Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 41 41 33
Rank change year-on-year 0 -8 +2
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 9,061 10,492 11,325
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.66% 5.88% 6.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.31% 14.66% 15.64%
Number of salaries quoted 7,266 8,539 9,734
UK median annual salary £54,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 63,325 71,585 72,403
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.55% 40.10% 39.16%
Number of salaries quoted 52,111 59,621 62,684
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 8,497 £55,000 +10.00% 1,295
UK excluding London -1 5,165 £47,500 +5.56% 940
London +12 3,711 £65,000 +8.33% 447
South East -3 1,684 £47,500 +5.56% 225
North of England -16 1,021 £45,000 - 251
Midlands +8 717 £46,500 +12.05% 151
South West -1 681 £45,000 +5.88% 105
East of England -1 681 £50,000 - 118
North West -20 585 £47,500 +5.56% 144
West Midlands +4 377 £45,000 +12.50% 101
Yorkshire -15 356 £45,000 -5.26% 85
East Midlands +7 339 £47,500 +11.76% 50
Scotland +1 276 £46,500 +3.33% 54
Wales +21 126 £49,039 +22.60% 31
North East -17 78 £47,500 +6.44% 22
Northern Ireland -18 28 £32,500 -16.67% 7

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 4,616 (50.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3,698 (40.81%) JavaScript
3 3,407 (37.60%) SQL
4 3,369 (37.18%) Java
5 3,256 (35.93%) C#
6 3,166 (34.94%) .NET
7 3,159 (34.86%) Amazon AWS
8 2,778 (30.66%) HTML
9 2,435 (26.87%) SQL Server
10 2,382 (26.29%) CSS
11 1,999 (22.06%) MVC
12 1,988 (21.94%) Finance
13 1,838 (20.28%) REST
14 1,778 (19.62%) Microsoft
15 1,757 (19.39%) TDD
16 1,685 (18.60%) RESTful
17 1,668 (18.41%) Microsoft Azure
18 1,660 (18.32%) SOAP
19 1,627 (17.96%) ASP.NET
20 1,618 (17.86%) Scrum
21 1,617 (17.85%) DevOps
22 1,578 (17.42%) AngularJS
23 1,544 (17.04%) XML
24 1,532 (16.91%) Software Engineering
25 1,495 (16.50%) Microservices
26 1,445 (15.95%) Git (software)
27 1,410 (15.56%) jQuery
28 1,409 (15.55%) Degree
29 1,407 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
30 1,395 (15.40%) Linux

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 468 (5.16%) IIS
2 420 (4.64%) Apache
3 284 (3.13%) Confluence
4 281 (3.10%) Tomcat
5 271 (2.99%) SharePoint
6 270 (2.98%) WebSphere
7 267 (2.95%) CMS
8 237 (2.62%) Apache Spark
9 225 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
10 207 (2.28%) JBoss
11 146 (1.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 111 (1.23%) BizTalk Server
12 111 (1.23%) nginx
13 91 (1.00%) WebLogic
14 78 (0.86%) Apache Solr
15 76 (0.84%) Drupal
16 64 (0.71%) OpenStack
17 63 (0.70%) Ethereum
18 58 (0.64%) Sitecore CMS
19 56 (0.62%) WordPress
Applications
1 118 (1.30%) Microsoft Office
2 109 (1.20%) Chatbot
3 61 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
4 33 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 33 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 22 (0.24%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.11%) Weka
7 8 (0.088%) SPSS
8 7 (0.077%) GIMP
8 7 (0.077%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.066%) Gliffy
9 6 (0.066%) InfoPath
9 6 (0.066%) Stata
10 5 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.044%) Fireworks
11 4 (0.044%) Maya
12 3 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.033%) InVision
