The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 22 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
22 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
London / City of London
Rank 19 24 20
Rank change year-on-year
+5 -4
Contract jobs citing CSS 241 214 363
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 8.17% 6.70% 7.08%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.17% 21.36% 23.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 216 184 284
Median daily rate £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+9.09% +3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £319 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+5.71% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
Median hourly rate - £55.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +100.94%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.75 £32.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year
-5.38% +8.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1040 1002 1552
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 35.24% 31.39% 30.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 879 851 1252
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.55% +5.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £345 £325 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 3
Median hourly rate - £55.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +100.94%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.75 £38.50 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+0.64% +13.23%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the City of London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 22 February 2017.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 521 (93.20%) HTML
2 465 (83.18%) JavaScript
3 266 (47.58%) Agile Software Development
4 263 (47.05%) HTML5
5 225 (40.25%) AngularJS
6 219 (39.18%) CSS3
7 181 (32.38%) TDD
8 168 (30.05%) jQuery
9 151 (27.01%) Front End Development
10 136 (24.33%) React
11 124 (22.18%) Java
12 121 (21.65%) MVC
13 120 (21.47%) Finance
14 107 (19.14%) Scrum
14 107 (19.14%) Node.js
15 98 (17.53%) .NET
15 98 (17.53%) User Experience
16 96 (17.17%) Sass
17 95 (16.99%) RESTful
17 95 (16.99%) Web Development
18 93 (16.64%) OO
19 91 (16.28%) C#
20 86 (15.38%) REST
21 83 (14.85%) Git (software)
22 78 (13.95%) JSON
23 77 (13.77%) BDD
24 76 (13.60%) SQL
25 74 (13.24%) Ajax
26 73 (13.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 70 (12.52%) Web Services

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.37%) CMS
2 28 (5.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 21 (3.76%) Apache
4 15 (2.68%) SharePoint
5 14 (2.50%) WordPress
6 11 (1.97%) Confluence
7 10 (1.79%) Drupal
8 9 (1.61%) JBoss
8 9 (1.61%) Tomcat
9 8 (1.43%) Elasticsearch
9 8 (1.43%) SharePoint 2013
9 8 (1.43%) Umbraco
9 8 (1.43%) WebLogic
10 6 (1.07%) Mule
10 6 (1.07%) SharePoint 2010
11 5 (0.89%) Apache Solr
11 5 (0.89%) IIS
12 2 (0.36%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.36%) WebSphere
Applications
1 18 (3.22%) Photoshop
2 11 (1.97%) MS Excel
3 8 (1.43%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 3 (0.54%) InVision
4 3 (0.54%) OmniGraffle
5 2 (0.36%) MS Office
5 2 (0.36%) UXPin
6 1 (0.18%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.18%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 12 (2.15%) Magento
2 5 (0.89%) SAP CRM
2 5 (0.89%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.36%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.18%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.18%) OpenCart
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.18%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 49 (8.77%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (4.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
4 10 (1.79%) SaaS
5 5 (0.89%) GitHub
6 4 (0.72%) Office 365
7 2 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (0.36%) Google Analytics
7 2 (0.36%) Google Cloud Platform
7 2 (0.36%) IaaS
7 2 (0.36%) MailChimp
7 2 (0.36%) PaaS
8 1 (0.18%) AdWords
8 1 (0.18%) Akamai
