Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
England > London
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 166 106 130
Rank change year-on-year -60 +24 -52
Contract jobs citing Java 8 576 334 843
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.71% 2.52% 2.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.73% 4.99% 4.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 438 249 718
10th Percentile £463 £411 £450
25th Percentile £513 £475 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £538 £575
Median % change year-on-year +11.63% -6.52% +4.55%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £645
90th Percentile £780 £650 £700
England median daily rate £570 £520 £550
% change year-on-year +9.62% -5.45% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £50.00
England median hourly rate £65.50 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +42.39% -16.36% +27.91%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 15,447 6,696 18,185
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 45.84% 50.56% 47.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,627 4,920 13,862
10th Percentile £400 £363 £363
25th Percentile £463 £431 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £665 £638 £613
90th Percentile £738 £738 £695
England median daily rate £525 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 89 44 102
10th Percentile £20.89 £21.65 £16.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £26.50 £22.06
Median hourly rate £48.58 £37.93 £47.25
Median % change year-on-year +28.09% -19.73% +21.15%
75th Percentile £63.75 £48.47 £52.50
90th Percentile £69.20 £56.35 £59.75
England median hourly rate £45.00 £39.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +15.38% -13.33% +7.14%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -46 63 £625 +12.36% 47
West London -7 8 £525 +0.48% 24
South London -1 4 £475 +26.67% 1
East London - 3 £650 - 10
Java 8
England

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 570 (98.96%) Java
2 392 (68.06%) Spring
3 357 (61.98%) Agile Software Development
4 272 (47.22%) Microservices
5 267 (46.35%) Spring Boot
6 256 (44.44%) Finance
7 174 (30.21%) SQL
8 169 (29.34%) Banking
9 152 (26.39%) TDD
10 147 (25.52%) Oracle
10 147 (25.52%) Docker
11 145 (25.17%) Multithreading
12 144 (25.00%) AWS
13 134 (23.26%) Scrum
14 133 (23.09%) Git (software)
15 131 (22.74%) Kubernetes
16 129 (22.40%) REST
17 128 (22.22%) Java 11
18 121 (21.01%) Maven
19 120 (20.83%) DevOps
20 119 (20.66%) RESTful
21 116 (20.14%) Jenkins
22 97 (16.84%) Social Skills
23 95 (16.49%) BDD
23 95 (16.49%) JUnit
24 94 (16.32%) Azure
25 93 (16.15%) Investment Banking
26 92 (15.97%) Linux
27 85 (14.76%) Test Automation
28 84 (14.58%) Kafka

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (4.69%) Apache
1 27 (4.69%) Apache Spark
2 21 (3.65%) Tomcat
3 19 (3.30%) CMS
4 17 (2.95%) Confluence
5 16 (2.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 16 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (1.56%) GemFire
7 7 (1.22%) Camunda
8 6 (1.04%) Headless CMS
9 5 (0.87%) Mule
10 3 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.52%) Magnolia
11 2 (0.35%) Apache ServiceMix
11 2 (0.35%) JBoss
11 2 (0.35%) Oracle Coherence
11 2 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.35%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.35%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.17%) MQSeries
Applications
1 3 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
1 1 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.17%) ION MarketView
1 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
