Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 39 35 33
Rank change year-on-year -4 -2 +5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 5,316 4,890 5,153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.30% 5.03% 4.80%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.63% 16.23% 16.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,816 3,411 3,554
UK median daily rate £463 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.81% +1.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £602 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +6.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 71 77
UK median hourly rate £44.25 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.91% +7.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £21.25 £25.00 £20.95
90th Percentile £50.75 £55.50 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,966 30,129 30,758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.87% 31.01% 28.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,806 20,783 21,241
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £278
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £375
% change year-on-year +1.27% +5.33% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 331 338 565
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.00 £15.04
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.00 £55.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 4,865 £475 +8.57% 1,559
UK excluding London -2 2,695 £425 +6.25% 1,049
London -4 2,568 £500 +5.26% 611
South East +1 862 £420 +1.82% 253
North of England +2 539 £420 +4.93% 278
Midlands -2 367 £400 +2.56% 163
North West -3 315 £425 +3.66% 171
East of England -1 288 £475 +17.68% 143
South West +13 241 £413 +11.49% 109
Scotland +2 238 £418 +19.29% 68
West Midlands +5 233 £413 +3.00% 71
Yorkshire -5 165 £400 -0.12% 89
East Midlands +4 129 £400 +6.67% 91
Wales +6 121 £475 - 27
North East +19 59 £331 -11.67% 18
Northern Ireland +13 52 £413 - 6

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,899 (54.53%) Agile Software Development
2 2,600 (48.91%) Java
3 1,584 (29.80%) JavaScript
4 1,463 (27.52%) Amazon AWS
5 1,416 (26.64%) TDD
6 1,283 (24.13%) REST
7 1,278 (24.04%) SQL
8 1,274 (23.97%) HTML
9 1,273 (23.95%) RESTful
10 1,175 (22.10%) Continuous Integration
11 1,168 (21.97%) Git (software)
12 1,135 (21.35%) CSS
13 1,117 (21.01%) SOAP
14 1,045 (19.66%) Scrum
15 1,041 (19.58%) Spring
16 1,021 (19.21%) Jenkins
17 1,004 (18.89%) .NET
18 980 (18.43%) Finance
19 975 (18.34%) XML
20 954 (17.95%) Linux
21 938 (17.64%) C#
22 887 (16.69%) MVC
23 837 (15.74%) AngularJS
24 834 (15.69%) DevOps
25 827 (15.56%) SQL Server
26 814 (15.31%) Oracle
27 750 (14.11%) BDD
28 743 (13.98%) JSON
29 722 (13.58%) Test Automation
30 664 (12.49%) Microservices

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (4.83%) Tomcat
2 245 (4.61%) Confluence
3 229 (4.31%) Apache
4 209 (3.93%) WebSphere
5 206 (3.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 203 (3.82%) JBoss
7 159 (2.99%) CMS
8 143 (2.69%) Elasticsearch
9 132 (2.48%) WebLogic
10 104 (1.96%) IIS
11 85 (1.60%) Apache Spark
12 80 (1.50%) nginx
13 77 (1.45%) Mule
14 75 (1.41%) SharePoint
15 62 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
16 58 (1.09%) Oracle Service Bus
17 54 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
18 48 (0.90%) Apache Solr
19 44 (0.83%) Sitecore CMS
20 37 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 61 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.79%) MS Visio
