Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 3,458 3,305 6,289
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.78% 15.57% 15.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.07% 32.51% 31.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,623 2,524 4,585
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
25th Percentile £475 £484 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £561 £560
Median % change year-on-year +2.45% +0.22% +1.82%
75th Percentile £688 £650 £650
90th Percentile £738 £729 £709
England median daily rate £538 £538 £525
% change year-on-year -0.05% +2.43% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 17 19
10th Percentile £48.40 £21.80 £21.63
25th Percentile £62.68 £44.75 £33.00
Median hourly rate £64.50 £57.50 £46.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.17% +23.66% +80.25%
75th Percentile £68.00 £64.88 £53.13
90th Percentile £68.32 £67.12 £56.75
England median hourly rate £55.00 £45.50 £47.09
% change year-on-year +20.88% -3.37% +12.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,130 10,165 19,665
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.57% 47.88% 47.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,320 7,607 14,955
10th Percentile £363 £365 £363
25th Percentile £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £638 £623 £613
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 81 112
10th Percentile £20.99 £18.25 £18.19
25th Percentile £30.50 £26.75 £21.11
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £36.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.92% +32.86% -6.49%
75th Percentile £63.75 £61.00 £47.83
90th Percentile £68.00 £65.54 £53.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 481 £600 +4.35% 334
West London +9 42 £538 +2.38% 148
South London -3 31 £450 -13.25% 18
East London +1 28 £538 -2.27% 68
North London +5 3 £350 -6.67% 5
Java
England

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,558 (45.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1,019 (29.47%) Spring
3 1,013 (29.29%) Finance
4 920 (26.60%) Microservices
5 887 (25.65%) AWS
6 867 (25.07%) Banking
7 849 (24.55%) Python
8 743 (21.49%) Kubernetes
9 715 (20.68%) Docker
10 705 (20.39%) DevOps
11 689 (19.92%) SQL
12 672 (19.43%) JavaScript
13 662 (19.14%) TDD
14 623 (18.02%) Front Office
15 613 (17.73%) Jenkins
16 598 (17.29%) Azure
17 588 (17.00%) Spring Boot
18 573 (16.57%) Social Skills
19 550 (15.91%) Software Engineering
20 534 (15.44%) Git (software)
21 523 (15.12%) REST
22 463 (13.39%) Java 8
23 456 (13.19%) Web Services
24 443 (12.81%) Test Automation
25 438 (12.67%) Kafka
26 435 (12.58%) React
27 434 (12.55%) Investment Banking
28 432 (12.49%) Linux
29 428 (12.38%) Scrum
30 422 (12.20%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 188 (5.44%) Apache Spark
2 187 (5.41%) Apache
3 141 (4.08%) Confluence
4 112 (3.24%) Mule
5 82 (2.37%) Red Hat Fuse
6 77 (2.23%) Tomcat
7 60 (1.74%) JBoss
8 59 (1.71%) Cloud Foundry
9 57 (1.65%) WebSphere
10 49 (1.42%) Elasticsearch
11 42 (1.21%) Oracle Coherence
12 36 (1.04%) nginx
13 34 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
14 33 (0.95%) CMS
15 29 (0.84%) SharePoint
16 27 (0.78%) Camunda
17 26 (0.75%) WebLogic
18 19 (0.55%) Jetty
19 17 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
20 16 (0.46%) IIS
Applications
1 17 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.29%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.087%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.087%) Sketch
5 2 (0.058%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.029%) Figma
6 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (0.20%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.12%) Magento
4 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.087%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.087%) Maximo
5 3 (0.087%) Shopify
6 2 (0.058%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.058%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.058%) IntelliMatch
6 2 (0.058%) Loan IQ
6 2 (0.058%) OneSumX
6 2 (0.058%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.058%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.058%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.029%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.029%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.029%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 887 (25.65%) AWS
2 598 (17.29%) Azure
3 422 (12.20%) GCP
4 170 (4.92%) Serverless
5 135 (3.90%) GitHub
