Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 91 116 276
Rank change year-on-year +25 +160 +372
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,621 2,000 946
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.75% 2.11% 0.97%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.11% 4.99% 2.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,173 1,663 805
England median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £413 £388 £375
90th Percentile £650 £650 £613
UK median daily rate £525 £520 £475
% change year-on-year +0.96% +9.47% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 1 1
England median hourly rate £38.29 £47.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.40% -5.00% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £46.25 £47.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £48.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £37.89 £47.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -20.23% -5.00% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,875 40,067 39,389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 45.06% 42.23% 40.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,547 28,246 27,280
England median daily rate £475 £460 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +8.24% +3.66%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 622 756 814
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +0.13%
10th Percentile £17.28 £16.25 £14.52
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £41.73 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.32% +6.67% +0.13%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 1,715 £550 +2.33% 365
North of England +47 334 £450 +5.88% 80
South East +51 281 £500 - 75
North West +42 174 £475 +5.56% 59
Yorkshire -3 134 £438 +5.74% 16
East of England +89 131 £525 - 18
Midlands +37 117 £450 +12.50% 27
West Midlands +23 94 £450 +20.00% 23
South West -10 43 £450 +7.14% 24
North East +18 26 £413 - 5
East Midlands +13 22 £413 -5.54% 4
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,601 (99.24%) Java
2 1,686 (64.33%) Agile Software Development
3 1,593 (60.78%) Spring
4 1,333 (50.86%) Microservices
5 1,155 (44.07%) TDD
6 1,104 (42.12%) Spring Boot
7 838 (31.97%) Docker
8 685 (26.14%) Hibernate
9 683 (26.06%) REST
10 664 (25.33%) Maven
11 621 (23.69%) Git (software)
12 620 (23.66%) RESTful
13 613 (23.39%) Amazon AWS
14 572 (21.82%) BDD
15 562 (21.44%) JavaScript
16 538 (20.53%) Jenkins
17 521 (19.88%) DevOps
18 496 (18.92%) Web Services
19 454 (17.32%) Scrum
20 432 (16.48%) Finance
21 419 (15.99%) Kafka
22 389 (14.84%) Greenfield Project
23 362 (13.81%) Test Automation
24 356 (13.58%) AngularJS
25 349 (13.32%) NoSQL
26 325 (12.40%) SQL
27 320 (12.21%) JIRA
28 311 (11.87%) JUnit
29 295 (11.26%) Continuous Integration
30 289 (11.03%) Kubernetes

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (7.75%) Confluence
2 200 (7.63%) Elasticsearch
3 115 (4.39%) Apache Spark
4 92 (3.51%) Apache
5 70 (2.67%) MQSeries
5 70 (2.67%) Tomcat
6 69 (2.63%) WildFly
7 64 (2.44%) Mule
7 64 (2.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 63 (2.40%) WebSphere
9 51 (1.95%) Apache Solr
10 49 (1.87%) Oracle Service Bus
11 37 (1.41%) CMS
12 31 (1.18%) WebLogic
13 22 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
14 21 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 20 (0.76%) JBoss
16 11 (0.42%) Apache ServiceMix
16 11 (0.42%) Documentum
17 9 (0.34%) Jetty
Applications
1 2 (0.076%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.038%) InVision
2 1 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (0.72%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
3 4 (0.15%) Fredhopper
3 4 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.038%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.038%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 613 (23.39%) Amazon AWS
2 118 (4.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 57 (2.17%) GitHub
4 55 (2.10%) Google Cloud Platform
5 54 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
5 54 (2.06%) Serverless
6 47 (1.79%) Amazon SQS
7 41 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