1 1 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 144 (25.00%) AWS
2 94 (16.32%) Azure
3 40 (6.94%) GCP
3 40 (6.94%) GitHub
4 37 (6.42%) Serverless
5 32 (5.56%) AWS Lambda
6 22 (3.82%) OpenShift
7 11 (1.91%) Amazon S3
8 10 (1.74%) Amazon EC2
9 7 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
9 7 (1.22%) GitHub Actions
10 6 (1.04%) Amazon ECS
10 6 (1.04%) AWS CodePipeline
10 6 (1.04%) PaaS
11 5 (0.87%) Azure Service Bus
12 4 (0.69%) SaaS
13 3 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
13 3 (0.52%) Apigee
13 3 (0.52%) IaaS
13 3 (0.52%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 31 (5.38%) SSL
2 29 (5.03%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.39%) HTTP
4 7 (1.22%) Kerberos
5 3 (0.52%) Intranet
6 2 (0.35%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.17%) DMARC
7 1 (0.17%) DNS
7 1 (0.17%) Internet
7 1 (0.17%) SMS
7 1 (0.17%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (9.90%) Redis
2 50 (8.68%) NoSQL
3 45 (7.81%) Relational Database
4 40 (6.94%) SQL Server
5 38 (6.60%) Hazelcast
6 35 (6.08%) MongoDB
7 34 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
8 30 (5.21%) MySQL
9 16 (2.78%) Apache Hive
9 16 (2.78%) Big Data
9 16 (2.78%) Oracle Database
10 14 (2.43%) Data Warehouse
11 13 (2.26%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 12 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
12 12 (2.08%) Parquet
13 10 (1.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 9 (1.56%) Hadoop
14 9 (1.56%) RDBMS
14 9 (1.56%) Tableau
15 8 (1.39%) HBase
Development Applications
1 133 (23.09%) Git (software)
2 121 (21.01%) Maven
3 116 (20.14%) Jenkins
4 95 (16.49%) JUnit
5 82 (14.24%) Mockito
6 41 (7.12%) JIRA
7 39 (6.77%) Cucumber
8 31 (5.38%) Gradle
9 26 (4.51%) TeamCity
10 24 (4.17%) Hudson
11 22 (3.82%) IntelliJ
12 20 (3.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 19 (3.30%) Bitbucket
14 16 (2.78%) Selenium
15 15 (2.60%) Subversion
16 11 (1.91%) Ant
16 11 (1.91%) GitLab
17 10 (1.74%) TestNG
18 9 (1.56%) Cypress.io
18 9 (1.56%) EasyMock
General
1 256 (44.44%) Finance
2 169 (29.34%) Banking
3 97 (16.84%) Social Skills
4 93 (16.15%) Investment Banking
5 62 (10.76%) Front Office
6 32 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
7 24 (4.17%) Retail
8 20 (3.47%) Financial Institution
9 17 (2.95%) Presentation Skills
10 13 (2.26%) Marketing
11 12 (2.08%) Manufacturing
12 11 (1.91%) Back Office
13 6 (1.04%) Electronics
13 6 (1.04%) Public Sector
14 4 (0.69%) Influencing Skills
14 4 (0.69%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.52%) Games
15 3 (0.52%) Legal
16 2 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
16 2 (0.35%) Law
Job Titles
1 466 (80.90%) Developer
2 422 (73.26%) Java Developer
3 143 (24.83%) Senior Developer
4 134 (23.26%) Senior Java Developer
5 36 (6.25%) Java Engineer
6 33 (5.73%) Core Java Developer
7 23 (3.99%) Software Engineer
8 20 (3.47%) Consultant
8 20 (3.47%) Java Consultant
8 20 (3.47%) Senior Consultant
8 20 (3.47%) Senior Java Consultant
9 18 (3.13%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 17 (2.95%) Full Stack Developer
11 16 (2.78%) Front Office Developer
11 16 (2.78%) Investment Banking Java Developer
11 16 (2.78%) Software Developer
12 13 (2.26%) AWS Developer
12 13 (2.26%) Big Data Engineer
12 13 (2.26%) Data Engineer
13 12 (2.08%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 392 (68.06%) Spring
2 267 (46.35%) Spring Boot
3 129 (22.40%) REST
4 119 (20.66%) RESTful
5 84 (14.58%) Kafka
6 75 (13.02%) Hibernate
7 66 (11.46%) Web Services
8 62 (10.76%) React
9 57 (9.90%) CSS
9 57 (9.90%) HTML
10 52 (9.03%) JPA
11 42 (7.29%) AngularJS
12 40 (6.94%) XML
