Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in South Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Wales > South Wales
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 -5
Contract jobs citing SQL 239 177 155
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in South Wales 16.55% 18.08% 13.77%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.66% 50.00% 31.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 178 107 107
South Wales median daily rate £400 £343 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.79% -4.86% +5.88%
10th Percentile £246 £187 £203
90th Percentile £566 £473 £553
Wales median daily rate £413 £360 £375
% change year-on-year +14.58% -4.00% +13.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 7
South Wales median hourly rate £21.25 £19.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.82% -66.96% +217.55%
10th Percentile £9.83 £16.75 £18.30
90th Percentile £29.79 £27.77 £62.35
Wales median hourly rate £23.49 £19.00 £57.50
% change year-on-year +23.63% -66.96% +217.55%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in South Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
South Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 652 354 486
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in South Wales 45.15% 36.16% 43.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 491 231 331
South Wales median daily rate £410 £375 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.33% -7.41% +15.71%
10th Percentile £308 £250 £263
90th Percentile £575 £480 £550
Wales median daily rate £418 £380 £414
% change year-on-year +9.87% -8.16% +18.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 9 15
South Wales median hourly rate £23.49 £23.14 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.51% -57.93% +184.13%
10th Percentile £14.09 £16.75 £20.15
90th Percentile £39.38 £50.50 £77.50
Wales median hourly rate £23.25 £21.47 £55.00
% change year-on-year +8.27% -60.96% +161.90%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in South Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in South Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in South Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in South Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in South Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in South Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in South Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in South Wales over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in South Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in South Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in South Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in South Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in South Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in South Wales over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in South Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in South Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the South Wales region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Cardiff -2 160 £390 +20.56% 41
Newport -2 46 £438 +9.38% 17
Caerphilly +1 3 £175 -51.72%
Torfaen -2 1 £175 -36.36% 3
SQL
Wales

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 86 (35.98%) SQL Server
2 78 (32.64%) Microsoft
3 70 (29.29%) Agile Software Development
4 60 (25.10%) .NET
5 53 (22.18%) Java
6 48 (20.08%) Windows
7 45 (18.83%) SOAP
8 43 (17.99%) Security Cleared
8 43 (17.99%) Test Automation
9 38 (15.90%) Oracle
9 38 (15.90%) Git (software)
10 37 (15.48%) ASP.NET
11 36 (15.06%) MVC
11 36 (15.06%) SC Cleared
12 35 (14.64%) C#
13 31 (12.97%) Finance
13 31 (12.97%) .NET Framework
14 30 (12.55%) Unit Testing
14 30 (12.55%) Relational Database
15 29 (12.13%) JIRA
16 26 (10.88%) Microsoft Azure
16 26 (10.88%) ASP.NET MVC
16 26 (10.88%) Scrum
16 26 (10.88%) JavaScript
16 26 (10.88%) Linux
16 26 (10.88%) OOP
17 25 (10.46%) Spring
17 25 (10.46%) MSTest
17 25 (10.46%) Entity Framework
