Period
to 15 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £625 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
England > London
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 43 27 44
Rank change year-on-year -16 +17 -19
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 1,908 979 1,933
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.39% 7.11% 5.21%
As % of the Job Titles category 5.79% 7.76% 5.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,540 795 1,548
10th Percentile £463 £438 £444
25th Percentile £523 £500 £506
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £600 £575
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £713 £713 £668
90th Percentile £800 £775 £713
England median daily rate £600 £550 £545
% change year-on-year +9.09% +0.92% +3.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 0 3
Median hourly rate £59.50 - £50.00
England median hourly rate £65.50 - £50.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 32,933 12,624 34,857
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.95% 91.74% 94.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,878 9,103 25,424
10th Percentile £356 £313 £313
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 309 93 442
10th Percentile £13.88 £15.05 £12.04
25th Percentile £18.70 £20.00 £15.31
Median hourly rate £32.00 £35.00 £20.67
Median % change year-on-year -8.57% +69.37% +10.51%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.75 £39.94
90th Percentile £65.00 £54.80 £52.50
England median hourly rate £19.51 £22.00 £18.72
% change year-on-year -11.32% +17.52% +6.97%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in London

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in London

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer in London over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in London

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in London

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer in London over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in London

Java Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 289 £650 +8.33% 177
West London +4 25 £600 +26.98% 62
South London +3 12 £463 -11.90% 4
East London 0 11 £535 +64.62% 33
Java Developer
England

