The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 8 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
8 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 20 19
Rank change year-on-year
+2 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3758 3368 3164
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.96% 7.18% 7.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.73% 26.39% 26.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 2709 2316 2057
Average daily rate £375 £375 £338
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +11.02%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £238
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £500 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 36 48
Average hourly rate £34.50 £28.69 £28.75
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+20.25% -0.20%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.00 £15.25 £11.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £40.00 £52.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £31.75 £32.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year
-2.30% +18.18%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13550 12761 12038
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 28.71% 27.20% 27.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 9536 8632 7723
Average daily rate £400 £400 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+4.28% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 178 248
Average hourly rate £40.00 £33.00 £33.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+21.21% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.50 £20.00 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £57.75 £45.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £38.75 £33.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year
+15.67% +3.07%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 8 February 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 8 February 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 8 February 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 1861 £421 +5.25% 820
South East 0 602 £350 +3.70% 374
North West +1 315 £350 +7.69% 228
South West +7 262 £350 - 151
Yorkshire +1 211 £350 +2.94% 165
West Midlands +15 190 £320 -1.53% 187
East Midlands +5 123 £338 +12.50% 171
East of England -9 115 £360 +2.85% 104
North East +6 91 £363 -3.33% 39
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 8 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7558 (94.45%) HTML
2 6665 (83.29%) JavaScript
3 3529 (44.10%) HTML5
4 3514 (43.91%) Agile Software Development
5 2750 (34.37%) jQuery
6 2680 (33.49%) CSS3
7 2442 (30.52%) AngularJS
8 2033 (25.41%) Front End Development
9 1969 (24.61%) .NET
10 1758 (21.97%) C#
11 1742 (21.77%) MVC
12 1660 (20.74%) Java
13 1625 (20.31%) TDD
14 1374 (17.17%) Git (software)
15 1342 (16.77%) SQL
16 1275 (15.93%) PHP
17 1242 (15.52%) ASP.NET
18 1181 (14.76%) User Experience
19 1117 (13.96%) Scrum
20 1088 (13.60%) Node.js
21 1077 (13.46%) SQL Server
22 1076 (13.45%) OO
23 1016 (12.70%) Sass
24 1010 (12.62%) Web Services
25 1002 (12.52%) Web Development
26 940 (11.75%) XML
27 913 (11.41%) Twitter Bootstrap
28 912 (11.40%) Responsive Web Design
29 848 (10.60%) Ajax
30 837 (10.46%) Finance

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 8 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 1088 (13.60%) Node.js
2 665 (8.31%) CMS
3 280 (3.50%) Apache
4 270 (3.37%) SharePoint
5 264 (3.30%) Drupal
6 251 (3.14%) WordPress
7 216 (2.70%) IIS
8 185 (2.31%) Tomcat
9 128 (1.60%) JBoss
10 122 (1.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 113 (1.41%) Umbraco
12 106 (1.32%) Confluence
13 99 (1.24%) SharePoint 2013
14 97 (1.21%) WebSphere
15 90 (1.12%) SharePoint 2010
16 86 (1.07%) WebLogic
17 78 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
18 74 (0.92%) Sitecore CMS
19 55 (0.69%) Apache Solr
20 40 (0.50%) Moodle
Applications
1 464 (5.80%) Photoshop
2 229 (2.86%) Adobe Illustrator
3 185 (2.31%) MS Excel
4 117 (1.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 77 (0.96%) MS Office
6 52 (0.65%) MS Visio
