The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 27 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 487 469 527
Rank change year-on-year
-18 +58
Contract jobs citing COBOL 142 138 70
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.28% 0.28% 0.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.73% 0.74% 0.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 77 80 40
Median daily rate £350 £375 £305
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
-6.66% +22.95%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £240 £280 £238
10% offered a daily rate of more than £535 £450 £558
UK excluding London median daily rate £344 £375 £310
% change year-on-year
-8.33% +20.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 1 0
Median hourly rate £25.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-44.44% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 - -
COBOL
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Programming Languages Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
19404 18729 18026
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 38.76% 37.90% 37.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 13540 12617 12070
Median daily rate £425 £400 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +5.26%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £263
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £343
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +2.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 426 388 425
Median hourly rate £37.50 £37.00 £35.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.35% +4.96%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.50 £19.00 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.50 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £36.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year
+4.16% -

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 27 May 2016.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL across the England region.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in England

COBOL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL across the England region over the 3 months to 27 May 2016.

COBOL Hourly Rate Histogram in England

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 3 months to 27 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +13 53 £408 +8.73% 3
London +7 38 £375 -11.76% 4
South East -12 11 £325 - 3
South West 0 9 £275 -
East of England +11 7 £356 -3.71% 2
West Midlands -20 7 £475 +58.33%
North East -68 7 £290 -23.17% 1
Yorkshire +4 5 £350 -6.66%
East Midlands +9 4 £356 +37.01%
COBOL
UK

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 106 (36.30%) Mainframe
2 100 (34.25%) Linux
3 97 (33.22%) Oracle
4 93 (31.85%) Java
5 91 (31.16%) DB2
6 76 (26.03%) Micro Focus
6 76 (26.03%) Finance
7 72 (24.66%) Tuxedo
8 65 (22.26%) IBM
8 65 (22.26%) CICS
9 61 (20.89%) VME
10 50 (17.12%) JCL
11 48 (16.44%) Agile Software Development
11 48 (16.44%) Banking
12 43 (14.73%) SQL
12 43 (14.73%) C
13 41 (14.04%) Migration
13 41 (14.04%) IBM Mainframe
14 40 (13.70%) Middleware
15 33 (11.30%) C++
16 32 (10.96%) Unix
17 31 (10.62%) zOS
17 31 (10.62%) Oracle Database
18 27 (9.25%) Re-Platforming
18 27 (9.25%) Security Cleared
18 27 (9.25%) WebSphere
18 27 (9.25%) Project Management
19 25 (8.56%) Red Hat
20 23 (7.88%) Assembly Language
20 23 (7.88%) Shell Script

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (24.66%) Tuxedo
2 65 (22.26%) CICS
3 27 (9.25%) WebSphere
4 16 (5.48%) JBoss
5 10 (3.42%) MQSeries
6 8 (2.74%) WebLogic
7 7 (2.40%) TPMS
8 6 (2.05%) Apache
8 6 (2.05%) IIS
9 4 (1.37%) Apache ServiceMix
10 2 (0.68%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.34%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 7 (2.40%) MS Excel
2 1 (0.34%) MS Office
2 1 (0.34%) MS PowerPoint
2 1 (0.34%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.71%) assyst
1 5 (1.71%) BASE24
2 2 (0.68%) PeopleSoft HCM
2 2 (0.68%) PeopleSoft HRMS
3 1 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.34%) ENOVIA
3 1 (0.34%) Misys Midas
Cloud Services
1 13 (4.45%) Cloud Computing
2 4 (1.37%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.42%) ATM
2 7 (2.40%) SSL
3 6 (2.05%) FTP
3 6 (2.05%) WinSCP
4 1 (0.34%) HTTP
4 1 (0.34%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.34%) SNA
4 1 (0.34%) SSH
4 1 (0.34%) VPN
4 1 (0.34%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (31.16%) DB2
2 31 (10.62%) Oracle Database
3 19 (6.51%) RDBMS
3 19 (6.51%) Relational Database
4 14 (4.79%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (4.45%) Easytrieve
6 12 (4.11%) Oracle Reports
7 8 (2.74%) SQL Server
8 6 (2.05%) Business Intelligence Development Studio
8 6 (2.05%) MS Access
8 6 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 6 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 5 (1.71%) Oracle Database 11g
10 4 (1.37%) Oracle Database 12c
10 4 (1.37%) Oracle ODI
11 3 (1.03%) IMS/DB
12 2 (0.68%) Crystal Reports
12 2 (0.68%) Data Mining
12 2 (0.68%) IDMS
12 2 (0.68%) Oracle BI Publisher
Development Applications
1 22 (7.53%) Eclipse
1 22 (7.53%) Visual Studio
2 16 (5.48%) Subversion
3 8 (2.74%) ClearCase
3 8 (2.74%) Dreamweaver
4 5 (1.71%) CA Gen
5 4 (1.37%) AppScan
6 2 (0.68%) Git (software)
6 2 (0.68%) Introscope
6 2 (0.68%) Jenkins
6 2 (0.68%) Maven
7 1 (0.34%) Ant
7 1 (0.34%) JIRA
7 1 (0.34%) Oracle Forms
7 1 (0.34%) ProC
7 1 (0.34%) StarTeam
7 1 (0.34%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.34%) Toad
7 1 (0.34%) VisualAge
General
1 76 (26.03%) Finance
2 48 (16.44%) Banking
3 16 (5.48%) Retail
4 7 (2.40%) Spanish Language
5 6 (2.05%) Investment Banking
6 5 (1.71%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.37%) Automotive
8 2 (0.68%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.34%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 128 (43.84%) Developer
2 64 (21.92%) COBOL Developer
3 50 (17.12%) Architect
4 26 (8.90%) Mainframe Developer
5 25 (8.56%) Analyst
6 19 (6.51%) DB2 Developer
7 14 (4.79%) Programmer
8 13 (4.45%) Technical Architect
9 11 (3.77%) Applications Developer
9 11 (3.77%) Delivery Manager
9 11 (3.77%) Designer
10 10 (3.42%) Solutions Architect
11 9 (3.08%) Senior Developer
12 8 (2.74%) COBOL Programmer
12 8 (2.74%) Consultant
12 8 (2.74%) Solutions Designer
12 8 (2.74%) Test Manager
13 7 (2.40%) Administrator
13 7 (2.40%) Security Architect
13 7 (2.40%) Technical Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (13.70%) Middleware
2 22 (7.53%) XML
3 21 (7.19%) .NET
3 21 (7.19%) Web Services
4 19 (6.51%) ISPF
5 16 (5.48%) J2EE
6 10 (3.42%) JMS
7 8 (2.74%) EJB
7 8 (2.74%) Hibernate
7 8 (2.74%) JSP
7 8 (2.74%) Servlets
7 8 (2.74%) Struts
7 8 (2.74%) WSDL
7 8 (2.74%) XSD
8 6 (2.05%) ASP.NET
9 5 (1.71%) HTML
10 4 (1.37%) CSS
10 4 (1.37%) CSS3
10 4 (1.37%) PhoneGap
10 4 (1.37%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 106 (36.30%) Mainframe
