Period
to 17 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 17 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
17 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 35 34 26
Rank change year-on-year -1 -8 -8
Contract jobs citing CSS 269 230 307
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 5.36% 4.82% 5.49%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.44% 18.10% 20.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 200 119 220
East of England median daily rate £365 £340 £345
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.35% -1.45% -5.48%
10th Percentile £263 £241 £200
90th Percentile £525 £475 £475
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 17
East of England median hourly rate £40.00 £31.98 £31.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.10% +1.44% +31.33%
10th Percentile £27.38 £20.78 £11.00
90th Percentile £44.38 £39.88 £51.50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £37.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year +14.86% +19.35% -6.77%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1459 1271 1526
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 29.05% 26.61% 27.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 870 741 954
East of England median daily rate £425 £400 £385
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%
10th Percentile £295 £260 £263
90th Percentile £575 £538 £575
England median daily rate £475 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +11.76% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 42 67
East of England median hourly rate £43.75 £38.13 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.75% +1.67% +1.35%
10th Percentile £26.13 £15.75 £19.79
90th Percentile £73.38 £44.95 £57.50
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 17 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 17 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 17 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire +15 104 £388 +10.71% 31
Cambridgeshire -13 59 £363 +5.07% 26
Norfolk +8 43 £350 +27.27% 9
Essex -13 33 £363 +3.57% 21
Suffolk -1 17 £338 -10.00% 7
Bedfordshire -11 15 £350 +6.87% 8
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 17 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 253 (94.05%) HTML
2 215 (79.93%) JavaScript
3 118 (43.87%) HTML5
4 106 (39.41%) jQuery
5 102 (37.92%) Agile Software Development
6 101 (37.55%) AngularJS
7 81 (30.11%) Front End Development
8 78 (29.00%) .NET
9 75 (27.88%) Git (software)
10 70 (26.02%) CSS3
11 65 (24.16%) SQL
12 62 (23.05%) MVC
13 61 (22.68%) C#
14 57 (21.19%) Java
14 57 (21.19%) Web Services
15 49 (18.22%) Web Development
16 48 (17.84%) XML
17 47 (17.47%) Linux
17 47 (17.47%) TDD
17 47 (17.47%) Node.js
17 47 (17.47%) Sass
18 46 (17.10%) REST
18 46 (17.10%) Ajax
18 46 (17.10%) SQL Server
19 45 (16.73%) Finance
20 43 (15.99%) ASP.NET
21 42 (15.61%) React
22 40 (14.87%) Continuous Integration
23 34 (12.64%) MySQL
23 34 (12.64%) PHP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (8.55%) CMS
2 21 (7.81%) SharePoint
3 17 (6.32%) WebSphere
4 15 (5.58%) IIS
4 15 (5.58%) WebLogic
5 14 (5.20%) Drupal
6 12 (4.46%) Apache
7 11 (4.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 7 (2.60%) WebSphere Application Server
9 6 (2.23%) JBoss
9 6 (2.23%) WordPress
10 4 (1.49%) Sitecore CMS
10 4 (1.49%) Tomcat
11 3 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (1.12%) nginx
11 3 (1.12%) SharePoint 2013
12 2 (0.74%) K2 blackpearl
12 2 (0.74%) SharePoint 2010
13 1 (0.37%) Confluence
13 1 (0.37%) Umbraco
Applications
1 13 (4.83%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 11 (4.09%) Photoshop
