Period
to 16 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
16 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 4,086 7,305 8,101
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.43% 16.70% 17.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.57% 33.73% 36.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,971 5,376 6,238
London median daily rate £575 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £413 £419 £400
90th Percentile £725 £713 £700
England median daily rate £538 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 18 28
London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £27.33
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +31.72% -37.17%
10th Percentile £14.38 £30.37 £21.25
90th Percentile £53.28 £53.75 £75.25
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.20
% change year-on-year -22.22% +9.22% +3.65%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,368 21,657 22,361
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.22% 49.51% 47.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,844 16,406 17,163
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £488 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +0.52% +2.11% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 113 114 174
London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.67 £33.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.08% +10.22% -20.79%
10th Percentile £19.20 £18.77 £17.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £53.75 £55.40
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 16 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 829 £575 - 503
South London -1 211 £525 - 52
West London -11 85 £525 -4.55% 195
East London -3 73 £550 -4.35% 80
North London +7 8 £488 +2.63% 14
Java
England

For the 6 months to 16 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,070 (50.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,183 (28.95%) Python
3 1,116 (27.31%) Microservices
4 1,100 (26.92%) Finance
5 1,078 (26.38%) AWS
6 961 (23.52%) Spring
7 871 (21.32%) SQL
8 858 (21.00%) DevOps
9 845 (20.68%) JavaScript
10 790 (19.33%) TDD
11 776 (18.99%) Docker
12 711 (17.40%) Banking
13 696 (17.03%) Web Services
14 669 (16.37%) Jenkins
15 648 (15.86%) Software Engineering
16 594 (14.54%) Kubernetes
17 582 (14.24%) Front Office
18 564 (13.80%) Java 8
19 561 (13.73%) Git (software)
20 540 (13.22%) Linux
21 538 (13.17%) AngularJS
22 535 (13.09%) Test Automation
23 529 (12.95%) Spring Boot
24 520 (12.73%) Scrum
25 508 (12.43%) Oracle
26 506 (12.38%) Azure
27 476 (11.65%) REST
28 448 (10.96%) React
29 438 (10.72%) Continuous Integration
30 434 (10.62%) Security Cleared

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 210 (5.14%) Apache Spark
2 189 (4.63%) Confluence
3 136 (3.33%) Elasticsearch
4 133 (3.26%) WebLogic
5 126 (3.08%) Apache
6 92 (2.25%) Tomcat
7 82 (2.01%) JBoss
8 56 (1.37%) WebSphere
9 49 (1.20%) Red Hat Fuse
10 44 (1.08%) MQSeries
11 41 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
12 36 (0.88%) CMS
13 29 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 23 (0.56%) Camunda
15 20 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 20 (0.49%) SharePoint
16 18 (0.44%) nginx
17 16 (0.39%) IIS
17 16 (0.39%) Oracle Coherence
18 15 (0.37%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 20 (0.49%) Photoshop
2 16 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.24%) Sketch
5 6 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.098%) InDesign
8 2 (0.049%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.049%) InVision
8 2 (0.049%) Zeplin
9 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.024%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.024%) Weka
9 1 (0.024%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 52 (1.27%) FINCAD Analytics
2 48 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.32%) ION MarketView
3 13 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 12 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
5 11 (0.27%) Magento
6 10 (0.24%) Shopify
7 8 (0.20%) Oracle AML
7 8 (0.20%) thinkFolio
8 7 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
9 6 (0.15%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
10 5 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
10 5 (0.12%) Markit EDM
10 5 (0.12%) PolarLake
10 5 (0.12%) Temenos T24
10 5 (0.12%) Visualfiles
11 4 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
12 3 (0.073%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 1,078 (26.38%) AWS
2 506 (12.38%) Azure
3 371 (9.08%) GCP
4 201 (4.92%) Serverless
5 188 (4.60%) OpenShift
6 181 (4.43%) AWS Lambda
7 169 (4.14%) Amazon S3
8 157 (3.84%) GitHub
9 129 (3.16%) Amazon EC2
10 128 (3.13%) Amazon SQS
11 106 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 95 (2.33%) Amazon ECS
13 74 (1.81%) PaaS
14 56 (1.37%) SaaS
15 52 (1.27%) AWS Step Functions
16 51 (1.25%) Power Platform
17 39 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
18 31 (0.76%) IaaS
19 30 (0.73%) Amazon Kinesis
20 25 (0.61%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 119 (2.91%) HTTP
2 64 (1.57%) TCP/IP
3 51 (1.25%) Firewall
4 48 (1.17%) SSL
5 34 (0.83%) Internet
6 26 (0.64%) Kerberos
7 25 (0.61%) DNS
8 23 (0.56%) Multicast
9 16 (0.39%) FTP
9 16 (0.39%) VPN
10 11 (0.27%) Network Security
11 10 (0.24%) DHCP
12 9 (0.22%) WAN
13 8 (0.20%) HTTPS
14 7 (0.17%) DMZ
14 7 (0.17%) LAN
15 6 (0.15%) Extranet
15 6 (0.15%) Intranet
15 6 (0.15%) SNMP
15 6 (0.15%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 305 (7.46%) NoSQL
2 266 (6.51%) Big Data
2 266 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
3 251 (6.14%) Relational Database
4 247 (6.05%) MongoDB
5 212 (5.19%) SQL Server
6 204 (4.99%) Hadoop
7 187 (4.58%) MySQL
8 161 (3.94%) Amazon RDS
9 122 (2.99%) RDBMS
10 117 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
11 115 (2.81%) Amazon Redshift
12 106 (2.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 95 (2.33%) Amazon Athena
14 79 (1.93%) Amazon Aurora
14 79 (1.93%) Oracle Database
15 77 (1.88%) Redis
16 76 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
17 75 (1.84%) HBase
18 69 (1.69%) DB2
Development Applications
1 669 (16.37%) Jenkins
2 561 (13.73%) Git (software)
3 410 (10.03%) JIRA
4 375 (9.18%) Maven
5 300 (7.34%) JUnit
6 203 (4.97%) Selenium
7 198 (4.85%) Cucumber
8 172 (4.21%) Gradle
9 170 (4.16%) Mockito
10 106 (2.59%) Artifactory
10 106 (2.59%) TeamCity
11 93 (2.28%) Subversion
12 92 (2.25%) Bitbucket
13 79 (1.93%) WebDriver
14 70 (1.71%) RStudio
14 70 (1.71%) SonarQube
15 68 (1.66%) GitLab
16 64 (1.57%) Ant
17 49 (1.20%) Postman
18 47 (1.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,100 (26.92%) Finance
2 711 (17.40%) Banking
3 582 (14.24%) Front Office
4 252 (6.17%) Investment Banking
5 160 (3.92%) Public Sector
6 66 (1.62%) Marketing
7 60 (1.47%) Retail
8 48 (1.17%) Games
9 37 (0.91%) Back Office
9 37 (0.91%) Financial Institution
10 31 (0.76%) Telecoms
11 28 (0.69%) Advertising
12 27 (0.66%) Retail Banking
13 26 (0.64%) Law
14 25 (0.61%) Manufacturing
15 17 (0.42%) Legal
16 15 (0.37%) Electronics
17 12 (0.29%) Publishing
18 10 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
19 5 (0.12%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,477 (60.62%) Developer
2 1,514 (37.05%) Java Developer
3 401 (9.81%) Senior Developer
4 324 (7.93%) Architect
5 299 (7.32%) Java Engineer
6 265 (6.49%) Full Stack Developer
7 254 (6.22%) AWS Developer
8 241 (5.90%) Senior Java Developer
9 226 (5.53%) DevOps Engineer
10 217 (5.31%) Software Engineer
11 183 (4.48%) AWS Engineer
12 146 (3.57%) React Developer
13 136 (3.33%) Python Developer
14 132 (3.23%) Data Engineer
15 106 (2.59%) Python Engineer
16 104 (2.55%) Angular Developer
16 104 (2.55%) Front Office Developer
17 99 (2.42%) Backend Developer
17 99 (2.42%) Java Software Developer
18 97 (2.37%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 961 (23.52%) Spring
2 696 (17.03%) Web Services
3 538 (13.17%) AngularJS
4 529 (12.95%) Spring Boot
5 476 (11.65%) REST
6 448 (10.96%) React
7 434 (10.62%) Kafka
8 421 (10.30%) Node.js
9 415 (10.16%) HTML
10 375 (9.18%) RESTful
11 321 (7.86%) CSS
12 320 (7.83%) J2EE
13 283 (6.93%) .NET
14 244 (5.97%) JSON
14 244 (5.97%) XML
15 219 (5.36%) Hibernate
16 202 (4.94%) SOAP
17 167 (4.09%) HTML5
18 137 (3.35%) RabbitMQ
19 113 (2.77%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 382 (9.35%) Fixed Income
2 338 (8.27%) Greenfield Project
3 324 (7.93%) Derivative
4 312 (7.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 234 (5.73%) Equities
6 195 (4.77%) Analytical Skills
7 144 (3.52%) User Experience
8 135 (3.30%) Hedge funds
9 129 (3.16%) Algorithms
10 124 (3.03%) Data Structures
11 103 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
12 102 (2.50%) Mobile App
13 89 (2.18%) Equity Derivative
14 69 (1.69%) Blog
15 64 (1.57%) Public Cloud
16 63 (1.54%) Virtual Team
17 46 (1.13%) Cloud Native
18 44 (1.08%) Reference Data
19 40 (0.98%) Market Risk
20 38 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 540 (13.22%) Linux
2 250 (6.12%) Unix
3 154 (3.77%) Android
4 131 (3.21%) Windows
5 65 (1.59%) Apple iOS
