The table below looks at the statistics for JPA skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 21 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
21 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
Rank 444 448 471
Rank change year-on-year
+4 +23
Contract jobs citing JPA 139 180 136
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.32% 0.35% 0.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.02% 1.23% 0.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 102 114 77
Median daily rate £431 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.67% +5.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £314 £315 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £545 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £409 £415 £388
% change year-on-year
-1.50% +7.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
Median hourly rate £37.50 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 - £45.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13577 14679 13922
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 30.83% 28.89% 27.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 9317 10126 9393
Median daily rate £425 £400 £398
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +0.62%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £308 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 256 184
Median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+3.89% +10.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.50 £22.30 £20.93
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £55.55 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.50 £33.50
% change year-on-year
- +11.94%

JPA
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing JPA as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

JPA Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Daily Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 21 January 2017.

JPA Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 21 January 2017.

JPA Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 21 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 123 £438 +5.42% 35
London +12 44 £476 +5.66% 11
South East +10 27 £438 +4.79% 6
North West +38 13 £331 -
Scotland +4 13 £353 -23.78% 5
Edinburgh +3 13 £353 -21.66% 5
Gloucestershire +12 12 £420 +1.20% 7
South West +7 12 £420 +1.20% 8
Manchester +33 11 £313 -
Yorkshire +17 10 £420 +5.00% 2
West Yorkshire +24 9 £420 +5.00% 1
Leeds +5 9 £420 +5.00% 1
Oxfordshire +4 7 £450 -2.70% 2
East of England -1 7 £381 -5.86% 2
East Midlands -1 6 £463 +8.88% 4
Kent - 6 £388 -
Nottinghamshire +7 5 £475 +11.76% 3
City of London -5 5 £625 +13.63% 3
Berkshire +18 4 - - 1
Reading +14 4 - -
Hampshire +10 4 £338 +3.84% 1
Cambridgeshire +3 4 £388 +9.15% 1
Kidlington - 4 £438 -
Cambridge +4 3 £388 +9.15%
Essex 0 3 £375 -16.66% 1
Brentwood - 3 £375 -
Cheshire +22 2 £406 -
East Sussex +6 2 £363 +20.83% 1
Brighton +6 2 £363 +20.83% 1
West Sussex +6 2 £494 -

JPA
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 January 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 262 (97.76%) Java
2 201 (75.00%) Hibernate
2 201 (75.00%) Spring
3 155 (57.84%) Agile Software Development
4 138 (51.49%) Web Services
5 117 (43.66%) TDD
6 116 (43.28%) Oracle
7 109 (40.67%) JavaScript
8 108 (40.30%) REST
9 95 (35.45%) SQL
10 93 (34.70%) SOAP
10 93 (34.70%) Java EE
11 92 (34.33%) Continuous Integration
12 90 (33.58%) J2EE
13 88 (32.84%) Git (software)
14 87 (32.46%) HTML
14 87 (32.46%) JSON
15 86 (32.09%) JUnit
16 85 (31.72%) XML
17 76 (28.36%) Maven
18 75 (27.99%) OO
19 71 (26.49%) MVC
20 69 (25.75%) AngularJS
21 66 (24.63%) Jenkins
22 65 (24.25%) Finance
23 64 (23.88%) CSS
24 61 (22.76%) Scrum
25 60 (22.39%) JBoss
26 59 (22.01%) Linux
26 59 (22.01%) Spring Boot

