The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 18 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
18 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
UK / England
Rank 14 18 19
Rank change year-on-year
+4 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3310 3745 3381
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.97% 8.05% 7.42%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.77% 27.39% 26.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 2238 2720 2389
Median daily rate £400 £385 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.89% +2.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 55 38
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £28.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% +21.99%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.80 £14.00 £13.53
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £55.00 £45.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £33.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
-1.51% +1.53%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
12845 13674 12584
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 30.92% 29.38% 27.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 8890 9484 8641
Median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.03% +3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 247 165
Median hourly rate £37.50 £38.50 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-2.59% +14.92%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.00 £20.50 £19.46
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £56.27 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.50 £33.50
% change year-on-year
- +11.94%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 18 January 2017.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 18 January 2017.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 18 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1637 £443 +5.98% 564
South East -4 484 £375 +6.76% 296
Yorkshire +7 224 £365 -3.31% 138
West Midlands +8 219 £375 +17.18% 173
North West +1 193 £350 - 165
South West -3 185 £363 - 128
East Midlands +7 143 £350 +7.69% 113
East of England +7 115 £345 -4.16% 132
North East -5 95 £400 - 17
Midlands - 10 £600 - 3
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 18 January 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7213 (93.22%) HTML
2 6050 (78.19%) JavaScript
3 3406 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
4 3254 (42.05%) HTML5
5 2605 (33.67%) CSS3
6 2518 (32.54%) AngularJS
7 2196 (28.38%) jQuery
8 1989 (25.70%) Front End Development
9 1636 (21.14%) Java
10 1631 (21.08%) .NET
11 1565 (20.22%) TDD
12 1550 (20.03%) MVC
13 1545 (19.97%) Web Development
14 1473 (19.04%) C#
15 1381 (17.85%) Git (software)
16 1213 (15.68%) Scrum
17 1183 (15.29%) User Experience
18 1159 (14.98%) SQL
19 1153 (14.90%) Node.js
20 1115 (14.41%) React
21 1067 (13.79%) Sass
22 1064 (13.75%) PHP
23 1004 (12.97%) XML
24 997 (12.88%) Web Services
25 992 (12.82%) ASP.NET
26 947 (12.24%) OO
27 942 (12.17%) Finance
28 920 (11.89%) JSON
29 918 (11.86%) REST
30 913 (11.80%) SQL Server

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 592 (7.65%) CMS
2 255 (3.30%) Drupal
3 243 (3.14%) SharePoint
4 230 (2.97%) Apache
5 206 (2.66%) Confluence
6 199 (2.57%) WordPress
7 184 (2.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 168 (2.17%) Tomcat
9 137 (1.77%) IIS
10 135 (1.74%) Umbraco
11 119 (1.54%) JBoss
12 105 (1.36%) WebSphere
13 103 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
14 96 (1.24%) Sitecore CMS
15 89 (1.15%) SharePoint 2013
16 71 (0.92%) Apache Solr
17 66 (0.85%) SharePoint 2010
18 53 (0.68%) WebLogic
19 49 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
20 41 (0.53%) nginx
Applications
1 296 (3.83%) Photoshop
2 184 (2.38%) MS Excel
3 121 (1.56%) Adobe Illustrator
4 93 (1.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 50 (0.65%) MS Office
6 36 (0.47%) OmniGraffle
7 30 (0.39%) Fireworks
