Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 60 65
Rank change year-on-year +5 +5 +23
Contract jobs citing BDD 3,943 3,204 3,261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.22% 3.60% 3.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.89% 4.20% 3.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,033 2,400 2,616
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £353 £340 £318
90th Percentile £613 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 13 6
England median hourly rate £36.25 £47.50 £45.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.68% +4.40% -
10th Percentile £18.95 £32.00 £35.88
90th Percentile £46.50 £58.00 £53.13
UK median hourly rate £36.25 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -23.68% +5.56% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,569 76,256 85,382
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.30% 85.77% 85.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,615 50,302 56,978
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £264
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,178 1,891 2,066
England median hourly rate £21.50 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.42% +4.35% +6.73%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.68
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +6.38% +9.05%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 2,373 £513 +2.50% 466
North of England +12 542 £413 -1.79% 151
South East +9 507 £475 +11.76% 132
Midlands +58 272 £450 +10.43% 77
Yorkshire -2 221 £413 -2.94% 51
North West +24 209 £425 +6.25% 90
West Midlands +43 202 £450 +5.88% 35
South West +3 131 £418 +7.05% 50
North East +36 117 £389 +5.07% 10
East of England -13 116 £500 +14.29% 58
East Midlands +29 70 £401 -5.76% 41
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,064 (77.71%) TDD
2 3,052 (77.40%) Agile Software Development
3 1,918 (48.64%) Java
4 1,337 (33.91%) Scrum
5 1,331 (33.76%) Test Automation
6 1,279 (32.44%) JavaScript
7 1,083 (27.47%) Git (software)
8 1,033 (26.20%) Jenkins
9 981 (24.88%) Continuous Integration
10 883 (22.39%) C#
11 840 (21.30%) Microservices
12 801 (20.31%) Spring
13 792 (20.09%) Cucumber
14 778 (19.73%) SQL
15 771 (19.55%) REST
16 769 (19.50%) .NET
17 767 (19.45%) Selenium
18 759 (19.25%) HTML
19 723 (18.34%) CSS
20 704 (17.85%) DevOps
21 694 (17.60%) Kanban
22 670 (16.99%) RESTful
23 659 (16.71%) Web Services
24 656 (16.64%) Amazon AWS
25 609 (15.45%) MVC
26 594 (15.06%) AngularJS
27 590 (14.96%) Finance
28 582 (14.76%) Node.js
29 579 (14.68%) Docker
30 575 (14.58%) JIRA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 326 (8.27%) Confluence
2 171 (4.34%) Elasticsearch
3 141 (3.58%) Apache Spark
4 126 (3.20%) Apache
5 88 (2.23%) NServiceBus
6 80 (2.03%) JBoss
6 80 (2.03%) Tomcat
7 67 (1.70%) Cloud Foundry
8 61 (1.55%) CMS
9 47 (1.19%) Jetty
10 46 (1.17%) WebSphere
11 40 (1.01%) WebLogic
12 38 (0.96%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 35 (0.89%) MQSeries
14 30 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 29 (0.74%) Documentum
16 27 (0.68%) Apache Solr
16 27 (0.68%) Mule
17 25 (0.63%) GemFire
18 19 (0.48%) IIS
Applications
1 21 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.36%) Chatbot
3 10 (0.25%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.15%) GIMP
5 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 5 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.076%) InVision
8 2 (0.051%) S-PLUS
8 2 (0.051%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.025%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 29 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
3 8 (0.20%) Eloqua
3 8 (0.20%) Endur
4 5 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
4 5 (0.13%) Magento
5 3 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.076%) Oracle CRM
5 3 (0.076%) SAP FI
5 3 (0.076%) Siebel CRM
6 2 (0.051%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.051%) Summit
7 1 (0.025%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.025%) FastStats
7 1 (0.025%) LatentZero
7 1 (0.025%) OpenText Process Suite
7 1 (0.025%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.025%) Tesseract
7 1 (0.025%) thinkFolio
7 1 (0.025%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 656 (16.64%) Amazon AWS
2 522 (13.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 161 (4.08%) GitHub
4 101 (2.56%) Serverless
5 100 (2.54%) Google Cloud Platform
6 60 (1.52%) BrowserStack
