Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 7
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,452 986 1,021
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 20.55% 15.81% 14.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.73% 31.08% 30.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,251 858 878
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £381 £367
90th Percentile £725 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 16
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -52.22% +20.00% -
10th Percentile £21.25 £17.30 £35.00
90th Percentile £21.75 £54.99 £46.88
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -52.22% +20.00% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,749 3,172 3,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 53.05% 50.85% 46.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,167 2,653 2,795
City of London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £663 £656
Central London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 10 20
City of London median hourly rate £27.55 £27.50 £29.82
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.16% -7.78% +49.10%
10th Percentile £20.30 £16.06 £18.90
90th Percentile £54.03 £55.19 £55.50
Central London median hourly rate £28.00 £27.50 £29.82
% change year-on-year +1.82% -7.78% +49.10%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +5 15 £550 +10.00%
Moorgate - 1 - -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 625 (43.04%) Agile Software Development
2 569 (39.19%) Finance
3 499 (34.37%) Banking
4 373 (25.69%) JavaScript
5 358 (24.66%) TDD
6 291 (20.04%) SQL
7 272 (18.73%) Spring
8 241 (16.60%) Python
9 236 (16.25%) DevOps
10 229 (15.77%) Front Office
11 228 (15.70%) REST
12 219 (15.08%) HTML
13 218 (15.01%) Linux
14 207 (14.26%) Amazon AWS
15 206 (14.19%) Jenkins
16 199 (13.71%) Web Services
17 194 (13.36%) BDD
18 186 (12.81%) Git (software)
19 185 (12.74%) AngularJS
20 184 (12.67%) Continuous Integration
21 174 (11.98%) Test Automation
22 172 (11.85%) Investment Banking
23 170 (11.71%) Multithreading
24 167 (11.50%) Low Latency
25 164 (11.29%) Node.js
25 164 (11.29%) Oracle
26 163 (11.23%) Electronic Trading
27 162 (11.16%) Unix
28 153 (10.54%) Scrum
29 148 (10.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (7.71%) Apache Spark
2 79 (5.44%) Apache
3 60 (4.13%) Tomcat
4 43 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
5 37 (2.55%) Confluence
5 37 (2.55%) JBoss
6 33 (2.27%) WebSphere
7 19 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
7 19 (1.31%) MQSeries
8 18 (1.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 18 (1.24%) Mule
8 18 (1.24%) WebLogic
9 16 (1.10%) GemFire
10 14 (0.96%) OpenStack
11 13 (0.90%) nginx
12 8 (0.55%) Oracle Coherence
13 7 (0.48%) Jetty
13 7 (0.48%) WildFly
14 6 (0.41%) WebSphere Application Server
15 5 (0.34%) IIS
Applications
1 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 5 (0.34%) OmniGraffle
3 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.14%) SPSS
6 1 (0.069%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.069%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 30 (2.07%) ION MarketView
2 9 (0.62%) Oracle Cash Management
3 8 (0.55%) Kondor
4 7 (0.48%) Actimize
5 5 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
5 5 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.34%) R3 Corda
6 4 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.21%) Summit
8 1 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.069%) IntelliMatch
Cloud Services
1 207 (14.26%) Amazon AWS
2 60 (4.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 38 (2.62%) GitHub
4 20 (1.38%) npm
5 18 (1.24%) Amazon EC2
6 17 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
6 17 (1.17%) PaaS
7 16 (1.10%) Amazon S3
8 14 (0.96%) Bluemix
8 14 (0.96%) IBM Cloud
9 13 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
9 13 (0.90%) Heroku
10 11 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
10 11 (0.76%) Route 53
11 10 (0.69%) Force.com
12 9 (0.62%) Amazon SQS