8 20 (0.26%) InDesign
9 19 (0.25%) MS Visio
10 16 (0.21%) InVision
11 14 (0.18%) GIMP
12 12 (0.16%) MS PowerPoint
13 9 (0.12%) InfoPath
14 8 (0.10%) Pixelmator
15 6 (0.078%) HipChat
16 5 (0.065%) Adobe After Effects
16 5 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
17 4 (0.052%) UXPin
18 3 (0.039%) Edge Animate
19 2 (0.026%) MS Project
Business Applications
1 136 (1.76%) Magento
2 101 (1.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 69 (0.89%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 44 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
5 43 (0.56%) Adobe Campaign
6 18 (0.23%) Unica
7 9 (0.12%) Fredhopper
8 8 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
9 5 (0.065%) SAP hybris
10 4 (0.052%) nopCommerce
10 4 (0.052%) SAP CRM
10 4 (0.052%) WebTrends
11 3 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.039%) Payment Gateway
11 3 (0.039%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.039%) SAP Business One
11 3 (0.039%) Shopify
12 2 (0.026%) Eloqua
12 2 (0.026%) OpenCart
12 2 (0.026%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 416 (5.38%) Amazon AWS
2 307 (3.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 215 (2.78%) GitHub
4 83 (1.07%) PaaS
5 82 (1.06%) SaaS
6 73 (0.94%) Google Analytics
7 68 (0.88%) Office 365
8 47 (0.61%) IaaS
9 44 (0.57%) Heroku
10 33 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
11 26 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
12 24 (0.31%) Adobe Analytics
12 24 (0.31%) CloudBees
12 24 (0.31%) Google Cloud Platform
13 23 (0.30%) OpenShift
14 17 (0.22%) AWS Lambda
15 16 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
16 14 (0.18%) Amazon S3
17 13 (0.17%) Amazon Kinesis
18 11 (0.14%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 313 (4.04%) HTTP
2 161 (2.08%) Internet
3 80 (1.03%) TCP/IP
4 53 (0.68%) LDAP
5 51 (0.66%) Network Security
6 47 (0.61%) DNS
7 46 (0.59%) Intranet
8 41 (0.53%) SSL
9 30 (0.39%) SNMP
10 27 (0.35%) HTTPS
11 26 (0.34%) Firewall
12 22 (0.28%) SMTP
13 19 (0.25%) FTP
14 17 (0.22%) LAN
14 17 (0.22%) WAN
15 15 (0.19%) Broadband
16 14 (0.18%) SSH
17 12 (0.16%) SMS
18 10 (0.13%) Cisco Nexus
18 10 (0.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 913 (11.80%) SQL Server
2 744 (9.61%) MySQL
3 418 (5.40%) MongoDB
4 391 (5.05%) Relational Database
5 377 (4.87%) NoSQL
6 269 (3.48%) PostgreSQL
7 137 (1.77%) Apache Cassandra
8 129 (1.67%) SQL Server 2008
9 114 (1.47%) Big Data
10 102 (1.32%) SQL Server 2012
11 101 (1.31%) Oracle Database
12 83 (1.07%) RDBMS
13 73 (0.94%) Hadoop
14 60 (0.78%) Redis
15 58 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 58 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 56 (0.72%) DB2
17 45 (0.58%) HBase
18 43 (0.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 34 (0.44%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1381 (17.85%) Git (software)
2 454 (5.87%) Jenkins
3 435 (5.62%) Grunt
4 388 (5.01%) gulp
5 371 (4.79%) JIRA
6 354 (4.57%) Jasmine
7 316 (4.08%) Subversion
8 299 (3.86%) Visual Studio
9 292 (3.77%) Cucumber
10 274 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
11 268 (3.46%) Selenium
12 248 (3.20%) Maven
13 205 (2.65%) webpack
14 184 (2.38%) JUnit
15 152 (1.96%) Mocha
16 147 (1.90%) Eclipse
17 146 (1.89%) TeamCity
18 135 (1.74%) Karma Test Runner
19 123 (1.59%) Bower
20 120 (1.55%) Protractor
General
1 942 (12.17%) Finance
2 423 (5.47%) Banking
3 397 (5.13%) Marketing
4 272 (3.52%) Retail
5 166 (2.15%) Telecoms
6 139 (1.80%) Publishing
7 138 (1.78%) Manufacturing
8 129 (1.67%) Advertising
9 120 (1.55%) Investment Banking
10 95 (1.23%) Games
11 68 (0.88%) Electronics
12 58 (0.75%) Front Office
13 50 (0.65%) Back Office
14 43 (0.56%) Legal
15 38 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
16 30 (0.39%) Financial Institution
17 21 (0.27%) Law
18 20 (0.26%) Automotive
19 16 (0.21%) Local Government
19 16 (0.21%) Military
Job Titles
1 6243 (80.68%) Developer
2 1646 (21.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1344 (17.37%) JavaScript Developer
