Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 1,024 1,374 1,125
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.40% 19.40% 17.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.87% 36.49% 34.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 855 1,169 938
City of London median daily rate £575 £563 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +2.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £439 £413 £400
90th Percentile £700 £725 £688
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 10 0
City of London median hourly rate - £21.50 -
Central London median hourly rate £70.00 £21.50 -
% change year-on-year +225.58% - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,317 3,765 3,236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.87% 53.16% 50.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,703 3,146 2,610
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £338
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +10.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 21 12
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -6.49% +21.01%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.50 £13.31
90th Percentile £56.50 £38.47 £36.73
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £24.49
% change year-on-year +62.79% -12.19% +28.87%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -24 14 £575 +4.55%
Moorgate -8 2 £500 +11.11%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 456 (44.53%) Agile Software Development
2 304 (29.69%) Microservices
3 301 (29.39%) Spring
4 291 (28.42%) Finance
5 271 (26.46%) TDD
6 228 (22.27%) JavaScript
7 217 (21.19%) Python
8 212 (20.70%) Docker
9 209 (20.41%) Amazon AWS
10 191 (18.65%) DevOps
11 189 (18.46%) SQL
12 168 (16.41%) Banking
13 165 (16.11%) Java 8
14 153 (14.94%) Linux
15 151 (14.75%) Kubernetes
16 149 (14.55%) Spring Boot
17 147 (14.36%) Git (software)
18 146 (14.26%) Kafka
19 135 (13.18%) HTML
20 126 (12.30%) BDD
21 124 (12.11%) Test Automation
22 122 (11.91%) Scala
23 116 (11.33%) Scrum
24 107 (10.45%) REST
25 106 (10.35%) Software Engineering
26 105 (10.25%) AngularJS
26 105 (10.25%) Jenkins
27 102 (9.96%) Node.js
28 99 (9.67%) CSS
29 97 (9.47%) RESTful

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (7.32%) Apache Spark
2 49 (4.79%) Confluence
3 41 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
4 38 (3.71%) Apache
5 21 (2.05%) JBoss
6 18 (1.76%) Tomcat
7 16 (1.56%) WebLogic
8 14 (1.37%) WebSphere
9 11 (1.07%) CMS
10 10 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 9 (0.88%) Appian
11 9 (0.88%) Jetty
12 8 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
13 7 (0.68%) nginx
14 6 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
14 6 (0.59%) SharePoint
15 5 (0.49%) Apache Solr
15 5 (0.49%) IIS
16 4 (0.39%) GlassFish
17 3 (0.29%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 11 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.098%) HipChat
3 1 (0.098%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.098%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.098%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 11 (1.07%) SAP ERP
1 11 (1.07%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.39%) Dynamics NAV
3 4 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
3 4 (0.39%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.29%) Unit4 Business World
5 2 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.20%) MultiChain
5 2 (0.20%) Quorum
6 1 (0.098%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.098%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.098%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.098%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 209 (20.41%) Amazon AWS
2 69 (6.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (4.98%) Google Cloud Platform
4 46 (4.49%) Serverless
5 43 (4.20%) AWS Lambda
6 40 (3.91%) GitHub
7 28 (2.73%) Amazon EC2
7 28 (2.73%) Amazon S3
8 20 (1.95%) AWS CloudFormation
9 18 (1.76%) OpenShift
10 16 (1.56%) Apigee
10 16 (1.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 15 (1.46%) Amazon ECS
12 14 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
12 14 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
