Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 45 41 35
Rank change year-on-year -4 -6 +2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,955 5,068 5,297
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.84% 5.10% 4.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.88% 15.81% 16.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,371 3,502 3,738
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £340 £319 £310
90th Percentile £615 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £443 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +7.39% +3.13% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 60 65
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.94% -5.81% +7.50%
10th Percentile £23.67 £21.25 £26.95
90th Percentile £85.38 £50.00 £58.59
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.80% -1.76% +6.25%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,697 32,051 32,360
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.88% 32.26% 30.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,137 22,497 22,469
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 365 381
UK median hourly rate £41.57 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.93% +6.67% +0.13%
10th Percentile £15.60 £18.20 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.13 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £40.31 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.34% +11.96% -4.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 4,572 £485 +7.78% 1,381
UK excluding London -3 2,678 £443 +7.39% 997
London -11 2,222 £525 +5.00% 486
South East -10 802 £450 +12.50% 244
North of England +5 541 £413 -2.94% 258
Midlands +13 437 £409 +2.19% 171
East of England +27 396 £525 +16.67% 116
North West -1 293 £410 -3.53% 149
West Midlands +16 272 £425 - 103
Scotland -17 218 £450 +9.09% 78
Yorkshire +10 183 £425 - 88
South West -37 172 £450 +12.50% 107
East Midlands +18 163 £400 +6.67% 68
Wales -17 98 £430 -4.44% 14
North East +10 65 £413 -10.81% 21
Northern Ireland -8 24 £412 -0.12% 9
Isle of Man - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,636 (53.20%) Agile Software Development
2 2,232 (45.05%) Java
3 1,530 (30.88%) Amazon AWS
4 1,391 (28.07%) JavaScript
5 1,282 (25.87%) TDD
6 1,271 (25.65%) REST
7 1,230 (24.82%) SQL
8 1,121 (22.62%) SOAP
9 1,069 (21.57%) RESTful
10 996 (20.10%) .NET
11 973 (19.64%) Scrum
12 955 (19.27%) HTML
13 951 (19.19%) Jenkins
14 949 (19.15%) Git (software)
15 936 (18.89%) Spring
16 934 (18.85%) C#
17 909 (18.35%) DevOps
18 900 (18.16%) Finance
19 899 (18.14%) Continuous Integration
20 845 (17.05%) XML
21 827 (16.69%) CSS
22 795 (16.04%) Microservices
23 784 (15.82%) Test Automation
24 751 (15.16%) Linux
25 713 (14.39%) Docker
26 708 (14.29%) Oracle
27 699 (14.11%) SQL Server
28 687 (13.86%) BDD
29 684 (13.80%) MVC
30 639 (12.90%) AngularJS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 245 (4.94%) Confluence
2 165 (3.33%) Tomcat
3 152 (3.07%) Apache
4 147 (2.97%) JBoss
5 144 (2.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 140 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
7 133 (2.68%) WebSphere
8 130 (2.62%) Mule
9 125 (2.52%) IIS
10 114 (2.30%) CMS
11 89 (1.80%) SharePoint
12 79 (1.59%) Oracle Service Bus
13 78 (1.57%) WebLogic
14 61 (1.23%) MQSeries
15 44 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
16 42 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 40 (0.81%) Apache Solr
18 39 (0.79%) Apache Spark
19 34 (0.69%) Drupal
20 29 (0.59%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 38 (0.77%) MS Visio
