The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 4 May 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
4 May 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 396 418 476
Rank change year-on-year
+22 +58
Contract jobs citing LESS 189 149 48
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.37% 0.30% 0.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.37% 1.09% 0.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 123 106 41
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £350 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +7.69%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £236 £295 £263
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £475 £425
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+7.69% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Average hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £17.86 - -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13838 13618 11678
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.36% 27.49% 27.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 9108 9052 7466
Average daily rate £388 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £265 £253
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £335 £325
% change year-on-year
+4.47% +3.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 178 198 345
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.30 £18.30 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £52.50 £44.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.00 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+5.71% -

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 4 May 2015.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 4 May 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 122 £375 +7.14% 40
East Midlands - 19 £400 - 9
South East -8 14 £400 +220.00% 8
South West +5 10 £325 -1.88% 3
Yorkshire -4 10 £233 -32.11% 9
North West -19 5 £250 -13.04% 6
East of England +2 4 £388 +0.32% 1
West Midlands -9 4 £275 -6.77% 1
North East - 1 £275 - 3
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 4 May 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 318 (97.85%) CSS
2 308 (94.77%) HTML
3 301 (92.62%) JavaScript
4 267 (82.15%) HTML5
5 248 (76.31%) Sass
6 226 (69.54%) CSS3
7 175 (53.85%) jQuery
8 161 (49.54%) AngularJS
9 117 (36.00%) Backbone.js
10 102 (31.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 101 (31.08%) Agile Software Development
12 91 (28.00%) Responsive Web Design
13 89 (27.38%) OO
14 82 (25.23%) User Experience
15 76 (23.38%) Git (software)
16 67 (20.62%) Node.js
17 62 (19.08%) MVC
18 59 (18.15%) Ajax
18 59 (18.15%) PHP
19 57 (17.54%) TDD
20 56 (17.23%) Grunt
21 53 (16.31%) JSON
22 44 (13.54%) Web Development
23 40 (12.31%) Photoshop
24 38 (11.69%) .NET
24 38 (11.69%) BDD
25 37 (11.38%) Ember.js
25 37 (11.38%) Java
26 36 (11.08%) Scrum
27 35 (10.77%) KnockoutJS

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 4 May 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 67 (20.62%) Node.js
2 24 (7.38%) CMS
3 20 (6.15%) WordPress
4 14 (4.31%) Umbraco
5 12 (3.69%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (2.77%) Drupal
7 7 (2.15%) nginx
8 6 (1.85%) Apache Solr
9 5 (1.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (1.23%) ExpressionEngine
10 4 (1.23%) Liferay
11 3 (0.92%) Confluence
11 3 (0.92%) Moodle
11 3 (0.92%) Apache
12 2 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
12 2 (0.62%) Lightstreamer
12 2 (0.62%) WebSphere
13 1 (0.31%) Facebook Platform
13 1 (0.31%) FileNet
13 1 (0.31%) IIS
Applications
1 40 (12.31%) Photoshop
2 13 (4.00%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (1.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 3 (0.92%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 14 (4.31%) Magento
2 4 (1.23%) Tridion
3 3 (0.92%) osCommerce
4 1 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 8 (2.46%) Microsoft Azure
2 7 (2.15%) GitHub
3 3 (0.92%) Google Analytics
3 3 (0.92%) SaaS
3 3 (0.92%) Amazon AWS
4 2 (0.62%) Google App Engine
4 2 (0.62%) PaaS
4 2 (0.62%) Heroku
4 2 (0.62%) Google Cloud Platform
4 2 (0.62%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
5 1 (0.31%) MailChimp
5 1 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 15 (4.62%) HTTP
2 11 (3.38%) Internet
3 2 (0.62%) Intranet
4 1 (0.31%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (8.31%) SQL Server
2 24 (7.38%) MySQL
2 24 (7.38%) MongoDB
3 16 (4.92%) NoSQL
4 9 (2.77%) SQL Server 2008
5 8 (2.46%) Apache Cassandra
6 6 (1.85%) Redis
6 6 (1.85%) Triplestore
7 4 (1.23%) SQL Server 2012
8 3 (0.92%) PostgreSQL
9 2 (0.62%) Azure SQL Database
9 2 (0.62%) Relational Database
10 1 (0.31%) Neo4j
