Period
to 27 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 27 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 8
England > London
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 132 127 76
Rank change year-on-year -5 -51 +14
Contract jobs citing Java 8 401 576 1,445
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.04% 2.05% 3.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.19% 4.32% 6.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 361 470 1,236
Median daily rate £525 £565 £563
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.08% +0.44% +4.65%
10th Percentile £400 £425 £438
90th Percentile £650 £700 £688
England median daily rate £500 £550 £526
% change year-on-year -9.09% +4.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
Median hourly rate £42.00 £53.75 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.86% - -
England median hourly rate £58.00 £46.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +26.09% -16.36% +22.22%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 9,570 13,344 21,645
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.80% 47.41% 49.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,027 10,018 16,534
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £488 £485
% change year-on-year - +0.62% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 94 101
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.83 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.37% +30.43% +14.59%
10th Percentile £21.63 £18.72 £18.70
90th Percentile £68.36 £63.75 £53.75
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Daily rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in London over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java 8 in London

Java 8
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the London region over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +55 81 £588 +6.82% 34
South London -2 5 £444 -17.82% 2
West London +33 1 £375 -31.82% 34
East London +13 1 - - 4
Java 8
England

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 397 (99.00%) Java
2 292 (72.82%) Spring
3 265 (66.08%) Microservices
4 245 (61.10%) Agile Software Development
5 197 (49.13%) Spring Boot
6 142 (35.41%) AWS
7 139 (34.66%) Kubernetes
8 133 (33.17%) Finance
9 132 (32.92%) Docker
10 124 (30.92%) TDD
11 113 (28.18%) Jenkins
12 109 (27.18%) REST
13 101 (25.19%) BDD
14 92 (22.94%) Git (software)
15 91 (22.69%) SQL
16 87 (21.70%) JavaScript
16 87 (21.70%) Scrum
17 80 (19.95%) Continuous Integration
18 78 (19.45%) Kafka
19 77 (19.20%) Maven
20 76 (18.95%) Banking
21 70 (17.46%) RESTful
22 69 (17.21%) Azure
23 61 (15.21%) AngularJS
24 58 (14.46%) DevOps
25 54 (13.47%) Continuous Delivery
26 53 (13.22%) Oracle
27 52 (12.97%) Linux
28 51 (12.72%) Hibernate
28 51 (12.72%) Software Engineering

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (6.73%) Cloud Foundry
2 26 (6.48%) Apache
3 23 (5.74%) Red Hat Fuse
4 20 (4.99%) Camunda
4 20 (4.99%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (3.49%) Confluence
6 10 (2.49%) WebSphere
7 8 (2.00%) Oracle Coherence
8 7 (1.75%) Apache Spark
9 6 (1.50%) Tomcat
10 5 (1.25%) JBoss
11 4 (1.00%) GlassFish
11 4 (1.00%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.50%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.50%) Mule
13 1 (0.25%) MTS
13 1 (0.25%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 2 (0.50%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 1 (0.25%) Adobe Campaign