6 64 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 38 (0.93%) Ubuntu
8 28 (0.69%) CentOS
9 25 (0.61%) Mac OS X
10 23 (0.56%) Mac OS
11 18 (0.44%) Solaris
12 17 (0.42%) AIX
13 14 (0.34%) Debian
14 9 (0.22%) Windows Server
14 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
16 7 (0.17%) Windows 10
17 6 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
18 3 (0.073%) VMS
18 3 (0.073%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,070 (50.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,116 (27.31%) Microservices
3 858 (21.00%) DevOps
4 790 (19.33%) TDD
5 648 (15.86%) Software Engineering
6 535 (13.09%) Test Automation
7 520 (12.73%) Scrum
8 438 (10.72%) Continuous Integration
9 408 (9.99%) BDD
10 335 (8.20%) Asset Management
11 327 (8.00%) Open Source
12 288 (7.05%) Multithreading
13 281 (6.88%) Analytics
14 255 (6.24%) Computer Science
15 246 (6.02%) Problem-Solving
16 235 (5.75%) OO
17 228 (5.58%) Fintech
18 210 (5.14%) SDLC
19 206 (5.04%) Unit Testing
20 186 (4.55%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 1,183 (28.95%) Python
2 871 (21.32%) SQL
3 845 (20.68%) JavaScript
4 564 (13.80%) Java 8
5 390 (9.54%) C#
6 347 (8.49%) Scala
7 346 (8.47%) C++
8 222 (5.43%) Kotlin
9 205 (5.02%) Ruby
10 182 (4.45%) R
11 146 (3.57%) PL/SQL
12 140 (3.43%) Go
13 121 (2.96%) TypeScript
14 118 (2.89%) Groovy
15 100 (2.45%) Bash Shell
16 83 (2.03%) PHP
17 68 (1.66%) Perl
18 61 (1.49%) Shell Script
19 56 (1.37%) ES6
20 54 (1.32%) C
Qualifications
1 434 (10.62%) Security Cleared
2 356 (8.71%) SC Cleared
3 261 (6.39%) Degree
4 98 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (1.17%) DV Cleared
6 42 (1.03%) Master's Degree
7 27 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 26 (0.64%) PhD
9 24 (0.59%) ISTQB
10 23 (0.56%) ISEB
11 15 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
12 14 (0.34%) AWS Certification
13 13 (0.32%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
15 7 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
16 6 (0.15%) OCPJP
17 5 (0.12%) BC Cleared
17 5 (0.12%) CISSP
17 5 (0.12%) MCITP
17 5 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (3.94%) QA
2 23 (0.56%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.39%) PCI DSS
4 15 (0.37%) GDPR
5 13 (0.32%) WCAG
6 11 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 11 (0.27%) MiFID
7 9 (0.22%) PSD2
8 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.12%) PMO
10 4 (0.098%) COBIT
10 4 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.073%) Government Security Classifications
11 3 (0.073%) NCSC
12 2 (0.049%) Basel III
12 2 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.024%) HL7
13 1 (0.024%) IFRS
13 1 (0.024%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.024%) SLA
System Software
1 776 (18.99%) Docker
2 34 (0.83%) HDFS
3 27 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (0.39%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.32%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 13 (0.32%) vSphere
7 11 (0.27%) OpenAM
7 11 (0.27%) OpenDJ
8 10 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
9 7 (0.17%) Postfix
10 5 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.12%) GridGain
11 4 (0.098%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.098%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.073%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.073%) Firmware
12 3 (0.073%) NFS
13 2 (0.049%) LXC
13 2 (0.049%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 594 (14.54%) Kubernetes
2 313 (7.66%) Terraform
3 256 (6.27%) Ansible
4 136 (3.33%) Puppet
5 103 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (0.66%) Grafana
6 27 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
7 24 (0.59%) Kibana
8 22 (0.54%) Istio
8 22 (0.54%) logstash
8 22 (0.54%) Prometheus
9 21 (0.51%) Nagios
10 19 (0.47%) Packer
10 19 (0.47%) SCCM
11 17 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
11 17 (0.42%) Salt
11 17 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
12 16 (0.39%) Tivoli
13 15 (0.37%) Consul
14 13 (0.32%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 508 (12.43%) Oracle
2 210 (5.14%) Google
3 147 (3.60%) Microsoft
4 121 (2.96%) Sybase
5 118 (2.89%) Red Hat
6 105 (2.57%) MuleSoft
7 103 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
8 76 (1.86%) SAP
9 72 (1.76%) Splunk
10 62 (1.52%) IBM
11 48 (1.17%) Axway
12 46 (1.13%) hybris
13 39 (0.95%) Adobe
14 32 (0.78%) Atlassian
15 31 (0.76%) Cloudera
15 31 (0.76%) VMware
16 30 (0.73%) Bloomberg
17 27 (0.66%) Hortonworks
17 27 (0.66%) TIBCO
17 27 (0.66%) webMethods