Period
to 18 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 18 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
18 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 102 152 316
Rank change year-on-year +50 +164 +429
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,576 1,650 873
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.50% 1.71% 0.80%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.65% 4.07% 2.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,128 1,353 722
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +4.40%
10th Percentile £390 £369 £356
90th Percentile £638 £650 £612
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £440
% change year-on-year +5.88% -3.41% +17.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 1 0
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 -
% change year-on-year -5.26% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,596 40,534 42,606
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.25% 42.02% 39.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,996 27,868 29,283
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £279
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 743 780 907
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.00 £13.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.47% +8.00% +4.17%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 18 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 2,425 £525 +1.94% 420
London +26 1,523 £550 +4.76% 231
UK excluding London +103 1,031 £450 +5.88% 212
North of England +70 358 £438 +2.94% 56
South East +64 262 £488 -2.50% 58
North West +47 167 £450 - 33
Yorkshire +54 160 £438 +5.42% 23
Midlands +49 124 £450 - 18
East of England +70 118 £525 - 39
Scotland -21 91 £425 +21.43% 10
West Midlands +22 76 £450 -18.18% 11
East Midlands +18 47 £463 +12.80% 7
South West -4 41 £425 - 18
North East +19 32 £400 -3.03%
Northern Ireland - 24 £460 - 7
Wales -5 14 £475 -5.00% 6

For the 6 months to 18 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,555 (99.18%) Java
2 1,647 (63.94%) Agile Software Development
3 1,515 (58.81%) Spring
4 1,159 (44.99%) TDD
5 1,110 (43.09%) Microservices
6 914 (35.48%) Spring Boot
7 762 (29.58%) Hibernate
8 712 (27.64%) Docker
9 692 (26.86%) REST
10 682 (26.48%) Maven
11 593 (23.02%) Git (software)
12 592 (22.98%) RESTful
13 588 (22.83%) JavaScript
14 547 (21.23%) BDD
15 523 (20.30%) Scrum
16 520 (20.19%) Amazon AWS
17 514 (19.95%) Jenkins
18 468 (18.17%) Web Services
19 465 (18.05%) Finance
20 460 (17.86%) DevOps
21 412 (15.99%) Kafka
22 386 (14.98%) Test Automation
23 371 (14.40%) AngularJS
24 346 (13.43%) Continuous Integration
25 344 (13.35%) SQL
25 344 (13.35%) NoSQL
26 327 (12.69%) Greenfield Project
27 318 (12.34%) PostgreSQL
28 306 (11.88%) OO
29 300 (11.65%) JUnit

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (7.88%) Elasticsearch
2 167 (6.48%) Confluence
3 117 (4.54%) Apache
4 113 (4.39%) Apache Spark
4 113 (4.39%) Tomcat
5 86 (3.34%) WebSphere
6 51 (1.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 48 (1.86%) WildFly
8 47 (1.82%) Apache Solr
9 43 (1.67%) MQSeries
10 41 (1.59%) JBoss
11 40 (1.55%) Mule
12 39 (1.51%) WebLogic
13 37 (1.44%) Oracle Service Bus
14 29 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
15 23 (0.89%) CMS
16 18 (0.70%) Jetty
17 16 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
18 12 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
19 11 (0.43%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 4 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (1.01%) ION MarketView
2 7 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.039%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.039%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.039%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 520 (20.19%) Amazon AWS
2 120 (4.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 42 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
3 42 (1.63%) GitHub
4 41 (1.59%) Heroku
5 35 (1.36%) Amazon S3
6 29 (1.13%) Google Cloud Platform
7 26 (1.01%) Serverless
8 25 (0.97%) Amazon SQS
