Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 8,236 6,215 6,068
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.86% 14.86% 13.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.94% 32.64% 31.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,361 4,658 4,451
London median daily rate £550 £508 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.37% +1.50% +4.17%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £663 £675
England median daily rate £506 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +6.53% +1.06% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 32 40
London median hourly rate £29.00 £43.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.33% +16.00% -
10th Percentile £25.41 £15.83 £13.50
90th Percentile £79.50 £57.44 £64.00
England median hourly rate £40.15 £39.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.65% -1.25% +8.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,298 19,041 19,188
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.36% 45.52% 43.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,123 14,213 14,354
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £305
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
England median daily rate £475 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +11.76% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 126 130
London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £29.64
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +34.95% +2.21%
10th Percentile £18.45 £16.29 £14.00
90th Percentile £57.75 £65.00 £52.50
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,743 £550 +4.76% 543
South London +4 506 £525 +16.34% 18
West London +6 273 £525 +23.53% 232
East London 0 165 £575 +8.24% 46
North London +7 20 £444 -11.25% 26
Java
England

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,909 (47.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,173 (26.38%) Finance
3 2,062 (25.04%) TDD
4 1,788 (21.71%) Spring
5 1,766 (21.44%) JavaScript
6 1,742 (21.15%) Banking
7 1,624 (19.72%) Python
8 1,621 (19.68%) SQL
9 1,549 (18.81%) DevOps
10 1,523 (18.49%) Linux
11 1,503 (18.25%) Amazon AWS
12 1,380 (16.76%) Jenkins
13 1,328 (16.12%) Web Services
14 1,293 (15.70%) Continuous Integration
15 1,286 (15.61%) Microservices
16 1,274 (15.47%) Test Automation
17 1,256 (15.25%) REST
18 1,231 (14.95%) Git (software)
19 1,207 (14.66%) BDD
20 1,162 (14.11%) Docker
20 1,162 (14.11%) Scrum
21 1,082 (13.14%) Unix
22 1,053 (12.79%) HTML
23 991 (12.03%) Oracle
24 915 (11.11%) AngularJS
25 914 (11.10%) RESTful
26 909 (11.04%) Maven
27 850 (10.32%) OO
28 831 (10.09%) Front Office
29 824 (10.00%) NoSQL

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 539 (6.54%) Tomcat
2 504 (6.12%) Apache Spark
3 464 (5.63%) Confluence
4 396 (4.81%) Apache
5 328 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
6 269 (3.27%) JBoss
6 269 (3.27%) WebSphere
7 172 (2.09%) WebLogic
8 153 (1.86%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 140 (1.70%) OpenStack
10 107 (1.30%) Apache Solr
11 101 (1.23%) nginx
12 93 (1.13%) CMS
13 91 (1.10%) Mule
14 87 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 87 (1.06%) WildFly
15 86 (1.04%) Cloud Foundry
16 72 (0.87%) Jetty
17 51 (0.62%) MQSeries
18 45 (0.55%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 74 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.29%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
5 11 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 11 (0.13%) HipChat
