The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK / England
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 335 362 440
Rank change year-on-year +27 +78  
Contract jobs citing LESS 278 291 182
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.65% 0.59% 0.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.00% 2.03% 1.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 208 223 132
Median daily rate £423 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.62% +14.28%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £275 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £516 £525 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £400 £350
% change year-on-year -8.12% +14.28%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £51.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £17.86

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 13923 14344 14192
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 32.35% 28.96% 27.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 9670 10235 9678
Median daily rate £450 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +9.67%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £570 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 164 188
Median hourly rate £41.50 £36.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.27% +2.85%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.26 £18.80 £16.43
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £38.89
% change year-on-year +18.05% -7.41%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in England over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 22 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -26 149 £450 +12.50% 56
South East +33 40 £425 +25.92% 24
East of England +15 30 £350 -17.64% 4
North West +44 22 £313 -3.10% 17
East Midlands +3 15 £425 +6.25% 3
West Midlands +35 14 £300 -14.28% 11
South West +16 9 £318 +15.45% 7
Yorkshire -5 3 £350 -22.22% 10
North East +64 1 - - 1
LESS
UK

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 477 (96.36%) CSS
2 441 (89.09%) HTML
3 437 (88.28%) JavaScript
4 408 (82.42%) Sass
5 336 (67.88%) HTML5
6 314 (63.43%) CSS3
7 273 (55.15%) Agile Software Development
8 255 (51.52%) AngularJS
9 215 (43.43%) Front End Development
10 183 (36.97%) React
11 182 (36.77%) Node.js
12 168 (33.94%) jQuery
13 167 (33.74%) Git (software)
14 164 (33.13%) TDD
15 110 (22.22%) gulp
16 107 (21.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 103 (20.81%) Scrum
18 100 (20.20%) User Experience
19 92 (18.59%) Web Development
20 86 (17.37%) OO
20 86 (17.37%) Grunt
21 82 (16.57%) Responsive Web Design
21 82 (16.57%) RESTful
22 80 (16.16%) MVC
23 77 (15.56%) C#
24 72 (14.55%) .NET
24 72 (14.55%) Finance
25 71 (14.34%) JSON
26 68 (13.74%) Test Automation
27 66 (13.33%) BDD

