Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 44 41
Rank change year-on-year -15 -3 -3
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 3,386 6,379 8,391
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.49% 5.26% 5.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.83% 13.56% 14.05%
Number of salaries quoted 3,292 5,570 7,146
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £54,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +11.11% +8.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £118,750 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,255 47,051 59,715
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.46% 38.80% 39.72%
Number of salaries quoted 25,807 38,980 49,561
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 3,161 £65,000 +8.33% 648
London +3 1,692 £75,000 -6.25% 236
UK excluding London -37 1,539 £50,000 +5.26% 446
Work from Home -1 728 £65,000 +18.18% 161
South East -42 400 £50,000 +5.26% 95
North of England -40 360 £50,000 - 125
South West +2 320 £50,000 +11.11% 71
Midlands -20 231 £50,000 +1.29% 70
North West -38 196 £50,250 +0.50% 85
Yorkshire -22 132 £42,500 -15.00% 30
West Midlands -9 127 £50,000 +5.26% 40
East of England +2 122 £60,000 +9.09% 49
East Midlands -15 103 £50,000 - 29
Scotland -51 63 £42,500 -13.71% 25
North East -23 32 £45,000 +20.00% 10
Northern Ireland +12 27 £45,000 -16.28% 3
Wales -7 21 £45,000 +10.34% 8

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,752 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1,516 (44.77%) AWS
3 1,480 (43.71%) JavaScript
4 1,152 (34.02%) SQL
5 1,134 (33.49%) Azure
6 1,123 (33.17%) Java
7 1,039 (30.69%) .NET
8 988 (29.18%) Finance
9 919 (27.14%) DevOps
10 913 (26.96%) C#
11 892 (26.34%) Python
12 857 (25.31%) Software Engineering
13 798 (23.57%) React
14 748 (22.09%) AngularJS
15 735 (21.71%) Microservices
16 712 (21.03%) SQL Server
17 693 (20.47%) CSS
18 687 (20.29%) REST
19 670 (19.79%) HTML
20 579 (17.10%) Docker
21 567 (16.75%) Git (software)
22 536 (15.83%) TDD
23 531 (15.68%) Microsoft
24 505 (14.91%) RESTful
25 502 (14.83%) Serverless
26 485 (14.32%) MVC
27 481 (14.21%) Scrum
28 474 (14.00%) Test Automation
29 473 (13.97%) GCP
30 460 (13.59%) SOAP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (4.40%) Apache
2 117 (3.46%) CMS
2 117 (3.46%) SharePoint
3 115 (3.40%) Confluence
4 84 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
5 77 (2.27%) Tomcat
6 58 (1.71%) IIS
7 56 (1.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 49 (1.45%) Apache Spark
9 37 (1.09%) WebSphere
10 36 (1.06%) WordPress
11 33 (0.97%) nginx
12 31 (0.92%) Umbraco
13 27 (0.80%) BizTalk Server
13 27 (0.80%) EPiServer
13 27 (0.80%) JBoss
14 25 (0.74%) Mule
15 24 (0.71%) Sitecore CMS
16 21 (0.62%) Mule ESB
17 18 (0.53%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 46 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
3 10 (0.30%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.059%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.030%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.030%) ProjectWise
7 1 (0.030%) Revit
7 1 (0.030%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 97 (2.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.62%) Oracle ERP
3 19 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
4 17 (0.50%) Magento
5 15 (0.44%) Siebel CRM
6 14 (0.41%) nopCommerce
6 14 (0.41%) SAP CRM
6 14 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
7 12 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
7 12 (0.35%) R3 Corda
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
9 7 (0.21%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
10 6 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
10 6 (0.18%) Eagle PACE
10 6 (0.18%) Markit EDM
10 6 (0.18%) PeopleSoft HCM
10 6 (0.18%) PolarLake
10 6 (0.18%) Sprinklr
11 5 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,516 (44.77%) AWS
2 1,134 (33.49%) Azure
3 502 (14.83%) Serverless
4 473 (13.97%) GCP
5 253 (7.47%) SaaS
6 251 (7.41%) AWS Lambda
7 222 (6.56%) Amazon EC2
8 168 (4.96%) PaaS
9 138 (4.08%) Amazon S3
10 135 (3.99%) Amazon ECS
11 106 (3.13%) Azure Active Directory
12 100 (2.95%) GitHub
13 82 (2.42%) IaaS
14 78 (2.30%) Microsoft 365
15 71 (2.10%) Apigee
16 68 (2.01%) Power Platform
17 66 (1.95%) Azure Functions
18 60 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
19 58 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
