The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 27 July 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Jul 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 481 455 514
Rank change year-on-year
-26 +59
Contract jobs citing COBOL 148 160 77
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.30% 0.31% 0.16%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.75% 0.81% 0.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 81 105 37
Median daily rate £420 £388 £364
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.38% +6.52%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £255 £150 £253
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £483 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £375 £305
% change year-on-year
+10.66% +22.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 3
Median hourly rate £32.00 - £30.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £25.00 - £28.80
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £36.00 - £34.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 - £30.00
COBOL
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Programming Languages Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
19852 19809 18154
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 39.79% 38.32% 37.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 13728 13553 11836
Median daily rate £425 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +1.26%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 429 399 376
Median hourly rate £38.50 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.66% +7.14%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.67 £19.00 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £52.17 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-0.66% +7.85%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +35 76 £430 +10.68% 2
London -16 23 £450 +5.88%
East of England +36 17 £255 - 2
South East -7 8 £325 -18.75% 3
Yorkshire -4 5 £313 -16.66% 2
North East -60 5 £305 -25.60%
South West +6 4 - - 3
West Midlands -57 4 £475 +216.66%
East Midlands -5 2 £325 +11.11% 2
COBOL
UK

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 July 2016, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 100 (32.05%) Linux
2 93 (29.81%) Oracle
3 92 (29.49%) Mainframe
4 90 (28.85%) Java
5 83 (26.60%) Micro Focus
6 82 (26.28%) DB2
7 77 (24.68%) Tuxedo
8 76 (24.36%) C
9 67 (21.47%) Finance
10 64 (20.51%) VME
11 53 (16.99%) SQL
12 46 (14.74%) IBM
13 45 (14.42%) CICS
14 43 (13.78%) Oracle Database
15 42 (13.46%) Shell Script
15 42 (13.46%) Banking
16 39 (12.50%) Middleware
17 36 (11.54%) Unix
17 36 (11.54%) Clustering
18 35 (11.22%) Migration
18 35 (11.22%) Agile Software Development
18 35 (11.22%) Bash Shell
19 34 (10.90%) JCL
20 32 (10.26%) Project Management
20 32 (10.26%) RDBMS
20 32 (10.26%) Relational Database
21 28 (8.97%) Security Cleared
22 25 (8.01%) IBM Mainframe
23 22 (7.05%) Subversion
23 22 (7.05%) Red Hat

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (24.68%) Tuxedo
2 45 (14.42%) CICS
3 17 (5.45%) WebSphere
4 16 (5.13%) JBoss
5 8 (2.56%) TPMS
5 8 (2.56%) WebLogic
6 6 (1.92%) MQSeries
7 4 (1.28%) Apache ServiceMix
7 4 (1.28%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
8 2 (0.64%) Skype for Business
8 2 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 8 (2.56%) MS Office
2 6 (1.92%) MS Excel
3 2 (0.64%) MS PowerPoint
3 2 (0.64%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.64%) BASE24
1 2 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.64%) Misys Midas
1 2 (0.64%) PeopleSoft HCM
1 2 (0.64%) PeopleSoft HRMS
2 1 (0.32%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.32%) ENOVIA
2 1 (0.32%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 4 (1.28%) GitHub
2 2 (0.64%) Microsoft Azure
2 2 (0.64%) Office 365
2 2 (0.64%) Yammer
3 1 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.92%) WebEx
2 3 (0.96%) ATM
3 2 (0.64%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.32%) FTP
4 1 (0.32%) HTTP
4 1 (0.32%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.32%) Internet
4 1 (0.32%) SSH
4 1 (0.32%) SSL
4 1 (0.32%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 82 (26.28%) DB2
2 43 (13.78%) Oracle Database
3 32 (10.26%) RDBMS
3 32 (10.26%) Relational Database
4 6 (1.92%) Oracle Database 11g
5 5 (1.60%) Oracle Database 12c
5 5 (1.60%) Oracle Reports
6 4 (1.28%) Oracle ODI
6 4 (1.28%) SQL Server
7 3 (0.96%) Essbase
7 3 (0.96%) IMS/DB
7 3 (0.96%) MS Access
7 3 (0.96%) NonStop SQL
8 2 (0.64%) Crystal Reports
8 2 (0.64%) Data Mining
8 2 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (0.64%) Hadoop
8 2 (0.64%) Oracle BI Publisher
9 1 (0.32%) Apache Hive
9 1 (0.32%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 22 (7.05%) Subversion
2 18 (5.77%) Eclipse
2 18 (5.77%) Visual Studio
3 8 (2.56%) ClearCase
4 4 (1.28%) AppScan
4 4 (1.28%) Dreamweaver
5 3 (0.96%) CA Gen
6 2 (0.64%) Git (software)
6 2 (0.64%) Introscope
6 2 (0.64%) Jenkins
6 2 (0.64%) Maven
7 1 (0.32%) Ant
7 1 (0.32%) HP UFT
