Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 18,464 19,743 21,849
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.55% 11.13% 10.76%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.61% 45.31% 42.05%
Number of salaries quoted 14,627 16,263 18,503
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 40,485 43,570 51,955
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.12% 24.57% 25.60%
Number of salaries quoted 32,591 35,889 44,137
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,000 £24,750
90th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,210 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +0.52% - +3.90%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 17,326 £52,500 +5.00% 2,544
UK excluding London +1 10,456 £45,000 +5.88% 1,672
London -2 7,643 £65,000 +8.33% 1,032
South East 0 3,574 £47,500 +5.56% 485
North of England -1 2,118 £45,000 +12.50% 384
East of England +7 1,597 £52,500 +11.70% 267
South West +3 1,429 £43,000 +7.50% 209
North West +2 1,178 £45,000 +12.50% 194
Midlands -1 964 £45,000 +15.38% 166
Yorkshire -6 810 £45,000 +5.88% 146
West Midlands 0 630 £45,000 +13.92% 114
Scotland -3 551 £42,500 +6.25% 95
East Midlands -4 332 £45,000 +20.00% 50
Wales +5 212 £40,210 +0.52% 37
North East 0 131 £40,000 +14.29% 44
Northern Ireland +13 56 £45,000 +18.42% 26
Channel Islands +2 9 £67,500 +107.69% 2
Isle of Man -2 3 £47,500 +5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 6,232 (33.75%) Windows
2 6,106 (33.07%) Python
3 5,271 (28.55%) Agile Software Development
4 5,261 (28.49%) Amazon AWS
5 5,249 (28.43%) DevOps
6 4,853 (26.28%) Java
7 4,276 (23.16%) SQL
8 3,811 (20.64%) Unix
9 3,404 (18.44%) Git (software)
10 3,300 (17.87%) Finance
11 3,177 (17.21%) Docker
12 3,137 (16.99%) JavaScript
13 3,063 (16.59%) Puppet
14 3,014 (16.32%) Ansible
15 2,831 (15.33%) MySQL
16 2,769 (15.00%) Jenkins
17 2,747 (14.88%) Software Engineering
18 2,744 (14.86%) Microsoft Azure
19 2,716 (14.71%) Degree
20 2,670 (14.46%) Bash Shell
21 2,544 (13.78%) VMware
22 2,478 (13.42%) C++
23 2,316 (12.54%) Problem-Solving
24 2,281 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
25 2,259 (12.23%) Oracle
26 2,210 (11.97%) Opscode Chef
27 2,198 (11.90%) Microsoft
28 2,038 (11.04%) HTML
29 1,982 (10.73%) PHP
30 1,860 (10.07%) Red Hat

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,696 (9.19%) Apache
2 896 (4.85%) Tomcat
3 632 (3.42%) Elasticsearch
4 594 (3.22%) Confluence
5 516 (2.79%) nginx
6 502 (2.72%) IIS
7 455 (2.46%) OpenStack
8 447 (2.42%) JBoss
9 438 (2.37%) Apache Spark
10 335 (1.81%) MS Exchange
11 322 (1.74%) CMS
12 292 (1.58%) WebLogic
13 266 (1.44%) WebSphere
14 216 (1.17%) WordPress
15 202 (1.09%) SharePoint
16 163 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 128 (0.69%) Ethereum
18 113 (0.61%) Skype for Business
19 106 (0.57%) Drupal
20 98 (0.53%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 323 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
2 153 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
3 81 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 65 (0.35%) MS Visio
5 33 (0.18%) Photoshop
6 30 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 21 (0.11%) Simulink
8 12 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
9 11 (0.060%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 10 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
11 9 (0.049%) HipChat
11 9 (0.049%) SPSS
12 7 (0.038%) Chatbot
12 7 (0.038%) GIMP
12 7 (0.038%) Stateflow
