Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 90 121 290
Rank change year-on-year +31 +169 +400
Contract jobs citing Java 8 2,754 2,081 964
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.66% 2.08% 0.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.98% 4.95% 2.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,267 1,669 810
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.70% +1.35%
10th Percentile £406 £375 £355
90th Percentile £650 £650 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £438 £438
% change year-on-year +5.71% - +12.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 1 0
UK median hourly rate £37.89 £47.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.23% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.64 £47.50 -
% change year-on-year -16.54% - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,070 42,027 42,271
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.53% 41.94% 40.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,344 29,216 29,052
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £306 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £418 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +4.38% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 698 790 895
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.26%
10th Percentile £16.25 £15.98 £14.18
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.27 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.36% +8.00% +0.07%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 2,594 £525 - 602
London +19 1,674 £550 +2.33% 373
UK excluding London +48 1,056 £463 +5.71% 264
North of England +49 353 £450 +5.88% 97
South East +54 276 £500 - 70
North West +50 170 £453 +0.56% 58
Yorkshire +22 148 £438 +5.42% 31
East of England +97 134 £525 - 22
Midlands +40 110 £450 -11.11% 22
Scotland -42 89 £425 +13.33% 22
West Midlands +12 80 £450 -13.46% 10
South West -13 47 £438 +2.94% 18
North East +24 35 £400 -3.03% 8
Wales -47 34 £481 -8.33% 8
East Midlands +28 29 £422 -16.64% 12
Northern Ireland +40 13 £460 +22.67% 5

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,730 (99.13%) Java
2 1,734 (62.96%) Agile Software Development
3 1,673 (60.75%) Spring
4 1,287 (46.73%) Microservices
5 1,206 (43.79%) TDD
6 1,116 (40.52%) Spring Boot
7 814 (29.56%) Docker
8 742 (26.94%) Hibernate
9 692 (25.13%) Maven
10 689 (25.02%) REST
11 649 (23.57%) Git (software)
12 622 (22.59%) RESTful
12 622 (22.59%) JavaScript
13 611 (22.19%) Amazon AWS
14 576 (20.92%) BDD
15 552 (20.04%) Jenkins
16 524 (19.03%) DevOps
17 512 (18.59%) Web Services
18 479 (17.39%) Scrum
19 463 (16.81%) Finance
20 434 (15.76%) Kafka
21 403 (14.63%) Test Automation
21 403 (14.63%) AngularJS
22 388 (14.09%) Greenfield Project
23 371 (13.47%) NoSQL
24 367 (13.33%) SQL
25 339 (12.31%) Continuous Integration
26 330 (11.98%) JIRA
27 321 (11.66%) JUnit
27 321 (11.66%) PostgreSQL

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 201 (7.30%) Elasticsearch
2 200 (7.26%) Confluence
3 128 (4.65%) Apache Spark
4 106 (3.85%) Apache
5 93 (3.38%) Tomcat
6 81 (2.94%) WebSphere
7 65 (2.36%) MQSeries
8 62 (2.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 60 (2.18%) Mule
10 58 (2.11%) WildFly
11 48 (1.74%) Oracle Service Bus
12 44 (1.60%) Apache Solr
13 33 (1.20%) JBoss
14 30 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
14 30 (1.09%) WebLogic
15 28 (1.02%) CMS
16 16 (0.58%) Jetty
17 13 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 12 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
18 12 (0.44%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (0.073%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.036%) InVision
2 1 (0.036%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (0.69%) ION MarketView
2 5 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
3 4 (0.15%) Fredhopper
4 2 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.036%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 611 (22.19%) Amazon AWS
2 133 (4.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 52 (1.89%) GitHub
4 46 (1.67%) Google Cloud Platform
5 45 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
