Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LEMP Stack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 906 843 902
Rank change year-on-year -63 +59 +12
Permanent jobs citing LEMP Stack 228 371 329
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.14% 0.21% 0.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.36% 0.51% 0.45%
Number of salaries quoted 192 334 296
UK median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £44,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.00% +12.36% -1.11%
10th Percentile £31,750 £29,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £77,950 £68,750 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% -2.58%

LEMP Stack is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 63,063 72,051 72,420
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.49% 40.10% 39.18%
Number of salaries quoted 51,838 60,028 62,707
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

LEMP Stack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LEMP Stack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LEMP Stack.

Salary trend for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LEMP Stack over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Salary histogram for LEMP Stack in the UK

LEMP Stack
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LEMP Stack within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -75 218 £48,750 -2.50% 73
London -19 121 £52,500 -4.55% 22
UK excluding London +3 100 £42,500 +6.25% 54
North of England +28 31 £45,000 +5.88% 24
South East +17 30 £42,000 -9.19% 12
Yorkshire +41 22 £50,000 +25.00% 16
South West +20 16 £47,500 +106.52% 7
Midlands -7 10 £37,500 +7.14% 5
West Midlands -16 9 £37,500 +7.14% 3
East of England +34 7 £37,500 +7.14% 3
North West -1 7 £32,500 -35.00% 7
Wales - 3 £40,000 - 3
North East - 2 £45,000 - 1
East Midlands +12 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT jobs citing LEMP Stack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LEMP Stack.

1 209 (91.67%) Linux
2 206 (90.35%) nginx
3 193 (84.65%) MySQL
4 156 (68.42%) LAMP
5 154 (67.54%) PHP
6 133 (58.33%) Apache
7 123 (53.95%) Amazon AWS
8 122 (53.51%) Python
9 106 (46.49%) DevOps
10 104 (45.61%) Agile Software Development
11 98 (42.98%) Git (software)
12 94 (41.23%) HTML
13 87 (38.16%) CSS
14 86 (37.72%) JavaScript
15 84 (36.84%) Ansible
16 79 (34.65%) Puppet
17 76 (33.33%) Bash Shell
18 67 (29.39%) Opscode Chef
19 65 (28.51%) Jenkins
20 62 (27.19%) SQL
20 62 (27.19%) Docker
21 54 (23.68%) jQuery
22 48 (21.05%) Laravel
23 44 (19.30%) MariaDB
24 43 (18.86%) Redis
24 43 (18.86%) CentOS
24 43 (18.86%) PostgreSQL
25 42 (18.42%) Web Development
26 40 (17.54%) Java
27 39 (17.11%) Web Services

