Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 412 391 455
Rank change year-on-year -21 +64 +75
Contract jobs citing LESS 532 590 468
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.56% 0.61% 0.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.73% 1.98% 1.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 413 460 358
England median daily rate £450 £400 £370
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +8.11% -1.33%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £256
90th Percentile £600 £538 £525
UK median daily rate £450 £400 £370
% change year-on-year +12.50% +8.11% -1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 16
England median hourly rate £45.50 - £23.75
10th Percentile £41.00 - £16.25
90th Percentile £50.80 - £38.34
UK median hourly rate £45.50 - £23.75

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30719 29842 29966
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.39% 30.67% 28.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 21863 20839 20773
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 343 504
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +10.29%
10th Percentile £18.70 £14.56 £14.84
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in England

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -32 358 £475 +13.77% 44
South East -9 75 £450 +19.21% 24
Midlands -1 31 £375 -0.66% 19
North of England +29 29 £406 +16.07% 19
East of England +14 23 £450 +2.86% 6
West Midlands +16 20 £363 +1.05% 11
South West -3 17 £350 +7.69% 3
North West +29 16 £363 +11.54% 7
Yorkshire -1 11 £450 +18.42% 10
East Midlands -15 11 £380 -6.75% 8
North East +59 2 - - 2
LESS
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 503 (94.55%) CSS
2 468 (87.97%) JavaScript
3 442 (83.08%) HTML
4 434 (81.58%) Sass
5 301 (56.58%) HTML5
6 286 (53.76%) Agile Software Development
7 276 (51.88%) CSS3
8 270 (50.75%) AngularJS
9 245 (46.05%) Front End Development
10 231 (43.42%) React
11 190 (35.71%) Git (software)
12 176 (33.08%) TDD
13 168 (31.58%) Node.js
14 154 (28.95%) jQuery
15 138 (25.94%) User Experience
16 120 (22.56%) Web Development
17 114 (21.43%) gulp
18 110 (20.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 104 (19.55%) Responsive Web Design
20 96 (18.05%) ES6
21 92 (17.29%) Scrum
22 83 (15.60%) Grunt
22 83 (15.60%) Jasmine
23 82 (15.41%) .NET
24 80 (15.04%) Finance
25 79 (14.85%) Test Automation
25 79 (14.85%) webpack
26 70 (13.16%) Redux
27 69 (12.97%) OO
28 66 (12.41%) MVC