2 41 (14.04%) IBM Mainframe
3 21 (7.19%) VSAM
4 17 (5.82%) Clustering
5 15 (5.14%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (5.14%) AS400
5 15 (5.14%) Private Cloud
6 10 (3.42%) Tandem
7 8 (2.74%) PMI
8 6 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (1.71%) EMV
10 4 (1.37%) iPhone
10 4 (1.37%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.03%) Data Integration
12 2 (0.68%) Computer Science
12 2 (0.68%) Fintech
12 2 (0.68%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.68%) Mobile Banking
12 2 (0.68%) Reference Data
12 2 (0.68%) VAX
Operating Systems
1 100 (34.25%) Linux
2 61 (20.89%) VME
3 32 (10.96%) Unix
4 31 (10.62%) zOS
5 23 (7.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (4.79%) MVS
7 12 (4.11%) AIX
8 11 (3.77%) Windows
9 7 (2.40%) SUSE
10 5 (1.71%) Windows Server
10 5 (1.71%) Windows Server 2003
11 4 (1.37%) Android
12 3 (1.03%) Oracle Linux
12 3 (1.03%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (16.44%) Agile Software Development
2 41 (14.04%) Migration
3 27 (9.25%) Project Management
3 27 (9.25%) Re-Platforming
4 22 (7.53%) Configuration Management
4 22 (7.53%) Waterfall
5 19 (6.51%) Continuous Integration
6 18 (6.16%) User Acceptance Testing
7 17 (5.82%) SOA
8 16 (5.48%) DevOps
9 14 (4.79%) Software Engineering
10 13 (4.45%) Automated Testing
10 13 (4.45%) Risk Management
10 13 (4.45%) Service Management
10 13 (4.45%) Unit Testing
11 12 (4.11%) Defect Management
11 12 (4.11%) ITIL
11 12 (4.11%) Problem Management
11 12 (4.11%) SDLC
12 10 (3.42%) Test Scripting
Programming Languages
1 93 (31.85%) Java
2 50 (17.12%) JCL
3 43 (14.73%) C
3 43 (14.73%) SQL
4 33 (11.30%) C++
5 23 (7.88%) Assembly Language
5 23 (7.88%) Shell Script
6 22 (7.53%) C#
7 20 (6.85%) Bash Shell
7 20 (6.85%) JavaScript
8 14 (4.79%) REXX
9 12 (4.11%) CLIST
10 8 (2.74%) Perl
11 7 (2.40%) VBA
12 5 (1.71%) PL/SQL
13 4 (1.37%) PL/1
13 4 (1.37%) Smalltalk
13 4 (1.37%) VB.NET
14 2 (0.68%) DCL
14 2 (0.68%) PeopleCode
Qualifications
1 27 (9.25%) Security Cleared
2 16 (5.48%) BPSS Clearance
3 12 (4.11%) SC Cleared
4 8 (2.74%) PMI Certification
5 6 (2.05%) CESG Certified Professional
6 5 (1.71%) Sun Certification
7 3 (1.03%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.71%) Disclosure Scotland
1 5 (1.71%) QA
2 2 (0.68%) Data Quality
2 2 (0.68%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.34%) COREP
3 1 (0.34%) FINREP
3 1 (0.34%) SEPA
System Software
1 10 (3.42%) Time Sharing Option
2 9 (3.08%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 7 (2.40%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.68%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 2 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.34%) ACF2
5 1 (0.34%) Cygwin
5 1 (0.34%) HDFS
5 1 (0.34%) RACF
Systems Management
1 7 (2.40%) Control-M
1 7 (2.40%) Tivoli NetView
2 4 (1.37%) HP Fortify
2 4 (1.37%) HP Quality Center
2 4 (1.37%) WebInspect
3 2 (0.68%) Ansible
3 2 (0.68%) CA Endevor
3 2 (0.68%) CA Wily
3 2 (0.68%) Tivoli
4 1 (0.34%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 97 (33.22%) Oracle
2 76 (26.03%) Micro Focus
3 65 (22.26%) IBM
4 25 (8.56%) Red Hat
5 18 (6.16%) CA
6 16 (5.48%) Fujitsu
7 14 (4.79%) ICL
7 14 (4.79%) VMware
8 8 (2.74%) Chordiant
8 8 (2.74%) Microsoft
9 7 (2.40%) HP
10 6 (2.05%) SAP
11 5 (1.71%) ATG
11 5 (1.71%) Sun
11 5 (1.71%) Unisys
12 4 (1.37%) Apple
12 4 (1.37%) Google
12 4 (1.37%) Sunopsis
12 4 (1.37%) Veracode
13 3 (1.03%) Splunk
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