Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 35 34
Rank change year-on-year -5 -1 +3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,516 2,289 2,204
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.49% 5.52% 4.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.98% 15.51% 15.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,884 1,683 1,594
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £313
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
England median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 13 7
London median hourly rate £22.50 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -55.00% - +33.33%
10th Percentile £20.60 £30.21 £32.00
90th Percentile £66.15 £50.00 £53.00
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +6.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,792 14,762 14,357
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.66% 35.58% 32.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,000 11,013 10,747
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £306
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 79 96
London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £37.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +19.21% +4.86%
10th Percentile £20.75 £20.87 £16.44
90th Percentile £47.83 £70.00 £55.00
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 456 £500 +5.26% 139
West London +11 165 £525 +27.27% 59
South London +6 155 £500 +11.11% 11
East London -9 33 £513 +5.13% 22
North London +3 10 £469 +29.31% 5
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,459 (57.99%) Agile Software Development
2 1,323 (52.58%) Java
3 843 (33.51%) Amazon AWS
4 755 (30.01%) TDD
5 754 (29.97%) JavaScript
6 696 (27.66%) REST
7 618 (24.56%) RESTful
8 534 (21.22%) SQL
9 529 (21.03%) Continuous Integration
10 525 (20.87%) HTML
11 520 (20.67%) Git (software)
12 519 (20.63%) Jenkins
13 497 (19.75%) BDD
14 492 (19.55%) DevOps
15 482 (19.16%) Scrum
16 480 (19.08%) Spring
17 475 (18.88%) Finance
18 458 (18.20%) CSS
19 455 (18.08%) SOAP
20 452 (17.97%) XML
21 432 (17.17%) Linux
22 427 (16.97%) Docker
23 413 (16.41%) AngularJS
24 391 (15.54%) Python
25 386 (15.34%) .NET
26 384 (15.26%) MVC
27 375 (14.90%) Microservices
28 362 (14.39%) C#
29 357 (14.19%) JSON
30 334 (13.28%) Test Automation

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (5.92%) Tomcat
2 137 (5.45%) Confluence
3 117 (4.65%) Apache
4 104 (4.13%) JBoss
5 91 (3.62%) Elasticsearch
6 80 (3.18%) WebSphere
7 64 (2.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 50 (1.99%) CMS
9 39 (1.55%) SharePoint
10 33 (1.31%) IIS
11 32 (1.27%) Apache Spark
12 31 (1.23%) WebLogic
13 30 (1.19%) nginx
14 28 (1.11%) Apache Solr
15 27 (1.07%) WebSphere Application Server
16 26 (1.03%) MQSeries
17 25 (0.99%) Cloud Foundry
18 23 (0.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 23 (0.91%) Mule
19 19 (0.76%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 36 (1.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 11 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.44%) OmniGraffle
3 10 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.24%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.12%) SmartSuite
6 2 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.079%) Mingle
6 2 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.079%) SPSS
7 1 (0.040%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.040%) Gephi
7 1 (0.040%) HipChat
7 1 (0.040%) InVision
Business Applications
1 37 (1.47%) Payment Gateway
2 23 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.68%) Oracle BPM
4 12 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.20%) ION MarketView
6 4 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.16%) RMDS
6 4 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.16%) Siebel CRM
7 3 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.12%) Magento
7 3 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
8 2 (0.079%) Global One
8 2 (0.079%) Movex
8 2 (0.079%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.079%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.079%) Oracle Receivables
8 2 (0.079%) Radian6
8 2 (0.079%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 843 (33.51%) Amazon AWS
2 187 (7.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (3.18%) SaaS
4 76 (3.02%) Amazon EC2
5 69 (2.74%) Serverless
6 67 (2.66%) AWS CloudFormation
7 64 (2.54%) Amazon S3
7 64 (2.54%) Google Cloud Platform
8 63 (2.50%) IaaS
