The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 26 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
3 months to
26 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 464 505 479
Rank change year-on-year +41 -26  
Contract jobs citing JPA 143 146 162
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.28% 0.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.95% 0.97% 1.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 104 101 109
Median daily rate £447 £450 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.66% +16.12%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £360 £340 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £421 £440 £375
% change year-on-year -4.43% +17.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 1
Median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% -10.00%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +45.83% -10.00%  

JPA is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 15051 15100 15398
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 32.01% 28.45% 27.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 10395 10636 10284
Median daily rate £425 £420 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +8.38%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £315 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £580 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 180 213
Median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.05% -3.87%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.00 £18.80 £17.86
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £50.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing JPA as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA over the 3 months to 26 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 3 months to 26 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 131 £450 - 46
London -18 43 £550 +22.22% 16
South West +24 23 £420 +8.38% 8
East of England +9 21 £472 +11.05% 7
Somerset - 16 £425 - 1
North West +36 14 £425 - 9
Essex -8 11 £447 - 4
South East +25 10 £500 - 1
City of London 0 10 £500 - 2
East Midlands -14 10 £405 +20.00%
Northern Ireland - 8 £413 -
County Antrim - 8 £413 -
Cheshire - 8 £405 - 2
West Sussex - 7 £525 -
Belfast - 7 £413 -
Southend-on-Sea - 7 £447 -
Bath - 7 £425 - 1
Worthing - 7 £525 -
Knutsford - 6 £394 - 1
Bedfordshire - 6 £525 - 1
Derbyshire -15 5 £425 +25.92%
Cambridge +4 4 - - 2
Cambridgeshire +2 4 - - 2
West Midlands - 4 £400 - 1
Manchester - 4 £469 - 5
Berkshire +22 3 £394 +8.55%
Scotland +20 3 £325 -7.14%
Yorkshire +11 3 £363 -19.44% 4
Gloucestershire +6 3 £420 +8.38% 5
Edinburgh +3 3 £325 -7.14%

For the 6 months to 26 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 335 (98.82%) Java
2 283 (83.48%) Spring
3 260 (76.70%) Hibernate
4 198 (58.41%) Agile Software Development
5 158 (46.61%) Web Services
6 154 (45.43%) Oracle
7 145 (42.77%) SQL
8 135 (39.82%) XML
9 134 (39.53%) REST
10 131 (38.64%) TDD
11 127 (37.46%) Continuous Integration
12 122 (35.99%) Git (software)
13 116 (34.22%) SOAP
14 115 (33.92%) Java EE
15 108 (31.86%) JavaScript
16 107 (31.56%) Jenkins
17 102 (30.09%) J2EE
18 100 (29.50%) Maven
19 97 (28.61%) MVC
20 96 (28.32%) JUnit
21 95 (28.02%) HTML
22 81 (23.89%) Scrum
23 80 (23.60%) Relational Database
24 79 (23.30%) Finance
25 77 (22.71%) JBoss
26 76 (22.42%) Linux
27 72 (21.24%) OO
27 72 (21.24%) JSON
28 71 (20.94%) Unit Testing
29 70 (20.65%) Test Automation

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (22.71%) JBoss
2 63 (18.58%) WebLogic
3 46 (13.57%) Tomcat
4 43 (12.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 34 (10.03%) WebSphere
6 22 (6.49%) Mule
7 21 (6.19%) Confluence
8 11 (3.24%) Apache
9 10 (2.95%) Mule ESB
10 9 (2.65%) GlassFish
10 9 (2.65%) Oracle Workflow
11 7 (2.06%) Jetty
11 7 (2.06%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (1.77%) Oracle Coherence
13 4 (1.18%) WebSphere Process Server
14 3 (0.88%) WebLogic Integration
14 3 (0.88%) WebLogic Portal
15 2 (0.59%) Oracle Application Server
15 2 (0.59%) Oracle Service Bus
