Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 43 35
Rank change year-on-year 0 -8 +5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 5,084 4,610 5,248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.91% 4.84% 4.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.49% 15.02% 16.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,485 3,075 3,772
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +8.75%
10th Percentile £334 £313 £310
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £409 £400
% change year-on-year +5.20% +2.19% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 59 50
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £45.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% +14.58%
10th Percentile £20.45 £22.25 £24.73
90th Percentile £73.44 £58.34 £57.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.30% +8.75% +10.73%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,082 30,700 31,594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.91% 32.24% 28.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,687 21,212 22,084
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £318 £306 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 370 385 401
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.26 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.84% +7.36% +3.81%
10th Percentile £15.00 £15.02 £13.25
90th Percentile £57.63 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.03% +10.00% +1.35%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 4,698 £475 +5.56% 1,336
UK excluding London -2 2,702 £430 +5.20% 986
London -3 2,310 £500 +5.26% 456
South East -6 923 £450 +11.11% 232
North of England -3 581 £413 -2.94% 278
Midlands +6 370 £425 +6.25% 146
North West +2 340 £413 -2.94% 165
East of England +23 321 £513 +22.02% 129
West Midlands +17 237 £450 +1.41% 79
Scotland -16 210 £438 +16.67% 60
Yorkshire -13 191 £419 +1.52% 95
South West -13 187 £425 +6.25% 95
East Midlands +1 131 £395 +5.33% 67
Wales -7 89 £400 -15.79% 32
North East -14 51 £400 -5.88% 18
Northern Ireland -10 26 £431 +4.48% 13

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,694 (52.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,268 (44.61%) Java
3 1,497 (29.45%) JavaScript
4 1,361 (26.77%) Amazon AWS
5 1,354 (26.63%) REST
6 1,271 (25.00%) TDD
7 1,218 (23.96%) RESTful
8 1,167 (22.95%) SOAP
9 1,135 (22.32%) SQL
10 1,095 (21.54%) HTML
11 1,091 (21.46%) Git (software)
12 1,072 (21.09%) .NET
13 1,030 (20.26%) Scrum
14 976 (19.20%) Jenkins
15 973 (19.14%) C#
16 969 (19.06%) Continuous Integration
17 960 (18.88%) CSS
18 930 (18.29%) Spring
19 925 (18.19%) XML
20 891 (17.53%) Finance
21 861 (16.94%) Oracle
22 858 (16.88%) Linux
23 851 (16.74%) DevOps
24 806 (15.85%) Test Automation
25 789 (15.52%) SQL Server
26 717 (14.10%) JSON
27 689 (13.55%) Microservices
28 685 (13.47%) MVC
29 682 (13.41%) BDD
30 629 (12.37%) Microsoft Azure

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 261 (5.13%) Confluence
2 209 (4.11%) WebSphere
3 207 (4.07%) Tomcat
4 190 (3.74%) Apache
5 189 (3.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 143 (2.81%) CMS
7 136 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
8 119 (2.34%) JBoss
9 115 (2.26%) Mule
10 105 (2.07%) IIS
11 97 (1.91%) WebLogic
12 92 (1.81%) SharePoint
13 84 (1.65%) Oracle Service Bus
14 63 (1.24%) WebSphere Application Server
15 58 (1.14%) Apache Spark
16 41 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
17 39 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 39 (0.77%) BizTalk Server
18 37 (0.73%) WordPress
19 35 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 57 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (1.02%) Microsoft Excel
