Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 50 47
Rank change year-on-year -10 -3 -4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,908 2,501 4,476
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.62% 4.20% 4.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.94% 13.99% 14.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,383 1,745 2,902
10th Percentile £350 £363 £350
25th Percentile £425 £431 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £495
Median % change year-on-year - +6.06% +4.21%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £575
90th Percentile £700 £700 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -10.53% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 21 58
10th Percentile £21.78 £18.80 £23.10
25th Percentile £25.50 £31.19 £40.47
Median hourly rate £40.00 £50.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -20.79% +12.22% +5.88%
75th Percentile £50.00 £53.00 £53.44
90th Percentile £55.00 £64.88 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £50.50 £48.40
% change year-on-year -20.79% +4.34% +7.56%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,976 17,873 31,752
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.30% 30.04% 32.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,414 12,595 22,718
10th Percentile £325 £331 £325
25th Percentile £405 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £576 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 168 279
10th Percentile £23.75 £18.79 £17.90
25th Percentile £33.81 £28.61 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%
75th Percentile £57.25 £53.28 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.00 £69.65 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.05% +1.76% +3.66%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 1,606 £525 - 659
London -10 1,063 £550 - 240
Work from Home +1 675 £525 -2.33% 137
UK excluding London -11 562 £425 -10.53% 464
South East -13 160 £425 -5.56% 89
North of England -3 115 £419 -6.94% 130
Scotland -1 81 £425 -5.56% 27
Midlands -6 76 £400 -15.79% 91
North West -1 70 £495 +4.21% 79
South West -14 68 £450 -14.29% 57
East of England -14 53 £450 -11.11% 47
West Midlands -6 50 £400 -17.95% 57
Yorkshire +19 37 £400 -15.79% 38
East Midlands +17 17 £400 +4.92% 33
North East +3 8 £444 +3.20% 13
Wales -9 7 £500 +11.11% 17
Northern Ireland +9 1 - - 7
Channel Islands +5 1 - -

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,019 (53.41%) Agile Software Development
2 878 (46.02%) AWS
3 787 (41.25%) JavaScript
4 756 (39.62%) Java
5 637 (33.39%) Finance
6 582 (30.50%) Software Engineering
7 519 (27.20%) Python
8 493 (25.84%) Azure
9 480 (25.16%) React
10 478 (25.05%) Docker
11 399 (20.91%) Kubernetes
12 397 (20.81%) SQL
13 389 (20.39%) Node.js
14 382 (20.02%) REST
15 380 (19.92%) Asset Management
16 366 (19.18%) DevOps
17 362 (18.97%) .NET
18 361 (18.92%) Terraform
19 354 (18.55%) Serverless
20 353 (18.50%) Front Office
21 334 (17.51%) Microservices
22 324 (16.98%) AngularJS
23 315 (16.51%) RESTful
24 303 (15.88%) HTML
25 300 (15.72%) SOAP
26 290 (15.20%) Investment Management
27 280 (14.68%) XML
28 273 (14.31%) Git (software)
29 262 (13.73%) C#
30 254 (13.31%) CSS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (3.88%) Apache
1 74 (3.88%) Confluence
2 68 (3.56%) Apache Spark
3 64 (3.35%) Mule
4 52 (2.73%) Red Hat Fuse
5 48 (2.52%) CMS
6 43 (2.25%) JBoss
7 36 (1.89%) Tomcat
8 33 (1.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 31 (1.62%) WebSphere
10 28 (1.47%) Anypoint
11 27 (1.42%) SharePoint
12 20 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
13 18 (0.94%) WebLogic
14 16 (0.84%) BizTalk Server
15 15 (0.79%) IIS
16 14 (0.73%) Jadu
16 14 (0.73%) nginx
17 13 (0.68%) FileNet
18 12 (0.63%) WordPress
Applications
1 13 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.63%) Chatbot
3 8 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.37%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.052%) InDesign
6 1 (0.052%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 34 (1.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.79%) Magento
3 6 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
4 5 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
4 5 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.16%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.16%) Minerva
6 3 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
6 3 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.16%) SAP TEM
7 2 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.10%) Maximo
