The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 3 months to 29 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
3 months to
29 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 59 69 87
Rank change year-on-year +10 +18  
Contract jobs citing BDD 1548 1498 1260
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.58% 3.04% 2.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.23% 3.64% 3.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 1143 1238 1022
England median daily rate £475 £463 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +12.80%  
10th Percentile £341 £325 £313
90th Percentile £606 £613 £550
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £403
% change year-on-year +4.44% +11.73%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 0
England median hourly rate £47.50 £40.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.28% -  
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £40.50 -
% change year-on-year +17.28% -  

BDD is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 36628 41177 41257
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 84.72% 83.54% 80.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 92282 104544 94562
England median daily rate £450 £450 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.43%  
10th Percentile £306 £288 £275
90th Percentile £625 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.85% +6.06%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 2775 2674 2752
England median hourly rate £32.00 £27.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.36% +10.00%  
10th Percentile £12.03 £12.50 £11.29
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.78 £51.30
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £28.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year +16.07% +1.81%  

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 3 months to 29 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 3 months to 29 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 3 months to 29 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 968 £500 +5.26% 274
South East +39 223 £425 - 79
North of England +4 188 £425 -5.55% 93
Yorkshire +8 99 £425 -2.57% 41
North West -12 64 £425 -9.09% 48
South West +19 59 £375 -6.25% 27
Midlands +17 58 £360 -10.00% 42
East of England +8 53 £450 - 29
West Midlands +26 40 £360 -20.00% 22
North East +48 25 £370 -7.50% 4
East Midlands 0 20 £400 +14.28% 20
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 29 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2502 (83.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2352 (78.93%) TDD
3 1385 (46.48%) Java
4 1103 (37.01%) JavaScript
5 1101 (36.95%) Scrum
6 928 (31.14%) Test Automation
7 732 (24.56%) Continuous Integration
8 714 (23.96%) HTML
9 682 (22.89%) AngularJS
10 676 (22.68%) Git (software)
11 670 (22.48%) CSS
12 601 (20.17%) C#
13 594 (19.93%) Selenium
14 590 (19.80%) Cucumber
15 570 (19.13%) Jenkins
16 562 (18.86%) Microservices
17 560 (18.79%) .NET
18 522 (17.52%) Kanban
19 492 (16.51%) Spring
19 492 (16.51%) DevOps
20 490 (16.44%) Web Services
20 490 (16.44%) REST
21 484 (16.24%) Node.js
22 464 (15.57%) MVC
23 459 (15.40%) JIRA
24 452 (15.17%) React
25 431 (14.46%) RESTful
26 427 (14.33%) SQL
27 425 (14.26%) Finance
28 421 (14.13%) HTML5

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 230 (7.72%) Confluence
2 118 (3.96%) Apache Spark
3 116 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
4 73 (2.45%) Apache
5 71 (2.38%) CMS
6 55 (1.85%) Tomcat
7 38 (1.28%) WebSphere
8 37 (1.24%) Apache Solr
9 36 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
10 29 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 29 (0.97%) WebLogic
11 27 (0.91%) NServiceBus
12 25 (0.84%) Mule
12 25 (0.84%) Sitecore CMS
13 22 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 18 (0.60%) Drupal
14 18 (0.60%) SharePoint
15 17 (0.57%) IIS
15 17 (0.57%) JBoss
16 13 (0.44%) EPiServer
Applications
1 18 (0.60%) Photoshop
2 15 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
6 4 (0.13%) InDesign
6 4 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.034%) GIMP
8 1 (0.034%) HipChat
8 1 (0.034%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 45 (1.51%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 30 (1.01%) Payment Gateway
3 20 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
4 15 (0.50%) Magento
5 8 (0.27%) Endur
6 4 (0.13%) Eloqua
6 4 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.067%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.034%) Actimize
