Period
to 16 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 16 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Wales
6 months to
16 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 8 3
Rank change year-on-year +4 -5 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 240 194 389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 19.42% 13.91% 24.84%
As % of the Programming Languages category 50.42% 31.34% 48.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 153 134 280
Wales median daily rate £360 £375 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +15.38% -
10th Percentile £225 £205 £210
90th Percentile £550 £569 £457
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 8
Wales median hourly rate £19.00 £57.50 £18.11
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -66.96% +217.55% -16.94%
10th Percentile £16.75 £18.30 £14.55
90th Percentile £27.77 £62.35 £27.08
UK median hourly rate £26.60 £29.94 £27.75
% change year-on-year -11.17% +7.89% +2.78%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 476 619 806
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 38.51% 44.37% 51.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 319 424 589
Wales median daily rate £375 £415 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.64% +18.57% -
10th Percentile £250 £283 £230
90th Percentile £538 £575 £475
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 16 25
Wales median hourly rate £23.14 £55.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -57.93% +161.90% -3.67%
10th Percentile £16.75 £19.15 £13.00
90th Percentile £77.50 £77.50 £48.32
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +19.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 16 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 16 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Wales region over the 6 months to 16 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +2 175 £343 -4.86% 14
West Wales +8 39 £510 +36.00% 2
North Wales +4 10 £363 +28.89% 8
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 16 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 103 (42.92%) Agile Software Development
2 96 (40.00%) Microsoft
3 90 (37.50%) SQL Server
4 68 (28.33%) JavaScript
5 66 (27.50%) Java
6 64 (26.67%) HTML
6 64 (26.67%) Security Cleared
7 58 (24.17%) CSS
8 57 (23.75%) Web Services
9 53 (22.08%) .NET
10 50 (20.83%) RESTful
11 48 (20.00%) SC Cleared
12 47 (19.58%) NoSQL
13 45 (18.75%) Python
14 44 (18.33%) Amazon AWS
14 44 (18.33%) Git (software)
14 44 (18.33%) Relational Database
15 43 (17.92%) Oracle
16 41 (17.08%) MVC
16 41 (17.08%) XML
17 39 (16.25%) Node.js
18 38 (15.83%) C#
19 37 (15.42%) PaaS
19 37 (15.42%) Dropwizard
20 36 (15.00%) Open Source
20 36 (15.00%) T-SQL
21 35 (14.58%) Serverless
22 34 (14.17%) CQRS
23 33 (13.75%) RDBMS
24 29 (12.08%) ASP.NET

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (5.00%) IIS
1 12 (5.00%) SharePoint
2 9 (3.75%) OpenROAD
3 8 (3.33%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (3.33%) MS Exchange
4 7 (2.92%) Tomcat
5 4 (1.67%) Exchange Server 2013
5 4 (1.67%) Mule
5 4 (1.67%) SAS
5 4 (1.67%) WebLogic
5 4 (1.67%) WildFly
6 3 (1.25%) Apache Solr
7 2 (0.83%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.42%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.42%) JCAPS
8 1 (0.42%) PowerExchange
8 1 (0.42%) SharePoint 2010
8 1 (0.42%) WebSphere
Applications
1 15 (6.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.75%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (3.75%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (2.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.42%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.42%) Cognos Business Intelligence
1 1 (0.42%) Cognos TM1
