Period
to 23 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 23 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
23 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 41 34 40
Rank change year-on-year -7 +6 -1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4623 5239 5047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.81% 4.85% 4.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.96% 16.79% 16.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 3110 3722 3365
UK median daily rate £450 £435 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +8.75% +1.27%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £283
90th Percentile £588 £575 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £408 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +1.88% +3.90% +8.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 63 79
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £42.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.53% +11.84% +1.33%
10th Percentile £21.25 £26.60 £20.17
90th Percentile £53.50 £59.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £39.55
% change year-on-year -5.88% +7.46% +13.00%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30904 31195 30918
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.18% 28.85% 27.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 21330 21821 20570
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £294 £269
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £385 £375
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 373 479
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.50 £37.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.59% -1.46% +5.83%
10th Percentile £15.03 £12.25 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.80 £50.00 £52.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.04
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.81% +8.94%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 23 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 4214 £450 +2.86% 682
UK excluding London -3 2382 £408 +1.88% 461
London -6 2191 £500 +5.26% 270
South East +1 826 £400 -5.88% 122
North of England -5 458 £425 +6.25% 142
Midlands -15 271 £400 - 54
North West -5 257 £425 +6.25% 81
South West -4 245 £400 - 48
Scotland +6 213 £390 +11.43% 30
East of England -18 208 £410 +2.50% 45
Yorkshire -4 149 £408 -4.12% 56
East Midlands -7 141 £375 - 20
West Midlands -21 126 £425 +6.25% 33
Northern Ireland -1 86 £413 +50.00% 3
Wales +31 74 £475 +18.75% 17
North East +37 52 £375 +11.11% 5

For the 6 months to 23 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2252 (48.71%) Agile Software Development
2 2159 (46.70%) Java
3 1408 (30.46%) JavaScript
4 1273 (27.54%) SQL
5 1224 (26.48%) REST
6 1154 (24.96%) TDD
7 1128 (24.40%) HTML
8 1071 (23.17%) Amazon AWS
9 1029 (22.26%) CSS
10 1013 (21.91%) RESTful
11 991 (21.44%) .NET
12 988 (21.37%) XML
13 907 (19.62%) SOAP
13 907 (19.62%) Git (software)
14 900 (19.47%) Scrum
15 890 (19.25%) C#
16 869 (18.80%) Finance
17 833 (18.02%) Spring
18 832 (18.00%) Linux
19 827 (17.89%) Continuous Integration
20 766 (16.57%) SQL Server
21 758 (16.40%) AngularJS
22 756 (16.35%) Jenkins
23 752 (16.27%) Oracle
24 746 (16.14%) MVC
25 711 (15.38%) Test Automation
26 675 (14.60%) JSON
27 642 (13.89%) DevOps
28 593 (12.83%) BDD
29 570 (12.33%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 246 (5.32%) WebSphere
2 224 (4.85%) JBoss
3 198 (4.28%) Apache
4 188 (4.07%) Tomcat
5 170 (3.68%) Confluence
6 154 (3.33%) IIS
7 153 (3.31%) CMS
8 132 (2.86%) WebLogic
9 122 (2.64%) Elasticsearch
9 122 (2.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 105 (2.27%) SharePoint
11 83 (1.80%) Apache Spark
12 51 (1.10%) WebSphere Application Server