8 1 (0.18%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.18%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.18%) Google Tag Manager
8 1 (0.18%) Silverpop
Communications & Networking
1 30 (5.37%) HTTP
2 21 (3.76%) Internet
3 12 (2.15%) SSL
4 9 (1.61%) DNS
5 7 (1.25%) RTP
5 7 (1.25%) RTSP
6 4 (0.72%) Intranet
6 4 (0.72%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.36%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.36%) Cisco IOS
7 2 (0.36%) Firewall
7 2 (0.36%) LAN
7 2 (0.36%) Multicast
7 2 (0.36%) Network Security
7 2 (0.36%) SNMP
7 2 (0.36%) WAN
7 2 (0.36%) Wireless
8 1 (0.18%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.18%) IP Telephony
8 1 (0.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (8.77%) SQL Server
2 47 (8.41%) MySQL
3 45 (8.05%) NoSQL
4 44 (7.87%) MongoDB
5 18 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
6 16 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
7 11 (1.97%) Relational Database
8 9 (1.61%) Big Data
9 7 (1.25%) HBase
10 6 (1.07%) SQL Server 2008
10 6 (1.07%) SQL Server 2012
11 4 (0.72%) Couchbase
11 4 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 3 (0.54%) Hadoop
12 3 (0.54%) MariaDB
13 2 (0.36%) DB2
13 2 (0.36%) QlikView
13 2 (0.36%) Redis
13 2 (0.36%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 2 (0.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 83 (14.85%) Git (software)
2 45 (8.05%) gulp
3 40 (7.16%) Selenium
4 39 (6.98%) Jasmine
5 36 (6.44%) Grunt
6 35 (6.26%) Jenkins
7 34 (6.08%) webpack
8 28 (5.01%) Karma Test Runner
9 27 (4.83%) Maven
10 26 (4.65%) JIRA
11 24 (4.29%) Cucumber
12 22 (3.94%) Visual Studio
13 20 (3.58%) Mocha
14 19 (3.40%) Bower
14 19 (3.40%) Protractor
15 17 (3.04%) IntelliJ
16 15 (2.68%) Team Foundation Server
17 12 (2.15%) JUnit
17 12 (2.15%) WebDriver
18 11 (1.97%) NUnit
General
1 120 (21.47%) Finance
2 69 (12.34%) Banking
3 37 (6.62%) Marketing
4 26 (4.65%) Investment Banking
5 18 (3.22%) Retail
6 13 (2.33%) Advertising
7 9 (1.61%) Publishing
7 9 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 7 (1.25%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.25%) Front Office
9 4 (0.72%) Games
9 4 (0.72%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.54%) Automotive
10 3 (0.54%) Back Office
10 3 (0.54%) Electronics
11 2 (0.36%) Legal
11 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.36%) Multimedia
11 2 (0.36%) Music Industry
12 1 (0.18%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 477 (85.33%) Developer
2 124 (22.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 122 (21.82%) JavaScript Developer
4 87 (15.56%) Senior Developer
5 64 (11.45%) Java Developer
6 59 (10.55%) HTML Developer
7 55 (9.84%) Full Stack Developer
8 47 (8.41%) Angular Developer
9 43 (7.69%) Web Developer
10 35 (6.26%) UI Developer
11 33 (5.90%) .NET Developer
12 31 (5.55%) HTML CSS Developer
13 29 (5.19%) Senior Java Developer
14 25 (4.47%) C# Developer
15 24 (4.29%) Node.js Developer
16 23 (4.11%) Senior JavaScript Developer
17 22 (3.94%) Lead Developer
18 20 (3.58%) Designer
19 19 (3.40%) Applications Developer
20 17 (3.04%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 521 (93.20%) HTML
2 263 (47.05%) HTML5
3 225 (40.25%) AngularJS
4 219 (39.18%) CSS3
5 168 (30.05%) jQuery
6 136 (24.33%) React
7 107 (19.14%) Node.js
8 98 (17.53%) .NET
9 96 (17.17%) Sass
10 95 (16.99%) RESTful
11 86 (15.38%) REST
12 78 (13.95%) JSON
13 74 (13.24%) Ajax
14 73 (13.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 70 (12.52%) Web Services
16 54 (9.66%) XML
17 50 (8.94%) ASP.NET
17 50 (8.94%) LESS
18 49 (8.77%) Spring
19 35 (6.26%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 98 (17.53%) User Experience
2 28 (5.01%) Mobile App
3 26 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (3.40%) Fintech
5 18 (3.22%) Computer Science
6 15 (2.68%) RIA
7 12 (2.15%) NHS
8 11 (1.97%) Virtual Team
9 10 (1.79%) Graphic Design
10 9 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.43%) Data Structures
11 8 (1.43%) Management Information System
12 7 (1.25%) MPEG
12 7 (1.25%) Streaming Video
13 5 (0.89%) Derivative
13 5 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (0.89%) Equity Derivative
13 5 (0.89%) Online Banking