20 46 (1.36%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 118 (3.48%) Firewall
2 93 (2.75%) HTTP
3 80 (2.36%) VPN
4 77 (2.27%) Internet
5 54 (1.59%) DNS
5 54 (1.59%) IPv4
6 49 (1.45%) VLAN
7 47 (1.39%) OSPF
8 42 (1.24%) TCP/IP
9 37 (1.09%) SSL
10 26 (0.77%) SAN
11 21 (0.62%) Intrusion Detection
12 19 (0.56%) FTP
12 19 (0.56%) Network Security
13 17 (0.50%) WAN
14 16 (0.47%) LAN
14 16 (0.47%) SMTP
15 14 (0.41%) DHCP
15 14 (0.41%) Skype
16 12 (0.35%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 712 (21.03%) SQL Server
2 407 (12.02%) MySQL
3 328 (9.69%) PostgreSQL
4 283 (8.36%) NoSQL
5 264 (7.80%) Relational Database
6 151 (4.46%) MongoDB
7 129 (3.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 115 (3.40%) Big Data
9 83 (2.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 82 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
11 75 (2.22%) Redis
12 73 (2.16%) Amazon Redshift
13 68 (2.01%) Hadoop
14 58 (1.71%) RDBMS
15 57 (1.68%) Power BI
15 57 (1.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 54 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
17 42 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
18 40 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
19 37 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 567 (16.75%) Git (software)
2 343 (10.13%) Jenkins
3 263 (7.77%) JIRA
4 155 (4.58%) Maven
5 150 (4.43%) Team Foundation Server
6 104 (3.07%) Selenium
7 103 (3.04%) JUnit
8 102 (3.01%) Visual Studio Team System
9 94 (2.78%) Visual Studio
10 84 (2.48%) GitLab
11 81 (2.39%) Subversion
12 66 (1.95%) Cucumber
13 62 (1.83%) Artifactory
14 54 (1.59%) Bitbucket
15 49 (1.45%) IntelliJ
16 44 (1.30%) TeamCity
17 43 (1.27%) Mockito
18 40 (1.18%) SonarQube
19 35 (1.03%) webpack
20 31 (0.92%) JMeter
General
1 988 (29.18%) Finance
2 273 (8.06%) Front Office
3 203 (6.00%) Banking
4 140 (4.13%) Marketing
5 129 (3.81%) Public Sector
6 101 (2.98%) Retail
7 73 (2.16%) Games
8 69 (2.04%) Telecoms
9 56 (1.65%) Back Office
10 49 (1.45%) Investment Banking
11 37 (1.09%) Publishing
12 35 (1.03%) Financial Institution
12 35 (1.03%) Law
13 33 (0.97%) Advertising
14 28 (0.83%) Manufacturing
15 27 (0.80%) Legal
16 25 (0.74%) Electronics
17 17 (0.50%) Local Government
18 14 (0.41%) Automotive
19 10 (0.30%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,112 (62.37%) Developer
2 523 (15.45%) Software Engineer
3 451 (13.32%) Senior Developer
4 392 (11.58%) .NET Developer
5 368 (10.87%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 334 (9.86%) Java Developer
7 310 (9.16%) C# Developer
8 245 (7.24%) Python Developer
9 236 (6.97%) AWS Engineer
10 197 (5.82%) Software Developer
11 188 (5.55%) Full Stack Developer
12 183 (5.40%) Architect
12 183 (5.40%) React Developer
13 179 (5.29%) C# .NET Developer
14 167 (4.93%) JavaScript Developer
15 164 (4.84%) PHP Developer
16 163 (4.81%) AWS Developer
16 163 (4.81%) Senior C# Developer
17 148 (4.37%) Lead Developer
18 144 (4.25%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,039 (30.69%) .NET
2 798 (23.57%) React
3 748 (22.09%) AngularJS
4 693 (20.47%) CSS
5 687 (20.29%) REST
6 670 (19.79%) HTML
7 505 (14.91%) RESTful
8 460 (13.59%) SOAP
9 402 (11.87%) .NET Core
10 386 (11.40%) Spring
11 374 (11.05%) jQuery
12 373 (11.02%) Vue.js
13 363 (10.72%) XML
14 340 (10.04%) ASP.NET
15 332 (9.81%) .NET Framework
16 327 (9.66%) Node.js
17 315 (9.30%) JSON
18 311 (9.18%) ASP.NET Web API
19 232 (6.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 227 (6.70%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 286 (8.45%) Hedge funds
2 275 (8.12%) Fixed Income
3 266 (7.86%) Derivative
4 233 (6.88%) Equities
5 230 (6.79%) Greenfield Project
6 220 (6.50%) Analytical Skills
7 195 (5.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 151 (4.46%) User Experience
9 135 (3.99%) Blog
10 103 (3.04%) N-Tier
11 91 (2.69%) Mobile App
12 88 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
12 88 (2.60%) Public Cloud
13 84 (2.48%) Algorithms
14 79 (2.33%) Data Structures
15 65 (1.92%) Cloud Native
16 58 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
17 56 (1.65%) Management Information System
18 47 (1.39%) NHS
19 40 (1.18%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 424 (12.52%) Linux
2 279 (8.24%) Windows
3 131 (3.87%) Windows Server
4 113 (3.34%) Unix
5 69 (2.04%) CentOS
6 66 (1.95%) Ubuntu
7 56 (1.65%) Android
8 51 (1.51%) Apple iOS
9 48 (1.42%) Windows Server 2016
