Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 154 198 101
Rank change year-on-year +44 -97 +17
Contract jobs citing Java 8 553 881 2,332
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.65% 1.33% 2.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.93% 3.23% 5.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 484 684 1,961
Median daily rate £500 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +2.33% +4.88%
10th Percentile £372 £413 £413
90th Percentile £643 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 6 4
Median hourly rate £58.00 £46.00 £46.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.09% -1.60% -
UK median hourly rate £58.00 £46.00 £46.75
% change year-on-year +26.09% -1.60% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,069 27,276 40,691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.09% 41.13% 44.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,902 19,313 29,193
Median daily rate £482 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.57% +2.11% -
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 331 493 562
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £13.00 £16.50 £17.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.19
% change year-on-year -2.30% +3.11% +5.48%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 356 £525 -6.87% 97
North of England +74 106 £450 -10.00% 21
Yorkshire +47 78 £450 -14.29% 3
South East +65 29 £488 -2.50% 5
Midlands +53 21 £428 -14.40% 10
East of England +80 19 £500 +42.86% 10
West Midlands +61 19 £428 -14.40% 6
North West +45 17 £450 -4.00% 15
South West +51 12 £424 -10.79% 7
North East +40 11 £450 +22.45% 3
East Midlands +26 2 £572 -4.67% 4
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 535 (96.75%) Java
2 388 (70.16%) Spring
3 367 (66.37%) Agile Software Development
4 313 (56.60%) Microservices
5 302 (54.61%) Spring Boot
6 227 (41.05%) Jenkins
7 218 (39.42%) Git (software)
8 203 (36.71%) AWS
9 189 (34.18%) Docker
10 185 (33.45%) Scrum
11 181 (32.73%) Maven
12 173 (31.28%) Kubernetes
13 168 (30.38%) TDD
14 160 (28.93%) REST
15 147 (26.58%) Finance
16 137 (24.77%) BDD
17 120 (21.70%) JIRA
18 118 (21.34%) Test Automation
19 116 (20.98%) React
20 108 (19.53%) Node.js
21 105 (18.99%) JavaScript
21 105 (18.99%) SQL
22 102 (18.44%) DevOps
23 92 (16.64%) Kotlin
24 91 (16.46%) Continuous Integration
25 90 (16.27%) RESTful
26 86 (15.55%) Azure
26 86 (15.55%) Python
27 85 (15.37%) Kanban
28 84 (15.19%) GitHub

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (14.65%) Confluence
2 62 (11.21%) Cloud Foundry
3 28 (5.06%) Mule
4 23 (4.16%) Elasticsearch
5 21 (3.80%) Apache
6 20 (3.62%) WebLogic
7 17 (3.07%) Red Hat Fuse
8 15 (2.71%) Camunda
9 9 (1.63%) WebSphere
10 8 (1.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 7 (1.27%) Apache Spark
12 5 (0.90%) JBoss
12 5 (0.90%) Tomcat
13 4 (0.72%) SharePoint
14 3 (0.54%) GlassFish
14 3 (0.54%) Oracle Coherence
14 3 (0.54%) WebSphere Application Server
15 2 (0.36%) Anypoint
15 2 (0.36%) Jupyter
15 2 (0.36%) OpenStack
Applications
1 4 (0.72%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 203 (36.71%) AWS
2 86 (15.55%) Azure
3 84 (15.19%) GitHub
4 64 (11.57%) Slack
5 37 (6.69%) GCP
6 27 (4.88%) IaaS
6 27 (4.88%) PaaS
7 24 (4.34%) Serverless
8 16 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
9 11 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (1.81%) Amazon Kinesis
