Period
to 18 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 18 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > North West
6 months to
18 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 175 176 177
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +54
Contract jobs citing LESS 29 40 32
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 0.55% 0.65% 0.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.82% 1.86% 1.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 18 15 20
North West median daily rate £426 £400 £311
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.56% +28.51% -4.23%
10th Percentile £359 £310 £225
90th Percentile £473 £465 £362
England median daily rate £475 £475 £425
% change year-on-year - +11.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
North West median hourly rate - - -
England median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 £51.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% -6.86% -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,597 2,153 1,870
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 30.12% 35.09% 32.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,126 1,470 1,247
North West median daily rate £419 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.69% +3.23% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £284
90th Percentile £575 £550 £500
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 32 62
North West median hourly rate £40.37 £36.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.36% -9.38% +16.79%
10th Percentile £15.81 £13.05 £16.40
90th Percentile £47.33 £55.00 £48.48
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.69 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.95% +4.22% +9.59%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the North West

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the North West

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the North West over the 6 months to 18 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the North West

LESS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the North West region over the 6 months to 18 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -6 13 £438 +10.76% 33
Lancashire +15 11 £428 -
Cheshire +20 5 £425 - 3
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 18 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for LESS.

1 27 (93.10%) Sass
2 25 (86.21%) JavaScript
2 25 (86.21%) CSS
3 24 (82.76%) HTML
4 20 (68.97%) CSS3
4 20 (68.97%) Front End Development
5 19 (65.52%) HTML5
6 17 (58.62%) Java
6 17 (58.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 14 (48.28%) Amazon AWS
7 14 (48.28%) Git (software)
7 14 (48.28%) Spring
7 14 (48.28%) Artifactory
7 14 (48.28%) Spring Boot
7 14 (48.28%) Sonatype Nexus
8 13 (44.83%) User Experience
8 13 (44.83%) Node.js
8 13 (44.83%) Microsoft
9 12 (41.38%) Maven
9 12 (41.38%) FreeMarker
9 12 (41.38%) Apache CXF
9 12 (41.38%) Jenkins
9 12 (41.38%) JAX-RS
9 12 (41.38%) GitLab
9 12 (41.38%) SonarQube
9 12 (41.38%) Dropwizard
9 12 (41.38%) Nunjucks
10 11 (37.93%) Mongoose
10 11 (37.93%) Microsoft Azure
11 10 (34.48%) AngularJS

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (3.45%) CMS
1 1 (3.45%) Drupal
1 1 (3.45%) WordPress
Applications
1 2 (6.90%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (3.45%) Photoshop
2 1 (3.45%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 1 (3.45%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 14 (48.28%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (37.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (13.79%) npm
4 3 (10.34%) OpenShift
5 2 (6.90%) GitHub
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (3.45%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 14 (48.28%) Artifactory
1 14 (48.28%) Git (software)
1 14 (48.28%) Sonatype Nexus
2 12 (41.38%) GitLab
2 12 (41.38%) Jenkins
2 12 (41.38%) Maven
2 12 (41.38%) SonarQube
3 5 (17.24%) Grunt
3 5 (17.24%) webpack
4 4 (13.79%) gulp
5 2 (6.90%) Axure RP
5 2 (6.90%) Jasmine
5 2 (6.90%) JMeter
5 2 (6.90%) LoadRunner
5 2 (6.90%) Selenium
5 2 (6.90%) Subversion
6 1 (3.45%) JIRA
6 1 (3.45%) Karma Test Runner
6 1 (3.45%) Mercurial
6 1 (3.45%) Protractor
General
1 2 (6.90%) Banking
1 2 (6.90%) Public Sector
2 1 (3.45%) Finance
2 1 (3.45%) Marketing
2 1 (3.45%) Retail
Job Titles
1 22 (75.86%) Developer
2 15 (51.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 5 (17.24%) Software Engineer
3 5 (17.24%) UI Developer
4 3 (10.34%) Java Developer
4 3 (10.34%) JavaScript Developer
5 2 (6.90%) Data Science Developer
5 2 (6.90%) Designer
5 2 (6.90%) HTML Developer
5 2 (6.90%) Senior Developer
5 2 (6.90%) UI Designer
6 1 (3.45%) Front End Java Developer (Client-Side Java Developer)
6 1 (3.45%) HTML CSS Developer
6 1 (3.45%) J2EE Developer
6 1 (3.45%) Java/J2EE Developer
6 1 (3.45%) JavaScript Engineer
6 1 (3.45%) Node.js Developer
6 1 (3.45%) React Developer
6 1 (3.45%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 1 (3.45%) Senior UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (93.10%) Sass
2 25 (86.21%) CSS
3 24 (82.76%) HTML
4 20 (68.97%) CSS3
5 19 (65.52%) HTML5
6 17 (58.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 14 (48.28%) Spring
7 14 (48.28%) Spring Boot
8 13 (44.83%) Node.js
9 12 (41.38%) Apache CXF
9 12 (41.38%) Dropwizard
9 12 (41.38%) FreeMarker
9 12 (41.38%) JAX-RS
9 12 (41.38%) Nunjucks
10 11 (37.93%) Mongoose
11 10 (34.48%) AngularJS
11 10 (34.48%) Express
12 9 (31.03%) React
13 7 (24.14%) Vue.js
14 4 (13.79%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 13 (44.83%) User Experience
2 3 (10.34%) Analytical Skills
2 3 (10.34%) Mobile App
3 2 (6.90%) Greenfield Project
4 1 (3.45%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 1 (3.45%) Android
1 1 (3.45%) Apple iOS
1 1 (3.45%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 20 (68.97%) Front End Development
2 9 (31.03%) Software Engineering
2 9 (31.03%) Web Development
3 8 (27.59%) Progressive Enhancement
4 5 (17.24%) Agile Software Development
4 5 (17.24%) Scrum
5 4 (13.79%) Data Science
5 4 (13.79%) Workflow
6 3 (10.34%) Computer Science
6 3 (10.34%) MVC
6 3 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
6 3 (10.34%) SDLC
6 3 (10.34%) Software Delivery
6 3 (10.34%) TDD
6 3 (10.34%) Test Automation
6 3 (10.34%) Web Application Development
7 2 (6.90%) DevOps
7 2 (6.90%) OO
7 2 (6.90%) OOP
7 2 (6.90%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 25 (86.21%) JavaScript
2 17 (58.62%) Java
3 3 (10.34%) TypeScript
4 1 (3.45%) C#
Qualifications
1 2 (6.90%) BPSS Clearance
2 1 (3.45%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (3.45%) QA
Vendors
1 13 (44.83%) Microsoft
2 1 (3.45%) hybris