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (7.14%) CMS
2 20 (3.76%) WordPress
3 19 (3.57%) Drupal
4 12 (2.26%) Apache
4 12 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (2.07%) Confluence
6 9 (1.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 8 (1.50%) nginx
7 8 (1.50%) Sitecore CMS
7 8 (1.50%) WebSphere
8 6 (1.13%) EPiServer
8 6 (1.13%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.94%) Joomla!
10 4 (0.75%) Umbraco
11 3 (0.56%) JBoss
11 3 (0.56%) Kentico
11 3 (0.56%) Mongoose
11 3 (0.56%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.38%) Orchard CMS
Applications
1 35 (6.58%) Photoshop
2 14 (2.63%) Adobe Illustrator
3 9 (1.69%) GIMP
4 4 (0.75%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.19%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.19%) InDesign
6 1 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 26 (4.89%) Magento
2 2 (0.38%) Eloqua
2 2 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 53 (9.96%) npm
2 50 (9.40%) Amazon AWS
3 39 (7.33%) Microsoft Azure
4 32 (6.02%) SaaS
5 19 (3.57%) PaaS
6 16 (3.01%) IaaS
7 11 (2.07%) GitHub
8 4 (0.75%) Office 365
8 4 (0.75%) Serverless
9 3 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (0.56%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.38%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.38%) MailChimp
10 2 (0.38%) Trello
11 1 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 1 (0.19%) Akamai
11 1 (0.19%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.44%) Internet
2 11 (2.07%) HTTP
3 3 (0.56%) Skype
4 2 (0.38%) Ethernet
4 2 (0.38%) SSH
4 2 (0.38%) Unified Communications
4 2 (0.38%) VPLS
4 2 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.19%) Intranet
5 1 (0.19%) SMS
5 1 (0.19%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (6.39%) MySQL
2 33 (6.20%) SQL Server
3 28 (5.26%) NoSQL
4 21 (3.95%) MongoDB
5 14 (2.63%) Big Data
6 13 (2.44%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (1.88%) Relational Database
8 4 (0.75%) Azure SQL Database
8 4 (0.75%) Qlik Sense
8 4 (0.75%) QlikView
8 4 (0.75%) RDBMS
8 4 (0.75%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 4 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 3 (0.56%) Aerospike
9 3 (0.56%) Blockchain
9 3 (0.56%) MS Access
10 2 (0.38%) Couchbase
10 2 (0.38%) DocumentDB
10 2 (0.38%) SAP Data Services
10 2 (0.38%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 190 (35.71%) Git (software)
2 114 (21.43%) gulp
3 83 (15.60%) Grunt
3 83 (15.60%) Jasmine
4 79 (14.85%) webpack
5 46 (8.65%) Karma Test Runner
6 37 (6.95%) Mocha
7 36 (6.77%) Jenkins
7 36 (6.77%) Selenium
8 30 (5.64%) Subversion
9 29 (5.45%) JIRA
9 29 (5.45%) Protractor
10 24 (4.51%) Cucumber
11 22 (4.14%) Bower
12 21 (3.95%) WebDriver
13 19 (3.57%) TeamCity
14 17 (3.20%) PhantomJS
14 17 (3.20%) Team Foundation Server
15 14 (2.63%) Visual Studio
16 13 (2.44%) Bitbucket
General
1 80 (15.04%) Finance
2 48 (9.02%) Banking
3 26 (4.89%) Investment Banking
4 24 (4.51%) Marketing
5 19 (3.57%) Front Office
6 15 (2.82%) Retail
7 13 (2.44%) Telecoms
8 12 (2.26%) Publishing
9 11 (2.07%) Games
10 5 (0.94%) Advertising
10 5 (0.94%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.75%) Law
12 2 (0.38%) Electronics
12 2 (0.38%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.38%) Online Betting
12 2 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 496 (93.23%) Developer
2 213 (40.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 166 (31.20%) JavaScript Developer
4 83 (15.60%) HTML Developer
5 71 (13.35%) UI Developer
6 66 (12.41%) HTML CSS Developer
7 55 (10.34%) Angular Developer
8 42 (7.89%) Full Stack Developer
9 37 (6.95%) Senior Developer
10 36 (6.77%) Node.js Developer
11 33 (6.20%) Web Developer
12 29 (5.45%) C# Developer
13 27 (5.08%) Agile Developer
14 25 (4.70%) .NET Developer
15 23 (4.32%) CSS Developer
16 21 (3.95%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 20 (3.76%) UX Developer
18 17 (3.20%) C# .NET Developer
19 16 (3.01%) UI/UX Developer
20 14 (2.63%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 503 (94.55%) CSS
2 442 (83.08%) HTML
3 434 (81.58%) Sass
4 301 (56.58%) HTML5
5 276 (51.88%) CSS3
6 270 (50.75%) AngularJS
7 231 (43.42%) React
8 168 (31.58%) Node.js
9 154 (28.95%) jQuery
10 110 (20.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 82 (15.41%) .NET
12 70 (13.16%) Redux
13 60 (11.28%) RESTful
14 58 (10.90%) Backbone.js
15 56 (10.53%) Angular 2
16 54 (10.15%) JSON
17 49 (9.21%) Web Services
18 46 (8.65%) KnockoutJS
19 45 (8.46%) ASP.NET
20 44 (8.27%) Vue (Vue.js)
Miscellaneous
1 138 (25.94%) User Experience
2 43 (8.08%) Greenfield Project
3 21 (3.95%) Fintech
3 21 (3.95%) Mobile App
4 17 (3.20%) Derivative
4 17 (3.20%) Equity Derivative
5 15 (2.82%) W3C
6 11 (2.07%) Virtual Team
7 10 (1.88%) Algorithms
7 10 (1.88%) Data Structures
8 9 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 8 (1.50%) Animation
10 7 (1.32%) Equities
11 6 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
12 5 (0.94%) iPad
13 4 (0.75%) Analytical Skills
13 4 (0.75%) Digital Media
13 4 (0.75%) Social Media
14 3 (0.56%) Management Information System
14 3 (0.56%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 16 (3.01%) Linux
2 8 (1.50%) Android
2 8 (1.50%) Apple iOS
3 5 (0.94%) Windows
4 2 (0.38%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.19%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 286 (53.76%) Agile Software Development
2 245 (46.05%) Front End Development
3 176 (33.08%) TDD
4 120 (22.56%) Web Development
5 104 (19.55%) Responsive Web Design
6 92 (17.29%) Scrum
7 79 (14.85%) Test Automation
8 69 (12.97%) OO
9 66 (12.41%) MVC
10 57 (10.71%) Continuous Integration
11 54 (10.15%) BDD
12 53 (9.96%) Pair Programming
13 45 (8.46%) E-Commerce
14 42 (7.89%) DevOps
14 42 (7.89%) Unit Testing
15 40 (7.52%) Software Engineering
16 39 (7.33%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
16 39 (7.33%) Wireframes
17 38 (7.14%) SDLC
18 34 (6.39%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 468 (87.97%) JavaScript
2 96 (18.05%) ES6
3 65 (12.22%) Java
3 65 (12.22%) TypeScript
4 56 (10.53%) C#
5 48 (9.02%) PHP
6 34 (6.39%) SQL
7 13 (2.44%) C
7 13 (2.44%) Python
8 8 (1.50%) Bash Shell
8 8 (1.50%) ECMAScript
9 7 (1.32%) Ruby
9 7 (1.32%) Scala
10 5 (0.94%) CoffeeScript
10 5 (0.94%) Shell Script
10 5 (0.94%) T-SQL
11 3 (0.56%) C++
11 3 (0.56%) PHP 5
11 3 (0.56%) VB
11 3 (0.56%) VC++
Qualifications
1 15 (2.82%) Degree
2 6 (1.13%) Security Cleared
3 4 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
3 4 (0.75%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.19%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.01%) WCAG
2 10 (1.88%) QA
3 6 (1.13%) WAI
System Software
1 46 (8.65%) Docker
2 2 (0.38%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.38%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 29 (5.45%) Opscode Chef
2 17 (3.20%) Ansible
3 15 (2.82%) Terraform
Vendors
1 26 (4.89%) Microsoft
2 15 (2.82%) Oracle
3 9 (1.69%) Adobe
4 8 (1.50%) Sitecore
5 6 (1.13%) Google
5 6 (1.13%) hybris
6 5 (0.94%) SAP
7 4 (0.75%) Infor
7 4 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.56%) ATG
8 3 (0.56%) Demandware
8 3 (0.56%) TOWER Software
8 3 (0.56%) Zend
9 2 (0.38%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.38%) IBM
9 2 (0.38%) Marketo
9 2 (0.38%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.38%) Sun
10 1 (0.19%) Rackspace
10 1 (0.19%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud