Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 39 33
Rank change year-on-year -1 -6 +3
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 9,783 10,567 12,283
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.79% 6.01% 6.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.31% 14.79% 15.99%
Number of salaries quoted 7,955 8,513 10,631
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £32,600 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,352 71,442 76,839
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.44% 40.61% 38.97%
Number of salaries quoted 56,698 59,446 66,664
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 9,229 £55,000 +10.00% 1,302
UK excluding London -4 5,650 £47,500 +5.56% 952
London +10 3,974 £65,000 +8.33% 451
South East -1 1,850 £47,500 +5.56% 226
North of England -21 1,256 £47,500 +11.76% 234
East of England -1 748 £50,000 +11.11% 134
Midlands -2 728 £42,500 +6.25% 140
North West -20 700 £47,500 +11.76% 141
South West +10 665 £45,000 - 117
Yorkshire -19 429 £47,500 +5.56% 80
East Midlands +8 378 £43,500 +8.75% 72
West Midlands -22 349 £42,500 +6.25% 68
Scotland +2 270 £44,500 -1.11% 68
Wales 0 145 £47,500 +5.56% 25
North East +3 127 £50,000 +25.00% 13
Northern Ireland -3 23 £41,250 +11.49% 8
Isle of Man -5 1 £37,500 -23.08%

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 5,042 (51.54%) Agile Software Development
2 4,013 (41.02%) Java
3 3,950 (40.38%) JavaScript
4 3,553 (36.32%) C#
5 3,552 (36.31%) SQL
6 3,451 (35.28%) .NET
7 3,001 (30.68%) Amazon AWS
8 2,947 (30.12%) HTML
9 2,548 (26.05%) SQL Server
10 2,533 (25.89%) CSS
11 2,226 (22.75%) MVC
12 2,176 (22.24%) Finance
13 2,169 (22.17%) TDD
14 2,086 (21.32%) REST
15 2,065 (21.11%) RESTful
16 1,935 (19.78%) AngularJS
17 1,911 (19.53%) Microsoft
18 1,874 (19.16%) Software Engineering
19 1,824 (18.64%) XML
20 1,818 (18.58%) SOAP
21 1,709 (17.47%) ASP.NET
22 1,697 (17.35%) Microsoft Azure
23 1,676 (17.13%) DevOps
24 1,673 (17.10%) Continuous Integration
25 1,672 (17.09%) Git (software)
25 1,672 (17.09%) Scrum
26 1,559 (15.94%) Spring
27 1,542 (15.76%) Linux
28 1,508 (15.41%) Degree
29 1,469 (15.02%) jQuery

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 417 (4.26%) Tomcat
2 416 (4.25%) Apache
3 400 (4.09%) IIS
4 387 (3.96%) Confluence
5 330 (3.37%) CMS
6 322 (3.29%) WebSphere
7 311 (3.18%) SharePoint
8 310 (3.17%) JBoss
9 288 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
10 244 (2.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 204 (2.09%) Apache Spark
12 170 (1.74%) WebLogic
13 115 (1.18%) nginx
14 104 (1.06%) BizTalk Server
15 98 (1.00%) Apache Solr
16 89 (0.91%) Drupal
17 85 (0.87%) Ethereum
18 81 (0.83%) OpenStack
19 74 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
20 72 (0.74%) Umbraco
Applications
1 136 (1.39%) Microsoft Office
2 61 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 43 (0.44%) Photoshop
4 41 (0.42%) MS Visio
5 32 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
6 12 (0.12%) GIMP
6 12 (0.12%) InfoPath
7 10 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
8 9 (0.092%) Chatbot
9 8 (0.082%) HipChat
10 6 (0.061%) Fireworks
11 5 (0.051%) Gliffy
12 4 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
13 3 (0.031%) Adobe Premiere
13 3 (0.031%) InVision
13 3 (0.031%) S-PLUS
14 2 (0.020%) Maya
14 2 (0.020%) Simulink
14 2 (0.020%) Weka
