Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 33 42 27
Rank change year-on-year +9 -15 -7
Contract jobs citing CSS 261 207 272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 5.45% 4.57% 5.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.26% 16.40% 19.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 188 106 165
East of England median daily rate £375 £340 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.29% -2.86% -6.67%
10th Percentile £275 £239 £225
90th Percentile £538 £475 £475
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 19
East of England median hourly rate £41.13 £31.45 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.76% -14.24% -8.33%
10th Percentile £19.80 £11.45 £11.00
90th Percentile £44.63 £39.10 £51.50
England median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £31.76
% change year-on-year +28.57% +10.20% -5.19%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,355 1,262 1,425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 28.31% 27.89% 27.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 825 743 869
East of England median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% -
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £585 £538 £575
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 38 75
East of England median hourly rate £43.75 £37.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.25% -1.23%
10th Percentile £25.95 £15.60 £29.80
90th Percentile £79.38 £44.65 £57.50
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire +8 89 £388 +10.71% 77
Cambridgeshire -10 58 £375 +15.03% 69
Norfolk +16 50 £350 +27.27% 31
Essex -4 30 £430 +22.86% 48
Suffolk +7 20 £331 -8.62% 19
Bedfordshire -12 16 £350 +6.87% 14
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 234 (89.66%) HTML
2 199 (76.25%) JavaScript
3 115 (44.06%) jQuery
4 105 (40.23%) HTML5
5 102 (39.08%) AngularJS
6 99 (37.93%) Agile Software Development
7 81 (31.03%) Front End Development
8 77 (29.50%) Git (software)
9 75 (28.74%) .NET
10 68 (26.05%) CSS3
11 61 (23.37%) MVC
12 60 (22.99%) C#
13 59 (22.61%) SQL
14 58 (22.22%) Java
15 55 (21.07%) Web Services
16 52 (19.92%) Sass
17 51 (19.54%) Web Development
18 46 (17.62%) TDD
19 45 (17.24%) React
20 43 (16.48%) XML
20 43 (16.48%) Finance
21 41 (15.71%) ASP.NET
21 41 (15.71%) Linux
22 40 (15.33%) Node.js
22 40 (15.33%) REST
23 39 (14.94%) Ajax
24 37 (14.18%) KnockoutJS
25 36 (13.79%) Continuous Integration
25 36 (13.79%) MySQL
25 36 (13.79%) SQL Server

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (9.20%) CMS
2 15 (5.75%) Apache
3 14 (5.36%) Drupal
3 14 (5.36%) SharePoint
4 13 (4.98%) WebLogic
5 12 (4.60%) WebSphere
6 10 (3.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 9 (3.45%) IIS
7 9 (3.45%) JBoss
8 7 (2.68%) Sitecore CMS
9 6 (2.30%) WebSphere Application Server
9 6 (2.30%) WordPress
10 3 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
10 3 (1.15%) nginx
11 2 (0.77%) SharePoint 2013
11 2 (0.77%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.38%) Commerce Server
12 1 (0.38%) Magnolia
12 1 (0.38%) Umbraco
12 1 (0.38%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 13 (4.98%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 10 (3.83%) Photoshop
3 6 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.77%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.38%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 6 (2.30%) Magento
2 1 (0.38%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.38%) CiviCRM
2 1 (0.38%) Maximo
2 1 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.38%) Shopify
2 1 (0.38%) Unica
2 1 (0.38%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 17 (6.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 13 (4.98%) Amazon AWS
3 6 (2.30%) Azure Active Directory
4 5 (1.92%) SaaS
5 3 (1.15%) Office 365
6 2 (0.77%) CheetahMail
6 2 (0.77%) GitHub
6 2 (0.77%) Google Analytics
6 2 (0.77%) MailChimp
6 2 (0.77%) npm
6 2 (0.77%) Silverpop
7 1 (0.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.38%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (0.38%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.38%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.45%) HTTP
2 8 (3.07%) LDAP
3 6 (2.30%) Internet
4 5 (1.92%) MQTT
5 4 (1.53%) DNS
5 4 (1.53%) IMAP
5 4 (1.53%) SMTP
6 1 (0.38%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (13.79%) MySQL
1 36 (13.79%) SQL Server
2 26 (9.96%) Relational Database
3 12 (4.60%) SQL Server 2008
4 9 (3.45%) MongoDB
5 8 (3.07%) NoSQL
5 8 (3.07%) RDBMS
6 6 (2.30%) SQL Server 2012
7 4 (1.53%) Oracle Reports
7 4 (1.53%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (1.53%) Redis
7 4 (1.53%) SQL Server 2005
7 4 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 3 (1.15%) MariaDB
9 2 (0.77%) Blockchain
9 2 (0.77%) Oracle Database
10 1 (0.38%) Amazon RDS
10 1 (0.38%) Geospatial Data
10 1 (0.38%) Hazelcast
10 1 (0.38%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 77 (29.50%) Git (software)
