Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 49 57 67
Rank change year-on-year +8 +10 +18
Contract jobs citing BDD 3924 3582 3151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.14% 3.66% 3.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.89% 4.35% 3.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 3077 2821 2566
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +0.89%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £311
90th Percentile £613 £594 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 14 5
England median hourly rate £33.00 £45.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.47% +21.33% -
10th Percentile £31.50 £31.40 £27.05
90th Percentile £48.75 £49.18 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -26.67% +20.00% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80305 82432 84439
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.63% 84.16% 81.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 54036 54950 55644
England median daily rate £450 £425 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +0.47% +5.75%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.91% +3.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1882 2137 2504
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.43 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.76% +8.58% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.43 £11.50 £11.26
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2575 £501 +5.37% 315
South East +24 461 £450 +0.84% 98
North of England -3 406 £420 -4.00% 120
Midlands +24 203 £425 +6.18% 34
Yorkshire +10 200 £425 -2.86% 50
North West -28 169 £400 -9.09% 58
East of England -14 151 £445 -8.72% 56
South West +4 146 £400 +12.68% 42
West Midlands +46 135 £425 +6.25% 14
East Midlands -20 68 £425 - 18
North East +12 44 £425 -2.30% 12
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3184 (81.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3100 (79.00%) TDD
3 1862 (47.45%) Java
4 1443 (36.77%) Scrum
5 1325 (33.77%) JavaScript
6 1215 (30.96%) Test Automation
7 1128 (28.75%) Continuous Integration
8 1010 (25.74%) Git (software)
9 857 (21.84%) Microservices
10 837 (21.33%) Cucumber
11 830 (21.15%) C#
12 826 (21.05%) Jenkins
13 821 (20.92%) HTML
14 785 (20.01%) AngularJS
15 743 (18.93%) Kanban
16 731 (18.63%) .NET
17 728 (18.55%) Selenium
18 727 (18.53%) JIRA
19 712 (18.14%) CSS
20 692 (17.64%) RESTful
21 686 (17.48%) Spring
22 682 (17.38%) Web Services
23 670 (17.07%) REST
24 634 (16.16%) MVC
25 605 (15.42%) Finance
25 605 (15.42%) SQL
26 585 (14.91%) DevOps
27 584 (14.88%) Node.js
27 584 (14.88%) Amazon AWS
28 551 (14.04%) React

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 413 (10.52%) Confluence
2 185 (4.71%) Apache Spark
3 169 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
4 97 (2.47%) Apache
4 97 (2.47%) Tomcat
5 92 (2.34%) Apache Solr
6 79 (2.01%) CMS
7 72 (1.83%) JBoss
8 55 (1.40%) NServiceBus
9 41 (1.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 36 (0.92%) Jetty
10 36 (0.92%) WebSphere
11 32 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 32 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
12 25 (0.64%) EPiServer
13 23 (0.59%) Drupal
14 22 (0.56%) WebLogic
15 21 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
16 20 (0.51%) nginx
17 17 (0.43%) Mule
Applications
1 16 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.28%) MS Visio
2 11 (0.28%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.23%) InDesign
4 4 (0.10%) Mingle
5 3 (0.076%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.051%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.051%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.025%) InVision
Business Applications
1 30 (0.76%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.38%) Magento
3 14 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.25%) Endur
5 4 (0.10%) Eloqua
6 3 (0.076%) IntelliMatch
6 3 (0.076%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 2 (0.051%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.025%) BASE24
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle Retail
8 1 (0.025%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 584 (14.88%) Amazon AWS
2 319 (8.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (4.54%) GitHub
4 89 (2.27%) npm
5 62 (1.58%) PaaS
