Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 44 46 40
Rank change year-on-year +2 -6 +1
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 2,880 6,999 9,116
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.24% 5.15% 5.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.99% 13.49% 14.21%
Number of salaries quoted 2,851 6,095 7,778
Median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.04% +9.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £122,500 £108,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,250
% change year-on-year +5.26% +0.53% +5.00%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,028 51,871 64,160
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.74% 38.20% 39.84%
Number of salaries quoted 20,649 42,841 53,018
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,000 £87,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 2,685 £70,000 +21.74% 451
London +15 1,575 £80,000 +3.23% 172
UK excluding London -29 1,211 £50,000 +5.26% 312
Work from Home +23 553 £62,500 +8.70% 85
South East -25 356 £50,000 - 65
North of England -24 283 £50,000 +5.26% 88
South West -4 192 £52,500 +16.67% 47
Midlands -21 180 £50,000 +11.11% 49
North West -28 143 £55,000 +15.79% 57
Yorkshire -13 102 £45,000 -5.26% 26
East Midlands +1 90 £50,000 +6.38% 26
West Midlands -24 90 £43,750 -1.69% 22
East of England -6 86 £60,000 +14.29% 30
Scotland -15 77 £50,000 +17.65% 19
North East +7 37 £45,500 +13.75% 5
Wales -7 24 £47,500 +26.67% 13
Northern Ireland -2 15 £42,500 -20.93% 2

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,427 (49.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,337 (46.42%) AWS
3 1,294 (44.93%) JavaScript
4 1,109 (38.51%) Java
5 1,014 (35.21%) SQL
6 973 (33.78%) Finance
7 928 (32.22%) Azure
8 873 (30.31%) Python
9 808 (28.06%) .NET
10 732 (25.42%) AngularJS
11 719 (24.97%) C#
12 707 (24.55%) DevOps
13 698 (24.24%) Software Engineering
14 604 (20.97%) REST
15 601 (20.87%) HTML
16 586 (20.35%) React
17 560 (19.44%) CSS
18 534 (18.54%) SQL Server
19 527 (18.30%) Asset Management
20 519 (18.02%) Microservices
21 487 (16.91%) Scrum
22 473 (16.42%) TDD
22 473 (16.42%) Hedge funds
23 463 (16.08%) Fixed Income
24 459 (15.94%) Git (software)
25 439 (15.24%) Docker
26 424 (14.72%) Front Office
27 415 (14.41%) SOAP
28 400 (13.89%) RESTful
29 396 (13.75%) GCP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 171 (5.94%) Apache
2 91 (3.16%) Elasticsearch
3 87 (3.02%) Tomcat
4 74 (2.57%) CMS
5 61 (2.12%) Confluence
6 51 (1.77%) SharePoint
7 44 (1.53%) Apache Spark
8 31 (1.08%) IIS
9 29 (1.01%) nginx
10 23 (0.80%) Oracle Workflow
11 22 (0.76%) WebSphere
12 16 (0.56%) JBoss
13 14 (0.49%) OpenStack
14 13 (0.45%) EPiServer
15 12 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
15 12 (0.42%) Mule
15 12 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 12 (0.42%) Umbraco
15 12 (0.42%) WebLogic
16 11 (0.38%) Tornado
Applications
1 17 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
2 11 (0.38%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.10%) Figma
6 3 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.035%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 80 (2.78%) Markit EDM
2 56 (1.94%) Dynamics CRM
3 55 (1.91%) R3 Corda
4 50 (1.74%) Eagle PACE
4 50 (1.74%) PolarLake
5 42 (1.46%) Distributed Ledger
6 30 (1.04%) SimCorp Dimension
7 24 (0.83%) SAP Hybris
8 23 (0.80%) Magento
9 17 (0.59%) Oracle ERP
10 15 (0.52%) Remedy ITSM
10 15 (0.52%) Siebel CRM
11 12 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
12 10 (0.35%) Oracle Payables
13 9 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
14 8 (0.28%) Sentinel
15 7 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 6 (0.21%) Eikon
17 5 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
17 5 (0.17%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 1,337 (46.42%) AWS
2 928 (32.22%) Azure
3 396 (13.75%) GCP
4 343 (11.91%) Serverless
5 254 (8.82%) AWS Lambda
6 195 (6.77%) Amazon EC2
7 182 (6.32%) SaaS
8 155 (5.38%) Amazon S3
9 125 (4.34%) PaaS
10 112 (3.89%) Amazon ECS
11 89 (3.09%) GitHub
12 84 (2.92%) IaaS
13 80 (2.78%) Apigee
14 60 (2.08%) Azure Active Directory
15 58 (2.01%) Cloud Computing
16 55 (1.91%) npm
17 46 (1.60%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 44 (1.53%) Office 365
