Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
England > London
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 128 87 86
Rank change year-on-year -41 -1 +68
Contract jobs citing Java 8 546 1,269 1,360
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.20% 2.97% 2.94%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.61% 6.18% 6.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 431 1,066 1,201
Median daily rate £550 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
10th Percentile £430 £450 £413
90th Percentile £700 £688 £688
England median daily rate £550 £538 £513
% change year-on-year +2.33% +4.88% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
England median hourly rate £43.00 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -21.82% +22.22% -10.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,843 20,548 22,319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.81% 48.15% 48.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,585 15,507 17,096
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 124 121 204
Median hourly rate £43.01 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.89% - -20.45%
10th Percentile £24.50 £18.93 £17.75
90th Percentile £68.31 £53.75 £50.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the London region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -42 94 £550 - 44
South London +25 58 £500 -3.61%
East London -2 17 £550 -4.35% 12
West London +30 6 £550 - 29
Java 8
England

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 543 (99.45%) Java
2 360 (65.93%) Agile Software Development
3 350 (64.10%) Spring
4 305 (55.86%) Microservices
5 252 (46.15%) Spring Boot
6 225 (41.21%) Docker
7 171 (31.32%) TDD
8 166 (30.40%) AWS
9 152 (27.84%) REST
10 140 (25.64%) Kubernetes
11 136 (24.91%) Maven
12 127 (23.26%) Scrum
13 123 (22.53%) BDD
14 117 (21.43%) Jenkins
14 117 (21.43%) Test Automation
15 112 (20.51%) Kafka
16 110 (20.15%) Security Cleared
17 108 (19.78%) JUnit
18 102 (18.68%) Web Services
19 101 (18.50%) SC Cleared
20 99 (18.13%) Finance
21 98 (17.95%) DevOps
22 91 (16.67%) AngularJS
23 90 (16.48%) Gradle
24 88 (16.12%) Pair Programming
24 88 (16.12%) Banking
25 84 (15.38%) RESTful
26 82 (15.02%) Git (software)
26 82 (15.02%) SQL
27 76 (13.92%) Mockito

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (8.79%) Elasticsearch
2 32 (5.86%) Confluence
3 23 (4.21%) Camunda
4 18 (3.30%) Apache Spark
5 13 (2.38%) Tomcat
6 7 (1.28%) Apache
7 2 (0.37%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.18%) DataSynapse
8 1 (0.18%) Jetty
8 1 (0.18%) nginx
Cloud Services
1 166 (30.40%) AWS
2 71 (13.00%) Azure
3 20 (3.66%) GitHub
4 17 (3.11%) OpenShift
5 16 (2.93%) GCP
6 15 (2.75%) Serverless
7 14 (2.56%) AWS Lambda
8 9 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (1.10%) Amazon S3
10 5 (0.92%) Amazon Kinesis
10 5 (0.92%) npm
11 4 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (0.55%) Amazon EMR
12 3 (0.55%) SaaS
13 2 (0.37%) PaaS
14 1 (0.18%) Amazon Cognito
14 1 (0.18%) AWS CloudFormation
14 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 1 (0.18%) AWS Step Functions
14 1 (0.18%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.38%) SSL
2 12 (2.20%) HTTP
3 8 (1.47%) TCP/IP
4 7 (1.28%) HTTPS
5 5 (0.92%) DNS
5 5 (0.92%) FTP
6 4 (0.73%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.55%) RTMP
8 2 (0.37%) DSL
8 2 (0.37%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.37%) IPv4
8 2 (0.37%) IPv6
8 2 (0.37%) SSH
8 2 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.18%) Intranet
9 1 (0.18%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (10.62%) NoSQL
2 55 (10.07%) Relational Database
3 54 (9.89%) MySQL
4 35 (6.41%) MongoDB
5 24 (4.40%) PostgreSQL
6 21 (3.85%) Big Data
7 18 (3.30%) SQL Server
8 17 (3.11%) RDBMS
9 12 (2.20%) Redis
10 11 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
10 11 (2.01%) Hadoop
11 10 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 10 (1.83%) Oracle Database
12 9 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (0.92%) Flink
14 2 (0.37%) Cosmos DB
14 2 (0.37%) HBase
14 2 (0.37%) InfluxDB
14 2 (0.37%) Oracle Database 10g
14 2 (0.37%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 136 (24.91%) Maven
2 117 (21.43%) Jenkins
3 108 (19.78%) JUnit
4 90 (16.48%) Gradle
5 82 (15.02%) Git (software)
6 76 (13.92%) Mockito
7 45 (8.24%) JIRA
8 34 (6.23%) Cucumber
9 24 (4.40%) Selenium
10 15 (2.75%) Ant
10 15 (2.75%) SonarQube
10 15 (2.75%) WebDriver
11 14 (2.56%) GitLab
12 13 (2.38%) SoapUI
13 11 (2.01%) Bitbucket
13 11 (2.01%) Postman
14 8 (1.47%) IntelliJ
15 7 (1.28%) Eclipse
15 7 (1.28%) JMeter
15 7 (1.28%) Xcode
General
1 99 (18.13%) Finance
2 88 (16.12%) Banking
3 39 (7.14%) Investment Banking
4 35 (6.41%) Public Sector