8 1 (0.034%) BASE24
8 1 (0.034%) CODA-Financials
8 1 (0.034%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.034%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 341 (11.44%) Amazon AWS
2 219 (7.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 138 (4.63%) GitHub
4 52 (1.74%) Amazon EC2
5 42 (1.41%) PaaS
6 39 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
7 25 (0.84%) Amazon S3
8 20 (0.67%) Bluemix
8 20 (0.67%) IBM Cloud
8 20 (0.67%) Slack
9 16 (0.54%) Amazon SQS
9 16 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
10 15 (0.50%) BrowserStack
10 15 (0.50%) SaaS
11 12 (0.40%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (0.40%) IaaS
12 11 (0.37%) Sauce Labs
13 10 (0.34%) Google Cloud Platform
14 9 (0.30%) Dynamics 365
15 8 (0.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 76 (2.55%) HTTP
2 30 (1.01%) Internet
3 26 (0.87%) Kerberos
4 16 (0.54%) LDAP
4 16 (0.54%) PuTTY
4 16 (0.54%) WinSCP
5 8 (0.27%) AMQP
5 8 (0.27%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.23%) Intranet
7 5 (0.17%) Firewall
8 4 (0.13%) DNS
8 4 (0.13%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.13%) HTTPS
8 4 (0.13%) Skype
8 4 (0.13%) X.509
9 2 (0.067%) IMAP
9 2 (0.067%) OpenLDAP
9 2 (0.067%) SNA
9 2 (0.067%) SSL
10 1 (0.034%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 333 (11.17%) NoSQL
2 299 (10.03%) MongoDB
3 278 (9.33%) SQL Server
4 187 (6.28%) MySQL
5 181 (6.07%) PostgreSQL
6 176 (5.91%) Hadoop
7 167 (5.60%) Relational Database
8 166 (5.57%) Big Data
9 97 (3.26%) Apache Cassandra
10 80 (2.68%) HBase
11 70 (2.35%) RDBMS
12 54 (1.81%) Oracle Database
13 52 (1.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 40 (1.34%) Redis
15 34 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
16 31 (1.04%) RavenDB
17 26 (0.87%) SQL Server 2008
18 25 (0.84%) DB2
19 22 (0.74%) Oracle Database 10g
20 21 (0.70%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 676 (22.68%) Git (software)
2 594 (19.93%) Selenium
3 590 (19.80%) Cucumber
4 570 (19.13%) Jenkins
5 459 (15.40%) JIRA
6 302 (10.13%) WebDriver
7 232 (7.79%) JUnit
7 232 (7.79%) SpecFlow
8 203 (6.81%) Maven
8 203 (6.81%) TeamCity
9 156 (5.23%) Subversion
10 145 (4.87%) Mockito
11 144 (4.83%) Jasmine
11 144 (4.83%) Team Foundation Server
12 120 (4.03%) gulp
13 115 (3.86%) Gradle
14 107 (3.59%) Octopus Deploy
15 105 (3.52%) IntelliJ
16 103 (3.46%) Mocha
17 97 (3.26%) Grunt
General
1 425 (14.26%) Finance
2 213 (7.15%) Banking
3 160 (5.37%) Retail
4 92 (3.09%) Games
5 84 (2.82%) Marketing
6 57 (1.91%) Investment Banking
6 57 (1.91%) Telecoms
7 48 (1.61%) Manufacturing
8 45 (1.51%) Electronics
9 32 (1.07%) Publishing
10 28 (0.94%) Front Office
11 26 (0.87%) Back Office
12 24 (0.81%) Advertising
13 20 (0.67%) Retail Banking
14 18 (0.60%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.27%) Corporate Banking
16 7 (0.23%) Automotive
17 6 (0.20%) Law
17 6 (0.20%) Legal
18 5 (0.17%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 1866 (62.62%) Developer
2 610 (20.47%) Java Developer
3 322 (10.81%) Senior Developer
4 234 (7.85%) Analyst
5 230 (7.72%) .NET Developer
6 227 (7.62%) Tester
7 220 (7.38%) Agile Developer
8 205 (6.88%) JavaScript Developer
9 189 (6.34%) Full Stack Developer
10 183 (6.14%) Automation Tester
11 174 (5.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 168 (5.64%) C# Developer
13 129 (4.33%) Agile Java Developer
14 128 (4.30%) Senior Java Developer
15 126 (4.23%) Angular Developer
16 125 (4.19%) Business Analyst
17 117 (3.93%) Test Engineer
18 100 (3.36%) Node.js Developer
19 99 (3.32%) Test Analyst
20 91 (3.05%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 714 (23.96%) HTML
2 682 (22.89%) AngularJS
3 670 (22.48%) CSS
4 560 (18.79%) .NET
5 492 (16.51%) Spring
6 490 (16.44%) REST
6 490 (16.44%) Web Services
7 484 (16.24%) Node.js
8 452 (15.17%) React
9 431 (14.46%) RESTful
10 421 (14.13%) HTML5
11 275 (9.23%) CSS3
12 255 (8.56%) ASP.NET
13 230 (7.72%) jQuery
14 221 (7.42%) XML
15 200 (6.71%) JSON
16 197 (6.61%) Gherkin
17 194 (6.51%) SOAP
18 180 (6.04%) Hibernate
19 170 (5.70%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 282 (9.46%) Greenfield Project
2 205 (6.88%) User Experience
3 136 (4.56%) Mobile App
4 135 (4.53%) Analytical Skills
5 84 (2.82%) Fintech
6 70 (2.35%) Computer Science
7 68 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
8 53 (1.78%) Public Cloud
9 42 (1.41%) Algorithms
10 37 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 37 (1.24%) iPad
11 33 (1.11%) Blog
12 32 (1.07%) Virtual Team
13 26 (0.87%) Data Structures
