Period
to 31 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 31 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
31 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 146 117 114
Rank change year-on-year -29 -3 +88
Contract jobs citing Java 8 753 1,773 2,137
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.81% 2.12% 2.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.37% 4.92% 5.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 540 1,409 1,798
Median daily rate £525 £538 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +4.88% +2.50%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £381
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £510
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 4
Median hourly rate £44.50 £55.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.09% +22.22% -5.26%
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -19.09% +22.22% -5.26%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,215 36,030 40,177
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.42% 43.13% 43.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,737 25,177 28,221
Median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.91%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +7.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 359 627 725
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -1.20%
10th Percentile £18.25 £18.52 £17.52
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -3.61%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 31 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 490 £550 -2.22% 49
North of England +2 101 £525 +5.00% 18
South East +5 67 £425 -8.11% 8
Yorkshire -4 56 £510 +2.00% 10
South West +42 51 £500 +5.26% 6
East of England -20 31 £473 -10.00% 4
North West +6 30 £525 +10.53% 8
Midlands +41 15 £450 -7.69% 2
North East +37 15 £450 -25.00%
West Midlands +33 8 £450 -3.74% 2
East Midlands +30 7 £423 -29.58%
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 31 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 745 (98.94%) Java
2 485 (64.41%) Agile Software Development
3 437 (58.03%) Microservices
4 432 (57.37%) Spring
5 319 (42.36%) Spring Boot
6 309 (41.04%) Docker
7 269 (35.72%) AWS
8 265 (35.19%) TDD
9 219 (29.08%) Kubernetes
10 212 (28.15%) Test Automation
11 184 (24.44%) BDD
12 152 (20.19%) REST
12 152 (20.19%) Azure
13 151 (20.05%) Pair Programming
14 146 (19.39%) Security Cleared
15 144 (19.12%) Scrum
16 139 (18.46%) Finance
17 128 (17.00%) Jenkins
18 126 (16.73%) RESTful
18 126 (16.73%) Maven
19 123 (16.33%) Linux
20 119 (15.80%) SC Cleared
21 118 (15.67%) Kafka
22 114 (15.14%) Git (software)
23 111 (14.74%) Web Services
24 110 (14.61%) SQL
25 106 (14.08%) JUnit
26 103 (13.68%) Mockito
27 100 (13.28%) Public Sector
28 98 (13.01%) DevOps

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (6.91%) Elasticsearch
2 42 (5.58%) Confluence
3 34 (4.52%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.52%) Camunda
5 10 (1.33%) Tomcat
6 9 (1.20%) SAP EP
6 9 (1.20%) SAP Portal
7 8 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 8 (1.06%) Red Hat Fuse
8 7 (0.93%) Mule
8 7 (0.93%) Oracle Service Bus
8 7 (0.93%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.80%) Apache
10 5 (0.66%) CMS
11 4 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.53%) Headless CMS
12 2 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.27%) GeoServer
12 2 (0.27%) JBoss
12 2 (0.27%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.66%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.13%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 269 (35.72%) AWS
2 152 (20.19%) Azure
3 36 (4.78%) GCP
4 26 (3.45%) Serverless
5 25 (3.32%) GitHub
6 21 (2.79%) AWS Lambda
