Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 61 29 50
Rank change year-on-year -32 +21 -1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,231 1,127 1,966
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.15% 6.94% 4.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.66% 18.22% 13.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 973 937 1,230
10th Percentile £425 £425 £381
25th Percentile £488 £488 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £575 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £670 £700 £610
90th Percentile £713 £763 £675
England median daily rate £525 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 11
10th Percentile £43.51 £30.96 £11.25
25th Percentile £44.65 £31.11 £31.76
Median hourly rate £49.66 £41.47 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +19.74% -7.84% +40.63%
75th Percentile £51.38 £56.72 £51.88
90th Percentile £52.20 £61.61 £52.50
England median hourly rate £51.25 £50.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +1.49% +1.00% +35.56%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,555 6,185 14,978
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.57% 38.09% 36.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,864 4,612 11,293
10th Percentile £400 £375 £375
25th Percentile £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £631 £601
90th Percentile £717 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 36 62
10th Percentile £25.25 £23.00 £13.55
25th Percentile £35.00 £31.11 £33.44
Median hourly rate £49.00 £46.75 £49.57
Median % change year-on-year +4.81% -5.68% +14.60%
75th Percentile £65.00 £63.00 £54.69
90th Percentile £68.86 £67.52 £68.25
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -11 113 £506 -3.57% 85
West London +9 31 £600 +33.33% 27
South London +5 14 £530 -3.64% 11
East London +11 9 £480 -12.73% 16
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 733 (59.55%) Agile Software Development
2 638 (51.83%) AWS
3 585 (47.52%) JavaScript
4 543 (44.11%) Finance
5 480 (38.99%) Java
6 435 (35.34%) Software Engineering
7 423 (34.36%) React
8 406 (32.98%) Docker
9 349 (28.35%) Node.js
10 337 (27.38%) Python
11 330 (26.81%) Asset Management
12 328 (26.65%) Kubernetes
13 317 (25.75%) Front Office
14 297 (24.13%) Azure
15 290 (23.56%) Serverless
16 287 (23.31%) REST
17 285 (23.15%) Terraform
18 278 (22.58%) SQL
19 270 (21.93%) Investment Management
20 260 (21.12%) DevOps
21 247 (20.06%) TypeScript
22 239 (19.42%) Amazon S3
23 228 (18.52%) Material-UI
24 227 (18.44%) Microservices
25 225 (18.28%) AWS Lambda
26 219 (17.79%) AngularJS
27 213 (17.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
27 213 (17.30%) Git (software)
28 201 (16.33%) HTML
29 198 (16.08%) Social Skills

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (3.57%) CMS
2 42 (3.41%) Mule
3 35 (2.84%) Confluence
4 31 (2.52%) Tomcat
5 30 (2.44%) JBoss
6 26 (2.11%) Red Hat Fuse
7 22 (1.79%) Apache
8 17 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 16 (1.30%) Apache Airflow
10 15 (1.22%) Anypoint
10 15 (1.22%) Apache Spark
11 14 (1.14%) Mule ESB
11 14 (1.14%) SharePoint
12 12 (0.97%) Liferay
13 11 (0.89%) nginx
14 9 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 9 (0.73%) IIS
14 9 (0.73%) Oracle Workflow
15 8 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
16 7 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 11 (0.89%) MS Visio
2 8 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.081%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.081%) Figma
7 1 (0.081%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 9 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.41%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.24%) Magento
4 3 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.24%) VisionPLUS
5 2 (0.16%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.081%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.081%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.081%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.081%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 1 (0.081%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.081%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.081%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.081%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.081%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.081%) SAP R/3
6 1 (0.081%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 638 (51.83%) AWS
2 297 (24.13%) Azure
