Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 47 53
Rank change year-on-year -3 +6 +11
Contract jobs citing BDD 3,958 4,041 3,535
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.34% 4.38% 3.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.99% 5.09% 4.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,968 3,228 2,741
England median daily rate £503 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.84% +3.26% +4.84%
10th Percentile £370 £350 £325
90th Percentile £638 £613 £594
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 18
England median hourly rate £32.50 £33.00 £45.87
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.52% -28.06% +22.32%
10th Percentile £21.65 £31.80 £31.60
90th Percentile £34.75 £47.10 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £33.00 £45.87
% change year-on-year +2.27% -28.06% +22.32%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,291 79,414 77,084
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.99% 85.98% 85.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,957 53,601 51,308
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £286 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,954 1,844 2,171
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.14 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.56% -2.57% +5.56%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.93 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +2.17% - -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 2,402 £525 +5.00% 452
South East +14 618 £475 +5.56% 143
North of England -24 403 £450 +5.88% 154
Midlands -9 223 £450 +2.86% 90
South West 0 199 £475 +18.75% 86
North West -11 199 £450 +12.50% 88
West Midlands -11 151 £456 +2.53% 54
Yorkshire -39 141 £475 +11.76% 55
East of England -9 115 £518 +15.00% 41
North East +2 64 £450 +5.88% 11
East Midlands -14 64 £433 +1.76% 36
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,003 (75.87%) Agile Software Development
2 2,954 (74.63%) TDD
3 1,972 (49.82%) Java
4 1,425 (36.00%) Test Automation
5 1,370 (34.61%) JavaScript
6 1,191 (30.09%) Scrum
7 1,114 (28.15%) Git (software)
8 1,047 (26.45%) Jenkins
9 1,006 (25.42%) Microservices
10 1,001 (25.29%) Continuous Integration
11 899 (22.71%) REST
12 888 (22.44%) Spring
13 879 (22.21%) Selenium
14 812 (20.52%) C#
15 804 (20.31%) HTML
16 799 (20.19%) Cucumber
17 765 (19.33%) CSS
18 738 (18.65%) Amazon AWS
19 724 (18.29%) AngularJS
20 722 (18.24%) JIRA
21 716 (18.09%) SQL
22 715 (18.06%) DevOps
23 710 (17.94%) Docker
24 703 (17.76%) .NET
25 685 (17.31%) Web Services
26 680 (17.18%) RESTful
27 659 (16.65%) Kanban
28 605 (15.29%) Finance
29 597 (15.08%) Microsoft Azure
30 578 (14.60%) Node.js

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 465 (11.75%) Confluence
2 173 (4.37%) Elasticsearch
3 128 (3.23%) Apache Spark
4 103 (2.60%) Apache
5 94 (2.37%) Tomcat
6 88 (2.22%) JBoss
7 73 (1.84%) CMS
8 61 (1.54%) MQSeries
9 60 (1.52%) Jetty
10 57 (1.44%) WebSphere
11 41 (1.04%) Apache Solr
12 39 (0.99%) Documentum
13 34 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
14 33 (0.83%) Mule
15 31 (0.78%) WebLogic
16 29 (0.73%) NServiceBus
17 28 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 22 (0.56%) Gunicorn
18 22 (0.56%) SharePoint
19 19 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 32 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.35%) MS Visio
3 11 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.15%) InVision
6 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.076%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.051%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.025%) Mingle
9 1 (0.025%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.35%) Magento
3 8 (0.20%) Endur
4 6 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.13%) Eloqua
6 4 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.051%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.025%) Exstream
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 1 (0.025%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.025%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 738 (18.65%) Amazon AWS
2 597 (15.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 224 (5.66%) GitHub
4 123 (3.11%) Serverless
5 109 (2.75%) Google Cloud Platform
6 84 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
7 82 (2.07%) AWS Lambda
8 72 (1.82%) Slack
