The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 11 December 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
11 Dec 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 375 397 458
Rank change year-on-year
+22 +61
Contract jobs citing LESS 244 245 161
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.53% 0.49% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.71% 1.66% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 193 188 126
Median daily rate £400 £373 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.38% -0.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £265 £294
10% offered a daily rate of more than £512 £550 £465
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+8.57% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 1
Median hourly rate - £24.23 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -29.76%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £45.00 -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14232 14747 13937
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 31.04% 29.32% 27.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 9889 10332 9670
Median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.03% +3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 135 236 163
Median hourly rate £40.00 £36.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+9.58% +4.28%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.40 £15.00 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 11 December 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 11 December 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 156 £415 +10.66% 77
South East +17 33 £415 +10.66% 17
Yorkshire +27 15 £335 -4.28% 16
South West +9 10 £288 -8.73% 8
West Midlands -5 10 £349 +2.57% 13
East Midlands +7 8 £310 -31.11% 11
North West +11 7 £325 -9.09% 25
East of England -8 5 £300 -14.28% 9
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 11 December 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 550 (96.66%) CSS
2 512 (89.98%) HTML
3 498 (87.52%) JavaScript
4 471 (82.78%) Sass
5 383 (67.31%) HTML5
6 373 (65.55%) CSS3
7 312 (54.83%) AngularJS
8 309 (54.31%) Agile Software Development
9 293 (51.49%) Front End Development
10 217 (38.14%) jQuery
11 202 (35.50%) Git (software)
12 199 (34.97%) Grunt
13 178 (31.28%) Node.js
14 166 (29.17%) React
15 158 (27.77%) TDD
16 154 (27.07%) Web Development
17 126 (22.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 126 (22.14%) Responsive Web Design
18 118 (20.74%) gulp
19 117 (20.56%) User Experience
20 111 (19.51%) MVC
21 104 (18.28%) C#
22 102 (17.93%) RESTful
23 101 (17.75%) .NET
24 94 (16.52%) OO
25 92 (16.17%) Scrum
26 91 (15.99%) BDD
27 90 (15.82%) Jasmine
28 87 (15.29%) Continuous Integration
29 82 (14.41%) Backbone.js

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (6.68%) CMS
2 36 (6.33%) Confluence
3 16 (2.81%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (2.11%) WordPress
5 6 (1.05%) Sitecore CMS
6 5 (0.88%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.70%) EPiServer CMS
7 4 (0.70%) IIS
7 4 (0.70%) WebLogic
8 3 (0.53%) Apache
8 3 (0.53%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.35%) Drupal
9 2 (0.35%) JBoss
9 2 (0.35%) Moodle
9 2 (0.35%) nginx
9 2 (0.35%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.18%) Documentum
10 1 (0.18%) ExpressionEngine
10 1 (0.18%) Orchard CMS
10 1 (0.18%) Umbraco
Applications
1 59 (10.37%) Photoshop
2 13 (2.28%) Pixelmator
3 12 (2.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 7 (1.23%) GIMP
5 4 (0.70%) MS Excel
6 2 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.18%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.18%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 9 (1.58%) Magento
2 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 22 (3.87%) SaaS
2 20 (3.51%) Amazon AWS
2 20 (3.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (2.64%) PaaS
4 12 (2.11%) GitHub
4 12 (2.11%) IaaS
5 11 (1.93%) Amazon Kinesis
5 11 (1.93%) AWS CloudFormation
5 11 (1.93%) AWS Lambda
6 4 (0.70%) Google Analytics
6 4 (0.70%) Heroku
7 3 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (0.53%) CloudFront
7 3 (0.53%) Google Tag Manager
7 3 (0.53%) Office 365
8 2 (0.35%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.35%) Route 53
9 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 1 (0.18%) AWS OpsWorks
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.16%) HTTP
2 9 (1.58%) DNS
3 8 (1.41%) SSL
4 7 (1.23%) Internet
5 5 (0.88%) Network Security
6 2 (0.35%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.18%) LDAP
7 1 (0.18%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (5.98%) SQL Server
2 27 (4.75%) MySQL
3 11 (1.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 11 (1.93%) MongoDB
4 9 (1.58%) NoSQL
5 6 (1.05%) SQL Server 2008
6 5 (0.88%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.35%) CouchDB
7 2 (0.35%) DB2
7 2 (0.35%) Redis
8 1 (0.18%) Big Data
8 1 (0.18%) BusinessObjects
8 1 (0.18%) Hadoop
8 1 (0.18%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 202 (35.50%) Git (software)
2 199 (34.97%) Grunt
3 118 (20.74%) gulp
4 90 (15.82%) Jasmine
5 56 (9.84%) Bower
6 51 (8.96%) JIRA
7 46 (8.08%) Karma Test Runner
8 41 (7.21%) Jenkins
9 32 (5.62%) Team Foundation Server
10 31 (5.45%) webpack
11 29 (5.10%) Cucumber
11 29 (5.10%) Protractor
12 28 (4.92%) Mocha
13 25 (4.39%) Subversion
14 24 (4.22%) NuGet
15 23 (4.04%) Octopus Deploy
15 23 (4.04%) WebDriver
16 22 (3.87%) Selenium
