Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 7 7
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 1404 1090 1313
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 19.83% 16.24% 14.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.74% 32.12% 30.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1184 956 1113
City of London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.52% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £363
90th Percentile £725 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 15
City of London median hourly rate - £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +20.00% -
Central London median hourly rate - £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +20.00% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3720 3393 4306
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.54% 50.57% 46.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 3090 2857 3611
City of London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £663
Central London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +6.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 10 20
City of London median hourly rate £22.99 £27.50 £26.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.39% +5.42% +30.43%
10th Percentile £15.12 £16.06 £15.69
90th Percentile £39.10 £55.19 £43.29
Central London median hourly rate £24.49 £27.50 £26.09
% change year-on-year -10.96% +5.42% +30.43%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +6 5 £550 +10.00%
Moorgate - 2 - -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 636 (45.30%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (39.67%) Finance
3 506 (36.04%) Banking
4 361 (25.71%) TDD
5 348 (24.79%) JavaScript
6 292 (20.80%) SQL
7 262 (18.66%) Spring
8 247 (17.59%) Front Office
9 240 (17.09%) DevOps
10 233 (16.60%) HTML
10 233 (16.60%) Python
11 216 (15.38%) Linux
12 215 (15.31%) Test Automation
13 205 (14.60%) REST
13 205 (14.60%) Web Services
14 198 (14.10%) Amazon AWS
15 197 (14.03%) Multithreading
16 191 (13.60%) AngularJS
17 185 (13.18%) BDD
18 176 (12.54%) Jenkins
19 175 (12.46%) Investment Banking
20 172 (12.25%) Continuous Integration
21 170 (12.11%) Scrum
22 166 (11.82%) Git (software)
23 165 (11.75%) Low Latency
24 158 (11.25%) Oracle
25 157 (11.18%) Electronic Trading
26 156 (11.11%) HTML5
27 155 (11.04%) SDLC
28 153 (10.90%) Big Data

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (8.26%) Apache Spark
2 91 (6.48%) Apache
3 56 (3.99%) Tomcat
4 47 (3.35%) Elasticsearch
5 39 (2.78%) Confluence
6 34 (2.42%) JBoss
7 23 (1.64%) WebSphere
8 15 (1.07%) Mule
9 13 (0.93%) nginx
10 12 (0.85%) Apache Pig
10 12 (0.85%) Jetty
11 10 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 10 (0.71%) Apache Solr
11 10 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
12 8 (0.57%) GemFire
12 8 (0.57%) IIS
12 8 (0.57%) OpenStack
12 8 (0.57%) WebLogic
13 7 (0.50%) Oracle Coherence
13 7 (0.50%) WildFly
Applications
1 7 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.36%) OmniGraffle
3 4 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.071%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 29 (2.07%) ION MarketView
2 7 (0.50%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.36%) Actimize
3 5 (0.36%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (0.36%) R3 Corda
4 4 (0.28%) Kondor
4 4 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.14%) OpenText MBPM
5 2 (0.14%) OpenText Process Suite
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.14%) RMDS
6 1 (0.071%) Bloomberg TOMS
6 1 (0.071%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.071%) IntelliMatch
6 1 (0.071%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 198 (14.10%) Amazon AWS
2 51 (3.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 35 (2.49%) GitHub
4 22 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
5 18 (1.28%) Bluemix
5 18 (1.28%) IBM Cloud
6 15 (1.07%) npm
6 15 (1.07%) PaaS
7 14 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (0.93%) Amazon EC2
9 12 (0.85%) IaaS
