Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 1,331 1,446 1,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.66% 20.06% 15.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.28% 38.14% 31.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,139 1,223 910
City of London median daily rate £575 £550 £536
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.56% +2.14%
10th Percentile £425 £413 £375
90th Percentile £725 £725 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
City of London median hourly rate - - £45.00
Central London median hourly rate - - £45.00

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,883 3,791 3,295
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 54.44% 52.59% 50.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,223 3,167 2,770
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £383 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £688 £660
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 11 10
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £24.49 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +51.48% -10.96% +8.16%
10th Percentile £16.10 £13.35 £16.06
90th Percentile £74.46 £30.00 £55.19
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £25.79 £27.50
% change year-on-year +43.83% -6.23% +8.16%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the City of London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the City of London

Java
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -4 85 £575 +4.55%
Moorgate -13 7 £525 - 1
Java
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Java.

1 680 (51.09%) Agile Software Development
2 382 (28.70%) Finance
3 371 (27.87%) TDD
4 344 (25.85%) Spring
5 336 (25.24%) Banking
6 317 (23.82%) Amazon AWS
7 303 (22.76%) Microservices
8 282 (21.19%) Java 8
9 256 (19.23%) JavaScript
10 249 (18.71%) DevOps
11 242 (18.18%) Docker
12 206 (15.48%) REST
13 194 (14.58%) HTML
14 192 (14.43%) Front Office
14 192 (14.43%) Spring Boot
15 190 (14.27%) Python
16 184 (13.82%) Maven
17 179 (13.45%) Kubernetes
17 179 (13.45%) Jenkins
18 177 (13.30%) Git (software)
19 174 (13.07%) Greenfield Project
20 170 (12.77%) SQL
21 168 (12.62%) Test Automation
22 163 (12.25%) Linux
23 152 (11.42%) BDD
24 149 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
25 143 (10.74%) Oracle
26 142 (10.67%) NoSQL
27 140 (10.52%) AngularJS
28 139 (10.44%) Kafka

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (6.76%) Apache Spark
2 71 (5.33%) Elasticsearch
3 51 (3.83%) WebSphere
4 50 (3.76%) Tomcat
5 41 (3.08%) WebLogic
6 39 (2.93%) Confluence
7 38 (2.85%) Apache
8 31 (2.33%) OpenStack
9 20 (1.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 17 (1.28%) CMS
11 15 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
11 15 (1.13%) WordPress
12 13 (0.98%) SAS
13 12 (0.90%) JBoss
14 9 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 8 (0.60%) Mule
16 7 (0.53%) Drupal
17 6 (0.45%) Jetty
17 6 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
18 5 (0.38%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 7 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.075%) Acrobat
2 1 (0.075%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.075%) InVision
2 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.075%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (0.98%) Actimize
2 7 (0.53%) ION MarketView
2 7 (0.53%) Oracle Financials
2 7 (0.53%) Oracle General Ledger
3 3 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.15%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.075%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.075%) Endur
5 1 (0.075%) Kondor
5 1 (0.075%) Loan IQ
5 1 (0.075%) MetaTrader
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.075%) Summit
5 1 (0.075%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 317 (23.82%) Amazon AWS
2 81 (6.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (2.40%) Heroku
4 27 (2.03%) AWS Lambda
4 27 (2.03%) Serverless
5 26 (1.95%) Google Cloud Platform
6 25 (1.88%) GitHub
7 19 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
8 16 (1.20%) Amazon S3
9 14 (1.05%) PaaS
10 13 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (0.90%) BrowserStack
