Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > South East
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 299 300 285
Rank change year-on-year +1 -15 +44
Contract jobs citing LESS 90 79 88
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 0.53% 0.47% 0.54%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.60% 1.68% 1.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 71 48 65
South East median daily rate £408 £450 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.44% +18.42% +1.47%
10th Percentile £310 £313 £286
90th Percentile £575 £500 £475
England median daily rate £435 £450 £400
% change year-on-year -3.33% +12.50% +6.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
South East median hourly rate - £40.00 -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year +18.75% - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,631 4,716 4,443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 33.10% 28.14% 27.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,643 2,889 2,694
South East median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £313 £304 £276
90th Percentile £575 £570 £538
England median daily rate £476 £468 £425
% change year-on-year +1.82% +10.00% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 87 126
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +9.76% +9.33%
10th Percentile £26.65 £15.99 £14.50
90th Percentile £53.63 £48.75 £53.75
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £39.60
% change year-on-year +3.75% +1.01% +5.60%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the South East

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the South East

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the South East over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the South East

LESS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the South East region over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley +46 58 £425 -8.11% 19
Berkshire +19 34 £475 +5.56% 3
Oxfordshire +6 15 £378 -24.50% 12
Buckinghamshire +28 9 £375 -16.67% 4
East Sussex -7 9 £320 - 5
Hampshire -47 9 £400 - 2
Surrey -14 8 £413 -8.33% 3
West Sussex - 4 £496 - 3
Kent +3 2 £475 +15.15% 13
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for LESS.

1 85 (94.44%) JavaScript
1 85 (94.44%) CSS
2 83 (92.22%) HTML
3 70 (77.78%) Sass
4 61 (67.78%) Git (software)
5 54 (60.00%) HTML5
6 53 (58.89%) Agile Software Development
7 50 (55.56%) AngularJS
7 50 (55.56%) React
8 48 (53.33%) TDD
9 41 (45.56%) Front End Development
10 40 (44.44%) CSS3
11 34 (37.78%) BDD
12 28 (31.11%) Node.js
12 28 (31.11%) REST
13 26 (28.89%) gulp
14 25 (27.78%) User Experience
15 22 (24.44%) Scrum
16 21 (23.33%) .NET
16 21 (23.33%) Web Development
17 20 (22.22%) DevOps
18 19 (21.11%) Functional Testing
18 19 (21.11%) Responsive Web Design
18 19 (21.11%) Grunt
18 19 (21.11%) Software Engineering
18 19 (21.11%) Test Automation
18 19 (21.11%) C#
19 18 (20.00%) Mercurial
19 18 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
19 18 (20.00%) ASP.NET Web API

