Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
England > London
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 8,106 8,388 6,536
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.43% 17.86% 14.52%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.63% 36.80% 32.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,055 6,313 4,908
London median daily rate £550 £540 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.85% +8.00% -
10th Percentile £413 £400 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
England median daily rate £520 £500 £470
% change year-on-year +4.00% +6.38% +1.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 25 29
London median hourly rate £46.25 £27.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +68.18% -34.52% +12.00%
10th Percentile £25.35 £26.08 £14.96
90th Percentile £100.75 £43.25 £56.87
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% +8.11% -7.50%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,410 22,791 20,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.34% 48.53% 44.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,847 17,258 15,040
London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £663 £631
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 117 159 113
London median hourly rate £37.09 £35.50 £35.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.48% +0.67% +41.06%
10th Percentile £18.30 £17.85 £16.22
90th Percentile £60.43 £52.10 £63.50
England median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.48% +6.67% +1.35%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in London over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in London

Java
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the London region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,652 £550 - 610
South London -2 554 £525 - 50
West London +3 284 £525 - 306
East London 0 222 £575 +4.55% 111
North London -2 21 £500 +25.00% 15
Java
England

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,949 (48.72%) Agile Software Development
2 2,093 (25.82%) Spring
3 2,034 (25.09%) TDD
4 1,953 (24.09%) Microservices
5 1,801 (22.22%) Amazon AWS
6 1,793 (22.12%) DevOps
7 1,783 (22.00%) Finance
8 1,726 (21.29%) JavaScript
9 1,722 (21.24%) Java 8
10 1,702 (21.00%) Jenkins
11 1,664 (20.53%) Docker
12 1,459 (18.00%) Test Automation
13 1,416 (17.47%) Git (software)
14 1,406 (17.35%) Banking
15 1,358 (16.75%) Python
16 1,319 (16.27%) SQL
17 1,213 (14.96%) REST
18 1,187 (14.64%) BDD
19 1,173 (14.47%) Continuous Integration
20 1,168 (14.41%) Scrum
21 1,167 (14.40%) Maven
22 1,156 (14.26%) Linux
23 1,103 (13.61%) Spring Boot
24 1,019 (12.57%) Web Services
25 991 (12.23%) HTML
26 925 (11.41%) RESTful
27 891 (10.99%) AngularJS
28 878 (10.83%) Kubernetes
29 870 (10.73%) Oracle
30 811 (10.00%) OO

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 431 (5.32%) Confluence
2 418 (5.16%) Apache Spark
3 381 (4.70%) Elasticsearch
4 366 (4.52%) Apache
5 350 (4.32%) Tomcat
6 288 (3.55%) WebSphere
7 225 (2.78%) WebLogic
8 145 (1.79%) OpenStack
9 136 (1.68%) JBoss
10 120 (1.48%) Mule
11 111 (1.37%) CMS
12 92 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 90 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
14 78 (0.96%) WildFly
15 75 (0.93%) Apache Solr
16 74 (0.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 71 (0.88%) nginx
18 50 (0.62%) IIS
19 45 (0.56%) Jetty
20 42 (0.52%) MQSeries
Applications
1 52 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (0.33%) Photoshop
