The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the City of London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 26 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 11 27 21
Rank change year-on-year
+16 -6
Contract jobs citing CSS 346 358 424
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 10.41% 6.16% 7.10%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.93% 20.71% 23.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 298 283 315
Median daily rate £425 £375 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £307 £250 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £521 £543
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
Median hourly rate - £19.93 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +24.57%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.75 £35.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-15.00% +9.37%
CSS
London

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the City of London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
City of London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
1156 1729 1782
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the City of London 34.78% 29.77% 29.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 995 1394 1361
Median daily rate £450 £425 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% -2.85%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £320 £310
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 11 3
Median hourly rate £20.00 £24.23 £23.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-17.45% +0.98%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-10.62% +14.28%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the City of London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the City of London region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the City of London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 563 (94.94%) HTML
2 514 (86.68%) JavaScript
3 324 (54.64%) HTML5
4 266 (44.86%) CSS3
4 266 (44.86%) Agile Software Development
5 261 (44.01%) AngularJS
6 205 (34.57%) Front End Development
7 175 (29.51%) jQuery
8 163 (27.49%) Java
9 160 (26.98%) TDD
10 154 (25.97%) Node.js
11 123 (20.74%) Web Development
11 123 (20.74%) Finance
12 115 (19.39%) Scrum
13 113 (19.06%) Sass
14 110 (18.55%) OO
15 109 (18.38%) .NET
16 106 (17.88%) React
17 105 (17.71%) MVC
18 102 (17.20%) Git (software)
19 90 (15.18%) C#
20 89 (15.01%) User Experience
21 87 (14.67%) BDD
21 87 (14.67%) REST
22 86 (14.50%) SQL
23 82 (13.83%) Backbone.js
24 77 (12.98%) Spring
25 73 (12.31%) Responsive Web Design
26 71 (11.97%) Ajax
26 71 (11.97%) XML

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (8.94%) CMS
2 19 (3.20%) WordPress
3 17 (2.87%) Tomcat
4 15 (2.53%) Drupal
4 15 (2.53%) nginx
4 15 (2.53%) Umbraco
5 13 (2.19%) SharePoint
6 11 (1.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 11 (1.85%) Jetty
7 8 (1.35%) Apache
7 8 (1.35%) Mule
8 7 (1.18%) IIS
8 7 (1.18%) SharePoint 2013
9 5 (0.84%) SharePoint 2010
9 5 (0.84%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.51%) EPiServer CMS
11 3 (0.51%) Kentico
11 3 (0.51%) WebSphere
Applications
1 16 (2.70%) Photoshop
2 15 (2.53%) MS Excel
3 7 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (0.84%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.84%) MS Office
5 4 (0.67%) OmniGraffle
6 2 (0.34%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.34%) SPSS
7 1 (0.17%) GIMP
7 1 (0.17%) InDesign
7 1 (0.17%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.84%) Eloqua
2 4 (0.67%) Magento
2 4 (0.67%) Unica
3 2 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.17%) BigMachines
4 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.17%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 35 (5.90%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (2.53%) GitHub
3 12 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
3 12 (2.02%) Microsoft Azure
4 9 (1.52%) SaaS
5 3 (0.51%) Amazon EC2
5 3 (0.51%) Office 365
6 2 (0.34%) Bluemix
6 2 (0.34%) Google Analytics
7 1 (0.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.17%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (0.17%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.17%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.17%) Force.com
7 1 (0.17%) IaaS
7 1 (0.17%) PaaS
7 1 (0.17%) Route 53
7 1 (0.17%) Sage Pay
Communications & Networking
1 23 (3.88%) HTTP
2 12 (2.02%) Network Security
3 7 (1.18%) Internet
3 7 (1.18%) LDAP
4 5 (0.84%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.51%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.51%) SNMP
6 1 (0.17%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.17%) Remote Desktop
6 1 (0.17%) SSL
6 1 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.17%) X.509
6 1 (0.17%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (11.80%) MySQL
2 51 (8.60%) NoSQL
3 48 (8.09%) MongoDB
4 44 (7.42%) SQL Server
5 25 (4.22%) Relational Database
6 17 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
7 12 (2.02%) Big Data
7 12 (2.02%) RDBMS
8 11 (1.85%) Apache Hive
8 11 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
9 9 (1.52%) Impala
9 9 (1.52%) Neo4j
10 7 (1.18%) SQL Server 2008
10 7 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (0.67%) DB2
12 4 (0.67%) QlikView
12 4 (0.67%) Redis
13 3 (0.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 2 (0.34%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 102 (17.20%) Git (software)
