Period
to 19 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 42 38
Rank change year-on-year -12 -4 0
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,074 2,472 2,137
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.71% 5.31% 5.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.30% 14.79% 14.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,430 1,850 1,578
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £362 £338
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
England median daily rate £500 £475 £440
% change year-on-year +5.26% +7.95% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 17 11
London median hourly rate £44.18 £26.60 £33.28
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.12% -20.09% -33.44%
10th Percentile £33.73 £19.95 £26.25
90th Percentile £52.63 £62.75 £50.00
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,863 16,714 14,460
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.27% 35.88% 35.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,660 12,967 10,846
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £356 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £433
% change year-on-year +5.26% +9.83% +1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 111 74
London median hourly rate £36.00 £33.54 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.33% -25.47% +28.57%
10th Percentile £25.13 £20.00 £20.54
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £76.25
England median hourly rate £41.85 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.61% - +3.90%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -31 329 £500 - 149
South London -12 122 £525 +10.53% 17
East London +13 109 £563 +9.76% 39
West London -31 78 £565 +9.18% 82
North London -13 5 £550 +17.33% 10
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,071 (51.64%) Agile Software Development
2 927 (44.70%) Java
3 893 (43.06%) Amazon AWS
4 624 (30.09%) TDD
5 594 (28.64%) JavaScript
6 555 (26.76%) Microservices
7 507 (24.45%) REST
8 505 (24.35%) Jenkins
9 504 (24.30%) DevOps
10 501 (24.16%) RESTful
11 472 (22.76%) Finance
12 449 (21.65%) Docker
13 439 (21.17%) Git (software)
14 424 (20.44%) BDD
15 421 (20.30%) SQL
16 400 (19.29%) Continuous Integration
17 396 (19.09%) Spring
18 378 (18.23%) Scrum
19 370 (17.84%) Test Automation
20 364 (17.55%) Python
21 351 (16.92%) SOAP
22 338 (16.30%) Linux
23 327 (15.77%) HTML
24 306 (14.75%) Banking
25 283 (13.65%) .NET
25 283 (13.65%) AngularJS
26 281 (13.55%) C#
26 281 (13.55%) XML
27 262 (12.63%) Open Source
28 254 (12.25%) CSS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 136 (6.56%) Confluence
2 89 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
3 63 (3.04%) Tomcat
4 52 (2.51%) CMS
5 50 (2.41%) Apache
6 42 (2.03%) WebSphere
7 41 (1.98%) SharePoint
8 36 (1.74%) Cloud Foundry
8 36 (1.74%) MQSeries
9 31 (1.49%) IIS
10 29 (1.40%) JBoss
11 22 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 20 (0.96%) Apache Spark
12 20 (0.96%) Mule
13 18 (0.87%) WebLogic
14 16 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 15 (0.72%) Apache Solr
15 15 (0.72%) nginx
15 15 (0.72%) SharePoint 2013
16 10 (0.48%) CoreMedia CMS
Applications
1 35 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.96%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.096%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.096%) InVision
5 2 (0.096%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.048%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.048%) iWork
6 1 (0.048%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 25 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.29%) Teamcenter
3 4 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.14%) Visualfiles
5 2 (0.096%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.096%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.096%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.096%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.048%) Actimize
6 1 (0.048%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.048%) Magento
6 1 (0.048%) OpenText MBPM
6 1 (0.048%) ResourceLink
6 1 (0.048%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.048%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 893 (43.06%) Amazon AWS
2 236 (11.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 158 (7.62%) Amazon EC2
4 143 (6.89%) Google Cloud Platform
5 114 (5.50%) SaaS
6 113 (5.45%) Serverless
