The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 5 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
5 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 353 450 439
Rank change year-on-year
+97 -11
Contract jobs citing LESS 234 130 132
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.50% 0.28% 0.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.72% 1.04% 1.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 171 103 97
Average daily rate £375 £375 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +15.38%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £298 £254 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £425 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+7.69% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
Average hourly rate £35.00 £27.37 -
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+27.87% -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 - -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13578 12533 12024
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 28.77% 27.19% 27.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 9532 8486 7716
Average daily rate £400 £400 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+4.28% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 242 175 248
Average hourly rate £40.00 £33.00 £33.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+21.21% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.50 £20.93 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £60.37 £45.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £38.75 £33.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year
+15.67% +3.07%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 5 February 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 5 February 2016.

LESS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 5 February 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 125 £400 +6.66% 88
South East +18 32 £350 +16.66% 8
South West +21 20 £318 -2.30% 4
North West +2 20 £360 +44.00% 17
Yorkshire -2 16 £310 +45.88% 13
East of England +9 14 £390 +11.42% 9
West Midlands -12 4 £350 -14.63% 5
East Midlands -12 2 £425 +5.59% 1
North East - 1 £325 - 1
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 5 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 475 (92.95%) CSS
2 468 (91.59%) HTML
3 456 (89.24%) JavaScript
4 434 (84.93%) Sass
5 385 (75.34%) HTML5
6 338 (66.14%) CSS3
7 273 (53.42%) AngularJS
8 249 (48.73%) Front End Development
9 236 (46.18%) Agile Software Development
10 228 (44.62%) jQuery
11 164 (32.09%) User Experience
12 148 (28.96%) Node.js
13 137 (26.81%) Git (software)
14 134 (26.22%) Backbone.js
15 131 (25.64%) Responsive Web Design
16 129 (25.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 129 (25.24%) PHP
17 121 (23.68%) Grunt
18 115 (22.50%) TDD
19 105 (20.55%) E-Commerce
20 98 (19.18%) OO
21 97 (18.98%) React
22 96 (18.79%) Scrum
23 88 (17.22%) gulp
24 76 (14.87%) Ajax
25 73 (14.29%) MVC
26 66 (12.92%) JSON
27 60 (11.74%) Web Design
28 56 (10.96%) BDD
28 56 (10.96%) Photoshop

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 5 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 148 (28.96%) Node.js
2 38 (7.44%) WordPress
3 37 (7.24%) CMS
4 31 (6.07%) Confluence
5 19 (3.72%) Drupal
6 10 (1.96%) Umbraco
6 10 (1.96%) WebSphere
7 7 (1.37%) Apache
8 6 (1.17%) IIS
9 5 (0.98%) Alfresco
10 4 (0.78%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.59%) Commerce Server
11 3 (0.59%) Mule
11 3 (0.59%) Mule ESB
11 3 (0.59%) WildFly
12 2 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.39%) Joomla!