13 13 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 11 (1.07%) Power Platform
14 11 (1.07%) Route 53
15 10 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (0.98%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 45 (4.39%) HTTP
2 22 (2.15%) TCP/IP
3 20 (1.95%) FTP
4 19 (1.86%) SSL
5 17 (1.66%) DNS
6 14 (1.37%) Internet
7 9 (0.88%) Firewall
8 4 (0.39%) DHCP
8 4 (0.39%) IPsec
8 4 (0.39%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.20%) SAN
9 2 (0.20%) SSH
9 2 (0.20%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.098%) 3GPP
10 1 (0.098%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.098%) LAN
10 1 (0.098%) Network Security
10 1 (0.098%) VPN
10 1 (0.098%) WAN
10 1 (0.098%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (7.42%) NoSQL
2 69 (6.74%) Big Data
3 68 (6.64%) Hadoop
4 63 (6.15%) MongoDB
5 58 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
5 58 (5.66%) Relational Database
6 55 (5.37%) SQL Server
7 43 (4.20%) MySQL
8 41 (4.00%) Apache Cassandra
9 32 (3.13%) Apache Hive
10 31 (3.03%) Redis
11 28 (2.73%) HBase
12 24 (2.34%) RDBMS
13 21 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
14 20 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
15 16 (1.56%) Data Lake
15 16 (1.56%) Oracle Database
16 14 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 12 (1.17%) Impala
18 11 (1.07%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 147 (14.36%) Git (software)
2 105 (10.25%) Jenkins
3 80 (7.81%) Maven
4 75 (7.32%) JIRA
5 58 (5.66%) Cucumber
6 55 (5.37%) Selenium
7 45 (4.39%) JUnit
8 37 (3.61%) Gradle
9 34 (3.32%) Subversion
10 22 (2.15%) Mockito
10 22 (2.15%) TeamCity
11 21 (2.05%) Gatling
12 19 (1.86%) gulp
13 18 (1.76%) GitLab
13 18 (1.76%) WebDriver
14 15 (1.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 13 (1.27%) JMeter
15 13 (1.27%) SpecFlow
16 12 (1.17%) Spock
16 12 (1.17%) Travis CI
General
1 291 (28.42%) Finance
2 168 (16.41%) Banking
3 93 (9.08%) Front Office
4 58 (5.66%) Retail
5 56 (5.47%) Investment Banking
6 17 (1.66%) Back Office
7 16 (1.56%) Financial Institution
7 16 (1.56%) Games
8 13 (1.27%) Retail Banking
9 12 (1.17%) Advertising
10 11 (1.07%) Marketing
11 5 (0.49%) Publishing
12 4 (0.39%) Law
13 3 (0.29%) Electronics
13 3 (0.29%) Telecoms
14 2 (0.20%) Billing
14 2 (0.20%) Legal
14 2 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.098%) French Language
15 1 (0.098%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 630 (61.52%) Developer
2 424 (41.41%) Java Developer
3 112 (10.94%) Senior Developer
4 75 (7.32%) Senior Java Developer
5 73 (7.13%) Full Stack Developer
6 56 (5.47%) Architect
7 55 (5.37%) Java Engineer
8 53 (5.18%) DevOps Engineer
9 41 (4.00%) Data Engineer
10 39 (3.81%) AWS Developer
10 39 (3.81%) Software Engineer
11 28 (2.73%) AWS Engineer
12 25 (2.44%) Scala Developer
13 24 (2.34%) Agile Developer
13 24 (2.34%) Analyst
13 24 (2.34%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 23 (2.25%) Data Scientist
14 23 (2.25%) React Developer
15 22 (2.15%) Agile Java Developer
16 21 (2.05%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (29.39%) Spring
2 149 (14.55%) Spring Boot
3 146 (14.26%) Kafka
4 135 (13.18%) HTML
5 107 (10.45%) REST
6 105 (10.25%) AngularJS
7 102 (9.96%) Node.js
8 99 (9.67%) CSS
9 97 (9.47%) RESTful
10 88 (8.59%) Web Services
11 81 (7.91%) React
12 64 (6.25%) XML
13 63 (6.15%) Hibernate
14 61 (5.96%) .NET
15 59 (5.76%) JSON
16 58 (5.66%) HTML5
17 41 (4.00%) J2EE
18 37 (3.61%) SOAP
19 29 (2.83%) Java EE
19 29 (2.83%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 88 (8.59%) Greenfield Project
2 48 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
3 45 (4.39%) Equities
4 42 (4.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 38 (3.71%) User Experience
6 37 (3.61%) Enterprise Software
7 33 (3.22%) Algorithms
8 32 (3.13%) Derivative
9 25 (2.44%) Data Structures
10 22 (2.15%) Equity Derivative
10 22 (2.15%) Fixed Income
11 21 (2.05%) Data Protection Act
12 20 (1.95%) Mobile App
13 15 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
14 14 (1.37%) Cloud Native
15 13 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
16 11 (1.07%) Public Cloud
17 10 (0.98%) Hedge funds
18 9 (0.88%) Virtual Team
19 8 (0.78%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 153 (14.94%) Linux
