Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 31 53 46
Rank change year-on-year +22 -7 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,275 1,896 2,304
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.41% 4.68% 5.05%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.82% 12.63% 13.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,009 1,256 1,753
Median daily rate £559 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.48% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £400 £375
90th Percentile £750 £675 £625
England median daily rate £530 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 22
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.18 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.78% +38.06% -36.00%
10th Percentile £31.09 £20.05 £21.25
90th Percentile £43.96 £48.75 £49.75
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -22.22% +16.13% -9.88%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,580 15,012 16,728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.13% 37.03% 36.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,456 11,189 12,793
Median daily rate £530 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £656
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 74 120
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.05 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.54% +1.84% -1.14%
10th Percentile £24.80 £27.75 £21.00
90th Percentile £65.10 £63.75 £67.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.71 £42.27
% change year-on-year -19.92% +3.41% +4.36%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +8 142 £500 -4.76% 30
South London +10 49 £525 - 8
West London +7 25 £525 - 8
East London -16 9 £575 +9.52% 5
North London +9 3 £600 +37.93% 2
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 733 (57.49%) Agile Software Development
2 651 (51.06%) AWS
3 599 (46.98%) Java
4 489 (38.35%) Finance
5 484 (37.96%) JavaScript
6 428 (33.57%) DevOps
7 390 (30.59%) Software Engineering
8 381 (29.88%) Python
9 348 (27.29%) Front Office
10 338 (26.51%) Asset Management
11 324 (25.41%) Azure
12 302 (23.69%) Microservices
13 299 (23.45%) REST
13 299 (23.45%) AngularJS
14 290 (22.75%) Fixed Income
15 276 (21.65%) SQL
16 271 (21.25%) Docker
17 255 (20.00%) C#
18 254 (19.92%) React
19 249 (19.53%) Kubernetes
20 242 (18.98%) Hedge funds
21 237 (18.59%) Equities
22 230 (18.04%) Derivative
23 227 (17.80%) Jenkins
24 218 (17.10%) .NET
25 206 (16.16%) Git (software)
26 204 (16.00%) RESTful
27 199 (15.61%) TDD
28 197 (15.45%) Banking
29 193 (15.14%) Scrum

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
2 53 (4.16%) Apache
3 49 (3.84%) Confluence
4 36 (2.82%) Tomcat
4 36 (2.82%) WebLogic
5 28 (2.20%) IIS
6 22 (1.73%) CMS
7 19 (1.49%) Apache Spark
8 18 (1.41%) WebSphere
9 17 (1.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 17 (1.33%) SharePoint
10 14 (1.10%) BizTalk Server
11 13 (1.02%) SAS
12 6 (0.47%) Drupal
13 5 (0.39%) Jupyter
14 4 (0.31%) JBoss
14 4 (0.31%) Jetty
14 4 (0.31%) nginx
15 3 (0.24%) Oracle Workflow
15 3 (0.24%) Umbraco
Applications
1 17 (1.33%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.47%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.39%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.39%) Zeplin
4 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.31%) RoboHelp
5 2 (0.16%) Figma
6 1 (0.078%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.078%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.078%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 32 (2.51%) Markit EDM
2 25 (1.96%) SimCorp Dimension
3 13 (1.02%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (1.02%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 10 (0.78%) Oracle ERP
5 8 (0.63%) FINCAD Analytics
5 8 (0.63%) NetSuite
6 7 (0.55%) PolarLake
7 4 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.24%) Eagle PACE
8 3 (0.24%) Magento
8 3 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.16%) Maximo
9 2 (0.16%) Shopify
10 1 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.078%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.078%) Dynamics NAV
10 1 (0.078%) Endur
10 1 (0.078%) Oracle Payables
10 1 (0.078%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 651 (51.06%) AWS
2 324 (25.41%) Azure
3 177 (13.88%) GCP
4 149 (11.69%) Serverless
5 124 (9.73%) AWS Lambda
