Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 4,758 8,052 8,513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.91% 17.21% 17.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.61% 34.27% 36.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,452 6,000 6,479
London median daily rate £575 £550 £540
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +1.85% +8.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £400
90th Percentile £725 £700 £688
England median daily rate £538 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 23 21
London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.73% +69.09% -34.52%
10th Percentile £12.46 £27.26 £26.08
90th Percentile £53.75 £100.75 £43.75
England median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.11% +12.50% +3.90%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,070 23,499 23,091
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 46.99% 50.22% 48.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,997 17,963 17,590
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 121 115 149
London median hourly rate £42.11 £36.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.97% +12.50% -1.54%
10th Percentile £17.25 £18.53 £18.20
90th Percentile £60.54 £58.75 £50.50
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.19 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.11% +5.48% +3.90%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 1,024 £575 +2.22% 550
South London 0 260 £525 - 44
West London -11 123 £525 +1.45% 198
East London -2 111 £550 -3.04% 89
North London +5 10 £425 -12.82% 11
Java
England

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,364 (49.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,355 (28.48%) Python
3 1,288 (27.07%) Microservices
4 1,286 (27.03%) Finance
5 1,219 (25.62%) AWS
6 1,066 (22.40%) JavaScript
7 1,043 (21.92%) Spring
8 977 (20.53%) TDD
9 945 (19.86%) SQL
10 927 (19.48%) DevOps
11 918 (19.29%) Docker
12 837 (17.59%) Banking
13 728 (15.30%) Jenkins
14 719 (15.11%) Web Services
15 671 (14.10%) Software Engineering
16 651 (13.68%) Git (software)
17 647 (13.60%) Kubernetes
18 641 (13.47%) Java 8
19 623 (13.09%) AngularJS
20 620 (13.03%) Scrum
21 601 (12.63%) Front Office
22 590 (12.40%) Linux
23 575 (12.08%) Test Automation
24 565 (11.87%) Spring Boot
25 544 (11.43%) React
25 544 (11.43%) Kafka
26 523 (10.99%) Continuous Integration
27 521 (10.95%) Oracle
27 521 (10.95%) REST
28 510 (10.72%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 267 (5.61%) Apache Spark
2 226 (4.75%) Confluence
3 190 (3.99%) Apache
4 140 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
5 99 (2.08%) Tomcat
6 98 (2.06%) JBoss
7 94 (1.98%) WebLogic
8 46 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
8 46 (0.97%) WebSphere
9 36 (0.76%) CMS
10 30 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 28 (0.59%) Jetty
11 28 (0.59%) SharePoint
12 27 (0.57%) IIS
12 27 (0.57%) MQSeries
13 25 (0.53%) Apache Solr
14 23 (0.48%) nginx
14 23 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 18 (0.38%) Jupyter
16 17 (0.36%) OpenStack
Applications
1 19 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
1 19 (0.40%) Photoshop
2 14 (0.29%) Sketch
3 13 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.13%) Zeplin
6 5 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.084%) InDesign
7 4 (0.084%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.042%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.042%) InVision
9 1 (0.021%) Weka
9 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 53 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.95%) FINCAD Analytics
3 21 (0.44%) ION MarketView
4 13 (0.27%) Magento
4 13 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
5 8 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 8 (0.17%) Oracle AML
5 8 (0.17%) PolarLake
5 8 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
5 8 (0.17%) Shopify
5 8 (0.17%) thinkFolio
6 7 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
7 6 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.13%) Markit EDM
7 6 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
8 5 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
9 4 (0.084%) Dynamics NAV
9 4 (0.084%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 1,219 (25.62%) AWS
2 499 (10.49%) Azure
3 354 (7.44%) GCP
4 244 (5.13%) Serverless
5 216 (4.54%) AWS Lambda
6 207 (4.35%) GitHub
7 187 (3.93%) Amazon S3
8 150 (3.15%) OpenShift
9 135 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
