Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 164 100 138
Rank change year-on-year -64 +38 +151
Contract jobs citing Java 8 1,335 2,420 1,743
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.67% 2.60% 1.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.94% 5.79% 4.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,048 2,012 1,430
England median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +11.70%
10th Percentile £419 £400 £395
90th Percentile £688 £649 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £513 £515
% change year-on-year +7.32% -0.49% +11.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 1
England median hourly rate £52.50 £38.29 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.13% -19.40% -
10th Percentile £39.38 £35.00 £46.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £56.19 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £37.89 £47.50
% change year-on-year +31.95% -20.23% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,904 41,782 37,979
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.42% 44.86% 41.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,717 29,647 26,423
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £318 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 589 666 738
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.30 £17.50 £15.94
90th Percentile £57.10 £52.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +6.67%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -53 842 £575 +4.55% 230
North of England -49 180 £475 +5.56% 41
South East -55 157 £500 - 43
Yorkshire -15 102 £500 +14.29% 18
North West -44 72 £450 - 18
East of England -19 69 £523 -0.48% 9
South West -6 47 £475 +12.76% 13
Midlands -36 38 £450 - 13
West Midlands -11 31 £450 - 9
East Midlands -18 7 £425 -10.53% 4
North East -1 5 £618 +54.38% 5
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,326 (99.33%) Java
2 867 (64.94%) Agile Software Development
3 795 (59.55%) Spring
4 660 (49.44%) Microservices
5 604 (45.24%) TDD
6 507 (37.98%) Docker
7 505 (37.83%) Spring Boot
8 422 (31.61%) AWS
9 330 (24.72%) BDD
10 294 (22.02%) JavaScript
11 287 (21.50%) DevOps
12 268 (20.07%) REST
13 265 (19.85%) Jenkins
14 263 (19.70%) Scrum
15 252 (18.88%) Kubernetes
16 240 (17.98%) AngularJS
17 238 (17.83%) Git (software)
18 233 (17.45%) Linux
19 224 (16.78%) RESTful
20 220 (16.48%) Finance
21 209 (15.66%) Pair Programming
22 206 (15.43%) Kafka
23 203 (15.21%) MongoDB
24 196 (14.68%) Test Automation
25 194 (14.53%) Banking
26 193 (14.46%) Maven
27 180 (13.48%) SQL
28 177 (13.26%) Azure
28 177 (13.26%) React
29 174 (13.03%) Mockito

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (7.04%) Confluence
2 71 (5.32%) Elasticsearch
3 47 (3.52%) Apache
4 32 (2.40%) JBoss
5 31 (2.32%) Mule
6 30 (2.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 28 (2.10%) Oracle Service Bus
8 26 (1.95%) Apache Spark
9 25 (1.87%) Apache Solr
10 23 (1.72%) CMS
11 21 (1.57%) Magnolia
12 15 (1.12%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 14 (1.05%) WebSphere
14 12 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
15 10 (0.75%) WebLogic
16 9 (0.67%) Tomcat
17 8 (0.60%) WildFly
18 6 (0.45%) Camunda
19 4 (0.30%) Oracle Coherence
20 2 (0.15%) Jetty
Applications
1 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.075%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.15%) CSG Singleview
2 2 (0.15%) Magento
2 2 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.075%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.075%) Fredhopper
3 1 (0.075%) Infor M3
3 1 (0.075%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 422 (31.61%) AWS
2 177 (13.26%) Azure
3 60 (4.49%) GitHub
4 46 (3.45%) Serverless
5 39 (2.92%) AWS Lambda
6 36 (2.70%) OpenShift
7 34 (2.55%) GCP
8 33 (2.47%) Amazon SQS
9 26 (1.95%) Amazon S3
10 25 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
