Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 46 53 61
Rank change year-on-year +7 +8 +27
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,008 3,422 3,120
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.37% 3.88% 3.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.15% 4.61% 3.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,219 2,674 2,549
England median daily rate £475 £463 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +3.93% +7.23%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 15 5
England median hourly rate £41.50 £45.87 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.53% +22.32% -
10th Percentile £32.50 £31.45 £27.05
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.90 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £45.44 £37.50
% change year-on-year -8.66% +21.16% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,762 74,154 82,254
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.79% 84.02% 82.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,406 49,441 54,289
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.29%
10th Percentile £294 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,865 2,035 2,438
England median hourly rate £24.09 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.64% +6.38% +17.50%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.36 £11.36
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.35 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.23
% change year-on-year -4.00% +3.18% +21.15%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +7 2,543 £500 - 462
North of England 0 478 £425 -0.58% 157
South East +18 477 £450 +5.88% 140
Midlands +16 247 £450 +7.40% 81
Yorkshire +15 238 £425 - 48
North West -6 198 £390 -8.24% 101
West Midlands +20 167 £450 +8.43% 45
East of England -24 154 £450 -10.00% 57
South West -7 153 £400 +15.94% 52
East Midlands +2 79 £425 - 36
North East 0 57 £450 -5.26% 8
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,252 (81.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3,141 (78.37%) TDD
3 1,845 (46.03%) Java
4 1,429 (35.65%) JavaScript
5 1,393 (34.76%) Scrum
6 1,369 (34.16%) Test Automation
7 1,152 (28.74%) Continuous Integration
8 1,103 (27.52%) Git (software)
9 971 (24.23%) Jenkins
10 923 (23.03%) C#
11 849 (21.18%) Microservices
12 825 (20.58%) HTML
13 818 (20.41%) .NET
14 815 (20.33%) Cucumber
15 812 (20.26%) Kanban
16 780 (19.46%) Selenium
17 771 (19.24%) CSS
18 751 (18.74%) Spring
19 750 (18.71%) AngularJS
20 714 (17.81%) RESTful
21 704 (17.56%) MVC
22 686 (17.12%) Web Services
23 679 (16.94%) REST
24 662 (16.52%) DevOps
25 656 (16.37%) Node.js
25 656 (16.37%) Amazon AWS
26 650 (16.22%) SQL
27 617 (15.39%) JIRA
28 605 (15.09%) Finance
29 566 (14.12%) Software Engineering

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 373 (9.31%) Confluence
2 224 (5.59%) Elasticsearch
3 109 (2.72%) Apache
4 93 (2.32%) Tomcat
5 86 (2.15%) Apache Spark
6 77 (1.92%) CMS
7 67 (1.67%) JBoss
8 53 (1.32%) NServiceBus
9 44 (1.10%) Jetty
10 43 (1.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 43 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 37 (0.92%) WebSphere
12 34 (0.85%) Apache Solr
13 32 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
13 32 (0.80%) WebLogic
14 25 (0.62%) EPiServer
15 22 (0.55%) Mule
16 21 (0.52%) Apache ServiceMix
16 21 (0.52%) nginx
16 21 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 15 (0.37%) MS Visio
2 13 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.100%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.050%) GIMP
6 2 (0.050%) Mingle
6 2 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.025%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.025%) InVision
Business Applications
1 26 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.37%) Magento
4 3 (0.075%) Endur
5 2 (0.050%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.050%) OpenText MBPM
5 2 (0.050%) OpenText Process Suite
6 1 (0.025%) Elite 3E
6 1 (0.025%) IntelliMatch
6 1 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.025%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.025%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 656 (16.37%) Amazon AWS
2 378 (9.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 147 (3.67%) GitHub
4 114 (2.84%) npm
5 91 (2.27%) Slack
6 77 (1.92%) Serverless
