Period
to 24 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
24 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 41 36
Rank change year-on-year -2 -5 0
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,355 1,953 2,339
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.11% 4.91% 5.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.06% 13.99% 16.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,777 1,368 1,732
London median daily rate £500 £475 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +0.53% +11.18%
10th Percentile £369 £350 £325
90th Percentile £631 £625 £600
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 14 6
London median hourly rate £32.00 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.00% - +42.86%
10th Percentile £21.25 £21.35 £29.91
90th Percentile £65.38 £56.56 £53.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% -9.47% +33.47%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,746 13,956 14,222
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.32% 35.10% 32.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,825 10,428 10,691
London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +5.71%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £631
England median daily rate £475 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +7.95% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 124 87 69
London median hourly rate £41.41 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.97% +12.50% +35.59%
10th Percentile £20.75 £20.08 £18.72
90th Percentile £64.50 £57.50 £58.00
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year - +5.81% +10.71%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 24 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 502 £500 +5.26% 112
West London +20 160 £525 +19.32% 76
South London 0 146 £475 +5.56% 15
East London -7 36 £556 +2.30% 31
North London -3 11 £438 +12.90% 6
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 24 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,339 (56.86%) Agile Software Development
2 1,189 (50.49%) Java
3 837 (35.54%) Amazon AWS
4 705 (29.94%) TDD
5 673 (28.58%) REST
6 637 (27.05%) JavaScript
7 596 (25.31%) RESTful
8 527 (22.38%) Jenkins
9 513 (21.78%) Git (software)
10 506 (21.49%) DevOps
11 494 (20.98%) SQL
12 486 (20.64%) Continuous Integration
13 465 (19.75%) Finance
14 457 (19.41%) Spring
15 439 (18.64%) Scrum
16 437 (18.56%) SOAP
17 436 (18.51%) BDD
18 434 (18.43%) Docker
19 405 (17.20%) XML
20 401 (17.03%) HTML
21 394 (16.73%) Linux
22 378 (16.05%) CSS
23 368 (15.63%) JSON
24 365 (15.50%) Microservices
25 364 (15.46%) .NET
26 358 (15.20%) Python
27 323 (13.72%) C#
28 321 (13.63%) MVC
29 319 (13.55%) AngularJS
30 307 (13.04%) Node.js

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (6.24%) Tomcat
2 140 (5.94%) Confluence
3 120 (5.10%) Apache
4 98 (4.16%) Elasticsearch
5 96 (4.08%) WebSphere
6 70 (2.97%) CMS
7 54 (2.29%) JBoss
8 52 (2.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 49 (2.08%) SharePoint
10 42 (1.78%) MQSeries
11 37 (1.57%) Apache Solr
12 35 (1.49%) Mule
13 34 (1.44%) nginx
14 31 (1.32%) Cloud Foundry
14 31 (1.32%) Mule ESB
15 30 (1.27%) WebLogic
16 28 (1.19%) Apache Spark
17 26 (1.10%) IIS
18 25 (1.06%) WebSphere Application Server
18 25 (1.06%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 42 (1.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.59%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.47%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 7 (0.30%) OmniGraffle
6 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.21%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.13%) SPSS
10 2 (0.085%) InVision
11 1 (0.042%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.042%) Gephi
11 1 (0.042%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 35 (1.49%) Payment Gateway
2 19 (0.81%) Oracle BPM
3 18 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.42%) Elite 3E
5 6 (0.25%) Magento
5 6 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.17%) Global One
6 4 (0.17%) ION MarketView
6 4 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.13%) Infor M3
7 3 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.085%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.085%) Movex
8 2 (0.085%) Oracle Assets
8 2 (0.085%) Oracle Cash Management
8 2 (0.085%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.085%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.085%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.085%) Oracle Receivables
