Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 45 50 44
Rank change year-on-year +5 -6 +1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,713 4,057 5,085
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.78% 4.45% 4.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.73% 13.98% 14.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,339 2,519 3,561
Median daily rate £550 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.82% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £360 £331
90th Percentile £750 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £477 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +6.00% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 41 46
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% +15.15% -5.17%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% +3.66%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,887 29,012 35,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.40% 31.82% 34.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,242 20,209 24,961
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £330 £333 £320
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £421
% change year-on-year +2.86% +3.98% +5.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 173 325 355
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.41
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +2.63% +3.53%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £15.24
90th Percentile £63.60 £60.00 £58.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -0.62%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1,625 £550 +10.00% 399
London +20 1,082 £575 +9.52% 151
UK excluding London -12 579 £477 +6.00% 277
South East -13 151 £477 +6.67% 52
South West +17 145 £525 +16.67% 43
Work from Home -26 112 £525 -4.55% 67
North of England -31 98 £475 +11.76% 88
East of England -9 80 £500 +8.11% 26
North West -10 63 £463 +8.82% 45
Midlands -51 45 £363 -23.68% 39
Scotland -29 33 £400 -5.88% 17
Yorkshire -16 27 £475 +5.56% 33
West Midlands -44 27 £441 -7.11% 14
Wales +4 21 £410 -1.20% 11
East Midlands -7 18 £315 -30.00% 25
Northern Ireland +5 6 £441 -7.16% 1
North East -2 6 £525 +23.53% 10

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 973 (56.80%) Agile Software Development
2 876 (51.14%) Java
3 812 (47.40%) AWS
4 646 (37.71%) Finance
5 615 (35.90%) JavaScript
6 519 (30.30%) Python
7 500 (29.19%) DevOps
8 467 (27.26%) Software Engineering
9 450 (26.27%) Asset Management
10 436 (25.45%) Azure
11 404 (23.58%) SQL
12 386 (22.53%) Front Office
12 386 (22.53%) Microservices
13 367 (21.42%) AngularJS
13 367 (21.42%) Fixed Income
13 367 (21.42%) REST
14 350 (20.43%) SOAP
15 323 (18.86%) Kubernetes
16 321 (18.74%) C#
17 320 (18.68%) Docker
18 319 (18.62%) Hedge funds
19 317 (18.51%) React
20 305 (17.81%) Derivative
21 301 (17.57%) .NET
22 300 (17.51%) Equities
23 297 (17.34%) Oracle
23 297 (17.34%) SQL Server
24 289 (16.87%) Banking
24 289 (16.87%) Jenkins
25 285 (16.64%) Scrum

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (7.18%) Apache
2 76 (4.44%) Tomcat
3 74 (4.32%) Confluence
4 68 (3.97%) Elasticsearch
5 67 (3.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 54 (3.15%) WebLogic
7 47 (2.74%) Mule
8 42 (2.45%) IIS
9 40 (2.34%) Oracle Service Bus
9 40 (2.34%) Red Hat Fuse
10 35 (2.04%) SharePoint
10 35 (2.04%) WebSphere
11 23 (1.34%) CMS
12 22 (1.28%) JBoss
13 17 (0.99%) BizTalk Server
14 15 (0.88%) Apache Spark
15 12 (0.70%) Appian
16 10 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
16 10 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 36 (2.10%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.41%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.35%) Sketch
5 5 (0.29%) RoboHelp
6 3 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.12%) Figma
7 2 (0.12%) LaTeX
8 1 (0.058%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.058%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 28 (1.63%) Markit EDM
2 24 (1.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 21 (1.23%) Oracle ERP
3 21 (1.23%) SimCorp Dimension
4 19 (1.11%) Oracle BPM
5 11 (0.64%) Remedy ITSM
6 7 (0.41%) PolarLake
6 7 (0.41%) Siebel CRM
7 4 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.18%) Eagle PACE
8 3 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.12%) Magento
9 2 (0.12%) Maximo
9 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.12%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.12%) Workday HCM
10 1 (0.058%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 812 (47.40%) AWS
2 436 (25.45%) Azure
3 241 (14.07%) GCP
4 215 (12.55%) Serverless
