Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 53 49 43
Rank change year-on-year -4 -6 -5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,620 4,457 5,210
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.15% 4.61% 5.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.85% 13.98% 15.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,741 2,944 3,733
Median daily rate £525 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £342 £325
90th Percentile £700 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 62 44
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +4.65% -0.58%
10th Percentile £31.09 £26.65 £21.25
90th Percentile £57.09 £59.80 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year -24.32% +2.78% +4.65%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,923 31,882 32,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.00% 32.97% 32.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,849 22,507 23,142
Median daily rate £500 £485 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.65% +9.25%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £410
% change year-on-year +3.45% +6.10% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 300 336
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.52 £41.41
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.69% +0.25% +2.86%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £18.75
90th Percentile £69.50 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +5.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 2,444 £525 +5.00% 761
London +12 1,380 £550 +4.76% 288
UK excluding London -18 1,185 £475 +5.56% 552
South East 0 345 £465 +3.33% 141
North of England -26 249 £450 +5.26% 149
South West 0 216 £500 +11.11% 59
North West -27 129 £463 +8.82% 83
Midlands -33 125 £475 +2.70% 67
East of England -16 120 £500 +2.56% 57
West Midlands -17 99 £475 - 40
Scotland -36 96 £450 - 43
Yorkshire -4 81 £500 +11.11% 54
Work from Home 0 67 £550 +14.29% 52
North East -5 44 £425 -5.56% 12
Wales -6 34 £483 +13.53% 32
East Midlands -42 26 £375 -16.67% 27
Northern Ireland -10 4 £431 +4.61% 4
Channel Islands +2 1 £425 +3.03%

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,359 (51.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,087 (41.49%) Java
3 1,054 (40.23%) AWS
4 879 (33.55%) JavaScript
5 605 (23.09%) SQL
6 593 (22.63%) REST
7 587 (22.40%) Azure
8 570 (21.76%) DevOps
9 568 (21.68%) Finance
10 552 (21.07%) C#
11 550 (20.99%) Microservices
12 538 (20.53%) SOAP
13 524 (20.00%) Python
14 515 (19.66%) RESTful
15 510 (19.47%) Software Engineering
16 509 (19.43%) Git (software)
17 506 (19.31%) .NET
18 486 (18.55%) Scrum
19 451 (17.21%) XML
20 446 (17.02%) AngularJS
21 438 (16.72%) HTML
22 417 (15.92%) TDD
23 403 (15.38%) Security Cleared
24 394 (15.04%) Docker
25 385 (14.69%) SQL Server
26 382 (14.58%) Jenkins
27 379 (14.47%) CSS
28 370 (14.12%) Spring
29 348 (13.28%) Node.js
30 336 (12.82%) SC Cleared

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (4.54%) Confluence
2 80 (3.05%) Elasticsearch
3 76 (2.90%) Tomcat
4 63 (2.40%) Apache
5 56 (2.14%) CMS
6 55 (2.10%) SharePoint
7 54 (2.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 46 (1.76%) IIS
9 37 (1.41%) WebLogic
10 36 (1.37%) WebSphere
11 31 (1.18%) Apache Spark
12 29 (1.11%) Mule
13 25 (0.95%) Oracle Service Bus
14 24 (0.92%) Red Hat Fuse
15 22 (0.84%) BizTalk Server
15 22 (0.84%) JBoss
15 22 (0.84%) nginx
16 21 (0.80%) Jupyter
17 20 (0.76%) Drupal
