Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Opscode Chef skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Opscode Chef over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Opscode Chef
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 127 162 151
Rank change year-on-year +35 -11 +71
Contract jobs citing Opscode Chef 2,144 1,780 1,806
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 1.74% 1.76%
As % of the Systems Management category 14.12% 14.68% 15.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,671 1,383 1,287
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +10.50%
10th Percentile £410 £400 £367
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 0
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £37.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £41.50 -
% change year-on-year -21.69% - -

Opscode Chef is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 15,184 12,125 11,689
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.45% 11.83% 11.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,220 8,207 7,458
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 393 285 267
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £20.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -15.58% +6.31%
10th Percentile £12.25 £10.89 £12.75
90th Percentile £47.00 £47.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £15.73 £22.63
% change year-on-year +11.25% -30.48% +18.89%

Opscode Chef
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Opscode Chef as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Opscode Chef.

Contractor daily rate trend for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Opscode Chef over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Opscode Chef.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Opscode Chef within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 2,012 £525 - 394
London +25 1,130 £550 +4.76% 207
UK excluding London +17 994 £500 - 207
South East +17 307 £525 +5.00% 42
North of England -5 246 £525 +10.53% 69
Midlands +31 143 £450 -10.00% 29
North West -1 129 £575 +9.52% 37
South West +28 107 £425 -15.00% 27
Scotland -7 106 £700 +47.37% 14
East Midlands +59 94 £424 +12.93% 15
East of England -7 83 £518 -1.43% 20
Yorkshire -28 73 £500 - 25
North East -3 49 £500 -6.54% 7
West Midlands -28 48 £475 -9.52% 13
Wales +7 30 £500 +24.84% 2
Northern Ireland +27 5 £525 -2.33% 4

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Opscode Chef also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Opscode Chef.

1 1,657 (77.29%) Puppet
2 1,572 (73.32%) Ansible
3 1,389 (64.79%) DevOps
4 1,293 (60.31%) Amazon AWS
5 1,131 (52.75%) Jenkins
6 1,002 (46.74%) Linux
7 925 (43.14%) Agile Software Development
8 907 (42.30%) Python
9 820 (38.25%) Java
9 820 (38.25%) Docker
10 732 (34.14%) Terraform
11 680 (31.72%) Microsoft Azure
12 651 (30.36%) Continuous Integration
13 579 (27.01%) Configuration Management
14 506 (23.60%) Kubernetes
15 465 (21.69%) Git (software)
16 450 (20.99%) Bash Shell
17 418 (19.50%) NoSQL
18 404 (18.84%) Windows
19 388 (18.10%) TDD
20 366 (17.07%) Finance
21 362 (16.88%) Oracle
22 360 (16.79%) MySQL
23 334 (15.58%) Open Source
24 332 (15.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 328 (15.30%) Ruby
26 327 (15.25%) Test Automation
27 322 (15.02%) Unix
28 316 (14.74%) Tomcat
29 282 (13.15%) PostgreSQL

