The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 29 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
29 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 324 407 469
Rank change year-on-year
+83 +62
Contract jobs citing LESS 340 238 161
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 0.69% 0.45% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.20% 1.57% 1.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 265 179 104
Median daily rate £400 £369 £346
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.54% +6.42%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £259 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £500 £480
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £338 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.40% -3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 1
Median hourly rate - £22.12 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -35.89%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £20.75 -
LESS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15432 15170 14365
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 31.11% 28.76% 27.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 10748 10568 9507
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £301 £290 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £548
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 265 162
Median hourly rate £41.00 £37.50 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+9.33% +8.69%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.00 £17.50 £16.60
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £45.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £34.50
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +8.69%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in England

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the England region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in England

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the England region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in England

LESS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +56 217 £425 +13.33% 55
South East +39 52 £378 +0.93% 20
East Midlands +8 20 £415 +161.41% 4
West Midlands -14 20 £369 +67.61% 15
Yorkshire +4 12 £356 +6.34% 14
South West +15 8 £300 +17.64% 9
North West +13 6 £325 +9.24% 18
North East -21 4 £350 +9.80% 1
East of England -12 1 £300 -4.00% 4
LESS
UK

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 September 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 603 (97.57%) CSS
2 567 (91.75%) HTML
3 564 (91.26%) JavaScript
4 493 (79.77%) Sass
5 430 (69.58%) HTML5
6 394 (63.75%) AngularJS
7 390 (63.11%) CSS3
8 344 (55.66%) Agile Software Development
9 306 (49.51%) Front End Development
10 250 (40.45%) jQuery
11 226 (36.57%) Git (software)
12 218 (35.28%) Node.js
13 202 (32.69%) Grunt
14 185 (29.94%) React
15 177 (28.64%) Web Development
16 171 (27.67%) TDD
17 162 (26.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 144 (23.30%) User Experience
19 140 (22.65%) Responsive Web Design
20 120 (19.42%) MVC
21 119 (19.26%) gulp
22 114 (18.45%) Scrum
23 103 (16.67%) RESTful
24 98 (15.86%) OO
25 97 (15.70%) .NET
26 96 (15.53%) BDD
27 95 (15.37%) C#
28 94 (15.21%) Backbone.js
29 93 (15.05%) PHP
30 92 (14.89%) Continuous Integration

