Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 830 791 747
Rank change year-on-year -39 -44 +89
Contract jobs citing LEMP Stack 57 92 150
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.055% 0.092% 0.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.16% 0.28% 0.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 38 71 98
UK median daily rate £400 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £329 £288 £332
90th Percentile £615 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £518 £463
% change year-on-year -22.71% +11.89% +10.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £32.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 - -

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,035 32,354 32,070
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.83% 32.29% 30.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,391 22,723 22,288
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £296
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 369 377
UK median hourly rate £41.57 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.93% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £15.94 £18.40 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.38 £52.50 £50.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £40.40 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.10% +12.23% -4.00%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Contractor daily rate trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 55 £400 -20.00% 55
UK excluding London -8 30 £400 -22.71% 37
London -43 27 £506 +1.25% 19
East of England +19 13 £463 +32.14% 2
Midlands -2 12 £400 -11.11% 1
East Midlands +19 9 £400 -11.11% 1
West Midlands -22 3 £400 -11.11%
North West -19 2 £419 -21.73% 4
North of England -20 2 £419 -21.73% 11
Scotland - 2 - - 1
South West -20 1 - - 8

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 56 (98.25%) nginx
2 55 (96.49%) MySQL
2 55 (96.49%) Linux
3 43 (75.44%) DevOps
4 41 (71.93%) Amazon AWS
5 38 (66.67%) Python
6 37 (64.91%) Bash Shell
7 36 (63.16%) Ansible
7 36 (63.16%) LAMP
8 34 (59.65%) Apache
9 33 (57.89%) Docker
10 31 (54.39%) PHP
11 30 (52.63%) Jenkins
11 30 (52.63%) Puppet
12 29 (50.88%) Git (software)
12 29 (50.88%) DNS
13 27 (47.37%) MongoDB
13 27 (47.37%) Firewall
14 25 (43.86%) Ruby
14 25 (43.86%) Red Hat
14 25 (43.86%) Vagrant
14 25 (43.86%) Kubernetes
14 25 (43.86%) Terraform
15 24 (42.11%) JavaScript
15 24 (42.11%) Perl
15 24 (42.11%) PostgreSQL
16 23 (40.35%) Agile Software Development
16 23 (40.35%) CentOS
17 21 (36.84%) Nagios
18 20 (35.09%) Opscode Chef

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (98.25%) nginx
2 34 (59.65%) Apache
3 13 (22.81%) OpenStack
4 4 (7.02%) CMS
4 4 (7.02%) Drupal
4 4 (7.02%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (7.02%) WordPress
5 2 (3.51%) MODX
6 1 (1.75%) Apache Pig
6 1 (1.75%) Apache Spark
6 1 (1.75%) Confluence
6 1 (1.75%) Jetty
6 1 (1.75%) lighttpd
6 1 (1.75%) Mule ESB
6 1 (1.75%) Tomcat
6 1 (1.75%) WildFly
Applications
1 1 (1.75%) InVision
1 1 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (8.77%) Magento
2 1 (1.75%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 41 (71.93%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (14.04%) Route 53
3 7 (12.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
4 6 (10.53%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (5.26%) Microsoft Azure
6 2 (3.51%) Adobe Analytics
6 2 (3.51%) Akamai
6 2 (3.51%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (3.51%) AWS CloudFormation
6 2 (3.51%) GitHub
6 2 (3.51%) Google Analytics
6 2 (3.51%) Google Tag Manager
6 2 (3.51%) Linode
6 2 (3.51%) Mailgun
6 2 (3.51%) npm
7 1 (1.75%) G Suite
7 1 (1.75%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (1.75%) SaaS
7 1 (1.75%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 29 (50.88%) DNS
2 27 (47.37%) Firewall
3 13 (22.81%) TCP/IP
4 10 (17.54%) SSL
5 9 (15.79%) Unicast
6 7 (12.28%) Internet
7 6 (10.53%) VPN
8 3 (5.26%) DHCP
8 3 (5.26%) SSH
9 2 (3.51%) HTTP
10 1 (1.75%) BIG-IP
10 1 (1.75%) FTP
10 1 (1.75%) ICMP
10 1 (1.75%) IPsec
10 1 (1.75%) Kerberos
10 1 (1.75%) PBX
10 1 (1.75%) Reverse Proxy
10 1 (1.75%) SMTP
10 1 (1.75%) SNMP
10 1 (1.75%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (96.49%) MySQL
2 27 (47.37%) MongoDB
3 24 (42.11%) PostgreSQL
4 15 (26.32%) Hadoop
5 3 (5.26%) NoSQL
6 2 (3.51%) Big Data
6 2 (3.51%) MariaDB
6 2 (3.51%) Redis
7 1 (1.75%) Apache Hive
7 1 (1.75%) Flink
7 1 (1.75%) Neo4j
7 1 (1.75%) phpMyAdmin
7 1 (1.75%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 30 (52.63%) Jenkins
2 29 (50.88%) Git (software)
3 25 (43.86%) Vagrant
4 9 (15.79%) Artifactory
5 2 (3.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 2 (3.51%) CircleCI
5 2 (3.51%) Sonatype Nexus
5 2 (3.51%) Subversion
6 1 (1.75%) Gerrit
6 1 (1.75%) GitLab
6 1 (1.75%) JIRA
6 1 (1.75%) Maven
6 1 (1.75%) Mercurial
6 1 (1.75%) PHPUnit
6 1 (1.75%) Selenium
6 1 (1.75%) Sikuli
6 1 (1.75%) SonarQube
6 1 (1.75%) Spinnaker
6 1 (1.75%) TeamCity
6 1 (1.75%) TortoiseSVN
General
1 6 (10.53%) Telecoms
2 2 (3.51%) Finance
3 1 (1.75%) Avionics
3 1 (1.75%) Financial Institution
3 1 (1.75%) Law
3 1 (1.75%) Legal
3 1 (1.75%) Marketing
3 1 (1.75%) Retail
Job Titles
1 28 (49.12%) DevOps Engineer
2 12 (21.05%) Developer
3 9 (15.79%) Administrator
4 8 (14.04%) Systems Administrator
5 6 (10.53%) Linux Administrator
5 6 (10.53%) Senior Developer
6 5 (8.77%) Linux Systems Administrator
6 5 (8.77%) Magento Developer
6 5 (8.77%) PHP Developer
6 5 (8.77%) Senior DevOps
6 5 (8.77%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 5 (8.77%) Senior Magento Developer
7 4 (7.02%) AWS Administrator
7 4 (7.02%) Linux Engineer
8 3 (5.26%) AWS DevOps
8 3 (5.26%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 3 (5.26%) AWS Engineer
8 3 (5.26%) Cloud Administrator
8 3 (5.26%) Linux DevOps Engineer
8 3 (5.26%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (63.16%) LAMP
2 20 (35.09%) Elastic Stack
3 14 (24.56%) LAPP Stack
4 13 (22.81%) CSS
4 13 (22.81%) HTML
5 10 (17.54%) Memcached
6 9 (15.79%) PHP-FPM
7 8 (14.04%) RabbitMQ
8 6 (10.53%) ActiveMQ
8 6 (10.53%) XHTML
9 5 (8.77%) XSL
10 4 (7.02%) Node.js
10 4 (7.02%) Web Services
11 3 (5.26%) HTML5
11 3 (5.26%) JSON
11 3 (5.26%) Laravel
11 3 (5.26%) Sensu
12 2 (3.51%) REST
12 2 (3.51%) Sass
12 2 (3.51%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 12 (21.05%) PKI
