Period
to 15 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 15 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
15 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 101 112 240
Rank change year-on-year +11 +128 +367
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,481 2,207 1,059
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.50% 2.22% 1.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.62% 5.27% 2.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,989 1,808 886
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £367
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £430 £450
% change year-on-year +10.47% -4.44% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 0 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.64 - £50.00

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 44,143 41,839 39,111
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.39% 42.08% 40.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,979 29,544 26,869
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £320 £308 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 673 744 849
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.03 £16.61 £14.50
90th Percentile £52.45 £52.43 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 15 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 15 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 15 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 2,327 £538 +2.38% 487
London +12 1,545 £550 +2.33% 276
UK excluding London -1 915 £475 +10.47% 230
South East +46 272 £500 - 72
North of England -12 247 £450 +9.09% 68
North West +31 127 £475 +15.15% 31
Midlands +23 120 £469 +25.00% 22
Yorkshire -41 104 £438 +6.71% 31
East of England +69 101 £525 - 24
West Midlands +13 95 £468 +38.52% 15
Scotland -24 85 £425 +11.84% 9
South West -29 43 £450 +9.09% 25
Wales -50 39 £469 -10.71% 7
East Midlands +4 23 £481 +6.94% 7
North East +2 16 £400 -3.03% 6
Northern Ireland +25 9 £460 +22.67% 3

For the 6 months to 15 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,470 (99.56%) Java
2 1,550 (62.47%) Agile Software Development
3 1,511 (60.90%) Spring
4 1,302 (52.48%) Microservices
5 1,053 (42.44%) Spring Boot
6 1,047 (42.20%) TDD
7 812 (32.73%) Docker
8 633 (25.51%) REST
9 610 (24.59%) Amazon AWS
10 604 (24.35%) Git (software)
11 599 (24.14%) Maven
11 599 (24.14%) Hibernate
12 570 (22.97%) RESTful
13 543 (21.89%) BDD
14 541 (21.81%) JavaScript
15 538 (21.68%) Jenkins
16 500 (20.15%) Web Services
17 475 (19.15%) DevOps
18 434 (17.49%) Finance
19 406 (16.36%) Scrum
20 360 (14.51%) Test Automation
21 357 (14.39%) Greenfield Project
22 356 (14.35%) Kafka
23 349 (14.07%) AngularJS
24 324 (13.06%) SQL
25 320 (12.90%) NoSQL
26 308 (12.41%) JUnit
27 305 (12.29%) JIRA
28 302 (12.17%) Kubernetes
29 292 (11.77%) Continuous Integration

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 212 (8.54%) Confluence
2 186 (7.50%) Elasticsearch
3 105 (4.23%) Apache Spark
4 83 (3.35%) Apache
5 79 (3.18%) WebSphere
6 76 (3.06%) Tomcat
7 61 (2.46%) MQSeries
8 56 (2.26%) Mule
9 55 (2.22%) WildFly
10 53 (2.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 50 (2.02%) WebLogic
12 46 (1.85%) CMS
13 44 (1.77%) Oracle Service Bus
14 42 (1.69%) Apache Solr
15 25 (1.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 23 (0.93%) JBoss
17 22 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
18 15 (0.60%) Documentum
19 11 (0.44%) Apache ServiceMix
20 10 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.081%) InVision
1 2 (0.081%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.040%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (0.64%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
3 4 (0.16%) Fredhopper
4 3 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.040%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.040%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.040%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 610 (24.59%) Amazon AWS
2 132 (5.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 61 (2.46%) Serverless
4 56 (2.26%) GitHub
4 56 (2.26%) Google Cloud Platform
