Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Bash Shell skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Bash Shell over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Bash Shell
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 158 140 178
Rank change year-on-year -18 +38 -9
Contract jobs citing Bash Shell 1,145 501 1,230
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.71% 1.89% 1.58%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.30% 4.39% 3.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 791 363 819
10th Percentile £413 £329 £350
25th Percentile £463 £417 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £638 £585 £619
90th Percentile £688 £638 £713
UK median daily rate £540 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +8.00% -4.76% +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 7
10th Percentile £38.65 " £37.50
25th Percentile £40.75 £35.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £46.11 £45.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +2.47% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £50.86 £55.63 £50.50
90th Percentile £52.60 £56.75 £52.65
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

Bash Shell is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,619 11,408 33,016
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.78% 43.07% 42.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,385 8,085 23,406
10th Percentile £360 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £694 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £484 £475
% change year-on-year +8.58% +1.79% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 398 221 567
10th Percentile £17.47 £12.63 £18.00
25th Percentile £25.31 £21.25 £33.25
Median hourly rate £45.48 £37.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.27% -16.67% +6.47%
75th Percentile £58.74 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.54 £55.00 £55.70
UK median hourly rate £45.32 £37.93 £44.26
% change year-on-year +19.48% -14.31% +5.38%

Bash Shell
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Bash Shell as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Bash Shell in England

Bash Shell
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Bash Shell in England.

Daily rate trend for Bash Shell in England

Bash Shell
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Bash Shell in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Bash Shell in England

Bash Shell
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Bash Shell in England.

Hourly rate trend for Bash Shell in England

Bash Shell
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Bash Shell in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Bash Shell in England

Bash Shell
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Bash Shell within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 645 £570 +8.57% 283
South East -38 143 £525 +10.53% 58
North of England -63 90 £525 +6.06% 76
South West -10 74 £540 +6.67% 34
North West -43 59 £545 +3.81% 48
East of England -29 42 £500 +60.00% 40
Midlands -61 37 £458 +12.96% 50
West Midlands -56 26 £519 -5.68% 31
Yorkshire -40 25 £535 +94.36% 22
East Midlands -32 10 £450 +12.85% 19
North East -17 6 £513 +3.54% 6
Bash Shell
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Bash Shell also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Bash Shell.

1 831 (72.58%) Python
2 649 (56.68%) DevOps
3 638 (55.72%) Linux
4 569 (49.69%) Terraform
5 481 (42.01%) Ansible
6 471 (41.14%) Docker
7 448 (39.13%) AWS
8 438 (38.25%) Azure
9 430 (37.55%) Kubernetes
10 401 (35.02%) Jenkins
11 377 (32.93%) PowerShell
12 363 (31.70%) Agile Software Development
13 345 (30.13%) Infrastructure as Code
14 314 (27.42%) Git (software)
15 295 (25.76%) Java
16 214 (18.69%) Puppet
17 213 (18.60%) Windows
18 180 (15.72%) Security Cleared
19 176 (15.37%) Continuous Integration
20 169 (14.76%) Configuration Management
20 169 (14.76%) GitLab
21 160 (13.97%) JavaScript
22 158 (13.80%) Test Automation
23 156 (13.62%) GitHub
23 156 (13.62%) AWS CloudFormation
24 154 (13.45%) GCP
25 147 (12.84%) Finance
26 144 (12.58%) Social Skills
27 141 (12.31%) JIRA
28 139 (12.14%) SQL

