The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 1 May 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
1 May 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
COBOL
Rank 456 495 488
Rank change year-on-year
+39 -7
Contract jobs citing COBOL 146 100 66
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.26% 0.18% 0.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.70% 0.49% 0.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 54 32
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
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£375 £300 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+25.00% -20.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £291 £215 £274
10% offered a daily rate of more than £453 £425 £526
UK excluding London average daily rate £363 £300 £356
% change year-on-year
+20.83% -15.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 2
Average hourly rate £45.00 - £27.73
UK excluding London average hourly rate £45.00 - £27.73

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Programming Languages Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
20851 20378 17900
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 37.36% 37.41% 37.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 13565 13266 11015
Average daily rate £400 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £258 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £575
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £330 £325
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 443 481 644
Average hourly rate £35.75 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.69 £18.10 £15.81
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £45.00 £51.00 £43.75
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.00 £36.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
- +2.85%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 1 May 2015.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 1 May 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +31 124 £375 +25.00% 24
Newcastle upon Tyne +12 31 £335 +27.61% 1
Tyne and Wear +12 31 £335 +20.72% 1
North East +3 31 £335 +20.72% 1
North West +3 28 £389 +24.32% 2
London +3 21 £425 +14.47% 6
Lancashire +17 15 £375 +36.36% 2
Blackpool - 14 £375 - 1
West Midlands -8 13 £313 -3.84% 2
East of England +10 11 £340 +41.66% 4
City of London +8 11 £438 - 1
Manchester -7 8 £463 +19.35%
Yorkshire -10 8 - - 1
Essex +6 7 £318 +2.70% 1
Sheffield -3 7 - -
South Yorkshire -7 7 - -
South East -15 6 - - 2
Edinburgh +5 5 - -
Scotland -4 5 - - 1
Bedfordshire +4 4 £423 +76.04% 1
Milton Keynes -3 4 - -
Buckinghamshire -7 4 - -
Cheshire - 4 - -
Nottinghamshire -1 3 - - 3
East Midlands -6 3 - - 4
Nottingham -8 3 - - 3
Brentwood - 3 £344 -
Cardiff +13 2 £450 +12.50%
South West +3 2 £275 - 2
South Wales +1 2 £450 +12.50%

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 1 May 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL.

1 122 (45.52%) Mainframe
2 112 (41.79%) DB2
3 74 (27.61%) CICS
4 67 (25.00%) Finance
5 63 (23.51%) SQL
6 58 (21.64%) JCL
7 56 (20.90%) VME
8 45 (16.79%) IBM
8 45 (16.79%) Micro Focus
9 41 (15.30%) UNIX
10 36 (13.43%) Banking
11 34 (12.69%) Migration
12 31 (11.57%) Assembly Language
13 28 (10.45%) Relational Database
