Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 39 34 36
Rank change year-on-year -5 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 5297 5278 5317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.19% 4.99% 4.63%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.20% 16.44% 16.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 3728 3716 3628
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £290
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.75% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 63 74 76
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% +6.67%
10th Percentile £25.25 £29.65 £22.25
90th Percentile £52.00 £57.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +6.88% +14.29%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32706 32101 32482
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.04% 30.38% 28.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 23099 22264 22271
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 373 368 548
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.10 £14.09 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.60 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +10.81% -1.33% +10.29%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 4821 £463 +5.71% 515
UK excluding London 0 2648 £415 +3.75% 357
London -4 2592 £500 +5.26% 178
South East +4 895 £400 -5.82% 86
North of England 0 478 £425 +6.25% 115
Midlands -8 330 £400 +6.67% 54
North West +2 297 £425 +6.25% 65
East of England -11 276 £461 +15.25% 48
South West +10 245 £403 +7.33% 33
Scotland 0 236 £400 +14.29% 17
West Midlands -8 180 £423 +12.67% 33
East Midlands +1 147 £388 +6.90% 21
Yorkshire -26 127 £420 +1.82% 40
Wales +17 112 £475 +4.97% 4
Northern Ireland +14 86 £413 +50.00%
North East +33 54 £350 -17.65% 10

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2776 (52.41%) Agile Software Development
2 2578 (48.67%) Java
3 1641 (30.98%) JavaScript
4 1401 (26.45%) Amazon AWS
5 1377 (26.00%) SQL
6 1357 (25.62%) HTML
6 1357 (25.62%) TDD
7 1337 (25.24%) REST
8 1251 (23.62%) RESTful
9 1199 (22.64%) CSS
10 1141 (21.54%) Git (software)
11 1115 (21.05%) SOAP
12 1094 (20.65%) Continuous Integration
13 1070 (20.20%) Scrum
14 1041 (19.65%) .NET
15 1038 (19.60%) Spring
16 1030 (19.44%) XML
17 969 (18.29%) Finance
18 966 (18.24%) Jenkins
19 958 (18.09%) Linux
20 933 (17.61%) C#
21 893 (16.86%) AngularJS
22 870 (16.42%) MVC
23 855 (16.14%) Oracle
24 838 (15.82%) SQL Server
25 798 (15.07%) DevOps
26 775 (14.63%) JSON
27 772 (14.57%) Test Automation
28 692 (13.06%) BDD
29 648 (12.23%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 241 (4.55%) Tomcat
2 226 (4.27%) JBoss
3 225 (4.25%) WebSphere
4 224 (4.23%) Confluence
5 220 (4.15%) Apache
6 189 (3.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 165 (3.11%) CMS
8 141 (2.66%) WebLogic
9 131 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
10 126 (2.38%) IIS
11 90 (1.70%) SharePoint
12 86 (1.62%) Apache Spark
13 67 (1.26%) nginx
14 62 (1.17%) Mule
15 55 (1.04%) WebSphere Application Server
16 54 (1.02%) Apache Solr
17 46 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
18 44 (0.83%) Drupal
19 42 (0.79%) Sitecore CMS
20 37 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 62 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 54 (1.02%) MS Visio
3 22 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.42%) OmniGraffle
4 19 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 14 (0.26%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 7 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 7 (0.13%) SmartSuite
9 3 (0.057%) Simulink
10 2 (0.038%) Adobe After Effects
10 2 (0.038%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.038%) InDesign
10 2 (0.038%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.038%) Mingle
10 2 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.038%) SPSS
11 1 (0.019%) Gephi
11 1 (0.019%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 69 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 59 (1.11%) Payment Gateway
3 30 (0.57%) Magento
4 27 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
5 20 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
6 17 (0.32%) BusinessWorks
7 11 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
8 10 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
9 9 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
10 8 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
10 8 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
11 7 (0.13%) SAP IS-U
12 6 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
12 6 (0.11%) RMDS
12 6 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 6 (0.11%) SAP Retail
