Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 44 44
Rank change year-on-year -6 0 -7
Contract jobs citing Web Services 3,997 5,046 4,579
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.44% 4.94% 4.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.04% 14.29% 14.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,417 3,466 3,083
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £358 £331 £313
90th Percentile £638 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £427 £405
% change year-on-year +5.34% +5.48% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 45 52
UK median hourly rate £47.96 £42.50 £41.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.85% +1.80% -1.76%
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.72 £21.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £89.95 £53.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +17.65% +6.25% -5.88%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,474 35,309 31,017
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.63% 34.54% 32.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,830 24,908 21,405
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £335 £320 £306
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 340 382
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.82% +3.75% +9.59%
10th Percentile £18.65 £15.24 £16.00
90th Percentile £60.38 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +11.11%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 3,728 £500 +5.26% 1,180
UK excluding London -13 2,015 £450 +5.34% 893
London -1 1,910 £525 +5.00% 370
South East -12 591 £450 - 230
North of England -11 384 £425 +4.42% 248
Midlands +1 297 £475 +15.50% 151
East of England -17 263 £455 -13.33% 90
South West +18 262 £450 +5.88% 91
North West -23 203 £425 +6.25% 136
West Midlands +9 194 £475 +15.15% 99
Scotland +9 158 £444 -1.39% 56
Yorkshire -2 143 £440 +3.53% 84
East Midlands -5 91 £450 +12.50% 52
Wales -27 45 £415 +0.61% 18
North East +3 38 £419 +3.78% 28
Northern Ireland -2 18 £475 +10.21% 9
Channel Islands - 2 £625 -

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,942 (48.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,658 (41.48%) Java
3 1,417 (35.45%) Amazon AWS
4 1,196 (29.92%) JavaScript
5 889 (22.24%) C#
6 885 (22.14%) Finance
7 860 (21.52%) .NET
8 844 (21.12%) DevOps
9 829 (20.74%) SOAP
10 821 (20.54%) SQL
11 805 (20.14%) REST
12 784 (19.61%) TDD
13 761 (19.04%) Scrum
14 757 (18.94%) RESTful
15 738 (18.46%) Git (software)
16 731 (18.29%) Microsoft Azure
16 731 (18.29%) Jenkins
17 715 (17.89%) XML
18 696 (17.41%) HTML
19 683 (17.09%) Microservices
20 675 (16.89%) Continuous Integration
21 650 (16.26%) Docker
22 637 (15.94%) Python
23 617 (15.44%) CSS
24 602 (15.06%) SQL Server
25 573 (14.34%) Microsoft
26 548 (13.71%) Linux
27 546 (13.66%) Test Automation
28 533 (13.34%) Software Engineering
29 523 (13.08%) Spring

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 199 (4.98%) Confluence
2 139 (3.48%) SharePoint
3 109 (2.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 106 (2.65%) Apache
5 104 (2.60%) Tomcat
6 96 (2.40%) WebSphere
7 92 (2.30%) IIS
8 90 (2.25%) JBoss
9 73 (1.83%) CMS
9 73 (1.83%) Mule
10 72 (1.80%) Apache Spark
11 59 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
12 57 (1.43%) Oracle Service Bus
13 55 (1.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 46 (1.15%) WebLogic
15 33 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
16 28 (0.70%) nginx
17 26 (0.65%) MS Exchange
