Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 175 115 119
Rank change year-on-year -60 +4 +101
Contract jobs citing Java 8 913 2,175 2,207
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.50% 2.24% 2.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.71% 5.20% 5.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 680 1,751 1,856
Median daily rate £535 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.90% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £406 £411 £375
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £478 £475 £438
% change year-on-year +0.53% +8.57% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 2
Median hourly rate £44.50 £55.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.09% +22.22% -10.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -16.36% +22.22% -10.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 24,641 41,810 43,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.53% 43.13% 42.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,637 29,180 30,550
Median daily rate £485 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +5.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 564 699 786
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.50 £16.40
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £51.25
Median hourly rate £39.50 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -7.60% +6.88% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -59 840 £550 +3.77% 221
London -40 548 £550 - 147
UK excluding London -62 346 £478 +0.53% 86
North of England -27 96 £500 +5.26% 19
South East -38 87 £450 -5.26% 24
South West +26 59 £500 +5.26% 9
Yorkshire -2 56 £544 +8.75% 11
Scotland -7 39 £450 +5.88% 5
Work from Home -17 36 £540 +8.00% 14
East of England -30 27 £450 -14.29% 11
Midlands +10 25 £450 -4.26% 10
North West -29 24 £500 +11.11% 6
East Midlands +27 17 £511 -11.09% 1
North East +33 16 £430 -9.47% 2
Wales +22 8 £513 +20.94% 1
West Midlands +11 8 £450 - 9
Northern Ireland +9 7 £460 +11.52% 7

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 892 (97.70%) Java
2 600 (65.72%) Agile Software Development
3 584 (63.96%) Spring
4 483 (52.90%) Microservices
5 420 (46.00%) Spring Boot
6 317 (34.72%) TDD
7 298 (32.64%) Docker
8 240 (26.29%) AWS
9 232 (25.41%) REST
10 226 (24.75%) Test Automation
11 214 (23.44%) Scrum
12 199 (21.80%) Jenkins
13 195 (21.36%) Git (software)
13 195 (21.36%) Maven
14 187 (20.48%) RESTful
15 174 (19.06%) Kubernetes
16 168 (18.40%) JavaScript
17 165 (18.07%) BDD
18 163 (17.85%) JUnit
19 160 (17.52%) Finance
20 155 (16.98%) AngularJS
21 151 (16.54%) Security Cleared
21 151 (16.54%) Web Services
22 146 (15.99%) Pair Programming
22 146 (15.99%) DevOps
23 145 (15.88%) React
24 134 (14.68%) Kafka
25 120 (13.14%) SC Cleared
26 118 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
27 117 (12.81%) SQL

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (7.01%) Elasticsearch
2 62 (6.79%) Confluence
3 26 (2.85%) Tomcat
4 23 (2.52%) Camunda
5 18 (1.97%) Apache
5 18 (1.97%) Apache Spark
6 9 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 9 (0.99%) WebLogic
7 8 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (0.88%) Red Hat Fuse
8 7 (0.77%) Mule
8 7 (0.77%) Oracle Service Bus
8 7 (0.77%) SAP EP
8 7 (0.77%) SAP Portal
9 6 (0.66%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.55%) JBoss
10 5 (0.55%) Jetty
10 5 (0.55%) nginx
11 4 (0.44%) CMS
11 4 (0.44%) IIS
Business Applications
1 6 (0.66%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 240 (26.29%) AWS
2 84 (9.20%) Azure
3 29 (3.18%) GCP
3 29 (3.18%) Serverless
4 25 (2.74%) GitHub
5 24 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
5 24 (2.63%) AWS Lambda
6 23 (2.52%) OpenShift
