The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 3 months to 27 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK / England
3 months to
27 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 61 66 98
Rank change year-on-year +5 +32  
Contract jobs citing BDD 1428 1479 1045
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.45% 3.01% 2.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.14% 3.63% 2.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1088 1190 787
Median daily rate £475 £450 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.55% +10.42%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £340 £325 £319
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 1 0
Median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.94 £47.25 -
% change year-on-year +1.44% -  

BDD is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 34518 40706 39240
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 83.29% 82.96% 79.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 22895 27022 24711
Median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.85% +2.94%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £585
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £396
% change year-on-year +2.50% +1.01%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 862 1004 1154
Median hourly rate £36.50 £37.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.35% +34.54%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £13.00 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £55.00 £48.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.25 £38.50 £30.20
% change year-on-year -5.84% +27.48%  

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing BDD as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 3 months to 27 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 3 months to 27 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 3 months to 27 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 829 £500 +1.52% 263
South East -10 136 £438 +9.37% 65
South West +22 84 £336 -15.93% 48
Yorkshire +14 84 £420 +23.52% 29
North West +4 83 £425 +13.33% 53
East of England +31 81 £500 +31.14% 38
West Midlands +51 63 £450 - 16
North East +5 32 £479 +16.06% 6
East Midlands +19 31 £415 -7.77% 25
Midlands +7 2 - -
BDD
UK

BDD
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2616 (85.05%) Agile Software Development
2 2431 (79.03%) TDD
3 1523 (49.51%) Java
4 1196 (38.88%) Scrum
5 1076 (34.98%) JavaScript
6 744 (24.19%) HTML
7 706 (22.95%) Selenium
8 667 (21.68%) Continuous Integration
9 665 (21.62%) CSS
10 639 (20.77%) C#
11 632 (20.55%) Git (software)
12 622 (20.22%) Cucumber
13 615 (19.99%) AngularJS
14 583 (18.95%) Web Services
15 578 (18.79%) .NET
16 534 (17.36%) Kanban
17 531 (17.26%) Jenkins
18 496 (16.12%) REST
18 496 (16.12%) SQL
19 492 (15.99%) Spring
20 473 (15.38%) Node.js
21 470 (15.28%) JIRA
22 454 (14.76%) Finance
23 434 (14.11%) DevOps
24 433 (14.08%) RESTful
25 432 (14.04%) Test Automation
26 430 (13.98%) QA
26 430 (13.98%) HTML5
26 430 (13.98%) MVC
27 401 (13.04%) Microservices

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (6.34%) Confluence
2 98 (3.19%) Elasticsearch
3 94 (3.06%) Apache Spark
4 76 (2.47%) Tomcat
5 57 (1.85%) CMS
6 49 (1.59%) Apache
7 41 (1.33%) WebLogic
8 35 (1.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 34 (1.11%) WebSphere
10 30 (0.98%) Sitecore CMS
11 25 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
12 21 (0.68%) Drupal
12 21 (0.68%) SharePoint
13 20 (0.65%) Mule
14 18 (0.59%) OpenStack
15 17 (0.55%) JBoss
16 16 (0.52%) NServiceBus
17 15 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 14 (0.46%) IIS
19 13 (0.42%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 77 (2.50%) MS Excel
2 18 (0.59%) MS Office
3 10 (0.33%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.26%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.23%) MS Project
6 5 (0.16%) MS PowerPoint
7 2 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.033%) GIMP
8 1 (0.033%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 31 (1.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.98%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 23 (0.75%) Payment Gateway
4 10 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
5 7 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.23%) Endur
6 5 (0.16%) Magento
7 3 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.098%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.033%) CODA-Financials
8 1 (0.033%) FLEXCUBE
8 1 (0.033%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.033%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.033%) Unit4 Business World
8 1 (0.033%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 337 (10.96%) Amazon AWS
2 216 (7.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 123 (4.00%) GitHub
4 59 (1.92%) PaaS
5 51 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
6 44 (1.43%) SaaS
7 32 (1.04%) IaaS
8 24 (0.78%) Slack
