Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 209 139 182
Rank change year-on-year -70 +43 -86
Contract jobs citing Java 8 1,100 599 1,312
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 1.89% 1.54%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.29% 4.47% 3.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 806 452 1,010
10th Percentile £425 £375 £413
25th Percentile £481 £431 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £564 £500 £538
Median % change year-on-year +12.75% -6.98% +2.38%
75th Percentile £675 £575 £605
90th Percentile £750 £638 £681
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £488 £475
% change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 1 5
10th Percentile £54.64 " £37.80
25th Percentile £61.50 " £41.25
Median hourly rate £65.50 £42.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +55.95% -16.00% +16.28%
75th Percentile £70.25 " "
90th Percentile £73.11 " £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 - £42.50

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,407 13,409 35,704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.53% 42.31% 42.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,065 9,383 25,048
10th Percentile £363 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £481 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.20% +1.21% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £461 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% - +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 452 278 647
10th Percentile £17.50 £12.35 £19.18
25th Percentile £25.50 £20.28 £33.63
Median hourly rate £45.50 £37.71 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +20.65% -15.25% +5.95%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £68.68 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £37.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year +19.21% -14.20% +3.53%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -66 925 £573 +12.25% 216
London -59 601 £625 +19.05% 135
UK excluding London -83 354 £488 - 97
Work from Home -95 258 £540 +20.00% 64
North of England -95 82 £500 -4.31% 13
Midlands -22 62 £500 +16.82% 15
West Midlands -24 57 £500 +16.82% 12
Scotland -42 50 £450 +1.41% 11
South West -27 47 £488 +12.07% 19
South East -75 47 £497 +1.85% 20
East of England -35 46 £540 +13.68% 11
North West -40 43 £463 -11.90% 11
North East +5 20 £525 +16.67%
Yorkshire -98 19 £505 - 2
Northern Ireland -1 13 £475 +10.14% 1
Wales -23 7 £650 +173.68% 7
East Midlands -33 4 £515 +21.89% 3

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,091 (99.18%) Java
2 799 (72.64%) Spring
3 699 (63.55%) Agile Software Development
4 601 (54.64%) Microservices
5 550 (50.00%) Spring Boot
6 383 (34.82%) Git (software)
7 372 (33.82%) Jenkins
8 353 (32.09%) Finance
9 343 (31.18%) TDD
10 336 (30.55%) SQL
11 335 (30.45%) Maven
12 309 (28.09%) Oracle
12 309 (28.09%) Docker
13 302 (27.45%) Scrum
14 298 (27.09%) AWS
15 260 (23.64%) Java 11
16 247 (22.45%) REST
17 242 (22.00%) BDD
18 231 (21.00%) Banking
19 223 (20.27%) RESTful
20 217 (19.73%) Kubernetes
21 190 (17.27%) Social Skills
22 185 (16.82%) Test Automation
23 184 (16.73%) Multithreading
23 184 (16.73%) JUnit
24 183 (16.64%) JIRA
25 180 (16.36%) Linux
25 180 (16.36%) DevOps
26 171 (15.55%) JavaScript
27 153 (13.91%) Software Engineering

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (11.73%) Confluence
2 57 (5.18%) WebLogic
3 52 (4.73%) Tomcat
4 43 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
5 27 (2.45%) Apache
6 26 (2.36%) Apache Spark
7 25 (2.27%) CMS
8 21 (1.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 20 (1.82%) JBoss
10 10 (0.91%) GemFire
10 10 (0.91%) Red Hat Fuse
11 9 (0.82%) Camunda
11 9 (0.82%) WebSphere
12 8 (0.73%) Headless CMS
13 6 (0.55%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.36%) Apache ServiceMix
14 4 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
14 4 (0.36%) Jetty
14 4 (0.36%) Magnolia