JPA
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (22.39%) JBoss
2 44 (16.42%) Tomcat
3 36 (13.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 27 (10.07%) WebLogic
5 16 (5.97%) WebSphere
6 12 (4.48%) Mule
7 11 (4.10%) Elasticsearch
8 10 (3.73%) Jetty
9 9 (3.36%) Apache
10 8 (2.99%) Mule ESB
10 8 (2.99%) Oracle Coherence
11 7 (2.61%) GlassFish
12 6 (2.24%) Apache Spark
13 4 (1.49%) Oracle Spatial
13 4 (1.49%) WebSphere Application Server
14 3 (1.12%) Apache Solr
14 3 (1.12%) Confluence
14 3 (1.12%) WebLogic Integration
14 3 (1.12%) WebLogic Portal
14 3 (1.12%) WebSphere Process Server
Applications
1 1 (0.37%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 20 (7.46%) Oracle BPM
2 6 (2.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (1.49%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.37%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 18 (6.72%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (2.99%) Cloud Computing
2 8 (2.99%) IaaS
2 8 (2.99%) PaaS
3 5 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
3 5 (1.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
4 4 (1.49%) Microsoft Azure
5 3 (1.12%) OpenShift
6 2 (0.75%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.37%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.99%) HTTP
2 4 (1.49%) LDAP
3 3 (1.12%) SNMP
4 2 (0.75%) AMQP
4 2 (0.75%) Firewall
4 2 (0.75%) Network Security
5 1 (0.37%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.37%) SMTP
5 1 (0.37%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (16.04%) Relational Database
2 38 (14.18%) Oracle Database
3 34 (12.69%) MySQL
4 32 (11.94%) MongoDB
4 32 (11.94%) PostgreSQL
5 28 (10.45%) SQL Server
6 25 (9.33%) RDBMS
7 20 (7.46%) NoSQL
8 13 (4.85%) Oracle Database 11g
9 9 (3.36%) Apache Cassandra
9 9 (3.36%) DB2
9 9 (3.36%) Redis
10 8 (2.99%) Oracle Database 10g
11 7 (2.61%) Hadoop
12 6 (2.24%) GIS
12 6 (2.24%) SQLite
13 4 (1.49%) Hazelcast
14 3 (1.12%) Big Data
14 3 (1.12%) Endeca
14 3 (1.12%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 88 (32.84%) Git (software)
2 86 (32.09%) JUnit
3 76 (28.36%) Maven
4 66 (24.63%) Jenkins
5 46 (17.16%) Subversion
6 42 (15.67%) Eclipse
7 33 (12.31%) JIRA
8 27 (10.07%) Gradle
9 24 (8.96%) IntelliJ
10 23 (8.58%) Mockito
11 15 (5.60%) Hudson
11 15 (5.60%) SonarQube
12 14 (5.22%) JProfiler
13 12 (4.48%) Cucumber
14 10 (3.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 10 (3.73%) Mercurial
15 9 (3.36%) Build Forge
15 9 (3.36%) CruiseControl
16 8 (2.99%) GitLab
16 8 (2.99%) Selenium
General
1 65 (24.25%) Finance
2 38 (14.18%) Banking
3 9 (3.36%) Marketing
4 6 (2.24%) Electronics
4 6 (2.24%) Investment Banking
4 6 (2.24%) Manufacturing
4 6 (2.24%) Retail
4 6 (2.24%) Telecoms
5 5 (1.87%) Law
6 3 (1.12%) Back Office
6 3 (1.12%) Front Office
6 3 (1.12%) Games
6 3 (1.12%) Publishing
7 2 (0.75%) Advertising
7 2 (0.75%) Prime Brokerage
7 2 (0.75%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 239 (89.18%) Developer
2 206 (76.87%) Java Developer
3 38 (14.18%) Senior Developer
4 37 (13.81%) Senior Java Developer
5 17 (6.34%) Agile Developer
5 17 (6.34%) Agile Java Developer
6 13 (4.85%) Architect
6 13 (4.85%) Integration Developer
6 13 (4.85%) J2EE Developer
6 13 (4.85%) Java/J2EE Developer
7 8 (2.99%) Oracle Developer
8 7 (2.61%) .NET Developer
8 7 (2.61%) Full Stack Developer
8 7 (2.61%) JavaScript Developer
8 7 (2.61%) SQL Developer
9 6 (2.24%) Java Architect
9 6 (2.24%) PHP Developer
