Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 251 241 273
Rank change year-on-year -10 +32 +92
Permanent jobs citing LESS 82 99 113
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.79% 0.94% 0.80%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.90% 2.33% 2.16%
Number of salaries quoted 60 92 111
City of London median annual salary £62,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +25.00% - -
10th Percentile £47,500 £36,600 £32,500
90th Percentile £130,000 £72,500 £75,000
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +20.00% - +5.26%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,318 4,250 5,226
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 41.67% 40.17% 36.89%
Number of salaries quoted 3,821 3,909 4,602
City of London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £38,750 £36,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London.

Salary trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Salary histogram for LESS in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 80 (97.56%) Sass
2 79 (96.34%) JavaScript
3 78 (95.12%) CSS
4 75 (91.46%) HTML
5 45 (54.88%) Git (software)
6 44 (53.66%) HTML5
7 41 (50.00%) Front End Development
8 40 (48.78%) CSS3
9 39 (47.56%) User Experience
10 38 (46.34%) Web Development
11 37 (45.12%) React
12 36 (43.90%) Java
13 31 (37.80%) SQL
14 30 (36.59%) AngularJS
15 29 (35.37%) Agile Software Development
16 28 (34.15%) PHP
17 26 (31.71%) Advertising
18 24 (29.27%) Spring
19 23 (28.05%) Finance
20 21 (25.61%) gulp
21 19 (23.17%) Java EE
21 19 (23.17%) Hibernate
21 19 (23.17%) JDBC
21 19 (23.17%) Customer Requirements
22 17 (20.73%) REST
23 16 (19.51%) Node.js
23 16 (19.51%) Grunt
23 16 (19.51%) Responsive Web Design
23 16 (19.51%) Fintech
23 16 (19.51%) jQuery

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (2.44%) Confluence
1 2 (2.44%) Drupal
2 1 (1.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
2 1 (1.22%) nginx
2 1 (1.22%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (4.88%) Adobe Illustrator
1 4 (4.88%) Photoshop
2 1 (1.22%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 1 (1.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 9 (10.98%) npm
2 5 (6.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 3 (3.66%) Heroku
4 1 (1.22%) Amazon AWS
4 1 (1.22%) Google Analytics
4 1 (1.22%) Google Cloud Platform
4 1 (1.22%) Office 365
4 1 (1.22%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (7.32%) Internet
2 2 (2.44%) HTTP
3 1 (1.22%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (8.54%) PostgreSQL
2 6 (7.32%) Redis
3 5 (6.10%) Relational Database
4 4 (4.88%) MongoDB
4 4 (4.88%) MySQL
5 3 (3.66%) Azure SQL Database
5 3 (3.66%) Cosmos DB
5 3 (3.66%) RDBMS
6 2 (2.44%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 45 (54.88%) Git (software)
2 21 (25.61%) gulp
3 16 (19.51%) Grunt
4 9 (10.98%) JIRA
5 7 (8.54%) Jasmine
6 5 (6.10%) Jenkins
6 5 (6.10%) webpack
7 4 (4.88%) Bower
7 4 (4.88%) GitLab
7 4 (4.88%) NUnit
7 4 (4.88%) Selenium
7 4 (4.88%) Team Foundation Server
8 3 (3.66%) Hudson
8 3 (3.66%) JUnit
8 3 (3.66%) Maven
8 3 (3.66%) Mocha
8 3 (3.66%) MSTest
8 3 (3.66%) Subversion
9 2 (2.44%) Babel
10 1 (1.22%) Protractor
General
1 26 (31.71%) Advertising
2 23 (28.05%) Finance
3 3 (3.66%) Law
3 3 (3.66%) Legal
4 1 (1.22%) Banking
