The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 29 July 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
29 Jul 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
COBOL
Rank 443 513 471
Rank change year-on-year
+70 -42
Contract jobs citing COBOL 171 87 101
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.30% 0.16% 0.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.79% 0.43% 0.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 109 43 39
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£388 £364 £345
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.52% +5.43%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £150 £255 £320
10% offered a daily rate of more than £478 £625 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £375 £303 £325
% change year-on-year
+23.86% -6.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 3
Average hourly rate - £30.00 £45.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -33.33%
UK excluding London average hourly rate - £30.00 £14.00
% change year-on-year
- +114.28%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Programming Languages Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
21608 20250 19433
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 37.86% 37.03% 38.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 14529 12960 12023
Average daily rate £400 £388 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.22% -3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £265 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £575
UK excluding London average daily rate £355 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+1.42% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 442 410 571
Average hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+7.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.00 £15.00 £16.83
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.17 £55.60 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 29 July 2015.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 29 July 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +70 163 £388 +6.66% 22
London +28 41 £425 +3.03% 4
North West +6 35 £394 +43.36% 5
West Midlands - 24 £150 - 2
Blackpool - 21 £385 - 1
Lancashire - 21 £385 - 1
Tyne and Wear -15 20 £410 +54.71% 1
North East -19 20 £410 +54.71% 1
South East -14 19 £403 +31.96% 3
Newcastle upon Tyne -18 19 £410 +54.71% 1
City of London +10 11 £425 -8.10%
Buckinghamshire -3 10 £338 +11.47% 1
West Yorkshire -18 8 £375 +27.11%
Yorkshire -19 8 £375 +27.11%
Milton Keynes -3 7 £356 +16.80% 1
Manchester -18 7 £488 +73.33% 3
Coventry - 7 £335 -
East Midlands -12 6 £293 -55.00% 4
Scotland -1 5 £375 +13.20% 1
Leeds -22 5 £378 +30.17%
Oxfordshire - 5 £405 -
Merseyside -10 4 - -
Bootle - 4 - -
Edinburgh - 4 £375 - 1
Nottingham -7 3 £325 - 2
Nottinghamshire -17 3 £325 -50.00% 2
Hampshire - 3 £550 -
Oxford - 3 £435 -
Leicestershire - 3 £260 - 1
Havant - 3 £550 -

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 29 July 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL.

1 127 (41.64%) Mainframe
2 116 (38.03%) DB2
3 81 (26.56%) JCL
3 81 (26.56%) Finance
4 79 (25.90%) CICS
5 70 (22.95%) VME
6 62 (20.33%) SQL
7 57 (18.69%) Micro Focus
8 49 (16.07%) UNIX
9 45 (14.75%) Oracle
9 45 (14.75%) Banking
10 39 (12.79%) Migration
11 38 (12.46%) IBM
12 36 (11.80%) Relational Database
13 34 (11.15%) Visual Studio
14 28 (9.18%) Linux
14 28 (9.18%) QA
15 27 (8.85%) Java
16 24 (7.87%) Project Management
17 22 (7.21%) VSAM
17 22 (7.21%) Security Cleared
18 20 (6.56%) Oracle Database
