Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 75 52
Rank change year-on-year +19 -23 -2
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 284 208 518
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 5.05% 3.80% 5.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.34% 9.47% 12.70%
Number of salaries quoted 267 197 463
10th Percentile £50,750 £46,250 £46,500
25th Percentile £62,500 £52,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +3.85% -
75th Percentile £88,750 £82,500 £80,875
90th Percentile £108,750 £89,250 £91,250
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,302 2,196 4,078
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 40.92% 40.08% 39.58%
Number of salaries quoted 2,112 1,946 3,698
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £45,000
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £96,875 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in the City of London.

Salary trend for Web Services in the City of London

Web Services
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 137 (48.24%) Agile Software Development
2 136 (47.89%) SQL
3 116 (40.85%) Azure
4 114 (40.14%) DevOps
4 114 (40.14%) .NET
5 111 (39.08%) Microservices
6 110 (38.73%) C#
7 103 (36.27%) JavaScript
8 94 (33.10%) .NET Core
9 93 (32.75%) React
10 88 (30.99%) Test Automation
11 87 (30.63%) CSS
12 81 (28.52%) OO
13 76 (26.76%) Java
13 76 (26.76%) AWS
14 74 (26.06%) Finance
14 74 (26.06%) SOLID
15 73 (25.70%) Continuous Integration
16 71 (25.00%) ASP.NET Web API
17 69 (24.30%) SQL Server
17 69 (24.30%) SOA
17 69 (24.30%) Terraform
18 67 (23.59%) Software Engineering
19 66 (23.24%) MVC
20 64 (22.54%) Social Skills
21 63 (22.18%) Azure Service Bus
22 61 (21.48%) Docker
23 60 (21.13%) TDD
23 60 (21.13%) Azure Service Fabric
23 60 (21.13%) Azure App Service

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (18.31%) SharePoint
2 11 (3.87%) Apache Solr
2 11 (3.87%) CMS
2 11 (3.87%) Drupal
2 11 (3.87%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (2.11%) nginx
4 5 (1.76%) Confluence
5 2 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
5 2 (0.70%) SAS
6 1 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
6 1 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.35%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.35%) WebLogic
Applications
1 3 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (1.06%) Spreadsheet
1 3 (1.06%) Zeplin
2 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 44 (15.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.35%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 116 (40.85%) Azure
2 76 (26.76%) AWS
3 63 (22.18%) Azure Service Bus
4 60 (21.13%) Azure App Service
4 60 (21.13%) Azure Service Fabric
5 55 (19.37%) PaaS
6 51 (17.96%) Serverless
7 48 (16.90%) Azure Active Directory
8 45 (15.85%) Azure Key Vault
9 44 (15.49%) Azure Storage
10 32 (11.27%) Azure Functions
11 26 (9.15%) SaaS
12 19 (6.69%) Azure Event Grid
13 16 (5.63%) NuGet
14 15 (5.28%) AWS Lambda
14 15 (5.28%) GCP
15 12 (4.23%) Amazon EC2
16 10 (3.52%) AWS CloudFormation
16 10 (3.52%) IaaS
17 8 (2.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 20 (7.04%) HTTP
2 10 (3.52%) Firewall
3 7 (2.46%) Intrusion Detection
4 3 (1.06%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.70%) DNS
5 2 (0.70%) FTP
5 2 (0.70%) Multicast
5 2 (0.70%) Network Security
5 2 (0.70%) tcpdump
6 1 (0.35%) DHCP
6 1 (0.35%) iSCSI
6 1 (0.35%) NAS
6 1 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (0.35%) SSH
6 1 (0.35%) SSL
6 1 (0.35%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.35%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (24.30%) SQL Server
2 38 (13.38%) NoSQL
3 24 (8.45%) MongoDB
4 21 (7.39%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (5.99%) Azure SQL Database
5 17 (5.99%) Relational Database
6 16 (5.63%) Redis
7 12 (4.23%) Big Data
8 11 (3.87%) Hadoop
8 11 (3.87%) MySQL
9 3 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
9 3 (1.06%) Data Lake
10 2 (0.70%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 1 (0.35%) Data Warehouse
11 1 (0.35%) RDBMS
11 1 (0.35%) SAP HANA
11 1 (0.35%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 54 (19.01%) Team Foundation Server
2 52 (18.31%) Visual Studio Team System
3 25 (8.80%) Jenkins
4 23 (8.10%) Git (software)
5 22 (7.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 17 (5.99%) Selenium
7 14 (4.93%) JUnit
8 13 (4.58%) webpack
9 12 (4.23%) JMeter
10 10 (3.52%) JIRA
11 9 (3.17%) REST Assured
12 8 (2.82%) WebDriver
13 5 (1.76%) Jasmine
13 5 (1.76%) Mocha
14 4 (1.41%) Mockito
15 3 (1.06%) Cucumber
15 3 (1.06%) Cypress.io
15 3 (1.06%) Maven
15 3 (1.06%) Subversion
15 3 (1.06%) Visual Studio
General
1 74 (26.06%) Finance
2 64 (22.54%) Social Skills
3 29 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (6.34%) Banking
5 12 (4.23%) Front Office
6 8 (2.82%) Advertising
7 7 (2.46%) Online Betting
8 6 (2.11%) Investment Banking
9 5 (1.76%) Marketing
9 5 (1.76%) Retail
10 4 (1.41%) Presentation Skills
11 3 (1.06%) Public Sector
12 2 (0.70%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.70%) Law
12 2 (0.70%) Organisational Skills
12 2 (0.70%) Social Housing
13 1 (0.35%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.35%) Back Office
13 1 (0.35%) Documentation Skills
13 1 (0.35%) Games
Job Titles
1 162 (57.04%) Developer
2 70 (24.65%) C# Developer
2 70 (24.65%) Senior Developer
3 51 (17.96%) Azure Developer
4 48 (16.90%) Senior C# Developer
5 45 (15.85%) .NET Developer
6 43 (15.14%) C# .NET Developer
7 33 (11.62%) Senior .NET Developer
7 33 (11.62%) Senior C# .NET Developer
8 28 (9.86%) Java Developer
9 19 (6.69%) Architect
9 19 (6.69%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 19 (6.69%) Software Engineer
10 18 (6.34%) AWS Engineer
10 18 (6.34%) Integration Developer
11 17 (5.99%) DevOps Developer
11 17 (5.99%) SQL Developer
12 16 (5.63%) Senior SQL Developer
13 15 (5.28%) Digital Developer
13 15 (5.28%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (40.14%) .NET
2 94 (33.10%) .NET Core
3 93 (32.75%) React
4 87 (30.63%) CSS
5 71 (25.00%) ASP.NET Web API
6 59 (20.77%) jQuery
7 52 (18.31%) Entity Framework
8 51 (17.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 49 (17.25%) .NET Framework
10 46 (16.20%) REST
11 38 (13.38%) HTML
12 32 (11.27%) Node.js
13 30 (10.56%) JSON
14 20 (7.04%) Spring
15 18 (6.34%) XML
16 17 (5.99%) SOAP
17 16 (5.63%) Kafka
18 15 (5.28%) Spring Boot
19 14 (4.93%) React Native
20 13 (4.58%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 51 (17.96%) N-Tier
2 18 (6.34%) Mobile App
3 17 (5.99%) Greenfield Project
3 17 (5.99%) Reinsurance
4 16 (5.63%) Legacy Systems
5 15 (5.28%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (4.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 9 (3.17%) Cloud Native