7 51 (0.64%) OmniGraffle
8 29 (0.36%) InfoPath
9 28 (0.35%) MS PowerPoint
10 26 (0.32%) InDesign
11 19 (0.24%) Fireworks
12 12 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
13 10 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
14 8 (0.100%) GIMP
14 8 (0.100%) MS Project
15 7 (0.087%) Acrobat
16 5 (0.062%) Adobe Captivate
16 5 (0.062%) SketchUp
16 5 (0.062%) SPSS
17 4 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 139 (1.74%) Magento
2 54 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 44 (0.55%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 40 (0.50%) Eloqua
5 37 (0.46%) BigMachines
6 23 (0.29%) OpenText Process Suite
7 14 (0.17%) SDL Web 8
8 11 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
9 10 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 10 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
10 9 (0.11%) WebTrends
11 4 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
11 4 (0.050%) Fredhopper
11 4 (0.050%) Unica
12 3 (0.037%) Adobe Campaign
12 3 (0.037%) osCommerce
12 3 (0.037%) ResourceLink
12 3 (0.037%) Sage 200
12 3 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.037%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 241 (3.01%) Amazon AWS
2 207 (2.59%) GitHub
3 158 (1.97%) Microsoft Azure
4 132 (1.65%) SaaS
5 76 (0.95%) Google Analytics
6 52 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
7 40 (0.50%) Amazon EC2
8 35 (0.44%) Adobe Analytics
8 35 (0.44%) Heroku
9 32 (0.40%) Office 365
10 28 (0.35%) PaaS
11 20 (0.25%) Amazon S3
11 20 (0.25%) Force.com
12 17 (0.21%) AWS CloudFormation
13 16 (0.20%) IaaS
14 13 (0.16%) Google Tag Manager
15 12 (0.15%) MailChimp
16 9 (0.11%) Google Cloud Platform
17 7 (0.087%) CloudFront
17 7 (0.087%) Google Apps
Communications & Networking
1 379 (4.74%) HTTP
2 220 (2.75%) Internet
3 126 (1.57%) Intranet
4 76 (0.95%) SSL
5 66 (0.82%) TCP/IP
6 45 (0.56%) Wi-Fi
7 33 (0.41%) FTP
7 33 (0.41%) LDAP
8 32 (0.40%) Firewall
9 31 (0.39%) DNS
9 31 (0.39%) VPN
10 24 (0.30%) Bluetooth
10 24 (0.30%) ZigBee
11 23 (0.29%) 802.15
11 23 (0.29%) X.509
12 22 (0.27%) SMTP
12 22 (0.27%) SSH
13 21 (0.26%) 4G
14 20 (0.25%) 3G
15 15 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1077 (13.46%) SQL Server
2 777 (9.71%) MySQL
3 410 (5.12%) MongoDB
4 380 (4.75%) Relational Database
5 315 (3.94%) NoSQL
6 244 (3.05%) PostgreSQL
7 190 (2.37%) SQL Server 2008
8 118 (1.47%) Oracle Database
9 97 (1.21%) SQL Server 2012
10 89 (1.11%) RDBMS
11 87 (1.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 80 (1.00%) Redis
13 79 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 78 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
15 58 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 56 (0.70%) Big Data
16 56 (0.70%) Oracle Database 11g
17 38 (0.47%) Hadoop
18 30 (0.37%) Jackrabbit
18 30 (0.37%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 1374 (17.17%) Git (software)
2 576 (7.20%) Subversion
3 450 (5.62%) Grunt
4 338 (4.22%) Visual Studio
5 310 (3.87%) JIRA
6 309 (3.86%) Jasmine
7 303 (3.79%) Jenkins
8 281 (3.51%) gulp
9 222 (2.77%) Team Foundation Server
10 217 (2.71%) Maven
11 215 (2.69%) Selenium
12 192 (2.40%) Eclipse
13 185 (2.31%) Cucumber
14 142 (1.77%) TeamCity
15 137 (1.71%) Mocha
16 135 (1.69%) JUnit
17 133 (1.66%) Axure RP
18 128 (1.60%) Protractor
19 125 (1.56%) NUnit
20 113 (1.41%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 837 (10.46%) Finance
2 400 (5.00%) Marketing
3 319 (3.99%) Banking
4 281 (3.51%) Retail
5 142 (1.77%) Telecoms
6 119 (1.49%) Publishing
7 111 (1.39%) Investment Banking
8 103 (1.29%) Games
9 96 (1.20%) Advertising
10 75 (0.94%) Manufacturing
11 57 (0.71%) Electronics
12 49 (0.61%) Legal
13 48 (0.60%) Front Office
14 39 (0.49%) Financial Institution
15 25 (0.31%) Back Office
16 22 (0.27%) Military
17 21 (0.26%) Law
18 19 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
19 15 (0.19%) Local Government
20 13 (0.16%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6701 (83.74%) Developer
2 1756 (21.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1605 (20.06%) JavaScript Developer
4 1069 (13.36%) HTML Developer
5 927 (11.58%) .NET Developer
