Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 48 42 39
Rank change year-on-year -6 -3 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,248 2,333 2,391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.94% 5.26% 5.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.56% 14.24% 15.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,627 1,631 1,795
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £345
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
England median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +8.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 16 6
London median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £50.00
10th Percentile £31.00 £19.25 £44.66
90th Percentile £100.75 £57.50 £53.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.66% -3.53% +6.25%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,904 16,386 15,200
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.38% 36.97% 33.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,532 12,302 11,429
London median daily rate £515 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £369 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 105 63
London median hourly rate £43.83 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.24% -12.50% +23.08%
10th Percentile £20.83 £18.20 £19.00
90th Percentile £73.00 £51.20 £86.55
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +9.59% -1.35%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -13 366 £500 - 122
South London -23 144 £500 +8.70% 15
West London +9 105 £525 +17.71% 78
East London -4 46 £556 +20.86% 40
North London -5 7 £550 +41.94% 12
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,200 (53.38%) Agile Software Development
2 1,015 (45.15%) Java
3 864 (38.43%) Amazon AWS
4 635 (28.25%) TDD
5 628 (27.94%) JavaScript
6 569 (25.31%) REST
7 495 (22.02%) Finance
8 494 (21.98%) RESTful
9 477 (21.22%) SQL
10 470 (20.91%) Jenkins
11 465 (20.69%) Continuous Integration
12 457 (20.33%) DevOps
13 433 (19.26%) Spring
14 423 (18.82%) Git (software)
15 420 (18.68%) Scrum
16 406 (18.06%) SOAP
17 395 (17.57%) .NET
18 391 (17.39%) C#
19 390 (17.35%) BDD
20 389 (17.30%) Microservices
21 374 (16.64%) Docker
21 374 (16.64%) HTML
22 349 (15.52%) Linux
23 340 (15.12%) Test Automation
24 333 (14.81%) Python
25 325 (14.46%) XML
26 319 (14.19%) AngularJS
27 315 (14.01%) CSS
28 291 (12.94%) SQL Server
29 285 (12.68%) JSON

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (4.63%) Confluence
2 89 (3.96%) Apache
3 88 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
4 73 (3.25%) Tomcat
5 68 (3.02%) CMS
6 56 (2.49%) IIS
7 54 (2.40%) SharePoint
7 54 (2.40%) WebSphere
8 48 (2.14%) JBoss
9 33 (1.47%) Mule
9 33 (1.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 32 (1.42%) Drupal
11 26 (1.16%) Apache Spark
12 24 (1.07%) NServiceBus
12 24 (1.07%) WebLogic
13 23 (1.02%) Sitecore CMS
14 21 (0.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 19 (0.85%) Apache Solr
16 17 (0.76%) Mule ESB
17 16 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 25 (1.11%) MS Visio
2 23 (1.02%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
4 7 (0.31%) InVision
5 3 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.13%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.089%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.044%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.044%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.044%) Stata
Business Applications
1 21 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.85%) Workday HCM
3 8 (0.36%) Magento
3 8 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
4 7 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
4 7 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.13%) Global One
7 3 (0.13%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.13%) thinkFolio
8 2 (0.089%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.089%) Bloomberg AIM
8 2 (0.089%) Concordance
8 2 (0.089%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.089%) Eagle PACE
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle Receivables
8 2 (0.089%) Relativity
8 2 (0.089%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.044%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 864 (38.43%) Amazon AWS
2 249 (11.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (6.98%) Amazon EC2
4 81 (3.60%) Amazon S3
5 76 (3.38%) Serverless
6 54 (2.40%) SaaS
6 54 (2.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 53 (2.36%) AWS CloudFormation