5 25 (4.58%) Front Office
6 18 (3.30%) Marketing
7 10 (1.83%) Retail
8 7 (1.28%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.92%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (0.73%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.18%) Advertising
11 1 (0.18%) Electronics
11 1 (0.18%) Games
11 1 (0.18%) Law
11 1 (0.18%) Legal
11 1 (0.18%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.18%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 485 (88.83%) Developer
2 437 (80.04%) Java Developer
3 71 (13.00%) Senior Developer
4 65 (11.90%) AWS Developer
5 61 (11.17%) Senior Java Developer
6 56 (10.26%) Full Stack Developer
7 53 (9.71%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 47 (8.61%) Backend Developer
9 32 (5.86%) Java Engineer
10 25 (4.58%) React Developer
11 19 (3.48%) Java Developer - Fintech
12 18 (3.30%) Software Engineer
13 17 (3.11%) Agile Developer
13 17 (3.11%) Agile Java Developer
14 11 (2.01%) AWS Engineer
15 10 (1.83%) Developer in Test
16 9 (1.65%) DevOps Engineer
17 8 (1.47%) Applications Developer
17 8 (1.47%) Java Software Engineer
17 8 (1.47%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 350 (64.10%) Spring
2 252 (46.15%) Spring Boot
3 152 (27.84%) REST
4 112 (20.51%) Kafka
5 102 (18.68%) Web Services
6 91 (16.67%) AngularJS
7 84 (15.38%) RESTful
8 66 (12.09%) React
9 52 (9.52%) Hibernate
10 45 (8.24%) JPA
10 45 (8.24%) SOAP
11 34 (6.23%) Node.js
12 32 (5.86%) Spring Cloud
13 30 (5.49%) RabbitMQ
14 28 (5.13%) HTML
15 27 (4.95%) Guice
16 23 (4.21%) Apache Camel
16 23 (4.21%) JDBC
17 21 (3.85%) HTML5
18 20 (3.66%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 46 (8.42%) Greenfield Project
2 28 (5.13%) Algorithms
3 21 (3.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 21 (3.85%) Semantic Web
4 18 (3.30%) Data Structures
4 18 (3.30%) User Experience
5 16 (2.93%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (2.75%) Mobile App
7 11 (2.01%) Virtual Team
8 10 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
8 10 (1.83%) Fixed Income
9 7 (1.28%) Blog
10 6 (1.10%) Credit Risk
10 6 (1.10%) Market Risk
11 5 (0.92%) Derivative
11 5 (0.92%) Equities
12 4 (0.73%) e-Learning
12 4 (0.73%) Management Information System
12 4 (0.73%) Mobile Banking
12 4 (0.73%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 73 (13.37%) Linux
2 28 (5.13%) Unix
3 17 (3.11%) Mac OS X
4 6 (1.10%) Mac OS
5 3 (0.55%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 360 (65.93%) Agile Software Development
2 305 (55.86%) Microservices
3 171 (31.32%) TDD
4 127 (23.26%) Scrum
5 123 (22.53%) BDD
6 117 (21.43%) Test Automation
7 98 (17.95%) DevOps
8 88 (16.12%) Pair Programming
9 63 (11.54%) Software Engineering
10 59 (10.81%) Continuous Integration
11 56 (10.26%) Open Source
12 49 (8.97%) OO
13 45 (8.24%) Continuous Delivery
14 39 (7.14%) Fintech
14 39 (7.14%) Multithreading
15 34 (6.23%) Problem-Solving
16 32 (5.86%) Continuous Deployment
16 32 (5.86%) Functional Programming
17 31 (5.68%) Kanban
18 29 (5.31%) Refactoring
Programming Languages
1 543 (99.45%) Java
2 82 (15.02%) SQL
3 67 (12.27%) JavaScript
4 25 (4.58%) TypeScript
5 23 (4.21%) Python
6 21 (3.85%) ES6
7 20 (3.66%) Scala
8 19 (3.48%) Groovy
9 17 (3.11%) Kotlin
10 11 (2.01%) PL/SQL
11 7 (1.28%) C#
12 5 (0.92%) Shell Script
13 4 (0.73%) Bash Shell
14 3 (0.55%) Haskell
14 3 (0.55%) Java 9
15 2 (0.37%) ANSI SQL
15 2 (0.37%) Clojure
15 2 (0.37%) ClojureScript
15 2 (0.37%) R
16 1 (0.18%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 110 (20.15%) Security Cleared
2 101 (18.50%) SC Cleared
3 25 (4.58%) Degree
4 11 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.83%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (1.47%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.73%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.55%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.75%) QA
2 3 (0.55%) MiFID
2 3 (0.55%) PMO
3 2 (0.37%) GDPR
4 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 225 (41.21%) Docker
Systems Management
1 140 (25.64%) Kubernetes
2 22 (4.03%) Terraform
3 18 (3.30%) Ansible
4 8 (1.47%) Prometheus
4 8 (1.47%) Puppet
5 7 (1.28%) Zipkin
6 5 (0.92%) Consul
6 5 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.55%) Grafana
8 3 (0.55%) Kibana
8 3 (0.55%) linkerd
9 2 (0.37%) Salt
10 1 (0.18%) Marathon
10 1 (0.18%) Mesos
Vendors
1 39 (7.14%) Oracle
2 4 (0.73%) Google
3 3 (0.55%) Apple
3 3 (0.55%) ION Trading
4 2 (0.37%) GoCardless
4 2 (0.37%) MapR
4 2 (0.37%) Salesforce.com
4 2 (0.37%) SAP
4 2 (0.37%) Zuora
5 1 (0.18%) Ariba
5 1 (0.18%) Atlassian
5 1 (0.18%) Bloomberg
5 1 (0.18%) Foundry
5 1 (0.18%) FXall
5 1 (0.18%) New Relic
5 1 (0.18%) StreamBase
5 1 (0.18%) TIBCO
5 1 (0.18%) TOWER Software
5 1 (0.18%) Veracode
5 1 (0.18%) Wallstreet Suite