Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 35 49 56
Rank change year-on-year +14 +7 -15
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,014 1,463 2,089
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.87% 4.82% 4.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.17% 13.43% 12.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,045 983 1,474
Median daily rate £575 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £425 £390 £388
90th Percentile £713 £713 £650
England median daily rate £525 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 6
Median hourly rate £40.00 - £44.59
England median hourly rate £40.00 £52.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -23.81% +16.67% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 6,270 10,894 17,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.28% 35.86% 38.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,633 8,118 12,997
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £358 £375 £370
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £490 £500 £493
% change year-on-year -2.00% +1.52% +3.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 61 64
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £36.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.92% +30.15% +26.72%
10th Percentile £23.13 £17.25 £24.11
90th Percentile £65.13 £78.75 £53.38
Median hourly rate £45.50 £46.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year -1.09% +9.93% +4.61%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 73 £550 +4.76% 52
West London +19 21 £500 -4.76% 27
South London -8 7 £500 - 5
East London +21 3 £350 -39.13% 12
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 627 (61.83%) Agile Software Development
2 617 (60.85%) AWS
3 572 (56.41%) Java
4 571 (56.31%) Finance
5 504 (49.70%) JavaScript
6 475 (46.84%) Software Engineering
7 458 (45.17%) Python
8 428 (42.21%) Asset Management
9 370 (36.49%) Front Office
10 357 (35.21%) Azure
11 353 (34.81%) React
12 303 (29.88%) Investment Management
13 292 (28.80%) AngularJS
14 281 (27.71%) Docker
15 267 (26.33%) Serverless
16 266 (26.23%) Fixed Income
17 254 (25.05%) Derivative
18 245 (24.16%) GCP
19 235 (23.18%) Kubernetes
20 232 (22.88%) Equities
21 224 (22.09%) SQL
22 212 (20.91%) Node.js
23 203 (20.02%) AWS Lambda
24 197 (19.43%) Microservices
25 189 (18.64%) REST
26 186 (18.34%) Banking
27 185 (18.24%) Hedge funds
28 183 (18.05%) DevOps
29 182 (17.95%) Terraform
30 165 (16.27%) Amazon S3

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (10.85%) Apache
2 70 (6.90%) Red Hat Fuse
3 68 (6.71%) Mule
4 47 (4.64%) Apache Spark
5 44 (4.34%) JBoss
6 42 (4.14%) Confluence
7 26 (2.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 24 (2.37%) WebSphere
9 18 (1.78%) CMS
10 12 (1.18%) WebLogic
11 11 (1.08%) Anypoint
11 11 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
11 11 (1.08%) SharePoint
12 10 (0.99%) Apache ServiceMix
12 10 (0.99%) Appian
12 10 (0.99%) BizTalk Server
12 10 (0.99%) Oracle Service Bus
13 9 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
14 7 (0.69%) IIS
15 5 (0.49%) MQSeries
Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
1 3 (0.30%) Adobe Premiere
1 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.30%) Sketch
2 2 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.20%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.099%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.59%) Dynamics NAV
2 4 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.30%) Elite 3E
4 2 (0.20%) Magento
4 2 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.099%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.099%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.099%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.099%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.099%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.099%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.099%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.099%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 617 (60.85%) AWS
2 357 (35.21%) Azure
3 267 (26.33%) Serverless
4 245 (24.16%) GCP
5 203 (20.02%) AWS Lambda
6 165 (16.27%) Amazon S3
7 100 (9.86%) Amazon EC2
8 87 (8.58%) Amazon SQS
9 60 (5.92%) AWS Step Functions
