The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 23 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
23 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
London / City of London
Rank 142 141 159
Rank change year-on-year -1 +18  
Contract jobs citing LESS 11 20 37
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.37% 0.61% 0.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.05% 1.86% 2.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 11 15 27
Median daily rate £425 £500 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +42.85%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £375 £308 £269
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £580 £497
UK excluding London median daily rate £340 £350 £325
% change year-on-year -2.85% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £27.37
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
City of London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 1045 1073 1519
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London 34.89% 32.63% 30.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 865 906 1209
Median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £338 £325 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £577
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 5 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% +100.94%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the City of London citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London over the 3 months to 23 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 37 (100.00%) HTML
1 37 (100.00%) CSS
2 33 (89.19%) JavaScript
2 33 (89.19%) Sass
3 29 (78.38%) HTML5
4 27 (72.97%) CSS3
5 19 (51.35%) React
6 18 (48.65%) gulp
6 18 (48.65%) Agile Software Development
7 15 (40.54%) AngularJS
7 15 (40.54%) Selenium
8 14 (37.84%) Responsive Web Design
8 14 (37.84%) Jasmine
8 14 (37.84%) Grunt
8 14 (37.84%) Front End Development
9 12 (32.43%) webpack
9 12 (32.43%) MVC
10 11 (29.73%) Web Design
10 11 (29.73%) Ajax
10 11 (29.73%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 10 (27.03%) REST
11 10 (27.03%) Backbone.js
11 10 (27.03%) Karma Test Runner
11 10 (27.03%) Maven
11 10 (27.03%) HTTP
12 9 (24.32%) DNS
12 9 (24.32%) SSL
12 9 (24.32%) DOM
12 9 (24.32%) Web Development
12 9 (24.32%) JSHint

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (5.41%) Apache
1 2 (5.41%) Tomcat
2 1 (2.70%) Confluence
2 1 (2.70%) GlassFish
2 1 (2.70%) JBoss
Applications
1 4 (10.81%) Photoshop
Communications & Networking
1 10 (27.03%) HTTP
2 9 (24.32%) DNS
2 9 (24.32%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3 (8.11%) SQL Server
1 3 (8.11%) SQL Server 2008
2 2 (5.41%) Relational Database
3 1 (2.70%) MySQL
3 1 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 18 (48.65%) gulp
2 15 (40.54%) Selenium
3 14 (37.84%) Grunt
3 14 (37.84%) Jasmine
4 12 (32.43%) webpack
5 10 (27.03%) Karma Test Runner
5 10 (27.03%) Maven
6 9 (24.32%) Bower
6 9 (24.32%) JSHint
6 9 (24.32%) Protractor
6 9 (24.32%) QUnit
7 6 (16.22%) Cucumber
7 6 (16.22%) WebDriver
8 4 (10.81%) Git (software)
8 4 (10.81%) Mocha
9 3 (8.11%) Balsamiq Mockups
9 3 (8.11%) Team Foundation Server
10 2 (5.41%) JUnit
11 1 (2.70%) IntelliJ
11 1 (2.70%) Subversion
General
1 6 (16.22%) Finance
2 4 (10.81%) Retail
3 2 (5.41%) Banking
3 2 (5.41%) Marketing
4 1 (2.70%) Advertising
4 1 (2.70%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 34 (91.89%) Developer
2 19 (51.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 9 (24.32%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 9 (24.32%) JavaScript Developer
3 9 (24.32%) Web Developer
4 7 (18.92%) HTML Developer
4 7 (18.92%) Senior Developer
4 7 (18.92%) Senior JavaScript Developer
5 6 (16.22%) UI Developer
5 6 (16.22%) Web UI Developer
6 4 (10.81%) Angular Developer
6 4 (10.81%) HTML CSS Developer
7 3 (8.11%) Java Developer
8 2 (5.41%) .NET Developer
8 2 (5.41%) Business Developer
8 2 (5.41%) C# .NET Developer
8 2 (5.41%) C# Developer
8 2 (5.41%) Full Stack Developer
8 2 (5.41%) JavaScript Engineer
9 1 (2.70%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (100.00%) CSS
1 37 (100.00%) HTML
2 33 (89.19%) Sass
3 29 (78.38%) HTML5
4 27 (72.97%) CSS3
5 19 (51.35%) React
6 15 (40.54%) AngularJS
7 11 (29.73%) Ajax
7 11 (29.73%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 10 (27.03%) Backbone.js
8 10 (27.03%) REST
9 9 (24.32%) Compass CSS Framework
9 9 (24.32%) DOM
9 9 (24.32%) Ember.js
9 9 (24.32%) JSLint
9 9 (24.32%) JSON
9 9 (24.32%) Node.js
9 9 (24.32%) RESTful
10 5 (13.51%) .NET
11 4 (10.81%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 9 (24.32%) Graphic Design
1 9 (24.32%) User Experience
2 3 (8.11%) Management Information System
2 3 (8.11%) Minimum Viable Product
3 2 (5.41%) NHS
4 1 (2.70%) Equities
4 1 (2.70%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 3 (8.11%) Windows
1 3 (8.11%) Windows Server
1 3 (8.11%) Windows Server 2008
1 3 (8.11%) Windows Server 2012
2 1 (2.70%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 18 (48.65%) Agile Software Development
2 14 (37.84%) Front End Development
2 14 (37.84%) Responsive Web Design
3 12 (32.43%) MVC
4 11 (29.73%) Web Design
5 9 (24.32%) Web Development
6 8 (21.62%) TDD
7 7 (18.92%) Pair Programming
8 6 (16.22%) OO
8 6 (16.22%) Progressive Enhancement
9 5 (13.51%) BDD
9 5 (13.51%) Wireframes
10 4 (10.81%) Software Engineering
10 4 (10.81%) Unit Testing
11 3 (8.11%) Analytics
11 3 (8.11%) Asset Management
11 3 (8.11%) Business Analysis
11 3 (8.11%) E-Commerce
11 3 (8.11%) Scrum
11 3 (8.11%) Technical Architecture
Programming Languages
1 33 (89.19%) JavaScript
2 6 (16.22%) Java
3 5 (13.51%) C#
4 4 (10.81%) ES6
4 4 (10.81%) PHP
5 3 (8.11%) TypeScript
6 1 (2.70%) Go
6 1 (2.70%) Groovy
6 1 (2.70%) Python
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.70%) WAI
Vendors
1 2 (5.41%) Microsoft
2 1 (2.70%) hybris
City, London
Knowit
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Morgan Mckinley
Rate: £450 - £475 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £350 - £370 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago