Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 57 46 44
Rank change year-on-year -11 -2 -6
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 4,062 5,182 7,889
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.63% 5.18% 5.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.57% 13.14% 13.94%
Number of salaries quoted 3,103 4,305 6,301
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £33,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +14.29% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £118,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +1.60%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,096 39,435 56,607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.00% 39.41% 38.57%
Number of salaries quoted 27,328 32,710 46,657
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 3,775 £65,000 +8.33% 710
London +1 1,955 £80,000 - 250
UK excluding London -23 1,886 £50,000 - 505
Work from Home 0 851 £65,000 +18.18% 140
South East -25 507 £50,000 - 129
North of England -16 459 £50,000 - 138
South West +4 396 £50,000 +8.70% 63
Midlands -23 246 £49,000 -2.00% 78
North West -24 215 £50,250 +0.50% 76
Yorkshire +6 196 £50,000 - 51
West Midlands +6 159 £49,000 -2.00% 51
East of England -7 143 £55,000 +4.76% 46
Scotland -42 91 £47,500 -9.52% 31
East Midlands -28 86 £49,000 +3.16% 27
North East -15 48 £48,500 +29.33% 11
Wales -32 24 £44,369 +10.92% 16
Northern Ireland +8 23 £45,000 -14.29% 4

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,118 (52.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,829 (45.03%) AWS
3 1,822 (44.85%) JavaScript
4 1,305 (32.13%) Azure
5 1,265 (31.14%) Java
6 1,227 (30.21%) SQL
7 1,219 (30.01%) .NET
8 1,130 (27.82%) C#
9 1,119 (27.55%) Software Engineering
10 1,050 (25.85%) Finance
11 1,033 (25.43%) DevOps
12 994 (24.47%) Microservices
13 972 (23.93%) Python
14 970 (23.88%) React
15 885 (21.79%) CSS
16 868 (21.37%) HTML
17 859 (21.15%) SQL Server
18 833 (20.51%) REST
19 768 (18.91%) Docker
20 751 (18.49%) Git (software)
21 729 (17.95%) AngularJS
22 698 (17.18%) Microsoft
23 676 (16.64%) TDD
24 625 (15.39%) Serverless
25 603 (14.84%) RESTful
26 589 (14.50%) Scrum
27 582 (14.33%) Linux
28 556 (13.69%) Social Skills
29 553 (13.61%) GCP
30 549 (13.52%) MVC

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (3.67%) Apache
2 148 (3.64%) SharePoint
3 143 (3.52%) Confluence
4 115 (2.83%) Tomcat
5 113 (2.78%) CMS
6 104 (2.56%) IIS
7 74 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
8 67 (1.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 61 (1.50%) Apache Spark
10 51 (1.26%) nginx
11 47 (1.16%) WebSphere
12 44 (1.08%) WordPress
13 43 (1.06%) Umbraco
14 42 (1.03%) Oracle Workflow
15 39 (0.96%) EPiServer
16 38 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
17 34 (0.84%) JBoss
18 32 (0.79%) Sitecore CMS
19 26 (0.64%) Drupal
20 23 (0.57%) Mule
Applications
1 60 (1.48%) Microsoft Office
2 33 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (0.47%) Photoshop
4 16 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
5 13 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 12 (0.30%) Sketch
7 8 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
7 8 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
7 8 (0.20%) InDesign
7 8 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.20%) UXPin
8 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
