Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 90 72 48
Rank change year-on-year -18 -24 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 53 47 79
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 2.11% 2.37% 3.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.65% 11.52% 13.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 35 28 50
10th Percentile £313 £298 £273
25th Percentile £418 £363 £352
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £406 £400
Median % change year-on-year +23.08% +1.56% -
75th Percentile £618 £494 £438
90th Percentile £665 £550 £491
England median daily rate £538 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +16.22% +2.78% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 0
10th Percentile £55.29 £42.00 -
25th Percentile £59.48 £47.44 -
Median hourly rate £65.49 £56.50 -
Median % change year-on-year +15.91% - -
75th Percentile £69.77 - -
90th Percentile £74.11 - -
England median hourly rate £55.50 £43.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year +28.32% +8.13% -20.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 419 408 565
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 16.72% 20.53% 27.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 282 244 398
10th Percentile £360 £309 £325
25th Percentile £413 £390 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £518 £463 £455
Median % change year-on-year +11.96% +1.65% +1.11%
75th Percentile £610 £545 £531
90th Percentile £711 £613 £575
England median daily rate £575 £511 £500
% change year-on-year +12.52% +2.20% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 14 8
10th Percentile £24.53 £20.65 £41.40
25th Percentile £48.50 £44.00 £45.56
Median hourly rate £53.75 £45.50 £57.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.13% -20.18% +20.00%
75th Percentile £70.38 £50.00 £66.00
90th Percentile £76.89 £54.77 £68.70
England median hourly rate £52.75 £45.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +17.22% -2.17% +2.22%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Hertfordshire -10 19 £500 +14.61% 13
Cambridgeshire -12 18 £500 +33.33% 19
Essex -4 8 £500 +30.55% 9
Suffolk -6 4 £619 +65.00% 6
Norfolk -1 2 £313 -3.85% 1
Bedfordshire - 2 - - 2
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 50 (94.34%) HTML
2 40 (75.47%) JavaScript
3 26 (49.06%) Agile
4 23 (43.40%) HTML5
4 23 (43.40%) AngularJS
5 19 (35.85%) React
5 19 (35.85%) SQL
6 18 (33.96%) Web Development
7 15 (28.30%) Java
7 15 (28.30%) C#
8 14 (26.42%) TypeScript
8 14 (26.42%) Node.js
8 14 (26.42%) CSS3
8 14 (26.42%) jQuery
8 14 (26.42%) Full Stack Development
9 13 (24.53%) REST
10 12 (22.64%) Git (software)
11 11 (20.75%) Web Services
11 11 (20.75%) E-Commerce
11 11 (20.75%) TDD
11 11 (20.75%) Social Skills
11 11 (20.75%) Front End Development
12 10 (18.87%) .NET
13 9 (16.98%) JSON
13 9 (16.98%) JIRA
13 9 (16.98%) Azure
13 9 (16.98%) AWS
13 9 (16.98%) DevOps
14 8 (15.09%) ES6
14 8 (15.09%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (11.32%) Apache
2 5 (9.43%) IIS
3 4 (7.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 4 (7.55%) WebLogic
4 2 (3.77%) CMS
4 2 (3.77%) Confluence
4 2 (3.77%) IBM Domino
4 2 (3.77%) SharePoint
5 1 (1.89%) EPiServer
5 1 (1.89%) JBoss
5 1 (1.89%) Oracle HTTP Server
5 1 (1.89%) Sitecore CMS
5 1 (1.89%) Tomcat
5 1 (1.89%) Umbraco
5 1 (1.89%) WebSphere
5 1 (1.89%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (3.77%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (3.77%) Magento
1 2 (3.77%) Shopify
2 1 (1.89%) assyst
2 1 (1.89%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 9 (16.98%) AWS
1 9 (16.98%) Azure
2 6 (11.32%) GitHub
3 5 (9.43%) AWS Lambda
3 5 (9.43%) Azure DevOps
3 5 (9.43%) Serverless
4 3 (5.66%) Adobe Analytics
4 3 (5.66%) Amazon ECS
4 3 (5.66%) BlazeMeter
5 2 (3.77%) Amazon S3
5 2 (3.77%) Microsoft 365
5 2 (3.77%) Power Platform
5 2 (3.77%) SAP Commerce Cloud
6 1 (1.89%) Akamai
6 1 (1.89%) Amazon EKS
6 1 (1.89%) Apigee
6 1 (1.89%) GCP
6 1 (1.89%) npm
6 1 (1.89%) PowerApps
6 1 (1.89%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (7.55%) Intranet
2 3 (5.66%) FTP
3 1 (1.89%) HTTP
3 1 (1.89%) Internet
3 1 (1.89%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (15.09%) SQL Server
2 4 (7.55%) Oracle Database
3 3 (5.66%) Amazon RDS
3 3 (5.66%) DynamoDB
3 3 (5.66%) MySQL
3 3 (5.66%) NoSQL
3 3 (5.66%) Oracle Database 12c
3 3 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
3 3 (5.66%) Relational Database
4 2 (3.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 1 (1.89%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 12 (22.64%) Git (software)
2 9 (16.98%) JIRA
3 7 (13.21%) webpack
4 6 (11.32%) Jenkins
4 6 (11.32%) Selenium
5 4 (7.55%) Eclipse
5 4 (7.55%) Gradle
6 3 (5.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (5.66%) Cucumber
6 3 (5.66%) git-flow
6 3 (5.66%) Grunt
6 3 (5.66%) JDeveloper
6 3 (5.66%) JMeter
6 3 (5.66%) Maven
6 3 (5.66%) Oracle APEX
6 3 (5.66%) Oracle Forms
6 3 (5.66%) Sonatype Nexus
6 3 (5.66%) Storybook
6 3 (5.66%) Subversion
7 2 (3.77%) ESLint
General
1 11 (20.75%) Social Skills
2 6 (11.32%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (7.55%) Pharmaceutical
4 3 (5.66%) Public Sector
5 2 (3.77%) Marketing
5 2 (3.77%) Retail
6 1 (1.89%) Finance
6 1 (1.89%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 38 (71.70%) Developer
2 12 (22.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 8 (15.09%) Web Developer
4 6 (11.32%) Full Stack Developer
4 6 (11.32%) Java Developer
4 6 (11.32%) Senior Developer
5 5 (9.43%) .NET Developer
5 5 (9.43%) JavaScript Developer
5 5 (9.43%) React Developer
6 4 (7.55%) Angular Developer
6 4 (7.55%) Designer
6 4 (7.55%) Senior Front-End Developer
7 3 (5.66%) Analyst
7 3 (5.66%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 3 (5.66%) Senior Designer
7 3 (5.66%) UI Developer
7 3 (5.66%) UX Engineer
7 3 (5.66%) Web UI Developer
8 2 (3.77%) Azure Developer
8 2 (3.77%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (94.34%) HTML
2 23 (43.40%) AngularJS
2 23 (43.40%) HTML5
3 19 (35.85%) React
4 14 (26.42%) CSS3
4 14 (26.42%) jQuery
4 14 (26.42%) Node.js
5 13 (24.53%) REST
6 11 (20.75%) Web Services
7 10 (18.87%) .NET
8 9 (16.98%) JSON
9 8 (15.09%) RESTful
9 8 (15.09%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 8 (15.09%) XML
10 7 (13.21%) Redux
10 7 (13.21%) Sass
11 5 (9.43%) Ajax
11 5 (9.43%) Vue.js
12 4 (7.55%) SOAP
12 4 (7.55%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 6 (11.32%) User Experience
2 5 (9.43%) Virtual Team
3 3 (5.66%) Cloud Native
3 3 (5.66%) Mobile App
3 3 (5.66%) W3C
4 2 (3.77%) Client/Server
5 1 (1.89%) Data Protection Act
5 1 (1.89%) Life Science
5 1 (1.89%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 5 (9.43%) Linux
2 1 (1.89%) Solaris
2 1 (1.89%) Unix
2 1 (1.89%) Windows
2 1 (1.89%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 26 (49.06%) Agile
2 18 (33.96%) Web Development
3 14 (26.42%) Full Stack Development
4 11 (20.75%) E-Commerce
4 11 (20.75%) Front End Development
4 11 (20.75%) TDD
5 9 (16.98%) DevOps
6 8 (15.09%) CI/CD
6 8 (15.09%) Responsive Web Design
7 7 (13.21%) Microservices
7 7 (13.21%) MVC
8 6 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
8 6 (11.32%) Migration
8 6 (11.32%) Problem-Solving
8 6 (11.32%) Scrum
9 5 (9.43%) Analytics
9 5 (9.43%) B2C
9 5 (9.43%) CRM
10 4 (7.55%) OO
10 4 (7.55%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 40 (75.47%) JavaScript
2 19 (35.85%) SQL
3 15 (28.30%) C#
3 15 (28.30%) Java
4 14 (26.42%) TypeScript
5 8 (15.09%) ES6
6 6 (11.32%) Python
7 3 (5.66%) Groovy
7 3 (5.66%) PHP
7 3 (5.66%) PL/SQL
7 3 (5.66%) PowerShell
7 3 (5.66%) T-SQL
8 2 (3.77%) Bash
8 2 (3.77%) VBScript
9 1 (1.89%) C
9 1 (1.89%) Lua
Qualifications
1 3 (5.66%) Security Cleared
2 2 (3.77%) Degree
2 2 (3.77%) SC Cleared
3 1 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (9.43%) QA
2 4 (7.55%) Accessibility
3 3 (5.66%) WAI
4 1 (1.89%) GDPR
4 1 (1.89%) WCAG
System Software
1 5 (9.43%) Docker
2 1 (1.89%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 2 (3.77%) Terraform
2 1 (1.89%) Active Directory Federation Services
2 1 (1.89%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 7 (13.21%) Adobe
1 7 (13.21%) Oracle
2 6 (11.32%) Microsoft
3 2 (3.77%) ServiceNow
3 2 (3.77%) Sitecore
3 2 (3.77%) Xerox
4 1 (1.89%) ATG
4 1 (1.89%) Coveo
4 1 (1.89%) Google
4 1 (1.89%) HubSpot
4 1 (1.89%) IBM
4 1 (1.89%) Marketo
4 1 (1.89%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
4 1 (1.89%) Salesforce.com