Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 605 280 910
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 15.82% 15.80% 15.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.06% 32.41% 30.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 493 220 777
10th Percentile £452 £407 £440
25th Percentile £538 £481 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £575 £575
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% - -
75th Percentile £725 £675 £650
90th Percentile £800 £750 £711
Central London median daily rate £625 £563 £575
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.17% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Median hourly rate £46.50 - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,830 864 2,963
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 47.84% 48.76% 49.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,448 661 2,433
10th Percentile £413 £363 £400
25th Percentile £500 £431 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £688 £625 £625
90th Percentile £775 £694 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 13
10th Percentile £26.15 £12.75 "
25th Percentile £32.00 £19.69 £21.00
Median hourly rate £36.50 £28.75 £22.33
Median % change year-on-year +26.96% +28.75% +1.50%
75th Percentile £61.56 £37.56 £51.25
90th Percentile £67.98 £39.48 £54.85
Central London median hourly rate £36.50 £28.75 £22.42
% change year-on-year +26.96% +28.26% +1.89%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 248 (40.99%) Agile Software Development
2 185 (30.58%) Spring
3 176 (29.09%) Microservices
4 168 (27.77%) Finance
5 147 (24.30%) AWS
6 132 (21.82%) Python
7 131 (21.65%) DevOps
8 123 (20.33%) TDD
9 120 (19.83%) Banking
10 108 (17.85%) Docker
11 106 (17.52%) Kubernetes
11 106 (17.52%) SQL
12 99 (16.36%) Front Office
13 97 (16.03%) Kafka
14 91 (15.04%) Spring Boot
15 86 (14.21%) JavaScript
16 81 (13.39%) Azure
17 80 (13.22%) Git (software)
18 74 (12.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 72 (11.90%) Software Engineering
19 72 (11.90%) REST
19 72 (11.90%) React
20 70 (11.57%) Oracle
21 68 (11.24%) BDD
21 68 (11.24%) Social Skills
22 65 (10.74%) Jenkins
22 65 (10.74%) Multithreading
23 64 (10.58%) Electronic Trading
23 64 (10.58%) Maven
23 64 (10.58%) Scrum

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.45%) Apache Spark
2 21 (3.47%) Confluence
3 15 (2.48%) Apache
4 11 (1.82%) CMS
5 6 (0.99%) Apache Airflow
6 5 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (0.83%) JBoss
6 5 (0.83%) WebLogic
6 5 (0.83%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.66%) Headless CMS
7 4 (0.66%) Magnolia
7 4 (0.66%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
8 3 (0.50%) FileNet
8 3 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
8 3 (0.50%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.33%) IIS
9 2 (0.33%) Mule
9 2 (0.33%) SAS
Applications
1 11 (1.82%) Spreadsheet
2 3 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (1.16%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.33%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.17%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.17%) RMDS
4 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 147 (24.30%) AWS
2 81 (13.39%) Azure
3 41 (6.78%) GCP
4 26 (4.30%) Serverless
5 24 (3.97%) GitHub
6 21 (3.47%) AWS Lambda
7 16 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (2.15%) Amazon SQS
9 12 (1.98%) Amazon S3
10 10 (1.65%) Amazon EKS
11 9 (1.49%) Amazon ECS
12 8 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (1.32%) SaaS
13 7 (1.16%) OpenShift
13 7 (1.16%) Snowflake
14 5 (0.83%) Amazon Kinesis
14 5 (0.83%) Azure Data Factory
14 5 (0.83%) Azure Logic Apps
15 4 (0.66%) Power Automate
