Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 78 68 54
Rank change year-on-year -10 -14 +7
Contract jobs citing BDD 929 2,823 3,932
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.97% 3.40% 4.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.44% 3.90% 4.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 685 2,085 3,049
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £370 £370 £355
90th Percentile £650 £650 £613
UK median daily rate £520 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.67% -23.08%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - -6.67% -23.08%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,992 72,424 81,493
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.39% 87.15% 86.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,161 48,167 54,232
Median daily rate £488 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 942 2,004 2,194
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +16.28% -6.81%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.85 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £21.37
% change year-on-year +42.86% +14.66% -10.97%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in England.

Daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing BDD in England.

Hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 557 £550 - 161
North of England +20 151 £525 +20.69% 51
Yorkshire +36 83 £525 +10.53% 25
South East -33 65 £475 +2.70% 61
East of England +17 64 £475 +5.56% 16
South West +44 58 £475 +2.70% 40
North West +4 51 £500 +15.74% 22
Midlands -37 29 £425 -5.56% 37
West Midlands -27 21 £432 -9.05% 25
North East +13 17 £500 +17.65% 4
East Midlands +6 8 £423 +16.55% 12
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 712 (76.64%) Agile Software Development
2 684 (73.63%) TDD
3 502 (54.04%) Java
4 377 (40.58%) Test Automation
5 330 (35.52%) Microservices
6 308 (33.15%) AWS
7 265 (28.53%) Azure
8 255 (27.45%) Scrum
9 239 (25.73%) Docker
10 235 (25.30%) JavaScript
11 226 (24.33%) DevOps
12 220 (23.68%) Security Cleared
13 201 (21.64%) Cucumber
14 192 (20.67%) Jenkins
15 186 (20.02%) JIRA
16 181 (19.48%) SQL
17 178 (19.16%) Java 8
18 173 (18.62%) Continuous Integration
19 172 (18.51%) SC Cleared
19 172 (18.51%) Kubernetes
20 168 (18.08%) Pair Programming
21 163 (17.55%) REST
22 162 (17.44%) Git (software)
23 154 (16.58%) Selenium
24 152 (16.36%) C#
25 141 (15.18%) Spring
26 135 (14.53%) Kanban
27 133 (14.32%) Public Sector
28 131 (14.10%) Python
29 126 (13.56%) QA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (11.19%) Confluence
2 28 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (2.05%) Apache Spark
4 16 (1.72%) Mule
4 16 (1.72%) WebLogic
5 15 (1.61%) JBoss
6 13 (1.40%) Apache
7 10 (1.08%) SharePoint
8 9 (0.97%) CMS
8 9 (0.97%) Tomcat
9 8 (0.86%) Red Hat Fuse
10 5 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (0.54%) Headless CMS
11 4 (0.43%) IIS
11 4 (0.43%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.32%) Oracle Workflow
13 2 (0.22%) Oracle Spatial
13 2 (0.22%) WordPress
Applications
1 14 (1.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.65%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (1.18%) Teamcenter
2 9 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.32%) Summit
4 2 (0.22%) Magento
4 2 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.22%) SAP FI-CA
5 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.11%) Shopify
5 1 (0.11%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 308 (33.15%) AWS
2 265 (28.53%) Azure
3 52 (5.60%) Amazon EC2
4 48 (5.17%) GitHub
5 44 (4.74%) Serverless
6 43 (4.63%) GCP
7 32 (3.44%) Amazon S3
8 29 (3.12%) AWS Lambda
9 24 (2.58%) OpenShift
10 22 (2.37%) SaaS
11 18 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
