Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 53 46 41
Rank change year-on-year -7 -5 -5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 3,388 5,023 5,330
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.07% 4.83% 5.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.33% 13.88% 16.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,014 3,386 3,747
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £358 £339 £319
90th Percentile £650 £615 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £413
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 45 63
UK median hourly rate £48.42 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.60% - +0.56%
10th Percentile £35.00 £24.86 £25.25
90th Percentile £82.50 £69.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +23.53% -5.56% +4.65%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,425 36,198 33,151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.51% 34.83% 32.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,579 25,497 23,412
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 319 376
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £19.92 £17.00 £18.25
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +2.44% - +10.07%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 3,149 £500 +4.71% 1,204
UK excluding London -19 1,691 £450 - 854
London 0 1,618 £525 - 416
South East -9 537 £475 +5.56% 208
North of England -20 325 £450 +8.50% 246
South West +18 255 £450 - 108
Midlands -16 231 £475 +11.76% 111
East of England -33 169 £450 -14.29% 115
North West -28 156 £450 +9.76% 129
West Midlands -9 154 £475 +11.76% 69
Scotland -12 139 £450 - 32
Yorkshire +1 124 £500 +21.21% 84
East Midlands -23 73 £400 -8.57% 42
North East -5 45 £425 - 33
Wales -18 31 £415 -2.92% 26
Northern Ireland -8 11 £475 +15.29% 8

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,624 (47.93%) Agile Software Development
2 1,320 (38.96%) Java
3 1,257 (37.10%) AWS
4 998 (29.46%) JavaScript
5 733 (21.64%) SQL
6 721 (21.28%) C#
7 715 (21.10%) Finance
8 697 (20.57%) Azure
9 695 (20.51%) .NET
10 671 (19.81%) Microservices
11 642 (18.95%) DevOps
12 631 (18.62%) Python
13 626 (18.48%) Scrum
14 625 (18.45%) REST
15 609 (17.98%) Git (software)
16 595 (17.56%) RESTful
17 579 (17.09%) SOAP
18 576 (17.00%) XML
19 575 (16.97%) TDD
20 550 (16.23%) Jenkins
21 545 (16.09%) Software Engineering
22 544 (16.06%) Continuous Integration
23 525 (15.50%) HTML
24 522 (15.41%) Microsoft
24 522 (15.41%) Docker
25 478 (14.11%) Linux
26 477 (14.08%) SQL Server
27 453 (13.37%) CSS
28 417 (12.31%) Test Automation
29 415 (12.25%) Spring

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (5.70%) Confluence
2 116 (3.42%) SharePoint
3 90 (2.66%) Apache
4 74 (2.18%) Tomcat
5 62 (1.83%) IIS
6 54 (1.59%) Elasticsearch
7 52 (1.53%) JBoss
8 50 (1.48%) Apache Spark
9 47 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 47 (1.39%) WebLogic
10 43 (1.27%) WebSphere
11 39 (1.15%) CMS
12 29 (0.86%) Mule
13 26 (0.77%) OpenStack
14 25 (0.74%) Jupyter
14 25 (0.74%) MS Exchange
15 24 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
16 22 (0.65%) nginx
17 21 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
18 19 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 70 (2.07%) Microsoft Office
2 41 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (0.68%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.41%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.21%) GIMP
7 5 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.12%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.059%) Zeplin
11 1 (0.030%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 73 (2.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (1.09%) FINCAD Analytics
3 21 (0.62%) Remedy ITSM
4 19 (0.56%) Magento
5 15 (0.44%) Adobe Campaign
5 15 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 12 (0.35%) Markit EDM
7 11 (0.32%) PolarLake
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
8 8 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
9 7 (0.21%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle FAH
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle iProcurement
9 7 (0.21%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,257 (37.10%) AWS
2 697 (20.57%) Azure
3 247 (7.29%) Serverless
4 208 (6.14%) Amazon EC2
5 199 (5.87%) AWS Lambda
6 182 (5.37%) Amazon S3
7 179 (5.28%) GCP
8 163 (4.81%) SaaS
9 151 (4.46%) GitHub
10 145 (4.28%) PaaS
11 142 (4.19%) Office 365
