The table below looks at the statistics for JPA skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 22 December 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
22 Dec 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Java Persistence API (JPA)
Rank 438 418 428
Rank change year-on-year
-20 +10
Contract jobs citing JPA 148 159 134
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.27% 0.31% 0.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.00% 1.11% 0.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 96 104 60
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£423 £450 £394
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
-5.90% +14.28%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £528
UK excluding London average daily rate £425 £301 £375
% change year-on-year
+41.43% -19.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Average hourly rate - £37.50 -
UK excluding London average hourly rate - £37.50 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14772 14272 13910
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.09% 27.70% 28.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 10119 9132 8723
Average daily rate £390 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.00% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 301 365
Average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £34.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+6.06% -2.94%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.50 £16.15 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £42.50 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% -2.94%

JPA
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing JPA within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

JPA Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Daily Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 22 December 2014.

JPA Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 22 December 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 138 £417 -7.29% 18
London -8 65 £400 -11.11% 8
East of England +8 22 £475 +23.37% 1
Essex +15 19 £475 +23.37% 1
South East -11 15 £368 +8.88% 1
Hampshire -6 12 £368 -
City of London -3 10 £400 -15.78% 3
Southampton - 10 £368 -
Yorkshire +1 9 £325 +8.33% 2
Scotland -1 9 £425 +6.25%
Edinburgh -12 9 £425 +6.25%
North West -6 8 £350 +7.69% 3
South West -31 6 £575 +91.66% 2
West Midlands - 5 £394 -
Cheshire +8 4 £400 +23.07% 2
Manchester -7 3 £325 -7.14% 1
Warwickshire - 3 £375 -
North Yorkshire - 3 £325 -
Gloucestershire -14 2 £400 -
East Sussex - 2 £275 -
Brighton - 2 £275 -
Chester +12 1 £350 +7.69% 2
Surrey -6 1 £400 +18.51%
Wales -20 1 £325 -16.66% 1
Somerset - 1 - -
Coventry - 1 £438 -
Devon - 1 - -
Exeter - 1 - -
Glasgow - - - -
Hitchin - - - -

JPA
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 December 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing JPA also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited JPA.

1 278 (99.29%) Java
2 209 (74.64%) Spring
3 198 (70.71%) Hibernate
4 140 (50.00%) Oracle
5 137 (48.93%) HTML
6 133 (47.50%) Agile Software Development
7 130 (46.43%) Web Services
8 127 (45.36%) SQL
9 123 (43.93%) XML
10 118 (42.14%) MVC
11 112 (40.00%) JavaScript
12 110 (39.29%) CSS
13 103 (36.79%) Maven
14 99 (35.36%) Spring MVC
15 96 (34.29%) Linux
16 93 (33.21%) REST
17 92 (32.86%) TDD
18 88 (31.43%) JBoss
19 85 (30.36%) J2EE
20 74 (26.43%) JUnit
21 71 (25.36%) JSP
21 71 (25.36%) Java EE
21 71 (25.36%) jQuery
22 67 (23.93%) JSON
23 65 (23.21%) MySQL
24 63 (22.50%) PL/SQL
24 63 (22.50%) Eclipse
25 61 (21.79%) Relational Database
26 60 (21.43%) UNIX
27 58 (20.71%) Scrum