12 7 (0.038%) TargetLink
12 7 (0.038%) Weka
13 6 (0.032%) Stata
14 5 (0.027%) Maya
14 5 (0.027%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 104 (0.56%) Magento
2 83 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
3 42 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 41 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
5 30 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 25 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 20 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
8 18 (0.097%) MetaTrader
9 17 (0.092%) Documaker
10 14 (0.076%) Concordance
10 14 (0.076%) Relativity
11 13 (0.070%) SAP CRM
12 12 (0.065%) Oracle EBS R12
12 12 (0.065%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 10 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
13 10 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 8 (0.043%) NetSuite
14 8 (0.043%) SAP Hybris
14 8 (0.043%) Shopify
14 8 (0.043%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 5,261 (28.49%) Amazon AWS
2 2,744 (14.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 935 (5.06%) SaaS
4 696 (3.77%) Google Cloud Platform
5 682 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
6 677 (3.67%) AWS CloudFormation
7 599 (3.24%) GitHub
8 588 (3.18%) Office 365
9 508 (2.75%) Amazon S3
10 471 (2.55%) IaaS
11 409 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
12 371 (2.01%) PaaS
13 289 (1.57%) Serverless
14 282 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 230 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
16 181 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 168 (0.91%) OpenShift
18 157 (0.85%) Amazon ELB
19 146 (0.79%) Azure Active Directory
20 131 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 1,685 (9.13%) Firewall
2 1,420 (7.69%) TCP/IP
3 1,225 (6.63%) DNS
4 664 (3.60%) SAN
5 647 (3.50%) HTTP
6 629 (3.41%) VPN
7 617 (3.34%) Internet
8 522 (2.83%) WAN
9 514 (2.78%) DHCP
10 508 (2.75%) LAN
11 497 (2.69%) Network Security
12 362 (1.96%) SSL
13 291 (1.58%) VoIP
14 274 (1.48%) VLAN
15 252 (1.36%) Wireless
16 235 (1.27%) NAS
17 215 (1.16%) Cisco ASA
18 196 (1.06%) SSH
19 182 (0.99%) SNMP
20 173 (0.94%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,831 (15.33%) MySQL
2 1,739 (9.42%) SQL Server
3 1,237 (6.70%) PostgreSQL
4 1,206 (6.53%) NoSQL
5 1,098 (5.95%) MongoDB
6 1,054 (5.71%) Big Data
7 1,052 (5.70%) Relational Database
8 743 (4.02%) Oracle Database
9 643 (3.48%) Hadoop
10 493 (2.67%) RDBMS
11 492 (2.66%) Redis
12 409 (2.22%) Amazon RDS
13 358 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
14 347 (1.88%) Blockchain
15 309 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
16 247 (1.34%) Apache Hive
16 247 (1.34%) DB2
17 218 (1.18%) Oracle Database 11g
18 199 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 183 (0.99%) HBase
Development Applications
1 3,404 (18.44%) Git (software)
2 2,769 (15.00%) Jenkins
3 1,455 (7.88%) JIRA
4 854 (4.63%) Subversion
5 668 (3.62%) Maven
6 625 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 586 (3.17%) TeamCity
8 558 (3.02%) Selenium
9 462 (2.50%) JUnit
10 381 (2.06%) Vagrant
11 361 (1.96%) Octopus Deploy
12 326 (1.77%) Bitbucket
13 286 (1.55%) Cucumber
14 245 (1.33%) Eclipse
15 242 (1.31%) GitLab
16 239 (1.29%) Team Foundation Server
17 226 (1.22%) Gradle
18 194 (1.05%) Visual Studio
19 193 (1.05%) GoCD
20 165 (0.89%) Ant
General
1 3,300 (17.87%) Finance
2 1,234 (6.68%) Banking
3 733 (3.97%) Retail
4 544 (2.95%) Telecoms
