Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 51 39 39
Rank change year-on-year -12 0 -5
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 6,911 9,502 10,560
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.94% 5.75% 6.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.23% 14.37% 14.94%
Number of salaries quoted 5,621 7,736 8,469
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £82,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 52,222 66,112 70,668
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.30% 39.99% 40.22%
Number of salaries quoted 42,804 54,772 58,469
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 6,398 £55,000 - 1,110
UK excluding London -15 3,901 £47,500 - 834
London -8 2,836 £72,500 +11.54% 372
South East -10 1,343 £50,000 - 205
North of England -24 781 £47,500 - 228
Midlands -6 581 £45,000 - 114
South West -9 476 £45,000 - 95
North West -15 473 £47,500 - 136
West Midlands +23 361 £45,000 - 77
East of England -15 354 £52,500 +5.00% 96
Yorkshire -56 261 £47,500 - 74
Scotland 0 235 £43,500 -2.25% 69
East Midlands -14 219 £45,000 - 37
Wales -15 88 £37,750 -23.02% 22
Northern Ireland +15 50 £45,000 +20.00% 7
North East -12 48 £52,500 +5.00% 18

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 3,644 (52.73%) Agile Software Development
2 2,773 (40.12%) JavaScript
3 2,653 (38.39%) AWS
4 2,625 (37.98%) Java
5 2,501 (36.19%) C#
6 2,250 (32.56%) SQL
7 2,246 (32.50%) .NET
8 1,845 (26.70%) HTML
9 1,698 (24.57%) SQL Server
10 1,663 (24.06%) CSS
11 1,500 (21.70%) Finance
12 1,447 (20.94%) Software Engineering
13 1,440 (20.84%) Azure
14 1,360 (19.68%) DevOps
14 1,360 (19.68%) MVC
15 1,337 (19.35%) REST
16 1,331 (19.26%) Python
17 1,266 (18.32%) Microsoft
18 1,254 (18.14%) TDD
19 1,168 (16.90%) SOAP
20 1,154 (16.70%) ASP.NET
21 1,120 (16.21%) Git (software)
22 1,113 (16.10%) AngularJS
23 1,112 (16.09%) Scrum
24 1,100 (15.92%) Linux
25 1,075 (15.55%) RESTful
26 1,005 (14.54%) Microservices
27 986 (14.27%) XML
28 965 (13.96%) Docker
29 941 (13.62%) Test Automation

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 216 (3.13%) IIS
2 211 (3.05%) Apache
3 204 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
4 178 (2.58%) SharePoint
5 171 (2.47%) Tomcat
6 157 (2.27%) Apache Spark
7 154 (2.23%) WebSphere
8 153 (2.21%) CMS
9 145 (2.10%) JBoss
10 123 (1.78%) Confluence
11 88 (1.27%) BizTalk Server
12 78 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 77 (1.11%) WebLogic
14 54 (0.78%) nginx
15 52 (0.75%) WordPress
16 49 (0.71%) Umbraco
17 43 (0.62%) OpenStack
18 42 (0.61%) MS Exchange
19 38 (0.55%) Apache Solr
20 29 (0.42%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 82 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
2 41 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (0.36%) Photoshop
4 13 (0.19%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 7 (0.10%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.072%) InDesign
8 5 (0.072%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.043%) Sketch
10 2 (0.029%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.029%) SPSS
11 1 (0.014%) ArchiCAD
11 1 (0.014%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.014%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.014%) MicroStation
11 1 (0.014%) Revit
11 1 (0.014%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 118 (1.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 65 (0.94%) Payment Gateway