8 7 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.098%) Fireworks
10 3 (0.074%) Simulink
10 3 (0.074%) Zeplin
11 2 (0.049%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.025%) Figma
12 1 (0.025%) ProjectWise
12 1 (0.025%) Revit
Business Applications
1 104 (2.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.74%) Remedy ITSM
3 26 (0.64%) Oracle ERP
4 16 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
5 14 (0.34%) nopCommerce
6 12 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.30%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 12 (0.30%) SAP CRM
6 12 (0.30%) Sentinel
7 9 (0.22%) Magento
8 8 (0.20%) Shopify
9 6 (0.15%) R3 Corda
9 6 (0.15%) Sprinklr
10 5 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
10 5 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
11 4 (0.098%) Elite 3E
11 4 (0.098%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.074%) Adobe Campaign
12 3 (0.074%) Distributed Ledger
12 3 (0.074%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,829 (45.03%) AWS
2 1,305 (32.13%) Azure
3 625 (15.39%) Serverless
4 553 (13.61%) GCP
5 318 (7.83%) SaaS
6 267 (6.57%) AWS Lambda
7 215 (5.29%) Amazon EC2
8 210 (5.17%) PaaS
9 176 (4.33%) GitHub
10 175 (4.31%) Amazon ECS
11 148 (3.64%) Amazon S3
12 135 (3.32%) Azure Active Directory
13 123 (3.03%) Azure Service Bus
14 115 (2.83%) Microsoft 365
15 113 (2.78%) Power Platform
16 101 (2.49%) IaaS
17 100 (2.46%) Azure App Service
18 95 (2.34%) Azure Service Fabric
19 92 (2.26%) AWS CloudFormation
19 92 (2.26%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 170 (4.19%) Firewall
2 134 (3.30%) HTTP
3 120 (2.95%) VPN
4 113 (2.78%) Internet
5 82 (2.02%) IPv4
6 70 (1.72%) VLAN
7 69 (1.70%) OSPF
8 64 (1.58%) DNS
9 56 (1.38%) TCP/IP
10 50 (1.23%) SSL
11 36 (0.89%) Network Security
12 27 (0.66%) SAN
13 26 (0.64%) FTP
13 26 (0.64%) SMTP
14 24 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
15 20 (0.49%) AMQP
16 19 (0.47%) WAN
17 16 (0.39%) LAN
18 13 (0.32%) Unified Communications
19 12 (0.30%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 859 (21.15%) SQL Server
2 504 (12.41%) MySQL
3 394 (9.70%) PostgreSQL
4 355 (8.74%) Relational Database
5 322 (7.93%) NoSQL
6 193 (4.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 189 (4.65%) MongoDB
8 134 (3.30%) Big Data
9 102 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
10 95 (2.34%) Redis
11 91 (2.24%) RDBMS
12 85 (2.09%) Data Warehouse
13 81 (1.99%) Hadoop
14 70 (1.72%) Amazon Aurora
15 65 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
15 65 (1.60%) Power BI
16 58 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 56 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
18 45 (1.11%) Amazon Redshift
19 44 (1.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 751 (18.49%) Git (software)
2 442 (10.88%) Jenkins
3 331 (8.15%) JIRA
4 215 (5.29%) Maven
5 155 (3.82%) JUnit
6 153 (3.77%) Team Foundation Server
7 142 (3.50%) Visual Studio
8 126 (3.10%) GitLab
9 125 (3.08%) Selenium
10 119 (2.93%) Subversion
11 109 (2.68%) Visual Studio Team System
12 78 (1.92%) Cucumber
13 69 (1.70%) Artifactory
13 69 (1.70%) webpack
14 65 (1.60%) SonarQube
15 61 (1.50%) Bitbucket
16 60 (1.48%) Mockito
17 55 (1.35%) Mocha
18 53 (1.30%) TeamCity
19 51 (1.26%) Cypress.io
General
1 1,050 (25.85%) Finance
2 556 (13.69%) Social Skills
3 254 (6.25%) Analytical Skills
4 251 (6.18%) Banking
4 251 (6.18%) Front Office
