Period
to 19 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
19 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 114 110 203
Rank change year-on-year -4 +93 +151
Contract jobs citing Java 8 1,773 2,135 1,088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.13% 2.30% 1.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.93% 5.31% 3.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,369 1,787 865
England median daily rate £538 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.88% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £381 £372
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £528 £513 £498
% change year-on-year +2.93% +3.02% +4.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 2 0
England median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.22% - -
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 -
% change year-on-year +22.22% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,972 40,230 34,630
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.22% 43.31% 41.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,207 28,291 23,863
England median daily rate £485 £475 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +7.95% +3.53%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 598 726 756
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.88% -1.20% +7.10%
10th Percentile £18.09 £17.52 £17.00
90th Percentile £54.13 £52.50 £54.19
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% -3.61% +7.79%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 19 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 1,051 £563 +4.65% 181
North of England +8 233 £500 +17.65% 28
South East -2 228 £468 -0.53% 23
Yorkshire +5 137 £500 +17.65% 14
East of England +51 115 £525 - 7
North West +8 88 £475 +11.76% 13
Midlands -15 81 £475 +15.15% 12
South West -7 66 £475 +11.76% 4
West Midlands +4 59 £450 +20.00% 9
East Midlands -14 20 £600 +26.32% 3
North East +4 8 £538 +34.38% 1
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 19 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,769 (99.77%) Java
2 1,158 (65.31%) Agile Software Development
3 1,074 (60.58%) Spring
4 866 (48.84%) Microservices
5 812 (45.80%) TDD
6 720 (40.61%) Spring Boot
7 598 (33.73%) Docker
8 482 (27.19%) Amazon AWS
9 420 (23.69%) REST
10 397 (22.39%) BDD
11 396 (22.34%) RESTful
11 396 (22.34%) Git (software)
12 388 (21.88%) JavaScript
13 357 (20.14%) Jenkins
14 341 (19.23%) Scrum
15 337 (19.01%) DevOps
16 331 (18.67%) Kubernetes
17 326 (18.39%) Maven
18 321 (18.10%) Finance
19 294 (16.58%) AngularJS
20 276 (15.57%) Banking
20 276 (15.57%) Hibernate
20 276 (15.57%) Kafka
21 264 (14.89%) Linux
22 257 (14.50%) Test Automation
23 254 (14.33%) Web Services
24 243 (13.71%) HTML
25 234 (13.20%) MongoDB
26 228 (12.86%) Oracle
27 226 (12.75%) SQL

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (7.28%) Confluence
2 110 (6.20%) Elasticsearch
3 96 (5.41%) Apache
4 71 (4.00%) Mule
5 59 (3.33%) Oracle Service Bus
6 57 (3.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 54 (3.05%) Apache Spark
8 38 (2.14%) WebSphere
9 37 (2.09%) JBoss
10 31 (1.75%) Apache Solr
11 30 (1.69%) CMS
11 30 (1.69%) Tomcat
12 28 (1.58%) WebLogic
13 27 (1.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 21 (1.18%) Oracle Coherence
15 19 (1.07%) Magnolia
16 15 (0.85%) WildFly
17 14 (0.79%) MQSeries
18 12 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
19 10 (0.56%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.056%) Adobe XD
2 1 (0.056%) InVision
2 1 (0.056%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.056%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.23%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.17%) Infor M3
2 3 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.056%) Actimize
4 1 (0.056%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.056%) Fredhopper
4 1 (0.056%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 482 (27.19%) Amazon AWS
2 151 (8.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 58 (3.27%) GitHub
