Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for MLlib skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited MLlib over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Apache Spark Machine Learning Library (MLlib)
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1070 1166 1234
Rank change year-on-year +96 +68 +39
Permanent jobs citing MLlib 87 34 7
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.053% 0.019% 0.004%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.13% 0.048% 0.009%
Number of salaries quoted 51 17 7
UK median annual salary £95,000 £60,000 £80,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +58.33% -25.00% +18.52%
UK excluding London median annual salary £37,500 £60,000 £35,000
% change year-on-year -37.50% +71.43% -55.97%

MLlib is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 66,579 70,833 75,821
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.28% 40.32% 39.08%
Number of salaries quoted 55,141 58,605 65,746
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

MLlib
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing MLlib as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing MLlib.

Salary trend for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing MLlib over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Salary histogram for MLlib in the UK

MLlib
Top 8 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing MLlib within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +108 87 £95,000 +58.33% 5
London +85 46 £95,000 +58.33% 4
UK excluding London +42 41 £37,500 -37.50% 1
South East +17 29 - -
South West 0 9 £35,000 +32.08% 1
East of England +25 2 £42,500 -29.17%
North of England - 1 £47,500 -
Yorkshire - 1 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT jobs citing MLlib also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for MLlib.

1 82 (94.25%) Python
2 77 (88.51%) Machine Learning
3 74 (85.06%) Hadoop
4 67 (77.01%) Apache Hive
5 63 (72.41%) Deep Learning
5 63 (72.41%) TensorFlow
6 61 (70.11%) Apache Spark
7 57 (65.52%) Scala
8 54 (62.07%) Data Science
9 50 (57.47%) Java
10 45 (51.72%) Big Data
11 42 (48.28%) Analytics
12 39 (44.83%) Pandas
13 36 (41.38%) MapReduce
14 35 (40.23%) Tableau
14 35 (40.23%) Impala
15 34 (39.08%) scikit-learn
15 34 (39.08%) Data Visualisation
15 34 (39.08%) Visualisation
16 32 (36.78%) Kafka
16 32 (36.78%) Data Analysis
17 31 (35.63%) HDFS
18 30 (34.48%) Natural Language Processing
19 29 (33.33%) Hortonworks
19 29 (33.33%) Theano
20 28 (32.18%) Cloudera
21 27 (31.03%) Jenkins
21 27 (31.03%) Continuous Integration
21 27 (31.03%) Agile Software Development
21 27 (31.03%) Linux

