The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 24 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 12 19 17
Rank change year-on-year
+7 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 4352 4187 3981
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 8.85% 7.94% 7.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.52% 27.56% 27.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 3087 3040 2642
Median daily rate £400 £375 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £280 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £538 £500 £488
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 75 40
Median hourly rate £39.20 £32.54 £33.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+20.46% -2.13%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.44 £11.40 £16.15
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.60 £42.75 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £33.55 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-18.03% -4.14%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15262 15191 14306
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 31.04% 28.79% 27.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 10627 10574 9416
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £290 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 277 167
Median hourly rate £41.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+9.33% +7.14%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.35 £17.50 £17.20
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 24 September 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 24 September 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 24 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 2294 £425 +6.25% 643
South East +6 646 £350 +3.32% 277
Yorkshire +4 287 £375 +7.14% 144
West Midlands +5 257 £373 +14.61% 133
North West +1 247 £375 - 224
South West +3 245 £350 +7.69% 134
East Midlands +9 156 £375 +17.18% 111
East of England -14 115 £325 - 137
North East -18 100 £450 +5.88% 24
Midlands -7 2 - - 4
South Coast - 2 £263 -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 24 September 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7807 (93.91%) HTML
2 6623 (79.67%) JavaScript
3 3797 (45.68%) HTML5
4 3717 (44.71%) Agile Software Development
5 2993 (36.00%) CSS3
6 2747 (33.04%) AngularJS
7 2450 (29.47%) jQuery
8 2210 (26.58%) Front End Development
9 1941 (23.35%) Java
10 1847 (22.22%) .NET
11 1816 (21.85%) MVC
12 1804 (21.70%) Web Development
13 1731 (20.82%) TDD
14 1670 (20.09%) C#
15 1496 (18.00%) Git (software)
16 1319 (15.87%) Node.js
17 1307 (15.72%) SQL
18 1273 (15.31%) Scrum
19 1271 (15.29%) User Experience
20 1261 (15.17%) PHP
21 1170 (14.07%) ASP.NET
22 1146 (13.79%) Sass
23 1124 (13.52%) React
24 1075 (12.93%) XML
25 1052 (12.65%) Web Services
26 1045 (12.57%) SQL Server
27 1033 (12.43%) OO
28 973 (11.70%) REST
29 934 (11.24%) Finance
30 933 (11.22%) Ajax

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 690 (8.30%) CMS
2 291 (3.50%) Tomcat
3 274 (3.30%) SharePoint
4 268 (3.22%) WordPress
5 245 (2.95%) Drupal
6 219 (2.63%) Apache
7 201 (2.42%) Confluence
8 183 (2.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 176 (2.12%) JBoss
10 174 (2.09%) IIS
11 125 (1.50%) Umbraco
12 120 (1.44%) WebSphere
13 107 (1.29%) WebLogic
14 106 (1.28%) Sitecore CMS
15 104 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
16 100 (1.20%) SharePoint 2013
17 89 (1.07%) SharePoint 2010
18 82 (0.99%) nginx
19 54 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
20 40 (0.48%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 382 (4.60%) Photoshop
2 229 (2.75%) MS Excel
3 173 (2.08%) Adobe Illustrator
4 110 (1.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 85 (1.02%) MS Office
6 61 (0.73%) OmniGraffle
7 37 (0.45%) InDesign
8 35 (0.42%) MS Visio
9 27 (0.32%) Fireworks
10 25 (0.30%) MS PowerPoint
11 23 (0.28%) InVision
12 21 (0.25%) InfoPath
13 11 (0.13%) GIMP
14 8 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
15 6 (0.072%) SPSS
