Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 201 181 128
Rank change year-on-year -20 -53 -11
Contract jobs citing Java 8 738 755 1,916
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.32% 1.47% 2.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.25% 3.62% 4.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 505 540 1,496
10th Percentile £400 £400 £413
25th Percentile £458 £450 £460
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £619 £600 £606
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +2.89% -5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 10 7
10th Percentile £56.50 £38.66 £52.00
25th Percentile £58.00 £42.63 £52.50
Median hourly rate £65.50 £46.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +42.39% -16.36% +22.22%
75th Percentile £65.54 " £60.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £58.33 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +42.39% -16.36% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,703 20,838 39,848
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.59% 40.47% 42.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,980 14,661 28,064
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £405 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £485 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
75th Percentile £594 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +5.99%
Number of hourly rates quoted 451 377 645
10th Percentile £18.05 £17.21 £17.50
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.50 £26.65
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year - -1.16% +7.50%
75th Percentile £50.61 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £61.00 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year -5.88% -4.49% +11.25%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 647 £525 -2.60% 229
London -10 468 £550 -2.22% 127
UK excluding London +19 208 £463 +2.89% 119
Work from Home -120 175 £531 -0.05% 83
North of England +25 46 £500 +7.24% 30
South East +11 45 £463 +8.82% 30
East of England +42 41 £494 +9.72% 9
Scotland +5 32 £425 -5.56% 13
Midlands +17 22 £428 -4.89% 17
West Midlands +6 20 £428 -4.89% 14
North East +29 16 £500 +21.95% 1
Yorkshire +18 16 £500 +11.11% 7
South West +5 15 £438 -12.50% 15
North West +18 14 £404 -25.70% 22
Northern Ireland +4 5 £432 -4.54% 2
East Midlands +9 2 £435 +2.96% 3
Wales +8 2 £650 +40.54% 3

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 729 (98.78%) Java
2 503 (68.16%) Spring
3 451 (61.11%) Agile Software Development
4 434 (58.81%) Microservices
5 342 (46.34%) Spring Boot
6 239 (32.38%) AWS
7 232 (31.44%) Finance
8 228 (30.89%) Docker
9 221 (29.95%) Jenkins
10 220 (29.81%) TDD
11 203 (27.51%) REST
12 199 (26.96%) Git (software)
13 191 (25.88%) Maven
14 190 (25.75%) SQL
15 179 (24.25%) Kubernetes
16 163 (22.09%) JavaScript
17 161 (21.82%) Scrum
18 157 (21.27%) BDD
19 148 (20.05%) Banking
20 140 (18.97%) Oracle
21 139 (18.83%) DevOps
22 138 (18.70%) RESTful
23 129 (17.48%) Social Skills
24 115 (15.58%) JUnit
24 115 (15.58%) Linux
25 111 (15.04%) Azure
26 108 (14.63%) JIRA
27 107 (14.50%) Test Automation
28 106 (14.36%) Kafka
29 105 (14.23%) Security Cleared

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (7.86%) Confluence
2 29 (3.93%) Apache
3 27 (3.66%) Tomcat
4 26 (3.52%) Cloud Foundry
5 25 (3.39%) WebLogic
6 22 (2.98%) Camunda
7 21 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
8 18 (2.44%) Red Hat Fuse
9 13 (1.76%) Apache Spark
10 11 (1.49%) Mule
11 9 (1.22%) Oracle Workflow
12 8 (1.08%) Oracle Coherence
13 7 (0.95%) GemFire
13 7 (0.95%) WebSphere
14 5 (0.68%) JBoss
14 5 (0.68%) WebSphere Application Server
15 4 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 4 (0.54%) GlassFish
