Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 21 19 16
Rank change year-on-year -2 -3 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 6,390 14,795 18,194
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.60% 10.34% 10.52%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.08% 45.35% 45.52%
Number of salaries quoted 5,569 12,025 15,092
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 14,176 32,623 39,973
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.30% 22.81% 23.12%
Number of salaries quoted 11,510 25,774 32,129
Median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £25,625 £25,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £41,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +8.43% +1.22% +2.50%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 5,861 £55,000 - 936
UK excluding London -3 3,713 £47,500 +3.26% 661
London -5 2,532 £67,500 - 340
South East -1 1,161 £50,000 - 130
North of England -4 717 £50,000 +11.11% 161
South West -3 590 £45,000 - 119
Work from Home -5 502 £55,000 -12.00% 154
Midlands 0 447 £47,500 +11.76% 69
North West +3 421 £50,000 +16.28% 102
East of England -1 392 £50,000 - 115
West Midlands -1 299 £47,500 +11.76% 48
Scotland +2 250 £52,500 +23.53% 42
Yorkshire -13 240 £50,000 +5.26% 50
East Midlands +8 141 £45,000 - 19
Wales +5 112 £40,000 -4.76% 17
North East -8 56 £44,000 -2.27% 9
Northern Ireland -4 49 £42,500 -12.82% 9

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,271 (35.54%) Python
2 2,266 (35.46%) Windows
3 1,939 (30.34%) AWS
4 1,858 (29.08%) DevOps
5 1,674 (26.20%) Agile Software Development
6 1,442 (22.57%) Docker
7 1,343 (21.02%) Java
8 1,309 (20.49%) SQL
9 1,282 (20.06%) Azure
10 1,172 (18.34%) Git (software)
11 1,143 (17.89%) JavaScript
12 1,083 (16.95%) Finance
13 1,079 (16.89%) Unix
14 1,072 (16.78%) Kubernetes
15 1,039 (16.26%) Ansible
16 992 (15.52%) Bash Shell
17 943 (14.76%) VMware
18 932 (14.59%) Software Engineering
19 920 (14.40%) Microsoft
20 883 (13.82%) Terraform
21 847 (13.26%) Jenkins
22 833 (13.04%) MySQL
23 754 (11.80%) C++
24 747 (11.69%) Problem-Solving
25 740 (11.58%) PHP
26 713 (11.16%) PowerShell
27 709 (11.10%) Degree
28 645 (10.09%) VMware Infrastructure
29 634 (9.92%) HTML
30 624 (9.77%) Puppet

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 403 (6.31%) Apache
2 248 (3.88%) Confluence
3 214 (3.35%) Elasticsearch
4 187 (2.93%) Tomcat
5 114 (1.78%) OpenStack
6 112 (1.75%) nginx
7 106 (1.66%) Apache Spark
8 96 (1.50%) IIS
9 83 (1.30%) WebSphere
10 66 (1.03%) SharePoint
11 63 (0.99%) MS Exchange
12 57 (0.89%) WebLogic
13 53 (0.83%) JBoss
14 42 (0.66%) CMS
15 41 (0.64%) WordPress
16 31 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
17 26 (0.41%) Apache Solr
18 23 (0.36%) Drupal
19 21 (0.33%) SAS
19 21 (0.33%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 95 (1.49%) Microsoft Office
2 69 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 38 (0.59%) MS Visio
4 31 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.16%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (0.094%) Gliffy
7 4 (0.063%) Abaqus
7 4 (0.063%) Adobe XD
8 3 (0.047%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.047%) Simulink
8 3 (0.047%) Windchill
9 2 (0.031%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.031%) Fireworks
9 2 (0.031%) Gephi