LEMP Stack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (90.35%) nginx
2 133 (58.33%) Apache
3 39 (17.11%) WordPress
4 33 (14.47%) CMS
4 33 (14.47%) Tomcat
5 32 (14.04%) Elasticsearch
6 19 (8.33%) Apache Solr
7 14 (6.14%) Drupal
8 11 (4.82%) OpenStack
9 10 (4.39%) Joomla!
9 10 (4.39%) WebSphere
10 9 (3.95%) IIS
11 7 (3.07%) lighttpd
12 5 (2.19%) ColdFusion
12 5 (2.19%) concrete5
12 5 (2.19%) Confluence
12 5 (2.19%) uWSGI
13 4 (1.75%) ExpressionEngine
14 3 (1.32%) CloudStack
14 3 (1.32%) SharePoint
Applications
1 5 (2.19%) Photoshop
2 3 (1.32%) GIMP
2 3 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.44%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 35 (15.35%) Magento
2 7 (3.07%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.44%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 123 (53.95%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (15.79%) Google Cloud Platform
3 29 (12.72%) Microsoft Azure
4 28 (12.28%) Amazon EC2
5 20 (8.77%) AWS CloudFormation
6 17 (7.46%) Cloud Computing
7 16 (7.02%) Amazon S3
7 16 (7.02%) GitHub
8 11 (4.82%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (4.82%) Serverless
9 10 (4.39%) npm
10 9 (3.95%) SaaS
11 7 (3.07%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 7 (3.07%) Amazon SQS
11 7 (3.07%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 7 (3.07%) G Suite
12 6 (2.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 5 (2.19%) Asana
13 5 (2.19%) Route 53
13 5 (2.19%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 25 (10.96%) DNS
2 18 (7.89%) Firewall
2 18 (7.89%) SSH
3 17 (7.46%) LAN
4 16 (7.02%) Network Security
4 16 (7.02%) WAN
5 15 (6.58%) TCP/IP
6 13 (5.70%) SSL
7 11 (4.82%) VLAN
8 10 (4.39%) BIG-IP
9 8 (3.51%) HTTP
10 5 (2.19%) SMTP
10 5 (2.19%) VPN
11 4 (1.75%) BGP
11 4 (1.75%) DHCP
11 4 (1.75%) FTP
12 3 (1.32%) HTTPS
12 3 (1.32%) Intranet
13 2 (0.88%) IMAP
13 2 (0.88%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 193 (84.65%) MySQL
2 44 (19.30%) MariaDB
3 43 (18.86%) PostgreSQL
3 43 (18.86%) Redis
4 26 (11.40%) NoSQL
5 22 (9.65%) MongoDB
6 21 (9.21%) Amazon RDS
7 19 (8.33%) Relational Database
8 10 (4.39%) SQL Server
9 8 (3.51%) Amazon Aurora
10 7 (3.07%) CouchDB
11 4 (1.75%) Blockchain
12 3 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (1.32%) InfluxDB
12 3 (1.32%) Riak
13 2 (0.88%) Aerospike
13 2 (0.88%) Couchbase
13 2 (0.88%) InterSystems Cache
13 2 (0.88%) RDBMS
14 1 (0.44%) TokuMX
Development Applications
1 98 (42.98%) Git (software)
2 65 (28.51%) Jenkins
3 18 (7.89%) JIRA
4 14 (6.14%) gulp
5 13 (5.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 13 (5.70%) Vagrant
6 12 (5.26%) Travis CI
7 11 (4.82%) Bitbucket
8 10 (4.39%) Subversion
9 9 (3.95%) TeamCity
10 8 (3.51%) git-flow
11 7 (3.07%) Grunt
12 6 (2.63%) Maven
12 6 (2.63%) webpack
13 5 (2.19%) Apache Ivy
13 5 (2.19%) GitLab
13 5 (2.19%) PHPUnit
14 4 (1.75%) Bower
14 4 (1.75%) Gradle
14 4 (1.75%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 31 (13.60%) Marketing
2 12 (5.26%) Advertising
3 10 (4.39%) Finance
3 10 (4.39%) Retail
4 8 (3.51%) Games
5 6 (2.63%) Billing
6 2 (0.88%) Spanish Language
7 1 (0.44%) Automotive
7 1 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.44%) Polish Language
7 1 (0.44%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 94 (41.23%) Developer
2 63 (27.63%) PHP Developer
3 34 (14.91%) DevOps Engineer
4 26 (11.40%) Linux Engineer
4 26 (11.40%) Web Developer
5 23 (10.09%) Cloud Engineer
6 22 (9.65%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 20 (8.77%) AWS Engineer
8 18 (7.89%) Senior Developer
9 17 (7.46%) Support Engineer
10 15 (6.58%) Full Stack Developer
10 15 (6.58%) Linux Infrastructure Engineer
10 15 (6.58%) PHP Web Developer
10 15 (6.58%) Senior PHP Developer
11 13 (5.70%) Systems Engineer
11 13 (5.70%) Windows Engineer
12 12 (5.26%) Linux Systems Engineer
13 11 (4.82%) LAMP Developer
13 11 (4.82%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
14 10 (4.39%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (68.42%) LAMP
2 94 (41.23%) HTML
3 87 (38.16%) CSS
4 54 (23.68%) jQuery
5 48 (21.05%) Laravel
6 39 (17.11%) Web Services
7 33 (14.47%) AngularJS
7 33 (14.47%) Symfony
8 29 (12.72%) React
9 27 (11.84%) LAPP Stack
10 24 (10.53%) HTML5
11 23 (10.09%) RabbitMQ
11 23 (10.09%) XML
12 20 (8.77%) Vue.js
13 18 (7.89%) Sass
14 17 (7.46%) Node.js
14 17 (7.46%) RESTful