14 27 (10.07%) Java
15 23 (8.58%) VSAM
16 22 (8.21%) Security Cleared
17 21 (7.84%) Visual Studio
18 20 (7.46%) REXX
18 20 (7.46%) QA
19 19 (7.09%) Linux
20 18 (6.72%) ISPF
21 17 (6.34%) IBM Mainframe
21 17 (6.34%) Web Services
21 17 (6.34%) Project Management
22 16 (5.97%) RDBMS
22 16 (5.97%) Oracle
22 16 (5.97%) SAS
23 15 (5.60%) TCP/IP
23 15 (5.60%) zOS

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 1 May 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing COBOL also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited COBOL. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 74 (27.61%) CICS
2 16 (5.97%) SAS
3 11 (4.10%) Tuxedo
4 10 (3.73%) MQSeries
5 4 (1.49%) WebSphere
6 3 (1.12%) TPMS
7 2 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.75%) Oracle Service Bus
7 2 (0.75%) JBoss
7 2 (0.75%) IIS
8 1 (0.37%) CMS
8 1 (0.37%) WebLogic
Applications
1 10 (3.73%) MS Office
2 4 (1.49%) MS Project
3 2 (0.75%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.75%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 2 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 15 (5.60%) TCP/IP
2 7 (2.61%) FTP
3 6 (2.24%) Internet
4 5 (1.87%) APPN
4 5 (1.87%) HTTP
4 5 (1.87%) SNA
4 5 (1.87%) LAN
4 5 (1.87%) WAN
5 2 (0.75%) X.25
5 2 (0.75%) SSH
6 1 (0.37%) SSL
6 1 (0.37%) SAN
6 1 (0.37%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (41.79%) DB2
2 28 (10.45%) Relational Database
3 16 (5.97%) RDBMS
4 14 (5.22%) DataStage
5 7 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
6 5 (1.87%) Adabas
6 5 (1.87%) Pentaho
7 4 (1.49%) SQL Server
8 3 (1.12%) NonStop SQL
8 3 (1.12%) UniData
8 3 (1.12%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.37%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.37%) Easytrieve
9 1 (0.37%) MySQL
9 1 (0.37%) Crystal Reports
Development Applications
1 21 (7.84%) Visual Studio
2 9 (3.36%) CA Gen
3 8 (2.99%) Eclipse
4 3 (1.12%) TestDirector
4 3 (1.12%) Oracle Forms
4 3 (1.12%) Toad
5 2 (0.75%) Rational Application Developer
5 2 (0.75%) Jenkins
5 2 (0.75%) Hudson
5 2 (0.75%) Apache Continuum
5 2 (0.75%) XPEDITER
5 2 (0.75%) JDeveloper
5 2 (0.75%) ChangeMan
5 2 (0.75%) Maven
6 1 (0.37%) JIRA
6 1 (0.37%) Zephyr
General
1 67 (25.00%) Finance
2 36 (13.43%) Banking
3 14 (5.22%) Retail
4 8 (2.99%) Manufacturing
5 3 (1.12%) Investment Banking
5 3 (1.12%) Back Office
6 2 (0.75%) Advertising
6 2 (0.75%) Law
6 2 (0.75%) Billing
6 2 (0.75%) Retail Banking
7 1 (0.37%) Dutch Language
7 1 (0.37%) French Language
7 1 (0.37%) Spanish Language
7 1 (0.37%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 82 (30.60%) Developer
2 61 (22.76%) Analyst
3 47 (17.54%) COBOL Developer
4 30 (11.19%) Programmer
5 23 (8.58%) Technical Leader
6 21 (7.84%) Mainframe Developer
7 20 (7.46%) COBOL Analyst
8 16 (5.97%) Architect
9 14 (5.22%) Test Manager
9 14 (5.22%) DBA
10 12 (4.48%) Project Manager
11 11 (4.10%) Consultant
11 11 (4.10%) CICS Programmer
12 10 (3.73%) CICS Systems Programmer
12 10 (3.73%) Systems Programmer
13 8 (2.99%) Technical Design Leader
13 8 (2.99%) DB2 DBA
13 8 (2.99%) Technical Architect
13 8 (2.99%) Analyst Programmer
14 6 (2.24%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (6.72%) ISPF
2 17 (6.34%) Web Services
3 10 (3.73%) Middleware
4 8 (2.99%) XML
