Period
to 23 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 6,132 7,629 6,117
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.23% 16.72% 15.53%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.88% 34.40% 33.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,417 5,797 4,535
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +2.44%
10th Percentile £413 £410 £375
90th Percentile £713 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 34 16
London median hourly rate £50.00 £26.69 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +87.37% -23.76% -12.50%
10th Percentile £35.00 £17.18 £26.29
90th Percentile £57.90 £84.50 £142.50
England median hourly rate £46.00 £42.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year +8.24% +2.41% +7.10%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 19,233 22,177 18,203
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.78% 48.61% 46.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,462 16,922 13,556
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £356 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £485 £475 £445
% change year-on-year +2.11% +6.74% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 129 210 122
London median hourly rate £36.00 £41.46 £43.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.16% -3.87% +44.62%
10th Percentile £19.78 £17.94 £17.78
90th Percentile £55.70 £56.29 £55.84
England median hourly rate £43.00 £40.75 £41.50
% change year-on-year +5.52% -1.81% +7.10%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,367 £550 +0.05% 435
South London -1 260 £525 -2.78% 25
East London +2 227 £550 - 45
West London -5 185 £525 - 133
North London -13 7 £525 +7.69% 8
Java
England

For the 6 months to 23 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,083 (50.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,553 (25.33%) Amazon AWS
3 1,516 (24.72%) TDD
4 1,500 (24.46%) Python
5 1,482 (24.17%) Microservices
6 1,477 (24.09%) Spring
7 1,476 (24.07%) DevOps
8 1,457 (23.76%) Finance
9 1,380 (22.50%) JavaScript
10 1,292 (21.07%) Docker
11 1,278 (20.84%) Jenkins
12 1,087 (17.73%) SQL
13 1,054 (17.19%) Java 8
14 1,044 (17.03%) Banking
15 1,031 (16.81%) Test Automation
16 1,027 (16.75%) Linux
17 982 (16.01%) Kubernetes
18 956 (15.59%) Git (software)
19 879 (14.33%) BDD
19 879 (14.33%) REST
20 872 (14.22%) Web Services
21 869 (14.17%) Scrum
22 835 (13.62%) Continuous Integration
23 742 (12.10%) Spring Boot
24 728 (11.87%) HTML
25 689 (11.24%) RESTful
26 679 (11.07%) Microsoft Azure
27 653 (10.65%) AngularJS
28 634 (10.34%) Software Engineering
29 628 (10.24%) Open Source

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 357 (5.82%) Apache Spark
2 313 (5.10%) Confluence
3 281 (4.58%) Apache
4 257 (4.19%) Elasticsearch
5 202 (3.29%) Tomcat
6 183 (2.98%) WebSphere
7 109 (1.78%) Cloud Foundry
8 100 (1.63%) WebLogic
9 92 (1.50%) JBoss
9 92 (1.50%) nginx
10 71 (1.16%) CMS
11 69 (1.13%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 57 (0.93%) Mule
13 46 (0.75%) Oracle Coherence
14 43 (0.70%) Jetty
15 42 (0.68%) Apache Solr
16 39 (0.64%) SAS
17 38 (0.62%) OpenStack
17 38 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 35 (0.57%) IIS
Applications
1 53 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.20%) Sketch
