Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 18,209 18,691 21,582
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.57% 10.95% 10.76%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.08% 45.05% 41.52%
Number of salaries quoted 14,480 15,597 18,253
UK median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 40,389 41,490 51,979
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.45% 24.32% 25.91%
Number of salaries quoted 32,654 34,783 43,933
UK median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £43,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.22% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £25,625 £25,000 £24,750
90th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 17,189 £52,500 +5.00% 2,739
UK excluding London +1 10,543 £45,000 +5.88% 1,750
London -2 7,345 £65,000 +8.33% 1,177
South East -1 3,634 £47,500 +5.56% 498
North of England +2 2,067 £45,000 +12.50% 359
East of England +6 1,689 £52,500 +14.13% 254
South West +6 1,400 £42,500 +6.25% 271
North West +2 1,187 £45,000 +12.50% 210
Midlands -1 1,053 £45,000 +12.50% 180
Yorkshire -4 760 £45,000 +5.88% 116
West Midlands -2 664 £45,000 +12.50% 116
Scotland +1 514 £41,000 +2.50% 117
East Midlands 0 388 £45,000 +12.50% 63
Wales +6 197 £40,000 - 57
North East +4 122 £37,500 +7.14% 33
Northern Ireland +12 49 £40,000 -11.11% 16
Channel Islands -1 5 £70,000 +115.38% 1
Isle of Man -5 2 £46,250 +2.78%

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 6,127 (33.65%) Windows
2 5,894 (32.37%) Python
3 5,268 (28.93%) Agile Software Development
4 5,091 (27.96%) DevOps
5 5,052 (27.74%) Amazon AWS
6 4,763 (26.16%) Java
7 4,187 (22.99%) SQL
8 3,823 (21.00%) Unix
9 3,327 (18.27%) Git (software)
10 3,209 (17.62%) JavaScript
11 3,076 (16.89%) Finance
12 2,946 (16.18%) Puppet
13 2,920 (16.04%) Docker
14 2,914 (16.00%) MySQL
15 2,846 (15.63%) Ansible
16 2,729 (14.99%) Software Engineering
17 2,680 (14.72%) Degree
18 2,672 (14.67%) Jenkins
19 2,609 (14.33%) Bash Shell
20 2,489 (13.67%) VMware
21 2,488 (13.66%) Microsoft Azure
22 2,470 (13.56%) C++
23 2,333 (12.81%) Oracle
24 2,274 (12.49%) Continuous Integration
25 2,242 (12.31%) Problem-Solving
26 2,184 (11.99%) Opscode Chef
27 2,161 (11.87%) PHP
28 2,123 (11.66%) HTML
29 2,108 (11.58%) Microsoft
30 1,854 (10.18%) CSS

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,733 (9.52%) Apache
2 912 (5.01%) Tomcat
3 631 (3.47%) Elasticsearch
4 581 (3.19%) Confluence
5 558 (3.06%) nginx
6 498 (2.73%) IIS
7 457 (2.51%) OpenStack
8 453 (2.49%) Apache Spark
9 402 (2.21%) JBoss
10 310 (1.70%) CMS
11 302 (1.66%) WebSphere
12 290 (1.59%) WebLogic
13 273 (1.50%) MS Exchange
14 220 (1.21%) WordPress
15 180 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 180 (0.99%) SharePoint
16 134 (0.74%) Apache Solr
17 120 (0.66%) Drupal
18 114 (0.63%) Ethereum
19 90 (0.49%) SAS
Applications
1 321 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
2 146 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
3 67 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 67 (0.37%) MS Visio
4 58 (0.32%) Photoshop
5 25 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 21 (0.12%) Simulink
7 19 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
8 16 (0.088%) SPSS
9 13 (0.071%) Weka
10 10 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
10 10 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
11 9 (0.049%) Chatbot
12 8 (0.044%) GIMP
12 8 (0.044%) HipChat
13 6 (0.033%) Stata
13 6 (0.033%) Stateflow
13 6 (0.033%) TargetLink
14 5 (0.027%) Maya
15 4 (0.022%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 116 (0.64%) Magento
2 76 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
3 44 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
4 38 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
5 35 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
6 34 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
7 29 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
8 24 (0.13%) MetaTrader
9 17 (0.093%) Oracle EBS R12
9 17 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 16 (0.088%) Documaker
11 14 (0.077%) BusinessWorks
11 14 (0.077%) SAP Hybris
12 12 (0.066%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 12 (0.066%) SAP CRM
13 9 (0.049%) NetSuite
13 9 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
13 9 (0.049%) RMDS
13 9 (0.049%) Rolfe and Nolan
14 8 (0.044%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 5,052 (27.74%) Amazon AWS
2 2,488 (13.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 942 (5.17%) SaaS
4 650 (3.57%) Amazon EC2
5 615 (3.38%) AWS CloudFormation
6 605 (3.32%) Google Cloud Platform
7 502 (2.76%) GitHub
8 500 (2.75%) Office 365
9 498 (2.73%) IaaS
10 460 (2.53%) Amazon S3
11 395 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
12 389 (2.14%) PaaS
13 237 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 236 (1.30%) Serverless
15 180 (0.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 172 (0.94%) OpenShift
17 170 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
18 154 (0.85%) Amazon ELB
19 113 (0.62%) Route 53
20 105 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 1,644 (9.03%) Firewall
2 1,463 (8.03%) TCP/IP
3 1,187 (6.52%) DNS
4 648 (3.56%) HTTP
5 617 (3.39%) Internet
6 605 (3.32%) SAN
7 593 (3.26%) VPN
8 545 (2.99%) DHCP
9 522 (2.87%) WAN
10 493 (2.71%) Network Security
11 469 (2.58%) LAN
12 383 (2.10%) SSL
13 265 (1.46%) VoIP
14 245 (1.35%) Wireless
15 244 (1.34%) VLAN
16 222 (1.22%) NAS
17 211 (1.16%) Cisco ASA
18 201 (1.10%) SSH
19 175 (0.96%) MPLS
20 172 (0.94%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,914 (16.00%) MySQL
2 1,661 (9.12%) SQL Server
3 1,211 (6.65%) PostgreSQL
4 1,178 (6.47%) NoSQL
5 1,117 (6.13%) MongoDB
6 959 (5.27%) Big Data
7 951 (5.22%) Relational Database
8 729 (4.00%) Oracle Database
9 641 (3.52%) Hadoop
10 466 (2.56%) Redis
11 455 (2.50%) RDBMS
12 379 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
13 341 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
14 300 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
15 298 (1.64%) Blockchain
16 240 (1.32%) DB2
17 219 (1.20%) Apache Hive
18 204 (1.12%) Oracle Database 11g
19 201 (1.10%) Oracle Database 12c
20 191 (1.05%) HBase
Development Applications
1 3,327 (18.27%) Git (software)
2 2,672 (14.67%) Jenkins
3 1,410 (7.74%) JIRA
4 877 (4.82%) Subversion
5 611 (3.36%) Maven
6 553 (3.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 523 (2.87%) Selenium
8 514 (2.82%) TeamCity
9 430 (2.36%) JUnit
10 381 (2.09%) Vagrant
11 296 (1.63%) Cucumber
12 280 (1.54%) Octopus Deploy
13 277 (1.52%) Bitbucket
14 233 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
15 229 (1.26%) Gradle
16 226 (1.24%) Eclipse
17 197 (1.08%) GitLab
18 194 (1.07%) Visual Studio
19 186 (1.02%) GoCD
20 174 (0.96%) Ant
General
1 3,076 (16.89%) Finance
2 1,106 (6.07%) Banking
3 740 (4.06%) Retail
4 592 (3.25%) Telecoms
5 522 (2.87%) Marketing
6 427 (2.34%) Games
7 365 (2.00%) Investment Banking
8 318 (1.75%) Advertising
9 289 (1.59%) Front Office
10 281 (1.54%) Financial Institution
11 266 (1.46%) Electronics
12 188 (1.03%) Manufacturing
13 186 (1.02%) Law
14 175 (0.96%) Legal
15 150 (0.82%) Back Office
16 146 (0.80%) Publishing
17 140 (0.77%) Automotive
18 97 (0.53%) Billing
19 90 (0.49%) French Language
20 73 (0.40%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,554 (25.01%) Developer
2 2,590 (14.22%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,638 (9.00%) Linux Engineer
4 1,422 (7.81%) Software Engineer
5 1,200 (6.59%) Java Developer
6 1,098 (6.03%) Administrator
7 1,037 (5.69%) Analyst
8 915 (5.02%) PHP Developer
9 877 (4.82%) Senior Developer
10 752 (4.13%) Cloud Engineer
11 736 (4.04%) Systems Administrator
12 696 (3.82%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 693 (3.81%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 692 (3.80%) Support Engineer
15 675 (3.71%) Systems Engineer
16 672 (3.69%) Software Developer
17 665 (3.65%) AWS Engineer
18 649 (3.56%) Architect
19 596 (3.27%) Linux Administrator
20 591 (3.25%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,123 (11.66%) HTML
2 1,854 (10.18%) CSS
3 1,835 (10.08%) Web Services
4 1,078 (5.92%) .NET
5 1,031 (5.66%) LAMP
6 988 (5.43%) Node.js
7 909 (4.99%) jQuery
8 908 (4.99%) AngularJS
9 890 (4.89%) Spring
10 887 (4.87%) REST
11 754 (4.14%) RESTful
12 747 (4.10%) XML
13 653 (3.59%) HTML5
14 603 (3.31%) Middleware
15 571 (3.14%) JSON
16 514 (2.82%) SOAP
17 513 (2.82%) React
18 489 (2.69%) Kafka
19 405 (2.22%) Elastic Stack
20 394 (2.16%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,731 (9.51%) Computer Science
2 1,175 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
3 929 (5.10%) Linux Command Line
4 858 (4.71%) Data Centre
5 780 (4.28%) Fintech
6 615 (3.38%) Self-Motivation
7 528 (2.90%) Algorithms
8 520 (2.86%) Public Cloud
9 514 (2.82%) User Experience
10 428 (2.35%) Management Information System
11 362 (1.99%) Mobile App
12 360 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
13 351 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
14 300 (1.65%) Private Cloud
15 287 (1.58%) Replication
16 259 (1.42%) Clustering
17 242 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 234 (1.29%) Equities
19 224 (1.23%) Data Structures
20 211 (1.16%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 6,127 (33.65%) Windows
2 3,823 (21.00%) Unix
3 1,487 (8.17%) Windows Server
4 1,457 (8.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,127 (6.19%) CentOS
6 749 (4.11%) Ubuntu
7 532 (2.92%) Solaris
8 479 (2.63%) Debian
9 460 (2.53%) Android
10 452 (2.48%) Windows Server 2012
11 442 (2.43%) Windows Server 2008
12 310 (1.70%) Mac OS X
13 301 (1.65%) AIX
14 297 (1.63%) Apple iOS
15 257 (1.41%) Embedded Linux
16 241 (1.32%) Mac OS
17 196 (1.08%) Windows 10
18 176 (0.97%) Windows 7
19 151 (0.83%) HPUX
20 128 (0.70%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,268 (28.93%) Agile Software Development
2 5,091 (27.96%) DevOps
3 2,729 (14.99%) Software Engineering
4 2,274 (12.49%) Continuous Integration
5 2,242 (12.31%) Problem-Solving
6 1,749 (9.61%) Configuration Management
7 1,638 (9.00%) TDD
8 1,597 (8.77%) Scrum
9 1,590 (8.73%) Test Automation
10 1,507 (8.28%) ITIL
11 1,448 (7.95%) Open Source
12 1,249 (6.86%) OO
13 1,087 (5.97%) Microservices
14 1,046 (5.74%) MVC
15 960 (5.27%) SDLC
16 899 (4.94%) Analytics
17 862 (4.73%) Web Development
18 831 (4.56%) E-Commerce
19 816 (4.48%) Continuous Delivery
20 811 (4.45%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 5,894 (32.37%) Python
2 4,763 (26.16%) Java
3 4,187 (22.99%) SQL
4 3,209 (17.62%) JavaScript
5 2,609 (14.33%) Bash Shell
6 2,470 (13.56%) C++
7 2,161 (11.87%) PHP
8 1,692 (9.29%) Ruby
9 1,618 (8.89%) C
10 1,612 (8.85%) Perl
11 1,409 (7.74%) PowerShell
12 1,344 (7.38%) C#
13 1,095 (6.01%) Shell Script
14 446 (2.45%) Scala
15 443 (2.43%) Go
16 376 (2.06%) Java 8
17 342 (1.88%) PL/SQL
18 218 (1.20%) Groovy
19 205 (1.13%) ES6
20 191 (1.05%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,680 (14.72%) Degree
2 750 (4.12%) Computer Science Degree
3 737 (4.05%) Security Cleared
4 582 (3.20%) Cisco Certification
5 444 (2.44%) CCNA
6 425 (2.33%) Microsoft Certification
7 366 (2.01%) SC Cleared
8 340 (1.87%) CISSP
9 301 (1.65%) MCSE
10 281 (1.54%) DV Cleared
11 225 (1.24%) CCNP
12 198 (1.09%) AWS Certification
13 170 (0.93%) Master's Degree
14 165 (0.91%) MCSA
15 158 (0.87%) PhD
16 147 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
17 146 (0.80%) RHCE
18 141 (0.77%) CISM
19 128 (0.70%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
20 108 (0.59%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 783 (4.30%) QA
2 367 (2.02%) SLA
3 299 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 238 (1.31%) GCP
5 207 (1.14%) PCI DSS
6 94 (0.52%) GDPR
7 76 (0.42%) Data Quality
8 50 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 41 (0.23%) ISO 9001
10 39 (0.21%) PMO
11 36 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 28 (0.15%) COBIT
13 23 (0.13%) PSD2
14 21 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
14 21 (0.12%) HIPAA
15 20 (0.11%) GPG13
16 15 (0.082%) MiFID
17 14 (0.077%) MISRA
18 10 (0.055%) Disclosure Scotland
18 10 (0.055%) MISRA C
System Software
1 2,920 (16.04%) Docker
2 1,551 (8.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1,400 (7.69%) Active Directory
4 647 (3.55%) Hyper-V
5 412 (2.26%) vSphere
6 407 (2.24%) Virtual Machines
7 314 (1.72%) VMware ESXi
8 177 (0.97%) KVM
9 174 (0.96%) HDFS
10 150 (0.82%) Xen
11 135 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
12 133 (0.73%) Firmware
13 129 (0.71%) VirtualBox
14 112 (0.62%) Apache Flume
15 100 (0.55%) XenApp
16 97 (0.53%) iptables
17 95 (0.52%) NFS
18 79 (0.43%) Virtual Servers
19 76 (0.42%) VMware NSX
20 72 (0.40%) LXC
Systems Management
1 2,946 (16.18%) Puppet
2 2,846 (15.63%) Ansible
3 2,184 (11.99%) Opscode Chef
4 1,419 (7.79%) Kubernetes
5 1,208 (6.63%) Terraform
6 526 (2.89%) Nagios
7 319 (1.75%) Salt
8 222 (1.22%) Packer
9 211 (1.16%) Kibana
10 185 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
11 173 (0.95%) ZABBIX
12 158 (0.87%) SCCM
13 154 (0.85%) HAProxy
14 150 (0.82%) logstash
15 142 (0.78%) vCenter Server
16 133 (0.73%) SCOM
17 114 (0.63%) Consul
18 108 (0.59%) Graphite
19 105 (0.58%) Prometheus
20 102 (0.56%) Grafana
Vendors
1 2,489 (13.67%) VMware
2 2,333 (12.81%) Oracle
3 2,108 (11.58%) Microsoft
4 1,731 (9.51%) Red Hat
5 1,050 (5.77%) Cisco
6 777 (4.27%) Google
7 560 (3.08%) Splunk
8 486 (2.67%) IBM
9 451 (2.48%) HP
10 432 (2.37%) Citrix
11 285 (1.57%) Atlassian
12 283 (1.55%) SAP
13 251 (1.38%) NetApp
13 251 (1.38%) New Relic
14 250 (1.37%) Sybase
15 248 (1.36%) WorldPay
16 246 (1.35%) Juniper
17 218 (1.20%) F5
18 217 (1.19%) ServiceNow
19 213 (1.17%) Apple