Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 78 100 77
Rank change year-on-year +22 -23 -22
Contract jobs citing Java 8 70 70 216
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.76% 1.84% 3.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.86% 3.75% 6.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 64 57 186
10th Percentile £448 £411 £463
25th Percentile £513 £463 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £606 £550 £575
Median % change year-on-year +10.23% -4.35% -
75th Percentile £675 £638 £638
90th Percentile £709 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £57.50 -
Central London median hourly rate - £57.50 -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,195 1,867 3,413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 47.18% 49.00% 50.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 900 1,477 2,767
10th Percentile £363 £380 £400
25th Percentile £450 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £638 £625 £619
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 13 18
10th Percentile £15.55 £24.50 £15.84
25th Percentile £17.86 £26.75 "
Median hourly rate £23.45 £47.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -50.63% +126.19% -2.33%
75th Percentile £31.21 £53.00 £37.50
90th Percentile £34.84 £57.30 £43.20
Central London median hourly rate £21.73 £43.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -49.48% +104.76% -2.33%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the City of London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the City of London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 68 (97.14%) Java
2 50 (71.43%) Spring
3 43 (61.43%) Microservices
4 41 (58.57%) Agile Software Development
5 27 (38.57%) Spring Boot
6 21 (30.00%) Kubernetes
6 21 (30.00%) Kafka
6 21 (30.00%) Banking
7 20 (28.57%) TDD
8 19 (27.14%) AWS
8 19 (27.14%) REST
9 18 (25.71%) AngularJS
9 18 (25.71%) Docker
9 18 (25.71%) Finance
10 17 (24.29%) JavaScript
10 17 (24.29%) Oracle
10 17 (24.29%) Jenkins
11 16 (22.86%) Continuous Integration
12 15 (21.43%) BDD
12 15 (21.43%) DevOps
13 13 (18.57%) Multithreading
13 13 (18.57%) Git (software)
14 11 (15.71%) Scrum
14 11 (15.71%) Performance Tuning
15 10 (14.29%) React
15 10 (14.29%) HTML
15 10 (14.29%) Azure
15 10 (14.29%) Open Source
15 10 (14.29%) Maven
16 9 (12.86%) Software Engineering

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (10.00%) Apache
1 7 (10.00%) Red Hat Fuse
2 4 (5.71%) Elasticsearch
2 4 (5.71%) Oracle Coherence
3 3 (4.29%) Camunda
4 2 (2.86%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (1.43%) Jupyter
Cloud Services
1 19 (27.14%) AWS
2 10 (14.29%) Azure
3 7 (10.00%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (4.29%) GitHub
5 2 (2.86%) Azure Stack
5 2 (2.86%) GCP
5 2 (2.86%) OpenShift
6 1 (1.43%) Apigee
6 1 (1.43%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 7 (10.00%) Internet
2 2 (2.86%) DNS
2 2 (2.86%) FTP
2 2 (2.86%) HTTP
2 2 (2.86%) SSL
2 2 (2.86%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (11.43%) Relational Database
2 4 (5.71%) Hazelcast
2 4 (5.71%) MongoDB
2 4 (5.71%) PostgreSQL
2 4 (5.71%) Redis
3 3 (4.29%) SQL Server
4 2 (2.86%) Oracle Database
5 1 (1.43%) Apache Hive
5 1 (1.43%) Cloud Spanner
5 1 (1.43%) MySQL
5 1 (1.43%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 17 (24.29%) Jenkins
2 13 (18.57%) Git (software)
3 10 (14.29%) Maven
4 5 (7.14%) JUnit
5 4 (5.71%) Cucumber
5 4 (5.71%) JIRA
6 3 (4.29%) Bitbucket
6 3 (4.29%) Eclipse
6 3 (4.29%) Gatling
6 3 (4.29%) GitLab
6 3 (4.29%) Gradle
6 3 (4.29%) IntelliJ
6 3 (4.29%) Selenium
6 3 (4.29%) TeamCity
7 2 (2.86%) Geb