13 5 (0.094%) NetSuite
13 5 (0.094%) SDL Web 8
14 4 (0.076%) SAP SD
14 4 (0.076%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1401 (26.45%) Amazon AWS
2 457 (8.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 153 (2.89%) SaaS
4 152 (2.87%) Serverless
5 135 (2.55%) AWS CloudFormation
6 132 (2.49%) GitHub
7 124 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
8 123 (2.32%) PaaS
9 106 (2.00%) IaaS
10 102 (1.93%) Amazon S3
11 79 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
12 77 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
13 67 (1.26%) Google Cloud Platform
14 62 (1.17%) npm
15 55 (1.04%) Office 365
16 50 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
17 42 (0.79%) Google Analytics
18 40 (0.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 36 (0.68%) OpenShift
20 29 (0.55%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 211 (3.98%) HTTP
2 166 (3.13%) Internet
3 133 (2.51%) TCP/IP
4 99 (1.87%) DNS
5 88 (1.66%) SSL
6 83 (1.57%) LDAP
7 80 (1.51%) Firewall
8 55 (1.04%) FTP
9 51 (0.96%) VPN
10 42 (0.79%) Network Security
11 32 (0.60%) Intranet
12 26 (0.49%) LAN
13 25 (0.47%) SMS
14 22 (0.42%) SSH
14 22 (0.42%) WAN
15 21 (0.40%) DHCP
16 20 (0.38%) SAN
17 18 (0.34%) PuTTY
17 18 (0.34%) WinSCP
18 16 (0.30%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 838 (15.82%) SQL Server
2 419 (7.91%) Relational Database
3 418 (7.89%) NoSQL
4 329 (6.21%) MongoDB
5 306 (5.78%) MySQL
6 238 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
7 222 (4.19%) Big Data
8 183 (3.45%) Oracle Database
9 175 (3.30%) RDBMS
10 166 (3.13%) Hadoop
11 112 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 106 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
13 101 (1.91%) SQL Server 2012
14 96 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
15 95 (1.79%) HBase
16 87 (1.64%) DB2
16 87 (1.64%) Redis
16 87 (1.64%) SQL Server 2008
17 70 (1.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 63 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1141 (21.54%) Git (software)
2 966 (18.24%) Jenkins
3 571 (10.78%) Maven
4 512 (9.67%) JIRA
5 423 (7.99%) JUnit
6 339 (6.40%) Selenium
7 326 (6.15%) Subversion
8 274 (5.17%) Cucumber
9 213 (4.02%) Eclipse
10 205 (3.87%) SoapUI
11 187 (3.53%) TeamCity
12 183 (3.45%) Team Foundation Server
13 178 (3.36%) Mockito
14 177 (3.34%) Gradle
14 177 (3.34%) Visual Studio
15 151 (2.85%) Ant
16 134 (2.53%) Grunt
17 132 (2.49%) gulp
18 121 (2.28%) IntelliJ
19 114 (2.15%) WebDriver
General
1 969 (18.29%) Finance
2 433 (8.17%) Banking
3 181 (3.42%) Marketing
4 170 (3.21%) Retail
5 153 (2.89%) Telecoms
6 97 (1.83%) Manufacturing
7 78 (1.47%) Electronics
8 75 (1.42%) Front Office
9 67 (1.26%) Publishing
10 63 (1.19%) Games
11 52 (0.98%) Investment Banking
12 43 (0.81%) Legal
13 29 (0.55%) Advertising
13 29 (0.55%) Retail Banking
14 28 (0.53%) Financial Institution
15 26 (0.49%) Automotive
15 26 (0.49%) Law
16 20 (0.38%) Back Office
17 13 (0.25%) Corporate Banking
18 12 (0.23%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3219 (60.77%) Developer
2 1251 (23.62%) Java Developer
3 468 (8.84%) Architect
4 433 (8.17%) .NET Developer
5 387 (7.31%) Senior Developer
6 312 (5.89%) DevOps Engineer
7 307 (5.80%) C# Developer
8 277 (5.23%) Analyst
9 222 (4.19%) Senior Java Developer
10 220 (4.15%) JavaScript Developer
11 207 (3.91%) C# .NET Developer
12 200 (3.78%) AWS Engineer
13 190 (3.59%) Agile Developer
13 190 (3.59%) Full Stack Developer
14 184 (3.47%) Consultant
15 179 (3.38%) AWS DevOps
16 157 (2.96%) Tester
17 149 (2.81%) SQL Developer
18 148 (2.79%) Web Developer
19 141 (2.66%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1357 (25.62%) HTML
2 1337 (25.24%) REST
3 1251 (23.62%) RESTful
4 1199 (22.64%) CSS
5 1115 (21.05%) SOAP
6 1041 (19.65%) .NET
7 1038 (19.60%) Spring
8 1030 (19.44%) XML
9 893 (16.86%) AngularJS
10 775 (14.63%) JSON
11 594 (11.21%) HTML5
12 521 (9.84%) Node.js
13 518 (9.78%) Hibernate
14 463 (8.74%) jQuery
15 444 (8.38%) ASP.NET
16 418 (7.89%) J2EE
17 373 (7.04%) CSS3
18 365 (6.89%) React
19 352 (6.65%) ASP.NET Web API
20 323 (6.10%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 336 (6.34%) Analytical Skills
2 256 (4.83%) User Experience
3 238 (4.49%) Computer Science
4 212 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
5 203 (3.83%) Enterprise Software
6 199 (3.76%) Mobile App
7 100 (1.89%) Data Structures
8 98 (1.85%) N-Tier
9 93 (1.76%) Virtual Team
10 89 (1.68%) Algorithms
11 77 (1.45%) iPad
12 75 (1.42%) Public Cloud
13 69 (1.30%) Client/Server
14 56 (1.06%) Management Information System
15 49 (0.93%) Fintech
15 49 (0.93%) Social Media
16 47 (0.89%) CMDB
