Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,294 1,241 1,092
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.53% 18.93% 16.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.62% 36.81% 33.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,103 1,017 964
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £413 £406 £363
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% -2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 - -
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,738 3,371 3,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 53.52% 51.41% 48.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,111 2,697 2,772
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £369 £356 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 12 10
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £22.99 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.49% +2.19% -7.14%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.31 £18.17
90th Percentile £64.50 £36.73 £58.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £22.50
% change year-on-year -24.15% +25.98% -8.59%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +3 24 £575 -
Moorgate -6 1 £450 -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 551 (42.58%) Agile Software Development
2 425 (32.84%) Finance
3 312 (24.11%) TDD
4 308 (23.80%) Java 8
5 297 (22.95%) Banking
6 294 (22.72%) Spring
7 290 (22.41%) JavaScript
8 271 (20.94%) Amazon AWS
9 223 (17.23%) REST
10 219 (16.92%) Microservices
11 209 (16.15%) Python
12 203 (15.69%) DevOps
13 201 (15.53%) Linux
14 198 (15.30%) SQL
15 192 (14.84%) HTML
16 182 (14.06%) Jenkins
17 175 (13.52%) Docker
18 171 (13.21%) Git (software)
19 169 (13.06%) Web Services
20 163 (12.60%) AngularJS
21 161 (12.44%) Maven
22 152 (11.75%) Test Automation
23 145 (11.21%) Front Office
24 142 (10.97%) BDD
25 137 (10.59%) Multithreading
26 136 (10.51%) Low Latency
27 133 (10.28%) RESTful
28 132 (10.20%) Kafka
29 131 (10.12%) NoSQL
30 128 (9.89%) Scrum

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (6.65%) Apache Spark
2 78 (6.03%) Elasticsearch
3 61 (4.71%) Apache
4 47 (3.63%) Tomcat
5 38 (2.94%) WebSphere
6 37 (2.86%) Confluence
7 23 (1.78%) Cloud Foundry
8 20 (1.55%) JBoss
9 18 (1.39%) SAS
10 17 (1.31%) WebLogic
11 16 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 12 (0.93%) Apache Solr
13 11 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 9 (0.70%) CMS
14 9 (0.70%) MQSeries
15 8 (0.62%) Jetty
15 8 (0.62%) nginx
15 8 (0.62%) WordPress
16 7 (0.54%) OpenStack
17 6 (0.46%) Ethereum
Applications
1 18 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 3 (0.23%) OmniGraffle
3 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.077%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.077%) HipChat
4 1 (0.077%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.077%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.077%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.077%) Stata
Business Applications
1 21 (1.62%) ION MarketView
2 15 (1.16%) Actimize
3 7 (0.54%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.54%) Oracle General Ledger
4 4 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.31%) R3 Corda
5 3 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.23%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 2 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.15%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.15%) PeopleSoft HRMS
6 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.077%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.077%) Kondor
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.077%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.077%) Summit
7 1 (0.077%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.077%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 271 (20.94%) Amazon AWS
2 51 (3.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 36 (2.78%) Heroku
4 34 (2.63%) GitHub
5 30 (2.32%) Amazon S3
6 24 (1.85%) Google Cloud Platform
7 20 (1.55%) Serverless
8 19 (1.47%) PaaS
9 18 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
9 18 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
11 14 (1.08%) IaaS
12 13 (1.00%) npm
