Period
to 29 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 29 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 126 169 98
Rank change year-on-year +43 -71 +45
Contract jobs citing Java 8 540 1,326 2,453
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.09% 1.68% 2.64%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.87% 3.95% 5.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 390 1,049 2,075
Median daily rate £500 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £369 £419 £405
90th Percentile £638 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £550 £514
% change year-on-year -9.09% +7.06% -0.48%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 9
Median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £38.29
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.33% +37.13% -19.40%
10th Percentile £31.41 £39.38 £35.00
90th Percentile £35.27 £60.00 £56.19
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +33.33% -21.05%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,097 33,571 41,758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.89% 42.51% 44.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,422 23,499 29,663
Median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £319
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 595 644
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.26
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +6.49% +5.64%
10th Percentile £13.00 £19.43 £17.71
90th Percentile £53.75 £55.80 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.53
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.95% +3.83%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +22 343 £525 -8.70% 78
North of England +60 105 £505 +6.32% 8
Yorkshire +57 79 £500 - 1
South East +74 34 £484 -3.25% 17
East of England +55 27 £474 -9.33% 7
North West +33 23 £525 +16.67% 6
South West +80 15 £480 +1.05% 10
Midlands +64 10 £428 -4.89% 12
West Midlands +40 9 £428 -6.19% 10
North East +41 3 £450 -41.56% 1
East Midlands +58 1 £423 -0.59% 2
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 524 (97.04%) Java
2 341 (63.15%) Agile Software Development
3 337 (62.41%) Microservices
4 303 (56.11%) Spring
5 263 (48.70%) AWS
6 233 (43.15%) Spring Boot
7 219 (40.56%) Docker
8 218 (40.37%) TDD
9 181 (33.52%) BDD
10 177 (32.78%) Kubernetes
11 171 (31.67%) Azure
12 145 (26.85%) Test Automation
13 131 (24.26%) Git (software)
13 131 (24.26%) Pair Programming
14 129 (23.89%) Finance
15 126 (23.33%) Jenkins
16 123 (22.78%) Scrum
17 114 (21.11%) REST
18 108 (20.00%) Maven
19 107 (19.81%) Linux
20 91 (16.85%) SQL
21 89 (16.48%) DevOps
22 87 (16.11%) JIRA
23 86 (15.93%) MongoDB
23 86 (15.93%) Kafka
23 86 (15.93%) Mockito
24 83 (15.37%) Public Sector
25 82 (15.19%) RESTful
26 80 (14.81%) Unix
27 73 (13.52%) Continuous Deployment

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (11.30%) Confluence
2 32 (5.93%) Cloud Foundry
3 29 (5.37%) Apache Spark
4 16 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (2.59%) Mule
6 10 (1.85%) Apache
6 10 (1.85%) WebLogic
7 7 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.93%) Red Hat Fuse
9 4 (0.74%) Anypoint
9 4 (0.74%) SAP EP
9 4 (0.74%) SAP Portal
9 4 (0.74%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.56%) Camunda
10 3 (0.56%) CMS
11 2 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.37%) Headless CMS
11 2 (0.37%) JBoss
11 2 (0.37%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.19%) OpenStack
Applications
1 3 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.19%) ION MarketView
