Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 38 34 37
Rank change year-on-year -4 +3 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2592 2495 2249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.57% 5.52% 4.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.01% 16.03% 14.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 1901 1873 1634
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £313
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
England median daily rate £463 £438 £415
% change year-on-year +5.71% +5.42% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 12 6
London median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £21.25 £30.10 £42.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £50.00 £54.38
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +6.88% +6.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17269 15562 15183
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.10% 34.40% 32.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 13196 11655 11304
London median daily rate £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £308
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 72 92
London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £19.00 £19.23 £14.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £57.44 £58.75
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.49%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 434 £500 +5.26% 47
South London +6 168 £475 +5.56% 8
West London -5 115 £518 +8.95% 20
East London -3 29 £450 +0.56% 10
North London -3 6 £488 +62.50% 6
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1440 (55.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1314 (50.69%) Java
3 816 (31.48%) JavaScript
4 796 (30.71%) Amazon AWS
5 779 (30.05%) TDD
6 735 (28.36%) REST
7 635 (24.50%) SQL
8 634 (24.46%) RESTful
9 611 (23.57%) HTML
10 540 (20.83%) Continuous Integration
11 533 (20.56%) Scrum
12 524 (20.22%) Git (software)
13 521 (20.10%) CSS
14 508 (19.60%) Jenkins
15 504 (19.44%) SOAP
16 503 (19.41%) XML
17 495 (19.10%) BDD
18 482 (18.60%) AngularJS
19 477 (18.40%) DevOps
20 466 (17.98%) Finance
21 464 (17.90%) Spring
22 453 (17.48%) Linux
23 452 (17.44%) .NET
24 412 (15.90%) C#
25 395 (15.24%) MVC
26 385 (14.85%) Python
27 383 (14.78%) JSON
28 368 (14.20%) Test Automation
29 348 (13.43%) Docker
29 348 (13.43%) Microservices

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (5.29%) Confluence
2 133 (5.13%) Tomcat
3 127 (4.90%) JBoss
4 121 (4.67%) Apache
5 92 (3.55%) WebSphere
6 78 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
7 68 (2.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 56 (2.16%) Apache Spark
9 49 (1.89%) CMS
10 45 (1.74%) IIS
11 36 (1.39%) SharePoint
12 33 (1.27%) Apache Solr
13 28 (1.08%) nginx
13 28 (1.08%) WebLogic
13 28 (1.08%) WebSphere Application Server
14 22 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 20 (0.77%) Mule
16 19 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
17 15 (0.58%) Mule ESB
18 14 (0.54%) WildFly
Applications
1 41 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.85%) MS Visio
3 12 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 12 (0.46%) OmniGraffle
4 11 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.35%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.27%) SmartSuite
7 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.077%) Adobe After Effects
9 2 (0.077%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.077%) InDesign
9 2 (0.077%) Mingle
9 2 (0.077%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.039%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 41 (1.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (1.27%) Payment Gateway
3 13 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
4 10 (0.39%) Magento
5 8 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
7 6 (0.23%) RMDS
8 5 (0.19%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
9 4 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
9 4 (0.15%) ION MarketView
9 4 (0.15%) Siebel CRM
10 3 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.12%) Radian6
10 3 (0.12%) Social Studio
10 3 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
11 2 (0.077%) Markit EDM
11 2 (0.077%) WebTrends
12 1 (0.039%) Oracle Retail
12 1 (0.039%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 796 (30.71%) Amazon AWS
2 200 (7.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 68 (2.62%) SaaS
4 63 (2.43%) Serverless
5 62 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
6 58 (2.24%) Amazon S3
7 53 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