3 37 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
4 30 (0.43%) SAP ERP
5 27 (0.39%) PolarLake
6 23 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
7 20 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
8 18 (0.26%) Markit EDM
9 17 (0.25%) Magento
10 16 (0.23%) Eagle PACE
11 14 (0.20%) FINCAD Analytics
12 13 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
12 13 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
13 11 (0.16%) NetSuite
14 9 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
15 7 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
15 7 (0.10%) SAP PSCD
16 6 (0.087%) JDE OneWorld
17 5 (0.072%) Oracle EBS R12
17 5 (0.072%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 2,653 (38.39%) AWS
2 1,440 (20.84%) Azure
3 405 (5.86%) Serverless
4 392 (5.67%) GCP
5 388 (5.61%) SaaS
6 385 (5.57%) Amazon S3
7 302 (4.37%) Amazon EC2
8 298 (4.31%) AWS Lambda
9 214 (3.10%) GitHub
10 210 (3.04%) PaaS
11 203 (2.94%) IaaS
12 183 (2.65%) AWS CloudFormation
13 176 (2.55%) Amazon SQS
14 143 (2.07%) Cloud Computing
15 142 (2.05%) OpenShift
16 139 (2.01%) Amazon ECS
17 126 (1.82%) Office 365
18 121 (1.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 98 (1.42%) Power Platform
20 73 (1.06%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 217 (3.14%) HTTP
2 147 (2.13%) Internet
3 131 (1.90%) TCP/IP
4 122 (1.77%) Firewall
5 120 (1.74%) DNS
6 70 (1.01%) WAN
7 64 (0.93%) SAN
8 59 (0.85%) DHCP
9 48 (0.69%) VPN
10 42 (0.61%) LAN
11 39 (0.56%) SSL
12 32 (0.46%) Network Security
13 28 (0.41%) FTP
14 26 (0.38%) Fibre Channel
14 26 (0.38%) SMTP
15 25 (0.36%) HTTPS
16 19 (0.27%) Intranet
16 19 (0.27%) Software-Defined Networking
17 18 (0.26%) AMQP
18 16 (0.23%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,698 (24.57%) SQL Server
2 658 (9.52%) MySQL
3 458 (6.63%) NoSQL
4 429 (6.21%) Relational Database
5 344 (4.98%) MongoDB
6 341 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
7 335 (4.85%) Big Data
8 291 (4.21%) Amazon RDS
9 211 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 202 (2.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 182 (2.63%) Data Warehouse
12 175 (2.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 149 (2.16%) RDBMS
14 142 (2.05%) Redis
15 121 (1.75%) Amazon Redshift
16 120 (1.74%) Amazon Athena
17 116 (1.68%) Hadoop
18 111 (1.61%) SQL Server 2008
19 108 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
20 101 (1.46%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,120 (16.21%) Git (software)
2 770 (11.14%) Jenkins
3 459 (6.64%) JIRA
4 434 (6.28%) Selenium
5 382 (5.53%) Visual Studio
6 330 (4.77%) Team Foundation Server
7 319 (4.62%) Maven
8 260 (3.76%) JUnit
9 225 (3.26%) Subversion
10 212 (3.07%) Cucumber
11 177 (2.56%) SpecFlow
12 170 (2.46%) TeamCity
13 167 (2.42%) SoapUI
14 164 (2.37%) NUnit
15 134 (1.94%) WebDriver
16 120 (1.74%) Octopus Deploy
17 111 (1.61%) Gradle
18 108 (1.56%) JMeter
19 101 (1.46%) Visual Studio Team System
20 100 (1.45%) Artifactory
General
1 1,500 (21.70%) Finance
2 445 (6.44%) Front Office
3 400 (5.79%) Retail
4 282 (4.08%) Banking
5 200 (2.89%) Marketing
6 181 (2.62%) Public Sector
7 170 (2.46%) Manufacturing
8 134 (1.94%) Games
9 122 (1.77%) Telecoms
10 115 (1.66%) Advertising
11 91 (1.32%) Back Office
12 76 (1.10%) Legal
13 60 (0.87%) Law
14 58 (0.84%) Publishing
15 57 (0.82%) Electronics
