Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 195 127 186
Rank change year-on-year -68 +59 -92
Contract jobs citing Java 8 920 539 1,185
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.38% 2.03% 1.52%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.48% 4.71% 3.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 682 403 936
10th Percentile £438 £388 £418
25th Percentile £481 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £573 £510 £550
Median % change year-on-year +12.35% -7.27% +4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £575 £625
90th Percentile £773 £643 £688
UK median daily rate £565 £500 £545
% change year-on-year +13.00% -8.26% +3.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 0 4
10th Percentile £54.71 " £43.88
25th Percentile £61.50 " £47.81
Median hourly rate £65.50 - £50.00
75th Percentile £71.75 " £52.50
90th Percentile £73.45 " £57.00
UK median hourly rate £65.50 - £50.00

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,470 11,451 32,944
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.76% 43.09% 42.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,282 8,120 23,374
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £694 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +8.75% +1.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 392 223 565
10th Percentile £17.40 £12.63 £18.08
25th Percentile £25.44 £21.25 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.50 £37.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.33% -16.67% +6.51%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.54 £55.00 £55.80
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £37.71 £44.53
% change year-on-year +20.65% -15.31% +6.03%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -56 596 £625 +19.05% 145
North of England -104 80 £488 -6.70% 21
Midlands -31 61 £500 +16.82% 15
West Midlands -20 57 £498 +16.24% 12
East of England -23 48 £540 +13.68% 9
South East -71 48 £497 +1.85% 20
South West -7 47 £488 +1.56% 14
North West -35 42 £463 -11.90% 18
North East +4 19 £550 +22.22% 1
Yorkshire -104 19 £505 - 2
East Midlands -36 3 £515 +21.89% 3
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 910 (98.91%) Java
2 653 (70.98%) Spring
3 589 (64.02%) Agile Software Development
4 512 (55.65%) Microservices
5 445 (48.37%) Spring Boot
6 324 (35.22%) Git (software)
7 307 (33.37%) Jenkins
8 297 (32.28%) Finance
9 295 (32.07%) TDD
9 295 (32.07%) Maven
10 273 (29.67%) Oracle
11 265 (28.80%) SQL
12 263 (28.59%) AWS
13 256 (27.83%) Scrum
14 245 (26.63%) Docker
15 224 (24.35%) Java 11
16 210 (22.83%) BDD
17 206 (22.39%) REST
18 185 (20.11%) Banking
19 181 (19.67%) Kubernetes
20 174 (18.91%) RESTful
21 170 (18.48%) Linux
22 169 (18.37%) Social Skills
23 165 (17.93%) JUnit
24 160 (17.39%) JIRA
24 160 (17.39%) Multithreading
25 155 (16.85%) DevOps
26 143 (15.54%) Test Automation
27 137 (14.89%) JavaScript
28 127 (13.80%) Pair Programming

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (13.15%) Confluence
2 48 (5.22%) WebLogic
3 43 (4.67%) Tomcat
4 28 (3.04%) Apache
5 27 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (2.61%) Apache Spark
6 24 (2.61%) CMS
7 19 (2.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 18 (1.96%) JBoss
9 12 (1.30%) GemFire
10 10 (1.09%) Red Hat Fuse
11 9 (0.98%) Camunda
12 7 (0.76%) Headless CMS
12 7 (0.76%) WebSphere
13 6 (0.65%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.43%) Apache ServiceMix
14 4 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
14 4 (0.43%) Magnolia
15 3 (0.33%) Mule
15 3 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
2 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 263 (28.59%) AWS
2 125 (13.59%) Azure
3 67 (7.28%) Serverless
4 65 (7.07%) GitHub
5 54 (5.87%) AWS Lambda
