Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
19 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 11 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -5 -1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 4,841 3,523 3,237
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 12.52% 14.67% 16.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.61% 30.81% 33.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,670 2,666 2,485
10th Percentile £463 £413 £413
25th Percentile £525 £475 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £638 £575 £563
Median % change year-on-year +10.87% +2.22% +0.45%
75th Percentile £750 £688 £650
90th Percentile £838 £738 £739
England median daily rate £600 £539 £543
% change year-on-year +11.37% -0.69% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 13 16
10th Percentile £26.93 £49.54 £35.59
25th Percentile £35.31 - £45.35
Median hourly rate £59.25 £64.00 £59.75
Median % change year-on-year -7.42% +7.11% +19.50%
75th Percentile £75.39 £68.00 £64.97
90th Percentile £77.53 £68.29 £67.52
England median hourly rate £63.56 £56.50 £46.00
% change year-on-year +12.49% +22.83% -4.96%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,351 11,435 9,739
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 42.29% 47.63% 48.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,555 8,552 7,291
10th Percentile £413 £368 £369
25th Percentile £500 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £704 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 69 76
10th Percentile £31.03 £20.40 £18.48
25th Percentile £35.00 £30.68 £26.69
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £47.67
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.59% +32.40%
75th Percentile £67.50 £63.75 £56.75
90th Percentile £77.45 £68.00 £64.31
England median hourly rate £50.10 £41.31 £43.00
% change year-on-year +21.28% -3.93% -2.27%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 19 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -5 567 £650 +8.33% 324
South London +3 63 £563 +25.00% 24
West London -8 40 £575 +6.24% 60
East London -13 16 £580 +11.97% 66
North London -4 2 £800 +128.57% 8
Java
England

For the 6 months to 19 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,036 (42.06%) Agile
2 1,343 (27.74%) Microservices
3 1,333 (27.54%) Finance
4 1,249 (25.80%) Python
5 1,226 (25.33%) AWS
6 1,215 (25.10%) Spring
7 1,189 (24.56%) CI/CD
8 1,164 (24.04%) DevOps
9 1,004 (20.74%) SQL
10 979 (20.22%) Kubernetes
11 974 (20.12%) Banking
12 939 (19.40%) Azure
13 927 (19.15%) Docker
14 904 (18.67%) JavaScript
15 901 (18.61%) Software Engineering
16 870 (17.97%) TDD
17 858 (17.72%) Jenkins
18 842 (17.39%) Spring Boot
19 816 (16.86%) Social Skills
20 787 (16.26%) Kafka
21 694 (14.34%) Git (software)
22 681 (14.07%) Test Automation
23 678 (14.01%) Linux
24 668 (13.80%) Front Office
25 638 (13.18%) Oracle
26 627 (12.95%) REST
27 579 (11.96%) React
28 552 (11.40%) Scrum
29 549 (11.34%) Maven
30 547 (11.30%) C#

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 261 (5.39%) Apache Spark
2 228 (4.71%) Confluence
3 189 (3.90%) Apache
4 122 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
5 85 (1.76%) JBoss
6 81 (1.67%) Tomcat
7 76 (1.57%) WebSphere
8 72 (1.49%) Red Hat Fuse
9 60 (1.24%) Mule
10 51 (1.05%) WebLogic
11 48 (0.99%) Apache Airflow
12 41 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
13 40 (0.83%) Oracle Coherence
14 39 (0.81%) nginx
15 37 (0.76%) Oracle Workflow
16 32 (0.66%) SharePoint
17 31 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
