Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 38 51 40
Rank change year-on-year +13 -11 -1
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 2,883 6,875 9,571
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.79% 4.94% 5.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.24% 13.23% 14.36%
Number of salaries quoted 2,747 5,927 8,191
Median annual salary £67,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +22.73% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,750
90th Percentile £128,750 £97,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,783 51,951 66,648
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.74% 37.34% 40.02%
Number of salaries quoted 18,344 42,547 55,228
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 2,706 £70,000 +27.27% 438
London +25 1,633 £87,500 +19.05% 159
UK excluding London -12 1,202 £50,000 +5.26% 307
South East -12 379 £50,000 - 64
Work from Home +24 352 £60,000 -4.00% 78
North of England +4 278 £52,500 +10.53% 100
South West -1 167 £51,250 +13.89% 45
North West -20 139 £55,000 +15.79% 47
Midlands -23 139 £45,000 - 52
East of England 0 104 £60,000 +14.29% 17
Yorkshire +34 93 £50,000 +5.26% 28
Scotland +17 80 £52,500 +20.69% 14
West Midlands -35 79 £45,000 - 26
East Midlands -6 60 £49,000 +6.52% 26
Wales +14 49 £44,379 +16.02% 15
North East +23 45 £45,500 -13.33% 25
Northern Ireland -22 7 £47,500 +5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,491 (51.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1,412 (48.98%) AWS
3 1,277 (44.29%) JavaScript
4 1,244 (43.15%) Java
5 1,083 (37.57%) Finance
6 931 (32.29%) SQL
7 911 (31.60%) Python
8 864 (29.97%) Azure
9 783 (27.16%) C#
10 754 (26.15%) Software Engineering
11 750 (26.01%) .NET
12 749 (25.98%) DevOps
13 648 (22.48%) AngularJS
14 635 (22.03%) Asset Management
15 628 (21.78%) HTML
16 592 (20.53%) SQL Server
16 592 (20.53%) Hedge funds
17 576 (19.98%) REST
18 557 (19.32%) CSS
19 550 (19.08%) Microservices
20 516 (17.90%) Fixed Income
21 510 (17.69%) React
22 505 (17.52%) Docker
23 502 (17.41%) Front Office
24 483 (16.75%) Scrum
25 464 (16.09%) Investment Management
26 456 (15.82%) TDD
27 452 (15.68%) Git (software)
28 404 (14.01%) SOAP
29 400 (13.87%) RESTful

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (6.24%) Apache
2 92 (3.19%) Tomcat
3 84 (2.91%) Elasticsearch
4 76 (2.64%) Confluence
5 59 (2.05%) CMS
6 51 (1.77%) IIS
7 41 (1.42%) SharePoint
8 32 (1.11%) WebSphere
9 24 (0.83%) Apache Spark
10 22 (0.76%) nginx
11 19 (0.66%) EPiServer
12 15 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (0.49%) Umbraco
14 12 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
15 9 (0.31%) OpenStack
16 7 (0.24%) Anypoint
17 6 (0.21%) Liferay
17 6 (0.21%) WebLogic
18 5 (0.17%) MS Exchange
18 5 (0.17%) MTS
Applications
1 15 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.21%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
4 5 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.14%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.10%) Figma
6 3 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 120 (4.16%) Markit EDM
2 70 (2.43%) Eagle PACE
2 70 (2.43%) PolarLake
3 57 (1.98%) R3 Corda
4 52 (1.80%) Distributed Ledger
5 50 (1.73%) SimCorp Dimension
6 38 (1.32%) Dynamics CRM
7 25 (0.87%) FINCAD Analytics
8 21 (0.73%) Remedy ITSM
8 21 (0.73%) SAP Hybris
9 17 (0.59%) Sentinel
10 16 (0.55%) Magento
11 14 (0.49%) Oracle ERP
11 14 (0.49%) Oracle Receivables
12 13 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
13 12 (0.42%) Oracle Payables
14 9 (0.31%) Siebel CRM
15 8 (0.28%) NetSuite
16 7 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
17 5 (0.17%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 1,412 (48.98%) AWS
2 864 (29.97%) Azure
3 380 (13.18%) GCP
4 291 (10.09%) Serverless
5 235 (8.15%) AWS Lambda
6 169 (5.86%) SaaS
7 136 (4.72%) Amazon ECS
8 134 (4.65%) Amazon EC2
9 104 (3.61%) Amazon S3
10 103 (3.57%) PaaS
11 91 (3.16%) GitHub
12 79 (2.74%) IaaS
13 73 (2.53%) Apigee
14 67 (2.32%) OpenShift
15 62 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
16 55 (1.91%) Office 365
17 48 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
18 46 (1.60%) npm
19 43 (1.49%) Dynamics 365
19 43 (1.49%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 73 (2.53%) HTTP
2 53 (1.84%) TCP/IP