15 4 (0.66%) Zapier
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.81%) HTTP
2 11 (1.82%) HTTPS
3 8 (1.32%) BGP
4 5 (0.83%) Internet
5 3 (0.50%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.33%) LAN
7 1 (0.17%) AMQP
7 1 (0.17%) DNS
7 1 (0.17%) DSL
7 1 (0.17%) Firewall
7 1 (0.17%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.17%) Network Security
7 1 (0.17%) Radio Access Network
7 1 (0.17%) SNMP
7 1 (0.17%) SSH
7 1 (0.17%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (7.11%) NoSQL
2 34 (5.62%) SQL Server
3 28 (4.63%) Relational Database
4 27 (4.46%) MySQL
5 26 (4.30%) Big Data
6 23 (3.80%) MongoDB
6 23 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
7 22 (3.64%) Hadoop
8 18 (2.98%) Oracle Database
9 13 (2.15%) Hazelcast
9 13 (2.15%) RDBMS
10 12 (1.98%) Data Lake
10 12 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
11 10 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 10 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.49%) Redis
12 9 (1.49%) Tableau
13 6 (0.99%) Apache Hive
14 5 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
14 5 (0.83%) Impala
Development Applications
1 80 (13.22%) Git (software)
2 65 (10.74%) Jenkins
3 64 (10.58%) Maven
4 48 (7.93%) JIRA
5 45 (7.44%) Cucumber
6 33 (5.45%) JUnit
7 19 (3.14%) Selenium
8 16 (2.64%) Mockito
9 13 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 9 (1.49%) GitLab
11 8 (1.32%) Gradle
11 8 (1.32%) Postman
11 8 (1.32%) Subversion
11 8 (1.32%) TeamCity
12 7 (1.16%) JMeter
13 6 (0.99%) Bitbucket
13 6 (0.99%) IntelliJ
13 6 (0.99%) webpack
14 5 (0.83%) CircleCI
14 5 (0.83%) Eclipse
General
1 168 (27.77%) Finance
2 120 (19.83%) Banking
3 99 (16.36%) Front Office
4 68 (11.24%) Social Skills
5 57 (9.42%) Investment Banking
6 45 (7.44%) Analytical Skills
7 21 (3.47%) Retail
8 17 (2.81%) Legal
9 16 (2.64%) Financial Institution
10 9 (1.49%) Marketing
11 6 (0.99%) Games
12 5 (0.83%) Presentation Skills
13 4 (0.66%) Advertising
13 4 (0.66%) International Banking
13 4 (0.66%) Public Sector
14 3 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
14 3 (0.50%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.50%) Publishing
14 3 (0.50%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.50%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 369 (60.99%) Developer
2 279 (46.12%) Java Developer
3 50 (8.26%) Java Engineer
4 46 (7.60%) Architect
5 45 (7.44%) Senior Developer
6 35 (5.79%) Senior Java Developer
7 29 (4.79%) Data Engineer
7 29 (4.79%) Front Office Developer
7 29 (4.79%) Full Stack Developer
8 24 (3.97%) Python Developer
9 21 (3.47%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 21 (3.47%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
9 21 (3.47%) Software Engineer
9 21 (3.47%) Solutions Architect
10 19 (3.14%) Senior Java Engineer
11 18 (2.98%) DevOps Engineer
12 15 (2.48%) AWS Developer
13 14 (2.31%) Consultant
13 14 (2.31%) Lead Developer
14 13 (2.15%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (30.58%) Spring
2 97 (16.03%) Kafka
3 91 (15.04%) Spring Boot
4 72 (11.90%) React
4 72 (11.90%) REST
5 56 (9.26%) AngularJS
6 47 (7.77%) RESTful
7 42 (6.94%) Node.js
8 41 (6.78%) HTML
9 33 (5.45%) Web Services
10 32 (5.29%) CSS
11 27 (4.46%) JSON
12 23 (3.80%) .NET
13 21 (3.47%) Vert.x
14 20 (3.31%) Hibernate
15 19 (3.14%) XML
16 17 (2.81%) HTML5
16 17 (2.81%) JMS
16 17 (2.81%) SOAP
17 14 (2.31%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 74 (12.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 58 (9.59%) Fixed Income
3 43 (7.11%) Greenfield Project
4 28 (4.63%) Enterprise Software
5 25 (4.13%) Equities
6 23 (3.80%) Derivative
7 22 (3.64%) Algorithms
7 22 (3.64%) Hedge funds
8 21 (3.47%) Data Structures
