Period
to 24 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 24 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
24 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 141 180 92
Rank change year-on-year +39 -88 +31
Contract jobs citing Java 8 596 1,284 2,762
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.87% 1.52% 2.67%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.44% 3.62% 5.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 454 1,007 2,331
Median daily rate £500 £535 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.54% +1.90% -
10th Percentile £363 £413 £406
90th Percentile £625 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £473 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -0.53% - +9.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £39.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.83% +4.67% -21.05%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £39.25 £39.64
% change year-on-year -10.83% -0.99% -16.54%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,436 35,444 46,094
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.20% 41.96% 44.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,829 24,593 32,388
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £310 £322 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £420
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 363 685 699
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £19.25 £16.25
90th Percentile £54.55 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £42.27
% change year-on-year -19.54% +2.92% +4.36%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 24 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +49 543 £500 -9.09% 126
London +32 343 £513 -6.73% 72
UK excluding London +81 219 £473 -0.53% 65
North of England +76 116 £500 +11.11% 20
Work from Home -24 101 £450 -14.29% 42
Yorkshire +70 88 £500 +5.26% 12
South East +78 27 £488 -2.50% 14
North West +43 22 £525 +20.00% 8
East of England +67 21 £475 - 6
Scotland +2 16 £444 -1.39% 6
South West +79 15 £424 -10.79% 1
Midlands +73 13 £428 -7.46% 12
West Midlands +58 11 £428 -7.46% 11
Northern Ireland +14 9 £432 -24.96% 3
North East +40 6 £450 +16.73%
East Midlands +43 2 £423 -18.55% 1
Wales +33 2 £225 -45.78% 3

For the 6 months to 24 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 576 (96.64%) Java
2 386 (64.77%) Agile Software Development
3 383 (64.26%) Microservices
4 352 (59.06%) Spring
5 297 (49.83%) AWS
6 273 (45.81%) Spring Boot
7 244 (40.94%) TDD
8 226 (37.92%) Docker
9 201 (33.72%) BDD
10 187 (31.38%) Kubernetes
11 175 (29.36%) Jenkins
12 170 (28.52%) Azure
13 156 (26.17%) Test Automation
14 154 (25.84%) Git (software)
15 144 (24.16%) Pair Programming
16 140 (23.49%) Scrum
16 140 (23.49%) REST
17 129 (21.64%) Finance
18 128 (21.48%) Maven
19 120 (20.13%) Linux
20 105 (17.62%) DevOps
21 103 (17.28%) Mockito
21 103 (17.28%) SQL
22 101 (16.95%) JIRA
23 98 (16.44%) MongoDB
24 92 (15.44%) Python
25 89 (14.93%) Unix
25 89 (14.93%) RESTful
26 88 (14.77%) Public Sector
27 83 (13.93%) Kafka

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (11.24%) Confluence
2 47 (7.89%) Cloud Foundry
3 22 (3.69%) Mule
4 20 (3.36%) Apache Spark
5 17 (2.85%) WebLogic
6 13 (2.18%) Apache
6 13 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (1.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 9 (1.51%) Red Hat Fuse
9 8 (1.34%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.67%) Anypoint
10 4 (0.67%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.50%) JBoss
12 2 (0.34%) Camunda
13 1 (0.17%) CMS
13 1 (0.17%) Jupyter
13 1 (0.17%) Mule ESB
13 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
13 1 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
13 1 (0.17%) Tomcat
Applications
