Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 3,159 4,045 7,136
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 15.80% 14.56% 16.53%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.37% 30.62% 33.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,846 3,071 5,406
Median daily rate £563 £573 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.75% +4.09% -
10th Percentile £400 £413 £413
90th Percentile £738 £725 £713
England median daily rate £525 £538 £525
% change year-on-year -2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 15 14
Median hourly rate £64.00 £49.28 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.88% +9.50% +65.68%
10th Percentile £40.00 £10.55 £26.86
90th Percentile £68.32 £67.65 £53.75
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +9.89% +1.11% +8.43%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 9,760 13,210 21,190
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.83% 47.55% 49.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,187 9,901 16,173
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £369 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £490 £490 £484
% change year-on-year - +1.24% +1.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 93 97
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.83 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.37% +30.43% +22.74%
10th Percentile £21.63 £18.71 £18.70
90th Percentile £68.36 £64.97 £53.75
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 442 £588 +2.17% 320
South London 0 55 £485 -7.62% 20
West London +2 33 £575 +9.52% 151
East London +1 20 £538 -2.27% 58
North London +3 3 £350 -9.68% 5
Java
England

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,452 (45.96%) Agile Software Development
2 990 (31.34%) Finance
3 862 (27.29%) AWS
4 823 (26.05%) Spring
5 816 (25.83%) Microservices
6 815 (25.80%) Python
7 806 (25.51%) Banking
8 697 (22.06%) JavaScript
9 685 (21.68%) Kubernetes
10 681 (21.56%) Front Office
11 620 (19.63%) Docker
12 617 (19.53%) TDD
13 614 (19.44%) SQL
14 591 (18.71%) DevOps
15 564 (17.85%) Software Engineering
16 536 (16.97%) Azure
17 528 (16.71%) Web Services
17 528 (16.71%) Jenkins
18 478 (15.13%) Spring Boot
19 457 (14.47%) React
19 457 (14.47%) Git (software)
20 438 (13.87%) REST
21 412 (13.04%) Kotlin
22 409 (12.95%) Java 8
23 405 (12.82%) Test Automation
24 400 (12.66%) Linux
25 387 (12.25%) BDD
26 376 (11.90%) Investment Banking
26 376 (11.90%) Kafka
27 370 (11.71%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (6.05%) Apache
2 190 (6.01%) Apache Spark
3 117 (3.70%) Mule
4 111 (3.51%) Confluence
5 102 (3.23%) Red Hat Fuse
6 73 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
7 64 (2.03%) JBoss
8 63 (1.99%) WebSphere
9 62 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
10 61 (1.93%) Tomcat
11 32 (1.01%) WebLogic
12 27 (0.85%) nginx
12 27 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 26 (0.82%) Camunda
14 24 (0.76%) CMS
14 24 (0.76%) SharePoint
15 21 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
16 16 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
17 14 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
17 14 (0.44%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 9 (0.28%) Photoshop
2 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
3 6 (0.19%) Sketch
4 5 (0.16%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.063%) Adobe Premiere
6 2 (0.063%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.063%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.032%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.032%) InVision
Business Applications
1 18 (0.57%) ION MarketView
2 5 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.13%) RMDS
4 3 (0.095%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.095%) Magento
4 3 (0.095%) Maximo
4 3 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.095%) Shopify
5 2 (0.063%) ContrOCC
5 2 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.063%) Loan IQ
5 2 (0.063%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.063%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.063%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.063%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.032%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.032%) Summit
6 1 (0.032%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 862 (27.29%) AWS
2 536 (16.97%) Azure
3 370 (11.71%) GCP
4 184 (5.82%) Serverless
5 132 (4.18%) AWS Lambda
5 132 (4.18%) GitHub
6 112 (3.55%) Amazon S3
7 96 (3.04%) Amazon EC2
8 77 (2.44%) OpenShift
9 75 (2.37%) PaaS
10 61 (1.93%) Apigee
