The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 24 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 15 25 19
Rank change year-on-year
+10 -6
Contract jobs citing CSS 307 332 427
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 9.28% 6.13% 7.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.48% 20.82% 23.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 269 257 320
Median daily rate £425 £375 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £250 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £508 £526
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 0
Median hourly rate - £19.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.49 £32.54 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-37.02% +1.68%
CSS
London

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1117 1595 1806
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 33.78% 29.46% 29.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 958 1284 1397
Median daily rate £450 £425 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% -2.85%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £315 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 10 0
Median hourly rate £16.52 £19.72 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-16.23% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.50 £37.80 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-8.73% +8.00%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the City of London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 24 May 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 493 (94.44%) HTML
2 457 (87.55%) JavaScript
3 283 (54.21%) HTML5
4 231 (44.25%) CSS3
4 231 (44.25%) AngularJS
5 219 (41.95%) Agile Software Development
6 179 (34.29%) Front End Development
7 169 (32.38%) jQuery
8 139 (26.63%) Java
9 138 (26.44%) TDD
10 133 (25.48%) Node.js
11 107 (20.50%) Web Development
12 106 (20.31%) Finance
13 102 (19.54%) Sass
14 101 (19.35%) .NET
15 96 (18.39%) Scrum
16 92 (17.62%) MVC
16 92 (17.62%) React
17 89 (17.05%) OO
17 89 (17.05%) Git (software)
18 80 (15.33%) C#
19 79 (15.13%) User Experience
20 78 (14.94%) BDD
21 77 (14.75%) Backbone.js
22 73 (13.98%) SQL
23 72 (13.79%) Spring
24 66 (12.64%) PHP
25 63 (12.07%) MySQL
26 62 (11.88%) Responsive Web Design
27 61 (11.69%) REST

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (25.48%) Node.js
2 54 (10.34%) CMS
3 18 (3.45%) WordPress
4 17 (3.26%) Tomcat
5 16 (3.07%) Umbraco
6 13 (2.49%) nginx
7 12 (2.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 12 (2.30%) Drupal
7 12 (2.30%) Jetty
8 9 (1.72%) IIS
8 9 (1.72%) SharePoint
9 7 (1.34%) Apache
10 5 (0.96%) Mule
10 5 (0.96%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (0.77%) EPiServer CMS
11 4 (0.77%) SharePoint 2010
11 4 (0.77%) SharePoint 2013
12 3 (0.57%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.38%) Sitefinity
Applications
1 19 (3.64%) Photoshop
2 14 (2.68%) MS Excel
3 7 (1.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (1.34%) MS Office
4 4 (0.77%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.77%) OmniGraffle
5 3 (0.57%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.38%) SPSS
7 1 (0.19%) GIMP
7 1 (0.19%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.19%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.96%) Eloqua
2 4 (0.77%) Unica
3 3 (0.57%) Magento
4 2 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.19%) BigMachines
5 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 24 (4.60%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (2.68%) AWS CloudFormation
3 12 (2.30%) GitHub
4 6 (1.15%) Microsoft Azure
5 3 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
5 3 (0.57%) SaaS
6 2 (0.38%) Bluemix
6 2 (0.38%) Office 365
7 1 (0.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.19%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (0.19%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.19%) Force.com
7 1 (0.19%) Google Analytics
7 1 (0.19%) IaaS
7 1 (0.19%) PaaS
7 1 (0.19%) Route 53
7 1 (0.19%) Sage Pay
Communications & Networking
1 16 (3.07%) HTTP
2 10 (1.92%) Network Security
3 4 (0.77%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.57%) LDAP
