The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 27 July 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Jul 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 355 442 454
Rank change year-on-year
+87 +12
Contract jobs citing LESS 293 173 138
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.59% 0.33% 0.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.99% 1.19% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 220 136 83
Median daily rate £400 £350 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £225 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £450 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £343
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +2.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 0
Median hourly rate - £23.06 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £32.00 -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14750 14509 13567
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 29.56% 28.07% 27.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 10406 9947 8898
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £340
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 190 210 193
Median hourly rate £40.00 £39.55 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.13% +13.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.25 £17.93 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.25 £55.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £40.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year
-6.25% +15.94%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +86 197 £400 +9.21% 58
Yorkshire +17 30 £450 +34.32% 7
South East +17 29 £350 -13.84% 17
East Midlands +11 17 £408 +16.42% 9
South West +2 6 £300 -14.28% 10
West Midlands -36 5 £263 +5.00% 14
North East -51 4 £350 +7.69%
East of England +11 3 £425 +21.42% 11
North West -7 2 £373 -8.30% 18
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 July 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 541 (95.75%) CSS
2 524 (92.74%) JavaScript
3 512 (90.62%) HTML
4 444 (78.58%) Sass
5 415 (73.45%) HTML5
6 386 (68.32%) AngularJS
7 352 (62.30%) CSS3
8 299 (52.92%) Agile Software Development
9 252 (44.60%) Front End Development
10 227 (40.18%) jQuery
11 212 (37.52%) Node.js
12 189 (33.45%) Git (software)
13 185 (32.74%) React
14 171 (30.27%) Grunt
15 161 (28.50%) Web Development
16 158 (27.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 154 (27.26%) User Experience
18 136 (24.07%) TDD
19 128 (22.65%) gulp
20 119 (21.06%) Responsive Web Design
21 110 (19.47%) MVC
22 108 (19.12%) Backbone.js
23 101 (17.88%) PHP
24 87 (15.40%) Scrum
25 83 (14.69%) OO
26 81 (14.34%) RESTful
27 78 (13.81%) Java
28 73 (12.92%) .NET
29 72 (12.74%) BDD
30 71 (12.57%) Jasmine

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (9.91%) CMS
2 26 (4.60%) WordPress
3 19 (3.36%) Confluence
4 16 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.42%) IIS
5 8 (1.42%) Sitecore CMS
6 7 (1.24%) EPiServer CMS
6 7 (1.24%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.06%) Apache
7 6 (1.06%) Drupal
7 6 (1.06%) Umbraco
8 5 (0.88%) ColdFusion
9 4 (0.71%) Joomla!
9 4 (0.71%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.53%) Alfresco
10 3 (0.53%) Mule
10 3 (0.53%) nginx
10 3 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.35%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 59 (10.44%) Photoshop
2 14 (2.48%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 13 (2.30%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.88%) GIMP
4 5 (0.88%) InDesign
5 4 (0.71%) MS Excel
6 3 (0.53%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.18%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 6 (1.06%) Magento
2 2 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 14 (2.48%) GitHub
2 13 (2.30%) Amazon AWS
3 6 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
3 6 (1.06%) Amazon S3
3 6 (1.06%) Google Analytics
4 5 (0.88%) CloudFront
5 4 (0.71%) Microsoft Azure
5 4 (0.71%) Route 53
6 3 (0.53%) SaaS
7 2 (0.35%) Google Tag Manager
7 2 (0.35%) Office 365
8 1 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
8 1 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 1 (0.18%) Amazon ELB
8 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 1 (0.18%) AWS OpsWorks
8 1 (0.18%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.18%) Heroku
8 1 (0.18%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.95%) HTTP
2 10 (1.77%) Internet
3 6 (1.06%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.35%) DNS
4 2 (0.35%) Network Security
5 1 (0.18%) DHCP
5 1 (0.18%) SSH
5 1 (0.18%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (12.04%) MongoDB
2 58 (10.27%) MySQL
3 55 (9.73%) SQL Server
4 23 (4.07%) CouchDB
5 22 (3.89%) NoSQL
6 10 (1.77%) Relational Database
7 9 (1.59%) DB2
8 8 (1.42%) Redis
9 6 (1.06%) SQL Server 2008
10 4 (0.71%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.35%) Big Data
11 2 (0.35%) PostgreSQL
12 1 (0.18%) Azure SQL Database
12 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 189 (33.45%) Git (software)
2 171 (30.27%) Grunt
