The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 26 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 474 460 513
Rank change year-on-year
-14 +53
Contract jobs citing COBOL 144 167 84
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.30% 0.33% 0.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.76% 0.86% 0.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 77 106 41
Median daily rate £375 £375 £315
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
- +19.04%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £240 £150 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £463 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £381 £370 £301
% change year-on-year
+3.04% +23.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 1 2
Median hourly rate £25.00 £45.00 £29.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-44.44% +53.84%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.90 £45.00 £28.65
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £30.75 £45.00 £29.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 - £29.25
COBOL
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Programming Languages Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
19051 19511 18474
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 39.12% 38.44% 37.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 13280 13275 12210
Median daily rate £425 £400 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +2.56%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 412 395 402
Median hourly rate £37.50 £37.23 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+0.73% +6.35%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.85 £19.16 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £51.30 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.00 £35.75
% change year-on-year
+1.35% +3.49%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016.

COBOL Hourly Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +24 67 £420 +12.00% 1
London +5 33 £388 -8.82% 1
East of England +23 10 £255 -33.76% 2
South East 0 10 £325 -16.12% 3
West Midlands -44 7 £475 +192.30%
North East -69 6 £305 -6.15% 1
South West - 6 £310 -
East Midlands +2 3 £356 +37.01%
Yorkshire -10 2 £245 -34.66%
COBOL
UK

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 26 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 99 (32.57%) Mainframe
2 96 (31.58%) Linux
3 92 (30.26%) Oracle
4 84 (27.63%) DB2
5 83 (27.30%) Java
6 78 (25.66%) Micro Focus
7 75 (24.67%) Tuxedo
7 75 (24.67%) Finance
8 66 (21.71%) VME
9 62 (20.39%) C
10 55 (18.09%) IBM
11 54 (17.76%) CICS
12 50 (16.45%) SQL
13 44 (14.47%) Banking
14 39 (12.83%) JCL
14 39 (12.83%) Agile Software Development
15 37 (12.17%) Middleware
15 37 (12.17%) Project Management
16 35 (11.51%) Migration
16 35 (11.51%) Oracle Database
17 34 (11.18%) Shell Script
18 33 (10.86%) Unix
19 30 (9.87%) IBM Mainframe
20 28 (9.21%) Bash Shell
20 28 (9.21%) Red Hat
21 27 (8.88%) zOS
21 27 (8.88%) RDBMS
21 27 (8.88%) C++
21 27 (8.88%) Clustering
21 27 (8.88%) Security Cleared

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (24.67%) Tuxedo
2 54 (17.76%) CICS
3 22 (7.24%) WebSphere
4 16 (5.26%) JBoss
5 9 (2.96%) MQSeries
6 8 (2.63%) WebLogic
7 7 (2.30%) TPMS
8 4 (1.32%) Apache ServiceMix
9 3 (0.99%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.99%) WebSphere Application Server