1 1 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 142 (35.41%) AWS
2 69 (17.21%) Azure
3 41 (10.22%) GCP
4 19 (4.74%) OpenShift
5 17 (4.24%) Serverless
6 14 (3.49%) AWS Lambda
6 14 (3.49%) Cloud Computing
7 13 (3.24%) GitHub
8 12 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (1.25%) Amazon S3
9 5 (1.25%) IaaS
9 5 (1.25%) PaaS
9 5 (1.25%) Slack
10 4 (1.00%) Apigee
10 4 (1.00%) Boomi
11 2 (0.50%) Amazon EKS
11 2 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
11 2 (0.50%) Azure Stack
11 2 (0.50%) SaaS
12 1 (0.25%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 12 (2.99%) Internet
2 6 (1.50%) HTTP
3 5 (1.25%) SSL
4 3 (0.75%) DNS
4 3 (0.75%) FTP
5 2 (0.50%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.25%) DMARC
6 1 (0.25%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.25%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.25%) SMS
6 1 (0.25%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (9.23%) Relational Database
2 30 (7.48%) PostgreSQL
3 29 (7.23%) NoSQL
4 25 (6.23%) MongoDB
5 18 (4.49%) Hazelcast
6 15 (3.74%) SQL Server
7 14 (3.49%) Redis
8 11 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (2.00%) DB2
9 8 (2.00%) MySQL
10 6 (1.50%) RDBMS
11 5 (1.25%) Couchbase
11 5 (1.25%) Oracle Database
12 4 (1.00%) Big Data
12 4 (1.00%) HBase
12 4 (1.00%) Neo4j
13 3 (0.75%) Blockchain
13 3 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
14 2 (0.50%) Cloud Spanner
14 2 (0.50%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 113 (28.18%) Jenkins
2 92 (22.94%) Git (software)
3 77 (19.20%) Maven
4 43 (10.72%) JUnit
5 39 (9.73%) Gradle
5 39 (9.73%) JIRA
6 22 (5.49%) Cucumber
7 21 (5.24%) Mockito
8 19 (4.74%) Ant
8 19 (4.74%) Selenium
9 13 (3.24%) SonarQube
10 11 (2.74%) TeamCity
11 10 (2.49%) Bitbucket
12 8 (2.00%) GitLab
12 8 (2.00%) Sonatype Nexus
13 7 (1.75%) Subversion
14 6 (1.50%) Gatling
14 6 (1.50%) IntelliJ
15 5 (1.25%) Hudson
16 4 (1.00%) Jasmine
General
1 133 (33.17%) Finance
2 76 (18.95%) Banking
3 22 (5.49%) Investment Banking
4 12 (2.99%) Front Office
5 10 (2.49%) Financial Institution
5 10 (2.49%) Public Sector
6 7 (1.75%) Games
7 6 (1.50%) Retail
7 6 (1.50%) Retail Banking
8 5 (1.25%) Advertising
9 3 (0.75%) Back Office
10 2 (0.50%) Marketing
10 2 (0.50%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.25%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.25%) Dutch Language
11 1 (0.25%) Electronics
11 1 (0.25%) German Language
11 1 (0.25%) Legal
11 1 (0.25%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 324 (80.80%) Developer
2 295 (73.57%) Java Developer
3 73 (18.20%) Senior Developer
4 65 (16.21%) Senior Java Developer
5 36 (8.98%) Java Engineer
6 27 (6.73%) Full Stack Developer
7 24 (5.99%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 17 (4.24%) Architect
9 16 (3.99%) AWS Developer
10 15 (3.74%) Java Architect
11 12 (2.99%) Solutions Architect
12 11 (2.74%) Java Solutions Architect
12 11 (2.74%) Lead Developer
12 11 (2.74%) Software Developer
13 10 (2.49%) Lead Java Developer
14 9 (2.24%) Backend Developer
14 9 (2.24%) Core Java Developer
15 8 (2.00%) Web Developer
16 7 (1.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 7 (1.75%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 292 (72.82%) Spring
2 197 (49.13%) Spring Boot
3 109 (27.18%) REST
4 78 (19.45%) Kafka
5 70 (17.46%) RESTful
6 61 (15.21%) AngularJS
7 51 (12.72%) Hibernate
8 49 (12.22%) HTML
9 46 (11.47%) JDBC
10 44 (10.97%) React