3 38 (0.75%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.45%) Photoshop
5 15 (0.30%) GIMP
6 14 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
7 10 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 7 (0.14%) InVision
8 7 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
9 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.098%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 4 (0.079%) HipChat
12 3 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.039%) UXPin
14 1 (0.020%) EngageOne
14 1 (0.020%) Final Cut Pro
14 1 (0.020%) Notepad++
14 1 (0.020%) SPSS
14 1 (0.020%) Stata
Business Applications
1 53 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 28 (0.55%) Magento
3 24 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 23 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
5 20 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
6 18 (0.35%) Oracle General Ledger
7 17 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
7 17 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
7 17 (0.33%) Workday HCM
8 14 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
8 14 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
9 11 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
9 11 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
10 10 (0.20%) Elite 3E
11 7 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
12 6 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
13 5 (0.098%) BusinessWorks
13 5 (0.098%) Remedy AR System
14 4 (0.079%) Global One
14 4 (0.079%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,361 (26.77%) Amazon AWS
2 629 (12.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 181 (3.56%) Amazon EC2
4 165 (3.25%) Serverless
5 116 (2.28%) SaaS
6 111 (2.18%) PaaS
7 95 (1.87%) Amazon S3
8 92 (1.81%) AWS Lambda
8 92 (1.81%) GitHub
9 83 (1.63%) AWS CloudFormation
9 83 (1.63%) Google Cloud Platform
10 78 (1.53%) IaaS
11 71 (1.40%) Office 365
11 71 (1.40%) OpenShift
12 70 (1.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 59 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
14 41 (0.81%) npm
15 34 (0.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 32 (0.63%) Amazon ELB
17 31 (0.61%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 225 (4.43%) HTTP
2 113 (2.22%) TCP/IP
3 100 (1.97%) Internet
4 79 (1.55%) DNS
5 76 (1.49%) Firewall
6 59 (1.16%) SSL
7 49 (0.96%) FTP
8 38 (0.75%) VPN
9 34 (0.67%) SAN
10 27 (0.53%) PuTTY
10 27 (0.53%) WinSCP
11 26 (0.51%) DHCP
12 25 (0.49%) SMS
13 23 (0.45%) Ethernet
14 22 (0.43%) LAN
14 22 (0.43%) Network Security
15 21 (0.41%) Kerberos
16 20 (0.39%) WAN
17 18 (0.35%) Remote Desktop
18 17 (0.33%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 789 (15.52%) SQL Server
2 485 (9.54%) Relational Database
3 394 (7.75%) NoSQL
4 328 (6.45%) MySQL
5 288 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
6 271 (5.33%) MongoDB
7 236 (4.64%) Oracle Database
8 150 (2.95%) Big Data
9 131 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
10 125 (2.46%) Apache Cassandra
10 125 (2.46%) Hadoop
11 119 (2.34%) Redis
12 117 (2.30%) RDBMS
13 94 (1.85%) SQL Server 2012
14 80 (1.57%) Oracle Database 11g
15 79 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 78 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
17 69 (1.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 68 (1.34%) DB2
19 60 (1.18%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,091 (21.46%) Git (software)
2 976 (19.20%) Jenkins
3 515 (10.13%) JIRA
4 440 (8.65%) Maven
5 405 (7.97%) Selenium
6 332 (6.53%) JUnit
7 227 (4.46%) Subversion
8 203 (3.99%) Visual Studio
9 199 (3.91%) SoapUI
