Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 54 47 48
Rank change year-on-year -7 +1 -11
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 5,174 3,400 6,876
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.19% 5.22% 5.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.52% 12.91% 13.70%
Number of salaries quoted 3,520 2,956 5,685
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% +2.80%
75th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £118,125 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% +4.76%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 41,318 26,335 50,177
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.45% 40.42% 37.63%
Number of salaries quoted 27,454 22,272 42,128
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £39,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Salary trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 2,789 £85,000 +6.25% 331
South East -3 809 £50,000 - 89
North of England -16 531 £52,500 +5.00% 151
South West 0 482 £50,000 - 70
Midlands -9 312 £45,000 -5.26% 88
Yorkshire +15 248 £50,000 - 37
North West -30 229 £54,500 +9.00% 94
West Midlands +8 214 £45,000 -5.26% 58
East of England -23 159 £55,000 - 51
East Midlands -29 96 £45,000 -5.26% 30
North East -15 54 £52,500 +12.90% 20
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,744 (53.03%) Agile Software Development
2 2,484 (48.01%) AWS
3 2,321 (44.86%) JavaScript
4 1,699 (32.84%) Java
5 1,641 (31.72%) Software Engineering
6 1,507 (29.13%) SQL
7 1,456 (28.14%) Azure
8 1,413 (27.31%) React
9 1,394 (26.94%) Finance
10 1,377 (26.61%) Microservices
11 1,357 (26.23%) .NET
12 1,322 (25.55%) C#
13 1,312 (25.36%) Python
14 1,119 (21.63%) REST
15 1,092 (21.11%) DevOps
16 1,073 (20.74%) HTML
17 1,050 (20.29%) CSS
18 1,042 (20.14%) Docker
19 957 (18.50%) SQL Server
20 956 (18.48%) TDD
21 954 (18.44%) AngularJS
22 946 (18.28%) Git (software)
23 904 (17.47%) Serverless
24 873 (16.87%) Node.js
25 827 (15.98%) Microsoft
26 820 (15.85%) Scrum
27 794 (15.35%) Kubernetes
28 784 (15.15%) RESTful
29 756 (14.61%) Social Skills
30 741 (14.32%) GCP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (4.02%) Apache
2 187 (3.61%) Confluence
3 159 (3.07%) CMS
4 135 (2.61%) Elasticsearch
5 129 (2.49%) Tomcat
6 127 (2.45%) SharePoint
7 117 (2.26%) IIS
8 114 (2.20%) Apache Spark
9 62 (1.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 61 (1.18%) Cloud Foundry
11 58 (1.12%) nginx
12 44 (0.85%) EPiServer
12 44 (0.85%) Oracle Workflow
13 36 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
14 35 (0.68%) Umbraco
15 31 (0.60%) Apache Solr
16 30 (0.58%) WebSphere
17 28 (0.54%) Drupal
18 27 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
19 26 (0.50%) WordPress
Applications
1 57 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.27%) Photoshop
4 13 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.25%) Simulink
5 11 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
6 9 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 9 (0.17%) Sketch
6 9 (0.17%) UXPin
7 7 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.097%) Adobe After Effects
8 5 (0.097%) Adobe Premiere
8 5 (0.097%) InDesign
9 4 (0.077%) Fireworks
9 4 (0.077%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.039%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.019%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.019%) ProjectWise
11 1 (0.019%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 93 (1.80%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.58%) Remedy ITSM
3 20 (0.39%) Oracle ERP
4 17 (0.33%) SAP Business One
5 15 (0.29%) Shopify
6 13 (0.25%) R3 Corda
7 12 (0.23%) Magento
8 11 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
8 11 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
9 9 (0.17%) PeopleSoft HCM
10 8 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
10 8 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
11 7 (0.14%) NetSuite
11 7 (0.14%) Sentinel
12 6 (0.12%) Infor M3
13 4 (0.077%) Elite 3E
14 3 (0.058%) Adobe Campaign
14 3 (0.058%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 3 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 3 (0.058%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 2,484 (48.01%) AWS
2 1,456 (28.14%) Azure
3 904 (17.47%) Serverless
4 741 (14.32%) GCP
5 448 (8.66%) AWS Lambda
6 421 (8.14%) SaaS
7 383 (7.40%) GitHub
8 357 (6.90%) Amazon EC2
9 285 (5.51%) Amazon S3
10 255 (4.93%) Amazon ECS
11 236 (4.56%) PaaS
12 173 (3.34%) Cloud Computing
13 162 (3.13%) Amazon SQS
14 146 (2.82%) AWS Step Functions
15 143 (2.76%) Azure Service Bus
16 125 (2.42%) IaaS
17 119 (2.30%) Power Platform
18 112 (2.16%) Microsoft 365
19 104 (2.01%) Azure Active Directory
20 103 (1.99%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 247 (4.77%) HTTP
2 170 (3.29%) Firewall
3 142 (2.74%) VPN
4 140 (2.71%) Internet
5 91 (1.76%) DNS
6 84 (1.62%) IPv4
7 79 (1.53%) TCP/IP
8 71 (1.37%) SSL
9 67 (1.29%) OSPF
9 67 (1.29%) VLAN
10 33 (0.64%) SMTP
11 31 (0.60%) Network Security
12 27 (0.52%) AMQP
13 23 (0.44%) FTP
14 20 (0.39%) Broadband
14 20 (0.39%) Intrusion Detection
15 19 (0.37%) SAN
16 16 (0.31%) BGP
16 16 (0.31%) WAN
17 15 (0.29%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 957 (18.50%) SQL Server
2 645 (12.47%) MySQL
3 525 (10.15%) PostgreSQL
4 474 (9.16%) NoSQL
5 436 (8.43%) Relational Database
6 421 (8.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 334 (6.46%) MongoDB
8 236 (4.56%) Big Data
9 207 (4.00%) Amazon RDS
10 199 (3.85%) Redis
11 170 (3.29%) Amazon Aurora
12 138 (2.67%) Hadoop
13 115 (2.22%) Amazon Athena
14 111 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
14 111 (2.15%) MariaDB
15 90 (1.74%) RDBMS
16 73 (1.41%) Apache Ignite
17 72 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 66 (1.28%) HBase
18 66 (1.28%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 946 (18.28%) Git (software)
2 559 (10.80%) Jenkins
3 422 (8.16%) JIRA
4 241 (4.66%) Maven
5 238 (4.60%) JUnit
6 221 (4.27%) Selenium
7 177 (3.42%) Visual Studio
8 168 (3.25%) Team Foundation Server
9 162 (3.13%) GitLab
10 138 (2.67%) Cucumber
11 137 (2.65%) Subversion
12 127 (2.45%) webpack
13 113 (2.18%) Cypress.io
14 104 (2.01%) WebDriver
15 101 (1.95%) Mocha
16 97 (1.87%) Mockito
17 95 (1.84%) Visual Studio Team System
18 92 (1.78%) Artifactory
19 82 (1.58%) Gradle
19 82 (1.58%) SonarQube
General
1 1,394 (26.94%) Finance
2 756 (14.61%) Social Skills
3 407 (7.87%) Banking
4 370 (7.15%) Front Office
5 264 (5.10%) Analytical Skills
6 209 (4.04%) Marketing
7 206 (3.98%) Public Sector
8 198 (3.83%) Games
9 188 (3.63%) Retail
10 146 (2.82%) Law
11 125 (2.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 112 (2.16%) Presentation Skills
13 81 (1.57%) Back Office
14 79 (1.53%) Telecoms
15 73 (1.41%) Organisational Skills
16 71 (1.37%) Investment Banking
17 70 (1.35%) Financial Institution
18 51 (0.99%) Advertising
19 50 (0.97%) Legal
20 43 (0.83%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,883 (55.72%) Developer
2 988 (19.10%) Software Engineer
3 521 (10.07%) Senior Developer
4 508 (9.82%) Java Developer
5 472 (9.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 426 (8.23%) .NET Developer
7 346 (6.69%) AWS Engineer
8 326 (6.30%) C# Developer
9 312 (6.03%) React Developer
10 273 (5.28%) Architect
10 273 (5.28%) Software Developer
11 272 (5.26%) AWS Developer
12 261 (5.04%) Python Developer
13 250 (4.83%) Full Stack Developer
14 244 (4.72%) Python Engineer
15 213 (4.12%) Lead Developer
16 205 (3.96%) AWS Software Engineer
17 190 (3.67%) JavaScript Developer
17 190 (3.67%) Senior Software Engineer
18 181 (3.50%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,413 (27.31%) React
2 1,357 (26.23%) .NET
3 1,119 (21.63%) REST
4 1,073 (20.74%) HTML
5 1,050 (20.29%) CSS
6 954 (18.44%) AngularJS
7 873 (16.87%) Node.js
8 784 (15.15%) RESTful
9 672 (12.99%) SOAP
10 609 (11.77%) Spring
11 556 (10.75%) XML
12 513 (9.91%) .NET Core
13 490 (9.47%) JSON
14 455 (8.79%) ASP.NET
14 455 (8.79%) jQuery
15 444 (8.58%) HTML5
16 419 (8.10%) Vue.js
17 403 (7.79%) .NET Framework
18 323 (6.24%) ASP.NET Web API
19 293 (5.66%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 351 (6.78%) User Experience
2 323 (6.24%) Hedge funds
3 261 (5.04%) Greenfield Project
4 241 (4.66%) Fixed Income
5 222 (4.29%) Derivative
6 217 (4.19%) Enterprise Software
7 213 (4.12%) Equities
8 203 (3.92%) Mobile App
9 197 (3.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 176 (3.40%) Public Cloud
11 160 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
12 142 (2.74%) Legacy Systems
13 139 (2.69%) NHS
14 131 (2.53%) Pricing Data
15 106 (2.05%) Algorithms
16 88 (1.70%) Blog
17 85 (1.64%) Data Structures
18 79 (1.53%) N-Tier
19 72 (1.39%) Cloud Native
20 66 (1.28%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 731 (14.13%) Linux
2 373 (7.21%) Windows
3 246 (4.75%) Unix
4 223 (4.31%) Android
5 188 (3.63%) Apple iOS
6 171 (3.30%) Windows Server
7 79 (1.53%) Windows Server 2016
8 73 (1.41%) CentOS
9 72 (1.39%) Ubuntu
10 42 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 28 (0.54%) VMS
12 27 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
13 18 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
14 15 (0.29%) Windows 10
15 14 (0.27%) Fedora
15 14 (0.27%) Mesosphere
16 9 (0.17%) Kali Linux
17 8 (0.15%) Solaris
18 7 (0.14%) Mac OS X
19 6 (0.12%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,744 (53.03%) Agile Software Development
2 1,641 (31.72%) Software Engineering
3 1,377 (26.61%) Microservices
4 1,092 (21.11%) DevOps
5 956 (18.48%) TDD
6 820 (15.85%) Scrum
7 710 (13.72%) Test Automation
8 679 (13.12%) Asset Management
9 626 (12.10%) MVC
10 617 (11.93%) OO
11 572 (11.06%) Continuous Integration
12 503 (9.72%) Computer Science
13 455 (8.79%) BDD
14 446 (8.62%) Web Development
15 442 (8.54%) Problem-Solving
16 433 (8.37%) Investment Management
17 421 (8.14%) SDLC
18 399 (7.71%) Mentoring
19 387 (7.48%) Front End Development