15 2 (0.59%) WildFly
Business Applications
1 22 (6.49%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (3.83%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 9 (2.65%) SAP Hybris
4 6 (1.77%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (1.77%) Unica
5 2 (0.59%) Global One
5 2 (0.59%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.29%) Actimize
6 1 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.29%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 27 (7.96%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (2.65%) Amazon EC2
2 9 (2.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 6 (1.77%) PaaS
3 6 (1.77%) Silverpop
4 5 (1.47%) OpenShift
5 4 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
5 4 (1.18%) IaaS
6 3 (0.88%) Bluemix
6 3 (0.88%) IBM Cloud
6 3 (0.88%) Microsoft Azure
7 2 (0.59%) Heroku
8 1 (0.29%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.29%) Firebase
8 1 (0.29%) G Suite
8 1 (0.29%) GitHub
8 1 (0.29%) Google App Engine
8 1 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
8 1 (0.29%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 18 (5.31%) HTTP
2 17 (5.01%) LDAP
3 3 (0.88%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.59%) SMTP
5 1 (0.29%) CTI
5 1 (0.29%) Firewall
5 1 (0.29%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.29%) Internet
5 1 (0.29%) Intranet
5 1 (0.29%) Network Security
5 1 (0.29%) Skype
5 1 (0.29%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (23.60%) Relational Database
2 61 (17.99%) Oracle Database
3 40 (11.80%) MongoDB
4 39 (11.50%) MySQL
5 37 (10.91%) RDBMS
6 29 (8.55%) Oracle Database 11g
6 29 (8.55%) SQL Server
7 26 (7.67%) NoSQL
8 23 (6.78%) Oracle Database 10g
9 19 (5.60%) MariaDB
9 19 (5.60%) Oracle Database 12c
10 16 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
11 11 (3.24%) DB2
12 10 (2.95%) Endeca
13 6 (1.77%) Big Data
13 6 (1.77%) Redis
14 4 (1.18%) GIS
15 3 (0.88%) Hazelcast
16 2 (0.59%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
16 2 (0.59%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 122 (35.99%) Git (software)
2 107 (31.56%) Jenkins
3 100 (29.50%) Maven
4 96 (28.32%) JUnit
5 61 (17.99%) JIRA
6 59 (17.40%) Mockito
7 49 (14.45%) Subversion
8 42 (12.39%) Eclipse
9 31 (9.14%) Gradle
10 27 (7.96%) IntelliJ
11 25 (7.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 19 (5.60%) JProfiler
13 17 (5.01%) Selenium
13 17 (5.01%) SonarQube
14 16 (4.72%) Cucumber
15 13 (3.83%) Ant
16 12 (3.54%) Hudson
17 11 (3.24%) Mercurial
18 10 (2.95%) SoapUI
19 7 (2.06%) Talend Open Studio
General
1 79 (23.30%) Finance
2 55 (16.22%) Banking
3 21 (6.19%) Marketing
4 14 (4.13%) Retail
4 14 (4.13%) Telecoms
5 13 (3.83%) Electronics
5 13 (3.83%) Manufacturing
6 9 (2.65%) Investment Banking
7 7 (2.06%) Games
8 2 (0.59%) Legal
8 2 (0.59%) Multimedia
8 2 (0.59%) Prime Brokerage
8 2 (0.59%) Wholesale Banking
9 1 (0.29%) Automotive
9 1 (0.29%) Billing
9 1 (0.29%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.29%) Publishing
9 1 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 277 (81.71%) Developer
2 245 (72.27%) Java Developer
3 44 (12.98%) Senior Developer
4 33 (9.73%) Architect
4 33 (9.73%) Senior Java Developer
5 23 (6.78%) Java Engineer
6 22 (6.49%) Full Stack Developer
7 21 (6.19%) Solutions Architect
8 14 (4.13%) J2EE Developer
8 14 (4.13%) Java/J2EE Developer
9 13 (3.83%) Agile Developer
9 13 (3.83%) Agile Java Developer
10 12 (3.54%) Software Engineer
11 11 (3.24%) Digital Developer
11 11 (3.24%) E-Commerce Architect
11 11 (3.24%) Java Software Engineer
12 10 (2.95%) E-Commerce Solution Architect
12 10 (2.95%) Endeca Developer
12 10 (2.95%) Java Architect
13 9 (2.65%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 283 (83.48%) Spring
2 260 (76.70%) Hibernate
3 158 (46.61%) Web Services
4 135 (39.82%) XML
5 134 (39.53%) REST
6 116 (34.22%) SOAP
7 115 (33.92%) Java EE
8 102 (30.09%) J2EE
9 95 (28.02%) HTML
10 72 (21.24%) JSON
11 70 (20.65%) CSS
12 67 (19.76%) JMS
13 62 (18.29%) RESTful
14 60 (17.70%) Spring Boot
15 59 (17.40%) Spring MVC
16 56 (16.52%) AngularJS
