Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 270 263 263
Rank change year-on-year -7 0 +50
Permanent jobs citing LESS 84 63 101
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.76% 0.63% 0.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.75% 1.58% 1.97%
Number of salaries quoted 79 51 96
City of London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +20.00% -
10th Percentile £47,500 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £85,000 £67,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +20.00% -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,797 3,987 5,139
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 43.59% 39.59% 41.82%
Number of salaries quoted 4,356 3,579 4,696
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £85,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London.

Salary trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Salary histogram for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £60,000 -
LESS
Central London

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 77 (91.67%) CSS
2 72 (85.71%) HTML
3 68 (80.95%) Sass
4 67 (79.76%) AngularJS
5 60 (71.43%) JavaScript
6 50 (59.52%) CSS3
7 42 (50.00%) Front End Development
8 39 (46.43%) HTML5
9 36 (42.86%) Angular 2
10 32 (38.10%) Git (software)
11 30 (35.71%) TypeScript
12 29 (34.52%) Agile Software Development
13 28 (33.33%) Java
13 28 (33.33%) Node.js
13 28 (33.33%) React
14 26 (30.95%) jQuery
15 25 (29.76%) Web Development
16 24 (28.57%) gulp
17 23 (27.38%) User Experience
17 23 (27.38%) SQL
18 21 (25.00%) REST
19 20 (23.81%) NoSQL
20 19 (22.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 19 (22.62%) Grunt
21 18 (21.43%) Finance
21 18 (21.43%) TDD
22 17 (20.24%) .NET
23 16 (19.05%) webpack
24 15 (17.86%) Mobile Development
25 14 (16.67%) Spring Boot