7 73 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
8 68 (1.70%) PaaS
9 62 (1.55%) Google Cloud Platform
10 40 (1.00%) Amazon S3
11 37 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
12 36 (0.90%) Google Analytics
13 33 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
14 29 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
15 28 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
16 26 (0.65%) Heroku
17 22 (0.55%) BrowserStack
18 20 (0.50%) OpenShift
19 19 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 18 (0.45%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 124 (3.09%) HTTP
2 45 (1.12%) TCP/IP
3 43 (1.07%) SSL
4 40 (1.00%) Internet
5 21 (0.52%) DNS
6 19 (0.47%) FTP
7 16 (0.40%) Firewall
8 15 (0.37%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.20%) SSH
10 6 (0.15%) AMQP
11 3 (0.075%) Bluetooth
11 3 (0.075%) SAN
11 3 (0.075%) Wi-Fi
12 2 (0.050%) BIG-IP
12 2 (0.050%) Ethernet
12 2 (0.050%) FIX Connectivity
12 2 (0.050%) SMTP
12 2 (0.050%) Unified Communications
12 2 (0.050%) VPLS
12 2 (0.050%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 545 (13.60%) NoSQL
2 440 (10.98%) MongoDB
3 353 (8.81%) SQL Server
4 306 (7.63%) PostgreSQL
5 286 (7.14%) MySQL
6 196 (4.89%) Relational Database
7 179 (4.47%) Hadoop
8 177 (4.42%) Big Data
9 168 (4.19%) Apache Cassandra
10 106 (2.64%) Redis
11 86 (2.15%) RDBMS
12 79 (1.97%) HBase
13 47 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 47 (1.17%) Neo4j
14 40 (1.00%) Apache Hive
15 39 (0.97%) Oracle Database
16 35 (0.87%) SQL Server 2014
17 29 (0.72%) Couchbase
18 24 (0.60%) DB2
18 24 (0.60%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 1,103 (27.52%) Git (software)
2 971 (24.23%) Jenkins
3 815 (20.33%) Cucumber
4 780 (19.46%) Selenium
5 617 (15.39%) JIRA
6 444 (11.08%) Maven
7 334 (8.33%) JUnit
8 276 (6.89%) WebDriver
9 267 (6.66%) SpecFlow
10 240 (5.99%) Mockito
11 190 (4.74%) TeamCity
12 185 (4.62%) Gradle
13 173 (4.32%) Jasmine
14 170 (4.24%) webpack
15 145 (3.62%) JMeter
16 129 (3.22%) SoapUI
17 126 (3.14%) gulp
18 124 (3.09%) Subversion
19 118 (2.94%) NUnit
20 117 (2.92%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 605 (15.09%) Finance
2 343 (8.56%) Banking
3 180 (4.49%) Retail
4 88 (2.20%) Marketing
5 81 (2.02%) Telecoms
6 78 (1.95%) Games
7 76 (1.90%) Investment Banking
8 63 (1.57%) Publishing
9 48 (1.20%) Advertising
10 29 (0.72%) Law
10 29 (0.72%) Manufacturing
11 27 (0.67%) Electronics
12 26 (0.65%) Retail Banking
13 25 (0.62%) Front Office
14 23 (0.57%) Back Office
15 22 (0.55%) Financial Institution
16 13 (0.32%) Automotive
17 12 (0.30%) Legal
18 5 (0.12%) Prime Brokerage
19 3 (0.075%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,585 (64.50%) Developer
2 889 (22.18%) Java Developer
3 435 (10.85%) Senior Developer
4 373 (9.31%) .NET Developer
5 307 (7.66%) C# Developer
6 299 (7.46%) Analyst
7 288 (7.19%) JavaScript Developer
8 262 (6.54%) Tester
9 244 (6.09%) Agile Developer
10 222 (5.54%) Full Stack Developer
11 201 (5.01%) React Developer
12 181 (4.52%) Automation Tester
13 174 (4.34%) Test Analyst
14 159 (3.97%) C# .NET Developer
15 157 (3.92%) Test Engineer
16 154 (3.84%) Agile Java Developer
17 149 (3.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 140 (3.49%) Java Engineer
19 139 (3.47%) Software Engineer
20 129 (3.22%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 825 (20.58%) HTML
2 818 (20.41%) .NET
3 771 (19.24%) CSS
4 751 (18.74%) Spring
5 750 (18.71%) AngularJS
6 714 (17.81%) RESTful
7 686 (17.12%) Web Services
8 679 (16.94%) REST
9 656 (16.37%) Node.js
10 556 (13.87%) React
11 464 (11.58%) HTML5
12 320 (7.98%) Hibernate
13 318 (7.93%) ASP.NET
14 312 (7.78%) CSS3
15 298 (7.44%) Spring Boot
16 290 (7.24%) ASP.NET Web API
17 277 (6.91%) JSON
18 275 (6.86%) SOAP
19 257 (6.41%) Kafka
20 246 (6.14%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 320 (7.98%) Greenfield Project
2 300 (7.49%) User Experience
3 208 (5.19%) Mobile App
4 154 (3.84%) Enterprise Software
5 118 (2.94%) Fintech
6 110 (2.74%) Analytical Skills
7 106 (2.64%) Computer Science
8 95 (2.37%) Virtual Team
9 57 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
10 55 (1.37%) iPad
11 52 (1.30%) Video on Demand
12 45 (1.12%) Blog
13 39 (0.97%) Public Cloud
14 38 (0.95%) Data Structures
15 33 (0.82%) Algorithms
16 29 (0.72%) Clustering
17 28 (0.70%) Video\Live Streaming
18 24 (0.60%) Hedge funds
18 24 (0.60%) Social Media
