Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 192 123 138
Rank change year-on-year -69 +15 -29
Contract jobs citing Java 8 814 665 1,644
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.44% 1.99% 1.96%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.54% 4.76% 4.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 576 497 1,294
10th Percentile £419 £400 £425
25th Percentile £475 £458 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +7.32%
75th Percentile £643 £599 £613
90th Percentile £713 £638 £675
UK median daily rate £545 £520 £538
% change year-on-year +4.81% -3.26% +4.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 5 9
10th Percentile £56.50 £38.15 £48.25
25th Percentile £61.50 £38.76 £52.50
Median hourly rate £65.52 £46.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +42.43% -16.36% +22.22%
75th Percentile £71.96 £58.00 £60.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £59.95 "
UK median hourly rate £65.52 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +42.43% -16.36% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,024 13,981 35,919
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.68% 41.88% 42.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,498 10,005 25,386
10th Percentile £348 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £514 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 417 242 594
10th Percentile £16.35 £16.05 £20.25
25th Percentile £24.75 £22.13 £34.00
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -5.56% +8.43%
75th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £51.19
90th Percentile £64.00 £60.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year - -4.49% +8.54%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -49 557 £600 +9.09% 147
North of England -79 59 £513 -2.38% 22
South East -35 51 £497 +10.33% 17
Midlands +11 50 £450 +6.51% 14
West Midlands +7 48 £450 -10.00% 11
East of England -23 42 £488 +2.63% 7
South West -15 27 £450 -10.00% 10
North West -28 21 £525 - 16
North East +5 19 £525 +13.51% 1
Yorkshire -58 19 £500 -0.99% 5
East Midlands -17 2 £435 +2.96% 3
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 806 (99.02%) Java
2 567 (69.66%) Spring
3 504 (61.92%) Agile Software Development
4 442 (54.30%) Microservices
5 369 (45.33%) Spring Boot
6 269 (33.05%) Jenkins
7 257 (31.57%) Maven
8 254 (31.20%) Finance
8 254 (31.20%) AWS
9 242 (29.73%) Git (software)
10 235 (28.87%) Docker
11 234 (28.75%) TDD
12 228 (28.01%) SQL
13 227 (27.89%) Oracle
14 212 (26.04%) REST
15 193 (23.71%) Scrum
16 179 (21.99%) Kubernetes
17 174 (21.38%) Banking
18 173 (21.25%) BDD
19 158 (19.41%) Linux
20 150 (18.43%) RESTful
20 150 (18.43%) Java 11
21 147 (18.06%) JavaScript
22 141 (17.32%) Social Skills
23 139 (17.08%) JUnit
24 138 (16.95%) JIRA
24 138 (16.95%) DevOps
25 137 (16.83%) Multithreading
26 124 (15.23%) Azure
27 117 (14.37%) SC Cleared

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (10.93%) Confluence
2 43 (5.28%) WebLogic
3 36 (4.42%) Tomcat
4 29 (3.56%) Apache
5 26 (3.19%) Apache Spark
6 19 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
7 16 (1.97%) Red Hat Fuse
8 10 (1.23%) Camunda
8 10 (1.23%) GemFire
8 10 (1.23%) JBoss
9 8 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
9 8 (0.98%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.86%) CMS
11 6 (0.74%) Oracle Workflow
12 5 (0.61%) Mule
13 4 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.49%) Oracle Coherence
14 3 (0.37%) Jetty
14 3 (0.37%) OpenStack
14 3 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.61%) Adobe Campaign
2 3 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 254 (31.20%) AWS
2 124 (15.23%) Azure
3 65 (7.99%) Serverless
4 55 (6.76%) AWS Lambda
5 43 (5.28%) GitHub
