Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Essex with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 59 50 25
Rank change year-on-year -9 -25 -11
Contract jobs citing CSS 37 30 76
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Essex 4.65% 3.42% 6.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.36% 16.57% 24.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 26 14 52
Essex median daily rate £363 £350 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.57% -6.67% -11.76%
10th Percentile £247 £259 £227
90th Percentile £513 £475 £520
East of England median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +7.14% - -3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 7
Essex median hourly rate £40.00 £31.98 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.10% -0.08% +33.33%
10th Percentile £39.85 £31.08 £28.35
90th Percentile £44.50 £35.33 £43.00
East of England median hourly rate £40.00 £32.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year +23.08% +35.42% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Essex with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Essex
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 357 181 306
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Essex 44.85% 20.62% 25.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 256 114 191
Essex median daily rate £513 £350 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +46.43% -12.50% -5.88%
10th Percentile £317 £250 £240
90th Percentile £600 £525 £600
East of England median daily rate £425 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 27 28
Essex median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -1.37% +8.23%
10th Percentile £26.44 £31.00 £31.18
90th Percentile £63.75 £42.90 £42.00
East of England median hourly rate £42.75 £36.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +18.75% -4.00% +7.91%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Essex

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Essex.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Essex

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Essex

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Essex.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Essex

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Essex

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Essex over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Essex

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Essex

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Essex.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Essex

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Essex

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Essex region over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Brentwood - 13 £320 -
Southend-on-Sea - 7 £475 -
Basildon +5 5 £450 +73.08% 1
Witham -4 1 £325 - 2
CSS
East of England

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Essex region with a requirement for CSS.

1 36 (97.30%) HTML
2 32 (86.49%) JavaScript
3 27 (72.97%) Agile Software Development
4 25 (67.57%) XML
5 23 (62.16%) TDD
6 22 (59.46%) Web Services
7 21 (56.76%) SQL
7 21 (56.76%) Continuous Integration
8 19 (51.35%) JPA
8 19 (51.35%) Linux
8 19 (51.35%) Jenkins
9 18 (48.65%) Relational Database
9 18 (48.65%) REST
9 18 (48.65%) Java
10 17 (45.95%) Oracle
10 17 (45.95%) Struts
10 17 (45.95%) JAXB
10 17 (45.95%) Ajax
11 16 (43.24%) JUnit
11 16 (43.24%) HTML5
12 15 (40.54%) WebLogic
12 15 (40.54%) MVC
13 14 (37.84%) Maven
13 14 (37.84%) AngularJS
14 13 (35.14%) SOAP
14 13 (35.14%) OO
15 12 (32.43%) SQL Server
15 12 (32.43%) Spring
15 12 (32.43%) JAX-WS
15 12 (32.43%) WebSphere

