Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 715 1,251 1,436
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.32% 18.50% 20.54%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.77% 34.41% 38.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 597 1,050 1,241
City of London median daily rate £575 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.55% -
10th Percentile £414 £425 £413
90th Percentile £713 £725 £725
Central London median daily rate £575 £575 £550
% change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
City of London median hourly rate £48.50 - £21.50
10th Percentile £36.95 - £21.25
90th Percentile £52.85 - £21.75
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £21.50

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,402 3,636 3,719
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.12% 53.76% 53.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,921 3,001 3,146
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £388 £390 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 7 8
City of London median hourly rate £41.25 £37.09 £27.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.22% +34.65% +0.16%
10th Percentile £22.17 £18.35 £20.30
90th Percentile £54.75 £85.21 £54.03
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.09 £28.00
% change year-on-year -5.63% +32.46% +1.82%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -6 6 £500 -4.76%
London Bridge -7 4 £588 +2.17%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 356 (49.79%) Agile Software Development
2 207 (28.95%) Microservices
3 194 (27.13%) TDD
4 192 (26.85%) Finance
5 186 (26.01%) Python
6 178 (24.90%) Spring
7 140 (19.58%) AWS
8 129 (18.04%) JavaScript
9 117 (16.36%) SQL
9 117 (16.36%) Banking
10 112 (15.66%) DevOps
11 104 (14.55%) Docker
12 99 (13.85%) Test Automation
13 98 (13.71%) Kubernetes
14 96 (13.43%) Kafka
15 95 (13.29%) Spring Boot
16 90 (12.59%) Scrum
17 89 (12.45%) Java 8
18 88 (12.31%) BDD
19 83 (11.61%) REST
20 80 (11.19%) HTML
21 78 (10.91%) Git (software)
21 78 (10.91%) Continuous Integration
21 78 (10.91%) Greenfield Project
22 77 (10.77%) Linux
23 76 (10.63%) Jenkins
24 72 (10.07%) RESTful
25 70 (9.79%) Software Engineering
25 70 (9.79%) C++
26 69 (9.65%) Web Services

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (5.17%) Apache Spark
2 23 (3.22%) Confluence
3 20 (2.80%) Elasticsearch
4 14 (1.96%) WebLogic
5 13 (1.82%) JBoss
6 12 (1.68%) Apache
7 10 (1.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 10 (1.40%) CMS
7 10 (1.40%) Tomcat
8 9 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
9 7 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.98%) WebSphere
10 6 (0.84%) Jetty
11 5 (0.70%) Luigi
12 4 (0.56%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.56%) Oracle Coherence
13 3 (0.42%) Hyperledger
13 3 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
13 3 (0.42%) WebLogic Integration
14 2 (0.28%) Anypoint
Applications
1 4 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.42%) InDesign
2 3 (0.42%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.42%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.42%) Oracle Financials
2 3 (0.42%) Unit4 Business World
3 2 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.28%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.14%) MoSes
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.14%) Orchestrade
4 1 (0.14%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.14%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 140 (19.58%) AWS
2 56 (7.83%) GCP
3 51 (7.13%) Azure
4 37 (5.17%) GitHub
5 23 (3.22%) Serverless
6 22 (3.08%) AWS Lambda
7 16 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
7 16 (2.24%) Amazon S3
8 11 (1.54%) OpenShift
9 10 (1.40%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (1.26%) PaaS
10 9 (1.26%) SaaS
11 8 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
12 7 (0.98%) Apigee
