Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 293 919 1,298
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 16.20% 15.39% 18.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.14% 30.45% 34.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 229 799 1,113
Median daily rate £575 £575 £575
10th Percentile £375 £437 £413
90th Percentile £765 £710 £725
Central London median daily rate £551 £575 £550
% change year-on-year -4.13% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 884 3,018 3,806
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.87% 50.55% 54.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 636 2,461 3,176
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £353 £398 £375
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 12 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.28 £29.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.53% +22.80% +37.42%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.02 £17.70
90th Percentile £39.40 £55.18 £52.95
Median hourly rate £35.00 £31.50 £22.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% +43.18% -4.32%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 149 (50.85%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (27.99%) TDD
2 82 (27.99%) Microservices
3 81 (27.65%) Banking
4 72 (24.57%) Scrum
5 69 (23.55%) Spring
6 66 (22.53%) Finance
7 65 (22.18%) Front Office
8 62 (21.16%) Python
9 57 (19.45%) JavaScript
10 55 (18.77%) AWS
11 54 (18.43%) Kubernetes
12 52 (17.75%) Git (software)
13 51 (17.41%) Multithreading
14 50 (17.06%) Jenkins
15 49 (16.72%) Kafka
16 47 (16.04%) Fixed Income
17 45 (15.36%) SQL
17 45 (15.36%) Azure
17 45 (15.36%) Java 8
18 44 (15.02%) Docker
19 43 (14.68%) REST
19 43 (14.68%) Continuous Integration
19 43 (14.68%) Linux
20 42 (14.33%) OO
21 41 (13.99%) BDD
22 38 (12.97%) Test Automation
22 38 (12.97%) Electronic Trading
23 36 (12.29%) Spring Boot
24 34 (11.60%) Maven

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.17%) Apache Spark
2 19 (6.48%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (3.75%) Apache
4 9 (3.07%) Confluence
5 8 (2.73%) Red Hat Fuse
6 4 (1.37%) JBoss
6 4 (1.37%) WebLogic
7 3 (1.02%) Tornado
7 3 (1.02%) WebSphere
8 2 (0.68%) Appian
8 2 (0.68%) nginx
8 2 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.68%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.34%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.34%) CICS
9 1 (0.34%) Drupal
9 1 (0.34%) IIS
9 1 (0.34%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.34%) Mule
9 1 (0.34%) SAS
Applications
1 4 (1.37%) Spreadsheet
2 3 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.34%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.34%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 2 (0.68%) SunGard Martini
2 1 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.34%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.34%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 55 (18.77%) AWS
2 45 (15.36%) Azure
3 23 (7.85%) GCP
4 14 (4.78%) GitHub
5 11 (3.75%) SaaS
6 9 (3.07%) PaaS
7 8 (2.73%) AWS CloudFormation
8 7 (2.39%) Power Platform
9 6 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (2.05%) Amazon ECS
10 5 (1.71%) Serverless
11 4 (1.37%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 4 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
11 4 (1.37%) Apigee
11 4 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (1.37%) OpenShift
12 3 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (1.02%) Slack
13 2 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
13 2 (0.68%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.07%) Firewall
2 8 (2.73%) HTTP
3 6 (2.05%) Internet
3 6 (2.05%) TCP/IP
4 5 (1.71%) BGP
4 5 (1.71%) MPLS
4 5 (1.71%) SNMP
5 4 (1.37%) DNS
5 4 (1.37%) SSL
6 3 (1.02%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.68%) AMQP
8 1 (0.34%) FIX Connectivity
8 1 (0.34%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (8.19%) NoSQL
2 23 (7.85%) MongoDB
3 20 (6.83%) Relational Database
4 16 (5.46%) SQL Server
5 14 (4.78%) Hadoop
5 14 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (4.44%) Big Data
7 12 (4.10%) MySQL
8 10 (3.41%) RDBMS
9 9 (3.07%) Data Warehouse
9 9 (3.07%) Oracle Database
10 8 (2.73%) Neo4j
11 7 (2.39%) Power BI
11 7 (2.39%) Tableau
12 6 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (1.71%) Apache Hive
14 4 (1.37%) Amazon Redshift
14 4 (1.37%) Oracle Database 11g
14 4 (1.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 3 (1.02%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 52 (17.75%) Git (software)
2 50 (17.06%) Jenkins
3 34 (11.60%) Maven
4 18 (6.14%) JUnit
5 15 (5.12%) JIRA
6 13 (4.44%) Gradle
7 12 (4.10%) Robot Framework
8 11 (3.75%) Mockito
9 8 (2.73%) Cucumber
9 8 (2.73%) Selenium
10 7 (2.39%) Hudson
10 7 (2.39%) TeamCity
11 6 (2.05%) GitLab
11 6 (2.05%) JMeter
12 5 (1.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (1.71%) gulp
12 5 (1.71%) Subversion
13 4 (1.37%) Android Studio
13 4 (1.37%) Grunt
13 4 (1.37%) TestNG
General
1 81 (27.65%) Banking
2 66 (22.53%) Finance
3 65 (22.18%) Front Office
4 27 (9.22%) Investment Banking
5 8 (2.73%) Public Sector
6 6 (2.05%) French Language
6 6 (2.05%) Retail
7 4 (1.37%) Law
