Period
to 14 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 14 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
14 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 842 796 751
Rank change year-on-year -46 -45 +111
Contract jobs citing LEMP Stack 61 92 138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.058% 0.089% 0.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.17% 0.28% 0.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 35 79 76
UK median daily rate £400 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £303 £340 £350
90th Percentile £567 £605 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -20.00% +11.11% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.14% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 - -

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,453 33,260 31,879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.74% 32.22% 30.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,767 23,511 22,009
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.16% +3.40%
Number of hourly rates quoted 314 363 359
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.79% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.08 £17.80 £14.55
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.40 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +3.83% +3.23% +3.33%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Contractor daily rate trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 14 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 60 £400 -20.00% 61
UK excluding London -17 45 £400 -20.00% 48
Midlands -6 17 £400 -20.00% 4
London -25 16 £500 - 15
East Midlands +21 13 £394 -12.50% 1
East of England -1 13 £463 -2.63% 3
South East -3 9 £431 +7.81% 14
West Midlands -26 3 £400 -20.00% 3
North of England -15 2 £419 -21.73% 19
North West -16 2 £419 -21.73% 7
Scotland -15 1 - - 1
South West -32 1 - - 6

For the 6 months to 14 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 59 (96.72%) MySQL
2 58 (95.08%) nginx
3 57 (93.44%) Linux
4 50 (81.97%) Amazon AWS
5 41 (67.21%) PHP
6 39 (63.93%) DevOps
7 37 (60.66%) CentOS
8 36 (59.02%) Python
9 34 (55.74%) Ansible
10 33 (54.10%) LAMP
11 32 (52.46%) Docker
12 31 (50.82%) Bash Shell
12 31 (50.82%) JavaScript
13 29 (47.54%) Apache
14 28 (45.90%) Red Hat
15 25 (40.98%) MongoDB
16 24 (39.34%) Git (software)
16 24 (39.34%) Nagios
17 23 (37.70%) Jenkins
18 21 (34.43%) Puppet
18 21 (34.43%) DNS
18 21 (34.43%) PostgreSQL
18 21 (34.43%) Ruby
19 20 (32.79%) Agile Software Development
19 20 (32.79%) Kubernetes
20 19 (31.15%) HAProxy
20 19 (31.15%) Terraform
21 18 (29.51%) Firewall
22 17 (27.87%) VMware
22 17 (27.87%) Opscode Chef

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (95.08%) nginx
2 29 (47.54%) Apache
3 12 (19.67%) OpenStack
4 6 (9.84%) Elasticsearch
5 4 (6.56%) Tomcat
5 4 (6.56%) WordPress
6 3 (4.92%) Apache Pig
6 3 (4.92%) Apache Spark
6 3 (4.92%) CMS
6 3 (4.92%) Drupal
7 2 (3.28%) Jetty
7 2 (3.28%) WebSphere
8 1 (1.64%) IIS
8 1 (1.64%) MODX
8 1 (1.64%) Mongrel
8 1 (1.64%) Mule ESB
8 1 (1.64%) WildFly
Applications
1 1 (1.64%) InVision
1 1 (1.64%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (4.92%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (3.28%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 50 (81.97%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (18.03%) Route 53