2 10 (17.54%) Linux Command Line
3 3 (5.26%) Mobile App
4 2 (3.51%) Public Cloud
4 2 (3.51%) Replication
5 1 (1.75%) Computer Science
5 1 (1.75%) Data Centre
5 1 (1.75%) Fintech
5 1 (1.75%) Greenfield Project
5 1 (1.75%) Handset
5 1 (1.75%) Life Science
5 1 (1.75%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 55 (96.49%) Linux
2 23 (40.35%) CentOS
3 10 (17.54%) Unix
4 3 (5.26%) Ubuntu
4 3 (5.26%) Windows
5 2 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (1.75%) Android
6 1 (1.75%) Apple iOS
6 1 (1.75%) Solaris
6 1 (1.75%) SUSE
6 1 (1.75%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
6 1 (1.75%) Windows Server
6 1 (1.75%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (75.44%) DevOps
2 23 (40.35%) Agile Software Development
3 15 (26.32%) Configuration Management
3 15 (26.32%) Continuous Integration
4 13 (22.81%) Load Balancing
5 10 (17.54%) Open Source
6 9 (15.79%) OO
7 8 (14.04%) Auto-Scaling
7 8 (14.04%) Microservices
7 8 (14.04%) Protective Monitoring
8 7 (12.28%) MVC
8 7 (12.28%) OO PHP
8 7 (12.28%) OOP
9 6 (10.53%) E-Commerce
10 5 (8.77%) Task Automation
11 4 (7.02%) Scrum
11 4 (7.02%) Web Development
12 3 (5.26%) Kanban
12 3 (5.26%) Migration
12 3 (5.26%) Performance Monitoring
Programming Languages
1 38 (66.67%) Python
2 37 (64.91%) Bash Shell
3 31 (54.39%) PHP
4 25 (43.86%) Ruby
5 24 (42.11%) JavaScript
5 24 (42.11%) Perl
6 5 (8.77%) SQL
7 4 (7.02%) Go
8 3 (5.26%) C++
8 3 (5.26%) Java
8 3 (5.26%) Shell Script
9 2 (3.51%) C
9 2 (3.51%) C#
9 2 (3.51%) PHP 7
10 1 (1.75%) Apple Swift
10 1 (1.75%) Java 8
10 1 (1.75%) Objective-C
10 1 (1.75%) PHP 5
10 1 (1.75%) R
10 1 (1.75%) Scala
Qualifications
1 2 (3.51%) Degree
2 1 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
2 1 (1.75%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (3.51%) QA
2 1 (1.75%) GDPR
System Software
1 33 (57.89%) Docker
2 10 (17.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (10.53%) etcd
3 6 (10.53%) flannel
4 2 (3.51%) NFS
4 2 (3.51%) Postfix
4 2 (3.51%) vCloud
5 1 (1.75%) Active Directory
5 1 (1.75%) OpenDJ
5 1 (1.75%) OpenIDM
5 1 (1.75%) Squid
5 1 (1.75%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (1.75%) VirtualBox
5 1 (1.75%) Xen
Systems Management
1 36 (63.16%) Ansible
2 30 (52.63%) Puppet
3 25 (43.86%) Kubernetes
3 25 (43.86%) Terraform
4 21 (36.84%) Nagios
5 20 (35.09%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (31.58%) HAProxy
7 15 (26.32%) Salt
8 13 (22.81%) ZABBIX
9 9 (15.79%) Icinga
10 6 (10.53%) rkt
11 5 (8.77%) logstash
12 3 (5.26%) Grafana
13 2 (3.51%) Fail2ban
13 2 (3.51%) Kibana
13 2 (3.51%) Packer
14 1 (1.75%) Ambari
14 1 (1.75%) CFEngine
14 1 (1.75%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (1.75%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 25 (43.86%) Red Hat
2 16 (28.07%) VMware
3 12 (21.05%) CheckPoint
3 12 (21.05%) NetApp
4 7 (12.28%) Zend
5 5 (8.77%) Google
6 4 (7.02%) SaltStack
7 2 (3.51%) Adobe
7 2 (3.51%) Lets Encrypt
8 1 (1.75%) Apple
8 1 (1.75%) BT
8 1 (1.75%) Dell
8 1 (1.75%) EMC
8 1 (1.75%) Microsoft
8 1 (1.75%) Nokia
8 1 (1.75%) Openreach
8 1 (1.75%) Oracle
8 1 (1.75%) SonicWALL
8 1 (1.75%) Synology
8 1 (1.75%) Ubiquiti