15 16 (7.02%) Django
16 14 (6.14%) JSON
16 14 (6.14%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 21 (9.21%) Public Cloud
2 18 (7.89%) Linux Command Line
3 17 (7.46%) Self-Motivation
4 13 (5.70%) Marketing Technology
5 11 (4.82%) User Experience
6 10 (4.39%) Video\Live Streaming
7 9 (3.95%) Clustering
7 9 (3.95%) Mobile App
7 9 (3.95%) Replication
8 7 (3.07%) Data Centre
8 7 (3.07%) Digital Signage
8 7 (3.07%) IPTV
9 6 (2.63%) Hybrid Cloud
10 5 (2.19%) Algorithms
10 5 (2.19%) Management Information System
11 2 (0.88%) Driving Licence
11 2 (0.88%) Fintech
11 2 (0.88%) Xbox
12 1 (0.44%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 1 (0.44%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 209 (91.67%) Linux
2 43 (18.86%) CentOS
3 39 (17.11%) Ubuntu
4 35 (15.35%) Windows
5 26 (11.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 19 (8.33%) Windows Server
7 16 (7.02%) Windows Server 2008
8 11 (4.82%) Debian
9 10 (4.39%) CoreOS
10 8 (3.51%) Unix
11 7 (3.07%) Solaris
12 6 (2.63%) Android
12 6 (2.63%) Apple iOS
13 5 (2.19%) Amazon Linux
13 5 (2.19%) Mac OS X
13 5 (2.19%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (1.32%) FreeBSD
14 3 (1.32%) OpenBSD
15 2 (0.88%) AIX
15 2 (0.88%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (46.49%) DevOps
2 104 (45.61%) Agile Software Development
3 42 (18.42%) Web Development
4 38 (16.67%) Scrum
5 36 (15.79%) E-Commerce
6 29 (12.72%) Configuration Management
6 29 (12.72%) Kanban
7 27 (11.84%) Computer Science
7 27 (11.84%) OOP
8 25 (10.96%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 23 (10.09%) Digital Marketing
9 23 (10.09%) Load Balancing
9 23 (10.09%) Problem-Solving
9 23 (10.09%) Software Engineering
9 23 (10.09%) TDD
10 21 (9.21%) Continuous Integration
11 20 (8.77%) OO
12 19 (8.33%) Front End Development
12 19 (8.33%) Test Automation
13 16 (7.02%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 154 (67.54%) PHP
2 122 (53.51%) Python
3 86 (37.72%) JavaScript
4 76 (33.33%) Bash Shell
5 62 (27.19%) SQL
6 40 (17.54%) Java
7 36 (15.79%) Ruby
8 27 (11.84%) Perl
9 26 (11.40%) Go
10 13 (5.70%) Bourne shell
10 13 (5.70%) Korn
10 13 (5.70%) VB
11 12 (5.26%) Shell Script
12 8 (3.51%) PowerShell
13 5 (2.19%) Apple Swift
13 5 (2.19%) PHP 7
14 4 (1.75%) ES6
14 4 (1.75%) T-SQL
15 3 (1.32%) C#
15 3 (1.32%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 29 (12.72%) Degree
2 21 (9.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (4.39%) Cisco Certification
4 9 (3.95%) CCNA
5 6 (2.63%) AWS Certification
6 5 (2.19%) DBS Check
7 4 (1.75%) MBA
8 2 (0.88%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.44%) CCNP
9 1 (0.44%) RHCE
9 1 (0.44%) VCP6
9 1 (0.44%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.51%) QA
2 6 (2.63%) GDPR
3 2 (0.88%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.88%) SLA
4 1 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 62 (27.19%) Docker
2 24 (10.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (8.77%) Varnish
4 19 (8.33%) Active Directory
5 17 (7.46%) KVM
6 14 (6.14%) iptables
7 13 (5.70%) LXC
8 10 (4.39%) Xen
9 8 (3.51%) QEMU
10 5 (2.19%) NFS
10 5 (2.19%) VirtualBox
11 4 (1.75%) PowerDNS
12 3 (1.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (1.32%) etcd
12 3 (1.32%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.88%) Ceph
13 2 (0.88%) Corosync
13 2 (0.88%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
13 2 (0.88%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 84 (36.84%) Ansible
2 79 (34.65%) Puppet
3 67 (29.39%) Opscode Chef
4 33 (14.47%) Terraform
5 32 (14.04%) Kubernetes
6 31 (13.60%) HAProxy
7 21 (9.21%) Salt
8 9 (3.95%) Grafana
8 9 (3.95%) Nagios
8 9 (3.95%) Prometheus
9 7 (3.07%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (2.63%) Cacti
10 6 (2.63%) Icinga
11 5 (2.19%) Rancher
12 4 (1.75%) Graphite
12 4 (1.75%) logstash
12 4 (1.75%) Packer
13 3 (1.32%) Ganeti
13 3 (1.32%) Kibana
13 3 (1.32%) Mesos
Vendors
1 38 (16.67%) Google
2 33 (14.47%) VMware
3 32 (14.04%) Cisco
4 30 (13.16%) Red Hat
5 28 (12.28%) Zend
6 23 (10.09%) Oracle
7 21 (9.21%) Microsoft
8 13 (5.70%) CheckPoint
8 13 (5.70%) NETGEAR
9 11 (4.82%) SaltStack
10 10 (4.39%) F5
11 9 (3.95%) New Relic
12 7 (3.07%) Adobe
13 5 (2.19%) Juniper
13 5 (2.19%) Percona
13 5 (2.19%) SolarWinds
14 4 (1.75%) PayPal
15 3 (1.32%) Atlassian
15 3 (1.32%) Citrix
15 3 (1.32%) Rakuten