Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 3,738 6,779 7,926
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 15.00% 15.87% 17.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.35% 32.93% 35.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,793 5,059 6,127
Median daily rate £560 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.82% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £406
90th Percentile £725 £703 £713
England median daily rate £538 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 26 29
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £26.78
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +34.45% -33.06%
10th Percentile £31.70 £28.62 £21.25
90th Percentile £65.03 £63.33 £88.25
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.75
% change year-on-year -22.22% +7.78% +4.38%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,925 20,585 22,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.86% 48.18% 48.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,652 15,535 17,233
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £351
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 123 122 204
Median hourly rate £44.02 £35.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.00% +1.43% -20.45%
10th Percentile £24.50 £19.03 £17.75
90th Percentile £68.71 £53.75 £50.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 725 £575 +4.55% 288
South London -1 198 £519 -1.19% 29
East London -1 75 £550 -4.35% 40
West London -9 75 £525 - 122
North London +14 7 £388 -8.82% 11
Java
England

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,816 (48.58%) Agile Software Development
2 997 (26.67%) Finance
3 984 (26.32%) Python
4 960 (25.68%) AWS
5 926 (24.77%) Microservices
6 922 (24.67%) Spring
7 860 (23.01%) DevOps
8 783 (20.95%) SQL
9 780 (20.87%) JavaScript
10 727 (19.45%) TDD
11 686 (18.35%) Banking
12 684 (18.30%) Docker
13 662 (17.71%) Jenkins
14 622 (16.64%) Web Services
15 604 (16.16%) Software Engineering
16 563 (15.06%) Kubernetes
17 546 (14.61%) Java 8
18 542 (14.50%) Spring Boot
19 526 (14.07%) Test Automation
20 522 (13.96%) Oracle
21 517 (13.83%) Front Office
22 510 (13.64%) Azure
23 504 (13.48%) Git (software)
24 482 (12.89%) Scrum
25 478 (12.79%) AngularJS
26 457 (12.23%) Linux
27 448 (11.99%) Security Cleared
28 442 (11.82%) REST
29 425 (11.37%) Continuous Integration
30 401 (10.73%) React

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (4.92%) Confluence
2 173 (4.63%) Apache Spark
3 137 (3.67%) WebLogic
4 117 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
5 104 (2.78%) Apache
6 82 (2.19%) Tomcat
7 80 (2.14%) JBoss
8 68 (1.82%) WebSphere
9 57 (1.52%) Red Hat Fuse
10 45 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
10 45 (1.20%) MQSeries
11 41 (1.10%) CMS
12 36 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 27 (0.72%) Camunda
14 25 (0.67%) Oracle Coherence
14 25 (0.67%) SharePoint
15 22 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 18 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
16 18 (0.48%) nginx
17 17 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 17 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.37%) Photoshop
3 12 (0.32%) Sketch
4 5 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.11%) InDesign
6 3 (0.080%) InVision
7 2 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.027%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.027%) Weka
8 1 (0.027%) Windchill
8 1 (0.027%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 51 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.99%) FINCAD Analytics
3 15 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 12 (0.32%) ION MarketView
4 12 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
5 10 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.27%) Magento
5 10 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 10 (0.27%) Shopify
6 8 (0.21%) Oracle AML
7 5 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
8 4 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.11%) Orchestrade
8 4 (0.11%) thinkFolio
8 4 (0.11%) Visualfiles
9 3 (0.080%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 2 (0.054%) Oracle Payables
10 2 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.054%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 960 (25.68%) AWS
2 510 (13.64%) Azure
3 348 (9.31%) GCP
4 182 (4.87%) OpenShift