4 774 (10.00%) HTML Developer
5 762 (9.85%) .NET Developer
6 706 (9.12%) Java Developer
7 617 (7.97%) HTML CSS Developer
8 592 (7.65%) Senior Developer
9 556 (7.19%) Angular Developer
10 555 (7.17%) Web Developer
11 486 (6.28%) Designer
12 462 (5.97%) C# Developer
13 407 (5.26%) Full Stack Developer
14 403 (5.21%) PHP Developer
15 401 (5.18%) UI Developer
16 347 (4.48%) C# .NET Developer
17 293 (3.79%) UX Designer
18 257 (3.32%) Architect
19 240 (3.10%) ASP.NET Developer
20 205 (2.65%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7213 (93.22%) HTML
2 3254 (42.05%) HTML5
3 2605 (33.67%) CSS3
4 2518 (32.54%) AngularJS
5 2196 (28.38%) jQuery
6 1631 (21.08%) .NET
7 1153 (14.90%) Node.js
8 1115 (14.41%) React
9 1067 (13.79%) Sass
10 1004 (12.97%) XML
11 997 (12.88%) Web Services
12 992 (12.82%) ASP.NET
13 920 (11.89%) JSON
14 918 (11.86%) REST
15 827 (10.69%) Ajax
16 705 (9.11%) RESTful
17 691 (8.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 658 (8.50%) Spring
19 503 (6.50%) LESS
20 492 (6.36%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 1183 (15.29%) User Experience
2 419 (5.41%) Mobile App
3 312 (4.03%) Analytical Skills
4 205 (2.65%) Computer Science
5 180 (2.33%) Visualisation
6 91 (1.18%) W3C
7 90 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
8 87 (1.12%) Fintech
9 67 (0.87%) Digital Media
10 65 (0.84%) Social Media
11 52 (0.67%) Data Structures
12 51 (0.66%) Virtual Team
13 48 (0.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 47 (0.61%) Mathematics
15 43 (0.56%) iPad
15 43 (0.56%) Management Information System
15 43 (0.56%) N-Tier
16 42 (0.54%) NHS
17 35 (0.45%) Graphic Design
18 32 (0.41%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 650 (8.40%) Linux
2 320 (4.14%) Windows
3 246 (3.18%) Unix
4 230 (2.97%) Apple iOS
5 215 (2.78%) Android
6 87 (1.12%) Mac OS X
7 66 (0.85%) Windows Server
8 49 (0.63%) Ubuntu
9 43 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 40 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 28 (0.36%) CentOS
12 15 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
12 15 (0.19%) Windows Phone
13 13 (0.17%) webOS
13 13 (0.17%) Windows Phone 7
14 12 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.13%) AIX
16 9 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
17 8 (0.10%) Windows 8
18 7 (0.090%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3406 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
2 1989 (25.70%) Front End Development
3 1565 (20.22%) TDD
4 1550 (20.03%) MVC
5 1545 (19.97%) Web Development
6 1213 (15.68%) Scrum
7 947 (12.24%) OO
8 773 (9.99%) BDD
9 738 (9.54%) E-Commerce
10 736 (9.51%) Continuous Integration
11 680 (8.79%) Responsive Web Design
12 467 (6.04%) Software Engineering
13 430 (5.56%) Open Source
14 426 (5.51%) Web Design
15 367 (4.74%) Unit Testing
16 365 (4.72%) Kanban
17 353 (4.56%) Prototyping
18 349 (4.51%) Microservices
19 317 (4.10%) OOP
20 304 (3.93%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6050 (78.19%) JavaScript
2 1636 (21.14%) Java
3 1473 (19.04%) C#
4 1159 (14.98%) SQL
5 1064 (13.75%) PHP
6 465 (6.01%) Python
7 393 (5.08%) Ruby
8 321 (4.15%) Scala
9 262 (3.39%) ES6
10 179 (2.31%) T-SQL
11 144 (1.86%) VB.NET
12 127 (1.64%) TypeScript
13 91 (1.18%) Perl
14 86 (1.11%) PL/SQL
15 83 (1.07%) C++
16 81 (1.05%) Shell Script
17 79 (1.02%) PowerShell
18 73 (0.94%) Groovy
19 70 (0.90%) C
20 67 (0.87%) XPath
Qualifications
1 397 (5.13%) Degree
2 371 (4.79%) Security Cleared
3 221 (2.86%) SC Cleared
4 58 (0.75%) DV Cleared
5 45 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
6 29 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
7 15 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.16%) BC Cleared
9 11 (0.14%) CCNP
9 11 (0.14%) DBS Check
10 10 (0.13%) CCNA
10 10 (0.13%) ISTQB
10 10 (0.13%) MCTS
11 9 (0.12%) ISEB
12 8 (0.10%) CCDP
13 7 (0.090%) CCDA
13 7 (0.090%) CCVP
14 6 (0.078%) Sun Certification
15 5 (0.065%) ITIL Certification
