Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > South East
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 289 299 308
Rank change year-on-year +10 +9 +44
Contract jobs citing LESS 86 70 78
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 0.53% 0.43% 0.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.59% 1.56% 1.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 70 54
South East median daily rate £400 £450 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.11% +20.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £306 £350 £285
90th Percentile £565 £476 £475
England median daily rate £450 £450 £400
% change year-on-year - +12.50% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
South East median hourly rate - £40.00 -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.50 -
% change year-on-year +4.40% - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,410 4,483 4,737
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 33.16% 27.60% 27.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,532 2,784 2,931
South East median daily rate £438 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £575 £561 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 82 85 132
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +9.76% +12.33%
10th Percentile £21.08 £15.66 £12.25
90th Percentile £54.88 £48.75 £54.95
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.22% +6.67% +1.24%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the South East

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the South East

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the South East over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the South East

LESS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the South East region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley +24 56 £405 -10.00% 13
Berkshire +20 39 £418 -7.22% 5
Buckinghamshire +18 10 £375 -16.67% 3
Surrey -11 10 £425 -5.56% 5
East Sussex +3 7 £320 - 6
Oxfordshire -16 7 £425 -5.56% 5
West Sussex - 5 £510 - 7
Kent +11 4 £388 +19.23% 15
Hampshire -43 4 £375 -4.76% 9
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for LESS.

1 83 (96.51%) JavaScript
2 81 (94.19%) CSS
3 80 (93.02%) HTML
4 70 (81.40%) Sass
5 56 (65.12%) HTML5
6 52 (60.47%) Agile Software Development
7 48 (55.81%) CSS3
8 45 (52.33%) AngularJS
9 43 (50.00%) React
10 41 (47.67%) Git (software)
11 40 (46.51%) TDD
12 37 (43.02%) Front End Development
13 28 (32.56%) User Experience
14 27 (31.40%) REST
15 26 (30.23%) BDD
16 25 (29.07%) Node.js
17 23 (26.74%) Web Development
18 21 (24.42%) .NET
19 20 (23.26%) DevOps
20 19 (22.09%) E-Commerce
21 18 (20.93%) OO
21 18 (20.93%) Software Engineering
21 18 (20.93%) gulp
22 17 (19.77%) Scrum
22 17 (19.77%) jQuery
23 16 (18.60%) Continuous Integration
23 16 (18.60%) C#
23 16 (18.60%) API Testing
23 16 (18.60%) ASP.NET Web API
24 15 (17.44%) Amazon AWS

