The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 8 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
8 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 23 20 23
Rank change year-on-year
-3 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 214 356 372
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 6.79% 6.93% 6.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.38% 22.53% 21.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 188 281 249
Average daily rate £406 £400 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+1.56% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £500
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 4
Average hourly rate £55.00 £27.37 £21.25
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+100.94% +28.80%
UK excluding London average hourly rate £31.75 £32.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year
-2.30% +18.18%
CSS
London

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1001 1580 1707
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 31.78% 30.75% 29.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 855 1276 1272
Average daily rate £463 £425 £425
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.82% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £300 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £600
UK excluding London average daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+4.28% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 11
Average hourly rate £55.00 £27.37 £37.25
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+100.94% -26.52%
UK excluding London average hourly rate £38.75 £33.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year
+15.67% +3.07%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 8 February 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 8 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the City of London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 434 (92.54%) HTML
2 392 (83.58%) JavaScript
3 227 (48.40%) HTML5
4 225 (47.97%) Agile Software Development
5 186 (39.66%) AngularJS
6 169 (36.03%) CSS3
7 168 (35.82%) jQuery
8 134 (28.57%) TDD
9 124 (26.44%) Front End Development
10 103 (21.96%) Node.js
11 99 (21.11%) MVC
12 97 (20.68%) Java
13 88 (18.76%) .NET
14 79 (16.84%) Git (software)
15 76 (16.20%) User Experience
16 75 (15.99%) PHP
17 73 (15.57%) SQL
18 71 (15.14%) C#
19 68 (14.50%) Backbone.js
20 65 (13.86%) Finance
20 65 (13.86%) Scrum
21 64 (13.65%) Sass
22 62 (13.22%) Spring
23 61 (13.01%) ASP.NET
23 61 (13.01%) BDD
24 57 (12.15%) Web Development
25 55 (11.73%) Continuous Integration
26 52 (11.09%) MySQL
27 51 (10.87%) SQL Server
28 50 (10.66%) OO

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

For the 6 months to 8 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the City of London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 103 (21.96%) Node.js
2 40 (8.53%) CMS
3 22 (4.69%) Drupal
4 19 (4.05%) Apache
5 15 (3.20%) WordPress
6 11 (2.35%) SharePoint
7 10 (2.13%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (1.92%) Tomcat
9 8 (1.71%) IIS
9 8 (1.71%) Umbraco
10 5 (1.07%) Apache Spark
10 5 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
10 5 (1.07%) OpenStack
11 4 (0.85%) EPiServer CMS
11 4 (0.85%) Joomla!
11 4 (0.85%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.64%) ColdFusion
12 3 (0.64%) Mule
12 3 (0.64%) SharePoint 2013
13 2 (0.43%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 24 (5.12%) Photoshop
2 12 (2.56%) Adobe Illustrator
3 10 (2.13%) MS Excel
4 6 (1.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 6 (1.28%) MS Office
5 4 (0.85%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.64%) InDesign
7 2 (0.43%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.43%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.21%) MS PowerPoint
8 1 (0.21%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 5 (1.07%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 3 (0.64%) BigMachines
2 3 (0.64%) Eloqua
2 3 (0.64%) Magento
3 1 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.21%) Unica
3 1 (0.21%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 20 (4.26%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (2.99%) AWS CloudFormation
