Period
to 23 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 7
Rank change year-on-year 0 +3 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,220 1,498 961
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.98% 20.86% 15.93%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.39% 38.83% 31.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,015 1,302 837
City of London median daily rate £575 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £390
90th Percentile £725 £738 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £549
% change year-on-year +4.55% +0.23% +4.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 1
City of London median hourly rate - £21.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -52.22% -10.00%
Central London median hourly rate £70.00 £21.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +225.58% -52.22% -10.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,548 3,858 3,028
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.28% 53.72% 50.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,883 3,288 2,512
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.16%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £713 £660
Central London median daily rate £525 £520 £475
% change year-on-year +0.96% +9.47% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 19 5
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -24.15% +9.02%
10th Percentile £18.50 £18.75 £20.98
90th Percentile £56.50 £52.10 £43.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £28.35
% change year-on-year +62.79% -24.15% +9.02%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -10 70 £575 +4.55%
Moorgate -14 8 £525 -
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 667 (54.67%) Agile Software Development
2 348 (28.52%) TDD
3 341 (27.95%) Spring
3 341 (27.95%) Microservices
4 307 (25.16%) Banking
5 300 (24.59%) Finance
6 278 (22.79%) Amazon AWS
7 248 (20.33%) Docker
8 235 (19.26%) Java 8
9 231 (18.93%) DevOps
10 210 (17.21%) JavaScript
11 197 (16.15%) Front Office
12 188 (15.41%) Spring Boot
13 181 (14.84%) SQL
14 177 (14.51%) Kubernetes
15 175 (14.34%) REST
16 173 (14.18%) Git (software)
17 166 (13.61%) Python
18 162 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
19 159 (13.03%) Greenfield Project
20 153 (12.54%) Jenkins
21 151 (12.38%) HTML
22 141 (11.56%) Maven
23 138 (11.31%) Linux
24 136 (11.15%) Test Automation
24 136 (11.15%) BDD
25 135 (11.07%) NoSQL
26 131 (10.74%) Kafka
27 130 (10.66%) OO
28 128 (10.49%) SDLC

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (6.64%) Apache Spark
2 62 (5.08%) Confluence
3 54 (4.43%) WebSphere
4 51 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
5 46 (3.77%) Tomcat
6 44 (3.61%) WebLogic
7 42 (3.44%) Apache
8 31 (2.54%) OpenStack
9 18 (1.48%) JBoss
10 16 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 13 (1.07%) CMS
12 10 (0.82%) Mule
13 8 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 8 (0.66%) nginx
13 8 (0.66%) WebSphere Application Server
14 7 (0.57%) GlassFish
14 7 (0.57%) Jetty
15 6 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
16 5 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 4 (0.33%) SharePoint
Applications
1 8 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.082%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.082%) HipChat
3 1 (0.082%) InVision
3 1 (0.082%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (0.57%) SAP ERP
1 7 (0.57%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.16%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.16%) MultiChain
3 2 (0.16%) Quorum
4 1 (0.082%) Actimize
4 1 (0.082%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.082%) Endur
4 1 (0.082%) Loan IQ
4 1 (0.082%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.082%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 278 (22.79%) Amazon AWS
2 99 (8.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 41 (3.36%) Google Cloud Platform
4 21 (1.72%) Serverless
5 20 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
5 20 (1.64%) AWS CloudFormation
5 20 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
5 20 (1.64%) GitHub
