Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 7,781 7,840 6,463
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.97% 17.68% 14.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.77% 36.69% 32.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,807 5,805 4,868
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £413 £400 £358
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
England median daily rate £510 £500 £465
% change year-on-year +2.00% +7.53% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 27 22
London median hourly rate £50.00 £29.00 £37.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.41% -22.94% +0.35%
10th Percentile £13.10 £26.08 £13.68
90th Percentile £100.75 £41.75 £56.18
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% +11.11% -10.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,042 21,367 19,833
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.26% 48.17% 44.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,550 15,971 14,952
London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £338 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £631
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 147 150 109
London median hourly rate £39.00 £35.91 £30.94
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.62% +16.07% +17.07%
10th Percentile £18.00 £17.20 £14.00
90th Percentile £62.68 £52.05 £57.01
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.31% +6.67% +2.74%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,544 £550 - 581
South London -2 505 £525 - 34
West London +6 307 £525 +3.19% 229
East London -1 163 £550 - 99
North London -6 13 £613 +58.06% 22
Java
England

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,760 (48.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,940 (24.93%) Spring
3 1,937 (24.89%) TDD
4 1,745 (22.43%) Finance
5 1,675 (21.53%) JavaScript
6 1,674 (21.51%) Amazon AWS
7 1,659 (21.32%) DevOps
8 1,589 (20.42%) Microservices
9 1,525 (19.60%) Java 8
10 1,494 (19.20%) Jenkins
11 1,435 (18.44%) Docker
12 1,430 (18.38%) Test Automation
13 1,369 (17.59%) Git (software)
14 1,338 (17.20%) SQL
15 1,335 (17.16%) Python
16 1,297 (16.67%) Banking
17 1,218 (15.65%) Linux
18 1,208 (15.52%) Scrum
19 1,140 (14.65%) Continuous Integration
20 1,128 (14.50%) BDD
21 1,108 (14.24%) REST
22 1,107 (14.23%) Maven
23 1,029 (13.22%) Web Services
24 950 (12.21%) HTML
25 895 (11.50%) Spring Boot
26 875 (11.25%) RESTful
27 835 (10.73%) AngularJS
28 808 (10.38%) OO
29 794 (10.20%) Unix
30 790 (10.15%) Oracle

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 418 (5.37%) Apache Spark
2 408 (5.24%) Confluence
3 395 (5.08%) Apache
4 366 (4.70%) Elasticsearch
5 365 (4.69%) Tomcat
6 275 (3.53%) WebSphere
7 176 (2.26%) WebLogic
8 141 (1.81%) JBoss
9 107 (1.38%) OpenStack
10 103 (1.32%) Mule
11 89 (1.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 86 (1.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 86 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
13 85 (1.09%) Apache Solr
13 85 (1.09%) CMS
14 71 (0.91%) nginx
14 71 (0.91%) WildFly
15 64 (0.82%) Jetty
16 45 (0.58%) IIS
17 31 (0.40%) SAS
Applications
1 53 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (0.49%) Photoshop
3 20 (0.26%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
6 8 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.090%) Fireworks
8 6 (0.077%) GIMP
9 5 (0.064%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.039%) Stata
11 2 (0.026%) HipChat
11 2 (0.026%) InVision
12 1 (0.013%) Acrobat
12 1 (0.013%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.013%) GNU Octave
12 1 (0.013%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.013%) RoboHelp
12 1 (0.013%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 74 (0.95%) ION MarketView
2 25 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
3 21 (0.27%) Actimize
4 17 (0.22%) Maximo
5 12 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
6 11 (0.14%) Endur
6 11 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
7 10 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 10 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 9 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
9 8 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
10 7 (0.090%) Oracle Retail
11 5 (0.064%) Global One
11 5 (0.064%) Markit EDM
11 5 (0.064%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 4 (0.051%) Fredhopper
12 4 (0.051%) Oracle Applications
12 4 (0.051%) Oracle EBS
13 3 (0.039%) Kondor
13 3 (0.039%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,674 (21.51%) Amazon AWS
2 508 (6.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 297 (3.82%) GitHub
4 220 (2.83%) Amazon EC2
5 215 (2.76%) Amazon S3
6 192 (2.47%) Serverless
7 183 (2.35%) Google Cloud Platform
8 155 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
9 124 (1.59%) PaaS
10 97 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
11 90 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
12 79 (1.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 72 (0.93%) OpenShift
14 66 (0.85%) IaaS
15 59 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 59 (0.76%) npm
15 59 (0.76%) SaaS
16 53 (0.68%) Amazon Kinesis
17 48 (0.62%) Amazon EMR
18 47 (0.60%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 268 (3.44%) HTTP
2 120 (1.54%) TCP/IP
3 112 (1.44%) SSL
4 91 (1.17%) DNS
5 80 (1.03%) Kerberos
6 69 (0.89%) FTP
7 62 (0.80%) Internet
8 59 (0.76%) Firewall
9 29 (0.37%) AMQP
10 28 (0.36%) SMS
11 22 (0.28%) SSH
12 20 (0.26%) HTTPS
13 19 (0.24%) DHCP
14 17 (0.22%) FIX Connectivity
15 16 (0.21%) IPsec
16 15 (0.19%) Network Security
16 15 (0.19%) VPN
17 13 (0.17%) OpenLDAP
18 11 (0.14%) BIG-IP
18 11 (0.14%) RTMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 750 (9.64%) NoSQL
2 685 (8.80%) Relational Database
3 593 (7.62%) Big Data
4 576 (7.40%) MongoDB
5 517 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
6 478 (6.14%) MySQL
7 471 (6.05%) Hadoop
8 369 (4.74%) SQL Server
9 296 (3.80%) Apache Cassandra
10 258 (3.32%) RDBMS
11 208 (2.67%) HBase
12 202 (2.60%) Apache Hive
13 137 (1.76%) Redis
14 123 (1.58%) Oracle Database
15 113 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
16 98 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
17 88 (1.13%) Amazon Redshift
18 86 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 64 (0.82%) Blockchain
20 60 (0.77%) KDB
Development Applications
1 1,494 (19.20%) Jenkins
2 1,369 (17.59%) Git (software)
3 1,107 (14.23%) Maven
4 712 (9.15%) Selenium
5 656 (8.43%) JIRA
6 651 (8.37%) Cucumber
7 559 (7.18%) JUnit
8 343 (4.41%) Gradle
9 303 (3.89%) Mockito
10 232 (2.98%) Subversion
11 215 (2.76%) WebDriver
12 182 (2.34%) TeamCity
13 171 (2.20%) SonarQube
14 149 (1.91%) JMeter
15 142 (1.82%) Bitbucket
16 132 (1.70%) GitLab
16 132 (1.70%) Vagrant