17 25 (10.46%) Jenkins

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in South Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (8.37%) Confluence
2 9 (3.77%) WebSphere
3 8 (3.35%) IIS
3 8 (3.35%) WebSphere Application Server
4 6 (2.51%) SAS
5 5 (2.09%) MS Exchange
6 4 (1.67%) Apache Spark
6 4 (1.67%) Exchange Server 2013
6 4 (1.67%) SharePoint
6 4 (1.67%) Tomcat
7 3 (1.26%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.84%) ArcGIS
8 2 (0.84%) JBoss
8 2 (0.84%) MQSeries
8 2 (0.84%) Umbraco
9 1 (0.42%) Apache
9 1 (0.42%) CMS
9 1 (0.42%) FileNet
9 1 (0.42%) Mule
9 1 (0.42%) WildFly
Applications
1 15 (6.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.84%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 1 (0.42%) BPCS
2 1 (0.42%) OPENHousing
2 1 (0.42%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 26 (10.88%) Microsoft Azure
2 18 (7.53%) Amazon AWS
3 3 (1.26%) Office 365
4 2 (0.84%) IaaS
4 2 (0.84%) NuGet
4 2 (0.84%) PaaS
4 2 (0.84%) Serverless
5 1 (0.42%) Azure Active Directory
5 1 (0.42%) GitHub
5 1 (0.42%) OpenShift
5 1 (0.42%) SaaS
5 1 (0.42%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 12 (5.02%) Firewall
2 10 (4.18%) VPN
3 8 (3.35%) DMZ
4 7 (2.93%) Network Security
4 7 (2.93%) TCP/IP
5 4 (1.67%) HTTP
5 4 (1.67%) VLAN
5 4 (1.67%) VSAN
6 3 (1.26%) Internet
6 3 (1.26%) VoIP
7 2 (0.84%) DNS
7 2 (0.84%) DSL
7 2 (0.84%) Intranet
7 2 (0.84%) ISDN
7 2 (0.84%) SNMP
7 2 (0.84%) SSH
7 2 (0.84%) tcpdump
8 1 (0.42%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.42%) SAN
8 1 (0.42%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (35.98%) SQL Server
2 30 (12.55%) Relational Database
3 25 (10.46%) SQL Server 2008
4 24 (10.04%) RDBMS
5 16 (6.69%) MySQL
6 13 (5.44%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (5.44%) SQL Server 2016
6 13 (5.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 11 (4.60%) MS Access
7 11 (4.60%) Oracle Database
8 9 (3.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 8 (3.35%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (3.35%) Hadoop
10 7 (2.93%) SQL Server 2012
11 6 (2.51%) Big Data
12 5 (2.09%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (2.09%) NoSQL
13 4 (1.67%) Apache Hive
13 4 (1.67%) BusinessObjects
13 4 (1.67%) DB2
Development Applications
1 38 (15.90%) Git (software)
2 29 (12.13%) JIRA
3 25 (10.46%) Jenkins
3 25 (10.46%) MSTest
4 24 (10.04%) NUnit
5 22 (9.21%) Selenium
6 21 (8.79%) SoapUI
7 19 (7.95%) Maven
8 18 (7.53%) Cucumber
9 17 (7.11%) JUnit
10 16 (6.69%) Team Foundation Server
11 12 (5.02%) Visual Studio
12 11 (4.60%) Artifactory
12 11 (4.60%) Visual Studio Team System
12 11 (4.60%) WebDriver
13 10 (4.18%) Subversion
14 8 (3.35%) Gradle
14 8 (3.35%) SpecFlow
15 7 (2.93%) TestNG
16 4 (1.67%) Rational DOORS
General
1 31 (12.97%) Finance
2 11 (4.60%) Telecoms
3 7 (2.93%) Banking
4 5 (2.09%) Manufacturing
4 5 (2.09%) Retail
5 4 (1.67%) Legal
5 4 (1.67%) Marketing
6 3 (1.26%) Electronics
7 2 (0.84%) Back Office
8 1 (0.42%) Advertising
8 1 (0.42%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.42%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.42%) Law
8 1 (0.42%) Military
Job Titles
1 96 (40.17%) Developer
2 39 (16.32%) Analyst
3 37 (15.48%) .NET Developer
4 25 (10.46%) Java Developer
5 21 (8.79%) SQL Developer
6 19 (7.95%) Architect
6 19 (7.95%) Test Engineer
7 16 (6.69%) DBA
8 15 (6.28%) Test Automation Engineer
9 11 (4.60%) Test Analyst
10 10 (4.18%) Data Analyst
11 8 (3.35%) Lead Developer
11 8 (3.35%) Oracle DBA
11 8 (3.35%) Security Architect
11 8 (3.35%) Software Engineer
11 8 (3.35%) Tester
12 7 (2.93%) Automation Tester
12 7 (2.93%) Software Developer
12 7 (2.93%) SQL DBA
12 7 (2.93%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (25.10%) .NET
2 45 (18.83%) SOAP
3 37 (15.48%) ASP.NET
4 31 (12.97%) .NET Framework
5 26 (10.88%) ASP.NET MVC
6 25 (10.46%) Entity Framework
6 25 (10.46%) Spring
7 23 (9.62%) LINQ
8 22 (9.21%) XML
9 19 (7.95%) AngularJS
9 19 (7.95%) REST
10 18 (7.53%) Hibernate
11 17 (7.11%) CSS
12 16 (6.69%) Spring Boot
