Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 97 134 290
Rank change year-on-year +37 +156 +388
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,438 1,738 890
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.60% 1.91% 0.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.79% 4.57% 2.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,024 1,424 738
England median daily rate £525 £525 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.70% +4.44%
10th Percentile £400 £395 £363
90th Percentile £648 £650 £588
UK median daily rate £513 £515 £460
% change year-on-year -0.49% +11.96% +2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 0
England median hourly rate £38.29 £47.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.40% - -
UK median hourly rate £37.89 £47.50 -
% change year-on-year -20.23% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,125 38,024 39,873
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.87% 41.86% 40.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,880 26,430 27,763
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £316 £306 £285
90th Percentile £638 £625 £593
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 670 734 857
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.31% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £17.50 £15.85 £14.36
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.79% +6.67% +4.17%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 1,540 £550 +4.76% 302
North of England +51 347 £450 +5.88% 85
South East +70 268 £500 - 65
North West +29 158 £450 - 53
Yorkshire +28 157 £438 +4.17% 27
East of England +85 127 £525 - 26
Midlands +49 122 £450 -13.04% 29
West Midlands +18 75 £450 -18.18% 16
East Midlands +38 46 £475 +15.85% 13
South West -4 35 £421 -1.46% 13
North East +14 32 £400 -3.03% 5
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,417 (99.14%) Java
2 1,593 (65.34%) Agile Software Development
3 1,488 (61.03%) Spring
4 1,121 (45.98%) TDD
5 1,111 (45.57%) Microservices
6 961 (39.42%) Spring Boot
7 730 (29.94%) Docker
8 677 (27.77%) Hibernate
9 650 (26.66%) REST
10 642 (26.33%) Maven
11 570 (23.38%) Git (software)
12 562 (23.05%) RESTful
13 554 (22.72%) JavaScript
14 538 (22.07%) BDD
15 517 (21.21%) Amazon AWS
16 472 (19.36%) Scrum
17 459 (18.83%) Jenkins
18 451 (18.50%) DevOps
19 445 (18.25%) Web Services
20 404 (16.57%) Finance
21 388 (15.91%) Kafka
22 364 (14.93%) Test Automation
23 354 (14.52%) AngularJS
24 347 (14.23%) Greenfield Project
25 344 (14.11%) NoSQL
26 316 (12.96%) Continuous Integration
27 311 (12.76%) SQL
28 301 (12.35%) PostgreSQL
29 276 (11.32%) Software Engineering
30 270 (11.07%) JUnit

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 198 (8.12%) Elasticsearch
2 148 (6.07%) Confluence
3 120 (4.92%) Apache
4 106 (4.35%) Apache Spark
5 87 (3.57%) Tomcat
6 76 (3.12%) WebSphere
7 59 (2.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 53 (2.17%) MQSeries
9 50 (2.05%) WildFly
10 49 (2.01%) Mule
11 46 (1.89%) Apache Solr
12 43 (1.76%) Oracle Service Bus
13 30 (1.23%) WebLogic
14 27 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
15 24 (0.98%) JBoss
16 22 (0.90%) CMS
17 16 (0.66%) Jetty
18 15 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
19 10 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 10 (0.41%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (0.78%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (0.16%) Fredhopper
Cloud Services
1 517 (21.21%) Amazon AWS
2 108 (4.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 46 (1.89%) GitHub
4 44 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
5 43 (1.76%) Heroku
6 35 (1.44%) Google Cloud Platform
7 33 (1.35%) Amazon S3
8 31 (1.27%) Serverless
9 30 (1.23%) PaaS
10 26 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
11 22 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (0.74%) OpenShift
13 16 (0.66%) SaaS
14 11 (0.45%) Amazon Kinesis
15 10 (0.41%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 10 (0.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 9 (0.37%) npm
