Period
to 14 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
14 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 192 95 119
Rank change year-on-year -97 +24 +128
Contract jobs citing Java 8 981 2,570 2,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.36% 2.68% 2.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.28% 5.94% 5.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 757 2,104 1,717
England median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +7.69%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £388
90th Percentile £680 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £540 £525 £513
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 0
England median hourly rate £38.75 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.71% - -
UK median hourly rate £38.75 £35.00 -
% change year-on-year +10.71% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,930 43,297 40,170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.47% 45.11% 42.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,833 30,828 28,460
England median daily rate £488 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.15% +9.41%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 583 631 728
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.19 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.11% +5.48% +2.56%
10th Percentile £16.80 £17.50 £16.34
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.33
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +1.27%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 14 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -63 648 £550 - 282
North of England -43 155 £475 +5.56% 25
South East -71 104 £500 - 26
Yorkshire +16 96 £500 +14.29% 11
North West -61 54 £438 -6.67% 8
South West +11 43 £413 -8.33% 15
Midlands -33 23 £500 +6.95% 26
East Midlands +21 16 £519 +18.57% 6
West Midlands -48 7 £500 +6.95% 20
East of England -68 6 £438 -16.67% 12
North East +12 4 £388 -6.06% 6
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 14 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 968 (98.67%) Java
2 639 (65.14%) Agile Software Development
3 627 (63.91%) Spring
4 512 (52.19%) Microservices
5 405 (41.28%) TDD
6 403 (41.08%) Spring Boot
7 343 (34.96%) Docker
8 282 (28.75%) AWS
9 237 (24.16%) REST
10 234 (23.85%) JavaScript
11 223 (22.73%) Jenkins
12 222 (22.63%) Git (software)
13 210 (21.41%) BDD
14 203 (20.69%) DevOps
15 196 (19.98%) Scrum
16 188 (19.16%) AngularJS
17 185 (18.86%) Kafka
18 175 (17.84%) Maven
19 169 (17.23%) Kubernetes
20 162 (16.51%) RESTful
21 156 (15.90%) JUnit
22 154 (15.70%) React
23 150 (15.29%) Finance
24 146 (14.88%) Test Automation
25 133 (13.56%) Pair Programming
26 126 (12.84%) Linux
27 123 (12.54%) SQL
28 117 (11.93%) Banking
28 117 (11.93%) Node.js
29 113 (11.52%) Hibernate

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (7.54%) Confluence
2 52 (5.30%) Elasticsearch
3 32 (3.26%) Apache
4 24 (2.45%) JBoss
5 20 (2.04%) Tomcat
6 10 (1.02%) Camunda
7 9 (0.92%) CMS
8 8 (0.82%) Apache Spark
8 8 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
8 8 (0.82%) Magnolia
9 6 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 5 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
10 5 (0.51%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.41%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.31%) GeoServer
12 3 (0.31%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.31%) WildFly
13 2 (0.20%) Headless CMS
13 2 (0.20%) Jetty
13 2 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (0.20%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.10%) CSG Singleview
2 1 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 282 (28.75%) AWS
2 91 (9.28%) Azure
3 29 (2.96%) Serverless
4 28 (2.85%) GitHub
5 27 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