7 20 (2.66%) OpenShift
8 19 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (1.99%) Amazon S3
10 11 (1.46%) Amazon SQS
10 11 (1.46%) SaaS
11 10 (1.33%) PaaS
12 8 (1.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (1.06%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 8 (1.06%) CloudFront
13 7 (0.93%) Amazon Kinesis
13 7 (0.93%) Power Platform
14 5 (0.66%) npm
14 5 (0.66%) Slack
15 2 (0.27%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.85%) SSL
2 23 (3.05%) HTTPS
3 19 (2.52%) HTTP
4 9 (1.20%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.93%) FTP
6 6 (0.80%) DNS
6 6 (0.80%) Ethernet
6 6 (0.80%) IPv4
6 6 (0.80%) IPv6
6 6 (0.80%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.53%) DSL
7 4 (0.53%) Skype
8 3 (0.40%) RTMP
9 1 (0.13%) Internet
9 1 (0.13%) Intranet
9 1 (0.13%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.13%) LAN
9 1 (0.13%) Network Security
9 1 (0.13%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (12.62%) MongoDB
2 67 (8.90%) Relational Database
3 55 (7.30%) NoSQL
4 50 (6.64%) MySQL
5 32 (4.25%) PostgreSQL
6 25 (3.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 22 (2.92%) Big Data
7 22 (2.92%) SQL Server
8 18 (2.39%) Hadoop
9 16 (2.12%) RDBMS
10 14 (1.86%) Oracle Database
11 12 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
11 12 (1.59%) Redis
12 11 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
13 7 (0.93%) JasperReports
13 7 (0.93%) Parquet
13 7 (0.93%) Power BI
14 4 (0.53%) DB2
14 4 (0.53%) GIS
14 4 (0.53%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 128 (17.00%) Jenkins
2 126 (16.73%) Maven
3 114 (15.14%) Git (software)
4 106 (14.08%) JUnit
5 103 (13.68%) Mockito
6 82 (10.89%) Gradle
7 66 (8.76%) JIRA
8 39 (5.18%) Cucumber
9 31 (4.12%) Selenium
10 19 (2.52%) Ant
10 19 (2.52%) SoapUI
11 17 (2.26%) GitLab
11 17 (2.26%) IntelliJ
12 16 (2.12%) Eclipse
12 16 (2.12%) SonarQube
13 12 (1.59%) Postman
13 12 (1.59%) Spock
13 12 (1.59%) Xcode
14 11 (1.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 11 (1.46%) Checkstyle
General
1 139 (18.46%) Finance
2 100 (13.28%) Public Sector
3 84 (11.16%) Banking
4 42 (5.58%) Investment Banking
5 21 (2.79%) Front Office
6 20 (2.66%) Financial Institution
7 16 (2.12%) Marketing
8 11 (1.46%) Electronics
8 11 (1.46%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.46%) Retail
8 11 (1.46%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.53%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.40%) Games
10 3 (0.40%) Law
11 2 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.13%) Advertising
12 1 (0.13%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.13%) Legal
Job Titles
1 648 (86.06%) Developer
2 568 (75.43%) Java Developer
3 83 (11.02%) Senior Developer
4 80 (10.62%) Senior Java Developer
5 58 (7.70%) AWS Developer
6 47 (6.24%) Full Stack Developer
7 46 (6.11%) Backend Developer
7 46 (6.11%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 31 (4.12%) Java Engineer
9 22 (2.92%) Software Engineer
10 18 (2.39%) Architect
11 17 (2.26%) React Developer
12 15 (1.99%) Agile Developer
12 15 (1.99%) Agile Java Developer
13 14 (1.86%) Java Architect
13 14 (1.86%) Lead Developer
14 13 (1.73%) Integration Developer
14 13 (1.73%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 13 (1.73%) Lead Java Developer
14 13 (1.73%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 432 (57.37%) Spring
2 319 (42.36%) Spring Boot
3 152 (20.19%) REST
4 126 (16.73%) RESTful
5 118 (15.67%) Kafka
6 111 (14.74%) Web Services
7 94 (12.48%) AngularJS
8 75 (9.96%) React
9 70 (9.30%) JAX-RS
10 67 (8.90%) ActiveMQ
11 60 (7.97%) Hibernate
12 59 (7.84%) HTML
13 55 (7.30%) Node.js
14 51 (6.77%) CSS
14 51 (6.77%) SOAP
15 45 (5.98%) JSON
16 42 (5.58%) J2EE
16 42 (5.58%) JPA
