Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 927 961 846
Rank change year-on-year +34 -115 +60
Permanent jobs citing LEMP Stack 152 209 379
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.13% 0.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.30% 0.32% 0.54%
Number of salaries quoted 137 170 340
UK median annual salary £42,500 £47,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.53% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £28,100 £28,625 £28,625
90th Percentile £67,500 £77,875 £70,050
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% -5.88%

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,267 65,864 70,679
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.52% 39.97% 40.23%
Number of salaries quoted 42,150 54,451 58,504
UK median annual salary £55,000 £51,250 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Salary trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Salary histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 149 £45,000 -7.69% 31
UK excluding London +72 97 £40,000 -2.44% 26
London +48 53 £55,000 +4.76% 8
North of England +23 28 £32,000 -20.00% 8
South West +27 26 £43,750 -10.26% 7
North West +60 24 £28,500 -28.75% 3
East of England +81 20 £55,000 +46.67% 2
South East +17 17 £37,500 -10.71% 1
Midlands +37 5 £41,250 +37.50% 5
North East +21 4 £43,500 -3.33% 3
West Midlands +11 4 £42,500 +41.67% 5
East Midlands +30 1 £40,000 -
Scotland - 1 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 139 (91.45%) MySQL
2 131 (86.18%) Linux
3 115 (75.66%) nginx
4 111 (73.03%) LAMP
5 99 (65.13%) PHP
6 81 (53.29%) Apache
7 68 (44.74%) Python
8 62 (40.79%) AWS
9 53 (34.87%) Laravel
10 52 (34.21%) Docker
11 49 (32.24%) Git (software)
11 49 (32.24%) PostgreSQL
12 46 (30.26%) DevOps
13 42 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
13 42 (27.63%) HTML
14 40 (26.32%) CSS
14 40 (26.32%) Bash Shell
14 40 (26.32%) Kubernetes
15 38 (25.00%) Opscode Chef
16 37 (24.34%) Ansible
16 37 (24.34%) JavaScript
17 36 (23.68%) Terraform
18 35 (23.03%) Elasticsearch
19 34 (22.37%) Puppet
20 33 (21.71%) GCP
20 33 (21.71%) Mentoring
21 31 (20.39%) Configuration Management
22 30 (19.74%) TDD
22 30 (19.74%) MongoDB
23 29 (19.08%) Ubuntu

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (75.66%) nginx
2 81 (53.29%) Apache
3 35 (23.03%) Elasticsearch
4 27 (17.76%) WordPress
5 25 (16.45%) Tomcat
6 13 (8.55%) Cloud Foundry
6 13 (8.55%) CloudStack
6 13 (8.55%) OpenStack
7 10 (6.58%) CMS
8 9 (5.92%) IIS
9 6 (3.95%) Drupal
10 4 (2.63%) Apache Solr
10 4 (2.63%) Jupyter
11 3 (1.97%) ColdFusion
11 3 (1.97%) Tornado
12 2 (1.32%) Apache Spark
12 2 (1.32%) WebSphere
13 1 (0.66%) JBoss
13 1 (0.66%) WebLogic
Applications
1 9 (5.92%) Adobe Illustrator
1 9 (5.92%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (5.26%) Shopify
2 4 (2.63%) Magento
3 3 (1.97%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 62 (40.79%) AWS
2 33 (21.71%) GCP
3 28 (18.42%) GitHub
4 27 (17.76%) Azure
5 19 (12.50%) SaaS
6 18 (11.84%) AWS CloudFormation
7 12 (7.89%) Amazon EC2
7 12 (7.89%) IaaS
7 12 (7.89%) PaaS
8 9 (5.92%) Amazon SQS
8 9 (5.92%) AWS Lambda
8 9 (5.92%) DigitalOcean
8 9 (5.92%) Heroku
9 8 (5.26%) Amazon ECS
9 8 (5.26%) Asana
10 7 (4.61%) Amazon S3
10 7 (4.61%) Route 53
11 5 (3.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 5 (3.29%) Serverless
