Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 54 49
Rank change year-on-year -17 -5 -7
Contract jobs citing CSS 68 36 177
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 2.71% 2.91% 4.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.95% 10.59% 17.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 48 27 98
10th Percentile £359 £256 £309
25th Percentile £400 £306 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £413 £425
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -2.94% +9.68%
75th Percentile £494 £503 £456
90th Percentile £558 £525 £488
England median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £39.00 -
England median hourly rate £48.27 £42.50 £47.00
% change year-on-year +13.56% -9.57% +18.24%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 525 340 1,027
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 20.96% 27.51% 25.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 331 236 661
10th Percentile £325 £279 £325
25th Percentile £400 £361 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
75th Percentile £550 £526 £525
90th Percentile £600 £581 £625
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 14 11
10th Percentile £11.45 £36.20 £41.00
25th Percentile £23.31 £47.19 £41.25
Median hourly rate £48.50 £50.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.00% +17.65% -
75th Percentile £50.00 £56.88 £46.88
90th Percentile £59.35 £66.00 £57.50
England median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.36%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire -17 28 £413 -13.16% 47
Essex -3 21 £470 +56.67% 23
Cambridgeshire -18 18 £500 +14.29% 45
Suffolk -11 1 £375 -6.25% 3
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 67 (98.53%) HTML
2 61 (89.71%) JavaScript
3 39 (57.35%) Agile Software Development
4 32 (47.06%) HTML5
5 31 (45.59%) React
6 28 (41.18%) C#
7 27 (39.71%) Java
8 23 (33.82%) Git (software)
9 22 (32.35%) .NET
10 21 (30.88%) TypeScript
11 20 (29.41%) SQL
12 19 (27.94%) Social Skills
13 18 (26.47%) CSS3
14 17 (25.00%) Node.js
14 17 (25.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 17 (25.00%) MVC
14 17 (25.00%) Scrum
14 17 (25.00%) Front End Development
15 16 (23.53%) AngularJS
15 16 (23.53%) Azure
15 16 (23.53%) jQuery
16 15 (22.06%) RESTful
16 15 (22.06%) Sass
16 15 (22.06%) TDD
16 15 (22.06%) Spring
16 15 (22.06%) SQL Server
16 15 (22.06%) XML
16 15 (22.06%) ES6
16 15 (22.06%) Jest
16 15 (22.06%) Accessibility

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (11.76%) IBM Domino
2 7 (10.29%) Confluence
3 3 (4.41%) CMS
3 3 (4.41%) JBoss
3 3 (4.41%) SharePoint
3 3 (4.41%) WebLogic
4 2 (2.94%) Apache
4 2 (2.94%) IIS
4 2 (2.94%) Umbraco
5 1 (1.47%) Apache Solr
5 1 (1.47%) CoreMedia CMS
5 1 (1.47%) nginx
5 1 (1.47%) SAS
5 1 (1.47%) SharePoint 2013
5 1 (1.47%) Sitecore CMS
5 1 (1.47%) WebSphere
5 1 (1.47%) WordPress
Applications
1 1 (1.47%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (11.76%) Magento
2 7 (10.29%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 16 (23.53%) Azure
2 6 (8.82%) Serverless
3 5 (7.35%) PaaS
4 4 (5.88%) AWS
4 4 (5.88%) Azure Cosmos DB
4 4 (5.88%) Azure Event Grid
4 4 (5.88%) Azure Functions
4 4 (5.88%) Azure Pipelines
4 4 (5.88%) Azure Service Bus
5 3 (4.41%) Akamai
5 3 (4.41%) Yarn
6 2 (2.94%) Amazon S3
6 2 (2.94%) BlazeMeter
6 2 (2.94%) GitHub
6 2 (2.94%) Microsoft 365
6 2 (2.94%) npm
7 1 (1.47%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 1 (1.47%) AWS CodeCommit
7 1 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (1.47%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.47%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (22.06%) SQL Server
2 11 (16.18%) Relational Database
3 10 (14.71%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (8.82%) NoSQL
5 4 (5.88%) MongoDB
6 3 (4.41%) MySQL
7 2 (2.94%) GIS
7 2 (2.94%) Metadata
7 2 (2.94%) SQL Server 2017
7 2 (2.94%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 2 (2.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 1 (1.47%) Amazon RDS
8 1 (1.47%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (1.47%) Ingres
8 1 (1.47%) SQL Server 2005
8 1 (1.47%) SQL Server 2016
8 1 (1.47%) SQL Server 2019
8 1 (1.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 23 (33.82%) Git (software)
