The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 20 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
20 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
London / City of London
Rank 130 138 164
Rank change year-on-year
+8 +26
Contract jobs citing LESS 20 12 30
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 0.67% 0.38% 0.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.94% 1.22% 1.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 19 11 24
Median daily rate £425 £500 £381
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
-15.00% +31.14%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £349 £263 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £558 £550 £511
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £27.37
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1031 984 1566
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 34.80% 31.36% 30.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 869 835 1265
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.55% +5.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £345 £325 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 3
Median hourly rate - £55.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +100.94%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £38.75 £34.00
% change year-on-year
-3.22% +13.97%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the City of London region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the City of London region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 20 February 2017.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 20 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 50 (100.00%) HTML
1 50 (100.00%) CSS
2 45 (90.00%) JavaScript
2 45 (90.00%) Sass
3 39 (78.00%) HTML5
4 34 (68.00%) CSS3
5 28 (56.00%) React
6 26 (52.00%) Agile Software Development
7 22 (44.00%) gulp
8 21 (42.00%) AngularJS
9 20 (40.00%) Front End Development
10 19 (38.00%) Responsive Web Design
10 19 (38.00%) Grunt
11 18 (36.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 17 (34.00%) Node.js
12 17 (34.00%) Selenium
13 16 (32.00%) Backbone.js
14 15 (30.00%) Jasmine
14 15 (30.00%) TDD
14 15 (30.00%) Web Design
15 13 (26.00%) Pair Programming
15 13 (26.00%) MVC
16 12 (24.00%) webpack
16 12 (24.00%) User Experience
17 11 (22.00%) Ajax
17 11 (22.00%) Bower
17 11 (22.00%) Web Development
17 11 (22.00%) RESTful
18 10 (20.00%) BDD
18 10 (20.00%) Progressive Enhancement

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (2.00%) Apache
1 1 (2.00%) Confluence
1 1 (2.00%) GlassFish
1 1 (2.00%) JBoss
1 1 (2.00%) Tomcat
Applications
1 3 (6.00%) Photoshop
Communications & Networking
1 10 (20.00%) HTTP
2 9 (18.00%) DNS
2 9 (18.00%) SSL
3 1 (2.00%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3 (6.00%) SQL Server
1 3 (6.00%) SQL Server 2008
2 1 (2.00%) MongoDB
2 1 (2.00%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 22 (44.00%) gulp
2 19 (38.00%) Grunt
3 17 (34.00%) Selenium
4 15 (30.00%) Jasmine
5 12 (24.00%) webpack
6 11 (22.00%) Bower
7 10 (20.00%) Karma Test Runner
7 10 (20.00%) Maven
8 9 (18.00%) JSHint
8 9 (18.00%) Protractor
8 9 (18.00%) QUnit
9 8 (16.00%) Cucumber
9 8 (16.00%) WebDriver
10 7 (14.00%) Git (software)
11 3 (6.00%) Balsamiq Mockups
11 3 (6.00%) Mocha
11 3 (6.00%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (4.00%) Bitbucket
12 2 (4.00%) Yeoman
13 1 (2.00%) Jenkins
General
1 8 (16.00%) Finance
2 4 (8.00%) Retail
3 3 (6.00%) Banking
4 2 (4.00%) Marketing
5 1 (2.00%) Advertising
5 1 (2.00%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 45 (90.00%) Developer
2 24 (48.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 15 (30.00%) JavaScript Developer
4 12 (24.00%) Senior Developer
4 12 (24.00%) Senior JavaScript Developer
5 9 (18.00%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 9 (18.00%) Web Developer
6 7 (14.00%) HTML Developer
6 7 (14.00%) UI Developer
7 6 (12.00%) Web UI Developer
8 5 (10.00%) Angular Developer
9 4 (8.00%) HTML CSS Developer
9 4 (8.00%) JavaScript Engineer
10 2 (4.00%) .NET Developer
10 2 (4.00%) Business Developer
10 2 (4.00%) C# .NET Developer
10 2 (4.00%) C# Developer
10 2 (4.00%) Full Stack Developer
10 2 (4.00%) Java Developer
10 2 (4.00%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (100.00%) CSS
1 50 (100.00%) HTML
2 45 (90.00%) Sass
3 39 (78.00%) HTML5
4 34 (68.00%) CSS3
5 28 (56.00%) React
6 21 (42.00%) AngularJS
7 18 (36.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 17 (34.00%) Node.js
9 16 (32.00%) Backbone.js
10 11 (22.00%) Ajax
10 11 (22.00%) RESTful
11 10 (20.00%) REST
12 9 (18.00%) Compass CSS Framework
12 9 (18.00%) DOM
12 9 (18.00%) Ember.js
12 9 (18.00%) JSLint
12 9 (18.00%) JSON
13 8 (16.00%) jQuery
14 5 (10.00%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 12 (24.00%) User Experience
2 9 (18.00%) Graphic Design
3 5 (10.00%) Mobile App
4 3 (6.00%) Management Information System
4 3 (6.00%) Minimum Viable Product
5 2 (4.00%) NHS
6 1 (2.00%) Digital Media
6 1 (2.00%) Equities
6 1 (2.00%) Fixed Income
6 1 (2.00%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3 (6.00%) Windows
1 3 (6.00%) Windows Server
1 3 (6.00%) Windows Server 2008
1 3 (6.00%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 26 (52.00%) Agile Software Development
2 20 (40.00%) Front End Development
3 19 (38.00%) Responsive Web Design
4 15 (30.00%) TDD
4 15 (30.00%) Web Design
5 13 (26.00%) MVC
5 13 (26.00%) Pair Programming
6 11 (22.00%) Web Development
7 10 (20.00%) BDD
7 10 (20.00%) OO
7 10 (20.00%) Progressive Enhancement
8 5 (10.00%) E-Commerce
8 5 (10.00%) Wireframes
9 4 (8.00%) Software Engineering
9 4 (8.00%) Unit Testing
10 3 (6.00%) Analytics
10 3 (6.00%) Asset Management
10 3 (6.00%) Business Analysis
10 3 (6.00%) Scrum
10 3 (6.00%) Technical Architecture
Programming Languages
1 45 (90.00%) JavaScript
2 8 (16.00%) Java
3 6 (12.00%) ES6
4 5 (10.00%) C#
4 5 (10.00%) PHP
5 4 (8.00%) TypeScript
6 1 (2.00%) Bash Shell
6 1 (2.00%) Go
6 1 (2.00%) Python
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.00%) QA
1 1 (2.00%) WAI
Vendors
1 2 (4.00%) Microsoft
2 1 (2.00%) hybris