9 23 (0.75%) Heroku
10 19 (0.62%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
12 17 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (0.55%) Google Cloud Platform
13 15 (0.49%) Amazon S3
14 13 (0.42%) OpenShift
15 10 (0.33%) Amazon EMR
15 10 (0.33%) AWS CloudFormation
15 10 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 8 (0.26%) CloudBees
17 7 (0.23%) Bluemix
Communications & Networking
1 129 (4.19%) HTTP
2 41 (1.33%) Internet
3 17 (0.55%) AMQP
4 13 (0.42%) LDAP
5 12 (0.39%) PuTTY
5 12 (0.39%) WinSCP
6 10 (0.33%) Intranet
7 9 (0.29%) TCP/IP
8 7 (0.23%) MQTT
9 6 (0.20%) DNS
9 6 (0.20%) RTSP
10 4 (0.13%) Ethernet
10 4 (0.13%) IMAP
10 4 (0.13%) SSH
10 4 (0.13%) VPN
11 3 (0.098%) DMZ
11 3 (0.098%) Firewall
11 3 (0.098%) SNMP
12 2 (0.065%) POP3
12 2 (0.065%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 271 (8.81%) MongoDB
2 269 (8.75%) NoSQL
3 231 (7.51%) SQL Server
4 140 (4.55%) Relational Database
5 138 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
6 133 (4.32%) Big Data
7 124 (4.03%) MySQL
8 112 (3.64%) Hadoop
9 107 (3.48%) Apache Cassandra
10 45 (1.46%) HBase
11 42 (1.37%) SQL Server 2012
12 36 (1.17%) Oracle Database
13 33 (1.07%) Redis
14 29 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 29 (0.94%) RDBMS
15 28 (0.91%) Neo4j
16 27 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
17 22 (0.72%) Oracle Database 10g
18 19 (0.62%) SQL Server 2008
18 19 (0.62%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 706 (22.95%) Selenium
2 632 (20.55%) Git (software)
3 622 (20.22%) Cucumber
4 531 (17.26%) Jenkins
5 470 (15.28%) JIRA
6 363 (11.80%) WebDriver
7 266 (8.65%) Maven
8 253 (8.22%) JUnit
9 210 (6.83%) SpecFlow
10 172 (5.59%) Mockito
11 162 (5.27%) TeamCity
12 155 (5.04%) Team Foundation Server
13 146 (4.75%) Subversion
14 132 (4.29%) Gradle
15 127 (4.13%) Jasmine
16 115 (3.74%) SoapUI
17 91 (2.96%) Grunt
18 85 (2.76%) gulp
19 74 (2.41%) Ant
19 74 (2.41%) Mocha
General
1 454 (14.76%) Finance
2 205 (6.66%) Banking
3 145 (4.71%) Retail
4 83 (2.70%) Marketing
5 82 (2.67%) Games
6 55 (1.79%) Telecoms
7 48 (1.56%) Investment Banking
8 37 (1.20%) Publishing
9 34 (1.11%) Back Office
10 32 (1.04%) Advertising
11 31 (1.01%) Manufacturing
12 30 (0.98%) Electronics
13 21 (0.68%) Financial Institution
14 18 (0.59%) Retail Banking
15 14 (0.46%) Front Office
16 11 (0.36%) Automotive
16 11 (0.36%) Legal
17 5 (0.16%) German Language
17 5 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.16%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1821 (59.20%) Developer
2 651 (21.16%) Java Developer
3 324 (10.53%) Senior Developer
4 262 (8.52%) Tester
5 261 (8.49%) Agile Developer
6 238 (7.74%) Analyst
7 226 (7.35%) .NET Developer
8 215 (6.99%) JavaScript Developer
9 198 (6.44%) Automation Tester
10 190 (6.18%) C# Developer
11 172 (5.59%) Agile Java Developer
12 161 (5.23%) Senior Java Developer
13 148 (4.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 144 (4.68%) Test Engineer
15 139 (4.52%) Full Stack Developer
16 132 (4.29%) Test Analyst
17 122 (3.97%) Angular Developer
18 119 (3.87%) Scala Developer
19 110 (3.58%) C# .NET Developer
19 110 (3.58%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 744 (24.19%) HTML
2 665 (21.62%) CSS
3 615 (19.99%) AngularJS
4 583 (18.95%) Web Services
5 578 (18.79%) .NET
6 496 (16.12%) REST
7 492 (15.99%) Spring
8 473 (15.38%) Node.js
9 433 (14.08%) RESTful
10 430 (13.98%) HTML5
11 365 (11.87%) React
12 298 (9.69%) CSS3
13 279 (9.07%) ASP.NET
14 260 (8.45%) XML
15 249 (8.09%) Gherkin
16 224 (7.28%) SOAP
17 217 (7.05%) JSON
18 216 (7.02%) jQuery
19 192 (6.24%) Hibernate
20 177 (5.75%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 190 (6.18%) User Experience
2 115 (3.74%) Mobile App
3 86 (2.80%) Analytical Skills
4 74 (2.41%) Fintech
5 71 (2.31%) Computer Science
6 64 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
7 43 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 41 (1.33%) Virtual Team
9 39 (1.27%) Public Cloud
10 34 (1.11%) iPad
11 29 (0.94%) Data Structures
12 24 (0.78%) Algorithms
13 23 (0.75%) Blog
13 23 (0.75%) Social Media
14 19 (0.62%) Wiki
15 17 (0.55%) Derivative
16 16 (0.52%) Online Games
17 14 (0.46%) Credit Risk
18 13 (0.42%) Life Science
18 13 (0.42%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 323 (10.50%) Linux
2 156 (5.07%) Unix
3 130 (4.23%) Android
4 118 (3.84%) Apple iOS
5 68 (2.21%) Windows
6 42 (1.37%) Mac OS X
7 30 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 16 (0.52%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.23%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.20%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.065%) Solaris
12 2 (0.065%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.065%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2616 (85.05%) Agile Software Development
2 2431 (79.03%) TDD
3 1196 (38.88%) Scrum
4 667 (21.68%) Continuous Integration
5 534 (17.36%) Kanban
6 434 (14.11%) DevOps
7 432 (14.04%) Test Automation