2 69 (6.74%) Unix
3 38 (3.71%) Windows
4 32 (3.13%) Android
5 16 (1.56%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.27%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (1.27%) Ubuntu
7 11 (1.07%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.88%) Debian
9 6 (0.59%) openSUSE
10 5 (0.49%) Solaris
11 3 (0.29%) CentOS
12 1 (0.098%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.098%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.098%) Fedora
12 1 (0.098%) Kali Linux
12 1 (0.098%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 456 (44.53%) Agile Software Development
2 304 (29.69%) Microservices
3 271 (26.46%) TDD
4 191 (18.65%) DevOps
5 126 (12.30%) BDD
6 124 (12.11%) Test Automation
7 116 (11.33%) Scrum
8 106 (10.35%) Software Engineering
9 90 (8.79%) Fintech
10 85 (8.30%) Continuous Integration
11 83 (8.11%) SDLC
12 80 (7.81%) OO
13 73 (7.13%) Multithreading
14 65 (6.35%) Analytics
14 65 (6.35%) Problem-Solving
15 63 (6.15%) Computer Science
16 60 (5.86%) E-Commerce
17 53 (5.18%) Data Science
18 52 (5.08%) Web Development
19 51 (4.98%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 228 (22.27%) JavaScript
2 217 (21.19%) Python
3 189 (18.46%) SQL
4 165 (16.11%) Java 8
5 122 (11.91%) Scala
6 86 (8.40%) C#
7 65 (6.35%) Kotlin
8 55 (5.37%) C++
9 50 (4.88%) TypeScript
10 37 (3.61%) ES6
11 36 (3.52%) Ruby
12 34 (3.32%) Bash Shell
13 30 (2.93%) Go
14 28 (2.73%) Perl
15 20 (1.95%) R
15 20 (1.95%) Shell Script
16 18 (1.76%) PowerShell
17 17 (1.66%) PHP
18 15 (1.46%) PL/SQL
19 14 (1.37%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 71 (6.93%) Degree
2 33 (3.22%) Security Cleared
3 25 (2.44%) SC Cleared
4 21 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.07%) Master's Degree
5 11 (1.07%) PhD
6 7 (0.68%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
7 5 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.49%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.39%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.29%) CEH
9 3 (0.29%) CISSP
9 3 (0.29%) OSCP
10 2 (0.20%) CITP
10 2 (0.20%) GIAC
10 2 (0.20%) GPEN
10 2 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.20%) MBCS
11 1 (0.098%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (5.96%) QA
2 6 (0.59%) COBIT
2 6 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (0.59%) NIST
3 5 (0.49%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.49%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.20%) GDPR
4 2 (0.20%) PSD2
4 2 (0.20%) SLA
5 1 (0.098%) Basel II
5 1 (0.098%) EMIR
5 1 (0.098%) IFRS
5 1 (0.098%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.098%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.098%) MiFID
5 1 (0.098%) Solvency II
5 1 (0.098%) WCAG
System Software
1 212 (20.70%) Docker
2 19 (1.86%) HDFS
3 9 (0.88%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 6 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.49%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.49%) Apache Flume
5 5 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.29%) KVM
6 3 (0.29%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.29%) OpenDJ
6 3 (0.29%) OpenIDM
7 2 (0.20%) etcd
7 2 (0.20%) Xen
8 1 (0.098%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 151 (14.75%) Kubernetes
2 74 (7.23%) Ansible
3 72 (7.03%) Terraform
4 26 (2.54%) Opscode Chef
5 24 (2.34%) Puppet
6 22 (2.15%) Hadoop YARN
7 14 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
8 11 (1.07%) Grafana
8 11 (1.07%) Istio
9 10 (0.98%) Marathon
9 10 (0.98%) Mesos
10 8 (0.78%) Kibana
11 7 (0.68%) Nessus
12 6 (0.59%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.49%) HP Fortify
13 5 (0.49%) ITRS Geneos
14 4 (0.39%) Graphite
14 4 (0.39%) logstash
14 4 (0.39%) Nagios
14 4 (0.39%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 65 (6.35%) Oracle
2 52 (5.08%) Google
3 40 (3.91%) Microsoft
4 30 (2.93%) hybris
5 19 (1.86%) Atlassian
5 19 (1.86%) Splunk
6 17 (1.66%) Sybase
7 15 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
8 14 (1.37%) Adobe
9 12 (1.17%) Perforce
9 12 (1.17%) SAP
10 11 (1.07%) MuleSoft
10 11 (1.07%) TIBCO
11 10 (0.98%) Red Hat
12 9 (0.88%) IBM
13 8 (0.78%) Tableau
13 8 (0.78%) VMware
14 7 (0.68%) Cloudera
15 6 (0.59%) Informatica
16 5 (0.49%) HP