Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
England > London
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 57 36 45
Rank change year-on-year -21 +9 0
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 3,091 1,567 2,955
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.98% 7.11% 5.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.16% 15.71% 13.68%
Number of salaries quoted 2,099 1,369 2,458
10th Percentile £51,250 £51,250 £48,750
25th Percentile £65,000 £62,500 £59,063
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £87,500 £82,500 £75,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +9.27% +16.15%
75th Percentile £115,000 £115,000 £105,000
90th Percentile £132,500 £138,750 £132,500
England median annual salary £67,500 £70,000 £58,000
% change year-on-year -3.57% +20.69% +5.45%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,487 9,974 21,593
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 45.44% 45.28% 40.05%
Number of salaries quoted 13,782 8,740 18,164
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £57,500 £56,250 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £93,750 £88,750 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £111,250 £101,250
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services in London.

Salary trend for Web Services in London

Web Services
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in London

Web Services
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the London region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 352 £75,000 +7.14% 96
West London -39 86 £62,500 +66.67% 40
South London -12 60 £72,500 +3.57% 9
East London -10 19 £57,500 -37.84% 19
Web Services
England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,897 (61.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,822 (58.95%) AWS
3 1,481 (47.91%) JavaScript
4 1,295 (41.90%) Software Engineering
5 1,275 (41.25%) Finance
6 1,199 (38.79%) Java
7 1,106 (35.78%) Python
8 1,040 (33.65%) React
9 951 (30.77%) SQL
10 940 (30.41%) Azure
11 843 (27.27%) Full Stack Development
12 838 (27.11%) Docker
13 835 (27.01%) Asset Management
14 822 (26.59%) Microservices
15 786 (25.43%) Kubernetes
16 762 (24.65%) Serverless
17 727 (23.52%) TypeScript
18 713 (23.07%) DevOps
19 636 (20.58%) GCP
20 608 (19.67%) REST
21 604 (19.54%) Node.js
22 598 (19.35%) TDD
23 596 (19.28%) Investment Management
24 582 (18.83%) AngularJS
25 571 (18.47%) .NET
26 569 (18.41%) Terraform
27 547 (17.70%) Social Skills
28 544 (17.60%) Front Office
29 539 (17.44%) C#
30 525 (16.98%) Git (software)

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (4.14%) Apache
2 123 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
3 113 (3.66%) Confluence
4 104 (3.36%) CMS
5 60 (1.94%) Tomcat
6 40 (1.29%) SharePoint
7 33 (1.07%) Mule
8 32 (1.04%) Apache Airflow
9 29 (0.94%) Apache Spark
9 29 (0.94%) IIS
10 23 (0.74%) nginx
11 22 (0.71%) Apache Solr
12 19 (0.61%) Anypoint
12 19 (0.61%) Mule ESB
13 14 (0.45%) Drupal
14 13 (0.42%) EPiServer
15 12 (0.39%) Headless CMS
15 12 (0.39%) Hyperledger
15 12 (0.39%) Jupyter
15 12 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 40 (1.29%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.16%) Figma
3 5 (0.16%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.13%) Adobe XD
5 3 (0.097%) InVision
5 3 (0.097%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.097%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.097%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.097%) Sketch
6 2 (0.065%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.032%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 29 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.74%) R3 Corda
3 22 (0.71%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.39%) NetSuite
4 12 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
5 11 (0.36%) Magento
6 7 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
6 7 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.097%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.097%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.065%) Elite 3E
8 2 (0.065%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.065%) SAP IBP
8 2 (0.065%) SAP R/3
8 2 (0.065%) Temenos T24
9 1 (0.032%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.032%) Remedy AR System
9 1 (0.032%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,822 (58.95%) AWS
2 940 (30.41%) Azure
3 762 (24.65%) Serverless
4 636 (20.58%) GCP
5 511 (16.53%) AWS Lambda
6 345 (11.16%) Amazon EC2
