Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 10 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -6 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing Java 569 368 700
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 14.17% 17.45% 14.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.18% 35.11% 29.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 466 301 590
10th Percentile £469 £363 £416
25th Percentile £525 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £585 £575
Median % change year-on-year +6.93% +1.65% -
75th Percentile £738 £688 £650
90th Percentile £813 £750 £719
Central London median daily rate £625 £575 £575
% change year-on-year +8.70% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
10th Percentile - - £44.83
25th Percentile £55.00 - £44.95
Median hourly rate £58.00 - £48.89
75th Percentile £61.00 - £52.81
90th Percentile - - £52.93
Central London median hourly rate £58.00 - £48.89

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,950 1,048 2,342
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.57% 49.69% 48.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,541 815 1,891
10th Percentile £413 £360 £388
25th Percentile £500 £431 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £775 £700 £688
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 13
10th Percentile £43.45 - £21.00
25th Percentile £48.00 £12.75 £21.17
Median hourly rate £59.25 £13.75 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +330.91% -71.05% +28.07%
75th Percentile £66.25 £20.00 £52.25
90th Percentile £77.63 £30.35 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £59.25 £14.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +323.21% -61.38% -2.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 237 (41.65%) Agile Software Development
2 148 (26.01%) Microservices
3 146 (25.66%) CI/CD
3 146 (25.66%) Finance
4 142 (24.96%) SQL
5 139 (24.43%) AWS
6 130 (22.85%) Python
7 121 (21.27%) Spring
8 120 (21.09%) TDD
9 118 (20.74%) DevOps
10 114 (20.04%) Docker
10 114 (20.04%) Banking
11 90 (15.82%) Kubernetes
12 89 (15.64%) Software Engineering
12 89 (15.64%) REST
13 86 (15.11%) Front Office
14 83 (14.59%) Kafka
15 72 (12.65%) Linux
16 70 (12.30%) Social Skills
17 69 (12.13%) Terraform
18 68 (11.95%) Jenkins
18 68 (11.95%) BDD
19 67 (11.78%) Test Automation
20 66 (11.60%) Oracle
20 66 (11.60%) JavaScript
21 65 (11.42%) Azure
22 63 (11.07%) Scrum
23 61 (10.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
24 60 (10.54%) Investment Banking
24 60 (10.54%) Spring Boot

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.27%) Confluence
2 23 (4.04%) Apache Spark
3 19 (3.34%) WebLogic
4 16 (2.81%) Apache
5 9 (1.58%) CMS
6 7 (1.23%) JBoss
6 7 (1.23%) Tomcat
7 5 (0.88%) Apache Airflow
7 5 (0.88%) OpenStack
8 4 (0.70%) Headless CMS
8 4 (0.70%) Magnolia
8 4 (0.70%) Oracle Coherence
8 4 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.70%) Red Hat Fuse
9 3 (0.53%) Appian
9 3 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.53%) IIS
9 3 (0.53%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.35%) FileNet
10 2 (0.35%) Mule
Applications
1 11 (1.93%) Spreadsheet
2 6 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 12 (2.11%) TIBCO iProcess
2 4 (0.70%) ION MarketView
3 3 (0.53%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.18%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.18%) RMDS
4 1 (0.18%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.18%) Temenos T24
4 1 (0.18%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 139 (24.43%) AWS
2 65 (11.42%) Azure
3 45 (7.91%) GCP
4 35 (6.15%) Serverless
5 25 (4.39%) AWS Lambda
6 20 (3.51%) AWS CloudFormation
6 20 (3.51%) GitHub
7 16 (2.81%) Amazon S3
8 13 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
8 13 (2.28%) Amazon EKS
9 12 (2.11%) OpenShift
10 7 (1.23%) Amazon SQS
10 7 (1.23%) SaaS
11 6 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (1.05%) Amazon ECS
