Period
to 23 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 23 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 54 47
Rank change year-on-year +2 -7 -6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,695 2,938 4,744
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.04% 4.06% 4.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.27% 13.49% 13.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,602 1,898 3,264
Median daily rate £525 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +3.78%
10th Percentile £353 £360 £338
90th Percentile £713 £675 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £465 £450
% change year-on-year -8.60% +3.33% +6.51%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 35 51
Median hourly rate £40.00 £52.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.81% +16.67% -
10th Percentile £22.10 £21.90 £26.65
90th Percentile £55.00 £82.50 £62.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.25 £52.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -34.76% +16.67% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,775 21,776 34,075
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.45% 30.06% 34.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,968 15,284 24,288
Median daily rate £480 £493 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.59% +2.66% +3.78%
10th Percentile £315 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 153 199 271
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +10.76% +5.14%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.21 £17.25
90th Percentile £63.65 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.52
% change year-on-year - +8.39% +3.79%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 1,485 £525 +2.44% 561
London +13 1,039 £550 - 216
Work from Home -1 499 £525 -4.55% 117
UK excluding London -27 452 £425 -8.60% 382
South East -28 106 £413 -11.29% 83
North of England -17 99 £425 -5.56% 100
Midlands -8 79 £368 -22.63% 66
South West -9 59 £475 -3.55% 51
North West -20 54 £428 -4.89% 57
Scotland -5 53 £425 -5.56% 31
West Midlands -16 50 £400 -15.79% 41
East of England +6 48 £475 - 42
Yorkshire -11 35 £400 -20.00% 31
East Midlands -1 21 £350 -11.11% 24
North East +1 10 £475 +11.76% 12
Wales +5 5 £500 +2.04% 8
Northern Ireland +7 3 £424 -1.62% 2

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 924 (54.51%) Agile Software Development
2 852 (50.27%) AWS
3 820 (48.38%) Java
4 691 (40.77%) JavaScript
5 621 (36.64%) Finance
6 565 (33.33%) Python
7 561 (33.10%) Software Engineering
8 496 (29.26%) Azure
9 433 (25.55%) Asset Management
10 406 (23.95%) React
11 400 (23.60%) SQL
12 387 (22.83%) Docker
13 373 (22.01%) Front Office
14 356 (21.00%) AngularJS
15 344 (20.29%) REST
16 339 (20.00%) Serverless
17 334 (19.71%) DevOps
18 332 (19.59%) Microservices
19 322 (19.00%) Kubernetes
20 304 (17.94%) Investment Management
21 285 (16.81%) .NET
22 281 (16.58%) SOAP
23 271 (15.99%) Node.js
24 265 (15.63%) Jenkins
25 263 (15.52%) GCP
26 256 (15.10%) AWS Lambda
26 256 (15.10%) XML
27 255 (15.04%) Terraform
28 254 (14.99%) Fixed Income
29 247 (14.57%) RESTful

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 130 (7.67%) Apache
2 77 (4.54%) Mule
3 75 (4.42%) Confluence
4 73 (4.31%) Red Hat Fuse
5 60 (3.54%) Apache Spark
6 53 (3.13%) JBoss
6 53 (3.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 40 (2.36%) WebSphere
8 32 (1.89%) CMS
9 27 (1.59%) IIS
10 26 (1.53%) WebLogic
11 25 (1.47%) SharePoint
12 23 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
13 22 (1.30%) Tomcat
14 20 (1.18%) BizTalk Server
15 18 (1.06%) Anypoint
16 16 (0.94%) Appian
17 14 (0.83%) nginx
17 14 (0.83%) Oracle Service Bus
18 11 (0.65%) Jadu
Applications
1 10 (0.59%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
4 3 (0.18%) Sketch
5 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.059%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.77%) Magento
3 6 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
3 6 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
3 6 (0.35%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.18%) Elite 3E
5 3 (0.18%) Maximo
5 3 (0.18%) Minerva
5 3 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.18%) SAP SD
5 3 (0.18%) SAP TEM
6 2 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.12%) Siebel CRM
6 2 (0.12%) StreamServe
7 1 (0.059%) SAP VC
Cloud Services
1 852 (50.27%) AWS
2 496 (29.26%) Azure
3 339 (20.00%) Serverless
