Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 814 748 766
Rank change year-on-year -66 +18 +19
Contract jobs citing LEMP Stack 35 121 71
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.039% 0.12% 0.078%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.12% 0.37% 0.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 22 89 44
UK median daily rate £475 £538 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.63% +16.22% +15.63%
10th Percentile £318 £350 £231
90th Percentile £575 £700 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £369 £450
% change year-on-year +35.59% -18.06% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
UK median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,414 33,037 29,094
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.44% 33.19% 32.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,558 23,211 20,156
UK median daily rate £490 £470 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.26% +6.82% +3.53%
10th Percentile £331 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +8.43% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 323 342 377
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.27 £40.26
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.56% +4.98% +7.36%
10th Percentile £17.60 £15.50 £15.70
90th Percentile £60.00 £67.03 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.70% +1.25% +6.67%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Contractor daily rate trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -36 32 £485 -9.77% 10
UK excluding London +41 24 £500 +35.59% 8
South East +15 12 £550 +41.94% 1
London -70 11 £388 -29.55% 2
North of England +28 4 £495 +52.31% 1
North East +15 4 £495 +23.75%
Scotland +29 3 £225 -
South West - 3 £600 - 5
Midlands +22 1 £325 +21.50% 1
East of England +6 1 - -
West Midlands +5 1 £325 +21.50% 1

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 33 (94.29%) MySQL
2 28 (80.00%) Linux
3 26 (74.29%) nginx
4 24 (68.57%) LAMP
5 23 (65.71%) Python
6 22 (62.86%) DevOps
7 20 (57.14%) Docker
8 18 (51.43%) Bash Shell
9 16 (45.71%) Apache
9 16 (45.71%) PHP
10 15 (42.86%) Kubernetes
11 14 (40.00%) Ansible
11 14 (40.00%) Amazon AWS
12 12 (34.29%) Git (software)
12 12 (34.29%) JavaScript
12 12 (34.29%) CSS
13 11 (31.43%) Puppet
13 11 (31.43%) Ruby
13 11 (31.43%) Opscode Chef
14 10 (28.57%) Jenkins
14 10 (28.57%) Relational Database
14 10 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
14 10 (28.57%) NoSQL
14 10 (28.57%) HTML
15 9 (25.71%) PostgreSQL
15 9 (25.71%) MongoDB
15 9 (25.71%) Continuous Integration
15 9 (25.71%) LAPP Stack
16 8 (22.86%) Node.js
16 8 (22.86%) Microservices

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (74.29%) nginx
2 16 (45.71%) Apache
3 7 (20.00%) lighttpd
3 7 (20.00%) OpenStack
4 5 (14.29%) Tomcat
5 3 (8.57%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (8.57%) WebSphere
6 2 (5.71%) Apache Spark
6 2 (5.71%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (5.71%) GemFire
6 2 (5.71%) WordPress
7 1 (2.86%) Confluence
7 1 (2.86%) IIS
Applications
1 1 (2.86%) Adobe XD
1 1 (2.86%) InVision
1 1 (2.86%) Photoshop
1 1 (2.86%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 5 (14.29%) Magento
2 4 (11.43%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 14 (40.00%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (22.86%) Amazon EC2
2 8 (22.86%) Amazon S3
3 7 (20.00%) Amazon ELB
4 5 (14.29%) Route 53
4 5 (14.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 3 (8.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 3 (8.57%) GitHub
5 3 (8.57%) Serverless
6 2 (5.71%) Amazon ECS
6 2 (5.71%) Amazon EMR
6 2 (5.71%) Amazon Kinesis
6 2 (5.71%) Cloudflare
6 2 (5.71%) DigitalOcean
6 2 (5.71%) Microsoft Azure
6 2 (5.71%) npm
6 2 (5.71%) OpenShift
7 1 (2.86%) CloudFront
7 1 (2.86%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (2.86%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 5 (14.29%) DNS
1 5 (14.29%) HTTP
2 4 (11.43%) Firewall
3 3 (8.57%) TCP/IP
4 2 (5.71%) AMQP
4 2 (5.71%) DSL
4 2 (5.71%) SSH
4 2 (5.71%) SSL
5 1 (2.86%) Internet
5 1 (2.86%) Kerberos
5 1 (2.86%) Reverse Proxy
5 1 (2.86%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (94.29%) MySQL
2 10 (28.57%) NoSQL
2 10 (28.57%) Relational Database
3 9 (25.71%) MongoDB
3 9 (25.71%) PostgreSQL
4 7 (20.00%) SQL Server
5 4 (11.43%) Apache Cassandra
5 4 (11.43%) MariaDB
6 2 (5.71%) Blockchain
6 2 (5.71%) Hadoop
6 2 (5.71%) RDBMS
6 2 (5.71%) Redis
7 1 (2.86%) Amazon RDS
7 1 (2.86%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 12 (34.29%) Git (software)
2 10 (28.57%) Jenkins
3 4 (11.43%) Cucumber
3 4 (11.43%) gulp
3 4 (11.43%) QUnit
3 4 (11.43%) Selenium
3 4 (11.43%) SonarQube
3 4 (11.43%) webpack
4 2 (5.71%) Bitbucket
4 2 (5.71%) Jasmine
4 2 (5.71%) Karma Test Runner
4 2 (5.71%) Liquibase
4 2 (5.71%) Maven
4 2 (5.71%) Protractor
4 2 (5.71%) Sikuli
4 2 (5.71%) SoapUI
4 2 (5.71%) Sonatype Nexus
4 2 (5.71%) Vagrant
5 1 (2.86%) JIRA
5 1 (2.86%) JMeter
General
1 5 (14.29%) Marketing
2 4 (11.43%) Retail
Job Titles
1 12 (34.29%) Developer
2 9 (25.71%) DevOps Engineer
3 6 (17.14%) PHP Developer
4 5 (14.29%) Magento Developer
5 4 (11.43%) Administrator
5 4 (11.43%) PHP Magento Developer
5 4 (11.43%) Systems Administrator
5 4 (11.43%) Technical Design Authority
6 3 (8.57%) Lead DevOps
6 3 (8.57%) Technical Leader
7 2 (5.71%) Angular Developer
7 2 (5.71%) DevOps Systems Engineer
7 2 (5.71%) Full Stack Developer
7 2 (5.71%) Linux Administrator
7 2 (5.71%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 2 (5.71%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 2 (5.71%) Linux Systems Engineer
7 2 (5.71%) Linux/Unix DevOps
7 2 (5.71%) Node.js Developer
7 2 (5.71%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (68.57%) LAMP
2 12 (34.29%) CSS
3 10 (28.57%) HTML
4 9 (25.71%) LAPP Stack
5 8 (22.86%) Node.js
6 6 (17.14%) AngularJS
6 6 (17.14%) RabbitMQ
7 5 (14.29%) jQuery
7 5 (14.29%) React
8 4 (11.43%) React Native
8 4 (11.43%) Sass
9 3 (8.57%) MEAN Stack
10 2 (5.71%) D3.js
10 2 (5.71%) Gherkin
10 2 (5.71%) Highcharts JS
10 2 (5.71%) HTML5
10 2 (5.71%) Kafka
10 2 (5.71%) Laravel
10 2 (5.71%) LESS
10 2 (5.71%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 4 (11.43%) Clustering
2 2 (5.71%) Bitcoin
2 2 (5.71%) e-Learning
2 2 (5.71%) Linux Command Line
2 2 (5.71%) Public Cloud
2 2 (5.71%) User Experience
3 1 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
3 1 (2.86%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 28 (80.00%) Linux
2 8 (22.86%) Windows
3 7 (20.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (14.29%) CentOS
5 4 (11.43%) Unix
6 3 (8.57%) Ubuntu
7 1 (2.86%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (62.86%) DevOps
2 10 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
3 9 (25.71%) Continuous Integration
4 8 (22.86%) Configuration Management
4 8 (22.86%) Microservices
5 7 (20.00%) E-Commerce
5 7 (20.00%) Scrum
5 7 (20.00%) Web Development
6 6 (17.14%) Project Roadmap
6 6 (17.14%) TDD
7 5 (14.29%) Load Balancing
8 4 (11.43%) Business Development
8 4 (11.43%) Computer Science
8 4 (11.43%) CRM
8 4 (11.43%) Information Security
8 4 (11.43%) Mentoring
8 4 (11.43%) Open Source
8 4 (11.43%) Performance Tuning
8 4 (11.43%) Software Delivery
8 4 (11.43%) Static Code Analysis
Programming Languages
1 23 (65.71%) Python
2 18 (51.43%) Bash Shell
3 16 (45.71%) PHP
4 12 (34.29%) JavaScript
5 11 (31.43%) Ruby
6 8 (22.86%) PowerShell
7 7 (20.00%) Perl
7 7 (20.00%) Shell Script
8 6 (17.14%) Java
9 5 (14.29%) SQL
10 3 (8.57%) Groovy
11 2 (5.71%) Apple Swift
11 2 (5.71%) C
11 2 (5.71%) C#
11 2 (5.71%) C++
11 2 (5.71%) ES6
11 2 (5.71%) Java 8
11 2 (5.71%) Objective-C
11 2 (5.71%) R
11 2 (5.71%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 4 (11.43%) Degree
2 3 (8.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (5.71%) BC Cleared
3 2 (5.71%) BPSS Clearance
3 2 (5.71%) SC Cleared
3 2 (5.71%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (20.00%) GDPR
System Software
1 20 (57.14%) Docker
2 7 (20.00%) Active Directory
2 7 (20.00%) KVM
2 7 (20.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (2.86%) Hyper-V
3 1 (2.86%) NFS
3 1 (2.86%) PowerDNS
3 1 (2.86%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (2.86%) VirtualBox
3 1 (2.86%) Xen
Systems Management
1 15 (42.86%) Kubernetes
2 14 (40.00%) Ansible
3 11 (31.43%) Opscode Chef
3 11 (31.43%) Puppet
4 6 (17.14%) HAProxy
4 6 (17.14%) Terraform
5 4 (11.43%) Rancher
6 3 (8.57%) logstash
7 2 (5.71%) Graphite
7 2 (5.71%) ZABBIX
8 1 (2.86%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 8 (22.86%) Microsoft
1 8 (22.86%) VMware
2 3 (8.57%) Oracle
3 2 (5.71%) Cypress Semiconductor
3 2 (5.71%) Lets Encrypt
3 2 (5.71%) Virgin Media
4 1 (2.86%) Adobe
4 1 (2.86%) AppDynamics
4 1 (2.86%) Nimble Storage
4 1 (2.86%) Red Hat
4 1 (2.86%) Splunk
4 1 (2.86%) Veeam
4 1 (2.86%) Zend