3 10 (2.13%) Microsoft Azure
4 9 (1.92%) GitHub
5 6 (1.28%) SaaS
6 4 (0.85%) Office 365
7 3 (0.64%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (0.64%) Heroku
7 3 (0.64%) PaaS
8 2 (0.43%) Force.com
8 2 (0.43%) Google Analytics
8 2 (0.43%) Google Apps
8 2 (0.43%) IaaS
9 1 (0.21%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.21%) Amazon Glacier
9 1 (0.21%) Amazon Kinesis
9 1 (0.21%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.21%) CloudFront
9 1 (0.21%) OpenShift
9 1 (0.21%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 25 (5.33%) HTTP
2 3 (0.64%) HTTPS
3 2 (0.43%) Internet
4 1 (0.21%) Bluetooth
4 1 (0.21%) Firewall
4 1 (0.21%) FTP
4 1 (0.21%) Intranet
4 1 (0.21%) NFC
4 1 (0.21%) Remote Desktop
4 1 (0.21%) Skype
4 1 (0.21%) SMTP
4 1 (0.21%) SSL
4 1 (0.21%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
4 1 (0.21%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (11.09%) MySQL
2 51 (10.87%) SQL Server
3 30 (6.40%) MongoDB
4 22 (4.69%) NoSQL
5 14 (2.99%) Relational Database
6 11 (2.35%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (1.71%) SQL Server 2008
8 6 (1.28%) Redis
8 6 (1.28%) SQL Server 2012
9 5 (1.07%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (0.85%) Big Data
10 4 (0.85%) BusinessObjects
10 4 (0.85%) Datomic
10 4 (0.85%) Neo4j
10 4 (0.85%) Oracle Database
10 4 (0.85%) QlikView
10 4 (0.85%) RDBMS
11 3 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.64%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 79 (16.84%) Git (software)
2 36 (7.68%) Jasmine
3 29 (6.18%) gulp
4 28 (5.97%) Selenium
5 26 (5.54%) Jenkins
6 24 (5.12%) Cucumber
7 21 (4.48%) Team Foundation Server
8 20 (4.26%) Subversion
9 19 (4.05%) Grunt
10 18 (3.84%) WebDriver
11 17 (3.62%) Karma Test Runner
12 15 (3.20%) QUnit
13 14 (2.99%) Sinon.JS
14 13 (2.77%) JIRA
14 13 (2.77%) Maven
14 13 (2.77%) NUnit
15 12 (2.56%) TeamCity
16 11 (2.35%) Eclipse
17 10 (2.13%) JUnit
17 10 (2.13%) Visual Studio
General
1 65 (13.86%) Finance
2 26 (5.54%) Banking
3 25 (5.33%) Marketing
4 17 (3.62%) Publishing
5 15 (3.20%) Legal
6 13 (2.77%) Investment Banking
7 10 (2.13%) Games
8 9 (1.92%) Electronics
9 8 (1.71%) Financial Institution
10 7 (1.49%) Advertising
10 7 (1.49%) Telecoms
11 6 (1.28%) Front Office
12 5 (1.07%) Manufacturing
12 5 (1.07%) Retail
13 3 (0.64%) Arabic Language
14 2 (0.43%) Interactive Media
14 2 (0.43%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.21%) Japanese Language
15 1 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 387 (82.52%) Developer
2 117 (24.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 99 (21.11%) JavaScript Developer
4 68 (14.50%) Senior Developer
5 38 (8.10%) Java Developer
6 37 (7.89%) HTML Developer
7 35 (7.46%) Angular Developer
8 34 (7.25%) Designer
9 29 (6.18%) .NET Developer
10 28 (5.97%) PHP Developer
11 27 (5.76%) Web Developer
12 24 (5.12%) C# Developer
13 23 (4.90%) Agile Developer
14 20 (4.26%) Node.js Developer
15 19 (4.05%) HTML CSS Developer
15 19 (4.05%) Senior JavaScript Developer
16 17 (3.62%) ASP.NET Developer
16 17 (3.62%) C# .NET Developer
17 16 (3.41%) Full Stack Developer
17 16 (3.41%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 434 (92.54%) HTML
2 227 (48.40%) HTML5
3 186 (39.66%) AngularJS
4 169 (36.03%) CSS3
5 168 (35.82%) jQuery
6 88 (18.76%) .NET
7 68 (14.50%) Backbone.js
8 64 (13.65%) Sass
9 62 (13.22%) Spring
10 61 (13.01%) ASP.NET
11 46 (9.81%) REST
11 46 (9.81%) XML
12 43 (9.17%) RESTful
13 37 (7.89%) Web Services
14 36 (7.68%) React
14 36 (7.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 34 (7.25%) ASP.NET MVC
16 33 (7.04%) RequireJS
17 29 (6.18%) Hibernate
18 27 (5.76%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 76 (16.20%) User Experience
2 26 (5.54%) Computer Science
3 12 (2.56%) Analytical Skills
4 10 (2.13%) Visualisation
5 9 (1.92%) Mobile App
6 7 (1.49%) NHS
7 5 (1.07%) Equities
7 5 (1.07%) Hedge funds
7 5 (1.07%) Management Information System
7 5 (1.07%) Mathematics
8 4 (0.85%) Derivative
8 4 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (0.85%) Physics
9 3 (0.64%) Digital Media
9 3 (0.64%) Fintech
9 3 (0.64%) Fixed Income
9 3 (0.64%) Inversion of Control
9 3 (0.64%) Performance Metrics
10 2 (0.43%) Animation
