Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 38 55
Rank change year-on-year -12 +17 -12
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,055 1,305 1,972
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.76% 5.61% 4.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.22% 15.05% 12.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 870 994 1,301
10th Percentile £413 £408 £400
25th Percentile £488 £478 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +4.48%
75th Percentile £661 £650 £600
90th Percentile £713 £750 £663
England median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 14
Median hourly rate £50.00 £31.94 £44.18
Median % change year-on-year +56.54% -27.70% +48.50%
England median hourly rate £34.25 £50.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year -32.18% +6.32% +11.76%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,981 8,669 15,476
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.04% 37.29% 36.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,995 6,454 11,723
10th Percentile £375 £375 £370
25th Percentile £440 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £625 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 46 65
10th Percentile £19.38 £25.68 £22.99
25th Percentile £32.04 £45.06 £27.50
Median hourly rate £46.96 £56.25 £43.92
Median % change year-on-year -16.52% +28.09% +14.06%
75th Percentile £60.31 £69.50 £47.83
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £53.75
England median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.18
% change year-on-year -2.17% +4.12% +7.76%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -17 72 £550 +8.11% 71
West London +19 25 £575 +9.52% 28
South London +8 15 £530 +2.17% 7
East London +20 3 £480 -14.67% 13
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 664 (62.94%) Agile Software Development
2 605 (57.35%) AWS
3 563 (53.36%) Finance
4 541 (51.28%) JavaScript
5 466 (44.17%) Software Engineering
6 450 (42.65%) Java
7 423 (40.09%) React
8 386 (36.59%) Docker
9 374 (35.45%) Asset Management
10 363 (34.41%) Python
11 352 (33.36%) Front Office
12 320 (30.33%) Kubernetes
12 320 (30.33%) Node.js
13 308 (29.19%) Azure
14 294 (27.87%) Investment Management
15 290 (27.49%) Terraform
16 282 (26.73%) Serverless
17 224 (21.23%) AngularJS
18 216 (20.47%) REST
19 208 (19.72%) Amazon S3
20 206 (19.53%) GCP
21 198 (18.77%) TypeScript
21 198 (18.77%) AWS Lambda
22 196 (18.58%) SQL
23 188 (17.82%) .NET
24 186 (17.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
25 184 (17.44%) Microservices
26 164 (15.55%) Amazon SQS
27 160 (15.17%) DevOps
28 159 (15.07%) Amazon RDS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (5.40%) Mule
2 49 (4.64%) Red Hat Fuse
3 44 (4.17%) Apache
3 44 (4.17%) Apache Spark
4 42 (3.98%) Confluence
5 35 (3.32%) JBoss
6 20 (1.90%) CMS
7 19 (1.80%) Anypoint
8 16 (1.52%) Tomcat
9 15 (1.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 14 (1.33%) SharePoint
11 11 (1.04%) Apache Airflow
11 11 (1.04%) WebSphere
11 11 (1.04%) WordPress
12 9 (0.85%) Mule ESB
13 7 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
13 7 (0.66%) IIS
14 6 (0.57%) Appian
14 6 (0.57%) nginx
15 5 (0.47%) Jetty
Applications
1 5 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
1 5 (0.47%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.095%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 5 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.28%) Elite 3E
3 2 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.095%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.095%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.095%) Magento
4 1 (0.095%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.095%) Maximo
4 1 (0.095%) OpenText VIM for SAP
4 1 (0.095%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.095%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.095%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.095%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 605 (57.35%) AWS
2 308 (29.19%) Azure
3 282 (26.73%) Serverless
4 208 (19.72%) Amazon S3
5 206 (19.53%) GCP
6 198 (18.77%) AWS Lambda
7 164 (15.55%) Amazon SQS
8 148 (14.03%) AWS Step Functions
