Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,269 1,348 1,075
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.13% 19.63% 16.13%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.53% 37.76% 32.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,076 1,117 942
City of London median daily rate £575 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £413 £411 £363
90th Percentile £725 £705 £675
Central London median daily rate £563 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +2.27% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 3
City of London median hourly rate £13.00 - £45.00
10th Percentile £12.50 - £17.30
90th Percentile £13.50 - £54.99
Central London median hourly rate £13.00 - £45.00

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,785 3,570 3,327
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 54.07% 51.99% 49.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,150 2,908 2,797
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £375 £363 £319
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £470
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.38% +1.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 11 11
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.51% -21.82% +15.79%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.30 £16.63
90th Percentile £62.50 £30.00 £56.87
Central London median hourly rate £29.55 £21.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +37.42% -21.82% +15.79%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -6 44 £575 -
Moorgate -9 5 £525 -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 574 (45.23%) Agile Software Development
2 407 (32.07%) Finance
3 326 (25.69%) Spring
4 324 (25.53%) TDD
5 306 (24.11%) Java 8
6 285 (22.46%) Amazon AWS
7 283 (22.30%) Banking
8 270 (21.28%) JavaScript
9 249 (19.62%) Microservices
10 228 (17.97%) DevOps
11 215 (16.94%) Docker
12 213 (16.78%) Python
13 200 (15.76%) REST
14 182 (14.34%) Jenkins
15 181 (14.26%) Linux
16 180 (14.18%) HTML
17 178 (14.03%) SQL
18 174 (13.71%) Git (software)
19 172 (13.55%) Maven
20 166 (13.08%) Test Automation
21 160 (12.61%) BDD
22 158 (12.45%) Spring Boot
23 150 (11.82%) Front Office
24 149 (11.74%) AngularJS
25 147 (11.58%) Kubernetes
26 141 (11.11%) Multithreading
27 139 (10.95%) Kafka
28 136 (10.72%) Low Latency
29 133 (10.48%) Continuous Integration
30 132 (10.40%) Scrum

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (6.86%) Apache Spark
2 77 (6.07%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (3.47%) Apache
4 38 (2.99%) Tomcat
5 31 (2.44%) WebSphere
6 29 (2.29%) Confluence
7 27 (2.13%) WebLogic
8 20 (1.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 19 (1.50%) JBoss
10 17 (1.34%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (1.34%) SAS
11 15 (1.18%) WordPress
12 13 (1.02%) CMS
13 10 (0.79%) OpenStack
14 8 (0.63%) Apache Solr
15 7 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 7 (0.55%) MQSeries
15 7 (0.55%) Mule
16 6 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
16 6 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 11 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.079%) Acrobat
3 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.079%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (1.26%) Actimize
2 10 (0.79%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.55%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.55%) Oracle General Ledger
4 3 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.16%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.079%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.079%) Kondor
6 1 (0.079%) MetaTrader
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.079%) Summit
6 1 (0.079%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 285 (22.46%) Amazon AWS
2 54 (4.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (2.36%) Heroku
4 29 (2.29%) GitHub
5 28 (2.21%) Serverless
6 26 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
7 22 (1.73%) Amazon S3
7 22 (1.73%) Google Cloud Platform
8 16 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (1.18%) PaaS
10 13 (1.02%) Apigee
11 12 (0.95%) Amazon Kinesis
11 12 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.87%) Amazon EMR
