The first table below looks at the demand for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 29 July 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category for the England region.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
29 Jul 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
0 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3652 3358 3284
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.40% 7.20% 6.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.54% 25.23% 23.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 2476 2206 2055
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £330 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £240 £215 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £462 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £315 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 49 85
Average hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.94% +13.33%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £16.00 £16.08
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.00 £44.20 £41.60
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +10.00%
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13762 13307 14069
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.90% 28.55% 26.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 8978 8639 8735
Average daily rate £375 £375 £363
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +3.44%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £543
UK excluding London average daily rate £338 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.84% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 201 265 343
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +4.47%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £20.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
CSS
UK

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 29 July 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 29 July 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 29 July 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 1982 £400 +6.66% 695
South East -4 515 £323 +1.77% 351
North West +1 243 £315 +5.00% 238
East of England +3 229 £324 +3.68% 121
South West -4 217 £325 +8.33% 159
West Midlands -6 172 £303 +10.00% 100
Yorkshire +3 158 £279 +1.36% 155
East Midlands +6 99 £275 +3.77% 121
North East -5 26 £300 +5.72% 57
Midlands -7 3 - - 1
South Coast - - - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6957 (93.79%) HTML
2 5779 (77.91%) JavaScript
3 3181 (42.88%) jQuery
4 3150 (42.46%) HTML5
5 2490 (33.57%) CSS3
6 2024 (27.28%) .NET
7 1775 (23.93%) C#
8 1658 (22.35%) MVC
9 1472 (19.84%) ASP.NET
10 1459 (19.67%) PHP
11 1398 (18.85%) Agile Software Development
12 1337 (18.02%) XML
13 1321 (17.81%) Java
14 1287 (17.35%) TDD
15 1254 (16.90%) OO
16 1240 (16.72%) SQL Server
17 1227 (16.54%) Ajax
18 1188 (16.02%) SQL
19 1036 (13.97%) Web Development
20 1002 (13.51%) MySQL
21 936 (12.62%) Web Services
22 931 (12.55%) AngularJS
23 927 (12.50%) Git (software)
24 859 (11.58%) Scrum
25 851 (11.47%) Responsive Web Design
26 815 (10.99%) E-Commerce
27 696 (9.38%) Subversion
28 693 (9.34%) JSON
29 692 (9.33%) CMS
30 658 (8.87%) Backbone.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 29 July 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 692 (9.33%) CMS
2 472 (6.36%) Node.js
3 374 (5.04%) SharePoint
4 304 (4.10%) Apache
5 277 (3.73%) Drupal
6 247 (3.33%) WordPress
7 238 (3.21%) IIS
8 199 (2.68%) Tomcat
9 174 (2.35%) SharePoint 2010
10 160 (2.16%) Umbraco
11 155 (2.09%) SharePoint 2013
12 107 (1.44%) Sitecore CMS
13 91 (1.23%) Adobe CQ
14 83 (1.12%) WebLogic
15 74 (1.00%) WebSphere
16 50 (0.67%) Confluence
17 47 (0.63%) SharePoint Server
18 43 (0.58%) Apache Solr
19 40 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
