Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -4 +1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 5,234 2,658 5,281
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.59% 18.88% 14.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.88% 37.39% 30.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,980 2,013 3,920
10th Percentile £431 £404 £413
25th Percentile £505 £475 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £575
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%
75th Percentile £700 £700 £650
90th Percentile £775 £775 £723
England median daily rate £565 £525 £531
% change year-on-year +7.62% -1.18% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 5 13
10th Percentile £35.71 £40.80 £25.25
25th Percentile £53.00 £42.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate £60.00 £45.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% -10.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £69.72 £50.39 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.00 £53.16 "
England median hourly rate £60.00 £44.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +36.36% -4.35% +3.95%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,417 7,109 17,572
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 45.76% 50.49% 47.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,432 5,225 13,449
10th Percentile £400 £350 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
75th Percentile £675 £638 £613
90th Percentile £750 £738 £699
England median daily rate £525 £495 £488
% change year-on-year +6.06% +1.54% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 91 42 113
10th Percentile £24.50 £21.33 £17.75
25th Percentile £35.13 £27.81 £25.00
Median hourly rate £51.25 £36.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +42.36% -24.21% +21.79%
75th Percentile £63.88 £41.50 £52.50
90th Percentile £70.10 £53.98 £55.50
England median hourly rate £45.50 £37.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +21.33% -16.67% +6.49%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 650 £625 +11.11% 456
South London -1 75 £450 -9.55% 32
West London +2 68 £550 +10.00% 140
East London 0 28 £498 +73.04% 85
Java
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,230 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1,512 (28.89%) Finance
3 1,428 (27.28%) Spring
4 1,397 (26.69%) Microservices
5 1,338 (25.56%) AWS
6 1,311 (25.05%) Python
7 1,225 (23.40%) SQL
8 1,218 (23.27%) DevOps
9 1,158 (22.12%) Banking
10 1,091 (20.84%) JavaScript
11 1,064 (20.33%) Kubernetes
12 973 (18.59%) TDD
13 959 (18.32%) Docker
14 940 (17.96%) Social Skills
15 937 (17.90%) Jenkins
16 911 (17.41%) Spring Boot
17 889 (16.99%) Azure
18 802 (15.32%) Software Engineering
19 738 (14.10%) Git (software)
20 727 (13.89%) Test Automation
21 714 (13.64%) Front Office
22 706 (13.49%) Kafka
23 679 (12.97%) Scrum
24 669 (12.78%) REST
25 653 (12.48%) Linux
26 648 (12.38%) React
27 638 (12.19%) Oracle
28 629 (12.02%) GCP
29 597 (11.41%) Java 8
30 589 (11.25%) Investment Banking

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 290 (5.54%) Apache Spark
2 220 (4.20%) Apache
3 218 (4.17%) Confluence
4 133 (2.54%) Elasticsearch
5 121 (2.31%) Tomcat
6 84 (1.60%) Mule
7 75 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
8 67 (1.28%) WebSphere
9 62 (1.18%) CMS
10 58 (1.11%) JBoss
11 48 (0.92%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 45 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
13 44 (0.84%) WebLogic
14 38 (0.73%) SharePoint
15 32 (0.61%) Oracle Workflow
15 32 (0.61%) Red Hat Fuse
16 30 (0.57%) Oracle Coherence
17 29 (0.55%) OpenStack
18 26 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 24 (0.46%) nginx
Applications
1 47 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.11%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.096%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.076%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.038%) Figma
9 1 (0.019%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.019%) Maya
9 1 (0.019%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.019%) Sketch
9 1 (0.019%) ZBrush
9 1 (0.019%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 54 (1.03%) ION MarketView
2 27 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 21 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
4 16 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
5 8 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
6 7 (0.13%) Temenos T24
7 6 (0.11%) Magento
7 6 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 5 (0.096%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.076%) Oracle Financials
9 4 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
9 4 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.076%) SAP CRM
9 4 (0.076%) SAP S/4HANA
