Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 258 180 207
Rank change year-on-year -78 +27 -101
Contract jobs citing Java 8 752 554 857
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.08% 1.59% 1.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.79% 3.79% 3.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 580 407 644
10th Percentile £425 £397 £411
25th Percentile £500 £441 £458
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £580 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +16.00% -9.09% +2.33%
75th Percentile £688 £575 £610
90th Percentile £848 £641 £675
UK median daily rate £575 £500 £540
% change year-on-year +15.00% -7.41% +2.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 6
10th Percentile £48.94 £46.80 £43.75
25th Percentile £54.50 £54.00 -
Median hourly rate £56.50 £58.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.59% +26.09% -1.60%
75th Percentile £65.50 - -
90th Percentile £65.51 - £48.00
UK median hourly rate £62.25 £58.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +7.33% +26.09% -1.60%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,999 14,630 26,675
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 38.65% 42.01% 41.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,923 10,412 18,902
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £450 £390 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £482 £488
Median % change year-on-year +14.05% -1.08% +1.56%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £538 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +13.16% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 403 353 481
10th Percentile £19.52 £14.10 £16.50
25th Percentile £32.50 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -2.30% +2.35%
75th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £71.50 £58.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year +15.29% -1.16% +1.85%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -68 511 £625 +19.05% 132
North of England -90 55 £463 +2.78% 26
East of England -24 43 £574 +14.80% 6
South West -15 42 £498 +14.59% 11
South East -49 41 £519 +6.41% 10
North West -25 33 £430 -6.11% 19
Midlands -60 28 £515 +20.33% 12
West Midlands -51 21 £518 +20.91% 10
Yorkshire -85 15 £500 +11.11% 6
North East -7 7 £488 +5.41% 1
East Midlands -24 6 £515 -9.97% 2
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 734 (97.61%) Java
2 479 (63.70%) Agile Software Development
3 470 (62.50%) Spring
4 384 (51.06%) Microservices
5 348 (46.28%) Spring Boot
6 278 (36.97%) Git (software)
7 240 (31.91%) TDD
8 225 (29.92%) Java 11
9 222 (29.52%) Jenkins
10 212 (28.19%) CI/CD
11 197 (26.20%) Finance
12 192 (25.53%) SQL
12 192 (25.53%) Docker
13 189 (25.13%) Maven
14 188 (25.00%) AWS
15 173 (23.01%) Scrum
16 166 (22.07%) Oracle
17 165 (21.94%) REST
18 155 (20.61%) Banking
19 154 (20.48%) Kubernetes
20 150 (19.95%) BDD
21 147 (19.55%) DevOps
22 145 (19.28%) RESTful
23 126 (16.76%) Test Automation
24 123 (16.36%) Social Skills
25 117 (15.56%) JUnit
26 113 (15.03%) Multithreading
27 110 (14.63%) Linux
28 108 (14.36%) JIRA
29 107 (14.23%) Mockito

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (10.90%) Confluence
2 32 (4.26%) Tomcat
3 22 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
4 21 (2.79%) WebLogic
5 20 (2.66%) CMS
6 17 (2.26%) Apache
6 17 (2.26%) JBoss
7 14 (1.86%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 12 (1.60%) Apache Spark
9 11 (1.46%) Red Hat Fuse
10 10 (1.33%) Camunda
11 7 (0.93%) GemFire
11 7 (0.93%) OpenStack
11 7 (0.93%) Oracle Coherence
12 5 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.66%) Headless CMS
12 5 (0.66%) Magnolia
13 4 (0.53%) Apache ServiceMix
14 3 (0.40%) Mule ESB
14 3 (0.40%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.27%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 188 (25.00%) AWS
2 99 (13.16%) Azure
3 62 (8.24%) GitHub
4 56 (7.45%) Serverless
5 46 (6.12%) AWS Lambda
6 36 (4.79%) GCP
7 35 (4.65%) OpenShift
8 12 (1.60%) Azure Service Bus
9 11 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (1.33%) Apigee
11 8 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (0.93%) Amazon EKS
12 7 (0.93%) Amazon S3
13 6 (0.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 6 (0.80%) GitHub Actions
14 5 (0.66%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (0.66%) Datadog
15 4 (0.53%) Azure App Service
15 4 (0.53%) Azure Storage
15 4 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 28 (3.72%) HTTP
2 5 (0.66%) Kerberos
2 5 (0.66%) SSL
2 5 (0.66%) Wireshark
3 4 (0.53%) FTP
4 3 (0.40%) LAN
4 3 (0.40%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.13%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (11.97%) NoSQL
2 81 (10.77%) MySQL
3 72 (9.57%) Relational Database
4 59 (7.85%) PostgreSQL
5 49 (6.52%) MongoDB
5 49 (6.52%) Oracle Database
6 35 (4.65%) RDBMS
7 31 (4.12%) Redis
8 30 (3.99%) SQL Server
9 24 (3.19%) Hazelcast
10 21 (2.79%) BusinessObjects
11 18 (2.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 17 (2.26%) Apache Cassandra
13 15 (1.99%) InfluxDB
14 12 (1.60%) Couchbase
15 11 (1.46%) InterSystems Cache
16 10 (1.33%) SQL Server 2017
17 9 (1.20%) KDB
18 8 (1.06%) Hadoop
18 8 (1.06%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 278 (36.97%) Git (software)
2 222 (29.52%) Jenkins
3 189 (25.13%) Maven
4 117 (15.56%) JUnit
5 108 (14.36%) JIRA
6 107 (14.23%) Mockito
7 53 (7.05%) Cucumber
8 50 (6.65%) Gradle
9 38 (5.05%) Selenium
10 27 (3.59%) GitLab
11 26 (3.46%) Bitbucket
12 24 (3.19%) CircleCI
13 23 (3.06%) TeamCity
14 21 (2.79%) IntelliJ
15 19 (2.53%) Checkstyle
16 18 (2.39%) SonarQube
16 18 (2.39%) Sonatype Nexus
17 17 (2.26%) JMeter
17 17 (2.26%) Postman
18 12 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 197 (26.20%) Finance
2 155 (20.61%) Banking
3 123 (16.36%) Social Skills
4 80 (10.64%) Investment Banking
5 45 (5.98%) Public Sector
6 26 (3.46%) Retail
7 23 (3.06%) Front Office
8 21 (2.79%) Analytical Skills
9 11 (1.46%) Marketing
9 11 (1.46%) Presentation Skills
10 9 (1.20%) Documentation Skills
11 5 (0.66%) Law
11 5 (0.66%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.53%) Advertising
12 4 (0.53%) Games
12 4 (0.53%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.53%) Publishing
13 3 (0.40%) Automotive
13 3 (0.40%) Back Office
13 3 (0.40%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 625 (83.11%) Developer
2 547 (72.74%) Java Developer
3 180 (23.94%) Senior Developer
4 160 (21.28%) Senior Java Developer
5 51 (6.78%) Core Java Developer
5 51 (6.78%) Java Engineer
6 33 (4.39%) Backend Developer
7 31 (4.12%) Full Stack Developer
8 21 (2.79%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 20 (2.66%) Senior Java Engineer
9 20 (2.66%) Software Engineer
10 15 (1.99%) Senior Backend Developer
10 15 (1.99%) Software Developer
11 14 (1.86%) Architect
12 13 (1.73%) Java Software Developer
13 10 (1.33%) Consultant
13 10 (1.33%) Java Consultant
13 10 (1.33%) Senior Consultant
13 10 (1.33%) Senior Java Consultant
14 9 (1.20%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 470 (62.50%) Spring
2 348 (46.28%) Spring Boot
3 165 (21.94%) REST
4 145 (19.28%) RESTful
5 104 (13.83%) Hibernate
6 93 (12.37%) Web Services
7 89 (11.84%) Kafka
8 71 (9.44%) Apache Camel
9 70 (9.31%) JSON
10 69 (9.18%) React
11 62 (8.24%) AngularJS
11 62 (8.24%) JPA
12 54 (7.18%) XML
13 53 (7.05%) HTML
