Period
to 12 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 12 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
12 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 847 814 903
Rank change year-on-year -33 +89 +52
Permanent jobs citing LEMP Stack 95 65 208
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.095% 0.077% 0.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.23% 0.19% 0.38%
Number of salaries quoted 80 59 177
10th Percentile £37,250 £29,700 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,438 £31,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £40,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +37.50% -11.11% -10.00%
75th Percentile £69,688 £57,500 £60,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £65,000 £76,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,250 £38,750 £41,000
% change year-on-year +27.10% -5.49% -8.89%

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 41,182 33,519 54,799
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.16% 39.70% 38.13%
Number of salaries quoted 28,851 27,752 45,321
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £56,322 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +2.40% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £91,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Salary trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Salary histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 12 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 92 £55,000 +25.00% 34
UK excluding London -34 56 £49,250 +27.10% 29
London -11 38 £70,000 +33.33% 7
Work from Home -164 35 £61,250 +53.13% 9
South East +21 26 £49,250 +35.86% 7
North of England -29 10 £62,500 +38.89% 9
South West -60 8 £42,500 +6.25% 6
North West -20 7 £63,750 +41.67% 5
Midlands -38 6 £22,500 -18.18% 2
East of England -9 4 £62,500 -3.85% 2
East Midlands -23 4 £45,000 +63.64% 2
West Midlands - 2 £22,500 -
North East - 2 £62,500 -
Northern Ireland - 2 £55,000 -
Yorkshire -35 1 £55,000 +69.23% 4

For the 6 months to 12 June 2021, IT jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 89 (93.68%) Linux
2 84 (88.42%) nginx
3 80 (84.21%) MySQL
4 55 (57.89%) Python
5 52 (54.74%) PHP
6 50 (52.63%) AWS
7 48 (50.53%) Docker
8 44 (46.32%) DevOps
9 41 (43.16%) JavaScript
10 39 (41.05%) Git (software)
11 37 (38.95%) PostgreSQL
12 36 (37.89%) LAMP
13 32 (33.68%) Bash Shell
14 29 (30.53%) CSS
14 29 (30.53%) Apache
14 29 (30.53%) Ansible
15 28 (29.47%) Kubernetes
15 28 (29.47%) Agile Software Development
15 28 (29.47%) Ubuntu
15 28 (29.47%) Jenkins
16 27 (28.42%) CentOS
17 26 (27.37%) HTML
18 24 (25.26%) Terraform
19 23 (24.21%) React
20 22 (23.16%) SQL
21 21 (22.11%) Infrastructure as Code
22 20 (21.05%) Azure
22 20 (21.05%) Sass
22 20 (21.05%) MongoDB
22 20 (21.05%) Puppet

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (88.42%) nginx
2 29 (30.53%) Apache
3 14 (14.74%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (13.68%) Confluence
5 10 (10.53%) OpenStack
6 8 (8.42%) IIS
6 8 (8.42%) WordPress
7 7 (7.37%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (7.37%) CloudStack
8 6 (6.32%) CMS
8 6 (6.32%) Traefik
9 5 (5.26%) Drupal
10 3 (3.16%) Tomcat
11 2 (2.11%) Apache Pulsar
12 1 (1.05%) Moodle
12 1 (1.05%) SilverStripe
Applications
1 7 (7.37%) Photoshop
2 4 (4.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 4 (4.21%) Adobe Illustrator
2 4 (4.21%) Fireworks
2 4 (4.21%) Sketch
