Period
to 22 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Wales
6 months to
22 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 7 11 7
Rank change year-on-year +4 -4 -2
Contract jobs citing SQL 185 166 170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 12.54% 11.19% 12.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.12% 26.02% 34.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 137 120 111
Wales median daily rate £400 £400 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +23.08% -2.62%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £183
90th Percentile £593 £594 £400
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 8
Wales median hourly rate £35.50 - £22.20
10th Percentile £26.00 - £13.80
90th Percentile £42.43 - £40.15
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £24.53 £39.25
% change year-on-year +42.71% -37.52% +40.18%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 576 638 488
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 39.05% 43.02% 36.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 443 492 358
Wales median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £276 £298 £213
90th Percentile £606 £560 £525
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £445
% change year-on-year +2.70% +3.93% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 4 20
Wales median hourly rate £36.75 £18.87 £37.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +94.75% -49.19% +87.43%
10th Percentile £19.67 £17.92 £14.24
90th Percentile £49.42 £20.56 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year +6.10% -0.61% +10.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 22 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in Wales over the 6 months to 22 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in Wales

SQL
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the Wales region over the 6 months to 22 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +5 156 £400 - 78
West Wales - 21 £425 - 4
North Wales - 3 £350 - 21
Mid Wales - 1 - - 3
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 22 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for SQL.

1 61 (32.97%) SQL Server
2 47 (25.41%) C#
2 47 (25.41%) Microsoft
3 44 (23.78%) .NET
4 38 (20.54%) Agile Software Development
5 37 (20.00%) Finance
5 37 (20.00%) XML
5 37 (20.00%) Microsoft Azure
6 34 (18.38%) Docker
6 34 (18.38%) Windows
7 33 (17.84%) Python
7 33 (17.84%) Security Cleared
8 31 (16.76%) PowerShell
8 31 (16.76%) Java
9 29 (15.68%) Git (software)
10 27 (14.59%) Test Automation
11 26 (14.05%) Team Foundation Server
11 26 (14.05%) Kubernetes
12 25 (13.51%) Oracle
12 25 (13.51%) Data Warehouse
12 25 (13.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 24 (12.97%) Jenkins
14 23 (12.43%) Unix
14 23 (12.43%) T-SQL
15 22 (11.89%) DevOps
16 20 (10.81%) ETL
16 20 (10.81%) SC Cleared
17 19 (10.27%) HTML
18 18 (9.73%) SOAP
18 18 (9.73%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (7.03%) Tomcat
2 12 (6.49%) IIS
3 11 (5.95%) Mule
4 4 (2.16%) Cloud Foundry
5 3 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.62%) NetWeaver
6 2 (1.08%) Apache Spark
6 2 (1.08%) ArcGIS
6 2 (1.08%) Confluence
7 1 (0.54%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.54%) SAS
7 1 (0.54%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.54%) WebSphere
Applications
1 15 (8.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (4.86%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (4.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (2.16%) FileZilla
5 1 (0.54%) Stata
Business Applications
1 4 (2.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (1.62%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (1.08%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (1.08%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.54%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.54%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 37 (20.00%) Microsoft Azure