6 21 (2.14%) OpenShift
7 20 (2.04%) GCP
8 17 (1.73%) Amazon S3
9 15 (1.53%) Amazon SQS
10 14 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
11 12 (1.22%) npm
12 11 (1.12%) PaaS
13 8 (0.82%) Amazon Kinesis
14 7 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
15 6 (0.61%) Slack
16 5 (0.51%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 4 (0.41%) Amazon ELB
17 4 (0.41%) SaaS
17 4 (0.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 3 (0.31%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.14%) FTP
2 12 (1.22%) HTTP
2 12 (1.22%) SSL
3 10 (1.02%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.92%) DNS
5 6 (0.61%) DSL
6 3 (0.31%) Ethernet
6 3 (0.31%) Internet
6 3 (0.31%) IPv4
6 3 (0.31%) IPv6
6 3 (0.31%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.20%) SSH
8 1 (0.10%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (10.19%) MongoDB
2 72 (7.34%) PostgreSQL
3 68 (6.93%) NoSQL
4 62 (6.32%) MySQL
5 48 (4.89%) Relational Database
6 37 (3.77%) Hadoop
7 30 (3.06%) SQL Server
8 29 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
9 27 (2.75%) RDBMS
10 22 (2.24%) Big Data
11 21 (2.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 17 (1.73%) Oracle Database
12 17 (1.73%) Redis
13 11 (1.12%) HBase
14 8 (0.82%) Amazon RDS
14 8 (0.82%) InfluxDB
15 7 (0.71%) Neo4j
15 7 (0.71%) Pentaho
16 4 (0.41%) Amazon Redshift
16 4 (0.41%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 223 (22.73%) Jenkins
2 222 (22.63%) Git (software)
3 175 (17.84%) Maven
4 156 (15.90%) JUnit
5 109 (11.11%) Mockito
6 106 (10.81%) JIRA
7 95 (9.68%) Cucumber
8 66 (6.73%) Gradle
9 54 (5.50%) Selenium
10 32 (3.26%) Bitbucket
10 32 (3.26%) IntelliJ
11 31 (3.16%) Spock
12 24 (2.45%) GitLab
12 24 (2.45%) TeamCity
13 21 (2.14%) WebDriver
14 17 (1.73%) SonarQube
15 16 (1.63%) JMeter
16 15 (1.53%) Eclipse
16 15 (1.53%) Sonatype Nexus
17 12 (1.22%) Gatling
General
1 150 (15.29%) Finance
2 117 (11.93%) Banking
3 45 (4.59%) Public Sector
4 29 (2.96%) Investment Banking
5 24 (2.45%) Marketing
6 21 (2.14%) Front Office
7 12 (1.22%) Games
7 12 (1.22%) Retail
8 8 (0.82%) Financial Institution
8 8 (0.82%) Telecoms
9 7 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
10 6 (0.61%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.51%) Electronics
11 5 (0.51%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.41%) Advertising
13 3 (0.31%) Publishing
14 2 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
15 1 (0.10%) Law
15 1 (0.10%) Legal
15 1 (0.10%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 858 (87.46%) Developer
2 737 (75.13%) Java Developer
3 142 (14.48%) Senior Developer
4 128 (13.05%) Full Stack Developer
5 116 (11.82%) Senior Java Developer
6 95 (9.68%) AWS Developer
7 71 (7.24%) React Developer
8 63 (6.42%) Java Engineer
9 57 (5.81%) Backend Developer
10 49 (4.99%) Agile Developer
10 49 (4.99%) Agile Java Developer
11 43 (4.38%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 40 (4.08%) Java Developer - Fintech
13 33 (3.36%) Software Engineer
14 27 (2.75%) Angular Developer
15 24 (2.45%) Java Software Engineer
16 23 (2.34%) JavaScript Developer
16 23 (2.34%) Senior Java Engineer
17 22 (2.24%) AWS Engineer
18 20 (2.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 627 (63.91%) Spring
2 403 (41.08%) Spring Boot
3 237 (24.16%) REST
4 188 (19.16%) AngularJS
5 185 (18.86%) Kafka
6 162 (16.51%) RESTful
7 154 (15.70%) React
8 117 (11.93%) Node.js
9 113 (11.52%) Hibernate
10 109 (11.11%) Web Services
11 104 (10.60%) HTML
12 93 (9.48%) JSON
13 87 (8.87%) CSS
14 62 (6.32%) JPA
15 53 (5.40%) SOAP
16 52 (5.30%) HTML5
16 52 (5.30%) RabbitMQ
17 42 (4.28%) Spring Cloud
18 33 (3.36%) JMS
19 32 (3.26%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 109 (11.11%) Greenfield Project
2 46 (4.69%) Algorithms
3 35 (3.57%) Data Structures
4 31 (3.16%) User Experience
