The table below looks at the statistics for JPA skills in IT contracts advertised for the Scotland region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 29 April 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
29 Apr 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Java Persistence API (JPA)
Rank 127 103 108
Rank change year-on-year
-24 +5
Contract jobs citing JPA 24 30 20
As % of all contract IT jobs located in Scotland 0.80% 1.01% 0.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.95% 4.93% 2.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 22 13 13
Average daily rate £450 £375 £500
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+20.00% -25.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £375 £308
10% offered a daily rate of more than £598 £530 £570
UK excluding London average daily rate £450 £375 £325
% change year-on-year
+20.00% +15.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Average hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.00 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year
-10.00% -
JPA
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the Scotland region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
Scotland
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
608 608 799
As % of all contract IT jobs located in Scotland 20.37% 20.40% 30.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 343 338 479
Average daily rate £350 £375 £350
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
-6.66% +7.14%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £450 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £375 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 12 7
Average hourly rate £36.00 £40.00 £32.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-10.00% +25.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.15 £24.90 £18.74
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £38.50 £40.00 £78.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £37.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-5.40% +5.71%

JPA
Jobs Demand Trend in Scotland

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing JPA across the Scotland region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

JPA Jobs Demand Trend in Scotland

JPA
Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing JPA across the Scotland region.

JPA Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA across the Scotland region over the 3 months to 29 April 2016.

JPA Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

JPA
Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JPA across the Scotland region.

JPA Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Scotland region over the 3 months to 29 April 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +4 24 £450 +20.00%
JPA
UK

JPA
Top 30 Related IT Skills in Scotland

For the 6 months to 29 April 2016, IT contractor jobs across the Scotland region citing JPA also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited JPA.

1 58 (92.06%) Java
2 53 (84.13%) Hibernate
3 51 (80.95%) JBoss
4 50 (79.37%) Oracle
5 48 (76.19%) JSF
6 43 (68.25%) SOA
7 42 (66.67%) Use Case
8 41 (65.08%) Apache CXF
8 41 (65.08%) UML
9 39 (61.90%) OO
10 35 (55.56%) Data Modelling
11 34 (53.97%) BPMN
12 32 (50.79%) Drools
12 32 (50.79%) Relational Database
13 31 (49.21%) Logical Data Model
13 31 (49.21%) RichFaces
14 21 (33.33%) Oracle BPM
15 16 (25.40%) Spring
16 15 (23.81%) Web Services
17 14 (22.22%) Java EE
18 13 (20.63%) JUnit
19 11 (17.46%) SOAP
19 11 (17.46%) Continuous Integration
19 11 (17.46%) Jenkins
20 10 (15.87%) Oracle Database
20 10 (15.87%) Mentoring
21 9 (14.29%) Maven
21 9 (14.29%) Agile Software Development
21 9 (14.29%) Unit Testing
21 9 (14.29%) JDBC