13 12 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 10 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
14 10 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
15 9 (0.70%) Route 53
15 9 (0.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 8 (0.62%) CloudFront
17 6 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 72 (5.56%) HTTP
2 47 (3.63%) TCP/IP
3 43 (3.32%) FTP
3 43 (3.32%) SSL
4 40 (3.09%) DNS
5 11 (0.85%) Internet
6 7 (0.54%) AMQP
6 7 (0.54%) Firewall
7 5 (0.39%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.31%) X.509
9 3 (0.23%) DHCP
9 3 (0.23%) ICMP
9 3 (0.23%) MQTT
9 3 (0.23%) Network Security
9 3 (0.23%) WAN
10 2 (0.15%) BIG-IP
10 2 (0.15%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
10 2 (0.15%) LAN
10 2 (0.15%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (10.12%) NoSQL
2 112 (8.66%) Big Data
3 105 (8.11%) MongoDB
4 104 (8.04%) Relational Database
5 103 (7.96%) Hadoop
6 80 (6.18%) SQL Server
7 60 (4.64%) Apache Cassandra
7 60 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
8 52 (4.02%) Apache Hive
9 46 (3.55%) MySQL
10 39 (3.01%) Redis
11 30 (2.32%) RDBMS
12 25 (1.93%) HBase
13 22 (1.70%) KDB
14 19 (1.47%) Blockchain
15 14 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
15 14 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
16 11 (0.85%) Amazon Redshift
17 10 (0.77%) Siebel EIM
18 9 (0.70%) DB2
Development Applications
1 182 (14.06%) Jenkins
2 171 (13.21%) Git (software)
3 161 (12.44%) Maven
4 96 (7.42%) JUnit
5 69 (5.33%) Selenium
6 67 (5.18%) Cucumber
7 64 (4.95%) Gradle
8 56 (4.33%) JIRA
9 46 (3.55%) Mockito
10 38 (2.94%) GitLab
11 26 (2.01%) gulp
12 23 (1.78%) TestNG
13 21 (1.62%) Appium
14 18 (1.39%) Eclipse
14 18 (1.39%) TeamCity
14 18 (1.39%) WebDriver
15 17 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
16 15 (1.16%) IntelliJ
16 15 (1.16%) Subversion
17 14 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 425 (32.84%) Finance
2 297 (22.95%) Banking
3 145 (11.21%) Front Office
4 110 (8.50%) Investment Banking
5 47 (3.63%) Financial Institution
6 38 (2.94%) Back Office
7 35 (2.70%) Telecoms
8 32 (2.47%) Retail
9 25 (1.93%) Games
10 22 (1.70%) Advertising
11 20 (1.55%) Marketing
12 19 (1.47%) Publishing
13 16 (1.24%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.85%) Legal
15 9 (0.70%) General Ledger
16 6 (0.46%) Law
17 5 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
18 3 (0.23%) Digital Economy
18 3 (0.23%) Private Banking
19 2 (0.15%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 852 (65.84%) Developer
2 623 (48.15%) Java Developer
3 190 (14.68%) Senior Developer
4 153 (11.82%) Senior Java Developer
5 64 (4.95%) Java Engineer
6 63 (4.87%) Architect
7 59 (4.56%) Full Stack Developer
8 51 (3.94%) Web Developer
9 46 (3.55%) DevOps Engineer
10 43 (3.32%) Agile Developer
11 41 (3.17%) Electronic Trading Developer
11 41 (3.17%) Java Web Developer
12 40 (3.09%) Front Office Developer
13 37 (2.86%) Agile Java Developer
13 37 (2.86%) Analyst
13 37 (2.86%) Big Data Engineer
13 37 (2.86%) Lead Developer
13 37 (2.86%) Scala Developer
14 35 (2.70%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
15 33 (2.55%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 294 (22.72%) Spring
2 223 (17.23%) REST
3 192 (14.84%) HTML
4 169 (13.06%) Web Services
5 163 (12.60%) AngularJS
6 133 (10.28%) RESTful
7 132 (10.20%) Kafka
8 119 (9.20%) Node.js
9 116 (8.96%) React
10 108 (8.35%) Spring Boot
11 105 (8.11%) SOAP
12 100 (7.73%) HTML5
13 92 (7.11%) CSS
14 90 (6.96%) XML
15 81 (6.26%) Hibernate
16 79 (6.11%) JSON
17 71 (5.49%) .NET
18 68 (5.26%) FIX Protocol
19 66 (5.10%) OAuth
20 64 (4.95%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 90 (6.96%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (6.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 74 (5.72%) Fintech
4 70 (5.41%) Derivative
5 55 (4.25%) Fixed Income
6 54 (4.17%) Computer Science
7 53 (4.10%) Algorithms
8 51 (3.94%) Mobile App
9 45 (3.48%) Analytical Skills
9 45 (3.48%) Equities
10 31 (2.40%) Equity Derivative
10 31 (2.40%) User Experience
11 25 (1.93%) Credit Risk
12 23 (1.78%) Data Structures
13 22 (1.70%) Hedge funds
14 19 (1.47%) iPad
14 19 (1.47%) Public Cloud
15 13 (1.00%) Cloud Native
