Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 77 49 52
Rank change year-on-year -28 +3 +9
Contract jobs citing BDD 2,206 4,180 3,830
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.88% 4.43% 4.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.34% 5.09% 4.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,642 3,139 2,998
England median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £350
90th Percentile £650 £625 £619
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 9 7
England median hourly rate £77.75 £32.50 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +139.23% -1.52% -27.47%
10th Percentile £43.53 £18.65 £31.50
90th Percentile £112.18 £48.00 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £33.75 £33.00
% change year-on-year +3.70% +2.27% -26.67%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,985 82,098 80,556
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.29% 86.94% 86.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,713 54,993 54,082
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,029 2,093 1,911
England median hourly rate £24.00 £22.00 £23.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.93% +1.34%
10th Percentile £11.90 £11.41 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +7.95% -4.35% +2.22%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 1,338 £550 +4.76% 225
South East -56 266 £453 -7.18% 109
North of England -49 224 £438 +2.94% 118
Midlands -1 155 £469 +4.17% 53
South West -29 126 £439 +0.29% 51
West Midlands -2 108 £475 +5.50% 33
Yorkshire -13 103 £425 - 45
East of England +24 98 £450 -16.28% 45
North West -73 89 £450 +2.86% 62
East Midlands -4 41 £425 +6.18% 20
North East -22 31 £425 +8.42% 11
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,728 (78.33%) TDD
2 1,695 (76.84%) Agile Software Development
3 872 (39.53%) Java
4 762 (34.54%) Scrum
5 757 (34.32%) JavaScript
6 702 (31.82%) Test Automation
7 589 (26.70%) Microservices
8 573 (25.97%) C#
9 527 (23.89%) DevOps
10 499 (22.62%) Jenkins
11 497 (22.53%) Git (software)
12 480 (21.76%) AWS
13 476 (21.58%) Azure
14 473 (21.44%) Continuous Integration
15 451 (20.44%) .NET
16 419 (18.99%) Selenium
17 408 (18.50%) SQL
18 388 (17.59%) Kanban
19 376 (17.04%) AngularJS
20 370 (16.77%) HTML
21 367 (16.64%) Web Services
22 358 (16.23%) CSS
23 352 (15.96%) Cucumber
24 340 (15.41%) Spring
25 337 (15.28%) RESTful
26 334 (15.14%) React
27 330 (14.96%) Docker
28 326 (14.78%) Finance
29 316 (14.32%) JIRA
30 309 (14.01%) Node.js

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 171 (7.75%) Confluence
2 95 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (1.99%) Apache Spark
4 43 (1.95%) Tomcat
5 34 (1.54%) Apache
6 32 (1.45%) SharePoint
7 26 (1.18%) CMS
8 20 (0.91%) WebSphere
9 18 (0.82%) Sitecore CMS
9 18 (0.82%) Umbraco
10 15 (0.68%) IIS
11 14 (0.63%) JBoss
12 11 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.45%) Jetty
13 10 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
14 9 (0.41%) Apache Solr
14 9 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
15 8 (0.36%) Mattermost
16 7 (0.32%) Magnolia
17 6 (0.27%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 18 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.77%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.23%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.18%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.045%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.045%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 21 (0.95%) Magento
2 17 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.36%) BusinessWorks
3 8 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.091%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.091%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.045%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.045%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.045%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.045%) Shopify
6 1 (0.045%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 480 (21.76%) AWS
2 476 (21.58%) Azure
3 107 (4.85%) Serverless
4 103 (4.67%) Amazon EC2
5 98 (4.44%) GitHub
6 67 (3.04%) AWS Lambda
7 60 (2.72%) Amazon SQS
8 51 (2.31%) GCP
9 43 (1.95%) PaaS
10 39 (1.77%) OpenShift
11 37 (1.68%) BrowserStack
12 33 (1.50%) Azure Functions