13 1 (0.011%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.011%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 214 (2.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 73 (0.81%) Payment Gateway
3 44 (0.49%) Magento
4 27 (0.30%) Ripple
5 21 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 15 (0.17%) Scribe Insight
7 14 (0.15%) NetSuite
8 12 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
9 10 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
9 10 (0.11%) SAP Business One
10 9 (0.099%) Concordance
10 9 (0.099%) Eagle PACE
10 9 (0.099%) Relativity
10 9 (0.099%) thinkFolio
11 7 (0.077%) osCommerce
12 6 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
12 6 (0.066%) Oracle Applications
12 6 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
12 6 (0.066%) Oracle Retail
12 6 (0.066%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 3,159 (34.86%) Amazon AWS
2 1,668 (18.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 422 (4.66%) Google Cloud Platform
4 420 (4.64%) SaaS
5 301 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
6 261 (2.88%) Serverless
7 235 (2.59%) Amazon S3
8 211 (2.33%) AWS CloudFormation
9 203 (2.24%) GitHub
10 200 (2.21%) Cloud Computing
11 193 (2.13%) Office 365
12 167 (1.84%) PaaS
13 162 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
14 135 (1.49%) IaaS
15 121 (1.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 116 (1.28%) OpenShift
17 104 (1.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 84 (0.93%) Amazon EMR
19 76 (0.84%) Azure Active Directory
20 73 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 401 (4.43%) HTTP
2 244 (2.69%) Internet
3 174 (1.92%) DNS
4 171 (1.89%) Firewall
5 170 (1.88%) TCP/IP
6 81 (0.89%) VPN
7 78 (0.86%) Network Security
7 78 (0.86%) SAN
8 60 (0.66%) Intranet
9 59 (0.65%) WAN
10 58 (0.64%) DHCP
11 48 (0.53%) FTP
11 48 (0.53%) SSL
12 47 (0.52%) LAN
13 42 (0.46%) SSH
14 37 (0.41%) HTTPS
15 31 (0.34%) Wireshark
16 29 (0.32%) SMTP
17 27 (0.30%) VoIP
18 26 (0.29%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,435 (26.87%) SQL Server
2 885 (9.77%) MySQL
3 693 (7.65%) NoSQL
4 679 (7.49%) Relational Database
5 463 (5.11%) Big Data
6 444 (4.90%) MongoDB
7 391 (4.32%) PostgreSQL
8 365 (4.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 304 (3.36%) Data Warehouse
10 292 (3.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 275 (3.03%) Hadoop
12 248 (2.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 240 (2.65%) RDBMS
14 237 (2.62%) Apache Cassandra
15 233 (2.57%) Amazon RDS
16 199 (2.20%) Oracle Database
17 197 (2.17%) SQL Server 2012
18 152 (1.68%) SQL Server 2008
19 138 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
20 132 (1.46%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,445 (15.95%) Git (software)
2 945 (10.43%) Jenkins
3 786 (8.67%) JIRA
4 645 (7.12%) Visual Studio
5 612 (6.75%) Selenium
6 605 (6.68%) Maven
7 572 (6.31%) Team Foundation Server
8 447 (4.93%) JUnit
9 359 (3.96%) Subversion
10 342 (3.77%) Cucumber
11 278 (3.07%) SoapUI
12 253 (2.79%) NUnit
13 228 (2.52%) Eclipse
14 219 (2.42%) TeamCity
15 200 (2.21%) JMeter
16 184 (2.03%) Gradle
17 170 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 165 (1.82%) gulp
19 162 (1.79%) WebDriver
20 142 (1.57%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,988 (21.94%) Finance
2 539 (5.95%) Banking
3 478 (5.28%) Retail
4 322 (3.55%) Marketing
5 219 (2.42%) Games
6 215 (2.37%) Manufacturing
7 165 (1.82%) Telecoms
