Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 26 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
26 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 30 25 24
Rank change year-on-year -5 -1 -4
Permanent jobs citing Linux 15,054 8,554 8,329
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.16% 9.23% 9.09%
As % of the Operating Systems category 48.65% 48.65% 43.11%
Number of salaries quoted 6,603 6,372 6,690
10th Percentile £35,750 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £87,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% +1.06% +4.44%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 30,943 17,584 19,319
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.82% 18.97% 21.09%
Number of salaries quoted 16,378 13,801 15,788
10th Percentile £26,250 £27,500 £26,250
25th Percentile £35,750 £36,250 £34,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 26 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 26 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 12,415 £60,000 +4.35% 1,412
UK excluding London 0 7,387 £52,500 +10.53% 986
Work from Home -11 6,475 £59,500 +3.48% 633
London -16 5,661 £75,000 +3.45% 500
South East +4 2,236 £52,500 +5.00% 250
North of England +1 1,724 £52,500 +5.00% 213
South West +3 1,165 £52,500 +10.53% 152
Midlands -6 816 £52,500 +10.53% 116
North West -8 782 £52,500 +10.53% 116
Yorkshire +6 713 £52,500 +5.00% 65
East of England -5 690 £60,000 +14.29% 169
Scotland -6 533 £57,500 +21.05% 65
West Midlands -15 436 £52,500 +3.96% 59
East Midlands 0 378 £55,000 +22.22% 57
North East +1 232 £40,000 -20.00% 32
Wales +10 201 £46,865 +17.16% 21
Northern Ireland +4 121 £52,500 +23.53% 6
Channel Islands -5 5 £50,000 +38.89%

For the 6 months to 26 May 2022, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,765 (38.30%) AWS
2 5,682 (37.74%) Python
3 4,927 (32.73%) Agile
4 4,839 (32.14%) DevOps
5 4,354 (28.92%) Docker
6 4,295 (28.53%) Windows
7 4,137 (27.48%) Kubernetes
8 3,906 (25.95%) Azure
9 3,816 (25.35%) Software Engineering
10 3,464 (23.01%) CI/CD
11 3,301 (21.93%) Social Skills
12 3,291 (21.86%) Java
13 3,123 (20.75%) SQL
14 3,110 (20.66%) Finance
15 2,988 (19.85%) Terraform
16 2,926 (19.44%) Git (software)
17 2,706 (17.98%) Ansible
18 2,516 (16.71%) Degree
19 2,383 (15.83%) JavaScript
20 2,374 (15.77%) Problem-Solving
21 2,329 (15.47%) Jenkins
22 2,227 (14.79%) C++
23 2,100 (13.95%) Bash
24 2,087 (13.86%) Unix
25 2,004 (13.31%) Infrastructure as Code
26 1,923 (12.77%) Computer Science
27 1,843 (12.24%) GCP
28 1,686 (11.20%) Microsoft
29 1,679 (11.15%) Test Automation
30 1,665 (11.06%) MySQL

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 828 (5.50%) Apache
2 749 (4.98%) Elasticsearch
3 487 (3.24%) Confluence
4 408 (2.71%) Tomcat
5 369 (2.45%) IIS
6 308 (2.05%) nginx
7 302 (2.01%) Apache Spark
8 261 (1.73%) JBoss
9 250 (1.66%) OpenStack
10 194 (1.29%) SharePoint
11 158 (1.05%) WebLogic
12 141 (0.94%) GeoServer
12 141 (0.94%) WordPress
13 124 (0.82%) Apache Airflow
14 93 (0.62%) MS Exchange
15 88 (0.58%) Jetty
16 80 (0.53%) WebSphere
17 73 (0.48%) CMS
17 73 (0.48%) Ethereum
18 62 (0.41%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 240 (1.59%) Microsoft Office
2 104 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 75 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 68 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 28 (0.19%) InVision
5 28 (0.19%) Sketch
6 26 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