15 6 (0.072%) Stata
16 5 (0.060%) Acrobat
16 5 (0.060%) Adobe After Effects
17 4 (0.048%) MS Project
18 3 (0.036%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 155 (1.86%) Magento
2 76 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
3 58 (0.70%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 31 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
5 11 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
6 10 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
6 10 (0.12%) WebTrends
7 9 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.084%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.072%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 6 (0.072%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.060%) Eloqua
10 5 (0.060%) Fredhopper
10 5 (0.060%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.048%) nopCommerce
11 4 (0.048%) Unica
11 4 (0.048%) Unit4 Business World
12 3 (0.036%) Oracle Payables
12 3 (0.036%) SAP hybris
13 2 (0.024%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 394 (4.74%) Amazon AWS
2 323 (3.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 225 (2.71%) GitHub
4 96 (1.15%) SaaS
5 78 (0.94%) Office 365
6 64 (0.77%) Google Analytics
7 63 (0.76%) PaaS
8 35 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
9 32 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
10 30 (0.36%) IaaS
11 27 (0.32%) Heroku
12 21 (0.25%) Google Cloud Platform
13 20 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
14 17 (0.20%) CloudBees
14 17 (0.20%) OpenShift
15 16 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
16 13 (0.16%) Amazon S3
17 12 (0.14%) AWS Lambda
18 10 (0.12%) CloudFront
18 10 (0.12%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 375 (4.51%) HTTP
2 177 (2.13%) Internet
3 110 (1.32%) Network Security
4 61 (0.73%) LDAP
5 48 (0.58%) TCP/IP
6 41 (0.49%) DNS
6 41 (0.49%) Firewall
7 34 (0.41%) Intranet
8 30 (0.36%) SNMP
9 29 (0.35%) SSL
10 28 (0.34%) BGP
11 25 (0.30%) Cisco Nexus
12 24 (0.29%) FTP
12 24 (0.29%) OSPF
12 24 (0.29%) VPN
13 23 (0.28%) HTTPS
14 22 (0.26%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
15 21 (0.25%) BIG-IP
16 17 (0.20%) IPsec
17 15 (0.18%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1045 (12.57%) SQL Server
2 870 (10.47%) MySQL
3 455 (5.47%) MongoDB
4 397 (4.78%) Relational Database
5 320 (3.85%) NoSQL
6 277 (3.33%) PostgreSQL
7 122 (1.47%) Oracle Database
8 111 (1.34%) SQL Server 2012
9 109 (1.31%) RDBMS
10 103 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
11 102 (1.23%) SQL Server 2008
12 84 (1.01%) DB2
13 80 (0.96%) Big Data
14 63 (0.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 56 (0.67%) Redis
16 53 (0.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 51 (0.61%) Neo4j
18 50 (0.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 46 (0.55%) Hadoop
20 39 (0.47%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 1496 (18.00%) Git (software)
2 588 (7.07%) Grunt
3 470 (5.65%) Subversion
4 466 (5.61%) gulp
5 448 (5.39%) Jenkins
6 385 (4.63%) JIRA
7 343 (4.13%) Jasmine
8 331 (3.98%) Visual Studio
9 280 (3.37%) Cucumber
10 274 (3.30%) Selenium
11 269 (3.24%) JUnit
12 241 (2.90%) Maven
13 237 (2.85%) Team Foundation Server
14 167 (2.01%) Mocha
15 162 (1.95%) TeamCity
16 158 (1.90%) Eclipse
17 156 (1.88%) webpack
18 152 (1.83%) Karma Test Runner
19 131 (1.58%) Bower
20 108 (1.30%) IntelliJ
General
1 934 (11.24%) Finance
2 470 (5.65%) Banking
3 406 (4.88%) Marketing
4 291 (3.50%) Retail
5 151 (1.82%) Publishing
6 141 (1.70%) Telecoms
7 115 (1.38%) Games
8 111 (1.34%) Advertising
9 96 (1.15%) Manufacturing
10 93 (1.12%) Investment Banking
11 66 (0.79%) Electronics
12 56 (0.67%) Financial Institution
13 43 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
14 38 (0.46%) Automotive
15 37 (0.45%) Back Office
16 36 (0.43%) Front Office
17 33 (0.40%) Legal
18 23 (0.28%) Law
19 21 (0.25%) Military
20 15 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6745 (81.14%) Developer
2 1818 (21.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1467 (17.65%) JavaScript Developer