5 11 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
6 9 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.097%) Chatbot
7 8 (0.097%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.097%) SPSS
8 3 (0.036%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.036%) SmartSuite
9 2 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.024%) Mingle
10 1 (0.012%) Doxygen
10 1 (0.012%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 86 (1.04%) ION MarketView
2 37 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
3 23 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
3 23 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
4 18 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
5 17 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 13 (0.16%) R3 Corda
7 10 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
7 10 (0.12%) Kondor
8 9 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 8 (0.097%) Actimize
9 8 (0.097%) Magento
9 8 (0.097%) Oracle Cash Management
9 8 (0.097%) RMDS
10 7 (0.085%) Oracle Retail
10 7 (0.085%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 6 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
12 4 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
12 4 (0.049%) Loan IQ
12 4 (0.049%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 1,503 (18.25%) Amazon AWS
2 378 (4.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 234 (2.84%) GitHub
4 190 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
5 182 (2.21%) Amazon S3
6 134 (1.63%) PaaS
7 127 (1.54%) Serverless
8 114 (1.38%) Google Cloud Platform
9 101 (1.23%) npm
10 87 (1.06%) IaaS
11 84 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
12 81 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
13 73 (0.89%) SaaS
14 61 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
15 59 (0.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 56 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
17 55 (0.67%) OpenShift
18 53 (0.64%) IBM Cloud
19 52 (0.63%) Bluemix
20 43 (0.52%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 255 (3.10%) HTTP
2 196 (2.38%) TCP/IP
3 163 (1.98%) Internet
4 100 (1.21%) Firewall
5 83 (1.01%) Kerberos
6 81 (0.98%) DNS
7 76 (0.92%) SSL
8 61 (0.74%) FTP
9 47 (0.57%) VPN
10 43 (0.52%) Network Security
11 39 (0.47%) SMS
12 36 (0.44%) LAN
13 32 (0.39%) BIG-IP
13 32 (0.39%) FIX Connectivity
14 31 (0.38%) DHCP
15 24 (0.29%) SSH
16 23 (0.28%) IPsec
17 20 (0.24%) HTTPS
17 20 (0.24%) Wireless
18 18 (0.22%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 824 (10.00%) NoSQL
2 718 (8.72%) Big Data
3 676 (8.21%) Hadoop
4 653 (7.93%) Relational Database
5 546 (6.63%) PostgreSQL
6 521 (6.33%) MongoDB
7 496 (6.02%) MySQL
8 480 (5.83%) SQL Server
9 341 (4.14%) RDBMS
10 291 (3.53%) Apache Cassandra
11 268 (3.25%) HBase
12 215 (2.61%) Apache Hive
13 157 (1.91%) Oracle Database
14 146 (1.77%) Redis
15 104 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
16 99 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 88 (1.07%) DB2
18 84 (1.02%) Amazon RDS
19 83 (1.01%) KDB
20 63 (0.76%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,380 (16.76%) Jenkins
2 1,231 (14.95%) Git (software)
3 909 (11.04%) Maven
4 785 (9.53%) JIRA
5 599 (7.27%) JUnit
6 572 (6.95%) Cucumber
7 549 (6.67%) Selenium
8 392 (4.76%) Mockito
9 296 (3.59%) Subversion
10 279 (3.39%) Gradle
11 223 (2.71%) TeamCity
12 171 (2.08%) WebDriver
13 166 (2.02%) SonarQube
14 162 (1.97%) IntelliJ
