Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > East of England
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 93 71 115
Rank change year-on-year -22 +44 -23
Contract jobs citing BDD 50 25 44
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 2.06% 1.74% 1.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.54% 2.09% 1.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 37 18 25
10th Percentile £385 £391 £288
25th Percentile £431 £413 £345
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £388
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +16.13% -25.84%
75th Percentile £580 £538 £438
90th Percentile £588 £568 £538
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -0.99%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,968 1,194 3,016
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 80.89% 83.03% 83.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,127 694 1,826
10th Percentile £187 £200 £206
25th Percentile £342 £310 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £465 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +9.41% - -5.03%
75th Percentile £550 £516 £519
90th Percentile £638 £585 £600
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 235 120 192
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.00 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.25 £15.00 £13.88
Median hourly rate £16.25 £34.25 £17.75
Median % change year-on-year -52.55% +92.96% +0.85%
75th Percentile £39.55 £46.31 £46.00
90th Percentile £56.50 £50.00 £49.95
England median hourly rate £25.50 £26.79 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.82% +30.68% -5.79%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the East of England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for BDD in the East of England

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in the East of England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in the East of England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in the East of England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the East of England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Essex +7 42 £495 +10.00% 2
Cambridgeshire - 5 £600 - 9
Hertfordshire -18 2 - - 16
Bedfordshire -18 1 £514 +51.18% 3
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 39 (78.00%) Java
1 39 (78.00%) Agile Software Development
2 34 (68.00%) JIRA
2 34 (68.00%) Confluence
3 32 (64.00%) TDD
4 31 (62.00%) Spring
5 30 (60.00%) Scrum
5 30 (60.00%) AWS
5 30 (60.00%) Spring Boot
6 29 (58.00%) Microservices
6 29 (58.00%) Oracle
7 26 (52.00%) MySQL
7 26 (52.00%) Java 8
7 26 (52.00%) Java 11
8 24 (48.00%) User Stories
9 23 (46.00%) Oracle Database
10 22 (44.00%) Test Automation
11 20 (40.00%) J2SE
11 20 (40.00%) Pair Programming
11 20 (40.00%) Hybrid Cloud
12 17 (34.00%) Social Skills
12 17 (34.00%) CI/CD
13 16 (32.00%) Scaled Agile Framework
14 15 (30.00%) Jenkins
15 14 (28.00%) OCPJP
15 14 (28.00%) Checkstyle
15 14 (28.00%) Sun
15 14 (28.00%) Sun Certification
16 13 (26.00%) Software Engineering
16 13 (26.00%) Epics

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (68.00%) Confluence
2 3 (6.00%) OpenStack
3 2 (4.00%) Tomcat
Business Applications
1 4 (8.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (4.00%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 30 (60.00%) AWS
2 4 (8.00%) Dynamics 365
3 3 (6.00%) Amazon ECS
3 3 (6.00%) Amazon EKS
3 3 (6.00%) Amazon S3
3 3 (6.00%) Azure
3 3 (6.00%) GCP
3 3 (6.00%) Serverless
4 2 (4.00%) GitHub
5 1 (2.00%) OpenShift
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (52.00%) MySQL