Business Applications
1 161 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 88 (0.90%) Payment Gateway
3 55 (0.56%) Magento
4 42 (0.43%) Ripple
5 30 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
6 17 (0.17%) Documaker
6 17 (0.17%) NetSuite
7 14 (0.14%) Concordance
7 14 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
7 14 (0.14%) Relativity
8 13 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
8 13 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 13 (0.13%) Scribe Insight
9 12 (0.12%) Elite 3E
10 8 (0.082%) MetaTrader
10 8 (0.082%) SDL Web 8
11 7 (0.072%) Adobe Campaign
11 7 (0.072%) SAP Business One
11 7 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
12 6 (0.061%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 3,001 (30.68%) Amazon AWS
2 1,697 (17.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 365 (3.73%) SaaS
4 348 (3.56%) Google Cloud Platform
5 267 (2.73%) Amazon EC2
6 254 (2.60%) GitHub
7 214 (2.19%) Serverless
8 202 (2.06%) IaaS
9 182 (1.86%) Amazon S3
10 181 (1.85%) Office 365
11 179 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
12 163 (1.67%) PaaS
13 154 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
14 121 (1.24%) OpenShift
15 115 (1.18%) AWS Lambda
16 77 (0.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 70 (0.72%) npm
18 61 (0.62%) Azure Active Directory
19 56 (0.57%) Dynamics 365
20 55 (0.56%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 380 (3.88%) HTTP
2 253 (2.59%) Internet
3 193 (1.97%) TCP/IP
4 189 (1.93%) DNS
5 162 (1.66%) Firewall
6 103 (1.05%) SSL
7 83 (0.85%) SAN
8 78 (0.80%) FTP
8 78 (0.80%) Network Security
9 72 (0.74%) Intranet
10 60 (0.61%) DHCP
11 57 (0.58%) SSH
12 56 (0.57%) VPN
13 49 (0.50%) SMTP
14 47 (0.48%) WAN
15 38 (0.39%) LAN
16 36 (0.37%) SMS
17 32 (0.33%) Broadband
17 32 (0.33%) HTTPS
18 31 (0.32%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,548 (26.05%) SQL Server
2 882 (9.02%) MySQL
3 820 (8.38%) NoSQL
4 718 (7.34%) Relational Database
5 535 (5.47%) Big Data
6 528 (5.40%) MongoDB
7 405 (4.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 401 (4.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 366 (3.74%) Data Warehouse
10 360 (3.68%) PostgreSQL
11 267 (2.73%) Apache Cassandra
12 262 (2.68%) SQL Server 2012
13 247 (2.52%) RDBMS
14 235 (2.40%) Hadoop
15 219 (2.24%) Oracle Database
16 202 (2.06%) SQL Server 2008
17 165 (1.69%) Redis
18 153 (1.56%) Blockchain
19 145 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
20 138 (1.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,672 (17.09%) Git (software)
2 1,174 (12.00%) Jenkins
3 876 (8.95%) JIRA
4 676 (6.91%) Selenium
5 656 (6.71%) Maven
6 633 (6.47%) Visual Studio
7 611 (6.25%) Team Foundation Server
8 548 (5.60%) JUnit
9 413 (4.22%) Subversion
10 404 (4.13%) Cucumber
11 343 (3.51%) NUnit
12 267 (2.73%) Eclipse
13 265 (2.71%) TeamCity
14 245 (2.50%) SoapUI
15 203 (2.08%) SpecFlow
16 193 (1.97%) Gradle
17 188 (1.92%) Vagrant
18 187 (1.91%) WebDriver
19 180 (1.84%) JMeter
20 179 (1.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,176 (22.24%) Finance
2 594 (6.07%) Banking
3 506 (5.17%) Retail
4 358 (3.66%) Marketing
5 287 (2.93%) Games
6 233 (2.38%) Manufacturing
7 197 (2.01%) Telecoms
8 178 (1.82%) Front Office
9 175 (1.79%) Investment Banking
10 159 (1.63%) Advertising
11 158 (1.62%) Financial Institution
12 147 (1.50%) Law