17 131 (1.68%) Ant
18 130 (1.67%) Sonatype Nexus
19 128 (1.65%) Eclipse
General
1 1,745 (22.43%) Finance
2 1,297 (16.67%) Banking
3 669 (8.60%) Front Office
4 412 (5.29%) Investment Banking
5 316 (4.06%) Retail
6 137 (1.76%) Games
7 130 (1.67%) Telecoms
8 119 (1.53%) Financial Institution
9 108 (1.39%) Back Office
10 107 (1.38%) Advertising
11 91 (1.17%) Marketing
12 72 (0.93%) Publishing
13 40 (0.51%) Legal
14 34 (0.44%) Retail Banking
15 29 (0.37%) Law
16 23 (0.30%) Automotive
17 19 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
18 16 (0.21%) General Ledger
19 15 (0.19%) Manufacturing
20 13 (0.17%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 4,734 (60.84%) Developer
2 3,267 (41.99%) Java Developer
3 798 (10.26%) Senior Developer
4 618 (7.94%) Senior Java Developer
5 510 (6.55%) DevOps Engineer
6 473 (6.08%) Java Engineer
7 456 (5.86%) Architect
8 340 (4.37%) Full Stack Developer
9 283 (3.64%) Software Engineer
10 249 (3.20%) AWS Engineer
11 215 (2.76%) Lead Developer
12 214 (2.75%) Data Engineer
13 211 (2.71%) Analyst
14 208 (2.67%) Tester
15 188 (2.42%) AWS DevOps
16 173 (2.22%) Angular Developer
16 173 (2.22%) Lead Java Developer
17 167 (2.15%) AWS Developer
18 165 (2.12%) JavaScript Developer
19 164 (2.11%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,940 (24.93%) Spring
2 1,108 (14.24%) REST
3 1,029 (13.22%) Web Services
4 950 (12.21%) HTML
5 895 (11.50%) Spring Boot
6 875 (11.25%) RESTful
7 835 (10.73%) AngularJS
8 717 (9.21%) Kafka
9 709 (9.11%) Node.js
10 654 (8.41%) CSS
11 619 (7.96%) React
12 614 (7.89%) Hibernate
13 557 (7.16%) J2EE
14 486 (6.25%) XML
15 461 (5.92%) HTML5
16 439 (5.64%) JSON
17 426 (5.47%) .NET
18 408 (5.24%) SOAP
19 331 (4.25%) JMS
20 308 (3.96%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 538 (6.91%) Greenfield Project
2 382 (4.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 348 (4.47%) Analytical Skills
4 337 (4.33%) Computer Science
5 313 (4.02%) Fintech
6 289 (3.71%) Fixed Income
7 266 (3.42%) Mobile App
8 253 (3.25%) User Experience
9 242 (3.11%) Derivative
10 228 (2.93%) Equities
11 224 (2.88%) Algorithms
12 161 (2.07%) Data Structures
13 134 (1.72%) Linux Command Line
14 109 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
15 104 (1.34%) Public Cloud
16 86 (1.11%) Equity Derivative
17 85 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
18 83 (1.07%) Hedge funds
19 62 (0.80%) Cloud Native
20 59 (0.76%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,218 (15.65%) Linux
2 794 (10.20%) Unix
3 312 (4.01%) Android
4 234 (3.01%) Windows
5 206 (2.65%) Apple iOS
6 110 (1.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 98 (1.26%) CentOS
8 81 (1.04%) Ubuntu
9 60 (0.77%) VMS
10 52 (0.67%) Windows Server
11 34 (0.44%) Mac OS X
12 31 (0.40%) Solaris
13 22 (0.28%) Debian
14 18 (0.23%) Fedora
15 9 (0.12%) AIX
16 7 (0.090%) CoreOS
17 6 (0.077%) Oracle Linux
17 6 (0.077%) Windows Server 2008
18 5 (0.064%) Mac OS
18 5 (0.064%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,760 (48.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,937 (24.89%) TDD
3 1,659 (21.32%) DevOps
4 1,589 (20.42%) Microservices
5 1,430 (18.38%) Test Automation
6 1,208 (15.52%) Scrum
7 1,140 (14.65%) Continuous Integration
8 1,128 (14.50%) BDD
9 808 (10.38%) OO
10 666 (8.56%) Software Engineering
11 622 (7.99%) Open Source
12 596 (7.66%) Multithreading
13 533 (6.85%) E-Commerce
