Period
to 22 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 6 7
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,339 1,054 1,107
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 19.31% 16.93% 16.73%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.83% 33.70% 35.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,148 890 984
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £416 £406 £364
90th Percentile £725 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 - -
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,636 3,128 3,159
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.42% 50.26% 47.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,058 2,534 2,656
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £328 £313
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
% change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 7 12
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.15% +9.02% +7.30%
10th Percentile £12.75 £16.65 £18.50
90th Percentile £48.25 £39.70 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £26.00
% change year-on-year -24.15% +9.02% +7.30%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 11 £550 -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 568 (42.42%) Agile Software Development
2 453 (33.83%) Finance
3 350 (26.14%) Banking
4 314 (23.45%) TDD
5 311 (23.23%) Java 8
6 299 (22.33%) JavaScript
7 271 (20.24%) Spring
8 260 (19.42%) REST
9 250 (18.67%) Python
10 242 (18.07%) Amazon AWS
11 225 (16.80%) SQL
12 210 (15.68%) Microservices
13 203 (15.16%) Web Services
14 195 (14.56%) Linux
15 191 (14.26%) DevOps
16 188 (14.04%) HTML
17 185 (13.82%) Jenkins
18 181 (13.52%) Git (software)
19 171 (12.77%) Docker
20 168 (12.55%) Scala
21 167 (12.47%) AngularJS
22 153 (11.43%) Maven
23 149 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
24 147 (10.98%) Front Office
25 146 (10.90%) Node.js
26 145 (10.83%) BDD
27 144 (10.75%) Multithreading
28 143 (10.68%) Scrum
29 142 (10.60%) RESTful
30 141 (10.53%) Unix

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (6.42%) Apache Spark
2 79 (5.90%) Apache
3 67 (5.00%) Elasticsearch
4 54 (4.03%) Tomcat
5 48 (3.58%) WebSphere
6 40 (2.99%) Confluence
7 30 (2.24%) Cloud Foundry
8 21 (1.57%) JBoss
9 15 (1.12%) MQSeries
9 15 (1.12%) WebLogic
10 14 (1.05%) Apache Solr
11 12 (0.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 12 (0.90%) Apache Pig
12 11 (0.82%) Oracle Coherence
13 10 (0.75%) SharePoint
14 9 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 9 (0.67%) SAS
15 8 (0.60%) Jetty
15 8 (0.60%) OpenStack
16 7 (0.52%) CMS
Applications
1 17 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 5 (0.37%) OmniGraffle
3 1 (0.075%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.075%) HipChat
3 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.075%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.075%) SPSS
3 1 (0.075%) Stata
Business Applications
1 23 (1.72%) ION MarketView
2 10 (0.75%) Payment Gateway
3 9 (0.67%) Actimize
4 5 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.30%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.30%) R3 Corda
6 3 (0.22%) Kondor
6 3 (0.22%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.15%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.15%) PeopleSoft HRMS
8 1 (0.075%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.075%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.075%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 242 (18.07%) Amazon AWS
2 64 (4.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (2.24%) Amazon S3
4 29 (2.17%) Heroku
5 28 (2.09%) GitHub
6 27 (2.02%) Google Cloud Platform
7 24 (1.79%) PaaS
8 23 (1.72%) Serverless
9 21 (1.57%) AWS Lambda
10 18 (1.34%) Amazon EC2
11 16 (1.19%) npm
12 15 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (0.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 12 (0.90%) IaaS
14 12 (0.90%) Route 53
15 11 (0.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 10 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
16 10 (0.75%) CloudFront
17 9 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
18 8 (0.60%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 78 (5.83%) HTTP
2 43 (3.21%) TCP/IP
3 39 (2.91%) FTP
4 38 (2.84%) SSL
5 35 (2.61%) DNS
6 12 (0.90%) Firewall
7 7 (0.52%) Internet
8 5 (0.37%) Kerberos
9 4 (0.30%) AMQP
9 4 (0.30%) DHCP
9 4 (0.30%) FIX Connectivity
9 4 (0.30%) SMS
9 4 (0.30%) WAN
10 3 (0.22%) ICMP
10 3 (0.22%) Network Security
10 3 (0.22%) SNMP
10 3 (0.22%) X.509
11 2 (0.15%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.15%) LAN
11 2 (0.15%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 132 (9.86%) NoSQL
2 123 (9.19%) Big Data
3 113 (8.44%) Relational Database
4 96 (7.17%) Hadoop
5 90 (6.72%) MongoDB
6 81 (6.05%) SQL Server
7 65 (4.85%) PostgreSQL
8 52 (3.88%) Apache Hive
9 46 (3.44%) Apache Cassandra
9 46 (3.44%) MySQL
10 32 (2.39%) RDBMS
11 29 (2.17%) Redis
12 26 (1.94%) Blockchain
13 25 (1.87%) KDB
14 23 (1.72%) HBase
15 20 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
16 15 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (1.05%) Oracle Database
18 12 (0.90%) Hazelcast
19 11 (0.82%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 185 (13.82%) Jenkins
2 181 (13.52%) Git (software)
3 153 (11.43%) Maven
4 98 (7.32%) JUnit
5 73 (5.45%) JIRA
6 65 (4.85%) Cucumber
7 64 (4.78%) Selenium
8 61 (4.56%) Gradle
9 41 (3.06%) Mockito
10 31 (2.32%) GitLab
10 31 (2.32%) TestNG
11 30 (2.24%) TeamCity
12 28 (2.09%) Eclipse
13 27 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
14 20 (1.49%) gulp
15 19 (1.42%) Appium
16 18 (1.34%) WebDriver
17 16 (1.19%) Gatling
17 16 (1.19%) Spock
18 15 (1.12%) Subversion
General
1 453 (33.83%) Finance
2 350 (26.14%) Banking
3 147 (10.98%) Front Office
4 125 (9.34%) Investment Banking
5 50 (3.73%) Financial Institution
6 41 (3.06%) Retail
7 39 (2.91%) Games
8 38 (2.84%) Telecoms
9 24 (1.79%) Advertising
10 23 (1.72%) Back Office
11 19 (1.42%) Publishing
11 19 (1.42%) Retail Banking
12 18 (1.34%) Legal
12 18 (1.34%) Marketing
13 8 (0.60%) Law
14 3 (0.22%) Digital Economy
14 3 (0.22%) Electronics
14 3 (0.22%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.22%) Private Banking
15 2 (0.15%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 872 (65.12%) Developer
2 635 (47.42%) Java Developer
3 205 (15.31%) Senior Developer
4 167 (12.47%) Senior Java Developer
5 73 (5.45%) Java Engineer
6 61 (4.56%) Architect
7 57 (4.26%) Web Developer
8 54 (4.03%) Full Stack Developer
9 53 (3.96%) Java Web Developer
10 52 (3.88%) DevOps Engineer
11 47 (3.51%) Scala Developer
12 41 (3.06%) Agile Developer
12 41 (3.06%) React Developer
13 39 (2.91%) Big Data Engineer
13 39 (2.91%) Data Engineer
13 39 (2.91%) Front Office Developer
14 37 (2.76%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 36 (2.69%) Analyst
16 35 (2.61%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
16 35 (2.61%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 271 (20.24%) Spring
2 260 (19.42%) REST
3 203 (15.16%) Web Services
4 188 (14.04%) HTML
5 167 (12.47%) AngularJS
6 146 (10.90%) Node.js
7 142 (10.60%) RESTful
8 126 (9.41%) SOAP
9 118 (8.81%) React
10 110 (8.22%) Kafka
11 98 (7.32%) CSS
12 97 (7.24%) HTML5
13 91 (6.80%) XML
14 82 (6.12%) Spring Boot
15 79 (5.90%) JSON
16 76 (5.68%) Hibernate
17 73 (5.45%) .NET
18 70 (5.23%) FIX Protocol
19 66 (4.93%) J2EE
20 62 (4.63%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 86 (6.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 74 (5.53%) Fintech
3 73 (5.45%) Greenfield Project
4 67 (5.00%) Derivative
5 60 (4.48%) Algorithms
6 54 (4.03%) Fixed Income
7 49 (3.66%) Mobile App
8 48 (3.58%) Analytical Skills
9 38 (2.84%) Equity Derivative
10 35 (2.61%) Computer Science
10 35 (2.61%) Equities
11 30 (2.24%) Hedge funds
12 27 (2.02%) Credit Risk
13 26 (1.94%) User Experience
14 22 (1.64%) iPad
15 20 (1.49%) Data Structures
16 18 (1.34%) Public Cloud
17 13 (0.97%) Cloud Native
18 12 (0.90%) Data Centre
19 11 (0.82%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 195 (14.56%) Linux
2 141 (10.53%) Unix
3 54 (4.03%) Android
4 47 (3.51%) Apple iOS
5 39 (2.91%) Windows
6 25 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.75%) Mac OS X
7 10 (0.75%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.67%) Solaris
