Period
to 21 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 40 35 36
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 5071 5271 5226
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.11% 4.96% 4.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.93% 16.51% 16.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 3505 3722 3527
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £319 £310 £288
90th Percentile £600 £575 £572
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.90% +5.48%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 66 86
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £42.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +6.88% +6.67%
10th Percentile £21.25 £27.13 £20.40
90th Percentile £50.00 £58.41 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.75 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -1.76% +6.25% +14.29%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31831 31921 31899
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.05% 30.06% 27.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 22346 22203 21761
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 364 374 529
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.38% -0.67% +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.15 £13.50 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.70 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £36.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% -4.00% +10.74%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 4588 £450 +2.86% 532
UK excluding London 0 2564 £413 +3.13% 361
London -2 2454 £500 +5.26% 196
South East +6 915 £400 -5.88% 99
North of England -5 423 £425 +4.94% 106
Midlands -11 293 £400 +6.67% 48
North West -4 253 £425 +6.25% 56
South West +2 246 £400 +4.92% 34
East of England -14 244 £450 +12.50% 49
Scotland +6 240 £413 +14.58% 14
West Midlands -15 155 £425 +13.33% 25
East Midlands -7 138 £375 +3.45% 23
Yorkshire -23 123 £425 - 40
Wales +25 111 £450 - 10
Northern Ireland +5 94 £413 +50.00% 1
North East +27 47 £463 +15.63% 10

For the 6 months to 21 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2565 (50.58%) Agile Software Development
2 2425 (47.82%) Java
3 1577 (31.10%) JavaScript
4 1327 (26.17%) SQL
5 1300 (25.64%) Amazon AWS
6 1293 (25.50%) HTML
7 1281 (25.26%) REST
8 1275 (25.14%) TDD
9 1172 (23.11%) RESTful
10 1151 (22.70%) CSS
11 1077 (21.24%) Git (software)
12 1056 (20.82%) .NET
13 1029 (20.29%) XML
14 1026 (20.23%) SOAP
15 991 (19.54%) Scrum
15 991 (19.54%) Continuous Integration
16 946 (18.66%) Spring
17 938 (18.50%) Finance
18 937 (18.48%) C#
19 893 (17.61%) Linux
20 859 (16.94%) MVC
21 858 (16.92%) AngularJS
22 846 (16.68%) Jenkins
23 824 (16.25%) Oracle
24 823 (16.23%) SQL Server
25 764 (15.07%) Test Automation
26 746 (14.71%) JSON
27 731 (14.42%) DevOps
28 665 (13.11%) BDD
29 658 (12.98%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 235 (4.63%) WebSphere
2 229 (4.52%) JBoss
3 218 (4.30%) Tomcat
4 209 (4.12%) Apache
5 198 (3.90%) Confluence
6 181 (3.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 162 (3.19%) CMS
8 140 (2.76%) IIS
8 140 (2.76%) WebLogic
9 135 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
10 88 (1.74%) SharePoint
11 85 (1.68%) Apache Spark
12 56 (1.10%) Mule
12 56 (1.10%) nginx
13 50 (0.99%) WebSphere Application Server
14 49 (0.97%) Apache Solr
15 47 (0.93%) Sitecore CMS
16 43 (0.85%) Drupal
17 39 (0.77%) WildFly
18 37 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 64 (1.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 52 (1.03%) MS Visio
3 21 (0.41%) OmniGraffle
4 19 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.28%) Photoshop
7 13 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 11 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 8 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
10 7 (0.14%) SmartSuite
11 4 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.059%) Simulink
13 2 (0.039%) Adobe After Effects
13 2 (0.039%) Adobe Premiere
13 2 (0.039%) InDesign
13 2 (0.039%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.039%) Mingle
13 2 (0.039%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 71 (1.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 52 (1.03%) Payment Gateway
3 27 (0.53%) Magento
4 24 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
5 22 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
6 15 (0.30%) BusinessWorks
7 12 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
8 9 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
9 8 (0.16%) Oracle Financials
9 8 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
10 7 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
10 7 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
11 6 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
11 6 (0.12%) Pega PRPC
12 5 (0.099%) NetSuite
12 5 (0.099%) OpenText Process Suite
12 5 (0.099%) RMDS
13 4 (0.079%) Adobe Campaign
13 4 (0.079%) Oracle CRM
13 4 (0.079%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 1300 (25.64%) Amazon AWS
2 406 (8.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 148 (2.92%) SaaS
4 138 (2.72%) Serverless
5 126 (2.48%) PaaS
6 118 (2.33%) AWS CloudFormation
7 112 (2.21%) GitHub
8 97 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
9 93 (1.83%) IaaS
10 85 (1.68%) Amazon S3
11 74 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
12 68 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
13 60 (1.18%) npm
14 57 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
15 52 (1.03%) Office 365
16 43 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
17 38 (0.75%) Google Analytics
18 33 (0.65%) OpenShift
19 30 (0.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 28 (0.55%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 195 (3.85%) HTTP
2 154 (3.04%) Internet
3 116 (2.29%) TCP/IP
4 95 (1.87%) LDAP
5 92 (1.81%) DNS
6 91 (1.79%) SSL
7 83 (1.64%) Firewall
8 51 (1.01%) FTP
9 50 (0.99%) VPN
10 43 (0.85%) Network Security
11 36 (0.71%) Intranet
12 24 (0.47%) LAN
12 24 (0.47%) SMS
12 24 (0.47%) SSH
12 24 (0.47%) WAN
13 22 (0.43%) DHCP
14 21 (0.41%) SAN
15 19 (0.37%) SMTP
16 15 (0.30%) AMQP
16 15 (0.30%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 823 (16.23%) SQL Server
2 409 (8.07%) Relational Database
3 392 (7.73%) NoSQL
4 320 (6.31%) MongoDB
5 275 (5.42%) MySQL
6 225 (4.44%) Big Data
7 221 (4.36%) PostgreSQL
8 168 (3.31%) RDBMS
9 166 (3.27%) Oracle Database
10 164 (3.23%) Hadoop
11 118 (2.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 95 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
13 94 (1.85%) SQL Server 2012
14 89 (1.76%) DB2
15 88 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
16 87 (1.72%) SQL Server 2008
17 82 (1.62%) HBase
18 78 (1.54%) Redis
19 70 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 56 (1.10%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1077 (21.24%) Git (software)
2 846 (16.68%) Jenkins
3 519 (10.23%) Maven
4 485 (9.56%) JIRA
5 366 (7.22%) JUnit
6 327 (6.45%) Selenium
7 304 (5.99%) Subversion
8 262 (5.17%) Cucumber
9 202 (3.98%) Team Foundation Server
10 191 (3.77%) Visual Studio
11 189 (3.73%) Eclipse
12 171 (3.37%) SoapUI
13 167 (3.29%) Mockito
14 165 (3.25%) TeamCity
15 152 (3.00%) Ant
16 151 (2.98%) Gradle
17 131 (2.58%) gulp
18 125 (2.46%) Grunt
19 118 (2.33%) WebDriver
20 110 (2.17%) IntelliJ
General
1 938 (18.50%) Finance
2 439 (8.66%) Banking
3 182 (3.59%) Retail
4 175 (3.45%) Marketing
5 151 (2.98%) Telecoms
6 93 (1.83%) Manufacturing
7 83 (1.64%) Front Office
8 74 (1.46%) Electronics
9 62 (1.22%) Games
10 55 (1.08%) Publishing
11 53 (1.05%) Investment Banking
12 41 (0.81%) Legal
13 37 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 31 (0.61%) Advertising
15 27 (0.53%) Automotive
16 25 (0.49%) Retail Banking
17 24 (0.47%) Law
18 20 (0.39%) Back Office
19 18 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
20 15 (0.30%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3099 (61.11%) Developer
2 1172 (23.11%) Java Developer
3 457 (9.01%) Architect
4 434 (8.56%) .NET Developer
5 345 (6.80%) Senior Developer
6 310 (6.11%) C# Developer
7 277 (5.46%) DevOps Engineer
8 257 (5.07%) Analyst
9 202 (3.98%) C# .NET Developer
10 199 (3.92%) JavaScript Developer
11 198 (3.90%) Senior Java Developer
12 183 (3.61%) Full Stack Developer
13 179 (3.53%) Consultant
14 171 (3.37%) Agile Developer
15 156 (3.08%) AWS Engineer
16 154 (3.04%) Web Developer
17 153 (3.02%) Tester
18 144 (2.84%) AWS DevOps
19 133 (2.62%) SQL Developer
20 127 (2.50%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1293 (25.50%) HTML
2 1281 (25.26%) REST
3 1172 (23.11%) RESTful
4 1151 (22.70%) CSS
5 1056 (20.82%) .NET
6 1029 (20.29%) XML
7 1026 (20.23%) SOAP
8 946 (18.66%) Spring
9 858 (16.92%) AngularJS
10 746 (14.71%) JSON
11 576 (11.36%) HTML5
12 501 (9.88%) Node.js
13 483 (9.52%) Hibernate
14 464 (9.15%) jQuery
15 446 (8.80%) ASP.NET
16 405 (7.99%) J2EE
17 346 (6.82%) ASP.NET Web API
18 341 (6.72%) CSS3
19 339 (6.69%) React
20 322 (6.35%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 329 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
2 259 (5.11%) User Experience
3 228 (4.50%) Computer Science
4 194 (3.83%) Mobile App
5 182 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
6 178 (3.51%) Enterprise Software
7 93 (1.83%) Algorithms
7 93 (1.83%) Virtual Team
8 90 (1.77%) N-Tier
9 82 (1.62%) Data Structures
10 78 (1.54%) Client/Server
11 71 (1.40%) iPad
12 63 (1.24%) Public Cloud
13 59 (1.16%) Management Information System
14 47 (0.93%) Social Media
15 43 (0.85%) Fintech
16 38 (0.75%) CMDB
16 38 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 38 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
17 35 (0.69%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 893 (17.61%) Linux
2 496 (9.78%) Windows
3 389 (7.67%) Unix
4 138 (2.72%) Apple iOS
5 134 (2.64%) Android
6 127 (2.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 116 (2.29%) Windows Server
8 68 (1.34%) CentOS
9 55 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
10 39 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
11 35 (0.69%) Mac OS X
12 27 (0.53%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.41%) Solaris
14 18 (0.35%) HPUX
15 14 (0.28%) Debian
15 14 (0.28%) SUSE
16 12 (0.24%) AIX
16 12 (0.24%) Windows 10
17 10 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
18 6 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2565 (50.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1275 (25.14%) TDD
3 991 (19.54%) Continuous Integration
3 991 (19.54%) Scrum
4 859 (16.94%) MVC
5 764 (15.07%) Test Automation
6 731 (14.42%) DevOps
7 665 (13.11%) BDD
8 572 (11.28%) SOA
9 529 (10.43%) Microservices
10 486 (9.58%) OO
11 442 (8.72%) Web Development
12 431 (8.50%) Software Engineering
13 411 (8.10%) Open Source
14 387 (7.63%) Unit Testing
15 370 (7.30%) E-Commerce
16 351 (6.92%) Kanban
17 324 (6.39%) SDLC
18 307 (6.05%) Configuration Management
19 277 (5.46%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2425 (47.82%) Java
2 1577 (31.10%) JavaScript
3 1327 (26.17%) SQL
4 937 (18.48%) C#
5 610 (12.03%) Python
6 276 (5.44%) Ruby
7 262 (5.17%) T-SQL
8 209 (4.12%) Scala
9 184 (3.63%) PL/SQL
10 181 (3.57%) Groovy
11 171 (3.37%) PHP
12 168 (3.31%) Bash Shell
13 160 (3.16%) PowerShell
14 127 (2.50%) Shell Script
15 120 (2.37%) Perl
16 118 (2.33%) VB.NET
17 98 (1.93%) TypeScript
18 92 (1.81%) C++
19 90 (1.77%) Apple Swift
20 88 (1.74%) C
Qualifications
1 355 (7.00%) Security Cleared
2 322 (6.35%) Degree
3 252 (4.97%) SC Cleared
4 107 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (0.89%) ISEB
6 38 (0.75%) ISTQB
7 36 (0.71%) AWS Certification
8 35 (0.69%) DV Cleared
9 34 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
10 31 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
11 24 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
12 15 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
13 13 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 12 (0.24%) CISSP
14 12 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
15 11 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
16 10 (0.20%) CISM
16 10 (0.20%) Master's Degree
17 9 (0.18%) BC Cleared
18 8 (0.16%) CHECK Team Member
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 330 (6.51%) QA
2 30 (0.59%) GDPR
3 28 (0.55%) SLA
4 25 (0.49%) MiFID
4 25 (0.49%) PCI DSS
5 17 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 14 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 14 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 13 (0.26%) HL7
8 9 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
9 8 (0.16%) GCP
10 6 (0.12%) COBIT
11 5 (0.099%) EMIR
11 5 (0.099%) GPG13
12 3 (0.059%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.059%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.039%) FATCA
13 2 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.039%) RosettaNet
13 2 (0.039%) Solvency II
System Software
1 485 (9.56%) Docker
2 131 (2.58%) Active Directory
3 59 (1.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 40 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
6 24 (0.47%) Apache Flume
7 21 (0.41%) HDFS
8 20 (0.39%) vSphere
9 17 (0.34%) Hyper-V
10 14 (0.28%) Varnish
11 11 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.14%) LXC
13 5 (0.099%) FreeRADIUS
13 5 (0.099%) UAG
14 4 (0.079%) vCloud
15 3 (0.059%) KVM
15 3 (0.059%) OpenAM
15 3 (0.059%) OpenIDM
15 3 (0.059%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.059%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 324 (6.39%) Ansible
2 300 (5.92%) Puppet
3 201 (3.96%) Opscode Chef
4 157 (3.10%) Kubernetes
5 137 (2.70%) Terraform
6 71 (1.40%) logstash
7 55 (1.08%) Kibana
8 37 (0.73%) HP Quality Center
9 27 (0.53%) Salt
10 25 (0.49%) Packer
11 23 (0.45%) Nagios
12 22 (0.43%) Grafana
13 21 (0.41%) Consul
13 21 (0.41%) SCCM
14 18 (0.35%) Rancher
15 16 (0.32%) Control-M
16 15 (0.30%) Graphite
16 15 (0.30%) HAProxy
16 15 (0.30%) SCOM
17 14 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 824 (16.25%) Oracle
2 658 (12.98%) Microsoft
3 166 (3.27%) IBM
4 157 (3.10%) SAP
5 137 (2.70%) Google
6 135 (2.66%) ServiceNow
7 130 (2.56%) Red Hat
8 115 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
9 114 (2.25%) VMware
10 99 (1.95%) Sitecore
11 78 (1.54%) HP
12 63 (1.24%) New Relic
13 60 (1.18%) Adobe
14 59 (1.16%) ATG
15 53 (1.05%) WSO2
16 48 (0.95%) hybris
16 48 (0.95%) TIBCO
17 45 (0.89%) MuleSoft
18 44 (0.87%) Sybase
19 37 (0.73%) Atlassian