14 527 (6.77%) Problem-Solving
15 488 (6.27%) Low Latency
16 454 (5.83%) Kanban
17 420 (5.40%) SDLC
18 401 (5.15%) Pair Programming
19 397 (5.10%) Continuous Delivery
20 367 (4.72%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,675 (21.53%) JavaScript
2 1,525 (19.60%) Java 8
3 1,338 (17.20%) SQL
4 1,335 (17.16%) Python
5 707 (9.09%) Scala
6 594 (7.63%) C#
7 495 (6.36%) C++
8 370 (4.76%) Ruby
9 266 (3.42%) Bash Shell
10 263 (3.38%) Groovy
11 229 (2.94%) Perl
12 204 (2.62%) Go
13 186 (2.39%) ES6
14 185 (2.38%) Shell Script
15 175 (2.25%) TypeScript
16 163 (2.09%) Kotlin
17 155 (1.99%) C
18 146 (1.88%) PHP
19 137 (1.76%) PL/SQL
20 89 (1.14%) R
Qualifications
1 588 (7.56%) Security Cleared
2 485 (6.23%) SC Cleared
3 400 (5.14%) Degree
4 179 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (0.60%) ISTQB
6 46 (0.59%) ISEB
6 46 (0.59%) Master's Degree
7 42 (0.54%) AWS Certification
8 39 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
9 37 (0.48%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
11 13 (0.17%) PhD
12 11 (0.14%) CISSP
13 10 (0.13%) Sun Certification
14 7 (0.090%) A+ Certification
14 7 (0.090%) OCPJP
14 7 (0.090%) Siebel Certification
15 6 (0.077%) CISM
15 6 (0.077%) CTC Cleared
15 6 (0.077%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 445 (5.72%) QA
2 81 (1.04%) GCP
3 37 (0.48%) Data Quality
4 23 (0.30%) GDPR
5 21 (0.27%) PSD2
6 17 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 16 (0.21%) SLA
8 9 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 9 (0.12%) PMO
9 8 (0.10%) ISO 20022
9 8 (0.10%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.090%) EMIR
10 7 (0.090%) SEPA
11 5 (0.064%) Dodd-Frank
11 5 (0.064%) ISO 8583
12 4 (0.051%) MiFID
13 3 (0.039%) WAI
14 2 (0.026%) WCAG
15 1 (0.013%) HL7
15 1 (0.013%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,435 (18.44%) Docker
2 111 (1.43%) HDFS
3 77 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
5 41 (0.53%) Active Directory
6 34 (0.44%) vSphere
7 32 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 25 (0.32%) VirtualBox
9 22 (0.28%) OpenAM
10 19 (0.24%) Apache Flume
11 16 (0.21%) Hyper-V
11 16 (0.21%) KVM
12 15 (0.19%) Xen
13 12 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
14 10 (0.13%) Postfix
15 9 (0.12%) Squid
16 8 (0.10%) vCloud
17 6 (0.077%) LXC
18 5 (0.064%) etcd
18 5 (0.064%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 731 (9.39%) Kubernetes
2 648 (8.33%) Ansible
3 486 (6.25%) Terraform
4 475 (6.10%) Puppet
5 345 (4.43%) Opscode Chef
6 124 (1.59%) Kibana
7 114 (1.47%) Mesos
8 109 (1.40%) logstash
9 86 (1.11%) Packer
10 77 (0.99%) Nagios
11 72 (0.93%) Hadoop YARN
12 67 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
13 62 (0.80%) ZABBIX
14 59 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
15 55 (0.71%) Oozie
16 54 (0.69%) Grafana
17 51 (0.66%) Prometheus
18 48 (0.62%) Marathon
19 47 (0.60%) Salt
20 43 (0.55%) Consul
Vendors
1 790 (10.15%) Oracle
2 250 (3.21%) Google
3 217 (2.79%) Microsoft
4 161 (2.07%) IBM
5 137 (1.76%) Splunk
6 134 (1.72%) TIBCO
7 129 (1.66%) Adobe
8 121 (1.56%) MuleSoft
9 115 (1.48%) hybris
10 111 (1.43%) Sybase
11 107 (1.38%) Atlassian
12 103 (1.32%) AppDynamics
13 102 (1.31%) VMware
14 101 (1.30%) Red Hat
15 99 (1.27%) SAP
16 75 (0.96%) ION Trading
17 73 (0.94%) Tableau
18 72 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
19 69 (0.89%) New Relic
20 68 (0.87%) Apigee