Period
to 27 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 27 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
27 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 75 48 49
Rank change year-on-year -27 +1 -16
Contract jobs citing CSS 55 71 206
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 2.50% 4.06% 4.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.14% 14.46% 17.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 32 49 120
10th Percentile £351 £243 £299
25th Percentile £363 £334 £340
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £413 £400 £420
Median % change year-on-year +3.13% -4.76% +8.74%
75th Percentile £488 £438 £450
90th Percentile £545 £525 £525
England median daily rate £473 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £56.50 - -
England median hourly rate £45.88 £33.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year +35.93% -32.50% +17.65%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 453 491 1,202
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 20.56% 28.06% 27.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 281 352 731
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £473 £450
Median % change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £550 £538 £525
90th Percentile £625 £575 £600
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 8 22
10th Percentile £11.25 £41.40 £27.08
25th Percentile £27.00 £45.56 £41.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £57.00 £45.75
Median % change year-on-year -21.05% +24.59% +28.87%
75th Percentile £50.18 £66.00 £54.56
90th Percentile £56.53 £68.70 £66.45
England median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +2.22% - +8.15%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 27 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 27 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 27 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire -19 31 £413 +3.13% 43
Essex +13 10 £430 +22.86% 23
Cambridgeshire -20 10 £419 -0.89% 36
Norfolk -4 3 £325 +8.33% 6
Suffolk -8 1 £375 -6.25% 6
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 27 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 53 (96.36%) HTML
2 48 (87.27%) JavaScript
3 34 (61.82%) HTML5
4 32 (58.18%) Agile Software Development
5 25 (45.45%) C#
6 23 (41.82%) Java
7 19 (34.55%) SQL
7 19 (34.55%) CSS3
7 19 (34.55%) Git (software)
7 19 (34.55%) React
7 19 (34.55%) Social Skills
8 18 (32.73%) XML
9 17 (30.91%) .NET
10 15 (27.27%) AngularJS
10 15 (27.27%) TypeScript
10 15 (27.27%) Node.js
11 14 (25.45%) Scrum
12 13 (23.64%) PHP
13 12 (21.82%) Front End Development
14 11 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
14 11 (20.00%) ASP.NET
14 11 (20.00%) TDD
14 11 (20.00%) Unit Testing
15 10 (18.18%) Spring
15 10 (18.18%) E-Commerce
15 10 (18.18%) MVC
15 10 (18.18%) Azure
15 10 (18.18%) Sass
15 10 (18.18%) ES6
15 10 (18.18%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (14.55%) IBM Domino
2 6 (10.91%) WebLogic
3 3 (5.45%) Apache
3 3 (5.45%) CMS
3 3 (5.45%) Elasticsearch
3 3 (5.45%) JBoss
4 2 (3.64%) Confluence
4 2 (3.64%) WordPress
5 1 (1.82%) Apache Solr
5 1 (1.82%) CoreMedia CMS
5 1 (1.82%) Drupal
5 1 (1.82%) nginx
5 1 (1.82%) SAS
5 1 (1.82%) Sitecore CMS
5 1 (1.82%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 9 (16.36%) Magento
2 8 (14.55%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 10 (18.18%) Azure
2 4 (7.27%) Serverless
3 3 (5.45%) Azure Cosmos DB
3 3 (5.45%) Azure Event Grid
3 3 (5.45%) Azure Functions
3 3 (5.45%) Azure Pipelines
3 3 (5.45%) Azure Service Bus
4 2 (3.64%) Akamai
4 2 (3.64%) AWS
4 2 (3.64%) Google Analytics
4 2 (3.64%) PaaS
5 1 (1.82%) AWS CodeCommit
5 1 (1.82%) BlazeMeter
5 1 (1.82%) GCP
5 1 (1.82%) Google Tag Manager
5 1 (1.82%) npm
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (16.36%) NoSQL
2 8 (14.55%) MongoDB
3 6 (10.91%) PostgreSQL
3 6 (10.91%) Relational Database
4 5 (9.09%) SQL Server
5 4 (7.27%) Oracle Database
5 4 (7.27%) Oracle Database 12c
6 3 (5.45%) MySQL
6 3 (5.45%) Oracle Reports
7 1 (1.82%) Metadata
