Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 44 52
Rank change year-on-year -12 +8 -9
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 6,435 2,732 6,782
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.06% 5.50% 4.95%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.60% 12.51% 13.11%
Number of salaries quoted 4,227 2,279 5,600
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £67,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.70% +22.73% -
75th Percentile £92,500 £100,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £120,000 £128,750 £102,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,083 21,841 51,735
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 44.00% 37.76%
Number of salaries quoted 32,464 18,771 43,025
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +5.31%
75th Percentile £79,563 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 5,698 £67,500 -3.57% 859
London -24 3,148 £85,000 -5.56% 380
UK excluding London -2 2,731 £50,000 - 538
Work from Home -19 1,570 £65,000 +8.33% 238
South East +3 868 £52,500 +5.00% 102
North of England -7 581 £54,500 +9.00% 146
South West +13 416 £50,000 - 55
Midlands -14 377 £49,500 +16.47% 101
North West -18 286 £57,500 +4.55% 92
West Midlands +21 267 £48,750 +14.71% 58
Yorkshire +10 253 £45,172 +0.38% 39
East of England -15 202 £50,000 -16.67% 67
Scotland -24 148 £53,750 +10.26% 40
Wales +8 115 £45,000 +1.40% 21
East Midlands -52 98 £47,500 -3.06% 41
Northern Ireland -12 43 £65,000 +73.33% 6
North East -26 42 £65,000 +44.44% 15

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 3,481 (54.09%) Agile Software Development
2 3,107 (48.28%) AWS
3 2,764 (42.95%) JavaScript
4 2,161 (33.58%) Java
5 2,151 (33.43%) Software Engineering
6 1,849 (28.73%) Azure
7 1,835 (28.52%) SQL
8 1,744 (27.10%) Finance
9 1,717 (26.68%) React
10 1,558 (24.21%) Microservices
11 1,554 (24.15%) Python
12 1,483 (23.05%) C#
13 1,453 (22.58%) .NET
14 1,438 (22.35%) REST
15 1,422 (22.10%) Full Stack Development
16 1,406 (21.85%) Docker
16 1,406 (21.85%) DevOps
17 1,267 (19.69%) HTML
18 1,219 (18.94%) CSS
19 1,204 (18.71%) TDD
20 1,201 (18.66%) Social Skills
21 1,194 (18.55%) Kubernetes
22 1,174 (18.24%) Git (software)
23 1,162 (18.06%) Node.js
24 1,133 (17.61%) Serverless
25 1,105 (17.17%) AngularJS
26 1,101 (17.11%) SQL Server
27 1,081 (16.80%) TypeScript
28 1,058 (16.44%) RESTful
29 1,045 (16.24%) Scrum

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 238 (3.70%) CMS
2 218 (3.39%) Apache
3 198 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
4 191 (2.97%) Confluence
5 135 (2.10%) IIS
6 134 (2.08%) Tomcat
7 126 (1.96%) SharePoint
8 114 (1.77%) Apache Spark
9 73 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
10 68 (1.06%) EPiServer
11 58 (0.90%) nginx
12 52 (0.81%) Mule
13 38 (0.59%) WordPress
14 34 (0.53%) Apache Airflow
14 34 (0.53%) Drupal
15 32 (0.50%) Apache Solr
16 30 (0.47%) Mule ESB
17 28 (0.44%) Jupyter
18 27 (0.42%) Anypoint
18 27 (0.42%) Umbraco
Applications
1 75 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.28%) Simulink
4 17 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.093%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.078%) Sketch
8 5 (0.078%) Zeplin
9 4 (0.062%) Adobe XD
10 3 (0.047%) Figma
10 3 (0.047%) UXPin
11 2 (0.031%) InDesign
12 1 (0.016%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.016%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.016%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.016%) FrameMaker
