Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 99 114 231
Rank change year-on-year +15 +117 +341
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,333 1,998 1,029
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.56% 2.16% 1.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.73% 5.10% 2.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,887 1,691 862
England median daily rate £538 £515 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.37% +3.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £385 £375
90th Percentile £663 £638 £630
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 0 1
England median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40,743 39,168 36,881
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.70% 42.41% 40.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,870 27,857 25,545
England median daily rate £480 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +11.76% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £294
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 603 700 786
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.75 £15.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 1,551 £550 +4.76% 270
South East +57 272 £500 +3.36% 74
North of England -11 246 £450 +9.09% 84
North West +31 124 £475 +15.15% 35
Midlands +18 119 £470 +25.33% 19
Yorkshire -44 106 £439 +7.01% 44
East of England +62 102 £525 - 27
West Midlands +18 93 £468 +38.52% 12
South West -32 44 £450 +9.09% 22
East Midlands -1 24 £488 +8.33% 7
North East +3 16 £400 -3.03% 5
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,325 (99.66%) Java
2 1,478 (63.35%) Agile Software Development
3 1,430 (61.29%) Spring
4 1,262 (54.09%) Microservices
5 1,019 (43.68%) TDD
6 1,014 (43.46%) Spring Boot
7 778 (33.35%) Docker
8 589 (25.25%) REST
9 584 (25.03%) Amazon AWS
10 568 (24.35%) Maven
11 561 (24.05%) Git (software)
11 561 (24.05%) Hibernate
12 560 (24.00%) RESTful
13 534 (22.89%) BDD
14 499 (21.39%) JavaScript
15 479 (20.53%) Jenkins
16 451 (19.33%) DevOps
17 449 (19.25%) Web Services
18 398 (17.06%) Finance
19 381 (16.33%) Scrum
20 352 (15.09%) Greenfield Project
21 346 (14.83%) Kafka
22 332 (14.23%) Test Automation
23 321 (13.76%) AngularJS
24 316 (13.54%) NoSQL
25 298 (12.77%) JUnit
26 295 (12.64%) Kubernetes
27 281 (12.04%) SQL
27 281 (12.04%) JIRA
28 257 (11.02%) Continuous Integration

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (8.02%) Confluence
2 185 (7.93%) Elasticsearch
3 100 (4.29%) Apache Spark
4 78 (3.34%) Apache
5 65 (2.79%) Tomcat
6 64 (2.74%) WebSphere
7 62 (2.66%) MQSeries
8 57 (2.44%) Mule
9 55 (2.36%) WildFly
10 52 (2.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 46 (1.97%) CMS
11 46 (1.97%) WebLogic
12 45 (1.93%) Oracle Service Bus
13 40 (1.71%) Apache Solr
14 24 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 16 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
15 16 (0.69%) JBoss
16 15 (0.64%) Documentum
17 11 (0.47%) Apache ServiceMix
17 11 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.086%) InVision
1 2 (0.086%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.043%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (0.69%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
3 4 (0.17%) Fredhopper
4 2 (0.086%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.043%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.043%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 584 (25.03%) Amazon AWS
2 110 (4.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 61 (2.61%) Serverless
4 51 (2.19%) Amazon SQS
5 50 (2.14%) Amazon EC2
5 50 (2.14%) Google Cloud Platform
6 49 (2.10%) AWS Lambda
7 47 (2.01%) GitHub
8 37 (1.59%) Amazon S3
9 29 (1.24%) PaaS
10 27 (1.16%) Heroku
11 26 (1.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 23 (0.99%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 22 (0.94%) CloudFront
14 18 (0.77%) Apigee
14 18 (0.77%) SaaS
15 14 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
16 13 (0.56%) OpenShift
17 10 (0.43%) npm
18 9 (0.39%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 63 (2.70%) HTTP
2 32 (1.37%) TCP/IP
3 31 (1.33%) SSL
4 29 (1.24%) DNS
5 25 (1.07%) FTP
6 18 (0.77%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.21%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.13%) AMQP
8 3 (0.13%) Cisco Nexus
8 3 (0.13%) Internet
8 3 (0.13%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.086%) FIX Connectivity
9 2 (0.086%) Skype
9 2 (0.086%) SSH
10 1 (0.043%) ATM
10 1 (0.043%) IPv6
10 1 (0.043%) OpenFlow
10 1 (0.043%) VLAN
10 1 (0.043%) VoIP
10 1 (0.043%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 316 (13.54%) NoSQL
2 256 (10.97%) MongoDB
3 237 (10.16%) PostgreSQL
4 212 (9.09%) Apache Cassandra
5 201 (8.62%) Relational Database
6 130 (5.57%) MySQL
7 122 (5.23%) Big Data
8 118 (5.06%) Hadoop
9 117 (5.02%) RDBMS
10 94 (4.03%) SQL Server
11 91 (3.90%) Redis
12 74 (3.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 73 (3.13%) Couchbase
14 68 (2.91%) HBase
15 42 (1.80%) Oracle Database
16 24 (1.03%) Riak
17 22 (0.94%) Hazelcast
18 21 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
18 21 (0.90%) Apache Hive
19 18 (0.77%) Impala
Development Applications
1 568 (24.35%) Maven
2 561 (24.05%) Git (software)
3 479 (20.53%) Jenkins
4 298 (12.77%) JUnit
5 281 (12.04%) JIRA
6 184 (7.89%) Gradle
7 154 (6.60%) Cucumber
8 135 (5.79%) Mockito
9 112 (4.80%) Selenium
10 103 (4.41%) IntelliJ
11 83 (3.56%) Subversion
12 73 (3.13%) SonarQube
13 68 (2.91%) Vagrant
14 67 (2.87%) Checkstyle
15 57 (2.44%) Liquibase
16 39 (1.67%) Spock
17 38 (1.63%) GitLab
18 35 (1.50%) Bitbucket
19 32 (1.37%) Gatling
20 31 (1.33%) gulp
General
1 398 (17.06%) Finance
2 254 (10.89%) Banking
3 101 (4.33%) Front Office
4 73 (3.13%) Retail
5 66 (2.83%) Games
6 62 (2.66%) Investment Banking
7 55 (2.36%) Telecoms
8 50 (2.14%) Marketing
9 33 (1.41%) Electronics
9 33 (1.41%) Manufacturing
10 18 (0.77%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.60%) Law
12 12 (0.51%) Back Office
13 9 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.26%) Legal
15 5 (0.21%) Advertising
15 5 (0.21%) Publishing
16 4 (0.17%) Wholesale Banking
17 3 (0.13%) Automotive
18 2 (0.086%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,950 (83.58%) Developer
2 1,784 (76.47%) Java Developer
3 335 (14.36%) Senior Developer
4 309 (13.24%) Senior Java Developer
5 200 (8.57%) AWS Developer
6 188 (8.06%) Java Engineer
7 152 (6.52%) Full Stack Developer
8 141 (6.04%) Agile Developer
9 130 (5.57%) Agile Java Developer
10 115 (4.93%) Lead Developer
11 110 (4.71%) Lead Java Developer
12 95 (4.07%) Backend Developer
13 84 (3.60%) Software Engineer
14 82 (3.51%) Angular Developer
15 71 (3.04%) React Developer
16 66 (2.83%) Java Software Engineer
17 54 (2.31%) JavaScript Developer
18 51 (2.19%) SC Cleared Java Developer
19 45 (1.93%) Team Leader
20 44 (1.89%) Java Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,430 (61.29%) Spring
2 1,014 (43.46%) Spring Boot
3 589 (25.25%) REST
4 561 (24.05%) Hibernate
5 560 (24.00%) RESTful
6 449 (19.25%) Web Services
7 346 (14.83%) Kafka
8 321 (13.76%) AngularJS
9 254 (10.89%) HTML
10 234 (10.03%) JMS
11 233 (9.99%) React
12 230 (9.86%) CSS
13 223 (9.56%) Node.js
14 182 (7.80%) JSON
15 170 (7.29%) Spring MVC
16 154 (6.60%) Apache Camel
17 148 (6.34%) SOAP
18 122 (5.23%) HTML5
19 106 (4.54%) RabbitMQ
20 92 (3.94%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 352 (15.09%) Greenfield Project
2 115 (4.93%) Fintech
3 61 (2.61%) Fixed Income
4 56 (2.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 51 (2.19%) Linux Command Line
6 40 (1.71%) User Experience
7 38 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
8 36 (1.54%) Data Structures
9 35 (1.50%) Algorithms