10 1 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.33%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 2 (0.66%) MS Excel
1 2 (0.66%) MS Office
1 2 (0.66%) MS PowerPoint
2 1 (0.33%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.32%) BASE24
2 2 (0.66%) assyst
2 2 (0.66%) Misys Midas
2 2 (0.66%) PeopleSoft HCM
2 2 (0.66%) PeopleSoft HRMS
3 1 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.33%) ENOVIA
Cloud Services
1 4 (1.32%) GitHub
2 1 (0.33%) Cloud Computing
2 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 1 (0.33%) Office 365
2 1 (0.33%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.96%) ATM
2 4 (1.32%) WebEx
3 2 (0.66%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.33%) FTP
4 1 (0.33%) HTTP
4 1 (0.33%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.33%) SNA
4 1 (0.33%) SSH
4 1 (0.33%) SSL
4 1 (0.33%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (27.63%) DB2
2 35 (11.51%) Oracle Database
3 27 (8.88%) RDBMS
3 27 (8.88%) Relational Database
4 12 (3.95%) Oracle Reports
5 6 (1.97%) Easytrieve
6 5 (1.64%) Oracle Database 11g
7 4 (1.32%) Oracle Database 12c
7 4 (1.32%) Oracle ODI
8 3 (0.99%) IMS/DB
8 3 (0.99%) NonStop SQL
8 3 (0.99%) SQL Server
9 2 (0.66%) Crystal Reports
9 2 (0.66%) Data Mining
9 2 (0.66%) Hadoop
9 2 (0.66%) IDMS
9 2 (0.66%) Oracle BI Publisher
10 1 (0.33%) Apache Hive
10 1 (0.33%) PostgreSQL
10 1 (0.33%) SAP Data Services
Development Applications
1 19 (6.25%) Subversion
2 15 (4.93%) Eclipse
2 15 (4.93%) Visual Studio
3 8 (2.63%) ClearCase
4 5 (1.64%) CA Gen
5 4 (1.32%) AppScan
5 4 (1.32%) Dreamweaver
6 2 (0.66%) Git (software)
6 2 (0.66%) Introscope
6 2 (0.66%) Jenkins
6 2 (0.66%) Maven
7 1 (0.33%) Ant
7 1 (0.33%) JIRA
7 1 (0.33%) Oracle Forms
7 1 (0.33%) ProC
7 1 (0.33%) StarTeam
7 1 (0.33%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.33%) Toad
7 1 (0.33%) VisualAge
General
1 75 (24.67%) Finance
2 44 (14.47%) Banking
3 16 (5.26%) Retail
4 7 (2.30%) Manufacturing
4 7 (2.30%) Spanish Language
5 5 (1.64%) Investment Banking
6 4 (1.32%) Automotive
7 1 (0.33%) Back Office
7 1 (0.33%) Marketing
7 1 (0.33%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.33%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 135 (44.41%) Developer
2 62 (20.39%) COBOL Developer
3 42 (13.82%) Architect
4 36 (11.84%) Analyst
5 23 (7.57%) Mainframe Developer
6 20 (6.58%) Programmer
7 17 (5.59%) DB2 Developer
8 13 (4.28%) COBOL Programmer
9 12 (3.95%) Business Analyst
10 11 (3.62%) Delivery Manager
10 11 (3.62%) Designer
11 10 (3.29%) COBOL Analyst
11 10 (3.29%) Solutions Architect
11 10 (3.29%) Technical Analyst
12 9 (2.96%) Middleware Developer
12 9 (2.96%) Test Manager
13 8 (2.63%) Consultant
13 8 (2.63%) Solutions Designer
13 8 (2.63%) Technical Architect
14 7 (2.30%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (12.17%) Middleware
2 19 (6.25%) .NET
2 19 (6.25%) XML
3 17 (5.59%) Web Services
4 16 (5.26%) J2EE
5 10 (3.29%) JMS
6 9 (2.96%) ISPF
7 8 (2.63%) EJB
7 8 (2.63%) Hibernate
7 8 (2.63%) JSP
7 8 (2.63%) Servlets
7 8 (2.63%) Struts
7 8 (2.63%) WSDL
7 8 (2.63%) XSD
8 5 (1.64%) HTML
9 4 (1.32%) CSS
9 4 (1.32%) CSS3
9 4 (1.32%) PhoneGap
9 4 (1.32%) WebSphere MQ
10 3 (0.99%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 99 (32.57%) Mainframe
2 30 (9.87%) IBM Mainframe
3 27 (8.88%) Clustering
4 17 (5.59%) AS400
5 14 (4.61%) VSAM
6 13 (4.28%) Tandem
7 12 (3.95%) Analytical Skills