12 10 (0.75%) IaaS
13 9 (0.68%) Amazon EMR
13 9 (0.68%) Amazon Kinesis
13 9 (0.68%) Apigee
13 9 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
13 9 (0.68%) npm
13 9 (0.68%) OpenShift
14 8 (0.60%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 58 (4.36%) HTTP
2 35 (2.63%) DNS
2 35 (2.63%) TCP/IP
3 32 (2.40%) FTP
3 32 (2.40%) SSL
4 9 (0.68%) Internet
5 8 (0.60%) AMQP
6 7 (0.53%) Firewall
7 4 (0.30%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.30%) MQTT
7 4 (0.30%) X.509
8 3 (0.23%) DHCP
8 3 (0.23%) Network Security
9 2 (0.15%) LAN
10 1 (0.075%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.075%) IPsec
10 1 (0.075%) Junos
10 1 (0.075%) MRTG
10 1 (0.075%) WAN
10 1 (0.075%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (10.67%) NoSQL
2 106 (7.96%) MongoDB
3 89 (6.69%) Big Data
4 86 (6.46%) Relational Database
5 84 (6.31%) Hadoop
6 80 (6.01%) PostgreSQL
7 77 (5.79%) SQL Server
8 73 (5.48%) MySQL
9 68 (5.11%) Apache Cassandra
10 57 (4.28%) Redis
11 35 (2.63%) RDBMS
12 30 (2.25%) Apache Hive
13 26 (1.95%) Riak
14 14 (1.05%) DB2
15 11 (0.83%) HBase
15 11 (0.83%) Impala
16 10 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (0.75%) KDB
17 8 (0.60%) Apache Kudu
17 8 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 184 (13.82%) Maven
2 179 (13.45%) Jenkins
3 177 (13.30%) Git (software)
4 90 (6.76%) JUnit
5 84 (6.31%) Cucumber
6 80 (6.01%) Selenium
7 78 (5.86%) Gradle
8 63 (4.73%) JIRA
9 50 (3.76%) Mockito
10 38 (2.85%) GitLab
11 34 (2.55%) gulp
11 34 (2.55%) Subversion
12 33 (2.48%) NUnit
13 31 (2.33%) MSTest
14 28 (2.10%) WebDriver
15 26 (1.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 22 (1.65%) jMock
17 21 (1.58%) Bitbucket
18 17 (1.28%) Appium
19 15 (1.13%) JMeter
General
1 382 (28.70%) Finance
2 336 (25.24%) Banking
3 192 (14.43%) Front Office
4 94 (7.06%) Investment Banking
5 33 (2.48%) Publishing
6 28 (2.10%) Financial Institution
7 26 (1.95%) Back Office
8 18 (1.35%) Advertising
9 17 (1.28%) Retail
10 11 (0.83%) Telecoms
11 10 (0.75%) Law
12 9 (0.68%) Games
13 8 (0.60%) Marketing
14 7 (0.53%) General Ledger
14 7 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.30%) Legal
15 4 (0.30%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.15%) Digital Economy
16 2 (0.15%) Prime Brokerage
17 1 (0.075%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 888 (66.72%) Developer
2 696 (52.29%) Java Developer
3 207 (15.55%) Senior Developer
4 179 (13.45%) Senior Java Developer
5 111 (8.34%) Full Stack Developer
6 82 (6.16%) DevOps Engineer
7 63 (4.73%) Front Office Developer
7 63 (4.73%) Java Engineer
8 51 (3.83%) Architect
9 41 (3.08%) Agile Developer
9 41 (3.08%) AWS Developer
10 38 (2.85%) Agile Java Developer
11 35 (2.63%) Electronic Trading Developer
11 35 (2.63%) JSP Developer
12 33 (2.48%) Analyst
13 32 (2.40%) Scala Developer
13 32 (2.40%) Tester
14 31 (2.33%) Technical Leader
15 29 (2.18%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
16 28 (2.10%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 344 (25.85%) Spring
2 206 (15.48%) REST
3 194 (14.58%) HTML
4 192 (14.43%) Spring Boot
5 140 (10.52%) AngularJS
6 139 (10.44%) Kafka
7 113 (8.49%) React
8 110 (8.26%) RESTful
9 106 (7.96%) Hibernate
10 102 (7.66%) CSS
11 98 (7.36%) HTML5
12 93 (6.99%) Node.js
13 75 (5.63%) Web Services
14 69 (5.18%) SOAP
14 69 (5.18%) XML
15 67 (5.03%) JMS
15 67 (5.03%) JSON
16 56 (4.21%) .NET
17 52 (3.91%) OAuth
18 49 (3.68%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 174 (13.07%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (6.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 76 (5.71%) Equities
4 73 (5.48%) Fixed Income
5 62 (4.66%) Derivative
5 62 (4.66%) Fintech
6 49 (3.68%) Mobile App
7 38 (2.85%) Algorithms
8 31 (2.33%) User Experience
9 28 (2.10%) Equity Derivative
10 25 (1.88%) iPad
11 23 (1.73%) Data Structures
12 21 (1.58%) Analytical Skills
12 21 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
13 14 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
14 13 (0.98%) Hedge funds
15 10 (0.75%) Public Cloud
16 9 (0.68%) Data Centre
16 9 (0.68%) Enterprise Software
