Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 5,540 7,722 7,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.48% 16.98% 17.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.66% 33.80% 36.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,013 5,765 5,820
London median daily rate £575 £550 £530
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +6.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £400
90th Percentile £713 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +7.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 19 27
London median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +72.41% -22.94%
10th Percentile £31.10 £13.10 £26.08
90th Percentile £59.75 £100.75 £41.75
England median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.22% +12.50% +11.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,072 22,849 21,354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.25% 50.25% 48.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,653 17,407 15,968
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £340
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 147 149
London median hourly rate £45.00 £39.00 £36.31
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +7.41% +14.48%
10th Percentile £20.90 £18.00 £17.15
90th Percentile £61.20 £62.68 £52.10
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,211 £561 +2.05% 527
South London 0 253 £525 - 36
West London -7 162 £525 - 182
East London +1 146 £550 - 75
North London -3 10 £525 -14.29% 10
Java
England

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,834 (51.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,621 (29.26%) Python
3 1,526 (27.55%) Finance
4 1,468 (26.50%) AWS
5 1,462 (26.39%) Microservices
6 1,391 (25.11%) JavaScript
7 1,270 (22.92%) DevOps
8 1,267 (22.87%) TDD
9 1,259 (22.73%) Docker
10 1,168 (21.08%) Spring
11 974 (17.58%) SQL
12 934 (16.86%) Banking
13 895 (16.16%) Jenkins
14 869 (15.69%) Kubernetes
15 853 (15.40%) Linux
16 838 (15.13%) Java 8
17 824 (14.87%) Web Services
18 754 (13.61%) Test Automation
19 748 (13.50%) Software Engineering
20 747 (13.48%) Git (software)
21 741 (13.38%) Scrum
22 728 (13.14%) AngularJS
23 673 (12.15%) React
24 658 (11.88%) Node.js
25 643 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
26 630 (11.37%) Spring Boot
27 625 (11.28%) Kafka
28 614 (11.08%) Front Office
29 599 (10.81%) Azure
30 597 (10.78%) BDD

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 340 (6.14%) Apache Spark
2 251 (4.53%) Confluence
3 223 (4.03%) Apache
4 194 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
5 98 (1.77%) Tomcat
6 80 (1.44%) JBoss
7 69 (1.25%) WebSphere
8 57 (1.03%) CMS
9 50 (0.90%) Apache Solr
10 48 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 43 (0.78%) WebLogic
12 42 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
13 37 (0.67%) nginx
14 32 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
15 29 (0.52%) SharePoint
16 25 (0.45%) Jetty
16 25 (0.45%) Magnolia
17 23 (0.42%) Oracle Coherence
17 23 (0.42%) SAS
18 22 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 22 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.29%) Sketch
3 13 (0.23%) Photoshop
4 10 (0.18%) Zeplin
5 9 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
7 5 (0.090%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.090%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.090%) InVision
8 4 (0.072%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.072%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.036%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.018%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.018%) GIMP
10 1 (0.018%) Marvel
10 1 (0.018%) SPSS
10 1 (0.018%) Stata
Business Applications
1 23 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 22 (0.40%) Magento
3 21 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 21 (0.38%) ION MarketView
4 18 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 15 (0.27%) R3 Corda
5 15 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
6 10 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
6 10 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 9 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
7 9 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
7 9 (0.16%) Markit EDM
7 9 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 8 (0.14%) PolarLake
9 7 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
9 7 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
10 6 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
11 5 (0.090%) Remedy ITSM
11 5 (0.090%) Shopify