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.10%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.10%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.052%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.052%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 878 (46.02%) AWS
2 493 (25.84%) Azure
3 354 (18.55%) Serverless
4 243 (12.74%) AWS Lambda
5 237 (12.42%) GCP
6 222 (11.64%) Amazon S3
7 165 (8.65%) Amazon SQS
8 141 (7.39%) AWS Step Functions
9 83 (4.35%) PaaS
10 73 (3.83%) Amazon EC2
11 71 (3.72%) GitHub
12 67 (3.51%) Power Platform
13 59 (3.09%) IaaS
14 55 (2.88%) SaaS
15 50 (2.62%) Microsoft 365
16 44 (2.31%) Amazon ECS
17 43 (2.25%) AWS CloudFormation
18 36 (1.89%) Amazon EKS
18 36 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
19 33 (1.73%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 113 (5.92%) HTTP
2 43 (2.25%) TCP/IP
3 32 (1.68%) DNS
4 30 (1.57%) Firewall
5 27 (1.42%) SSL
6 26 (1.36%) Network Security
7 19 (1.00%) Internet
8 15 (0.79%) FTP
8 15 (0.79%) IPv6
9 14 (0.73%) Intranet
10 13 (0.68%) Broadband
10 13 (0.68%) SMTP
11 12 (0.63%) Unified Communications
12 11 (0.58%) Ethernet
12 11 (0.58%) HTTPS
12 11 (0.58%) IPv4
12 11 (0.58%) VPN
13 8 (0.42%) DHCP
13 8 (0.42%) SSH
14 6 (0.31%) Softphone
Database & Business Intelligence
1 222 (11.64%) SQL Server
2 194 (10.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 174 (9.12%) Amazon RDS
4 127 (6.66%) NoSQL
5 111 (5.82%) Relational Database
6 88 (4.61%) MongoDB
7 86 (4.51%) MySQL
8 82 (4.30%) PostgreSQL
9 53 (2.78%) Big Data
10 43 (2.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 39 (2.04%) RDBMS
12 36 (1.89%) Power BI
13 35 (1.83%) Apache Ignite
14 34 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
15 31 (1.62%) Oracle Database
16 29 (1.52%) Redis
17 24 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
18 22 (1.15%) Data Lake
19 21 (1.10%) Hadoop
20 19 (1.00%) Flink
Development Applications
1 273 (14.31%) Git (software)
2 247 (12.95%) Jenkins
3 165 (8.65%) JIRA
4 113 (5.92%) Maven
5 82 (4.30%) Cucumber
5 82 (4.30%) JUnit
6 78 (4.09%) Selenium
7 63 (3.30%) GitLab
8 58 (3.04%) Visual Studio
9 44 (2.31%) Subversion
10 41 (2.15%) Gradle
11 37 (1.94%) Eclipse
11 37 (1.94%) TeamCity
12 36 (1.89%) SoapUI
13 31 (1.62%) Mockito
14 30 (1.57%) NetBeans
15 26 (1.36%) Bitbucket
16 25 (1.31%) Postman
17 24 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
18 23 (1.21%) JMeter
General
1 637 (33.39%) Finance
2 353 (18.50%) Front Office
3 137 (7.18%) Public Sector
4 117 (6.13%) Banking
5 81 (4.25%) Marketing
6 64 (3.35%) Telecoms
7 61 (3.20%) Investment Banking
8 43 (2.25%) Retail
9 37 (1.94%) Manufacturing
10 34 (1.78%) Electronics
11 30 (1.57%) Law
12 16 (0.84%) Local Government
13 12 (0.63%) Games
13 12 (0.63%) Military
13 12 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.58%) Aerospace
15 10 (0.52%) Legal
16 8 (0.42%) Billing
17 6 (0.31%) Multimedia
18 5 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,124 (58.91%) Developer
2 303 (15.88%) React Developer
3 219 (11.48%) Software Engineer
4 218 (11.43%) Java Developer
5 185 (9.70%) AWS Developer
6 181 (9.49%) Architect
7 152 (7.97%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 148 (7.76%) JavaScript Developer
9 132 (6.92%) Senior Developer
10 128 (6.71%) Full Stack Developer
11 104 (5.45%) Python Developer
12 98 (5.14%) AWS Engineer
13 96 (5.03%) DevOps Engineer
14 92 (4.82%) .NET Developer
15 89 (4.66%) Node.js Developer
16 78 (4.09%) Senior Java Developer
17 76 (3.98%) Designer
18 71 (3.72%) Consultant
18 71 (3.72%) Python Engineer
18 71 (3.72%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 480 (25.16%) React
2 389 (20.39%) Node.js
3 382 (20.02%) REST
4 362 (18.97%) .NET
5 324 (16.98%) AngularJS
6 315 (16.51%) RESTful
7 303 (15.88%) HTML
8 300 (15.72%) SOAP
9 280 (14.68%) XML
10 254 (13.31%) CSS
11 247 (12.95%) Spring
12 230 (12.05%) JSON
13 125 (6.55%) Spring Boot
14 117 (6.13%) HTML5
15 108 (5.66%) Vue.js
16 96 (5.03%) Middleware
17 91 (4.77%) Hibernate
18 88 (4.61%) React Native
19 84 (4.40%) Kafka
20 80 (4.19%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 121 (6.34%) Fixed Income
2 120 (6.29%) User Experience
3 112 (5.87%) Derivative
4 111 (5.82%) Equities
5 102 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
6 64 (3.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 57 (2.99%) Blog
7 57 (2.99%) Greenfield Project
8 56 (2.94%) Data Structures
9 42 (2.20%) Hedge funds
10 41 (2.15%) Mobile App
11 40 (2.10%) Public Cloud
12 38 (1.99%) Cloud Native
13 37 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
14 36 (1.89%) Algorithms
14 36 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
