Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 66 24 54
Rank change year-on-year -42 +30 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,440 1,024 1,665
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.03% 7.36% 4.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.75% 19.43% 12.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,137 850 1,025
10th Percentile £425 £431 £373
25th Percentile £484 £500 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £600 £525
Median % change year-on-year -8.33% +14.29% +2.44%
75th Percentile £659 £725 £613
90th Percentile £713 £800 £700
England median daily rate £540 £575 £500
% change year-on-year -6.09% +15.00% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 4
10th Percentile £43.51 £40.80 £44.88
25th Percentile £44.65 £42.00 £46.56
Median hourly rate £49.66 £45.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.13% -9.00% +56.25%
75th Percentile £58.13 £50.50 £52.50
90th Percentile £61.35 £52.60 "
England median hourly rate £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +23.53%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,254 5,271 13,352
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 34.30% 37.88% 36.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,205 3,909 10,065
10th Percentile £406 £360 £375
25th Percentile £475 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 20 66
10th Percentile £19.91 £22.38 £19.38
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.63 £36.70
Median hourly rate £49.00 £34.23 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +43.17% -31.55% +18.30%
75th Percentile £64.56 £40.94 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.85 £50.75 £64.37
England median hourly rate £49.00 £40.00 £45.95
% change year-on-year +22.50% -12.95% +10.43%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -14 128 £500 -9.09% 86
West London -7 33 £648 +43.89% 32
South London -8 7 £463 -12.94% 11
East London -5 6 £474 +35.36% 15
North London +4 4 £400 -33.33% 4
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 833 (57.85%) Agile Software Development
2 769 (53.40%) AWS
3 686 (47.64%) JavaScript
4 625 (43.40%) Finance
5 529 (36.74%) Java
6 475 (32.99%) Software Engineering
7 473 (32.85%) React
8 433 (30.07%) Docker
9 395 (27.43%) Full Stack Development
10 388 (26.94%) Asset Management
11 360 (25.00%) Kubernetes
12 357 (24.79%) Python
13 354 (24.58%) Terraform
14 348 (24.17%) Front Office
15 345 (23.96%) DevOps
16 340 (23.61%) Node.js
16 340 (23.61%) SQL
17 334 (23.19%) Azure
18 332 (23.06%) TypeScript
19 327 (22.71%) REST
20 321 (22.29%) Serverless
21 282 (19.58%) Investment Management
22 281 (19.51%) Amazon S3
23 265 (18.40%) AWS Lambda
24 253 (17.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
25 246 (17.08%) Material-UI
26 239 (16.60%) Microservices
27 238 (16.53%) Git (software)
28 236 (16.39%) AngularJS
29 234 (16.25%) TDD

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (3.54%) CMS
2 43 (2.99%) Apache
3 36 (2.50%) Confluence
4 32 (2.22%) Mule
5 28 (1.94%) JBoss
6 25 (1.74%) Apache Airflow
6 25 (1.74%) SharePoint
7 23 (1.60%) Tomcat
8 22 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
9 21 (1.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 20 (1.39%) Red Hat Fuse
11 19 (1.32%) Apache Spark
12 17 (1.18%) IIS
12 17 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (0.97%) nginx
14 11 (0.76%) Liferay
15 10 (0.69%) Mule ESB
15 10 (0.69%) Oracle Workflow
16 9 (0.63%) Anypoint
17 7 (0.49%) Appian
Applications
1 11 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.63%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.21%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.21%) SPSS
6 1 (0.069%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.069%) Figma
6 1 (0.069%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 7 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
3 4 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.21%) Magento
4 3 (0.21%) VisionPLUS
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.14%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.069%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.069%) Endur
6 1 (0.069%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.069%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.069%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.069%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.069%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.069%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.069%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 769 (53.40%) AWS
