The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
London / City of London
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 150 134 198
Rank change year-on-year -16 +64  
Contract jobs citing LESS 15 35 14
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.46% 1.03% 0.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.20% 2.96% 0.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 11 31 8
Median daily rate £510 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +27.50% +14.28%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £375 £325 £257
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £500 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £400 £350
% change year-on-year -8.12% +14.28%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £17.86

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
City of London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 1251 1184 1730
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London 37.96% 34.78% 29.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 1018 1013 1407
Median daily rate £500 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.00% +4.65%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £360 £325 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £575 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 2 12
Median hourly rate £24.86 £31.79 £24.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.78% +31.18%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.50 £22.36 £15.64
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £26.80 £41.21 £187.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £38.89
% change year-on-year +18.05% -7.41%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the City of London citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 25 (96.15%) JavaScript
1 25 (96.15%) CSS
2 24 (92.31%) HTML
2 24 (92.31%) Sass
3 18 (69.23%) Agile Software Development
4 17 (65.38%) HTML5
5 16 (61.54%) CSS3
6 13 (50.00%) TDD
6 13 (50.00%) React
7 12 (46.15%) gulp
8 11 (42.31%) User Experience
8 11 (42.31%) AngularJS
8 11 (42.31%) Responsive Web Design
8 11 (42.31%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 10 (38.46%) Front End Development
9 10 (38.46%) Selenium
10 9 (34.62%) Git (software)
10 9 (34.62%) RESTful
11 8 (30.77%) Node.js
12 7 (26.92%) BDD
12 7 (26.92%) Mocha
12 7 (26.92%) jQuery
13 6 (23.08%) Web Development
13 6 (23.08%) Cucumber
13 6 (23.08%) Pair Programming
13 6 (23.08%) MVC
13 6 (23.08%) Karma Test Runner
14 5 (19.23%) Bower
14 5 (19.23%) Backbone.js
14 5 (19.23%) D3.js

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (11.54%) CMS
1 3 (11.54%) EPiServer
1 3 (11.54%) Sitecore CMS
1 3 (11.54%) Tomcat
2 2 (7.69%) Apache
2 2 (7.69%) Confluence
3 1 (3.85%) Apache Solr
3 1 (3.85%) GlassFish
3 1 (3.85%) JBoss
Applications
1 3 (11.54%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 3 (11.54%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 5 (19.23%) Microsoft Azure
2 4 (15.38%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (3.85%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 2 (7.69%) HTTP
2 1 (3.85%) DNS
2 1 (3.85%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3 (11.54%) Couchbase
1 3 (11.54%) MongoDB
1 3 (11.54%) NoSQL
2 1 (3.85%) MySQL
2 1 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
2 1 (3.85%) Relational Database
2 1 (3.85%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 12 (46.15%) gulp
2 10 (38.46%) Selenium
3 9 (34.62%) Git (software)
4 7 (26.92%) Mocha
5 6 (23.08%) Cucumber
5 6 (23.08%) Karma Test Runner
6 5 (19.23%) Bower
6 5 (19.23%) WebDriver
7 4 (15.38%) Jasmine
7 4 (15.38%) Jenkins
7 4 (15.38%) Protractor
7 4 (15.38%) Sinon.JS
8 3 (11.54%) Grunt
8 3 (11.54%) JUnit
8 3 (11.54%) Maven
8 3 (11.54%) Team Foundation Server
8 3 (11.54%) Visual Studio
8 3 (11.54%) webpack
9 2 (7.69%) JIRA
9 2 (7.69%) Subversion
General
1 4 (15.38%) Advertising
2 3 (11.54%) Marketing
3 2 (7.69%) Finance
4 1 (3.85%) Retail
Job Titles
1 24 (92.31%) Developer
2 12 (46.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 9 (34.62%) JavaScript Developer
4 6 (23.08%) Senior Developer
4 6 (23.08%) Senior JavaScript Developer
5 3 (11.54%) Analyst
5 3 (11.54%) Analyst Developer
5 3 (11.54%) Angular Developer
5 3 (11.54%) CSS Developer
5 3 (11.54%) Full Stack Developer
5 3 (11.54%) HTML CSS Developer
5 3 (11.54%) HTML Developer
5 3 (11.54%) Java Developer
5 3 (11.54%) Lead Analyst Developer
5 3 (11.54%) Lead Developer
6 2 (7.69%) .NET Developer
6 2 (7.69%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 2 (7.69%) UI Developer
6 2 (7.69%) Web Developer
7 1 (3.85%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (96.15%) CSS
2 24 (92.31%) HTML
2 24 (92.31%) Sass
3 17 (65.38%) HTML5
4 16 (61.54%) CSS3
5 13 (50.00%) React
6 11 (42.31%) AngularJS
6 11 (42.31%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 9 (34.62%) RESTful
8 8 (30.77%) Node.js
9 7 (26.92%) jQuery
10 5 (19.23%) .NET
10 5 (19.23%) Backbone.js
10 5 (19.23%) D3.js
10 5 (19.23%) Ember.js
11 4 (15.38%) Chai
11 4 (15.38%) REST
12 3 (11.54%) Gherkin
12 3 (11.54%) JSON
12 3 (11.54%) SVG
Miscellaneous
1 11 (42.31%) User Experience
2 3 (11.54%) Cloud Native
3 2 (7.69%) Greenfield Project
4 1 (3.85%) Algorithms
4 1 (3.85%) Data Structures
4 1 (3.85%) Graphic Design
4 1 (3.85%) Mobile App
4 1 (3.85%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 2 (7.69%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 18 (69.23%) Agile Software Development
2 13 (50.00%) TDD
3 11 (42.31%) Responsive Web Design
4 10 (38.46%) Front End Development
5 7 (26.92%) BDD
6 6 (23.08%) MVC
6 6 (23.08%) Pair Programming
6 6 (23.08%) Web Development
7 5 (19.23%) Progressive Enhancement
7 5 (19.23%) Scrum
8 4 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
8 4 (15.38%) SEO
9 3 (11.54%) Content Management
9 3 (11.54%) Continuous Improvement
9 3 (11.54%) Enterprise Content Management
9 3 (11.54%) Mobile First
9 3 (11.54%) OO
9 3 (11.54%) Quality Management
9 3 (11.54%) Refactoring
9 3 (11.54%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 25 (96.15%) JavaScript
2 5 (19.23%) SQL
3 4 (15.38%) Java
4 3 (11.54%) C
4 3 (11.54%) C#
4 3 (11.54%) ES6
5 1 (3.85%) Groovy
5 1 (3.85%) PHP
5 1 (3.85%) Python
5 1 (3.85%) R
5 1 (3.85%) Scala
5 1 (3.85%) VB
5 1 (3.85%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 4 (15.38%) Degree
System Software
1 3 (11.54%) Docker
2 1 (3.85%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1 (3.85%) Opscode Chef
1 1 (3.85%) Puppet
Vendors
1 3 (11.54%) Marketo
1 3 (11.54%) Sitecore
2 1 (3.85%) Microsoft
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £450 - £475 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
EPAM Systems
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday