Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for MLlib skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited MLlib over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Spark Machine Learning Library (MLlib)
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 875 863 886
Rank change year-on-year -12 +23 +9
Contract jobs citing MLlib 19 18 24
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.018% 0.018% 0.023%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.053% 0.055% 0.074%
Number of daily rates quoted 16 16 14
UK median daily rate £550 £613 £569
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.20% +7.69% -5.21%
10th Percentile £357 £425 £485
90th Percentile £606 £681 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £575 £610 -
% change year-on-year -5.74% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £15.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

MLlib is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,987 32,733 32,231
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.85% 32.27% 30.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,384 23,100 22,314
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 374 373
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £17.00 £18.15 £14.36
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.84% +8.67% -

MLlib
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing MLlib as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing MLlib.

Contractor daily rate trend for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing MLlib over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Top 4 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing MLlib within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 19 £550 -10.20% 2
London +8 16 £550 -10.57% 2
East of England +1 3 £575 -7.63%
UK excluding London -1 3 £575 -5.74%

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing MLlib also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for MLlib.

1 19 (100.00%) Big Data
1 19 (100.00%) Apache Spark
2 18 (94.74%) SQL
3 17 (89.47%) Hadoop
4 16 (84.21%) Analytics
5 14 (73.68%) Apache Hive
6 13 (68.42%) Scala
6 13 (68.42%) Machine Learning
7 12 (63.16%) Analytical Skills
7 12 (63.16%) Data Science
7 12 (63.16%) Agile Software Development
8 11 (57.89%) Software Engineering
8 11 (57.89%) Python
8 11 (57.89%) Java
8 11 (57.89%) OO
9 10 (52.63%) Amazon AWS
9 10 (52.63%) NoSQL
9 10 (52.63%) Statistics
10 8 (42.11%) DevOps
10 8 (42.11%) Jenkins
10 8 (42.11%) Mathematics
10 8 (42.11%) Git (software)
10 8 (42.11%) Apache
10 8 (42.11%) Unix
10 8 (42.11%) Linux
10 8 (42.11%) OOA/OOD
10 8 (42.11%) Eclipse
10 8 (42.11%) IntelliJ
10 8 (42.11%) Scrum
10 8 (42.11%) Maven

MLlib
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (100.00%) Apache Spark
2 8 (42.11%) Apache
3 3 (15.79%) Apache Airflow
3 3 (15.79%) Luigi
3 3 (15.79%) Oracle Workflow
4 1 (5.26%) Apache Pig
4 1 (5.26%) Jupyter
Cloud Services
1 10 (52.63%) Amazon AWS
2 7 (36.84%) Amazon EMR
3 4 (21.05%) Amazon Kinesis
4 3 (15.79%) Amazon EC2
5 1 (5.26%) Amazon SageMaker
5 1 (5.26%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (5.26%) PaaS
5 1 (5.26%) SaaS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (100.00%) Big Data
2 17 (89.47%) Hadoop
3 14 (73.68%) Apache Hive
4 10 (52.63%) NoSQL
5 7 (36.84%) Apache Zeppelin
6 5 (26.32%) Relational Database
7 3 (15.79%) Amazon Athena
7 3 (15.79%) Amazon RDS
7 3 (15.79%) Amazon Redshift
7 3 (15.79%) Apache Cassandra
7 3 (15.79%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (5.26%) Impala
8 1 (5.26%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 8 (42.11%) Eclipse
1 8 (42.11%) Git (software)
1 8 (42.11%) IntelliJ
1 8 (42.11%) Jenkins
1 8 (42.11%) Maven
General
1 2 (10.53%) Banking
2 1 (5.26%) Marketing
2 1 (5.26%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 9 (47.37%) Big Data Engineer
1 9 (47.37%) Data Engineer
2 6 (31.58%) Big Data Software Engineer
2 6 (31.58%) Data Scientist
2 6 (31.58%) Software Engineer
3 5 (26.32%) Data Analytics Engineer
3 5 (26.32%) Senior Data Engineer
3 5 (26.32%) Senior Software Engineer
4 3 (15.79%) AWS Engineer
5 2 (10.53%) Big Data Developer
5 2 (10.53%) Developer
5 2 (10.53%) Senior Data Scientist
6 1 (5.26%) Hadoop Engineer
6 1 (5.26%) Kubernetes Specialist
6 1 (5.26%) Python Engineer
6 1 (5.26%) Research Scientist
6 1 (5.26%) Scala Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7 (36.84%) Kafka
2 5 (26.32%) TensorFlow
3 4 (21.05%) PySpark
3 4 (21.05%) Theano
3 4 (21.05%) Torch
4 3 (15.79%) scikit-learn
5 1 (5.26%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 12 (63.16%) Analytical Skills
2 7 (36.84%) Algorithms
3 2 (10.53%) Computer Science
3 2 (10.53%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 8 (42.11%) Linux
1 8 (42.11%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 16 (84.21%) Analytics
2 13 (68.42%) Machine Learning
3 12 (63.16%) Agile Software Development
3 12 (63.16%) Data Science
4 11 (57.89%) OO
4 11 (57.89%) Software Engineering
5 10 (52.63%) Statistics
6 8 (42.11%) DevOps
6 8 (42.11%) Mathematics
6 8 (42.11%) OOA/OOD
6 8 (42.11%) Scrum
6 8 (42.11%) TDD
7 7 (36.84%) Big Data Analytics
7 7 (36.84%) Data Analytics
7 7 (36.84%) Problem-Solving
8 6 (31.58%) Physics
9 5 (26.32%) Predictive Analytics
10 4 (21.05%) Deep Learning
10 4 (21.05%) Statistical Modelling
10 4 (21.05%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 18 (94.74%) SQL
2 13 (68.42%) Scala
3 11 (57.89%) Java
3 11 (57.89%) Python
4 3 (15.79%) C++
5 1 (5.26%) R
Qualifications
1 3 (15.79%) Degree
2 2 (10.53%) Master's Degree
3 1 (5.26%) DV Cleared
3 1 (5.26%) Numerate Degree
3 1 (5.26%) PhD
3 1 (5.26%) SC Cleared
3 1 (5.26%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (5.26%) Data Quality
1 1 (5.26%) QA
System Software
1 7 (36.84%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 1 (5.26%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 4 (21.05%) Cloudera
1 4 (21.05%) Hortonworks
2 3 (15.79%) Oracle
3 1 (5.26%) Google
3 1 (5.26%) Greenplum
3 1 (5.26%) IBM