Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 207 139 146
Rank change year-on-year -68 +7 -35
Contract jobs citing Java 8 937 664 1,720
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 1.83% 1.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.25% 4.44% 4.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 653 495 1,339
10th Percentile £417 £400 £413
25th Percentile £473 £451 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £520 £538
Median % change year-on-year +5.77% -3.26% +4.88%
75th Percentile £650 £591 £606
90th Percentile £725 £638 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £488 £485
% change year-on-year - +0.52% +7.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 5 10
10th Percentile £56.50 £38.15 £40.68
25th Percentile £61.50 £38.76 £50.63
Median hourly rate £65.52 £46.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +42.43% -16.36% +22.22%
75th Percentile £71.96 £58.00 £60.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £59.95 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.52 £43.59 £55.00
% change year-on-year +50.32% -20.75% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,875 14,970 38,884
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 41.21% 42.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,463 10,548 27,180
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
75th Percentile £608 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 466 275 655
10th Percentile £16.00 £16.50 £20.23
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.00 £33.63
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -5.56% +11.11%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £50.94
90th Percentile £65.25 £57.80 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -1.18% -5.56% +10.77%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -69 825 £550 +4.76% 226
London -42 559 £600 +9.09% 141
UK excluding London -44 286 £488 - 95
Work from Home -130 207 £525 +5.00% 60
North of England -71 64 £513 -2.38% 26
South East -43 52 £492 +6.38% 18
Midlands +1 50 £450 +5.82% 16
West Midlands +8 48 £450 +5.14% 13
East of England -22 45 £509 +7.11% 10
Scotland -22 43 £438 +14.75% 5
South West -19 25 £488 -2.50% 12
North West -31 25 £525 - 17
Yorkshire -60 20 £500 -2.91% 5
North East +5 19 £525 +13.51% 4
Wales - 4 £675 - 4
Northern Ireland -9 3 £475 +10.21% 4
East Midlands -19 2 £435 +2.96% 3

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 929 (99.15%) Java
2 658 (70.22%) Spring
3 584 (62.33%) Agile Software Development
4 510 (54.43%) Microservices
5 433 (46.21%) Spring Boot
6 318 (33.94%) Jenkins
7 296 (31.59%) Finance
8 291 (31.06%) Maven
9 282 (30.10%) AWS
10 281 (29.99%) Git (software)
11 265 (28.28%) Docker
12 263 (28.07%) TDD
13 262 (27.96%) SQL
14 251 (26.79%) Oracle
15 242 (25.83%) REST
16 230 (24.55%) Scrum
17 199 (21.24%) Banking
18 197 (21.02%) Kubernetes
19 194 (20.70%) BDD
20 181 (19.32%) RESTful
21 172 (18.36%) JavaScript
22 171 (18.25%) Java 11
23 168 (17.93%) Linux
24 166 (17.72%) DevOps
25 160 (17.08%) Social Skills
26 158 (16.86%) JUnit
27 151 (16.12%) Multithreading
28 150 (16.01%) JIRA
29 142 (15.15%) Azure
30 133 (14.19%) Test Automation

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (9.93%) Confluence
2 46 (4.91%) WebLogic
3 40 (4.27%) Tomcat
4 33 (3.52%) Apache
5 28 (2.99%) Apache Spark
5 28 (2.99%) Elasticsearch
6 14 (1.49%) Red Hat Fuse
7 11 (1.17%) CMS
7 11 (1.17%) GemFire
7 11 (1.17%) JBoss
8 10 (1.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 8 (0.85%) Camunda
9 8 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (0.75%) Oracle Workflow
11 6 (0.64%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.53%) Mule
13 4 (0.43%) Headless CMS
13 4 (0.43%) Jetty
13 4 (0.43%) Oracle Coherence
14 3 (0.32%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.53%) Adobe Campaign
2 3 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 282 (30.10%) AWS
2 142 (15.15%) Azure
