Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 61 55 61
Rank change year-on-year -6 +6 +5
Contract jobs citing BDD 3,025 3,776 2,974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.64% 4.13% 3.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.17% 4.76% 4.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,214 2,920 2,238
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £370 £350 £325
90th Percentile £649 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £483 £463
% change year-on-year +3.63% +4.32% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 10 14
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% -7.69% +8.33%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £48.75
% change year-on-year -22.22% -7.69% +5.98%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,500 79,409 72,375
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.33% 86.76% 85.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,147 52,730 47,608
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,943 2,164 1,910
England median hourly rate £25.12 £22.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.18% -12.00% -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.43
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £51.28
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.51 £25.00
% change year-on-year +16.21% -13.95% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 1,810 £525 +3.45% 121
South East +17 447 £463 -2.63% 57
North of England -21 318 £450 +9.09% 68
Midlands -19 192 £450 - 31
North West -5 160 £435 +5.78% 33
East of England +16 141 £485 +2.11% 32
South West -27 117 £475 +15.15% 30
West Midlands -29 115 £475 +5.56% 20
Yorkshire -47 105 £475 +11.76% 30
East Midlands +3 56 £365 -8.75% 11
North East -18 52 £450 +12.50% 5
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,329 (76.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,323 (76.79%) TDD
3 1,311 (43.34%) Java
4 1,072 (35.44%) JavaScript
5 1,010 (33.39%) Test Automation
6 988 (32.66%) Scrum
7 828 (27.37%) Git (software)
8 794 (26.25%) Microservices
9 749 (24.76%) Jenkins
10 739 (24.43%) C#
11 734 (24.26%) Amazon AWS
12 613 (20.26%) DevOps
13 612 (20.23%) .NET
14 595 (19.67%) Continuous Integration
15 592 (19.57%) HTML
16 584 (19.31%) SQL
17 582 (19.24%) Microsoft Azure
18 539 (17.82%) Selenium
19 536 (17.72%) Spring
20 531 (17.55%) JIRA
21 528 (17.45%) CSS
22 516 (17.06%) Docker
23 509 (16.83%) AngularJS
24 507 (16.76%) REST
25 505 (16.69%) Cucumber
26 499 (16.50%) Kanban
27 479 (15.83%) Web Services
28 431 (14.25%) RESTful
29 412 (13.62%) React
30 404 (13.36%) Finance

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 324 (10.71%) Confluence
2 153 (5.06%) Elasticsearch
3 85 (2.81%) Apache Spark
4 68 (2.25%) Apache
5 59 (1.95%) CMS
6 55 (1.82%) Tomcat
7 35 (1.16%) WebSphere
8 30 (0.99%) Apache Solr
8 30 (0.99%) JBoss
9 23 (0.76%) Documentum
10 22 (0.73%) Umbraco
11 21 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
12 19 (0.63%) SharePoint
13 16 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
14 13 (0.43%) nginx
15 12 (0.40%) Jetty
15 12 (0.40%) Magnolia
15 12 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.33%) EPiServer
16 10 (0.33%) Mule
Applications
1 19 (0.63%) MS Visio
2 15 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.26%) InVision
4 6 (0.20%) Adobe XD
5 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.066%) Sketch
9 1 (0.033%) GIMP
9 1 (0.033%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.033%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.033%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 22 (0.73%) Magento
2 7 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.23%) SAP FI
3 5 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
4 4 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.13%) NetSuite
4 4 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.13%) Summit
5 3 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.066%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.033%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.033%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.033%) Fredhopper
7 1 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.033%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 734 (24.26%) Amazon AWS
2 582 (19.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 151 (4.99%) GitHub
4 113 (3.74%) Serverless
5 104 (3.44%) Amazon EC2
6 84 (2.78%) Google Cloud Platform
7 71 (2.35%) PaaS
8 69 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
9 64 (2.12%) Amazon SQS
10 54 (1.79%) SaaS
11 35 (1.16%) Amazon S3