5 27 (2.75%) Virtual Team
6 26 (2.65%) Analytical Skills
7 18 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
7 18 (1.83%) Equities
8 17 (1.73%) Derivative
8 17 (1.73%) Mobile App
9 14 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
10 13 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 9 (0.92%) Mobile Banking
12 8 (0.82%) Grid Computing
13 7 (0.71%) Cloud Native
13 7 (0.71%) Equity Derivative
13 7 (0.71%) Fixed Income
13 7 (0.71%) Online Games
14 6 (0.61%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 126 (12.84%) Linux
2 82 (8.36%) Unix
3 18 (1.83%) Mac OS X
4 13 (1.33%) Apple iOS
5 11 (1.12%) Android
6 4 (0.41%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.31%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.20%) CentOS
9 1 (0.10%) AIX
9 1 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.10%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 639 (65.14%) Agile Software Development
2 512 (52.19%) Microservices
3 405 (41.28%) TDD
4 210 (21.41%) BDD
5 203 (20.69%) DevOps
6 196 (19.98%) Scrum
7 146 (14.88%) Test Automation
8 133 (13.56%) Pair Programming
9 101 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
10 98 (9.99%) Open Source
11 97 (9.89%) OO
12 88 (8.97%) Software Engineering
13 85 (8.66%) Continuous Delivery
14 66 (6.73%) Kanban
15 60 (6.12%) Fintech
16 58 (5.91%) Mentoring
17 54 (5.50%) Problem-Solving
18 48 (4.89%) Multithreading
19 46 (4.69%) Continuous Deployment
20 44 (4.49%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 968 (98.67%) Java
2 234 (23.85%) JavaScript
3 123 (12.54%) SQL
4 81 (8.26%) ES6
5 56 (5.71%) TypeScript
6 40 (4.08%) Python
7 38 (3.87%) Kotlin
8 25 (2.55%) Scala
9 24 (2.45%) Bash Shell
9 24 (2.45%) Shell Script
10 20 (2.04%) Groovy
11 18 (1.83%) C#
12 16 (1.63%) Ruby
13 12 (1.22%) C
13 12 (1.22%) PL/SQL
14 11 (1.12%) C++
15 10 (1.02%) Apple Swift
16 9 (0.92%) Clojure
16 9 (0.92%) Haskell
17 8 (0.82%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 112 (11.42%) Security Cleared
2 98 (9.99%) SC Cleared
3 35 (3.57%) Degree
4 18 (1.83%) BPSS Clearance
5 17 (1.73%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.61%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.51%) CTC Cleared
7 5 (0.51%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.31%) ISEB
8 3 (0.31%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.20%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.20%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.10%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (2.45%) QA
2 5 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.41%) SEPA
4 1 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.10%) EMIR
4 1 (0.10%) GDPR
4 1 (0.10%) MiFID
4 1 (0.10%) PMO
4 1 (0.10%) SLA
System Software
1 343 (34.96%) Docker
2 2 (0.20%) HDFS
3 1 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 169 (17.23%) Kubernetes
2 63 (6.42%) Terraform
3 36 (3.67%) Ansible
4 16 (1.63%) Kibana
4 16 (1.63%) Puppet
5 11 (1.12%) Grafana
6 10 (1.02%) Consul
7 9 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
8 7 (0.71%) linkerd
8 7 (0.71%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.61%) logstash
10 4 (0.41%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.31%) Mesos
12 2 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
12 2 (0.20%) Rancher
13 1 (0.10%) Graphite
13 1 (0.10%) Marathon
13 1 (0.10%) Salt
Vendors
1 62 (6.32%) Oracle
2 20 (2.04%) Google
3 19 (1.94%) Atlassian
4 15 (1.53%) Splunk
5 12 (1.22%) Red Hat
6 11 (1.12%) MuleSoft
7 10 (1.02%) AppDynamics
8 9 (0.92%) Adobe
9 8 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
10 6 (0.61%) New Relic
10 6 (0.61%) WSO2
11 5 (0.51%) IBM
11 5 (0.51%) SAP
12 4 (0.41%) PayPal
12 4 (0.41%) Sybase
13 3 (0.31%) Apple
13 3 (0.31%) Zend
14 2 (0.20%) CA Agile Central
14 2 (0.20%) hybris
14 2 (0.20%) Twitter