Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 52 39 36
Rank change year-on-year -13 -3 +1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,219 2,602 2,491
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.83% 5.56% 5.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.31% 14.94% 15.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,552 1,909 1,868
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £383 £363 £338
90th Percentile £656 £625 £600
England median daily rate £475 £463 £438
% change year-on-year +2.70% +5.71% +5.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 12 12
London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -10.00% -
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +7.50%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,022 17,422 15,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.23% 37.20% 34.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,584 13,310 11,779
London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £370 £350 £319
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 80 103 74
London median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -12.50% +11.89%
10th Percentile £19.25 £19.09 £19.23
90th Percentile £64.58 £49.75 £64.50
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -39 313 £500 - 141
South London -19 132 £525 +10.53% 20
West London -9 106 £513 -0.97% 79
East London +13 72 £575 +27.78% 37
North London -2 5 £650 +33.33% 9
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,162 (52.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,005 (45.29%) Java
3 918 (41.37%) Amazon AWS
4 643 (28.98%) TDD
5 608 (27.40%) JavaScript
6 537 (24.20%) REST
7 514 (23.16%) Jenkins
8 502 (22.62%) Finance
9 501 (22.58%) DevOps
10 495 (22.31%) Microservices
11 479 (21.59%) RESTful
12 451 (20.32%) SQL
13 448 (20.19%) Docker
14 422 (19.02%) Continuous Integration
15 418 (18.84%) Spring
15 418 (18.84%) BDD
16 393 (17.71%) Git (software)
17 385 (17.35%) Scrum
18 365 (16.45%) SOAP
19 354 (15.95%) HTML
20 353 (15.91%) C#
21 344 (15.50%) .NET
22 337 (15.19%) Linux
23 336 (15.14%) Python
24 330 (14.87%) Test Automation
25 322 (14.51%) AngularJS
26 303 (13.65%) XML
27 289 (13.02%) Banking
28 283 (12.75%) CSS
29 265 (11.94%) Java 8

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (5.05%) Confluence
2 89 (4.01%) Elasticsearch
3 71 (3.20%) CMS
4 62 (2.79%) Apache
5 58 (2.61%) IIS
6 57 (2.57%) Tomcat
7 47 (2.12%) JBoss
8 45 (2.03%) SharePoint
9 33 (1.49%) WebSphere
10 30 (1.35%) Drupal
11 28 (1.26%) Mule
12 27 (1.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 27 (1.22%) Apache Spark
13 26 (1.17%) MQSeries
13 26 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 23 (1.04%) WebLogic
15 19 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
16 18 (0.81%) NServiceBus
17 16 (0.72%) WordPress
18 14 (0.63%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 26 (1.17%) MS Visio
2 25 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.59%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.27%) InVision
6 2 (0.090%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.090%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.090%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.045%) Stata
Business Applications
1 20 (0.90%) Workday HCM
2 18 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
3 6 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
3 6 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.18%) Teamcenter
5 3 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.14%) Visualfiles
6 2 (0.090%) Bloomberg AIM
6 2 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.090%) Eagle PACE
6 2 (0.090%) Global One
6 2 (0.090%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.090%) Magento
6 2 (0.090%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.090%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.090%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.090%) thinkFolio
7 1 (0.045%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.045%) OpenText MBPM
Cloud Services
1 918 (41.37%) Amazon AWS
2 223 (10.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 179 (8.07%) Amazon EC2
4 103 (4.64%) Amazon S3
5 82 (3.70%) Serverless
6 81 (3.65%) Google Cloud Platform
7 75 (3.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 69 (3.11%) SaaS
9 66 (2.97%) AWS CloudFormation
10 57 (2.57%) GitHub
11 52 (2.34%) PaaS