3 73 (7.79%) Serverless
4 61 (6.51%) AWS Lambda
5 49 (5.23%) GCP
6 45 (4.80%) GitHub
7 43 (4.59%) OpenShift
8 35 (3.74%) Amazon S3
9 20 (2.13%) PaaS
10 14 (1.49%) Amazon EC2
10 14 (1.49%) SaaS
10 14 (1.49%) Slack
11 11 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
11 11 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
12 9 (0.96%) Amazon ECS
13 7 (0.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 7 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
13 7 (0.75%) IaaS
14 6 (0.64%) Amazon EKS
15 5 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.42%) SSL
2 28 (2.99%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.49%) HTTP
4 13 (1.39%) LAN
5 7 (0.75%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.53%) DMARC
6 5 (0.53%) DNS
6 5 (0.53%) SMS
6 5 (0.53%) SMTP
7 4 (0.43%) VPN
8 3 (0.32%) Internet
9 2 (0.21%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.21%) Intranet
9 2 (0.21%) WebEx
10 1 (0.11%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (9.18%) Relational Database
2 83 (8.86%) PostgreSQL
3 81 (8.64%) NoSQL
4 66 (7.04%) MongoDB
5 59 (6.30%) Redis
6 52 (5.55%) SQL Server
7 51 (5.44%) MySQL
8 40 (4.27%) Oracle Database
9 39 (4.16%) Hazelcast
10 33 (3.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 25 (2.67%) BusinessObjects
12 23 (2.45%) DB2
13 21 (2.24%) Big Data
14 18 (1.92%) RDBMS
15 17 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
16 15 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
17 14 (1.49%) Apache Hive
17 14 (1.49%) HBase
18 11 (1.17%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
18 11 (1.17%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 318 (33.94%) Jenkins
2 291 (31.06%) Maven
3 281 (29.99%) Git (software)
4 158 (16.86%) JUnit
5 150 (16.01%) JIRA
6 94 (10.03%) Cucumber
7 91 (9.71%) Mockito
8 64 (6.83%) Gradle
9 50 (5.34%) Selenium
10 45 (4.80%) IntelliJ
11 44 (4.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 43 (4.59%) Bitbucket
13 34 (3.63%) Sonatype Nexus
13 34 (3.63%) TestNG
14 30 (3.20%) SonarQube
15 29 (3.09%) Postman
16 27 (2.88%) Ant
16 27 (2.88%) Subversion
17 24 (2.56%) TeamCity
18 22 (2.35%) Hudson
General
1 296 (31.59%) Finance
2 199 (21.24%) Banking
3 160 (17.08%) Social Skills
4 85 (9.07%) Investment Banking
5 58 (6.19%) Front Office
6 47 (5.02%) Analytical Skills
7 44 (4.70%) Public Sector
8 25 (2.67%) Retail
9 22 (2.35%) Financial Institution
10 18 (1.92%) Documentation Skills
10 18 (1.92%) Manufacturing
11 12 (1.28%) Marketing
12 11 (1.17%) Back Office
13 10 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
14 8 (0.85%) Electronics
15 7 (0.75%) Games
15 7 (0.75%) Telecoms
16 5 (0.53%) Legal
17 4 (0.43%) Billing
17 4 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 778 (83.03%) Developer
2 700 (74.71%) Java Developer
3 169 (18.04%) Senior Developer
4 158 (16.86%) Senior Java Developer
5 47 (5.02%) Full Stack Developer
6 42 (4.48%) Java Engineer
7 38 (4.06%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 31 (3.31%) AWS Developer
9 28 (2.99%) Architect
10 23 (2.45%) Java Architect
10 23 (2.45%) Software Engineer
11 20 (2.13%) Software Developer
12 19 (2.03%) Core Java Developer
13 18 (1.92%) Consultant
13 18 (1.92%) Java Consultant
13 18 (1.92%) Senior Consultant
13 18 (1.92%) Senior Java Consultant
14 16 (1.71%) Front Office Developer
14 16 (1.71%) HTML Developer
14 16 (1.71%) Investment Banking Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 658 (70.22%) Spring
2 433 (46.21%) Spring Boot
3 242 (25.83%) REST
4 181 (19.32%) RESTful
5 129 (13.77%) React
6 120 (12.81%) Kafka
7 116 (12.38%) JSON
8 115 (12.27%) AngularJS
9 113 (12.06%) Hibernate
10 110 (11.74%) HTML
11 107 (11.42%) Web Services
12 90 (9.61%) JPA
13 83 (8.86%) CSS
14 80 (8.54%) J2EE
15 74 (7.90%) Node.js
16 69 (7.36%) XML
17 61 (6.51%) Apache Camel
18 44 (4.70%) jQuery
19 43 (4.59%) RabbitMQ
19 43 (4.59%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 71 (7.58%) Algorithms
2 54 (5.76%) Data Structures