18 19 (0.73%) SAS
Applications
1 35 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.42%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.31%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.19%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.15%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.11%) GIMP
8 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.11%) Sketch
9 2 (0.076%) Figma
9 2 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 1 (0.038%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.038%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 39 (1.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (1.41%) FINCAD Analytics
3 35 (1.34%) Remedy ITSM
4 25 (0.95%) Markit EDM
5 19 (0.73%) Magento
6 18 (0.69%) SimCorp Dimension
7 16 (0.61%) BusinessWorks
8 13 (0.50%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 12 (0.46%) NetSuite
10 7 (0.27%) PeopleSoft HCM
10 7 (0.27%) PolarLake
11 6 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
11 6 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
11 6 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 5 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
13 4 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
13 4 (0.15%) SAP ERP
13 4 (0.15%) Shopify
13 4 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 3 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 1,054 (40.23%) AWS
2 587 (22.40%) Azure
3 219 (8.36%) GCP
4 208 (7.94%) Serverless
5 178 (6.79%) Amazon EC2
6 165 (6.30%) AWS Lambda
7 150 (5.73%) Amazon SQS
8 146 (5.57%) SaaS
9 139 (5.31%) Amazon S3
10 133 (5.08%) OpenShift
11 104 (3.97%) GitHub
12 102 (3.89%) AWS CloudFormation
13 99 (3.78%) Amazon ECS
14 97 (3.70%) PaaS
15 74 (2.82%) Cloud Computing
16 65 (2.48%) IaaS
17 60 (2.29%) Office 365
18 42 (1.60%) AWS Step Functions
18 42 (1.60%) Power Platform
19 33 (1.26%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 107 (4.08%) HTTP
2 75 (2.86%) TCP/IP
3 49 (1.87%) Internet
4 40 (1.53%) SNMP
5 38 (1.45%) Firewall
6 36 (1.37%) VPN
7 35 (1.34%) Ethernet
8 28 (1.07%) DNS
9 16 (0.61%) SSL
10 15 (0.57%) Kerberos
10 15 (0.57%) SAN
11 14 (0.53%) WAN
12 12 (0.46%) Reverse Proxy
13 11 (0.42%) FTP
13 11 (0.42%) Intranet
14 10 (0.38%) NAS
14 10 (0.38%) Network Security
15 9 (0.34%) LAN
16 8 (0.31%) Extranet
16 8 (0.31%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 385 (14.69%) SQL Server
2 199 (7.60%) MySQL
2 199 (7.60%) Relational Database
3 197 (7.52%) NoSQL
3 197 (7.52%) PostgreSQL
4 172 (6.56%) Amazon RDS
5 127 (4.85%) MongoDB
6 103 (3.93%) RDBMS
7 101 (3.85%) Big Data
8 95 (3.63%) Redis
9 87 (3.32%) Amazon Redshift
10 83 (3.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 65 (2.48%) Amazon Athena
12 61 (2.33%) Apache Cassandra
13 51 (1.95%) Amazon Aurora
14 49 (1.87%) DB2
15 46 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
16 45 (1.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 40 (1.53%) Oracle Database
18 39 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 509 (19.43%) Git (software)
2 382 (14.58%) Jenkins
3 247 (9.43%) JIRA
4 225 (8.59%) Maven
5 176 (6.72%) JUnit
6 149 (5.69%) Mockito
7 123 (4.69%) Selenium
8 113 (4.31%) Gradle
9 98 (3.74%) Visual Studio
10 93 (3.55%) Cucumber
11 78 (2.98%) Artifactory
12 77 (2.94%) RStudio
13 70 (2.67%) SoapUI
14 67 (2.56%) TeamCity
15 61 (2.33%) SonarQube
16 60 (2.29%) Eclipse
16 60 (2.29%) jMock
17 58 (2.21%) Team Foundation Server
18 57 (2.18%) GitLab
