Period
to 24 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for MLlib skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited MLlib over the 6 months to 24 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Spark Machine Learning Library (MLlib)
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 850 827 884
Rank change year-on-year -23 +57 -26
Contract jobs citing MLlib 33 14 10
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.033% 0.015% 0.009%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.099% 0.048% 0.033%
Number of daily rates quoted 29 9 6
UK median daily rate £480 £600 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -20.00% - -
10th Percentile £306 £545 £456
90th Percentile £600 £690 £672
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 - £650
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £15.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

MLlib is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,414 29,329 30,473
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.33% 32.02% 28.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,488 20,297 21,287
UK median daily rate £470 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.62% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 347 376 417
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £41.13 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.74% +9.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £15.15 £15.63 £13.50
90th Percentile £65.90 £53.75 £55.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -2.44% +9.33% +4.17%

MLlib
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing MLlib as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing MLlib.

Contractor daily rate trend for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing MLlib over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Top 4 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing MLlib within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 33 £480 -20.00% 2
London -35 20 £485 -19.17% 2
UK excluding London -23 13 £463 -
East of England - 13 £463 -

For the 6 months to 24 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing MLlib also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for MLlib.

1 33 (100.00%) Apache Spark
2 32 (96.97%) Big Data
3 30 (90.91%) Hadoop
3 30 (90.91%) NoSQL
4 29 (87.88%) Java
5 28 (84.85%) Scala
6 27 (81.82%) Analytics
7 24 (72.73%) SQL
8 23 (69.70%) Python
9 21 (63.64%) OO
9 21 (63.64%) Apache Cassandra
10 18 (54.55%) Machine Learning
11 17 (51.52%) Apache Hive
11 17 (51.52%) Apache
11 17 (51.52%) Agile Software Development
12 16 (48.48%) HDFS
13 15 (45.45%) Jenkins
13 15 (45.45%) Git (software)
13 15 (45.45%) C++
14 14 (42.42%) Amazon AWS
15 13 (39.39%) Predictive Modelling
15 13 (39.39%) Oracle
15 13 (39.39%) PostgreSQL
15 13 (39.39%) Linear Programming
15 13 (39.39%) Data Engineering
15 13 (39.39%) Data Science
16 10 (30.30%) Data Warehouse
16 10 (30.30%) E-Commerce
16 10 (30.30%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (30.30%) Amazon Redshift

