Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
Central London > City of London
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 64 122 54
Rank change year-on-year +58 -68 +18
Contract jobs citing Java 8 48 113 301
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.66% 1.90% 4.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.44% 3.76% 7.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 40 105 286
Median daily rate £538 £575 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.52% - +1.77%
10th Percentile £331 £463 £438
90th Percentile £675 £688 £713
Central London median daily rate £550 £575 £556
% change year-on-year -4.35% +3.37% +1.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 882 3,007 3,808
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.84% 50.63% 54.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 634 2,451 3,181
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £357 £400 £375
90th Percentile £698 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 11 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £29.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.46% +50.84% +37.42%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.17 £17.70
90th Percentile £39.40 £55.50 £52.95
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year - +59.09% -4.32%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the City of London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in the City of London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in the City of London over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in the City of London

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 45 (93.75%) Java
2 30 (62.50%) Microservices
3 29 (60.42%) Spring
4 28 (58.33%) Agile Software Development
5 20 (41.67%) TDD
6 18 (37.50%) Kafka
7 16 (33.33%) Spring Boot
8 14 (29.17%) Azure
8 14 (29.17%) BDD
9 13 (27.08%) AWS
9 13 (27.08%) Kubernetes
10 12 (25.00%) REST
10 12 (25.00%) Scrum
10 12 (25.00%) Finance
11 11 (22.92%) Maven
11 11 (22.92%) Jenkins
12 10 (20.83%) AngularJS
12 10 (20.83%) Docker
12 10 (20.83%) Continuous Integration
12 10 (20.83%) Open Source
12 10 (20.83%) JMS
13 9 (18.75%) Oracle
13 9 (18.75%) Web Services
13 9 (18.75%) Banking
13 9 (18.75%) Investment Management
14 8 (16.67%) Linux
14 8 (16.67%) Apache Camel
14 8 (16.67%) Relational Database
15 7 (14.58%) DevOps
15 7 (14.58%) HTML

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (8.33%) Apache
1 4 (8.33%) Red Hat Fuse
2 3 (6.25%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (2.08%) Confluence
3 1 (2.08%) Jupyter
3 1 (2.08%) Mule
3 1 (2.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
Business Applications
1 1 (2.08%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 14 (29.17%) Azure
2 13 (27.08%) AWS
3 5 (10.42%) Amazon EC2
4 2 (4.17%) GitHub
5 1 (2.08%) Amazon ECS
5 1 (2.08%) Apigee
5 1 (2.08%) AWS Fargate
5 1 (2.08%) GCP
5 1 (2.08%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 6 (12.50%) Internet
2 4 (8.33%) HTTP
3 2 (4.17%) DSL
4 1 (2.08%) DNS
4 1 (2.08%) FTP
4 1 (2.08%) SSL
4 1 (2.08%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (16.67%) Relational Database
2 5 (10.42%) Apache Cassandra
3 4 (8.33%) Data Warehouse
3 4 (8.33%) Oracle Database
3 4 (8.33%) Oracle Database 11g
4 3 (6.25%) MongoDB
4 3 (6.25%) RDBMS
4 3 (6.25%) SQL Server
5 2 (4.17%) Big Data
5 2 (4.17%) MySQL
5 2 (4.17%) NoSQL
5 2 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (2.08%) Apache Hive