9 45 (4.27%) Amazon EC2
10 35 (3.32%) PaaS
10 35 (3.32%) Power Platform
11 29 (2.75%) GitHub
12 24 (2.27%) AWS CloudFormation
13 23 (2.18%) PowerApps
14 22 (2.09%) SaaS
15 20 (1.90%) IaaS
16 18 (1.71%) OpenShift
16 18 (1.71%) Power Automate
17 15 (1.42%) Microsoft 365
18 14 (1.33%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 60 (5.69%) HTTP
2 15 (1.42%) DNS
3 12 (1.14%) SSL
4 11 (1.04%) Network Security
4 11 (1.04%) TCP/IP
5 10 (0.95%) Firewall
6 8 (0.76%) Broadband
6 8 (0.76%) Intranet
7 7 (0.66%) IPv6
7 7 (0.66%) VPN
8 6 (0.57%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 6 (0.57%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 4 (0.38%) CTI
9 4 (0.38%) DHCP
9 4 (0.38%) Internet
9 4 (0.38%) SAN
9 4 (0.38%) Softphone
9 4 (0.38%) Wireless
10 3 (0.28%) IPv4
10 3 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (17.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 159 (15.07%) Amazon RDS
3 114 (10.81%) SQL Server
4 66 (6.26%) NoSQL
5 54 (5.12%) MongoDB
6 52 (4.93%) MySQL
7 43 (4.08%) Relational Database
8 42 (3.98%) PostgreSQL
9 31 (2.94%) Big Data
10 30 (2.84%) Apache Ignite
11 23 (2.18%) Data Warehouse
12 22 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 20 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
13 20 (1.90%) Redis
14 19 (1.80%) Power BI
15 15 (1.42%) Data Lake
16 14 (1.33%) BigQuery
17 12 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
18 11 (1.04%) RDBMS
18 11 (1.04%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 149 (14.12%) Git (software)
2 132 (12.51%) Jenkins
3 76 (7.20%) JIRA
4 65 (6.16%) Maven
5 42 (3.98%) JUnit
6 35 (3.32%) GitLab
7 34 (3.22%) Cucumber
8 28 (2.65%) Subversion
9 25 (2.37%) Selenium
10 22 (2.09%) TeamCity
11 19 (1.80%) Mockito
12 18 (1.71%) Gradle
12 18 (1.71%) Visual Studio
13 17 (1.61%) jMock
14 15 (1.42%) Eclipse
15 14 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 14 (1.33%) SoapUI
16 12 (1.14%) Hudson
16 12 (1.14%) Postman
16 12 (1.14%) SonarQube
General
1 563 (53.36%) Finance
2 352 (33.36%) Front Office
3 93 (8.82%) Banking
4 57 (5.40%) Investment Banking
5 55 (5.21%) Public Sector
6 50 (4.74%) Marketing
7 42 (3.98%) Telecoms
8 29 (2.75%) Manufacturing
9 27 (2.56%) Electronics
10 19 (1.80%) Retail
11 4 (0.38%) French Language
11 4 (0.38%) Games
11 4 (0.38%) Multimedia
12 3 (0.28%) Advertising
12 3 (0.28%) Billing
12 3 (0.28%) German Language
12 3 (0.28%) Legal
13 2 (0.19%) Military
13 2 (0.19%) Police
13 2 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 733 (69.48%) Developer
2 304 (28.82%) React Developer
3 169 (16.02%) AWS Developer
4 162 (15.36%) Software Engineer
5 144 (13.65%) JavaScript Developer
6 143 (13.55%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 120 (11.37%) Java Developer
8 110 (10.43%) Full Stack Developer
9 89 (8.44%) Node.js Developer
10 86 (8.15%) Python Developer
11 80 (7.58%) Senior Developer
12 76 (7.20%) Architect
13 73 (6.92%) Designer
14 72 (6.82%) UX Designer
15 67 (6.35%) UX Engineer
16 66 (6.26%) UI Designer
16 66 (6.26%) UI Developer
16 66 (6.26%) UI Engineer
16 66 (6.26%) UI/UX Designer
16 66 (6.26%) UI/UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 423 (40.09%) React
2 320 (30.33%) Node.js
3 224 (21.23%) AngularJS
4 216 (20.47%) REST
5 188 (17.82%) .NET
6 141 (13.36%) Spring
7 130 (12.32%) HTML
8 129 (12.23%) XML
9 126 (11.94%) SOAP
10 116 (11.00%) RESTful
11 103 (9.76%) CSS
12 102 (9.67%) JSON
13 93 (8.82%) Vue.js
14 75 (7.11%) React Native
15 71 (6.73%) Middleware
16 59 (5.59%) Apache Camel
16 59 (5.59%) Spring Boot
17 54 (5.12%) Hibernate
18 52 (4.93%) XSLT
19 47 (4.45%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 113 (10.71%) Fixed Income
2 104 (9.86%) Derivative
3 102 (9.67%) Equities
4 89 (8.44%) User Experience
5 59 (5.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 51 (4.83%) Blog
7 50 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
8 37 (3.51%) Hedge funds
9 30 (2.84%) Data Structures
10 27 (2.56%) Algorithms
11 23 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
12 18 (1.71%) Management Information System
13 16 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
14 15 (1.42%) Public Cloud
15 14 (1.33%) Cloud Native