4 56 (3.16%) Serverless
5 54 (3.05%) Amazon SQS
6 53 (2.99%) AWS Lambda
7 48 (2.71%) Amazon S3
8 43 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
9 39 (2.20%) AWS CloudFormation
10 34 (1.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 33 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
12 24 (1.35%) OpenShift
13 23 (1.30%) AWS CloudTrail
14 22 (1.24%) Amazon Glacier
14 22 (1.24%) Slack
14 22 (1.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 18 (1.02%) Apigee
15 18 (1.02%) PaaS
16 12 (0.68%) Heroku
17 10 (0.56%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 39 (2.20%) HTTP
2 27 (1.52%) SSL
3 24 (1.35%) DNS
4 23 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 21 (1.18%) FTP
6 11 (0.62%) Kerberos
7 8 (0.45%) AMQP
8 5 (0.28%) DSL
9 4 (0.23%) ATM
9 4 (0.23%) SNMP
10 3 (0.17%) Internet
10 3 (0.17%) SSH
11 2 (0.11%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 234 (13.20%) MongoDB
2 217 (12.24%) NoSQL
3 176 (9.93%) PostgreSQL
4 116 (6.54%) Relational Database
5 112 (6.32%) Big Data
6 101 (5.70%) MySQL
7 89 (5.02%) Apache Cassandra
8 82 (4.62%) Hadoop
9 65 (3.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 58 (3.27%) SQL Server
11 55 (3.10%) Redis
12 51 (2.88%) Oracle Database
13 44 (2.48%) RDBMS
14 41 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
15 32 (1.80%) HBase
16 26 (1.47%) Hazelcast
17 22 (1.24%) Neo4j
18 19 (1.07%) Couchbase
19 18 (1.02%) Apache Ignite
20 11 (0.62%) Riak
Development Applications
1 396 (22.34%) Git (software)
2 357 (20.14%) Jenkins
3 326 (18.39%) Maven
4 220 (12.41%) JUnit
5 166 (9.36%) JIRA
5 166 (9.36%) Mockito
6 131 (7.39%) Cucumber
7 95 (5.36%) Selenium
8 85 (4.79%) Gradle
9 62 (3.50%) Sonatype Nexus
10 54 (3.05%) IntelliJ
10 54 (3.05%) Spock
11 47 (2.65%) Subversion
12 46 (2.59%) GitLab
13 36 (2.03%) SonarQube
13 36 (2.03%) Vagrant
14 27 (1.52%) Bitbucket
14 27 (1.52%) gulp
15 25 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 24 (1.35%) webpack
General
1 321 (18.10%) Finance
2 276 (15.57%) Banking
3 96 (5.41%) Marketing
4 69 (3.89%) Telecoms
5 68 (3.84%) Manufacturing
6 65 (3.67%) Electronics
7 64 (3.61%) Front Office
8 58 (3.27%) Investment Banking
9 43 (2.43%) Retail
10 18 (1.02%) Financial Institution
10 18 (1.02%) Legal
11 11 (0.62%) Games
12 10 (0.56%) Back Office
13 8 (0.45%) Law
13 8 (0.45%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.23%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.11%) Automotive
15 2 (0.11%) Billing
16 1 (0.056%) Local Government
16 1 (0.056%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,492 (84.15%) Developer
2 1,330 (75.01%) Java Developer
3 298 (16.81%) Senior Developer
4 279 (15.74%) Senior Java Developer
5 155 (8.74%) Full Stack Developer
6 120 (6.77%) Java Engineer
7 118 (6.66%) AWS Developer
8 76 (4.29%) Agile Developer
9 74 (4.17%) Agile Java Developer
10 63 (3.55%) Backend Developer
11 56 (3.16%) Lead Developer
12 53 (2.99%) Angular Developer
12 53 (2.99%) React Developer
13 49 (2.76%) Lead Java Developer
14 48 (2.71%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 42 (2.37%) Software Engineer
16 36 (2.03%) Java Software Engineer
16 36 (2.03%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 34 (1.92%) Architect
17 34 (1.92%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,074 (60.58%) Spring
2 720 (40.61%) Spring Boot
3 420 (23.69%) REST
4 396 (22.34%) RESTful
5 294 (16.58%) AngularJS
6 276 (15.57%) Hibernate
6 276 (15.57%) Kafka
7 254 (14.33%) Web Services
8 243 (13.71%) HTML
9 223 (12.58%) CSS
10 218 (12.30%) Node.js
11 193 (10.89%) React
12 179 (10.10%) JSON
13 166 (9.36%) SOAP
14 144 (8.12%) JMS
15 121 (6.82%) Apache Camel
16 108 (6.09%) HTML5
17 102 (5.75%) XML
18 100 (5.64%) JAX-RS
19 93 (5.25%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 197 (11.11%) Greenfield Project
2 91 (5.13%) Fintech
3 72 (4.06%) User Experience
4 55 (3.10%) Mobile App
5 52 (2.93%) Data Structures
5 52 (2.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 40 (2.26%) Virtual Team