MLlib
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (100.00%) Apache Spark
2 17 (51.52%) Apache
3 8 (24.24%) Apache Airflow
3 8 (24.24%) Luigi
3 8 (24.24%) Oracle Workflow
4 7 (21.21%) Apache Pig
5 1 (3.03%) SAS
Business Applications
1 1 (3.03%) Finacle
1 1 (3.03%) FLEXCUBE
Cloud Services
1 14 (42.42%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (27.27%) Amazon EC2
2 9 (27.27%) Amazon EMR
2 9 (27.27%) Amazon Kinesis
3 7 (21.21%) Microsoft Azure
4 1 (3.03%) Amazon S3
4 1 (3.03%) Cloud Computing
4 1 (3.03%) IaaS
4 1 (3.03%) PaaS
4 1 (3.03%) SaaS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (96.97%) Big Data
2 30 (90.91%) Hadoop
2 30 (90.91%) NoSQL
3 21 (63.64%) Apache Cassandra
4 17 (51.52%) Apache Hive
5 13 (39.39%) PostgreSQL
6 10 (30.30%) Amazon RDS
6 10 (30.30%) Amazon Redshift
6 10 (30.30%) Data Warehouse
7 9 (27.27%) Amazon Athena
8 8 (24.24%) MongoDB
8 8 (24.24%) RDBMS
8 8 (24.24%) Relational Database
9 7 (21.21%) Apache Zeppelin
9 7 (21.21%) Sqoop
10 2 (6.06%) Electronic Patient Records
10 2 (6.06%) HBase
10 2 (6.06%) Neo4j
11 1 (3.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 1 (3.03%) Impala
Development Applications
1 15 (45.45%) Git (software)
1 15 (45.45%) Jenkins
2 8 (24.24%) Eclipse
2 8 (24.24%) IntelliJ
2 8 (24.24%) Maven
3 7 (21.21%) JUnit
3 7 (21.21%) TeamCity
4 1 (3.03%) Appium
4 1 (3.03%) Cucumber
4 1 (3.03%) Selenium
General
1 9 (27.27%) Retail
2 3 (9.09%) Finance
3 2 (6.06%) Banking
3 2 (6.06%) Retail Banking
4 1 (3.03%) Aerospace
4 1 (3.03%) Marketing
4 1 (3.03%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 27 (81.82%) Data Engineer
2 22 (66.67%) Big Data Engineer
3 13 (39.39%) AWS Engineer
4 6 (18.18%) Big Data Software Engineer
4 6 (18.18%) Senior Data Engineer
4 6 (18.18%) Software Engineer
5 5 (15.15%) Data Analytics Engineer
5 5 (15.15%) Senior Software Engineer
6 4 (12.12%) Hadoop Engineer
7 2 (6.06%) Big Data Developer
7 2 (6.06%) Data Scientist
7 2 (6.06%) Developer
8 1 (3.03%) Architect
8 1 (3.03%) Data Architect
8 1 (3.03%) Data Modeller
8 1 (3.03%) Data Science Engineer
8 1 (3.03%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 1 (3.03%) Scala Software Engineer
8 1 (3.03%) Statistician
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (27.27%) TensorFlow
2 8 (24.24%) Kafka
2 8 (24.24%) scikit-learn
3 7 (21.21%) Keras
4 2 (6.06%) Natural Language Processing
4 2 (6.06%) Pandas
4 2 (6.06%) SciPy
4 2 (6.06%) XML
5 1 (3.03%) Apache Avro
5 1 (3.03%) Apache Thrift
5 1 (3.03%) ggplot2
5 1 (3.03%) JSON
5 1 (3.03%) NumPy
5 1 (3.03%) Protocol Buffers
5 1 (3.03%) PySpark
5 1 (3.03%) RESTful
5 1 (3.03%) Spark Streaming
5 1 (3.03%) Swagger
5 1 (3.03%) Theano
5 1 (3.03%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 7 (21.21%) Analytical Skills
2 2 (6.06%) NHS
3 1 (3.03%) Algorithms
3 1 (3.03%) Computer Science
3 1 (3.03%) Data Structures
3 1 (3.03%) GPGPU
3 1 (3.03%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 8 (24.24%) Linux
1 8 (24.24%) Unix
2 1 (3.03%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (81.82%) Analytics
2 21 (63.64%) OO
3 18 (54.55%) Machine Learning
4 17 (51.52%) Agile Software Development
5 13 (39.39%) Data Engineering
5 13 (39.39%) Data Science
5 13 (39.39%) Linear Programming
5 13 (39.39%) Predictive Modelling
6 10 (30.30%) Data Analytics
6 10 (30.30%) E-Commerce
7 9 (27.27%) Deep Learning
7 9 (27.27%) Scrum
8 8 (24.24%) Actionable Insight
8 8 (24.24%) Customer Acquisition
8 8 (24.24%) DevOps
8 8 (24.24%) Performance Metrics
8 8 (24.24%) Problem-Solving
8 8 (24.24%) TDD
8 8 (24.24%) Workflow
8 8 (24.24%) Workflow Management
Programming Languages
1 29 (87.88%) Java
2 28 (84.85%) Scala
3 24 (72.73%) SQL
4 23 (69.70%) Python
5 15 (45.45%) C++
6 7 (21.21%) Shell Script
7 1 (3.03%) C#
7 1 (3.03%) R
Qualifications
1 2 (6.06%) PhD
2 1 (3.03%) DV Cleared
2 1 (3.03%) SC Cleared
2 1 (3.03%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (6.06%) PMO
2 1 (3.03%) Data Quality
2 1 (3.03%) GDPR
2 1 (3.03%) PSD2
System Software
1 16 (48.48%) HDFS
2 7 (21.21%) Apache Flume
2 7 (21.21%) Docker
Systems Management
1 7 (21.21%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 13 (39.39%) Oracle
2 8 (24.24%) Cloudera
2 8 (24.24%) Hortonworks
2 8 (24.24%) MapR
3 7 (21.21%) Microsoft
4 3 (9.09%) Tableau
5 1 (3.03%) Greenplum
5 1 (3.03%) IBM