18 23 (0.58%) SharePoint 2013
19 21 (0.53%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 70 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (0.48%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.10%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.050%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.025%) GIMP
9 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.025%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 109 (2.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.65%) Remedy ITSM
3 17 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 16 (0.40%) Adobe Campaign
5 14 (0.35%) Magento
6 13 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
7 12 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
8 10 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.25%) Markit EDM
8 10 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.25%) SAP S/4HANA
9 9 (0.23%) Workday HCM
10 8 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
10 8 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
10 8 (0.20%) Oracle Internet Expenses
10 8 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
10 8 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
11 7 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
11 7 (0.18%) Oracle FAH
11 7 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 1,417 (35.45%) Amazon AWS
2 731 (18.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 344 (8.61%) Serverless
4 298 (7.46%) Amazon EC2
5 289 (7.23%) AWS Lambda
6 267 (6.68%) Amazon S3
7 186 (4.65%) Amazon SQS
8 161 (4.03%) AWS CloudFormation
9 160 (4.00%) GitHub
10 158 (3.95%) OpenShift
11 155 (3.88%) SaaS
12 154 (3.85%) Google Cloud Platform
13 153 (3.83%) Office 365
14 130 (3.25%) Amazon ECS
15 113 (2.83%) PaaS
16 77 (1.93%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 65 (1.63%) IaaS
18 63 (1.58%) Dynamics 365
19 62 (1.55%) Power Platform
20 59 (1.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 125 (3.13%) TCP/IP
2 123 (3.08%) HTTP
3 96 (2.40%) Firewall
4 83 (2.08%) Internet
5 73 (1.83%) VPN
6 64 (1.60%) DNS
7 52 (1.30%) SSL
8 50 (1.25%) Ethernet
9 47 (1.18%) FTP
10 40 (1.00%) WAN
11 31 (0.78%) LAN
11 31 (0.78%) SAN
12 30 (0.75%) Reverse Proxy
13 27 (0.68%) Network Security
14 26 (0.65%) SMTP
15 25 (0.63%) DHCP
16 22 (0.55%) NAS
17 18 (0.45%) HTTPS
18 16 (0.40%) Intrusion Detection
19 13 (0.33%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 602 (15.06%) SQL Server
2 251 (6.28%) Relational Database
3 245 (6.13%) Amazon RDS
4 218 (5.45%) NoSQL
4 218 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
5 205 (5.13%) MySQL
6 179 (4.48%) MongoDB
7 170 (4.25%) Amazon Redshift
8 147 (3.68%) Big Data
9 88 (2.20%) Oracle Database
10 83 (2.08%) Hadoop
11 82 (2.05%) RDBMS
12 78 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 76 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
14 68 (1.70%) Apache Cassandra
15 63 (1.58%) DB2
16 52 (1.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 48 (1.20%) Power BI
17 48 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 47 (1.18%) HBase
Development Applications
1 738 (18.46%) Git (software)
2 731 (18.29%) Jenkins
3 363 (9.08%) JIRA
4 326 (8.16%) Maven
5 280 (7.01%) Selenium
6 267 (6.68%) JUnit
7 194 (4.85%) Visual Studio
8 193 (4.83%) Cucumber
9 156 (3.90%) Bitbucket
10 152 (3.80%) Artifactory
11 141 (3.53%) Eclipse
12 139 (3.48%) Mockito
13 136 (3.40%) Team Foundation Server
14 131 (3.28%) TeamCity
15 113 (2.83%) GitLab
16 105 (2.63%) Subversion
17 102 (2.55%) SonarQube