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 1,908 (100.00%) Java
2 876 (45.91%) Spring
3 839 (43.97%) Agile Software Development
4 702 (36.79%) Microservices
5 618 (32.39%) Finance
6 564 (29.56%) Banking
7 529 (27.73%) Spring Boot
8 494 (25.89%) TDD
9 445 (23.32%) Java 8
10 402 (21.07%) Front Office
11 393 (20.60%) Kubernetes
12 388 (20.34%) Multithreading
13 380 (19.92%) AWS
14 362 (18.97%) Investment Banking
15 352 (18.45%) Docker
16 349 (18.29%) SQL
17 308 (16.14%) Git (software)
18 292 (15.30%) Social Skills
19 285 (14.94%) Jenkins
20 278 (14.57%) Kafka
21 274 (14.36%) Oracle
22 264 (13.84%) REST
23 262 (13.73%) Linux
23 262 (13.73%) DevOps
24 257 (13.47%) Low Latency
25 248 (13.00%) RESTful
26 243 (12.74%) BDD
26 243 (12.74%) Maven
27 240 (12.58%) Scrum
28 233 (12.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (3.62%) Apache Spark
2 59 (3.09%) Mule
3 50 (2.62%) Apache
4 40 (2.10%) Confluence
4 40 (2.10%) JBoss
5 37 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
6 36 (1.89%) Tomcat
7 28 (1.47%) Red Hat Fuse
8 22 (1.15%) WebSphere
9 18 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
9 18 (0.94%) Oracle Coherence
9 18 (0.94%) Oracle Workflow
10 16 (0.84%) WebLogic
11 12 (0.63%) Jetty
11 12 (0.63%) OpenStack
12 11 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.52%) CMS
14 7 (0.37%) Camunda
15 6 (0.31%) GemFire
16 5 (0.26%) nginx
Applications
1 16 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.052%) Figma
2 1 (0.052%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 41 (2.15%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.052%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.052%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.052%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.052%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 380 (19.92%) AWS
2 211 (11.06%) Azure
3 154 (8.07%) GCP
4 77 (4.04%) Serverless
5 66 (3.46%) AWS Lambda
6 51 (2.67%) GitHub
6 51 (2.67%) OpenShift
7 44 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
8 32 (1.68%) Amazon S3
9 31 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
9 31 (1.62%) Amazon ECS
10 23 (1.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 19 (1.00%) Amazon EKS
12 18 (0.94%) AWS Step Functions
13 16 (0.84%) Route 53
14 14 (0.73%) IaaS
15 13 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
16 12 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
16 12 (0.63%) SaaS
17 10 (0.52%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 40 (2.10%) HTTP
2 26 (1.36%) SSL
2 26 (1.36%) TCP/IP
3 17 (0.89%) FIX Connectivity
4 7 (0.37%) Internet
4 7 (0.37%) MQTT
5 4 (0.21%) Broadband
6 3 (0.16%) Firewall
7 2 (0.10%) VPN
8 1 (0.052%) AMQP
8 1 (0.052%) BGP
8 1 (0.052%) DNS
8 1 (0.052%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.052%) RTMP
8 1 (0.052%) SSH
8 1 (0.052%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (8.86%) NoSQL
2 167 (8.75%) Relational Database
3 115 (6.03%) SQL Server
4 110 (5.77%) MongoDB
5 92 (4.82%) MySQL
6 82 (4.30%) Redis
7 80 (4.19%) PostgreSQL
8 71 (3.72%) Hazelcast
9 55 (2.88%) Big Data
10 52 (2.73%) Oracle Database
11 48 (2.52%) Apache Cassandra
12 45 (2.36%) RDBMS
13 41 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 25 (1.31%) Hadoop
15 19 (1.00%) Apache Ignite
16 13 (0.68%) Oracle Database 12c
17 12 (0.63%) KDB
18 11 (0.58%) Flink
19 10 (0.52%) Amazon Aurora
20 9 (0.47%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 308 (16.14%) Git (software)
2 285 (14.94%) Jenkins
3 243 (12.74%) Maven
4 170 (8.91%) JUnit
5 124 (6.50%) Mockito
6 104 (5.45%) JIRA
7 83 (4.35%) Cucumber
8 78 (4.09%) Gradle
9 53 (2.78%) TeamCity
10 46 (2.41%) Subversion
11 45 (2.36%) Bitbucket
12 44 (2.31%) IntelliJ
13 31 (1.62%) Selenium
14 29 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 28 (1.47%) GitLab
16 25 (1.31%) Eclipse
17 23 (1.21%) Ant
17 23 (1.21%) webpack
18 21 (1.10%) Artifactory
18 21 (1.10%) jMock
General
1 618 (32.39%) Finance
2 564 (29.56%) Banking
3 402 (21.07%) Front Office
4 362 (18.97%) Investment Banking
5 292 (15.30%) Social Skills
6 126 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
7 50 (2.62%) Retail
8 37 (1.94%) Manufacturing
9 35 (1.83%) Public Sector
10 29 (1.52%) Financial Institution
11 21 (1.10%) Telecoms
12 16 (0.84%) Electronics
13 15 (0.79%) Retail Banking
14 14 (0.73%) Games
15 13 (0.68%) Back Office
16 11 (0.58%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 11 (0.58%) Marketing
17 10 (0.52%) Documentation Skills
18 6 (0.31%) Advertising
19 5 (0.26%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 876 (45.91%) Spring
2 529 (27.73%) Spring Boot
3 278 (14.57%) Kafka
4 264 (13.84%) REST
5 248 (13.00%) RESTful
6 185 (9.70%) React