4 874 (10.51%) .NET Developer
5 811 (9.76%) HTML Developer
6 801 (9.64%) Java Developer
7 664 (7.99%) Senior Developer
8 660 (7.94%) Web Developer
9 631 (7.59%) HTML CSS Developer
10 545 (6.56%) Angular Developer
11 505 (6.07%) C# Developer
12 481 (5.79%) PHP Developer
13 463 (5.57%) Designer
14 452 (5.44%) Full Stack Developer
15 433 (5.21%) UI Developer
16 383 (4.61%) C# .NET Developer
17 315 (3.79%) ASP.NET Developer
18 272 (3.27%) Agile Developer
19 271 (3.26%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 262 (3.15%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7807 (93.91%) HTML
2 3797 (45.68%) HTML5
3 2993 (36.00%) CSS3
4 2747 (33.04%) AngularJS
5 2450 (29.47%) jQuery
6 1847 (22.22%) .NET
7 1319 (15.87%) Node.js
8 1170 (14.07%) ASP.NET
9 1146 (13.79%) Sass
10 1124 (13.52%) React
11 1075 (12.93%) XML
12 1052 (12.65%) Web Services
13 973 (11.70%) REST
14 933 (11.22%) Ajax
15 920 (11.07%) JSON
16 786 (9.46%) Spring
17 777 (9.35%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 657 (7.90%) RESTful
19 607 (7.30%) ASP.NET MVC
20 597 (7.18%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1271 (15.29%) User Experience
2 398 (4.79%) Mobile App
3 296 (3.56%) Analytical Skills
4 257 (3.09%) Computer Science
5 154 (1.85%) Digital Media
6 140 (1.68%) Visualisation
7 109 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
8 77 (0.93%) W3C
9 73 (0.88%) Fintech
10 64 (0.77%) Social Media
11 55 (0.66%) Management Information System
12 53 (0.64%) Algorithms
12 53 (0.64%) N-Tier
13 48 (0.58%) iPad
14 44 (0.53%) NHS
15 42 (0.51%) Animation
15 42 (0.51%) Data Structures
15 42 (0.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 40 (0.48%) e-Learning
16 40 (0.48%) Mathematics
Operating Systems
1 676 (8.13%) Linux
2 357 (4.29%) Windows
3 247 (2.97%) Unix
4 240 (2.89%) Android
5 227 (2.73%) Apple iOS
6 91 (1.09%) Mac OS X
7 64 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 64 (0.77%) Windows Server
8 38 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
9 30 (0.36%) Windows Phone
10 24 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
12 17 (0.20%) webOS
12 17 (0.20%) Windows Phone 7
13 15 (0.18%) Ubuntu
14 14 (0.17%) Solaris
14 14 (0.17%) Windows 8
14 14 (0.17%) Windows Mobile
15 12 (0.14%) Windows 10
16 10 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3717 (44.71%) Agile Software Development
2 2210 (26.58%) Front End Development
3 1816 (21.85%) MVC
4 1804 (21.70%) Web Development
5 1731 (20.82%) TDD
6 1273 (15.31%) Scrum
7 1033 (12.43%) OO
8 865 (10.41%) Responsive Web Design
9 834 (10.03%) Continuous Integration
10 792 (9.53%) BDD
11 754 (9.07%) E-Commerce
12 500 (6.01%) Open Source
13 455 (5.47%) Web Design
14 454 (5.46%) Software Engineering
15 434 (5.22%) OOP
16 411 (4.94%) Unit Testing
17 347 (4.17%) Kanban
18 335 (4.03%) Microservices
19 332 (3.99%) SDLC
20 322 (3.87%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 6623 (79.67%) JavaScript
2 1941 (23.35%) Java
3 1670 (20.09%) C#
4 1307 (15.72%) SQL
5 1261 (15.17%) PHP
6 510 (6.13%) Ruby
7 463 (5.57%) Python
8 377 (4.54%) Scala
9 283 (3.40%) ES6
10 245 (2.95%) T-SQL
11 151 (1.82%) PL/SQL
12 138 (1.66%) VB.NET
13 137 (1.65%) TypeScript
14 134 (1.61%) Perl
15 119 (1.43%) C++
16 107 (1.29%) C
17 88 (1.06%) VB
18 85 (1.02%) Shell Script
19 84 (1.01%) Groovy
20 74 (0.89%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 445 (5.35%) Degree
2 355 (4.27%) Security Cleared
3 236 (2.84%) SC Cleared
4 53 (0.64%) DV Cleared
5 45 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
6 29 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
7 17 (0.20%) BC Cleared
8 16 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
9 15 (0.18%) CCNP
10 14 (0.17%) DBS Check
11 13 (0.16%) CCNA
12 12 (0.14%) MCSE
13 11 (0.13%) PMP
14 10 (0.12%) PMI Certification
15 9 (0.11%) MCSD
16 8 (0.096%) MCSA
16 8 (0.096%) Sun Certification
17 7 (0.084%) CCDP
17 7 (0.084%) ITIL Certification
18 6 (0.072%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 219 (2.63%) QA
2 64 (0.77%) WAI