5 51 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
5 51 (2.06%) Amazon SQS
6 49 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
7 37 (1.49%) Amazon S3
8 31 (1.25%) PaaS
9 26 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 26 (1.05%) Heroku
10 24 (0.97%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 23 (0.93%) CloudFront
12 19 (0.77%) SaaS
13 15 (0.60%) Apigee
14 14 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (0.56%) npm
15 13 (0.52%) OpenShift
16 9 (0.36%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 63 (2.54%) HTTP
2 32 (1.29%) TCP/IP
3 30 (1.21%) SSL
4 28 (1.13%) DNS
5 24 (0.97%) FTP
6 17 (0.69%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.20%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.12%) AMQP
8 3 (0.12%) Cisco Nexus
8 3 (0.12%) Internet
8 3 (0.12%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.081%) FIX Connectivity
9 2 (0.081%) Skype
9 2 (0.081%) SSH
10 1 (0.040%) ATM
10 1 (0.040%) DSL
10 1 (0.040%) IPv6
10 1 (0.040%) OpenFlow
10 1 (0.040%) VLAN
10 1 (0.040%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 320 (12.90%) NoSQL
2 273 (11.00%) MongoDB
3 257 (10.36%) PostgreSQL
4 213 (8.59%) Apache Cassandra
5 212 (8.54%) Relational Database
6 144 (5.80%) MySQL
7 126 (5.08%) Hadoop
8 123 (4.96%) Big Data
9 121 (4.88%) SQL Server
10 119 (4.80%) RDBMS
11 94 (3.79%) Redis
12 75 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 71 (2.86%) Couchbase
14 69 (2.78%) HBase
15 47 (1.89%) Oracle Database
16 24 (0.97%) Riak
17 23 (0.93%) Impala
18 21 (0.85%) Apache Hive
18 21 (0.85%) Hazelcast
19 20 (0.81%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 604 (24.35%) Git (software)
2 599 (24.14%) Maven
3 538 (21.68%) Jenkins
4 308 (12.41%) JUnit
5 305 (12.29%) JIRA
6 186 (7.50%) Gradle
7 173 (6.97%) Cucumber
8 144 (5.80%) Mockito
9 120 (4.84%) Selenium
10 107 (4.31%) IntelliJ
11 86 (3.47%) Subversion
12 75 (3.02%) SonarQube
13 71 (2.86%) Checkstyle
14 68 (2.74%) Vagrant
15 58 (2.34%) Liquibase
16 44 (1.77%) GitLab
17 35 (1.41%) Bitbucket
18 32 (1.29%) Spock
19 31 (1.25%) Gatling
19 31 (1.25%) TeamCity
General
1 434 (17.49%) Finance
2 263 (10.60%) Banking
3 105 (4.23%) Front Office
4 74 (2.98%) Games
5 73 (2.94%) Retail
6 67 (2.70%) Investment Banking
7 55 (2.22%) Telecoms
8 49 (1.98%) Marketing
9 33 (1.33%) Electronics
9 33 (1.33%) Manufacturing
10 20 (0.81%) Financial Institution
11 13 (0.52%) Law
12 12 (0.48%) Back Office
13 9 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.24%) Legal
15 5 (0.20%) Advertising
15 5 (0.20%) Publishing
16 4 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
17 3 (0.12%) Automotive
17 3 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,057 (82.91%) Developer
2 1,875 (75.57%) Java Developer
3 354 (14.27%) Senior Developer
4 324 (13.06%) Senior Java Developer
5 206 (8.30%) Java Engineer
6 200 (8.06%) AWS Developer
7 165 (6.65%) Full Stack Developer
8 147 (5.93%) Agile Developer
9 132 (5.32%) Agile Java Developer
10 115 (4.64%) Lead Developer
11 111 (4.47%) Lead Java Developer
12 95 (3.83%) Backend Developer
13 92 (3.71%) Software Engineer
14 84 (3.39%) Angular Developer
15 75 (3.02%) React Developer
16 67 (2.70%) Java Software Engineer
17 59 (2.38%) SC Cleared Java Developer
18 52 (2.10%) JavaScript Developer
19 45 (1.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 43 (1.73%) Senior Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,511 (60.90%) Spring
2 1,053 (42.44%) Spring Boot
3 633 (25.51%) REST
4 599 (24.14%) Hibernate
5 570 (22.97%) RESTful
6 500 (20.15%) Web Services
7 356 (14.35%) Kafka
8 349 (14.07%) AngularJS
9 276 (11.12%) HTML
10 251 (10.12%) React
11 247 (9.96%) JMS
12 244 (9.83%) CSS
13 241 (9.71%) Node.js
14 208 (8.38%) JSON
15 175 (7.05%) SOAP
16 174 (7.01%) Spring MVC
17 159 (6.41%) Apache Camel
18 138 (5.56%) HTML5
19 116 (4.68%) RabbitMQ
20 97 (3.91%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 357 (14.39%) Greenfield Project
2 115 (4.64%) Fintech
3 61 (2.46%) Fixed Income
4 55 (2.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 52 (2.10%) Linux Command Line
6 48 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
