Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 884 1,317 1,425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.28% 18.66% 19.95%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.57% 34.50% 37.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 750 1,131 1,203
City of London median daily rate £575 £575 £575
10th Percentile £438 £419 £413
90th Percentile £707 £725 £725
Central London median daily rate £575 £564 £550
% change year-on-year +2.00% +2.50% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,892 3,817 3,759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 50.00% 54.07% 52.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,342 3,188 3,125
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £390 £375 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 14
City of London median hourly rate £28.00 £37.09 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.51% +61.31% -16.39%
10th Percentile £21.13 £16.10 £15.12
90th Percentile £57.40 £74.46 £39.10
Central London median hourly rate £28.00 £37.09 £24.49
% change year-on-year -24.51% +51.48% -10.96%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate 0 7 £500 -4.76%
London Bridge -17 4 £588 +2.17%
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 416 (47.06%) Agile Software Development
2 266 (30.09%) Microservices
3 259 (29.30%) Finance
4 249 (28.17%) Python
5 231 (26.13%) TDD
6 208 (23.53%) Spring
7 188 (21.27%) JavaScript
8 186 (21.04%) AWS
9 158 (17.87%) SQL
10 142 (16.06%) DevOps
11 140 (15.84%) Docker
12 139 (15.72%) Banking
13 128 (14.48%) Test Automation
14 122 (13.80%) Kafka
15 110 (12.44%) Scrum
16 108 (12.22%) Spring Boot
17 105 (11.88%) Linux
18 104 (11.76%) Git (software)
18 104 (11.76%) Kubernetes
19 103 (11.65%) BDD
19 103 (11.65%) Java 8
20 98 (11.09%) Scala
21 97 (10.97%) HTML
22 95 (10.75%) AngularJS
23 94 (10.63%) Jenkins
23 94 (10.63%) REST
23 94 (10.63%) Greenfield Project
24 91 (10.29%) Continuous Integration
25 89 (10.07%) Software Engineering
25 89 (10.07%) C++

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (6.11%) Apache Spark
2 33 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (3.39%) Apache
4 29 (3.28%) Confluence
5 25 (2.83%) JBoss
6 16 (1.81%) WebLogic
7 15 (1.70%) Tomcat
8 13 (1.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 13 (1.47%) CMS
9 10 (1.13%) Apache Airflow
9 10 (1.13%) Jetty
10 9 (1.02%) Appian
11 7 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.68%) Luigi
12 6 (0.68%) WebLogic Integration
13 5 (0.57%) WebSphere
14 4 (0.45%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.45%) Oracle Coherence
15 3 (0.34%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.34%) Jupyter
Applications
1 8 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.34%) InDesign
2 3 (0.34%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.23%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.68%) Oracle Financials
2 6 (0.68%) Unit4 Business World
3 4 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.34%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.23%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
6 1 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.11%) MoSes
6 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.11%) SAP GRC
6 1 (0.11%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 186 (21.04%) AWS
2 64 (7.24%) Azure
3 63 (7.13%) GCP
4 53 (6.00%) GitHub
5 44 (4.98%) Serverless
6 38 (4.30%) AWS Lambda
7 23 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
8 22 (2.49%) Amazon S3
9 12 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
10 10 (1.13%) Amazon Kinesis
10 10 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
10 10 (1.13%) Power Platform
10 10 (1.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 9 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
11 9 (1.02%) Apigee
11 9 (1.02%) OpenShift
12 8 (0.90%) PaaS
12 8 (0.90%) Route 53
13 7 (0.79%) npm
13 7 (0.79%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 22 (2.49%) HTTP
2 14 (1.58%) TCP/IP
3 12 (1.36%) Firewall
4 11 (1.24%) FTP
5 10 (1.13%) DNS
5 10 (1.13%) Internet
5 10 (1.13%) SSL
6 7 (0.79%) Multicast
7 5 (0.57%) Remote Desktop
8 2 (0.23%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 2 (0.23%) SSH
8 2 (0.23%) VPN
9 1 (0.11%) Broadband
9 1 (0.11%) DHCP
9 1 (0.11%) Intranet
9 1 (0.11%) Intrusion Detection
9 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.11%) PBX
9 1 (0.11%) SAN
9 1 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (7.47%) NoSQL
2 64 (7.24%) Hadoop
3 52 (5.88%) Big Data
4 49 (5.54%) MongoDB
5 44 (4.98%) PostgreSQL
6 34 (3.85%) Relational Database
7 33 (3.73%) SQL Server
8 30 (3.39%) MySQL
9 28 (3.17%) Apache Cassandra
10 24 (2.71%) Apache Hive
11 22 (2.49%) HBase
12 21 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
13 15 (1.70%) Redis
14 13 (1.47%) Oracle Database
14 13 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 12 (1.36%) KDB
16 11 (1.24%) BigQuery
16 11 (1.24%) Flink
17 10 (1.13%) Power BI
17 10 (1.13%) Presto
Development Applications
1 104 (11.76%) Git (software)
2 94 (10.63%) Jenkins
3 59 (6.67%) Maven
4 49 (5.54%) Selenium
5 43 (4.86%) JIRA
6 42 (4.75%) Cucumber
7 35 (3.96%) TeamCity
8 31 (3.51%) JUnit
9 27 (3.05%) Gradle
10 21 (2.38%) Subversion
11 18 (2.04%) Mockito
12 15 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 15 (1.70%) CircleCI
13 14 (1.58%) Gatling
13 14 (1.58%) GitLab
14 13 (1.47%) WebDriver
15 12 (1.36%) Sonatype Nexus
16 11 (1.24%) Eclipse
16 11 (1.24%) JMeter
16 11 (1.24%) Travis CI
General
1 259 (29.30%) Finance
2 139 (15.72%) Banking
3 81 (9.16%) Front Office
4 38 (4.30%) Investment Banking
5 29 (3.28%) Advertising
6 21 (2.38%) Retail
7 17 (1.92%) Marketing
8 15 (1.70%) Games
9 12 (1.36%) Back Office
9 12 (1.36%) Public Sector
10 11 (1.24%) Financial Institution
11 10 (1.13%) Law
12 7 (0.79%) Publishing
13 6 (0.68%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.45%) Telecoms
15 2 (0.23%) International Banking
15 2 (0.23%) Legal
16 1 (0.11%) Arabic Language
16 1 (0.11%) French Language
16 1 (0.11%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 525 (59.39%) Developer
2 337 (38.12%) Java Developer
3 84 (9.50%) Senior Developer
4 69 (7.81%) Full Stack Developer
5 51 (5.77%) Java Engineer
5 51 (5.77%) Senior Java Developer
6 50 (5.66%) Architect
6 50 (5.66%) DevOps Engineer
7 39 (4.41%) Data Engineer
8 33 (3.73%) AWS Developer
9 27 (3.05%) Data Scientist
9 27 (3.05%) React Developer
10 22 (2.49%) AWS Engineer
10 22 (2.49%) Python Developer
10 22 (2.49%) Software Engineer
11 21 (2.38%) C# Developer
12 20 (2.26%) Agile Developer
12 20 (2.26%) Agile Java Developer
12 20 (2.26%) Tester
13 18 (2.04%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 208 (23.53%) Spring
2 122 (13.80%) Kafka
3 108 (12.22%) Spring Boot
4 97 (10.97%) HTML
5 95 (10.75%) AngularJS
6 94 (10.63%) REST
7 88 (9.95%) RESTful
8 87 (9.84%) Node.js
9 81 (9.16%) CSS
10 80 (9.05%) Web Services
11 70 (7.92%) React
12 49 (5.54%) JSON
13 43 (4.86%) Hibernate
14 40 (4.52%) .NET
15 36 (4.07%) XML
16 35 (3.96%) HTML5
17 34 (3.85%) SOAP
18 28 (3.17%) J2EE
19 26 (2.94%) FIX Protocol
20 25 (2.83%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 94 (10.63%) Greenfield Project
2 40 (4.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 33 (3.73%) Enterprise Software
3 33 (3.73%) Equities
4 32 (3.62%) Analytical Skills
4 32 (3.62%) Data Structures
4 32 (3.62%) User Experience
5 31 (3.51%) Algorithms
6 19 (2.15%) Derivative
7 18 (2.04%) Fixed Income
8 14 (1.58%) Mobile App
9 12 (1.36%) Hedge funds
10 10 (1.13%) Cloud Native
