Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 146 128 110
Rank change year-on-year -18 -18 +74
Contract jobs citing Java 8 740 1,871 2,430
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.79% 2.00% 2.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.31% 4.68% 5.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 542 1,474 2,018
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £385
90th Percentile £650 £674 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 14 8
Median hourly rate £40.84 £53.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.03% +19.44% -5.26%
10th Percentile £33.21 £35.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £58.33 £60.00 £56.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.59 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -20.75% +22.22% -5.26%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,164 39,972 45,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.42% 42.73% 43.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,488 27,730 31,799
Median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +5.14%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £408
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 392 726 794
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.93 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.48% +4.71% -
10th Percentile £18.00 £19.72 £16.25
90th Percentile £56.45 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year -18.60% +6.17% -2.41%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 715 £525 -2.33% 86
London +15 467 £550 - 56
UK excluding London -22 258 £500 +5.26% 36
North of England +4 98 £525 +5.00% 12
South East +21 68 £450 -5.26% 6
Yorkshire +14 62 £510 +2.00% 8
South West +45 39 £500 +5.26% 2
Work from Home -14 38 £500 - 13
East of England -14 36 £475 -9.52% 5
North West +17 26 £525 +16.67% 4
North East +44 10 £463 -39.94%
Scotland -3 7 £450 - 4
Midlands +50 6 £423 -6.11% 5
Northern Ireland +11 5 £444 -6.53% 1
East Midlands +42 3 £423 -32.40% 1
West Midlands +35 3 £500 +11.11% 4
Wales +21 1 £375 -9.64% 1

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 729 (98.51%) Java
2 483 (65.27%) Agile Software Development
3 475 (64.19%) Microservices
4 409 (55.27%) Spring
5 325 (43.92%) Spring Boot
6 306 (41.35%) Docker
7 301 (40.68%) AWS
8 278 (37.57%) TDD
9 211 (28.51%) Kubernetes
10 204 (27.57%) BDD
11 202 (27.30%) Test Automation
12 175 (23.65%) Pair Programming
13 174 (23.51%) Azure
14 155 (20.95%) Scrum
15 152 (20.54%) Finance
16 143 (19.32%) REST
17 136 (18.38%) Linux
18 127 (17.16%) Security Cleared
19 121 (16.35%) Maven
20 119 (16.08%) RESTful
20 119 (16.08%) Git (software)
20 119 (16.08%) Jenkins
21 116 (15.68%) Web Services
22 115 (15.54%) Public Sector
23 112 (15.14%) Mockito
24 106 (14.32%) MongoDB
25 105 (14.19%) Kafka
25 105 (14.19%) SQL
26 103 (13.92%) JUnit
27 98 (13.24%) SC Cleared

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (8.65%) Confluence
2 56 (7.57%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (4.19%) Apache Spark
4 15 (2.03%) Camunda
5 10 (1.35%) WebLogic
6 9 (1.22%) SAP EP
6 9 (1.22%) SAP Portal
6 9 (1.22%) Tomcat
7 8 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
8 7 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (0.68%) CMS
9 5 (0.68%) Mule
9 5 (0.68%) Oracle Service Bus
9 5 (0.68%) Red Hat Fuse
9 5 (0.68%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.54%) Apache
10 4 (0.54%) Headless CMS
11 3 (0.41%) JBoss
12 2 (0.27%) Anypoint
Applications
1 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.14%) ION MarketView
1 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
1 1 (0.14%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 301 (40.68%) AWS
