The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 28 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
3 months to
28 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 414 472 485
Rank change year-on-year +58 +13  
Contract jobs citing JPA 198 170 157
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.44% 0.32% 0.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.40% 1.13% 1.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 149 119 94
Median daily rate £438 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.06% +10.00%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £338 £319 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £399 £375
% change year-on-year +6.58% +6.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 2
Median hourly rate £37.50 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 - £45.00

JPA is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 14193 14997 14342
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.48% 27.99% 26.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 9846 10410 9296
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.22%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £563 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 183 223 192
Median hourly rate £42.50 £38.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.67% +10.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £13.00 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £60.62 £46.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +6.57% +5.55%  

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing JPA as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 3 months to 28 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JPA.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 28 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +77 185 £438 +9.37% 41
London +20 53 £476 +5.66% 12
East Midlands +18 31 £398 +32.50% 5
South East +25 27 £453 +17.53% 5
East of England +18 22 £490 +18.78% 4
South West -6 19 £435 +16.00% 10
Gloucestershire +14 15 £438 +16.66% 9
Essex +8 15 £475 +5.55% 2
West Midlands +21 10 £425 -
Yorkshire +11 10 £420 -6.66% 1
Northamptonshire +10 10 £338 +8.00% 1
West Yorkshire +8 10 £420 -6.66% 1
Leeds +5 9 £420 -6.66% 1
Northampton +3 9 £338 +12.03% 1
City of London -6 9 £625 +13.63% 3
Southend-on-Sea - 8 £489 -
Nottinghamshire - 8 £475 - 4
Oxfordshire - 8 £444 - 1
North West +29 7 £325 -18.75% 3
Worthing +20 7 £510 -
West Sussex +12 7 £510 - 1
Scotland +3 7 £375 -25.00% 1
Derbyshire -3 7 £363 +20.83%
Buckinghamshire - 7 £395 -
Milton Keynes - 7 £395 -
Birmingham +3 6 £450 -
Edinburgh +1 6 £375 -25.00% 1
Kidlington - 5 £438 -
Manchester +12 4 £325 -18.75% 1
Bedfordshire - 4 £525 - 2

JPA
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 319 (98.76%) Java
2 269 (83.28%) Spring
3 264 (81.73%) Hibernate
4 190 (58.82%) Agile Software Development
5 161 (49.85%) Web Services
6 153 (47.37%) Oracle
7 152 (47.06%) REST
8 131 (40.56%) SQL
8 131 (40.56%) TDD
9 121 (37.46%) Continuous Integration
10 116 (35.91%) J2EE
11 114 (35.29%) SOAP
12 110 (34.06%) JavaScript
12 110 (34.06%) XML
13 108 (33.44%) Java EE
13 108 (33.44%) Git (software)
14 99 (30.65%) JUnit
15 97 (30.03%) HTML
16 96 (29.72%) MVC
17 86 (26.63%) JSON
18 84 (26.01%) OO
19 83 (25.70%) Finance
20 80 (24.77%) Maven
20 80 (24.77%) Unit Testing
21 79 (24.46%) Jenkins
22 75 (23.22%) Scrum
23 74 (22.91%) CSS
24 72 (22.29%) AngularJS
25 71 (21.98%) Relational Database
25 71 (21.98%) JBoss

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (21.98%) JBoss
2 53 (16.41%) Tomcat
3 52 (16.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 51 (15.79%) WebLogic
5 23 (7.12%) WebSphere
6 22 (6.81%) Mule
7 17 (5.26%) Confluence
8 16 (4.95%) Mule ESB
9 9 (2.79%) Jetty
9 9 (2.79%) Oracle Coherence
10 8 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
10 8 (2.48%) GlassFish
