Period
to 25 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 25 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
25 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 876 853 905
Rank change year-on-year -23 +52 +18
Permanent jobs citing LEMP Stack 227 331 284
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.19% 0.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.39% 0.46% 0.41%
Number of salaries quoted 197 292 228
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +18.75% -11.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £84,500 £70,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £36,000
% change year-on-year - +18.06% -10.00%

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 58,484 71,351 69,132
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.43% 40.73% 39.93%
Number of salaries quoted 47,987 60,447 59,327
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +3.66%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Salary trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 25 March 2019.

Salary histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 12 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 25 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 221 £47,500 -5.00% 13
UK excluding London +30 116 £42,500 - 9
London +9 105 £52,750 -6.64% 5
South West +63 54 £35,000 -12.50% 3
North of England +21 30 £46,250 -5.13% 2
Yorkshire +49 23 £50,000 +17.65%
South East +28 14 £52,500 +16.67% 2
Midlands +4 10 £47,500 +35.71% 1
East of England +76 9 £37,500 +31.58%
West Midlands +7 8 £47,500 +35.71% 1
North West -7 7 £32,500 -35.00% 1
East Midlands +13 2 £37,500 -11.76%

For the 6 months to 25 March 2019, IT jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 209 (92.07%) MySQL
2 204 (89.87%) nginx
3 203 (89.43%) Linux
4 178 (78.41%) LAMP
5 175 (77.09%) PHP
6 164 (72.25%) Apache
7 123 (54.19%) Python
8 122 (53.74%) Git (software)
9 119 (52.42%) Amazon AWS
10 112 (49.34%) JavaScript
11 102 (44.93%) HTML
11 102 (44.93%) CSS
12 90 (39.65%) DevOps
13 86 (37.89%) Agile Software Development
14 77 (33.92%) Ubuntu
15 76 (33.48%) Ansible
16 74 (32.60%) Docker
16 74 (32.60%) Jenkins
17 68 (29.96%) Bash Shell
18 67 (29.52%) Puppet
19 53 (23.35%) Google
20 52 (22.91%) SQL
20 52 (22.91%) Redis
21 51 (22.47%) Opscode Chef
22 48 (21.15%) Google Cloud Platform
22 48 (21.15%) Front End Development
22 48 (21.15%) Web Services
22 48 (21.15%) jQuery
23 46 (20.26%) PostgreSQL
24 44 (19.38%) VMware

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (89.87%) nginx
2 164 (72.25%) Apache
3 33 (14.54%) Elasticsearch
4 27 (11.89%) CMS
5 26 (11.45%) Apache Solr
6 19 (8.37%) Tomcat
7 18 (7.93%) Drupal
8 15 (6.61%) WordPress
9 10 (4.41%) OpenStack
10 7 (3.08%) WebSphere
11 6 (2.64%) BizTalk Server
11 6 (2.64%) ColdFusion
11 6 (2.64%) Mule
12 5 (2.20%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (2.20%) Confluence
13 4 (1.76%) IIS
14 3 (1.32%) CloudStack
14 3 (1.32%) SharePoint
15 2 (0.88%) concrete5
16 1 (0.44%) Mongrel
Applications
1 3 (1.32%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.44%) Adobe Premiere
2 1 (0.44%) InVision
Business Applications
1 32 (14.10%) Magento
2 10 (4.41%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.44%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 119 (52.42%) Amazon AWS
2 48 (21.15%) Google Cloud Platform
3 27 (11.89%) Google Compute Engine
4 22 (9.69%) Amazon EC2
4 22 (9.69%) Microsoft Azure
5 17 (7.49%) GitHub
6 16 (7.05%) AWS Lambda
7 15 (6.61%) Amazon SQS
8 14 (6.17%) Route 53
9 13 (5.73%) Slack
10 12 (5.29%) Cloud Computing
11 11 (4.85%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 11 (4.85%) AWS CloudFormation
12 9 (3.96%) Amazon S3
12 9 (3.96%) Serverless