9 66 (1.67%) PaaS
10 62 (1.57%) SaaS
11 52 (1.31%) BrowserStack
12 45 (1.14%) Sauce Labs
13 43 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
14 39 (0.99%) npm
15 37 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
16 34 (0.86%) Apigee
17 28 (0.71%) OpenShift
18 27 (0.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 25 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
20 22 (0.56%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 143 (3.61%) HTTP
2 38 (0.96%) Internet
3 37 (0.93%) AMQP
4 20 (0.51%) DNS
4 20 (0.51%) SSL
5 13 (0.33%) Kerberos
5 13 (0.33%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.30%) FTP
7 8 (0.20%) Firewall
8 7 (0.18%) HTTPS
9 5 (0.13%) SSH
10 4 (0.10%) BIG-IP
10 4 (0.10%) Network Security
10 4 (0.10%) VPN
11 3 (0.076%) ICMP
12 2 (0.051%) Skype
13 1 (0.025%) MPLS
13 1 (0.025%) OSPF
13 1 (0.025%) RFID
13 1 (0.025%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 491 (12.41%) NoSQL
2 395 (9.98%) SQL Server
3 353 (8.92%) MongoDB
4 286 (7.23%) Relational Database
5 283 (7.15%) PostgreSQL
6 226 (5.71%) MySQL
7 194 (4.90%) Hadoop
8 174 (4.40%) Apache Cassandra
9 170 (4.30%) Big Data
10 120 (3.03%) HBase
11 67 (1.69%) Couchbase
12 58 (1.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 49 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
13 49 (1.24%) Redis
14 47 (1.19%) RDBMS
15 46 (1.16%) Apache Hive
16 41 (1.04%) Neo4j
17 39 (0.99%) Impala
18 34 (0.86%) Data Lake
19 30 (0.76%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,114 (28.15%) Git (software)
2 1,047 (26.45%) Jenkins
3 879 (22.21%) Selenium
4 799 (20.19%) Cucumber
5 722 (18.24%) JIRA
6 527 (13.31%) Maven
7 381 (9.63%) JUnit
8 316 (7.98%) WebDriver
9 248 (6.27%) JMeter
10 243 (6.14%) SpecFlow
11 216 (5.46%) Subversion
12 210 (5.31%) Mockito
13 183 (4.62%) Gradle
14 169 (4.27%) SoapUI
15 148 (3.74%) Team Foundation Server
16 145 (3.66%) TeamCity
17 139 (3.51%) Visual Studio Team System
18 136 (3.44%) Protractor
19 132 (3.34%) Jasmine
20 124 (3.13%) SonarQube
General
1 605 (15.29%) Finance
2 337 (8.51%) Banking
3 150 (3.79%) Retail
4 88 (2.22%) Front Office
5 72 (1.82%) Games
6 58 (1.47%) Marketing
7 51 (1.29%) Investment Banking
8 50 (1.26%) Telecoms
9 39 (0.99%) Advertising
10 25 (0.63%) Back Office
10 25 (0.63%) Law
11 16 (0.40%) Financial Institution
12 14 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
13 11 (0.28%) Manufacturing
14 10 (0.25%) Legal
14 10 (0.25%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.23%) Publishing
16 6 (0.15%) Automotive
17 5 (0.13%) Digital Economy
18 4 (0.10%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,413 (60.97%) Developer
2 941 (23.77%) Java Developer
3 364 (9.20%) Senior Developer
4 317 (8.01%) .NET Developer
5 307 (7.76%) Analyst
6 277 (7.00%) Tester
7 264 (6.67%) C# Developer
8 252 (6.37%) React Developer
9 231 (5.84%) Full Stack Developer
10 219 (5.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 188 (4.75%) Test Engineer
12 187 (4.72%) Automation Tester
13 185 (4.67%) JavaScript Developer
14 172 (4.35%) Agile Developer
15 158 (3.99%) Angular Developer
15 158 (3.99%) Test Analyst
16 145 (3.66%) Lead Developer
17 142 (3.59%) Senior Java Developer
18 140 (3.54%) AWS Developer
19 137 (3.46%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 899 (22.71%) REST
2 888 (22.44%) Spring
3 804 (20.31%) HTML
4 765 (19.33%) CSS
5 724 (18.29%) AngularJS
6 703 (17.76%) .NET
7 685 (17.31%) Web Services
8 680 (17.18%) RESTful
9 578 (14.60%) Node.js
10 517 (13.06%) React
11 483 (12.20%) Spring Boot
12 379 (9.58%) HTML5
13 362 (9.15%) Hibernate
14 339 (8.56%) JSON
15 285 (7.20%) SOAP
16 256 (6.47%) Kafka
17 227 (5.74%) J2EE
18 225 (5.68%) ASP.NET
19 224 (5.66%) CSS3
20 213 (5.38%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 474 (11.98%) Greenfield Project
2 246 (6.22%) User Experience
3 199 (5.03%) Analytical Skills
4 166 (4.19%) Fintech
5 153 (3.87%) Mobile App
6 72 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
6 72 (1.82%) Virtual Team
7 67 (1.69%) Algorithms
8 61 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
9 56 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 47 (1.19%) Data Structures
11 46 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
12 38 (0.96%) iPad
13 35 (0.88%) Management Information System
14 33 (0.83%) Cloud Native
15 27 (0.68%) Equities
16 25 (0.63%) Reference Data
17 23 (0.58%) Video\Live Streaming