17 7 (0.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 7 (0.29%) BrowserStack
17 7 (0.29%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 73 (2.99%) HTTP
2 57 (2.34%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.56%) DNS
3 38 (1.56%) FTP
3 38 (1.56%) SSL
4 25 (1.03%) Kerberos
5 8 (0.33%) Internet
6 6 (0.25%) SMS
7 3 (0.12%) Cisco Nexus
7 3 (0.12%) DSL
8 2 (0.082%) FIX Connectivity
8 2 (0.082%) RTMP
8 2 (0.082%) Unified Communications
9 1 (0.041%) Broadband
9 1 (0.041%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.041%) OpenFlow
9 1 (0.041%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (14.11%) NoSQL
2 301 (12.35%) PostgreSQL
3 255 (10.46%) MongoDB
4 222 (9.11%) Relational Database
5 171 (7.01%) Apache Cassandra
6 169 (6.93%) Big Data
7 149 (6.11%) Hadoop
8 140 (5.74%) MySQL
8 140 (5.74%) RDBMS
9 91 (3.73%) SQL Server
10 84 (3.45%) HBase
11 79 (3.24%) Redis
12 57 (2.34%) Couchbase
13 48 (1.97%) Apache Hive
14 46 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 35 (1.44%) Oracle Database
16 24 (0.98%) Neo4j
17 15 (0.62%) Amazon Redshift
17 15 (0.62%) Riak
18 13 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 642 (26.33%) Maven
2 570 (23.38%) Git (software)
3 459 (18.83%) Jenkins
4 270 (11.07%) JUnit
5 259 (10.62%) JIRA
6 205 (8.41%) Gradle
7 175 (7.18%) Cucumber
8 168 (6.89%) Mockito
9 104 (4.27%) IntelliJ
10 97 (3.98%) Selenium
11 73 (2.99%) SonarQube
12 68 (2.79%) Liquibase
13 65 (2.67%) Checkstyle
13 65 (2.67%) Subversion
14 63 (2.58%) Vagrant
15 56 (2.30%) GitLab
16 47 (1.93%) Eclipse
17 35 (1.44%) gulp
18 26 (1.07%) JMeter
18 26 (1.07%) TeamCity
General
1 404 (16.57%) Finance
2 230 (9.43%) Banking
3 87 (3.57%) Games
4 82 (3.36%) Investment Banking
5 81 (3.32%) Front Office
6 65 (2.67%) Telecoms
7 64 (2.63%) Retail
8 46 (1.89%) Marketing
9 40 (1.64%) Electronics
10 37 (1.52%) Manufacturing
11 19 (0.78%) Publishing
12 9 (0.37%) Automotive
12 9 (0.37%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.33%) Law
13 8 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.25%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.21%) Back Office
16 4 (0.16%) Advertising
16 4 (0.16%) Legal
16 4 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,048 (84.00%) Developer
2 1,908 (78.26%) Java Developer
3 397 (16.28%) Senior Developer
4 371 (15.22%) Senior Java Developer
5 175 (7.18%) Java Engineer
6 135 (5.54%) Lead Developer
7 133 (5.46%) Lead Java Developer
8 131 (5.37%) Agile Developer
9 129 (5.29%) Full Stack Developer
10 117 (4.80%) Agile Java Developer
11 112 (4.59%) AWS Developer
12 86 (3.53%) Software Engineer
13 78 (3.20%) Angular Developer
13 78 (3.20%) Backend Developer
14 71 (2.91%) Java Software Engineer
15 68 (2.79%) Architect
15 68 (2.79%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 62 (2.54%) Senior Java Engineer
17 46 (1.89%) Senior Agile Developer
18 44 (1.80%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,488 (61.03%) Spring
2 961 (39.42%) Spring Boot
3 677 (27.77%) Hibernate
4 650 (26.66%) REST
5 562 (23.05%) RESTful
6 445 (18.25%) Web Services
7 388 (15.91%) Kafka
8 354 (14.52%) AngularJS
9 261 (10.71%) HTML
10 209 (8.57%) JMS
10 209 (8.57%) SOAP
11 207 (8.49%) CSS
12 198 (8.12%) React
13 193 (7.92%) Node.js
14 186 (7.63%) Apache Camel
15 171 (7.01%) JSON
16 155 (6.36%) Spring MVC
17 152 (6.23%) RabbitMQ
18 150 (6.15%) Dropwizard
19 149 (6.11%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 347 (14.23%) Greenfield Project
2 99 (4.06%) Fintech
3 72 (2.95%) Computer Science
4 55 (2.26%) Linux Command Line
4 55 (2.26%) User Experience
5 49 (2.01%) Algorithms
6 46 (1.89%) Fixed Income
7 42 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 38 (1.56%) Mobile App
9 37 (1.52%) Analytical Skills
10 34 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
11 26 (1.07%) Data Structures
11 26 (1.07%) Derivative
11 26 (1.07%) Equities
12 24 (0.98%) Public Cloud
13 18 (0.74%) Online Games
14 16 (0.66%) Cloud Native
15 12 (0.49%) Minimum Viable Product
16 11 (0.45%) Self-Motivation
16 11 (0.45%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 238 (9.76%) Linux
2 201 (8.24%) Unix
3 53 (2.17%) VMS
