Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 49 50 59
Rank change year-on-year +1 +9 +10
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,139 3,846 3,559
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.42% 4.10% 3.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.12% 4.77% 4.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,109 3,013 2,805
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £625 £619 £594
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 7 14
England median hourly rate £32.50 £33.00 £45.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.52% -27.47% +21.33%
10th Percentile £18.65 £31.50 £31.40
90th Percentile £48.00 £48.75 £49.18
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £33.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +2.27% -26.67% +20.00%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,882 80,687 83,888
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.38% 85.93% 85.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,167 54,188 55,835
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £648 £638 £610
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,057 1,917 2,252
England median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +2.17% +4.55%
10th Percentile £11.44 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 2,480 £525 +5.00% 450
South East +21 641 £488 +11.43% 150
North of England 0 498 £425 +1.19% 139
Midlands +7 243 £450 +5.88% 74
North West +8 229 £438 +9.38% 68
Yorkshire -11 179 £425 - 55
South West -10 172 £438 +12.90% 88
West Midlands +3 167 £451 +6.00% 50
East of England -14 108 £538 +19.44% 64
North East +29 91 £392 -7.76% 16
East Midlands +14 72 £400 -5.82% 24
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,149 (76.08%) Agile Software Development
2 3,142 (75.91%) TDD
3 2,072 (50.06%) Java
4 1,383 (33.41%) Test Automation
5 1,371 (33.12%) JavaScript
6 1,317 (31.82%) Scrum
7 1,160 (28.03%) Git (software)
8 1,117 (26.99%) Jenkins
9 1,048 (25.32%) Continuous Integration
10 1,002 (24.21%) Microservices
11 943 (22.78%) Spring
12 888 (21.45%) REST
13 887 (21.43%) Selenium
14 848 (20.49%) C#
15 811 (19.59%) HTML
16 803 (19.40%) Cucumber
17 798 (19.28%) CSS
18 771 (18.63%) SQL
19 763 (18.43%) .NET
20 743 (17.95%) Amazon AWS
21 739 (17.85%) Kanban
22 721 (17.42%) Docker
23 713 (17.23%) AngularJS
24 709 (17.13%) JIRA
25 707 (17.08%) DevOps
26 697 (16.84%) RESTful
27 694 (16.77%) Web Services
28 641 (15.49%) Finance
29 622 (15.03%) Node.js
30 607 (14.67%) Microsoft Azure

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 431 (10.41%) Confluence
2 175 (4.23%) Elasticsearch
3 146 (3.53%) Apache Spark
4 118 (2.85%) Apache
5 109 (2.63%) JBoss
6 93 (2.25%) Tomcat
7 77 (1.86%) Jetty
8 74 (1.79%) CMS
9 63 (1.52%) MQSeries
10 52 (1.26%) NServiceBus
11 48 (1.16%) Apache Solr
12 45 (1.09%) WebSphere
13 38 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
13 38 (0.92%) Mule
14 37 (0.89%) WebLogic
15 34 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 31 (0.75%) Documentum
17 19 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 17 (0.41%) Gunicorn
18 17 (0.41%) SharePoint
Applications
1 23 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.24%) Chatbot
3 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.17%) InVision
4 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.097%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.097%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.072%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.048%) GIMP
8 2 (0.048%) S-PLUS
9 1 (0.024%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 23 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.24%) Magento
3 7 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.17%) Endur
3 7 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 6 (0.14%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.048%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 2 (0.048%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.048%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.048%) Summit
6 1 (0.024%) Exstream
6 1 (0.024%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.024%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.024%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 743 (17.95%) Amazon AWS
2 607 (14.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 203 (4.90%) GitHub
4 115 (2.78%) Serverless
5 110 (2.66%) Google Cloud Platform