10 11 (0.78%) Amazon S3
11 10 (0.71%) Heroku
12 9 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
12 9 (0.64%) OpenShift
13 8 (0.57%) Force.com
14 7 (0.50%) Route 53
15 6 (0.43%) SaaS
15 6 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 5 (0.36%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 45 (3.21%) HTTP
2 29 (2.07%) TCP/IP
3 18 (1.28%) Firewall
4 14 (1.00%) SSL
5 11 (0.78%) DNS
6 9 (0.64%) FTP
7 8 (0.57%) FIX Connectivity
7 8 (0.57%) Internet
8 7 (0.50%) Network Security
9 6 (0.43%) HTTPS
9 6 (0.43%) LDAP
10 5 (0.36%) LAN
11 4 (0.28%) BIG-IP
11 4 (0.28%) Kerberos
12 3 (0.21%) DSL
13 2 (0.14%) IPsec
13 2 (0.14%) SMS
13 2 (0.14%) SSH
13 2 (0.14%) VPN
13 2 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (10.90%) Big Data
2 136 (9.69%) Relational Database
3 117 (8.33%) Hadoop
4 108 (7.69%) NoSQL
5 106 (7.55%) SQL Server
6 103 (7.34%) MongoDB
7 97 (6.91%) RDBMS
8 76 (5.41%) Apache Hive
9 59 (4.20%) HBase
9 59 (4.20%) PostgreSQL
10 55 (3.92%) Apache Cassandra
11 54 (3.85%) MySQL
12 45 (3.21%) KDB
13 30 (2.14%) Impala
14 25 (1.78%) Oracle Database
15 23 (1.64%) Sqoop
16 20 (1.42%) Data Warehouse
17 15 (1.07%) Oracle ODI
18 13 (0.93%) Redis
19 12 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 176 (12.54%) Jenkins
2 166 (11.82%) Git (software)
3 120 (8.55%) Maven
4 117 (8.33%) JIRA
5 79 (5.63%) Cucumber
6 68 (4.84%) Selenium
7 64 (4.56%) TeamCity
8 49 (3.49%) JUnit
9 46 (3.28%) Subversion
10 39 (2.78%) Gradle
11 34 (2.42%) gulp
11 34 (2.42%) WebDriver
12 30 (2.14%) Grunt
13 29 (2.07%) IntelliJ
14 25 (1.78%) Mockito
15 19 (1.35%) Appium
16 18 (1.28%) Ant
17 15 (1.07%) SonarQube
17 15 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
18 14 (1.00%) webpack
General
1 557 (39.67%) Finance
2 506 (36.04%) Banking
3 247 (17.59%) Front Office
4 175 (12.46%) Investment Banking
5 50 (3.56%) Games
6 45 (3.21%) Telecoms
7 43 (3.06%) Financial Institution
8 37 (2.64%) Retail
9 24 (1.71%) Legal
10 19 (1.35%) Law
11 15 (1.07%) Back Office
11 15 (1.07%) Manufacturing
12 13 (0.93%) Publishing
12 13 (0.93%) Retail Banking
13 12 (0.85%) Marketing
14 11 (0.78%) Billing
15 8 (0.57%) Advertising
16 4 (0.28%) Wholesale Banking
17 3 (0.21%) Digital Economy
17 3 (0.21%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 962 (68.52%) Developer
2 655 (46.65%) Java Developer
3 217 (15.46%) Senior Developer
4 151 (10.75%) Senior Java Developer
5 101 (7.19%) Java Engineer
6 74 (5.27%) Front Office Developer
7 65 (4.63%) Analyst
8 59 (4.20%) Full Stack Developer
9 58 (4.13%) DevOps Engineer
10 53 (3.77%) Python Developer
11 52 (3.70%) Agile Developer
11 52 (3.70%) Scala Developer
12 50 (3.56%) Electronic Trading Developer
13 49 (3.49%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 49 (3.49%) JavaScript Developer
14 41 (2.92%) AWS Developer
15 34 (2.42%) Agile Java Developer
15 34 (2.42%) Big Data Developer
15 34 (2.42%) Lead Developer
15 34 (2.42%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 262 (18.66%) Spring
2 233 (16.60%) HTML
3 205 (14.60%) REST
3 205 (14.60%) Web Services
4 191 (13.60%) AngularJS
5 156 (11.11%) HTML5
6 129 (9.19%) Node.js
7 125 (8.90%) CSS
8 124 (8.83%) React
9 123 (8.76%) XML
10 118 (8.40%) RESTful
11 111 (7.91%) Kafka
12 101 (7.19%) JSON
13 100 (7.12%) SOAP
14 96 (6.84%) J2EE
15 95 (6.77%) .NET
16 90 (6.41%) Hibernate
17 73 (5.20%) FIX Protocol
18 72 (5.13%) Spring Boot
19 57 (4.06%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 150 (10.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 115 (8.19%) Equities
3 112 (7.98%) Analytical Skills
4 106 (7.55%) Derivative
5 96 (6.84%) Greenfield Project
6 60 (4.27%) Mobile App
7 59 (4.20%) Computer Science
8 56 (3.99%) Fixed Income
9 45 (3.21%) User Experience
10 41 (2.92%) Data Structures
11 40 (2.85%) Equity Derivative
12 39 (2.78%) Fintech
13 38 (2.71%) Hedge funds
14 34 (2.42%) Virtual Team
15 32 (2.28%) Algorithms
16 26 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
17 24 (1.71%) Market Risk
18 23 (1.64%) Credit Risk
18 23 (1.64%) N-Tier
