The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 31 March 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
31 Mar 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 23 19 24
Rank change year-on-year
-4 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 358 450 338
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 6.79% 7.19% 5.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 22.52% 23.82% 19.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 263 319 253
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£388 £375 £350
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% +7.14%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £290 £242
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £500
UK excluding London average daily rate £335 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+3.07% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
Average hourly rate £23.19 £190.00 £25.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-87.79% +660.00%
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+9.37% -8.57%
CSS
London

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1590 1889 1713
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 30.18% 30.20% 28.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1272 1409 1374
Average daily rate £425 £425 £425
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £600 £575
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £330 £325
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 13
Average hourly rate £27.37 £42.50 £135.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-35.60% -68.51%
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.00 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+2.85% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 31 March 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 31 March 2015, IT contractor jobs across the City of London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 676 (95.62%) HTML
2 579 (81.90%) JavaScript
3 334 (47.24%) HTML5
4 308 (43.56%) jQuery
5 257 (36.35%) CSS3
6 252 (35.64%) Agile Software Development
7 194 (27.44%) AngularJS
8 159 (22.49%) .NET
9 151 (21.36%) TDD
10 149 (21.07%) C#
11 142 (20.08%) PHP
12 136 (19.24%) MVC
13 135 (19.09%) User Experience
14 126 (17.82%) Java
15 111 (15.70%) SQL
16 104 (14.71%) Web Services
17 101 (14.29%) OO
18 98 (13.86%) SQL Server
18 98 (13.86%) ASP.NET
19 96 (13.58%) Git (software)
20 95 (13.44%) Backbone.js
21 92 (13.01%) MySQL
22 90 (12.73%) XML
23 87 (12.31%) Responsive Web Design
24 83 (11.74%) Web Development
24 83 (11.74%) Node.js
25 80 (11.32%) Ajax
26 75 (10.61%) Sass
26 75 (10.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 72 (10.18%) CMS

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

For the 6 months to 31 March 2015, IT contractor jobs across the City of London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 83 (11.74%) Node.js
2 72 (10.18%) CMS
3 40 (5.66%) SharePoint
4 24 (3.39%) WordPress
5 22 (3.11%) SharePoint 2013
6 21 (2.97%) Drupal
7 20 (2.83%) Apache
8 16 (2.26%) Tomcat
9 13 (1.84%) IIS
9 13 (1.84%) Umbraco
10 10 (1.41%) Sitecore CMS
11 9 (1.27%) SharePoint 2010
12 7 (0.99%) JBoss
13 6 (0.85%) Adobe CQ
14 5 (0.71%) ColdFusion
14 5 (0.71%) Elasticsearch
14 5 (0.71%) nginx
14 5 (0.71%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.71%) WebLogic
14 5 (0.71%) Confluence
Applications
1 52 (7.36%) Photoshop
2 27 (3.82%) Adobe Illustrator
3 16 (2.26%) MS Excel
4 12 (1.70%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 4 (0.57%) Fireworks
5 4 (0.57%) PowerPivot
6 3 (0.42%) InfoPath
6 3 (0.42%) MS Office
6 3 (0.42%) ImageReady
7 2 (0.28%) InDesign
7 2 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.14%) MS PowerPoint
8 1 (0.14%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 12 (1.70%) Magento
2 4 (0.57%) Dynamics NAV
2 4 (0.57%) Google Analytics
3 3 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.42%) Tridion
4 2 (0.28%) osCommerce
5 1 (0.14%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.14%) RMDS
5 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.14%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.14%) SiteCatalyst
Cloud Services
1 16 (2.26%) Microsoft Azure
2 8 (1.13%) Force.com
3 7 (0.99%) GitHub
4 4 (0.57%) Office 365
4 4 (0.57%) SaaS
5 3 (0.42%) Amazon AWS
6 2 (0.28%) Google App Engine
6 2 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.14%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.14%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.40%) Internet
2 11 (1.56%) HTTP
3 10 (1.41%) Intranet
4 2 (0.28%) VPN
4 2 (0.28%) DVB
5 1 (0.14%) Firewall
5 1 (0.14%) Cisco IOS
5 1 (0.14%) Cisco PIX
5 1 (0.14%) Cisco ASA
5 1 (0.14%) NetScaler
5 1 (0.14%) Cisco Nexus
5 1 (0.14%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.14%) SSL
5 1 (0.14%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.14%) LDAP
5 1 (0.14%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (13.86%) SQL Server
2 92 (13.01%) MySQL
3 28 (3.96%) SQL Server 2008
4 27 (3.82%) MongoDB
5 26 (3.68%) Relational Database
6 17 (2.40%) NoSQL
7 13 (1.84%) PostgreSQL
8 12 (1.70%) SQL Server 2005
8 12 (1.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 12 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
9 11 (1.56%) RDBMS
10 10 (1.41%) QlikView
10 10 (1.41%) SQL Server 2012
11 9 (1.27%) Redis
11 9 (1.27%) Big Data
12 8 (1.13%) Apache Cassandra
13 7 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 5 (0.71%) Oracle Database 11g
14 5 (0.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 5 (0.71%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 96 (13.58%) Git (software)
2 50 (7.07%) Grunt
3 49 (6.93%) Subversion
4 34 (4.81%) Jasmine
5 27 (3.82%) Selenium
6 26 (3.68%) JIRA
7 24 (3.39%) Visual Studio
7 24 (3.39%) Bower
8 23 (3.25%) Cucumber
9 22 (3.11%) Maven
10 21 (2.97%) Team Foundation Server
10 21 (2.97%) Axure RP
11 20 (2.83%) WebDriver
12 17 (2.40%) Jenkins
13 15 (2.12%) JUnit
14 13 (1.84%) TeamCity
15 12 (1.70%) Ant
15 12 (1.70%) Karma Test Runner
15 12 (1.70%) QUnit
16 10 (1.41%) Mocha
General
1 58 (8.20%) Finance
2 44 (6.22%) Banking
3 27 (3.82%) Marketing
4 23 (3.25%) Investment Banking
5 18 (2.55%) Retail
6 17 (2.40%) Advertising
7 14 (1.98%) Games
8 12 (1.70%) Legal
9 10 (1.41%) Telecoms
9 10 (1.41%) Publishing
10 4 (0.57%) Back Office
11 3 (0.42%) Automotive
12 2 (0.28%) Law
12 2 (0.28%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.28%) Front Office
12 2 (0.28%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.28%) Arabic Language
12 2 (0.28%) Hindi Language
13 1 (0.14%) iGaming
13 1 (0.14%) German Language
Job Titles
1 572 (80.91%) Developer
2 141 (19.94%) Front-End Developer
3 84 (11.88%) Web Developer
4 80 (11.32%) Senior Developer
5 64 (9.05%) Designer
6 56 (7.92%) PHP Developer
7 46 (6.51%) JavaScript Developer
8 42 (5.94%) UX Designer
9 37 (5.23%) .NET Developer
10 36 (5.09%) Java Developer
11 26 (3.68%) C# Developer
12 21 (2.97%) Architect
12 21 (2.97%) SharePoint Developer
13 20 (2.83%) UI Developer
13 20 (2.83%) UI Programmer
14 19 (2.69%) Full Stack Developer
15 18 (2.55%) UI Designer
15 18 (2.55%) Senior Web Developer