11 58 (1.84%) SaaS
12 53 (1.68%) Amazon ECS
13 44 (1.39%) IaaS
14 42 (1.33%) AWS CloudFormation
15 41 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
16 32 (1.01%) npm
17 27 (0.85%) Boomi
18 24 (0.76%) Amazon SQS
18 24 (0.76%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 79 (2.50%) HTTP
2 23 (0.73%) TCP/IP
3 21 (0.66%) DNS
4 20 (0.63%) Firewall
5 17 (0.54%) SSL
6 15 (0.47%) Internet
7 11 (0.35%) HTTPS
7 11 (0.35%) Network Security
8 8 (0.25%) FTP
9 7 (0.22%) CTI
9 7 (0.22%) Softphone
9 7 (0.22%) Unified Communications
9 7 (0.22%) Wireless
10 6 (0.19%) FIX Connectivity
10 6 (0.19%) Skype
11 5 (0.16%) BGP
11 5 (0.16%) MPLS
11 5 (0.16%) NAS
11 5 (0.16%) SAN
11 5 (0.16%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 194 (6.14%) NoSQL
2 192 (6.08%) Relational Database
3 166 (5.25%) Big Data
3 166 (5.25%) SQL Server
4 158 (5.00%) MongoDB
5 140 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
6 137 (4.34%) Hadoop
7 105 (3.32%) MySQL
8 74 (2.34%) Apache Ignite
9 70 (2.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 67 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
10 67 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
11 65 (2.06%) BigQuery
12 52 (1.65%) Apache Hive
13 41 (1.30%) Redis
14 36 (1.14%) Amazon Redshift
15 35 (1.11%) Hazelcast
16 34 (1.08%) RDBMS
17 32 (1.01%) Cloud Spanner
18 30 (0.95%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 528 (16.71%) Jenkins
2 457 (14.47%) Git (software)
3 295 (9.34%) Maven
4 245 (7.76%) JIRA
5 183 (5.79%) Cucumber
6 168 (5.32%) JUnit
7 151 (4.78%) Selenium
8 111 (3.51%) Gradle
9 88 (2.79%) GitLab
10 79 (2.50%) Mockito
11 60 (1.90%) SonarQube
12 57 (1.80%) Bitbucket
13 56 (1.77%) TeamCity
14 52 (1.65%) JMeter
14 52 (1.65%) Subversion
15 43 (1.36%) Postman
16 40 (1.27%) gulp
16 40 (1.27%) IntelliJ
17 35 (1.11%) Ant
17 35 (1.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 990 (31.34%) Finance
2 806 (25.51%) Banking
3 681 (21.56%) Front Office
4 376 (11.90%) Investment Banking
5 148 (4.69%) Public Sector
6 74 (2.34%) Retail
7 64 (2.03%) Marketing
7 64 (2.03%) Telecoms
8 51 (1.61%) Manufacturing
9 40 (1.27%) Electronics
10 33 (1.04%) Financial Institution
11 22 (0.70%) Retail Banking
12 21 (0.66%) Games
13 17 (0.54%) Advertising
13 17 (0.54%) Back Office
14 13 (0.41%) Automotive
15 12 (0.38%) Multimedia
16 9 (0.28%) Publishing
17 8 (0.25%) Corporate Banking
18 6 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,010 (63.63%) Developer
2 1,222 (38.68%) Java Developer
3 341 (10.79%) Senior Developer
4 246 (7.79%) Senior Java Developer
5 233 (7.38%) Software Engineer
6 207 (6.55%) Architect
7 193 (6.11%) Java Engineer
8 147 (4.65%) React Developer
9 144 (4.56%) DevOps Engineer
9 144 (4.56%) Front Office Developer
10 136 (4.31%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 133 (4.21%) Full Stack Developer
11 133 (4.21%) Python Developer
12 126 (3.99%) Electronic Trading Developer
13 124 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
14 119 (3.77%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
15 107 (3.39%) AWS Developer
16 103 (3.26%) Data Engineer
17 101 (3.20%) Python Engineer
18 92 (2.91%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 823 (26.05%) Spring
2 528 (16.71%) Web Services
3 478 (15.13%) Spring Boot
4 457 (14.47%) React
5 438 (13.87%) REST
6 376 (11.90%) Kafka
7 368 (11.65%) AngularJS
8 346 (10.95%) Node.js
9 257 (8.14%) RESTful
10 249 (7.88%) HTML
11 223 (7.06%) Middleware
12 196 (6.20%) JSON
13 188 (5.95%) XML
14 174 (5.51%) CSS
15 173 (5.48%) Apache Camel
16 168 (5.32%) .NET
17 156 (4.94%) Hibernate
18 138 (4.37%) SOAP
19 136 (4.31%) HTML5
20 123 (3.89%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 363 (11.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 339 (10.73%) Fixed Income
3 270 (8.55%) Derivative
4 228 (7.22%) Equities
5 171 (5.41%) User Experience
6 164 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
7 148 (4.69%) Greenfield Project
8 124 (3.93%) Hedge funds
9 117 (3.70%) Mobile App
10 101 (3.20%) Enterprise Software
11 97 (3.07%) Data Structures
12 62 (1.96%) Algorithms
13 60 (1.90%) Cloud Native
14 47 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
15 46 (1.46%) Clustering
16 40 (1.27%) Public Cloud
17 32 (1.01%) Market Risk
17 32 (1.01%) Virtual Team
18 31 (0.98%) Credit Risk
19 25 (0.79%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 400 (12.66%) Linux
2 199 (6.30%) Unix
3 118 (3.74%) Android
4 64 (2.03%) Windows
5 43 (1.36%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (0.54%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.38%) CentOS
