Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 5 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 335 984 1,296
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 15.04% 15.15% 18.63%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.40% 30.55% 34.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 255 836 1,106
Median daily rate £563 £575 £563
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +2.22% +2.27%
10th Percentile £413 £438 £413
90th Percentile £733 £700 £725
Central London median daily rate £553 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +0.45% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 8
Median hourly rate £55.00 - £21.50
10th Percentile £35.00 - £12.50
90th Percentile £59.75 - £35.48
Central London median hourly rate £45.00 £70.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year -35.71% +225.58% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,102 3,221 3,728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.46% 49.58% 53.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 805 2,620 3,097
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £406 £368
90th Percentile £688 £675 £700
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 24 18
Median hourly rate £36.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +62.79% -6.49%
10th Percentile £25.35 £21.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £57.30 £56.50 £64.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -18.61%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +17 4 £588 +17.50%
London Bridge +32 1 - -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 148 (44.18%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (24.78%) Microservices
3 82 (24.48%) Finance
4 81 (24.18%) TDD
5 72 (21.49%) Banking
6 71 (21.19%) AWS
7 68 (20.30%) Python
8 65 (19.40%) Spring
9 60 (17.91%) Kubernetes
10 59 (17.61%) JavaScript
11 58 (17.31%) DevOps
12 57 (17.01%) SQL
13 56 (16.72%) Front Office
14 55 (16.42%) Docker
15 53 (15.82%) Test Automation
16 51 (15.22%) Git (software)
16 51 (15.22%) Scrum
17 48 (14.33%) Azure
18 44 (13.13%) Multithreading
19 42 (12.54%) Fixed Income
20 41 (12.24%) Linux
20 41 (12.24%) Continuous Integration
21 40 (11.94%) Java 8
22 38 (11.34%) GCP
22 38 (11.34%) BDD
23 36 (10.75%) Apache Spark
23 36 (10.75%) Kotlin
24 35 (10.45%) Kafka
24 35 (10.45%) Electronic Trading
25 34 (10.15%) Jenkins

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (10.75%) Apache Spark
2 12 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (2.99%) Apache
4 9 (2.69%) Confluence
5 5 (1.49%) WebLogic
6 4 (1.19%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
7 3 (0.90%) JBoss
7 3 (0.90%) SAS
7 3 (0.90%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.60%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.60%) Appian
8 2 (0.60%) nginx
8 2 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.60%) Tornado
8 2 (0.60%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 1 (0.30%) CICS
9 1 (0.30%) Mule
Applications
1 6 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.49%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.30%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 2 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 2 (0.60%) SunGard Martini
2 1 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.30%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 71 (21.19%) AWS
2 48 (14.33%) Azure
3 38 (11.34%) GCP
4 19 (5.67%) GitHub
5 9 (2.69%) Power Platform
6 8 (2.39%) Amazon ECS
6 8 (2.39%) Serverless
7 7 (2.09%) SaaS
8 4 (1.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 4 (1.19%) Apigee
8 4 (1.19%) AWS CloudFormation
8 4 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (1.19%) PaaS
9 3 (0.90%) Amazon Kinesis