1 1 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.42%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 44 (18.33%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (15.42%) PaaS
3 35 (14.58%) Serverless
4 17 (7.08%) Microsoft Azure
5 6 (2.50%) Office 365
6 4 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (1.67%) IaaS
7 3 (1.25%) Amazon S3
7 3 (1.25%) npm
8 2 (0.83%) BrowserStack
9 1 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 1 (0.42%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 13 (5.42%) TCP/IP
1 13 (5.42%) VLAN
2 9 (3.75%) VSAN
3 8 (3.33%) Firewall
4 6 (2.50%) DNS
5 5 (2.08%) DHCP
6 3 (1.25%) AMQP
7 1 (0.42%) Intranet
7 1 (0.42%) NetScaler
7 1 (0.42%) SAN
7 1 (0.42%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (37.50%) SQL Server
2 47 (19.58%) NoSQL
3 44 (18.33%) Relational Database
4 33 (13.75%) RDBMS
5 27 (11.25%) Data Warehouse
5 27 (11.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 21 (8.75%) SQL Server 2008
7 18 (7.50%) Oracle Database
8 15 (6.25%) SQL Server 2012
9 13 (5.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 10 (4.17%) Ingres
10 10 (4.17%) Power BI
10 10 (4.17%) SQL Server 2016
11 9 (3.75%) MySQL
12 8 (3.33%) Oracle Database 11g
12 8 (3.33%) Oracle Database 12c
12 8 (3.33%) SQL Server 2014
13 7 (2.92%) Azure SQL Database
13 7 (2.92%) PowerPivot
14 5 (2.08%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 44 (18.33%) Git (software)
2 19 (7.92%) NUnit
3 16 (6.67%) MSTest
3 16 (6.67%) Team Foundation Server
4 14 (5.83%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
5 9 (3.75%) JUnit
6 8 (3.33%) Visual Studio
7 7 (2.92%) Jenkins
7 7 (2.92%) JIRA
8 5 (2.08%) Selenium
8 5 (2.08%) Subversion
8 5 (2.08%) Visual Studio Team System
9 4 (1.67%) Ant
9 4 (1.67%) Gradle
9 4 (1.67%) Maven
10 3 (1.25%) Grunt
10 3 (1.25%) gulp
10 3 (1.25%) Mockito
10 3 (1.25%) SoapUI
10 3 (1.25%) SonarQube
General
1 17 (7.08%) Finance
2 5 (2.08%) Romanian Language
3 3 (1.25%) Legal
3 3 (1.25%) Manufacturing
3 3 (1.25%) Telecoms
4 2 (0.83%) Banking
4 2 (0.83%) Electronics
4 2 (0.83%) Marketing
5 1 (0.42%) Automotive
5 1 (0.42%) Back Office
5 1 (0.42%) Local Government
5 1 (0.42%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 131 (54.58%) Developer
2 42 (17.50%) Java Developer
3 29 (12.08%) .NET Developer
4 23 (9.58%) Architect
5 22 (9.17%) DBA
6 21 (8.75%) SQL Developer
7 18 (7.50%) Data Architect
8 17 (7.08%) Analyst
9 15 (6.25%) SQL DBA
10 14 (5.83%) Technical Architect
11 10 (4.17%) Data Warehouse Developer
11 10 (4.17%) SQL Server Architect
12 9 (3.75%) Data Analyst
12 9 (3.75%) Senior Developer
12 9 (3.75%) Test Engineer
13 8 (3.33%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 8 (3.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 7 (2.92%) SSIS Developer
15 6 (2.50%) Software Developer
16 5 (2.08%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (26.67%) HTML
2 58 (24.17%) CSS
3 57 (23.75%) Web Services
4 53 (22.08%) .NET
5 50 (20.83%) RESTful
6 41 (17.08%) XML
7 39 (16.25%) Node.js
8 37 (15.42%) Dropwizard
9 29 (12.08%) ASP.NET
10 27 (11.25%) jQuery
11 23 (9.58%) .NET Framework
12 20 (8.33%) ASP.NET MVC
13 17 (7.08%) Entity Framework
13 17 (7.08%) LINQ
14 14 (5.83%) Spring
15 13 (5.42%) XSD
16 12 (5.00%) SOAP
16 12 (5.00%) XML Schema
17 10 (4.17%) Hibernate
18 9 (3.75%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 20 (8.33%) NHS
2 14 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (4.17%) N-Tier
4 9 (3.75%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (3.33%) Management Information System
6 5 (2.08%) Clustering
6 5 (2.08%) Data Structures
7 2 (0.83%) iSeries
7 2 (0.83%) Replication
7 2 (0.83%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.42%) Blackberry
8 1 (0.42%) CESG
8 1 (0.42%) Client/Server
8 1 (0.42%) Computer Science
8 1 (0.42%) Fintech
8 1 (0.42%) iPad