4 1 (1.22%) Investment Banking
4 1 (1.22%) Marketing
4 1 (1.22%) Publishing
4 1 (1.22%) Retail
Job Titles
1 65 (79.27%) Developer
2 21 (25.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 19 (23.17%) Java Developer
4 15 (18.29%) JavaScript Developer
5 11 (13.41%) Web Engineer
6 7 (8.54%) Angular Developer
6 7 (8.54%) Full Stack Developer
6 7 (8.54%) Senior Developer
7 6 (7.32%) React Developer
8 5 (6.10%) UI Developer
9 4 (4.88%) Lead Developer
9 4 (4.88%) PHP Developer
10 3 (3.66%) Senior PHP Developer
10 3 (3.66%) Senior Software Engineer
10 3 (3.66%) Software Engineer
11 2 (2.44%) Drupal Developer
11 2 (2.44%) HTML Developer
11 2 (2.44%) LAMP Developer
11 2 (2.44%) Python Developer
11 2 (2.44%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (97.56%) Sass
2 78 (95.12%) CSS
3 75 (91.46%) HTML
4 44 (53.66%) HTML5
5 40 (48.78%) CSS3
6 37 (45.12%) React
7 30 (36.59%) AngularJS
8 24 (29.27%) Spring
9 19 (23.17%) Hibernate
9 19 (23.17%) Java EE
9 19 (23.17%) JDBC
10 17 (20.73%) REST
11 16 (19.51%) jQuery
11 16 (19.51%) Node.js
12 14 (17.07%) Redux
12 14 (17.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 13 (15.85%) RESTful
14 11 (13.41%) KnockoutJS
15 8 (9.76%) Ember.js
16 6 (7.32%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 39 (47.56%) User Experience
2 16 (19.51%) Fintech
3 14 (17.07%) Mobile App
4 11 (13.41%) Blog
5 9 (10.98%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (4.88%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (3.66%) W3C
8 2 (2.44%) Spread Betting
9 1 (1.22%) Algorithms
9 1 (1.22%) Computer Science
9 1 (1.22%) Data Structures
9 1 (1.22%) Digital Media
9 1 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
9 1 (1.22%) Mainframe
9 1 (1.22%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 5 (6.10%) Linux
2 2 (2.44%) Android
2 2 (2.44%) Apple iOS
2 2 (2.44%) Windows
3 1 (1.22%) Mac OS X
3 1 (1.22%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 41 (50.00%) Front End Development
2 38 (46.34%) Web Development
3 29 (35.37%) Agile Software Development
4 19 (23.17%) Customer Requirements
5 16 (19.51%) Responsive Web Design
6 12 (14.63%) TDD
7 11 (13.41%) Creative Problem-Solving
7 11 (13.41%) Functional Programming
8 10 (12.20%) E-Commerce
8 10 (12.20%) Scrum
8 10 (12.20%) Test Automation
9 9 (10.98%) Unit Testing
10 8 (9.76%) Pair Programming
11 7 (8.54%) OO
11 7 (8.54%) Software Engineering
11 7 (8.54%) Web Design
12 6 (7.32%) Continuous Integration
12 6 (7.32%) Kanban
12 6 (7.32%) OOD
12 6 (7.32%) Refactoring
Programming Languages
1 79 (96.34%) JavaScript
2 36 (43.90%) Java
3 31 (37.80%) SQL
4 28 (34.15%) PHP
5 12 (14.63%) ES6
6 5 (6.10%) TypeScript
7 4 (4.88%) Ruby
8 3 (3.66%) Python
9 2 (2.44%) C#
10 1 (1.22%) Apple Swift
10 1 (1.22%) C
10 1 (1.22%) Elixir
10 1 (1.22%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 9 (10.98%) Degree
2 3 (3.66%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (19.51%) QA
2 1 (1.22%) WCAG
System Software
1 4 (4.88%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (2.44%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 5 (6.10%) Caplin
2 3 (3.66%) Microsoft
2 3 (3.66%) Zend
3 2 (2.44%) Atlassian
3 2 (2.44%) Google
3 2 (2.44%) MuleSoft
4 1 (1.22%) Adobe
4 1 (1.22%) DoubleClick
4 1 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
4 1 (1.22%) Twitter
4 1 (1.22%) Xamarin