Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 45 41 41
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 -8
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 6,947 9,090 10,508
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.23% 5.66% 5.87%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.62% 14.29% 14.66%
Number of salaries quoted 5,714 7,299 8,549
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £82,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,016 63,591 71,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.38% 39.60% 40.04%
Number of salaries quoted 42,119 52,401 59,702
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 6,489 £60,000 +9.09% 1,167
UK excluding London -12 3,817 £47,500 - 789
London 0 2,974 £77,500 +19.23% 447
South East -8 1,306 £50,000 +5.26% 190
North of England 0 866 £47,500 +5.56% 222
North West -1 527 £50,000 +5.26% 122
Midlands -15 525 £45,000 -1.10% 118
South West -12 481 £45,000 - 88
East of England -17 321 £52,500 +5.00% 101
West Midlands -12 298 £44,000 -2.22% 79
Yorkshire -8 281 £47,500 +5.56% 69
East Midlands -13 226 £45,000 -5.26% 39
Scotland -2 220 £43,500 -5.95% 47
Wales -29 76 £42,500 -10.53% 22
North East +7 58 £40,000 -15.79% 31
Northern Ireland +12 37 £55,000 +69.23% 3
Channel Islands - 1 £60,000 -

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 3,863 (55.61%) Agile Software Development
2 2,918 (42.00%) JavaScript
3 2,743 (39.48%) AWS
4 2,635 (37.93%) Java
5 2,619 (37.70%) C#
6 2,299 (33.09%) .NET
7 2,211 (31.83%) SQL
8 1,834 (26.40%) HTML
9 1,784 (25.68%) Finance
10 1,716 (24.70%) SQL Server
11 1,689 (24.31%) CSS
12 1,546 (22.25%) Software Engineering
13 1,485 (21.38%) Azure
14 1,467 (21.12%) Python
15 1,429 (20.57%) REST
16 1,349 (19.42%) MVC
17 1,342 (19.32%) DevOps
18 1,262 (18.17%) Scrum
19 1,228 (17.68%) TDD
20 1,194 (17.19%) Microsoft
21 1,191 (17.14%) ASP.NET
22 1,150 (16.55%) RESTful
23 1,107 (15.93%) Microservices
24 1,090 (15.69%) AngularJS
25 1,078 (15.52%) SOAP
26 1,057 (15.22%) Git (software)
27 943 (13.57%) XML
28 913 (13.14%) Linux
29 904 (13.01%) Test Automation
30 902 (12.98%) Docker

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 226 (3.25%) IIS
2 191 (2.75%) CMS
3 177 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
4 165 (2.38%) Tomcat
5 157 (2.26%) Apache
6 143 (2.06%) SharePoint
7 142 (2.04%) Confluence
8 128 (1.84%) Apache Spark
9 104 (1.50%) WebSphere
10 101 (1.45%) JBoss
11 85 (1.22%) WebLogic
12 78 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 61 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
14 42 (0.60%) Umbraco
15 41 (0.59%) Oracle Service Bus
16 39 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 39 (0.56%) EPiServer
17 37 (0.53%) WordPress
18 36 (0.52%) MS Exchange
18 36 (0.52%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 87 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
2 41 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 24 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.27%) Photoshop
5 18 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 10 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
8 9 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
9 6 (0.086%) InfoPath
10 5 (0.072%) InDesign
11 4 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.043%) Sketch
13 2 (0.029%) Adobe Premiere
14 1 (0.014%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 72 (1.04%) FINCAD Analytics
