Period
to 15 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
15 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 7,720 6,848 6,501
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.65% 16.27% 14.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.99% 34.63% 33.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,835 5,024 4,904
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £410 £375 £359
90th Percentile £713 £675 £673
England median daily rate £500 £488 £463
% change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 20 11
London median hourly rate £42.00 £35.00 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% +12.90% -22.50%
10th Percentile £15.05 £26.08 £19.23
90th Percentile £100.75 £56.25 £57.50
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.88% +9.33% -6.25%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,710 19,774 19,599
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.97% 46.98% 43.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,330 14,628 14,800
London median daily rate £513 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.60% +11.00% -
10th Percentile £361 £325 £310
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 149 85
London median hourly rate £42.02 £40.00 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.04% +53.85% +4.00%
10th Percentile £17.52 £17.20 £14.33
90th Percentile £63.38 £52.60 £54.50
England median hourly rate £41.50 £41.13 £37.50
% change year-on-year +0.91% +9.67% +7.14%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 15 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 15 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 15 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,709 £550 - 529
South London +2 385 £525 - 32
West London +4 304 £525 +10.53% 216
East London +2 153 £550 - 82
North London -1 13 £550 +37.50% 10
Java
England

For the 6 months to 15 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,640 (47.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1,841 (23.85%) TDD
3 1,795 (23.25%) Finance
4 1,744 (22.59%) Spring
5 1,610 (20.85%) JavaScript
6 1,586 (20.54%) Amazon AWS
7 1,523 (19.73%) DevOps
8 1,452 (18.81%) Java 8
9 1,382 (17.90%) SQL
10 1,375 (17.81%) Microservices
11 1,371 (17.76%) Python
11 1,371 (17.76%) Banking
12 1,314 (17.02%) Linux
12 1,314 (17.02%) Jenkins
13 1,261 (16.33%) Git (software)
14 1,253 (16.23%) Test Automation
15 1,243 (16.10%) Scrum
16 1,171 (15.17%) REST
17 1,157 (14.99%) Docker
18 1,093 (14.16%) Web Services
19 1,045 (13.54%) Continuous Integration
20 1,035 (13.41%) BDD
21 926 (11.99%) Maven
22 889 (11.52%) HTML
23 883 (11.44%) RESTful
24 857 (11.10%) Unix
25 837 (10.84%) AngularJS
26 804 (10.41%) OO
27 795 (10.30%) NoSQL
28 777 (10.06%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 436 (5.65%) Tomcat
2 434 (5.62%) Apache Spark
3 413 (5.35%) Confluence
4 383 (4.96%) Apache
5 381 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
6 289 (3.74%) WebSphere
7 170 (2.20%) JBoss
8 142 (1.84%) WebLogic
9 113 (1.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 99 (1.28%) OpenStack
11 95 (1.23%) Mule
12 90 (1.17%) Apache Solr
13 86 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
14 77 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 74 (0.96%) nginx
16 73 (0.95%) CMS
17 52 (0.67%) WildFly
18 51 (0.66%) Jetty
19 45 (0.58%) Apache Pig
20 40 (0.52%) Ethereum
Applications
1 56 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (0.43%) Photoshop
