Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Wales
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 5 3
Rank change year-on-year -3 -2 +5
Contract jobs citing SQL 147 258 251
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 11.88% 15.41% 20.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.52% 34.96% 53.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 113 190 159
Wales median daily rate £375 £425 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.76% +17.24% -3.33%
10th Percentile £256 £285 £225
90th Percentile £548 £588 £550
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 5
Wales median hourly rate £35.00 £19.00 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +84.21% +2.70% -53.16%
10th Percentile £24.80 £9.60 £14.35
90th Percentile £37.85 £35.00 £22.85
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £27.62 £27.16
% change year-on-year +26.74% +1.68% -3.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 498 738 473
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 40.26% 44.09% 38.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 358 546 319
Wales median daily rate £425 £414 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.72% +10.33% -9.09%
10th Percentile £269 £313 £254
90th Percentile £575 £575 £538
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 21 8
Wales median hourly rate £35.50 £23.00 £18.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +54.35% +22.67% -65.91%
10th Percentile £19.18 £13.00 £14.29
90th Percentile £45.00 £37.50 £39.20
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.57 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.93% +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Wales region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -3 114 £394 -4.55% 55
West Wales -8 16 £390 -22.00% 12
North Wales +7 10 £375 +0.07% 13
Mid Wales - 1 - - 6
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 43 (29.25%) Microsoft
1 43 (29.25%) SQL Server
2 30 (20.41%) Windows
3 29 (19.73%) Oracle
3 29 (19.73%) Test Automation
4 27 (18.37%) Security Cleared
4 27 (18.37%) XML
4 27 (18.37%) C#
5 23 (15.65%) Java
5 23 (15.65%) .NET
5 23 (15.65%) Unix
5 23 (15.65%) Python
5 23 (15.65%) Agile Software Development
5 23 (15.65%) Test Scripting
6 22 (14.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 22 (14.97%) ISTQB
7 21 (14.29%) SC Cleared
8 20 (13.61%) Azure
8 20 (13.61%) Data Warehouse
8 20 (13.61%) Business Intelligence
9 19 (12.93%) Finance
9 19 (12.93%) Validation
9 19 (12.93%) AWS
10 18 (12.24%) Power BI
10 18 (12.24%) Power Platform
10 18 (12.24%) Software Testing
10 18 (12.24%) Data Modelling
11 17 (11.56%) ETL
11 17 (11.56%) TCP/IP
11 17 (11.56%) SOAP

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.40%) Elasticsearch
2 3 (2.04%) Apache Spark
2 3 (2.04%) ArcGIS
2 3 (2.04%) Confluence
2 3 (2.04%) IIS
3 2 (1.36%) NetWeaver
3 2 (1.36%) Oracle Service Bus
3 2 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 2 (1.36%) Tomcat
4 1 (0.68%) SAS
4 1 (0.68%) SharePoint
4 1 (0.68%) Umbraco
Applications
1 5 (3.40%) FileZilla
1 5 (3.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (2.04%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (1.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.68%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (1.36%) Oracle BPM
1 2 (1.36%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 20 (13.61%) Azure
2 19 (12.93%) AWS
3 18 (12.24%) Power Platform
4 4 (2.72%) Office 365
4 4 (2.72%) Serverless
5 2 (1.36%) Azure Data Factory
5 2 (1.36%) GCP
5 2 (1.36%) Slack