16 37 (0.54%) Automotive
16 37 (0.54%) Financial Institution
17 32 (0.46%) Multimedia
18 28 (0.41%) Local Government
19 22 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,768 (54.52%) Developer
2 899 (13.01%) Java Developer
3 868 (12.56%) Senior Developer
4 836 (12.10%) .NET Developer
5 718 (10.39%) C# Developer
6 654 (9.46%) Software Engineer
7 588 (8.51%) Software Developer
8 580 (8.39%) Architect
9 448 (6.48%) C# .NET Developer
10 297 (4.30%) AWS Engineer
11 294 (4.25%) Java Engineer
12 273 (3.95%) Senior Java Developer
13 259 (3.75%) DevOps Engineer
14 254 (3.68%) Consultant
15 253 (3.66%) Analyst
16 241 (3.49%) Solutions Architect
17 230 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
18 224 (3.24%) Java Software Engineer
19 217 (3.14%) ASP.NET Developer
19 217 (3.14%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,246 (32.50%) .NET
2 1,845 (26.70%) HTML
3 1,663 (24.06%) CSS
4 1,337 (19.35%) REST
5 1,168 (16.90%) SOAP
6 1,154 (16.70%) ASP.NET
7 1,113 (16.10%) AngularJS
8 1,075 (15.55%) RESTful
9 986 (14.27%) XML
10 901 (13.04%) jQuery
11 890 (12.88%) Spring
12 803 (11.62%) React
13 658 (9.52%) JSON
14 652 (9.43%) Node.js
15 593 (8.58%) .NET Framework
16 589 (8.52%) J2EE
17 544 (7.87%) HTML5
18 530 (7.67%) WCF
19 506 (7.32%) ASP.NET MVC
20 505 (7.31%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 473 (6.84%) Analytical Skills
2 377 (5.46%) Greenfield Project
3 375 (5.43%) Fixed Income
4 319 (4.62%) Mobile App
5 304 (4.40%) Derivative
6 290 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
7 288 (4.17%) User Experience
8 273 (3.95%) Self-Motivation
9 190 (2.75%) Public Cloud
10 180 (2.60%) Equities
11 178 (2.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 165 (2.39%) Management Information System
13 145 (2.10%) Data Centre
14 135 (1.95%) Algorithms
15 115 (1.66%) Hybrid Cloud
16 105 (1.52%) Client/Server
17 99 (1.43%) Virtual Team
18 71 (1.03%) N-Tier
19 70 (1.01%) Reference Data
20 68 (0.98%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 1,100 (15.92%) Linux
2 794 (11.49%) Windows
3 270 (3.91%) Unix
4 228 (3.30%) Android
5 212 (3.07%) Windows Server
6 174 (2.52%) Apple iOS
7 64 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
8 58 (0.84%) CentOS
9 43 (0.62%) Ubuntu
10 41 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
11 35 (0.51%) Mac OS
12 22 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 19 (0.27%) Windows 7
14 17 (0.25%) Debian
15 15 (0.22%) AIX
15 15 (0.22%) Windows 10
16 12 (0.17%) Data ONTAP
17 10 (0.14%) Solaris
18 8 (0.12%) Mac OS X
18 8 (0.12%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,644 (52.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,447 (20.94%) Software Engineering
3 1,360 (19.68%) DevOps
3 1,360 (19.68%) MVC
4 1,254 (18.14%) TDD
5 1,112 (16.09%) Scrum
6 1,005 (14.54%) Microservices
7 941 (13.62%) Test Automation
8 915 (13.24%) Continuous Integration
9 798 (11.55%) OO
10 713 (10.32%) Web Development
11 694 (10.04%) Mentoring
12 651 (9.42%) Problem-Solving
13 600 (8.68%) BDD
14 582 (8.42%) Asset Management
15 543 (7.86%) SDLC
16 531 (7.68%) Computer Science
17 514 (7.44%) Analytics
18 478 (6.92%) E-Commerce
19 462 (6.68%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2,773 (40.12%) JavaScript
2 2,625 (37.98%) Java
3 2,501 (36.19%) C#
4 2,250 (32.56%) SQL
5 1,331 (19.26%) Python
6 505 (7.31%) C++
7 447 (6.47%) PHP
8 396 (5.73%) T-SQL
9 320 (4.63%) Java 8
