The table below looks at the statistics for JPA skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 28 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
28 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Java Persistence API (JPA)
Rank 515 514 460
Rank change year-on-year
-1 -54
Contract jobs citing JPA 141 135 138
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.26% 0.24% 0.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.93% 0.91% 0.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 96 91 89
Median daily rate £450 £380 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+18.42% -15.55%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £320 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £513 £500 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+20.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 0
Median hourly rate £36.00 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-10.00% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year
-10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15104 14912 14481
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.70% 27.01% 27.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 10701 9800 9630
Median daily rate £420 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.38% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £280 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 206 180
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £17.86 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.20 £47.88 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.90 £37.80 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-15.60% +8.00%

JPA
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing JPA as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

JPA Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Daily Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2016.

JPA Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JPA within the UK.

JPA Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

JPA
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2016.

JPA Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

JPA
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 122 £450 +19.20% 34
London +5 50 £438 +9.37% 13
Yorkshire +32 22 £450 +18.03% 2
West Yorkshire +21 21 £450 +18.03% 1
Leeds +16 21 £450 +18.03%
South East +8 16 £500 +53.84% 2
Scotland -33 14 £365 -2.66%
Edinburgh -3 13 £365 -2.66%
East Midlands +13 11 £325 -1.88% 1
Northamptonshire +8 11 £325 +13.04%
Bradford - 11 £450 -
South West -14 10 £375 -6.25% 6
Oxfordshire - 8 £513 - 1
Gloucestershire 0 7 £375 +2.73% 4
East of England +3 6 £450 +33.33% 2
Hampshire -1 6 £400 +23.07%
Northampton - 6 £325 -
Oxford - 5 £513 -
Newport - 4 - -
South Wales - 4 - - 1
Wales - 4 - - 1
Southampton +15 3 £349 +7.38%
Essex -6 3 - -
North East -44 3 - - 1
Tyne and Wear -51 3 - - 1
Sunderland - 3 - - 1
City of London +30 2 £375 -6.25% 3
Canary Wharf - 2 £550 -
Borehamwood - 2 £450 -
Swindon - 2 £353 -

JPA
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 338 (98.83%) Java
2 270 (78.95%) Spring
3 227 (66.37%) Hibernate
4 185 (54.09%) Oracle
5 175 (51.17%) Agile Software Development
6 156 (45.61%) Web Services
7 150 (43.86%) JavaScript
8 135 (39.47%) Maven
9 126 (36.84%) XML
10 118 (34.50%) SQL
11 116 (33.92%) JUnit
12 107 (31.29%) SOAP
13 101 (29.53%) HTML
13 101 (29.53%) REST
14 100 (29.24%) Java EE
15 99 (28.95%) TDD
16 98 (28.65%) CSS
17 93 (27.19%) JBoss
18 88 (25.73%) Jenkins
19 87 (25.44%) J2EE
20 82 (23.98%) Oracle Database
21 80 (23.39%) OO
21 80 (23.39%) UML
21 80 (23.39%) JSF
22 77 (22.51%) MVC
23 71 (20.76%) RESTful
24 69 (20.18%) JMS
24 69 (20.18%) WebLogic
25 66 (19.30%) Continuous Integration
26 65 (19.01%) Git (software)