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Essex by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (40.54%) WebLogic
2 12 (32.43%) WebSphere
3 9 (24.32%) SharePoint
4 8 (21.62%) JBoss
5 5 (13.51%) CMS
6 4 (10.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 3 (8.11%) WebSphere Application Server
8 1 (2.70%) IIS
8 1 (2.70%) WordPress
Business Applications
1 1 (2.70%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 4 (10.81%) GitHub
2 2 (5.41%) Google Analytics
2 2 (5.41%) npm
3 1 (2.70%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
3 1 (2.70%) Amazon S3
3 1 (2.70%) Amazon SQS
3 1 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
3 1 (2.70%) Microsoft Azure
3 1 (2.70%) Route 53
3 1 (2.70%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 8 (21.62%) LDAP
2 6 (16.22%) HTTP
3 1 (2.70%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (48.65%) Relational Database
2 12 (32.43%) SQL Server
3 9 (24.32%) RDBMS
4 8 (21.62%) MySQL
5 7 (18.92%) MariaDB
6 1 (2.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 1 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
6 1 (2.70%) NoSQL
6 1 (2.70%) SQL Server 2005
6 1 (2.70%) SQL Server 2008
6 1 (2.70%) SQL Server 2012
6 1 (2.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1 (2.70%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 19 (51.35%) Jenkins
2 16 (43.24%) JUnit
3 14 (37.84%) Maven
4 11 (29.73%) Ant
5 10 (27.03%) Git (software)
5 10 (27.03%) SoapUI
6 9 (24.32%) JIRA
7 7 (18.92%) Gradle
7 7 (18.92%) Mockito
8 6 (16.22%) Grunt
8 6 (16.22%) JMeter
9 3 (8.11%) Eclipse
9 3 (8.11%) gulp
9 3 (8.11%) LoadUI
10 2 (5.41%) Team Foundation Server
11 1 (2.70%) AccuRev
11 1 (2.70%) Cucumber
11 1 (2.70%) Octopus Deploy
11 1 (2.70%) Selenium
11 1 (2.70%) Subversion
General
1 9 (24.32%) Finance
2 7 (18.92%) Automotive
3 5 (13.51%) Marketing
4 3 (8.11%) Manufacturing
5 2 (5.41%) Legal
6 1 (2.70%) Publishing
6 1 (2.70%) Retail
Job Titles
1 36 (97.30%) Developer
2 15 (40.54%) Java Developer
3 8 (21.62%) Senior Developer
4 6 (16.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 6 (16.22%) J2EE Developer
4 6 (16.22%) Senior J2EE Developer
5 4 (10.81%) UI Developer
6 2 (5.41%) Agile Developer
6 2 (5.41%) Applications Developer
6 2 (5.41%) Java Applications Developer
6 2 (5.41%) JavaScript Developer
6 2 (5.41%) Web UI Developer
7 1 (2.70%) Agile Scrum Master
7 1 (2.70%) HTML CSS Developer
7 1 (2.70%) Integration Developer
7 1 (2.70%) iOS Android Developer
7 1 (2.70%) Java Web Applications Developer
7 1 (2.70%) Java WebSphere Developer
7 1 (2.70%) Senior Agile Developer
7 1 (2.70%) Senior Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (97.30%) HTML
2 25 (67.57%) XML
3 22 (59.46%) Web Services
4 19 (51.35%) JPA
5 18 (48.65%) REST
6 17 (45.95%) Ajax
6 17 (45.95%) JAXB
6 17 (45.95%) Struts
7 16 (43.24%) HTML5
8 14 (37.84%) AngularJS
9 13 (35.14%) SOAP
10 12 (32.43%) JAX-RS
10 12 (32.43%) JAX-WS
10 12 (32.43%) Spring
11 11 (29.73%) Spring MVC
12 10 (27.03%) EclipseLink
13 9 (24.32%) Java EE
13 9 (24.32%) Middleware
14 8 (21.62%) J2EE
14 8 (21.62%) JAAS
Miscellaneous
1 8 (21.62%) Enterprise Software
2 4 (10.81%) N-Tier
3 3 (8.11%) Web 2.0
4 1 (2.70%) Analytical Skills
4 1 (2.70%) Clustering
4 1 (2.70%) Replication
4 1 (2.70%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 19 (51.35%) Linux
2 11 (29.73%) Unix
3 7 (18.92%) Mac OS X
4 1 (2.70%) Android
4 1 (2.70%) Apple iOS
4 1 (2.70%) Solaris
4 1 (2.70%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (72.97%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (62.16%) TDD
3 21 (56.76%) Continuous Integration
4 15 (40.54%) MVC
5 13 (35.14%) OO
6 12 (32.43%) Mentoring
7 9 (24.32%) Code Coverage
7 9 (24.32%) Load Testing
7 9 (24.32%) OOA/OOD
7 9 (24.32%) Performance Tuning
7 9 (24.32%) UML
7 9 (24.32%) Web Development
8 8 (21.62%) Front End Development
8 8 (21.62%) Responsive Web Design
9 7 (18.92%) Test Automation
10 6 (16.22%) Coaching
10 6 (16.22%) Configuration Management
10 6 (16.22%) Continuous Deployment
10 6 (16.22%) Web Design
11 5 (13.51%) B2C
Programming Languages
1 32 (86.49%) JavaScript
2 21 (56.76%) SQL
3 18 (48.65%) Java
4 7 (18.92%) PL/SQL
5 5 (13.51%) C
6 4 (10.81%) C#
7 3 (8.11%) Groovy
7 3 (8.11%) PHP
7 3 (8.11%) Ruby
7 3 (8.11%) Shell Script
7 3 (8.11%) T-SQL
8 2 (5.41%) Elixir
9 1 (2.70%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1 (2.70%) Degree
System Software
1 1 (2.70%) Active Directory
1 1 (2.70%) Docker
Vendors
1 17 (45.95%) Oracle
2 9 (24.32%) CA
2 9 (24.32%) CA Agile Central
3 4 (10.81%) Adobe
4 2 (5.41%) Google
4 2 (5.41%) IBM
4 2 (5.41%) Omniture
5 1 (2.70%) Microsoft
5 1 (2.70%) Xamarin