2 334 (23.19%) Azure
3 321 (22.29%) Serverless
4 281 (19.51%) Amazon S3
5 265 (18.40%) AWS Lambda
6 193 (13.40%) Amazon SQS
7 190 (13.19%) AWS Step Functions
8 172 (11.94%) GCP
9 95 (6.60%) Amazon EC2
10 78 (5.42%) GitHub
11 63 (4.38%) AWS CloudFormation
12 61 (4.24%) PaaS
13 52 (3.61%) SaaS
14 48 (3.33%) IaaS
15 46 (3.19%) Power Platform
16 34 (2.36%) Cloud Computing
17 32 (2.22%) Microsoft 365
18 30 (2.08%) OpenShift
19 28 (1.94%) Amazon EKS
20 27 (1.88%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 64 (4.44%) HTTP
2 23 (1.60%) Internet
3 16 (1.11%) SAN
4 15 (1.04%) DNS
4 15 (1.04%) TCP/IP
5 14 (0.97%) Firewall
6 10 (0.69%) Network Security
7 7 (0.49%) Intranet
7 7 (0.49%) NAS
7 7 (0.49%) SSL
8 6 (0.42%) Kerberos
8 6 (0.42%) VPN
9 5 (0.35%) FTP
10 4 (0.28%) DHCP
11 3 (0.21%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.21%) IPv4
11 3 (0.21%) MVNO
11 3 (0.21%) OSPF
11 3 (0.21%) SMS
11 3 (0.21%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 253 (17.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 206 (14.31%) Amazon RDS
3 171 (11.88%) SQL Server
4 84 (5.83%) NoSQL
5 82 (5.69%) Relational Database
6 66 (4.58%) MySQL
7 63 (4.38%) MongoDB
8 52 (3.61%) PostgreSQL
9 40 (2.78%) Power BI
10 36 (2.50%) Big Data
11 34 (2.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 25 (1.74%) Amazon Athena
13 24 (1.67%) Apache Ignite
14 23 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
15 19 (1.32%) Redis
16 18 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
17 16 (1.11%) RDBMS
18 15 (1.04%) Metadata
19 14 (0.97%) Oracle Database
19 14 (0.97%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 238 (16.53%) Git (software)
2 216 (15.00%) Jenkins
3 102 (7.08%) Maven
4 92 (6.39%) JUnit
5 86 (5.97%) JIRA
6 58 (4.03%) Mockito
7 52 (3.61%) GitLab
8 46 (3.19%) Cucumber
9 38 (2.64%) Subversion
10 37 (2.57%) Selenium
11 35 (2.43%) TeamCity
12 33 (2.29%) Bitbucket
13 30 (2.08%) Jasmine
14 28 (1.94%) Postman
15 26 (1.81%) Gatling
16 22 (1.53%) CircleCI
17 21 (1.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 21 (1.46%) jMock
18 20 (1.39%) webpack
19 18 (1.25%) Gradle
General
1 625 (43.40%) Finance
2 348 (24.17%) Front Office
3 195 (13.54%) Social Skills
4 130 (9.03%) Banking
5 77 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (3.75%) Marketing
7 52 (3.61%) Investment Banking
8 48 (3.33%) Public Sector
9 41 (2.85%) Presentation Skills
9 41 (2.85%) Retail
10 31 (2.15%) Telecoms
11 17 (1.18%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.76%) Electronics
12 11 (0.76%) German Language
13 10 (0.69%) Back Office
14 9 (0.63%) Billing
15 8 (0.56%) Documentation Skills
15 8 (0.56%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.56%) Influencing Skills
15 8 (0.56%) Legal
Job Titles
1 860 (59.72%) Developer
2 287 (19.93%) Software Engineer
3 214 (14.86%) React Developer
4 200 (13.89%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 174 (12.08%) AWS Engineer
6 169 (11.74%) Java Developer
7 125 (8.68%) AWS Developer
8 116 (8.06%) JavaScript Developer
9 114 (7.92%) Python Developer
10 110 (7.64%) Senior Developer
11 109 (7.57%) Full Stack Developer
12 107 (7.43%) Architect
13 104 (7.22%) JavaScript Engineer
14 98 (6.81%) AWS Software Engineer
15 91 (6.32%) Python Engineer
16 85 (5.90%) DevOps Engineer
17 68 (4.72%) Python Software Engineer
18 61 (4.24%) Node.js Developer
19 52 (3.61%) AWS DevOps
20 50 (3.47%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 473 (32.85%) React
2 340 (23.61%) Node.js
3 327 (22.71%) REST
4 246 (17.08%) Material-UI
5 236 (16.39%) AngularJS
6 224 (15.56%) HTML
7 221 (15.35%) CSS
8 196 (13.61%) Spring
9 192 (13.33%) RESTful
10 167 (11.60%) SOAP
11 159 (11.04%) .NET
11 159 (11.04%) XML
12 141 (9.79%) JSON
13 100 (6.94%) Vue.js
14 97 (6.74%) Spring Boot
15 81 (5.63%) HTML5
16 71 (4.93%) CSS3
17 70 (4.86%) Hibernate
18 63 (4.38%) Sass
19 52 (3.61%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 109 (7.57%) Equities
2 101 (7.01%) User Experience
3 100 (6.94%) Fixed Income
4 82 (5.69%) Derivative
5 80 (5.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 47 (3.26%) Mobile App
7 43 (2.99%) Data Protection Act
8 35 (2.43%) Cloud Native
9 29 (2.01%) Hedge funds
10 28 (1.94%) Management Information System
11 22 (1.53%) Data Structures
12 21 (1.46%) Public Cloud
13 20 (1.39%) Greenfield Project
13 20 (1.39%) Legacy Systems
14 19 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
15 17 (1.18%) Social Media
16 16 (1.11%) Algorithms
17 14 (0.97%) Data Centre
