Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Wales
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 3 7
Rank change year-on-year -6 +4 -3
Contract jobs citing SQL 200 194 174
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 12.98% 16.78% 14.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.50% 44.09% 36.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 152 124 106
Wales median daily rate £425 £355 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +19.80% +9.15% -
10th Percentile £301 £250 £181
90th Percentile £587 £549 £541
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 6 8
Wales median hourly rate £15.00 £17.39 £12.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.74% +43.72% -24.38%
10th Percentile £11.35 £13.50 £10.92
90th Percentile £18.25 £23.77 £20.96
UK median hourly rate £24.08 £27.16 £29.44
% change year-on-year -11.34% -7.74% +12.84%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 678 440 482
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 44.00% 38.06% 41.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 520 316 323
Wales median daily rate £411 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.67% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £307 £263 £210
90th Percentile £560 £538 £518
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 10 17
Wales median hourly rate £18.87 £19.88 £18.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.06% +6.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £12.50 £14.10 £10.86
90th Percentile £19.90 £37.90 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +4.17%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Wales region over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -2 188 £420 +20.00% 64
West Wales -9 5 £500 - 11
North Wales -6 2 £413 +14.19% 14
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 77 (38.50%) SQL Server
2 68 (34.00%) Microsoft
3 67 (33.50%) Agile Software Development
4 46 (23.00%) .NET
4 46 (23.00%) Windows
5 45 (22.50%) Java
6 44 (22.00%) Security Cleared
7 43 (21.50%) Test Automation
8 40 (20.00%) Oracle
9 39 (19.50%) SC Cleared
10 38 (19.00%) Git (software)
10 38 (19.00%) Microsoft Azure
11 37 (18.50%) Python
12 35 (17.50%) SOAP
13 34 (17.00%) C#
14 31 (15.50%) Relational Database
15 27 (13.50%) RDBMS
15 27 (13.50%) Jenkins
15 27 (13.50%) JIRA
16 26 (13.00%) MVC
17 25 (12.50%) Active Directory
18 24 (12.00%) Finance
19 23 (11.50%) PL/SQL
19 23 (11.50%) MySQL
19 23 (11.50%) ASP.NET
19 23 (11.50%) Unit Testing
19 23 (11.50%) Amazon AWS
19 23 (11.50%) Windows Server
20 21 (10.50%) PowerShell
20 21 (10.50%) .NET Framework

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (8.50%) Confluence
2 9 (4.50%) MS Exchange
2 9 (4.50%) WebSphere
3 8 (4.00%) WebSphere Application Server
4 7 (3.50%) IIS
5 6 (3.00%) Exchange Server 2013
5 6 (3.00%) Tomcat
6 5 (2.50%) Apache Spark
6 5 (2.50%) Mule
6 5 (2.50%) SharePoint
6 5 (2.50%) WildFly
7 4 (2.00%) ArcGIS
7 4 (2.00%) SAS
8 3 (1.50%) Exchange Server 2010
8 3 (1.50%) MQSeries
9 2 (1.00%) Apache
9 2 (1.00%) JBoss
9 2 (1.00%) Umbraco
10 1 (0.50%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.50%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (4.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (2.00%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (1.50%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.50%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (1.00%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.50%) BPCS
3 1 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.50%) OPENHousing
3 1 (0.50%) Sage 200
Cloud Services
1 38 (19.00%) Microsoft Azure
2 23 (11.50%) Amazon AWS
3 3 (1.50%) IaaS
3 3 (1.50%) NuGet