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (8.33%) Drupal
2 5 (5.95%) CMS
3 4 (4.76%) EPiServer
3 4 (4.76%) Sitecore CMS
3 4 (4.76%) Umbraco
4 3 (3.57%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (2.38%) Confluence
5 2 (2.38%) SharePoint
6 1 (1.19%) IIS
6 1 (1.19%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 5 (5.95%) Photoshop
2 3 (3.57%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 2 (2.38%) Shopify
2 1 (1.19%) Endur
Cloud Services
1 11 (13.10%) Microsoft Azure
1 11 (13.10%) npm
2 7 (8.33%) Yarn
3 1 (1.19%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (1.19%) GitHub
3 1 (1.19%) Google Analytics
3 1 (1.19%) Google Tag Manager
3 1 (1.19%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.38%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (23.81%) NoSQL
2 14 (16.67%) Blockchain
2 14 (16.67%) Redis
2 14 (16.67%) SQL Server
3 4 (4.76%) DB2
4 3 (3.57%) Hadoop
5 2 (2.38%) MySQL
5 2 (2.38%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.19%) CouchDB
6 1 (1.19%) Mixpanel
6 1 (1.19%) MongoDB
6 1 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
6 1 (1.19%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 32 (38.10%) Git (software)
2 24 (28.57%) gulp
3 19 (22.62%) Grunt
4 16 (19.05%) webpack
5 14 (16.67%) Gradle
5 14 (16.67%) Jasmine
5 14 (16.67%) JUnit
6 10 (11.90%) Visual Studio
7 9 (10.71%) Jenkins
8 8 (9.52%) Mocha
8 8 (9.52%) Subversion
9 6 (7.14%) TeamCity
10 5 (5.95%) Karma Test Runner
10 5 (5.95%) Sinon.JS
11 4 (4.76%) JIRA
11 4 (4.76%) JSUnit
11 4 (4.76%) Moq
11 4 (4.76%) NUnit
11 4 (4.76%) QUnit
11 4 (4.76%) Rhino Mocks
General
1 18 (21.43%) Finance
2 5 (5.95%) Law
3 4 (4.76%) Advertising
3 4 (4.76%) Banking
3 4 (4.76%) Games
3 4 (4.76%) Marketing
4 3 (3.57%) Pharmaceutical
5 2 (2.38%) Investment Banking
5 2 (2.38%) Publishing
6 1 (1.19%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 79 (94.05%) Developer
2 32 (38.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 26 (30.95%) Full Stack Developer
4 14 (16.67%) Blockchain Developer
4 14 (16.67%) Java Developer
5 12 (14.29%) Angular Developer
5 12 (14.29%) Web Developer
6 11 (13.10%) Senior Developer
7 9 (10.71%) Lead Developer
8 7 (8.33%) React Developer
8 7 (8.33%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 5 (5.95%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 5 (5.95%) Software Engineer
10 4 (4.76%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 4 (4.76%) Electronic Trading Developer
11 3 (3.57%) C# Developer
11 3 (3.57%) JavaScript Developer
12 2 (2.38%) C# Developer - Electronic Trading
12 2 (2.38%) Senior Full Stack Developer
12 2 (2.38%) Senior Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (91.67%) CSS
2 72 (85.71%) HTML
3 68 (80.95%) Sass
4 67 (79.76%) AngularJS
5 50 (59.52%) CSS3
6 39 (46.43%) HTML5
7 36 (42.86%) Angular 2
8 28 (33.33%) Node.js
8 28 (33.33%) React
9 26 (30.95%) jQuery
10 21 (25.00%) REST
11 19 (22.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 17 (20.24%) .NET
13 14 (16.67%) Spring
13 14 (16.67%) Spring Boot
14 12 (14.29%) Entity Framework
14 12 (14.29%) JSON
15 9 (10.71%) RESTful
15 9 (10.71%) Vue.js
16 8 (9.52%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 23 (27.38%) User Experience
2 9 (10.71%) Self-Motivation
3 6 (7.14%) Data Structures
4 4 (4.76%) Fintech
5 3 (3.57%) Algorithms
5 3 (3.57%) Equities
5 3 (3.57%) Greenfield Project
6 2 (2.38%) Computer Science
6 2 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 2 (2.38%) Video on Demand
6 2 (2.38%) Video\Live Streaming
6 2 (2.38%) W3C
7 1 (1.19%) Analytical Skills
7 1 (1.19%) Animation
7 1 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
7 1 (1.19%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1 (1.19%) Linux
1 1 (1.19%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 42 (50.00%) Front End Development
2 29 (34.52%) Agile Software Development
3 25 (29.76%) Web Development
4 18 (21.43%) TDD
5 15 (17.86%) Mobile Development
6 14 (16.67%) Microservices
6 14 (16.67%) OO
6 14 (16.67%) Scrum
6 14 (16.67%) Software Engineering
7 12 (14.29%) BDD
8 11 (13.10%) Mentoring
8 11 (13.10%) MVC
8 11 (13.10%) Unit Testing
9 10 (11.90%) Responsive Web Design
10 9 (10.71%) Continuous Integration
10 9 (10.71%) OOP
11 8 (9.52%) Test Automation
12 7 (8.33%) Problem-Solving
13 6 (7.14%) Decision-Making
13 6 (7.14%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 60 (71.43%) JavaScript
2 30 (35.71%) TypeScript
3 28 (33.33%) Java
4 23 (27.38%) SQL
5 12 (14.29%) C#
5 12 (14.29%) ES6
6 11 (13.10%) PHP
7 2 (2.38%) Ruby
8 1 (1.19%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 10 (11.90%) Degree
2 1 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
2 1 (1.19%) SC Cleared
2 1 (1.19%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (5.95%) QA
System Software
1 7 (8.33%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (4.76%) Kubernetes
2 3 (3.57%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 7 (8.33%) Microsoft
2 5 (5.95%) Sitecore
3 4 (4.76%) Oracle
4 1 (1.19%) Adobe
4 1 (1.19%) Google
4 1 (1.19%) Monetate
4 1 (1.19%) Optimizely
4 1 (1.19%) Qubit
4 1 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
4 1 (1.19%) Tealium