20 29 (0.39%) nginx
Applications
1 648 (8.74%) Photoshop
2 373 (5.03%) Adobe Illustrator
3 203 (2.74%) MS Excel
4 74 (1.00%) MS Office
5 64 (0.86%) Fireworks
6 57 (0.77%) InDesign
7 47 (0.63%) InfoPath
8 45 (0.61%) OmniGraffle
9 37 (0.50%) MS Visio
10 25 (0.34%) Acrobat
11 23 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
12 13 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
13 6 (0.081%) Adobe Captivate
13 6 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
13 6 (0.081%) MS Project
14 4 (0.054%) PaintShop Pro
14 4 (0.054%) GIMP
15 2 (0.027%) PowerPivot
15 2 (0.027%) RoboHelp
15 2 (0.027%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 165 (2.22%) Magento
2 54 (0.73%) Google Analytics
3 51 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
4 26 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
5 22 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 17 (0.23%) WebTrends
6 17 (0.23%) SiteCatalyst
7 12 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
8 10 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
9 9 (0.12%) Oracle CRM
9 9 (0.12%) Summit
10 8 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
10 8 (0.11%) Tridion
11 4 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
12 3 (0.040%) SAP SD
12 3 (0.040%) osCommerce
12 3 (0.040%) RiskWrite
13 2 (0.027%) Zen Cart
13 2 (0.027%) Markit EDM
13 2 (0.027%) e-Work
Cloud Services
1 87 (1.17%) Microsoft Azure
2 73 (0.98%) Amazon AWS
3 71 (0.96%) SaaS
4 54 (0.73%) GitHub
5 35 (0.47%) Office 365
6 29 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (0.28%) Cloud Computing
8 20 (0.27%) Amazon S3
9 17 (0.23%) Heroku
10 9 (0.12%) Force.com
11 8 (0.11%) Google App Engine
12 6 (0.081%) PaaS
13 5 (0.067%) Rackspace Cloud
14 4 (0.054%) Joyent
15 3 (0.040%) Google Compute Engine
16 2 (0.027%) Trello
16 2 (0.027%) Google Apps
16 2 (0.027%) CloudFront
17 1 (0.013%) Basecamp
17 1 (0.013%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 228 (3.07%) Internet
2 223 (3.01%) HTTP
3 111 (1.50%) Intranet
4 64 (0.86%) LDAP
5 33 (0.44%) Firewall
6 30 (0.40%) FTP
7 28 (0.38%) SSL
8 25 (0.34%) DNS
9 24 (0.32%) TCP/IP
10 22 (0.30%) SMTP
11 21 (0.28%) Extranet
12 19 (0.26%) VPN
13 18 (0.24%) SSH
14 15 (0.20%) HTTPS
15 12 (0.16%) WAN
15 12 (0.16%) Cisco Nexus
16 11 (0.15%) Cisco ASA
16 11 (0.15%) SAN
17 10 (0.13%) MPLS
17 10 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1240 (16.72%) SQL Server
2 1002 (13.51%) MySQL
3 339 (4.57%) SQL Server 2008
4 324 (4.37%) Relational Database
5 183 (2.47%) MongoDB
6 164 (2.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 152 (2.05%) NoSQL
8 133 (1.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 129 (1.74%) SQL Server 2012
10 103 (1.39%) SQL Server 2005
11 100 (1.35%) PostgreSQL
12 92 (1.24%) RDBMS
13 78 (1.05%) Oracle Database
14 68 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
15 66 (0.89%) Big Data
16 50 (0.67%) Redis
17 34 (0.46%) SQL Server 2000
17 34 (0.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 33 (0.44%) Oracle Reports
19 32 (0.43%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 927 (12.50%) Git (software)
2 696 (9.38%) Subversion
3 480 (6.47%) Visual Studio
4 227 (3.06%) JUnit
5 208 (2.80%) Team Foundation Server
6 204 (2.75%) Maven
7 187 (2.52%) Jenkins
8 182 (2.45%) Grunt
8 182 (2.45%) Eclipse
9 170 (2.29%) Jasmine
10 148 (2.00%) JIRA
11 138 (1.86%) Cucumber
12 137 (1.85%) Selenium
13 132 (1.78%) NUnit
14 124 (1.67%) Ant
15 120 (1.62%) Axure RP
16 115 (1.55%) TeamCity
17 105 (1.42%) Dreamweaver
18 92 (1.24%) WebDriver
19 85 (1.15%) Mercurial
General
1 633 (8.53%) Finance
2 311 (4.19%) Retail
3 309 (4.17%) Marketing
4 215 (2.90%) Banking
5 136 (1.83%) Publishing
6 123 (1.66%) Advertising
7 119 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 105 (1.42%) Games
9 81 (1.09%) Investment Banking
10 78 (1.05%) Manufacturing
11 76 (1.02%) Legal
12 42 (0.57%) Back Office
13 39 (0.53%) Front Office
14 37 (0.50%) Electronics
15 32 (0.43%) Financial Institution
16 26 (0.35%) Automotive
17 15 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
18 14 (0.19%) Multimedia
19 9 (0.12%) Law
20 8 (0.11%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6129 (82.62%) Developer
2 1402 (18.90%) Front-End Developer
3 1158 (15.61%) Web Developer
4 907 (12.23%) .NET Developer
5 534 (7.20%) PHP Developer
6 532 (7.17%) Designer
7 511 (6.89%) JavaScript Developer
8 476 (6.42%) Java Developer
9 439 (5.92%) Senior Developer
10 420 (5.66%) C# Developer
11 326 (4.39%) ASP.NET Developer
12 304 (4.10%) C# .NET Developer
13 300 (4.04%) UI Developer
14 276 (3.72%) UI Programmer
15 245 (3.30%) Front-End Web Developer
16 185 (2.49%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 183 (2.47%) SharePoint Developer
18 173 (2.33%) User Experience Designer
19 163 (2.20%) Architect
20 156 (2.10%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6957 (93.79%) HTML
2 3181 (42.88%) jQuery
3 3150 (42.46%) HTML5
4 2490 (33.57%) CSS3
5 2024 (27.28%) .NET
6 1472 (19.84%) ASP.NET
7 1337 (18.02%) XML
8 1227 (16.54%) Ajax
9 936 (12.62%) Web Services
10 931 (12.55%) AngularJS
11 693 (9.34%) JSON
12 658 (8.87%) Backbone.js
13 629 (8.48%) ASP.NET MVC
14 625 (8.43%) XHTML
15 518 (6.98%) .NET Framework
16 468 (6.31%) Spring
17 458 (6.17%) Sass
18 420 (5.66%) WCF
19 398 (5.37%) REST
20 397 (5.35%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 378 (5.10%) Mobile App
2 301 (4.06%) Open Source
3 243 (3.28%) W3C
4 191 (2.57%) Computer Science
5 161 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
6 106 (1.43%) Social Media
7 102 (1.38%) Visualisation
8 88 (1.19%) Graphic Design
9 85 (1.15%) Digital Media
10 71 (0.96%) iPhone
11 67 (0.90%) iPad
12 55 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 51 (0.69%) Management Information System
13 51 (0.69%) RIA
14 43 (0.58%) N-Tier
15 39 (0.53%) Animation
16 38 (0.51%) E-Learning
17 37 (0.50%) GIS
18 33 (0.44%) Client/Server
18 33 (0.44%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 648 (8.74%) Linux
2 392 (5.28%) Windows
3 388 (5.23%) UNIX
4 301 (4.06%) Apple iOS
5 278 (3.75%) Android
6 105 (1.42%) Mac OS X
7 74 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
8 37 (0.50%) Solaris
9 30 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
10 25 (0.34%) Ubuntu
10 25 (0.34%) Windows 7
11 21 (0.28%) Windows Mobile
12 18 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 17 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 17 (0.23%) CentOS
13 17 (0.23%) Windows XP
14 15 (0.20%) Windows Phone
15 14 (0.19%) Windows 8
15 14 (0.19%) AIX
16 12 (0.16%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1658 (22.35%) MVC
2 1398 (18.85%) Agile Software Development
3 1287 (17.35%) TDD
4 1254 (16.90%) OO
5 1036 (13.97%) Web Development
6 859 (11.58%) Scrum
7 851 (11.47%) Responsive Web Design
8 815 (10.99%) E-Commerce
9 505 (6.81%) Web Design
10 488 (6.58%) BDD
11 461 (6.21%) Continuous Integration
12 427 (5.76%) OOP
13 422 (5.69%) Unit Testing
14 305 (4.11%) Content Management
15 257 (3.46%) Software Engineering
16 228 (3.07%) SEO
17 188 (2.53%) SOA
18 182 (2.45%) Configuration Management
19 179 (2.41%) Kanban
20 169 (2.28%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 5779 (77.91%) JavaScript
2 1775 (23.93%) C#
3 1459 (19.67%) PHP
4 1321 (17.81%) Java
5 1188 (16.02%) SQL
6 362 (4.88%) Ruby
7 289 (3.90%) Python
8 267 (3.60%) T-SQL
9 202 (2.72%) PHP5
10 171 (2.31%) VB.NET
11 155 (2.09%) PL/SQL
12 127 (1.71%) Scala
13 98 (1.32%) Perl
14 90 (1.21%) C++
15 77 (1.04%) VB
16 72 (0.97%) C
17 67 (0.90%) Objective-C
18 59 (0.80%) ActionScript
18 59 (0.80%) PowerShell
19 41 (0.55%) VB6
Qualifications
1 399 (5.38%) Degree
