The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 2 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
2 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 23 18
Rank change year-on-year
+5 -5
Contract jobs citing CSS 3935 3557 3811
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.70% 6.91% 7.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.54% 25.38% 27.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 2850 2392 2647
Median daily rate £400 £360 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+10.97% +2.85%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £530 £476 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 38 29
Median hourly rate £22.00 £32.52 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-32.34% +1.62%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £9.00 £16.19 £15.67
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £45.40 £42.10 £46.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £36.50 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-31.50% +14.06%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14288 14017 13683
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.96% 27.22% 27.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 10113 9215 9082
Median daily rate £420 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.38% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £283 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 184 191
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £18.15 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £47.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.50 £37.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-6.75% +5.71%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 2 May 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 2 May 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 2 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1986 £425 +9.67% 666
South East +7 689 £350 +7.69% 283
North West +12 320 £375 +13.63% 206
Yorkshire -1 237 £400 +21.21% 160
West Midlands 0 209 £350 +11.55% 159
South West -2 205 £350 - 124
East of England -15 120 £350 +7.69% 114
East Midlands +1 108 £290 -3.33% 75
North East -9 65 £385 +18.46% 23
Midlands -5 1 £500 - 2
South Coast - 1 £313 -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 2 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7118 (93.69%) HTML
2 6280 (82.66%) JavaScript
3 3460 (45.54%) Agile Software Development
4 3450 (45.41%) HTML5
5 2698 (35.51%) CSS3
6 2396 (31.54%) jQuery
7 2374 (31.25%) AngularJS
8 1914 (25.19%) Front End Development
9 1851 (24.36%) Java
10 1719 (22.63%) Web Development
11 1698 (22.35%) .NET
12 1693 (22.29%) MVC
13 1590 (20.93%) C#
14 1500 (19.74%) TDD
15 1289 (16.97%) Git (software)
16 1220 (16.06%) SQL
17 1197 (15.76%) User Experience
18 1174 (15.45%) Scrum
19 1170 (15.40%) PHP
20 1096 (14.43%) ASP.NET
21 1046 (13.77%) Node.js
22 1026 (13.51%) Sass
22 1026 (13.51%) SQL Server
23 995 (13.10%) OO
24 964 (12.69%) XML
25 918 (12.08%) Web Services
26 861 (11.33%) Ajax
27 841 (11.07%) Finance
28 826 (10.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 805 (10.60%) MySQL

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1046 (13.77%) Node.js
2 569 (7.49%) CMS
3 250 (3.29%) WordPress
4 246 (3.24%) Tomcat
5 237 (3.12%) Apache
6 208 (2.74%) SharePoint
7 199 (2.62%) IIS
8 188 (2.47%) Drupal
9 152 (2.00%) Confluence
10 142 (1.87%) JBoss
11 101 (1.33%) Umbraco
12 89 (1.17%) WebSphere
13 83 (1.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 77 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
15 67 (0.88%) SharePoint 2013
16 65 (0.86%) nginx
17 63 (0.83%) Sitecore CMS
17 63 (0.83%) WebLogic
18 48 (0.63%) Apache Solr
18 48 (0.63%) Jetty
Applications
1 359 (4.73%) Photoshop
2 186 (2.45%) MS Excel
3 168 (2.21%) Adobe Illustrator
4 132 (1.74%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 84 (1.11%) MS Office
6 66 (0.87%) MS Visio
7 56 (0.74%) OmniGraffle
8 35 (0.46%) MS PowerPoint