2 32 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
4 20 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
5 12 (0.24%) Photoshop
6 11 (0.22%) GIMP
7 9 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 9 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.12%) InVision
9 2 (0.040%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.020%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.020%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.020%) Notepad++
10 1 (0.020%) SPSS
10 1 (0.020%) Stata
Business Applications
1 57 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.46%) Workday HCM
3 20 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
4 16 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
5 14 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
6 13 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
6 13 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
6 13 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
7 12 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
8 11 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
8 11 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
9 10 (0.20%) Magento
10 7 (0.14%) Remedy AR System
11 6 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
12 5 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
13 4 (0.081%) BusinessWorks
13 4 (0.081%) Dynamics AX
13 4 (0.081%) Visualfiles
14 3 (0.061%) SAP FI
14 3 (0.061%) SAP MII
Cloud Services
1 1,530 (30.88%) Amazon AWS
2 526 (10.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 265 (5.35%) Amazon EC2
4 169 (3.41%) Amazon S3
5 153 (3.09%) Serverless
6 144 (2.91%) SaaS
7 121 (2.44%) AWS CloudFormation
8 113 (2.28%) Google Cloud Platform
9 107 (2.16%) AWS Lambda
10 105 (2.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 95 (1.92%) GitHub
12 91 (1.84%) PaaS
13 71 (1.43%) IaaS
14 64 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
15 61 (1.23%) Office 365
16 59 (1.19%) Amazon EMR
17 58 (1.17%) OpenShift
18 39 (0.79%) Route 53
19 38 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 35 (0.71%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 139 (2.81%) HTTP
2 117 (2.36%) TCP/IP
3 113 (2.28%) Firewall
4 101 (2.04%) Internet
5 74 (1.49%) DNS
6 54 (1.09%) SSL
7 48 (0.97%) VPN
8 34 (0.69%) SAN
9 33 (0.67%) LAN
10 32 (0.65%) WAN
11 30 (0.61%) Ethernet
11 30 (0.61%) FTP
12 28 (0.57%) Network Security
13 22 (0.44%) SSH
14 21 (0.42%) Reverse Proxy
15 20 (0.40%) DMZ
16 18 (0.36%) DHCP
17 16 (0.32%) AMQP
18 15 (0.30%) Kerberos
18 15 (0.30%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 699 (14.11%) SQL Server
2 421 (8.50%) Relational Database
3 406 (8.19%) NoSQL
4 332 (6.70%) MongoDB
5 301 (6.07%) MySQL
6 221 (4.46%) PostgreSQL
7 178 (3.59%) Oracle Database
8 154 (3.11%) Hadoop
9 153 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
10 145 (2.93%) Data Warehouse
11 128 (2.58%) Big Data
12 113 (2.28%) RDBMS
13 102 (2.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 82 (1.65%) Amazon RDS
15 78 (1.57%) DB2
16 76 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 75 (1.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 74 (1.49%) Redis
19 71 (1.43%) Amazon Redshift
20 64 (1.29%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 951 (19.19%) Jenkins
2 949 (19.15%) Git (software)
3 548 (11.06%) Maven
4 523 (10.55%) JIRA
5 402 (8.11%) Selenium
6 360 (7.27%) JUnit
7 220 (4.44%) SoapUI
8 214 (4.32%) Cucumber
9 213 (4.30%) Visual Studio
10 211 (4.26%) Subversion
11 191 (3.85%) TeamCity
12 178 (3.59%) Eclipse
13 169 (3.41%) Mockito
14 152 (3.07%) Team Foundation Server
15 150 (3.03%) Gradle