12 130 (3.84%) Amazon SQS
13 109 (3.22%) IaaS
14 99 (2.92%) AWS CloudFormation
15 97 (2.86%) Cloud Computing
16 96 (2.83%) OpenShift
17 72 (2.13%) Amazon ECS
18 69 (2.04%) Power Platform
19 58 (1.71%) Azure Active Directory
20 56 (1.65%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 132 (3.90%) TCP/IP
2 116 (3.42%) HTTP
3 107 (3.16%) VPN
4 103 (3.04%) Firewall
5 99 (2.92%) Internet
6 74 (2.18%) DNS
7 49 (1.45%) Reverse Proxy
8 47 (1.39%) SAN
9 44 (1.30%) Ethernet
10 41 (1.21%) NAS
11 39 (1.15%) SSL
12 31 (0.91%) WAN
13 24 (0.71%) FTP
13 24 (0.71%) SSH
14 23 (0.68%) LAN
15 20 (0.59%) DHCP
16 18 (0.53%) Network Security
16 18 (0.53%) Skype
17 17 (0.50%) SNMP
18 15 (0.44%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 477 (14.08%) SQL Server
2 245 (7.23%) PostgreSQL
3 230 (6.79%) Relational Database
4 212 (6.26%) MySQL
5 187 (5.52%) NoSQL
6 167 (4.93%) Amazon RDS
7 131 (3.87%) MongoDB
8 125 (3.69%) Big Data
9 122 (3.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 97 (2.86%) Amazon Athena
11 92 (2.72%) RDBMS
12 91 (2.69%) Amazon Redshift
13 76 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
14 72 (2.13%) Amazon Aurora
15 70 (2.07%) Oracle Database
16 63 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
17 62 (1.83%) Hadoop
18 53 (1.56%) Power BI
19 48 (1.42%) DB2
20 44 (1.30%) HBase
Development Applications
1 609 (17.98%) Git (software)
2 550 (16.23%) Jenkins
3 301 (8.88%) JIRA
4 258 (7.62%) Maven
5 226 (6.67%) Selenium
6 214 (6.32%) JUnit
7 156 (4.60%) Mockito
8 150 (4.43%) Cucumber
9 130 (3.84%) Visual Studio
10 105 (3.10%) Eclipse
11 101 (2.98%) Team Foundation Server
12 92 (2.72%) Bitbucket
12 92 (2.72%) SonarQube
13 79 (2.33%) Gradle
14 74 (2.18%) GitLab
15 73 (2.15%) jMock
16 72 (2.13%) DbUnit
17 71 (2.10%) JMeter
17 71 (2.10%) Subversion
17 71 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 715 (21.10%) Finance
2 241 (7.11%) Front Office
3 226 (6.67%) Banking
4 201 (5.93%) Public Sector
5 110 (3.25%) Telecoms
6 91 (2.69%) Retail
7 85 (2.51%) Marketing
8 51 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 39 (1.15%) Aerospace
10 38 (1.12%) Publishing
11 36 (1.06%) Games
12 35 (1.03%) Military
13 34 (1.00%) Back Office
14 32 (0.94%) Electronics
15 24 (0.71%) Billing
16 20 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
17 19 (0.56%) Investment Banking
18 18 (0.53%) Law
19 14 (0.41%) Financial Institution
19 14 (0.41%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,716 (50.65%) Developer
2 496 (14.64%) Java Developer
3 444 (13.11%) Architect
4 245 (7.23%) Senior Developer
5 239 (7.05%) .NET Developer
6 200 (5.90%) Software Engineer
7 185 (5.46%) AWS Developer
8 183 (5.40%) AWS Engineer
9 154 (4.55%) Solutions Architect
10 152 (4.49%) DevOps Engineer
11 128 (3.78%) Analyst
12 127 (3.75%) C# Developer
13 126 (3.72%) Consultant
14 104 (3.07%) Lead Developer
15 101 (2.98%) Java Engineer
16 95 (2.80%) Senior Java Developer
17 89 (2.63%) Python Developer
18 85 (2.51%) AWS Software Engineer
18 85 (2.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 83 (2.45%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 695 (20.51%) .NET
2 625 (18.45%) REST
3 595 (17.56%) RESTful
4 579 (17.09%) SOAP
5 576 (17.00%) XML
6 525 (15.50%) HTML
7 453 (13.37%) CSS
8 415 (12.25%) Spring
9 411 (12.13%) JSON
10 400 (11.81%) AngularJS
11 352 (10.39%) Node.js
12 338 (9.98%) React
13 297 (8.77%) J2EE
14 242 (7.14%) ASP.NET
15 168 (4.96%) HTML5
16 161 (4.75%) Hibernate
17 157 (4.63%) .NET Framework
18 152 (4.49%) ASP.NET Web API
19 144 (4.25%) Spring Boot
20 131 (3.87%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 218 (6.43%) Fixed Income
2 203 (5.99%) Analytical Skills
3 196 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
4 183 (5.40%) Derivative
5 159 (4.69%) User Experience
6 127 (3.75%) Enterprise Software
7 106 (3.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 85 (2.51%) Public Cloud
9 80 (2.36%) Equities
10 62 (1.83%) Hedge funds
11 58 (1.71%) Mobile App
12 56 (1.65%) Data Structures
13 55 (1.62%) Management Information System
14 54 (1.59%) Replication
15 43 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
16 41 (1.21%) Data Centre
17 37 (1.09%) Reference Data
18 36 (1.06%) Blog
19 35 (1.03%) Algorithms
19 35 (1.03%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 478 (14.11%) Linux
2 327 (9.65%) Windows
3 139 (4.10%) Unix
4 76 (2.24%) Windows Server
5 63 (1.86%) Apple iOS
6 60 (1.77%) Android
7 53 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (1.00%) Windows Server 2012
