Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 28 27 32
Rank change year-on-year -1 +5 -10
Contract jobs citing CSS 288 314 277
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 6.09% 6.67% 5.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.74% 21.82% 21.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 203 230 180
East of England median daily rate £400 £350 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -2.78% +10.77%
10th Percentile £225 £231 £263
90th Percentile £510 £469 £451
England median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 7
East of England median hourly rate £35.50 £30.00 £9.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.33% +233.33% -74.29%
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +29.03% -4.73%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,325 1,439 1,303
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 28.02% 30.58% 25.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 841 900 806
East of England median daily rate £450 £415 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.43% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £569 £575 £547
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 35 34
East of England median hourly rate £35.25 £40.00 £33.05
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.88% +21.03% -8.83%
10th Percentile £15.25 £29.10 £10.60
90th Percentile £60.59 £63.75 £42.81
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.30% +8.67% +3.45%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire -1 108 £382 +1.87% 53
Cambridgeshire -1 69 £400 +14.29% 70
Suffolk +16 51 £414 +3.44% 13
Bedfordshire -8 31 £350 +16.67% 11
Essex -20 24 £500 +21.65% 28
Norfolk +4 6 £375 +15.38% 30
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 269 (93.40%) HTML
2 189 (65.63%) JavaScript
3 125 (43.40%) HTML5
4 109 (37.85%) C#
5 97 (33.68%) Agile Software Development
6 96 (33.33%) jQuery
7 90 (31.25%) CSS3
8 84 (29.17%) AngularJS
9 78 (27.08%) MVC
10 76 (26.39%) .NET
11 73 (25.35%) Web Development
12 65 (22.57%) SQL
13 62 (21.53%) ASP.NET
14 58 (20.14%) Git (software)
15 56 (19.44%) Java
16 50 (17.36%) TDD
17 45 (15.63%) Front End Development
18 43 (14.93%) ASP.NET Web API
18 43 (14.93%) PHP
19 42 (14.58%) SQL Server
20 41 (14.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 40 (13.89%) Sass
21 40 (13.89%) User Experience
22 39 (13.54%) XHTML
23 38 (13.19%) Microsoft
24 37 (12.85%) Web Services
24 37 (12.85%) ASP.NET MVC
25 36 (12.50%) OO
26 35 (12.15%) RESTful
26 35 (12.15%) gulp

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.29%) Apache
2 16 (5.56%) WordPress
3 14 (4.86%) CMS
4 9 (3.13%) SharePoint
4 9 (3.13%) SharePoint 2013
5 8 (2.78%) Drupal
5 8 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (2.08%) Predix
7 5 (1.74%) IIS
8 4 (1.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 4 (1.39%) JBoss
9 3 (1.04%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.69%) Jupyter
10 2 (0.69%) nginx
11 1 (0.35%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.35%) SharePoint 2010
11 1 (0.35%) WebLogic
Applications
1 8 (2.78%) Photoshop
2 5 (1.74%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.39%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 2 (0.69%) ImageReady
4 2 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.35%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.35%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.35%) InVision
5 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 19 (6.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (5.90%) Magento
3 2 (0.69%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.35%) JDE OneWorld
4 1 (0.35%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 18 (6.25%) Dynamics 365
2 17 (5.90%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (5.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (3.82%) npm
4 7 (2.43%) Office 365
5 6 (2.08%) Google Analytics
6 3 (1.04%) CheetahMail
6 3 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (1.04%) GitHub
6 3 (1.04%) MailChimp
6 3 (1.04%) Silverpop
7 2 (0.69%) Heroku
8 1 (0.35%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 1 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.35%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.35%) Asana
8 1 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.35%) Oracle CX
8 1 (0.35%) SaaS
8 1 (0.35%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.82%) HTTP
2 3 (1.04%) Internet
2 3 (1.04%) SSL
3 2 (0.69%) DNS
3 2 (0.69%) FTP
3 2 (0.69%) SMS
3 2 (0.69%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.35%) LAN
4 1 (0.35%) WAN
4 1 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (14.58%) SQL Server
2 32 (11.11%) MySQL
3 18 (6.25%) Relational Database
4 8 (2.78%) MongoDB
5 7 (2.43%) RDBMS
5 7 (2.43%) SQL Server 2012
6 6 (2.08%) PostgreSQL
7 5 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
7 5 (1.74%) NoSQL
7 5 (1.74%) Redis
7 5 (1.74%) SQL Server 2014
8 4 (1.39%) Geospatial Data
8 4 (1.39%) GIS
8 4 (1.39%) JasperReports
8 4 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 2 (0.69%) Looker
9 2 (0.69%) Oracle Database
9 2 (0.69%) SQL Server 2008
10 1 (0.35%) Big Data
10 1 (0.35%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 58 (20.14%) Git (software)
2 35 (12.15%) gulp
3 25 (8.68%) Jenkins
4 23 (7.99%) Visual Studio
5 19 (6.60%) Grunt
6 16 (5.56%) JIRA
7 14 (4.86%) Maven
8 13 (4.51%) Jasmine
8 13 (4.51%) JUnit
9 11 (3.82%) NUnit
10 10 (3.47%) IntelliJ
10 10 (3.47%) Team Foundation Server
10 10 (3.47%) webpack
11 9 (3.13%) Dreamweaver
11 9 (3.13%) MSTest
11 9 (3.13%) Selenium
11 9 (3.13%) Subversion
12 8 (2.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 8 (2.78%) Bower
12 8 (2.78%) Mercurial
General
1 24 (8.33%) Marketing
2 21 (7.29%) Finance
3 19 (6.60%) Telecoms
4 16 (5.56%) Retail
5 11 (3.82%) Games
6 5 (1.74%) Manufacturing
6 5 (1.74%) Pharmaceutical
7 4 (1.39%) Publishing
8 3 (1.04%) Automotive
9 2 (0.69%) Advertising
9 2 (0.69%) Back Office
10 1 (0.35%) Billing
10 1 (0.35%) Brand Awareness
10 1 (0.35%) Electronics
10 1 (0.35%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.35%) Law
10 1 (0.35%) Legal
10 1 (0.35%) Local Government
10 1 (0.35%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 227 (78.82%) Developer
2 51 (17.71%) .NET Developer
3 49 (17.01%) C# Developer
4 36 (12.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 34 (11.81%) C# .NET Developer
6 33 (11.46%) Web Developer
7 27 (9.38%) Angular Developer
8 24 (8.33%) Java Developer
9 22 (7.64%) JavaScript Developer
10 21 (7.29%) Full Stack Developer
11 18 (6.25%) ASP.NET Developer
11 18 (6.25%) Software Engineer
12 16 (5.56%) Microsoft Developer
13 15 (5.21%) CRM Developer
14 14 (4.86%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 14 (4.86%) C# ASP.NET Developer
14 14 (4.86%) Consultant
15 13 (4.51%) Designer
15 13 (4.51%) Dynamics CRM Developer
15 13 (4.51%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (93.40%) HTML
2 125 (43.40%) HTML5
3 96 (33.33%) jQuery
