Period
to 24 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
24 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 37 35
Rank change year-on-year -6 -2 +4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 5,128 4,548 5,123
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.07% 4.99% 4.84%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.53% 15.78% 16.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,597 3,093 3,675
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £612 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 56 49
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.25 £44.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.73% -2.81% +26.51%
10th Percentile £21.25 £25.00 £19.65
90th Percentile £59.00 £57.50 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £43.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year +3.49% -3.37% +23.61%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,013 28,827 30,345
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.67% 31.61% 28.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,248 19,886 21,076
UK median daily rate £475 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.83% +1.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 330 359 467
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.23% +4.52% +10.71%
10th Percentile £16.25 £15.65 £14.75
90th Percentile £63.00 £52.50 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.23% +7.64%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 24 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 4,769 £475 +5.56% 1,335
UK excluding London -4 2,698 £425 +4.94% 925
London -2 2,355 £500 +5.26% 476
South East -6 873 £450 +8.43% 246
North of England 0 623 £400 - 258
North West +6 381 £416 +1.22% 137
Midlands -6 374 £425 +3.16% 141
East of England +5 290 £500 +18.48% 114
South West +2 250 £425 +6.25% 100
West Midlands 0 237 £425 - 72
Yorkshire -9 193 £400 - 83
Scotland -15 187 £425 +21.43% 40
East Midlands -3 133 £411 +9.67% 69
Wales -11 88 £380 -20.00% 13
North East -4 50 £328 -6.43% 38
Northern Ireland -8 23 £431 +14.93% 12

For the 6 months to 24 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,758 (53.78%) Agile Software Development
2 2,338 (45.59%) Java
3 1,493 (29.11%) JavaScript
4 1,411 (27.52%) Amazon AWS
5 1,342 (26.17%) TDD
6 1,329 (25.92%) REST
7 1,250 (24.38%) RESTful
8 1,180 (23.01%) Git (software)
9 1,139 (22.21%) HTML
10 1,124 (21.92%) SOAP
11 1,117 (21.78%) Continuous Integration
12 1,104 (21.53%) SQL
13 1,090 (21.26%) Jenkins
14 1,027 (20.03%) CSS
15 1,019 (19.87%) .NET
16 1,002 (19.54%) Scrum
17 986 (19.23%) Linux
18 939 (18.31%) XML
19 930 (18.14%) Spring
20 925 (18.04%) C#
21 909 (17.73%) Finance
22 882 (17.20%) DevOps
23 789 (15.39%) Oracle
24 776 (15.13%) SQL Server
25 758 (14.78%) Test Automation
26 752 (14.66%) MVC
27 751 (14.65%) JSON
28 748 (14.59%) BDD
29 704 (13.73%) Microservices
30 682 (13.30%) AngularJS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 277 (5.40%) Confluence
2 245 (4.78%) Tomcat
3 224 (4.37%) WebSphere
4 216 (4.21%) Apache
5 178 (3.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 139 (2.71%) CMS
7 136 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
8 114 (2.22%) JBoss
9 113 (2.20%) Mule
10 108 (2.11%) WebLogic
11 88 (1.72%) SharePoint
12 84 (1.64%) IIS
13 83 (1.62%) Apache Spark
14 80 (1.56%) Oracle Service Bus
15 65 (1.27%) WebSphere Application Server
16 62 (1.21%) nginx
17 61 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
18 48 (0.94%) Apache Solr
18 48 (0.94%) GlassFish
19 44 (0.86%) MQSeries
Applications
