Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Bash skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Bash over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Bash Shell
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 149 174 194
Rank change year-on-year +25 +20 -27
Contract jobs citing Bash 1,248 543 940
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.82% 1.59% 1.43%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.69% 3.78% 3.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 831 379 586
10th Percentile £419 £328 £361
25th Percentile £475 £405 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% -2.38%
75th Percentile £648 £573 £606
90th Percentile £700 £600 £688
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% -2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 6
10th Percentile £51.91 - £37.50
25th Percentile - £35.00 £39.38
Median hourly rate £69.05 £45.00 £46.25
Median % change year-on-year +53.44% -2.70% +7.56%
75th Percentile £85.00 £55.63 £49.88
90th Percentile £91.40 £56.75 £52.88
UK median hourly rate £69.05 £40.00 £40.35
% change year-on-year +72.63% -0.87% -5.06%

Bash is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,602 14,358 27,069
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 38.78% 41.98% 41.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,651 10,197 19,175
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £450 £389 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £480 £485
Median % change year-on-year +14.58% -1.03% +1.04%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £538 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +13.16% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 390 341 479
10th Percentile £19.52 £13.50 £16.50
25th Percentile £32.63 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -3.41% +4.11%
75th Percentile £60.38 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £71.50 £58.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year +15.29% -1.16% +2.15%

Bash
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Bash as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Bash in England

Bash
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Bash in England.

Daily rate trend for Bash in England

Bash
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Bash in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Bash in England

Bash
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Bash in England.

Hourly rate trend for Bash in England

Bash
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Bash in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Bash in England

Bash
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Bash within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +24 695 £575 +15.00% 232
South East -8 156 £550 +27.17% 46
South West +19 98 £528 +11.05% 26
North of England -56 90 £530 +11.58% 50
East of England -15 56 £525 +25.37% 39
North West -64 52 £555 +6.83% 30
Midlands -32 43 £500 +23.46% 37
West Midlands -35 32 £500 +25.00% 21
Yorkshire -44 24 £475 +35.71% 13
North East +10 14 £525 -8.22% 7
East Midlands -31 9 £500 +23.46% 15
Bash
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Bash also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Bash.

1 835 (66.91%) Python
2 685 (54.89%) DevOps
3 675 (54.09%) Linux
4 566 (45.35%) Terraform
5 527 (42.23%) CI/CD
6 499 (39.98%) AWS
7 492 (39.42%) Docker
8 482 (38.62%) PowerShell
9 461 (36.94%) Azure
10 453 (36.30%) Ansible
11 444 (35.58%) Kubernetes
12 437 (35.02%) Agile Software Development
13 432 (34.62%) Jenkins
14 353 (28.29%) Git (software)
15 336 (26.92%) Java
16 319 (25.56%) Infrastructure as Code
17 281 (22.52%) Windows
18 233 (18.67%) AWS CloudFormation
19 220 (17.63%) Security Cleared
20 200 (16.03%) JavaScript
21 197 (15.79%) GCP
22 186 (14.90%) GitHub
23 181 (14.50%) Continuous Integration
23 181 (14.50%) Social Skills
24 175 (14.02%) Finance
25 173 (13.86%) Puppet
26 172 (13.78%) GitLab
27 162 (12.98%) Configuration Management
28 154 (12.34%) Unix
29 153 (12.26%) SQL