12 2 (0.39%) nginx
12 2 (0.39%) NServiceBus
12 2 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 56 (10.96%) Photoshop
2 28 (5.48%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (1.57%) Fireworks
4 7 (1.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (1.17%) MS Excel
6 4 (0.78%) MS Office
7 1 (0.20%) GIMP
7 1 (0.20%) MS PowerPoint
7 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 22 (4.31%) Magento
2 1 (0.20%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 33 (6.46%) GitHub
2 11 (2.15%) Google Analytics
2 11 (2.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (1.76%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (1.76%) SaaS
4 7 (1.37%) Adobe Analytics
5 6 (1.17%) AdWords
6 3 (0.59%) Heroku
7 2 (0.39%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 2 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.39%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.20%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.20%) Bluemix
8 1 (0.20%) CloudFront
8 1 (0.20%) IaaS
8 1 (0.20%) MailChimp
8 1 (0.20%) PaaS
8 1 (0.20%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.76%) HTTP
2 6 (1.17%) MVNO
3 5 (0.98%) Internet
4 3 (0.59%) Firewall
4 3 (0.59%) Reverse Proxy
4 3 (0.59%) VPN
5 2 (0.39%) SSH
5 2 (0.39%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (6.07%) MySQL
2 19 (3.72%) NoSQL
3 18 (3.52%) MongoDB
4 16 (3.13%) SQL Server
5 14 (2.74%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (1.37%) Azure SQL Database
6 7 (1.37%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.59%) CouchDB
8 2 (0.39%) Big Data
8 2 (0.39%) Redis
9 1 (0.20%) DB2
9 1 (0.20%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 137 (26.81%) Git (software)
2 121 (23.68%) Grunt
3 88 (17.22%) gulp
4 48 (9.39%) JIRA
5 40 (7.83%) Jasmine
6 35 (6.85%) Subversion
7 31 (6.07%) Karma Test Runner
8 29 (5.68%) Cucumber
8 29 (5.68%) Selenium
9 22 (4.31%) Bower
9 22 (4.31%) Visual Studio
10 19 (3.72%) WebDriver
11 18 (3.52%) webpack
12 16 (3.13%) Mercurial
13 15 (2.94%) Vagrant
14 13 (2.54%) Jenkins
14 13 (2.54%) Mocha
15 12 (2.35%) Maven
15 12 (2.35%) QUnit
16 11 (2.15%) Protractor
General
1 49 (9.59%) Finance
2 37 (7.24%) Retail
3 23 (4.50%) Marketing
4 21 (4.11%) Publishing
5 9 (1.76%) Telecoms
6 8 (1.57%) Games
7 7 (1.37%) Banking
8 4 (0.78%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.78%) Front Office
8 4 (0.78%) Multimedia
9 2 (0.39%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.20%) Interactive Media
10 1 (0.20%) Law
10 1 (0.20%) Legal
10 1 (0.20%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 480 (93.93%) Developer
2 259 (50.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 165 (32.29%) JavaScript Developer
4 120 (23.48%) HTML Developer
5 99 (19.37%) HTML CSS Developer
6 87 (17.03%) Web Developer
7 84 (16.44%) UI Developer
8 60 (11.74%) Angular Developer
9 55 (10.76%) Senior Developer
10 41 (8.02%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 34 (6.65%) PHP Developer
12 30 (5.87%) Senior JavaScript Developer
13 19 (3.72%) Designer
13 19 (3.72%) Java Developer
13 19 (3.72%) Senior Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 17 (3.33%) Web UI Developer
15 16 (3.13%) Node.js Developer
15 16 (3.13%) UI Designer
16 15 (2.94%) WordPress Developer
17 14 (2.74%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 475 (92.95%) CSS
2 468 (91.59%) HTML
3 434 (84.93%) Sass
4 385 (75.34%) HTML5
5 338 (66.14%) CSS3
6 273 (53.42%) AngularJS
7 228 (44.62%) jQuery
8 134 (26.22%) Backbone.js
9 129 (25.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 97 (18.98%) React
11 76 (14.87%) Ajax
12 66 (12.92%) JSON
13 53 (10.37%) .NET
14 49 (9.59%) KnockoutJS
15 44 (8.61%) Ember.js
16 39 (7.63%) XML
17 38 (7.44%) RequireJS
18 35 (6.85%) Web Services
19 31 (6.07%) REST
19 31 (6.07%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 164 (32.09%) User Experience
2 21 (4.11%) Computer Science