4 90 (31.25%) CSS3
5 84 (29.17%) AngularJS
6 76 (26.39%) .NET
7 62 (21.53%) ASP.NET
8 43 (14.93%) ASP.NET Web API
9 41 (14.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 40 (13.89%) Sass
11 39 (13.54%) XHTML
12 37 (12.85%) ASP.NET MVC
12 37 (12.85%) Web Services
13 35 (12.15%) RESTful
14 30 (10.42%) JSON
14 30 (10.42%) React
14 30 (10.42%) XML
15 27 (9.38%) REST
16 25 (8.68%) LESS
17 24 (8.33%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 40 (13.89%) User Experience
2 21 (7.29%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (3.13%) Social Media
5 5 (1.74%) Tandem
6 4 (1.39%) Algorithms
6 4 (1.39%) Computer Science
6 4 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 3 (1.04%) Data Centre
7 3 (1.04%) Graphic Design
7 3 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (1.04%) Vector Graphics
7 3 (1.04%) Virtual Team
8 2 (0.69%) Clustering
8 2 (0.69%) Replication
8 2 (0.69%) W3C
9 1 (0.35%) Animation
9 1 (0.35%) Mainframe
9 1 (0.35%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 29 (10.07%) Linux
2 12 (4.17%) Windows
3 4 (1.39%) CentOS
3 4 (1.39%) Unix
3 4 (1.39%) Windows Server
4 3 (1.04%) Solaris
5 1 (0.35%) Android
5 1 (0.35%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.35%) Windows Phone
5 1 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
5 1 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (33.68%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (27.08%) MVC
3 73 (25.35%) Web Development
4 50 (17.36%) TDD
5 45 (15.63%) Front End Development
6 36 (12.50%) OO
7 33 (11.46%) Software Engineering
8 31 (10.76%) Continuous Integration
9 29 (10.07%) Scrum
10 27 (9.38%) BDD
10 27 (9.38%) CRM
11 23 (7.99%) E-Commerce
11 23 (7.99%) Responsive Web Design
12 21 (7.29%) Microservices
12 21 (7.29%) Open Source
13 20 (6.94%) Unit Testing
14 19 (6.60%) Customer Requirements
15 17 (5.90%) Kanban
15 17 (5.90%) Problem-Solving
15 17 (5.90%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 189 (65.63%) JavaScript
2 109 (37.85%) C#
3 65 (22.57%) SQL
4 56 (19.44%) Java
5 43 (14.93%) PHP
6 25 (8.68%) TypeScript
7 24 (8.33%) Python
8 20 (6.94%) Java 8
9 17 (5.90%) R
10 16 (5.56%) ES6
11 15 (5.21%) C++
12 13 (4.51%) T-SQL
13 7 (2.43%) Groovy
14 6 (2.08%) C
14 6 (2.08%) PowerShell
14 6 (2.08%) Scala
15 4 (1.39%) Perl
16 2 (0.69%) PL/SQL
16 2 (0.69%) VBScript
17 1 (0.35%) VB
Qualifications
1 14 (4.86%) Microsoft Certification
2 10 (3.47%) Security Cleared
3 9 (3.13%) Degree
4 4 (1.39%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.35%) BC Cleared
6 1 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.35%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.35%) MCPD
6 1 (0.35%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (5.21%) QA
2 4 (1.39%) SLA
3 2 (0.69%) GDPR
3 2 (0.69%) WCAG
System Software
1 10 (3.47%) Docker
2 6 (2.08%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 4 (1.39%) Kubernetes
1 4 (1.39%) Puppet
2 3 (1.04%) Rancher
3 2 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
3 2 (0.69%) HP ALM
3 2 (0.69%) HP Quality Center
3 2 (0.69%) Mesos
4 1 (0.35%) Terraform
Vendors
1 38 (13.19%) Microsoft
2 18 (6.25%) Google
3 16 (5.56%) Adobe
4 13 (4.51%) IBM
4 13 (4.51%) Oracle
5 10 (3.47%) Zend
6 7 (2.43%) Atlassian
7 6 (2.08%) Capita
7 6 (2.08%) Mapbox
8 5 (1.74%) MuleSoft
8 5 (1.74%) Nintex
9 3 (1.04%) hybris
9 3 (1.04%) New Relic
9 3 (1.04%) SAP
10 2 (0.69%) Cognos
10 2 (0.69%) HP
10 2 (0.69%) Jaspersoft
11 1 (0.35%) Demandware
11 1 (0.35%) ServiceNow
11 1 (0.35%) WSO2