Bash Shell
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (6.11%) Confluence
2 51 (4.45%) Apache
3 34 (2.97%) Tomcat
4 32 (2.79%) nginx
5 28 (2.45%) Apache Spark
6 25 (2.18%) CMS
7 22 (1.92%) Elasticsearch
7 22 (1.92%) SharePoint
8 12 (1.05%) WebLogic
9 9 (0.79%) IIS
9 9 (0.79%) OpenStack
10 7 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
10 7 (0.61%) JBoss
10 7 (0.61%) Traefik
11 4 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.35%) Luigi
11 4 (0.35%) Mattermost
11 4 (0.35%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.26%) Mule
12 3 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 10 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.087%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.087%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.44%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.087%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.087%) Primavera
2 1 (0.087%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.087%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 448 (39.13%) AWS
2 438 (38.25%) Azure
3 156 (13.62%) AWS CloudFormation
3 156 (13.62%) GitHub
4 154 (13.45%) GCP
5 125 (10.92%) PaaS
6 91 (7.95%) IaaS
7 73 (6.38%) Serverless
8 62 (5.41%) Amazon EKS
9 61 (5.33%) SaaS
10 53 (4.63%) Amazon EC2
11 46 (4.02%) Amazon S3
12 43 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
13 35 (3.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 34 (2.97%) Amazon ECS
14 34 (2.97%) OpenShift
15 25 (2.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 22 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
16 22 (1.92%) GitHub Actions
17 18 (1.57%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 100 (8.73%) Firewall
2 80 (6.99%) DNS
3 55 (4.80%) TCP/IP
4 42 (3.67%) HTTP
5 38 (3.32%) VPN
6 31 (2.71%) SAN
7 28 (2.45%) Network Security
7 28 (2.45%) SSL
8 25 (2.18%) WAN
9 23 (2.01%) Internet
10 17 (1.48%) IPv4
10 17 (1.48%) VLAN
11 15 (1.31%) DHCP
12 14 (1.22%) SSH
13 13 (1.14%) Kerberos
14 10 (0.87%) LAN
15 8 (0.70%) Wi-Fi
16 7 (0.61%) 5G
16 7 (0.61%) NAS
16 7 (0.61%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (4.54%) PostgreSQL
2 49 (4.28%) MySQL
2 49 (4.28%) SQL Server
3 44 (3.84%) NoSQL
4 42 (3.67%) Big Data
5 41 (3.58%) Apache Cassandra
6 34 (2.97%) Amazon RDS
7 33 (2.88%) MongoDB
8 32 (2.79%) Data Lake
9 29 (2.53%) Hadoop
10 21 (1.83%) Oracle Database
10 21 (1.83%) Relational Database
11 19 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
12 18 (1.57%) Apache Hive
13 16 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 15 (1.31%) Tableau
15 14 (1.22%) Redis
16 13 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
16 13 (1.14%) MariaDB
17 12 (1.05%) HBase
Development Applications
1 401 (35.02%) Jenkins
2 314 (27.42%) Git (software)
3 169 (14.76%) GitLab
4 141 (12.31%) JIRA
5 92 (8.03%) Maven
6 73 (6.38%) TeamCity
7 61 (5.33%) Bitbucket
8 58 (5.07%) Gradle
9 55 (4.80%) Sonatype Nexus
10 38 (3.32%) SonarQube
11 34 (2.97%) Selenium
12 23 (2.01%) Subversion
13 22 (1.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 21 (1.83%) Artifactory
15 19 (1.66%) Cucumber
16 17 (1.48%) JUnit
17 14 (1.22%) CircleCI
17 14 (1.22%) GoCD
18 13 (1.14%) JMeter
19 11 (0.96%) Eclipse
General
1 147 (12.84%) Finance
2 144 (12.58%) Social Skills
3 80 (6.99%) Public Sector
4 51 (4.45%) Analytical Skills
5 48 (4.19%) Banking
6 30 (2.62%) Telecoms
7 25 (2.18%) Electronics
7 25 (2.18%) Retail
8 22 (1.92%) Presentation Skills
9 19 (1.66%) Legal
9 19 (1.66%) Marketing
10 16 (1.40%) Manufacturing
11 15 (1.31%) Investment Banking
12 8 (0.70%) Games
13 7 (0.61%) Law
14 6 (0.52%) Automotive
14 6 (0.52%) Front Office
15 5 (0.44%) Billing
16 4 (0.35%) Documentation Skills
16 4 (0.35%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 363 (31.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 139 (12.14%) Developer
3 103 (9.00%) Cloud Engineer
4 102 (8.91%) Azure Engineer
5 86 (7.51%) Architect
5 86 (7.51%) AWS Engineer
6 76 (6.64%) Administrator
7 62 (5.41%) Systems Administrator
8 60 (5.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 60 (5.24%) Site Reliability Engineer
9 54 (4.72%) Site Engineer
10 53 (4.63%) AWS DevOps
11 49 (4.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 47 (4.10%) Linux Administrator
12 47 (4.10%) Senior DevOps
13 45 (3.93%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 44 (3.84%) Azure Architect
14 44 (3.84%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 42 (3.67%) Cloud Architect
16 38 (3.32%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (7.86%) Web Services
2 89 (7.77%) REST
3 88 (7.69%) Kafka
4 63 (5.50%) Node.js
5 53 (4.63%) Elastic Stack
6 50 (4.37%) React
7 47 (4.10%) YAML
8 43 (3.76%) HTML
9 39 (3.41%) CSS
9 39 (3.41%) JSON
10 38 (3.32%) ARM Templates
11 37 (3.23%) .NET
11 37 (3.23%) LDAP
12 32 (2.79%) SOAP
13 27 (2.36%) Spring
14 22 (1.92%) Django
15 21 (1.83%) Redux
15 21 (1.83%) RESTful
15 21 (1.83%) Spring Boot
16 18 (1.57%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 85 (7.42%) Public Cloud
2 73 (6.38%) Cloud Native
