Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 55 45 41
Rank change year-on-year -10 -4 -5
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 3,514 5,326 7,599
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.68% 5.25% 5.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.71% 13.39% 14.24%
Number of salaries quoted 2,773 4,438 6,056
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £33,500
25th Percentile £47,000 £45,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £118,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +14.29% +5.00%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,006 39,762 53,364
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.96% 39.20% 38.76%
Number of salaries quoted 24,398 33,354 44,374
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £53,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.80% +7.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Salary trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 1,810 £80,000 - 241
South East -28 475 £47,500 -5.00% 97
North of England -34 408 £50,000 - 145
South West +4 378 £50,000 +11.11% 51
Midlands -21 243 £49,000 -2.00% 69
North West -38 198 £50,000 -4.76% 81
Yorkshire -9 171 £47,500 -5.00% 50
West Midlands -4 150 £47,500 - 47
East of England -1 137 £57,500 +9.52% 45
East Midlands -27 92 £50,000 - 22
North East -20 39 £45,000 +20.00% 14
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,814 (51.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,580 (44.96%) JavaScript
3 1,572 (44.74%) AWS
4 1,187 (33.78%) Azure
5 1,103 (31.39%) SQL
6 1,094 (31.13%) Java
7 1,092 (31.08%) .NET
8 974 (27.72%) C#
9 962 (27.38%) Finance
10 937 (26.66%) DevOps
11 930 (26.47%) Software Engineering
12 852 (24.25%) Microservices
13 850 (24.19%) Python
14 840 (23.90%) React
15 773 (22.00%) CSS
16 772 (21.97%) SQL Server
17 741 (21.09%) HTML
18 677 (19.27%) AngularJS
19 651 (18.53%) Docker
20 650 (18.50%) REST
21 618 (17.59%) Git (software)
22 610 (17.36%) Microsoft
23 568 (16.16%) TDD
24 546 (15.54%) Serverless
25 511 (14.54%) RESTful
26 506 (14.40%) GCP
27 503 (14.31%) MVC
28 485 (13.80%) Linux
29 465 (13.23%) Scrum
30 459 (13.06%) SOAP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (4.15%) Apache
2 140 (3.98%) SharePoint
3 134 (3.81%) Confluence
4 108 (3.07%) CMS
5 94 (2.68%) Tomcat
6 84 (2.39%) IIS
7 64 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
8 61 (1.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 50 (1.42%) Apache Spark
10 45 (1.28%) WordPress
11 42 (1.20%) nginx
12 37 (1.05%) Umbraco
13 35 (1.00%) BizTalk Server
13 35 (1.00%) Oracle Workflow
13 35 (1.00%) WebSphere
14 32 (0.91%) EPiServer
15 30 (0.85%) Sitecore CMS
16 27 (0.77%) JBoss
17 25 (0.71%) Mule
18 23 (0.65%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 56 (1.59%) Microsoft Office
2 33 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 14 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
5 9 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.23%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.17%) Sketch
9 5 (0.14%) UXPin
10 4 (0.11%) Fireworks
11 2 (0.057%) Adobe After Effects
11 2 (0.057%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.057%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.057%) InDesign
12 1 (0.028%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.028%) ProjectWise
12 1 (0.028%) Revit
Business Applications
1 102 (2.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.71%) Remedy ITSM
3 22 (0.63%) Oracle ERP
4 15 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
5 14 (0.40%) nopCommerce
6 12 (0.34%) R3 Corda
7 11 (0.31%) Magento
7 11 (0.31%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 10 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
9 9 (0.26%) SAP CRM
10 7 (0.20%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.20%) Shopify
11 6 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
11 6 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
11 6 (0.17%) Sprinklr
12 5 (0.14%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
13 4 (0.11%) Eikon
13 4 (0.11%) Elite 3E
13 4 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,572 (44.74%) AWS
2 1,187 (33.78%) Azure
3 546 (15.54%) Serverless
4 506 (14.40%) GCP
5 272 (7.74%) SaaS
6 231 (6.57%) AWS Lambda
7 193 (5.49%) PaaS
8 186 (5.29%) Amazon EC2
9 163 (4.64%) Amazon ECS
10 129 (3.67%) Azure Active Directory
11 119 (3.39%) Azure Service Bus
12 114 (3.24%) Amazon S3
12 114 (3.24%) GitHub
13 98 (2.79%) Microsoft 365
14 97 (2.76%) Azure App Service
15 96 (2.73%) Azure Key Vault
16 94 (2.68%) Azure Service Fabric
17 89 (2.53%) IaaS
18 82 (2.33%) Power Platform
19 79 (2.25%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 148 (4.21%) Firewall
2 102 (2.90%) VPN
3 92 (2.62%) Internet
4 89 (2.53%) HTTP
5 73 (2.08%) IPv4
6 61 (1.74%) VLAN
7 59 (1.68%) OSPF
8 53 (1.51%) DNS
9 47 (1.34%) TCP/IP
10 46 (1.31%) SSL
11 28 (0.80%) Network Security
12 27 (0.77%) SAN
13 24 (0.68%) SMTP
14 23 (0.65%) Intrusion Detection
15 22 (0.63%) FTP
16 18 (0.51%) WAN
17 17 (0.48%) AMQP
18 16 (0.46%) LAN
19 13 (0.37%) DHCP
20 12 (0.34%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 772 (21.97%) SQL Server
2 419 (11.92%) MySQL
3 330 (9.39%) PostgreSQL
4 288 (8.20%) Relational Database
5 284 (8.08%) NoSQL
6 143 (4.07%) MongoDB
7 142 (4.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 113 (3.22%) Big Data
9 81 (2.31%) Redis
10 79 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
11 71 (2.02%) RDBMS
12 69 (1.96%) Amazon RDS
13 66 (1.88%) Hadoop
14 59 (1.68%) Amazon Aurora
15 55 (1.57%) Power BI
16 51 (1.45%) Azure SQL Database
16 51 (1.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 50 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
18 46 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
19 36 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 618 (17.59%) Git (software)
2 371 (10.56%) Jenkins
3 276 (7.85%) JIRA
4 198 (5.63%) Maven
5 157 (4.47%) Team Foundation Server
6 135 (3.84%) JUnit
7 132 (3.76%) Visual Studio
8 113 (3.22%) Visual Studio Team System
9 105 (2.99%) Selenium
10 103 (2.93%) GitLab
11 96 (2.73%) Subversion
12 68 (1.94%) Cucumber
13 65 (1.85%) Artifactory
14 62 (1.76%) SonarQube
15 58 (1.65%) Mockito
16 54 (1.54%) Bitbucket
17 50 (1.42%) TeamCity
18 47 (1.34%) IntelliJ
19 42 (1.20%) Mocha
20 41 (1.17%) webpack
General
1 962 (27.38%) Finance
2 234 (6.66%) Front Office
3 204 (5.81%) Banking
4 158 (4.50%) Public Sector
5 141 (4.01%) Marketing
6 123 (3.50%) Retail
7 93 (2.65%) Games
8 75 (2.13%) Telecoms
9 51 (1.45%) Back Office
10 48 (1.37%) Financial Institution
11 39 (1.11%) Law
11 39 (1.11%) Legal
12 34 (0.97%) Advertising
13 33 (0.94%) Investment Banking
14 32 (0.91%) Manufacturing
15 28 (0.80%) Electronics
16 23 (0.65%) Publishing
17 20 (0.57%) Local Government
18 17 (0.48%) Automotive
19 13 (0.37%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,191 (62.35%) Developer
2 535 (15.22%) Software Engineer
3 492 (14.00%) Senior Developer
4 441 (12.55%) .NET Developer
5 383 (10.90%) Java Developer
6 346 (9.85%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 339 (9.65%) C# Developer
8 277 (7.88%) AWS Engineer
9 223 (6.35%) React Developer
10 222 (6.32%) AWS Developer
11 194 (5.52%) C# .NET Developer
11 194 (5.52%) Python Developer
12 192 (5.46%) Full Stack Developer
13 171 (4.87%) Software Developer
14 167 (4.75%) Senior C# Developer
15 162 (4.61%) PHP Developer
16 160 (4.55%) AWS Software Engineer
17 158 (4.50%) Architect
18 151 (4.30%) Azure Developer
19 149 (4.24%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,092 (31.08%) .NET
2 840 (23.90%) React
3 773 (22.00%) CSS
4 741 (21.09%) HTML
5 677 (19.27%) AngularJS
6 650 (18.50%) REST
7 511 (14.54%) RESTful
8 459 (13.06%) SOAP
9 433 (12.32%) Spring
10 420 (11.95%) jQuery
11 413 (11.75%) .NET Core
12 388 (11.04%) ASP.NET
13 387 (11.01%) XML
14 343 (9.76%) .NET Framework
15 340 (9.68%) Node.js
16 324 (9.22%) ASP.NET Web API
17 319 (9.08%) Vue.js
18 300 (8.54%) JSON
19 243 (6.92%) HTML5
20 231 (6.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 256 (7.29%) Greenfield Project
2 224 (6.37%) Analytical Skills
3 213 (6.06%) Hedge funds
4 193 (5.49%) Derivative
5 186 (5.29%) Fixed Income
6 169 (4.81%) Equities
7 139 (3.96%) User Experience
8 133 (3.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 123 (3.50%) N-Tier
10 110 (3.13%) Mobile App
11 109 (3.10%) Blog
12 107 (3.04%) Public Cloud
13 104 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
14 97 (2.76%) NHS
15 86 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
16 62 (1.76%) Algorithms
16 62 (1.76%) Management Information System
17 61 (1.74%) Data Structures
18 56 (1.59%) Pricing Data
19 48 (1.37%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 485 (13.80%) Linux
2 303 (8.62%) Windows
3 169 (4.81%) Windows Server