2 67 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
3 53 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
4 51 (0.73%) Payment Gateway
4 51 (0.73%) PolarLake
5 42 (0.60%) Markit EDM
6 40 (0.58%) Eagle PACE
7 25 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
8 23 (0.33%) SAP ERP
9 22 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
10 18 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
11 17 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
12 14 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
13 13 (0.19%) Magento
14 9 (0.13%) NetSuite
14 9 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
15 8 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
16 7 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
16 7 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
16 7 (0.10%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 2,743 (39.48%) AWS
2 1,485 (21.38%) Azure
3 479 (6.90%) GCP
4 420 (6.05%) Serverless
5 374 (5.38%) Amazon S3
6 336 (4.84%) SaaS
7 321 (4.62%) AWS Lambda
8 291 (4.19%) Amazon EC2
9 197 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
10 193 (2.78%) Amazon SQS
11 188 (2.71%) PaaS
12 185 (2.66%) Amazon ECS
13 174 (2.50%) GitHub
14 163 (2.35%) IaaS
15 150 (2.16%) OpenShift
16 115 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
17 114 (1.64%) Office 365
18 109 (1.57%) Power Platform
19 101 (1.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 73 (1.05%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 180 (2.59%) HTTP
2 157 (2.26%) Internet
3 97 (1.40%) TCP/IP
4 94 (1.35%) DNS
5 86 (1.24%) Firewall
6 54 (0.78%) DHCP
7 50 (0.72%) SAN
8 47 (0.68%) Intranet
9 46 (0.66%) WAN
10 32 (0.46%) LAN
11 30 (0.43%) SSL
12 29 (0.42%) Network Security
13 26 (0.37%) VPN
14 25 (0.36%) AMQP
15 23 (0.33%) FTP
16 20 (0.29%) SMTP
17 19 (0.27%) Fibre Channel
17 19 (0.27%) HTTPS
17 19 (0.27%) X.509
18 16 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,716 (24.70%) SQL Server
2 589 (8.48%) MySQL
3 422 (6.07%) NoSQL
4 402 (5.79%) PostgreSQL
5 398 (5.73%) Relational Database
6 311 (4.48%) Amazon RDS
7 307 (4.42%) Big Data
8 273 (3.93%) MongoDB
9 258 (3.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 208 (2.99%) Amazon Athena
11 195 (2.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 185 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
12 185 (2.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 184 (2.65%) RDBMS
14 136 (1.96%) Amazon Aurora
15 132 (1.90%) SQL Server 2012
16 129 (1.86%) SQL Server 2008
17 127 (1.83%) Redis
18 113 (1.63%) SQL Server 2016
19 106 (1.53%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,057 (15.22%) Git (software)
2 707 (10.18%) Jenkins
3 472 (6.79%) JIRA
4 408 (5.87%) Visual Studio
5 382 (5.50%) Selenium
6 293 (4.22%) Team Foundation Server
7 264 (3.80%) Maven
8 239 (3.44%) JUnit
9 188 (2.71%) Subversion
10 185 (2.66%) NUnit
11 176 (2.53%) Cucumber
12 173 (2.49%) SoapUI
13 159 (2.29%) TeamCity
14 150 (2.16%) RStudio
15 132 (1.90%) Postman
16 131 (1.89%) Visual Studio Team System
17 117 (1.68%) Artifactory
17 117 (1.68%) SpecFlow
18 109 (1.57%) GitLab
19 107 (1.54%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,784 (25.68%) Finance
2 706 (10.16%) Front Office
3 481 (6.92%) Banking
4 332 (4.78%) Retail
5 222 (3.20%) Marketing
6 183 (2.63%) Public Sector
7 156 (2.25%) Manufacturing
8 124 (1.78%) Games
9 115 (1.66%) Back Office
10 106 (1.53%) Telecoms
11 95 (1.37%) Advertising