11 35 (8.73%) Apache Camel
11 35 (8.73%) JMS
12 33 (8.23%) Node.js
13 32 (7.98%) Web Services
14 28 (6.98%) HTML5
15 27 (6.73%) jQuery
16 25 (6.23%) Spring Cloud
17 24 (5.99%) Ajax
18 23 (5.74%) GraphQL
19 22 (5.49%) JSF
Miscellaneous
1 30 (7.48%) Enterprise Software
2 27 (6.73%) Greenfield Project
3 26 (6.48%) Clustering
3 26 (6.48%) Mobile App
4 24 (5.99%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (4.49%) Data Structures
6 16 (3.99%) Algorithms
7 14 (3.49%) Public Cloud
7 14 (3.49%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (3.49%) User Experience
8 8 (2.00%) Virtual Team
9 7 (1.75%) Credit Risk
9 7 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (1.50%) Equities
11 3 (0.75%) Derivative
11 3 (0.75%) FMCG
11 3 (0.75%) Hedge funds
11 3 (0.75%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.50%) Media Streaming
12 2 (0.50%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 52 (12.97%) Linux
2 24 (5.99%) Unix
3 9 (2.24%) Mac OS X
4 4 (1.00%) Android
5 3 (0.75%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.25%) Solaris
6 1 (0.25%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (66.08%) Microservices
2 245 (61.10%) Agile Software Development
3 124 (30.92%) TDD
4 101 (25.19%) BDD
5 87 (21.70%) Scrum
6 80 (19.95%) Continuous Integration
7 58 (14.46%) DevOps
8 54 (13.47%) Continuous Delivery
9 51 (12.72%) Software Engineering
10 48 (11.97%) Test Automation
11 46 (11.47%) Multithreading
12 44 (10.97%) Digital Transformation Programme
12 44 (10.97%) Web Development
13 41 (10.22%) Functional Programming
14 39 (9.73%) OO
15 38 (9.48%) SDLC
16 37 (9.23%) Unit Testing
17 34 (8.48%) Change Management
18 32 (7.98%) MVC
19 31 (7.73%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 397 (99.00%) Java
2 91 (22.69%) SQL
3 87 (21.70%) JavaScript
4 46 (11.47%) Kotlin
5 39 (9.73%) Python
6 36 (8.98%) Scala
7 24 (5.99%) PL/SQL
8 17 (4.24%) ES6
9 11 (2.74%) TypeScript
10 9 (2.24%) Shell Script
11 6 (1.50%) Go
12 5 (1.25%) C#
12 5 (1.25%) Groovy
12 5 (1.25%) Haskell
13 4 (1.00%) C++
13 4 (1.00%) XPath
14 3 (0.75%) PowerShell
15 2 (0.50%) Apple Swift
15 2 (0.50%) R
16 1 (0.25%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 41 (10.22%) Security Cleared
2 40 (9.98%) SC Cleared
3 32 (7.98%) Degree
4 23 (5.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (3.24%) Master's Degree
6 3 (0.75%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.25%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (3.49%) QA
2 7 (1.75%) MiFID
3 2 (0.50%) PMO
4 1 (0.25%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.25%) GDPR
System Software
1 132 (32.92%) Docker
2 8 (2.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.50%) KVM
Systems Management
1 139 (34.66%) Kubernetes
2 28 (6.98%) Prometheus
3 9 (2.24%) Terraform
4 8 (2.00%) Zipkin
5 5 (1.25%) Rundeck
6 3 (0.75%) Ansible
7 2 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.25%) Kibana
8 1 (0.25%) Knative
8 1 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.25%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 53 (13.22%) Oracle
2 34 (8.48%) Splunk
3 30 (7.48%) AppDynamics
4 27 (6.73%) MuleSoft
5 14 (3.49%) IBM
5 14 (3.49%) Microsoft
6 13 (3.24%) Google
7 5 (1.25%) Confluent
8 4 (1.00%) Dynatrace
8 4 (1.00%) Talend
8 4 (1.00%) TIBCO
8 4 (1.00%) webMethods
9 3 (0.75%) Adobe
9 3 (0.75%) New Relic
9 3 (0.75%) Red Hat
10 2 (0.50%) Atlassian
10 2 (0.50%) Bloomberg
10 2 (0.50%) JDA
10 2 (0.50%) Solace
10 2 (0.50%) Sybase