2 11 (5.95%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (4.86%) Power Platform
4 5 (2.70%) GitHub
4 5 (2.70%) Office 365
5 4 (2.16%) Google Cloud Platform
5 4 (2.16%) PaaS
5 4 (2.16%) Serverless
6 1 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (0.54%) npm
6 1 (0.54%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 8 (4.32%) TCP/IP
2 5 (2.70%) DSL
2 5 (2.70%) SSH
3 4 (2.16%) DHCP
3 4 (2.16%) DNS
3 4 (2.16%) HTTP
3 4 (2.16%) Remote Desktop
3 4 (2.16%) SSL
4 3 (1.62%) ISDN
4 3 (1.62%) Reverse Proxy
5 2 (1.08%) Firewall
5 2 (1.08%) Wireshark
6 1 (0.54%) DAB
6 1 (0.54%) Internet
6 1 (0.54%) Intranet
6 1 (0.54%) SNMP
6 1 (0.54%) VoIP
6 1 (0.54%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (32.97%) SQL Server
2 25 (13.51%) Data Warehouse
2 25 (13.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 16 (8.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 11 (5.95%) NoSQL
4 11 (5.95%) Oracle Database
5 9 (4.86%) Power BI
6 7 (3.78%) Relational Database
7 6 (3.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 5 (2.70%) MS Access
8 5 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
8 5 (2.70%) Redis
9 4 (2.16%) DB2
9 4 (2.16%) GIS
9 4 (2.16%) MongoDB
9 4 (2.16%) SQL Server 2012
9 4 (2.16%) SQL Server 2016
10 3 (1.62%) QlikView
10 3 (1.62%) SQL Server 2008
10 3 (1.62%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 29 (15.68%) Git (software)
2 26 (14.05%) Team Foundation Server
3 24 (12.97%) Jenkins
4 13 (7.03%) Visual Studio Team System
5 11 (5.95%) Artifactory
5 11 (5.95%) Maven
6 10 (5.41%) Visual Studio
7 8 (4.32%) SoapUI
8 7 (3.78%) CA Gen
8 7 (3.78%) Selenium
9 6 (3.24%) JIRA
9 6 (3.24%) Vagrant
10 5 (2.70%) ClearCase
11 4 (2.16%) ClearQuest
11 4 (2.16%) JMeter
12 3 (1.62%) Cucumber
12 3 (1.62%) Rational DOORS
12 3 (1.62%) SpecFlow
12 3 (1.62%) VSS/SourceSafe
13 2 (1.08%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 37 (20.00%) Finance
2 12 (6.49%) Retail
3 10 (5.41%) Banking
3 10 (5.41%) Investment Banking
4 6 (3.24%) Telecoms
5 2 (1.08%) Law
5 2 (1.08%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.54%) Financial Institution
6 1 (0.54%) Legal
6 1 (0.54%) Marketing
6 1 (0.54%) Military
6 1 (0.54%) Multimedia
6 1 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
6 1 (0.54%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 64 (34.59%) Developer
2 25 (13.51%) Analyst
2 25 (13.51%) Architect
3 21 (11.35%) Solutions Architect
4 15 (8.11%) SQL Developer
5 14 (7.57%) DevOps Engineer
6 12 (6.49%) Test Analyst
7 11 (5.95%) DBA
7 11 (5.95%) Robotic Process Automation Architect
8 9 (4.86%) .NET Developer
8 9 (4.86%) Java Developer
9 8 (4.32%) Tester
10 7 (3.78%) 3rd Line Support
10 7 (3.78%) Consultant
10 7 (3.78%) Senior DevOps
10 7 (3.78%) Software Developer
10 7 (3.78%) SQL DBA
11 6 (3.24%) Infrastructure Support
11 6 (3.24%) Infrastructure Support Analyst
11 6 (3.24%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (23.78%) .NET
2 37 (20.00%) XML
3 19 (10.27%) HTML
4 18 (9.73%) SOAP
4 18 (9.73%) Web Services
5 16 (8.65%) CSS
6 13 (7.03%) ASP.NET
7 10 (5.41%) REST
8 9 (4.86%) Spring
9 8 (4.32%) AngularJS
10 7 (3.78%) Kafka
10 7 (3.78%) XSD
11 6 (3.24%) Drools
12 5 (2.70%) Gherkin
12 5 (2.70%) Middleware
12 5 (2.70%) RabbitMQ
12 5 (2.70%) Spring Boot
13 4 (2.16%) Hibernate
13 4 (2.16%) Laravel
13 4 (2.16%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 10 (5.41%) Robotics
2 6 (3.24%) Analytical Skills
3 5 (2.70%) NHS
4 4 (2.16%) Data Centre
5 3 (1.62%) Cyber Defence
5 3 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
5 3 (1.62%) Greenfield Project
5 3 (1.62%) Mobile App
6 2 (1.08%) Clustering
6 2 (1.08%) iPad
6 2 (1.08%) iPhone
6 2 (1.08%) Management Information System
6 2 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (1.08%) Virtual Team