9 2 (0.031%) Inkscape
9 2 (0.031%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.016%) CATIA
10 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.016%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 43 (0.67%) Magento
2 26 (0.41%) Sentinel
3 13 (0.20%) Salerio
4 12 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
5 9 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 8 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 7 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.094%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.078%) Dynamics NAV
9 5 (0.078%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
10 4 (0.063%) FLEXCUBE
10 4 (0.063%) Markit EDM
10 4 (0.063%) OpenCart
10 4 (0.063%) Oracle EBS R12
10 4 (0.063%) Shopify
11 2 (0.031%) Hyperion Planning
11 2 (0.031%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 2 (0.031%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 1,939 (30.34%) AWS
2 1,282 (20.06%) Azure
3 485 (7.59%) GCP
4 337 (5.27%) SaaS
5 321 (5.02%) Office 365
6 226 (3.54%) AWS CloudFormation
7 217 (3.40%) PaaS
8 198 (3.10%) Serverless
9 194 (3.04%) IaaS
10 188 (2.94%) GitHub
11 187 (2.93%) Amazon EC2
12 135 (2.11%) AWS Lambda
13 130 (2.03%) OpenShift
14 129 (2.02%) Amazon S3
15 124 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
16 100 (1.56%) Azure Active Directory
17 77 (1.21%) Amazon ECS
18 76 (1.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 60 (0.94%) Slack
20 56 (0.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 607 (9.50%) Firewall
2 465 (7.28%) TCP/IP
3 373 (5.84%) DNS
4 228 (3.57%) VPN
5 214 (3.35%) SAN
6 211 (3.30%) WAN
7 210 (3.29%) Network Security
8 200 (3.13%) LAN
9 186 (2.91%) DHCP
10 179 (2.80%) HTTP
11 161 (2.52%) Internet
12 142 (2.22%) Wireless
13 140 (2.19%) VoIP
14 120 (1.88%) Wireshark
15 95 (1.49%) SSL
16 91 (1.42%) OSPF
17 85 (1.33%) SSH
17 85 (1.33%) VLAN
18 81 (1.27%) Wi-Fi
19 80 (1.25%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 833 (13.04%) MySQL
2 616 (9.64%) SQL Server
3 380 (5.95%) NoSQL
4 337 (5.27%) PostgreSQL
5 302 (4.73%) MongoDB
6 230 (3.60%) Big Data
6 230 (3.60%) Relational Database
7 161 (2.52%) Hadoop
8 145 (2.27%) Redis
9 138 (2.16%) Oracle Database
10 124 (1.94%) Amazon RDS
11 96 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
12 90 (1.41%) RDBMS
13 73 (1.14%) MariaDB
14 55 (0.86%) Oracle Reports
15 49 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 44 (0.69%) Data Warehouse
17 43 (0.67%) DB2
18 41 (0.64%) Blockchain
18 41 (0.64%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,172 (18.34%) Git (software)
2 847 (13.26%) Jenkins
3 465 (7.28%) JIRA
4 221 (3.46%) GitLab
5 157 (2.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 151 (2.36%) Selenium
7 129 (2.02%) Subversion
8 120 (1.88%) Bitbucket
9 117 (1.83%) Maven
10 105 (1.64%) TeamCity
11 89 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
12 64 (1.00%) Artifactory
13 63 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
14 54 (0.85%) JUnit
15 53 (0.83%) Vagrant
16 48 (0.75%) Team Foundation Server
17 45 (0.70%) Gradle
18 41 (0.64%) PHPUnit
19 39 (0.61%) Visual Studio
20 38 (0.59%) Cucumber
General
1 1,083 (16.95%) Finance
2 233 (3.65%) Retail
3 201 (3.15%) Banking
4 189 (2.96%) Telecoms
5 153 (2.39%) Public Sector
6 133 (2.08%) Law
7 127 (1.99%) Marketing
8 121 (1.89%) Games
9 108 (1.69%) Manufacturing
10 101 (1.58%) Electronics
11 88 (1.38%) Front Office
12 78 (1.22%) Legal
13 76 (1.19%) Advertising
14 66 (1.03%) Back Office
15 54 (0.85%) Automotive
15 54 (0.85%) Financial Institution
16 48 (0.75%) Aerospace
17 41 (0.64%) Investment Banking
18 34 (0.53%) Military
19 17 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,474 (23.07%) Developer
2 938 (14.68%) DevOps Engineer
3 515 (8.06%) Software Engineer
4 380 (5.95%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 380 (5.95%) Linux Engineer
5 338 (5.29%) Administrator
6 332 (5.20%) Senior Developer
7 317 (4.96%) Analyst
8 293 (4.59%) PHP Developer
9 271 (4.24%) Java Developer
10 264 (4.13%) AWS Engineer
11 249 (3.90%) Cloud Engineer
12 232 (3.63%) Systems Administrator
13 231 (3.62%) Support Engineer
14 208 (3.26%) Architect
15 193 (3.02%) Consultant
15 193 (3.02%) Software Developer
16 190 (2.97%) Junior
17 184 (2.88%) Full Stack Developer
18 182 (2.85%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 634 (9.92%) HTML
2 534 (8.36%) CSS
3 443 (6.93%) Web Services
4 392 (6.13%) .NET
5 384 (6.01%) Node.js
6 301 (4.71%) REST
7 272 (4.26%) React
8 258 (4.04%) jQuery
9 257 (4.02%) RESTful
10 250 (3.91%) LAMP
11 234 (3.66%) AngularJS
12 224 (3.51%) Spring
13 204 (3.19%) Elastic Stack
14 199 (3.11%) Kafka
15 192 (3.00%) XML
16 179 (2.80%) Middleware
17 175 (2.74%) HTML5
18 174 (2.72%) SOAP
19 172 (2.69%) Laravel
20 147 (2.30%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 444 (6.95%) Analytical Skills
2 385 (6.03%) Data Centre
3 291 (4.55%) Public Cloud
4 234 (3.66%) Linux Command Line
5 215 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
6 154 (2.41%) Mobile App
7 151 (2.36%) User Experience
8 148 (2.32%) Algorithms
9 143 (2.24%) Greenfield Project
10 138 (2.16%) Management Information System
11 100 (1.56%) Cloud Native
12 88 (1.38%) Private Cloud
13 84 (1.31%) Data Structures
14 83 (1.30%) PKI
15 81 (1.27%) Clustering
16 72 (1.13%) Hedge funds
17 66 (1.03%) Embedded Systems
18 63 (0.99%) Fixed Income
19 62 (0.97%) Replication
20 61 (0.95%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 2,266 (35.46%) Windows
2 1,079 (16.89%) Unix
3 617 (9.66%) Windows Server
4 484 (7.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 430 (6.73%) CentOS
6 330 (5.16%) Ubuntu
7 169 (2.64%) Android
8 153 (2.39%) Solaris
9 144 (2.25%) Windows Server 2012
10 129 (2.02%) Apple iOS
11 128 (2.00%) Debian
12 118 (1.85%) Windows Server 2016
13 101 (1.58%) Mac OS
13 101 (1.58%) Windows 10
14 91 (1.42%) AIX
15 76 (1.19%) Windows 7
16 75 (1.17%) Windows Server 2008
17 71 (1.11%) Mac OS X
18 65 (1.02%) Embedded Linux
19 50 (0.78%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,858 (29.08%) DevOps
2 1,674 (26.20%) Agile Software Development
3 932 (14.59%) Software Engineering
4 747 (11.69%) Problem-Solving
5 555 (8.69%) Continuous Integration
6 538 (8.42%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 515 (8.06%) Configuration Management
8 493 (7.72%) Test Automation
9 449 (7.03%) Open Source
10 442 (6.92%) Microservices
11 433 (6.78%) Computer Science
12 416 (6.51%) ITIL
13 411 (6.43%) Mentoring
13 411 (6.43%) OO
14 403 (6.31%) Infrastructure as Code
15 400 (6.26%) Scrum
16 340 (5.32%) TDD
17 321 (5.02%) Cybersecurity