8 1 (0.42%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.42%) Reference Data
8 1 (0.42%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 28 (11.67%) Windows
2 17 (7.08%) Linux
2 17 (7.08%) Unix
2 17 (7.08%) Windows Server
3 10 (4.17%) AIX
4 7 (2.92%) Windows 10
5 5 (2.08%) Windows 7
5 5 (2.08%) Windows 8
5 5 (2.08%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (1.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.83%) CentOS
7 2 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.42%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 103 (42.92%) Agile Software Development
2 41 (17.08%) MVC
3 36 (15.00%) Open Source
4 34 (14.17%) CQRS
5 28 (11.67%) Data Modelling
5 28 (11.67%) Mentoring
5 28 (11.67%) Migration
6 27 (11.25%) ETL
6 27 (11.25%) Unit Testing
7 26 (10.83%) Coaching
8 24 (10.00%) High Availability
9 22 (9.17%) Business Intelligence
9 22 (9.17%) Software Engineering
10 21 (8.75%) OOP
10 21 (8.75%) Test Automation
11 19 (7.92%) TOGAF
12 18 (7.50%) Scrum
12 18 (7.50%) SDLC
13 16 (6.67%) Enterprise Architecture
13 16 (6.67%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 68 (28.33%) JavaScript
2 66 (27.50%) Java
3 45 (18.75%) Python
4 38 (15.83%) C#
5 36 (15.00%) T-SQL
6 15 (6.25%) C
7 12 (5.00%) PL/SQL
8 10 (4.17%) PowerShell
9 9 (3.75%) Ingres ABF
9 9 (3.75%) VBA
10 7 (2.92%) R
10 7 (2.92%) Shell Script
11 6 (2.50%) Scala
12 5 (2.08%) C++
13 4 (1.67%) PHP
13 4 (1.67%) VB
14 3 (1.25%) VB6
14 3 (1.25%) XPath
15 1 (0.42%) Perl
15 1 (0.42%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 64 (26.67%) Security Cleared
2 48 (20.00%) SC Cleared
3 25 (10.42%) Degree
4 20 (8.33%) BPSS Clearance
5 17 (7.08%) Microsoft Certification
6 12 (5.00%) ISEB
7 6 (2.50%) MCSE
8 4 (1.67%) DBS Check
8 4 (1.67%) HNC
9 3 (1.25%) DV Cleared
9 3 (1.25%) ISTQB
9 3 (1.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (1.25%) MCSA
10 2 (0.83%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.42%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.42%) Computer Science Degree
11 1 (0.42%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (4.58%) HL7
2 7 (2.92%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (2.50%) Data Quality
4 5 (2.08%) QA
5 3 (1.25%) SLA
System Software
1 17 (7.08%) VMware Infrastructure
2 12 (5.00%) Active Directory
3 9 (3.75%) vSphere
4 8 (3.33%) VMware Workstation
5 5 (2.08%) Hyper-V
6 3 (1.25%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (1.25%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.83%) Oracle Clusterware
8 1 (0.42%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.42%) Docker
8 1 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.42%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 1 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.42%) XenApp
8 1 (0.42%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 10 (4.17%) HP Quality Center
2 8 (3.33%) SCCM
2 8 (3.33%) SCOM
3 5 (2.08%) Backup Exec
3 5 (2.08%) McAfee ePO
3 5 (2.08%) NetBackup
3 5 (2.08%) Norton AntiVirus
3 5 (2.08%) WhatsUp Gold
4 4 (1.67%) Oracle RMAN
4 4 (1.67%) vCenter Server
4 4 (1.67%) WSUS
5 2 (0.83%) Data Guard
5 2 (0.83%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 2 (0.83%) Oracle Flashback
5 2 (0.83%) Oracle Statspack
5 2 (0.83%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 1 (0.42%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 1 (0.42%) Nagios
6 1 (0.42%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 96 (40.00%) Microsoft
2 43 (17.92%) Oracle
3 21 (8.75%) VMware
4 14 (5.83%) HP
5 10 (4.17%) RedGate
6 7 (2.92%) SAP
7 6 (2.50%) Cloudera
7 6 (2.50%) Tableau
8 5 (2.08%) BMC
8 5 (2.08%) Informatica
8 5 (2.08%) McAfee
8 5 (2.08%) Symantec
8 5 (2.08%) Teradata
9 4 (1.67%) IBM
10 3 (1.25%) Citrix
10 3 (1.25%) Perforce
10 3 (1.25%) Red Hat
11 2 (0.83%) MicroStrategy
12 1 (0.42%) Dell
12 1 (0.42%) Remedy