Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 107 194 358
Rank change year-on-year +87 +164 +437
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,273 1,246 720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.28% 1.37% 0.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.26% 3.30% 1.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,863 998 585
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £380 £356 £359
90th Percentile £650 £644 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +3.53% -5.56% +20.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 -
% change year-on-year -5.26% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,184 37,812 40,636
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.30% 41.58% 38.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,114 25,956 27,808
UK median daily rate £460 £438 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.22% +4.17% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £408 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +4.62% +3.87% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 769 814 924
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.13 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.30% +8.22% +8.57%
10th Percentile £16.95 £17.08 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.75 £54.50 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £41.25 £38.00
% change year-on-year -2.42% +8.55% +8.57%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +86 2,132 £513 +2.50% 452
London +53 1,369 £543 +3.33% 248
UK excluding London +107 883 £440 +3.53% 220
North of England +77 288 £425 - 78
South East +89 256 £475 -5.00% 60
Yorkshire +60 147 £425 +0.59% 33
North West +14 112 £438 +2.94% 44
Midlands +39 105 £425 - 17
Scotland -18 74 £420 +20.00% 8
East of England +8 72 £525 - 31
West Midlands +6 58 £400 -9.09% 11
East Midlands +25 46 £475 +18.75% 6
South West +22 43 £438 +2.94% 17
North East +23 30 £400 - 1
Wales +8 25 £513 +2.50% 6
Northern Ireland - 21 £432 - 3

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,256 (99.25%) Java
2 1,434 (63.09%) Agile Software Development
3 1,247 (54.86%) Spring
4 1,064 (46.81%) TDD
5 871 (38.32%) Microservices
6 684 (30.09%) Spring Boot
7 673 (29.61%) Hibernate
8 616 (27.10%) REST
9 599 (26.35%) Maven
10 519 (22.83%) Scrum
10 519 (22.83%) Git (software)
11 517 (22.75%) Docker
12 500 (22.00%) BDD
13 497 (21.87%) JavaScript
14 495 (21.78%) RESTful
15 454 (19.97%) Amazon AWS
16 446 (19.62%) Jenkins
17 417 (18.35%) Finance
18 409 (17.99%) Web Services
19 350 (15.40%) DevOps
20 340 (14.96%) Test Automation
21 331 (14.56%) Kafka
22 322 (14.17%) SQL
23 321 (14.12%) Continuous Integration
24 319 (14.03%) AngularJS
25 307 (13.51%) NoSQL
26 291 (12.80%) PostgreSQL
27 289 (12.71%) OO
28 277 (12.19%) Linux
29 274 (12.05%) Software Engineering

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 174 (7.66%) Elasticsearch
2 123 (5.41%) Tomcat
3 118 (5.19%) Confluence
4 114 (5.02%) Apache
5 86 (3.78%) Apache Spark
6 60 (2.64%) WebSphere
7 54 (2.38%) Apache Solr
8 43 (1.89%) JBoss
9 41 (1.80%) WebLogic
10 35 (1.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 30 (1.32%) Mule
12 28 (1.23%) WildFly
13 25 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
13 25 (1.10%) MQSeries
14 18 (0.79%) CMS
14 18 (0.79%) Oracle Service Bus
15 15 (0.66%) Apache Pig
15 15 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
16 14 (0.62%) Jetty
17 13 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 4 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 27 (1.19%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.044%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.044%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 454 (19.97%) Amazon AWS
2 92 (4.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 46 (2.02%) Heroku
4 38 (1.67%) Amazon S3
5 35 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
6 30 (1.32%) GitHub
6 30 (1.32%) Google Cloud Platform
7 24 (1.06%) npm