3 17 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 17 (0.21%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.086%) Fireworks
5 7 (0.086%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.074%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.037%) InVision
8 2 (0.025%) GIMP
8 2 (0.025%) GNU Octave
8 2 (0.025%) HipChat
8 2 (0.025%) SPSS
9 1 (0.012%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.012%) RoboHelp
9 1 (0.012%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 43 (0.53%) ION MarketView
2 25 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
3 23 (0.28%) Maximo
4 20 (0.25%) Actimize
5 17 (0.21%) Endur
6 12 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
7 11 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 11 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
8 9 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
9 8 (0.099%) Dynamics AX
9 8 (0.099%) Dynamics CRM
10 7 (0.086%) Oracle General Ledger
11 6 (0.074%) Oracle Retail
11 6 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
12 5 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
12 5 (0.062%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 5 (0.062%) Temenos T24
13 4 (0.049%) Fredhopper
13 4 (0.049%) Global One
13 4 (0.049%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 1,801 (22.22%) Amazon AWS
2 601 (7.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 292 (3.60%) GitHub
4 225 (2.78%) Google Cloud Platform
5 223 (2.75%) Serverless
6 219 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
7 183 (2.26%) Amazon S3
8 172 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
9 134 (1.65%) PaaS
10 108 (1.33%) AWS CloudFormation
11 105 (1.30%) OpenShift
12 74 (0.91%) IaaS
12 74 (0.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 72 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
13 72 (0.89%) SaaS
14 71 (0.88%) npm
15 68 (0.84%) Apigee
16 57 (0.70%) BrowserStack
17 52 (0.64%) Amazon Kinesis
18 47 (0.58%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 241 (2.97%) HTTP
2 103 (1.27%) TCP/IP
3 101 (1.25%) SSL
4 96 (1.18%) Kerberos
5 82 (1.01%) DNS
6 76 (0.94%) Firewall
7 55 (0.68%) Internet
8 54 (0.67%) FTP
9 33 (0.41%) AMQP
10 25 (0.31%) HTTPS
10 25 (0.31%) SSH
11 22 (0.27%) DHCP
11 22 (0.27%) Network Security
12 17 (0.21%) VPN
13 16 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
14 15 (0.19%) IPsec
14 15 (0.19%) SMS
15 13 (0.16%) OpenLDAP
16 12 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
16 12 (0.15%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 764 (9.43%) NoSQL
2 694 (8.56%) Relational Database
3 603 (7.44%) MongoDB
4 590 (7.28%) Big Data
5 539 (6.65%) PostgreSQL
6 493 (6.08%) MySQL
7 484 (5.97%) Hadoop
8 377 (4.65%) SQL Server
9 344 (4.24%) Apache Cassandra
10 290 (3.58%) RDBMS
11 202 (2.49%) HBase
12 194 (2.39%) Apache Hive
13 132 (1.63%) Redis
14 121 (1.49%) Oracle Database
15 105 (1.30%) Data Warehouse
16 86 (1.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 79 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
18 73 (0.90%) Couchbase
19 72 (0.89%) KDB
20 66 (0.81%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,702 (21.00%) Jenkins
2 1,416 (17.47%) Git (software)
3 1,167 (14.40%) Maven
4 754 (9.30%) Selenium
5 730 (9.01%) JIRA
6 701 (8.65%) Cucumber
7 567 (6.99%) JUnit
8 350 (4.32%) Gradle
9 302 (3.73%) Mockito
10 241 (2.97%) Subversion
10 241 (2.97%) WebDriver
11 216 (2.66%) TeamCity
12 194 (2.39%) SonarQube
13 178 (2.20%) Bitbucket