3 51 (5.44%) User Experience
4 48 (5.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 41 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
6 38 (4.06%) Derivative
7 31 (3.31%) Fixed Income
8 28 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
8 28 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
9 21 (2.24%) Mobile App
10 20 (2.13%) Data Protection Act
11 19 (2.03%) Legacy Systems
11 19 (2.03%) Public Cloud
12 17 (1.81%) Hybrid Cloud
13 14 (1.49%) Client/Server
14 13 (1.39%) Cloud Native
15 12 (1.28%) Hedge funds
16 11 (1.17%) Replication
17 10 (1.07%) Grid Computing
18 9 (0.96%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 168 (17.93%) Linux
2 102 (10.89%) Unix
3 27 (2.88%) Windows
4 13 (1.39%) Android
5 12 (1.28%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.21%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.21%) CentOS
8 1 (0.11%) Debian
8 1 (0.11%) Solaris
8 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 584 (62.33%) Agile Software Development
2 510 (54.43%) Microservices
3 263 (28.07%) TDD
4 230 (24.55%) Scrum
5 194 (20.70%) BDD
6 166 (17.72%) DevOps
7 151 (16.12%) Multithreading
8 133 (14.19%) Test Automation
9 110 (11.74%) Full Stack Development
10 106 (11.31%) Software Engineering
11 96 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
12 93 (9.93%) Kanban
13 90 (9.61%) Pair Programming
14 89 (9.50%) OO
15 86 (9.18%) Continuous Integration
16 77 (8.22%) Performance Tuning
17 71 (7.58%) Unit Testing
18 69 (7.36%) API Design
19 68 (7.26%) MVC
20 67 (7.15%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 929 (99.15%) Java
2 262 (27.96%) SQL
3 172 (18.36%) JavaScript
4 171 (18.25%) Java 11
5 113 (12.06%) PL/SQL
6 77 (8.22%) Scala
7 65 (6.94%) TypeScript
8 60 (6.40%) Kotlin
9 53 (5.66%) Shell Script
10 46 (4.91%) Python
11 30 (3.20%) Haskell
12 21 (2.24%) C++
13 19 (2.03%) Java 9
14 16 (1.71%) ES6
15 13 (1.39%) Bash Shell
16 11 (1.17%) Go
16 11 (1.17%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.07%) C#
17 10 (1.07%) R
18 8 (0.85%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 120 (12.81%) Security Cleared
2 119 (12.70%) SC Cleared
3 48 (5.12%) Degree
4 33 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.81%) OCPJP
5 17 (1.81%) Sun Certification
6 5 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
7 4 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.32%) ISEB
8 3 (0.32%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.21%) CFA
9 2 (0.21%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.11%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (3.84%) QA
2 15 (1.60%) Accessibility
3 11 (1.17%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.53%) GDPR
5 4 (0.43%) PMO
6 3 (0.32%) MiFID
7 2 (0.21%) EMIR
8 1 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 265 (28.28%) Docker
2 8 (0.85%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.32%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.21%) Postfix
4 2 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.11%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 197 (21.02%) Kubernetes
2 91 (9.71%) Ansible
3 35 (3.74%) Terraform
4 30 (3.20%) Kibana
5 13 (1.39%) Single Sign-On
6 12 (1.28%) Grafana
6 12 (1.28%) Prometheus
7 11 (1.17%) Oozie
8 8 (0.85%) logstash
9 6 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
9 6 (0.64%) Zipkin
10 3 (0.32%) Puppet
11 2 (0.21%) Graphite
11 2 (0.21%) HP Fortify
12 1 (0.11%) Packer
12 1 (0.11%) Rundeck
12 1 (0.11%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 251 (26.79%) Oracle
2 39 (4.16%) Informatica
3 38 (4.06%) BEA
4 37 (3.95%) webMethods
5 32 (3.42%) WSO2
6 28 (2.99%) Splunk
7 27 (2.88%) Microsoft
8 26 (2.77%) Google
9 20 (2.13%) AppDynamics
10 17 (1.81%) Atlassian
10 17 (1.81%) Sun
11 15 (1.60%) Adobe
12 14 (1.49%) Solace
13 13 (1.39%) IBM
14 11 (1.17%) MuleSoft
15 10 (1.07%) Perforce
16 7 (0.75%) Bloomberg
16 7 (0.75%) Greenplum
17 6 (0.64%) Serena
17 6 (0.64%) TIBCO