JPA
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 22 December 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing JPA also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited JPA. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 88 (31.43%) JBoss
2 50 (17.86%) WebLogic
3 40 (14.29%) Apache
4 31 (11.07%) Tomcat
5 12 (4.29%) Oracle Application Server
6 10 (3.57%) GlassFish
6 10 (3.57%) Apache ServiceMix
7 8 (2.86%) WebSphere
8 6 (2.14%) Jetty
8 6 (2.14%) Mule
8 6 (2.14%) Apache Solr
8 6 (2.14%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (1.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
10 3 (1.07%) CMS
10 3 (1.07%) Confluence
11 2 (0.71%) Node.js
11 2 (0.71%) Liferay
11 2 (0.71%) WebSphere Process Server
11 2 (0.71%) MQSeries
Applications
1 2 (0.71%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (2.50%) Oracle BPM
1 7 (2.50%) Oracle Payables
2 5 (1.79%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 21 (7.50%) Amazon AWS
2 18 (6.43%) Amazon EC2
3 16 (5.71%) Amazon S3
4 6 (2.14%) GitHub
5 2 (0.71%) IaaS
5 2 (0.71%) PaaS
5 2 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 48 (17.14%) LDAP
2 23 (8.21%) HTTP
3 15 (5.36%) Internet
4 5 (1.79%) Firewall
5 4 (1.43%) HTTPS
6 3 (1.07%) SSH
6 3 (1.07%) DVB
7 2 (0.71%) DNS
7 2 (0.71%) Unified Communications
7 2 (0.71%) IPv4
7 2 (0.71%) IPv6
7 2 (0.71%) VoIP
7 2 (0.71%) FTP
8 1 (0.36%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.36%) SAN
8 1 (0.36%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (23.21%) MySQL
2 61 (21.79%) Relational Database
3 39 (13.93%) Oracle Database
4 38 (13.57%) MariaDB
5 18 (6.43%) MongoDB
6 17 (6.07%) RDBMS
7 13 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
8 12 (4.29%) DB2
8 12 (4.29%) Neo4j
9 11 (3.93%) SQL Server
10 10 (3.57%) NoSQL
11 7 (2.50%) Oracle Database 11g
12 6 (2.14%) Pentaho
12 6 (2.14%) Redis
13 5 (1.79%) Oracle Database 10g
13 5 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
14 4 (1.43%) Oracle Reports
14 4 (1.43%) OLTP
14 4 (1.43%) Hazelcast
14 4 (1.43%) TKPROF
Development Applications
1 103 (36.79%) Maven
2 74 (26.43%) JUnit
3 63 (22.50%) Eclipse
4 57 (20.36%) Jenkins
5 48 (17.14%) Git (software)
6 47 (16.79%) Subversion
7 36 (12.86%) Selenium
8 32 (11.43%) JIRA
9 24 (8.57%) Mockito
10 19 (6.79%) Redmine
11 18 (6.43%) Cucumber
12 15 (5.36%) Hudson
13 10 (3.57%) Mercurial
14 9 (3.21%) Ant
15 8 (2.86%) RSpec
15 8 (2.86%) SoapUI
16 7 (2.50%) JMeter
17 6 (2.14%) NetBeans
18 5 (1.79%) Checkstyle
18 5 (1.79%) JDeveloper
General
1 34 (12.14%) Finance
2 15 (5.36%) Banking
3 9 (3.21%) Investment Banking
4 6 (2.14%) Telecoms
4 6 (2.14%) Manufacturing
5 4 (1.43%) Pharmaceutical
5 4 (1.43%) Dutch Language
6 3 (1.07%) French Language
6 3 (1.07%) Back Office
6 3 (1.07%) Publishing
6 3 (1.07%) Games
7 1 (0.36%) Military
7 1 (0.36%) Front Office
7 1 (0.36%) Greek Language
7 1 (0.36%) Marketing
7 1 (0.36%) Legal
Job Titles
1 243 (86.79%) Developer
2 223 (79.64%) Java Developer
3 41 (14.64%) Senior Developer
4 37 (13.21%) Senior Java Developer
5 24 (8.57%) Java/J2EE Developer
6 23 (8.21%) Architect
7 10 (3.57%) Java Architect
8 9 (3.21%) J2EE Developer
9 8 (2.86%) Technical Architect
10 7 (2.50%) Lead Developer
10 7 (2.50%) C++ Developer
10 7 (2.50%) C++/Java Developer
10 7 (2.50%) Agile Java Developer
11 6 (2.14%) Designer
11 6 (2.14%) Software Architect
12 5 (1.79%) Lead Java Developer
12 5 (1.79%) Java Technical Architect
13 4 (1.43%) Java Web Developer
13 4 (1.43%) Mid-Level Java Developer
13 4 (1.43%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 209 (74.64%) Spring
2 198 (70.71%) Hibernate
3 137 (48.93%) HTML