6 58 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
6 58 (1.48%) Slack
7 54 (1.38%) Serverless
8 42 (1.07%) Amazon S3
9 34 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
10 31 (0.79%) Google Cloud Platform
11 28 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
12 23 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
13 21 (0.54%) Google Analytics
13 21 (0.54%) IaaS
14 17 (0.43%) BrowserStack
15 16 (0.41%) BlazeMeter
15 16 (0.41%) Yarn
16 13 (0.33%) Google Play
17 12 (0.31%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 94 (2.40%) HTTP
2 71 (1.81%) Kerberos
3 25 (0.64%) Internet
4 23 (0.59%) SSL
4 23 (0.59%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.23%) AMQP
5 9 (0.23%) LDAP
6 6 (0.15%) DNS
6 6 (0.15%) Firewall
7 5 (0.13%) DSL
7 5 (0.13%) SSH
8 4 (0.10%) Bluetooth
8 4 (0.10%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.10%) Wi-Fi
9 3 (0.076%) FTP
10 2 (0.051%) Skype
10 2 (0.051%) SNA
10 2 (0.051%) Unified Communications
10 2 (0.051%) VPLS
11 1 (0.025%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 529 (13.48%) NoSQL
2 401 (10.22%) MongoDB
3 319 (8.13%) PostgreSQL
4 317 (8.08%) SQL Server
5 312 (7.95%) Big Data
6 310 (7.90%) Hadoop
7 250 (6.37%) MySQL
8 203 (5.17%) Relational Database
9 178 (4.54%) HBase
10 143 (3.64%) Apache Cassandra
11 100 (2.55%) RDBMS
12 66 (1.68%) Apache Hive
13 62 (1.58%) Redis
14 46 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 44 (1.12%) RavenDB
16 35 (0.89%) Oracle Database
17 31 (0.79%) Impala
18 30 (0.76%) Data Warehouse
18 30 (0.76%) DB2
19 26 (0.66%) Endeca
Development Applications
1 1010 (25.74%) Git (software)
2 837 (21.33%) Cucumber
3 826 (21.05%) Jenkins
4 728 (18.55%) Selenium
5 727 (18.53%) JIRA
6 337 (8.59%) Maven
7 319 (8.13%) JUnit
8 284 (7.24%) WebDriver
9 276 (7.03%) SpecFlow
10 244 (6.22%) TeamCity
11 226 (5.76%) Mockito
12 159 (4.05%) Jasmine
13 151 (3.85%) Subversion
14 145 (3.70%) IntelliJ
15 144 (3.67%) gulp
16 141 (3.59%) Gradle
17 130 (3.31%) JMeter
18 122 (3.11%) Octopus Deploy
19 119 (3.03%) webpack
20 114 (2.91%) Grunt
General
1 605 (15.42%) Finance
2 393 (10.02%) Banking
3 190 (4.84%) Retail
4 116 (2.96%) Investment Banking
5 105 (2.68%) Marketing
6 102 (2.60%) Telecoms
7 83 (2.12%) Games
8 76 (1.94%) Publishing
9 63 (1.61%) Manufacturing
10 61 (1.55%) Electronics
11 42 (1.07%) Front Office
12 37 (0.94%) Advertising
13 36 (0.92%) Financial Institution
14 35 (0.89%) Law
15 31 (0.79%) Back Office
16 24 (0.61%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.20%) Automotive
17 8 (0.20%) Legal
17 8 (0.20%) Prime Brokerage
18 4 (0.10%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 2488 (63.40%) Developer
2 843 (21.48%) Java Developer
3 417 (10.63%) Senior Developer
4 341 (8.69%) .NET Developer
5 311 (7.93%) Analyst
6 300 (7.65%) C# Developer
7 280 (7.14%) JavaScript Developer
8 278 (7.08%) Tester
9 245 (6.24%) Full Stack Developer
10 226 (5.76%) Agile Developer
11 208 (5.30%) Automation Tester
12 155 (3.95%) Test Analyst
13 154 (3.92%) C# .NET Developer
14 138 (3.52%) Business Analyst
15 135 (3.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 133 (3.39%) Angular Developer
17 132 (3.36%) Agile Java Developer
18 131 (3.34%) Scala Developer
18 131 (3.34%) Test Engineer
19 130 (3.31%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 821 (20.92%) HTML
2 785 (20.01%) AngularJS
3 731 (18.63%) .NET
4 712 (18.14%) CSS
5 692 (17.64%) RESTful
6 686 (17.48%) Spring
7 682 (17.38%) Web Services
8 670 (17.07%) REST
9 584 (14.88%) Node.js
10 551 (14.04%) React
11 521 (13.28%) HTML5
12 326 (8.31%) Kafka
13 313 (7.98%) CSS3
14 281 (7.16%) Hibernate
15 274 (6.98%) ASP.NET
16 272 (6.93%) Spring Boot
17 265 (6.75%) ASP.NET Web API
18 254 (6.47%) SOAP
19 252 (6.42%) JSON
20 251 (6.40%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 296 (7.54%) Greenfield Project
2 278 (7.08%) User Experience
3 202 (5.15%) Mobile App
4 156 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
5 122 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
6 109 (2.78%) Computer Science
7 102 (2.60%) Fintech
8 90 (2.29%) Virtual Team
9 72 (1.83%) Algorithms
10 57 (1.45%) Data Structures
11 51 (1.30%) iPad
12 46 (1.17%) Blog
13 43 (1.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 38 (0.97%) Public Cloud
15 36 (0.92%) Video on Demand
16 34 (0.87%) Management Information System
17 33 (0.84%) Hedge funds
18 31 (0.79%) Derivative