6 42 (5.16%) GCP
7 38 (4.67%) OpenShift
8 31 (3.81%) Amazon S3
9 18 (2.21%) PaaS
10 15 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (1.72%) Slack
12 12 (1.47%) SaaS
13 11 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
14 9 (1.11%) Amazon ECS
15 8 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
16 7 (0.86%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 7 (0.86%) IaaS
17 5 (0.61%) Amazon EKS
17 5 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
17 5 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.93%) SSL
2 27 (3.32%) TCP/IP
3 13 (1.60%) LAN
4 11 (1.35%) HTTP
5 7 (0.86%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.61%) DMARC
6 5 (0.61%) DNS
6 5 (0.61%) SMS
6 5 (0.61%) SMTP
7 4 (0.49%) Internet
7 4 (0.49%) VPN
8 2 (0.25%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.12%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (9.21%) Relational Database
2 73 (8.97%) PostgreSQL
3 67 (8.23%) NoSQL
4 58 (7.13%) Redis
5 57 (7.00%) MongoDB
6 47 (5.77%) SQL Server
7 41 (5.04%) MySQL
8 39 (4.79%) Hazelcast
9 36 (4.42%) Oracle Database
10 30 (3.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 23 (2.83%) BusinessObjects
12 16 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
13 15 (1.84%) Big Data
14 14 (1.72%) DB2
15 13 (1.60%) Apache Hive
15 13 (1.60%) RDBMS
16 12 (1.47%) HBase
17 11 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
18 10 (1.23%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
18 10 (1.23%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 269 (33.05%) Jenkins
2 257 (31.57%) Maven
3 242 (29.73%) Git (software)
4 139 (17.08%) JUnit
5 138 (16.95%) JIRA
6 84 (10.32%) Cucumber
7 78 (9.58%) Mockito
8 48 (5.90%) Gradle
9 46 (5.65%) Selenium
10 44 (5.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 40 (4.91%) Bitbucket
12 36 (4.42%) IntelliJ
13 33 (4.05%) Sonatype Nexus
14 32 (3.93%) TestNG
15 27 (3.32%) Subversion
16 26 (3.19%) Postman
17 24 (2.95%) SonarQube
18 23 (2.83%) Ant
19 21 (2.58%) TeamCity
20 18 (2.21%) Hudson
General
1 254 (31.20%) Finance
2 174 (21.38%) Banking
3 141 (17.32%) Social Skills
4 78 (9.58%) Investment Banking
5 53 (6.51%) Front Office
6 44 (5.41%) Analytical Skills
7 36 (4.42%) Public Sector
8 23 (2.83%) Financial Institution
8 23 (2.83%) Retail
9 17 (2.09%) Documentation Skills
9 17 (2.09%) Manufacturing
10 10 (1.23%) Back Office
11 9 (1.11%) Marketing
12 8 (0.98%) Presentation Skills
13 7 (0.86%) Electronics
14 5 (0.61%) Games
14 5 (0.61%) Telecoms
15 4 (0.49%) Billing
15 4 (0.49%) Influencing Skills
15 4 (0.49%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 678 (83.29%) Developer
2 610 (74.94%) Java Developer
3 150 (18.43%) Senior Developer
4 141 (17.32%) Senior Java Developer
5 42 (5.16%) Full Stack Developer
6 39 (4.79%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 37 (4.55%) Java Engineer
8 30 (3.69%) AWS Developer
9 25 (3.07%) Architect
10 22 (2.70%) Software Engineer
11 20 (2.46%) Java Architect
12 18 (2.21%) Consultant
12 18 (2.21%) Java Consultant
12 18 (2.21%) Senior Consultant
12 18 (2.21%) Senior Java Consultant
12 18 (2.21%) Software Developer
13 16 (1.97%) HTML CSS Developer
13 16 (1.97%) HTML Developer
14 15 (1.84%) Core Java Developer
14 15 (1.84%) Investment Banking Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 567 (69.66%) Spring
2 369 (45.33%) Spring Boot
3 212 (26.04%) REST
4 150 (18.43%) RESTful
5 107 (13.14%) Kafka
6 102 (12.53%) AngularJS
7 100 (12.29%) JSON
8 99 (12.16%) React
9 94 (11.55%) HTML
10 90 (11.06%) Web Services
11 88 (10.81%) Hibernate
12 75 (9.21%) CSS
13 69 (8.48%) J2EE
14 68 (8.35%) JPA
15 65 (7.99%) Node.js
16 58 (7.13%) XML
17 56 (6.88%) Apache Camel
18 44 (5.41%) JDBC
19 43 (5.28%) jQuery
