Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Wales
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 3 8
Rank change year-on-year -1 +5 -5
Contract jobs citing SQL 263 252 209
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 15.81% 20.52% 14.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.54% 52.39% 33.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 190 158 142
Wales median daily rate £425 £365 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.44% -2.67% +15.38%
10th Percentile £285 £225 £203
90th Percentile £586 £550 £592
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 8
Wales median hourly rate £19.00 £18.50 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.70% -53.16% +125.71%
10th Percentile £9.60 £14.35 £15.41
90th Percentile £35.00 £22.85 £62.08
UK median hourly rate £27.50 £27.16 £28.00
% change year-on-year +1.25% -3.00% +0.79%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 740 481 615
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 44.47% 39.17% 43.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 542 325 413
Wales median daily rate £414 £375 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.33% -9.09% +17.86%
10th Percentile £313 £255 £263
90th Percentile £575 £538 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 8 15
Wales median hourly rate £23.25 £18.75 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.97% -65.91% +184.13%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.29 £17.83
90th Percentile £38.13 £39.20 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +1.35%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Wales region over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -2 219 £413 +17.86% 71
West Wales +5 31 £500 -1.96% 6
North Wales -5 4 £375 +3.45% 13
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 91 (34.60%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (31.56%) SQL Server
3 82 (31.18%) Java
4 70 (26.62%) Oracle
4 70 (26.62%) Microsoft
5 56 (21.29%) .NET
6 48 (18.25%) XML
6 48 (18.25%) Windows
7 47 (17.87%) Security Cleared
8 45 (17.11%) Test Automation
8 45 (17.11%) SOAP
9 42 (15.97%) JavaScript
10 40 (15.21%) SC Cleared
11 38 (14.45%) Git (software)
11 38 (14.45%) HTML
12 37 (14.07%) C#
13 33 (12.55%) Microsoft Azure
14 30 (11.41%) JIRA
14 30 (11.41%) MVC
14 30 (11.41%) EJB
14 30 (11.41%) JSP
14 30 (11.41%) Python
15 29 (11.03%) JDBC
15 29 (11.03%) WebLogic
15 29 (11.03%) ASP.NET
15 29 (11.03%) Finance
16 28 (10.65%) Struts
16 28 (10.65%) WSDL
16 28 (10.65%) Relational Database
17 27 (10.27%) WebLogic Workshop

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (11.03%) WebLogic
2 21 (7.98%) Confluence
3 11 (4.18%) WebSphere
4 10 (3.80%) WebSphere Application Server
5 8 (3.04%) IIS
5 8 (3.04%) SAS
6 6 (2.28%) MS Exchange
6 6 (2.28%) SharePoint
7 5 (1.90%) Apache Spark
7 5 (1.90%) Exchange Server 2013
8 4 (1.52%) ArcGIS
8 4 (1.52%) Tomcat
9 3 (1.14%) MQSeries
10 2 (0.76%) JBoss
10 2 (0.76%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.38%) Apache
11 1 (0.38%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.38%) CMS
11 1 (0.38%) FileNet
11 1 (0.38%) Mule
Applications
1 11 (4.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.76%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
1 2 (0.76%) Sage X3
2 1 (0.38%) BPCS
2 1 (0.38%) OPENHousing
Cloud Services
1 33 (12.55%) Microsoft Azure
2 20 (7.60%) Amazon AWS
3 2 (0.76%) IaaS
3 2 (0.76%) NuGet
3 2 (0.76%) Office 365
3 2 (0.76%) PaaS
3 2 (0.76%) Serverless
4 1 (0.38%) Azure Active Directory
4 1 (0.38%) GitHub
4 1 (0.38%) OpenShift
4 1 (0.38%) SaaS
4 1 (0.38%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.94%) Firewall
2 9 (3.42%) VPN
3 8 (3.04%) DMZ
4 7 (2.66%) Network Security
4 7 (2.66%) TCP/IP
5 5 (1.90%) VLAN
5 5 (1.90%) VSAN
6 3 (1.14%) HTTP
6 3 (1.14%) VoIP
7 2 (0.76%) DNS
7 2 (0.76%) DSL
7 2 (0.76%) Internet
7 2 (0.76%) ISDN
7 2 (0.76%) SNMP
7 2 (0.76%) SSH
7 2 (0.76%) tcpdump
8 1 (0.38%) Intranet
8 1 (0.38%) SAN
8 1 (0.38%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 83 (31.56%) SQL Server
2 28 (10.65%) Relational Database
3 22 (8.37%) RDBMS
4 18 (6.84%) MongoDB
4 18 (6.84%) MySQL
5 15 (5.70%) PostgreSQL
5 15 (5.70%) SQL Server 2008
5 15 (5.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 13 (4.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 9 (3.42%) Hadoop
7 9 (3.42%) Oracle Database
7 9 (3.42%) SQL Server 2012
8 7 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (2.66%) MS Access
9 6 (2.28%) Apache Hive
9 6 (2.28%) Big Data
9 6 (2.28%) BusinessObjects
10 5 (1.90%) SQL Server 2016
11 4 (1.52%) Cosmos DB
11 4 (1.52%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 38 (14.45%) Git (software)
2 30 (11.41%) JIRA
3 27 (10.27%) WebLogic Workshop
4 26 (9.89%) Jenkins
5 22 (8.37%) Selenium
6 21 (7.98%) Maven
7 20 (7.60%) MSTest
8 19 (7.22%) JUnit
8 19 (7.22%) NUnit
8 19 (7.22%) SoapUI
9 17 (6.46%) Cucumber
10 15 (5.70%) Team Foundation Server
11 13 (4.94%) Artifactory
12 11 (4.18%) Subversion
12 11 (4.18%) Visual Studio
12 11 (4.18%) Visual Studio Team System
13 10 (3.80%) WebDriver
14 9 (3.42%) SpecFlow
15 8 (3.04%) Gradle
16 7 (2.66%) TestNG
General
1 29 (11.03%) Finance
2 12 (4.56%) Telecoms
3 7 (2.66%) Banking
4 5 (1.90%) Legal
4 5 (1.90%) Retail
5 4 (1.52%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.14%) Electronics
6 3 (1.14%) Marketing
7 2 (0.76%) Back Office
8 1 (0.38%) Advertising
8 1 (0.38%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.38%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.38%) Law
8 1 (0.38%) Military
Job Titles
1 127 (48.29%) Developer
2 38 (14.45%) Java Developer
3 36 (13.69%) Analyst
4 30 (11.41%) .NET Developer
5 26 (9.89%) Architect
6 19 (7.22%) SQL Developer
7 18 (6.84%) Test Engineer
8 15 (5.70%) DBA
9 14 (5.32%) Software Developer
9 14 (5.32%) Test Automation Engineer
10 10 (3.80%) Test Analyst
11 9 (3.42%) Cloud Developer
11 9 (3.42%) Tester
12 8 (3.04%) Automation Tester
12 8 (3.04%) Consultant
12 8 (3.04%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 8 (3.04%) Security Architect
12 8 (3.04%) Support Analyst
13 7 (2.66%) SQL DBA
13 7 (2.66%) Xamarin Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (21.29%) .NET
2 48 (18.25%) XML
3 45 (17.11%) SOAP
4 38 (14.45%) HTML
5 30 (11.41%) EJB
5 30 (11.41%) JSP
6 29 (11.03%) ASP.NET
6 29 (11.03%) JDBC
7 28 (10.65%) Struts
7 28 (10.65%) WSDL
8 25 (9.51%) .NET Framework
9 24 (9.13%) Spring
10 21 (7.98%) AngularJS
11 20 (7.60%) ASP.NET MVC
12 18 (6.84%) Entity Framework
13 17 (6.46%) Dropwizard
13 17 (6.46%) Hibernate
13 17 (6.46%) Play Framework
13 17 (6.46%) Spring Boot
14 16 (6.08%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 13 (4.94%) NHS
2 12 (4.56%) Management Information System
3 10 (3.80%) CESG
4 7 (2.66%) Analytical Skills
4 7 (2.66%) Clustering
4 7 (2.66%) Mobile App
4 7 (2.66%) N-Tier
4 7 (2.66%) PKI
5 6 (2.28%) Greenfield Project
6 5 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.52%) Driving Licence
8 3 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (0.76%) Reference Data
10 1 (0.38%) Computer Science
