Period
to 3 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 3 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
England > London
6 months to
3 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 98 108 78
Rank change year-on-year +10 -30 +35
Contract jobs citing Java 8 410 994 1,499
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.62% 2.46% 3.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.25% 5.20% 6.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 306 839 1,308
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £419 £450 £425
90th Percentile £675 £700 £677
England median daily rate £520 £545 £525
% change year-on-year -4.59% +3.81% +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
England median hourly rate £37.75 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -31.37% +22.22% -5.26%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 7,812 19,121 22,851
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.96% 47.32% 49.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,499 14,422 17,485
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £363
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 118 173
Median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.68% -0.64% +4.00%
10th Percentile £24.77 £19.66 £18.61
90th Percentile £63.15 £60.60 £62.00
Median hourly rate £35.25 £45.00 £41.13
% change year-on-year -21.67% +9.42% +0.30%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +16 67 £550 -2.22% 12
South London +28 16 £500 -
West London +52 3 £525 -17.32% 20
North London +17 3 £375 -28.57%
East London -18 1 £475 -13.64% 9
Java 8
England

For the 6 months to 3 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 407 (99.27%) Java
2 256 (62.44%) Microservices
3 238 (58.05%) Agile Software Development
4 231 (56.34%) Spring
5 174 (42.44%) Spring Boot
6 167 (40.73%) AWS
7 165 (40.24%) Docker
8 143 (34.88%) TDD
9 122 (29.76%) Kubernetes
10 121 (29.51%) Finance
11 111 (27.07%) Azure
12 104 (25.37%) BDD
13 103 (25.12%) Test Automation
14 83 (20.24%) REST
15 81 (19.76%) Pair Programming
16 72 (17.56%) Linux
17 70 (17.07%) Kafka
18 68 (16.59%) Git (software)
19 65 (15.85%) Security Cleared
20 62 (15.12%) Maven
20 62 (15.12%) Banking
21 61 (14.88%) SQL
21 61 (14.88%) Scrum
22 59 (14.39%) Jenkins
23 58 (14.15%) MongoDB
23 58 (14.15%) Mockito
24 57 (13.90%) RESTful
25 53 (12.93%) DevOps
26 50 (12.20%) Software Engineering
27 47 (11.46%) JUnit

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.32%) Apache Spark
2 20 (4.88%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (2.93%) Cloud Foundry
4 11 (2.68%) Confluence
5 6 (1.46%) Camunda
6 4 (0.98%) Apache
7 3 (0.73%) Anypoint
7 3 (0.73%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.73%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.49%) Mule
8 2 (0.49%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.24%) DataSynapse
9 1 (0.24%) JBoss
9 1 (0.24%) Mule ESB
9 1 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.24%) ION MarketView
1 1 (0.24%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 167 (40.73%) AWS
2 111 (27.07%) Azure
3 31 (7.56%) GCP
4 9 (2.20%) Amazon ECS
4 9 (2.20%) Serverless
5 8 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
5 8 (1.95%) Amazon S3
5 8 (1.95%) GitHub
6 7 (1.71%) AWS Fargate
6 7 (1.71%) OpenShift
7 6 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
7 6 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
9 2 (0.49%) Amazon EKS
10 1 (0.24%) Amazon EMR
10 1 (0.24%) AWS Step Functions
10 1 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.24%) npm
10 1 (0.24%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (5.85%) SSL
2 23 (5.61%) HTTPS
3 11 (2.68%) HTTP
4 4 (0.98%) DSL
5 2 (0.49%) Skype
5 2 (0.49%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.24%) DNS
6 1 (0.24%) FTP
6 1 (0.24%) Intranet
6 1 (0.24%) RTMP
6 1 (0.24%) SSH
6 1 (0.24%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (14.15%) MongoDB
2 45 (10.98%) NoSQL
3 29 (7.07%) Relational Database
4 16 (3.90%) Apache Cassandra
4 16 (3.90%) MySQL
4 16 (3.90%) SQL Server
5 9 (2.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 9 (2.20%) Big Data
5 9 (2.20%) Redis
6 8 (1.95%) Amazon RDS
6 8 (1.95%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (1.71%) Hadoop
7 7 (1.71%) RDBMS
8 4 (0.98%) Neo4j
9 2 (0.49%) Amazon Aurora
9 2 (0.49%) Oracle Database
9 2 (0.49%) Parquet
10 1 (0.24%) BigQuery
10 1 (0.24%) Bigtable
10 1 (0.24%) Flink
Development Applications
1 68 (16.59%) Git (software)
2 62 (15.12%) Maven
3 59 (14.39%) Jenkins
4 58 (14.15%) Mockito
5 47 (11.46%) JUnit
6 42 (10.24%) Gradle
7 26 (6.34%) JIRA
8 14 (3.41%) Cucumber
9 8 (1.95%) Selenium
10 7 (1.71%) Ant
10 7 (1.71%) GitLab
10 7 (1.71%) SonarQube
11 4 (0.98%) JMeter
12 3 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 3 (0.73%) Postman
12 3 (0.73%) SoapUI
12 3 (0.73%) Xcode
13 2 (0.49%) Bitbucket
13 2 (0.49%) Jasmine
13 2 (0.49%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 121 (29.51%) Finance
2 62 (15.12%) Banking
3 44 (10.73%) Public Sector
4 33 (8.05%) Investment Banking
5 17 (4.15%) Financial Institution
5 17 (4.15%) Front Office
6 8 (1.95%) Marketing
7 7 (1.71%) Retail
8 4 (0.98%) Electronics
8 4 (0.98%) Manufacturing
8 4 (0.98%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.24%) Advertising
9 1 (0.24%) Games
9 1 (0.24%) Law
9 1 (0.24%) Legal
9 1 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 364 (88.78%) Developer
2 322 (78.54%) Java Developer
3 48 (11.71%) Senior Developer
3 48 (11.71%) Senior Java Developer
4 32 (7.80%) Backend Developer
5 26 (6.34%) AWS Developer
6 19 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
6 19 (4.63%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 12 (2.93%) Java Engineer
8 9 (2.20%) Electronic Trading Developer
8 9 (2.20%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
9 8 (1.95%) Investment Banking Java Developer
9 8 (1.95%) Lead Developer
10 7 (1.71%) Azure Developer
10 7 (1.71%) Digital Developer
10 7 (1.71%) Software Developer
11 6 (1.46%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 6 (1.46%) Java Programmer
11 6 (1.46%) Programmer
12 5 (1.22%) Senior Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 231 (56.34%) Spring
2 174 (42.44%) Spring Boot
3 83 (20.24%) REST
4 70 (17.07%) Kafka
5 57 (13.90%) RESTful
6 40 (9.76%) Web Services
7 39 (9.51%) JAX-RS
8 38 (9.27%) ActiveMQ
9 36 (8.78%) Spring Cloud
10 33 (8.05%) AngularJS
10 33 (8.05%) Hibernate
11 27 (6.59%) Guice
12 26 (6.34%) Spring Security
13 23 (5.61%) JAAS
14 22 (5.37%) React
15 21 (5.12%) RabbitMQ
16 20 (4.88%) JPA
17 18 (4.39%) HTML
17 18 (4.39%) SOAP
18 17 (4.15%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 21 (5.12%) Mobile App
2 16 (3.90%) Algorithms
3 15 (3.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (3.66%) User Experience
4 14 (3.41%) Analytical Skills
5 12 (2.93%) Fixed Income
6 11 (2.68%) Virtual Team
7 7 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.46%) Semantic Web
9 5 (1.22%) Cloud Native
9 5 (1.22%) Hedge funds
9 5 (1.22%) Market Risk
10 4 (0.98%) Augmented Reality
10 4 (0.98%) Data Structures
11 3 (0.73%) Credit Risk
12 2 (0.49%) Derivative
12 2 (0.49%) PKI
12 2 (0.49%) Reference Data
12 2 (0.49%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 72 (17.56%) Linux
2 42 (10.24%) Unix
3 39 (9.51%) Mac OS X
4 2 (0.49%) Android
5 1 (0.24%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 256 (62.44%) Microservices
2 238 (58.05%) Agile Software Development
3 143 (34.88%) TDD
4 104 (25.37%) BDD
5 103 (25.12%) Test Automation
6 81 (19.76%) Pair Programming
7 61 (14.88%) Scrum
8 53 (12.93%) DevOps
9 50 (12.20%) Software Engineering
10 47 (11.46%) Continuous Deployment
11 43 (10.49%) Digital Transformation Programme
11 43 (10.49%) Responsive Web Design
11 43 (10.49%) Web Design
12 40 (9.76%) Web Development
13 37 (9.02%) Multithreading
14 36 (8.78%) Continuous Integration
15 35 (8.54%) Continuous Delivery
15 35 (8.54%) SDLC
16 33 (8.05%) Change Management
17 31 (7.56%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 407 (99.27%) Java
2 61 (14.88%) SQL
3 34 (8.29%) Kotlin
4 32 (7.80%) Scala
5 26 (6.34%) Python
6 22 (5.37%) JavaScript
7 15 (3.66%) Java 9
8 8 (1.95%) Groovy
9 7 (1.71%) TypeScript
10 5 (1.22%) PL/SQL
11 4 (0.98%) C#
11 4 (0.98%) ES6
11 4 (0.98%) Shell Script
12 3 (0.73%) VB
12 3 (0.73%) VBA
13 2 (0.49%) R
14 1 (0.24%) ANSI SQL
14 1 (0.24%) Go
14 1 (0.24%) PHP
14 1 (0.24%) XAML
Qualifications
1 65 (15.85%) Security Cleared
2 46 (11.22%) SC Cleared
3 15 (3.66%) Degree
4 11 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (2.44%) BPSS Clearance
5 10 (2.44%) DV Cleared
6 4 (0.98%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.73%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (5.12%) QA
2 3 (0.73%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.49%) PMO
4 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.24%) GDPR
4 1 (0.24%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.24%) MiFID
4 1 (0.24%) PSD2
System Software
1 165 (40.24%) Docker
Systems Management
1 122 (29.76%) Kubernetes
2 33 (8.05%) Prometheus
3 22 (5.37%) Zipkin
4 18 (4.39%) Terraform
5 7 (1.71%) Ansible
6 4 (0.98%) Consul
6 4 (0.98%) linkerd
7 2 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.49%) Puppet
8 1 (0.24%) CFEngine
8 1 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.24%) Marathon
8 1 (0.24%) Mesos
8 1 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 26 (6.34%) Oracle
2 13 (3.17%) MuleSoft
3 10 (2.44%) AppDynamics
3 10 (2.44%) Splunk
4 8 (1.95%) SAP
5 6 (1.46%) ION Trading
6 3 (0.73%) Ariba
6 3 (0.73%) Databricks
7 2 (0.49%) Google
7 2 (0.49%) MapR
7 2 (0.49%) Sybase
7 2 (0.49%) TIBCO
8 1 (0.24%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.24%) Bloomberg
8 1 (0.24%) ForgeRock
8 1 (0.24%) FXall
8 1 (0.24%) Infor
8 1 (0.24%) Reuters
8 1 (0.24%) StreamBase
8 1 (0.24%) Veracode