Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 8 13
Rank change year-on-year +1 +5 +8
Permanent jobs citing AWS 22,186 9,382 16,533
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.20% 16.85% 12.31%
As % of the Cloud Services category 39.55% 40.68% 37.35%
Number of salaries quoted 14,460 7,993 13,406
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £48,750 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £82,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £103,750 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +3.77%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 56,097 23,061 44,260
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.48% 41.42% 32.96%
Number of salaries quoted 39,401 19,732 36,536
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £96,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Salary trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 19,545 £70,000 +7.69% 3,344
London -1 11,330 £80,000 +6.67% 1,712
UK excluding London +2 8,618 £60,000 +9.09% 1,798
Work from Home 0 5,303 £70,000 +12.00% 760
North of England +3 2,566 £60,000 +9.09% 608
South East +5 2,324 £62,500 +4.17% 334
North West +5 1,344 £60,000 +9.09% 365
Midlands 0 1,197 £60,000 +9.09% 286
South West -3 1,057 £57,250 +9.05% 213
Yorkshire -1 988 £60,000 +9.09% 165
West Midlands -1 854 £60,000 +9.09% 198
Scotland +2 632 £57,500 +9.52% 118
East of England -4 585 £60,000 - 165
East Midlands -1 341 £57,000 +3.64% 85
North East +4 236 £55,000 +15.79% 78
Wales -4 188 £50,000 - 48
Northern Ireland -3 114 £75,000 +42.86% 27

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 10,485 (47.26%) Azure
2 9,783 (44.10%) Agile Software Development
3 8,296 (37.39%) DevOps
4 8,034 (36.21%) Python
5 6,564 (29.59%) Docker
6 6,196 (27.93%) Software Engineering
7 6,160 (27.77%) Kubernetes
8 6,016 (27.12%) Java
9 5,862 (26.42%) GCP
10 5,806 (26.17%) JavaScript
11 5,301 (23.89%) Terraform
12 4,923 (22.19%) React
13 4,730 (21.32%) SQL
14 4,670 (21.05%) Finance
15 4,647 (20.95%) Microservices
16 4,203 (18.94%) Social Skills
17 4,029 (18.16%) Serverless
18 3,972 (17.90%) Linux
19 3,579 (16.13%) Node.js
20 3,334 (15.03%) Full Stack Development
21 3,330 (15.01%) C#
22 3,182 (14.34%) Git (software)
23 2,951 (13.30%) Jenkins
24 2,919 (13.16%) Web Services
25 2,885 (13.00%) Infrastructure as Code
26 2,823 (12.72%) TypeScript
27 2,779 (12.53%) TDD
28 2,709 (12.21%) Analytics
29 2,647 (11.93%) .NET
30 2,577 (11.62%) Problem-Solving

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,007 (4.54%) Apache Spark
2 956 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
3 792 (3.57%) Apache
4 468 (2.11%) Confluence
5 350 (1.58%) Apache Airflow
6 293 (1.32%) CMS
7 249 (1.12%) IIS
8 219 (0.99%) SharePoint
9 156 (0.70%) nginx
10 148 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 132 (0.59%) GemFire
12 131 (0.59%) Tomcat
13 114 (0.51%) WordPress
14 101 (0.46%) Apache Solr
15 94 (0.42%) MS Exchange
16 88 (0.40%) GeoServer
17 84 (0.38%) SAS
18 76 (0.34%) Jupyter
19 71 (0.32%) OpenStack
20 64 (0.29%) uWSGI
Applications
1 186 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 94 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 54 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 46 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 40 (0.18%) Figma
6 38 (0.17%) Sketch
7 37 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
8 36 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 30 (0.14%) InVision
10 18 (0.081%) Microsoft Project
11 14 (0.063%) Photoshop
12 10 (0.045%) Adobe Premiere
