The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 24 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 338 443 444
Rank change year-on-year
+105 +1
Contract jobs citing LESS 319 194 164
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.63% 0.37% 0.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.10% 1.28% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 241 154 100
Median daily rate £400 £370 £355
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.10% +4.22%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £294 £278 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £468 £480
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
Median hourly rate - £22.06 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £17.50 -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15219 15108 14035
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 30.08% 28.51% 28.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 10644 10370 9071
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £305 £290 £270
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £530
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 187 261 198
Median hourly rate £40.00 £39.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.26% +12.85%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.92 £17.50 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £50.00 £49.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £39.25 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+1.91% +15.44%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 24 August 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 24 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +84 203 £425 +13.33% 60
South East +35 46 £350 -6.66% 19
Yorkshire +8 22 £425 +26.86% 13
East Midlands +15 21 £420 +31.76% 10
West Midlands -26 12 £369 +47.50% 5
North East -25 7 £350 +7.69% 1
South West +9 4 £388 +10.71% 5
North West +18 3 £320 - 20
East of England -6 1 £425 +20.39% 4
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 24 August 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 564 (97.24%) CSS
2 542 (93.45%) JavaScript
3 536 (92.41%) HTML
4 457 (78.79%) Sass
5 422 (72.76%) HTML5
6 383 (66.03%) AngularJS
7 365 (62.93%) CSS3
8 306 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
9 270 (46.55%) Front End Development
10 233 (40.17%) jQuery
11 205 (35.34%) Node.js
12 196 (33.79%) Git (software)
13 178 (30.69%) Grunt
13 178 (30.69%) React
14 161 (27.76%) Web Development
15 157 (27.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 150 (25.86%) User Experience
17 141 (24.31%) TDD
18 118 (20.34%) gulp
19 111 (19.14%) Responsive Web Design
19 111 (19.14%) MVC
20 99 (17.07%) Backbone.js
21 98 (16.90%) Scrum
22 96 (16.55%) PHP
23 81 (13.97%) RESTful
24 80 (13.79%) .NET
24 80 (13.79%) OO
25 76 (13.10%) Java
26 73 (12.59%) BDD
27 72 (12.41%) C#

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (10.17%) CMS
2 24 (4.14%) Confluence
3 22 (3.79%) WordPress
4 19 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.38%) EPiServer CMS
5 8 (1.38%) Sitecore CMS
6 7 (1.21%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.03%) Apache
7 6 (1.03%) IIS
8 5 (0.86%) Umbraco
9 4 (0.69%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.52%) ColdFusion
10 3 (0.52%) Mule
10 3 (0.52%) nginx
10 3 (0.52%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.52%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.34%) Drupal
11 2 (0.34%) Moodle
12 1 (0.17%) ExpressionEngine
Applications
1 60 (10.34%) Photoshop
2 14 (2.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 11 (1.90%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.86%) GIMP
4 5 (0.86%) InDesign
5 4 (0.69%) MS Excel
6 1 (0.17%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.17%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.69%) Magento
2 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 15 (2.59%) GitHub
2 14 (2.41%) Amazon AWS
3 8 (1.38%) SaaS
4 7 (1.21%) Google Analytics
5 5 (0.86%) Heroku
5 5 (0.86%) Microsoft Azure
6 4 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
6 4 (0.69%) Amazon S3
6 4 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
6 4 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
6 4 (0.69%) CloudFront
7 3 (0.52%) Google Tag Manager
7 3 (0.52%) Route 53
8 2 (0.34%) Office 365
9 1 (0.17%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.17%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.17%) AWS OpsWorks
9 1 (0.17%) IaaS
9 1 (0.17%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.55%) Internet
2 8 (1.38%) HTTP
3 4 (0.69%) Network Security
4 2 (0.34%) DNS
4 2 (0.34%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.17%) DHCP
5 1 (0.17%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (10.00%) MongoDB
2 54 (9.31%) MySQL
3 48 (8.28%) SQL Server
4 20 (3.45%) NoSQL
5 17 (2.93%) CouchDB
6 10 (1.72%) Relational Database
7 9 (1.55%) Redis
8 7 (1.21%) DB2
9 6 (1.03%) SQL Server 2008
10 4 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (0.69%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.34%) Big Data
12 1 (0.17%) Hadoop
12 1 (0.17%) Hazelcast
12 1 (0.17%) PostgreSQL