5 54 (5.87%) GCP
6 29 (3.15%) OpenShift
7 21 (2.28%) Amazon S3
8 12 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
8 12 (1.30%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (1.30%) Slack
9 10 (1.09%) GitHub Actions
9 10 (1.09%) PaaS
9 10 (1.09%) SaaS
10 9 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
11 7 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 6 (0.65%) Amazon EKS
12 6 (0.65%) AWS CodePipeline
12 6 (0.65%) Azure Service Bus
12 6 (0.65%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.93%) SSL
2 25 (2.72%) TCP/IP
3 24 (2.61%) HTTP
4 14 (1.52%) LAN
5 5 (0.54%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.33%) Intranet
7 2 (0.22%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (10.87%) MySQL
1 100 (10.87%) NoSQL
2 97 (10.54%) Relational Database
3 68 (7.39%) Oracle Database
3 68 (7.39%) PostgreSQL
4 66 (7.17%) Redis
5 61 (6.63%) MongoDB
6 44 (4.78%) Hazelcast
7 42 (4.57%) SQL Server
8 38 (4.13%) BusinessObjects
9 29 (3.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 26 (2.83%) RDBMS
11 21 (2.28%) Apache Cassandra
12 18 (1.96%) Big Data
13 15 (1.63%) Apache Hive
14 14 (1.52%) Oracle Reports
15 13 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
16 12 (1.30%) Hadoop
16 12 (1.30%) InfluxDB
16 12 (1.30%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 324 (35.22%) Git (software)
2 307 (33.37%) Jenkins
3 295 (32.07%) Maven
4 165 (17.93%) JUnit
5 160 (17.39%) JIRA
6 120 (13.04%) Mockito
7 87 (9.46%) Cucumber
8 51 (5.54%) Gradle
9 48 (5.22%) Selenium
10 42 (4.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 41 (4.46%) Bitbucket
12 38 (4.13%) Sonatype Nexus
13 36 (3.91%) TeamCity
14 32 (3.48%) Subversion
15 30 (3.26%) IntelliJ
16 29 (3.15%) TestNG
17 24 (2.61%) Postman
18 23 (2.50%) Hudson
18 23 (2.50%) SonarQube
19 18 (1.96%) Ant
General
1 297 (32.28%) Finance
2 185 (20.11%) Banking
3 169 (18.37%) Social Skills
4 94 (10.22%) Investment Banking
5 59 (6.41%) Front Office
6 45 (4.89%) Public Sector
7 40 (4.35%) Analytical Skills
8 34 (3.70%) Retail
9 20 (2.17%) Manufacturing
10 19 (2.07%) Presentation Skills
11 18 (1.96%) Documentation Skills
11 18 (1.96%) Marketing
12 16 (1.74%) Financial Institution
13 12 (1.30%) Back Office
14 8 (0.87%) Electronics
15 6 (0.65%) Games
16 4 (0.43%) Legal
16 4 (0.43%) Telecoms
17 3 (0.33%) Automotive
17 3 (0.33%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 768 (83.48%) Developer
2 683 (74.24%) Java Developer
3 193 (20.98%) Senior Developer
4 181 (19.67%) Senior Java Developer
5 53 (5.76%) Java Engineer
6 36 (3.91%) Core Java Developer
6 36 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
7 27 (2.93%) Software Engineer
8 26 (2.83%) Architect
8 26 (2.83%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 24 (2.61%) Software Developer
10 22 (2.39%) Backend Developer
11 18 (1.96%) Consultant
11 18 (1.96%) Java Architect
11 18 (1.96%) Java Consultant
11 18 (1.96%) Senior Consultant
11 18 (1.96%) Senior Java Consultant
12 17 (1.85%) Java Software Developer
12 17 (1.85%) Lead Developer
13 16 (1.74%) HTML Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 653 (70.98%) Spring
2 445 (48.37%) Spring Boot
3 206 (22.39%) REST
4 174 (18.91%) RESTful
5 115 (12.50%) JSON
6 109 (11.85%) Web Services
7 105 (11.41%) Kafka
8 102 (11.09%) React
9 95 (10.33%) Hibernate
10 90 (9.78%) Apache Camel
11 86 (9.35%) AngularJS
12 83 (9.02%) JPA
13 79 (8.59%) HTML
14 78 (8.48%) CSS
15 76 (8.26%) J2EE
16 75 (8.15%) XML
17 58 (6.30%) Node.js
18 56 (6.09%) RabbitMQ
19 53 (5.76%) JMS
20 45 (4.89%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 82 (8.91%) Algorithms
2 64 (6.96%) Data Structures
3 61 (6.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 55 (5.98%) Derivative
5 41 (4.46%) Data Protection Act