9 6 (2.24%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 6 (2.24%) Team Leader
10 5 (1.87%) Java Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (75.00%) Hibernate
1 201 (75.00%) Spring
2 138 (51.49%) Web Services
3 108 (40.30%) REST
4 93 (34.70%) Java EE
4 93 (34.70%) SOAP
5 90 (33.58%) J2EE
6 87 (32.46%) HTML
6 87 (32.46%) JSON
7 85 (31.72%) XML
8 69 (25.75%) AngularJS
9 64 (23.88%) CSS
10 59 (22.01%) Spring Boot
11 50 (18.66%) JMS
12 47 (17.54%) RESTful
13 43 (16.04%) jQuery
14 41 (15.30%) JSF
15 39 (14.55%) HTML5
16 36 (13.43%) Spring MVC
17 34 (12.69%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 20 (7.46%) Inversion of Control
2 17 (6.34%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (3.73%) Enterprise Software
4 8 (2.99%) Data Structures
4 8 (2.99%) NHS
5 6 (2.24%) Algorithms
5 6 (2.24%) Client/Server
5 6 (2.24%) Derivative
5 6 (2.24%) User Experience
6 5 (1.87%) Computer Science
7 4 (1.49%) Data Centre
7 4 (1.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 4 (1.49%) Mobile App
7 4 (1.49%) SWIFT
8 3 (1.12%) DataPower
9 2 (0.75%) Clustering
9 2 (0.75%) Hedge funds
9 2 (0.75%) Life Science
10 1 (0.37%) N-Tier
10 1 (0.37%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 59 (22.01%) Linux
2 34 (12.69%) Unix
3 6 (2.24%) Windows
4 2 (0.75%) Android
4 2 (0.75%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
5 1 (0.37%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 155 (57.84%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (43.66%) TDD
3 92 (34.33%) Continuous Integration
4 75 (27.99%) OO
5 71 (26.49%) MVC
6 61 (22.76%) Scrum
7 59 (22.01%) Unit Testing
8 49 (18.28%) SOA
9 42 (15.67%) BDD
10 34 (12.69%) Open Source
10 34 (12.69%) Software Engineering
11 33 (12.31%) Data Modelling
12 30 (11.19%) SDLC
13 27 (10.07%) UML
14 17 (6.34%) Mentoring
14 17 (6.34%) Microservices
14 17 (6.34%) Workflow
15 16 (5.97%) Integration Testing
16 15 (5.60%) Domain-Driven Design
16 15 (5.60%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 262 (97.76%) Java
2 109 (40.67%) JavaScript
3 95 (35.45%) SQL
4 30 (11.19%) PL/SQL
5 22 (8.21%) Python
6 11 (4.10%) Bash Shell
6 11 (4.10%) Shell Script
7 9 (3.36%) C
8 8 (2.99%) C#
8 8 (2.99%) Scala
9 7 (2.61%) PHP
10 5 (1.87%) Groovy
11 4 (1.49%) PowerShell
11 4 (1.49%) VBA
12 3 (1.12%) C++
12 3 (1.12%) ES6
12 3 (1.12%) Tcl
13 2 (0.75%) ECMAScript
13 2 (0.75%) Perl
13 2 (0.75%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 29 (10.82%) Security Cleared
2 13 (4.85%) SC Cleared
3 12 (4.48%) Degree
4 7 (2.61%) DV Cleared
5 4 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (1.12%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.61%) QA
2 4 (1.49%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 19 (7.09%) Docker
2 1 (0.37%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 4 (1.49%) Kubernetes
2 3 (1.12%) Ansible
2 3 (1.12%) Control-M
3 1 (0.37%) Business Desktop Deployment
3 1 (0.37%) MOM
3 1 (0.37%) Nagios
3 1 (0.37%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 116 (43.28%) Oracle
2 18 (6.72%) IBM
3 16 (5.97%) Red Hat
4 13 (4.85%) Perforce
5 9 (3.36%) TIBCO
6 7 (2.61%) Google
6 7 (2.61%) Talend
7 6 (2.24%) MuleSoft
7 6 (2.24%) SAP
7 6 (2.24%) Sybase
7 6 (2.24%) Zend
8 3 (1.12%) Kony
8 3 (1.12%) Splunk
9 2 (0.75%) Adobe
9 2 (0.75%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.75%) hybris
9 2 (0.75%) Yahoo!
10 1 (0.37%) ESRI
10 1 (0.37%) FatWire
10 1 (0.37%) Luciad
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