Period
to 6 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 6 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
6 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 22 18 16
Rank change year-on-year -4 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 7,933 15,097 18,306
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.16% 10.50% 10.58%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.59% 45.78% 45.22%
Number of salaries quoted 6,767 12,497 15,195
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.91% +1.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,591 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.19% +1.31% +5.88%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,198 32,978 40,480
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.02% 22.93% 23.39%
Number of salaries quoted 14,714 26,213 32,720
Median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.11% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,750 £25,738
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,000 £42,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 6 June 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 6 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 7,296 £55,000 - 893
UK excluding London -3 4,637 £47,500 +4.19% 646
London -7 3,124 £67,500 +3.85% 303
South East 0 1,585 £50,000 - 154
North of England -6 859 £50,000 +11.11% 167
South West -1 714 £45,000 - 86
Midlands +4 579 £47,500 +7.95% 78
Work from Home -5 531 £60,000 -4.00% 123
North West +1 507 £50,000 +11.11% 108
East of England -6 432 £50,000 - 105
West Midlands +8 406 £47,500 +7.95% 49
Yorkshire -11 293 £50,000 +3.17% 40
Scotland -3 269 £50,000 +17.65% 20
East Midlands -2 167 £45,000 -2.70% 28
Wales +1 160 £40,000 - 27
North East -19 59 £40,000 -15.79% 19
Northern Ireland -6 51 £41,750 -16.50% 9

For the 6 months to 6 June 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,891 (36.44%) Windows
2 2,732 (34.44%) Python
3 2,275 (28.68%) AWS
4 2,243 (28.27%) DevOps
5 2,064 (26.02%) Agile Software Development
6 1,865 (23.51%) Docker
7 1,766 (22.26%) Java
8 1,718 (21.66%) SQL
9 1,529 (19.27%) Azure
10 1,441 (18.16%) Finance
11 1,424 (17.95%) Unix
12 1,386 (17.47%) Git (software)
13 1,380 (17.40%) JavaScript
14 1,350 (17.02%) Kubernetes
15 1,282 (16.16%) Ansible
16 1,242 (15.66%) Software Engineering
17 1,232 (15.53%) Bash Shell
18 1,147 (14.46%) Microsoft
19 1,139 (14.36%) VMware
20 993 (12.52%) Jenkins
21 984 (12.40%) MySQL
22 953 (12.01%) C++
23 951 (11.99%) Problem-Solving
24 934 (11.77%) Terraform
25 899 (11.33%) Degree
26 897 (11.31%) PHP
27 852 (10.74%) PowerShell
28 812 (10.24%) Windows Server
29 775 (9.77%) VMware Infrastructure
30 771 (9.72%) Oracle

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 485 (6.11%) Apache
2 257 (3.24%) Confluence
3 253 (3.19%) Tomcat
4 239 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
5 182 (2.29%) IIS
6 161 (2.03%) OpenStack
7 153 (1.93%) Apache Spark
8 135 (1.70%) nginx
9 112 (1.41%) WebSphere
10 99 (1.25%) MS Exchange
11 90 (1.13%) JBoss
12 67 (0.84%) WebLogic
13 64 (0.81%) SharePoint
14 51 (0.64%) WordPress
15 44 (0.55%) CMS
16 42 (0.53%) Apache Solr
17 36 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
18 30 (0.38%) Drupal
19 29 (0.37%) SAS
20 27 (0.34%) WildFly
Applications
1 120 (1.51%) Microsoft Office
2 83 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 45 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 42 (0.53%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.14%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.088%) Gliffy
