The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 23 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
23 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK / England
Rank 372 362 419
Rank change year-on-year -10 +57  
Contract jobs citing LESS 212 266 177
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.51% 0.55% 0.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.63% 1.94% 1.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 143 202 127
Median daily rate £375 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.14%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £290 £295 £237
10% offered a daily rate of more than £487 £500 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £340 £350 £325
% change year-on-year -2.85% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 1
Median hourly rate - £35.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +27.87%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 13018 13721 12913
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 31.56% 28.19% 27.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 9027 9615 8469
Median daily rate £425 £410 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.65% +5.12%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £560 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 166 215 175
Median hourly rate £42.00 £38.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.38% +10.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.50 £13.40 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £57.00 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in England over the 3 months to 23 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 23 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 107 £425 +6.25% 65
South East +11 35 £388 +10.71% 18
East of England +3 20 £300 -25.00% 8
Yorkshire +6 18 £340 -24.44% 12
North West +15 15 £298 -16.19% 22
South West -2 7 £298 -18.49% 7
West Midlands +14 5 £375 +50.00% 10
East Midlands -4 3 £313 +4.16% 2
North East -9 1 £425 +21.42% 2
Midlands - 1 £350 - 3
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 410 (93.82%) CSS
2 381 (87.19%) JavaScript
3 371 (84.90%) HTML
4 367 (83.98%) Sass
5 298 (68.19%) HTML5
6 263 (60.18%) CSS3
7 223 (51.03%) Agile Software Development
8 221 (50.57%) AngularJS
9 196 (44.85%) Front End Development
10 159 (36.38%) React
11 145 (33.18%) jQuery
12 132 (30.21%) Node.js
13 123 (28.15%) Git (software)
14 122 (27.92%) TDD
15 106 (24.26%) Grunt
16 98 (22.43%) gulp
17 94 (21.51%) MVC
18 87 (19.91%) Web Development
18 87 (19.91%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 84 (19.22%) Responsive Web Design
20 83 (18.99%) C#
21 80 (18.31%) Scrum
21 80 (18.31%) User Experience
22 75 (17.16%) .NET
23 72 (16.48%) RESTful
24 66 (15.10%) Jasmine
25 62 (14.19%) Ajax
26 61 (13.96%) OO
27 60 (13.73%) Finance
28 59 (13.50%) Web Services

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (3.43%) Confluence
2 11 (2.52%) Apache
2 11 (2.52%) CMS
3 9 (2.06%) WordPress
4 8 (1.83%) NServiceBus
5 7 (1.60%) WebSphere
6 6 (1.37%) Tomcat
7 5 (1.14%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.92%) Drupal
9 3 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.69%) IIS
9 3 (0.69%) JBoss
10 2 (0.46%) GlassFish
11 1 (0.23%) Documentum
11 1 (0.23%) Elasticsearch
11 1 (0.23%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.23%) Predix
11 1 (0.23%) Tornado
11 1 (0.23%) WebLogic
Applications
1 37 (8.47%) Photoshop
2 7 (1.60%) GIMP
3 2 (0.46%) InVision
3 2 (0.46%) MS Excel
4 1 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.23%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 11 (2.52%) Magento
2 1 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 21 (4.81%) Microsoft Azure
2 19 (4.35%) SaaS
3 17 (3.89%) Amazon AWS
4 15 (3.43%) GitHub
5 11 (2.52%) PaaS
6 8 (1.83%) IaaS
7 4 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
8 3 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.23%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.23%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 23 (5.26%) HTTP
2 11 (2.52%) DNS
2 11 (2.52%) SSL
3 2 (0.46%) DSL
3 2 (0.46%) Internet
3 2 (0.46%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 2 (0.46%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.23%) LDAP
4 1 (0.23%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (7.55%) SQL Server
2 16 (3.66%) MySQL
3 15 (3.43%) NoSQL
4 8 (1.83%) Azure SQL Database
5 7 (1.60%) Oracle Database
6 6 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
6 6 (1.37%) Relational Database
7 4 (0.92%) MongoDB
7 4 (0.92%) Redis
7 4 (0.92%) SQL Server 2008
8 3 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 3 (0.69%) Blockchain
9 2 (0.46%) CouchDB
9 2 (0.46%) DocumentDB
9 2 (0.46%) SQL Server 2016
10 1 (0.23%) BusinessObjects
10 1 (0.23%) Event Store
10 1 (0.23%) GIS
10 1 (0.23%) Hadoop
10 1 (0.23%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 123 (28.15%) Git (software)
2 106 (24.26%) Grunt
3 98 (22.43%) gulp
4 66 (15.10%) Jasmine
5 39 (8.92%) Subversion
6 36 (8.24%) webpack
7 35 (8.01%) Karma Test Runner
8 34 (7.78%) Bower
9 25 (5.72%) JIRA
10 24 (5.49%) Jenkins
11 22 (5.03%) Mocha
11 22 (5.03%) Selenium
11 22 (5.03%) Visual Studio
12 16 (3.66%) Cucumber
12 16 (3.66%) JSHint
13 15 (3.43%) Team Foundation Server
14 14 (3.20%) Mercurial
15 12 (2.75%) Maven
15 12 (2.75%) QUnit
15 12 (2.75%) WebDriver
General
1 60 (13.73%) Finance
2 35 (8.01%) Banking
3 18 (4.12%) Retail
4 10 (2.29%) Advertising
5 9 (2.06%) Publishing
6 8 (1.83%) Back Office
6 8 (1.83%) Marketing
7 7 (1.60%) Games
8 6 (1.37%) Czech Language
8 6 (1.37%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.69%) Front Office
10 1 (0.23%) Arabic Language
10 1 (0.23%) Automotive
10 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.23%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.23%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 404 (92.45%) Developer
2 192 (43.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 128 (29.29%) JavaScript Developer
4 61 (13.96%) Angular Developer
5 48 (10.98%) .NET Developer
6 47 (10.76%) HTML Developer
7 44 (10.07%) UI Developer
8 40 (9.15%) HTML CSS Developer
9 35 (8.01%) C# Developer
10 33 (7.55%) Senior Developer
11 31 (7.09%) Web Developer
12 29 (6.64%) Full Stack Developer
13 28 (6.41%) C# .NET Developer
14 16 (3.66%) Java Developer
15 15 (3.43%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 15 (3.43%) Node.js Developer
16 14 (3.20%) Senior JavaScript Developer
17 13 (2.97%) Agile Developer
17 13 (2.97%) ASP.NET Developer
18 12 (2.75%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 410 (93.82%) CSS
2 371 (84.90%) HTML
3 367 (83.98%) Sass
4 298 (68.19%) HTML5
5 263 (60.18%) CSS3
6 221 (50.57%) AngularJS
7 159 (36.38%) React
8 145 (33.18%) jQuery
9 132 (30.21%) Node.js
10 87 (19.91%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 75 (17.16%) .NET
12 72 (16.48%) RESTful
13 62 (14.19%) Ajax
14 59 (13.50%) Web Services
15 52 (11.90%) ASP.NET
16 48 (10.98%) JSON
17 46 (10.53%) Backbone.js
18 45 (10.30%) KnockoutJS
19 41 (9.38%) Angular 2
20 38 (8.70%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 80 (18.31%) User Experience
2 23 (5.26%) Enterprise Software
3 13 (2.97%) Graphic Design
4 11 (2.52%) Computer Science
4 11 (2.52%) Fintech
4 11 (2.52%) W3C
5 8 (1.83%) Animation
6 6 (1.37%) Mobile App
7 5 (1.14%) Data Structures
8 4 (0.92%) Management Information System
8 4 (0.92%) NHS
9 3 (0.69%) Minimum Viable Product
9 3 (0.69%) Social Media
9 3 (0.69%) Video on Demand
10 2 (0.46%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.46%) Digital Media
10 2 (0.46%) Hedge funds
10 2 (0.46%) Virtual Team
11 1 (0.23%) Internet of Things
11 1 (0.23%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 27 (6.18%) Linux
2 8 (1.83%) Unix
2 8 (1.83%) Windows
3 4 (0.92%) Windows Server
3 4 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
4 3 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
5 2 (0.46%) Android
5 2 (0.46%) Solaris
6 1 (0.23%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 223 (51.03%) Agile Software Development
2 196 (44.85%) Front End Development
3 122 (27.92%) TDD
4 94 (21.51%) MVC
5 87 (19.91%) Web Development
6 84 (19.22%) Responsive Web Design
7 80 (18.31%) Scrum
8 61 (13.96%) OO
9 51 (11.67%) BDD
10 49 (11.21%) Continuous Integration
11 48 (10.98%) Unit Testing
12 44 (10.07%) E-Commerce
13 38 (8.70%) Software Engineering
14 37 (8.47%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 36 (8.24%) Wireframes
16 34 (7.78%) Kanban
17 27 (6.18%) Pair Programming
18 26 (5.95%) SOA
19 23 (5.26%) OOP
20 20 (4.58%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 381 (87.19%) JavaScript
2 83 (18.99%) C#
3 44 (10.07%) Java
4 38 (8.70%) PHP
5 35 (8.01%) ES6
6 28 (6.41%) TypeScript
7 26 (5.95%) SQL
8 14 (3.20%) Python
9 12 (2.75%) Ruby
10 9 (2.06%) T-SQL
11 8 (1.83%) PowerShell
12 6 (1.37%) R
13 4 (0.92%) ECMAScript
13 4 (0.92%) Scala
14 3 (0.69%) Groovy
15 2 (0.46%) Perl
16 1 (0.23%) Haskell
16 1 (0.23%) Lisp
16 1 (0.23%) PL/SQL
16 1 (0.23%) VB
Qualifications
1 22 (5.03%) Degree
2 12 (2.75%) Security Cleared
3 8 (1.83%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.37%) MBA
5 3 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.69%) QA
1 3 (0.69%) WCAG
2 2 (0.46%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.23%) WAI
System Software
1 4 (0.92%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (0.92%) Puppet
2 3 (0.69%) Terraform
3 1 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.23%) Plesk
Vendors
1 24 (5.49%) Microsoft
2 13 (2.97%) Adobe
3 9 (2.06%) Oracle
4 7 (1.60%) IBM
5 5 (1.14%) SAP
6 4 (0.92%) hybris
7 3 (0.69%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.46%) FatWire
8 2 (0.46%) Google
8 2 (0.46%) Telerik
8 2 (0.46%) Zend
9 1 (0.23%) EMC
9 1 (0.23%) Omniture
9 1 (0.23%) PayPal
9 1 (0.23%) Perforce
9 1 (0.23%) Sitecore
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