6 863 (10.78%) HTML CSS Developer
7 849 (10.61%) Web Developer
8 733 (9.16%) Java Developer
9 666 (8.32%) Senior Developer
10 645 (8.06%) C# Developer
11 598 (7.47%) Angular Developer
12 530 (6.62%) PHP Developer
13 486 (6.07%) C# .NET Developer
14 472 (5.90%) Designer
15 455 (5.69%) UI Developer
16 363 (4.54%) ASP.NET Developer
17 292 (3.65%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 269 (3.36%) Full Stack Developer
19 264 (3.30%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 256 (3.20%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7558 (94.45%) HTML
2 3529 (44.10%) HTML5
3 2750 (34.37%) jQuery
4 2680 (33.49%) CSS3
5 2442 (30.52%) AngularJS
6 1969 (24.61%) .NET
7 1242 (15.52%) ASP.NET
8 1016 (12.70%) Sass
9 1010 (12.62%) Web Services
10 940 (11.75%) XML
11 913 (11.41%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 848 (10.60%) Ajax
13 670 (8.37%) Backbone.js
14 665 (8.31%) JSON
15 641 (8.01%) RESTful
16 622 (7.77%) ASP.NET MVC
17 567 (7.09%) REST
18 526 (6.57%) Spring
19 517 (6.46%) React
20 481 (6.01%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1181 (14.76%) User Experience
2 395 (4.94%) Mobile App
3 296 (3.70%) Analytical Skills
4 218 (2.72%) Computer Science
5 194 (2.42%) Visualisation
6 117 (1.46%) W3C
7 97 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
8 96 (1.20%) Social Media
9 80 (1.00%) N-Tier
10 77 (0.96%) Digital Media
11 75 (0.94%) Animation
12 62 (0.77%) Graphic Design
13 55 (0.69%) Algorithms
13 55 (0.69%) Fintech
14 42 (0.52%) Inversion of Control
15 41 (0.51%) iPad
16 40 (0.50%) Management Information System
17 39 (0.49%) Online Games
18 37 (0.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 35 (0.44%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 700 (8.75%) Linux
2 383 (4.79%) Unix
3 313 (3.91%) Windows
4 171 (2.14%) Android
5 170 (2.12%) Mac OS X
6 164 (2.05%) Apple iOS
7 107 (1.34%) Windows Server
8 58 (0.72%) Mac OS
9 41 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 40 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
11 25 (0.31%) Ubuntu
12 19 (0.24%) CentOS
13 16 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
13 16 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
14 15 (0.19%) Solaris
15 12 (0.15%) Windows 8
16 10 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
17 9 (0.11%) AIX
18 8 (0.100%) Debian
18 8 (0.100%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3514 (43.91%) Agile Software Development
2 2033 (25.41%) Front End Development
3 1742 (21.77%) MVC
4 1625 (20.31%) TDD
5 1117 (13.96%) Scrum
6 1076 (13.45%) OO
7 1002 (12.52%) Web Development
8 912 (11.40%) Responsive Web Design
9 789 (9.86%) E-Commerce
10 787 (9.84%) BDD
11 632 (7.90%) Continuous Integration
12 504 (6.30%) Web Design
13 500 (6.25%) Unit Testing
14 312 (3.90%) OOP
15 307 (3.84%) Software Engineering
16 278 (3.47%) Open Source
17 268 (3.35%) Kanban
18 251 (3.14%) SOA
19 240 (3.00%) SDLC
20 221 (2.76%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 6665 (83.29%) JavaScript
2 1758 (21.97%) C#
3 1660 (20.74%) Java
4 1342 (16.77%) SQL
5 1275 (15.93%) PHP
6 567 (7.09%) Python
7 436 (5.45%) Ruby
8 247 (3.09%) Scala
9 230 (2.87%) T-SQL
10 163 (2.04%) C++
11 140 (1.75%) ES6
12 135 (1.69%) Perl
13 128 (1.60%) C
14 120 (1.50%) VB.NET
15 118 (1.47%) PL/SQL
16 112 (1.40%) VB
17 109 (1.36%) PowerShell
17 109 (1.36%) Shell Script
18 97 (1.21%) TypeScript
19 76 (0.95%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 392 (4.90%) Degree
2 296 (3.70%) Security Cleared
3 156 (1.95%) SC Cleared
4 40 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
5 39 (0.49%) DV Cleared
6 32 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 20 (0.25%) BC Cleared
8 12 (0.15%) MCSD
9 11 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
10 10 (0.12%) MCTS
11 9 (0.11%) MCAD
12 8 (0.100%) CCNP
12 8 (0.100%) MCITP
13 6 (0.075%) CCNA
13 6 (0.075%) ITIL Certification
14 5 (0.062%) PhD
15 4 (0.050%) ECDL
15 4 (0.050%) ISEB
15 4 (0.050%) MCP
15 4 (0.050%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 156 (1.95%) QA
2 73 (0.91%) Disclosure Scotland
3 55 (0.69%) WCAG
4 18 (0.22%) WAI