7 16 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.066%) Campfire
8 10 (0.066%) Revit
8 10 (0.066%) SOLIDWORKS
9 9 (0.060%) Maple
10 8 (0.053%) Maya
11 7 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
12 6 (0.040%) Simulink
13 5 (0.033%) EngageOne
13 5 (0.033%) Houdini
13 5 (0.033%) NUKE
14 4 (0.027%) Photoshop
14 4 (0.027%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 74 (0.49%) Temenos T24
2 62 (0.41%) R3 Corda
3 47 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
4 45 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
4 45 (0.30%) Magento
5 37 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
6 36 (0.24%) Sentinel
7 25 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
8 22 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
9 20 (0.13%) WebTrends
10 17 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
11 16 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
12 12 (0.080%) Ripple
12 12 (0.080%) Ripple XRP
13 11 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
14 8 (0.053%) Oracle EBS
14 8 (0.053%) Shopify
14 8 (0.053%) Summit
15 7 (0.046%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 6 (0.040%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 5,765 (38.30%) AWS
2 3,906 (25.95%) Azure
3 1,843 (12.24%) GCP
4 973 (6.46%) GitHub
5 963 (6.40%) Serverless
6 924 (6.14%) SaaS
7 796 (5.29%) AWS CloudFormation
8 660 (4.38%) Microsoft 365
9 606 (4.03%) Amazon EC2
10 580 (3.85%) AWS Lambda
11 570 (3.79%) OpenShift
12 553 (3.67%) PaaS
13 536 (3.56%) Amazon S3
14 482 (3.20%) Cloud Computing
15 480 (3.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 474 (3.15%) IaaS
17 331 (2.20%) Amazon ECS
18 316 (2.10%) Datadog
19 295 (1.96%) Amazon EKS
20 274 (1.82%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 1,329 (8.83%) Firewall
2 1,097 (7.29%) Wireless
3 1,054 (7.00%) TCP/IP
4 988 (6.56%) HTTP
5 793 (5.27%) DNS
6 480 (3.19%) VPN
7 470 (3.12%) Internet
8 390 (2.59%) DHCP
9 382 (2.54%) WAN
10 372 (2.47%) Network Security
11 342 (2.27%) LAN
12 325 (2.16%) SAN
13 255 (1.69%) SSL
14 183 (1.22%) VoIP
15 158 (1.05%) BGP
16 139 (0.92%) Broadband
17 130 (0.86%) Wi-Fi
18 121 (0.80%) VLAN
19 117 (0.78%) IPsec
20 110 (0.73%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,665 (11.06%) MySQL
2 1,539 (10.22%) PostgreSQL
3 811 (5.39%) SQL Server
4 732 (4.86%) Relational Database
5 693 (4.60%) NoSQL
6 608 (4.04%) MongoDB
7 605 (4.02%) Redis
8 568 (3.77%) Big Data
9 329 (2.19%) Amazon RDS
10 322 (2.14%) Oracle Database
11 308 (2.05%) Hadoop
12 294 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 237 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
14 213 (1.41%) MariaDB
15 197 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
16 191 (1.27%) RDBMS
17 179 (1.19%) InfluxDB
18 174 (1.16%) BigQuery
19 172 (1.14%) GIS
20 156 (1.04%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 2,926 (19.44%) Git (software)
2 2,329 (15.47%) Jenkins
3 1,214 (8.06%) JIRA
4 739 (4.91%) GitLab
5 478 (3.18%) Bitbucket
6 405 (2.69%) Maven
7 334 (2.22%) TeamCity
8 271 (1.80%) JUnit
9 268 (1.78%) Subversion
10 236 (1.57%) Octopus Deploy
11 235 (1.56%) Selenium
12 223 (1.48%) Travis CI
13 218 (1.45%) Gradle
14 175 (1.16%) CircleCI
15 168 (1.12%) Cucumber
16 164 (1.09%) webpack
17 156 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 143 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
19 121 (0.80%) Artifactory
20 120 (0.80%) Mockito
General
1 3,301 (21.93%) Social Skills
2 3,110 (20.66%) Finance
