Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Leeds with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 91 64 52
Rank change year-on-year -27 -12 +31
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 55 73 107
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Leeds 2.16% 3.43% 3.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.43% 3.89% 4.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 30 47 82
Leeds median daily rate £425 £413 £401
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +2.80% +33.75%
10th Percentile £345 £313 £313
90th Percentile £475 £481 £545
West Yorkshire median daily rate £413 £413 £400
% change year-on-year - +3.13% +33.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Leeds median hourly rate £36.00 - -
West Yorkshire median hourly rate £36.00 - -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Leeds with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Leeds
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,261 1,877 2,537
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Leeds 88.84% 88.25% 87.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,560 1,252 1,783
Leeds median daily rate £406 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.50% - +10.34%
10th Percentile £300 £293 £290
90th Percentile £538 £550 £575
West Yorkshire median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 19 35
Leeds median hourly rate £32.25 £14.50 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +122.41% +11.54% -25.71%
10th Percentile £12.65 £11.06 £10.20
90th Percentile £44.05 £31.90 £21.35
West Yorkshire median hourly rate £17.50 £13.50 £15.50
% change year-on-year +29.63% -12.90% -13.89%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in Leeds

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Leeds.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in Leeds

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Leeds

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in Leeds.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in Leeds

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Leeds

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in Leeds over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in Leeds

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Leeds

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in Leeds.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in Leeds

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Leeds region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 40 (72.73%) Agile Software Development
2 29 (52.73%) TDD
3 23 (41.82%) Java
4 22 (40.00%) JavaScript
5 20 (36.36%) Continuous Integration
5 20 (36.36%) Test Automation
6 18 (32.73%) Git (software)
7 17 (30.91%) Software Engineering
8 15 (27.27%) BDD
8 15 (27.27%) Jenkins
9 14 (25.45%) CSS
9 14 (25.45%) HTML
10 13 (23.64%) PostgreSQL
11 12 (21.82%) Adobe
11 12 (21.82%) Python
11 12 (21.82%) jQuery
11 12 (21.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 11 (20.00%) Mentoring
12 11 (20.00%) Scrum
13 10 (18.18%) C#
13 10 (18.18%) Kanban
14 9 (16.36%) OO
14 9 (16.36%) AngularJS
15 8 (14.55%) OSGi
15 8 (14.55%) PowerMock
15 8 (14.55%) Elasticsearch
15 8 (14.55%) Ansible
15 8 (14.55%) JSR 170
15 8 (14.55%) Software Architecture
15 8 (14.55%) Mockito

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in Leeds by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (21.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
2 8 (14.55%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (10.91%) Confluence
4 4 (7.27%) Apache Pig
4 4 (7.27%) nginx
5 2 (3.64%) SharePoint
6 1 (1.82%) WebSphere
6 1 (1.82%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (7.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
Cloud Services
1 6 (10.91%) Amazon AWS
2 4 (7.27%) AWS CloudFormation
2 4 (7.27%) CloudFront
3 2 (3.64%) Amazon EC2
4 1 (1.82%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 2 (3.64%) FIX Connectivity
2 1 (1.82%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (23.64%) PostgreSQL
2 7 (12.73%) MySQL
3 5 (9.09%) NoSQL
4 4 (7.27%) Apache Cassandra
4 4 (7.27%) Apache Hive
4 4 (7.27%) Big Data
4 4 (7.27%) Hadoop
4 4 (7.27%) HBase
4 4 (7.27%) MongoDB
4 4 (7.27%) Redis
4 4 (7.27%) Relational Database
5 3 (5.45%) SQL Server
6 2 (3.64%) Amazon RDS
6 2 (3.64%) SQL Server 2008
6 2 (3.64%) SQL Server 2012
6 2 (3.64%) SQL Server 2014
7 1 (1.82%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 18 (32.73%) Git (software)
2 15 (27.27%) Jenkins
3 8 (14.55%) Mockito
4 7 (12.73%) JIRA
4 7 (12.73%) Maven
4 7 (12.73%) SonarQube
5 6 (10.91%) Selenium
5 6 (10.91%) Sonatype Nexus
6 5 (9.09%) Eclipse
6 5 (9.09%) Grunt
6 5 (9.09%) gulp
7 4 (7.27%) Mercurial
7 4 (7.27%) Subversion
8 3 (5.45%) Vagrant
9 2 (3.64%) Gradle
9 2 (3.64%) Hamcrest
9 2 (3.64%) Jasmine
9 2 (3.64%) Octopus Deploy
9 2 (3.64%) SpecFlow
9 2 (3.64%) WebDriver
General
1 6 (10.91%) Finance
2 4 (7.27%) Telecoms
3 1 (1.82%) Banking
3 1 (1.82%) Law
Job Titles
1 47 (85.45%) Developer
2 11 (20.00%) Python Developer
3 6 (10.91%) JavaScript Developer
4 5 (9.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 5 (9.09%) Java Developer
4 5 (9.09%) Senior Developer
5 4 (7.27%) ABAP Developer
5 4 (7.27%) SAP Developer
6 3 (5.45%) Automation Tester
6 3 (5.45%) Software Engineer
6 3 (5.45%) Tester
6 3 (5.45%) UI Developer
7 2 (3.64%) .NET Developer
7 2 (3.64%) Agile Java Developer
7 2 (3.64%) Android Developer
7 2 (3.64%) HTML Developer
7 2 (3.64%) PHP Developer
7 2 (3.64%) Senior .NET Developer
7 2 (3.64%) Senior Java Developer
7 2 (3.64%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (25.45%) CSS
1 14 (25.45%) HTML
2 12 (21.82%) jQuery
3 9 (16.36%) AngularJS
4 8 (14.55%) JSR 170
4 8 (14.55%) OSGi
4 8 (14.55%) PowerMock
5 7 (12.73%) CSS3
5 7 (12.73%) Django
5 7 (12.73%) HTML5
6 6 (10.91%) JSON
6 6 (10.91%) RESTful
6 6 (10.91%) XML
7 5 (9.09%) .NET
7 5 (9.09%) Node.js
7 5 (9.09%) Sass
7 5 (9.09%) SOAP
8 4 (7.27%) RabbitMQ
9 3 (5.45%) React
9 3 (5.45%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 4 (7.27%) Greenfield Project
2 3 (5.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 2 (3.64%) Equities
3 2 (3.64%) N-Tier
4 1 (1.82%) Analytical Skills
4 1 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
4 1 (1.82%) Management Information System
4 1 (1.82%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 2 (3.64%) Android
1 2 (3.64%) VMS
2 1 (1.82%) Linux
2 1 (1.82%) Unix
2 1 (1.82%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 40 (72.73%) Agile Software Development
2 29 (52.73%) TDD
3 20 (36.36%) Continuous Integration
3 20 (36.36%) Test Automation
4 17 (30.91%) Software Engineering
5 15 (27.27%) BDD
6 11 (20.00%) Mentoring
6 11 (20.00%) Scrum
7 10 (18.18%) Kanban
8 9 (16.36%) OO
9 8 (14.55%) Software Architecture
10 7 (12.73%) Coaching
10 7 (12.73%) Content Management
10 7 (12.73%) Waterfall
11 5 (9.09%) Front End Development
11 5 (9.09%) Microservices
11 5 (9.09%) MVC
12 4 (7.27%) Data Analysis
12 4 (7.27%) Pair Programming
12 4 (7.27%) Technical Architecture
Programming Languages
1 23 (41.82%) Java
2 22 (40.00%) JavaScript
3 12 (21.82%) Python
4 10 (18.18%) C#
5 7 (12.73%) SQL
6 6 (10.91%) PHP
7 5 (9.09%) C++
8 4 (7.27%) ABAP
9 2 (3.64%) PHP 7
9 2 (3.64%) TypeScript
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (12.73%) QA
System Software
1 4 (7.27%) Docker
Systems Management
1 8 (14.55%) Ansible
2 4 (7.27%) Opscode Chef
2 4 (7.27%) Puppet
3 1 (1.82%) Oracle Identity Management
3 1 (1.82%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 12 (21.82%) Adobe
2 7 (12.73%) Coverity
3 4 (7.27%) SAP
4 3 (5.45%) Microsoft
5 2 (3.64%) Oracle
5 2 (3.64%) Perforce
5 2 (3.64%) Zend
6 1 (1.82%) Google