6 1 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
6 1 (0.68%) npm
6 1 (0.68%) NuGet
6 1 (0.68%) PaaS
6 1 (0.68%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 17 (11.56%) TCP/IP
2 13 (8.84%) ISDN
3 7 (4.76%) SSH
4 5 (3.40%) Remote Desktop
5 3 (2.04%) HTTP
5 3 (2.04%) Reverse Proxy
5 3 (2.04%) SSL
6 2 (1.36%) Wireshark
7 1 (0.68%) DAB
7 1 (0.68%) DNS
7 1 (0.68%) Firewall
7 1 (0.68%) tcpdump
7 1 (0.68%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (29.25%) SQL Server
2 22 (14.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 20 (13.61%) Data Warehouse
4 18 (12.24%) Power BI
5 13 (8.84%) Oracle Database
6 9 (6.12%) MySQL
7 8 (5.44%) Relational Database
7 8 (5.44%) SQL Server 2016
7 8 (5.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 7 (4.76%) Amazon Aurora
9 5 (3.40%) GIS
9 5 (3.40%) MongoDB
10 4 (2.72%) Hadoop
10 4 (2.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 3 (2.04%) Big Data
11 3 (2.04%) NoSQL
12 2 (1.36%) Azure SQL Database
12 2 (1.36%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (1.36%) QlikView
12 2 (1.36%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 13 (8.84%) Selenium
1 13 (8.84%) SoapUI
2 12 (8.16%) Rational DOORS
3 11 (7.48%) Team Foundation Server
3 11 (7.48%) Visual Studio
4 10 (6.80%) Git (software)
5 8 (5.44%) Jenkins
5 8 (5.44%) JMeter
6 5 (3.40%) ClearCase
6 5 (3.40%) ClearQuest
7 4 (2.72%) LoadRunner
7 4 (2.72%) Maven
7 4 (2.72%) SpecFlow
7 4 (2.72%) Visual Studio Coded UI
7 4 (2.72%) Visual Studio Team System
8 3 (2.04%) JIRA
9 2 (1.36%) Eclipse
9 2 (1.36%) TestComplete
9 2 (1.36%) Vagrant
9 2 (1.36%) WebDriver
General
1 19 (12.93%) Finance
2 17 (11.56%) Telecoms
3 7 (4.76%) Public Sector
4 5 (3.40%) Banking
4 5 (3.40%) Investment Banking
4 5 (3.40%) Retail
5 3 (2.04%) Marketing
6 2 (1.36%) Law
6 2 (1.36%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.68%) Electronics
7 1 (0.68%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.68%) Military
7 1 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.68%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 45 (30.61%) Developer
2 15 (10.20%) Analyst
3 14 (9.52%) SQL Developer
4 12 (8.16%) .NET Developer
4 12 (8.16%) Architect
4 12 (8.16%) Test Engineer
5 10 (6.80%) Validation Engineer
5 10 (6.80%) Verification Engineer
6 9 (6.12%) Software Engineer
6 9 (6.12%) Solutions Architect
6 9 (6.12%) Test Analyst
7 8 (5.44%) Tester
8 7 (4.76%) Consultant
8 7 (4.76%) DBA
9 6 (4.08%) Full Stack Developer
9 6 (4.08%) Test Automation Engineer
10 5 (3.40%) Business Intelligence Developer
10 5 (3.40%) Data Warehouse Developer
10 5 (3.40%) Java Developer
10 5 (3.40%) Robotic Process Automation Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (18.37%) XML
2 23 (15.65%) .NET
3 17 (11.56%) SOAP
4 15 (10.20%) CSS
4 15 (10.20%) HTML
5 8 (5.44%) Node.js
5 8 (5.44%) XSD
6 7 (4.76%) Web Services
7 6 (4.08%) ASP.NET
7 6 (4.08%) pytest
7 6 (4.08%) Spring
7 6 (4.08%) SQLAlchemy
8 5 (3.40%) .NET Framework
8 5 (3.40%) Flask
8 5 (3.40%) JSON
8 5 (3.40%) REST
9 4 (2.72%) AngularJS
9 4 (2.72%) Entity Framework
9 4 (2.72%) Gherkin
9 4 (2.72%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 12 (8.16%) Cyber Defence
1 12 (8.16%) Self-Motivation
2 7 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (4.08%) NHS
4 4 (2.72%) Clustering
4 4 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
4 4 (2.72%) Robotics
5 3 (2.04%) Mobile App
6 2 (1.36%) Algorithms
6 2 (1.36%) Virtual Team
7 1 (0.68%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.68%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (0.68%) Management Information System
