Period
to 1 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 1 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK
6 months to
1 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 529 635 530
Rank change year-on-year +106 -105 -7
Contract jobs citing JPA 81 218 384
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.18% 0.24% 0.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.58% 0.73% 1.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 61 154 297
Median daily rate £525 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £386 £363 £362
90th Percentile £638 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £528 £458 £425
% change year-on-year +15.30% +7.65% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,921 29,845 33,543
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.33% 32.65% 32.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,390 20,866 23,579
Median daily rate £500 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +8.57%
10th Percentile £330 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £646 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £443 £413
% change year-on-year +1.69% +7.27% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 314 340
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +0.56% +4.36%
10th Percentile £21.84 £18.24 £16.25
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £65.23
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% +4.94% +1.25%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JPA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JPA.

Daily rate trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JPA over the 6 months to 1 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JPA in the UK

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JPA.

Hourly rate trend for JPA in the UK

JPA
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the UK over the 6 months to 1 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +138 72 £525 +10.53% 4
London +129 43 £564 +17.19% 1
UK excluding London +87 31 £528 +15.30% 4
North of England +87 12 £463 -11.90%
Midlands +88 11 £525 +16.67% 1
West Midlands +76 11 £525 +16.67%
North East - 11 £456 -
Work from Home +18 9 £398 -14.05%
South West +48 3 £525 +6.33% 1
Scotland +28 3 £648 +51.46%
South East +109 2 £550 +37.50%
Yorkshire +54 1 £530 -0.47%

For the 6 months to 1 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JPA.

1 81 (100.00%) Java
2 67 (82.72%) Spring
3 52 (64.20%) REST
4 50 (61.73%) Hibernate
5 48 (59.26%) Agile Software Development
6 47 (58.02%) Jenkins
6 47 (58.02%) Spring Boot
7 46 (56.79%) Microservices
8 42 (51.85%) Java 8
9 41 (50.62%) JUnit
10 37 (45.68%) SQL
10 37 (45.68%) Maven
11 33 (40.74%) SOAP
12 31 (38.27%) Web Services
12 31 (38.27%) TDD
13 29 (35.80%) AWS
14 28 (34.57%) PostgreSQL
15 27 (33.33%) Security Cleared
16 25 (30.86%) Git (software)
16 25 (30.86%) BDD
16 25 (30.86%) Scrum
17 24 (29.63%) Docker
18 23 (28.40%) SC Cleared
19 21 (25.93%) RESTful
20 19 (23.46%) DevOps
21 18 (22.22%) SonarQube
21 18 (22.22%) Amazon EC2
21 18 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
21 18 (22.22%) J2EE
22 17 (20.99%) JavaScript