7 1 (0.54%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (0.54%) Enterprise Storage
7 1 (0.54%) PKI
7 1 (0.54%) Reference Data
7 1 (0.54%) Replication
7 1 (0.54%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 34 (18.38%) Windows
2 23 (12.43%) Unix
3 18 (9.73%) Linux
4 12 (6.49%) Windows Server
5 7 (3.78%) AIX
6 4 (2.16%) Windows 10
7 3 (1.62%) SUSE
7 3 (1.62%) Windows 7
7 3 (1.62%) Windows Server 2003
7 3 (1.62%) Windows Vista
8 2 (1.08%) Windows 8
9 1 (0.54%) Android
9 1 (0.54%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.54%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (20.54%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (14.59%) Test Automation
3 22 (11.89%) DevOps
4 20 (10.81%) ETL
5 18 (9.73%) Microservices
6 17 (9.19%) Integration Testing
6 17 (9.19%) Project Management
7 15 (8.11%) Business Intelligence
7 15 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
7 15 (8.11%) Test Scripting
8 14 (7.57%) Data Modelling
8 14 (7.57%) Infrastructure as Code
9 13 (7.03%) Continuous Integration
9 13 (7.03%) Machine Learning
9 13 (7.03%) Migration
10 12 (6.49%) Collaborative Working
11 11 (5.95%) Performance Testing
11 11 (5.95%) Stakeholder Management
12 10 (5.41%) Artificial Intelligence
12 10 (5.41%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 47 (25.41%) C#
2 33 (17.84%) Python
3 31 (16.76%) Java
3 31 (16.76%) PowerShell
4 23 (12.43%) T-SQL
5 12 (6.49%) VB.NET
6 11 (5.95%) PL/SQL
7 8 (4.32%) JavaScript
8 7 (3.78%) Groovy
8 7 (3.78%) Shell Script
9 6 (3.24%) Bash Shell
9 6 (3.24%) VBA
10 5 (2.70%) PHP
11 3 (1.62%) C
11 3 (1.62%) PHP 5
12 2 (1.08%) C++
12 2 (1.08%) Embedded C
12 2 (1.08%) Java 8
13 1 (0.54%) Delphi
13 1 (0.54%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 33 (17.84%) Security Cleared
2 20 (10.81%) SC Cleared
3 11 (5.95%) ISTQB
4 9 (4.86%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (3.24%) Degree
6 4 (2.16%) ISEB
7 3 (1.62%) CCNA
7 3 (1.62%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (1.62%) DBS Check
7 3 (1.62%) EC-Council LPT
7 3 (1.62%) GIAC
7 3 (1.62%) GPEN
7 3 (1.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (1.08%) CEPT
8 2 (1.08%) GXPN
9 1 (0.54%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.54%) ISEB Practitioner
9 1 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.54%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 5 (2.70%) QA
2 3 (1.62%) Disclosure Scotland
2 3 (1.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (1.08%) PCI DSS
3 2 (1.08%) SLA
4 1 (0.54%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 34 (18.38%) Docker
2 11 (5.95%) Active Directory
3 9 (4.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (2.70%) Virtual Servers
5 4 (2.16%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (1.62%) vSphere
7 2 (1.08%) Snort
7 2 (1.08%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.54%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.54%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.54%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 26 (14.05%) Kubernetes
2 7 (3.78%) SCCM
3 4 (2.16%) Ansible
3 4 (2.16%) Grafana
3 4 (2.16%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (2.16%) SCOM
4 3 (1.62%) HP ALM
4 3 (1.62%) HP Quality Center
5 2 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
5 2 (1.08%) SCSM
5 2 (1.08%) SCVMM
6 1 (0.54%) Data Guard
6 1 (0.54%) Kibana
6 1 (0.54%) McAfee ePO
6 1 (0.54%) MIIS
6 1 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.54%) Terraform
6 1 (0.54%) WSUS
Vendors
1 47 (25.41%) Microsoft
2 25 (13.51%) Oracle
3 11 (5.95%) Automation Anywhere
4 10 (5.41%) Blue Prism
4 10 (5.41%) UiPath
4 10 (5.41%) VMware
5 9 (4.86%) IBM
6 8 (4.32%) CA
7 6 (3.24%) Cisco
7 6 (3.24%) Talend
8 5 (2.70%) Twitter
9 4 (2.16%) ESRI
9 4 (2.16%) Google
9 4 (2.16%) Remedy
10 3 (1.62%) Apple
10 3 (1.62%) EMC
10 3 (1.62%) HP
10 3 (1.62%) McAfee
10 3 (1.62%) SAP
10 3 (1.62%) Tableau