12 10 (0.045%) Final Cut Pro
13 7 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
14 5 (0.023%) Fireworks
15 4 (0.018%) Adobe XD
15 4 (0.018%) EngageOne
15 4 (0.018%) Zeplin
16 3 (0.014%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 3 (0.014%) Weka
Business Applications
1 83 (0.37%) Magento
2 80 (0.36%) Sentinel
3 49 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 45 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 41 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
6 37 (0.17%) Shopify
7 31 (0.14%) R3 Corda
8 19 (0.086%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 16 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
10 13 (0.059%) NetSuite
10 13 (0.059%) Unica
11 12 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
12 11 (0.050%) Summit
13 10 (0.045%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 9 (0.041%) Infor M3
15 8 (0.036%) FastStats
15 8 (0.036%) Oracle EBS
16 6 (0.027%) Oracle ERP
16 6 (0.027%) SAP ERP
16 6 (0.027%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 10,485 (47.26%) Azure
2 5,862 (26.42%) GCP
3 4,029 (18.16%) Serverless
4 2,474 (11.15%) AWS Lambda
5 2,430 (10.95%) SaaS
6 1,809 (8.15%) Amazon S3
7 1,785 (8.05%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1,648 (7.43%) GitHub
9 1,254 (5.65%) Amazon EC2
10 1,135 (5.12%) PaaS
11 950 (4.28%) Amazon ECS
12 866 (3.90%) IaaS
13 835 (3.76%) Amazon SQS
14 823 (3.71%) Cloud Computing
15 816 (3.68%) Microsoft 365
16 643 (2.90%) Amazon EKS
17 596 (2.69%) OpenShift
18 581 (2.62%) Amazon Kinesis
19 565 (2.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 553 (2.49%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 826 (3.72%) Firewall
2 607 (2.74%) HTTP
3 543 (2.45%) DNS
4 326 (1.47%) TCP/IP
5 324 (1.46%) VPN
6 300 (1.35%) Network Security
7 280 (1.26%) WAN
8 259 (1.17%) Internet
9 255 (1.15%) DHCP
10 246 (1.11%) LAN
11 159 (0.72%) Broadband
12 144 (0.65%) SAN
13 111 (0.50%) VLAN
14 109 (0.49%) BGP
15 106 (0.48%) SSL
16 99 (0.45%) Wi-Fi
17 90 (0.41%) OSPF
18 85 (0.38%) Wireless
19 78 (0.35%) VoIP
20 57 (0.26%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,463 (11.10%) PostgreSQL
2 2,134 (9.62%) NoSQL
3 2,048 (9.23%) MySQL
4 1,599 (7.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1,576 (7.10%) SQL Server
6 1,524 (6.87%) Big Data
7 1,414 (6.37%) MongoDB
8 1,278 (5.76%) Relational Database
9 1,161 (5.23%) Redis
10 1,155 (5.21%) Amazon RDS
11 858 (3.87%) Data Warehouse
12 729 (3.29%) Hadoop
13 658 (2.97%) Amazon Redshift
14 632 (2.85%) Data Lake
15 554 (2.50%) Amazon Aurora
16 522 (2.35%) Power BI
17 504 (2.27%) Amazon Athena
18 474 (2.14%) Tableau
19 348 (1.57%) RDBMS
20 347 (1.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 3,182 (14.34%) Git (software)
2 2,951 (13.30%) Jenkins
3 1,205 (5.43%) JIRA
4 910 (4.10%) GitLab
5 519 (2.34%) Selenium
6 517 (2.33%) Cypress.io
7 439 (1.98%) CircleCI
8 438 (1.97%) Cucumber
9 421 (1.90%) Bitbucket
10 419 (1.89%) Octopus Deploy
11 406 (1.83%) JUnit
12 398 (1.79%) TeamCity
13 388 (1.75%) Maven
14 383 (1.73%) webpack
15 301 (1.36%) Gradle
16 300 (1.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 291 (1.31%) Artifactory
18 289 (1.30%) SonarQube
19 269 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
20 256 (1.15%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 4,670 (21.05%) Finance
2 4,203 (18.94%) Social Skills
3 1,246 (5.62%) Banking
4 1,219 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
5 1,138 (5.13%) Retail
6 709 (3.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 688 (3.10%) Public Sector
8 687 (3.10%) Marketing