10 197 (3.87%) Cucumber
11 187 (3.68%) Eclipse
12 182 (3.58%) Team Foundation Server
13 175 (3.44%) TeamCity
14 172 (3.38%) Mockito
15 148 (2.91%) Gradle
16 123 (2.42%) Ant
17 109 (2.14%) SpecFlow
18 100 (1.97%) NUnit
19 97 (1.91%) Octopus Deploy
20 92 (1.81%) SonarQube
General
1 891 (17.53%) Finance
2 375 (7.38%) Banking
3 164 (3.23%) Retail
4 141 (2.77%) Telecoms
5 133 (2.62%) Marketing
6 109 (2.14%) Manufacturing
7 92 (1.81%) Electronics
8 73 (1.44%) Investment Banking
9 72 (1.42%) Games
10 66 (1.30%) Front Office
11 54 (1.06%) Legal
12 53 (1.04%) Financial Institution
13 52 (1.02%) Back Office
14 50 (0.98%) Publishing
15 46 (0.90%) Advertising
16 34 (0.67%) Law
17 27 (0.53%) Billing
18 15 (0.30%) Aerospace
18 15 (0.30%) General Ledger
18 15 (0.30%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,869 (56.43%) Developer
2 970 (19.08%) Java Developer
3 529 (10.41%) Architect
4 500 (9.83%) .NET Developer
5 371 (7.30%) Senior Developer
6 287 (5.65%) C# Developer
7 259 (5.09%) Analyst
8 258 (5.07%) DevOps Engineer
9 202 (3.97%) C# .NET Developer
10 193 (3.80%) Full Stack Developer
11 188 (3.70%) Solutions Architect
12 187 (3.68%) Consultant
13 175 (3.44%) Senior Java Developer
14 169 (3.32%) Python Developer
15 160 (3.15%) AWS Engineer
16 141 (2.77%) Java Engineer
17 135 (2.66%) Software Engineer
18 130 (2.56%) AWS Developer
18 130 (2.56%) AWS DevOps
19 125 (2.46%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,354 (26.63%) REST
2 1,218 (23.96%) RESTful
3 1,167 (22.95%) SOAP
4 1,095 (21.54%) HTML
5 1,072 (21.09%) .NET
6 960 (18.88%) CSS
7 930 (18.29%) Spring
8 925 (18.19%) XML
9 717 (14.10%) JSON
10 624 (12.27%) AngularJS
11 467 (9.19%) Node.js
12 462 (9.09%) ASP.NET
13 423 (8.32%) HTML5
14 417 (8.20%) J2EE
15 415 (8.16%) Hibernate
16 384 (7.55%) jQuery
17 370 (7.28%) Spring Boot
18 354 (6.96%) JMS
19 348 (6.85%) React
20 324 (6.37%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 290 (5.70%) Greenfield Project
2 265 (5.21%) User Experience
3 258 (5.07%) Analytical Skills
4 220 (4.33%) Enterprise Software
5 191 (3.76%) Mobile App
6 143 (2.81%) Computer Science
7 100 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
8 71 (1.40%) Public Cloud
9 68 (1.34%) Data Structures
10 64 (1.26%) Algorithms
10 64 (1.26%) Fintech
11 53 (1.04%) Management Information System
12 52 (1.02%) Data Centre
13 49 (0.96%) iPad
14 48 (0.94%) Client/Server
15 46 (0.90%) NHS
16 41 (0.81%) Hedge funds
17 37 (0.73%) DataPower
18 35 (0.69%) Virtual Team
19 34 (0.67%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 858 (16.88%) Linux
2 459 (9.03%) Windows
3 373 (7.34%) Unix
4 170 (3.34%) Android
5 161 (3.17%) Apple iOS
6 141 (2.77%) Windows Server
7 134 (2.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 79 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
9 44 (0.87%) Mac OS
10 42 (0.83%) CentOS
11 39 (0.77%) Solaris
12 38 (0.75%) Windows 10
13 21 (0.41%) AIX
14 20 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
15 19 (0.37%) Ubuntu
16 18 (0.35%) Mac OS X
17 16 (0.31%) Windows Embedded Compact
18 13 (0.26%) Windows 2000
18 13 (0.26%) Windows 7
19 11 (0.22%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,694 (52.99%) Agile Software Development
2 1,271 (25.00%) TDD
3 1,030 (20.26%) Scrum
4 969 (19.06%) Continuous Integration
5 851 (16.74%) DevOps
6 806 (15.85%) Test Automation
7 689 (13.55%) Microservices
8 685 (13.47%) MVC
9 682 (13.41%) BDD
10 609 (11.98%) SOA
11 454 (8.93%) Software Engineering
12 444 (8.73%) Unit Testing
13 430 (8.46%) OO
14 418 (8.22%) Web Development
15 404 (7.95%) Kanban
16 395 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
17 393 (7.73%) Open Source