16 11 (1.04%) Mobile App
17 9 (0.85%) Reference Data
18 8 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
19 6 (0.57%) Clustering
19 6 (0.57%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 107 (10.14%) Linux
2 50 (4.74%) Unix
3 46 (4.36%) Windows
4 18 (1.71%) Android
5 17 (1.61%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.47%) CentOS
8 4 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.38%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.19%) AIX
9 2 (0.19%) Solaris
9 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.095%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.095%) SUSE
10 1 (0.095%) tvOS
10 1 (0.095%) VMS
10 1 (0.095%) webOS
10 1 (0.095%) Windows Server 2003
10 1 (0.095%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.095%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 664 (62.94%) Agile Software Development
2 466 (44.17%) Software Engineering
3 374 (35.45%) Asset Management
4 294 (27.87%) Investment Management
5 184 (17.44%) Microservices
6 160 (15.17%) DevOps
7 142 (13.46%) TDD
8 93 (8.82%) Scrum
9 90 (8.53%) Open Source
10 87 (8.25%) Continuous Integration
11 80 (7.58%) Release Management
11 80 (7.58%) SOA
12 74 (7.01%) Progressive Web App
12 74 (7.01%) Web Application Development
13 73 (6.92%) BDD
14 70 (6.64%) Portfolio Management
15 68 (6.45%) MVC
16 67 (6.35%) Test Automation
16 67 (6.35%) Wireframes
17 66 (6.26%) Release Automation
Programming Languages
1 541 (51.28%) JavaScript
2 450 (42.65%) Java
3 363 (34.41%) Python
4 198 (18.77%) TypeScript
5 196 (18.58%) SQL
6 126 (11.94%) Kotlin
7 114 (10.81%) C#
8 42 (3.98%) Scala
9 37 (3.51%) PowerShell
10 36 (3.41%) Java 8
11 31 (2.94%) PHP
12 28 (2.65%) R
13 26 (2.46%) XPath
14 23 (2.18%) T-SQL
15 17 (1.61%) Apex Code
15 17 (1.61%) Bash Shell
15 17 (1.61%) C++
16 16 (1.52%) PL/SQL
16 16 (1.52%) Ruby
17 15 (1.42%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 94 (8.91%) Degree
2 73 (6.92%) Security Cleared
3 71 (6.73%) SC Cleared
4 11 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (0.85%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.66%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.19%) CISM
8 2 (0.19%) CISSP
8 2 (0.19%) ISEB
8 2 (0.19%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.19%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (0.095%) CISA
9 1 (0.095%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.095%) IISP
9 1 (0.095%) JNCIA
9 1 (0.095%) JNCIP
9 1 (0.095%) JNCIS
9 1 (0.095%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.095%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (4.36%) QA
2 10 (0.95%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.85%) WCAG
4 3 (0.28%) GDPR
4 3 (0.28%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.19%) MiFID
5 2 (0.19%) SLA
6 1 (0.095%) GRC
6 1 (0.095%) GxP
6 1 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.095%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 386 (36.59%) Docker
2 15 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.095%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.095%) HDFS
5 1 (0.095%) Varnish
5 1 (0.095%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.095%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 320 (30.33%) Kubernetes
2 290 (27.49%) Terraform
3 52 (4.93%) Ansible
4 22 (2.09%) Puppet
5 21 (1.99%) Opscode Chef
6 17 (1.61%) Packer
7 12 (1.14%) Grafana
7 12 (1.14%) Prometheus
8 10 (0.95%) CloudHub
8 10 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (0.47%) Istio
10 3 (0.28%) Galera Cluster
10 3 (0.28%) HP Fortify
10 3 (0.28%) Kibana
10 3 (0.28%) vCenter Server
11 2 (0.19%) Graylog
11 2 (0.19%) vRealize
12 1 (0.095%) Graphite
12 1 (0.095%) HAProxy
12 1 (0.095%) logstash
Vendors
1 111 (10.52%) Oracle
2 85 (8.06%) Microsoft
3 44 (4.17%) Salesforce.com
4 35 (3.32%) SAP
5 31 (2.94%) MuleSoft
6 26 (2.46%) Google
7 23 (2.18%) Bloomberg
8 19 (1.80%) IBM
8 19 (1.80%) ServiceNow
8 19 (1.80%) Sybase
9 17 (1.61%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.14%) Informatica
11 11 (1.04%) Murex
12 10 (0.95%) Cisco
12 10 (0.95%) Red Hat
12 10 (0.95%) Splunk
13 9 (0.85%) Dell
13 9 (0.85%) VMware
14 7 (0.66%) F5
14 7 (0.66%) Radware