Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 48 42 37
Rank change year-on-year -6 -5 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,451 5,145 4,594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.65% 5.09% 4.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.16% 15.59% 15.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,845 3,613 3,123
UK median daily rate £489 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £612 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 66 46 60
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £44.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -3.95% -0.08%
10th Percentile £26.65 £21.25 £24.90
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.75 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.25 £45.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year +2.78% +4.05% -2.26%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,444 33,008 29,047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.86% 32.63% 31.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,151 23,259 20,040
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +9.20% +2.35%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 332 366
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +1.23% +4.52%
10th Percentile £18.28 £17.03 £15.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +3.23%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 4,095 £500 +5.26% 352
UK excluding London -4 2,381 £450 +5.88% 235
London -12 1,982 £525 +5.00% 132
South East -10 656 £439 -2.39% 54
North of England -3 566 £430 +7.50% 68
Midlands -2 362 £475 +11.76% 44
North West -7 317 £425 +3.03% 44
South West -13 269 £450 +5.88% 20
West Midlands -7 230 £475 +11.76% 34
East of England -5 221 £478 -4.50% 34
Scotland +16 208 £450 +5.88% 8
Yorkshire -3 174 £450 +12.50% 18
East Midlands +7 122 £475 +15.85% 10
North East +13 75 £450 +38.57% 6
Wales -12 70 £416 +9.54% 6
Northern Ireland +21 27 £412 -4.41% 1
Isle of Man - 4 - -
Channel Islands - 1 £413 -

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,272 (51.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,871 (42.04%) Java
3 1,479 (33.23%) Amazon AWS
4 1,393 (31.30%) JavaScript
5 1,071 (24.06%) REST
6 1,064 (23.90%) TDD
7 1,027 (23.07%) SQL
8 1,017 (22.85%) SOAP
9 966 (21.70%) RESTful
10 943 (21.19%) C#
11 940 (21.12%) DevOps
12 928 (20.85%) .NET
13 925 (20.78%) HTML
14 912 (20.49%) Scrum
15 898 (20.18%) Git (software)
16 860 (19.32%) Finance
17 846 (19.01%) Jenkins
18 835 (18.76%) XML
19 780 (17.52%) Microservices
20 762 (17.12%) CSS
21 755 (16.96%) Test Automation
22 730 (16.40%) Continuous Integration
23 717 (16.11%) Microsoft Azure
24 693 (15.57%) Spring
25 672 (15.10%) Docker
26 669 (15.03%) SQL Server
27 651 (14.63%) JSON
28 610 (13.70%) BDD
29 598 (13.44%) Linux
30 585 (13.14%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 264 (5.93%) Confluence
2 161 (3.62%) Tomcat
3 128 (2.88%) WebSphere
4 127 (2.85%) CMS
5 121 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
6 118 (2.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 115 (2.58%) JBoss
8 113 (2.54%) SharePoint
9 105 (2.36%) Apache
10 101 (2.27%) Mule
11 73 (1.64%) IIS
12 61 (1.37%) Oracle Service Bus
13 60 (1.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 50 (1.12%) Apache Spark
15 49 (1.10%) WebLogic
16 43 (0.97%) nginx
17 42 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
18 37 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
19 27 (0.61%) Umbraco
20 24 (0.54%) Anypoint
Applications
1 54 (1.21%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.58%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.045%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.045%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.022%) CATIA
9 1 (0.022%) InDesign
9 1 (0.022%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.022%) InVision
9 1 (0.022%) iWork
9 1 (0.022%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 123 (2.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
3 19 (0.43%) Teamcenter
4 17 (0.38%) Workday HCM
5 15 (0.34%) Magento
6 14 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
7 8 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
8 7 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.16%) Maximo
8 7 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
9 6 (0.13%) HFM
9 6 (0.13%) Oracle CRM
9 6 (0.13%) Oracle CRM On Demand
10 5 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.090%) SAP FI
11 4 (0.090%) VisionPLUS
12 3 (0.067%) Oracle Applications
12 3 (0.067%) Oracle ERP
12 3 (0.067%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 1,479 (33.23%) Amazon AWS