14 4 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 1 (0.091%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.091%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.091%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.091%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.091%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 298 (27.09%) AWS
2 148 (13.45%) Azure
3 74 (6.73%) Serverless
4 68 (6.18%) GitHub
5 61 (5.55%) AWS Lambda
6 54 (4.91%) GCP
7 36 (3.27%) OpenShift
8 25 (2.27%) Amazon S3
9 17 (1.55%) AWS CloudFormation
10 13 (1.18%) PaaS
10 13 (1.18%) SaaS
10 13 (1.18%) Slack
11 12 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
12 10 (0.91%) GitHub Actions
13 9 (0.82%) Amazon ECS
14 7 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 7 (0.64%) Azure Service Bus
15 6 (0.55%) Amazon EKS
15 6 (0.55%) Apigee
15 6 (0.55%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 34 (3.09%) HTTP
2 27 (2.45%) SSL
3 25 (2.27%) TCP/IP
4 12 (1.09%) LAN
5 6 (0.55%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.27%) FTP
6 3 (0.27%) Intranet
6 3 (0.27%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.18%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 117 (10.64%) MySQL
1 117 (10.64%) NoSQL
2 112 (10.18%) Relational Database
3 83 (7.55%) PostgreSQL
4 76 (6.91%) MongoDB
5 71 (6.45%) Oracle Database
6 66 (6.00%) Redis
7 45 (4.09%) SQL Server
8 44 (4.00%) Hazelcast
9 43 (3.91%) BusinessObjects
10 33 (3.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 32 (2.91%) RDBMS
12 30 (2.73%) Big Data
13 23 (2.09%) Apache Cassandra
14 18 (1.64%) DB2
15 17 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
16 15 (1.36%) Apache Hive
16 15 (1.36%) Hadoop
17 14 (1.27%) Oracle Reports
18 12 (1.09%) HBase
Development Applications
1 383 (34.82%) Git (software)
2 372 (33.82%) Jenkins
3 335 (30.45%) Maven
4 184 (16.73%) JUnit
5 183 (16.64%) JIRA
6 134 (12.18%) Mockito
7 97 (8.82%) Cucumber
8 74 (6.73%) Gradle
9 48 (4.36%) Selenium
10 47 (4.27%) Bitbucket
11 41 (3.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 41 (3.73%) IntelliJ
11 41 (3.73%) TeamCity
12 38 (3.45%) Sonatype Nexus
13 32 (2.91%) SonarQube
14 31 (2.82%) GitLab
14 31 (2.82%) Subversion
15 28 (2.55%) Postman
16 27 (2.45%) TestNG
17 25 (2.27%) Hudson
General
1 353 (32.09%) Finance
2 231 (21.00%) Banking
3 190 (17.27%) Social Skills
4 107 (9.73%) Investment Banking
5 61 (5.55%) Front Office
6 58 (5.27%) Public Sector
7 43 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
8 34 (3.09%) Retail
9 20 (1.82%) Manufacturing
10 19 (1.73%) Presentation Skills
11 18 (1.64%) Marketing
12 17 (1.55%) Documentation Skills
13 15 (1.36%) Financial Institution
14 14 (1.27%) Back Office
15 8 (0.73%) Electronics
15 8 (0.73%) Games
16 7 (0.64%) Legal
17 4 (0.36%) Telecoms
18 3 (0.27%) Automotive
18 3 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 916 (83.27%) Developer
2 820 (74.55%) Java Developer
3 223 (20.27%) Senior Developer
4 210 (19.09%) Senior Java Developer
5 68 (6.18%) Java Engineer
6 46 (4.18%) Full Stack Developer
7 40 (3.64%) Core Java Developer
8 32 (2.91%) Software Engineer
9 28 (2.55%) Architect
10 27 (2.45%) Software Developer
11 25 (2.27%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 23 (2.09%) Backend Developer
12 23 (2.09%) Java Software Developer
13 21 (1.91%) Senior Java Engineer
14 20 (1.82%) Java Architect
15 18 (1.64%) Consultant
15 18 (1.64%) Java Consultant
15 18 (1.64%) Senior Consultant
15 18 (1.64%) Senior Java Consultant
16 17 (1.55%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 799 (72.64%) Spring
2 550 (50.00%) Spring Boot
3 247 (22.45%) REST
4 223 (20.27%) RESTful
5 146 (13.27%) JSON
6 140 (12.73%) React
7 139 (12.64%) Kafka
8 138 (12.55%) Web Services
9 130 (11.82%) Hibernate
10 106 (9.64%) JPA
11 103 (9.36%) Apache Camel
12 101 (9.18%) HTML
13 99 (9.00%) AngularJS
14 98 (8.91%) CSS
15 97 (8.82%) XML
16 85 (7.73%) J2EE
17 68 (6.18%) Node.js
18 62 (5.64%) RabbitMQ
19 57 (5.18%) JMS
19 57 (5.18%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 85 (7.73%) Algorithms
2 69 (6.27%) Data Structures
3 62 (5.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 62 (5.64%) Greenfield Project
