Period
to 19 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 116 84 115
Rank change year-on-year -32 +31 -61
Contract jobs citing Java 8 50 41 130
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.39% 2.33% 2.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.99% 4.85% 4.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 45 36 115
10th Percentile £487 £369 £425
25th Percentile £563 £496 £511
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £548 £575
Median % change year-on-year +14.16% -4.78% -
75th Percentile £750 £636 £644
90th Percentile £800 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £625 £550 £570
% change year-on-year +13.64% -3.51% +1.33%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,671 845 3,078
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 46.61% 48.12% 49.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,297 644 2,529
10th Percentile £403 £375 £400
25th Percentile £481 £437 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £675 £616 £625
90th Percentile £770 £688 £680
Central London median daily rate £599 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.05% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 7 16
10th Percentile £26.15 £22.90 £15.75
25th Percentile £32.00 £28.13 £21.00
Median hourly rate £36.50 £36.00 £21.25
Median % change year-on-year +1.39% +69.41% -3.41%
75th Percentile £61.56 £39.63 £39.84
90th Percentile £67.98 £46.60 £50.19
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £21.25
% change year-on-year -2.78% +69.41% -3.41%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the City of London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the City of London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 50 (100.00%) Java
2 32 (64.00%) Agile Software Development
3 31 (62.00%) Spring
3 31 (62.00%) Microservices
4 29 (58.00%) TDD
5 19 (38.00%) Spring Boot
6 16 (32.00%) Java 11
6 16 (32.00%) AWS
6 16 (32.00%) BDD
7 15 (30.00%) Pair Programming
8 14 (28.00%) Kafka
9 13 (26.00%) Finance
10 12 (24.00%) Banking
10 12 (24.00%) Git (software)
10 12 (24.00%) Docker
10 12 (24.00%) DevOps
11 11 (22.00%) JIRA
12 10 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
12 10 (20.00%) Maven
12 10 (20.00%) JUnit
13 9 (18.00%) Scrum
13 9 (18.00%) Jenkins
13 9 (18.00%) Continuous Deployment
14 8 (16.00%) Social Skills
14 8 (16.00%) Kubernetes
14 8 (16.00%) Multithreading
14 8 (16.00%) Azure
15 7 (14.00%) Investment Banking
15 7 (14.00%) GitHub
15 7 (14.00%) AngularJS

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (8.00%) Confluence
2 2 (4.00%) CMS
2 2 (4.00%) Headless CMS
2 2 (4.00%) Magnolia
3 1 (2.00%) Apache
3 1 (2.00%) Mule
3 1 (2.00%) Mule ESB
3 1 (2.00%) Red Hat Fuse
Cloud Services
1 16 (32.00%) AWS
2 8 (16.00%) Azure
3 7 (14.00%) GitHub
4 3 (6.00%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (6.00%) GCP
5 2 (4.00%) Amazon ECS
5 2 (4.00%) Amazon EKS
5 2 (4.00%) Amazon Kinesis
5 2 (4.00%) Amazon S3
5 2 (4.00%) Amazon SQS
5 2 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
5 2 (4.00%) Serverless
6 1 (2.00%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.00%) Internet
1 1 (2.00%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3 (6.00%) MySQL
1 3 (6.00%) Relational Database
2 2 (4.00%) Amazon Aurora
2 2 (4.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 2 (4.00%) Apache Cassandra
2 2 (4.00%) MongoDB
2 2 (4.00%) NoSQL
2 2 (4.00%) Oracle Database
3 1 (2.00%) CouchDB
3 1 (2.00%) Hadoop
3 1 (2.00%) Hazelcast
3 1 (2.00%) Redis
3 1 (2.00%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 12 (24.00%) Git (software)
2 11 (22.00%) JIRA
3 10 (20.00%) JUnit
3 10 (20.00%) Maven
4 9 (18.00%) Jenkins
5 4 (8.00%) Eclipse
5 4 (8.00%) IntelliJ
5 4 (8.00%) Mockito
