Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 177 94 127
Rank change year-on-year -83 +33 +170
Contract jobs citing Java 8 1,311 2,702 2,004
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.53% 2.64% 2.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.65% 5.94% 4.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,010 2,215 1,600
UK median daily rate £540 £525 £518
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +1.45% +11.89%
10th Percentile £413 £402 £375
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £460 £438
% change year-on-year +3.26% +5.14% -0.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 12 1
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £37.89 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.16% -20.23% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £46.25
90th Percentile £54.00 £57.25 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.25 £39.64 £47.50
% change year-on-year -0.99% -16.54% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,901 45,451 41,212
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.03% 44.47% 41.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,880 31,889 28,571
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £323 £313 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 673 707 788
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.31 £16.25 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.38 £40.50
% change year-on-year +1.46% +4.65% +8.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -88 1,191 £550 +4.76% 364
London -63 768 £575 +4.55% 240
UK excluding London -87 527 £475 +3.26% 149
North of England -59 151 £456 +1.39% 44
South East -50 142 £500 - 39
Scotland +20 90 £450 +5.88% 16
Yorkshire -14 90 £490 +12.00% 23
North West -64 58 £438 -2.78% 19
East of England -43 51 £475 -9.52% 12
South West -8 46 £475 +11.76% 17
Midlands -32 31 £450 - 12
West Midlands -17 24 £450 - 7
Wales +7 11 £415 -11.47% 10
East Midlands +2 7 £519 +15.28% 5
Northern Ireland -4 5 £575 +25.00%
North East -12 2 £386 -3.63% 2

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,299 (99.08%) Java
2 834 (63.62%) Spring
3 826 (63.01%) Agile Software Development
4 623 (47.52%) Microservices
5 554 (42.26%) TDD
6 523 (39.89%) Spring Boot
7 451 (34.40%) Docker
8 368 (28.07%) AWS
9 297 (22.65%) REST
10 296 (22.58%) JavaScript
11 281 (21.43%) BDD
12 277 (21.13%) Jenkins
13 271 (20.67%) DevOps
14 264 (20.14%) Scrum
15 260 (19.83%) Git (software)
16 233 (17.77%) AngularJS
17 232 (17.70%) Finance
18 211 (16.09%) RESTful
19 209 (15.94%) Kubernetes
20 198 (15.10%) Maven
21 195 (14.87%) Kafka
22 193 (14.72%) SQL
23 190 (14.49%) React
24 189 (14.42%) Linux
25 180 (13.73%) Banking
26 176 (13.42%) MongoDB
27 164 (12.51%) Pair Programming
28 162 (12.36%) JUnit
29 159 (12.13%) Hibernate
29 159 (12.13%) Test Automation

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (6.79%) Confluence
2 67 (5.11%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (3.36%) Apache
4 38 (2.90%) JBoss
5 23 (1.75%) Apache Spark
5 23 (1.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 23 (1.75%) WebSphere
6 22 (1.68%) Apache Solr
7 21 (1.60%) Mule
8 20 (1.53%) Oracle Service Bus
9 19 (1.45%) Magnolia
10 17 (1.30%) CMS
11 14 (1.07%) Alfresco
11 14 (1.07%) Tomcat
12 13 (0.99%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
14 8 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 7 (0.53%) Camunda
15 7 (0.53%) WildFly
16 6 (0.46%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.076%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.15%) CSG Singleview
3 2 (0.15%) Magento
4 1 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.076%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.076%) Fredhopper
4 1 (0.076%) Infor M3
4 1 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 368 (28.07%) AWS
2 133 (10.14%) Azure
3 54 (4.12%) GitHub
4 41 (3.13%) GCP
5 38 (2.90%) OpenShift
5 38 (2.90%) Serverless
