Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 11 7 5
Rank change year-on-year -4 -2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 4,826 3,570 3,246
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 12.49% 14.71% 16.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.60% 30.93% 33.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,675 2,697 2,481
10th Percentile £461 £413 £413
25th Percentile £525 £481 £484
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £640 £575 £563
Median % change year-on-year +11.30% +2.22% +2.27%
75th Percentile £750 £688 £663
90th Percentile £838 £738 £750
England median daily rate £600 £545 £541
% change year-on-year +10.09% +0.69% +3.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 13 16
10th Percentile £26.93 £49.54 £35.59
25th Percentile £35.31 - £45.35
Median hourly rate £59.25 £64.00 £59.75
Median % change year-on-year -7.42% +7.11% +19.50%
75th Percentile £75.39 £68.00 £64.97
90th Percentile £77.53 £68.29 £67.52
England median hourly rate £63.56 £58.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +9.58% +26.09% -8.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,302 11,542 9,666
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 42.20% 47.54% 48.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,556 8,623 7,221
10th Percentile £413 £369 £370
25th Percentile £500 £450 £439
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £530 £525
Median % change year-on-year +13.21% +0.95% -
75th Percentile £713 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 67 75
10th Percentile £30.73 £20.30 £18.43
25th Percentile £35.00 £30.75 £26.63
Median hourly rate £50.00 £44.50 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +12.36% -6.96% +30.74%
75th Percentile £67.50 £62.88 £57.00
90th Percentile £77.18 £68.00 £64.43
England median hourly rate £50.77 £41.66 £43.75
% change year-on-year +21.87% -4.78% -1.69%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -5 569 £650 +8.33% 326
South London +1 65 £575 +27.78% 23
West London -12 37 £575 +6.24% 55
East London -15 14 £578 +12.35% 64
North London -4 1 - - 10
Java
England

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,013 (41.71%) Agile
2 1,337 (27.70%) Finance
3 1,324 (27.43%) Microservices
4 1,258 (26.07%) Python
5 1,235 (25.59%) AWS
6 1,215 (25.18%) Spring
7 1,182 (24.49%) CI/CD
8 1,150 (23.83%) DevOps
9 995 (20.62%) SQL
10 977 (20.24%) Kubernetes
11 972 (20.14%) Banking
12 927 (19.21%) Azure
13 914 (18.94%) Docker
14 908 (18.81%) Software Engineering
15 905 (18.75%) JavaScript
16 855 (17.72%) TDD
17 847 (17.55%) Jenkins
18 834 (17.28%) Spring Boot
19 817 (16.93%) Social Skills
20 782 (16.20%) Kafka
21 696 (14.42%) Git (software)
22 677 (14.03%) Front Office
23 675 (13.99%) Linux
23 675 (13.99%) Test Automation
24 645 (13.37%) Oracle
25 628 (13.01%) REST
26 584 (12.10%) React
27 550 (11.40%) Maven
28 545 (11.29%) Scrum
29 543 (11.25%) C#

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 260 (5.39%) Apache Spark
2 227 (4.70%) Confluence
3 194 (4.02%) Apache
4 122 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
5 86 (1.78%) JBoss
6 83 (1.72%) Tomcat
7 77 (1.60%) WebSphere
8 72 (1.49%) Red Hat Fuse
9 63 (1.31%) Mule
10 50 (1.04%) Apache Airflow
10 50 (1.04%) WebLogic
11 41 (0.85%) Oracle Coherence
12 40 (0.83%) nginx
13 38 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
14 37 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
15 32 (0.66%) SharePoint
16 31 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
17 30 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 29 (0.60%) OpenStack