11 5 (0.090%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,468 (26.50%) AWS
2 599 (10.81%) Azure
3 422 (7.62%) Serverless
4 363 (6.55%) GCP
5 330 (5.96%) AWS Lambda
6 314 (5.67%) Amazon S3
7 257 (4.64%) Amazon EC2
8 251 (4.53%) GitHub
9 220 (3.97%) OpenShift
10 209 (3.77%) Amazon SQS
11 154 (2.78%) Amazon ECS
12 151 (2.73%) AWS CloudFormation
13 102 (1.84%) PaaS
14 99 (1.79%) Amazon Kinesis
15 65 (1.17%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 63 (1.14%) SaaS
17 58 (1.05%) IaaS
18 57 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
19 55 (0.99%) npm
20 53 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 154 (2.78%) HTTP
2 97 (1.75%) TCP/IP
3 64 (1.16%) FTP
4 59 (1.06%) DNS
5 58 (1.05%) Firewall
6 52 (0.94%) SSL
7 44 (0.79%) Internet
8 29 (0.52%) DHCP
9 23 (0.42%) IPsec
10 18 (0.32%) VPN
11 17 (0.31%) Kerberos
12 13 (0.23%) Multicast
13 12 (0.22%) SSH
14 11 (0.20%) WAN
15 8 (0.14%) BGP
15 8 (0.14%) HTTPS
15 8 (0.14%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
16 7 (0.13%) EIGRP
16 7 (0.13%) IPFS
16 7 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 442 (7.98%) NoSQL
2 418 (7.55%) Big Data
3 370 (6.68%) MongoDB
4 344 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
5 321 (5.79%) Hadoop
5 321 (5.79%) Relational Database
6 302 (5.45%) MySQL
7 227 (4.10%) Amazon RDS
8 216 (3.90%) SQL Server
9 188 (3.39%) Amazon Redshift
10 182 (3.29%) Apache Cassandra
11 164 (2.96%) RDBMS
12 120 (2.17%) Apache Hive
13 119 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 111 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
15 84 (1.52%) HBase
16 76 (1.37%) BigQuery
17 75 (1.35%) Redis
18 71 (1.28%) Blockchain
19 61 (1.10%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 895 (16.16%) Jenkins
2 747 (13.48%) Git (software)
3 428 (7.73%) JIRA
4 388 (7.00%) Maven
5 304 (5.49%) JUnit
5 304 (5.49%) Selenium
6 289 (5.22%) Cucumber
7 176 (3.18%) Mockito
8 154 (2.78%) Gradle
9 141 (2.55%) Artifactory
10 139 (2.51%) TeamCity
11 137 (2.47%) Subversion
12 128 (2.31%) Bitbucket
13 122 (2.20%) GitLab
14 92 (1.66%) SonarQube
15 89 (1.61%) RStudio
16 80 (1.44%) Travis CI
17 76 (1.37%) JMeter
17 76 (1.37%) Sonatype Nexus
18 75 (1.35%) WebDriver
General
1 1,526 (27.55%) Finance
2 934 (16.86%) Banking
3 614 (11.08%) Front Office
4 332 (5.99%) Investment Banking
5 183 (3.30%) Public Sector
6 157 (2.83%) Retail
7 119 (2.15%) Marketing
8 90 (1.62%) Games
9 68 (1.23%) Financial Institution
10 56 (1.01%) Advertising
11 52 (0.94%) Retail Banking
12 44 (0.79%) Telecoms
13 37 (0.67%) Legal
14 28 (0.51%) Manufacturing
15 26 (0.47%) Publishing
16 24 (0.43%) Back Office
16 24 (0.43%) Electronics
17 19 (0.34%) Law
18 11 (0.20%) Automotive
19 10 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,348 (60.43%) Developer
2 2,035 (36.73%) Java Developer
3 573 (10.34%) Senior Developer
4 410 (7.40%) Architect
5 380 (6.86%) Senior Java Developer
6 379 (6.84%) Full Stack Developer
7 361 (6.52%) DevOps Engineer
8 306 (5.52%) Java Engineer
9 303 (5.47%) AWS Engineer
10 298 (5.38%) React Developer
11 280 (5.05%) AWS Developer
12 233 (4.21%) Software Engineer
13 216 (3.90%) Data Engineer
14 190 (3.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 183 (3.30%) Angular Developer
16 175 (3.16%) Python Developer
17 141 (2.55%) Lead Developer
18 134 (2.42%) JavaScript Developer
19 133 (2.40%) Agile Developer
20 125 (2.26%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,168 (21.08%) Spring
2 824 (14.87%) Web Services
3 728 (13.14%) AngularJS
4 673 (12.15%) React
5 658 (11.88%) Node.js
6 630 (11.37%) Spring Boot
7 625 (11.28%) Kafka
8 581 (10.49%) REST
9 575 (10.38%) HTML
10 523 (9.44%) RESTful
11 451 (8.14%) CSS
12 380 (6.86%) J2EE
13 326 (5.88%) JSON
14 306 (5.52%) .NET
15 276 (4.98%) HTML5
16 267 (4.82%) Hibernate
17 246 (4.44%) SOAP
18 233 (4.21%) XML
19 192 (3.47%) Redux
20 140 (2.53%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 473 (8.54%) Greenfield Project
2 276 (4.98%) Derivative
2 276 (4.98%) Fixed Income
3 228 (4.12%) Analytical Skills
4 227 (4.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 226 (4.08%) User Experience
6 170 (3.07%) Equities
7 156 (2.82%) Algorithms
8 136 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
9 135 (2.44%) Mobile App
10 134 (2.42%) Data Structures
11 93 (1.68%) Public Cloud
12 85 (1.53%) Virtual Team
13 79 (1.43%) Cloud Native
14 78 (1.41%) Equity Derivative
15 74 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
16 46 (0.83%) Self-Motivation
17 43 (0.78%) Hedge funds
18 38 (0.69%) Reference Data
19 36 (0.65%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 853 (15.40%) Linux