6 31 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
7 27 (2.06%) Amazon SQS
8 22 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
8 22 (1.68%) Amazon S3
9 18 (1.37%) Slack
10 16 (1.22%) PaaS
11 14 (1.07%) Amazon Kinesis
12 11 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.84%) npm
13 7 (0.53%) Amazon ECS
14 6 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (0.46%) Google Docs
15 5 (0.38%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 5 (0.38%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.91%) FTP
2 24 (1.83%) HTTP
3 16 (1.22%) SSL
4 14 (1.07%) DNS
4 14 (1.07%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.53%) DSL
5 7 (0.53%) Internet
6 6 (0.46%) Kerberos
6 6 (0.46%) Skype
7 2 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.15%) SNMP
7 2 (0.15%) SSH
8 1 (0.076%) Firewall
8 1 (0.076%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (13.42%) MongoDB
2 130 (9.92%) PostgreSQL
3 122 (9.31%) NoSQL
4 67 (5.11%) MySQL
5 62 (4.73%) Relational Database
6 53 (4.04%) Apache Cassandra
6 53 (4.04%) Hadoop
7 45 (3.43%) Big Data
8 40 (3.05%) SQL Server
9 36 (2.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 31 (2.36%) RDBMS
11 30 (2.29%) Oracle Database
12 24 (1.83%) Redis
13 19 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
14 15 (1.14%) HBase
15 12 (0.92%) Neo4j
16 7 (0.53%) InfluxDB
16 7 (0.53%) Oracle OWB
17 6 (0.46%) Oracle Database 11g
18 5 (0.38%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 277 (21.13%) Jenkins
2 260 (19.83%) Git (software)
3 198 (15.10%) Maven
4 162 (12.36%) JUnit
5 144 (10.98%) Mockito
6 126 (9.61%) Cucumber
7 122 (9.31%) JIRA
8 88 (6.71%) Gradle
9 58 (4.42%) Selenium
10 40 (3.05%) IntelliJ
11 39 (2.97%) GitLab
12 37 (2.82%) Sonatype Nexus
13 29 (2.21%) TeamCity
14 28 (2.14%) SonarQube
15 27 (2.06%) Bitbucket
16 24 (1.83%) Eclipse
17 22 (1.68%) Spock
18 18 (1.37%) JMeter
19 15 (1.14%) gulp
19 15 (1.14%) webpack
General
1 232 (17.70%) Finance
2 180 (13.73%) Banking
3 88 (6.71%) Public Sector
4 45 (3.43%) Investment Banking
4 45 (3.43%) Marketing
5 30 (2.29%) Telecoms
6 28 (2.14%) Manufacturing
7 27 (2.06%) Electronics
7 27 (2.06%) Front Office
8 22 (1.68%) Retail
9 16 (1.22%) Financial Institution
10 15 (1.14%) Games
11 7 (0.53%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.31%) Advertising
12 4 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.23%) Legal
14 2 (0.15%) Back Office
14 2 (0.15%) Law
14 2 (0.15%) Publishing
15 1 (0.076%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,123 (85.66%) Developer
2 964 (73.53%) Java Developer
3 212 (16.17%) Senior Developer
4 180 (13.73%) Senior Java Developer
5 160 (12.20%) Full Stack Developer
6 88 (6.71%) React Developer
7 81 (6.18%) AWS Developer
8 62 (4.73%) Java Engineer
9 60 (4.58%) Backend Developer
10 57 (4.35%) Agile Developer
10 57 (4.35%) Agile Java Developer
11 56 (4.27%) Java Developer - Fintech
12 42 (3.20%) Angular Developer
13 35 (2.67%) Software Engineer
14 30 (2.29%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 27 (2.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 26 (1.98%) JavaScript Developer
17 24 (1.83%) Java Software Engineer
18 22 (1.68%) Scala Developer
18 22 (1.68%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 834 (63.62%) Spring
2 523 (39.89%) Spring Boot
3 297 (22.65%) REST
4 233 (17.77%) AngularJS
5 211 (16.09%) RESTful
6 195 (14.87%) Kafka
7 190 (14.49%) React
8 159 (12.13%) Hibernate
9 154 (11.75%) Node.js
10 151 (11.52%) HTML
11 150 (11.44%) JSON
12 140 (10.68%) Web Services
13 123 (9.38%) CSS
14 84 (6.41%) HTML5
15 83 (6.33%) JPA
16 78 (5.95%) SOAP
17 73 (5.57%) JAX-RS
18 59 (4.50%) Apache Camel
19 55 (4.20%) J2EE
20 52 (3.97%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 132 (10.07%) Greenfield Project
2 50 (3.81%) User Experience
3 39 (2.97%) Data Structures
4 36 (2.75%) Mobile App
5 33 (2.52%) Analytical Skills
6 32 (2.44%) Algorithms
7 27 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
8 23 (1.75%) Virtual Team