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (4.65%) Confluence
2 22 (4.44%) CMS
3 21 (4.24%) Apache
4 18 (3.64%) WordPress
5 12 (2.42%) WebSphere
6 11 (2.22%) Tomcat
7 9 (1.82%) EPiServer
8 8 (1.62%) NServiceBus
9 7 (1.41%) Drupal
9 7 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
9 7 (1.41%) JBoss
9 7 (1.41%) nginx
10 5 (1.01%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.81%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
13 2 (0.40%) GlassFish
14 1 (0.20%) Apache Solr
14 1 (0.20%) IIS
14 1 (0.20%) Joomla!
Applications
1 32 (6.46%) Photoshop
2 9 (1.82%) InVision
3 5 (1.01%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.81%) GIMP
5 3 (0.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 23 (4.65%) Magento
2 3 (0.61%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.20%) Remedy AR System
4 1 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 36 (7.27%) Amazon AWS
2 22 (4.44%) GitHub
3 20 (4.04%) Microsoft Azure
4 13 (2.63%) SaaS
5 6 (1.21%) PaaS
6 5 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (1.01%) IaaS
7 3 (0.61%) Google Analytics
8 2 (0.40%) Google Cloud Platform
9 1 (0.20%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.20%) Akamai
9 1 (0.20%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 1 (0.20%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.20%) Bluemix
9 1 (0.20%) Google App Engine
9 1 (0.20%) Heroku
9 1 (0.20%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.84%) HTTP
2 4 (0.81%) Internet
3 3 (0.61%) SSL
4 2 (0.40%) DNS
4 2 (0.40%) DSL
4 2 (0.40%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
4 2 (0.40%) Skype
5 1 (0.20%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (7.88%) SQL Server
2 34 (6.87%) NoSQL
3 28 (5.66%) MySQL
4 22 (4.44%) MongoDB
5 12 (2.42%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
6 8 (1.62%) Oracle Database
7 6 (1.21%) Relational Database
8 5 (1.01%) MS Access
9 4 (0.81%) Couchbase
9 4 (0.81%) Redis
10 3 (0.61%) Big Data
10 3 (0.61%) Blockchain
10 3 (0.61%) CouchDB
10 3 (0.61%) SQL Server 2014
11 2 (0.40%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (0.40%) DocumentDB
11 2 (0.40%) SQL Server 2008
11 2 (0.40%) SQL Server 2016
12 1 (0.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 167 (33.74%) Git (software)
2 110 (22.22%) gulp
3 86 (17.37%) Grunt
4 64 (12.93%) Subversion
5 63 (12.73%) Jasmine
6 60 (12.12%) webpack
7 39 (7.88%) Jenkins
8 36 (7.27%) JIRA
9 34 (6.87%) Selenium
10 32 (6.46%) WebDriver
11 31 (6.26%) Bower
11 31 (6.26%) Mocha
12 30 (6.06%) Karma Test Runner
13 25 (5.05%) Cucumber
14 19 (3.84%) Protractor
15 17 (3.43%) Visual Studio
16 16 (3.23%) Axure RP
17 12 (2.42%) Babel
17 12 (2.42%) JSUnit
18 11 (2.22%) Balsamiq Mockups
General
1 72 (14.55%) Finance
2 45 (9.09%) Banking
3 18 (3.64%) Retail
4 14 (2.83%) Marketing
5 12 (2.42%) Advertising
6 10 (2.02%) Telecoms
7 9 (1.82%) Publishing
8 8 (1.62%) Front Office
9 6 (1.21%) Czech Language
10 5 (1.01%) Games
10 5 (1.01%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.40%) Back Office
11 2 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.20%) Automotive
12 1 (0.20%) Electronics
12 1 (0.20%) Law
12 1 (0.20%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 464 (93.74%) Developer
2 183 (36.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 150 (30.30%) JavaScript Developer
4 64 (12.93%) Angular Developer
5 55 (11.11%) HTML Developer
6 49 (9.90%) HTML CSS Developer
7 45 (9.09%) UI Developer
8 44 (8.89%) Senior Developer
9 41 (8.28%) Full Stack Developer
10 38 (7.68%) .NET Developer
11 35 (7.07%) C# Developer
11 35 (7.07%) Node.js Developer
12 25 (5.05%) C# .NET Developer
13 24 (4.85%) Java Developer
14 21 (4.24%) Web Developer
15 18 (3.64%) PHP Developer
16 17 (3.43%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 15 (3.03%) Agile Developer
18 14 (2.83%) ASP.NET Developer
19 13 (2.63%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 477 (96.36%) CSS
2 441 (89.09%) HTML
3 408 (82.42%) Sass
4 336 (67.88%) HTML5
5 314 (63.43%) CSS3
6 255 (51.52%) AngularJS
7 183 (36.97%) React
8 182 (36.77%) Node.js
9 168 (33.94%) jQuery
10 107 (21.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 82 (16.57%) RESTful
12 72 (14.55%) .NET
13 71 (14.34%) JSON
14 58 (11.72%) Ajax
14 58 (11.72%) Web Services
15 57 (11.52%) Angular 2
16 50 (10.10%) Redux
17 47 (9.49%) XML
18 46 (9.29%) ASP.NET
19 41 (8.28%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 100 (20.20%) User Experience
2 35 (7.07%) Greenfield Project
3 30 (6.06%) Enterprise Software
4 13 (2.63%) Animation
5 12 (2.42%) Fintech
6 10 (2.02%) Computer Science
6 10 (2.02%) Mobile App
7 9 (1.82%) Video on Demand
7 9 (1.82%) W3C
8 7 (1.41%) Smartphone
9 6 (1.21%) Virtual Team
10 5 (1.01%) Algorithms
10 5 (1.01%) Data Structures
10 5 (1.01%) Digital Media
11 3 (0.61%) Augmented Reality
11 3 (0.61%) Cloud Native
11 3 (0.61%) Hedge funds
11 3 (0.61%) Web 2.0
12 2 (0.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 2 (0.40%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 28 (5.66%) Linux
2 12 (2.42%) Unix
3 6 (1.21%) Windows
4 3 (0.61%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.61%) Mac OS X
4 3 (0.61%) Solaris
5 1 (0.20%) Android
5 1 (0.20%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 273 (55.15%) Agile Software Development
2 215 (43.43%) Front End Development
3 164 (33.13%) TDD
4 103 (20.81%) Scrum
5 92 (18.59%) Web Development
6 86 (17.37%) OO
7 82 (16.57%) Responsive Web Design
8 80 (16.16%) MVC
9 68 (13.74%) Test Automation
10 66 (13.33%) BDD
11 61 (12.32%) Unit Testing
12 49 (9.90%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
12 49 (9.90%) E-Commerce
13 48 (9.70%) Continuous Integration
14 39 (7.88%) DevOps
15 35 (7.07%) OOP
16 34 (6.87%) Kanban
16 34 (6.87%) Software Engineering
17 32 (6.46%) Open Source
17 32 (6.46%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 437 (88.28%) JavaScript
2 77 (15.56%) C#
3 58 (11.72%) ES6
3 58 (11.72%) PHP
4 53 (10.71%) Java
5 47 (9.49%) TypeScript
6 38 (7.68%) SQL
7 13 (2.63%) Scala
8 11 (2.22%) Python
9 9 (1.82%) Ruby
9 9 (1.82%) T-SQL
10 8 (1.62%) PowerShell
11 7 (1.41%) Bash Shell
11 7 (1.41%) ECMAScript
11 7 (1.41%) PHP 5
11 7 (1.41%) PHP 7
11 7 (1.41%) R
11 7 (1.41%) VB
12 6 (1.21%) Shell Script
13 5 (1.01%) VC++
Qualifications
1 27 (5.45%) Degree
2 8 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (1.21%) MBA
4 3 (0.61%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.20%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.02%) QA
2 3 (0.61%) WAI
3 2 (0.40%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.40%) WCAG
System Software
1 19 (3.84%) Docker
2 1 (0.20%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 11 (2.22%) Opscode Chef
2 10 (2.02%) Terraform
3 9 (1.82%) Puppet
4 8 (1.62%) Ansible
5 1 (0.20%) Plesk
Vendors
1 22 (4.44%) Microsoft
2 13 (2.63%) Oracle
3 11 (2.22%) Adobe
4 8 (1.62%) IBM
4 8 (1.62%) SAP
5 7 (1.41%) Google
6 6 (1.21%) PayPal
6 6 (1.21%) Zend
7 4 (0.81%) Infor
7 4 (0.81%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.61%) FatWire
8 3 (0.61%) Marketo
8 3 (0.61%) Omniture
8 3 (0.61%) Telerik
9 2 (0.40%) BMC
9 2 (0.40%) Remedy
9 2 (0.40%) Tealium
9 2 (0.40%) TOWER Software
10 1 (0.20%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 1 (0.20%) Salesforce.com
Kent
Explore Group
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £450 - £475 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
West Midlands
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: Yesterday
London
Morgan Mckinley
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Group
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Verticality Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £475 per day 3 Months Rolling
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
EPAM Systems
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Verticality Ltd
Rate: Rate £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £350 - £375 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Portsmouth
Spectrum IT
Rate: £350 - £380 per day
Posted: 16 days ago