Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 462 1,013 1,381
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 14.57% 15.64% 19.93%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.14% 30.96% 37.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 364 834 1,183
Median daily rate £572 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.61% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £413 £438 £417
90th Percentile £713 £725 £725
Central London median daily rate £560 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +1.82% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 0 11
Median hourly rate £48.50 - £21.50
10th Percentile £33.35 - £12.50
90th Percentile £58.25 - £21.75
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year -50.00% +225.58% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,533 3,272 3,649
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.36% 50.53% 52.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,160 2,645 3,062
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £376 £406 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £694
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +5.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 21 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -24.15%
10th Percentile £24.20 £21.00 £12.75
90th Percentile £56.80 £56.50 £48.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -24.15%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +16 4 £588 -
London Bridge +36 1 - -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 209 (45.24%) Agile Software Development
2 121 (26.19%) Spring
2 121 (26.19%) Microservices
3 117 (25.32%) Finance
4 113 (24.46%) TDD
5 98 (21.21%) Python
6 91 (19.70%) JavaScript
7 87 (18.83%) DevOps
8 83 (17.97%) SQL
9 81 (17.53%) AWS
10 75 (16.23%) Kubernetes
11 74 (16.02%) Banking
12 69 (14.94%) Docker
13 61 (13.20%) Spring Boot
14 60 (12.99%) Java 8
15 57 (12.34%) Kafka
15 57 (12.34%) Test Automation
16 53 (11.47%) Continuous Integration
17 52 (11.26%) BDD
17 52 (11.26%) Front Office
17 52 (11.26%) HTML
18 49 (10.61%) Git (software)
19 48 (10.39%) REST
19 48 (10.39%) Multithreading
19 48 (10.39%) Jenkins
20 47 (10.17%) Azure
20 47 (10.17%) C#
20 47 (10.17%) Scrum
21 45 (9.74%) Oracle
22 44 (9.52%) RESTful

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (7.14%) Apache Spark
2 20 (4.33%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (2.81%) Confluence
4 12 (2.60%) WebLogic
5 9 (1.95%) Apache
6 8 (1.73%) Cloud Foundry
7 6 (1.30%) CMS
8 5 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (1.08%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.87%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.65%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.43%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.43%) Drupal
11 2 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.43%) SAS
11 2 (0.43%) Umbraco
12 1 (0.22%) nginx
12 1 (0.22%) SAP Portal
Applications
1 7 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.08%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.22%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 3 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.22%) Orchestrade
3 1 (0.22%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 81 (17.53%) AWS
2 47 (10.17%) Azure
3 42 (9.09%) GCP
4 20 (4.33%) GitHub
5 8 (1.73%) OpenShift
5 8 (1.73%) Power Platform
6 7 (1.52%) SaaS
7 6 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
7 6 (1.30%) AWS Lambda
7 6 (1.30%) Serverless
8 5 (1.08%) Amazon Kinesis
8 5 (1.08%) Amazon S3
8 5 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (0.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 4 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (0.87%) npm