6 43 (1.56%) Serverless
7 38 (1.38%) Heroku
8 37 (1.34%) PaaS
9 36 (1.31%) Amazon SQS
10 34 (1.23%) Amazon S3
11 29 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
12 22 (0.80%) SaaS
13 21 (0.76%) OpenShift
14 20 (0.73%) npm
15 14 (0.51%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 13 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 13 (0.47%) Yarn
17 12 (0.44%) Amazon Kinesis
18 11 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
18 11 (0.40%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 76 (2.76%) HTTP
2 49 (1.78%) TCP/IP
3 35 (1.27%) SSL
4 33 (1.20%) DNS
4 33 (1.20%) FTP
5 23 (0.84%) Kerberos
6 6 (0.22%) SMS
7 5 (0.18%) Internet
8 3 (0.11%) Cisco Nexus
8 3 (0.11%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.073%) FIX Connectivity
9 2 (0.073%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.073%) RTMP
9 2 (0.073%) Skype
10 1 (0.036%) AMQP
10 1 (0.036%) DSL
10 1 (0.036%) OpenFlow
Database & Business Intelligence
1 371 (13.47%) NoSQL
2 321 (11.66%) PostgreSQL
3 293 (10.64%) MongoDB
4 241 (8.75%) Relational Database
5 191 (6.94%) Apache Cassandra
6 177 (6.43%) Big Data
7 170 (6.17%) Hadoop
8 153 (5.56%) MySQL
8 153 (5.56%) RDBMS
9 110 (3.99%) SQL Server
10 90 (3.27%) HBase
11 80 (2.90%) Redis
12 70 (2.54%) Couchbase
13 59 (2.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 44 (1.60%) Apache Hive
15 39 (1.42%) Oracle Database
16 24 (0.87%) Impala
17 21 (0.76%) Riak
18 16 (0.58%) Amazon RDS
18 16 (0.58%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 692 (25.13%) Maven
2 649 (23.57%) Git (software)
3 552 (20.04%) Jenkins
4 330 (11.98%) JIRA
5 321 (11.66%) JUnit
6 219 (7.95%) Gradle
7 172 (6.25%) Mockito
8 170 (6.17%) Cucumber
9 121 (4.39%) Selenium
10 112 (4.07%) IntelliJ
11 80 (2.90%) SonarQube
12 79 (2.87%) Vagrant
13 78 (2.83%) Liquibase
14 76 (2.76%) Checkstyle
15 68 (2.47%) Subversion
16 49 (1.78%) GitLab
17 41 (1.49%) TeamCity
18 40 (1.45%) Eclipse
19 36 (1.31%) gulp
20 35 (1.27%) JMeter
General
1 463 (16.81%) Finance
2 262 (9.51%) Banking
3 110 (3.99%) Games
4 97 (3.52%) Front Office
5 92 (3.34%) Investment Banking
6 75 (2.72%) Retail
7 74 (2.69%) Telecoms
8 56 (2.03%) Marketing
9 43 (1.56%) Manufacturing
10 41 (1.49%) Electronics
11 17 (0.62%) Financial Institution
12 12 (0.44%) Publishing
13 10 (0.36%) Law
14 9 (0.33%) Automotive
14 9 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.29%) Advertising
16 6 (0.22%) Back Office
17 4 (0.15%) Legal
17 4 (0.15%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.15%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,306 (83.73%) Developer
2 2,137 (77.60%) Java Developer
3 421 (15.29%) Senior Developer
4 391 (14.20%) Senior Java Developer
5 206 (7.48%) Java Engineer
6 156 (5.66%) Agile Developer
7 153 (5.56%) Full Stack Developer
8 150 (5.45%) AWS Developer
9 144 (5.23%) Lead Developer
10 143 (5.19%) Lead Java Developer
11 139 (5.05%) Agile Java Developer
12 109 (3.96%) Software Engineer
13 92 (3.34%) Backend Developer
14 87 (3.16%) Angular Developer
15 82 (2.98%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 79 (2.87%) Java Software Engineer
17 63 (2.29%) Senior Java Engineer
18 59 (2.14%) React Developer
19 56 (2.03%) Architect
20 49 (1.78%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,673 (60.75%) Spring
2 1,116 (40.52%) Spring Boot
3 742 (26.94%) Hibernate
4 689 (25.02%) REST
5 622 (22.59%) RESTful
6 512 (18.59%) Web Services
7 434 (15.76%) Kafka
8 403 (14.63%) AngularJS
9 281 (10.20%) HTML
10 254 (9.22%) JMS
11 245 (8.90%) Node.js
12 242 (8.79%) React
13 231 (8.39%) CSS
14 209 (7.59%) JSON
15 208 (7.55%) SOAP
16 194 (7.04%) Apache Camel
17 167 (6.06%) Spring MVC
18 152 (5.52%) Dropwizard
19 145 (5.27%) RabbitMQ
20 141 (5.12%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 388 (14.09%) Greenfield Project
2 113 (4.10%) Fintech
3 92 (3.34%) Computer Science
4 63 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
4 63 (2.29%) Linux Command Line
5 57 (2.07%) User Experience
6 53 (1.92%) Fixed Income
7 52 (1.89%) Analytical Skills
8 48 (1.74%) Equities
9 47 (1.71%) Mobile App
10 45 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 44 (1.60%) Algorithms
