Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 2,558 5,612 7,788
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 19.49% 14.45% 16.95%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.56% 30.64% 33.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,977 4,132 5,866
Median daily rate £563 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £403 £413 £413
90th Percentile £763 £713 £713
England median daily rate £525 £525 £510
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 17 19
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% - +66.67%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -21.35% -1.11% +12.50%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,633 18,315 23,083
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.53% 47.17% 50.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,613 13,831 17,589
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £356 £363 £363
90th Percentile £749 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 113 147
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +15.38% +9.86%
10th Percentile £22.50 £20.43 £18.35
90th Percentile £54.20 £61.15 £62.68
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -22.22% +7.14% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 333 £550 -0.90% 224
South London 0 117 £500 -4.76% 15
West London 0 45 £500 -4.76% 88
East London -3 19 £425 -22.73% 26
North London +10 6 £375 -28.57% 5
Java
England

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,228 (48.01%) Agile Software Development
2 927 (36.24%) Finance
3 882 (34.48%) AWS
4 814 (31.82%) Python
5 745 (29.12%) Banking
6 652 (25.49%) Microservices
7 626 (24.47%) DevOps
8 623 (24.35%) SQL
9 617 (24.12%) Web Services
10 609 (23.81%) Front Office
11 578 (22.60%) Software Engineering
12 576 (22.52%) JavaScript
13 540 (21.11%) Azure
14 525 (20.52%) Spring
15 497 (19.43%) Kubernetes
16 495 (19.35%) Fixed Income
17 466 (18.22%) Docker
18 441 (17.24%) Jenkins
19 424 (16.58%) TDD
20 419 (16.38%) Investment Banking
21 416 (16.26%) AngularJS
22 411 (16.07%) Asset Management
23 386 (15.09%) Git (software)
24 380 (14.86%) React
25 372 (14.54%) Test Automation
26 371 (14.50%) Derivative
27 368 (14.39%) GCP
28 341 (13.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
29 334 (13.06%) Java 8
30 330 (12.90%) Linux

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (5.47%) Apache
2 114 (4.46%) Apache Spark
3 82 (3.21%) Elasticsearch
4 72 (2.81%) Confluence
5 61 (2.38%) Tomcat
6 47 (1.84%) JBoss
6 47 (1.84%) Mule
7 43 (1.68%) Cloud Foundry
8 42 (1.64%) Red Hat Fuse
9 36 (1.41%) WebLogic
10 33 (1.29%) Apache Solr
11 32 (1.25%) WebSphere
12 20 (0.78%) SharePoint
13 16 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 15 (0.59%) CMS
14 15 (0.59%) Oracle Workflow
15 13 (0.51%) WebSphere Application Server
16 12 (0.47%) Appian
16 12 (0.47%) nginx
17 11 (0.43%) MQSeries
Applications
1 16 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.27%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.16%) RoboHelp
6 2 (0.078%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.078%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.039%) Blender
7 1 (0.039%) InVision
7 1 (0.039%) Maya
7 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.039%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 18 (0.70%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 6 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 5 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.12%) RMDS
7 2 (0.078%) ContrOCC
7 2 (0.078%) Maximo
7 2 (0.078%) Oracle 11i
7 2 (0.078%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.078%) SunGard Martini
7 2 (0.078%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.039%) FINCAD Analytics
8 1 (0.039%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.039%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.039%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 882 (34.48%) AWS
2 540 (21.11%) Azure
3 368 (14.39%) GCP
4 217 (8.48%) Serverless
5 190 (7.43%) AWS Lambda
6 143 (5.59%) Amazon ECS
7 118 (4.61%) Amazon EC2
8 116 (4.53%) Amazon S3
9 112 (4.38%) OpenShift
10 94 (3.67%) Apigee
11 67 (2.62%) AWS CloudFormation
12 58 (2.27%) Amazon SQS
13 52 (2.03%) GitHub
14 44 (1.72%) PaaS
15 41 (1.60%) SaaS
16 33 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