10 1 (0.31%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1 (0.31%) Jackrabbit
10 1 (0.31%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 76 (23.38%) Git (software)
2 56 (17.23%) Grunt
3 33 (10.15%) Bower
4 29 (8.92%) Jasmine
5 28 (8.62%) Subversion
6 16 (4.92%) Selenium
7 14 (4.31%) Mocha
8 13 (4.00%) Cucumber
9 12 (3.69%) WebDriver
10 9 (2.77%) Karma Test Runner
11 6 (1.85%) Visual Studio
11 6 (1.85%) Bitbucket
12 4 (1.23%) JIRA
13 3 (0.92%) Appcelerator Titanium
13 3 (0.92%) QUnit
13 3 (0.92%) Team Foundation Server
13 3 (0.92%) Maven
13 3 (0.92%) NUnit
13 3 (0.92%) Ant
14 2 (0.62%) Dreamweaver
General
1 33 (10.15%) Finance
2 18 (5.54%) Banking
3 17 (5.23%) Retail
4 12 (3.69%) Marketing
5 9 (2.77%) Investment Banking
6 8 (2.46%) Publishing
7 6 (1.85%) Telecoms
8 5 (1.54%) Advertising
8 5 (1.54%) Games
9 1 (0.31%) Front Office
9 1 (0.31%) Back Office
9 1 (0.31%) Electronics
9 1 (0.31%) Legal
9 1 (0.31%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 301 (92.62%) Developer
2 166 (51.08%) Front-End Developer
3 47 (14.46%) Web Developer
4 46 (14.15%) JavaScript Developer
5 37 (11.38%) UI Programmer
5 37 (11.38%) UI Developer
6 22 (6.77%) Front-End Web Developer
7 16 (4.92%) .NET Developer
8 12 (3.69%) Senior Developer
8 12 (3.69%) Designer
9 7 (2.15%) Full Stack Developer
9 7 (2.15%) Node.js Developer
9 7 (2.15%) Java Developer
10 6 (1.85%) PHP Developer
10 6 (1.85%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 6 (1.85%) UI Designer
10 6 (1.85%) Magento Developer
11 4 (1.23%) Architect
11 4 (1.23%) Junior
11 4 (1.23%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 318 (97.85%) CSS
2 308 (94.77%) HTML
3 267 (82.15%) HTML5
4 248 (76.31%) Sass
5 226 (69.54%) CSS3
6 175 (53.85%) jQuery
7 161 (49.54%) AngularJS
8 117 (36.00%) Backbone.js
9 102 (31.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 59 (18.15%) Ajax
11 53 (16.31%) JSON
12 38 (11.69%) .NET
13 37 (11.38%) Ember.js
14 35 (10.77%) KnockoutJS
15 33 (10.15%) REST
16 25 (7.69%) Web Services
17 24 (7.38%) RESTful
18 20 (6.15%) ASP.NET
19 18 (5.54%) Marionette.js
20 17 (5.23%) Semantic HTML
Miscellaneous
1 82 (25.23%) User Experience
2 18 (5.54%) Mobile App
3 17 (5.23%) W3C
4 6 (1.85%) Client/Server
4 6 (1.85%) Computer Science
5 4 (1.23%) RIA
5 4 (1.23%) Online Games
6 3 (0.92%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (0.92%) iPad
6 3 (0.92%) Digital Media
6 3 (0.92%) Smartphone
6 3 (0.92%) Graphic Design
6 3 (0.92%) Human Factors
6 3 (0.92%) Open Source
7 2 (0.62%) Web 2.0
7 2 (0.62%) Inversion of Control
7 2 (0.62%) iPhone
7 2 (0.62%) FMCG
8 1 (0.31%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (0.31%) Data Integration
Operating Systems
1 13 (4.00%) Windows
1 13 (4.00%) Linux
2 9 (2.77%) Android
3 7 (2.15%) Apple iOS
4 4 (1.23%) Ubuntu
5 3 (0.92%) UNIX
6 2 (0.62%) Windows Phone
7 1 (0.31%) CentOS
7 1 (0.31%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 101 (31.08%) Agile Software Development
2 91 (28.00%) Responsive Web Design
3 89 (27.38%) OO
4 62 (19.08%) MVC
5 57 (17.54%) TDD
6 44 (13.54%) Web Development
7 38 (11.69%) BDD
8 36 (11.08%) Scrum
9 31 (9.54%) E-Commerce
10 29 (8.92%) Web Design
11 20 (6.15%) Continuous Integration
12 18 (5.54%) Unit Testing
13 15 (4.62%) Progressive Enhancement
14 12 (3.69%) Kanban
14 12 (3.69%) DevOps
15 11 (3.38%) SEO
16 10 (3.08%) Workflow
16 10 (3.08%) Mobile Application Development
17 8 (2.46%) MVVM
17 8 (2.46%) Graceful Degradation
Programming Languages
1 301 (92.62%) JavaScript
2 59 (18.15%) PHP
3 37 (11.38%) Java
4 31 (9.54%) C#
5 13 (4.00%) SQL
6 11 (3.38%) C
7 10 (3.08%) Ruby
8 9 (2.77%) TypeScript
9 8 (2.46%) Python
10 6 (1.85%) SPARQL
10 6 (1.85%) Clojure
11 5 (1.54%) CoffeeScript
11 5 (1.54%) Scala
12 3 (0.92%) PHP5
12 3 (0.92%) F#
12 3 (0.92%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.62%) VB.NET
13 2 (0.62%) Go
14 1 (0.31%) Rust
14 1 (0.31%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 15 (4.62%) Degree
2 2 (0.62%) CIPD
3 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.38%) QA
2 3 (0.92%) WCAG
System Software
1 1 (0.31%) Docker
Systems Management
1 6 (1.85%) Puppet
1 6 (1.85%) Ansible
2 1 (0.31%) Graphite
2 1 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.31%) OpenAM
2 1 (0.31%) Salt
Vendors
1 25 (7.69%) Adobe
2 11 (3.38%) Twitter
2 11 (3.38%) Microsoft
3 9 (2.77%) Google
4 8 (2.46%) Zend
5 7 (2.15%) IBM
6 5 (1.54%) Oracle
7 4 (1.23%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.92%) Facebook
8 3 (0.92%) EPiServer
9 2 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
9 2 (0.62%) Appcelerator
10 1 (0.31%) Splunk
10 1 (0.31%) Xamarin
10 1 (0.31%) FatWire
10 1 (0.31%) VMware
10 1 (0.31%) Omniture
10 1 (0.31%) SAP
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