6 117 (9.18%) Amazon ECS
7 113 (8.86%) OpenShift
8 105 (8.24%) Amazon EC2
9 100 (7.84%) Amazon S3
10 92 (7.22%) Amazon SQS
11 87 (6.82%) AWS CloudFormation
12 71 (5.57%) GitHub
13 69 (5.41%) SaaS
14 41 (3.22%) PaaS
15 21 (1.65%) Apigee
16 19 (1.49%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 17 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
17 17 (1.33%) Power Platform
18 15 (1.18%) Salesforce Service Cloud
19 14 (1.10%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.61%) HTTP
2 23 (1.80%) VPN
3 22 (1.73%) Internet
4 20 (1.57%) Firewall
5 17 (1.33%) TCP/IP
6 13 (1.02%) DNS
7 10 (0.78%) WAN
8 9 (0.71%) DMZ
8 9 (0.71%) Wireless
9 5 (0.39%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.39%) Network Security
9 5 (0.39%) SSL
10 3 (0.24%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.16%) DHCP
11 2 (0.16%) FTP
11 2 (0.16%) Intranet
11 2 (0.16%) Intrusion Detection
11 2 (0.16%) SMTP
11 2 (0.16%) X.509
12 1 (0.078%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 172 (13.49%) SQL Server
2 126 (9.88%) Amazon RDS
3 121 (9.49%) MySQL
4 110 (8.63%) Amazon Redshift
4 110 (8.63%) PostgreSQL
5 106 (8.31%) NoSQL
6 95 (7.45%) Relational Database
7 80 (6.27%) MongoDB
8 74 (5.80%) Redis
9 72 (5.65%) Big Data
10 52 (4.08%) RDBMS
11 36 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
12 34 (2.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 33 (2.59%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 27 (2.12%) Amazon Aurora
15 26 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (1.73%) Hadoop
17 19 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 17 (1.33%) Oracle Database
18 17 (1.33%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 227 (17.80%) Jenkins
2 206 (16.16%) Git (software)
3 117 (9.18%) JIRA
4 99 (7.76%) Artifactory
5 93 (7.29%) RStudio
6 89 (6.98%) Maven
7 72 (5.65%) Gradle
8 71 (5.57%) JUnit
9 56 (4.39%) Mockito
10 51 (4.00%) TeamCity
11 50 (3.92%) GitLab
12 37 (2.90%) Visual Studio Team System
13 34 (2.67%) Octopus Deploy
14 33 (2.59%) Selenium
15 30 (2.35%) Postman
16 28 (2.20%) Cucumber
17 27 (2.12%) Travis CI
18 25 (1.96%) RSpec
18 25 (1.96%) Visual Studio
19 24 (1.88%) SoapUI
General
1 489 (38.35%) Finance
2 348 (27.29%) Front Office
3 197 (15.45%) Banking
4 120 (9.41%) Investment Banking
5 81 (6.35%) Public Sector
6 35 (2.75%) Back Office
7 26 (2.04%) Marketing
8 23 (1.80%) Retail
9 14 (1.10%) Games
10 12 (0.94%) Telecoms
11 11 (0.86%) Legal
12 10 (0.78%) Publishing
13 8 (0.63%) Law
14 7 (0.55%) Manufacturing
14 7 (0.55%) Police
15 6 (0.47%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.39%) Billing
17 4 (0.31%) Electronics
18 3 (0.24%) Financial Institution
18 3 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 767 (60.16%) Developer
2 233 (18.27%) Java Developer
3 207 (16.24%) AWS Developer
4 160 (12.55%) AWS Engineer
5 140 (10.98%) Software Engineer
6 122 (9.57%) Architect
7 103 (8.08%) .NET Developer
8 99 (7.76%) Senior Developer
9 89 (6.98%) Java Engineer
10 88 (6.90%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 80 (6.27%) Python Developer
12 71 (5.57%) Java Software Developer
13 69 (5.41%) C# Developer
13 69 (5.41%) JavaScript Developer
13 69 (5.41%) Python Engineer
14 64 (5.02%) AWS Software Engineer
15 62 (4.86%) React Developer
16 56 (4.39%) Full Stack Developer
17 55 (4.31%) Lead Developer
17 55 (4.31%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 299 (23.45%) AngularJS
1 299 (23.45%) REST
2 254 (19.92%) React
3 218 (17.10%) .NET
4 204 (16.00%) RESTful
5 178 (13.96%) SOAP
6 176 (13.80%) HTML
6 176 (13.80%) Node.js
7 166 (13.02%) J2EE
8 152 (11.92%) CSS
9 145 (11.37%) XML
10 139 (10.90%) Spring
11 108 (8.47%) JSON
12 100 (7.84%) Vue.js
13 96 (7.53%) ASP.NET
14 79 (6.20%) .NET Core
15 69 (5.41%) Spring Boot
16 65 (5.10%) J2SE
17 56 (4.39%) Swagger
18 53 (4.16%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 290 (22.75%) Fixed Income
2 242 (18.98%) Hedge funds
3 237 (18.59%) Equities
4 230 (18.04%) Derivative
5 170 (13.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 116 (9.10%) Greenfield Project
7 94 (7.37%) Analytical Skills
8 82 (6.43%) User Experience
9 54 (4.24%) Reference Data
10 49 (3.84%) Blog
11 43 (3.37%) Data Structures
12 36 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
13 28 (2.20%) Public Cloud
14 27 (2.12%) Mobile App
15 25 (1.96%) Algorithms
16 21 (1.65%) Equity Derivative
