Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 167 164 190
Rank change year-on-year -3 +26 -18
Contract jobs citing LESS 42 27 24
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 0.81% 0.56% 0.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.72% 2.17% 1.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 23 16 17
West Midlands median daily rate £435 £388 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.26% +6.90% +11.54%
10th Percentile £325 £253 £260
90th Percentile £479 £481 £438
England median daily rate £438 £450 £400
% change year-on-year -2.78% +12.50% +6.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
West Midlands median hourly rate - - -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year +18.75% - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,545 1,242 1,530
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 29.98% 25.81% 25.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 930 823 941
West Midlands median daily rate £430 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £313 £260 £270
90th Percentile £575 £563 £525
England median daily rate £480 £470 £425
% change year-on-year +2.13% +10.59% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 38 14
West Midlands median hourly rate £48.50 £30.58 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +58.60% +39.00% -26.67%
10th Percentile £28.80 £14.31 £9.58
90th Percentile £62.31 £42.35 £35.41
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the West Midlands

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in the West Midlands

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in the West Midlands

LESS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Shropshire - 23 £450 -
Birmingham +6 10 £438 +25.00% 5
Solihull - 3 £425 - 1
West Bromwich - 2 £200 -
Staffordshire - 2 £350 - 1
Coventry -8 1 £400 -8.57% 2
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for LESS.

1 42 (100.00%) HTML
1 42 (100.00%) JavaScript
1 42 (100.00%) CSS
1 42 (100.00%) Sass
2 36 (85.71%) HTML5
3 26 (61.90%) gulp
4 25 (59.52%) Node.js
5 22 (52.38%) Git (software)
5 22 (52.38%) Scala
5 22 (52.38%) Play Framework
5 22 (52.38%) Docker
6 21 (50.00%) AngularJS
6 21 (50.00%) Gherkin
6 21 (50.00%) Cucumber
7 19 (45.24%) TDD
8 18 (42.86%) Ruby
8 18 (42.86%) Google
8 18 (42.86%) Scrum
8 18 (42.86%) Selenium
8 18 (42.86%) MongoDB
8 18 (42.86%) WebDriver
8 18 (42.86%) Test Automation
8 18 (42.86%) Microservices
9 17 (40.48%) React
9 17 (40.48%) Visual Studio Code
9 17 (40.48%) REST
9 17 (40.48%) jQuery
9 17 (40.48%) Continuous Integration
9 17 (40.48%) GitHub
9 17 (40.48%) Analytics