10 3 (0.65%) Apigee
10 3 (0.65%) PaaS
10 3 (0.65%) Tricentis Tosca
10 3 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.81%) SSL
2 12 (2.60%) HTTP
3 7 (1.52%) HTTPS
3 7 (1.52%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.30%) Firewall
5 5 (1.08%) DNS
6 3 (0.65%) FTP
7 2 (0.43%) AMQP
7 2 (0.43%) DSL
7 2 (0.43%) Multicast
8 1 (0.22%) Broadband
8 1 (0.22%) DHCP
8 1 (0.22%) DOCSIS
8 1 (0.22%) Ethernet
8 1 (0.22%) Internet
8 1 (0.22%) IPv4
8 1 (0.22%) IPv6
8 1 (0.22%) MQTT
8 1 (0.22%) SNMP
8 1 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (8.23%) NoSQL
2 28 (6.06%) SQL Server
3 25 (5.41%) Big Data
4 18 (3.90%) MySQL
5 16 (3.46%) MongoDB
6 14 (3.03%) Relational Database
7 13 (2.81%) Hadoop
8 12 (2.60%) PostgreSQL
9 11 (2.38%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
10 9 (1.95%) Oracle Database
10 9 (1.95%) RDBMS
11 8 (1.73%) Power BI
11 8 (1.73%) Redis
12 6 (1.30%) Data Lake
13 5 (1.08%) Apache Hive
13 5 (1.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 4 (0.87%) Amazon Aurora
14 4 (0.87%) Flink
14 4 (0.87%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 49 (10.61%) Git (software)
2 48 (10.39%) Jenkins
3 32 (6.93%) JUnit
4 30 (6.49%) JIRA
5 24 (5.19%) Maven
6 18 (3.90%) Gradle
6 18 (3.90%) Selenium
7 15 (3.25%) Cucumber
7 15 (3.25%) GitLab
7 15 (3.25%) Mockito
8 12 (2.60%) Ant
8 12 (2.60%) TeamCity
9 7 (1.52%) Android Studio
9 7 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (1.30%) git-flow
10 6 (1.30%) JMeter
10 6 (1.30%) Sonatype Nexus
10 6 (1.30%) Team Foundation Server
11 5 (1.08%) Eclipse
11 5 (1.08%) Subversion
General
1 117 (25.32%) Finance
2 74 (16.02%) Banking
3 52 (11.26%) Front Office
4 21 (4.55%) Investment Banking
5 14 (3.03%) Financial Institution
5 14 (3.03%) Retail
6 10 (2.16%) Public Sector
7 7 (1.52%) Back Office
8 6 (1.30%) Law
9 5 (1.08%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.87%) Games
10 4 (0.87%) Police
11 3 (0.65%) Automotive
11 3 (0.65%) Marketing
12 2 (0.43%) French Language
13 1 (0.22%) Advertising
13 1 (0.22%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.22%) Legal
13 1 (0.22%) Local Government
13 1 (0.22%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 281 (60.82%) Developer
2 199 (43.07%) Java Developer
3 36 (7.79%) DevOps Engineer
4 30 (6.49%) Full Stack Developer
5 25 (5.41%) Senior Developer
6 22 (4.76%) AWS Developer
6 22 (4.76%) Java Engineer
7 21 (4.55%) Architect
8 16 (3.46%) Senior Java Developer
9 14 (3.03%) C# Developer
10 12 (2.60%) AWS DevOps
10 12 (2.60%) AWS Engineer
10 12 (2.60%) Software Engineer
11 11 (2.38%) Analyst
11 11 (2.38%) Android Developer
11 11 (2.38%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 11 (2.38%) Front Office Developer
12 10 (2.16%) Consultant
12 10 (2.16%) Scala Developer
12 10 (2.16%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (26.19%) Spring
2 61 (13.20%) Spring Boot
3 57 (12.34%) Kafka
4 52 (11.26%) HTML
5 48 (10.39%) REST
6 44 (9.52%) RESTful
7 43 (9.31%) AngularJS
8 41 (8.87%) React
9 36 (7.79%) Web Services
10 33 (7.14%) CSS
10 33 (7.14%) HTML5
11 30 (6.49%) .NET
12 24 (5.19%) Node.js
13 18 (3.90%) J2EE
14 17 (3.68%) SOAP
15 16 (3.46%) RxJava
16 15 (3.25%) Spring Cloud
17 14 (3.03%) JSON
18 12 (2.60%) FIX Protocol
18 12 (2.60%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 39 (8.44%) Greenfield Project
2 30 (6.49%) Enterprise Software
2 30 (6.49%) Fixed Income
3 29 (6.28%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (6.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 17 (3.68%) Data Structures
5 16 (3.46%) User Experience
6 14 (3.03%) Mobile App
7 10 (2.16%) Derivative
7 10 (2.16%) Market Risk
8 9 (1.95%) Cloud Native