7 9 (3.17%) Data Structures
7 9 (3.17%) Derivative
7 9 (3.17%) Equity Derivative
8 8 (2.82%) Management Information System
9 7 (2.46%) Pricing Data
9 7 (2.46%) Social Media
10 4 (1.41%) Marketing Technology
10 4 (1.41%) Public Cloud
10 4 (1.41%) User Experience
11 2 (0.70%) CMDB
11 2 (0.70%) Legacy Code
12 1 (0.35%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 19 (6.69%) Linux
2 13 (4.58%) Windows
3 7 (2.46%) Ubuntu
4 6 (2.11%) CoreOS
5 2 (0.70%) Android
5 2 (0.70%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.70%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.35%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.35%) Windows 10
6 1 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 137 (48.24%) Agile Software Development
2 114 (40.14%) DevOps
3 111 (39.08%) Microservices
4 88 (30.99%) Test Automation
5 81 (28.52%) OO
6 74 (26.06%) SOLID
7 73 (25.70%) Continuous Integration
8 69 (24.30%) SOA
9 67 (23.59%) Software Engineering
10 66 (23.24%) MVC
11 60 (21.13%) TDD
12 57 (20.07%) CRM
13 56 (19.72%) Migration
14 52 (18.31%) UML
15 50 (17.61%) Deployment Automation
16 49 (17.25%) Don't repeat yourself (DRY)
17 48 (16.90%) Mentoring
18 44 (15.49%) Scrum
19 35 (12.32%) Fintech
20 32 (11.27%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 136 (47.89%) SQL
2 110 (38.73%) C#
3 103 (36.27%) JavaScript
4 76 (26.76%) Java
5 57 (20.07%) T-SQL
6 53 (18.66%) PowerShell
7 35 (12.32%) Python
8 27 (9.51%) TypeScript
9 12 (4.23%) Apex Code
10 10 (3.52%) SOQL
11 6 (2.11%) Bash Shell
12 5 (1.76%) XPath
13 4 (1.41%) PL/SQL
13 4 (1.41%) Ruby
14 3 (1.06%) C++
14 3 (1.06%) Go
14 3 (1.06%) PHP
15 2 (0.70%) Scala
16 1 (0.35%) ES6
16 1 (0.35%) Rust
Qualifications
1 53 (18.66%) Degree
2 21 (7.39%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (1.76%) AWS Certification
3 5 (1.76%) ISEB
3 5 (1.76%) ISTQB
4 3 (1.06%) SC Cleared
4 3 (1.06%) Security Cleared
5 2 (0.70%) CISA
5 2 (0.70%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (0.70%) CISSP
6 1 (0.35%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 1 (0.35%) CCNA
6 1 (0.35%) CISM
6 1 (0.35%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.99%) QA
2 4 (1.41%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 1 (0.35%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.35%) GDPR
4 1 (0.35%) GRC
4 1 (0.35%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 61 (21.48%) Docker
2 5 (1.76%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.70%) Hyper-V
3 2 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 69 (24.30%) Terraform
2 58 (20.42%) Kubernetes
3 54 (19.01%) Opscode Chef
4 20 (7.04%) Ansible
5 8 (2.82%) Grafana
6 7 (2.46%) Nessus
7 6 (2.11%) Prometheus
7 6 (2.11%) SCOM
8 5 (1.76%) Puppet
9 3 (1.06%) Istio
10 1 (0.35%) AirWatch
10 1 (0.35%) Failover Clustering
10 1 (0.35%) Jamf Pro
10 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Intune
10 1 (0.35%) Nagios
10 1 (0.35%) SCDPM
10 1 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 44 (15.49%) Nintex
2 30 (10.56%) Microsoft
3 14 (4.93%) Salesforce.com
4 11 (3.87%) Google
5 8 (2.82%) Oracle
6 7 (2.46%) CA
6 7 (2.46%) ServiceNow
7 3 (1.06%) VMware
8 2 (0.70%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.70%) IBM
8 2 (0.70%) Workday
9 1 (0.35%) Apple
9 1 (0.35%) Cisco
9 1 (0.35%) Citrix
9 1 (0.35%) HP
9 1 (0.35%) NetApp
9 1 (0.35%) Okta
9 1 (0.35%) Red Hat
9 1 (0.35%) SAP
9 1 (0.35%) UiPath