11 7 (2.17%) Apache
11 7 (2.17%) Oracle Workflow
12 6 (1.86%) Apache Spark
12 6 (1.86%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (1.24%) Oracle Application Server
13 4 (1.24%) Oracle Spatial
13 4 (1.24%) WebSphere Process Server
14 3 (0.93%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 1 (0.31%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 26 (8.05%) Oracle BPM
2 15 (4.64%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 5 (1.55%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (1.55%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.93%) Unica
5 1 (0.31%) Global One
5 1 (0.31%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.31%) Loan IQ
5 1 (0.31%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.31%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 26 (8.05%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (4.02%) Amazon EC2
2 13 (4.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 9 (2.79%) PaaS
4 8 (2.48%) IaaS
5 6 (1.86%) Microsoft Azure
6 3 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (0.93%) OpenShift
6 3 (0.93%) Silverpop
7 2 (0.62%) Heroku
8 1 (0.31%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.31%) G Suite
8 1 (0.31%) Google App Engine
8 1 (0.31%) Google Cloud Platform
8 1 (0.31%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 17 (5.26%) HTTP
2 9 (2.79%) LDAP
3 4 (1.24%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.93%) SMTP
5 2 (0.62%) AMQP
5 2 (0.62%) Firewall
5 2 (0.62%) Network Security
5 2 (0.62%) SNMP
6 1 (0.31%) Internet
6 1 (0.31%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (21.98%) Relational Database
2 47 (14.55%) MongoDB
2 47 (14.55%) Oracle Database
3 42 (13.00%) MySQL
4 35 (10.84%) SQL Server
5 32 (9.91%) NoSQL
6 31 (9.60%) RDBMS
7 23 (7.12%) Oracle Database 11g
8 21 (6.50%) PostgreSQL
9 19 (5.88%) Oracle Database 10g
10 17 (5.26%) Oracle Database 12c
11 13 (4.02%) Redis
12 10 (3.10%) DB2
13 8 (2.48%) GIS
13 8 (2.48%) MariaDB
14 6 (1.86%) Endeca
15 5 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
15 5 (1.55%) Big Data
15 5 (1.55%) Hazelcast
16 4 (1.24%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 108 (33.44%) Git (software)
2 99 (30.65%) JUnit
3 80 (24.77%) Maven
4 79 (24.46%) Jenkins
5 50 (15.48%) JIRA
6 48 (14.86%) Subversion
7 43 (13.31%) Mockito
8 37 (11.46%) Eclipse
9 24 (7.43%) Gradle
10 20 (6.19%) IntelliJ
11 17 (5.26%) Hudson
12 16 (4.95%) Cucumber
13 14 (4.33%) Mercurial
14 13 (4.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 13 (4.02%) JProfiler
15 10 (3.10%) Ant
15 10 (3.10%) PHPUnit
15 10 (3.10%) Selenium
16 9 (2.79%) Build Forge
16 9 (2.79%) CruiseControl
General
1 83 (25.70%) Finance
2 51 (15.79%) Banking
3 20 (6.19%) Marketing
4 15 (4.64%) Electronics
4 15 (4.64%) Manufacturing
4 15 (4.64%) Telecoms
5 9 (2.79%) Investment Banking
5 9 (2.79%) Retail
6 7 (2.17%) Games
7 3 (0.93%) Front Office
8 2 (0.62%) Advertising
8 2 (0.62%) Law
8 2 (0.62%) Legal
8 2 (0.62%) Prime Brokerage
8 2 (0.62%) Publishing
8 2 (0.62%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.31%) Automotive
9 1 (0.31%) Back Office
9 1 (0.31%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 279 (86.38%) Developer
2 250 (77.40%) Java Developer
3 47 (14.55%) Senior Developer
4 39 (12.07%) Senior Java Developer
5 22 (6.81%) Architect
6 20 (6.19%) Agile Developer
6 20 (6.19%) Agile Java Developer
7 15 (4.64%) Solutions Architect
8 14 (4.33%) J2EE Developer
8 14 (4.33%) Java/J2EE Developer
9 13 (4.02%) Full Stack Developer
10 12 (3.72%) Integration Developer
11 11 (3.41%) Digital Developer
12 10 (3.10%) Java Engineer
12 10 (3.10%) PHP Developer
13 9 (2.79%) Java Architect
14 7 (2.17%) SC Cleared Java Developer
14 7 (2.17%) Team Leader
15 6 (1.86%) E-Commerce Architect
15 6 (1.86%) Endeca Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (83.28%) Spring
2 264 (81.73%) Hibernate
3 161 (49.85%) Web Services