16 15 (2.12%) Drupal Developer
17 14 (1.98%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 676 (95.62%) HTML
2 334 (47.24%) HTML5
3 308 (43.56%) jQuery
4 257 (36.35%) CSS3
5 194 (27.44%) AngularJS
6 159 (22.49%) .NET
7 104 (14.71%) Web Services
8 98 (13.86%) ASP.NET
9 95 (13.44%) Backbone.js
10 90 (12.73%) XML
11 80 (11.32%) Ajax
12 75 (10.61%) Sass
12 75 (10.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 72 (10.18%) JSON
14 61 (8.63%) RESTful
15 60 (8.49%) REST
16 56 (7.92%) LESS
17 47 (6.65%) Spring
18 45 (6.36%) XHTML
19 40 (5.66%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 135 (19.09%) User Experience
2 40 (5.66%) Mobile App
3 24 (3.39%) Visualisation
4 21 (2.97%) Computer Science
5 17 (2.40%) Open Source
6 15 (2.12%) Social Media
7 14 (1.98%) W3C
8 13 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (1.84%) Digital Media
9 11 (1.56%) Analytical Skills
10 9 (1.27%) Graphic Design
11 8 (1.13%) Streaming Video
11 8 (1.13%) Data Structures
12 6 (0.85%) Video on Demand
12 6 (0.85%) E-Learning
13 5 (0.71%) Kindle
14 4 (0.57%) Human Factors
14 4 (0.57%) iPad
14 4 (0.57%) Inversion of Control
14 4 (0.57%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 43 (6.08%) Linux
2 28 (3.96%) Apple iOS
3 26 (3.68%) UNIX
4 25 (3.54%) Android
5 24 (3.39%) Windows
6 7 (0.99%) Mac OS X
6 7 (0.99%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.85%) CentOS
8 5 (0.71%) VMS
9 3 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.28%) OpenVMS
10 2 (0.28%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 252 (35.64%) Agile Software Development
2 151 (21.36%) TDD
3 136 (19.24%) MVC
4 101 (14.29%) OO
5 87 (12.31%) Responsive Web Design
6 83 (11.74%) Web Development
7 71 (10.04%) Scrum
8 57 (8.06%) E-Commerce
9 55 (7.78%) BDD
10 52 (7.36%) Continuous Integration
11 31 (4.38%) Web Design
11 31 (4.38%) Unit Testing
12 27 (3.82%) Pair Programming
12 27 (3.82%) Content Management
13 26 (3.68%) OOP
14 25 (3.54%) SOA
15 23 (3.25%) Kanban
16 21 (2.97%) Project Management
17 20 (2.83%) Data Modelling
18 19 (2.69%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 579 (81.90%) JavaScript
2 149 (21.07%) C#
3 142 (20.08%) PHP
4 126 (17.82%) Java
5 111 (15.70%) SQL
6 36 (5.09%) Ruby
7 23 (3.25%) Scala
8 20 (2.83%) Python
9 14 (1.98%) T-SQL
10 12 (1.70%) Objective-C
11 11 (1.56%) VBA
12 10 (1.41%) C
12 10 (1.41%) PHP5
13 9 (1.27%) Shell Script
14 8 (1.13%) Apex Code
14 8 (1.13%) VB.NET
15 7 (0.99%) C++
16 6 (0.85%) PL/SQL
17 5 (0.71%) VB
17 5 (0.71%) XPath
Qualifications
1 39 (5.52%) Degree
2 12 (1.70%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.42%) SC Cleared
3 3 (0.42%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.14%) MBA
4 1 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.40%) QA
2 5 (0.71%) ISO 9001
3 4 (0.57%) WAI
4 2 (0.28%) WCAG
5 1 (0.14%) SLA
5 1 (0.14%) HL7
System Software
1 3 (0.42%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 7 (0.99%) Puppet
2 3 (0.42%) Vagrant
2 3 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
2 3 (0.42%) Ansible
3 1 (0.14%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 45 (6.36%) Microsoft
2 33 (4.67%) Adobe
3 30 (4.24%) Oracle
4 22 (3.11%) Google
5 20 (2.83%) Zend
6 16 (2.26%) Sitecore
7 12 (1.70%) EPiServer
8 11 (1.56%) Twitter
8 11 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
9 6 (0.85%) Ektron
9 6 (0.85%) Facebook
10 5 (0.71%) hybris
11 4 (0.57%) DevExpress
11 4 (0.57%) Syncfusion
11 4 (0.57%) IBM
11 4 (0.57%) Epicor
11 4 (0.57%) Sybase
12 3 (0.42%) Cognos
12 3 (0.42%) HP
12 3 (0.42%) Red Hat
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