8 3 (1.02%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.68%) Advertising
9 2 (0.68%) Back Office
9 2 (0.68%) Games
9 2 (0.68%) Police
10 1 (0.34%) Automotive
10 1 (0.34%) Marketing
10 1 (0.34%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.34%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 215 (73.38%) Developer
2 134 (45.73%) Java Developer
3 28 (9.56%) Full Stack Developer
4 27 (9.22%) Electronic Trading Developer
4 27 (9.22%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
5 22 (7.51%) Agile Developer
5 22 (7.51%) Agile Java Developer
6 16 (5.46%) Front Office Developer
7 15 (5.12%) Senior Developer
8 14 (4.78%) Python Developer
9 13 (4.44%) Architect
9 13 (4.44%) C# Developer
10 12 (4.10%) DevOps Engineer
10 12 (4.10%) React Developer
11 11 (3.75%) .NET Developer
11 11 (3.75%) Android Developer
11 11 (3.75%) Applications Developer
11 11 (3.75%) C# .NET Developer
11 11 (3.75%) Java Engineer
11 11 (3.75%) Low Latency Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (23.55%) Spring
2 49 (16.72%) Kafka
3 43 (14.68%) REST
4 36 (12.29%) Spring Boot
5 33 (11.26%) HTML
6 32 (10.92%) AngularJS
7 31 (10.58%) React
7 31 (10.58%) RESTful
8 30 (10.24%) Web Services
9 22 (7.51%) CSS
10 21 (7.17%) HTML5
11 19 (6.48%) Hibernate
12 18 (6.14%) .NET
12 18 (6.14%) Node.js
13 16 (5.46%) JMS
14 15 (5.12%) XML
15 14 (4.78%) JSON
16 13 (4.44%) Elastic Stack
17 12 (4.10%) Middleware
18 11 (3.75%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 47 (16.04%) Fixed Income
2 31 (10.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 26 (8.87%) Derivative
4 18 (6.14%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (5.46%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (5.12%) Greenfield Project
7 10 (3.41%) Clustering
8 8 (2.73%) Data Structures
9 7 (2.39%) Algorithms
10 6 (2.05%) Public Cloud
10 6 (2.05%) User Experience
11 4 (1.37%) Equities
11 4 (1.37%) Hedge funds
11 4 (1.37%) Mobile App
11 4 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (1.02%) Blog
12 3 (1.02%) Credit Risk
12 3 (1.02%) Equity Derivative
12 3 (1.02%) Market Risk
12 3 (1.02%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 43 (14.68%) Linux
2 21 (7.17%) Unix
3 14 (4.78%) Android
4 7 (2.39%) Windows
5 3 (1.02%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.68%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.34%) Android TV
7 1 (0.34%) CentOS
7 1 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.34%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
7 1 (0.34%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (50.85%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (27.99%) Microservices
2 82 (27.99%) TDD
3 72 (24.57%) Scrum
4 51 (17.41%) Multithreading
5 43 (14.68%) Continuous Integration
6 42 (14.33%) OO
7 41 (13.99%) BDD
8 38 (12.97%) Electronic Trading
8 38 (12.97%) Test Automation
9 32 (10.92%) DevOps
10 28 (9.56%) Low Latency
11 23 (7.85%) OOD
11 23 (7.85%) Open Source
12 19 (6.48%) Software Engineering
13 18 (6.14%) Automated Trading
13 18 (6.14%) Web Development
14 17 (5.80%) Analytics
14 17 (5.80%) Multithreaded Programming
15 15 (5.12%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 62 (21.16%) Python
2 57 (19.45%) JavaScript
3 45 (15.36%) Java 8
3 45 (15.36%) SQL
4 31 (10.58%) C#
4 31 (10.58%) Kotlin
5 26 (8.87%) Scala
6 19 (6.48%) C++
7 14 (4.78%) Perl
7 14 (4.78%) PL/SQL
8 11 (3.75%) PHP
9 9 (3.07%) TypeScript
10 8 (2.73%) Bash Shell
10 8 (2.73%) Go
11 4 (1.37%) C
11 4 (1.37%) PowerShell
11 4 (1.37%) Ruby
12 3 (1.02%) R
12 3 (1.02%) Shell Script
13 2 (0.68%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 17 (5.80%) Degree
2 15 (5.12%) Security Cleared
3 9 (3.07%) SC Cleared
4 8 (2.73%) Numerate Degree
5 4 (1.37%) AWS Certification
5 4 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.02%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.34%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (5.12%) QA
2 4 (1.37%) MiFID
3 2 (0.68%) WCAG
4 1 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.34%) GDPR
4 1 (0.34%) HIPAA
4 1 (0.34%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.34%) PSD2
4 1 (0.34%) SLA
System Software
1 44 (15.02%) Docker
2 6 (2.05%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.68%) etcd
3 2 (0.68%) HDFS
3 2 (0.68%) Varnish
3 2 (0.68%) zsh
4 1 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 54 (18.43%) Kubernetes
2 20 (6.83%) Terraform
3 15 (5.12%) Ansible
4 8 (2.73%) Netcool
5 5 (1.71%) Puppet
6 4 (1.37%) Grafana
7 3 (1.02%) Consul
7 3 (1.02%) logstash
8 2 (0.68%) Kibana
8 2 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.68%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.68%) Rundeck
8 2 (0.68%) Salt
8 2 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.34%) Nagios
9 1 (0.34%) Oozie
9 1 (0.34%) Packer
Vendors
1 30 (10.24%) Oracle
2 14 (4.78%) Microsoft
3 10 (3.41%) Google
4 8 (2.73%) AppDynamics
4 8 (2.73%) Databricks
4 8 (2.73%) SevOne
4 8 (2.73%) Splunk
5 6 (2.05%) Cloudera
6 5 (1.71%) Sybase
7 4 (1.37%) Atlassian
7 4 (1.37%) IBM
7 4 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (1.02%) Hortonworks
8 3 (1.02%) MuleSoft
8 3 (1.02%) Remedy
9 2 (0.68%) Bloomberg
9 2 (0.68%) Dynatrace
9 2 (0.68%) FIS
9 2 (0.68%) Murex
9 2 (0.68%) SaltStack