3 290 (23.56%) Serverless
4 239 (19.42%) Amazon S3
5 225 (18.28%) AWS Lambda
6 182 (14.78%) Amazon SQS
7 179 (14.54%) GCP
8 169 (13.73%) AWS Step Functions
9 61 (4.96%) Amazon EC2
10 57 (4.63%) GitHub
11 55 (4.47%) PaaS
12 43 (3.49%) IaaS
13 41 (3.33%) Power Platform
13 41 (3.33%) SaaS
14 33 (2.68%) AWS CloudFormation
15 25 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
16 23 (1.87%) npm
17 22 (1.79%) OpenShift
18 21 (1.71%) Microsoft 365
18 21 (1.71%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 63 (5.12%) HTTP
2 21 (1.71%) Internet
3 17 (1.38%) DNS
4 15 (1.22%) TCP/IP
5 14 (1.14%) Firewall
5 14 (1.14%) Network Security
5 14 (1.14%) SAN
6 13 (1.06%) SSL
7 8 (0.65%) VPN
8 7 (0.57%) Intranet
8 7 (0.57%) IPv6
8 7 (0.57%) NAS
9 6 (0.49%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
9 6 (0.49%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 5 (0.41%) Kerberos
10 5 (0.41%) OSPF
11 4 (0.32%) BGP
11 4 (0.32%) Broadband
11 4 (0.32%) WAN
12 3 (0.24%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 213 (17.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 178 (14.46%) Amazon RDS
3 171 (13.89%) SQL Server
4 92 (7.47%) NoSQL
5 69 (5.61%) MongoDB
6 67 (5.44%) Relational Database
7 65 (5.28%) MySQL
8 44 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
9 35 (2.84%) Big Data
10 29 (2.36%) Power BI
11 28 (2.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 26 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
12 26 (2.11%) Redis
13 18 (1.46%) Data Warehouse
14 16 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
15 13 (1.06%) BigQuery
15 13 (1.06%) Data Lake
15 13 (1.06%) Oracle Database
16 12 (0.97%) RDBMS
17 9 (0.73%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 213 (17.30%) Git (software)
2 186 (15.11%) Jenkins
3 96 (7.80%) Maven
4 81 (6.58%) JIRA
5 69 (5.61%) JUnit
6 39 (3.17%) Subversion
7 36 (2.92%) Cucumber
8 35 (2.84%) Mockito
9 33 (2.68%) TeamCity
10 28 (2.27%) GitLab
11 25 (2.03%) Bitbucket
11 25 (2.03%) Selenium
12 24 (1.95%) Postman
13 23 (1.87%) Gradle
14 22 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 22 (1.79%) jMock
15 21 (1.71%) webpack
16 20 (1.62%) Eclipse
16 20 (1.62%) Jasmine
17 19 (1.54%) Gatling
General
1 543 (44.11%) Finance
2 317 (25.75%) Front Office
3 198 (16.08%) Social Skills
4 114 (9.26%) Banking
5 74 (6.01%) Analytical Skills
6 56 (4.55%) Investment Banking
7 49 (3.98%) Marketing
8 42 (3.41%) Public Sector
9 30 (2.44%) Telecoms
10 29 (2.36%) Retail
11 27 (2.19%) Presentation Skills
12 17 (1.38%) Manufacturing
13 13 (1.06%) German Language
14 10 (0.81%) Electronics
15 8 (0.65%) Documentation Skills
16 7 (0.57%) Influencing Skills
17 6 (0.49%) Billing
17 6 (0.49%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.49%) French Language
17 6 (0.49%) Legal
Job Titles
1 770 (62.55%) Developer
2 258 (20.96%) React Developer
3 174 (14.13%) Software Engineer
4 144 (11.70%) AWS Developer
5 135 (10.97%) JavaScript Developer
6 124 (10.07%) Full Stack Developer
7 123 (9.99%) Java Developer
8 122 (9.91%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 100 (8.12%) Architect
10 93 (7.55%) Node.js Developer
11 78 (6.34%) AWS Engineer
11 78 (6.34%) Python Developer
12 76 (6.17%) Senior Developer
13 60 (4.87%) DevOps Engineer
14 57 (4.63%) Designer
15 52 (4.22%) UX Designer
16 50 (4.06%) UX Developer
17 49 (3.98%) UI Developer
18 48 (3.90%) JavaScript Engineer
19 47 (3.82%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 423 (34.36%) React
2 349 (28.35%) Node.js
3 287 (23.31%) REST
4 228 (18.52%) Material-UI
5 219 (17.79%) AngularJS
6 201 (16.33%) HTML
7 188 (15.27%) .NET
8 181 (14.70%) Spring
9 178 (14.46%) CSS
10 175 (14.22%) RESTful
11 147 (11.94%) SOAP
12 133 (10.80%) XML
13 131 (10.64%) JSON
14 92 (7.47%) Spring Boot
15 91 (7.39%) Vue.js
16 76 (6.17%) HTML5
17 72 (5.85%) Hibernate
18 65 (5.28%) Sass
19 57 (4.63%) JMS
19 57 (4.63%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 106 (8.61%) User Experience
2 83 (6.74%) Fixed Income
3 72 (5.85%) Derivative
4 68 (5.52%) Equities
5 59 (4.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 28 (2.27%) Mobile App
7 27 (2.19%) Hedge funds
8 25 (2.03%) Data Protection Act
8 25 (2.03%) Management Information System
9 24 (1.95%) Legacy Systems
10 23 (1.87%) Data Structures
11 20 (1.62%) Algorithms
12 19 (1.54%) Cloud Native
12 19 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 16 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
14 14 (1.14%) Public Cloud
15 11 (0.89%) Greenfield Project
16 8 (0.65%) Data Centre
