Period
to 19 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 51 32 38
Rank change year-on-year -19 +6 -6
Contract jobs citing CSS 182 260 205
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 4.28% 5.58% 4.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.74% 19.95% 15.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 127 186 105
East of England median daily rate £425 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.33% +7.14% -2.78%
10th Percentile £268 £288 £222
90th Percentile £513 £538 £475
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 7
East of England median hourly rate £18.00 £42.50 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -57.65% +37.10% -27.06%
10th Percentile £17.40 £17.25 £11.45
90th Percentile £31.26 £44.75 £34.65
England median hourly rate £41.00 £45.00 £35.84
% change year-on-year -8.89% +25.55% +6.99%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,087 1,303 1,311
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 25.56% 27.97% 29.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 708 782 789
East of England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £260
90th Percentile £588 £580 £539
England median daily rate £500 £475 £433
% change year-on-year +5.26% +9.83% +1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 25 42
East of England median hourly rate £47.00 £45.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +25.00% -8.86%
10th Percentile £18.75 £19.44 £15.30
90th Percentile £66.81 £77.50 £43.62
England median hourly rate £41.85 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.61% - +3.90%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire -3 74 £425 +9.68% 66
Cambridgeshire 0 41 £445 +18.67% 80
Essex -10 27 £495 +10.00% 43
Suffolk +6 24 £335 +1.13% 19
Bedfordshire +2 15 £350 - 18
Norfolk -25 3 - - 26
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 164 (90.11%) HTML
2 149 (81.87%) JavaScript
3 83 (45.60%) Agile Software Development
4 62 (34.07%) HTML5
5 61 (33.52%) jQuery
6 51 (28.02%) C#
7 50 (27.47%) MVC
8 49 (26.92%) .NET
9 47 (25.82%) AngularJS
10 41 (22.53%) REST
11 40 (21.98%) CSS3
12 39 (21.43%) Front End Development
12 39 (21.43%) ASP.NET
13 38 (20.88%) SQL
13 38 (20.88%) Java
14 36 (19.78%) Git (software)
15 35 (19.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 34 (18.68%) TDD
17 32 (17.58%) Node.js
18 28 (15.38%) Web Development
18 28 (15.38%) React
19 27 (14.84%) PHP
20 26 (14.29%) Microsoft
21 25 (13.74%) Web Services
21 25 (13.74%) XML
21 25 (13.74%) Visual Studio
21 25 (13.74%) E-Commerce
22 24 (13.19%) OO
23 23 (12.64%) SQL Server
23 23 (12.64%) Marketing

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (7.14%) CMS
2 11 (6.04%) SharePoint
3 10 (5.49%) SharePoint 2013
4 9 (4.95%) WebSphere
5 7 (3.85%) Apache
5 7 (3.85%) Cloud Foundry
5 7 (3.85%) IIS
6 6 (3.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 6 (3.30%) WordPress
7 3 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (1.65%) nginx
7 3 (1.65%) WebLogic
8 2 (1.10%) JBoss
8 2 (1.10%) Sitecore CMS
8 2 (1.10%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 4 (2.20%) Photoshop
2 2 (1.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 2 (1.10%) Adobe Illustrator
2 2 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.55%) ImageReady
Business Applications
1 12 (6.59%) Magento
2 9 (4.95%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (1.10%) nopCommerce
4 1 (0.55%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.55%) JDE OneWorld
4 1 (0.55%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 13 (7.14%) Microsoft Azure
2 11 (6.04%) GitHub
3 10 (5.49%) npm
4 8 (4.40%) Office 365
5 6 (3.30%) Amazon AWS
5 6 (3.30%) Google Analytics
6 5 (2.75%) Dynamics 365
6 5 (2.75%) Silverpop
7 4 (2.20%) Azure Active Directory
8 2 (1.10%) Heroku
8 2 (1.10%) SaaS
9 1 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.55%) PaaS
9 1 (0.55%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.85%) HTTP
2 5 (2.75%) Internet
2 5 (2.75%) SMS
3 3 (1.65%) SSL
3 3 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.55%) BGP
4 1 (0.55%) Cisco ASA
4 1 (0.55%) DNS
4 1 (0.55%) FTP
4 1 (0.55%) FWSM
4 1 (0.55%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (12.64%) SQL Server
2 18 (9.89%) MongoDB
3 17 (9.34%) MySQL
4 16 (8.79%) NoSQL
5 14 (7.69%) Relational Database
6 9 (4.95%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (4.40%) Big Data
8 4 (2.20%) RDBMS
9 2 (1.10%) Neo4j
9 2 (1.10%) Power BI
9 2 (1.10%) SQL Server 2014
10 1 (0.55%) CouchDB
10 1 (0.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 1 (0.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 36 (19.78%) Git (software)