19 27 (0.56%) IIS
Applications
1 30 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.19%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.062%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.041%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.041%) Sketch
8 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.021%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 1 (0.021%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.021%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.021%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 20 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.35%) BusinessWorks
3 13 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
3 13 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
4 11 (0.23%) Misys Midas
4 11 (0.23%) Shopify
5 9 (0.19%) Magento
5 9 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.19%) RMDS
6 7 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
7 6 (0.12%) ION MarketView
7 6 (0.12%) Oracle Utilities
7 6 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
7 6 (0.12%) thinkFolio
7 6 (0.12%) TIBCO iProcess
8 5 (0.10%) Teamcenter
9 4 (0.083%) Sonata
10 3 (0.062%) Oracle Payables
10 3 (0.062%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 1,235 (25.59%) AWS
2 927 (19.21%) Azure
3 517 (10.71%) GCP
4 264 (5.47%) Serverless
5 246 (5.10%) GitHub
6 179 (3.71%) AWS Lambda
7 155 (3.21%) OpenShift
8 133 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
9 131 (2.71%) AWS CloudFormation
10 124 (2.57%) Amazon S3
11 105 (2.18%) PaaS
12 87 (1.80%) IaaS
13 81 (1.68%) SaaS
14 73 (1.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 68 (1.41%) Azure Data Factory
16 62 (1.28%) Amazon EKS
17 61 (1.26%) Power Platform
18 59 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
19 42 (0.87%) npm
20 39 (0.81%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 72 (1.49%) HTTP
2 59 (1.22%) Internet
3 56 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 44 (0.91%) Firewall
5 37 (0.77%) DNS
6 33 (0.68%) SSL
7 30 (0.62%) FIX Connectivity
8 29 (0.60%) MQTT
9 21 (0.44%) DSL
10 20 (0.41%) FTP
11 18 (0.37%) HTTPS
11 18 (0.37%) Kerberos
11 18 (0.37%) Network Security
11 18 (0.37%) VPN
12 13 (0.27%) Multicast
13 10 (0.21%) IPv4
13 10 (0.21%) SAN
13 10 (0.21%) SMTP
14 8 (0.17%) tcpdump
15 7 (0.15%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 342 (7.09%) SQL Server
2 314 (6.51%) NoSQL
3 307 (6.36%) PostgreSQL
4 296 (6.13%) Relational Database
5 270 (5.59%) MongoDB
6 245 (5.08%) Big Data
7 164 (3.40%) MySQL
8 126 (2.61%) Hadoop
9 114 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
10 111 (2.30%) Oracle Database
11 94 (1.95%) Redis
12 84 (1.74%) Data Lake
13 80 (1.66%) Amazon RDS
14 70 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
15 67 (1.39%) RDBMS
16 61 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 60 (1.24%) BigQuery
18 58 (1.20%) Delta Lake
19 53 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
20 50 (1.04%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 847 (17.55%) Jenkins
2 696 (14.42%) Git (software)
3 550 (11.40%) Maven
4 392 (8.12%) JIRA
5 286 (5.93%) GitLab
5 286 (5.93%) Gradle
6 260 (5.39%) JUnit
7 249 (5.16%) Cucumber
8 199 (4.12%) Selenium
9 183 (3.79%) TeamCity
10 120 (2.49%) Bitbucket
11 111 (2.30%) Mockito
12 91 (1.89%) Sonatype Nexus
13 85 (1.76%) Subversion
14 77 (1.60%) SonarQube
15 66 (1.37%) Artifactory
16 65 (1.35%) IntelliJ
17 61 (1.26%) webpack
18 58 (1.20%) JMeter
18 58 (1.20%) REST Assured
General
1 1,337 (27.70%) Finance
2 972 (20.14%) Banking
3 817 (16.93%) Social Skills
4 677 (14.03%) Front Office