6 60 (1.52%) Slack
7 57 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
8 55 (1.39%) Heroku
9 54 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
10 52 (1.32%) npm
11 50 (1.27%) PaaS
12 48 (1.22%) Sauce Labs
13 39 (0.99%) SaaS
14 35 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
15 28 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
16 26 (0.66%) IaaS
17 25 (0.63%) Datadog
18 21 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
18 21 (0.53%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 135 (3.42%) HTTP
2 54 (1.37%) Internet
3 29 (0.74%) DNS
4 27 (0.68%) FTP
4 27 (0.68%) SSL
4 27 (0.68%) TCP/IP
5 23 (0.58%) AMQP
6 13 (0.33%) HTTPS
7 12 (0.30%) Kerberos
8 10 (0.25%) Reverse Proxy
9 6 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
9 6 (0.15%) PuTTY
9 6 (0.15%) WinSCP
10 5 (0.13%) Firewall
11 4 (0.10%) MQTT
11 4 (0.10%) Network Security
12 3 (0.076%) DSL
12 3 (0.076%) Intranet
12 3 (0.076%) WEP
13 2 (0.051%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 453 (11.49%) NoSQL
2 423 (10.73%) SQL Server
3 323 (8.19%) MongoDB
4 301 (7.63%) PostgreSQL
5 250 (6.34%) Relational Database
6 218 (5.53%) Big Data
7 212 (5.38%) MySQL
8 174 (4.41%) Hadoop
9 139 (3.53%) Apache Cassandra
10 112 (2.84%) HBase
11 74 (1.88%) Redis
12 63 (1.60%) Amazon Redshift
13 55 (1.39%) Neo4j
14 54 (1.37%) RDBMS
15 47 (1.19%) Couchbase
16 38 (0.96%) Apache Hive
16 38 (0.96%) Azure SQL Database
17 36 (0.91%) Oracle Database
18 31 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 31 (0.79%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1,083 (27.47%) Git (software)
2 1,033 (26.20%) Jenkins
3 792 (20.09%) Cucumber
4 767 (19.45%) Selenium
5 575 (14.58%) JIRA
6 481 (12.20%) Maven
7 342 (8.67%) JUnit
8 307 (7.79%) SpecFlow
9 294 (7.46%) WebDriver
10 217 (5.50%) Mockito
11 193 (4.89%) SoapUI
12 182 (4.62%) Subversion
13 146 (3.70%) TeamCity
14 140 (3.55%) JMeter
15 137 (3.47%) Team Foundation Server
16 131 (3.32%) SonarQube
17 122 (3.09%) Gradle
18 113 (2.87%) NUnit
19 105 (2.66%) webpack
20 101 (2.56%) Mocha
General
1 590 (14.96%) Finance
2 368 (9.33%) Banking
3 174 (4.41%) Retail
4 107 (2.71%) Games
5 82 (2.08%) Telecoms
6 78 (1.98%) Investment Banking
7 44 (1.12%) Front Office
8 39 (0.99%) Marketing
9 33 (0.84%) Back Office
10 32 (0.81%) Publishing
11 22 (0.56%) Advertising
11 22 (0.56%) Retail Banking
12 21 (0.53%) Financial Institution
12 21 (0.53%) Law
13 12 (0.30%) Automotive
13 12 (0.30%) Manufacturing
13 12 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.25%) Legal
15 7 (0.18%) Electronics
16 4 (0.10%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,460 (62.39%) Developer
2 920 (23.33%) Java Developer
3 374 (9.49%) Senior Developer
4 351 (8.90%) .NET Developer
5 337 (8.55%) C# Developer
6 273 (6.92%) Tester
7 263 (6.67%) Analyst
8 228 (5.78%) React Developer
9 216 (5.48%) Full Stack Developer
10 203 (5.15%) Automation Tester
11 189 (4.79%) JavaScript Developer
12 179 (4.54%) Senior Java Developer
13 152 (3.85%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 149 (3.78%) Test Analyst
15 145 (3.68%) C# .NET Developer
16 143 (3.63%) Software Engineer
17 141 (3.58%) Agile Developer
18 126 (3.20%) Angular Developer
19 124 (3.14%) Test Engineer
20 122 (3.09%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 801 (20.31%) Spring
2 771 (19.55%) REST
3 769 (19.50%) .NET
4 759 (19.25%) HTML
5 723 (18.34%) CSS
6 670 (16.99%) RESTful
7 659 (16.71%) Web Services
8 594 (15.06%) AngularJS
9 582 (14.76%) Node.js
10 509 (12.91%) React
11 408 (10.35%) Spring Boot
12 378 (9.59%) HTML5
13 334 (8.47%) Hibernate
14 332 (8.42%) ASP.NET
15 317 (8.04%) JSON
16 284 (7.20%) SOAP
17 267 (6.77%) CSS3
18 241 (6.11%) XML
19 233 (5.91%) Kafka
20 225 (5.71%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 373 (9.46%) Greenfield Project
2 284 (7.20%) User Experience
3 165 (4.18%) Mobile App
4 153 (3.88%) Enterprise Software
5 151 (3.83%) Analytical Skills
6 145 (3.68%) Fintech
7 83 (2.10%) iPad
8 71 (1.80%) Computer Science
9 55 (1.39%) Algorithms
10 49 (1.24%) Virtual Team
11 46 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
12 38 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
13 35 (0.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 34 (0.86%) Data Structures
15 32 (0.81%) Data Centre
16 27 (0.68%) Blog
16 27 (0.68%) Derivative
16 27 (0.68%) Equities
16 27 (0.68%) Fixed Income
16 27 (0.68%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 508 (12.88%) Linux