4 130 (46.43%) Web Services
5 123 (43.93%) XML
6 110 (39.29%) CSS
7 99 (35.36%) Spring MVC
8 93 (33.21%) REST
9 85 (30.36%) J2EE
10 71 (25.36%) JSP
10 71 (25.36%) Java EE
10 71 (25.36%) jQuery
11 67 (23.93%) JSON
12 55 (19.64%) SOAP
13 52 (18.57%) JAAS
14 47 (16.79%) JMS
15 38 (13.57%) EJB
15 38 (13.57%) Ajax
16 35 (12.50%) Struts
17 34 (12.14%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 51 (18.21%) Enterprise Software
2 21 (7.50%) Open Source
3 15 (5.36%) Visualisation
4 12 (4.29%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (3.21%) W3C
6 6 (2.14%) Management Information System
6 6 (2.14%) Clustering
6 6 (2.14%) Mobile App
7 5 (1.79%) PKI
7 5 (1.79%) Smartcard
8 4 (1.43%) GIS
8 4 (1.43%) Replication
8 4 (1.43%) Computer Science
8 4 (1.43%) User Experience
9 3 (1.07%) Data Structures
9 3 (1.07%) Digital Media
9 3 (1.07%) Social Network
9 3 (1.07%) Credit Risk
9 3 (1.07%) Interactive TV
10 2 (0.71%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 96 (34.29%) Linux
2 60 (21.43%) UNIX
3 40 (14.29%) Mac OS X
4 13 (4.64%) CentOS
5 11 (3.93%) Windows
6 5 (1.79%) Ubuntu
7 4 (1.43%) VMS
8 2 (0.71%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.71%) VME
9 1 (0.36%) Android
9 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.36%) Solaris
9 1 (0.36%) Windows 2000
9 1 (0.36%) Windows XP
9 1 (0.36%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 133 (47.50%) Agile Software Development
2 118 (42.14%) MVC
3 92 (32.86%) TDD
4 58 (20.71%) Scrum
5 57 (20.36%) Web Development
6 44 (15.71%) Continuous Integration
7 35 (12.50%) OO
8 32 (11.43%) Configuration Management
9 27 (9.64%) SOA
10 26 (9.29%) UML
11 22 (7.86%) BDD
11 22 (7.86%) Responsive Web Design
11 22 (7.86%) Mentoring
12 20 (7.14%) Software Engineering
13 18 (6.43%) Web Design
14 16 (5.71%) Microservices
15 15 (5.36%) User Stories
16 14 (5.00%) Workflow
16 14 (5.00%) Software Testing
17 13 (4.64%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 278 (99.29%) Java
2 127 (45.36%) SQL
3 112 (40.00%) JavaScript
4 63 (22.50%) PL/SQL
5 11 (3.93%) C#
6 10 (3.57%) C++
6 10 (3.57%) Groovy
7 8 (2.86%) Bash Shell
8 7 (2.50%) C
9 6 (2.14%) PHP
9 6 (2.14%) Python
9 6 (2.14%) JPQL
10 4 (1.43%) XPath
11 3 (1.07%) Perl
12 2 (0.71%) COBOL
13 1 (0.36%) VB
13 1 (0.36%) ECMAScript
13 1 (0.36%) Ruby
13 1 (0.36%) Clojure
13 1 (0.36%) Scala
Qualifications
1 38 (13.57%) Security Cleared
2 24 (8.57%) DV Cleared
3 8 (2.86%) SC Cleared
4 5 (1.79%) Degree
5 2 (0.71%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.36%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.36%) OCP
6 1 (0.36%) OCA
6 1 (0.36%) Oracle Certification
6 1 (0.36%) OCAJ
6 1 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (8.21%) QA
2 4 (1.43%) Data Quality
System Software
1 16 (5.71%) VirtualBox
2 11 (3.93%) Docker
3 4 (1.43%) Oracle RMAN
3 4 (1.43%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.36%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 18 (6.43%) Vagrant
2 15 (5.36%) Puppet
3 6 (2.14%) OpenIDM
4 5 (1.79%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 4 (1.43%) Data Guard
6 2 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.71%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 140 (50.00%) Oracle
2 14 (5.00%) Red Hat
3 11 (3.93%) Canoo
4 9 (3.21%) IBM
5 7 (2.50%) Cisco
6 5 (1.79%) SAP
6 5 (1.79%) JD Edwards
6 5 (1.79%) Splunk
7 4 (1.43%) Axway
7 4 (1.43%) Atomikos
7 4 (1.43%) Sybase
8 3 (1.07%) VMware
8 3 (1.07%) Google
8 3 (1.07%) Twitter
9 2 (0.71%) Kony
9 2 (0.71%) ForgeRock
9 2 (0.71%) EnterpriseDB
9 2 (0.71%) Juniper
9 2 (0.71%) Yahoo!
10 1 (0.36%) Perforce
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