2 61 (10.29%) gulp
3 54 (9.11%) Grunt
4 28 (4.72%) JIRA
5 26 (4.38%) JUnit
6 25 (4.22%) Jenkins
7 21 (3.54%) Selenium
8 19 (3.20%) Bower
8 19 (3.20%) Jasmine
9 18 (3.04%) Cucumber
9 18 (3.04%) Subversion
10 16 (2.70%) Maven
10 16 (2.70%) Mocha
11 15 (2.53%) Karma Test Runner
12 13 (2.19%) Visual Studio
13 10 (1.69%) IntelliJ
13 10 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
13 10 (1.69%) WebDriver
14 8 (1.35%) RSpec
15 7 (1.18%) Mockito
General
1 123 (20.74%) Finance
2 60 (10.12%) Banking
3 36 (6.07%) Games
4 31 (5.23%) Marketing
5 30 (5.06%) Advertising
6 16 (2.70%) Investment Banking
7 10 (1.69%) Publishing
8 9 (1.52%) Financial Institution
9 7 (1.18%) Retail
10 6 (1.01%) Legal
11 5 (0.84%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.67%) Law
13 3 (0.51%) Arabic Language
13 3 (0.51%) Interactive Media
13 3 (0.51%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.34%) Electronics
14 2 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.17%) Front Office
15 1 (0.17%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 518 (87.35%) Developer
2 156 (26.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 129 (21.75%) JavaScript Developer
4 108 (18.21%) Senior Developer
5 81 (13.66%) Java Developer
6 57 (9.61%) Full Stack Developer
7 55 (9.27%) HTML Developer
8 48 (8.09%) Angular Developer
9 46 (7.76%) Web Developer
10 44 (7.42%) .NET Developer
10 44 (7.42%) Senior Java Developer
11 40 (6.75%) HTML CSS Developer
12 26 (4.38%) C# Developer
13 25 (4.22%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 23 (3.88%) Node.js Developer
15 22 (3.71%) C# .NET Developer
15 22 (3.71%) PHP Developer
16 21 (3.54%) Agile Developer
17 20 (3.37%) ASP.NET Developer
17 20 (3.37%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 563 (94.94%) HTML
2 324 (54.64%) HTML5
3 266 (44.86%) CSS3
4 261 (44.01%) AngularJS
5 175 (29.51%) jQuery
6 154 (25.97%) Node.js
7 113 (19.06%) Sass
8 109 (18.38%) .NET
9 106 (17.88%) React
10 87 (14.67%) REST
11 82 (13.83%) Backbone.js
12 77 (12.98%) Spring
13 71 (11.97%) Ajax
13 71 (11.97%) JSON
13 71 (11.97%) XML
14 60 (10.12%) Web Services
15 58 (9.78%) ASP.NET
16 56 (9.44%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 53 (8.94%) LESS
18 49 (8.26%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 89 (15.01%) User Experience
2 19 (3.20%) Computer Science
3 18 (3.04%) Mobile App
4 15 (2.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 13 (2.19%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (2.19%) Digital Media
5 13 (2.19%) Fintech
6 12 (2.02%) Management Information System
7 10 (1.69%) Hedge funds
7 10 (1.69%) Visualisation
8 9 (1.52%) NHS
9 8 (1.35%) W3C
10 7 (1.18%) Equities
11 6 (1.01%) Semantic Web
11 6 (1.01%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.84%) Derivative
12 5 (0.84%) Fixed Income
13 4 (0.67%) New Media
14 3 (0.51%) Blog
14 3 (0.51%) Inversion of Control
Operating Systems
1 36 (6.07%) Linux
2 23 (3.88%) Unix
3 18 (3.04%) Apple iOS
4 17 (2.87%) Windows
5 15 (2.53%) Android
6 9 (1.52%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.84%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.34%) Windows Phone
10 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (44.86%) Agile Software Development
2 205 (34.57%) Front End Development
3 160 (26.98%) TDD
4 123 (20.74%) Web Development
5 115 (19.39%) Scrum
6 110 (18.55%) OO
7 105 (17.71%) MVC
8 87 (14.67%) BDD
9 73 (12.31%) Responsive Web Design
10 58 (9.78%) Continuous Integration
10 58 (9.78%) OOP
11 50 (8.43%) E-Commerce
12 45 (7.59%) Kanban
13 43 (7.25%) Automated Testing
13 43 (7.25%) Pair Programming
14 33 (5.56%) Software Engineering
15 27 (4.55%) CRM
16 25 (4.22%) Mentoring
17 22 (3.71%) Configuration Management
18 21 (3.54%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 514 (86.68%) JavaScript
2 163 (27.49%) Java
3 90 (15.18%) C#
4 86 (14.50%) SQL
5 70 (11.80%) PHP
6 46 (7.76%) Ruby
7 32 (5.40%) Python
8 28 (4.72%) Scala
9 14 (2.36%) Shell Script
10 12 (2.02%) PL/SQL
11 11 (1.85%) T-SQL
12 10 (1.69%) Perl
13 9 (1.52%) Apex Code
13 9 (1.52%) ES6
13 9 (1.52%) TypeScript
14 8 (1.35%) Groovy
14 8 (1.35%) SOQL
15 5 (0.84%) Bash Shell
15 5 (0.84%) Jython
15 5 (0.84%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 30 (5.06%) Degree
2 8 (1.35%) PMI Certification
2 8 (1.35%) PMP
3 7 (1.18%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
4 3 (0.51%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.17%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.17%) HND
5 1 (0.17%) IBM Certification
5 1 (0.17%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.37%) QA
2 3 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
2 3 (0.51%) WCAG
3 2 (0.34%) FATCA
4 1 (0.17%) WAI
System Software
1 7 (1.18%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.34%) Docker
Systems Management
1 9 (1.52%) Puppet
2 3 (0.51%) Ansible
2 3 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.17%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 28 (4.72%) Oracle
2 26 (4.38%) Microsoft
3 19 (3.20%) Adobe
4 14 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
5 13 (2.19%) ServiceNow
6 9 (1.52%) Zend
7 7 (1.18%) New Relic
8 4 (0.67%) EPiServer
8 4 (0.67%) IBM
8 4 (0.67%) RedDot
8 4 (0.67%) Telerik
8 4 (0.67%) Twitter
9 3 (0.51%) Apple
9 3 (0.51%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.51%) Canoo
9 3 (0.51%) Google
9 3 (0.51%) hybris
10 2 (0.34%) ATG
10 2 (0.34%) Red Hat
10 2 (0.34%) SAP
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