The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 5 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
5 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 20 24 19
Rank change year-on-year
+4 -5
Contract jobs citing CSS 280 342 435
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 8.12% 6.24% 6.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.84% 20.93% 23.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 239 255 318
Median daily rate £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £266 £294
10% offered a daily rate of more than £555 £520 £539
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
Median hourly rate - £17.32 £190.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -90.88%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.25 £35.75 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-26.57% +11.71%
CSS
London

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1127 1634 1869
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 32.70% 29.82% 29.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 958 1288 1423
Median daily rate £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+11.76% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £320 £313
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 9 3
Median hourly rate £22.00 £19.72 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+11.59% -51.91%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.52 £15.64 £37.30
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £34.94 £73.00 £190.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-6.66% +7.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the City of London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 5 May 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 5 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 455 (93.43%) HTML
2 422 (86.65%) JavaScript
3 261 (53.59%) HTML5
4 215 (44.15%) Agile Software Development
5 212 (43.53%) AngularJS
6 207 (42.51%) CSS3
7 165 (33.88%) Front End Development
8 163 (33.47%) jQuery
9 136 (27.93%) TDD
10 129 (26.49%) Java
11 111 (22.79%) Node.js
12 104 (21.36%) .NET
13 96 (19.71%) Finance
14 95 (19.51%) Sass
15 92 (18.89%) Web Development
15 92 (18.89%) MVC
15 92 (18.89%) Scrum
16 84 (17.25%) C#
17 81 (16.63%) Git (software)
17 81 (16.63%) React
18 76 (15.61%) OO
19 74 (15.20%) BDD
20 72 (14.78%) SQL
20 72 (14.78%) User Experience
21 69 (14.17%) Backbone.js
22 67 (13.76%) Spring
23 66 (13.55%) PHP
24 61 (12.53%) MySQL
24 61 (12.53%) XML
25 59 (12.11%) ASP.NET

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (22.79%) Node.js
2 48 (9.86%) CMS
3 18 (3.70%) Tomcat
4 16 (3.29%) Umbraco
5 14 (2.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 14 (2.87%) Drupal
5 14 (2.87%) WordPress
6 12 (2.46%) Jetty
6 12 (2.46%) nginx
7 9 (1.85%) IIS
8 8 (1.64%) SharePoint
9 6 (1.23%) Apache
10 5 (1.03%) Mule
10 5 (1.03%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.82%) EPiServer CMS
12 3 (0.62%) Apache Spark
12 3 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
12 3 (0.62%) SharePoint 2010
12 3 (0.62%) SharePoint 2013
12 3 (0.62%) WebSphere
Applications
1 18 (3.70%) Photoshop
2 13 (2.67%) MS Excel
3 7 (1.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (1.44%) MS Office
4 4 (0.82%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.82%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.41%) OmniGraffle
5 2 (0.41%) SPSS
6 1 (0.21%) GIMP
6 1 (0.21%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (1.03%) Eloqua
2 4 (0.82%) Magento
2 4 (0.82%) Unica
3 3 (0.62%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.21%) BigMachines
4 1 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 19 (3.90%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (3.08%) AWS CloudFormation
3 9 (1.85%) GitHub
4 6 (1.23%) Microsoft Azure
5 2 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
5 2 (0.41%) Office 365
5 2 (0.41%) SaaS
6 1 (0.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 1 (0.21%) Amazon ELB
6 1 (0.21%) Bluemix
6 1 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.21%) Force.com
6 1 (0.21%) IaaS
6 1 (0.21%) PaaS
6 1 (0.21%) Sage Pay
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.08%) HTTP
2 7 (1.44%) Network Security
3 4 (0.82%) HTTPS
3 4 (0.82%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.21%) Bluetooth
4 1 (0.21%) Internet
4 1 (0.21%) LDAP
4 1 (0.21%) Remote Desktop
4 1 (0.21%) Skype
4 1 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
4 1 (0.21%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (12.53%) MySQL
2 53 (10.88%) SQL Server
3 39 (8.01%) NoSQL
4 32 (6.57%) MongoDB
5 14 (2.87%) Relational Database
6 12 (2.46%) Apache Hive
7 10 (2.05%) Neo4j
8 9 (1.85%) Impala
9 8 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (1.64%) Big Data
9 8 (1.64%) PostgreSQL
9 8 (1.64%) SQL Server 2008
10 7 (1.44%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (1.03%) Data Warehouse
11 5 (1.03%) QlikView
11 5 (1.03%) RDBMS
12 4 (0.82%) Redis
13 3 (0.62%) BusinessObjects
13 3 (0.62%) Hadoop
13 3 (0.62%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 81 (16.63%) Git (software)
2 36 (7.39%) gulp
3 30 (6.16%) Grunt
4 27 (5.54%) Jasmine
5 24 (4.93%) Jenkins
6 23 (4.72%) JIRA
6 23 (4.72%) JUnit
6 23 (4.72%) Selenium
7 19 (3.90%) Cucumber
8 17 (3.49%) Team Foundation Server
9 16 (3.29%) Subversion
10 14 (2.87%) Karma Test Runner
11 13 (2.67%) Maven
11 13 (2.67%) Mocha
11 13 (2.67%) WebDriver
12 12 (2.46%) TeamCity
13 10 (2.05%) NUnit
14 9 (1.85%) Protractor
15 8 (1.64%) NCrunch
15 8 (1.64%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 96 (19.71%) Finance
2 41 (8.42%) Banking
3 24 (4.93%) Marketing
4 13 (2.67%) Games
5 12 (2.46%) Publishing
6 10 (2.05%) Investment Banking
7 7 (1.44%) Legal
8 6 (1.23%) Telecoms
9 5 (1.03%) Advertising