8 5 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.063%) Simulink
8 5 (0.063%) Windchill
9 4 (0.050%) Abaqus
9 4 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
9 4 (0.050%) Adobe XD
10 2 (0.025%) Avid Media Composer
10 2 (0.025%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.025%) Final Cut Pro
10 2 (0.025%) Gephi
11 1 (0.013%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.013%) OrCAD
11 1 (0.013%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 44 (0.55%) Magento
2 24 (0.30%) Salerio
3 17 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
4 16 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 15 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
6 10 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.13%) SAP CRM
7 9 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
8 7 (0.088%) SAP ERP
9 6 (0.076%) Dynamics AX
9 6 (0.076%) Markit EDM
9 6 (0.076%) OpenCart
9 6 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.063%) Eikon
10 5 (0.063%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.063%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.063%) Oracle ERP
10 5 (0.063%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
11 4 (0.050%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 2,275 (28.68%) AWS
2 1,529 (19.27%) Azure
3 572 (7.21%) GCP
4 404 (5.09%) SaaS
5 383 (4.83%) Office 365
6 250 (3.15%) PaaS
7 242 (3.05%) AWS CloudFormation
8 228 (2.87%) IaaS
9 211 (2.66%) GitHub
9 211 (2.66%) Serverless
10 206 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
11 156 (1.97%) Amazon S3
12 155 (1.95%) OpenShift
13 140 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
14 126 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
15 103 (1.30%) Azure Active Directory
16 101 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 97 (1.22%) Amazon ECS
18 95 (1.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 67 (0.84%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 766 (9.66%) Firewall
2 580 (7.31%) TCP/IP
3 459 (5.79%) DNS
4 289 (3.64%) SAN
5 269 (3.39%) WAN
6 267 (3.37%) VPN
7 245 (3.09%) LAN
8 241 (3.04%) Internet
9 233 (2.94%) DHCP
10 230 (2.90%) HTTP
10 230 (2.90%) Network Security
11 145 (1.83%) VoIP
12 126 (1.59%) Wireless
13 124 (1.56%) Wireshark
14 116 (1.46%) SSL
15 108 (1.36%) VLAN
16 100 (1.26%) SSH
17 95 (1.20%) BGP
18 91 (1.15%) OSPF
19 86 (1.08%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 984 (12.40%) MySQL
2 761 (9.59%) SQL Server
3 439 (5.53%) NoSQL
4 424 (5.34%) PostgreSQL
5 336 (4.24%) MongoDB
6 316 (3.98%) Relational Database
7 307 (3.87%) Big Data
8 196 (2.47%) Redis
9 194 (2.45%) Hadoop
10 180 (2.27%) Oracle Database
11 167 (2.11%) Amazon RDS
12 140 (1.76%) RDBMS
13 97 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
14 69 (0.87%) MariaDB
15 67 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
16 63 (0.79%) DB2
17 56 (0.71%) Blockchain
18 55 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 51 (0.64%) Oracle Reports
20 40 (0.50%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,386 (17.47%) Git (software)
2 993 (12.52%) Jenkins
3 605 (7.63%) JIRA
4 211 (2.66%) GitLab
5 159 (2.00%) Selenium
6 155 (1.95%) Subversion
7 148 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 140 (1.76%) Bitbucket
9 138 (1.74%) Maven
10 100 (1.26%) Sonatype Nexus
11 99 (1.25%) TeamCity
12 81 (1.02%) Vagrant
13 68 (0.86%) Visual Studio
14 64 (0.81%) Artifactory
