Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 9 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 574 506 409
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 13.32% 16.19% 15.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.52% 34.63% 30.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 433 403 332
10th Percentile £466 £444 £413
25th Percentile £540 £516 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £675 £625 £575
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +8.70% -
75th Percentile £763 £688 £638
90th Percentile £838 £738 £711
Central London median daily rate £650 £625 £563
% change year-on-year +4.00% +11.11% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 3
10th Percentile £46.65 £26.23 £31.90
25th Percentile £54.75 £27.69 £39.63
Median hourly rate £62.50 £30.25 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +106.61% -45.00% +423.81%
75th Percentile £68.56 £32.69 £59.38
90th Percentile £73.63 £34.08 £60.50
Central London median hourly rate £62.50 £30.25 £55.00
% change year-on-year +106.61% -45.00% +36.65%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,881 1,461 1,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 43.66% 46.75% 49.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,432 1,119 1,043
10th Percentile £425 £394 £375
25th Percentile £500 £463 £447
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
75th Percentile £719 £661 £625
90th Percentile £813 £738 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £575 £525
% change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 7 10
10th Percentile £36.25 £23.84 £23.02
25th Percentile £42.75 £25.75 £28.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £32.00 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +64.06% -16.88% +79.07%
75th Percentile £58.50 £36.38 £55.19
90th Percentile £69.35 £37.75 £57.88
Central London median hourly rate £52.50 £25.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year +105.88% -33.77% +75.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 223 (38.85%) Agile
2 187 (32.58%) Microservices
3 177 (30.84%) Finance
4 157 (27.35%) TDD
4 157 (27.35%) Spring
5 140 (24.39%) AWS
6 130 (22.65%) CI/CD
7 122 (21.25%) SQL
8 120 (20.91%) Kafka
9 114 (19.86%) Banking
10 113 (19.69%) Python
11 111 (19.34%) REST
12 100 (17.42%) JavaScript
12 100 (17.42%) Spring Boot
13 89 (15.51%) Docker
14 88 (15.33%) Software Engineering
15 87 (15.16%) DevOps
16 82 (14.29%) Test Automation
17 81 (14.11%) Kubernetes
18 78 (13.59%) Front Office
19 72 (12.54%) Git (software)
20 71 (12.37%) Oracle
20 71 (12.37%) Social Skills
21 69 (12.02%) Linux
22 64 (11.15%) HTML
22 64 (11.15%) Jenkins
23 61 (10.63%) Full Stack Development
24 60 (10.45%) Scrum
24 60 (10.45%) Continuous Integration
25 59 (10.28%) Maven

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.23%) Apache Spark
2 24 (4.18%) Confluence
3 18 (3.14%) Tomcat
4 15 (2.61%) Apache
5 13 (2.26%) Oracle Workflow
6 11 (1.92%) JBoss
6 11 (1.92%) WebLogic
7 9 (1.57%) Apache Pig
8 7 (1.22%) Apache Airflow
9 5 (0.87%) IIS
9 5 (0.87%) Luigi
10 4 (0.70%) CMS
10 4 (0.70%) Oracle Coherence
11 3 (0.52%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.35%) GlassFish
12 2 (0.35%) Red Hat Fuse
13 1 (0.17%) Alfresco
13 1 (0.17%) Jetty
13 1 (0.17%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (1.05%) Oracle Cash Management
1 6 (1.05%) Oracle Receivables
2 2 (0.35%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.35%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 2 (0.35%) TIBCO iProcess
2 2 (0.35%) WebTrends
3 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.17%) Fidessa
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle Utilities
3 1 (0.17%) RMDS
3 1 (0.17%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 140 (24.39%) AWS
2 57 (9.93%) Azure
3 37 (6.45%) Serverless
4 33 (5.75%) Amazon EC2
5 32 (5.57%) GCP
6 28 (4.88%) AWS Lambda
7 20 (3.48%) AWS CloudFormation
