The table below looks at the statistics for JPA skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 3 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
3 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Java Persistence API (JPA)
Rank 477 491 471
Rank change year-on-year
+14 -20
Contract jobs citing JPA 170 149 159
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.31% 0.27% 0.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.11% 1.00% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 115 89 91
Median daily rate £450 £388 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+16.12% -13.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £330 £298 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £545 £450 £572
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £375 £325
% change year-on-year
+20.00% +15.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 0
Median hourly rate £36.00 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-10.00% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year
-10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15346 14936 15049
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.60% 26.76% 27.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 10732 9653 9838
Median daily rate £413 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.45% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £280 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £570 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £336
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +4.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 188 204 208
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £17.86 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.37 £47.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.50 £37.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-6.75% +5.71%

JPA
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing JPA as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

JPA Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Daily Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 3 May 2016.

JPA Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 3 May 2016.

JPA Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 3 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 140 £450 +16.12% 38
London +3 63 £450 +10.76% 16
Yorkshire +25 24 £450 +24.13% 2
West Yorkshire +31 22 £450 +24.13% 2
Leeds +15 22 £450 +24.13% 1
Edinburgh -4 19 £394 +5.00%
Scotland -27 19 £394 +5.00%
South East +4 18 £500 +53.84% 4
South West -14 13 £375 -6.25% 5
Bradford - 12 £450 -
South Wales - 10 - - 1
Wales - 10 - - 2
East Midlands +7 9 £319 +10.86% 1
Hampshire +7 9 £375 +13.91% 1
City of London +34 7 £550 +33.33% 2
Northamptonshire +12 7 £325 +13.04% 1
Gloucestershire -13 7 £375 -6.25% 4
Oxfordshire - 7 £513 -
Southampton +18 6 £349 +6.15%
Northampton - 6 £325 -
Cardiff - 6 - -
North West -2 5 £400 +3.22% 2
Oxford - 5 £513 -
Newport - 4 - -
Bristol +9 3 £400 -11.11%
Canary Wharf +4 3 £550 - 2
Essex -1 3 - -
Manchester -3 3 £400 +3.22% 1
East of England -8 3 - -
Wiltshire - 3 £330 - 1

JPA
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 3 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 350 (98.31%) Java
2 273 (76.69%) Spring
3 227 (63.76%) Hibernate
4 196 (55.06%) Oracle
5 167 (46.91%) Agile Software Development
6 150 (42.13%) Web Services
7 149 (41.85%) JavaScript
8 142 (39.89%) XML
9 134 (37.64%) Maven
10 123 (34.55%) SQL
11 117 (32.87%) JUnit
12 109 (30.62%) SOAP
13 107 (30.06%) HTML
14 104 (29.21%) Java EE
15 103 (28.93%) JSF
16 97 (27.25%) CSS
16 97 (27.25%) UML
17 96 (26.97%) TDD
18 94 (26.40%) JBoss
18 94 (26.40%) REST
19 88 (24.72%) J2EE
20 85 (23.88%) OO
21 81 (22.75%) Jenkins
22 79 (22.19%) Oracle Database
23 75 (21.07%) MVC
24 74 (20.79%) Relational Database
25 73 (20.51%) JMS
26 70 (19.66%) WebLogic
27 65 (18.26%) SOA
27 65 (18.26%) Git (software)