1 66 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 60 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
3 37 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.41%) Photoshop
5 14 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.18%) GIMP
7 9 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
8 7 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 5 (0.098%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.098%) HipChat
10 4 (0.078%) Adobe Illustrator
10 4 (0.078%) InVision
11 3 (0.059%) SPSS
12 2 (0.039%) UXPin
13 1 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.020%) EngageOne
13 1 (0.020%) Final Cut Pro
13 1 (0.020%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 47 (0.92%) Payment Gateway
2 32 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.62%) Magento
3 24 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
4 21 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
5 14 (0.27%) Elite 3E
6 10 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
7 8 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
7 8 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
8 6 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
8 6 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.098%) Remedy ITSM
10 4 (0.078%) Global One
10 4 (0.078%) ION MarketView
10 4 (0.078%) Oracle Applications
10 4 (0.078%) SAP FI
11 3 (0.059%) Infor M3
11 3 (0.059%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 1,411 (27.52%) Amazon AWS
2 623 (12.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 173 (3.37%) Serverless
4 158 (3.08%) Amazon EC2
5 139 (2.71%) SaaS
6 138 (2.69%) PaaS
7 126 (2.46%) IaaS
8 115 (2.24%) GitHub
9 108 (2.11%) AWS CloudFormation
10 103 (2.01%) Google Cloud Platform
11 96 (1.87%) Amazon S3
12 93 (1.81%) AWS Lambda
13 76 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
14 65 (1.27%) Office 365
15 61 (1.19%) OpenShift
16 60 (1.17%) npm
17 55 (1.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 38 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
19 34 (0.66%) Amazon ELB
20 30 (0.59%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 296 (5.77%) HTTP
2 137 (2.67%) TCP/IP
3 136 (2.65%) Internet
4 101 (1.97%) SSL
5 84 (1.64%) DNS
6 67 (1.31%) Firewall
7 55 (1.07%) FTP
7 55 (1.07%) VPN
8 33 (0.64%) Kerberos
8 33 (0.64%) SMS
9 28 (0.55%) PuTTY
10 27 (0.53%) WinSCP
11 26 (0.51%) DHCP
11 26 (0.51%) SMTP
12 23 (0.45%) SAN
13 20 (0.39%) HTTPS
14 17 (0.33%) LAN
15 14 (0.27%) Network Security
15 14 (0.27%) Remote Desktop
15 14 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 776 (15.13%) SQL Server
2 470 (9.17%) Relational Database
3 361 (7.04%) NoSQL
4 339 (6.61%) MySQL
5 334 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
6 258 (5.03%) MongoDB
7 207 (4.04%) Oracle Database
8 200 (3.90%) Big Data
9 156 (3.04%) Hadoop
10 133 (2.59%) RDBMS
11 112 (2.18%) Apache Cassandra
12 104 (2.03%) Redis
13 92 (1.79%) Oracle Database 11g
14 91 (1.77%) SQL Server 2012
15 89 (1.74%) HBase
16 82 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
17 81 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
18 71 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 69 (1.35%) Oracle Database 10g
20 65 (1.27%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,180 (23.01%) Git (software)
2 1,090 (21.26%) Jenkins
3 538 (10.49%) JIRA
4 467 (9.11%) Maven
5 367 (7.16%) JUnit
6 351 (6.84%) Selenium
7 240 (4.68%) Subversion
8 210 (4.10%) TeamCity
9 201 (3.92%) Cucumber
10 181 (3.53%) Team Foundation Server
11 176 (3.43%) Eclipse
12 175 (3.41%) Visual Studio
13 170 (3.32%) Mockito
13 170 (3.32%) SoapUI
14 167 (3.26%) Gradle
15 118 (2.30%) SonarQube
16 117 (2.28%) webpack
17 110 (2.15%) Ant
18 90 (1.76%) NUnit
18 90 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 909 (17.73%) Finance
2 394 (7.68%) Banking
3 136 (2.65%) Retail
4 130 (2.54%) Telecoms
5 117 (2.28%) Marketing
6 89 (1.74%) Manufacturing
7 80 (1.56%) Games
8 76 (1.48%) Electronics
9 54 (1.05%) Investment Banking
10 49 (0.96%) Financial Institution
10 49 (0.96%) Legal
11 46 (0.90%) Publishing
12 45 (0.88%) Advertising
13 40 (0.78%) Front Office
14 36 (0.70%) Law
15 35 (0.68%) Back Office
16 23 (0.45%) Retail Banking
17 21 (0.41%) Billing
18 8 (0.16%) General Ledger
19 7 (0.14%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,896 (56.47%) Developer
2 1,053 (20.53%) Java Developer
3 491 (9.57%) Architect
4 443 (8.64%) .NET Developer
5 353 (6.88%) Senior Developer
6 341 (6.65%) DevOps Engineer
7 290 (5.66%) C# Developer
8 249 (4.86%) Analyst
9 216 (4.21%) Full Stack Developer
10 208 (4.06%) C# .NET Developer
11 198 (3.86%) AWS Engineer
12 192 (3.74%) Senior Java Developer
13 179 (3.49%) Solutions Architect
14 176 (3.43%) Consultant
15 162 (3.16%) AWS DevOps
16 141 (2.75%) JavaScript Developer
17 133 (2.59%) Lead Developer
17 133 (2.59%) Node.js Developer
18 132 (2.57%) Python Developer
19 130 (2.54%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,329 (25.92%) REST
2 1,250 (24.38%) RESTful
3 1,139 (22.21%) HTML
4 1,124 (21.92%) SOAP
5 1,027 (20.03%) CSS
6 1,019 (19.87%) .NET
7 939 (18.31%) XML
8 930 (18.14%) Spring
9 751 (14.65%) JSON
10 682 (13.30%) AngularJS
11 521 (10.16%) Node.js
12 460 (8.97%) ASP.NET
13 450 (8.78%) HTML5
14 442 (8.62%) Hibernate
15 410 (8.00%) J2EE
16 408 (7.96%) React
17 376 (7.33%) JMS
18 360 (7.02%) ASP.NET Web API
19 353 (6.88%) Spring Boot
20 349 (6.81%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 309 (6.03%) Greenfield Project
2 271 (5.28%) Enterprise Software
3 239 (4.66%) Analytical Skills
4 227 (4.43%) User Experience
5 194 (3.78%) Mobile App
6 150 (2.93%) Computer Science
7 95 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
8 86 (1.68%) Public Cloud
9 84 (1.64%) iPad
10 73 (1.42%) Data Structures
11 68 (1.33%) Data Centre
12 67 (1.31%) Algorithms
13 56 (1.09%) Client/Server
14 55 (1.07%) Virtual Team
15 48 (0.94%) NHS
16 44 (0.86%) Fintech
17 40 (0.78%) Management Information System
18 36 (0.70%) N-Tier
19 33 (0.64%) CMDB
19 33 (0.64%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 986 (19.23%) Linux
2 497 (9.69%) Windows
3 381 (7.43%) Unix
4 181 (3.53%) Android
5 173 (3.37%) Apple iOS
6 160 (3.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 141 (2.75%) Windows Server
8 77 (1.50%) CentOS
8 77 (1.50%) Windows Server 2012
9 45 (0.88%) Mac OS X
10 42 (0.82%) Solaris
11 30 (0.59%) Ubuntu
12 29 (0.57%) Windows 10
13 27 (0.53%) Mac OS
14 21 (0.41%) Windows 7
14 21 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
15 16 (0.31%) HPUX
15 16 (0.31%) Windows 8
16 15 (0.29%) AIX
17 9 (0.18%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,758 (53.78%) Agile Software Development
2 1,342 (26.17%) TDD
3 1,117 (21.78%) Continuous Integration
4 1,002 (19.54%) Scrum
5 882 (17.20%) DevOps
6 758 (14.78%) Test Automation
7 752 (14.66%) MVC
8 748 (14.59%) BDD
9 704 (13.73%) Microservices
10 576 (11.23%) SOA
11 481 (9.38%) Unit Testing
12 431 (8.40%) Web Development
13 420 (8.19%) Software Engineering
14 394 (7.68%) E-Commerce
15 393 (7.66%) OO
16 373 (7.27%) Open Source
17 364 (7.10%) Kanban
18 362 (7.06%) SDLC
19 356 (6.94%) Continuous Delivery
20 355 (6.92%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 2,338 (45.59%) Java