3 27 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
5 14 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.12%) Stata
7 8 (0.10%) GIMP
8 5 (0.065%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 5 (0.065%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.065%) Fireworks
8 5 (0.065%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.026%) HipChat
10 2 (0.026%) InVision
11 1 (0.013%) RoboHelp
11 1 (0.013%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 87 (1.13%) ION MarketView
2 25 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
3 17 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
3 17 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
4 15 (0.19%) Actimize
5 11 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 11 (0.14%) R3 Corda
6 10 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 7 (0.091%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.078%) Endur
9 5 (0.065%) Global One
9 5 (0.065%) Oracle Cash Management
9 5 (0.065%) Oracle EBS
10 4 (0.052%) Kondor
10 4 (0.052%) Oracle Applications
10 4 (0.052%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.052%) Oracle General Ledger
10 4 (0.052%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 3 (0.039%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,586 (20.54%) Amazon AWS
2 489 (6.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 240 (3.11%) GitHub
4 221 (2.86%) Amazon S3
5 199 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
6 163 (2.11%) Google Cloud Platform
7 154 (1.99%) Serverless
8 130 (1.68%) AWS Lambda
9 108 (1.40%) PaaS
10 83 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 79 (1.02%) Cloud Computing
12 71 (0.92%) IaaS
13 69 (0.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 66 (0.85%) SaaS
15 65 (0.84%) npm
16 60 (0.78%) OpenShift
17 58 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
17 58 (0.75%) Heroku
18 43 (0.56%) Amazon ELB
19 40 (0.52%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 289 (3.74%) HTTP
2 147 (1.90%) TCP/IP
3 113 (1.46%) SSL
4 106 (1.37%) DNS
5 84 (1.09%) FTP
6 74 (0.96%) Internet
7 59 (0.76%) Kerberos
8 46 (0.60%) Firewall
9 45 (0.58%) SMS
10 32 (0.41%) DHCP
11 27 (0.35%) IPsec
12 26 (0.34%) SSH
13 21 (0.27%) VPN
14 19 (0.25%) AMQP
15 18 (0.23%) Network Security
16 13 (0.17%) OpenLDAP
16 13 (0.17%) RTMP
16 13 (0.17%) WAN
17 12 (0.16%) Skype
18 11 (0.14%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 795 (10.30%) NoSQL
2 672 (8.70%) Relational Database
3 634 (8.21%) Big Data
4 562 (7.28%) MongoDB
5 501 (6.49%) Hadoop
6 480 (6.22%) PostgreSQL
7 473 (6.13%) MySQL
8 382 (4.95%) SQL Server
9 278 (3.60%) Apache Cassandra
10 254 (3.29%) RDBMS
11 228 (2.95%) HBase
12 204 (2.64%) Apache Hive
13 137 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
14 123 (1.59%) Redis
15 118 (1.53%) Oracle Database
16 108 (1.40%) Amazon Redshift
17 107 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
18 104 (1.35%) Blockchain
19 100 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 75 (0.97%) KDB
Development Applications
1 1,314 (17.02%) Jenkins
2 1,261 (16.33%) Git (software)
3 926 (11.99%) Maven
4 633 (8.20%) JIRA
5 581 (7.53%) Selenium
6 550 (7.12%) JUnit
7 542 (7.02%) Cucumber
8 305 (3.95%) Mockito
9 277 (3.59%) Gradle
10 221 (2.86%) Subversion
11 191 (2.47%) WebDriver
12 157 (2.03%) SonarQube
13 134 (1.74%) Sonatype Nexus
14 133 (1.72%) Eclipse
15 126 (1.63%) TeamCity
16 114 (1.48%) JMeter
17 108 (1.40%) Appium
18 105 (1.36%) IntelliJ
19 104 (1.35%) NUnit
