Period
to 20 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
20 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 7,504 8,236 6,215
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.11% 17.86% 14.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.14% 36.94% 32.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,546 6,361 4,658
London median daily rate £550 £550 £508
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.37% +1.50%
10th Percentile £415 £400 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
England median daily rate £525 £506 £475
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.53% +1.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 23 32
London median hourly rate £36.00 £29.00 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.14% -33.33% +16.00%
10th Percentile £25.51 £25.41 £15.83
90th Percentile £57.41 £79.50 £57.44
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.15 £39.50
% change year-on-year +12.07% +1.65% -1.25%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,977 22,297 19,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.11% 48.35% 45.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,662 17,121 14,214
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £319
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £480 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +1.05% +11.76% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 111 149 126
London median hourly rate £36.00 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% -12.50% +34.95%
10th Percentile £18.70 £18.45 £16.29
90th Percentile £53.75 £57.75 £65.00
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,590 £575 +4.55% 603
South London -1 446 £525 - 25
East London -1 278 £575 - 93
West London +1 234 £525 - 322
North London -10 18 £475 +7.04% 17
Java
England

For the 6 months to 20 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,696 (49.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,924 (25.64%) Spring
3 1,913 (25.49%) Microservices
4 1,880 (25.05%) TDD
5 1,725 (22.99%) DevOps
6 1,711 (22.80%) Jenkins
7 1,704 (22.71%) Amazon AWS
8 1,632 (21.75%) Finance
9 1,578 (21.03%) JavaScript
10 1,577 (21.02%) Docker
11 1,515 (20.19%) Java 8
12 1,398 (18.63%) Test Automation
13 1,378 (18.36%) Python
14 1,336 (17.80%) Banking
15 1,314 (17.51%) Git (software)
16 1,235 (16.46%) SQL
17 1,175 (15.66%) REST
18 1,149 (15.31%) Continuous Integration
19 1,142 (15.22%) BDD
20 1,050 (13.99%) Linux
21 1,038 (13.83%) Spring Boot
22 1,022 (13.62%) Maven
23 1,003 (13.37%) Scrum
24 935 (12.46%) Web Services
25 930 (12.39%) RESTful
26 913 (12.17%) HTML
27 898 (11.97%) Kubernetes
28 820 (10.93%) AngularJS
29 797 (10.62%) Oracle
30 776 (10.34%) Ansible

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 405 (5.40%) Confluence
2 387 (5.16%) Apache Spark
3 346 (4.61%) Elasticsearch
4 342 (4.56%) Apache
5 294 (3.92%) WebSphere
6 288 (3.84%) Tomcat
7 230 (3.07%) WebLogic
8 128 (1.71%) OpenStack
9 125 (1.67%) JBoss
10 118 (1.57%) Mule
11 111 (1.48%) CMS
12 101 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
13 81 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 78 (1.04%) nginx
15 61 (0.81%) WildFly
16 55 (0.73%) IIS
17 54 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 53 (0.71%) Apache Solr
19 50 (0.67%) Jetty
20 43 (0.57%) MQSeries
Applications
1 54 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.20%) Photoshop
3 11 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.080%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.040%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.040%) InVision
6 3 (0.040%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.027%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.027%) HipChat
7 2 (0.027%) SPSS
8 1 (0.013%) 3ds Max
8 1 (0.013%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.013%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.013%) Blender
8 1 (0.013%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.013%) Maya
Business Applications
1 37 (0.49%) ION MarketView
2 33 (0.44%) Endur
3 32 (0.43%) Maximo
4 21 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
5 14 (0.19%) Actimize
6 11 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 9 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
9 8 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
10 6 (0.080%) BusinessWorks
10 6 (0.080%) Oracle Retail
10 6 (0.080%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 6 (0.080%) Temenos T24
11 5 (0.067%) SAP ERP
12 4 (0.053%) Fredhopper
12 4 (0.053%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 4 (0.053%) Loan IQ
12 4 (0.053%) Oracle General Ledger