1 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
1 1 (0.19%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 263 (48.70%) AWS
2 171 (31.67%) Azure
3 38 (7.04%) GitHub
4 35 (6.48%) GCP
5 24 (4.44%) Slack
6 20 (3.70%) Serverless
7 18 (3.33%) AWS Lambda
8 14 (2.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 13 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
10 12 (2.22%) Amazon S3
10 12 (2.22%) IaaS
10 12 (2.22%) PaaS
11 11 (2.04%) Amazon ECS
11 11 (2.04%) Amazon Kinesis
12 9 (1.67%) AWS Fargate
13 8 (1.48%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (1.11%) OpenShift
15 5 (0.93%) AWS CloudTrail
15 5 (0.93%) AWS CodePipeline
15 5 (0.93%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.26%) SSL
2 22 (4.07%) HTTPS
3 18 (3.33%) HTTP
4 5 (0.93%) Internet
5 4 (0.74%) DSL
5 4 (0.74%) Skype
6 2 (0.37%) FIX Connectivity
6 2 (0.37%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.19%) DNS
7 1 (0.19%) FTP
7 1 (0.19%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (15.93%) MongoDB
2 46 (8.52%) NoSQL
3 38 (7.04%) MySQL
4 28 (5.19%) Relational Database
5 22 (4.07%) Apache Cassandra
6 20 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (2.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 14 (2.59%) Oracle Database
7 14 (2.59%) SQL Server
8 9 (1.67%) Hadoop
9 8 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
10 7 (1.30%) Redis
11 6 (1.11%) Big Data
12 5 (0.93%) Neo4j
12 5 (0.93%) RDBMS
13 4 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
13 4 (0.74%) Oracle Database 11g
14 3 (0.56%) BusinessObjects
14 3 (0.56%) Hazelcast
15 2 (0.37%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 131 (24.26%) Git (software)
2 126 (23.33%) Jenkins
3 108 (20.00%) Maven
4 87 (16.11%) JIRA
5 86 (15.93%) Mockito
6 55 (10.19%) JUnit
7 39 (7.22%) Gradle
8 27 (5.00%) Sonatype Nexus
9 24 (4.44%) Android Studio
10 23 (4.26%) IntelliJ
11 20 (3.70%) CocoaPods
11 20 (3.70%) Xcode
12 16 (2.96%) Selenium
13 12 (2.22%) Cucumber
14 8 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 7 (1.30%) Checkstyle
15 7 (1.30%) Eclipse
15 7 (1.30%) GitLab
16 6 (1.11%) Artifactory
16 6 (1.11%) JMeter
General
1 129 (23.89%) Finance
2 83 (15.37%) Public Sector
3 61 (11.30%) Banking
4 20 (3.70%) Investment Banking
5 17 (3.15%) Financial Institution
6 15 (2.78%) Front Office
7 7 (1.30%) Marketing
8 6 (1.11%) Electronics
8 6 (1.11%) Manufacturing
8 6 (1.11%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.56%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.37%) Games
10 2 (0.37%) Law
10 2 (0.37%) Retail
11 1 (0.19%) Advertising
11 1 (0.19%) French Language
Job Titles
1 444 (82.22%) Developer
2 375 (69.44%) Java Developer
3 58 (10.74%) Senior Developer
4 57 (10.56%) Senior Java Developer
5 32 (5.93%) Java Engineer
6 22 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
7 21 (3.89%) AWS Developer
7 21 (3.89%) Backend Developer
8 15 (2.78%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 12 (2.22%) AWS Engineer
10 10 (1.85%) Architect
10 10 (1.85%) Azure Developer
10 10 (1.85%) Java Architect
10 10 (1.85%) Lead Developer
10 10 (1.85%) Software Developer
11 9 (1.67%) DevOps Engineer
11 9 (1.67%) Software Engineer
12 8 (1.48%) QA Engineer
12 8 (1.48%) Senior Java Engineer
13 7 (1.30%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 303 (56.11%) Spring
2 233 (43.15%) Spring Boot
3 114 (21.11%) REST
4 86 (15.93%) Kafka
5 82 (15.19%) RESTful
6 61 (11.30%) ActiveMQ
7 58 (10.74%) JAX-RS
8 56 (10.37%) Web Services
9 47 (8.70%) Node.js
10 43 (7.96%) AngularJS
11 39 (7.22%) React
12 38 (7.04%) JSON
13 35 (6.48%) HTML
