Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 2,872 4,881 7,968
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 18.10% 14.00% 17.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.44% 29.77% 34.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,286 3,621 6,026
Median daily rate £563 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.55% +1.85%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £413
90th Percentile £763 £725 £700
England median daily rate £525 £538 £525
% change year-on-year -2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 15 22
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -23.50% +52.50%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% -11.11% +12.50%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 7,882 16,393 23,127
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.68% 47.01% 50.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,441 12,303 17,667
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £348 £363 £363
90th Percentile £725 £694 £675
England median daily rate £488 £488 £475
% change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 84 118 111
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.25 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.65% +25.69% +2.86%
10th Percentile £25.00 £18.38 £18.00
90th Percentile £58.53 £69.15 £58.75
Median hourly rate £36.00 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -17.24% +3.57% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 385 £575 - 311
South London 0 117 £485 -7.62% 18
West London +5 44 £519 -1.19% 92
East London -1 16 £338 -38.64% 44
North London +5 3 - - 4
Java
England

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,365 (47.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,014 (35.31%) Finance
3 901 (31.37%) AWS
4 876 (30.50%) Python
5 797 (27.75%) Banking
6 711 (24.76%) Microservices
7 685 (23.85%) Front Office
7 685 (23.85%) JavaScript
8 672 (23.40%) Spring
9 656 (22.84%) Web Services
10 633 (22.04%) SQL
11 587 (20.44%) DevOps
12 575 (20.02%) Kubernetes
13 568 (19.78%) Software Engineering
14 540 (18.80%) Docker
15 522 (18.18%) Fixed Income
16 504 (17.55%) Azure
17 500 (17.41%) TDD
18 498 (17.34%) Jenkins
19 461 (16.05%) AngularJS
20 447 (15.56%) React
21 432 (15.04%) Git (software)
22 413 (14.38%) Linux
23 397 (13.82%) Investment Banking
24 390 (13.58%) Derivative
25 389 (13.54%) Asset Management
26 383 (13.34%) Spring Boot
27 378 (13.16%) GCP
28 377 (13.13%) Test Automation
29 351 (12.22%) REST

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 172 (5.99%) Apache
2 140 (4.87%) Apache Spark
3 108 (3.76%) Mule
4 96 (3.34%) Confluence
4 96 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
5 95 (3.31%) Red Hat Fuse
6 71 (2.47%) JBoss
7 62 (2.16%) Cloud Foundry
8 61 (2.12%) Tomcat
9 52 (1.81%) WebSphere
10 38 (1.32%) WebLogic
11 33 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 21 (0.73%) nginx
13 20 (0.70%) Apache Solr
13 20 (0.70%) Appian
13 20 (0.70%) CMS
14 15 (0.52%) MQSeries
15 14 (0.49%) BizTalk Server
15 14 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
16 11 (0.38%) IIS
Applications
1 15 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
3 8 (0.28%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.14%) Sketch
6 2 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.070%) Adobe Premiere
6 2 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.070%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.070%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.035%) Blender
7 1 (0.035%) InVision
7 1 (0.035%) Maya
Business Applications
1 25 (0.87%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
2 8 (0.28%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.14%) ContrOCC
4 4 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.14%) RMDS
4 4 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.10%) Magento
5 3 (0.10%) Shopify
6 2 (0.070%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.070%) Oracle 11i
6 2 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.070%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.070%) SunGard Martini
6 2 (0.070%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.035%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.035%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 1 (0.035%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 901 (31.37%) AWS
2 504 (17.55%) Azure
3 378 (13.16%) GCP
4 226 (7.87%) Serverless
5 189 (6.58%) AWS Lambda
6 137 (4.77%) Amazon S3
7 134 (4.67%) Amazon EC2
8 119 (4.14%) Amazon ECS
9 107 (3.73%) Apigee
