Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > East of England
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 31 30 30
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 -7
Contract jobs citing CSS 286 307 268
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 5.68% 6.28% 5.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.94% 21.30% 21.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 196 222 157
East of England median daily rate £400 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - +7.69%
10th Percentile £213 £250 £263
90th Percentile £538 £469 £474
England median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 2
East of England median hourly rate £33.08 £39.88 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.04% +13.93% +26.13%
10th Percentile £31.52 £15.00 £27.75
90th Percentile £37.12 £41.88 £42.25
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +23.08% +3.14%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,434 1,441 1,271
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 28.47% 29.46% 25.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 930 886 760
East of England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £588 £575 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 41 36
East of England median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.75% +11.11% -5.26%
10th Percentile £19.50 £26.44 £30.75
90th Percentile £58.13 £63.75 £45.25
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +9.59% -1.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the East of England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the East of England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire +4 111 £375 - 53
Cambridgeshire -10 61 £400 +14.29% 58
Suffolk +13 53 £400 +3.90% 10
Essex -9 35 £495 +52.31% 29
Bedfordshire -3 20 £350 +16.67% 25
Norfolk -1 7 £375 +7.14% 24
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 255 (89.16%) HTML
2 204 (71.33%) JavaScript
3 128 (44.76%) HTML5
4 109 (38.11%) C#
4 109 (38.11%) Agile Software Development
5 102 (35.66%) CSS3
6 91 (31.82%) jQuery
7 88 (30.77%) .NET
8 80 (27.97%) MVC
9 78 (27.27%) AngularJS
10 74 (25.87%) Web Development
11 68 (23.78%) ASP.NET
12 64 (22.38%) Java
13 59 (20.63%) SQL
14 54 (18.88%) Git (software)
15 49 (17.13%) Front End Development
16 47 (16.43%) Web Services
17 46 (16.08%) TDD
18 45 (15.73%) REST
19 41 (14.34%) OO
19 41 (14.34%) Microsoft
20 40 (13.99%) ASP.NET MVC
21 39 (13.64%) Scrum
22 38 (13.29%) PHP
23 36 (12.59%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 35 (12.24%) React
24 35 (12.24%) XML
25 33 (11.54%) MySQL
25 33 (11.54%) Jenkins
25 33 (11.54%) ASP.NET Web API

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (6.29%) Apache
1 18 (6.29%) CMS
1 18 (6.29%) WordPress
2 17 (5.94%) SharePoint
3 15 (5.24%) SharePoint 2013
4 8 (2.80%) Drupal
5 7 (2.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 6 (2.10%) WebSphere
7 5 (1.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (1.40%) IIS
8 4 (1.40%) nginx
9 2 (0.70%) JBoss
9 2 (0.70%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.35%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.35%) Tomcat
Applications
1 8 (2.80%) Photoshop
2 5 (1.75%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.70%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.70%) ImageReady
3 2 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.35%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.35%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 23 (8.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (2.80%) Magento
3 2 (0.70%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 23 (8.04%) Dynamics 365
1 23 (8.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 17 (5.94%) Amazon AWS
3 15 (5.24%) Office 365
4 10 (3.50%) Google Analytics
5 5 (1.75%) GitHub
5 5 (1.75%) npm
6 4 (1.40%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (1.05%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 3 (1.05%) Heroku
8 2 (0.70%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.70%) Serverless
9 1 (0.35%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.35%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.85%) HTTP
2 4 (1.40%) Internet
2 4 (1.40%) SSL
2 4 (1.40%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.05%) DNS
3 3 (1.05%) FTP
3 3 (1.05%) SMS
4 1 (0.35%) BGP
4 1 (0.35%) Cisco ASA
4 1 (0.35%) FWSM
4 1 (0.35%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (11.54%) MySQL
2 28 (9.79%) SQL Server
3 17 (5.94%) Relational Database
4 12 (4.20%) MongoDB
5 9 (3.15%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (2.80%) NoSQL
6 8 (2.80%) Redis
7 5 (1.75%) RDBMS
8 2 (0.70%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.70%) Oracle Database
8 2 (0.70%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.35%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.35%) Big Data
9 1 (0.35%) Crystal Reports
9 1 (0.35%) Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.35%) Geospatial Data
9 1 (0.35%) GIS
9 1 (0.35%) Oracle Exadata
9 1 (0.35%) RavenDB
9 1 (0.35%) SQL Server 2000
Development Applications
1 54 (18.88%) Git (software)
2 33 (11.54%) Jenkins
3 32 (11.19%) Visual Studio
4 28 (9.79%) gulp
