Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 945 816 890
Rank change year-on-year -129 +74 +55
Permanent jobs citing LEMP Stack 211 383 370
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.13% 0.22% 0.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.31% 0.54% 0.49%
Number of salaries quoted 167 337 358
UK median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £70,200 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,000 £37,500 £44,500
% change year-on-year +9.33% -15.73% +4.71%

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67,101 71,239 75,828
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.30% 40.32% 39.09%
Number of salaries quoted 55,588 58,948 65,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Salary trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Salary histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -113 199 £45,000 -10.00% 56
UK excluding London -50 108 £41,000 +9.33% 42
London -58 97 £55,000 - 15
North of England +3 29 £40,000 - 15
South East -3 29 £41,000 -3.53% 10
South West +25 24 £47,500 +35.71% 7
North West -1 15 £40,000 -20.00% 4
East of England +18 13 £42,500 +19.34% 5
Yorkshire +24 11 £37,500 +31.58% 10
Wales - 4 £41,000 -
West Midlands -13 3 £45,000 +28.57% 3
North East -13 3 £40,000 +14.29% 1
Midlands -16 3 £45,000 +28.57% 4
Northern Ireland +4 2 £52,500 +31.25%

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 201 (95.26%) Linux
2 188 (89.10%) nginx
3 187 (88.63%) MySQL
4 135 (63.98%) LAMP
5 130 (61.61%) PHP
6 113 (53.55%) Python
7 108 (51.18%) Git (software)
8 104 (49.29%) Apache
9 92 (43.60%) JavaScript
10 91 (43.13%) Amazon AWS
11 86 (40.76%) HTML
12 82 (38.86%) DevOps
13 80 (37.91%) CSS
14 69 (32.70%) Agile Software Development
15 64 (30.33%) Bash Shell
16 61 (28.91%) Redis
17 58 (27.49%) Docker
18 57 (27.01%) Ansible
18 57 (27.01%) Puppet
19 52 (24.64%) PostgreSQL
20 50 (23.70%) SQL
21 48 (22.75%) Opscode Chef
22 45 (21.33%) jQuery
23 43 (20.38%) Web Development
23 43 (20.38%) Java
23 43 (20.38%) CentOS
24 41 (19.43%) Laravel
24 41 (19.43%) Elasticsearch
25 39 (18.48%) HTML5
26 38 (18.01%) WordPress

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 188 (89.10%) nginx
2 104 (49.29%) Apache
3 41 (19.43%) Elasticsearch
4 38 (18.01%) WordPress
5 24 (11.37%) CMS
6 23 (10.90%) Tomcat
7 14 (6.64%) OpenStack
8 12 (5.69%) IIS
9 9 (4.27%) Joomla!
10 8 (3.79%) lighttpd
11 7 (3.32%) CloudStack
12 6 (2.84%) Drupal
12 6 (2.84%) WebSphere
13 5 (2.37%) concrete5
13 5 (2.37%) ExpressionEngine
13 5 (2.37%) uWSGI
14 4 (1.90%) JBoss
15 2 (0.95%) EPiServer
15 2 (0.95%) PrestaShop
15 2 (0.95%) Umbraco
Applications
1 7 (3.32%) HipChat
2 4 (1.90%) Photoshop
3 3 (1.42%) GIMP
3 3 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (1.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 25 (11.85%) Magento
2 3 (1.42%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.47%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 91 (43.13%) Amazon AWS
2 30 (14.22%) Amazon EC2
3 26 (12.32%) Google Cloud Platform
3 26 (12.32%) Microsoft Azure
4 21 (9.95%) AWS CloudFormation
5 11 (5.21%) Amazon S3
5 11 (5.21%) npm
6 10 (4.74%) SaaS
7 9 (4.27%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 9 (4.27%) Cloud Computing
8 8 (3.79%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (3.79%) GitHub
8 8 (3.79%) Serverless
9 7 (3.32%) Dropbox
10 5 (2.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 5 (2.37%) IaaS
10 5 (2.37%) Office 365
10 5 (2.37%) Sage Pay
10 5 (2.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 4 (1.90%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 22 (10.43%) DNS
2 18 (8.53%) SSH