Opscode Chef
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 316 (14.74%) Tomcat
2 234 (10.91%) WebSphere
3 223 (10.40%) OpenStack
4 218 (10.17%) WebLogic
5 164 (7.65%) JBoss
6 141 (6.58%) Apache
7 115 (5.36%) nginx
8 104 (4.85%) Confluence
9 95 (4.43%) Cloud Foundry
10 94 (4.38%) Jetty
11 50 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
12 40 (1.87%) IIS
13 27 (1.26%) Apache Spark
14 19 (0.89%) Mongrel
15 11 (0.51%) Apache Solr
16 10 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
17 9 (0.42%) Apache Pig
18 7 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 7 (0.33%) Apache Qpid
19 6 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 52 (2.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (2.15%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.093%) HipChat
5 2 (0.093%) SPSS
6 1 (0.047%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.047%) InVision
6 1 (0.047%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.093%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.047%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 1,293 (60.31%) Amazon AWS
2 680 (31.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 269 (12.55%) AWS CloudFormation
4 245 (11.43%) Amazon EC2
5 205 (9.56%) Amazon S3
6 183 (8.54%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 150 (7.00%) Google Cloud Platform
7 150 (7.00%) PaaS
7 150 (7.00%) Serverless
8 133 (6.20%) GitHub
9 119 (5.55%) OpenShift
10 110 (5.13%) IaaS
11 85 (3.96%) AWS Lambda
12 78 (3.64%) Datadog
13 67 (3.13%) npm
13 67 (3.13%) SaaS
14 61 (2.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 57 (2.66%) Amazon EMR
16 46 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
17 44 (2.05%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 140 (6.53%) DNS
2 112 (5.22%) HTTP
2 112 (5.22%) TCP/IP
3 101 (4.71%) Firewall
4 98 (4.57%) SSL
5 61 (2.85%) VPN
6 55 (2.57%) DHCP
7 41 (1.91%) Internet
8 36 (1.68%) IPsec
9 35 (1.63%) FTP
10 33 (1.54%) Network Security
11 32 (1.49%) DSL
12 26 (1.21%) Cisco Nexus
13 23 (1.07%) iSCSI
14 17 (0.79%) SAN
15 16 (0.75%) BIG-IP
16 15 (0.70%) NAS
17 14 (0.65%) SSH
18 12 (0.56%) Reverse Proxy
18 12 (0.56%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 418 (19.50%) NoSQL
2 360 (16.79%) MySQL
3 282 (13.15%) PostgreSQL
4 229 (10.68%) Hadoop
5 192 (8.96%) MongoDB
6 138 (6.44%) SQL Server
7 134 (6.25%) Relational Database
8 95 (4.43%) Big Data
9 92 (4.29%) Amazon RDS
10 72 (3.36%) Amazon Redshift
11 69 (3.22%) Apache Cassandra
11 69 (3.22%) RDBMS
12 52 (2.43%) Amazon Aurora
13 51 (2.38%) Apache Hive
13 51 (2.38%) Redis
14 39 (1.82%) Impala
15 36 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 36 (1.68%) Sqoop
16 19 (0.89%) Cosmos DB
16 19 (0.89%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,131 (52.75%) Jenkins
2 465 (21.69%) Git (software)
3 217 (10.12%) Maven
4 187 (8.72%) JIRA
5 180 (8.40%) NUnit
6 179 (8.35%) MSTest
7 132 (6.16%) Sonatype Nexus
8 130 (6.06%) Gradle
9 124 (5.78%) Vagrant
10 122 (5.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 118 (5.50%) Travis CI
12 113 (5.27%) TeamCity
13 106 (4.94%) GitLab
14 104 (4.85%) Bitbucket
15 100 (4.66%) Subversion
16 83 (3.87%) Selenium
17 70 (3.26%) CircleCI
18 69 (3.22%) IBM UrbanCode
19 65 (3.03%) Artifactory
20 63 (2.94%) JUnit
General
1 366 (17.07%) Finance
2 116 (5.41%) Banking
3 46 (2.15%) Retail
4 37 (1.73%) Telecoms
5 30 (1.40%) Financial Institution
6 20 (0.93%) Marketing
7 14 (0.65%) Electronics
7 14 (0.65%) Manufacturing
8 8 (0.37%) Investment Banking
8 8 (0.37%) Publishing
9 7 (0.33%) Legal
10 6 (0.28%) Billing
10 6 (0.28%) Law
10 6 (0.28%) Retail Banking
11 5 (0.23%) Advertising
12 4 (0.19%) Games
13 3 (0.14%) Multimedia
14 2 (0.093%) Back Office
14 2 (0.093%) Front Office
14 2 (0.093%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 937 (43.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 422 (19.68%) Developer
3 319 (14.88%) Java Developer
4 288 (13.43%) AWS Engineer
5 244 (11.38%) AWS DevOps
6 213 (9.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 170 (7.93%) Cloud Engineer
8 137 (6.39%) Linux Engineer
9 132 (6.16%) Consultant
10 124 (5.78%) Platform Engineer
11 116 (5.41%) Architect
12 108 (5.04%) Senior DevOps
13 104 (4.85%) Azure Engineer
14 95 (4.43%) Azure DevOps
15 91 (4.24%) DevOps Consultant
16 89 (4.15%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 88 (4.10%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 83 (3.87%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 69 (3.22%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 62 (2.89%) Operations Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 207 (9.65%) Web Services
2 167 (7.79%) Spring
3 145 (6.76%) Node.js
4 108 (5.04%) Hibernate
5 106 (4.94%) Elastic Stack
6 79 (3.68%) HTML
7 78 (3.64%) .NET
8 64 (2.99%) Kafka
9 63 (2.94%) AngularJS
10 61 (2.85%) RESTful
11 58 (2.71%) CSS
12 53 (2.47%) REST
13 51 (2.38%) Spring Boot
14 49 (2.29%) X-Windows
15 47 (2.19%) J2EE
16 43 (2.01%) RabbitMQ