4 152 (47.06%) REST
5 116 (35.91%) J2EE
6 114 (35.29%) SOAP
7 110 (34.06%) XML
8 108 (33.44%) Java EE
9 97 (30.03%) HTML
10 86 (26.63%) JSON
11 74 (22.91%) CSS
12 72 (22.29%) AngularJS
13 64 (19.81%) Spring Boot
14 58 (17.96%) JMS
14 58 (17.96%) Spring MVC
15 50 (15.48%) HTML5
15 50 (15.48%) RESTful
16 48 (14.86%) XSLT
17 43 (13.31%) EJB
18 40 (12.38%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 25 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
2 20 (6.19%) Enterprise Software
3 19 (5.88%) Computer Science
4 10 (3.10%) Data Structures
5 9 (2.79%) User Experience
6 7 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (1.86%) Algorithms
7 6 (1.86%) Derivative
8 5 (1.55%) Client/Server
9 4 (1.24%) Clustering
9 4 (1.24%) iPad
9 4 (1.24%) Mobile App
9 4 (1.24%) SWIFT
10 3 (0.93%) DataPower
11 2 (0.62%) Data Centre
11 2 (0.62%) Hedge funds
11 2 (0.62%) Replication
12 1 (0.31%) Fintech
12 1 (0.31%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.31%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 71 (21.98%) Linux
2 53 (16.41%) Unix
3 9 (2.79%) Mac OS X
4 7 (2.17%) Windows
5 5 (1.55%) Android
5 5 (1.55%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.93%) Solaris
7 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.31%) Oracle Linux
7 1 (0.31%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 190 (58.82%) Agile Software Development
2 131 (40.56%) TDD
3 121 (37.46%) Continuous Integration
4 96 (29.72%) MVC
5 84 (26.01%) OO
6 80 (24.77%) Unit Testing
7 75 (23.22%) Scrum
8 64 (19.81%) SOA
9 55 (17.03%) Software Engineering
10 52 (16.10%) SDLC
11 47 (14.55%) BDD
12 43 (13.31%) Data Modelling
13 32 (9.91%) UML
14 31 (9.60%) Integration Testing
15 30 (9.29%) Microservices
16 22 (6.81%) SOLID
17 21 (6.50%) Workflow
18 20 (6.19%) Web Development
19 19 (5.88%) Inversion of Control
19 19 (5.88%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 319 (98.76%) Java
2 131 (40.56%) SQL
3 110 (34.06%) JavaScript
4 48 (14.86%) PL/SQL
5 22 (6.81%) Python
6 18 (5.57%) Bash Shell
7 15 (4.64%) C
8 11 (3.41%) PHP
8 11 (3.41%) Shell Script
9 10 (3.10%) Scala
10 9 (2.79%) C#
10 9 (2.79%) Perl
11 7 (2.17%) Groovy
12 6 (1.86%) Assembly Language
13 5 (1.55%) ES6
13 5 (1.55%) PowerShell
14 4 (1.24%) VBA
15 2 (0.62%) C++
15 2 (0.62%) ECMAScript
15 2 (0.62%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 37 (11.46%) Security Cleared
2 19 (5.88%) Degree
3 18 (5.57%) SC Cleared
4 11 (3.41%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.86%) Sun Certification
6 3 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.93%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (3.10%) QA
2 1 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 6 (1.86%) Docker
2 2 (0.62%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.31%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 8 (2.48%) Ansible
2 5 (1.55%) Puppet
3 4 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.62%) Kubernetes
5 1 (0.31%) Business Desktop Deployment
5 1 (0.31%) Control-M
5 1 (0.31%) MOM
5 1 (0.31%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 153 (47.37%) Oracle
2 21 (6.50%) SAP
3 20 (6.19%) Red Hat
4 19 (5.88%) IBM
5 17 (5.26%) Perforce
6 10 (3.10%) Zend
7 9 (2.79%) TIBCO
8 7 (2.17%) Talend
9 6 (1.86%) hybris
10 5 (1.55%) Sybase
11 3 (0.93%) Adobe
11 3 (0.93%) Atlassian
11 3 (0.93%) Google
11 3 (0.93%) Kony
11 3 (0.93%) Microsoft
11 3 (0.93%) Pega
12 2 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
12 2 (0.62%) Splunk
12 2 (0.62%) Yahoo!
13 1 (0.31%) Apple
Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £380 - £440 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £380 - £440 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Bedfordshire
Montash
Rate: £550 - £595 per day + potentially negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
London
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Posted: 5 days ago