12 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.016%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 106 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 63 (0.98%) NetSuite
3 29 (0.45%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 27 (0.42%) SAP Business One
5 23 (0.36%) R3 Corda
5 23 (0.36%) Shopify
6 22 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
6 22 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
7 18 (0.28%) Magento
7 18 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
8 14 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 14 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
9 12 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
10 9 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
10 9 (0.14%) Infor M3
11 7 (0.11%) Sentinel
12 6 (0.093%) Oracle EBS
13 5 (0.078%) Elite 3E
13 5 (0.078%) osCommerce
14 4 (0.062%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 3,107 (48.28%) AWS
2 1,849 (28.73%) Azure
3 1,133 (17.61%) Serverless
4 877 (13.63%) GCP
5 676 (10.51%) AWS Lambda
6 552 (8.58%) GitHub
7 493 (7.66%) SaaS
8 455 (7.07%) Amazon EC2
9 427 (6.64%) Amazon S3
10 319 (4.96%) Amazon ECS
11 250 (3.89%) Amazon SQS
12 202 (3.14%) AWS Step Functions
13 197 (3.06%) Cloud Computing
14 184 (2.86%) PaaS
15 179 (2.78%) Power Platform
16 167 (2.60%) AWS CloudFormation
17 158 (2.46%) OpenShift
18 137 (2.13%) Amazon Kinesis
19 125 (1.94%) Azure Service Bus
20 114 (1.77%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 313 (4.86%) HTTP
2 131 (2.04%) Firewall
3 103 (1.60%) Internet
4 90 (1.40%) VPN
5 82 (1.27%) TCP/IP
6 80 (1.24%) DNS
7 72 (1.12%) Kerberos
8 60 (0.93%) SSL
9 39 (0.61%) Broadband
10 33 (0.51%) Skype
11 32 (0.50%) IPv4
12 30 (0.47%) VLAN
13 29 (0.45%) OSPF
14 26 (0.40%) 5G
15 24 (0.37%) NFC
16 19 (0.30%) AMQP
16 19 (0.30%) IPv6
17 18 (0.28%) Network Security
18 17 (0.26%) BGP
19 16 (0.25%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,101 (17.11%) SQL Server
2 709 (11.02%) MySQL
3 559 (8.69%) NoSQL
4 545 (8.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 536 (8.33%) Relational Database
6 525 (8.16%) PostgreSQL
7 480 (7.46%) MongoDB
8 363 (5.64%) Amazon RDS
9 291 (4.52%) Big Data
10 256 (3.98%) Redis
11 223 (3.47%) Amazon Aurora
12 211 (3.28%) Amazon Athena
13 141 (2.19%) Hadoop
14 136 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
15 130 (2.02%) Power BI
16 126 (1.96%) MariaDB
17 108 (1.68%) Amazon Redshift
18 106 (1.65%) Apache Ignite
19 95 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 85 (1.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,174 (18.24%) Git (software)
2 862 (13.40%) Jenkins
3 488 (7.58%) JIRA
4 292 (4.54%) Maven
5 282 (4.38%) Selenium
6 252 (3.92%) GitLab
7 233 (3.62%) JUnit
8 165 (2.56%) Visual Studio
9 157 (2.44%) Team Foundation Server
10 149 (2.32%) webpack
11 146 (2.27%) Cucumber
12 140 (2.18%) Subversion
13 134 (2.08%) Artifactory
14 131 (2.04%) Cypress.io
15 117 (1.82%) TeamCity
16 112 (1.74%) WebDriver
17 108 (1.68%) JMeter
18 103 (1.60%) Mockito
19 89 (1.38%) Bitbucket
19 89 (1.38%) Postman
General
1 1,744 (27.10%) Finance
2 1,201 (18.66%) Social Skills
3 520 (8.08%) Banking
4 514 (7.99%) Front Office
5 394 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
6 279 (4.34%) Retail
7 260 (4.04%) Marketing
8 220 (3.42%) Law
9 204 (3.17%) Public Sector
10 184 (2.86%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 178 (2.77%) Games