17 18 (1.41%) Management Information System
18 16 (1.25%) BYOD
19 15 (1.18%) Cloud Native
20 13 (1.02%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 97 (7.61%) Linux
2 81 (6.35%) Windows
3 51 (4.00%) Unix
4 22 (1.73%) Windows Server
5 15 (1.18%) Android
6 11 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 7 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
9 5 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.078%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 733 (57.49%) Agile Software Development
2 428 (33.57%) DevOps
3 390 (30.59%) Software Engineering
4 338 (26.51%) Asset Management
5 302 (23.69%) Microservices
6 199 (15.61%) TDD
7 193 (15.14%) Scrum
8 157 (12.31%) Investment Management
9 154 (12.08%) Open Source
10 153 (12.00%) Decision-Making
11 141 (11.06%) Test Automation
12 120 (9.41%) Front End Development
13 113 (8.86%) Continuous Integration
14 99 (7.76%) Deployment Automation
15 95 (7.45%) Portfolio Management
16 92 (7.22%) Business Analysis
17 90 (7.06%) BDD
18 89 (6.98%) Analytics
19 88 (6.90%) Migration
20 81 (6.35%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 599 (46.98%) Java
2 484 (37.96%) JavaScript
3 381 (29.88%) Python
4 276 (21.65%) SQL
5 255 (20.00%) C#
6 114 (8.94%) R
7 94 (7.37%) TypeScript
8 79 (6.20%) Java 8
9 45 (3.53%) Ruby
10 39 (3.06%) Kotlin
11 37 (2.90%) PowerShell
12 35 (2.75%) C++
12 35 (2.75%) F#
13 33 (2.59%) Apex Code
13 33 (2.59%) T-SQL
14 32 (2.51%) Groovy
15 30 (2.35%) PL/SQL
16 27 (2.12%) PHP
17 26 (2.04%) Go
18 22 (1.73%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 128 (10.04%) Security Cleared
2 104 (8.16%) SC Cleared
3 84 (6.59%) Degree
4 38 (2.98%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.65%) CISSP
6 16 (1.25%) BC Cleared
7 14 (1.10%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.86%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.86%) ISEB
9 9 (0.71%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.63%) Sun Certification
11 6 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
11 6 (0.47%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.39%) CESG Certified Professional
12 5 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.39%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.24%) CCA
13 3 (0.24%) CISM
13 3 (0.24%) ISEB Practitioner
13 3 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (2.90%) QA
2 22 (1.73%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.71%) SLA
4 6 (0.47%) GDPR
5 3 (0.24%) MiFID
6 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.078%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.078%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.078%) HL7
7 1 (0.078%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.078%) NIST
7 1 (0.078%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.078%) RMADS
7 1 (0.078%) TARGET2
System Software
1 271 (21.25%) Docker
2 40 (3.14%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.47%) vSphere
5 4 (0.31%) zsh
6 3 (0.24%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.24%) Postfix
7 2 (0.16%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.16%) HDFS
7 2 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.078%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.078%) GridGain
8 1 (0.078%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 249 (19.53%) Kubernetes
2 147 (11.53%) Terraform
3 51 (4.00%) Ansible
4 30 (2.35%) Puppet
5 18 (1.41%) Single Sign-On
6 9 (0.71%) FortiGate
6 9 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.55%) logstash
7 7 (0.55%) Packer
8 6 (0.47%) Forefront Identity Manager
9 5 (0.39%) Kibana
10 3 (0.24%) Istio
11 2 (0.16%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.16%) Salt
11 2 (0.16%) SCCM
12 1 (0.078%) Control-M
12 1 (0.078%) HAProxy
12 1 (0.078%) Microsoft Intune
12 1 (0.078%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 1 (0.078%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 131 (10.27%) Oracle
2 127 (9.96%) Google
3 70 (5.49%) Microsoft
4 44 (3.45%) SAP
5 43 (3.37%) Salesforce.com
6 33 (2.59%) Bloomberg
7 31 (2.43%) ServiceNow
8 27 (2.12%) hybris
9 26 (2.04%) Charles River
10 25 (1.96%) Atlassian
10 25 (1.96%) Calypso
10 25 (1.96%) SimCorp
11 23 (1.80%) GoldenSource
12 18 (1.41%) Adobe
13 17 (1.33%) IBM
14 14 (1.10%) Informatica
15 12 (0.94%) Remedy
15 12 (0.94%) VMware
16 11 (0.86%) CyberArk
17 10 (0.78%) MuleSoft