Period
to 21 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 21 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 19785 21323 23047
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.24% 10.82% 10.56%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.34% 42.55% 39.85%
Number of salaries quoted 16097 18077 19471
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year - +2.41% +3.75%

Linux is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Operating System Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 43634 50108 57833
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 24.79% 25.43% 26.49%
Number of salaries quoted 35511 42739 48564
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.65% +2.38%
10th Percentile £25,250 £24,500 £24,250
90th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £38,777
% change year-on-year - +3.16% +3.40%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 18641 £50,000 - 1356
UK excluding London -2 10563 £42,500 - 794
London +1 8931 £60,000 +4.35% 627
South East -1 3766 £45,000 - 234
North of England +5 2278 £42,500 +6.25% 202
East of England -2 1296 £47,000 +4.44% 128
South West -1 1281 £42,500 +6.25% 82
North West +7 1153 £40,000 - 102
Midlands -3 1107 £40,000 - 82
Yorkshire +4 1046 £42,500 +4.94% 91
West Midlands +2 777 £40,000 +6.67% 45
Scotland +4 597 £40,000 -6.98% 54
East Midlands -10 343 £37,500 -6.25% 37
Wales +4 244 £41,250 +3.13% 5
North East -4 79 £38,750 -3.13% 9
Northern Ireland -13 28 £37,750 +4.14% 8
Channel Islands -1 7 £32,500 -10.96%
Isle of Man -5 1 £45,000 +2.86%

For the 6 months to 21 August 2017, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 6541 (33.06%) Windows
2 5680 (28.71%) Java
3 5340 (26.99%) Python
4 5338 (26.98%) Agile Software Development
5 4783 (24.17%) DevOps
6 4660 (23.55%) Unix
7 4430 (22.39%) SQL
8 4067 (20.56%) Amazon AWS
9 4020 (20.32%) Finance
10 3395 (17.16%) MySQL
11 3356 (16.96%) JavaScript
12 3226 (16.31%) Puppet
13 3120 (15.77%) Git (software)
14 3047 (15.40%) Degree
15 2864 (14.48%) VMware
16 2763 (13.97%) C++
17 2702 (13.66%) Software Engineering
18 2566 (12.97%) HTML
19 2558 (12.93%) Jenkins
20 2553 (12.90%) Bash Shell
21 2541 (12.84%) PHP
22 2525 (12.76%) Ansible
23 2490 (12.59%) Oracle
24 2417 (12.22%) Red Hat
25 2367 (11.96%) Docker
26 2313 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
27 2295 (11.60%) Opscode Chef
28 2227 (11.26%) Apache
29 2195 (11.09%) CSS
30 2117 (10.70%) Microsoft

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2227 (11.26%) Apache
2 1156 (5.84%) Tomcat
3 715 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
4 695 (3.51%) nginx
5 676 (3.42%) IIS
6 598 (3.02%) OpenStack
7 596 (3.01%) JBoss
8 479 (2.42%) Confluence
9 457 (2.31%) WebLogic
10 450 (2.27%) MS Exchange
11 388 (1.96%) WebSphere
12 324 (1.64%) Apache Spark
13 280 (1.42%) CMS
14 249 (1.26%) SharePoint
15 225 (1.14%) WordPress
16 195 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 171 (0.86%) Drupal
18 167 (0.84%) Apache Solr
19 164 (0.83%) Exchange Server 2010
20 148 (0.75%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 322 (1.63%) Microsoft Office
2 176 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
3 73 (0.37%) Photoshop
4 65 (0.33%) MS Visio
5 49 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 40 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
7 20 (0.10%) Simulink
8 18 (0.091%) SPSS
9 15 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.071%) Maya
11 11 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
11 11 (0.056%) SOLIDWORKS
12 9 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 7 (0.035%) 3ds Max
13 7 (0.035%) Campfire
13 7 (0.035%) HipChat
13 7 (0.035%) Houdini
13 7 (0.035%) InDesign
13 7 (0.035%) Inkscape
13 7 (0.035%) Maple
Business Applications
1 164 (0.83%) Magento
2 51 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
3 48 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 37 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 25 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 23 (0.12%) RMDS
7 20 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
8 17 (0.086%) Oracle EBS R12
9 16 (0.081%) assyst
10 15 (0.076%) JDE EnterpriseOne
11 14 (0.071%) SAP BPC
12 13 (0.066%) SAP Hybris
13 12 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
14 11 (0.056%) Dynamics AX
14 11 (0.056%) Temenos T24
15 10 (0.051%) Workfront
16 8 (0.040%) Markit EDM
17 7 (0.035%) BusinessWorks
17 7 (0.035%) Oracle BPM
17 7 (0.035%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 4067 (20.56%) Amazon AWS
2 1579 (7.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 746 (3.77%) SaaS
4 550 (2.78%) GitHub
5 535 (2.70%) Office 365
6 523 (2.64%) Amazon EC2
7 357 (1.80%) AWS CloudFormation
8 347 (1.75%) IaaS
9 329 (1.66%) Google Cloud Platform
10 315 (1.59%) PaaS
11 312 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
12 294 (1.49%) Amazon S3
13 170 (0.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 112 (0.57%) Amazon ELB
15 107 (0.54%) OpenShift
16 99 (0.50%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 97 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 83 (0.42%) AWS Lambda
19 73 (0.37%) Amazon SQS
20 71 (0.36%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 2096 (10.59%) Firewall
2 1658 (8.38%) TCP/IP
3 1338 (6.76%) DNS
4 926 (4.68%) SAN
5 797 (4.03%) Internet
6 767 (3.88%) VPN
7 723 (3.65%) WAN
8 631 (3.19%) HTTP
8 631 (3.19%) LAN
9 616 (3.11%) DHCP
10 470 (2.38%) Network Security
11 389 (1.97%) VLAN
12 380 (1.92%) BGP
13 366 (1.85%) VoIP
14 359 (1.81%) SSL
15 352 (1.78%) Wireless
16 312 (1.58%) OSPF
17 309 (1.56%) Ethernet
18 307 (1.55%) MPLS
19 292 (1.48%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3395 (17.16%) MySQL
2 1786 (9.03%) SQL Server
3 1294 (6.54%) MongoDB
4 1203 (6.08%) NoSQL
5 1071 (5.41%) Relational Database
6 963 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
7 781 (3.95%) Big Data
8 624 (3.15%) Apache Cassandra
9 567 (2.87%) Hadoop
10 550 (2.78%) Oracle Database
11 486 (2.46%) RDBMS
12 463 (2.34%) Redis
13 274 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
14 265 (1.34%) Data Warehouse
15 225 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 192 (0.97%) DB2
16 192 (0.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 189 (0.96%) Oracle Database 12c
18 162 (0.82%) Blockchain
18 162 (0.82%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 3120 (15.77%) Git (software)
2 2558 (12.93%) Jenkins
3 1403 (7.09%) JIRA
4 887 (4.48%) Subversion
5 751 (3.80%) Maven
6 638 (3.22%) TeamCity
7 559 (2.83%) Selenium
8 479 (2.42%) JUnit
9 474 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 329 (1.66%) Vagrant
11 301 (1.52%) Cucumber
12 289 (1.46%) Eclipse
13 265 (1.34%) Bitbucket
14 261 (1.32%) Gradle
15 236 (1.19%) Visual Studio
16 212 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
17 185 (0.94%) Octopus Deploy