JPA
Top Related IT Skills in Scotland by Category

For the 6 months to 29 April 2016, IT contractor jobs across the Scotland region citing JPA also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited JPA. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 51 (80.95%) JBoss
2 5 (7.94%) Apache
2 5 (7.94%) WebLogic
3 4 (6.35%) Oracle Workflow
4 3 (4.76%) Confluence
4 3 (4.76%) Tomcat
5 1 (1.59%) Captiva
5 1 (1.59%) WildFly
Applications
1 4 (6.35%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (33.33%) Oracle BPM
Communications & Networking
1 2 (3.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (50.79%) Relational Database
2 10 (15.87%) Oracle Database
3 6 (9.52%) RDBMS
4 5 (7.94%) SQL Server
5 3 (4.76%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (1.59%) MySQL
6 1 (1.59%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 13 (20.63%) JUnit
2 11 (17.46%) Jenkins
3 9 (14.29%) Maven
4 8 (12.70%) Eclipse
4 8 (12.70%) Subversion
5 6 (9.52%) Mockito
6 5 (7.94%) Cobertura
6 5 (7.94%) JBehave
7 3 (4.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 3 (4.76%) ClearCase
7 3 (4.76%) Git (software)
7 3 (4.76%) JIRA
7 3 (4.76%) jMock
7 3 (4.76%) NetBeans
8 2 (3.17%) Gradle
8 2 (3.17%) JProfiler
General
1 4 (6.35%) Banking
2 3 (4.76%) Finance
3 1 (1.59%) German Language
Job Titles
1 41 (65.08%) Architect
2 33 (52.38%) Solutions Architect
3 18 (28.57%) Developer
3 18 (28.57%) Java Developer
4 10 (15.87%) Java Architect
4 10 (15.87%) Java Solutions Architect
5 8 (12.70%) Senior Developer
5 8 (12.70%) Senior Java Developer
6 7 (11.11%) Applications Architect
7 6 (9.52%) Lead Architect
8 5 (7.94%) Lead Solutions Architect
9 4 (6.35%) Analyst
9 4 (6.35%) Business Analyst
9 4 (6.35%) Senior Architect
9 4 (6.35%) Senior Solutions Architect
9 4 (6.35%) SOA Architect
10 3 (4.76%) UML Analyst
10 3 (4.76%) UML Business Analyst
11 2 (3.17%) Agile Business Analyst
11 2 (3.17%) Java Applications Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (84.13%) Hibernate
2 48 (76.19%) JSF
3 41 (65.08%) Apache CXF
4 32 (50.79%) Drools
5 31 (49.21%) RichFaces
6 16 (25.40%) Spring
7 15 (23.81%) Web Services
8 14 (22.22%) Java EE
9 11 (17.46%) SOAP
10 9 (14.29%) JDBC
11 8 (12.70%) JSON
12 7 (11.11%) XML
13 6 (9.52%) Apache OpenJPA
13 6 (9.52%) JMS
14 5 (7.94%) REST
15 4 (6.35%) jBPM
15 4 (6.35%) jQuery
15 4 (6.35%) JSP
16 3 (4.76%) HTML
16 3 (4.76%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 2 (3.17%) Visualisation
2 1 (1.59%) Analytical Skills
2 1 (1.59%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 8 (12.70%) Linux
2 5 (7.94%) Unix
3 3 (4.76%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (68.25%) SOA
2 42 (66.67%) Use Case
3 41 (65.08%) UML
4 39 (61.90%) OO
5 35 (55.56%) Data Modelling
6 34 (53.97%) BPMN
7 31 (49.21%) Logical Data Model
8 11 (17.46%) Continuous Integration
9 10 (15.87%) Mentoring
10 9 (14.29%) Agile Software Development
10 9 (14.29%) Unit Testing
11 7 (11.11%) MVC
12 6 (9.52%) OOA/OOD
13 5 (7.94%) BDD
13 5 (7.94%) Continuous Delivery
13 5 (7.94%) Process Management
13 5 (7.94%) Workflow
14 4 (6.35%) Migration
14 4 (6.35%) Project Governance
14 4 (6.35%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 58 (92.06%) Java
2 5 (7.94%) SQL
3 4 (6.35%) JavaScript
3 4 (6.35%) PL/SQL
4 3 (4.76%) Bash Shell
4 3 (4.76%) Python
5 1 (1.59%) AspectJ
5 1 (1.59%) C++
5 1 (1.59%) VB
5 1 (1.59%) VB6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (3.17%) Disclosure Scotland
Systems Management
1 5 (7.94%) BladeLogic
2 3 (4.76%) Control-M
Vendors
1 50 (79.37%) Oracle
2 6 (9.52%) Red Hat
3 5 (7.94%) Microsoft
4 3 (4.76%) Sybase
5 1 (1.59%) Avaya
5 1 (1.59%) Cisco
5 1 (1.59%) hybris
5 1 (1.59%) SAP