6 16 (1.31%) Apigee
6 16 (1.31%) Heroku
7 13 (1.07%) BrowserStack
8 10 (0.82%) Datadog
8 10 (0.82%) OpenShift
8 10 (0.82%) PaaS
9 8 (0.66%) Amazon S3
10 7 (0.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 7 (0.57%) SaaS
11 6 (0.49%) Amazon Kinesis
11 6 (0.49%) AWS Fargate
11 6 (0.49%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 62 (5.08%) HTTP
2 30 (2.46%) TCP/IP
3 27 (2.21%) DNS
3 27 (2.21%) SSL
4 26 (2.13%) FTP
5 10 (0.82%) Internet
6 6 (0.49%) AMQP
7 5 (0.41%) X.509
8 4 (0.33%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.25%) DHCP
9 3 (0.25%) Firewall
9 3 (0.25%) SAN
10 2 (0.16%) IPsec
11 1 (0.082%) 3GPP
11 1 (0.082%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.082%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.082%) LAN
11 1 (0.082%) VPN
11 1 (0.082%) WAN
11 1 (0.082%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (11.07%) NoSQL
2 95 (7.79%) MongoDB
3 82 (6.72%) PostgreSQL
4 70 (5.74%) Big Data
5 69 (5.66%) Relational Database
6 64 (5.25%) Apache Cassandra
7 60 (4.92%) SQL Server
8 59 (4.84%) MySQL
9 55 (4.51%) Redis
10 54 (4.43%) Hadoop
11 25 (2.05%) Riak
12 22 (1.80%) RDBMS
13 16 (1.31%) Apache Hive
13 16 (1.31%) Impala
14 14 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 12 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 11 (0.90%) Oracle Database
17 10 (0.82%) Apache Kudu
17 10 (0.82%) KDB
18 9 (0.74%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 173 (14.18%) Git (software)
2 153 (12.54%) Jenkins
3 141 (11.56%) Maven
4 90 (7.38%) JIRA
5 77 (6.31%) Cucumber
6 68 (5.57%) JUnit
7 66 (5.41%) Selenium
8 60 (4.92%) Gradle
9 45 (3.69%) Subversion
10 35 (2.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 35 (2.87%) Mockito
11 32 (2.62%) NUnit
12 31 (2.54%) MSTest
13 26 (2.13%) GitLab
13 26 (2.13%) gulp
14 25 (2.05%) WebDriver
15 24 (1.97%) jMock
16 23 (1.89%) Ant
17 22 (1.80%) Gatling
18 19 (1.56%) FishEye
General
1 307 (25.16%) Banking
2 300 (24.59%) Finance
3 197 (16.15%) Front Office
4 76 (6.23%) Investment Banking
5 31 (2.54%) Retail
6 16 (1.31%) Publishing
7 15 (1.23%) Advertising
8 14 (1.15%) Financial Institution
9 12 (0.98%) Games
10 8 (0.66%) Marketing
11 7 (0.57%) Back Office
11 7 (0.57%) Retail Banking
12 5 (0.41%) Law
12 5 (0.41%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.16%) Billing
14 2 (0.16%) Electronics
15 1 (0.082%) French Language
15 1 (0.082%) Legal
15 1 (0.082%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 833 (68.28%) Developer
2 629 (51.56%) Java Developer
3 166 (13.61%) Senior Developer
4 134 (10.98%) Senior Java Developer
5 101 (8.28%) Full Stack Developer
6 74 (6.07%) Front Office Developer
7 69 (5.66%) Java Engineer
8 57 (4.67%) DevOps Engineer
9 52 (4.26%) AWS Developer
10 44 (3.61%) JSP Developer
11 40 (3.28%) Architect
11 40 (3.28%) Software Engineer
12 36 (2.95%) Scala Developer
13 35 (2.87%) Agile Developer
14 30 (2.46%) Agile Java Developer
15 29 (2.38%) Analyst
16 26 (2.13%) Electronic Trading Developer
16 26 (2.13%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
17 24 (1.97%) Java Developer - Fintech
18 23 (1.89%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 341 (27.95%) Spring
2 188 (15.41%) Spring Boot
3 175 (14.34%) REST
4 151 (12.38%) HTML
5 131 (10.74%) Kafka
6 104 (8.52%) RESTful
7 93 (7.62%) AngularJS
8 92 (7.54%) Hibernate
9 89 (7.30%) CSS
10 84 (6.89%) Node.js
11 78 (6.39%) HTML5
12 75 (6.15%) React
13 70 (5.74%) Web Services
14 68 (5.57%) .NET
15 61 (5.00%) XML
16 59 (4.84%) JSON
17 55 (4.51%) J2EE
18 49 (4.02%) SOAP
19 46 (3.77%) JSP
20 44 (3.61%) JSF
Miscellaneous
1 159 (13.03%) Greenfield Project
2 75 (6.15%) Equities
3 73 (5.98%) Fixed Income
4 64 (5.25%) Fintech
5 63 (5.16%) Derivative
6 55 (4.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 43 (3.52%) Equity Derivative
8 42 (3.44%) Algorithms
9 36 (2.95%) Analytical Skills
10 34 (2.79%) User Experience
11 32 (2.62%) Mobile App
12 27 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
13 23 (1.89%) Data Structures
14 21 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
15 16 (1.31%) iPad
16 14 (1.15%) Hedge funds
17 10 (0.82%) Cloud Native
18 7 (0.57%) Public Cloud