8 23 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
9 20 (0.88%) Serverless
10 19 (0.84%) OpenShift
11 17 (0.75%) PaaS
12 14 (0.62%) Yarn
13 11 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
14 10 (0.44%) Slack
15 8 (0.35%) BrowserStack
15 8 (0.35%) Cloud Computing
16 6 (0.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 6 (0.26%) SaaS
16 6 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 86 (3.78%) HTTP
2 58 (2.55%) TCP/IP
3 31 (1.36%) DNS
3 31 (1.36%) FTP
3 31 (1.36%) SSL
4 26 (1.14%) Kerberos
5 11 (0.48%) SMS
6 9 (0.40%) Internet
7 8 (0.35%) Skype
8 4 (0.18%) FIX Connectivity
9 3 (0.13%) DSL
9 3 (0.13%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.088%) Broadband
10 2 (0.088%) RTMP
10 2 (0.088%) SMTP
11 1 (0.044%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 307 (13.51%) NoSQL
2 291 (12.80%) PostgreSQL
3 232 (10.21%) MongoDB
4 203 (8.93%) Relational Database
5 162 (7.13%) Big Data
6 135 (5.94%) MySQL
7 126 (5.54%) RDBMS
8 124 (5.46%) Hadoop
9 101 (4.44%) Apache Cassandra
10 90 (3.96%) SQL Server
11 71 (3.12%) HBase
12 55 (2.42%) Redis
13 54 (2.38%) Apache Hive
14 35 (1.54%) Neo4j
15 32 (1.41%) Couchbase
16 24 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
16 24 (1.06%) Oracle Database
17 19 (0.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 18 (0.79%) KDB
19 15 (0.66%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 599 (26.35%) Maven
2 519 (22.83%) Git (software)
3 446 (19.62%) Jenkins
4 267 (11.75%) JUnit
5 224 (9.85%) JIRA
6 188 (8.27%) Gradle
7 184 (8.10%) Mockito
8 156 (6.86%) Cucumber
9 85 (3.74%) Selenium
10 62 (2.73%) Eclipse
11 57 (2.51%) SonarQube
12 55 (2.42%) IntelliJ
12 55 (2.42%) Liquibase
13 53 (2.33%) Subversion
14 46 (2.02%) Checkstyle
15 44 (1.94%) GitLab
15 44 (1.94%) TeamCity
16 39 (1.72%) Vagrant
17 37 (1.63%) gulp
18 27 (1.19%) Bitbucket
General
1 417 (18.35%) Finance
2 247 (10.87%) Banking
3 121 (5.32%) Front Office
4 110 (4.84%) Investment Banking
5 56 (2.46%) Retail
6 55 (2.42%) Games
7 34 (1.50%) Electronics
8 26 (1.14%) Publishing
9 25 (1.10%) Telecoms
10 21 (0.92%) Marketing
11 19 (0.84%) Manufacturing
12 12 (0.53%) Retail Banking
13 10 (0.44%) Financial Institution
14 8 (0.35%) Advertising
14 8 (0.35%) Law
15 5 (0.22%) Automotive
15 5 (0.22%) Back Office
16 2 (0.088%) French Language
17 1 (0.044%) Private Banking
17 1 (0.044%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 1,927 (84.78%) Developer
2 1,788 (78.66%) Java Developer
3 393 (17.29%) Senior Developer
4 370 (16.28%) Senior Java Developer
5 146 (6.42%) Java Engineer
6 118 (5.19%) Full Stack Developer
7 101 (4.44%) Lead Developer
8 96 (4.22%) Lead Java Developer
9 92 (4.05%) Agile Developer
10 86 (3.78%) Agile Java Developer
11 80 (3.52%) Software Engineer
12 65 (2.86%) AWS Developer
13 63 (2.77%) Java Software Engineer
14 58 (2.55%) Architect
15 55 (2.42%) Senior Java Engineer
16 48 (2.11%) Angular Developer
16 48 (2.11%) Backend Developer
17 47 (2.07%) Electronic Trading Developer
18 45 (1.98%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
19 44 (1.94%) SC Cleared Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,247 (54.86%) Spring
2 684 (30.09%) Spring Boot
3 673 (29.61%) Hibernate
4 616 (27.10%) REST
5 495 (21.78%) RESTful
6 409 (17.99%) Web Services
7 331 (14.56%) Kafka
8 319 (14.03%) AngularJS
9 273 (12.01%) HTML
10 217 (9.55%) CSS
11 203 (8.93%) JSON
12 201 (8.84%) SOAP
13 195 (8.58%) Node.js
14 193 (8.49%) JMS
15 173 (7.61%) React
16 163 (7.17%) JPA
17 161 (7.08%) J2EE
18 157 (6.91%) Java EE
19 152 (6.69%) XML
20 140 (6.16%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 254 (11.17%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (3.21%) Computer Science
3 67 (2.95%) Fintech
4 59 (2.60%) Algorithms
5 58 (2.55%) Enterprise Software
6 54 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 52 (2.29%) Analytical Skills
8 50 (2.20%) User Experience
9 41 (1.80%) Fixed Income
10 40 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
11 38 (1.67%) Derivative
12 32 (1.41%) Mobile App
13 30 (1.32%) Data Structures
