Period
to 24 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
24 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 7,778 5,979 6,213
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.87% 15.04% 14.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.84% 32.85% 32.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,948 4,444 4,642
London median daily rate £550 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £408 £375 £358
90th Percentile £713 £675 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 19 23
London median hourly rate £26.78 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.50% -12.50% -
10th Percentile £21.25 £26.87 £19.50
90th Percentile £90.50 £124.00 £100.00
England median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +5.26%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,322 18,199 18,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.42% 45.77% 42.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,030 13,552 14,144
London median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £356 £325 £306
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 213 122 120
London median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +69.23% -10.34%
10th Percentile £17.57 £18.08 £14.11
90th Percentile £53.75 £57.35 £53.88
England median hourly rate £40.00 £41.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -2.44% +5.81% +10.71%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 24 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,797 £550 +1.38% 440
South London +1 387 £539 +11.37% 29
West London +5 291 £525 +16.67% 249
East London 0 126 £550 -4.35% 74
North London +3 20 £488 -2.50% 14
Java
England

For the 6 months to 24 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,690 (47.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,912 (24.58%) TDD
3 1,905 (24.49%) Finance
4 1,683 (21.64%) Spring
5 1,568 (20.16%) Amazon AWS
6 1,563 (20.10%) DevOps
7 1,560 (20.06%) JavaScript
8 1,486 (19.11%) Python
9 1,439 (18.50%) Linux
10 1,421 (18.27%) Banking
11 1,399 (17.99%) SQL
12 1,369 (17.60%) Jenkins
13 1,350 (17.36%) Java 8
14 1,285 (16.52%) Microservices
15 1,245 (16.01%) Git (software)
16 1,238 (15.92%) Test Automation
17 1,203 (15.47%) REST
18 1,189 (15.29%) Web Services
19 1,142 (14.68%) Docker
20 1,140 (14.66%) Scrum
21 1,111 (14.28%) BDD
22 1,105 (14.21%) Continuous Integration
23 981 (12.61%) Unix
24 953 (12.25%) RESTful
25 900 (11.57%) Maven
26 846 (10.88%) HTML
27 826 (10.62%) Scala
28 814 (10.47%) NoSQL
29 812 (10.44%) AngularJS
29 812 (10.44%) Oracle

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 496 (6.38%) Tomcat
2 421 (5.41%) Confluence
3 400 (5.14%) Apache Spark
4 399 (5.13%) Apache
5 360 (4.63%) Elasticsearch
6 305 (3.92%) WebSphere
7 216 (2.78%) JBoss
8 149 (1.92%) WebLogic
9 139 (1.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 118 (1.52%) OpenStack
11 108 (1.39%) Mule
12 97 (1.25%) nginx
13 95 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
14 83 (1.07%) Apache Solr
15 82 (1.05%) CMS
16 73 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 68 (0.87%) MQSeries
18 59 (0.76%) Jetty
19 53 (0.68%) WildFly
20 46 (0.59%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 61 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (0.44%) MS Visio
3 23 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.15%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.10%) Stata
7 7 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.090%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.090%) OmniGraffle
8 4 (0.051%) GIMP
8 4 (0.051%) HipChat
8 4 (0.051%) SPSS
9 3 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.026%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.013%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 67 (0.86%) ION MarketView
2 39 (0.50%) Payment Gateway
3 21 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
4 19 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
5 18 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 11 (0.14%) Actimize
6 11 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
7 10 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
7 10 (0.13%) R3 Corda
7 10 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 8 (0.10%) Kondor
9 7 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
9 7 (0.090%) Magento
10 5 (0.064%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.051%) Global One
11 4 (0.051%) Markit EDM
11 4 (0.051%) Oracle ERP
11 4 (0.051%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 4 (0.051%) Summit
12 3 (0.039%) Sophis RISQUE
Cloud Services
1 1,568 (20.16%) Amazon AWS