13 50 (1.08%) Sitecore CMS
14 46 (1.00%) Apache Solr
15 45 (0.97%) BizTalk Server
15 45 (0.97%) Mule
15 45 (0.97%) nginx
16 41 (0.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 39 (0.84%) Drupal
Applications
1 63 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (1.04%) MS Visio
3 23 (0.50%) OmniGraffle
4 22 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
5 19 (0.41%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 13 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
7 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 11 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 9 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
10 4 (0.087%) SmartSuite
11 3 (0.065%) InfoPath
12 2 (0.043%) Adobe After Effects
12 2 (0.043%) Adobe Premiere
12 2 (0.043%) InDesign
12 2 (0.043%) SPSS
13 1 (0.022%) Simulink
13 1 (0.022%) Stata
Business Applications
1 86 (1.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.71%) Payment Gateway
3 27 (0.58%) Magento
4 15 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 14 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
7 9 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
7 9 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
8 8 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
8 8 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
9 7 (0.15%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
10 6 (0.13%) OpenText Process Suite
10 6 (0.13%) Unica
11 5 (0.11%) Oracle 11i
11 5 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.11%) Pega PRPC
11 5 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.065%) RMDS
12 3 (0.065%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1071 (23.17%) Amazon AWS
2 313 (6.77%) Microsoft Azure
3 142 (3.07%) SaaS
4 108 (2.34%) PaaS
5 89 (1.93%) GitHub
6 88 (1.90%) IaaS
7 81 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
8 77 (1.67%) Amazon S3
8 77 (1.67%) AWS CloudFormation
9 62 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
10 52 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
10 52 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
11 40 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
12 37 (0.80%) Office 365
13 31 (0.67%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 30 (0.65%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 29 (0.63%) Google Analytics
16 25 (0.54%) Amazon ELB
16 25 (0.54%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 24 (0.52%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 198 (4.28%) HTTP
2 157 (3.40%) Internet
3 97 (2.10%) TCP/IP
4 90 (1.95%) LDAP
5 86 (1.86%) SSL
6 75 (1.62%) Firewall
7 71 (1.54%) DNS
8 43 (0.93%) VPN
9 33 (0.71%) FTP
10 32 (0.69%) Network Security
11 31 (0.67%) Intranet
11 31 (0.67%) WAN
12 26 (0.56%) LAN
12 26 (0.56%) SMTP
12 26 (0.56%) SSH
13 20 (0.43%) SAN
14 15 (0.32%) IMAP
14 15 (0.32%) SNMP
15 14 (0.30%) Ethernet
15 14 (0.30%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 766 (16.57%) SQL Server
2 418 (9.04%) Relational Database
3 320 (6.92%) NoSQL
4 284 (6.14%) MongoDB
5 254 (5.49%) MySQL
6 213 (4.61%) Big Data
7 188 (4.07%) PostgreSQL
8 165 (3.57%) Hadoop
9 148 (3.20%) RDBMS
10 139 (3.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 138 (2.99%) Oracle Database
12 105 (2.27%) SQL Server 2008
13 92 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
14 87 (1.88%) SQL Server 2012
15 86 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
16 80 (1.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 78 (1.69%) DB2
18 72 (1.56%) HBase
19 55 (1.19%) Apache Hive
20 48 (1.04%) Redis
Development Applications
1 907 (19.62%) Git (software)
2 756 (16.35%) Jenkins
3 448 (9.69%) Maven
4 445 (9.63%) JIRA
5 321 (6.94%) Selenium
6 312 (6.75%) JUnit
7 263 (5.69%) Subversion
8 233 (5.04%) Team Foundation Server
9 210 (4.54%) Cucumber
10 170 (3.68%) Visual Studio
11 163 (3.53%) Eclipse
12 150 (3.24%) Gradle
13 140 (3.03%) Mockito
14 137 (2.96%) Ant
15 135 (2.92%) SoapUI
16 127 (2.75%) TeamCity
17 116 (2.51%) WebDriver
18 110 (2.38%) gulp
19 103 (2.23%) Grunt
20 99 (2.14%) NUnit
General
1 869 (18.80%) Finance
2 447 (9.67%) Banking
3 180 (3.89%) Retail
4 158 (3.42%) Marketing
5 137 (2.96%) Telecoms
6 92 (1.99%) Front Office
7 87 (1.88%) Manufacturing
8 68 (1.47%) Electronics
9 57 (1.23%) Games
10 54 (1.17%) Investment Banking
11 49 (1.06%) Financial Institution
12 48 (1.04%) Publishing
13 37 (0.80%) Legal
14 26 (0.56%) Back Office
15 24 (0.52%) Advertising
15 24 (0.52%) Automotive
16 23 (0.50%) Law
17 16 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
18 13 (0.28%) Billing
19 11 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2826 (61.13%) Developer
2 1038 (22.45%) Java Developer
3 429 (9.28%) .NET Developer
4 403 (8.72%) Architect
5 296 (6.40%) Senior Developer
6 284 (6.14%) C# Developer
7 267 (5.78%) Analyst
8 212 (4.59%) DevOps Engineer
9 188 (4.07%) JavaScript Developer
10 186 (4.02%) C# .NET Developer
11 177 (3.83%) Consultant
12 155 (3.35%) Senior Java Developer
13 152 (3.29%) Agile Developer
14 148 (3.20%) Tester
15 146 (3.16%) Web Developer
16 139 (3.01%) Full Stack Developer
17 136 (2.94%) Angular Developer
18 130 (2.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 121 (2.62%) AWS Engineer
20 120 (2.60%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1224 (26.48%) REST
2 1128 (24.40%) HTML
3 1029 (22.26%) CSS
4 1013 (21.91%) RESTful
5 991 (21.44%) .NET
6 988 (21.37%) XML
7 907 (19.62%) SOAP
8 833 (18.02%) Spring
9 758 (16.40%) AngularJS
10 675 (14.60%) JSON
11 512 (11.08%) HTML5
12 431 (9.32%) ASP.NET
13 412 (8.91%) jQuery
14 411 (8.89%) Node.js
15 404 (8.74%) Hibernate
16 367 (7.94%) J2EE
17 306 (6.62%) .NET Framework
18 290 (6.27%) CSS3
19 284 (6.14%) ASP.NET Web API
20 282 (6.10%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 328 (7.09%) Analytical Skills
2 250 (5.41%) User Experience
3 185 (4.00%) Computer Science
4 180 (3.89%) Mobile App
5 162 (3.50%) Greenfield Project
6 138 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
7 94 (2.03%) Virtual Team
8 91 (1.97%) Algorithms
9 74 (1.60%) iPad
10 69 (1.49%) Client/Server
11 58 (1.25%) Management Information System
12 56 (1.21%) N-Tier
13 52 (1.12%) Public Cloud
14 47 (1.02%) Data Structures
15 41 (0.89%) Fintech
16 37 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
16 37 (0.80%) Private Cloud
17 36 (0.78%) W3C
18 34 (0.74%) Social Media
19 32 (0.69%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 832 (18.00%) Linux
2 469 (10.14%) Windows
3 374 (8.09%) Unix
4 130 (2.81%) Apple iOS
5 119 (2.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 104 (2.25%) Android
6 104 (2.25%) Windows Server
7 65 (1.41%) CentOS
8 52 (1.12%) Mac OS X
9 46 (1.00%) Windows Server 2012
10 38 (0.82%) Solaris
11 37 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
12 27 (0.58%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.45%) HPUX
14 17 (0.37%) Debian
15 13 (0.28%) SUSE
16 12 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
17 10 (0.22%) AIX
18 9 (0.19%) VMS
18 9 (0.19%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2252 (48.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1154 (24.96%) TDD
3 900 (19.47%) Scrum
4 827 (17.89%) Continuous Integration
5 746 (16.14%) MVC
6 711 (15.38%) Test Automation
7 642 (13.89%) DevOps
8 593 (12.83%) BDD
9 483 (10.45%) SOA
10 478 (10.34%) OO
11 432 (9.34%) Microservices
12 411 (8.89%) Unit Testing
13 402 (8.70%) Web Development
14 400 (8.65%) Software Engineering