5 201 (4.95%) Public Sector
6 169 (4.16%) Marketing
7 162 (3.99%) Retail
8 132 (3.25%) Games
9 77 (1.90%) Telecoms
10 65 (1.60%) Back Office
11 53 (1.30%) Law
12 52 (1.28%) Presentation Skills
13 51 (1.26%) Financial Institution
14 45 (1.11%) Legal
15 40 (0.98%) Advertising
15 40 (0.98%) Investment Banking
16 38 (0.94%) Organisational Skills
17 37 (0.91%) Influencing Skills
18 31 (0.76%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,444 (60.17%) Developer
2 620 (15.26%) Software Engineer
3 528 (13.00%) Senior Developer
4 447 (11.00%) .NET Developer
5 437 (10.76%) Java Developer
6 355 (8.74%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 344 (8.47%) C# Developer
8 299 (7.36%) AWS Engineer
9 249 (6.13%) AWS Developer
10 248 (6.11%) React Developer
11 218 (5.37%) Architect
12 210 (5.17%) Software Developer
13 208 (5.12%) Python Developer
14 204 (5.02%) Full Stack Developer
15 190 (4.68%) C# .NET Developer
16 177 (4.36%) JavaScript Developer
17 167 (4.11%) AWS Software Engineer
18 163 (4.01%) PHP Developer
19 158 (3.89%) Senior C# Developer
20 140 (3.45%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,219 (30.01%) .NET
2 970 (23.88%) React
3 885 (21.79%) CSS
4 868 (21.37%) HTML
5 833 (20.51%) REST
6 729 (17.95%) AngularJS
7 603 (14.84%) RESTful
8 532 (13.10%) SOAP
9 490 (12.06%) Spring
10 468 (11.52%) .NET Core
11 457 (11.25%) jQuery
12 449 (11.05%) Node.js
13 448 (11.03%) XML
14 432 (10.64%) ASP.NET
15 408 (10.04%) .NET Framework
16 371 (9.13%) JSON
17 362 (8.91%) Vue.js
18 342 (8.42%) ASP.NET Web API
19 302 (7.43%) HTML5
20 236 (5.81%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 280 (6.89%) Greenfield Project
2 223 (5.49%) Hedge funds
3 214 (5.27%) User Experience
4 192 (4.73%) Derivative
5 190 (4.68%) Fixed Income
6 180 (4.43%) Equities
7 146 (3.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 142 (3.50%) Mobile App
9 139 (3.42%) Public Cloud
10 126 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
11 121 (2.98%) N-Tier
12 120 (2.95%) NHS
13 109 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
14 108 (2.66%) Blog
15 95 (2.34%) Algorithms
16 85 (2.09%) Data Structures
17 69 (1.70%) Cloud Native
18 64 (1.58%) Management Information System
18 64 (1.58%) Pricing Data
19 52 (1.28%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 582 (14.33%) Linux
2 349 (8.59%) Windows
3 187 (4.60%) Windows Server
4 160 (3.94%) Unix
5 117 (2.88%) Android
6 99 (2.44%) Apple iOS
7 81 (1.99%) Ubuntu
8 78 (1.92%) Windows Server 2016
9 74 (1.82%) CentOS
10 42 (1.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 24 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.52%) Windows 10
12 21 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
13 10 (0.25%) Debian
14 7 (0.17%) Kali Linux
15 6 (0.15%) tvOS
15 6 (0.15%) VMS
16 5 (0.12%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.12%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.12%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,118 (52.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,119 (27.55%) Software Engineering
3 1,033 (25.43%) DevOps
4 994 (24.47%) Microservices
5 676 (16.64%) TDD
6 589 (14.50%) Scrum
7 549 (13.52%) MVC
8 544 (13.39%) Test Automation
9 465 (11.45%) Asset Management
10 452 (11.13%) OO
11 434 (10.68%) Continuous Integration
12 389 (9.58%) Web Development
13 383 (9.43%) Problem-Solving
14 358 (8.81%) SOA
15 340 (8.37%) Migration