13 125 (1.28%) Legal
14 102 (1.04%) Automotive
15 86 (0.88%) Electronics
16 65 (0.66%) Back Office
17 58 (0.59%) Publishing
18 33 (0.34%) Military
18 33 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
19 31 (0.32%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 5,532 (56.55%) Developer
2 1,683 (17.20%) Java Developer
3 1,283 (13.11%) .NET Developer
4 1,177 (12.03%) Senior Developer
5 1,029 (10.52%) C# Developer
6 792 (8.10%) Architect
7 771 (7.88%) Software Developer
8 744 (7.61%) Software Engineer
9 643 (6.57%) C# .NET Developer
10 483 (4.94%) Senior Java Developer
11 444 (4.54%) Lead Developer
12 421 (4.30%) Analyst
13 404 (4.13%) Java Engineer
14 402 (4.11%) DevOps Engineer
15 333 (3.40%) Full Stack Developer
16 313 (3.20%) Solutions Architect
17 310 (3.17%) JavaScript Developer
18 299 (3.06%) Senior .NET Developer
19 283 (2.89%) Web Developer
20 275 (2.81%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,451 (35.28%) .NET
2 2,947 (30.12%) HTML
3 2,533 (25.89%) CSS
4 2,086 (21.32%) REST
5 2,065 (21.11%) RESTful
6 1,935 (19.78%) AngularJS
7 1,824 (18.64%) XML
8 1,818 (18.58%) SOAP
9 1,709 (17.47%) ASP.NET
10 1,559 (15.94%) Spring
11 1,469 (15.02%) jQuery
12 1,142 (11.67%) JSON
13 1,063 (10.87%) HTML5
14 1,012 (10.34%) .NET Framework
15 990 (10.12%) React
16 962 (9.83%) ASP.NET Web API
17 859 (8.78%) ASP.NET MVC
18 855 (8.74%) Node.js
19 817 (8.35%) WCF
20 715 (7.31%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 893 (9.13%) Analytical Skills
2 855 (8.74%) Computer Science
3 600 (6.13%) User Experience
4 524 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
5 506 (5.17%) Fintech
6 462 (4.72%) Enterprise Software
7 429 (4.39%) Mobile App
8 342 (3.50%) Self-Motivation
9 223 (2.28%) Management Information System
10 222 (2.27%) Algorithms
11 176 (1.80%) Public Cloud
12 154 (1.57%) Hedge funds
13 153 (1.56%) Data Centre
14 123 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
15 119 (1.22%) N-Tier
16 114 (1.17%) Data Structures
17 103 (1.05%) Cyberthreat
18 95 (0.97%) Client/Server
19 81 (0.83%) Social Media
20 72 (0.74%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,542 (15.76%) Linux
2 1,163 (11.89%) Windows
3 491 (5.02%) Unix
4 383 (3.91%) Android
5 369 (3.77%) Windows Server
6 288 (2.94%) Apple iOS
7 150 (1.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 114 (1.17%) CentOS
9 101 (1.03%) Windows Server 2012
10 95 (0.97%) Windows Server 2008
11 93 (0.95%) Solaris
12 77 (0.79%) Ubuntu
13 54 (0.55%) Windows 10
14 43 (0.44%) HPUX
15 35 (0.36%) Mac OS
16 34 (0.35%) AIX
17 32 (0.33%) Debian
17 32 (0.33%) Windows 7
18 22 (0.22%) VMS
19 19 (0.19%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,042 (51.54%) Agile Software Development
2 2,226 (22.75%) MVC
3 2,169 (22.17%) TDD
4 1,874 (19.16%) Software Engineering
5 1,676 (17.13%) DevOps
6 1,673 (17.10%) Continuous Integration
7 1,672 (17.09%) Scrum
8 1,455 (14.87%) Microservices
9 1,380 (14.11%) Test Automation
10 1,318 (13.47%) OO
11 1,182 (12.08%) Problem-Solving
12 1,064 (10.88%) SOA
13 1,002 (10.24%) BDD
14 950 (9.71%) Web Development
15 905 (9.25%) SDLC
16 827 (8.45%) Unit Testing
17 685 (7.00%) E-Commerce
18 640 (6.54%) Mentoring
19 622 (6.36%) Open Source
20 574 (5.87%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 4,013 (41.02%) Java
2 3,950 (40.38%) JavaScript
3 3,553 (36.32%) C#
4 3,552 (36.31%) SQL