Bash
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (5.29%) Apache
2 53 (4.25%) Confluence
3 46 (3.69%) nginx
4 42 (3.37%) Elasticsearch
5 39 (3.13%) Apache Spark
6 32 (2.56%) CMS
7 27 (2.16%) Tomcat
8 20 (1.60%) JBoss
8 20 (1.60%) SharePoint
8 20 (1.60%) WebSphere
9 16 (1.28%) ArcGIS
10 14 (1.12%) Traefik
10 14 (1.12%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.04%) OpenStack
12 7 (0.56%) IIS
12 7 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
13 6 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
13 6 (0.48%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.40%) Jupyter
15 4 (0.32%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 7 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.32%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.080%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 5 (0.40%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.080%) Magento
2 1 (0.080%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.080%) Oracle EBS R12
2 1 (0.080%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.080%) Retail-J
2 1 (0.080%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 499 (39.98%) AWS
2 461 (36.94%) Azure
3 233 (18.67%) AWS CloudFormation
4 197 (15.79%) GCP
5 186 (14.90%) GitHub
6 113 (9.05%) PaaS
7 101 (8.09%) Serverless
8 80 (6.41%) Amazon EC2
9 66 (5.29%) IaaS
10 59 (4.73%) Amazon S3
10 59 (4.73%) AWS Lambda
11 55 (4.41%) Amazon EKS
12 51 (4.09%) Amazon ECS
13 46 (3.69%) SaaS
13 46 (3.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 44 (3.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 38 (3.04%) Azure Monitor
16 37 (2.96%) AWS CodePipeline
17 36 (2.88%) Azure Functions
18 32 (2.56%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 106 (8.49%) Firewall
2 86 (6.89%) DNS
3 52 (4.17%) TCP/IP
4 48 (3.85%) Network Security
5 36 (2.88%) HTTP
5 36 (2.88%) Internet
5 36 (2.88%) VPN
6 29 (2.32%) SSL
7 21 (1.68%) WAN
8 19 (1.52%) SAN
9 17 (1.36%) DHCP
10 15 (1.20%) Multicast
11 12 (0.96%) FTP
12 11 (0.88%) NAS
12 11 (0.88%) VLAN
13 10 (0.80%) IPsec
13 10 (0.80%) LAN
13 10 (0.80%) SSH
14 9 (0.72%) OSPF
15 8 (0.64%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (4.57%) MySQL
2 56 (4.49%) Data Lake
3 55 (4.41%) NoSQL
4 51 (4.09%) Big Data
5 49 (3.93%) SQL Server
6 48 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
7 43 (3.45%) Amazon RDS
8 39 (3.13%) MongoDB
9 32 (2.56%) Apache Cassandra
9 32 (2.56%) Hadoop
10 28 (2.24%) Relational Database
11 26 (2.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 26 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
12 24 (1.92%) Apache Hive
13 23 (1.84%) Tableau
14 20 (1.60%) Power BI
15 19 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
16 18 (1.44%) Amazon Athena
17 17 (1.36%) RDBMS
18 15 (1.20%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 432 (34.62%) Jenkins
2 353 (28.29%) Git (software)
3 172 (13.78%) GitLab
4 108 (8.65%) JIRA
5 88 (7.05%) Maven
6 86 (6.89%) TeamCity
7 74 (5.93%) Gradle
8 65 (5.21%) Bitbucket
9 35 (2.80%) Sonatype Nexus
10 33 (2.64%) Selenium
11 32 (2.56%) SonarQube
12 27 (2.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 26 (2.08%) CircleCI
14 20 (1.60%) JUnit
15 19 (1.52%) Cucumber
16 17 (1.36%) Artifactory
17 16 (1.28%) Subversion
18 14 (1.12%) JMeter
19 13 (1.04%) Burp Suite
19 13 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 181 (14.50%) Social Skills
2 175 (14.02%) Finance
3 82 (6.57%) Public Sector