14 52 (6.91%) CSS
15 43 (5.72%) JMS
16 42 (5.59%) J2EE
17 40 (5.32%) SOAP
18 38 (5.05%) jQuery
19 35 (4.65%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 58 (7.71%) Algorithms
2 52 (6.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 48 (6.38%) Data Structures
4 39 (5.19%) Derivative
5 34 (4.52%) Greenfield Project
6 32 (4.26%) Data Protection Act
7 27 (3.59%) Hybrid Cloud
8 20 (2.66%) Mobile App
9 19 (2.53%) Credit Risk
10 14 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (1.60%) State Machine
12 10 (1.33%) Legacy Systems
12 10 (1.33%) Social Media
13 9 (1.20%) Cloud Native
13 9 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (1.06%) Client/Server
14 8 (1.06%) Fixed Income
14 8 (1.06%) N-Tier
15 7 (0.93%) Public Cloud
16 6 (0.80%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 110 (14.63%) Linux
2 67 (8.91%) Unix
3 12 (1.60%) Windows
4 11 (1.46%) Mac OS X
5 4 (0.53%) Android
5 4 (0.53%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.13%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 479 (63.70%) Agile Software Development
2 384 (51.06%) Microservices
3 240 (31.91%) TDD
4 212 (28.19%) CI/CD
5 173 (23.01%) Scrum
6 150 (19.95%) BDD
7 147 (19.55%) DevOps
8 126 (16.76%) Test Automation
9 113 (15.03%) Multithreading
10 100 (13.30%) Software Engineering
11 93 (12.37%) OO
11 93 (12.37%) Pair Programming
12 71 (9.44%) Full Stack Development
12 71 (9.44%) Problem-Solving
13 68 (9.04%) API Design
14 65 (8.64%) Kanban
15 57 (7.58%) Continuous Integration
16 56 (7.45%) API Development
17 51 (6.78%) OOD
17 51 (6.78%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 734 (97.61%) Java
2 225 (29.92%) Java 11
3 192 (25.53%) SQL
4 106 (14.10%) JavaScript
5 53 (7.05%) PL/SQL
6 47 (6.25%) Scala
7 45 (5.98%) Shell Script
8 33 (4.39%) Python
9 20 (2.66%) Kotlin
10 15 (1.99%) TypeScript
11 10 (1.33%) C++
11 10 (1.33%) T-SQL
12 9 (1.20%) Go
13 8 (1.06%) R
14 7 (0.93%) Bash
14 7 (0.93%) Groovy
15 5 (0.66%) C#
16 4 (0.53%) Apple Swift
16 4 (0.53%) PowerShell
16 4 (0.53%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 69 (9.18%) Security Cleared
2 66 (8.78%) SC Cleared
3 35 (4.65%) Degree
4 21 (2.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (2.66%) OCPJP
5 20 (2.66%) Sun Certification
6 11 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (1.06%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.53%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.13%) CFA
9 1 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.13%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.13%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.39%) QA
2 14 (1.86%) Accessibility
3 9 (1.20%) SLA
4 2 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 192 (25.53%) Docker
2 4 (0.53%) Platform Symphony
3 2 (0.27%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 154 (20.48%) Kubernetes
2 58 (7.71%) Ansible
3 38 (5.05%) Terraform
4 26 (3.46%) Kibana
5 13 (1.73%) logstash
6 12 (1.60%) Puppet
7 7 (0.93%) Graphite
8 6 (0.80%) Grafana
9 4 (0.53%) Marathon
9 4 (0.53%) Mesos
10 3 (0.40%) Consul
10 3 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.40%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.27%) Istio
11 2 (0.27%) Oozie
11 2 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 166 (22.07%) Oracle
2 25 (3.32%) Google
3 24 (3.19%) WSO2
4 21 (2.79%) Solace
4 21 (2.79%) webMethods
5 20 (2.66%) Informatica
5 20 (2.66%) Sun
6 18 (2.39%) BEA
7 15 (1.99%) Adobe
8 13 (1.73%) MuleSoft
9 12 (1.60%) Splunk
10 10 (1.33%) Red Hat
11 8 (1.06%) IBM
11 8 (1.06%) Microsoft
12 6 (0.80%) Atlassian
12 6 (0.80%) ION Trading
13 5 (0.66%) Pega
13 5 (0.66%) Talend
14 4 (0.53%) AppDynamics
14 4 (0.53%) New Relic