The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 4 December 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
4 Dec 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 14 23 23
Rank change year-on-year
+9 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 313 241 390
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 9.85% 6.95% 6.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.48% 21.75% 22.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 267 214 311
Median daily rate £425 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+1.19% +5.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £336 £293 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 2
Median hourly rate - £26.32 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +34.97%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £28.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+16.07% -15.15%
CSS
London

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1182 1108 1725
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 37.18% 31.95% 29.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1004 931 1375
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.55% +5.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £325 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £602 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 5 5
Median hourly rate - £26.32 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -12.26%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the City of London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 4 December 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 December 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 602 (94.21%) HTML
2 527 (82.47%) JavaScript
3 345 (53.99%) Agile Software Development
4 334 (52.27%) HTML5
5 290 (45.38%) AngularJS
6 275 (43.04%) CSS3
7 225 (35.21%) TDD
8 191 (29.89%) jQuery
9 185 (28.95%) Front End Development
10 155 (24.26%) Finance
11 152 (23.79%) Java
12 143 (22.38%) React
13 138 (21.60%) MVC
14 135 (21.13%) Node.js
15 126 (19.72%) Scrum
16 123 (19.25%) Web Development
17 119 (18.62%) Git (software)
18 116 (18.15%) User Experience
19 114 (17.84%) .NET
20 109 (17.06%) OO
21 107 (16.74%) C#
22 101 (15.81%) Sass
23 95 (14.87%) BDD
24 90 (14.08%) Banking
25 89 (13.93%) REST
25 89 (13.93%) Ajax
26 87 (13.62%) RESTful
27 83 (12.99%) Web Services
28 81 (12.68%) SQL
28 81 (12.68%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (5.63%) CMS
2 26 (4.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 14 (2.19%) Apache
4 12 (1.88%) Drupal
5 10 (1.56%) SharePoint
5 10 (1.56%) WordPress
6 8 (1.25%) Confluence
7 7 (1.10%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.10%) SharePoint 2013
8 6 (0.94%) JBoss
8 6 (0.94%) nginx
9 5 (0.78%) Umbraco
9 5 (0.78%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.63%) Apache Solr
10 4 (0.63%) SharePoint 2010
11 3 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.47%) Mule
11 3 (0.47%) OpenStack
12 2 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.31%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 22 (3.44%) Photoshop
2 15 (2.35%) MS Excel
3 13 (2.03%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.47%) Fireworks
5 2 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.16%) InDesign
6 1 (0.16%) InVision
6 1 (0.16%) MS Office
6 1 (0.16%) MS PowerPoint
6 1 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.16%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 16 (2.50%) Magento
2 6 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.31%) Shopify
4 1 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.16%) OpenCart
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 64 (10.02%) Amazon AWS
2 32 (5.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 13 (2.03%) SaaS
4 8 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
4 8 (1.25%) Google Cloud Platform
5 5 (0.78%) GitHub
5 5 (0.78%) Google Compute Engine
6 3 (0.47%) IaaS
6 3 (0.47%) Office 365
6 3 (0.47%) PaaS