10 3 (0.057%) ContrOCC
10 3 (0.057%) Loan IQ
10 3 (0.057%) Oracle Applications
11 2 (0.038%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.038%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 1,338 (25.56%) AWS
2 889 (16.99%) Azure
3 629 (12.02%) GCP
4 327 (6.25%) GitHub
5 316 (6.04%) Serverless
6 208 (3.97%) AWS Lambda
7 188 (3.59%) Amazon S3
8 144 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
9 132 (2.52%) OpenShift
10 114 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
11 113 (2.16%) SaaS
12 106 (2.03%) PaaS
13 96 (1.83%) Amazon SQS
14 88 (1.68%) IaaS
15 67 (1.28%) Apigee
16 63 (1.20%) Amazon ECS
17 59 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
18 58 (1.11%) Amazon EKS
19 51 (0.97%) npm
20 48 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 134 (2.56%) HTTP
2 55 (1.05%) TCP/IP
3 46 (0.88%) SSL
4 35 (0.67%) Firewall
5 33 (0.63%) Internet
6 29 (0.55%) DNS
7 27 (0.52%) RTMP
8 23 (0.44%) Network Security
9 20 (0.38%) SAN
10 19 (0.36%) HTTPS
11 18 (0.34%) FIX Connectivity
11 18 (0.34%) NAS
12 16 (0.31%) LAN
12 16 (0.31%) VPN
13 15 (0.29%) Kerberos
13 15 (0.29%) WAN
14 12 (0.23%) AMQP
15 11 (0.21%) BGP
16 10 (0.19%) IPv4
16 10 (0.19%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 459 (8.77%) NoSQL
2 378 (7.22%) Relational Database
3 281 (5.37%) SQL Server
4 274 (5.24%) MongoDB
5 265 (5.06%) Big Data
6 257 (4.91%) PostgreSQL
7 195 (3.73%) MySQL
8 188 (3.59%) Hadoop
9 139 (2.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 138 (2.64%) Data Warehouse
11 133 (2.54%) Redis
12 118 (2.25%) Apache Cassandra
13 104 (1.99%) Oracle Database
14 91 (1.74%) BigQuery
15 84 (1.60%) RDBMS
16 78 (1.49%) Hazelcast
17 72 (1.38%) Apache Hive
18 68 (1.30%) Apache Ignite
19 66 (1.26%) HBase
20 65 (1.24%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 937 (17.90%) Jenkins
2 738 (14.10%) Git (software)
3 577 (11.02%) Maven
4 466 (8.90%) JIRA
5 301 (5.75%) JUnit
6 282 (5.39%) Cucumber
7 225 (4.30%) Selenium
8 211 (4.03%) Gradle
9 193 (3.69%) Mockito
10 161 (3.08%) TeamCity
11 152 (2.90%) GitLab
12 134 (2.56%) Bitbucket
13 124 (2.37%) Subversion
14 89 (1.70%) IntelliJ
15 80 (1.53%) Postman
16 74 (1.41%) JMeter
17 73 (1.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 64 (1.22%) Artifactory
18 64 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
19 62 (1.18%) webpack
General
1 1,512 (28.89%) Finance
2 1,158 (22.12%) Banking
3 940 (17.96%) Social Skills
4 714 (13.64%) Front Office
5 589 (11.25%) Investment Banking
6 375 (7.16%) Analytical Skills
7 140 (2.67%) Public Sector
8 130 (2.48%) Retail
9 97 (1.85%) Presentation Skills
10 96 (1.83%) Marketing
11 78 (1.49%) Financial Institution
12 58 (1.11%) Telecoms
13 57 (1.09%) Manufacturing
14 47 (0.90%) Retail Banking
15 45 (0.86%) Back Office
16 35 (0.67%) Legal
17 28 (0.53%) Electronics
17 28 (0.53%) Influencing Skills
17 28 (0.53%) Organisational Skills
18 26 (0.50%) Law
Job Titles
1 2,990 (57.13%) Developer
2 1,928 (36.84%) Java Developer
3 544 (10.39%) Senior Developer
4 454 (8.67%) Architect
5 423 (8.08%) Senior Java Developer
6 314 (6.00%) Java Engineer
7 282 (5.39%) Software Engineer
8 242 (4.62%) Full Stack Developer
9 230 (4.39%) Data Engineer
10 208 (3.97%) DevOps Engineer
11 199 (3.80%) Front Office Developer
12 162 (3.10%) Solutions Architect
13 154 (2.94%) Python Developer
14 150 (2.87%) React Developer
15 149 (2.85%) Consultant
16 147 (2.81%) AWS Developer
17 133 (2.54%) Electronic Trading Developer
18 130 (2.48%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
19 123 (2.35%) Java Software Engineer
20 122 (2.33%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,428 (27.28%) Spring
2 911 (17.41%) Spring Boot
3 706 (13.49%) Kafka
4 669 (12.78%) REST
5 648 (12.38%) React
6 534 (10.20%) Web Services
7 492 (9.40%) RESTful
8 486 (9.29%) AngularJS
9 449 (8.58%) Node.js
10 430 (8.22%) HTML
11 374 (7.15%) CSS
12 309 (5.90%) .NET
13 249 (4.76%) Hibernate
14 244 (4.66%) XML
15 238 (4.55%) Middleware
16 229 (4.38%) JSON
17 193 (3.69%) J2EE
18 175 (3.34%) SOAP
19 161 (3.08%) HTML5
20 151 (2.88%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 463 (8.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 423 (8.08%) Fixed Income
3 298 (5.69%) Derivative
4 238 (4.55%) Equities
5 229 (4.38%) Data Structures
6 211 (4.03%) Algorithms
7 202 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
8 147 (2.81%) User Experience
9 123 (2.35%) Data Protection Act
10 119 (2.27%) Cloud Native
11 115 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
11 115 (2.20%) Mobile App
12 98 (1.87%) Hedge funds
13 85 (1.62%) Public Cloud
14 78 (1.49%) Virtual Team
15 69 (1.32%) Management Information System
16 68 (1.30%) Credit Risk
17 61 (1.17%) Legacy Systems
18 51 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