10 100 (3.48%) OpenShift
11 98 (3.41%) GitHub
12 62 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
13 57 (1.98%) PaaS
14 46 (1.60%) Amazon SQS
15 44 (1.53%) SaaS
16 31 (1.08%) npm
17 30 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
17 30 (1.04%) IaaS
18 23 (0.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 20 (0.70%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 74 (2.58%) HTTP
2 27 (0.94%) Firewall
3 22 (0.77%) Internet
4 20 (0.70%) TCP/IP
5 19 (0.66%) SSL
6 18 (0.63%) DNS
7 14 (0.49%) HTTPS
8 12 (0.42%) VPN
9 11 (0.38%) Wireless
10 10 (0.35%) FIX Connectivity
11 9 (0.31%) Network Security
12 8 (0.28%) SSH
13 7 (0.24%) CTI
13 7 (0.24%) Intranet
13 7 (0.24%) Softphone
13 7 (0.24%) WAN
14 6 (0.21%) DMZ
15 5 (0.17%) BGP
15 5 (0.17%) FTP
15 5 (0.17%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 236 (8.22%) SQL Server
2 220 (7.66%) MySQL
3 199 (6.93%) NoSQL
4 187 (6.51%) MongoDB
5 177 (6.16%) Relational Database
6 170 (5.92%) PostgreSQL
7 127 (4.42%) Big Data
8 100 (3.48%) Amazon Redshift
9 89 (3.10%) Hadoop
10 80 (2.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 72 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
12 62 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
13 50 (1.74%) Apache Ignite
14 49 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
15 45 (1.57%) RDBMS
16 40 (1.39%) BigQuery
17 37 (1.29%) Hazelcast
18 33 (1.15%) Redis
19 32 (1.11%) Apache Hive
20 31 (1.08%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 498 (17.34%) Jenkins
2 432 (15.04%) Git (software)
3 251 (8.74%) Maven
4 194 (6.75%) JIRA
5 161 (5.61%) Cucumber
6 136 (4.74%) Selenium
7 124 (4.32%) JUnit
8 118 (4.11%) Artifactory
9 113 (3.93%) GitLab
10 97 (3.38%) Gradle
11 64 (2.23%) Subversion
12 61 (2.12%) gulp
13 54 (1.88%) Mockito
14 52 (1.81%) JMeter
14 52 (1.81%) RStudio
15 47 (1.64%) SonarQube
16 46 (1.60%) Jasmine
17 42 (1.46%) TeamCity
18 41 (1.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 41 (1.43%) Grunt
General
1 1,014 (35.31%) Finance
2 797 (27.75%) Banking
3 685 (23.85%) Front Office
4 397 (13.82%) Investment Banking
5 142 (4.94%) Public Sector
6 53 (1.85%) Telecoms
7 52 (1.81%) Marketing
8 42 (1.46%) Back Office
9 40 (1.39%) Financial Institution
10 35 (1.22%) Manufacturing
11 34 (1.18%) Retail
12 31 (1.08%) Electronics
13 22 (0.77%) Advertising
13 22 (0.77%) Games
14 21 (0.73%) Retail Banking
15 11 (0.38%) French Language
16 9 (0.31%) Law
16 9 (0.31%) Publishing
17 7 (0.24%) Legal
17 7 (0.24%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,800 (62.67%) Developer
2 1,055 (36.73%) Java Developer
3 277 (9.64%) Senior Developer
4 275 (9.58%) Software Engineer
5 248 (8.64%) Java Engineer
6 218 (7.59%) Architect
7 216 (7.52%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 196 (6.82%) Senior Java Developer
9 169 (5.88%) AWS Developer
10 163 (5.68%) Python Developer
11 151 (5.26%) JavaScript Developer
12 150 (5.22%) AWS Engineer
13 137 (4.77%) Full Stack Developer
14 122 (4.25%) DevOps Engineer
15 111 (3.86%) Electronic Trading Developer
16 110 (3.83%) Front Office Developer
17 109 (3.80%) Python Engineer
18 106 (3.69%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
19 105 (3.66%) Solutions Architect
20 98 (3.41%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 672 (23.40%) Spring
2 656 (22.84%) Web Services
3 461 (16.05%) AngularJS
4 447 (15.56%) React
5 383 (13.34%) Spring Boot
6 351 (12.22%) REST
7 298 (10.38%) Node.js
8 283 (9.85%) Kafka
9 238 (8.29%) HTML
10 224 (7.80%) Middleware
11 194 (6.75%) RESTful
12 190 (6.62%) CSS
13 177 (6.16%) Vue.js
14 166 (5.78%) Apache Camel
15 162 (5.64%) XML
16 153 (5.33%) .NET
17 141 (4.91%) JSON
18 132 (4.60%) HTML5
19 129 (4.49%) J2EE
20 118 (4.11%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 522 (18.18%) Fixed Income
2 390 (13.58%) Derivative
3 350 (12.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 331 (11.53%) Equities
5 269 (9.37%) Hedge funds
6 159 (5.54%) Greenfield Project
7 130 (4.53%) Analytical Skills
8 124 (4.32%) User Experience
9 92 (3.20%) Mobile App
10 72 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
11 60 (2.09%) Data Structures
12 57 (1.98%) Algorithms
13 46 (1.60%) Credit Derivative
14 42 (1.46%) Public Cloud
14 42 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
15 41 (1.43%) Blog
16 28 (0.97%) Virtual Team
17 25 (0.87%) Cloud Native
18 24 (0.84%) Equity Derivative
19 22 (0.77%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 413 (14.38%) Linux
2 206 (7.17%) Unix
3 92 (3.20%) Windows
4 84 (2.92%) Android
5 42 (1.46%) Apple iOS