3 14 (6.64%) Firewall
4 12 (5.69%) SSL
4 12 (5.69%) TCP/IP
5 11 (5.21%) HTTP
6 6 (2.84%) BIG-IP
6 6 (2.84%) VLAN
7 4 (1.90%) DHCP
7 4 (1.90%) LAN
7 4 (1.90%) VPN
8 3 (1.42%) BGP
8 3 (1.42%) Network Security
8 3 (1.42%) WAN
9 2 (0.95%) FTP
9 2 (0.95%) IPsec
9 2 (0.95%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.95%) SMTP
9 2 (0.95%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.47%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 187 (88.63%) MySQL
2 61 (28.91%) Redis
3 52 (24.64%) PostgreSQL
4 30 (14.22%) MongoDB
5 26 (12.32%) MariaDB
6 23 (10.90%) Relational Database
7 22 (10.43%) NoSQL
8 21 (9.95%) SQL Server
9 20 (9.48%) Amazon RDS
10 5 (2.37%) Blockchain
10 5 (2.37%) CouchDB
11 4 (1.90%) Amazon Aurora
11 4 (1.90%) Hadoop
12 3 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (1.42%) Couchbase
12 3 (1.42%) InfluxDB
13 2 (0.95%) Aerospike
13 2 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 2 (0.95%) Neo4j
13 2 (0.95%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 108 (51.18%) Git (software)
2 37 (17.54%) Jenkins
3 14 (6.64%) Subversion
4 13 (6.16%) TeamCity
5 12 (5.69%) JIRA
5 12 (5.69%) PHPUnit
6 11 (5.21%) Bitbucket
7 10 (4.74%) Vagrant
8 9 (4.27%) gulp
9 8 (3.79%) git-flow
9 8 (3.79%) Travis CI
10 7 (3.32%) GitLab
11 6 (2.84%) CircleCI
11 6 (2.84%) Octopus Deploy
12 5 (2.37%) Appcelerator Titanium
12 5 (2.37%) Bower
12 5 (2.37%) Grunt
12 5 (2.37%) webpack
13 4 (1.90%) Jasmine
13 4 (1.90%) RSpec
General
1 22 (10.43%) Marketing
2 11 (5.21%) Advertising
2 11 (5.21%) Games
3 10 (4.74%) Finance
4 9 (4.27%) Publishing
5 7 (3.32%) Multimedia
6 6 (2.84%) Retail
7 2 (0.95%) Spanish Language
8 1 (0.47%) Automotive
8 1 (0.47%) Billing
8 1 (0.47%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.47%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 95 (45.02%) Developer
2 41 (19.43%) PHP Developer
3 32 (15.17%) DevOps Engineer
4 20 (9.48%) Web Developer
5 19 (9.00%) Full Stack Developer
5 19 (9.00%) Linux Engineer
6 17 (8.06%) Cloud Engineer
7 16 (7.58%) Senior Developer
8 15 (7.11%) AWS Engineer
8 15 (7.11%) Python Developer
9 14 (6.64%) Systems Engineer
10 12 (5.69%) Backend Developer
11 11 (5.21%) JavaScript Developer
11 11 (5.21%) PHP Web Developer
11 11 (5.21%) Senior PHP Developer
12 10 (4.74%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 10 (4.74%) Linux Systems Administrator
12 10 (4.74%) Systems Administrator
13 9 (4.27%) Administrator
13 9 (4.27%) Field Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (63.98%) LAMP
2 86 (40.76%) HTML
3 80 (37.91%) CSS
4 45 (21.33%) jQuery
5 41 (19.43%) Laravel
6 39 (18.48%) HTML5
7 36 (17.06%) Web Services
8 32 (15.17%) Symfony
9 30 (14.22%) AngularJS
10 29 (13.74%) Node.js
11 25 (11.85%) RabbitMQ
12 24 (11.37%) CSS3
13 23 (10.90%) XML
14 20 (9.48%) React
14 20 (9.48%) Sass
15 19 (9.00%) Vue.js
16 18 (8.53%) Django
17 17 (8.06%) LAPP Stack
17 17 (8.06%) RESTful
18 16 (7.58%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 32 (15.17%) Computer Science
2 22 (10.43%) Linux Command Line
3 20 (9.48%) Self-Motivation
4 19 (9.00%) User Experience
5 15 (7.11%) Public Cloud
6 10 (4.74%) Clustering
6 10 (4.74%) Enterprise Software
6 10 (4.74%) Private Cloud
6 10 (4.74%) Video\Live Streaming
7 9 (4.27%) Replication
8 8 (3.79%) Digital Media
9 7 (3.32%) Digital Signage
9 7 (3.32%) IPTV
9 7 (3.32%) Mobile App
10 6 (2.84%) Social Network
11 5 (2.37%) Algorithms
11 5 (2.37%) Data Centre
11 5 (2.37%) Hybrid Cloud
12 4 (1.90%) Management Information System
13 3 (1.42%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 201 (95.26%) Linux
2 43 (20.38%) CentOS
3 33 (15.64%) Ubuntu
4 32 (15.17%) Windows
