Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 124 107 197
Rank change year-on-year -17 +90 +163
Contract jobs citing Java 8 1,834 2,278 1,248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.02% 2.28% 1.37%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.74% 5.26% 3.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,412 1,866 998
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £381 £357
90th Percentile £670 £650 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 6 1
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.22% -5.26% -
10th Percentile £35.05 £36.13 £46.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +22.22% -5.26% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,682 43,269 37,829
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.63% 43.34% 41.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,795 30,176 25,939
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +5.14% +4.17%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £390
% change year-on-year +4.94% +3.85% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 701 774 814
UK median hourly rate £42.87 £41.00 £41.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.55% -0.30% +6.82%
10th Percentile £18.14 £16.83 £17.08
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.38 £54.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £40.50 £41.25
% change year-on-year +6.17% -1.82% +7.14%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 1,717 £538 +4.88% 229
London -23 1,005 £550 +1.85% 165
UK excluding London +1 815 £475 +8.57% 76
North of England -14 233 £500 +17.65% 24
South East +2 224 £475 - 19
Yorkshire +13 146 £500 +17.65% 5
East of England +42 128 £525 - 12
North West -15 79 £450 +2.86% 18
Scotland +20 74 £450 +8.43% 6
South West -7 70 £475 +8.57% 1
Midlands -31 57 £468 +10.00% 8
West Midlands -19 40 £450 +12.50% 6
East Midlands -5 15 £625 +31.58% 2
Wales +2 14 £415 -12.63% 2
Northern Ireland +3 13 £475 +10.08% 4
North East -7 7 £600 +50.00% 1
Channel Islands - 3 £413 -

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,829 (99.73%) Java
2 1,189 (64.83%) Agile Software Development
3 1,139 (62.10%) Spring
4 868 (47.33%) Microservices
5 830 (45.26%) TDD
6 724 (39.48%) Spring Boot
7 602 (32.82%) Docker
8 508 (27.70%) Amazon AWS
9 431 (23.50%) REST
10 412 (22.46%) RESTful
11 396 (21.59%) JavaScript
12 389 (21.21%) BDD
13 387 (21.10%) Git (software)
14 362 (19.74%) Jenkins
15 355 (19.36%) Finance
15 355 (19.36%) Scrum
16 342 (18.65%) DevOps
17 325 (17.72%) Kubernetes
18 319 (17.39%) Maven
19 311 (16.96%) AngularJS
20 296 (16.14%) Linux
21 286 (15.59%) Banking
22 278 (15.16%) Hibernate
23 275 (14.99%) Test Automation
24 260 (14.18%) Kafka
25 252 (13.74%) SQL
26 250 (13.63%) Web Services
27 243 (13.25%) MongoDB
28 239 (13.03%) Oracle
29 232 (12.65%) JUnit

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (6.92%) Confluence
2 99 (5.40%) Apache
3 97 (5.29%) Elasticsearch
4 74 (4.03%) Mule
5 61 (3.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 57 (3.11%) Oracle Service Bus
7 48 (2.62%) JBoss
8 43 (2.34%) Apache Spark
9 35 (1.91%) Apache Solr
10 31 (1.69%) WebSphere
11 26 (1.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 24 (1.31%) CMS
13 23 (1.25%) Tomcat
14 21 (1.15%) WebLogic
15 20 (1.09%) Magnolia
15 20 (1.09%) Oracle Coherence
16 16 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
16 16 (0.87%) WildFly
17 11 (0.60%) Alfresco
18 10 (0.55%) MQSeries
Applications
1 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.16%) Infor M3
1 3 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
1 3 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
1 3 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.11%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.11%) Magento
3 1 (0.055%) Actimize
3 1 (0.055%) CSG Singleview
3 1 (0.055%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.055%) Fredhopper
Cloud Services
1 508 (27.70%) Amazon AWS
2 162 (8.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 69 (3.76%) GitHub
4 58 (3.16%) Amazon SQS
5 55 (3.00%) Serverless
6 54 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
7 49 (2.67%) Amazon EC2
8 48 (2.62%) Amazon S3
9 40 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
10 37 (2.02%) Google Cloud Platform
11 34 (1.85%) Slack
12 31 (1.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 28 (1.53%) OpenShift
14 23 (1.25%) AWS CloudTrail
15 22 (1.20%) Amazon Glacier
15 22 (1.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 18 (0.98%) PaaS
17 17 (0.93%) Apigee
18 15 (0.82%) Amazon ECS
19 10 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 36 (1.96%) HTTP
2 21 (1.15%) SSL
3 18 (0.98%) DNS
3 18 (0.98%) TCP/IP
4 17 (0.93%) FTP
5 14 (0.76%) Kerberos
6 7 (0.38%) AMQP
6 7 (0.38%) Internet
7 6 (0.33%) Skype
8 5 (0.27%) DSL
9 4 (0.22%) ATM
9 4 (0.22%) SNMP
10 3 (0.16%) SSH
11 1 (0.055%) Firewall
11 1 (0.055%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.055%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 243 (13.25%) MongoDB
2 200 (10.91%) NoSQL
3 159 (8.67%) PostgreSQL
4 104 (5.67%) Big Data
5 99 (5.40%) Relational Database
6 92 (5.02%) MySQL
7 78 (4.25%) Hadoop
8 76 (4.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 68 (3.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 53 (2.89%) Oracle Database
11 46 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
12 43 (2.34%) Redis
13 42 (2.29%) RDBMS
14 35 (1.91%) SQL Server
15 26 (1.42%) HBase
16 25 (1.36%) Neo4j
17 22 (1.20%) Hazelcast
18 16 (0.87%) Apache Ignite
19 14 (0.76%) Couchbase
20 10 (0.55%) Oracle OWB
Development Applications
1 387 (21.10%) Git (software)
2 362 (19.74%) Jenkins
3 319 (17.39%) Maven
4 232 (12.65%) JUnit
5 196 (10.69%) Mockito
6 167 (9.11%) JIRA
7 146 (7.96%) Cucumber
8 94 (5.13%) Selenium
9 91 (4.96%) Gradle
10 66 (3.60%) Sonatype Nexus
11 57 (3.11%) IntelliJ
12 49 (2.67%) Spock
13 48 (2.62%) GitLab
14 37 (2.02%) SonarQube
15 33 (1.80%) Vagrant
16 32 (1.74%) Eclipse
17 31 (1.69%) Bitbucket
18 26 (1.42%) Subversion
19 23 (1.25%) SoapUI
19 23 (1.25%) TeamCity
General
1 355 (19.36%) Finance
2 286 (15.59%) Banking
3 102 (5.56%) Marketing
4 71 (3.87%) Manufacturing
5 69 (3.76%) Telecoms
6 68 (3.71%) Investment Banking
7 67 (3.65%) Electronics
8 44 (2.40%) Front Office
9 41 (2.24%) Retail
10 20 (1.09%) Financial Institution
11 17 (0.93%) Legal
12 10 (0.55%) Games
12 10 (0.55%) Retail Banking
13 7 (0.38%) Back Office
13 7 (0.38%) Law
14 4 (0.22%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.11%) Publishing
16 1 (0.055%) Automotive
16 1 (0.055%) Billing
16 1 (0.055%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,559 (85.01%) Developer
2 1,382 (75.35%) Java Developer
3 315 (17.18%) Senior Developer
4 291 (15.87%) Senior Java Developer
5 168 (9.16%) Full Stack Developer
6 109 (5.94%) AWS Developer
7 98 (5.34%) Java Engineer
8 67 (3.65%) Agile Developer
9 65 (3.54%) Agile Java Developer
10 59 (3.22%) Java Developer - Fintech
10 59 (3.22%) React Developer
11 58 (3.16%) Backend Developer
12 51 (2.78%) Angular Developer
13 46 (2.51%) Lead Developer
14 41 (2.24%) Lead Java Developer
15 38 (2.07%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 38 (2.07%) Software Engineer
16 33 (1.80%) Java Software Engineer
16 33 (1.80%) Tester
17 32 (1.74%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,139 (62.10%) Spring
2 724 (39.48%) Spring Boot
3 431 (23.50%) REST
4 412 (22.46%) RESTful
5 311 (16.96%) AngularJS
6 278 (15.16%) Hibernate
7 260 (14.18%) Kafka
8 250 (13.63%) Web Services
9 223 (12.16%) HTML
10 217 (11.83%) Node.js
11 204 (11.12%) JSON
11 204 (11.12%) React
12 202 (11.01%) CSS
13 185 (10.09%) SOAP
14 130 (7.09%) JMS
15 125 (6.82%) JAX-RS
16 114 (6.22%) Apache Camel
17 111 (6.05%) HTML5
18 110 (6.00%) JPA
19 106 (5.78%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 187 (10.20%) Greenfield Project
2 76 (4.14%) User Experience
3 58 (3.16%) Mobile App
4 48 (2.62%) Data Structures
5 41 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 39 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
6 39 (2.13%) Virtual Team
7 37 (2.02%) Algorithms