12 4 (2.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (13.82%) TCP/IP
2 18 (11.84%) DNS
3 17 (11.18%) Internet
4 11 (7.24%) Firewall
5 9 (5.92%) VPN
6 7 (4.61%) SSL
7 6 (3.95%) VLAN
8 5 (3.29%) Asterisk PBX
8 5 (3.29%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (2.63%) Cisco IOS
9 4 (2.63%) FTP
9 4 (2.63%) HTTP
9 4 (2.63%) SMTP
10 3 (1.97%) DHCP
10 3 (1.97%) HTTPS
10 3 (1.97%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (1.32%) DSL
11 2 (1.32%) OpenVPN
11 2 (1.32%) SSH
11 2 (1.32%) Telnet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (91.45%) MySQL
2 49 (32.24%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (19.74%) MongoDB
4 20 (13.16%) SQL Server
5 19 (12.50%) MariaDB
5 19 (12.50%) Redis
6 13 (8.55%) Amazon RDS
6 13 (8.55%) Apache Cassandra
7 11 (7.24%) NoSQL
8 10 (6.58%) Amazon Aurora
9 8 (5.26%) Hadoop
10 7 (4.61%) Relational Database
11 6 (3.95%) BigQuery
12 5 (3.29%) Neo4j
13 4 (2.63%) Big Data
13 4 (2.63%) InfluxDB
14 3 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
15 2 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 2 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
15 2 (1.32%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 49 (32.24%) Git (software)
2 21 (13.82%) Jenkins
3 19 (12.50%) GitLab
4 14 (9.21%) JIRA
5 13 (8.55%) Vagrant
6 11 (7.24%) Bitbucket
7 7 (4.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (2.63%) Redmine
8 4 (2.63%) Travis CI
9 3 (1.97%) gulp
9 3 (1.97%) Jasmine
9 3 (1.97%) Mocha
10 2 (1.32%) Chocolatey
10 2 (1.32%) Grunt
10 2 (1.32%) PHPUnit
11 1 (0.66%) git-flow
11 1 (0.66%) IBM UrbanCode
11 1 (0.66%) SonarQube
11 1 (0.66%) Sonatype Nexus
11 1 (0.66%) webpack
General
1 19 (12.50%) Finance
2 15 (9.87%) Marketing
3 8 (5.26%) Retail
4 5 (3.29%) Advertising
5 4 (2.63%) Games
6 2 (1.32%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.66%) Multimedia
7 1 (0.66%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 89 (58.55%) Developer
2 54 (35.53%) PHP Developer
3 29 (19.08%) DevOps Engineer
4 22 (14.47%) Linux Engineer
5 17 (11.18%) Senior Developer
5 17 (11.18%) Web Developer
6 13 (8.55%) Linux Systems Engineer
6 13 (8.55%) Systems Engineer
7 12 (7.89%) Python Developer
8 10 (6.58%) Cloud Engineer
8 10 (6.58%) Systems Administrator
9 9 (5.92%) Lead Developer
9 9 (5.92%) Lead PHP Developer
9 9 (5.92%) PHP Web Developer
9 9 (5.92%) Senior PHP Developer
9 9 (5.92%) Senior PHP Web Developer
9 9 (5.92%) Senior Web Developer
10 8 (5.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 8 (5.26%) Mid-Level PHP Developer
11 6 (3.95%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 111 (73.03%) LAMP
2 53 (34.87%) Laravel
3 42 (27.63%) HTML
4 40 (26.32%) CSS
5 29 (19.08%) LAPP Stack
6 21 (13.82%) .NET
7 18 (11.84%) React
7 18 (11.84%) Symfony
8 17 (11.18%) HTML5
8 17 (11.18%) Web Services
9 16 (10.53%) Vue.js
10 15 (9.87%) Node.js
11 14 (9.21%) jQuery
12 13 (8.55%) AngularJS
13 11 (7.24%) Django
13 11 (7.24%) RESTful
14 10 (6.58%) Sass
15 9 (5.92%) Kafka
16 8 (5.26%) Middleware
16 8 (5.26%) Tailwind CSS
Miscellaneous
1 11 (7.24%) Hybrid Cloud
2 9 (5.92%) Management Information System
2 9 (5.92%) Renewable Energy
3 8 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
4 7 (4.61%) User Experience
5 5 (3.29%) Mobile App
6 4 (2.63%) Derivative
