Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 55 48 49
Rank change year-on-year -7 +1 -11
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 5,718 3,591 7,370
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.06% 5.28% 5.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.38% 12.95% 13.71%
Number of salaries quoted 3,862 3,064 6,037
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +13.64% +4.76%
75th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £116,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 46,206 27,737 53,745
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.89% 40.80% 37.51%
Number of salaries quoted 30,515 23,129 44,727
10th Percentile £35,250 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,575 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.10% +5.72% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 5,193 £65,000 +3.17% 788
London -13 2,817 £85,000 +3.03% 337
UK excluding London -14 2,542 £50,000 - 495
Work from Home -5 1,227 £62,500 +5.48% 175
South East -2 812 £50,000 - 93
North of England -18 527 £52,500 +5.00% 132
South West +1 469 £50,000 - 74
Midlands -14 312 £45,000 -5.26% 84
Yorkshire +17 242 £50,000 - 38
North West -21 231 £55,000 +10.00% 79
West Midlands +2 217 £45,000 -5.26% 56
East of England -24 161 £55,000 - 61
Scotland -35 142 £50,000 -4.76% 31
East Midlands -31 93 £45,000 -1.10% 27
Wales -18 81 £45,000 +12.50% 17
North East -21 54 £58,750 +32.77% 15
Northern Ireland +5 48 £45,000 -10.00% 3

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 3,027 (52.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,748 (48.06%) AWS
3 2,531 (44.26%) JavaScript
4 1,889 (33.04%) Java
5 1,803 (31.53%) Software Engineering
6 1,623 (28.38%) SQL
7 1,620 (28.33%) Azure
8 1,571 (27.47%) React
9 1,546 (27.04%) Microservices
10 1,473 (25.76%) Finance
11 1,464 (25.60%) .NET
12 1,435 (25.10%) C#
13 1,426 (24.94%) Python
14 1,285 (22.47%) REST
15 1,222 (21.37%) DevOps
16 1,179 (20.62%) HTML
17 1,154 (20.18%) Docker
18 1,134 (19.83%) CSS
19 1,105 (19.32%) TDD
20 1,075 (18.80%) Git (software)
21 1,049 (18.35%) Full Stack Development
22 1,041 (18.21%) SQL Server
23 1,020 (17.84%) AngularJS
24 989 (17.30%) Node.js
25 982 (17.17%) Serverless
26 944 (16.51%) Scrum
27 910 (15.91%) Microsoft
28 893 (15.62%) RESTful
29 892 (15.60%) Kubernetes
30 824 (14.41%) Social Skills

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 218 (3.81%) Apache
2 185 (3.24%) Confluence
3 174 (3.04%) CMS
4 157 (2.75%) SharePoint
5 148 (2.59%) Tomcat
6 141 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
7 130 (2.27%) IIS
8 118 (2.06%) Apache Spark
9 65 (1.14%) nginx
10 62 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
10 62 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 50 (0.87%) EPiServer
11 50 (0.87%) Oracle Workflow
12 41 (0.72%) Umbraco
13 36 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
14 35 (0.61%) JBoss
15 34 (0.59%) Apache Solr
16 33 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
17 32 (0.56%) WebSphere
18 30 (0.52%) Mule
Applications
1 58 (1.01%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.30%) Photoshop
4 16 (0.28%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 15 (0.26%) Sketch
6 14 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
7 13 (0.23%) Simulink
8 10 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 9 (0.16%) UXPin
10 8 (0.14%) Adobe After Effects
