Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 -1
Contract jobs citing Java 546 361 1,017
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 16.07% 14.91% 15.42%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.51% 29.88% 30.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 439 284 853
10th Percentile £450 £413 £438
25th Percentile £528 £469 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £572 £575
Median % change year-on-year +9.36% -0.61% +2.22%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £650
90th Percentile £751 £713 £700
Central London median daily rate £625 £560 £550
% change year-on-year +11.61% +1.82% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 1
10th Percentile £27.20 £31.90 "
25th Percentile £30.13 £39.63 £10.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year -36.36% +423.81% -51.16%
75th Percentile £52.50 £59.38 £10.75
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.50 "
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £40.25
% change year-on-year -36.36% +36.65% +87.21%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,582 1,208 3,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 46.57% 49.88% 49.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,218 940 2,690
10th Percentile £406 £367 £406
25th Percentile £470 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.38% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 10 22
10th Percentile £24.19 £26.43 "
25th Percentile £26.00 £33.31 £21.00
Median hourly rate £33.50 £38.50 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -12.99% +75.00% +2.33%
75th Percentile £37.75 £52.38 £37.50
90th Percentile £47.43 £57.88 £51.04
Central London median hourly rate £27.50 £38.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -28.57% +71.11% +4.65%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 226 (41.39%) Agile Software Development
2 193 (35.35%) Spring
3 173 (31.68%) Microservices
4 137 (25.09%) Banking
5 132 (24.18%) TDD
6 130 (23.81%) Finance
7 119 (21.79%) AWS
8 111 (20.33%) DevOps
9 105 (19.23%) Kubernetes
10 101 (18.50%) Docker
11 95 (17.40%) Spring Boot
11 95 (17.40%) Python
12 94 (17.22%) Kafka
13 92 (16.85%) Front Office
14 82 (15.02%) Multithreading
15 73 (13.37%) Azure
16 72 (13.19%) Git (software)
16 72 (13.19%) BDD
17 69 (12.64%) JavaScript
18 67 (12.27%) Scrum
19 65 (11.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 65 (11.90%) Jenkins
19 65 (11.90%) Low Latency
19 65 (11.90%) Java 8
20 64 (11.72%) SQL
21 63 (11.54%) Electronic Trading
21 63 (11.54%) Social Skills
22 61 (11.17%) React
23 56 (10.26%) Continuous Integration
23 56 (10.26%) Software Engineering

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (5.31%) Apache Spark
2 23 (4.21%) Apache
3 12 (2.20%) Confluence
3 12 (2.20%) Red Hat Fuse
4 7 (1.28%) Apache Airflow
5 6 (1.10%) CMS
5 6 (1.10%) Oracle Coherence
6 5 (0.92%) Mule
6 5 (0.92%) WebLogic
7 4 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.73%) Elasticsearch
7 4 (0.73%) JBoss
8 3 (0.55%) SAS
8 3 (0.55%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.55%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.37%) IIS
9 2 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.18%) FileNet
10 1 (0.18%) SharePoint
10 1 (0.18%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 3 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.37%) IntelliMatch
2 2 (0.37%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.18%) Magento
3 1 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 119 (21.79%) AWS
2 73 (13.37%) Azure
3 33 (6.04%) GCP
4 24 (4.40%) GitHub
5 16 (2.93%) Serverless
6 14 (2.56%) SaaS
7 12 (2.20%) AWS Lambda