9 20 (3.31%) Legacy Systems
10 10 (1.65%) Cloud Native
10 10 (1.65%) Mobile App
10 10 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (1.49%) Management Information System
11 9 (1.49%) Market Risk
12 7 (1.16%) User Experience
13 6 (0.99%) Credit Risk
13 6 (0.99%) Exotic Derivative
14 5 (0.83%) Equity Derivative
14 5 (0.83%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 40 (6.61%) Linux
2 28 (4.63%) Unix
3 13 (2.15%) Windows
4 7 (1.16%) Android
5 5 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.33%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.33%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 248 (40.99%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (29.09%) Microservices
3 131 (21.65%) DevOps
4 123 (20.33%) TDD
5 72 (11.90%) Software Engineering
6 68 (11.24%) BDD
7 65 (10.74%) Multithreading
8 64 (10.58%) Electronic Trading
8 64 (10.58%) Scrum
9 56 (9.26%) Low Latency
10 52 (8.60%) Test Automation
11 51 (8.43%) Full Stack Development
12 42 (6.94%) Continuous Integration
13 39 (6.45%) Analytics
14 36 (5.95%) SDLC
15 32 (5.29%) Migration
16 29 (4.79%) Computer Science
17 28 (4.63%) Pair Programming
18 27 (4.46%) OO
19 26 (4.30%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 132 (21.82%) Python
2 106 (17.52%) SQL
3 86 (14.21%) JavaScript
4 50 (8.26%) Java 8
5 37 (6.12%) C++
5 37 (6.12%) Java 11
6 36 (5.95%) C#
6 36 (5.95%) Scala
7 34 (5.62%) Kotlin
8 22 (3.64%) TypeScript
9 20 (3.31%) Bash Shell
10 18 (2.98%) Go
11 17 (2.81%) C
12 10 (1.65%) Ruby
13 9 (1.49%) Shell Script
14 8 (1.32%) Groovy
15 7 (1.16%) Perl
15 7 (1.16%) PHP
15 7 (1.16%) PowerShell
16 5 (0.83%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 25 (4.13%) Degree
2 13 (2.15%) Security Cleared
3 12 (1.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (1.32%) SC Cleared
5 5 (0.83%) Sun Certification
6 3 (0.50%) OCPJP
7 2 (0.33%) CISSP
7 2 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.17%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.17%) CCNA
8 1 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.17%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.14%) QA
2 13 (2.15%) GDPR
3 8 (1.32%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.66%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.66%) PMO
5 1 (0.17%) NIST
5 1 (0.17%) SLA
5 1 (0.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 108 (17.85%) Docker
2 1 (0.17%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.17%) GeoWebCache
2 1 (0.17%) IAG
2 1 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
2 1 (0.17%) RACF
2 1 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
2 1 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
2 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 106 (17.52%) Kubernetes
2 46 (7.60%) Terraform
3 32 (5.29%) Ansible
4 8 (1.32%) Puppet
5 6 (0.99%) Kibana
6 4 (0.66%) Marathon
6 4 (0.66%) Mesos
6 4 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.50%) Packer
8 2 (0.33%) Bugsnag
8 2 (0.33%) Cobbler
8 2 (0.33%) ITRS Geneos
8 2 (0.33%) Nessus
9 1 (0.17%) BladeLogic
9 1 (0.17%) BMC PATROL
9 1 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
9 1 (0.17%) Kubeflow
9 1 (0.17%) logstash
9 1 (0.17%) Salt
9 1 (0.17%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 70 (11.57%) Oracle
2 19 (3.14%) Google
3 14 (2.31%) ION Trading
3 14 (2.31%) Microsoft
4 13 (2.15%) Confluent
5 11 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
6 10 (1.65%) Sybase
7 7 (1.16%) IBM
7 7 (1.16%) Splunk
8 6 (0.99%) MuleSoft
9 5 (0.83%) New Relic
9 5 (0.83%) Solace
10 4 (0.66%) HubSpot
10 4 (0.66%) TIBCO
11 3 (0.50%) Atlassian
11 3 (0.50%) Dynatrace
11 3 (0.50%) hybris
11 3 (0.50%) Murex
11 3 (0.50%) Perforce
11 3 (0.50%) Sun