Period
to 15 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 15 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
15 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 48 43
Rank change year-on-year -2 -5 -7
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,798 2,260 2,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.66% 4.97% 5.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.90% 12.61% 14.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,074 1,647 1,602
London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £373 £390 £362
90th Percentile £688 £650 £625
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 12 16
London median hourly rate £48.75 £47.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.63% -5.00% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £31.00 £19.25
90th Percentile £52.88 £100.75 £57.50
England median hourly rate £49.21 £43.25 £40.50
% change year-on-year +13.78% +6.79% -4.71%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,943 17,927 16,239
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.11% 39.39% 36.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,400 13,532 12,185
London median daily rate £525 £524 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.24% +4.75% +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 93 104
London median hourly rate £49.57 £43.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.94% +24.29% -12.50%
10th Percentile £20.13 £20.96 £18.15
90th Percentile £122.50 £72.50 £51.40
England median hourly rate £44.74 £41.92 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.72% +4.81% +11.11%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 15 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 15 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 15 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -10 303 £525 +5.00% 102
South London -7 70 £450 -10.00% 19
West London -9 64 £525 - 43
East London +7 46 £550 - 24
North London -2 6 £483 -19.58% 9
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 15 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 936 (52.06%) Agile Software Development
2 832 (46.27%) Java
3 799 (44.44%) AWS
4 590 (32.81%) Finance
5 574 (31.92%) JavaScript
6 464 (25.81%) DevOps
7 458 (25.47%) Python
8 435 (24.19%) Docker
9 420 (23.36%) Microservices
10 362 (20.13%) Software Engineering
11 347 (19.30%) REST
12 336 (18.69%) Jenkins
13 335 (18.63%) TDD
14 332 (18.46%) RESTful
15 314 (17.46%) SQL
16 312 (17.35%) C#
17 296 (16.46%) Continuous Integration
18 285 (15.85%) Asset Management
19 283 (15.74%) Terraform
20 281 (15.63%) Scrum
21 278 (15.46%) Kubernetes
22 272 (15.13%) Azure
23 271 (15.07%) AngularJS
24 267 (14.85%) .NET
25 264 (14.68%) SOAP
26 262 (14.57%) HTML
26 262 (14.57%) Git (software)
27 256 (14.24%) Linux
28 255 (14.18%) Serverless
29 246 (13.68%) Test Automation

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (6.06%) Confluence
2 76 (4.23%) SharePoint
3 55 (3.06%) Apache
4 42 (2.34%) Apache Spark
5 36 (2.00%) IIS
6 35 (1.95%) CMS
6 35 (1.95%) Tomcat
7 32 (1.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 27 (1.50%) Elasticsearch
9 22 (1.22%) JBoss
10 21 (1.17%) SharePoint 2013
11 19 (1.06%) Apache Solr
11 19 (1.06%) WebSphere
12 18 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 15 (0.83%) SharePoint 2010
14 12 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
15 11 (0.61%) Appian
15 11 (0.61%) nginx
16 10 (0.56%) Mule
16 10 (0.56%) WebLogic
Applications
1 32 (1.78%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.44%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.33%) InfoPath
6 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.056%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.056%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 39 (2.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.89%) Adobe Campaign
3 15 (0.83%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 11 (0.61%) Markit EDM
5 10 (0.56%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.56%) PolarLake
6 9 (0.50%) Dynamics NAV
7 8 (0.44%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle Assets
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle FAH
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle General Ledger
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle iProcurement
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
9 6 (0.33%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 5 (0.28%) NetSuite
10 5 (0.28%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 4 (0.22%) FINCAD Analytics