3 3 (1.50%) PaaS
4 2 (1.00%) Office 365
4 2 (1.00%) Serverless
5 1 (0.50%) Azure Active Directory
5 1 (0.50%) GitHub
5 1 (0.50%) OpenShift
5 1 (0.50%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 11 (5.50%) Firewall
2 10 (5.00%) TCP/IP
3 8 (4.00%) DNS
4 6 (3.00%) VPN
5 5 (2.50%) DHCP
5 5 (2.50%) DMZ
6 4 (2.00%) Network Security
7 3 (1.50%) HTTP
7 3 (1.50%) Internet
7 3 (1.50%) SSH
7 3 (1.50%) tcpdump
7 3 (1.50%) VLAN
7 3 (1.50%) VoIP
7 3 (1.50%) VSAN
8 2 (1.00%) Intranet
8 2 (1.00%) SMTP
8 2 (1.00%) SNMP
9 1 (0.50%) DSL
9 1 (0.50%) SAN
9 1 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (38.50%) SQL Server
2 31 (15.50%) Relational Database
3 27 (13.50%) RDBMS
4 23 (11.50%) MySQL
5 17 (8.50%) PostgreSQL
6 14 (7.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 13 (6.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 8 (4.00%) Hadoop
8 8 (4.00%) SQL Server 2008
9 6 (3.00%) Apache Hive
9 6 (3.00%) SQL Server 2012
10 5 (2.50%) Big Data
10 5 (2.50%) Oracle Database
11 4 (2.00%) GIS
11 4 (2.00%) SQL Server 2014
12 3 (1.50%) BusinessObjects
12 3 (1.50%) Crystal Reports
12 3 (1.50%) MS Access
12 3 (1.50%) Power BI
12 3 (1.50%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 38 (19.00%) Git (software)
2 27 (13.50%) Jenkins
2 27 (13.50%) JIRA
3 20 (10.00%) Selenium
4 19 (9.50%) Maven
5 18 (9.00%) MSTest
6 17 (8.50%) NUnit
7 15 (7.50%) Artifactory
7 15 (7.50%) Cucumber
7 15 (7.50%) JUnit
7 15 (7.50%) Visual Studio Team System
8 13 (6.50%) SoapUI
9 12 (6.00%) Team Foundation Server
10 10 (5.00%) Subversion
11 8 (4.00%) SpecFlow
12 7 (3.50%) Gradle
12 7 (3.50%) Visual Studio
12 7 (3.50%) WebDriver
13 6 (3.00%) CA Gen
13 6 (3.00%) TestNG
General
1 24 (12.00%) Finance
2 11 (5.50%) Telecoms
3 5 (2.50%) Manufacturing
4 4 (2.00%) Banking
4 4 (2.00%) Marketing
5 3 (1.50%) Electronics
5 3 (1.50%) Legal
5 3 (1.50%) Retail
6 2 (1.00%) Advertising
7 1 (0.50%) Back Office
7 1 (0.50%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.50%) Military
Job Titles
1 76 (38.00%) Developer
2 29 (14.50%) Architect
3 26 (13.00%) Analyst
4 21 (10.50%) .NET Developer
5 17 (8.50%) Java Developer
6 15 (7.50%) Test Engineer
7 13 (6.50%) SQL Developer
8 12 (6.00%) DBA
9 11 (5.50%) Database Architect
9 11 (5.50%) Test Automation Engineer
10 9 (4.50%) Support Analyst
10 9 (4.50%) Tester
11 8 (4.00%) Automation Tester
12 7 (3.50%) Applications Support
12 7 (3.50%) Consultant
12 7 (3.50%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 7 (3.50%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 7 (3.50%) Software Engineer
12 7 (3.50%) Test Analyst
12 7 (3.50%) Xamarin Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (23.00%) .NET
2 35 (17.50%) SOAP
3 23 (11.50%) ASP.NET
4 21 (10.50%) .NET Framework
5 19 (9.50%) ASP.NET MVC
6 18 (9.00%) Spring
7 16 (8.00%) AngularJS
8 15 (7.50%) Entity Framework
9 13 (6.50%) Hibernate
9 13 (6.50%) LINQ
9 13 (6.50%) REST
9 13 (6.50%) XML
10 12 (6.00%) CSS
10 12 (6.00%) HTML
10 12 (6.00%) J2EE
10 12 (6.00%) WPF
11 11 (5.50%) Spring Boot
12 9 (4.50%) Node.js
13 8 (4.00%) JMS
13 8 (4.00%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 9 (4.50%) CESG
2 8 (4.00%) Management Information System
2 8 (4.00%) Mobile App
3 7 (3.50%) NHS
3 7 (3.50%) PKI
4 6 (3.00%) Analytical Skills
4 6 (3.00%) Linux Command Line
5 5 (2.50%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (2.00%) Clustering
6 4 (2.00%) Data Centre
6 4 (2.00%) N-Tier
7 1 (0.50%) AS400
7 1 (0.50%) Computer Science
7 1 (0.50%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (0.50%) Fintech
7 1 (0.50%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.50%) Tandem
7 1 (0.50%) User Experience
7 1 (0.50%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 46 (23.00%) Windows
