Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 51 39
Rank change year-on-year -1 -12 -4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,593 2,245 2,619
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.47% 4.83% 5.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.41% 12.31% 14.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 950 1,573 1,919
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £381 £388 £363
90th Percentile £700 £656 £626
England median daily rate £500 £485 £463
% change year-on-year +3.09% +4.86% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 10 12
London median hourly rate £44.50 £51.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.17% +13.89% -10.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £39.07 £21.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £100.75 £57.50
England median hourly rate £49.21 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +9.36% - +5.26%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,834 18,235 17,545
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.03% 39.26% 37.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,525 13,750 13,398
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +7.53%
10th Percentile £375 £374 £350
90th Percentile £691 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 84 104
London median hourly rate £47.83 £40.00 £30.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.58% +32.52% -24.54%
10th Percentile £19.00 £19.25 £19.13
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.51 £49.63
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +9 264 £525 +5.00% 128
South London +3 77 £475 -9.52% 26
West London -5 55 £525 +2.44% 68
East London -3 31 £575 - 27
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 803 (50.41%) Agile Software Development
2 730 (45.83%) Java
3 720 (45.20%) AWS
4 504 (31.64%) JavaScript
5 501 (31.45%) Finance
6 435 (27.31%) Microservices
7 426 (26.74%) Python
8 366 (22.98%) Software Engineering
9 348 (21.85%) Docker
10 343 (21.53%) DevOps
11 320 (20.09%) SQL
12 309 (19.40%) C#
13 301 (18.90%) REST
14 280 (17.58%) Git (software)
15 279 (17.51%) Jenkins
16 274 (17.20%) Azure
16 274 (17.20%) Asset Management
17 272 (17.07%) RESTful
18 270 (16.95%) TDD
19 257 (16.13%) Scrum
20 253 (15.88%) .NET
21 246 (15.44%) Continuous Integration
22 239 (15.00%) Front Office
23 230 (14.44%) AngularJS
24 221 (13.87%) HTML
24 221 (13.87%) Linux
25 220 (13.81%) React
26 217 (13.62%) XML
27 216 (13.56%) Fixed Income
28 214 (13.43%) SOAP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (8.60%) Confluence
2 53 (3.33%) SharePoint
3 49 (3.08%) Apache
4 41 (2.57%) Apache Spark
5 34 (2.13%) IIS
6 33 (2.07%) Elasticsearch
7 30 (1.88%) Tomcat
8 22 (1.38%) Jupyter
9 18 (1.13%) CMS
10 17 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 15 (0.94%) Apache Solr
12 12 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 12 (0.75%) Oracle Workflow
12 12 (0.75%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (0.69%) OpenStack
13 11 (0.69%) SharePoint 2013
14 10 (0.63%) JBoss
14 10 (0.63%) WebSphere
15 9 (0.56%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 28 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
1 28 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.63%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.25%) InfoPath
5 2 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.13%) Zeplin
6 1 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 38 (2.39%) FINCAD Analytics
2 28 (1.76%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.75%) Adobe Campaign
4 11 (0.69%) Markit EDM
4 11 (0.69%) PolarLake
5 9 (0.56%) NetSuite
6 8 (0.50%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle Assets
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle FAH
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle General Ledger
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle iProcurement
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
7 7 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
7 7 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.38%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 5 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
9 5 (0.31%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 4 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 720 (45.20%) AWS
2 274 (17.20%) Azure
3 149 (9.35%) Serverless
4 138 (8.66%) Amazon S3
5 130 (8.16%) AWS Lambda
6 122 (7.66%) GCP
7 121 (7.60%) Amazon EC2
