Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 48 46
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 -9
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,918 2,242 1,892
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.78% 5.00% 4.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.97% 13.55% 13.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,207 1,694 1,297
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £400 £369 £351
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 24 17
London median hourly rate £45.00 £33.66 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.71% -32.69% +14.76%
10th Percentile £21.15 £21.25 £19.25
90th Percentile £52.63 £100.75 £55.63
England median hourly rate £48.40 £40.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year +21.00% -7.51% +13.82%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,784 16,552 14,123
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.85% 36.90% 35.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,039 12,619 10,528
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £331
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 120 97
London median hourly rate £44.96 £43.71 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +0.48% +17.57%
10th Percentile £32.03 £20.15 £19.36
90th Percentile £75.25 £73.00 £55.63
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.38 £40.50
% change year-on-year +3.82% +4.65% +7.28%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -19 322 £525 +5.00% 19
South London -17 84 £525 +10.53% 3
East London +27 74 £525 -4.55% 2
West London -21 67 £525 +6.06% 5
North London -9 9 £435 -6.45% 2
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 996 (51.93%) Agile Software Development
2 881 (45.93%) Java
3 841 (43.85%) Amazon AWS
4 605 (31.54%) JavaScript
5 550 (28.68%) DevOps
6 542 (28.26%) Finance
7 438 (22.84%) TDD
8 436 (22.73%) Microservices
9 426 (22.21%) Docker
10 421 (21.95%) RESTful
10 421 (21.95%) REST
11 417 (21.74%) Python
12 415 (21.64%) Jenkins
13 352 (18.35%) Scrum
14 350 (18.25%) SOAP
15 335 (17.47%) SQL
16 334 (17.41%) Git (software)
17 330 (17.21%) HTML
18 318 (16.58%) Test Automation
19 316 (16.48%) Continuous Integration
19 316 (16.48%) C#
20 303 (15.80%) Kubernetes
21 302 (15.75%) XML
22 299 (15.59%) Software Engineering
23 289 (15.07%) Terraform
24 275 (14.34%) Linux
25 274 (14.29%) .NET
25 274 (14.29%) Spring
26 273 (14.23%) Microsoft Azure
27 268 (13.97%) CSS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (5.01%) Confluence
2 71 (3.70%) Apache
3 66 (3.44%) Tomcat
4 64 (3.34%) SharePoint
5 46 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
6 45 (2.35%) WebSphere
7 44 (2.29%) CMS
8 39 (2.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 35 (1.82%) Apache Spark
10 31 (1.62%) IIS
11 28 (1.46%) JBoss
11 28 (1.46%) nginx
12 23 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
13 20 (1.04%) SharePoint 2013
14 14 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 13 (0.68%) Jetty
15 13 (0.68%) Mule
15 13 (0.68%) SharePoint 2010
16 12 (0.63%) OpenStack
17 10 (0.52%) Appian
Applications
1 31 (1.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.30%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.26%) InfoPath
3 5 (0.26%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.16%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.052%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.052%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 39 (2.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.78%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 12 (0.63%) Adobe Campaign
4 11 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.42%) Dynamics NAV
6 5 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
7 4 (0.21%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.16%) PeopleSoft Financials
9 2 (0.10%) BigMachines
9 2 (0.10%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.10%) Magento
9 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.052%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.052%) SAP HR
10 1 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
10 1 (0.052%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 841 (43.85%) Amazon AWS
2 273 (14.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 255 (13.30%) Serverless
4 239 (12.46%) Amazon EC2
5 216 (11.26%) AWS Lambda
6 213 (11.11%) Amazon S3
7 134 (6.99%) Amazon SQS
8 132 (6.88%) AWS CloudFormation
9 128 (6.67%) Google Cloud Platform
10 124 (6.47%) OpenShift
11 102 (5.32%) Amazon ECS
12 94 (4.90%) SaaS
13 70 (3.65%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 68 (3.55%) GitHub
15 63 (3.28%) Office 365
16 58 (3.02%) PaaS
17 51 (2.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 36 (1.88%) Dynamics 365
18 36 (1.88%) Power Platform
19 31 (1.62%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 55 (2.87%) HTTP
2 43 (2.24%) Firewall
3 40 (2.09%) Internet
4 38 (1.98%) TCP/IP
5 28 (1.46%) DNS
6 24 (1.25%) WAN
7 21 (1.09%) VPN
8 20 (1.04%) SSL
9 16 (0.83%) SMTP
10 15 (0.78%) LAN
10 15 (0.78%) Network Security
11 11 (0.57%) DHCP
11 11 (0.57%) IPsec
12 10 (0.52%) DMZ
12 10 (0.52%) FTP
13 6 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
13 6 (0.31%) Kerberos
13 6 (0.31%) OpenLDAP
13 6 (0.31%) SSH
14 5 (0.26%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 216 (11.26%) SQL Server
2 175 (9.12%) NoSQL
3 173 (9.02%) Amazon RDS
4 158 (8.24%) MongoDB
5 151 (7.87%) Relational Database
6 149 (7.77%) Amazon Redshift
7 107 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
8 105 (5.47%) MySQL
9 102 (5.32%) Apache Cassandra
10 77 (4.01%) Big Data
11 55 (2.87%) Hadoop
12 48 (2.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 45 (2.35%) RDBMS
14 39 (2.03%) Oracle Database
15 35 (1.82%) Redis
16 32 (1.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 31 (1.62%) Amazon Athena
18 30 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
18 30 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 28 (1.46%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 415 (21.64%) Jenkins
2 334 (17.41%) Git (software)
3 175 (9.12%) JIRA
4 149 (7.77%) Selenium
5 147 (7.66%) Maven
6 143 (7.46%) JUnit
7 133 (6.93%) Artifactory
8 103 (5.37%) Bitbucket
9 86 (4.48%) TeamCity
10 85 (4.43%) Cucumber
11 81 (4.22%) GitLab
12 69 (3.60%) Mockito
13 67 (3.49%) RStudio
14 64 (3.34%) Subversion
15 60 (3.13%) Sonatype Nexus
16 57 (2.97%) Visual Studio
17 54 (2.82%) SonarQube
18 51 (2.66%) Team Foundation Server
19 46 (2.40%) jMock
20 41 (2.14%) Gradle
General
1 542 (28.26%) Finance
2 195 (10.17%) Banking
3 149 (7.77%) Front Office
4 85 (4.43%) Marketing
5 71 (3.70%) Retail
6 38 (1.98%) Telecoms
7 33 (1.72%) Financial Institution
8 26 (1.36%) Investment Banking
9 25 (1.30%) Games
10 21 (1.09%) Manufacturing
11 20 (1.04%) Electronics
12 16 (0.83%) Legal
13 15 (0.78%) Publishing
14 13 (0.68%) Law
15 11 (0.57%) Back Office
16 10 (0.52%) Advertising
17 9 (0.47%) German Language
18 8 (0.42%) Retail Banking
19 6 (0.31%) Billing
20 2 (0.10%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,127 (58.76%) Developer
2 308 (16.06%) Java Developer
3 214 (11.16%) AWS Developer
4 202 (10.53%) Senior Developer
5 195 (10.17%) Architect
6 174 (9.07%) AWS Engineer
7 155 (8.08%) DevOps Engineer
8 104 (5.42%) Python Developer
9 98 (5.11%) .NET Developer
10 95 (4.95%) Angular Developer
11 93 (4.85%) Full Stack Developer
12 86 (4.48%) JavaScript Developer
13 83 (4.33%) AWS DevOps
14 79 (4.12%) Lead Developer
15 75 (3.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 68 (3.55%) Senior Java Developer
17 67 (3.49%) Software Engineer
17 67 (3.49%) Solutions Architect
18 63 (3.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 61 (3.18%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 421 (21.95%) REST
1 421 (21.95%) RESTful
2 350 (18.25%) SOAP
3 330 (17.21%) HTML
4 302 (15.75%) XML
5 274 (14.29%) .NET
5 274 (14.29%) Spring
6 268 (13.97%) CSS
7 257 (13.40%) AngularJS
8 237 (12.36%) Node.js
9 220 (11.47%) J2EE
10 215 (11.21%) JSON
11 204 (10.64%) React
12 149 (7.77%) HTML5
13 134 (6.99%) Spring Boot
14 119 (6.20%) Kafka
15 118 (6.15%) ASP.NET
16 83 (4.33%) CSS3
17 74 (3.86%) ASP.NET Web API
18 70 (3.65%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 128 (6.67%) Greenfield Project
2 110 (5.74%) Fixed Income
3 109 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
4 84 (4.38%) User Experience
5 73 (3.81%) Mobile App
6 51 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
7 45 (2.35%) Data Structures
8 42 (2.19%) Derivative
8 42 (2.19%) Virtual Team
9 39 (2.03%) Public Cloud
10 32 (1.67%) Algorithms
11 31 (1.62%) Video on Demand
12 28 (1.46%) Video\Live Streaming
13 27 (1.41%) Hedge funds
14 22 (1.15%) Animation
15 21 (1.09%) Wiki
16 20 (1.04%) Data Centre
16 20 (1.04%) Self-Motivation
17 19 (0.99%) Hybrid Cloud
