Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Wales
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 3 4 9
Rank change year-on-year +1 +5 -6
Contract jobs citing SQL 290 260 172
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 17.20% 19.76% 12.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 38.36% 48.51% 27.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 208 160 124
Wales median daily rate £418 £368 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.37% -1.80% +10.29%
10th Percentile £263 £240 £185
90th Percentile £575 £550 £550
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 7 7
Wales median hourly rate £23.16 £30.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.79% -47.83% +134.69%
10th Percentile £10.28 £16.75 £18.30
90th Percentile £35.00 £49.52 £62.35
UK median hourly rate £33.08 £26.78 £33.00
% change year-on-year +23.55% -18.86% +10.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 756 536 627
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 44.84% 40.73% 45.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 534 351 439
Wales median daily rate £425 £398 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.92% -5.92% +20.71%
10th Percentile £313 £263 £275
90th Percentile £575 £560 £561
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 15 17
Wales median hourly rate £22.01 £47.50 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -53.67% -13.64% +124.49%
10th Percentile £12.25 £16.75 £18.18
90th Percentile £35.25 £77.50 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.48% - +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Wales region over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +1 232 £400 +14.29% 82
West Wales +7 44 £500 -1.96% 7
North Wales -6 4 £375 +3.45% 14
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 89 (30.69%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (30.34%) Java
3 85 (29.31%) SQL Server
4 77 (26.55%) Oracle
5 73 (25.17%) Microsoft
6 65 (22.41%) .NET
7 52 (17.93%) Security Cleared
8 46 (15.86%) XML
9 45 (15.52%) JavaScript
10 43 (14.83%) HTML
11 42 (14.48%) Windows
12 41 (14.14%) SC Cleared
12 41 (14.14%) Test Automation
13 39 (13.45%) SOAP
13 39 (13.45%) ASP.NET
14 38 (13.10%) MVC
15 36 (12.41%) Git (software)
16 34 (11.72%) WebLogic
16 34 (11.72%) C#
17 32 (11.03%) .NET Framework
17 32 (11.03%) Microsoft Azure
18 31 (10.69%) Unit Testing
18 31 (10.69%) EJB
18 31 (10.69%) JSP
18 31 (10.69%) Unix
19 30 (10.34%) JDBC
19 30 (10.34%) Relational Database
20 29 (10.00%) PL/SQL
20 29 (10.00%) Struts
20 29 (10.00%) WSDL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (11.72%) WebLogic
2 21 (7.24%) Confluence
3 11 (3.79%) WebSphere
4 10 (3.45%) WebSphere Application Server
5 7 (2.41%) IIS
6 6 (2.07%) Apache Spark
6 6 (2.07%) Tomcat
7 5 (1.72%) MS Exchange
7 5 (1.72%) SAS
7 5 (1.72%) SharePoint
8 4 (1.38%) ArcGIS
8 4 (1.38%) Exchange Server 2013
9 3 (1.03%) MQSeries
10 2 (0.69%) Mule
10 2 (0.69%) WildFly
11 1 (0.34%) FileNet
11 1 (0.34%) JBoss
11 1 (0.34%) Umbraco
Applications
1 14 (4.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (1.03%) Sage X3
2 2 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.69%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.34%) LongView
3 1 (0.34%) OPENHousing
Cloud Services
1 32 (11.03%) Microsoft Azure
2 16 (5.52%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (1.72%) Office 365
3 5 (1.72%) PaaS
4 4 (1.38%) IaaS
5 2 (0.69%) NuGet
5 2 (0.69%) Serverless