11 6 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
11 6 (1.05%) PaaS
11 6 (1.05%) Snowflake
12 5 (0.88%) IaaS
13 4 (0.70%) Matillion
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.04%) HTTP
2 16 (2.81%) HTTPS
3 9 (1.58%) Internet
4 6 (1.05%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.88%) DNS
5 5 (0.88%) SSL
6 4 (0.70%) Firewall
7 3 (0.53%) LAN
8 2 (0.35%) AMQP
8 2 (0.35%) BGP
8 2 (0.35%) MQTT
8 2 (0.35%) SAN
9 1 (0.18%) DMZ
9 1 (0.18%) Multicast
9 1 (0.18%) Network Security
9 1 (0.18%) Radio Access Network
9 1 (0.18%) SSH
9 1 (0.18%) VPN
9 1 (0.18%) WAN
9 1 (0.18%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (9.31%) NoSQL
2 32 (5.62%) SQL Server
3 29 (5.10%) Relational Database
4 28 (4.92%) MySQL
5 24 (4.22%) PostgreSQL
6 22 (3.87%) Big Data
6 22 (3.87%) MongoDB
7 20 (3.51%) Oracle Database
8 13 (2.28%) Hadoop
9 12 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
9 12 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.11%) RDBMS
10 10 (1.76%) Tableau
11 7 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 6 (1.05%) Data Lake
12 6 (1.05%) Redis
13 5 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
13 5 (0.88%) Flink
13 5 (0.88%) KDB
14 4 (0.70%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 68 (11.95%) Jenkins
2 59 (10.37%) Git (software)
3 52 (9.14%) Cucumber
4 49 (8.61%) Maven
5 48 (8.44%) JIRA
6 35 (6.15%) Selenium
7 28 (4.92%) JMeter
8 23 (4.04%) GitLab
9 13 (2.28%) Bitbucket
9 13 (2.28%) JUnit
10 9 (1.58%) CircleCI
10 9 (1.58%) LoadRunner
10 9 (1.58%) TeamCity
10 9 (1.58%) webpack
11 8 (1.41%) Gradle
11 8 (1.41%) Mockito
12 7 (1.23%) Postman
12 7 (1.23%) WebDriver
13 6 (1.05%) Gatling
13 6 (1.05%) REST Assured
General
1 146 (25.66%) Finance
2 114 (20.04%) Banking
3 86 (15.11%) Front Office
4 70 (12.30%) Social Skills
5 60 (10.54%) Investment Banking
6 33 (5.80%) Analytical Skills
7 20 (3.51%) Legal
8 16 (2.81%) Financial Institution
9 13 (2.28%) Retail
10 10 (1.76%) Public Sector
11 8 (1.41%) Publishing
12 6 (1.05%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 5 (0.88%) Organisational Skills
14 4 (0.70%) Advertising
14 4 (0.70%) Games
14 4 (0.70%) International Banking
14 4 (0.70%) Presentation Skills
15 3 (0.53%) Back Office
15 3 (0.53%) Marketing
16 2 (0.35%) Law
Job Titles
1 312 (54.83%) Developer
2 236 (41.48%) Java Developer
3 45 (7.91%) Java Engineer
4 39 (6.85%) Architect
5 36 (6.33%) Senior Developer
6 29 (5.10%) Tester
7 28 (4.92%) Senior Java Developer
8 26 (4.57%) Full Stack Developer
8 26 (4.57%) Senior Java Engineer
9 25 (4.39%) DevOps Engineer
9 25 (4.39%) Software Engineer
10 24 (4.22%) Front Office Developer
11 18 (3.16%) Data Engineer
11 18 (3.16%) Java Software Engineer
12 17 (2.99%) Consultant
12 17 (2.99%) Senior Java Software Engineer
12 17 (2.99%) Senior Software Engineer
13 16 (2.81%) Python Developer
14 14 (2.46%) Solutions Architect
14 14 (2.46%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (21.27%) Spring
2 89 (15.64%) REST
3 83 (14.59%) Kafka
4 60 (10.54%) Spring Boot
5 40 (7.03%) React
5 40 (7.03%) RESTful
6 37 (6.50%) Node.js
7 32 (5.62%) HTML
7 32 (5.62%) XML
8 30 (5.27%) AngularJS
9 29 (5.10%) Web Services
10 26 (4.57%) J2EE
11 24 (4.22%) Hibernate
12 23 (4.04%) .NET
12 23 (4.04%) CSS
12 23 (4.04%) SOAP
13 21 (3.69%) JSON
14 17 (2.99%) HTML5
15 12 (2.11%) JMS
16 10 (1.76%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 61 (10.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 46 (8.08%) Fixed Income
3 25 (4.39%) Equities
4 24 (4.22%) Greenfield Project
5 23 (4.04%) Derivative
5 23 (4.04%) Hedge funds
6 21 (3.69%) Enterprise Software
7 20 (3.51%) Legacy Systems
8 12 (2.11%) Management Information System
9 9 (1.58%) Mobile App
9 9 (1.58%) User Experience
10 8 (1.41%) Algorithms
10 8 (1.41%) Public Cloud
11 7 (1.23%) Cloud Native
11 7 (1.23%) Data Centre
11 7 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
13 4 (0.70%) Data Structures
13 4 (0.70%) Hybrid Cloud