16 111 (2.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 106 (2.14%) SonarQube
18 104 (2.10%) JMeter
19 101 (2.04%) Ant
19 101 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 900 (18.16%) Finance
2 411 (8.29%) Banking
3 192 (3.87%) Marketing
4 188 (3.79%) Retail
5 163 (3.29%) Telecoms
6 146 (2.95%) Manufacturing
7 143 (2.89%) Front Office
8 121 (2.44%) Electronics
9 87 (1.76%) Games
10 78 (1.57%) Investment Banking
11 60 (1.21%) Publishing
12 59 (1.19%) Back Office
13 48 (0.97%) Legal
14 42 (0.85%) Financial Institution
15 30 (0.61%) Law
16 26 (0.52%) Advertising
16 26 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
17 24 (0.48%) Aerospace
18 23 (0.46%) Military
19 22 (0.44%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,788 (56.27%) Developer
2 1,010 (20.38%) Java Developer
3 500 (10.09%) Architect
4 485 (9.79%) .NET Developer
5 381 (7.69%) Senior Developer
6 304 (6.14%) DevOps Engineer
7 299 (6.03%) C# Developer
8 257 (5.19%) Analyst
9 214 (4.32%) AWS Engineer
10 190 (3.83%) Senior Java Developer
11 184 (3.71%) C# .NET Developer
12 180 (3.63%) Software Engineer
13 177 (3.57%) Full Stack Developer
14 175 (3.53%) Consultant
15 166 (3.35%) Solutions Architect
16 143 (2.89%) Lead Developer
17 141 (2.85%) AWS DevOps
18 127 (2.56%) AWS Developer
18 127 (2.56%) Software Developer
18 127 (2.56%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,271 (25.65%) REST
2 1,121 (22.62%) SOAP
3 1,069 (21.57%) RESTful
4 996 (20.10%) .NET
5 955 (19.27%) HTML
6 936 (18.89%) Spring
7 845 (17.05%) XML
8 827 (16.69%) CSS
9 639 (12.90%) AngularJS
10 638 (12.88%) JSON
11 445 (8.98%) Spring Boot
12 439 (8.86%) ASP.NET
13 404 (8.15%) Hibernate
14 398 (8.03%) jQuery
15 378 (7.63%) J2EE
16 367 (7.41%) HTML5
17 364 (7.35%) Node.js
18 328 (6.62%) React
19 296 (5.97%) Middleware
20 277 (5.59%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 348 (7.02%) Greenfield Project
2 291 (5.87%) Analytical Skills
3 216 (4.36%) User Experience
4 170 (3.43%) Mobile App
5 158 (3.19%) Computer Science
6 153 (3.09%) Enterprise Software
7 97 (1.96%) Public Cloud
8 88 (1.78%) Fintech
9 80 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
10 78 (1.57%) Fixed Income
11 63 (1.27%) Data Centre
12 60 (1.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 56 (1.13%) Data Structures
14 52 (1.05%) Equities
15 50 (1.01%) Management Information System
16 49 (0.99%) Algorithms
17 48 (0.97%) Replication
18 41 (0.83%) NHS
19 37 (0.75%) Derivative
20 36 (0.73%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 751 (15.16%) Linux
2 426 (8.60%) Windows
3 316 (6.38%) Unix
4 140 (2.83%) Windows Server
5 128 (2.58%) Apple iOS
6 121 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 118 (2.38%) Android
8 55 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
9 37 (0.75%) CentOS
9 37 (0.75%) Solaris
10 35 (0.71%) Windows 10
11 29 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
12 25 (0.50%) AIX
12 25 (0.50%) Mac OS
13 20 (0.40%) Ubuntu
14 18 (0.36%) Mac OS X
15 13 (0.26%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.22%) SUSE
16 11 (0.22%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,636 (53.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1,282 (25.87%) TDD
3 973 (19.64%) Scrum
4 909 (18.35%) DevOps
5 899 (18.14%) Continuous Integration
6 795 (16.04%) Microservices
7 784 (15.82%) Test Automation
8 687 (13.86%) BDD
9 684 (13.80%) MVC
10 522 (10.53%) Software Engineering
11 493 (9.95%) SOA
12 430 (8.68%) Open Source
13 405 (8.17%) Kanban
14 388 (7.83%) Unit Testing
15 372 (7.51%) SDLC
16 349 (7.04%) Problem-Solving
17 348 (7.02%) OO