9 8 (0.60%) CentOS
9 8 (0.60%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.37%) AIX
11 3 (0.22%) CoreOS
11 3 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.15%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.075%) Debian
13 1 (0.075%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.075%) OS/2
13 1 (0.075%) VMS
13 1 (0.075%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 568 (42.42%) Agile Software Development
2 314 (23.45%) TDD
3 210 (15.68%) Microservices
4 191 (14.26%) DevOps
5 149 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
6 145 (10.83%) BDD
7 144 (10.75%) Multithreading
8 143 (10.68%) Scrum
9 134 (10.01%) Test Automation
10 131 (9.78%) Low Latency
11 117 (8.74%) Electronic Trading
12 114 (8.51%) Software Engineering
13 111 (8.29%) E-Commerce
14 80 (5.97%) Web Development
15 76 (5.68%) Problem-Solving
16 71 (5.30%) OO
16 71 (5.30%) Open Source
17 70 (5.23%) Pair Programming
18 66 (4.93%) Continuous Delivery
18 66 (4.93%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 311 (23.23%) Java 8
2 299 (22.33%) JavaScript
3 250 (18.67%) Python
4 225 (16.80%) SQL
5 168 (12.55%) Scala
6 92 (6.87%) C#
7 84 (6.27%) Ruby
8 59 (4.41%) Groovy
9 55 (4.11%) Bash Shell
10 53 (3.96%) Kotlin
11 49 (3.66%) C++
12 40 (2.99%) ES6
13 38 (2.84%) TypeScript
14 32 (2.39%) Shell Script
15 31 (2.32%) Clojure
16 30 (2.24%) R
17 26 (1.94%) Go
18 24 (1.79%) Perl
19 23 (1.72%) XPath
20 20 (1.49%) PHP
Qualifications
1 49 (3.66%) Degree
2 21 (1.57%) Security Cleared
3 17 (1.27%) SC Cleared
4 14 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.90%) AWS Certification
6 11 (0.82%) Siebel Certification
7 7 (0.52%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.45%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.45%) PhD
9 5 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.30%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.22%) A+ Certification
11 3 (0.22%) HP ASE
11 3 (0.22%) ISEB
11 3 (0.22%) MBA
12 2 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.15%) CISSP
12 2 (0.15%) OSCP
12 2 (0.15%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (5.23%) QA
2 7 (0.52%) MiFID
3 6 (0.45%) GCP
4 5 (0.37%) SEPA
5 4 (0.30%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.22%) GDPR
6 3 (0.22%) ISO 8583
6 3 (0.22%) PSD2
7 2 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.15%) EMIR
7 2 (0.15%) HL7
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.15%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) WCAG
8 1 (0.075%) PMO
System Software
1 171 (12.77%) Docker
2 19 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.34%) HDFS
4 7 (0.52%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.30%) vSphere
6 3 (0.22%) Firmware
6 3 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.15%) Xen
8 1 (0.075%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.075%) KVM
8 1 (0.075%) NFS
8 1 (0.075%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.075%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.075%) SRDF
8 1 (0.075%) Varnish
8 1 (0.075%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 76 (5.68%) Kubernetes
2 68 (5.08%) Ansible
3 50 (3.73%) Puppet
4 39 (2.91%) Opscode Chef
4 39 (2.91%) Terraform
5 30 (2.24%) Docker Swarm
6 21 (1.57%) Kibana
7 17 (1.27%) Mesos
8 16 (1.19%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.97%) Grafana
9 13 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
10 12 (0.90%) logstash
11 8 (0.60%) Marathon
12 6 (0.45%) Oozie
12 6 (0.45%) PingFederate
13 5 (0.37%) Consul
13 5 (0.37%) Control-M
13 5 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.22%) Thomson Reuters DACS
14 3 (0.22%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 115 (8.59%) Oracle
2 44 (3.29%) IBM
3 42 (3.14%) Sybase
4 41 (3.06%) Google
5 30 (2.24%) Microsoft
5 30 (2.24%) Splunk
5 30 (2.24%) TIBCO
6 23 (1.72%) ION Trading
7 19 (1.42%) Apigee
7 19 (1.42%) Red Hat
8 18 (1.34%) Atlassian
9 17 (1.27%) AppDynamics
10 16 (1.19%) Cloudera
11 15 (1.12%) Adobe
12 13 (0.97%) MuleSoft
12 13 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
13 12 (0.90%) Hortonworks
13 12 (0.90%) Reuters
13 12 (0.90%) ServiceNow
14 11 (0.82%) Siebel