The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 30 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
30 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
COBOL
Rank 506 528 560
Rank change year-on-year
+22 +32
Contract jobs citing COBOL 142 131 84
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.26% 0.23% 0.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.66% 0.60% 0.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 79 70 32
Median daily rate £401 £409 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
-2.01% +9.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £150 £267
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £550 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £365
% change year-on-year
- +9.58%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 4
Median hourly rate £32.27 - £32.50
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.05 - £28.95
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £35.25 - £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.27 - £32.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Programming Languages Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
21629 21916 20715
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 40.01% 38.10% 37.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 14833 14722 13118
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +3.22%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £285 £268
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 462 495 414
Median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+5.26% +8.57%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.00 £17.50 £15.25
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £50.00 £63.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.89% +10.00%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 30 August 2016.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 30 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 139 £400 -1.17% 7
North West +35 52 £420 -5.08% 2
Lancashire +39 39 £420 +5.00% 1
London -21 28 £450 +5.88%
Blackpool +32 25 £420 +5.00%
East of England +34 18 £255 - 1
Essex +21 17 £255 - 1
South East +4 11 £250 -37.50% 3
West Midlands -42 11 £323 +115.00%
Lytham St Annes - 10 £441 -
Manchester -10 9 £500 +5.26% 1
Shropshire -17 8 £330 -
East Midlands +4 7 £400 +23.07%
Telford -15 7 £330 -
Docklands, London - 6 - -
Buckinghamshire +13 5 - -
Yorkshire -3 5 £375 - 1
Northamptonshire - 5 £431 -
Northampton - 5 £431 -
Leeds 0 4 £375 -
West Yorkshire -1 4 £375 -
City of London +23 3 £363 -17.08%
Basildon - 3 £260 -
Surrey - 3 £250 - 1
Milton Keynes +8 2 - -
Merseyside +5 2 - -
Berkshire +1 2 - - 2
North East -22 2 £413 -25.00%
Newcastle upon Tyne -26 2 £413 -7.04%
Tyne and Wear -32 2 £413 -25.00%

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 August 2016, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 95 (33.10%) Mainframe
2 84 (29.27%) Oracle
3 81 (28.22%) Linux
4 80 (27.87%) Java
5 75 (26.13%) DB2
6 64 (22.30%) Finance
7 58 (20.21%) C
7 58 (20.21%) SQL
8 56 (19.51%) Micro Focus
9 53 (18.47%) Tuxedo
10 49 (17.07%) IBM
10 49 (17.07%) VME
11 44 (15.33%) Unix
12 43 (14.98%) Banking
13 38 (13.24%) Shell Script
14 37 (12.89%) JCL
15 36 (12.54%) Oracle Database
16 34 (11.85%) CICS
16 34 (11.85%) Migration
17 29 (10.10%) Clustering
18 28 (9.76%) IBM Mainframe
19 27 (9.41%) Project Management
20 26 (9.06%) Middleware
20 26 (9.06%) Bash Shell
21 25 (8.71%) .NET
22 24 (8.36%) RDBMS
22 24 (8.36%) Agile Software Development