17 42 (1.96%) JSON
18 41 (1.91%) HTML5
19 39 (1.82%) Java EE
20 38 (1.77%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 144 (6.72%) Greenfield Project
2 113 (5.27%) Public Cloud
3 75 (3.50%) Analytical Skills
4 66 (3.08%) Data Centre
5 46 (2.15%) Linux Command Line
6 45 (2.10%) Wiki
7 41 (1.91%) Cloud Native
8 40 (1.87%) PKI
9 35 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
10 30 (1.40%) Hybrid Cloud
11 26 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
11 26 (1.21%) Management Information System
11 26 (1.21%) Mobile App
12 25 (1.17%) Private Cloud
13 22 (1.03%) Fintech
14 21 (0.98%) Clustering
15 20 (0.93%) User Experience
16 14 (0.65%) Replication
17 13 (0.61%) Fat Client
17 13 (0.61%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 1,002 (46.74%) Linux
2 404 (18.84%) Windows
3 332 (15.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 322 (15.02%) Unix
5 123 (5.74%) Windows Server
6 101 (4.71%) CentOS
7 59 (2.75%) Ubuntu
8 42 (1.96%) Debian
9 31 (1.45%) Solaris
10 24 (1.12%) Windows Server 2008
11 19 (0.89%) SUSE
12 16 (0.75%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.70%) Android
13 15 (0.70%) Fedora
14 14 (0.65%) VMS
15 13 (0.61%) Apple iOS
16 12 (0.56%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 11 (0.51%) AIX
17 11 (0.51%) DC/OS
18 9 (0.42%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,389 (64.79%) DevOps
2 925 (43.14%) Agile Software Development
3 651 (30.36%) Continuous Integration
4 579 (27.01%) Configuration Management
5 388 (18.10%) TDD
6 334 (15.58%) Open Source
7 327 (15.25%) Test Automation
8 270 (12.59%) Scrum
9 269 (12.55%) Migration
10 249 (11.61%) OO
11 192 (8.96%) Continuous Delivery
12 182 (8.49%) Microservices
13 175 (8.16%) Deployment Automation
14 158 (7.37%) Software Engineering
15 141 (6.58%) Digital Transformation Programme
16 135 (6.30%) BDD
17 128 (5.97%) ITIL
18 126 (5.88%) Build Automation
19 101 (4.71%) ETL
20 93 (4.34%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 907 (42.30%) Python
2 820 (38.25%) Java
3 450 (20.99%) Bash Shell
4 328 (15.30%) Ruby
5 272 (12.69%) SQL
6 260 (12.13%) PowerShell
7 230 (10.73%) Shell Script
8 216 (10.07%) Perl
9 204 (9.51%) JavaScript
10 192 (8.96%) Groovy
11 85 (3.96%) Go
12 76 (3.54%) Korn
13 57 (2.66%) C#
14 52 (2.43%) Java 8
14 52 (2.43%) PHP
15 45 (2.10%) C
16 24 (1.12%) C++
17 22 (1.03%) Scala
18 12 (0.56%) R
19 9 (0.42%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 267 (12.45%) Security Cleared
2 171 (7.98%) SC Cleared
3 66 (3.08%) Degree
4 55 (2.57%) AWS Certification
5 41 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (1.91%) RHCE
6 35 (1.63%) Cisco Certification
7 34 (1.59%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 24 (1.12%) CCNP
9 16 (0.75%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.37%) CCNA
11 7 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
11 7 (0.33%) CISSP
11 7 (0.33%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.23%) CISM
12 5 (0.23%) ISTQB
13 4 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.14%) MCSA
14 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
15 2 (0.093%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (2.47%) QA
2 9 (0.42%) GDPR
3 6 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.23%) PMO
5 2 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.093%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.047%) GPG13
6 1 (0.047%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 820 (38.25%) Docker
2 159 (7.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 113 (5.27%) Virtual Machines
4 108 (5.04%) Active Directory
5 44 (2.05%) Hyper-V
6 37 (1.73%) HDFS
7 32 (1.49%) NFS
8 31 (1.45%) VirtualBox
8 31 (1.45%) Xen
9 29 (1.35%) vSphere
10 23 (1.07%) KVM
11 20 (0.93%) Virtual Servers
12 15 (0.70%) LXC
13 11 (0.51%) vCloud
14 9 (0.42%) iptables
14 9 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
15 7 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 7 (0.33%) etcd
15 7 (0.33%) GPFS
16 6 (0.28%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,657 (77.29%) Puppet
2 1,572 (73.32%) Ansible
3 732 (34.14%) Terraform
4 506 (23.60%) Kubernetes
5 191 (8.91%) Salt
6 142 (6.62%) Packer
7 80 (3.73%) Cobbler
7 80 (3.73%) Nagios
8 54 (2.52%) Mesos
9 51 (2.38%) Kibana
10 50 (2.33%) Grafana
11 46 (2.15%) Docker Swarm
11 46 (2.15%) ZABBIX
12 42 (1.96%) Prometheus
13 39 (1.82%) logstash
14 37 (1.73%) Hadoop YARN
15 23 (1.07%) Rundeck
16 22 (1.03%) Consul
17 21 (0.98%) Rancher
18 20 (0.93%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 362 (16.88%) Oracle
2 281 (13.11%) Red Hat
3 216 (10.07%) VMware
4 195 (9.10%) Splunk
5 151 (7.04%) Google
6 140 (6.53%) Microsoft
7 87 (4.06%) SaltStack
8 63 (2.94%) Atlassian
9 53 (2.47%) Cisco
9 53 (2.47%) Cloudera
10 48 (2.24%) AppDynamics
10 48 (2.24%) Qualys
11 45 (2.10%) New Relic
12 42 (1.96%) IBM
13 36 (1.68%) Citrix
14 26 (1.21%) ServiceNow
15 20 (0.93%) SAP
16 19 (0.89%) F5
16 19 (0.89%) NetApp
17 18 (0.84%) CheckPoint