Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
England > London
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 138 117 101
Rank change year-on-year -21 -16 -15
Contract jobs citing Java 8 467 477 1,058
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.98% 2.27% 2.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.17% 4.72% 5.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 333 370 873
10th Percentile £429 £425 £450
25th Percentile £500 £500 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £563 £575
Median % change year-on-year -2.22% -2.17% +6.48%
75th Percentile £638 £630 £638
90th Percentile £695 £700 £700
England median daily rate £525 £531 £538
% change year-on-year -1.04% -1.30% +4.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £57.50 -
England median hourly rate £65.50 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +42.39% -16.36% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,204 10,096 19,479
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.54% 47.95% 47.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,374 7,551 14,804
10th Percentile £363 £368 £363
25th Percentile £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £638 £625 £613
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £485
% change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 80 112
10th Percentile £20.35 £18.23 £18.19
25th Percentile £30.18 £26.69 £21.11
Median hourly rate £44.75 £47.83 £36.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.44% +32.86% -6.49%
75th Percentile £63.81 £58.38 £47.83
90th Percentile £68.00 £65.28 £53.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the London region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +30 85 £600 +9.09% 46
South London +1 4 £488 -4.88% 3
East London +10 3 £650 +18.18% 7
West London +14 1 £463 -15.91% 41
Java 8
England

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 462 (98.93%) Java
2 339 (72.59%) Spring
3 279 (59.74%) Microservices
4 271 (58.03%) Agile Software Development
5 219 (46.90%) Spring Boot
6 178 (38.12%) Finance
7 155 (33.19%) REST
8 154 (32.98%) Docker
9 150 (32.12%) AWS
10 136 (29.12%) TDD
11 129 (27.62%) Kubernetes
12 124 (26.55%) SQL
13 122 (26.12%) Banking
14 111 (23.77%) Jenkins
15 104 (22.27%) JavaScript
16 103 (22.06%) Git (software)
17 98 (20.99%) Maven
18 93 (19.91%) BDD
19 87 (18.63%) Scrum
20 86 (18.42%) Social Skills
21 83 (17.77%) Oracle
22 81 (17.34%) RESTful
22 81 (17.34%) Kafka
22 81 (17.34%) DevOps
23 78 (16.70%) Linux
24 77 (16.49%) Azure
25 68 (14.56%) Multithreading
26 66 (14.13%) Continuous Integration
27 65 (13.92%) SC Cleared
27 65 (13.92%) Security Cleared

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (5.35%) Apache
2 22 (4.71%) Camunda
3 17 (3.64%) Red Hat Fuse
4 15 (3.21%) Cloud Foundry
4 15 (3.21%) Confluence
4 15 (3.21%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (3.00%) Tomcat
6 11 (2.36%) Apache Spark
7 8 (1.71%) Oracle Coherence
8 7 (1.50%) GemFire
9 6 (1.28%) WebSphere
10 5 (1.07%) JBoss
10 5 (1.07%) WebSphere Application Server
11 4 (0.86%) GlassFish
11 4 (0.86%) Mule
12 2 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.21%) Jupyter
13 1 (0.21%) MTS
13 1 (0.21%) OpenStack
13 1 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 3 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.43%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (1.07%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 150 (32.12%) AWS