9 668 (3.01%) Law
10 625 (2.82%) Front Office
11 620 (2.79%) Games
12 446 (2.01%) Presentation Skills
13 369 (1.66%) Telecoms
14 344 (1.55%) Legal
15 291 (1.31%) Manufacturing
16 204 (0.92%) Organisational Skills
17 202 (0.91%) Automotive
18 190 (0.86%) Publishing
19 187 (0.84%) Advertising
20 175 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,169 (27.81%) Developer
2 3,288 (14.82%) Software Engineer
3 2,545 (11.47%) DevOps Engineer
4 2,169 (9.78%) Architect
5 1,601 (7.22%) AWS Engineer
6 1,411 (6.36%) Senior Developer
7 1,132 (5.10%) Java Developer
8 1,107 (4.99%) Data Engineer
9 1,070 (4.82%) Cloud Engineer
10 962 (4.34%) Full Stack Developer
11 933 (4.21%) Senior Software Engineer
12 758 (3.42%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 757 (3.41%) Solutions Architect
14 699 (3.15%) Python Developer
15 671 (3.02%) AWS DevOps
16 647 (2.92%) Python Engineer
17 643 (2.90%) Software Developer
18 616 (2.78%) Java Engineer
19 614 (2.77%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 595 (2.68%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,923 (22.19%) React
2 3,579 (16.13%) Node.js
3 2,919 (13.16%) Web Services
4 2,647 (11.93%) .NET
5 2,330 (10.50%) AngularJS
6 1,982 (8.93%) Kafka
7 1,866 (8.41%) REST
8 1,842 (8.30%) CSS
9 1,739 (7.84%) HTML
10 1,672 (7.54%) Spring
11 1,350 (6.08%) RESTful
12 1,235 (5.57%) Vue.js
13 1,139 (5.13%) .NET Core
14 1,073 (4.84%) Spring Boot
15 1,015 (4.57%) GraphQL
16 710 (3.20%) RabbitMQ
17 650 (2.93%) HTML5
18 639 (2.88%) JSON
19 588 (2.65%) Redux
20 580 (2.61%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 1,335 (6.02%) User Experience
2 1,300 (5.86%) Public Cloud
3 1,287 (5.80%) Cloud Native
4 1,036 (4.67%) Greenfield Project
5 723 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
6 711 (3.20%) Mobile App
7 678 (3.06%) Algorithms
8 550 (2.48%) Hedge funds
9 536 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
10 481 (2.17%) Data Centre
11 477 (2.15%) Management Information System
12 451 (2.03%) Data Structures
13 433 (1.95%) Derivative
14 416 (1.88%) Equities
15 406 (1.83%) Virtual Team
16 358 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
17 353 (1.59%) Fixed Income
18 351 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 272 (1.23%) Social Media
20 264 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 3,972 (17.90%) Linux
2 2,079 (9.37%) Windows
3 957 (4.31%) Unix
4 697 (3.14%) Windows Server
5 470 (2.12%) Apple iOS
6 462 (2.08%) Android
7 258 (1.16%) Ubuntu
8 236 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 232 (1.05%) CentOS
10 141 (0.64%) Windows 10
10 141 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
11 135 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
12 118 (0.53%) Mac OS
13 96 (0.43%) Windows Server 2019
14 81 (0.37%) Mac OS X
15 62 (0.28%) VMS
16 61 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
17 60 (0.27%) Debian
18 49 (0.22%) Mesosphere
18 49 (0.22%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,783 (44.10%) Agile Software Development
2 8,296 (37.39%) DevOps
3 6,196 (27.93%) Software Engineering
4 4,647 (20.95%) Microservices
5 3,334 (15.03%) Full Stack Development
6 2,885 (13.00%) Infrastructure as Code
7 2,779 (12.53%) TDD
8 2,709 (12.21%) Analytics
9 2,577 (11.62%) Problem-Solving
10 2,306 (10.39%) Test Automation
11 2,245 (10.12%) Scrum
12 2,190 (9.87%) Mentoring
13 2,172 (9.79%) Continuous Integration
14 2,013 (9.07%) Computer Science
15 1,751 (7.89%) Data Science
16 1,605 (7.23%) Fintech
17 1,586 (7.15%) Artificial Intelligence
18 1,575 (7.10%) Machine Learning
