Period
to 25 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 25 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 200 103 118
Rank change year-on-year -97 +15 +105
Contract jobs citing Java 8 948 2,499 2,209
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.32% 2.51% 2.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.25% 5.67% 5.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 699 1,991 1,802
UK median daily rate £540 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £409 £413 £375
90th Percentile £675 £660 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £475 £430
% change year-on-year -3.16% +10.47% -4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 0
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.43% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £38.29 -
% change year-on-year +20.15% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,180 44,074 42,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.75% 44.29% 42.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,000 30,941 29,851
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £308
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 591 702 768
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.19 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.73% +5.48% -
10th Percentile £17.21 £17.00 £16.61
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.25 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -103 859 £550 +2.33% 410
London -63 549 £550 -2.22% 281
UK excluding London -93 383 £460 -3.16% 148
North of England -34 126 £500 +11.11% 37
South East -73 89 £500 +1.27% 46
Yorkshire +10 76 £500 +11.11% 13
South West +26 61 £475 +5.56% 18
Scotland -2 58 £450 +5.88% 14
North West -47 43 £475 - 22
Midlands -26 30 £500 +6.38% 14
East Midlands +17 18 £600 +23.08% 1
West Midlands -32 12 £481 +2.94% 13
Northern Ireland +10 8 £450 +38.46% 1
Wales 0 8 £513 +11.63% 4
North East +10 7 £348 -13.13% 2
East of England -55 5 £350 -33.33% 14

For the 6 months to 25 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 928 (97.89%) Java
2 617 (65.08%) Spring
3 605 (63.82%) Agile Software Development
4 452 (47.68%) Microservices
5 409 (43.14%) Spring Boot
6 363 (38.29%) TDD
7 320 (33.76%) Docker
8 251 (26.48%) AWS
9 248 (26.16%) REST
10 232 (24.47%) Jenkins
11 222 (23.42%) Git (software)
12 217 (22.89%) JavaScript
13 205 (21.62%) Scrum
14 196 (20.68%) RESTful
15 187 (19.73%) Test Automation
15 187 (19.73%) Kubernetes
16 185 (19.51%) DevOps
16 185 (19.51%) Maven
17 174 (18.35%) AngularJS
18 172 (18.14%) BDD
19 162 (17.09%) React
20 160 (16.88%) Kafka
21 157 (16.56%) JUnit
22 137 (14.45%) Finance
23 133 (14.03%) HTML
24 132 (13.92%) Security Cleared
25 131 (13.82%) SQL
26 125 (13.19%) Continuous Integration
27 124 (13.08%) MongoDB
28 123 (12.97%) Pair Programming

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (6.01%) Elasticsearch
2 44 (4.64%) Confluence
3 31 (3.27%) Apache
4 24 (2.53%) Tomcat
5 16 (1.69%) Camunda
6 12 (1.27%) JBoss
7 9 (0.95%) Apache Spark
8 8 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 6 (0.63%) Jetty
9 6 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
9 6 (0.63%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.53%) CMS
10 5 (0.53%) Mule
10 5 (0.53%) nginx
10 5 (0.53%) Oracle Service Bus
11 4 (0.42%) Alfresco
11 4 (0.42%) Headless CMS
11 4 (0.42%) Mongrel
11 4 (0.42%) WildFly
Applications
1 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (0.53%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 251 (26.48%) AWS
2 64 (6.75%) Azure
3 33 (3.48%) OpenShift
4 28 (2.95%) GCP
4 28 (2.95%) Serverless
5 27 (2.85%) AWS Lambda
6 23 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