20 99 (1.28%) GitLab
General
1 1,795 (23.25%) Finance
2 1,371 (17.76%) Banking
3 702 (9.09%) Front Office
4 479 (6.20%) Investment Banking
5 272 (3.52%) Retail
6 155 (2.01%) Games
7 147 (1.90%) Telecoms
8 116 (1.50%) Financial Institution
9 106 (1.37%) Marketing
10 87 (1.13%) Advertising
11 86 (1.11%) Back Office
12 61 (0.79%) Publishing
13 46 (0.60%) Legal
14 42 (0.54%) Retail Banking
15 40 (0.52%) Law
16 33 (0.43%) Manufacturing
17 24 (0.31%) Automotive
18 23 (0.30%) Electronics
19 15 (0.19%) General Ledger
20 14 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4,791 (62.06%) Developer
2 3,229 (41.83%) Java Developer
3 920 (11.92%) Senior Developer
4 699 (9.05%) Senior Java Developer
5 470 (6.09%) Architect
6 452 (5.85%) DevOps Engineer
7 412 (5.34%) Java Engineer
8 287 (3.72%) Full Stack Developer
9 239 (3.10%) Software Engineer
10 217 (2.81%) AWS Engineer
11 215 (2.78%) Analyst
12 211 (2.73%) Data Engineer
13 200 (2.59%) Electronic Trading Developer
14 198 (2.56%) Lead Developer
15 182 (2.36%) Agile Developer
15 182 (2.36%) AWS Developer
15 182 (2.36%) Front Office Developer
16 178 (2.31%) AWS DevOps
16 178 (2.31%) JavaScript Developer
17 177 (2.29%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,744 (22.59%) Spring
2 1,171 (15.17%) REST
3 1,093 (14.16%) Web Services
4 889 (11.52%) HTML
5 883 (11.44%) RESTful
6 837 (10.84%) AngularJS
7 777 (10.06%) Node.js
8 661 (8.56%) Kafka
8 661 (8.56%) Spring Boot
9 609 (7.89%) Hibernate
10 584 (7.56%) React
11 580 (7.51%) CSS
12 553 (7.16%) XML
13 540 (6.99%) J2EE
14 510 (6.61%) JSON
15 474 (6.14%) SOAP
16 457 (5.92%) HTML5
17 432 (5.60%) .NET
18 356 (4.61%) JMS
19 293 (3.80%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 489 (6.33%) Greenfield Project
2 426 (5.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 379 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
4 335 (4.34%) Computer Science
5 304 (3.94%) Fintech
6 282 (3.65%) User Experience
7 270 (3.50%) Derivative
8 255 (3.30%) Fixed Income
9 252 (3.26%) Mobile App
10 233 (3.02%) Algorithms
11 204 (2.64%) Equities
12 159 (2.06%) Data Structures
13 120 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
14 116 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
15 108 (1.40%) Hedge funds
16 96 (1.24%) Equity Derivative
17 95 (1.23%) Public Cloud
18 94 (1.22%) Self-Motivation
19 67 (0.87%) Virtual Team
20 63 (0.82%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,314 (17.02%) Linux
2 857 (11.10%) Unix
3 367 (4.75%) Android
4 245 (3.17%) Windows
5 205 (2.66%) Apple iOS
6 122 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 95 (1.23%) CentOS
8 66 (0.85%) Ubuntu
9 60 (0.78%) Windows Server
10 57 (0.74%) Mac OS X
11 43 (0.56%) VMS
12 34 (0.44%) Solaris
13 16 (0.21%) HPUX
14 13 (0.17%) AIX
15 12 (0.16%) Debian
16 8 (0.10%) Mac OS
16 8 (0.10%) Windows 10
17 7 (0.091%) Windows Server 2008
18 6 (0.078%) Windows 7
19 5 (0.065%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,640 (47.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1,841 (23.85%) TDD
3 1,523 (19.73%) DevOps
4 1,375 (17.81%) Microservices
5 1,253 (16.23%) Test Automation
6 1,243 (16.10%) Scrum
7 1,045 (13.54%) Continuous Integration
8 1,035 (13.41%) BDD
9 804 (10.41%) OO
10 644 (8.34%) Software Engineering
11 635 (8.23%) Multithreading
12 618 (8.01%) Open Source
13 561 (7.27%) E-Commerce
14 560 (7.25%) Low Latency
15 549 (7.11%) Problem-Solving
16 484 (6.27%) Kanban
17 441 (5.71%) MVC
18 419 (5.43%) Electronic Trading
