Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 54 46 41
Rank change year-on-year -8 -5 -4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,918 4,675 5,280
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.08% 4.77% 5.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.59% 13.97% 16.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,774 3,102 3,781
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +4.30% +6.29%
10th Percentile £363 £340 £325
90th Percentile £675 £623 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 57 43
UK median hourly rate £44.98 £44.18 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.81% +1.56% +1.75%
10th Percentile £35.00 £26.65 £21.25
90th Percentile £82.50 £61.38 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.42 £43.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +10.67% -2.78% +5.88%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,464 33,474 31,955
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.02% 34.17% 32.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,760 23,584 22,800
UK median daily rate £490 £480 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.08% +3.78% +8.82%
10th Percentile £329 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +1.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 243 295 338
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% -
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.20 £17.63
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.13% +3.83% +6.67%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 2,720 £510 +2.00% 1,140
London +6 1,444 £540 +2.86% 410
UK excluding London -19 1,405 £465 +3.33% 820
South East -6 426 £458 +1.67% 196
North of England -17 304 £450 +5.88% 225
South West +2 226 £463 +2.86% 99
Midlands -12 189 £475 +5.56% 115
North West -21 154 £455 +7.06% 136
West Midlands -7 134 £475 +5.56% 71
East of England -32 119 £475 -5.00% 94
Scotland -29 109 £458 +1.67% 56
Yorkshire +15 106 £500 +17.65% 68
East Midlands -26 55 £400 -12.33% 44
North East -1 49 £425 -10.53% 21
Wales -14 30 £490 +14.62% 29
Northern Ireland -10 5 £431 +4.61% 6
Channel Islands - 1 £425 -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,501 (51.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,220 (41.81%) AWS
3 1,180 (40.44%) Java
4 910 (31.19%) JavaScript
5 663 (22.72%) SQL
6 633 (21.69%) Azure
7 622 (21.32%) Finance
8 595 (20.39%) Microservices
9 591 (20.25%) C#
10 584 (20.01%) DevOps
11 579 (19.84%) Python
12 578 (19.81%) RESTful
13 569 (19.50%) .NET
14 566 (19.40%) Git (software)
15 545 (18.68%) Software Engineering
15 545 (18.68%) REST
16 536 (18.37%) Scrum
17 521 (17.85%) SOAP
18 486 (16.66%) TDD
19 482 (16.52%) XML
20 471 (16.14%) Jenkins
21 460 (15.76%) HTML
22 457 (15.66%) Security Cleared
23 437 (14.98%) Docker
24 434 (14.87%) AngularJS
25 418 (14.32%) CSS
26 414 (14.19%) SQL Server
27 408 (13.98%) Continuous Integration
28 395 (13.54%) Microsoft
29 377 (12.92%) Linux

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 158 (5.41%) Confluence
2 75 (2.57%) SharePoint
3 71 (2.43%) Tomcat
4 66 (2.26%) Apache
5 61 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
6 50 (1.71%) CMS
7 42 (1.44%) Apache Spark
8 38 (1.30%) JBoss
8 38 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 36 (1.23%) WebLogic
10 32 (1.10%) IIS
11 28 (0.96%) WebSphere
12 24 (0.82%) Mule
12 24 (0.82%) nginx
13 22 (0.75%) Red Hat Fuse
14 21 (0.72%) Jupyter
15 19 (0.65%) Oracle Service Bus
15 19 (0.65%) Oracle Workflow
16 16 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
16 16 (0.55%) SAS
Applications
1 45 (1.54%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (0.65%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.34%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.21%) GIMP
5 6 (0.21%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.14%) Chatbot
6 4 (0.14%) InfoPath
7 3 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 41 (1.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 38 (1.30%) FINCAD Analytics
3 24 (0.82%) Magento
4 23 (0.79%) Remedy ITSM
5 16 (0.55%) BusinessWorks
6 14 (0.48%) NetSuite
6 14 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 11 (0.38%) PolarLake
8 10 (0.34%) Markit EDM
9 8 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 7 (0.24%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 5 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 5 (0.17%) SAP ERP
12 4 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
12 4 (0.14%) SAP HR
12 4 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
13 3 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
13 3 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
13 3 (0.10%) SAP MDG
13 3 (0.10%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,220 (41.81%) AWS
2 633 (21.69%) Azure
3 220 (7.54%) GCP
4 214 (7.33%) Serverless
5 197 (6.75%) Amazon EC2
6 178 (6.10%) AWS Lambda
7 169 (5.79%) Amazon S3
8 168 (5.76%) SaaS
9 161 (5.52%) Amazon SQS
10 133 (4.56%) PaaS
11 122 (4.18%) GitHub
12 107 (3.67%) Office 365
13 104 (3.56%) OpenShift
14 100 (3.43%) AWS CloudFormation
15 98 (3.36%) IaaS
16 87 (2.98%) Amazon ECS
16 87 (2.98%) Cloud Computing
17 57 (1.95%) Power Platform
18 48 (1.64%) Azure Active Directory
19 43 (1.47%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 121 (4.15%) HTTP
2 97 (3.32%) TCP/IP
3 81 (2.78%) VPN
4 79 (2.71%) Internet
5 74 (2.54%) Firewall
6 53 (1.82%) DNS
7 41 (1.41%) Ethernet
8 37 (1.27%) SAN
9 34 (1.17%) Reverse Proxy
10 30 (1.03%) NAS
11 28 (0.96%) SNMP
12 24 (0.82%) SSL
13 23 (0.79%) WAN
14 21 (0.72%) SSH
15 17 (0.58%) Kerberos
15 17 (0.58%) LAN
16 16 (0.55%) Skype
17 15 (0.51%) VoIP
18 13 (0.45%) FTP
18 13 (0.45%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 414 (14.19%) SQL Server
2 231 (7.92%) PostgreSQL
3 229 (7.85%) Relational Database
4 214 (7.33%) MySQL
5 186 (6.37%) NoSQL
6 185 (6.34%) Amazon RDS
7 124 (4.25%) MongoDB
8 111 (3.80%) Big Data
9 110 (3.77%) RDBMS
10 108 (3.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 92 (3.15%) Amazon Redshift
12 86 (2.95%) Amazon Athena
13 75 (2.57%) Redis
14 69 (2.36%) Amazon Aurora
15 60 (2.06%) Apache Cassandra
16 57 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
17 48 (1.64%) Oracle Database
18 45 (1.54%) Power BI
19 44 (1.51%) Hadoop
20 40 (1.37%) DB2
Development Applications
1 566 (19.40%) Git (software)
2 471 (16.14%) Jenkins
3 292 (10.01%) JIRA
4 246 (8.43%) Maven
5 185 (6.34%) JUnit
6 162 (5.55%) Mockito
7 159 (5.45%) Selenium
8 117 (4.01%) Cucumber
9 102 (3.50%) Gradle
10 86 (2.95%) Visual Studio
11 81 (2.78%) SonarQube
12 77 (2.64%) jMock
13 74 (2.54%) DbUnit
13 74 (2.54%) RStudio
14 69 (2.36%) Artifactory
15 65 (2.23%) Team Foundation Server
16 62 (2.12%) Visual Studio Team System
17 54 (1.85%) Eclipse
17 54 (1.85%) SoapUI
18 53 (1.82%) TeamCity
General