8 94 (5.90%) GitHub
9 89 (5.59%) Amazon SQS
10 81 (5.08%) AWS CloudFormation
11 70 (4.39%) OpenShift
12 67 (4.21%) SaaS
13 63 (3.95%) Amazon ECS
14 43 (2.70%) AWS Step Functions
15 42 (2.64%) PaaS
16 41 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
17 34 (2.13%) Office 365
18 31 (1.95%) Power Platform
19 28 (1.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 27 (1.69%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.14%) HTTP
2 34 (2.13%) Internet
3 32 (2.01%) TCP/IP
4 31 (1.95%) Firewall
5 28 (1.76%) VPN
6 20 (1.26%) FTP
7 13 (0.82%) Kerberos
8 10 (0.63%) SSL
9 9 (0.56%) DNS
9 9 (0.56%) Network Security
10 8 (0.50%) DHCP
11 6 (0.38%) Intranet
11 6 (0.38%) WAN
12 5 (0.31%) Ethernet
13 4 (0.25%) SAN
13 4 (0.25%) X.509
14 3 (0.19%) Cisco ASA
14 3 (0.19%) Intrusion Detection
14 3 (0.19%) LAN
14 3 (0.19%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (12.37%) SQL Server
2 148 (9.29%) PostgreSQL
3 136 (8.54%) Relational Database
4 128 (8.04%) NoSQL
5 121 (7.60%) Amazon RDS
6 109 (6.84%) MySQL
7 97 (6.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 92 (5.78%) Amazon Athena
9 80 (5.02%) Big Data
10 75 (4.71%) MongoDB
11 74 (4.65%) Amazon Redshift
12 72 (4.52%) RDBMS
13 68 (4.27%) Amazon Aurora
14 55 (3.45%) Apache Cassandra
15 44 (2.76%) HBase
16 37 (2.32%) Hadoop
17 35 (2.20%) Redis
18 29 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
19 27 (1.69%) DB2
19 27 (1.69%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 280 (17.58%) Git (software)
2 279 (17.51%) Jenkins
3 178 (11.17%) JIRA
4 130 (8.16%) Maven
5 99 (6.21%) JUnit
6 84 (5.27%) Mockito
7 83 (5.21%) Selenium
8 63 (3.95%) RStudio
9 59 (3.70%) Artifactory
10 52 (3.26%) Gradle
11 48 (3.01%) Cucumber
12 45 (2.82%) Bitbucket
13 43 (2.70%) TeamCity
14 42 (2.64%) SonarQube
15 39 (2.45%) GitLab
15 39 (2.45%) Subversion
16 38 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
17 32 (2.01%) Visual Studio
18 29 (1.82%) JMeter
19 28 (1.76%) jMock
General
1 501 (31.45%) Finance
2 239 (15.00%) Front Office
3 152 (9.54%) Banking
4 46 (2.89%) Public Sector
5 39 (2.45%) Marketing
6 22 (1.38%) Publishing
7 21 (1.32%) Retail
8 20 (1.26%) Telecoms
9 18 (1.13%) Games
10 16 (1.00%) Pharmaceutical
11 15 (0.94%) Billing
12 14 (0.88%) Investment Banking
13 12 (0.75%) Financial Institution
13 12 (0.75%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.69%) Back Office
15 9 (0.56%) Advertising
16 7 (0.44%) Electronics
16 7 (0.44%) International Banking
16 7 (0.44%) Law
16 7 (0.44%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 884 (55.49%) Developer
2 266 (16.70%) Java Developer
3 177 (11.11%) Architect
4 172 (10.80%) Senior Developer
5 166 (10.42%) AWS Developer
6 153 (9.60%) AWS Engineer
7 142 (8.91%) Software Engineer
8 101 (6.34%) DevOps Engineer
9 92 (5.78%) .NET Developer
10 81 (5.08%) AWS Software Engineer
11 74 (4.65%) Python Developer
12 68 (4.27%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 66 (4.14%) Lead Developer
14 65 (4.08%) Senior Java Developer
15 63 (3.95%) React Developer
15 63 (3.95%) Solutions Architect
16 62 (3.89%) Java Engineer
17 61 (3.83%) Java Software Developer
18 58 (3.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 57 (3.58%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (18.90%) REST
2 272 (17.07%) RESTful
3 253 (15.88%) .NET
4 230 (14.44%) AngularJS
5 221 (13.87%) HTML
6 220 (13.81%) React
7 217 (13.62%) XML
8 214 (13.43%) SOAP
9 208 (13.06%) J2EE
10 203 (12.74%) Node.js
11 185 (11.61%) Spring
12 183 (11.49%) CSS
13 155 (9.73%) JSON
14 100 (6.28%) Kafka
15 87 (5.46%) Spring Boot
16 71 (4.46%) ASP.NET
17 70 (4.39%) HTML5
18 67 (4.21%) Hibernate
19 58 (3.64%) .NET Core
20 53 (3.33%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 216 (13.56%) Fixed Income
2 179 (11.24%) Derivative
3 133 (8.35%) Greenfield Project
4 99 (6.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 91 (5.71%) User Experience
6 80 (5.02%) Equities
7 66 (4.14%) Analytical Skills
8 59 (3.70%) Hedge funds
9 46 (2.89%) Enterprise Software
10 45 (2.82%) Public Cloud
11 36 (2.26%) Blog
11 36 (2.26%) Equity Derivative
11 36 (2.26%) Reference Data
12 33 (2.07%) Mobile App
13 29 (1.82%) Animation
14 24 (1.51%) Algorithms
14 24 (1.51%) Data Structures
14 24 (1.51%) Video on Demand
14 24 (1.51%) Video\Live Streaming
15 23 (1.44%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 221 (13.87%) Linux
2 90 (5.65%) Windows
3 70 (4.39%) Unix
4 36 (2.26%) Apple iOS
5 23 (1.44%) tvOS
6 22 (1.38%) Android