10 10 (1.81%) OpenShift
11 8 (1.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 8 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (1.08%) Amazon ECS
13 4 (0.72%) Amazon EKS
13 4 (0.72%) Apigee
13 4 (0.72%) AWS Fargate
13 4 (0.72%) Boomi
14 2 (0.36%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.71%) HTTP
2 11 (1.99%) Internet
3 5 (0.90%) DSL
4 4 (0.72%) FTP
4 4 (0.72%) NAS
5 3 (0.54%) DNS
5 3 (0.54%) SSL
5 3 (0.54%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.36%) FIX Connectivity
6 2 (0.36%) LAN
7 1 (0.18%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.18%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (8.32%) Relational Database
2 39 (7.05%) NoSQL
3 35 (6.33%) PostgreSQL
4 32 (5.79%) MySQL
5 30 (5.42%) MongoDB
6 21 (3.80%) Apache Cassandra
7 13 (2.35%) Redis
8 12 (2.17%) Hazelcast
8 12 (2.17%) Oracle Database
9 10 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (1.81%) SQL Server
10 7 (1.27%) Couchbase
11 6 (1.08%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.90%) Data Warehouse
12 5 (0.90%) Hadoop
13 4 (0.72%) Apache Hive
13 4 (0.72%) Big Data
13 4 (0.72%) Oracle Database 11g
14 3 (0.54%) BusinessObjects
15 2 (0.36%) DB2
Development Applications
1 227 (41.05%) Jenkins
2 218 (39.42%) Git (software)
3 181 (32.73%) Maven
4 120 (21.70%) JIRA
5 76 (13.74%) JUnit
6 72 (13.02%) Sonatype Nexus
7 50 (9.04%) Android Studio
8 49 (8.86%) Mockito
9 41 (7.41%) CocoaPods
9 41 (7.41%) Xcode
10 40 (7.23%) Gradle
11 36 (6.51%) IntelliJ
12 28 (5.06%) Selenium
13 22 (3.98%) Cucumber
14 13 (2.35%) Bitbucket
15 12 (2.17%) Ant
15 12 (2.17%) Subversion
16 11 (1.99%) JMeter
17 10 (1.81%) GitLab
18 9 (1.63%) SonarQube
General
1 147 (26.58%) Finance
2 72 (13.02%) Banking
3 30 (5.42%) Public Sector
4 13 (2.35%) Investment Banking
5 9 (1.63%) Front Office
6 8 (1.45%) Financial Institution
6 8 (1.45%) Retail Banking
7 7 (1.27%) Games
8 6 (1.08%) Retail
9 5 (0.90%) Advertising
10 3 (0.54%) Back Office
11 2 (0.36%) Electronics
11 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.36%) Marketing
11 2 (0.36%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.18%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.18%) French Language
12 1 (0.18%) German Language
12 1 (0.18%) Legal
Job Titles
1 415 (75.05%) Developer
2 335 (60.58%) Java Developer
3 72 (13.02%) Senior Developer
4 64 (11.57%) Senior Java Developer
5 52 (9.40%) Java Engineer
6 45 (8.14%) Full Stack Developer
7 26 (4.70%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 18 (3.25%) Software Developer
9 17 (3.07%) Lead Developer
10 16 (2.89%) Architect
11 14 (2.53%) AWS Developer
11 14 (2.53%) Java Architect
12 13 (2.35%) iOS Developer
12 13 (2.35%) Lead Java Developer
13 11 (1.99%) Software Engineer
14 10 (1.81%) React Developer
15 9 (1.63%) Core Java Developer
15 9 (1.63%) Python Engineer
15 9 (1.63%) Solutions Architect
16 8 (1.45%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 388 (70.16%) Spring
2 302 (54.61%) Spring Boot
3 160 (28.93%) REST
4 116 (20.98%) React
5 108 (19.53%) Node.js
6 90 (16.27%) RESTful
7 83 (15.01%) JSON
8 82 (14.83%) Kafka
9 73 (13.20%) AngularJS
10 58 (10.49%) HTML
11 54 (9.76%) Web Services
12 49 (8.86%) Apache Camel
13 48 (8.68%) Hibernate
14 33 (5.97%) HTML5
15 31 (5.61%) JDBC
15 31 (5.61%) JMS
15 31 (5.61%) WireMock
16 29 (5.24%) Hystrix
16 29 (5.24%) RxJava
17 28 (5.06%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 83 (15.01%) Mobile App