12 1 (0.17%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 196 (33.79%) Git (software)
2 178 (30.69%) Grunt
3 118 (20.34%) gulp
4 67 (11.55%) Jasmine
5 42 (7.24%) Bower
5 42 (7.24%) Jenkins
6 41 (7.07%) Karma Test Runner
7 34 (5.86%) JIRA
8 25 (4.31%) Cucumber
8 25 (4.31%) Subversion
9 24 (4.14%) Protractor
10 23 (3.97%) Mocha
11 21 (3.62%) WebDriver
12 15 (2.59%) Visual Studio
13 13 (2.24%) QUnit
13 13 (2.24%) webpack
14 12 (2.07%) Selenium
15 11 (1.90%) TeamCity
16 10 (1.72%) Team Foundation Server
16 10 (1.72%) Vagrant
General
1 61 (10.52%) Finance
2 34 (5.86%) Banking
3 24 (4.14%) Games
4 19 (3.28%) Advertising
4 19 (3.28%) Retail
5 18 (3.10%) Marketing
6 13 (2.24%) Investment Banking
7 7 (1.21%) Front Office
8 6 (1.03%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.86%) Publishing
9 5 (0.86%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.34%) Interactive Media
12 1 (0.17%) Automotive
12 1 (0.17%) Law
12 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 556 (95.86%) Developer
2 270 (46.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 163 (28.10%) JavaScript Developer
4 77 (13.28%) Senior Developer
5 73 (12.59%) Angular Developer
6 66 (11.38%) Web Developer
7 58 (10.00%) UI Developer
8 48 (8.28%) HTML Developer
9 39 (6.72%) HTML CSS Developer
9 39 (6.72%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 36 (6.21%) Node.js Developer
11 30 (5.17%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 26 (4.48%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 26 (4.48%) UX Developer
13 24 (4.14%) Full Stack Developer
13 24 (4.14%) Java Developer
14 23 (3.97%) PHP Developer
15 18 (3.10%) Agile Developer
16 15 (2.59%) Software Developer
17 14 (2.41%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 564 (97.24%) CSS
2 536 (92.41%) HTML
3 457 (78.79%) Sass
4 422 (72.76%) HTML5
5 383 (66.03%) AngularJS
6 365 (62.93%) CSS3
7 233 (40.17%) jQuery
8 205 (35.34%) Node.js
9 178 (30.69%) React
10 157 (27.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 99 (17.07%) Backbone.js
12 81 (13.97%) RESTful
13 80 (13.79%) .NET
14 69 (11.90%) Ajax
15 58 (10.00%) Web Services
16 46 (7.93%) JSON
17 44 (7.59%) ASP.NET
17 44 (7.59%) KnockoutJS
18 40 (6.90%) Ember.js
19 38 (6.55%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 150 (25.86%) User Experience
2 50 (8.62%) Mobile App
3 23 (3.97%) Fintech
4 12 (2.07%) Visualisation
5 10 (1.72%) Digital Media
6 9 (1.55%) iPad
7 8 (1.38%) Equities
8 7 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (1.21%) Hedge funds
8 7 (1.21%) W3C
9 6 (1.03%) Animation
9 6 (1.03%) Fixed Income
9 6 (1.03%) Online Games
9 6 (1.03%) Social Media
10 5 (0.86%) Computer Science
10 5 (0.86%) Data Centre
10 5 (0.86%) Internet of Things
10 5 (0.86%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.52%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.52%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 37 (6.38%) Linux
2 28 (4.83%) Windows
3 6 (1.03%) Android
3 6 (1.03%) Unix
4 5 (0.86%) Windows Server
4 5 (0.86%) Windows Server 2008
4 5 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
5 4 (0.69%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.34%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 306 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
2 270 (46.55%) Front End Development
3 161 (27.76%) Web Development
4 141 (24.31%) TDD
5 111 (19.14%) MVC
5 111 (19.14%) Responsive Web Design
6 98 (16.90%) Scrum
7 80 (13.79%) OO
8 73 (12.59%) BDD
9 63 (10.86%) Continuous Integration
10 51 (8.79%) OOP
11 42 (7.24%) Web Design
12 41 (7.07%) Automated Testing
13 37 (6.38%) Software Engineering
14 33 (5.69%) E-Commerce
15 27 (4.66%) Pair Programming
15 27 (4.66%) Unit Testing
15 27 (4.66%) Wireframes
16 25 (4.31%) User Stories
17 24 (4.14%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 542 (93.45%) JavaScript
2 96 (16.55%) PHP
3 76 (13.10%) Java
4 72 (12.41%) C#
5 59 (10.17%) ES6
6 20 (3.45%) SQL
7 17 (2.93%) ECMAScript
8 14 (2.41%) TypeScript
9 9 (1.55%) C
10 6 (1.03%) PHP 5
11 5 (0.86%) Python
11 5 (0.86%) Ruby
12 3 (0.52%) Bash Shell
12 3 (0.52%) Clojure
12 3 (0.52%) Haskell
13 2 (0.34%) ActionScript
13 2 (0.34%) ActionScript 3.0
13 2 (0.34%) CoffeeScript
13 2 (0.34%) PL/SQL
14 1 (0.17%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 20 (3.45%) Security Cleared
2 15 (2.59%) SC Cleared
3 9 (1.55%) Degree
4 2 (0.34%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.45%) WAI
2 6 (1.03%) QA
2 6 (1.03%) WCAG
3 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 17 (2.93%) Docker
2 2 (0.34%) Varnish
3 1 (0.17%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (0.69%) Puppet
2 1 (0.17%) Ansible
2 1 (0.17%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 37 (6.38%) Adobe
2 22 (3.79%) Microsoft
3 18 (3.10%) Zend
4 12 (2.07%) Oracle
5 11 (1.90%) IBM
6 9 (1.55%) Google
7 8 (1.38%) EPiServer
7 8 (1.38%) Sitecore
8 6 (1.03%) hybris
9 4 (0.69%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.69%) SAP
10 2 (0.34%) CA
10 2 (0.34%) FatWire
10 2 (0.34%) Infragistics
10 2 (0.34%) Omniture
10 2 (0.34%) Rally
10 2 (0.34%) Syncfusion
10 2 (0.34%) Twitter
11 1 (0.17%) Atlassian
11 1 (0.17%) Brightcove
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