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (15.56%) Confluence
2 5 (5.56%) CMS
2 5 (5.56%) SharePoint
2 5 (5.56%) Tomcat
2 5 (5.56%) WebSphere
2 5 (5.56%) WebSphere Application Server
2 5 (5.56%) WordPress
3 4 (4.44%) Apache Solr
4 3 (3.33%) Apache Spark
4 3 (3.33%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (2.22%) Apache
5 2 (2.22%) EPiServer
6 1 (1.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 1 (1.11%) Drupal
6 1 (1.11%) nginx
6 1 (1.11%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 1 (1.11%) GIMP
1 1 (1.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (10.00%) Magento
2 1 (1.11%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 13 (14.44%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (10.00%) Amazon Kinesis
2 9 (10.00%) AWS CloudFormation
2 9 (10.00%) AWS Lambda
2 9 (10.00%) Serverless
3 6 (6.67%) Microsoft Azure
4 5 (5.56%) Office 365
5 3 (3.33%) npm
6 1 (1.11%) BrowserStack
6 1 (1.11%) GitHub
6 1 (1.11%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (12.22%) HTTP
2 1 (1.11%) Internet
2 1 (1.11%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (10.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 9 (10.00%) SQL Server
2 7 (7.78%) NoSQL
3 5 (5.56%) MongoDB
4 4 (4.44%) MySQL
4 4 (4.44%) Redis
5 3 (3.33%) Apache Cassandra
5 3 (3.33%) Neo4j
5 3 (3.33%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 61 (67.78%) Git (software)
2 26 (28.89%) gulp
3 19 (21.11%) Grunt
4 18 (20.00%) Mercurial
5 15 (16.67%) Jenkins
5 15 (16.67%) webpack
6 14 (15.56%) JIRA
7 10 (11.11%) Subversion
8 8 (8.89%) Cucumber
8 8 (8.89%) Selenium
8 8 (8.89%) WebDriver
9 7 (7.78%) Jasmine
9 7 (7.78%) PhantomJS
10 5 (5.56%) Maven
11 2 (2.22%) Babel
11 2 (2.22%) Team Foundation Server
11 2 (2.22%) Visual Studio
12 1 (1.11%) PostCSS
General
1 11 (12.22%) Finance
2 5 (5.56%) Retail
3 2 (2.22%) Marketing
4 1 (1.11%) Banking
4 1 (1.11%) Games
Job Titles
1 86 (95.56%) Developer
2 39 (43.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 27 (30.00%) JavaScript Developer
4 19 (21.11%) React Developer
5 14 (15.56%) UI Developer
6 12 (13.33%) .NET Developer
7 8 (8.89%) C# .NET Developer
7 8 (8.89%) C# Developer
7 8 (8.89%) HTML CSS Developer
7 8 (8.89%) HTML Developer
8 7 (7.78%) Senior Developer
8 7 (7.78%) Software Engineer
8 7 (7.78%) Web Developer
9 5 (5.56%) JSP Developer
10 4 (4.44%) Full Stack Developer
10 4 (4.44%) Senior Software Engineer
10 4 (4.44%) Software Developer
11 3 (3.33%) ASP.NET Developer
11 3 (3.33%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 3 (3.33%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (94.44%) CSS
2 83 (92.22%) HTML
3 70 (77.78%) Sass
4 54 (60.00%) HTML5
5 50 (55.56%) AngularJS
5 50 (55.56%) React
6 40 (44.44%) CSS3
7 28 (31.11%) Node.js
7 28 (31.11%) REST
8 21 (23.33%) .NET
9 18 (20.00%) ASP.NET Web API
10 15 (16.67%) .NET Framework
10 15 (16.67%) ASP.NET
10 15 (16.67%) JSON
11 13 (14.44%) Angular 2
11 13 (14.44%) Web Services
12 11 (12.22%) Vue.js
13 10 (11.11%) Ajax
14 8 (8.89%) ASP.NET MVC
14 8 (8.89%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 25 (27.78%) User Experience
2 12 (13.33%) Greenfield Project
3 8 (8.89%) Self-Motivation
4 5 (5.56%) iPad
5 1 (1.11%) Mobile App
5 1 (1.11%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 5 (5.56%) Linux
2 3 (3.33%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 53 (58.89%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (53.33%) TDD
3 41 (45.56%) Front End Development
4 34 (37.78%) BDD
5 22 (24.44%) Scrum
6 21 (23.33%) Web Development
7 20 (22.22%) DevOps
8 19 (21.11%) Functional Testing
8 19 (21.11%) Responsive Web Design
8 19 (21.11%) Software Engineering
8 19 (21.11%) Test Automation
9 18 (20.00%) API Testing
9 18 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
10 17 (18.89%) Cross-Browser Development
10 17 (18.89%) E-Commerce
10 17 (18.89%) Kanban
10 17 (18.89%) Pair Programming
10 17 (18.89%) User Stories
11 16 (17.78%) OO
11 16 (17.78%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 85 (94.44%) JavaScript
2 19 (21.11%) C#
3 8 (8.89%) SQL
3 8 (8.89%) TypeScript
4 5 (5.56%) ES6
5 4 (4.44%) PHP
6 3 (3.33%) Java
7 1 (1.11%) Python
7 1 (1.11%) Ruby
7 1 (1.11%) Scala
7 1 (1.11%) Shell Script
7 1 (1.11%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 6 (6.67%) SC Cleared
1 6 (6.67%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (11.11%) QA
2 4 (4.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 7 (7.78%) Docker
2 5 (5.56%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (4.44%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 16 (17.78%) Microsoft
2 6 (6.67%) Oracle
3 5 (5.56%) ATG
3 5 (5.56%) Demandware
3 5 (5.56%) hybris
4 3 (3.33%) Rackspace
5 2 (2.22%) Volusion
5 2 (2.22%) WooCommerce
6 1 (1.11%) Adobe
6 1 (1.11%) Facebook
6 1 (1.11%) Google
6 1 (1.11%) Sitecore