5 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.087%) SLA
7 6 (0.075%) HL7
8 5 (0.062%) ISO 9001
9 4 (0.050%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.050%) ISO 14001
10 3 (0.037%) Basel III
10 3 (0.037%) CRD IV
10 3 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.037%) SDET
11 2 (0.025%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 1 (0.012%) ARP4754
12 1 (0.012%) ARP4761
12 1 (0.012%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 1 (0.012%) MiFID
12 1 (0.012%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 50 (0.62%) Docker
2 49 (0.61%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.32%) Varnish
4 7 (0.087%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (0.087%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.075%) BitLocker
6 4 (0.050%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.050%) vCloud
7 3 (0.037%) Shibboleth
7 3 (0.037%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.025%) ProxySG
9 1 (0.012%) KVM
9 1 (0.012%) LXC
9 1 (0.012%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 66 (0.82%) Puppet
2 64 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
3 22 (0.27%) Ansible
4 20 (0.25%) Capistrano
5 15 (0.19%) yum
6 14 (0.17%) Kibana
7 9 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
7 9 (0.11%) logstash
8 8 (0.100%) Salt
9 6 (0.075%) Rundeck
10 5 (0.062%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 4 (0.050%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 4 (0.050%) SCOM
11 4 (0.050%) ZABBIX
12 3 (0.037%) Nagios
12 3 (0.037%) TeamSite
13 2 (0.025%) CA Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.025%) MIMEsweeper
13 2 (0.025%) OpenView
13 2 (0.025%) ServiceCenter
Vendors
1 518 (6.47%) Microsoft
2 450 (5.62%) Adobe
3 422 (5.27%) Oracle
4 144 (1.80%) Google
5 129 (1.61%) Zend
6 107 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
7 106 (1.32%) Twitter
8 100 (1.25%) Sitecore
9 91 (1.14%) ServiceNow
10 85 (1.06%) SAP
11 82 (1.02%) EPiServer
12 71 (0.89%) IBM
13 59 (0.74%) Siebel
13 59 (0.74%) Telerik
14 43 (0.54%) hybris
15 42 (0.52%) Facebook
16 33 (0.41%) Red Hat
17 27 (0.34%) Atlassian
17 27 (0.34%) VMware
18 24 (0.30%) ATG
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £425 per day + DOE
Posted: 1 hour ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £20000 - £25000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Melksham, Wiltshire
Randstad Technologies
Rate: £350 - £410 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxfordshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £449 - £501 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £400 - £525 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Intapeople
Rate: £420 - £460 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 2 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Computer People
Rate: £280.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Sittingbourne, Kent
1st Choice Computer Appointments Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Isle of Wight
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Experis Ltd
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Comtecs
Rate: £400 - £435 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Square One Resources
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 2 days ago
Leicestershire
Ampersand Consulting
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Southampton, Hampshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
East Midlands
Xpertise Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £340 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
24 Seven
Rate: From £300 to £400 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
24 Seven
Rate: From £300 to £400 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxfordshire
Volt
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 2 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Sanger Institute
Rate: £31033 - £39142 per annum + plus excellent benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Vita Exclusive Recruitment/Amelco
Rate: From £350 to £450 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago