Period
to 8 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 8 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
8 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 172 171 120
Rank change year-on-year -1 -51 -5
Contract jobs citing Java 8 665 720 1,797
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.49% 1.55% 2.13%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.62% 3.78% 4.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 467 508 1,418
10th Percentile £405 £400 £413
25th Percentile £463 £458 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £545 £538
Median % change year-on-year -3.67% +1.40% +4.88%
75th Percentile £625 £610 £613
90th Percentile £680 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 10 7
10th Percentile £56.50 £38.66 £52.00
25th Percentile £57.63 £42.63 £52.50
Median hourly rate £61.75 £46.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +34.24% -16.36% +22.22%
75th Percentile £65.54 " £60.00
90th Percentile £72.66 £58.33 "
UK median hourly rate £61.75 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +34.24% -16.36% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,350 19,067 36,436
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.03% 40.94% 43.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,084 13,579 25,924
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £485
Median % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £669 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 374 324 567
10th Percentile £18.33 £17.22 £18.00
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.57 £30.75
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £43.92
Median % change year-on-year -1.16% -2.08% +9.79%
75th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.85 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year - -1.16% +7.50%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 8 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 8 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 8 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 472 £550 -2.57% 125
North of England +37 61 £500 +8.11% 30
South East +18 46 £450 +5.88% 33
East of England +36 41 £494 +9.72% 9
Yorkshire +26 31 £500 +11.11% 5
Midlands +19 20 £428 -4.89% 15
West Midlands +15 18 £428 -4.89% 14
North East +27 15 £500 +21.95% 3
North West +18 15 £404 -25.70% 22
South West +7 15 £438 -12.50% 12
East Midlands +10 2 £435 +2.96% 1
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 8 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 657 (98.80%) Java
2 442 (66.47%) Spring
3 410 (61.65%) Agile Software Development
4 379 (56.99%) Microservices
5 314 (47.22%) Spring Boot
6 221 (33.23%) Docker
7 218 (32.78%) AWS
8 215 (32.33%) Finance
9 207 (31.13%) Jenkins
10 193 (29.02%) TDD
11 186 (27.97%) Git (software)
12 185 (27.82%) REST
12 185 (27.82%) Maven
13 182 (27.37%) Kubernetes
14 160 (24.06%) SQL
15 155 (23.31%) Scrum
16 153 (23.01%) JavaScript
17 141 (21.20%) Banking
18 139 (20.90%) BDD
19 125 (18.80%) Oracle
20 118 (17.74%) DevOps
21 116 (17.44%) RESTful
22 110 (16.54%) Linux
23 109 (16.39%) JIRA
24 104 (15.64%) Social Skills
25 103 (15.49%) Test Automation
25 103 (15.49%) Azure
26 102 (15.34%) Security Cleared
27 101 (15.19%) JUnit
28 99 (14.89%) SC Cleared

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (9.92%) Confluence
2 29 (4.36%) Apache
3 26 (3.91%) Cloud Foundry
4 25 (3.76%) Tomcat
5 22 (3.31%) Camunda
5 22 (3.31%) WebLogic
6 21 (3.16%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (2.71%) Red Hat Fuse
8 12 (1.80%) Apache Spark
9 9 (1.35%) Mule
10 8 (1.20%) Oracle Coherence
10 8 (1.20%) Oracle Workflow
10 8 (1.20%) WebSphere
11 7 (1.05%) GemFire
12 5 (0.75%) JBoss
12 5 (0.75%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.60%) GlassFish
14 3 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 1 (0.15%) Apache Pig
15 1 (0.15%) OpenStack
Applications
1 4 (0.60%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.30%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (0.75%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 218 (32.78%) AWS
2 103 (15.49%) Azure
3 48 (7.22%) Serverless
4 44 (6.62%) GitHub
5 40 (6.02%) AWS Lambda
6 35 (5.26%) GCP
7 34 (5.11%) OpenShift
8 25 (3.76%) Slack
9 20 (3.01%) PaaS
10 19 (2.86%) Amazon S3
11 13 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
11 13 (1.95%) IaaS
12 9 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (1.20%) SaaS
14 7 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 7 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
15 5 (0.75%) Amazon ECS
15 5 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
16 4 (0.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 3 (0.45%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.65%) SSL
2 8 (1.20%) HTTP
2 8 (1.20%) LAN
3 7 (1.05%) DNS
3 7 (1.05%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.75%) DMARC
4 5 (0.75%) Internet
4 5 (0.75%) SMS
4 5 (0.75%) SMTP
5 4 (0.60%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.60%) NAS
5 4 (0.60%) VPN
6 3 (0.45%) FTP
7 1 (0.15%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (8.87%) PostgreSQL
2 55 (8.27%) Relational Database
3 51 (7.67%) NoSQL
4 46 (6.92%) MongoDB
5 27 (4.06%) Oracle Database
6 26 (3.91%) Redis
7 25 (3.76%) MySQL
7 25 (3.76%) SQL Server
8 24 (3.61%) Hazelcast
9 22 (3.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 14 (2.11%) DB2
11 11 (1.65%) RDBMS
12 10 (1.50%) Oracle Reports
13 7 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
13 7 (1.05%) Data Lake
13 7 (1.05%) HBase
13 7 (1.05%) Oracle Database 12c
13 7 (1.05%) Oracle ODI
14 5 (0.75%) CockroachDB
15 4 (0.60%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 207 (31.13%) Jenkins
2 186 (27.97%) Git (software)
3 185 (27.82%) Maven
4 109 (16.39%) JIRA
5 101 (15.19%) JUnit
6 56 (8.42%) Gradle
7 52 (7.82%) Cucumber
8 51 (7.67%) Mockito
9 37 (5.56%) Sonatype Nexus
10 34 (5.11%) Selenium
11 27 (4.06%) Bitbucket
12 26 (3.91%) Ant
13 23 (3.46%) Postman
14 22 (3.31%) IntelliJ
15 20 (3.01%) SonarQube
16 19 (2.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 18 (2.71%) Subversion
18 17 (2.56%) TestNG
19 15 (2.26%) TeamCity
20 11 (1.65%) Eclipse
General
1 215 (32.33%) Finance
2 141 (21.20%) Banking
3 104 (15.64%) Social Skills
4 47 (7.07%) Investment Banking
5 33 (4.96%) Analytical Skills
6 26 (3.91%) Public Sector
7 22 (3.31%) Front Office
8 20 (3.01%) Financial Institution
9 14 (2.11%) Retail
10 6 (0.90%) Marketing
11 5 (0.75%) Back Office
11 5 (0.75%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.60%) Billing
12 4 (0.60%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.45%) Games
13 3 (0.45%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.30%) Advertising
14 2 (0.30%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.30%) Automotive
14 2 (0.30%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 533 (80.15%) Developer
2 470 (70.68%) Java Developer
3 111 (16.69%) Senior Developer
4 100 (15.04%) Senior Java Developer
5 45 (6.77%) SC Cleared Java Developer
6 42 (6.32%) Full Stack Developer
7 30 (4.51%) Java Engineer
8 27 (4.06%) AWS Developer
9 22 (3.31%) Architect
10 16 (2.41%) Java Architect
11 15 (2.26%) Core Java Developer
11 15 (2.26%) Oracle Developer
11 15 (2.26%) Software Developer
12 14 (2.11%) Lead Developer
13 12 (1.80%) Consultant
13 12 (1.80%) Java Consultant
13 12 (1.80%) Lead Java Developer
14 11 (1.65%) Senior Consultant
14 11 (1.65%) Senior Java Consultant
14 11 (1.65%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 442 (66.47%) Spring
2 314 (47.22%) Spring Boot
3 185 (27.82%) REST
4 116 (17.44%) RESTful
5 99 (14.89%) React
6 98 (14.74%) Kafka
7 88 (13.23%) AngularJS
8 85 (12.78%) Node.js
9 78 (11.73%) Hibernate
10 72 (10.83%) HTML