19 12 (0.85%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 216 (15.38%) Linux
2 132 (9.40%) Unix
3 58 (4.13%) Android
4 52 (3.70%) Windows
5 32 (2.28%) Apple iOS
5 32 (2.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 23 (1.64%) Solaris
7 15 (1.07%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.57%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.50%) CentOS
10 4 (0.28%) AIX
10 4 (0.28%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.14%) Debian
12 1 (0.071%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.071%) Fedora
12 1 (0.071%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 636 (45.30%) Agile Software Development
2 361 (25.71%) TDD
3 240 (17.09%) DevOps
4 215 (15.31%) Test Automation
5 197 (14.03%) Multithreading
6 185 (13.18%) BDD
7 172 (12.25%) Continuous Integration
8 170 (12.11%) Scrum
9 165 (11.75%) Low Latency
10 157 (11.18%) Electronic Trading
11 155 (11.04%) SDLC
12 125 (8.90%) Microservices
13 117 (8.33%) Software Engineering
14 112 (7.98%) OO
15 102 (7.26%) Open Source
16 84 (5.98%) MVC
16 84 (5.98%) Web Development
17 80 (5.70%) E-Commerce
18 77 (5.48%) Pair Programming
19 70 (4.99%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 348 (24.79%) JavaScript
2 292 (20.80%) SQL
3 233 (16.60%) Python
4 117 (8.33%) Scala
5 111 (7.91%) C#
6 98 (6.98%) C++
7 62 (4.42%) Ruby
8 47 (3.35%) Shell Script
9 46 (3.28%) Groovy
10 41 (2.92%) Bash Shell
11 35 (2.49%) Perl
12 30 (2.14%) VBA
13 29 (2.07%) PL/SQL
14 24 (1.71%) Kotlin
14 24 (1.71%) Objective-C
15 21 (1.50%) Apex Code
15 21 (1.50%) ES6
16 18 (1.28%) Go
17 17 (1.21%) Apple Swift
18 11 (0.78%) C
Qualifications
1 74 (5.27%) Degree
2 31 (2.21%) Security Cleared
3 22 (1.57%) PhD
4 21 (1.50%) Numerate Degree
5 19 (1.35%) SC Cleared
6 16 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (0.43%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.28%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.21%) ISEB
9 3 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.21%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.21%) Siebel Certification
10 2 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.14%) RHCE
11 1 (0.071%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.071%) CEH
11 1 (0.071%) CFA
11 1 (0.071%) CISSP
11 1 (0.071%) GIAC
11 1 (0.071%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (5.70%) QA
2 33 (2.35%) MiFID
3 7 (0.50%) SEPA
4 4 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.21%) WCAG
6 2 (0.14%) AS 2805
6 2 (0.14%) ISO 8583
6 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 117 (8.33%) Docker
2 64 (4.56%) HDFS
3 47 (3.35%) Apache Flume
4 15 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 13 (0.93%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.28%) Varnish
7 3 (0.21%) etcd
8 2 (0.14%) Firmware
8 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.071%) GridGain
9 1 (0.071%) KVM
9 1 (0.071%) LXC
9 1 (0.071%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.071%) OpenIDM
9 1 (0.071%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.071%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.071%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 88 (6.27%) Ansible
2 68 (4.84%) Puppet
3 54 (3.85%) Opscode Chef
4 43 (3.06%) Oozie
5 39 (2.78%) Kubernetes
6 28 (1.99%) Terraform
7 24 (1.71%) Ambari
8 19 (1.35%) Hadoop YARN
9 16 (1.14%) Grafana
10 12 (0.85%) Kibana
11 10 (0.71%) Mesos
12 9 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
12 9 (0.64%) Packer
13 7 (0.50%) Nagios
13 7 (0.50%) Prometheus
14 5 (0.36%) Control-M
15 4 (0.28%) Consul
15 4 (0.28%) MOM
16 3 (0.21%) ITRS Geneos
16 3 (0.21%) logstash
Vendors
1 158 (11.25%) Oracle
2 75 (5.34%) Sybase
3 60 (4.27%) TIBCO
4 52 (3.70%) IBM
5 34 (2.42%) ION Trading
6 32 (2.28%) Red Hat
7 30 (2.14%) Salesforce.com
8 25 (1.78%) Microsoft
9 24 (1.71%) New Relic
10 21 (1.50%) Splunk
11 20 (1.42%) Apigee
12 19 (1.35%) Tableau
13 15 (1.07%) Atlassian
14 14 (1.00%) Adobe
14 14 (1.00%) Google
15 11 (0.78%) HP
15 11 (0.78%) Reuters
16 10 (0.71%) VMware
17 9 (0.64%) Fidessa
17 9 (0.64%) Informatica