14 4 (0.72%) Minimum Viable Product
14 4 (0.72%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 33 (5.90%) Apple iOS
2 28 (5.01%) Linux
3 27 (4.83%) Android
4 22 (3.94%) Windows
5 12 (2.15%) Unix
6 7 (1.25%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.72%) CentOS
7 4 (0.72%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.72%) webOS
7 4 (0.72%) Windows Phone
7 4 (0.72%) Windows Phone 7
8 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.36%) Windows 8
9 2 (0.36%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.18%) Debian
10 1 (0.18%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (47.58%) Agile Software Development
2 181 (32.38%) TDD
3 151 (27.01%) Front End Development
4 121 (21.65%) MVC
5 107 (19.14%) Scrum
6 95 (16.99%) Web Development
7 93 (16.64%) OO
8 77 (13.77%) BDD
9 68 (12.16%) Continuous Integration
10 53 (9.48%) Responsive Web Design
11 46 (8.23%) Pair Programming
11 46 (8.23%) Unit Testing
12 42 (7.51%) Software Engineering
13 41 (7.33%) Kanban
14 38 (6.80%) SOA
15 37 (6.62%) Open Source
15 37 (6.62%) SOLID
16 35 (6.26%) Automated Testing
16 35 (6.26%) OOP
17 34 (6.08%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 465 (83.18%) JavaScript
2 124 (22.18%) Java
3 91 (16.28%) C#
4 76 (13.60%) SQL
5 64 (11.45%) PHP
6 37 (6.62%) ES6
7 33 (5.90%) Python
8 22 (3.94%) Scala
9 19 (3.40%) T-SQL
10 18 (3.22%) Ruby
11 16 (2.86%) TypeScript
12 11 (1.97%) Groovy
12 11 (1.97%) PowerShell
13 8 (1.43%) Apple Swift
13 8 (1.43%) PL/SQL
14 7 (1.25%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.25%) Go
14 7 (1.25%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.72%) C++
15 4 (0.72%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 25 (4.47%) Degree
2 13 (2.33%) Security Cleared
3 10 (1.79%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.36%) CCIE
4 2 (0.36%) CCNP
4 2 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (0.36%) DV Cleared
4 2 (0.36%) OCPJP
5 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (5.90%) QA
2 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.18%) WAI
System Software
1 11 (1.97%) Docker
2 4 (0.72%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 6 (1.07%) Puppet
2 3 (0.54%) Ansible
2 3 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.18%) Capistrano
3 1 (0.18%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 28 (5.01%) Microsoft
2 21 (3.76%) Adobe
3 20 (3.58%) Oracle
4 15 (2.68%) New Relic
5 9 (1.61%) SAP
6 7 (1.25%) Brightcove
6 7 (1.25%) Zend
7 6 (1.07%) hybris
7 6 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
8 5 (0.89%) Google
8 5 (0.89%) Twitter
9 4 (0.72%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.72%) Tableau
9 4 (0.72%) Xamarin
10 3 (0.54%) Perforce
10 3 (0.54%) Sitecore
11 2 (0.36%) Atlassian
11 2 (0.36%) Canoo
11 2 (0.36%) F5
11 2 (0.36%) OpenText
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £375 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Prospectus IT Recruitment
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
JM
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
City, London
Lennon Wright
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Rate: £300.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Hatstand Limited
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £250 - £275 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Red10
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Salt
Rate: £400.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City of London
Arrows Group Ltd
Rate: £450 - £550 per day + negotiable
Posted: 7 days ago
City of London
Arrows Group Ltd
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 7 days ago
City, London
Salt
Rate: £450.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Hatstand Limited
Rate: £350 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Rate: £350.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Hatstand Limited
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
City, London
Square One Resources
Rate: £200 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Rate: £350.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £500 - £600 Per Day
Posted: 27 days ago