18 315 (6.36%) E-Commerce
19 288 (5.81%) Migration
20 271 (5.47%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2,232 (45.05%) Java
2 1,391 (28.07%) JavaScript
3 1,230 (24.82%) SQL
4 934 (18.85%) C#
5 593 (11.97%) Python
6 508 (10.25%) Java 8
7 243 (4.90%) Scala
8 202 (4.08%) Groovy
9 181 (3.65%) Ruby
10 177 (3.57%) PL/SQL
11 167 (3.37%) T-SQL
12 162 (3.27%) C++
13 158 (3.19%) PHP
14 150 (3.03%) PowerShell
15 142 (2.87%) Bash Shell
16 83 (1.68%) Perl
17 81 (1.63%) C
18 79 (1.59%) XPath
19 75 (1.51%) Apple Swift
19 75 (1.51%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 392 (7.91%) Security Cleared
2 301 (6.07%) SC Cleared
3 289 (5.83%) Degree
4 74 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 66 (1.33%) AWS Certification
6 61 (1.23%) ISTQB
7 59 (1.19%) DV Cleared
8 54 (1.09%) ISEB
9 38 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
10 32 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 24 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
12 23 (0.46%) CISSP
12 23 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
13 21 (0.42%) CISM
14 16 (0.32%) Master's Degree
15 12 (0.24%) CISA
15 12 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
16 10 (0.20%) DBS Check
16 10 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
17 9 (0.18%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (5.93%) QA
2 46 (0.93%) GDPR
3 38 (0.77%) PMO
4 36 (0.73%) SLA
5 24 (0.48%) PCI DSS
6 22 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 17 (0.34%) Data Quality
8 11 (0.22%) WCAG
9 10 (0.20%) HL7
9 10 (0.20%) HMG Infosec
9 10 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 10 (0.20%) JSP 440
10 9 (0.18%) PSD2
11 8 (0.16%) ISO 9001
11 8 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 7 (0.14%) FedRAMP
12 7 (0.14%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.10%) IFRS
13 5 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 4 (0.081%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 713 (14.39%) Docker
2 148 (2.99%) Active Directory
3 104 (2.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 80 (1.61%) vSphere
5 21 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
6 18 (0.36%) XenApp
7 17 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 14 (0.28%) VirtualBox
9 12 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
10 10 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
11 9 (0.18%) Hyper-V
12 8 (0.16%) LXC
12 8 (0.16%) vCloud
12 8 (0.16%) XenDesktop
13 7 (0.14%) etcd
13 7 (0.14%) NFS
13 7 (0.14%) OpenAM
14 5 (0.10%) HDFS
14 5 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
14 5 (0.10%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 343 (6.92%) Ansible
2 339 (6.84%) Terraform
3 278 (5.61%) Kubernetes
4 231 (4.66%) Puppet
5 210 (4.24%) Opscode Chef
6 51 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
7 50 (1.01%) Mesos
8 47 (0.95%) Packer
9 45 (0.91%) logstash
10 44 (0.89%) Kibana
11 43 (0.87%) SCCM
12 22 (0.44%) Prometheus
13 19 (0.38%) Salt
14 17 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
15 15 (0.30%) Consul
15 15 (0.30%) HP ALM
15 15 (0.30%) SCOM
16 12 (0.24%) Grafana
16 12 (0.24%) Marathon
16 12 (0.24%) Opsview
Vendors
1 708 (14.29%) Oracle
2 567 (11.44%) Microsoft
3 201 (4.06%) SAP
4 186 (3.75%) Google
5 149 (3.01%) VMware
6 136 (2.74%) IBM
7 101 (2.04%) Atlassian
7 101 (2.04%) Salesforce.com
8 95 (1.92%) Splunk
9 85 (1.72%) ServiceNow
10 79 (1.59%) Red Hat
11 71 (1.43%) WSO2
12 60 (1.21%) Sitecore
13 58 (1.17%) Adobe
14 50 (1.01%) MuleSoft
15 47 (0.95%) Sybase
16 46 (0.93%) Informatica
17 45 (0.91%) Citrix
17 45 (0.91%) Zend
18 43 (0.87%) TIBCO