2 11 (18.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 10 (16.39%) Amazon EC2
4 8 (13.11%) npm
5 7 (11.48%) Yarn
6 5 (8.20%) SaaS
7 4 (6.56%) Microsoft Azure
8 3 (4.92%) GitHub
9 2 (3.28%) Google Analytics
9 2 (3.28%) Linode
10 1 (1.64%) Akamai
10 1 (1.64%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (1.64%) G Suite
10 1 (1.64%) Google App Engine
10 1 (1.64%) Google Cloud Platform
10 1 (1.64%) Google Tag Manager
10 1 (1.64%) Mailgun
10 1 (1.64%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 21 (34.43%) DNS
2 18 (29.51%) Firewall
3 9 (14.75%) Unicast
4 8 (13.11%) VPN
5 7 (11.48%) TCP/IP
6 4 (6.56%) DHCP
7 3 (4.92%) ICMP
7 3 (4.92%) SSH
8 2 (3.28%) FTP
8 2 (3.28%) HTTP
8 2 (3.28%) Internet
8 2 (3.28%) IPsec
8 2 (3.28%) SSL
9 1 (1.64%) AMQP
9 1 (1.64%) NAS
9 1 (1.64%) PBX
9 1 (1.64%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (1.64%) Structured Cabling
9 1 (1.64%) VLAN
9 1 (1.64%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (96.72%) MySQL
2 25 (40.98%) MongoDB
3 21 (34.43%) PostgreSQL
4 16 (26.23%) Hadoop
5 5 (8.20%) Redis
6 4 (6.56%) NoSQL
7 3 (4.92%) Apache Hive
7 3 (4.92%) Big Data
7 3 (4.92%) Flink
7 3 (4.92%) Neo4j
8 2 (3.28%) Relational Database
9 1 (1.64%) MariaDB
9 1 (1.64%) Oracle Database
9 1 (1.64%) phpMyAdmin
Development Applications
1 24 (39.34%) Git (software)
2 23 (37.70%) Jenkins
3 13 (21.31%) Vagrant
4 7 (11.48%) Babel
4 7 (11.48%) webpack
5 3 (4.92%) Artifactory
5 3 (4.92%) GitLab
5 3 (4.92%) SonarQube
6 2 (3.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 2 (3.28%) CircleCI
6 2 (3.28%) Cucumber
6 2 (3.28%) QUnit
6 2 (3.28%) Selenium
7 1 (1.64%) Gatling
7 1 (1.64%) gulp
7 1 (1.64%) JIRA
7 1 (1.64%) Maven
7 1 (1.64%) Sikuli
7 1 (1.64%) Subversion
7 1 (1.64%) Travis CI
General
1 6 (9.84%) Telecoms
2 3 (4.92%) Advertising
2 3 (4.92%) Marketing
2 3 (4.92%) Retail
3 2 (3.28%) Publishing
4 1 (1.64%) Avionics
4 1 (1.64%) Finance
4 1 (1.64%) Law
4 1 (1.64%) Legal
Job Titles
1 19 (31.15%) Developer
1 19 (31.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 13 (21.31%) Administrator
2 13 (21.31%) Systems Administrator
3 8 (13.11%) PHP Developer
4 7 (11.48%) Linux Administrator
4 7 (11.48%) Linux Systems Administrator
5 6 (9.84%) Full Stack Developer
6 5 (8.20%) Senior DevOps
6 5 (8.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 4 (6.56%) AWS Administrator
7 4 (6.56%) React Developer
8 3 (4.92%) Cloud Administrator
8 3 (4.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 3 (4.92%) Linux DevOps Engineer
8 3 (4.92%) Linux Engineer
8 3 (4.92%) Linux/Unix DevOps
8 3 (4.92%) Platform Engineer
8 3 (4.92%) Python Engineer
8 3 (4.92%) Senior Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (54.10%) LAMP
2 17 (27.87%) Elastic Stack
2 17 (27.87%) LAPP Stack
3 14 (22.95%) HTML
3 14 (22.95%) PHP-FPM
4 13 (21.31%) Memcached
5 11 (18.03%) CSS
5 11 (18.03%) Node.js
6 9 (14.75%) JSON
6 9 (14.75%) Sass
7 8 (13.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 7 (11.48%) D3.js
8 7 (11.48%) Jest
8 7 (11.48%) Redux
9 5 (8.20%) HTML5
9 5 (8.20%) Laravel
9 5 (8.20%) React
9 5 (8.20%) Web Services
10 4 (6.56%) jQuery
11 3 (4.92%) Samza
Miscellaneous
1 12 (19.67%) PKI