3 5 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.86%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (1.12%) Adobe After Effects
5 2 (0.74%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.74%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.37%) GIMP
6 1 (0.37%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 6 (2.23%) Magento
2 1 (0.37%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.37%) CiviCRM
2 1 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.37%) Maximo
2 1 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.37%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.37%) SDL Web 8
2 1 (0.37%) Unica
2 1 (0.37%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 15 (5.58%) Microsoft Azure
2 13 (4.83%) Amazon AWS
3 6 (2.23%) GitHub
4 5 (1.86%) Office 365
4 5 (1.86%) SaaS
5 3 (1.12%) Adobe Creative Cloud
5 3 (1.12%) Azure Active Directory
5 3 (1.12%) Google Analytics
5 3 (1.12%) npm
6 2 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (0.74%) Amazon S3
6 2 (0.74%) CheetahMail
6 2 (0.74%) MailChimp
6 2 (0.74%) Silverpop
7 1 (0.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.37%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (0.37%) Amazon SQS
7 1 (0.37%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.37%) CloudFront
7 1 (0.37%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.72%) HTTP
2 7 (2.60%) Internet
3 6 (2.23%) LDAP
4 5 (1.86%) MQTT
5 4 (1.49%) DNS
5 4 (1.49%) IMAP
5 4 (1.49%) SMTP
6 3 (1.12%) Firewall
6 3 (1.12%) SSL
7 1 (0.37%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (17.10%) SQL Server
2 34 (12.64%) MySQL
3 27 (10.04%) Relational Database
4 12 (4.46%) NoSQL
4 12 (4.46%) SQL Server 2008
5 11 (4.09%) RDBMS
6 9 (3.35%) MongoDB
7 7 (2.60%) SQL Server 2012
8 5 (1.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 4 (1.49%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (1.49%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (1.49%) Redis
9 4 (1.49%) SQL Server 2005
10 3 (1.12%) MariaDB
11 2 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
11 2 (0.74%) Blockchain
11 2 (0.74%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.74%) SQL Server 2014
12 1 (0.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 1 (0.37%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 75 (27.88%) Git (software)
2 25 (9.29%) Jenkins
3 24 (8.92%) Grunt
3 24 (8.92%) JIRA
4 23 (8.55%) Maven
5 22 (8.18%) Jasmine
6 21 (7.81%) gulp
7 19 (7.06%) JUnit
7 19 (7.06%) Karma Test Runner
8 18 (6.69%) Gradle
9 17 (6.32%) Team Foundation Server
10 16 (5.95%) Subversion
11 14 (5.20%) Mocha
12 12 (4.46%) Visual Studio
13 11 (4.09%) Ant
14 10 (3.72%) Protractor
14 10 (3.72%) SoapUI
15 9 (3.35%) Apache Ivy
16 8 (2.97%) IntelliJ
16 8 (2.97%) webpack
General
1 45 (16.73%) Finance
2 26 (9.67%) Marketing
3 20 (7.43%) Retail
4 12 (4.46%) Automotive
5 9 (3.35%) Games
5 9 (3.35%) Publishing
6 5 (1.86%) Advertising
7 3 (1.12%) Legal
7 3 (1.12%) Manufacturing
7 3 (1.12%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.74%) Banking
8 2 (0.74%) Law
9 1 (0.37%) Back Office
9 1 (0.37%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 222 (82.53%) Developer
2 55 (20.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 39 (14.50%) JavaScript Developer
4 30 (11.15%) .NET Developer
5 28 (10.41%) Java Developer
6 24 (8.92%) Senior Developer
7 22 (8.18%) Angular Developer
8 18 (6.69%) C# Developer
9 15 (5.58%) Lead Developer
10 14 (5.20%) HTML Developer
11 13 (4.83%) Full Stack Developer
12 11 (4.09%) C# .NET Developer
12 11 (4.09%) HTML CSS Developer
12 11 (4.09%) Web Developer
13 10 (3.72%) Designer
13 10 (3.72%) Lead .NET Developer
