The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 14 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
14 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 455 479 480
Rank change year-on-year
+24 +1
Contract jobs citing COBOL 136 103 85
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.29% 0.22% 0.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.74% 0.58% 0.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 85 55 51
Average daily rate £400 £350 £315
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% +11.11%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £269 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £501 £475 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £388 £350 £300
% change year-on-year
+10.71% +16.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 0
Average hourly rate £23.00 £39.50 -
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-41.77% -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £26.00 £39.50 -
% change year-on-year
-34.17% -
COBOL
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Programming Languages Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
18260 17682 16809
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 38.61% 37.98% 37.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 12522 11866 10677
Average daily rate £425 £400 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £575 £560
UK excluding London average daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 484 400 455
Average hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.00 £19.65 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.39 £44.50 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+11.11% +5.88%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing COBOL across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 14 February 2016.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 14 February 2016.

COBOL Hourly Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 3 months to 14 February 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +33 57 £400 -15.78% 3
South East +24 24 £450 +28.57% 2
North East -17 16 £325 -1.51% 1
East of England +2 13 £375 +11.11% 2
South West +4 7 £245 -30.00%
West Midlands -11 7 £381 -0.32% 2
London -27 6 £450 +28.57% 7
East Midlands -10 5 £300 +0.41% 2
Yorkshire -12 1 - - 4
COBOL
UK

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 14 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL.

1 112 (48.48%) Mainframe
2 84 (36.36%) DB2
3 76 (32.90%) IBM
4 72 (31.17%) CICS
5 65 (28.14%) Oracle
6 64 (27.71%) JCL
7 62 (26.84%) Java
8 61 (26.41%) Finance
9 53 (22.94%) SQL
10 52 (22.51%) Agile Software Development
11 48 (20.78%) Linux
12 46 (19.91%) Micro Focus
13 45 (19.48%) zOS
14 39 (16.88%) VME
15 38 (16.45%) Tuxedo
16 37 (16.02%) Migration
17 36 (15.58%) IBM Mainframe
18 33 (14.29%) REXX
19 30 (12.99%) Assembly Language
19 30 (12.99%) Banking
20 29 (12.55%) Unix
21 28 (12.12%) C++
22 27 (11.69%) CA
22 27 (11.69%) ISPF
23 26 (11.26%) Waterfall
23 26 (11.26%) Middleware
24 24 (10.39%) JavaScript
24 24 (10.39%) Windows
24 24 (10.39%) Security Cleared
25 22 (9.52%) WebSphere