18 20 (6.56%) Assembly Language
18 20 (6.56%) REXX
18 20 (6.56%) Web Services
18 20 (6.56%) XML
19 19 (6.23%) HTML
19 19 (6.23%) RDBMS
20 18 (5.90%) Eclipse
20 18 (5.90%) Agile Software Development

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 29 July 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 79 (25.90%) CICS
2 13 (4.26%) Tuxedo
3 8 (2.62%) WebSphere
4 7 (2.30%) MQSeries
5 6 (1.97%) SAS
6 3 (0.98%) Confluence
6 3 (0.98%) Apache
7 2 (0.66%) Oracle Service Bus
7 2 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.66%) GlassFish
7 2 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.33%) StreamWeaver
8 1 (0.33%) TPMS
8 1 (0.33%) IIS
8 1 (0.33%) JBoss
Applications
1 6 (1.97%) MS Office
2 3 (0.98%) MS Project
3 2 (0.66%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.66%) Oracle Financials
1 2 (0.66%) Oracle General Ledger
1 2 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
1 2 (0.66%) Oracle Receivables
1 2 (0.66%) Oracle Assets
2 1 (0.33%) Oracle Retail
2 1 (0.33%) BASE24
2 1 (0.33%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 4 (1.31%) Amazon S3
2 3 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 16 (5.25%) FTP
2 8 (2.62%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.33%) SNA
3 1 (0.33%) SAN
3 1 (0.33%) Internet
3 1 (0.33%) APPN
3 1 (0.33%) HTTP
3 1 (0.33%) ATM
3 1 (0.33%) LAN
3 1 (0.33%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (38.03%) DB2
2 36 (11.80%) Relational Database
3 20 (6.56%) Oracle Database
4 19 (6.23%) RDBMS
5 14 (4.59%) IMS/DB
6 7 (2.30%) DataStage
7 5 (1.64%) Pentaho
7 5 (1.64%) Adabas
7 5 (1.64%) SQL Server
8 3 (0.98%) Data Mining
8 3 (0.98%) UniData
9 2 (0.66%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.66%) Oracle Database 11g
10 1 (0.33%) IDMS
10 1 (0.33%) Easytrieve
10 1 (0.33%) Oracle Database 10g
10 1 (0.33%) BusinessObjects
10 1 (0.33%) MySQL
10 1 (0.33%) Crystal Reports
10 1 (0.33%) Oracle9i Database
Development Applications
1 34 (11.15%) Visual Studio
2 18 (5.90%) Eclipse
3 14 (4.59%) Dreamweaver
4 5 (1.64%) CA Gen
5 3 (0.98%) JUnit
5 3 (0.98%) ChangeMan
5 3 (0.98%) Subversion
5 3 (0.98%) JIRA
6 2 (0.66%) Hudson
6 2 (0.66%) Apache Continuum
6 2 (0.66%) Rational Application Developer
6 2 (0.66%) Jenkins
6 2 (0.66%) Maven
6 2 (0.66%) Toad
6 2 (0.66%) Oracle Forms
6 2 (0.66%) JDeveloper
6 2 (0.66%) TestDirector
6 2 (0.66%) XPEDITER
7 1 (0.33%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 81 (26.56%) Finance
2 45 (14.75%) Banking
3 16 (5.25%) General Ledger
4 12 (3.93%) Retail
5 8 (2.62%) Dutch Language
5 8 (2.62%) French Language
6 4 (1.31%) Billing
7 3 (0.98%) Investment Banking
7 3 (0.98%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.98%) Back Office
8 2 (0.66%) Spanish Language
8 2 (0.66%) Corporate Banking
8 2 (0.66%) Advertising
9 1 (0.33%) Publishing
9 1 (0.33%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 95 (31.15%) Developer
2 63 (20.66%) COBOL Developer
3 56 (18.36%) Analyst
4 27 (8.85%) Architect
5 24 (7.87%) Programmer
6 23 (7.54%) COBOL Analyst
7 19 (6.23%) Test Manager
8 17 (5.57%) Mainframe Developer
9 15 (4.92%) Analyst Programmer
10 14 (4.59%) Project Manager
11 12 (3.93%) Technical Leader
12 10 (3.28%) COBOL Programmer
12 10 (3.28%) Delivery Manager
13 9 (2.95%) Applications Architect
13 9 (2.95%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
14 8 (2.62%) DBA
15 7 (2.30%) Oracle Developer
15 7 (2.30%) AWS Developer
16 5 (1.64%) Mainframe Programmer
16 5 (1.64%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (6.56%) Web Services
1 20 (6.56%) XML
2 19 (6.23%) HTML
3 15 (4.92%) ISPF