10 29 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 24 (0.71%) Windows Server 2008
12 22 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
13 17 (0.50%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.32%) Debian
15 6 (0.18%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.12%) Kali Linux
16 4 (0.12%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.12%) VMS
17 3 (0.089%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.089%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,752 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
2 919 (27.14%) DevOps
3 857 (25.31%) Software Engineering
4 735 (21.71%) Microservices
5 536 (15.83%) TDD
6 485 (14.32%) MVC
7 481 (14.21%) Scrum
8 474 (14.00%) Test Automation
9 447 (13.20%) Asset Management
10 353 (10.43%) Continuous Integration
11 346 (10.22%) Problem-Solving
12 342 (10.10%) OO
13 315 (9.30%) SOA
14 291 (8.59%) Web Development
15 271 (8.00%) Migration
16 263 (7.77%) BDD
17 252 (7.44%) Investment Management
18 248 (7.32%) Analytics
18 248 (7.32%) Unit Testing
19 240 (7.09%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,480 (43.71%) JavaScript
2 1,152 (34.02%) SQL
3 1,123 (33.17%) Java
4 913 (26.96%) C#
5 892 (26.34%) Python
6 309 (9.13%) PHP
7 249 (7.35%) TypeScript
8 230 (6.79%) PowerShell
9 195 (5.76%) T-SQL
10 142 (4.19%) Bash Shell
11 120 (3.54%) Ruby
12 109 (3.22%) Kotlin
13 105 (3.10%) Java 8
14 82 (2.42%) Apex Code
14 82 (2.42%) C++
15 81 (2.39%) Scala
16 80 (2.36%) R
17 75 (2.22%) Go
18 63 (1.86%) C
19 61 (1.80%) ES6
Qualifications
1 308 (9.10%) Degree
2 137 (4.05%) Security Cleared
3 96 (2.84%) SC Cleared
4 83 (2.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.00%) AWS Certification
5 34 (1.00%) ISTQB
6 32 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
7 30 (0.89%) GIAC
7 30 (0.89%) Oracle Certification
8 23 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 21 (0.62%) RHCE
10 20 (0.59%) ISEB
11 19 (0.56%) Sun Certification
12 18 (0.53%) CISSP
13 16 (0.47%) PhD
14 15 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
14 15 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
15 13 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 12 (0.35%) CCNA
16 12 (0.35%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (4.55%) QA
2 40 (1.18%) GDPR
3 33 (0.97%) NIST
4 32 (0.95%) SLA
5 22 (0.65%) Data Quality
5 22 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.44%) WAI
7 13 (0.38%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.27%) HL7
9 8 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
10 4 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 3 (0.089%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.089%) NCSC
11 3 (0.089%) PMO
11 3 (0.089%) PSD2
11 3 (0.089%) WCAG
12 2 (0.059%) GLBA
12 2 (0.059%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 579 (17.10%) Docker
2 123 (3.63%) Active Directory
3 110 (3.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (1.74%) VMware ESXi
5 29 (0.86%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.44%) KVM
7 11 (0.32%) XenDesktop
8 9 (0.27%) HDFS
8 9 (0.27%) Postfix
8 9 (0.27%) vSphere
9 7 (0.21%) NDS
9 7 (0.21%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 4 (0.12%) Firmware
10 4 (0.12%) Varnish
10 4 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.12%) XenApp
11 3 (0.089%) Snort
11 3 (0.089%) Squid
12 2 (0.059%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.059%) Xen
Systems Management
1 397 (11.72%) Kubernetes
2 263 (7.77%) Terraform
3 227 (6.70%) Ansible
4 182 (5.38%) Puppet
5 162 (4.78%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (0.97%) Prometheus
7 22 (0.65%) Grafana
7 22 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
8 18 (0.53%) Kibana
9 15 (0.44%) CFEngine
9 15 (0.44%) Demisto
9 15 (0.44%) HAProxy
10 14 (0.41%) HP UCMDB
10 14 (0.41%) Microsoft Clustering
10 14 (0.41%) Nessus
10 14 (0.41%) SCCM
10 14 (0.41%) SCOM
11 12 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (0.32%) Failover Clustering
12 11 (0.32%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 531 (15.68%) Microsoft
2 328 (9.69%) Oracle
3 251 (7.41%) Google
4 144 (4.25%) Salesforce.com
5 133 (3.93%) VMware
6 86 (2.54%) ServiceNow
7 82 (2.42%) SAP
8 74 (2.19%) IBM
9 64 (1.89%) Nintex
10 50 (1.48%) Red Hat
11 43 (1.27%) Splunk
12 36 (1.06%) Cisco
13 35 (1.03%) HP
14 32 (0.95%) Adobe
15 30 (0.89%) Citrix
16 28 (0.83%) Sitecore
16 28 (0.83%) Sybase
17 27 (0.80%) MuleSoft
18 25 (0.74%) Bloomberg
19 24 (0.71%) hybris