19 56 (2.14%) DbUnit
General
1 568 (21.68%) Finance
2 318 (12.14%) Front Office
3 253 (9.66%) Public Sector
4 193 (7.37%) Banking
5 78 (2.98%) Marketing
6 77 (2.94%) Investment Banking
7 65 (2.48%) Retail
8 64 (2.44%) Telecoms
9 43 (1.64%) Manufacturing
10 38 (1.45%) Aerospace
11 36 (1.37%) Electronics
12 34 (1.30%) Military
12 34 (1.30%) Publishing
13 30 (1.15%) Back Office
14 28 (1.07%) Games
15 20 (0.76%) Legal
16 17 (0.65%) Law
17 14 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
18 12 (0.46%) Local Government
19 7 (0.27%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,451 (55.38%) Developer
2 433 (16.53%) Java Developer
3 318 (12.14%) Architect
4 213 (8.13%) .NET Developer
5 194 (7.40%) AWS Developer
6 179 (6.83%) Senior Developer
7 152 (5.80%) Software Engineer
8 134 (5.11%) AWS Engineer
9 123 (4.69%) C# Developer
10 122 (4.66%) Solutions Architect
11 95 (3.63%) Consultant
12 93 (3.55%) Java Engineer
13 92 (3.51%) Python Developer
14 90 (3.44%) Analyst
15 88 (3.36%) React Developer
16 86 (3.28%) DevOps Engineer
17 85 (3.24%) Lead Developer
18 82 (3.13%) JavaScript Developer
19 81 (3.09%) Senior Java Developer
20 77 (2.94%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 593 (22.63%) REST
2 538 (20.53%) SOAP
3 515 (19.66%) RESTful
4 506 (19.31%) .NET
5 451 (17.21%) XML
6 446 (17.02%) AngularJS
7 438 (16.72%) HTML
8 379 (14.47%) CSS
9 370 (14.12%) Spring
10 348 (13.28%) Node.js
11 309 (11.79%) React
12 288 (10.99%) JSON
13 230 (8.78%) J2EE
14 200 (7.63%) ASP.NET
15 154 (5.88%) Spring Boot
16 148 (5.65%) HTML5
17 120 (4.58%) jQuery
18 114 (4.35%) Hibernate
19 113 (4.31%) .NET Core
20 106 (4.05%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 266 (10.15%) Fixed Income
2 208 (7.94%) Analytical Skills
3 206 (7.86%) Derivative
4 190 (7.25%) Equities
5 179 (6.83%) Greenfield Project
6 166 (6.34%) Hedge funds
7 158 (6.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 158 (6.03%) User Experience
8 115 (4.39%) Enterprise Software
9 67 (2.56%) Blog
10 62 (2.37%) Public Cloud
11 55 (2.10%) Data Structures
12 53 (2.02%) Mobile App
13 51 (1.95%) Equity Derivative
14 47 (1.79%) Reference Data
15 46 (1.76%) Algorithms
16 36 (1.37%) Management Information System
17 27 (1.03%) Hybrid Cloud
17 27 (1.03%) Virtual Team
18 26 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 274 (10.46%) Linux
2 199 (7.60%) Windows
3 95 (3.63%) Unix
4 48 (1.83%) Windows Server
5 33 (1.26%) Android
6 27 (1.03%) Apple iOS
7 20 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (0.57%) Windows Server 2008
9 12 (0.46%) Windows 10
10 10 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.31%) Debian
11 8 (0.31%) Ubuntu
12 7 (0.27%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.19%) CentOS
14 2 (0.076%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.076%) Solaris
15 1 (0.038%) MVS
15 1 (0.038%) OS/2
15 1 (0.038%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,359 (51.87%) Agile Software Development
2 570 (21.76%) DevOps
3 550 (20.99%) Microservices
4 510 (19.47%) Software Engineering
5 486 (18.55%) Scrum
6 417 (15.92%) TDD
7 327 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
8 308 (11.76%) Test Automation
9 292 (11.15%) Asset Management
10 277 (10.57%) Open Source
11 255 (9.73%) BDD
12 227 (8.66%) Migration
13 219 (8.36%) MVC
14 206 (7.86%) SOA
15 200 (7.63%) Problem-Solving
16 181 (6.91%) Analytics
17 171 (6.53%) SDLC
18 167 (6.37%) Unit Testing
19 157 (5.99%) Front End Development