2 25 (13.74%) Visual Studio
3 22 (12.09%) gulp
4 20 (10.99%) Jasmine
4 20 (10.99%) Jenkins
5 18 (9.89%) Karma Test Runner
6 15 (8.24%) Grunt
7 14 (7.69%) Selenium
8 13 (7.14%) Protractor
9 11 (6.04%) Eclipse
9 11 (6.04%) JUnit
9 11 (6.04%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (4.95%) Gradle
10 9 (4.95%) Mercurial
10 9 (4.95%) Visual Studio Code
11 8 (4.40%) Ant
11 8 (4.40%) Cucumber
11 8 (4.40%) Maven
11 8 (4.40%) Subversion
12 7 (3.85%) JIRA
General
1 23 (12.64%) Marketing
2 11 (6.04%) Finance
3 8 (4.40%) Telecoms
4 7 (3.85%) Law
4 7 (3.85%) Retail
5 6 (3.30%) Legal
6 4 (2.20%) Manufacturing
7 2 (1.10%) Electronics
7 2 (1.10%) Multimedia
8 1 (0.55%) Advertising
8 1 (0.55%) Back Office
8 1 (0.55%) Games
8 1 (0.55%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 158 (86.81%) Developer
2 32 (17.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 31 (17.03%) .NET Developer
4 23 (12.64%) Java Developer
5 12 (6.59%) ASP.NET Developer
6 11 (6.04%) Full Stack Developer
6 11 (6.04%) SharePoint Developer
7 10 (5.49%) Angular Developer
7 10 (5.49%) JavaScript Developer
7 10 (5.49%) Magento Developer
8 9 (4.95%) C# Developer
8 9 (4.95%) React Developer
8 9 (4.95%) Web Developer
9 8 (4.40%) C# .NET Developer
9 8 (4.40%) Software Engineer
10 7 (3.85%) Senior Developer
11 6 (3.30%) Designer
11 6 (3.30%) PHP Developer
12 5 (2.75%) CRM Developer
12 5 (2.75%) Dynamics CRM Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (90.11%) HTML
2 62 (34.07%) HTML5
3 61 (33.52%) jQuery
4 49 (26.92%) .NET
5 47 (25.82%) AngularJS
6 41 (22.53%) REST
7 40 (21.98%) CSS3
8 39 (21.43%) ASP.NET
9 35 (19.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 32 (17.58%) Node.js
11 28 (15.38%) React
12 25 (13.74%) Web Services
12 25 (13.74%) XML
13 23 (12.64%) Sass
14 22 (12.09%) Spring
15 21 (11.54%) Redux
15 21 (11.54%) RESTful
16 19 (10.44%) Ajax
17 18 (9.89%) ASP.NET Web API
18 15 (8.24%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 15 (8.24%) Greenfield Project
2 14 (7.69%) User Experience
3 9 (4.95%) Mobile App
4 8 (4.40%) Analytical Skills
5 6 (3.30%) Social Media
6 4 (2.20%) Clustering
6 4 (2.20%) Replication
7 3 (1.65%) Algorithms
8 2 (1.10%) Vector Graphics
8 2 (1.10%) W3C
9 1 (0.55%) Animation
9 1 (0.55%) Data Structures
9 1 (0.55%) Digital Media
9 1 (0.55%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 14 (7.69%) Linux
2 9 (4.95%) Windows
3 8 (4.40%) Unix
4 6 (3.30%) Solaris
5 2 (1.10%) Android
5 2 (1.10%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.10%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 83 (45.60%) Agile Software Development
2 50 (27.47%) MVC
3 39 (21.43%) Front End Development
4 34 (18.68%) TDD
5 28 (15.38%) Web Development
6 25 (13.74%) E-Commerce
7 24 (13.19%) OO
8 22 (12.09%) BDD
9 20 (10.99%) Scrum
10 18 (9.89%) Microservices
10 18 (9.89%) Software Engineering
11 15 (8.24%) CRM
11 15 (8.24%) Problem-Solving
12 14 (7.69%) Continuous Integration
13 12 (6.59%) Responsive Web Design
13 12 (6.59%) SDLC
14 11 (6.04%) Workflow
15 10 (5.49%) DevOps
15 10 (5.49%) Open Source
16 9 (4.95%) OO PHP
Programming Languages
1 149 (81.87%) JavaScript
2 51 (28.02%) C#
3 38 (20.88%) Java
3 38 (20.88%) SQL
4 27 (14.84%) PHP
5 22 (12.09%) ES6
6 11 (6.04%) PowerShell
7 9 (4.95%) TypeScript
8 7 (3.85%) Groovy
8 7 (3.85%) Scala
9 5 (2.75%) Haskell
9 5 (2.75%) Python
10 4 (2.20%) Java 8
10 4 (2.20%) Ruby
11 3 (1.65%) Clojure
11 3 (1.65%) Erlang
11 3 (1.65%) F#
11 3 (1.65%) T-SQL
12 2 (1.10%) Perl
12 2 (1.10%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 8 (4.40%) Security Cleared
2 6 (3.30%) Degree
3 3 (1.65%) DBS Check
3 3 (1.65%) SC Cleared
4 2 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.75%) WCAG
2 4 (2.20%) QA
3 1 (0.55%) GDPR
System Software
1 9 (4.95%) Active Directory
2 6 (3.30%) Docker
3 4 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.55%) KVM
Systems Management
1 4 (2.20%) Kibana
2 2 (1.10%) Grafana
2 2 (1.10%) logstash
2 2 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
2 2 (1.10%) Puppet
3 1 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
3 1 (0.55%) FortiGate
3 1 (0.55%) Mesos
Vendors
1 26 (14.29%) Microsoft
2 14 (7.69%) IBM
3 12 (6.59%) Adobe
4 11 (6.04%) Nintex
5 9 (4.95%) Google
5 9 (4.95%) Zend
6 7 (3.85%) Oracle
6 7 (3.85%) Sony
7 4 (2.20%) hybris
8 3 (1.65%) Tableau
9 2 (1.10%) CA Agile Central
9 2 (1.10%) New Relic
9 2 (1.10%) Red Hat
9 2 (1.10%) Sitecore
9 2 (1.10%) Telerik
9 2 (1.10%) webMethods
9 2 (1.10%) Xamarin
10 1 (0.55%) Cisco
10 1 (0.55%) JD Edwards
10 1 (0.55%) Salesforce.com