The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 30 June 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
30 Jun 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
COBOL
Rank 423 510 475
Rank change year-on-year
+87 -35
Contract jobs citing COBOL 179 89 92
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.32% 0.17% 0.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.84% 0.44% 0.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 118 43 34
Average daily rate
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of your Daily Rate
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£375 £318 £356
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+18.11% -10.87%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £159 £255 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £459 £594 £563
UK excluding London average daily rate £375 £300 £325
% change year-on-year
+25.00% -7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 1
Average hourly rate £45.00 £29.25 £14.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+53.84% +108.92%
UK excluding London average hourly rate - £29.25 £14.00
% change year-on-year
- +108.92%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Programming Languages Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
21370 20232 18670
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 38.09% 37.57% 37.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 14302 13111 11434
Average daily rate £400 £388 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.22% -3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £265 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £575
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 440 434 602
Average hourly rate £37.00 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+5.71% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.03 £17.00 £16.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £52.50 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.45 £36.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+4.02% +5.88%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 30 June 2015.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 30 June 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +73 171 £375 +19.04% 21
London +14 47 £425 - 7
North West +3 31 £387 +34.52% 3
West Midlands +27 30 £163 -40.90% 3
Newcastle upon Tyne -4 24 £325 +5.69%
North East -7 24 £325 -7.14%
Tyne and Wear -11 24 £325 -7.14%
Blackpool - 20 £380 -
Lancashire - 20 £380 - 1
City of London +11 17 £438 -5.40% 2
South East -21 16 £388 +6.89% 2
Buckinghamshire +2 10 £338 +10.65%
Yorkshire -21 8 £375 +25.00%
Milton Keynes +2 7 £356 +6.74%
Coventry - 7 £335 - 1
East Midlands -5 6 £260 -60.00% 3
West Yorkshire -24 6 £375 +25.00%
Scotland +7 5 £375 +3.44% 1
Manchester -16 5 £481 +67.39% 2
Merseyside -15 4 - -
Edinburgh - 4 £375 - 1
Bootle - 4 - -
Nottingham -5 3 - - 1
Nottinghamshire -7 3 - - 1
Leeds -21 3 £378 +25.83%
Leicester - 3 £260 - 1
Oxford - 3 £435 -
Oxfordshire - 3 £435 -
Leicestershire - 3 £260 - 1
Cardiff +7 2 £450 - 1

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 June 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL.

1 139 (42.38%) Mainframe
2 133 (40.55%) DB2
3 89 (27.13%) JCL
4 88 (26.83%) Finance
5 87 (26.52%) CICS
6 65 (19.82%) VME
7 63 (19.21%) SQL
8 60 (18.29%) Micro Focus
9 47 (14.33%) Banking
10 45 (13.72%) UNIX
11 43 (13.11%) IBM
12 42 (12.80%) Oracle
13 38 (11.59%) Relational Database
14 36 (10.98%) Migration