5 1,264 (12.92%) Python
6 812 (8.30%) T-SQL
7 650 (6.64%) PHP
8 521 (5.33%) Java 8
9 470 (4.80%) C++
10 420 (4.29%) PowerShell
11 366 (3.74%) Ruby
11 366 (3.74%) VB.NET
12 359 (3.67%) Bash Shell
13 316 (3.23%) PL/SQL
14 314 (3.21%) Scala
15 280 (2.86%) TypeScript
16 222 (2.27%) Go
17 196 (2.00%) C
18 191 (1.95%) Shell Script
19 177 (1.81%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,508 (15.41%) Degree
2 417 (4.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 204 (2.09%) Security Cleared
4 132 (1.35%) Microsoft Certification
5 110 (1.12%) ISTQB
6 99 (1.01%) SC Cleared
7 95 (0.97%) Master's Degree
8 85 (0.87%) AWS Certification
9 76 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
10 67 (0.68%) ISEB
11 58 (0.59%) MCSE
12 51 (0.52%) DV Cleared
13 45 (0.46%) PhD
14 42 (0.43%) MCSA
15 39 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
15 39 (0.40%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 34 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 33 (0.34%) CISSP
17 33 (0.34%) MCP
18 32 (0.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 765 (7.82%) QA
2 99 (1.01%) Data Quality
3 72 (0.74%) SLA
4 68 (0.70%) GDPR
5 58 (0.59%) GCP
6 54 (0.55%) PCI DSS
7 34 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 30 (0.31%) PMO
9 22 (0.22%) ISO 9001
10 15 (0.15%) WCAG
11 9 (0.092%) COBIT
12 8 (0.082%) PA-DSS
13 7 (0.072%) GAMP
13 7 (0.072%) PSD2
14 6 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 6 (0.061%) MiFID
14 6 (0.061%) Web Application Security Consortium
15 5 (0.051%) Cyber Essentials
16 4 (0.041%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 4 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,194 (12.20%) Docker
2 371 (3.79%) Active Directory
3 252 (2.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 81 (0.83%) Hyper-V
5 69 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
6 65 (0.66%) vSphere
7 37 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
8 35 (0.36%) HDFS
9 34 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
10 32 (0.33%) XenApp
11 30 (0.31%) XenDesktop
12 29 (0.30%) VirtualBox
13 24 (0.25%) VMware NSX
14 23 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
15 18 (0.18%) Firmware
15 18 (0.18%) Samba
16 17 (0.17%) Varnish
17 16 (0.16%) NFS
17 16 (0.16%) Xen
18 14 (0.14%) iptables
Systems Management
1 506 (5.17%) Ansible
2 502 (5.13%) Puppet
3 472 (4.82%) Kubernetes
4 447 (4.57%) Terraform
5 406 (4.15%) Opscode Chef
6 91 (0.93%) Nagios
7 88 (0.90%) SCCM
8 67 (0.68%) Kibana
8 67 (0.68%) Packer
9 59 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
10 51 (0.52%) Salt
11 47 (0.48%) Prometheus
11 47 (0.48%) SCOM
12 39 (0.40%) Rancher
13 38 (0.39%) logstash
13 38 (0.39%) ZABBIX
14 33 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
15 31 (0.32%) vRealize
16 27 (0.28%) Consul
17 23 (0.24%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 1,911 (19.53%) Microsoft
2 1,068 (10.92%) Oracle
3 549 (5.61%) Google
4 353 (3.61%) VMware
5 260 (2.66%) IBM
6 234 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
7 206 (2.11%) SAP
8 197 (2.01%) Red Hat
9 166 (1.70%) Capita
10 165 (1.69%) ServiceNow
11 155 (1.58%) Splunk
12 139 (1.42%) Xamarin
13 113 (1.16%) Atlassian
14 109 (1.11%) Cisco
15 107 (1.09%) HP
16 104 (1.06%) New Relic
17 99 (1.01%) WorldPay
18 93 (0.95%) Sitecore
19 87 (0.89%) Informatica
20 86 (0.88%) TIBCO