8 18 (3.14%) OpenShift
9 17 (2.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 17 (2.96%) GitHub
10 14 (2.44%) Amazon S3
11 10 (1.74%) Azure DevOps
12 9 (1.57%) Amazon SQS
12 9 (1.57%) SaaS
13 8 (1.39%) IaaS
13 8 (1.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 7 (1.22%) PaaS
15 6 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
15 6 (1.05%) Azure AKS
15 6 (1.05%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.96%) DNS
2 15 (2.61%) SSL
3 13 (2.26%) Internet
4 12 (2.09%) HTTP
5 8 (1.39%) Firewall
6 7 (1.22%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.87%) tcpdump
7 5 (0.87%) VPN
8 2 (0.35%) AMQP
8 2 (0.35%) FTP
8 2 (0.35%) Intranet
8 2 (0.35%) Network Security
8 2 (0.35%) SAN
8 2 (0.35%) Wireless
9 1 (0.17%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.17%) MQTT
9 1 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (7.84%) NoSQL
1 45 (7.84%) SQL Server
2 40 (6.97%) PostgreSQL
3 31 (5.40%) Relational Database
4 29 (5.05%) Big Data
5 22 (3.83%) MongoDB
5 22 (3.83%) MySQL
6 21 (3.66%) Oracle Database
7 18 (3.14%) Amazon RDS
8 17 (2.96%) Redis
9 16 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
10 15 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
10 15 (2.61%) Hadoop
10 15 (2.61%) RDBMS
11 13 (2.26%) DynamoDB
12 11 (1.92%) Apache Cassandra
13 9 (1.57%) Data Lake
14 8 (1.39%) Apache Hive
14 8 (1.39%) Oracle Reports
15 7 (1.22%) Crystal Reports
Development Applications
1 72 (12.54%) Git (software)
2 64 (11.15%) Jenkins
3 59 (10.28%) Maven
4 50 (8.71%) Cucumber
5 35 (6.10%) JIRA
5 35 (6.10%) Selenium
6 30 (5.23%) JUnit
7 23 (4.01%) GitLab
8 22 (3.83%) Gradle
9 18 (3.14%) JMeter
10 17 (2.96%) TeamCity
11 16 (2.79%) IntelliJ
12 15 (2.61%) Mockito
13 10 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 8 (1.39%) Eclipse
15 7 (1.22%) Bitbucket
16 6 (1.05%) Postman
17 5 (0.87%) IBM UrbanCode
17 5 (0.87%) REST Assured
17 5 (0.87%) webpack
General
1 177 (30.84%) Finance
2 114 (19.86%) Banking
3 78 (13.59%) Front Office
4 71 (12.37%) Social Skills
5 42 (7.32%) Investment Banking
6 38 (6.62%) Legal
7 36 (6.27%) Financial Institution
8 30 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
9 17 (2.96%) Publishing
10 12 (2.09%) Retail
11 7 (1.22%) Back Office
12 6 (1.05%) Public Sector
13 5 (0.87%) Advertising
13 5 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
14 4 (0.70%) Automotive
14 4 (0.70%) Influencing Skills
14 4 (0.70%) Law
15 3 (0.52%) Documentation Skills
15 3 (0.52%) German Language
15 3 (0.52%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 351 (61.15%) Developer
2 270 (47.04%) Java Developer
3 63 (10.98%) Senior Developer
4 52 (9.06%) Senior Java Developer
5 48 (8.36%) Java Engineer
6 33 (5.75%) Architect
6 33 (5.75%) Front Office Developer
7 28 (4.88%) Software Engineer
8 23 (4.01%) DevOps Engineer
8 23 (4.01%) Full Stack Developer
9 19 (3.31%) React Developer
9 19 (3.31%) Senior Java Engineer
10 18 (3.14%) Consultant
10 18 (3.14%) Tester
11 16 (2.79%) Investment Banking Java Developer
11 16 (2.79%) Solutions Architect
12 15 (2.61%) Java Software Engineer
13 14 (2.44%) Data Engineer
14 13 (2.26%) Senior Software Engineer
15 12 (2.09%) Java Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (27.35%) Spring
2 120 (20.91%) Kafka
3 111 (19.34%) REST
4 100 (17.42%) Spring Boot
5 64 (11.15%) HTML
6 57 (9.93%) React
7 54 (9.41%) RESTful
8 47 (8.19%) HTML5
9 46 (8.01%) Node.js
10 40 (6.97%) Web Services
11 37 (6.45%) AngularJS
12 36 (6.27%) CSS
13 31 (5.40%) Hibernate
14 29 (5.05%) XML
15 27 (4.70%) .NET
16 20 (3.48%) SOAP
17 19 (3.31%) CSS3
18 16 (2.79%) Elastic Stack
18 16 (2.79%) JMS
18 16 (2.79%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 40 (6.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 37 (6.45%) Hedge funds
3 26 (4.53%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (4.36%) Fixed Income
5 23 (4.01%) Equities
6 21 (3.66%) User Experience
7 18 (3.14%) Enterprise Software