14 64 (0.81%) JUnit
15 62 (0.78%) Cucumber
16 51 (0.64%) Gradle
17 48 (0.61%) JMeter
18 46 (0.58%) PHPUnit
19 45 (0.57%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,441 (18.16%) Finance
2 338 (4.26%) Retail
3 276 (3.48%) Banking
4 205 (2.58%) Telecoms
5 203 (2.56%) Public Sector
6 161 (2.03%) Marketing
7 148 (1.87%) Games
8 136 (1.71%) Manufacturing
9 116 (1.46%) Electronics
10 115 (1.45%) Front Office
11 98 (1.24%) Legal
12 95 (1.20%) Law
13 93 (1.17%) Advertising
14 82 (1.03%) Financial Institution
15 78 (0.98%) Aerospace
15 78 (0.98%) Back Office
16 75 (0.95%) Automotive
17 52 (0.66%) Military
18 40 (0.50%) Investment Banking
19 28 (0.35%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,826 (23.02%) Developer
2 1,082 (13.64%) DevOps Engineer
3 719 (9.06%) Software Engineer
4 462 (5.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 444 (5.60%) Analyst
6 424 (5.34%) Linux Engineer
7 418 (5.27%) Senior Developer
8 399 (5.03%) Administrator
9 375 (4.73%) Java Developer
10 354 (4.46%) PHP Developer
11 304 (3.83%) Architect
12 303 (3.82%) Support Engineer
13 281 (3.54%) AWS Engineer
14 275 (3.47%) Systems Administrator
15 274 (3.45%) Cloud Engineer
16 270 (3.40%) Software Developer
17 257 (3.24%) Junior
18 231 (2.91%) Consultant
19 227 (2.86%) Applications Support
20 211 (2.66%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 765 (9.64%) HTML
2 662 (8.34%) CSS
3 518 (6.53%) Web Services
4 484 (6.10%) .NET
5 460 (5.80%) Node.js
6 456 (5.75%) REST
7 339 (4.27%) RESTful
8 317 (4.00%) Spring
9 311 (3.92%) AngularJS
10 305 (3.84%) LAMP
11 304 (3.83%) React
12 303 (3.82%) jQuery
13 276 (3.48%) Kafka
14 267 (3.37%) XML
15 235 (2.96%) Elastic Stack
16 233 (2.94%) HTML5
17 230 (2.90%) SOAP
18 223 (2.81%) Middleware
19 220 (2.77%) Laravel
20 178 (2.24%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 614 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
2 482 (6.08%) Data Centre
3 388 (4.89%) Public Cloud
4 313 (3.95%) Linux Command Line
5 242 (3.05%) Self-Motivation
6 223 (2.81%) User Experience
7 212 (2.67%) Management Information System
8 172 (2.17%) Mobile App
9 165 (2.08%) Greenfield Project
10 161 (2.03%) Algorithms
11 117 (1.47%) Data Structures
12 109 (1.37%) Cloud Native
13 98 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
13 98 (1.24%) Private Cloud
14 96 (1.21%) Derivative
15 95 (1.20%) PKI
16 91 (1.15%) Clustering
17 87 (1.10%) Replication
18 79 (1.00%) Hedge funds
19 74 (0.93%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 2,891 (36.44%) Windows
2 1,424 (17.95%) Unix
3 812 (10.24%) Windows Server
4 566 (7.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 488 (6.15%) CentOS
6 354 (4.46%) Ubuntu
7 256 (3.23%) Android
8 223 (2.81%) Apple iOS
9 210 (2.65%) Windows Server 2012
10 175 (2.21%) Windows Server 2016
11 171 (2.16%) Solaris
12 146 (1.84%) Debian
13 134 (1.69%) Mac OS X
14 132 (1.66%) Windows 10
15 116 (1.46%) Embedded Linux
16 115 (1.45%) Mac OS
17 113 (1.42%) Windows Server 2008
18 107 (1.35%) Windows 7
19 78 (0.98%) AIX
20 53 (0.67%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,243 (28.27%) DevOps
2 2,064 (26.02%) Agile Software Development
3 1,242 (15.66%) Software Engineering
4 951 (11.99%) Problem-Solving
5 672 (8.47%) Configuration Management
6 665 (8.38%) Test Automation
7 660 (8.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 634 (7.99%) Continuous Integration
9 584 (7.36%) Computer Science
10 573 (7.22%) Open Source
11 561 (7.07%) Microservices
12 539 (6.79%) ITIL