10 1 (0.38%) Data Protection Act
10 1 (0.38%) Digital Media
10 1 (0.38%) DTCC
10 1 (0.38%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.38%) Fixed Income
10 1 (0.38%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 48 (18.25%) Windows
2 26 (9.89%) Linux
3 23 (8.75%) Windows Server
4 21 (7.98%) Unix
5 18 (6.84%) Android
5 18 (6.84%) Apple iOS
6 15 (5.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (3.42%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (2.66%) AIX
9 3 (1.14%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.76%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.38%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 91 (34.60%) Agile Software Development
2 45 (17.11%) Test Automation
3 30 (11.41%) MVC
4 25 (9.51%) Unit Testing
5 24 (9.13%) Scrum
6 23 (8.75%) ITIL
7 20 (7.60%) OOP
8 17 (6.46%) Android Development
8 17 (6.46%) iOS Development
8 17 (6.46%) Mentoring
9 16 (6.08%) Continuous Integration
9 16 (6.08%) Regression Testing
9 16 (6.08%) TDD
10 14 (5.32%) Business Intelligence
10 14 (5.32%) Microservices
10 14 (5.32%) Project Management
11 13 (4.94%) BDD
11 13 (4.94%) Coaching
11 13 (4.94%) Performance Testing
11 13 (4.94%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 82 (31.18%) Java
2 42 (15.97%) JavaScript
3 37 (14.07%) C#
4 30 (11.41%) Python
5 24 (9.13%) Scala
6 21 (7.98%) Groovy
7 20 (7.60%) PL/SQL
8 14 (5.32%) Java 8
8 14 (5.32%) Ruby
9 13 (4.94%) T-SQL
10 12 (4.56%) C
10 12 (4.56%) PowerShell
10 12 (4.56%) XAML
11 11 (4.18%) C++
11 11 (4.18%) VBA
12 8 (3.04%) Shell Script
13 6 (2.28%) Korn
13 6 (2.28%) Perl
14 5 (1.90%) R
15 3 (1.14%) VB
Qualifications
1 47 (17.87%) Security Cleared
2 40 (15.21%) SC Cleared
3 22 (8.37%) Degree
4 7 (2.66%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (2.28%) CESG Certified Professional
5 6 (2.28%) HND
5 6 (2.28%) Microsoft Certification
6 5 (1.90%) ISEB
6 5 (1.90%) ISTQB
6 5 (1.90%) MCSE
7 3 (1.14%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (1.14%) HNC
7 3 (1.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.76%) BC Cleared
8 2 (0.76%) CCNA
8 2 (0.76%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.38%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.38%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.94%) QA
2 6 (2.28%) Data Quality
2 6 (2.28%) GDPR
3 5 (1.90%) PCI DSS
4 4 (1.52%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.76%) SLA
System Software
1 22 (8.37%) Active Directory
2 18 (6.84%) Docker
3 6 (2.28%) Oracle RAC
3 6 (2.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (1.90%) VMware Workstation
4 5 (1.90%) vSphere
5 2 (0.76%) iptables
5 2 (0.76%) NFS
6 1 (0.38%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 13 (4.94%) Opscode Chef
2 9 (3.42%) SCOM
3 6 (2.28%) Data Guard
4 5 (1.90%) Backup Exec
4 5 (1.90%) Kubernetes
4 5 (1.90%) McAfee ePO
4 5 (1.90%) Microsoft Clustering
4 5 (1.90%) NetBackup
4 5 (1.90%) Norton AntiVirus
4 5 (1.90%) SCCM
4 5 (1.90%) vCenter Server
4 5 (1.90%) WSUS
5 4 (1.52%) Ansible
6 3 (1.14%) Oracle RMAN
7 2 (0.76%) Puppet
8 1 (0.38%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.38%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 70 (26.62%) Microsoft
1 70 (26.62%) Oracle
2 18 (6.84%) Xamarin
3 10 (3.80%) IBM
4 9 (3.42%) SAP
5 8 (3.04%) Red Hat
5 8 (3.04%) Tableau
6 7 (2.66%) Teradata
7 6 (2.28%) CA
7 6 (2.28%) VMware
8 5 (1.90%) Cloudera
8 5 (1.90%) McAfee
8 5 (1.90%) Symantec
9 4 (1.52%) ESRI
10 3 (1.14%) Citrix
10 3 (1.14%) Hortonworks
11 2 (0.76%) Avaya
11 2 (0.76%) EMC
11 2 (0.76%) Remedy
11 2 (0.76%) Sage