7 334 (10.81%) Amazon S3
8 299 (9.67%) GitHub
9 268 (8.67%) Amazon ECS
10 222 (7.18%) SaaS
11 193 (6.24%) Amazon SQS
12 170 (5.50%) AWS Step Functions
13 108 (3.49%) AWS CloudFormation
14 74 (2.39%) OpenShift
15 69 (2.23%) PaaS
16 64 (2.07%) npm
17 60 (1.94%) Power Platform
18 57 (1.84%) Amazon Kinesis
19 50 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
20 41 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 203 (6.57%) HTTP
2 56 (1.81%) Internet
3 47 (1.52%) Firewall
4 45 (1.46%) TCP/IP
5 38 (1.23%) Broadband
6 33 (1.07%) Kerberos
7 27 (0.87%) DNS
8 23 (0.74%) NFC
9 22 (0.71%) SSL
10 18 (0.58%) VPN
11 16 (0.52%) WebEx
12 12 (0.39%) WAN
13 11 (0.36%) 5G
13 11 (0.36%) AMQP
14 9 (0.29%) DHCP
14 9 (0.29%) HTTPS
14 9 (0.29%) IPv6
14 9 (0.29%) LAN
15 8 (0.26%) FTP
16 7 (0.23%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 401 (12.97%) SQL Server
2 343 (11.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 287 (9.29%) NoSQL
4 261 (8.44%) PostgreSQL
5 246 (7.96%) Amazon RDS
6 227 (7.34%) MongoDB
7 220 (7.12%) Relational Database
8 203 (6.57%) MySQL
9 198 (6.41%) Amazon Athena
10 174 (5.63%) Amazon Aurora
11 122 (3.95%) Big Data
12 94 (3.04%) Apache Ignite
12 94 (3.04%) Redis
13 65 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
14 61 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
15 56 (1.81%) Blockchain
16 54 (1.75%) Power BI
17 53 (1.71%) Hadoop
18 48 (1.55%) RDBMS
19 45 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 525 (16.98%) Git (software)
2 412 (13.33%) Jenkins
3 224 (7.25%) JIRA
4 156 (5.05%) GitLab
5 142 (4.59%) JUnit
6 130 (4.21%) Maven
7 121 (3.91%) Selenium
8 102 (3.30%) webpack
9 98 (3.17%) Artifactory
10 89 (2.88%) TeamCity
11 81 (2.62%) Mockito
12 74 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
13 68 (2.20%) Mocha
14 64 (2.07%) WebDriver
15 63 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 61 (1.97%) Octopus Deploy
17 60 (1.94%) Cucumber
18 59 (1.91%) SonarQube
19 56 (1.81%) Postman
20 51 (1.65%) Cypress.io
General
1 1,275 (41.25%) Finance
2 547 (17.70%) Social Skills
3 544 (17.60%) Front Office
4 330 (10.68%) Banking
5 137 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
6 133 (4.30%) Retail
7 107 (3.46%) Games
8 98 (3.17%) Marketing
9 79 (2.56%) Investment Banking
10 67 (2.17%) Public Sector
11 58 (1.88%) Advertising
12 52 (1.68%) Law
13 50 (1.62%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 50 (1.62%) Presentation Skills
14 41 (1.33%) Telecoms
15 37 (1.20%) Financial Institution
15 37 (1.20%) Legal
16 25 (0.81%) Spanish Language
17 24 (0.78%) Manufacturing
17 24 (0.78%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,746 (56.49%) Developer
2 911 (29.47%) Software Engineer
3 601 (19.44%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 373 (12.07%) AWS Engineer
5 334 (10.81%) Python Engineer
6 332 (10.74%) Python Developer
7 321 (10.38%) Java Developer
8 307 (9.93%) Senior Developer
9 288 (9.32%) React Developer
10 279 (9.03%) AWS Developer
11 242 (7.83%) Python Software Engineer
12 229 (7.41%) AWS Software Engineer
13 186 (6.02%) Architect
14 182 (5.89%) Java Engineer
15 180 (5.82%) Full Stack Developer
16 178 (5.76%) Senior Software Engineer
17 177 (5.73%) .NET Developer
18 166 (5.37%) Lead Developer
19 156 (5.05%) Java Software Engineer
20 146 (4.72%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,040 (33.65%) React
2 608 (19.67%) REST
3 604 (19.54%) Node.js
4 582 (18.83%) AngularJS
5 571 (18.47%) .NET
6 445 (14.40%) HTML
7 441 (14.27%) CSS
8 430 (13.91%) RESTful
9 330 (10.68%) SOAP
10 310 (10.03%) Spring
11 282 (9.12%) JSON
12 281 (9.09%) Vue.js
13 248 (8.02%) Spring Boot
14 247 (7.99%) HTML5
15 211 (6.83%) Kafka
15 211 (6.83%) XML
16 201 (6.50%) .NET Framework
17 185 (5.99%) Material-UI
18 181 (5.86%) ASP.NET Web API
19 177 (5.73%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 414 (13.39%) Hedge funds
2 355 (11.48%) Equities
3 277 (8.96%) Fixed Income
4 253 (8.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 235 (7.60%) Derivative
6 214 (6.92%) User Experience
7 155 (5.01%) Greenfield Project
8 154 (4.98%) Enterprise Software
9 143 (4.63%) Algorithms
9 143 (4.63%) Mobile App
10 137 (4.43%) Pricing Data
11 107 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
12 89 (2.88%) Data Structures
13 70 (2.26%) Blog
14 55 (1.78%) Credit Derivative
15 53 (1.71%) Cloud Native
15 53 (1.71%) Social Media
16 50 (1.62%) NHS
17 49 (1.59%) Virtual Team
18 44 (1.42%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 190 (6.15%) Linux