3 31 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
4 21 (0.40%) OmniGraffle
5 19 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.23%) Photoshop
7 11 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 11 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.056%) Simulink
9 3 (0.056%) SmartSuite
10 2 (0.038%) GIMP
10 2 (0.038%) Mingle
10 2 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.038%) SPSS
11 1 (0.019%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.019%) Gephi
11 1 (0.019%) HipChat
11 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.019%) InVision
Business Applications
1 71 (1.34%) Payment Gateway
2 43 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
3 30 (0.56%) Oracle BPM
4 29 (0.55%) Oracle EBS
5 20 (0.38%) Magento
6 14 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
6 14 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
7 10 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
8 9 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
9 7 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
10 6 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
10 6 (0.11%) SAP Retail
11 5 (0.094%) ION MarketView
11 5 (0.094%) Oracle Applications
11 5 (0.094%) SDL Web 8
12 4 (0.075%) Adobe Campaign
12 4 (0.075%) Oracle CRM
12 4 (0.075%) RMDS
12 4 (0.075%) SAP SD
12 4 (0.075%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,463 (27.52%) Amazon AWS
2 529 (9.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 155 (2.92%) PaaS
4 154 (2.90%) Serverless
5 152 (2.86%) SaaS
6 140 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
7 134 (2.52%) GitHub
8 131 (2.46%) AWS CloudFormation
8 131 (2.46%) IaaS
9 97 (1.82%) Amazon S3
10 93 (1.75%) Google Cloud Platform
11 75 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
12 68 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
13 60 (1.13%) Office 365
14 58 (1.09%) npm
15 50 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
15 50 (0.94%) Google Analytics
16 36 (0.68%) OpenShift
17 35 (0.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 27 (0.51%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 239 (4.50%) HTTP
2 164 (3.09%) Internet
3 141 (2.65%) TCP/IP
4 107 (2.01%) SSL
5 98 (1.84%) DNS
6 83 (1.56%) Firewall
7 73 (1.37%) LDAP
8 71 (1.34%) VPN
9 61 (1.15%) FTP
10 30 (0.56%) Network Security
11 27 (0.51%) LAN
11 27 (0.51%) SMS
12 25 (0.47%) Kerberos
13 23 (0.43%) DHCP
14 22 (0.41%) WAN
15 20 (0.38%) Intranet
16 19 (0.36%) Reverse Proxy
16 19 (0.36%) SAN
17 17 (0.32%) PuTTY
17 17 (0.32%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 827 (15.56%) SQL Server
2 406 (7.64%) NoSQL
3 398 (7.49%) Relational Database
4 328 (6.17%) MongoDB
5 312 (5.87%) MySQL
6 304 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
7 235 (4.42%) Big Data
8 192 (3.61%) Oracle Database
9 185 (3.48%) Hadoop
10 153 (2.88%) RDBMS
11 119 (2.24%) HBase
12 99 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
13 95 (1.79%) SQL Server 2012
14 91 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
15 90 (1.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 87 (1.64%) Redis
17 79 (1.49%) SQL Server 2008
18 78 (1.47%) DB2
19 68 (1.28%) Apache Hive
20 63 (1.19%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1,168 (21.97%) Git (software)
2 1,021 (19.21%) Jenkins
3 555 (10.44%) Maven
4 506 (9.52%) JIRA
5 398 (7.49%) JUnit
6 328 (6.17%) Selenium
7 286 (5.38%) Subversion
8 267 (5.02%) Cucumber
9 218 (4.10%) TeamCity
10 195 (3.67%) Eclipse
11 188 (3.54%) SoapUI
12 185 (3.48%) Mockito
13 170 (3.20%) Visual Studio