7 37 (2.02%) Analytical Skills
8 31 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
9 28 (1.53%) Derivative
10 20 (1.09%) Hybrid Cloud
10 20 (1.09%) Mobile Banking
11 19 (1.04%) Client/Server
11 19 (1.04%) Fixed Income
12 17 (0.93%) Credit Risk
13 16 (0.87%) Cloud Native
14 13 (0.71%) Linux Command Line
15 12 (0.65%) Equities
16 11 (0.60%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 296 (16.14%) Linux
2 185 (10.09%) Unix
3 68 (3.71%) Mac OS X
4 32 (1.74%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.20%) VMS
6 21 (1.15%) Android
7 13 (0.71%) Windows
8 12 (0.65%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.44%) CentOS
10 6 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.055%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.055%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.055%) Mesosphere
11 1 (0.055%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,189 (64.83%) Agile Software Development
2 868 (47.33%) Microservices
3 830 (45.26%) TDD
4 389 (21.21%) BDD
5 355 (19.36%) Scrum
6 342 (18.65%) DevOps
7 275 (14.99%) Test Automation
8 207 (11.29%) Pair Programming
9 194 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
10 176 (9.60%) Kanban
11 147 (8.02%) Continuous Deployment
12 146 (7.96%) OO
13 123 (6.71%) Software Engineering
14 119 (6.49%) MVC
15 115 (6.27%) Open Source
15 115 (6.27%) SOA
16 108 (5.89%) Continuous Delivery
17 102 (5.56%) Web Development
18 100 (5.45%) Fintech
19 96 (5.23%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,829 (99.73%) Java
2 396 (21.59%) JavaScript
3 252 (13.74%) SQL
4 127 (6.92%) ES6
5 113 (6.16%) Python
6 75 (4.09%) Scala
7 74 (4.03%) Bash Shell
8 49 (2.67%) TypeScript
9 47 (2.56%) PL/SQL
10 37 (2.02%) Ruby
11 31 (1.69%) Kotlin
12 25 (1.36%) C
13 24 (1.31%) Groovy
13 24 (1.31%) Java 9
14 21 (1.15%) Apple Swift
14 21 (1.15%) Shell Script
15 19 (1.04%) C++
16 18 (0.98%) C#
16 18 (0.98%) PHP
17 17 (0.93%) ES7
Qualifications
1 172 (9.38%) Security Cleared
2 138 (7.52%) SC Cleared
3 44 (2.40%) Degree
4 34 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
5 22 (1.20%) DV Cleared
6 19 (1.04%) CTC Cleared
6 19 (1.04%) DBS Check
7 13 (0.71%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (0.55%) ISEB
8 10 (0.55%) ISTQB
8 10 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.22%) Sun Certification
10 3 (0.16%) BC Cleared
10 3 (0.16%) OCPJP
11 2 (0.11%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.11%) OCA
11 2 (0.11%) OCAJ
11 2 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.055%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (4.63%) QA
2 22 (1.20%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.82%) Disclosure Scotland
4 10 (0.55%) PSD2
5 5 (0.27%) HL7
6 3 (0.16%) MiFID
6 3 (0.16%) SLA
7 2 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.11%) EMIR
8 1 (0.055%) PMO
System Software
1 602 (32.82%) Docker
2 7 (0.38%) HDFS
3 4 (0.22%) OpenAM
3 4 (0.22%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.055%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 325 (17.72%) Kubernetes
2 133 (7.25%) Ansible
3 129 (7.03%) Terraform
4 52 (2.84%) Puppet
5 31 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (1.04%) logstash
7 16 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
7 16 (0.87%) Kibana
8 14 (0.76%) Mesos
9 12 (0.65%) Marathon
10 11 (0.60%) Rancher
11 9 (0.49%) linkerd
12 8 (0.44%) Nagios
13 7 (0.38%) Consul
13 7 (0.38%) ZABBIX
14 6 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
14 6 (0.33%) Prometheus
15 5 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
16 3 (0.16%) Istio
16 3 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 239 (13.03%) Oracle
2 70 (3.82%) SAP
3 59 (3.22%) WSO2
4 40 (2.18%) Google
5 34 (1.85%) Talend
6 30 (1.64%) Splunk
7 28 (1.53%) MuleSoft
8 27 (1.47%) Adobe
9 25 (1.36%) AppDynamics
10 22 (1.20%) Atlassian
11 15 (0.82%) IBM
12 12 (0.65%) hybris
12 12 (0.65%) Red Hat
12 12 (0.65%) Zend
13 9 (0.49%) Hortonworks
13 9 (0.49%) Microsoft
14 8 (0.44%) BEA
14 8 (0.44%) Pega
14 8 (0.44%) Sybase
14 8 (0.44%) webMethods