3 1,190 (7.90%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 1,106 (7.35%) Analytical Skills
5 693 (4.60%) Banking
6 640 (4.25%) Public Sector
7 571 (3.79%) Games
8 551 (3.66%) Retail
9 460 (3.06%) Telecoms
10 454 (3.02%) Electronics
11 444 (2.95%) Marketing
12 355 (2.36%) Law
13 287 (1.91%) Manufacturing
14 286 (1.90%) Organisational Skills
15 234 (1.55%) Presentation Skills
16 225 (1.49%) Legal
17 220 (1.46%) Advertising
18 161 (1.07%) Back Office
19 158 (1.05%) Automotive
20 137 (0.91%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,825 (18.77%) Developer
2 2,359 (15.67%) Software Engineer
3 2,251 (14.95%) DevOps Engineer
4 899 (5.97%) IT Technician
5 886 (5.89%) Trainee
6 881 (5.85%) Network Technician
6 881 (5.85%) Trainee IT Technician
6 881 (5.85%) Trainee Technician
7 676 (4.49%) Senior Developer
8 669 (4.44%) Cloud Engineer
9 643 (4.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 626 (4.16%) Senior DevOps
11 619 (4.11%) Architect
12 602 (4.00%) Embedded Engineer
13 594 (3.95%) Senior Software Engineer
14 584 (3.88%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 573 (3.81%) Analyst
16 536 (3.56%) Embedded Software Engineer
17 499 (3.31%) Java Developer
18 453 (3.01%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,281 (8.51%) React
2 1,188 (7.89%) CSS
3 1,176 (7.81%) HTML
4 1,037 (6.89%) REST
5 970 (6.44%) Kafka
6 926 (6.15%) .NET
7 907 (6.02%) Node.js
8 879 (5.84%) Spring
9 756 (5.02%) Elastic Stack
10 688 (4.57%) Web Services
11 681 (4.52%) AngularJS
12 623 (4.14%) RESTful
13 497 (3.30%) LAMP
14 480 (3.19%) Vue.js
15 463 (3.08%) JSON
16 451 (3.00%) HTML5
16 451 (3.00%) Spring Boot
17 445 (2.96%) XML
18 431 (2.86%) Laravel
19 408 (2.71%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 797 (5.29%) Public Cloud
2 774 (5.14%) Linux Command Line
3 698 (4.64%) Self-Motivation
4 637 (4.23%) Algorithms
4 637 (4.23%) User Experience
5 586 (3.89%) Data Centre
6 501 (3.33%) Cloud Native
7 465 (3.09%) IoT
8 426 (2.83%) Management Information System
9 361 (2.40%) Virtual Team
10 338 (2.25%) Cyberattack
11 336 (2.23%) Data Structures
12 279 (1.85%) Mobile App
13 249 (1.65%) Blockchain
14 240 (1.59%) Embedded Systems
15 234 (1.55%) Cyber Defence
16 228 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
17 215 (1.43%) Social Media
18 213 (1.41%) Private Cloud
19 206 (1.37%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 4,295 (28.53%) Windows
2 2,087 (13.86%) Unix
3 974 (6.47%) Windows Server
4 850 (5.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 824 (5.47%) Ubuntu
6 662 (4.40%) CentOS
7 467 (3.10%) Android
8 309 (2.05%) Mac OS
9 278 (1.85%) Apple iOS
10 273 (1.81%) Embedded Linux
11 248 (1.65%) Windows 10
12 205 (1.36%) Windows Server 2012
13 193 (1.28%) Solaris
14 191 (1.27%) Debian
15 187 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
16 165 (1.10%) Windows Server 2019
17 161 (1.07%) Mac OS X
18 115 (0.76%) Mesosphere
19 91 (0.60%) VMS
20 87 (0.58%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,927 (32.73%) Agile
2 4,839 (32.14%) DevOps
3 3,816 (25.35%) Software Engineering
4 3,464 (23.01%) CI/CD
5 2,374 (15.77%) Problem-Solving
6 2,004 (13.31%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,923 (12.77%) Computer Science
8 1,679 (11.15%) Test Automation
9 1,535 (10.20%) Microservices
10 1,465 (9.73%) Mentoring
11 1,402 (9.31%) Continuous Integration
12 1,285 (8.54%) TDD
13 1,269 (8.43%) Scrum
14 1,237 (8.22%) Configuration Management
15 1,232 (8.18%) Open Source
16 1,135 (7.54%) Full Stack Development
17 1,005 (6.68%) Analytics
18 963 (6.40%) Software Testing
19 960 (6.38%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 936 (6.22%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 5,682 (37.74%) Python
2 3,291 (21.86%) Java
3 3,123 (20.75%) SQL
4 2,383 (15.83%) JavaScript
5 2,227 (14.79%) C++
6 2,100 (13.95%) Bash
7 1,393 (9.25%) PowerShell
8 1,359 (9.03%) C
9 1,213 (8.06%) C#
10 1,104 (7.33%) PHP
11 1,065 (7.07%) Go
12 916 (6.08%) Shell Script
13 750 (4.98%) Ruby
14 673 (4.47%) Perl
15 660 (4.38%) TypeScript
16 367 (2.44%) Scala
17 295 (1.96%) Groovy
18 275 (1.83%) T-SQL
19 251 (1.67%) Kotlin
20 234 (1.55%) Rust
Qualifications
1 2,516 (16.71%) Degree
2 1,206 (8.01%) Security Cleared
3 1,183 (7.86%) Cisco Certification
4 1,119 (7.43%) CCNA
5 905 (6.01%) Network+ Certification
6 892 (5.93%) A+ Certification
7 890 (5.91%) Computer Science Degree
8 884 (5.87%) Linux+ Certification
9 855 (5.68%) SC Cleared
10 254 (1.69%) DV Cleared
11 231 (1.53%) AWS Certification
12 219 (1.45%) Microsoft Certification
13 149 (0.99%) CISSP
14 145 (0.96%) PhD
15 142 (0.94%) Master's Degree
16 132 (0.88%) MCSE
17 118 (0.78%) ISTQB
18 106 (0.70%) CCNP
19 83 (0.55%) RHCE
20 76 (0.50%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 910 (6.04%) QA
2 268 (1.78%) SLA
3 257 (1.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 158 (1.05%) GDPR
5 143 (0.95%) PCI DSS
6 107 (0.71%) Accessibility
7 67 (0.45%) Data Quality
8 62 (0.41%) NIST
9 55 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
10 48 (0.32%) SOC 2
11 45 (0.30%) NCSC
12 39 (0.26%) ISO 9001
12 39 (0.26%) MISRA
13 38 (0.25%) Def Stans
13 38 (0.25%) ISO 13485
14 33 (0.22%) IEC 62304
14 33 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 32 (0.21%) HIPAA
16 27 (0.18%) PMO
17 20 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 4,354 (28.92%) Docker
2 960 (6.38%) Active Directory
3 920 (6.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 348 (2.31%) Virtual Machines
5 301 (2.00%) Firmware
6 283 (1.88%) Hyper-V
7 214 (1.42%) vSphere
8 176 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
9 151 (1.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 101 (0.67%) LXC
11 94 (0.62%) KVM
12 90 (0.60%) Oracle RAC
13 59 (0.39%) Xen
14 55 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
15 52 (0.35%) iptables
16 49 (0.33%) NFS
17 37 (0.25%) XenApp
18 32 (0.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
19 31 (0.21%) XenDesktop
20 28 (0.19%) Snort
Systems Management
1 4,137 (27.48%) Kubernetes
2 2,988 (19.85%) Terraform
3 2,706 (17.98%) Ansible
4 1,179 (7.83%) Puppet
5 798 (5.30%) Opscode Chef
6 727 (4.83%) Prometheus
7 603 (4.01%) Grafana
8 302 (2.01%) Kibana
9 196 (1.30%) Consul
10 176 (1.17%) Packer
11 167 (1.11%) logstash
12 152 (1.01%) ZABBIX
13 149 (0.99%) Nagios
14 144 (0.96%) Istio
15 126 (0.84%) SCCM
16 112 (0.74%) Automic
17 103 (0.68%) vCenter Server
18 99 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
19 87 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
20 85 (0.56%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,686 (11.20%) Microsoft
2 1,493 (9.92%) Cisco
3 1,333 (8.85%) VMware
4 1,283 (8.52%) Oracle
5 1,025 (6.81%) Red Hat
6 921 (6.12%) Google
7 623 (4.14%) Splunk
8 259 (1.72%) IBM
9 252 (1.67%) Atlassian
10 207 (1.38%) Juniper
11 183 (1.22%) Citrix
12 177 (1.18%) HP
13 170 (1.13%) Zend
14 158 (1.05%) SolarWinds
15 152 (1.01%) SAP
16 140 (0.93%) F5
17 137 (0.91%) Sun
18 129 (0.86%) Apple
19 125 (0.83%) ServiceNow
20 123 (0.82%) SaltStack