14 168 (3.16%) Gradle
14 168 (3.16%) Team Foundation Server
15 128 (2.41%) Ant
16 108 (2.03%) Grunt
17 107 (2.01%) gulp
18 101 (1.90%) Jasmine
19 98 (1.84%) IntelliJ
General
1 980 (18.43%) Finance
2 403 (7.58%) Banking
3 188 (3.54%) Marketing
4 159 (2.99%) Telecoms
5 157 (2.95%) Retail
6 109 (2.05%) Manufacturing
7 85 (1.60%) Electronics
8 61 (1.15%) Games
9 57 (1.07%) Investment Banking
10 52 (0.98%) Publishing
11 43 (0.81%) Front Office
12 40 (0.75%) Legal
13 33 (0.62%) Advertising
14 32 (0.60%) Retail Banking
15 27 (0.51%) Financial Institution
16 26 (0.49%) Law
17 17 (0.32%) Automotive
18 16 (0.30%) Billing
19 14 (0.26%) Back Office
20 10 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 3,143 (59.12%) Developer
2 1,240 (23.33%) Java Developer
3 475 (8.94%) Architect
4 437 (8.22%) .NET Developer
5 383 (7.20%) Senior Developer
6 350 (6.58%) DevOps Engineer
7 337 (6.34%) C# Developer
8 274 (5.15%) Analyst
9 230 (4.33%) C# .NET Developer
10 223 (4.19%) Senior Java Developer
11 206 (3.88%) Full Stack Developer
12 204 (3.84%) AWS Engineer
13 196 (3.69%) Consultant
14 184 (3.46%) JavaScript Developer
15 179 (3.37%) AWS DevOps
16 170 (3.20%) Agile Developer
17 159 (2.99%) Solutions Architect
18 144 (2.71%) Tester
19 141 (2.65%) Java Engineer
20 140 (2.63%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,283 (24.13%) REST
2 1,274 (23.97%) HTML
3 1,273 (23.95%) RESTful
4 1,135 (21.35%) CSS
5 1,117 (21.01%) SOAP
6 1,041 (19.58%) Spring
7 1,004 (18.89%) .NET
8 975 (18.34%) XML
9 837 (15.74%) AngularJS
10 743 (13.98%) JSON
11 540 (10.16%) HTML5
12 528 (9.93%) Hibernate
13 520 (9.78%) Node.js
14 459 (8.63%) ASP.NET
15 433 (8.15%) J2EE
16 427 (8.03%) jQuery
17 392 (7.37%) ASP.NET Web API
18 385 (7.24%) React
19 363 (6.83%) CSS3
20 315 (5.93%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 298 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
2 265 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
3 230 (4.33%) User Experience
4 226 (4.25%) Enterprise Software
5 206 (3.88%) Computer Science
6 191 (3.59%) Mobile App
7 101 (1.90%) Public Cloud
8 93 (1.75%) N-Tier
9 88 (1.66%) Data Structures
10 87 (1.64%) Virtual Team
11 80 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 78 (1.47%) iPad
13 66 (1.24%) Client/Server
14 55 (1.03%) Data Centre
15 50 (0.94%) Management Information System
16 49 (0.92%) Fintech
17 47 (0.88%) Social Media
18 42 (0.79%) CMDB
19 39 (0.73%) Hybrid Cloud
20 38 (0.71%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 954 (17.95%) Linux
2 490 (9.22%) Windows
3 403 (7.58%) Unix
4 168 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 144 (2.71%) Apple iOS
6 133 (2.50%) Android
7 129 (2.43%) Windows Server
8 84 (1.58%) CentOS
9 63 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
10 46 (0.87%) Mac OS X
11 36 (0.68%) Ubuntu
12 32 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
13 24 (0.45%) Solaris
14 17 (0.32%) Windows 7
15 16 (0.30%) Windows 10
16 14 (0.26%) HPUX
17 13 (0.24%) Debian
17 13 (0.24%) Windows 8
18 11 (0.21%) AIX
19 10 (0.19%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,899 (54.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,416 (26.64%) TDD
3 1,175 (22.10%) Continuous Integration
4 1,045 (19.66%) Scrum
5 887 (16.69%) MVC
6 834 (15.69%) DevOps
7 750 (14.11%) BDD
8 722 (13.58%) Test Automation
9 664 (12.49%) Microservices
10 561 (10.55%) SOA
11 443 (8.33%) OO
12 440 (8.28%) Software Engineering
12 440 (8.28%) Unit Testing
13 430 (8.09%) Open Source
14 398 (7.49%) E-Commerce
15 391 (7.36%) Web Development