12 80 (1.15%) Legal
13 68 (0.98%) Law
14 66 (0.95%) Electronics
15 64 (0.92%) Investment Banking
16 46 (0.66%) Automotive
17 39 (0.56%) Multimedia
18 32 (0.46%) Aerospace
19 28 (0.40%) Billing
20 24 (0.35%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 3,976 (57.23%) Developer
2 960 (13.82%) Java Developer
3 941 (13.55%) Senior Developer
4 908 (13.07%) .NET Developer
5 769 (11.07%) C# Developer
6 666 (9.59%) Software Engineer
7 592 (8.52%) Software Developer
8 512 (7.37%) Architect
9 481 (6.92%) C# .NET Developer
10 323 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
11 321 (4.62%) AWS Engineer
12 319 (4.59%) Java Engineer
13 297 (4.28%) Python Developer
14 290 (4.17%) Analyst
15 272 (3.92%) Java Software Engineer
16 249 (3.58%) DevOps Engineer
17 243 (3.50%) AWS Developer
18 236 (3.40%) ASP.NET Developer
18 236 (3.40%) Lead Developer
19 231 (3.33%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,299 (33.09%) .NET
2 1,834 (26.40%) HTML
3 1,689 (24.31%) CSS
4 1,429 (20.57%) REST
5 1,191 (17.14%) ASP.NET
6 1,150 (16.55%) RESTful
7 1,090 (15.69%) AngularJS
8 1,078 (15.52%) SOAP
9 943 (13.57%) XML
10 900 (12.96%) jQuery
11 794 (11.43%) Spring
12 756 (10.88%) React
13 719 (10.35%) J2EE
14 700 (10.08%) .NET Framework
15 636 (9.16%) JSON
16 609 (8.77%) Node.js
17 590 (8.49%) ASP.NET MVC
18 506 (7.28%) HTML5
19 464 (6.68%) ASP.NET Web API
20 447 (6.43%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 623 (8.97%) Fixed Income
2 511 (7.36%) Derivative
3 483 (6.95%) Greenfield Project
4 433 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
4 433 (6.23%) Equities
5 355 (5.11%) Mobile App
6 332 (4.78%) User Experience
7 311 (4.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 281 (4.04%) Self-Motivation
9 254 (3.66%) Hedge funds
10 249 (3.58%) Enterprise Software
11 193 (2.78%) Public Cloud
12 144 (2.07%) Reference Data
13 127 (1.83%) Management Information System
14 125 (1.80%) Data Centre
15 108 (1.55%) Algorithms
16 103 (1.48%) Hybrid Cloud
17 92 (1.32%) Equity Derivative
18 84 (1.21%) Client/Server
19 72 (1.04%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 913 (13.14%) Linux
2 733 (10.55%) Windows
3 274 (3.94%) Android
4 230 (3.31%) Unix
5 206 (2.97%) Apple iOS
6 169 (2.43%) Windows Server
7 64 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
8 41 (0.59%) CentOS
9 38 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
10 34 (0.49%) Ubuntu
11 31 (0.45%) Debian
12 22 (0.32%) Mac OS
12 22 (0.32%) Windows 7
13 19 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 17 (0.24%) Windows 10
15 10 (0.14%) Windows Phone
16 9 (0.13%) Windows 8
17 8 (0.12%) Mac OS X
17 8 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
18 7 (0.10%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,863 (55.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1,546 (22.25%) Software Engineering
3 1,349 (19.42%) MVC
4 1,342 (19.32%) DevOps
5 1,262 (18.17%) Scrum
6 1,228 (17.68%) TDD
7 1,107 (15.93%) Microservices
8 904 (13.01%) Test Automation
9 864 (12.44%) Asset Management
10 814 (11.72%) Continuous Integration
11 798 (11.49%) OO
12 774 (11.14%) Mentoring
13 749 (10.78%) Web Development
14 683 (9.83%) Analytics
15 634 (9.13%) BDD
16 596 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
17 588 (8.46%) SDLC
18 527 (7.59%) Computer Science
19 413 (5.95%) Front End Development
20 411 (5.92%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,918 (42.00%) JavaScript
