Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 53 30 53
Rank change year-on-year -23 +23 -5
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 3,059 1,666 2,902
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 6.25% 7.92% 5.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.08% 17.41% 13.28%
Number of salaries quoted 1,993 1,462 2,384
10th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
25th Percentile £64,000 £65,000 £55,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £90,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year -5.56% +24.14% +11.54%
75th Percentile £110,000 £118,750 £95,000
90th Percentile £132,500 £142,500 £122,500
England median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -7.14% +27.27% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,395 9,567 21,859
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 47.79% 45.47% 38.94%
Number of salaries quoted 13,279 8,136 18,393
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £40,000
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £115,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +6.80%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Salary trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 322 £75,000 +7.14% 84
West London -36 78 £64,000 +34.74% 22
South London -14 56 £72,500 +5.45% 11
East London +3 18 £57,500 -30.30% 12
North London -14 2 £50,000 -13.04% 3
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,845 (60.31%) Agile Software Development
2 1,835 (59.99%) AWS
3 1,483 (48.48%) JavaScript
4 1,311 (42.86%) Software Engineering
5 1,242 (40.60%) Finance
6 1,170 (38.25%) Java
7 1,121 (36.65%) Python
8 1,033 (33.77%) React
9 923 (30.17%) Microservices
10 885 (28.93%) SQL
11 884 (28.90%) Serverless
12 859 (28.08%) Azure
13 817 (26.71%) Docker
14 807 (26.38%) Asset Management
15 778 (25.43%) Kubernetes
16 693 (22.65%) Full Stack Development
17 671 (21.94%) Node.js
18 651 (21.28%) GCP
19 644 (21.05%) REST
20 642 (20.99%) TypeScript
21 638 (20.86%) DevOps
22 605 (19.78%) AngularJS
23 584 (19.09%) TDD
24 581 (18.99%) .NET
25 556 (18.18%) C#
26 531 (17.36%) Terraform
26 531 (17.36%) AWS Lambda
27 527 (17.23%) Investment Management
28 509 (16.64%) Git (software)
29 504 (16.48%) Test Automation

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 161 (5.26%) Apache
2 114 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
3 97 (3.17%) CMS
4 79 (2.58%) Confluence
5 69 (2.26%) Tomcat
6 64 (2.09%) SharePoint
7 41 (1.34%) Apache Spark
8 37 (1.21%) IIS
9 36 (1.18%) Apache Airflow
10 28 (0.92%) Apache Solr
10 28 (0.92%) nginx
11 22 (0.72%) Apache TomEE
11 22 (0.72%) Mule
12 21 (0.69%) Drupal
13 17 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 13 (0.42%) Mule ESB
15 12 (0.39%) Headless CMS
15 12 (0.39%) Hyperledger
16 11 (0.36%) Anypoint
16 11 (0.36%) Jetty
Applications
1 34 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (0.20%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.20%) UXPin
4 4 (0.13%) Adobe XD
5 3 (0.098%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.065%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.065%) Figma
6 2 (0.065%) Fireworks
6 2 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.065%) Sketch
7 1 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 45 (1.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.75%) R3 Corda
3 22 (0.72%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
5 9 (0.29%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.20%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.13%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 3 (0.098%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 3 (0.098%) Remedy ITSM
9 3 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.098%) SAP R/3
9 3 (0.098%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.065%) Elite 3E
10 2 (0.065%) Magento
10 2 (0.065%) Payment Gateway
10 2 (0.065%) SAP IBP
11 1 (0.033%) Remedy AR System
11 1 (0.033%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,835 (59.99%) AWS
2 884 (28.90%) Serverless
3 859 (28.08%) Azure
4 651 (21.28%) GCP
5 531 (17.36%) AWS Lambda
6 352 (11.51%) Amazon S3
7 341 (11.15%) Amazon EC2
8 316 (10.33%) GitHub
9 282 (9.22%) Amazon ECS
10 225 (7.36%) SaaS
11 210 (6.86%) Amazon SQS
12 198 (6.47%) AWS Step Functions
13 99 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
14 92 (3.01%) PaaS
15 71 (2.32%) Cloud Computing
16 66 (2.16%) Power Platform
17 64 (2.09%) npm
18 56 (1.83%) Azure Active Directory
19 51 (1.67%) Amazon Kinesis
20 50 (1.63%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 199 (6.51%) HTTP
2 50 (1.63%) Internet
2 50 (1.63%) TCP/IP
3 41 (1.34%) Firewall
4 30 (0.98%) Broadband
4 30 (0.98%) DNS
5 22 (0.72%) AMQP
6 21 (0.69%) SSL
7 16 (0.52%) WebEx
8 14 (0.46%) VPN
9 13 (0.42%) Network Security
9 13 (0.42%) NFC
10 10 (0.33%) 5G
11 9 (0.29%) SMS
11 9 (0.29%) Wireshark
12 8 (0.26%) WAN
13 7 (0.23%) SMTP
14 6 (0.20%) Software-Defined Networking
14 6 (0.20%) SSH
15 5 (0.16%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 414 (13.53%) SQL Server
2 408 (13.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 363 (11.87%) PostgreSQL
4 302 (9.87%) MySQL
5 272 (8.89%) NoSQL
6 251 (8.21%) Amazon RDS
7 248 (8.11%) Relational Database
8 247 (8.07%) MongoDB
9 192 (6.28%) Amazon Aurora
10 178 (5.82%) Amazon Athena
11 124 (4.05%) Redis
12 118 (3.86%) Big Data
13 98 (3.20%) Apache Ignite
14 77 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
15 69 (2.26%) Hadoop
16 66 (2.16%) RDBMS
17 53 (1.73%) Blockchain
18 50 (1.63%) Power BI
19 40 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
20 39 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 509 (16.64%) Git (software)
2 340 (11.11%) Jenkins
3 183 (5.98%) JIRA
4 162 (5.30%) GitLab
5 149 (4.87%) JUnit
6 127 (4.15%) Selenium
7 126 (4.12%) webpack
8 122 (3.99%) Maven
9 98 (3.20%) Artifactory
10 91 (2.97%) Mocha
11 77 (2.52%) Mockito
12 75 (2.45%) Cypress.io
12 75 (2.45%) WebDriver
13 74 (2.42%) SonarQube
13 74 (2.42%) Team Foundation Server
14 73 (2.39%) TeamCity
15 69 (2.26%) Postman
16 62 (2.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 56 (1.83%) Cucumber
18 49 (1.60%) JMeter
General
1 1,242 (40.60%) Finance
2 497 (16.25%) Social Skills
3 457 (14.94%) Front Office
4 346 (11.31%) Banking
5 144 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
6 142 (4.64%) Games
7 129 (4.22%) Retail
8 105 (3.43%) Public Sector
9 96 (3.14%) Marketing
10 86 (2.81%) Investment Banking
11 57 (1.86%) Advertising
12 49 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
13 46 (1.50%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 43 (1.41%) Law
15 42 (1.37%) Financial Institution
16 40 (1.31%) Back Office
17 32 (1.05%) Telecoms
18 28 (0.92%) Influencing Skills
19 27 (0.88%) Legal
20 23 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,704 (55.70%) Developer
2 884 (28.90%) Software Engineer
3 544 (17.78%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 326 (10.66%) React Developer
5 314 (10.26%) AWS Engineer
6 310 (10.13%) Java Developer
7 294 (9.61%) Senior Developer
8 288 (9.41%) Python Engineer
9 281 (9.19%) Python Developer
10 256 (8.37%) AWS Developer
11 218 (7.13%) Python Software Engineer
12 202 (6.60%) AWS Software Engineer
13 157 (5.13%) Architect
14 153 (5.00%) Java Engineer
15 151 (4.94%) Senior Software Engineer
16 147 (4.81%) .NET Developer
17 137 (4.48%) Full Stack Developer
18 131 (4.28%) Java Software Engineer
19 130 (4.25%) JavaScript Developer
20 129 (4.22%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,033 (33.77%) React
2 671 (21.94%) Node.js
3 644 (21.05%) REST
4 605 (19.78%) AngularJS
5 581 (18.99%) .NET
6 448 (14.65%) HTML
7 444 (14.51%) CSS
8 392 (12.81%) RESTful
9 307 (10.04%) Vue.js
10 300 (9.81%) Spring
11 294 (9.61%) SOAP
12 291 (9.51%) JSON
13 257 (8.40%) Material-UI
14 248 (8.11%) HTML5
15 213 (6.96%) XML
16 212 (6.93%) .NET Core
17 203 (6.64%) Kafka
18 196 (6.41%) Spring Boot
19 190 (6.21%) React Native
20 157 (5.13%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 373 (12.19%) Hedge funds
2 256 (8.37%) Equities
3 250 (8.17%) Fixed Income
4 224 (7.32%) Derivative
5 206 (6.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 202 (6.60%) User Experience
7 156 (5.10%) Greenfield Project
8 151 (4.94%) Pricing Data
9 131 (4.28%) Self-Motivation
10 129 (4.22%) Mobile App
11 128 (4.18%) Enterprise Software
12 110 (3.60%) Algorithms
13 81 (2.65%) Blog
14 77 (2.52%) NHS
15 75 (2.45%) Data Structures
16 61 (1.99%) Virtual Team
17 56 (1.83%) Legacy Systems
18 55 (1.80%) Cloud Native
19 45 (1.47%) Public Cloud
19 45 (1.47%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 222 (7.26%) Linux