8 52 (2.31%) Google Cloud Platform
9 49 (2.18%) GitHub
10 47 (2.09%) PaaS
11 46 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
12 32 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
12 32 (1.42%) Office 365
13 30 (1.33%) IaaS
14 28 (1.25%) OpenShift
15 23 (1.02%) BrowserStack
16 22 (0.98%) Amazon EMR
17 20 (0.89%) Route 53
18 16 (0.71%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 91 (4.05%) HTTP
2 56 (2.49%) TCP/IP
3 41 (1.82%) Internet
4 36 (1.60%) Firewall
5 26 (1.16%) SSL
6 20 (0.89%) DNS
6 20 (0.89%) VPN
7 17 (0.76%) FTP
8 14 (0.62%) AMQP
8 14 (0.62%) Network Security
9 10 (0.44%) DMZ
9 10 (0.44%) Kerberos
10 7 (0.31%) LAN
10 7 (0.31%) WAN
11 6 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
11 6 (0.27%) MPLS
11 6 (0.27%) MQTT
11 6 (0.27%) VLAN
12 5 (0.22%) Intranet
12 5 (0.22%) Junos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 291 (12.94%) SQL Server
2 180 (8.01%) Relational Database
3 160 (7.12%) NoSQL
4 137 (6.09%) PostgreSQL
5 133 (5.92%) MongoDB
6 124 (5.52%) MySQL
7 93 (4.14%) Hadoop
8 73 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
9 69 (3.07%) Big Data
10 46 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
11 45 (2.00%) Oracle Database
12 43 (1.91%) Amazon RDS
13 40 (1.78%) Amazon Redshift
13 40 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 36 (1.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 35 (1.56%) HBase
16 33 (1.47%) RDBMS
17 29 (1.29%) Redis
18 28 (1.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 24 (1.07%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 470 (20.91%) Jenkins
2 423 (18.82%) Git (software)
3 227 (10.10%) Maven
4 216 (9.61%) JIRA
5 178 (7.92%) Selenium
6 166 (7.38%) JUnit
7 123 (5.47%) TeamCity
8 121 (5.38%) Mockito
9 110 (4.89%) Cucumber
10 90 (4.00%) Subversion
11 85 (3.78%) Gradle
12 60 (2.67%) WebDriver
13 59 (2.62%) SpecFlow
14 58 (2.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 57 (2.54%) Octopus Deploy
15 57 (2.54%) SoapUI
16 56 (2.49%) jMock
17 52 (2.31%) Team Foundation Server
18 50 (2.22%) Hudson
19 45 (2.00%) Ant
General
1 495 (22.02%) Finance
2 284 (12.63%) Banking
3 125 (5.56%) Front Office
4 101 (4.49%) Retail
5 69 (3.07%) Investment Banking
6 47 (2.09%) Financial Institution
7 37 (1.65%) Games
8 35 (1.56%) Marketing
9 27 (1.20%) Back Office
10 24 (1.07%) Legal
11 23 (1.02%) Telecoms
12 22 (0.98%) Advertising
13 14 (0.62%) Electronics
13 14 (0.62%) Manufacturing
14 13 (0.58%) Law
14 13 (0.58%) Publishing
15 12 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
16 11 (0.49%) Billing
17 9 (0.40%) Music Industry
18 4 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,263 (56.18%) Developer
2 467 (20.77%) Java Developer
3 242 (10.77%) Senior Developer
4 236 (10.50%) Architect
5 192 (8.54%) .NET Developer
6 150 (6.67%) DevOps Engineer
7 137 (6.09%) C# Developer
8 121 (5.38%) AWS Engineer
9 104 (4.63%) Senior Java Developer
10 93 (4.14%) AWS Developer
11 92 (4.09%) Software Engineer
12 89 (3.96%) Java Engineer
13 86 (3.83%) Consultant
14 82 (3.65%) Full Stack Developer
15 80 (3.56%) JavaScript Developer
16 79 (3.51%) AWS DevOps
17 72 (3.20%) Analyst
18 70 (3.11%) Lead Developer
19 69 (3.07%) Angular Developer
20 65 (2.89%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 569 (25.31%) REST
2 494 (21.98%) RESTful
3 433 (19.26%) Spring
4 406 (18.06%) SOAP
5 395 (17.57%) .NET
6 374 (16.64%) HTML
7 325 (14.46%) XML
8 319 (14.19%) AngularJS
9 315 (14.01%) CSS
10 285 (12.68%) JSON
11 201 (8.94%) Node.js
12 193 (8.59%) J2EE
13 176 (7.83%) React
14 170 (7.56%) Spring Boot
15 165 (7.34%) Hibernate
16 141 (6.27%) jQuery
17 138 (6.14%) HTML5
18 132 (5.87%) ASP.NET
19 124 (5.52%) JMS
20 115 (5.12%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 140 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
1 140 (6.23%) Greenfield Project
2 92 (4.09%) User Experience
3 83 (3.69%) Mobile App
4 70 (3.11%) Fintech
5 69 (3.07%) Fixed Income
6 67 (2.98%) Computer Science
7 51 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
8 49 (2.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 44 (1.96%) Public Cloud
10 42 (1.87%) Equities
11 40 (1.78%) Hedge funds
12 39 (1.73%) Data Structures
12 39 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
13 35 (1.56%) Algorithms
14 33 (1.47%) Derivative
15 31 (1.38%) Data Centre
16 20 (0.89%) N-Tier
17 19 (0.85%) Cloud Native
17 19 (0.85%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 349 (15.52%) Linux
