Period
to 18 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
18 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 46 46 36
Rank change year-on-year 0 -10 +1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,294 1,997 2,381
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.97% 4.78% 5.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.14% 13.31% 16.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,710 1,370 1,798
London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £375 £355 £337
90th Percentile £643 £625 £613
England median daily rate £475 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 18 1
London median hourly rate £33.77 £50.00 £43.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.46% +14.76% +24.49%
England median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -5.56% +9.09% +13.79%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,463 15,000 14,873
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.80% 35.89% 32.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,290 11,154 11,236
London median daily rate £513 £489 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.86% +5.11% +3.33%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 117 98 51
London median hourly rate £43.50 £38.75 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.26% +33.62% -3.33%
10th Percentile £18.45 £18.40 £19.00
90th Percentile £71.38 £54.38 £57.50
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.54% +8.00% +4.17%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 18 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 435 £500 - 144
South London -17 134 £475 +5.56% 22
West London +24 125 £500 +2.04% 60
East London -9 46 £550 +2.33% 21
North London -2 9 £430 +10.97% 10
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 18 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,235 (53.84%) Agile Software Development
2 1,075 (46.86%) Java
3 803 (35.00%) Amazon AWS
4 645 (28.12%) JavaScript
5 642 (27.99%) REST
6 635 (27.68%) TDD
7 544 (23.71%) RESTful
8 481 (20.97%) SQL
9 478 (20.84%) Finance
10 468 (20.40%) Jenkins
11 456 (19.88%) DevOps
12 454 (19.79%) Git (software)
13 452 (19.70%) SOAP
14 441 (19.22%) Spring
15 439 (19.14%) Continuous Integration
16 431 (18.79%) Scrum
17 417 (18.18%) .NET
18 400 (17.44%) HTML
19 397 (17.31%) C#
20 390 (17.00%) XML
21 371 (16.17%) BDD
22 360 (15.69%) Docker
23 356 (15.52%) CSS
24 345 (15.04%) Microservices
25 334 (14.56%) JSON
26 324 (14.12%) Linux
27 323 (14.08%) SQL Server
28 312 (13.60%) AngularJS
29 308 (13.43%) Test Automation
30 299 (13.03%) Python

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (5.36%) Confluence
2 110 (4.80%) Apache
3 104 (4.53%) Tomcat
4 88 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
5 83 (3.62%) CMS
6 80 (3.49%) WebSphere
7 58 (2.53%) SharePoint
8 45 (1.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 44 (1.92%) JBoss
10 39 (1.70%) IIS
11 33 (1.44%) Apache Spark
12 32 (1.39%) Mule
13 30 (1.31%) Sitecore CMS
14 25 (1.09%) nginx
14 25 (1.09%) NServiceBus
14 25 (1.09%) WordPress
15 24 (1.05%) Apache Solr
15 24 (1.05%) Mule ESB
15 24 (1.05%) WebLogic
16 22 (0.96%) MQSeries
Applications
1 32 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (1.00%) MS Visio
3 21 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.31%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.26%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 5 (0.22%) InVision
7 5 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
8 3 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.044%) SPSS
9 1 (0.044%) Stata
Business Applications
1 24 (1.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (1.00%) Payment Gateway
3 14 (0.61%) Workday HCM
4 13 (0.57%) Oracle BPM
5 10 (0.44%) Elite 3E
6 9 (0.39%) Magento
7 7 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
9 4 (0.17%) Global One
9 4 (0.17%) ION MarketView
9 4 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 3 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
11 2 (0.087%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.087%) Concordance
11 2 (0.087%) Markit EDM
11 2 (0.087%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.087%) Oracle Receivables
11 2 (0.087%) Pivotal CRM
11 2 (0.087%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 803 (35.00%) Amazon AWS
2 291 (12.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 121 (5.27%) Amazon EC2
4 78 (3.40%) Serverless