18 87 (2.18%) JMeter
18 87 (2.18%) RStudio
19 81 (2.03%) SoapUI
General
1 885 (22.14%) Finance
2 312 (7.81%) Banking
3 258 (6.45%) Public Sector
4 197 (4.93%) Front Office
5 163 (4.08%) Telecoms
6 162 (4.05%) Marketing
7 127 (3.18%) Retail
8 97 (2.43%) Manufacturing
9 78 (1.95%) Electronics
10 43 (1.08%) Aerospace
11 41 (1.03%) Games
12 40 (1.00%) Military
13 34 (0.85%) Financial Institution
14 33 (0.83%) Back Office
14 33 (0.83%) Law
15 28 (0.70%) Investment Banking
16 26 (0.65%) Legal
17 25 (0.63%) Publishing
18 23 (0.58%) Billing
19 18 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,122 (53.09%) Developer
2 626 (15.66%) Java Developer
3 500 (12.51%) Architect
4 318 (7.96%) Senior Developer
5 315 (7.88%) .NET Developer
6 246 (6.15%) AWS Developer
7 224 (5.60%) AWS Engineer
8 218 (5.45%) DevOps Engineer
9 181 (4.53%) C# Developer
10 165 (4.13%) Analyst
11 164 (4.10%) Software Engineer
12 154 (3.85%) Solutions Architect
13 151 (3.78%) Senior Java Developer
14 129 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
15 128 (3.20%) Lead Developer
16 118 (2.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 113 (2.83%) Angular Developer
17 113 (2.83%) Consultant
17 113 (2.83%) Python Developer
18 109 (2.73%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 860 (21.52%) .NET
2 829 (20.74%) SOAP
3 805 (20.14%) REST
4 757 (18.94%) RESTful
5 715 (17.89%) XML
6 696 (17.41%) HTML
7 617 (15.44%) CSS
8 523 (13.08%) Spring
9 518 (12.96%) JSON
10 459 (11.48%) AngularJS
11 379 (9.48%) Node.js
12 355 (8.88%) J2EE
13 339 (8.48%) React
14 338 (8.46%) ASP.NET
15 264 (6.60%) HTML5
16 241 (6.03%) .NET Framework
17 234 (5.85%) ASP.NET Web API
18 203 (5.08%) jQuery
19 195 (4.88%) Hibernate
20 188 (4.70%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 196 (4.90%) Analytical Skills
2 191 (4.78%) Greenfield Project
3 168 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
4 161 (4.03%) User Experience
5 157 (3.93%) Fixed Income
6 117 (2.93%) Mobile App
7 93 (2.33%) Public Cloud
8 82 (2.05%) Derivative
9 61 (1.53%) Management Information System
10 55 (1.38%) Data Structures
11 52 (1.30%) Algorithms
12 48 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
13 47 (1.18%) Virtual Team
14 41 (1.03%) Data Centre
15 39 (0.98%) Video on Demand
16 38 (0.95%) Animation
17 37 (0.93%) Video\Live Streaming
18 36 (0.90%) Hybrid Cloud
19 34 (0.85%) Replication
20 32 (0.80%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 548 (13.71%) Linux
2 387 (9.68%) Windows
3 186 (4.65%) Unix
4 98 (2.45%) Android
5 95 (2.38%) Windows Server
6 79 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 77 (1.93%) Apple iOS
8 36 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
9 27 (0.68%) tvOS
9 27 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
10 24 (0.60%) Mac OS
11 14 (0.35%) Solaris
12 13 (0.33%) Mac OS X
12 13 (0.33%) Windows 10
13 12 (0.30%) CentOS
14 11 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
15 8 (0.20%) HPUX
16 7 (0.18%) Windows 2000
17 6 (0.15%) AIX
18 5 (0.13%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,942 (48.59%) Agile Software Development
2 844 (21.12%) DevOps
3 784 (19.61%) TDD
4 761 (19.04%) Scrum
5 683 (17.09%) Microservices
6 675 (16.89%) Continuous Integration
7 546 (13.66%) Test Automation
8 533 (13.34%) Software Engineering
9 453 (11.33%) BDD
10 410 (10.26%) MVC
11 363 (9.08%) SOA
12 340 (8.51%) Open Source
13 318 (7.96%) Kanban
14 292 (7.31%) Asset Management
15 275 (6.88%) Unit Testing
16 258 (6.45%) OO