2 4 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
2 4 (6.56%) Self-Motivation
3 3 (4.92%) Public Cloud
4 2 (3.28%) Linux Command Line
4 2 (3.28%) Mobile App
4 2 (3.28%) Replication
5 1 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
5 1 (1.64%) Handset
5 1 (1.64%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 57 (93.44%) Linux
2 37 (60.66%) CentOS
3 5 (8.20%) Ubuntu
4 3 (4.92%) Unix
5 2 (3.28%) FreeBSD
5 2 (3.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (3.28%) Windows
6 1 (1.64%) Android
6 1 (1.64%) Apple iOS
6 1 (1.64%) Windows Server
6 1 (1.64%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (63.93%) DevOps
2 20 (32.79%) Agile Software Development
3 12 (19.67%) Auto-Scaling
4 10 (16.39%) Mentoring
5 9 (14.75%) Configuration Management
5 9 (14.75%) Open Source
6 8 (13.11%) Scrum
7 7 (11.48%) Continuous Integration
7 7 (11.48%) Web Development
8 5 (8.20%) Collaborative Working
8 5 (8.20%) Load Balancing
9 4 (6.56%) API Development
9 4 (6.56%) Front End Development
9 4 (6.56%) Kanban
9 4 (6.56%) Microservices
10 3 (4.92%) Build Automation
10 3 (4.92%) E-Commerce
10 3 (4.92%) ETL
10 3 (4.92%) Security Hardening
10 3 (4.92%) Software Delivery
Programming Languages
1 41 (67.21%) PHP
2 36 (59.02%) Python
3 31 (50.82%) Bash Shell
3 31 (50.82%) JavaScript
4 21 (34.43%) Ruby
5 16 (26.23%) Perl
6 8 (13.11%) Java
7 7 (11.48%) SQL
8 5 (8.20%) Go
9 3 (4.92%) Scala
10 2 (3.28%) C#
10 2 (3.28%) PHP 7
10 2 (3.28%) Shell Script
10 2 (3.28%) T-SQL
11 1 (1.64%) Apple Swift
11 1 (1.64%) C
11 1 (1.64%) C++
11 1 (1.64%) Groovy
11 1 (1.64%) Haskell
11 1 (1.64%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 3 (4.92%) SC Cleared
1 3 (4.92%) Security Cleared
2 2 (3.28%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (1.64%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.92%) GDPR
2 2 (3.28%) QA
3 1 (1.64%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 32 (52.46%) Docker
2 12 (19.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (3.28%) Xen
4 1 (1.64%) Active Directory
4 1 (1.64%) etcd
4 1 (1.64%) flannel
4 1 (1.64%) GlusterFS
4 1 (1.64%) NFS
4 1 (1.64%) Postfix
4 1 (1.64%) vCloud
4 1 (1.64%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (1.64%) VirtualBox
4 1 (1.64%) VMware NSX
4 1 (1.64%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 34 (55.74%) Ansible
2 24 (39.34%) Nagios
3 21 (34.43%) Puppet
4 20 (32.79%) Kubernetes
5 19 (31.15%) HAProxy
5 19 (31.15%) Terraform
6 17 (27.87%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (21.31%) Salt
7 13 (21.31%) ZABBIX
8 12 (19.67%) Icinga
9 3 (4.92%) Ambari
9 3 (4.92%) Consul
9 3 (4.92%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (4.92%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 3 (4.92%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 3 (4.92%) Prometheus
9 3 (4.92%) Sysdig
10 2 (3.28%) Grafana
11 1 (1.64%) Packer
11 1 (1.64%) rkt
Vendors
1 28 (45.90%) Red Hat
2 17 (27.87%) VMware
3 12 (19.67%) CheckPoint
3 12 (19.67%) NetApp
4 5 (8.20%) Google
5 3 (4.92%) Oracle
6 2 (3.28%) Microsoft
6 2 (3.28%) SaltStack
7 1 (1.64%) Adobe
7 1 (1.64%) Apple
7 1 (1.64%) BT
7 1 (1.64%) Dell
7 1 (1.64%) Lets Encrypt
7 1 (1.64%) Nokia
7 1 (1.64%) Openreach
7 1 (1.64%) Rackspace
7 1 (1.64%) SonicWALL
7 1 (1.64%) Synology
7 1 (1.64%) Ubiquiti
7 1 (1.64%) Zend