15 158 (1.92%) Ant
16 155 (1.88%) Sonatype Nexus
17 145 (1.76%) Eclipse
18 136 (1.65%) NUnit
19 112 (1.36%) Vagrant
20 109 (1.32%) Jasmine
General
1 2,173 (26.38%) Finance
2 1,742 (21.15%) Banking
3 831 (10.09%) Front Office
4 727 (8.83%) Investment Banking
5 241 (2.93%) Retail
6 194 (2.36%) Games
7 173 (2.10%) Marketing
8 151 (1.83%) Telecoms
9 127 (1.54%) Financial Institution
10 83 (1.01%) Retail Banking
11 74 (0.90%) Back Office
12 63 (0.76%) Publishing
13 61 (0.74%) Law
14 57 (0.69%) Manufacturing
15 52 (0.63%) Advertising
16 49 (0.59%) Electronics
17 40 (0.49%) Legal
18 18 (0.22%) Automotive
18 18 (0.22%) Spanish Language
19 11 (0.13%) Tamil Language
Job Titles
1 5,064 (61.49%) Developer
2 3,391 (41.17%) Java Developer
3 953 (11.57%) Senior Developer
4 739 (8.97%) Senior Java Developer
5 566 (6.87%) DevOps Engineer
6 497 (6.03%) Architect
7 375 (4.55%) Java Engineer
8 307 (3.73%) Full Stack Developer
9 287 (3.48%) Agile Developer
10 281 (3.41%) Analyst
11 264 (3.21%) AWS Engineer
12 241 (2.93%) JavaScript Developer
13 237 (2.88%) Agile Java Developer
14 224 (2.72%) AWS DevOps
15 217 (2.63%) Scala Developer
16 207 (2.51%) Electronic Trading Developer
17 206 (2.50%) Consultant
18 193 (2.34%) Angular Developer
19 191 (2.32%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 191 (2.32%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,788 (21.71%) Spring
2 1,328 (16.12%) Web Services
3 1,256 (15.25%) REST
4 1,053 (12.79%) HTML
5 915 (11.11%) AngularJS
6 914 (11.10%) RESTful
7 779 (9.46%) Node.js
8 731 (8.88%) Hibernate
9 682 (8.28%) CSS
10 671 (8.15%) XML
11 613 (7.44%) HTML5
12 607 (7.37%) Kafka
13 596 (7.24%) JSON
14 594 (7.21%) J2EE
14 594 (7.21%) Spring Boot
15 518 (6.29%) SOAP
16 498 (6.05%) .NET
17 483 (5.86%) React
18 466 (5.66%) JMS
19 294 (3.57%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 554 (6.73%) Analytical Skills
2 537 (6.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 469 (5.69%) Greenfield Project
4 364 (4.42%) Computer Science
5 302 (3.67%) Derivative
6 293 (3.56%) Fixed Income
7 262 (3.18%) User Experience
8 260 (3.16%) Mobile App
9 257 (3.12%) Equities
10 205 (2.49%) Algorithms
11 204 (2.48%) Fintech
12 189 (2.29%) Data Structures
13 177 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
14 149 (1.81%) Linux Command Line
15 122 (1.48%) Virtual Team
16 111 (1.35%) Equity Derivative
17 90 (1.09%) Market Risk
18 75 (0.91%) Public Cloud
19 74 (0.90%) Credit Risk
20 67 (0.81%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 1,523 (18.49%) Linux
2 1,082 (13.14%) Unix
3 344 (4.18%) Windows
4 288 (3.50%) Android
5 201 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 168 (2.04%) Apple iOS
7 95 (1.15%) CentOS
8 68 (0.83%) VMS
9 65 (0.79%) Solaris
10 61 (0.74%) Windows Server
11 58 (0.70%) Mac OS X
12 48 (0.58%) Ubuntu
13 37 (0.45%) Windows 7
14 35 (0.42%) CoreOS
15 21 (0.25%) AIX
16 15 (0.18%) Mac OS
17 11 (0.13%) Windows 8
17 11 (0.13%) Windows XP
18 9 (0.11%) HPUX
18 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,909 (47.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,062 (25.04%) TDD
3 1,549 (18.81%) DevOps
4 1,293 (15.70%) Continuous Integration
5 1,286 (15.61%) Microservices
6 1,274 (15.47%) Test Automation
7 1,207 (14.66%) BDD
8 1,162 (14.11%) Scrum
9 850 (10.32%) OO
10 781 (9.48%) Multithreading
11 696 (8.45%) Software Engineering
12 654 (7.94%) Open Source
13 576 (6.99%) Low Latency
14 570 (6.92%) E-Commerce
15 542 (6.58%) SDLC
16 529 (6.42%) Electronic Trading