17 250 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
18 249 (6.23%) Migration
19 235 (5.88%) Analytics
20 233 (5.83%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,658 (41.48%) Java
2 1,196 (29.92%) JavaScript
3 889 (22.24%) C#
4 821 (20.54%) SQL
5 637 (15.94%) Python
6 199 (4.98%) PowerShell
7 184 (4.60%) Java 8
8 168 (4.20%) C++
9 138 (3.45%) Ruby
10 117 (2.93%) PL/SQL
11 102 (2.55%) PHP
11 102 (2.55%) Scala
12 101 (2.53%) Bash Shell
13 93 (2.33%) TypeScript
14 88 (2.20%) Groovy
15 82 (2.05%) T-SQL
16 72 (1.80%) C
16 72 (1.80%) Shell Script
17 70 (1.75%) Apex Code
18 63 (1.58%) ES6
Qualifications
1 331 (8.28%) Security Cleared
2 273 (6.83%) Degree
3 246 (6.15%) SC Cleared
4 76 (1.90%) AWS Certification
5 60 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
6 37 (0.93%) ISTQB
7 36 (0.90%) CISSP
8 30 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
8 30 (0.75%) RHCE
9 29 (0.73%) ITIL Certification
10 28 (0.70%) ISEB
11 27 (0.68%) CISM
12 24 (0.60%) DV Cleared
13 21 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
14 15 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
15 14 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
16 12 (0.30%) CCA
16 12 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 12 (0.30%) Master's Degree
16 12 (0.30%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 219 (5.48%) QA
2 51 (1.28%) GDPR
3 42 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 42 (1.05%) SLA
4 34 (0.85%) PCI DSS
5 22 (0.55%) Data Quality
6 21 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 17 (0.43%) NIST
8 11 (0.28%) COBIT
8 11 (0.28%) NCSC
9 9 (0.23%) HL7
10 8 (0.20%) PMO
11 6 (0.15%) GxP
11 6 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.13%) HMG Infosec
12 5 (0.13%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials
13 4 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 4 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
13 4 (0.10%) PSD2
System Software
1 650 (16.26%) Docker
2 155 (3.88%) Active Directory
3 65 (1.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (1.03%) vSphere
5 24 (0.60%) Postfix
6 23 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
7 21 (0.53%) HDFS
8 19 (0.48%) Hyper-V
9 15 (0.38%) XenApp
10 12 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
11 10 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
12 8 (0.20%) XenDesktop
13 7 (0.18%) Apache Flume
13 7 (0.18%) LXC
14 6 (0.15%) RACF
15 5 (0.13%) Terminal Services
16 4 (0.10%) NDS
16 4 (0.10%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
16 4 (0.10%) Xen
Systems Management
1 418 (10.46%) Kubernetes
2 355 (8.88%) Terraform
3 269 (6.73%) Ansible
4 175 (4.38%) Puppet
5 141 (3.53%) Opscode Chef
6 83 (2.08%) Single Sign-On
7 40 (1.00%) Amdocs OSS
8 27 (0.68%) Packer
9 20 (0.50%) Salt
9 20 (0.50%) SCCM
10 18 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
10 18 (0.45%) Kibana
11 16 (0.40%) Suricata
12 15 (0.38%) logstash
13 14 (0.35%) Mesos
13 14 (0.35%) SCOM
14 12 (0.30%) Marathon
15 11 (0.28%) CASB
15 11 (0.28%) HP ALM
16 10 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 573 (14.34%) Microsoft
2 487 (12.18%) Oracle
3 199 (4.98%) Google
4 177 (4.43%) SAP
5 127 (3.18%) Salesforce.com
6 100 (2.50%) ServiceNow
6 100 (2.50%) VMware
7 97 (2.43%) IBM
8 92 (2.30%) Splunk
9 91 (2.28%) Red Hat
10 81 (2.03%) MuleSoft
11 69 (1.73%) Adobe
12 67 (1.68%) WSO2
13 56 (1.40%) Cisco
14 53 (1.33%) Bloomberg
15 47 (1.18%) Reuters
16 44 (1.10%) Atlassian
17 40 (1.00%) Cramer
17 40 (1.00%) Dell
17 40 (1.00%) Talend