18 299 (4.68%) High Availability
19 295 (4.62%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,271 (35.54%) Python
2 1,343 (21.02%) Java
3 1,309 (20.49%) SQL
4 1,143 (17.89%) JavaScript
5 992 (15.52%) Bash Shell
6 754 (11.80%) C++
7 740 (11.58%) PHP
8 713 (11.16%) PowerShell
9 542 (8.48%) C
10 503 (7.87%) C#
11 364 (5.70%) Perl
12 354 (5.54%) Ruby
13 329 (5.15%) Go
14 271 (4.24%) Shell Script
15 131 (2.05%) Scala
16 126 (1.97%) Groovy
16 126 (1.97%) PL/SQL
17 110 (1.72%) R
18 107 (1.67%) Java 8
19 76 (1.19%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 709 (11.10%) Degree
2 449 (7.03%) Security Cleared
3 256 (4.01%) SC Cleared
4 237 (3.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 219 (3.43%) Cisco Certification
6 170 (2.66%) DV Cleared
7 148 (2.32%) CCNA
8 129 (2.02%) Microsoft Certification
9 92 (1.44%) CCNP
10 85 (1.33%) CISSP
11 79 (1.24%) AWS Certification
12 77 (1.21%) MCSE
13 67 (1.05%) MCSA
13 67 (1.05%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 61 (0.95%) CISM
15 55 (0.86%) RHCE
16 50 (0.78%) Master's Degree
17 49 (0.77%) CISA
18 42 (0.66%) CREST Certified
19 40 (0.63%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 225 (3.52%) QA
2 154 (2.41%) SLA
3 131 (2.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 112 (1.75%) GDPR
5 52 (0.81%) PCI DSS
6 43 (0.67%) NIST
7 35 (0.55%) ISO 9001
8 27 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials
9 20 (0.31%) NCSC
10 17 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 16 (0.25%) NIST 800
12 14 (0.22%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 13 (0.20%) COBIT
14 10 (0.16%) Data Quality
15 8 (0.13%) HIPAA
16 6 (0.094%) Government Security Classifications
17 5 (0.078%) AICPA
18 4 (0.063%) HL7
18 4 (0.063%) IEC 61508
18 4 (0.063%) PMO
System Software
1 1,442 (22.57%) Docker
2 645 (10.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 594 (9.30%) Active Directory
4 248 (3.88%) Hyper-V
5 175 (2.74%) vSphere
6 120 (1.88%) VMware ESXi
7 117 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
8 65 (1.02%) Firmware
9 52 (0.81%) KVM
10 43 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 41 (0.64%) Virtual Servers
12 38 (0.59%) XenApp
13 33 (0.52%) VirtualBox
14 32 (0.50%) NFS
15 31 (0.49%) Xen
16 26 (0.41%) XenDesktop
17 22 (0.34%) LXC
17 22 (0.34%) vCloud
17 22 (0.34%) VMware NSX
18 20 (0.31%) Snort
Systems Management
1 1,072 (16.78%) Kubernetes
2 1,039 (16.26%) Ansible
3 883 (13.82%) Terraform
4 624 (9.77%) Puppet
5 391 (6.12%) Opscode Chef
6 142 (2.22%) Grafana
7 137 (2.14%) Prometheus
8 131 (2.05%) SCCM
9 106 (1.66%) Nagios
10 77 (1.21%) Packer
11 66 (1.03%) SCOM
12 61 (0.95%) WSUS
13 60 (0.94%) Nessus
14 52 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
15 51 (0.80%) ZABBIX
16 48 (0.75%) Kibana
17 45 (0.70%) Graphite
18 43 (0.67%) Salt
19 41 (0.64%) Consul
19 41 (0.64%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 943 (14.76%) VMware
2 920 (14.40%) Microsoft
3 578 (9.05%) Oracle
4 553 (8.65%) Red Hat
5 392 (6.13%) Cisco
6 276 (4.32%) Google
7 205 (3.21%) HP
8 204 (3.19%) Splunk
9 153 (2.39%) IBM
10 118 (1.85%) Atlassian
11 107 (1.67%) Citrix
12 104 (1.63%) Juniper
13 99 (1.55%) SAP
14 91 (1.42%) Dell
15 78 (1.22%) Zend
16 71 (1.11%) ServiceNow
17 70 (1.10%) SolarWinds
18 69 (1.08%) F5
19 68 (1.06%) Sun
20 66 (1.03%) EMC