2 166 (2.24%) Security Cleared
3 103 (1.39%) SC Cleared
4 38 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
5 14 (0.19%) DV Cleared
6 13 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
7 10 (0.13%) CCNP
7 10 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
8 9 (0.12%) MCPD
8 9 (0.12%) Sun Certification
8 9 (0.12%) ISEB
9 8 (0.11%) MCSD
10 7 (0.094%) OCPJP
10 7 (0.094%) MCTS
10 7 (0.094%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.081%) BC Cleared
11 6 (0.081%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.067%) MCP
13 4 (0.054%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 4 (0.054%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 195 (2.63%) QA
2 47 (0.63%) ISO 9001
3 34 (0.46%) WCAG
4 25 (0.34%) WAI
5 22 (0.30%) SLA
6 9 (0.12%) ISO 14001
7 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.11%) HL7
8 5 (0.067%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.054%) Section 508
10 2 (0.027%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.013%) EMIR
11 1 (0.013%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.013%) COBIT
11 1 (0.013%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.013%) TickIT
System Software
1 44 (0.59%) Active Directory
2 22 (0.30%) Varnish
3 19 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.16%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.067%) Docker
6 4 (0.054%) VMware ESX
7 3 (0.040%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 3 (0.040%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 3 (0.040%) NFS
7 3 (0.040%) vCloud
8 2 (0.027%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.013%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.013%) Squid
9 1 (0.013%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 51 (0.69%) Puppet
2 22 (0.30%) Vagrant
3 16 (0.22%) OpenSSO
3 16 (0.22%) Nagios
4 13 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
5 12 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
5 12 (0.16%) Capistrano
6 8 (0.11%) Control-M
7 7 (0.094%) HP UCMDB
7 7 (0.094%) Ansible
8 4 (0.054%) Graylog2
8 4 (0.054%) Cacti
9 3 (0.040%) SCOM
9 3 (0.040%) ZABBIX
9 3 (0.040%) BMC PATROL
9 3 (0.040%) NetBackup
9 3 (0.040%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.027%) logstash
10 2 (0.027%) Opsview
10 2 (0.027%) OpenIDM
Vendors
1 556 (7.50%) Microsoft
2 512 (6.90%) Adobe
3 453 (6.11%) Oracle
4 258 (3.48%) Zend
5 138 (1.86%) Google
6 133 (1.79%) Sitecore
7 120 (1.62%) Twitter
8 87 (1.17%) JBoss
9 61 (0.82%) SAP
10 60 (0.81%) EPiServer
11 58 (0.78%) hybris
12 55 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
13 54 (0.73%) IBM
14 48 (0.65%) Facebook
14 48 (0.65%) ServiceNow
15 46 (0.62%) Sencha
16 36 (0.49%) Red Hat
17 31 (0.42%) Telerik
18 30 (0.40%) Ektron
19 27 (0.36%) JD Edwards
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive Rates
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 to £375 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 10 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market rates
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Apollo Solutions
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Warwick, Warwickshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Posted: 11 hours ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Verticality Ltd
Rate: £280 to £300 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Thebes IT
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
Energize Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Posted: 12 hours ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £150 - £220 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
JD & Co Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Engage PSG
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Engage PSG
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago