Period
to 18 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
18 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 47 51
Rank change year-on-year -3 +4 -5
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 2,424 1,943 3,042
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 6.20% 5.67% 5.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.24% 13.69% 13.52%
Number of salaries quoted 1,700 1,692 2,437
10th Percentile £52,500 £47,775 £42,500
25th Percentile £63,750 £61,250 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £80,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.25% +18.52% +8.00%
75th Percentile £103,750 £115,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £126,250 £135,000 £105,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% +4.76%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,311 14,192 22,497
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 46.83% 41.42% 39.12%
Number of salaries quoted 11,670 11,801 18,901
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,000 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £71,925 £70,000 £66,500
Median % change year-on-year +2.75% +5.26% +6.40%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £96,250
England median annual salary £57,500 £56,500 £53,000
% change year-on-year +1.77% +6.60% +6.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Salary trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 18 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +18 308 £75,000 +11.11% 91
West London +11 63 £65,000 +4.00% 30
South London 0 59 £72,500 +9.43% 13
East London +9 4 £60,000 - 13
North London +15 3 £45,000 -21.74%
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 18 June 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,418 (58.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,367 (56.39%) AWS
3 1,170 (48.27%) JavaScript
4 1,010 (41.67%) Software Engineering
5 924 (38.12%) Finance
6 883 (36.43%) Java
7 836 (34.49%) Python
8 818 (33.75%) Microservices
9 799 (32.96%) React
10 698 (28.80%) SQL
11 663 (27.35%) Serverless
12 662 (27.31%) Azure
13 629 (25.95%) .NET
14 585 (24.13%) DevOps
15 575 (23.72%) Asset Management
16 549 (22.65%) C#
17 547 (22.57%) Docker
18 507 (20.92%) REST
19 490 (20.21%) AngularJS
20 470 (19.39%) GCP
21 466 (19.22%) Kubernetes
22 408 (16.83%) Node.js
23 394 (16.25%) TDD
24 390 (16.09%) Test Automation
25 385 (15.88%) SQL Server
26 366 (15.10%) CSS
26 366 (15.10%) Git (software)
27 362 (14.93%) Investment Management
28 348 (14.36%) TypeScript
29 345 (14.23%) Terraform

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (5.24%) Apache
2 100 (4.13%) SharePoint
3 69 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
4 61 (2.52%) Tomcat
5 54 (2.23%) Confluence
6 45 (1.86%) CMS
7 40 (1.65%) Apache Spark
8 28 (1.16%) IIS
9 25 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 24 (0.99%) nginx
11 22 (0.91%) Apache TomEE
12 20 (0.83%) Apache Solr
13 19 (0.78%) Drupal
14 17 (0.70%) WebSphere
15 14 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
16 12 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
16 12 (0.50%) WebSphere Application Server
17 9 (0.37%) Jetty
17 9 (0.37%) OpenStack
18 8 (0.33%) Umbraco
Applications
1 29 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.37%) UXPin
4 4 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.17%) Fireworks
4 4 (0.17%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.17%) Sketch
5 3 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.12%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.083%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.041%) Figma
Business Applications
1 67 (2.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (1.07%) Oracle ERP
3 13 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.50%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 9 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.12%) R3 Corda
7 3 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.083%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.083%) Magento
8 2 (0.083%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.083%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.083%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.083%) SAP R/3
8 2 (0.083%) Sentinel
9 1 (0.041%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.041%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.041%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,367 (56.39%) AWS
2 663 (27.35%) Serverless
3 662 (27.31%) Azure