5 69 (3.01%) Amazon S3
6 54 (2.35%) Google Cloud Platform
7 53 (2.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 52 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
9 51 (2.22%) PaaS
10 45 (1.96%) SaaS
11 41 (1.79%) AWS CloudFormation
11 41 (1.79%) GitHub
12 34 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
13 31 (1.35%) IaaS
14 30 (1.31%) Office 365
15 29 (1.26%) OpenShift
16 27 (1.18%) npm
17 21 (0.92%) BrowserStack
18 15 (0.65%) Amazon ELB
18 15 (0.65%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 134 (5.84%) HTTP
2 51 (2.22%) Internet
3 50 (2.18%) TCP/IP
4 32 (1.39%) Firewall
5 29 (1.26%) FTP
6 27 (1.18%) SSL
7 26 (1.13%) DNS
8 19 (0.83%) VPN
9 15 (0.65%) Network Security
10 11 (0.48%) SMTP
11 9 (0.39%) AMQP
11 9 (0.39%) X.509
12 8 (0.35%) LAN
12 8 (0.35%) SAN
12 8 (0.35%) SMS
12 8 (0.35%) WAN
13 7 (0.31%) Kerberos
14 6 (0.26%) DHCP
14 6 (0.26%) Intranet
14 6 (0.26%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 323 (14.08%) SQL Server
2 211 (9.20%) NoSQL
3 198 (8.63%) Relational Database
4 153 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
5 125 (5.45%) MongoDB
6 124 (5.41%) MySQL
7 82 (3.57%) Hadoop
8 77 (3.36%) Big Data
9 74 (3.23%) Apache Cassandra
10 57 (2.48%) Oracle Database
11 43 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
11 43 (1.87%) RDBMS
12 42 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
13 38 (1.66%) HBase
14 35 (1.53%) SQL Server 2012
14 35 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 34 (1.48%) Redis
16 33 (1.44%) Amazon Redshift
16 33 (1.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 29 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 468 (20.40%) Jenkins
2 454 (19.79%) Git (software)
3 231 (10.07%) JIRA
4 192 (8.37%) Maven
5 177 (7.72%) Selenium
6 167 (7.28%) JUnit
7 114 (4.97%) TeamCity
8 96 (4.18%) Subversion
9 93 (4.05%) Cucumber
10 92 (4.01%) Mockito
11 87 (3.79%) Gradle
12 62 (2.70%) Team Foundation Server
13 58 (2.53%) SpecFlow
14 57 (2.48%) Octopus Deploy
15 53 (2.31%) WebDriver
16 51 (2.22%) Eclipse
17 50 (2.18%) webpack
18 49 (2.14%) SoapUI
18 49 (2.14%) Visual Studio
19 45 (1.96%) Ant
General
1 478 (20.84%) Finance
2 267 (11.64%) Banking
3 84 (3.66%) Retail
4 67 (2.92%) Investment Banking
5 59 (2.57%) Front Office
6 48 (2.09%) Financial Institution
7 40 (1.74%) Games
8 39 (1.70%) Telecoms
9 35 (1.53%) Advertising
10 33 (1.44%) Legal
11 31 (1.35%) Marketing
12 24 (1.05%) Back Office
13 19 (0.83%) Electronics
14 18 (0.78%) Law
14 18 (0.78%) Manufacturing
15 15 (0.65%) Billing
16 8 (0.35%) Music Industry
16 8 (0.35%) Publishing
17 6 (0.26%) Retail Banking
18 4 (0.17%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,328 (57.89%) Developer
2 464 (20.23%) Java Developer
3 238 (10.37%) Architect
4 235 (10.24%) Senior Developer
5 212 (9.24%) .NET Developer
6 147 (6.41%) DevOps Engineer
7 120 (5.23%) C# Developer
8 108 (4.71%) Senior Java Developer
9 102 (4.45%) AWS Engineer
10 99 (4.32%) AWS Developer
11 89 (3.88%) AWS DevOps
12 82 (3.57%) Consultant
13 77 (3.36%) JavaScript Developer
14 76 (3.31%) Java Engineer
15 71 (3.10%) C# .NET Developer
15 71 (3.10%) Full Stack Developer
16 65 (2.83%) Python Developer
16 65 (2.83%) Senior .NET Developer
16 65 (2.83%) Solutions Architect
17 64 (2.79%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 642 (27.99%) REST
2 544 (23.71%) RESTful
3 452 (19.70%) SOAP
4 441 (19.22%) Spring
5 417 (18.18%) .NET
6 400 (17.44%) HTML
7 390 (17.00%) XML
8 356 (15.52%) CSS
9 334 (14.56%) JSON
10 312 (13.60%) AngularJS
11 262 (11.42%) Node.js
12 204 (8.89%) J2EE
13 192 (8.37%) React
14 186 (8.11%) Hibernate
15 166 (7.24%) HTML5
16 157 (6.84%) JMS
17 145 (6.32%) jQuery
18 144 (6.28%) Spring Boot
19 143 (6.23%) ASP.NET
20 126 (5.49%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 129 (5.62%) Analytical Skills
2 125 (5.45%) Greenfield Project
3 112 (4.88%) User Experience
4 100 (4.36%) Mobile App
5 75 (3.27%) Computer Science
6 74 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
7 57 (2.48%) Fintech
8 47 (2.05%) Data Structures
8 47 (2.05%) Public Cloud
9 41 (1.79%) Hedge funds
10 40 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
11 35 (1.53%) Algorithms
12 33 (1.44%) Fixed Income
13 31 (1.35%) Data Centre
14 28 (1.22%) iPad
15 21 (0.92%) Management Information System
15 21 (0.92%) PKI
15 21 (0.92%) Virtual Team
16 18 (0.78%) Client/Server
16 18 (0.78%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 324 (14.12%) Linux