3 56 (0.67%) Disclosure Scotland
4 39 (0.47%) WCAG
5 34 (0.41%) SLA
6 11 (0.13%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.11%) FATCA
7 9 (0.11%) SDET
8 7 (0.084%) ISO 14001
8 7 (0.084%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.072%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.048%) HL7
11 3 (0.036%) COBIT
11 3 (0.036%) GCP
12 2 (0.024%) Actionable Recommendations
12 2 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 1 (0.012%) MiFID
13 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 221 (2.66%) Docker
2 57 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
3 53 (0.64%) Active Directory
4 29 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.26%) Hyper-V
6 19 (0.23%) Varnish
7 12 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
8 7 (0.084%) KVM
9 4 (0.048%) VMware ESX
10 3 (0.036%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.036%) vSphere
10 3 (0.036%) Xen
10 3 (0.036%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.024%) LXC
11 2 (0.024%) vCloud
12 1 (0.012%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.012%) HDFS
12 1 (0.012%) NFS
12 1 (0.012%) Squid
12 1 (0.012%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 92 (1.11%) Puppet
2 67 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
3 56 (0.67%) Ansible
4 32 (0.38%) Kubernetes
5 19 (0.23%) OPNET
6 17 (0.20%) Kibana
7 12 (0.14%) Terraform
8 11 (0.13%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 11 (0.13%) TeamSite
9 9 (0.11%) logstash
10 8 (0.096%) Oracle Identity Management
11 5 (0.060%) SCOM
11 5 (0.060%) yum
12 4 (0.048%) CA Spectrum
12 4 (0.048%) Capistrano
13 3 (0.036%) Grafana
13 3 (0.036%) Nagios
13 3 (0.036%) Piwik
13 3 (0.036%) Rancher
13 3 (0.036%) SCCM
Vendors
1 614 (7.39%) Microsoft
2 514 (6.18%) Oracle
3 457 (5.50%) Adobe
4 203 (2.44%) Google
5 173 (2.08%) Sitecore
6 152 (1.83%) Zend
7 144 (1.73%) IBM
8 105 (1.26%) ServiceNow
9 97 (1.17%) SAP
10 66 (0.79%) hybris
11 64 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
12 63 (0.76%) EPiServer
12 63 (0.76%) Red Hat
13 60 (0.72%) Atlassian
14 59 (0.71%) New Relic
15 57 (0.69%) Xamarin
16 51 (0.61%) VMware
17 48 (0.58%) Twitter
18 39 (0.47%) Apple
19 34 (0.41%) Cisco
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £200.00 - £250.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: Yesterday
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: ££competitive
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venn Group
Rate: £250 - £320 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £175 - £200 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Source Technology
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £360 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: Yesterday
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Clearwater People Solutions
Rate: £250 - £400 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
Brighton, East Sussex
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Computer People
Rate: £475.00 - £575.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Computer People
Rate: £475.00 - £575.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Reading, Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Bristol, Avon
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar
Rate: £275 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day 6 Month Contract
Posted: Yesterday
London
IntaPeople
Rate: £0 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South East
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: Yesterday
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £ excellent
Posted: Yesterday
Berkshire
Premier IT
Posted: 2 days ago
London
IntaPeople
Rate: £0 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Bristol, Avon
Source Technology
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Macclesfield, Cheshire
Spring Technology
Rate: £400.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Talent International
Rate: £350 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Berkshire
Premier IT
Posted: 2 days ago