Period
to 25 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 25 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
England > London
6 months to
25 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 131 145 70
Rank change year-on-year +14 -75 +16
Contract jobs citing Java 8 336 657 1,686
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.11% 1.87% 3.69%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.24% 3.98% 7.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 259 556 1,454
Median daily rate £510 £571 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.68% +3.82% +2.33%
10th Percentile £362 £434 £428
90th Percentile £650 £700 £675
England median daily rate £488 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -11.36% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 £38.29
% change year-on-year -9.68% +1.21% -19.40%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 7,920 16,496 22,969
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.69% 47.02% 50.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,468 12,379 17,551
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £345 £363 £363
90th Percentile £725 £694 £675
England median daily rate £488 £488 £475
% change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 118 111
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.25 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.65% +25.69% +2.86%
10th Percentile £25.00 £18.38 £18.00
90th Percentile £58.45 £69.15 £58.75
Median hourly rate £37.00 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -14.94% +3.57% +5.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 25 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the London region over the 6 months to 25 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +64 64 £570 -0.87% 34
West London +52 4 £438 -31.10% 21
South London -2 3 £375 -28.57% 1
East London +7 1 - - 2
Java 8
England

For the 6 months to 25 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 330 (98.21%) Java
2 234 (69.64%) Spring
3 207 (61.61%) Microservices
4 193 (57.44%) Agile Software Development
5 178 (52.98%) Spring Boot
6 123 (36.61%) AWS
7 116 (34.52%) TDD
8 104 (30.95%) Docker
9 97 (28.87%) Finance
10 93 (27.68%) Jenkins
11 92 (27.38%) Kubernetes
12 91 (27.08%) BDD
13 87 (25.89%) Git (software)
14 83 (24.70%) Scrum
15 76 (22.62%) REST
16 68 (20.24%) Azure
17 63 (18.75%) Kafka
18 61 (18.15%) Maven
18 61 (18.15%) SQL
19 52 (15.48%) Banking
20 51 (15.18%) DevOps
21 48 (14.29%) RESTful
22 46 (13.69%) Continuous Integration
23 45 (13.39%) Continuous Delivery
23 45 (13.39%) Kotlin
24 43 (12.80%) Linux
25 42 (12.50%) Software Engineering
26 41 (12.20%) AngularJS
27 40 (11.90%) Python
28 39 (11.61%) Functional Programming

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (9.82%) Cloud Foundry
2 15 (4.46%) Apache
3 11 (3.27%) Red Hat Fuse
4 9 (2.68%) Confluence
5 8 (2.38%) Apache Spark
6 7 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (1.79%) WebSphere
8 4 (1.19%) Mule
9 3 (0.89%) Anypoint
10 2 (0.60%) JBoss
10 2 (0.60%) Jupyter
10 2 (0.60%) Oracle Coherence
10 2 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.30%) Camunda
11 1 (0.30%) Mule ESB
11 1 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
Business Applications
1 1 (0.30%) ION MarketView
1 1 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 123 (36.61%) AWS