11 17 (1.27%) PaaS
12 16 (1.20%) Slack
13 15 (1.12%) AWS CloudFormation
14 14 (1.05%) Amazon Kinesis
15 11 (0.82%) npm
16 10 (0.75%) Amazon ECS
16 10 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
17 7 (0.52%) SaaS
18 5 (0.37%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 5 (0.37%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.02%) FTP
1 27 (2.02%) HTTP
2 19 (1.42%) SSL
3 16 (1.20%) DNS
4 15 (1.12%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.52%) Internet
5 7 (0.52%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.37%) DSL
7 2 (0.15%) AMQP
7 2 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.15%) SNMP
8 1 (0.075%) Firewall
8 1 (0.075%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.075%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 203 (15.21%) MongoDB
2 125 (9.36%) NoSQL
3 117 (8.76%) PostgreSQL
4 64 (4.79%) Hadoop
4 64 (4.79%) MySQL
5 60 (4.49%) Relational Database
6 57 (4.27%) Big Data
7 51 (3.82%) Apache Cassandra
8 41 (3.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 37 (2.77%) SQL Server
10 36 (2.70%) RDBMS
11 24 (1.80%) Redis
12 23 (1.72%) Oracle Database
13 20 (1.50%) HBase
13 20 (1.50%) Neo4j
14 19 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
15 9 (0.67%) Oracle OWB
16 8 (0.60%) Flink
17 7 (0.52%) Hazelcast
18 6 (0.45%) DB2
Development Applications
1 265 (19.85%) Jenkins
2 238 (17.83%) Git (software)
3 193 (14.46%) Maven
4 174 (13.03%) Mockito
5 133 (9.96%) JUnit
6 125 (9.36%) JIRA
7 117 (8.76%) Cucumber
8 65 (4.87%) Gradle
9 61 (4.57%) Selenium
10 45 (3.37%) Sonatype Nexus
11 41 (3.07%) GitLab
12 39 (2.92%) IntelliJ
13 29 (2.17%) Bitbucket
14 26 (1.95%) SonarQube
15 22 (1.65%) TeamCity
16 21 (1.57%) JMeter
17 20 (1.50%) Eclipse
18 19 (1.42%) gulp
18 19 (1.42%) Spock
19 17 (1.27%) Gatling
General
1 220 (16.48%) Finance
2 194 (14.53%) Banking
3 93 (6.97%) Public Sector
4 57 (4.27%) Marketing
5 48 (3.60%) Investment Banking
6 37 (2.77%) Telecoms
7 35 (2.62%) Manufacturing
8 34 (2.55%) Electronics
9 30 (2.25%) Retail
10 28 (2.10%) Front Office
11 15 (1.12%) Financial Institution
11 15 (1.12%) Games
12 7 (0.52%) Legal
13 6 (0.45%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.30%) Advertising
14 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.15%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.15%) Back Office
15 2 (0.15%) Publishing
16 1 (0.075%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,137 (85.17%) Developer
2 991 (74.23%) Java Developer
3 206 (15.43%) Senior Developer
4 185 (13.86%) Senior Java Developer
5 164 (12.28%) Full Stack Developer
6 85 (6.37%) React Developer
7 80 (5.99%) AWS Developer
8 65 (4.87%) Java Developer - Fintech
9 62 (4.64%) Agile Developer
9 62 (4.64%) Agile Java Developer
10 61 (4.57%) Backend Developer
11 60 (4.49%) Java Engineer
12 51 (3.82%) Angular Developer
13 29 (2.17%) Software Engineer
14 25 (1.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 24 (1.80%) Java Software Engineer
15 24 (1.80%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 23 (1.72%) Architect
16 23 (1.72%) DevOps Engineer
16 23 (1.72%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 795 (59.55%) Spring
2 505 (37.83%) Spring Boot
3 268 (20.07%) REST
4 240 (17.98%) AngularJS
5 224 (16.78%) RESTful
6 206 (15.43%) Kafka
7 177 (13.26%) React
8 148 (11.09%) Hibernate
9 144 (10.79%) HTML
10 142 (10.64%) Node.js
11 139 (10.41%) Web Services
12 127 (9.51%) JSON
13 117 (8.76%) CSS
14 112 (8.39%) JAX-RS
15 87 (6.52%) HTML5
16 80 (5.99%) SOAP
17 78 (5.84%) ActiveMQ
18 76 (5.69%) JPA
19 65 (4.87%) Apache Camel
20 54 (4.04%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 137 (10.26%) Greenfield Project
2 57 (4.27%) User Experience
3 46 (3.45%) Mobile App
4 36 (2.70%) Data Structures
5 35 (2.62%) Analytical Skills
6 29 (2.17%) Algorithms
7 25 (1.87%) Virtual Team
8 24 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
