The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 31 July 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
31 Jul 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 422 431 478
Rank change year-on-year
+9 +47
Contract jobs citing LESS 177 141 78
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.34% 0.29% 0.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.23% 1.02% 0.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 142 85 52
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£353 £375 £336
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
-5.86% +11.52%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £237 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £450 £492 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £356 £350 £320
% change year-on-year
+1.71% +9.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Average hourly rate £23.06 - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £32.00 - -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14407 13884 13497
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.96% 28.13% 28.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 9862 9061 8749
Average daily rate £400 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £285 £265 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £340 £325
% change year-on-year
+2.94% +4.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 204 264
Average hourly rate £39.50 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+12.85% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.00 £17.50 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £40.00 £34.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+17.64% -

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 31 July 2015.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 31 July 2015.

LESS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 31 July 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +44 109 £375 -13.04% 57
East of England -15 16 £353 +6.96% 8
South East -3 14 £419 +28.84% 12
Yorkshire -15 10 £335 +25.23% 5
North East - 9 £325 - 2
South West -14 7 £350 - 3
West Midlands +2 5 £250 -15.25% 7
North West -32 4 £320 -14.66% 9
East Midlands -3 3 £400 -16.66% 8
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 31 July 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 357 (95.97%) CSS
2 349 (93.82%) HTML
3 334 (89.78%) JavaScript
4 285 (76.61%) Sass
5 274 (73.66%) HTML5
6 229 (61.56%) CSS3
7 215 (57.80%) AngularJS
8 193 (51.88%) jQuery
9 138 (37.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 137 (36.83%) Agile Software Development
11 125 (33.60%) Backbone.js
12 111 (29.84%) Git (software)
13 104 (27.96%) Responsive Web Design
14 85 (22.85%) Grunt
14 85 (22.85%) OO
15 79 (21.24%) User Experience
16 76 (20.43%) MVC
17 70 (18.82%) Node.js
18 64 (17.20%) PHP
19 62 (16.67%) Ajax
20 59 (15.86%) TDD
21 58 (15.59%) JSON
22 57 (15.32%) Bower
23 51 (13.71%) Scrum
23 51 (13.71%) .NET
24 50 (13.44%) Java
24 50 (13.44%) KnockoutJS
25 48 (12.90%) Web Design
26 47 (12.63%) C#
27 46 (12.37%) Web Development