8 10 (1.83%) Amazon EC2
9 8 (1.47%) Amazon SQS
10 7 (1.28%) Azure Data Factory
10 7 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
11 6 (1.10%) Amazon Kinesis
11 6 (1.10%) IaaS
11 6 (1.10%) Slack
12 5 (0.92%) Amazon ECS
12 5 (0.92%) Amazon EKS
12 5 (0.92%) Amazon S3
12 5 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
12 5 (0.92%) Azure Logic Apps
12 5 (0.92%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.47%) HTTP
2 6 (1.10%) BGP
2 6 (1.10%) Internet
3 3 (0.55%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.37%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.18%) DSL
5 1 (0.18%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (4.40%) Big Data
2 22 (4.03%) SQL Server
3 21 (3.85%) Hadoop
3 21 (3.85%) NoSQL
4 20 (3.66%) Relational Database
5 17 (3.11%) MongoDB
6 15 (2.75%) Data Lake
6 15 (2.75%) Hazelcast
7 14 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
8 12 (2.20%) MySQL
9 11 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
10 8 (1.47%) Redis
11 7 (1.28%) Apache Hive
11 7 (1.28%) Oracle Database
12 6 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (1.10%) Impala
12 6 (1.10%) RDBMS
13 5 (0.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 5 (0.92%) Amazon Redshift
13 5 (0.92%) Presto
Development Applications
1 72 (13.19%) Git (software)
2 65 (11.90%) Jenkins
3 52 (9.52%) Maven
4 48 (8.79%) JIRA
5 40 (7.33%) Cucumber
6 33 (6.04%) JUnit
7 21 (3.85%) Mockito
8 19 (3.48%) Selenium
9 15 (2.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 11 (2.01%) IntelliJ
10 11 (2.01%) TeamCity
11 10 (1.83%) Eclipse
12 8 (1.47%) GitLab
13 6 (1.10%) Bitbucket
13 6 (1.10%) Gradle
13 6 (1.10%) Subversion
14 5 (0.92%) Jasmine
14 5 (0.92%) NUnit
14 5 (0.92%) Postman
15 4 (0.73%) REST Assured
General
1 137 (25.09%) Banking
2 130 (23.81%) Finance
3 92 (16.85%) Front Office
4 63 (11.54%) Social Skills
5 53 (9.71%) Investment Banking
6 34 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
7 21 (3.85%) Retail
8 10 (1.83%) Financial Institution
9 8 (1.47%) Marketing
10 7 (1.28%) Legal
10 7 (1.28%) Public Sector
11 4 (0.73%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.55%) Advertising
12 3 (0.55%) Games
12 3 (0.55%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.55%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.37%) International Banking
13 2 (0.37%) Presentation Skills
13 2 (0.37%) Publishing
13 2 (0.37%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 363 (66.48%) Developer
2 282 (51.65%) Java Developer
3 53 (9.71%) Senior Developer
4 38 (6.96%) Senior Java Developer
5 31 (5.68%) Architect
5 31 (5.68%) Front Office Developer
6 28 (5.13%) Java Engineer
7 27 (4.95%) Data Engineer
8 23 (4.21%) Electronic Trading Developer
8 23 (4.21%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
9 22 (4.03%) AWS Developer
10 21 (3.85%) Full Stack Developer
11 17 (3.11%) DevOps Engineer
12 15 (2.75%) E-Commerce Developer
12 15 (2.75%) Java E-Commerce Developer
12 15 (2.75%) Python Developer
12 15 (2.75%) Solutions Architect
13 12 (2.20%) Agile Developer
13 12 (2.20%) Scala Developer
13 12 (2.20%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (35.35%) Spring
2 95 (17.40%) Spring Boot
3 94 (17.22%) Kafka
4 61 (11.17%) React
5 51 (9.34%) AngularJS
5 51 (9.34%) REST
6 37 (6.78%) HTML
7 34 (6.23%) RESTful
8 32 (5.86%) Hibernate
9 31 (5.68%) Node.js
10 25 (4.58%) Web Services
11 23 (4.21%) CSS
12 22 (4.03%) Middleware
13 20 (3.66%) JSON
14 19 (3.48%) .NET
14 19 (3.48%) HTML5
15 17 (3.11%) JMS
15 17 (3.11%) Vert.x
15 17 (3.11%) XML
16 14 (2.56%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 65 (11.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 48 (8.79%) Greenfield Project