13 28 (1.27%) Power Platform
14 25 (1.13%) Amazon ECS
14 25 (1.13%) Sauce Labs
15 23 (1.04%) Amazon S3
16 20 (0.91%) Azure Data Factory
17 18 (0.82%) Azure Active Directory
18 17 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
19 14 (0.63%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 61 (2.77%) HTTP
2 47 (2.13%) Internet
3 33 (1.50%) DNS
4 12 (0.54%) SSL
4 12 (0.54%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.50%) FTP
6 7 (0.32%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.27%) Firewall
8 5 (0.23%) DSL
9 4 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.14%) PuTTY
10 3 (0.14%) WinSCP
10 3 (0.14%) Wireless
10 3 (0.14%) Wireshark
11 2 (0.091%) AMQP
11 2 (0.091%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.091%) Intranet
11 2 (0.091%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (0.091%) SSH
12 1 (0.045%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 231 (10.47%) SQL Server
2 155 (7.03%) PostgreSQL
3 142 (6.44%) MongoDB
4 132 (5.98%) NoSQL
5 116 (5.26%) MySQL
6 74 (3.35%) Relational Database
7 67 (3.04%) Big Data
8 57 (2.58%) Hadoop
9 51 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
10 43 (1.95%) Cosmos DB
11 38 (1.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 34 (1.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 30 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
14 29 (1.31%) Azure SQL Database
15 28 (1.27%) Oracle Database
15 28 (1.27%) Power BI
16 25 (1.13%) Redis
17 24 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 23 (1.04%) HBase
19 20 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 499 (22.62%) Jenkins
2 497 (22.53%) Git (software)
3 419 (18.99%) Selenium
4 352 (15.96%) Cucumber
5 316 (14.32%) JIRA
6 202 (9.16%) Maven
7 159 (7.21%) JUnit
8 140 (6.35%) SpecFlow
9 135 (6.12%) Mockito
10 118 (5.35%) WebDriver
11 107 (4.85%) SonarQube
11 107 (4.85%) TeamCity
12 95 (4.31%) JMeter
13 85 (3.85%) Jasmine
14 74 (3.35%) Gradle
15 70 (3.17%) SoapUI
16 69 (3.13%) Team Foundation Server
17 68 (3.08%) DbUnit
18 67 (3.04%) jMock
19 58 (2.63%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 326 (14.78%) Finance
2 195 (8.84%) Banking
3 108 (4.90%) Public Sector
4 83 (3.76%) Retail
5 82 (3.72%) Front Office
6 65 (2.95%) Marketing
7 50 (2.27%) Investment Banking
8 37 (1.68%) Games
9 35 (1.59%) Law
9 35 (1.59%) Military
10 27 (1.22%) Legal
11 25 (1.13%) Telecoms
12 18 (0.82%) Financial Institution
13 10 (0.45%) Advertising
14 8 (0.36%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.36%) Publishing
15 7 (0.32%) Back Office
16 6 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.27%) Retail Banking
17 1 (0.045%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,372 (62.19%) Developer
2 420 (19.04%) Java Developer
3 228 (10.34%) Senior Developer
4 209 (9.47%) .NET Developer
5 186 (8.43%) React Developer
6 179 (8.11%) Analyst
7 171 (7.75%) C# Developer
8 157 (7.12%) Full Stack Developer
9 141 (6.39%) Tester
10 105 (4.76%) Automation Tester
11 101 (4.58%) Test Engineer
12 100 (4.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 95 (4.31%) Angular Developer
14 94 (4.26%) JavaScript Developer
15 90 (4.08%) Business Analyst
16 83 (3.76%) Software Developer
17 79 (3.58%) C# .NET Developer
17 79 (3.58%) Senior Java Developer
18 78 (3.54%) Python Developer
19 76 (3.45%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 451 (20.44%) .NET
2 376 (17.04%) AngularJS
3 370 (16.77%) HTML
4 367 (16.64%) Web Services
5 358 (16.23%) CSS
6 340 (15.41%) Spring
7 337 (15.28%) RESTful
8 334 (15.14%) React
9 309 (14.01%) Node.js
10 302 (13.69%) REST
11 243 (11.02%) SOAP
12 206 (9.34%) Spring Boot
13 179 (8.11%) ASP.NET
14 166 (7.52%) .NET Core
15 153 (6.94%) HTML5
16 152 (6.89%) Kafka
17 150 (6.80%) Redux
18 144 (6.53%) JSON
19 125 (5.67%) Gherkin
20 123 (5.58%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 167 (7.57%) Greenfield Project
2 135 (6.12%) User Experience
3 115 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
4 79 (3.58%) Mobile App
5 69 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
6 57 (2.58%) Algorithms
7 30 (1.36%) Data Structures
8 27 (1.22%) Derivative
9 24 (1.09%) Cloud Native
10 23 (1.04%) Management Information System
11 19 (0.86%) Blog
11 19 (0.86%) NHS
12 18 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
12 18 (0.82%) W3C