7 39 (1.57%) Data Structures
7 39 (1.57%) Mobile App
7 39 (1.57%) User Experience
8 37 (1.49%) Equities
9 35 (1.41%) Algorithms
10 33 (1.33%) Analytical Skills
11 31 (1.25%) Derivative
12 28 (1.13%) Cloud Native
13 18 (0.73%) Grid Computing
14 14 (0.56%) Hybrid Cloud
14 14 (0.56%) Online Games
14 14 (0.56%) Public Cloud
15 13 (0.52%) Reference Data
16 12 (0.48%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 205 (8.26%) Linux
2 178 (7.17%) Unix
3 62 (2.50%) VMS
4 20 (0.81%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.40%) Android
5 10 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (0.32%) CentOS
7 7 (0.28%) Windows
8 4 (0.16%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.040%) Debian
9 1 (0.040%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.040%) Mesosphere
9 1 (0.040%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,550 (62.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,302 (52.48%) Microservices
3 1,047 (42.20%) TDD
4 543 (21.89%) BDD
5 475 (19.15%) DevOps
6 406 (16.36%) Scrum
7 360 (14.51%) Test Automation
8 292 (11.77%) Continuous Integration
9 260 (10.48%) Software Engineering
10 243 (9.79%) MVC
11 240 (9.67%) OO
12 213 (8.59%) Pair Programming
13 200 (8.06%) Kanban
14 164 (6.61%) SOA
15 148 (5.97%) Multithreading
16 145 (5.84%) Domain-Driven Design
17 126 (5.08%) Open Source
18 114 (4.59%) Continuous Delivery
19 105 (4.23%) E-Commerce
20 104 (4.19%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,470 (99.56%) Java
2 541 (21.81%) JavaScript
3 324 (13.06%) SQL
4 161 (6.49%) Scala
5 112 (4.51%) Python
6 100 (4.03%) Java 9
7 75 (3.02%) ES6
8 61 (2.46%) Groovy
9 56 (2.26%) TypeScript
10 53 (2.14%) JPQL
11 41 (1.65%) Kotlin
12 37 (1.49%) PHP
13 36 (1.45%) PL/SQL
14 32 (1.29%) Bash Shell
15 24 (0.97%) C#
16 23 (0.93%) Shell Script
17 20 (0.81%) C
18 16 (0.64%) Clojure
19 15 (0.60%) Ruby
20 13 (0.52%) Perl
Qualifications
1 188 (7.58%) Security Cleared
2 160 (6.45%) SC Cleared
3 69 (2.78%) Degree
4 46 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (0.44%) DBS Check
7 4 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (0.16%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.12%) ISEB
8 3 (0.12%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.12%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.081%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.081%) OCA
9 2 (0.081%) OCAJ
9 2 (0.081%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.040%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.040%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.040%) SAFe Agilist
10 1 (0.040%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (2.26%) QA
2 8 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
3 3 (0.12%) EMIR
3 3 (0.12%) MiFID
4 2 (0.081%) PSD2
5 1 (0.040%) HL7
5 1 (0.040%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.040%) WAI
5 1 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 812 (32.73%) Docker
2 24 (0.97%) HDFS
3 4 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.12%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.081%) vSphere
6 1 (0.040%) KVM
6 1 (0.040%) LXC
6 1 (0.040%) vCloud
6 1 (0.040%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 302 (12.17%) Kubernetes
2 137 (5.52%) Ansible
2 137 (5.52%) Terraform
3 85 (3.43%) Puppet
4 56 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
5 48 (1.93%) Mesos
6 32 (1.29%) Marathon
7 24 (0.97%) Docker Swarm
8 19 (0.77%) Prometheus
9 16 (0.64%) Kibana
10 15 (0.60%) Rancher
11 13 (0.52%) logstash
12 12 (0.48%) Consul
13 10 (0.40%) Grafana
13 10 (0.40%) linkerd
14 7 (0.28%) Istio
15 5 (0.20%) Packer
16 4 (0.16%) HP Fortify
17 3 (0.12%) ZABBIX
18 2 (0.081%) Oozie
Vendors
1 257 (10.36%) Oracle
2 76 (3.06%) Google
3 45 (1.81%) Atlassian
4 42 (1.69%) IBM
5 41 (1.65%) WSO2
6 35 (1.41%) SAP
7 27 (1.09%) Adobe
8 24 (0.97%) Pega
8 24 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
9 20 (0.81%) MuleSoft
10 18 (0.73%) Splunk
11 17 (0.69%) ION Trading
12 16 (0.64%) Sybase
13 12 (0.48%) Microsoft
14 11 (0.44%) Red Hat
15 10 (0.40%) Cloudera
16 9 (0.36%) Apple
16 9 (0.36%) BEA
16 9 (0.36%) Informatica
16 9 (0.36%) webMethods