2 1,493 (29.11%) JavaScript
3 1,104 (21.53%) SQL
4 925 (18.04%) C#
5 653 (12.73%) Python
6 459 (8.95%) Java 8
7 310 (6.05%) Ruby
8 227 (4.43%) Bash Shell
9 223 (4.35%) Groovy
10 209 (4.08%) Scala
11 200 (3.90%) PL/SQL
12 178 (3.47%) PHP
13 173 (3.37%) T-SQL
14 145 (2.83%) PowerShell
15 138 (2.69%) XPath
16 128 (2.50%) ES6
17 120 (2.34%) C
18 110 (2.15%) C++
19 101 (1.97%) Shell Script
20 90 (1.76%) Perl
Qualifications
1 407 (7.94%) Security Cleared
2 306 (5.97%) Degree
3 292 (5.69%) SC Cleared
4 95 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 59 (1.15%) DV Cleared
6 41 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
7 39 (0.76%) AWS Certification
8 33 (0.64%) ISEB
9 30 (0.59%) Master's Degree
10 24 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
11 22 (0.43%) ISTQB
12 21 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
13 19 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 18 (0.35%) ISEB Practitioner
14 18 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
15 15 (0.29%) CISSP
15 15 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
16 13 (0.25%) Siebel Certification
17 10 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
17 10 (0.20%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 276 (5.38%) QA
2 39 (0.76%) GDPR
3 30 (0.59%) HL7
4 28 (0.55%) SLA
5 24 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 23 (0.45%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.41%) PMO
8 14 (0.27%) GCP
9 12 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
10 10 (0.20%) GAAP
11 7 (0.14%) Data Quality
12 6 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 6 (0.12%) WAI
13 5 (0.098%) NIST 800
14 4 (0.078%) ISO 8583
14 4 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 4 (0.078%) PA-DSS
15 3 (0.059%) COBIT
15 3 (0.059%) MiFID
16 2 (0.039%) WCAG
System Software
1 647 (12.62%) Docker
2 172 (3.35%) Active Directory
3 95 (1.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (1.27%) vSphere
5 47 (0.92%) HDFS
6 36 (0.70%) Apache Flume
7 30 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
8 29 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
9 28 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 20 (0.39%) Hyper-V
11 19 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
12 15 (0.29%) vCloud
13 13 (0.25%) Varnish
14 8 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 7 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
16 6 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
17 5 (0.098%) etcd
18 4 (0.078%) VirtualBox
18 4 (0.078%) XenApp
18 4 (0.078%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 365 (7.12%) Ansible
2 321 (6.26%) Puppet
3 248 (4.84%) Opscode Chef
4 243 (4.74%) Terraform
5 223 (4.35%) Kubernetes
6 85 (1.66%) HP ALM
7 81 (1.58%) Single Sign-On
8 55 (1.07%) Salt
9 48 (0.94%) logstash
10 46 (0.90%) Mesos
11 44 (0.86%) SCCM
12 39 (0.76%) Kibana
13 32 (0.62%) Packer
14 30 (0.59%) Oozie
15 28 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
16 23 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
17 20 (0.39%) CA Single Sign-On
18 17 (0.33%) vCenter Server
19 15 (0.29%) Grafana
19 15 (0.29%) Nagios
Vendors
1 789 (15.39%) Oracle
2 567 (11.06%) Microsoft
3 209 (4.08%) IBM
4 191 (3.72%) Google
5 154 (3.00%) VMware
6 147 (2.87%) Red Hat
7 132 (2.57%) SAP
8 114 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
9 97 (1.89%) Atlassian
10 96 (1.87%) HP
11 88 (1.72%) ServiceNow
12 62 (1.21%) WSO2
13 59 (1.15%) Splunk
14 56 (1.09%) Sitecore
15 52 (1.01%) Adobe
16 50 (0.98%) Cloudera
16 50 (0.98%) Hortonworks
17 47 (0.92%) ATG
18 44 (0.86%) Talend
19 38 (0.74%) Apple