13 4 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 72 (12.65%) Linux
2 47 (8.26%) Unix
3 22 (3.87%) Windows
4 12 (2.11%) Mesosphere
5 5 (0.88%) Android
5 5 (0.88%) Mac OS
5 5 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.70%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.35%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.35%) CentOS
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.18%) Android TV
8 1 (0.18%) Debian
8 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.18%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.18%) VMS
8 1 (0.18%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 237 (41.65%) Agile Software Development
2 148 (26.01%) Microservices
3 146 (25.66%) CI/CD
4 120 (21.09%) TDD
5 118 (20.74%) DevOps
6 89 (15.64%) Software Engineering
7 68 (11.95%) BDD
8 67 (11.78%) Test Automation
9 63 (11.07%) Scrum
10 52 (9.14%) Low Latency
11 48 (8.44%) Electronic Trading
11 48 (8.44%) SDLC
12 44 (7.73%) Continuous Integration
13 41 (7.21%) Computer Science
14 40 (7.03%) Full Stack Development
15 36 (6.33%) Fintech
15 36 (6.33%) Multithreading
15 36 (6.33%) Problem-Solving
16 34 (5.98%) Analytics
16 34 (5.98%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 142 (24.96%) SQL
2 130 (22.85%) Python
3 66 (11.60%) JavaScript
4 39 (6.85%) C++
5 38 (6.68%) C#
6 37 (6.50%) Kotlin
7 31 (5.45%) Java 8
8 27 (4.75%) Java 11
9 26 (4.57%) Scala
10 22 (3.87%) Shell Script
11 20 (3.51%) Ruby
11 20 (3.51%) TypeScript
12 19 (3.34%) Go
13 16 (2.81%) C
14 14 (2.46%) PHP
14 14 (2.46%) PL/SQL
15 13 (2.28%) Perl
16 11 (1.93%) Groovy
17 10 (1.76%) Bash
18 7 (1.23%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 42 (7.38%) Degree
2 23 (4.04%) Security Cleared
3 19 (3.34%) SC Cleared
4 17 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.05%) CISSP
6 5 (0.88%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 5 (0.88%) Sun Certification
7 4 (0.70%) CTC Cleared
8 3 (0.53%) CEH
8 3 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.53%) OCPJP
9 2 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.35%) CSSLP
9 2 (0.35%) GIAC
9 2 (0.35%) ISEB
10 1 (0.18%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.18%) CREST Certified
10 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.18%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (5.45%) QA
2 17 (2.99%) GDPR
3 8 (1.41%) Accessibility
4 3 (0.53%) Actionable Recommendations
4 3 (0.53%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.53%) SLA
5 1 (0.18%) CDISC
5 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.18%) LOINC
5 1 (0.18%) MiFID
5 1 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.18%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 114 (20.04%) Docker
2 6 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.53%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.35%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.18%) GeoWebCache
5 1 (0.18%) HDFS
5 1 (0.18%) IAG
5 1 (0.18%) Squid
5 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 90 (15.82%) Kubernetes
2 69 (12.13%) Terraform
3 46 (8.08%) Ansible
4 19 (3.34%) Opscode Chef
5 16 (2.81%) Puppet
6 7 (1.23%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.05%) Grafana
7 6 (1.05%) Packer
7 6 (1.05%) Salt
8 5 (0.88%) Kibana
9 4 (0.70%) Marathon
9 4 (0.70%) Mesos
10 3 (0.53%) Nagios
10 3 (0.53%) Nessus
11 2 (0.35%) CA Service Virtualization
11 2 (0.35%) Consul
11 2 (0.35%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.35%) Icinga
11 2 (0.35%) Istio
11 2 (0.35%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 66 (11.60%) Oracle
2 19 (3.34%) Confluent
3 18 (3.16%) Microsoft
4 17 (2.99%) TIBCO
5 13 (2.28%) AppDynamics
6 11 (1.93%) Google
6 11 (1.93%) Sybase
7 8 (1.41%) Red Hat
8 7 (1.23%) IBM
8 7 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
9 6 (1.05%) ION Trading
10 4 (0.70%) Atlassian
10 4 (0.70%) HP
10 4 (0.70%) New Relic
10 4 (0.70%) Splunk
10 4 (0.70%) Sun
11 3 (0.53%) Qualys
11 3 (0.53%) SAP
11 3 (0.53%) SunGard
12 2 (0.35%) CA