2 717 (16.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 284 (6.38%) Amazon EC2
4 273 (6.13%) Serverless
5 235 (5.28%) Google Cloud Platform
6 227 (5.10%) Amazon S3
7 226 (5.08%) AWS Lambda
8 204 (4.58%) SaaS
9 160 (3.59%) AWS CloudFormation
10 143 (3.21%) GitHub
11 126 (2.83%) PaaS
12 115 (2.58%) Amazon SQS
13 101 (2.27%) OpenShift
14 88 (1.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 87 (1.95%) Office 365
16 64 (1.44%) Dynamics 365
17 58 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
17 58 (1.30%) IaaS
18 52 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 50 (1.12%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 129 (2.90%) TCP/IP
2 113 (2.54%) HTTP
3 103 (2.31%) DNS
3 103 (2.31%) Firewall
4 99 (2.22%) Internet
5 83 (1.86%) VPN
6 74 (1.66%) SSL
7 45 (1.01%) Network Security
8 43 (0.97%) WAN
9 37 (0.83%) Reverse Proxy
10 35 (0.79%) LAN
11 28 (0.63%) SAN
12 26 (0.58%) FTP
13 25 (0.56%) Ethernet
14 24 (0.54%) DHCP
15 18 (0.40%) IPsec
15 18 (0.40%) SMTP
16 16 (0.36%) Wireshark
17 14 (0.31%) Bluetooth
17 14 (0.31%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 669 (15.03%) SQL Server
2 314 (7.05%) NoSQL
3 298 (6.70%) Relational Database
4 275 (6.18%) MongoDB
5 215 (4.83%) MySQL
6 189 (4.25%) Amazon RDS
7 182 (4.09%) PostgreSQL
8 155 (3.48%) Apache Cassandra
9 136 (3.06%) Big Data
10 135 (3.03%) RDBMS
11 119 (2.67%) Amazon Redshift
12 101 (2.27%) Hadoop
13 100 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
14 90 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 89 (2.00%) Oracle Database
16 72 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 70 (1.57%) DB2
18 63 (1.42%) Redis
19 49 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 40 (0.90%) HBase
Development Applications
1 898 (20.18%) Git (software)
2 846 (19.01%) Jenkins
3 499 (11.21%) JIRA
4 443 (9.95%) Maven
5 354 (7.95%) Selenium
6 314 (7.05%) JUnit
7 275 (6.18%) Cucumber
8 259 (5.82%) Visual Studio
9 179 (4.02%) Team Foundation Server
10 161 (3.62%) TeamCity
11 148 (3.33%) Mockito
12 147 (3.30%) Subversion
13 143 (3.21%) Bitbucket
13 143 (3.21%) Eclipse
14 137 (3.08%) SonarQube
15 132 (2.97%) SoapUI
16 111 (2.49%) Gradle
17 107 (2.40%) GitLab
18 95 (2.13%) Sonatype Nexus
19 91 (2.04%) JMeter
General
1 860 (19.32%) Finance
2 388 (8.72%) Banking
3 176 (3.95%) Marketing
4 168 (3.77%) Retail
5 141 (3.17%) Telecoms
6 120 (2.70%) Manufacturing
7 109 (2.45%) Front Office
8 91 (2.04%) Electronics
9 61 (1.37%) Back Office
10 52 (1.17%) Investment Banking
11 42 (0.94%) Games
12 39 (0.88%) Law
13 36 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 35 (0.79%) Legal
15 34 (0.76%) Aerospace
16 25 (0.56%) Publishing
17 23 (0.52%) Billing
17 23 (0.52%) Military
18 17 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
19 15 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,402 (53.97%) Developer
2 765 (17.19%) Java Developer
3 529 (11.88%) Architect
4 357 (8.02%) .NET Developer
5 333 (7.48%) Senior Developer
6 287 (6.45%) DevOps Engineer
7 220 (4.94%) Analyst
8 200 (4.49%) C# Developer
9 199 (4.47%) AWS Developer
10 196 (4.40%) Full Stack Developer
11 192 (4.31%) AWS Engineer
12 168 (3.77%) Tester
13 164 (3.68%) Solutions Architect
14 147 (3.30%) Senior Java Developer
15 146 (3.28%) Lead Developer
16 143 (3.21%) AWS DevOps
17 142 (3.19%) C# .NET Developer
18 129 (2.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 126 (2.83%) Consultant
20 125 (2.81%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,071 (24.06%) REST
2 1,017 (22.85%) SOAP
3 966 (21.70%) RESTful
4 928 (20.85%) .NET
5 925 (20.78%) HTML
6 835 (18.76%) XML
7 762 (17.12%) CSS
8 693 (15.57%) Spring
9 651 (14.63%) JSON
10 507 (11.39%) AngularJS
11 445 (10.00%) Node.js
12 396 (8.90%) ASP.NET
13 383 (8.60%) HTML5
14 350 (7.86%) React
15 331 (7.44%) J2EE
16 318 (7.14%) .NET Framework
17 304 (6.83%) Spring Boot
18 298 (6.70%) jQuery
19 265 (5.95%) ASP.NET Web API
20 251 (5.64%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 272 (6.11%) Analytical Skills
2 270 (6.07%) Greenfield Project
3 186 (4.18%) Mobile App
4 146 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
4 146 (3.28%) User Experience
5 133 (2.99%) Public Cloud
6 77 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
7 76 (1.71%) Algorithms
8 72 (1.62%) Data Structures
8 72 (1.62%) Fixed Income
9 63 (1.42%) Virtual Team
10 62 (1.39%) Fintech
10 62 (1.39%) Management Information System
11 51 (1.15%) Data Centre
12 45 (1.01%) Client/Server
13 43 (0.97%) NHS
14 41 (0.92%) Cloud Native
15 39 (0.88%) Replication
16 32 (0.72%) Social Media
17 31 (0.70%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 598 (13.44%) Linux
2 374 (8.40%) Windows
3 226 (5.08%) Unix
4 130 (2.92%) Android