2 154 (5.03%) Android
3 139 (4.54%) Windows
4 121 (3.96%) Apple iOS
5 71 (2.32%) Unix
6 38 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.82%) Mesosphere
8 14 (0.46%) Ubuntu
9 11 (0.36%) CentOS
9 11 (0.36%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.29%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.20%) tvOS
12 5 (0.16%) Kali Linux
12 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.13%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.13%) Tizen
13 4 (0.13%) webOS
14 3 (0.098%) VMS
14 3 (0.098%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.098%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,845 (60.31%) Agile Software Development
2 1,311 (42.86%) Software Engineering
3 923 (30.17%) Microservices
4 807 (26.38%) Asset Management
5 693 (22.65%) Full Stack Development
6 638 (20.86%) DevOps
7 584 (19.09%) TDD
8 527 (17.23%) Investment Management
9 504 (16.48%) Test Automation
10 394 (12.88%) Continuous Integration
11 343 (11.21%) Scrum
12 332 (10.85%) Problem-Solving
13 312 (10.20%) Analytics
14 306 (10.00%) Computer Science
14 306 (10.00%) OO
15 294 (9.61%) Front End Development
16 277 (9.06%) Mentoring
17 275 (8.99%) BDD
18 223 (7.29%) Artificial Intelligence
19 213 (6.96%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,483 (48.48%) JavaScript
2 1,170 (38.25%) Java
3 1,121 (36.65%) Python
4 885 (28.93%) SQL
5 642 (20.99%) TypeScript
6 556 (18.18%) C#
7 211 (6.90%) Scala
8 151 (4.94%) Kotlin
9 124 (4.05%) Clojure
10 117 (3.82%) Go
11 112 (3.66%) ES6
12 104 (3.40%) PHP
13 102 (3.33%) T-SQL
14 95 (3.11%) Java 8
15 93 (3.04%) PowerShell
16 86 (2.81%) Ruby
17 68 (2.22%) Bash Shell
18 56 (1.83%) R
19 44 (1.44%) ES7
20 42 (1.37%) Perl
Qualifications
1 367 (12.00%) Degree
2 179 (5.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 73 (2.39%) Security Cleared
4 53 (1.73%) SC Cleared
5 43 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
6 36 (1.18%) Master's Degree
7 21 (0.69%) AWS Certification
8 17 (0.56%) Oracle Certification
9 16 (0.52%) DBS Check
10 13 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
11 6 (0.20%) CISSP
11 6 (0.20%) OCP
11 6 (0.20%) SAFe Agilist
12 5 (0.16%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.13%) CISM
13 4 (0.13%) ISEB
13 4 (0.13%) PhD
14 3 (0.098%) IISP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (9.61%) QA
2 70 (2.29%) Accessibility
3 19 (0.62%) GDPR
4 16 (0.52%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.46%) SLA
6 13 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.16%) COBIT
8 5 (0.16%) HL7
9 3 (0.098%) WCAG
10 2 (0.065%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.065%) WAI
11 1 (0.033%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.033%) NCSC
11 1 (0.033%) NIST
11 1 (0.033%) NIST 800
System Software
1 817 (26.71%) Docker
2 55 (1.80%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.69%) Postfix
5 11 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 11 (0.36%) etcd
5 11 (0.36%) Hyper-V
6 9 (0.29%) HDFS
7 8 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
7 8 (0.26%) vSphere
8 7 (0.23%) Ceph
9 5 (0.16%) Snort
9 5 (0.16%) Squid
10 4 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 2 (0.065%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.065%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.065%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 778 (25.43%) Kubernetes
2 531 (17.36%) Terraform
3 171 (5.59%) Prometheus
4 130 (4.25%) Grafana
5 123 (4.02%) Ansible
6 81 (2.65%) Opscode Chef
7 52 (1.70%) Puppet
8 38 (1.24%) Consul
9 32 (1.05%) Istio
10 31 (1.01%) Kibana
11 25 (0.82%) Automic
12 17 (0.56%) logstash
13 14 (0.46%) Kubeflow
13 14 (0.46%) Packer
14 12 (0.39%) SCOM
15 10 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
15 10 (0.33%) Microsoft Intune
16 7 (0.23%) Galera Cluster
17 5 (0.16%) AirWatch
17 5 (0.16%) Nexpose
Vendors
1 353 (11.54%) Google
2 262 (8.56%) Microsoft
3 145 (4.74%) Oracle
4 62 (2.03%) Splunk
5 54 (1.77%) Salesforce.com
6 53 (1.73%) Apple
7 48 (1.57%) SAP
8 45 (1.47%) Atlassian
9 36 (1.18%) Sybase
10 30 (0.98%) VMware
11 28 (0.92%) IBM
12 26 (0.85%) MuleSoft
12 26 (0.85%) Nintex
13 25 (0.82%) ServiceNow
14 22 (0.72%) LexisNexis
15 18 (0.59%) Adobe
16 16 (0.52%) Xamarin
17 15 (0.49%) BT
17 15 (0.49%) Cisco
18 14 (0.46%) Reuters