12 151 (2.35%) Presentation Skills
13 116 (1.80%) Telecoms
14 106 (1.65%) Advertising
15 95 (1.48%) Organisational Skills
16 87 (1.35%) Investment Banking
17 81 (1.26%) Back Office
18 66 (1.03%) Automotive
18 66 (1.03%) Legal
19 65 (1.01%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,396 (52.77%) Developer
2 1,406 (21.85%) Software Engineer
3 642 (9.98%) Senior Developer
4 616 (9.57%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 604 (9.39%) Java Developer
6 457 (7.10%) Architect
7 420 (6.53%) .NET Developer
8 417 (6.48%) Software Developer
9 408 (6.34%) AWS Engineer
10 380 (5.91%) Python Engineer
11 376 (5.84%) React Developer
12 365 (5.67%) Python Developer
13 358 (5.56%) Full Stack Developer
14 345 (5.36%) Senior Software Engineer
15 317 (4.93%) Lead Developer
16 272 (4.23%) C# Developer
17 266 (4.13%) AWS Developer
18 265 (4.12%) Python Software Engineer
19 232 (3.61%) DevOps Engineer
20 228 (3.54%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,717 (26.68%) React
2 1,453 (22.58%) .NET
3 1,438 (22.35%) REST
4 1,267 (19.69%) HTML
5 1,219 (18.94%) CSS
6 1,162 (18.06%) Node.js
7 1,105 (17.17%) AngularJS
8 1,058 (16.44%) RESTful
9 819 (12.73%) SOAP
10 705 (10.96%) Spring
11 696 (10.82%) XML
12 611 (9.49%) JSON
13 509 (7.91%) ASP.NET
14 506 (7.86%) jQuery
15 486 (7.55%) Spring Boot
16 479 (7.44%) Vue.js
17 467 (7.26%) .NET Framework
18 455 (7.07%) HTML5
19 447 (6.95%) .NET Core
20 390 (6.06%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 464 (7.21%) User Experience
2 399 (6.20%) Hedge funds
3 323 (5.02%) Enterprise Software
4 299 (4.65%) Equities
5 269 (4.18%) Mobile App
6 265 (4.12%) Greenfield Project
7 258 (4.01%) Fixed Income
8 252 (3.92%) Algorithms
9 233 (3.62%) Self-Motivation
10 231 (3.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 223 (3.47%) Derivative
12 201 (3.12%) Public Cloud
13 155 (2.41%) Pricing Data
14 147 (2.28%) Cloud Native
14 147 (2.28%) Data Structures
15 100 (1.55%) Blog
16 95 (1.48%) NHS
17 93 (1.45%) Client/Server
18 88 (1.37%) Life Science
19 87 (1.35%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 726 (11.28%) Linux
2 495 (7.69%) Windows
3 289 (4.49%) Android
4 262 (4.07%) Apple iOS
5 250 (3.89%) Unix
6 143 (2.22%) Windows Server
7 41 (0.64%) Ubuntu
8 37 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
9 35 (0.54%) CentOS
10 28 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 26 (0.40%) Mesosphere
11 26 (0.40%) VMS
12 22 (0.34%) Mac OS
13 21 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
14 18 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
15 16 (0.25%) Solaris
15 16 (0.25%) Windows 10
16 13 (0.20%) Fedora
17 10 (0.16%) CoreOS
18 5 (0.078%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,481 (54.09%) Agile Software Development
2 2,151 (33.43%) Software Engineering
3 1,558 (24.21%) Microservices
4 1,422 (22.10%) Full Stack Development
5 1,406 (21.85%) DevOps
6 1,204 (18.71%) TDD
7 1,045 (16.24%) Scrum
8 950 (14.76%) Test Automation
9 884 (13.74%) Asset Management
10 747 (11.61%) MVC
11 746 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
12 744 (11.56%) OO
13 738 (11.47%) Computer Science
14 697 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
15 594 (9.23%) Mentoring
16 576 (8.95%) Investment Management
17 519 (8.07%) SDLC
18 505 (7.85%) Analytics
19 502 (7.80%) BDD
20 476 (7.40%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 2,764 (42.95%) JavaScript
2 2,161 (33.58%) Java
3 1,835 (28.52%) SQL