19 1,448 (6.53%) SDLC
20 1,365 (6.15%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 8,034 (36.21%) Python
2 6,016 (27.12%) Java
3 5,806 (26.17%) JavaScript
4 4,730 (21.32%) SQL
5 3,330 (15.01%) C#
6 2,823 (12.72%) TypeScript
7 1,866 (8.41%) Go
8 1,534 (6.91%) PowerShell
9 1,415 (6.38%) Bash Shell
10 1,254 (5.65%) Scala
11 1,252 (5.64%) PHP
12 1,090 (4.91%) Ruby
13 815 (3.67%) C++
14 793 (3.57%) Kotlin
15 498 (2.24%) C
16 443 (2.00%) Shell Script
17 429 (1.93%) T-SQL
18 388 (1.75%) R
19 380 (1.71%) Java 8
20 377 (1.70%) Perl
Qualifications
1 2,375 (10.70%) Degree
2 1,108 (4.99%) Security Cleared
3 844 (3.80%) Computer Science Degree
4 814 (3.67%) SC Cleared
5 640 (2.88%) AWS Certification
6 334 (1.51%) Cisco Certification
7 229 (1.03%) CISSP
8 216 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
9 205 (0.92%) Master's Degree
10 181 (0.82%) Oracle Certification
11 172 (0.78%) OCP
12 136 (0.61%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 134 (0.60%) CCNA
14 119 (0.54%) MCSE
15 117 (0.53%) MCSA
16 115 (0.52%) CCNP
16 115 (0.52%) SANS
17 91 (0.41%) PhD
18 88 (0.40%) CISM
19 72 (0.32%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,457 (6.57%) QA
2 387 (1.74%) GDPR
3 347 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 282 (1.27%) Accessibility
5 257 (1.16%) SLA
6 242 (1.09%) Data Quality
7 164 (0.74%) NIST
8 153 (0.69%) PCI DSS
9 67 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
10 46 (0.21%) GRC
11 41 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 39 (0.18%) GxP
13 37 (0.17%) NCSC
14 34 (0.15%) PSD2
14 34 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 30 (0.14%) HIPAA
16 28 (0.13%) COBIT
17 24 (0.11%) IASME
18 22 (0.099%) WCAG
19 21 (0.095%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 6,564 (29.59%) Docker
2 833 (3.75%) Active Directory
3 721 (3.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 267 (1.20%) Hyper-V
5 187 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
6 141 (0.64%) HDFS
7 102 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
8 94 (0.42%) vSphere
9 40 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
10 36 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 36 (0.16%) Firmware
11 31 (0.14%) XenApp
12 30 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
13 27 (0.12%) ISA Server
14 25 (0.11%) Postfix
14 25 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 21 (0.095%) NFS
16 19 (0.086%) KVM
16 19 (0.086%) Oracle RAC
17 18 (0.081%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 6,160 (27.77%) Kubernetes
2 5,301 (23.89%) Terraform
3 2,381 (10.73%) Ansible
4 1,216 (5.48%) Puppet
5 1,123 (5.06%) Opscode Chef
6 729 (3.29%) Grafana
7 609 (2.74%) Prometheus
8 216 (0.97%) Kibana
9 178 (0.80%) Packer
10 171 (0.77%) SCCM
11 141 (0.64%) Consul
12 138 (0.62%) Istio
13 134 (0.60%) Microsoft Intune
14 127 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
15 124 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
16 114 (0.51%) Nagios
17 97 (0.44%) Graphite
18 87 (0.39%) logstash
19 85 (0.38%) Salt
20 77 (0.35%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,392 (10.78%) Google
2 2,389 (10.77%) Microsoft
3 1,222 (5.51%) Oracle
4 1,113 (5.02%) VMware
5 467 (2.10%) Cisco
6 413 (1.86%) Red Hat
7 367 (1.65%) Databricks
8 360 (1.62%) Splunk
9 352 (1.59%) Salesforce.com
10 336 (1.51%) SAP
11 287 (1.29%) IBM
12 244 (1.10%) Citrix
13 201 (0.91%) Atlassian
13 201 (0.91%) New Relic
14 196 (0.88%) Apple
15 194 (0.87%) Okta
16 165 (0.74%) Informatica
17 161 (0.73%) SaltStack
18 157 (0.71%) Dell
19 152 (0.69%) MuleSoft