7 111 (5.35%) Amazon S3
8 83 (4.00%) AWS CloudFormation
9 82 (3.95%) PaaS
10 81 (3.91%) AWS Lambda
11 77 (3.71%) GitHub
12 69 (3.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 52 (2.51%) Cloud Computing
14 44 (2.12%) IaaS
15 38 (1.83%) Route 53
16 32 (1.54%) OpenShift
17 27 (1.30%) Amazon EMR
18 26 (1.25%) Amazon Kinesis
19 24 (1.16%) npm
20 22 (1.06%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 64 (3.09%) TCP/IP
2 53 (2.56%) HTTP
3 51 (2.46%) Firewall
4 46 (2.22%) DNS
4 46 (2.22%) Internet
5 36 (1.74%) SSL
6 34 (1.64%) VPN
7 33 (1.59%) WAN
8 29 (1.40%) LAN
9 27 (1.30%) Network Security
10 18 (0.87%) WLAN
11 15 (0.72%) DMZ
12 10 (0.48%) AMQP
13 9 (0.43%) IPsec
13 9 (0.43%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.43%) SMTP
14 7 (0.34%) FTP
14 7 (0.34%) SSH
15 6 (0.29%) DHCP
15 6 (0.29%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 236 (11.38%) SQL Server
2 216 (10.41%) MongoDB
3 182 (8.78%) NoSQL
4 146 (7.04%) Relational Database
5 141 (6.80%) Apache Cassandra
6 109 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
7 107 (5.16%) MySQL
8 97 (4.68%) Hadoop
9 78 (3.76%) Big Data
10 60 (2.89%) Amazon RDS
11 57 (2.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 52 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
13 51 (2.46%) Amazon Redshift
14 45 (2.17%) RDBMS
15 44 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 43 (2.07%) Redis
17 41 (1.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 37 (1.78%) HBase
19 33 (1.59%) Couchbase
19 33 (1.59%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 505 (24.35%) Jenkins
2 439 (21.17%) Git (software)
3 247 (11.91%) Maven
4 243 (11.72%) JIRA
5 172 (8.29%) JUnit
6 171 (8.24%) Selenium
7 122 (5.88%) Cucumber
8 108 (5.21%) Mockito
8 108 (5.21%) TeamCity
9 83 (4.00%) Gradle
10 82 (3.95%) Subversion
11 78 (3.76%) SonarQube
12 68 (3.28%) jMock
12 68 (3.28%) SoapUI
13 67 (3.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 61 (2.94%) Bitbucket
14 61 (2.94%) Hudson
15 59 (2.84%) Team Foundation Server
16 58 (2.80%) DbUnit
16 58 (2.80%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 472 (22.76%) Finance
2 306 (14.75%) Banking
3 134 (6.46%) Front Office
4 91 (4.39%) Retail
5 56 (2.70%) Investment Banking
6 47 (2.27%) Marketing
7 37 (1.78%) Financial Institution
8 36 (1.74%) Games
9 34 (1.64%) Back Office
10 30 (1.45%) Telecoms
11 17 (0.82%) Law
11 17 (0.82%) Legal
12 13 (0.63%) Publishing
13 12 (0.58%) Electronics
13 12 (0.58%) Manufacturing
14 10 (0.48%) Online Betting
15 7 (0.34%) Advertising
15 7 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.24%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.096%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,096 (52.84%) Developer
2 415 (20.01%) Java Developer
3 227 (10.95%) Architect
4 172 (8.29%) Senior Developer
5 171 (8.24%) DevOps Engineer
6 137 (6.61%) AWS Engineer
7 108 (5.21%) .NET Developer
8 106 (5.11%) AWS Developer
9 90 (4.34%) Analyst
10 88 (4.24%) Full Stack Developer
11 86 (4.15%) AWS Architect
12 85 (4.10%) Tester
13 84 (4.05%) Lead Developer
14 78 (3.76%) C# Developer
15 77 (3.71%) AWS DevOps
16 73 (3.52%) Senior Java Developer
16 73 (3.52%) Software Engineer
17 68 (3.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 64 (3.09%) React Developer
19 62 (2.99%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 507 (24.45%) REST
2 501 (24.16%) RESTful
3 396 (19.09%) Spring
4 351 (16.92%) SOAP
5 327 (15.77%) HTML
6 283 (13.65%) .NET
6 283 (13.65%) AngularJS
7 281 (13.55%) XML
8 254 (12.25%) CSS
9 250 (12.05%) JSON
10 241 (11.62%) React
11 238 (11.48%) Spring Boot
12 225 (10.85%) Node.js
13 147 (7.09%) J2EE
14 137 (6.61%) Hibernate
15 134 (6.46%) HTML5
16 130 (6.27%) Kafka
17 98 (4.73%) JMS
18 95 (4.58%) ASP.NET
19 93 (4.48%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 204 (9.84%) Greenfield Project
2 107 (5.16%) Analytical Skills
3 76 (3.66%) Mobile App
4 70 (3.38%) Fintech
5 56 (2.70%) Fixed Income
6 48 (2.31%) Equities
6 48 (2.31%) User Experience
7 45 (2.17%) Algorithms
8 40 (1.93%) Public Cloud
9 37 (1.78%) Data Structures
10 34 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
11 33 (1.59%) Data Centre
12 32 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 29 (1.40%) Derivative
14 28 (1.35%) Cloud Native
15 27 (1.30%) Enterprise Cloud
16 25 (1.21%) Virtual Team
17 24 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
18 23 (1.11%) Replication