12 47 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
13 41 (1.85%) OpenShift
14 33 (1.49%) IaaS
15 30 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
16 29 (1.31%) Amazon EMR
16 29 (1.31%) Route 53
17 23 (1.04%) Office 365
18 15 (0.68%) Amazon Glacier
18 15 (0.68%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.25%) TCP/IP
2 49 (2.21%) HTTP
3 47 (2.12%) Firewall
4 35 (1.58%) Internet
5 30 (1.35%) VPN
6 27 (1.22%) SSL
7 25 (1.13%) DNS
7 25 (1.13%) Network Security
8 22 (0.99%) WAN
9 21 (0.95%) LAN
10 14 (0.63%) AMQP
11 13 (0.59%) WLAN
12 12 (0.54%) Kerberos
13 11 (0.50%) FTP
14 10 (0.45%) DMZ
15 6 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
15 6 (0.27%) IPsec
15 6 (0.27%) Junos
16 5 (0.23%) MPLS
16 5 (0.23%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 255 (11.49%) SQL Server
2 156 (7.03%) MongoDB
3 155 (6.99%) Relational Database
4 135 (6.08%) NoSQL
5 114 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
6 106 (4.78%) Hadoop
6 106 (4.78%) MySQL
7 85 (3.83%) Apache Cassandra
8 77 (3.47%) Big Data
9 50 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
9 50 (2.25%) RDBMS
9 50 (2.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 47 (2.12%) Amazon Redshift
11 46 (2.07%) Amazon RDS
11 46 (2.07%) HBase
12 40 (1.80%) Oracle Database
13 38 (1.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 34 (1.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 25 (1.13%) Couchbase
15 25 (1.13%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 514 (23.16%) Jenkins
2 393 (17.71%) Git (software)
3 245 (11.04%) Maven
4 236 (10.64%) JIRA
5 175 (7.89%) Selenium
6 153 (6.89%) JUnit
7 126 (5.68%) TeamCity
8 118 (5.32%) Cucumber
9 105 (4.73%) Mockito
10 88 (3.97%) Subversion
11 78 (3.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 77 (3.47%) Gradle
13 71 (3.20%) SoapUI
14 69 (3.11%) Hudson
15 60 (2.70%) jMock
15 60 (2.70%) WebDriver
16 56 (2.52%) Octopus Deploy
17 54 (2.43%) SpecFlow
18 53 (2.39%) SonarQube
19 48 (2.16%) Artifactory
General
1 502 (22.62%) Finance
2 289 (13.02%) Banking
3 153 (6.89%) Front Office
4 108 (4.87%) Retail
5 69 (3.11%) Investment Banking
6 40 (1.80%) Marketing
7 35 (1.58%) Back Office
8 34 (1.53%) Financial Institution
9 32 (1.44%) Games
10 24 (1.08%) Legal
11 22 (0.99%) Telecoms
12 18 (0.81%) Advertising
13 17 (0.77%) Law
14 15 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
15 11 (0.50%) Electronics
15 11 (0.50%) Manufacturing
15 11 (0.50%) Publishing
16 7 (0.32%) Online Betting
17 4 (0.18%) Billing
18 3 (0.14%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 1,216 (54.80%) Developer
2 478 (21.54%) Java Developer
3 218 (9.82%) Senior Developer
4 214 (9.64%) Architect
5 174 (7.84%) DevOps Engineer
6 159 (7.17%) .NET Developer
7 143 (6.44%) AWS Engineer
8 127 (5.72%) C# Developer
9 106 (4.78%) AWS Developer
10 99 (4.46%) Senior Java Developer
11 93 (4.19%) Analyst
12 85 (3.83%) AWS DevOps
13 84 (3.79%) AWS Architect
13 84 (3.79%) Software Engineer
14 83 (3.74%) Lead Developer
15 78 (3.52%) Consultant
15 78 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
16 73 (3.29%) Java Engineer
17 71 (3.20%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 70 (3.15%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 537 (24.20%) REST
2 479 (21.59%) RESTful
3 418 (18.84%) Spring
4 365 (16.45%) SOAP
5 354 (15.95%) HTML
6 344 (15.50%) .NET
7 322 (14.51%) AngularJS
8 303 (13.65%) XML
9 283 (12.75%) CSS
10 262 (11.81%) JSON
11 226 (10.18%) Spring Boot
12 220 (9.91%) Node.js
13 210 (9.46%) React
14 187 (8.43%) Hibernate
15 170 (7.66%) J2EE
16 147 (6.62%) HTML5
17 127 (5.72%) jQuery
18 124 (5.59%) Kafka
19 116 (5.23%) JMS
20 108 (4.87%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 181 (8.16%) Greenfield Project
2 139 (6.26%) Analytical Skills
3 81 (3.65%) Fintech
4 77 (3.47%) Fixed Income
5 74 (3.33%) Mobile App
6 70 (3.15%) User Experience
7 63 (2.84%) Computer Science
8 57 (2.57%) Equities
9 52 (2.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 52 (2.34%) Public Cloud
10 41 (1.85%) Algorithms
10 41 (1.85%) Data Centre
11 36 (1.62%) Data Structures
12 34 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
13 33 (1.49%) Derivative
14 32 (1.44%) Hedge funds
14 32 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
15 23 (1.04%) Cloud Native
16 21 (0.95%) Enterprise Cloud
17 19 (0.86%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 337 (15.19%) Linux
2 160 (7.21%) Unix