6 84 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
7 73 (1.76%) Slack
8 62 (1.50%) BrowserStack
9 58 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
10 56 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
11 47 (1.14%) SaaS
11 47 (1.14%) Sauce Labs
12 45 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
13 43 (1.04%) PaaS
14 35 (0.85%) Apigee
15 34 (0.82%) npm
16 29 (0.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 26 (0.63%) Heroku
18 23 (0.56%) IaaS
19 18 (0.43%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 125 (3.02%) HTTP
2 47 (1.14%) Internet
3 42 (1.01%) AMQP
4 21 (0.51%) SSL
5 20 (0.48%) Kerberos
6 17 (0.41%) DNS
6 17 (0.41%) TCP/IP
7 14 (0.34%) FTP
8 13 (0.31%) HTTPS
9 8 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (0.097%) Firewall
11 3 (0.072%) BIG-IP
12 2 (0.048%) LAN
12 2 (0.048%) Network Security
12 2 (0.048%) PuTTY
12 2 (0.048%) Skype
12 2 (0.048%) WinSCP
13 1 (0.024%) FIX Connectivity
13 1 (0.024%) MQTT
13 1 (0.024%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 515 (12.44%) NoSQL
2 395 (9.54%) SQL Server
3 354 (8.55%) MongoDB
4 323 (7.80%) PostgreSQL
5 246 (5.94%) MySQL
6 237 (5.73%) Relational Database
7 218 (5.27%) Hadoop
8 196 (4.74%) Big Data
9 163 (3.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 121 (2.92%) HBase
11 71 (1.72%) Couchbase
12 54 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 49 (1.18%) Apache Hive
14 46 (1.11%) Azure SQL Database
15 43 (1.04%) RDBMS
16 42 (1.01%) Redis
17 35 (0.85%) Amazon Redshift
18 32 (0.77%) Impala
18 32 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 30 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,160 (28.03%) Git (software)
2 1,117 (26.99%) Jenkins
3 887 (21.43%) Selenium
4 803 (19.40%) Cucumber
5 709 (17.13%) JIRA
6 556 (13.43%) Maven
7 387 (9.35%) JUnit
8 313 (7.56%) WebDriver
9 245 (5.92%) SpecFlow
10 241 (5.82%) JMeter
11 201 (4.86%) Mockito
12 188 (4.54%) Subversion
13 176 (4.25%) Gradle
14 175 (4.23%) SoapUI
15 140 (3.38%) TeamCity
16 130 (3.14%) Team Foundation Server
17 128 (3.09%) SonarQube
18 115 (2.78%) Protractor
19 109 (2.63%) Jasmine
20 106 (2.56%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 641 (15.49%) Finance
2 363 (8.77%) Banking
3 180 (4.35%) Retail
4 97 (2.34%) Games
5 63 (1.52%) Investment Banking
6 62 (1.50%) Front Office
6 62 (1.50%) Telecoms
7 58 (1.40%) Marketing
8 37 (0.89%) Advertising
9 28 (0.68%) Law
10 27 (0.65%) Back Office
11 26 (0.63%) Publishing
12 15 (0.36%) Financial Institution
13 12 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
13 12 (0.29%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.27%) Legal
15 10 (0.24%) Manufacturing
16 6 (0.14%) Automotive
17 3 (0.072%) Digital Economy
17 3 (0.072%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,582 (62.38%) Developer
2 1,021 (24.67%) Java Developer
3 388 (9.37%) Senior Developer
4 350 (8.46%) .NET Developer
5 307 (7.42%) Analyst
6 305 (7.37%) C# Developer
7 253 (6.11%) Tester
8 241 (5.82%) React Developer
9 200 (4.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 198 (4.78%) Full Stack Developer
11 193 (4.66%) JavaScript Developer
12 180 (4.35%) Automation Tester
13 173 (4.18%) Senior Java Developer
14 172 (4.16%) Agile Developer
15 166 (4.01%) Test Engineer
16 160 (3.87%) Test Analyst
17 159 (3.84%) Angular Developer
18 146 (3.53%) Software Engineer
19 135 (3.26%) C# .NET Developer
20 134 (3.24%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 943 (22.78%) Spring
2 888 (21.45%) REST
3 811 (19.59%) HTML
4 798 (19.28%) CSS
5 763 (18.43%) .NET
6 713 (17.23%) AngularJS
7 697 (16.84%) RESTful
8 694 (16.77%) Web Services
9 622 (15.03%) Node.js
10 508 (12.27%) React
11 497 (12.01%) Spring Boot
12 412 (9.95%) HTML5
13 390 (9.42%) Hibernate
14 350 (8.46%) JSON
15 294 (7.10%) SOAP
16 288 (6.96%) ASP.NET
17 274 (6.62%) Kafka
18 251 (6.06%) J2EE
19 245 (5.92%) CSS3
20 221 (5.34%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 473 (11.43%) Greenfield Project
2 274 (6.62%) User Experience
3 186 (4.49%) Analytical Skills
4 166 (4.01%) Mobile App
5 165 (3.99%) Fintech
6 93 (2.25%) Computer Science
6 93 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
7 76 (1.84%) Algorithms
8 68 (1.64%) iPad
9 65 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
10 52 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 52 (1.26%) Virtual Team
11 51 (1.23%) Data Structures
12 34 (0.82%) Equities
13 33 (0.80%) Management Information System
14 32 (0.77%) Linux Command Line