15 350 (7.57%) E-Commerce
16 346 (7.48%) Open Source
17 301 (6.51%) Kanban
18 299 (6.47%) SDLC
19 260 (5.62%) Configuration Management
20 258 (5.58%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2159 (46.70%) Java
2 1408 (30.46%) JavaScript
3 1273 (27.54%) SQL
4 890 (19.25%) C#
5 555 (12.01%) Python
6 254 (5.49%) T-SQL
7 232 (5.02%) Ruby
8 221 (4.78%) Scala
9 164 (3.55%) PL/SQL
10 149 (3.22%) Groovy
11 145 (3.14%) PHP
12 141 (3.05%) Bash Shell
13 137 (2.96%) PowerShell
14 121 (2.62%) Shell Script
15 109 (2.36%) Perl
16 96 (2.08%) VB.NET
17 87 (1.88%) C++
18 84 (1.82%) C
19 83 (1.80%) TypeScript
20 74 (1.60%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 332 (7.18%) Security Cleared
2 262 (5.67%) Degree
3 240 (5.19%) SC Cleared
4 84 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (1.06%) ISEB
6 37 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
6 37 (0.80%) DV Cleared
7 35 (0.76%) AWS Certification
7 35 (0.76%) ISTQB
8 26 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
9 23 (0.50%) CISSP
10 18 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
11 17 (0.37%) Master's Degree
12 15 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 14 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
14 12 (0.26%) CISA
14 12 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
15 10 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
16 9 (0.19%) BC Cleared
16 9 (0.19%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 309 (6.68%) QA
2 24 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.41%) SLA
4 16 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
4 16 (0.35%) PCI DSS
5 14 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.26%) GDPR
7 11 (0.24%) COBIT
8 9 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
9 8 (0.17%) GCP
9 8 (0.17%) MiFID
10 7 (0.15%) HL7
11 5 (0.11%) GPG13
12 4 (0.087%) Dodd-Frank
12 4 (0.087%) FedRAMP
12 4 (0.087%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 4 (0.087%) JSP 440
12 4 (0.087%) PMO
13 3 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 2 (0.043%) EMIR
System Software
1 401 (8.67%) Docker
2 101 (2.18%) Active Directory
3 55 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
5 35 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
6 25 (0.54%) Apache Flume
6 25 (0.54%) HDFS
7 22 (0.48%) vSphere
8 11 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (0.22%) Hyper-V
10 7 (0.15%) Varnish
10 7 (0.15%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 6 (0.13%) LXC
11 6 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
12 5 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.11%) UAG
12 5 (0.11%) XenApp
13 4 (0.087%) NFS
13 4 (0.087%) Shibboleth
13 4 (0.087%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 278 (6.01%) Ansible
2 263 (5.69%) Puppet
3 191 (4.13%) Opscode Chef
4 129 (2.79%) Kubernetes
5 111 (2.40%) Terraform
6 61 (1.32%) logstash
7 54 (1.17%) Kibana
8 31 (0.67%) HP Quality Center
9 26 (0.56%) Salt
10 23 (0.50%) Grafana
10 23 (0.50%) Graphite
10 23 (0.50%) Nagios
11 19 (0.41%) vRealize
12 17 (0.37%) ZABBIX
13 16 (0.35%) Packer
13 16 (0.35%) Rancher
14 15 (0.32%) Consul
15 14 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
16 13 (0.28%) HAProxy
16 13 (0.28%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 752 (16.27%) Oracle
2 570 (12.33%) Microsoft
3 178 (3.85%) IBM
4 159 (3.44%) SAP
5 126 (2.73%) Google
6 118 (2.55%) Red Hat
7 117 (2.53%) VMware
8 114 (2.47%) ServiceNow
9 113 (2.44%) Salesforce.com
10 91 (1.97%) Sitecore
11 73 (1.58%) Adobe
12 69 (1.49%) HP
13 65 (1.41%) ATG
14 52 (1.12%) Sybase
15 51 (1.10%) hybris
16 43 (0.93%) New Relic
17 37 (0.80%) Xamarin
18 36 (0.78%) WSO2
19 35 (0.76%) Atlassian
19 35 (0.76%) MuleSoft