5 2 (0.38%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.38%) Internet
6 1 (0.19%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.19%) Remote Desktop
6 1 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.19%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (12.07%) MySQL
2 50 (9.58%) SQL Server
3 39 (7.47%) NoSQL
4 37 (7.09%) MongoDB
5 16 (3.07%) Relational Database
6 12 (2.30%) Apache Hive
7 9 (1.72%) Big Data
7 9 (1.72%) Impala
7 9 (1.72%) Neo4j
8 8 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
9 7 (1.34%) RDBMS
9 7 (1.34%) SQL Server 2008
9 7 (1.34%) SQL Server 2012
10 5 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
10 5 (0.96%) PostgreSQL
11 4 (0.77%) QlikView
11 4 (0.77%) Redis
12 3 (0.57%) BusinessObjects
13 2 (0.38%) Crystal Reports
13 2 (0.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 89 (17.05%) Git (software)
2 49 (9.39%) gulp
3 42 (8.05%) Grunt
4 25 (4.79%) Jasmine
5 24 (4.60%) JIRA
6 23 (4.41%) Jenkins
6 23 (4.41%) JUnit
7 22 (4.21%) Selenium
8 18 (3.45%) Subversion
9 17 (3.26%) Cucumber
10 16 (3.07%) Karma Test Runner
10 16 (3.07%) Mocha
11 14 (2.68%) Maven
12 13 (2.49%) Bower
12 13 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
13 12 (2.30%) WebDriver
14 11 (2.11%) TeamCity
15 9 (1.72%) Protractor
15 9 (1.72%) Visual Studio
16 8 (1.53%) IntelliJ
General
1 106 (20.31%) Finance
2 49 (9.39%) Banking
3 26 (4.98%) Games
4 19 (3.64%) Advertising
4 19 (3.64%) Marketing
5 11 (2.11%) Investment Banking
5 11 (2.11%) Publishing
6 6 (1.15%) Financial Institution
6 6 (1.15%) Legal
7 5 (0.96%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.77%) Law
8 4 (0.77%) Retail
9 3 (0.57%) Arabic Language
9 3 (0.57%) Electronics
10 2 (0.38%) Front Office
10 2 (0.38%) Interactive Media
10 2 (0.38%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.19%) Japanese Language
11 1 (0.19%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 458 (87.74%) Developer
2 152 (29.12%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 126 (24.14%) JavaScript Developer
4 102 (19.54%) Senior Developer
5 76 (14.56%) Java Developer
6 55 (10.54%) Full Stack Developer
7 51 (9.77%) HTML Developer
8 46 (8.81%) .NET Developer
9 44 (8.43%) Angular Developer
10 42 (8.05%) Senior Java Developer
11 40 (7.66%) HTML CSS Developer
12 34 (6.51%) Web Developer
13 28 (5.36%) Designer
14 24 (4.60%) ASP.NET Developer
15 23 (4.41%) C# Developer
15 23 (4.41%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 20 (3.83%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
16 20 (3.83%) C# .NET Developer
16 20 (3.83%) Node.js Developer
17 19 (3.64%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 493 (94.44%) HTML
2 283 (54.21%) HTML5
3 231 (44.25%) AngularJS
3 231 (44.25%) CSS3
4 169 (32.38%) jQuery
5 102 (19.54%) Sass
6 101 (19.35%) .NET
7 92 (17.62%) React
8 77 (14.75%) Backbone.js
9 72 (13.79%) Spring
10 61 (11.69%) REST
10 61 (11.69%) XML
11 56 (10.73%) ASP.NET
11 56 (10.73%) JSON
12 52 (9.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 50 (9.58%) RESTful
14 49 (9.39%) Ajax
15 45 (8.62%) LESS
15 45 (8.62%) Web Services
16 31 (5.94%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 79 (15.13%) User Experience
2 19 (3.64%) Computer Science
3 16 (3.07%) Mobile App
4 15 (2.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 11 (2.11%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (2.11%) Digital Media
6 10 (1.92%) Fintech
7 9 (1.72%) W3C
8 8 (1.53%) Management Information System
8 8 (1.53%) NHS
9 7 (1.34%) Equities
9 7 (1.34%) Hedge funds
9 7 (1.34%) Visualisation
10 6 (1.15%) Derivative
11 5 (0.96%) Fixed Income
12 4 (0.77%) New Media
13 3 (0.57%) Blog
13 3 (0.57%) Inversion of Control
14 2 (0.38%) iPhone
14 2 (0.38%) Mathematics
Operating Systems
1 30 (5.75%) Linux
2 19 (3.64%) Windows
3 17 (3.26%) Unix
4 13 (2.49%) Apple iOS
5 12 (2.30%) Android
6 10 (1.92%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.96%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.38%) Windows Phone
10 1 (0.19%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 219 (41.95%) Agile Software Development
2 179 (34.29%) Front End Development