10 33 (1.41%) Mobile App
11 32 (1.37%) Derivative
12 31 (1.33%) Analytical Skills
13 30 (1.29%) Equities
14 29 (1.24%) Cloud Native
15 18 (0.77%) Grid Computing
16 14 (0.60%) Online Games
16 14 (0.60%) Public Cloud
17 13 (0.56%) iPad
17 13 (0.56%) Reference Data
18 12 (0.51%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 178 (7.63%) Linux
2 173 (7.42%) Unix
3 62 (2.66%) VMS
4 21 (0.90%) Apple iOS
5 11 (0.47%) Android
6 7 (0.30%) CentOS
7 6 (0.26%) Windows
8 4 (0.17%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.086%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.043%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.043%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,478 (63.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,262 (54.09%) Microservices
3 1,019 (43.68%) TDD
4 534 (22.89%) BDD
5 451 (19.33%) DevOps
6 381 (16.33%) Scrum
7 332 (14.23%) Test Automation
8 257 (11.02%) Continuous Integration
9 236 (10.12%) Software Engineering
10 230 (9.86%) MVC
11 224 (9.60%) OO
12 209 (8.96%) Pair Programming
13 191 (8.19%) Kanban
14 149 (6.39%) SOA
15 138 (5.92%) Multithreading
16 136 (5.83%) Domain-Driven Design
17 123 (5.27%) Open Source
18 110 (4.71%) Continuous Delivery
19 103 (4.41%) E-Commerce
20 99 (4.24%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,325 (99.66%) Java
2 499 (21.39%) JavaScript
3 281 (12.04%) SQL
4 154 (6.60%) Scala
5 99 (4.24%) Python
6 98 (4.20%) Java 9
7 75 (3.21%) ES6
8 52 (2.23%) JPQL
8 52 (2.23%) TypeScript
9 46 (1.97%) Groovy
10 43 (1.84%) Kotlin
11 37 (1.59%) Bash Shell
11 37 (1.59%) PHP
12 34 (1.46%) PL/SQL
13 22 (0.94%) Shell Script
14 20 (0.86%) C#
15 17 (0.73%) C
15 17 (0.73%) Clojure
16 14 (0.60%) Ruby
17 12 (0.51%) XPath
Qualifications
1 178 (7.63%) Security Cleared
2 146 (6.26%) SC Cleared
3 60 (2.57%) Degree
4 40 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (0.43%) DBS Check
7 4 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (0.17%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.13%) ISEB
8 3 (0.13%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.13%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.086%) OCA
9 2 (0.086%) OCAJ
9 2 (0.086%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.043%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.043%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.043%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (2.23%) QA
2 10 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.17%) PSD2
4 3 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
4 3 (0.13%) EMIR
4 3 (0.13%) MiFID
5 1 (0.043%) HL7
5 1 (0.043%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.043%) WAI
5 1 (0.043%) WCAG
System Software
1 778 (33.35%) Docker
2 24 (1.03%) HDFS
3 4 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.13%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.086%) vSphere
6 1 (0.043%) KVM
6 1 (0.043%) LXC
6 1 (0.043%) vCloud
6 1 (0.043%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 295 (12.64%) Kubernetes
2 136 (5.83%) Terraform
3 121 (5.19%) Ansible
4 66 (2.83%) Puppet
5 48 (2.06%) Mesos
6 45 (1.93%) Opscode Chef
7 32 (1.37%) Marathon
8 25 (1.07%) Docker Swarm
9 20 (0.86%) Prometheus
10 15 (0.64%) Kibana
10 15 (0.64%) logstash
11 12 (0.51%) Consul
11 12 (0.51%) Rancher
12 10 (0.43%) linkerd
13 8 (0.34%) Grafana
14 7 (0.30%) Istio
15 5 (0.21%) Packer
16 4 (0.17%) HP Fortify
16 4 (0.17%) ZABBIX
17 2 (0.086%) Nagios
Vendors
1 241 (10.33%) Oracle
2 65 (2.79%) Google
3 41 (1.76%) Atlassian
4 40 (1.71%) WSO2
5 39 (1.67%) IBM
6 35 (1.50%) SAP
7 25 (1.07%) Adobe
8 24 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
9 23 (0.99%) Pega
10 21 (0.90%) MuleSoft
11 17 (0.73%) ION Trading
11 17 (0.73%) Splunk
12 16 (0.69%) Sybase
13 10 (0.43%) AppDynamics
13 10 (0.43%) Cloudera
13 10 (0.43%) Microsoft
13 10 (0.43%) Red Hat
14 9 (0.39%) Apple
15 8 (0.34%) BEA
15 8 (0.34%) Informatica