15 33 (1.73%) Virtual Team
16 31 (1.62%) Management Information System
17 30 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
18 25 (1.31%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 234 (12.26%) Linux
2 125 (6.55%) Windows
3 85 (4.45%) Unix
4 35 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (1.57%) Apple iOS
6 29 (1.52%) Android
7 19 (1.00%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.63%) CentOS
9 10 (0.52%) Windows 10
10 7 (0.37%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.31%) zOS
12 4 (0.21%) AIX
13 3 (0.16%) Amazon Linux
13 3 (0.16%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.16%) Solaris
13 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.10%) SUSE
14 2 (0.10%) Tizen
14 2 (0.10%) VMS
14 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,019 (53.41%) Agile Software Development
2 582 (30.50%) Software Engineering
3 380 (19.92%) Asset Management
4 366 (19.18%) DevOps
5 334 (17.51%) Microservices
6 290 (15.20%) Investment Management
7 244 (12.79%) Scrum
8 239 (12.53%) TDD
9 206 (10.80%) Continuous Integration
10 185 (9.70%) Test Automation
11 159 (8.33%) SOA
12 157 (8.23%) BDD
13 143 (7.49%) Open Source
14 133 (6.97%) SDLC
15 128 (6.71%) Migration
15 128 (6.71%) MVC
16 117 (6.13%) Problem-Solving
17 112 (5.87%) OO
18 94 (4.93%) Web Development
19 93 (4.87%) Release Management
Programming Languages
1 787 (41.25%) JavaScript
2 756 (39.62%) Java
3 519 (27.20%) Python
4 397 (20.81%) SQL
5 262 (13.73%) C#
6 214 (11.22%) TypeScript
7 140 (7.34%) Kotlin
8 69 (3.62%) Java 8
9 65 (3.41%) PowerShell
10 64 (3.35%) C++
11 63 (3.30%) Bash Shell
12 61 (3.20%) PHP
13 57 (2.99%) Scala
14 47 (2.46%) Ruby
15 40 (2.10%) T-SQL
16 37 (1.94%) Apex Code
17 36 (1.89%) R
18 35 (1.83%) Go
19 34 (1.78%) Groovy
19 34 (1.78%) XPath
Qualifications
1 163 (8.54%) Security Cleared
2 161 (8.44%) Degree
3 154 (8.07%) SC Cleared
4 33 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (0.79%) AWS Certification
6 8 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.42%) CISSP
6 8 (0.42%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.31%) CCNA
7 6 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (0.31%) CISM
7 6 (0.31%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 5 (0.26%) CCNP
8 5 (0.26%) ISEB
8 5 (0.26%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.21%) CCA
9 4 (0.21%) GIAC
9 4 (0.21%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.21%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (4.93%) QA
2 23 (1.21%) GDPR
3 18 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.58%) WCAG
5 6 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
5 6 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.31%) NIST
6 5 (0.26%) SLA
7 4 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 4 (0.21%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.10%) GRC
8 2 (0.10%) NCSC
9 1 (0.052%) COBIT
9 1 (0.052%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.052%) GLBA
9 1 (0.052%) GxP
9 1 (0.052%) MiFID
9 1 (0.052%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.052%) PMO
9 1 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 478 (25.05%) Docker
2 52 (2.73%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.26%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.16%) GlusterFS
5 3 (0.16%) LXC
5 3 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.16%) vSphere
6 2 (0.10%) Postfix
7 1 (0.052%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.052%) HDFS
7 1 (0.052%) IAG
7 1 (0.052%) Varnish
7 1 (0.052%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.052%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 399 (20.91%) Kubernetes
2 361 (18.92%) Terraform
3 124 (6.50%) Ansible
4 46 (2.41%) Puppet
5 39 (2.04%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (1.47%) Single Sign-On
7 24 (1.26%) Packer
8 15 (0.79%) Grafana
8 15 (0.79%) Kibana
9 13 (0.68%) CloudHub
10 11 (0.58%) Prometheus
11 10 (0.52%) Red Hat Satellite
12 8 (0.42%) HP ALM
13 6 (0.31%) Istio
13 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
14 5 (0.26%) Argo
14 5 (0.26%) Red Hat Spacewalk
15 4 (0.21%) SCCM
16 3 (0.16%) Nagios
16 3 (0.16%) yum
Vendors
1 236 (12.37%) Microsoft
2 208 (10.90%) Oracle
3 78 (4.09%) Salesforce.com
4 75 (3.93%) SAP
5 63 (3.30%) ServiceNow
6 60 (3.14%) Google
6 60 (3.14%) MuleSoft
7 55 (2.88%) IBM
8 45 (2.36%) Red Hat
9 30 (1.57%) Atlassian
9 30 (1.57%) VMware
10 28 (1.47%) Splunk
11 27 (1.42%) Bloomberg
12 21 (1.10%) Informatica
13 20 (1.05%) Sybase
14 19 (1.00%) F5
15 17 (0.89%) Dell
16 15 (0.79%) hybris
17 13 (0.68%) Cisco
18 12 (0.63%) Hortonworks