12 11 (0.87%) IaaS
13 10 (0.79%) npm
14 8 (0.63%) IBM Cloud
14 8 (0.63%) OpenShift
15 6 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
16 5 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 58 (4.57%) HTTP
2 41 (3.23%) TCP/IP
3 35 (2.76%) DNS
3 35 (2.76%) SSL
4 32 (2.52%) FTP
5 9 (0.71%) Internet
6 7 (0.55%) AMQP
6 7 (0.55%) Firewall
7 5 (0.39%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.32%) MQTT
8 4 (0.32%) Network Security
9 3 (0.24%) DHCP
9 3 (0.24%) ICMP
9 3 (0.24%) X.509
10 2 (0.16%) BIG-IP
11 1 (0.079%) BGP
11 1 (0.079%) Cisco ICM
11 1 (0.079%) MPLS
11 1 (0.079%) OSPF
11 1 (0.079%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 120 (9.46%) NoSQL
2 105 (8.27%) MongoDB
3 103 (8.12%) Big Data
4 99 (7.80%) Relational Database
5 96 (7.57%) Hadoop
6 89 (7.01%) SQL Server
7 61 (4.81%) PostgreSQL
8 60 (4.73%) Apache Cassandra
9 53 (4.18%) MySQL
10 45 (3.55%) Apache Hive
11 43 (3.39%) Redis
12 36 (2.84%) RDBMS
13 16 (1.26%) HBase
14 14 (1.10%) Riak
15 12 (0.95%) DB2
15 12 (0.95%) KDB
16 10 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
16 10 (0.79%) Sqoop
17 9 (0.71%) Amazon Redshift
17 9 (0.71%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 182 (14.34%) Jenkins
2 174 (13.71%) Git (software)
3 172 (13.55%) Maven
4 92 (7.25%) JUnit
5 80 (6.30%) Cucumber
6 76 (5.99%) Gradle
6 76 (5.99%) Selenium
7 58 (4.57%) Mockito
8 54 (4.26%) JIRA
9 35 (2.76%) GitLab
10 29 (2.29%) gulp
11 24 (1.89%) Subversion
12 21 (1.65%) WebDriver
13 20 (1.58%) Appium
13 20 (1.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 19 (1.50%) TeamCity
15 18 (1.42%) IntelliJ
16 15 (1.18%) Bitbucket
16 15 (1.18%) JMeter
17 14 (1.10%) Eclipse
General
1 407 (32.07%) Finance
2 283 (22.30%) Banking
3 150 (11.82%) Front Office
4 96 (7.57%) Investment Banking
5 37 (2.92%) Publishing
6 35 (2.76%) Back Office
7 34 (2.68%) Financial Institution
8 25 (1.97%) Telecoms
9 24 (1.89%) Advertising
10 20 (1.58%) Retail
11 17 (1.34%) Marketing
12 10 (0.79%) Games
12 10 (0.79%) Law
12 10 (0.79%) Retail Banking
13 9 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
14 8 (0.63%) Legal
15 7 (0.55%) General Ledger
16 2 (0.16%) Automotive
16 2 (0.16%) Electronics
16 2 (0.16%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 822 (64.78%) Developer
2 622 (49.01%) Java Developer
3 191 (15.05%) Senior Developer
4 161 (12.69%) Senior Java Developer
5 86 (6.78%) Full Stack Developer
6 73 (5.75%) DevOps Engineer
7 59 (4.65%) Java Engineer
8 54 (4.26%) Architect
9 44 (3.47%) Front Office Developer
10 41 (3.23%) Agile Developer
11 38 (2.99%) Agile Java Developer
12 37 (2.92%) Analyst
13 34 (2.68%) Technical Leader
14 33 (2.60%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 31 (2.44%) AWS Developer
15 31 (2.44%) Big Data Engineer
15 31 (2.44%) Senior Java Engineer
16 30 (2.36%) AWS Engineer
16 30 (2.36%) Scala Developer
17 29 (2.29%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 326 (25.69%) Spring
2 200 (15.76%) REST
3 180 (14.18%) HTML
4 158 (12.45%) Spring Boot
5 149 (11.74%) AngularJS
6 139 (10.95%) Kafka
7 117 (9.22%) Web Services
8 116 (9.14%) React
9 112 (8.83%) RESTful
10 98 (7.72%) Node.js
11 95 (7.49%) Hibernate
12 91 (7.17%) HTML5
13 90 (7.09%) CSS
14 78 (6.15%) JSON
15 72 (5.67%) SOAP
16 71 (5.59%) XML
17 66 (5.20%) Middleware
18 64 (5.04%) JMS
19 63 (4.96%) FIX Protocol
20 61 (4.81%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 114 (8.98%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (6.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 68 (5.36%) Fintech
4 65 (5.12%) Equities
4 65 (5.12%) Fixed Income
5 63 (4.96%) Computer Science
6 60 (4.73%) Derivative
7 43 (3.39%) Mobile App
8 37 (2.92%) Algorithms
9 33 (2.60%) User Experience
10 26 (2.05%) iPad
11 25 (1.97%) Analytical Skills
12 24 (1.89%) Equity Derivative
13 19 (1.50%) Data Structures
14 17 (1.34%) Public Cloud
15 16 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
16 14 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
17 11 (0.87%) Credit Risk
17 11 (0.87%) Hedge funds
18 9 (0.71%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 181 (14.26%) Linux
2 130 (10.24%) Unix
3 37 (2.92%) Android