2 258 (6.54%) Unix
3 154 (3.91%) Windows
4 143 (3.63%) Android
5 140 (3.55%) Apple iOS
6 40 (1.01%) Mac OS X
7 38 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.30%) VMS
10 10 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 8 (0.20%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.15%) CentOS
12 6 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.10%) Solaris
14 3 (0.076%) AIX
15 2 (0.051%) Nucleus RTOS
15 2 (0.051%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.051%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.051%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.051%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,064 (77.71%) TDD
2 3,052 (77.40%) Agile Software Development
3 1,337 (33.91%) Scrum
4 1,331 (33.76%) Test Automation
5 981 (24.88%) Continuous Integration
6 840 (21.30%) Microservices
7 704 (17.85%) DevOps
8 694 (17.60%) Kanban
9 609 (15.45%) MVC
10 499 (12.66%) Software Engineering
11 493 (12.50%) Pair Programming
12 461 (11.69%) Unit Testing
13 412 (10.45%) OO
14 371 (9.41%) E-Commerce
15 358 (9.08%) Continuous Delivery
16 306 (7.76%) Open Source
17 302 (7.66%) User Stories
18 282 (7.15%) Mentoring
19 260 (6.59%) SDLC
20 250 (6.34%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,918 (48.64%) Java
2 1,279 (32.44%) JavaScript
3 883 (22.39%) C#
4 778 (19.73%) SQL
5 532 (13.49%) Java 8
6 304 (7.71%) Scala
7 300 (7.61%) Python
8 203 (5.15%) TypeScript
9 180 (4.57%) ES6
10 165 (4.18%) Ruby
11 162 (4.11%) Groovy
12 114 (2.89%) T-SQL
13 86 (2.18%) Bash Shell
14 84 (2.13%) Apple Swift
15 74 (1.88%) PHP
16 73 (1.85%) PowerShell
17 71 (1.80%) Shell Script
18 59 (1.50%) Kotlin
19 58 (1.47%) C++
20 52 (1.32%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 272 (6.90%) Security Cleared
2 225 (5.71%) SC Cleared
3 159 (4.03%) Degree
4 95 (2.41%) ISTQB
5 80 (2.03%) ISEB
6 50 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 35 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
8 23 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 12 (0.30%) AWS Certification
9 12 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
9 12 (0.30%) Master's Degree
10 11 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
11 7 (0.18%) DBS Check
11 7 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 5 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.13%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.076%) BC Cleared
13 3 (0.076%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.076%) PMP
13 3 (0.076%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 486 (12.33%) QA
2 64 (1.62%) GCP
3 16 (0.41%) PMO
4 15 (0.38%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.33%) GDPR
6 11 (0.28%) WCAG
7 8 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
7 8 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.15%) EMIR
8 6 (0.15%) MiFID
9 5 (0.13%) PSD2
10 2 (0.051%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.051%) WAI
11 1 (0.025%) SEPA
11 1 (0.025%) SLA
System Software
1 579 (14.68%) Docker
2 58 (1.47%) HDFS
3 52 (1.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 38 (0.96%) vSphere
5 35 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.25%) VirtualBox
7 9 (0.23%) Active Directory
7 9 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.076%) QEMU
8 3 (0.076%) vCloud
9 2 (0.051%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.051%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.051%) XenApp
10 1 (0.025%) IAG
Systems Management
1 243 (6.16%) Kubernetes
2 224 (5.68%) Ansible
3 180 (4.57%) Puppet
4 134 (3.40%) Terraform
5 84 (2.13%) Opscode Chef
6 52 (1.32%) Kibana
7 43 (1.09%) Hadoop YARN
7 43 (1.09%) Mesos
8 41 (1.04%) Grafana
9 32 (0.81%) Packer
10 31 (0.79%) logstash
11 29 (0.74%) Cobbler
12 27 (0.68%) Nagios
13 25 (0.63%) Consul
14 19 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
15 16 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
16 11 (0.28%) Graylog
16 11 (0.28%) HAProxy
16 11 (0.28%) HP ALM
17 10 (0.25%) Marathon
Vendors
1 275 (6.97%) Microsoft
2 211 (5.35%) Oracle
3 90 (2.28%) Google
4 79 (2.00%) IBM
5 72 (1.83%) Splunk
6 64 (1.62%) Atlassian
7 45 (1.14%) VMware
8 39 (0.99%) Adobe
8 39 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
9 35 (0.89%) MuleSoft
10 34 (0.86%) New Relic
11 33 (0.84%) Red Hat
12 24 (0.61%) HP
13 23 (0.58%) Pega
13 23 (0.58%) Sybase
14 21 (0.53%) AppDynamics
14 21 (0.53%) Apple
14 21 (0.53%) Coverity
14 21 (0.53%) SAP
15 20 (0.51%) TIBCO