Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 41 32 31
Rank change year-on-year -9 -1 -4
Contract jobs citing CSS 257 303 248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 5.06% 5.92% 5.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.75% 20.09% 19.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 192 216 140
East of England median daily rate £389 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.67% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £258 £263 £225
90th Percentile £536 £506 £475
England median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 7 4
East of England median hourly rate £33.08 £40.00 £33.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.30% +18.61% +40.52%
10th Percentile £31.52 £15.00 £31.14
90th Percentile £37.12 £44.25 £41.43
England median hourly rate £42.25 £41.25 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.42% +14.58% +13.35%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,448 1,508 1,294
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 28.50% 29.49% 26.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 957 895 770
East of England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.90%
10th Percentile £311 £295 £255
90th Percentile £589 £575 £538
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 36 43
East of England median hourly rate £40.00 £42.75 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.43% +18.75% -4.00%
10th Percentile £14.80 £25.75 £18.15
90th Percentile £52.75 £70.63 £45.55
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire 0 105 £400 +2.56% 68
Cambridgeshire +5 58 £425 +17.24% 90
Essex -21 34 £498 +37.24% 33
Suffolk +3 29 £375 +13.21% 23
Bedfordshire +11 26 £350 - 29
Norfolk -21 8 £375 +7.14% 24
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 222 (86.38%) HTML
2 194 (75.49%) JavaScript
3 118 (45.91%) Agile Software Development
4 105 (40.86%) HTML5
5 89 (34.63%) C#
6 86 (33.46%) jQuery
7 84 (32.68%) .NET
8 80 (31.13%) CSS3
9 68 (26.46%) AngularJS
10 67 (26.07%) MVC
11 63 (24.51%) Java
12 62 (24.12%) ASP.NET
13 54 (21.01%) Web Development
14 52 (20.23%) SQL
15 51 (19.84%) REST
15 51 (19.84%) Git (software)
16 49 (19.07%) TDD
17 47 (18.29%) Front End Development
18 44 (17.12%) Web Services
19 43 (16.73%) Microsoft
20 41 (15.95%) React
21 39 (15.18%) Scrum
22 36 (14.01%) XML
22 36 (14.01%) Jenkins
22 36 (14.01%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 32 (12.45%) Marketing
23 32 (12.45%) SQL Server
24 31 (12.06%) PHP
24 31 (12.06%) Spring
24 31 (12.06%) Microservices

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (7.00%) CMS
2 16 (6.23%) SharePoint
3 15 (5.84%) Apache
4 14 (5.45%) SharePoint 2013
5 13 (5.06%) WordPress
6 9 (3.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 9 (3.50%) WebSphere
7 8 (3.11%) Cloud Foundry
8 7 (2.72%) Drupal
9 6 (2.33%) IIS
10 4 (1.56%) nginx
11 3 (1.17%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (1.17%) JBoss
11 3 (1.17%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.78%) Tomcat
13 1 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (3.11%) Photoshop
2 4 (1.56%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (1.17%) ImageReady
3 3 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.78%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.39%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 18 (7.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.78%) nopCommerce
Cloud Services
1 26 (10.12%) Microsoft Azure
2 17 (6.61%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (6.61%) Dynamics 365
3 13 (5.06%) Office 365
4 8 (3.11%) GitHub
4 8 (3.11%) Google Analytics
4 8 (3.11%) npm
5 5 (1.95%) Silverpop
6 4 (1.56%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (1.17%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 3 (1.17%) Serverless
8 2 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.78%) Apigee
8 2 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.39%) Heroku
9 1 (0.39%) PaaS
9 1 (0.39%) SaaS
9 1 (0.39%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.72%) SMS
2 5 (1.95%) HTTP
3 4 (1.56%) Internet
4 3 (1.17%) SSL
4 3 (1.17%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.39%) BGP
5 1 (0.39%) Cisco ASA
5 1 (0.39%) DNS
5 1 (0.39%) FTP
5 1 (0.39%) FWSM
5 1 (0.39%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (12.45%) SQL Server
2 25 (9.73%) MySQL
3 13 (5.06%) MongoDB
3 13 (5.06%) Relational Database
4 11 (4.28%) NoSQL
5 7 (2.72%) Redis
6 5 (1.95%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (1.56%) RDBMS
8 2 (0.78%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.78%) SQL Server 2008
8 2 (0.78%) SQL Server 2014
9 1 (0.39%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.39%) Big Data
9 1 (0.39%) Crystal Reports
9 1 (0.39%) Geospatial Data
9 1 (0.39%) GIS
9 1 (0.39%) JasperReports
9 1 (0.39%) SQL Server 2000
9 1 (0.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 51 (19.84%) Git (software)
2 36 (14.01%) Jenkins
3 29 (11.28%) Visual Studio
4 22 (8.56%) gulp
4 22 (8.56%) Jasmine
4 22 (8.56%) Selenium
5 20 (7.78%) JIRA
6 17 (6.61%) Karma Test Runner
7 16 (6.23%) Protractor
7 16 (6.23%) Team Foundation Server
8 15 (5.84%) JUnit
9 14 (5.45%) Eclipse
10 12 (4.67%) Maven