13 8 (3.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (3.52%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 7 (3.08%) G Suite
15 5 (2.20%) Google Analytics
15 5 (2.20%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 31 (13.66%) DNS
2 25 (11.01%) TCP/IP
3 18 (7.93%) Firewall
4 16 (7.05%) Network Security
5 15 (6.61%) LAN
5 15 (6.61%) WAN
6 14 (6.17%) SSL
7 9 (3.96%) VLAN
8 8 (3.52%) FTP
8 8 (3.52%) Internet
8 8 (3.52%) Intranet
8 8 (3.52%) NetScaler
8 8 (3.52%) SMTP
9 6 (2.64%) BIG-IP
9 6 (2.64%) OpenVPN
10 5 (2.20%) SSH
11 4 (1.76%) VPN
12 3 (1.32%) AMQP
12 3 (1.32%) HTTP
13 2 (0.88%) IMAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (92.07%) MySQL
2 52 (22.91%) Redis
3 46 (20.26%) PostgreSQL
4 34 (14.98%) MariaDB
5 24 (10.57%) Amazon RDS
6 18 (7.93%) Amazon Aurora
6 18 (7.93%) NoSQL
7 15 (6.61%) MongoDB
8 10 (4.41%) Relational Database
9 7 (3.08%) SQL Server
10 5 (2.20%) CouchDB
11 4 (1.76%) RDBMS
12 3 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (1.32%) Hadoop
12 3 (1.32%) Riak
13 2 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 2 (0.88%) Big Data
13 2 (0.88%) Couchbase
13 2 (0.88%) InterSystems Cache
Development Applications
1 122 (53.74%) Git (software)
2 74 (32.60%) Jenkins
3 22 (9.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 15 (6.61%) JIRA
5 14 (6.17%) Vagrant
6 12 (5.29%) Travis CI
7 8 (3.52%) gulp
7 8 (3.52%) Subversion
7 8 (3.52%) webpack
8 6 (2.64%) GitLab
9 5 (2.20%) Apache Ivy
9 5 (2.20%) Bitbucket
9 5 (2.20%) QUnit
10 4 (1.76%) Gradle
10 4 (1.76%) Maven
11 2 (0.88%) Bower
11 2 (0.88%) JMeter
11 2 (0.88%) Mercurial
11 2 (0.88%) Selenium
11 2 (0.88%) Xdebug
General
1 34 (14.98%) Marketing
2 14 (6.17%) Retail
3 7 (3.08%) Finance
4 5 (2.20%) Billing
4 5 (2.20%) Publishing
4 5 (2.20%) Telecoms
5 4 (1.76%) Automotive
6 1 (0.44%) Advertising
6 1 (0.44%) Games
Job Titles
1 120 (52.86%) Developer
2 89 (39.21%) PHP Developer
3 29 (12.78%) DevOps Engineer
4 28 (12.33%) React Developer
5 22 (9.69%) LAMP Developer
6 21 (9.25%) Administrator
6 21 (9.25%) Linux Administrator
6 21 (9.25%) Linux Engineer
6 21 (9.25%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 19 (8.37%) Senior Developer
8 17 (7.49%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 16 (7.05%) Web Developer
10 15 (6.61%) Senior PHP Developer
10 15 (6.61%) Support Engineer
10 15 (6.61%) Systems Administrator
11 14 (6.17%) Python Developer
11 14 (6.17%) Windows Engineer
12 13 (5.73%) Cloud Engineer
12 13 (5.73%) PHP LAMP Developer
13 12 (5.29%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (78.41%) LAMP
2 102 (44.93%) CSS
2 102 (44.93%) HTML
3 48 (21.15%) jQuery
3 48 (21.15%) Web Services
4 42 (18.50%) React
5 40 (17.62%) Ajax
6 36 (15.86%) LAPP Stack
7 29 (12.78%) RabbitMQ
8 27 (11.89%) HHVM
9 24 (10.57%) Laravel
10 22 (9.69%) Django
10 22 (9.69%) Symfony
11 19 (8.37%) Elastic Stack
11 19 (8.37%) RESTful
12 18 (7.93%) AngularJS
13 17 (7.49%) HTML5
14 15 (6.61%) CSS3
14 15 (6.61%) Memcached
14 15 (6.61%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 14 (6.17%) Marketing Technology
2 12 (5.29%) Linux Command Line
2 12 (5.29%) Public Cloud
3 7 (3.08%) Data Centre
4 6 (2.64%) User Experience
5 5 (2.20%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 5 (2.20%) Hybrid Cloud
5 5 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (1.76%) Replication
7 3 (1.32%) Clustering
7 3 (1.32%) Mobile App
8 2 (0.88%) Cloud Native
8 2 (0.88%) Driving Licence
8 2 (0.88%) Fintech
8 2 (0.88%) Management Information System
8 2 (0.88%) Private Cloud
8 2 (0.88%) Tandem
9 1 (0.44%) CCTV
9 1 (0.44%) e-Learning
9 1 (0.44%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 203 (89.43%) Linux
2 77 (33.92%) Ubuntu
3 38 (16.74%) Debian