16 33 (1.29%) IaaS
17 29 (1.13%) Power Platform
18 27 (1.06%) Datadog
19 23 (0.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 61 (2.38%) HTTP
2 52 (2.03%) SSL
3 36 (1.41%) HTTPS
4 35 (1.37%) Firewall
5 32 (1.25%) VPN
6 31 (1.21%) Internet
7 29 (1.13%) DNS
8 23 (0.90%) WAN
9 21 (0.82%) DMZ
9 21 (0.82%) Wireless
10 15 (0.59%) Intranet
11 12 (0.47%) TCP/IP
12 9 (0.35%) FIX Connectivity
13 6 (0.23%) SSH
13 6 (0.23%) WebEx
14 5 (0.20%) FTP
14 5 (0.20%) Network Security
15 4 (0.16%) Kerberos
15 4 (0.16%) Skype
16 3 (0.12%) RTMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 284 (11.10%) SQL Server
2 223 (8.72%) MySQL
3 173 (6.76%) MongoDB
4 171 (6.68%) NoSQL
5 160 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
6 138 (5.39%) Relational Database
7 132 (5.16%) Amazon Redshift
8 116 (4.53%) Big Data
9 75 (2.93%) Amazon RDS
10 73 (2.85%) Data Warehouse
10 73 (2.85%) Hadoop
11 57 (2.23%) RDBMS
12 51 (1.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 51 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
13 41 (1.60%) Oracle Database
14 37 (1.45%) Amazon Aurora
15 29 (1.13%) Redis
16 28 (1.09%) Hazelcast
17 25 (0.98%) Power BI
18 19 (0.74%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 441 (17.24%) Jenkins
2 386 (15.09%) Git (software)
3 208 (8.13%) Maven
4 153 (5.98%) JIRA
5 143 (5.59%) Artifactory
5 143 (5.59%) GitLab
6 140 (5.47%) Cucumber
7 122 (4.77%) Selenium
8 118 (4.61%) JUnit
9 91 (3.56%) RStudio
10 78 (3.05%) Gradle
11 70 (2.74%) Subversion
12 55 (2.15%) Mockito
13 44 (1.72%) gulp
14 39 (1.52%) Jasmine
14 39 (1.52%) WebDriver
15 38 (1.49%) TeamCity
16 36 (1.41%) SonarQube
17 35 (1.37%) SoapUI
18 34 (1.33%) JMeter
General
1 927 (36.24%) Finance
2 745 (29.12%) Banking
3 609 (23.81%) Front Office
4 419 (16.38%) Investment Banking
5 123 (4.81%) Public Sector
6 53 (2.07%) Back Office
7 43 (1.68%) Financial Institution
8 27 (1.06%) Marketing
9 22 (0.86%) Telecoms
10 18 (0.70%) Retail
11 17 (0.66%) Retail Banking
12 15 (0.59%) Manufacturing
13 13 (0.51%) Electronics
13 13 (0.51%) French Language
13 13 (0.51%) Law
14 12 (0.47%) Advertising
14 12 (0.47%) Games
14 12 (0.47%) Police
15 10 (0.39%) Publishing
16 8 (0.31%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,609 (62.90%) Developer
2 974 (38.08%) Java Developer
3 242 (9.46%) AWS Developer
4 234 (9.15%) Software Engineer
5 227 (8.87%) Senior Developer
6 225 (8.80%) Java Engineer
7 222 (8.68%) AWS Engineer
8 179 (7.00%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 173 (6.76%) Architect
10 157 (6.14%) Python Developer
11 146 (5.71%) Senior Java Developer
12 126 (4.93%) JavaScript Developer
13 119 (4.65%) Full Stack Developer
14 115 (4.50%) DevOps Engineer
15 110 (4.30%) Front Office Developer
16 109 (4.26%) Java Software Developer
17 105 (4.10%) AWS Software Engineer
18 102 (3.99%) Java Software Engineer
19 97 (3.79%) Python Engineer
20 84 (3.28%) Electronic Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 617 (24.12%) Web Services
2 525 (20.52%) Spring
3 416 (16.26%) AngularJS
4 380 (14.86%) React
5 299 (11.69%) Spring Boot
6 284 (11.10%) REST
7 223 (8.72%) Node.js
8 213 (8.33%) Kafka
9 206 (8.05%) HTML
10 176 (6.88%) Vue.js
11 159 (6.22%) J2EE
12 156 (6.10%) CSS
13 153 (5.98%) .NET
14 149 (5.82%) RESTful
15 119 (4.65%) Middleware
16 111 (4.34%) gRPC
17 104 (4.07%) XML
18 102 (3.99%) HTML5
19 90 (3.52%) Apache Camel
19 90 (3.52%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 495 (19.35%) Fixed Income
2 371 (14.50%) Derivative
3 341 (13.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 312 (12.20%) Hedge funds
5 304 (11.88%) Equities
6 131 (5.12%) Greenfield Project
7 114 (4.46%) Analytical Skills
8 90 (3.52%) User Experience
9 71 (2.78%) Mobile App
10 63 (2.46%) Algorithms
11 53 (2.07%) Data Structures
12 50 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
13 44 (1.72%) Credit Derivative
14 41 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
15 32 (1.25%) Blog
16 28 (1.09%) Data Centre
17 27 (1.06%) Virtual Team
18 26 (1.02%) Equity Derivative
18 26 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
19 24 (0.94%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 330 (12.90%) Linux
2 192 (7.51%) Unix
3 113 (4.42%) Windows
4 68 (2.66%) Android
5 45 (1.76%) Mac OS X
6 35 (1.37%) Apple iOS
