Period
to 22 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 6 7
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,437 987 1,014
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 20.41% 16.08% 15.53%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.42% 32.19% 33.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,251 843 898
City of London median daily rate £563 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £425 £400 £375
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £543 £525
% change year-on-year +1.38% +3.33% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 0 3
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 - £50.00
10th Percentile £13.18 - £24.80
90th Percentile £26.33 - £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 - £50.00

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,740 3,066 2,988
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 53.13% 49.94% 45.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,190 2,525 2,493
City of London median daily rate £525 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £713 £650 £650
Central London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 3 18
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.15% +9.02% -13.33%
10th Percentile £13.25 £26.92 £18.50
90th Percentile £48.25 £35.95 £56.50
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £26.00
% change year-on-year -24.15% +9.02% -10.34%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 18 £550 -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 602 (41.89%) Agile Software Development
2 504 (35.07%) Finance
3 446 (31.04%) Banking
4 347 (24.15%) JavaScript
5 328 (22.83%) TDD
6 299 (20.81%) Java 8
7 256 (17.81%) REST
8 255 (17.75%) Spring
9 248 (17.26%) Python
10 238 (16.56%) SQL
10 238 (16.56%) Amazon AWS
11 228 (15.87%) DevOps
12 218 (15.17%) Linux
13 207 (14.41%) Web Services
14 200 (13.92%) HTML
15 192 (13.36%) Git (software)
16 190 (13.22%) Jenkins
17 184 (12.80%) Microservices
18 181 (12.60%) AngularJS
18 181 (12.60%) Front Office
19 180 (12.53%) Node.js
20 178 (12.39%) Docker
21 177 (12.32%) Continuous Integration
22 169 (11.76%) Maven
23 162 (11.27%) Electronic Trading
23 162 (11.27%) Scala
23 162 (11.27%) BDD
24 161 (11.20%) Unix
25 159 (11.06%) Investment Banking
26 157 (10.93%) RESTful

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (6.40%) Apache Spark
2 80 (5.57%) Apache
3 67 (4.66%) Tomcat
4 55 (3.83%) WebSphere
5 50 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
6 45 (3.13%) Confluence
7 35 (2.44%) Cloud Foundry
8 24 (1.67%) MQSeries
9 21 (1.46%) JBoss
9 21 (1.46%) WebLogic
10 18 (1.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 17 (1.18%) OpenStack
12 15 (1.04%) Oracle Coherence
13 14 (0.97%) GemFire
13 14 (0.97%) nginx
14 12 (0.84%) Apache Solr
15 11 (0.77%) Apache Pig
16 10 (0.70%) SharePoint
17 7 (0.49%) CMS
17 7 (0.49%) Jetty
Applications
1 14 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 6 (0.42%) OmniGraffle
3 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.21%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) SPSS
5 1 (0.070%) HipChat
5 1 (0.070%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.070%) Stata
Business Applications
1 35 (2.44%) ION MarketView
2 13 (0.90%) Payment Gateway
3 9 (0.63%) Oracle Cash Management
4 7 (0.49%) Actimize
5 5 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.35%) Kondor
6 4 (0.28%) R3 Corda
7 3 (0.21%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 3 (0.21%) Summit
8 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.14%) Eloqua
8 2 (0.14%) PeopleSoft HRMS
9 1 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.070%) Temenos T24
9 1 (0.070%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 238 (16.56%) Amazon AWS
2 69 (4.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (2.23%) GitHub
4 29 (2.02%) Heroku
5 25 (1.74%) npm
5 25 (1.74%) PaaS
6 23 (1.60%) Amazon S3
7 20 (1.39%) Google Cloud Platform
8 19 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (1.04%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (1.04%) Route 53
9 15 (1.04%) Serverless
10 11 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