5 149 (3.99%) Serverless
6 139 (3.72%) GitHub
7 133 (3.56%) Amazon S3
8 121 (3.24%) Amazon EC2
8 121 (3.24%) AWS Lambda
9 102 (2.73%) Amazon SQS
10 97 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
11 91 (2.43%) Amazon ECS
12 57 (1.52%) Power Platform
13 56 (1.50%) PaaS
14 49 (1.31%) SaaS
15 40 (1.07%) AWS Step Functions
16 35 (0.94%) Apigee
17 32 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
18 23 (0.62%) IaaS
18 23 (0.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 112 (3.00%) HTTP
2 67 (1.79%) Firewall
3 46 (1.23%) SSL
4 45 (1.20%) TCP/IP
5 36 (0.96%) Internet
6 27 (0.72%) VPN
7 24 (0.64%) Kerberos
8 20 (0.54%) DNS
9 17 (0.45%) WAN
10 16 (0.43%) HTTPS
11 15 (0.40%) DMZ
11 15 (0.40%) FTP
12 13 (0.35%) Wireless
13 11 (0.29%) DHCP
14 10 (0.27%) Network Security
14 10 (0.27%) SNMP
15 9 (0.24%) RTMP
16 8 (0.21%) LAN
17 7 (0.19%) DOCSIS
17 7 (0.19%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (7.70%) NoSQL
2 230 (6.15%) Relational Database
3 218 (5.83%) SQL Server
4 206 (5.51%) Big Data
5 198 (5.30%) MongoDB
6 185 (4.95%) PostgreSQL
7 149 (3.99%) MySQL
8 138 (3.69%) Hadoop
9 128 (3.42%) Amazon RDS
10 113 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
11 104 (2.78%) RDBMS
12 97 (2.59%) Amazon Redshift
13 86 (2.30%) Redis
14 75 (2.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 71 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
15 71 (1.90%) Oracle Database
16 64 (1.71%) HBase
17 62 (1.66%) Amazon Athena
18 56 (1.50%) Power BI
19 53 (1.42%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 662 (17.71%) Jenkins
2 504 (13.48%) Git (software)
3 368 (9.84%) JIRA
4 360 (9.63%) Maven
5 299 (8.00%) JUnit
6 197 (5.27%) Selenium
7 196 (5.24%) Cucumber
8 174 (4.65%) Gradle
9 148 (3.96%) Mockito
10 114 (3.05%) Artifactory
11 110 (2.94%) GitLab
12 108 (2.89%) Subversion
13 84 (2.25%) Bitbucket
14 78 (2.09%) Ant
15 77 (2.06%) WebDriver
16 69 (1.85%) TeamCity
17 66 (1.77%) RStudio
18 57 (1.52%) Postman
19 55 (1.47%) SoapUI
19 55 (1.47%) SonarQube
General
1 997 (26.67%) Finance
2 686 (18.35%) Banking
3 517 (13.83%) Front Office
4 299 (8.00%) Investment Banking
5 159 (4.25%) Public Sector
6 68 (1.82%) Retail
7 52 (1.39%) Marketing
8 46 (1.23%) Games
9 40 (1.07%) Financial Institution
10 36 (0.96%) Back Office
11 34 (0.91%) Telecoms
12 25 (0.67%) Retail Banking
13 23 (0.62%) Law
13 23 (0.62%) Manufacturing
14 20 (0.54%) Publishing
15 15 (0.40%) Legal
16 12 (0.32%) Automotive
16 12 (0.32%) Electronics
17 10 (0.27%) Advertising
17 10 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,243 (60.01%) Developer
2 1,422 (38.04%) Java Developer
3 326 (8.72%) Senior Developer
4 275 (7.36%) Architect
5 253 (6.77%) Full Stack Developer
6 249 (6.66%) AWS Developer
7 246 (6.58%) Java Engineer
8 201 (5.38%) DevOps Engineer
9 193 (5.16%) Senior Java Developer
10 187 (5.00%) Software Engineer
11 176 (4.71%) AWS Engineer
12 126 (3.37%) Front Office Developer
13 120 (3.21%) Python Developer
14 113 (3.02%) Data Engineer
15 110 (2.94%) React Developer
16 95 (2.54%) Electronic Trading Developer
17 92 (2.46%) Angular Developer
18 90 (2.41%) Lead Developer
19 89 (2.38%) Python Engineer
20 87 (2.33%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 922 (24.67%) Spring
2 622 (16.64%) Web Services
3 542 (14.50%) Spring Boot
4 478 (12.79%) AngularJS
5 442 (11.82%) REST
6 401 (10.73%) React
7 400 (10.70%) HTML
8 355 (9.50%) Kafka
8 355 (9.50%) RESTful
9 320 (8.56%) Node.js
10 279 (7.46%) .NET
10 279 (7.46%) J2EE
11 276 (7.38%) CSS
12 241 (6.45%) XML
13 216 (5.78%) Hibernate
14 211 (5.64%) SOAP
15 209 (5.59%) JSON
16 178 (4.76%) HTML5
17 132 (3.53%) Apache Camel
18 128 (3.42%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 356 (9.52%) Fixed Income
2 329 (8.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 270 (7.22%) Greenfield Project
4 254 (6.80%) Derivative
5 209 (5.59%) Equities
6 201 (5.38%) Analytical Skills
7 152 (4.07%) Hedge funds
8 141 (3.77%) User Experience
9 120 (3.21%) Data Structures
10 115 (3.08%) Algorithms
11 107 (2.86%) Mobile App
12 99 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
13 62 (1.66%) Equity Derivative
14 57 (1.52%) Blog
15 49 (1.31%) Virtual Team
16 47 (1.26%) Cloud Native
17 45 (1.20%) Public Cloud
18 43 (1.15%) Market Risk
19 42 (1.12%) Credit Risk
19 42 (1.12%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 457 (12.23%) Linux
2 224 (5.99%) Unix