14 9 (3.35%) Applications Developer
14 9 (3.35%) Node.js Developer
14 9 (3.35%) Team Leader
14 9 (3.35%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 253 (94.05%) HTML
2 118 (43.87%) HTML5
3 106 (39.41%) jQuery
4 101 (37.55%) AngularJS
5 78 (29.00%) .NET
6 70 (26.02%) CSS3
7 57 (21.19%) Web Services
8 48 (17.84%) XML
9 47 (17.47%) Node.js
9 47 (17.47%) Sass
10 46 (17.10%) Ajax
10 46 (17.10%) REST
11 43 (15.99%) ASP.NET
12 42 (15.61%) React
13 32 (11.90%) .NET Framework
14 29 (10.78%) JSON
15 28 (10.41%) KnockoutJS
16 27 (10.04%) ASP.NET Web API
17 24 (8.92%) RESTful
17 24 (8.92%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 30 (11.15%) User Experience
2 10 (3.72%) Computer Science
3 7 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
3 7 (2.60%) W3C
4 5 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
4 5 (1.86%) N-Tier
5 4 (1.49%) Graphic Design
5 4 (1.49%) Mobile App
5 4 (1.49%) Social Media
5 4 (1.49%) Web 2.0
6 3 (1.12%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (1.12%) CMDB
7 2 (0.74%) Blog
7 2 (0.74%) Fintech
7 2 (0.74%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.37%) Clustering
8 1 (0.37%) e-Learning
8 1 (0.37%) Replication
8 1 (0.37%) Security Operations Centre
8 1 (0.37%) VLE
Operating Systems
1 47 (17.47%) Linux
2 16 (5.95%) Windows
3 12 (4.46%) Unix
4 8 (2.97%) Windows Server
5 5 (1.86%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.86%) Mac OS X
6 3 (1.12%) Android
7 1 (0.37%) CentOS
7 1 (0.37%) Solaris
7 1 (0.37%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 102 (37.92%) Agile Software Development
2 81 (30.11%) Front End Development
3 62 (23.05%) MVC
4 49 (18.22%) Web Development
5 47 (17.47%) TDD
6 40 (14.87%) Continuous Integration
7 28 (10.41%) Scrum
8 25 (9.29%) E-Commerce
9 24 (8.92%) OO
10 21 (7.81%) Mentoring
11 20 (7.43%) Software Engineering
12 19 (7.06%) Content Management
12 19 (7.06%) SOLID
12 19 (7.06%) Test Automation
13 17 (6.32%) Microservices
14 16 (5.95%) BDD
15 15 (5.58%) Responsive Web Design
15 15 (5.58%) SOA
15 15 (5.58%) Web Application Development
16 12 (4.46%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 215 (79.93%) JavaScript
2 65 (24.16%) SQL
3 61 (22.68%) C#
4 57 (21.19%) Java
5 34 (12.64%) PHP
6 17 (6.32%) C
7 13 (4.83%) Ruby
8 11 (4.09%) C++
8 11 (4.09%) Python
9 9 (3.35%) Groovy
9 9 (3.35%) PowerShell
10 8 (2.97%) ES6
10 8 (2.97%) TypeScript
11 7 (2.60%) PL/SQL
11 7 (2.60%) T-SQL
12 6 (2.23%) Shell Script
13 3 (1.12%) CoffeeScript
13 3 (1.12%) Perl
13 3 (1.12%) R
14 2 (0.74%) Scala
Qualifications
1 22 (8.18%) Degree
2 7 (2.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (1.49%) Security Cleared
4 3 (1.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
5 2 (0.74%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.83%) QA
2 11 (4.09%) WCAG
3 4 (1.49%) SLA
4 2 (0.74%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (0.74%) WAI
System Software
1 9 (3.35%) Docker
2 3 (1.12%) Virtual Desktop
3 2 (0.74%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (1.49%) Ansible
1 4 (1.49%) Puppet
2 3 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
2 3 (1.12%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
3 1 (0.37%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 33 (12.27%) Oracle
2 30 (11.15%) Adobe
3 22 (8.18%) Microsoft
4 9 (3.35%) CA
4 9 (3.35%) CA Agile Central
4 9 (3.35%) IBM
5 6 (2.23%) New Relic
5 6 (2.23%) Salesforce.com
6 5 (1.86%) Google
6 5 (1.86%) Sitecore
7 4 (1.49%) Demandware
7 4 (1.49%) Nintex
7 4 (1.49%) Zend
8 3 (1.12%) Atlassian
8 3 (1.12%) Coveo
8 3 (1.12%) EMC
8 3 (1.12%) Intel
8 3 (1.12%) ServiceNow
8 3 (1.12%) Symantec
8 3 (1.12%) Xamarin