12 7 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
13 6 (0.84%) Power Platform
13 6 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 5 (0.70%) Amazon ELB
14 5 (0.70%) AWS Fargate
14 5 (0.70%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 23 (3.22%) HTTP
2 15 (2.10%) TCP/IP
3 11 (1.54%) FTP
3 11 (1.54%) SSL
4 10 (1.40%) DNS
5 8 (1.12%) Firewall
5 8 (1.12%) Internet
5 8 (1.12%) Multicast
6 5 (0.70%) Remote Desktop
7 2 (0.28%) AMQP
7 2 (0.28%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
7 2 (0.28%) VPN
8 1 (0.14%) Broadband
8 1 (0.14%) DOCSIS
8 1 (0.14%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.14%) IPv4
8 1 (0.14%) IPv6
8 1 (0.14%) MQTT
8 1 (0.14%) SNMP
8 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (8.53%) NoSQL
2 39 (5.45%) Hadoop
3 37 (5.17%) MongoDB
4 30 (4.20%) Big Data
5 29 (4.06%) PostgreSQL
6 19 (2.66%) Apache Cassandra
7 18 (2.52%) MySQL
7 18 (2.52%) Relational Database
7 18 (2.52%) SQL Server
8 15 (2.10%) Apache Hive
8 15 (2.10%) HBase
9 14 (1.96%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (1.68%) KDB
10 12 (1.68%) Redis
11 11 (1.54%) DB2
12 10 (1.40%) Oracle Database
13 9 (1.26%) Kdb+
14 7 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 7 (0.98%) Amazon RDS
14 7 (0.98%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 78 (10.91%) Git (software)
2 76 (10.63%) Jenkins
3 41 (5.73%) Maven
4 35 (4.90%) JIRA
5 31 (4.34%) Selenium
6 29 (4.06%) TeamCity
7 28 (3.92%) JUnit
8 27 (3.78%) Cucumber
9 23 (3.22%) Gradle
10 15 (2.10%) GitLab
10 15 (2.10%) Mockito
11 13 (1.82%) Subversion
12 11 (1.54%) CircleCI
12 11 (1.54%) Gatling
13 10 (1.40%) gulp
13 10 (1.40%) Travis CI
14 9 (1.26%) Geb
14 9 (1.26%) JMeter
14 9 (1.26%) Sonatype Nexus
14 9 (1.26%) Spock
General
1 192 (26.85%) Finance
2 117 (16.36%) Banking
3 69 (9.65%) Front Office
4 26 (3.64%) Investment Banking
5 19 (2.66%) Advertising
6 13 (1.82%) Marketing
7 11 (1.54%) Financial Institution
8 10 (1.40%) Games
9 9 (1.26%) Back Office
10 8 (1.12%) Retail
11 6 (0.84%) Law
11 6 (0.84%) Retail Banking
12 5 (0.70%) Public Sector
13 4 (0.56%) Telecoms
14 3 (0.42%) Publishing
15 2 (0.28%) French Language
16 1 (0.14%) Arabic Language
16 1 (0.14%) International Banking
16 1 (0.14%) Legal
Job Titles
1 444 (62.10%) Developer
2 296 (41.40%) Java Developer
3 66 (9.23%) Senior Developer
4 50 (6.99%) Full Stack Developer
5 43 (6.01%) Senior Java Developer
6 41 (5.73%) Java Engineer
7 40 (5.59%) Architect
8 38 (5.31%) DevOps Engineer
9 35 (4.90%) AWS Developer
10 22 (3.08%) C# Developer
11 19 (2.66%) Data Engineer
11 19 (2.66%) React Developer
12 16 (2.24%) Python Developer
12 16 (2.24%) Solutions Architect
12 16 (2.24%) Technical Architect
13 15 (2.10%) Agile Developer
13 15 (2.10%) Agile Java Developer
13 15 (2.10%) AWS Engineer
14 14 (1.96%) Tester
15 13 (1.82%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (24.90%) Spring
2 96 (13.43%) Kafka
3 95 (13.29%) Spring Boot
4 83 (11.61%) REST
5 80 (11.19%) HTML
6 72 (10.07%) RESTful
7 69 (9.65%) AngularJS
7 69 (9.65%) Web Services
8 64 (8.95%) CSS
9 57 (7.97%) React
10 46 (6.43%) Node.js
11 36 (5.03%) .NET
12 35 (4.90%) HTML5
13 33 (4.62%) JSON
14 29 (4.06%) SOAP
15 25 (3.50%) J2EE
16 23 (3.22%) FIX Protocol
16 23 (3.22%) Spring Cloud
17 22 (3.08%) XML
18 21 (2.94%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 78 (10.91%) Greenfield Project
2 31 (4.34%) Enterprise Software
3 30 (4.20%) Data Structures
4 29 (4.06%) Analytical Skills
5 28 (3.92%) Equities
5 28 (3.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 25 (3.50%) Algorithms
7 20 (2.80%) Fixed Income
8 16 (2.24%) User Experience
9 15 (2.10%) Derivative
10 13 (1.82%) Mobile App
11 11 (1.54%) Cloud Native
11 11 (1.54%) Hedge funds
11 11 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
12 7 (0.98%) iPad
12 7 (0.98%) Public Cloud
13 6 (0.84%) Management Information System
13 6 (0.84%) Market Risk
13 6 (0.84%) Reinsurance
