Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 3,136 6,151 7,706
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 17.79% 14.78% 16.55%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.67% 31.11% 33.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,420 4,508 5,872
Median daily rate £560 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.82% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £408
90th Percentile £750 £712 £713
England median daily rate £538 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 22 34
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +19.05% +15.86%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year -23.08% +5.81% +7.50%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 8,792 19,771 22,712
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.88% 47.50% 48.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,276 14,957 17,315
Median daily rate £525 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +3.34%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £358
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 103 120 201
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.41% -16.47% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25.22 £20.28 £17.99
90th Percentile £63.75 £60.80 £65.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -18.60% +3.61% +0.61%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 506 £563 +2.27% 158
South London +1 166 £500 -4.76% 14
East London 0 45 £498 -9.55% 16
West London -14 38 £525 - 46
North London +10 5 £375 -28.57% 4
Java
England

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,512 (48.21%) Agile Software Development
2 946 (30.17%) AWS
3 940 (29.97%) Finance
4 885 (28.22%) Python
5 820 (26.15%) Microservices
6 799 (25.48%) DevOps
7 738 (23.53%) Banking
8 736 (23.47%) SQL
9 687 (21.91%) Spring
10 664 (21.17%) JavaScript
11 637 (20.31%) Docker
12 623 (19.87%) Web Services
13 615 (19.61%) Kubernetes
14 584 (18.62%) Software Engineering
15 580 (18.49%) Front Office
16 571 (18.21%) TDD
17 556 (17.73%) Jenkins
18 542 (17.28%) Azure
19 468 (14.92%) Java 8
20 464 (14.80%) Test Automation
21 432 (13.78%) Fixed Income
22 431 (13.74%) Git (software)
23 426 (13.58%) AngularJS
24 417 (13.30%) Spring Boot
25 409 (13.04%) Linux
26 407 (12.98%) Investment Banking
27 396 (12.63%) Oracle
28 386 (12.31%) React
29 385 (12.28%) Security Cleared
30 364 (11.61%) Scrum

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (4.66%) Apache Spark
2 139 (4.43%) Elasticsearch
3 119 (3.79%) Confluence
4 110 (3.51%) Apache
5 90 (2.87%) WebLogic
6 71 (2.26%) Tomcat
7 55 (1.75%) JBoss
8 49 (1.56%) WebSphere
9 44 (1.40%) Red Hat Fuse
10 40 (1.28%) Apache Solr
11 32 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
11 32 (1.02%) Mule
12 29 (0.92%) SharePoint
13 25 (0.80%) MQSeries
13 25 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 20 (0.64%) CMS
15 17 (0.54%) Oracle Workflow
16 16 (0.51%) nginx
16 16 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
17 15 (0.48%) SAS
Applications
1 18 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.19%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
4 5 (0.16%) Sketch
5 4 (0.13%) RoboHelp
6 3 (0.096%) InVision
6 3 (0.096%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.064%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.064%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.032%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 12 (0.38%) ION MarketView
1 12 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 8 (0.26%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 7 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
4 6 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 3 (0.096%) BusinessWorks
6 3 (0.096%) Magento
6 3 (0.096%) Shopify
7 2 (0.064%) Maximo
7 2 (0.064%) Oracle 11i
7 2 (0.064%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.064%) Orchestrade
8 1 (0.032%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.032%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.032%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 946 (30.17%) AWS
2 542 (17.28%) Azure
3 359 (11.45%) GCP
4 198 (6.31%) Serverless
5 170 (5.42%) OpenShift
6 162 (5.17%) AWS Lambda
7 143 (4.56%) Amazon ECS
8 116 (3.70%) Amazon EC2
9 112 (3.57%) Amazon S3
10 95 (3.03%) GitHub
11 92 (2.93%) AWS CloudFormation
12 83 (2.65%) Amazon SQS
13 65 (2.07%) Apigee
14 58 (1.85%) SaaS
15 45 (1.43%) PaaS
16 31 (0.99%) IaaS