17 50 (14.75%) EJB
18 47 (13.86%) XSLT
19 44 (12.98%) EclipseLink
20 38 (11.21%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 39 (11.50%) Enterprise Software
2 18 (5.31%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (5.01%) Computer Science
4 14 (4.13%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (4.13%) User Experience
5 10 (2.95%) Virtual Team
6 7 (2.06%) Data Structures
6 7 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 5 (1.47%) Client/Server
7 5 (1.47%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.18%) Clustering
9 3 (0.88%) Algorithms
9 3 (0.88%) DataPower
9 3 (0.88%) Derivative
9 3 (0.88%) iPad
10 2 (0.59%) Credit Risk
10 2 (0.59%) iSeries
10 2 (0.59%) Market Risk
10 2 (0.59%) Replication
11 1 (0.29%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 76 (22.42%) Linux
2 61 (17.99%) Unix
3 20 (5.90%) Mac OS X
4 8 (2.36%) Windows
5 6 (1.77%) Android
6 5 (1.47%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.88%) Solaris
8 1 (0.29%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.29%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (58.41%) Agile Software Development
2 131 (38.64%) TDD
3 127 (37.46%) Continuous Integration
4 97 (28.61%) MVC
5 81 (23.89%) Scrum
6 72 (21.24%) OO
7 71 (20.94%) Unit Testing
8 70 (20.65%) Test Automation
9 60 (17.70%) SOA
10 54 (15.93%) Microservices
11 53 (15.63%) SDLC
12 48 (14.16%) BDD
12 48 (14.16%) Data Modelling
13 45 (13.27%) Software Engineering
14 31 (9.14%) DevOps
15 28 (8.26%) Integration Testing
16 25 (7.37%) Workflow
17 24 (7.08%) Web Development
18 23 (6.78%) Event-Driven Architecture
19 22 (6.49%) UML
Programming Languages
1 335 (98.82%) Java
2 145 (42.77%) SQL
3 108 (31.86%) JavaScript
4 69 (20.35%) PL/SQL
5 19 (5.60%) Bash Shell
6 13 (3.83%) C++
6 13 (3.83%) Perl
6 13 (3.83%) Python
6 13 (3.83%) Shell Script
7 11 (3.24%) C
8 10 (2.95%) Assembly Language
8 10 (2.95%) Scala
9 9 (2.65%) TypeScript
10 7 (2.06%) Groovy
11 6 (1.77%) PHP
12 3 (0.88%) ES6
13 2 (0.59%) C#
13 2 (0.59%) Ruby
13 2 (0.59%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.59%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 34 (10.03%) Security Cleared
2 23 (6.78%) SC Cleared
3 12 (3.54%) Degree
4 7 (2.06%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.77%) Sun Certification
6 3 (0.88%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.59%) Computer Science Degree
8 1 (0.29%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.01%) QA
2 1 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.29%) FATCA
System Software
1 12 (3.54%) Docker
2 2 (0.59%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.29%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 11 (3.24%) Ansible
2 6 (1.77%) Puppet
3 4 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (0.88%) Control-M
5 2 (0.59%) BladeLogic
5 2 (0.59%) Kubernetes
5 2 (0.59%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.59%) OpenIDM
6 1 (0.29%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 1 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 154 (45.43%) Oracle
2 23 (6.78%) SAP
3 22 (6.49%) IBM
4 19 (5.60%) Perforce
5 16 (4.72%) Red Hat
6 10 (2.95%) hybris
7 7 (2.06%) Talend
8 6 (1.77%) Pega
8 6 (1.77%) Sybase
8 6 (1.77%) Zend
9 5 (1.47%) Luciad
10 4 (1.18%) Atlassian
10 4 (1.18%) Google
10 4 (1.18%) Microsoft
11 3 (0.88%) Kony
12 2 (0.59%) Adobe
12 2 (0.59%) ForgeRock
12 2 (0.59%) Salesforce.com
12 2 (0.59%) Sencha
12 2 (0.59%) Solace
Knutsford, Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £400 - 450 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Posted: 5 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 5 days ago
Chester, Cheshire
Icore Tech
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
Brentwood, Essex
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
East London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire
AMS contingency
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 18 days ago
Gloucestershire
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400 - £440 per day
Posted: 25 days ago