Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 177 189 110
Rank change year-on-year +12 -79 +11
Contract jobs citing Java 8 712 958 2,326
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.47% 1.43% 2.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.58% 3.50% 5.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 661 739 1,923
Median daily rate £500 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +2.94%
10th Percentile £366 £406 £413
90th Percentile £650 £669 £670
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -7.89% - +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 8 3
Median hourly rate £58.00 £46.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.09% -16.36% +22.22%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +26.09% -16.36% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 19,885 27,371 42,612
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.19% 40.89% 43.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,866 19,161 30,215
Median daily rate £485 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% - +3.26%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £321
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £433 £425
% change year-on-year -1.73% +1.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 462 515 654
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £15.46 £17.21 £17.00
90th Percentile £61.00 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.88% - +6.25%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 602 £500 -9.09% 173
London +4 413 £525 -6.67% 105
UK excluding London +49 230 £438 -7.89% 84
Work from Home -84 186 £495 -12.00% 54
North of England +43 77 £475 -5.00% 16
Yorkshire +38 52 £500 -5.21% 6
Scotland +12 39 £425 -5.56% 10
South East +46 35 £475 +5.56% 13
East of England +77 28 £450 +17.65% 10
Midlands +45 25 £428 -14.40% 20
West Midlands +50 23 £428 -11.06% 15
North West +28 14 £400 -20.00% 9
South West +26 14 £413 -17.50% 7
North East +26 11 £450 +9.76% 1
Northern Ireland +11 8 £432 -6.20% 4
Wales +11 4 £238 -50.00% 4
East Midlands +12 2 £572 -4.67% 5

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 696 (97.75%) Java
2 485 (68.12%) Spring
3 455 (63.90%) Agile Software Development
4 428 (60.11%) Microservices
5 362 (50.84%) Spring Boot
6 258 (36.24%) Jenkins
7 248 (34.83%) AWS
8 230 (32.30%) Docker
9 215 (30.20%) Git (software)
10 211 (29.63%) Kubernetes
11 206 (28.93%) TDD
12 201 (28.23%) Finance
13 195 (27.39%) Maven
14 189 (26.54%) REST
15 174 (24.44%) JavaScript
16 167 (23.46%) Scrum
17 160 (22.47%) BDD
18 158 (22.19%) SQL
19 132 (18.54%) Test Automation
20 125 (17.56%) DevOps
21 123 (17.28%) RESTful
22 114 (16.01%) JIRA
23 112 (15.73%) React
24 110 (15.45%) Banking
25 108 (15.17%) Continuous Integration
26 107 (15.03%) Oracle
27 98 (13.76%) Azure
28 97 (13.62%) Kafka
29 94 (13.20%) Node.js
30 93 (13.06%) AngularJS

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (9.97%) Confluence
2 40 (5.62%) Cloud Foundry
3 27 (3.79%) Apache
3 27 (3.79%) WebLogic
4 25 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 24 (3.37%) Red Hat Fuse
6 20 (2.81%) Camunda
7 17 (2.39%) Mule
8 11 (1.54%) WebSphere
9 8 (1.12%) Oracle Coherence
9 8 (1.12%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.98%) Apache Spark
11 5 (0.70%) JBoss
11 5 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
12 4 (0.56%) GlassFish
12 4 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
13 2 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (0.28%) SharePoint
13 2 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 4 (0.56%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.28%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 3 (0.42%) Adobe Campaign