4 10 (0.16%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.098%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (0.098%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.065%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 4 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.049%) InVision
8 3 (0.049%) Zeplin
9 2 (0.033%) SPSS
10 1 (0.016%) 3ds Max
10 1 (0.016%) Blender
10 1 (0.016%) GIMP
10 1 (0.016%) HipChat
10 1 (0.016%) Maya
10 1 (0.016%) Stata
Business Applications
1 32 (0.52%) Endur
2 29 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
2 29 (0.47%) ION MarketView
3 25 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
4 18 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 15 (0.24%) R3 Corda
5 15 (0.24%) SAP ERP
6 14 (0.23%) Magento
7 12 (0.20%) Maximo
8 11 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
9 8 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
9 8 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.082%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
11 4 (0.065%) Loan IQ
12 3 (0.049%) Actimize
12 3 (0.049%) Oracle Financials
12 3 (0.049%) Retail-J
12 3 (0.049%) SAP Retail
12 3 (0.049%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,553 (25.33%) Amazon AWS
2 679 (11.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 389 (6.34%) Google Cloud Platform
4 322 (5.25%) Amazon EC2
5 320 (5.22%) Serverless
6 279 (4.55%) AWS Lambda
7 276 (4.50%) Amazon S3
8 213 (3.47%) GitHub
9 208 (3.39%) OpenShift
10 173 (2.82%) Amazon SQS
11 161 (2.63%) AWS CloudFormation
12 130 (2.12%) PaaS
13 92 (1.50%) SaaS
14 88 (1.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 86 (1.40%) Apigee
16 74 (1.21%) IaaS
16 74 (1.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 73 (1.19%) Amazon Kinesis
18 59 (0.96%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 58 (0.95%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 247 (4.03%) HTTP
2 143 (2.33%) TCP/IP
3 118 (1.92%) SSL
4 113 (1.84%) DNS
5 107 (1.74%) FTP
6 76 (1.24%) Internet
7 64 (1.04%) DHCP
8 63 (1.03%) IPsec
9 54 (0.88%) Firewall
10 28 (0.46%) Kerberos
11 27 (0.44%) VPN
12 11 (0.18%) HTTPS
13 10 (0.16%) IPFS
13 10 (0.16%) LAN
13 10 (0.16%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
13 10 (0.16%) SAN
14 8 (0.13%) NAS
14 8 (0.13%) SSH
15 7 (0.11%) SMTP
15 7 (0.11%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 609 (9.93%) NoSQL
2 505 (8.24%) Big Data
3 485 (7.91%) MongoDB
4 431 (7.03%) Relational Database
5 357 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
6 330 (5.38%) MySQL
7 313 (5.10%) Hadoop
8 302 (4.92%) SQL Server
9 291 (4.75%) Apache Cassandra
10 205 (3.34%) Amazon RDS
11 160 (2.61%) RDBMS
12 157 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
13 127 (2.07%) Redis
14 108 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 98 (1.60%) HBase
16 96 (1.57%) Apache Hive
17 89 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
18 71 (1.16%) Oracle Database
19 70 (1.14%) Blockchain
20 51 (0.83%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,278 (20.84%) Jenkins
2 956 (15.59%) Git (software)
3 601 (9.80%) Maven
4 537 (8.76%) JIRA
5 442 (7.21%) Cucumber
6 439 (7.16%) Selenium
7 398 (6.49%) JUnit
8 236 (3.85%) Mockito
9 214 (3.49%) Subversion
10 207 (3.38%) Gradle
11 171 (2.79%) Bitbucket
12 153 (2.50%) GitLab
13 135 (2.20%) Artifactory
13 135 (2.20%) TeamCity
14 131 (2.14%) WebDriver
15 116 (1.89%) SonarQube
16 114 (1.86%) Travis CI
17 105 (1.71%) gulp
17 105 (1.71%) Sonatype Nexus
18 97 (1.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,457 (23.76%) Finance