17 14 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
18 13 (0.90%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 160 (11.11%) Linux
2 86 (5.97%) Windows
3 70 (4.86%) Unix
4 31 (2.15%) Apple iOS
5 29 (2.01%) Android
6 23 (1.60%) Windows Server
7 22 (1.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.90%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.56%) tvOS
9 8 (0.56%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.42%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.28%) Solaris
11 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.21%) AIX
12 3 (0.21%) Mac OS X
12 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.14%) CentOS
14 1 (0.069%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.069%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 833 (57.85%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (32.99%) Software Engineering
3 395 (27.43%) Full Stack Development
4 388 (26.94%) Asset Management
5 345 (23.96%) DevOps
6 282 (19.58%) Investment Management
7 239 (16.60%) Microservices
8 234 (16.25%) TDD
9 165 (11.46%) Scrum
10 149 (10.35%) Test Automation
11 133 (9.24%) Unit Testing
12 126 (8.75%) SDLC
13 125 (8.68%) Continuous Integration
14 115 (7.99%) Problem-Solving
15 104 (7.22%) BDD
16 103 (7.15%) MVC
17 100 (6.94%) Analytics
18 92 (6.39%) Migration
19 80 (5.56%) OO
20 70 (4.86%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 686 (47.64%) JavaScript
2 529 (36.74%) Java
3 357 (24.79%) Python
4 340 (23.61%) SQL
5 332 (23.06%) TypeScript
6 136 (9.44%) C#
7 107 (7.43%) Kotlin
8 73 (5.07%) Java 8
9 65 (4.51%) PowerShell
10 49 (3.40%) Scala
11 42 (2.92%) Bash Shell
11 42 (2.92%) PHP
12 39 (2.71%) Ruby
13 38 (2.64%) T-SQL
14 37 (2.57%) Java 11
15 29 (2.01%) PL/SQL
16 28 (1.94%) C
17 27 (1.88%) Apex Code
17 27 (1.88%) Shell Script
18 25 (1.74%) ES6
Qualifications
1 83 (5.76%) Degree
2 57 (3.96%) Security Cleared
3 52 (3.61%) SC Cleared
4 27 (1.88%) AWS Certification
5 25 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (0.90%) DV Cleared
6 13 (0.90%) ISTQB
7 9 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (0.63%) TOGAF Certification
8 5 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (0.35%) MCSE
9 4 (0.28%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.28%) MCSA
10 3 (0.21%) CISSP
11 2 (0.14%) PMP
12 1 (0.069%) CFA
12 1 (0.069%) CISM
12 1 (0.069%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.069%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (4.44%) QA
2 27 (1.88%) Accessibility
3 16 (1.11%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.63%) GDPR
5 6 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.42%) SLA
6 5 (0.35%) ISO 9001
7 4 (0.28%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.21%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.21%) WCAG
9 2 (0.14%) MiFID
10 1 (0.069%) COBIT
10 1 (0.069%) DICOM
10 1 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.069%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.069%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.069%) NIST
10 1 (0.069%) PMO
System Software
1 433 (30.07%) Docker
2 44 (3.06%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.28%) vCloud
4 4 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.28%) vSphere
5 3 (0.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
5 3 (0.21%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.21%) KVM
6 2 (0.14%) RACF
6 2 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (0.14%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 360 (25.00%) Kubernetes
2 354 (24.58%) Terraform
3 80 (5.56%) Ansible
4 50 (3.47%) Prometheus
5 45 (3.13%) Grafana
6 20 (1.39%) Puppet
7 19 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (0.90%) Kibana
9 11 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
10 10 (0.69%) logstash
11 7 (0.49%) CloudHub
12 5 (0.35%) Packer
13 4 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
13 4 (0.28%) SCCM
14 3 (0.21%) Istio
14 3 (0.21%) Oozie
14 3 (0.21%) vRealize
14 3 (0.21%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 2 (0.14%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 141 (9.79%) Oracle
2 108 (7.50%) Microsoft
3 57 (3.96%) Salesforce.com
4 41 (2.85%) Google
5 39 (2.71%) SAP
6 35 (2.43%) ServiceNow
7 29 (2.01%) VMware
8 23 (1.60%) Adobe
9 22 (1.53%) Atlassian
10 21 (1.46%) MuleSoft
10 21 (1.46%) Sybase
11 20 (1.39%) Informatica
12 18 (1.25%) Splunk
13 14 (0.97%) Apple
14 12 (0.83%) IBM
15 10 (0.69%) hybris
15 10 (0.69%) Palo Alto
16 9 (0.63%) Databricks
16 9 (0.63%) Dell
16 9 (0.63%) Workday