16 9 (0.68%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 163 (12.25%) Linux
2 117 (8.79%) Unix
3 33 (2.48%) Android
4 27 (2.03%) Windows
5 23 (1.73%) Apple iOS
6 13 (0.98%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.38%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.23%) Solaris
9 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.23%) VMS
10 2 (0.15%) AIX
10 2 (0.15%) CentOS
11 1 (0.075%) Debian
11 1 (0.075%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.075%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.075%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 680 (51.09%) Agile Software Development
2 371 (27.87%) TDD
3 303 (22.76%) Microservices
4 249 (18.71%) DevOps
5 168 (12.62%) Test Automation
6 152 (11.42%) BDD
7 149 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
8 137 (10.29%) Multithreading
9 136 (10.22%) OO
10 129 (9.69%) Low Latency
11 125 (9.39%) Scrum
12 115 (8.64%) Open Source
13 110 (8.26%) Electronic Trading
14 109 (8.19%) SDLC
15 87 (6.54%) Software Engineering
16 81 (6.09%) Computer Science
17 74 (5.56%) E-Commerce
18 70 (5.26%) Continuous Delivery
19 67 (5.03%) Problem-Solving
20 64 (4.81%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 282 (21.19%) Java 8
2 256 (19.23%) JavaScript
3 190 (14.27%) Python
4 170 (12.77%) SQL
5 109 (8.19%) Scala
6 70 (5.26%) Kotlin
7 65 (4.88%) C#
8 43 (3.23%) ES6
9 39 (2.93%) C++
9 39 (2.93%) TypeScript
10 38 (2.85%) Ruby
11 28 (2.10%) Bash Shell
12 27 (2.03%) Groovy
13 24 (1.80%) Perl
13 24 (1.80%) PHP
14 22 (1.65%) Go
15 21 (1.58%) C
15 21 (1.58%) PL/SQL
16 19 (1.43%) Shell Script
17 13 (0.98%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 79 (5.94%) Degree
2 26 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (0.90%) Security Cleared
4 6 (0.45%) Master's Degree
5 5 (0.38%) SC Cleared
6 4 (0.30%) AWS Certification
6 4 (0.30%) ISTQB
6 4 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 3 (0.23%) PhD
7 3 (0.23%) Sun Certification
8 2 (0.15%) CREST Certified
8 2 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.075%) CEH
9 1 (0.075%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.075%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.075%) ISEB
9 1 (0.075%) MOS
9 1 (0.075%) OSCP
9 1 (0.075%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (4.96%) QA
2 12 (0.90%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.23%) HIPAA
3 3 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 3 (0.23%) SLA
4 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.15%) PSD2
5 1 (0.075%) GDPR
5 1 (0.075%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.075%) MiFID
5 1 (0.075%) SEPA
5 1 (0.075%) Solvency II
System Software
1 242 (18.18%) Docker
2 14 (1.05%) HDFS
3 8 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.45%) vSphere
5 4 (0.30%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.15%) OpenAM
6 2 (0.15%) Varnish
6 2 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.075%) etcd
7 1 (0.075%) KVM
7 1 (0.075%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.075%) OpenIDM
7 1 (0.075%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.075%) Xen
Systems Management
1 179 (13.45%) Kubernetes
2 111 (8.34%) Ansible
3 96 (7.21%) Terraform
4 67 (5.03%) Puppet
5 54 (4.06%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (2.25%) Docker Swarm
7 20 (1.50%) Packer
8 12 (0.90%) Kibana
8 12 (0.90%) logstash
8 12 (0.90%) Prometheus
9 10 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.60%) Nagios
11 7 (0.53%) Consul
11 7 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.45%) Oozie
12 6 (0.45%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.38%) Grafana
14 4 (0.30%) Graphite
15 3 (0.23%) Mesos
15 3 (0.23%) Uchiwa
Vendors
1 143 (10.74%) Oracle
2 38 (2.85%) Google
3 34 (2.55%) Sybase
4 31 (2.33%) IBM
5 28 (2.10%) TIBCO
6 18 (1.35%) ION Trading
6 18 (1.35%) Microsoft
6 18 (1.35%) SAP
7 16 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
8 15 (1.13%) Atlassian
8 15 (1.13%) Splunk
9 11 (0.83%) Terracotta
10 10 (0.75%) AppDynamics
10 10 (0.75%) hybris
10 10 (0.75%) Tableau
11 9 (0.68%) MuleSoft
11 9 (0.68%) New Relic
11 9 (0.68%) VMware
12 8 (0.60%) Adobe
13 7 (0.53%) Progress