2 68 (20.24%) Azure
3 31 (9.23%) GCP
4 13 (3.87%) Amazon EC2
5 11 (3.27%) GitHub
6 8 (2.38%) Amazon ECS
7 7 (2.08%) AWS Fargate
8 4 (1.19%) Amazon S3
8 4 (1.19%) Apigee
8 4 (1.19%) Boomi
8 4 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (1.19%) Serverless
9 3 (0.89%) Slack
10 2 (0.60%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
10 2 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.60%) IaaS
10 2 (0.60%) PaaS
10 2 (0.60%) SaaS
11 1 (0.30%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.87%) HTTP
2 10 (2.98%) Internet
3 2 (0.60%) DSL
3 2 (0.60%) FIX Connectivity
3 2 (0.60%) SSL
3 2 (0.60%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.30%) DNS
4 1 (0.30%) FTP
4 1 (0.30%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.30%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.30%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (9.52%) NoSQL
2 28 (8.33%) MongoDB
3 26 (7.74%) Relational Database
4 19 (5.65%) Apache Cassandra
5 15 (4.46%) MySQL
6 11 (3.27%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (2.98%) Redis
8 8 (2.38%) Hazelcast
9 7 (2.08%) Oracle Database
9 7 (2.08%) SQL Server
10 6 (1.79%) Big Data
10 6 (1.79%) Couchbase
10 6 (1.79%) RDBMS
11 5 (1.49%) Hadoop
12 4 (1.19%) Apache Hive
12 4 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (1.19%) Oracle Database 11g
13 2 (0.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 2 (0.60%) Amazon RDS
13 2 (0.60%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 93 (27.68%) Jenkins
2 87 (25.89%) Git (software)
3 61 (18.15%) Maven
4 37 (11.01%) JIRA
5 33 (9.82%) Gradle
6 31 (9.23%) JUnit
7 24 (7.14%) Mockito
8 18 (5.36%) Selenium
9 15 (4.46%) Cucumber
10 8 (2.38%) IntelliJ
10 8 (2.38%) SonarQube
11 6 (1.79%) Sonatype Nexus
12 5 (1.49%) Eclipse
12 5 (1.49%) Hudson
13 3 (0.89%) Android Studio
13 3 (0.89%) Gatling
13 3 (0.89%) Jasmine
13 3 (0.89%) JMeter
13 3 (0.89%) TeamCity
13 3 (0.89%) TestNG
General
1 97 (28.87%) Finance
2 52 (15.48%) Banking
3 17 (5.06%) Public Sector
4 14 (4.17%) Investment Banking
5 10 (2.98%) Front Office
6 8 (2.38%) Financial Institution
7 6 (1.79%) Advertising
7 6 (1.79%) Games
7 6 (1.79%) Retail Banking
8 2 (0.60%) Back Office
8 2 (0.60%) Marketing
8 2 (0.60%) Retail
9 1 (0.30%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.30%) Electronics
9 1 (0.30%) French Language
9 1 (0.30%) German Language
9 1 (0.30%) Legal
9 1 (0.30%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.30%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 254 (75.60%) Developer
2 219 (65.18%) Java Developer
3 46 (13.69%) Java Engineer
4 42 (12.50%) Senior Developer
5 40 (11.90%) Senior Java Developer
6 22 (6.55%) Full Stack Developer
7 20 (5.95%) Backend Developer
8 11 (3.27%) Lead Developer
9 10 (2.98%) Architect
9 10 (2.98%) Java Architect
10 9 (2.68%) AWS Developer
11 8 (2.38%) Lead Java Developer
11 8 (2.38%) QA Engineer
11 8 (2.38%) Senior Java Engineer
12 7 (2.08%) Core Java Developer
12 7 (2.08%) Integration Developer
12 7 (2.08%) Software Engineer
13 6 (1.79%) Azure Developer
13 6 (1.79%) Data Engineer
13 6 (1.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (69.64%) Spring
2 178 (52.98%) Spring Boot
3 76 (22.62%) REST
4 63 (18.75%) Kafka
5 48 (14.29%) RESTful
6 41 (12.20%) AngularJS
7 33 (9.82%) Apache Camel
8 30 (8.93%) Hibernate
8 30 (8.93%) Web Services