4 36 (15.86%) CentOS
5 34 (14.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 30 (13.22%) Windows
7 23 (10.13%) Unix
8 16 (7.05%) Windows Server
9 15 (6.61%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (3.52%) VyOS
11 6 (2.64%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.88%) FreeBSD
12 2 (0.88%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.44%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.44%) Android
13 1 (0.44%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.44%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.44%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.44%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 90 (39.65%) DevOps
2 86 (37.89%) Agile Software Development
3 48 (21.15%) Front End Development
4 40 (17.62%) Server Management
5 35 (15.42%) Open Source
5 35 (15.42%) Problem-Solving
5 35 (15.42%) Web Development
6 32 (14.10%) OOP
7 30 (13.22%) Configuration Management
8 29 (12.78%) E-Commerce
8 29 (12.78%) Unit Testing
9 27 (11.89%) Scrum
10 26 (11.45%) Continuous Integration
11 21 (9.25%) Project Management
12 20 (8.81%) Digital Marketing
12 20 (8.81%) Microservices
13 19 (8.37%) Computer Science
13 19 (8.37%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 19 (8.37%) Software Engineering
14 18 (7.93%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 175 (77.09%) PHP
2 123 (54.19%) Python
3 112 (49.34%) JavaScript
4 68 (29.96%) Bash Shell
5 52 (22.91%) SQL
6 40 (17.62%) Ruby
7 34 (14.98%) Perl
8 28 (12.33%) Java
9 21 (9.25%) Go
10 18 (7.93%) Shell Script
11 14 (6.17%) Bourne shell
11 14 (6.17%) Korn
11 14 (6.17%) VB
12 10 (4.41%) PowerShell
13 9 (3.96%) C#
14 3 (1.32%) C++
14 3 (1.32%) Erlang
14 3 (1.32%) Groovy
15 2 (0.88%) Apple Swift
15 2 (0.88%) Scala
Qualifications
1 26 (11.45%) Degree
2 16 (7.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (4.85%) Security Cleared
4 9 (3.96%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.44%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.44%) CCNP
5 1 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.44%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.44%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.44%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (3.08%) QA
2 1 (0.44%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 74 (32.60%) Docker
2 27 (11.89%) Varnish
3 20 (8.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (7.05%) Active Directory
5 15 (6.61%) KVM
6 7 (3.08%) iptables
7 5 (2.20%) LXC
7 5 (2.20%) VirtualBox
8 4 (1.76%) NFS
8 4 (1.76%) PowerDNS
8 4 (1.76%) Xen
9 3 (1.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.88%) etcd
10 2 (0.88%) QEMU
10 2 (0.88%) vCloud
10 2 (0.88%) zsh
11 1 (0.44%) GlusterFS
11 1 (0.44%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 76 (33.48%) Ansible
2 67 (29.52%) Puppet
3 51 (22.47%) Opscode Chef
4 35 (15.42%) Kubernetes
4 35 (15.42%) Terraform
5 26 (11.45%) HAProxy
6 16 (7.05%) Packer
7 11 (4.85%) Salt
8 10 (4.41%) Prometheus
9 6 (2.64%) Nagios
10 4 (1.76%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (1.76%) Graphite
11 3 (1.32%) Galera Cluster
11 3 (1.32%) Ganeti
11 3 (1.32%) Kibana
11 3 (1.32%) logstash
11 3 (1.32%) Marathon
11 3 (1.32%) Mesos
12 2 (0.88%) Consul
12 2 (0.88%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 53 (23.35%) Google
2 44 (19.38%) VMware
3 27 (11.89%) Red Hat
4 18 (7.93%) Zend
5 17 (7.49%) Cisco
6 14 (6.17%) CheckPoint
6 14 (6.17%) NETGEAR
7 10 (4.41%) Microsoft
8 9 (3.96%) Oracle
9 8 (3.52%) SaltStack
10 6 (2.64%) F5
11 5 (2.20%) Rackspace
12 4 (1.76%) Percona
12 4 (1.76%) WooCommerce
13 3 (1.32%) Juniper
13 3 (1.32%) New Relic
14 2 (0.88%) Adobe
14 2 (0.88%) Atlassian
14 2 (0.88%) Peoplefluent
14 2 (0.88%) Tableau