13 15 (6.28%) HTML
14 13 (5.44%) J2EE
15 12 (5.02%) jQuery
15 12 (5.02%) WPF
16 9 (3.77%) Node.js
16 9 (3.77%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 16 (6.69%) NHS
2 13 (5.44%) Management Information System
3 10 (4.18%) CESG
4 7 (2.93%) Clustering
4 7 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (2.93%) Mobile App
4 7 (2.93%) N-Tier
4 7 (2.93%) PKI
5 6 (2.51%) Analytical Skills
6 4 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (0.84%) Reference Data
9 1 (0.42%) AS400
9 1 (0.42%) Cyber Defence
9 1 (0.42%) Data Centre
9 1 (0.42%) Enterprise Software
9 1 (0.42%) Fixed Income
9 1 (0.42%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 48 (20.08%) Windows
2 26 (10.88%) Linux
3 23 (9.62%) Windows Server
4 20 (8.37%) Unix
5 17 (7.11%) Android
5 17 (7.11%) Apple iOS
6 14 (5.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (4.18%) Windows Server 2012
8 4 (1.67%) AIX
8 4 (1.67%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (1.26%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.42%) VMS
10 1 (0.42%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.42%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (29.29%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (17.99%) Test Automation
3 36 (15.06%) MVC
4 30 (12.55%) Unit Testing
5 26 (10.88%) OOP
5 26 (10.88%) Scrum
6 21 (8.79%) ITIL
6 21 (8.79%) Mentoring
7 19 (7.95%) Project Management
8 17 (7.11%) Android Development
8 17 (7.11%) Coaching
8 17 (7.11%) iOS Development
8 17 (7.11%) Regression Testing
9 16 (6.69%) Continuous Integration
9 16 (6.69%) TDD
10 15 (6.28%) Performance Testing
11 13 (5.44%) BDD
11 13 (5.44%) Microservices
11 13 (5.44%) Software Testing
12 12 (5.02%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 53 (22.18%) Java
2 35 (14.64%) C#
3 26 (10.88%) JavaScript
4 23 (9.62%) Python
5 20 (8.37%) Groovy
6 14 (5.86%) VBA
7 13 (5.44%) Java 8
7 13 (5.44%) PL/SQL
8 12 (5.02%) Ruby
8 12 (5.02%) XAML
9 11 (4.60%) T-SQL
10 10 (4.18%) C
10 10 (4.18%) PowerShell
11 8 (3.35%) C++
12 7 (2.93%) Scala
13 6 (2.51%) Perl
14 5 (2.09%) VB
15 4 (1.67%) R
15 4 (1.67%) Shell Script
15 4 (1.67%) VB6
Qualifications
1 43 (17.99%) Security Cleared
2 36 (15.06%) SC Cleared
3 25 (10.46%) Degree
4 7 (2.93%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (2.51%) CESG Certified Professional
5 6 (2.51%) HND
5 6 (2.51%) ISTQB
6 5 (2.09%) ISEB
6 5 (2.09%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (1.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (1.67%) MCSE
8 3 (1.26%) BC Cleared
8 3 (1.26%) HNC
9 2 (0.84%) CCNA
9 2 (0.84%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.84%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.42%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (5.02%) QA
2 4 (1.67%) Data Quality
2 4 (1.67%) PCI DSS
3 3 (1.26%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (1.26%) GDPR
4 2 (0.84%) SLA
System Software
1 21 (8.79%) Active Directory
1 21 (8.79%) Docker
2 6 (2.51%) Oracle RAC
3 4 (1.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (1.67%) VMware Workstation
3 4 (1.67%) vSphere
4 2 (0.84%) iptables
4 2 (0.84%) NFS
5 1 (0.42%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 11 (4.60%) Opscode Chef
2 8 (3.35%) SCOM
3 6 (2.51%) Data Guard
4 5 (2.09%) Kubernetes
4 5 (2.09%) Microsoft Clustering
5 4 (1.67%) Ansible
5 4 (1.67%) Backup Exec
5 4 (1.67%) McAfee ePO
5 4 (1.67%) NetBackup
5 4 (1.67%) Norton AntiVirus
5 4 (1.67%) SCCM
5 4 (1.67%) vCenter Server
5 4 (1.67%) WSUS
6 3 (1.26%) Oracle RMAN
7 2 (0.84%) Puppet
8 1 (0.42%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.42%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 78 (32.64%) Microsoft
2 38 (15.90%) Oracle
3 17 (7.11%) Xamarin
4 7 (2.93%) IBM
4 7 (2.93%) Red Hat
4 7 (2.93%) SAP
5 5 (2.09%) Tableau
6 4 (1.67%) Cloudera
6 4 (1.67%) McAfee
6 4 (1.67%) Symantec
6 4 (1.67%) Teradata
6 4 (1.67%) VMware
7 3 (1.26%) CA
7 3 (1.26%) Cisco
7 3 (1.26%) Citrix
8 2 (0.84%) Avaya
8 2 (0.84%) EMC
8 2 (0.84%) ESRI
8 2 (0.84%) HP
8 2 (0.84%) Mitel