10 311 (4.50%) PowerShell
11 297 (4.30%) R
12 250 (3.62%) VB.NET
13 190 (2.75%) Ruby
14 188 (2.72%) C
14 188 (2.72%) TypeScript
15 186 (2.69%) Scala
16 141 (2.04%) Bash Shell
17 110 (1.59%) PL/SQL
18 106 (1.53%) Go
19 92 (1.33%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 938 (13.57%) Degree
2 265 (3.83%) Computer Science Degree
3 187 (2.71%) Security Cleared
4 87 (1.26%) Microsoft Certification
5 81 (1.17%) SC Cleared
6 77 (1.11%) ISTQB
7 50 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
8 49 (0.71%) AWS Certification
9 48 (0.69%) ISEB
10 41 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
11 38 (0.55%) MCSE
12 35 (0.51%) DV Cleared
13 34 (0.49%) Master's Degree
14 33 (0.48%) CCNA
15 24 (0.35%) CISSP
16 23 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
17 22 (0.32%) PhD
17 22 (0.32%) PMI Certification
18 17 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 16 (0.23%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 493 (7.13%) QA
2 73 (1.06%) SLA
3 52 (0.75%) GDPR
4 38 (0.55%) Data Quality
5 34 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 31 (0.45%) PMO
7 28 (0.41%) PCI DSS
8 24 (0.35%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 23 (0.33%) HMG Infosec
9 23 (0.33%) JSP 440
10 15 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 11 (0.16%) NIST
12 8 (0.12%) ISO 9001
13 6 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
13 6 (0.087%) ISAE 3402
13 6 (0.087%) ISO 22301
13 6 (0.087%) ISO 31000
13 6 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 6 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 5 (0.072%) NCSC
System Software
1 965 (13.96%) Docker
2 244 (3.53%) Active Directory
3 191 (2.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 154 (2.23%) Hyper-V
5 51 (0.74%) vSphere
6 49 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
7 23 (0.33%) Varnish
8 17 (0.25%) NFS
9 16 (0.23%) HDFS
10 14 (0.20%) XenApp
11 13 (0.19%) Terminal Services
12 12 (0.17%) VMware NSX
13 10 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
14 9 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
15 8 (0.12%) vCloud
16 6 (0.087%) ISA Server
16 6 (0.087%) KVM
17 4 (0.058%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 4 (0.058%) Postfix
17 4 (0.058%) Xen
Systems Management
1 590 (8.54%) Kubernetes
2 369 (5.34%) Terraform
3 332 (4.80%) Ansible
4 233 (3.37%) Puppet
5 213 (3.08%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (0.82%) Kibana
7 47 (0.68%) SCCM
8 45 (0.65%) logstash
9 34 (0.49%) SCOM
10 33 (0.48%) Rancher
11 31 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
12 30 (0.43%) Prometheus
13 26 (0.38%) Mesos
14 24 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
14 24 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
15 22 (0.32%) Salt
16 21 (0.30%) Nagios
17 20 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
18 18 (0.26%) Marathon
19 15 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,266 (18.32%) Microsoft
2 620 (8.97%) Oracle
3 408 (5.90%) Google
4 253 (3.66%) VMware
5 182 (2.63%) SAP
6 145 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
7 142 (2.05%) Bloomberg
8 128 (1.85%) Zend
9 106 (1.53%) IBM
10 99 (1.43%) Reuters
10 99 (1.43%) Splunk
11 93 (1.35%) HP
11 93 (1.35%) WorldPay
12 85 (1.23%) Cisco
13 84 (1.22%) Informatica
14 73 (1.06%) Tableau
15 67 (0.97%) Adobe
16 62 (0.90%) Red Hat
17 61 (0.88%) Atlassian
17 61 (0.88%) ServiceNow