9 30 (0.39%) InfoPath
10 20 (0.26%) SPSS
11 18 (0.24%) Fireworks
12 11 (0.14%) Stata
13 10 (0.13%) InDesign
14 9 (0.12%) GIMP
15 8 (0.11%) Acrobat
16 7 (0.092%) Adobe Captivate
17 4 (0.053%) MS Project
18 3 (0.039%) Adobe After Effects
19 2 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
19 2 (0.026%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 128 (1.68%) Magento
2 50 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 45 (0.59%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 39 (0.51%) Eloqua
5 34 (0.45%) BigMachines
6 14 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
7 13 (0.17%) WebTrends
8 10 (0.13%) OpenText Process Suite
8 10 (0.13%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 8 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
10 7 (0.092%) Adobe Campaign
10 7 (0.092%) Unica
11 5 (0.066%) ION MarketView
11 5 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.053%) Dynamics AX
12 4 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
12 4 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 3 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
13 3 (0.039%) Oracle Payables
14 2 (0.026%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 272 (3.58%) Amazon AWS
2 176 (2.32%) GitHub
3 169 (2.22%) Microsoft Azure
4 129 (1.70%) SaaS
5 62 (0.82%) Google Analytics
6 52 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
7 46 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
8 37 (0.49%) Office 365
9 30 (0.39%) Heroku
10 26 (0.34%) Force.com
11 25 (0.33%) AWS CloudFormation
12 23 (0.30%) Google Cloud Platform
13 19 (0.25%) Adobe Analytics
13 19 (0.25%) Amazon S3
14 16 (0.21%) PaaS
15 15 (0.20%) Google App Engine
16 14 (0.18%) MailChimp
17 13 (0.17%) Google Tag Manager
18 12 (0.16%) CloudFront
19 10 (0.13%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 425 (5.59%) HTTP
2 165 (2.17%) Internet
3 92 (1.21%) TCP/IP
4 72 (0.95%) Intranet
5 68 (0.90%) SSL
6 56 (0.74%) DNS
7 49 (0.64%) Network Security
8 37 (0.49%) LDAP
9 35 (0.46%) VPN
10 25 (0.33%) SNMP
11 24 (0.32%) Bluetooth
11 24 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
11 24 (0.32%) ZigBee
12 23 (0.30%) 802.15
12 23 (0.30%) X.509
13 19 (0.25%) DHCP
13 19 (0.25%) HTTPS
14 18 (0.24%) Firewall
14 18 (0.24%) SMTP
15 17 (0.22%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1026 (13.51%) SQL Server
2 805 (10.60%) MySQL
3 405 (5.33%) MongoDB
4 370 (4.87%) Relational Database
5 326 (4.29%) NoSQL
6 249 (3.28%) PostgreSQL
7 145 (1.91%) SQL Server 2008
8 111 (1.46%) Oracle Database
9 99 (1.30%) RDBMS
10 90 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
10 90 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
11 76 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 75 (0.99%) Big Data
13 65 (0.86%) Hadoop
14 61 (0.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 57 (0.75%) Redis
16 54 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 48 (0.63%) Neo4j
18 45 (0.59%) Apache Hive
19 43 (0.57%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 1289 (16.97%) Git (software)
2 582 (7.66%) Subversion
3 446 (5.87%) Grunt
4 336 (4.42%) JIRA
5 330 (4.34%) Jenkins
6 327 (4.30%) gulp
7 292 (3.84%) Visual Studio
8 286 (3.76%) Jasmine
9 279 (3.67%) JUnit
10 225 (2.96%) Maven
11 214 (2.82%) Selenium
12 190 (2.50%) Cucumber
13 163 (2.15%) Team Foundation Server
14 160 (2.11%) Mocha
15 152 (2.00%) Eclipse
16 137 (1.80%) Karma Test Runner
17 133 (1.75%) TeamCity
18 117 (1.54%) NUnit
19 109 (1.43%) Axure RP
20 103 (1.36%) Ant
General
1 841 (11.07%) Finance
2 389 (5.12%) Banking
3 354 (4.66%) Marketing
4 242 (3.19%) Retail
5 133 (1.75%) Investment Banking
6 127 (1.67%) Publishing
7 122 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 100 (1.32%) Games
9 74 (0.97%) Advertising
10 66 (0.87%) Manufacturing
11 54 (0.71%) Electronics
12 50 (0.66%) Front Office
13 41 (0.54%) Legal
14 33 (0.43%) Law
15 31 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
16 27 (0.36%) Financial Institution
17 26 (0.34%) Back Office