5 20 (6.99%) Jasmine
6 18 (6.29%) JIRA
6 18 (6.29%) Team Foundation Server
7 17 (5.94%) Grunt
7 17 (5.94%) Selenium
8 16 (5.59%) Protractor
9 12 (4.20%) JUnit
9 12 (4.20%) Karma Test Runner
10 11 (3.85%) Maven
10 11 (3.85%) NUnit
10 11 (3.85%) Visual Studio Code
11 10 (3.50%) IntelliJ
12 9 (3.15%) MSTest
13 8 (2.80%) Cucumber
13 8 (2.80%) Eclipse
14 7 (2.45%) Ant
General
1 24 (8.39%) Finance
1 24 (8.39%) Marketing
2 16 (5.59%) Retail
3 11 (3.85%) Telecoms
4 8 (2.80%) Law
5 7 (2.45%) Manufacturing
6 5 (1.75%) Pharmaceutical
7 4 (1.40%) Games
8 3 (1.05%) Back Office
8 3 (1.05%) Electronics
8 3 (1.05%) Legal
9 2 (0.70%) Local Government
9 2 (0.70%) Multimedia
9 2 (0.70%) Publishing
10 1 (0.35%) Advertising
10 1 (0.35%) Automotive
10 1 (0.35%) Brand Awareness
Job Titles
1 242 (84.62%) Developer
2 45 (15.73%) .NET Developer
3 37 (12.94%) Java Developer
4 35 (12.24%) C# Developer
5 33 (11.54%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 29 (10.14%) Web Developer
7 25 (8.74%) Full Stack Developer
8 24 (8.39%) C# .NET Developer
9 22 (7.69%) Angular Developer
10 20 (6.99%) ASP.NET Developer
10 20 (6.99%) CRM Developer
10 20 (6.99%) Microsoft Developer
11 18 (6.29%) Dynamics CRM Developer
12 16 (5.59%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
12 16 (5.59%) JavaScript Developer
12 16 (5.59%) SharePoint Developer
13 15 (5.24%) C# ASP.NET Developer
14 14 (4.90%) Consultant
15 11 (3.85%) HTML Developer
15 11 (3.85%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 255 (89.16%) HTML
2 128 (44.76%) HTML5
3 102 (35.66%) CSS3
4 91 (31.82%) jQuery
5 88 (30.77%) .NET
6 78 (27.27%) AngularJS
7 68 (23.78%) ASP.NET
8 47 (16.43%) Web Services
9 45 (15.73%) REST
10 40 (13.99%) ASP.NET MVC
11 36 (12.59%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 35 (12.24%) React
12 35 (12.24%) XML
13 33 (11.54%) ASP.NET Web API
14 31 (10.84%) RESTful
15 29 (10.14%) Spring
16 28 (9.79%) Sass
17 25 (8.74%) Node.js
17 25 (8.74%) XHTML
18 21 (7.34%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 28 (9.79%) User Experience
2 17 (5.94%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (5.24%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (3.85%) Social Media
5 10 (3.50%) Enterprise Software
6 7 (2.45%) Computer Science
6 7 (2.45%) Mobile App
7 6 (2.10%) Algorithms
8 4 (1.40%) Clustering
8 4 (1.40%) Replication
9 3 (1.05%) Graphic Design
9 3 (1.05%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.70%) Life Science
10 2 (0.70%) Web 2.0
11 1 (0.35%) Animation
11 1 (0.35%) CMDB
11 1 (0.35%) Data Structures
11 1 (0.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 1 (0.35%) Mainframe
11 1 (0.35%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 27 (9.44%) Linux
2 13 (4.55%) Windows
3 7 (2.45%) Unix
4 5 (1.75%) Solaris
5 2 (0.70%) CentOS
6 1 (0.35%) Android
6 1 (0.35%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.35%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.35%) Windows Phone
6 1 (0.35%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 109 (38.11%) Agile Software Development
2 80 (27.97%) MVC
3 74 (25.87%) Web Development
4 49 (17.13%) Front End Development
5 46 (16.08%) TDD
6 41 (14.34%) OO
7 39 (13.64%) Scrum
8 31 (10.84%) BDD
9 30 (10.49%) Continuous Integration
9 30 (10.49%) Microservices
9 30 (10.49%) Software Engineering
10 29 (10.14%) CRM
11 21 (7.34%) Test Automation
12 17 (5.94%) E-Commerce
12 17 (5.94%) Unit Testing
13 16 (5.59%) SOLID
13 16 (5.59%) Workflow
14 15 (5.24%) Analytics
14 15 (5.24%) SDLC
15 14 (4.90%) Responsive Web Design
Programming Languages
1 204 (71.33%) JavaScript
2 109 (38.11%) C#
3 64 (22.38%) Java
4 59 (20.63%) SQL
5 38 (13.29%) PHP
6 26 (9.09%) TypeScript
7 21 (7.34%) Java 8
8 14 (4.90%) PowerShell
9 13 (4.55%) Python
10 12 (4.20%) ES6
11 8 (2.80%) C++
11 8 (2.80%) R
12 7 (2.45%) Groovy
12 7 (2.45%) Scala
13 4 (1.40%) T-SQL
14 3 (1.05%) C
14 3 (1.05%) Perl
15 2 (0.70%) PL/SQL
16 1 (0.35%) Shell Script
16 1 (0.35%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 13 (4.55%) Microsoft Certification
2 11 (3.85%) Degree
3 7 (2.45%) Security Cleared
4 4 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.35%) BC Cleared
5 1 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.35%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.35%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (6.29%) QA
2 3 (1.05%) WCAG
3 1 (0.35%) SLA
System Software
1 9 (3.15%) Active Directory
1 9 (3.15%) Docker
2 1 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 4 (1.40%) Kubernetes
2 3 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
2 3 (1.05%) Puppet
3 2 (0.70%) HP ALM
3 2 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
3 2 (0.70%) Mesos
4 1 (0.35%) FortiGate
4 1 (0.35%) Grafana
4 1 (0.35%) Kibana
4 1 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.35%) Rancher
4 1 (0.35%) Terraform
Vendors
1 41 (14.34%) Microsoft
2 17 (5.94%) Google
3 15 (5.24%) Adobe
4 14 (4.90%) Nintex
5 13 (4.55%) Oracle
6 8 (2.80%) MuleSoft
6 8 (2.80%) Sony
7 7 (2.45%) IBM
7 7 (2.45%) Zend
8 4 (1.40%) New Relic
9 3 (1.05%) Atlassian
9 3 (1.05%) hybris
9 3 (1.05%) Omniture
9 3 (1.05%) SAP
10 2 (0.70%) Apigee
10 2 (0.70%) Facebook
10 2 (0.70%) HP
10 2 (0.70%) WSO2
11 1 (0.35%) CA Agile Central
11 1 (0.35%) Twitter