2 77 (16.49%) Azure
3 31 (6.64%) Serverless
4 29 (6.21%) OpenShift
5 28 (6.00%) GCP
6 25 (5.35%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (3.00%) GitHub
8 13 (2.78%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (2.14%) Amazon S3
9 10 (2.14%) PaaS
10 7 (1.50%) IaaS
11 5 (1.07%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
12 4 (0.86%) SaaS
12 4 (0.86%) Slack
13 3 (0.64%) Amazon ECS
13 3 (0.64%) Amazon EKS
13 3 (0.64%) Power Platform
14 2 (0.43%) Apigee
14 2 (0.43%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.78%) SSL
2 9 (1.93%) TCP/IP
3 7 (1.50%) DNS
4 6 (1.28%) HTTP
5 5 (1.07%) DMARC
5 5 (1.07%) SMS
5 5 (1.07%) SMTP
6 4 (0.86%) Internet
7 3 (0.64%) FTP
7 3 (0.64%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.21%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (8.35%) PostgreSQL
2 38 (8.14%) Relational Database
3 33 (7.07%) NoSQL
4 30 (6.42%) MongoDB
5 26 (5.57%) Redis
6 25 (5.35%) Hazelcast
7 21 (4.50%) SQL Server
8 10 (2.14%) DB2
9 8 (1.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 7 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (1.28%) HBase
11 6 (1.28%) Oracle Database
12 5 (1.07%) CockroachDB
12 5 (1.07%) MySQL
12 5 (1.07%) RDBMS
13 3 (0.64%) Big Data
13 3 (0.64%) Blockchain
13 3 (0.64%) Couchbase
13 3 (0.64%) Neo4j
13 3 (0.64%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 111 (23.77%) Jenkins
2 103 (22.06%) Git (software)
3 98 (20.99%) Maven
4 65 (13.92%) JUnit
5 52 (11.13%) Gradle
6 43 (9.21%) JIRA
7 38 (8.14%) Mockito
8 33 (7.07%) Cucumber
9 26 (5.57%) Ant
10 17 (3.64%) Selenium
11 14 (3.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 14 (3.00%) Bitbucket
12 13 (2.78%) TeamCity
13 9 (1.93%) Cypress.io
13 9 (1.93%) GitLab
13 9 (1.93%) SonarQube
13 9 (1.93%) webpack
14 8 (1.71%) REST Assured
15 7 (1.50%) Hudson
15 7 (1.50%) Mocha
General
1 178 (38.12%) Finance
2 122 (26.12%) Banking
3 86 (18.42%) Social Skills
4 49 (10.49%) Investment Banking
5 32 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
6 24 (5.14%) Front Office
7 20 (4.28%) Financial Institution
8 12 (2.57%) Public Sector
9 8 (1.71%) Retail
10 6 (1.28%) Marketing
11 5 (1.07%) Back Office
11 5 (1.07%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.64%) Games
12 3 (0.64%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.43%) Advertising
13 2 (0.43%) Corporate Banking
13 2 (0.43%) Electronics
13 2 (0.43%) Influencing Skills
13 2 (0.43%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.43%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 389 (83.30%) Developer
2 354 (75.80%) Java Developer
3 101 (21.63%) Senior Developer
4 90 (19.27%) Senior Java Developer
5 35 (7.49%) SC Cleared Java Developer
6 29 (6.21%) Full Stack Developer
7 25 (5.35%) Java Engineer
8 22 (4.71%) AWS Developer
9 14 (3.00%) Core Java Developer
10 13 (2.78%) Architect
11 11 (2.36%) Consultant
11 11 (2.36%) Java Architect
11 11 (2.36%) Java Consultant
11 11 (2.36%) Senior Consultant
11 11 (2.36%) Senior Java Consultant
12 10 (2.14%) Lead Developer
12 10 (2.14%) Solutions Architect
13 9 (1.93%) Java Solutions Architect
13 9 (1.93%) Lead Java Developer
13 9 (1.93%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 339 (72.59%) Spring
2 219 (46.90%) Spring Boot
3 155 (33.19%) REST
4 81 (17.34%) Kafka
4 81 (17.34%) RESTful
5 63 (13.49%) AngularJS
6 62 (13.28%) Hibernate
7 61 (13.06%) HTML
8 53 (11.35%) React
9 45 (9.64%) JDBC
10 42 (8.99%) Node.js
11 40 (8.57%) Web Services