8 9 (1.95%) Credit Risk
8 9 (1.95%) Hedge funds
9 8 (1.73%) Algorithms
10 6 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
10 6 (1.30%) Mobile Payment
10 6 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (0.87%) Equities
11 4 (0.87%) iPad
12 3 (0.65%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 42 (9.09%) Linux
2 22 (4.76%) Unix
3 20 (4.33%) Android
4 13 (2.81%) Windows
5 8 (1.73%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.65%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.43%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.22%) AIX
8 1 (0.22%) CentOS
8 1 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.22%) Solaris
8 1 (0.22%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 209 (45.24%) Agile Software Development
2 121 (26.19%) Microservices
3 113 (24.46%) TDD
4 87 (18.83%) DevOps
5 57 (12.34%) Test Automation
6 53 (11.47%) Continuous Integration
7 52 (11.26%) BDD
8 48 (10.39%) Multithreading
9 47 (10.17%) Scrum
10 44 (9.52%) SDLC
10 44 (9.52%) Software Engineering
11 32 (6.93%) OO
12 30 (6.49%) Computer Science
12 30 (6.49%) Electronic Trading
13 29 (6.28%) Low Latency
14 28 (6.06%) Fintech
15 26 (5.63%) Continuous Delivery
16 25 (5.41%) Pair Programming
17 24 (5.19%) Continuous Improvement
18 23 (4.98%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 98 (21.21%) Python
2 91 (19.70%) JavaScript
3 83 (17.97%) SQL
4 60 (12.99%) Java 8
5 47 (10.17%) C#
6 41 (8.87%) Scala
7 40 (8.66%) Kotlin
8 22 (4.76%) C++
9 18 (3.90%) Go
10 17 (3.68%) Groovy
10 17 (3.68%) TypeScript
11 15 (3.25%) Ruby
12 12 (2.60%) PHP
12 12 (2.60%) Shell Script
13 11 (2.38%) C
14 10 (2.16%) Bash Shell
14 10 (2.16%) PL/SQL
15 9 (1.95%) R
16 8 (1.73%) PowerShell
17 7 (1.52%) Perl
Qualifications
1 29 (6.28%) Degree
2 22 (4.76%) Security Cleared
3 18 (3.90%) SC Cleared
4 12 (2.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.73%) ISTQB
6 6 (1.30%) Master's Degree
7 5 (1.08%) ISEB
8 2 (0.43%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.22%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (5.19%) QA
2 4 (0.87%) MiFID
3 2 (0.43%) GDPR
3 2 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 2 (0.43%) PSD2
3 2 (0.43%) WCAG
4 1 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.22%) HIPAA
4 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 69 (14.94%) Docker
2 7 (1.52%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.08%) HDFS
4 3 (0.65%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.65%) OpenDJ
5 2 (0.43%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.43%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.22%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.22%) zsh
Systems Management
1 75 (16.23%) Kubernetes
2 29 (6.28%) Terraform
3 27 (5.84%) Ansible
4 12 (2.60%) Puppet
5 8 (1.73%) Kibana
6 7 (1.52%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.30%) Grafana
7 6 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.87%) logstash
9 3 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (0.65%) Istio
9 3 (0.65%) Zipkin
10 2 (0.43%) Data Guard
10 2 (0.43%) Oracle RMAN
11 1 (0.22%) Control-M
11 1 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
11 1 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 1 (0.22%) SCOM
Vendors
1 45 (9.74%) Oracle
2 19 (4.11%) Microsoft
3 17 (3.68%) Google
4 12 (2.60%) Salesforce.com
5 9 (1.95%) Splunk
6 6 (1.30%) SAP
7 5 (1.08%) Sybase
8 4 (0.87%) CA
8 4 (0.87%) CA Agile Central
8 4 (0.87%) ForgeRock
8 4 (0.87%) HP
8 4 (0.87%) Informatica
8 4 (0.87%) MuleSoft
8 4 (0.87%) Tableau
9 3 (0.65%) Adobe
9 3 (0.65%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.65%) BEA
9 3 (0.65%) Databricks
9 3 (0.65%) Pega
9 3 (0.65%) webMethods