4 68 (5.45%) Banking
5 61 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
6 36 (2.88%) Retail
7 30 (2.40%) Legal
8 27 (2.16%) Telecoms
9 25 (2.00%) Financial Institution
10 23 (1.84%) Investment Banking
11 18 (1.44%) Presentation Skills
12 16 (1.28%) Documentation Skills
13 15 (1.20%) Front Office
14 9 (0.72%) Influencing Skills
14 9 (0.72%) Law
14 9 (0.72%) Marketing
15 7 (0.56%) Electronics
15 7 (0.56%) Games
15 7 (0.56%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.40%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 346 (27.72%) DevOps Engineer
2 172 (13.78%) Developer
3 138 (11.06%) AWS Engineer
3 138 (11.06%) Cloud Engineer
4 111 (8.89%) Azure Engineer
5 93 (7.45%) Architect
6 78 (6.25%) AWS DevOps
7 76 (6.09%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 69 (5.53%) Administrator
9 58 (4.65%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 57 (4.57%) Data Engineer
11 55 (4.41%) Linux Engineer
11 55 (4.41%) Site Reliability Engineer
12 51 (4.09%) Site Engineer
13 48 (3.85%) Systems Administrator
14 43 (3.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 39 (3.13%) Cloud Architect
15 39 (3.13%) Senior Developer
15 39 (3.13%) Senior DevOps
16 38 (3.04%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 106 (8.49%) Kafka
2 100 (8.01%) REST
3 61 (4.89%) Node.js
4 59 (4.73%) Elastic Stack
5 54 (4.33%) React
6 48 (3.85%) JSON
7 43 (3.45%) YAML
8 42 (3.37%) .NET
9 37 (2.96%) HTML
10 33 (2.64%) Spring
11 32 (2.56%) CSS
11 32 (2.56%) Redux
12 30 (2.40%) ARM Templates
13 28 (2.24%) Web Services
14 26 (2.08%) Spring Boot
15 23 (1.84%) Apache NiFi
15 23 (1.84%) SOAP
16 19 (1.52%) LAMP
16 19 (1.52%) LDAP
16 19 (1.52%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 127 (10.18%) Public Cloud
2 89 (7.13%) Cloud Native
3 65 (5.21%) Linux Command Line
4 49 (3.93%) Data Centre
5 36 (2.88%) Hybrid Cloud
5 36 (2.88%) User Experience
6 30 (2.40%) PKI
7 29 (2.32%) Data Protection Act
7 29 (2.32%) Private Cloud
8 27 (2.16%) Clustering
9 19 (1.52%) Algorithms
9 19 (1.52%) Management Information System
10 18 (1.44%) Hedge funds
11 17 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
12 15 (1.20%) Data Structures
13 14 (1.12%) Virtual Team
14 12 (0.96%) Embedded Systems
14 12 (0.96%) Mobile App
15 10 (0.80%) Equities
16 9 (0.72%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 675 (54.09%) Linux
2 281 (22.52%) Windows
3 154 (12.34%) Unix
4 144 (11.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 84 (6.73%) CentOS
6 75 (6.01%) Ubuntu
7 51 (4.09%) Windows Server
8 18 (1.44%) Windows 10
9 17 (1.36%) Solaris
10 15 (1.20%) Debian
11 12 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
12 11 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
13 10 (0.80%) Windows Server 2016
13 10 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
14 9 (0.72%) Amazon Linux
14 9 (0.72%) Android
15 6 (0.48%) AIX
15 6 (0.48%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.48%) OpenWrt
16 5 (0.40%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 685 (54.89%) DevOps
2 527 (42.23%) CI/CD
3 437 (35.02%) Agile Software Development
4 319 (25.56%) Infrastructure as Code
5 181 (14.50%) Continuous Integration
6 162 (12.98%) Configuration Management
7 142 (11.38%) Migration
8 135 (10.82%) Test Automation
9 127 (10.18%) Open Source
10 106 (8.49%) Analytics
11 97 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
12 95 (7.61%) Software Engineering