9 3 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.90%) Datadog
9 3 (0.90%) OpenShift
10 2 (0.60%) Amazon EKS
10 2 (0.60%) npm
10 2 (0.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.69%) SSL
2 8 (2.39%) HTTPS
3 4 (1.19%) HTTP
4 3 (0.90%) DNS
5 2 (0.60%) DSL
5 2 (0.60%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.30%) AMQP
6 1 (0.30%) Firewall
6 1 (0.30%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.30%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (8.66%) NoSQL
2 26 (7.76%) SQL Server
3 24 (7.16%) Big Data
4 16 (4.78%) Hadoop
4 16 (4.78%) MySQL
5 15 (4.48%) MongoDB
6 13 (3.88%) Relational Database
7 12 (3.58%) PostgreSQL
8 9 (2.69%) Power BI
9 8 (2.39%) RDBMS
10 7 (2.09%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
12 5 (1.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 4 (1.19%) Amazon Redshift
13 4 (1.19%) Oracle Database
14 3 (0.90%) Azure SQL Database
14 3 (0.90%) Data Lake
14 3 (0.90%) Redis
14 3 (0.90%) SAS EBI
14 3 (0.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 51 (15.22%) Git (software)
2 34 (10.15%) Jenkins
3 26 (7.76%) Maven
4 20 (5.97%) JUnit
5 18 (5.37%) JIRA
6 15 (4.48%) Selenium
7 14 (4.18%) Cucumber
8 12 (3.58%) GitLab
9 11 (3.28%) Gradle
9 11 (3.28%) TeamCity
10 9 (2.69%) Sonatype Nexus
11 8 (2.39%) Android Studio
11 8 (2.39%) Ant
11 8 (2.39%) Robot Framework
12 6 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 6 (1.79%) Mockito
13 5 (1.49%) Artifactory
13 5 (1.49%) Bitbucket
13 5 (1.49%) JMeter
13 5 (1.49%) Subversion
General
1 82 (24.48%) Finance
2 72 (21.49%) Banking
3 56 (16.72%) Front Office
4 27 (8.06%) Investment Banking
5 12 (3.58%) Retail
6 10 (2.99%) Public Sector
7 8 (2.39%) Financial Institution
8 6 (1.79%) Law
9 4 (1.19%) Police
10 3 (0.90%) Marketing
11 2 (0.60%) Automotive
11 2 (0.60%) Back Office
11 2 (0.60%) French Language
12 1 (0.30%) Advertising
12 1 (0.30%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.30%) Games
12 1 (0.30%) Legal
12 1 (0.30%) Local Government
12 1 (0.30%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 213 (63.58%) Developer
2 141 (42.09%) Java Developer
3 30 (8.96%) DevOps Engineer
4 22 (6.57%) Full Stack Developer
5 21 (6.27%) Senior Developer
6 15 (4.48%) Agile Developer
6 15 (4.48%) Agile Java Developer
6 15 (4.48%) AWS Developer
6 15 (4.48%) Electronic Trading Developer
6 15 (4.48%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
7 14 (4.18%) Android Developer
8 12 (3.58%) Java Engineer
8 12 (3.58%) Senior Java Developer
9 11 (3.28%) Architect
10 10 (2.99%) Scala Developer
10 10 (2.99%) Software Engineer
11 9 (2.69%) AWS Engineer
11 9 (2.69%) Consultant
12 8 (2.39%) Front Office Developer
12 8 (2.39%) Low Latency Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (19.40%) Spring
2 35 (10.45%) Kafka
3 33 (9.85%) Spring Boot
4 31 (9.25%) REST
5 30 (8.96%) React
5 30 (8.96%) RESTful
6 28 (8.36%) HTML
7 26 (7.76%) Web Services
8 23 (6.87%) AngularJS
9 21 (6.27%) Node.js
10 18 (5.37%) HTML5
11 16 (4.78%) .NET
11 16 (4.78%) CSS
12 12 (3.58%) Hibernate
12 12 (3.58%) RxJava
13 11 (3.28%) FIX Protocol
13 11 (3.28%) Spring Security
14 9 (2.69%) Middleware
15 8 (2.39%) Guice
15 8 (2.39%) JAAS
Miscellaneous
1 42 (12.54%) Fixed Income
2 32 (9.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 20 (5.97%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (5.67%) Greenfield Project
5 18 (5.37%) Enterprise Software
6 16 (4.78%) Derivative
7 14 (4.18%) User Experience
8 12 (3.58%) Mobile App
9 11 (3.28%) Data Structures
10 10 (2.99%) Market Risk
11 7 (2.09%) Credit Risk
12 6 (1.79%) Algorithms
12 6 (1.79%) Hedge funds
13 5 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
14 4 (1.19%) iPad
15 3 (0.90%) Cloud Native
15 3 (0.90%) Management Information System
15 3 (0.90%) Mobile Payment