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 31 July 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 70 (18.82%) Node.js
2 26 (6.99%) CMS
3 20 (5.38%) WordPress
4 9 (2.42%) Umbraco
5 8 (2.15%) Drupal
6 6 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (1.61%) Apache Solr
7 5 (1.34%) Confluence
7 5 (1.34%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.81%) SAS
8 3 (0.81%) IIS
8 3 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.54%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.54%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.54%) SharePoint 2010
9 2 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.27%) Lightstreamer
10 1 (0.27%) Mule
10 1 (0.27%) Moodle
10 1 (0.27%) JBoss
Applications
1 38 (10.22%) Photoshop
2 12 (3.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (1.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.27%) MS Excel
4 1 (0.27%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 8 (2.15%) Magento
2 1 (0.27%) Summit
2 1 (0.27%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 13 (3.49%) GitHub
2 8 (2.15%) SaaS
2 8 (2.15%) Google Analytics
3 7 (1.88%) Microsoft Azure
4 4 (1.08%) Amazon AWS
5 2 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
5 2 (0.54%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
5 2 (0.54%) Google App Engine
5 2 (0.54%) PaaS
5 2 (0.54%) Heroku
6 1 (0.27%) MailChimp
6 1 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.11%) HTTP
2 11 (2.96%) Internet
3 3 (0.81%) DNS
3 3 (0.81%) SSL
4 1 (0.27%) Intranet
4 1 (0.27%) VPN
4 1 (0.27%) Firewall
4 1 (0.27%) SSH
4 1 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
4 1 (0.27%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (10.22%) SQL Server
2 20 (5.38%) MongoDB
3 18 (4.84%) MySQL
4 13 (3.49%) NoSQL
5 9 (2.42%) SQL Server 2008
6 7 (1.88%) Relational Database
7 6 (1.61%) SQL Server 2012
7 6 (1.61%) Triplestore
7 6 (1.61%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Analysis Services
8 1 (0.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 1 (0.27%) SQL Server 2005
8 1 (0.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 1 (0.27%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 1 (0.27%) CouchDB
8 1 (0.27%) Apache Cassandra
8 1 (0.27%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 111 (29.84%) Git (software)
2 85 (22.85%) Grunt
3 57 (15.32%) Bower
4 38 (10.22%) gulp
5 28 (7.53%) Subversion
6 26 (6.99%) Jasmine
7 23 (6.18%) Selenium
8 19 (5.11%) Karma Test Runner
9 18 (4.84%) Cucumber
10 11 (2.96%) WebDriver
10 11 (2.96%) Mocha
11 10 (2.69%) Bitbucket
12 9 (2.42%) QUnit
13 8 (2.15%) JIRA
14 7 (1.88%) Jenkins
15 6 (1.61%) Maven
15 6 (1.61%) Ant
15 6 (1.61%) Sinon.JS
16 5 (1.34%) Visual Studio
17 4 (1.08%) NUnit
General
1 36 (9.68%) Finance
2 23 (6.18%) Banking
3 18 (4.84%) Retail
4 11 (2.96%) Publishing
4 11 (2.96%) Marketing
5 10 (2.69%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.88%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.34%) Advertising
8 4 (1.08%) Automotive
9 3 (0.81%) Games
10 2 (0.54%) Legal
10 2 (0.54%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.27%) Front Office
11 1 (0.27%) Back Office
11 1 (0.27%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 351 (94.35%) Developer
2 186 (50.00%) Front-End Developer
3 54 (14.52%) Web Developer
4 51 (13.71%) JavaScript Developer
5 43 (11.56%) UI Programmer
5 43 (11.56%) UI Developer
6 23 (6.18%) Front-End Web Developer
7 22 (5.91%) .NET Developer
8 14 (3.76%) Senior Developer
9 13 (3.49%) Designer
9 13 (3.49%) Full Stack Developer
10 11 (2.96%) Java Developer
11 6 (1.61%) PHP Developer
12 5 (1.34%) Software Developer
12 5 (1.34%) Architect
12 5 (1.34%) Node.js Developer
12 5 (1.34%) Magento Developer
13 4 (1.08%) C# .NET Developer
13 4 (1.08%) UX Designer
13 4 (1.08%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 357 (95.97%) CSS
2 349 (93.82%) HTML
3 285 (76.61%) Sass
4 274 (73.66%) HTML5
5 229 (61.56%) CSS3
6 215 (57.80%) AngularJS
7 193 (51.88%) jQuery
8 138 (37.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 125 (33.60%) Backbone.js
10 62 (16.67%) Ajax
11 58 (15.59%) JSON
12 51 (13.71%) .NET
13 50 (13.44%) KnockoutJS
14 41 (11.02%) Ember.js
15 28 (7.53%) RESTful
16 27 (7.26%) ASP.NET
17 26 (6.99%) Web Services
18 25 (6.72%) YUI
18 25 (6.72%) Ext JS
18 25 (6.72%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 79 (21.24%) User Experience
2 16 (4.30%) Mobile App
3 15 (4.03%) W3C
4 11 (2.96%) Inversion of Control
5 7 (1.88%) Client/Server
5 7 (1.88%) Graphic Design
6 6 (1.61%) Web 2.0
6 6 (1.61%) Computer Science
7 5 (1.34%) Digital Media
8 3 (0.81%) iPad
8 3 (0.81%) Smartphone
8 3 (0.81%) Analytical Skills
9 2 (0.54%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.54%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.54%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.54%) Social Media
10 1 (0.27%) Online Games
10 1 (0.27%) Data Integration
10 1 (0.27%) FMCG
10 1 (0.27%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 17 (4.57%) Windows
2 13 (3.49%) Linux
3 8 (2.15%) Android
4 7 (1.88%) UNIX
5 6 (1.61%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.34%) Solaris
7 4 (1.08%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.54%) Windows Phone
8 2 (0.54%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 137 (36.83%) Agile Software Development
2 104 (27.96%) Responsive Web Design
3 85 (22.85%) OO
4 76 (20.43%) MVC
5 59 (15.86%) TDD
6 51 (13.71%) Scrum
7 48 (12.90%) Web Design
8 46 (12.37%) Web Development
9 37 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
9 37 (9.95%) E-Commerce
10 33 (8.87%) BDD
11 22 (5.91%) Progressive Enhancement
12 19 (5.11%) Graceful Degradation
12 19 (5.11%) Unit Testing
13 17 (4.57%) MVVM
14 16 (4.30%) SEO
15 15 (4.03%) Kanban
16 14 (3.76%) Automated Testing
17 13 (3.49%) Open Source
18 12 (3.23%) Mobile Application Development
Programming Languages
1 334 (89.78%) JavaScript
2 64 (17.20%) PHP
3 50 (13.44%) Java
4 47 (12.63%) C#
5 18 (4.84%) SQL
6 17 (4.57%) Ruby
7 15 (4.03%) Python
7 15 (4.03%) TypeScript
8 9 (2.42%) Scala
9 7 (1.88%) CoffeeScript
9 7 (1.88%) C
10 6 (1.61%) SPARQL
10 6 (1.61%) Clojure
11 5 (1.34%) PHP5
12 3 (0.81%) F#
12 3 (0.81%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.54%) Perl
13 2 (0.54%) VB.NET
14 1 (0.27%) XPath
14 1 (0.27%) VB
Qualifications
1 9 (2.42%) Degree
2 2 (0.54%) MCP
2 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
3 1 (0.27%) SC Cleared
3 1 (0.27%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.96%) QA
2 5 (1.34%) WCAG
System Software
1 1 (0.27%) vCloud
1 1 (0.27%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
1 2 (0.54%) Salt
2 1 (0.27%) Kibana
2 1 (0.27%) Graphite
2 1 (0.27%) Rundeck
2 1 (0.27%) Ansible
2 1 (0.27%) logstash
2 1 (0.27%) ZABBIX
2 1 (0.27%) Puppet
Vendors
1 18 (4.84%) Microsoft
2 17 (4.57%) Adobe
3 12 (3.23%) Google
4 10 (2.69%) Twitter
5 9 (2.42%) Zend
5 9 (2.42%) IBM
6 6 (1.61%) Oracle
7 5 (1.34%) FatWire
7 5 (1.34%) Omniture
8 3 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.81%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.54%) Appcelerator
9 2 (0.54%) Facebook
9 2 (0.54%) VMware
10 1 (0.27%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.27%) Sencha
10 1 (0.27%) Splunk
10 1 (0.27%) EPiServer
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