5 191 (11.15%) AWS Lambda
6 138 (8.06%) Amazon ECS
7 135 (7.88%) Amazon EC2
8 121 (7.06%) OpenShift
9 113 (6.60%) Amazon S3
10 86 (5.02%) AWS CloudFormation
11 83 (4.85%) Amazon SQS
12 72 (4.20%) SaaS
13 55 (3.21%) Apigee
14 51 (2.98%) PaaS
15 49 (2.86%) GitHub
16 30 (1.75%) Power Platform
17 29 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
18 23 (1.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 22 (1.28%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
20 21 (1.23%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.92%) HTTP
2 30 (1.75%) TCP/IP
3 27 (1.58%) Firewall
3 27 (1.58%) VPN
4 26 (1.52%) DNS
5 23 (1.34%) Internet
6 14 (0.82%) Ethernet
6 14 (0.82%) WAN
7 12 (0.70%) SNMP
8 11 (0.64%) SSL
9 10 (0.58%) Wireless
10 9 (0.53%) DMZ
10 9 (0.53%) Reverse Proxy
10 9 (0.53%) SMTP
11 8 (0.47%) FTP
12 7 (0.41%) Network Security
12 7 (0.41%) Skype
13 5 (0.29%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.29%) Remote Desktop
14 4 (0.23%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 297 (17.34%) SQL Server
2 152 (8.87%) MySQL
3 140 (8.17%) PostgreSQL
4 132 (7.71%) Amazon Redshift
5 111 (6.48%) Amazon RDS
6 109 (6.36%) NoSQL
7 88 (5.14%) Relational Database
8 85 (4.96%) MongoDB
9 71 (4.14%) Big Data
10 60 (3.50%) Oracle Database
11 49 (2.86%) Data Warehouse
12 41 (2.39%) Hadoop
13 39 (2.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 34 (1.98%) Redis
15 32 (1.87%) RDBMS
16 28 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 27 (1.58%) Amazon Aurora
17 27 (1.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 24 (1.40%) Power BI
19 22 (1.28%) DB2
Development Applications
1 289 (16.87%) Jenkins
2 221 (12.90%) Git (software)
3 127 (7.41%) JIRA
4 118 (6.89%) Artifactory
4 118 (6.89%) Maven
5 101 (5.90%) RStudio
6 92 (5.37%) JUnit
7 90 (5.25%) Selenium
8 89 (5.20%) GitLab
9 74 (4.32%) Cucumber
9 74 (4.32%) SoapUI
10 70 (4.09%) Visual Studio
11 56 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
12 50 (2.92%) Mockito
13 49 (2.86%) Eclipse
14 43 (2.51%) Gradle
15 39 (2.28%) Postman
16 37 (2.16%) JMeter
17 36 (2.10%) TeamCity
18 32 (1.87%) Subversion
General
1 646 (37.71%) Finance
2 386 (22.53%) Front Office
3 289 (16.87%) Banking
4 165 (9.63%) Investment Banking
5 136 (7.94%) Public Sector
6 69 (4.03%) Marketing
7 60 (3.50%) Telecoms
8 52 (3.04%) Manufacturing
9 42 (2.45%) Electronics
10 38 (2.22%) Back Office
11 22 (1.28%) Law
12 18 (1.05%) Retail
13 16 (0.93%) Aerospace
14 14 (0.82%) Military
15 13 (0.76%) Legal
16 8 (0.47%) Police
16 8 (0.47%) Retail Banking
17 7 (0.41%) Games
18 6 (0.35%) Billing
19 5 (0.29%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 951 (55.52%) Developer
2 308 (17.98%) Java Developer
3 259 (15.12%) AWS Engineer
4 236 (13.78%) AWS Developer
5 205 (11.97%) Architect
6 186 (10.86%) Software Engineer
7 145 (8.46%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 132 (7.71%) Senior Developer
9 123 (7.18%) Java Engineer
10 115 (6.71%) Python Developer
11 111 (6.48%) AWS Software Engineer
12 110 (6.42%) .NET Developer
13 91 (5.31%) Python Engineer
14 85 (4.96%) JavaScript Developer
15 82 (4.79%) Java Software Developer
16 78 (4.55%) Lead Developer
16 78 (4.55%) Solutions Architect
17 77 (4.50%) DevOps Engineer
18 69 (4.03%) Senior Java Developer
19 57 (3.33%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 367 (21.42%) AngularJS
1 367 (21.42%) REST
2 350 (20.43%) SOAP
3 317 (18.51%) React
4 301 (17.57%) .NET
5 269 (15.70%) XML
6 265 (15.47%) RESTful
7 238 (13.89%) HTML
8 196 (11.44%) CSS
8 196 (11.44%) Spring
9 188 (10.97%) Node.js
10 187 (10.92%) Vue.js
11 182 (10.62%) JSON
12 169 (9.87%) J2EE
13 138 (8.06%) ASP.NET
14 111 (6.48%) Middleware
15 100 (5.84%) Swagger
16 90 (5.25%) XSLT
17 89 (5.20%) .NET Core
18 87 (5.08%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 367 (21.42%) Fixed Income
2 319 (18.62%) Hedge funds
3 305 (17.81%) Derivative
4 300 (17.51%) Equities
5 219 (12.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 109 (6.36%) Greenfield Project
7 108 (6.30%) Analytical Skills
8 77 (4.50%) User Experience
9 49 (2.86%) Reference Data
10 39 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
11 32 (1.87%) Public Cloud
12 27 (1.58%) Management Information System
13 26 (1.52%) Cloud Native
14 24 (1.40%) Data Structures
15 20 (1.17%) CMDB
16 18 (1.05%) Blog
16 18 (1.05%) Data Centre
16 18 (1.05%) Mobile App
17 17 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
18 16 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 180 (10.51%) Linux
2 148 (8.64%) Windows
3 88 (5.14%) Unix
4 41 (2.39%) Windows Server
5 18 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