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (33.33%) Confluence
2 2 (4.76%) CMS
2 2 (4.76%) Joomla!
2 2 (4.76%) Umbraco
2 2 (4.76%) WordPress
3 1 (2.38%) nginx
Applications
1 4 (9.52%) GIMP
1 4 (9.52%) Photoshop
Cloud Services
1 17 (40.48%) GitHub
1 17 (40.48%) Google Analytics
2 11 (26.19%) Slack
3 1 (2.38%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 11 (26.19%) Skype
2 2 (4.76%) Extranet
2 2 (4.76%) Intranet
3 1 (2.38%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (42.86%) MongoDB
2 3 (7.14%) MySQL
3 1 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 26 (61.90%) gulp
2 22 (52.38%) Git (software)
3 21 (50.00%) Cucumber
4 18 (42.86%) Selenium
4 18 (42.86%) WebDriver
5 17 (40.48%) IntelliJ
5 17 (40.48%) Jenkins
5 17 (40.48%) Sublime Text
5 17 (40.48%) Visual Studio Code
6 14 (33.33%) Gatling
6 14 (33.33%) JIRA
7 13 (30.95%) Artifactory
8 7 (16.67%) Grunt
9 6 (14.29%) webpack
10 5 (11.90%) Jasmine
11 4 (9.52%) Karma Test Runner
11 4 (9.52%) Mocha
11 4 (9.52%) PhantomJS
11 4 (9.52%) WebStorm
12 2 (4.76%) Hudson
General
1 2 (4.76%) Marketing
2 1 (2.38%) Law
2 1 (2.38%) Retail
Job Titles
1 40 (95.24%) Developer
2 17 (40.48%) Scala Developer
3 13 (30.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 7 (16.67%) Angular Developer
5 6 (14.29%) Java Developer
5 6 (14.29%) UI Developer
6 5 (11.90%) HTML Developer
6 5 (11.90%) JavaScript Developer
7 4 (9.52%) Backend Developer
7 4 (9.52%) HTML CSS Developer
7 4 (9.52%) React Developer
8 3 (7.14%) Digital Developer
8 3 (7.14%) PHP Developer
8 3 (7.14%) Programmer
9 2 (4.76%) Agile Developer
9 2 (4.76%) Java Scala Developer
9 2 (4.76%) Lead Developer
9 2 (4.76%) Lead PHP Developer
9 2 (4.76%) Senior Developer
9 2 (4.76%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (100.00%) CSS
1 42 (100.00%) HTML
1 42 (100.00%) Sass
2 36 (85.71%) HTML5
3 25 (59.52%) Node.js
4 22 (52.38%) Play Framework
5 21 (50.00%) AngularJS
5 21 (50.00%) Gherkin
6 17 (40.48%) jQuery
6 17 (40.48%) React
6 17 (40.48%) REST
7 13 (30.95%) YAML
8 12 (28.57%) CSS3
9 10 (23.81%) KnockoutJS
10 9 (21.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 8 (19.05%) .NET
11 8 (19.05%) Ajax
11 8 (19.05%) Angular 2
12 6 (14.29%) Backbone.js
12 6 (14.29%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 13 (30.95%) User Experience
2 2 (4.76%) New Media
3 1 (2.38%) Mobile App
3 1 (2.38%) NHS
3 1 (2.38%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 11 (26.19%) Mac OS
2 5 (11.90%) Linux
3 4 (9.52%) Mac OS X
3 4 (9.52%) Ubuntu
3 4 (9.52%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (45.24%) TDD
2 18 (42.86%) Microservices
2 18 (42.86%) Scrum
2 18 (42.86%) Test Automation
3 17 (40.48%) Analytics
3 17 (40.48%) Continuous Integration
3 17 (40.48%) DevOps
3 17 (40.48%) Service Delivery
4 16 (38.10%) Prototyping
5 13 (30.95%) Front End Development
5 13 (30.95%) Pair Programming
6 12 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
7 11 (26.19%) Continuous Deployment
7 11 (26.19%) Domain-Driven Design
8 8 (19.05%) MVC
9 7 (16.67%) Continuous Improvement
10 6 (14.29%) Web Development
11 5 (11.90%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
11 5 (11.90%) Wireframes
12 4 (9.52%) Line Management
Programming Languages
1 42 (100.00%) JavaScript
2 22 (52.38%) Scala
3 18 (42.86%) Ruby
4 13 (30.95%) Groovy
5 11 (26.19%) Bash Shell
6 8 (19.05%) Java
7 5 (11.90%) CoffeeScript
7 5 (11.90%) TypeScript
8 3 (7.14%) ES6
8 3 (7.14%) PHP
9 2 (4.76%) ES7
9 2 (4.76%) PureScript
10 1 (2.38%) C#
10 1 (2.38%) ES8
Qualifications
1 3 (7.14%) SC Cleared
1 3 (7.14%) Security Cleared
2 1 (2.38%) BPSS Clearance
2 1 (2.38%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (26.19%) QA
2 2 (4.76%) WCAG
3 1 (2.38%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (2.38%) PMO
3 1 (2.38%) WAI
System Software
1 22 (52.38%) Docker
Systems Management
1 16 (38.10%) Grafana
1 16 (38.10%) Graphite
1 16 (38.10%) Kibana
2 2 (4.76%) cPanel
2 2 (4.76%) Plesk
3 1 (2.38%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 18 (42.86%) Google
2 13 (30.95%) Splunk
3 1 (2.38%) Microsoft