7 53 (2.04%) IaaS
7 53 (2.04%) npm
8 46 (1.77%) GitHub
9 42 (1.62%) Google Cloud Platform
10 39 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
11 37 (1.43%) PaaS
12 34 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
13 30 (1.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 27 (1.04%) Office 365
14 27 (1.04%) OpenShift
14 27 (1.04%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 26 (1.00%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 22 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 120 (4.63%) HTTP
2 89 (3.43%) Internet
3 69 (2.66%) TCP/IP
4 51 (1.97%) DNS
5 48 (1.85%) Firewall
6 45 (1.74%) SSL
7 37 (1.43%) FTP
8 36 (1.39%) LDAP
9 31 (1.20%) VPN
10 22 (0.85%) Network Security
11 16 (0.62%) LAN
12 13 (0.50%) SMS
13 11 (0.42%) SAN
13 11 (0.42%) WAN
14 9 (0.35%) SMTP
15 7 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
16 6 (0.23%) Bluetooth
16 6 (0.23%) Ethernet
16 6 (0.23%) IMAP
16 6 (0.23%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 330 (12.73%) SQL Server
2 257 (9.92%) NoSQL
3 190 (7.33%) Relational Database
4 178 (6.87%) MongoDB
5 164 (6.33%) MySQL
6 160 (6.17%) Big Data
7 147 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
8 122 (4.71%) Hadoop
9 75 (2.89%) RDBMS
10 73 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
11 71 (2.74%) Oracle Database
12 70 (2.70%) HBase
13 55 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 46 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
15 42 (1.62%) Redis
16 40 (1.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 30 (1.16%) Apache Hive
18 29 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
19 28 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 28 (1.08%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 524 (20.22%) Git (software)
2 508 (19.60%) Jenkins
3 288 (11.11%) JIRA
4 256 (9.88%) Maven
5 187 (7.21%) JUnit
6 185 (7.14%) Subversion
7 182 (7.02%) Selenium
8 143 (5.52%) Cucumber
9 117 (4.51%) TeamCity
10 106 (4.09%) Mockito
11 93 (3.59%) gulp
12 91 (3.51%) Gradle
13 82 (3.16%) Grunt
13 82 (3.16%) SoapUI
14 78 (3.01%) Ant
15 74 (2.85%) webpack
16 69 (2.66%) IntelliJ
17 62 (2.39%) Jasmine
18 61 (2.35%) Eclipse
19 59 (2.28%) WebDriver
General
1 466 (17.98%) Finance
2 246 (9.49%) Banking
3 101 (3.90%) Marketing
4 81 (3.13%) Retail
5 75 (2.89%) Front Office
6 57 (2.20%) Telecoms
7 53 (2.04%) Games
8 50 (1.93%) Investment Banking
9 32 (1.23%) Publishing
10 27 (1.04%) Electronics
10 27 (1.04%) Manufacturing
11 20 (0.77%) Advertising
11 20 (0.77%) Financial Institution
11 20 (0.77%) Legal
12 17 (0.66%) Back Office
12 17 (0.66%) Retail Banking
13 15 (0.58%) Law
14 7 (0.27%) Automotive
15 5 (0.19%) Digital Economy
16 4 (0.15%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1555 (59.99%) Developer
2 573 (22.11%) Java Developer
3 231 (8.91%) Architect
4 190 (7.33%) Senior Developer
5 175 (6.75%) DevOps Engineer
6 149 (5.75%) .NET Developer
7 124 (4.78%) AWS DevOps
8 120 (4.63%) JavaScript Developer
9 119 (4.59%) C# Developer
10 114 (4.40%) AWS Engineer
11 113 (4.36%) Analyst
12 105 (4.05%) Full Stack Developer
13 95 (3.67%) Consultant
14 93 (3.59%) Senior Java Developer
15 83 (3.20%) Angular Developer
16 81 (3.13%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 77 (2.97%) Java Engineer
18 74 (2.85%) Agile Developer
19 70 (2.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 70 (2.70%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 735 (28.36%) REST
2 634 (24.46%) RESTful
3 611 (23.57%) HTML
4 521 (20.10%) CSS
5 504 (19.44%) SOAP
6 503 (19.41%) XML
7 482 (18.60%) AngularJS
8 464 (17.90%) Spring
9 452 (17.44%) .NET
10 383 (14.78%) JSON
11 337 (13.00%) HTML5
12 333 (12.85%) Node.js
13 237 (9.14%) React
14 235 (9.07%) Hibernate
15 228 (8.80%) J2EE
16 208 (8.02%) jQuery
17 202 (7.79%) CSS3
18 172 (6.64%) ASP.NET
19 142 (5.48%) ASP.NET Web API
20 134 (5.17%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 184 (7.10%) Analytical Skills
2 134 (5.17%) Computer Science
3 126 (4.86%) User Experience
4 118 (4.55%) Greenfield Project
5 114 (4.40%) Enterprise Software
6 102 (3.94%) Mobile App
7 80 (3.09%) Data Structures
8 63 (2.43%) Algorithms
9 60 (2.31%) Virtual Team
10 52 (2.01%) iPad
10 52 (2.01%) Public Cloud
11 42 (1.62%) Client/Server
12 40 (1.54%) Fintech
12 40 (1.54%) Social Media
13 35 (1.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 34 (1.31%) Fixed Income
15 26 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
16 24 (0.93%) N-Tier
16 24 (0.93%) Video\Live Streaming
17 23 (0.89%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 453 (17.48%) Linux
2 273 (10.53%) Unix
3 227 (8.76%) Windows
4 66 (2.55%) Android
4 66 (2.55%) Apple iOS
5 47 (1.81%) CentOS
6 43 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 38 (1.47%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.69%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
10 11 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.39%) Solaris
11 10 (0.39%) Windows 10
12 7 (0.27%) SUSE
13 6 (0.23%) HPUX
14 5 (0.19%) CoreOS
15 4 (0.15%) Debian
15 4 (0.15%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.12%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1440 (55.56%) Agile Software Development
2 779 (30.05%) TDD
3 540 (20.83%) Continuous Integration
4 533 (20.56%) Scrum
5 495 (19.10%) BDD
6 477 (18.40%) DevOps
7 395 (15.24%) MVC
8 368 (14.20%) Test Automation
9 348 (13.43%) Microservices
10 282 (10.88%) OO
11 258 (9.95%) SOA
12 246 (9.49%) E-Commerce
13 234 (9.03%) Open Source
14 224 (8.64%) Software Engineering
15 213 (8.22%) Unit Testing
16 203 (7.83%) Web Development
17 193 (7.45%) Pair Programming
18 186 (7.18%) Continuous Delivery
19 185 (7.14%) Kanban
20 183 (7.06%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1314 (50.69%) Java
2 816 (31.48%) JavaScript
3 635 (24.50%) SQL
4 412 (15.90%) C#
5 385 (14.85%) Python
6 196 (7.56%) Ruby
7 166 (6.40%) Scala
8 126 (4.86%) T-SQL
9 123 (4.75%) Groovy
10 115 (4.44%) Bash Shell
11 88 (3.40%) PHP
11 88 (3.40%) PL/SQL
12 82 (3.16%) ES6
13 79 (3.05%) Perl
14 74 (2.85%) Shell Script
15 62 (2.39%) C++
16 61 (2.35%) PowerShell
17 56 (2.16%) Go
18 47 (1.81%) Apple Swift
19 44 (1.70%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 184 (7.10%) Security Cleared
2 174 (6.71%) Degree
3 129 (4.98%) SC Cleared
4 52 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.00%) AWS Certification
6 22 (0.85%) ISTQB
7 20 (0.77%) DV Cleared
7 20 (0.77%) ISEB
8 10 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
9 9 (0.35%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
11 7 (0.27%) RHCE
12 6 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.23%) Citrix Certification
13 5 (0.19%) CCNP
13 5 (0.19%) CHECK Team Member
13 5 (0.19%) MCP
13 5 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
13 5 (0.19%) RHCSA
14 4 (0.15%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (6.75%) QA
2 26 (1.00%) MiFID
3 11 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.39%) GDPR
5 8 (0.31%) Actionable Recommendations
5 8 (0.31%) SLA
6 6 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.23%) GCP
7 5 (0.19%) EMIR
8 4 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.077%) COBIT
10 2 (0.077%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.077%) HL7
10 2 (0.077%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.077%) WCAG
11 1 (0.039%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.039%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.039%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.039%) WAI
System Software
1 348 (13.43%) Docker
2 66 (2.55%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.66%) Varnish
4 15 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.54%) HDFS
6 13 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.27%) Apache Flume
8 7 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.23%) etcd
10 5 (0.19%) FreeRADIUS
10 5 (0.19%) vSphere
11 4 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.12%) VirtualBox
13 2 (0.077%) Firmware
13 2 (0.077%) GridGain
13 2 (0.077%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.077%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.077%) OpenIDM
13 2 (0.077%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 185 (7.14%) Ansible
2 160 (6.17%) Puppet
3 141 (5.44%) Kubernetes
4 118 (4.55%) Opscode Chef
5 99 (3.82%) Terraform
6 55 (2.12%) logstash
7 29 (1.12%) Kibana
7 29 (1.12%) Packer
8 27 (1.04%) HP Quality Center
9 26 (1.00%) Consul
10 16 (0.62%) Control-M
10 16 (0.62%) Mesos
11 14 (0.54%) ITRS Geneos
11 14 (0.54%) Nagios
12 13 (0.50%) Grafana
12 13 (0.50%) HAProxy
12 13 (0.50%) Salt
12 13 (0.50%) Sysdig
13 11 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
14 8 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 339 (13.08%) Oracle
2 249 (9.61%) Microsoft
3 79 (3.05%) Salesforce.com
4 76 (2.93%) ServiceNow
5 75 (2.89%) IBM
6 66 (2.55%) Google
7 59 (2.28%) SAP
8 58 (2.24%) Red Hat
9 52 (2.01%) ATG
10 47 (1.81%) VMware
11 46 (1.77%) Adobe
12 36 (1.39%) New Relic
13 32 (1.23%) HP
14 31 (1.20%) TIBCO
15 30 (1.16%) hybris
15 30 (1.16%) Splunk
15 30 (1.16%) Sybase
16 28 (1.08%) Apigee
17 27 (1.04%) MuleSoft
18 24 (0.93%) Solace