2 1,044 (17.03%) Banking
3 559 (9.12%) Front Office
4 282 (4.60%) Investment Banking
5 201 (3.28%) Retail
6 155 (2.53%) Marketing
7 96 (1.57%) Financial Institution
8 86 (1.40%) Games
9 71 (1.16%) Telecoms
10 52 (0.85%) Back Office
11 51 (0.83%) Legal
12 47 (0.77%) Advertising
13 43 (0.70%) Retail Banking
14 30 (0.49%) Electronics
15 29 (0.47%) Manufacturing
16 22 (0.36%) Publishing
17 18 (0.29%) Law
18 14 (0.23%) French Language
19 11 (0.18%) Automotive
20 10 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 3,708 (60.47%) Developer
2 2,323 (37.88%) Java Developer
3 617 (10.06%) Senior Developer
4 466 (7.60%) DevOps Engineer
5 436 (7.11%) Architect
6 423 (6.90%) Senior Java Developer
7 395 (6.44%) Full Stack Developer
8 311 (5.07%) Java Engineer
9 263 (4.29%) AWS Engineer
10 262 (4.27%) AWS Developer
11 219 (3.57%) React Developer
12 201 (3.28%) Python Developer
13 184 (3.00%) Software Engineer
14 179 (2.92%) Data Engineer
15 167 (2.72%) Tester
16 166 (2.71%) AWS DevOps
17 158 (2.58%) Angular Developer
18 146 (2.38%) Lead Developer
19 144 (2.35%) Analyst
19 144 (2.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,477 (24.09%) Spring
2 879 (14.33%) REST
3 872 (14.22%) Web Services
4 742 (12.10%) Spring Boot
5 728 (11.87%) HTML
6 689 (11.24%) RESTful
7 653 (10.65%) AngularJS
8 623 (10.16%) Node.js
9 621 (10.13%) Kafka
10 554 (9.03%) React
11 508 (8.28%) CSS
12 445 (7.26%) J2EE
13 401 (6.54%) .NET
14 396 (6.46%) HTML5
15 390 (6.36%) JSON
16 374 (6.10%) SOAP
17 326 (5.32%) XML
18 320 (5.22%) Hibernate
19 232 (3.78%) JMS
20 194 (3.16%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 490 (7.99%) Greenfield Project
2 332 (5.41%) Fintech
3 276 (4.50%) Analytical Skills
4 231 (3.77%) User Experience
5 222 (3.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 220 (3.59%) Fixed Income
7 197 (3.21%) Algorithms
8 192 (3.13%) Data Structures
8 192 (3.13%) Derivative
9 162 (2.64%) Mobile App
10 134 (2.19%) Equities
11 103 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
12 93 (1.52%) Virtual Team
13 76 (1.24%) Public Cloud
13 76 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
14 73 (1.19%) Cloud Native
15 68 (1.11%) Equity Derivative
15 68 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
16 60 (0.98%) Credit Risk
17 59 (0.96%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,027 (16.75%) Linux
2 446 (7.27%) Unix
3 266 (4.34%) Windows
4 223 (3.64%) Android
5 127 (2.07%) Apple iOS
6 87 (1.42%) Mac OS X
7 63 (1.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.52%) Ubuntu
8 32 (0.52%) Windows Server
9 28 (0.46%) Solaris
10 25 (0.41%) CentOS
11 14 (0.23%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.11%) Kali Linux
13 7 (0.11%) VMS
14 4 (0.065%) Debian
15 3 (0.049%) AIX
15 3 (0.049%) Embedded Linux
15 3 (0.049%) Fedora
15 3 (0.049%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,083 (50.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,516 (24.72%) TDD
3 1,482 (24.17%) Microservices
4 1,476 (24.07%) DevOps
5 1,031 (16.81%) Test Automation
6 879 (14.33%) BDD
7 869 (14.17%) Scrum
8 835 (13.62%) Continuous Integration
9 634 (10.34%) Software Engineering
10 628 (10.24%) Open Source
11 468 (7.63%) OO
12 461 (7.52%) Multithreading
13 414 (6.75%) SDLC
14 399 (6.51%) Problem-Solving
15 394 (6.43%) E-Commerce
16 331 (5.40%) Continuous Delivery
17 325 (5.30%) Analytics
18 323 (5.27%) Kanban
19 288 (4.70%) Computer Science
