Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 46 46
Rank change year-on-year -13 0 -5
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 5,534 2,663 6,494
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.91% 5.33% 5.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.51% 12.17% 13.69%
Number of salaries quoted 3,711 2,236 5,468
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £70,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -3.57% +21.74% +4.55%
75th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £122,500 £128,750 £115,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £66,100 £57,500
% change year-on-year -1.66% +14.96% +4.55%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 44,226 21,889 47,445
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.21% 43.85% 38.19%
Number of salaries quoted 28,821 19,102 39,975
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,238 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £58,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.45% +5.45% +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Salary trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 30 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 3,096 £87,500 +6.06% 339
South East +5 809 £52,500 +5.00% 103
North of England -7 545 £52,500 +5.00% 172
South West +12 375 £50,000 -4.76% 61
Midlands -15 370 £47,500 -3.06% 90
North West -15 265 £57,500 +4.55% 102
West Midlands +4 261 £45,000 +5.88% 56
Yorkshire +4 240 £45,000 - 45
East of England -18 213 £50,000 -16.67% 54
East Midlands -57 92 £47,500 -5.00% 31
North East -25 40 £65,000 +46.89% 25
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 3,072 (55.51%) Agile Software Development
2 2,615 (47.25%) AWS
3 2,449 (44.25%) JavaScript
4 1,873 (33.85%) Software Engineering
5 1,851 (33.45%) Java
6 1,648 (29.78%) SQL
7 1,620 (29.27%) Finance
8 1,619 (29.26%) Azure
9 1,479 (26.73%) React
10 1,359 (24.56%) Python
11 1,346 (24.32%) Full Stack Development
12 1,321 (23.87%) .NET
13 1,320 (23.85%) C#
14 1,273 (23.00%) Microservices
15 1,217 (21.99%) DevOps
16 1,171 (21.16%) Docker
17 1,122 (20.27%) REST
18 1,085 (19.61%) Social Skills
19 1,067 (19.28%) HTML
20 1,046 (18.90%) Kubernetes
21 1,045 (18.88%) CSS
22 999 (18.05%) TDD
23 981 (17.73%) TypeScript
23 981 (17.73%) AngularJS
24 979 (17.69%) SQL Server
25 973 (17.58%) Serverless
26 970 (17.53%) Git (software)
27 955 (17.26%) RESTful
28 941 (17.00%) Node.js
29 856 (15.47%) Asset Management

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (3.74%) CMS
2 187 (3.38%) Confluence
3 182 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
4 177 (3.20%) Apache
5 112 (2.02%) IIS
5 112 (2.02%) Tomcat
6 90 (1.63%) Apache Spark
7 69 (1.25%) SharePoint
8 60 (1.08%) EPiServer
9 58 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
10 47 (0.85%) Mule
11 46 (0.83%) nginx
12 33 (0.60%) Anypoint
12 33 (0.60%) Mule ESB
13 32 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
14 30 (0.54%) Drupal
14 30 (0.54%) Jupyter
15 26 (0.47%) Apache Solr
16 23 (0.42%) WordPress
17 19 (0.34%) OpenStack
Applications
1 73 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.33%) MS Visio
4 16 (0.29%) Simulink
5 12 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.11%) InVision
6 6 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.11%) Sketch
7 5 (0.090%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.090%) Figma
8 4 (0.072%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.054%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.054%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.054%) OmniGraffle
10 2 (0.036%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.036%) Zeplin
11 1 (0.018%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.018%) FrameMaker
11 1 (0.018%) InDesign
11 1 (0.018%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 75 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.58%) NetSuite
3 24 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
4 23 (0.42%) R3 Corda
4 23 (0.42%) SAP Business One
5 22 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
5 22 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
6 17 (0.31%) Magento
7 16 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
8 12 (0.22%) Shopify
9 9 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
9 9 (0.16%) Infor M3
10 8 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
12 5 (0.090%) Elite 3E
12 5 (0.090%) osCommerce
13 3 (0.054%) SAP ERP
13 3 (0.054%) SAP FI
14 2 (0.036%) SAP FI/CO
14 2 (0.036%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 2,615 (47.25%) AWS
2 1,619 (29.26%) Azure
3 973 (17.58%) Serverless
4 777 (14.04%) GCP
5 577 (10.43%) AWS Lambda
6 440 (7.95%) GitHub
7 414 (7.48%) SaaS
8 402 (7.26%) Amazon EC2
9 367 (6.63%) Amazon S3
10 292 (5.28%) Amazon ECS
11 213 (3.85%) Amazon SQS
12 176 (3.18%) AWS Step Functions
13 164 (2.96%) PaaS
14 154 (2.78%) Cloud Computing
15 146 (2.64%) OpenShift
16 132 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
17 121 (2.19%) Power Platform
18 120 (2.17%) Azure Service Bus
19 112 (2.02%) Amazon Kinesis
20 84 (1.52%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 261 (4.72%) HTTP
2 103 (1.86%) Firewall
3 102 (1.84%) Kerberos
4 98 (1.77%) Internet
5 71 (1.28%) VPN
6 70 (1.26%) DNS
7 67 (1.21%) TCP/IP
8 52 (0.94%) SSL
9 38 (0.69%) Broadband
10 35 (0.63%) Skype
11 29 (0.52%) NFC
12 25 (0.45%) 5G
13 23 (0.42%) IPv6
14 20 (0.36%) VLAN
15 18 (0.33%) IPv4
16 17 (0.31%) FTP
16 17 (0.31%) SAN
16 17 (0.31%) WAN
17 16 (0.29%) LTE
17 16 (0.29%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 979 (17.69%) SQL Server
2 553 (9.99%) MySQL
3 486 (8.78%) NoSQL
4 439 (7.93%) Relational Database
5 419 (7.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 392 (7.08%) PostgreSQL
7 335 (6.05%) MongoDB
8 281 (5.08%) Amazon RDS
9 221 (3.99%) Big Data
10 204 (3.69%) Amazon Athena
11 181 (3.27%) Amazon Aurora
12 172 (3.11%) Redis
13 113 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
14 102 (1.84%) Hadoop
15 95 (1.72%) Apache Ignite
15 95 (1.72%) Power BI
16 90 (1.63%) MariaDB
17 78 (1.41%) Amazon Redshift
17 78 (1.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 77 (1.39%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 970 (17.53%) Git (software)
2 751 (13.57%) Jenkins
3 460 (8.31%) JIRA
4 275 (4.97%) Maven
5 249 (4.50%) Selenium
6 205 (3.70%) JUnit
7 191 (3.45%) GitLab
8 166 (3.00%) Team Foundation Server
9 145 (2.62%) Visual Studio
10 140 (2.53%) Cucumber
11 121 (2.19%) Subversion
12 118 (2.13%) Artifactory
13 113 (2.04%) TeamCity
14 112 (2.02%) webpack
15 103 (1.86%) Mockito
16 100 (1.81%) Cypress.io
17 98 (1.77%) Octopus Deploy
18 96 (1.73%) WebDriver
19 89 (1.61%) JMeter
20 79 (1.43%) Postman
General
1 1,620 (29.27%) Finance
2 1,085 (19.61%) Social Skills
3 549 (9.92%) Front Office
4 450 (8.13%) Banking
5 271 (4.90%) Analytical Skills
6 248 (4.48%) Retail
7 209 (3.78%) Law
7 209 (3.78%) Marketing
8 168 (3.04%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 159 (2.87%) Public Sector
10 135 (2.44%) Games
11 128 (2.31%) Presentation Skills
12 97 (1.75%) Telecoms
13 79 (1.43%) Organisational Skills
14 78 (1.41%) Investment Banking
15 65 (1.17%) Legal
16 63 (1.14%) Advertising
17 62 (1.12%) Back Office
18 54 (0.98%) Financial Institution
19 51 (0.92%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,941 (53.14%) Developer
2 1,287 (23.26%) Software Engineer
3 616 (11.13%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 520 (9.40%) Senior Developer
5 513 (9.27%) Java Developer
6 428 (7.73%) .NET Developer
7 417 (7.54%) AWS Engineer
8 388 (7.01%) Architect
9 359 (6.49%) Python Engineer
10 350 (6.32%) Python Developer
11 337 (6.09%) React Developer
12 321 (5.80%) Full Stack Developer
13 316 (5.71%) Senior Software Engineer
14 312 (5.64%) Lead Developer
14 312 (5.64%) Software Developer
15 285 (5.15%) AWS Developer
16 259 (4.68%) Python Software Engineer
17 238 (4.30%) AWS Software Engineer
18 231 (4.17%) C# Developer
19 211 (3.81%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,479 (26.73%) React
2 1,321 (23.87%) .NET
3 1,122 (20.27%) REST
4 1,067 (19.28%) HTML
5 1,045 (18.88%) CSS
6 981 (17.73%) AngularJS
7 955 (17.26%) RESTful
8 941 (17.00%) Node.js
9 734 (13.26%) SOAP
10 615 (11.11%) XML
11 578 (10.44%) Spring
12 563 (10.17%) JSON
13 479 (8.66%) ASP.NET
14 459 (8.29%) jQuery
15 435 (7.86%) Spring Boot
16 429 (7.75%) .NET Framework
17 403 (7.28%) .NET Core
18 402 (7.26%) HTML5
19 391 (7.07%) Vue.js
20 336 (6.07%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 420 (7.59%) Hedge funds
2 387 (6.99%) User Experience
3 353 (6.38%) Equities
4 288 (5.20%) Enterprise Software
5 281 (5.08%) Fixed Income
6 264 (4.77%) Algorithms
7 258 (4.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 241 (4.35%) Greenfield Project
9 236 (4.26%) Derivative
10 209 (3.78%) Mobile App
11 191 (3.45%) Self-Motivation
12 141 (2.55%) Pricing Data
13 136 (2.46%) Data Structures
14 132 (2.39%) Public Cloud
15 109 (1.97%) Cloud Native
16 98 (1.77%) Client/Server
17 76 (1.37%) Life Science
17 76 (1.37%) NHS
18 74 (1.34%) Blog
19 66 (1.19%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 562 (10.16%) Linux
2 440 (7.95%) Windows
3 233 (4.21%) Android
4 217 (3.92%) Apple iOS
5 192 (3.47%) Unix
6 119 (2.15%) Windows Server
7 37 (0.67%) Ubuntu
8 29 (0.52%) Windows Server 2016
9 25 (0.45%) Mesosphere
9 25 (0.45%) VMS
10 22 (0.40%) CentOS
10 22 (0.40%) Mac OS
11 21 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 19 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 19 (0.34%) Windows 10
13 12 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.20%) Fedora
15 9 (0.16%) CoreOS
16 8 (0.14%) Solaris
17 7 (0.13%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,072 (55.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1,873 (33.85%) Software Engineering
3 1,346 (24.32%) Full Stack Development
4 1,273 (23.00%) Microservices
5 1,217 (21.99%) DevOps
6 999 (18.05%) TDD
7 856 (15.47%) Asset Management
8 807 (14.58%) Scrum
9 806 (14.56%) Test Automation
10 707 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
11 687 (12.41%) MVC
12 605 (10.93%) Investment Management
13 601 (10.86%) Computer Science
14 599 (10.82%) OO
15 598 (10.81%) Continuous Integration
16 539 (9.74%) Analytics
17 451 (8.15%) Mentoring
18 416 (7.52%) SDLC
19 395 (7.14%) Unit Testing
20 387 (6.99%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2,449 (44.25%) JavaScript
2 1,851 (33.45%) Java
3 1,648 (29.78%) SQL
4 1,359 (24.56%) Python