8 2 (0.085%) Pivotal CRM
Cloud Services
1 837 (35.54%) Amazon AWS
2 241 (10.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 93 (3.95%) Amazon EC2
4 86 (3.65%) Serverless
5 76 (3.23%) Amazon S3
6 69 (2.93%) SaaS
7 66 (2.80%) Google Cloud Platform
8 62 (2.63%) PaaS
9 57 (2.42%) AWS CloudFormation
10 56 (2.38%) IaaS
11 49 (2.08%) GitHub
11 49 (2.08%) npm
12 46 (1.95%) AWS Lambda
13 41 (1.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 39 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
15 32 (1.36%) Office 365
15 32 (1.36%) OpenShift
16 22 (0.93%) Amazon SQS
17 19 (0.81%) Amazon ELB
17 19 (0.81%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 151 (6.41%) HTTP
2 84 (3.57%) Internet
3 69 (2.93%) TCP/IP
4 50 (2.12%) SSL
5 41 (1.74%) VPN
6 40 (1.70%) FTP
7 38 (1.61%) DNS
8 31 (1.32%) Firewall
9 16 (0.68%) SMTP
10 13 (0.55%) LAN
11 11 (0.47%) Kerberos
12 10 (0.42%) SAN
12 10 (0.42%) WAN
13 9 (0.38%) X.509
14 8 (0.34%) DHCP
15 7 (0.30%) Broadband
15 7 (0.30%) IMAP
15 7 (0.30%) Network Security
15 7 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
16 6 (0.25%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 281 (11.93%) SQL Server
2 231 (9.81%) NoSQL
3 183 (7.77%) Relational Database
4 165 (7.01%) PostgreSQL
5 146 (6.20%) MySQL
6 140 (5.94%) MongoDB
7 100 (4.25%) Big Data
8 99 (4.20%) Hadoop
9 86 (3.65%) Apache Cassandra
10 54 (2.29%) Oracle Database
10 54 (2.29%) RDBMS
11 47 (2.00%) HBase
12 42 (1.78%) Amazon RDS
13 41 (1.74%) Redis
14 39 (1.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 37 (1.57%) Oracle Database 11g
16 36 (1.53%) SQL Server 2012
17 33 (1.40%) Oracle Database 10g
18 32 (1.36%) Endeca
19 30 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 527 (22.38%) Jenkins
2 513 (21.78%) Git (software)
3 246 (10.45%) JIRA
4 202 (8.58%) Maven
5 193 (8.20%) JUnit
6 156 (6.62%) Selenium
7 120 (5.10%) TeamCity
8 110 (4.67%) Subversion
9 108 (4.59%) Cucumber
10 100 (4.25%) Gradle
11 98 (4.16%) Mockito
12 74 (3.14%) webpack
13 64 (2.72%) Team Foundation Server
14 57 (2.42%) Octopus Deploy
15 56 (2.38%) gulp
16 53 (2.25%) Grunt
17 52 (2.21%) Jasmine
18 49 (2.08%) Eclipse
19 44 (1.87%) SoapUI
20 42 (1.78%) Visual Studio
General
1 465 (19.75%) Finance
2 254 (10.79%) Banking
3 59 (2.51%) Games
4 58 (2.46%) Retail
5 47 (2.00%) Investment Banking
6 43 (1.83%) Financial Institution
7 34 (1.44%) Telecoms
8 33 (1.40%) Front Office
9 32 (1.36%) Advertising
10 29 (1.23%) Legal
11 28 (1.19%) Marketing
12 22 (0.93%) Back Office
13 20 (0.85%) Law
14 16 (0.68%) Publishing
15 11 (0.47%) Electronics
15 11 (0.47%) Manufacturing
15 11 (0.47%) Retail Banking
16 9 (0.38%) Billing
17 4 (0.17%) General Ledger
18 3 (0.13%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,331 (56.52%) Developer
2 513 (21.78%) Java Developer
3 229 (9.72%) Architect
4 213 (9.04%) DevOps Engineer
5 193 (8.20%) Senior Developer
6 169 (7.18%) .NET Developer
7 139 (5.90%) AWS Engineer
8 124 (5.27%) AWS DevOps
9 107 (4.54%) Senior Java Developer
10 97 (4.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 94 (3.99%) C# Developer
12 89 (3.78%) Consultant
13 86 (3.65%) Full Stack Developer
14 83 (3.52%) AWS Developer
15 82 (3.48%) Solutions Architect
16 80 (3.40%) Node.js Developer
16 80 (3.40%) React Developer
17 79 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
18 73 (3.10%) Analyst
19 72 (3.06%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 673 (28.58%) REST
2 596 (25.31%) RESTful
3 457 (19.41%) Spring
4 437 (18.56%) SOAP
5 405 (17.20%) XML
6 401 (17.03%) HTML
7 378 (16.05%) CSS
8 368 (15.63%) JSON
9 364 (15.46%) .NET
10 319 (13.55%) AngularJS
11 307 (13.04%) Node.js
12 236 (10.02%) React
13 219 (9.30%) J2EE
14 217 (9.21%) Hibernate
15 215 (9.13%) HTML5
16 190 (8.07%) JMS
17 155 (6.58%) CSS3
18 151 (6.41%) ASP.NET
19 146 (6.20%) Spring Boot
20 110 (4.67%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 121 (5.14%) Greenfield Project
2 118 (5.01%) Analytical Skills
3 112 (4.76%) Enterprise Software
4 94 (3.99%) Mobile App
5 92 (3.91%) User Experience
6 75 (3.18%) Computer Science
7 54 (2.29%) Public Cloud
8 53 (2.25%) iPad
9 50 (2.12%) Data Structures
10 45 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
11 40 (1.70%) Algorithms
11 40 (1.70%) Data Centre
12 38 (1.61%) Virtual Team
13 37 (1.57%) Client/Server
14 33 (1.40%) Fintech
15 32 (1.36%) Hedge funds
16 24 (1.02%) PKI
16 24 (1.02%) Social Media
17 20 (0.85%) Management Information System