16 339 (8.35%) BDD
17 317 (7.80%) SDLC
18 300 (7.39%) Unit Testing
19 296 (7.29%) Mentoring
20 292 (7.19%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 1,822 (44.85%) JavaScript
2 1,265 (31.14%) Java
3 1,227 (30.21%) SQL
4 1,130 (27.82%) C#
5 972 (23.93%) Python
6 358 (8.81%) TypeScript
7 326 (8.03%) PHP
8 309 (7.61%) PowerShell
9 240 (5.91%) T-SQL
10 180 (4.43%) Bash Shell
11 140 (3.45%) Ruby
12 134 (3.30%) Java 8
13 101 (2.49%) Scala
14 93 (2.29%) ES6
15 88 (2.17%) C++
15 88 (2.17%) Perl
16 87 (2.14%) Go
17 78 (1.92%) R
18 68 (1.67%) Kotlin
19 65 (1.60%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 437 (10.76%) Degree
2 183 (4.51%) Security Cleared
3 145 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 114 (2.81%) SC Cleared
5 47 (1.16%) AWS Certification
6 39 (0.96%) Master's Degree
6 39 (0.96%) Oracle Certification
7 38 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
8 37 (0.91%) GIAC
9 34 (0.84%) ISTQB
10 30 (0.74%) RHCE
11 27 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
12 24 (0.59%) CISSP
13 19 (0.47%) ISEB
13 19 (0.47%) PhD
14 18 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
15 16 (0.39%) CISM
16 15 (0.37%) CCNA
16 15 (0.37%) DBS Check
17 14 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 187 (4.60%) QA
2 52 (1.28%) GDPR
3 37 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 34 (0.84%) Data Quality
5 29 (0.71%) NIST
5 29 (0.71%) PCI DSS
6 28 (0.69%) SLA
7 19 (0.47%) WAI
8 9 (0.22%) HL7
9 8 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
9 8 (0.20%) GRC
9 8 (0.20%) WCAG
10 6 (0.15%) COBIT
11 4 (0.098%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 4 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.074%) PMO
12 3 (0.074%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.049%) GLBA
13 2 (0.049%) SOC 2
System Software
1 768 (18.91%) Docker
2 189 (4.65%) Active Directory
3 159 (3.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 100 (2.46%) VMware ESXi
5 34 (0.84%) Hyper-V
6 27 (0.66%) NDS
6 27 (0.66%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 24 (0.59%) vSphere
8 19 (0.47%) KVM
9 12 (0.30%) XenDesktop
10 8 (0.20%) HDFS
10 8 (0.20%) Postfix
10 8 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
11 6 (0.15%) Snort
11 6 (0.15%) Squid
11 6 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.12%) Xen
13 3 (0.074%) Ceph
14 2 (0.049%) Firmware
14 2 (0.049%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 525 (12.92%) Kubernetes
2 388 (9.55%) Terraform
3 275 (6.77%) Ansible
4 213 (5.24%) Puppet
5 180 (4.43%) Opscode Chef
6 60 (1.48%) Prometheus
7 47 (1.16%) Grafana
8 30 (0.74%) Microsoft Clustering
9 25 (0.62%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 21 (0.52%) SCOM
11 19 (0.47%) CFEngine
11 19 (0.47%) Demisto
11 19 (0.47%) Jamf Pro
12 18 (0.44%) HP UCMDB
13 17 (0.42%) Nessus
14 15 (0.37%) Kibana
15 14 (0.34%) Microsoft Intune
16 13 (0.32%) AirWatch
16 13 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
16 13 (0.32%) Packer
Vendors
1 698 (17.18%) Microsoft
2 442 (10.88%) Oracle
3 330 (8.12%) Google
4 204 (5.02%) VMware
5 114 (2.81%) Salesforce.com
6 102 (2.51%) ServiceNow
7 83 (2.04%) Nintex
8 79 (1.94%) IBM
9 74 (1.82%) SAP
10 65 (1.60%) Sybase
11 64 (1.58%) Red Hat
12 56 (1.38%) Splunk
13 55 (1.35%) Citrix
14 50 (1.23%) HP
15 44 (1.08%) Cisco
16 36 (0.89%) Adobe
16 36 (0.89%) BMC
16 36 (0.89%) Sitecore
17 31 (0.76%) NetIQ
17 31 (0.76%) Remedy