11 58 (8.72%) Web Services
12 55 (8.27%) JSON
13 50 (7.52%) JDBC
13 50 (7.52%) JPA
14 46 (6.92%) CSS
15 41 (6.17%) XML
16 38 (5.71%) J2EE
16 38 (5.71%) JMS
17 37 (5.56%) Apache Camel
17 37 (5.56%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 42 (6.32%) User Experience
2 33 (4.96%) Algorithms
2 33 (4.96%) Self-Motivation
3 32 (4.81%) Enterprise Software
4 29 (4.36%) Data Structures
5 28 (4.21%) Greenfield Project
6 25 (3.76%) Mobile App
7 20 (3.01%) Clustering
8 18 (2.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 11 (1.65%) Public Cloud
10 10 (1.50%) Hedge funds
11 9 (1.35%) Client/Server
12 8 (1.20%) Replication
13 7 (1.05%) Cloud Native
13 7 (1.05%) Credit Risk
13 7 (1.05%) Grid Computing
13 7 (1.05%) Hybrid Cloud
13 7 (1.05%) Market Risk
14 6 (0.90%) Fixed Income
14 6 (0.90%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 110 (16.54%) Linux
2 58 (8.72%) Unix
3 17 (2.56%) Mac OS X
3 17 (2.56%) Windows
4 10 (1.50%) Android
5 9 (1.35%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.15%) CentOS
7 1 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 410 (61.65%) Agile Software Development
2 379 (56.99%) Microservices
3 193 (29.02%) TDD
4 155 (23.31%) Scrum
5 139 (20.90%) BDD
6 118 (17.74%) DevOps
7 103 (15.49%) Test Automation
8 78 (11.73%) Multithreading
9 77 (11.58%) Kanban
10 71 (10.68%) Continuous Integration
11 63 (9.47%) OO
12 62 (9.32%) Software Engineering
13 60 (9.02%) Digital Transformation Programme
14 59 (8.87%) Unit Testing
15 58 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
16 55 (8.27%) Continuous Delivery
16 55 (8.27%) Pair Programming
17 54 (8.12%) MVC
18 52 (7.82%) SDLC
19 49 (7.37%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 657 (98.80%) Java
2 160 (24.06%) SQL
3 153 (23.01%) JavaScript
4 55 (8.27%) PL/SQL
4 55 (8.27%) Python
5 54 (8.12%) Kotlin
6 43 (6.47%) Scala
7 37 (5.56%) TypeScript
8 24 (3.61%) Shell Script
9 21 (3.16%) ES6
10 15 (2.26%) C++
11 10 (1.50%) Haskell
11 10 (1.50%) Java 9
12 9 (1.35%) Bash Shell
12 9 (1.35%) R
13 8 (1.20%) C
13 8 (1.20%) T-SQL
14 7 (1.05%) Go
15 6 (0.90%) Groovy
15 6 (0.90%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 102 (15.34%) Security Cleared
2 99 (14.89%) SC Cleared
3 32 (4.81%) Degree
4 25 (3.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.20%) Master's Degree
6 7 (1.05%) OCPJP
6 7 (1.05%) Sun Certification
7 6 (0.90%) CTC Cleared
8 2 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.30%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.30%) ISEB
8 2 (0.30%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.15%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.15%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (3.91%) QA
2 12 (1.80%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.75%) GDPR
4 3 (0.45%) MiFID
4 3 (0.45%) PMO
5 1 (0.15%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 221 (33.23%) Docker
2 12 (1.80%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.45%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.30%) KVM
4 2 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 182 (27.37%) Kubernetes
2 23 (3.46%) Ansible
2 23 (3.46%) Prometheus
3 18 (2.71%) Terraform
4 8 (1.20%) Kibana
5 7 (1.05%) Zipkin
6 6 (0.90%) Grafana
7 2 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.15%) Oozie
8 1 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.15%) Puppet
8 1 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 125 (18.80%) Oracle
2 32 (4.81%) Splunk
3 28 (4.21%) AppDynamics
4 22 (3.31%) Microsoft
4 22 (3.31%) MuleSoft
5 18 (2.71%) Google
6 16 (2.41%) IBM
7 14 (2.11%) BEA
7 14 (2.11%) webMethods
8 13 (1.95%) Informatica
9 8 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 8 (1.20%) WSO2
10 7 (1.05%) Adobe
10 7 (1.05%) Serena
10 7 (1.05%) Solace
10 7 (1.05%) Sun
11 5 (0.75%) New Relic
12 4 (0.60%) Guidewire
13 3 (0.45%) Confluent
13 3 (0.45%) Red Hat