7 2 (0.31%) Google Analytics
8 1 (0.16%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.16%) Google App Engine
8 1 (0.16%) MailChimp
8 1 (0.16%) Responsys
Communications & Networking
1 27 (4.23%) HTTP
2 25 (3.91%) Internet
3 9 (1.41%) SSL
4 8 (1.25%) Network Security
5 6 (0.94%) DNS
6 5 (0.78%) LDAP
7 4 (0.63%) SNMP
8 2 (0.31%) BIG-IP
8 2 (0.31%) Cisco IOS
8 2 (0.31%) Firewall
8 2 (0.31%) Intranet
8 2 (0.31%) LAN
8 2 (0.31%) Multicast
8 2 (0.31%) RTP
8 2 (0.31%) RTSP
8 2 (0.31%) WAN
8 2 (0.31%) Wireless
9 1 (0.16%) FTP
9 1 (0.16%) IP Telephony
9 1 (0.16%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (9.70%) MongoDB
1 62 (9.70%) MySQL
2 55 (8.61%) NoSQL
3 52 (8.14%) SQL Server
4 29 (4.54%) Apache Cassandra
5 27 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
5 27 (4.23%) Relational Database
6 18 (2.82%) Big Data
7 14 (2.19%) RDBMS
8 9 (1.41%) Couchbase
9 6 (0.94%) HBase
10 5 (0.78%) DB2
10 5 (0.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 4 (0.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 4 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
12 3 (0.47%) Hadoop
12 3 (0.47%) SQL Server 2012
12 3 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 2 (0.31%) Redis
13 2 (0.31%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 119 (18.62%) Git (software)
2 53 (8.29%) gulp
3 45 (7.04%) Grunt
4 38 (5.95%) Jenkins
5 33 (5.16%) Jasmine
6 30 (4.69%) Karma Test Runner
6 30 (4.69%) Selenium
7 29 (4.54%) Bower
8 27 (4.23%) webpack
9 25 (3.91%) Maven
10 23 (3.60%) Subversion
10 23 (3.60%) Visual Studio
11 21 (3.29%) JIRA
11 21 (3.29%) Mocha
12 18 (2.82%) Cucumber
12 18 (2.82%) Gradle
12 18 (2.82%) Team Foundation Server
13 17 (2.66%) IntelliJ
13 17 (2.66%) Protractor
14 12 (1.88%) WebDriver
General
1 155 (24.26%) Finance
2 90 (14.08%) Banking
3 50 (7.82%) Marketing
4 29 (4.54%) Retail
5 28 (4.38%) Investment Banking
6 18 (2.82%) Advertising
7 16 (2.50%) Financial Institution
8 15 (2.35%) Games
9 9 (1.41%) Telecoms
10 7 (1.10%) Front Office
11 6 (0.94%) Publishing
12 4 (0.63%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.47%) Back Office
13 3 (0.47%) Law
14 2 (0.31%) Electronics
14 2 (0.31%) Interactive Media
14 2 (0.31%) Legal
14 2 (0.31%) Manufacturing
15 1 (0.16%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.16%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 545 (85.29%) Developer
2 147 (23.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 121 (18.94%) JavaScript Developer
4 102 (15.96%) Senior Developer
5 74 (11.58%) Java Developer
6 69 (10.80%) HTML Developer
7 62 (9.70%) Web Developer
8 51 (7.98%) Angular Developer
8 51 (7.98%) Full Stack Developer
9 35 (5.48%) .NET Developer
9 35 (5.48%) HTML CSS Developer
10 30 (4.69%) C# Developer
10 30 (4.69%) Senior Java Developer
10 30 (4.69%) UI Developer
11 29 (4.54%) Applications Developer
12 28 (4.38%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 28 (4.38%) Senior Web Developer
13 27 (4.23%) Lead Developer
13 27 (4.23%) Web Applications Developer
14 26 (4.07%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 602 (94.21%) HTML
2 334 (52.27%) HTML5
3 290 (45.38%) AngularJS
4 275 (43.04%) CSS3
5 191 (29.89%) jQuery
6 143 (22.38%) React
7 135 (21.13%) Node.js
8 114 (17.84%) .NET
9 101 (15.81%) Sass
10 89 (13.93%) Ajax
10 89 (13.93%) REST
11 87 (13.62%) RESTful
12 83 (12.99%) Web Services
13 81 (12.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 72 (11.27%) JSON
15 67 (10.49%) LESS
16 61 (9.55%) ASP.NET
17 54 (8.45%) XML
18 51 (7.98%) Backbone.js
19 43 (6.73%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 116 (18.15%) User Experience
2 32 (5.01%) Computer Science
3 29 (4.54%) Analytical Skills
4 26 (4.07%) Mobile App
5 17 (2.66%) NHS
5 17 (2.66%) Visualisation
6 16 (2.50%) Virtual Team
7 13 (2.03%) Fintech
7 13 (2.03%) Management Information System
8 12 (1.88%) RIA
9 10 (1.56%) Semantic Web
10 9 (1.41%) Mathematics
11 8 (1.25%) Digital Media
11 8 (1.25%) Equities
11 8 (1.25%) Fixed Income
11 8 (1.25%) Graphic Design