6 100 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
7 99 (2.86%) OpenShift
8 88 (2.54%) Amazon S3
8 88 (2.54%) PaaS
9 72 (2.08%) SaaS
10 65 (1.88%) IaaS
11 63 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
12 50 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
13 44 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
14 32 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
15 26 (0.75%) Amazon EKS
15 26 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
16 25 (0.72%) npm
16 25 (0.72%) Power Platform
17 23 (0.67%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 77 (2.23%) HTTP
2 36 (1.04%) SSL
3 29 (0.84%) TCP/IP
4 27 (0.78%) DNS
5 23 (0.67%) Firewall
6 16 (0.46%) Kerberos
7 13 (0.38%) Internet
8 12 (0.35%) FTP
8 12 (0.35%) Network Security
9 11 (0.32%) HTTPS
10 8 (0.23%) Cisco Nexus
10 8 (0.23%) DHCP
10 8 (0.23%) LAN
10 8 (0.23%) SAN
10 8 (0.23%) WAN
11 7 (0.20%) Broadband
11 7 (0.20%) NAS
11 7 (0.20%) SMTP
12 6 (0.17%) IPsec
12 6 (0.17%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 225 (6.51%) Relational Database
2 217 (6.28%) NoSQL
3 184 (5.32%) Big Data
4 174 (5.03%) MongoDB
5 159 (4.60%) SQL Server
6 155 (4.48%) PostgreSQL
7 148 (4.28%) Hadoop
8 89 (2.57%) MySQL
9 77 (2.23%) Apache Cassandra
10 76 (2.20%) BigQuery
11 66 (1.91%) Redis
12 61 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
13 54 (1.56%) Apache Hive
13 54 (1.56%) Apache Ignite
14 53 (1.53%) Hazelcast
15 52 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 46 (1.33%) Oracle Database
17 38 (1.10%) RDBMS
18 29 (0.84%) Tableau
19 28 (0.81%) HBase
Development Applications
1 613 (17.73%) Jenkins
2 534 (15.44%) Git (software)
3 367 (10.61%) Maven
4 311 (8.99%) JIRA
5 198 (5.73%) Cucumber
6 192 (5.55%) JUnit
7 152 (4.40%) Gradle
8 136 (3.93%) Selenium
9 99 (2.86%) Mockito
10 88 (2.54%) GitLab
11 86 (2.49%) Bitbucket
12 81 (2.34%) TeamCity
13 61 (1.76%) Subversion
14 56 (1.62%) SonarQube
15 55 (1.59%) Postman
16 48 (1.39%) IntelliJ
16 48 (1.39%) JMeter
17 46 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 43 (1.24%) Eclipse
19 42 (1.21%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,013 (29.29%) Finance
2 867 (25.07%) Banking
3 623 (18.02%) Front Office
4 573 (16.57%) Social Skills
5 434 (12.55%) Investment Banking
6 202 (5.84%) Analytical Skills
7 126 (3.64%) Public Sector
8 85 (2.46%) Retail
9 60 (1.74%) Marketing
10 54 (1.56%) Telecoms
11 41 (1.19%) Manufacturing
12 37 (1.07%) Financial Institution
13 33 (0.95%) Documentation Skills
13 33 (0.95%) Presentation Skills
14 31 (0.90%) Influencing Skills
15 23 (0.67%) Electronics
16 22 (0.64%) Automotive
16 22 (0.64%) Retail Banking
17 12 (0.35%) Multimedia
18 11 (0.32%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,122 (61.36%) Developer
2 1,396 (40.37%) Java Developer
3 386 (11.16%) Senior Developer
4 295 (8.53%) Senior Java Developer
5 217 (6.28%) Architect
6 181 (5.23%) Front Office Developer
7 169 (4.89%) Java Engineer
8 160 (4.63%) Software Engineer
9 158 (4.57%) React Developer
10 155 (4.48%) DevOps Engineer
11 145 (4.19%) Full Stack Developer
12 131 (3.79%) Data Engineer
13 108 (3.12%) Consultant
14 103 (2.98%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 101 (2.92%) Investment Banking Java Developer
16 99 (2.86%) AWS Developer
17 95 (2.75%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
17 95 (2.75%) Python Developer
18 90 (2.60%) UI Developer
19 85 (2.46%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,019 (29.47%) Spring
2 588 (17.00%) Spring Boot
3 523 (15.12%) REST
4 456 (13.19%) Web Services
5 438 (12.67%) Kafka
6 435 (12.58%) React
7 365 (10.56%) AngularJS
8 356 (10.29%) Node.js
9 286 (8.27%) RESTful
10 271 (7.84%) HTML
11 218 (6.30%) Middleware
12 200 (5.78%) Hibernate
13 192 (5.55%) .NET
14 186 (5.38%) CSS
15 174 (5.03%) JSON
16 173 (5.00%) XML
17 144 (4.16%) J2EE
18 140 (4.05%) Apache Camel
19 130 (3.76%) SOAP
20 107 (3.09%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 335 (9.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 246 (7.11%) Fixed Income
3 206 (5.96%) Derivative
4 186 (5.38%) User Experience
5 165 (4.77%) Equities
6 142 (4.11%) Greenfield Project
7 130 (3.76%) Data Structures
8 113 (3.27%) Mobile App
9 111 (3.21%) Enterprise Software
10 86 (2.49%) Cloud Native
11 83 (2.40%) Algorithms
12 60 (1.74%) Hedge funds
13 52 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
14 45 (1.30%) Clustering
14 45 (1.30%) Management Information System
15 42 (1.21%) Market Risk
16 40 (1.16%) Credit Risk
17 29 (0.84%) Public Cloud
17 29 (0.84%) Virtual Team