19 42 (1.46%) Amazon SQS
20 41 (1.42%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 73 (2.53%) HTTP
2 51 (1.77%) DNS
3 50 (1.74%) TCP/IP
4 39 (1.35%) Firewall
5 36 (1.25%) Internet
6 28 (0.97%) VPN
7 17 (0.59%) SSL
8 13 (0.45%) RTP
9 12 (0.42%) Skype
10 10 (0.35%) Network Security
11 9 (0.31%) FTP
11 9 (0.31%) Kerberos
12 7 (0.24%) DHCP
12 7 (0.24%) SSH
12 7 (0.24%) VoIP
13 6 (0.21%) HTTPS
13 6 (0.21%) Intrusion Detection
13 6 (0.21%) SAN
13 6 (0.21%) Wireshark
14 5 (0.17%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 534 (18.54%) SQL Server
2 311 (10.80%) MySQL
3 243 (8.44%) PostgreSQL
4 201 (6.98%) NoSQL
5 152 (5.28%) MongoDB
6 134 (4.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 131 (4.55%) Relational Database
8 93 (3.23%) Amazon Redshift
9 89 (3.09%) Data Warehouse
10 84 (2.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 78 (2.71%) Big Data
12 61 (2.12%) Hadoop
13 60 (2.08%) Redis
14 59 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 55 (1.91%) Blockchain
16 36 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
16 36 (1.25%) Power BI
17 32 (1.11%) Apache Ignite
18 30 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
19 29 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 459 (15.94%) Git (software)
2 300 (10.42%) Jenkins
3 161 (5.59%) JIRA
4 116 (4.03%) Maven
5 108 (3.75%) Team Foundation Server
6 95 (3.30%) Selenium
7 85 (2.95%) GitLab
8 78 (2.71%) JUnit
9 70 (2.43%) Artifactory
10 63 (2.19%) IntelliJ
11 55 (1.91%) Visual Studio
12 53 (1.84%) Cucumber
13 52 (1.81%) Visual Studio Team System
14 49 (1.70%) TeamCity
15 43 (1.49%) Subversion
15 43 (1.49%) webpack
16 40 (1.39%) Mockito
17 39 (1.35%) gulp
18 36 (1.25%) Bitbucket
19 35 (1.22%) NUnit
General
1 973 (33.78%) Finance
2 424 (14.72%) Front Office
3 218 (7.57%) Banking
4 123 (4.27%) Marketing
5 106 (3.68%) Back Office
6 95 (3.30%) Investment Banking
7 94 (3.26%) Public Sector
8 75 (2.60%) Retail
9 51 (1.77%) Law
10 44 (1.53%) Telecoms
11 41 (1.42%) Manufacturing
12 30 (1.04%) Games
13 28 (0.97%) Advertising
14 26 (0.90%) Publishing
15 21 (0.73%) Financial Institution
16 13 (0.45%) Electronics
17 12 (0.42%) Legal
18 10 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
19 8 (0.28%) French Language
19 8 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,739 (60.38%) Developer
2 421 (14.62%) Software Engineer
3 288 (10.00%) Senior Developer
4 283 (9.83%) Architect
5 270 (9.38%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 268 (9.31%) Python Developer
7 259 (8.99%) .NET Developer
8 248 (8.61%) Java Developer
9 217 (7.53%) C# Developer
10 175 (6.08%) AWS Engineer
11 165 (5.73%) Software Developer
12 157 (5.45%) Python Engineer
13 155 (5.38%) JavaScript Developer
14 153 (5.31%) Lead Developer
15 151 (5.24%) PHP Developer
16 146 (5.07%) Python Software Engineer
17 136 (4.72%) Full Stack Developer
18 128 (4.44%) Analyst
19 127 (4.41%) C# .NET Developer
20 125 (4.34%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 808 (28.06%) .NET
2 732 (25.42%) AngularJS
3 604 (20.97%) REST
4 601 (20.87%) HTML
5 586 (20.35%) React
6 560 (19.44%) CSS
7 415 (14.41%) SOAP
8 400 (13.89%) RESTful
9 393 (13.65%) Vue.js
10 345 (11.98%) .NET Core
11 320 (11.11%) Node.js
12 313 (10.87%) XML
13 289 (10.03%) JSON
14 285 (9.90%) Spring
15 262 (9.10%) ASP.NET
16 243 (8.44%) jQuery
17 220 (7.64%) .NET Framework
18 193 (6.70%) ASP.NET Web API
19 180 (6.25%) Spring Boot
20 175 (6.08%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 473 (16.42%) Hedge funds
2 463 (16.08%) Fixed Income
3 362 (12.57%) Derivative
4 347 (12.05%) Equities
5 256 (8.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 162 (5.63%) Analytical Skills
7 161 (5.59%) Greenfield Project
8 116 (4.03%) User Experience
9 106 (3.68%) Blog
10 89 (3.09%) Reference Data
11 82 (2.85%) Mobile App
12 75 (2.60%) Credit Derivative
13 73 (2.53%) Algorithms
14 71 (2.47%) Cloud Native
15 70 (2.43%) Public Cloud
16 63 (2.19%) Data Structures
17 52 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
18 51 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
19 30 (1.04%) LIMS
20 27 (0.94%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 267 (9.27%) Linux
2 167 (5.80%) Windows
3 65 (2.26%) Android
4 52 (1.81%) Unix
5 43 (1.49%) Apple iOS
6 41 (1.42%) Windows Server
7 34 (1.18%) CentOS
