Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 139 145 187
Rank change year-on-year +6 +42 -13
Contract jobs citing LESS 60 32 20
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 1.18% 0.72% 0.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.91% 2.94% 1.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 34 25 13
West Midlands median daily rate £435 £325 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +33.85% -10.34% +34.26%
10th Percentile £329 £247 £233
90th Percentile £479 £488 £450
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
West Midlands median hourly rate - - -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.50 -
% change year-on-year +4.40% - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,536 1,090 1,571
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 30.22% 24.62% 25.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 938 708 993
West Midlands median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £299 £263 £250
90th Percentile £575 £575 £525
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 30 19
West Midlands median hourly rate £23.29 £27.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.33% +19.57% -19.83%
10th Percentile £11.00 £14.51 £11.50
90th Percentile £53.83 £39.58 £39.50
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.31% +9.59% -1.35%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the West Midlands

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the West Midlands

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the West Midlands

LESS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham +13 33 £400 +28.51% 2
Shropshire - 16 £450 - 1
Solihull - 6 £450 - 1
Coventry -17 3 £425 - 1
Staffordshire - 1 £350 - 2
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for LESS.

1 60 (100.00%) HTML
1 60 (100.00%) Sass
2 59 (98.33%) CSS
3 56 (93.33%) JavaScript
4 52 (86.67%) HTML5
5 41 (68.33%) AngularJS
6 37 (61.67%) React
7 33 (55.00%) KnockoutJS
8 32 (53.33%) jQuery
9 30 (50.00%) User Experience
10 29 (48.33%) CSS3
11 27 (45.00%) Docker
11 27 (45.00%) TDD
12 23 (38.33%) gulp
12 23 (38.33%) Front End Development
13 22 (36.67%) Angular 2
13 22 (36.67%) Java
14 21 (35.00%) Node.js
15 20 (33.33%) Git (software)
15 20 (33.33%) Durandal
15 20 (33.33%) Backbone.js
15 20 (33.33%) Ajax
15 20 (33.33%) Wireframes
16 19 (31.67%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
17 18 (30.00%) Agile Software Development
17 18 (30.00%) Photoshop
17 18 (30.00%) GIMP
18 16 (26.67%) RESTful
19 15 (25.00%) Scala
19 15 (25.00%) Play Framework