20 41 (5.04%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 69 (8.48%) Algorithms
2 53 (6.51%) Data Structures
3 46 (5.65%) User Experience
4 41 (5.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 35 (4.30%) Derivative
5 35 (4.30%) Greenfield Project
6 27 (3.32%) Enterprise Software
7 25 (3.07%) Fixed Income
7 25 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
8 19 (2.33%) Mobile App
9 15 (1.84%) Hybrid Cloud
9 15 (1.84%) Public Cloud
10 14 (1.72%) Client/Server
11 12 (1.47%) Hedge funds
11 12 (1.47%) Legacy Systems
12 11 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
12 11 (1.35%) Replication
13 9 (1.11%) Clustering
13 9 (1.11%) Grid Computing
13 9 (1.11%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 158 (19.41%) Linux
2 92 (11.30%) Unix
3 27 (3.32%) Windows
4 12 (1.47%) Android
4 12 (1.47%) Mac OS X
5 3 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.25%) CentOS
7 1 (0.12%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.12%) Debian
7 1 (0.12%) Solaris
7 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 504 (61.92%) Agile Software Development
2 442 (54.30%) Microservices
3 234 (28.75%) TDD
4 193 (23.71%) Scrum
5 173 (21.25%) BDD
6 138 (16.95%) DevOps
7 137 (16.83%) Multithreading
8 109 (13.39%) Test Automation
9 96 (11.79%) Software Engineering
10 91 (11.18%) Kanban
11 87 (10.69%) Pair Programming
12 84 (10.32%) Problem-Solving
13 79 (9.71%) OO
14 72 (8.85%) Continuous Integration
14 72 (8.85%) Performance Tuning
15 65 (7.99%) MVC
16 63 (7.74%) API Design
17 60 (7.37%) SDLC
18 58 (7.13%) Unit Testing
19 57 (7.00%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 806 (99.02%) Java
2 228 (28.01%) SQL
3 150 (18.43%) Java 11
4 147 (18.06%) JavaScript
5 107 (13.14%) PL/SQL
6 75 (9.21%) Scala
7 58 (7.13%) Kotlin
8 54 (6.63%) TypeScript
9 43 (5.28%) Shell Script
10 40 (4.91%) Python
11 30 (3.69%) Haskell
12 20 (2.46%) C++
13 19 (2.33%) Java 9
14 16 (1.97%) ES6
15 11 (1.35%) T-SQL
16 10 (1.23%) Bash Shell
16 10 (1.23%) Go
16 10 (1.23%) R
17 9 (1.11%) C#
18 8 (0.98%) C
Qualifications
1 117 (14.37%) SC Cleared
1 117 (14.37%) Security Cleared
2 46 (5.65%) Degree
3 31 (3.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 15 (1.84%) OCPJP
4 15 (1.84%) Sun Certification
5 5 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
6 4 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.37%) ISEB
7 3 (0.37%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.12%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.12%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.32%) QA
2 11 (1.35%) Accessibility
3 10 (1.23%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.61%) GDPR
4 5 (0.61%) PMO
5 2 (0.25%) MiFID
6 1 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.12%) EMIR
6 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 235 (28.87%) Docker
2 9 (1.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.25%) Postfix
4 2 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 179 (21.99%) Kubernetes
2 79 (9.71%) Ansible
3 27 (3.32%) Terraform
4 22 (2.70%) Kibana
5 12 (1.47%) Prometheus
5 12 (1.47%) Single Sign-On
6 10 (1.23%) Oozie
7 8 (0.98%) Grafana
8 6 (0.74%) logstash
8 6 (0.74%) Zipkin
9 5 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.25%) Puppet
11 1 (0.12%) Graphite
Vendors
1 227 (27.89%) Oracle
2 36 (4.42%) BEA
2 36 (4.42%) Informatica
3 35 (4.30%) webMethods
4 30 (3.69%) WSO2
5 28 (3.44%) Splunk
6 24 (2.95%) Microsoft
7 22 (2.70%) Google
8 21 (2.58%) AppDynamics
9 17 (2.09%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.84%) Sun
11 14 (1.72%) IBM
12 11 (1.35%) MuleSoft
12 11 (1.35%) Solace
13 9 (1.11%) Adobe
14 7 (0.86%) Perforce
15 5 (0.61%) Serena
16 4 (0.49%) New Relic
17 3 (0.37%) Dynatrace
17 3 (0.37%) TIBCO