3 3 (3.16%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 6 (6.32%) Magento
2 4 (4.21%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 50 (52.63%) AWS
2 20 (21.05%) Azure
3 16 (16.84%) Amazon EC2
3 16 (16.84%) GCP
4 15 (15.79%) Amazon EKS
4 15 (15.79%) AWS CloudFormation
5 13 (13.68%) npm
6 12 (12.63%) Amazon SQS
7 11 (11.58%) Amazon S3
7 11 (11.58%) Serverless
8 8 (8.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 7 (7.37%) Amazon ECS
9 7 (7.37%) Datadog
9 7 (7.37%) OpenShift
9 7 (7.37%) Pulumi
9 7 (7.37%) SaaS
10 5 (5.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 4 (4.21%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (4.21%) GitHub
11 4 (4.21%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 15 (15.79%) VLAN
2 14 (14.74%) DNS
3 11 (11.58%) Firewall
3 11 (11.58%) SSL
4 8 (8.42%) DHCP
4 8 (8.42%) VPN
5 7 (7.37%) HTTP
5 7 (7.37%) TCP/IP
6 6 (6.32%) Broadband
7 4 (4.21%) DSL
7 4 (4.21%) Intranet
7 4 (4.21%) SSH
8 2 (2.11%) Network Security
8 2 (2.11%) OpenVPN
9 1 (1.05%) Internet
9 1 (1.05%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (84.21%) MySQL
2 37 (38.95%) PostgreSQL
3 20 (21.05%) MongoDB
3 20 (21.05%) Redis
4 18 (18.95%) MariaDB
5 11 (11.58%) NoSQL
6 10 (10.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 10 (10.53%) Relational Database
7 7 (7.37%) Amazon RDS
7 7 (7.37%) Hadoop
8 6 (6.32%) Event Store
8 6 (6.32%) SQL Server
9 4 (4.21%) FileMaker
10 2 (2.11%) Tableau
10 2 (2.11%) Tableau Server
11 1 (1.05%) Amazon Aurora
11 1 (1.05%) Big Data
11 1 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
11 1 (1.05%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 39 (41.05%) Git (software)
2 28 (29.47%) Jenkins
3 19 (20.00%) JIRA
4 15 (15.79%) GitLab
5 12 (12.63%) Maven
6 9 (9.47%) git-flow
7 8 (8.42%) TeamCity
7 8 (8.42%) Vagrant
8 7 (7.37%) Gradle
8 7 (7.37%) Octopus Deploy
9 6 (6.32%) gulp
9 6 (6.32%) webpack
10 5 (5.26%) Grunt
11 4 (4.21%) Cucumber
11 4 (4.21%) Mercurial
11 4 (4.21%) Postman
11 4 (4.21%) Selenium
11 4 (4.21%) SoapUI
11 4 (4.21%) WebDriver
11 4 (4.21%) Zephyr
General
1 17 (17.89%) Social Skills
2 13 (13.68%) Finance
3 6 (6.32%) Documentation Skills
4 5 (5.26%) Public Sector
5 4 (4.21%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (4.21%) Local Government
5 4 (4.21%) Marketing
6 3 (3.16%) Retail
7 2 (2.11%) Games
7 2 (2.11%) Organisational Skills
8 1 (1.05%) Electronics
8 1 (1.05%) Manufacturing
8 1 (1.05%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 39 (41.05%) Developer
2 27 (28.42%) DevOps Engineer
3 16 (16.84%) Linux Engineer
4 14 (14.74%) AWS Engineer
5 12 (12.63%) Full Stack Developer
6 9 (9.47%) Python Developer
7 8 (8.42%) AWS DevOps
7 8 (8.42%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 7 (7.37%) Backend Developer
8 7 (7.37%) Linux DevOps Engineer
8 7 (7.37%) Linux/Unix DevOps
9 6 (6.32%) Cloud Engineer
9 6 (6.32%) DBA
9 6 (6.32%) DevOps Systems Engineer
9 6 (6.32%) Linux Systems Engineer
9 6 (6.32%) Principal Engineer
9 6 (6.32%) Principal Systems Engineer
9 6 (6.32%) Systems Engineer
10 5 (5.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 5 (5.26%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (37.89%) LAMP
2 29 (30.53%) CSS
3 26 (27.37%) HTML
4 23 (24.21%) React
5 20 (21.05%) Sass
6 19 (20.00%) Elastic Stack
7 18 (18.95%) Node.js
8 17 (17.89%) AngularJS
9 16 (16.84%) LAPP Stack
10 14 (14.74%) Django
11 13 (13.68%) Web Services
12 12 (12.63%) RabbitMQ
13 11 (11.58%) REST
13 11 (11.58%) Symfony
14 10 (10.53%) Flask
