Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 22 51 47
Rank change year-on-year +29 -4 -6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 999 1,787 2,241
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 7.39% 4.67% 4.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.55% 12.82% 12.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 887 1,098 1,636
Median daily rate £600 £538 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.63% +7.50% -
10th Percentile £431 £375 £393
90th Percentile £800 £699 £650
England median daily rate £563 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +12.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 7 11
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.79% -5.00% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £31.00
90th Percentile £54.00 £52.50 £100.75
England median hourly rate £37.50 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -25.00% +17.65% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,111 13,943 17,990
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.81% 36.43% 39.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,578 10,418 13,604
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £375 £375
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 71 88
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.83 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.82% +9.33% +32.58%
10th Percentile £22.80 £21.25 £20.48
90th Percentile £47.93 £68.75 £72.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -22.22% +6.51% +5.63%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 66 £550 +3.19% 45
West London +30 24 £450 -14.29% 24
South London +1 17 £513 +10.81% 5
East London +15 2 £350 -36.36% 4
North London +16 1 £600 +35.21% 2
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 667 (66.77%) AWS
2 650 (65.07%) Java
3 642 (64.26%) Agile Software Development
4 606 (60.66%) Finance
5 514 (51.45%) Python
6 505 (50.55%) Asset Management
7 472 (47.25%) Software Engineering
8 401 (40.14%) JavaScript
9 399 (39.94%) Front Office
10 392 (39.24%) Fixed Income
11 375 (37.54%) Hedge funds
12 374 (37.44%) Derivative
13 369 (36.94%) Azure
14 355 (35.54%) Investment Management
15 333 (33.33%) Equities
16 327 (32.73%) AngularJS
17 322 (32.23%) DevOps
18 299 (29.93%) Banking
19 290 (29.03%) SQL
20 289 (28.93%) React
21 287 (28.73%) Microservices
22 284 (28.43%) GCP
23 256 (25.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
24 235 (23.52%) Kubernetes
25 232 (23.22%) Google
26 231 (23.12%) Vue.js
27 228 (22.82%) Docker
28 225 (22.52%) Serverless
29 210 (21.02%) AWS Lambda
30 199 (19.92%) Jenkins

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (12.11%) Apache
2 40 (4.00%) Confluence
3 31 (3.10%) Mule
3 31 (3.10%) Red Hat Fuse
4 27 (2.70%) Elasticsearch
5 21 (2.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 21 (2.10%) WebLogic
6 19 (1.90%) JBoss
6 19 (1.90%) Tomcat
7 18 (1.80%) WebSphere
8 14 (1.40%) IIS
9 13 (1.30%) SharePoint
10 11 (1.10%) CMS
11 10 (1.00%) Appian
11 10 (1.00%) WebSphere Application Server
12 9 (0.90%) Jupyter
13 8 (0.80%) Apache Spark
13 8 (0.80%) Oracle Workflow
14 7 (0.70%) IBM HTTP Server
15 6 (0.60%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 11 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.70%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.40%) RoboHelp
4 3 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.30%) Adobe Premiere
4 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.30%) Sketch
5 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.10%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 12 (1.20%) Oracle ERP
2 8 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.60%) Markit EDM
4 5 (0.50%) Dynamics NAV
4 5 (0.50%) Siebel CRM
4 5 (0.50%) SimCorp Dimension
5 4 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.20%) Maximo
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.10%) FINCAD Analytics
7 1 (0.10%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.10%) OpenText VIM for SAP
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.10%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.10%) SAP SD
7 1 (0.10%) SAP SRM
7 1 (0.10%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 667 (66.77%) AWS
2 369 (36.94%) Azure
3 284 (28.43%) GCP
4 225 (22.52%) Serverless
5 210 (21.02%) AWS Lambda
6 149 (14.91%) Amazon ECS
7 124 (12.41%) Amazon EC2
8 121 (12.11%) Amazon S3
9 84 (8.41%) Apigee
10 81 (8.11%) OpenShift
11 65 (6.51%) AWS CloudFormation
12 63 (6.31%) Amazon SQS
13 30 (3.00%) SaaS
14 22 (2.20%) PaaS
15 18 (1.80%) GitHub
16 17 (1.70%) Power Platform
17 13 (1.30%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 12 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
19 11 (1.10%) Amazon EKS
20 9 (0.90%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.70%) HTTP
2 17 (1.70%) Firewall
3 15 (1.50%) VPN
4 12 (1.20%) WAN
5 10 (1.00%) Wireless
6 9 (0.90%) Internet
7 8 (0.80%) DNS
8 7 (0.70%) DMZ
8 7 (0.70%) TCP/IP
9 5 (0.50%) LAN
9 5 (0.50%) Network Security
10 4 (0.40%) WLAN
11 3 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
11 3 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 3 (0.30%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.30%) SSL
12 2 (0.20%) AMQP
12 2 (0.20%) Intranet
13 1 (0.10%) FTP
13 1 (0.10%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (18.02%) SQL Server
2 148 (14.81%) Amazon Redshift
3 128 (12.81%) MySQL
4 126 (12.61%) PostgreSQL
5 81 (8.11%) Amazon RDS
6 79 (7.91%) NoSQL
7 64 (6.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 64 (6.41%) Relational Database
8 57 (5.71%) MongoDB
9 51 (5.11%) Data Warehouse
10 31 (3.10%) RDBMS
11 29 (2.90%) Amazon Aurora
12 27 (2.70%) Big Data
13 22 (2.20%) Oracle Database
14 17 (1.70%) Redis
15 12 (1.20%) Power BI
16 11 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
17 9 (0.90%) Apache Ignite
17 9 (0.90%) Hadoop
18 8 (0.80%) DB2
Development Applications
1 199 (19.92%) Jenkins
2 133 (13.31%) Artifactory
3 88 (8.81%) Git (software)
4 87 (8.71%) RStudio
5 84 (8.41%) GitLab
6 53 (5.31%) JIRA
7 47 (4.70%) JUnit
7 47 (4.70%) Maven
8 29 (2.90%) Cucumber
9 22 (2.20%) Selenium
10 21 (2.10%) Mockito
10 21 (2.10%) SoapUI
11 17 (1.70%) jMock
12 14 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 14 (1.40%) Gradle
12 14 (1.40%) Postman
13 13 (1.30%) ClearCase
14 12 (1.20%) Bitbucket
14 12 (1.20%) SonarQube
14 12 (1.20%) Subversion
General
1 606 (60.66%) Finance
2 399 (39.94%) Front Office
3 299 (29.93%) Banking
4 174 (17.42%) Investment Banking
5 39 (3.90%) Back Office
5 39 (3.90%) Public Sector
6 23 (2.30%) Telecoms
7 19 (1.90%) Marketing
8 12 (1.20%) Manufacturing
9 10 (1.00%) Law
10 8 (0.80%) Electronics
10 8 (0.80%) Police
11 7 (0.70%) Retail
12 4 (0.40%) Billing
12 4 (0.40%) Games
12 4 (0.40%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.30%) French Language
14 2 (0.20%) Advertising
14 2 (0.20%) International Banking
14 2 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 615 (61.56%) Developer
2 251 (25.13%) AWS Engineer
3 250 (25.03%) Software Engineer
4 225 (22.52%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 223 (22.32%) AWS Developer
6 194 (19.42%) Java Developer
7 142 (14.21%) Java Engineer
8 141 (14.11%) Python Developer
9 134 (13.41%) AWS Software Engineer
10 114 (11.41%) JavaScript Developer
11 109 (10.91%) Architect
12 107 (10.71%) Java Software Developer
13 106 (10.61%) Python Engineer
14 85 (8.51%) Java Software Engineer
15 72 (7.21%) JavaScript Engineer
16 69 (6.91%) SQL Developer
17 68 (6.81%) Lead Developer
18 67 (6.71%) Python Software Engineer
19 66 (6.61%) Senior Developer
20 56 (5.61%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 327 (32.73%) AngularJS
2 289 (28.93%) React
3 231 (23.12%) Vue.js
4 175 (17.52%) REST
5 141 (14.11%) .NET
6 132 (13.21%) Node.js
7 115 (11.51%) gRPC
8 112 (11.21%) SOAP
9 99 (9.91%) XML
10 96 (9.61%) J2EE
11 95 (9.51%) Spring
12 80 (8.01%) OAuth
13 76 (7.61%) Swagger
14 71 (7.11%) JSON
14 71 (7.11%) RESTful
15 68 (6.81%) .NET Core
15 68 (6.81%) ASP.NET
16 67 (6.71%) HTML
17 62 (6.21%) CSS
18 58 (5.81%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 392 (39.24%) Fixed Income
2 375 (37.54%) Hedge funds
3 374 (37.44%) Derivative
4 333 (33.33%) Equities
5 256 (25.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 98 (9.81%) Greenfield Project