17 20 (0.85%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 394 (16.73%) Linux
2 203 (8.62%) Windows
3 189 (8.03%) Unix
4 85 (3.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 83 (3.52%) Android
6 55 (2.34%) Windows Server
7 53 (2.25%) Apple iOS
8 43 (1.83%) CentOS
9 19 (0.81%) Solaris
10 18 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
11 16 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (0.64%) HPUX
12 15 (0.64%) Ubuntu
13 10 (0.42%) Windows 10
14 6 (0.25%) Mac OS X
14 6 (0.25%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.13%) Debian
15 3 (0.13%) Windows 8
16 2 (0.085%) DC/OS
16 2 (0.085%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,339 (56.86%) Agile Software Development
2 705 (29.94%) TDD
3 506 (21.49%) DevOps
4 486 (20.64%) Continuous Integration
5 439 (18.64%) Scrum
6 436 (18.51%) BDD
7 365 (15.50%) Microservices
8 321 (13.63%) MVC
9 291 (12.36%) Test Automation
10 247 (10.49%) E-Commerce
11 239 (10.15%) SOA
12 220 (9.34%) Software Engineering
13 189 (8.03%) Unit Testing
14 186 (7.90%) Continuous Delivery
15 181 (7.69%) OO
16 179 (7.60%) Open Source
17 177 (7.52%) Web Development
18 172 (7.30%) Pair Programming
19 169 (7.18%) SDLC
20 157 (6.67%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,189 (50.49%) Java
2 637 (27.05%) JavaScript
3 494 (20.98%) SQL
4 358 (15.20%) Python
5 323 (13.72%) C#
6 239 (10.15%) Java 8
7 185 (7.86%) Ruby
8 147 (6.24%) Groovy
9 125 (5.31%) Bash Shell
10 120 (5.10%) Scala
11 75 (3.18%) ES6
12 73 (3.10%) PL/SQL
13 72 (3.06%) T-SQL
14 69 (2.93%) PHP
15 67 (2.85%) XPath
16 65 (2.76%) Perl
17 61 (2.59%) C++
17 61 (2.59%) PowerShell
18 58 (2.46%) Go
19 55 (2.34%) C
Qualifications
1 198 (8.41%) Security Cleared
2 166 (7.05%) Degree
3 134 (5.69%) SC Cleared
4 52 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 40 (1.70%) DV Cleared
6 25 (1.06%) AWS Certification
6 25 (1.06%) Master's Degree
7 15 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (0.51%) ISTQB
9 11 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
10 10 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
11 9 (0.38%) CISSP
11 9 (0.38%) Siebel Certification
12 8 (0.34%) MCSE
13 7 (0.30%) CEH
13 7 (0.30%) CISA
13 7 (0.30%) ISEB
13 7 (0.30%) OSCP
13 7 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (4.59%) QA
2 15 (0.64%) SLA
3 11 (0.47%) GDPR
4 10 (0.42%) GAAP
5 7 (0.30%) GCP
5 7 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.21%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.21%) PMO
6 5 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.17%) HL7
7 4 (0.17%) ISO 8583
7 4 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.13%) MiFID
9 2 (0.085%) COBIT
9 2 (0.085%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.085%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.085%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.085%) WCAG
10 1 (0.042%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.042%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 434 (18.43%) Docker
2 88 (3.74%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.64%) vSphere
5 14 (0.59%) HDFS
6 12 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.30%) vCloud
7 7 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.21%) etcd
9 5 (0.21%) Varnish
10 4 (0.17%) Apache Flume
10 4 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.085%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.085%) pfSense
11 2 (0.085%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.085%) Xen
11 2 (0.085%) XenApp
12 1 (0.042%) NFS
12 1 (0.042%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 217 (9.21%) Ansible
2 163 (6.92%) Puppet
3 162 (6.88%) Terraform
4 155 (6.58%) Kubernetes
5 145 (6.16%) Opscode Chef
6 58 (2.46%) Single Sign-On
7 42 (1.78%) logstash
8 37 (1.57%) Mesos
9 28 (1.19%) Salt
10 24 (1.02%) Kibana
11 23 (0.98%) Packer
12 15 (0.64%) Grafana
13 13 (0.55%) CA Single Sign-On
13 13 (0.55%) OpenSSO
14 12 (0.51%) Consul
14 12 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
14 12 (0.51%) HP Quality Center
15 11 (0.47%) Prometheus
16 10 (0.42%) Graphite
17 9 (0.38%) Control-M
Vendors
1 260 (11.04%) Oracle
2 198 (8.41%) Microsoft
3 106 (4.50%) Google
4 85 (3.61%) IBM
5 63 (2.68%) VMware
6 55 (2.34%) Salesforce.com
7 51 (2.17%) Red Hat
8 50 (2.12%) ServiceNow
9 41 (1.74%) ATG
10 35 (1.49%) Splunk
11 31 (1.32%) Atlassian
12 30 (1.27%) SAP
13 29 (1.23%) Adobe
14 26 (1.10%) Tableau
15 25 (1.06%) Apigee
15 25 (1.06%) Informatica
15 25 (1.06%) Sitecore
16 24 (1.02%) hybris
17 23 (0.98%) Cisco
17 23 (0.98%) MuleSoft