4 34 (2.68%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.73%) Windows
6 14 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.95%) Windows Server
8 11 (0.87%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.63%) CentOS
10 3 (0.24%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
10 3 (0.24%) Solaris
10 3 (0.24%) VMS
11 2 (0.16%) AIX
11 2 (0.16%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.16%) Debian
12 1 (0.079%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.079%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.079%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 574 (45.23%) Agile Software Development
2 324 (25.53%) TDD
3 249 (19.62%) Microservices
4 228 (17.97%) DevOps
5 166 (13.08%) Test Automation
6 160 (12.61%) BDD
7 141 (11.11%) Multithreading
8 136 (10.72%) Low Latency
9 133 (10.48%) Continuous Integration
10 132 (10.40%) Scrum
11 104 (8.20%) Electronic Trading
12 99 (7.80%) OO
13 95 (7.49%) Software Engineering
14 86 (6.78%) Open Source
15 79 (6.23%) SDLC
16 71 (5.59%) E-Commerce
16 71 (5.59%) Problem-Solving
17 67 (5.28%) Pair Programming
18 54 (4.26%) Continuous Delivery
19 53 (4.18%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 306 (24.11%) Java 8
2 270 (21.28%) JavaScript
3 213 (16.78%) Python
4 178 (14.03%) SQL
5 124 (9.77%) Scala
6 68 (5.36%) C#
7 56 (4.41%) Kotlin
8 45 (3.55%) Ruby
9 43 (3.39%) C++
10 41 (3.23%) ES6
10 41 (3.23%) TypeScript
11 40 (3.15%) Bash Shell
12 38 (2.99%) Groovy
13 30 (2.36%) Shell Script
14 26 (2.05%) Go
15 24 (1.89%) Clojure
16 20 (1.58%) C
16 20 (1.58%) Perl
17 19 (1.50%) PL/SQL
18 17 (1.34%) PHP
Qualifications
1 73 (5.75%) Degree
2 27 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 17 (1.34%) Security Cleared
4 10 (0.79%) SC Cleared
5 6 (0.47%) Master's Degree
5 6 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
6 5 (0.39%) AWS Certification
6 5 (0.39%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.39%) Sun Certification
7 4 (0.32%) Siebel Certification
8 3 (0.24%) A+ Certification
8 3 (0.24%) ISEB
8 3 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 3 (0.24%) PhD
9 2 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.16%) CCSA
9 2 (0.16%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.16%) MBA
9 2 (0.16%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.079%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (5.99%) QA
2 12 (0.95%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (0.39%) PSD2
4 3 (0.24%) SLA
5 2 (0.16%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.16%) ISO 8583
5 2 (0.16%) MiFID
6 1 (0.079%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.079%) EMIR
6 1 (0.079%) HL7
6 1 (0.079%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.079%) SEPA
System Software
1 215 (16.94%) Docker
2 14 (1.10%) HDFS
3 7 (0.55%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.39%) Apache Flume
6 4 (0.32%) vSphere
7 3 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.16%) OpenAM
8 2 (0.16%) Varnish
8 2 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.16%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.079%) etcd
9 1 (0.079%) KVM
9 1 (0.079%) OpenDJ
9 1 (0.079%) OpenIDM
9 1 (0.079%) Xen
Systems Management
1 147 (11.58%) Kubernetes
2 94 (7.41%) Ansible
3 76 (5.99%) Terraform
4 58 (4.57%) Puppet
5 36 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (2.29%) Docker Swarm
7 20 (1.58%) Packer
8 18 (1.42%) Prometheus
9 16 (1.26%) Kibana
10 15 (1.18%) logstash
11 10 (0.79%) Grafana
11 10 (0.79%) Mesos
12 9 (0.71%) Hadoop YARN
12 9 (0.71%) Nagios
12 9 (0.71%) Oozie
12 9 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
13 7 (0.55%) Consul
14 6 (0.47%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.39%) ITRS Geneos
15 5 (0.39%) Salt
Vendors
1 126 (9.93%) Oracle
2 41 (3.23%) Google
3 33 (2.60%) IBM
4 31 (2.44%) TIBCO
5 27 (2.13%) Sybase
6 23 (1.81%) SAP
7 20 (1.58%) Microsoft
7 20 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
8 18 (1.42%) Splunk
9 17 (1.34%) AppDynamics
10 14 (1.10%) ION Trading
11 11 (0.87%) Apple
11 11 (0.87%) Atlassian
11 11 (0.87%) Tableau
12 10 (0.79%) MuleSoft
12 10 (0.79%) New Relic
13 9 (0.71%) hybris
14 7 (0.55%) Adobe
14 7 (0.55%) Demandware
14 7 (0.55%) Informatica