19 19 (0.92%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 338 (16.30%) Linux
2 138 (6.65%) Unix
3 121 (5.83%) Windows
4 50 (2.41%) Android
5 48 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 47 (2.27%) Apple iOS
7 39 (1.88%) Windows Server
8 11 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (0.48%) CentOS
9 10 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (0.39%) Debian
11 7 (0.34%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.29%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.24%) Amazon Linux
13 5 (0.24%) Mesosphere
14 4 (0.19%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.19%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.048%) SUSE
15 1 (0.048%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,071 (51.64%) Agile Software Development
2 624 (30.09%) TDD
3 555 (26.76%) Microservices
4 504 (24.30%) DevOps
5 424 (20.44%) BDD
6 400 (19.29%) Continuous Integration
7 378 (18.23%) Scrum
8 370 (17.84%) Test Automation
9 262 (12.63%) Open Source
10 221 (10.66%) MVC
11 215 (10.37%) Software Engineering
12 163 (7.86%) E-Commerce
13 159 (7.67%) Kanban
14 145 (6.99%) SDLC
15 136 (6.56%) Unit Testing
16 135 (6.51%) Asset Management
17 128 (6.17%) OO
18 125 (6.03%) Problem-Solving
19 116 (5.59%) SOA
20 114 (5.50%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 927 (44.70%) Java
2 594 (28.64%) JavaScript
3 421 (20.30%) SQL
4 364 (17.55%) Python
5 281 (13.55%) C#
6 223 (10.75%) Java 8
7 119 (5.74%) Scala
8 111 (5.35%) Ruby
9 87 (4.19%) C++
10 72 (3.47%) Bash Shell
11 66 (3.18%) Groovy
12 57 (2.75%) Perl
13 51 (2.46%) PowerShell
14 49 (2.36%) Shell Script
15 46 (2.22%) T-SQL
16 44 (2.12%) PHP
17 39 (1.88%) TypeScript
18 36 (1.74%) PL/SQL
19 31 (1.49%) Java 9
20 29 (1.40%) ES6
Qualifications
1 143 (6.89%) Security Cleared
2 127 (6.12%) SC Cleared
3 90 (4.34%) Degree
4 73 (3.52%) AWS Certification
5 22 (1.06%) CISSP
5 22 (1.06%) RHCE
6 19 (0.92%) CISA
6 19 (0.92%) CISM
7 17 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (0.82%) ISSAP
7 17 (0.82%) ISSMP
8 16 (0.77%) CSSLP
9 14 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (0.63%) ISTQB
11 12 (0.58%) ISEB
12 9 (0.43%) Sun Certification
13 8 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
14 7 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
14 7 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
14 7 (0.34%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 115 (5.54%) QA
2 38 (1.83%) PCI DSS
3 23 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 17 (0.82%) HIPAA
6 15 (0.72%) FedRAMP
6 15 (0.72%) SLA
7 11 (0.53%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.53%) SEPA
8 8 (0.39%) GDPR
8 8 (0.39%) IFRS
8 8 (0.39%) IFRS 9
8 8 (0.39%) PSD2
9 6 (0.29%) Basel III
10 4 (0.19%) MiFID
11 3 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.14%) EMIR
11 3 (0.14%) PMO
12 1 (0.048%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 449 (21.65%) Docker
2 79 (3.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 60 (2.89%) vSphere
4 47 (2.27%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.58%) Apache Flume
6 11 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.39%) HDFS
8 7 (0.34%) Hyper-V
8 7 (0.34%) Shibboleth
9 6 (0.29%) Snort
9 6 (0.29%) Squid
9 6 (0.29%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.24%) XenApp
11 2 (0.096%) KVM
11 2 (0.096%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.096%) Xen
12 1 (0.048%) BitLocker
12 1 (0.048%) iptables
Systems Management
1 220 (10.61%) Kubernetes
2 211 (10.17%) Terraform
3 176 (8.49%) Ansible
4 137 (6.61%) Puppet
5 118 (5.69%) Opscode Chef
6 46 (2.22%) Kibana
7 45 (2.17%) Mesos
8 32 (1.54%) logstash
8 32 (1.54%) Packer
9 26 (1.25%) Single Sign-On
10 22 (1.06%) SELinux
11 20 (0.96%) HP Quality Center
12 18 (0.87%) Marathon
12 18 (0.87%) Rancher
13 17 (0.82%) Grafana
14 15 (0.72%) Istio
15 14 (0.68%) Prometheus
16 11 (0.53%) Salt
17 10 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
17 10 (0.48%) SCCM
Vendors
1 155 (7.47%) Microsoft
2 153 (7.38%) Oracle
3 148 (7.14%) Google
4 119 (5.74%) Splunk
5 95 (4.58%) VMware
6 75 (3.62%) ServiceNow
7 50 (2.41%) Red Hat
8 39 (1.88%) IBM
9 31 (1.49%) Reuters
10 30 (1.45%) Tableau
11 28 (1.35%) Qualys
12 27 (1.30%) MuleSoft
13 25 (1.21%) Informatica
14 24 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
15 23 (1.11%) Atlassian
16 22 (1.06%) hybris
16 22 (1.06%) SAP
17 21 (1.01%) Adobe
18 19 (0.92%) HP
19 18 (0.87%) Cisco