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (13.33%) Confluence
2 2 (3.33%) SharePoint
3 1 (1.67%) nginx
Applications
1 18 (30.00%) GIMP
1 18 (30.00%) Photoshop
Cloud Services
1 12 (20.00%) GitHub
1 12 (20.00%) Google Analytics
2 7 (11.67%) Slack
3 5 (8.33%) npm
4 3 (5.00%) Yarn
5 2 (3.33%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 7 (11.67%) Skype
2 1 (1.67%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (20.00%) MongoDB
2 2 (3.33%) Cosmos DB
2 2 (3.33%) MySQL
2 2 (3.33%) NoSQL
3 1 (1.67%) Blockchain
3 1 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
3 1 (1.67%) Redis
Development Applications
1 23 (38.33%) gulp
2 20 (33.33%) Git (software)
3 14 (23.33%) Cucumber
4 13 (21.67%) Selenium
5 12 (20.00%) IntelliJ
5 12 (20.00%) Jenkins
5 12 (20.00%) Sublime Text
5 12 (20.00%) Visual Studio Code
5 12 (20.00%) WebDriver
6 9 (15.00%) Jasmine
6 9 (15.00%) JIRA
6 9 (15.00%) webpack
7 8 (13.33%) Artifactory
7 8 (13.33%) Gatling
7 8 (13.33%) Grunt
8 7 (11.67%) Karma Test Runner
9 5 (8.33%) Mocha
10 4 (6.67%) PhantomJS
10 4 (6.67%) WebStorm
11 2 (3.33%) Bower
General
1 1 (1.67%) Automotive
1 1 (1.67%) Finance
1 1 (1.67%) Law
1 1 (1.67%) Marketing
1 1 (1.67%) Persian Language
1 1 (1.67%) Retail
Job Titles
1 59 (98.33%) Developer
2 24 (40.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 23 (38.33%) UI Developer
4 19 (31.67%) HTML Developer
5 18 (30.00%) HTML CSS Developer
6 17 (28.33%) JavaScript Developer
7 15 (25.00%) Angular Developer
8 13 (21.67%) Java Developer
9 11 (18.33%) Scala Developer
10 9 (15.00%) React Developer
11 4 (6.67%) Senior Developer
11 4 (6.67%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 3 (5.00%) Agile Developer
12 3 (5.00%) Backend Developer
12 3 (5.00%) Programmer
12 3 (5.00%) UI/UX Developer
12 3 (5.00%) UX Developer
13 2 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
13 2 (3.33%) Java Scala Developer
14 1 (1.67%) Digital Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (100.00%) HTML
1 60 (100.00%) Sass
2 59 (98.33%) CSS
3 52 (86.67%) HTML5
4 41 (68.33%) AngularJS
5 37 (61.67%) React
6 33 (55.00%) KnockoutJS
7 32 (53.33%) jQuery
8 29 (48.33%) CSS3
9 22 (36.67%) Angular 2
10 21 (35.00%) Node.js
11 20 (33.33%) Ajax
11 20 (33.33%) Backbone.js
11 20 (33.33%) Durandal
12 16 (26.67%) RESTful
13 15 (25.00%) Play Framework
13 15 (25.00%) Web Services
14 14 (23.33%) Gherkin
15 13 (21.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 12 (20.00%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 30 (50.00%) User Experience
2 1 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
2 1 (1.67%) Mobile App
2 1 (1.67%) NHS
2 1 (1.67%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 7 (11.67%) Mac OS
2 6 (10.00%) Linux
3 4 (6.67%) Mac OS X
3 4 (6.67%) Ubuntu
3 4 (6.67%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (45.00%) TDD
2 23 (38.33%) Front End Development
3 20 (33.33%) Wireframes
4 19 (31.67%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
5 18 (30.00%) Agile Software Development
6 14 (23.33%) Prototyping
7 13 (21.67%) Continuous Integration
7 13 (21.67%) Scrum
8 12 (20.00%) Analytics
8 12 (20.00%) Continuous Improvement
8 12 (20.00%) Test Automation
9 11 (18.33%) Microservices
10 10 (16.67%) DevOps
10 10 (16.67%) Service Delivery
11 8 (13.33%) MVC
12 7 (11.67%) Continuous Deployment
12 7 (11.67%) Domain-Driven Design
12 7 (11.67%) Pair Programming
12 7 (11.67%) Responsive Web Design
13 6 (10.00%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 56 (93.33%) JavaScript
2 22 (36.67%) Java
3 15 (25.00%) Scala
4 14 (23.33%) TypeScript
5 13 (21.67%) Ruby
6 8 (13.33%) Bash Shell
6 8 (13.33%) Groovy
7 6 (10.00%) ES6
8 5 (8.33%) CoffeeScript
8 5 (8.33%) ES7
8 5 (8.33%) PureScript
9 4 (6.67%) ES8
10 2 (3.33%) PHP
11 1 (1.67%) C#
11 1 (1.67%) Python
Qualifications
1 11 (18.33%) SC Cleared
1 11 (18.33%) Security Cleared
2 1 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
2 1 (1.67%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (11.67%) QA
2 2 (3.33%) WCAG
3 1 (1.67%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (1.67%) PMO
3 1 (1.67%) WAI
System Software
1 27 (45.00%) Docker
Systems Management
1 11 (18.33%) Grafana
1 11 (18.33%) Graphite
1 11 (18.33%) Kibana
2 4 (6.67%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 12 (20.00%) Google
2 8 (13.33%) Splunk
3 4 (6.67%) Microsoft
4 1 (1.67%) Atlassian
4 1 (1.67%) Zend