15 30 (0.72%) Video\Live Streaming
16 29 (0.70%) Blog
16 29 (0.70%) Derivative
17 28 (0.68%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 463 (11.19%) Linux
2 241 (5.82%) Unix
3 129 (3.12%) Windows
4 115 (2.78%) Apple iOS
5 108 (2.61%) Android
6 36 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 25 (0.60%) Mac OS X
8 19 (0.46%) VMS
9 14 (0.34%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.22%) Solaris
11 8 (0.19%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.14%) CentOS
13 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
14 3 (0.072%) Android TV
14 3 (0.072%) tvOS
14 3 (0.072%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.072%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.024%) Tizen
15 1 (0.024%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,149 (76.08%) Agile Software Development
2 3,142 (75.91%) TDD
3 1,383 (33.41%) Test Automation
4 1,317 (31.82%) Scrum
5 1,048 (25.32%) Continuous Integration
6 1,002 (24.21%) Microservices
7 739 (17.85%) Kanban
8 707 (17.08%) DevOps
9 541 (13.07%) Software Engineering
10 537 (12.97%) MVC
11 471 (11.38%) Pair Programming
12 413 (9.98%) Unit Testing
13 398 (9.62%) OO
14 355 (8.58%) Continuous Delivery
15 353 (8.53%) E-Commerce
16 333 (8.05%) Front End Development
17 324 (7.83%) Open Source
18 323 (7.80%) User Stories
19 285 (6.89%) Mentoring
20 274 (6.62%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 2,072 (50.06%) Java
2 1,371 (33.12%) JavaScript
3 848 (20.49%) C#
4 771 (18.63%) SQL
5 567 (13.70%) Java 8
6 368 (8.89%) Python
7 321 (7.76%) Scala
8 191 (4.61%) TypeScript
9 162 (3.91%) ES6
10 145 (3.50%) Ruby
11 128 (3.09%) Groovy
12 117 (2.83%) PHP
13 94 (2.27%) T-SQL
14 83 (2.01%) PL/SQL
15 68 (1.64%) Apple Swift
16 64 (1.55%) Shell Script
17 63 (1.52%) Java 9
18 55 (1.33%) Go
19 51 (1.23%) Bash Shell
20 47 (1.14%) C++
Qualifications
1 266 (6.43%) Security Cleared
2 227 (5.48%) SC Cleared
3 183 (4.42%) Degree
4 78 (1.88%) ISTQB
5 69 (1.67%) ISEB
6 63 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 47 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
8 15 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 15 (0.36%) Master's Degree
9 14 (0.34%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.31%) AWS Certification
11 8 (0.19%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
12 6 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
13 5 (0.12%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 3 (0.072%) BC Cleared
15 2 (0.048%) CTC Cleared
15 2 (0.048%) IIBA
15 2 (0.048%) PMI Certification
15 2 (0.048%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 561 (13.55%) QA
2 31 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.53%) PMO
3 22 (0.53%) WCAG
4 9 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.14%) GDPR
5 6 (0.14%) MiFID
6 5 (0.12%) EMIR
7 4 (0.097%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.048%) HL7
8 2 (0.048%) PSD2
8 2 (0.048%) WAI
System Software
1 721 (17.42%) Docker
2 63 (1.52%) HDFS
3 56 (1.35%) vSphere
4 55 (1.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 50 (1.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (0.31%) Active Directory
7 11 (0.27%) VirtualBox
8 9 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (0.17%) Apache Flume
10 5 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.097%) vCloud
12 1 (0.024%) IAG
12 1 (0.024%) LXC
Systems Management
1 281 (6.79%) Kubernetes
2 280 (6.76%) Ansible
3 188 (4.54%) Puppet
4 154 (3.72%) Terraform
5 113 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (1.50%) Cobbler
7 61 (1.47%) Hadoop YARN
8 53 (1.28%) Kibana
9 37 (0.89%) logstash
10 35 (0.85%) Grafana
11 21 (0.51%) HP Quality Center
12 20 (0.48%) Mesos
13 19 (0.46%) Nessus
14 18 (0.43%) Oozie
15 17 (0.41%) Packer
16 12 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
17 10 (0.24%) Consul
17 10 (0.24%) Nagios
17 10 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
18 9 (0.22%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 245 (5.92%) Oracle
2 241 (5.82%) Microsoft
3 133 (3.21%) Google
4 81 (1.96%) Atlassian
5 64 (1.55%) VMware
6 61 (1.47%) IBM
7 58 (1.40%) Splunk
8 35 (0.85%) hybris
8 35 (0.85%) Sybase
9 34 (0.82%) Adobe
10 30 (0.72%) Pega
11 27 (0.65%) Apple
11 27 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
12 24 (0.58%) Perfecto Mobile
13 23 (0.56%) Cloudera
13 23 (0.56%) TIBCO
14 22 (0.53%) Talend
15 20 (0.48%) HP
15 20 (0.48%) MuleSoft
16 19 (0.46%) Cypress Semiconductor