11 4 (0.22%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 799 (44.44%) AWS
2 272 (15.13%) Azure
3 255 (14.18%) Serverless
4 224 (12.46%) AWS Lambda
5 214 (11.90%) Amazon S3
6 190 (10.57%) Amazon EC2
7 151 (8.40%) Amazon SQS
8 133 (7.40%) OpenShift
9 131 (7.29%) AWS CloudFormation
10 107 (5.95%) Amazon ECS
11 97 (5.39%) GitHub
12 84 (4.67%) GCP
13 81 (4.51%) SaaS
14 65 (3.62%) Office 365
15 62 (3.45%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 42 (2.34%) PaaS
17 40 (2.22%) Power Platform
18 36 (2.00%) Dynamics 365
19 29 (1.61%) Salesforce Service Cloud
20 27 (1.50%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 52 (2.89%) HTTP
2 35 (1.95%) Internet
3 33 (1.84%) Firewall
4 28 (1.56%) TCP/IP
5 25 (1.39%) FTP
6 23 (1.28%) VPN
7 11 (0.61%) SMTP
8 10 (0.56%) DNS
8 10 (0.56%) Network Security
9 9 (0.50%) SSL
10 8 (0.44%) DHCP
10 8 (0.44%) WAN
11 6 (0.33%) Ethernet
11 6 (0.33%) Intranet
12 5 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
12 5 (0.28%) SAN
13 4 (0.22%) HTTPS
13 4 (0.22%) Kerberos
13 4 (0.22%) LAN
13 4 (0.22%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (12.29%) SQL Server
2 189 (10.51%) Amazon RDS
3 146 (8.12%) Amazon Redshift
4 136 (7.56%) Relational Database
5 120 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
6 115 (6.40%) MySQL
7 110 (6.12%) NoSQL
8 79 (4.39%) Big Data
9 76 (4.23%) MongoDB
10 68 (3.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 53 (2.95%) RDBMS
12 48 (2.67%) Amazon Athena
12 48 (2.67%) Hadoop
13 43 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
14 35 (1.95%) Oracle Database
15 31 (1.72%) HBase
16 30 (1.67%) Amazon Aurora
16 30 (1.67%) Power BI
17 28 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
18 25 (1.39%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 336 (18.69%) Jenkins
2 262 (14.57%) Git (software)
3 172 (9.57%) JIRA
4 137 (7.62%) Artifactory
5 119 (6.62%) Selenium
6 105 (5.84%) JUnit
7 104 (5.78%) Maven
8 90 (5.01%) RStudio
9 79 (4.39%) Bitbucket
9 79 (4.39%) GitLab
10 62 (3.45%) TeamCity
11 59 (3.28%) Cucumber
12 58 (3.23%) Subversion
13 52 (2.89%) Mockito
14 39 (2.17%) Visual Studio
15 37 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
16 35 (1.95%) Eclipse
16 35 (1.95%) Travis CI
17 31 (1.72%) JMeter
18 30 (1.67%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 590 (32.81%) Finance
2 218 (12.12%) Front Office
3 159 (8.84%) Banking
4 67 (3.73%) Public Sector
5 66 (3.67%) Marketing
6 43 (2.39%) Retail
7 31 (1.72%) Telecoms
8 26 (1.45%) Financial Institution
9 23 (1.28%) Games
10 17 (0.95%) Investment Banking
10 17 (0.95%) Manufacturing
11 16 (0.89%) Electronics
12 15 (0.83%) Billing
13 13 (0.72%) Retail Banking
14 12 (0.67%) Back Office
14 12 (0.67%) Law
15 11 (0.61%) Advertising
16 10 (0.56%) Publishing
17 9 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
18 8 (0.44%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,062 (59.07%) Developer
2 298 (16.57%) Java Developer
3 219 (12.18%) AWS Developer
4 198 (11.01%) Architect
5 179 (9.96%) Senior Developer
6 173 (9.62%) AWS Engineer
7 121 (6.73%) Software Engineer
8 111 (6.17%) DevOps Engineer
9 97 (5.39%) .NET Developer
10 84 (4.67%) Python Developer
11 82 (4.56%) Angular Developer
12 81 (4.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 77 (4.28%) JavaScript Developer
14 76 (4.23%) AWS Software Engineer
14 76 (4.23%) React Developer
15 75 (4.17%) Java Software Developer
15 75 (4.17%) Lead Developer
16 73 (4.06%) AWS Architect
17 71 (3.95%) Senior Java Developer
18 64 (3.56%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 347 (19.30%) REST
2 332 (18.46%) RESTful
3 271 (15.07%) AngularJS
4 267 (14.85%) .NET
5 264 (14.68%) SOAP
6 262 (14.57%) HTML
7 241 (13.40%) J2EE
7 241 (13.40%) React
8 240 (13.35%) XML
9 236 (13.13%) CSS
10 232 (12.90%) Node.js
11 189 (10.51%) Spring
12 186 (10.34%) JSON
13 116 (6.45%) HTML5
14 103 (5.73%) Kafka
15 96 (5.34%) Spring Boot
16 95 (5.28%) ASP.NET
17 72 (4.00%) Hibernate
18 71 (3.95%) ASP.NET Web API
18 71 (3.95%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 181 (10.07%) Fixed Income
2 113 (6.28%) Greenfield Project
3 110 (6.12%) Derivative
4 107 (5.95%) User Experience
5 81 (4.51%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (3.00%) Mobile App
7 49 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
8 41 (2.28%) Animation
9 39 (2.17%) Video on Demand
10 38 (2.11%) Video\Live Streaming
11 36 (2.00%) Public Cloud
12 33 (1.84%) Hedge funds
13 32 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 31 (1.72%) Data Structures
15 30 (1.67%) Equities
16 28 (1.56%) Reference Data
17 27 (1.50%) Algorithms
18 25 (1.39%) Virtual Team
19 22 (1.22%) Management Information System
20 20 (1.11%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 256 (14.24%) Linux
2 110 (6.12%) Windows
3 81 (4.51%) Unix
4 45 (2.50%) Apple iOS
5 36 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 33 (1.84%) Android
7 32 (1.78%) tvOS
8 23 (1.28%) Windows Server
9 10 (0.56%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.39%) Solaris
10 7 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.28%) CentOS
12 5 (0.28%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.17%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.17%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.11%) SUSE
14 2 (0.11%) VMS
14 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.056%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 936 (52.06%) Agile Software Development
2 464 (25.81%) DevOps
3 420 (23.36%) Microservices
4 362 (20.13%) Software Engineering
5 335 (18.63%) TDD
6 296 (16.46%) Continuous Integration
7 285 (15.85%) Asset Management
8 281 (15.63%) Scrum
9 246 (13.68%) Test Automation
10 214 (11.90%) Open Source
11 189 (10.51%) BDD
12 174 (9.68%) Front End Development
13 153 (8.51%) Analytics
14 132 (7.34%) Unit Testing
15 130 (7.23%) MVC
16 124 (6.90%) Kanban
17 120 (6.67%) Mentoring
18 106 (5.90%) SDLC
19 104 (5.78%) E-Commerce
20 103 (5.73%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 832 (46.27%) Java
2 574 (31.92%) JavaScript
3 458 (25.47%) Python
4 314 (17.46%) SQL
5 312 (17.35%) C#
6 98 (5.45%) C++
7 86 (4.78%) Ruby
8 83 (4.62%) Java 8
9 72 (4.00%) R
10 70 (3.89%) Scala
11 56 (3.11%) Apex Code
12 55 (3.06%) TypeScript
13 50 (2.78%) Bash Shell
14 48 (2.67%) PowerShell
15 43 (2.39%) Apple Swift
16 42 (2.34%) PL/SQL
17 41 (2.28%) Groovy
18 38 (2.11%) PHP
19 32 (1.78%) Kotlin
20 31 (1.72%) ES6
Qualifications
1 100 (5.56%) Degree
2 86 (4.78%) Security Cleared
3 64 (3.56%) SC Cleared
4 55 (3.06%) AWS Certification
5 19 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (0.78%) RHCE
7 13 (0.72%) CISSP
8 12 (0.67%) ISEB
9 11 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
9 11 (0.61%) ISTQB
10 10 (0.56%) CISM
11 7 (0.39%) CHECK Team Member
11 7 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.39%) OSCP
12 6 (0.33%) HND
12 6 (0.33%) SANS
13 5 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 5 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.28%) OSCE
14 4 (0.22%) GXPN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (6.12%) QA
2 23 (1.28%) GDPR
3 22 (1.22%) SLA
4 21 (1.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.89%) Data Quality
6 13 (0.72%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.56%) NIST
8 8 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 6 (0.33%) NCSC
10 5 (0.28%) HL7
11 4 (0.22%) PSD2
12 2 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
12 2 (0.11%) EMIR
12 2 (0.11%) MiFID
12 2 (0.11%) PMO
12 2 (0.11%) SEPA
13 1 (0.056%) Disclosure Scotland
13 1 (0.056%) GxP
13 1 (0.056%) WAI
System Software
1 435 (24.19%) Docker
2 40 (2.22%) Active Directory
3 23 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.89%) vSphere
5 11 (0.61%) Virtual Servers
6 10 (0.56%) HDFS
7 8 (0.44%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.11%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.11%) Varnish
9 2 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.11%) XenApp
9 2 (0.11%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.056%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.056%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.056%) Postfix
10 1 (0.056%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.056%) zsh
Systems Management
1 283 (15.74%) Terraform
2 278 (15.46%) Kubernetes
3 163 (9.07%) Ansible
4 61 (3.39%) Puppet
5 51 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (0.78%) Packer
7 14 (0.78%) Suricata
8 10 (0.56%) Kibana
9 9 (0.50%) Mesos
10 8 (0.44%) logstash
11 5 (0.28%) Marathon
11 5 (0.28%) Salt
12 4 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.22%) SELinux
13 3 (0.17%) Consul
13 3 (0.17%) FortiGate
13 3 (0.17%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.17%) SCCM
Vendors
1 167 (9.29%) Microsoft
2 157 (8.73%) Oracle
3 95 (5.28%) Google
4 82 (4.56%) Salesforce.com
5 63 (3.50%) Bloomberg
6 59 (3.28%) ServiceNow
7 52 (2.89%) Reuters
8 49 (2.73%) Splunk
9 46 (2.56%) MuleSoft
10 43 (2.39%) Red Hat
11 40 (2.22%) Adobe
12 38 (2.11%) SAP
13 34 (1.89%) Apple
14 33 (1.84%) VMware
15 23 (1.28%) Sybase
16 21 (1.17%) IBM
16 21 (1.17%) Informatica
16 21 (1.17%) TIBCO
17 20 (1.11%) Qualys
18 14 (0.78%) Tableau