15 3 (0.90%) Video on Demand
16 2 (0.60%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 41 (12.24%) Linux
2 22 (6.57%) Android
2 22 (6.57%) Unix
3 10 (2.99%) Windows
4 6 (1.79%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.60%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.30%) AIX
6 1 (0.30%) CentOS
6 1 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.30%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
6 1 (0.30%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 148 (44.18%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (24.78%) Microservices
3 81 (24.18%) TDD
4 58 (17.31%) DevOps
5 53 (15.82%) Test Automation
6 51 (15.22%) Scrum
7 44 (13.13%) Multithreading
8 41 (12.24%) Continuous Integration
9 38 (11.34%) BDD
10 35 (10.45%) Electronic Trading
11 33 (9.85%) OO
12 29 (8.66%) Software Engineering
13 26 (7.76%) SDLC
14 23 (6.87%) OOD
15 21 (6.27%) Low Latency
16 19 (5.67%) Computer Science
16 19 (5.67%) Problem-Solving
17 18 (5.37%) Continuous Delivery
18 17 (5.07%) Analytics
18 17 (5.07%) Android Development
Programming Languages
1 68 (20.30%) Python
2 59 (17.61%) JavaScript
3 57 (17.01%) SQL
4 40 (11.94%) Java 8
5 36 (10.75%) Kotlin
6 32 (9.55%) C#
6 32 (9.55%) Scala
7 16 (4.78%) C++
8 13 (3.88%) Go
9 12 (3.58%) Bash Shell
10 10 (2.99%) C
11 8 (2.39%) Ruby
11 8 (2.39%) Shell Script
11 8 (2.39%) TypeScript
12 7 (2.09%) Groovy
12 7 (2.09%) PowerShell
12 7 (2.09%) R
13 5 (1.49%) Perl
14 4 (1.19%) PHP
14 4 (1.19%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 23 (6.87%) Degree
2 18 (5.37%) Security Cleared
3 9 (2.69%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.09%) ISTQB
4 7 (2.09%) Numerate Degree
5 5 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (1.19%) ISEB
7 3 (0.90%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.90%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.30%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.30%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (6.27%) QA
2 2 (0.60%) WCAG
3 1 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
3 1 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.30%) GDPR
3 1 (0.30%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 1 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.30%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.30%) PSD2
3 1 (0.30%) SLA
System Software
1 55 (16.42%) Docker
2 7 (2.09%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.90%) HDFS
4 2 (0.60%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.60%) zsh
5 1 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.30%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.30%) OpenDJ
5 1 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 60 (17.91%) Kubernetes
2 27 (8.06%) Terraform
3 23 (6.87%) Ansible
4 10 (2.99%) Puppet
5 5 (1.49%) Grafana
5 5 (1.49%) Kibana
5 5 (1.49%) Prometheus
6 4 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.90%) logstash
7 3 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.90%) Zipkin
8 2 (0.60%) Istio
8 2 (0.60%) Salt
9 1 (0.30%) Consul
9 1 (0.30%) Control-M
9 1 (0.30%) Nagios
9 1 (0.30%) Oozie
9 1 (0.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 1 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
9 1 (0.30%) Packer
Vendors
1 33 (9.85%) Oracle
2 19 (5.67%) Google
3 17 (5.07%) Microsoft
4 9 (2.69%) Databricks
5 7 (2.09%) Splunk
6 6 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
6 6 (1.79%) Tableau
7 5 (1.49%) Sybase
8 4 (1.19%) Cloudera
9 3 (0.90%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.90%) CA
9 3 (0.90%) HP
9 3 (0.90%) IBM
9 3 (0.90%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.90%) Remedy
9 3 (0.90%) SAP
10 2 (0.60%) CA Agile Central
10 2 (0.60%) FIS
10 2 (0.60%) Hortonworks
10 2 (0.60%) Informatica