7 17 (1.86%) Amazon S3
8 13 (1.42%) SaaS
9 12 (1.31%) Amazon SQS
10 11 (1.20%) PaaS
11 9 (0.99%) npm
12 8 (0.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (0.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 8 (0.88%) CloudFront
13 6 (0.66%) Power Platform
14 5 (0.55%) Slack
15 4 (0.44%) Amazon Kinesis
15 4 (0.44%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 22 (2.41%) HTTP
2 21 (2.30%) SSL
3 18 (1.97%) DSL
4 16 (1.75%) TCP/IP
5 15 (1.64%) FTP
6 12 (1.31%) DNS
7 6 (0.66%) Ethernet
7 6 (0.66%) HTTPS
7 6 (0.66%) IPv4
7 6 (0.66%) IPv6
7 6 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.44%) DHCP
8 4 (0.44%) IPsec
8 4 (0.44%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.33%) RTMP
10 2 (0.22%) Internet
10 2 (0.22%) Intranet
10 2 (0.22%) SSH
11 1 (0.11%) LAN
11 1 (0.11%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (10.84%) Relational Database
2 90 (9.86%) MongoDB
3 78 (8.54%) MySQL
4 66 (7.23%) NoSQL
5 60 (6.57%) PostgreSQL
6 24 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 23 (2.52%) RDBMS
8 21 (2.30%) Big Data
9 20 (2.19%) SQL Server
10 19 (2.08%) Oracle Database
11 17 (1.86%) Hadoop
12 14 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
12 14 (1.53%) Redis
13 10 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
14 7 (0.77%) DB2
15 6 (0.66%) JasperReports
15 6 (0.66%) Parquet
15 6 (0.66%) Power BI
16 5 (0.55%) Flink
16 5 (0.55%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 199 (21.80%) Jenkins
2 195 (21.36%) Git (software)
2 195 (21.36%) Maven
3 163 (17.85%) JUnit
4 116 (12.71%) Gradle
5 89 (9.75%) JIRA
6 86 (9.42%) Mockito
7 64 (7.01%) Cucumber
8 47 (5.15%) Selenium
9 35 (3.83%) Spock
10 34 (3.72%) GitLab
11 25 (2.74%) IntelliJ
12 24 (2.63%) SoapUI
13 22 (2.41%) Bitbucket
14 21 (2.30%) Eclipse
15 19 (2.08%) Ant
15 19 (2.08%) SonarQube
16 17 (1.86%) WebDriver
17 14 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 14 (1.53%) Postman
General
1 160 (17.52%) Finance
2 96 (10.51%) Banking
3 94 (10.30%) Public Sector
4 40 (4.38%) Investment Banking
5 33 (3.61%) Marketing
6 25 (2.74%) Front Office
7 15 (1.64%) Electronics
7 15 (1.64%) Manufacturing
7 15 (1.64%) Retail
7 15 (1.64%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.20%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.66%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.22%) Corporate Banking
11 2 (0.22%) Games
11 2 (0.22%) Publishing
12 1 (0.11%) Advertising
12 1 (0.11%) Law
12 1 (0.11%) Legal
Job Titles
1 777 (85.10%) Developer
2 660 (72.29%) Java Developer
3 122 (13.36%) Senior Developer
4 106 (11.61%) Senior Java Developer
5 77 (8.43%) AWS Developer
6 74 (8.11%) Full Stack Developer
7 55 (6.02%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 54 (5.91%) Backend Developer
9 52 (5.70%) Java Engineer
10 34 (3.72%) Software Engineer
11 31 (3.40%) React Developer
12 27 (2.96%) Scala Developer
13 26 (2.85%) Agile Developer
13 26 (2.85%) Agile Java Developer
14 19 (2.08%) Digital Developer
14 19 (2.08%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 18 (1.97%) Architect
15 18 (1.97%) Software Developer
16 17 (1.86%) Java Software Engineer
17 15 (1.64%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 584 (63.96%) Spring
2 420 (46.00%) Spring Boot
3 232 (25.41%) REST
4 187 (20.48%) RESTful
5 155 (16.98%) AngularJS
6 151 (16.54%) Web Services
7 145 (15.88%) React
8 134 (14.68%) Kafka
9 105 (11.50%) HTML
10 100 (10.95%) CSS
11 86 (9.42%) Hibernate
12 84 (9.20%) Node.js
13 82 (8.98%) JSON
14 77 (8.43%) SOAP
15 58 (6.35%) JPA
16 57 (6.24%) RabbitMQ
17 49 (5.37%) HTML5
18 44 (4.82%) Vue.js
19 36 (3.94%) J2EE
20 35 (3.83%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 73 (8.00%) Greenfield Project
2 36 (3.94%) Algorithms