17 39 (5.18%) Apache Camel
18 33 (4.38%) Guice
Miscellaneous
1 35 (4.65%) Greenfield Project
2 27 (3.59%) Algorithms
3 22 (2.92%) Mobile App
3 22 (2.92%) User Experience
4 18 (2.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 18 (2.39%) Semantic Web
5 14 (1.86%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
7 11 (1.46%) Virtual Team
8 9 (1.20%) Data Structures
8 9 (1.20%) Fixed Income
9 7 (0.93%) Blog
9 7 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
10 5 (0.66%) Credit Risk
10 5 (0.66%) Market Risk
10 5 (0.66%) Public Cloud
11 4 (0.53%) Augmented Reality
11 4 (0.53%) Derivative
11 4 (0.53%) e-Learning
12 3 (0.40%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 123 (16.33%) Linux
2 88 (11.69%) Unix
3 70 (9.30%) Mac OS X
4 10 (1.33%) Android
5 6 (0.80%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.80%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.13%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 485 (64.41%) Agile Software Development
2 437 (58.03%) Microservices
3 265 (35.19%) TDD
4 212 (28.15%) Test Automation
5 184 (24.44%) BDD
6 151 (20.05%) Pair Programming
7 144 (19.12%) Scrum
8 98 (13.01%) DevOps
9 87 (11.55%) Software Engineering
10 86 (11.42%) Continuous Deployment
11 77 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
12 70 (9.30%) Web Development
13 67 (8.90%) Responsive Web Design
14 66 (8.76%) Web Design
15 62 (8.23%) OO
16 55 (7.30%) Problem-Solving
17 51 (6.77%) Kanban
18 49 (6.51%) Multithreading
19 45 (5.98%) Continuous Delivery
20 38 (5.05%) Digital Transformation Programme
Programming Languages
1 745 (98.94%) Java
2 110 (14.61%) SQL
3 84 (11.16%) JavaScript
4 43 (5.71%) Scala
5 33 (4.38%) Kotlin
6 29 (3.85%) TypeScript
7 27 (3.59%) Python
8 26 (3.45%) ES6
9 21 (2.79%) Groovy
10 10 (1.33%) Java 9
10 10 (1.33%) Shell Script
11 9 (1.20%) C#
12 8 (1.06%) PL/SQL
13 7 (0.93%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.66%) Apple Swift
15 3 (0.40%) PHP
15 3 (0.40%) R
15 3 (0.40%) VB
15 3 (0.40%) VBA
15 3 (0.40%) XPath
Qualifications
1 146 (19.39%) Security Cleared
2 119 (15.80%) SC Cleared
3 25 (3.32%) BPSS Clearance
3 25 (3.32%) Degree
4 15 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.59%) DBS Check
6 10 (1.33%) DV Cleared
7 8 (1.06%) ISEB
7 8 (1.06%) ISTQB
7 8 (1.06%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 7 (0.93%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.40%) OCP
9 3 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (3.05%) QA
2 4 (0.53%) MiFID
3 3 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.27%) PMO
5 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.13%) GDPR
5 1 (0.13%) PSD2
5 1 (0.13%) SLA
System Software
1 309 (41.04%) Docker
2 1 (0.13%) Apache Flume
2 1 (0.13%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 219 (29.08%) Kubernetes
2 43 (5.71%) Terraform
3 29 (3.85%) Ansible
4 26 (3.45%) Prometheus
5 22 (2.92%) Zipkin
6 6 (0.80%) Consul
6 6 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (0.53%) linkerd
7 4 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.53%) Puppet
8 3 (0.40%) Kibana
9 2 (0.27%) Grafana
9 2 (0.27%) Salt
10 1 (0.13%) CFEngine
10 1 (0.13%) Graphite
10 1 (0.13%) Marathon
10 1 (0.13%) Mesos
10 1 (0.13%) Oozie
10 1 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 63 (8.37%) Oracle
2 23 (3.05%) SAP
3 10 (1.33%) Splunk
4 8 (1.06%) WSO2
5 7 (0.93%) IBM
6 6 (0.80%) AppDynamics
6 6 (0.80%) Google
7 5 (0.66%) ION Trading
8 4 (0.53%) Adobe
8 4 (0.53%) Atlassian
8 4 (0.53%) Confluent
9 3 (0.40%) Apple
9 3 (0.40%) Ariba
9 3 (0.40%) Microsoft
10 2 (0.27%) GoCardless
10 2 (0.27%) MapR
10 2 (0.27%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.27%) Salesforce.com
10 2 (0.27%) TIBCO
10 2 (0.27%) Zuora