10 8 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
10 8 (0.14%) InDesign
11 7 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.070%) Fireworks
12 4 (0.070%) Zeplin
13 2 (0.035%) Chatbot
14 1 (0.017%) Acrobat
14 1 (0.017%) Figma
14 1 (0.017%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 101 (1.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 34 (0.59%) Remedy ITSM
3 18 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
3 18 (0.31%) Sentinel
4 17 (0.30%) SAP Business One
5 16 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
6 15 (0.26%) Shopify
7 14 (0.24%) Magento
7 14 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
8 11 (0.19%) R3 Corda
9 10 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
10 9 (0.16%) NetSuite
10 9 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
11 8 (0.14%) PeopleSoft HCM
12 7 (0.12%) Infor M3
13 6 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
14 4 (0.070%) Elite 3E
14 4 (0.070%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 3 (0.052%) Adobe Campaign
15 3 (0.052%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 2,748 (48.06%) AWS
2 1,620 (28.33%) Azure
3 982 (17.17%) Serverless
4 793 (13.87%) GCP
5 501 (8.76%) AWS Lambda
6 485 (8.48%) SaaS
7 448 (7.83%) GitHub
8 381 (6.66%) Amazon EC2
9 329 (5.75%) Amazon S3
10 266 (4.65%) Amazon ECS
11 258 (4.51%) PaaS
12 203 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
13 170 (2.97%) Amazon SQS
14 161 (2.82%) Power Platform
15 155 (2.71%) AWS Step Functions
16 143 (2.50%) Azure Service Bus
17 138 (2.41%) AWS CloudFormation
18 132 (2.31%) IaaS
19 130 (2.27%) Microsoft 365
20 112 (1.96%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 290 (5.07%) HTTP
2 179 (3.13%) Firewall
3 145 (2.54%) VPN
4 135 (2.36%) Internet
5 96 (1.68%) DNS
6 78 (1.36%) IPv4
6 78 (1.36%) TCP/IP
7 67 (1.17%) SSL
8 62 (1.08%) OSPF
8 62 (1.08%) VLAN
9 34 (0.59%) Network Security
10 31 (0.54%) SMTP
11 27 (0.47%) AMQP
12 22 (0.38%) FTP
13 19 (0.33%) Broadband
14 17 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
14 17 (0.30%) SAN
15 16 (0.28%) BGP
16 15 (0.26%) IPsec
16 15 (0.26%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,041 (18.21%) SQL Server
2 696 (12.17%) MySQL
3 584 (10.21%) PostgreSQL
4 517 (9.04%) NoSQL
5 479 (8.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 478 (8.36%) Relational Database
7 410 (7.17%) MongoDB
8 267 (4.67%) Big Data
9 259 (4.53%) Amazon RDS
10 240 (4.20%) Redis
11 196 (3.43%) Amazon Aurora
12 143 (2.50%) Hadoop
13 133 (2.33%) Amazon Athena
14 126 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
15 120 (2.10%) MariaDB
16 92 (1.61%) Power BI
17 89 (1.56%) RDBMS
18 87 (1.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 77 (1.35%) Apache Ignite
20 69 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,075 (18.80%) Git (software)
2 647 (11.32%) Jenkins
3 445 (7.78%) JIRA
4 256 (4.48%) Maven
5 252 (4.41%) JUnit
6 244 (4.27%) Selenium
7 201 (3.52%) GitLab
8 184 (3.22%) Visual Studio
9 172 (3.01%) Team Foundation Server
10 146 (2.55%) Subversion
11 140 (2.45%) Cucumber
12 139 (2.43%) webpack
13 127 (2.22%) Cypress.io
14 109 (1.91%) WebDriver
15 102 (1.78%) Mockito
16 99 (1.73%) Mocha
17 95 (1.66%) Artifactory
18 89 (1.56%) Visual Studio Team System
19 84 (1.47%) JMeter
20 83 (1.45%) Gradle
General
1 1,473 (25.76%) Finance
2 824 (14.41%) Social Skills
3 438 (7.66%) Banking
4 383 (6.70%) Front Office
5 315 (5.51%) Analytical Skills