1 622 (21.32%) Finance
2 278 (9.53%) Front Office
3 245 (8.40%) Public Sector
4 171 (5.86%) Banking
5 79 (2.71%) Marketing
5 79 (2.71%) Retail
5 79 (2.71%) Telecoms
6 51 (1.75%) Manufacturing
7 41 (1.41%) Investment Banking
8 38 (1.30%) Publishing
9 37 (1.27%) Games
10 36 (1.23%) Aerospace
10 36 (1.23%) Electronics
11 35 (1.20%) Back Office
12 33 (1.13%) Military
13 15 (0.51%) Legal
14 14 (0.48%) Law
14 14 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
15 13 (0.45%) Billing
16 8 (0.27%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,576 (54.01%) Developer
2 476 (16.31%) Java Developer
3 342 (11.72%) Architect
4 226 (7.75%) .NET Developer
5 186 (6.37%) AWS Developer
6 185 (6.34%) Senior Developer
7 184 (6.31%) Software Engineer
8 136 (4.66%) AWS Engineer
9 130 (4.46%) Solutions Architect
10 127 (4.35%) DevOps Engineer
11 112 (3.84%) Analyst
11 112 (3.84%) C# Developer
12 99 (3.39%) Java Engineer
13 97 (3.32%) React Developer
14 96 (3.29%) Consultant
15 90 (3.08%) Software Developer
16 88 (3.02%) Python Developer
17 87 (2.98%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 83 (2.84%) Lead Developer
19 82 (2.81%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 578 (19.81%) RESTful
2 569 (19.50%) .NET
3 545 (18.68%) REST
4 521 (17.85%) SOAP
5 482 (16.52%) XML
6 460 (15.76%) HTML
7 434 (14.87%) AngularJS
8 418 (14.32%) CSS
9 376 (12.89%) Spring
10 369 (12.65%) Node.js
11 334 (11.45%) React
12 327 (11.21%) JSON
13 273 (9.36%) J2EE
14 207 (7.09%) ASP.NET
15 147 (5.04%) HTML5
16 131 (4.49%) Spring Boot
17 128 (4.39%) Hibernate
18 121 (4.15%) .NET Core
19 114 (3.91%) jQuery
20 97 (3.32%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 246 (8.43%) Fixed Income
2 219 (7.51%) Analytical Skills
3 216 (7.40%) Derivative
4 208 (7.13%) Greenfield Project
5 151 (5.17%) Equities
6 148 (5.07%) User Experience
7 137 (4.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 114 (3.91%) Enterprise Software
9 108 (3.70%) Hedge funds
10 87 (2.98%) Public Cloud
11 78 (2.67%) Blog
12 66 (2.26%) Data Structures
13 57 (1.95%) Mobile App
14 50 (1.71%) Equity Derivative
15 48 (1.64%) Algorithms
16 44 (1.51%) Management Information System
17 40 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
18 38 (1.30%) Replication
19 35 (1.20%) Reference Data
20 29 (0.99%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 377 (12.92%) Linux
2 235 (8.05%) Windows
3 127 (4.35%) Unix
4 48 (1.64%) Windows Server
5 38 (1.30%) Apple iOS
6 37 (1.27%) Android
7 35 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 28 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
9 24 (0.82%) Windows 10
10 23 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
11 16 (0.55%) Mac OS
12 12 (0.41%) Debian
13 11 (0.38%) tvOS
14 10 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
15 9 (0.31%) Ubuntu
16 8 (0.27%) Windows 2000
17 7 (0.24%) HPUX
18 4 (0.14%) CentOS
18 4 (0.14%) Mac OS X
19 3 (0.10%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,501 (51.44%) Agile Software Development
2 595 (20.39%) Microservices
3 584 (20.01%) DevOps
4 545 (18.68%) Software Engineering
5 536 (18.37%) Scrum
6 486 (16.66%) TDD
7 408 (13.98%) Continuous Integration
8 326 (11.17%) Test Automation
9 323 (11.07%) BDD
10 304 (10.42%) Asset Management
11 286 (9.80%) Open Source
12 243 (8.33%) MVC
13 235 (8.05%) Problem-Solving
14 232 (7.95%) SOA
15 222 (7.61%) Migration
16 202 (6.92%) Kanban