16 3 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 2 (0.27%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 4 (0.54%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.27%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (0.68%) Adobe Campaign
2 2 (0.27%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 2 (0.27%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 239 (32.38%) AWS
2 111 (15.04%) Azure
3 51 (6.91%) Serverless
4 43 (5.83%) AWS Lambda
4 43 (5.83%) OpenShift
5 40 (5.42%) GCP
6 32 (4.34%) GitHub
7 22 (2.98%) Amazon S3
8 20 (2.71%) PaaS
9 13 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
9 13 (1.76%) IaaS
9 13 (1.76%) Slack
10 12 (1.63%) SaaS
11 8 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
12 7 (0.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 7 (0.95%) Amazon SQS
13 6 (0.81%) Amazon ECS
13 6 (0.81%) Power Platform
14 5 (0.68%) Amazon EKS
14 5 (0.68%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.90%) SSL
2 9 (1.22%) LAN
2 9 (1.22%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.08%) HTTP
4 7 (0.95%) DNS
5 6 (0.81%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.68%) DMARC
6 5 (0.68%) Internet
6 5 (0.68%) SMS
6 5 (0.68%) SMTP
7 4 (0.54%) NAS
7 4 (0.54%) VPN
8 3 (0.41%) FTP
9 2 (0.27%) WebEx
10 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (8.94%) PostgreSQL
2 61 (8.27%) Relational Database
3 54 (7.32%) NoSQL
4 51 (6.91%) MongoDB
5 31 (4.20%) Oracle Database
6 28 (3.79%) MySQL
6 28 (3.79%) SQL Server
7 27 (3.66%) Redis
8 25 (3.39%) Hazelcast
9 23 (3.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 22 (2.98%) DB2
11 11 (1.49%) Oracle Reports
11 11 (1.49%) RDBMS
12 9 (1.22%) Blockchain
13 8 (1.08%) Data Lake
13 8 (1.08%) Oracle Database 12c
13 8 (1.08%) Oracle ODI
14 7 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
14 7 (0.95%) HBase
15 6 (0.81%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 221 (29.95%) Jenkins
2 199 (26.96%) Git (software)
3 191 (25.88%) Maven
4 115 (15.58%) JUnit
5 108 (14.63%) JIRA
6 62 (8.40%) Cucumber
7 61 (8.27%) Gradle
8 55 (7.45%) Mockito
9 38 (5.15%) Selenium
10 29 (3.93%) Ant
11 28 (3.79%) Bitbucket
12 26 (3.52%) Postman
12 26 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
13 23 (3.12%) IntelliJ
13 23 (3.12%) SonarQube
14 20 (2.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 20 (2.71%) Subversion
14 20 (2.71%) TestNG
15 16 (2.17%) Eclipse
16 15 (2.03%) TeamCity
General
1 232 (31.44%) Finance
2 148 (20.05%) Banking
3 129 (17.48%) Social Skills
4 53 (7.18%) Investment Banking
5 35 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
6 31 (4.20%) Public Sector
7 30 (4.07%) Front Office
8 19 (2.57%) Financial Institution
9 15 (2.03%) Retail
10 11 (1.49%) Documentation Skills
11 6 (0.81%) Marketing
12 5 (0.68%) Back Office
12 5 (0.68%) Retail Banking
12 5 (0.68%) Telecoms
13 4 (0.54%) Billing
13 4 (0.54%) Dutch Language
13 4 (0.54%) French Language
13 4 (0.54%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.41%) Games
15 2 (0.27%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 609 (82.52%) Developer
2 530 (71.82%) Java Developer
3 124 (16.80%) Senior Developer
4 110 (14.91%) Senior Java Developer
5 49 (6.64%) Full Stack Developer
6 45 (6.10%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 32 (4.34%) AWS Developer
8 30 (4.07%) Java Engineer
9 24 (3.25%) Architect
10 17 (2.30%) Java Architect
10 17 (2.30%) Software Developer
11 16 (2.17%) Oracle Developer
12 14 (1.90%) Consultant
12 14 (1.90%) Core Java Developer
12 14 (1.90%) Lead Developer
13 13 (1.76%) Java Consultant
14 12 (1.63%) Lead Java Developer
14 12 (1.63%) React Developer
15 11 (1.49%) Senior Java Consultant
15 11 (1.49%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 503 (68.16%) Spring
2 342 (46.34%) Spring Boot
3 203 (27.51%) REST
4 138 (18.70%) RESTful
5 106 (14.36%) Kafka
6 104 (14.09%) AngularJS
7 92 (12.47%) React
8 89 (12.06%) Hibernate
9 85 (11.52%) HTML
10 80 (10.84%) Node.js
11 69 (9.35%) Web Services