4 470 (19.39%) GCP
5 307 (12.67%) AWS Lambda
6 223 (9.20%) Amazon EC2
7 202 (8.33%) SaaS
8 197 (8.13%) Amazon S3
9 187 (7.71%) Amazon ECS
10 183 (7.55%) GitHub
11 121 (4.99%) PaaS
12 120 (4.95%) Amazon SQS
13 107 (4.41%) AWS Step Functions
14 103 (4.25%) Azure Active Directory
15 101 (4.17%) Azure Service Bus
16 89 (3.67%) Azure App Service
17 88 (3.63%) Azure Service Fabric
18 75 (3.09%) Azure Functions
19 63 (2.60%) Azure Key Vault
20 59 (2.43%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 122 (5.03%) HTTP
2 38 (1.57%) Firewall
3 36 (1.49%) Internet
4 27 (1.11%) TCP/IP
5 24 (0.99%) DNS
5 24 (0.99%) SSL
6 23 (0.95%) AMQP
7 22 (0.91%) VPN
8 20 (0.83%) Intrusion Detection
9 17 (0.70%) Network Security
10 11 (0.45%) SMTP
11 10 (0.41%) Wireshark
12 9 (0.37%) Broadband
13 8 (0.33%) DHCP
14 7 (0.29%) FTP
14 7 (0.29%) SSH
15 6 (0.25%) HTTPS
15 6 (0.25%) IMAP
15 6 (0.25%) Software-Defined Networking
16 5 (0.21%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 385 (15.88%) SQL Server
2 344 (14.19%) PostgreSQL
3 309 (12.75%) MySQL
4 244 (10.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 233 (9.61%) Relational Database
6 219 (9.03%) NoSQL
7 195 (8.04%) MongoDB
8 141 (5.82%) Amazon RDS
9 115 (4.74%) Amazon Aurora
10 107 (4.41%) Redis
11 96 (3.96%) Big Data
12 86 (3.55%) RDBMS
13 65 (2.68%) Hadoop
14 63 (2.60%) Data Warehouse
15 53 (2.19%) Apache Ignite
16 51 (2.10%) Apache Cassandra
17 42 (1.73%) Amazon Athena
17 42 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
18 35 (1.44%) Power BI
19 26 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 366 (15.10%) Git (software)
2 247 (10.19%) Jenkins
3 132 (5.45%) JIRA
4 117 (4.83%) JUnit
5 110 (4.54%) Maven
6 93 (3.84%) Team Foundation Server
7 86 (3.55%) Selenium
8 80 (3.30%) GitLab
9 76 (3.14%) Visual Studio Team System
10 72 (2.97%) Mocha
11 71 (2.93%) webpack
12 67 (2.76%) Artifactory
13 64 (2.64%) SonarQube
14 61 (2.52%) Mockito
15 56 (2.31%) Cypress.io
15 56 (2.31%) Visual Studio
16 48 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 43 (1.77%) JMeter
18 41 (1.69%) Cucumber
19 40 (1.65%) WebDriver
General
1 924 (38.12%) Finance
2 342 (14.11%) Social Skills
3 320 (13.20%) Front Office
4 234 (9.65%) Banking
5 138 (5.69%) Analytical Skills
6 129 (5.32%) Games
7 105 (4.33%) Retail
8 97 (4.00%) Public Sector
9 85 (3.51%) Marketing
10 62 (2.56%) Investment Banking
11 41 (1.69%) Advertising
12 38 (1.57%) Back Office
13 31 (1.28%) Financial Institution
14 30 (1.24%) Influencing Skills
15 29 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
16 22 (0.91%) Telecoms
17 20 (0.83%) Publishing
18 16 (0.66%) Local Government
19 15 (0.62%) Law
19 15 (0.62%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,403 (57.88%) Developer
2 633 (26.11%) Software Engineer
3 412 (17.00%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 266 (10.97%) AWS Engineer
5 260 (10.73%) AWS Developer
6 255 (10.52%) React Developer
7 250 (10.31%) Senior Developer
8 249 (10.27%) Java Developer
9 232 (9.57%) Python Developer
10 206 (8.50%) .NET Developer
11 179 (7.38%) Python Engineer
12 178 (7.34%) AWS Software Engineer
13 148 (6.11%) C# Developer
14 139 (5.73%) JavaScript Developer
15 116 (4.79%) Architect
16 111 (4.58%) Python Software Engineer
17 99 (4.08%) Full Stack Developer
18 89 (3.67%) .NET Software Developer
19 88 (3.63%) Java Engineer
20 86 (3.55%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 799 (32.96%) React
2 629 (25.95%) .NET
3 507 (20.92%) REST
4 490 (20.21%) AngularJS
5 408 (16.83%) Node.js
6 366 (15.10%) CSS
7 334 (13.78%) HTML
8 310 (12.79%) .NET Core
9 293 (12.09%) RESTful
10 270 (11.14%) Vue.js
11 243 (10.02%) Spring
12 228 (9.41%) SOAP
13 219 (9.03%) JSON
14 216 (8.91%) ASP.NET Web API
15 206 (8.50%) React Native
16 204 (8.42%) Material-UI
16 204 (8.42%) XML
17 163 (6.72%) .NET Framework
18 159 (6.56%) jQuery
19 140 (5.78%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 271 (11.18%) Hedge funds
2 223 (9.20%) Fixed Income
3 219 (9.03%) Derivative
4 214 (8.83%) Equities
5 185 (7.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 174 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
7 140 (5.78%) User Experience
8 103 (4.25%) Self-Motivation
9 94 (3.88%) Pricing Data
10 86 (3.55%) Mobile App
11 85 (3.51%) Blog
12 83 (3.42%) N-Tier
13 65 (2.68%) NHS
14 53 (2.19%) Data Structures
15 51 (2.10%) Algorithms
15 51 (2.10%) Enterprise Software
16 46 (1.90%) Cloud Native
17 42 (1.73%) Public Cloud
18 38 (1.57%) Digital Media
19 35 (1.44%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 213 (8.79%) Linux
2 98 (4.04%) Windows
3 93 (3.84%) Android
4 80 (3.30%) Unix
5 70 (2.89%) Apple iOS
6 30 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 18 (0.74%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.70%) CentOS
9 13 (0.54%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.37%) Kali Linux
11 6 (0.25%) Debian
11 6 (0.25%) tvOS
12 5 (0.21%) CoreOS
12 5 (0.21%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.21%) VMS
13 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.12%) Mesosphere
14 3 (0.12%) Nucleus RTOS
15 2 (0.083%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,418 (58.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,010 (41.67%) Software Engineering
3 818 (33.75%) Microservices
4 585 (24.13%) DevOps
5 575 (23.72%) Asset Management
6 394 (16.25%) TDD
7 390 (16.09%) Test Automation
8 362 (14.93%) Investment Management
9 295 (12.17%) Continuous Integration
10 274 (11.30%) OO
11 268 (11.06%) Migration
12 233 (9.61%) Mentoring
13 225 (9.28%) Scrum
14 222 (9.16%) SOA
15 212 (8.75%) BDD
16 211 (8.70%) Problem-Solving
17 210 (8.66%) Fintech
18 203 (8.37%) Computer Science
19 195 (8.04%) MVC
20 191 (7.88%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,170 (48.27%) JavaScript
2 883 (36.43%) Java
3 836 (34.49%) Python
4 698 (28.80%) SQL
5 549 (22.65%) C#
6 348 (14.36%) TypeScript
7 142 (5.86%) PowerShell
8 129 (5.32%) Scala
9 118 (4.87%) T-SQL
10 93 (3.84%) Java 8
11 84 (3.47%) ES6
11 84 (3.47%) Kotlin
12 77 (3.18%) PHP
12 77 (3.18%) R
13 76 (3.14%) Ruby
14 72 (2.97%) Clojure
15 59 (2.43%) PL/SQL
16 51 (2.10%) Perl
17 48 (1.98%) Go
18 47 (1.94%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 306 (12.62%) Degree
2 126 (5.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 81 (3.34%) Security Cleared
4 40 (1.65%) SC Cleared
5 35 (1.44%) Oracle Certification
6 25 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
7 24 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
8 23 (0.95%) Master's Degree
9 14 (0.58%) DBS Check
10 12 (0.50%) CISSP
11 11 (0.45%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.45%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 10 (0.41%) OCP
13 9 (0.37%) ISTQB
14 8 (0.33%) ISEB
15 7 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
16 6 (0.25%) CCNA
16 6 (0.25%) CISM
16 6 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
17 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (5.28%) QA
2 41 (1.69%) Accessibility
3 27 (1.11%) GDPR
4 15 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.29%) HL7
7 6 (0.25%) SLA
8 5 (0.21%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.21%) WCAG
9 4 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
9 4 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 4 (0.17%) NIST
9 4 (0.17%) WAI
10 2 (0.083%) GLBA
10 2 (0.083%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.041%) GRC
11 1 (0.041%) HIPAA
System Software
1 547 (22.57%) Docker
2 67 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 33 (1.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.62%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.33%) Snort
5 8 (0.33%) Squid
6 7 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (0.29%) etcd
6 7 (0.29%) Postfix
7 6 (0.25%) Ceph
8 5 (0.21%) HDFS
9 4 (0.17%) vSphere
10 3 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.041%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.041%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.041%) Xen
Systems Management
1 466 (19.22%) Kubernetes
2 345 (14.23%) Terraform
3 110 (4.54%) Ansible
4 108 (4.46%) Opscode Chef
5 77 (3.18%) Prometheus
6 60 (2.48%) Grafana
7 50 (2.06%) Puppet
8 19 (0.78%) Istio
9 17 (0.70%) SCOM
10 16 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
11 15 (0.62%) Microsoft Intune
11 15 (0.62%) Nessus
12 13 (0.54%) Consul
13 10 (0.41%) Packer
14 9 (0.37%) HP UCMDB
15 8 (0.33%) Nexpose
15 8 (0.33%) Suricata
16 7 (0.29%) Failover Clustering
16 7 (0.29%) Galera Cluster
16 7 (0.29%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 251 (10.35%) Microsoft
2 220 (9.08%) Google
3 195 (8.04%) Oracle
4 72 (2.97%) Sybase
5 68 (2.81%) Nintex
6 52 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
7 44 (1.82%) ServiceNow
8 39 (1.61%) Splunk
9 35 (1.44%) VMware
10 29 (1.20%) SAP
11 28 (1.16%) Apple
12 23 (0.95%) IBM
13 20 (0.83%) MuleSoft
14 18 (0.74%) Cisco
15 16 (0.66%) Atlassian
16 14 (0.58%) PeopleSoft
16 14 (0.58%) Xamarin
17 13 (0.54%) Citrix
17 13 (0.54%) HP
18 12 (0.50%) JD Edwards