10 56 (5.52%) Amazon ECS
11 53 (5.23%) Apigee
12 33 (3.25%) Power Platform
13 32 (3.16%) OpenShift
14 28 (2.76%) GitHub
15 26 (2.56%) AWS CloudFormation
16 17 (1.68%) PaaS
16 17 (1.68%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 15 (1.48%) PowerApps
18 14 (1.38%) SaaS
19 13 (1.28%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 61 (6.02%) HTTP
2 7 (0.69%) CTI
2 7 (0.69%) Softphone
2 7 (0.69%) VPN
2 7 (0.69%) Wireless
3 5 (0.49%) Internet
3 5 (0.49%) SSL
4 4 (0.39%) Broadband
4 4 (0.39%) DNS
4 4 (0.39%) Firewall
4 4 (0.39%) FTP
4 4 (0.39%) Network Security
4 4 (0.39%) WAN
5 3 (0.30%) DHCP
5 3 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
5 3 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
5 3 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
5 3 (0.30%) LAN
5 3 (0.30%) WLAN
6 2 (0.20%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 143 (14.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 124 (12.23%) SQL Server
3 101 (9.96%) MySQL
4 91 (8.97%) Amazon RDS
5 72 (7.10%) PostgreSQL
6 58 (5.72%) Apache Ignite
7 54 (5.33%) Amazon Redshift
7 54 (5.33%) Relational Database
8 52 (5.13%) NoSQL
9 38 (3.75%) Data Warehouse
10 26 (2.56%) Big Data
11 25 (2.47%) MongoDB
12 23 (2.27%) Power BI
13 13 (1.28%) RDBMS
14 12 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
15 11 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 10 (0.99%) Data Lake
17 9 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
17 9 (0.89%) Oracle Database
17 9 (0.89%) Redis
Development Applications
1 154 (15.19%) Jenkins
2 116 (11.44%) Git (software)
3 65 (6.41%) Maven
4 63 (6.21%) JIRA
5 61 (6.02%) JUnit
6 58 (5.72%) GitLab
7 51 (5.03%) Artifactory
8 41 (4.04%) Cucumber
9 29 (2.86%) Selenium
9 29 (2.86%) Subversion
10 23 (2.27%) jMock
10 23 (2.27%) Mockito
11 22 (2.17%) Gradle
11 22 (2.17%) SonarQube
12 21 (2.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 21 (2.07%) RStudio
13 17 (1.68%) Ant
14 16 (1.58%) FishEye
14 16 (1.58%) Hudson
15 14 (1.38%) JMeter
General
1 571 (56.31%) Finance
2 370 (36.49%) Front Office
3 186 (18.34%) Banking
4 110 (10.85%) Investment Banking
5 58 (5.72%) Public Sector
6 50 (4.93%) Marketing
7 43 (4.24%) Telecoms
8 34 (3.35%) Electronics
8 34 (3.35%) Manufacturing
9 16 (1.58%) Retail
10 15 (1.48%) Back Office
11 7 (0.69%) Multimedia
12 5 (0.49%) Billing
13 4 (0.39%) Advertising
13 4 (0.39%) French Language
14 3 (0.30%) Games
14 3 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.30%) Publishing
15 2 (0.20%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.20%) Law
Job Titles
1 719 (70.91%) Developer
2 262 (25.84%) Software Engineer
3 247 (24.36%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 177 (17.46%) React Developer
5 175 (17.26%) Java Developer
6 156 (15.38%) JavaScript Developer
7 136 (13.41%) Python Developer
8 128 (12.62%) AWS Developer
9 101 (9.96%) Python Engineer
10 96 (9.47%) Architect
11 91 (8.97%) Senior Developer
12 84 (8.28%) AWS Engineer
13 79 (7.79%) Python Software Engineer
14 72 (7.10%) JavaScript Engineer
15 71 (7.00%) Java Engineer
16 64 (6.31%) Senior Java Developer
17 55 (5.42%) Full Stack Developer
17 55 (5.42%) Java Software Developer
18 54 (5.33%) Integration Developer
19 51 (5.03%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 353 (34.81%) React
2 292 (28.80%) AngularJS
3 212 (20.91%) Node.js
4 189 (18.64%) REST
5 159 (15.68%) Vue.js
6 143 (14.10%) XML
7 137 (13.51%) Spring
8 136 (13.41%) .NET
8 136 (13.41%) SOAP
9 105 (10.36%) HTML
10 104 (10.26%) JSON
10 104 (10.26%) RESTful
11 99 (9.76%) Middleware
12 84 (8.28%) CSS
13 83 (8.19%) gRPC
14 78 (7.69%) Apache Camel
15 58 (5.72%) React Native
16 55 (5.42%) Spring Boot
17 51 (5.03%) HTML5
18 49 (4.83%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 266 (26.23%) Fixed Income
2 254 (25.05%) Derivative
3 232 (22.88%) Equities
4 185 (18.24%) Hedge funds
5 159 (15.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 85 (8.38%) Blog
7 70 (6.90%) User Experience
8 55 (5.42%) Greenfield Project
9 53 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
10 35 (3.45%) Credit Derivative
11 24 (2.37%) Data Structures
12 18 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
12 18 (1.78%) Mobile App
13 17 (1.68%) Algorithms
14 14 (1.38%) Cloud Native