12 65 (8.81%) JSON
13 60 (8.13%) JPA
14 55 (7.45%) CSS
15 54 (7.32%) JDBC
16 48 (6.50%) XML
17 46 (6.23%) J2EE
18 41 (5.56%) JMS
19 38 (5.15%) HTML5
20 37 (5.01%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.15%) Self-Motivation
2 35 (4.74%) Algorithms
3 33 (4.47%) Greenfield Project
3 33 (4.47%) User Experience
4 32 (4.34%) Data Structures
4 32 (4.34%) Enterprise Software
5 27 (3.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 22 (2.98%) Mobile App
7 20 (2.71%) Clustering
8 13 (1.76%) Equities
9 11 (1.49%) Cloud Native
9 11 (1.49%) Public Cloud
10 10 (1.36%) Client/Server
10 10 (1.36%) Hedge funds
10 10 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
11 9 (1.22%) Replication
12 8 (1.08%) Fixed Income
12 8 (1.08%) Grid Computing
13 7 (0.95%) Derivative
13 7 (0.95%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 115 (15.58%) Linux
2 62 (8.40%) Unix
3 18 (2.44%) Windows
4 17 (2.30%) Mac OS X
5 8 (1.08%) Android
6 7 (0.95%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.14%) CentOS
8 1 (0.14%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 451 (61.11%) Agile Software Development
2 434 (58.81%) Microservices
3 220 (29.81%) TDD
4 161 (21.82%) Scrum
5 157 (21.27%) BDD
6 139 (18.83%) DevOps
7 107 (14.50%) Test Automation
8 91 (12.33%) Multithreading
9 83 (11.25%) Continuous Integration
10 73 (9.89%) OO
11 72 (9.76%) Kanban
11 72 (9.76%) Unit Testing
12 67 (9.08%) Problem-Solving
13 62 (8.40%) Continuous Delivery
13 62 (8.40%) SDLC
14 60 (8.13%) Software Engineering
15 59 (7.99%) MVC
15 59 (7.99%) Pair Programming
16 58 (7.86%) Digital Transformation Programme
17 55 (7.45%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 729 (98.78%) Java
2 190 (25.75%) SQL
3 163 (22.09%) JavaScript
4 64 (8.67%) Python
5 63 (8.54%) PL/SQL
6 58 (7.86%) Kotlin
7 51 (6.91%) Scala
8 44 (5.96%) TypeScript
9 28 (3.79%) Shell Script
10 22 (2.98%) C++
11 21 (2.85%) ES6
12 14 (1.90%) Go
13 12 (1.63%) Haskell
14 10 (1.36%) C#
14 10 (1.36%) Java 9
14 10 (1.36%) R
15 9 (1.22%) Bash Shell
16 8 (1.08%) C
16 8 (1.08%) T-SQL
17 6 (0.81%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 105 (14.23%) Security Cleared
2 102 (13.82%) SC Cleared
3 31 (4.20%) Degree
4 25 (3.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.36%) OCPJP
5 10 (1.36%) Sun Certification
6 8 (1.08%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.81%) CTC Cleared
8 2 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.27%) CFA
8 2 (0.27%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.27%) ISEB
8 2 (0.27%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.14%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.14%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.93%) QA
2 13 (1.76%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.81%) PMO
4 5 (0.68%) GDPR
5 3 (0.41%) MiFID
6 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 228 (30.89%) Docker
2 12 (1.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 6 (0.81%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.27%) KVM
4 2 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 179 (24.25%) Kubernetes
2 31 (4.20%) Ansible
3 23 (3.12%) Prometheus
4 22 (2.98%) Terraform
5 8 (1.08%) Kibana
6 7 (0.95%) Grafana
6 7 (0.95%) Zipkin
7 2 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.27%) Puppet
8 1 (0.14%) Oozie
8 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.14%) Packer
8 1 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 140 (18.97%) Oracle
2 35 (4.74%) Splunk
3 27 (3.66%) AppDynamics
4 25 (3.39%) Google
5 23 (3.12%) MuleSoft
6 22 (2.98%) Microsoft
7 18 (2.44%) IBM
8 16 (2.17%) BEA
8 16 (2.17%) Informatica
9 15 (2.03%) webMethods
10 11 (1.49%) Adobe
11 10 (1.36%) Sun
12 9 (1.22%) Solace
13 8 (1.08%) Atlassian
13 8 (1.08%) Serena
13 8 (1.08%) WSO2
14 5 (0.68%) New Relic
15 4 (0.54%) Confluent
15 4 (0.54%) Greenplum
15 4 (0.54%) Guidewire