14 10 (10.53%) Laravel
14 10 (10.53%) SOAP
15 9 (9.47%) HTML5
16 7 (7.37%) jQuery
16 7 (7.37%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 17 (17.89%) Linux Command Line
2 12 (12.63%) Clustering
3 8 (8.42%) Private Cloud
4 7 (7.37%) Hybrid Cloud
5 6 (6.32%) User Experience
6 4 (4.21%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (4.21%) NHS
7 3 (3.16%) Public Cloud
7 3 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (2.11%) Management Information System
9 1 (1.05%) Digital Media
9 1 (1.05%) e-Learning
9 1 (1.05%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 89 (93.68%) Linux
2 28 (29.47%) Ubuntu
3 27 (28.42%) CentOS
4 16 (16.84%) Windows
5 11 (11.58%) Unix
6 5 (5.26%) Debian
7 4 (4.21%) Android
7 4 (4.21%) Apple iOS
8 2 (2.11%) Alpine Linux
8 2 (2.11%) Fedora
8 2 (2.11%) VMS
9 1 (1.05%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 44 (46.32%) DevOps
2 28 (29.47%) Agile Software Development
3 21 (22.11%) Infrastructure as Code
4 18 (18.95%) Web Development
5 17 (17.89%) Configuration Management
5 17 (17.89%) Microservices
6 13 (13.68%) Continuous Integration
7 12 (12.63%) High Availability
8 11 (11.58%) Mentoring
8 11 (11.58%) Problem-Solving
8 11 (11.58%) TDD
9 10 (10.53%) Server Management
10 9 (9.47%) Software Delivery
11 8 (8.42%) Decision-Making
12 7 (7.37%) Coaching
12 7 (7.37%) Computer Science
12 7 (7.37%) Continuous Delivery
12 7 (7.37%) Load Balancing
12 7 (7.37%) Project Delivery
13 6 (6.32%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 55 (57.89%) Python
2 52 (54.74%) PHP
3 41 (43.16%) JavaScript
4 32 (33.68%) Bash Shell
5 22 (23.16%) SQL
6 19 (20.00%) Java
7 15 (15.79%) PowerShell
8 10 (10.53%) Perl
9 8 (8.42%) Groovy
10 7 (7.37%) TypeScript
11 6 (6.32%) ES6
12 5 (5.26%) PHP 7
13 4 (4.21%) Java 8
13 4 (4.21%) Ruby
14 3 (3.16%) C#
14 3 (3.16%) Scala
15 2 (2.11%) Go
16 1 (1.05%) C
16 1 (1.05%) CFML
16 1 (1.05%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 9 (9.47%) Degree
2 7 (7.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (4.21%) ISTQB
4 1 (1.05%) CCNA
4 1 (1.05%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (1.05%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (7.37%) WCAG
2 4 (4.21%) Accessibility
2 4 (4.21%) WAI
3 2 (2.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (2.11%) QA
System Software
1 48 (50.53%) Docker
2 7 (7.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (6.32%) Active Directory
3 6 (6.32%) iptables
4 3 (3.16%) VirtualBox
5 2 (2.11%) Postfix
5 2 (2.11%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (2.11%) Xen
6 1 (1.05%) Varnish
6 1 (1.05%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (1.05%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 29 (30.53%) Ansible
2 28 (29.47%) Kubernetes
3 24 (25.26%) Terraform
4 20 (21.05%) Puppet
5 16 (16.84%) Prometheus
6 12 (12.63%) Failover Clustering
7 9 (9.47%) Grafana
8 8 (8.42%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (7.37%) Consul
9 7 (7.37%) Rancher
10 5 (5.26%) HAProxy
11 3 (3.16%) Kibana
12 2 (2.11%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (2.11%) Munin
12 2 (2.11%) Nagios
12 2 (2.11%) yum
13 1 (1.05%) logstash
13 1 (1.05%) Packer
13 1 (1.05%) Salt
13 1 (1.05%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 8 (8.42%) Atlassian
1 8 (8.42%) Google
1 8 (8.42%) VMware
2 7 (7.37%) Adobe
3 6 (6.32%) Red Hat
4 5 (5.26%) WooCommerce
5 3 (3.16%) Cisco
5 3 (3.16%) Microsoft
6 2 (2.11%) Lets Encrypt
7 1 (1.05%) SAP