15 34 (10.37%) Visual Studio
16 30 (9.15%) Linux
17 29 (8.84%) QA
18 28 (8.54%) Java
18 28 (8.54%) Assembly Language
18 28 (8.54%) Project Management
19 24 (7.32%) Web Services
20 23 (7.01%) REXX
21 22 (6.71%) XML
21 22 (6.71%) VSAM
21 22 (6.71%) Security Cleared
22 21 (6.40%) RDBMS
23 20 (6.10%) HTML
24 19 (5.79%) ISPF
24 19 (5.79%) zOS
24 19 (5.79%) IBM Mainframe

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 30 June 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 87 (26.52%) CICS
2 13 (3.96%) Tuxedo
3 10 (3.05%) WebSphere
4 9 (2.74%) MQSeries
4 9 (2.74%) SAS
5 3 (0.91%) TPMS
5 3 (0.91%) Confluence
5 3 (0.91%) Apache
6 2 (0.61%) Oracle Service Bus
6 2 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.61%) IIS
6 2 (0.61%) JBoss
6 2 (0.61%) GlassFish
6 2 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 8 (2.44%) MS Office
2 5 (1.52%) MS Project
3 2 (0.61%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.61%) Oracle Financials
1 2 (0.61%) Oracle General Ledger
1 2 (0.61%) Oracle BPM
1 2 (0.61%) Oracle Receivables
1 2 (0.61%) Oracle Assets
2 1 (0.30%) Oracle Retail
2 1 (0.30%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 4 (1.22%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 17 (5.18%) FTP
2 9 (2.74%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.61%) SNA
3 2 (0.61%) Internet
3 2 (0.61%) APPN
3 2 (0.61%) HTTP
3 2 (0.61%) LAN
3 2 (0.61%) WAN
4 1 (0.30%) RIP
4 1 (0.30%) SAN
4 1 (0.30%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (40.55%) DB2
2 38 (11.59%) Relational Database
3 21 (6.40%) RDBMS
4 19 (5.79%) Oracle Database
5 14 (4.27%) IMS/DB
6 10 (3.05%) DataStage
7 4 (1.22%) Adabas
7 4 (1.22%) Pentaho
8 3 (0.91%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (0.91%) UniData
8 3 (0.91%) SQL Server
9 1 (0.30%) MySQL
9 1 (0.30%) Crystal Reports
9 1 (0.30%) Data Mining
9 1 (0.30%) Easytrieve
9 1 (0.30%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 34 (10.37%) Visual Studio
2 18 (5.49%) Eclipse
3 14 (4.27%) Dreamweaver
4 9 (2.74%) CA Gen
5 4 (1.22%) TestDirector
5 4 (1.22%) JIRA
6 3 (0.91%) ChangeMan
6 3 (0.91%) JUnit
6 3 (0.91%) Toad
7 2 (0.61%) Oracle Forms
7 2 (0.61%) XPEDITER
7 2 (0.61%) JDeveloper
7 2 (0.61%) Maven
7 2 (0.61%) Hudson
7 2 (0.61%) Apache Continuum
7 2 (0.61%) Rational Application Developer
7 2 (0.61%) Jenkins
8 1 (0.30%) Subversion
8 1 (0.30%) Zephyr
General
1 88 (26.83%) Finance
2 47 (14.33%) Banking
3 16 (4.88%) General Ledger
4 13 (3.96%) Retail
5 8 (2.44%) Dutch Language
5 8 (2.44%) French Language
6 5 (1.52%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.22%) Billing
8 3 (0.91%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.91%) Back Office
9 2 (0.61%) Corporate Banking
9 2 (0.61%) Spanish Language
9 2 (0.61%) Advertising
10 1 (0.30%) Automotive
10 1 (0.30%) Law
10 1 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 102 (31.10%) Developer
2 68 (20.73%) Analyst
2 68 (20.73%) COBOL Developer
3 32 (9.76%) Programmer
4 24 (7.32%) COBOL Analyst
5 23 (7.01%) Architect
6 20 (6.10%) Mainframe Developer
7 19 (5.79%) Test Manager
8 18 (5.49%) Analyst Programmer
9 16 (4.88%) Technical Leader
10 15 (4.57%) DBA
10 15 (4.57%) Project Manager
11 12 (3.66%) COBOL Programmer
12 10 (3.05%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
13 9 (2.74%) DB2 DBA
13 9 (2.74%) Applications Architect
14 8 (2.44%) Delivery Manager
14 8 (2.44%) Support Analyst
15 7 (2.13%) Applications Support
15 7 (2.13%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (7.32%) Web Services
