The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 22 May 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
22 May 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 22 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
-3 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3458 3553 2851
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.03% 7.41% 6.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.73% 26.70% 24.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 2350 2518 1793
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£360 £350 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.85% +7.69%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £250 £215
10% offered a daily rate of more than £488 £475 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
- +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 20 93
Average hourly rate £26.85 £32.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-16.10% -8.57%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.74 £22.50 £13.69
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £40.60 £47.50 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £32.52 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+1.62% -8.57%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13442 13306 11554
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.32% 27.74% 27.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 8992 8932 7437
Average daily rate £388 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £280 £265 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 183 168 346
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.43 £16.66 £17.43
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.88 £55.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 22 May 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 22 May 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 22 May 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1710 £375 -6.13% 772
South East +1 552 £325 - 380
Yorkshire -2 253 £336 +12.08% 167
North West -7 209 £330 +1.53% 314
South West -3 205 £350 +7.69% 180
East of England -4 185 £325 - 175
West Midlands 0 179 £315 +0.80% 146
East Midlands -3 112 £300 +2.56% 104
North East -8 31 £325 +30.00% 40
Midlands -2 2 - - 2
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 22 May 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6479 (94.76%) HTML
2 5573 (81.51%) JavaScript
3 3059 (44.74%) HTML5
4 2722 (39.81%) jQuery
5 2533 (37.05%) Agile Software Development
6 2424 (35.45%) CSS3
7 1786 (26.12%) .NET
8 1606 (23.49%) MVC
9 1571 (22.98%) C#
10 1452 (21.24%) Java
11 1429 (20.90%) AngularJS
12 1371 (20.05%) TDD
13 1275 (18.65%) ASP.NET
14 1206 (17.64%) SQL
15 1085 (15.87%) OO
16 1045 (15.28%) SQL Server
17 1013 (14.82%) PHP
18 987 (14.44%) User Experience
19 972 (14.22%) XML
20 971 (14.20%) Web Services
21 919 (13.44%) Ajax
22 912 (13.34%) Git (software)
23 910 (13.31%) Scrum
24 859 (12.56%) Web Development
25 765 (11.19%) MySQL
26 745 (10.90%) Responsive Web Design
27 671 (9.81%) CMS
28 650 (9.51%) Node.js
29 625 (9.14%) E-Commerce
30 623 (9.11%) Sass

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 22 May 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 671 (9.81%) CMS
2 650 (9.51%) Node.js
3 326 (4.77%) SharePoint
4 230 (3.36%) Apache
5 206 (3.01%) Drupal
6 176 (2.57%) Tomcat
7 175 (2.56%) SharePoint 2013
8 170 (2.49%) IIS
9 164 (2.40%) WordPress
10 163 (2.38%) Umbraco
11 150 (2.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 133 (1.95%) WebSphere
13 112 (1.64%) JBoss
14 110 (1.61%) Sitecore CMS
15 103 (1.51%) SharePoint 2010
16 97 (1.42%) WebLogic
17 58 (0.85%) Confluence
18 48 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
19 45 (0.66%) nginx
19 45 (0.66%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 481 (7.04%) Photoshop
2 202 (2.95%) Adobe Illustrator
3 173 (2.53%) MS Excel
4 112 (1.64%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 64 (0.94%) Fireworks
6 50 (0.73%) MS Office
7 32 (0.47%) InDesign
8 31 (0.45%) InfoPath