2 12 (17.65%) JIRA
2 12 (17.65%) JMeter
3 10 (14.71%) webpack
4 7 (10.29%) Cypress.io
4 7 (10.29%) ESLint
4 7 (10.29%) Jenkins
5 5 (7.35%) Selenium
6 3 (4.41%) git-flow
6 3 (4.41%) JUnit
7 2 (2.94%) Eclipse
7 2 (2.94%) GitLab
7 2 (2.94%) gulp
7 2 (2.94%) IntelliJ
8 1 (1.47%) Artifactory
8 1 (1.47%) Bower
8 1 (1.47%) Grunt
8 1 (1.47%) Karma Test Runner
8 1 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
8 1 (1.47%) xUnit.net
General
1 19 (27.94%) Social Skills
2 12 (17.65%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (8.82%) Public Sector
3 6 (8.82%) Retail
4 3 (4.41%) Finance
5 2 (2.94%) Marketing
6 1 (1.47%) Influencing Skills
6 1 (1.47%) Manufacturing
6 1 (1.47%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 54 (79.41%) Developer
2 21 (30.88%) React Developer
3 12 (17.65%) .NET Developer
4 11 (16.18%) Analyst
4 11 (16.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 11 (16.18%) Senior Developer
5 8 (11.76%) C# Developer
5 8 (11.76%) Test Analyst
6 5 (7.35%) Full Stack Developer
7 4 (5.88%) Azure Developer
7 4 (5.88%) C# .NET Developer
7 4 (5.88%) Java Developer
7 4 (5.88%) Senior .NET Developer
8 3 (4.41%) Lead Developer
8 3 (4.41%) Performance Analyst
8 3 (4.41%) Performance Test Analyst
8 3 (4.41%) Python Developer
8 3 (4.41%) Web Developer
9 2 (2.94%) Applications Developer
9 2 (2.94%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (98.53%) HTML
2 32 (47.06%) HTML5
3 31 (45.59%) React
4 22 (32.35%) .NET
5 18 (26.47%) CSS3
6 17 (25.00%) Node.js
6 17 (25.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 16 (23.53%) AngularJS
7 16 (23.53%) jQuery
8 15 (22.06%) Jest
8 15 (22.06%) RESTful
8 15 (22.06%) Sass
8 15 (22.06%) Spring
8 15 (22.06%) XML
9 14 (20.59%) ASP.NET Web API
10 13 (19.12%) Redux
11 11 (16.18%) Spring Boot
12 10 (14.71%) .NET Framework
12 10 (14.71%) Entity Framework
12 10 (14.71%) Thymeleaf
Miscellaneous
1 7 (10.29%) User Experience
2 3 (4.41%) Enterprise Software
2 3 (4.41%) iPad
3 2 (2.94%) FMCG
3 2 (2.94%) Life Science
4 1 (1.47%) Client/Server
4 1 (1.47%) Greenfield Project
4 1 (1.47%) Legacy Applications
4 1 (1.47%) Legacy Systems
4 1 (1.47%) Marketing Technology
4 1 (1.47%) N-Tier
4 1 (1.47%) Public Cloud
4 1 (1.47%) Vector Graphics
4 1 (1.47%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 3 (4.41%) Unix
2 2 (2.94%) Linux
3 1 (1.47%) Android
3 1 (1.47%) Mac OS X
3 1 (1.47%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (57.35%) Agile Software Development
2 17 (25.00%) Front End Development
2 17 (25.00%) MVC
2 17 (25.00%) Scrum
3 15 (22.06%) TDD
4 14 (20.59%) DevOps
5 13 (19.12%) E-Commerce
5 13 (19.12%) Unit Testing
6 12 (17.65%) Regression Testing
6 12 (17.65%) Web Development
7 11 (16.18%) Collaborative Working
7 11 (16.18%) Continuous Integration
8 10 (14.71%) Full Stack Development
8 10 (14.71%) Scenario Testing
9 9 (13.24%) Content Management
9 9 (13.24%) Critical Thinking
9 9 (13.24%) Sprint Planning
10 8 (11.76%) Responsive Web Design
11 7 (10.29%) Adaptive Web Design
11 7 (10.29%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 61 (89.71%) JavaScript
2 28 (41.18%) C#
3 27 (39.71%) Java
4 21 (30.88%) TypeScript
5 20 (29.41%) SQL
6 15 (22.06%) ES6
7 11 (16.18%) PHP
8 6 (8.82%) T-SQL
9 5 (7.35%) Python
10 3 (4.41%) Scala
11 2 (2.94%) PowerShell
12 1 (1.47%) Bash Shell
12 1 (1.47%) Go
12 1 (1.47%) Groovy
12 1 (1.47%) Kotlin
12 1 (1.47%) Ruby
12 1 (1.47%) VB
12 1 (1.47%) VB6
12 1 (1.47%) VBA
12 1 (1.47%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 6 (8.82%) ISTQB
1 6 (8.82%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
2 2 (2.94%) Security Cleared
3 1 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.47%) Degree
3 1 (1.47%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (22.06%) Accessibility
2 2 (2.94%) QA
2 2 (2.94%) WCAG
3 1 (1.47%) Data Quality
System Software
1 13 (19.12%) Docker
Systems Management
1 7 (10.29%) Kubernetes
2 6 (8.82%) Data Guard
3 2 (2.94%) Puppet
4 1 (1.47%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (1.47%) Terraform
Vendors
1 12 (17.65%) Oracle
2 8 (11.76%) Microsoft
2 8 (11.76%) Xerox
3 7 (10.29%) hybris
4 5 (7.35%) Adobe
5 3 (4.41%) Sitecore
6 2 (2.94%) Coveo
6 2 (2.94%) MuleSoft
6 2 (2.94%) webMethods
7 1 (1.47%) CA Agile Central
7 1 (1.47%) Google
7 1 (1.47%) IBM
7 1 (1.47%) Nintex