6 40 (4.35%) Greenfield Project
7 39 (4.24%) Hybrid Cloud
8 36 (3.91%) User Experience
9 35 (3.80%) Mobile App
10 32 (3.48%) Fixed Income
11 18 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
12 17 (1.85%) Client/Server
13 16 (1.74%) Social Media
14 15 (1.63%) Legacy Systems
14 15 (1.63%) Public Cloud
15 14 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
16 12 (1.30%) Replication
17 9 (0.98%) Cloud Native
17 9 (0.98%) Legacy Applications
18 8 (0.87%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 170 (18.48%) Linux
2 115 (12.50%) Unix
3 28 (3.04%) Windows
4 11 (1.20%) Android
4 11 (1.20%) Mac OS X
5 2 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.11%) CentOS
6 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.11%) Solaris
6 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 589 (64.02%) Agile Software Development
2 512 (55.65%) Microservices
3 295 (32.07%) TDD
4 256 (27.83%) Scrum
5 210 (22.83%) BDD
6 160 (17.39%) Multithreading
7 155 (16.85%) DevOps
8 143 (15.54%) Test Automation
9 127 (13.80%) Pair Programming
10 123 (13.37%) Software Engineering
11 110 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
12 103 (11.20%) Kanban
12 103 (11.20%) OO
13 82 (8.91%) API Design
14 80 (8.70%) Unit Testing
15 76 (8.26%) Continuous Integration
15 76 (8.26%) Full Stack Development
15 76 (8.26%) Performance Tuning
16 71 (7.72%) SDLC
17 66 (7.17%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 910 (98.91%) Java
2 265 (28.80%) SQL
3 224 (24.35%) Java 11
4 137 (14.89%) JavaScript
5 124 (13.48%) PL/SQL
6 81 (8.80%) Scala
7 58 (6.30%) Shell Script
8 48 (5.22%) Kotlin
9 39 (4.24%) TypeScript
10 31 (3.37%) Python
11 25 (2.72%) Haskell
12 21 (2.28%) C++
13 16 (1.74%) Java 9
14 10 (1.09%) Bash Shell
14 10 (1.09%) ES6
14 10 (1.09%) R
15 9 (0.98%) C#
15 9 (0.98%) Groovy
15 9 (0.98%) T-SQL
16 7 (0.76%) Go
Qualifications
1 101 (10.98%) Security Cleared
2 100 (10.87%) SC Cleared
3 48 (5.22%) Degree
4 34 (3.70%) Computer Science Degree
4 34 (3.70%) OCPJP
4 34 (3.70%) Sun Certification
5 10 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.33%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.11%) CFA
8 1 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.11%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.11%) ISEB
8 1 (0.11%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.11%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.28%) QA
2 14 (1.52%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.33%) PMO
4 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.11%) EMIR
5 1 (0.11%) MiFID
5 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 245 (26.63%) Docker
2 2 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (0.22%) Postfix
3 1 (0.11%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.11%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 181 (19.67%) Kubernetes
2 100 (10.87%) Ansible
3 37 (4.02%) Terraform
4 34 (3.70%) Kibana
5 14 (1.52%) logstash
5 14 (1.52%) Single Sign-On
6 12 (1.30%) Oozie
7 9 (0.98%) Grafana
8 8 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
9 7 (0.76%) Puppet
10 6 (0.65%) Graphite
11 5 (0.54%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.43%) Marathon
12 4 (0.43%) Mesos
13 3 (0.33%) Zipkin
14 2 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
15 1 (0.11%) Consul
15 1 (0.11%) Istio
Vendors
1 273 (29.67%) Oracle
2 44 (4.78%) Informatica
2 44 (4.78%) webMethods
2 44 (4.78%) WSO2
3 42 (4.57%) BEA
4 34 (3.70%) Sun
5 23 (2.50%) Solace
6 22 (2.39%) Splunk
7 19 (2.07%) Adobe
7 19 (2.07%) Google
8 15 (1.63%) Atlassian
8 15 (1.63%) MuleSoft
9 12 (1.30%) AppDynamics
9 12 (1.30%) Microsoft
10 9 (0.98%) IBM
11 8 (0.87%) Bloomberg
11 8 (0.87%) Perforce
11 8 (0.87%) SAP
12 6 (0.65%) ION Trading
13 4 (0.43%) Fidessa