8 17 (2.96%) Cloud Native
8 17 (2.96%) Linux Command Line
9 15 (2.61%) Derivative
10 12 (2.09%) Management Information System
10 12 (2.09%) Public Cloud
11 9 (1.57%) Clustering
11 9 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
12 8 (1.39%) Credit Risk
13 7 (1.22%) Data Structures
14 6 (1.05%) Virtual Team
15 5 (0.87%) Algorithms
16 4 (0.70%) Blockchain
16 4 (0.70%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 69 (12.02%) Linux
2 33 (5.75%) Unix
3 21 (3.66%) Windows
4 10 (1.74%) Android
4 10 (1.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (1.05%) Apple iOS
5 6 (1.05%) Ubuntu
6 5 (0.87%) Debian
7 2 (0.35%) Mesosphere
7 2 (0.35%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
8 1 (0.17%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 223 (38.85%) Agile
2 187 (32.58%) Microservices
3 157 (27.35%) TDD
4 130 (22.65%) CI/CD
5 88 (15.33%) Software Engineering
6 87 (15.16%) DevOps
7 82 (14.29%) Test Automation
8 61 (10.63%) Full Stack Development
9 60 (10.45%) Continuous Integration
9 60 (10.45%) Scrum
10 58 (10.10%) BDD
11 55 (9.58%) Multithreading
12 51 (8.89%) Low Latency
13 50 (8.71%) Electronic Trading
14 46 (8.01%) OO
15 44 (7.67%) Computer Science
16 37 (6.45%) Data Protection
17 36 (6.27%) AOP
18 35 (6.10%) Workflow
19 31 (5.40%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 122 (21.25%) SQL
2 113 (19.69%) Python
3 100 (17.42%) JavaScript
4 39 (6.79%) C#
5 34 (5.92%) Kotlin
5 34 (5.92%) Scala
6 32 (5.57%) C++
7 28 (4.88%) Go
8 23 (4.01%) TypeScript
9 22 (3.83%) Ruby
10 21 (3.66%) Perl
11 16 (2.79%) Bash
12 13 (2.26%) ES6
13 10 (1.74%) PowerShell
14 9 (1.57%) PHP
14 9 (1.57%) PL/SQL
15 8 (1.39%) Shell Script
16 6 (1.05%) T-SQL
17 5 (0.87%) C
17 5 (0.87%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 38 (6.62%) Degree
2 29 (5.05%) Security Cleared
3 24 (4.18%) SC Cleared
4 15 (2.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.70%) GIAC
6 3 (0.52%) AWS Certification
6 3 (0.52%) CISSP
6 3 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.35%) CEH
7 2 (0.35%) CSSLP
7 2 (0.35%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.35%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 2 (0.35%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.35%) OSCP
8 1 (0.17%) CREST Certified
8 1 (0.17%) OCP
8 1 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.17%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (7.14%) QA
2 34 (5.92%) GDPR
3 11 (1.92%) PMO
4 6 (1.05%) Accessibility
5 4 (0.70%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
6 2 (0.35%) MiFID
6 2 (0.35%) SLA
7 1 (0.17%) CDISC
7 1 (0.17%) LOINC
7 1 (0.17%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 89 (15.51%) Docker
2 9 (1.57%) Active Directory
2 9 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.17%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.17%) HDFS
4 1 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
4 1 (0.17%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 81 (14.11%) Kubernetes
2 56 (9.76%) Terraform
3 39 (6.79%) Ansible
4 11 (1.92%) Puppet
5 9 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.22%) Prometheus
7 5 (0.87%) Grafana
8 4 (0.70%) Salt
9 3 (0.52%) Consul
9 3 (0.52%) Icinga
9 3 (0.52%) Packer
10 2 (0.35%) Dollar Universe
10 2 (0.35%) HP Fortify
10 2 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.35%) Kibana
10 2 (0.35%) logstash
10 2 (0.35%) Nessus
10 2 (0.35%) Rancher
10 2 (0.35%) Rundeck
10 2 (0.35%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 71 (12.37%) Oracle
2 33 (5.75%) Microsoft
3 19 (3.31%) Google
4 18 (3.14%) Confluent
5 15 (2.61%) Red Hat
6 9 (1.57%) IBM
6 9 (1.57%) Informatica
7 8 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
8 7 (1.22%) Actuate
8 7 (1.22%) Atlassian
8 7 (1.22%) Brio
8 7 (1.22%) Cloudera
9 6 (1.05%) Bloomberg
9 6 (1.05%) F5
9 6 (1.05%) MuleSoft
9 6 (1.05%) SAP
10 5 (0.87%) BiZZdesign
10 5 (0.87%) Splunk
10 5 (0.87%) Sybase
11 4 (0.70%) AppDynamics