13 17 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 17 (0.77%) Vector Graphics
14 16 (0.73%) Equities
14 16 (0.73%) Self-Motivation
15 15 (0.68%) Public Cloud
16 14 (0.63%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 181 (8.20%) Linux
2 96 (4.35%) Unix
3 88 (3.99%) Android
4 78 (3.54%) Apple iOS
5 58 (2.63%) Windows
6 28 (1.27%) Mac OS X
7 19 (0.86%) Mac OS
8 13 (0.59%) CentOS
8 13 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.45%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.14%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.091%) tvOS
12 2 (0.091%) VMS
13 1 (0.045%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,728 (78.33%) TDD
2 1,695 (76.84%) Agile Software Development
3 762 (34.54%) Scrum
4 702 (31.82%) Test Automation
5 589 (26.70%) Microservices
6 527 (23.89%) DevOps
7 473 (21.44%) Continuous Integration
8 388 (17.59%) Kanban
9 269 (12.19%) MVC
10 263 (11.92%) Software Engineering
11 232 (10.52%) Pair Programming
12 214 (9.70%) E-Commerce
13 202 (9.16%) User Stories
14 184 (8.34%) Front End Development
15 170 (7.71%) Unit Testing
16 156 (7.07%) Open Source
17 147 (6.66%) Problem-Solving
18 144 (6.53%) Continuous Delivery
19 141 (6.39%) OO
20 133 (6.03%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 872 (39.53%) Java
2 757 (34.32%) JavaScript
3 573 (25.97%) C#
4 408 (18.50%) SQL
5 240 (10.88%) Java 8
6 234 (10.61%) Python
7 127 (5.76%) TypeScript
8 110 (4.99%) Scala
9 70 (3.17%) Ruby
10 69 (3.13%) ES6
11 54 (2.45%) PHP
12 52 (2.36%) C
13 49 (2.22%) C++
14 46 (2.09%) T-SQL
15 44 (1.99%) Kotlin
16 31 (1.41%) Groovy
17 29 (1.31%) PowerShell
17 29 (1.31%) Shell Script
18 26 (1.18%) Go
19 22 (1.00%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 242 (10.97%) Security Cleared
2 217 (9.84%) SC Cleared
3 102 (4.62%) Degree
4 45 (2.04%) ISTQB
5 42 (1.90%) ISEB
6 39 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
7 36 (1.63%) DV Cleared
8 19 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 10 (0.45%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.36%) IIBA
11 8 (0.36%) Sun Certification
12 7 (0.32%) OCPJP
13 5 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
14 4 (0.18%) CISA
14 4 (0.18%) CISM
14 4 (0.18%) CISSP
14 4 (0.18%) CRISC
14 4 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 3 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 297 (13.46%) QA
2 9 (0.41%) GDPR
3 6 (0.27%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.18%) WCAG
5 3 (0.14%) PMO
6 2 (0.091%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.091%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.045%) GAMP
7 1 (0.045%) GxP
7 1 (0.045%) HL7
System Software
1 330 (14.96%) Docker
2 36 (1.63%) Postfix
3 35 (1.59%) vSphere
4 34 (1.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (1.36%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.41%) NDS
8 8 (0.36%) HDFS
9 7 (0.32%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 5 (0.23%) Varnish
10 5 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.18%) NFS
12 3 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
13 2 (0.091%) Firmware
14 1 (0.045%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.045%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 218 (9.88%) Kubernetes
2 100 (4.53%) Ansible
3 73 (3.31%) Terraform
4 31 (1.41%) Puppet
5 22 (1.00%) NetIQ Identity Manager
5 22 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
7 13 (0.59%) Kibana
8 11 (0.50%) Control-M
8 11 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
8 11 (0.50%) Mesos
9 10 (0.45%) Cobbler
9 10 (0.45%) Marathon
10 8 (0.36%) MIIS
11 7 (0.32%) Grafana
11 7 (0.32%) logstash
11 7 (0.32%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 6 (0.27%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
14 4 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 140 (6.35%) Microsoft
1 140 (6.35%) Oracle
2 76 (3.45%) Google
3 44 (1.99%) VMware
4 28 (1.27%) Apple
5 26 (1.18%) NetIQ
6 23 (1.04%) IBM
6 23 (1.04%) Xamarin
7 22 (1.00%) ForgeRock
7 22 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
8 21 (0.95%) Atlassian
8 21 (0.95%) Red Hat
9 20 (0.91%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 19 (0.86%) MuleSoft
10 19 (0.86%) Sitecore
11 15 (0.68%) SAP
12 12 (0.54%) hybris
12 12 (0.54%) New Relic
12 12 (0.54%) Splunk
13 11 (0.50%) Pega