2 174 (23.51%) Azure
3 36 (4.86%) GCP
4 32 (4.32%) Serverless
5 29 (3.92%) GitHub
6 27 (3.65%) Amazon EC2
6 27 (3.65%) AWS Lambda
7 22 (2.97%) Amazon S3
8 17 (2.30%) Amazon SQS
9 16 (2.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 16 (2.16%) OpenShift
10 11 (1.49%) SaaS
11 10 (1.35%) Amazon Kinesis
12 8 (1.08%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 8 (1.08%) CloudFront
13 7 (0.95%) Amazon ECS
13 7 (0.95%) PaaS
14 5 (0.68%) AWS CloudTrail
14 5 (0.68%) AWS CodePipeline
14 5 (0.68%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.92%) SSL
2 23 (3.11%) HTTPS
3 18 (2.43%) HTTP
4 7 (0.95%) DSL
5 6 (0.81%) DNS
5 6 (0.81%) FTP
5 6 (0.81%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.54%) Skype
7 1 (0.14%) Intranet
7 1 (0.14%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.14%) LAN
7 1 (0.14%) RTMP
7 1 (0.14%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (14.32%) MongoDB
2 63 (8.51%) MySQL
3 57 (7.70%) Relational Database
4 54 (7.30%) NoSQL
5 29 (3.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 26 (3.51%) PostgreSQL
7 24 (3.24%) SQL Server
8 21 (2.84%) Big Data
9 20 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
10 19 (2.57%) Oracle Database
11 15 (2.03%) Hadoop
12 11 (1.49%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (1.49%) RDBMS
13 10 (1.35%) Redis
14 5 (0.68%) DB2
15 4 (0.54%) Neo4j
15 4 (0.54%) Parquet
16 3 (0.41%) BigQuery
16 3 (0.41%) HBase
16 3 (0.41%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 121 (16.35%) Maven
2 119 (16.08%) Git (software)
2 119 (16.08%) Jenkins
3 112 (15.14%) Mockito
4 103 (13.92%) JUnit
5 92 (12.43%) JIRA
6 85 (11.49%) Gradle
7 36 (4.86%) Cucumber
8 21 (2.84%) Selenium
9 19 (2.57%) GitLab
9 19 (2.57%) SoapUI
10 17 (2.30%) Checkstyle
11 16 (2.16%) IntelliJ
12 15 (2.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 15 (2.03%) SonarQube
13 14 (1.89%) Eclipse
14 12 (1.62%) Postman
15 11 (1.49%) Ant
15 11 (1.49%) Xcode
16 9 (1.22%) Spock
General
1 152 (20.54%) Finance
2 115 (15.54%) Public Sector
3 87 (11.76%) Banking
4 37 (5.00%) Investment Banking
5 20 (2.70%) Front Office
6 19 (2.57%) Financial Institution
7 15 (2.03%) Marketing
8 11 (1.49%) Electronics
8 11 (1.49%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.49%) Retail
8 11 (1.49%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.54%) Law
10 3 (0.41%) Games
10 3 (0.41%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.14%) Legal
Job Titles
1 632 (85.41%) Developer
2 555 (75.00%) Java Developer
3 82 (11.08%) Senior Developer
4 80 (10.81%) Senior Java Developer
5 49 (6.62%) Backend Developer
6 46 (6.22%) AWS Developer
7 36 (4.86%) Full Stack Developer
8 34 (4.59%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 24 (3.24%) Java Engineer
10 21 (2.84%) Architect
11 18 (2.43%) Software Engineer
12 17 (2.30%) Java Architect
13 15 (2.03%) Agile Developer
13 15 (2.03%) Agile Java Developer
14 14 (1.89%) Lead Developer
15 13 (1.76%) DevOps Engineer
16 12 (1.62%) Digital Developer
16 12 (1.62%) Lead Java Developer
17 10 (1.35%) Integration Developer
17 10 (1.35%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 409 (55.27%) Spring
2 325 (43.92%) Spring Boot
3 143 (19.32%) REST
4 119 (16.08%) RESTful
5 116 (15.68%) Web Services
6 105 (14.19%) Kafka
7 81 (10.95%) AngularJS
8 74 (10.00%) JAX-RS
9 71 (9.59%) ActiveMQ
10 64 (8.65%) React
11 54 (7.30%) Hibernate
12 49 (6.62%) HTML
12 49 (6.62%) SOAP
13 48 (6.49%) CSS
13 48 (6.49%) Node.js
14 46 (6.22%) J2EE
15 40 (5.41%) JPA
15 40 (5.41%) JSON
16 39 (5.27%) Spring Cloud
17 33 (4.46%) Guice
Miscellaneous
1 28 (3.78%) Mobile App
2 27 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
3 23 (3.11%) User Experience