8 31 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
9 30 (0.44%) MS Visio
10 20 (0.29%) Acrobat
10 20 (0.29%) MS PowerPoint
11 19 (0.28%) OmniGraffle
12 16 (0.23%) MS Project
13 8 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
14 7 (0.10%) GIMP
14 7 (0.10%) PowerPivot
15 6 (0.088%) ImageReady
16 2 (0.029%) Edge Animate
16 2 (0.029%) Final Cut Pro
Business Applications
1 115 (1.68%) Magento
2 54 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
3 22 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 20 (0.29%) Tridion
5 16 (0.23%) WebTrends
5 16 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 9 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
7 7 (0.10%) Summit
7 7 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.044%) Siebel Analytics
8 3 (0.044%) Fredhopper
9 2 (0.029%) Adobe Campaign
9 2 (0.029%) osCommerce
9 2 (0.029%) Oracle CRM
9 2 (0.029%) Maximo
9 2 (0.029%) BASE24
9 2 (0.029%) Temenos T24
10 1 (0.015%) AWD
10 1 (0.015%) Exstream
10 1 (0.015%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 138 (2.02%) Amazon AWS
2 132 (1.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 83 (1.21%) GitHub
4 60 (0.88%) SaaS
5 59 (0.86%) Office 365
6 47 (0.69%) Google Analytics
7 43 (0.63%) Heroku
8 40 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
9 26 (0.38%) Adobe Analytics
10 21 (0.31%) Amazon S3
11 15 (0.22%) Force.com
12 12 (0.18%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.15%) Google Cloud Platform
13 10 (0.15%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (0.12%) PaaS
14 8 (0.12%) Google App Engine
15 5 (0.073%) AWS CloudFormation
16 4 (0.059%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 4 (0.059%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 3 (0.044%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 260 (3.80%) HTTP
2 205 (3.00%) Internet
3 138 (2.02%) Intranet
4 42 (0.61%) LDAP
5 36 (0.53%) SSL
6 35 (0.51%) Firewall
7 28 (0.41%) VPN
8 27 (0.39%) TCP/IP
9 21 (0.31%) DNS
10 19 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
11 18 (0.26%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 17 (0.25%) BIG-IP
13 16 (0.23%) Network Security
14 14 (0.20%) Cisco ASA
15 13 (0.19%) Extranet
15 13 (0.19%) WAN
16 11 (0.16%) HTTPS
16 11 (0.16%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
17 10 (0.15%) Skype
17 10 (0.15%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1045 (15.28%) SQL Server
2 765 (11.19%) MySQL
3 310 (4.53%) Relational Database
4 262 (3.83%) MongoDB
5 209 (3.06%) SQL Server 2008
6 156 (2.28%) NoSQL
7 131 (1.92%) SQL Server 2012
8 119 (1.74%) PostgreSQL
9 91 (1.33%) Oracle Database
10 88 (1.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 78 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 70 (1.02%) Redis
13 66 (0.97%) RDBMS
14 62 (0.91%) SQL Server 2005
15 51 (0.75%) Apache Cassandra
16 49 (0.72%) Big Data
17 48 (0.70%) Data Warehouse
18 32 (0.47%) MS Access
18 32 (0.47%) DB2
19 30 (0.44%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 912 (13.34%) Git (software)
2 464 (6.79%) Visual Studio
3 450 (6.58%) Subversion
4 387 (5.66%) Grunt
5 223 (3.26%) Jasmine
6 217 (3.17%) Selenium
7 216 (3.16%) Team Foundation Server
8 196 (2.87%) Jenkins
9 177 (2.59%) Maven
10 174 (2.54%) JUnit
11 166 (2.43%) JIRA
12 159 (2.33%) Cucumber
13 151 (2.21%) Bower
14 143 (2.09%) Eclipse
15 137 (2.00%) Axure RP
16 135 (1.97%) Ant
17 112 (1.64%) NUnit
18 91 (1.33%) Mocha
19 76 (1.11%) Dreamweaver
20 71 (1.04%) TeamCity
General
1 586 (8.57%) Finance
2 349 (5.10%) Marketing
3 260 (3.80%) Banking
4 215 (3.14%) Retail
5 143 (2.09%) Telecoms
6 117 (1.71%) Publishing
7 115 (1.68%) Games
8 105 (1.54%) Investment Banking
9 97 (1.42%) Advertising
10 42 (0.61%) Manufacturing
11 40 (0.59%) Legal
12 33 (0.48%) Electronics
13 31 (0.45%) Multimedia
14 26 (0.38%) Law
15 25 (0.37%) Financial Institution
16 21 (0.31%) Automotive
17 20 (0.29%) Front Office
18 16 (0.23%) Back Office
19 12 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