20 154 (5.88%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,087 (41.49%) Java
2 879 (33.55%) JavaScript
3 605 (23.09%) SQL
4 552 (21.07%) C#
5 524 (20.00%) Python
6 149 (5.69%) Java 8
7 141 (5.38%) R
8 140 (5.34%) TypeScript
9 114 (4.35%) C++
10 109 (4.16%) PHP
11 76 (2.90%) Perl
12 74 (2.82%) PowerShell
13 72 (2.75%) Ruby
14 70 (2.67%) Kotlin
15 66 (2.52%) T-SQL
16 58 (2.21%) Shell Script
17 56 (2.14%) PL/SQL
18 53 (2.02%) Groovy
18 53 (2.02%) Scala
19 45 (1.72%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 403 (15.38%) Security Cleared
2 336 (12.82%) SC Cleared
3 204 (7.79%) Degree
4 65 (2.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.30%) CISSP
6 30 (1.15%) AWS Certification
7 27 (1.03%) DV Cleared
8 24 (0.92%) ISTQB
9 21 (0.80%) ISEB
10 20 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
11 17 (0.65%) CCA
12 16 (0.61%) BC Cleared
12 16 (0.61%) CISM
12 16 (0.61%) DBS Check
13 13 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (0.34%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 8 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 7 (0.27%) MCPD
16 7 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
17 6 (0.23%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (3.13%) QA
2 30 (1.15%) GDPR
3 24 (0.92%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.73%) SLA
5 14 (0.53%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.46%) ISO 20022
6 12 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 11 (0.42%) TARGET2
8 10 (0.38%) GxP
8 10 (0.38%) NCSC
9 7 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.19%) COBIT
10 5 (0.19%) RMADS
11 4 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.11%) ISO 9000
12 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.11%) JSP 440
12 3 (0.11%) MiFID
12 3 (0.11%) NIST
12 3 (0.11%) SEPA
System Software
1 394 (15.04%) Docker
2 82 (3.13%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.64%) Postfix
4 23 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.34%) vSphere
7 6 (0.23%) NDS
7 6 (0.23%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 6 (0.23%) NFS
7 6 (0.23%) RACF
8 5 (0.19%) GridGain
8 5 (0.19%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.19%) XenApp
8 5 (0.19%) zsh
9 4 (0.15%) Citrix Presentation Server
9 4 (0.15%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.11%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.11%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.076%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 307 (11.72%) Kubernetes
2 210 (8.02%) Terraform
3 118 (4.50%) Ansible
4 56 (2.14%) Puppet
5 39 (1.49%) Amdocs OSS
6 35 (1.34%) Netcool
6 35 (1.34%) Netcool/OMNIbus
7 29 (1.11%) Single Sign-On
8 25 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (0.76%) Packer
10 11 (0.42%) Kibana
11 10 (0.38%) SCCM
12 8 (0.31%) logstash
13 7 (0.27%) HAProxy
13 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Clustering
13 7 (0.27%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
15 4 (0.15%) Consul
15 4 (0.15%) SCOM
15 4 (0.15%) vRealize
Vendors
1 306 (11.68%) Microsoft
2 305 (11.64%) Oracle
3 160 (6.11%) Google
4 103 (3.93%) SAP
5 84 (3.21%) ServiceNow
6 83 (3.17%) IBM
7 81 (3.09%) Salesforce.com
8 46 (1.76%) Atlassian
9 39 (1.49%) Cramer
9 39 (1.49%) Remedy
10 36 (1.37%) Dell
10 36 (1.37%) VMware
11 35 (1.34%) BMC
11 35 (1.34%) Red Hat
11 35 (1.34%) Siebel
11 35 (1.34%) xMatters
12 34 (1.30%) Sybase
13 33 (1.26%) Adobe
14 32 (1.22%) Cloudera
15 29 (1.11%) hybris