18 22 (0.56%) Derivative
19 19 (0.48%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 411 (10.38%) Linux
2 229 (5.79%) Unix
3 125 (3.16%) Android
4 107 (2.70%) Apple iOS
5 102 (2.58%) Windows
6 42 (1.06%) Mac OS X
7 35 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 19 (0.48%) VMS
9 9 (0.23%) CentOS
9 9 (0.23%) Solaris
10 7 (0.18%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
11 5 (0.13%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.076%) Android TV
12 3 (0.076%) tvOS
12 3 (0.076%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.051%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.025%) Tizen
14 1 (0.025%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,003 (75.87%) Agile Software Development
2 2,954 (74.63%) TDD
3 1,425 (36.00%) Test Automation
4 1,191 (30.09%) Scrum
5 1,006 (25.42%) Microservices
6 1,001 (25.29%) Continuous Integration
7 715 (18.06%) DevOps
8 659 (16.65%) Kanban
9 492 (12.43%) Software Engineering
10 481 (12.15%) MVC
11 427 (10.79%) Pair Programming
12 377 (9.53%) Unit Testing
13 369 (9.32%) OO
14 352 (8.89%) Continuous Delivery
15 340 (8.59%) User Stories
16 319 (8.06%) E-Commerce
17 312 (7.88%) Front End Development
18 300 (7.58%) Open Source
19 285 (7.20%) SDLC
20 281 (7.10%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,972 (49.82%) Java
2 1,370 (34.61%) JavaScript
3 812 (20.52%) C#
4 716 (18.09%) SQL
5 534 (13.49%) Java 8
6 350 (8.84%) Python
7 268 (6.77%) Scala
8 199 (5.03%) TypeScript
9 184 (4.65%) ES6
10 134 (3.39%) Ruby
11 98 (2.48%) PHP
12 88 (2.22%) PL/SQL
13 83 (2.10%) Groovy
14 74 (1.87%) Shell Script
15 66 (1.67%) T-SQL
16 61 (1.54%) Java 9
17 45 (1.14%) Kotlin
18 42 (1.06%) Apple Swift
19 40 (1.01%) Go
20 29 (0.73%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 223 (5.63%) Security Cleared
2 205 (5.18%) Degree
3 187 (4.72%) SC Cleared
4 72 (1.82%) ISTQB
5 65 (1.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 59 (1.49%) ISEB
7 45 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
8 19 (0.48%) DV Cleared
9 14 (0.35%) Master's Degree
10 12 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
10 12 (0.30%) Sun Certification
11 11 (0.28%) AWS Certification
12 10 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.13%) DBS Check
13 5 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 3 (0.076%) BC Cleared
14 3 (0.076%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.076%) ISEB Practitioner
14 3 (0.076%) OCPJP
15 2 (0.051%) OCAJ
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 553 (13.97%) QA
2 38 (0.96%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.66%) WCAG
4 16 (0.40%) PMO
5 9 (0.23%) MiFID
6 7 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
7 6 (0.15%) GDPR
8 5 (0.13%) EMIR
8 5 (0.13%) HL7
9 4 (0.10%) PSD2
10 3 (0.076%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.025%) WAI
System Software
1 710 (17.94%) Docker
2 70 (1.77%) HDFS
3 57 (1.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (1.44%) vSphere
4 47 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 16 (0.40%) Active Directory
6 9 (0.23%) Apache Flume
7 5 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
7 5 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.076%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.051%) vCloud
10 1 (0.025%) IAG
10 1 (0.025%) LXC
Systems Management
1 277 (7.00%) Kubernetes
2 249 (6.29%) Ansible
3 146 (3.69%) Puppet
4 123 (3.11%) Terraform
5 100 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (1.57%) Hadoop YARN
7 56 (1.41%) Kibana
8 53 (1.34%) Cobbler
9 39 (0.99%) logstash
10 29 (0.73%) Grafana
11 24 (0.61%) Nessus
12 16 (0.40%) Oozie
13 15 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
13 15 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
14 8 (0.20%) Mesos
14 8 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.18%) ITRS Geneos
15 7 (0.18%) Rancher
16 6 (0.15%) Prometheus
16 6 (0.15%) rkt
Vendors
1 232 (5.86%) Oracle
2 203 (5.13%) Microsoft
3 148 (3.74%) Google
4 82 (2.07%) Atlassian
5 72 (1.82%) Splunk
6 62 (1.57%) VMware
7 56 (1.41%) IBM
8 48 (1.21%) Pega
9 40 (1.01%) hybris
10 32 (0.81%) Sybase
11 30 (0.76%) Adobe
12 29 (0.73%) Cloudera
13 23 (0.58%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 23 (0.58%) Talend
14 21 (0.53%) AppDynamics
14 21 (0.53%) Apple
15 20 (0.51%) TIBCO
16 19 (0.48%) Perforce
16 19 (0.48%) SAP
17 17 (0.43%) Salesforce.com