13 92 (7.37%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 88 (7.05%) Scrum
15 82 (6.57%) Microservices
16 66 (5.29%) Load Balancing
17 62 (4.97%) Deployment Automation
18 60 (4.81%) Machine Learning
18 60 (4.81%) Task Automation
19 58 (4.65%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 835 (66.91%) Python
2 482 (38.62%) PowerShell
3 336 (26.92%) Java
4 200 (16.03%) JavaScript
5 153 (12.26%) SQL
6 128 (10.26%) Ruby
7 122 (9.78%) C#
8 114 (9.13%) Shell Script
9 111 (8.89%) Perl
10 91 (7.29%) Go
11 62 (4.97%) C
11 62 (4.97%) C++
12 45 (3.61%) Groovy
13 37 (2.96%) PHP
14 36 (2.88%) Scala
15 19 (1.52%) AWK
15 19 (1.52%) R
16 18 (1.44%) sed
17 15 (1.20%) TypeScript
18 12 (0.96%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 220 (17.63%) Security Cleared
2 153 (12.26%) SC Cleared
3 65 (5.21%) DV Cleared
4 52 (4.17%) Degree
5 33 (2.64%) AWS Certification
6 23 (1.84%) RHCE
7 20 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
8 19 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
9 15 (1.20%) Cisco Certification
10 11 (0.88%) CREST Certified
11 10 (0.80%) SANS
12 9 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.56%) CCNA
14 6 (0.48%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 6 (0.48%) CISSP
15 5 (0.40%) MCSE
16 4 (0.32%) CCIE
17 3 (0.24%) CCNP
17 3 (0.24%) PMI Certification
17 3 (0.24%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (3.04%) NCSC
2 27 (2.16%) GDPR
3 26 (2.08%) QA
4 15 (1.20%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.96%) SLA
6 6 (0.48%) NIST
7 5 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.40%) JSP 440
7 5 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.32%) JTAG
9 3 (0.24%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.24%) GLBA
9 3 (0.24%) PMO
10 1 (0.080%) GRC
10 1 (0.080%) PSD2
10 1 (0.080%) SOC 1
10 1 (0.080%) SOC 2
System Software
1 492 (39.42%) Docker
2 98 (7.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 58 (4.65%) Active Directory
4 24 (1.92%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (1.68%) vSphere
6 19 (1.52%) HDFS
7 17 (1.36%) VMware ESXi
8 14 (1.12%) NFS
9 9 (0.72%) VMware NSX
10 7 (0.56%) Firmware
11 6 (0.48%) Apache Flume
12 5 (0.40%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 5 (0.40%) vCloud
12 5 (0.40%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.32%) iptables
13 4 (0.32%) LXC
13 4 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.24%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 3 (0.24%) Hyper-V
14 3 (0.24%) KVM
Systems Management
1 566 (45.35%) Terraform
2 453 (36.30%) Ansible
3 444 (35.58%) Kubernetes
4 173 (13.86%) Puppet
5 98 (7.85%) Opscode Chef
6 83 (6.65%) Prometheus
7 76 (6.09%) Grafana
8 54 (4.33%) Kibana
9 51 (4.09%) Packer
10 47 (3.77%) Istio
11 40 (3.21%) Docker Swarm
12 37 (2.96%) Nagios
12 37 (2.96%) ZABBIX
13 35 (2.80%) Consul
14 28 (2.24%) HAProxy
15 21 (1.68%) logstash
16 16 (1.28%) Icinga
16 16 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
17 15 (1.20%) Graphite
17 15 (1.20%) Podman
Vendors
1 148 (11.86%) VMware
2 145 (11.62%) Microsoft
3 102 (8.17%) Red Hat
4 94 (7.53%) Oracle
5 74 (5.93%) Google
6 73 (5.85%) Splunk
7 48 (3.85%) Databricks
8 44 (3.53%) Atlassian
9 31 (2.48%) IBM
10 29 (2.32%) Cisco
11 22 (1.76%) PagerDuty
12 20 (1.60%) HP
12 20 (1.60%) ServiceNow
13 15 (1.20%) NetApp
14 13 (1.04%) Talend
15 12 (0.96%) Dell
15 12 (0.96%) StreamSets
16 11 (0.88%) SAP
17 10 (0.80%) Cloudera
17 10 (0.80%) New Relic