18 30 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 29 (0.60%) OpenStack
20 27 (0.56%) IIS
Applications
1 31 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.19%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.062%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.041%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.041%) Sketch
8 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.021%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 1 (0.021%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.021%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.021%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.37%) BusinessWorks
3 12 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
3 12 (0.25%) Oracle 11i
4 11 (0.23%) Misys Midas
4 11 (0.23%) Shopify
5 10 (0.21%) RMDS
6 9 (0.19%) Magento
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.17%) TIBCO iProcess
8 7 (0.14%) ION MarketView
8 7 (0.14%) thinkFolio
9 6 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.12%) Oracle Utilities
9 6 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 6 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.083%) Sonata
10 4 (0.083%) Teamcenter
11 3 (0.062%) Oracle EBS R12
11 3 (0.062%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,226 (25.33%) AWS
2 939 (19.40%) Azure
3 515 (10.64%) GCP
4 264 (5.45%) Serverless
5 255 (5.27%) GitHub
6 175 (3.61%) AWS Lambda
7 156 (3.22%) OpenShift
8 132 (2.73%) Amazon EC2
9 131 (2.71%) AWS CloudFormation
10 124 (2.56%) Amazon S3
11 107 (2.21%) PaaS
12 89 (1.84%) IaaS
13 81 (1.67%) SaaS
14 73 (1.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 72 (1.49%) Azure Data Factory
16 64 (1.32%) Amazon EKS
17 63 (1.30%) Power Platform
18 60 (1.24%) Amazon SQS
19 43 (0.89%) npm
20 41 (0.85%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 72 (1.49%) HTTP
2 57 (1.18%) Internet
3 56 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 44 (0.91%) Firewall
5 35 (0.72%) DNS
5 35 (0.72%) SSL
6 30 (0.62%) FIX Connectivity
6 30 (0.62%) MQTT
7 21 (0.43%) DSL
7 21 (0.43%) FTP
8 19 (0.39%) Kerberos
9 18 (0.37%) HTTPS
9 18 (0.37%) Network Security
10 17 (0.35%) VPN
11 13 (0.27%) Multicast
12 10 (0.21%) SMTP
13 9 (0.19%) SAN
14 8 (0.17%) IPv4
14 8 (0.17%) tcpdump
15 7 (0.14%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (7.25%) SQL Server
2 315 (6.51%) NoSQL
3 313 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
4 294 (6.07%) Relational Database
5 272 (5.62%) MongoDB
6 249 (5.14%) Big Data
7 167 (3.45%) MySQL
8 127 (2.62%) Hadoop
9 116 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
10 109 (2.25%) Oracle Database
11 92 (1.90%) Redis
12 89 (1.84%) Data Lake
13 82 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
14 73 (1.51%) Apache Cassandra
15 66 (1.36%) RDBMS
16 62 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 60 (1.24%) BigQuery
18 57 (1.18%) Delta Lake
19 53 (1.09%) Amazon Redshift
19 53 (1.09%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 858 (17.72%) Jenkins
2 694 (14.34%) Git (software)
3 549 (11.34%) Maven
4 394 (8.14%) JIRA
5 288 (5.95%) Gradle
6 284 (5.87%) GitLab
7 261 (5.39%) JUnit
8 248 (5.12%) Cucumber
9 202 (4.17%) Selenium
10 186 (3.84%) TeamCity
11 119 (2.46%) Bitbucket
12 114 (2.35%) Mockito
13 88 (1.82%) Sonatype Nexus
14 86 (1.78%) Subversion
15 78 (1.61%) SonarQube
16 65 (1.34%) Artifactory
16 65 (1.34%) IntelliJ
17 57 (1.18%) JMeter
17 57 (1.18%) REST Assured
17 57 (1.18%) webpack
General
1 1,333 (27.54%) Finance
2 974 (20.12%) Banking
3 816 (16.86%) Social Skills