7 53 (5.31%) Analytical Skills
8 44 (4.40%) Blog
9 40 (4.00%) Credit Derivative
10 38 (3.80%) User Experience
11 20 (2.00%) Cloud Native
12 19 (1.90%) Reference Data
13 16 (1.60%) Private Cloud
14 15 (1.50%) CMDB
15 14 (1.40%) Pricing Data
16 13 (1.30%) Public Cloud
17 11 (1.10%) Data Structures
18 10 (1.00%) DataPower
18 10 (1.00%) Management Information System
19 9 (0.90%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 90 (9.01%) Linux
2 47 (4.70%) Unix
3 39 (3.90%) Windows
4 8 (0.80%) Android
4 8 (0.80%) CentOS
5 7 (0.70%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.30%) Amazon Linux
6 3 (0.30%) tvOS
6 3 (0.30%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.20%) AIX
7 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.10%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.10%) Solaris
8 1 (0.10%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 642 (64.26%) Agile Software Development
2 505 (50.55%) Asset Management
3 472 (47.25%) Software Engineering
4 355 (35.54%) Investment Management
5 322 (32.23%) DevOps
6 287 (28.73%) Microservices
7 137 (13.71%) Decision-Making
8 128 (12.81%) Scrum
9 111 (11.11%) Portfolio Management
10 110 (11.01%) Migration
11 107 (10.71%) TDD
12 87 (8.71%) Analytics
12 87 (8.71%) Business Analysis
12 87 (8.71%) Fintech
13 80 (8.01%) Open Source
14 79 (7.91%) Deployment Automation
15 65 (6.51%) BDD
16 64 (6.41%) Test Automation
17 59 (5.91%) Mentoring
18 51 (5.11%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 650 (65.07%) Java
2 514 (51.45%) Python
3 401 (40.14%) JavaScript
4 290 (29.03%) SQL
5 134 (13.41%) C#
6 99 (9.91%) R
7 63 (6.31%) Kotlin
7 63 (6.31%) TypeScript
8 39 (3.90%) C
9 28 (2.80%) C++
10 27 (2.70%) Java 8
11 24 (2.40%) PL/SQL
12 23 (2.30%) Shell Script
13 21 (2.10%) Apex Code
13 21 (2.10%) Scala
14 20 (2.00%) PowerShell
15 18 (1.80%) Bash Shell
15 18 (1.80%) Perl
16 13 (1.30%) PHP
17 10 (1.00%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 86 (8.61%) Security Cleared
2 82 (8.21%) SC Cleared
3 27 (2.70%) Degree
4 26 (2.60%) Sun Certification
5 22 (2.20%) DV Cleared
6 17 (1.70%) CISSP
7 9 (0.90%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.70%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.60%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.40%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.30%) CISM
12 3 (0.30%) ISEB
13 2 (0.20%) CCA
13 2 (0.20%) CCIE
13 2 (0.20%) CCNA
13 2 (0.20%) CCNP
13 2 (0.20%) CISA
13 2 (0.20%) MCSE
13 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (3.40%) QA
2 14 (1.40%) Data Quality
3 11 (1.10%) GDPR
4 3 (0.30%) SLA
5 2 (0.20%) GxP
5 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.10%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.10%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.10%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.10%) NCSC
6 1 (0.10%) NIST
System Software
1 228 (22.82%) Docker
2 24 (2.40%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.30%) VMware NSX
4 3 (0.30%) vSphere
5 2 (0.20%) Postfix
5 2 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.20%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.10%) iptables
Systems Management
1 235 (23.52%) Kubernetes
2 95 (9.51%) Terraform
3 24 (2.40%) Kibana
4 23 (2.30%) Ansible
5 21 (2.10%) logstash
6 15 (1.50%) Packer
7 14 (1.40%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (1.20%) Puppet
9 8 (0.80%) Consul
9 8 (0.80%) Grafana
9 8 (0.80%) HP Quality Center
9 8 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
10 7 (0.70%) FortiGate
10 7 (0.70%) Prometheus
11 6 (0.60%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 6 (0.60%) SCOM
12 3 (0.30%) Istio
13 2 (0.20%) HP ALM
13 2 (0.20%) Nessus
13 2 (0.20%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 232 (23.22%) Google
2 170 (17.02%) Oracle
3 45 (4.50%) Microsoft
4 32 (3.20%) Salesforce.com
5 27 (2.70%) Sybase
6 25 (2.50%) IBM
7 20 (2.00%) ServiceNow
8 19 (1.90%) Atlassian
9 17 (1.70%) MuleSoft
10 16 (1.60%) SAP
11 14 (1.40%) Bloomberg
12 12 (1.20%) Pega
12 12 (1.20%) Remedy
13 11 (1.10%) Informatica
14 9 (0.90%) Murex
14 9 (0.90%) Red Hat
15 8 (0.80%) Cisco
15 8 (0.80%) Splunk
15 8 (0.80%) Talend
16 7 (0.70%) Tableau