8 430 (13.98%) MVC
9 401 (13.04%) Microservices
10 385 (12.52%) Software Engineering
11 359 (11.67%) OO
12 351 (11.41%) E-Commerce
13 250 (8.13%) Pair Programming
14 235 (7.64%) Open Source
15 231 (7.51%) Automated Testing
15 231 (7.51%) Web Development
16 230 (7.48%) Front End Development
17 222 (7.22%) Continuous Delivery
18 212 (6.89%) Unit Testing
19 194 (6.31%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 1523 (49.51%) Java
2 1076 (34.98%) JavaScript
3 639 (20.77%) C#
4 496 (16.12%) SQL
5 348 (11.31%) Scala
6 313 (10.18%) Ruby
7 244 (7.93%) Python
8 113 (3.67%) PHP
9 102 (3.32%) Groovy
10 72 (2.34%) ES6
11 65 (2.11%) Shell Script
12 56 (1.82%) C++
13 41 (1.33%) C
13 41 (1.33%) PL/SQL
14 39 (1.27%) F#
15 37 (1.20%) Go
16 35 (1.14%) Clojure
17 34 (1.11%) Objective-C
18 33 (1.07%) T-SQL
19 32 (1.04%) Korn
Qualifications
1 147 (4.78%) Security Cleared
2 130 (4.23%) Degree
3 108 (3.51%) ISEB
4 95 (3.09%) SC Cleared
5 63 (2.05%) ISTQB
6 32 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
7 25 (0.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 13 (0.42%) BC Cleared
9 12 (0.39%) DV Cleared
10 10 (0.33%) Sun Certification
11 7 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
12 4 (0.13%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.098%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.098%) HNC
13 3 (0.098%) PhD
14 2 (0.065%) CTC Cleared
14 2 (0.065%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 430 (13.98%) QA
2 81 (2.63%) SDET
3 27 (0.88%) Disclosure Scotland
4 22 (0.72%) FATCA
5 15 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 15 (0.49%) WAI
6 10 (0.33%) SLA
7 6 (0.20%) WCAG
8 5 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.13%) MiFID
10 1 (0.033%) IFRS
10 1 (0.033%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 253 (8.22%) Docker
2 19 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
3 18 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.52%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.46%) vSphere
6 11 (0.36%) HDFS
7 6 (0.20%) Terminal Services
8 5 (0.16%) Varnish
8 5 (0.16%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.098%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.098%) Shibboleth
11 2 (0.065%) Dovecot
Systems Management
1 95 (3.09%) Puppet
2 89 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
3 80 (2.60%) Ansible
4 26 (0.85%) Kubernetes
5 19 (0.62%) logstash
6 18 (0.59%) Kibana
7 14 (0.46%) Nagios
8 13 (0.42%) Grafana
9 12 (0.39%) vRealize
10 11 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
10 11 (0.36%) rkt
11 8 (0.26%) Salt
12 6 (0.20%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.16%) Capistrano
13 5 (0.16%) HP Fortify
14 4 (0.13%) Graphite
14 4 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.13%) Mesos
14 4 (0.13%) Rancher
14 4 (0.13%) Terraform
Vendors
1 230 (7.48%) Microsoft
2 178 (5.79%) Oracle
3 68 (2.21%) Sitecore
4 62 (2.02%) Google
5 50 (1.63%) Splunk
6 46 (1.50%) Atlassian
7 43 (1.40%) SAP
8 37 (1.20%) HP
8 37 (1.20%) MuleSoft
9 34 (1.11%) Red Hat
10 33 (1.07%) VMware
11 32 (1.04%) Solace
12 28 (0.91%) IBM
13 26 (0.85%) Xamarin
14 24 (0.78%) ATG
15 20 (0.65%) New Relic
16 19 (0.62%) hybris
17 15 (0.49%) Adobe
17 15 (0.49%) Hortonworks
17 15 (0.49%) Zend
Taunton, Somerset
Spring Technology
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £525 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £525 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
Intrinsic Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Up to £500 per day + Bonus & Benefits
Posted: 14 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £425 - £450 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Hampshire
Certes Computing Ltd
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 13 hours ago
Norwich, Norfolk
Sanderson
Posted: 7 hours ago
Norwich, Norfolk
TEKsystems
Rate: Market rate
Posted: 15 hours ago
Taunton, Somerset
Experis Ltd
Rate: £325 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Bridge Noble
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
AMS contingency
Posted: 3 days ago
Hertfordshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £575 - £625 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: 4 days ago
Central London / West End
JWResource
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day 500 to 550pd for 6 months minimum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £475 - £510 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
South East London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
AMS contingency
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 3 days ago
South West London
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £550.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Opus Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £475 - £550 per day + 6 Month Contract
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Talent International
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 5 days ago