12 34 (1.23%) Data Structures
13 27 (0.98%) Derivative
14 23 (0.84%) Public Cloud
15 20 (0.73%) Online Games
16 19 (0.69%) Cloud Native
17 14 (0.51%) Wiki
18 13 (0.47%) Grid Computing
19 11 (0.40%) Minimum Viable Product
Operating Systems
1 238 (8.64%) Linux
2 213 (7.73%) Unix
3 66 (2.40%) VMS
4 29 (1.05%) Apple iOS
5 12 (0.44%) Android
6 8 (0.29%) Windows
7 6 (0.22%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.18%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.073%) CentOS
10 2 (0.073%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.073%) Oracle Linux
10 2 (0.073%) Solaris
11 1 (0.036%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,734 (62.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1,287 (46.73%) Microservices
3 1,206 (43.79%) TDD
4 576 (20.92%) BDD
5 524 (19.03%) DevOps
6 479 (17.39%) Scrum
7 403 (14.63%) Test Automation
8 339 (12.31%) Continuous Integration
9 320 (11.62%) Software Engineering
10 280 (10.17%) OO
11 273 (9.91%) MVC
12 240 (8.71%) Kanban
13 213 (7.73%) Pair Programming
14 205 (7.44%) SOA
15 171 (6.21%) Multithreading
16 164 (5.95%) Domain-Driven Design
17 155 (5.63%) Open Source
18 139 (5.05%) Low Latency
19 138 (5.01%) Continuous Delivery
20 114 (4.14%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,730 (99.13%) Java
2 622 (22.59%) JavaScript
3 367 (13.33%) SQL
4 192 (6.97%) Scala
5 125 (4.54%) Python
6 114 (4.14%) Java 9
7 96 (3.49%) ES6
8 91 (3.30%) Groovy
9 64 (2.32%) JPQL
10 63 (2.29%) TypeScript
11 56 (2.03%) Kotlin
12 34 (1.23%) Shell Script
13 33 (1.20%) PL/SQL
14 32 (1.16%) C#
14 32 (1.16%) PHP
15 29 (1.05%) XPath
16 27 (0.98%) Bash Shell
17 21 (0.76%) Clojure
18 17 (0.62%) Ruby
19 13 (0.47%) Perl
Qualifications
1 230 (8.35%) Security Cleared
2 202 (7.33%) SC Cleared
3 93 (3.38%) Degree
4 59 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.33%) DBS Check
6 9 (0.33%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.15%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.15%) BC Cleared
7 4 (0.15%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.11%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.11%) Sun Certification
9 2 (0.073%) ISEB
9 2 (0.073%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.036%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.036%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.036%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.036%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.036%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (2.25%) QA
2 8 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.036%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.036%) GDPR
3 1 (0.036%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.036%) PMO
3 1 (0.036%) PSD2
3 1 (0.036%) WAI
3 1 (0.036%) WCAG
System Software
1 814 (29.56%) Docker
2 28 (1.02%) HDFS
3 10 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.11%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.073%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.073%) vCloud
6 1 (0.036%) KVM
6 1 (0.036%) LXC
6 1 (0.036%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.036%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 274 (9.95%) Kubernetes
2 154 (5.59%) Ansible
3 134 (4.87%) Terraform
4 79 (2.87%) Puppet
5 57 (2.07%) Mesos
6 48 (1.74%) Opscode Chef
7 45 (1.63%) Marathon
8 28 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
9 17 (0.62%) Prometheus
10 15 (0.54%) Grafana
11 13 (0.47%) Consul
11 13 (0.47%) Kibana
11 13 (0.47%) linkerd
11 13 (0.47%) logstash
12 12 (0.44%) Oozie
13 8 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
13 8 (0.29%) Rancher
14 4 (0.15%) Istio
15 2 (0.073%) HP Fortify
15 2 (0.073%) Packer
Vendors
1 275 (9.99%) Oracle
2 78 (2.83%) Google
3 52 (1.89%) WSO2
4 41 (1.49%) SAP
5 34 (1.23%) Atlassian
6 31 (1.13%) IBM
7 19 (0.69%) ION Trading
7 19 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (0.62%) Adobe
9 16 (0.58%) Splunk
10 15 (0.54%) MuleSoft
10 15 (0.54%) Pega
11 14 (0.51%) Sybase
11 14 (0.51%) Tableau
12 13 (0.47%) AppDynamics
13 12 (0.44%) Microsoft
13 12 (0.44%) Red Hat
14 11 (0.40%) Apple
14 11 (0.40%) Hortonworks
15 10 (0.36%) Cloudera