3 136 (6.13%) Windows
4 60 (2.70%) Windows Server
5 54 (2.43%) Android
6 50 (2.25%) Apple iOS
6 50 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (0.54%) CentOS
8 12 (0.54%) Mac OS
8 12 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (0.45%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.27%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
11 4 (0.18%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.14%) Mesosphere
12 3 (0.14%) SUSE
13 2 (0.090%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 1 (0.045%) MVS
14 1 (0.045%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,162 (52.37%) Agile Software Development
2 643 (28.98%) TDD
3 501 (22.58%) DevOps
4 495 (22.31%) Microservices
5 422 (19.02%) Continuous Integration
6 418 (18.84%) BDD
7 385 (17.35%) Scrum
8 330 (14.87%) Test Automation
9 235 (10.59%) MVC
10 225 (10.14%) Open Source
11 223 (10.05%) Software Engineering
12 170 (7.66%) Unit Testing
13 167 (7.53%) Problem-Solving
14 163 (7.35%) E-Commerce
14 163 (7.35%) Kanban
15 160 (7.21%) SDLC
16 156 (7.03%) Migration
17 155 (6.99%) OO
18 138 (6.22%) SOA
19 132 (5.95%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,005 (45.29%) Java
2 608 (27.40%) JavaScript
3 451 (20.32%) SQL
4 353 (15.91%) C#
5 336 (15.14%) Python
6 265 (11.94%) Java 8
7 120 (5.41%) Scala
8 112 (5.05%) Ruby
9 85 (3.83%) C++
10 79 (3.56%) Groovy
11 78 (3.52%) Bash Shell
12 70 (3.15%) PowerShell
13 61 (2.75%) Perl
14 58 (2.61%) PHP
15 49 (2.21%) T-SQL
16 48 (2.16%) TypeScript
17 47 (2.12%) PL/SQL
18 38 (1.71%) Shell Script
19 37 (1.67%) ES6
20 30 (1.35%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 141 (6.35%) Security Cleared
2 124 (5.59%) SC Cleared
3 103 (4.64%) Degree
4 49 (2.21%) AWS Certification
5 30 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (0.90%) CISSP
7 18 (0.81%) CISM
8 15 (0.68%) CISA
8 15 (0.68%) ISEB
8 15 (0.68%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (0.59%) ISSAP
10 13 (0.59%) ISSMP
11 12 (0.54%) CSSLP
12 10 (0.45%) ITIL Certification
13 9 (0.41%) CTC Cleared
14 8 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
15 6 (0.27%) DV Cleared
15 6 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
16 5 (0.23%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (6.58%) QA
2 24 (1.08%) SLA
3 16 (0.72%) PCI DSS
4 14 (0.63%) GDPR
5 13 (0.59%) HIPAA
6 12 (0.54%) FedRAMP
7 9 (0.41%) IFRS
8 8 (0.36%) Data Quality
8 8 (0.36%) IFRS 9
8 8 (0.36%) PSD2
9 6 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.27%) PMO
10 4 (0.18%) Basel III
10 4 (0.18%) WCAG
11 3 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.14%) EMIR
11 3 (0.14%) HL7
11 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 3 (0.14%) MiFID
12 1 (0.045%) COBIT
System Software
1 448 (20.19%) Docker
2 65 (2.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 64 (2.88%) Active Directory
4 50 (2.25%) vSphere
5 10 (0.45%) VirtualBox
6 9 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (0.41%) XenApp
7 7 (0.32%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.27%) OpenAM
9 4 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.14%) KVM
10 3 (0.14%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.14%) Xen
11 2 (0.090%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.090%) etcd
11 2 (0.090%) LXC
11 2 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.090%) Postfix
11 2 (0.090%) vCloud
11 2 (0.090%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 230 (10.37%) Terraform
2 198 (8.92%) Kubernetes
3 133 (5.99%) Ansible
4 111 (5.00%) Puppet
5 110 (4.96%) Opscode Chef
6 55 (2.48%) Mesos
7 42 (1.89%) Packer
8 35 (1.58%) Single Sign-On
9 32 (1.44%) Kibana
10 27 (1.22%) logstash
11 19 (0.86%) SCCM
12 15 (0.68%) Prometheus
13 14 (0.63%) Marathon
14 11 (0.50%) Istio
14 11 (0.50%) Salt
14 11 (0.50%) SCOM
15 10 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
16 9 (0.41%) Rancher
17 7 (0.32%) Suricata
17 7 (0.32%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
Vendors
1 186 (8.38%) Oracle
2 185 (8.34%) Microsoft
3 107 (4.82%) Google
4 89 (4.01%) VMware
5 67 (3.02%) ServiceNow
6 63 (2.84%) Splunk
7 41 (1.85%) Sitecore
8 36 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
9 34 (1.53%) IBM
10 33 (1.49%) Adobe
10 33 (1.49%) Atlassian
11 31 (1.40%) MuleSoft
11 31 (1.40%) Red Hat
12 30 (1.35%) SAP
13 29 (1.31%) Reuters
13 29 (1.31%) Sybase
14 25 (1.13%) Tableau
14 25 (1.13%) Workday
15 23 (1.04%) TIBCO
16 20 (0.90%) hybris