8 8 (2.63%) PMI
9 6 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (1.32%) Computer Science
10 4 (1.32%) EMV
10 4 (1.32%) iPhone
10 4 (1.32%) Mobile App
11 3 (0.99%) EFT
12 2 (0.66%) Data Integration
12 2 (0.66%) Fintech
12 2 (0.66%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.66%) Mobile Banking
12 2 (0.66%) Private Cloud
12 2 (0.66%) VAX
Operating Systems
1 96 (31.58%) Linux
2 66 (21.71%) VME
3 33 (10.86%) Unix
4 27 (8.88%) zOS
5 26 (8.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (4.61%) AIX
7 12 (3.95%) Windows
8 5 (1.64%) MVS
9 4 (1.32%) Android
9 4 (1.32%) Windows Server
9 4 (1.32%) Windows Server 2003
10 3 (0.99%) Oracle Linux
10 3 (0.99%) SUSE
10 3 (0.99%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (12.83%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (12.17%) Project Management
3 35 (11.51%) Migration
4 22 (7.24%) Waterfall
5 17 (5.59%) Unit Testing
6 16 (5.26%) SDLC
7 15 (4.93%) Re-Platforming
7 15 (4.93%) User Acceptance Testing
8 14 (4.61%) Software Engineering
9 13 (4.28%) Automated Testing
9 13 (4.28%) Business Analysis
9 13 (4.28%) Risk Management
10 12 (3.95%) Test Scripting
11 11 (3.62%) Configuration Management
11 11 (3.62%) Data Modelling
12 10 (3.29%) ITIL
12 10 (3.29%) Service Management
13 9 (2.96%) Agile Project Management
13 9 (2.96%) Problem Management
14 8 (2.63%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 83 (27.30%) Java
2 62 (20.39%) C
3 50 (16.45%) SQL
4 39 (12.83%) JCL
5 34 (11.18%) Shell Script
6 28 (9.21%) Bash Shell
7 27 (8.88%) C++
8 16 (5.26%) Assembly Language
9 14 (4.61%) JavaScript
10 13 (4.28%) C#
11 7 (2.30%) REXX
12 5 (1.64%) CLIST
12 5 (1.64%) PL/SQL
13 4 (1.32%) PL/1
13 4 (1.32%) Smalltalk
13 4 (1.32%) VB.NET
14 2 (0.66%) DCL
14 2 (0.66%) PeopleCode
14 2 (0.66%) Perl
14 2 (0.66%) RPG
Qualifications
1 27 (8.88%) Security Cleared
2 22 (7.24%) BPSS Clearance
3 13 (4.28%) SC Cleared
4 8 (2.63%) PMI Certification
5 5 (1.64%) Degree
5 5 (1.64%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.33%) CESG Certified Professional
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.63%) QA
2 3 (0.99%) SEPA
3 2 (0.66%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.66%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.33%) COREP
4 1 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.33%) FINREP
System Software
1 7 (2.30%) Time Sharing Option
2 5 (1.64%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 4 (1.32%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.33%) ACF2
4 1 (0.33%) Cygwin
4 1 (0.33%) HDFS
4 1 (0.33%) RACF
4 1 (0.33%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 5 (1.64%) Control-M
2 4 (1.32%) HP Fortify
2 4 (1.32%) HP Quality Center
2 4 (1.32%) Tivoli NetView
2 4 (1.32%) WebInspect
3 3 (0.99%) Tivoli
4 2 (0.66%) Ansible
4 2 (0.66%) CA Wily
5 1 (0.33%) CA Endevor
5 1 (0.33%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 92 (30.26%) Oracle
2 78 (25.66%) Micro Focus
3 55 (18.09%) IBM
4 28 (9.21%) Red Hat
5 19 (6.25%) Fujitsu
6 17 (5.59%) ICL
7 11 (3.62%) CA
8 8 (2.63%) Chordiant
8 8 (2.63%) HP
9 7 (2.30%) SAP
10 5 (1.64%) ATG
10 5 (1.64%) Sun
10 5 (1.64%) Unisys
11 4 (1.32%) Apple
11 4 (1.32%) Google
11 4 (1.32%) Remedy
11 4 (1.32%) Sunopsis
11 4 (1.32%) Veracode
12 3 (0.99%) Microsoft
12 3 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
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