7 1 (0.68%) PKI
7 1 (0.68%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 30 (20.41%) Windows
2 23 (15.65%) Unix
3 11 (7.48%) Linux
4 6 (4.08%) Android
4 6 (4.08%) Windows Server
5 4 (2.72%) Windows Server 2003
5 4 (2.72%) Windows Vista
6 3 (2.04%) Windows 10
7 2 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (1.36%) SUSE
7 2 (1.36%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (0.68%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (19.73%) Test Automation
2 23 (15.65%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (15.65%) Test Scripting
3 20 (13.61%) Business Intelligence
4 19 (12.93%) Validation
5 18 (12.24%) Data Modelling
5 18 (12.24%) Software Testing
6 17 (11.56%) ETL
7 15 (10.20%) Microservices
8 13 (8.84%) Black-Box Testing
8 13 (8.84%) Data Development
8 13 (8.84%) Network Management
8 13 (8.84%) Problem-Solving
8 13 (8.84%) Project Delivery
9 12 (8.16%) Requirements Management
9 12 (8.16%) Stakeholder Management
10 11 (7.48%) Software Engineering
11 10 (6.80%) Machine Learning
12 9 (6.12%) MVC
12 9 (6.12%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 27 (18.37%) C#
2 23 (15.65%) Java
2 23 (15.65%) Python
3 11 (7.48%) JavaScript
4 8 (5.44%) T-SQL
5 7 (4.76%) PowerShell
6 5 (3.40%) PL/SQL
6 5 (3.40%) R
6 5 (3.40%) VB.NET
7 4 (2.72%) C
7 4 (2.72%) Scala
7 4 (2.72%) TypeScript
8 3 (2.04%) Julia
9 2 (1.36%) Bash Shell
9 2 (1.36%) Perl
9 2 (1.36%) PHP
9 2 (1.36%) VBA
10 1 (0.68%) C++
10 1 (0.68%) Delphi
10 1 (0.68%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 27 (18.37%) Security Cleared
2 22 (14.97%) ISTQB
3 21 (14.29%) SC Cleared
4 13 (8.84%) CCNA
4 13 (8.84%) Cisco Certification
5 6 (4.08%) Degree
6 4 (2.72%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (2.72%) ISEB
7 3 (2.04%) EC-Council LPT
7 3 (2.04%) GIAC
7 3 (2.04%) GPEN
7 3 (2.04%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (1.36%) CEPT
8 2 (1.36%) GXPN
9 1 (0.68%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.68%) HND
9 1 (0.68%) MCSA
9 1 (0.68%) MCSE
9 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.68%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (5.44%) QA
2 3 (2.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.36%) SLA
4 1 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.68%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 10 (6.80%) Docker
2 6 (4.08%) Active Directory
2 6 (4.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (3.40%) Virtual Desktop
4 3 (2.04%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (1.36%) Snort
6 1 (0.68%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.68%) iptables
6 1 (0.68%) NFS
6 1 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.68%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.68%) VMware Server
6 1 (0.68%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 6 (4.08%) Kubernetes
1 6 (4.08%) SCCM
2 4 (2.72%) Grafana
3 3 (2.04%) Data Guard
3 3 (2.04%) HP ALM
3 3 (2.04%) SCOM
4 2 (1.36%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (1.36%) SCSM
4 2 (1.36%) SCVMM
5 1 (0.68%) Ansible
5 1 (0.68%) McAfee ePO
5 1 (0.68%) Puppet
5 1 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.68%) Terraform
5 1 (0.68%) WSUS
Vendors
1 43 (29.25%) Microsoft
2 29 (19.73%) Oracle
3 13 (8.84%) EMC
4 7 (4.76%) VMware
5 5 (3.40%) Automation Anywhere
5 5 (3.40%) Google
6 4 (2.72%) Blue Prism
6 4 (2.72%) ESRI
6 4 (2.72%) McAfee
6 4 (2.72%) Tableau
6 4 (2.72%) UiPath
7 3 (2.04%) HP
7 3 (2.04%) Kaspersky
7 3 (2.04%) SAP
8 2 (1.36%) MuleSoft
8 2 (1.36%) Remedy
8 2 (1.36%) Splunk
9 1 (0.68%) Axiomatics
9 1 (0.68%) Cloudera
9 1 (0.68%) Imperva