19 30 (0.76%) Wiki
20 29 (0.74%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 363 (9.25%) Linux
2 188 (4.79%) Unix
3 183 (4.66%) Android
4 165 (4.20%) Apple iOS
5 78 (1.99%) Windows
6 39 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.56%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.28%) CoreOS
9 9 (0.23%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 6 (0.15%) CentOS
12 5 (0.13%) Solaris
13 4 (0.10%) Nucleus RTOS
14 2 (0.051%) Debian
14 2 (0.051%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.051%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.051%) Windows Phone
15 1 (0.025%) Kali Linux
15 1 (0.025%) Mesosphere
15 1 (0.025%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3184 (81.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3100 (79.00%) TDD
3 1443 (36.77%) Scrum
4 1215 (30.96%) Test Automation
5 1128 (28.75%) Continuous Integration
6 857 (21.84%) Microservices
7 743 (18.93%) Kanban
8 634 (16.16%) MVC
9 585 (14.91%) DevOps
10 529 (13.48%) Pair Programming
11 483 (12.31%) Software Engineering
12 405 (10.32%) OO
13 402 (10.24%) User Stories
14 397 (10.12%) E-Commerce
15 350 (8.92%) Unit Testing
16 335 (8.54%) Continuous Delivery
17 326 (8.31%) Open Source
18 290 (7.39%) SDLC
19 261 (6.65%) SOLID
20 254 (6.47%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 1862 (47.45%) Java
2 1325 (33.77%) JavaScript
3 830 (21.15%) C#
4 605 (15.42%) SQL
5 309 (7.87%) Scala
6 306 (7.80%) Python
7 252 (6.42%) Ruby
8 180 (4.59%) ES6
9 147 (3.75%) Groovy
10 101 (2.57%) TypeScript
11 94 (2.40%) Apple Swift
12 79 (2.01%) PHP
13 78 (1.99%) T-SQL
14 77 (1.96%) Objective-C
15 73 (1.86%) Shell Script
16 54 (1.38%) Bash Shell
17 45 (1.15%) Go
18 44 (1.12%) C++
18 44 (1.12%) PL/SQL
19 32 (0.82%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 223 (5.68%) Security Cleared
2 193 (4.92%) Degree
3 160 (4.08%) SC Cleared
4 90 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 80 (2.04%) ISEB
5 80 (2.04%) ISTQB
6 30 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
7 24 (0.61%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.46%) PMI Certification
9 16 (0.41%) DV Cleared
10 15 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 15 (0.38%) PMP
11 13 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
12 11 (0.28%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.10%) ISEB Practitioner
14 3 (0.076%) CISSP
14 3 (0.076%) CITP
14 3 (0.076%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.076%) PhD
14 3 (0.076%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 469 (11.95%) QA
2 21 (0.54%) WCAG
3 14 (0.36%) Data Quality
4 13 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.25%) MiFID
6 7 (0.18%) WAI
7 5 (0.13%) GCP
8 4 (0.10%) SLA
9 3 (0.076%) PSD2
10 2 (0.051%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.051%) EMIR
10 2 (0.051%) PMO
11 1 (0.025%) Basel III
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 14001
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.025%) SEPA
System Software
1 504 (12.84%) Docker
2 108 (2.75%) HDFS
3 80 (2.04%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 21 (0.54%) Apache Flume
5 13 (0.33%) Active Directory
5 13 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.15%) vSphere
8 3 (0.076%) Varnish
9 1 (0.025%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 196 (4.99%) Ansible
2 193 (4.92%) Kubernetes
3 115 (2.93%) Puppet
4 107 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
5 94 (2.40%) Terraform
6 77 (1.96%) Kibana
7 66 (1.68%) Grafana
8 58 (1.48%) logstash
9 28 (0.71%) Cobbler
9 28 (0.71%) Hadoop YARN
10 24 (0.61%) HP Quality Center
11 20 (0.51%) Oozie
12 14 (0.36%) Prometheus
13 11 (0.28%) Control-M
14 10 (0.25%) Nagios
15 9 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
16 8 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
16 8 (0.20%) ZABBIX
17 7 (0.18%) Mesos
18 6 (0.15%) Graphite
Vendors
1 239 (6.09%) Microsoft
2 211 (5.38%) Oracle
3 112 (2.85%) Splunk
4 77 (1.96%) Google
5 76 (1.94%) AppDynamics
6 68 (1.73%) Atlassian
7 63 (1.61%) SAP
8 57 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
9 53 (1.35%) New Relic
10 52 (1.33%) HP
11 48 (1.22%) Xamarin
12 45 (1.15%) Red Hat
13 44 (1.12%) IBM
14 43 (1.10%) Adobe
15 41 (1.04%) Apple
15 41 (1.04%) hybris
16 38 (0.97%) Sitecore
17 29 (0.74%) ATG
18 26 (0.66%) Cloudera
18 26 (0.66%) Hortonworks