9 51 (2.03%) npm
9 51 (2.03%) PaaS
10 44 (1.75%) GitHub
11 31 (1.23%) AWS Lambda
11 31 (1.23%) Office 365
12 27 (1.07%) OpenShift
12 27 (1.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 26 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
14 25 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
15 19 (0.76%) Amazon ELB
15 19 (0.76%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 124 (4.93%) HTTP
2 98 (3.90%) Internet
3 80 (3.18%) TCP/IP
4 60 (2.38%) SSL
5 51 (2.03%) VPN
6 48 (1.91%) DNS
7 41 (1.63%) Firewall
8 40 (1.59%) FTP
9 15 (0.60%) LAN
10 14 (0.56%) Network Security
11 10 (0.40%) Reverse Proxy
11 10 (0.40%) WAN
12 8 (0.32%) SAN
13 7 (0.28%) Kerberos
13 7 (0.28%) SMS
13 7 (0.28%) SMTP
14 6 (0.24%) DHCP
15 5 (0.20%) Bluetooth
15 5 (0.20%) Intranet
15 5 (0.20%) S/MIME
Database & Business Intelligence
1 303 (12.04%) SQL Server
2 227 (9.02%) NoSQL
3 167 (6.64%) Relational Database
4 160 (6.36%) MySQL
5 156 (6.20%) PostgreSQL
6 155 (6.16%) MongoDB
7 137 (5.45%) Big Data
8 115 (4.57%) Hadoop
9 72 (2.86%) Oracle Database
10 69 (2.74%) RDBMS
11 68 (2.70%) Apache Cassandra
12 67 (2.66%) HBase
13 46 (1.83%) Redis
14 44 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
15 39 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 34 (1.35%) SQL Server 2008
17 33 (1.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 31 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 28 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
19 28 (1.11%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 520 (20.67%) Git (software)
2 519 (20.63%) Jenkins
3 260 (10.33%) JIRA
4 239 (9.50%) Maven
5 191 (7.59%) JUnit
6 150 (5.96%) Subversion
7 149 (5.92%) Selenium
8 141 (5.60%) Cucumber
9 121 (4.81%) TeamCity
10 114 (4.53%) Mockito
11 94 (3.74%) Gradle
12 75 (2.98%) webpack
13 66 (2.62%) gulp
13 66 (2.62%) SoapUI
14 61 (2.42%) Grunt
15 58 (2.31%) Ant
16 54 (2.15%) Team Foundation Server
17 53 (2.11%) Jasmine
18 51 (2.03%) Eclipse
18 51 (2.03%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 475 (18.88%) Finance
2 244 (9.70%) Banking
3 81 (3.22%) Marketing
4 71 (2.82%) Retail
5 55 (2.19%) Investment Banking
6 52 (2.07%) Games
7 50 (1.99%) Telecoms
8 39 (1.55%) Front Office
9 27 (1.07%) Publishing
10 22 (0.87%) Manufacturing
11 21 (0.83%) Financial Institution
12 20 (0.79%) Advertising
12 20 (0.79%) Electronics
13 18 (0.72%) Legal
14 15 (0.60%) Retail Banking
15 13 (0.52%) Law
16 12 (0.48%) Back Office
17 6 (0.24%) Automotive
18 5 (0.20%) Digital Economy
19 4 (0.16%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1,464 (58.19%) Developer
2 573 (22.77%) Java Developer
3 227 (9.02%) Architect
4 207 (8.23%) DevOps Engineer
5 197 (7.83%) Senior Developer
6 139 (5.52%) .NET Developer
7 135 (5.37%) AWS DevOps
7 135 (5.37%) AWS Engineer
8 114 (4.53%) Full Stack Developer
9 110 (4.37%) Senior Java Developer
10 104 (4.13%) Consultant
11 103 (4.09%) JavaScript Developer
12 98 (3.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 98 (3.90%) C# Developer
13 93 (3.70%) Analyst
14 89 (3.54%) React Developer
15 83 (3.30%) Java Engineer
16 82 (3.26%) Solutions Architect
17 72 (2.86%) Agile Developer
18 67 (2.66%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 696 (27.66%) REST
2 618 (24.56%) RESTful
3 525 (20.87%) HTML
4 480 (19.08%) Spring
5 458 (18.20%) CSS
6 455 (18.08%) SOAP
7 452 (17.97%) XML
8 413 (16.41%) AngularJS
9 386 (15.34%) .NET
10 357 (14.19%) JSON
11 326 (12.96%) Node.js
12 305 (12.12%) HTML5
13 262 (10.41%) Hibernate
14 232 (9.22%) React
15 229 (9.10%) J2EE
16 198 (7.87%) CSS3
17 169 (6.72%) ASP.NET
18 165 (6.56%) jQuery
19 152 (6.04%) JMS
20 139 (5.52%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 145 (5.76%) Analytical Skills
2 115 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
3 112 (4.45%) Enterprise Software
4 106 (4.21%) Computer Science
5 95 (3.78%) Mobile App
6 81 (3.22%) User Experience
7 65 (2.58%) Data Structures
7 65 (2.58%) Public Cloud
8 56 (2.23%) Virtual Team
9 55 (2.19%) Algorithms
10 50 (1.99%) iPad
11 44 (1.75%) Client/Server
12 37 (1.47%) Data Centre
13 36 (1.43%) Fintech
13 36 (1.43%) Social Media
14 26 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 25 (0.99%) Video\Live Streaming
16 24 (0.95%) Video on Demand
17 19 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
17 19 (0.76%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 432 (17.17%) Linux
2 267 (10.61%) Unix
3 205 (8.15%) Windows
4 74 (2.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 52 (2.07%) Android
