Period
to 20 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 20 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 52 62 64
Rank change year-on-year +10 +2 +31
Contract jobs citing BDD 3,897 2,912 3,005
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.23% 3.47% 3.09%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.93% 4.09% 3.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,099 2,189 2,448
England median daily rate £485 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.86% +2.78% +11.80%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £600 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 12 3
England median hourly rate £47.50 £50.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £40.00 £41.49 £37.30
90th Percentile £52.50 £58.00 £48.50
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £50.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% +8.70% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,072 71,167 81,723
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.85% 84.75% 84.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,518 46,917 54,414
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,077 1,911 2,101
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +8.70% +9.52%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.43 £11.63
90th Percentile £50.00 £51.25 £50.25
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -12.00% - +19.05%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in England

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2,362 £500 - 458
North of England +7 539 £414 -2.65% 144
South East +28 491 £475 +18.01% 156
Yorkshire +14 262 £425 - 52
Midlands +34 259 £450 +7.40% 71
North West +7 202 £400 -5.88% 74
West Midlands +26 192 £450 +1.18% 41
East of England -10 147 £450 -4.76% 60
South West -11 129 £400 +12.68% 58
North East +7 88 £425 -5.56% 18
East Midlands +11 66 £400 -3.61% 30
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,089 (79.27%) Agile Software Development
2 3,058 (78.47%) TDD
3 1,803 (46.27%) Java
4 1,365 (35.03%) Test Automation
5 1,338 (34.33%) JavaScript
6 1,316 (33.77%) Scrum
7 1,097 (28.15%) Git (software)
8 1,045 (26.82%) Jenkins
9 1,036 (26.58%) Continuous Integration
10 918 (23.56%) C#
11 836 (21.45%) Microservices
12 799 (20.50%) HTML
13 789 (20.25%) .NET
13 789 (20.25%) Cucumber
13 789 (20.25%) REST
14 779 (19.99%) Spring
15 755 (19.37%) Selenium
16 753 (19.32%) CSS
17 733 (18.81%) DevOps
18 714 (18.32%) Kanban
19 695 (17.83%) RESTful
19 695 (17.83%) MVC
20 691 (17.73%) Web Services
21 679 (17.42%) SQL
22 654 (16.78%) Node.js
23 644 (16.53%) AngularJS
24 637 (16.35%) Amazon AWS
25 568 (14.58%) Finance
26 562 (14.42%) JIRA
27 547 (14.04%) Software Engineering

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 336 (8.62%) Confluence
2 222 (5.70%) Elasticsearch
3 130 (3.34%) Apache
4 90 (2.31%) Apache Spark
5 74 (1.90%) NServiceBus
6 71 (1.82%) Tomcat
7 60 (1.54%) CMS
8 55 (1.41%) JBoss
9 53 (1.36%) Cloud Foundry
10 44 (1.13%) WebSphere
11 43 (1.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 41 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 39 (1.00%) WebLogic
14 28 (0.72%) Apache ServiceMix
14 28 (0.72%) Mule
15 26 (0.67%) Jetty
15 26 (0.67%) MQSeries
16 23 (0.59%) Documentum
17 20 (0.51%) Apache Solr
17 20 (0.51%) IIS
Applications
1 15 (0.38%) MS Visio
2 13 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.26%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.15%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.15%) GIMP
5 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.051%) InVision
7 1 (0.026%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
3 10 (0.26%) Magento
4 3 (0.077%) OpenText MBPM
4 3 (0.077%) OpenText Process Suite
4 3 (0.077%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.077%) Oracle CRM
4 3 (0.077%) Siebel CRM
5 2 (0.051%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.051%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.051%) Endur
5 2 (0.051%) FastStats
5 2 (0.051%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.051%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.051%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.051%) Unica
6 1 (0.026%) LatentZero
6 1 (0.026%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.026%) Tesseract
6 1 (0.026%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 637 (16.35%) Amazon AWS
2 441 (11.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 138 (3.54%) GitHub
4 101 (2.59%) Serverless
5 93 (2.39%) npm
6 92 (2.36%) Slack
7 76 (1.95%) Google Cloud Platform
8 69 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
9 63 (1.62%) PaaS
10 58 (1.49%) Heroku
11 46 (1.18%) BrowserStack
11 46 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
12 38 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
13 32 (0.82%) Amazon S3
14 29 (0.74%) Sauce Labs
15 27 (0.69%) Amazon SQS
16 25 (0.64%) OpenShift
17 24 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
18 23 (0.59%) Google Analytics
19 22 (0.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 159 (4.08%) HTTP
2 47 (1.21%) TCP/IP
3 43 (1.10%) DNS
3 43 (1.10%) SSL
4 41 (1.05%) FTP
5 40 (1.03%) Internet
6 15 (0.38%) Firewall
7 6 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
8 4 (0.10%) PuTTY
8 4 (0.10%) SSH
8 4 (0.10%) WEP
8 4 (0.10%) WinSCP
9 3 (0.077%) Broadband
9 3 (0.077%) DSL
9 3 (0.077%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.077%) Intranet
9 3 (0.077%) MQTT
9 3 (0.077%) Network Security
9 3 (0.077%) SAN
10 2 (0.051%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 457 (11.73%) NoSQL
2 414 (10.62%) SQL Server
3 373 (9.57%) MongoDB
4 292 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
5 250 (6.42%) MySQL
6 224 (5.75%) Relational Database
7 185 (4.75%) Big Data
8 145 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
8 145 (3.72%) Hadoop
9 114 (2.93%) Redis
10 98 (2.51%) HBase
11 76 (1.95%) Neo4j
12 74 (1.90%) RDBMS
13 56 (1.44%) Oracle Database
14 46 (1.18%) Amazon Redshift
15 37 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 35 (0.90%) Apache Hive
17 34 (0.87%) Couchbase
18 33 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
19 25 (0.64%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 1,097 (28.15%) Git (software)
2 1,045 (26.82%) Jenkins
3 789 (20.25%) Cucumber
4 755 (19.37%) Selenium
5 562 (14.42%) JIRA
6 494 (12.68%) Maven
7 343 (8.80%) JUnit
8 306 (7.85%) SpecFlow
9 279 (7.16%) WebDriver
10 233 (5.98%) Mockito
11 174 (4.46%) Gradle
12 171 (4.39%) TeamCity
13 161 (4.13%) SoapUI
13 161 (4.13%) webpack
14 156 (4.00%) Jasmine
15 146 (3.75%) Subversion
16 142 (3.64%) SonarQube
17 136 (3.49%) Mocha
18 134 (3.44%) Team Foundation Server
19 132 (3.39%) NUnit
General
1 568 (14.58%) Finance
2 312 (8.01%) Banking
3 169 (4.34%) Retail
4 94 (2.41%) Games
5 68 (1.74%) Telecoms
6 64 (1.64%) Investment Banking
7 59 (1.51%) Marketing
8 36 (0.92%) Advertising
9 27 (0.69%) Retail Banking
10 25 (0.64%) Front Office
11 24 (0.62%) Back Office
12 23 (0.59%) Financial Institution
12 23 (0.59%) Publishing
13 17 (0.44%) Automotive
14 15 (0.38%) Law
15 13 (0.33%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.28%) Legal
17 9 (0.23%) Electronics
18 5 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
19 3 (0.077%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,464 (63.23%) Developer
2 893 (22.92%) Java Developer
3 395 (10.14%) Senior Developer
4 351 (9.01%) .NET Developer
5 306 (7.85%) C# Developer
6 280 (7.19%) Tester
7 253 (6.49%) Full Stack Developer
8 233 (5.98%) Analyst
9 224 (5.75%) React Developer
10 214 (5.49%) JavaScript Developer
11 202 (5.18%) Automation Tester
12 194 (4.98%) Agile Developer
13 161 (4.13%) Node.js Developer
14 154 (3.95%) Software Engineer
15 151 (3.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 149 (3.82%) Test Analyst
17 146 (3.75%) Senior Java Developer
18 145 (3.72%) Test Engineer
19 142 (3.64%) C# .NET Developer
20 127 (3.26%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 799 (20.50%) HTML
2 789 (20.25%) .NET
2 789 (20.25%) REST
3 779 (19.99%) Spring
4 753 (19.32%) CSS
5 695 (17.83%) RESTful
6 691 (17.73%) Web Services
7 654 (16.78%) Node.js
8 644 (16.53%) AngularJS
9 535 (13.73%) React
10 427 (10.96%) HTML5
11 335 (8.60%) Spring Boot
12 329 (8.44%) ASP.NET
13 328 (8.42%) Hibernate
14 322 (8.26%) CSS3
15 313 (8.03%) JSON
16 288 (7.39%) SOAP
17 240 (6.16%) ASP.NET Web API
18 239 (6.13%) J2EE
19 224 (5.75%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 326 (8.37%) Greenfield Project
2 264 (6.77%) User Experience
3 191 (4.90%) Enterprise Software
4 168 (4.31%) Mobile App
5 116 (2.98%) Fintech
6 112 (2.87%) Analytical Skills
7 83 (2.13%) Virtual Team
8 65 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
9 63 (1.62%) iPad
10 61 (1.57%) Computer Science
11 45 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
12 38 (0.98%) Video on Demand
13 33 (0.85%) Clustering
14 32 (0.82%) Algorithms
15 29 (0.74%) Blog
16 22 (0.56%) Over-the-Top Content
17 21 (0.54%) Data Centre
17 21 (0.54%) Derivative
17 21 (0.54%) Public Cloud
