Period
to 20 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Opscode Chef skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Opscode Chef over the 6 months to 20 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Opscode Chef
UK
6 months to
20 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 156 130 167
Rank change year-on-year -26 +37 +40
Contract jobs citing Opscode Chef 1,725 2,040 1,521
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.78% 2.02% 1.64%
As % of the Systems Management category 12.15% 16.11% 14.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,312 1,580 1,095
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £406 £363
90th Percentile £700 £655 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.68% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £40.00 -

Opscode Chef is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,197 12,666 10,202
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.68% 12.54% 10.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,478 8,541 6,665
UK median daily rate £500 £483 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.63% +7.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £310 £275 £269
90th Percentile £663 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 353 272 237
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.71% -12.50% -3.61%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.50 £12.50
90th Percentile £49.50 £47.83 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £15.25 £18.88
% change year-on-year +14.75% -19.21% -0.66%

Opscode Chef
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Opscode Chef as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Opscode Chef.

Contractor daily rate trend for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Opscode Chef over the 6 months to 20 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Opscode Chef.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Opscode Chef in the UK

Opscode Chef
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Opscode Chef within the UK over the 6 months to 20 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 1,621 £550 +4.76% 458
London -19 926 £575 +9.52% 217
UK excluding London -18 773 £500 - 267
North of England -31 237 £525 +16.67% 99
South East -12 234 £500 -9.01% 49
North West -27 118 £575 +21.05% 51
Midlands -5 112 £450 -10.09% 32
Yorkshire -9 88 £500 +11.11% 33
Scotland +15 81 £675 +25.58% 18
East Midlands +38 69 £425 -5.56% 10
East of England +7 62 £550 - 23
South West -35 50 £500 -4.76% 40
West Midlands -33 43 £475 -9.52% 22
North East -4 36 £500 -6.54% 15
Wales -4 9 £475 -5.00% 6
Northern Ireland +17 4 £425 -17.07% 2

For the 6 months to 20 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Opscode Chef also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Opscode Chef.

1 1,330 (77.10%) Puppet
2 1,223 (70.90%) Ansible
3 1,215 (70.43%) DevOps
4 1,039 (60.23%) Amazon AWS
5 985 (57.10%) Jenkins
6 839 (48.64%) Linux
7 699 (40.52%) Python
8 634 (36.75%) Agile Software Development
9 627 (36.35%) Docker
10 598 (34.67%) Microsoft Azure
11 582 (33.74%) Java
12 566 (32.81%) Terraform
13 517 (29.97%) Continuous Integration
14 485 (28.12%) Git (software)
15 480 (27.83%) Configuration Management
16 444 (25.74%) Kubernetes
17 352 (20.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 334 (19.36%) Finance
19 312 (18.09%) Bash Shell
20 279 (16.17%) NoSQL
21 276 (16.00%) Test Automation
22 269 (15.59%) Windows
23 265 (15.36%) Red Hat
24 264 (15.30%) Ruby
25 254 (14.72%) MySQL
26 246 (14.26%) TDD
27 243 (14.09%) Open Source
28 228 (13.22%) Security Cleared
29 226 (13.10%) Microservices
30 224 (12.99%) Splunk