5 14 (6.64%) Debian
6 12 (5.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (4.74%) Amazon Linux
8 9 (4.27%) Solaris
9 8 (3.79%) Unix
10 7 (3.32%) Mac OS
11 6 (2.84%) CoreOS
12 5 (2.37%) Android
12 5 (2.37%) Apple iOS
12 5 (2.37%) FreeBSD
12 5 (2.37%) OpenBSD
12 5 (2.37%) Windows Server
13 4 (1.90%) Mac OS X
13 4 (1.90%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.95%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.95%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 82 (38.86%) DevOps
2 69 (32.70%) Agile Software Development
3 43 (20.38%) Web Development
4 35 (16.59%) TDD
5 34 (16.11%) Problem-Solving
6 33 (15.64%) Configuration Management
7 30 (14.22%) Scrum
8 29 (13.74%) E-Commerce
9 27 (12.80%) Kanban
10 26 (12.32%) OO
11 24 (11.37%) Continuous Integration
12 20 (9.48%) Workflow
13 19 (9.00%) Load Balancing
14 17 (8.06%) Software Engineering
15 16 (7.58%) OO PHP
15 16 (7.58%) OOP
16 15 (7.11%) Collaborative Working
17 14 (6.64%) Continuous Delivery
17 14 (6.64%) Microservices
18 13 (6.16%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 130 (61.61%) PHP
2 113 (53.55%) Python
3 92 (43.60%) JavaScript
4 64 (30.33%) Bash Shell
5 50 (23.70%) SQL
6 43 (20.38%) Java
7 37 (17.54%) Ruby
8 28 (13.27%) Go
9 19 (9.00%) Perl
10 12 (5.69%) TypeScript
11 10 (4.74%) PowerShell
12 9 (4.27%) Shell Script
13 7 (3.32%) Erlang
13 7 (3.32%) ES6
13 7 (3.32%) Haskell
13 7 (3.32%) PHP 7
14 5 (2.37%) C++
15 4 (1.90%) Apple Swift
15 4 (1.90%) T-SQL
16 3 (1.42%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 35 (16.59%) Degree
2 18 (8.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (5.69%) AWS Certification
4 9 (4.27%) CCNA
4 9 (4.27%) Cisco Certification
5 4 (1.90%) DBS Check
6 3 (1.42%) Master's Degree
6 3 (1.42%) MBA
6 3 (1.42%) RHCE
6 3 (1.42%) VCP6
6 3 (1.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 1 (0.47%) MCSE
7 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.47%) RHCA
7 1 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (4.74%) GDPR
1 10 (4.74%) QA
2 5 (2.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (1.90%) PCI DSS
4 3 (1.42%) DICOM
4 3 (1.42%) HIPAA
4 3 (1.42%) HL7
5 2 (0.95%) SLA
System Software
1 58 (27.49%) Docker
2 30 (14.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (7.58%) KVM
4 14 (6.64%) Varnish
5 13 (6.16%) iptables
6 12 (5.69%) LXC
7 9 (4.27%) Active Directory
8 7 (3.32%) VMware Workstation
9 6 (2.84%) Ceph
9 6 (2.84%) QEMU
9 6 (2.84%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (2.84%) Xen
10 5 (2.37%) VirtualBox
11 4 (1.90%) Corosync
11 4 (1.90%) DRBD
12 3 (1.42%) NFS
13 2 (0.95%) Dovecot
13 2 (0.95%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.95%) Postfix
13 2 (0.95%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 57 (27.01%) Ansible
1 57 (27.01%) Puppet
2 48 (22.75%) Opscode Chef
3 31 (14.69%) Kubernetes
4 28 (13.27%) HAProxy
5 23 (10.90%) Terraform
6 18 (8.53%) Nagios
7 15 (7.11%) Salt
8 9 (4.27%) Grafana
8 9 (4.27%) Prometheus
9 8 (3.79%) Cacti
10 7 (3.32%) Rancher
11 6 (2.84%) Icinga
12 5 (2.37%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (2.37%) logstash
12 5 (2.37%) Munin
13 4 (1.90%) Kibana
13 4 (1.90%) Pacemaker
14 3 (1.42%) cPanel
14 3 (1.42%) Graylog
Vendors
1 37 (17.54%) VMware
2 22 (10.43%) Google
3 21 (9.95%) Oracle
4 20 (9.48%) Red Hat
5 17 (8.06%) Microsoft
6 16 (7.58%) Cisco
7 14 (6.64%) Zend
8 13 (6.16%) New Relic
9 10 (4.74%) SaltStack
10 9 (4.27%) SolarWinds
11 8 (3.79%) Perforce
12 7 (3.32%) Adobe
12 7 (3.32%) F5
13 5 (2.37%) Atlassian
13 5 (2.37%) IBM
13 5 (2.37%) PayPal
13 5 (2.37%) Percona
14 4 (1.90%) hybris
14 4 (1.90%) Sitecore
15 3 (1.42%) Lets Encrypt