2 175 (5.66%) Windows
3 139 (4.50%) Android
4 122 (3.95%) Apple iOS
5 69 (2.23%) Unix
6 29 (0.94%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.81%) Mesosphere
8 19 (0.61%) Windows 10
9 12 (0.39%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.26%) CoreOS
11 5 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.13%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.13%) Tizen
12 4 (0.13%) VMS
12 4 (0.13%) webOS
12 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.097%) CentOS
13 3 (0.097%) Kali Linux
13 3 (0.097%) Windows Server 2016
13 3 (0.097%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,897 (61.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,295 (41.90%) Software Engineering
3 843 (27.27%) Full Stack Development
4 835 (27.01%) Asset Management
5 822 (26.59%) Microservices
6 713 (23.07%) DevOps
7 598 (19.35%) TDD
8 596 (19.28%) Investment Management
9 524 (16.95%) Test Automation
10 423 (13.68%) Analytics
11 405 (13.10%) Continuous Integration
12 376 (12.16%) Problem-Solving
13 342 (11.06%) Scrum
14 336 (10.87%) Computer Science
15 290 (9.38%) OO
16 280 (9.06%) Front End Development
17 264 (8.54%) BDD
18 262 (8.48%) MVC
19 258 (8.35%) Mentoring
20 252 (8.15%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,481 (47.91%) JavaScript
2 1,199 (38.79%) Java
3 1,106 (35.78%) Python
4 951 (30.77%) SQL
5 727 (23.52%) TypeScript
6 539 (17.44%) C#
7 181 (5.86%) Scala
8 147 (4.76%) Kotlin
9 142 (4.59%) Go
10 137 (4.43%) Java 8
11 130 (4.21%) T-SQL
12 128 (4.14%) PHP
13 113 (3.66%) Clojure
14 84 (2.72%) ES6
15 80 (2.59%) Bash Shell
16 64 (2.07%) PowerShell
17 56 (1.81%) Ruby
18 44 (1.42%) Apex Code
19 42 (1.36%) C
20 39 (1.26%) R
Qualifications
1 411 (13.30%) Degree
2 202 (6.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 63 (2.04%) Security Cleared
4 58 (1.88%) SC Cleared
5 52 (1.68%) Numerate Degree
6 32 (1.04%) AWS Certification
7 27 (0.87%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.49%) DBS Check
9 10 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.23%) ISTQB
10 7 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
11 6 (0.19%) SAFe Agilist
12 5 (0.16%) ISEB
13 4 (0.13%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
13 4 (0.13%) PhD
14 3 (0.097%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 372 (12.03%) QA
2 53 (1.71%) Accessibility
3 41 (1.33%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.58%) SLA
5 9 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.26%) GDPR
6 8 (0.26%) IEC 62304
6 8 (0.26%) ISO 13485
7 5 (0.16%) COBIT
8 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.065%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.065%) HL7
10 1 (0.032%) DICOM
10 1 (0.032%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.032%) NCSC
10 1 (0.032%) SOC 2
System Software
1 838 (27.11%) Docker
2 44 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.78%) Postfix
4 17 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 10 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
6 9 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
7 8 (0.26%) etcd
8 6 (0.19%) HDFS
9 5 (0.16%) vSphere
10 4 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 4 (0.13%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.097%) Snort
11 3 (0.097%) Squid
11 3 (0.097%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.097%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.065%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.065%) Ceph
12 2 (0.065%) Virtual Machines
13 1 (0.032%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 786 (25.43%) Kubernetes
2 569 (18.41%) Terraform
3 164 (5.31%) Prometheus
4 145 (4.69%) Ansible
5 124 (4.01%) Grafana
6 71 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
7 64 (2.07%) Puppet
8 35 (1.13%) Consul
9 33 (1.07%) Kibana
10 29 (0.94%) Istio
11 25 (0.81%) Automic
12 18 (0.58%) logstash
13 17 (0.55%) Kubeflow
14 14 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
15 10 (0.32%) Microsoft Intune
15 10 (0.32%) Packer
16 8 (0.26%) Salt
17 7 (0.23%) HP Fortify
18 6 (0.19%) Nagios
19 5 (0.16%) Icinga
Vendors
1 347 (11.23%) Google
2 277 (8.96%) Microsoft
3 119 (3.85%) Oracle
4 79 (2.56%) Salesforce.com
5 63 (2.04%) Apple
6 62 (2.01%) Splunk
7 57 (1.84%) SAP
8 53 (1.71%) Atlassian
9 40 (1.29%) MuleSoft
10 33 (1.07%) Cognizant
11 31 (1.00%) IBM
12 30 (0.97%) LexisNexis
13 22 (0.71%) Informatica
14 21 (0.68%) Adobe
15 20 (0.65%) ServiceNow
16 17 (0.55%) VMware
17 14 (0.45%) BT
17 14 (0.45%) Talend
18 13 (0.42%) Cisco
18 13 (0.42%) Citrix