14 24 (0.81%) Derivative
15 20 (0.67%) Cloud Native
15 20 (0.67%) Social Media
16 18 (0.60%) Equities
17 17 (0.57%) Hedge funds
17 17 (0.57%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 303 (10.17%) Linux
2 145 (4.87%) Unix
3 112 (3.76%) Android
4 99 (3.32%) Apple iOS
5 97 (3.26%) Windows
6 41 (1.38%) Mac OS X
7 36 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (0.70%) Windows Server
9 16 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.23%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.13%) CoreOS
11 4 (0.13%) Solaris
12 3 (0.10%) CentOS
13 2 (0.067%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.067%) SUSE
13 2 (0.067%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.067%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.034%) Kali Linux
14 1 (0.034%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 2502 (83.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2352 (78.93%) TDD
3 1101 (36.95%) Scrum
4 928 (31.14%) Test Automation
5 732 (24.56%) Continuous Integration
6 562 (18.86%) Microservices
7 522 (17.52%) Kanban
8 492 (16.51%) DevOps
9 464 (15.57%) MVC
10 389 (13.05%) OO
11 349 (11.71%) E-Commerce
12 339 (11.38%) Software Engineering
13 276 (9.26%) User Stories
14 275 (9.23%) Pair Programming
15 267 (8.96%) Front End Development
16 252 (8.46%) Continuous Delivery
17 236 (7.92%) Unit Testing
18 225 (7.55%) Web Development
19 209 (7.01%) SOA
20 201 (6.74%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1385 (46.48%) Java
2 1103 (37.01%) JavaScript
3 601 (20.17%) C#
4 427 (14.33%) SQL
5 273 (9.16%) Scala
6 248 (8.32%) Ruby
7 234 (7.85%) Python
8 118 (3.96%) Groovy
9 90 (3.02%) PHP
10 84 (2.82%) ES6
11 60 (2.01%) Shell Script
12 58 (1.95%) C++
13 52 (1.74%) Bash Shell
14 48 (1.61%) T-SQL
15 47 (1.58%) Go
16 46 (1.54%) TypeScript
17 43 (1.44%) PL/SQL
18 33 (1.11%) Objective-C
19 32 (1.07%) Apple Swift
19 32 (1.07%) C
Qualifications
1 200 (6.71%) Security Cleared
2 147 (4.93%) SC Cleared
3 132 (4.43%) Degree
4 89 (2.99%) ISEB
5 62 (2.08%) ISTQB
6 30 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
7 24 (0.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 22 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (0.57%) DV Cleared
10 11 (0.37%) ISEB Practitioner
11 10 (0.34%) BC Cleared
12 9 (0.30%) DBS Check
13 8 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
14 6 (0.20%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.20%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.13%) PMP
16 3 (0.10%) HNC
16 3 (0.10%) Sun Certification
17 2 (0.067%) AWS Certification
18 1 (0.034%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 380 (12.75%) QA
2 16 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 13 (0.44%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.44%) MiFID
3 13 (0.44%) WAI
4 9 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.30%) SLA
5 7 (0.23%) FATCA
5 7 (0.23%) WCAG
6 2 (0.067%) EMIR
6 2 (0.067%) IFRS
6 2 (0.067%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.034%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 288 (9.66%) Docker
2 38 (1.28%) HDFS
3 36 (1.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 19 (0.64%) vSphere
5 11 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.34%) Active Directory
7 9 (0.30%) Apache Flume
8 8 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
9 7 (0.23%) Varnish
10 6 (0.20%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.034%) Dovecot
11 1 (0.034%) iptables
11 1 (0.034%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 112 (3.76%) Kubernetes
2 87 (2.92%) Ansible
3 67 (2.25%) Puppet
4 60 (2.01%) Opscode Chef
5 34 (1.14%) Terraform
6 23 (0.77%) Grafana
6 23 (0.77%) logstash
7 22 (0.74%) Kibana
8 18 (0.60%) Graphite
9 16 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
9 16 (0.54%) Nagios
9 16 (0.54%) vRealize
10 11 (0.37%) Mesos
11 10 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.34%) ZABBIX
12 9 (0.30%) HP Fortify
13 8 (0.27%) Control-M
13 8 (0.27%) HP SiteScope
13 8 (0.27%) Prometheus
14 7 (0.23%) Consul
Vendors
1 198 (6.64%) Oracle
2 187 (6.28%) Microsoft
3 56 (1.88%) Splunk
4 55 (1.85%) Sitecore
5 53 (1.78%) SAP
6 50 (1.68%) HP
7 42 (1.41%) IBM
8 41 (1.38%) New Relic
9 39 (1.31%) Google
10 38 (1.28%) Red Hat
11 35 (1.17%) Xamarin
12 33 (1.11%) Atlassian
13 28 (0.94%) hybris
14 27 (0.91%) ATG
15 26 (0.87%) Adobe
16 23 (0.77%) AppDynamics
16 23 (0.77%) VMware
17 16 (0.54%) Cloudera
18 15 (0.50%) Sencha
19 14 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
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