20 357 (6.90%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,321 (44.86%) JavaScript
2 1,699 (32.84%) Java
3 1,507 (29.13%) SQL
4 1,322 (25.55%) C#
5 1,312 (25.36%) Python
6 706 (13.65%) TypeScript
7 384 (7.42%) PHP
8 272 (5.26%) PowerShell
9 256 (4.95%) T-SQL
10 211 (4.08%) Scala
11 183 (3.54%) Bash Shell
12 146 (2.82%) Ruby
13 138 (2.67%) Java 8
14 137 (2.65%) Kotlin
15 136 (2.63%) ES6
16 131 (2.53%) C++
17 122 (2.36%) Go
18 97 (1.87%) Clojure
19 95 (1.84%) Perl
20 82 (1.58%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 653 (12.62%) Degree
2 251 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 248 (4.79%) Security Cleared
4 180 (3.48%) SC Cleared
5 59 (1.14%) Oracle Certification
6 49 (0.95%) Master's Degree
7 46 (0.89%) AWS Certification
8 39 (0.75%) OCP
9 34 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
10 30 (0.58%) GIAC
10 30 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
11 28 (0.54%) RHCE
12 26 (0.50%) ISTQB
13 22 (0.43%) PhD
14 21 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
15 19 (0.37%) DBS Check
16 18 (0.35%) CISSP
17 15 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 12 (0.23%) CISM
19 11 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 343 (6.63%) QA
2 100 (1.93%) Accessibility
3 44 (0.85%) GDPR
4 39 (0.75%) Data Quality
4 39 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (0.58%) PCI DSS
6 25 (0.48%) SLA
7 10 (0.19%) GRC
8 8 (0.15%) NIST
9 7 (0.14%) HL7
9 7 (0.14%) IEC 62304
9 7 (0.14%) ISO 13485
10 6 (0.12%) WCAG
11 5 (0.097%) COBIT
11 5 (0.097%) WAI
12 4 (0.077%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.039%) CDISC
13 2 (0.039%) GxP
13 2 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,042 (20.14%) Docker
2 186 (3.59%) Active Directory
3 159 (3.07%) VMware Infrastructure
4 113 (2.18%) VMware ESXi
5 29 (0.56%) NDS
5 29 (0.56%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 28 (0.54%) HDFS
7 24 (0.46%) vSphere
8 22 (0.43%) Hyper-V
9 18 (0.35%) Postfix
10 17 (0.33%) KVM
11 12 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
12 11 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 11 (0.21%) etcd
13 8 (0.15%) Snort
13 8 (0.15%) Squid
13 8 (0.15%) XenDesktop
14 7 (0.14%) Ceph
15 6 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.097%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 794 (15.35%) Kubernetes
2 566 (10.94%) Terraform
3 356 (6.88%) Ansible
4 187 (3.61%) Puppet
5 184 (3.56%) Opscode Chef
6 125 (2.42%) Prometheus
7 106 (2.05%) Grafana
8 40 (0.77%) Microsoft Clustering
9 32 (0.62%) Istio
10 29 (0.56%) Kibana
11 27 (0.52%) Consul
11 27 (0.52%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 24 (0.46%) SCOM
13 20 (0.39%) HP UCMDB
14 19 (0.37%) Packer
15 17 (0.33%) CFEngine
15 17 (0.33%) Demisto
16 16 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
17 14 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
17 14 (0.27%) Jamf Pro
Vendors
1 827 (15.98%) Microsoft
2 457 (8.83%) Oracle
3 450 (8.70%) Google
4 232 (4.48%) VMware
5 108 (2.09%) SAP
6 104 (2.01%) Salesforce.com
7 103 (1.99%) ServiceNow
8 84 (1.62%) IBM
9 77 (1.49%) Splunk
10 64 (1.24%) Sybase
11 58 (1.12%) Red Hat
12 54 (1.04%) Nintex
13 50 (0.97%) Okta
14 48 (0.93%) HP
14 48 (0.93%) Xamarin
15 47 (0.91%) Apple
15 47 (0.91%) Citrix
16 45 (0.87%) Atlassian
17 39 (0.75%) Cisco
17 39 (0.75%) NetIQ