14 32 (5.93%) Spring Cloud
15 31 (5.74%) Apache Camel
16 30 (5.56%) Spring Security
17 29 (5.37%) Hibernate
18 28 (5.19%) J2EE
19 26 (4.81%) Guice
20 22 (4.07%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 45 (8.33%) Mobile App
2 20 (3.70%) User Experience
3 19 (3.52%) Analytical Skills
4 17 (3.15%) Algorithms
5 13 (2.41%) Hybrid Cloud
6 11 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (2.04%) Fixed Income
7 10 (1.85%) Virtual Team
8 8 (1.48%) Greenfield Project
9 7 (1.30%) Cloud Native
9 7 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (1.11%) Derivative
11 5 (0.93%) Clustering
11 5 (0.93%) Equities
12 4 (0.74%) Augmented Reality
12 4 (0.74%) Hedge funds
13 3 (0.56%) Data Structures
13 3 (0.56%) Public Cloud
13 3 (0.56%) Self-Motivation
14 2 (0.37%) TWAP
Operating Systems
1 107 (19.81%) Linux
2 80 (14.81%) Unix
3 58 (10.74%) Mac OS X
4 26 (4.81%) Android
5 21 (3.89%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.56%) Debian
7 1 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 341 (63.15%) Agile Software Development
2 337 (62.41%) Microservices
3 218 (40.37%) TDD
4 181 (33.52%) BDD
5 145 (26.85%) Test Automation
6 131 (24.26%) Pair Programming
7 123 (22.78%) Scrum
8 89 (16.48%) DevOps
9 73 (13.52%) Continuous Deployment
10 68 (12.59%) Continuous Integration
10 68 (12.59%) Responsive Web Design
10 68 (12.59%) Web Design
11 63 (11.67%) Problem-Solving
11 63 (11.67%) Web Development
12 62 (11.48%) Kanban
13 61 (11.30%) Software Engineering
14 56 (10.37%) Continuous Delivery
15 41 (7.59%) Digital Transformation Programme
16 40 (7.41%) SDLC
17 38 (7.04%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 524 (97.04%) Java
2 91 (16.85%) SQL
3 65 (12.04%) Kotlin
4 61 (11.30%) Python
5 49 (9.07%) Scala
6 27 (5.00%) JavaScript
7 20 (3.70%) Apple Swift
8 18 (3.33%) PL/SQL
9 16 (2.96%) Java 9
10 15 (2.78%) Shell Script
11 7 (1.30%) Go
12 6 (1.11%) TypeScript
13 5 (0.93%) Groovy
13 5 (0.93%) Ruby
14 3 (0.56%) VB
14 3 (0.56%) VBA
15 2 (0.37%) C#
15 2 (0.37%) Perl
15 2 (0.37%) PHP
16 1 (0.19%) C
Qualifications
1 71 (13.15%) Security Cleared
2 48 (8.89%) SC Cleared
3 23 (4.26%) BPSS Clearance
4 16 (2.96%) Degree
5 14 (2.59%) DBS Check
6 13 (2.41%) Computer Science Degree
7 10 (1.85%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.48%) Master's Degree
9 7 (1.30%) OCPJP
9 7 (1.30%) Sun Certification
10 3 (0.56%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (6.11%) QA
2 4 (0.74%) MiFID
3 3 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.19%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.19%) PSD2
System Software
1 219 (40.56%) Docker
2 1 (0.19%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 177 (32.78%) Kubernetes
2 47 (8.70%) Prometheus
3 27 (5.00%) Terraform
4 21 (3.89%) Zipkin
5 12 (2.22%) Ansible
6 6 (1.11%) Kibana
7 5 (0.93%) Packer
8 3 (0.56%) linkerd
8 3 (0.56%) Rundeck
9 2 (0.37%) Consul
10 1 (0.19%) CFEngine
10 1 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.19%) Knative
10 1 (0.19%) logstash
10 1 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.19%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 50 (9.26%) Oracle
2 44 (8.15%) Splunk
3 38 (7.04%) AppDynamics
4 21 (3.89%) MuleSoft
5 15 (2.78%) SAP
6 9 (1.67%) BEA
7 7 (1.30%) Sun
7 7 (1.30%) webMethods
8 6 (1.11%) Informatica
9 5 (0.93%) Confluent
9 5 (0.93%) ION Trading
10 4 (0.74%) Ariba
10 4 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
10 4 (0.74%) WSO2
11 3 (0.56%) Databricks
11 3 (0.56%) Google
11 3 (0.56%) Sybase
12 2 (0.37%) Adobe
12 2 (0.37%) Dynatrace
13 1 (0.19%) ForgeRock