Period
to 24 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
24 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 44 54 45
Rank change year-on-year +10 -9 -3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,527 3,501 4,992
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.80% 4.14% 4.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.55% 13.43% 13.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,294 2,139 3,468
Median daily rate £550 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £394 £363 £340
90th Percentile £750 £646 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 38 39
Median hourly rate £35.00 £49.21 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.88% +15.79% +3.66%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -33.33% +23.53% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,822 26,067 36,075
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.85% 30.86% 34.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,511 18,132 25,435
Median daily rate £488 £498 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.01% +4.74% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £338 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -0.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 136 277 319
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +2.34% +3.83%
10th Percentile £25.70 £20.26 £16.05
90th Percentile £61.64 £68.50 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +3.66% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 24 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 1,425 £563 +12.50% 477
London +31 1,024 £600 +11.63% 186
UK excluding London -21 409 £475 +5.56% 329
Work from Home -10 231 £525 -4.55% 91
South East -13 105 £475 +5.56% 56
South West +17 88 £525 +16.67% 52
North of England -36 71 £463 +3.93% 95
Midlands -19 59 £350 -26.32% 67
North West -11 41 £463 +2.78% 51
East of England -10 40 £475 +5.56% 21
West Midlands -24 35 £357 -24.89% 38
Scotland -10 33 £500 +17.65% 22
Yorkshire -8 22 £475 -5.00% 29
East Midlands +4 20 £315 -21.25% 29
Wales +14 7 £475 +15.15% 11
North East -2 7 £425 - 15
Northern Ireland +7 6 £441 -7.16% 5

For the 6 months to 24 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 903 (59.14%) Agile Software Development
2 869 (56.91%) Java
3 806 (52.78%) AWS
4 664 (43.48%) Finance
5 577 (37.79%) JavaScript
6 575 (37.66%) Python
7 523 (34.25%) Software Engineering
8 504 (33.01%) Asset Management
9 452 (29.60%) Azure
10 417 (27.31%) DevOps
11 406 (26.59%) Front Office
12 402 (26.33%) AngularJS
13 400 (26.20%) Fixed Income
14 388 (25.41%) Derivative
15 381 (24.95%) Microservices
16 379 (24.82%) SQL
17 359 (23.51%) Investment Management
17 359 (23.51%) Hedge funds
18 348 (22.79%) Equities
19 335 (21.94%) React
20 310 (20.30%) Banking
21 304 (19.91%) Docker
22 295 (19.32%) Kubernetes
23 291 (19.06%) Jenkins
24 287 (18.80%) GCP
25 282 (18.47%) REST
26 279 (18.27%) SOAP
27 265 (17.35%) Oracle
28 262 (17.16%) Serverless
29 259 (16.96%) SQL Server

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (10.02%) Apache
2 74 (4.85%) Confluence
3 59 (3.86%) Mule
4 56 (3.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 53 (3.47%) Red Hat Fuse
6 50 (3.27%) WebLogic
7 40 (2.62%) WebSphere
8 39 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
9 37 (2.42%) Tomcat
10 32 (2.10%) Oracle Service Bus
11 28 (1.83%) JBoss
12 27 (1.77%) SharePoint
13 25 (1.64%) IIS
14 22 (1.44%) Apache Spark
14 22 (1.44%) Appian
15 19 (1.24%) BizTalk Server
16 17 (1.11%) CMS
17 14 (0.92%) Oracle Workflow
18 13 (0.85%) WebSphere Application Server
19 10 (0.65%) AquaLogic
Applications
1 17 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.39%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.33%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.33%) RoboHelp
4 4 (0.26%) Sketch
5 3 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
6 2 (0.13%) LaTeX
6 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.065%) CPLEX
7 1 (0.065%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 22 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.98%) Oracle BPM
3 10 (0.65%) Oracle ERP
4 6 (0.39%) Siebel CRM
5 5 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.26%) Magento
6 4 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.20%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.13%) Maximo
8 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.13%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 2 (0.13%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.13%) SimCorp Dimension