2 73 (6.38%) Data Centre
3 72 (6.29%) Linux Command Line
4 42 (3.67%) Data Protection Act
5 26 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (2.18%) Clustering
7 23 (2.01%) Management Information System
7 23 (2.01%) PKI
8 21 (1.83%) User Experience
9 20 (1.75%) Private Cloud
10 17 (1.48%) Hybrid Cloud
11 14 (1.22%) Algorithms
12 13 (1.14%) Embedded Systems
12 13 (1.14%) Legacy Applications
13 12 (1.05%) Replication
14 11 (0.96%) Cybercrime
15 9 (0.79%) Enterprise Software
15 9 (0.79%) Virtual Team
16 8 (0.70%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 638 (55.72%) Linux
2 213 (18.60%) Windows
3 129 (11.27%) Unix
4 116 (10.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 86 (7.51%) Ubuntu
6 62 (5.41%) CentOS
7 57 (4.98%) Windows Server
8 20 (1.75%) Solaris
9 17 (1.48%) Windows Server 2016
10 16 (1.40%) Windows Server 2019
11 11 (0.96%) VMS
12 10 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
13 8 (0.70%) OpenWrt
14 6 (0.52%) CoreOS
15 5 (0.44%) AIX
16 4 (0.35%) Android
16 4 (0.35%) Oracle Linux
17 3 (0.26%) Apple iOS
17 3 (0.26%) Mac OS
17 3 (0.26%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 649 (56.68%) DevOps
2 363 (31.70%) Agile Software Development
3 345 (30.13%) Infrastructure as Code
4 176 (15.37%) Continuous Integration
5 169 (14.76%) Configuration Management
6 158 (13.80%) Test Automation
7 129 (11.27%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 110 (9.61%) Microservices
9 109 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
10 98 (8.56%) Migration
11 95 (8.30%) Open Source
12 87 (7.60%) Software Engineering
13 83 (7.25%) Scrum
14 82 (7.16%) Deployment Automation
15 75 (6.55%) Analytics
16 70 (6.11%) Continuous Deployment
17 68 (5.94%) Task Automation
18 65 (5.68%) TDD
19 54 (4.72%) Machine Learning
20 53 (4.63%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 831 (72.58%) Python
2 377 (32.93%) PowerShell
3 295 (25.76%) Java
4 160 (13.97%) JavaScript
5 139 (12.14%) SQL
6 124 (10.83%) Perl
7 116 (10.13%) Ruby
8 89 (7.77%) Go
9 88 (7.69%) C#
10 86 (7.51%) Shell Script
11 56 (4.89%) C++
12 54 (4.72%) C
13 51 (4.45%) PHP
14 42 (3.67%) Groovy
15 30 (2.62%) TypeScript
16 24 (2.10%) AWK
17 22 (1.92%) Scala
18 18 (1.57%) sed
19 13 (1.14%) Korn
20 10 (0.87%) ES6
Qualifications
1 180 (15.72%) Security Cleared
2 136 (11.88%) SC Cleared
3 45 (3.93%) Degree
4 32 (2.79%) AWS Certification
5 30 (2.62%) RHCE
6 26 (2.27%) DV Cleared
7 19 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (0.70%) CREST Certified
9 8 (0.70%) SANS
10 7 (0.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 5 (0.44%) RHCA
12 4 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.35%) CISSP
12 4 (0.35%) ISTQB
13 3 (0.26%) CISM
14 2 (0.17%) CCIE
14 2 (0.17%) CCSP
14 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.17%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (3.14%) NCSC
2 31 (2.71%) QA
3 15 (1.31%) GDPR
3 15 (1.31%) SLA
4 10 (0.87%) NIST
5 8 (0.70%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (0.61%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.52%) JTAG
8 4 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 3 (0.26%) SOC 2
10 2 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.17%) SOC 1
11 1 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.087%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.087%) GRC
11 1 (0.087%) PSD2
System Software
1 471 (41.14%) Docker
2 84 (7.34%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (5.94%) Active Directory
4 34 (2.97%) vSphere
5 24 (2.10%) VMware ESXi
6 20 (1.75%) NFS
7 15 (1.31%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (1.14%) HDFS
9 8 (0.70%) VMware NSX
10 7 (0.61%) Virtual Servers
11 6 (0.52%) Firmware
12 5 (0.44%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.35%) iptables
13 4 (0.35%) Veritas File System
13 4 (0.35%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 3 (0.26%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.26%) LXC
14 3 (0.26%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 3 (0.26%) Xen
15 2 (0.17%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 569 (49.69%) Terraform
2 481 (42.01%) Ansible
3 430 (37.55%) Kubernetes
4 214 (18.69%) Puppet
5 93 (8.12%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (6.81%) Prometheus
7 60 (5.24%) Grafana
8 39 (3.41%) Packer
9 38 (3.32%) Istio
10 35 (3.06%) Nagios
11 33 (2.88%) Kibana
12 27 (2.36%) Docker Swarm
12 27 (2.36%) ZABBIX
13 23 (2.01%) Rancher
14 16 (1.40%) Consul
14 16 (1.40%) logstash
15 15 (1.31%) HAProxy
16 14 (1.22%) Icinga
17 12 (1.05%) vCenter Server
18 10 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 132 (11.53%) VMware
2 115 (10.04%) Red Hat
3 111 (9.69%) Microsoft
4 85 (7.42%) Oracle
5 81 (7.07%) Splunk
6 64 (5.59%) Google
7 35 (3.06%) IBM
8 27 (2.36%) Atlassian
9 25 (2.18%) HP
10 23 (2.01%) Dell
10 23 (2.01%) SAP
11 22 (1.92%) Databricks
12 21 (1.83%) Cisco
13 19 (1.66%) ServiceNow
14 18 (1.57%) 3PAR
15 15 (1.31%) CyberArk
16 14 (1.22%) AppDynamics
16 14 (1.22%) PagerDuty
16 14 (1.22%) SaltStack
17 13 (1.14%) Cloudera