6 1 (2.08%) Cloud Spanner
6 1 (2.08%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 11 (22.92%) Jenkins
1 11 (22.92%) Maven
2 5 (10.42%) Gradle
2 5 (10.42%) JUnit
3 4 (8.33%) Git (software)
4 3 (6.25%) Cucumber
4 3 (6.25%) Mockito
4 3 (6.25%) Selenium
5 2 (4.17%) Gatling
5 2 (4.17%) Hudson
6 1 (2.08%) Geb
6 1 (2.08%) GitLab
6 1 (2.08%) IntelliJ
6 1 (2.08%) JIRA
6 1 (2.08%) JMeter
6 1 (2.08%) Mocha
6 1 (2.08%) PyUnit
6 1 (2.08%) Spock
6 1 (2.08%) TeamCity
6 1 (2.08%) TestNG
General
1 12 (25.00%) Finance
2 9 (18.75%) Banking
3 4 (8.33%) Front Office
3 4 (8.33%) Public Sector
4 2 (4.17%) Financial Institution
4 2 (4.17%) Retail
5 1 (2.08%) French Language
Job Titles
1 40 (83.33%) Developer
2 32 (66.67%) Java Developer
3 5 (10.42%) Applications Developer
3 5 (10.42%) Java Engineer
4 4 (8.33%) AWS Developer
4 4 (8.33%) Backend Developer
4 4 (8.33%) Full Stack Developer
5 3 (6.25%) Azure Developer
5 3 (6.25%) Data Engineer
5 3 (6.25%) Java Applications Developer
6 2 (4.17%) Angular Developer
6 2 (4.17%) Architect
6 2 (4.17%) Big Data Developer
6 2 (4.17%) Development Engineer
6 2 (4.17%) Java Architect
6 2 (4.17%) PL/SQL Developer
6 2 (4.17%) QA Engineer
6 2 (4.17%) SQL Developer
7 1 (2.08%) Java Solutions Architect
7 1 (2.08%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (60.42%) Spring
2 18 (37.50%) Kafka
3 16 (33.33%) Spring Boot
4 12 (25.00%) REST
5 10 (20.83%) AngularJS
5 10 (20.83%) JMS
6 9 (18.75%) Web Services
7 8 (16.67%) Apache Camel
8 7 (14.58%) HTML
8 7 (14.58%) RESTful
9 6 (12.50%) Hibernate
9 6 (12.50%) HTML5
10 4 (8.33%) Ajax
10 4 (8.33%) GWT
10 4 (8.33%) JDBC
10 4 (8.33%) jQuery
10 4 (8.33%) JSF
10 4 (8.33%) OSGi
11 3 (6.25%) Middleware
12 2 (4.17%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 5 (10.42%) Public Cloud
2 4 (8.33%) Clustering
2 4 (8.33%) Enterprise Software
3 3 (6.25%) Hedge funds
4 2 (4.17%) Derivative
4 2 (4.17%) Fixed Income
4 2 (4.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 1 (2.08%) Algorithms
5 1 (2.08%) Analytical Skills
5 1 (2.08%) CCTV
5 1 (2.08%) Data Structures
5 1 (2.08%) Equities
5 1 (2.08%) FMCG
5 1 (2.08%) Greenfield Project
5 1 (2.08%) Interest Rate Derivative
Operating Systems
1 8 (16.67%) Linux
2 1 (2.08%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (62.50%) Microservices
2 28 (58.33%) Agile Software Development
3 20 (41.67%) TDD
4 14 (29.17%) BDD
5 12 (25.00%) Scrum
6 10 (20.83%) Continuous Integration
6 10 (20.83%) Open Source
7 9 (18.75%) Investment Management
8 7 (14.58%) DevOps
8 7 (14.58%) Pair Programming
9 6 (12.50%) Software Engineering
10 5 (10.42%) OO
10 5 (10.42%) Unit Testing
10 5 (10.42%) Web Development
11 4 (8.33%) Data Architecture
11 4 (8.33%) Dimensional Modelling
11 4 (8.33%) Multithreading
11 4 (8.33%) OOP
11 4 (8.33%) Performance Tuning
11 4 (8.33%) Scalability Testing
Programming Languages
1 45 (93.75%) Java
2 6 (12.50%) JavaScript
3 5 (10.42%) Python
3 5 (10.42%) Scala
3 5 (10.42%) SQL
4 4 (8.33%) PL/SQL
5 3 (6.25%) TypeScript
6 1 (2.08%) Go
Qualifications
1 2 (4.17%) Degree
2 1 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (8.33%) MiFID
1 4 (8.33%) QA
System Software
1 10 (20.83%) Docker
Systems Management
1 13 (27.08%) Kubernetes
2 2 (4.17%) Rundeck
2 2 (4.17%) Terraform
3 1 (2.08%) Docker Swarm
3 1 (2.08%) Kibana
3 1 (2.08%) logstash
Vendors
1 9 (18.75%) Oracle
2 3 (6.25%) Databricks
3 1 (2.08%) Atlassian
3 1 (2.08%) Confluent
3 1 (2.08%) Dynatrace
3 1 (2.08%) ION Trading
3 1 (2.08%) MuleSoft
3 1 (2.08%) Splunk
3 1 (2.08%) Sybase