2 23 (46.00%) Oracle Database
3 5 (10.00%) Relational Database
4 4 (8.00%) Oracle Reports
5 3 (6.00%) BigQuery
5 3 (6.00%) Cloud Spanner
5 3 (6.00%) Oracle Database 12c
6 2 (4.00%) InfluxDB
7 1 (2.00%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 34 (68.00%) JIRA
2 15 (30.00%) Jenkins
3 14 (28.00%) Checkstyle
4 12 (24.00%) Git (software)
5 10 (20.00%) Selenium
6 9 (18.00%) Cucumber
7 8 (16.00%) SoapUI
8 7 (14.00%) REST Assured
9 4 (8.00%) Postman
10 2 (4.00%) Artifactory
10 2 (4.00%) Bitbucket
10 2 (4.00%) Bitbucket Server
10 2 (4.00%) Flyway
10 2 (4.00%) IntelliJ
10 2 (4.00%) JIRA Agile
10 2 (4.00%) JMeter
10 2 (4.00%) JUnit
10 2 (4.00%) Maven
10 2 (4.00%) SonarQube
11 1 (2.00%) WebDriver
General
1 17 (34.00%) Social Skills
2 12 (24.00%) Public Sector
3 4 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (8.00%) Finance
3 4 (8.00%) Local Government
4 2 (4.00%) Retail
5 1 (2.00%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 25 (50.00%) Developer
1 25 (50.00%) Java Developer
2 7 (14.00%) Analyst
2 7 (14.00%) Tester
3 6 (12.00%) Senior Developer
3 6 (12.00%) Senior Java Developer
3 6 (12.00%) Test Analyst
4 4 (8.00%) Automation Tester
4 4 (8.00%) Functional Tester
4 4 (8.00%) Lead Test Analyst
4 4 (8.00%) Test Leader
5 3 (6.00%) Cloud Engineer
5 3 (6.00%) Data Engineer
5 3 (6.00%) DBA
5 3 (6.00%) Senior Tester
6 2 (4.00%) Automation Test Analyst
6 2 (4.00%) Oracle DBA
6 2 (4.00%) Test Specialist
7 1 (2.00%) Java Applications Developer
7 1 (2.00%) Scrum Master
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (62.00%) Spring
2 30 (60.00%) Spring Boot
3 20 (40.00%) J2SE
4 12 (24.00%) REST
5 9 (18.00%) XML
6 7 (14.00%) SOAP
6 7 (14.00%) WireMock
7 4 (8.00%) RESTful
8 3 (6.00%) AngularJS
8 3 (6.00%) Apache Camel
8 3 (6.00%) Elastic Stack
8 3 (6.00%) Kafka
8 3 (6.00%) Node.js
8 3 (6.00%) Web Services
9 2 (4.00%) Java Concurrency
9 2 (4.00%) JDBC
9 2 (4.00%) JMS
9 2 (4.00%) JMX
9 2 (4.00%) RabbitMQ
9 2 (4.00%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 20 (40.00%) Hybrid Cloud
2 4 (8.00%) User Experience
3 3 (6.00%) iPad
4 2 (4.00%) NHS
5 1 (2.00%) Life Science
5 1 (2.00%) Public Cloud
5 1 (2.00%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 8 (16.00%) Unix
2 5 (10.00%) Linux
3 4 (8.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (78.00%) Agile Software Development
2 32 (64.00%) TDD
3 30 (60.00%) Scrum
4 29 (58.00%) Microservices
5 24 (48.00%) User Stories
6 22 (44.00%) Test Automation
7 20 (40.00%) Pair Programming
8 17 (34.00%) CI/CD
9 16 (32.00%) Scaled Agile Framework
10 13 (26.00%) DevOps
10 13 (26.00%) Epics
10 13 (26.00%) Software Engineering
11 11 (22.00%) Kanban
11 11 (22.00%) Software Architecture
12 10 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
12 10 (20.00%) Data Management
13 9 (18.00%) Continuous Deployment
13 9 (18.00%) Problem-Solving
13 9 (18.00%) Scenario Testing
14 8 (16.00%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 39 (78.00%) Java
2 26 (52.00%) Java 11
2 26 (52.00%) Java 8
3 4 (8.00%) SQL
4 3 (6.00%) JavaScript
5 2 (4.00%) Shell Script
6 1 (2.00%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 14 (28.00%) OCPJP
1 14 (28.00%) Sun Certification
2 1 (2.00%) SC Cleared
2 1 (2.00%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.00%) QA
System Software
1 3 (6.00%) Docker
Systems Management
1 6 (12.00%) Kubernetes
1 6 (12.00%) Terraform
2 5 (10.00%) Ansible
3 2 (4.00%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 29 (58.00%) Oracle
2 14 (28.00%) Sun
3 5 (10.00%) Atlassian
4 3 (6.00%) Google
4 3 (6.00%) Pega
4 3 (6.00%) WSO2
5 2 (4.00%) Checkmarx
5 2 (4.00%) Red Hat