The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 23 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
23 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK / England
Rank 376 381 454
Rank change year-on-year
+5 +73
Contract jobs citing LESS 202 227 128
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.49% 0.50% 0.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.56% 1.70% 1.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 138 162 107
Median daily rate £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £307 £298 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £340
% change year-on-year
+14.28% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
Median hourly rate - £35.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
12942 13387 12722
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 31.15% 29.24% 27.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 8946 9349 8686
Median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.03% +3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 147 241 170
Median hourly rate £37.50 £40.00 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-6.25% +19.40%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.00 £21.50 £20.93
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £57.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £38.00 £33.50
% change year-on-year
-1.31% +13.43%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 23 January 2017.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 23 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 121 £425 +6.25% 59
Yorkshire +17 22 £340 +9.07% 17
South East +11 20 £441 +10.31% 14
East of England +3 11 £450 +15.38% 10
North West +16 9 £399 +12.32% 15
South West -8 8 £350 +9.37% 7
East Midlands +7 7 £283 -33.52% 4
West Midlands -10 3 £300 -14.28% 11
North East -14 1 £425 +30.76% 1
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 498 (95.95%) CSS
2 462 (89.02%) HTML
3 453 (87.28%) JavaScript
4 450 (86.71%) Sass
5 358 (68.98%) HTML5
6 338 (65.13%) CSS3
7 278 (53.56%) Agile Software Development
8 274 (52.79%) AngularJS
9 264 (50.87%) Front End Development
10 203 (39.11%) jQuery
11 179 (34.49%) Git (software)
12 175 (33.72%) React
13 166 (31.98%) Node.js
14 158 (30.44%) Grunt
15 147 (28.32%) TDD
16 124 (23.89%) Web Development
17 113 (21.77%) Responsive Web Design
18 110 (21.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 104 (20.04%) User Experience
20 102 (19.65%) gulp
21 98 (18.88%) MVC
22 97 (18.69%) C#
23 96 (18.50%) RESTful
24 94 (18.11%) .NET
25 88 (16.96%) OO
26 86 (16.57%) Scrum
27 79 (15.22%) Jasmine
28 75 (14.45%) Backbone.js
28 75 (14.45%) Continuous Integration
29 74 (14.26%) BDD

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (5.39%) Confluence
2 20 (3.85%) CMS
3 8 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (1.16%) WordPress
5 4 (0.77%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.58%) EPiServer CMS
6 3 (0.58%) JBoss
6 3 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
6 3 (0.58%) Tomcat
6 3 (0.58%) Umbraco
7 2 (0.39%) Apache
7 2 (0.39%) IIS
7 2 (0.39%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.19%) Documentum
8 1 (0.19%) Drupal
8 1 (0.19%) GlassFish
8 1 (0.19%) SharePoint
Applications
1 50 (9.63%) Photoshop
2 11 (2.12%) GIMP
3 8 (1.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (0.96%) Pixelmator
5 2 (0.39%) InVision
5 2 (0.39%) MS Excel
6 1 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.19%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 8 (1.54%) Magento
2 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 21 (4.05%) SaaS
2 20 (3.85%) Amazon AWS
2 20 (3.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (2.89%) PaaS
4 13 (2.50%) GitHub
5 12 (2.31%) IaaS
6 11 (2.12%) Amazon Kinesis
6 11 (2.12%) AWS CloudFormation
6 11 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
7 4 (0.77%) Heroku
8 3 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (0.58%) Google Analytics
8 3 (0.58%) Google Tag Manager
9 1 (0.19%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.19%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.19%) CloudFront
9 1 (0.19%) Office 365
9 1 (0.19%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.47%) HTTP
2 11 (2.12%) DNS
3 10 (1.93%) SSL
4 4 (0.77%) Internet
4 4 (0.77%) Network Security
5 2 (0.39%) DSL
5 2 (0.39%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 2 (0.39%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.19%) LDAP
6 1 (0.19%) Skype
6 1 (0.19%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (5.20%) SQL Server
2 19 (3.66%) MySQL
3 11 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 6 (1.16%) MongoDB
4 6 (1.16%) NoSQL
5 4 (0.77%) SQL Server 2008
6 3 (0.58%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.39%) Big Data
7 2 (0.39%) Redis
8 1 (0.19%) BusinessObjects
8 1 (0.19%) CouchDB
8 1 (0.19%) Hadoop
8 1 (0.19%) Hazelcast
8 1 (0.19%) Oracle Database
8 1 (0.19%) SQL Server 2012
8 1 (0.19%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 179 (34.49%) Git (software)
2 158 (30.44%) Grunt
3 102 (19.65%) gulp
4 79 (15.22%) Jasmine
5 54 (10.40%) Bower
6 45 (8.67%) Karma Test Runner
7 43 (8.29%) JIRA
8 35 (6.74%) Jenkins
9 28 (5.39%) Subversion
9 28 (5.39%) webpack
10 27 (5.20%) Team Foundation Server
11 25 (4.82%) Mocha
11 25 (4.82%) Selenium
12 24 (4.62%) NuGet
13 23 (4.43%) Cucumber
14 20 (3.85%) Octopus Deploy
15 19 (3.66%) Protractor
16 16 (3.08%) Gatling
16 16 (3.08%) Visual Studio
16 16 (3.08%) WebDriver
General
1 48 (9.25%) Finance
2 35 (6.74%) Banking
3 20 (3.85%) Retail
4 12 (2.31%) Investment Banking
5 11 (2.12%) Marketing
6 9 (1.73%) Advertising
7 8 (1.54%) Front Office
8 6 (1.16%) Back Office
8 6 (1.16%) Publishing
9 5 (0.96%) Games
9 5 (0.96%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.77%) Czech Language
11 2 (0.39%) Automotive
11 2 (0.39%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.19%) Arabic Language
12 1 (0.19%) Electronics
12 1 (0.19%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 485 (93.45%) Developer
2 266 (51.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 131 (25.24%) JavaScript Developer
4 68 (13.10%) Angular Developer
5 62 (11.95%) Senior Developer
6 59 (11.37%) HTML Developer
7 56 (10.79%) Web Developer
8 48 (9.25%) HTML CSS Developer
9 46 (8.86%) .NET Developer
10 41 (7.90%) UI Developer
11 35 (6.74%) Full Stack Developer
12 31 (5.97%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 30 (5.78%) C# Developer
14 26 (5.01%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 25 (4.82%) Senior JavaScript Developer
16 23 (4.43%) C# .NET Developer
17 17 (3.28%) Agile Developer
18 15 (2.89%) Node.js Developer
19 12 (2.31%) JavaScript Engineer
19 12 (2.31%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 498 (95.95%) CSS
2 462 (89.02%) HTML
3 450 (86.71%) Sass
4 358 (68.98%) HTML5
5 338 (65.13%) CSS3
6 274 (52.79%) AngularJS
7 203 (39.11%) jQuery
8 175 (33.72%) React
9 166 (31.98%) Node.js
10 110 (21.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 96 (18.50%) RESTful
12 94 (18.11%) .NET
13 75 (14.45%) Backbone.js
14 71 (13.68%) Ajax
15 62 (11.95%) Web Services
16 55 (10.60%) KnockoutJS
17 53 (10.21%) ASP.NET
18 49 (9.44%) ASP.NET Web API
19 44 (8.48%) JSON
20 40 (7.71%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 104 (20.04%) User Experience
2 13 (2.50%) Graphic Design
3 12 (2.31%) W3C
4 11 (2.12%) Mobile App
5 10 (1.93%) Fintech
5 10 (1.93%) Social Media
6 8 (1.54%) Digital Media
7 7 (1.35%) Computer Science
8 6 (1.16%) Animation
8 6 (1.16%) Hedge funds
9 5 (0.96%) Video on Demand
10 4 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (0.77%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.77%) NHS
11 3 (0.58%) Blockchain
11 3 (0.58%) Data Structures
11 3 (0.58%) Internet of Things
11 3 (0.58%) Minimum Viable Product
11 3 (0.58%) Visualisation
12 2 (0.39%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 20 (3.85%) Linux
2 12 (2.31%) Windows
3 5 (0.96%) Apple iOS
3 5 (0.96%) Unix
4 4 (0.77%) Android
5 3 (0.58%) Windows Server
5 3 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.19%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 278 (53.56%) Agile Software Development
2 264 (50.87%) Front End Development
3 147 (28.32%) TDD
4 124 (23.89%) Web Development
5 113 (21.77%) Responsive Web Design
6 98 (18.88%) MVC
7 88 (16.96%) OO
8 86 (16.57%) Scrum
9 75 (14.45%) Continuous Integration
10 74 (14.26%) BDD
11 57 (10.98%) E-Commerce
12 53 (10.21%) Kanban
13 41 (7.90%) OOP
14 40 (7.71%) Pair Programming
15 38 (7.32%) Software Engineering
16 37 (7.13%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
16 37 (7.13%) Unit Testing
17 36 (6.94%) Web Design
18 35 (6.74%) Wireframes
19 33 (6.36%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 453 (87.28%) JavaScript
2 97 (18.69%) C#
3 58 (11.18%) PHP
4 48 (9.25%) ES6
5 44 (8.48%) Java
6 30 (5.78%) TypeScript
7 15 (2.89%) SQL
8 13 (2.50%) Python
8 13 (2.50%) Ruby
9 4 (0.77%) ECMAScript
10 3 (0.58%) Scala
11 2 (0.39%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.19%) Clojure
12 1 (0.19%) CoffeeScript
12 1 (0.19%) Go
12 1 (0.19%) Lisp
12 1 (0.19%) Perl
12 1 (0.19%) PL/SQL
12 1 (0.19%) R
12 1 (0.19%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 25 (4.82%) Security Cleared
2 20 (3.85%) SC Cleared
3 16 (3.08%) Degree
4 4 (0.77%) MBA
5 3 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (1.73%) WAI
1 9 (1.73%) WCAG
2 5 (0.96%) QA
3 3 (0.58%) SDET
4 2 (0.39%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 11 (2.12%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (0.39%) Puppet
Vendors
1 28 (5.39%) Adobe
2 21 (4.05%) Microsoft
3 6 (1.16%) Oracle
3 6 (1.16%) Zend
4 4 (0.77%) EPiServer
4 4 (0.77%) Google
4 4 (0.77%) hybris
4 4 (0.77%) IBM
5 3 (0.58%) Atlassian
5 3 (0.58%) Brightcove
5 3 (0.58%) Sitecore
6 2 (0.39%) Cisco
6 2 (0.39%) Perforce
7 1 (0.19%) CA Agile Central
7 1 (0.19%) EMC
7 1 (0.19%) FatWire
7 1 (0.19%) SAP
7 1 (0.19%) Siebel
7 1 (0.19%) Sybase
7 1 (0.19%) TOWER Software
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