19 6 (0.49%) Virtual Team
20 5 (0.41%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 138 (11.31%) Linux
2 76 (6.23%) Unix
3 39 (3.20%) Windows
4 29 (2.38%) Android
5 12 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (0.90%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.82%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.41%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.41%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.082%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.082%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.082%) Solaris
9 1 (0.082%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 667 (54.67%) Agile Software Development
2 348 (28.52%) TDD
3 341 (27.95%) Microservices
4 231 (18.93%) DevOps
5 162 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
6 136 (11.15%) BDD
6 136 (11.15%) Test Automation
7 130 (10.66%) OO
8 128 (10.49%) SDLC
9 121 (9.92%) Scrum
10 115 (9.43%) Open Source
11 113 (9.26%) Multithreading
12 110 (9.02%) Software Engineering
13 89 (7.30%) E-Commerce
14 78 (6.39%) Electronic Trading
15 77 (6.31%) Low Latency
16 72 (5.90%) Problem-Solving
17 70 (5.74%) Continuous Delivery
18 65 (5.33%) Analytics
18 65 (5.33%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 235 (19.26%) Java 8
2 210 (17.21%) JavaScript
3 181 (14.84%) SQL
4 166 (13.61%) Python
5 109 (8.93%) Scala
6 81 (6.64%) C#
7 70 (5.74%) Kotlin
8 42 (3.44%) ES6
9 39 (3.20%) Bash Shell
9 39 (3.20%) C++
10 36 (2.95%) TypeScript
11 35 (2.87%) PHP
12 27 (2.21%) Ruby
13 26 (2.13%) Shell Script
14 23 (1.89%) Perl
15 21 (1.72%) Go
16 20 (1.64%) Groovy
17 19 (1.56%) PL/SQL
18 16 (1.31%) PowerShell
19 11 (0.90%) C
Qualifications
1 72 (5.90%) Degree
2 24 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (1.64%) Security Cleared
4 12 (0.98%) SC Cleared
5 10 (0.82%) Master's Degree
6 6 (0.49%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.41%) PhD
8 4 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.25%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.25%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.16%) CEH
10 2 (0.16%) CITP
10 2 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.16%) MBCS
11 1 (0.082%) CISSP
11 1 (0.082%) CSQA
11 1 (0.082%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.082%) GIAC
11 1 (0.082%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (4.75%) QA
2 4 (0.33%) Data Quality
2 4 (0.33%) SLA
2 4 (0.33%) Solvency II
3 3 (0.25%) HIPAA
3 3 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (0.16%) GDPR
4 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.082%) MiFID
System Software
1 248 (20.33%) Docker
2 15 (1.23%) HDFS
3 10 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.74%) Active Directory
4 9 (0.74%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 6 (0.49%) vSphere
6 3 (0.25%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.25%) OpenDJ
6 3 (0.25%) OpenIDM
7 2 (0.16%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.16%) etcd
7 2 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.16%) Xen
8 1 (0.082%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 177 (14.51%) Kubernetes
2 95 (7.79%) Ansible
3 77 (6.31%) Terraform
4 55 (4.51%) Puppet
5 42 (3.44%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (1.89%) Docker Swarm
7 11 (0.90%) Istio
7 11 (0.90%) Kibana
7 11 (0.90%) Mesos
8 9 (0.74%) Marathon
9 7 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.49%) logstash
11 5 (0.41%) Consul
11 5 (0.41%) Packer
12 3 (0.25%) ITRS Geneos
13 2 (0.16%) CA Wily
13 2 (0.16%) Grafana
13 2 (0.16%) Rancher
13 2 (0.16%) rkt
13 2 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 100 (8.20%) Oracle
2 45 (3.69%) Google
3 30 (2.46%) hybris
4 28 (2.30%) Sybase
5 23 (1.89%) Atlassian
6 22 (1.80%) Splunk
7 20 (1.64%) Microsoft
8 14 (1.15%) IBM
8 14 (1.15%) VMware
9 12 (0.98%) Terracotta
10 11 (0.90%) ION Trading
10 11 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (0.82%) FXall
11 10 (0.82%) SAP
12 8 (0.66%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.57%) Murex
13 7 (0.57%) Perforce
13 7 (0.57%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.57%) TIBCO
14 6 (0.49%) Adobe