3 174 (4.65%) Android
4 146 (3.91%) Windows
5 70 (1.87%) Apple iOS
6 63 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 24 (0.64%) Mac OS X
7 24 (0.64%) Ubuntu
8 19 (0.51%) Solaris
9 17 (0.45%) CentOS
10 8 (0.21%) Debian
10 8 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
10 8 (0.21%) Windows 10
10 8 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.19%) AIX
12 6 (0.16%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.080%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,816 (48.58%) Agile Software Development
2 926 (24.77%) Microservices
3 860 (23.01%) DevOps
4 727 (19.45%) TDD
5 604 (16.16%) Software Engineering
6 526 (14.07%) Test Automation
7 482 (12.89%) Scrum
8 425 (11.37%) Continuous Integration
9 380 (10.17%) BDD
10 313 (8.37%) Multithreading
11 289 (7.73%) Open Source
12 287 (7.68%) Asset Management
13 223 (5.97%) OO
14 222 (5.94%) Computer Science
15 211 (5.64%) SDLC
16 210 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
17 201 (5.38%) Analytics
18 193 (5.16%) Fintech
19 190 (5.08%) Low Latency
20 181 (4.84%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 984 (26.32%) Python
2 783 (20.95%) SQL
3 780 (20.87%) JavaScript
4 546 (14.61%) Java 8
5 347 (9.28%) C#
6 283 (7.57%) Scala
7 244 (6.53%) C++
8 220 (5.89%) Kotlin
9 156 (4.17%) PL/SQL
10 149 (3.99%) R
11 122 (3.26%) Ruby
12 113 (3.02%) TypeScript
13 107 (2.86%) Groovy
14 91 (2.43%) Go
15 87 (2.33%) Bash Shell
16 77 (2.06%) PHP
17 75 (2.01%) Shell Script
18 66 (1.77%) Perl
19 61 (1.63%) PowerShell
19 61 (1.63%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 448 (11.99%) Security Cleared
2 377 (10.09%) SC Cleared
3 221 (5.91%) Degree
4 104 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (1.28%) DV Cleared
6 41 (1.10%) Master's Degree
7 30 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
8 27 (0.72%) ISTQB
9 22 (0.59%) ISEB
10 14 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.35%) CISSP
12 12 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
13 11 (0.29%) DBS Check
13 11 (0.29%) PhD
14 10 (0.27%) AWS Certification
14 10 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
15 9 (0.24%) SANS
16 8 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 7 (0.19%) CCNA
17 7 (0.19%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (4.82%) QA
2 28 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.37%) WCAG
4 13 (0.35%) GDPR
5 12 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 7 (0.19%) MiFID
7 6 (0.16%) PMO
7 6 (0.16%) PSD2
8 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.080%) Basel III
10 3 (0.080%) COBIT
10 3 (0.080%) Government Security Classifications
10 3 (0.080%) NCSC
10 3 (0.080%) SLA
11 1 (0.027%) GxP
11 1 (0.027%) HL7
11 1 (0.027%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.027%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 684 (18.30%) Docker
2 37 (0.99%) Active Directory
3 25 (0.67%) HDFS
4 16 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
7 9 (0.24%) vSphere
8 7 (0.19%) OpenAM
8 7 (0.19%) OpenDJ
9 6 (0.16%) Postfix
10 5 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.13%) GridGain
11 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.080%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.080%) Firmware
13 2 (0.054%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.054%) LXC
13 2 (0.054%) NFS
14 1 (0.027%) etcd
14 1 (0.027%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 563 (15.06%) Kubernetes
2 309 (8.27%) Terraform
3 220 (5.89%) Ansible
4 114 (3.05%) Puppet
5 77 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (0.86%) Kibana
7 26 (0.70%) Grafana
8 24 (0.64%) Prometheus
9 23 (0.62%) logstash
10 19 (0.51%) Hadoop YARN
10 19 (0.51%) SCCM
10 19 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
11 18 (0.48%) Packer
12 16 (0.43%) Nagios
13 14 (0.37%) Data Guard
14 12 (0.32%) Consul
14 12 (0.32%) ITRS Geneos
15 11 (0.29%) Istio
16 10 (0.27%) Oozie
16 10 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 522 (13.96%) Oracle
2 205 (5.48%) Google
3 178 (4.76%) Microsoft
4 109 (2.92%) Red Hat
5 108 (2.89%) Sybase
6 100 (2.68%) SAP
7 96 (2.57%) Salesforce.com
8 87 (2.33%) MuleSoft
9 61 (1.63%) IBM
10 56 (1.50%) Splunk
11 55 (1.47%) Axway
12 48 (1.28%) hybris
13 42 (1.12%) Adobe
14 33 (0.88%) Cloudera
15 31 (0.83%) Atlassian
15 31 (0.83%) ION Trading
16 30 (0.80%) TIBCO
17 29 (0.78%) webMethods
18 26 (0.70%) HP
19 25 (0.67%) Hortonworks