6 1 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (0.34%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
6 1 (0.34%) GitHub
6 1 (0.34%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.45%) Firewall
1 10 (3.45%) VPN
2 7 (2.41%) HTTP
2 7 (2.41%) TCP/IP
3 6 (2.07%) DMZ
3 6 (2.07%) Network Security
4 5 (1.72%) SSL
5 4 (1.38%) VLAN
5 4 (1.38%) VSAN
6 3 (1.03%) VoIP
7 2 (0.69%) DNS
7 2 (0.69%) Internet
7 2 (0.69%) Intranet
7 2 (0.69%) ISDN
7 2 (0.69%) SNMP
7 2 (0.69%) SSH
7 2 (0.69%) tcpdump
8 1 (0.34%) AMQP
8 1 (0.34%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (29.31%) SQL Server
2 30 (10.34%) Relational Database
3 25 (8.62%) SQL Server 2008
4 22 (7.59%) MongoDB
4 22 (7.59%) RDBMS
5 17 (5.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 16 (5.52%) Oracle Database
7 13 (4.48%) SQL Server 2016
8 12 (4.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 11 (3.79%) Hadoop
9 11 (3.79%) PostgreSQL
10 10 (3.45%) MS Access
10 10 (3.45%) MySQL
11 9 (3.10%) Big Data
11 9 (3.10%) Data Warehouse
11 9 (3.10%) SQL Server 2012
12 7 (2.41%) Azure SQL Database
13 6 (2.07%) BusinessObjects
13 6 (2.07%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 5 (1.72%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 36 (12.41%) Git (software)
2 28 (9.66%) Jenkins
2 28 (9.66%) WebLogic Workshop
3 26 (8.97%) JIRA
3 26 (8.97%) MSTest
4 25 (8.62%) NUnit
5 19 (6.55%) SoapUI
5 19 (6.55%) Team Foundation Server
6 18 (6.21%) Maven
6 18 (6.21%) Selenium
7 16 (5.52%) JUnit
8 15 (5.17%) Cucumber
9 14 (4.83%) Artifactory
10 12 (4.14%) CA Gen
11 10 (3.45%) Visual Studio
11 10 (3.45%) Visual Studio Team System
11 10 (3.45%) WebDriver
12 7 (2.41%) Oracle Forms
13 5 (1.72%) Gradle
13 5 (1.72%) Subversion
General
1 26 (8.97%) Finance
2 13 (4.48%) Telecoms
3 5 (1.72%) Legal
3 5 (1.72%) Manufacturing
3 5 (1.72%) Marketing
4 4 (1.38%) Banking
4 4 (1.38%) Electronics
4 4 (1.38%) Retail
5 2 (0.69%) Advertising
5 2 (0.69%) Back Office
6 1 (0.34%) Investment Banking
6 1 (0.34%) Law
6 1 (0.34%) Military
Job Titles
1 152 (52.41%) Developer
2 43 (14.83%) Java Developer
3 38 (13.10%) .NET Developer
4 35 (12.07%) Analyst
5 26 (8.97%) SQL Developer
6 24 (8.28%) Architect
7 18 (6.21%) Software Developer
8 16 (5.52%) DBA
8 16 (5.52%) Test Engineer
9 14 (4.83%) Oracle Developer
10 12 (4.14%) Test Automation Engineer
11 11 (3.79%) Data Analyst
12 10 (3.45%) CA Gen Developer
13 9 (3.10%) Cloud Developer
13 9 (3.10%) Lead Developer
13 9 (3.10%) Oracle DBA
13 9 (3.10%) Test Analyst
14 8 (2.76%) Data Architect
14 8 (2.76%) SC Cleared Java Developer
14 8 (2.76%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (22.41%) .NET
2 46 (15.86%) XML
3 43 (14.83%) HTML
4 39 (13.45%) ASP.NET
4 39 (13.45%) SOAP
5 32 (11.03%) .NET Framework
6 31 (10.69%) EJB
6 31 (10.69%) JSP
7 30 (10.34%) JDBC
8 29 (10.00%) Struts
8 29 (10.00%) WSDL
9 28 (9.66%) Entity Framework
10 27 (9.31%) ASP.NET MVC
11 24 (8.28%) Hibernate
11 24 (8.28%) LINQ
11 24 (8.28%) Spring
12 22 (7.59%) Dropwizard
13 19 (6.55%) AngularJS
14 18 (6.21%) Play Framework
14 18 (6.21%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 16 (5.52%) NHS
2 12 (4.14%) Management Information System
3 9 (3.10%) CESG
4 7 (2.41%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (2.41%) Mobile App
5 6 (2.07%) Clustering
5 6 (2.07%) N-Tier
5 6 (2.07%) PKI
6 5 (1.72%) Analytical Skills
7 4 (1.38%) Driving Licence
7 4 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (0.69%) Digital Media
8 2 (0.69%) Reference Data
9 1 (0.34%) Cyber Defence
9 1 (0.34%) Data Centre
9 1 (0.34%) DTCC
9 1 (0.34%) Enterprise Software
9 1 (0.34%) Mainframe
9 1 (0.34%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 42 (14.48%) Windows
2 31 (10.69%) Unix
3 23 (7.93%) Linux
4 20 (6.90%) Windows Server
5 18 (6.21%) Android
5 18 (6.21%) Apple iOS
6 12 (4.14%) AIX
6 12 (4.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (2.76%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.03%) Mac OS X
8 3 (1.03%) Windows 10
8 3 (1.03%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.34%) VMS
9 1 (0.34%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.34%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 89 (30.69%) Agile Software Development
2 41 (14.14%) Test Automation
3 38 (13.10%) MVC
4 31 (10.69%) Unit Testing
5 27 (9.31%) OOP
6 25 (8.62%) Scrum
7 22 (7.59%) Mentoring
8 21 (7.24%) ITIL
9 18 (6.21%) Coaching
10 17 (5.86%) Android Development
10 17 (5.86%) iOS Development
11 16 (5.52%) Business Intelligence
11 16 (5.52%) Continuous Integration
12 15 (5.17%) Project Management
12 15 (5.17%) TDD
13 14 (4.83%) Migration
13 14 (4.83%) Performance Testing
13 14 (4.83%) Software Engineering
14 12 (4.14%) DevOps
14 12 (4.14%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 88 (30.34%) Java
2 45 (15.52%) JavaScript
3 34 (11.72%) C#
4 29 (10.00%) PL/SQL
5 26 (8.97%) Scala
6 24 (8.28%) Python
7 21 (7.24%) Groovy
8 15 (5.17%) Java 8
9 14 (4.83%) Shell Script
10 13 (4.48%) C
11 12 (4.14%) T-SQL
11 12 (4.14%) VBA
11 12 (4.14%) XAML
12 10 (3.45%) Ruby
13 8 (2.76%) PowerShell
14 6 (2.07%) Korn
15 5 (1.72%) C++
15 5 (1.72%) Perl
15 5 (1.72%) R
16 4 (1.38%) VB
Qualifications
1 52 (17.93%) Security Cleared
2 41 (14.14%) SC Cleared
3 22 (7.59%) Degree
4 12 (4.14%) BPSS Clearance
5 5 (1.72%) CESG Certified Professional
5 5 (1.72%) HND
5 5 (1.72%) ISEB
5 5 (1.72%) ISTQB
6 4 (1.38%) MCSE
6 4 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (1.03%) BC Cleared
7 3 (1.03%) HNC
7 3 (1.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.69%) CCNA
8 2 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.69%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.34%) MCP
9 1 (0.34%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.79%) QA
2 4 (1.38%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.69%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.34%) GDPR
System Software
1 21 (7.24%) Docker
2 20 (6.90%) Active Directory
3 6 (2.07%) Oracle RAC
4 5 (1.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (1.38%) VMware Workstation
5 4 (1.38%) vSphere
6 2 (0.69%) iptables
6 2 (0.69%) NFS
7 1 (0.34%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 12 (4.14%) Opscode Chef
2 8 (2.76%) SCOM
3 6 (2.07%) Data Guard
3 6 (2.07%) Kubernetes
4 4 (1.38%) Backup Exec
4 4 (1.38%) McAfee ePO
4 4 (1.38%) Microsoft Clustering
4 4 (1.38%) NetBackup
4 4 (1.38%) Norton AntiVirus
4 4 (1.38%) SCCM
4 4 (1.38%) vCenter Server
4 4 (1.38%) WSUS
5 3 (1.03%) Ansible
5 3 (1.03%) Oracle RMAN
6 2 (0.69%) Puppet
7 1 (0.34%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
7 1 (0.34%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 77 (26.55%) Oracle
2 73 (25.17%) Microsoft
3 18 (6.21%) Xamarin
4 16 (5.52%) CA
5 15 (5.17%) IBM
6 8 (2.76%) SAP
6 8 (2.76%) Tableau
7 6 (2.07%) Red Hat
8 5 (1.72%) VMware
9 4 (1.38%) Atlassian
9 4 (1.38%) Cloudera
9 4 (1.38%) ESRI
9 4 (1.38%) McAfee
9 4 (1.38%) Symantec
10 3 (1.03%) Cisco
10 3 (1.03%) Citrix
10 3 (1.03%) HP
10 3 (1.03%) Sage
11 2 (0.69%) EMC
11 2 (0.69%) Remedy