2 40 (7.23%) User Experience
3 24 (4.34%) Enterprise Software
4 23 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
5 21 (3.80%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (3.25%) Clustering
6 18 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
7 13 (2.35%) Algorithms
8 12 (2.17%) Public Cloud
9 11 (1.99%) Data Structures
10 7 (1.27%) Equities
11 5 (0.90%) Derivative
11 5 (0.90%) Virtual Team
12 4 (0.72%) Credit Risk
12 4 (0.72%) Hybrid Cloud
12 4 (0.72%) IVR
13 3 (0.54%) Client/Server
13 3 (0.54%) Cloud Native
13 3 (0.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 3 (0.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 59 (10.67%) Linux
2 52 (9.40%) Android
3 47 (8.50%) Apple iOS
4 45 (8.14%) Unix
5 14 (2.53%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.54%) Windows
7 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.18%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 367 (66.37%) Agile Software Development
2 313 (56.60%) Microservices
3 185 (33.45%) Scrum
4 168 (30.38%) TDD
5 137 (24.77%) BDD
6 118 (21.34%) Test Automation
7 102 (18.44%) DevOps
8 91 (16.46%) Continuous Integration
9 85 (15.37%) Kanban
10 69 (12.48%) Pair Programming
11 66 (11.93%) Continuous Delivery
11 66 (11.93%) OO
12 58 (10.49%) Software Engineering
13 51 (9.22%) Problem-Solving
14 48 (8.68%) Functional Programming
15 47 (8.50%) Unit Testing
16 46 (8.32%) Android Development
17 43 (7.78%) Scaled Agile Framework
17 43 (7.78%) SDLC
18 42 (7.59%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 535 (96.75%) Java
2 105 (18.99%) JavaScript
2 105 (18.99%) SQL
3 92 (16.64%) Kotlin
4 86 (15.55%) Python
5 41 (7.41%) Apple Swift
6 39 (7.05%) PL/SQL
7 32 (5.79%) Scala
8 29 (5.24%) Shell Script
9 15 (2.71%) ES6
10 9 (1.63%) Groovy
10 9 (1.63%) Java 9
11 8 (1.45%) TypeScript
12 7 (1.27%) Bash Shell
13 4 (0.72%) C++
14 3 (0.54%) C#
14 3 (0.54%) Go
14 3 (0.54%) Haskell
14 3 (0.54%) XPath
15 2 (0.36%) C
Qualifications
1 58 (10.49%) Security Cleared
2 49 (8.86%) SC Cleared
3 29 (5.24%) Degree
4 19 (3.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (2.35%) Master's Degree
6 6 (1.08%) CTC Cleared
6 6 (1.08%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.72%) OCPJP
7 4 (0.72%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.36%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.18%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (5.24%) QA
2 7 (1.27%) MiFID
3 1 (0.18%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 189 (34.18%) Docker
2 2 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 173 (31.28%) Kubernetes
2 38 (6.87%) Prometheus
3 25 (4.52%) Ansible
4 15 (2.71%) Terraform
5 5 (0.90%) Rundeck
5 5 (0.90%) Zipkin
6 4 (0.72%) Kibana
7 3 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.18%) Knative
8 1 (0.18%) linkerd
8 1 (0.18%) logstash
8 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.18%) Puppet
8 1 (0.18%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 79 (14.29%) Splunk
2 73 (13.20%) AppDynamics
3 67 (12.12%) Oracle
4 39 (7.05%) MuleSoft
5 23 (4.16%) webMethods
6 20 (3.62%) BEA
7 17 (3.07%) Informatica
8 11 (1.99%) WSO2
9 8 (1.45%) Google
10 5 (0.90%) Confluent
10 5 (0.90%) IBM
10 5 (0.90%) Microsoft
11 4 (0.72%) Apple
11 4 (0.72%) Guidewire
11 4 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (0.72%) SAP
11 4 (0.72%) Sun
11 4 (0.72%) Talend
11 4 (0.72%) TIBCO
12 3 (0.54%) Sybase