5 6 (2.24%) .NET
6 5 (1.87%) APPC
7 4 (1.49%) HTML
8 3 (1.12%) SOAP
9 2 (0.75%) Oracle Fusion
9 2 (0.75%) Java EE 5
9 2 (0.75%) JPA
9 2 (0.75%) WebCenter
9 2 (0.75%) XHTML
9 2 (0.75%) J2EE
9 2 (0.75%) Oracle ADF
9 2 (0.75%) Java SE
9 2 (0.75%) Java EE
10 1 (0.37%) .NET Framework
10 1 (0.37%) WCF
10 1 (0.37%) Silverlight
Miscellaneous
1 122 (45.52%) Mainframe
2 23 (8.58%) VSAM
3 17 (6.34%) IBM Mainframe
4 13 (4.85%) AS400
4 13 (4.85%) Data Conversion
4 13 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (4.10%) iSeries
6 9 (3.36%) Computer Science
7 7 (2.61%) BYOD
8 4 (1.49%) Tandem
9 2 (0.75%) Mobile App
9 2 (0.75%) Private Cloud
10 1 (0.37%) Economics
10 1 (0.37%) CMDB
10 1 (0.37%) Data Integration
10 1 (0.37%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.37%) Equities
10 1 (0.37%) PMI
10 1 (0.37%) HACMP
10 1 (0.37%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 56 (20.90%) VME
2 41 (15.30%) UNIX
3 19 (7.09%) Linux
4 15 (5.60%) zOS
5 10 (3.73%) AIX
5 10 (3.73%) Solaris
6 7 (2.61%) OS/400
7 6 (2.24%) Windows
8 5 (1.87%) i5/OS
8 5 (1.87%) Windows XP
8 5 (1.87%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 34 (12.69%) Migration
2 17 (6.34%) Project Management
3 15 (5.60%) Integration Testing
4 12 (4.48%) Automated Testing
5 10 (3.73%) Agile Software Development
6 8 (2.99%) Test Scripting
6 8 (2.99%) Change Management
7 6 (2.24%) Performance Tuning
7 6 (2.24%) Test Strategy
7 6 (2.24%) UML
7 6 (2.24%) Continuous Integration
7 6 (2.24%) System Testing
7 6 (2.24%) Systems Analysis
7 6 (2.24%) Logistics
8 5 (1.87%) ITIL
8 5 (1.87%) E-Commerce
9 4 (1.49%) Mentoring
9 4 (1.49%) OO
9 4 (1.49%) PRINCE2
9 4 (1.49%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 63 (23.51%) SQL
2 58 (21.64%) JCL
3 31 (11.57%) Assembly Language
4 27 (10.07%) Java
5 20 (7.46%) REXX
6 13 (4.85%) SELCOPY
7 12 (4.48%) RPG
8 8 (2.99%) C
8 8 (2.99%) PL/SQL
9 5 (1.87%) PL/1
9 5 (1.87%) NATURAL
9 5 (1.87%) C#
10 3 (1.12%) Shell Script
10 3 (1.12%) VB
10 3 (1.12%) JavaScript
11 2 (0.75%) VB.NET
11 2 (0.75%) Caml Language
12 1 (0.37%) VB6
12 1 (0.37%) C++
12 1 (0.37%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 22 (8.21%) Security Cleared
2 13 (4.85%) Degree
3 5 (1.87%) IBM Certification
4 4 (1.49%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.75%) BC Cleared
5 2 (0.75%) OCP
5 2 (0.75%) OCA
5 2 (0.75%) Oracle Certification
5 2 (0.75%) OCAJ
6 1 (0.37%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (7.46%) QA
2 1 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 1 (0.37%) SLA
System Software
1 5 (1.87%) PowerHA
2 2 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.37%) RACF
Systems Management
1 5 (1.87%) CA Endevor
1 5 (1.87%) Tivoli NetView
2 2 (0.75%) HP SIM
2 2 (0.75%) OMEGAMON
3 1 (0.37%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 45 (16.79%) IBM
1 45 (16.79%) Micro Focus
2 16 (5.97%) Oracle
3 14 (5.22%) Microsoft
4 9 (3.36%) HP
4 9 (3.36%) CA
5 6 (2.24%) BMC
6 5 (1.87%) NetIQ
7 4 (1.49%) ICL
8 3 (1.12%) Ab Initio
9 2 (0.75%) WorldPay
9 2 (0.75%) EnterpriseDB
9 2 (0.75%) Business Objects
9 2 (0.75%) VMware
9 2 (0.75%) Actimize
9 2 (0.75%) Fujitsu
10 1 (0.37%) Retek
10 1 (0.37%) JDA
10 1 (0.37%) SAP
10 1 (0.37%) RedPrairie
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