7 165 (8.65%) Hibernate
8 164 (8.60%) Web Services
9 159 (8.33%) AngularJS
10 127 (6.66%) Middleware
11 114 (5.97%) HTML
12 110 (5.77%) Node.js
13 97 (5.08%) CSS
14 88 (4.61%) Apache Camel
15 86 (4.51%) J2EE
16 82 (4.30%) JMS
17 78 (4.09%) JPA
18 64 (3.35%) XML
19 61 (3.20%) JSON
20 59 (3.09%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 233 (12.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 215 (11.27%) Fixed Income
3 151 (7.91%) Derivative
4 129 (6.76%) Data Structures
5 128 (6.71%) Algorithms
6 95 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
7 81 (4.25%) Equities
8 56 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
9 38 (1.99%) User Experience
10 37 (1.94%) Virtual Team
11 29 (1.52%) Hedge funds
12 26 (1.36%) Legacy Systems
13 23 (1.21%) Cloud Native
13 23 (1.21%) Management Information System
13 23 (1.21%) Market Risk
14 22 (1.15%) Data Protection Act
15 18 (0.94%) Credit Risk
16 15 (0.79%) Legacy Code
17 12 (0.63%) Equity Derivative
18 11 (0.58%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 262 (13.73%) Linux
2 164 (8.60%) Unix
3 29 (1.52%) Windows
4 14 (0.73%) Mac OS X
5 9 (0.47%) Debian
5 9 (0.47%) VMS
6 5 (0.26%) Android
7 4 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.16%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.10%) Android TV
9 2 (0.10%) CentOS
10 1 (0.052%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.052%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.052%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 839 (43.97%) Agile Software Development
2 702 (36.79%) Microservices
3 494 (25.89%) TDD
4 388 (20.34%) Multithreading
5 262 (13.73%) DevOps
6 257 (13.47%) Low Latency
7 243 (12.74%) BDD
8 240 (12.58%) Scrum
9 227 (11.90%) Electronic Trading
10 226 (11.84%) Full Stack Development
10 226 (11.84%) Software Engineering
10 226 (11.84%) Test Automation
11 154 (8.07%) SDLC
12 144 (7.55%) Pair Programming
13 137 (7.18%) OO
14 125 (6.55%) Problem-Solving
15 120 (6.29%) Continuous Integration
16 110 (5.77%) Algorithmic Trading
17 104 (5.45%) Computer Science
18 102 (5.35%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,908 (100.00%) Java
2 445 (23.32%) Java 8
3 349 (18.29%) SQL
4 193 (10.12%) JavaScript
5 184 (9.64%) Java 11
6 178 (9.33%) Python
7 115 (6.03%) C++
8 96 (5.03%) Scala
9 65 (3.41%) TypeScript
10 63 (3.30%) Kotlin
11 61 (3.20%) PL/SQL
12 56 (2.94%) C#
13 45 (2.36%) C
14 42 (2.20%) Java 9
15 37 (1.94%) Shell Script
16 28 (1.47%) Haskell
17 21 (1.10%) Perl
18 18 (0.94%) VBA
19 16 (0.84%) Bash Shell
20 15 (0.79%) ES6
Qualifications
1 109 (5.71%) Degree
2 81 (4.25%) Security Cleared
3 77 (4.04%) SC Cleared
4 40 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.68%) Sun Certification
6 10 (0.52%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.31%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.31%) PhD
9 5 (0.26%) OCPJP
10 4 (0.21%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.16%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.10%) BPSS Clearance
13 1 (0.052%) CFA
13 1 (0.052%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.052%) DV Cleared
13 1 (0.052%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (2.36%) QA
2 18 (0.94%) Data Quality
2 18 (0.94%) PMO
3 17 (0.89%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.21%) GDPR
5 2 (0.10%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.10%) MiFID
5 2 (0.10%) WCAG
6 1 (0.052%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.052%) EMIR
6 1 (0.052%) ISO 15022
6 1 (0.052%) SLA
System Software
1 352 (18.45%) Docker
2 5 (0.26%) Platform Symphony
3 3 (0.16%) HDFS
3 3 (0.16%) Varnish
4 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.052%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.052%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 393 (20.60%) Kubernetes
2 58 (3.04%) Terraform
3 49 (2.57%) Ansible
4 44 (2.31%) Grafana
5 39 (2.04%) Prometheus
6 16 (0.84%) Kibana
7 12 (0.63%) Puppet
8 8 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (0.31%) logstash
10 3 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.16%) Kiali
10 3 (0.16%) Oozie
11 2 (0.10%) Galera Cluster
11 2 (0.10%) Graphite
11 2 (0.10%) Istio
12 1 (0.052%) Mesos
12 1 (0.052%) Rancher
12 1 (0.052%) TeamSite
12 1 (0.052%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 274 (14.36%) Oracle
2 111 (5.82%) ION Trading
3 59 (3.09%) Google
4 41 (2.15%) Sybase
5 36 (1.89%) TIBCO
6 27 (1.42%) Solace
7 23 (1.21%) CA
8 19 (1.00%) Microsoft
9 17 (0.89%) Atlassian
9 17 (0.89%) Bloomberg
10 15 (0.79%) IBM
11 14 (0.73%) Splunk
12 13 (0.68%) SAP
13 10 (0.52%) CA Agile Central
14 9 (0.47%) MuleSoft
14 9 (0.47%) New Relic
15 8 (0.42%) Murex
16 7 (0.37%) Fidessa
16 7 (0.37%) hybris
17 6 (0.31%) Perforce