9 28 (0.83%) Windows 10
10 24 (0.71%) Mac OS
10 24 (0.71%) tvOS
10 24 (0.71%) Windows Server 2008
11 11 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
12 10 (0.30%) CentOS
12 10 (0.30%) Debian
13 8 (0.24%) HPUX
13 8 (0.24%) Solaris
13 8 (0.24%) Windows 2000
14 7 (0.21%) AIX
14 7 (0.21%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,624 (47.93%) Agile Software Development
2 671 (19.81%) Microservices
3 642 (18.95%) DevOps
4 626 (18.48%) Scrum
5 575 (16.97%) TDD
6 545 (16.09%) Software Engineering
7 544 (16.06%) Continuous Integration
8 417 (12.31%) Test Automation
9 388 (11.45%) BDD
10 325 (9.59%) MVC
11 303 (8.94%) Asset Management
12 295 (8.71%) Kanban
13 286 (8.44%) Open Source
13 286 (8.44%) SOA
14 251 (7.41%) Analytics
15 246 (7.26%) Migration
16 240 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
17 219 (6.46%) Unit Testing
18 207 (6.11%) OO
19 202 (5.96%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,320 (38.96%) Java
2 998 (29.46%) JavaScript
3 733 (21.64%) SQL
4 721 (21.28%) C#
5 631 (18.62%) Python
6 220 (6.49%) C++
7 154 (4.55%) PowerShell
8 131 (3.87%) Java 8
8 131 (3.87%) Ruby
9 125 (3.69%) R
10 116 (3.42%) PHP
11 101 (2.98%) PL/SQL
12 97 (2.86%) Scala
13 93 (2.74%) TypeScript
14 90 (2.66%) Bash Shell
15 69 (2.04%) Perl
15 69 (2.04%) T-SQL
16 67 (1.98%) Apex Code
17 66 (1.95%) Shell Script
18 62 (1.83%) C
Qualifications
1 405 (11.95%) Security Cleared
2 305 (9.00%) SC Cleared
3 247 (7.29%) Degree
4 59 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (1.71%) CISSP
6 56 (1.65%) AWS Certification
7 43 (1.27%) CISM
8 31 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
9 29 (0.86%) ISTQB
10 25 (0.74%) ISEB
11 24 (0.71%) DV Cleared
12 19 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
13 16 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
14 15 (0.44%) TOGAF Certification
15 14 (0.41%) CCA
16 13 (0.38%) ISSMP
17 12 (0.35%) CISA
17 12 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
17 12 (0.35%) CISMP
17 12 (0.35%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (4.52%) QA
2 43 (1.27%) GDPR
3 41 (1.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 36 (1.06%) PCI DSS
5 30 (0.89%) Data Quality
5 30 (0.89%) SLA
6 24 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 20 (0.59%) NIST
8 16 (0.47%) NCSC
9 13 (0.38%) COBIT
10 6 (0.18%) JSP 440
11 5 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.15%) HL7
11 5 (0.15%) HMG Infosec
11 5 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 5 (0.15%) PMO
12 4 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
12 4 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 4 (0.12%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.089%) SEPA
System Software
1 522 (15.41%) Docker
2 131 (3.87%) Active Directory
3 64 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (1.12%) vSphere
5 36 (1.06%) Postfix
6 34 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
7 23 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
8 11 (0.32%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.30%) NDS
9 10 (0.30%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 9 (0.27%) XenApp
11 8 (0.24%) HDFS
12 7 (0.21%) VirtualBox
12 7 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
13 6 (0.18%) NFS
14 5 (0.15%) Apache Flume
15 4 (0.12%) GridGain
15 4 (0.12%) LXC
15 4 (0.12%) Terminal Services
15 4 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 314 (9.27%) Kubernetes
2 259 (7.64%) Terraform
3 209 (6.17%) Ansible
4 126 (3.72%) Puppet
5 97 (2.86%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (2.30%) Single Sign-On
7 44 (1.30%) Packer
8 38 (1.12%) Amdocs OSS
9 23 (0.68%) Suricata
10 20 (0.59%) Kibana
10 20 (0.59%) Microsoft Intune
10 20 (0.59%) Salt
11 17 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
12 14 (0.41%) Netcool
12 14 (0.41%) Netcool/OMNIbus
13 13 (0.38%) SCCM
14 12 (0.35%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 11 (0.32%) CASB
16 10 (0.30%) HP ALM
16 10 (0.30%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 522 (15.41%) Microsoft
2 374 (11.04%) Oracle
3 193 (5.70%) Google
4 112 (3.31%) Salesforce.com
5 108 (3.19%) ServiceNow
6 104 (3.07%) SAP
7 97 (2.86%) VMware
8 79 (2.33%) IBM
9 68 (2.01%) MuleSoft
10 61 (1.80%) Red Hat
11 60 (1.77%) Bloomberg
11 60 (1.77%) Cisco
12 58 (1.71%) Splunk
13 47 (1.39%) Dell
13 47 (1.39%) Sybase
14 46 (1.36%) Reuters
15 41 (1.21%) Apple
16 40 (1.18%) Remedy
17 38 (1.12%) Cramer
18 34 (1.00%) Adobe