5 52 (2.07%) Apple iOS
6 48 (1.91%) CentOS
7 40 (1.59%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.76%) Ubuntu
9 16 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
10 13 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
11 12 (0.48%) Solaris
12 9 (0.36%) HPUX
12 9 (0.36%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.20%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.16%) AIX
14 4 (0.16%) Debian
14 4 (0.16%) Windows 8
15 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.12%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,459 (57.99%) Agile Software Development
2 755 (30.01%) TDD
3 529 (21.03%) Continuous Integration
4 497 (19.75%) BDD
5 492 (19.55%) DevOps
6 482 (19.16%) Scrum
7 384 (15.26%) MVC
8 375 (14.90%) Microservices
9 334 (13.28%) Test Automation
10 247 (9.82%) E-Commerce
11 242 (9.62%) OO
12 231 (9.18%) Software Engineering
13 227 (9.02%) SOA
14 214 (8.51%) Continuous Delivery
15 213 (8.47%) Open Source
16 200 (7.95%) Unit Testing
17 194 (7.71%) Pair Programming
18 186 (7.39%) SDLC
19 174 (6.92%) Web Development
20 159 (6.32%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,323 (52.58%) Java
2 754 (29.97%) JavaScript
3 534 (21.22%) SQL
4 391 (15.54%) Python
5 362 (14.39%) C#
6 217 (8.62%) Ruby
7 155 (6.16%) Scala
8 150 (5.96%) Groovy
9 137 (5.45%) Bash Shell
10 109 (4.33%) T-SQL
11 96 (3.82%) PL/SQL
12 90 (3.58%) ES6
13 83 (3.30%) PHP
14 73 (2.90%) Go
15 72 (2.86%) Perl
16 64 (2.54%) C++
17 62 (2.46%) PowerShell
18 52 (2.07%) Shell Script
18 52 (2.07%) TypeScript
19 43 (1.71%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 240 (9.54%) Security Cleared
2 184 (7.31%) Degree
3 165 (6.56%) SC Cleared
4 46 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.11%) DV Cleared
6 25 (0.99%) AWS Certification
7 16 (0.64%) Master's Degree
8 13 (0.52%) ISTQB
9 12 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
10 11 (0.44%) ISEB
10 11 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
11 9 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
12 7 (0.28%) MCP
13 5 (0.20%) Citrix Certification
13 5 (0.20%) MCSE
13 5 (0.20%) PMP
14 4 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.16%) CISSP
14 4 (0.16%) MCPD
14 4 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (5.33%) QA
2 24 (0.95%) MiFID
3 13 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 11 (0.44%) GDPR
4 11 (0.44%) SLA
5 10 (0.40%) GAAP
6 6 (0.24%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.20%) GCP
8 4 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
8 4 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.12%) EMIR
9 3 (0.12%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.12%) ISO 8583
10 2 (0.079%) COBIT
10 2 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 2 (0.079%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.079%) WCAG
11 1 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 427 (16.97%) Docker
2 76 (3.02%) Active Directory
3 33 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.72%) HDFS
5 15 (0.60%) vSphere
6 14 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.52%) Varnish
8 8 (0.32%) Apache Flume
8 8 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.32%) vCloud
9 6 (0.24%) etcd
10 5 (0.20%) FreeRADIUS
10 5 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.16%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.079%) Firmware
13 2 (0.079%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.079%) KVM
13 2 (0.079%) pfSense
14 1 (0.040%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 226 (8.98%) Ansible
2 192 (7.63%) Puppet
3 175 (6.96%) Kubernetes
4 132 (5.25%) Terraform
5 123 (4.89%) Opscode Chef
6 71 (2.82%) logstash
7 28 (1.11%) Packer
8 26 (1.03%) Kibana
8 26 (1.03%) Mesos
9 25 (0.99%) Salt
10 24 (0.95%) Consul
11 19 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
12 15 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
13 13 (0.52%) Sysdig
14 12 (0.48%) HAProxy
15 11 (0.44%) Grafana
16 10 (0.40%) Nagios
17 9 (0.36%) Control-M
17 9 (0.36%) SCCM
18 8 (0.32%) AirWatch
Vendors
1 314 (12.48%) Oracle
2 221 (8.78%) Microsoft
3 95 (3.78%) Google
4 73 (2.90%) Salesforce.com
5 67 (2.66%) IBM
6 65 (2.58%) ServiceNow
7 61 (2.42%) Red Hat
8 56 (2.23%) VMware
9 49 (1.95%) Splunk
10 47 (1.87%) SAP
11 42 (1.67%) Adobe
12 41 (1.63%) ATG
13 33 (1.31%) Apigee
14 27 (1.07%) hybris
14 27 (1.07%) TIBCO
15 24 (0.95%) Cisco
15 24 (0.95%) MuleSoft
16 23 (0.91%) New Relic
16 23 (0.91%) Sybase
17 21 (0.83%) WSO2