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (13.95%) Confluence
2 7 (8.14%) Tomcat
2 7 (8.14%) WordPress
3 6 (6.98%) CMS
3 6 (6.98%) Elasticsearch
4 5 (5.81%) SharePoint
4 5 (5.81%) WebSphere
4 5 (5.81%) WebSphere Application Server
5 4 (4.65%) Apache Solr
5 4 (4.65%) Liferay
5 4 (4.65%) Sitecore CMS
6 3 (3.49%) Apache Spark
7 1 (1.16%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (1.16%) Apache
7 1 (1.16%) Drupal
7 1 (1.16%) EPiServer
Applications
1 3 (3.49%) Photoshop
2 1 (1.16%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 11 (12.79%) Magento
2 1 (1.16%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 15 (17.44%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (11.63%) Amazon Kinesis
2 10 (11.63%) AWS CloudFormation
2 10 (11.63%) AWS Lambda
2 10 (11.63%) Serverless
3 6 (6.98%) Microsoft Azure
4 5 (5.81%) Office 365
5 2 (2.33%) GitHub
5 2 (2.33%) npm
6 1 (1.16%) BrowserStack
6 1 (1.16%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (9.30%) HTTP
2 1 (1.16%) Internet
2 1 (1.16%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (11.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 10 (11.63%) NoSQL
2 8 (9.30%) SQL Server
3 7 (8.14%) MongoDB
4 6 (6.98%) MySQL
5 4 (4.65%) Redis
6 3 (3.49%) Apache Cassandra
6 3 (3.49%) Data Warehouse
6 3 (3.49%) Neo4j
6 3 (3.49%) SQL Server 2012
7 1 (1.16%) Big Data
7 1 (1.16%) MarkLogic
Development Applications
1 41 (47.67%) Git (software)
2 18 (20.93%) gulp
3 14 (16.28%) Mercurial
4 13 (15.12%) Jenkins
4 13 (15.12%) webpack
5 12 (13.95%) JIRA
6 9 (10.47%) Grunt
7 7 (8.14%) Maven
8 6 (6.98%) Subversion
9 5 (5.81%) Cucumber
9 5 (5.81%) Selenium
9 5 (5.81%) WebDriver
10 4 (4.65%) Jasmine
10 4 (4.65%) PhantomJS
11 2 (2.33%) Babel
11 2 (2.33%) Team Foundation Server
11 2 (2.33%) Visual Studio
12 1 (1.16%) Bitbucket
12 1 (1.16%) PostCSS
General
1 13 (15.12%) Finance
2 7 (8.14%) Retail
3 2 (2.33%) Banking
4 1 (1.16%) Games
4 1 (1.16%) Manufacturing
4 1 (1.16%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 81 (94.19%) Developer
2 35 (40.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 26 (30.23%) JavaScript Developer
4 16 (18.60%) React Developer
5 12 (13.95%) UI Developer
6 10 (11.63%) Software Engineer
7 9 (10.47%) .NET Developer
7 9 (10.47%) Web Developer
8 8 (9.30%) C# .NET Developer
8 8 (9.30%) C# Developer
8 8 (9.30%) HTML CSS Developer
8 8 (9.30%) HTML Developer
9 6 (6.98%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 6 (6.98%) Full Stack Developer
10 5 (5.81%) E-Commerce Developer
10 5 (5.81%) Java Developer
10 5 (5.81%) JSP Developer
10 5 (5.81%) Senior Developer
10 5 (5.81%) Senior Software Engineer
11 4 (4.65%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (94.19%) CSS
2 80 (93.02%) HTML
3 70 (81.40%) Sass
4 56 (65.12%) HTML5
5 48 (55.81%) CSS3
6 45 (52.33%) AngularJS
7 43 (50.00%) React
8 27 (31.40%) REST
9 25 (29.07%) Node.js
10 21 (24.42%) .NET
11 17 (19.77%) jQuery
12 16 (18.60%) ASP.NET Web API
13 15 (17.44%) Web Services
14 14 (16.28%) .NET Framework
14 14 (16.28%) JSON
15 13 (15.12%) ASP.NET
15 13 (15.12%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 12 (13.95%) KnockoutJS
17 11 (12.79%) Ajax
18 10 (11.63%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 28 (32.56%) User Experience
2 12 (13.95%) Greenfield Project
3 5 (5.81%) iPad
3 5 (5.81%) NHS
3 5 (5.81%) Self-Motivation
4 3 (3.49%) Mobile App
5 1 (1.16%) Animation
5 1 (1.16%) Life Science
5 1 (1.16%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 4 (4.65%) Linux
2 3 (3.49%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 52 (60.47%) Agile Software Development
2 40 (46.51%) TDD
3 37 (43.02%) Front End Development
4 26 (30.23%) BDD
5 23 (26.74%) Web Development
6 20 (23.26%) DevOps
7 19 (22.09%) E-Commerce
8 18 (20.93%) OO
8 18 (20.93%) Software Engineering
9 17 (19.77%) Scrum
10 16 (18.60%) API Testing
10 16 (18.60%) Continuous Integration
11 15 (17.44%) Functional Testing
11 15 (17.44%) Responsive Web Design
12 14 (16.28%) OOP
13 13 (15.12%) Cross-Browser Development
13 13 (15.12%) Kanban
13 13 (15.12%) Pair Programming
13 13 (15.12%) Test Automation
13 13 (15.12%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 83 (96.51%) JavaScript
2 16 (18.60%) C#
3 10 (11.63%) SQL
4 9 (10.47%) PHP
4 9 (10.47%) TypeScript
5 7 (8.14%) ES6
5 7 (8.14%) Java
6 1 (1.16%) Python
6 1 (1.16%) Ruby
6 1 (1.16%) Scala
6 1 (1.16%) VB.NET
6 1 (1.16%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 9 (10.47%) SC Cleared
1 9 (10.47%) Security Cleared
2 1 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (13.95%) QA
2 4 (4.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (3.49%) PMO
System Software
1 8 (9.30%) Docker
2 5 (5.81%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (4.65%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 13 (15.12%) Microsoft
2 6 (6.98%) hybris
2 6 (6.98%) Oracle
3 5 (5.81%) ATG
3 5 (5.81%) Demandware
4 4 (4.65%) Sitecore
5 3 (3.49%) Rackspace
5 3 (3.49%) Twitter
6 2 (2.33%) Volusion
6 2 (2.33%) WooCommerce
7 1 (1.16%) Adobe
7 1 (1.16%) Facebook
7 1 (1.16%) Google