2 169 (7.37%) Windows
3 168 (7.32%) Unix
4 98 (4.27%) Android
5 61 (2.66%) Apple iOS
6 55 (2.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 44 (1.92%) Windows Server
8 25 (1.09%) CentOS
9 17 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (0.48%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.44%) Solaris
12 9 (0.39%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
13 7 (0.31%) HPUX
13 7 (0.31%) Mac OS X
14 5 (0.22%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 4 (0.17%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.17%) Windows 7
16 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
17 2 (0.087%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,235 (53.84%) Agile Software Development
2 635 (27.68%) TDD
3 456 (19.88%) DevOps
4 439 (19.14%) Continuous Integration
5 431 (18.79%) Scrum
6 371 (16.17%) BDD
7 345 (15.04%) Microservices
8 308 (13.43%) Test Automation
9 289 (12.60%) MVC
10 239 (10.42%) SOA
11 208 (9.07%) Software Engineering
12 204 (8.89%) Unit Testing
13 203 (8.85%) E-Commerce
14 197 (8.59%) OO
15 186 (8.11%) SDLC
16 185 (8.06%) Open Source
17 171 (7.45%) Web Development
18 162 (7.06%) Problem-Solving
19 146 (6.36%) Pair Programming
20 121 (5.27%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,075 (46.86%) Java
2 645 (28.12%) JavaScript
3 481 (20.97%) SQL
4 397 (17.31%) C#
5 299 (13.03%) Python
6 224 (9.76%) Java 8
7 108 (4.71%) Ruby
8 106 (4.62%) Groovy
9 87 (3.79%) Scala
10 85 (3.71%) Bash Shell
11 67 (2.92%) C++
12 65 (2.83%) PHP
13 63 (2.75%) Shell Script
13 63 (2.75%) T-SQL
13 63 (2.75%) XPath
14 60 (2.62%) Perl
15 55 (2.40%) PowerShell
16 54 (2.35%) ES6
17 53 (2.31%) PL/SQL
18 47 (2.05%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 134 (5.84%) Security Cleared
2 128 (5.58%) Degree
3 108 (4.71%) SC Cleared
4 46 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.26%) DV Cleared
6 19 (0.83%) AWS Certification
7 16 (0.70%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.65%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.52%) Siebel Certification
11 11 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
11 11 (0.48%) ISEB
11 11 (0.48%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.31%) CCNP
12 7 (0.31%) CEH
12 7 (0.31%) CISSP
12 7 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.31%) OSCP
13 6 (0.26%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 141 (6.15%) QA
2 25 (1.09%) SLA
3 23 (1.00%) GDPR
4 12 (0.52%) PMO
5 11 (0.48%) GCP
6 8 (0.35%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.26%) HL7
7 6 (0.26%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.22%) ISO 8583
8 5 (0.22%) PSD2
9 4 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.13%) WCAG
11 2 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.044%) DICOM
12 1 (0.044%) Dodd-Frank
12 1 (0.044%) EMIR
12 1 (0.044%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.044%) IFRS
12 1 (0.044%) IFRS 9
12 1 (0.044%) MiFID
System Software
1 360 (15.69%) Docker
2 72 (3.14%) Active Directory
3 38 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.57%) vSphere
5 11 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.26%) VirtualBox
8 5 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.22%) HDFS
8 5 (0.22%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.13%) NFS
9 3 (0.13%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.087%) etcd
10 2 (0.087%) Postfix
10 2 (0.087%) Varnish
10 2 (0.087%) vCloud
10 2 (0.087%) XenApp
11 1 (0.044%) pfSense
11 1 (0.044%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 166 (7.24%) Terraform
2 136 (5.93%) Kubernetes
3 130 (5.67%) Ansible
4 122 (5.32%) Opscode Chef
5 104 (4.53%) Puppet
6 47 (2.05%) Single Sign-On
7 34 (1.48%) Mesos
8 29 (1.26%) Kibana
9 28 (1.22%) Packer
10 26 (1.13%) logstash
11 22 (0.96%) Prometheus
12 16 (0.70%) Grafana
13 12 (0.52%) CA Single Sign-On
13 12 (0.52%) OpenSSO
14 11 (0.48%) Control-M
15 10 (0.44%) Rancher
15 10 (0.44%) Salt
16 9 (0.39%) Graphite
17 8 (0.35%) SCCM
18 6 (0.26%) MOM
Vendors
1 233 (10.16%) Oracle
2 221 (9.63%) Microsoft
3 85 (3.71%) Google
4 79 (3.44%) IBM
5 69 (3.01%) Salesforce.com
6 58 (2.53%) Sitecore
6 58 (2.53%) VMware
7 41 (1.79%) SAP
8 40 (1.74%) Atlassian
9 37 (1.61%) ServiceNow
10 34 (1.48%) Adobe
11 31 (1.35%) MuleSoft
12 30 (1.31%) Tableau
13 27 (1.18%) Informatica
14 25 (1.09%) Red Hat
15 24 (1.05%) Siebel
16 23 (1.00%) TIBCO
17 22 (0.96%) ATG
17 22 (0.96%) Sybase
18 21 (0.92%) Splunk