5 1,320 (23.85%) C#
6 981 (17.73%) TypeScript
7 411 (7.43%) PHP
8 265 (4.79%) T-SQL
9 255 (4.61%) Java 8
10 221 (3.99%) Scala
11 181 (3.27%) Kotlin
12 175 (3.16%) Go
13 143 (2.58%) Bash Shell
14 136 (2.46%) PowerShell
15 128 (2.31%) C++
16 120 (2.17%) Clojure
17 106 (1.92%) ES6
18 85 (1.54%) VB.NET
19 82 (1.48%) Ruby
20 70 (1.26%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 817 (14.76%) Degree
2 299 (5.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 179 (3.23%) Security Cleared
4 159 (2.87%) SC Cleared
5 73 (1.32%) AWS Certification
6 56 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
7 35 (0.63%) Master's Degree
8 25 (0.45%) Oracle Certification
9 24 (0.43%) OCP
10 21 (0.38%) ISTQB
10 21 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
11 20 (0.36%) DBS Check
12 19 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
13 14 (0.25%) PhD
14 13 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
15 11 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
15 11 (0.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 10 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 7 (0.13%) ISEB
17 7 (0.13%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 588 (10.63%) QA
2 87 (1.57%) Accessibility
3 72 (1.30%) SLA
4 48 (0.87%) Data Quality
5 21 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.27%) GDPR
7 14 (0.25%) IEC 62304
7 14 (0.25%) ISO 13485
8 11 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.11%) COBIT
9 6 (0.11%) Def Stans
9 6 (0.11%) HL7
9 6 (0.11%) MISRA
10 5 (0.090%) GRC
11 3 (0.054%) DICOM
11 3 (0.054%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.054%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.036%) CDISC
12 2 (0.036%) GxP
12 2 (0.036%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,171 (21.16%) Docker
2 177 (3.20%) Active Directory
3 87 (1.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
5 24 (0.43%) Postfix
6 22 (0.40%) HDFS
7 20 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 18 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
9 17 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 8 (0.14%) etcd
10 8 (0.14%) vSphere
11 5 (0.090%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.072%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 4 (0.072%) Virtual Machines
13 3 (0.054%) Snort
13 3 (0.054%) Squid
13 3 (0.054%) VMware NSX
14 2 (0.036%) Apache Flume
14 2 (0.036%) Ceph
15 1 (0.018%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 1,046 (18.90%) Kubernetes
2 691 (12.49%) Terraform
3 360 (6.51%) Ansible
4 173 (3.13%) Prometheus
5 158 (2.86%) Grafana
6 130 (2.35%) Opscode Chef
7 92 (1.66%) Puppet
8 46 (0.83%) Kibana
9 42 (0.76%) Istio
9 42 (0.76%) Microsoft Clustering
10 36 (0.65%) Consul
11 30 (0.54%) logstash
12 26 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
13 25 (0.45%) Automic
14 21 (0.38%) Kubeflow
15 17 (0.31%) Apache Brooklyn
16 16 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
16 16 (0.29%) SCOM
17 15 (0.27%) SCCM
18 13 (0.23%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 745 (13.46%) Microsoft
2 479 (8.66%) Google
3 310 (5.60%) Oracle
4 157 (2.84%) VMware
5 143 (2.58%) SAP
6 125 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
7 91 (1.64%) Xamarin
8 79 (1.43%) Apple
9 71 (1.28%) Atlassian
9 71 (1.28%) ServiceNow
10 68 (1.23%) Splunk
11 66 (1.19%) MuleSoft
12 55 (0.99%) IBM
13 47 (0.85%) Okta
14 41 (0.74%) Zend
15 40 (0.72%) Cisco
15 40 (0.72%) Cognizant
16 39 (0.70%) Citrix
17 34 (0.61%) HP
18 33 (0.60%) Sage