6 22 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (1.32%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.63%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.50%) Debian
10 8 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.31%) CentOS
11 5 (0.31%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.19%) Solaris
12 3 (0.19%) SUSE
12 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
13 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 803 (50.41%) Agile Software Development
2 435 (27.31%) Microservices
3 366 (22.98%) Software Engineering
4 343 (21.53%) DevOps
5 274 (17.20%) Asset Management
6 270 (16.95%) TDD
7 257 (16.13%) Scrum
8 246 (15.44%) Continuous Integration
9 192 (12.05%) Test Automation
10 179 (11.24%) Analytics
11 172 (10.80%) BDD
12 171 (10.73%) Open Source
13 132 (8.29%) Front End Development
14 130 (8.16%) MVC
15 117 (7.34%) Mentoring
16 116 (7.28%) Kanban
16 116 (7.28%) Migration
17 115 (7.22%) Unit Testing
18 99 (6.21%) SDLC
19 94 (5.90%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 730 (45.83%) Java
2 504 (31.64%) JavaScript
3 426 (26.74%) Python
4 320 (20.09%) SQL
5 309 (19.40%) C#
6 131 (8.22%) C++
7 119 (7.47%) R
8 80 (5.02%) Scala
9 78 (4.90%) Ruby
10 75 (4.71%) Java 8
11 48 (3.01%) TypeScript
12 47 (2.95%) Kotlin
13 43 (2.70%) PL/SQL
14 42 (2.64%) Bash Shell
15 40 (2.51%) Apex Code
16 38 (2.39%) Go
16 38 (2.39%) Groovy
17 34 (2.13%) T-SQL
18 33 (2.07%) Apple Swift
19 29 (1.82%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 103 (6.47%) Degree
1 103 (6.47%) Security Cleared
2 76 (4.77%) SC Cleared
3 36 (2.26%) AWS Certification
4 20 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (0.94%) CISSP
6 13 (0.82%) ISEB
7 12 (0.75%) CISM
7 12 (0.75%) ISTQB
8 10 (0.63%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.63%) RHCE
9 9 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.44%) OSCP
11 6 (0.38%) HND
12 5 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.25%) CCA
13 4 (0.25%) CCNA
13 4 (0.25%) CCNP
13 4 (0.25%) ISSMP
13 4 (0.25%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (4.46%) QA
2 19 (1.19%) Data Quality
3 17 (1.07%) GDPR
4 16 (1.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.94%) SLA
6 6 (0.38%) NIST
6 6 (0.38%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.31%) HL7
8 4 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.19%) NCSC
10 2 (0.13%) COBIT
10 2 (0.13%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.063%) Basel III
11 1 (0.063%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.063%) GxP
11 1 (0.063%) IFRS
11 1 (0.063%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.063%) MiFID
11 1 (0.063%) TARGET2
11 1 (0.063%) WAI
System Software
1 348 (21.85%) Docker
2 33 (2.07%) Active Directory
3 30 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (1.32%) vSphere
5 10 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
6 7 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.31%) HDFS
8 4 (0.25%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.25%) GridGain
8 4 (0.25%) Postfix
9 3 (0.19%) Varnish
9 3 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.13%) XenApp
10 2 (0.13%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.063%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.063%) NFS
11 1 (0.063%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.063%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.063%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.063%) zsh
Systems Management
1 208 (13.06%) Kubernetes
2 188 (11.80%) Terraform
3 119 (7.47%) Ansible
4 47 (2.95%) Puppet
5 39 (2.45%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.63%) Packer
7 19 (1.19%) Single Sign-On
8 14 (0.88%) Kibana
9 12 (0.75%) Suricata
10 10 (0.63%) Prometheus
11 6 (0.38%) Salt
12 4 (0.25%) Consul
12 4 (0.25%) Graphite
13 3 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.19%) FortiGate
13 3 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
13 3 (0.19%) logstash
13 3 (0.19%) Mesos
13 3 (0.19%) Nagios
14 2 (0.13%) MIIS
Vendors
1 158 (9.92%) Oracle
2 141 (8.85%) Microsoft
3 114 (7.16%) Google
4 60 (3.77%) Salesforce.com
5 57 (3.58%) Bloomberg
5 57 (3.58%) ServiceNow
6 46 (2.89%) Sybase
7 43 (2.70%) Reuters
8 38 (2.39%) VMware
9 35 (2.20%) Red Hat
10 33 (2.07%) MuleSoft
11 28 (1.76%) Apple
11 28 (1.76%) Splunk
12 27 (1.69%) SAP
13 20 (1.26%) Dell
14 19 (1.19%) Adobe
15 17 (1.07%) IBM
16 13 (0.82%) Atlassian
17 12 (0.75%) Qualys
18 11 (0.69%) Tableau