The table below looks at the statistics for COBOL skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 26 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
COBOL
UK
Rank 509 472 471
Rank change year-on-year
-37 -1
Contract jobs citing COBOL 88 159 140
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.20% 0.31% 0.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.48% 0.80% 0.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 57 106 63
Median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £281 £260 £273
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £500 £484
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 3 8
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+11.11% -43.03%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £39.50
% change year-on-year
+11.11% -43.03%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Programming Languages category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Programming Languages Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Programming Languages category
18249 19912 19696
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 40.76% 38.33% 37.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 12587 13528 12927
Median daily rate £430 £418 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.99% +4.37%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £298 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 420 488 419
Median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+5.00% +14.28%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.00 £18.63 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.00 £50.27 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year
+3.75% +11.11%

COBOL
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing COBOL as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Programming Languages category.

COBOL Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Daily Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 26 February 2017.

COBOL Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

COBOL
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing COBOL within the UK.

COBOL Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

COBOL
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the UK over the 3 months to 26 February 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -41 83 £400 +6.66% 14
North West -33 21 £500 +25.00% 2
London +26 17 £438 -2.77%
North East -10 16 £369 +13.46%
Lancashire -13 16 £500 +25.00%
Newcastle upon Tyne -15 15 £375 +15.38%
Tyne and Wear -19 15 £375 +15.38%
Blackpool +1 13 £550 +49.15%
West Midlands +10 12 £388 +1.63%
Warwickshire +11 9 - -
South East +5 8 £300 -29.41% 3
East Midlands +7 5 £401 +33.75% 5
Scotland +26 4 £375 +12.78%
Hampshire +11 4 £300 -
Leamington Spa - 4 - -
Manchester +5 3 £400 -
Warwick +3 3 - -
South West -3 3 £275 +10.00% 1
Preston - 3 £351 -
Portsmouth - 3 £300 -
Glasgow - 3 - -
Northamptonshire - 3 £403 -
Cheshire +27 2 £223 -47.64% 2
Coventry -3 2 - -
Oxfordshire -4 2 - -
Chester - 2 £223 -
Northampton - 2 £414 -
Banbury - 2 - -
Berkshire +13 1 - - 2
Buckinghamshire -21 1 - -

COBOL
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for COBOL.

1 55 (34.59%) Mainframe
2 50 (31.45%) Oracle
3 49 (30.82%) Java
4 39 (24.53%) VME
5 38 (23.90%) SQL
6 37 (23.27%) DB2
7 32 (20.13%) Finance
8 31 (19.50%) JCL
9 30 (18.87%) Unix
10 29 (18.24%) ICL
11 26 (16.35%) C
12 24 (15.09%) HP
12 24 (15.09%) Agile Software Development
13 23 (14.47%) Software Engineering
13 23 (14.47%) CICS
14 22 (13.84%) Microsoft
15 21 (13.21%) Linux
16 20 (12.58%) IBM
16 20 (12.58%) Micro Focus
16 20 (12.58%) Analytical Skills
17 19 (11.95%) Virtual Machines
17 19 (11.95%) ITIL
17 19 (11.95%) C#
18 18 (11.32%) StarTeam
19 17 (10.69%) HTML
19 17 (10.69%) Oracle Database
20 16 (10.06%) XML
20 16 (10.06%) MVS
21 15 (9.43%) C++
21 15 (9.43%) Banking