3 28 (3.07%) User Experience
4 21 (2.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 21 (2.30%) Semantic Web
5 20 (2.19%) Analytical Skills
5 20 (2.19%) Mobile App
6 18 (1.97%) Data Structures
7 13 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
7 13 (1.42%) Virtual Team
8 10 (1.10%) Fixed Income
9 7 (0.77%) Blog
10 6 (0.66%) Credit Risk
10 6 (0.66%) Market Risk
10 6 (0.66%) Public Cloud
11 5 (0.55%) Derivative
11 5 (0.55%) Equities
11 5 (0.55%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (0.55%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.55%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 116 (12.71%) Linux
2 65 (7.12%) Unix
3 23 (2.52%) Mac OS X
4 8 (0.88%) Android
5 6 (0.66%) Mac OS
6 5 (0.55%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.22%) Debian
8 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.11%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 600 (65.72%) Agile Software Development
2 483 (52.90%) Microservices
3 317 (34.72%) TDD
4 226 (24.75%) Test Automation
5 214 (23.44%) Scrum
6 165 (18.07%) BDD
7 146 (15.99%) DevOps
7 146 (15.99%) Pair Programming
8 118 (12.92%) Continuous Integration
9 94 (10.30%) Software Engineering
10 90 (9.86%) OO
11 81 (8.87%) Kanban
12 80 (8.76%) Open Source
13 64 (7.01%) Continuous Deployment
14 62 (6.79%) Problem-Solving
15 59 (6.46%) Continuous Delivery
16 55 (6.02%) Multithreading
17 54 (5.91%) Unit Testing
18 50 (5.48%) OOP
19 42 (4.60%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 892 (97.70%) Java
2 168 (18.40%) JavaScript
3 117 (12.81%) SQL
4 56 (6.13%) ES6
5 42 (4.60%) Scala
6 37 (4.05%) Groovy
7 33 (3.61%) Bash Shell
7 33 (3.61%) TypeScript
8 29 (3.18%) Python
9 22 (2.41%) Kotlin
10 17 (1.86%) Shell Script
11 14 (1.53%) Clojure
12 13 (1.42%) PL/SQL
13 7 (0.77%) C#
14 5 (0.55%) Apple Swift
14 5 (0.55%) Java 9
14 5 (0.55%) Perl
15 3 (0.33%) R
15 3 (0.33%) Ruby
15 3 (0.33%) XPath
Qualifications
1 151 (16.54%) Security Cleared
2 120 (13.14%) SC Cleared
3 34 (3.72%) Degree
4 33 (3.61%) BPSS Clearance
5 15 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.88%) DV Cleared
6 8 (0.88%) ISEB
6 8 (0.88%) ISTQB
6 8 (0.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 8 (0.88%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.44%) DBS Check
7 4 (0.44%) OCP
7 4 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
8 3 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.11%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.30%) QA
2 4 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
2 4 (0.44%) SEPA
3 3 (0.33%) MiFID
3 3 (0.33%) PMO
4 2 (0.22%) GDPR
4 2 (0.22%) SLA
System Software
1 298 (32.64%) Docker
2 4 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
2 4 (0.44%) Xen
3 1 (0.11%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 174 (19.06%) Kubernetes
2 49 (5.37%) Terraform
3 40 (4.38%) Ansible
4 20 (2.19%) Kibana
5 14 (1.53%) Puppet
6 11 (1.20%) Consul
7 8 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
7 8 (0.88%) Prometheus
8 6 (0.66%) Zipkin
9 4 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.33%) Grafana
11 2 (0.22%) linkerd
11 2 (0.22%) Salt
12 1 (0.11%) Graphite
12 1 (0.11%) logstash
12 1 (0.11%) Marathon
12 1 (0.11%) Mesos
12 1 (0.11%) Oozie
12 1 (0.11%) Rancher
Vendors
1 78 (8.54%) Oracle
2 23 (2.52%) SAP
3 22 (2.41%) Google
3 22 (2.41%) Splunk
4 9 (0.99%) WSO2
5 8 (0.88%) Adobe
5 8 (0.88%) Atlassian
5 8 (0.88%) Microsoft
6 7 (0.77%) IBM
7 6 (0.66%) Apple
8 5 (0.55%) AppDynamics
9 4 (0.44%) PayPal
9 4 (0.44%) VMware
10 3 (0.33%) ION Trading
11 2 (0.22%) GoCardless
11 2 (0.22%) MapR
11 2 (0.22%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.22%) Zuora
12 1 (0.11%) New Relic
12 1 (0.11%) StreamBase