19 415 (5.38%) Pair Programming
20 402 (5.21%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,610 (20.85%) JavaScript
2 1,452 (18.81%) Java 8
3 1,382 (17.90%) SQL
4 1,371 (17.76%) Python
5 767 (9.94%) Scala
6 587 (7.60%) C#
7 443 (5.74%) C++
8 425 (5.51%) Ruby
9 298 (3.86%) Bash Shell
10 267 (3.46%) Perl
11 265 (3.43%) Groovy
12 204 (2.64%) Shell Script
13 191 (2.47%) PHP
14 177 (2.29%) C
15 170 (2.20%) Kotlin
16 167 (2.16%) ES6
17 164 (2.12%) Go
18 163 (2.11%) TypeScript
19 125 (1.62%) PL/SQL
20 113 (1.46%) R
Qualifications
1 574 (7.44%) Security Cleared
2 457 (5.92%) SC Cleared
3 432 (5.60%) Degree
4 163 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 84 (1.09%) DV Cleared
6 58 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 54 (0.70%) Master's Degree
8 53 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
9 40 (0.52%) ISTQB
10 39 (0.51%) ISEB
11 30 (0.39%) PhD
12 28 (0.36%) AWS Certification
13 12 (0.16%) Siebel Certification
13 12 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
14 11 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
15 10 (0.13%) Sun Certification
16 8 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
16 8 (0.10%) DBS Check
17 7 (0.091%) A+ Certification
17 7 (0.091%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 410 (5.31%) QA
2 69 (0.89%) GCP
3 62 (0.80%) Data Quality
4 29 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
5 27 (0.35%) GDPR
5 27 (0.35%) SLA
6 23 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.27%) MiFID
8 18 (0.23%) EMIR
9 16 (0.21%) PSD2
10 14 (0.18%) SEPA
11 13 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
12 8 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 8 (0.10%) PMO
13 5 (0.065%) HL7
13 5 (0.065%) ISO 20022
13 5 (0.065%) ISO 8583
13 5 (0.065%) WCAG
14 4 (0.052%) IFRS
14 4 (0.052%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,157 (14.99%) Docker
2 132 (1.71%) HDFS
3 57 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
4 49 (0.63%) Active Directory
5 37 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 36 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
7 22 (0.28%) Apache Flume
8 18 (0.23%) OpenAM
9 14 (0.18%) vSphere
10 12 (0.16%) KVM
10 12 (0.16%) VirtualBox
11 11 (0.14%) Xen
12 7 (0.091%) Oracle RAC
13 6 (0.078%) etcd
13 6 (0.078%) Postfix
13 6 (0.078%) vCloud
14 5 (0.065%) flannel
14 5 (0.065%) OpenDJ
14 5 (0.065%) Squid
14 5 (0.065%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 564 (7.31%) Ansible
2 553 (7.16%) Kubernetes
3 450 (5.83%) Puppet
4 396 (5.13%) Terraform
5 341 (4.42%) Opscode Chef
6 124 (1.61%) Kibana
7 89 (1.15%) logstash
8 88 (1.14%) Mesos
9 76 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
10 63 (0.82%) Consul
10 63 (0.82%) Nagios
10 63 (0.82%) Oozie
11 60 (0.78%) ZABBIX
12 57 (0.74%) Grafana
13 53 (0.69%) Packer
14 47 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
15 45 (0.58%) Prometheus
15 45 (0.58%) Salt
16 36 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
17 30 (0.39%) Marathon
Vendors
1 759 (9.83%) Oracle
2 254 (3.29%) Google
3 217 (2.81%) Microsoft
4 180 (2.33%) IBM
5 158 (2.05%) Adobe
6 138 (1.79%) Sybase
7 137 (1.77%) TIBCO
8 131 (1.70%) Splunk
9 123 (1.59%) Red Hat
10 119 (1.54%) MuleSoft
11 114 (1.48%) Atlassian
12 106 (1.37%) hybris
13 105 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
14 94 (1.22%) AppDynamics
15 89 (1.15%) ION Trading
16 85 (1.10%) SAP
17 82 (1.06%) Cloudera
18 65 (0.84%) Tableau
19 64 (0.83%) VMware
20 61 (0.79%) Hortonworks