8 2 (0.13%) StreamServe
8 2 (0.13%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 806 (52.78%) AWS
2 452 (29.60%) Azure
3 287 (18.80%) GCP
4 262 (17.16%) Serverless
5 241 (15.78%) AWS Lambda
6 161 (10.54%) Amazon ECS
7 150 (9.82%) Amazon EC2
8 144 (9.43%) Amazon S3
9 88 (5.76%) Apigee
10 86 (5.63%) OpenShift
11 76 (4.98%) AWS CloudFormation
12 75 (4.91%) Amazon SQS
13 41 (2.69%) GitHub
14 36 (2.36%) SaaS
15 34 (2.23%) Power Platform
16 33 (2.16%) PaaS
17 30 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
18 24 (1.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 20 (1.31%) Amazon EKS
19 20 (1.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 70 (4.58%) HTTP
2 16 (1.05%) TCP/IP
3 14 (0.92%) DNS
3 14 (0.92%) Internet
4 13 (0.85%) Firewall
5 9 (0.59%) FTP
5 9 (0.59%) Network Security
6 8 (0.52%) Ethernet
6 8 (0.52%) Reverse Proxy
7 6 (0.39%) Skype
7 6 (0.39%) SSL
7 6 (0.39%) VPN
7 6 (0.39%) WAN
8 5 (0.33%) Remote Desktop
8 5 (0.33%) SMTP
9 4 (0.26%) LAN
9 4 (0.26%) SSH
10 3 (0.20%) AMQP
10 3 (0.20%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.20%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (16.96%) SQL Server
2 174 (11.39%) MySQL
3 143 (9.36%) PostgreSQL
4 141 (9.23%) Amazon Redshift
5 98 (6.42%) NoSQL
6 97 (6.35%) Relational Database
7 88 (5.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 86 (5.63%) Amazon RDS
9 73 (4.78%) MongoDB
10 55 (3.60%) Data Warehouse
11 49 (3.21%) Oracle Database
12 43 (2.82%) Big Data
13 30 (1.96%) RDBMS
14 29 (1.90%) Apache Ignite
15 27 (1.77%) Power BI
16 25 (1.64%) Hadoop
17 24 (1.57%) Amazon Aurora
18 23 (1.51%) Redis
19 20 (1.31%) Oracle Database 11g
20 19 (1.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 291 (19.06%) Jenkins
2 189 (12.38%) Git (software)
3 135 (8.84%) Artifactory
4 111 (7.27%) JIRA
5 106 (6.94%) Maven
6 98 (6.42%) GitLab
7 82 (5.37%) JUnit
8 79 (5.17%) RStudio
9 65 (4.26%) Cucumber
10 58 (3.80%) Selenium
11 43 (2.82%) Mockito
12 42 (2.75%) Team Foundation Server
13 38 (2.49%) Visual Studio
14 37 (2.42%) Gradle
15 33 (2.16%) Subversion
16 31 (2.03%) Eclipse
16 31 (2.03%) SoapUI
17 29 (1.90%) JMeter
18 27 (1.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 26 (1.70%) Bitbucket
General
1 664 (43.48%) Finance
2 406 (26.59%) Front Office
3 310 (20.30%) Banking
4 167 (10.94%) Investment Banking
5 126 (8.25%) Public Sector
6 64 (4.19%) Marketing
7 60 (3.93%) Telecoms
8 47 (3.08%) Manufacturing
9 42 (2.75%) Electronics
10 38 (2.49%) Back Office
11 20 (1.31%) Law
12 13 (0.85%) Retail
13 8 (0.52%) Aerospace
13 8 (0.52%) Games
13 8 (0.52%) Military
13 8 (0.52%) Police
14 7 (0.46%) Legal
15 6 (0.39%) French Language
16 5 (0.33%) Billing
17 4 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 890 (58.28%) Developer
2 277 (18.14%) Java Developer
3 275 (18.01%) Software Engineer
4 257 (16.83%) AWS Engineer
5 241 (15.78%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 203 (13.29%) AWS Developer
7 189 (12.38%) Architect
8 154 (10.09%) Python Developer
9 139 (9.10%) Java Engineer
10 127 (8.32%) JavaScript Developer
11 125 (8.19%) AWS Software Engineer
12 116 (7.60%) Python Engineer
13 109 (7.14%) Senior Developer
14 103 (6.75%) Java Software Developer
15 85 (5.57%) Java Software Engineer
16 78 (5.11%) Lead Developer
17 77 (5.04%) DevOps Engineer
17 77 (5.04%) Python Software Engineer
18 76 (4.98%) JavaScript Engineer
19 75 (4.91%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 402 (26.33%) AngularJS
2 335 (21.94%) React
3 282 (18.47%) REST
4 279 (18.27%) SOAP
5 247 (16.18%) Vue.js
6 233 (15.26%) XML
7 226 (14.80%) .NET
8 219 (14.34%) RESTful
9 199 (13.03%) Node.js
10 191 (12.51%) Spring
11 184 (12.05%) HTML
12 171 (11.20%) JSON
13 161 (10.54%) CSS
14 134 (8.78%) J2EE
15 115 (7.53%) gRPC
16 113 (7.40%) Middleware
17 112 (7.33%) ASP.NET
18 104 (6.81%) Swagger
19 85 (5.57%) OAuth
19 85 (5.57%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 400 (26.20%) Fixed Income
2 388 (25.41%) Derivative
3 359 (23.51%) Hedge funds
4 348 (22.79%) Equities
5 254 (16.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 100 (6.55%) Greenfield Project
7 85 (5.57%) Analytical Skills
8 75 (4.91%) User Experience
9 47 (3.08%) Blog
10 40 (2.62%) Credit Derivative
11 38 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
12 34 (2.23%) Public Cloud
13 31 (2.03%) Data Structures
14 29 (1.90%) Management Information System
15 26 (1.70%) Mobile App
16 23 (1.51%) CMDB