13 39 (6.77%) JMS
14 29 (5.03%) Memcached
15 27 (4.69%) JSON
16 26 (4.51%) Apache Camel
17 24 (4.17%) JAX-RS
17 24 (4.17%) SOAP
18 23 (3.99%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 77 (13.37%) Algorithms
2 57 (9.90%) Data Structures
2 57 (9.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 53 (9.20%) Derivative
4 34 (5.90%) Fixed Income
5 28 (4.86%) Greenfield Project
6 23 (3.99%) User Experience
7 18 (3.13%) Mobile App
8 13 (2.26%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (2.26%) Legacy Systems
8 13 (2.26%) Social Media
9 11 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
10 9 (1.56%) Grid Computing
10 9 (1.56%) Hedge funds
10 9 (1.56%) Market Risk
11 8 (1.39%) Data Protection Act
11 8 (1.39%) Reference Data
12 7 (1.22%) Cloud Native
13 6 (1.04%) Legacy Applications
13 6 (1.04%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 92 (15.97%) Linux
2 54 (9.38%) Unix
3 10 (1.74%) Mac OS X
3 10 (1.74%) Windows
4 2 (0.35%) Android
5 1 (0.17%) CentOS
5 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 357 (61.98%) Agile Software Development
2 272 (47.22%) Microservices
3 152 (26.39%) TDD
4 145 (25.17%) Multithreading
5 134 (23.26%) Scrum
6 120 (20.83%) DevOps
7 95 (16.49%) BDD
8 85 (14.76%) Test Automation
9 70 (12.15%) Software Engineering
10 66 (11.46%) API Design
11 60 (10.42%) API Development
11 60 (10.42%) Pair Programming
12 58 (10.07%) Performance Tuning
13 56 (9.72%) Unit Testing
14 50 (8.68%) SDLC
15 48 (8.33%) Problem-Solving
16 47 (8.16%) Analytics
16 47 (8.16%) Full Stack Development
17 42 (7.29%) Kanban
18 41 (7.12%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 570 (98.96%) Java
2 174 (30.21%) SQL
3 128 (22.22%) Java 11
4 81 (14.06%) JavaScript
5 68 (11.81%) PL/SQL
6 60 (10.42%) Scala
7 37 (6.42%) Kotlin
8 29 (5.03%) Haskell
9 28 (4.86%) TypeScript
10 26 (4.51%) Python
11 19 (3.30%) Java 9
12 12 (2.08%) Shell Script
12 12 (2.08%) T-SQL
13 11 (1.91%) ES6
14 9 (1.56%) Bash Shell
15 7 (1.22%) C#
15 7 (1.22%) C++
15 7 (1.22%) Groovy
16 5 (0.87%) MATLAB
17 4 (0.69%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 55 (9.55%) SC Cleared
1 55 (9.55%) Security Cleared
2 44 (7.64%) Degree
3 33 (5.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
5 4 (0.69%) OCPJP
5 4 (0.69%) Sun Certification
6 2 (0.35%) ISEB
6 2 (0.35%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.17%) BC Cleared
7 1 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.17%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.17%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (2.08%) Accessibility
2 9 (1.56%) QA
3 3 (0.52%) PMO
4 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.17%) EMIR
4 1 (0.17%) GDPR
4 1 (0.17%) MiFID
System Software
1 147 (25.52%) Docker
2 3 (0.52%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.17%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 131 (22.74%) Kubernetes
2 29 (5.03%) Ansible
3 26 (4.51%) Kibana
4 12 (2.08%) Oozie
4 12 (2.08%) Single Sign-On
4 12 (2.08%) Terraform
5 8 (1.39%) Docker Swarm
5 8 (1.39%) logstash
6 7 (1.22%) Grafana
7 4 (0.69%) Prometheus
7 4 (0.69%) Puppet
8 3 (0.52%) Marathon
8 3 (0.52%) Mesos
8 3 (0.52%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 147 (25.52%) Oracle
2 19 (3.30%) Solace
3 17 (2.95%) Adobe
4 14 (2.43%) Google
5 13 (2.26%) Splunk
6 12 (2.08%) Microsoft
6 12 (2.08%) MuleSoft
7 8 (1.39%) Bloomberg
8 7 (1.22%) Atlassian
9 6 (1.04%) ION Trading
10 5 (0.87%) IBM
10 5 (0.87%) New Relic
10 5 (0.87%) Perforce
11 4 (0.69%) Fidessa
11 4 (0.69%) Sun
12 3 (0.52%) AppDynamics
12 3 (0.52%) hybris
13 2 (0.35%) MarketAxess
13 2 (0.35%) Software AG
13 2 (0.35%) Tradeweb