8 36 (1.37%) Amazon S3
9 35 (1.34%) PaaS
10 29 (1.11%) Heroku
11 23 (0.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 22 (0.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 22 (0.84%) SaaS
13 20 (0.76%) CloudFront
14 18 (0.69%) OpenShift
15 13 (0.50%) Amazon Kinesis
15 13 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
16 12 (0.46%) npm
17 11 (0.42%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.52%) HTTP
2 38 (1.45%) TCP/IP
3 30 (1.14%) DNS
3 30 (1.14%) SSL
4 27 (1.03%) FTP
4 27 (1.03%) Kerberos
5 5 (0.19%) Internet
6 4 (0.15%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.15%) SMS
7 3 (0.11%) Cisco Nexus
7 3 (0.11%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.076%) FIX Connectivity
8 2 (0.076%) Skype
9 1 (0.038%) AMQP
9 1 (0.038%) IPv6
9 1 (0.038%) OpenFlow
9 1 (0.038%) RTMP
9 1 (0.038%) VLAN
9 1 (0.038%) VoIP
9 1 (0.038%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 349 (13.32%) NoSQL
2 282 (10.76%) PostgreSQL
3 279 (10.64%) MongoDB
4 232 (8.85%) Relational Database
5 226 (8.62%) Apache Cassandra
6 169 (6.45%) Big Data
7 156 (5.95%) RDBMS
8 153 (5.84%) Hadoop
9 143 (5.46%) MySQL
10 93 (3.55%) HBase
11 87 (3.32%) SQL Server
12 86 (3.28%) Redis
13 75 (2.86%) Couchbase
14 71 (2.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 37 (1.41%) Oracle Database
16 35 (1.34%) Apache Hive
17 27 (1.03%) Riak
18 17 (0.65%) Amazon Redshift
19 16 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
19 16 (0.61%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 664 (25.33%) Maven
2 621 (23.69%) Git (software)
3 538 (20.53%) Jenkins
4 320 (12.21%) JIRA
5 311 (11.87%) JUnit
6 199 (7.59%) Gradle
7 170 (6.49%) Cucumber
8 159 (6.07%) Mockito
9 131 (5.00%) IntelliJ
10 113 (4.31%) Selenium
11 95 (3.62%) SonarQube
12 87 (3.32%) Checkstyle
12 87 (3.32%) Vagrant
13 83 (3.17%) Liquibase
14 69 (2.63%) Subversion
15 46 (1.76%) GitLab
16 43 (1.64%) Eclipse
17 37 (1.41%) Bitbucket
18 32 (1.22%) gulp
19 30 (1.14%) Gatling
General
1 432 (16.48%) Finance
2 250 (9.54%) Banking
3 90 (3.43%) Front Office
3 90 (3.43%) Games
4 80 (3.05%) Investment Banking
5 76 (2.90%) Retail
6 72 (2.75%) Telecoms
7 58 (2.21%) Marketing
8 43 (1.64%) Manufacturing
9 42 (1.60%) Electronics
10 14 (0.53%) Financial Institution
11 11 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
11 11 (0.42%) Publishing
12 10 (0.38%) Law
13 8 (0.31%) Automotive
14 7 (0.27%) Back Office
15 6 (0.23%) Advertising
15 6 (0.23%) Legal
16 4 (0.15%) Wholesale Banking
17 2 (0.076%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,215 (84.51%) Developer
2 2,044 (77.99%) Java Developer
3 400 (15.26%) Senior Developer
4 367 (14.00%) Senior Java Developer
5 190 (7.25%) AWS Developer
6 182 (6.94%) Java Engineer
7 162 (6.18%) Full Stack Developer
8 157 (5.99%) Agile Developer
9 144 (5.49%) Lead Developer
10 143 (5.46%) Lead Java Developer
11 142 (5.42%) Agile Java Developer
12 108 (4.12%) Backend Developer
13 89 (3.40%) Software Engineer
14 83 (3.17%) Angular Developer
15 77 (2.94%) React Developer
16 76 (2.90%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 68 (2.59%) Java Software Engineer
18 57 (2.17%) JavaScript Developer
19 55 (2.10%) Senior Java Engineer
20 50 (1.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,593 (60.78%) Spring
2 1,104 (42.12%) Spring Boot
3 685 (26.14%) Hibernate
4 683 (26.06%) REST
5 620 (23.66%) RESTful
6 496 (18.92%) Web Services
7 419 (15.99%) Kafka
8 356 (13.58%) AngularJS
9 261 (9.96%) HTML
10 255 (9.73%) JMS
11 254 (9.69%) React
12 243 (9.27%) Node.js
13 221 (8.43%) CSS
14 198 (7.55%) JSON
15 185 (7.06%) Apache Camel
16 179 (6.83%) SOAP
17 175 (6.68%) Spring MVC
18 138 (5.27%) HTML5
19 126 (4.81%) RabbitMQ
20 118 (4.50%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 389 (14.84%) Greenfield Project
2 121 (4.62%) Fintech
3 72 (2.75%) Linux Command Line
4 68 (2.59%) Computer Science
5 55 (2.10%) Fixed Income
6 49 (1.87%) Algorithms
6 49 (1.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 48 (1.83%) User Experience
8 41 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
9 39 (1.49%) Equities
10 37 (1.41%) Mobile App
11 28 (1.07%) Data Structures