1 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.17%) ION MarketView
1 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
1 1 (0.17%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 297 (49.83%) AWS
2 170 (28.52%) Azure
3 47 (7.89%) GitHub
4 38 (6.38%) GCP
5 33 (5.54%) Serverless
6 31 (5.20%) Slack
7 30 (5.03%) AWS Lambda
8 22 (3.69%) Amazon S3
8 22 (3.69%) PaaS
9 20 (3.36%) IaaS
10 16 (2.68%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (2.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 13 (2.18%) OpenShift
13 12 (2.01%) Amazon Kinesis
13 12 (2.01%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (1.85%) Amazon ECS
15 9 (1.51%) AWS Fargate
16 7 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
17 5 (0.84%) AWS CloudTrail
17 5 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.19%) HTTP
2 12 (2.01%) SSL
3 11 (1.85%) HTTPS
4 8 (1.34%) Internet
5 6 (1.01%) DSL
6 4 (0.67%) Skype
7 2 (0.34%) FIX Connectivity
7 2 (0.34%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.34%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.17%) DNS
8 1 (0.17%) FTP
8 1 (0.17%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (16.44%) MongoDB
2 49 (8.22%) MySQL
3 47 (7.89%) NoSQL
4 33 (5.54%) Relational Database
5 29 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
6 26 (4.36%) Apache Cassandra
7 14 (2.35%) Oracle Database
8 13 (2.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (1.68%) Hadoop
9 10 (1.68%) SQL Server
10 9 (1.51%) Big Data
11 8 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
12 7 (1.17%) RDBMS
13 6 (1.01%) Amazon Aurora
13 6 (1.01%) Redis
14 5 (0.84%) DB2
14 5 (0.84%) Neo4j
15 4 (0.67%) Data Warehouse
15 4 (0.67%) Hazelcast
15 4 (0.67%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 175 (29.36%) Jenkins
2 154 (25.84%) Git (software)
3 128 (21.48%) Maven
4 103 (17.28%) Mockito
5 101 (16.95%) JIRA
6 74 (12.42%) JUnit
7 41 (6.88%) Gradle
8 34 (5.70%) Sonatype Nexus
9 33 (5.54%) Android Studio
10 31 (5.20%) IntelliJ
11 28 (4.70%) CocoaPods
11 28 (4.70%) Xcode
12 25 (4.19%) Cucumber
13 21 (3.52%) Selenium
14 10 (1.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 10 (1.68%) Eclipse
14 10 (1.68%) JMeter
15 9 (1.51%) Checkstyle
16 8 (1.34%) Artifactory
16 8 (1.34%) GitLab
General
1 129 (21.64%) Finance
2 88 (14.77%) Public Sector
3 72 (12.08%) Banking
4 18 (3.02%) Investment Banking
5 14 (2.35%) Financial Institution
6 13 (2.18%) Front Office
7 7 (1.17%) Marketing
8 6 (1.01%) Electronics
8 6 (1.01%) Manufacturing
8 6 (1.01%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.67%) Games
9 4 (0.67%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.50%) Law
10 3 (0.50%) Retail
11 2 (0.34%) Advertising
12 1 (0.17%) French Language
12 1 (0.17%) German Language
12 1 (0.17%) Legal
Job Titles
1 472 (79.19%) Developer
2 400 (67.11%) Java Developer
3 76 (12.75%) Senior Developer
4 71 (11.91%) Senior Java Developer
5 41 (6.88%) Java Engineer
6 31 (5.20%) Full Stack Developer
7 20 (3.36%) Backend Developer
8 16 (2.68%) AWS Developer
8 16 (2.68%) Lead Developer
9 14 (2.35%) Technical Leader
10 13 (2.18%) AWS Engineer
11 10 (1.68%) Azure Developer
11 10 (1.68%) Senior Java Engineer
12 9 (1.51%) DevOps Engineer
12 9 (1.51%) Lead Java Developer
13 8 (1.34%) Architect
13 8 (1.34%) QA Engineer
13 8 (1.34%) SC Cleared Java Developer
13 8 (1.34%) Software Developer
13 8 (1.34%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 352 (59.06%) Spring
2 273 (45.81%) Spring Boot
3 140 (23.49%) REST
4 89 (14.93%) RESTful
5 83 (13.93%) Kafka
6 65 (10.91%) Web Services
7 64 (10.74%) ActiveMQ
8 61 (10.23%) JAX-RS
9 57 (9.56%) Node.js
10 55 (9.23%) JSON
11 54 (9.06%) AngularJS
12 53 (8.89%) React
13 50 (8.39%) HTML
14 41 (6.88%) Apache Camel
15 35 (5.87%) Hibernate
16 33 (5.54%) J2EE
17 28 (4.70%) CSS