13 531 (6.69%) Mentoring
14 527 (6.64%) TDD
15 514 (6.48%) Scrum
16 500 (6.30%) OO
17 431 (5.43%) Infrastructure as Code
18 415 (5.23%) Fintech
19 414 (5.22%) Cybersecurity
20 382 (4.82%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,732 (34.44%) Python
2 1,766 (22.26%) Java
3 1,718 (21.66%) SQL
4 1,380 (17.40%) JavaScript
5 1,232 (15.53%) Bash Shell
6 953 (12.01%) C++
7 897 (11.31%) PHP
8 852 (10.74%) PowerShell
9 691 (8.71%) C#
10 676 (8.52%) C
11 480 (6.05%) Perl
12 464 (5.85%) Ruby
13 383 (4.83%) Go
14 356 (4.49%) Shell Script
15 188 (2.37%) PL/SQL
16 164 (2.07%) Java 8
17 138 (1.74%) Scala
18 118 (1.49%) Groovy
19 100 (1.26%) R
20 84 (1.06%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 899 (11.33%) Degree
2 544 (6.86%) Security Cleared
3 302 (3.81%) SC Cleared
4 291 (3.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 246 (3.10%) Cisco Certification
6 201 (2.53%) DV Cleared
7 159 (2.00%) CCNA
8 153 (1.93%) Microsoft Certification
9 141 (1.78%) CISSP
10 109 (1.37%) MCSE
11 100 (1.26%) CCNP
12 77 (0.97%) MCSA
13 76 (0.96%) CISM
14 66 (0.83%) AWS Certification
15 65 (0.82%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 64 (0.81%) RHCE
17 58 (0.73%) SANS
18 50 (0.63%) ITIL Certification
19 49 (0.62%) CISA
20 48 (0.61%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 322 (4.06%) QA
2 181 (2.28%) SLA
3 157 (1.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 131 (1.65%) GDPR
5 77 (0.97%) PCI DSS
6 41 (0.52%) NIST
7 34 (0.43%) Cyber Essentials
8 21 (0.26%) NCSC
9 18 (0.23%) ISO 9001
10 15 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 14 (0.18%) NIST 800
12 11 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 11 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 10 (0.13%) Data Quality
14 8 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 8 (0.10%) Government Security Classifications
14 8 (0.10%) ISO 22301
15 7 (0.088%) COBIT
16 5 (0.063%) AICPA
16 5 (0.063%) HL7
System Software
1 1,865 (23.51%) Docker
2 775 (9.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 681 (8.58%) Active Directory
4 248 (3.13%) Hyper-V
5 188 (2.37%) vSphere
6 168 (2.12%) VMware ESXi
7 161 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
8 78 (0.98%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 78 (0.98%) KVM
9 67 (0.84%) Firmware
9 67 (0.84%) Virtual Servers
10 62 (0.78%) XenApp
11 55 (0.69%) NFS
12 45 (0.57%) Xen
13 35 (0.44%) VMware NSX
13 35 (0.44%) XenDesktop
14 34 (0.43%) VirtualBox
15 26 (0.33%) Samba
16 24 (0.30%) LXC
17 23 (0.29%) Kamailio
Systems Management
1 1,350 (17.02%) Kubernetes
2 1,282 (16.16%) Ansible
3 934 (11.77%) Terraform
4 761 (9.59%) Puppet
5 496 (6.25%) Opscode Chef
6 164 (2.07%) SCCM
7 145 (1.83%) Nagios
8 142 (1.79%) Grafana
9 131 (1.65%) Packer
10 121 (1.53%) Prometheus
11 91 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
12 89 (1.12%) SCOM
13 83 (1.05%) Salt
14 77 (0.97%) ZABBIX
15 72 (0.91%) Nessus
16 69 (0.87%) Mesos
17 67 (0.84%) WSUS
18 49 (0.62%) Kibana
19 48 (0.61%) vCenter Server
20 44 (0.55%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,147 (14.46%) Microsoft
2 1,139 (14.36%) VMware
3 771 (9.72%) Oracle
4 709 (8.94%) Red Hat
5 432 (5.45%) Cisco
6 356 (4.49%) Google
7 235 (2.96%) HP
8 194 (2.45%) Splunk
9 188 (2.37%) IBM
10 169 (2.13%) Atlassian
11 138 (1.74%) Juniper
12 137 (1.73%) Citrix
13 124 (1.56%) Dell
14 123 (1.55%) SAP
15 114 (1.44%) NetApp
16 94 (1.18%) Zend
17 93 (1.17%) EMC
18 91 (1.15%) F5
19 84 (1.06%) ServiceNow
19 84 (1.06%) Veeam