2 2 (0.28%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 2 (0.28%) RMDS
3 1 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 248 (34.83%) AWS
2 98 (13.76%) Azure
3 62 (8.71%) GitHub
4 51 (7.16%) GCP
5 49 (6.88%) Serverless
6 44 (6.18%) Slack
7 43 (6.04%) AWS Lambda
8 38 (5.34%) OpenShift
9 24 (3.37%) Amazon S3
10 20 (2.81%) PaaS
11 19 (2.67%) IaaS
12 14 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
14 12 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
15 9 (1.26%) Amazon Kinesis
16 7 (0.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 7 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
16 7 (0.98%) SaaS
17 6 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
17 6 (0.84%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.83%) Internet
2 9 (1.26%) HTTP
3 6 (0.84%) Kerberos
3 6 (0.84%) SSL
4 5 (0.70%) DNS
5 4 (0.56%) DSL
5 4 (0.56%) NAS
5 4 (0.56%) VPN
6 3 (0.42%) DMARC
6 3 (0.42%) FTP
6 3 (0.42%) SMS
6 3 (0.42%) SMTP
7 2 (0.28%) LAN
7 2 (0.28%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.14%) ASN.1
8 1 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (8.99%) PostgreSQL
2 57 (8.01%) Relational Database
3 45 (6.32%) MongoDB
4 44 (6.18%) NoSQL
5 28 (3.93%) MySQL
6 19 (2.67%) Oracle Database
7 18 (2.53%) Hazelcast
8 17 (2.39%) SQL Server
9 14 (1.97%) Redis
10 13 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.69%) DB2
12 10 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 10 (1.40%) RDBMS
13 9 (1.26%) Amazon Aurora
13 9 (1.26%) Blockchain
14 6 (0.84%) Big Data
15 5 (0.70%) Couchbase
15 5 (0.70%) Power BI
16 4 (0.56%) Data Lake
16 4 (0.56%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 258 (36.24%) Jenkins
2 215 (30.20%) Git (software)
3 195 (27.39%) Maven
4 114 (16.01%) JIRA
5 84 (11.80%) JUnit
6 51 (7.16%) Sonatype Nexus
7 48 (6.74%) Gradle
8 43 (6.04%) Cucumber
9 42 (5.90%) Mockito
10 33 (4.63%) Selenium
11 26 (3.65%) Android Studio
12 23 (3.23%) IntelliJ
13 21 (2.95%) Ant
13 21 (2.95%) CocoaPods
13 21 (2.95%) Xcode
14 20 (2.81%) Bitbucket
15 16 (2.25%) Eclipse
16 15 (2.11%) SonarQube
17 14 (1.97%) Postman
18 13 (1.83%) JMeter
General
1 201 (28.23%) Finance
2 110 (15.45%) Banking
3 35 (4.92%) Public Sector
4 25 (3.51%) Investment Banking
5 18 (2.53%) Front Office
6 10 (1.40%) Financial Institution
6 10 (1.40%) Retail
7 8 (1.12%) Games
7 8 (1.12%) Retail Banking
8 6 (0.84%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.70%) Advertising
9 5 (0.70%) Marketing
10 4 (0.56%) Billing
11 3 (0.42%) Back Office
11 3 (0.42%) Dutch Language
12 2 (0.28%) Electronics
12 2 (0.28%) French Language
12 2 (0.28%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.28%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.14%) Legal
Job Titles
1 568 (79.78%) Developer
2 479 (67.28%) Java Developer
3 102 (14.33%) Senior Developer
4 89 (12.50%) Senior Java Developer
5 52 (7.30%) Full Stack Developer
6 43 (6.04%) Java Engineer
7 34 (4.78%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 29 (4.07%) AWS Developer
9 20 (2.81%) Architect
9 20 (2.81%) Software Developer
10 16 (2.25%) Java Architect
11 15 (2.11%) Lead Developer
11 15 (2.11%) Technical Leader
12 12 (1.69%) Lead Java Developer
12 12 (1.69%) React Developer
12 12 (1.69%) Solutions Architect
13 11 (1.54%) Java Solutions Architect
14 10 (1.40%) Backend Developer
14 10 (1.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 10 (1.40%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 485 (68.12%) Spring
2 362 (50.84%) Spring Boot
3 189 (26.54%) REST
4 123 (17.28%) RESTful
5 112 (15.73%) React
6 97 (13.62%) Kafka
7 94 (13.20%) Node.js
8 93 (13.06%) AngularJS
9 87 (12.22%) HTML
10 80 (11.24%) JSON
11 68 (9.55%) Hibernate
12 64 (8.99%) Web Services
13 52 (7.30%) JDBC
14 51 (7.16%) HTML5
15 50 (7.02%) Apache Camel