12 4 (0.053%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,704 (22.71%) Amazon AWS
2 708 (9.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 299 (3.98%) Google Cloud Platform
4 274 (3.65%) GitHub
5 209 (2.79%) Serverless
6 199 (2.65%) Amazon EC2
7 158 (2.11%) AWS Lambda
8 149 (1.99%) OpenShift
9 148 (1.97%) PaaS
10 128 (1.71%) Amazon S3
11 112 (1.49%) AWS CloudFormation
12 93 (1.24%) SaaS
13 87 (1.16%) IaaS
14 74 (0.99%) Apigee
15 73 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
16 62 (0.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 61 (0.81%) npm
18 47 (0.63%) BrowserStack
19 40 (0.53%) Amazon Kinesis
19 40 (0.53%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 279 (3.72%) HTTP
2 123 (1.64%) SSL
2 123 (1.64%) TCP/IP
3 104 (1.39%) DNS
4 82 (1.09%) FTP
5 80 (1.07%) Firewall
6 69 (0.92%) Kerberos
7 56 (0.75%) Internet
8 46 (0.61%) DHCP
9 38 (0.51%) IPsec
10 24 (0.32%) VPN
11 23 (0.31%) HTTPS
12 21 (0.28%) AMQP
13 20 (0.27%) SSH
14 15 (0.20%) Network Security
14 15 (0.20%) VLAN
15 12 (0.16%) LAN
16 11 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
17 9 (0.12%) FIX Connectivity
18 8 (0.11%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 732 (9.75%) NoSQL
2 658 (8.77%) Relational Database
3 553 (7.37%) MongoDB
4 527 (7.02%) Big Data
5 476 (6.34%) PostgreSQL
6 442 (5.89%) MySQL
7 418 (5.57%) Hadoop
8 371 (4.94%) Apache Cassandra
9 361 (4.81%) SQL Server
10 253 (3.37%) RDBMS
11 155 (2.07%) Apache Hive
12 152 (2.03%) HBase
13 145 (1.93%) Redis
14 113 (1.51%) Oracle Database
15 84 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
16 72 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 72 (0.96%) KDB
17 68 (0.91%) Couchbase
18 62 (0.83%) Amazon RDS
19 58 (0.77%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,711 (22.80%) Jenkins
2 1,314 (17.51%) Git (software)
3 1,022 (13.62%) Maven
4 703 (9.37%) JIRA
5 688 (9.17%) Selenium
6 654 (8.72%) Cucumber
7 524 (6.98%) JUnit
8 331 (4.41%) Gradle
9 294 (3.92%) Mockito
10 259 (3.45%) Subversion
11 207 (2.76%) WebDriver
12 198 (2.64%) TeamCity
13 193 (2.57%) Bitbucket
13 193 (2.57%) SonarQube
14 182 (2.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 139 (1.85%) Ant
15 139 (1.85%) JMeter
16 126 (1.68%) Hudson
17 124 (1.65%) GitLab
18 123 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,632 (21.75%) Finance
2 1,336 (17.80%) Banking
3 657 (8.76%) Front Office
4 343 (4.57%) Investment Banking
5 283 (3.77%) Retail
6 104 (1.39%) Financial Institution
6 104 (1.39%) Games
7 100 (1.33%) Advertising
7 100 (1.33%) Telecoms
8 94 (1.25%) Marketing
9 78 (1.04%) Back Office
10 65 (0.87%) Publishing
11 40 (0.53%) Legal
12 30 (0.40%) Law
13 29 (0.39%) Manufacturing
13 29 (0.39%) Retail Banking
14 25 (0.33%) Electronics
15 22 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
16 17 (0.23%) Automotive
17 12 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 4,449 (59.29%) Developer
2 3,071 (40.92%) Java Developer
3 688 (9.17%) Senior Developer
4 600 (8.00%) DevOps Engineer
5 517 (6.89%) Senior Java Developer
6 478 (6.37%) Architect
7 461 (6.14%) Full Stack Developer
8 434 (5.78%) Java Engineer
9 254 (3.38%) Software Engineer
10 253 (3.37%) Tester
11 245 (3.26%) AWS Engineer
12 232 (3.09%) AWS Developer
13 189 (2.52%) AWS DevOps
14 188 (2.51%) React Developer
15 184 (2.45%) Analyst
16 175 (2.33%) Data Engineer
17 174 (2.32%) Lead Developer
18 172 (2.29%) Automation Tester
19 168 (2.24%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 164 (2.19%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,924 (25.64%) Spring
2 1,175 (15.66%) REST
3 1,038 (13.83%) Spring Boot
4 935 (12.46%) Web Services
5 930 (12.39%) RESTful
6 913 (12.17%) HTML
7 820 (10.93%) AngularJS
8 699 (9.32%) Kafka
9 688 (9.17%) Node.js
10 614 (8.18%) CSS
11 597 (7.96%) React
12 586 (7.81%) Hibernate
13 462 (6.16%) J2EE
14 459 (6.12%) HTML5
15 428 (5.70%) .NET
16 401 (5.34%) SOAP
17 399 (5.32%) JSON
18 365 (4.86%) XML
19 322 (4.29%) JMS
20 262 (3.49%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 738 (9.83%) Greenfield Project
2 313 (4.17%) Fintech
3 303 (4.04%) Analytical Skills
4 302 (4.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 252 (3.36%) Fixed Income
6 234 (3.12%) Derivative
7 220 (2.93%) Algorithms
8 213 (2.84%) Equities
9 208 (2.77%) User Experience
10 203 (2.71%) Mobile App
11 165 (2.20%) Data Structures
12 117 (1.56%) Linux Command Line
13 92 (1.23%) Cloud Native
14 90 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
15 87 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
16 79 (1.05%) Data Centre
17 76 (1.01%) Equity Derivative
18 64 (0.85%) Virtual Team