2 461 (5.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 203 (2.61%) GitHub
4 198 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
4 198 (2.55%) Amazon S3
5 161 (2.07%) Google Cloud Platform
6 152 (1.95%) Serverless
7 136 (1.75%) PaaS
8 118 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
9 102 (1.31%) IaaS
10 91 (1.17%) npm
11 79 (1.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 77 (0.99%) SaaS
13 75 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
14 72 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
15 64 (0.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 59 (0.76%) OpenShift
17 51 (0.66%) Heroku
18 48 (0.62%) Route 53
19 45 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 332 (4.27%) HTTP
2 191 (2.46%) TCP/IP
3 113 (1.45%) DNS
4 101 (1.30%) Internet
5 98 (1.26%) SSL
6 88 (1.13%) FTP
7 73 (0.94%) Firewall
8 48 (0.62%) Kerberos
9 47 (0.60%) SMS
9 47 (0.60%) VPN
10 42 (0.54%) DHCP
11 30 (0.39%) IPsec
12 27 (0.35%) SSH
13 25 (0.32%) Network Security
14 21 (0.27%) WAN
15 20 (0.26%) LAN
16 19 (0.24%) SMTP
17 16 (0.21%) BIG-IP
17 16 (0.21%) FIX Connectivity
18 13 (0.17%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 814 (10.47%) NoSQL
2 665 (8.55%) Relational Database
3 604 (7.77%) Big Data
4 531 (6.83%) MongoDB
5 525 (6.75%) Hadoop
6 488 (6.27%) PostgreSQL
7 484 (6.22%) MySQL
8 408 (5.25%) SQL Server
9 302 (3.88%) Apache Cassandra
10 279 (3.59%) RDBMS
11 206 (2.65%) HBase
12 167 (2.15%) Redis
13 163 (2.10%) Apache Hive
14 127 (1.63%) Oracle Database
15 126 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
16 112 (1.44%) Amazon RDS
17 107 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 104 (1.34%) Blockchain
19 100 (1.29%) DB2
20 97 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,369 (17.60%) Jenkins
2 1,245 (16.01%) Git (software)
3 900 (11.57%) Maven
4 678 (8.72%) JIRA
5 581 (7.47%) JUnit
6 559 (7.19%) Cucumber
7 540 (6.94%) Selenium
8 351 (4.51%) Mockito
9 288 (3.70%) Gradle
10 238 (3.06%) Subversion
11 175 (2.25%) SonarQube
12 162 (2.08%) TeamCity
13 160 (2.06%) WebDriver
14 133 (1.71%) Sonatype Nexus
15 124 (1.59%) Ant
15 124 (1.59%) Eclipse
16 116 (1.49%) NUnit
17 109 (1.40%) JMeter
18 100 (1.29%) IntelliJ
19 98 (1.26%) gulp
General
1 1,905 (24.49%) Finance
2 1,421 (18.27%) Banking
3 651 (8.37%) Front Office
4 523 (6.72%) Investment Banking
5 263 (3.38%) Retail
6 174 (2.24%) Games
7 139 (1.79%) Telecoms
8 114 (1.47%) Financial Institution
9 113 (1.45%) Marketing
10 73 (0.94%) Publishing
11 66 (0.85%) Retail Banking
12 65 (0.84%) Back Office
13 64 (0.82%) Advertising
14 63 (0.81%) Law
15 44 (0.57%) Legal
16 34 (0.44%) Manufacturing
17 22 (0.28%) Electronics
18 11 (0.14%) Automotive
18 11 (0.14%) French Language
19 10 (0.13%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 4,713 (60.59%) Developer
2 3,139 (40.36%) Java Developer
3 938 (12.06%) Senior Developer
4 726 (9.33%) Senior Java Developer
5 550 (7.07%) DevOps Engineer
6 472 (6.07%) Architect
7 386 (4.96%) Java Engineer
8 260 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
9 257 (3.30%) Analyst
10 255 (3.28%) AWS Engineer
11 234 (3.01%) Agile Developer
12 217 (2.79%) AWS DevOps
13 209 (2.69%) Software Engineer
14 204 (2.62%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 202 (2.60%) Scala Developer
16 194 (2.49%) Agile Java Developer
17 191 (2.46%) Data Engineer
18 184 (2.37%) AWS Developer
19 183 (2.35%) Consultant
20 179 (2.30%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,683 (21.64%) Spring
2 1,203 (15.47%) REST
3 1,189 (15.29%) Web Services
4 953 (12.25%) RESTful
5 846 (10.88%) HTML
6 812 (10.44%) AngularJS
7 801 (10.30%) Node.js
8 645 (8.29%) Hibernate
9 584 (7.51%) Kafka
10 578 (7.43%) CSS
10 578 (7.43%) XML
11 574 (7.38%) Spring Boot
12 546 (7.02%) JSON
13 528 (6.79%) J2EE
14 527 (6.78%) React
15 498 (6.40%) SOAP
16 452 (5.81%) HTML5
17 441 (5.67%) .NET
18 398 (5.12%) JMS
19 262 (3.37%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 494 (6.35%) Greenfield Project
2 437 (5.62%) Analytical Skills
3 435 (5.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 364 (4.68%) Computer Science
5 251 (3.23%) Fintech
6 249 (3.20%) Mobile App
7 248 (3.19%) Derivative
8 234 (3.01%) User Experience
9 212 (2.73%) Algorithms
10 181 (2.33%) Fixed Income
11 169 (2.17%) Equities
12 151 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
13 144 (1.85%) Data Structures
14 136 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
15 122 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
16 97 (1.25%) Equity Derivative
17 89 (1.14%) Public Cloud
18 84 (1.08%) Hedge funds
19 78 (1.00%) Virtual Team