16 49 (6.88%) CSS
17 42 (5.90%) J2EE
18 40 (5.62%) JPA
19 38 (5.34%) JMS
20 36 (5.06%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 49 (6.88%) Mobile App
2 46 (6.46%) User Experience
3 37 (5.20%) Greenfield Project
4 34 (4.78%) Enterprise Software
5 31 (4.35%) Self-Motivation
6 28 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
7 27 (3.79%) Clustering
8 21 (2.95%) Data Structures
9 17 (2.39%) Algorithms
10 14 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 14 (1.97%) Public Cloud
11 13 (1.83%) Equities
12 9 (1.26%) Hybrid Cloud
13 8 (1.12%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.98%) Credit Risk
15 5 (0.70%) Cloud Native
16 4 (0.56%) IVR
16 4 (0.56%) Management Information System
17 3 (0.42%) Derivative
17 3 (0.42%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 83 (11.66%) Linux
2 57 (8.01%) Unix
3 29 (4.07%) Android
4 28 (3.93%) Apple iOS
5 17 (2.39%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.42%) Windows
7 1 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 455 (63.90%) Agile Software Development
2 428 (60.11%) Microservices
3 206 (28.93%) TDD
4 167 (23.46%) Scrum
5 160 (22.47%) BDD
6 132 (18.54%) Test Automation
7 125 (17.56%) DevOps
8 108 (15.17%) Continuous Integration
9 82 (11.52%) OO
10 76 (10.67%) Unit Testing
11 75 (10.53%) Continuous Delivery
12 74 (10.39%) Kanban
13 71 (9.97%) Multithreading
14 63 (8.85%) Software Engineering
15 59 (8.29%) Pair Programming
16 58 (8.15%) SDLC
17 57 (8.01%) Problem-Solving
18 55 (7.72%) Web Development
19 51 (7.16%) Digital Transformation Programme
20 48 (6.74%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 696 (97.75%) Java
2 174 (24.44%) JavaScript
3 158 (22.19%) SQL
4 83 (11.66%) Python
5 73 (10.25%) Kotlin
6 53 (7.44%) PL/SQL
7 50 (7.02%) Scala
8 32 (4.49%) Shell Script
9 29 (4.07%) TypeScript
10 21 (2.95%) Apple Swift
11 20 (2.81%) ES6
12 14 (1.97%) Go
13 12 (1.69%) C++
14 11 (1.54%) Bash Shell
14 11 (1.54%) C#
15 8 (1.12%) Groovy
16 5 (0.70%) Haskell
17 4 (0.56%) XPath
18 3 (0.42%) C
18 3 (0.42%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 74 (10.39%) Security Cleared
2 67 (9.41%) SC Cleared
3 34 (4.78%) Degree
4 25 (3.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (1.97%) Master's Degree
6 9 (1.26%) OCPJP
6 9 (1.26%) Sun Certification
7 6 (0.84%) CTC Cleared
8 3 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.28%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.28%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (3.37%) QA
2 7 (0.98%) Data Quality
2 7 (0.98%) MiFID
3 4 (0.56%) PMO
4 3 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.42%) GDPR
5 1 (0.14%) IFRS
5 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 230 (32.30%) Docker
2 8 (1.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 5 (0.70%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.28%) KVM
Systems Management
1 211 (29.63%) Kubernetes
2 33 (4.63%) Prometheus
3 32 (4.49%) Ansible
4 16 (2.25%) Terraform
5 10 (1.40%) Kibana
6 9 (1.26%) Grafana
7 8 (1.12%) Zipkin
8 5 (0.70%) Rundeck
9 2 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.14%) Knative
10 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.14%) Puppet
10 1 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.14%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 107 (15.03%) Oracle
2 62 (8.71%) Splunk
3 49 (6.88%) AppDynamics
4 33 (4.63%) MuleSoft
5 27 (3.79%) webMethods
6 23 (3.23%) BEA
7 22 (3.09%) Informatica
8 17 (2.39%) Google
9 16 (2.25%) IBM
10 14 (1.97%) Microsoft
11 11 (1.54%) WSO2
12 9 (1.26%) Sun
13 7 (0.98%) Adobe
13 7 (0.98%) TIBCO
14 6 (0.84%) Confluent
15 5 (0.70%) Atlassian
16 4 (0.56%) Apple
16 4 (0.56%) Guidewire
16 4 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
16 4 (0.56%) Talend