Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 44 43 37
Rank change year-on-year -1 -6 0
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 6,023 8,187 10,723
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.20% 5.49% 6.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.22% 13.98% 14.78%
Number of salaries quoted 5,254 6,798 9,346
Median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +14.29% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 45,561 58,564 72,567
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.36% 39.25% 40.68%
Number of salaries quoted 37,467 47,996 61,348
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £79,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 5,608 £60,000 +9.09% 591
UK excluding London -9 3,200 £47,500 - 416
London +2 2,706 £77,500 +19.23% 231
South East -6 1,121 £50,000 +5.26% 99
North of England +3 745 £50,000 +11.11% 112
South West -13 440 £46,500 +3.33% 43
North West +5 437 £51,250 +7.89% 58
Midlands -23 368 £50,000 +11.11% 53
Work from Home -16 343 £55,000 -8.33% 51
East of England -14 246 £55,000 +4.76% 52
Yorkshire +9 228 £50,000 +11.11% 35
West Midlands -40 193 £52,500 +17.98% 32
Scotland +6 187 £50,000 +6.38% 25
East Midlands -6 172 £50,000 +11.11% 21
Wales +2 94 £40,000 - 28
North East +17 80 £37,500 -14.29% 19
Northern Ireland 0 24 £52,500 +16.67% 4
Isle of Man +1 4 £47,500 -13.64%
Channel Islands - 3 £63,750 -

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 3,393 (56.33%) Agile Software Development
2 2,740 (45.49%) JavaScript
3 2,445 (40.59%) AWS
4 2,201 (36.54%) Java
5 2,182 (36.23%) C#
6 1,951 (32.39%) .NET
7 1,852 (30.75%) SQL
8 1,760 (29.22%) Finance
9 1,573 (26.12%) HTML
10 1,572 (26.10%) Azure
11 1,473 (24.46%) CSS
12 1,364 (22.65%) SQL Server
13 1,346 (22.35%) Software Engineering
14 1,272 (21.12%) Python
15 1,271 (21.10%) REST
16 1,255 (20.84%) Scrum
17 1,229 (20.41%) DevOps
18 1,201 (19.94%) AngularJS
19 1,062 (17.63%) MVC
20 1,053 (17.48%) RESTful
21 977 (16.22%) Microservices
22 974 (16.17%) Git (software)
23 973 (16.15%) SOAP
24 969 (16.09%) ASP.NET
25 957 (15.89%) React
26 951 (15.79%) TDD
27 928 (15.41%) Microsoft
28 827 (13.73%) Docker
29 802 (13.32%) Test Automation
30 786 (13.05%) XML

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 178 (2.96%) IIS
2 166 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
3 164 (2.72%) Confluence
4 157 (2.61%) CMS
5 149 (2.47%) Tomcat
6 148 (2.46%) Apache
7 114 (1.89%) SharePoint
8 92 (1.53%) Apache Spark
9 81 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 66 (1.10%) WebLogic
11 64 (1.06%) WebSphere
12 50 (0.83%) EPiServer
13 47 (0.78%) Oracle Service Bus
14 42 (0.70%) Drupal
15 35 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
16 32 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 32 (0.53%) JBoss
17 31 (0.51%) Mule
18 30 (0.50%) OpenStack
19 29 (0.48%) nginx
Applications
1 48 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
2 38 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.50%) Chatbot
4 23 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.27%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.100%) InfoPath
7 5 (0.083%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.083%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.083%) SPSS
8 3 (0.050%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.017%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 110 (1.83%) FINCAD Analytics
2 71 (1.18%) Markit EDM
3 44 (0.73%) Dynamics AX
4 41 (0.68%) SimCorp Dimension
5 34 (0.56%) Magento
6 30 (0.50%) Eagle PACE
6 30 (0.50%) PolarLake
7 27 (0.45%) NetSuite
7 27 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
8 26 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
9 23 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
10 19 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
11 17 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
12 15 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
13 14 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
14 13 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
15 11 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
15 11 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
16 10 (0.17%) Oracle CRM
17 9 (0.15%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 2,445 (40.59%) AWS
2 1,572 (26.10%) Azure
3 575 (9.55%) GCP
4 325 (5.40%) SaaS
5 318 (5.28%) Serverless
6 208 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
7 180 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
8 175 (2.91%) PaaS
9 169 (2.81%) Amazon S3
10 160 (2.66%) GitHub
11 144 (2.39%) Amazon ECS
12 143 (2.37%) OpenShift