3 128 (22.65%) gulp
4 71 (12.57%) Jasmine
5 47 (8.32%) Karma Test Runner
6 38 (6.73%) Mocha
7 36 (6.37%) Bower
7 36 (6.37%) Jenkins
8 31 (5.49%) Subversion
9 26 (4.60%) Cucumber
9 26 (4.60%) JIRA
10 20 (3.54%) Visual Studio
11 19 (3.36%) Protractor
12 17 (3.01%) WebDriver
13 15 (2.65%) QUnit
14 12 (2.12%) Selenium
14 12 (2.12%) TeamCity
14 12 (2.12%) Vagrant
15 11 (1.95%) webpack
16 9 (1.59%) PhantomJS
General
1 50 (8.85%) Finance
2 27 (4.78%) Games
3 21 (3.72%) Banking
4 17 (3.01%) Retail
5 16 (2.83%) Advertising
6 14 (2.48%) Marketing
7 6 (1.06%) Financial Institution
7 6 (1.06%) Investment Banking
8 5 (0.88%) Publishing
8 5 (0.88%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.53%) Interactive Media
9 3 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.18%) Law
10 1 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 544 (96.28%) Developer
2 243 (43.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 179 (31.68%) JavaScript Developer
4 75 (13.27%) Angular Developer
5 69 (12.21%) UI Developer
6 66 (11.68%) Web Developer
7 55 (9.73%) Senior Developer
8 45 (7.96%) HTML Developer
8 45 (7.96%) Node.js Developer
9 36 (6.37%) HTML CSS Developer
10 29 (5.13%) Java Developer
11 26 (4.60%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 26 (4.60%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 25 (4.42%) PHP Developer
13 24 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
13 24 (4.25%) Senior JavaScript Developer
14 23 (4.07%) UX Developer
15 19 (3.36%) Software Developer
16 17 (3.01%) .NET Developer
17 16 (2.83%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 541 (95.75%) CSS
2 512 (90.62%) HTML
3 444 (78.58%) Sass
4 415 (73.45%) HTML5
5 386 (68.32%) AngularJS
6 352 (62.30%) CSS3
7 227 (40.18%) jQuery
8 212 (37.52%) Node.js
9 185 (32.74%) React
10 158 (27.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 108 (19.12%) Backbone.js
12 81 (14.34%) RESTful
13 73 (12.92%) .NET
14 68 (12.04%) Ajax
15 65 (11.50%) Web Services
16 55 (9.73%) KnockoutJS
17 50 (8.85%) Ember.js
17 50 (8.85%) JSON
18 44 (7.79%) ASP.NET
19 31 (5.49%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 154 (27.26%) User Experience
2 53 (9.38%) Mobile App
3 25 (4.42%) Fintech
4 13 (2.30%) Visualisation
5 12 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (1.95%) W3C
7 10 (1.77%) iPad
8 9 (1.59%) Online Games
9 8 (1.42%) Equities
9 8 (1.42%) Social Media
10 6 (1.06%) Animation
10 6 (1.06%) Computer Science
10 6 (1.06%) Digital Media
10 6 (1.06%) Fixed Income
10 6 (1.06%) Internet of Things
10 6 (1.06%) New Media
11 5 (0.88%) Data Centre
11 5 (0.88%) Management Information System
12 3 (0.53%) Algorithms
12 3 (0.53%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 46 (8.14%) Linux
2 32 (5.66%) Windows
3 7 (1.24%) Android
4 6 (1.06%) Unix
5 5 (0.88%) Apple iOS
5 5 (0.88%) Windows Server
5 5 (0.88%) Windows Server 2008
5 5 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.35%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 299 (52.92%) Agile Software Development
2 252 (44.60%) Front End Development
3 161 (28.50%) Web Development
4 136 (24.07%) TDD
5 119 (21.06%) Responsive Web Design
6 110 (19.47%) MVC
7 87 (15.40%) Scrum
8 83 (14.69%) OO
9 72 (12.74%) BDD
10 49 (8.67%) Continuous Integration
11 48 (8.50%) Web Design
12 39 (6.90%) OOP
13 37 (6.55%) Unit Testing
14 35 (6.19%) E-Commerce
15 34 (6.02%) Software Engineering
16 33 (5.84%) Automated Testing
17 28 (4.96%) Progressive Enhancement
18 27 (4.78%) Wireframes
19 25 (4.42%) Mobile First
20 24 (4.25%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 524 (92.74%) JavaScript
2 101 (17.88%) PHP
3 78 (13.81%) Java
4 62 (10.97%) C#
5 53 (9.38%) ES6
6 24 (4.25%) SQL
7 22 (3.89%) ECMAScript
8 13 (2.30%) TypeScript
9 12 (2.12%) Python
10 11 (1.95%) C
11 8 (1.42%) PHP 5
12 6 (1.06%) Ruby
13 3 (0.53%) Clojure
13 3 (0.53%) Haskell
14 2 (0.35%) ActionScript
14 2 (0.35%) ActionScript 3.0
14 2 (0.35%) Bash Shell
14 2 (0.35%) CoffeeScript
14 2 (0.35%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.18%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 16 (2.83%) Security Cleared
2 11 (1.95%) Degree
2 11 (1.95%) SC Cleared
3 2 (0.35%) DBS Check
4 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.30%) WAI
2 5 (0.88%) QA
3 2 (0.35%) WCAG
4 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 12 (2.12%) Docker
2 2 (0.35%) Varnish
3 1 (0.18%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 6 (1.06%) Puppet
2 3 (0.53%) Kibana
3 1 (0.18%) Ansible
3 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 42 (7.43%) Adobe
2 21 (3.72%) Microsoft
3 16 (2.83%) Zend
4 13 (2.30%) Oracle
5 11 (1.95%) IBM
6 10 (1.77%) Twitter
7 8 (1.42%) EPiServer
7 8 (1.42%) Google
7 8 (1.42%) Sitecore
8 6 (1.06%) hybris
8 6 (1.06%) SAP
9 5 (0.88%) Facebook
10 4 (0.71%) Red Hat
11 2 (0.35%) Brightcove
11 2 (0.35%) CA
11 2 (0.35%) FatWire
11 2 (0.35%) Infragistics
11 2 (0.35%) Omniture
11 2 (0.35%) Rally
11 2 (0.35%) Syncfusion
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Rate: £450 - £500 per day
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