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 14 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 72 (31.17%) CICS
2 38 (16.45%) Tuxedo
3 22 (9.52%) WebSphere
4 18 (7.79%) MQSeries
5 11 (4.76%) Apache
5 11 (4.76%) JBoss
6 7 (3.03%) IIS
7 6 (2.60%) WebLogic
8 5 (2.16%) StreamWeaver
8 5 (2.16%) TIBCO ActiveMatrix
8 5 (2.16%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.87%) SAS
9 2 (0.87%) TPMS
10 1 (0.43%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 6 (2.60%) MS Excel
2 1 (0.43%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (3.46%) assyst
2 6 (2.60%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (2.16%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 13 (5.63%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 12 (5.19%) FTP
2 10 (4.33%) ATM
3 8 (3.46%) SSL
4 6 (2.60%) HTTP
4 6 (2.60%) WinSCP
5 5 (2.16%) HTTPS
5 5 (2.16%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (0.43%) Internet
6 1 (0.43%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (36.36%) DB2
2 21 (9.09%) Easytrieve
2 21 (9.09%) SQL Server
3 14 (6.06%) PostgreSQL
4 12 (5.19%) Oracle Reports
4 12 (5.19%) Relational Database
5 10 (4.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 9 (3.90%) Oracle Database
7 8 (3.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 7 (3.03%) RDBMS
9 6 (2.60%) Business Intelligence Development Studio
9 6 (2.60%) MS Access
9 6 (2.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 5 (2.16%) DataStage
11 3 (1.30%) Adabas
11 3 (1.30%) BusinessObjects
12 2 (0.87%) IDMS
12 2 (0.87%) NonStop SQL
12 2 (0.87%) SAS Enterprise Guide
13 1 (0.43%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 18 (7.79%) Visual Studio
2 14 (6.06%) Eclipse
3 10 (4.33%) Subversion
4 6 (2.60%) ClearCase
5 4 (1.73%) CA Gen
5 4 (1.73%) Dreamweaver
6 3 (1.30%) StarTeam
7 1 (0.43%) Ant
7 1 (0.43%) Oracle Forms
7 1 (0.43%) ProC
7 1 (0.43%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.43%) VisualAge
General
1 61 (26.41%) Finance
2 30 (12.99%) Banking
3 21 (9.09%) Retail
4 13 (5.63%) Billing
5 7 (3.03%) Manufacturing
6 6 (2.60%) Spanish Language
7 5 (2.16%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.30%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.87%) Automotive
9 2 (0.87%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 79 (34.20%) Developer
2 42 (18.18%) COBOL Developer
3 41 (17.75%) Architect
4 26 (11.26%) Analyst
5 17 (7.36%) Mainframe Developer
6 14 (6.06%) Designer
7 12 (5.19%) DB2 Developer
7 12 (5.19%) Technical Architect
8 11 (4.76%) Programmer
8 11 (4.76%) Team Leader
9 10 (4.33%) COBOL Analyst
9 10 (4.33%) Technical Analyst
10 9 (3.90%) Support Analyst
10 9 (3.90%) Systems Designer
11 8 (3.46%) Applications Developer
11 8 (3.46%) Delivery Manager
11 8 (3.46%) Development Team Leader
11 8 (3.46%) Solutions Architect
11 8 (3.46%) Test Manager
12 7 (3.03%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (11.69%) ISPF
2 26 (11.26%) Middleware
3 19 (8.23%) J2EE
4 18 (7.79%) XML
5 16 (6.93%) Web Services
6 15 (6.49%) .NET
7 11 (4.76%) Hibernate
7 11 (4.76%) JMS
7 11 (4.76%) Struts
8 10 (4.33%) ASP.NET
9 6 (2.60%) EJB
9 6 (2.60%) HTML
9 6 (2.60%) JSP
9 6 (2.60%) Servlets
9 6 (2.60%) WSDL
9 6 (2.60%) XSD
10 5 (2.16%) Ajax
10 5 (2.16%) JAX-WS
10 5 (2.16%) jQuery
10 5 (2.16%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 112 (48.48%) Mainframe
2 36 (15.58%) IBM Mainframe
3 18 (7.79%) VSAM
4 15 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (6.49%) Private Cloud
5 12 (5.19%) AS400
6 7 (3.03%) Tandem
7 6 (2.60%) PMI
8 5 (2.16%) EMV
8 5 (2.16%) VAX
9 3 (1.30%) Clustering
10 2 (0.87%) Data Integration
10 2 (0.87%) Reference Data
10 2 (0.87%) Wiki
11 1 (0.43%) Client/Server
11 1 (0.43%) Computer Science
11 1 (0.43%) Data Centre
11 1 (0.43%) Management Information System
11 1 (0.43%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 48 (20.78%) Linux
2 45 (19.48%) zOS
3 39 (16.88%) VME
4 29 (12.55%) Unix
5 24 (10.39%) Windows
6 18 (7.79%) Windows Server
7 16 (6.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (6.49%) MVS
9 13 (5.63%) Windows Server 2003
10 5 (2.16%) VMS
10 5 (2.16%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (1.73%) AIX
11 4 (1.73%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 52 (22.51%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (16.02%) Migration
3 26 (11.26%) Waterfall
4 19 (8.23%) Continuous Integration
4 19 (8.23%) Problem Management
4 19 (8.23%) Project Management
4 19 (8.23%) SOA
5 17 (7.36%) Configuration Management
6 15 (6.49%) DevOps
6 15 (6.49%) Re-Platforming
7 14 (6.06%) ITIL
8 13 (5.63%) Defect Management
8 13 (5.63%) Service Management
9 12 (5.19%) Technical Architecture
10 11 (4.76%) Mentoring
10 11 (4.76%) Risk Management
10 11 (4.76%) SDLC
10 11 (4.76%) User Acceptance Testing
11 10 (4.33%) Translating Business Requirements
12 9 (3.90%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 64 (27.71%) JCL
2 62 (26.84%) Java
3 53 (22.94%) SQL
4 33 (14.29%) REXX
5 30 (12.99%) Assembly Language
6 28 (12.12%) C++
7 24 (10.39%) JavaScript
8 19 (8.23%) C#
9 18 (7.79%) CLIST
10 14 (6.06%) C
11 12 (5.19%) VBA
12 10 (4.33%) Perl
13 9 (3.90%) PL/SQL
14 7 (3.03%) Shell Script
15 6 (2.60%) VB
16 5 (2.16%) DCL
17 4 (1.73%) PL/1
17 4 (1.73%) VB.NET
17 4 (1.73%) VB6
18 3 (1.30%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 24 (10.39%) Security Cleared
2 13 (5.63%) BPSS Clearance
2 13 (5.63%) SC Cleared
3 6 (2.60%) CESG Certified Professional
3 6 (2.60%) PMI Certification
4 5 (2.16%) Degree
5 4 (1.73%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.46%) QA
2 5 (2.16%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (1.30%) Data Quality
3 3 (1.30%) TickIT
4 1 (0.43%) SEPA
System Software
1 12 (5.19%) Time Sharing Option
2 11 (4.76%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 9 (3.90%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.87%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 2 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.43%) ACF2
5 1 (0.43%) ClearTrust
5 1 (0.43%) RACF
Systems Management
1 9 (3.90%) Tivoli NetView
2 4 (1.73%) Control-M
3 2 (0.87%) OMEGAMON
3 2 (0.87%) Tivoli
4 1 (0.43%) CA Endevor
4 1 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 76 (32.90%) IBM
2 65 (28.14%) Oracle
3 46 (19.91%) Micro Focus
4 27 (11.69%) CA
5 18 (7.79%) Red Hat
6 14 (6.06%) VMware
7 12 (5.19%) Microsoft
8 10 (4.33%) Fujitsu
9 9 (3.90%) HP
10 6 (2.60%) Chordiant
10 6 (2.60%) TIBCO
11 5 (2.16%) Cognos
12 4 (1.73%) ICL
12 4 (1.73%) ServiceNow
12 4 (1.73%) Sun
13 2 (0.87%) ATG
13 2 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
14 1 (0.43%) Ab Initio
14 1 (0.43%) Remedy
14 1 (0.43%) TOWER Software
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