4 20 (2.70%) Algorithms
5 19 (2.57%) Hybrid Cloud
6 18 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 15 (2.03%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (1.89%) Semantic Web
9 13 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
10 11 (1.49%) Fixed Income
11 10 (1.35%) Virtual Team
12 8 (1.08%) Cloud Native
13 7 (0.95%) Data Structures
14 5 (0.68%) Credit Risk
14 5 (0.68%) Market Risk
14 5 (0.68%) Public Cloud
15 4 (0.54%) Augmented Reality
15 4 (0.54%) Hedge funds
16 3 (0.41%) Linux Command Line
16 3 (0.41%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 136 (18.38%) Linux
2 96 (12.97%) Unix
3 75 (10.14%) Mac OS X
4 9 (1.22%) Android
5 5 (0.68%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.41%) Debian
7 2 (0.27%) Windows
8 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 483 (65.27%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (64.19%) Microservices
3 278 (37.57%) TDD
4 204 (27.57%) BDD
5 202 (27.30%) Test Automation
6 175 (23.65%) Pair Programming
7 155 (20.95%) Scrum
8 92 (12.43%) DevOps
9 89 (12.03%) Continuous Deployment
10 80 (10.81%) Software Engineering
11 77 (10.41%) Responsive Web Design
12 76 (10.27%) Web Design
13 75 (10.14%) Web Development
14 71 (9.59%) Continuous Integration
15 65 (8.78%) Kanban
15 65 (8.78%) Problem-Solving
16 50 (6.76%) Digital Transformation Programme
16 50 (6.76%) Multithreading
17 49 (6.62%) Continuous Delivery
18 46 (6.22%) OO
Programming Languages
1 729 (98.51%) Java
2 105 (14.19%) SQL
3 70 (9.46%) JavaScript
4 50 (6.76%) Scala
5 39 (5.27%) Python
6 37 (5.00%) Kotlin
7 24 (3.24%) Groovy
8 22 (2.97%) TypeScript
9 18 (2.43%) ES6
10 10 (1.35%) Java 9
10 10 (1.35%) Shell Script
11 9 (1.22%) PL/SQL
12 7 (0.95%) Go
13 6 (0.81%) Ruby
14 5 (0.68%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.68%) C#
15 4 (0.54%) Apple Swift
16 3 (0.41%) R
16 3 (0.41%) VB
16 3 (0.41%) VBA
Qualifications
1 127 (17.16%) Security Cleared
2 98 (13.24%) SC Cleared
3 30 (4.05%) BPSS Clearance
4 24 (3.24%) Degree
5 14 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (1.76%) DBS Check
7 11 (1.49%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.08%) ISEB
8 8 (1.08%) ISTQB
8 8 (1.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 8 (1.08%) OCPJP
8 8 (1.08%) Sun Certification
9 5 (0.68%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.54%) OCP
10 4 (0.54%) Oracle Certification
11 3 (0.41%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.97%) QA
2 4 (0.54%) MiFID
3 3 (0.41%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.27%) PMO
5 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.14%) GDPR
5 1 (0.14%) PSD2
5 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 306 (41.35%) Docker
2 1 (0.14%) Apache Flume
2 1 (0.14%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 211 (28.51%) Kubernetes
2 45 (6.08%) Terraform
3 35 (4.73%) Prometheus
4 25 (3.38%) Ansible
5 22 (2.97%) Zipkin
6 8 (1.08%) Kibana
7 6 (0.81%) Consul
7 6 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
8 5 (0.68%) Packer
9 4 (0.54%) linkerd
10 2 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.27%) Puppet
11 1 (0.14%) CFEngine
11 1 (0.14%) Grafana
11 1 (0.14%) Graphite
11 1 (0.14%) Marathon
11 1 (0.14%) Mesos
11 1 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 71 (9.59%) Oracle
2 24 (3.24%) SAP
3 18 (2.43%) Splunk
4 10 (1.35%) AppDynamics
5 9 (1.22%) MuleSoft
6 8 (1.08%) Sun
7 7 (0.95%) Google
8 6 (0.81%) ION Trading
8 6 (0.81%) WSO2
9 5 (0.68%) IBM
10 4 (0.54%) Adobe
10 4 (0.54%) Ariba
10 4 (0.54%) Confluent
10 4 (0.54%) Microsoft
11 3 (0.41%) Apple
11 3 (0.41%) Atlassian
11 3 (0.41%) Databricks
12 2 (0.27%) BEA
12 2 (0.27%) MapR
12 2 (0.27%) TIBCO