MLlib
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (70.11%) Apache Spark
2 11 (12.64%) Apache Pig
3 10 (11.49%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (4.60%) SAS
5 3 (3.45%) nginx
6 2 (2.30%) Apache
6 2 (2.30%) Apache Solr
7 1 (1.15%) Confluence
7 1 (1.15%) Jupyter
Cloud Services
1 12 (13.79%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (10.34%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (8.05%) Amazon EMR
4 6 (6.90%) Amazon Kinesis
4 6 (6.90%) GitHub
5 2 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
5 2 (2.30%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (1.15%) CloudBees
6 1 (1.15%) PaaS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (85.06%) Hadoop
2 67 (77.01%) Apache Hive
3 45 (51.72%) Big Data
4 35 (40.23%) Impala
5 26 (29.89%) Data Warehouse
5 26 (29.89%) Sqoop
6 24 (27.59%) HBase
6 24 (27.59%) QlikView
7 23 (26.44%) Text Mining
8 18 (20.69%) PostgreSQL
9 8 (9.20%) NoSQL
10 7 (8.05%) Power BI
10 7 (8.05%) Spotfire
11 6 (6.90%) Amazon Athena
11 6 (6.90%) Amazon Redshift
11 6 (6.90%) BigQuery
11 6 (6.90%) Presto
12 4 (4.60%) Apache Zeppelin
13 3 (3.45%) Couchbase
13 3 (3.45%) Flink
Development Applications
1 27 (31.03%) Jenkins
2 26 (29.89%) Git (software)
2 26 (29.89%) TeamCity
3 8 (9.20%) JUnit
4 7 (8.05%) JIRA
5 3 (3.45%) RStudio
6 1 (1.15%) Selenium
6 1 (1.15%) SonarQube
General
1 11 (12.64%) Marketing
2 8 (9.20%) Finance
3 7 (8.05%) Retail
4 4 (4.60%) Banking
5 2 (2.30%) German Language
6 1 (1.15%) Aerospace
6 1 (1.15%) Law
Job Titles
1 43 (49.43%) Data Scientist
2 34 (39.08%) Data Engineer
2 34 (39.08%) Senior Data Scientist
3 33 (37.93%) Hadoop Engineer
4 27 (31.03%) Big Data Engineer
5 24 (27.59%) Senior Data Engineer
5 24 (27.59%) Senior Hadoop Engineer
6 23 (26.44%) Machine Learning Scientist
7 6 (6.90%) AWS Engineer
8 3 (3.45%) Developer
8 3 (3.45%) DevOps Engineer
8 3 (3.45%) Java Developer
8 3 (3.45%) Java Engineer
8 3 (3.45%) Senior Developer
8 3 (3.45%) Senior Java Developer
8 3 (3.45%) Senior Java Engineer
9 2 (2.30%) Junior
9 2 (2.30%) Junior Data Scientist
10 1 (1.15%) Analyst
10 1 (1.15%) Big Data Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (72.41%) TensorFlow
2 39 (44.83%) Pandas
3 34 (39.08%) scikit-learn
4 32 (36.78%) Kafka
5 30 (34.48%) Natural Language Processing
6 29 (33.33%) Theano
7 26 (29.89%) Keras
8 24 (27.59%) NumPy
8 24 (27.59%) PySpark
9 23 (26.44%) SciPy
10 5 (5.75%) MXNet
10 5 (5.75%) RHadoop
10 5 (5.75%) XGBoost
11 3 (3.45%) Spring
12 2 (2.30%) SparkR
13 1 (1.15%) D3.js
13 1 (1.15%) GraphX
13 1 (1.15%) Matplotlib
13 1 (1.15%) Regular Expression
13 1 (1.15%) Torch
Miscellaneous
1 20 (22.99%) Algorithms
2 18 (20.69%) User Experience
3 12 (13.79%) Computer Science
3 12 (13.79%) Self-Motivation
4 8 (9.20%) Analytical Skills
4 8 (9.20%) Greenfield Project
5 6 (6.90%) Clustering
6 5 (5.75%) Digital Media
7 3 (3.45%) Cyberthreat
8 1 (1.15%) Fintech
8 1 (1.15%) GPGPU
8 1 (1.15%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.15%) Social Media
8 1 (1.15%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 27 (31.03%) Linux
2 1 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (88.51%) Machine Learning
2 63 (72.41%) Deep Learning
3 54 (62.07%) Data Science
4 42 (48.28%) Analytics
5 36 (41.38%) MapReduce
6 34 (39.08%) Data Visualisation
6 34 (39.08%) Visualisation
7 32 (36.78%) Data Analysis
8 27 (31.03%) Agile Software Development
8 27 (31.03%) Continuous Integration
9 23 (26.44%) Artificial Intelligence
10 22 (25.29%) Cybersecurity
11 21 (24.14%) Data Engineering
12 18 (20.69%) Operations Research
12 18 (20.69%) Software Delivery
13 16 (18.39%) DevOps
14 14 (16.09%) Mathematics
15 12 (13.79%) Physics
16 9 (10.34%) Data Modelling
16 9 (10.34%) Statistics
Programming Languages
1 82 (94.25%) Python
2 57 (65.52%) Scala
3 50 (57.47%) Java
4 27 (31.03%) Shell Script
5 26 (29.89%) Go
6 25 (28.74%) SQL
7 20 (22.99%) R
8 11 (12.64%) C#
9 9 (10.34%) Ruby
10 8 (9.20%) C
10 8 (9.20%) C++
11 5 (5.75%) MATLAB
12 3 (3.45%) Bash Shell
13 1 (1.15%) HiveQL
Qualifications
1 14 (16.09%) Degree
2 13 (14.94%) PhD
3 3 (3.45%) DV Cleared
3 3 (3.45%) Numerate Degree
3 3 (3.45%) Security Cleared
4 2 (2.30%) Master's Degree
System Software
1 31 (35.63%) HDFS
2 26 (29.89%) Apache Flume
3 10 (11.49%) Docker
Systems Management
1 27 (31.03%) Hadoop YARN
2 3 (3.45%) Kibana
Vendors
1 35 (40.23%) Tableau
2 29 (33.33%) Hortonworks
3 28 (32.18%) Cloudera
4 7 (8.05%) Atlassian
5 5 (5.75%) MapR
5 5 (5.75%) Microsoft
6 2 (2.30%) Google
7 1 (1.15%) Alteryx
7 1 (1.15%) Databricks
7 1 (1.15%) Datameer
7 1 (1.15%) Informatica
7 1 (1.15%) Paxata
7 1 (1.15%) Splunk
7 1 (1.15%) Talend