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (8.74%) CMS
2 33 (5.34%) Confluence
3 20 (3.24%) WordPress
4 19 (3.07%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.29%) EPiServer CMS
6 7 (1.13%) Sitecore CMS
7 5 (0.81%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.65%) Apache
8 4 (0.65%) Umbraco
9 3 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.49%) IIS
9 3 (0.49%) Mule
9 3 (0.49%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.49%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.32%) Drupal
10 2 (0.32%) Moodle
10 2 (0.32%) nginx
10 2 (0.32%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.16%) ExpressionEngine
11 1 (0.16%) Joomla!
Applications
1 69 (11.17%) Photoshop
2 19 (3.07%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 11 (1.78%) Adobe Illustrator
4 7 (1.13%) GIMP
5 5 (0.81%) InDesign
6 4 (0.65%) MS Excel
7 1 (0.16%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.16%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 6 (0.97%) Magento
2 2 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 17 (2.75%) SaaS
2 16 (2.59%) Amazon AWS
2 16 (2.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 13 (2.10%) GitHub
4 10 (1.62%) IaaS
4 10 (1.62%) PaaS
5 9 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
5 9 (1.46%) AWS CloudFormation
5 9 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
6 6 (0.97%) Google Analytics
7 5 (0.81%) Google Tag Manager
8 4 (0.65%) Heroku
9 3 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (0.49%) CloudFront
9 3 (0.49%) Office 365
10 2 (0.32%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.32%) Route 53
11 1 (0.16%) Adobe Analytics
11 1 (0.16%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 1 (0.16%) AWS OpsWorks
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.13%) HTTP
1 7 (1.13%) Internet
2 5 (0.81%) Network Security
3 2 (0.32%) DNS
4 1 (0.16%) SSL
4 1 (0.16%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.16%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (8.41%) MySQL
2 47 (7.61%) SQL Server
3 46 (7.44%) MongoDB
4 14 (2.27%) NoSQL
5 11 (1.78%) CouchDB
6 9 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 8 (1.29%) Redis
8 7 (1.13%) DB2
8 7 (1.13%) SQL Server 2008
9 6 (0.97%) Relational Database
10 2 (0.32%) RDBMS
11 1 (0.16%) Big Data
11 1 (0.16%) Hadoop
11 1 (0.16%) Hazelcast
11 1 (0.16%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 226 (36.57%) Git (software)
2 202 (32.69%) Grunt
3 119 (19.26%) gulp
4 85 (13.75%) Jasmine
5 53 (8.58%) Bower
6 49 (7.93%) Jenkins
6 49 (7.93%) Karma Test Runner
7 44 (7.12%) JIRA
8 28 (4.53%) Subversion
9 27 (4.37%) Cucumber
10 26 (4.21%) Mocha
11 24 (3.88%) Protractor
11 24 (3.88%) Team Foundation Server
12 22 (3.56%) WebDriver
13 17 (2.75%) NuGet
13 17 (2.75%) webpack
14 16 (2.59%) Octopus Deploy
14 16 (2.59%) Visual Studio
15 15 (2.43%) QUnit
16 14 (2.27%) Gatling
General
1 63 (10.19%) Finance
2 39 (6.31%) Banking
3 23 (3.72%) Retail
4 22 (3.56%) Advertising
5 18 (2.91%) Games
6 17 (2.75%) Marketing
7 16 (2.59%) Investment Banking
8 7 (1.13%) Front Office
9 6 (0.97%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.97%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (0.65%) Publishing
11 2 (0.32%) Interactive Media
12 1 (0.16%) Automotive
12 1 (0.16%) Electronics
12 1 (0.16%) Law
12 1 (0.16%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 591 (95.63%) Developer
2 308 (49.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 162 (26.21%) JavaScript Developer
4 85 (13.75%) Angular Developer
5 80 (12.94%) Senior Developer
6 72 (11.65%) Web Developer
7 53 (8.58%) HTML Developer
8 52 (8.41%) UI Developer
9 42 (6.80%) HTML CSS Developer
10 39 (6.31%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 33 (5.34%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 31 (5.02%) Full Stack Developer
13 30 (4.85%) Node.js Developer
14 29 (4.69%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 27 (4.37%) .NET Developer
16 25 (4.05%) UX Developer
17 24 (3.88%) Agile Developer
18 21 (3.40%) PHP Developer
19 20 (3.24%) C# Developer
20 17 (2.75%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 603 (97.57%) CSS
2 567 (91.75%) HTML
3 493 (79.77%) Sass
4 430 (69.58%) HTML5
5 394 (63.75%) AngularJS
6 390 (63.11%) CSS3
7 250 (40.45%) jQuery
8 218 (35.28%) Node.js
9 185 (29.94%) React
10 162 (26.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 103 (16.67%) RESTful
12 97 (15.70%) .NET
13 94 (15.21%) Backbone.js
14 85 (13.75%) Ajax
15 60 (9.71%) Web Services
16 55 (8.90%) JSON
17 52 (8.41%) KnockoutJS
18 46 (7.44%) ASP.NET
19 45 (7.28%) REST
20 35 (5.66%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 144 (23.30%) User Experience
2 44 (7.12%) Mobile App
3 16 (2.59%) Fintech
4 11 (1.78%) Digital Media
4 11 (1.78%) Social Media
5 9 (1.46%) Equities
6 7 (1.13%) Fixed Income
6 7 (1.13%) Visualisation
7 6 (0.97%) Animation
7 6 (0.97%) Hedge funds
7 6 (0.97%) Management Information System
7 6 (0.97%) W3C
8 5 (0.81%) Computer Science
8 5 (0.81%) Data Centre
8 5 (0.81%) iPad
8 5 (0.81%) Video on Demand
9 4 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (0.65%) Internet of Things
10 3 (0.49%) Algorithms
10 3 (0.49%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 30 (4.85%) Windows
2 28 (4.53%) Linux
3 6 (0.97%) Windows Server
3 6 (0.97%) Windows Server 2008
3 6 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
4 5 (0.81%) Android
4 5 (0.81%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.16%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 344 (55.66%) Agile Software Development
2 306 (49.51%) Front End Development
3 177 (28.64%) Web Development
4 171 (27.67%) TDD
5 140 (22.65%) Responsive Web Design
6 120 (19.42%) MVC
7 114 (18.45%) Scrum
8 98 (15.86%) OO
9 96 (15.53%) BDD
10 92 (14.89%) Continuous Integration
11 63 (10.19%) OOP
12 56 (9.06%) Web Design
13 46 (7.44%) Software Engineering
14 44 (7.12%) E-Commerce
15 43 (6.96%) Kanban
16 38 (6.15%) Continuous Deployment
17 37 (5.99%) Automated Testing
17 37 (5.99%) User Stories
18 33 (5.34%) Pair Programming
19 26 (4.21%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 564 (91.26%) JavaScript
2 95 (15.37%) C#
3 93 (15.05%) PHP
4 63 (10.19%) ES6
5 62 (10.03%) Java
6 22 (3.56%) TypeScript
7 16 (2.59%) SQL
8 14 (2.27%) ECMAScript
9 8 (1.29%) C
9 8 (1.29%) Python
10 7 (1.13%) Ruby
11 5 (0.81%) PHP 5
12 3 (0.49%) Bash Shell
12 3 (0.49%) Clojure
12 3 (0.49%) Haskell
13 2 (0.32%) ActionScript
13 2 (0.32%) ActionScript 3.0
13 2 (0.32%) PL/SQL
14 1 (0.16%) Jython
14 1 (0.16%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 32 (5.18%) Security Cleared
2 24 (3.88%) SC Cleared
3 12 (1.94%) Degree
4 2 (0.32%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.24%) WAI
2 8 (1.29%) QA
2 8 (1.29%) WCAG
3 3 (0.49%) SDET
4 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 18 (2.91%) Docker
2 2 (0.32%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 3 (0.49%) Puppet
2 1 (0.16%) Ansible
2 1 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 49 (7.93%) Adobe
2 29 (4.69%) Microsoft
3 18 (2.91%) Zend
4 14 (2.27%) Oracle
5 9 (1.46%) EPiServer
6 8 (1.29%) Google
7 7 (1.13%) Sitecore
8 6 (0.97%) hybris
8 6 (0.97%) IBM
9 4 (0.65%) Brightcove
9 4 (0.65%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.49%) SAP
11 2 (0.32%) Cisco
11 2 (0.32%) Infragistics
11 2 (0.32%) Syncfusion
11 2 (0.32%) Twitter
12 1 (0.16%) Atlassian
12 1 (0.16%) Facebook
12 1 (0.16%) Rally
12 1 (0.16%) TOWER Software
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