18 27 (4.53%) Spring Cloud
19 26 (4.36%) HTML5
19 26 (4.36%) Hystrix
Miscellaneous
1 59 (9.90%) Mobile App
2 20 (3.36%) User Experience
3 19 (3.19%) Analytical Skills
4 16 (2.68%) Algorithms
5 14 (2.35%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (2.35%) Hybrid Cloud
6 13 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
7 9 (1.51%) Clustering
7 9 (1.51%) Fixed Income
7 9 (1.51%) Virtual Team
8 7 (1.17%) Public Cloud
9 6 (1.01%) Cloud Native
9 6 (1.01%) Derivative
9 6 (1.01%) Equities
9 6 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 5 (0.84%) Data Structures
10 5 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (0.67%) Augmented Reality
11 4 (0.67%) Hedge funds
12 2 (0.34%) TWAP
Operating Systems
1 120 (20.13%) Linux
2 89 (14.93%) Unix
3 62 (10.40%) Mac OS X
4 36 (6.04%) Android
5 31 (5.20%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.50%) Debian
7 2 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.34%) Windows
8 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 386 (64.77%) Agile Software Development
2 383 (64.26%) Microservices
3 244 (40.94%) TDD
4 201 (33.72%) BDD
5 156 (26.17%) Test Automation
6 144 (24.16%) Pair Programming
7 140 (23.49%) Scrum
8 105 (17.62%) DevOps
9 76 (12.75%) Continuous Deployment
10 73 (12.25%) Continuous Integration
10 73 (12.25%) Responsive Web Design
10 73 (12.25%) Web Design
11 70 (11.74%) Problem-Solving
11 70 (11.74%) Web Development
12 67 (11.24%) Kanban
13 65 (10.91%) Continuous Delivery
14 57 (9.56%) Software Engineering
15 43 (7.21%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 43 (7.21%) Multithreading
15 43 (7.21%) OO
Programming Languages
1 576 (96.64%) Java
2 103 (17.28%) SQL
3 92 (15.44%) Python
4 74 (12.42%) Kotlin
5 57 (9.56%) JavaScript
6 43 (7.21%) Scala
7 28 (4.70%) Apple Swift
8 24 (4.03%) PL/SQL
9 22 (3.69%) Shell Script
10 15 (2.52%) Java 9
11 12 (2.01%) TypeScript
12 8 (1.34%) Go
13 6 (1.01%) Groovy
14 5 (0.84%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.84%) Ruby
15 3 (0.50%) Perl
15 3 (0.50%) VB
15 3 (0.50%) VBA
16 2 (0.34%) C#
16 2 (0.34%) PHP
Qualifications
1 58 (9.73%) Security Cleared
2 33 (5.54%) SC Cleared
3 26 (4.36%) BPSS Clearance
4 21 (3.52%) Degree
5 15 (2.52%) DBS Check
6 13 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.34%) DV Cleared
7 8 (1.34%) Master's Degree
7 8 (1.34%) OCPJP
7 8 (1.34%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.50%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.34%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (6.38%) QA
2 6 (1.01%) MiFID
3 3 (0.50%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.17%) IFRS
5 1 (0.17%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.17%) PSD2
System Software
1 226 (37.92%) Docker
2 2 (0.34%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.17%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 187 (31.38%) Kubernetes
2 44 (7.38%) Prometheus
3 28 (4.70%) Terraform
4 16 (2.68%) Ansible
5 12 (2.01%) Zipkin
6 9 (1.51%) Kibana
7 5 (0.84%) Packer
7 5 (0.84%) Rundeck
8 4 (0.67%) Grafana
9 2 (0.34%) linkerd
10 1 (0.17%) CFEngine
10 1 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.17%) Knative
10 1 (0.17%) logstash
10 1 (0.17%) Puppet
10 1 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.17%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 63 (10.57%) Oracle
1 63 (10.57%) Splunk
2 52 (8.72%) AppDynamics
3 32 (5.37%) MuleSoft
4 14 (2.35%) BEA
5 13 (2.18%) webMethods
6 11 (1.85%) SAP
7 10 (1.68%) Informatica
8 8 (1.34%) Sun
8 8 (1.34%) WSO2
9 6 (1.01%) Confluent
10 4 (0.67%) Ariba
10 4 (0.67%) Google
10 4 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.50%) Databricks
11 3 (0.50%) Dynatrace
11 3 (0.50%) ION Trading
11 3 (0.50%) Sybase
11 3 (0.50%) TIBCO
12 2 (0.34%) Talend