2 400 (7.22%) Unix
3 236 (4.26%) Windows
4 192 (3.47%) Android
5 83 (1.50%) Apple iOS
6 74 (1.34%) Mac OS X
7 71 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 42 (0.76%) Ubuntu
9 40 (0.72%) Windows Server
10 39 (0.70%) Mac OS
11 29 (0.52%) CentOS
12 22 (0.40%) Solaris
13 21 (0.38%) Debian
14 14 (0.25%) AIX
15 11 (0.20%) openSUSE
16 8 (0.14%) VMS
17 7 (0.13%) Kali Linux
18 6 (0.11%) Windows 10
19 5 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
20 3 (0.054%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,834 (51.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,462 (26.39%) Microservices
3 1,270 (22.92%) DevOps
4 1,267 (22.87%) TDD
5 754 (13.61%) Test Automation
6 748 (13.50%) Software Engineering
7 741 (13.38%) Scrum
8 643 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
9 597 (10.78%) BDD
10 483 (8.72%) Open Source
11 429 (7.74%) Fintech
12 422 (7.62%) OO
13 355 (6.41%) Analytics
14 331 (5.97%) SDLC
15 329 (5.94%) Front End Development
16 319 (5.76%) Problem-Solving
17 313 (5.65%) Multithreading
18 301 (5.43%) Kanban
19 299 (5.40%) Pair Programming
20 291 (5.25%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 1,621 (29.26%) Python
2 1,391 (25.11%) JavaScript
3 974 (17.58%) SQL
4 838 (15.13%) Java 8
5 543 (9.80%) Scala
6 482 (8.70%) C#
7 400 (7.22%) C++
8 320 (5.78%) Ruby
9 245 (4.42%) Kotlin
10 230 (4.15%) Go
11 210 (3.79%) TypeScript
12 192 (3.47%) Bash Shell
13 165 (2.98%) ES6
14 156 (2.82%) Perl
15 148 (2.67%) R
16 138 (2.49%) Groovy
17 124 (2.24%) PowerShell
18 114 (2.06%) C
19 113 (2.04%) Shell Script
20 95 (1.71%) PHP
Qualifications
1 380 (6.86%) Security Cleared
2 321 (5.79%) Degree
3 276 (4.98%) SC Cleared
4 83 (1.50%) AWS Certification
5 77 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
6 53 (0.96%) DV Cleared
7 51 (0.92%) PhD
8 37 (0.67%) Master's Degree
9 29 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
10 21 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 19 (0.34%) DBS Check
11 19 (0.34%) ISEB
12 17 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
12 17 (0.31%) CISSP
13 16 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
14 12 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
15 9 (0.16%) CEH
15 9 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
15 9 (0.16%) SANS
16 7 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 265 (4.78%) QA
2 27 (0.49%) GDPR
3 19 (0.34%) PCI DSS
4 17 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.27%) MiFID
5 15 (0.27%) NIST
6 14 (0.25%) COBIT
6 14 (0.25%) Data Quality
7 12 (0.22%) PSD2
7 12 (0.22%) WCAG
8 9 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
9 7 (0.13%) PMO
9 7 (0.13%) SLA
10 5 (0.090%) EMIR
11 4 (0.072%) GMP
12 3 (0.054%) ISO 8583
12 3 (0.054%) SEPA
13 2 (0.036%) HL7
13 2 (0.036%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 1 (0.018%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,259 (22.73%) Docker
2 60 (1.08%) HDFS
3 48 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
4 44 (0.79%) VMware Infrastructure
5 21 (0.38%) vSphere
6 20 (0.36%) Active Directory
7 18 (0.32%) Apache Flume
7 18 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 11 (0.20%) KVM
8 11 (0.20%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 10 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (0.090%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.072%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.072%) LXC
12 4 (0.072%) VMware Workstation
13 3 (0.054%) Firmware
13 3 (0.054%) OpenAM
14 2 (0.036%) ISA Server
15 1 (0.018%) Xen
Systems Management
1 869 (15.69%) Kubernetes
2 517 (9.33%) Terraform
3 446 (8.05%) Ansible
4 209 (3.77%) Puppet
5 145 (2.62%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (1.03%) Grafana
7 44 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
8 41 (0.74%) Prometheus
9 38 (0.69%) Salt
10 37 (0.67%) Kibana
11 22 (0.40%) Istio
12 21 (0.38%) Consul
12 21 (0.38%) logstash
12 21 (0.38%) Nessus
12 21 (0.38%) Packer
13 18 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
13 18 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
14 17 (0.31%) ZABBIX
15 16 (0.29%) linkerd
16 15 (0.27%) Nagios
Vendors
1 418 (7.55%) Oracle
2 274 (4.95%) Google
3 152 (2.74%) Microsoft
4 108 (1.95%) MuleSoft
5 107 (1.93%) Splunk
6 106 (1.91%) Red Hat
7 102 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
8 89 (1.61%) IBM
9 78 (1.41%) Sybase
10 69 (1.25%) Atlassian
11 68 (1.23%) TIBCO
12 64 (1.16%) Adobe
12 64 (1.16%) Bloomberg
13 63 (1.14%) SAP
13 63 (1.14%) VMware
14 54 (0.97%) Reuters
15 45 (0.81%) hybris
16 37 (0.67%) New Relic
17 36 (0.65%) Informatica
18 34 (0.61%) Cloudera