JPA
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (26.40%) JBoss
2 70 (19.66%) WebLogic
3 61 (17.13%) Tomcat
4 23 (6.46%) Apache
5 22 (6.18%) Node.js
5 22 (6.18%) WebSphere
6 18 (5.06%) GlassFish
7 15 (4.21%) Mule
7 15 (4.21%) Oracle Service Bus
8 12 (3.37%) WebSphere Application Server
9 11 (3.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 10 (2.81%) Oracle Application Server
10 10 (2.81%) WebLogic Portal
11 9 (2.53%) Confluence
11 9 (2.53%) Oracle Workflow
12 8 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
12 8 (2.25%) IIS
12 8 (2.25%) Liferay
13 7 (1.97%) Mule ESB
14 6 (1.69%) GeoServer
Applications
1 7 (1.97%) MS Excel
2 6 (1.69%) Gliffy
3 4 (1.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (5.90%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (2.53%) OpenText Process Suite
3 7 (1.97%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.56%) BigMachines
4 2 (0.56%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.56%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.28%) Global One
5 1 (0.28%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 10 (2.81%) Amazon AWS
2 7 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
2 7 (1.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 4 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
4 3 (0.84%) SaaS
5 1 (0.28%) Force.com
5 1 (0.28%) IaaS
5 1 (0.28%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.25%) HTTP
2 7 (1.97%) LDAP
3 4 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.84%) Internet
5 2 (0.56%) DVB
5 2 (0.56%) Firewall
5 2 (0.56%) SNMP
5 2 (0.56%) SSH
5 2 (0.56%) SSL
6 1 (0.28%) Asterisk PBX
6 1 (0.28%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (22.19%) Oracle Database
2 74 (20.79%) Relational Database
3 49 (13.76%) SQL Server
4 35 (9.83%) RDBMS
5 34 (9.55%) MySQL
6 30 (8.43%) Oracle Database 11g
7 29 (8.15%) MongoDB
8 26 (7.30%) NoSQL
9 16 (4.49%) Apache Cassandra
10 14 (3.93%) CouchDB
11 13 (3.65%) Oracle Database 12c
12 9 (2.53%) DB2
12 9 (2.53%) Hazelcast
12 9 (2.53%) PostgreSQL
13 6 (1.69%) BusinessObjects
13 6 (1.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 6 (1.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 3 (0.84%) Big Data
14 3 (0.84%) Oracle ODI
15 2 (0.56%) Redis
Development Applications
1 134 (37.64%) Maven
2 117 (32.87%) JUnit
3 81 (22.75%) Jenkins
4 65 (18.26%) Git (software)
5 61 (17.13%) Mockito
6 56 (15.73%) Eclipse
7 49 (13.76%) Subversion
8 39 (10.96%) Ant
9 37 (10.39%) JIRA
10 32 (8.99%) Selenium
11 19 (5.34%) Gradle
12 17 (4.78%) Cucumber
12 17 (4.78%) Hamcrest
13 16 (4.49%) Hudson
13 16 (4.49%) SoapUI
13 16 (4.49%) Toad
14 13 (3.65%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 13 (3.65%) JProfiler
15 11 (3.09%) Cobertura
15 11 (3.09%) JBehave
General
1 61 (17.13%) Finance
2 29 (8.15%) Banking
3 20 (5.62%) Marketing
4 11 (3.09%) Investment Banking
5 9 (2.53%) Manufacturing
5 9 (2.53%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.97%) Electronics
7 6 (1.69%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.12%) Legal
9 2 (0.56%) Automotive
9 2 (0.56%) Back Office
9 2 (0.56%) Dutch Language
9 2 (0.56%) French Language
9 2 (0.56%) Games
9 2 (0.56%) Law
9 2 (0.56%) Publishing
9 2 (0.56%) Spanish Language
10 1 (0.28%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.28%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 279 (78.37%) Developer
2 267 (75.00%) Java Developer
3 78 (21.91%) Senior Developer
3 78 (21.91%) Senior Java Developer
4 61 (17.13%) Architect
5 33 (9.27%) Solutions Architect
6 25 (7.02%) Java Architect
7 15 (4.21%) Integration Developer
8 13 (3.65%) J2EE Developer
8 13 (3.65%) Java Software Developer
8 13 (3.65%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 13 (3.65%) JavaScript Developer
8 13 (3.65%) Software Developer
9 12 (3.37%) Lead Developer
10 10 (2.81%) Agile Developer
10 10 (2.81%) Agile Java Developer
10 10 (2.81%) Java Solutions Architect