13 130 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
14 117 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
15 114 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
16 111 (1.84%) Power Platform
17 107 (1.78%) IaaS
17 107 (1.78%) Office 365
18 68 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 64 (1.06%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 136 (2.26%) Internet
2 129 (2.14%) HTTP
3 59 (0.98%) Firewall
4 52 (0.86%) TCP/IP
5 45 (0.75%) DNS
6 42 (0.70%) Intranet
7 40 (0.66%) SSL
8 32 (0.53%) VoIP
9 31 (0.51%) Network Security
10 21 (0.35%) VPN
11 20 (0.33%) DHCP
11 20 (0.33%) FTP
12 19 (0.32%) AMQP
13 15 (0.25%) Skype
14 14 (0.23%) RTP
14 14 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
15 13 (0.22%) WAN
16 12 (0.20%) HTTPS
16 12 (0.20%) SMS
16 12 (0.20%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,364 (22.65%) SQL Server
2 576 (9.56%) MySQL
3 448 (7.44%) NoSQL
4 342 (5.68%) PostgreSQL
5 310 (5.15%) MongoDB
6 277 (4.60%) Relational Database
7 217 (3.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 197 (3.27%) Redis
9 195 (3.24%) Amazon Athena
10 171 (2.84%) Big Data
11 168 (2.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 145 (2.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 135 (2.24%) Amazon RDS
13 135 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
14 133 (2.21%) SQL Server 2012
15 128 (2.13%) RDBMS
16 103 (1.71%) Power BI
17 101 (1.68%) SQL Server 2008
18 95 (1.58%) Hadoop
19 93 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 974 (16.17%) Git (software)
2 596 (9.90%) Jenkins
3 417 (6.92%) JIRA
4 362 (6.01%) Visual Studio
5 318 (5.28%) Selenium
6 292 (4.85%) Maven
7 233 (3.87%) Team Foundation Server
8 198 (3.29%) Cucumber
9 184 (3.05%) JUnit
10 183 (3.04%) SoapUI
11 156 (2.59%) TeamCity
12 136 (2.26%) Octopus Deploy
13 135 (2.24%) NUnit
14 121 (2.01%) Subversion
15 120 (1.99%) GitLab
16 119 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 114 (1.89%) Postman
18 100 (1.66%) RStudio
19 90 (1.49%) Gradle
20 89 (1.48%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,760 (29.22%) Finance
2 719 (11.94%) Front Office
3 624 (10.36%) Banking
4 236 (3.92%) Retail
5 207 (3.44%) Investment Banking
6 183 (3.04%) Marketing
7 179 (2.97%) Public Sector
8 142 (2.36%) Games
9 139 (2.31%) Manufacturing
10 132 (2.19%) Back Office
11 89 (1.48%) Law
12 77 (1.28%) Legal
13 75 (1.25%) Telecoms
14 44 (0.73%) Electronics
15 43 (0.71%) Advertising
16 38 (0.63%) Financial Institution
17 35 (0.58%) Automotive
18 26 (0.43%) Billing
19 24 (0.40%) Aerospace
20 22 (0.37%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 3,464 (57.51%) Developer
2 844 (14.01%) .NET Developer
3 764 (12.68%) Java Developer
4 745 (12.37%) Senior Developer
5 619 (10.28%) C# Developer
6 526 (8.73%) Software Engineer
7 430 (7.14%) Architect
8 424 (7.04%) Software Developer
9 406 (6.74%) C# .NET Developer
10 310 (5.15%) AWS Engineer
11 286 (4.75%) Analyst
12 264 (4.38%) Full Stack Developer
13 249 (4.13%) Senior Java Developer
14 230 (3.82%) AWS Developer
15 229 (3.80%) Java Engineer
16 219 (3.64%) DevOps Engineer
17 198 (3.29%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 198 (3.29%) Python Developer
18 183 (3.04%) PHP Developer
19 173 (2.87%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,951 (32.39%) .NET
2 1,573 (26.12%) HTML
3 1,473 (24.46%) CSS
4 1,271 (21.10%) REST
5 1,201 (19.94%) AngularJS
6 1,053 (17.48%) RESTful
7 973 (16.15%) SOAP
8 969 (16.09%) ASP.NET
9 957 (15.89%) React
10 786 (13.05%) XML
11 725 (12.04%) Spring
12 686 (11.39%) jQuery
13 682 (11.32%) Node.js
14 606 (10.06%) .NET Framework
15 533 (8.85%) .NET Core
16 495 (8.22%) J2EE
17 479 (7.95%) JSON
18 405 (6.72%) ASP.NET MVC
18 405 (6.72%) ASP.NET Web API
19 401 (6.66%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 592 (9.83%) Fixed Income
2 547 (9.08%) Hedge funds
3 521 (8.65%) Derivative
4 458 (7.60%) Equities
5 406 (6.74%) Greenfield Project
6 392 (6.51%) Analytical Skills
7 278 (4.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 270 (4.48%) Mobile App
9 257 (4.27%) User Experience
10 187 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
11 157 (2.61%) Enterprise Software
12 155 (2.57%) Public Cloud
13 138 (2.29%) Reference Data
14 129 (2.14%) Blog
15 109 (1.81%) Equity Derivative
16 88 (1.46%) Algorithms
17 79 (1.31%) Data Structures
18 78 (1.30%) Management Information System
19 71 (1.18%) Hybrid Cloud
20 64 (1.06%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 666 (11.06%) Linux
2 574 (9.53%) Windows
3 194 (3.22%) Android
4 179 (2.97%) Apple iOS
5 156 (2.59%) Unix
6 115 (1.91%) Windows Server
7 44 (0.73%) CentOS