15 13 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
16 12 (1.18%) Management Information System
16 12 (1.18%) Private Cloud
17 10 (0.99%) CMDB
17 10 (0.99%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 85 (8.38%) Linux
2 47 (4.64%) Unix
3 38 (3.75%) Windows
4 17 (1.68%) Android
4 17 (1.68%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.39%) CentOS
5 4 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.30%) AIX
6 3 (0.30%) Amazon Linux
7 2 (0.20%) tvOS
7 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.20%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.099%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.099%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.099%) Solaris
8 1 (0.099%) Tizen
8 1 (0.099%) VMS
8 1 (0.099%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 627 (61.83%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (46.84%) Software Engineering
3 428 (42.21%) Asset Management
4 303 (29.88%) Investment Management
5 197 (19.43%) Microservices
6 183 (18.05%) DevOps
7 130 (12.82%) TDD
8 114 (11.24%) Open Source
9 97 (9.57%) Scrum
10 84 (8.28%) SOA
11 76 (7.50%) Migration
12 75 (7.40%) BDD
12 75 (7.40%) Portfolio Management
13 73 (7.20%) Data Modelling
14 68 (6.71%) Analytics
15 62 (6.11%) Progressive Web App
16 60 (5.92%) Web Application Development
17 59 (5.82%) Test Automation
18 57 (5.62%) Business Intelligence
18 57 (5.62%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 572 (56.41%) Java
2 504 (49.70%) JavaScript
3 458 (45.17%) Python
4 224 (22.09%) SQL
5 158 (15.58%) Kotlin
6 142 (14.00%) TypeScript
7 87 (8.58%) C#
8 57 (5.62%) R
9 52 (5.13%) Scala
10 30 (2.96%) Java 8
11 29 (2.86%) C
11 29 (2.86%) XPath
12 27 (2.66%) C++
13 26 (2.56%) Apex Code
14 24 (2.37%) PHP
15 23 (2.27%) Clojure
16 20 (1.97%) T-SQL
17 19 (1.87%) PowerShell
18 16 (1.58%) PL/SQL
19 13 (1.28%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 56 (5.52%) Security Cleared
2 55 (5.42%) Degree
3 53 (5.23%) SC Cleared
4 12 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
4 12 (1.18%) Sun Certification
5 7 (0.69%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.59%) AWS Certification
6 6 (0.59%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.49%) ISEB
8 4 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.30%) CISSP
9 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.30%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 2 (0.20%) CCIE
10 2 (0.20%) CCNA
10 2 (0.20%) CCNP
11 1 (0.099%) CISM
11 1 (0.099%) CRISC
11 1 (0.099%) MCP
11 1 (0.099%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.45%) QA
2 13 (1.28%) GDPR
3 11 (1.08%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.30%) GxP
4 3 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.30%) SLA
5 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.099%) NIST
6 1 (0.099%) NIST 800
System Software
1 281 (27.71%) Docker
2 12 (1.18%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.30%) VMware NSX
5 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.20%) etcd
5 2 (0.20%) Postfix
5 2 (0.20%) Varnish
5 2 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.20%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.099%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.099%) HDFS
6 1 (0.099%) iptables
Systems Management
1 235 (23.18%) Kubernetes
2 182 (17.95%) Terraform
3 27 (2.66%) Ansible
4 13 (1.28%) Packer
5 12 (1.18%) Puppet
6 10 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (0.89%) Grafana
7 9 (0.89%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
9 6 (0.59%) Consul
9 6 (0.59%) Kibana
9 6 (0.59%) SCOM
10 4 (0.39%) vCenter Server
11 3 (0.30%) CloudHub
11 3 (0.30%) vRealize
12 2 (0.20%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.20%) Nessus
12 2 (0.20%) Pingdom
13 1 (0.099%) Galera Cluster
13 1 (0.099%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 117 (11.54%) Oracle
2 106 (10.45%) Google
3 66 (6.51%) Microsoft
4 47 (4.64%) Salesforce.com
5 42 (4.14%) SAP
6 36 (3.55%) Bloomberg
7 29 (2.86%) MuleSoft
7 29 (2.86%) Sybase
8 27 (2.66%) Atlassian
9 23 (2.27%) ServiceNow
10 16 (1.58%) Murex
10 16 (1.58%) Red Hat
11 13 (1.28%) IBM
11 13 (1.28%) Informatica
12 11 (1.08%) Talend
12 11 (1.08%) WSO2
13 10 (0.99%) Axway
13 10 (0.99%) Dell
13 10 (0.99%) Jitterbit
13 10 (0.99%) Pega