17 486 (5.90%) MVC
18 470 (5.71%) Kanban
19 417 (5.06%) Continuous Delivery
20 407 (4.94%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,766 (21.44%) JavaScript
2 1,624 (19.72%) Python
3 1,621 (19.68%) SQL
4 812 (9.86%) Scala
5 712 (8.64%) C#
6 492 (5.97%) C++
7 467 (5.67%) Ruby
8 369 (4.48%) Bash Shell
9 301 (3.65%) Groovy
10 292 (3.55%) Perl
11 237 (2.88%) Shell Script
12 193 (2.34%) PL/SQL
13 181 (2.20%) PHP
14 171 (2.08%) C
15 168 (2.04%) Go
16 120 (1.46%) ES6
16 120 (1.46%) R
17 99 (1.20%) TypeScript
18 92 (1.12%) VBA
19 78 (0.95%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 734 (8.91%) Security Cleared
2 493 (5.99%) SC Cleared
3 438 (5.32%) Degree
4 142 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 103 (1.25%) DV Cleared
6 74 (0.90%) PhD
7 48 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
8 47 (0.57%) ISTQB
9 39 (0.47%) ISEB
10 35 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
11 32 (0.39%) Master's Degree
12 19 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
13 18 (0.22%) MCSE
14 16 (0.19%) MCSA
14 16 (0.19%) MCSM
15 15 (0.18%) ACHDS
15 15 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
15 15 (0.18%) MCDST
15 15 (0.18%) MCP
15 15 (0.18%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 537 (6.52%) QA
2 117 (1.42%) MiFID
3 33 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 28 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 19 (0.23%) GCP
5 19 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 16 (0.19%) SEPA
7 15 (0.18%) EMIR
8 13 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
9 12 (0.15%) GDPR
9 12 (0.15%) WCAG
10 10 (0.12%) SLA
11 8 (0.097%) GAAP
12 5 (0.061%) IFRS
12 5 (0.061%) IFRS 9
12 5 (0.061%) PMO
12 5 (0.061%) PSD2
13 4 (0.049%) Actionable Recommendations
13 4 (0.049%) AS 2805
13 4 (0.049%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 1,162 (14.11%) Docker
2 190 (2.31%) HDFS
3 99 (1.20%) Active Directory
4 90 (1.09%) Apache Flume
5 59 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
6 41 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
7 38 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 18 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
8 18 (0.22%) vSphere
9 15 (0.18%) etcd
9 15 (0.18%) Firmware
9 15 (0.18%) vCloud
10 11 (0.13%) Squid
11 10 (0.12%) Xen
12 9 (0.11%) OpenAM
12 9 (0.11%) Postfix
12 9 (0.11%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.085%) NFS
13 7 (0.085%) OpenIDM
13 7 (0.085%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 728 (8.84%) Ansible
2 617 (7.49%) Puppet
3 476 (5.78%) Kubernetes
4 420 (5.10%) Opscode Chef
5 317 (3.85%) Terraform
6 157 (1.91%) logstash
7 131 (1.59%) Kibana
8 89 (1.08%) Oozie
9 87 (1.06%) Grafana
10 72 (0.87%) Hadoop YARN
11 61 (0.74%) Mesos
12 59 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
13 54 (0.66%) ZABBIX
14 53 (0.64%) Ambari
15 41 (0.50%) Rancher
16 40 (0.49%) Packer
17 39 (0.47%) ITRS Geneos
18 38 (0.46%) Consul
19 36 (0.44%) Cobbler
20 35 (0.42%) Nagios
Vendors
1 991 (12.03%) Oracle
2 256 (3.11%) Splunk
3 247 (3.00%) IBM
4 232 (2.82%) Sybase
5 204 (2.48%) Microsoft
6 195 (2.37%) TIBCO
7 171 (2.08%) Google
8 161 (1.95%) Adobe
9 155 (1.88%) Red Hat
10 129 (1.57%) AppDynamics
11 128 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
12 119 (1.44%) Atlassian
13 113 (1.37%) VMware
14 106 (1.29%) ION Trading
14 106 (1.29%) SAP
15 105 (1.27%) MuleSoft
16 89 (1.08%) hybris
17 69 (0.84%) Hortonworks
18 65 (0.79%) Tableau
19 60 (0.73%) Cloudera