4 263 (15.52%) GCP
5 256 (15.10%) AWS Lambda
6 182 (10.74%) Amazon S3
7 122 (7.20%) Amazon EC2
8 98 (5.78%) Amazon ECS
9 97 (5.72%) Amazon SQS
10 66 (3.89%) AWS Step Functions
11 55 (3.24%) Apigee
12 54 (3.19%) Power Platform
13 52 (3.07%) GitHub
14 51 (3.01%) PaaS
15 40 (2.36%) AWS CloudFormation
16 38 (2.24%) OpenShift
17 35 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
18 33 (1.95%) IaaS
19 32 (1.89%) Amazon EKS
20 27 (1.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 105 (6.19%) HTTP
2 26 (1.53%) TCP/IP
3 21 (1.24%) Internet
4 19 (1.12%) Firewall
5 17 (1.00%) Network Security
6 13 (0.77%) DNS
7 11 (0.65%) Ethernet
7 11 (0.65%) SSL
8 10 (0.59%) CTI
8 10 (0.59%) Softphone
9 8 (0.47%) FTP
9 8 (0.47%) Wireless
10 6 (0.35%) HTTPS
10 6 (0.35%) SMTP
10 6 (0.35%) SSH
11 5 (0.29%) Broadband
11 5 (0.29%) Intranet
11 5 (0.29%) Remote Desktop
11 5 (0.29%) WAN
12 4 (0.24%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (12.86%) SQL Server
2 162 (9.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 157 (9.26%) MySQL
4 123 (7.26%) Relational Database
5 120 (7.08%) PostgreSQL
6 114 (6.73%) Amazon RDS
7 96 (5.66%) NoSQL
8 58 (3.42%) Apache Ignite
9 52 (3.07%) Amazon Redshift
9 52 (3.07%) MongoDB
10 48 (2.83%) Big Data
11 45 (2.65%) Data Warehouse
12 39 (2.30%) Power BI
13 36 (2.12%) RDBMS
14 34 (2.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 28 (1.65%) Oracle Database
16 20 (1.18%) Hadoop
16 20 (1.18%) Oracle Reports
17 18 (1.06%) Apache Cassandra
17 18 (1.06%) Redis
Development Applications
1 265 (15.63%) Jenkins
2 234 (13.81%) Git (software)
3 138 (8.14%) JIRA
4 103 (6.08%) Maven
5 93 (5.49%) GitLab
6 80 (4.72%) JUnit
7 71 (4.19%) Selenium
8 67 (3.95%) Cucumber
9 56 (3.30%) Artifactory
10 43 (2.54%) Gradle
11 42 (2.48%) Visual Studio
12 41 (2.42%) Subversion
13 33 (1.95%) JMeter
14 32 (1.89%) Mockito
15 31 (1.83%) Team Foundation Server
16 30 (1.77%) SonarQube
17 28 (1.65%) NetBeans
18 27 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 27 (1.59%) SoapUI
19 26 (1.53%) TeamCity
General
1 621 (36.64%) Finance
2 373 (22.01%) Front Office
3 203 (11.98%) Banking
4 142 (8.38%) Public Sector
5 111 (6.55%) Investment Banking
6 75 (4.42%) Marketing
7 53 (3.13%) Telecoms
8 44 (2.60%) Manufacturing
9 43 (2.54%) Electronics
10 30 (1.77%) Retail
11 25 (1.47%) Law
12 15 (0.88%) Back Office
13 13 (0.77%) Local Government
14 12 (0.71%) Aerospace
15 11 (0.65%) Games
15 11 (0.65%) Military
15 11 (0.65%) Multimedia
16 6 (0.35%) Billing
16 6 (0.35%) Legal
16 6 (0.35%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,009 (59.53%) Developer
2 293 (17.29%) Software Engineer
3 246 (14.51%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 239 (14.10%) Java Developer
5 195 (11.50%) React Developer
6 175 (10.32%) Architect
7 162 (9.56%) JavaScript Developer
8 144 (8.50%) Python Developer
9 143 (8.44%) AWS Developer
10 134 (7.91%) AWS Engineer
11 130 (7.67%) Senior Developer
12 106 (6.25%) Python Engineer
13 84 (4.96%) DevOps Engineer
14 82 (4.84%) Java Engineer
15 80 (4.72%) Python Software Engineer
16 79 (4.66%) Full Stack Developer
17 77 (4.54%) Senior Java Developer
18 71 (4.19%) JavaScript Engineer
19 65 (3.83%) .NET Developer
20 64 (3.78%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 406 (23.95%) React
2 356 (21.00%) AngularJS
3 344 (20.29%) REST
4 285 (16.81%) .NET
5 281 (16.58%) SOAP
6 271 (15.99%) Node.js
7 256 (15.10%) XML
8 247 (14.57%) RESTful
9 238 (14.04%) HTML
10 224 (13.22%) Spring
11 203 (11.98%) CSS
11 203 (11.98%) JSON
12 168 (9.91%) Vue.js
13 122 (7.20%) Middleware
14 108 (6.37%) Spring Boot
15 106 (6.25%) HTML5
16 85 (5.01%) Apache Camel
17 82 (4.84%) gRPC
18 77 (4.54%) J2EE
19 70 (4.13%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 254 (14.99%) Fixed Income
2 244 (14.40%) Derivative
3 225 (13.27%) Equities
4 178 (10.50%) Hedge funds
5 155 (9.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 99 (5.84%) User Experience
7 98 (5.78%) Analytical Skills
8 89 (5.25%) Blog
9 78 (4.60%) Greenfield Project
10 43 (2.54%) Enterprise Software
11 40 (2.36%) Data Structures
12 37 (2.18%) Mobile App
13 33 (1.95%) Credit Derivative
14 29 (1.71%) Public Cloud
15 27 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
16 24 (1.42%) Algorithms
16 24 (1.42%) Cloud Native
17 22 (1.30%) Management Information System
18 19 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
19 18 (1.06%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 192 (11.33%) Linux
2 106 (6.25%) Windows
3 78 (4.60%) Unix
4 32 (1.89%) Apple iOS
5 31 (1.83%) Android
6 21 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 20 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.71%) CentOS
9 9 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.41%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.29%) AIX
11 5 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
11 5 (0.29%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.12%) Solaris
12 2 (0.12%) tvOS
13 1 (0.059%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.059%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 924 (54.51%) Agile Software Development
2 561 (33.10%) Software Engineering
3 433 (25.55%) Asset Management
4 334 (19.71%) DevOps
5 332 (19.59%) Microservices
6 304 (17.94%) Investment Management
7 212 (12.51%) Scrum
8 208 (12.27%) TDD
9 165 (9.73%) Open Source
10 159 (9.38%) Test Automation
11 150 (8.85%) SOA
12 136 (8.02%) BDD
13 128 (7.55%) Continuous Integration
14 111 (6.55%) Migration
14 111 (6.55%) SDLC
15 105 (6.19%) Analytics
16 103 (6.08%) OO
17 100 (5.90%) Problem-Solving
18 95 (5.60%) MVC
19 90 (5.31%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 820 (48.38%) Java
2 691 (40.77%) JavaScript
3 565 (33.33%) Python
4 400 (23.60%) SQL
5 215 (12.68%) C#
6 169 (9.97%) Kotlin
7 164 (9.68%) TypeScript
8 63 (3.72%) Bash Shell
9 62 (3.66%) Java 8
10 61 (3.60%) C++
11 59 (3.48%) R
12 58 (3.42%) Scala
13 50 (2.95%) PHP
14 40 (2.36%) C
15 39 (2.30%) T-SQL
16 38 (2.24%) PowerShell
17 37 (2.18%) Apex Code
17 37 (2.18%) PL/SQL
18 36 (2.12%) XPath
19 30 (1.77%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 144 (8.50%) Security Cleared
2 136 (8.02%) SC Cleared
3 111 (6.55%) Degree
4 26 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (0.94%) ISTQB
6 15 (0.88%) ISEB
7 12 (0.71%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.65%) Sun Certification
9 10 (0.59%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 8 (0.47%) CCA
11 7 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (0.41%) CISSP
12 6 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.29%) CCIE
13 5 (0.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 4 (0.24%) CCNA
14 4 (0.24%) CISM
14 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.18%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (4.42%) QA
2 27 (1.59%) GDPR
3 24 (1.42%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.47%) SLA
5 6 (0.35%) NCSC
5 6 (0.35%) NIST
6 4 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
7 3 (0.18%) GxP
7 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.059%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.059%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.059%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.059%) PMO
System Software
1 387 (22.83%) Docker
2 31 (1.83%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.29%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.24%) NDS
6 4 (0.24%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 3 (0.18%) GlusterFS
7 3 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.18%) LXC
7 3 (0.18%) Postfix
8 2 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.12%) etcd
8 2 (0.12%) Varnish
8 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.12%) vSphere
9 1 (0.059%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.059%) UAG
9 1 (0.059%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 322 (19.00%) Kubernetes
2 255 (15.04%) Terraform
3 98 (5.78%) Ansible
4 38 (2.24%) Puppet
5 28 (1.65%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.47%) Packer
7 17 (1.00%) Kibana
7 17 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.77%) Grafana
9 10 (0.59%) Prometheus
10 7 (0.41%) CloudHub
11 6 (0.35%) Consul
11 6 (0.35%) SCOM
11 6 (0.35%) vCenter Server
12 4 (0.24%) HAProxy
12 4 (0.24%) Istio
12 4 (0.24%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 4 (0.24%) Red Hat Satellite
13 3 (0.18%) logstash
13 3 (0.18%) vRealize
Vendors
1 215 (12.68%) Oracle
2 175 (10.32%) Microsoft
3 127 (7.49%) Google
4 71 (4.19%) Salesforce.com
5 70 (4.13%) SAP
6 50 (2.95%) MuleSoft
7 40 (2.36%) Red Hat
8 39 (2.30%) ServiceNow
9 36 (2.12%) Bloomberg
9 36 (2.12%) IBM
10 33 (1.95%) Atlassian
11 29 (1.71%) Sybase
12 26 (1.53%) VMware
13 23 (1.36%) Informatica
14 19 (1.12%) Splunk
15 18 (1.06%) TIBCO
16 17 (1.00%) Dell
17 16 (0.94%) Hortonworks
17 16 (0.94%) webMethods
18 15 (0.88%) Murex