8 27 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
9 23 (0.80%) Ubuntu
10 17 (0.59%) Windows 10
11 15 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 11 (0.38%) Amazon Linux
13 10 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
14 8 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.17%) Kali Linux
16 4 (0.14%) Mesosphere
17 3 (0.10%) Solaris
17 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
18 2 (0.069%) AIX
18 2 (0.069%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,427 (49.55%) Agile Software Development
2 707 (24.55%) DevOps
3 698 (24.24%) Software Engineering
4 527 (18.30%) Asset Management
5 519 (18.02%) Microservices
6 487 (16.91%) Scrum
7 473 (16.42%) TDD
8 387 (13.44%) MVC
9 358 (12.43%) Investment Management
10 294 (10.21%) Test Automation
11 268 (9.31%) Continuous Integration
12 262 (9.10%) Problem-Solving
13 255 (8.85%) Fintech
14 247 (8.58%) OO
15 228 (7.92%) Mentoring
16 222 (7.71%) Migration
17 220 (7.64%) BDD
18 217 (7.53%) Web Development
19 209 (7.26%) Analytics
20 193 (6.70%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,294 (44.93%) JavaScript
2 1,109 (38.51%) Java
3 1,014 (35.21%) SQL
4 873 (30.31%) Python
5 719 (24.97%) C#
6 247 (8.58%) PHP
7 198 (6.88%) TypeScript
8 183 (6.35%) Kotlin
9 149 (5.17%) R
10 142 (4.93%) C++
11 132 (4.58%) PowerShell
12 123 (4.27%) T-SQL
13 103 (3.58%) C
14 97 (3.37%) Apex Code
14 97 (3.37%) Ruby
15 85 (2.95%) Bash Shell
16 84 (2.92%) Scala
17 60 (2.08%) Go
18 52 (1.81%) Java 8
19 41 (1.42%) VB
Qualifications
1 210 (7.29%) Degree
2 78 (2.71%) Security Cleared
3 70 (2.43%) SC Cleared
4 54 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (1.67%) Sun Certification
6 27 (0.94%) ISTQB
7 19 (0.66%) PhD
8 16 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 16 (0.56%) Oracle Certification
9 14 (0.49%) AWS Certification
9 14 (0.49%) CISSP
10 13 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
11 12 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 11 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
13 10 (0.35%) ISEB
13 10 (0.35%) Master's Degree
13 10 (0.35%) SANS
14 9 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 8 (0.28%) MCSE
16 6 (0.21%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 124 (4.31%) QA
2 32 (1.11%) NIST
3 28 (0.97%) SLA
4 23 (0.80%) GDPR
4 23 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.66%) Data Quality
6 11 (0.38%) ISO 9001
7 7 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 3 (0.10%) ISO 13485
9 3 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 3 (0.10%) PSD2
10 2 (0.069%) HL7
10 2 (0.069%) MiFID
10 2 (0.069%) NCSC
11 1 (0.035%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 439 (15.24%) Docker
2 98 (3.40%) Active Directory
3 46 (1.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.97%) Hyper-V
5 20 (0.69%) vSphere
6 15 (0.52%) XenApp
7 12 (0.42%) NDS
7 12 (0.42%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 11 (0.38%) Postfix
9 7 (0.24%) Varnish
10 5 (0.17%) Firmware
10 5 (0.17%) Snort
11 4 (0.14%) Gluster
11 4 (0.14%) GlusterFS
11 4 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.10%) HDFS
12 3 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.069%) iptables
13 2 (0.069%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 330 (11.46%) Kubernetes
2 168 (5.83%) Terraform
3 133 (4.62%) Ansible
4 104 (3.61%) Puppet
5 99 (3.44%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
7 20 (0.69%) Kibana
7 20 (0.69%) SCCM
8 19 (0.66%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 17 (0.59%) logstash
10 13 (0.45%) Grafana
11 12 (0.42%) HP UCMDB
12 11 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
13 10 (0.35%) vCenter Server
14 9 (0.31%) Istio
14 9 (0.31%) Oracle Identity Manager
14 9 (0.31%) Prometheus
14 9 (0.31%) Tivoli
14 9 (0.31%) Tivoli Identity Manager
15 8 (0.28%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 302 (10.49%) Microsoft
2 230 (7.99%) Google
3 187 (6.49%) Oracle
4 142 (4.93%) Salesforce.com
5 82 (2.85%) SAP
6 69 (2.40%) Bloomberg
7 56 (1.94%) VMware
8 44 (1.53%) ServiceNow
9 41 (1.42%) IBM
10 40 (1.39%) Adobe
11 30 (1.04%) Calypso
11 30 (1.04%) Charles River
11 30 (1.04%) GoldenSource
11 30 (1.04%) SimCorp
12 29 (1.01%) Zend
13 28 (0.97%) New Relic
14 25 (0.87%) hybris
15 24 (0.83%) Cisco
16 22 (0.76%) Splunk
17 21 (0.73%) Red Hat