9 5 (1.03%) Electronics
10 4 (0.82%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.62%) Arabic Language
11 3 (0.62%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.62%) Retail
12 2 (0.41%) Front Office
12 2 (0.41%) Interactive Media
12 2 (0.41%) Law
12 2 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.21%) Japanese Language
13 1 (0.21%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 429 (88.09%) Developer
2 144 (29.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 115 (23.61%) JavaScript Developer
4 96 (19.71%) Senior Developer
5 66 (13.55%) Java Developer
6 48 (9.86%) .NET Developer
6 48 (9.86%) Full Stack Developer
7 40 (8.21%) Angular Developer
7 40 (8.21%) HTML Developer
8 33 (6.78%) Senior Java Developer
9 29 (5.95%) HTML CSS Developer
10 28 (5.75%) Designer
10 28 (5.75%) Web Developer
11 26 (5.34%) C# Developer
12 24 (4.93%) ASP.NET Developer
13 23 (4.72%) C# .NET Developer
14 22 (4.52%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
15 21 (4.31%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 20 (4.11%) Senior JavaScript Developer
17 19 (3.90%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 455 (93.43%) HTML
2 261 (53.59%) HTML5
3 212 (43.53%) AngularJS
4 207 (42.51%) CSS3
5 163 (33.47%) jQuery
6 104 (21.36%) .NET
7 95 (19.51%) Sass
8 81 (16.63%) React
9 69 (14.17%) Backbone.js
10 67 (13.76%) Spring
11 61 (12.53%) XML
12 59 (12.11%) ASP.NET
13 56 (11.50%) JSON
14 52 (10.68%) RESTful
15 47 (9.65%) REST
16 43 (8.83%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 43 (8.83%) Web Services
17 42 (8.62%) Ajax
18 39 (8.01%) LESS
19 33 (6.78%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 72 (14.78%) User Experience
2 19 (3.90%) Computer Science
3 13 (2.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 13 (2.67%) Mobile App
4 11 (2.26%) Fintech
5 10 (2.05%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (1.85%) Visualisation
7 8 (1.64%) Digital Media
8 7 (1.44%) Equities
8 7 (1.44%) NHS
8 7 (1.44%) W3C
9 6 (1.23%) Derivative
9 6 (1.23%) Management Information System
10 5 (1.03%) Fixed Income
10 5 (1.03%) Hedge funds
11 4 (0.82%) New Media
12 3 (0.62%) Inversion of Control
12 3 (0.62%) Mathematics
13 2 (0.41%) Physics
13 2 (0.41%) STB
Operating Systems
1 29 (5.95%) Linux
2 19 (3.90%) Windows
3 14 (2.87%) Unix
4 9 (1.85%) Windows Server
5 8 (1.64%) Android
5 8 (1.64%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.82%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.62%) Windows Server 2012
8 2 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.41%) Windows Phone
9 1 (0.21%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (44.15%) Agile Software Development
2 165 (33.88%) Front End Development
3 136 (27.93%) TDD
4 92 (18.89%) MVC
4 92 (18.89%) Scrum
4 92 (18.89%) Web Development
5 76 (15.61%) OO
6 74 (15.20%) BDD
7 52 (10.68%) Continuous Integration
8 49 (10.06%) Pair Programming
9 48 (9.86%) Responsive Web Design
10 40 (8.21%) E-Commerce
10 40 (8.21%) Kanban
11 38 (7.80%) Automated Testing
12 27 (5.54%) OOP
13 22 (4.52%) Software Engineering
14 20 (4.11%) Mentoring
15 19 (3.90%) Unit Testing
16 17 (3.49%) Content Management
16 17 (3.49%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 422 (86.65%) JavaScript
2 129 (26.49%) Java
3 84 (17.25%) C#
4 72 (14.78%) SQL
5 66 (13.55%) PHP
6 27 (5.54%) Python
7 21 (4.31%) Ruby
8 17 (3.49%) T-SQL
9 14 (2.87%) Scala
10 11 (2.26%) PL/SQL
10 11 (2.26%) Shell Script
11 10 (2.05%) TypeScript
12 7 (1.44%) ES6
13 6 (1.23%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.23%) PowerShell
14 5 (1.03%) Apex Code
14 5 (1.03%) ECMAScript
14 5 (1.03%) Groovy
15 4 (0.82%) SOQL
15 4 (0.82%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 31 (6.37%) Degree
2 6 (1.23%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
4 2 (0.41%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.21%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.21%) HND
5 1 (0.21%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.21%) PMP
5 1 (0.21%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.08%) QA
2 4 (0.82%) WCAG
3 2 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.21%) WAI
System Software
1 3 (0.62%) Docker
2 1 (0.21%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 3 (0.62%) Puppet
2 1 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 27 (5.54%) Oracle
2 22 (4.52%) Adobe
3 21 (4.31%) Microsoft
4 9 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
5 6 (1.23%) SAP
5 6 (1.23%) Zend
6 5 (1.03%) EPiServer
6 5 (1.03%) RedDot
6 5 (1.03%) Telerik
7 4 (0.82%) hybris
7 4 (0.82%) IBM
7 4 (0.82%) New Relic
7 4 (0.82%) ServiceNow
7 4 (0.82%) Twitter
8 2 (0.41%) ATG
8 2 (0.41%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.41%) Google
8 2 (0.41%) Red Hat
8 2 (0.41%) Sitecore
9 1 (0.21%) DevExpress
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: to £500 day
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £250 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £420 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £300 to £350 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Ampersand Consulting
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Robert Half
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £575 per day + negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £600 - £625 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £525 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
MPower+
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Streamline Connections Ltd
Rate: £475 - £525 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per annum
Posted: 7 days ago
City Of London
HFG
Rate: £200 - £350 per day
Posted: 9 days ago
City of London
iKas International
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 10 days ago