4 57 (5.18%) Derivative
5 48 (4.36%) Data Protection Act
6 44 (4.00%) User Experience
7 40 (3.64%) Hybrid Cloud
8 36 (3.27%) Mobile App
9 34 (3.09%) Fixed Income
10 22 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
10 22 (2.00%) Public Cloud
11 20 (1.82%) Legacy Systems
12 17 (1.55%) Client/Server
12 17 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
13 16 (1.45%) Social Media
14 13 (1.18%) Cloud Native
15 10 (0.91%) Replication
16 9 (0.82%) Legacy Applications
17 8 (0.73%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 180 (16.36%) Linux
2 137 (12.45%) Unix
3 24 (2.18%) Windows
4 12 (1.09%) Android
4 12 (1.09%) Mac OS X
5 2 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.091%) CentOS
6 1 (0.091%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.091%) Solaris
6 1 (0.091%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 699 (63.55%) Agile Software Development
2 601 (54.64%) Microservices
3 343 (31.18%) TDD
4 302 (27.45%) Scrum
5 242 (22.00%) BDD
6 185 (16.82%) Test Automation
7 184 (16.73%) Multithreading
8 180 (16.36%) DevOps
9 153 (13.91%) Software Engineering
10 131 (11.91%) Problem-Solving
11 129 (11.73%) Pair Programming
12 120 (10.91%) OO
13 108 (9.82%) Kanban
14 98 (8.91%) Continuous Integration
15 94 (8.55%) API Design
16 92 (8.36%) Full Stack Development
16 92 (8.36%) Unit Testing
17 79 (7.18%) Performance Tuning
18 76 (6.91%) MVC
19 75 (6.82%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,091 (99.18%) Java
2 336 (30.55%) SQL
3 260 (23.64%) Java 11
4 171 (15.55%) JavaScript
5 134 (12.18%) PL/SQL
6 84 (7.64%) Shell Script
7 81 (7.36%) Scala
8 53 (4.82%) TypeScript
9 47 (4.27%) Kotlin
10 37 (3.36%) Python
11 25 (2.27%) Haskell
12 19 (1.73%) C++
13 16 (1.45%) Java 9
14 14 (1.27%) Bash Shell
15 12 (1.09%) Groovy
16 10 (0.91%) ES6
17 9 (0.82%) C#
17 9 (0.82%) R
18 8 (0.73%) T-SQL
19 7 (0.64%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 107 (9.73%) Security Cleared
2 105 (9.55%) SC Cleared
3 60 (5.45%) Degree
4 40 (3.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (3.18%) OCPJP
5 35 (3.18%) Sun Certification
6 10 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.27%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.18%) CFA
9 2 (0.18%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.091%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.091%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.091%) ISEB
10 1 (0.091%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.091%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (2.55%) QA
2 17 (1.55%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.27%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.27%) PMO
3 3 (0.27%) SLA
4 2 (0.18%) EMIR
4 2 (0.18%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.18%) MiFID
5 1 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 309 (28.09%) Docker
2 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (0.18%) Postfix
3 1 (0.091%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.091%) HDFS
3 1 (0.091%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 217 (19.73%) Kubernetes
2 112 (10.18%) Ansible
3 46 (4.18%) Terraform
4 45 (4.09%) Kibana
5 14 (1.27%) logstash
5 14 (1.27%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (1.18%) Grafana
7 12 (1.09%) Oozie
8 9 (0.82%) Puppet
9 8 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.64%) Prometheus
11 6 (0.55%) Graphite
12 4 (0.36%) Marathon
12 4 (0.36%) Mesos
13 3 (0.27%) Zipkin
14 2 (0.18%) HP Fortify
14 2 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
15 1 (0.091%) Consul
15 1 (0.091%) Packer
15 1 (0.091%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 309 (28.09%) Oracle
2 49 (4.45%) Informatica
2 49 (4.45%) webMethods
2 49 (4.45%) WSO2
3 47 (4.27%) BEA
4 35 (3.18%) Sun
5 23 (2.09%) Splunk
6 22 (2.00%) Solace
7 21 (1.91%) Adobe
8 20 (1.82%) Microsoft
9 19 (1.73%) Google
10 16 (1.45%) MuleSoft
11 15 (1.36%) Atlassian
12 13 (1.18%) AppDynamics
13 12 (1.09%) Perforce
14 10 (0.91%) Bloomberg
15 9 (0.82%) IBM
16 8 (0.73%) ION Trading
16 8 (0.73%) SAP
17 7 (0.64%) TIBCO