10 117 (2.46%) Amazon SQS
11 89 (1.87%) AWS CloudFormation
12 82 (1.72%) PaaS
13 69 (1.45%) Power Platform
14 65 (1.37%) Amazon ECS
15 60 (1.26%) SaaS
16 49 (1.03%) AWS Step Functions
17 46 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
17 46 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
18 41 (0.86%) IaaS
19 39 (0.82%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 96 (2.02%) HTTP
2 71 (1.49%) TCP/IP
3 46 (0.97%) Firewall
4 45 (0.95%) Internet
5 36 (0.76%) SSL
6 33 (0.69%) FTP
7 32 (0.67%) DNS
8 24 (0.50%) Multicast
9 20 (0.42%) Kerberos
10 14 (0.29%) DHCP
11 13 (0.27%) SSH
12 12 (0.25%) WAN
13 11 (0.23%) VPN
14 7 (0.15%) BGP
14 7 (0.15%) EIGRP
14 7 (0.15%) Intranet
14 7 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
15 6 (0.13%) VXLAN
16 5 (0.11%) LAN
16 5 (0.11%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (7.23%) NoSQL
2 331 (6.96%) Big Data
3 322 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
4 276 (5.80%) MongoDB
5 275 (5.78%) Hadoop
6 268 (5.63%) Relational Database
7 207 (4.35%) SQL Server
8 203 (4.27%) MySQL
9 152 (3.19%) Apache Cassandra
10 142 (2.98%) Amazon RDS
11 141 (2.96%) RDBMS
12 124 (2.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 98 (2.06%) Amazon Redshift
14 93 (1.95%) Amazon Athena
15 92 (1.93%) HBase
16 89 (1.87%) Apache Hive
17 87 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
18 82 (1.72%) Oracle Database
19 77 (1.62%) Amazon Aurora
19 77 (1.62%) Redis
Development Applications
1 728 (15.30%) Jenkins
2 651 (13.68%) Git (software)
3 417 (8.76%) JIRA
4 403 (8.47%) Maven
5 306 (6.43%) JUnit
6 257 (5.40%) Selenium
7 247 (5.19%) Cucumber
8 167 (3.51%) Mockito
9 143 (3.01%) Gradle
10 124 (2.61%) TeamCity
11 123 (2.59%) Subversion
12 104 (2.19%) Bitbucket
13 95 (2.00%) SonarQube
14 75 (1.58%) Artifactory
15 70 (1.47%) WebDriver
16 69 (1.45%) JMeter
17 64 (1.35%) GitLab
18 60 (1.26%) Ant
19 56 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 55 (1.16%) Eclipse
General
1 1,286 (27.03%) Finance
2 837 (17.59%) Banking
3 601 (12.63%) Front Office
4 275 (5.78%) Investment Banking
5 170 (3.57%) Public Sector
6 92 (1.93%) Marketing
7 91 (1.91%) Retail
8 66 (1.39%) Games
9 48 (1.01%) Advertising
10 40 (0.84%) Retail Banking
11 39 (0.82%) Telecoms
12 35 (0.74%) Financial Institution
13 30 (0.63%) Law
14 28 (0.59%) Manufacturing
15 27 (0.57%) Legal
16 20 (0.42%) Back Office
16 20 (0.42%) Publishing
17 19 (0.40%) Electronics
18 12 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
19 10 (0.21%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,868 (60.28%) Developer
2 1,711 (35.96%) Java Developer
3 499 (10.49%) Senior Developer
4 372 (7.82%) Architect
5 325 (6.83%) Full Stack Developer
6 322 (6.77%) Java Engineer
7 311 (6.54%) Senior Java Developer
8 250 (5.25%) Software Engineer
9 246 (5.17%) DevOps Engineer
10 225 (4.73%) AWS Developer
11 217 (4.56%) React Developer
12 210 (4.41%) AWS Engineer
13 161 (3.38%) Data Engineer
14 151 (3.17%) Python Developer
15 132 (2.77%) Agile Developer
16 131 (2.75%) Angular Developer
17 125 (2.63%) Agile Java Developer
18 118 (2.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 105 (2.21%) Technical Architect
20 104 (2.19%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,043 (21.92%) Spring
2 719 (15.11%) Web Services
3 623 (13.09%) AngularJS
4 565 (11.87%) Spring Boot
5 544 (11.43%) Kafka
5 544 (11.43%) React
6 521 (10.95%) REST
7 510 (10.72%) Node.js
8 469 (9.86%) HTML
9 421 (8.85%) RESTful
10 355 (7.46%) CSS
11 315 (6.62%) J2EE
12 281 (5.91%) .NET
13 273 (5.74%) JSON
14 258 (5.42%) Hibernate
15 241 (5.07%) SOAP
16 226 (4.75%) XML
17 172 (3.61%) HTML5
18 136 (2.86%) Redux
19 135 (2.84%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 441 (9.27%) Greenfield Project
2 344 (7.23%) Derivative
3 330 (6.94%) Fixed Income
4 279 (5.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 206 (4.33%) Equities
6 202 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
7 171 (3.59%) User Experience
8 156 (3.28%) Algorithms
9 136 (2.86%) Data Structures
10 129 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
11 109 (2.29%) Mobile App
12 94 (1.98%) Equity Derivative
13 92 (1.93%) Public Cloud
14 85 (1.79%) Hedge funds
15 67 (1.41%) Virtual Team
16 53 (1.11%) Cloud Native
17 49 (1.03%) Reference Data
17 49 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
18 45 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
19 43 (0.90%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 590 (12.40%) Linux
2 303 (6.37%) Unix
3 184 (3.87%) Android
4 168 (3.53%) Windows
5 74 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 73 (1.53%) Apple iOS
7 46 (0.97%) Ubuntu
8 30 (0.63%) CentOS
9 28 (0.59%) Debian
10 25 (0.53%) Mac OS X
10 25 (0.53%) Windows Server
11 21 (0.44%) Mac OS
12 18 (0.38%) AIX
13 13 (0.27%) Solaris
14 11 (0.23%) openSUSE
15 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.13%) Windows 10
17 5 (0.11%) VMS
17 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
18 3 (0.063%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,364 (49.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,288 (27.07%) Microservices
3 977 (20.53%) TDD
4 927 (19.48%) DevOps
5 671 (14.10%) Software Engineering
6 620 (13.03%) Scrum
7 575 (12.08%) Test Automation
8 523 (10.99%) Continuous Integration
9 476 (10.00%) BDD
10 359 (7.55%) Open Source
11 333 (7.00%) OO
12 325 (6.83%) Analytics
13 317 (6.66%) Fintech
14 312 (6.56%) Asset Management
15 275 (5.78%) Computer Science
15 275 (5.78%) Problem-Solving
16 274 (5.76%) Multithreading
17 271 (5.70%) Unit Testing
18 245 (5.15%) Kanban
19 231 (4.85%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,355 (28.48%) Python
2 1,066 (22.40%) JavaScript
3 945 (19.86%) SQL
4 641 (13.47%) Java 8
5 450 (9.46%) Scala
6 432 (9.08%) C#
7 424 (8.91%) C++
8 245 (5.15%) Ruby
9 236 (4.96%) Kotlin
10 166 (3.49%) Go
11 161 (3.38%) TypeScript
12 155 (3.26%) R
13 129 (2.71%) PL/SQL
14 128 (2.69%) Bash Shell
15 113 (2.37%) Groovy
16 110 (2.31%) ES6
17 95 (2.00%) PHP
18 83 (1.74%) C
19 81 (1.70%) Perl
20 77 (1.62%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 424 (8.91%) Security Cleared
2 336 (7.06%) SC Cleared
3 302 (6.35%) Degree
4 96 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 57 (1.20%) DV Cleared
6 44 (0.92%) Master's Degree
7 39 (0.82%) PhD
8 31 (0.65%) AWS Certification
9 26 (0.55%) ISTQB
10 23 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
11 22 (0.46%) DBS Check
12 20 (0.42%) ISEB
13 16 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
14 15 (0.32%) CISSP
14 15 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
15 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
16 7 (0.15%) SANS
17 6 (0.13%) CEH
17 6 (0.13%) OCPJP
17 6 (0.13%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 204 (4.29%) QA
2 22 (0.46%) GDPR
3 21 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 18 (0.38%) PCI DSS
5 16 (0.34%) COBIT
6 15 (0.32%) NIST
7 14 (0.29%) MiFID
8 10 (0.21%) Data Quality
8 10 (0.21%) PSD2
8 10 (0.21%) WCAG
9 7 (0.15%) SLA
10 5 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.11%) PMO
11 4 (0.084%) EMIR
11 4 (0.084%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.063%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.042%) HL7
13 2 (0.042%) IFRS
13 2 (0.042%) IFRS 9
13 2 (0.042%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 918 (19.29%) Docker
2 43 (0.90%) HDFS
3 34 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (0.46%) vSphere
5 16 (0.34%) Active Directory
6 15 (0.32%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 15 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.15%) OpenAM
8 7 (0.15%) OpenDJ
8 7 (0.15%) Postfix
8 7 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.11%) GridGain
9 5 (0.11%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.11%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.084%) NFS
11 3 (0.063%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.063%) Firmware
12 2 (0.042%) LXC
12 2 (0.042%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 647 (13.60%) Kubernetes
2 346 (7.27%) Ansible
3 334 (7.02%) Terraform
4 166 (3.49%) Puppet
5 133 (2.80%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (0.99%) Grafana
7 38 (0.80%) Hadoop YARN
8 36 (0.76%) Salt
9 31 (0.65%) Prometheus
10 25 (0.53%) Kibana
11 24 (0.50%) Packer
12 23 (0.48%) Istio
13 19 (0.40%) logstash
14 17 (0.36%) Consul
14 17 (0.36%) ITRS Geneos
14 17 (0.36%) Nessus
15 16 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
15 16 (0.34%) Tivoli
16 14 (0.29%) linkerd
16 14 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 521 (10.95%) Oracle
2 255 (5.36%) Google
3 154 (3.24%) Microsoft
4 127 (2.67%) Salesforce.com
5 114 (2.40%) Sybase
6 110 (2.31%) Red Hat
7 99 (2.08%) MuleSoft
8 82 (1.72%) Splunk
9 78 (1.64%) IBM
10 58 (1.22%) SAP
11 56 (1.18%) Bloomberg
12 50 (1.05%) TIBCO
13 47 (0.99%) Adobe
13 47 (0.99%) VMware
14 44 (0.92%) Atlassian
15 38 (0.80%) Reuters
16 37 (0.78%) hybris
17 34 (0.71%) CA
18 31 (0.65%) Cloudera
19 30 (0.63%) Axway