8 147 (1.62%) Advertising
9 143 (1.58%) Front Office
10 119 (1.31%) Law
11 115 (1.27%) Electronics
12 101 (1.11%) Investment Banking
13 90 (0.99%) Back Office
14 83 (0.92%) Legal
15 82 (0.90%) Financial Institution
16 76 (0.84%) Automotive
17 54 (0.60%) Publishing
18 47 (0.52%) Retail Finance
19 38 (0.42%) Billing
20 32 (0.35%) French Language
Job Titles
1 5,104 (56.33%) Developer
2 1,397 (15.42%) Java Developer
3 1,194 (13.18%) .NET Developer
4 1,125 (12.42%) Senior Developer
5 977 (10.78%) C# Developer
6 865 (9.55%) Architect
7 743 (8.20%) Software Developer
8 649 (7.16%) Software Engineer
9 637 (7.03%) C# .NET Developer
10 420 (4.64%) Senior Java Developer
11 393 (4.34%) Lead Developer
12 373 (4.12%) Analyst
13 367 (4.05%) DevOps Engineer
14 326 (3.60%) Web Developer
15 321 (3.54%) Solutions Architect
16 312 (3.44%) Java Engineer
17 285 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
18 280 (3.09%) Senior .NET Developer
19 254 (2.80%) ASP.NET Developer
19 254 (2.80%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,166 (34.94%) .NET
2 2,778 (30.66%) HTML
3 2,382 (26.29%) CSS
4 1,838 (20.28%) REST
5 1,685 (18.60%) RESTful
6 1,660 (18.32%) SOAP
7 1,627 (17.96%) ASP.NET
8 1,578 (17.42%) AngularJS
9 1,544 (17.04%) XML
10 1,410 (15.56%) jQuery
11 1,380 (15.23%) Spring
12 972 (10.73%) JSON
13 963 (10.63%) HTML5
14 862 (9.51%) ASP.NET Web API
15 849 (9.37%) React
16 811 (8.95%) .NET Framework
17 784 (8.65%) WCF
18 779 (8.60%) ASP.NET MVC
19 778 (8.59%) Node.js
20 574 (6.33%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 722 (7.97%) Analytical Skills
2 494 (5.45%) Fintech
3 479 (5.29%) User Experience
4 460 (5.08%) Greenfield Project
5 421 (4.65%) Mobile App
6 367 (4.05%) Self-Motivation
7 329 (3.63%) Enterprise Software
8 242 (2.67%) Algorithms
9 230 (2.54%) Public Cloud
10 196 (2.16%) Management Information System
11 170 (1.88%) Data Centre
12 153 (1.69%) N-Tier
13 124 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
14 110 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
15 108 (1.19%) Data Structures
16 104 (1.15%) Derivative
17 92 (1.02%) Hedge funds
18 91 (1.00%) Cloud Native
19 88 (0.97%) Fixed Income
19 88 (0.97%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,395 (15.40%) Linux
2 1,108 (12.23%) Windows
3 434 (4.79%) Unix
4 345 (3.81%) Windows Server
5 313 (3.45%) Android
6 287 (3.17%) Apple iOS
7 158 (1.74%) CentOS
8 138 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 135 (1.49%) Ubuntu
10 97 (1.07%) Windows Server 2012
11 72 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
12 55 (0.61%) Solaris
13 41 (0.45%) Windows 10
14 36 (0.40%) Debian
15 33 (0.36%) Windows 7
16 23 (0.25%) AIX
16 23 (0.25%) Mac OS
16 23 (0.25%) Windows 8
17 22 (0.24%) HPUX
18 16 (0.18%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,616 (50.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,999 (22.06%) MVC
3 1,757 (19.39%) TDD
4 1,618 (17.86%) Scrum
5 1,617 (17.85%) DevOps
6 1,532 (16.91%) Software Engineering
7 1,495 (16.50%) Microservices
8 1,407 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
9 1,324 (14.61%) Test Automation
10 1,158 (12.78%) OO
11 1,070 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
12 973 (10.74%) SOA
13 930 (10.26%) Web Development
14 858 (9.47%) Computer Science
15 812 (8.96%) SDLC
16 806 (8.90%) BDD
17 695 (7.67%) Mentoring
18 647 (7.14%) Unit Testing
19 573 (6.32%) Open Source