7 1 (0.32%) JIRA
7 1 (0.32%) Oracle Forms
7 1 (0.32%) ProC
7 1 (0.32%) StarTeam
7 1 (0.32%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.32%) Toad
7 1 (0.32%) VisualAge
General
1 67 (21.47%) Finance
2 42 (13.46%) Banking
3 19 (6.09%) Retail
4 6 (1.92%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.60%) Automotive
6 4 (1.28%) Corporate Banking
6 4 (1.28%) Spanish Language
7 3 (0.96%) Investment Banking
7 3 (0.96%) Retail Banking
8 2 (0.64%) Back Office
8 2 (0.64%) Marketing
9 1 (0.32%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.32%) French Language
9 1 (0.32%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.32%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 152 (48.72%) Developer
2 63 (20.19%) COBOL Developer
3 45 (14.42%) Analyst
4 38 (12.18%) Architect
5 25 (8.01%) Mainframe Developer
6 23 (7.37%) Programmer
7 16 (5.13%) Business Analyst
7 16 (5.13%) COBOL Programmer
8 15 (4.81%) DB2 Developer
9 12 (3.85%) Designer
10 11 (3.53%) COBOL Analyst
10 11 (3.53%) Middleware Developer
11 10 (3.21%) Senior Developer
12 8 (2.56%) C Developer
12 8 (2.56%) Oracle Developer
12 8 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
12 8 (2.56%) Solutions Designer
12 8 (2.56%) Systems Analyst
12 8 (2.56%) Technical Architect
13 7 (2.24%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (12.50%) Middleware
2 20 (6.41%) XML
3 19 (6.09%) .NET
4 17 (5.45%) J2EE
4 17 (5.45%) Web Services
5 10 (3.21%) JMS
6 8 (2.56%) EJB
6 8 (2.56%) Hibernate
6 8 (2.56%) JSP
6 8 (2.56%) Servlets
6 8 (2.56%) Struts
6 8 (2.56%) WSDL
6 8 (2.56%) XSD
7 6 (1.92%) HTML
8 4 (1.28%) CSS
8 4 (1.28%) CSS3
8 4 (1.28%) ISPF
8 4 (1.28%) PhoneGap
8 4 (1.28%) WebSphere MQ
9 3 (0.96%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 92 (29.49%) Mainframe
2 36 (11.54%) Clustering
3 25 (8.01%) IBM Mainframe
4 16 (5.13%) AS400
5 15 (4.81%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (4.17%) VSAM
7 11 (3.53%) Tandem
8 10 (3.21%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (2.56%) PMI
10 5 (1.60%) Mobile App
11 4 (1.28%) Client/Server
11 4 (1.28%) Computer Science
11 4 (1.28%) iPhone
11 4 (1.28%) Management Information System
12 3 (0.96%) EFT
13 2 (0.64%) EMV
13 2 (0.64%) Fintech
13 2 (0.64%) Mobile Banking
13 2 (0.64%) Private Cloud
13 2 (0.64%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 100 (32.05%) Linux
2 64 (20.51%) VME
3 36 (11.54%) Unix
4 21 (6.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (6.41%) zOS
6 16 (5.13%) AIX
7 10 (3.21%) Windows
8 4 (1.28%) Android
9 3 (0.96%) MVS
9 3 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (0.96%) SUSE
10 1 (0.32%) VMS
10 1 (0.32%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 35 (11.22%) Agile Software Development
1 35 (11.22%) Migration
2 32 (10.26%) Project Management
3 21 (6.73%) SDLC
4 20 (6.41%) Business Analysis
5 18 (5.77%) User Acceptance Testing
5 18 (5.77%) Waterfall
6 17 (5.45%) Re-Platforming
6 17 (5.45%) Unit Testing
7 12 (3.85%) Data Modelling
7 12 (3.85%) Software Engineering
8 11 (3.53%) Automated Testing
9 10 (3.21%) Configuration Management
9 10 (3.21%) ITIL
9 10 (3.21%) Test Scripting
10 9 (2.88%) PRINCE2
10 9 (2.88%) Service Management
10 9 (2.88%) Time Management
11 8 (2.56%) CMMI
11 8 (2.56%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 90 (28.85%) Java
2 76 (24.36%) C
3 53 (16.99%) SQL
4 42 (13.46%) Shell Script
5 35 (11.22%) Bash Shell
6 34 (10.90%) JCL
7 22 (7.05%) C++
8 14 (4.49%) JavaScript
9 13 (4.17%) Assembly Language
10 12 (3.85%) C#
11 5 (1.60%) PL/SQL
11 5 (1.60%) Smalltalk
12 3 (0.96%) LINC
12 3 (0.96%) REXX
12 3 (0.96%) VB
13 2 (0.64%) CLIST
13 2 (0.64%) Groovy
13 2 (0.64%) Perl
13 2 (0.64%) RPG
13 2 (0.64%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 28 (8.97%) Security Cleared
2 20 (6.41%) BPSS Clearance
3 14 (4.49%) SC Cleared
4 8 (2.56%) PMI Certification
5 5 (1.60%) Degree
5 5 (1.60%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.56%) QA
2 5 (1.60%) SEPA
3 2 (0.64%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.64%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.32%) COREP
4 1 (0.32%) FINREP
System Software
1 9 (2.88%) Time Sharing Option
2 4 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.64%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 1 (0.32%) Cygwin
4 1 (0.32%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 5 (1.60%) Control-M
2 4 (1.28%) HP Fortify
2 4 (1.28%) HP Quality Center
2 4 (1.28%) WebInspect
3 2 (0.64%) Ansible
3 2 (0.64%) CA Wily
3 2 (0.64%) Tivoli
3 2 (0.64%) Tivoli NetView
4 1 (0.32%) CA Endevor
Vendors
1 93 (29.81%) Oracle
2 83 (26.60%) Micro Focus
3 46 (14.74%) IBM
4 22 (7.05%) Red Hat
5 21 (6.73%) ICL
6 19 (6.09%) Fujitsu
7 10 (3.21%) SAP
8 8 (2.56%) Chordiant
8 8 (2.56%) Unisys
9 6 (1.92%) HP
10 5 (1.60%) CA
10 5 (1.60%) Sun
11 4 (1.28%) Apple
11 4 (1.28%) ATG
11 4 (1.28%) Google
11 4 (1.28%) Remedy
11 4 (1.28%) Sunopsis
11 4 (1.28%) Veracode
12 3 (0.96%) Perforce
12 3 (0.96%) Splunk
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