4 668 (13.80%) Front Office
5 477 (9.85%) Investment Banking
6 355 (7.33%) Analytical Skills
7 208 (4.30%) Public Sector
8 109 (2.25%) Retail
9 94 (1.94%) Financial Institution
10 74 (1.53%) Marketing
11 57 (1.18%) Legal
12 49 (1.01%) Presentation Skills
13 39 (0.81%) Telecoms
14 31 (0.64%) Law
15 29 (0.60%) Publishing
16 27 (0.56%) Manufacturing
17 24 (0.50%) Electronics
17 24 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
18 22 (0.45%) Documentation Skills
19 21 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,729 (56.37%) Developer
2 1,915 (39.56%) Java Developer
3 564 (11.65%) Senior Developer
4 431 (8.90%) Senior Java Developer
5 423 (8.74%) Java Engineer
6 345 (7.13%) Architect
7 334 (6.90%) Software Engineer
8 256 (5.29%) DevOps Engineer
9 229 (4.73%) Data Engineer
10 205 (4.23%) Full Stack Developer
11 197 (4.07%) AWS Engineer
12 196 (4.05%) Java Software Engineer
13 183 (3.78%) Electronic Trading Developer
14 168 (3.47%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
15 148 (3.06%) Senior Java Engineer
16 144 (2.97%) Java Software Developer
17 139 (2.87%) AWS Developer
18 135 (2.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 132 (2.73%) Python Developer
20 117 (2.42%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,215 (25.10%) Spring
2 842 (17.39%) Spring Boot
3 787 (16.26%) Kafka
4 627 (12.95%) REST
5 579 (11.96%) React
6 381 (7.87%) HTML
7 342 (7.06%) Web Services
8 339 (7.00%) AngularJS
8 339 (7.00%) RESTful
9 334 (6.90%) Node.js
10 296 (6.11%) .NET
11 290 (5.99%) CSS
12 275 (5.68%) Hibernate
13 230 (4.75%) J2EE
14 226 (4.67%) XML
15 208 (4.30%) JSON
16 186 (3.84%) Middleware
17 185 (3.82%) HTML5
18 168 (3.47%) SOAP
19 139 (2.87%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 356 (7.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 260 (5.37%) Fixed Income
3 239 (4.94%) Derivative
4 207 (4.28%) Algorithms
5 189 (3.90%) Cloud Native
6 169 (3.49%) Equities
7 166 (3.43%) Greenfield Project
8 164 (3.39%) Data Structures
9 156 (3.22%) Hedge funds
10 144 (2.97%) User Experience
11 127 (2.62%) Public Cloud
12 89 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
13 85 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
14 71 (1.47%) Virtual Team
15 66 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
16 65 (1.34%) Mobile App
17 55 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
18 53 (1.09%) Management Information System
19 45 (0.93%) Legacy Systems
20 41 (0.85%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 678 (14.01%) Linux
2 357 (7.37%) Unix
3 243 (5.02%) Windows
4 123 (2.54%) Android
5 47 (0.97%) Apple iOS
6 44 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.45%) Windows Server
8 21 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 20 (0.41%) Mac OS X
10 18 (0.37%) CentOS
10 18 (0.37%) VMS
11 17 (0.35%) AIX
12 15 (0.31%) Solaris
13 8 (0.17%) Mesosphere
13 8 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
13 8 (0.17%) zOS
14 7 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
15 6 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
15 6 (0.12%) SUSE
16 5 (0.10%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,036 (42.06%) Agile
2 1,343 (27.74%) Microservices
3 1,189 (24.56%) CI/CD
4 1,164 (24.04%) DevOps
5 901 (18.61%) Software Engineering
6 870 (17.97%) TDD
7 681 (14.07%) Test Automation
8 552 (11.40%) Scrum
9 464 (9.58%) Full Stack Development
10 452 (9.34%) BDD
11 435 (8.99%) Multithreading
12 417 (8.61%) Problem-Solving
13 414 (8.55%) Continuous Integration
14 397 (8.20%) Analytics