2 25 (9.58%) Jasmine
2 25 (9.58%) Jenkins
3 23 (8.81%) Karma Test Runner
4 22 (8.43%) JIRA
5 20 (7.66%) Grunt
5 20 (7.66%) JUnit
5 20 (7.66%) Subversion
6 19 (7.28%) gulp
7 18 (6.90%) Maven
8 17 (6.51%) Gradle
8 17 (6.51%) Mocha
9 14 (5.36%) Team Foundation Server
10 13 (4.98%) Visual Studio
11 11 (4.21%) Protractor
12 9 (3.45%) Apache Ivy
12 9 (3.45%) Vagrant
12 9 (3.45%) webpack
13 8 (3.07%) Ant
14 7 (2.68%) IntelliJ
General
1 43 (16.48%) Finance
2 26 (9.96%) Marketing
3 20 (7.66%) Retail
4 9 (3.45%) Automotive
5 8 (3.07%) Games
5 8 (3.07%) Publishing
6 5 (1.92%) Advertising
7 4 (1.53%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.77%) Back Office
8 2 (0.77%) Banking
8 2 (0.77%) Law
8 2 (0.77%) Legal
8 2 (0.77%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.38%) Billing
9 1 (0.38%) Front Office
9 1 (0.38%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 222 (85.06%) Developer
2 56 (21.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 39 (14.94%) JavaScript Developer
4 31 (11.88%) .NET Developer
5 29 (11.11%) Java Developer
6 23 (8.81%) Senior Developer
7 22 (8.43%) Angular Developer
8 18 (6.90%) C# Developer
9 17 (6.51%) Lead Developer
10 13 (4.98%) C# .NET Developer
10 13 (4.98%) Full Stack Developer
11 12 (4.60%) HTML Developer
12 10 (3.83%) HTML CSS Developer
12 10 (3.83%) Lead .NET Developer
12 10 (3.83%) Web Developer
13 9 (3.45%) .NET Team Leader
13 9 (3.45%) Node.js Developer
13 9 (3.45%) Team Leader
14 8 (3.07%) Development Team Leader
14 8 (3.07%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (89.66%) HTML
2 115 (44.06%) jQuery
3 105 (40.23%) HTML5
4 102 (39.08%) AngularJS
5 75 (28.74%) .NET
6 68 (26.05%) CSS3
7 55 (21.07%) Web Services
8 52 (19.92%) Sass
9 45 (17.24%) React
10 43 (16.48%) XML
11 41 (15.71%) ASP.NET
12 40 (15.33%) Node.js
12 40 (15.33%) REST
13 39 (14.94%) Ajax
14 37 (14.18%) KnockoutJS
15 30 (11.49%) .NET Framework
15 30 (11.49%) Spring
16 26 (9.96%) ASP.NET Web API
17 25 (9.58%) JSON
18 20 (7.66%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 25 (9.58%) User Experience
2 7 (2.68%) Computer Science
2 7 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
2 7 (2.68%) N-Tier
2 7 (2.68%) W3C
3 6 (2.30%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
4 4 (1.53%) Social Media
5 3 (1.15%) CMDB
5 3 (1.15%) Fintech
5 3 (1.15%) Mobile App
6 2 (0.77%) Blog
6 2 (0.77%) Graphic Design
6 2 (0.77%) Management Information System
6 2 (0.77%) Web 2.0
7 1 (0.38%) Clustering
7 1 (0.38%) e-Learning
7 1 (0.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 1 (0.38%) Replication
7 1 (0.38%) VLE
Operating Systems
1 41 (15.71%) Linux
2 12 (4.60%) Windows
3 11 (4.21%) Unix
4 7 (2.68%) Mac OS X
5 4 (1.53%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.15%) Android
6 3 (1.15%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.38%) CentOS
7 1 (0.38%) Solaris
7 1 (0.38%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 99 (37.93%) Agile Software Development
2 81 (31.03%) Front End Development
3 61 (23.37%) MVC
4 51 (19.54%) Web Development
5 46 (17.62%) TDD
6 36 (13.79%) Continuous Integration
7 29 (11.11%) Scrum
8 23 (8.81%) Test Automation
9 22 (8.43%) Mentoring
9 22 (8.43%) Microservices
9 22 (8.43%) Software Engineering
10 20 (7.66%) Content Management
10 20 (7.66%) E-Commerce
11 18 (6.90%) Web Application Development
12 17 (6.51%) OO
13 16 (6.13%) SOA
13 16 (6.13%) SOLID
14 14 (5.36%) BDD
14 14 (5.36%) Continuous Deployment
15 12 (4.60%) Responsive Web Design
Programming Languages
1 199 (76.25%) JavaScript
2 60 (22.99%) C#
3 59 (22.61%) SQL
4 58 (22.22%) Java
5 32 (12.26%) PHP
6 19 (7.28%) C
7 13 (4.98%) Ruby
8 12 (4.60%) Python
9 10 (3.83%) C++
10 9 (3.45%) PL/SQL
11 8 (3.07%) ES6
11 8 (3.07%) Groovy
11 8 (3.07%) PowerShell
12 7 (2.68%) TypeScript
13 5 (1.92%) T-SQL
14 4 (1.53%) R
15 3 (1.15%) Scala
15 3 (1.15%) VB.NET
16 2 (0.77%) Shell Script
16 2 (0.77%) XPath
Qualifications
1 15 (5.75%) Degree
2 5 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
2 5 (1.92%) Security Cleared
3 3 (1.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 2 (0.77%) HND
5 1 (0.38%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.98%) QA
2 11 (4.21%) WCAG
3 2 (0.77%) WAI
4 1 (0.38%) SLA
System Software
1 15 (5.75%) Docker
2 3 (1.15%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 7 (2.68%) Puppet
2 6 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (1.53%) Ansible
4 2 (0.77%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 30 (11.49%) Oracle
2 28 (10.73%) Adobe
3 18 (6.90%) Microsoft
4 8 (3.07%) Sitecore
5 7 (2.68%) Google
5 7 (2.68%) IBM
6 6 (2.30%) Coveo
6 6 (2.30%) New Relic
6 6 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (1.92%) CA
7 5 (1.92%) CA Agile Central
8 4 (1.53%) Demandware
8 4 (1.53%) Zend
9 3 (1.15%) Atlassian
9 3 (1.15%) ServiceNow
9 3 (1.15%) Xamarin
10 2 (0.77%) Capita
10 2 (0.77%) Nintex
10 2 (0.77%) SAP
10 2 (0.77%) Twitter