12 9 (0.62%) Serverless
13 8 (0.55%) IaaS
14 7 (0.48%) Amazon Kinesis
14 7 (0.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.89%) HTTP
2 25 (1.72%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.65%) Firewall
4 16 (1.10%) SSL
5 15 (1.03%) DNS
6 10 (0.69%) FTP
6 10 (0.69%) LDAP
7 9 (0.62%) Internet
8 7 (0.48%) FIX Connectivity
9 6 (0.41%) Kerberos
10 5 (0.34%) BIG-IP
11 4 (0.28%) Network Security
12 3 (0.21%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.21%) LAN
12 3 (0.21%) SMS
13 2 (0.14%) DSL
13 2 (0.14%) SNMP
13 2 (0.14%) SSH
13 2 (0.14%) VPN
13 2 (0.14%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (9.57%) Big Data
2 128 (8.82%) Relational Database
3 122 (8.40%) NoSQL
4 117 (8.06%) SQL Server
5 108 (7.44%) Hadoop
6 99 (6.82%) MongoDB
7 91 (6.27%) RDBMS
8 77 (5.30%) PostgreSQL
9 76 (5.23%) Apache Hive
10 63 (4.34%) MySQL
11 50 (3.44%) HBase
12 38 (2.62%) KDB
13 34 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
14 31 (2.13%) Impala
15 24 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
16 22 (1.52%) Redis
17 21 (1.45%) Oracle Database
18 20 (1.38%) Sqoop
19 15 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 14 (0.96%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 206 (14.19%) Jenkins
2 186 (12.81%) Git (software)
3 143 (9.85%) Maven
4 124 (8.54%) JIRA
5 79 (5.44%) Cucumber
6 77 (5.30%) Selenium
7 65 (4.48%) JUnit
8 63 (4.34%) TeamCity
9 50 (3.44%) Subversion
10 43 (2.96%) Gradle
11 38 (2.62%) WebDriver
12 33 (2.27%) gulp
13 30 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
14 26 (1.79%) Mockito
15 25 (1.72%) TestNG
16 23 (1.58%) Grunt
17 20 (1.38%) SonarQube
18 19 (1.31%) Appium
18 19 (1.31%) IntelliJ
18 19 (1.31%) NUnit
General
1 569 (39.19%) Finance
2 499 (34.37%) Banking
3 229 (15.77%) Front Office
4 172 (11.85%) Investment Banking
5 53 (3.65%) Games
6 47 (3.24%) Telecoms
7 44 (3.03%) Financial Institution
8 40 (2.75%) Retail
9 28 (1.93%) Legal
10 24 (1.65%) Law
11 20 (1.38%) Retail Banking
12 19 (1.31%) Publishing
13 18 (1.24%) Back Office
14 14 (0.96%) Marketing
15 12 (0.83%) Advertising
16 9 (0.62%) Manufacturing
17 7 (0.48%) Billing
18 3 (0.21%) Electronics
18 3 (0.21%) Wholesale Banking
19 2 (0.14%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 950 (65.43%) Developer
2 660 (45.45%) Java Developer
3 209 (14.39%) Senior Developer
4 156 (10.74%) Senior Java Developer
5 106 (7.30%) Java Engineer
6 65 (4.48%) DevOps Engineer
7 63 (4.34%) Analyst
8 54 (3.72%) Agile Developer
8 54 (3.72%) Full Stack Developer
9 52 (3.58%) Front Office Developer
10 50 (3.44%) Electronic Trading Developer
11 49 (3.37%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
12 43 (2.96%) Python Developer
12 43 (2.96%) Web Developer
13 41 (2.82%) AWS Developer
13 41 (2.82%) Java Web Developer
14 40 (2.75%) JavaScript Developer
14 40 (2.75%) Scala Developer
15 39 (2.69%) Senior Java Engineer
16 33 (2.27%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (18.73%) Spring
2 228 (15.70%) REST
3 219 (15.08%) HTML
4 199 (13.71%) Web Services
5 185 (12.74%) AngularJS
6 164 (11.29%) Node.js
7 127 (8.75%) HTML5
8 123 (8.47%) React
8 123 (8.47%) RESTful
9 121 (8.33%) Kafka
9 121 (8.33%) SOAP
10 119 (8.20%) CSS
11 115 (7.92%) XML
12 112 (7.71%) J2EE
13 98 (6.75%) .NET
14 95 (6.54%) JSON
15 92 (6.34%) Hibernate
16 88 (6.06%) FIX Protocol
17 75 (5.17%) Spring Boot
18 66 (4.55%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 148 (10.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 105 (7.23%) Analytical Skills
3 103 (7.09%) Derivative
4 90 (6.20%) Greenfield Project
5 89 (6.13%) Equities
6 65 (4.48%) Mobile App
7 53 (3.65%) Computer Science
8 50 (3.44%) Fixed Income
9 40 (2.75%) Data Structures
10 39 (2.69%) Equity Derivative
10 39 (2.69%) Hedge funds
11 38 (2.62%) Fintech
12 37 (2.55%) Algorithms
12 37 (2.55%) User Experience
13 30 (2.07%) Virtual Team
14 29 (2.00%) Market Risk
15 28 (1.93%) Credit Risk
16 22 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
17 18 (1.24%) SWIFT
18 16 (1.10%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 218 (15.01%) Linux