Opscode Chef
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (12.06%) Tomcat
2 148 (8.58%) WebSphere
3 121 (7.01%) OpenStack
3 121 (7.01%) WebLogic
4 103 (5.97%) Cloud Foundry
5 96 (5.57%) Apache
6 94 (5.45%) JBoss
7 91 (5.28%) nginx
8 80 (4.64%) Confluence
9 50 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
10 36 (2.09%) IIS
11 35 (2.03%) Jetty
12 22 (1.28%) Apache Spark
13 10 (0.58%) SharePoint
14 7 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 7 (0.41%) Apache Pig
15 6 (0.35%) CMS
16 5 (0.29%) Anypoint
16 5 (0.29%) MS Exchange
16 5 (0.29%) SAS
Applications
1 7 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.12%) InVision
5 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.12%) SPSS
6 1 (0.058%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.058%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 3 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.058%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,039 (60.23%) Amazon AWS
2 598 (34.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 211 (12.23%) AWS CloudFormation
4 203 (11.77%) Google Cloud Platform
5 156 (9.04%) PaaS
6 148 (8.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 139 (8.06%) Amazon EC2
8 137 (7.94%) Datadog
9 106 (6.14%) Amazon S3
10 102 (5.91%) Serverless
11 97 (5.62%) IaaS
12 95 (5.51%) GitHub
13 88 (5.10%) OpenShift
14 82 (4.75%) Amazon ELB
15 73 (4.23%) npm
16 58 (3.36%) AWS Lambda
17 54 (3.13%) SaaS
18 52 (3.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 51 (2.96%) Cloud Computing
20 35 (2.03%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 107 (6.20%) DNS
2 98 (5.68%) HTTP
3 89 (5.16%) TCP/IP
4 80 (4.64%) Firewall
5 79 (4.58%) SSL
6 70 (4.06%) VPN
7 69 (4.00%) DHCP
8 49 (2.84%) FTP
9 48 (2.78%) IPsec
10 45 (2.61%) Cisco Nexus
11 34 (1.97%) Network Security
12 28 (1.62%) WAN
13 25 (1.45%) DSL
13 25 (1.45%) Internet
14 18 (1.04%) iSCSI
15 15 (0.87%) LAN
16 9 (0.52%) MPLS
16 9 (0.52%) VLAN
17 7 (0.41%) HTTPS
17 7 (0.41%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 279 (16.17%) NoSQL
2 254 (14.72%) MySQL
3 168 (9.74%) PostgreSQL
4 151 (8.75%) MongoDB
5 101 (5.86%) Hadoop
6 90 (5.22%) Relational Database
7 83 (4.81%) Amazon RDS
8 77 (4.46%) SQL Server
9 66 (3.83%) RDBMS
10 65 (3.77%) Big Data
11 56 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 48 (2.78%) Amazon Redshift
13 36 (2.09%) Amazon Aurora
14 30 (1.74%) Redis
15 21 (1.22%) Azure SQL Database
15 21 (1.22%) Data Warehouse
16 20 (1.16%) Oracle Database
17 17 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 17 (0.99%) Apache Hive
18 16 (0.93%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 985 (57.10%) Jenkins
2 485 (28.12%) Git (software)
3 214 (12.41%) Sonatype Nexus
4 178 (10.32%) JIRA
5 170 (9.86%) Maven
6 112 (6.49%) Gradle
7 103 (5.97%) MSTest
7 103 (5.97%) NUnit
8 96 (5.57%) TeamCity
9 91 (5.28%) Travis CI
10 85 (4.93%) Bitbucket
11 81 (4.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 80 (4.64%) JUnit
13 79 (4.58%) Subversion
14 76 (4.41%) Vagrant
15 75 (4.35%) GitLab
16 73 (4.23%) Selenium
17 64 (3.71%) gulp
17 64 (3.71%) IBM UrbanCode
18 60 (3.48%) SonarQube
General
1 334 (19.36%) Finance
2 107 (6.20%) Banking
3 58 (3.36%) Retail
4 37 (2.14%) Telecoms
5 28 (1.62%) Marketing
6 24 (1.39%) Electronics
6 24 (1.39%) Manufacturing
7 19 (1.10%) Financial Institution
8 16 (0.93%) Advertising
8 16 (0.93%) Investment Banking
8 16 (0.93%) Law
9 14 (0.81%) Billing
10 12 (0.70%) Games
11 8 (0.46%) Publishing
12 7 (0.41%) Legal
13 5 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.23%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.17%) Private Banking
16 2 (0.12%) Back Office
16 2 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 778 (45.10%) DevOps Engineer
2 252 (14.61%) Developer
3 217 (12.58%) AWS Engineer
4 187 (10.84%) AWS DevOps
5 165 (9.57%) Java Developer
6 162 (9.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 142 (8.23%) Senior DevOps
8 121 (7.01%) Cloud Engineer
9 115 (6.67%) Linux Engineer
10 114 (6.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 111 (6.43%) Architect
12 92 (5.33%) Platform Engineer
13 91 (5.28%) Consultant
14 89 (5.16%) Azure DevOps
15 85 (4.93%) Azure Engineer
16 82 (4.75%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 70 (4.06%) Azure DevOps Engineer
18 63 (3.65%) Linux DevOps Engineer
19 53 (3.07%) DevOps Consultant
20 49 (2.84%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 221 (12.81%) Web Services
2 148 (8.58%) Node.js
3 100 (5.80%) Spring
4 94 (5.45%) Elastic Stack
5 81 (4.70%) Kafka
6 77 (4.46%) .NET
7 76 (4.41%) RESTful
8 68 (3.94%) Hibernate
9 59 (3.42%) HTML
10 55 (3.19%) AngularJS
11 54 (3.13%) REST
12 50 (2.90%) ActiveMQ
12 50 (2.90%) Middleware
12 50 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
13 46 (2.67%) Spring Boot
14 44 (2.55%) CSS
15 42 (2.43%) X-Windows
16 41 (2.38%) J2EE
17 38 (2.20%) JSON