7 34 (1.92%) Analytical Skills
8 33 (1.86%) Fixed Income
9 32 (1.80%) Algorithms
9 32 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
10 30 (1.69%) Derivative
11 22 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
12 20 (1.13%) Credit Risk
13 18 (1.02%) Hybrid Cloud
14 17 (0.96%) Cloud Native
15 15 (0.85%) Mobile Banking
16 10 (0.56%) Equities
16 10 (0.56%) Social Media
17 9 (0.51%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 264 (14.89%) Linux
2 155 (8.74%) Unix
3 53 (2.99%) Mac OS X
4 26 (1.47%) Apple iOS
5 25 (1.41%) VMS
6 15 (0.85%) Android
7 12 (0.68%) CentOS
8 11 (0.62%) Windows
9 9 (0.51%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.056%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.056%) Mesosphere
11 1 (0.056%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,158 (65.31%) Agile Software Development
2 866 (48.84%) Microservices
3 812 (45.80%) TDD
4 397 (22.39%) BDD
5 341 (19.23%) Scrum
6 337 (19.01%) DevOps
7 257 (14.50%) Test Automation
8 199 (11.22%) Continuous Integration
9 196 (11.05%) Pair Programming
10 178 (10.04%) Kanban
11 147 (8.29%) OO
12 140 (7.90%) Continuous Deployment
13 116 (6.54%) Software Engineering
14 113 (6.37%) Open Source
15 109 (6.15%) MVC
16 105 (5.92%) Continuous Delivery
17 98 (5.53%) Multithreading
18 93 (5.25%) SOA
18 93 (5.25%) Web Development
19 92 (5.19%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,769 (99.77%) Java
2 388 (21.88%) JavaScript
3 226 (12.75%) SQL
4 120 (6.77%) ES6
5 111 (6.26%) Python
6 81 (4.57%) Bash Shell
7 78 (4.40%) Scala
8 46 (2.59%) TypeScript
9 36 (2.03%) Ruby
10 33 (1.86%) PL/SQL
11 30 (1.69%) Kotlin
12 29 (1.64%) C
13 27 (1.52%) Java 9
14 23 (1.30%) PHP
15 17 (0.96%) Apple Swift
15 17 (0.96%) ES7
16 14 (0.79%) C++
17 13 (0.73%) C#
17 13 (0.73%) Groovy
17 13 (0.73%) XPath
Qualifications
1 161 (9.08%) Security Cleared
2 124 (6.99%) SC Cleared
3 46 (2.59%) Degree
4 33 (1.86%) BPSS Clearance
5 22 (1.24%) CTC Cleared
6 18 (1.02%) DBS Check
7 15 (0.85%) DV Cleared
8 14 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.28%) ISEB
9 5 (0.28%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.17%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.11%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.11%) OCA
11 2 (0.11%) OCAJ
11 2 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
11 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.056%) Master's Degree
12 1 (0.056%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (4.12%) QA
2 22 (1.24%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.73%) Disclosure Scotland
4 11 (0.62%) PSD2
5 5 (0.28%) HL7
6 3 (0.17%) SLA
7 2 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.11%) EMIR
7 2 (0.11%) MiFID
System Software
1 598 (33.73%) Docker
2 13 (0.73%) HDFS
3 4 (0.23%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.17%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.056%) Postfix
6 1 (0.056%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.056%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 331 (18.67%) Kubernetes
2 130 (7.33%) Ansible
3 120 (6.77%) Terraform
4 60 (3.38%) Puppet
5 39 (2.20%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (1.24%) logstash
7 20 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
7 20 (1.13%) Mesos
8 17 (0.96%) Kibana
9 14 (0.79%) Marathon
10 10 (0.56%) Rancher
11 8 (0.45%) Nagios
12 7 (0.39%) Consul
12 7 (0.39%) Prometheus
12 7 (0.39%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 5 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (0.28%) linkerd
15 4 (0.23%) Istio
16 3 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 228 (12.86%) Oracle
2 67 (3.78%) SAP
3 57 (3.21%) WSO2
4 34 (1.92%) Google
5 31 (1.75%) Talend
6 28 (1.58%) Adobe
7 25 (1.41%) Atlassian
7 25 (1.41%) MuleSoft
8 23 (1.30%) Splunk
9 20 (1.13%) AppDynamics
10 19 (1.07%) IBM
11 13 (0.73%) Red Hat
11 13 (0.73%) Zend
12 11 (0.62%) Sybase
13 10 (0.56%) hybris
13 10 (0.56%) Microsoft
13 10 (0.56%) Pega
14 9 (0.51%) Hortonworks
15 7 (0.39%) HP
15 7 (0.39%) SaltStack