19 60 (0.80%) Public Cloud
20 59 (0.79%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,050 (13.99%) Linux
2 659 (8.78%) Unix
3 287 (3.82%) Windows
4 266 (3.54%) Android
5 187 (2.49%) Apple iOS
6 116 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 58 (0.77%) VMS
8 48 (0.64%) CentOS
9 46 (0.61%) Ubuntu
9 46 (0.61%) Windows Server
10 41 (0.55%) Mac OS X
11 21 (0.28%) Solaris
12 15 (0.20%) Debian
13 13 (0.17%) Fedora
14 8 (0.11%) AIX
15 7 (0.093%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.067%) CoreOS
18 4 (0.053%) Oracle Linux
19 3 (0.040%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,696 (49.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,913 (25.49%) Microservices
3 1,880 (25.05%) TDD
4 1,725 (22.99%) DevOps
5 1,398 (18.63%) Test Automation
6 1,149 (15.31%) Continuous Integration
7 1,142 (15.22%) BDD
8 1,003 (13.37%) Scrum
9 685 (9.13%) OO
10 657 (8.76%) Open Source
11 631 (8.41%) Software Engineering
12 578 (7.70%) Multithreading
13 493 (6.57%) Problem-Solving
14 449 (5.98%) Continuous Delivery
15 440 (5.86%) E-Commerce
16 391 (5.21%) Kanban
17 373 (4.97%) SDLC
18 362 (4.82%) Low Latency
19 356 (4.74%) Analytics
20 345 (4.60%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,578 (21.03%) JavaScript
2 1,515 (20.19%) Java 8
3 1,378 (18.36%) Python
4 1,235 (16.46%) SQL
5 628 (8.37%) Scala
6 522 (6.96%) C#
7 398 (5.30%) C++
8 336 (4.48%) Ruby
9 274 (3.65%) Bash Shell
10 223 (2.97%) Go
11 215 (2.87%) Groovy
12 203 (2.71%) Kotlin
13 194 (2.59%) Perl
14 165 (2.20%) Shell Script
15 163 (2.17%) ES6
16 150 (2.00%) TypeScript
17 144 (1.92%) C
18 135 (1.80%) PL/SQL
19 134 (1.79%) PHP
20 91 (1.21%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 532 (7.09%) Security Cleared
2 406 (5.41%) SC Cleared
3 369 (4.92%) Degree
4 157 (2.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 69 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
6 64 (0.85%) DV Cleared
7 50 (0.67%) AWS Certification
8 43 (0.57%) ISTQB
9 34 (0.45%) ISEB
9 34 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
10 31 (0.41%) Master's Degree
11 23 (0.31%) PhD
12 21 (0.28%) CISSP
12 21 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
13 17 (0.23%) Sun Certification
14 10 (0.13%) CEH
15 9 (0.12%) PMI Certification
16 8 (0.11%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.11%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 6 (0.080%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 427 (5.69%) QA
2 22 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
3 21 (0.28%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.28%) GDPR
3 21 (0.28%) PSD2
4 11 (0.15%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 11 (0.15%) SLA
5 10 (0.13%) HIPAA
6 9 (0.12%) MiFID
7 7 (0.093%) ISO 20022
8 5 (0.067%) EMIR
8 5 (0.067%) PMO
9 3 (0.040%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.040%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.027%) HL7
11 1 (0.013%) COBIT
11 1 (0.013%) WAI
11 1 (0.013%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,577 (21.02%) Docker
2 124 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 80 (1.07%) HDFS
4 79 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
5 58 (0.77%) Active Directory
6 50 (0.67%) vSphere
7 42 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 38 (0.51%) Xen
9 30 (0.40%) OpenAM
10 24 (0.32%) Apache Flume
11 20 (0.27%) Hyper-V
11 20 (0.27%) OpenDJ
11 20 (0.27%) VirtualBox
12 15 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
13 12 (0.16%) NFS
14 11 (0.15%) KVM
15 7 (0.093%) OpenIDM
16 5 (0.067%) LXC
16 5 (0.067%) Postfix
16 5 (0.067%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 898 (11.97%) Kubernetes
2 776 (10.34%) Ansible
3 583 (7.77%) Terraform
4 478 (6.37%) Puppet
5 363 (4.84%) Opscode Chef
6 129 (1.72%) Kibana
7 108 (1.44%) Packer
8 98 (1.31%) logstash
9 91 (1.21%) Mesos
10 71 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
11 62 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
12 60 (0.80%) Hadoop YARN
13 55 (0.73%) Salt
14 53 (0.71%) Prometheus
15 52 (0.69%) Grafana
15 52 (0.69%) Nagios
16 44 (0.59%) CA Single Sign-On
17 41 (0.55%) Rancher
18 35 (0.47%) ZABBIX
19 34 (0.45%) Oozie
Vendors
1 797 (10.62%) Oracle
2 300 (4.00%) Google
3 200 (2.67%) Microsoft
4 182 (2.43%) Splunk
5 150 (2.00%) IBM
6 143 (1.91%) MuleSoft
7 140 (1.87%) VMware
8 121 (1.61%) SAP
9 109 (1.45%) Red Hat
10 107 (1.43%) Sybase
11 98 (1.31%) Atlassian
12 96 (1.28%) hybris
13 92 (1.23%) TIBCO
14 77 (1.03%) AppDynamics
15 71 (0.95%) Adobe
16 63 (0.84%) New Relic
17 60 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
18 59 (0.79%) ION Trading
19 48 (0.64%) Tableau
20 44 (0.59%) Cloudera