6 4 (2.63%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 4 (2.63%) Fixed Income
6 4 (2.63%) Hedge funds
6 4 (2.63%) Private Cloud
7 3 (1.97%) Clustering
7 3 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (1.97%) Replication
8 2 (1.32%) Algorithms
8 2 (1.32%) Data Centre
8 2 (1.32%) Public Cloud
8 2 (1.32%) Video\Live Streaming
9 1 (0.66%) Blog
9 1 (0.66%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 131 (86.18%) Linux
2 29 (19.08%) CentOS
2 29 (19.08%) Ubuntu
2 29 (19.08%) Windows
3 14 (9.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 14 (9.21%) Unix
4 8 (5.26%) Mac OS
5 6 (3.95%) Debian
6 5 (3.29%) Windows 10
7 4 (2.63%) Windows 7
7 4 (2.63%) Windows Server
7 4 (2.63%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.97%) VyOS
9 2 (1.32%) AIX
10 1 (0.66%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 46 (30.26%) DevOps
2 42 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
3 33 (21.71%) Mentoring
4 31 (20.39%) Configuration Management
5 30 (19.74%) TDD
6 28 (18.42%) OOP
7 27 (17.76%) Web Development
8 23 (15.13%) Open Source
9 22 (14.47%) MVC
9 22 (14.47%) OO
10 21 (13.82%) Test Automation
11 20 (13.16%) Unit Testing
12 19 (12.50%) Migration
13 16 (10.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 15 (9.87%) Microservices
15 14 (9.21%) Continuous Integration
15 14 (9.21%) High Availability
15 14 (9.21%) Infrastructure as Code
16 13 (8.55%) Scrum
17 12 (7.89%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 99 (65.13%) PHP
2 68 (44.74%) Python
3 40 (26.32%) Bash Shell
4 37 (24.34%) JavaScript
5 26 (17.11%) SQL
6 21 (13.82%) C#
6 21 (13.82%) Go
7 20 (13.16%) Ruby
8 18 (11.84%) Perl
9 15 (9.87%) PowerShell
10 11 (7.24%) Java
11 8 (5.26%) C
12 5 (3.29%) C++
12 5 (3.29%) Shell Script
13 4 (2.63%) F#
13 4 (2.63%) Haskell
13 4 (2.63%) MATLAB
13 4 (2.63%) OCaml
13 4 (2.63%) R
13 4 (2.63%) VBA
Qualifications
1 16 (10.53%) Degree
2 10 (6.58%) Security Cleared
3 6 (3.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (1.97%) PhD
5 1 (0.66%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.66%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.97%) GDPR
2 1 (0.66%) QA
System Software
1 52 (34.21%) Docker
2 10 (6.58%) KVM
3 9 (5.92%) Varnish
4 7 (4.61%) Postfix
5 4 (2.63%) Ceph
5 4 (2.63%) Dovecot
5 4 (2.63%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (1.97%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.66%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 40 (26.32%) Kubernetes
2 38 (25.00%) Opscode Chef
3 37 (24.34%) Ansible
4 36 (23.68%) Terraform
5 34 (22.37%) Puppet
6 19 (12.50%) Prometheus
7 17 (11.18%) HAProxy
8 13 (8.55%) Packer
9 6 (3.95%) Grafana
10 5 (3.29%) logstash
11 4 (2.63%) Galera Cluster
11 4 (2.63%) Graphite
11 4 (2.63%) Graylog
11 4 (2.63%) Icinga
11 4 (2.63%) ZABBIX
12 2 (1.32%) Consul
12 2 (1.32%) yum
13 1 (0.66%) Argo
13 1 (0.66%) Istio
13 1 (0.66%) Kibana
Vendors
1 16 (10.53%) Red Hat
2 10 (6.58%) Google
3 9 (5.92%) Rackspace
4 8 (5.26%) Marketo
4 8 (5.26%) Pardot
4 8 (5.26%) Salesforce.com
5 7 (4.61%) Cisco
6 6 (3.95%) SaltStack
6 6 (3.95%) VMware
7 5 (3.29%) Oracle
8 4 (2.63%) Scality
8 4 (2.63%) Synology
9 3 (1.97%) Juniper
9 3 (1.97%) Sage
9 3 (1.97%) SAP
9 3 (1.97%) Splunk
9 3 (1.97%) Zend
10 2 (1.32%) IBM
10 2 (1.32%) Microsoft
11 1 (0.66%) Atlassian