17 28 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
17 28 (0.89%) Power Platform
18 23 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 19 (0.61%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 90 (2.87%) HTTP
2 74 (2.36%) Firewall
3 67 (2.14%) SSL
4 41 (1.31%) VPN
5 39 (1.24%) HTTPS
6 38 (1.21%) Internet
7 34 (1.08%) DNS
8 27 (0.86%) WAN
9 26 (0.83%) DMZ
9 26 (0.83%) TCP/IP
10 24 (0.77%) Wireless
11 15 (0.48%) Intranet
12 14 (0.45%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.41%) FTP
14 8 (0.26%) Network Security
14 8 (0.26%) SNMP
15 7 (0.22%) RTMP
16 6 (0.19%) DHCP
17 5 (0.16%) DOCSIS
17 5 (0.16%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 278 (8.86%) SQL Server
2 216 (6.89%) NoSQL
3 201 (6.41%) MySQL
4 197 (6.28%) MongoDB
4 197 (6.28%) Relational Database
5 165 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
6 160 (5.10%) Big Data
7 131 (4.18%) Amazon Redshift
8 118 (3.76%) Amazon RDS
9 90 (2.87%) Hadoop
10 84 (2.68%) Data Warehouse
10 84 (2.68%) RDBMS
11 66 (2.10%) Apache Cassandra
12 52 (1.66%) Oracle Database
12 52 (1.66%) Redis
13 43 (1.37%) Amazon Aurora
14 32 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 29 (0.92%) Apache Hive
15 29 (0.92%) HBase
16 27 (0.86%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 556 (17.73%) Jenkins
2 431 (13.74%) Git (software)
3 251 (8.00%) Maven
4 243 (7.75%) JIRA
5 200 (6.38%) JUnit
6 163 (5.20%) Cucumber
7 151 (4.82%) GitLab
8 141 (4.50%) Artifactory
8 141 (4.50%) Selenium
9 133 (4.24%) Gradle
10 105 (3.35%) Mockito
11 104 (3.32%) RStudio
12 90 (2.87%) Subversion
13 56 (1.79%) WebDriver
14 54 (1.72%) TeamCity
15 51 (1.63%) Bitbucket
16 48 (1.53%) Ant
17 47 (1.50%) gulp
17 47 (1.50%) SoapUI
18 42 (1.34%) Postman
General
1 940 (29.97%) Finance
2 738 (23.53%) Banking
3 580 (18.49%) Front Office
4 407 (12.98%) Investment Banking
5 149 (4.75%) Public Sector
6 52 (1.66%) Back Office
7 48 (1.53%) Retail
8 43 (1.37%) Financial Institution
9 27 (0.86%) Games
10 25 (0.80%) Marketing
11 23 (0.73%) Telecoms
12 19 (0.61%) Law
12 19 (0.61%) Retail Banking
13 17 (0.54%) Publishing
14 15 (0.48%) Police
15 14 (0.45%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.35%) Local Government
17 10 (0.32%) Electronics
17 10 (0.32%) French Language
18 9 (0.29%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,952 (62.24%) Developer
2 1,280 (40.82%) Java Developer
3 282 (8.99%) AWS Developer
4 275 (8.77%) Senior Developer
5 241 (7.68%) AWS Engineer
6 212 (6.76%) Java Engineer
7 200 (6.38%) Architect
8 183 (5.84%) Software Engineer
9 172 (5.48%) DevOps Engineer
10 171 (5.45%) Senior Java Developer
11 163 (5.20%) Full Stack Developer
12 142 (4.53%) Python Developer
13 125 (3.99%) Front Office Developer
14 105 (3.35%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 102 (3.25%) Python Engineer
16 100 (3.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 95 (3.03%) Java Software Developer
18 93 (2.97%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
19 88 (2.81%) Data Engineer
20 87 (2.77%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 687 (21.91%) Spring
2 623 (19.87%) Web Services
3 426 (13.58%) AngularJS
4 417 (13.30%) Spring Boot
5 386 (12.31%) React
6 339 (10.81%) REST
7 277 (8.83%) HTML
8 244 (7.78%) Node.js
9 239 (7.62%) Kafka
10 236 (7.53%) J2EE
11 227 (7.24%) RESTful
12 207 (6.60%) .NET
13 196 (6.25%) CSS
14 159 (5.07%) XML
15 157 (5.01%) HTML5
16 153 (4.88%) Hibernate
17 146 (4.66%) SOAP
18 135 (4.30%) JSON
18 135 (4.30%) Vue.js
19 114 (3.64%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 432 (13.78%) Fixed Income
2 337 (10.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 295 (9.41%) Derivative
4 255 (8.13%) Equities
5 235 (7.49%) Hedge funds
6 177 (5.64%) Greenfield Project
7 175 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
8 126 (4.02%) User Experience
9 98 (3.13%) Mobile App
10 78 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
11 77 (2.46%) Data Structures
12 74 (2.36%) Algorithms
13 41 (1.31%) Virtual Team
14 39 (1.24%) Data Centre
15 38 (1.21%) Equity Derivative
15 38 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
16 37 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
17 36 (1.15%) Cloud Native
18 33 (1.05%) Public Cloud
19 32 (1.02%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 409 (13.04%) Linux
2 218 (6.95%) Unix
3 139 (4.43%) Windows
4 117 (3.73%) Android
5 57 (1.82%) Mac OS X
6 47 (1.50%) Apple iOS
7 37 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (0.70%) Windows Server