10 10 (2.81%) Senior Java Software Developer
10 10 (2.81%) Senior Software Developer
10 10 (2.81%) Software Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 273 (76.69%) Spring
2 227 (63.76%) Hibernate
3 150 (42.13%) Web Services
4 142 (39.89%) XML
5 109 (30.62%) SOAP
6 107 (30.06%) HTML
7 104 (29.21%) Java EE
8 103 (28.93%) JSF
9 97 (27.25%) CSS
10 94 (26.40%) REST
11 88 (24.72%) J2EE
12 73 (20.51%) JMS
13 62 (17.42%) RESTful
14 58 (16.29%) JSON
14 58 (16.29%) Spring MVC
15 57 (16.01%) jQuery
16 53 (14.89%) AngularJS
17 52 (14.61%) Apache CXF
18 51 (14.33%) Apache Camel
19 49 (13.76%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 20 (5.62%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (5.06%) Mobile App
3 10 (2.81%) Replication
4 7 (1.97%) User Experience
5 6 (1.69%) Clustering
5 6 (1.69%) Computer Science
6 5 (1.40%) Derivative
6 5 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
6 5 (1.40%) Equities
6 5 (1.40%) Fixed Income
6 5 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 5 (1.40%) Visualisation
7 4 (1.12%) VLE
8 3 (0.84%) Data Integration
9 2 (0.56%) DataPower
9 2 (0.56%) Inversion of Control
9 2 (0.56%) Life Science
9 2 (0.56%) Online Gambling
9 2 (0.56%) Social Media
9 2 (0.56%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 62 (17.42%) Linux
2 43 (12.08%) Unix
3 25 (7.02%) Windows
4 4 (1.12%) Apple iOS
4 4 (1.12%) Solaris
5 2 (0.56%) Android
5 2 (0.56%) Mac OS X
5 2 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.56%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.28%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 167 (46.91%) Agile Software Development
2 97 (27.25%) UML
3 96 (26.97%) TDD
4 85 (23.88%) OO
5 75 (21.07%) MVC
6 65 (18.26%) SOA
7 58 (16.29%) Continuous Integration
8 45 (12.64%) Use Case
9 40 (11.24%) BDD
9 40 (11.24%) BPMN
10 39 (10.96%) Scrum
11 38 (10.67%) Data Modelling
11 38 (10.67%) Unit Testing
12 33 (9.27%) SDLC
13 31 (8.71%) Logical Data Model
14 26 (7.30%) Microservices
15 24 (6.74%) High Availability
15 24 (6.74%) Software Engineering
16 23 (6.46%) Web Development
17 21 (5.90%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 350 (98.31%) Java
2 149 (41.85%) JavaScript
3 123 (34.55%) SQL
4 55 (15.45%) PL/SQL
5 24 (6.74%) Python
6 20 (5.62%) Shell Script
7 14 (3.93%) ECMAScript
7 14 (3.93%) ES6
8 13 (3.65%) Bash Shell
9 10 (2.81%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
10 9 (2.53%) Jython
11 8 (2.25%) T-SQL
12 7 (1.97%) C++
13 6 (1.69%) Scala
14 5 (1.40%) Groovy
14 5 (1.40%) PHP
15 4 (1.12%) C
16 3 (0.84%) Apex Code
16 3 (0.84%) Ruby
17 2 (0.56%) Perl
Qualifications
1 24 (6.74%) Security Cleared
2 13 (3.65%) DV Cleared
3 12 (3.37%) Degree
4 11 (3.09%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.84%) BC Cleared
5 3 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.09%) QA
2 2 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 3 (0.84%) Docker
Systems Management
1 11 (3.09%) BladeLogic
2 8 (2.25%) Control-M
3 2 (0.56%) Oracle Identity Manager
4 1 (0.28%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 196 (55.06%) Oracle
2 15 (4.21%) IBM
3 13 (3.65%) Adobe
3 13 (3.65%) Microsoft
4 10 (2.81%) Red Hat
4 10 (2.81%) Sybase
5 9 (2.53%) SAP
6 8 (2.25%) Talend
7 6 (1.69%) ILOG
7 6 (1.69%) Kofax
7 6 (1.69%) Splunk
8 4 (1.12%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.12%) Blackboard
8 4 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
9 2 (0.56%) Axway
9 2 (0.56%) Cisco
9 2 (0.56%) F5
9 2 (0.56%) Imperva
9 2 (0.56%) Informatica
9 2 (0.56%) Tableau
Sunderland, Tyne and Wear
Lorien Resourcing
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Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
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IQ Telecom
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Spectrum IT
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People Source Consulting
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