12 34 (1.12%) npm
13 30 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
14 29 (0.96%) Sauce Labs
15 27 (0.89%) Amazon ECS
16 26 (0.86%) Azure Functions
16 26 (0.86%) BrowserStack
17 25 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
18 24 (0.79%) Amazon Kinesis
18 24 (0.79%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 110 (3.64%) HTTP
2 29 (0.96%) Internet
3 24 (0.79%) DNS
4 21 (0.69%) AMQP
4 21 (0.69%) FTP
5 18 (0.60%) SSL
6 16 (0.53%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.30%) Kerberos
7 9 (0.30%) SSH
8 7 (0.23%) LAN
8 7 (0.23%) WAN
9 5 (0.17%) Firewall
10 4 (0.13%) ATM
11 3 (0.099%) ICMP
11 3 (0.099%) Network Security
11 3 (0.099%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.099%) VPN
12 2 (0.066%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.066%) Intranet
12 2 (0.066%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 312 (10.31%) SQL Server
2 264 (8.73%) MongoDB
3 249 (8.23%) NoSQL
4 201 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
5 185 (6.12%) MySQL
6 151 (4.99%) Relational Database
7 122 (4.03%) Big Data
8 96 (3.17%) Hadoop
9 74 (2.45%) Apache Cassandra
9 74 (2.45%) Redis
10 58 (1.92%) Oracle Database
11 53 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
12 51 (1.69%) HBase
13 46 (1.52%) Azure SQL Database
13 46 (1.52%) Cosmos DB
14 44 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
15 38 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 31 (1.02%) RDBMS
17 27 (0.89%) SQL Server 2016
18 26 (0.86%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 828 (27.37%) Git (software)
2 749 (24.76%) Jenkins
3 539 (17.82%) Selenium
4 531 (17.55%) JIRA
5 505 (16.69%) Cucumber
6 284 (9.39%) Maven
7 225 (7.44%) JUnit
8 197 (6.51%) Mockito
9 196 (6.48%) SpecFlow
10 192 (6.35%) WebDriver
11 171 (5.65%) TeamCity
12 142 (4.69%) JMeter
13 138 (4.56%) Jasmine
14 127 (4.20%) Visual Studio Team System
15 114 (3.77%) SoapUI
16 113 (3.74%) Subversion
17 103 (3.40%) Gradle
18 100 (3.31%) Karma Test Runner
19 96 (3.17%) webpack
20 95 (3.14%) SonarQube
General
1 404 (13.36%) Finance
2 232 (7.67%) Banking
3 129 (4.26%) Retail
4 76 (2.51%) Front Office
5 75 (2.48%) Marketing
6 45 (1.49%) Games
7 42 (1.39%) Financial Institution
8 34 (1.12%) Investment Banking
9 32 (1.06%) Telecoms
10 27 (0.89%) Legal
11 22 (0.73%) Advertising
12 19 (0.63%) Back Office
13 18 (0.60%) Law
13 18 (0.60%) Manufacturing
14 16 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 13 (0.43%) Publishing
16 10 (0.33%) Electronics
16 10 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
17 4 (0.13%) General Ledger
18 3 (0.099%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,899 (62.78%) Developer
2 634 (20.96%) Java Developer
3 286 (9.45%) Senior Developer
4 279 (9.22%) .NET Developer
5 248 (8.20%) Analyst
6 238 (7.87%) Full Stack Developer
7 221 (7.31%) React Developer
8 197 (6.51%) Tester
9 191 (6.31%) C# Developer
10 148 (4.89%) Automation Tester
11 139 (4.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 132 (4.36%) Python Developer
13 123 (4.07%) Senior Java Developer
13 123 (4.07%) Test Analyst
13 123 (4.07%) Test Engineer
14 119 (3.93%) Lead Developer
15 117 (3.87%) Angular Developer
16 114 (3.77%) JavaScript Developer
17 110 (3.64%) C# .NET Developer
18 105 (3.47%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 612 (20.23%) .NET
2 592 (19.57%) HTML
3 536 (17.72%) Spring
4 528 (17.45%) CSS
5 509 (16.83%) AngularJS
6 507 (16.76%) REST
7 479 (15.83%) Web Services
8 431 (14.25%) RESTful
9 412 (13.62%) React
10 350 (11.57%) Node.js
11 300 (9.92%) Spring Boot
12 286 (9.45%) ASP.NET
13 285 (9.42%) SOAP
14 237 (7.83%) HTML5
15 217 (7.17%) JSON
16 216 (7.14%) Redux
17 188 (6.21%) ASP.NET Web API
18 185 (6.12%) .NET Core
19 180 (5.95%) Kafka
20 168 (5.55%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 297 (9.82%) Greenfield Project
2 180 (5.95%) User Experience
3 158 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
4 83 (2.74%) Enterprise Software
5 79 (2.61%) Mobile App
6 65 (2.15%) Virtual Team
7 46 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
8 45 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
9 40 (1.32%) Algorithms
10 32 (1.06%) Hedge funds
11 31 (1.02%) Public Cloud
12 23 (0.76%) Data Structures
13 22 (0.73%) Cloud Native
13 22 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 20 (0.66%) NHS
15 16 (0.53%) Reinsurance
16 15 (0.50%) Management Information System
16 15 (0.50%) W3C
17 14 (0.46%) Vector Graphics
18 13 (0.43%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 388 (12.83%) Linux
2 252 (8.33%) Unix
3 102 (3.37%) Mac OS X