10 11 (0.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 10 (0.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 10 (0.70%) IaaS
12 9 (0.63%) BrowserStack
12 9 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
12 9 (0.63%) CloudFront
13 7 (0.49%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 72 (5.01%) HTTP
2 37 (2.57%) FTP
3 34 (2.37%) TCP/IP
4 33 (2.30%) SSL
5 30 (2.09%) DNS
6 22 (1.53%) Firewall
7 10 (0.70%) Kerberos
8 8 (0.56%) Internet
9 7 (0.49%) FIX Connectivity
10 5 (0.35%) SMS
10 5 (0.35%) WAN
11 4 (0.28%) LAN
12 3 (0.21%) AMQP
12 3 (0.21%) BIG-IP
12 3 (0.21%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.21%) SNMP
12 3 (0.21%) X.509
13 2 (0.14%) MPLS
13 2 (0.14%) Multicast
13 2 (0.14%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 123 (8.56%) NoSQL
2 113 (7.86%) Big Data
3 112 (7.79%) Relational Database
4 88 (6.12%) Hadoop
4 88 (6.12%) SQL Server
5 80 (5.57%) MongoDB
6 79 (5.50%) PostgreSQL
7 57 (3.97%) MySQL
8 51 (3.55%) Apache Hive
9 49 (3.41%) RDBMS
10 43 (2.99%) KDB
11 35 (2.44%) Apache Cassandra
12 34 (2.37%) Redis
13 28 (1.95%) HBase
14 25 (1.74%) Blockchain
15 17 (1.18%) Hazelcast
16 16 (1.11%) Impala
17 15 (1.04%) Amazon RDS
17 15 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
18 13 (0.90%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 192 (13.36%) Git (software)
2 190 (13.22%) Jenkins
3 169 (11.76%) Maven
4 95 (6.61%) JIRA
5 86 (5.98%) JUnit
6 79 (5.50%) Selenium
7 78 (5.43%) Cucumber
8 66 (4.59%) Gradle
9 51 (3.55%) TeamCity
10 45 (3.13%) TestNG
11 40 (2.78%) Sonatype Nexus
12 29 (2.02%) Eclipse
12 29 (2.02%) gulp
12 29 (2.02%) Subversion
13 28 (1.95%) GitLab
13 28 (1.95%) WebDriver
14 27 (1.88%) Gatling
15 25 (1.74%) SonarQube
16 24 (1.67%) Spock
17 23 (1.60%) NUnit
General
1 504 (35.07%) Finance
2 446 (31.04%) Banking
3 181 (12.60%) Front Office
4 159 (11.06%) Investment Banking
5 50 (3.48%) Games
6 47 (3.27%) Financial Institution
7 42 (2.92%) Retail
8 38 (2.64%) Telecoms
9 23 (1.60%) Retail Banking
10 21 (1.46%) Legal
11 20 (1.39%) Publishing
12 17 (1.18%) Back Office
13 16 (1.11%) Advertising
14 13 (0.90%) Law
14 13 (0.90%) Marketing
15 3 (0.21%) Electronics
15 3 (0.21%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.21%) Private Banking
16 2 (0.14%) International Banking
16 2 (0.14%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 917 (63.81%) Developer
2 666 (46.35%) Java Developer
3 221 (15.38%) Senior Developer
4 178 (12.39%) Senior Java Developer
5 84 (5.85%) Java Engineer
6 77 (5.36%) DevOps Engineer
7 56 (3.90%) Java Web Developer
7 56 (3.90%) Web Developer
8 55 (3.83%) Full Stack Developer
9 52 (3.62%) Architect
10 49 (3.41%) Electronic Trading Developer
11 48 (3.34%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
12 47 (3.27%) Agile Developer
13 46 (3.20%) Scala Developer
14 45 (3.13%) Analyst
15 41 (2.85%) Front Office Developer
16 40 (2.78%) Data Engineer
17 39 (2.71%) AWS Developer
18 38 (2.64%) Software Engineer
19 37 (2.57%) E-Commerce Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (17.81%) REST
2 255 (17.75%) Spring
3 207 (14.41%) Web Services
4 200 (13.92%) HTML
5 181 (12.60%) AngularJS
6 180 (12.53%) Node.js
7 157 (10.93%) RESTful
8 138 (9.60%) SOAP
9 133 (9.26%) React
10 116 (8.07%) CSS
11 105 (7.31%) Kafka
12 104 (7.24%) HTML5
13 99 (6.89%) XML
14 86 (5.98%) .NET
15 83 (5.78%) FIX Protocol
16 81 (5.64%) Spring Boot
17 78 (5.43%) J2EE
18 73 (5.08%) Hibernate
19 67 (4.66%) JSON
20 63 (4.38%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 118 (8.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 94 (6.54%) Greenfield Project
3 72 (5.01%) Analytical Skills
3 72 (5.01%) Derivative
4 68 (4.73%) Fintech
5 59 (4.11%) Algorithms
6 56 (3.90%) Mobile App
7 47 (3.27%) Equities
8 45 (3.13%) Computer Science
9 41 (2.85%) Fixed Income
10 38 (2.64%) Equity Derivative
10 38 (2.64%) Hedge funds
11 35 (2.44%) Credit Risk
12 25 (1.74%) Data Structures
12 25 (1.74%) User Experience
13 18 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
14 17 (1.18%) iPad
15 16 (1.11%) SWIFT
16 14 (0.97%) Data Centre
16 14 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 218 (15.17%) Linux
2 161 (11.20%) Unix
3 46 (3.20%) Android