18 24 (0.60%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 363 (9.06%) Linux
2 215 (5.36%) Apple iOS
3 208 (5.19%) Unix
4 205 (5.11%) Android
5 66 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 62 (1.55%) Windows
7 32 (0.80%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.22%) Nucleus RTOS
9 8 (0.20%) CoreOS
9 8 (0.20%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.17%) CentOS
10 7 (0.17%) Debian
11 6 (0.15%) Windows Phone
12 4 (0.100%) Windows Server
13 3 (0.075%) Solaris
13 3 (0.075%) VMS
13 3 (0.075%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.050%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.025%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,252 (81.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3,141 (78.37%) TDD
3 1,393 (34.76%) Scrum
4 1,369 (34.16%) Test Automation
5 1,152 (28.74%) Continuous Integration
6 849 (21.18%) Microservices
7 812 (20.26%) Kanban
8 704 (17.56%) MVC
9 662 (16.52%) DevOps
10 566 (14.12%) Software Engineering
11 523 (13.05%) Pair Programming
12 459 (11.45%) Continuous Delivery
13 450 (11.23%) E-Commerce
14 426 (10.63%) Unit Testing
15 374 (9.33%) User Stories
16 358 (8.93%) Open Source
17 322 (8.03%) OO
18 266 (6.64%) Mentoring
19 264 (6.59%) SDLC
20 236 (5.89%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,845 (46.03%) Java
2 1,429 (35.65%) JavaScript
3 923 (23.03%) C#
4 650 (16.22%) SQL
5 320 (7.98%) Scala
6 302 (7.53%) Ruby
7 276 (6.89%) Python
8 249 (6.21%) ES6
9 174 (4.34%) TypeScript
10 149 (3.72%) Groovy
11 122 (3.04%) Apple Swift
12 98 (2.45%) PHP
13 81 (2.02%) Objective-C
14 74 (1.85%) Shell Script
15 72 (1.80%) T-SQL
16 53 (1.32%) Bash Shell
17 46 (1.15%) Go
18 41 (1.02%) ES7
19 39 (0.97%) C++
19 39 (0.97%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 185 (4.62%) Degree
2 179 (4.47%) Security Cleared
3 128 (3.19%) SC Cleared
4 84 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 65 (1.62%) ISTQB
6 61 (1.52%) ISEB
7 27 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 23 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 20 (0.50%) PMI Certification
10 17 (0.42%) PMP
11 14 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
12 13 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 12 (0.30%) DV Cleared
14 7 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
15 3 (0.075%) Chartered Engineer
15 3 (0.075%) CISSP
15 3 (0.075%) CITP
15 3 (0.075%) IIBA
15 3 (0.075%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.075%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 482 (12.03%) QA
2 24 (0.60%) WCAG
3 9 (0.22%) GCP
4 7 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.17%) PMO
5 6 (0.15%) MiFID
5 6 (0.15%) PSD2
6 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.100%) SLA
8 3 (0.075%) WAI
9 2 (0.050%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.050%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.050%) ISO 8583
9 2 (0.050%) SEPA
10 1 (0.025%) GDPR
10 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 510 (12.72%) Docker
2 51 (1.27%) HDFS
3 41 (1.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 31 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.57%) vSphere
6 11 (0.27%) Active Directory
7 7 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.075%) Apache Flume
8 3 (0.075%) Varnish
9 1 (0.025%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 194 (4.84%) Ansible
2 169 (4.22%) Puppet
3 134 (3.34%) Opscode Chef
4 129 (3.22%) Kubernetes
5 93 (2.32%) Terraform
6 74 (1.85%) Grafana
7 72 (1.80%) Kibana
8 61 (1.52%) logstash
9 36 (0.90%) Hadoop YARN
10 32 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
11 31 (0.77%) Cobbler
12 18 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
13 15 (0.37%) Nessus
14 14 (0.35%) BladeLogic
15 9 (0.22%) CA Service Virtualization
15 9 (0.22%) Mesos
15 9 (0.22%) Prometheus
16 8 (0.20%) Packer
17 7 (0.17%) Graylog
18 6 (0.15%) Oozie
Vendors
1 219 (5.46%) Microsoft
2 199 (4.97%) Oracle
3 110 (2.74%) Google
4 107 (2.67%) Splunk
5 80 (2.00%) Atlassian
6 77 (1.92%) AppDynamics
7 76 (1.90%) Red Hat
7 76 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
8 46 (1.15%) Xamarin
9 45 (1.12%) Adobe
9 45 (1.12%) HP
10 41 (1.02%) Apple
10 41 (1.02%) Sitecore
11 39 (0.97%) IBM
12 38 (0.95%) Twitter
13 35 (0.87%) VMware
14 32 (0.80%) Coverity
15 29 (0.72%) New Relic
16 27 (0.67%) SAP
17 26 (0.65%) ATG