20 74 (0.95%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,439 (18.50%) Linux
2 981 (12.61%) Unix
3 336 (4.32%) Android
4 313 (4.02%) Windows
5 186 (2.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 175 (2.25%) Apple iOS
7 102 (1.31%) CentOS
8 87 (1.12%) Mac OS X
9 83 (1.07%) Windows Server
10 58 (0.75%) Solaris
11 48 (0.62%) VMS
12 47 (0.60%) Ubuntu
13 23 (0.30%) AIX
13 23 (0.30%) HPUX
14 14 (0.18%) Debian
14 14 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
15 11 (0.14%) Windows 7
16 9 (0.12%) Windows 10
17 8 (0.10%) Mac OS
18 6 (0.077%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,690 (47.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,912 (24.58%) TDD
3 1,563 (20.10%) DevOps
4 1,285 (16.52%) Microservices
5 1,238 (15.92%) Test Automation
6 1,140 (14.66%) Scrum
7 1,111 (14.28%) BDD
8 1,105 (14.21%) Continuous Integration
9 779 (10.02%) OO
10 690 (8.87%) Software Engineering
11 617 (7.93%) Multithreading
12 611 (7.86%) E-Commerce
13 569 (7.32%) Open Source
14 546 (7.02%) Problem-Solving
15 523 (6.72%) Low Latency
16 482 (6.20%) MVC
17 468 (6.02%) Kanban
18 462 (5.94%) Electronic Trading
19 455 (5.85%) Continuous Delivery
20 407 (5.23%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,560 (20.06%) JavaScript
2 1,486 (19.11%) Python
3 1,399 (17.99%) SQL
4 1,350 (17.36%) Java 8
5 826 (10.62%) Scala
6 588 (7.56%) C#
7 521 (6.70%) Ruby
8 462 (5.94%) C++
9 354 (4.55%) Bash Shell
10 320 (4.11%) Groovy
11 311 (4.00%) Perl
12 213 (2.74%) Shell Script
13 212 (2.73%) PHP
14 190 (2.44%) C
15 152 (1.95%) PL/SQL
16 148 (1.90%) Go
17 137 (1.76%) Kotlin
18 125 (1.61%) ES6
19 118 (1.52%) TypeScript
20 113 (1.45%) R
Qualifications
1 652 (8.38%) Security Cleared
2 461 (5.93%) Degree
3 458 (5.89%) SC Cleared
4 192 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 121 (1.56%) DV Cleared
6 65 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
7 55 (0.71%) Master's Degree
8 54 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
9 48 (0.62%) PhD
10 35 (0.45%) ISTQB
11 34 (0.44%) ISEB
12 28 (0.36%) AWS Certification
13 16 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
14 15 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
15 13 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
15 13 (0.17%) DBS Check
16 9 (0.12%) CREST Certified
16 9 (0.12%) Siebel Certification
17 8 (0.10%) CCSP
18 7 (0.090%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 483 (6.21%) QA
2 64 (0.82%) GCP
3 48 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 45 (0.58%) MiFID
5 38 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
6 27 (0.35%) GDPR
7 24 (0.31%) SEPA
8 22 (0.28%) EMIR
8 22 (0.28%) PCI DSS
9 20 (0.26%) SLA
10 16 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
11 8 (0.10%) GAAP
11 8 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 8 (0.10%) PSD2
12 6 (0.077%) PMO
12 6 (0.077%) WCAG
13 5 (0.064%) IFRS
13 5 (0.064%) IFRS 9
14 4 (0.051%) HL7
15 3 (0.039%) FATCA
System Software
1 1,142 (14.68%) Docker
2 113 (1.45%) HDFS
3 73 (0.94%) Active Directory
4 59 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
5 52 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
6 37 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 32 (0.41%) Apache Flume
8 22 (0.28%) vSphere
9 19 (0.24%) OpenAM
10 14 (0.18%) VirtualBox
10 14 (0.18%) Xen
11 12 (0.15%) KVM
11 12 (0.15%) vCloud
12 8 (0.10%) etcd
12 8 (0.10%) Varnish
13 6 (0.077%) flannel
13 6 (0.077%) OpenIDM
13 6 (0.077%) Squid
14 5 (0.064%) Firmware
14 5 (0.064%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 673 (8.65%) Ansible
2 529 (6.80%) Puppet
3 497 (6.39%) Kubernetes
4 407 (5.23%) Opscode Chef
5 379 (4.87%) Terraform
6 123 (1.58%) Kibana
7 109 (1.40%) logstash
8 80 (1.03%) Mesos
9 71 (0.91%) Grafana
10 62 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
11 59 (0.76%) Consul
12 54 (0.69%) Packer
13 52 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
14 49 (0.63%) Oozie
15 46 (0.59%) ZABBIX
16 41 (0.53%) Salt
17 40 (0.51%) Nagios
17 40 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
18 36 (0.46%) Rancher
19 33 (0.42%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 812 (10.44%) Oracle
2 242 (3.11%) Splunk
3 225 (2.89%) Google
4 220 (2.83%) Microsoft
5 194 (2.49%) Sybase
6 190 (2.44%) IBM
7 155 (1.99%) Red Hat
8 150 (1.93%) Adobe
9 145 (1.86%) TIBCO
10 124 (1.59%) AppDynamics
10 124 (1.59%) MuleSoft
11 100 (1.29%) Atlassian
12 95 (1.22%) hybris
13 88 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
14 87 (1.12%) VMware
15 85 (1.09%) Cloudera
16 76 (0.98%) ION Trading
17 72 (0.93%) Hortonworks
18 63 (0.81%) SAP
19 59 (0.76%) New Relic