6 3 (6.00%) Cucumber
7 2 (4.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (2.00%) Bitbucket
8 1 (2.00%) GitLab
8 1 (2.00%) jMock
8 1 (2.00%) NUnit
8 1 (2.00%) Selenium
8 1 (2.00%) Storybook
8 1 (2.00%) webpack
General
1 13 (26.00%) Finance
2 12 (24.00%) Banking
3 8 (16.00%) Social Skills
4 7 (14.00%) Investment Banking
5 6 (12.00%) Front Office
5 6 (12.00%) Retail
6 5 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
7 3 (6.00%) Legal
8 2 (4.00%) Manufacturing
9 1 (2.00%) Financial Institution
9 1 (2.00%) Public Sector
9 1 (2.00%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 40 (80.00%) Developer
2 39 (78.00%) Java Developer
3 4 (8.00%) AWS Developer
4 3 (6.00%) Electronic Trading Developer
4 3 (6.00%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
4 3 (6.00%) Senior Developer
4 3 (6.00%) Senior Java Developer
5 2 (4.00%) Architect
5 2 (4.00%) Investment Banking Java Developer
5 2 (4.00%) Java Engineer
6 1 (2.00%) Angular Developer
6 1 (2.00%) AWS Engineer
6 1 (2.00%) CMS Developer
6 1 (2.00%) Full Stack Developer
6 1 (2.00%) Java Architect
6 1 (2.00%) Java Solutions Architect
6 1 (2.00%) React Developer
6 1 (2.00%) Senior Architect
6 1 (2.00%) Senior Java Architect
6 1 (2.00%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (62.00%) Spring
2 19 (38.00%) Spring Boot
3 14 (28.00%) Kafka
4 7 (14.00%) AngularJS
5 6 (12.00%) REST
5 6 (12.00%) RESTful
6 5 (10.00%) Middleware
6 5 (10.00%) React
7 4 (8.00%) HTML
7 4 (8.00%) J2EE
7 4 (8.00%) JSON
7 4 (8.00%) RAML
7 4 (8.00%) Swagger
7 4 (8.00%) Web Services
8 3 (6.00%) Apache Camel
8 3 (6.00%) Hibernate
8 3 (6.00%) Ultra Messaging
9 2 (4.00%) ActiveMQ
9 2 (4.00%) CSS
9 2 (4.00%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 7 (14.00%) Self-Motivation
2 6 (12.00%) Algorithms
3 5 (10.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 4 (8.00%) Greenfield Project
4 4 (8.00%) User Experience
5 3 (6.00%) Data Structures
5 3 (6.00%) Fixed Income
5 3 (6.00%) Public Cloud
6 2 (4.00%) Derivative
6 2 (4.00%) Interest Rate Derivative
7 1 (2.00%) Clustering
7 1 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
7 1 (2.00%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2 (4.00%) Linux
2 1 (2.00%) Mac OS X
2 1 (2.00%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 32 (64.00%) Agile Software Development
2 31 (62.00%) Microservices
3 29 (58.00%) TDD
4 16 (32.00%) BDD
5 15 (30.00%) Pair Programming
6 12 (24.00%) DevOps
7 10 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
8 9 (18.00%) Continuous Deployment
8 9 (18.00%) Scrum
9 8 (16.00%) Multithreading
10 6 (12.00%) Clean Code
10 6 (12.00%) Full Stack Development
11 5 (10.00%) Test Automation
12 4 (8.00%) Continuous Delivery
12 4 (8.00%) Investment Management
12 4 (8.00%) OOP
12 4 (8.00%) Open Source
12 4 (8.00%) Refactoring
12 4 (8.00%) Smoke Testing
13 3 (6.00%) Market Making
Programming Languages
1 50 (100.00%) Java
2 16 (32.00%) Java 11
3 5 (10.00%) SQL
4 4 (8.00%) Bash Shell
4 4 (8.00%) Go
4 4 (8.00%) JavaScript
5 3 (6.00%) Kotlin
5 3 (6.00%) Scala
5 3 (6.00%) TypeScript
6 2 (4.00%) Groovy
7 1 (2.00%) Haskell
7 1 (2.00%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 3 (6.00%) SC Cleared
1 3 (6.00%) Security Cleared
2 1 (2.00%) BC Cleared
2 1 (2.00%) Degree
2 1 (2.00%) OCPJP
2 1 (2.00%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (6.00%) PMO
2 1 (2.00%) QA
System Software
1 12 (24.00%) Docker
Systems Management
1 8 (16.00%) Kubernetes
2 3 (6.00%) Ansible
3 2 (4.00%) Kibana
3 2 (4.00%) Marathon
3 2 (4.00%) Mesos
Vendors
1 5 (10.00%) Oracle
1 5 (10.00%) Solace
2 3 (6.00%) Perforce
3 2 (4.00%) Dynatrace
3 2 (4.00%) Google
3 2 (4.00%) New Relic
3 2 (4.00%) Splunk
4 1 (2.00%) hybris
4 1 (2.00%) MuleSoft
4 1 (2.00%) SAP
4 1 (2.00%) Sun