7 22 (0.86%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
10 10 (0.39%) Debian
10 10 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.35%) CentOS
12 5 (0.20%) AIX
13 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (0.12%) zOS
15 2 (0.078%) Android TV
15 2 (0.078%) CoreOS
16 1 (0.039%) Solaris
16 1 (0.039%) SUSE
16 1 (0.039%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,228 (48.01%) Agile Software Development
2 652 (25.49%) Microservices
3 626 (24.47%) DevOps
4 578 (22.60%) Software Engineering
5 424 (16.58%) TDD
6 411 (16.07%) Asset Management
7 372 (14.54%) Test Automation
8 312 (12.20%) Investment Management
9 289 (11.30%) Scrum
10 250 (9.77%) BDD
11 217 (8.48%) Multithreading
12 207 (8.09%) Continuous Integration
13 191 (7.47%) SDLC
14 170 (6.65%) OO
15 158 (6.18%) Problem-Solving
16 155 (6.06%) Computer Science
17 150 (5.86%) Analytics
18 149 (5.82%) Electronic Trading
19 147 (5.75%) Decision-Making
20 134 (5.24%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 814 (31.82%) Python
2 623 (24.35%) SQL
3 576 (22.52%) JavaScript
4 334 (13.06%) Java 8
5 217 (8.48%) Kotlin
6 179 (7.00%) Scala
7 174 (6.80%) C#
8 144 (5.63%) C++
9 113 (4.42%) R
10 100 (3.91%) TypeScript
11 80 (3.13%) Bash Shell
12 64 (2.50%) Ruby
13 63 (2.46%) Shell Script
14 61 (2.38%) C
15 60 (2.35%) T-SQL
16 57 (2.23%) Perl
17 53 (2.07%) Go
18 50 (1.95%) PL/SQL
19 41 (1.60%) PowerShell
20 35 (1.37%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 272 (10.63%) Security Cleared
2 206 (8.05%) SC Cleared
3 136 (5.32%) Degree
4 69 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (1.80%) DV Cleared
6 26 (1.02%) Sun Certification
7 17 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.59%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
9 14 (0.55%) CISSP
10 10 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
11 8 (0.31%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.31%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.31%) PMI Certification
12 7 (0.27%) ISEB
13 6 (0.23%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.23%) PhD
14 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
15 3 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (5.86%) QA
2 23 (0.90%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.74%) WCAG
4 18 (0.70%) GDPR
4 18 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.55%) Cyber Essentials
5 14 (0.55%) SLA
6 13 (0.51%) HIPAA
7 8 (0.31%) MiFID
7 8 (0.31%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.27%) PMO
9 6 (0.23%) PSD2
10 4 (0.16%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.12%) ISO 20022
12 2 (0.078%) GxP
12 2 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.078%) NCSC
12 2 (0.078%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.078%) SEPA
13 1 (0.039%) GAMP
System Software
1 466 (18.22%) Docker
2 56 (2.19%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.59%) HDFS
3 15 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.12%) vSphere
7 2 (0.078%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 2 (0.078%) Gluster
7 2 (0.078%) NFS
7 2 (0.078%) Postfix
7 2 (0.078%) Samba
7 2 (0.078%) Xen
7 2 (0.078%) zsh
8 1 (0.039%) PowerDNS
8 1 (0.039%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 497 (19.43%) Kubernetes
2 180 (7.04%) Terraform
3 106 (4.14%) Ansible
4 59 (2.31%) Prometheus
5 47 (1.84%) Puppet
6 38 (1.49%) Kibana
7 31 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (0.94%) logstash
9 22 (0.86%) Zipkin
10 21 (0.82%) Nagios
11 15 (0.59%) Grafana
12 11 (0.43%) Salt
13 10 (0.39%) Packer
14 7 (0.27%) FortiGate
14 7 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
14 7 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
15 6 (0.23%) Argo
15 6 (0.23%) Oozie
16 4 (0.16%) Consul
16 4 (0.16%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 310 (12.12%) Oracle
2 247 (9.66%) Google
3 100 (3.91%) Splunk
4 78 (3.05%) Microsoft
5 67 (2.62%) MuleSoft
6 65 (2.54%) Sybase
7 49 (1.92%) SAP
8 40 (1.56%) ION Trading
9 38 (1.49%) AppDynamics
10 36 (1.41%) Databricks
11 34 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
12 32 (1.25%) IBM
13 31 (1.21%) Bloomberg
14 27 (1.06%) Cloudera
15 25 (0.98%) Red Hat
16 24 (0.94%) Atlassian
17 19 (0.74%) Hortonworks
17 19 (0.74%) Tableau
18 16 (0.63%) Cisco
19 14 (0.55%) Murex