The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 29 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
29 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 367 435 462
Rank change year-on-year
+68 +27
Contract jobs citing LESS 278 186 126
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.56% 0.37% 0.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.95% 1.31% 0.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 206 138 85
Median daily rate £400 £350 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -3.44%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £225 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £475 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+21.42% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14288 14202 13460
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 29.02% 27.92% 28.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 10187 9700 8897
Median daily rate £425 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+9.67% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £570 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 173 200 194
Median hourly rate £36.00 £37.45 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-3.87% +7.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.80 £17.50 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.65 £55.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-12.50% +14.28%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 29 June 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 29 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +79 193 £400 +14.28% 49
Yorkshire +29 35 £450 +38.46% 11
South East +8 24 £363 -3.33% 9
East of England +13 7 £450 +24.13% 3
South West -10 5 £275 -21.42% 5
West Midlands -24 5 £350 +18.64% 6
North East -56 4 £350 +7.69%
East Midlands -6 3 £400 +14.28% 3
North West -16 2 £323 -11.03% 11
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 535 (96.05%) CSS
2 521 (93.54%) JavaScript
3 501 (89.95%) HTML
4 459 (82.41%) Sass
5 418 (75.04%) HTML5
6 365 (65.53%) AngularJS
7 342 (61.40%) CSS3
8 281 (50.45%) Agile Software Development
9 238 (42.73%) jQuery
10 231 (41.47%) Front End Development
11 206 (36.98%) Node.js
12 190 (34.11%) React
13 183 (32.85%) Git (software)
14 165 (29.62%) User Experience
15 160 (28.73%) Web Development
16 152 (27.29%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 150 (26.93%) Grunt
18 138 (24.78%) TDD
19 130 (23.34%) Backbone.js
20 115 (20.65%) gulp
21 110 (19.75%) Responsive Web Design
22 104 (18.67%) MVC
23 84 (15.08%) PHP
24 83 (14.90%) Scrum
25 81 (14.54%) Java
26 80 (14.36%) Ajax
27 76 (13.64%) .NET
28 74 (13.29%) OO
29 71 (12.75%) Web Services
30 70 (12.57%) RESTful

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (8.62%) CMS
2 24 (4.31%) WordPress
3 12 (2.15%) Confluence
4 7 (1.26%) EPiServer CMS
4 7 (1.26%) IIS
4 7 (1.26%) Umbraco
4 7 (1.26%) WebSphere
5 6 (1.08%) Drupal
5 6 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (1.08%) Sitecore CMS
6 5 (0.90%) Apache
6 5 (0.90%) ColdFusion
6 5 (0.90%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.72%) Joomla!
7 4 (0.72%) NServiceBus
8 3 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.54%) Alfresco
8 3 (0.54%) Mule
9 2 (0.36%) nginx
9 2 (0.36%) SharePoint
Applications
1 50 (8.98%) Photoshop
2 18 (3.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 13 (2.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 6 (1.08%) GIMP
5 5 (0.90%) InDesign
6 3 (0.54%) Fireworks
6 3 (0.54%) MS Excel
7 1 (0.18%) MS Office
7 1 (0.18%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 9 (1.62%) Magento
2 2 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 17 (3.05%) GitHub
2 10 (1.80%) Amazon AWS
3 7 (1.26%) Microsoft Azure
4 6 (1.08%) Google Analytics
5 5 (0.90%) Amazon S3
6 4 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (0.54%) CloudFront
7 3 (0.54%) Route 53
7 3 (0.54%) SaaS
8 2 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 2 (0.36%) Google Tag Manager
8 2 (0.36%) Heroku
8 2 (0.36%) Office 365
9 1 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.18%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.18%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.62%) HTTP
2 7 (1.26%) Internet
3 6 (1.08%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.18%) DHCP
4 1 (0.18%) DNS
4 1 (0.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (11.67%) MongoDB
2 55 (9.87%) SQL Server
3 54 (9.69%) MySQL
4 24 (4.31%) CouchDB
5 23 (4.13%) NoSQL
6 10 (1.80%) Redis
7 9 (1.62%) Relational Database
8 7 (1.26%) DB2
9 6 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
10 4 (0.72%) RDBMS
11 3 (0.54%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (0.36%) Azure SQL Database
12 2 (0.36%) Big Data
13 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 183 (32.85%) Git (software)
2 150 (26.93%) Grunt
3 115 (20.65%) gulp
4 70 (12.57%) Jasmine
5 49 (8.80%) Subversion
6 47 (8.44%) Karma Test Runner
7 38 (6.82%) Bower
7 38 (6.82%) Mocha
