The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 29 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
29 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 508 532 552
Rank change year-on-year
+24 +20
Contract jobs citing COBOL 116 104 77
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.23% 0.20% 0.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.57% 0.51% 0.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 69 56 25
Median daily rate £350 £400 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
-12.50% -3.03%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £525 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £320 £350 £438
% change year-on-year
-8.50% -20.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 2
Median hourly rate £36.00 £26.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+35.84% -24.28%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £26.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+35.84% -24.28%
COBOL
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Programming Languages Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
20346 20282 19467
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 41.02% 38.44% 36.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 14108 13936 12768
Median daily rate £425 £415 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.40% +3.75%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £290 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 431 479 387
Median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+3.89% +10.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.66 £17.50 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.83 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £39.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+5.76% +11.42%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +15 27 £400 -13.97% 2
London -4 22 £480 +14.62%
West Midlands -19 18 £316 +8.79%
South East +15 14 £300 -25.00% 3
East of England +19 13 £253 +20.23% 1
East Midlands -2 8 £431 +32.69%
Yorkshire +15 6 £500 -
South West +3 2 £600 +71.42% 2
North East -32 1 - -
COBOL
UK

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 September 2016, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 90 (35.02%) Mainframe
2 77 (29.96%) Oracle
3 73 (28.40%) Java
4 72 (28.02%) Linux
5 62 (24.12%) SQL
6 59 (22.96%) C
7 57 (22.18%) Finance
8 56 (21.79%) DB2
9 48 (18.68%) Micro Focus
10 47 (18.29%) VME
11 45 (17.51%) Tuxedo
12 44 (17.12%) Unix
13 36 (14.01%) IBM
14 35 (13.62%) Shell Script
15 33 (12.84%) JCL
16 32 (12.45%) Agile Software Development
16 32 (12.45%) Banking
16 32 (12.45%) Oracle Database
17 30 (11.67%) Migration
18 27 (10.51%) Business Analysis
19 26 (10.12%) Project Management
20 25 (9.73%) Middleware
21 24 (9.34%) Clustering
22 23 (8.95%) CICS
22 23 (8.95%) Relational Database
23 22 (8.56%) ICL
24 20 (7.78%) Bash Shell
25 19 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
25 19 (7.39%) RDBMS
26 18 (7.00%) J2EE

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (17.51%) Tuxedo
2 23 (8.95%) CICS
3 8 (3.11%) JBoss
4 5 (1.95%) MQSeries
4 5 (1.95%) WebLogic
5 4 (1.56%) Apache ServiceMix
6 3 (1.17%) SharePoint
6 3 (1.17%) WebSphere
7 2 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
7 2 (0.78%) Skype for Business
7 2 (0.78%) TPMS
7 2 (0.78%) WebSphere Application Server
8 1 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 10 (3.89%) MS Office
2 9 (3.50%) MS Excel
3 3 (1.17%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.39%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (2.33%) BASE24
2 2 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.78%) Misys Midas
3 1 (0.39%) ENOVIA
3 1 (0.39%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 3 (1.17%) Microsoft Azure
1 3 (1.17%) Office 365
2 2 (0.78%) Yammer
3 1 (0.39%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (0.39%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.11%) WebEx
2 7 (2.72%) Internet
3 6 (2.33%) ATM
4 3 (1.17%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.78%) FTP
6 1 (0.39%) Firewall
6 1 (0.39%) HTTP
6 1 (0.39%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (21.79%) DB2
2 32 (12.45%) Oracle Database
3 23 (8.95%) Relational Database
4 19 (7.39%) RDBMS
5 6 (2.33%) Oracle Database 11g
6 5 (1.95%) IDMS
6 5 (1.95%) IMS/DB
6 5 (1.95%) MS Access
6 5 (1.95%) Oracle Database 12c
7 4 (1.56%) Essbase
8 3 (1.17%) BusinessObjects
8 3 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (1.17%) NonStop SQL
8 3 (1.17%) SQL Server
9 2 (0.78%) Data Mining
9 2 (0.78%) DataStage
9 2 (0.78%) NoSQL
10 1 (0.39%) PostgreSQL
10 1 (0.39%) PowerCenter
10 1 (0.39%) SAP Data Services
Development Applications
1 11 (4.28%) Eclipse
1 11 (4.28%) Visual Studio
2 7 (2.72%) Subversion