12 5 (0.78%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (0.78%) Hedge funds
13 4 (0.63%) Derivative
13 4 (0.63%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 35 (5.48%) Apple iOS
2 31 (4.85%) Android
3 29 (4.54%) Linux
4 20 (3.13%) Windows
5 10 (1.56%) Unix
6 4 (0.63%) webOS
6 4 (0.63%) Windows 8
6 4 (0.63%) Windows Mobile
6 4 (0.63%) Windows Phone
6 4 (0.63%) Windows Phone 7
6 4 (0.63%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
7 3 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.16%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 345 (53.99%) Agile Software Development
2 225 (35.21%) TDD
3 185 (28.95%) Front End Development
4 138 (21.60%) MVC
5 126 (19.72%) Scrum
6 123 (19.25%) Web Development
7 109 (17.06%) OO
8 95 (14.87%) BDD
9 78 (12.21%) Continuous Integration
10 73 (11.42%) Responsive Web Design
11 56 (8.76%) OOP
12 54 (8.45%) E-Commerce
12 54 (8.45%) Open Source
13 52 (8.14%) Pair Programming
14 49 (7.67%) Software Engineering
15 46 (7.20%) Automated Testing
15 46 (7.20%) Kanban
16 40 (6.26%) Mentoring
17 38 (5.95%) SOA
17 38 (5.95%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 527 (82.47%) JavaScript
2 152 (23.79%) Java
3 107 (16.74%) C#
4 81 (12.68%) SQL
5 73 (11.42%) PHP
6 41 (6.42%) Scala
7 36 (5.63%) ES6
7 36 (5.63%) Python
8 34 (5.32%) Ruby
9 16 (2.50%) T-SQL
10 12 (1.88%) Groovy
10 12 (1.88%) Perl
11 11 (1.72%) Clojure
12 9 (1.41%) TypeScript
13 8 (1.25%) Apex Code
13 8 (1.25%) Jython
13 8 (1.25%) Objective-C
14 7 (1.10%) Apple Swift
14 7 (1.10%) Shell Script
14 7 (1.10%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 32 (5.01%) Degree
2 8 (1.25%) Security Cleared
3 5 (0.78%) PMI Certification
3 5 (0.78%) PMP
3 5 (0.78%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.31%) CCIE
4 2 (0.31%) CCNP
4 2 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (0.31%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (4.69%) QA
2 2 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
2 2 (0.31%) FATCA
3 1 (0.16%) SLA
3 1 (0.16%) WAI
System Software
1 17 (2.66%) Docker
2 14 (2.19%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 16 (2.50%) Puppet
2 13 (2.03%) Ansible
3 6 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.16%) Capistrano
4 1 (0.16%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.16%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 29 (4.54%) Microsoft
2 21 (3.29%) Adobe
3 17 (2.66%) Oracle
4 16 (2.50%) New Relic
5 11 (1.72%) Google
5 11 (1.72%) Zend
6 10 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (0.78%) SAP
8 4 (0.63%) ATG
8 4 (0.63%) Canoo
8 4 (0.63%) Demandware
8 4 (0.63%) Sitecore
8 4 (0.63%) Solace
8 4 (0.63%) Tableau
8 4 (0.63%) Xamarin
9 3 (0.47%) Apple
9 3 (0.47%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.47%) hybris
9 3 (0.47%) IBM
9 3 (0.47%) Intershop
City, London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450-£600
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Ventula Consulting
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550 / Day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £440 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Software Personnel International Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £50000 - £65000 Per Annum benefits
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £425 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £300 - £325 per day + negotiable
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £500 - £900 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
ComputAppoint
Rate: £350 - £495 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £360 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £600 per day + negotiable
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: Remote working
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: From £350 to £440 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Wenham Carter Ltd
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates, 7 months contract
Posted: 6 days ago