4 1,554 (24.15%) Python
5 1,483 (23.05%) C#
6 1,081 (16.80%) TypeScript
7 518 (8.05%) PHP
8 289 (4.49%) Scala
9 243 (3.78%) Java 8
10 237 (3.68%) T-SQL
11 206 (3.20%) Go
12 201 (3.12%) PowerShell
13 195 (3.03%) Kotlin
14 168 (2.61%) C++
15 167 (2.60%) Bash Shell
16 141 (2.19%) ES6
17 130 (2.02%) Clojure
18 108 (1.68%) Ruby
19 85 (1.32%) C
20 76 (1.18%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 911 (14.16%) Degree
2 355 (5.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 240 (3.73%) Security Cleared
4 198 (3.08%) SC Cleared
5 92 (1.43%) AWS Certification
6 52 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
7 50 (0.78%) Master's Degree
8 43 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
9 29 (0.45%) ISTQB
9 29 (0.45%) Oracle Certification
10 28 (0.44%) OCP
11 26 (0.40%) DBS Check
12 19 (0.30%) GIAC
13 16 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 16 (0.25%) PhD
14 14 (0.22%) CISSP
14 14 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 14 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
15 13 (0.20%) DV Cleared
15 13 (0.20%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 597 (9.28%) QA
2 103 (1.60%) Accessibility
3 70 (1.09%) SLA
4 50 (0.78%) Data Quality
5 37 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 28 (0.44%) GDPR
7 22 (0.34%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.20%) GRC
9 12 (0.19%) IEC 62304
9 12 (0.19%) ISO 13485
9 12 (0.19%) ISO 9001
10 11 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.14%) HL7
11 9 (0.14%) NIST
12 8 (0.12%) ISAE 3402
12 8 (0.12%) ISO 31000
12 8 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 6 (0.093%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 5 (0.078%) Def Stans
14 5 (0.078%) MISRA
System Software
1 1,406 (21.85%) Docker
2 227 (3.53%) Active Directory
3 112 (1.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 76 (1.18%) VMware ESXi
5 29 (0.45%) HDFS
6 24 (0.37%) Postfix
7 19 (0.30%) Hyper-V
8 13 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
8 13 (0.20%) vSphere
9 12 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.17%) etcd
11 8 (0.12%) ISA Server
12 6 (0.093%) NDS
12 6 (0.093%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 5 (0.078%) Ceph
13 5 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
14 4 (0.062%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 4 (0.062%) Snort
14 4 (0.062%) Squid
15 3 (0.047%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,194 (18.55%) Kubernetes
2 753 (11.70%) Terraform
3 408 (6.34%) Ansible
4 207 (3.22%) Prometheus
5 173 (2.69%) Grafana
6 163 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
7 119 (1.85%) Puppet
8 64 (0.99%) Istio
9 51 (0.79%) Kibana
10 45 (0.70%) Microsoft Clustering
11 39 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
12 38 (0.59%) Consul
13 25 (0.39%) Automic
13 25 (0.39%) logstash
14 21 (0.33%) Kubeflow
14 21 (0.33%) Microsoft Intune
15 18 (0.28%) Nessus
15 18 (0.28%) SCOM
16 17 (0.26%) AirWatch
16 17 (0.26%) Jamf Pro
Vendors
1 933 (14.50%) Microsoft
2 574 (8.92%) Google
3 408 (6.34%) Oracle
4 195 (3.03%) SAP
4 195 (3.03%) VMware
5 162 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
6 99 (1.54%) ServiceNow
7 87 (1.35%) IBM
7 87 (1.35%) MuleSoft
7 87 (1.35%) Splunk
8 82 (1.27%) Xamarin
9 81 (1.26%) Apple
10 80 (1.24%) Atlassian
11 68 (1.06%) Okta
12 54 (0.84%) Cisco
13 45 (0.70%) Zend
14 44 (0.68%) Adobe
15 41 (0.64%) Citrix
15 41 (0.64%) Sage
16 33 (0.51%) Cognizant