2 162 (11.16%) Unix
3 42 (2.89%) Windows
4 40 (2.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 38 (2.62%) Android
6 25 (1.72%) Solaris
7 22 (1.52%) Apple iOS
8 12 (0.83%) AIX
9 10 (0.69%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.28%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.21%) VMS
12 2 (0.14%) CentOS
12 2 (0.14%) Debian
12 2 (0.14%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.069%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.069%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.069%) Fedora
13 1 (0.069%) HPUX
13 1 (0.069%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 625 (43.04%) Agile Software Development
2 358 (24.66%) TDD
3 236 (16.25%) DevOps
4 194 (13.36%) BDD
5 184 (12.67%) Continuous Integration
6 174 (11.98%) Test Automation
7 170 (11.71%) Multithreading
8 167 (11.50%) Low Latency
9 163 (11.23%) Electronic Trading
10 153 (10.54%) Scrum
11 145 (9.99%) SDLC
12 133 (9.16%) Microservices
13 128 (8.82%) Software Engineering
14 101 (6.96%) OO
15 95 (6.54%) E-Commerce
16 92 (6.34%) Open Source
17 91 (6.27%) MVC
18 84 (5.79%) Web Development
19 65 (4.48%) Risk Management
20 64 (4.41%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 373 (25.69%) JavaScript
2 291 (20.04%) SQL
3 241 (16.60%) Python
4 127 (8.75%) Scala
5 121 (8.33%) C#
6 97 (6.68%) C++
7 89 (6.13%) Ruby
8 64 (4.41%) Bash Shell
9 48 (3.31%) Perl
10 46 (3.17%) Groovy
11 43 (2.96%) Shell Script
12 31 (2.13%) PL/SQL
13 30 (2.07%) ES6
13 30 (2.07%) Kotlin
14 28 (1.93%) VBA
15 19 (1.31%) Apex Code
16 17 (1.17%) TypeScript
17 15 (1.03%) Objective-C
18 14 (0.96%) Go
19 13 (0.90%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 77 (5.30%) Degree
2 30 (2.07%) Security Cleared
3 21 (1.45%) SC Cleared
4 20 (1.38%) PhD
5 17 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
6 7 (0.48%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.41%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.28%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.21%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.21%) ISEB
9 3 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.14%) HP ASE
10 2 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.14%) RHCE
11 1 (0.069%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.069%) CISSP
11 1 (0.069%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (5.23%) QA
2 29 (2.00%) MiFID
3 14 (0.96%) SEPA
4 4 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.21%) Basel III
5 3 (0.21%) EMIR
5 3 (0.21%) FATCA
5 3 (0.21%) GCP
5 3 (0.21%) Solvency II
5 3 (0.21%) WCAG
6 2 (0.14%) AS 2805
6 2 (0.14%) ISO 8583
6 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.069%) PMO
System Software
1 138 (9.50%) Docker
2 61 (4.20%) HDFS
3 48 (3.31%) Apache Flume
4 20 (1.38%) Active Directory
5 10 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.28%) Varnish
6 4 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.21%) etcd
8 2 (0.14%) Firmware
8 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.069%) KVM
9 1 (0.069%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 101 (6.96%) Ansible
2 79 (5.44%) Puppet
3 69 (4.75%) Opscode Chef
4 52 (3.58%) Kubernetes
5 45 (3.10%) Oozie
6 24 (1.65%) Ambari
6 24 (1.65%) Terraform
7 20 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (1.17%) Hadoop YARN
9 14 (0.96%) Mesos
10 8 (0.55%) Nagios
11 6 (0.41%) Grafana
11 6 (0.41%) Kibana
12 5 (0.34%) Consul
12 5 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
12 5 (0.34%) logstash
12 5 (0.34%) Packer
13 4 (0.28%) MOM
13 4 (0.28%) Salt
14 2 (0.14%) Control-M
Vendors
1 164 (11.29%) Oracle
2 84 (5.79%) Sybase
3 56 (3.86%) TIBCO
4 45 (3.10%) IBM
5 36 (2.48%) Red Hat
6 35 (2.41%) ION Trading
7 33 (2.27%) Microsoft
8 29 (2.00%) Salesforce.com
9 28 (1.93%) Splunk
10 26 (1.79%) Apigee
11 20 (1.38%) Tableau
12 18 (1.24%) Google
12 18 (1.24%) New Relic
13 15 (1.03%) Adobe
13 15 (1.03%) Atlassian
13 15 (1.03%) Cloudera
14 12 (0.83%) AppDynamics
15 10 (0.69%) Reuters
16 9 (0.62%) Fidessa
16 9 (0.62%) Hortonworks