5 495 (2.68%) Marketing
6 434 (2.35%) Investment Banking
7 402 (2.18%) Games
8 327 (1.77%) Financial Institution
9 309 (1.67%) Electronics
10 277 (1.50%) Advertising
11 261 (1.41%) Front Office
12 221 (1.20%) Law
13 193 (1.05%) Manufacturing
14 171 (0.93%) Legal
15 167 (0.90%) Automotive
16 133 (0.72%) Back Office
17 130 (0.70%) Publishing
18 93 (0.50%) French Language
19 81 (0.44%) Billing
20 80 (0.43%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,576 (24.78%) Developer
2 2,679 (14.51%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,637 (8.87%) Linux Engineer
4 1,366 (7.40%) Software Engineer
5 1,271 (6.88%) Java Developer
6 1,214 (6.57%) Administrator
7 1,050 (5.69%) Analyst
8 895 (4.85%) Senior Developer
9 810 (4.39%) PHP Developer
10 787 (4.26%) Systems Administrator
11 783 (4.24%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 758 (4.11%) Cloud Engineer
13 711 (3.85%) Support Engineer
14 704 (3.81%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 690 (3.74%) Software Developer
16 684 (3.70%) Systems Engineer
17 675 (3.66%) AWS Engineer
18 665 (3.60%) Architect
19 631 (3.42%) Linux Administrator
20 578 (3.13%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,038 (11.04%) HTML
2 1,731 (9.38%) CSS
3 1,725 (9.34%) Web Services
4 1,046 (5.67%) .NET
5 1,013 (5.49%) Node.js
6 992 (5.37%) LAMP
7 958 (5.19%) Spring
8 869 (4.71%) AngularJS
9 855 (4.63%) REST
10 812 (4.40%) jQuery
11 726 (3.93%) XML
12 722 (3.91%) RESTful
13 622 (3.37%) HTML5
14 593 (3.21%) Middleware
15 592 (3.21%) JSON
16 543 (2.94%) React
17 485 (2.63%) Kafka
18 461 (2.50%) SOAP
19 434 (2.35%) Elastic Stack
20 425 (2.30%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,700 (9.21%) Computer Science
2 1,208 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
3 922 (4.99%) Linux Command Line
4 872 (4.72%) Data Centre
5 818 (4.43%) Fintech
6 663 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
7 499 (2.70%) Public Cloud
8 495 (2.68%) User Experience
9 480 (2.60%) Algorithms
10 435 (2.36%) Management Information System
11 412 (2.23%) Enterprise Software
12 371 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
12 371 (2.01%) Mobile App
13 316 (1.71%) Private Cloud
14 264 (1.43%) Replication
15 256 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 249 (1.35%) Clustering
17 229 (1.24%) Equities
18 218 (1.18%) Cyberthreat
19 209 (1.13%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 6,232 (33.75%) Windows
2 3,811 (20.64%) Unix
3 1,597 (8.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1,553 (8.41%) Windows Server
5 1,136 (6.15%) CentOS
6 785 (4.25%) Ubuntu
7 542 (2.94%) Solaris
8 486 (2.63%) Windows Server 2012
9 481 (2.61%) Windows Server 2008
10 477 (2.58%) Android
11 425 (2.30%) Debian
12 342 (1.85%) Mac OS X
13 302 (1.64%) Apple iOS
14 293 (1.59%) AIX
15 255 (1.38%) Embedded Linux
16 239 (1.29%) Windows 10
17 232 (1.26%) Mac OS
18 190 (1.03%) Windows 7
19 141 (0.76%) HPUX
20 134 (0.73%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,271 (28.55%) Agile Software Development
2 5,249 (28.43%) DevOps
3 2,747 (14.88%) Software Engineering
4 2,316 (12.54%) Problem-Solving
5 2,281 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
6 1,815 (9.83%) Configuration Management
7 1,689 (9.15%) Test Automation
8 1,594 (8.63%) Scrum
9 1,530 (8.29%) TDD
10 1,504 (8.15%) Open Source
11 1,476 (7.99%) ITIL
12 1,128 (6.11%) Microservices
13 1,088 (5.89%) OO
14 987 (5.35%) SDLC
15 942 (5.10%) MVC
16 919 (4.98%) Analytics
17 862 (4.67%) Mentoring
18 823 (4.46%) Continuous Delivery
19 800 (4.33%) High Availability
20 794 (4.30%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 6,106 (33.07%) Python
2 4,853 (26.28%) Java
3 4,276 (23.16%) SQL
4 3,137 (16.99%) JavaScript
5 2,670 (14.46%) Bash Shell
6 2,478 (13.42%) C++
7 1,982 (10.73%) PHP
8 1,738 (9.41%) Ruby
9 1,640 (8.88%) Perl
10 1,612 (8.73%) C
11 1,521 (8.24%) PowerShell
12 1,336 (7.24%) C#
13 1,188 (6.43%) Shell Script
14 548 (2.97%) Go
15 421 (2.28%) Scala
16 417 (2.26%) Java 8
17 357 (1.93%) PL/SQL
18 248 (1.34%) ES6
19 235 (1.27%) Groovy
20 196 (1.06%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,716 (14.71%) Degree
2 792 (4.29%) Security Cleared
3 751 (4.07%) Computer Science Degree
4 605 (3.28%) Cisco Certification
5 456 (2.47%) CCNA
6 424 (2.30%) Microsoft Certification
7 414 (2.24%) CISSP
8 370 (2.00%) SC Cleared
9 336 (1.82%) DV Cleared
10 304 (1.65%) MCSE
11 243 (1.32%) CCNP
12 220 (1.19%) AWS Certification
13 182 (0.99%) Master's Degree
14 161 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
15 148 (0.80%) MCSA
16 146 (0.79%) RHCE
17 145 (0.79%) CISM
17 145 (0.79%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 141 (0.76%) PhD
19 127 (0.69%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 784 (4.25%) QA
2 380 (2.06%) SLA
3 303 (1.64%) GCP
4 298 (1.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 193 (1.05%) PCI DSS
6 131 (0.71%) GDPR
7 68 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 65 (0.35%) Data Quality
9 39 (0.21%) ISO 9001
9 39 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 25 (0.14%) PMO
11 24 (0.13%) MISRA
12 19 (0.10%) MISRA C
12 19 (0.10%) PSD2
13 16 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
13 16 (0.087%) MiFID
14 15 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 13 (0.070%) ECSS
16 10 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
16 10 (0.054%) FISMA
System Software
1 3,177 (17.21%) Docker
2 1,638 (8.87%) Active Directory
3 1,590 (8.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 668 (3.62%) Hyper-V
5 443 (2.40%) Virtual Machines
6 430 (2.33%) vSphere
7 371 (2.01%) VMware ESXi
8 191 (1.03%) KVM
9 173 (0.94%) HDFS
10 160 (0.87%) Oracle RAC
11 146 (0.79%) Xen
12 143 (0.77%) Firmware
13 124 (0.67%) VirtualBox
14 117 (0.63%) Apache Flume
15 102 (0.55%) XenApp
16 96 (0.52%) NFS
17 94 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
18 92 (0.50%) iptables
19 74 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
20 71 (0.38%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 3,063 (16.59%) Puppet
2 3,014 (16.32%) Ansible
3 2,210 (11.97%) Opscode Chef
4 1,626 (8.81%) Kubernetes
5 1,296 (7.02%) Terraform
6 531 (2.88%) Nagios
7 377 (2.04%) Salt
8 225 (1.22%) Packer
9 223 (1.21%) Docker Swarm
10 214 (1.16%) Kibana
10 214 (1.16%) ZABBIX
11 180 (0.97%) SCCM
12 157 (0.85%) logstash
13 150 (0.81%) vCenter Server
14 143 (0.77%) HAProxy
15 130 (0.70%) SCOM
16 127 (0.69%) Graphite
17 120 (0.65%) Grafana
18 116 (0.63%) Rancher
19 114 (0.62%) Consul
Vendors
1 2,544 (13.78%) VMware
2 2,259 (12.23%) Oracle
3 2,198 (11.90%) Microsoft
4 1,860 (10.07%) Red Hat
5 1,115 (6.04%) Cisco
6 801 (4.34%) Google
7 560 (3.03%) Splunk
8 485 (2.63%) IBM
9 464 (2.51%) Citrix
10 452 (2.45%) HP
11 319 (1.73%) Atlassian
12 310 (1.68%) New Relic
13 274 (1.48%) SAP
14 267 (1.45%) Sybase
15 256 (1.39%) NetApp
16 232 (1.26%) ServiceNow
17 228 (1.23%) EMC
18 226 (1.22%) Juniper
19 217 (1.18%) WorldPay
20 216 (1.17%) F5