9 22 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
10 21 (1.57%) Equities
11 17 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (1.12%) Cloud Native
12 15 (1.12%) Derivative
13 13 (0.97%) Mobile Banking
14 12 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 9 (0.67%) Client/Server
15 9 (0.67%) NHS
15 9 (0.67%) Replication
15 9 (0.67%) Social Media
16 8 (0.60%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 233 (17.45%) Linux
2 141 (10.56%) Unix
3 74 (5.54%) Mac OS X
4 25 (1.87%) Apple iOS
5 19 (1.42%) Android
6 10 (0.75%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.67%) Windows
8 3 (0.22%) CentOS
8 3 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.15%) VMS
10 1 (0.075%) AIX
10 1 (0.075%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.075%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.075%) Mesosphere
10 1 (0.075%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 867 (64.94%) Agile Software Development
2 660 (49.44%) Microservices
3 604 (45.24%) TDD
4 330 (24.72%) BDD
5 287 (21.50%) DevOps
6 263 (19.70%) Scrum
7 209 (15.66%) Pair Programming
8 196 (14.68%) Test Automation
9 144 (10.79%) Continuous Integration
10 126 (9.44%) Kanban
11 121 (9.06%) OO
12 107 (8.01%) Continuous Deployment
13 101 (7.57%) Software Engineering
14 96 (7.19%) Continuous Delivery
14 96 (7.19%) Fintech
15 90 (6.74%) Open Source
16 88 (6.59%) Web Development
17 82 (6.14%) Problem-Solving
18 79 (5.92%) Responsive Web Design
19 73 (5.47%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1,326 (99.33%) Java
2 294 (22.02%) JavaScript
3 180 (13.48%) SQL
4 100 (7.49%) ES6
5 84 (6.29%) Python
6 68 (5.09%) TypeScript
7 61 (4.57%) Scala
8 42 (3.15%) Ruby
9 38 (2.85%) Kotlin
10 31 (2.32%) Shell Script
11 28 (2.10%) PL/SQL
12 23 (1.72%) C#
13 21 (1.57%) C++
14 20 (1.50%) Groovy
15 19 (1.42%) C
16 18 (1.35%) Apple Swift
17 16 (1.20%) ES7
18 15 (1.12%) Java 9
19 14 (1.05%) Bash Shell
20 10 (0.75%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 136 (10.19%) Security Cleared
2 114 (8.54%) SC Cleared
3 38 (2.85%) Degree
4 25 (1.87%) DV Cleared
5 20 (1.50%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.90%) ISEB
6 12 (0.90%) ISTQB
7 9 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 7 (0.52%) CTC Cleared
9 5 (0.37%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.30%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.22%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.15%) Computer Science Degree
12 2 (0.15%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (4.04%) QA
2 5 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.15%) HL7
3 2 (0.15%) MiFID
4 1 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.075%) EMIR
4 1 (0.075%) PMO
System Software
1 507 (37.98%) Docker
2 5 (0.37%) HDFS
3 3 (0.22%) OpenAM
4 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.075%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 252 (18.88%) Kubernetes
2 101 (7.57%) Terraform
3 81 (6.07%) Ansible
4 25 (1.87%) Puppet
5 16 (1.20%) Kibana
6 14 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
7 13 (0.97%) linkerd
8 12 (0.90%) logstash
9 10 (0.75%) Consul
10 8 (0.60%) Grafana
10 8 (0.60%) Mesos
10 8 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
10 8 (0.60%) Prometheus
11 6 (0.45%) Marathon
11 6 (0.45%) ZABBIX
12 3 (0.22%) Nagios
12 3 (0.22%) Rancher
12 3 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 121 (9.06%) Oracle
2 36 (2.70%) SAP
3 32 (2.40%) WSO2
4 29 (2.17%) Google
5 24 (1.80%) Splunk
6 22 (1.65%) Talend
7 21 (1.57%) Atlassian
8 20 (1.50%) AppDynamics
9 18 (1.35%) Adobe
9 18 (1.35%) MuleSoft
10 14 (1.05%) Red Hat
11 11 (0.82%) IBM
11 11 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
12 9 (0.67%) Sybase
13 7 (0.52%) New Relic
14 5 (0.37%) hybris
14 5 (0.37%) webMethods
15 4 (0.30%) BEA
15 4 (0.30%) Hortonworks
15 4 (0.30%) Pega