Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > Wales
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 103 91 103
Rank change year-on-year -12 +12 -28
Contract jobs citing JPA 6 6 1
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 0.34% 0.49% 0.071%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.02% 1.62% 0.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 5 4 0
Wales median daily rate £400 £438 -
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.57% - -
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £400
% change year-on-year +11.11% +12.50% -3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Wales median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -22.22% +16.13% -13.89%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 590 370 434
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 33.87% 30.08% 30.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 417 259 321
Wales median daily rate £425 £400 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +21.43%
10th Percentile £313 £250 £300
90th Percentile £575 £555 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 1
Wales median hourly rate £24.50 £23.14 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +7.63% -14.85%
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in Wales

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in Wales

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in Wales over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in Wales

JPA
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the Wales region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -17 5 £438 +45.83% 6
North Wales 0 1 £388 -13.89%
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for JPA.

1 6 (100.00%) Java
2 4 (66.67%) Spring
2 4 (66.67%) Hibernate
3 3 (50.00%) jQuery
3 3 (50.00%) Microservices
3 3 (50.00%) MVC
3 3 (50.00%) Maven
3 3 (50.00%) OO
3 3 (50.00%) JUnit
3 3 (50.00%) SQL
3 3 (50.00%) J2EE
3 3 (50.00%) JSP
4 2 (33.33%) Web Services
4 2 (33.33%) CSS
4 2 (33.33%) UML
4 2 (33.33%) OOA/OOD
4 2 (33.33%) OOD
4 2 (33.33%) HTML
4 2 (33.33%) Configuration Management
4 2 (33.33%) Self-Motivation
4 2 (33.33%) SC Cleared
4 2 (33.33%) Security Cleared
4 2 (33.33%) TestNG
4 2 (33.33%) Git (software)
4 2 (33.33%) Static Code Analysis
4 2 (33.33%) AngularJS
4 2 (33.33%) Gradle
4 2 (33.33%) Requirements Management
4 2 (33.33%) Web Development
4 2 (33.33%) Java EE

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (16.67%) Tomcat
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (16.67%) Oracle Database
1 1 (16.67%) Oracle Database 12c
1 1 (16.67%) RDBMS
1 1 (16.67%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 3 (50.00%) JUnit
1 3 (50.00%) Maven
2 2 (33.33%) Git (software)
2 2 (33.33%) Gradle
2 2 (33.33%) TestNG
3 1 (16.67%) Ant
General
1 1 (16.67%) Banking
1 1 (16.67%) Investment Banking
1 1 (16.67%) Military
Job Titles
1 5 (83.33%) Developer
1 5 (83.33%) Java Developer
2 1 (16.67%) Consultant
2 1 (16.67%) J2EE Consultant
2 1 (16.67%) J2EE Developer
2 1 (16.67%) Java Consultant
2 1 (16.67%) Java/J2EE Developer
2 1 (16.67%) JSP Developer
2 1 (16.67%) SC Cleared Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (66.67%) Hibernate
1 4 (66.67%) Spring
2 3 (50.00%) J2EE
2 3 (50.00%) jQuery
2 3 (50.00%) JSP
3 2 (33.33%) AngularJS
3 2 (33.33%) CSS
3 2 (33.33%) HTML
3 2 (33.33%) Java EE
3 2 (33.33%) Web Services
4 1 (16.67%) EJB
4 1 (16.67%) JDBC
4 1 (16.67%) JSON
4 1 (16.67%) Spring Boot
4 1 (16.67%) Spring MVC
4 1 (16.67%) Spring Security
4 1 (16.67%) XML
4 1 (16.67%) XSD
4 1 (16.67%) XSL
Miscellaneous
1 2 (33.33%) Self-Motivation
Processes & Methodologies
1 3 (50.00%) Microservices
1 3 (50.00%) MVC
1 3 (50.00%) OO
2 2 (33.33%) Configuration Management
2 2 (33.33%) OOA/OOD
2 2 (33.33%) OOD
2 2 (33.33%) Requirements Management
2 2 (33.33%) Static Code Analysis
2 2 (33.33%) UML
2 2 (33.33%) Web Development
3 1 (16.67%) Customer Requirements
3 1 (16.67%) Requirements Analysis
3 1 (16.67%) Software Engineering
3 1 (16.67%) Stakeholder Engagement
3 1 (16.67%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 6 (100.00%) Java
2 3 (50.00%) SQL
3 1 (16.67%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 2 (33.33%) SC Cleared
1 2 (33.33%) Security Cleared
Vendors
1 1 (16.67%) Oracle