8 25 (4.49%) Jenkins
9 22 (3.95%) JIRA
10 19 (3.41%) Visual Studio
11 18 (3.23%) Mercurial
12 17 (3.05%) Cucumber
13 16 (2.87%) Selenium
14 12 (2.15%) QUnit
14 12 (2.15%) Vagrant
15 11 (1.97%) webpack
16 10 (1.80%) PhantomJS
16 10 (1.80%) Protractor
16 10 (1.80%) WebDriver
General
1 53 (9.52%) Finance
2 26 (4.67%) Games
3 15 (2.69%) Retail
4 14 (2.51%) Advertising
4 14 (2.51%) Marketing
5 10 (1.80%) Banking
6 7 (1.26%) Financial Institution
7 6 (1.08%) Publishing
8 5 (0.90%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.54%) Interactive Media
9 3 (0.54%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.36%) Law
10 2 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.18%) Legal
11 1 (0.18%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 526 (94.43%) Developer
2 230 (41.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 178 (31.96%) JavaScript Developer
4 77 (13.82%) UI Developer
5 74 (13.29%) Angular Developer
6 72 (12.93%) Web Developer
7 48 (8.62%) Node.js Developer
8 44 (7.90%) HTML Developer
9 43 (7.72%) Senior Developer
10 39 (7.00%) HTML CSS Developer
11 36 (6.46%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 32 (5.75%) Java Developer
13 23 (4.13%) PHP Developer
14 22 (3.95%) Full Stack Developer
14 22 (3.95%) UX Developer
15 20 (3.59%) Senior JavaScript Developer
16 18 (3.23%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 16 (2.87%) .NET Developer
17 16 (2.87%) Designer
18 15 (2.69%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 535 (96.05%) CSS
2 501 (89.95%) HTML
3 459 (82.41%) Sass
4 418 (75.04%) HTML5
5 365 (65.53%) AngularJS
6 342 (61.40%) CSS3
7 238 (42.73%) jQuery
8 206 (36.98%) Node.js
9 190 (34.11%) React
10 152 (27.29%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 130 (23.34%) Backbone.js
12 80 (14.36%) Ajax
13 76 (13.64%) .NET
14 71 (12.75%) Web Services
15 70 (12.57%) RESTful
16 61 (10.95%) KnockoutJS
17 60 (10.77%) Ember.js
18 53 (9.52%) JSON
19 45 (8.08%) ASP.NET
20 43 (7.72%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 165 (29.62%) User Experience
2 53 (9.52%) Mobile App
3 24 (4.31%) Fintech
4 14 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
5 13 (2.33%) iPad
6 12 (2.15%) W3C
7 10 (1.80%) Visualisation
8 9 (1.62%) Computer Science
8 9 (1.62%) Online Games
9 7 (1.26%) Social Media
10 6 (1.08%) Animation
10 6 (1.08%) Equities
10 6 (1.08%) New Media
10 6 (1.08%) NHS
11 5 (0.90%) Data Centre
11 5 (0.90%) Fixed Income
11 5 (0.90%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.90%) Web 2.0
12 4 (0.72%) Internet of Things
13 3 (0.54%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 41 (7.36%) Linux
2 35 (6.28%) Windows
3 6 (1.08%) Android
3 6 (1.08%) Unix
3 6 (1.08%) Windows Server
4 5 (0.90%) Windows Server 2008
4 5 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
5 4 (0.72%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.54%) Windows 8
7 2 (0.36%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 281 (50.45%) Agile Software Development
2 231 (41.47%) Front End Development
3 160 (28.73%) Web Development
4 138 (24.78%) TDD
5 110 (19.75%) Responsive Web Design
6 104 (18.67%) MVC
7 83 (14.90%) Scrum
8 74 (13.29%) OO
9 64 (11.49%) BDD
10 53 (9.52%) Web Design
11 46 (8.26%) E-Commerce
11 46 (8.26%) Unit Testing
12 40 (7.18%) Continuous Integration
12 40 (7.18%) SEO
13 38 (6.82%) Wireframes
14 33 (5.92%) Software Engineering
15 32 (5.75%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
16 30 (5.39%) OOP
17 28 (5.03%) Automated Testing
17 28 (5.03%) Progressive Enhancement
Programming Languages
1 521 (93.54%) JavaScript
2 84 (15.08%) PHP
3 81 (14.54%) Java
4 57 (10.23%) C#
5 48 (8.62%) ES6
6 28 (5.03%) ECMAScript
7 25 (4.49%) SQL
8 18 (3.23%) TypeScript
9 12 (2.15%) XPath
10 11 (1.97%) C
10 11 (1.97%) Python
11 8 (1.44%) PHP 5
12 7 (1.26%) Ruby
13 5 (0.90%) CoffeeScript
14 3 (0.54%) Apple Swift
14 3 (0.54%) Clojure
14 3 (0.54%) Haskell
15 2 (0.36%) Bash Shell
16 1 (0.18%) Groovy
16 1 (0.18%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 14 (2.51%) Degree
2 9 (1.62%) Security Cleared
3 6 (1.08%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.18%) A+ Certification
4 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (0.90%) QA
2 4 (0.72%) WAI
3 3 (0.54%) WCAG
4 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 3 (0.54%) Docker
2 2 (0.36%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.36%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 6 (1.08%) Puppet
2 3 (0.54%) Kibana
Vendors
1 38 (6.82%) Adobe
2 22 (3.95%) Microsoft
3 20 (3.59%) Twitter
4 11 (1.97%) Facebook
4 11 (1.97%) IBM
4 11 (1.97%) Oracle
5 10 (1.80%) EPiServer
6 7 (1.26%) Google
6 7 (1.26%) SAP
7 6 (1.08%) Sitecore
8 5 (0.90%) hybris
9 4 (0.72%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.72%) Zend
10 3 (0.54%) DevExpress
10 3 (0.54%) Telerik
11 2 (0.36%) Brightcove
11 2 (0.36%) CA
11 2 (0.36%) FatWire
11 2 (0.36%) Omniture
11 2 (0.36%) Sun
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