7 20 (2.11%) GitHub
8 19 (2.00%) Amazon S3
9 15 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (0.95%) npm
10 9 (0.95%) PaaS
10 9 (0.95%) SaaS
11 6 (0.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.63%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 6 (0.63%) CloudFront
12 5 (0.53%) Amazon EMR
12 5 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.53%) Power Platform
13 4 (0.42%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.22%) HTTP
2 18 (1.90%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.79%) FTP
3 17 (1.79%) SSL
4 16 (1.69%) DSL
5 14 (1.48%) DNS
6 6 (0.63%) Ethernet
6 6 (0.63%) IPv4
6 6 (0.63%) IPv6
6 6 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.42%) DHCP
7 4 (0.42%) IPsec
7 4 (0.42%) Kerberos
8 3 (0.32%) Internet
9 2 (0.21%) RTMP
9 2 (0.21%) SSH
10 1 (0.11%) Intranet
10 1 (0.11%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (13.08%) MongoDB
2 84 (8.86%) Relational Database
3 83 (8.76%) PostgreSQL
4 79 (8.33%) NoSQL
5 65 (6.86%) MySQL
6 28 (2.95%) RDBMS
7 26 (2.74%) Hadoop
8 20 (2.11%) Big Data
9 17 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
9 17 (1.79%) Oracle Database
10 16 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 13 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
11 13 (1.37%) Redis
12 10 (1.05%) SQL Server
13 7 (0.74%) DB2
13 7 (0.74%) Pentaho
14 6 (0.63%) InfluxDB
15 5 (0.53%) Data Lake
15 5 (0.53%) Flink
15 5 (0.53%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 232 (24.47%) Jenkins
2 222 (23.42%) Git (software)
3 185 (19.51%) Maven
4 157 (16.56%) JUnit
5 102 (10.76%) Gradle
6 98 (10.34%) Mockito
7 96 (10.13%) Cucumber
8 78 (8.23%) JIRA
9 51 (5.38%) Selenium
10 37 (3.90%) Spock
11 31 (3.27%) GitLab
12 29 (3.06%) IntelliJ
13 27 (2.85%) Bitbucket
14 21 (2.22%) Eclipse
14 21 (2.22%) WebDriver
15 20 (2.11%) TeamCity
16 15 (1.58%) JMeter
17 13 (1.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 13 (1.37%) SonarQube
18 12 (1.27%) Postman
General
1 137 (14.45%) Finance
2 95 (10.02%) Banking
3 81 (8.54%) Public Sector
4 31 (3.27%) Investment Banking
5 30 (3.16%) Marketing
6 19 (2.00%) Front Office
7 14 (1.48%) Electronics
7 14 (1.48%) Manufacturing
7 14 (1.48%) Retail
7 14 (1.48%) Telecoms
8 8 (0.84%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.63%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.53%) Games
11 4 (0.42%) Advertising
11 4 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.32%) Corporate Banking
13 2 (0.21%) Publishing
14 1 (0.11%) Legal
Job Titles
1 830 (87.55%) Developer
2 704 (74.26%) Java Developer
3 150 (15.82%) Senior Developer
4 125 (13.19%) Senior Java Developer
5 98 (10.34%) Full Stack Developer
6 95 (10.02%) AWS Developer
7 64 (6.75%) Java Engineer
8 51 (5.38%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 49 (5.17%) React Developer
10 47 (4.96%) Backend Developer
11 39 (4.11%) Agile Developer
11 39 (4.11%) Agile Java Developer
12 35 (3.69%) Software Engineer
13 27 (2.85%) Scala Developer
14 25 (2.64%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 22 (2.32%) Java Software Engineer
15 22 (2.32%) Senior Java Engineer
16 19 (2.00%) AWS Engineer
16 19 (2.00%) Software Developer
17 17 (1.79%) Digital Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 617 (65.08%) Spring
2 409 (43.14%) Spring Boot
3 248 (26.16%) REST
4 196 (20.68%) RESTful
5 174 (18.35%) AngularJS
6 162 (17.09%) React
7 160 (16.88%) Kafka
8 133 (14.03%) HTML
9 123 (12.97%) Web Services
10 112 (11.81%) CSS
11 106 (11.18%) Node.js
12 94 (9.92%) Hibernate
13 93 (9.81%) JSON
14 68 (7.17%) RabbitMQ
15 60 (6.33%) HTML5
16 59 (6.22%) SOAP
17 52 (5.49%) JPA
18 43 (4.54%) Vue.js
19 37 (3.90%) Redux
20 31 (3.27%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 92 (9.70%) Greenfield Project