5 115 (2.58%) Apple iOS
6 107 (2.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 102 (2.29%) Windows Server
8 21 (0.47%) CentOS
8 21 (0.47%) Solaris
9 20 (0.45%) Windows 10
10 18 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
11 15 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
12 13 (0.29%) Debian
13 12 (0.27%) Mac OS
13 12 (0.27%) Ubuntu
14 11 (0.25%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.11%) Mesosphere
15 5 (0.11%) tvOS
15 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.090%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,272 (51.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,064 (23.90%) TDD
3 940 (21.12%) DevOps
4 912 (20.49%) Scrum
5 780 (17.52%) Microservices
6 755 (16.96%) Test Automation
7 730 (16.40%) Continuous Integration
8 610 (13.70%) BDD
9 538 (12.09%) MVC
10 442 (9.93%) Software Engineering
11 404 (9.08%) SOA
12 354 (7.95%) Open Source
13 349 (7.84%) Kanban
14 332 (7.46%) OO
15 325 (7.30%) Unit Testing
16 324 (7.28%) Problem-Solving
17 275 (6.18%) E-Commerce
18 274 (6.16%) SDLC
19 245 (5.50%) Migration
20 242 (5.44%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,871 (42.04%) Java
2 1,393 (31.30%) JavaScript
3 1,027 (23.07%) SQL
4 943 (21.19%) C#
5 575 (12.92%) Python
6 340 (7.64%) Java 8
7 170 (3.82%) PowerShell
8 146 (3.28%) Scala
9 143 (3.21%) Ruby
10 128 (2.88%) Groovy
11 126 (2.83%) C++
12 121 (2.72%) PHP
13 113 (2.54%) Bash Shell
14 112 (2.52%) T-SQL
15 99 (2.22%) PL/SQL
16 76 (1.71%) TypeScript
17 73 (1.64%) Shell Script
18 70 (1.57%) C
19 64 (1.44%) ES6
20 60 (1.35%) Perl
Qualifications
1 388 (8.72%) Security Cleared
2 309 (6.94%) SC Cleared
3 308 (6.92%) Degree
4 73 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 64 (1.44%) AWS Certification
6 49 (1.10%) DV Cleared
7 47 (1.06%) ISTQB
8 46 (1.03%) CISSP
9 44 (0.99%) RHCE
10 41 (0.92%) CISM
11 40 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
12 35 (0.79%) ISEB
13 31 (0.70%) Master's Degree
14 23 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
15 22 (0.49%) CISA
16 20 (0.45%) ITIL Certification
17 19 (0.43%) DBS Check
18 18 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
19 17 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 16 (0.36%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 277 (6.22%) QA
2 66 (1.48%) PCI DSS
3 49 (1.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 46 (1.03%) GDPR
5 36 (0.81%) SLA
6 30 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 19 (0.43%) HMG Infosec
7 19 (0.43%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 19 (0.43%) JSP 440
8 16 (0.36%) Data Quality
9 14 (0.31%) SEPA
10 12 (0.27%) HL7
10 12 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 11 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
11 11 (0.25%) HIPAA
12 10 (0.22%) ISO 9001
13 9 (0.20%) FedRAMP
13 9 (0.20%) PSD2
14 8 (0.18%) ISO 31000
14 8 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 672 (15.10%) Docker
2 142 (3.19%) Active Directory
3 99 (2.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (1.42%) vSphere
5 31 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
6 18 (0.40%) Hyper-V
7 15 (0.34%) Apache Flume
7 15 (0.34%) HDFS
8 10 (0.22%) Squid
8 10 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
9 8 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 8 (0.18%) ISA Server
10 7 (0.16%) Snort
11 6 (0.13%) Postfix
11 6 (0.13%) Shibboleth
11 6 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
11 6 (0.13%) Xen
12 4 (0.090%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.090%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 4 (0.090%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 436 (9.80%) Kubernetes
2 317 (7.12%) Terraform
3 304 (6.83%) Ansible
4 237 (5.32%) Puppet
5 201 (4.52%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
7 57 (1.28%) Kibana
8 44 (0.99%) logstash
8 44 (0.99%) Mesos
9 39 (0.88%) Packer
10 27 (0.61%) HP Quality Center
11 26 (0.58%) SELinux
12 25 (0.56%) Grafana
13 20 (0.45%) Amdocs OSS
13 20 (0.45%) HP ALM
13 20 (0.45%) Marathon
13 20 (0.45%) Rancher
13 20 (0.45%) SCCM
14 17 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
15 15 (0.34%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 585 (13.14%) Microsoft
2 565 (12.69%) Oracle
3 260 (5.84%) Google
4 188 (4.22%) SAP
5 136 (3.06%) Splunk
6 128 (2.88%) VMware
7 121 (2.72%) IBM
8 113 (2.54%) Red Hat
9 98 (2.20%) ServiceNow
10 93 (2.09%) Atlassian
11 85 (1.91%) Adobe
12 79 (1.77%) WSO2
13 78 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
14 67 (1.51%) MuleSoft
15 46 (1.03%) HP
16 43 (0.97%) Cisco
17 42 (0.94%) Dell
18 40 (0.90%) Talend
19 39 (0.88%) Qualys
20 36 (0.81%) Informatica