10 10 (1.13%) Public Cloud
11 9 (1.02%) Market Risk
12 8 (0.90%) Equity Derivative
12 8 (0.90%) Reinsurance
12 8 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (0.79%) iPad
13 7 (0.79%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 105 (11.88%) Linux
2 50 (5.66%) Unix
3 37 (4.19%) Windows
4 26 (2.94%) Android
5 14 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (1.24%) Apple iOS
6 11 (1.24%) Mac OS X
6 11 (1.24%) Ubuntu
6 11 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 9 (1.02%) Debian
8 6 (0.68%) openSUSE
9 3 (0.34%) CentOS
10 2 (0.23%) Solaris
11 1 (0.11%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.11%) VMS
11 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 416 (47.06%) Agile Software Development
2 266 (30.09%) Microservices
3 231 (26.13%) TDD
4 142 (16.06%) DevOps
5 128 (14.48%) Test Automation
6 110 (12.44%) Scrum
7 103 (11.65%) BDD
8 91 (10.29%) Continuous Integration
9 89 (10.07%) Software Engineering
10 71 (8.03%) Fintech
10 71 (8.03%) Unit Testing
11 67 (7.58%) SDLC
12 64 (7.24%) Computer Science
13 58 (6.56%) Multithreading
14 55 (6.22%) Analytics
14 55 (6.22%) Data Science
15 54 (6.11%) Kanban
15 54 (6.11%) Low Latency
16 53 (6.00%) OO
17 50 (5.66%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 249 (28.17%) Python
2 188 (21.27%) JavaScript
3 158 (17.87%) SQL
4 103 (11.65%) Java 8
5 98 (11.09%) Scala
6 89 (10.07%) C++
7 70 (7.92%) C#
8 52 (5.88%) Kotlin
9 51 (5.77%) Ruby
9 51 (5.77%) TypeScript
10 49 (5.54%) Go
11 21 (2.38%) ES6
12 20 (2.26%) Groovy
13 19 (2.15%) Bash Shell
14 17 (1.92%) Perl
15 16 (1.81%) PL/SQL
16 14 (1.58%) PHP
17 12 (1.36%) Clojure
17 12 (1.36%) R
18 11 (1.24%) C
Qualifications
1 71 (8.03%) Degree
2 29 (3.28%) Security Cleared
3 22 (2.49%) SC Cleared
4 18 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
4 18 (2.04%) PhD
5 12 (1.36%) Master's Degree
6 9 (1.02%) AWS Certification
6 9 (1.02%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.79%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.34%) ISEB
10 2 (0.23%) CISSP
10 2 (0.23%) SANS
11 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.11%) OSCP
11 1 (0.11%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.11%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (6.00%) QA
2 7 (0.79%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.68%) COBIT
3 6 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (0.68%) NIST
4 2 (0.23%) IFRS
4 2 (0.23%) IFRS 9
4 2 (0.23%) MiFID
4 2 (0.23%) PSD2
4 2 (0.23%) SLA
5 1 (0.11%) Basel II
5 1 (0.11%) Basel III
5 1 (0.11%) EMIR
5 1 (0.11%) GDPR
5 1 (0.11%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 140 (15.84%) Docker
2 9 (1.02%) HDFS
3 6 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (0.45%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 104 (11.76%) Kubernetes
2 69 (7.81%) Ansible
3 51 (5.77%) Terraform
4 34 (3.85%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (3.62%) Puppet
6 15 (1.70%) Docker Swarm
7 12 (1.36%) Hadoop YARN
8 11 (1.24%) Grafana
9 8 (0.90%) Prometheus
10 7 (0.79%) Cobbler
10 7 (0.79%) Nessus
11 6 (0.68%) ITRS Geneos
11 6 (0.68%) Rancher
12 5 (0.57%) Graphite
12 5 (0.57%) HP Fortify
12 5 (0.57%) Istio
13 4 (0.45%) Nagios
13 4 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
13 4 (0.45%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.34%) Kibana
Vendors
1 72 (8.14%) Oracle
2 53 (6.00%) Google
3 30 (3.39%) Microsoft
4 19 (2.15%) Adobe
5 16 (1.81%) Splunk
5 16 (1.81%) Sybase
6 15 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
7 14 (1.58%) Red Hat
8 12 (1.36%) Atlassian
9 10 (1.13%) MuleSoft
10 8 (0.90%) Perforce
10 8 (0.90%) Tableau
11 7 (0.79%) CA
11 7 (0.79%) IBM
11 7 (0.79%) ServiceNow
11 7 (0.79%) Solace
11 7 (0.79%) Vermilion
12 6 (0.68%) New Relic
12 6 (0.68%) SaltStack
12 6 (0.68%) Teradata