16 383 (7.20%) Kanban
17 370 (6.96%) Continuous Delivery
18 344 (6.47%) SDLC
19 321 (6.04%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,600 (48.91%) Java
2 1,584 (29.80%) JavaScript
3 1,278 (24.04%) SQL
4 938 (17.64%) C#
5 650 (12.23%) Python
6 357 (6.72%) Ruby
7 245 (4.61%) Scala
8 242 (4.55%) Groovy
9 233 (4.38%) Bash Shell
10 225 (4.23%) T-SQL
11 206 (3.88%) PL/SQL
12 175 (3.29%) PHP
13 174 (3.27%) PowerShell
14 110 (2.07%) C
15 109 (2.05%) XPath
16 108 (2.03%) C++
16 108 (2.03%) ES6
17 104 (1.96%) Perl
18 102 (1.92%) VB.NET
19 100 (1.88%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 430 (8.09%) Security Cleared
2 365 (6.87%) Degree
3 295 (5.55%) SC Cleared
4 103 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 50 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 47 (0.88%) DV Cleared
7 36 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
8 34 (0.64%) AWS Certification
9 30 (0.56%) ISEB
10 22 (0.41%) ISTQB
10 22 (0.41%) Master's Degree
11 15 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
12 12 (0.23%) PMP
13 9 (0.17%) BC Cleared
13 9 (0.17%) CISM
13 9 (0.17%) CISSP
13 9 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
13 9 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 9 (0.17%) MCP
13 9 (0.17%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 299 (5.62%) QA
2 35 (0.66%) GDPR
3 33 (0.62%) HL7
4 32 (0.60%) PCI DSS
5 27 (0.51%) SLA
6 24 (0.45%) MiFID
7 21 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 20 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
9 12 (0.23%) GCP
10 10 (0.19%) GAAP
11 9 (0.17%) Data Quality
12 4 (0.075%) Actionable Recommendations
12 4 (0.075%) PA-DSS
13 3 (0.056%) Dodd-Frank
13 3 (0.056%) EMIR
13 3 (0.056%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.056%) ISO 8583
13 3 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.056%) PMO
13 3 (0.056%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 630 (11.85%) Docker
2 153 (2.88%) Active Directory
3 82 (1.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (0.92%) HDFS
5 47 (0.88%) vSphere
6 41 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.68%) Apache Flume
8 28 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
9 20 (0.38%) Hyper-V
10 18 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 17 (0.32%) vCloud
12 13 (0.24%) Varnish
13 8 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.11%) etcd
15 5 (0.094%) FreeRADIUS
15 5 (0.094%) KVM
15 5 (0.094%) LXC
15 5 (0.094%) Shibboleth
15 5 (0.094%) VirtualBox
15 5 (0.094%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 408 (7.67%) Ansible
2 365 (6.87%) Puppet
3 231 (4.35%) Kubernetes
4 222 (4.18%) Opscode Chef
5 211 (3.97%) Terraform
6 89 (1.67%) logstash
7 48 (0.90%) Salt
8 43 (0.81%) Kibana
9 38 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
10 36 (0.68%) Mesos
11 34 (0.64%) Packer
12 32 (0.60%) Oozie
13 25 (0.47%) Consul
13 25 (0.47%) SCCM
14 22 (0.41%) Nagios
15 21 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
16 20 (0.38%) Rancher
17 18 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
18 17 (0.32%) SCOM
19 15 (0.28%) Grafana
Vendors
1 814 (15.31%) Oracle
2 614 (11.55%) Microsoft
3 199 (3.74%) Google
4 160 (3.01%) IBM
5 155 (2.92%) SAP
6 142 (2.67%) Red Hat
7 137 (2.58%) Salesforce.com
8 134 (2.52%) VMware
9 106 (1.99%) ServiceNow
10 85 (1.60%) HP
11 71 (1.34%) Sitecore
12 70 (1.32%) WSO2
13 61 (1.15%) Splunk
14 60 (1.13%) Adobe
15 52 (0.98%) Atlassian
16 50 (0.94%) New Relic
17 48 (0.90%) ATG
18 46 (0.87%) hybris
19 44 (0.83%) MuleSoft
20 41 (0.77%) TIBCO