18 25 (0.72%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 432 (12.49%) Linux
2 261 (7.55%) Unix
3 121 (3.50%) Android
4 99 (2.86%) Windows
5 32 (0.93%) Apple iOS
6 22 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (0.49%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.35%) Solaris
9 11 (0.32%) Windows Server
10 9 (0.26%) CentOS
11 7 (0.20%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.17%) VMS
13 5 (0.14%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.12%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
15 3 (0.087%) Android TV
15 3 (0.087%) Debian
15 3 (0.087%) Windows Server 2012
16 2 (0.058%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,558 (45.05%) Agile Software Development
2 920 (26.60%) Microservices
3 705 (20.39%) DevOps
4 662 (19.14%) TDD
5 550 (15.91%) Software Engineering
6 443 (12.81%) Test Automation
7 428 (12.38%) Scrum
8 419 (12.12%) BDD
9 373 (10.79%) Continuous Integration
10 359 (10.38%) Multithreading
11 286 (8.27%) Low Latency
12 252 (7.29%) Electronic Trading
13 249 (7.20%) SDLC
14 225 (6.51%) Analytics
15 217 (6.28%) OO
16 213 (6.16%) Continuous Delivery
17 198 (5.73%) Problem-Solving
18 192 (5.55%) Computer Science
19 186 (5.38%) Open Source
20 173 (5.00%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 849 (24.55%) Python
2 689 (19.92%) SQL
3 672 (19.43%) JavaScript
4 463 (13.39%) Java 8
5 351 (10.15%) Kotlin
6 322 (9.31%) Scala
7 261 (7.55%) C#
8 252 (7.29%) C++
9 170 (4.92%) TypeScript
10 105 (3.04%) Go
11 84 (2.43%) Ruby
12 81 (2.34%) PL/SQL
13 77 (2.23%) PowerShell
14 73 (2.11%) C
14 73 (2.11%) Shell Script
15 68 (1.97%) Bash Shell
16 66 (1.91%) Groovy
17 47 (1.36%) ES6
17 47 (1.36%) R
18 42 (1.21%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 327 (9.46%) Security Cleared
2 266 (7.69%) SC Cleared
3 254 (7.35%) Degree
4 74 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (1.68%) DV Cleared
6 36 (1.04%) Numerate Degree
7 33 (0.95%) AWS Certification
8 22 (0.64%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.29%) ISTQB
10 7 (0.20%) CCNA
10 7 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.20%) PhD
11 5 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
11 5 (0.14%) ISEB
12 3 (0.087%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.087%) Sun Certification
13 2 (0.058%) CISSP
13 2 (0.058%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.058%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 159 (4.60%) QA
2 26 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.38%) PMO
3 13 (0.38%) SLA
4 12 (0.35%) GDPR
5 10 (0.29%) MiFID
6 9 (0.26%) ISO 20022
7 6 (0.17%) WCAG
8 2 (0.058%) COREP
8 2 (0.058%) CRD IV
8 2 (0.058%) ISO 15022
8 2 (0.058%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.029%) Basel III
9 1 (0.029%) Dublin Core
9 1 (0.029%) NIST
9 1 (0.029%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 715 (20.68%) Docker
2 27 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (0.75%) GridGain
3 26 (0.75%) HDFS
4 24 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.67%) Active Directory
6 19 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 16 (0.46%) Platform Symphony
8 11 (0.32%) Xen
9 10 (0.29%) NFS
9 10 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (0.20%) Apache Flume
10 7 (0.20%) KVM
10 7 (0.20%) vSphere
11 6 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.14%) Hyper-V
12 5 (0.14%) SRDF
13 3 (0.087%) Ceph
14 2 (0.058%) EMC RecoverPoint
14 2 (0.058%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 743 (21.49%) Kubernetes
2 343 (9.92%) Terraform
3 235 (6.80%) Ansible
4 79 (2.28%) Puppet
5 69 (2.00%) Prometheus
6 64 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
7 55 (1.59%) Grafana
8 34 (0.98%) Istio
9 18 (0.52%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 16 (0.46%) Kibana
11 15 (0.43%) Argo
12 12 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
12 12 (0.35%) Oozie
12 12 (0.35%) Salt
12 12 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
14 10 (0.29%) Packer
15 8 (0.23%) HP Fortify
15 8 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
15 8 (0.23%) Mesos
Vendors
1 397 (11.48%) Oracle
2 190 (5.49%) Google
3 122 (3.53%) Microsoft
4 95 (2.75%) IBM
5 77 (2.23%) MuleSoft
6 69 (2.00%) Splunk
7 57 (1.65%) Atlassian
8 49 (1.42%) Red Hat
8 49 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
9 45 (1.30%) SAP
10 43 (1.24%) ION Trading
11 41 (1.19%) Sybase
12 34 (0.98%) HP
12 34 (0.98%) VMware
13 32 (0.93%) TIBCO
14 28 (0.81%) AppDynamics
14 28 (0.81%) CA
14 28 (0.81%) Databricks
15 27 (0.78%) Adobe
16 24 (0.69%) Cloudera