4 71 (2.35%) Android
5 65 (2.15%) Apple iOS
6 57 (1.88%) Windows
7 44 (1.45%) CentOS
8 24 (0.79%) VMS
9 17 (0.56%) Ubuntu
10 13 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.30%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.13%) Solaris
13 2 (0.066%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.066%) Windows Server 2003
13 2 (0.066%) Windows XP
14 1 (0.033%) MVS
14 1 (0.033%) tvOS
14 1 (0.033%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.033%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,329 (76.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,323 (76.79%) TDD
3 1,010 (33.39%) Test Automation
4 988 (32.66%) Scrum
5 794 (26.25%) Microservices
6 613 (20.26%) DevOps
7 595 (19.67%) Continuous Integration
8 499 (16.50%) Kanban
9 378 (12.50%) MVC
10 345 (11.40%) Software Engineering
11 321 (10.61%) Pair Programming
12 276 (9.12%) E-Commerce
13 232 (7.67%) User Stories
14 230 (7.60%) OO
15 227 (7.50%) Open Source
16 223 (7.37%) Continuous Deployment
17 221 (7.31%) Continuous Delivery
17 221 (7.31%) Front End Development
17 221 (7.31%) Problem-Solving
18 218 (7.21%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,311 (43.34%) Java
2 1,072 (35.44%) JavaScript
3 739 (24.43%) C#
4 584 (19.31%) SQL
5 383 (12.66%) Python
6 378 (12.50%) Java 8
7 224 (7.40%) TypeScript
8 205 (6.78%) Scala
9 141 (4.66%) ES6
10 117 (3.87%) Ruby
11 64 (2.12%) PHP
12 58 (1.92%) Shell Script
13 57 (1.88%) T-SQL
14 54 (1.79%) Groovy
15 46 (1.52%) Bash Shell
16 42 (1.39%) PowerShell
17 40 (1.32%) Kotlin
18 38 (1.26%) PL/SQL
19 31 (1.02%) Apple Swift
19 31 (1.02%) C++
Qualifications
1 193 (6.38%) Security Cleared
2 147 (4.86%) SC Cleared
3 135 (4.46%) Degree
4 70 (2.31%) ISTQB
5 58 (1.92%) ISEB
6 41 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
7 35 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
8 29 (0.96%) DV Cleared
9 21 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 19 (0.63%) Sun Certification
11 16 (0.53%) OCPJP
12 10 (0.33%) DBS Check
13 8 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
13 8 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
14 6 (0.20%) AWS Certification
15 3 (0.099%) BC Cleared
16 2 (0.066%) ISEB Practitioner
16 2 (0.066%) OCA
16 2 (0.066%) OCAJ
16 2 (0.066%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 403 (13.32%) QA
2 16 (0.53%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.40%) GDPR
4 6 (0.20%) WCAG
5 5 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.17%) SEPA
6 4 (0.13%) PSD2
7 3 (0.099%) PMO
8 2 (0.066%) HL7
8 2 (0.066%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.066%) WAI
9 1 (0.033%) GAMP
9 1 (0.033%) GxP
9 1 (0.033%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 516 (17.06%) Docker
2 42 (1.39%) vSphere
3 40 (1.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.19%) Active Directory
5 34 (1.12%) HDFS
6 17 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 17 (0.56%) Postfix
7 14 (0.46%) Apache Flume
8 6 (0.20%) NDS
8 6 (0.20%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 6 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.13%) Varnish
9 4 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.066%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.066%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.066%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.033%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.033%) Time Sharing Option
11 1 (0.033%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 274 (9.06%) Kubernetes
2 155 (5.12%) Ansible
3 95 (3.14%) Terraform
4 53 (1.75%) Puppet
5 32 (1.06%) Kibana
6 31 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
7 30 (0.99%) Hadoop YARN
8 20 (0.66%) logstash
9 19 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
10 17 (0.56%) Control-M
11 14 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
12 11 (0.36%) Marathon
12 11 (0.36%) Mesos
13 8 (0.26%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 7 (0.23%) Cobbler
14 7 (0.23%) Grafana
14 7 (0.23%) Rancher
15 6 (0.20%) Tivoli
15 6 (0.20%) Tivoli Identity Manager
16 4 (0.13%) Nagios
Vendors
1 192 (6.35%) Oracle
2 135 (4.46%) Microsoft
3 90 (2.98%) Google
4 61 (2.02%) Red Hat
5 50 (1.65%) Atlassian
6 44 (1.45%) VMware
7 40 (1.32%) Splunk
8 39 (1.29%) Xamarin
9 38 (1.26%) IBM
10 34 (1.12%) Pega
11 32 (1.06%) SAP
12 29 (0.96%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 26 (0.86%) New Relic
14 25 (0.83%) Cadence
14 25 (0.83%) hybris
15 23 (0.76%) Sitecore
16 21 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
17 18 (0.60%) Informatica
18 17 (0.56%) HP
19 16 (0.53%) Sun