2 23 (11.50%) Windows Server
3 20 (10.00%) Linux
4 18 (9.00%) Android
4 18 (9.00%) Apple iOS
5 17 (8.50%) Unix
6 11 (5.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (3.50%) AIX
7 7 (3.50%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (2.50%) Windows 10
9 3 (1.50%) Windows 7
9 3 (1.50%) Windows 8
9 3 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.50%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (33.50%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (21.50%) Test Automation
3 26 (13.00%) MVC
4 23 (11.50%) Unit Testing
5 21 (10.50%) Scrum
6 20 (10.00%) Mentoring
6 20 (10.00%) Problem-Solving
7 19 (9.50%) ITIL
8 18 (9.00%) Android Development
8 18 (9.00%) High Availability
8 18 (9.00%) iOS Development
9 17 (8.50%) Continuous Integration
9 17 (8.50%) OOP
10 15 (7.50%) Coaching
11 13 (6.50%) Regression Testing
12 12 (6.00%) Business Intelligence
12 12 (6.00%) DevOps
12 12 (6.00%) Microservices
12 12 (6.00%) TDD
13 11 (5.50%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 45 (22.50%) Java
2 37 (18.50%) Python
3 34 (17.00%) C#
4 23 (11.50%) PL/SQL
5 21 (10.50%) PowerShell
6 20 (10.00%) JavaScript
7 17 (8.50%) Ruby
8 16 (8.00%) C++
9 15 (7.50%) Groovy
10 13 (6.50%) XAML
11 11 (5.50%) C
12 10 (5.00%) Java 8
12 10 (5.00%) Scala
13 8 (4.00%) T-SQL
14 7 (3.50%) Perl
14 7 (3.50%) Shell Script
15 6 (3.00%) Korn
16 5 (2.50%) VBA
17 4 (2.00%) Bash Shell
18 3 (1.50%) R
Qualifications
1 44 (22.00%) Security Cleared
2 39 (19.50%) SC Cleared
3 15 (7.50%) Degree
4 7 (3.50%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (2.50%) ISEB
6 4 (2.00%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (2.00%) CESG Certified Professional
6 4 (2.00%) HND
7 3 (1.50%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (1.50%) ISTQB
7 3 (1.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (1.50%) MCSA
7 3 (1.50%) MCSE
8 2 (1.00%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.50%) CCNA
9 1 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.50%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.50%) HNC
9 1 (0.50%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.50%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (6.00%) Data Quality
1 12 (6.00%) GDPR
2 9 (4.50%) QA
3 4 (2.00%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (1.00%) SLA
5 1 (0.50%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 25 (12.50%) Active Directory
2 12 (6.00%) Docker
3 10 (5.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (4.00%) vSphere
5 3 (1.50%) iptables
5 3 (1.50%) NFS
5 3 (1.50%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (1.50%) VMware Workstation
6 2 (1.00%) XenDesktop
7 1 (0.50%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 1 (0.50%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 11 (5.50%) Opscode Chef
2 7 (3.50%) SCOM
3 6 (3.00%) Backup Exec
3 6 (3.00%) McAfee ePO
3 6 (3.00%) NetBackup
3 6 (3.00%) Norton AntiVirus
4 5 (2.50%) Microsoft Clustering
5 4 (2.00%) Kubernetes
6 3 (1.50%) Ansible
6 3 (1.50%) Data Guard
6 3 (1.50%) Puppet
6 3 (1.50%) SCCM
6 3 (1.50%) vCenter Server
6 3 (1.50%) WSUS
7 2 (1.00%) Forefront Identity Manager
8 1 (0.50%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.50%) Oozie
8 1 (0.50%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 68 (34.00%) Microsoft
2 40 (20.00%) Oracle
3 18 (9.00%) Xamarin
4 12 (6.00%) Teradata
5 11 (5.50%) VMware
6 10 (5.00%) IBM
6 10 (5.00%) SAP
7 8 (4.00%) Red Hat
8 6 (3.00%) CA
8 6 (3.00%) Citrix
8 6 (3.00%) McAfee
8 6 (3.00%) Symantec
9 4 (2.00%) Cloudera
9 4 (2.00%) ESRI
9 4 (2.00%) Tableau
10 3 (1.50%) Cisco
10 3 (1.50%) Hortonworks
10 3 (1.50%) Remedy
11 2 (1.00%) CheckPoint
12 1 (0.50%) Mitel