3 49 (1.70%) DNS
4 42 (1.46%) Firewall
5 36 (1.25%) Internet
6 30 (1.04%) VPN
7 28 (0.97%) SSL
8 26 (0.90%) Skype
9 15 (0.52%) Wireshark
10 14 (0.49%) DKIM
10 14 (0.49%) DMARC
11 13 (0.45%) Network Security
12 12 (0.42%) FTP
12 12 (0.42%) SAN
13 11 (0.38%) VoIP
14 10 (0.35%) SSH
15 9 (0.31%) Kerberos
15 9 (0.31%) RTP
16 8 (0.28%) DHCP
16 8 (0.28%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 592 (20.53%) SQL Server
2 338 (11.72%) MySQL
3 264 (9.16%) PostgreSQL
4 160 (5.55%) MongoDB
5 157 (5.45%) NoSQL
6 120 (4.16%) Amazon Redshift
7 114 (3.95%) Data Warehouse
8 103 (3.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 84 (2.91%) Relational Database
10 82 (2.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 66 (2.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 59 (2.05%) Blockchain
13 58 (2.01%) Redis
14 45 (1.56%) Big Data
15 41 (1.42%) Hadoop
16 40 (1.39%) Power BI
17 36 (1.25%) Amazon Athena
18 32 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
19 27 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
20 23 (0.80%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 452 (15.68%) Git (software)
2 351 (12.17%) Jenkins
3 181 (6.28%) JIRA
4 117 (4.06%) GitLab
5 113 (3.92%) Selenium
6 109 (3.78%) Maven
7 107 (3.71%) Team Foundation Server
8 106 (3.68%) JUnit
9 103 (3.57%) Visual Studio
10 90 (3.12%) Artifactory
11 78 (2.71%) Cucumber
12 55 (1.91%) Mockito
13 44 (1.53%) TeamCity
14 42 (1.46%) Mocha
14 42 (1.46%) SonarQube
15 40 (1.39%) webpack
16 38 (1.32%) DbUnit
16 38 (1.32%) jMock
16 38 (1.32%) WebDriver
17 37 (1.28%) IntelliJ
General
1 1,083 (37.57%) Finance
2 502 (17.41%) Front Office
3 315 (10.93%) Banking
4 159 (5.52%) Back Office
5 132 (4.58%) Investment Banking
6 82 (2.84%) Marketing
7 61 (2.12%) Retail
8 56 (1.94%) Law
9 55 (1.91%) Public Sector
10 52 (1.80%) Manufacturing
11 28 (0.97%) Games
12 27 (0.94%) Advertising
13 20 (0.69%) Financial Institution
14 19 (0.66%) Telecoms
15 17 (0.59%) Legal
16 11 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
16 11 (0.38%) Publishing
17 8 (0.28%) French Language
17 8 (0.28%) Local Government
17 8 (0.28%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 1,624 (56.33%) Developer
2 410 (14.22%) Software Engineer
3 340 (11.79%) Architect
4 314 (10.89%) Java Developer
5 258 (8.95%) AWS Engineer
6 255 (8.84%) Senior Developer
7 250 (8.67%) .NET Developer
8 243 (8.43%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 233 (8.08%) Python Developer
10 182 (6.31%) C# Developer
11 160 (5.55%) AWS Developer
11 160 (5.55%) Python Engineer
12 149 (5.17%) AWS Software Engineer
13 141 (4.89%) Analyst
14 136 (4.72%) AWS Architect
15 132 (4.58%) PHP Developer
16 127 (4.41%) JavaScript Developer
17 125 (4.34%) Python Software Engineer
18 122 (4.23%) Software Developer
19 121 (4.20%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 750 (26.01%) .NET
2 648 (22.48%) AngularJS
3 628 (21.78%) HTML
4 576 (19.98%) REST
5 557 (19.32%) CSS
6 510 (17.69%) React
7 404 (14.01%) SOAP
8 400 (13.87%) RESTful
9 381 (13.22%) Vue.js
10 323 (11.20%) XML
11 319 (11.06%) .NET Core
12 309 (10.72%) ASP.NET
13 308 (10.68%) Node.js
14 276 (9.57%) Spring
15 271 (9.40%) JSON
16 227 (7.87%) jQuery
17 196 (6.80%) .NET Framework
18 192 (6.66%) ASP.NET Web API
18 192 (6.66%) OAuth
19 168 (5.83%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 592 (20.53%) Hedge funds
2 516 (17.90%) Fixed Income
3 388 (13.46%) Derivative
4 360 (12.49%) Equities
5 262 (9.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 175 (6.07%) Analytical Skills
7 170 (5.90%) Greenfield Project
8 127 (4.41%) Reference Data
9 100 (3.47%) User Experience
10 87 (3.02%) Mobile App
11 67 (2.32%) Credit Derivative
12 66 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
13 63 (2.19%) Public Cloud
14 54 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
15 53 (1.84%) Blog
16 46 (1.60%) Algorithms
17 45 (1.56%) Cloud Native
18 37 (1.28%) Data Structures
19 31 (1.08%) Management Information System
20 26 (0.90%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 302 (10.48%) Linux
2 213 (7.39%) Windows
3 88 (3.05%) Android
4 66 (2.29%) Apple iOS
5 53 (1.84%) Windows Server
6 37 (1.28%) Unix
7 24 (0.83%) Windows Server 2012
8 18 (0.62%) CentOS
9 14 (0.49%) Kali Linux
10 13 (0.45%) Windows 10
10 13 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