12 26 (0.99%) Analytical Skills
13 25 (0.95%) Cloud Native
14 24 (0.92%) Derivative
15 20 (0.76%) Online Games
16 16 (0.61%) Grid Computing
17 15 (0.57%) Public Cloud
18 14 (0.53%) Wiki
19 12 (0.46%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 206 (7.86%) Linux
2 199 (7.59%) Unix
3 76 (2.90%) VMS
4 25 (0.95%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.38%) Windows
6 8 (0.31%) Android
7 7 (0.27%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.11%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.076%) Solaris
10 1 (0.038%) CentOS
10 1 (0.038%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.038%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,686 (64.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1,333 (50.86%) Microservices
3 1,155 (44.07%) TDD
4 572 (21.82%) BDD
5 521 (19.88%) DevOps
6 454 (17.32%) Scrum
7 362 (13.81%) Test Automation
8 295 (11.26%) Continuous Integration
9 280 (10.68%) Software Engineering
10 259 (9.88%) OO
11 251 (9.58%) MVC
12 220 (8.39%) Kanban
13 216 (8.24%) Pair Programming
14 198 (7.55%) SOA
15 158 (6.03%) Domain-Driven Design
16 152 (5.80%) Multithreading
17 150 (5.72%) Open Source
18 127 (4.85%) Continuous Delivery
19 113 (4.31%) Mentoring
20 108 (4.12%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 2,601 (99.24%) Java
2 562 (21.44%) JavaScript
3 325 (12.40%) SQL
4 167 (6.37%) Scala
5 110 (4.20%) Java 9
6 100 (3.82%) Python
7 84 (3.20%) ES6
8 73 (2.79%) JPQL
9 69 (2.63%) Groovy
10 55 (2.10%) TypeScript
11 47 (1.79%) Kotlin
12 34 (1.30%) PL/SQL
13 29 (1.11%) PHP
14 24 (0.92%) Bash Shell
14 24 (0.92%) Shell Script
15 23 (0.88%) XPath
16 18 (0.69%) C#
17 15 (0.57%) Clojure
18 13 (0.50%) Ruby
19 12 (0.46%) Go
Qualifications
1 221 (8.43%) Security Cleared
2 191 (7.29%) SC Cleared
3 68 (2.59%) Degree
4 50 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (1.22%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.34%) DBS Check
7 5 (0.19%) Master's Degree
8 4 (0.15%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.15%) BC Cleared
8 4 (0.15%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.15%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.11%) ISEB
10 1 (0.038%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.038%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.038%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.038%) SAFe Agilist
10 1 (0.038%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.038%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (2.33%) QA
2 9 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
3 3 (0.11%) EMIR
3 3 (0.11%) MiFID
4 1 (0.038%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.038%) WAI
4 1 (0.038%) WCAG
System Software
1 838 (31.97%) Docker
2 31 (1.18%) HDFS
3 8 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.11%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.076%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.076%) vCloud
5 2 (0.076%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.038%) KVM
6 1 (0.038%) LXC
6 1 (0.038%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.038%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 289 (11.03%) Kubernetes
2 147 (5.61%) Terraform
3 135 (5.15%) Ansible
4 70 (2.67%) Puppet
5 50 (1.91%) Mesos
6 39 (1.49%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (1.45%) Marathon
8 25 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
9 16 (0.61%) Consul
9 16 (0.61%) Prometheus
10 12 (0.46%) linkerd
11 10 (0.38%) Grafana
12 8 (0.31%) Kibana
12 8 (0.31%) logstash
12 8 (0.31%) Rancher
13 6 (0.23%) Oozie
14 4 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.15%) Istio
14 4 (0.15%) ZABBIX
15 2 (0.076%) Packer
Vendors
1 259 (9.88%) Oracle
2 77 (2.94%) Google
3 52 (1.98%) WSO2
4 43 (1.64%) SAP
5 35 (1.34%) Atlassian
6 30 (1.14%) IBM
7 25 (0.95%) Adobe
8 23 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
9 20 (0.76%) ION Trading
9 20 (0.76%) MuleSoft
10 17 (0.65%) Pega
11 15 (0.57%) Splunk
12 11 (0.42%) Microsoft
12 11 (0.42%) Sybase
12 11 (0.42%) Tableau
13 10 (0.38%) AppDynamics
13 10 (0.38%) Apple
13 10 (0.38%) Cloudera
13 10 (0.38%) Kony
13 10 (0.38%) Red Hat