18 178 (0.90%) Team Foundation Server
19 176 (0.89%) Ant
20 173 (0.87%) gulp
General
1 4020 (20.32%) Finance
2 1615 (8.16%) Banking
3 1195 (6.04%) Telecoms
4 1107 (5.60%) Retail
5 901 (4.55%) Marketing
6 740 (3.74%) Investment Banking
7 621 (3.14%) Electronics
8 583 (2.95%) Games
9 509 (2.57%) Retail Banking
10 492 (2.49%) Manufacturing
11 384 (1.94%) Front Office
12 242 (1.22%) Advertising
13 221 (1.12%) Automotive
14 193 (0.98%) Legal
15 190 (0.96%) Back Office
16 166 (0.84%) Financial Institution
17 145 (0.73%) Law
18 134 (0.68%) Publishing
19 79 (0.40%) Aerospace
20 77 (0.39%) German Language
Job Titles
1 5329 (26.93%) Developer
2 2473 (12.50%) DevOps Engineer
3 1829 (9.24%) Linux Engineer
4 1494 (7.55%) Java Developer
5 1487 (7.52%) Administrator
6 1457 (7.36%) Software Engineer
7 1348 (6.81%) Analyst
8 1085 (5.48%) PHP Developer
9 1032 (5.22%) Senior Developer
10 993 (5.02%) Systems Administrator
11 867 (4.38%) Support Engineer
12 850 (4.30%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 843 (4.26%) Linux Administrator
14 798 (4.03%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 742 (3.75%) Systems Engineer
16 710 (3.59%) Software Developer
17 684 (3.46%) Linux Systems Administrator
18 659 (3.33%) Consultant
19 624 (3.15%) Architect
20 609 (3.08%) Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2566 (12.97%) HTML
2 2195 (11.09%) CSS
3 1867 (9.44%) Web Services
4 1293 (6.54%) LAMP
5 1246 (6.30%) Spring
6 1162 (5.87%) .NET
7 1102 (5.57%) AngularJS
8 1052 (5.32%) jQuery
9 1043 (5.27%) XML
10 970 (4.90%) HTML5
11 942 (4.76%) REST
12 909 (4.59%) Node.js
13 756 (3.82%) RESTful
14 724 (3.66%) SOAP
15 692 (3.50%) JSON
16 689 (3.48%) Hibernate
17 526 (2.66%) CSS3
18 505 (2.55%) Middleware
19 489 (2.47%) React
20 482 (2.44%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 2047 (10.35%) Computer Science
2 1289 (6.52%) Data Centre
3 1240 (6.27%) Analytical Skills
4 751 (3.80%) Linux Command Line
5 560 (2.83%) Fintech
6 483 (2.44%) Management Information System
7 473 (2.39%) Algorithms
8 452 (2.28%) User Experience
9 375 (1.90%) Derivative
10 370 (1.87%) Clustering
10 370 (1.87%) Equities
10 370 (1.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 369 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
12 333 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
13 317 (1.60%) Mobile App
14 307 (1.55%) Public Cloud
15 277 (1.40%) Data Structures
16 259 (1.31%) Replication
17 252 (1.27%) iPad
18 250 (1.26%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 6541 (33.06%) Windows
2 4660 (23.55%) Unix
3 1813 (9.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1733 (8.76%) Windows Server
5 1445 (7.30%) CentOS
6 1009 (5.10%) Ubuntu
7 795 (4.02%) Solaris
8 713 (3.60%) Windows Server 2012
9 684 (3.46%) Windows Server 2008
10 615 (3.11%) Android
11 551 (2.78%) Debian
12 425 (2.15%) Apple iOS
13 360 (1.82%) AIX
14 300 (1.52%) Mac OS X
15 273 (1.38%) Windows 7
16 249 (1.26%) Embedded Linux
17 234 (1.18%) Mac OS
18 211 (1.07%) Windows Server 2003
19 177 (0.89%) Windows 10
20 113 (0.57%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 5338 (26.98%) Agile Software Development
2 4783 (24.17%) DevOps
3 2702 (13.66%) Software Engineering
4 2313 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
5 1818 (9.19%) OO
6 1801 (9.10%) Scrum
7 1741 (8.80%) Configuration Management
8 1739 (8.79%) TDD
9 1648 (8.33%) ITIL
10 1590 (8.04%) Open Source
11 1420 (7.18%) Test Automation
12 1182 (5.97%) E-Commerce
13 1112 (5.62%) SDLC
14 1109 (5.61%) MVC
15 1034 (5.23%) Mentoring
16 1031 (5.21%) Web Development
17 915 (4.62%) High Availability
18 907 (4.58%) Microservices
19 893 (4.51%) Business Intelligence
20 844 (4.27%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 5680 (28.71%) Java
2 5340 (26.99%) Python
3 4430 (22.39%) SQL
4 3356 (16.96%) JavaScript
5 2763 (13.97%) C++
6 2553 (12.90%) Bash Shell
7 2541 (12.84%) PHP
8 2105 (10.64%) Perl
9 1866 (9.43%) Ruby
10 1768 (8.94%) C
11 1382 (6.99%) Shell Script
12 1329 (6.72%) C#
13 1315 (6.65%) PowerShell
14 456 (2.30%) Scala
15 403 (2.04%) Go
16 397 (2.01%) PL/SQL
17 293 (1.48%) Groovy
18 206 (1.04%) T-SQL
19 201 (1.02%) Embedded C
20 188 (0.95%) VB
Qualifications
1 3047 (15.40%) Degree
2 925 (4.68%) Computer Science Degree
3 907 (4.58%) Security Cleared
4 734 (3.71%) Cisco Certification
5 438 (2.21%) CCNA
6 425 (2.15%) SC Cleared
7 399 (2.02%) CISSP
8 390 (1.97%) CCNP
9 325 (1.64%) Microsoft Certification
10 304 (1.54%) DV Cleared
11 249 (1.26%) CISM
12 221 (1.12%) MCSE
13 207 (1.05%) PhD
14 177 (0.89%) RHCE
15 165 (0.83%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 153 (0.77%) MCSA
17 148 (0.75%) ISTQB
18 143 (0.72%) ISEB
19 135 (0.68%) GIAC
20 127 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1007 (5.09%) QA
2 563 (2.85%) SLA
3 332 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 209 (1.06%) PCI DSS
5 87 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 66 (0.33%) GCP
7 61 (0.31%) ISO 9001
8 57 (0.29%) GDPR
9 53 (0.27%) Data Quality
10 39 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 36 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 29 (0.15%) PMO
13 27 (0.14%) COBIT
14 21 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
15 19 (0.096%) MiFID
15 19 (0.096%) NIST 800
16 15 (0.076%) SSAE 16
17 11 (0.056%) Disclosure Scotland
18 10 (0.051%) MISRA
19 9 (0.045%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 2367 (11.96%) Docker
2 1867 (9.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1598 (8.08%) Active Directory
4 583 (2.95%) Hyper-V
5 481 (2.43%) vSphere
6 397 (2.01%) Virtual Machines
7 368 (1.86%) VMware ESXi
8 273 (1.38%) KVM
9 265 (1.34%) Xen
10 200 (1.01%) NFS
11 191 (0.97%) Firmware
11 191 (0.97%) XenServer
12 179 (0.90%) XenApp
13 139 (0.70%) iptables
14 118 (0.60%) LXC
15 112 (0.57%) Snort
16 111 (0.56%) Virtual Servers
17 110 (0.56%) Oracle RAC
18 94 (0.48%) XenDesktop
19 88 (0.44%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 3226 (16.31%) Puppet
2 2525 (12.76%) Ansible
3 2295 (11.60%) Opscode Chef
4 877 (4.43%) Kubernetes
5 759 (3.84%) Nagios
6 669 (3.38%) Terraform
7 311 (1.57%) SCCM
8 261 (1.32%) Salt
9 243 (1.23%) ZABBIX
10 187 (0.95%) Grafana
11 179 (0.90%) SCOM
12 170 (0.86%) Tivoli
13 161 (0.81%) Nessus
14 155 (0.78%) Packer
15 144 (0.73%) WSUS
16 143 (0.72%) logstash
17 142 (0.72%) HAProxy
18 134 (0.68%) Kibana
19 131 (0.66%) NetBackup
20 123 (0.62%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 2864 (14.48%) VMware
2 2490 (12.59%) Oracle
3 2417 (12.22%) Red Hat
4 2117 (10.70%) Microsoft
5 1651 (8.34%) Cisco
6 633 (3.20%) HP
7 556 (2.81%) Citrix
8 542 (2.74%) Juniper
9 537 (2.71%) IBM
10 489 (2.47%) Google
11 481 (2.43%) Splunk
12 477 (2.41%) SAP
13 417 (2.11%) NetApp
14 352 (1.78%) F5
15 316 (1.60%) CheckPoint
16 285 (1.44%) Sybase
17 278 (1.41%) Zend
18 273 (1.38%) Atlassian
19 267 (1.35%) EMC
20 261 (1.32%) Palo Alto