3 4 (1.56%) Dreamweaver
3 4 (1.56%) Toad
4 3 (1.17%) CA Gen
5 2 (0.78%) AppScan
6 1 (0.39%) ChangeMan
6 1 (0.39%) Fiddler
6 1 (0.39%) Firebug
6 1 (0.39%) HP UFT
6 1 (0.39%) JMeter
6 1 (0.39%) LoadRunner
6 1 (0.39%) The Grinder
General
1 57 (22.18%) Finance
2 32 (12.45%) Banking
3 14 (5.45%) Retail
4 5 (1.95%) Automotive
4 5 (1.95%) Corporate Banking
5 3 (1.17%) Investment Banking
5 3 (1.17%) Manufacturing
5 3 (1.17%) Marketing
5 3 (1.17%) Retail Banking
6 2 (0.78%) Back Office
7 1 (0.39%) Advertising
7 1 (0.39%) Dutch Language
7 1 (0.39%) French Language
7 1 (0.39%) Spanish Language
7 1 (0.39%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.39%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 120 (46.69%) Developer
2 60 (23.35%) Analyst
3 48 (18.68%) COBOL Developer
4 32 (12.45%) Architect
5 24 (9.34%) Business Analyst
5 24 (9.34%) Mainframe Developer
5 24 (9.34%) Programmer
6 17 (6.61%) COBOL Programmer
7 11 (4.28%) C Developer
7 11 (4.28%) Technical Analyst
8 10 (3.89%) Systems Analyst
9 9 (3.50%) COBOL Analyst
9 9 (3.50%) Solutions Architect
10 8 (3.11%) Middleware Developer
10 8 (3.11%) Senior Developer
10 8 (3.11%) Support Analyst
11 7 (2.72%) DB2 Developer
11 7 (2.72%) Designer
11 7 (2.72%) Senior Analyst
11 7 (2.72%) SQL Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (9.73%) Middleware
2 18 (7.00%) J2EE
3 16 (6.23%) .NET
4 15 (5.84%) HTML
5 10 (3.89%) XML
6 5 (1.95%) CSS
6 5 (1.95%) Spring
6 5 (1.95%) Web Services
7 3 (1.17%) ISPF
7 3 (1.17%) JSP
7 3 (1.17%) REST
8 2 (0.78%) .NET Framework
8 2 (0.78%) Java EE
8 2 (0.78%) JMS
9 1 (0.39%) COM
9 1 (0.39%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 90 (35.02%) Mainframe
2 24 (9.34%) Clustering
3 19 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (7.00%) IBM Mainframe
5 17 (6.61%) AS400
6 13 (5.06%) Enterprise Software
6 13 (5.06%) Tandem
7 10 (3.89%) Client/Server
8 9 (3.50%) VSAM
9 7 (2.72%) Management Information System
10 6 (2.33%) EMV
11 3 (1.17%) Computer Science
11 3 (1.17%) EFT
12 2 (0.78%) Data Integration
12 2 (0.78%) Equities
12 2 (0.78%) Fintech
12 2 (0.78%) Online Banking
12 2 (0.78%) Virtual Team
13 1 (0.39%) Data Extraction
13 1 (0.39%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 72 (28.02%) Linux
2 47 (18.29%) VME
3 44 (17.12%) Unix
4 13 (5.06%) Windows
4 13 (5.06%) zOS
5 8 (3.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (2.72%) AIX
6 7 (2.72%) MVS
7 3 (1.17%) Oracle Linux
7 3 (1.17%) SUSE
8 1 (0.39%) Stratus VOS
8 1 (0.39%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 32 (12.45%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (11.67%) Migration
3 27 (10.51%) Business Analysis
4 26 (10.12%) Project Management
5 18 (7.00%) SDLC
5 18 (7.00%) Waterfall
6 17 (6.61%) Data Modelling
7 14 (5.45%) Test Strategy
7 14 (5.45%) User Acceptance Testing
8 12 (4.67%) Re-Platforming
8 12 (4.67%) Time Management
9 11 (4.28%) Coaching
9 11 (4.28%) Process Improvement
10 10 (3.89%) Configuration Management
10 10 (3.89%) Test Scripting
10 10 (3.89%) Translating Business Requirements
10 10 (3.89%) Unit Testing
11 8 (3.11%) Change Control
11 8 (3.11%) ITIL
11 8 (3.11%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 73 (28.40%) Java
2 62 (24.12%) SQL
3 59 (22.96%) C
4 35 (13.62%) Shell Script
5 33 (12.84%) JCL
6 20 (7.78%) Bash Shell
7 17 (6.61%) C++
8 15 (5.84%) PL/SQL
9 10 (3.89%) JavaScript
9 10 (3.89%) Perl
10 9 (3.50%) VB
11 8 (3.11%) C#
12 5 (1.95%) Assembly Language
12 5 (1.95%) Smalltalk
12 5 (1.95%) VC++
13 4 (1.56%) REXX
14 3 (1.17%) LINC
15 2 (0.78%) ANSI C
15 2 (0.78%) RPG
15 2 (0.78%) Visual J++
Qualifications
1 14 (5.45%) Security Cleared
2 11 (4.28%) BPSS Clearance
3 10 (3.89%) SC Cleared
4 8 (3.11%) Degree
5 3 (1.17%) ISEB
5 3 (1.17%) ISTQB
5 3 (1.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.72%) QA
2 5 (1.95%) SEPA
3 1 (0.39%) COREP
3 1 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.39%) FINREP
System Software
1 11 (4.28%) Time Sharing Option
2 3 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.78%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 4 (1.56%) Control-M
2 2 (0.78%) CA Endevor
2 2 (0.78%) HP Fortify
2 2 (0.78%) Tivoli
2 2 (0.78%) Tivoli NetView
2 2 (0.78%) WebInspect
3 1 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.39%) ServiceCenter
Vendors
1 77 (29.96%) Oracle
2 48 (18.68%) Micro Focus
3 36 (14.01%) IBM
4 22 (8.56%) ICL
5 11 (4.28%) Fujitsu
5 11 (4.28%) Microsoft
6 9 (3.50%) SAP
7 8 (3.11%) Informatica
7 8 (3.11%) Unisys
7 8 (3.11%) webMethods
8 7 (2.72%) Red Hat
9 6 (2.33%) HP
9 6 (2.33%) Pega
10 5 (1.95%) Perforce
11 3 (1.17%) ATG
12 2 (0.78%) BEA
12 2 (0.78%) Fundtech
12 2 (0.78%) Infor
12 2 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
12 2 (0.78%) TOWER Software
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