20 540 (5.96%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,698 (40.81%) JavaScript
2 3,407 (37.60%) SQL
3 3,369 (37.18%) Java
4 3,256 (35.93%) C#
5 1,238 (13.66%) Python
6 773 (8.53%) T-SQL
7 607 (6.70%) PHP
8 501 (5.53%) Java 8
9 456 (5.03%) C++
10 423 (4.67%) PowerShell
11 345 (3.81%) Bash Shell
12 317 (3.50%) PL/SQL
13 301 (3.32%) Ruby
14 293 (3.23%) VB.NET
15 269 (2.97%) Scala
16 232 (2.56%) TypeScript
17 205 (2.26%) Shell Script
18 196 (2.16%) Perl
19 191 (2.11%) Go
20 175 (1.93%) C
Qualifications
1 1,409 (15.55%) Degree
2 467 (5.15%) Computer Science Degree
3 223 (2.46%) Security Cleared
4 130 (1.43%) SC Cleared
5 114 (1.26%) Microsoft Certification
6 106 (1.17%) ISTQB
7 105 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
8 101 (1.11%) Master's Degree
9 91 (1.00%) ISEB
10 68 (0.75%) MCSE
11 61 (0.67%) AWS Certification
12 51 (0.56%) MCSA
13 46 (0.51%) PMI Certification
14 43 (0.47%) DV Cleared
15 35 (0.39%) CISSP
15 35 (0.39%) PhD
16 28 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 25 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 23 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
19 22 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 666 (7.35%) QA
2 129 (1.42%) GDPR
3 82 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 69 (0.76%) Data Quality
5 55 (0.61%) SLA
6 45 (0.50%) PCI DSS
7 44 (0.49%) ISO 9001
8 26 (0.29%) PMO
9 13 (0.14%) IFRS
10 12 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
10 12 (0.13%) ISO 14001
11 10 (0.11%) GAMP
11 10 (0.11%) MiFID
12 9 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 8 (0.088%) WCAG
14 7 (0.077%) COBIT
14 7 (0.077%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 7 (0.077%) HL7
14 7 (0.077%) IFRS 9
15 6 (0.066%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,093 (12.06%) Docker
2 375 (4.14%) Active Directory
3 217 (2.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 104 (1.15%) Hyper-V
5 82 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
6 49 (0.54%) vSphere
7 38 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
8 37 (0.41%) HDFS
9 36 (0.40%) XenApp
10 28 (0.31%) XenDesktop
11 24 (0.26%) Varnish
11 24 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
12 17 (0.19%) VirtualBox
13 15 (0.17%) NFS
14 13 (0.14%) Terminal Services
15 12 (0.13%) Apache Flume
15 12 (0.13%) VMware NSX
15 12 (0.13%) XenServer
16 11 (0.12%) etcd
17 10 (0.11%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 517 (5.71%) Kubernetes
2 472 (5.21%) Ansible
3 419 (4.62%) Puppet
4 354 (3.91%) Terraform
5 326 (3.60%) Opscode Chef
6 65 (0.72%) Packer
7 62 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
8 61 (0.67%) Nagios
9 51 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
10 50 (0.55%) Salt
10 50 (0.55%) SCCM
11 49 (0.54%) Prometheus
12 44 (0.49%) Kibana
13 40 (0.44%) ZABBIX
14 35 (0.39%) SCOM
15 29 (0.32%) Consul
16 24 (0.26%) logstash
17 22 (0.24%) Mesos
18 20 (0.22%) HP ALM
19 19 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 1,778 (19.62%) Microsoft
2 908 (10.02%) Oracle
3 548 (6.05%) Google
4 333 (3.68%) VMware
5 257 (2.84%) Red Hat
6 218 (2.41%) SAP
7 200 (2.21%) IBM
8 182 (2.01%) Salesforce.com
9 158 (1.74%) Splunk
10 144 (1.59%) Xamarin
11 115 (1.27%) ServiceNow
12 103 (1.14%) Informatica
13 102 (1.13%) Atlassian
14 85 (0.94%) Tableau
15 80 (0.88%) HP
16 75 (0.83%) Sitecore
17 74 (0.82%) Citrix
17 74 (0.82%) Nintex
18 73 (0.81%) MuleSoft
19 68 (0.75%) WorldPay