18 19 (0.25%) Local Government
19 14 (0.18%) Retail Banking
20 13 (0.17%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6250 (82.27%) Developer
2 1601 (21.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1475 (19.42%) JavaScript Developer
4 889 (11.70%) .NET Developer
5 818 (10.77%) HTML Developer
6 781 (10.28%) Java Developer
7 727 (9.57%) Web Developer
8 667 (8.78%) HTML CSS Developer
9 644 (8.48%) Senior Developer
10 607 (7.99%) C# Developer
11 528 (6.95%) Angular Developer
12 467 (6.15%) PHP Developer
13 466 (6.13%) Designer
14 456 (6.00%) C# .NET Developer
15 450 (5.92%) UI Developer
16 361 (4.75%) ASP.NET Developer
17 355 (4.67%) Full Stack Developer
18 311 (4.09%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 270 (3.55%) Agile Developer
20 247 (3.25%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7118 (93.69%) HTML
2 3450 (45.41%) HTML5
3 2698 (35.51%) CSS3
4 2396 (31.54%) jQuery
5 2374 (31.25%) AngularJS
6 1698 (22.35%) .NET
7 1096 (14.43%) ASP.NET
8 1026 (13.51%) Sass
9 964 (12.69%) XML
10 918 (12.08%) Web Services
11 861 (11.33%) Ajax
12 826 (10.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 712 (9.37%) JSON
14 706 (9.29%) Spring
15 704 (9.27%) React
16 661 (8.70%) REST
17 620 (8.16%) ASP.NET MVC
18 586 (7.71%) RESTful
19 567 (7.46%) Backbone.js
20 486 (6.40%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1197 (15.76%) User Experience
2 439 (5.78%) Mobile App
3 219 (2.88%) Analytical Skills
4 218 (2.87%) Computer Science
5 187 (2.46%) Visualisation
6 112 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
7 107 (1.41%) W3C
8 93 (1.22%) Digital Media
9 73 (0.96%) Fintech
10 61 (0.80%) N-Tier
11 56 (0.74%) Algorithms
12 55 (0.72%) Animation
13 54 (0.71%) Social Media
14 52 (0.68%) iPad
15 49 (0.64%) e-Learning
16 45 (0.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 44 (0.58%) Inversion of Control
18 43 (0.57%) Data Structures
19 42 (0.55%) Management Information System
20 41 (0.54%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 612 (8.06%) Linux
2 319 (4.20%) Windows
3 311 (4.09%) Unix
4 149 (1.96%) Android
5 128 (1.68%) Apple iOS
6 113 (1.49%) Mac OS X
7 111 (1.46%) Windows Server
8 70 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 39 (0.51%) Ubuntu
10 37 (0.49%) Mac OS
11 32 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
12 26 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
13 17 (0.22%) CentOS
14 12 (0.16%) Debian
15 11 (0.14%) zOS
16 9 (0.12%) Solaris
16 9 (0.12%) Windows 7
16 9 (0.12%) Windows 8
17 7 (0.092%) Windows Server 2003
18 6 (0.079%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3460 (45.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1914 (25.19%) Front End Development
3 1719 (22.63%) Web Development
4 1693 (22.29%) MVC
5 1500 (19.74%) TDD
6 1174 (15.45%) Scrum
7 995 (13.10%) OO
8 786 (10.35%) Responsive Web Design
9 734 (9.66%) E-Commerce
10 718 (9.45%) BDD
11 653 (8.60%) Continuous Integration
12 474 (6.24%) Web Design
13 412 (5.42%) Unit Testing
14 377 (4.96%) Software Engineering
15 367 (4.83%) Open Source
16 307 (4.04%) OOP
17 277 (3.65%) Mentoring
18 272 (3.58%) Kanban
19 266 (3.50%) SOA
20 243 (3.20%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6280 (82.66%) JavaScript
2 1851 (24.36%) Java
3 1590 (20.93%) C#
4 1220 (16.06%) SQL
5 1170 (15.40%) PHP
6 588 (7.74%) Python
7 502 (6.61%) Ruby
8 353 (4.65%) Scala
9 237 (3.12%) T-SQL
10 171 (2.25%) C
11 163 (2.15%) C++
12 160 (2.11%) ES6
13 147 (1.93%) Perl
14 128 (1.68%) PL/SQL
15 116 (1.53%) VB.NET
16 110 (1.45%) PowerShell
17 109 (1.43%) Groovy
18 106 (1.40%) TypeScript
19 102 (1.34%) VB
20 83 (1.09%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 384 (5.05%) Degree
2 286 (3.76%) Security Cleared
3 157 (2.07%) SC Cleared
4 65 (0.86%) DV Cleared
5 46 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
6 35 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
7 30 (0.39%) MCSD
8 20 (0.26%) BC Cleared
9 16 (0.21%) MCAD
9 16 (0.21%) MCTS
10 15 (0.20%) MCITP