2 2,635 (37.93%) Java
3 2,619 (37.70%) C#
4 2,211 (31.83%) SQL
5 1,467 (21.12%) Python
6 474 (6.82%) C++
7 427 (6.15%) PHP
8 426 (6.13%) R
9 365 (5.25%) T-SQL
10 313 (4.51%) Java 8
11 281 (4.04%) PowerShell
12 267 (3.84%) VB.NET
13 245 (3.53%) TypeScript
14 180 (2.59%) Ruby
15 170 (2.45%) C
16 163 (2.35%) Scala
17 138 (1.99%) Bash Shell
18 136 (1.96%) PL/SQL
19 96 (1.38%) Go
20 88 (1.27%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 879 (12.65%) Degree
2 292 (4.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 158 (2.27%) Security Cleared
4 95 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
5 88 (1.27%) ISTQB
6 85 (1.22%) SC Cleared
7 59 (0.85%) ISEB
8 45 (0.65%) AWS Certification
9 39 (0.56%) MCSE
10 32 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
11 31 (0.45%) Master's Degree
12 21 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 21 (0.30%) MCP
12 21 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
12 21 (0.30%) PMI Certification
12 21 (0.30%) Postgraduate
13 20 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
13 20 (0.29%) CISSP
14 18 (0.26%) PhD
15 16 (0.23%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 507 (7.30%) QA
2 69 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 55 (0.79%) SLA
4 48 (0.69%) GDPR
5 36 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 34 (0.49%) PCI DSS
7 23 (0.33%) PMO
8 12 (0.17%) HMG Infosec
8 12 (0.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 12 (0.17%) JSP 440
9 8 (0.12%) ISO 31000
10 7 (0.10%) NIST
10 7 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.086%) Cyber Essentials
12 5 (0.072%) COBIT
12 5 (0.072%) PA-DSS
12 5 (0.072%) PSD2
13 4 (0.058%) NCSC
14 3 (0.043%) EMIR
14 3 (0.043%) MiFID
System Software
1 902 (12.98%) Docker
2 213 (3.07%) Active Directory
3 137 (1.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 129 (1.86%) Hyper-V
5 61 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 40 (0.58%) vSphere
7 35 (0.50%) XenApp
8 10 (0.14%) HDFS
8 10 (0.14%) NFS
8 10 (0.14%) Postfix
8 10 (0.14%) Terminal Services
8 10 (0.14%) Varnish
9 6 (0.086%) vCloud
9 6 (0.086%) VMware NSX
10 5 (0.072%) Firmware
11 4 (0.058%) IAG
11 4 (0.058%) KVM
11 4 (0.058%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 4 (0.058%) Xen
12 3 (0.043%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 600 (8.64%) Kubernetes
2 340 (4.89%) Terraform
3 302 (4.35%) Ansible
4 205 (2.95%) Puppet
5 181 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
6 58 (0.83%) Kibana
7 49 (0.71%) logstash
8 38 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
9 36 (0.52%) SCCM
10 29 (0.42%) Rancher
11 26 (0.37%) Packer
12 25 (0.36%) SCOM
13 24 (0.35%) Mesos
13 24 (0.35%) Salt
14 22 (0.32%) Prometheus
15 21 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
16 20 (0.29%) BMC PATROL
17 19 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
18 18 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
19 16 (0.23%) Marathon
Vendors
1 1,194 (17.19%) Microsoft
2 594 (8.55%) Oracle
3 486 (7.00%) Google
4 189 (2.72%) Bloomberg
5 186 (2.68%) SAP
6 180 (2.59%) VMware
7 158 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
8 106 (1.53%) WorldPay
9 104 (1.50%) Zend
10 96 (1.38%) HP
11 89 (1.28%) Adobe
12 80 (1.15%) IBM
13 77 (1.11%) Atlassian
13 77 (1.11%) Splunk
14 74 (1.07%) Informatica
14 74 (1.07%) ServiceNow
15 70 (1.01%) Sybase
16 68 (0.98%) Xamarin
17 66 (0.95%) Tableau
18 65 (0.94%) Reuters