14 170 (2.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 162 (2.00%) JMeter
16 150 (1.85%) Vagrant
17 148 (1.83%) Hudson
18 138 (1.70%) Ant
19 136 (1.68%) GitLab
General
1 1,783 (22.00%) Finance
2 1,406 (17.35%) Banking
3 697 (8.60%) Front Office
4 430 (5.30%) Investment Banking
5 326 (4.02%) Retail
6 126 (1.55%) Games
7 116 (1.43%) Telecoms
8 111 (1.37%) Financial Institution
9 110 (1.36%) Advertising
10 99 (1.22%) Back Office
11 91 (1.12%) Marketing
12 70 (0.86%) Publishing
13 41 (0.51%) Legal
14 32 (0.39%) Retail Banking
15 26 (0.32%) Manufacturing
16 25 (0.31%) Law
17 24 (0.30%) Automotive
18 21 (0.26%) Electronics
19 16 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
20 11 (0.14%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 4,962 (61.21%) Developer
2 3,491 (43.07%) Java Developer
3 799 (9.86%) Senior Developer
4 616 (7.60%) Senior Java Developer
5 591 (7.29%) DevOps Engineer
6 480 (5.92%) Architect
7 454 (5.60%) Java Engineer
8 414 (5.11%) Full Stack Developer
9 281 (3.47%) Software Engineer
10 265 (3.27%) AWS Engineer
11 254 (3.13%) Tester
12 252 (3.11%) AWS Developer
13 214 (2.64%) Lead Developer
14 206 (2.54%) Analyst
15 199 (2.45%) AWS DevOps
16 195 (2.41%) Data Engineer
17 191 (2.36%) React Developer
18 181 (2.23%) Consultant
19 180 (2.22%) Lead Java Developer
20 179 (2.21%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,093 (25.82%) Spring
2 1,213 (14.96%) REST
3 1,103 (13.61%) Spring Boot
4 1,019 (12.57%) Web Services
5 991 (12.23%) HTML
6 925 (11.41%) RESTful
7 891 (10.99%) AngularJS
8 768 (9.47%) Kafka
9 741 (9.14%) Node.js
10 688 (8.49%) Hibernate
11 675 (8.33%) CSS
12 656 (8.09%) React
13 524 (6.46%) J2EE
14 481 (5.93%) HTML5
15 459 (5.66%) XML
16 437 (5.39%) JSON
17 426 (5.26%) .NET
18 419 (5.17%) SOAP
19 361 (4.45%) JMS
20 306 (3.77%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 682 (8.41%) Greenfield Project
2 341 (4.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 326 (4.02%) Fintech
4 315 (3.89%) Computer Science
5 295 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
6 281 (3.47%) Fixed Income
7 260 (3.21%) Equities
8 242 (2.99%) Mobile App
9 235 (2.90%) Derivative
10 232 (2.86%) User Experience
11 207 (2.55%) Algorithms
12 145 (1.79%) Data Structures
13 144 (1.78%) Linux Command Line
14 111 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
15 86 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
16 84 (1.04%) Public Cloud
17 80 (0.99%) Equity Derivative
18 79 (0.97%) Cloud Native
18 79 (0.97%) Data Centre
19 72 (0.89%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,156 (14.26%) Linux
2 774 (9.55%) Unix
3 288 (3.55%) Android
4 260 (3.21%) Windows
5 193 (2.38%) Apple iOS
6 122 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 82 (1.01%) CentOS
8 79 (0.97%) VMS
9 58 (0.72%) Ubuntu
10 49 (0.60%) Windows Server
11 28 (0.35%) Mac OS X
12 19 (0.23%) Solaris
13 16 (0.20%) Debian
14 13 (0.16%) Fedora
15 10 (0.12%) AIX
16 8 (0.099%) Windows Server 2008
17 7 (0.086%) CoreOS
18 6 (0.074%) Oracle Linux
19 5 (0.062%) Windows 10
19 5 (0.062%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,949 (48.72%) Agile Software Development
2 2,034 (25.09%) TDD
3 1,953 (24.09%) Microservices
4 1,793 (22.12%) DevOps
5 1,459 (18.00%) Test Automation
6 1,187 (14.64%) BDD
7 1,173 (14.47%) Continuous Integration
8 1,168 (14.41%) Scrum
9 811 (10.00%) OO
10 683 (8.43%) Open Source
11 667 (8.23%) Software Engineering
12 620 (7.65%) Multithreading
13 512 (6.32%) Problem-Solving
14 503 (6.21%) E-Commerce
15 459 (5.66%) Kanban
16 447 (5.51%) Low Latency