17 38 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 35 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
19 34 (0.64%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 958 (18.09%) Linux
2 505 (9.53%) Windows
3 402 (7.59%) Unix
4 156 (2.95%) Apple iOS
5 146 (2.76%) Android
6 129 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 121 (2.28%) Windows Server
8 63 (1.19%) CentOS
9 59 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
10 35 (0.66%) Ubuntu
10 35 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
11 33 (0.62%) Mac OS X
12 31 (0.59%) Solaris
13 21 (0.40%) HPUX
14 16 (0.30%) AIX
15 15 (0.28%) Debian
15 15 (0.28%) SUSE
15 15 (0.28%) Windows 10
16 12 (0.23%) Windows 7
17 11 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2776 (52.41%) Agile Software Development
2 1357 (25.62%) TDD
3 1094 (20.65%) Continuous Integration
4 1070 (20.20%) Scrum
5 870 (16.42%) MVC
6 798 (15.07%) DevOps
7 772 (14.57%) Test Automation
8 692 (13.06%) BDD
9 585 (11.04%) Microservices
10 577 (10.89%) SOA
11 501 (9.46%) OO
12 452 (8.53%) Software Engineering
13 442 (8.34%) Web Development
14 431 (8.14%) Open Source
15 416 (7.85%) Unit Testing
16 390 (7.36%) E-Commerce
17 389 (7.34%) Kanban
18 336 (6.34%) SDLC
19 323 (6.10%) Continuous Delivery
20 311 (5.87%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2578 (48.67%) Java
2 1641 (30.98%) JavaScript
3 1377 (26.00%) SQL
4 933 (17.61%) C#
5 646 (12.20%) Python
6 303 (5.72%) Ruby
7 267 (5.04%) T-SQL
8 229 (4.32%) Scala
9 203 (3.83%) Groovy
10 195 (3.68%) PL/SQL
11 191 (3.61%) PHP
12 189 (3.57%) Bash Shell
13 156 (2.95%) PowerShell
14 123 (2.32%) Shell Script
15 115 (2.17%) VB.NET
16 114 (2.15%) Perl
17 109 (2.06%) C++
18 101 (1.91%) TypeScript
19 97 (1.83%) Apple Swift
19 97 (1.83%) C
Qualifications
1 381 (7.19%) Security Cleared
2 351 (6.63%) Degree
3 269 (5.08%) SC Cleared
4 110 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 43 (0.81%) ISEB
6 39 (0.74%) DV Cleared
7 38 (0.72%) AWS Certification
7 38 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
7 38 (0.72%) ISTQB
8 35 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
9 21 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
10 14 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (0.25%) CISM
11 13 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 12 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
13 11 (0.21%) CISSP
13 11 (0.21%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.17%) BC Cleared
15 8 (0.15%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.15%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 329 (6.21%) QA
2 35 (0.66%) GDPR
3 29 (0.55%) SLA
4 26 (0.49%) MiFID
4 26 (0.49%) PCI DSS
5 17 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.28%) HL7
7 14 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 13 (0.25%) Data Quality
9 11 (0.21%) GCP
10 8 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
11 5 (0.094%) EMIR
11 5 (0.094%) GPG13
12 4 (0.076%) COBIT
12 4 (0.076%) PA-DSS
13 3 (0.057%) Dodd-Frank
13 3 (0.057%) WCAG
14 2 (0.038%) RosettaNet
14 2 (0.038%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.038%) Solvency II
System Software
1 552 (10.42%) Docker
2 134 (2.53%) Active Directory
3 64 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
5 33 (0.62%) vSphere
6 28 (0.53%) HDFS
7 23 (0.43%) Apache Flume
8 18 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 17 (0.32%) Varnish
10 10 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.19%) vCloud
11 7 (0.13%) LXC
12 6 (0.11%) etcd
13 5 (0.094%) FreeRADIUS
14 4 (0.076%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.076%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.057%) UAG
15 3 (0.057%) VMware NSX
15 3 (0.057%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 369 (6.97%) Ansible
2 328 (6.19%) Puppet
3 217 (4.10%) Opscode Chef
4 186 (3.51%) Kubernetes
5 175 (3.30%) Terraform
6 74 (1.40%) logstash
7 48 (0.91%) Kibana
8 45 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
9 34 (0.64%) Salt
10 32 (0.60%) Packer
11 26 (0.49%) Consul
12 25 (0.47%) Nagios
13 22 (0.42%) Rancher
13 22 (0.42%) SCCM
14 21 (0.40%) Mesos
15 16 (0.30%) Control-M
15 16 (0.30%) Oozie
15 16 (0.30%) Prometheus
15 16 (0.30%) SCOM
16 15 (0.28%) Grafana
Vendors
1 855 (16.14%) Oracle
2 648 (12.23%) Microsoft
3 162 (3.06%) SAP
4 154 (2.91%) IBM
5 145 (2.74%) Google
6 134 (2.53%) Red Hat
7 131 (2.47%) ServiceNow
8 130 (2.45%) Salesforce.com
9 118 (2.23%) VMware
10 88 (1.66%) HP
11 81 (1.53%) Sitecore
12 65 (1.23%) New Relic
13 62 (1.17%) Adobe
14 61 (1.15%) WSO2
15 58 (1.09%) ATG
16 50 (0.94%) TIBCO
17 46 (0.87%) hybris
17 46 (0.87%) Sybase
18 45 (0.85%) Atlassian
18 45 (0.85%) MuleSoft