4 115 (3.27%) Unix
5 81 (2.31%) Android
6 79 (2.25%) Ubuntu
7 77 (2.19%) CentOS
8 75 (2.13%) Apple iOS
9 72 (2.05%) Windows Server 2016
10 39 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 25 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.60%) Windows 10
13 20 (0.57%) Windows Server 2008
14 8 (0.23%) Debian
15 6 (0.17%) Kali Linux
16 5 (0.14%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.14%) Mac OS X
17 4 (0.11%) SUSE
17 4 (0.11%) VMS
18 3 (0.085%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,814 (51.62%) Agile Software Development
2 937 (26.66%) DevOps
3 930 (26.47%) Software Engineering
4 852 (24.25%) Microservices
5 568 (16.16%) TDD
6 503 (14.31%) MVC
7 465 (13.23%) Scrum
8 458 (13.03%) Test Automation
9 434 (12.35%) Asset Management
10 385 (10.96%) OO
11 373 (10.61%) Continuous Integration
12 354 (10.07%) Web Development
13 331 (9.42%) Problem-Solving
14 329 (9.36%) SOA
15 292 (8.31%) BDD
15 292 (8.31%) Migration
16 284 (8.08%) SDLC
17 270 (7.68%) Investment Management
18 256 (7.29%) Analytics
19 251 (7.14%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,580 (44.96%) JavaScript
2 1,103 (31.39%) SQL
3 1,094 (31.13%) Java
4 974 (27.72%) C#
5 850 (24.19%) Python
6 301 (8.57%) PHP
7 271 (7.71%) PowerShell
8 262 (7.46%) TypeScript
9 234 (6.66%) T-SQL
10 150 (4.27%) Bash Shell
11 118 (3.36%) Ruby
12 114 (3.24%) Java 8
13 79 (2.25%) Scala
14 75 (2.13%) Perl
15 70 (1.99%) R
16 68 (1.94%) Go
17 67 (1.91%) ES6
18 64 (1.82%) Kotlin
19 58 (1.65%) PL/SQL
20 52 (1.48%) C
Qualifications
1 357 (10.16%) Degree
2 156 (4.44%) Security Cleared
3 112 (3.19%) Computer Science Degree
4 96 (2.73%) SC Cleared
5 35 (1.00%) Oracle Certification
6 33 (0.94%) AWS Certification
7 32 (0.91%) ISTQB
8 31 (0.88%) GIAC
9 30 (0.85%) Master's Degree
10 29 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
11 24 (0.68%) CISSP
11 24 (0.68%) RHCE
12 23 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
13 20 (0.57%) ISEB
14 19 (0.54%) PhD
15 17 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
16 16 (0.46%) CISM
17 14 (0.40%) CCNA
18 12 (0.34%) OCP
19 11 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 152 (4.33%) QA
2 48 (1.37%) GDPR
3 33 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 31 (0.88%) NIST
5 30 (0.85%) Data Quality
6 25 (0.71%) SLA
7 23 (0.65%) PCI DSS
8 19 (0.54%) WAI
9 8 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
10 6 (0.17%) GRC
10 6 (0.17%) HL7
11 5 (0.14%) COBIT
11 5 (0.14%) WCAG
12 4 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 3 (0.085%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.085%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.085%) PMO
13 3 (0.085%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.057%) NIST 800
System Software
1 651 (18.53%) Docker
2 156 (4.44%) Active Directory
3 138 (3.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 90 (2.56%) VMware ESXi
5 30 (0.85%) Hyper-V
6 19 (0.54%) KVM
6 19 (0.54%) NDS
6 19 (0.54%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 19 (0.54%) vSphere
7 12 (0.34%) XenDesktop
8 9 (0.26%) HDFS
8 9 (0.26%) Postfix
9 6 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.14%) Snort
10 5 (0.14%) Squid
10 5 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.11%) Firmware
12 2 (0.057%) XenApp
13 1 (0.028%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 1 (0.028%) Xen
Systems Management
1 448 (12.75%) Kubernetes
2 342 (9.73%) Terraform
3 249 (7.09%) Ansible
4 196 (5.58%) Puppet
5 172 (4.89%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (1.37%) Prometheus
7 39 (1.11%) Grafana
8 28 (0.80%) Microsoft Clustering
9 21 (0.60%) SCOM
10 19 (0.54%) CFEngine
10 19 (0.54%) Demisto
11 18 (0.51%) HP UCMDB
12 16 (0.46%) Nessus
12 16 (0.46%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 14 (0.40%) Kibana
14 13 (0.37%) Jamf Pro
15 12 (0.34%) Microsoft Intune
15 12 (0.34%) NetBackup
15 12 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
16 11 (0.31%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 610 (17.36%) Microsoft
2 379 (10.79%) Oracle
3 274 (7.80%) Google
4 176 (5.01%) VMware
5 107 (3.04%) Salesforce.com
6 99 (2.82%) ServiceNow
7 88 (2.50%) Nintex
8 73 (2.08%) SAP
9 65 (1.85%) IBM
10 57 (1.62%) Red Hat
11 56 (1.59%) Sybase
12 54 (1.54%) Splunk
13 48 (1.37%) HP
14 44 (1.25%) Citrix
15 42 (1.20%) Cisco
16 33 (0.94%) Sitecore
17 32 (0.91%) Adobe
18 29 (0.83%) BMC
19 27 (0.77%) Xamarin
20 26 (0.74%) Remedy