2 22 (6.71%) XML
3 20 (6.10%) HTML
4 19 (5.79%) ISPF
5 11 (3.35%) Middleware
6 9 (2.74%) .NET
7 5 (1.52%) Java EE
8 4 (1.22%) Silverlight
8 4 (1.22%) Spring
9 3 (0.91%) Hibernate
9 3 (0.91%) SOAP
9 3 (0.91%) WebSphere MQ
10 2 (0.61%) APPC
10 2 (0.61%) Oracle ADF
10 2 (0.61%) Java SE
10 2 (0.61%) J2EE
10 2 (0.61%) XHTML
10 2 (0.61%) WSDL
10 2 (0.61%) XML Schema
10 2 (0.61%) JAXB
Miscellaneous
1 139 (42.38%) Mainframe
2 22 (6.71%) VSAM
3 19 (5.79%) IBM Mainframe
4 18 (5.49%) Data Conversion
5 12 (3.66%) Analytical Skills
6 10 (3.05%) Computer Science
7 9 (2.74%) AS400
8 6 (1.83%) iSeries
9 5 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (1.52%) BYOD
9 5 (1.52%) Data Centre
10 4 (1.22%) SWIFT
10 4 (1.22%) Client/Server
11 3 (0.91%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.91%) Private Cloud
12 2 (0.61%) Data Structures
12 2 (0.61%) W3C
12 2 (0.61%) Tandem
12 2 (0.61%) Mobile App
13 1 (0.30%) Data Integration
Operating Systems
1 65 (19.82%) VME
2 45 (13.72%) UNIX
3 30 (9.15%) Linux
4 19 (5.79%) zOS
5 16 (4.88%) MVS
6 14 (4.27%) SUSE
7 9 (2.74%) AIX
8 7 (2.13%) Solaris
9 5 (1.52%) Windows
9 5 (1.52%) OS/400
10 3 (0.91%) Windows XP
11 2 (0.61%) OS/2
11 2 (0.61%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.61%) i5/OS
12 1 (0.30%) Windows Vista
12 1 (0.30%) OS/390
Processes & Methodologies
1 36 (10.98%) Migration
2 28 (8.54%) Project Management
3 18 (5.49%) Integration Testing
4 17 (5.18%) Agile Software Development
4 17 (5.18%) Automated Testing
5 16 (4.88%) Data Modelling
5 16 (4.88%) User Acceptance Testing
5 16 (4.88%) SDLC
6 14 (4.27%) Mentoring
7 13 (3.96%) Test Scripting
7 13 (3.96%) Change Management
8 12 (3.66%) Continuous Integration
9 10 (3.05%) Performance Tuning
10 9 (2.74%) Test Strategy
10 9 (2.74%) Technical Analysis
11 8 (2.44%) User Stories
11 8 (2.44%) PRINCE2
12 7 (2.13%) UML
12 7 (2.13%) Validation
12 7 (2.13%) Supplier Management
Programming Languages
1 89 (27.13%) JCL
2 63 (19.21%) SQL
3 28 (8.54%) Java
3 28 (8.54%) Assembly Language
4 23 (7.01%) REXX
5 17 (5.18%) C#
6 14 (4.27%) VBA
7 13 (3.96%) SELCOPY
8 11 (3.35%) PL/SQL
9 10 (3.05%) JavaScript
10 9 (2.74%) RPG
11 6 (1.83%) Shell Script
12 5 (1.52%) VB
12 5 (1.52%) C
13 4 (1.22%) Perl
14 3 (0.91%) NATURAL
14 3 (0.91%) Python
15 2 (0.61%) PL/1
15 2 (0.61%) Caml Language
Qualifications
1 22 (6.71%) Security Cleared
2 14 (4.27%) Degree
3 8 (2.44%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.61%) OCAJ
4 2 (0.61%) OCP
4 2 (0.61%) OCA
4 2 (0.61%) Oracle Certification
4 2 (0.61%) IBM Certification
5 1 (0.30%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.30%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (8.84%) QA
2 2 (0.61%) SLA
2 2 (0.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 2 (0.61%) RACF
1 2 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
1 2 (0.61%) PowerHA
Systems Management
1 15 (4.57%) Control-M
2 7 (2.13%) CA Endevor
3 2 (0.61%) Tivoli NetView
4 1 (0.30%) OMEGAMON
4 1 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 60 (18.29%) Micro Focus
2 43 (13.11%) IBM
3 42 (12.80%) Oracle
4 13 (3.96%) CA
5 10 (3.05%) Microsoft
6 9 (2.74%) BMC
7 6 (1.83%) SAP
8 5 (1.52%) HP
9 4 (1.22%) Ab Initio
9 4 (1.22%) ICL
9 4 (1.22%) Actimize
10 2 (0.61%) Fujitsu
10 2 (0.61%) Atlassian
10 2 (0.61%) EnterpriseDB
10 2 (0.61%) VMware
10 2 (0.61%) NetIQ
10 2 (0.61%) WorldPay
11 1 (0.30%) RedPrairie
11 1 (0.30%) Business Objects
11 1 (0.30%) Informatica
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