11 14 (0.18%) MCSE
12 11 (0.14%) ISEB
13 10 (0.13%) MCSA
14 8 (0.11%) SAS Certification
15 7 (0.092%) CBAP
15 7 (0.092%) Cisco Certification
16 6 (0.079%) CCNA
16 6 (0.079%) ISTQB
16 6 (0.079%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (1.66%) QA
2 44 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
3 42 (0.55%) WCAG
4 31 (0.41%) WAI
5 13 (0.17%) SLA
6 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.026%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.026%) HL7
7 2 (0.026%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.013%) Basel III
8 1 (0.013%) CRD IV
8 1 (0.013%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.013%) MiFID
8 1 (0.013%) PMBOK
8 1 (0.013%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.013%) SDET
System Software
1 59 (0.78%) Active Directory
2 58 (0.76%) Docker
3 25 (0.33%) Varnish
4 20 (0.26%) Hyper-V
5 5 (0.066%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.066%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.053%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.039%) ProxySG
8 2 (0.026%) KVM
8 2 (0.026%) LXC
9 1 (0.013%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.013%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.013%) Xen
Systems Management
1 79 (1.04%) Puppet
2 50 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
3 19 (0.25%) Kibana
4 15 (0.20%) Capistrano
5 13 (0.17%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 12 (0.16%) Ansible
7 10 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
7 10 (0.13%) TeamSite
8 8 (0.11%) Kubernetes
8 8 (0.11%) SCOM
8 8 (0.11%) yum
9 7 (0.092%) AirWatch
10 3 (0.039%) CA Spectrum
10 3 (0.039%) cPanel
10 3 (0.039%) MIMEsweeper
11 2 (0.026%) CA Wily
11 2 (0.026%) Nagios
11 2 (0.026%) Piwik
11 2 (0.026%) ServiceCenter
11 2 (0.026%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 492 (6.48%) Microsoft
2 472 (6.21%) Oracle
3 409 (5.38%) Adobe
4 207 (2.72%) Google
5 118 (1.55%) Zend
6 111 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
7 106 (1.40%) SAP
8 103 (1.36%) ServiceNow
9 94 (1.24%) IBM
10 92 (1.21%) Sitecore
11 74 (0.97%) Twitter
12 59 (0.78%) Telerik
13 57 (0.75%) EPiServer
13 57 (0.75%) Red Hat
14 48 (0.63%) Atlassian
15 45 (0.59%) hybris
16 44 (0.58%) Siebel
17 35 (0.46%) ATG
17 35 (0.46%) Tableau
18 32 (0.42%) Informatica
West London
24 Seven
Rate: £250 - 300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Uniqlo UK
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
JM
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Cadence Resourcing
Rate: On Application
Posted: 3 days ago
South East London
Coded People
Rate: £100 - £200 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Arrows Group
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Wenham Carter
Rate: From £400 to £550 per day TBC
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Networking People
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, Yorkshire
Mercator IT Solutions
Rate: / day
Posted: 3 days ago
Winchester, Hampshire
IBM Client Innovation Centre (Hursley)
Rate: Up to £47,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Gloucestershire
Sanderson
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
PCR
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
MPower+
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
West London
Clearwater People Solutions
Rate: £23000 - £24000 Per Annum pro rata
Posted: 3 days ago
South East
Talent Spa
Rate: £325-375pd
Posted: 3 days ago
London
solocal
Salary: market rate
Posted: 3 days ago
Bristol, Avon
LA International
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Bristol, Somerset
GCS
Posted: 3 days ago
Worcester, Worcestershire
Sopra Steria Recruitment Limited
Rate: NEG
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: to £500 day
Posted: 4 days ago
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £500 - £650 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £650 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 4 days ago