17 18 (3.16%) QUnit
18 16 (2.81%) Visual Studio
General
1 58 (10.19%) Finance
2 42 (7.38%) Banking
3 25 (4.39%) Retail
4 16 (2.81%) Investment Banking
5 14 (2.46%) Advertising
6 13 (2.28%) Marketing
7 10 (1.76%) Games
8 8 (1.41%) Front Office
9 6 (1.05%) Back Office
9 6 (1.05%) Publishing
10 5 (0.88%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.70%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.35%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.18%) Arabic Language
13 1 (0.18%) Automotive
13 1 (0.18%) Electronics
13 1 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 539 (94.73%) Developer
2 304 (53.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 141 (24.78%) JavaScript Developer
4 75 (13.18%) Senior Developer
5 71 (12.48%) Web Developer
6 70 (12.30%) HTML Developer
7 66 (11.60%) Angular Developer
8 55 (9.67%) HTML CSS Developer
9 51 (8.96%) UI Developer
10 41 (7.21%) .NET Developer
11 36 (6.33%) Full Stack Developer
11 36 (6.33%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 31 (5.45%) C# Developer
13 30 (5.27%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 28 (4.92%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 21 (3.69%) Agile Developer
16 20 (3.51%) C# .NET Developer
17 18 (3.16%) Node.js Developer
18 13 (2.28%) C# Web Developer
19 12 (2.11%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 550 (96.66%) CSS
2 512 (89.98%) HTML
3 471 (82.78%) Sass
4 383 (67.31%) HTML5
5 373 (65.55%) CSS3
6 312 (54.83%) AngularJS
7 217 (38.14%) jQuery
8 178 (31.28%) Node.js
9 166 (29.17%) React
10 126 (22.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 102 (17.93%) RESTful
12 101 (17.75%) .NET
13 82 (14.41%) Backbone.js
14 74 (13.01%) Ajax
15 67 (11.78%) KnockoutJS
16 62 (10.90%) Web Services
17 53 (9.31%) ASP.NET
18 51 (8.96%) JSON
19 49 (8.61%) ASP.NET Web API
20 45 (7.91%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 117 (20.56%) User Experience
2 12 (2.11%) Mobile App
3 11 (1.93%) Graphic Design
3 11 (1.93%) Social Media
4 10 (1.76%) Digital Media
5 9 (1.58%) W3C
6 7 (1.23%) Management Information System
7 6 (1.05%) Animation
7 6 (1.05%) Equities
7 6 (1.05%) Hedge funds
7 6 (1.05%) Visualisation
8 5 (0.88%) Fintech
8 5 (0.88%) Fixed Income
8 5 (0.88%) Internet of Things
8 5 (0.88%) Video on Demand
9 4 (0.70%) Computer Science
10 3 (0.53%) Data Centre
10 3 (0.53%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.53%) iPad
10 3 (0.53%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 19 (3.34%) Linux
2 17 (2.99%) Windows
3 6 (1.05%) Windows Server
3 6 (1.05%) Windows Server 2008
3 6 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
4 5 (0.88%) Android
4 5 (0.88%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.53%) Unix
6 1 (0.18%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 309 (54.31%) Agile Software Development
2 293 (51.49%) Front End Development
3 158 (27.77%) TDD
4 154 (27.07%) Web Development
5 126 (22.14%) Responsive Web Design
6 111 (19.51%) MVC
7 94 (16.52%) OO
8 92 (16.17%) Scrum
9 91 (15.99%) BDD
10 87 (15.29%) Continuous Integration
11 56 (9.84%) E-Commerce
12 53 (9.31%) OOP
13 52 (9.14%) Kanban
14 42 (7.38%) Software Engineering
15 40 (7.03%) Wireframes
16 39 (6.85%) Web Design
17 38 (6.68%) Continuous Deployment
18 35 (6.15%) Pair Programming
19 33 (5.80%) Unit Testing
19 33 (5.80%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 498 (87.52%) JavaScript
2 104 (18.28%) C#
3 74 (13.01%) PHP
4 63 (11.07%) ES6
5 48 (8.44%) Java
6 38 (6.68%) TypeScript
7 17 (2.99%) SQL
8 16 (2.81%) Python
9 11 (1.93%) Ruby
10 7 (1.23%) ECMAScript
11 3 (0.53%) Bash Shell
11 3 (0.53%) C
11 3 (0.53%) PL/SQL
11 3 (0.53%) Scala
12 2 (0.35%) ActionScript
12 2 (0.35%) ActionScript 3.0
13 1 (0.18%) Haskell
13 1 (0.18%) Jython
13 1 (0.18%) Lisp
13 1 (0.18%) Perl
Qualifications
1 33 (5.80%) Security Cleared
2 25 (4.39%) SC Cleared
3 13 (2.28%) Degree
4 3 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.35%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.51%) WAI
2 9 (1.58%) WCAG
3 6 (1.05%) QA
4 3 (0.53%) SDET
5 2 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 19 (3.34%) Docker
Systems Management
1 1 (0.18%) Ansible
1 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 37 (6.50%) Adobe
2 26 (4.57%) Microsoft
3 15 (2.64%) Zend
4 7 (1.23%) Oracle
5 6 (1.05%) Google
5 6 (1.05%) Sitecore
6 5 (0.88%) EPiServer
6 5 (0.88%) hybris
7 3 (0.53%) Atlassian
7 3 (0.53%) Brightcove
8 2 (0.35%) Cisco
8 2 (0.35%) IBM
8 2 (0.35%) Perforce
9 1 (0.18%) EMC
9 1 (0.18%) FatWire
9 1 (0.18%) Infragistics
9 1 (0.18%) SAP
9 1 (0.18%) Siebel
9 1 (0.18%) Sybase
9 1 (0.18%) TOWER Software
Bristol, Avon
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Arrows Group
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Arrows Group
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Reading
Vivid Resourcing
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
onezeero.
Rate: £325 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Bristol
Vivid Resourcing
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Salt
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £601 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Bath, Avon
Informatiq Consulting
Rate: £240 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Bath, Avon
Informatiq Consulting
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Candour Solutions
Rate: Excellent daily rate
Posted: 5 days ago
London
CPS Group Limited
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 20 days ago