17 20 (1.31%) Cloud Native
18 14 (0.92%) Pricing Data
18 14 (0.92%) Private Cloud
19 13 (0.85%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 151 (9.89%) Linux
2 89 (5.83%) Windows
3 74 (4.85%) Unix
4 22 (1.44%) Apple iOS
5 21 (1.38%) Android
6 20 (1.31%) Windows Server
7 16 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (0.79%) CentOS
9 9 (0.59%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
11 4 (0.26%) tvOS
11 4 (0.26%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.26%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.20%) AIX
12 3 (0.20%) Debian
13 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.13%) Solaris
14 1 (0.065%) Tizen
Processes & Methodologies
1 903 (59.14%) Agile Software Development
2 523 (34.25%) Software Engineering
3 504 (33.01%) Asset Management
4 417 (27.31%) DevOps
5 381 (24.95%) Microservices
6 359 (23.51%) Investment Management
7 238 (15.59%) Scrum
8 179 (11.72%) TDD
9 159 (10.41%) Migration
10 145 (9.50%) Test Automation
11 141 (9.23%) Decision-Making
12 126 (8.25%) Continuous Integration
13 118 (7.73%) SOA
14 116 (7.60%) BDD
15 107 (7.01%) Open Source
16 102 (6.68%) Portfolio Management
17 101 (6.61%) Analytics
18 93 (6.09%) Business Intelligence
18 93 (6.09%) Fintech
18 93 (6.09%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 869 (56.91%) Java
2 577 (37.79%) JavaScript
3 575 (37.66%) Python
4 379 (24.82%) SQL
5 227 (14.87%) C#
6 101 (6.61%) Kotlin
7 99 (6.48%) R
8 93 (6.09%) TypeScript
9 65 (4.26%) Java 8
10 50 (3.27%) Bash Shell
11 49 (3.21%) PL/SQL
12 48 (3.14%) C
12 48 (3.14%) C++
13 45 (2.95%) PowerShell
14 42 (2.75%) Scala
15 34 (2.23%) Apex Code
15 34 (2.23%) XPath
16 32 (2.10%) Shell Script
17 28 (1.83%) T-SQL
18 25 (1.64%) PHP
Qualifications
1 167 (10.94%) Security Cleared
2 157 (10.28%) SC Cleared
3 63 (4.13%) Degree
4 32 (2.10%) DV Cleared
5 25 (1.64%) Sun Certification
6 18 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (1.11%) ISTQB
8 14 (0.92%) AWS Certification
8 14 (0.92%) CCA
8 14 (0.92%) ISEB
9 12 (0.79%) CISSP
9 12 (0.79%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 10 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.39%) CCIE
12 6 (0.39%) Master's Degree
13 5 (0.33%) CISM
13 5 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.26%) CCNA
14 4 (0.26%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (3.67%) QA
2 14 (0.92%) GDPR
3 13 (0.85%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.39%) SLA
5 5 (0.33%) NCSC
5 5 (0.33%) NIST
6 4 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.13%) GxP
8 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.065%) COBIT
9 1 (0.065%) COSO
9 1 (0.065%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.065%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.065%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.065%) NIST 800
System Software
1 304 (19.91%) Docker
2 36 (2.36%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.52%) NDS
4 8 (0.52%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 6 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (0.33%) GeoWebCache
6 5 (0.33%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.33%) Postfix
6 5 (0.33%) VMware NSX
6 5 (0.33%) VMware Workstation
7 4 (0.26%) vSphere
8 3 (0.20%) RACF
9 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.13%) etcd
9 2 (0.13%) NFS
9 2 (0.13%) Varnish
9 2 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.065%) iptables
Systems Management
1 295 (19.32%) Kubernetes
2 152 (9.95%) Terraform
3 60 (3.93%) Ansible
4 30 (1.96%) Packer
5 28 (1.83%) Kibana
6 27 (1.77%) Puppet
7 22 (1.44%) logstash
8 16 (1.05%) Single Sign-On
9 13 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
10 12 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
11 11 (0.72%) Prometheus
12 10 (0.65%) Consul
13 9 (0.59%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 8 (0.52%) Grafana
15 6 (0.39%) SCOM
16 4 (0.26%) Forefront Identity Manager
17 3 (0.20%) HAProxy
17 3 (0.20%) Oracle Identity Manager
17 3 (0.20%) Oracle ZFS
17 3 (0.20%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 265 (17.35%) Oracle
2 231 (15.13%) Google
3 136 (8.91%) Microsoft
4 67 (4.39%) SAP
5 61 (3.99%) Salesforce.com
6 39 (2.55%) IBM
7 35 (2.29%) MuleSoft
8 31 (2.03%) ServiceNow
9 28 (1.83%) Atlassian
9 28 (1.83%) Sybase
10 26 (1.70%) WSO2
11 25 (1.64%) Talend
12 23 (1.51%) Bloomberg
13 22 (1.44%) Pega
13 22 (1.44%) Red Hat
14 20 (1.31%) VMware
15 19 (1.24%) Cloudera
16 17 (1.11%) Hortonworks
17 16 (1.05%) HP
18 15 (0.98%) Remedy