2 43 (4.54%) Algorithms
3 29 (3.06%) User Experience
4 25 (2.64%) Data Structures
5 24 (2.53%) Virtual Team
6 22 (2.32%) Analytical Skills
7 16 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (1.48%) Mobile App
9 13 (1.37%) Derivative
9 13 (1.37%) Equities
10 12 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 11 (1.16%) Semantic Web
12 7 (0.74%) Fixed Income
12 7 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
12 7 (0.74%) Mobile Banking
12 7 (0.74%) Self-Motivation
13 6 (0.63%) Blog
13 6 (0.63%) Cloud Native
14 5 (0.53%) Grid Computing
15 4 (0.42%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 118 (12.45%) Linux
2 70 (7.38%) Unix
3 14 (1.48%) Mac OS X
4 7 (0.74%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.63%) Android
5 6 (0.63%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.21%) CentOS
6 2 (0.21%) Debian
6 2 (0.21%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.11%) AIX
7 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 605 (63.82%) Agile Software Development
2 452 (47.68%) Microservices
3 363 (38.29%) TDD
4 205 (21.62%) Scrum
5 187 (19.73%) Test Automation
6 185 (19.51%) DevOps
7 172 (18.14%) BDD
8 125 (13.19%) Continuous Integration
9 123 (12.97%) Pair Programming
10 95 (10.02%) OO
10 95 (10.02%) Software Engineering
11 83 (8.76%) Open Source
12 77 (8.12%) Continuous Delivery
13 68 (7.17%) Kanban
14 66 (6.96%) Problem-Solving
14 66 (6.96%) Unit Testing
15 54 (5.70%) Continuous Deployment
16 52 (5.49%) OOP
17 46 (4.85%) Mentoring
18 44 (4.64%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 928 (97.89%) Java
2 217 (22.89%) JavaScript
3 131 (13.82%) SQL
4 69 (7.28%) ES6
5 44 (4.64%) Python
6 37 (3.90%) Groovy
7 35 (3.69%) TypeScript
8 33 (3.48%) Bash Shell
9 31 (3.27%) Scala
10 26 (2.74%) Shell Script
11 24 (2.53%) Kotlin
12 18 (1.90%) Clojure
13 14 (1.48%) C#
14 13 (1.37%) PL/SQL
15 12 (1.27%) Ruby
16 8 (0.84%) ES7
17 7 (0.74%) C
17 7 (0.74%) C++
18 6 (0.63%) Apple Swift
18 6 (0.63%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 132 (13.92%) Security Cleared
2 107 (11.29%) SC Cleared
3 39 (4.11%) Degree
4 31 (3.27%) BPSS Clearance
5 11 (1.16%) DV Cleared
6 10 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.53%) Master's Degree
8 4 (0.42%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.32%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.32%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.21%) ISEB
10 2 (0.21%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (1.90%) QA
2 4 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
2 4 (0.42%) SEPA
3 1 (0.11%) GDPR
3 1 (0.11%) PMO
3 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 320 (33.76%) Docker
2 5 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (0.42%) Xen
4 1 (0.11%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 187 (19.73%) Kubernetes
2 47 (4.96%) Terraform
3 35 (3.69%) Ansible
4 21 (2.22%) Kibana
5 18 (1.90%) Puppet
6 12 (1.27%) Consul
7 10 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
8 8 (0.84%) Grafana
9 5 (0.53%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.21%) logstash
11 2 (0.21%) Rancher
11 2 (0.21%) Salt
11 2 (0.21%) ZABBIX
12 1 (0.11%) linkerd
12 1 (0.11%) Mesos
12 1 (0.11%) Oozie
Vendors
1 67 (7.07%) Oracle
2 29 (3.06%) Google
3 23 (2.43%) Splunk
4 17 (1.79%) Atlassian
5 13 (1.37%) SAP
6 11 (1.16%) WSO2
7 8 (0.84%) Adobe
7 8 (0.84%) AppDynamics
8 7 (0.74%) IBM
8 7 (0.74%) MuleSoft
9 5 (0.53%) Apple
9 5 (0.53%) Microsoft
9 5 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (0.53%) VMware
10 4 (0.42%) PayPal
10 4 (0.42%) Red Hat
11 3 (0.32%) New Relic
12 2 (0.21%) GoCardless
12 2 (0.21%) Twitter
12 2 (0.21%) Zend