2 165 (7.34%) Unix
3 157 (6.98%) Windows
4 64 (2.85%) Android
5 62 (2.76%) Windows Server
6 54 (2.40%) Apple iOS
7 53 (2.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
9 16 (0.71%) CentOS
10 14 (0.62%) Mac OS
11 12 (0.53%) Ubuntu
12 10 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
13 7 (0.31%) Mac OS X
13 7 (0.31%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.22%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.089%) Amazon Linux
16 2 (0.089%) Solaris
16 2 (0.089%) SUSE
17 1 (0.044%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,200 (53.38%) Agile Software Development
2 635 (28.25%) TDD
3 465 (20.69%) Continuous Integration
4 457 (20.33%) DevOps
5 420 (18.68%) Scrum
6 390 (17.35%) BDD
7 389 (17.30%) Microservices
8 340 (15.12%) Test Automation
9 245 (10.90%) MVC
10 233 (10.36%) Software Engineering
11 226 (10.05%) Open Source
12 210 (9.34%) Unit Testing
13 194 (8.63%) SDLC
14 181 (8.05%) OO
15 175 (7.78%) E-Commerce
15 175 (7.78%) SOA
16 158 (7.03%) Problem-Solving
17 148 (6.58%) Migration
18 147 (6.54%) Pair Programming
19 142 (6.32%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,015 (45.15%) Java
2 628 (27.94%) JavaScript
3 477 (21.22%) SQL
4 391 (17.39%) C#
5 333 (14.81%) Python
6 234 (10.41%) Java 8
7 106 (4.72%) Ruby
8 100 (4.45%) Scala
9 88 (3.91%) C++
9 88 (3.91%) Groovy
10 75 (3.34%) Bash Shell
11 66 (2.94%) PHP
11 66 (2.94%) PowerShell
12 63 (2.80%) Perl
13 50 (2.22%) TypeScript
14 48 (2.14%) T-SQL
15 47 (2.09%) ES6
16 46 (2.05%) Shell Script
17 45 (2.00%) PL/SQL
18 31 (1.38%) XPath
Qualifications
1 131 (5.83%) Security Cleared
2 116 (5.16%) SC Cleared
3 113 (5.03%) Degree
4 36 (1.60%) AWS Certification
4 36 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (0.76%) ISTQB
6 16 (0.71%) ISEB
7 15 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
8 13 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
9 10 (0.44%) DV Cleared
10 9 (0.40%) CTC Cleared
11 8 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
11 8 (0.36%) CISSP
12 7 (0.31%) Master's Degree
12 7 (0.31%) Siebel Certification
13 6 (0.27%) CCNA
13 6 (0.27%) CCNP
14 4 (0.18%) CISA
14 4 (0.18%) GIAC
14 4 (0.18%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (7.21%) QA
2 26 (1.16%) SLA
3 23 (1.02%) GDPR
4 13 (0.58%) PMO
5 9 (0.40%) PSD2
6 7 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.31%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.22%) ISO 8583
7 5 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.18%) HL7
8 4 (0.18%) WCAG
9 2 (0.089%) IFRS
9 2 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.044%) COBIT
10 1 (0.044%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.044%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.044%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.044%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.044%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 374 (16.64%) Docker
2 74 (3.29%) Active Directory
3 54 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (1.87%) vSphere
5 12 (0.53%) VirtualBox
6 9 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (0.31%) XenApp
8 6 (0.27%) OpenAM
9 4 (0.18%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.13%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.089%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.089%) KVM
11 2 (0.089%) NFS
11 2 (0.089%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.089%) Postfix
11 2 (0.089%) vCloud
11 2 (0.089%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.089%) Xen
Systems Management
1 196 (8.72%) Terraform
2 154 (6.85%) Kubernetes
3 113 (5.03%) Ansible
4 100 (4.45%) Opscode Chef
5 95 (4.23%) Puppet
6 42 (1.87%) Mesos
7 38 (1.69%) Single Sign-On
8 33 (1.47%) Packer
9 27 (1.20%) Kibana
10 24 (1.07%) logstash
10 24 (1.07%) Prometheus
11 22 (0.98%) SCCM
12 9 (0.40%) Grafana
12 9 (0.40%) Rancher
12 9 (0.40%) SCOM
12 9 (0.40%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
13 8 (0.36%) Marathon
13 8 (0.36%) Salt
14 7 (0.31%) Consul
14 7 (0.31%) Nagios
Vendors
1 214 (9.52%) Oracle
2 202 (8.99%) Microsoft
3 78 (3.47%) VMware
4 77 (3.43%) Google
5 56 (2.49%) Sitecore
6 54 (2.40%) ServiceNow
7 53 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
8 52 (2.31%) IBM
9 46 (2.05%) Splunk
10 44 (1.96%) SAP
11 35 (1.56%) Atlassian
12 33 (1.47%) MuleSoft
13 32 (1.42%) TIBCO
14 30 (1.33%) Tableau
15 29 (1.29%) Adobe
15 29 (1.29%) Informatica
16 26 (1.16%) Red Hat
17 25 (1.11%) Sybase
17 25 (1.11%) Workday
18 18 (0.80%) hybris