17 200 (6.85%) Analytics
18 191 (6.55%) SDLC
19 179 (6.13%) OO
20 178 (6.10%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,180 (40.44%) Java
2 910 (31.19%) JavaScript
3 663 (22.72%) SQL
4 591 (20.25%) C#
5 579 (19.84%) Python
6 172 (5.89%) C++
7 162 (5.55%) R
8 125 (4.28%) Java 8
9 116 (3.98%) PHP
10 108 (3.70%) TypeScript
11 103 (3.53%) PowerShell
11 103 (3.53%) Ruby
12 75 (2.57%) Scala
13 68 (2.33%) Kotlin
14 65 (2.23%) Bash Shell
14 65 (2.23%) PL/SQL
15 63 (2.16%) Perl
16 60 (2.06%) Shell Script
17 58 (1.99%) Groovy
18 55 (1.88%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 457 (15.66%) Security Cleared
2 361 (12.37%) SC Cleared
3 232 (7.95%) Degree
4 61 (2.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (1.68%) CISSP
6 42 (1.44%) AWS Certification
7 32 (1.10%) CISM
8 29 (0.99%) ISTQB
9 25 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
9 25 (0.86%) ISEB
10 24 (0.82%) DV Cleared
11 19 (0.65%) BC Cleared
12 17 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
13 14 (0.48%) TOGAF Certification
14 11 (0.38%) CCA
15 10 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 9 (0.31%) ISSMP
16 9 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
17 8 (0.27%) CISA
17 8 (0.27%) CISMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (3.63%) QA
2 45 (1.54%) GDPR
3 31 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 31 (1.06%) PCI DSS
4 24 (0.82%) Data Quality
5 23 (0.79%) SLA
6 17 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 17 (0.58%) NCSC
7 14 (0.48%) COBIT
7 14 (0.48%) NIST
8 11 (0.38%) ISO 20022
9 10 (0.34%) TARGET2
10 6 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
10 6 (0.21%) GxP
11 5 (0.17%) RMADS
11 5 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.10%) JSP 440
12 3 (0.10%) SEPA
13 2 (0.069%) ISO 9000
14 1 (0.034%) IFRS
System Software
1 437 (14.98%) Docker
2 109 (3.74%) Active Directory
3 52 (1.78%) Postfix
4 51 (1.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.75%) vSphere
6 21 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.48%) NDS
7 14 (0.48%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 12 (0.41%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (0.24%) VirtualBox
10 6 (0.21%) NFS
11 5 (0.17%) GridGain
11 5 (0.17%) zsh
12 4 (0.14%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.14%) XenApp
13 3 (0.10%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.10%) Citrix Presentation Server
13 3 (0.10%) VMware NSX
14 1 (0.034%) LXC
Systems Management
1 301 (10.32%) Kubernetes
2 229 (7.85%) Terraform
3 142 (4.87%) Ansible
4 74 (2.54%) Puppet
5 58 (1.99%) Opscode Chef
6 55 (1.88%) Single Sign-On
7 33 (1.13%) Packer
8 30 (1.03%) Amdocs OSS
9 23 (0.79%) Netcool
9 23 (0.79%) Netcool/OMNIbus
10 16 (0.55%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 15 (0.51%) Kibana
11 15 (0.51%) Microsoft Intune
12 14 (0.48%) Suricata
13 13 (0.45%) SCCM
14 10 (0.34%) HAProxy
15 9 (0.31%) CASB
16 8 (0.27%) logstash
16 8 (0.27%) Prometheus
16 8 (0.27%) SCOM
Vendors
1 395 (13.54%) Microsoft
2 315 (10.80%) Oracle
3 164 (5.62%) Google
4 96 (3.29%) ServiceNow
5 95 (3.26%) SAP
6 73 (2.50%) Salesforce.com
7 72 (2.47%) VMware
8 61 (2.09%) IBM
9 55 (1.88%) Cisco
10 47 (1.61%) Red Hat
11 46 (1.58%) Atlassian
12 42 (1.44%) Sybase
13 37 (1.27%) MuleSoft
14 35 (1.20%) Remedy
15 34 (1.17%) Adobe
15 34 (1.17%) Dell
16 33 (1.13%) Splunk
17 31 (1.06%) hybris
18 30 (1.03%) Apple
18 30 (1.03%) Cramer