14 25 (1.10%) Equities
15 24 (1.06%) Public Cloud
16 16 (0.70%) Online Games
17 15 (0.66%) Equity Derivative
18 13 (0.57%) Self-Motivation
19 9 (0.40%) Credit Risk
19 9 (0.40%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 277 (12.19%) Linux
2 170 (7.48%) Unix
3 30 (1.32%) Windows
4 28 (1.23%) Mac OS X
4 28 (1.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 25 (1.10%) Apple iOS
6 24 (1.06%) VMS
7 20 (0.88%) Android
8 7 (0.31%) Solaris
8 7 (0.31%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.31%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
9 6 (0.26%) HPUX
10 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.088%) CentOS
11 2 (0.088%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (0.088%) Windows 2000
11 2 (0.088%) Windows Vista
12 1 (0.044%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,434 (63.09%) Agile Software Development
2 1,064 (46.81%) TDD
3 871 (38.32%) Microservices
4 519 (22.83%) Scrum
5 500 (22.00%) BDD
6 350 (15.40%) DevOps
7 340 (14.96%) Test Automation
8 321 (14.12%) Continuous Integration
9 289 (12.71%) OO
10 274 (12.05%) Software Engineering
11 259 (11.39%) MVC
12 237 (10.43%) Kanban
13 218 (9.59%) Multithreading
14 178 (7.83%) Pair Programming
15 151 (6.64%) Low Latency
16 146 (6.42%) Open Source
17 132 (5.81%) Continuous Delivery
18 128 (5.63%) Domain-Driven Design
19 120 (5.28%) SDLC
20 119 (5.24%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,256 (99.25%) Java
2 497 (21.87%) JavaScript
3 322 (14.17%) SQL
4 205 (9.02%) Scala
5 133 (5.85%) Python
6 112 (4.93%) Groovy
7 71 (3.12%) TypeScript
8 68 (2.99%) ES6
9 59 (2.60%) Kotlin
10 51 (2.24%) Bash Shell
11 48 (2.11%) Java 9
12 46 (2.02%) Shell Script
13 40 (1.76%) JPQL
13 40 (1.76%) Ruby
14 30 (1.32%) C#
14 30 (1.32%) XPath
15 21 (0.92%) Perl
16 19 (0.84%) C++
17 16 (0.70%) Clojure
17 16 (0.70%) PHP
Qualifications
1 190 (8.36%) Security Cleared
2 167 (7.35%) SC Cleared
3 87 (3.83%) Degree
4 44 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.10%) Master's Degree
6 22 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
7 7 (0.31%) Sun Certification
8 6 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.088%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.088%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.044%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.044%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.044%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (2.51%) QA
2 22 (0.97%) Disclosure Scotland
3 10 (0.44%) GCP
3 10 (0.44%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.18%) PSD2
5 2 (0.088%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.088%) GDPR
6 1 (0.044%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.044%) EMIR
6 1 (0.044%) MiFID
6 1 (0.044%) PMO
6 1 (0.044%) SLA
System Software
1 517 (22.75%) Docker
2 27 (1.19%) HDFS
3 10 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.13%) QEMU
4 3 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.044%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 141 (6.20%) Ansible
1 141 (6.20%) Kubernetes
2 75 (3.30%) Puppet
2 75 (3.30%) Terraform
3 45 (1.98%) Opscode Chef
4 27 (1.19%) Mesos
5 26 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
6 24 (1.06%) Oozie
7 19 (0.84%) Marathon
7 19 (0.84%) Prometheus
8 13 (0.57%) Rancher
9 12 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
10 11 (0.48%) Salt
11 10 (0.44%) Grafana
11 10 (0.44%) Kibana
11 10 (0.44%) logstash
12 9 (0.40%) Consul
13 7 (0.31%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 3 (0.13%) linkerd
Vendors
1 231 (10.16%) Oracle
2 45 (1.98%) Google
3 32 (1.41%) Sybase
4 30 (1.32%) IBM
5 27 (1.19%) ION Trading
6 21 (0.92%) TIBCO
7 19 (0.84%) SAP
8 18 (0.79%) Splunk
8 18 (0.79%) WSO2
9 17 (0.75%) hybris
9 17 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
10 13 (0.57%) AppDynamics
10 13 (0.57%) Atlassian
10 13 (0.57%) Tableau
11 12 (0.53%) Adobe
11 12 (0.53%) FXall
11 12 (0.53%) Reuters
12 11 (0.48%) Hortonworks
12 11 (0.48%) Microsoft
12 11 (0.48%) WorldPay