18 36 (2.09%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 102 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
1 102 (5.91%) Public Cloud
2 46 (2.67%) Analytical Skills
3 43 (2.49%) Data Centre
4 40 (2.32%) Linux Command Line
5 34 (1.97%) Hybrid Cloud
6 32 (1.86%) Management Information System
7 30 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
8 29 (1.68%) Mobile App
9 26 (1.51%) Fintech
9 26 (1.51%) Private Cloud
10 24 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
11 22 (1.28%) Cloud Native
12 18 (1.04%) Clustering
13 16 (0.93%) Mainframe
13 16 (0.93%) User Experience
14 13 (0.75%) Enterprise Cloud
14 13 (0.75%) PKI
15 11 (0.64%) Fat Client
15 11 (0.64%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 839 (48.64%) Linux
2 352 (20.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 269 (15.59%) Windows
4 189 (10.96%) Unix
5 90 (5.22%) Windows Server
6 70 (4.06%) CentOS
7 26 (1.51%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.22%) Debian
9 20 (1.16%) VMS
10 16 (0.93%) Android
10 16 (0.93%) Apple iOS
11 14 (0.81%) Solaris
11 14 (0.81%) Windows Server 2008
12 13 (0.75%) AIX
13 7 (0.41%) DC/OS
14 6 (0.35%) Fedora
14 6 (0.35%) SUSE
15 3 (0.17%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
16 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,215 (70.43%) DevOps
2 634 (36.75%) Agile Software Development
3 517 (29.97%) Continuous Integration
4 480 (27.83%) Configuration Management
5 276 (16.00%) Test Automation
6 246 (14.26%) TDD
7 243 (14.09%) Open Source
8 226 (13.10%) Microservices
9 185 (10.72%) Migration
10 181 (10.49%) Continuous Delivery
11 159 (9.22%) OO
12 155 (8.99%) Deployment Automation
13 153 (8.87%) Scrum
14 125 (7.25%) ITIL
15 120 (6.96%) Software Engineering
16 106 (6.14%) Security Operations
17 102 (5.91%) Problem-Solving
18 89 (5.16%) Build Automation
19 85 (4.93%) Digital Transformation Programme
20 80 (4.64%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 699 (40.52%) Python
2 582 (33.74%) Java
3 312 (18.09%) Bash Shell
4 264 (15.30%) Ruby
5 183 (10.61%) JavaScript
6 181 (10.49%) SQL
7 171 (9.91%) PowerShell
8 168 (9.74%) Perl
9 138 (8.00%) Shell Script
10 126 (7.30%) Groovy
11 74 (4.29%) Go
12 59 (3.42%) C#
13 49 (2.84%) Java 8
13 49 (2.84%) PHP
14 40 (2.32%) C++
15 33 (1.91%) Korn
16 29 (1.68%) Scala
17 27 (1.57%) C
18 9 (0.52%) AWK
18 9 (0.52%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 228 (13.22%) Security Cleared
2 182 (10.55%) SC Cleared
3 140 (8.12%) RHCE
4 87 (5.04%) AWS Certification
5 55 (3.19%) Degree
6 53 (3.07%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 39 (2.26%) Cisco Certification
8 35 (2.03%) CCNP
9 30 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
10 12 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (0.46%) IBM Certification
11 8 (0.46%) Master's Degree
12 7 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
13 6 (0.35%) DV Cleared
13 6 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.29%) RHCSA
15 4 (0.23%) CISSP
16 3 (0.17%) CCNA
16 3 (0.17%) CISM
17 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (2.90%) QA
2 32 (1.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 32 (1.86%) PCI DSS
3 28 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 10 (0.58%) GDPR
5 5 (0.29%) PMO
6 2 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.058%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.058%) HIPAA
System Software
1 627 (36.35%) Docker
2 123 (7.13%) Virtual Machines
3 105 (6.09%) Active Directory
4 103 (5.97%) VMware Infrastructure
5 32 (1.86%) Hyper-V
5 32 (1.86%) Xen
6 23 (1.33%) KVM
6 23 (1.33%) NFS
7 22 (1.28%) Virtual Servers
7 22 (1.28%) vSphere
8 19 (1.10%) Oracle RAC
9 17 (0.99%) VirtualBox
10 15 (0.87%) VMware ESXi
11 13 (0.75%) Squid
12 10 (0.58%) Varnish
13 8 (0.46%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 7 (0.41%) HDFS
15 5 (0.29%) Apache Flume
15 5 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 5 (0.29%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,330 (77.10%) Puppet
2 1,223 (70.90%) Ansible
3 566 (32.81%) Terraform
4 444 (25.74%) Kubernetes
5 138 (8.00%) Salt
6 98 (5.68%) Packer
7 52 (3.01%) Docker Swarm
8 48 (2.78%) Mesos
9 47 (2.72%) Nagios
10 46 (2.67%) SELinux
11 42 (2.43%) Prometheus
12 37 (2.14%) Grafana
13 35 (2.03%) Kibana
14 32 (1.86%) Cobbler
15 26 (1.51%) Rancher
16 20 (1.16%) Rundeck
17 17 (0.99%) ZABBIX
18 15 (0.87%) Consul
19 12 (0.70%) logstash
19 12 (0.70%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 265 (15.36%) Red Hat
2 224 (12.99%) Splunk
3 212 (12.29%) Oracle
4 166 (9.62%) Google
5 141 (8.17%) VMware
6 121 (7.01%) Microsoft
7 105 (6.09%) Qualys
8 72 (4.17%) Cisco
9 71 (4.12%) SaltStack
10 63 (3.65%) Atlassian
11 30 (1.74%) Citrix
11 30 (1.74%) New Relic
11 30 (1.74%) ServiceNow
12 28 (1.62%) Cloudera
13 27 (1.57%) SAP
14 26 (1.51%) AppDynamics
15 25 (1.45%) EMC
16 19 (1.10%) IBM
17 17 (0.99%) PagerDuty
17 17 (0.99%) Palo Alto