18 390 (7.67%) SDLC
19 350 (6.88%) E-Commerce
20 260 (5.11%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 2,268 (44.61%) Java
2 1,497 (29.45%) JavaScript
3 1,135 (22.32%) SQL
4 973 (19.14%) C#
5 588 (11.57%) Python
6 432 (8.50%) Java 8
7 198 (3.89%) PL/SQL
8 193 (3.80%) Ruby
9 181 (3.56%) Groovy
9 181 (3.56%) PHP
10 171 (3.36%) Scala
11 157 (3.09%) T-SQL
12 134 (2.64%) Bash Shell
13 129 (2.54%) PowerShell
14 119 (2.34%) C++
15 118 (2.32%) XPath
16 110 (2.16%) Shell Script
17 105 (2.07%) C
18 104 (2.05%) ES6
19 87 (1.71%) Perl
Qualifications
1 395 (7.77%) Security Cleared
2 307 (6.04%) SC Cleared
3 283 (5.57%) Degree
4 86 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 62 (1.22%) DV Cleared
6 51 (1.00%) ISEB
7 42 (0.83%) ISTQB
8 41 (0.81%) AWS Certification
9 36 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
10 35 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 27 (0.53%) ISEB Practitioner
12 25 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
12 25 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
13 17 (0.33%) CISSP
14 16 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
14 16 (0.31%) Master's Degree
14 16 (0.31%) Siebel Certification
15 12 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 12 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
16 11 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 305 (6.00%) QA
2 57 (1.12%) GDPR
3 47 (0.92%) PMO
4 44 (0.87%) SLA
5 21 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 18 (0.35%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.26%) GCP
8 12 (0.24%) Data Quality
8 12 (0.24%) HL7
9 6 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 6 (0.12%) NIST 800
9 6 (0.12%) PSD2
9 6 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.12%) WAI
10 5 (0.098%) ISO 8583
10 5 (0.098%) WCAG
11 3 (0.059%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.020%) COBIT
13 1 (0.020%) DICOM
System Software
1 627 (12.33%) Docker
2 168 (3.30%) Active Directory
3 91 (1.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 61 (1.20%) vSphere
5 30 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
6 28 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 22 (0.43%) HDFS
8 20 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
8 20 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
9 17 (0.33%) Hyper-V
10 16 (0.31%) Apache Flume
11 10 (0.20%) Varnish
12 8 (0.16%) NFS
12 8 (0.16%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.14%) etcd
13 7 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
14 6 (0.12%) LXC
15 5 (0.098%) vCloud
15 5 (0.098%) Virtual Servers
15 5 (0.098%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 269 (5.29%) Ansible
2 248 (4.88%) Puppet
3 246 (4.84%) Terraform
4 228 (4.48%) Kubernetes
5 217 (4.27%) Opscode Chef
6 69 (1.36%) Single Sign-On
7 64 (1.26%) HP ALM
8 60 (1.18%) SCCM
9 42 (0.83%) Kibana
9 42 (0.83%) Mesos
10 35 (0.69%) Packer
11 34 (0.67%) logstash
12 28 (0.55%) Salt
13 23 (0.45%) CA Single Sign-On
13 23 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
13 23 (0.45%) Prometheus
14 19 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
15 18 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
16 17 (0.33%) Grafana
17 14 (0.28%) Consul
Vendors
1 861 (16.94%) Oracle
2 611 (12.02%) Microsoft
3 202 (3.97%) IBM
4 155 (3.05%) SAP
5 151 (2.97%) VMware
6 141 (2.77%) Google
7 119 (2.34%) Red Hat
8 117 (2.30%) Atlassian
9 109 (2.14%) Salesforce.com
10 79 (1.55%) Sitecore
11 77 (1.51%) HP
12 74 (1.46%) ServiceNow
13 61 (1.20%) Adobe
13 61 (1.20%) WSO2
14 52 (1.02%) Splunk
15 48 (0.94%) Cloudera
16 46 (0.90%) MuleSoft
17 42 (0.83%) TIBCO
18 37 (0.73%) hybris
19 36 (0.71%) Tableau