22 24 (8.36%) Business Analysis
22 24 (8.36%) Relational Database
23 21 (7.32%) C++

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (18.47%) Tuxedo
2 34 (11.85%) CICS
3 8 (2.79%) JBoss
4 7 (2.44%) SharePoint
4 7 (2.44%) WebSphere
5 5 (1.74%) MQSeries
5 5 (1.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 4 (1.39%) Apache ServiceMix
6 4 (1.39%) BizTalk Server
6 4 (1.39%) Skype for Business
6 4 (1.39%) WebLogic
7 3 (1.05%) TPMS
8 2 (0.70%) WebSphere Application Server
9 1 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 13 (4.53%) MS Excel
2 10 (3.48%) MS Office
3 3 (1.05%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.70%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (2.09%) BASE24
2 4 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.70%) Misys Midas
4 1 (0.35%) ENOVIA
4 1 (0.35%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.35%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 5 (1.74%) Microsoft Azure
1 5 (1.74%) Office 365
2 4 (1.39%) Yammer
3 3 (1.05%) GitHub
4 1 (0.35%) Amazon AWS
4 1 (0.35%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.79%) WebEx
2 6 (2.09%) ATM
3 3 (1.05%) FTP
4 2 (0.70%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.35%) Internet
5 1 (0.35%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (26.13%) DB2
2 36 (12.54%) Oracle Database
3 24 (8.36%) RDBMS
3 24 (8.36%) Relational Database
4 7 (2.44%) Oracle ODI
5 6 (2.09%) Oracle Database 11g
5 6 (2.09%) SQL Server
6 5 (1.74%) IDMS
6 5 (1.74%) IMS/DB
6 5 (1.74%) Oracle BI EE
6 5 (1.74%) Oracle Database 12c
7 4 (1.39%) Essbase
7 4 (1.39%) MS Access
8 3 (1.05%) BusinessObjects
8 3 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (1.05%) NonStop SQL
9 2 (0.70%) Data Mining
9 2 (0.70%) DataStage
9 2 (0.70%) NoSQL
9 2 (0.70%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 12 (4.18%) Eclipse
1 12 (4.18%) Visual Studio
2 7 (2.44%) Subversion
3 4 (1.39%) AppScan
3 4 (1.39%) Dreamweaver
4 3 (1.05%) CA Gen
4 3 (1.05%) Toad
5 1 (0.35%) Git (software)
5 1 (0.35%) HP UFT
5 1 (0.35%) Introscope
5 1 (0.35%) Jenkins
5 1 (0.35%) JIRA
5 1 (0.35%) Maven
5 1 (0.35%) MSI
5 1 (0.35%) Oracle Forms
5 1 (0.35%) ProC
General
1 64 (22.30%) Finance
2 43 (14.98%) Banking
3 18 (6.27%) Retail
4 5 (1.74%) Automotive
4 5 (1.74%) Corporate Banking
5 4 (1.39%) Billing
5 4 (1.39%) Manufacturing
5 4 (1.39%) Spanish Language
6 3 (1.05%) Investment Banking
6 3 (1.05%) Marketing
6 3 (1.05%) Retail Banking
7 2 (0.70%) Back Office
8 1 (0.35%) Dutch Language
8 1 (0.35%) French Language
8 1 (0.35%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 139 (48.43%) Developer
2 58 (20.21%) COBOL Developer
3 55 (19.16%) Analyst
4 37 (12.89%) Architect
5 28 (9.76%) Mainframe Developer
6 23 (8.01%) Programmer
7 20 (6.97%) Business Analyst
8 16 (5.57%) COBOL Programmer
9 14 (4.88%) Solutions Architect
10 12 (4.18%) COBOL Analyst
10 12 (4.18%) DB2 Developer
11 11 (3.83%) Technical Analyst
12 9 (3.14%) Support Analyst
13 8 (2.79%) Analyst Programmer
13 8 (2.79%) Consultant
13 8 (2.79%) Middleware Developer
14 7 (2.44%) Designer
14 7 (2.44%) Oracle Architect
14 7 (2.44%) Senior Analyst
14 7 (2.44%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (9.06%) Middleware
2 25 (8.71%) .NET
3 14 (4.88%) J2EE
4 12 (4.18%) XML
5 8 (2.79%) HTML
6 6 (2.09%) Web Services
7 5 (1.74%) Spring
8 4 (1.39%) WebSphere MQ
9 3 (1.05%) .NET Framework
9 3 (1.05%) COM
9 3 (1.05%) CSS
9 3 (1.05%) CSS3
9 3 (1.05%) ISPF
9 3 (1.05%) JSP
9 3 (1.05%) PhoneGap
10 2 (0.70%) CGI