12 16 (1.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 13 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
14 12 (1.29%) npm
15 11 (1.18%) Amazon Cognito
15 11 (1.18%) Amazon EKS
15 11 (1.18%) Amazon EMR
15 11 (1.18%) BrowserStack
16 10 (1.08%) AWS CodePipeline
16 10 (1.08%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.91%) HTTP
2 9 (0.97%) Skype
3 6 (0.65%) Internet
3 6 (0.65%) SSL
3 6 (0.65%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.54%) FTP
5 3 (0.32%) DNS
6 2 (0.22%) LAN
7 1 (0.11%) AMQP
7 1 (0.11%) SSH
7 1 (0.11%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (12.38%) MongoDB
2 62 (6.67%) SQL Server
3 47 (5.06%) NoSQL
4 46 (4.95%) MySQL
5 40 (4.31%) PostgreSQL
6 37 (3.98%) Relational Database
7 17 (1.83%) Big Data
7 17 (1.83%) Hadoop
8 16 (1.72%) Data Lake
9 15 (1.61%) Oracle Database
10 12 (1.29%) RDBMS
11 11 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
11 11 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
12 10 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 9 (0.97%) SQL Server 2019
14 8 (0.86%) HBase
15 7 (0.75%) Cosmos DB
15 7 (0.75%) Redis
16 6 (0.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 6 (0.65%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 201 (21.64%) Cucumber
2 192 (20.67%) Jenkins
3 186 (20.02%) JIRA
4 162 (17.44%) Git (software)
5 154 (16.58%) Selenium
6 74 (7.97%) Mockito
7 63 (6.78%) JMeter
8 61 (6.57%) JUnit
9 59 (6.35%) Maven
10 58 (6.24%) SpecFlow
11 56 (6.03%) GitLab
11 56 (6.03%) SoapUI
12 53 (5.71%) WebDriver
13 44 (4.74%) REST Assured
14 39 (4.20%) Postman
15 38 (4.09%) Bitbucket
16 35 (3.77%) Cypress.io
16 35 (3.77%) Jasmine
17 33 (3.55%) Subversion
18 29 (3.12%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 133 (14.32%) Public Sector
2 116 (12.49%) Finance
3 99 (10.66%) Banking
4 55 (5.92%) Front Office
5 30 (3.23%) Investment Banking
6 18 (1.94%) Retail
7 12 (1.29%) Marketing
8 8 (0.86%) Telecoms
9 7 (0.75%) Legal
10 6 (0.65%) Advertising
11 5 (0.54%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.43%) Electronics
12 4 (0.43%) Law
12 4 (0.43%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.32%) Games
13 3 (0.32%) Publishing
14 2 (0.22%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.22%) Local Government
15 1 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 520 (55.97%) Developer
2 244 (26.26%) Java Developer
3 94 (10.12%) Tester
4 89 (9.58%) Senior Developer
5 71 (7.64%) Automation Tester
6 55 (5.92%) Analyst
7 52 (5.60%) C# Developer
8 51 (5.49%) Senior Java Developer
9 49 (5.27%) Test Engineer
10 46 (4.95%) React Developer
11 45 (4.84%) JavaScript Developer
12 43 (4.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 35 (3.77%) .NET Developer
14 29 (3.12%) Architect
14 29 (3.12%) AWS Developer
14 29 (3.12%) Full Stack Developer
15 28 (3.01%) Business Analyst
16 27 (2.91%) Software Engineer
17 26 (2.80%) QA Engineer
18 25 (2.69%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (17.55%) REST
2 141 (15.18%) Spring
3 125 (13.46%) Node.js
4 123 (13.24%) AngularJS
5 121 (13.02%) HTML
6 116 (12.49%) React
6 116 (12.49%) Web Services
7 112 (12.06%) .NET
8 110 (11.84%) CSS
9 84 (9.04%) SOAP
10 82 (8.83%) Spring Boot
11 75 (8.07%) RESTful
12 69 (7.43%) Gherkin
13 63 (6.78%) ActiveMQ
14 56 (6.03%) JAX-RS
15 53 (5.71%) Redux
15 53 (5.71%) XML
16 42 (4.52%) Kafka
17 41 (4.41%) .NET Core
17 41 (4.41%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 49 (5.27%) Greenfield Project
2 37 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (3.44%) Mobile App
3 32 (3.44%) Public Cloud
4 29 (3.12%) User Experience
5 24 (2.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 20 (2.15%) Data Structures
6 20 (2.15%) Fixed Income
7 16 (1.72%) Derivative
8 15 (1.61%) Cloud Native
8 15 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
9 13 (1.40%) Equities
10 12 (1.29%) NHS