5 480 (9.95%) Investment Banking
6 354 (7.34%) Analytical Skills
7 210 (4.35%) Public Sector
8 106 (2.20%) Retail
9 93 (1.93%) Financial Institution
10 72 (1.49%) Marketing
11 58 (1.20%) Legal
12 50 (1.04%) Presentation Skills
13 37 (0.77%) Telecoms
14 30 (0.62%) Law
15 29 (0.60%) Publishing
16 24 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
16 24 (0.50%) Manufacturing
17 22 (0.46%) Documentation Skills
17 22 (0.46%) Electronics
18 20 (0.41%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,722 (56.40%) Developer
2 1,906 (39.49%) Java Developer
3 561 (11.62%) Senior Developer
4 430 (8.91%) Senior Java Developer
5 425 (8.81%) Java Engineer
6 341 (7.07%) Software Engineer
7 339 (7.02%) Architect
8 259 (5.37%) DevOps Engineer
9 234 (4.85%) Data Engineer
10 211 (4.37%) Full Stack Developer
11 200 (4.14%) AWS Engineer
12 199 (4.12%) Java Software Engineer
13 183 (3.79%) Electronic Trading Developer
14 168 (3.48%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
15 148 (3.07%) Senior Java Engineer
16 147 (3.05%) Java Software Developer
17 145 (3.00%) AWS Developer
18 140 (2.90%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 132 (2.74%) Python Developer
20 118 (2.45%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,215 (25.18%) Spring
2 834 (17.28%) Spring Boot
3 782 (16.20%) Kafka
4 628 (13.01%) REST
5 584 (12.10%) React
6 385 (7.98%) HTML
7 348 (7.21%) AngularJS
8 335 (6.94%) Node.js
8 335 (6.94%) RESTful
9 332 (6.88%) Web Services
10 295 (6.11%) CSS
11 292 (6.05%) .NET
12 274 (5.68%) Hibernate
13 230 (4.77%) J2EE
14 219 (4.54%) XML
15 202 (4.19%) JSON
16 185 (3.83%) HTML5
17 177 (3.67%) Middleware
18 168 (3.48%) SOAP
19 136 (2.82%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 360 (7.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 261 (5.41%) Fixed Income
3 243 (5.04%) Derivative
4 204 (4.23%) Algorithms
5 188 (3.90%) Cloud Native
6 171 (3.54%) Equities
7 164 (3.40%) Greenfield Project
8 162 (3.36%) Hedge funds
9 161 (3.34%) Data Structures
10 143 (2.96%) User Experience
11 123 (2.55%) Public Cloud
12 88 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
13 81 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
14 70 (1.45%) Virtual Team
15 63 (1.31%) Data Protection Act
15 63 (1.31%) Mobile App
16 54 (1.12%) Linux Command Line
16 54 (1.12%) Management Information System
17 46 (0.95%) Legacy Systems
18 41 (0.85%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 675 (13.99%) Linux
2 348 (7.21%) Unix
3 240 (4.97%) Windows
4 122 (2.53%) Android
5 44 (0.91%) Apple iOS
6 43 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.46%) Windows Server
8 20 (0.41%) Ubuntu
9 18 (0.37%) CentOS
10 17 (0.35%) AIX
10 17 (0.35%) Mac OS X
10 17 (0.35%) VMS
11 13 (0.27%) Solaris
12 9 (0.19%) zOS
13 8 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
14 6 (0.12%) Mesosphere
14 6 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
14 6 (0.12%) SUSE
15 5 (0.10%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,013 (41.71%) Agile
2 1,324 (27.43%) Microservices
3 1,182 (24.49%) CI/CD
4 1,150 (23.83%) DevOps
5 908 (18.81%) Software Engineering
6 855 (17.72%) TDD
7 675 (13.99%) Test Automation
8 545 (11.29%) Scrum
9 467 (9.68%) Full Stack Development
10 439 (9.10%) BDD
11 433 (8.97%) Multithreading
12 416 (8.62%) Problem-Solving
13 410 (8.50%) Continuous Integration
14 400 (8.29%) Analytics
15 386 (8.00%) Electronic Trading
16 381 (7.89%) Low Latency
17 350 (7.25%) OO
18 305 (6.32%) Computer Science
19 278 (5.76%) SDLC
20 258 (5.35%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 1,258 (26.07%) Python
2 995 (20.62%) SQL
3 905 (18.75%) JavaScript
4 543 (11.25%) C#
5 368 (7.63%) C++
6 322 (6.67%) TypeScript
7 320 (6.63%) Scala
8 232 (4.81%) Kotlin
9 189 (3.92%) Bash
10 187 (3.87%) Go
11 165 (3.42%) Shell Script
12 129 (2.67%) PowerShell
13 128 (2.65%) C
14 111 (2.30%) Ruby
15 110 (2.28%) PL/SQL
16 108 (2.24%) Perl
17 106 (2.20%) Groovy
18 73 (1.51%) PHP
19 41 (0.85%) ES6
20 33 (0.68%) R
Qualifications
1 365 (7.56%) Security Cleared
2 315 (6.53%) SC Cleared
3 275 (5.70%) Degree
4 160 (3.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 43 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
6 41 (0.85%) DV Cleared
7 37 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
8 18 (0.37%) AWS Certification
9 17 (0.35%) Master's Degree
10 16 (0.33%) PhD
11 14 (0.29%) CISSP
12 9 (0.19%) FFIEC
12 9 (0.19%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 7 (0.15%) PMP
13 7 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
14 6 (0.12%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.10%) GIAC
15 5 (0.10%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 289 (5.99%) QA
2 50 (1.04%) Accessibility
3 40 (0.83%) Data Quality
4 37 (0.77%) GDPR
5 34 (0.70%) PMO
6 16 (0.33%) SLA
7 11 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 10 (0.21%) ISO 20022
8 10 (0.21%) NIST
9 9 (0.19%) GLBA
9 9 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 8 (0.17%) SEPA
11 6 (0.12%) WCAG
12 4 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.062%) Actionable Recommendations
13 3 (0.062%) Dublin Core
13 3 (0.062%) MiFID
13 3 (0.062%) NCSC
13 3 (0.062%) OASIS TOSCA
14 1 (0.021%) LOINC
System Software
1 914 (18.94%) Docker
2 31 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 25 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
4 20 (0.41%) HDFS
5 16 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
7 9 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.19%) vSphere
8 5 (0.10%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.083%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.083%) Ceph
9 4 (0.083%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.062%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 3 (0.062%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 3 (0.062%) NFS
10 3 (0.062%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.062%) Samba
10 3 (0.062%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.041%) Postfix
11 2 (0.041%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 977 (20.24%) Kubernetes
2 512 (10.61%) Terraform
3 286 (5.93%) Ansible
4 106 (2.20%) Grafana
5 103 (2.13%) Prometheus
6 79 (1.64%) Puppet
7 70 (1.45%) ITRS Geneos
8 60 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
9 57 (1.18%) Kibana
10 44 (0.91%) Istio
11 42 (0.87%) Packer
12 26 (0.54%) logstash
13 23 (0.48%) BladeLogic
13 23 (0.48%) Consul
14 20 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
15 14 (0.29%) Rancher
15 14 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
16 13 (0.27%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
17 10 (0.21%) Mesos
18 8 (0.17%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 645 (13.37%) Oracle
2 273 (5.66%) Microsoft
3 194 (4.02%) Google
4 153 (3.17%) Databricks
5 122 (2.53%) IBM
6 119 (2.47%) Splunk
7 96 (1.99%) ION Trading
8 89 (1.84%) Red Hat
9 78 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
10 68 (1.41%) SAP
11 54 (1.12%) Atlassian
12 48 (0.99%) Sybase
13 47 (0.97%) MuleSoft
14 42 (0.87%) AppDynamics
14 42 (0.87%) TIBCO
15 36 (0.75%) Adobe
15 36 (0.75%) Dynatrace
16 34 (0.70%) Informatica
16 34 (0.70%) VMware
17 32 (0.66%) Confluent