9 22 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
10 21 (1.60%) Equities
11 20 (1.53%) Client/Server
12 18 (1.37%) Derivative
13 17 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
14 15 (1.14%) Cloud Native
15 13 (0.99%) Mobile Banking
16 9 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 8 (0.61%) Equity Derivative
17 8 (0.61%) Online Games
18 7 (0.53%) Hybrid Cloud
18 7 (0.53%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 189 (14.42%) Linux
2 108 (8.24%) Unix
3 34 (2.59%) Mac OS X
4 21 (1.60%) Apple iOS
5 19 (1.45%) Android
6 7 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (0.53%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.46%) Windows
8 4 (0.31%) CentOS
9 2 (0.15%) Debian
10 1 (0.076%) AIX
10 1 (0.076%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.076%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.076%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 826 (63.01%) Agile Software Development
2 623 (47.52%) Microservices
3 554 (42.26%) TDD
4 281 (21.43%) BDD
5 271 (20.67%) DevOps
6 264 (20.14%) Scrum
7 164 (12.51%) Pair Programming
8 159 (12.13%) Test Automation
9 144 (10.98%) Continuous Integration
10 125 (9.53%) OO
11 113 (8.62%) Kanban
11 113 (8.62%) Software Engineering
12 105 (8.01%) Continuous Delivery
13 87 (6.64%) Open Source
14 84 (6.41%) Fintech
15 77 (5.87%) SOA
15 77 (5.87%) Unit Testing
16 74 (5.64%) MVC
17 69 (5.26%) Problem-Solving
18 66 (5.03%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 1,299 (99.08%) Java
2 296 (22.58%) JavaScript
3 193 (14.72%) SQL
4 97 (7.40%) ES6
5 84 (6.41%) Python
6 67 (5.11%) TypeScript
7 60 (4.58%) Scala
8 40 (3.05%) Groovy
8 40 (3.05%) Kotlin
9 37 (2.82%) Ruby
10 35 (2.67%) Shell Script
11 28 (2.14%) PL/SQL
12 24 (1.83%) C#
13 21 (1.60%) C
14 20 (1.53%) C++
15 19 (1.45%) Perl
16 18 (1.37%) Bash Shell
17 15 (1.14%) Apple Swift
18 14 (1.07%) Java 9
19 13 (0.99%) ES7
Qualifications
1 134 (10.22%) Security Cleared
2 110 (8.39%) SC Cleared
3 42 (3.20%) Degree
4 25 (1.91%) DV Cleared
5 17 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (0.76%) ISEB
6 10 (0.76%) ISTQB
7 7 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 6 (0.46%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
9 5 (0.38%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.23%) BC Cleared
10 3 (0.23%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.15%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.076%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (3.59%) QA
2 7 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.15%) MiFID
4 1 (0.076%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.076%) EMIR
4 1 (0.076%) HL7
4 1 (0.076%) PMO
System Software
1 451 (34.40%) Docker
2 3 (0.23%) HDFS
2 3 (0.23%) OpenAM
3 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.076%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 209 (15.94%) Kubernetes
2 90 (6.86%) Terraform
3 71 (5.42%) Ansible
4 25 (1.91%) Puppet
5 18 (1.37%) Kibana
6 13 (0.99%) linkerd
7 12 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
8 11 (0.84%) Grafana
9 10 (0.76%) Consul
10 9 (0.69%) logstash
10 9 (0.69%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.38%) Mesos
11 5 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
11 5 (0.38%) ZABBIX
12 3 (0.23%) Marathon
13 2 (0.15%) Graphite
13 2 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.15%) Nagios
13 2 (0.15%) Rancher
14 1 (0.076%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 127 (9.69%) Oracle
2 45 (3.43%) Google
3 31 (2.36%) SAP
4 25 (1.91%) WSO2
5 24 (1.83%) Splunk
6 22 (1.68%) Atlassian
7 18 (1.37%) IBM
8 17 (1.30%) MuleSoft
8 17 (1.30%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.30%) Talend
9 16 (1.22%) AppDynamics
10 12 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (0.84%) Adobe
12 9 (0.69%) Sybase
13 7 (0.53%) hybris
13 7 (0.53%) New Relic
14 6 (0.46%) webMethods
15 5 (0.38%) BEA
15 5 (0.38%) Informatica
15 5 (0.38%) Pega