7 2 (2.86%) jMock
7 2 (2.86%) Mockito
7 2 (2.86%) NUnit
7 2 (2.86%) Spock
8 1 (1.43%) Mocha
General
1 21 (30.00%) Banking
2 18 (25.71%) Finance
3 8 (11.43%) Investment Banking
4 5 (7.14%) Financial Institution
4 5 (7.14%) Front Office
5 4 (5.71%) Retail
6 2 (2.86%) Advertising
6 2 (2.86%) Back Office
7 1 (1.43%) Games
7 1 (1.43%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 56 (80.00%) Developer
2 52 (74.29%) Java Developer
3 7 (10.00%) Architect
3 7 (10.00%) Java Architect
3 7 (10.00%) Java Solutions Architect
3 7 (10.00%) Solutions Architect
4 6 (8.57%) Oracle Developer
5 5 (7.14%) Senior Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Electronic Trading Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Full Stack Developer
6 4 (5.71%) Senior Java Developer
7 3 (4.29%) AWS Developer
7 3 (4.29%) Investment Banking Java Developer
7 3 (4.29%) Java Engineer
8 2 (2.86%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 2 (2.86%) Senior Architect
8 2 (2.86%) Senior Java Architect
8 2 (2.86%) Senior Solutions Architect
8 2 (2.86%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (71.43%) Spring
2 27 (38.57%) Spring Boot
3 21 (30.00%) Kafka
4 19 (27.14%) REST
5 18 (25.71%) AngularJS
6 10 (14.29%) HTML
6 10 (14.29%) React
7 9 (12.86%) Apache Camel
7 9 (12.86%) HTML5
7 9 (12.86%) JDBC
7 9 (12.86%) JMS
7 9 (12.86%) Middleware
7 9 (12.86%) RESTful
8 8 (11.43%) Hibernate
8 8 (11.43%) jQuery
9 7 (10.00%) Ajax
9 7 (10.00%) GWT
9 7 (10.00%) JSF
9 7 (10.00%) OSGi
10 4 (5.71%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 7 (10.00%) Clustering
1 7 (10.00%) Enterprise Software
1 7 (10.00%) Public Cloud
2 6 (8.57%) Algorithms
2 6 (8.57%) Data Structures
3 5 (7.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 5 (7.14%) Self-Motivation
4 4 (5.71%) Analytical Skills
4 4 (5.71%) User Experience
5 2 (2.86%) Credit Risk
5 2 (2.86%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.43%) Equities
6 1 (1.43%) Fixed Income
6 1 (1.43%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (1.43%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 9 (12.86%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (61.43%) Microservices
2 41 (58.57%) Agile Software Development
3 20 (28.57%) TDD
4 16 (22.86%) Continuous Integration
5 15 (21.43%) BDD
5 15 (21.43%) DevOps
6 13 (18.57%) Multithreading
7 11 (15.71%) Performance Tuning
7 11 (15.71%) Scrum
8 10 (14.29%) Open Source
9 9 (12.86%) OO
9 9 (12.86%) Software Engineering
10 7 (10.00%) Capacity Planning
10 7 (10.00%) Continuous Improvement
10 7 (10.00%) Extreme Programming
10 7 (10.00%) High Availability
10 7 (10.00%) Root Cause Analysis
10 7 (10.00%) RUP
10 7 (10.00%) Scalability Testing
10 7 (10.00%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 68 (97.14%) Java
2 17 (24.29%) JavaScript
3 9 (12.86%) SQL
4 7 (10.00%) PL/SQL
4 7 (10.00%) Scala
5 6 (8.57%) TypeScript
6 5 (7.14%) Kotlin
7 4 (5.71%) Go
7 4 (5.71%) Haskell
8 2 (2.86%) Bash Shell
8 2 (2.86%) ES6
9 1 (1.43%) Groovy
9 1 (1.43%) Python
Qualifications
1 8 (11.43%) SC Cleared
1 8 (11.43%) Security Cleared
2 4 (5.71%) Computer Science Degree
2 4 (5.71%) Degree
3 1 (1.43%) BC Cleared
3 1 (1.43%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (2.86%) QA
System Software
1 18 (25.71%) Docker
Systems Management
1 21 (30.00%) Kubernetes
2 2 (2.86%) Docker Swarm
2 2 (2.86%) Terraform
3 1 (1.43%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 17 (24.29%) Oracle
2 3 (4.29%) MuleSoft
2 3 (4.29%) Solace
3 2 (2.86%) Microsoft
4 1 (1.43%) AppDynamics
4 1 (1.43%) Confluent
4 1 (1.43%) PeopleSoft
4 1 (1.43%) Splunk
4 1 (1.43%) Sybase
4 1 (1.43%) Workday