11 11 (4.28%) Ant
11 11 (4.28%) Cucumber
11 11 (4.28%) Visual Studio Code
12 10 (3.89%) Gradle
12 10 (3.89%) IntelliJ
13 9 (3.50%) Grunt
13 9 (3.50%) Subversion
General
1 32 (12.45%) Marketing
2 20 (7.78%) Retail
3 17 (6.61%) Finance
4 8 (3.11%) Law
4 8 (3.11%) Telecoms
5 7 (2.72%) Legal
6 6 (2.33%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.56%) Games
8 3 (1.17%) Back Office
8 3 (1.17%) Multimedia
9 2 (0.78%) Electronics
10 1 (0.39%) Local Government
10 1 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 219 (85.21%) Developer
2 46 (17.90%) .NET Developer
3 35 (13.62%) Java Developer
4 34 (13.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 26 (10.12%) C# Developer
6 23 (8.95%) ASP.NET Developer
7 21 (8.17%) C# .NET Developer
7 21 (8.17%) Full Stack Developer
8 19 (7.39%) Web Developer
9 17 (6.61%) Microsoft Developer
10 16 (6.23%) Angular Developer
10 16 (6.23%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
10 16 (6.23%) CRM Developer
11 15 (5.84%) SharePoint Developer
12 14 (5.45%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 14 (5.45%) Dynamics CRM Developer
13 12 (4.67%) Designer
14 11 (4.28%) JavaScript Developer
14 11 (4.28%) PHP Developer
14 11 (4.28%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 222 (86.38%) HTML
2 105 (40.86%) HTML5
3 86 (33.46%) jQuery
4 84 (32.68%) .NET
5 80 (31.13%) CSS3
6 68 (26.46%) AngularJS
7 62 (24.12%) ASP.NET
8 51 (19.84%) REST
9 44 (17.12%) Web Services
10 41 (15.95%) React
11 36 (14.01%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 36 (14.01%) XML
12 31 (12.06%) Spring
13 30 (11.67%) ASP.NET Web API
14 29 (11.28%) ASP.NET MVC
15 27 (10.51%) Node.js
15 27 (10.51%) RESTful
16 24 (9.34%) Ajax
17 23 (8.95%) Spring Boot
18 21 (8.17%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 22 (8.56%) User Experience
2 15 (5.84%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (4.28%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (3.89%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (3.89%) Social Media
5 9 (3.50%) Computer Science
6 7 (2.72%) Mobile App
7 5 (1.95%) Clustering
7 5 (1.95%) Replication
8 4 (1.56%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.78%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.39%) Animation
10 1 (0.39%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.39%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.39%) Digital Media
10 1 (0.39%) Fintech
10 1 (0.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 1 (0.39%) Life Science
10 1 (0.39%) Smartphone
10 1 (0.39%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 21 (8.17%) Linux
2 16 (6.23%) Windows
3 10 (3.89%) Unix
4 8 (3.11%) Solaris
5 2 (0.78%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.39%) Android
6 1 (0.39%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.39%) Windows Phone
6 1 (0.39%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (45.91%) Agile Software Development
2 67 (26.07%) MVC
3 54 (21.01%) Web Development
4 49 (19.07%) TDD
5 47 (18.29%) Front End Development
6 39 (15.18%) Scrum
7 31 (12.06%) Microservices
8 30 (11.67%) OO
9 28 (10.89%) BDD
9 28 (10.89%) CRM
10 26 (10.12%) Software Engineering
11 25 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
12 22 (8.56%) Test Automation
13 18 (7.00%) E-Commerce
13 18 (7.00%) SOLID
13 18 (7.00%) Unit Testing
14 17 (6.61%) Workflow
15 16 (6.23%) SDLC
16 15 (5.84%) Problem-Solving
17 13 (5.06%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 194 (75.49%) JavaScript
2 89 (34.63%) C#
3 63 (24.51%) Java
4 52 (20.23%) SQL
5 31 (12.06%) PHP
6 18 (7.00%) TypeScript
7 16 (6.23%) PowerShell
8 15 (5.84%) Java 8
9 14 (5.45%) ES6
10 5 (1.95%) Groovy
11 4 (1.56%) Python
11 4 (1.56%) Scala
11 4 (1.56%) T-SQL
12 3 (1.17%) C
12 3 (1.17%) Perl
13 2 (0.78%) ES7
13 2 (0.78%) Haskell
13 2 (0.78%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.78%) Ruby
14 1 (0.39%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 14 (5.45%) Degree
2 13 (5.06%) Microsoft Certification
3 8 (3.11%) Security Cleared
4 6 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.39%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.39%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (6.61%) QA
2 3 (1.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 11 (4.28%) Docker
2 10 (3.89%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.39%) KVM
3 1 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 4 (1.56%) Kibana
2 3 (1.17%) Kubernetes
2 3 (1.17%) Mesos
3 2 (0.78%) Grafana
3 2 (0.78%) logstash
3 2 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
3 2 (0.78%) Puppet
4 1 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (0.39%) FortiGate
4 1 (0.39%) HP ALM
4 1 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
4 1 (0.39%) Rancher
4 1 (0.39%) Terraform
Vendors
1 43 (16.73%) Microsoft
2 19 (7.39%) Adobe
3 16 (6.23%) IBM
4 15 (5.84%) Nintex
5 14 (5.45%) Google
6 12 (4.67%) Oracle
7 8 (3.11%) Sony
8 7 (2.72%) MuleSoft
9 4 (1.56%) New Relic
10 3 (1.17%) Atlassian
10 3 (1.17%) CA Agile Central
10 3 (1.17%) hybris
11 2 (0.78%) Facebook
11 2 (0.78%) Omniture
11 2 (0.78%) Red Hat
11 2 (0.78%) SAP
11 2 (0.78%) webMethods
11 2 (0.78%) WSO2
12 1 (0.39%) Cisco
12 1 (0.39%) Salesforce.com