4 44 (3.06%) Windows
5 42 (2.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (2.51%) Apple iOS
7 17 (1.18%) Solaris
8 14 (0.97%) AIX
9 10 (0.70%) Windows Server
10 9 (0.63%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.28%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.28%) VMS
12 2 (0.14%) CentOS
12 2 (0.14%) DC/OS
12 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.070%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.070%) HPUX
13 1 (0.070%) Nucleus RTOS
13 1 (0.070%) OS/2
Processes & Methodologies
1 602 (41.89%) Agile Software Development
2 328 (22.83%) TDD
3 228 (15.87%) DevOps
4 184 (12.80%) Microservices
5 177 (12.32%) Continuous Integration
6 162 (11.27%) BDD
6 162 (11.27%) Electronic Trading
7 153 (10.65%) Low Latency
8 151 (10.51%) Scrum
9 141 (9.81%) Multithreading
10 130 (9.05%) Software Engineering
11 126 (8.77%) Test Automation
12 124 (8.63%) E-Commerce
13 88 (6.12%) SDLC
14 87 (6.05%) Problem-Solving
15 81 (5.64%) Web Development
16 77 (5.36%) MVC
17 72 (5.01%) OO
18 71 (4.94%) Continuous Delivery
18 71 (4.94%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 347 (24.15%) JavaScript
2 299 (20.81%) Java 8
3 248 (17.26%) Python
4 238 (16.56%) SQL
5 162 (11.27%) Scala
6 113 (7.86%) C#
7 109 (7.59%) Ruby
8 66 (4.59%) Bash Shell
8 66 (4.59%) C++
9 64 (4.45%) Groovy
10 47 (3.27%) ES6
11 44 (3.06%) Kotlin
12 39 (2.71%) Perl
13 35 (2.44%) TypeScript
14 28 (1.95%) Shell Script
15 27 (1.88%) XPath
16 23 (1.60%) Clojure
16 23 (1.60%) R
17 22 (1.53%) PL/SQL
18 21 (1.46%) PHP
Qualifications
1 64 (4.45%) Degree
2 23 (1.60%) Security Cleared
3 17 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
4 16 (1.11%) SC Cleared
5 10 (0.70%) AWS Certification
5 10 (0.70%) Master's Degree
5 10 (0.70%) PhD
6 9 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
6 9 (0.63%) Siebel Certification
7 7 (0.49%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.21%) CISSP
9 3 (0.21%) HP ASE
9 3 (0.21%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.14%) CCNA
10 2 (0.14%) CCNP
10 2 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.14%) ISEB
10 2 (0.14%) OSCP
11 1 (0.070%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (5.50%) QA
2 14 (0.97%) SEPA
3 11 (0.77%) MiFID
4 6 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.35%) GCP
6 4 (0.28%) EMIR
7 3 (0.21%) Basel III
7 3 (0.21%) FATCA
7 3 (0.21%) GDPR
7 3 (0.21%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.14%) PMO
8 2 (0.14%) WCAG
9 1 (0.070%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.070%) HL7
9 1 (0.070%) ISO 8583
9 1 (0.070%) SLA
System Software
1 178 (12.39%) Docker
2 25 (1.74%) Active Directory
3 24 (1.67%) HDFS
4 11 (0.77%) Apache Flume
5 8 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.28%) vSphere
7 3 (0.21%) Firmware
7 3 (0.21%) Varnish
7 3 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.14%) etcd
8 2 (0.14%) KVM
8 2 (0.14%) Xen
9 1 (0.070%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.070%) NFS
9 1 (0.070%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.070%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.070%) SRDF
9 1 (0.070%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 102 (7.10%) Ansible
2 69 (4.80%) Kubernetes
3 68 (4.73%) Opscode Chef
4 67 (4.66%) Puppet
5 37 (2.57%) Docker Swarm
6 29 (2.02%) Terraform
7 20 (1.39%) Mesos
8 13 (0.90%) Kibana
9 11 (0.77%) Oozie
10 10 (0.70%) Hadoop YARN
11 7 (0.49%) PingFederate
12 6 (0.42%) Consul
12 6 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.35%) Marathon
13 5 (0.35%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.35%) Salt
14 4 (0.28%) Grafana
14 4 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
14 4 (0.28%) logstash
15 3 (0.21%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 141 (9.81%) Oracle
2 71 (4.94%) Sybase
3 47 (3.27%) IBM
3 47 (3.27%) TIBCO
4 37 (2.57%) ION Trading
5 35 (2.44%) Microsoft
6 33 (2.30%) Splunk
7 29 (2.02%) Red Hat
8 27 (1.88%) Google
9 22 (1.53%) Cloudera
10 19 (1.32%) Apigee
11 17 (1.18%) AppDynamics
11 17 (1.18%) Atlassian
12 16 (1.11%) Adobe
13 14 (0.97%) Hortonworks
14 13 (0.90%) MuleSoft
15 12 (0.84%) Reuters
15 12 (0.84%) ServiceNow
16 11 (0.77%) Tableau
17 10 (0.70%) VMware