14 5 (0.70%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 77 (10.77%) Linux
2 35 (4.90%) Unix
3 26 (3.64%) Windows
4 16 (2.24%) Android
5 7 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.84%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.70%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.56%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.56%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.28%) CentOS
10 1 (0.14%) Debian
10 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.14%) Solaris
10 1 (0.14%) VMS
10 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 356 (49.79%) Agile Software Development
2 207 (28.95%) Microservices
3 194 (27.13%) TDD
4 112 (15.66%) DevOps
5 99 (13.85%) Test Automation
6 90 (12.59%) Scrum
7 88 (12.31%) BDD
8 78 (10.91%) Continuous Integration
9 70 (9.79%) Software Engineering
10 60 (8.39%) Computer Science
10 60 (8.39%) Multithreading
11 54 (7.55%) SDLC
12 51 (7.13%) Fintech
13 50 (6.99%) Unit Testing
14 48 (6.71%) Low Latency
15 46 (6.43%) Kanban
16 42 (5.87%) OO
17 39 (5.45%) Continuous Delivery
18 38 (5.31%) Open Source
18 38 (5.31%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 186 (26.01%) Python
2 129 (18.04%) JavaScript
3 117 (16.36%) SQL
4 89 (12.45%) Java 8
5 70 (9.79%) C++
6 69 (9.65%) Scala
7 61 (8.53%) C#
8 43 (6.01%) Ruby
9 42 (5.87%) Go
10 38 (5.31%) Kotlin
11 36 (5.03%) TypeScript
12 20 (2.80%) Groovy
13 15 (2.10%) PL/SQL
14 14 (1.96%) Bash Shell
14 14 (1.96%) PHP
15 11 (1.54%) ES6
16 8 (1.12%) C
16 8 (1.12%) Clojure
17 7 (0.98%) Apex Code
17 7 (0.98%) R
Qualifications
1 59 (8.25%) Degree
2 21 (2.94%) Security Cleared
3 19 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
4 18 (2.52%) SC Cleared
5 12 (1.68%) Master's Degree
6 11 (1.54%) PhD
7 7 (0.98%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.84%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.84%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.56%) ISEB
10 1 (0.14%) CCIE
10 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.14%) CISM
10 1 (0.14%) CISSP
10 1 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.14%) GCIA
10 1 (0.14%) GCIH
10 1 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.14%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (4.90%) QA
2 5 (0.70%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.28%) MiFID
3 2 (0.28%) WCAG
4 1 (0.14%) Basel III
4 1 (0.14%) GDPR
4 1 (0.14%) IFRS
4 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
4 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (0.14%) PSD2
4 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 104 (14.55%) Docker
2 7 (0.98%) HDFS
3 5 (0.70%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.14%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.14%) OpenDJ
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.14%) vSphere
5 1 (0.14%) zsh
Systems Management
1 98 (13.71%) Kubernetes
2 49 (6.85%) Ansible
3 38 (5.31%) Terraform
4 31 (4.34%) Puppet
5 24 (3.36%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (2.24%) Docker Swarm
7 6 (0.84%) Cobbler
7 6 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
7 6 (0.84%) Rancher
8 5 (0.70%) Istio
9 4 (0.56%) Grafana
9 4 (0.56%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.28%) Graphite
10 2 (0.28%) Kibana
10 2 (0.28%) logstash
11 1 (0.14%) Control-M
11 1 (0.14%) ITRS Geneos
11 1 (0.14%) Salt
11 1 (0.14%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 55 (7.69%) Oracle
2 37 (5.17%) Google
3 22 (3.08%) Microsoft
4 14 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
5 12 (1.68%) Sybase
6 11 (1.54%) Adobe
7 10 (1.40%) Red Hat
8 9 (1.26%) MuleSoft
8 9 (1.26%) Splunk
9 8 (1.12%) Atlassian
10 7 (0.98%) SaltStack
10 7 (0.98%) Solace
10 7 (0.98%) Vermilion
11 5 (0.70%) Bloomberg
11 5 (0.70%) CA
11 5 (0.70%) IBM
11 5 (0.70%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 5 (0.70%) SAP
12 4 (0.56%) Okta
12 4 (0.56%) Tableau