6 31 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 27 (0.94%) Mac OS X
8 16 (0.56%) CentOS
9 14 (0.49%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.31%) Debian
11 6 (0.21%) AIX
12 4 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
12 4 (0.14%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.14%) zOS
13 3 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
14 2 (0.070%) Android TV
14 2 (0.070%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.070%) Solaris
14 2 (0.070%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.070%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,365 (47.53%) Agile Software Development
2 711 (24.76%) Microservices
3 587 (20.44%) DevOps
4 568 (19.78%) Software Engineering
5 500 (17.41%) TDD
6 389 (13.54%) Asset Management
7 377 (13.13%) Test Automation
8 323 (11.25%) Scrum
9 311 (10.83%) Investment Management
10 307 (10.69%) BDD
11 282 (9.82%) Multithreading
12 245 (8.53%) Continuous Integration
13 201 (7.00%) Electronic Trading
14 197 (6.86%) OO
14 197 (6.86%) Open Source
15 188 (6.55%) Low Latency
16 179 (6.23%) SDLC
17 173 (6.02%) Analytics
18 155 (5.40%) Problem-Solving
19 152 (5.29%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 876 (30.50%) Python
2 685 (23.85%) JavaScript
3 633 (22.04%) SQL
4 329 (11.46%) Java 8
5 327 (11.39%) Kotlin
6 237 (8.25%) Scala
7 222 (7.73%) C#
8 191 (6.65%) C++
9 149 (5.19%) TypeScript
10 104 (3.62%) R
11 73 (2.54%) Bash Shell
12 71 (2.47%) Shell Script
13 66 (2.30%) Perl
14 64 (2.23%) Go
15 60 (2.09%) C
16 58 (2.02%) Ruby
17 54 (1.88%) PL/SQL
18 41 (1.43%) PHP
19 36 (1.25%) T-SQL
20 33 (1.15%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 274 (9.54%) Security Cleared
2 219 (7.63%) SC Cleared
3 147 (5.12%) Degree
4 71 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 42 (1.46%) DV Cleared
6 25 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (0.80%) Master's Degree
8 21 (0.73%) Sun Certification
9 16 (0.56%) PhD
9 16 (0.56%) TOGAF Certification
10 15 (0.52%) AWS Certification
11 12 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
12 10 (0.35%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.28%) DBS Check
13 8 (0.28%) ISEB
14 4 (0.14%) CISSP
15 3 (0.10%) CCNA
15 3 (0.10%) CCNP
15 3 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
16 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (5.92%) QA
2 21 (0.73%) WCAG
3 13 (0.45%) MiFID
4 11 (0.38%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.35%) GDPR
6 8 (0.28%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.24%) PSD2
8 6 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.21%) SLA
9 4 (0.14%) ISO 9001
9 4 (0.14%) PMO
10 3 (0.10%) GxP
10 3 (0.10%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.10%) SEPA
11 2 (0.070%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.070%) NCSC
11 2 (0.070%) TARGET2
12 1 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 540 (18.80%) Docker
2 34 (1.18%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.73%) HDFS
4 19 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.17%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 5 (0.17%) NFS
8 3 (0.10%) Ceph
9 2 (0.070%) etcd
9 2 (0.070%) Gluster
9 2 (0.070%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.070%) Postfix
9 2 (0.070%) Varnish
9 2 (0.070%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.070%) Xen
9 2 (0.070%) zsh
10 1 (0.035%) PowerDNS
10 1 (0.035%) vCloud
10 1 (0.035%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 575 (20.02%) Kubernetes
2 228 (7.94%) Terraform
3 127 (4.42%) Ansible
4 60 (2.09%) Prometheus
5 52 (1.81%) Puppet
6 42 (1.46%) Kibana
7 34 (1.18%) Grafana
8 30 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
9 25 (0.87%) logstash
10 23 (0.80%) Salt
11 19 (0.66%) Nagios
12 13 (0.45%) Argo
13 11 (0.38%) Packer
14 8 (0.28%) Netcool
15 7 (0.24%) Consul
16 6 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
17 5 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
17 5 (0.17%) Rundeck
17 5 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
17 5 (0.17%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 307 (10.69%) Oracle
2 232 (8.08%) Google
3 110 (3.83%) Splunk
4 109 (3.80%) MuleSoft
5 68 (2.37%) Sybase
6 65 (2.26%) SAP
7 60 (2.09%) Microsoft
8 58 (2.02%) AppDynamics
9 51 (1.78%) Bloomberg
10 50 (1.74%) Red Hat
11 49 (1.71%) Atlassian
12 46 (1.60%) ION Trading
13 36 (1.25%) IBM
14 34 (1.18%) TIBCO
15 27 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
16 26 (0.91%) Talend
17 25 (0.87%) Cloudera
17 25 (0.87%) webMethods
18 23 (0.80%) Databricks
19 19 (0.66%) Murex