11 11 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
12 10 (1.08%) Client/Server
13 9 (0.97%) Algorithms
13 9 (0.97%) Management Information System
13 9 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (0.86%) Virtual Team
15 5 (0.54%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 107 (11.52%) Unix
2 103 (11.09%) Linux
3 59 (6.35%) Mac OS X
4 23 (2.48%) Windows
5 22 (2.37%) Android
6 14 (1.51%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.11%) CentOS
7 1 (0.11%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 712 (76.64%) Agile Software Development
2 684 (73.63%) TDD
3 377 (40.58%) Test Automation
4 330 (35.52%) Microservices
5 255 (27.45%) Scrum
6 226 (24.33%) DevOps
7 173 (18.62%) Continuous Integration
8 168 (18.08%) Pair Programming
9 135 (14.53%) Kanban
10 106 (11.41%) Continuous Deployment
11 99 (10.66%) Problem-Solving
12 95 (10.23%) Software Engineering
13 80 (8.61%) Web Development
14 79 (8.50%) MVC
15 76 (8.18%) Integration Testing
16 73 (7.86%) Scenario Testing
17 72 (7.75%) E-Commerce
18 68 (7.32%) Responsive Web Design
18 68 (7.32%) Web Design
19 66 (7.10%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 502 (54.04%) Java
2 235 (25.30%) JavaScript
3 181 (19.48%) SQL
4 178 (19.16%) Java 8
5 152 (16.36%) C#
6 131 (14.10%) Python
7 66 (7.10%) TypeScript
8 40 (4.31%) Scala
9 19 (2.05%) Go
10 17 (1.83%) Ruby
11 16 (1.72%) Groovy
12 15 (1.61%) ES6
13 13 (1.40%) PHP
14 11 (1.18%) PowerShell
15 10 (1.08%) T-SQL
16 9 (0.97%) C
16 9 (0.97%) Kotlin
16 9 (0.97%) Shell Script
17 8 (0.86%) C++
17 8 (0.86%) VB
Qualifications
1 220 (23.68%) Security Cleared
2 172 (18.51%) SC Cleared
3 50 (5.38%) ISTQB
4 43 (4.63%) ISEB
5 26 (2.80%) DV Cleared
6 24 (2.58%) BPSS Clearance
7 22 (2.37%) Degree
8 20 (2.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 11 (1.18%) DBS Check
10 7 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.75%) OCPJP
10 7 (0.75%) Sun Certification
11 6 (0.65%) AWS Certification
11 6 (0.65%) Computer Science Degree
12 3 (0.32%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.32%) OCP
12 3 (0.32%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.22%) IIBA
13 2 (0.22%) Master's Degree
14 1 (0.11%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (13.56%) QA
2 8 (0.86%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.75%) GDPR
4 6 (0.65%) PMO
5 3 (0.32%) EMIR
5 3 (0.32%) MiFID
5 3 (0.32%) WCAG
6 1 (0.11%) IFRS
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.11%) PSD2
6 1 (0.11%) SEPA
System Software
1 239 (25.73%) Docker
2 10 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.86%) NDS
3 8 (0.86%) NetIQ eDirectory
3 8 (0.86%) vSphere
4 6 (0.65%) HDFS
4 6 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.54%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 172 (18.51%) Kubernetes
2 48 (5.17%) Terraform
3 21 (2.26%) Ansible
4 14 (1.51%) NetIQ Identity Manager
5 8 (0.86%) Rancher
6 7 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.75%) Tivoli
7 5 (0.54%) HP ALM
7 5 (0.54%) Puppet
8 4 (0.43%) Grafana
9 3 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.22%) Mesos
10 2 (0.22%) Nessus
10 2 (0.22%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 2 (0.22%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 1 (0.11%) Control-M
11 1 (0.11%) Kibana
11 1 (0.11%) Marathon
11 1 (0.11%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 66 (7.10%) Oracle
2 53 (5.71%) Microsoft
3 38 (4.09%) Google
4 19 (2.05%) Atlassian
5 16 (1.72%) SAP
6 15 (1.61%) NetIQ
7 12 (1.29%) ForgeRock
8 11 (1.18%) Sybase
9 9 (0.97%) IBM
9 9 (0.97%) Murex
9 9 (0.97%) webMethods
10 8 (0.86%) VMware
11 7 (0.75%) Novell
11 7 (0.75%) Splunk
11 7 (0.75%) Sun
12 5 (0.54%) HP
12 5 (0.54%) hybris
12 5 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
13 4 (0.43%) Ariba
13 4 (0.43%) Red Hat