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (19.75%) Tomcat
2 11 (13.58%) JBoss
3 7 (8.64%) Confluence
4 6 (7.41%) CMS
4 6 (7.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 5 (6.17%) Apache
5 5 (6.17%) Red Hat Fuse
6 2 (2.47%) Apache Spark
6 2 (2.47%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.23%) Apache Solr
7 1 (1.23%) AquaLogic
7 1 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (1.23%) GeoServer
7 1 (1.23%) OpenStack
7 1 (1.23%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (1.23%) WebLogic
7 1 (1.23%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (3.70%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.23%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 29 (35.80%) AWS
2 18 (22.22%) Amazon EC2
3 12 (14.81%) Azure
4 11 (13.58%) PaaS
5 10 (12.35%) SaaS
6 8 (9.88%) Amazon SQS
7 5 (6.17%) OpenShift
8 4 (4.94%) IaaS
9 3 (3.70%) Amazon ELB
9 3 (3.70%) Apigee
10 2 (2.47%) GCP
11 1 (1.23%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (4.94%) Firewall
2 3 (3.70%) BIG-IP
2 3 (3.70%) NetScaler
2 3 (3.70%) VPN
3 2 (2.47%) HTTP
4 1 (1.23%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (34.57%) PostgreSQL
2 15 (18.52%) Amazon RDS
3 13 (16.05%) SQL Server
4 7 (8.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 3 (3.70%) Big Data
5 3 (3.70%) Oracle Database
6 2 (2.47%) Endeca
6 2 (2.47%) Hadoop
6 2 (2.47%) HBase
6 2 (2.47%) NoSQL
7 1 (1.23%) Amazon Aurora
7 1 (1.23%) Data Mining
7 1 (1.23%) GIS
7 1 (1.23%) MySQL
7 1 (1.23%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (1.23%) Oracle Database 11g
7 1 (1.23%) Oracle Database 12c
7 1 (1.23%) Relational Database
7 1 (1.23%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 47 (58.02%) Jenkins
2 41 (50.62%) JUnit
3 37 (45.68%) Maven
4 25 (30.86%) Git (software)
5 18 (22.22%) SonarQube
6 11 (13.58%) Mockito
7 10 (12.35%) Cucumber
7 10 (12.35%) Postman
8 9 (11.11%) Gradle
8 9 (11.11%) IntelliJ
8 9 (11.11%) Subversion
9 8 (9.88%) DbUnit
9 8 (9.88%) jMock
9 8 (9.88%) SoapUI
10 7 (8.64%) Ant
10 7 (8.64%) JIRA
10 7 (8.64%) Xcode
11 4 (4.94%) Eclipse
12 2 (2.47%) GitLab
12 2 (2.47%) JMeter
General
1 17 (20.99%) Finance
2 10 (12.35%) Banking
2 10 (12.35%) Public Sector
3 5 (6.17%) Marketing
4 3 (3.70%) Investment Banking
5 2 (2.47%) Retail
6 1 (1.23%) Advertising
6 1 (1.23%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 69 (85.19%) Developer
2 62 (76.54%) Java Developer
3 10 (12.35%) Applications Developer
4 9 (11.11%) Java Applications Developer
4 9 (11.11%) SC Cleared Java Developer
5 8 (9.88%) Full Stack Developer
6 7 (8.64%) Architect
6 7 (8.64%) AWS Developer
6 7 (8.64%) Java Mobile Developer
6 7 (8.64%) Senior Developer
6 7 (8.64%) Senior Java Developer
7 6 (7.41%) Backend Developer
7 6 (7.41%) Mobile Applications Developer
8 5 (6.17%) Solutions Architect
9 3 (3.70%) Java Architect
9 3 (3.70%) Mobile Solutions Architect
9 3 (3.70%) Python Developer
9 3 (3.70%) Web Applications Architect
9 3 (3.70%) Web Applications Developer
9 3 (3.70%) Web Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (82.72%) Spring
2 52 (64.20%) REST
3 50 (61.73%) Hibernate
4 47 (58.02%) Spring Boot
5 33 (40.74%) SOAP
6 31 (38.27%) Web Services
7 21 (25.93%) RESTful
8 18 (22.22%) J2EE
9 17 (20.99%) AngularJS
9 17 (20.99%) XML
10 16 (19.75%) Java EE
10 16 (19.75%) XSLT
11 13 (16.05%) React
11 13 (16.05%) Spring Cloud
12 12 (14.81%) Ajax
12 12 (14.81%) CSS
12 12 (14.81%) HTML
12 12 (14.81%) JSON
13 11 (13.58%) XSL
14 10 (12.35%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 14 (17.28%) Enterprise Software
2 8 (9.88%) Mobile App
3 5 (6.17%) Public Cloud
4 4 (4.94%) Algorithms
4 4 (4.94%) User Experience
5 3 (3.70%) DataPower
5 3 (3.70%) PKI
6 1 (1.23%) Analytical Skills
Operating Systems
1 7 (8.64%) Linux
2 4 (4.94%) Unix
3 2 (2.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (1.23%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (59.26%) Agile Software Development
2 46 (56.79%) Microservices
3 31 (38.27%) TDD
4 25 (30.86%) BDD
4 25 (30.86%) Scrum
5 19 (23.46%) DevOps
6 18 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
7 15 (18.52%) Kanban
7 15 (18.52%) Multithreading
8 12 (14.81%) Performance Testing
9 10 (12.35%) Open Source
10 9 (11.11%) BPMN
11 8 (9.88%) API Testing
11 8 (9.88%) OOP
11 8 (9.88%) Validation
12 7 (8.64%) Continuous Delivery
12 7 (8.64%) Migration
12 7 (8.64%) MVC
12 7 (8.64%) Progressive Web App
12 7 (8.64%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 81 (100.00%) Java
2 42 (51.85%) Java 8
3 37 (45.68%) SQL
4 17 (20.99%) JavaScript
5 14 (17.28%) Groovy
6 6 (7.41%) XPath
7 3 (3.70%) ES6
7 3 (3.70%) Python
7 3 (3.70%) VB
7 3 (3.70%) VBA
8 2 (2.47%) C
8 2 (2.47%) T-SQL
9 1 (1.23%) C++
9 1 (1.23%) Perl
9 1 (1.23%) PL/SQL
9 1 (1.23%) Ruby
9 1 (1.23%) Scala
9 1 (1.23%) Shell Script
9 1 (1.23%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 27 (33.33%) Security Cleared
2 23 (28.40%) SC Cleared
3 5 (6.17%) DV Cleared
4 2 (2.47%) Degree
5 1 (1.23%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (1.23%) HND
5 1 (1.23%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.70%) Data Quality
System Software
1 24 (29.63%) Docker
2 8 (9.88%) Postfix
3 4 (4.94%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 12 (14.81%) Kubernetes
2 3 (3.70%) CA Single Sign-On
2 3 (3.70%) Single Sign-On
3 2 (2.47%) Ansible
4 1 (1.23%) Kibana
4 1 (1.23%) logstash
4 1 (1.23%) Puppet
Vendors
1 14 (17.28%) Oracle
2 9 (11.11%) Microsoft
3 5 (6.17%) IBM
4 3 (3.70%) CA
4 3 (3.70%) Citrix
4 3 (3.70%) F5
5 2 (2.47%) Red Hat
6 1 (1.23%) Ariba
6 1 (1.23%) BEA
6 1 (1.23%) Cloudera
6 1 (1.23%) Google
6 1 (1.23%) Hortonworks
6 1 (1.23%) SAP