6 245 (4.28%) Marketing
7 221 (3.86%) Public Sector
8 215 (3.76%) Retail
9 204 (3.57%) Games
10 155 (2.71%) Law
11 129 (2.26%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 123 (2.15%) Presentation Skills
13 85 (1.49%) Back Office
14 84 (1.47%) Advertising
14 84 (1.47%) Telecoms
15 74 (1.29%) Investment Banking
16 72 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
17 68 (1.19%) Financial Institution
18 58 (1.01%) Legal
19 45 (0.79%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 3,140 (54.91%) Developer
2 1,078 (18.85%) Software Engineer
3 598 (10.46%) Senior Developer
4 564 (9.86%) Java Developer
5 484 (8.46%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 441 (7.71%) .NET Developer
7 351 (6.14%) AWS Engineer
8 342 (5.98%) C# Developer
9 334 (5.84%) React Developer
10 320 (5.60%) Architect
11 319 (5.58%) Software Developer
12 272 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
12 272 (4.76%) Python Developer
13 271 (4.74%) Python Engineer
14 270 (4.72%) AWS Developer
15 232 (4.06%) Lead Developer
16 222 (3.88%) Senior Software Engineer
17 207 (3.62%) AWS Software Engineer
18 199 (3.48%) JavaScript Developer
19 187 (3.27%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,571 (27.47%) React
2 1,464 (25.60%) .NET
3 1,285 (22.47%) REST
4 1,179 (20.62%) HTML
5 1,134 (19.83%) CSS
6 1,020 (17.84%) AngularJS
7 989 (17.30%) Node.js
8 893 (15.62%) RESTful
9 748 (13.08%) SOAP
10 691 (12.08%) Spring
11 589 (10.30%) XML
12 547 (9.57%) .NET Core
13 532 (9.30%) JSON
14 495 (8.66%) ASP.NET
15 493 (8.62%) jQuery
16 457 (7.99%) .NET Framework
17 452 (7.90%) HTML5
17 452 (7.90%) Vue.js
18 342 (5.98%) ASP.NET Web API
19 337 (5.89%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 399 (6.98%) User Experience
2 335 (5.86%) Hedge funds
3 294 (5.14%) Greenfield Project
4 247 (4.32%) Mobile App
5 246 (4.30%) Fixed Income
6 236 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
7 223 (3.90%) Derivative
8 215 (3.76%) Equities
9 200 (3.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 193 (3.38%) Public Cloud
11 168 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
12 154 (2.69%) Legacy Systems
13 148 (2.59%) NHS
14 139 (2.43%) Algorithms
15 135 (2.36%) Pricing Data
16 114 (1.99%) Data Structures
17 106 (1.85%) Cloud Native
18 95 (1.66%) Blog
19 85 (1.49%) Virtual Team
20 75 (1.31%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 769 (13.45%) Linux
2 404 (7.07%) Windows
3 271 (4.74%) Android
4 262 (4.58%) Unix
5 231 (4.04%) Apple iOS
6 174 (3.04%) Windows Server
7 75 (1.31%) Windows Server 2016
8 67 (1.17%) Ubuntu
9 65 (1.14%) CentOS
10 51 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 27 (0.47%) VMS
11 27 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
12 18 (0.31%) Windows 10
13 17 (0.30%) Mesosphere
13 17 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
14 14 (0.24%) Fedora
15 9 (0.16%) Kali Linux
15 9 (0.16%) Solaris
16 6 (0.10%) CoreOS
16 6 (0.10%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,027 (52.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,803 (31.53%) Software Engineering
3 1,546 (27.04%) Microservices
4 1,222 (21.37%) DevOps
5 1,105 (19.32%) TDD
6 1,049 (18.35%) Full Stack Development
7 944 (16.51%) Scrum
8 809 (14.15%) Test Automation
9 703 (12.29%) Asset Management
10 697 (12.19%) MVC
11 679 (11.87%) OO
12 611 (10.69%) Continuous Integration
13 544 (9.51%) Computer Science
14 525 (9.18%) BDD
15 511 (8.94%) Problem-Solving
16 496 (8.67%) Web Development
17 494 (8.64%) Mentoring
18 465 (8.13%) SDLC
19 446 (7.80%) Investment Management
20 438 (7.66%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2,531 (44.26%) JavaScript
2 1,889 (33.04%) Java
3 1,623 (28.38%) SQL
4 1,435 (25.10%) C#
5 1,426 (24.94%) Python
6 820 (14.34%) TypeScript
7 407 (7.12%) PHP
8 295 (5.16%) PowerShell
9 261 (4.56%) Scala
10 253 (4.42%) T-SQL
11 190 (3.32%) Bash Shell
12 161 (2.82%) C++
13 154 (2.69%) Go
14 149 (2.61%) Java 8
14 149 (2.61%) Ruby
15 145 (2.54%) ES6
16 143 (2.50%) Kotlin
17 101 (1.77%) Clojure
18 98 (1.71%) Perl
19 89 (1.56%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 694 (12.14%) Degree
2 273 (4.77%) Computer Science Degree
3 268 (4.69%) Security Cleared
4 196 (3.43%) SC Cleared
5 57 (1.00%) Oracle Certification
6 53 (0.93%) Master's Degree
7 50 (0.87%) AWS Certification
8 48 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
9 39 (0.68%) OCP
10 37 (0.65%) ISTQB
11 35 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
12 26 (0.45%) GIAC
12 26 (0.45%) RHCE
13 22 (0.38%) DBS Check
13 22 (0.38%) PhD
14 18 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
14 18 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 16 (0.28%) CISSP
16 14 (0.24%) DV Cleared
17 12 (0.21%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 388 (6.79%) QA
2 107 (1.87%) Accessibility
3 45 (0.79%) GDPR
4 43 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 42 (0.73%) Data Quality
6 34 (0.59%) PCI DSS
7 33 (0.58%) SLA
8 11 (0.19%) GRC
9 9 (0.16%) NIST
10 8 (0.14%) HL7
11 7 (0.12%) IEC 62304
11 7 (0.12%) ISO 13485
12 5 (0.087%) COBIT
12 5 (0.087%) WCAG
13 4 (0.070%) HIPAA
13 4 (0.070%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.070%) WAI
14 3 (0.052%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 2 (0.035%) CDISC
15 2 (0.035%) GxP
System Software
1 1,154 (20.18%) Docker
2 203 (3.55%) Active Directory
3 157 (2.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 111 (1.94%) VMware ESXi
5 28 (0.49%) HDFS
5 28 (0.49%) Hyper-V
5 28 (0.49%) NDS
5 28 (0.49%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 27 (0.47%) vSphere
7 19 (0.33%) Postfix
8 14 (0.24%) KVM
9 13 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
10 11 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.19%) etcd
11 8 (0.14%) Snort
11 8 (0.14%) Squid
12 7 (0.12%) Ceph
12 7 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.10%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 892 (15.60%) Kubernetes
2 612 (10.70%) Terraform
3 370 (6.47%) Ansible
4 202 (3.53%) Opscode Chef
5 188 (3.29%) Puppet
6 153 (2.68%) Prometheus
7 117 (2.05%) Grafana
8 46 (0.80%) Istio
9 42 (0.73%) Microsoft Clustering
10 33 (0.58%) Kibana
11 31 (0.54%) Consul
12 27 (0.47%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 24 (0.42%) Jamf Pro
13 24 (0.42%) SCOM
14 23 (0.40%) AirWatch
15 21 (0.37%) Packer
16 19 (0.33%) HP UCMDB
17 17 (0.30%) Automic
17 17 (0.30%) Microsoft Intune
18 14 (0.24%) Demisto
Vendors
1 910 (15.91%) Microsoft
2 512 (8.95%) Google
3 492 (8.60%) Oracle
4 237 (4.14%) VMware
5 124 (2.17%) Salesforce.com
6 120 (2.10%) SAP
7 106 (1.85%) ServiceNow
8 90 (1.57%) IBM
9 77 (1.35%) Splunk
10 61 (1.07%) Sybase
11 60 (1.05%) Citrix
12 55 (0.96%) Red Hat
13 53 (0.93%) Atlassian
14 52 (0.91%) Nintex
15 51 (0.89%) Apple
16 50 (0.87%) Okta
16 50 (0.87%) Xamarin
17 48 (0.84%) Adobe
18 46 (0.80%) HP
19 42 (0.73%) Cisco