COBOL
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (14.47%) CICS
2 12 (7.55%) Tuxedo
3 10 (6.29%) WebLogic
4 2 (1.26%) MQSeries
4 2 (1.26%) TPMS
5 1 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.63%) Commerce Server
5 1 (0.63%) Commerce Server 2007
5 1 (0.63%) EPiServer
5 1 (0.63%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (5.03%) MS Excel
1 8 (5.03%) MS PowerPoint
2 2 (1.26%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.63%) Oracle Receivables
1 1 (0.63%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 2 (1.26%) IaaS
1 2 (1.26%) PaaS
1 2 (1.26%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (6.92%) Internet
2 4 (2.52%) FTP
3 3 (1.89%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.63%) Firewall
4 1 (0.63%) HTTP
4 1 (0.63%) LDAP
4 1 (0.63%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (23.27%) DB2
2 17 (10.69%) Oracle Database
3 12 (7.55%) Relational Database
4 8 (5.03%) RDBMS
5 5 (3.14%) Oracle Reports
6 4 (2.52%) BusinessObjects
7 3 (1.89%) IDMS
7 3 (1.89%) SQL Server
8 2 (1.26%) DataStage
8 2 (1.26%) MS Access
8 2 (1.26%) Pentaho
9 1 (0.63%) Adabas
9 1 (0.63%) Big Data
9 1 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.63%) Easytrieve
9 1 (0.63%) Hadoop
9 1 (0.63%) MongoDB
9 1 (0.63%) Oracle Database 10g
9 1 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 18 (11.32%) StarTeam
2 8 (5.03%) Visual Studio
3 4 (2.52%) Dreamweaver
4 3 (1.89%) CA Gen
4 3 (1.89%) ChangeMan
4 3 (1.89%) Eclipse
4 3 (1.89%) Toad
5 2 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.63%) ERwin
6 1 (0.63%) Fiddler
6 1 (0.63%) Firebug
6 1 (0.63%) JMeter
6 1 (0.63%) LoadRunner
6 1 (0.63%) Oracle Forms
6 1 (0.63%) Rhino Mocks
6 1 (0.63%) Selenium
6 1 (0.63%) Synon
6 1 (0.63%) The Grinder
General
1 32 (20.13%) Finance
2 15 (9.43%) Banking
3 6 (3.77%) Telecoms
4 4 (2.52%) Manufacturing
5 3 (1.89%) Retail
6 2 (1.26%) Back Office
6 2 (1.26%) French Language
6 2 (1.26%) Marketing
7 1 (0.63%) Advertising
7 1 (0.63%) Automotive
7 1 (0.63%) Billing
7 1 (0.63%) Dutch Language
7 1 (0.63%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 84 (52.83%) Developer
2 43 (27.04%) COBOL Developer
3 29 (18.24%) Analyst
4 12 (7.55%) Programmer
5 10 (6.29%) Lead Developer
5 10 (6.29%) Mainframe Developer
6 9 (5.66%) Senior Developer
7 8 (5.03%) Business Analyst
7 8 (5.03%) Operations Engineer
7 8 (5.03%) Senior Operations Engineer
8 7 (4.40%) COBOL Programmer
8 7 (4.40%) Test Analyst
9 6 (3.77%) Architect
9 6 (3.77%) C Developer
9 6 (3.77%) COBOL Analyst
9 6 (3.77%) Unix Developer
10 5 (3.14%) C/C++ Developer
10 5 (3.14%) Consultant
10 5 (3.14%) DBA
10 5 (3.14%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (10.69%) HTML
2 16 (10.06%) XML
3 13 (8.18%) Web Services
4 10 (6.29%) .NET
5 8 (5.03%) J2EE
6 6 (3.77%) CSS
7 4 (2.52%) .NET Framework
8 3 (1.89%) ASP.NET
9 2 (1.26%) ASP.NET MVC
9 2 (1.26%) ISPF
9 2 (1.26%) REST
9 2 (1.26%) SOAP
10 1 (0.63%) ADO.NET
10 1 (0.63%) jQuery
10 1 (0.63%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 55 (34.59%) Mainframe
2 20 (12.58%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (6.92%) Client/Server
4 8 (5.03%) IBM Mainframe
5 7 (4.40%) VSAM
6 6 (3.77%) Clustering
7 5 (3.14%) Computer Science
8 3 (1.89%) AS400
8 3 (1.89%) iSeries
9 2 (1.26%) Data Centre
9 2 (1.26%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.63%) Blog
10 1 (0.63%) Equities
10 1 (0.63%) iPad
10 1 (0.63%) Mobile App
10 1 (0.63%) Online Banking
10 1 (0.63%) PDA
10 1 (0.63%) Replication
10 1 (0.63%) Social Media
10 1 (0.63%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 39 (24.53%) VME
2 30 (18.87%) Unix
3 21 (13.21%) Linux
4 16 (10.06%) MVS
5 10 (6.29%) Windows
6 5 (3.14%) zOS
7 3 (1.89%) AIX
7 3 (1.89%) SUSE
8 2 (1.26%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.63%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 24 (15.09%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (14.47%) Software Engineering
3 19 (11.95%) ITIL
4 14 (8.81%) TDD
5 13 (8.18%) Waterfall
6 12 (7.55%) Service Management
7 11 (6.92%) Integration Testing
7 11 (6.92%) Migration
8 10 (6.29%) Change Management
8 10 (6.29%) Data Management
8 10 (6.29%) ITSM
9 9 (5.66%) Performance Tuning
9 9 (5.66%) User Acceptance Testing
10 8 (5.03%) Business Analysis
10 8 (5.03%) Continuous Delivery
10 8 (5.03%) DevOps
10 8 (5.03%) ETL
10 8 (5.03%) Problem Management
10 8 (5.03%) Unit Testing
11 7 (4.40%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 49 (30.82%) Java
2 38 (23.90%) SQL
3 31 (19.50%) JCL
4 26 (16.35%) C
5 19 (11.95%) C#
6 15 (9.43%) C++
7 13 (8.18%) Shell Script
8 12 (7.55%) PL/SQL
9 11 (6.92%) VB
10 10 (6.29%) Perl
10 10 (6.29%) VC++
11 6 (3.77%) Assembly Language
11 6 (3.77%) Bash Shell
11 6 (3.77%) JavaScript
12 3 (1.89%) R
12 3 (1.89%) REXX
12 3 (1.89%) RPG
13 2 (1.26%) LINC
14 1 (0.63%) Fortran
14 1 (0.63%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 6 (3.77%) BPSS Clearance
2 5 (3.14%) Degree
2 5 (3.14%) Security Cleared
3 2 (1.26%) ISEB
3 2 (1.26%) ISTQB
3 2 (1.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 1 (0.63%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (3.77%) QA
2 5 (3.14%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (1.89%) SLA
System Software
1 19 (11.95%) Virtual Machines
2 3 (1.89%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 3 (1.89%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
3 2 (1.26%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (0.63%) RACF
Systems Management
1 3 (1.89%) CA Endevor
1 3 (1.89%) Tivoli
2 2 (1.26%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.63%) OMEGAMON
3 1 (0.63%) ServiceCenter
Vendors
1 50 (31.45%) Oracle
2 29 (18.24%) ICL
3 24 (15.09%) HP
4 22 (13.84%) Microsoft
5 20 (12.58%) IBM
5 20 (12.58%) Micro Focus
6 13 (8.18%) Informatica
7 7 (4.40%) webMethods
8 6 (3.77%) Pega
9 3 (1.89%) Fujitsu
9 3 (1.89%) Unisys
10 2 (1.26%) Ab Initio
10 2 (1.26%) BEA
10 2 (1.26%) Infor
10 2 (1.26%) JD Edwards
10 2 (1.26%) Remedy
10 2 (1.26%) SAP
10 2 (1.26%) ServiceNow
10 2 (1.26%) TIBCO
11 1 (0.63%) BMC