8 25 (0.97%) PaaS
9 22 (0.85%) OpenShift
10 18 (0.70%) npm
11 16 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (0.47%) Yarn
13 10 (0.39%) SaaS
14 9 (0.35%) BrowserStack
15 7 (0.27%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 7 (0.27%) Amazon Kinesis
15 7 (0.27%) Slack
15 7 (0.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 81 (3.14%) HTTP
2 63 (2.45%) TCP/IP
3 36 (1.40%) DNS
3 36 (1.40%) FTP
3 36 (1.40%) SSL
4 32 (1.24%) Kerberos
5 11 (0.43%) Internet
6 9 (0.35%) SMS
7 6 (0.23%) FIX Connectivity
8 3 (0.12%) DSL
9 2 (0.078%) Broadband
9 2 (0.078%) RTMP
10 1 (0.039%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (13.35%) NoSQL
2 318 (12.34%) PostgreSQL
3 256 (9.94%) MongoDB
4 229 (8.89%) Relational Database
5 188 (7.30%) Big Data
6 169 (6.56%) Hadoop
7 166 (6.44%) Apache Cassandra
8 144 (5.59%) RDBMS
9 142 (5.51%) MySQL
10 105 (4.08%) SQL Server
11 94 (3.65%) HBase
12 76 (2.95%) Redis
13 55 (2.14%) Apache Hive
14 49 (1.90%) Couchbase
15 38 (1.48%) Oracle Database
16 33 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 25 (0.97%) Amazon Redshift
17 25 (0.97%) Neo4j
18 23 (0.89%) Impala
19 17 (0.66%) Riak
Development Applications
1 682 (26.48%) Maven
2 593 (23.02%) Git (software)
3 514 (19.95%) Jenkins
4 300 (11.65%) JUnit
5 283 (10.99%) JIRA
6 198 (7.69%) Mockito
7 196 (7.61%) Gradle
8 190 (7.38%) Cucumber
9 95 (3.69%) Selenium
10 92 (3.57%) IntelliJ
11 77 (2.99%) SonarQube
12 76 (2.95%) Liquibase
13 71 (2.76%) Subversion
14 67 (2.60%) Checkstyle
15 60 (2.33%) Eclipse
15 60 (2.33%) Vagrant
16 56 (2.17%) GitLab
17 37 (1.44%) TeamCity
18 32 (1.24%) gulp
19 28 (1.09%) JMeter
General
1 465 (18.05%) Finance
2 247 (9.59%) Banking
3 111 (4.31%) Front Office
4 98 (3.80%) Investment Banking
5 84 (3.26%) Games
6 60 (2.33%) Telecoms
7 57 (2.21%) Retail
8 44 (1.71%) Electronics
9 39 (1.51%) Marketing
10 37 (1.44%) Manufacturing
11 21 (0.82%) Publishing
12 11 (0.43%) Automotive
12 11 (0.43%) Retail Banking
13 10 (0.39%) Financial Institution
14 9 (0.35%) Law
15 7 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.16%) Advertising
16 4 (0.16%) Back Office
17 2 (0.078%) French Language
18 1 (0.039%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 2,152 (83.54%) Developer
2 1,996 (77.48%) Java Developer
3 418 (16.23%) Senior Developer
4 391 (15.18%) Senior Java Developer
5 181 (7.03%) Java Engineer
6 129 (5.01%) Full Stack Developer
7 126 (4.89%) Lead Developer
8 122 (4.74%) Lead Java Developer
9 111 (4.31%) Agile Developer
10 100 (3.88%) Agile Java Developer
11 89 (3.45%) AWS Developer
12 83 (3.22%) Architect
13 80 (3.11%) Software Engineer
14 76 (2.95%) Backend Developer
15 71 (2.76%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 66 (2.56%) Angular Developer
17 60 (2.33%) Java Software Engineer
18 59 (2.29%) Senior Java Engineer
19 48 (1.86%) Java Architect
19 48 (1.86%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,515 (58.81%) Spring
2 914 (35.48%) Spring Boot
3 762 (29.58%) Hibernate
4 692 (26.86%) REST
5 592 (22.98%) RESTful
6 468 (18.17%) Web Services
7 412 (15.99%) Kafka
8 371 (14.40%) AngularJS
9 293 (11.37%) HTML
10 235 (9.12%) CSS
11 228 (8.85%) SOAP
12 215 (8.35%) JMS
13 213 (8.27%) Node.js
14 212 (8.23%) JSON
15 209 (8.11%) React
16 184 (7.14%) Apache Camel
17 170 (6.60%) J2EE
18 161 (6.25%) JPA
19 157 (6.09%) RabbitMQ
20 152 (5.90%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 327 (12.69%) Greenfield Project
2 94 (3.65%) Computer Science
3 89 (3.45%) Fintech
4 62 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
5 61 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
6 56 (2.17%) User Experience
7 53 (2.06%) Algorithms
8 52 (2.02%) Analytical Skills
9 45 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 42 (1.63%) Fixed Income
11 41 (1.59%) Mobile App
12 33 (1.28%) Data Structures
13 30 (1.16%) Derivative
13 30 (1.16%) Equities
14 18 (0.70%) Public Cloud
15 16 (0.62%) Online Games
16 14 (0.54%) Minimum Viable Product
17 12 (0.47%) Cloud Native
17 12 (0.47%) Equity Derivative
17 12 (0.47%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 276 (10.71%) Linux
2 202 (7.84%) Unix