9 15 (0.48%) Solaris
9 15 (0.48%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (0.38%) CentOS
12 9 (0.29%) AIX
13 8 (0.26%) Debian
14 7 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
14 7 (0.22%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.096%) Windows Server 2019
16 3 (0.096%) Windows XP
16 3 (0.096%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,512 (48.21%) Agile Software Development
2 820 (26.15%) Microservices
3 799 (25.48%) DevOps
4 584 (18.62%) Software Engineering
5 571 (18.21%) TDD
6 464 (14.80%) Test Automation
7 364 (11.61%) Scrum
8 352 (11.22%) Asset Management
9 325 (10.36%) BDD
10 296 (9.44%) Continuous Integration
11 263 (8.39%) Multithreading
12 218 (6.95%) SDLC
13 203 (6.47%) Investment Management
14 201 (6.41%) Open Source
15 187 (5.96%) Problem-Solving
16 186 (5.93%) OO
17 181 (5.77%) Electronic Trading
18 178 (5.68%) Decision-Making
18 178 (5.68%) Pair Programming
19 174 (5.55%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 885 (28.22%) Python
2 736 (23.47%) SQL
3 664 (21.17%) JavaScript
4 468 (14.92%) Java 8
5 250 (7.97%) C#
6 224 (7.14%) Scala
7 197 (6.28%) Kotlin
8 162 (5.17%) C++
9 133 (4.24%) R
10 101 (3.22%) PL/SQL
11 98 (3.13%) TypeScript
12 97 (3.09%) Ruby
13 88 (2.81%) Bash Shell
14 81 (2.58%) Groovy
15 79 (2.52%) Shell Script
16 78 (2.49%) T-SQL
17 76 (2.42%) Go
18 68 (2.17%) Perl
19 61 (1.95%) PowerShell
20 53 (1.69%) C
Qualifications
1 385 (12.28%) Security Cleared
2 306 (9.76%) SC Cleared
3 161 (5.13%) Degree
4 76 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (1.66%) DV Cleared
6 25 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
7 19 (0.61%) Master's Degree
8 17 (0.54%) ISTQB
9 16 (0.51%) CISSP
10 15 (0.48%) Sun Certification
11 14 (0.45%) ISEB
12 13 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
13 11 (0.35%) DBS Check
14 10 (0.32%) SANS
15 8 (0.26%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.26%) PMI Certification
16 7 (0.22%) CCNA
16 7 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
16 7 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
17 6 (0.19%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (5.10%) QA
2 38 (1.21%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.77%) WCAG
4 18 (0.57%) GDPR
4 18 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
6 12 (0.38%) HIPAA
7 11 (0.35%) SLA
8 10 (0.32%) MiFID
9 8 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 8 (0.26%) PSD2
10 7 (0.22%) PCI DSS
11 6 (0.19%) PMO
12 3 (0.096%) Basel III
12 3 (0.096%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.096%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.096%) NCSC
13 1 (0.032%) GAMP
13 1 (0.032%) Good Clinical Practice
13 1 (0.032%) GxP
System Software
1 637 (20.31%) Docker
2 62 (1.98%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.51%) HDFS
3 16 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
5 9 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.13%) vSphere
7 3 (0.096%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.096%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.096%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.096%) OpenDJ
7 3 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.064%) Gluster
8 2 (0.064%) Samba
8 2 (0.064%) zsh
9 1 (0.032%) IAG
9 1 (0.032%) NFS
9 1 (0.032%) PowerDNS
9 1 (0.032%) vCloud
9 1 (0.032%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 615 (19.61%) Kubernetes
2 265 (8.45%) Terraform
3 173 (5.52%) Ansible
4 82 (2.61%) Puppet
5 49 (1.56%) Kibana
5 49 (1.56%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (1.56%) Prometheus
6 38 (1.21%) logstash
7 27 (0.86%) Grafana
8 22 (0.70%) Zipkin
9 21 (0.67%) Nagios
10 15 (0.48%) Packer
11 13 (0.41%) Data Guard
11 13 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
12 12 (0.38%) Oozie
13 11 (0.35%) Consul
13 11 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
14 10 (0.32%) SCCM
15 9 (0.29%) FortiGate
16 8 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 396 (12.63%) Oracle
2 226 (7.21%) Google
3 108 (3.44%) Microsoft
4 79 (2.52%) Sybase
5 78 (2.49%) Splunk
6 68 (2.17%) MuleSoft
7 66 (2.10%) SAP
8 59 (1.88%) Red Hat
9 43 (1.37%) IBM
10 40 (1.28%) Bloomberg
10 40 (1.28%) ION Trading
10 40 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
11 35 (1.12%) Cloudera
12 34 (1.08%) Axway
13 29 (0.92%) Databricks
14 24 (0.77%) HP
15 23 (0.73%) Atlassian
15 23 (0.73%) Cisco
16 22 (0.70%) Informatica
16 22 (0.70%) TIBCO