18 20 (0.51%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 462 (11.86%) Linux
2 246 (6.31%) Unix
3 199 (5.11%) Android
4 175 (4.49%) Apple iOS
5 121 (3.10%) Windows
6 62 (1.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 54 (1.39%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.23%) CentOS
8 9 (0.23%) Nucleus RTOS
9 8 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.18%) Windows Phone
11 6 (0.15%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.15%) VMS
12 5 (0.13%) Debian
12 5 (0.13%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.077%) AIX
15 2 (0.051%) Solaris
15 2 (0.051%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,089 (79.27%) Agile Software Development
2 3,058 (78.47%) TDD
3 1,365 (35.03%) Test Automation
4 1,316 (33.77%) Scrum
5 1,036 (26.58%) Continuous Integration
6 836 (21.45%) Microservices
7 733 (18.81%) DevOps
8 714 (18.32%) Kanban
9 695 (17.83%) MVC
10 547 (14.04%) Software Engineering
11 488 (12.52%) Pair Programming
12 472 (12.11%) Unit Testing
13 470 (12.06%) Continuous Delivery
14 432 (11.09%) E-Commerce
15 360 (9.24%) OO
16 302 (7.75%) Open Source
17 301 (7.72%) User Stories
18 268 (6.88%) Mentoring
19 257 (6.59%) SDLC
20 233 (5.98%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,803 (46.27%) Java
2 1,338 (34.33%) JavaScript
3 918 (23.56%) C#
4 679 (17.42%) SQL
5 501 (12.86%) Java 8
6 308 (7.90%) Scala
7 261 (6.70%) Python
8 237 (6.08%) Ruby
9 232 (5.95%) ES6
10 216 (5.54%) TypeScript
11 166 (4.26%) Groovy
12 90 (2.31%) T-SQL
13 88 (2.26%) Apple Swift
14 86 (2.21%) Shell Script
15 76 (1.95%) Bash Shell
16 68 (1.74%) PowerShell
17 66 (1.69%) PHP
18 61 (1.57%) Kotlin
19 50 (1.28%) C++
20 46 (1.18%) C
Qualifications
1 224 (5.75%) Security Cleared
2 179 (4.59%) SC Cleared
3 142 (3.64%) Degree
4 60 (1.54%) ISTQB
5 54 (1.39%) ISEB
6 43 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (0.44%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 10 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
10 9 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
10 9 (0.23%) PMI Certification
10 9 (0.23%) PMP
11 8 (0.21%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
12 6 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
12 6 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
13 5 (0.13%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.10%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.077%) HNC
15 3 (0.077%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 463 (11.88%) QA
2 32 (0.82%) GCP
3 19 (0.49%) WCAG
4 11 (0.28%) PMO
5 10 (0.26%) GDPR
6 6 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.15%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.15%) PSD2
7 5 (0.13%) MiFID
7 5 (0.13%) SLA
8 3 (0.077%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.077%) EMIR
9 2 (0.051%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.051%) SEPA
10 1 (0.026%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.026%) ISO 8583
10 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.026%) WAI
System Software
1 529 (13.57%) Docker
2 52 (1.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 49 (1.26%) HDFS
4 38 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (0.98%) vSphere
5 7 (0.18%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.077%) QEMU
6 3 (0.077%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.051%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.051%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.051%) Varnish
7 2 (0.051%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.051%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 172 (4.41%) Kubernetes
2 165 (4.23%) Ansible
3 163 (4.18%) Puppet
4 125 (3.21%) Terraform
5 92 (2.36%) Opscode Chef
6 55 (1.41%) Grafana
7 53 (1.36%) Kibana
8 48 (1.23%) Hadoop YARN
9 43 (1.10%) logstash
10 39 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
11 33 (0.85%) Mesos
12 22 (0.56%) Packer
13 20 (0.51%) Nagios
14 19 (0.49%) HP ALM
15 17 (0.44%) Consul
16 16 (0.41%) Nessus
17 14 (0.36%) BladeLogic
17 14 (0.36%) Graylog
18 12 (0.31%) Cobbler
19 8 (0.21%) Control-M
Vendors
1 237 (6.08%) Microsoft
2 210 (5.39%) Oracle
3 101 (2.59%) Google
4 91 (2.34%) Splunk
5 76 (1.95%) Red Hat
6 64 (1.64%) Atlassian
7 55 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
8 50 (1.28%) IBM
9 46 (1.18%) AppDynamics
10 45 (1.15%) Adobe
11 42 (1.08%) VMware
12 28 (0.72%) Coverity
12 28 (0.72%) New Relic
13 26 (0.67%) HP
13 26 (0.67%) Pega
13 26 (0.67%) Sitecore
14 23 (0.59%) MuleSoft
15 20 (0.51%) ATG
16 18 (0.46%) SAP
16 18 (0.46%) Zend