12 11 (0.38%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.31%) Amazon Linux
13 9 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 4 (0.14%) Mesosphere
14 4 (0.14%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.10%) Solaris
16 2 (0.069%) AIX
16 2 (0.069%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,491 (51.72%) Agile Software Development
2 754 (26.15%) Software Engineering
3 749 (25.98%) DevOps
4 635 (22.03%) Asset Management
5 550 (19.08%) Microservices
6 483 (16.75%) Scrum
7 464 (16.09%) Investment Management
8 456 (15.82%) TDD
9 373 (12.94%) Fintech
10 362 (12.56%) MVC
11 300 (10.41%) Test Automation
12 272 (9.43%) Mentoring
13 261 (9.05%) OO
14 256 (8.88%) Continuous Integration
15 242 (8.39%) Migration
15 242 (8.39%) Problem-Solving
16 226 (7.84%) BDD
16 226 (7.84%) Web Development
17 207 (7.18%) Analytics
18 188 (6.52%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,277 (44.29%) JavaScript
2 1,244 (43.15%) Java
3 931 (32.29%) SQL
4 911 (31.60%) Python
5 783 (27.16%) C#
6 206 (7.15%) PHP
7 198 (6.87%) Kotlin
8 167 (5.79%) TypeScript
9 165 (5.72%) C++
10 155 (5.38%) R
11 140 (4.86%) PowerShell
12 128 (4.44%) T-SQL
13 102 (3.54%) Bash Shell
14 101 (3.50%) C
15 96 (3.33%) Ruby
16 75 (2.60%) Apex Code
17 60 (2.08%) Java 8
18 53 (1.84%) Scala
19 52 (1.80%) VB.NET
20 51 (1.77%) Go
Qualifications
1 243 (8.43%) Degree
2 97 (3.36%) Security Cleared
3 81 (2.81%) SC Cleared
4 77 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (1.84%) Sun Certification
6 32 (1.11%) ISTQB
7 22 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
8 19 (0.66%) ISEB
8 19 (0.66%) SANS
9 17 (0.59%) MCITP
10 16 (0.55%) AWS Certification
11 14 (0.49%) CREST Certified
11 14 (0.49%) GCIA
11 14 (0.49%) GCIH
12 13 (0.45%) Oracle Certification
13 12 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
13 12 (0.42%) CISSP
14 11 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
15 10 (0.35%) PhD
16 9 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (5.86%) QA
2 24 (0.83%) SLA
3 23 (0.80%) GDPR
4 21 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.55%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 15 (0.52%) NIST
7 13 (0.45%) Data Quality
8 11 (0.38%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.21%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.14%) COBIT
11 3 (0.10%) COSO
12 2 (0.069%) MiFID
13 1 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.035%) HL7
13 1 (0.035%) ISO 31000
13 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 1 (0.035%) NCSC
13 1 (0.035%) PMO
13 1 (0.035%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 505 (17.52%) Docker
2 103 (3.57%) Active Directory
3 58 (2.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.25%) vSphere
5 29 (1.01%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.49%) Snort
6 14 (0.49%) XenApp
7 12 (0.42%) Postfix
8 8 (0.28%) NDS
8 8 (0.28%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 7 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
10 5 (0.17%) Varnish
10 5 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.14%) Gluster
11 4 (0.14%) GlusterFS
12 3 (0.10%) VMware NSX
13 2 (0.069%) iptables
13 2 (0.069%) NFS
13 2 (0.069%) vCloud
13 2 (0.069%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 390 (13.53%) Kubernetes
2 135 (4.68%) Terraform
3 120 (4.16%) Ansible
4 101 (3.50%) Puppet
5 76 (2.64%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
7 22 (0.76%) SCCM
8 19 (0.66%) HP UCMDB
8 19 (0.66%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 17 (0.59%) logstash
10 14 (0.49%) Grafana
10 14 (0.49%) Kibana
11 12 (0.42%) SCVMM
12 10 (0.35%) Microsoft Intune
12 10 (0.35%) vCenter Server
13 8 (0.28%) Istio
14 7 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
14 7 (0.24%) Oracle Identity Manager
14 7 (0.24%) Tivoli
14 7 (0.24%) Tivoli Identity Manager
Vendors
1 308 (10.68%) Microsoft
2 304 (10.54%) Google
3 210 (7.28%) Oracle
4 109 (3.78%) Salesforce.com
5 105 (3.64%) Bloomberg
6 73 (2.53%) VMware
7 62 (2.15%) SAP
8 55 (1.91%) Zend
9 50 (1.73%) Calypso
9 50 (1.73%) Charles River
9 50 (1.73%) GoldenSource
9 50 (1.73%) SimCorp
10 49 (1.70%) IBM
11 47 (1.63%) ServiceNow
12 41 (1.42%) HP
13 32 (1.11%) MuleSoft
14 28 (0.97%) Remedy
15 27 (0.94%) Cisco
16 26 (0.90%) Adobe
17 25 (0.87%) Atlassian