3 18 (3.52%) Mobile App
4 14 (2.74%) W3C
5 10 (1.96%) Analytical Skills
5 10 (1.96%) Social Media
6 9 (1.76%) iPad
6 9 (1.76%) Smartphone
7 7 (1.37%) Digital Media
7 7 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.17%) Animation
9 5 (0.98%) Web 2.0
10 4 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (0.78%) NHS
10 4 (0.78%) Visualisation
11 2 (0.39%) Graphic Design
11 2 (0.39%) New Media
11 2 (0.39%) Online Games
12 1 (0.20%) Blog
12 1 (0.20%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 35 (6.85%) Linux
2 16 (3.13%) Windows
3 8 (1.57%) Apple iOS
4 7 (1.37%) Android
4 7 (1.37%) Unix
4 7 (1.37%) Windows 8
5 5 (0.98%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.59%) CentOS
7 2 (0.39%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 249 (48.73%) Front End Development
2 236 (46.18%) Agile Software Development
3 131 (25.64%) Responsive Web Design
4 115 (22.50%) TDD
5 105 (20.55%) E-Commerce
6 98 (19.18%) OO
7 96 (18.79%) Scrum
8 73 (14.29%) MVC
9 60 (11.74%) Web Design
10 56 (10.96%) BDD
11 54 (10.57%) Web Development
12 50 (9.78%) SEO
13 38 (7.44%) Unit Testing
14 25 (4.89%) Continuous Integration
15 24 (4.70%) Mobile First
16 20 (3.91%) Progressive Enhancement
17 19 (3.72%) Continuous Improvement
18 18 (3.52%) Pair Programming
19 17 (3.33%) Automated Testing
19 17 (3.33%) Extreme Programming
Programming Languages
1 456 (89.24%) JavaScript
2 129 (25.24%) PHP
3 49 (9.59%) Java
4 27 (5.28%) SQL
5 24 (4.70%) ES6
6 23 (4.50%) TypeScript
7 20 (3.91%) C#
8 19 (3.72%) Python
9 15 (2.94%) XPath
10 14 (2.74%) CoffeeScript
11 12 (2.35%) C
12 10 (1.96%) Scala
13 8 (1.57%) ECMAScript
14 7 (1.37%) XAML
15 6 (1.17%) Bash Shell
16 5 (0.98%) Ruby
17 3 (0.59%) Apple Swift
18 2 (0.39%) JSX
18 2 (0.39%) PHP 5
19 1 (0.20%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 24 (4.70%) Degree
2 8 (1.57%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.20%) A+ Certification
4 1 (0.20%) DBS Check
4 1 (0.20%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.20%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.59%) QA
1 3 (0.59%) WAI
2 2 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
2 2 (0.39%) WCAG
System Software
1 7 (1.37%) Docker
2 3 (0.59%) vCloud
3 2 (0.39%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (0.78%) Ansible
1 4 (0.78%) Salt
2 3 (0.59%) Kibana
2 3 (0.59%) logstash
2 3 (0.59%) Puppet
2 3 (0.59%) Rundeck
2 3 (0.59%) ZABBIX
3 1 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 34 (6.65%) Adobe
2 25 (4.89%) Twitter
3 24 (4.70%) Microsoft
4 21 (4.11%) Google
5 19 (3.72%) Zend
6 10 (1.96%) Facebook
7 7 (1.37%) IBM
8 5 (0.98%) Oracle
9 3 (0.59%) DevExpress
9 3 (0.59%) EPiServer
9 3 (0.59%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.59%) Telerik
9 3 (0.59%) VMware
10 2 (0.39%) ESRI
10 2 (0.39%) hybris
10 2 (0.39%) SAP
10 2 (0.39%) Sitecore
10 2 (0.39%) Sun
11 1 (0.20%) Atlassian
11 1 (0.20%) FatWire
City, London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £325 - £350 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
South East London
Stepstone
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Real Staffing
Rate: competitive
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Central London / West End
keytree
Rate: £200 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £325 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
Circle Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £501 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Oxfordshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Talent Point
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 22 days ago
Central London / West End
Chambers and Partners
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 24 days ago
Manchester
Computer Futures
Rate: £250 - £350 per day + competitive
Posted: 25 days ago
Twickenham
Computer Futures
Rate: £400 - £401 per day + competitive
Posted: 26 days ago