4 14 (4.59%) .NET
5 7 (2.30%) Middleware
6 4 (1.31%) Java EE
6 4 (1.31%) Silverlight
6 4 (1.31%) Spring
7 3 (0.98%) WebSphere MQ
7 3 (0.98%) Hibernate
8 2 (0.66%) Oracle ADF
8 2 (0.66%) EntireX
8 2 (0.66%) XHTML
8 2 (0.66%) WSDL
8 2 (0.66%) XML Schema
8 2 (0.66%) JAXB
8 2 (0.66%) Oracle Fusion
8 2 (0.66%) WebCenter
8 2 (0.66%) Grails
Miscellaneous
1 127 (41.64%) Mainframe
2 22 (7.21%) VSAM
3 18 (5.90%) Data Conversion
4 17 (5.57%) IBM Mainframe
5 12 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
6 11 (3.61%) Computer Science
7 8 (2.62%) AS400
8 6 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.31%) SWIFT
9 4 (1.31%) Data Structures
9 4 (1.31%) Client/Server
10 3 (0.98%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.98%) iSeries
11 2 (0.66%) W3C
11 2 (0.66%) Tandem
11 2 (0.66%) Private Cloud
11 2 (0.66%) BYOD
11 2 (0.66%) Data Centre
12 1 (0.33%) Mobile App
12 1 (0.33%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 70 (22.95%) VME
2 49 (16.07%) UNIX
3 28 (9.18%) Linux
4 17 (5.57%) zOS
4 17 (5.57%) MVS
5 14 (4.59%) SUSE
6 8 (2.62%) AIX
7 6 (1.97%) Windows
8 4 (1.31%) Windows XP
8 4 (1.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.98%) OS/390
9 3 (0.98%) Windows Vista
9 3 (0.98%) OS/400
9 3 (0.98%) Solaris
10 2 (0.66%) OS/2
11 1 (0.33%) VMS
11 1 (0.33%) i5/OS
11 1 (0.33%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (12.79%) Migration
2 24 (7.87%) Project Management
3 18 (5.90%) Agile Software Development
4 17 (5.57%) Automated Testing
5 16 (5.25%) Data Modelling
5 16 (5.25%) Integration Testing
6 14 (4.59%) User Acceptance Testing
7 13 (4.26%) Mentoring
7 13 (4.26%) Change Management
8 12 (3.93%) Test Scripting
8 12 (3.93%) Continuous Integration
8 12 (3.93%) SDLC
9 10 (3.28%) Performance Tuning
10 9 (2.95%) Technical Analysis
10 9 (2.95%) Test Strategy
10 9 (2.95%) PRINCE2
11 8 (2.62%) User Stories
12 7 (2.30%) Data Migration
12 7 (2.30%) Validation
12 7 (2.30%) Supplier Management
Programming Languages
1 81 (26.56%) JCL
2 62 (20.33%) SQL
3 27 (8.85%) Java
4 20 (6.56%) Assembly Language
4 20 (6.56%) REXX
5 17 (5.57%) C#
6 14 (4.59%) VBA
7 12 (3.93%) JavaScript
7 12 (3.93%) PL/SQL
8 11 (3.61%) CLIST
9 7 (2.30%) VB
10 6 (1.97%) RPG
10 6 (1.97%) SELCOPY
11 5 (1.64%) Shell Script
12 4 (1.31%) NATURAL
12 4 (1.31%) Perl
12 4 (1.31%) C
13 3 (0.98%) Python
14 2 (0.66%) PL/1
14 2 (0.66%) VB6
Qualifications
1 22 (7.21%) Security Cleared
2 12 (3.93%) Degree
3 8 (2.62%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.33%) BC Cleared
4 1 (0.33%) OCAJ
4 1 (0.33%) OCP
4 1 (0.33%) OCA
4 1 (0.33%) Oracle Certification
4 1 (0.33%) PMI Certification
4 1 (0.33%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (9.18%) QA
2 1 (0.33%) SLA
2 1 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 1 (0.33%) TickIT
System Software
1 7 (2.30%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (0.66%) RACF
3 1 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.33%) PowerHA
Systems Management
1 15 (4.92%) Control-M
2 6 (1.97%) CA Endevor
3 1 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.33%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 57 (18.69%) Micro Focus
2 45 (14.75%) Oracle
3 38 (12.46%) IBM
4 10 (3.28%) CA
5 9 (2.95%) Microsoft
6 8 (2.62%) SAP
7 7 (2.30%) HP
8 6 (1.97%) BMC
9 5 (1.64%) Actimize
10 4 (1.31%) 3PAR
11 3 (0.98%) ICL
11 3 (0.98%) Ab Initio
12 2 (0.66%) Fujitsu
12 2 (0.66%) Atlassian
12 2 (0.66%) WorldPay
13 1 (0.33%) ServiceNow
13 1 (0.33%) EnterpriseDB
13 1 (0.33%) VMware
13 1 (0.33%) Informatica
13 1 (0.33%) Retek
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