19 49 (0.94%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 653 (12.48%) Linux
2 393 (7.51%) Unix
3 233 (4.45%) Windows
4 170 (3.25%) Android
5 69 (1.32%) Apple iOS
6 47 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 33 (0.63%) Ubuntu
8 24 (0.46%) Windows Server
9 22 (0.42%) Mac OS X
10 19 (0.36%) Solaris
11 14 (0.27%) Debian
12 12 (0.23%) CentOS
12 12 (0.23%) VMS
12 12 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.17%) Mac OS
14 8 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.096%) AIX
15 5 (0.096%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.076%) Embedded Linux
17 3 (0.057%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,230 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1,397 (26.69%) Microservices
3 1,218 (23.27%) DevOps
4 973 (18.59%) TDD
5 802 (15.32%) Software Engineering
6 727 (13.89%) Test Automation
7 679 (12.97%) Scrum
8 554 (10.58%) Full Stack Development
9 519 (9.92%) Multithreading
10 514 (9.82%) BDD
11 443 (8.46%) Continuous Integration
12 429 (8.20%) Analytics
13 406 (7.76%) Problem-Solving
14 363 (6.94%) SDLC
15 346 (6.61%) Low Latency
16 319 (6.09%) Electronic Trading
17 309 (5.90%) OO
18 283 (5.41%) Unit Testing
19 276 (5.27%) Computer Science
20 261 (4.99%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,311 (25.05%) Python
2 1,225 (23.40%) SQL
3 1,091 (20.84%) JavaScript
4 597 (11.41%) Java 8
5 538 (10.28%) C#
6 493 (9.42%) C++
7 410 (7.83%) Kotlin
8 406 (7.76%) Scala
9 364 (6.95%) TypeScript
10 264 (5.04%) Java 11
11 183 (3.50%) Go
12 168 (3.21%) Bash Shell
13 156 (2.98%) PowerShell
14 155 (2.96%) C
15 141 (2.69%) Shell Script
16 134 (2.56%) PL/SQL
17 127 (2.43%) Perl
18 120 (2.29%) Ruby
19 82 (1.57%) Groovy
20 60 (1.15%) PHP
Qualifications
1 300 (5.73%) Degree
2 282 (5.39%) Security Cleared
3 228 (4.36%) SC Cleared
4 120 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 50 (0.96%) AWS Certification
6 32 (0.61%) DV Cleared
7 19 (0.36%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.29%) ISTQB
8 15 (0.29%) Sun Certification
9 13 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
10 11 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 10 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
12 9 (0.17%) DBS Check
12 9 (0.17%) PhD
13 7 (0.13%) CREST Certified
13 7 (0.13%) ISEB
13 7 (0.13%) SANS
14 6 (0.11%) CCNA
14 6 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
14 6 (0.11%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 228 (4.36%) QA
2 94 (1.80%) Accessibility
3 59 (1.13%) Data Quality
4 30 (0.57%) GDPR
4 30 (0.57%) PMO
5 15 (0.29%) SLA
6 10 (0.19%) WCAG
7 8 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 6 (0.11%) ISO 20022
8 6 (0.11%) NCSC
9 5 (0.096%) NIST
10 4 (0.076%) Basel II
10 4 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.057%) ISO 15022
11 3 (0.057%) MiFID
11 3 (0.057%) PSD2
11 3 (0.057%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.038%) COBIT
12 2 (0.038%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.038%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 959 (18.32%) Docker
2 48 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.61%) HDFS
4 31 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 21 (0.40%) GridGain
6 20 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 16 (0.31%) OpenAM
8 12 (0.23%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.19%) KVM
10 9 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
10 9 (0.17%) vSphere
10 9 (0.17%) Xen
11 8 (0.15%) NFS
11 8 (0.15%) OpenDJ
12 7 (0.13%) SRDF
12 7 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
13 6 (0.11%) OpenIDM
13 6 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
13 6 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
14 5 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,064 (20.33%) Kubernetes
2 464 (8.87%) Terraform
3 332 (6.34%) Ansible
4 128 (2.45%) Grafana
5 112 (2.14%) Puppet
6 108 (2.06%) Prometheus
7 72 (1.38%) Kibana
8 53 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
9 35 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
10 29 (0.55%) ITRS Geneos
11 28 (0.53%) Oozie
12 26 (0.50%) Rancher
13 25 (0.48%) BladeLogic
14 22 (0.42%) Bosun
14 22 (0.42%) Istio
15 21 (0.40%) logstash
16 18 (0.34%) Nagios
17 17 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
17 17 (0.32%) VictorOps
18 14 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 638 (12.19%) Oracle
2 264 (5.04%) Google
3 223 (4.26%) Microsoft
4 132 (2.52%) ION Trading
5 107 (2.04%) Splunk
6 94 (1.80%) SAP
7 83 (1.59%) MuleSoft
8 77 (1.47%) IBM
9 76 (1.45%) Sybase
10 70 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
11 61 (1.17%) TIBCO
12 55 (1.05%) Adobe
13 54 (1.03%) Atlassian
14 52 (0.99%) VMware
15 50 (0.96%) Red Hat
16 42 (0.80%) Databricks
17 40 (0.76%) CA
18 39 (0.75%) hybris
19 38 (0.73%) AppDynamics
20 37 (0.71%) Solace