3 49 (1.90%) VMS
4 32 (1.24%) Apple iOS
5 23 (0.89%) Windows
6 22 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (0.70%) Mac OS X
8 17 (0.66%) Android
9 8 (0.31%) Solaris
9 8 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.23%) HPUX
11 5 (0.19%) Windows Server
11 5 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.12%) CoreOS
13 2 (0.078%) CentOS
13 2 (0.078%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.078%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.078%) Windows Vista
14 1 (0.039%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,647 (63.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,159 (44.99%) TDD
3 1,110 (43.09%) Microservices
4 547 (21.23%) BDD
5 523 (20.30%) Scrum
6 460 (17.86%) DevOps
7 386 (14.98%) Test Automation
8 346 (13.43%) Continuous Integration
9 306 (11.88%) OO
10 283 (10.99%) Software Engineering
11 274 (10.64%) MVC
12 240 (9.32%) Kanban
13 205 (7.96%) Pair Programming
14 197 (7.65%) Multithreading
15 171 (6.64%) SOA
16 140 (5.43%) Low Latency
17 138 (5.36%) Open Source
18 133 (5.16%) Domain-Driven Design
19 129 (5.01%) Continuous Delivery
20 125 (4.85%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,555 (99.18%) Java
2 588 (22.83%) JavaScript
3 344 (13.35%) SQL
4 181 (7.03%) Scala
5 112 (4.35%) Groovy
6 110 (4.27%) Python
7 86 (3.34%) Java 9
8 82 (3.18%) ES6
9 68 (2.64%) Kotlin
10 62 (2.41%) TypeScript
11 60 (2.33%) JPQL
12 43 (1.67%) Shell Script
13 40 (1.55%) Bash Shell
14 34 (1.32%) Ruby
15 32 (1.24%) XPath
16 29 (1.13%) C#
17 24 (0.93%) Perl
17 24 (0.93%) PL/SQL
18 19 (0.74%) C++
19 15 (0.58%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 223 (8.66%) Security Cleared
2 199 (7.73%) SC Cleared
3 100 (3.88%) Degree
4 58 (2.25%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
5 16 (0.62%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.27%) DBS Check
7 6 (0.23%) Sun Certification
8 5 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
8 5 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.16%) BC Cleared
9 4 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.12%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.078%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.078%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.039%) ISEB
12 1 (0.039%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (2.33%) QA
2 14 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.23%) GCP
4 2 (0.078%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.078%) PSD2
5 1 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.039%) EMIR
5 1 (0.039%) GDPR
5 1 (0.039%) MiFID
5 1 (0.039%) PMO
5 1 (0.039%) WAI
5 1 (0.039%) WCAG
System Software
1 712 (27.64%) Docker
2 33 (1.28%) HDFS
3 12 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.12%) QEMU
4 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.078%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.039%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.039%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 235 (9.12%) Kubernetes
2 144 (5.59%) Ansible
3 123 (4.77%) Terraform
4 82 (3.18%) Puppet
5 38 (1.48%) Mesos
6 36 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
7 29 (1.13%) Marathon
8 28 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
9 20 (0.78%) Oozie
9 20 (0.78%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.62%) Consul
11 12 (0.47%) Grafana
12 11 (0.43%) Rancher
13 10 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
14 9 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.27%) Kibana
15 7 (0.27%) logstash
16 6 (0.23%) linkerd
17 5 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
17 5 (0.19%) Salt
Vendors
1 258 (10.02%) Oracle
2 63 (2.45%) Google
3 47 (1.82%) IBM
4 40 (1.55%) WSO2
5 36 (1.40%) SAP
6 28 (1.09%) Sybase
7 26 (1.01%) ION Trading
8 22 (0.85%) Atlassian
9 18 (0.70%) TIBCO
10 17 (0.66%) Tableau
11 16 (0.62%) hybris
11 16 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
12 14 (0.54%) Splunk
13 13 (0.50%) Cloudera
13 13 (0.50%) Hortonworks
14 12 (0.47%) Adobe
14 12 (0.47%) Capita
15 11 (0.43%) Red Hat
16 10 (0.39%) AppDynamics
16 10 (0.39%) Microsoft