7 44 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
8 36 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 33 (0.55%) Ubuntu
10 31 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
11 25 (0.42%) Debian
12 24 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
13 15 (0.25%) Mac OS X
13 15 (0.25%) Windows 10
14 9 (0.15%) Windows 7
14 9 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
15 8 (0.13%) Mac OS
15 8 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
16 6 (0.100%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,393 (56.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1,346 (22.35%) Software Engineering
3 1,255 (20.84%) Scrum
4 1,229 (20.41%) DevOps
5 1,062 (17.63%) MVC
6 977 (16.22%) Microservices
7 951 (15.79%) TDD
8 802 (13.32%) Test Automation
9 725 (12.04%) Asset Management
10 674 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
11 672 (11.16%) OO
12 645 (10.71%) Mentoring
13 595 (9.88%) Analytics
14 593 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
15 548 (9.10%) BDD
16 525 (8.72%) Web Development
17 478 (7.94%) Investment Management
18 443 (7.36%) Artificial Intelligence
19 433 (7.19%) Computer Science
20 427 (7.09%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,740 (45.49%) JavaScript
2 2,201 (36.54%) Java
3 2,182 (36.23%) C#
4 1,852 (30.75%) SQL
5 1,272 (21.12%) Python
6 399 (6.62%) C++
7 398 (6.61%) PHP
8 332 (5.51%) T-SQL
9 283 (4.70%) TypeScript
10 228 (3.79%) Java 8
11 226 (3.75%) PowerShell
12 204 (3.39%) R
13 201 (3.34%) Bash Shell
14 177 (2.94%) VB.NET
15 175 (2.91%) Kotlin
16 152 (2.52%) Ruby
17 145 (2.41%) Scala
18 131 (2.17%) PL/SQL
19 128 (2.13%) C
20 103 (1.71%) F#
Qualifications
1 736 (12.22%) Degree
2 256 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 178 (2.96%) Security Cleared
4 129 (2.14%) SC Cleared
5 67 (1.11%) ISTQB
5 67 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
6 58 (0.96%) ISEB
7 34 (0.56%) AWS Certification
8 28 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
9 24 (0.40%) Postgraduate
10 22 (0.37%) DBS Check
11 21 (0.35%) MCP
11 21 (0.35%) Oracle Certification
12 20 (0.33%) DV Cleared
13 17 (0.28%) CISSP
14 16 (0.27%) MCSE
15 14 (0.23%) MCSA
15 14 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
16 13 (0.22%) PhD
16 13 (0.22%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 426 (7.07%) QA
2 63 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 48 (0.80%) GDPR
4 45 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 36 (0.60%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.32%) SLA
7 16 (0.27%) NIST
8 12 (0.20%) COBIT
9 9 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 9 (0.15%) PMO
10 7 (0.12%) ISO 15022
10 7 (0.12%) ISO 20022
10 7 (0.12%) ISO 31000
11 6 (0.100%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.083%) PA-DSS
13 3 (0.050%) COSO
13 3 (0.050%) EMIR
13 3 (0.050%) MiFID
13 3 (0.050%) NCSC
13 3 (0.050%) PSD2
System Software
1 827 (13.73%) Docker
2 102 (1.69%) Active Directory
3 100 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 55 (0.91%) Hyper-V
5 45 (0.75%) vSphere
6 41 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
7 28 (0.46%) XenApp
8 18 (0.30%) Postfix
9 16 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.100%) Firmware
11 5 (0.083%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.083%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.083%) VMware NSX
12 4 (0.066%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.066%) IAG
12 4 (0.066%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.066%) Xen
13 3 (0.050%) NDS
13 3 (0.050%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 3 (0.050%) Snort
Systems Management
1 585 (9.71%) Kubernetes
2 324 (5.38%) Terraform
3 254 (4.22%) Ansible
4 169 (2.81%) Puppet
5 158 (2.62%) Opscode Chef
6 52 (0.86%) HP ALM
7 48 (0.80%) Kibana
8 45 (0.75%) logstash
9 41 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
10 40 (0.66%) Packer
11 26 (0.43%) Salt
12 21 (0.35%) SCCM
13 14 (0.23%) BMC PATROL
14 13 (0.22%) Oracle Identity Management
15 12 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
15 12 (0.20%) HP UCMDB
16 11 (0.18%) Grafana
16 11 (0.18%) Prometheus
16 11 (0.18%) SCVMM
16 11 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 928 (15.41%) Microsoft
2 505 (8.38%) Oracle
3 494 (8.20%) Google
4 189 (3.14%) Bloomberg
5 147 (2.44%) Salesforce.com
6 131 (2.17%) VMware
7 117 (1.94%) HP
8 113 (1.88%) SAP
9 104 (1.73%) ServiceNow
10 85 (1.41%) Zend
11 77 (1.28%) IBM
12 70 (1.16%) MuleSoft
13 69 (1.15%) Atlassian
14 68 (1.13%) WorldPay
15 58 (0.96%) Xamarin
16 56 (0.93%) FIS
17 53 (0.88%) Red Hat
18 45 (0.75%) Splunk
19 44 (0.73%) Citrix
20 42 (0.70%) Adobe