3 39 (7.14%) Enterprise Software
4 38 (6.96%) Fixed Income
5 23 (4.21%) Algorithms
5 23 (4.21%) Data Structures
6 18 (3.30%) Equities
7 15 (2.75%) Mobile App
8 14 (2.56%) Market Risk
9 12 (2.20%) Derivative
10 11 (2.01%) User Experience
11 10 (1.83%) Credit Risk
11 10 (1.83%) Hedge funds
12 9 (1.65%) Public Cloud
12 9 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
13 8 (1.47%) Clustering
13 8 (1.47%) Legacy Systems
13 8 (1.47%) Management Information System
14 7 (1.28%) Cloud Native
15 4 (0.73%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 31 (5.68%) Linux
2 22 (4.03%) Unix
3 10 (1.83%) Android
4 7 (1.28%) Windows
5 2 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.18%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 226 (41.39%) Agile Software Development
2 173 (31.68%) Microservices
3 132 (24.18%) TDD
4 111 (20.33%) DevOps
5 82 (15.02%) Multithreading
6 72 (13.19%) BDD
7 67 (12.27%) Scrum
8 65 (11.90%) Low Latency
9 63 (11.54%) Electronic Trading
10 56 (10.26%) Continuous Integration
10 56 (10.26%) Software Engineering
11 55 (10.07%) Test Automation
12 38 (6.96%) OO
13 33 (6.04%) Continuous Improvement
13 33 (6.04%) SDLC
14 27 (4.95%) E-Commerce
14 27 (4.95%) Pair Programming
15 26 (4.76%) Open Source
16 24 (4.40%) Continuous Deployment
17 23 (4.21%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 95 (17.40%) Python
2 69 (12.64%) JavaScript
3 65 (11.90%) Java 8
4 64 (11.72%) SQL
5 44 (8.06%) Scala
6 42 (7.69%) Kotlin
7 39 (7.14%) Java 11
8 28 (5.13%) C#
9 21 (3.85%) Go
10 20 (3.66%) Bash Shell
11 19 (3.48%) TypeScript
12 17 (3.11%) C++
13 13 (2.38%) Ruby
14 10 (1.83%) PowerShell
15 6 (1.10%) PL/SQL
15 6 (1.10%) Shell Script
16 5 (0.92%) C
17 4 (0.73%) ES6
17 4 (0.73%) Perl
18 3 (0.55%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 20 (3.66%) Security Cleared
2 19 (3.48%) Degree
3 14 (2.56%) SC Cleared
4 11 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.92%) CCNA
5 5 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (0.55%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.18%) BC Cleared
8 1 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.18%) ISEB
8 1 (0.18%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.11%) QA
2 7 (1.28%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.73%) GDPR
4 3 (0.55%) PMO
5 1 (0.18%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.18%) NIST
5 1 (0.18%) SLA
System Software
1 101 (18.50%) Docker
2 11 (2.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (1.10%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.37%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.18%) Platform Symphony
5 1 (0.18%) RACF
Systems Management
1 105 (19.23%) Kubernetes
2 33 (6.04%) Ansible
3 28 (5.13%) Terraform
4 10 (1.83%) vRealize Orchestrator
5 6 (1.10%) Puppet
6 5 (0.92%) vRealize
7 3 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.37%) Bugsnag
8 2 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
8 2 (0.37%) Salt
9 1 (0.18%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 1 (0.18%) Grafana
9 1 (0.18%) HP ALM
9 1 (0.18%) Istio
9 1 (0.18%) Kibana
9 1 (0.18%) Kubeflow
9 1 (0.18%) logstash
9 1 (0.18%) Packer
9 1 (0.18%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.18%) QRadar
Vendors
1 49 (8.97%) Oracle
2 19 (3.48%) Google
3 16 (2.93%) MuleSoft
4 11 (2.01%) Microsoft
4 11 (2.01%) VMware
5 9 (1.65%) Salesforce.com
6 8 (1.47%) ION Trading
6 8 (1.47%) Sybase
7 7 (1.28%) Solace
7 7 (1.28%) Splunk
8 6 (1.10%) EMC
8 6 (1.10%) IBM
9 5 (0.92%) NetApp
10 4 (0.73%) HubSpot
11 3 (0.55%) Confluent
11 3 (0.55%) Databricks
11 3 (0.55%) Perforce
12 2 (0.37%) CA
12 2 (0.37%) Red Hat
12 2 (0.37%) TIBCO