17 7 (0.57%) Cyberattack
17 7 (0.57%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 141 (11.45%) Linux
2 65 (5.28%) Windows
3 58 (4.71%) Unix
4 24 (1.95%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.79%) Android
6 17 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (0.65%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.57%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.49%) tvOS
10 5 (0.41%) CentOS
11 3 (0.24%) Solaris
11 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.081%) AIX
12 1 (0.081%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.081%) SUSE
12 1 (0.081%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.081%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.081%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.081%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 733 (59.55%) Agile Software Development
2 435 (35.34%) Software Engineering
3 330 (26.81%) Asset Management
4 270 (21.93%) Investment Management
5 260 (21.12%) DevOps
6 227 (18.44%) Microservices
7 184 (14.95%) TDD
8 137 (11.13%) Scrum
9 122 (9.91%) Continuous Integration
10 117 (9.50%) MVC
11 104 (8.45%) Test Automation
12 101 (8.20%) Problem-Solving
13 95 (7.72%) Unit Testing
14 92 (7.47%) SDLC
15 87 (7.07%) BDD
16 86 (6.99%) Web Development
17 81 (6.58%) Migration
18 74 (6.01%) OO
19 71 (5.77%) Release Management
20 70 (5.69%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 585 (47.52%) JavaScript
2 480 (38.99%) Java
3 337 (27.38%) Python
4 278 (22.58%) SQL
5 247 (20.06%) TypeScript
6 140 (11.37%) C#
7 101 (8.20%) Kotlin
8 65 (5.28%) Java 8
9 50 (4.06%) PHP
10 41 (3.33%) Scala
11 39 (3.17%) PowerShell
12 33 (2.68%) Ruby
13 29 (2.36%) Bash Shell
14 27 (2.19%) PL/SQL
15 25 (2.03%) Perl
16 24 (1.95%) Apex Code
16 24 (1.95%) C
16 24 (1.95%) T-SQL
17 22 (1.79%) ES6
18 20 (1.62%) R
Qualifications
1 99 (8.04%) Degree
2 60 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 56 (4.55%) SC Cleared
4 21 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.54%) AWS Certification
6 10 (0.81%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.49%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.32%) CISSP
8 4 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (0.32%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.24%) CISM
9 3 (0.24%) MCSA
9 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.16%) IISP
10 2 (0.16%) PMP
11 1 (0.081%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 1 (0.081%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.081%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (4.55%) QA
2 14 (1.14%) Accessibility
3 10 (0.81%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.81%) WCAG
4 4 (0.32%) GDPR
4 4 (0.32%) SLA
5 3 (0.24%) MiFID
5 3 (0.24%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.081%) COBIT
7 1 (0.081%) GRC
7 1 (0.081%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.081%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.081%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.081%) NIST
7 1 (0.081%) PMO
System Software
1 406 (32.98%) Docker
2 23 (1.87%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.32%) vSphere
6 3 (0.24%) vCloud
7 2 (0.16%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 2 (0.16%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.16%) KVM
7 2 (0.16%) RACF
7 2 (0.16%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.081%) Varnish
8 1 (0.081%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 328 (26.65%) Kubernetes
2 285 (23.15%) Terraform
3 78 (6.34%) Ansible
4 25 (2.03%) Prometheus
5 24 (1.95%) Grafana
5 24 (1.95%) Puppet
6 23 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (1.30%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (0.97%) CloudHub
8 12 (0.97%) Packer
9 4 (0.32%) Galera Cluster
9 4 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.24%) Graylog
10 3 (0.24%) Istio
10 3 (0.24%) Kibana
10 3 (0.24%) Oozie
11 2 (0.16%) Kustomize
11 2 (0.16%) vRealize
11 2 (0.16%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 2 (0.16%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 143 (11.62%) Oracle
2 80 (6.50%) Microsoft
3 53 (4.31%) Salesforce.com
4 42 (3.41%) Google
5 32 (2.60%) SAP
6 27 (2.19%) MuleSoft
7 22 (1.79%) Sybase
8 19 (1.54%) ServiceNow
8 19 (1.54%) VMware
9 17 (1.38%) Atlassian
10 14 (1.14%) Informatica
10 14 (1.14%) Splunk
11 13 (1.06%) IBM
12 12 (0.97%) Cisco
13 11 (0.89%) Adobe
13 11 (0.89%) hybris
14 10 (0.81%) Dell
15 9 (0.73%) F5
16 8 (0.65%) Apple
16 8 (0.65%) HP