17 433 (5.34%) Continuous Delivery
18 402 (4.96%) SDLC
19 367 (4.53%) Pair Programming
20 345 (4.26%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,726 (21.29%) JavaScript
2 1,722 (21.24%) Java 8
3 1,358 (16.75%) Python
4 1,319 (16.27%) SQL
5 669 (8.25%) Scala
6 587 (7.24%) C#
7 453 (5.59%) C++
8 333 (4.11%) Ruby
9 267 (3.29%) Bash Shell
10 250 (3.08%) Groovy
11 217 (2.68%) Go
12 195 (2.41%) ES6
13 186 (2.29%) Perl
14 179 (2.21%) Kotlin
15 173 (2.13%) Shell Script
16 166 (2.05%) TypeScript
17 151 (1.86%) PL/SQL
18 148 (1.83%) C
19 147 (1.81%) PHP
20 77 (0.95%) R
Qualifications
1 626 (7.72%) Security Cleared
2 500 (6.17%) SC Cleared
3 376 (4.64%) Degree
4 167 (2.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
6 52 (0.64%) AWS Certification
7 44 (0.54%) ISTQB
8 43 (0.53%) DV Cleared
9 36 (0.44%) ISEB
10 35 (0.43%) Master's Degree
11 19 (0.23%) PhD
12 18 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
12 18 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
13 15 (0.19%) CISSP
14 8 (0.099%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 8 (0.099%) Sun Certification
15 7 (0.086%) DBS Check
16 6 (0.074%) ITIL Certification
16 6 (0.074%) Microsoft Certification
16 6 (0.074%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 433 (5.34%) QA
2 28 (0.35%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.25%) GDPR
4 18 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
4 18 (0.22%) PSD2
5 14 (0.17%) SLA
6 10 (0.12%) ISO 20022
6 10 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.11%) PMO
8 6 (0.074%) EMIR
9 5 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.062%) MiFID
10 4 (0.049%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.037%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.037%) SEPA
11 3 (0.037%) WAI
12 2 (0.025%) WCAG
13 1 (0.012%) COBIT
13 1 (0.012%) HL7
System Software
1 1,664 (20.53%) Docker
2 112 (1.38%) HDFS
3 88 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 66 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
5 52 (0.64%) Active Directory
6 41 (0.51%) vSphere
7 33 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 22 (0.27%) OpenAM
9 20 (0.25%) VirtualBox
10 19 (0.23%) Hyper-V
11 18 (0.22%) Xen
12 17 (0.21%) Apache Flume
13 16 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
14 13 (0.16%) KVM
15 12 (0.15%) OpenDJ
16 11 (0.14%) NFS
17 10 (0.12%) Postfix
18 9 (0.11%) Squid
19 8 (0.099%) vCloud
20 5 (0.062%) LXC
Systems Management
1 878 (10.83%) Kubernetes
2 762 (9.40%) Ansible
3 593 (7.32%) Terraform
4 516 (6.37%) Puppet
5 382 (4.71%) Opscode Chef
6 125 (1.54%) Kibana
7 112 (1.38%) logstash
7 112 (1.38%) Mesos
8 104 (1.28%) Packer
9 81 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
10 70 (0.86%) Nagios
11 68 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
12 66 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
13 56 (0.69%) ZABBIX
14 54 (0.67%) Grafana
15 53 (0.65%) Prometheus
16 52 (0.64%) Oozie
17 49 (0.60%) Salt
18 47 (0.58%) CA Single Sign-On
19 42 (0.52%) Marathon
Vendors
1 870 (10.73%) Oracle
2 269 (3.32%) Google
3 204 (2.52%) Microsoft
4 158 (1.95%) IBM
5 154 (1.90%) Splunk
6 148 (1.83%) MuleSoft
7 133 (1.64%) TIBCO
8 128 (1.58%) SAP
9 117 (1.44%) Sybase
10 113 (1.39%) hybris
11 108 (1.33%) Adobe
11 108 (1.33%) Red Hat
11 108 (1.33%) VMware
12 97 (1.20%) AppDynamics
13 93 (1.15%) Atlassian
14 68 (0.84%) New Relic
15 61 (0.75%) Tableau
16 58 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
17 57 (0.70%) Cloudera
18 54 (0.67%) ION Trading