18 18 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 275 (14.34%) Linux
2 126 (6.57%) Windows
3 100 (5.21%) Unix
4 58 (3.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 35 (1.82%) Android
5 35 (1.82%) Apple iOS
6 20 (1.04%) Windows Server
7 16 (0.83%) tvOS
8 10 (0.52%) CentOS
9 7 (0.36%) Debian
10 6 (0.31%) Solaris
11 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.21%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.21%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.10%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.10%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.052%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.052%) Mesosphere
14 1 (0.052%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 996 (51.93%) Agile Software Development
2 550 (28.68%) DevOps
3 438 (22.84%) TDD
4 436 (22.73%) Microservices
5 352 (18.35%) Scrum
6 318 (16.58%) Test Automation
7 316 (16.48%) Continuous Integration
8 299 (15.59%) Software Engineering
9 265 (13.82%) BDD
10 263 (13.71%) Open Source
11 203 (10.58%) Asset Management
12 151 (7.87%) Kanban
13 145 (7.56%) Front End Development
13 145 (7.56%) MVC
14 134 (6.99%) Analytics
15 133 (6.93%) E-Commerce
16 131 (6.83%) Unit Testing
17 130 (6.78%) SDLC
18 124 (6.47%) OO
19 115 (6.00%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 881 (45.93%) Java
2 605 (31.54%) JavaScript
3 417 (21.74%) Python
4 335 (17.47%) SQL
5 316 (16.48%) C#
6 101 (5.27%) Java 8
7 89 (4.64%) Ruby
8 76 (3.96%) C++
9 62 (3.23%) Scala
10 55 (2.87%) ES6
10 55 (2.87%) Groovy
10 55 (2.87%) PowerShell
11 53 (2.76%) Apex Code
12 52 (2.71%) TypeScript
13 49 (2.55%) PHP
14 45 (2.35%) Bash Shell
15 42 (2.19%) Shell Script
16 31 (1.62%) Kotlin
16 31 (1.62%) SOQL
17 29 (1.51%) Perl
Qualifications
1 106 (5.53%) Security Cleared
2 93 (4.85%) Degree
3 91 (4.74%) SC Cleared
4 75 (3.91%) AWS Certification
5 43 (2.24%) RHCE
6 14 (0.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (0.73%) ISTQB
7 13 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.47%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.42%) CHECK Team Member
9 8 (0.42%) ISEB
10 7 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.36%) MCSE
11 6 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.31%) SANS
12 5 (0.26%) CISA
12 5 (0.26%) CISM
12 5 (0.26%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.26%) ISSMP
12 5 (0.26%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (7.51%) QA
2 37 (1.93%) PCI DSS
3 32 (1.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 30 (1.56%) NIST
5 26 (1.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 20 (1.04%) SLA
7 18 (0.94%) Data Quality
7 18 (0.94%) GDPR
8 11 (0.57%) SEPA
9 5 (0.26%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.26%) PSD2
10 4 (0.21%) FedRAMP
10 4 (0.21%) NCSC
11 3 (0.16%) PMO
12 2 (0.10%) MiFID
12 2 (0.10%) WCAG
13 1 (0.052%) Dodd-Frank
13 1 (0.052%) EMIR
13 1 (0.052%) WAI
System Software
1 426 (22.21%) Docker
2 49 (2.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (2.14%) Active Directory
4 39 (2.03%) vSphere
5 16 (0.83%) Apache Flume
6 13 (0.68%) HDFS
7 12 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.31%) Shibboleth
8 6 (0.31%) Snort
8 6 (0.31%) Squid
9 5 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.21%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.10%) DFS Replication
12 2 (0.10%) Xen
12 2 (0.10%) XenApp
12 2 (0.10%) XenDesktop
13 1 (0.052%) zsh
Systems Management
1 303 (15.80%) Kubernetes
2 289 (15.07%) Terraform
3 190 (9.91%) Ansible
4 123 (6.41%) Puppet
5 108 (5.63%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.30%) SELinux
7 24 (1.25%) Mesos
8 21 (1.09%) Kibana
9 19 (0.99%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (0.94%) Packer
11 16 (0.83%) Grafana
12 15 (0.78%) logstash
13 12 (0.63%) Marathon
14 10 (0.52%) HP Quality Center
15 8 (0.42%) Rancher
16 6 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (0.31%) FortiGate
16 6 (0.31%) HAProxy
16 6 (0.31%) Prometheus
16 6 (0.31%) Salt
Vendors
1 167 (8.71%) Microsoft
2 143 (7.46%) Oracle
3 123 (6.41%) Google
4 102 (5.32%) Splunk
5 78 (4.07%) Salesforce.com
6 63 (3.28%) Red Hat
7 59 (3.08%) VMware
8 54 (2.82%) ServiceNow
9 49 (2.55%) Adobe
10 43 (2.24%) MuleSoft
11 37 (1.93%) SAP
12 32 (1.67%) IBM
12 32 (1.67%) Qualys
13 24 (1.25%) Bloomberg
14 23 (1.20%) Reuters
15 22 (1.15%) hybris
16 21 (1.09%) TIBCO
17 17 (0.89%) Apple
17 17 (0.89%) Informatica
18 15 (0.78%) Dell