10 2 (0.70%) Java EE
10 2 (0.70%) JMS
10 2 (0.70%) REST
11 1 (0.35%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 95 (33.10%) Mainframe
2 29 (10.10%) Clustering
3 28 (9.76%) IBM Mainframe
4 20 (6.97%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (5.92%) Tandem
6 16 (5.57%) AS400
7 14 (4.88%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (4.53%) VSAM
9 7 (2.44%) Management Information System
10 6 (2.09%) EMV
11 5 (1.74%) Client/Server
12 4 (1.39%) Computer Science
12 4 (1.39%) Mobile App
12 4 (1.39%) Smart Meter
12 4 (1.39%) Virtual Team
13 3 (1.05%) EFT
13 3 (1.05%) Equities
13 3 (1.05%) iPhone
14 2 (0.70%) Data Integration
14 2 (0.70%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 81 (28.22%) Linux
2 49 (17.07%) VME
3 44 (15.33%) Unix
4 15 (5.23%) AIX
4 15 (5.23%) Windows
5 12 (4.18%) zOS
6 8 (2.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (1.05%) Android
7 3 (1.05%) Oracle Linux
7 3 (1.05%) SUSE
8 2 (0.70%) MVS
8 2 (0.70%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.35%) Stratus VOS
9 1 (0.35%) VMS
9 1 (0.35%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 34 (11.85%) Migration
2 27 (9.41%) Project Management
3 24 (8.36%) Agile Software Development
3 24 (8.36%) Business Analysis
4 17 (5.92%) SDLC
5 16 (5.57%) Data Modelling
6 15 (5.23%) Unit Testing
7 12 (4.18%) Configuration Management
7 12 (4.18%) Re-Platforming
7 12 (4.18%) Time Management
8 11 (3.83%) Coaching
8 11 (3.83%) Data Management
8 11 (3.83%) User Acceptance Testing
8 11 (3.83%) Waterfall
9 10 (3.48%) ITIL
9 10 (3.48%) SOA
9 10 (3.48%) Software Engineering
9 10 (3.48%) Test Scripting
9 10 (3.48%) Test Strategy
9 10 (3.48%) Translating Business Requirements
Programming Languages
1 80 (27.87%) Java
2 58 (20.21%) C
2 58 (20.21%) SQL
3 38 (13.24%) Shell Script
4 37 (12.89%) JCL
5 26 (9.06%) Bash Shell
6 21 (7.32%) C++
7 12 (4.18%) C#
8 11 (3.83%) PL/SQL
9 7 (2.44%) JavaScript
10 5 (1.74%) REXX
10 5 (1.74%) Smalltalk
11 4 (1.39%) Assembly Language
11 4 (1.39%) Perl
11 4 (1.39%) VB
12 3 (1.05%) LINC
12 3 (1.05%) PL/1
13 2 (0.70%) ANSI C
13 2 (0.70%) RPG
14 1 (0.35%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 16 (5.57%) Security Cleared
2 12 (4.18%) BPSS Clearance
2 12 (4.18%) SC Cleared
3 8 (2.79%) Degree
4 2 (0.70%) ISEB
4 2 (0.70%) ISTQB
4 2 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.79%) QA
2 5 (1.74%) SEPA
3 1 (0.35%) COREP
3 1 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.35%) FINREP
System Software
1 11 (3.83%) Time Sharing Option
2 6 (2.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (1.74%) vSphere
4 3 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.70%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.70%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 1 (0.35%) Cygwin
Systems Management
1 6 (2.09%) Control-M
2 4 (1.39%) HP Fortify
2 4 (1.39%) HP Quality Center
2 4 (1.39%) WebInspect
3 2 (0.70%) CA Endevor
3 2 (0.70%) Tivoli
3 2 (0.70%) Tivoli NetView
4 1 (0.35%) Ansible
4 1 (0.35%) CA Wily
Vendors
1 84 (29.27%) Oracle
2 56 (19.51%) Micro Focus
3 49 (17.07%) IBM
4 18 (6.27%) ICL
5 15 (5.23%) Microsoft
6 11 (3.83%) Fujitsu
6 11 (3.83%) SAP
7 10 (3.48%) HP
8 8 (2.79%) Unisys
9 7 (2.44%) Red Hat
9 7 (2.44%) VMware
10 5 (1.74%) Citrix
10 5 (1.74%) Perforce
11 4 (1.39%) Infor
11 4 (1.39%) Informatica
11 4 (1.39%) Remedy
11 4 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (1.39%) Veracode
11 4 (1.39%) webMethods
12 3 (1.05%) ATG
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