Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 202 183 236
Rank change year-on-year -19 +53 +33
Contract jobs citing LESS 50 67 27
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.70% 1.01% 0.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.84% 2.81% 0.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 42 58 22
City of London median daily rate £475 £425 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% -4.49% +5.01%
10th Percentile £332 £319 £314
90th Percentile £623 £588 £638
Central London median daily rate £475 £425 £463
% change year-on-year +11.76% -8.11% +11.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2712 2386 2817
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 37.92% 35.86% 31.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 2275 2018 2325
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £465
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +9.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 14
City of London median hourly rate £22.99 £35.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.31% -9.68% +29.17%
10th Percentile £20.28 £19.00 £12.40
90th Percentile £33.75 £56.31 £66.25
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £35.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -38.57% -9.68% +29.17%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 1 - -
LESS
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 48 (96.00%) JavaScript
2 47 (94.00%) CSS
2 47 (94.00%) Sass
3 38 (76.00%) HTML
4 34 (68.00%) HTML5
5 30 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
5 30 (60.00%) React
6 25 (50.00%) CSS3
7 23 (46.00%) TDD
7 23 (46.00%) User Experience
8 22 (44.00%) gulp
8 22 (44.00%) Front End Development
9 20 (40.00%) AngularJS
10 19 (38.00%) Node.js
11 18 (36.00%) Git (software)
12 17 (34.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 15 (30.00%) Jasmine
14 13 (26.00%) Amazon AWS
15 12 (24.00%) webpack
16 11 (22.00%) ES6
16 11 (22.00%) Grunt
16 11 (22.00%) Mocha
16 11 (22.00%) Microsoft Azure
17 10 (20.00%) Scrum
17 10 (20.00%) Web Services
17 10 (20.00%) OO
18 9 (18.00%) Cucumber
18 9 (18.00%) Web Development
18 9 (18.00%) jQuery
18 9 (18.00%) Redux

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (6.00%) WordPress
2 2 (4.00%) CMS
2 2 (4.00%) Confluence
2 2 (4.00%) EPiServer
2 2 (4.00%) Sitecore CMS
3 1 (2.00%) Drupal
3 1 (2.00%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (2.00%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (2.00%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (4.00%) Eloqua
2 1 (2.00%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 13 (26.00%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (22.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (14.00%) npm
4 2 (4.00%) Serverless
5 1 (2.00%) Office 365
5 1 (2.00%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 2 (4.00%) Ethernet
1 2 (4.00%) Unified Communications
1 2 (4.00%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (10.00%) MongoDB
1 5 (10.00%) NoSQL
2 2 (4.00%) Couchbase
3 1 (2.00%) MySQL
3 1 (2.00%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 22 (44.00%) gulp
2 18 (36.00%) Git (software)
3 15 (30.00%) Jasmine
4 12 (24.00%) webpack
5 11 (22.00%) Grunt
5 11 (22.00%) Mocha
6 9 (18.00%) Cucumber
7 8 (16.00%) Karma Test Runner
8 7 (14.00%) PhantomJS
9 6 (12.00%) Bower
9 6 (12.00%) Selenium
10 5 (10.00%) Jenkins
11 4 (8.00%) TeamCity
11 4 (8.00%) WebDriver
12 3 (6.00%) Bitbucket
12 3 (6.00%) Protractor
13 2 (4.00%) Babel
13 2 (4.00%) Sinon.JS
13 2 (4.00%) Subversion
13 2 (4.00%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 5 (10.00%) Marketing
2 4 (8.00%) Finance
3 2 (4.00%) Advertising
3 2 (4.00%) Banking
3 2 (4.00%) Telecoms
4 1 (2.00%) Front Office
4 1 (2.00%) Games
4 1 (2.00%) Law
Job Titles
1 47 (94.00%) Developer
2 19 (38.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 17 (34.00%) JavaScript Developer
4 7 (14.00%) Senior Developer
4 7 (14.00%) Senior JavaScript Developer
5 4 (8.00%) Analytics Developer
5 4 (8.00%) Full Stack Developer
5 4 (8.00%) Risk Analytics Developer
6 3 (6.00%) CSS Developer
6 3 (6.00%) HTML CSS Developer
6 3 (6.00%) HTML Developer
7 2 (4.00%) Analyst
7 2 (4.00%) Analyst Developer
7 2 (4.00%) Angular Developer
7 2 (4.00%) Lead Analyst Developer
7 2 (4.00%) Lead Developer
7 2 (4.00%) UI Developer
7 2 (4.00%) WordPress Developer
8 1 (2.00%) JavaScript Engineer
8 1 (2.00%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (94.00%) CSS
1 47 (94.00%) Sass
2 38 (76.00%) HTML
3 34 (68.00%) HTML5
4 30 (60.00%) React
5 25 (50.00%) CSS3
6 20 (40.00%) AngularJS
7 19 (38.00%) Node.js
8 17 (34.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 10 (20.00%) Web Services
10 9 (18.00%) jQuery
10 9 (18.00%) Redux
11 8 (16.00%) Jest
12 7 (14.00%) Backbone.js
12 7 (14.00%) RESTful
13 5 (10.00%) Vue (Vue.js)
14 4 (8.00%) .NET
15 3 (6.00%) Angular 2
15 3 (6.00%) Chai
15 3 (6.00%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 23 (46.00%) User Experience
2 6 (12.00%) Algorithms
2 6 (12.00%) Data Structures
2 6 (12.00%) Mobile App
3 4 (8.00%) Greenfield Project
4 3 (6.00%) Fintech
5 2 (4.00%) Cloud Native
5 2 (4.00%) Data Centre
5 2 (4.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 2 (4.00%) NHS
6 1 (2.00%) Derivative
6 1 (2.00%) Equity Derivative
6 1 (2.00%) Fixed Income
6 1 (2.00%) Video on Demand
6 1 (2.00%) Video\Live Streaming
6 1 (2.00%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 2 (4.00%) Android
1 2 (4.00%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (46.00%) TDD
3 22 (44.00%) Front End Development
4 10 (20.00%) OO
4 10 (20.00%) Scrum
5 9 (18.00%) Web Development
6 8 (16.00%) Build Automation
6 8 (16.00%) Continuous Deployment
6 8 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
6 8 (16.00%) E-Commerce
6 8 (16.00%) Responsive Web Design
7 7 (14.00%) Analytics
7 7 (14.00%) BDD
8 6 (12.00%) Prototyping
8 6 (12.00%) Rapid Prototyping
8 6 (12.00%) Validation
9 5 (10.00%) Kanban
9 5 (10.00%) MVC
9 5 (10.00%) Pair Programming
9 5 (10.00%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 48 (96.00%) JavaScript
2 11 (22.00%) ES6
3 4 (8.00%) PHP
3 4 (8.00%) SQL
4 3 (6.00%) C#
5 2 (4.00%) C
5 2 (4.00%) Java
5 2 (4.00%) TypeScript
6 1 (2.00%) Apple Swift
6 1 (2.00%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 3 (6.00%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.00%) QA
System Software
1 8 (16.00%) Docker
Systems Management
1 8 (16.00%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 3 (6.00%) Salesforce.com
2 2 (4.00%) Marketo
2 2 (4.00%) ServiceNow
2 2 (4.00%) Sitecore
3 1 (2.00%) Apple
3 1 (2.00%) Atlassian
3 1 (2.00%) Google
3 1 (2.00%) Microsoft