16 11 (0.85%) Mobile Payment
17 8 (0.62%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 201 (15.53%) Linux
2 114 (8.81%) Unix
3 52 (4.02%) Android
4 48 (3.71%) Apple iOS
5 21 (1.62%) Windows
6 16 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.70%) CentOS
7 9 (0.70%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.31%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.23%) AIX
9 3 (0.23%) CoreOS
9 3 (0.23%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (0.23%) VMS
10 2 (0.15%) DC/OS
10 2 (0.15%) Solaris
11 1 (0.077%) Debian
11 1 (0.077%) Nucleus RTOS
11 1 (0.077%) OS/2
Processes & Methodologies
1 551 (42.58%) Agile Software Development
2 312 (24.11%) TDD
3 219 (16.92%) Microservices
4 203 (15.69%) DevOps
5 152 (11.75%) Test Automation
6 142 (10.97%) BDD
7 137 (10.59%) Multithreading
8 136 (10.51%) Low Latency
9 128 (9.89%) Scrum
10 122 (9.43%) Continuous Integration
11 109 (8.42%) Electronic Trading
12 92 (7.11%) Software Engineering
13 91 (7.03%) E-Commerce
14 75 (5.80%) OO
15 71 (5.49%) Pair Programming
16 69 (5.33%) Open Source
16 69 (5.33%) Web Development
17 66 (5.10%) Problem-Solving
18 65 (5.02%) SDLC
19 59 (4.56%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 308 (23.80%) Java 8
2 290 (22.41%) JavaScript
3 209 (16.15%) Python
4 198 (15.30%) SQL
5 123 (9.51%) Scala
6 68 (5.26%) C#
7 67 (5.18%) Ruby
8 55 (4.25%) Kotlin
9 45 (3.48%) C++
10 44 (3.40%) Bash Shell
11 43 (3.32%) ES6
12 42 (3.25%) Groovy
12 42 (3.25%) TypeScript
13 28 (2.16%) C
14 27 (2.09%) R
14 27 (2.09%) Shell Script
15 25 (1.93%) Clojure
16 22 (1.70%) Go
17 17 (1.31%) Perl
18 16 (1.24%) VBA
Qualifications
1 66 (5.10%) Degree
2 21 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
2 21 (1.62%) Security Cleared
3 16 (1.24%) SC Cleared
4 10 (0.77%) Siebel Certification
5 9 (0.70%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.54%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
7 5 (0.39%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.39%) PhD
8 4 (0.31%) Sun Certification
9 3 (0.23%) A+ Certification
9 3 (0.23%) MBA
10 2 (0.15%) CCNA
10 2 (0.15%) CCNP
10 2 (0.15%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.15%) ISEB
10 2 (0.15%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.15%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.15%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (5.72%) QA
2 7 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.46%) GCP
4 5 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.39%) MiFID
5 3 (0.23%) GDPR
5 3 (0.23%) ISO 8583
5 3 (0.23%) PSD2
5 3 (0.23%) SEPA
5 3 (0.23%) SLA
6 2 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.15%) EMIR
6 2 (0.15%) HL7
6 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.077%) WCAG
System Software
1 175 (13.52%) Docker
2 16 (1.24%) HDFS
3 9 (0.70%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.31%) Apache Flume
4 4 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.15%) OpenAM
6 2 (0.15%) Xen
7 1 (0.077%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.077%) KVM
7 1 (0.077%) NFS
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.077%) SRDF
7 1 (0.077%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.077%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 102 (7.88%) Kubernetes
2 66 (5.10%) Ansible
3 56 (4.33%) Terraform
4 49 (3.79%) Puppet
5 31 (2.40%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (2.24%) Docker Swarm
7 18 (1.39%) Kibana
8 17 (1.31%) Mesos
9 15 (1.16%) Prometheus
10 13 (1.00%) logstash
11 10 (0.77%) Grafana
11 10 (0.77%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.77%) Marathon
12 9 (0.70%) Oozie
13 8 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.54%) Packer
15 6 (0.46%) Consul
15 6 (0.46%) ZABBIX
16 5 (0.39%) Control-M
16 5 (0.39%) Nagios
Vendors
1 106 (8.19%) Oracle
2 45 (3.48%) Google
3 41 (3.17%) IBM
4 32 (2.47%) TIBCO
5 29 (2.24%) Sybase
6 26 (2.01%) Microsoft
7 21 (1.62%) ION Trading
8 19 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (1.47%) Splunk
9 17 (1.31%) Apigee
9 17 (1.31%) SAP
10 16 (1.24%) Atlassian
11 14 (1.08%) Adobe
11 14 (1.08%) AppDynamics
12 13 (1.00%) hybris
12 13 (1.00%) MuleSoft
13 10 (0.77%) Cloudera
13 10 (0.77%) New Relic
13 10 (0.77%) Siebel
13 10 (0.77%) Tableau