JPA
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (27.19%) JBoss
2 69 (20.18%) WebLogic
3 56 (16.37%) Tomcat
4 25 (7.31%) Node.js
5 24 (7.02%) Apache
6 16 (4.68%) GlassFish
6 16 (4.68%) Mule
6 16 (4.68%) WebSphere
7 15 (4.39%) Oracle Service Bus
8 11 (3.22%) Oracle Application Server
8 11 (3.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 9 (2.63%) Confluence
9 9 (2.63%) IIS
9 9 (2.63%) Oracle Workflow
10 8 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
10 8 (2.34%) Liferay
10 8 (2.34%) Mule ESB
10 8 (2.34%) WebLogic Portal
11 7 (2.05%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (1.75%) LiveCycle
Applications
1 6 (1.75%) Gliffy
1 6 (1.75%) MS Excel
2 4 (1.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (3.80%) Oracle BPM
2 8 (2.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 7 (2.05%) OpenText Process Suite
4 3 (0.88%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.58%) BigMachines
5 2 (0.58%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.29%) Global One
6 1 (0.29%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 14 (4.09%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
2 8 (2.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 4 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
4 3 (0.88%) IaaS
4 3 (0.88%) PaaS
4 3 (0.88%) SaaS
5 2 (0.58%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.29%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.29%) Force.com
6 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.34%) HTTP
2 7 (2.05%) LDAP
3 5 (1.46%) TCP/IP
4 4 (1.17%) Internet
5 3 (0.88%) Firewall
6 2 (0.58%) SSL
7 1 (0.29%) BIG-IP
7 1 (0.29%) DVB
7 1 (0.29%) Intranet
7 1 (0.29%) NetScaler
7 1 (0.29%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 82 (23.98%) Oracle Database
2 61 (17.84%) Relational Database
3 59 (17.25%) SQL Server
4 36 (10.53%) MongoDB
4 36 (10.53%) MySQL
5 33 (9.65%) RDBMS
6 29 (8.48%) NoSQL
7 28 (8.19%) Oracle Database 11g
8 17 (4.97%) CouchDB
9 14 (4.09%) Apache Cassandra
10 13 (3.80%) Oracle Database 12c
11 11 (3.22%) Hazelcast
11 11 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
12 6 (1.75%) BusinessObjects
12 6 (1.75%) DB2
12 6 (1.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 6 (1.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 4 (1.17%) Big Data
14 3 (0.88%) Oracle ODI
14 3 (0.88%) Redis
Development Applications
1 135 (39.47%) Maven
2 116 (33.92%) JUnit
3 88 (25.73%) Jenkins
4 65 (19.01%) Git (software)
5 61 (17.84%) Mockito
6 55 (16.08%) Eclipse
7 52 (15.20%) Subversion
8 38 (11.11%) Ant
8 38 (11.11%) JIRA
9 36 (10.53%) Selenium
10 19 (5.56%) Gradle
11 18 (5.26%) Cucumber
12 17 (4.97%) Hudson
13 15 (4.39%) Hamcrest
14 14 (4.09%) SoapUI
15 13 (3.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 13 (3.80%) JProfiler
16 12 (3.51%) Cobertura
16 12 (3.51%) JBehave
16 12 (3.51%) Toad
General
1 52 (15.20%) Finance
2 23 (6.73%) Banking
2 23 (6.73%) Marketing
3 10 (2.92%) Manufacturing
4 9 (2.63%) Investment Banking
4 9 (2.63%) Telecoms
5 8 (2.34%) Electronics
6 6 (1.75%) Pharmaceutical
7 3 (0.88%) Legal
8 2 (0.58%) Automotive
8 2 (0.58%) Back Office
8 2 (0.58%) Dutch Language
8 2 (0.58%) French Language
8 2 (0.58%) Games
8 2 (0.58%) Law
8 2 (0.58%) Retail
9 1 (0.29%) Corporate Banking
9 1 (0.29%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.29%) German Language
9 1 (0.29%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 281 (82.16%) Developer
2 268 (78.36%) Java Developer
3 77 (22.51%) Senior Developer
3 77 (22.51%) Senior Java Developer
4 46 (13.45%) Architect
5 25 (7.31%) Solutions Architect
6 20 (5.85%) Java Architect
7 16 (4.68%) Integration Developer
8 13 (3.80%) Java Software Developer
8 13 (3.80%) JavaScript Developer
8 13 (3.80%) Software Developer
9 11 (3.22%) Lead Developer
9 11 (3.22%) Node.js Developer
10 10 (2.92%) Agile Developer
10 10 (2.92%) Agile Java Developer