10 2 (0.43%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 32 (6.82%) Linux
2 22 (4.69%) Windows
3 16 (3.41%) Unix
4 12 (2.56%) Android
5 10 (2.13%) Apple iOS
6 8 (1.71%) Windows Server
7 5 (1.07%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.21%) Windows 8
9 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 225 (47.97%) Agile Software Development
2 134 (28.57%) TDD
3 124 (26.44%) Front End Development
4 99 (21.11%) MVC
5 65 (13.86%) Scrum
6 61 (13.01%) BDD
7 57 (12.15%) Web Development
8 55 (11.73%) Continuous Integration
9 50 (10.66%) OO
10 45 (9.59%) Responsive Web Design
11 40 (8.53%) Pair Programming
12 37 (7.89%) E-Commerce
13 34 (7.25%) Unit Testing
14 26 (5.54%) Kanban
15 23 (4.90%) Automated Testing
15 23 (4.90%) Web Design
16 22 (4.69%) Business Intelligence
17 19 (4.05%) Continuous Delivery
17 19 (4.05%) Multithreading
17 19 (4.05%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 392 (83.58%) JavaScript
2 97 (20.68%) Java
3 75 (15.99%) PHP
4 73 (15.57%) SQL
5 71 (15.14%) C#
6 24 (5.12%) Python
7 21 (4.48%) Ruby
8 15 (3.20%) T-SQL
9 14 (2.99%) PowerShell
10 12 (2.56%) Scala
11 8 (1.71%) Shell Script
12 7 (1.49%) Apex Code
12 7 (1.49%) PL/SQL
13 6 (1.28%) Groovy
14 5 (1.07%) Go
15 4 (0.85%) Bash Shell
15 4 (0.85%) Clojure
15 4 (0.85%) Erlang
15 4 (0.85%) SOQL
16 3 (0.64%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 38 (8.10%) Degree
2 3 (0.64%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.43%) MCT
3 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
3 2 (0.43%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
4 1 (0.21%) MCSA
4 1 (0.21%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.35%) QA
2 2 (0.43%) WAI
2 2 (0.43%) WCAG
3 1 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 9 (1.92%) Docker
2 2 (0.43%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.21%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 9 (1.92%) Puppet
2 8 (1.71%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.21%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 22 (4.69%) Adobe
2 20 (4.26%) Oracle
3 19 (4.05%) Microsoft
4 11 (2.35%) Google
5 9 (1.92%) SAP
6 8 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
6 8 (1.71%) Zend
7 6 (1.28%) Twitter
8 5 (1.07%) hybris
8 5 (1.07%) ServiceNow
8 5 (1.07%) Telerik
9 4 (0.85%) EPiServer
9 4 (0.85%) Facebook
10 3 (0.64%) Siebel
10 3 (0.64%) Sitecore
11 2 (0.43%) IBM
11 2 (0.43%) RedDot
11 2 (0.43%) Splunk
12 1 (0.21%) Selligent
12 1 (0.21%) Teradata
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £400 - £500 per day + negotiable
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
City, London
Streamline Connections
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 20 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £700 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £400 - £525 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Vita Exclusive Recruitment/Amelco
Rate: From £350 to £450 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Miller Maxwell Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £380 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Miller Maxwell Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £350 - £440 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City of Westminster
Hays Specialist Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £430.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £351 - £425 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £800 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
ISL
Rate: £80000 - £180000 per annum + Shares + Bonus + Benefits
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Arrows Group Ltd
Rate: £450 - £550 per day + negotiable
Posted: 10 days ago
City, London
Premier Media
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 12 days ago
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 13 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £300 - £350 per annum
Posted: 19 days ago
City of London
Mason Frank International
Posted: 25 days ago
City of London
Hays Specialist Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 26 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £275 - £375 per day
Posted: 27 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £275 - £375 per day
Posted: 27 days ago