9 28 (8.33%) Hystrix
10 27 (8.04%) RxJava
11 25 (7.44%) HTML
11 25 (7.44%) JMS
12 19 (5.65%) React
12 19 (5.65%) Spring Cloud
13 16 (4.76%) HTML5
13 16 (4.76%) JDBC
14 15 (4.46%) Middleware
15 14 (4.17%) jQuery
16 13 (3.87%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 34 (10.12%) Mobile App
2 17 (5.06%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (5.06%) Greenfield Project
3 14 (4.17%) Enterprise Software
4 12 (3.57%) Clustering
5 10 (2.98%) Algorithms
5 10 (2.98%) Public Cloud
6 8 (2.38%) User Experience
7 7 (2.08%) Fixed Income
8 6 (1.79%) Data Structures
8 6 (1.79%) Derivative
9 5 (1.49%) Equities
9 5 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.49%) Virtual Team
10 4 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (1.19%) Hedge funds
11 3 (0.89%) Cloud Native
12 2 (0.60%) PKI
12 2 (0.60%) Reference Data
12 2 (0.60%) TWAP
Operating Systems
1 43 (12.80%) Linux
2 11 (3.27%) Unix
3 6 (1.79%) Mac OS X
4 4 (1.19%) Android
5 3 (0.89%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.30%) Solaris
6 1 (0.30%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 207 (61.61%) Microservices
2 193 (57.44%) Agile Software Development
3 116 (34.52%) TDD
4 91 (27.08%) BDD
5 83 (24.70%) Scrum
6 51 (15.18%) DevOps
7 46 (13.69%) Continuous Integration
8 45 (13.39%) Continuous Delivery
9 42 (12.50%) Software Engineering
10 39 (11.61%) Functional Programming
11 35 (10.42%) Test Automation
12 33 (9.82%) Open Source
13 32 (9.52%) SDLC
14 31 (9.23%) Multithreading
15 29 (8.63%) OO
16 28 (8.33%) Digital Transformation Programme
16 28 (8.33%) Pair Programming
17 26 (7.74%) Web Development
18 23 (6.85%) Change Management
19 22 (6.55%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 330 (98.21%) Java
2 61 (18.15%) SQL
3 45 (13.39%) Kotlin
4 40 (11.90%) Python
5 33 (9.82%) JavaScript
6 24 (7.14%) Scala
7 14 (4.17%) Java 9
8 12 (3.57%) PL/SQL
9 6 (1.79%) Shell Script
10 5 (1.49%) TypeScript
11 2 (0.60%) Apple Swift
11 2 (0.60%) ES6
11 2 (0.60%) Go
11 2 (0.60%) Groovy
12 1 (0.30%) C#
12 1 (0.30%) Clojure
12 1 (0.30%) ClojureScript
12 1 (0.30%) Haskell
12 1 (0.30%) Perl
Qualifications
1 21 (6.25%) Degree
2 16 (4.76%) Security Cleared
3 12 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (2.68%) Master's Degree
5 8 (2.38%) SC Cleared
6 6 (1.79%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.60%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (8.63%) QA
2 5 (1.49%) MiFID
3 1 (0.30%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.30%) PMO
System Software
1 104 (30.95%) Docker
Systems Management
1 92 (27.38%) Kubernetes
2 32 (9.52%) Prometheus
3 18 (5.36%) Terraform
4 5 (1.49%) Rundeck
4 5 (1.49%) Zipkin
5 2 (0.60%) Ansible
6 1 (0.30%) CFEngine
6 1 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.30%) Kibana
6 1 (0.30%) Knative
6 1 (0.30%) linkerd
6 1 (0.30%) logstash
6 1 (0.30%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 36 (10.71%) MuleSoft
2 31 (9.23%) Splunk
3 28 (8.33%) AppDynamics
3 28 (8.33%) Oracle
4 4 (1.19%) Google
4 4 (1.19%) SAP
4 4 (1.19%) Sybase
4 4 (1.19%) Talend
4 4 (1.19%) TIBCO
4 4 (1.19%) webMethods
5 3 (0.89%) Confluent
5 3 (0.89%) Databricks
5 3 (0.89%) Dynatrace
6 2 (0.60%) Ariba
6 2 (0.60%) IBM
7 1 (0.30%) Bloomberg
7 1 (0.30%) ION Trading
7 1 (0.30%) Microsoft
7 1 (0.30%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.30%) VMware