20 286 (4.66%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,500 (24.46%) Python
2 1,380 (22.50%) JavaScript
3 1,087 (17.73%) SQL
4 1,054 (17.19%) Java 8
5 536 (8.74%) Scala
6 465 (7.58%) C#
7 346 (5.64%) C++
8 314 (5.12%) Ruby
9 263 (4.29%) Bash Shell
10 205 (3.34%) Kotlin
11 203 (3.31%) Perl
12 180 (2.94%) Go
13 179 (2.92%) TypeScript
14 167 (2.72%) Groovy
15 166 (2.71%) ES6
16 162 (2.64%) Shell Script
17 126 (2.05%) C
18 122 (1.99%) PHP
19 98 (1.60%) PowerShell
20 92 (1.50%) R
Qualifications
1 381 (6.21%) Security Cleared
2 353 (5.76%) Degree
3 288 (4.70%) SC Cleared
4 94 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 64 (1.04%) DV Cleared
6 60 (0.98%) AWS Certification
7 48 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
8 41 (0.67%) PhD
9 31 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
10 29 (0.47%) CTC Cleared
10 29 (0.47%) ISTQB
11 27 (0.44%) Master's Degree
12 20 (0.33%) CISSP
13 18 (0.29%) Sun Certification
14 17 (0.28%) ISEB
15 15 (0.24%) DBS Check
16 10 (0.16%) CEH
17 9 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
18 7 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
18 7 (0.11%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 385 (6.28%) QA
2 40 (0.65%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.39%) GDPR
4 19 (0.31%) PSD2
5 15 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
6 12 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 9 (0.15%) MiFID
9 7 (0.11%) PMO
9 7 (0.11%) SLA
9 7 (0.11%) WCAG
10 6 (0.098%) HIPAA
10 6 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.065%) SEPA
11 4 (0.065%) Solvency II
12 3 (0.049%) EMIR
13 2 (0.033%) COBIT
13 2 (0.033%) Dodd-Frank
14 1 (0.016%) HL7
14 1 (0.016%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,292 (21.07%) Docker
2 107 (1.74%) Virtual Machines
3 105 (1.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 61 (0.99%) HDFS
5 41 (0.67%) vSphere
6 39 (0.64%) Active Directory
7 33 (0.54%) Xen
8 28 (0.46%) Apache Flume
9 23 (0.38%) OpenAM
10 21 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 19 (0.31%) OpenDJ
12 15 (0.24%) KVM
13 13 (0.21%) OpenIDM
14 12 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
15 5 (0.082%) Firmware
15 5 (0.082%) LXC
16 3 (0.049%) VirtualBox
16 3 (0.049%) VMware Workstation
17 2 (0.033%) ISA Server
17 2 (0.033%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 982 (16.01%) Kubernetes
2 558 (9.10%) Ansible
3 543 (8.86%) Terraform
4 316 (5.15%) Puppet
5 196 (3.20%) Opscode Chef
6 90 (1.47%) Kibana
7 56 (0.91%) logstash
8 48 (0.78%) Grafana
9 37 (0.60%) Mesos
10 34 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
11 32 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
12 30 (0.49%) Packer
13 27 (0.44%) Prometheus
13 27 (0.44%) Rancher
14 24 (0.39%) Consul
14 24 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
15 23 (0.38%) Control-M
16 22 (0.36%) Istio
16 22 (0.36%) Salt
16 22 (0.36%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 513 (8.37%) Oracle
2 318 (5.19%) Google
3 213 (3.47%) Microsoft
4 149 (2.43%) Splunk
5 130 (2.12%) MuleSoft
6 115 (1.88%) VMware
7 110 (1.79%) IBM
8 97 (1.58%) Red Hat
8 97 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
9 89 (1.45%) Atlassian
10 87 (1.42%) hybris
11 84 (1.37%) SAP
12 82 (1.34%) Adobe
13 68 (1.11%) Sybase
14 64 (1.04%) TIBCO
15 48 (0.78%) AppDynamics
16 41 (0.67%) ION Trading
16 41 (0.67%) New Relic
16 41 (0.67%) ServiceNow
17 39 (0.64%) Tableau