16 4 (0.052%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 260 (3.36%) QA
2 43 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
3 30 (0.39%) WCAG
4 28 (0.36%) WAI
5 19 (0.25%) FATCA
6 14 (0.18%) SLA
7 11 (0.14%) Data Quality
8 9 (0.12%) SDET
9 8 (0.10%) Actionable Recommendations
10 6 (0.078%) PCI DSS
11 5 (0.065%) HL7
12 3 (0.039%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 2 (0.026%) GCP
13 2 (0.026%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.013%) Dodd-Frank
14 1 (0.013%) EMIR
14 1 (0.013%) MiFID
System Software
1 261 (3.37%) Docker
2 39 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 37 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.16%) Varnish
6 10 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (0.10%) LXC
8 7 (0.090%) vSphere
9 6 (0.078%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.065%) HDFS
10 5 (0.065%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.026%) vCloud
11 2 (0.026%) Xen
12 1 (0.013%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.013%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.013%) KVM
12 1 (0.013%) NFS
12 1 (0.013%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.013%) Squid
12 1 (0.013%) VMware ESX
Systems Management
1 85 (1.10%) Puppet
2 63 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
3 49 (0.63%) Ansible
4 38 (0.49%) Kubernetes
5 15 (0.19%) Terraform
6 13 (0.17%) Kibana
7 12 (0.16%) Nagios
8 10 (0.13%) Capistrano
9 9 (0.12%) TeamSite
10 7 (0.090%) logstash
11 6 (0.078%) OPNET
11 6 (0.078%) Salt
12 5 (0.065%) WMI
12 5 (0.065%) ZABBIX
13 4 (0.052%) Grafana
13 4 (0.052%) SCCM
13 4 (0.052%) SCOM
14 3 (0.039%) Consul
14 3 (0.039%) HP Quality Center
14 3 (0.039%) Packer
Vendors
1 610 (7.88%) Microsoft
2 439 (5.67%) Adobe
3 424 (5.48%) Oracle
4 208 (2.69%) Google
5 146 (1.89%) Sitecore
6 132 (1.71%) Zend
7 111 (1.43%) SAP
8 103 (1.33%) ServiceNow
9 88 (1.14%) Xamarin
10 81 (1.05%) hybris
11 72 (0.93%) IBM
12 62 (0.80%) Red Hat
13 60 (0.78%) New Relic
13 60 (0.78%) Splunk
14 54 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
15 45 (0.58%) Atlassian
15 45 (0.58%) MuleSoft
16 41 (0.53%) Apple
16 41 (0.53%) VMware
17 38 (0.49%) EPiServer
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
ISL
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + DOE
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Ebury
Rate: £40.26 per hour
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
Norwich, Norfolk
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400 - £500 / Day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Sopra Steria Recruitment
Rate: Up to £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Parallel Consulting
Rate: £500 per day + extensions likely
Posted: 19 hours ago
Hampshire
Randstad Technologies
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Hampshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Experis Ltd
Posted: 20 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Austin Fraser
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 11 hours ago
Gloucester, Gloucestershire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Posted: 10 hours ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Uniting Ambition
Rate: Market related
Posted: Yesterday
London
Stott & May
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £350 - £500 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 11 hours ago
Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £280 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £450 to £450 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
West London
Anonymous
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 18 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Barrow-In-Furness, Cumbria
Oscar
Rate: £225 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Livedrive
Rate: Competitive + Benefits
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
Square One Resources
Rate: £360 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Rate: 350-400
Posted: Yesterday