10 10 (2.92%) Senior Java Software Developer
10 10 (2.92%) Senior Software Developer
11 9 (2.63%) J2EE Developer
11 9 (2.63%) Java/J2EE Developer
11 9 (2.63%) Software Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 270 (78.95%) Spring
2 227 (66.37%) Hibernate
3 156 (45.61%) Web Services
4 126 (36.84%) XML
5 107 (31.29%) SOAP
6 101 (29.53%) HTML
6 101 (29.53%) REST
7 100 (29.24%) Java EE
8 98 (28.65%) CSS
9 87 (25.44%) J2EE
10 80 (23.39%) JSF
11 71 (20.76%) RESTful
12 69 (20.18%) JMS
13 64 (18.71%) JSON
14 56 (16.37%) jQuery
15 55 (16.08%) AngularJS
16 53 (15.50%) Spring MVC
17 51 (14.91%) RabbitMQ
17 51 (14.91%) Spring Boot
18 46 (13.45%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 21 (6.14%) Mobile App
2 18 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
3 9 (2.63%) Replication
4 6 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
4 6 (1.75%) User Experience
5 5 (1.46%) Computer Science
5 5 (1.46%) Derivative
5 5 (1.46%) Equities
5 5 (1.46%) Fixed Income
5 5 (1.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (1.17%) Clustering
6 4 (1.17%) VLE
7 3 (0.88%) DataPower
7 3 (0.88%) Visualisation
8 2 (0.58%) Data Integration
8 2 (0.58%) Data Structures
8 2 (0.58%) Life Science
8 2 (0.58%) Online Gambling
8 2 (0.58%) Social Media
8 2 (0.58%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 65 (19.01%) Linux
2 34 (9.94%) Unix
3 27 (7.89%) Windows
4 5 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.17%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.88%) Solaris
6 3 (0.88%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.58%) Android
7 2 (0.58%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.29%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 175 (51.17%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (28.95%) TDD
3 80 (23.39%) OO
3 80 (23.39%) UML
4 77 (22.51%) MVC
5 66 (19.30%) Continuous Integration
6 61 (17.84%) SOA
7 46 (13.45%) BDD
8 43 (12.57%) Unit Testing
9 40 (11.70%) Scrum
10 35 (10.23%) Use Case
11 34 (9.94%) Data Modelling
12 31 (9.06%) SDLC
13 29 (8.48%) BPMN
14 28 (8.19%) Microservices
15 26 (7.60%) Open Source
15 26 (7.60%) Software Engineering
16 24 (7.02%) Web Development
17 23 (6.73%) Kanban
17 23 (6.73%) Logical Data Model
Programming Languages
1 338 (98.83%) Java
2 150 (43.86%) JavaScript
3 118 (34.50%) SQL
4 53 (15.50%) PL/SQL
5 20 (5.85%) Python
6 17 (4.97%) ECMAScript
6 17 (4.97%) ES6
6 17 (4.97%) Shell Script
7 12 (3.51%) Bash Shell
8 10 (2.92%) T-SQL
9 8 (2.34%) Scala
9 8 (2.34%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
10 7 (2.05%) Jython
11 6 (1.75%) Groovy
12 5 (1.46%) C++
12 5 (1.46%) PHP
13 4 (1.17%) C
13 4 (1.17%) VB
14 3 (0.88%) Apex Code
14 3 (0.88%) Perl
Qualifications
1 22 (6.43%) Security Cleared
2 13 (3.80%) DV Cleared
3 12 (3.51%) Degree
4 9 (2.63%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.88%) BC Cleared
5 3 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (0.88%) OCMJD
5 3 (0.88%) Sun Certification
6 2 (0.58%) CITP
6 2 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
7 1 (0.29%) HND
7 1 (0.29%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (3.51%) QA
2 2 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 7 (2.05%) Docker
Systems Management
1 12 (3.51%) BladeLogic
2 7 (2.05%) Control-M
3 1 (0.29%) Oracle Identity Management
3 1 (0.29%) Oracle Identity Manager
3 1 (0.29%) Puppet
Vendors
1 185 (54.09%) Oracle
2 17 (4.97%) Microsoft
3 13 (3.80%) Adobe
4 12 (3.51%) IBM
5 11 (3.22%) Red Hat
6 10 (2.92%) SAP
7 9 (2.63%) Sybase
8 8 (2.34%) Talend
9 6 (1.75%) ILOG
9 6 (1.75%) Kofax
9 6 (1.75%) Splunk
10 4 (1.17%) Atlassian
10 4 (1.17%) Blackboard
10 4 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.88%) Endeca
11 3 (0.88%) F5
11 3 (0.88%) Google
11 3 (0.88%) Imperva
11 3 (0.88%) Sun
12 2 (0.58%) Siebel
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