12 38 (8.14%) CSS
12 38 (8.14%) JMS
13 33 (7.07%) JPA
14 31 (6.64%) jQuery
15 28 (6.00%) GraphQL
16 26 (5.57%) Apache Camel
16 26 (5.57%) SOAP
17 25 (5.35%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 34 (7.28%) Algorithms
2 30 (6.42%) Data Structures
2 30 (6.42%) Enterprise Software
3 27 (5.78%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (5.35%) User Experience
5 20 (4.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 19 (4.07%) Clustering
7 16 (3.43%) Mobile App
7 16 (3.43%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (2.14%) Hedge funds
9 8 (1.71%) Fixed Income
10 7 (1.50%) Credit Risk
10 7 (1.50%) Derivative
10 7 (1.50%) Grid Computing
10 7 (1.50%) Market Risk
11 6 (1.28%) Equities
11 6 (1.28%) Public Cloud
11 6 (1.28%) Virtual Team
12 5 (1.07%) Cloud Native
12 5 (1.07%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 78 (16.70%) Linux
2 39 (8.35%) Unix
3 11 (2.36%) Mac OS X
4 7 (1.50%) Windows
5 2 (0.43%) Android
6 1 (0.21%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 279 (59.74%) Microservices
2 271 (58.03%) Agile Software Development
3 136 (29.12%) TDD
4 93 (19.91%) BDD
5 87 (18.63%) Scrum
6 81 (17.34%) DevOps
7 68 (14.56%) Multithreading
8 66 (14.13%) Continuous Integration
9 61 (13.06%) Test Automation
10 56 (11.99%) Digital Transformation Programme
11 51 (10.92%) Software Engineering
12 48 (10.28%) Continuous Delivery
13 45 (9.64%) MVC
13 45 (9.64%) Unit Testing
14 44 (9.42%) Change Management
15 37 (7.92%) API Design
15 37 (7.92%) API Development
15 37 (7.92%) Problem-Solving
16 36 (7.71%) OO
16 36 (7.71%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 462 (98.93%) Java
2 124 (26.55%) SQL
3 104 (22.27%) JavaScript
4 46 (9.85%) Kotlin
5 42 (8.99%) Scala
6 39 (8.35%) Python
7 36 (7.71%) PL/SQL
8 25 (5.35%) TypeScript
9 20 (4.28%) ES6
10 12 (2.57%) Haskell
11 11 (2.36%) Shell Script
12 9 (1.93%) Java 9
13 8 (1.71%) T-SQL
14 7 (1.50%) C++
14 7 (1.50%) Go
15 6 (1.28%) PowerShell
16 4 (0.86%) C
16 4 (0.86%) C#
16 4 (0.86%) Groovy
16 4 (0.86%) XPath
Qualifications
1 65 (13.92%) SC Cleared
1 65 (13.92%) Security Cleared
2 30 (6.42%) Degree
3 24 (5.14%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (1.71%) Master's Degree
5 3 (0.64%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.43%) ISEB
6 2 (0.43%) ISTQB
6 2 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.21%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.21%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.43%) QA
2 5 (1.07%) Data Quality
2 5 (1.07%) GDPR
3 3 (0.64%) MiFID
3 3 (0.64%) PMO
4 1 (0.21%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 154 (32.98%) Docker
2 12 (2.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.64%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.43%) KVM
Systems Management
1 129 (27.62%) Kubernetes
2 18 (3.85%) Prometheus
3 10 (2.14%) Terraform
4 7 (1.50%) Zipkin
5 4 (0.86%) Ansible
6 3 (0.64%) Kibana
7 2 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.43%) Grafana
8 1 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 83 (17.77%) Oracle
2 26 (5.57%) Splunk
3 22 (4.71%) AppDynamics
4 21 (4.50%) Microsoft
5 17 (3.64%) MuleSoft
6 16 (3.43%) IBM
7 15 (3.21%) Google
8 8 (1.71%) Solace
9 7 (1.50%) Adobe
10 5 (1.07%) New Relic
11 4 (0.86%) Atlassian
12 3 (0.64%) Confluent
13 2 (0.43%) JDA
13 2 (0.43%) Red Hat
14 1 (0.21%) Bloomberg
14 1 (0.21%) PeopleSoft
14 1 (0.21%) Perforce
14 1 (0.21%) SAP
14 1 (0.21%) Sybase
14 1 (0.21%) Tradeweb