Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 281 268 264
Rank change year-on-year -13 -4 +30
Permanent jobs citing LESS 70 67 90
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.63% 0.66% 0.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.47% 1.67% 1.85%
Number of salaries quoted 65 47 85
City of London median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +15.00% -2.44%
10th Percentile £48,000 £39,750 £34,400
90th Percentile £93,750 £75,000 £67,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,778 4,004 4,855
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 43.11% 39.65% 41.45%
Number of salaries quoted 4,364 3,626 4,474
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London.

Salary trend for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Salary histogram for LESS in the City of London

LESS
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £60,000 -
LESS
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 66 (94.29%) CSS
2 63 (90.00%) HTML
3 54 (77.14%) Sass
4 53 (75.71%) AngularJS
5 51 (72.86%) CSS3
5 51 (72.86%) JavaScript
6 35 (50.00%) HTML5
7 33 (47.14%) Front End Development
8 28 (40.00%) Angular 2
9 27 (38.57%) jQuery
10 25 (35.71%) Web Development
10 25 (35.71%) Java
10 25 (35.71%) Agile Software Development
11 24 (34.29%) Git (software)
12 23 (32.86%) React
12 23 (32.86%) TypeScript
12 23 (32.86%) Node.js
13 22 (31.43%) SQL
14 21 (30.00%) REST
15 20 (28.57%) gulp
16 19 (27.14%) NoSQL
16 19 (27.14%) User Experience
17 18 (25.71%) Finance
18 17 (24.29%) .NET
18 17 (24.29%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 15 (21.43%) Mobile Development
20 14 (20.00%) Spring Boot
20 14 (20.00%) Blockchain
20 14 (20.00%) Gradle
20 14 (20.00%) Grunt

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (8.57%) CMS
1 6 (8.57%) Drupal
2 5 (7.14%) EPiServer
2 5 (7.14%) Sitecore CMS
2 5 (7.14%) Umbraco
3 3 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (2.86%) Confluence
5 1 (1.43%) IIS
5 1 (1.43%) NServiceBus
5 1 (1.43%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (5.71%) Photoshop
2 3 (4.29%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 2 (2.86%) Shopify
2 1 (1.43%) Endur
Cloud Services
1 11 (15.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 5 (7.14%) npm
3 1 (1.43%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (1.43%) GitHub
3 1 (1.43%) Google Analytics
3 1 (1.43%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.43%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (27.14%) NoSQL
2 14 (20.00%) Blockchain
2 14 (20.00%) Redis
3 13 (18.57%) SQL Server
4 3 (4.29%) DB2
4 3 (4.29%) Hadoop
5 2 (2.86%) MySQL
6 1 (1.43%) CouchDB
6 1 (1.43%) Mixpanel
6 1 (1.43%) MongoDB
6 1 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 24 (34.29%) Git (software)
2 20 (28.57%) gulp
3 14 (20.00%) Gradle
3 14 (20.00%) Grunt
3 14 (20.00%) JUnit
4 12 (17.14%) Jasmine
5 10 (14.29%) Visual Studio
5 10 (14.29%) webpack
6 7 (10.00%) Subversion
7 6 (8.57%) Mocha
8 5 (7.14%) Jenkins
8 5 (7.14%) TeamCity
9 4 (5.71%) Sinon.JS
10 3 (4.29%) JSUnit
10 3 (4.29%) Karma Test Runner
10 3 (4.29%) Moq
10 3 (4.29%) QUnit
10 3 (4.29%) Rhino Mocks
10 3 (4.29%) Selenium
10 3 (4.29%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 18 (25.71%) Finance
2 4 (5.71%) Advertising
2 4 (5.71%) Marketing
3 3 (4.29%) Banking
4 2 (2.86%) Games
4 2 (2.86%) Publishing
5 1 (1.43%) Front Office
5 1 (1.43%) Investment Banking
5 1 (1.43%) Law
Job Titles
1 66 (94.29%) Developer
2 25 (35.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 24 (34.29%) Full Stack Developer
4 14 (20.00%) Blockchain Developer
4 14 (20.00%) Java Developer
5 11 (15.71%) Web Developer
6 10 (14.29%) Angular Developer
7 9 (12.86%) Senior Developer
8 6 (8.57%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 6 (8.57%) React Developer
9 5 (7.14%) Lead Developer
9 5 (7.14%) Software Engineer
10 4 (5.71%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 4 (5.71%) JavaScript Developer
10 4 (5.71%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 3 (4.29%) C# Developer
11 3 (4.29%) Electronic Trading Developer
12 2 (2.86%) Developer in Test
12 2 (2.86%) Senior Full Stack Developer
12 2 (2.86%) Senior Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 66 (94.29%) CSS
2 63 (90.00%) HTML
3 54 (77.14%) Sass
4 53 (75.71%) AngularJS
5 51 (72.86%) CSS3
6 35 (50.00%) HTML5
7 28 (40.00%) Angular 2
8 27 (38.57%) jQuery
9 23 (32.86%) Node.js
9 23 (32.86%) React
10 21 (30.00%) REST
11 17 (24.29%) .NET
11 17 (24.29%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 14 (20.00%) Spring
12 14 (20.00%) Spring Boot
13 11 (15.71%) Entity Framework
13 11 (15.71%) JSON
14 9 (12.86%) Ajax
15 8 (11.43%) LINQ
15 8 (11.43%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 19 (27.14%) User Experience
2 4 (5.71%) Fintech
3 3 (4.29%) Equities
4 2 (2.86%) Computer Science
4 2 (2.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 2 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
4 2 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
4 2 (2.86%) Video on Demand
4 2 (2.86%) Video\Live Streaming
4 2 (2.86%) W3C
5 1 (1.43%) Analytical Skills
5 1 (1.43%) Animation
5 1 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (47.14%) Front End Development
2 25 (35.71%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (35.71%) Web Development
3 15 (21.43%) Mobile Development
4 14 (20.00%) Scrum
5 13 (18.57%) Microservices
5 13 (18.57%) Software Engineering
6 10 (14.29%) TDD
6 10 (14.29%) Unit Testing
7 9 (12.86%) MVC
7 9 (12.86%) Responsive Web Design
8 8 (11.43%) OO
9 7 (10.00%) Test Automation
10 6 (8.57%) Kanban
11 5 (7.14%) BDD
11 5 (7.14%) BEM - Block Element Modifier
11 5 (7.14%) Continuous Integration
11 5 (7.14%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
11 5 (7.14%) Web Accessibility
12 4 (5.71%) Customer-Centricity
Programming Languages
1 51 (72.86%) JavaScript
2 25 (35.71%) Java
3 23 (32.86%) TypeScript
4 22 (31.43%) SQL
5 12 (17.14%) C#
6 11 (15.71%) ES6
6 11 (15.71%) PHP
7 2 (2.86%) Ruby
8 1 (1.43%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 5 (7.14%) Degree
2 1 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
2 1 (1.43%) SC Cleared
2 1 (1.43%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (7.14%) QA
System Software
1 4 (5.71%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (5.71%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 7 (10.00%) Microsoft
2 6 (8.57%) Sitecore
3 3 (4.29%) Oracle
4 1 (1.43%) Salesforce.com