Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Leeds with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 21 23
Rank change year-on-year +6 +2 -2
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 216 169 185
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Leeds 9.13% 7.51% 7.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.34% 8.57% 7.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 149 172 105
Leeds median daily rate £400 £413 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.03% -1.79% +5.00%
10th Percentile £309 £325 £299
90th Percentile £538 £550 £534
West Yorkshire median daily rate £400 £420 £415
% change year-on-year -4.76% +1.20% +9.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Leeds median hourly rate £20.80 - -
West Yorkshire median hourly rate £20.80 - -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Leeds with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Leeds
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,088 1,971 2,357
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Leeds 88.25% 87.60% 89.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,459 1,403 1,584
Leeds median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £313 £270 £281
90th Percentile £575 £550 £563
West Yorkshire median daily rate £413 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +3.13% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 29 38
Leeds median hourly rate £17.00 £20.00 £13.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +48.15% -5.58%
10th Percentile £11.70 £11.94 £10.20
90th Percentile £33.08 £40.00 £31.50
West Yorkshire median hourly rate £17.00 £14.50 £14.50
% change year-on-year +17.24% - -3.33%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Leeds

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Leeds.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Leeds

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Leeds

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Leeds.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Leeds

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Leeds

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Leeds over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Leeds

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Leeds

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Leeds.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Leeds

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Leeds region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 123 (56.94%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (39.35%) Java
3 81 (37.50%) Selenium
4 79 (36.57%) JavaScript
5 74 (34.26%) BDD
6 64 (29.63%) C#
7 60 (27.78%) Microservices
8 59 (27.31%) Linux
9 58 (26.85%) TDD
10 53 (24.54%) JIRA
11 52 (24.07%) Cucumber
12 51 (23.61%) Git (software)
13 43 (19.91%) MySQL
14 42 (19.44%) Test Scripting
15 41 (18.98%) Continuous Integration
16 39 (18.06%) Confluence
16 39 (18.06%) Software Engineering
16 39 (18.06%) SQL
17 37 (17.13%) SDLC
18 32 (14.81%) WebDriver
19 30 (13.89%) API Testing
19 30 (13.89%) MongoDB
20 29 (13.43%) Node.js
20 29 (13.43%) Non-Functional Testing
20 29 (13.43%) OO
21 28 (12.96%) Docker
22 27 (12.50%) NoSQL
22 27 (12.50%) Scrum
22 27 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
23 26 (12.04%) QA

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Leeds by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (18.06%) Confluence
2 4 (1.85%) Apache Spark
2 4 (1.85%) SharePoint
3 2 (0.93%) Apache
4 1 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 1 (0.46%) Apache Solr
4 1 (0.46%) CMS
4 1 (0.46%) nginx
4 1 (0.46%) OpenStack
4 1 (0.46%) Tomcat
Applications
1 2 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.93%) SAP HR
1 2 (0.93%) SAP Payroll
Cloud Services
1 27 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
2 25 (11.57%) Slack
3 19 (8.80%) Amazon EC2
4 6 (2.78%) SaaS
5 5 (2.31%) GitHub
5 5 (2.31%) Microsoft Azure
6 4 (1.85%) Amazon ELB
6 4 (1.85%) Amazon S3
6 4 (1.85%) IaaS
6 4 (1.85%) PaaS
6 4 (1.85%) Route 53
6 4 (1.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 3 (1.39%) npm
8 2 (0.93%) Office 365
8 2 (0.93%) OneDrive
9 1 (0.46%) BlazeMeter
9 1 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.46%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.46%) Google App Engine
9 1 (0.46%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.70%) HTTP
2 3 (1.39%) SMS
3 2 (0.93%) BGP
3 2 (0.93%) Cisco ASA
3 2 (0.93%) Cisco IOS
3 2 (0.93%) Firewall
3 2 (0.93%) Intrusion Detection
3 2 (0.93%) MPLS
3 2 (0.93%) NX-OS
3 2 (0.93%) OSPF
3 2 (0.93%) SSL
3 2 (0.93%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.93%) VPLS
3 2 (0.93%) VPN
3 2 (0.93%) WAN
4 1 (0.46%) DHCP
4 1 (0.46%) DNS
4 1 (0.46%) FTP
4 1 (0.46%) Internet
4 1 (0.46%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (19.91%) MySQL
2 30 (13.89%) MongoDB
3 27 (12.50%) NoSQL
4 21 (9.72%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (6.48%) Amazon RDS
6 8 (3.70%) SQL Server
7 7 (3.24%) Relational Database
8 6 (2.78%) Big Data
9 5 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.85%) Apache Hive
10 4 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (1.39%) Hadoop
11 3 (1.39%) HBase
11 3 (1.39%) RDBMS
11 3 (1.39%) Redis
12 2 (0.93%) Neo4j
12 2 (0.93%) ObjectStore
12 2 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 1 (0.46%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 81 (37.50%) Selenium
2 53 (24.54%) JIRA
3 52 (24.07%) Cucumber
4 51 (23.61%) Git (software)
5 32 (14.81%) WebDriver
6 20 (9.26%) Jenkins
7 16 (7.41%) Vagrant
8 14 (6.48%) PHPUnit
9 11 (5.09%) JMeter
10 10 (4.63%) SoapUI
10 10 (4.63%) Team Foundation Server
11 8 (3.70%) Visual Studio Team System
12 6 (2.78%) Jasmine
12 6 (2.78%) Maven
12 6 (2.78%) SpecFlow
13 5 (2.31%) GitLab
13 5 (2.31%) SonarQube
13 5 (2.31%) Visual Studio
14 4 (1.85%) LoadRunner
14 4 (1.85%) TeamCity
General
1 8 (3.70%) Finance
2 5 (2.31%) Retail
3 4 (1.85%) Games
4 2 (0.93%) Banking
4 2 (0.93%) Legal
4 2 (0.93%) Marketing
5 1 (0.46%) Financial Institution
5 1 (0.46%) Law
5 1 (0.46%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 69 (31.94%) Developer
2 52 (24.07%) Tester
3 48 (22.22%) Automation Tester
4 30 (13.89%) Test Engineer
5 27 (12.50%) Analyst
5 27 (12.50%) Test Analyst
6 23 (10.65%) Java Developer
7 22 (10.19%) Test Automation Engineer
8 16 (7.41%) Software Engineer
9 15 (6.94%) Agile Tester
9 15 (6.94%) Developer in Test
9 15 (6.94%) PHP Developer
10 14 (6.48%) Selenium Automation Tester
10 14 (6.48%) Selenium Tester
11 11 (5.09%) Java Engineer
11 11 (5.09%) Software Developer
11 11 (5.09%) Test Automation Developer
12 10 (4.63%) Java Automation Tester
13 9 (4.17%) Agile Developer
13 9 (4.17%) Java Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (13.43%) Node.js
2 24 (11.11%) Kafka
3 21 (9.72%) REST
4 20 (9.26%) .NET
5 16 (7.41%) Spring
6 15 (6.94%) Doctrine
6 15 (6.94%) Spring Boot
7 12 (5.56%) React
8 11 (5.09%) HTML
8 11 (5.09%) RESTful
9 10 (4.63%) CSS
9 10 (4.63%) SOAP
10 8 (3.70%) Gherkin
10 8 (3.70%) Hibernate
11 6 (2.78%) AngularJS
11 6 (2.78%) ASP.NET
11 6 (2.78%) ASP.NET MVC
11 6 (2.78%) CSS3
11 6 (2.78%) Elastic Stack
11 6 (2.78%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 14 (6.48%) Self-Motivation
2 10 (4.63%) Computer Science
3 6 (2.78%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (2.31%) IVR
4 5 (2.31%) Mobile App
4 5 (2.31%) User Experience
5 4 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
6 3 (1.39%) Management Information System
7 2 (0.93%) Algorithms
7 2 (0.93%) Data Centre
7 2 (0.93%) Data Structures
7 2 (0.93%) N-Tier
8 1 (0.46%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (0.46%) Hybrid Cloud
8 1 (0.46%) Life Science
8 1 (0.46%) NHS
8 1 (0.46%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 59 (27.31%) Linux
2 24 (11.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 14 (6.48%) VMS
4 8 (3.70%) Windows
5 4 (1.85%) CentOS
6 2 (0.93%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.93%) Unix
7 1 (0.46%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 123 (56.94%) Agile Software Development
2 74 (34.26%) BDD
3 60 (27.78%) Microservices
4 58 (26.85%) TDD
5 42 (19.44%) Test Scripting
6 41 (18.98%) Continuous Integration
7 39 (18.06%) Software Engineering
8 37 (17.13%) SDLC
9 30 (13.89%) API Testing
10 29 (13.43%) Non-Functional Testing
10 29 (13.43%) OO
11 27 (12.50%) Scrum
12 23 (10.65%) Mentoring
12 23 (10.65%) Open Source
13 22 (10.19%) DevOps
13 22 (10.19%) Software Testing
14 21 (9.72%) Unit Testing
15 20 (9.26%) Coaching
16 19 (8.80%) SDET
16 19 (8.80%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 85 (39.35%) Java
2 79 (36.57%) JavaScript
3 64 (29.63%) C#
4 39 (18.06%) SQL
5 21 (9.72%) Python
6 19 (8.80%) PHP
7 14 (6.48%) PHP 7
8 6 (2.78%) Go
8 6 (2.78%) Java 8
9 4 (1.85%) Kotlin
9 4 (1.85%) Scala
9 4 (1.85%) T-SQL
10 2 (0.93%) Bash Shell
10 2 (0.93%) C++
10 2 (0.93%) ES6
11 1 (0.46%) Groovy
11 1 (0.46%) Perl
11 1 (0.46%) PowerShell
11 1 (0.46%) Ruby
11 1 (0.46%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 14 (6.48%) ISEB
1 14 (6.48%) ISTQB
2 12 (5.56%) Degree
3 9 (4.17%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (4.17%) Security Cleared
4 7 (3.24%) SC Cleared
5 5 (2.31%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (1.39%) BC Cleared
6 3 (1.39%) CCNP
6 3 (1.39%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.93%) CCIE
7 2 (0.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.46%) CCDP
8 1 (0.46%) Chartered Engineer
8 1 (0.46%) CISM
8 1 (0.46%) CISSP
8 1 (0.46%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.46%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (12.04%) QA
2 3 (1.39%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.46%) GDPR
System Software
1 28 (12.96%) Docker
2 2 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.46%) KVM
3 1 (0.46%) QEMU
3 1 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.46%) Xen
Systems Management
1 12 (5.56%) Puppet
2 9 (4.17%) Opscode Chef
3 8 (3.70%) Grafana
4 7 (3.24%) Prometheus
5 5 (2.31%) Terraform
6 4 (1.85%) Kubernetes
6 4 (1.85%) Packer
6 4 (1.85%) Rancher
7 3 (1.39%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.93%) Graphite
9 1 (0.46%) Graylog
9 1 (0.46%) HP ALM
9 1 (0.46%) Kibana
Vendors
1 15 (6.94%) Zend
2 8 (3.70%) Microsoft
3 5 (2.31%) Perfecto Mobile
4 4 (1.85%) Black Duck
4 4 (1.85%) Cisco
4 4 (1.85%) Google
5 3 (1.39%) HP
5 3 (1.39%) VMware
6 2 (0.93%) CheckPoint
6 2 (0.93%) SAP
7 1 (0.46%) Adobe
7 1 (0.46%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.46%) Cadence
7 1 (0.46%) Oracle
7 1 (0.46%) Perforce
7 1 (0.46%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.46%) Sitecore
7 1 (0.46%) Tableau