3 138 (26.44%) TDD
4 107 (20.50%) Web Development
5 96 (18.39%) Scrum
6 92 (17.62%) MVC
7 89 (17.05%) OO
8 78 (14.94%) BDD
9 62 (11.88%) Responsive Web Design
10 50 (9.58%) Continuous Integration
11 46 (8.81%) Pair Programming
12 43 (8.24%) E-Commerce
12 43 (8.24%) OOP
13 38 (7.28%) Automated Testing
14 37 (7.09%) Kanban
15 25 (4.79%) Software Engineering
16 20 (3.83%) CRM
17 19 (3.64%) Content Management
18 18 (3.45%) Wireframes
19 17 (3.26%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 457 (87.55%) JavaScript
2 139 (26.63%) Java
3 80 (15.33%) C#
4 73 (13.98%) SQL
5 66 (12.64%) PHP
6 27 (5.17%) Python
7 23 (4.41%) Ruby
8 17 (3.26%) Scala
9 14 (2.68%) T-SQL
10 12 (2.30%) PL/SQL
11 11 (2.11%) Shell Script
12 9 (1.72%) ES6
12 9 (1.72%) TypeScript
13 7 (1.34%) Groovy
14 5 (0.96%) Apex Code
14 5 (0.96%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.96%) ECMAScript
14 5 (0.96%) Perl
15 4 (0.77%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.77%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 33 (6.32%) Degree
2 7 (1.34%) Security Cleared
3 4 (0.77%) PMI Certification
3 4 (0.77%) PMP
4 3 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
4 3 (0.57%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.19%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.19%) HND
5 1 (0.19%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.87%) QA
2 4 (0.77%) WCAG
3 2 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.19%) WAI
System Software
1 3 (0.57%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.38%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (0.77%) Puppet
Vendors
1 27 (5.17%) Oracle
2 24 (4.60%) Microsoft
3 22 (4.21%) Adobe
4 10 (1.92%) Salesforce.com
5 6 (1.15%) ServiceNow
5 6 (1.15%) Zend
6 5 (0.96%) EPiServer
6 5 (0.96%) New Relic
6 5 (0.96%) RedDot
6 5 (0.96%) SAP
7 4 (0.77%) hybris
7 4 (0.77%) IBM
7 4 (0.77%) Telerik
7 4 (0.77%) Twitter
8 3 (0.57%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.38%) ATG
9 2 (0.38%) Google
9 2 (0.38%) Red Hat
9 2 (0.38%) Sitecore
10 1 (0.19%) Apple
City, London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Posted: 7 hours ago
City, London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £500 - £520 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Cadence Resourcing
Rate: on application
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Thebes IT
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City of London
g2 Recruitment
Posted: 20 hours ago
City, London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £375.00 - £425.00 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Data Idols
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Data Idols
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £325 - £425 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £50000 - £80000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
JS Agency
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £475 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City of London
Arrows Group Ltd
Rate: £400 - £475 per day + negotiable
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £600 - £625 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £525 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: to £500 day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £400 - £435 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £180.40 - £216.48 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Interquest - IQ Tech
Rate: £575 - £600 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £280 - £320 per day
Posted: 12 days ago
City of London
Amoria Bond
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 13 days ago
City of London
Progressive Recruitment
Rate: £450 - £550 per annum + competitive
Posted: 13 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £300.00 - £330.00 per annum
Posted: 14 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 14 days ago
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 20 days ago
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 20 days ago
City of London
Ampersand Consulting
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 20 days ago