6 16 (0.93%) Android
6 16 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (0.88%) Apple iOS
8 8 (0.47%) CentOS
9 7 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
11 3 (0.18%) Debian
11 3 (0.18%) tvOS
12 2 (0.12%) Solaris
12 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.12%) VMS
12 2 (0.12%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.058%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.058%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 973 (56.80%) Agile Software Development
2 500 (29.19%) DevOps
3 467 (27.26%) Software Engineering
4 450 (26.27%) Asset Management
5 386 (22.53%) Microservices
6 285 (16.64%) Scrum
7 262 (15.29%) Investment Management
8 224 (13.08%) TDD
9 201 (11.73%) Test Automation
10 175 (10.22%) Decision-Making
11 170 (9.92%) Continuous Integration
12 159 (9.28%) Migration
13 136 (7.94%) Front End Development
13 136 (7.94%) SOA
14 127 (7.41%) BDD
15 122 (7.12%) Business Analysis
16 117 (6.83%) Unit Testing
17 113 (6.60%) Deployment Automation
18 107 (6.25%) Analytics
18 107 (6.25%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 876 (51.14%) Java
2 615 (35.90%) JavaScript
3 519 (30.30%) Python
4 404 (23.58%) SQL
5 321 (18.74%) C#
6 100 (5.84%) R
7 89 (5.20%) TypeScript
8 75 (4.38%) Java 8
9 60 (3.50%) PowerShell
10 56 (3.27%) PL/SQL
11 54 (3.15%) Perl
12 47 (2.74%) C++
12 47 (2.74%) Shell Script
13 42 (2.45%) C
13 42 (2.45%) T-SQL
14 37 (2.16%) Bash Shell
14 37 (2.16%) PHP
15 34 (1.98%) Groovy
16 33 (1.93%) Apex Code
17 31 (1.81%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 236 (13.78%) Security Cleared
2 216 (12.61%) SC Cleared
3 92 (5.37%) Degree
4 38 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 38 (2.22%) DV Cleared
5 24 (1.40%) CISSP
6 23 (1.34%) CCA
7 17 (0.99%) Sun Certification
8 16 (0.93%) ISTQB
9 15 (0.88%) ISEB
10 13 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
11 12 (0.70%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 9 (0.53%) DBS Check
15 8 (0.47%) MCITP
16 6 (0.35%) Master's Degree
16 6 (0.35%) MCAD
16 6 (0.35%) MCPD
17 5 (0.29%) CESG Certified Professional
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (3.79%) QA
2 21 (1.23%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.64%) GDPR
4 8 (0.47%) SLA
5 4 (0.23%) GxP
6 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.12%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.12%) NIST
8 1 (0.058%) COBIT
8 1 (0.058%) COSO
8 1 (0.058%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.058%) FedRAMP
8 1 (0.058%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.058%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.058%) NCSC
8 1 (0.058%) PMO
8 1 (0.058%) TARGET2
System Software
1 320 (18.68%) Docker
2 63 (3.68%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.76%) vSphere
5 9 (0.53%) RACF
6 7 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.35%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.29%) GeoWebCache
8 5 (0.29%) NDS
8 5 (0.29%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 5 (0.29%) VMware Workstation
9 4 (0.23%) NFS
9 4 (0.23%) Postfix
9 4 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.18%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.18%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.058%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.058%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.058%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.058%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 323 (18.86%) Kubernetes
2 162 (9.46%) Terraform
3 65 (3.79%) Ansible
4 40 (2.34%) Puppet
5 34 (1.98%) Packer
6 28 (1.63%) logstash
7 27 (1.58%) Kibana
8 23 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
9 17 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
10 11 (0.64%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.58%) Amdocs OSS
11 10 (0.58%) Netcool
11 10 (0.58%) Netcool/OMNIbus
12 9 (0.53%) Consul
12 9 (0.53%) FortiGate
13 8 (0.47%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 6 (0.35%) Forefront Identity Manager
15 4 (0.23%) HP ALM
15 4 (0.23%) Istio
15 4 (0.23%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 297 (17.34%) Oracle
2 213 (12.43%) Google
3 178 (10.39%) Microsoft
4 82 (4.79%) SAP
5 66 (3.85%) IBM
6 49 (2.86%) Salesforce.com
6 49 (2.86%) ServiceNow
7 35 (2.04%) Bloomberg
8 30 (1.75%) WSO2
9 29 (1.69%) Cloudera
10 28 (1.63%) Talend
11 27 (1.58%) Atlassian
12 26 (1.52%) Hortonworks
13 25 (1.46%) Red Hat
13 25 (1.46%) Remedy
14 23 (1.34%) MuleSoft
15 22 (1.28%) Charles River
16 21 (1.23%) Calypso
16 21 (1.23%) GoldenSource
16 21 (1.23%) Informatica