7 1 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (1.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 19 (34.55%) Git (software)
2 7 (12.73%) Cypress.io
2 7 (12.73%) ESLint
2 7 (12.73%) JMeter
2 7 (12.73%) webpack
3 6 (10.91%) IntelliJ
3 6 (10.91%) Jenkins
3 6 (10.91%) JIRA
4 5 (9.09%) Eclipse
4 5 (9.09%) Oracle APEX
5 4 (7.27%) Maven
5 4 (7.27%) Selenium
6 3 (5.45%) JUnit
6 3 (5.45%) Octopus Deploy
6 3 (5.45%) Oracle Forms
7 2 (3.64%) Eclipse RCP
7 2 (3.64%) git-flow
7 2 (3.64%) SonarQube
7 2 (3.64%) TeamCity
8 1 (1.82%) MSTest
General
1 19 (34.55%) Social Skills
2 7 (12.73%) Retail
3 5 (9.09%) Analytical Skills
4 3 (5.45%) Marketing
4 3 (5.45%) Public Sector
5 2 (3.64%) Influencing Skills
5 2 (3.64%) Manufacturing
6 1 (1.82%) Advertising
6 1 (1.82%) Finance
Job Titles
1 46 (83.64%) Developer
2 11 (20.00%) .NET Developer
3 10 (18.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 10 (18.18%) React Developer
4 7 (12.73%) Full Stack Developer
5 6 (10.91%) Java Developer
6 5 (9.09%) Analyst
6 5 (9.09%) C# Developer
6 5 (9.09%) Senior Developer
6 5 (9.09%) Test Analyst
7 4 (7.27%) C# .NET Developer
8 3 (5.45%) Azure Developer
8 3 (5.45%) Lead Developer
8 3 (5.45%) Oracle Developer
8 3 (5.45%) Performance Analyst
8 3 (5.45%) Performance Test Analyst
8 3 (5.45%) Senior .NET Developer
8 3 (5.45%) Web Developer
9 2 (3.64%) Consultant
9 2 (3.64%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (96.36%) HTML
2 34 (61.82%) HTML5
3 19 (34.55%) CSS3
3 19 (34.55%) React
4 18 (32.73%) XML
5 17 (30.91%) .NET
6 15 (27.27%) AngularJS
6 15 (27.27%) Node.js
7 11 (20.00%) ASP.NET
8 10 (18.18%) Sass
8 10 (18.18%) Spring
8 10 (18.18%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 9 (16.36%) Jest
9 9 (16.36%) Redux
9 9 (16.36%) RESTful
10 8 (14.55%) .NET Core
10 8 (14.55%) jQuery
10 8 (14.55%) REST
10 8 (14.55%) Spring Boot
11 7 (12.73%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3 (5.45%) User Experience
2 2 (3.64%) Self-Motivation
3 1 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
3 1 (1.82%) Life Science
3 1 (1.82%) N-Tier
3 1 (1.82%) Public Cloud
3 1 (1.82%) Vector Graphics
3 1 (1.82%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 3 (5.45%) Unix
2 1 (1.82%) Android
2 1 (1.82%) Linux
2 1 (1.82%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 32 (58.18%) Agile Software Development
2 14 (25.45%) Scrum
3 12 (21.82%) Front End Development
4 11 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
4 11 (20.00%) TDD
4 11 (20.00%) Unit Testing
5 10 (18.18%) E-Commerce
5 10 (18.18%) MVC
6 9 (16.36%) Content Management
6 9 (16.36%) Sprint Planning
7 8 (14.55%) Microservices
7 8 (14.55%) Regression Testing
7 8 (14.55%) SEO
7 8 (14.55%) Web Development
8 7 (12.73%) Adaptive Web Design
8 7 (12.73%) Software Engineering
8 7 (12.73%) Sprint Retrospective
8 7 (12.73%) Story Points
8 7 (12.73%) Test Automation
9 6 (10.91%) Scenario Testing
Programming Languages
1 48 (87.27%) JavaScript
2 25 (45.45%) C#
3 23 (41.82%) Java
4 19 (34.55%) SQL
5 15 (27.27%) TypeScript
6 13 (23.64%) PHP
7 10 (18.18%) ES6
8 5 (9.09%) PL/SQL
9 4 (7.27%) Java 8
9 4 (7.27%) Scala
10 2 (3.64%) Python
11 1 (1.82%) C
11 1 (1.82%) Go
11 1 (1.82%) Groovy
11 1 (1.82%) Kotlin
11 1 (1.82%) Ruby
11 1 (1.82%) T-SQL
11 1 (1.82%) VB
11 1 (1.82%) VB6
11 1 (1.82%) VBA
Qualifications
1 8 (14.55%) SC Cleared
1 8 (14.55%) Security Cleared
2 2 (3.64%) Computer Science Degree
2 2 (3.64%) Degree
2 2 (3.64%) ISTQB
2 2 (3.64%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
3 1 (1.82%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (16.36%) Accessibility
2 3 (5.45%) QA
3 1 (1.82%) Data Quality
System Software
1 10 (18.18%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (5.45%) Kubernetes
1 3 (5.45%) Puppet
2 2 (3.64%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 8 (14.55%) hybris
1 8 (14.55%) Oracle
1 8 (14.55%) Xerox
2 5 (9.09%) Adobe
3 4 (7.27%) Serena
3 4 (7.27%) Sitecore
4 3 (5.45%) Microsoft
4 3 (5.45%) webMethods
5 2 (3.64%) Google
5 2 (3.64%) ServiceNow
6 1 (1.82%) Coveo
6 1 (1.82%) IBM
6 1 (1.82%) MuleSoft
6 1 (1.82%) Optimizely