4 28 (1.15%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.41%) Android
5 10 (0.41%) Mac OS X
5 10 (0.41%) Windows
6 9 (0.37%) Ubuntu
7 8 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.25%) Solaris
9 4 (0.16%) HPUX
10 3 (0.12%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.082%) CentOS
11 2 (0.082%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.041%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.041%) Windows 2000
12 1 (0.041%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.041%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,593 (65.34%) Agile Software Development
2 1,121 (45.98%) TDD
3 1,111 (45.57%) Microservices
4 538 (22.07%) BDD
5 472 (19.36%) Scrum
6 451 (18.50%) DevOps
7 364 (14.93%) Test Automation
8 316 (12.96%) Continuous Integration
9 276 (11.32%) Software Engineering
10 267 (10.95%) OO
11 258 (10.58%) MVC
12 233 (9.56%) Kanban
13 206 (8.45%) Pair Programming
14 176 (7.22%) SOA
15 167 (6.85%) Multithreading
16 127 (5.21%) Open Source
17 126 (5.17%) Domain-Driven Design
18 123 (5.05%) Low Latency
19 117 (4.80%) Continuous Delivery
20 107 (4.39%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,417 (99.14%) Java
2 554 (22.72%) JavaScript
3 311 (12.76%) SQL
4 160 (6.56%) Scala
5 97 (3.98%) Java 9
6 89 (3.65%) Python
7 88 (3.61%) Groovy
8 79 (3.24%) ES6
9 53 (2.17%) JPQL
10 52 (2.13%) Kotlin
11 51 (2.09%) TypeScript
12 39 (1.60%) Shell Script
13 34 (1.39%) PL/SQL
14 28 (1.15%) Bash Shell
14 28 (1.15%) XPath
15 24 (0.98%) Ruby
16 20 (0.82%) Clojure
17 17 (0.70%) C#
17 17 (0.70%) Perl
18 15 (0.62%) PHP
Qualifications
1 204 (8.37%) Security Cleared
2 183 (7.51%) SC Cleared
3 74 (3.04%) Degree
4 43 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.37%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.16%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.16%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.12%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.082%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.082%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.041%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.041%) ISEB
10 1 (0.041%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.041%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.041%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.041%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (2.38%) QA
2 7 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
2 7 (0.29%) GCP
3 2 (0.082%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.041%) EMIR
4 1 (0.041%) GDPR
4 1 (0.041%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.041%) WAI
4 1 (0.041%) WCAG
System Software
1 730 (29.94%) Docker
2 30 (1.23%) HDFS
3 11 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.12%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.082%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.082%) vCloud
6 1 (0.041%) KVM
6 1 (0.041%) LXC
6 1 (0.041%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.041%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 260 (10.66%) Kubernetes
2 119 (4.88%) Ansible
3 118 (4.84%) Terraform
4 70 (2.87%) Puppet
5 55 (2.26%) Mesos
6 44 (1.80%) Marathon
7 29 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
8 28 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.86%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.66%) Consul
10 16 (0.66%) Grafana
11 14 (0.57%) Oozie
12 12 (0.49%) linkerd
13 10 (0.41%) Rancher
14 9 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
15 8 (0.33%) Kibana
15 8 (0.33%) logstash
16 4 (0.16%) ZABBIX
17 3 (0.12%) Istio
18 2 (0.082%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 262 (10.75%) Oracle
2 65 (2.67%) Google
3 48 (1.97%) WSO2
4 39 (1.60%) IBM
5 36 (1.48%) SAP
6 25 (1.03%) Atlassian
7 20 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (0.78%) ION Trading
9 15 (0.62%) Capita
10 14 (0.57%) Adobe
10 14 (0.57%) Hortonworks
10 14 (0.57%) Splunk
10 14 (0.57%) Sybase
11 13 (0.53%) Microsoft
11 13 (0.53%) Tableau
12 12 (0.49%) hybris
13 11 (0.45%) AppDynamics
13 11 (0.45%) Apple
13 11 (0.45%) Cloudera
13 11 (0.45%) TIBCO