15 383 (7.91%) Electronic Trading
16 375 (7.75%) Low Latency
17 350 (7.23%) OO
18 301 (6.22%) Computer Science
19 284 (5.87%) SDLC
20 258 (5.33%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 1,249 (25.80%) Python
2 1,004 (20.74%) SQL
3 904 (18.67%) JavaScript
4 547 (11.30%) C#
5 366 (7.56%) C++
6 325 (6.71%) Scala
7 318 (6.57%) TypeScript
8 238 (4.92%) Kotlin
9 191 (3.95%) Bash
10 185 (3.82%) Go
11 165 (3.41%) Shell Script
12 139 (2.87%) PowerShell
13 124 (2.56%) C
14 110 (2.27%) Ruby
15 108 (2.23%) Perl
15 108 (2.23%) PL/SQL
16 104 (2.15%) Groovy
17 73 (1.51%) PHP
18 39 (0.81%) ES6
19 32 (0.66%) R
Qualifications
1 363 (7.50%) Security Cleared
2 313 (6.47%) SC Cleared
3 274 (5.66%) Degree
4 157 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 43 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
6 40 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
7 37 (0.76%) DV Cleared
8 17 (0.35%) AWS Certification
8 17 (0.35%) Master's Degree
8 17 (0.35%) PhD
9 15 (0.31%) CISSP
10 10 (0.21%) FFIEC
11 9 (0.19%) ISTQB
12 8 (0.17%) PMP
12 8 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
13 7 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 7 (0.14%) PMI Certification
14 6 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.10%) MBA
15 5 (0.10%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 296 (6.11%) QA
2 49 (1.01%) Accessibility
3 40 (0.83%) Data Quality
4 37 (0.76%) GDPR
5 30 (0.62%) PMO
6 14 (0.29%) SLA
7 12 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.23%) NIST
9 10 (0.21%) GLBA
9 10 (0.21%) ISO 20022
10 9 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 8 (0.17%) SEPA
12 5 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.10%) WCAG
13 4 (0.083%) Dublin Core
14 3 (0.062%) Actionable Recommendations
14 3 (0.062%) MiFID
14 3 (0.062%) NCSC
14 3 (0.062%) OASIS TOSCA
15 2 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 927 (19.15%) Docker
2 31 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
4 20 (0.41%) HDFS
5 13 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.12%) vSphere
9 5 (0.10%) NFS
9 5 (0.10%) Samba
9 5 (0.10%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.083%) Apache Flume
10 4 (0.083%) Ceph
10 4 (0.083%) OpenDJ
11 3 (0.062%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 3 (0.062%) OpenAM
11 3 (0.062%) Postfix
11 3 (0.062%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.041%) OpenIDM
12 2 (0.041%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 979 (20.22%) Kubernetes
2 516 (10.66%) Terraform
3 286 (5.91%) Ansible
4 104 (2.15%) Grafana
5 103 (2.13%) Prometheus
6 81 (1.67%) Puppet
7 67 (1.38%) ITRS Geneos
8 62 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
9 56 (1.16%) Kibana
10 45 (0.93%) Istio
11 38 (0.78%) Packer
12 26 (0.54%) logstash
13 25 (0.52%) BladeLogic
14 21 (0.43%) Consul
15 19 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
16 16 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
17 13 (0.27%) Rancher
18 12 (0.25%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
19 9 (0.19%) Data Guard
19 9 (0.19%) Mesos
Vendors
1 638 (13.18%) Oracle
2 282 (5.83%) Microsoft
3 194 (4.01%) Google
4 155 (3.20%) Databricks
5 117 (2.42%) IBM
6 116 (2.40%) Splunk
7 98 (2.02%) ION Trading
8 86 (1.78%) Red Hat
9 76 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
10 69 (1.43%) SAP
11 56 (1.16%) Atlassian
12 50 (1.03%) Sybase
13 46 (0.95%) MuleSoft
14 45 (0.93%) TIBCO
15 44 (0.91%) AppDynamics
16 36 (0.74%) Adobe
17 34 (0.70%) Informatica
18 33 (0.68%) Dynatrace
19 31 (0.64%) Confluent
20 30 (0.62%) VMware