9 8 (0.25%) Solaris
10 5 (0.16%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.13%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
12 3 (0.095%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.063%) AIX
13 2 (0.063%) Android TV
13 2 (0.063%) VMS
13 2 (0.063%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.032%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.032%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.032%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,452 (45.96%) Agile Software Development
2 816 (25.83%) Microservices
3 617 (19.53%) TDD
4 591 (18.71%) DevOps
5 564 (17.85%) Software Engineering
6 405 (12.82%) Test Automation
7 387 (12.25%) BDD
8 359 (11.36%) Multithreading
9 345 (10.92%) Scrum
10 343 (10.86%) Continuous Integration
11 280 (8.86%) Low Latency
12 248 (7.85%) Electronic Trading
13 243 (7.69%) Asset Management
14 208 (6.58%) Continuous Delivery
15 207 (6.55%) Analytics
16 203 (6.43%) Investment Management
17 202 (6.39%) SDLC
18 197 (6.24%) OO
19 192 (6.08%) Open Source
20 165 (5.22%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 815 (25.80%) Python
2 697 (22.06%) JavaScript
3 614 (19.44%) SQL
4 412 (13.04%) Kotlin
5 409 (12.95%) Java 8
6 323 (10.22%) Scala
7 250 (7.91%) C#
8 201 (6.36%) C++
9 162 (5.13%) TypeScript
10 75 (2.37%) Go
10 75 (2.37%) PL/SQL
11 68 (2.15%) Shell Script
12 59 (1.87%) Ruby
13 57 (1.80%) PowerShell
14 55 (1.74%) R
15 54 (1.71%) Bash Shell
16 51 (1.61%) C
16 51 (1.61%) Perl
17 49 (1.55%) ES6
18 43 (1.36%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 308 (9.75%) Security Cleared
2 255 (8.07%) SC Cleared
3 221 (7.00%) Degree
4 75 (2.37%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (1.30%) DV Cleared
6 35 (1.11%) Numerate Degree
7 26 (0.82%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.76%) AWS Certification
9 15 (0.47%) PhD
10 12 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
12 6 (0.19%) CCNA
12 6 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.19%) Sun Certification
13 5 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.16%) ISEB
14 4 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
15 3 (0.095%) CCNP
15 3 (0.095%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.095%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (5.16%) QA
2 14 (0.44%) MiFID
3 11 (0.35%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.35%) GDPR
4 10 (0.32%) PMO
4 10 (0.32%) WCAG
5 6 (0.19%) SLA
6 4 (0.13%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.095%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.063%) COREP
8 2 (0.063%) CRD IV
8 2 (0.063%) PSD2
9 1 (0.032%) Basel III
9 1 (0.032%) EMIR
9 1 (0.032%) Government Security Classifications
9 1 (0.032%) ISO 15022
9 1 (0.032%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.032%) NIST
9 1 (0.032%) SEPA
9 1 (0.032%) TARGET2
System Software
1 620 (19.63%) Docker
2 34 (1.08%) HDFS
3 20 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 18 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 17 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.44%) Active Directory
7 12 (0.38%) GridGain
8 9 (0.28%) NFS
9 7 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.19%) KVM
10 6 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
10 6 (0.19%) Xen
11 5 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
11 5 (0.16%) vSphere
12 4 (0.13%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 4 (0.13%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.13%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.13%) SRDF
13 3 (0.095%) Ceph
14 2 (0.063%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 685 (21.68%) Kubernetes
2 322 (10.19%) Terraform
3 186 (5.89%) Ansible
4 63 (1.99%) Puppet
5 60 (1.90%) Prometheus
6 46 (1.46%) Opscode Chef
7 37 (1.17%) Grafana
8 17 (0.54%) Kibana
9 16 (0.51%) Argo
9 16 (0.51%) Salt
10 15 (0.47%) Istio
11 14 (0.44%) Packer
12 13 (0.41%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 9 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.25%) Netcool
14 8 (0.25%) Zipkin
15 5 (0.16%) logstash
15 5 (0.16%) Mesos
15 5 (0.16%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 307 (9.72%) Oracle
2 164 (5.19%) Google
3 93 (2.94%) Microsoft
4 87 (2.75%) MuleSoft
5 82 (2.60%) Splunk
6 60 (1.90%) Atlassian
7 53 (1.68%) SAP
8 49 (1.55%) AppDynamics
8 49 (1.55%) IBM
9 47 (1.49%) Red Hat
10 43 (1.36%) Bloomberg
10 43 (1.36%) ION Trading
10 43 (1.36%) TIBCO
11 38 (1.20%) Sybase
12 35 (1.11%) Talend
13 30 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
14 29 (0.92%) webMethods
15 27 (0.85%) Dell
16 23 (0.73%) HP
17 22 (0.70%) Adobe