20 11 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 5600 (81.91%) Developer
2 1178 (17.23%) Front-End Developer
3 867 (12.68%) Web Developer
4 784 (11.47%) .NET Developer
5 527 (7.71%) JavaScript Developer
6 506 (7.40%) Java Developer
7 491 (7.18%) Senior Developer
8 478 (6.99%) Designer
9 445 (6.51%) C# Developer
10 383 (5.60%) PHP Developer
11 331 (4.84%) C# .NET Developer
12 296 (4.33%) UI Developer
13 277 (4.05%) UI Programmer
14 259 (3.79%) ASP.NET Developer
15 198 (2.90%) UX Designer
16 190 (2.78%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 168 (2.46%) SharePoint Developer
18 167 (2.44%) Front-End Web Developer
19 162 (2.37%) Architect
20 135 (1.97%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6479 (94.76%) HTML
2 3059 (44.74%) HTML5
3 2722 (39.81%) jQuery
4 2424 (35.45%) CSS3
5 1786 (26.12%) .NET
6 1429 (20.90%) AngularJS
7 1275 (18.65%) ASP.NET
8 972 (14.22%) XML
9 971 (14.20%) Web Services
10 919 (13.44%) Ajax
11 623 (9.11%) Sass
12 621 (9.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 615 (9.00%) JSON
14 599 (8.76%) Backbone.js
15 583 (8.53%) ASP.NET MVC
16 482 (7.05%) REST
17 445 (6.51%) .NET Framework
18 435 (6.36%) RESTful
19 432 (6.32%) XHTML
20 415 (6.07%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 987 (14.44%) User Experience
2 332 (4.86%) Mobile App
3 253 (3.70%) Open Source
4 208 (3.04%) Analytical Skills
5 201 (2.94%) W3C
6 155 (2.27%) Computer Science
7 145 (2.12%) Visualisation
8 89 (1.30%) Digital Media
9 88 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
10 81 (1.18%) Social Media
11 80 (1.17%) Graphic Design
12 61 (0.89%) RIA
13 50 (0.73%) iPad
14 49 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 48 (0.70%) Data Structures
16 44 (0.64%) Inversion of Control
17 42 (0.61%) CMDB
18 36 (0.53%) Client/Server
18 36 (0.53%) N-Tier
18 36 (0.53%) E-Learning
Operating Systems
1 536 (7.84%) Linux
2 313 (4.58%) Windows
3 267 (3.91%) UNIX
4 246 (3.60%) Android
5 232 (3.39%) Apple iOS
6 116 (1.70%) Mac OS X
7 33 (0.48%) Solaris
7 33 (0.48%) CentOS
8 32 (0.47%) Windows Phone
9 23 (0.34%) Ubuntu
10 15 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 13 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
12 10 (0.15%) AIX
13 9 (0.13%) Mac OS
14 8 (0.12%) SUSE
14 8 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
15 7 (0.10%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.10%) Windows Phone 7
15 7 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.073%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2533 (37.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1606 (23.49%) MVC
3 1371 (20.05%) TDD
4 1085 (15.87%) OO
5 910 (13.31%) Scrum
6 859 (12.56%) Web Development
7 745 (10.90%) Responsive Web Design
8 625 (9.14%) E-Commerce
9 522 (7.63%) BDD
10 428 (6.26%) Web Design
11 420 (6.14%) Continuous Integration
12 360 (5.27%) Content Management
13 357 (5.22%) Unit Testing
14 345 (5.05%) OOP
15 304 (4.45%) Software Engineering
16 257 (3.76%) SOA
17 177 (2.59%) Analytics
18 164 (2.40%) Kanban
19 161 (2.35%) Mobile Development
20 149 (2.18%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 5573 (81.51%) JavaScript
2 1571 (22.98%) C#
3 1452 (21.24%) Java
4 1206 (17.64%) SQL
5 1013 (14.82%) PHP
6 396 (5.79%) Ruby
7 285 (4.17%) Python
8 172 (2.52%) T-SQL
9 124 (1.81%) Scala
10 122 (1.78%) VB.NET
11 116 (1.70%) PHP5
12 105 (1.54%) PL/SQL
13 95 (1.39%) C++
14 75 (1.10%) Perl
15 70 (1.02%) Objective-C
16 68 (0.99%) C
17 67 (0.98%) VB
18 52 (0.76%) PowerShell
19 50 (0.73%) VBA
20 48 (0.70%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 404 (5.91%) Degree
2 235 (3.44%) Security Cleared
3 139 (2.03%) SC Cleared
4 34 (0.50%) DV Cleared
5 33 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
6 28 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
7 18 (0.26%) Sun Certification
8 16 (0.23%) ISTQB
9 15 (0.22%) ISEB
10 13 (0.19%) CCNP
11 10 (0.15%) HND
12 9 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 8 (0.12%) MCP
14 7 (0.10%) CCNA
14 7 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
15 5 (0.073%) CTC Cleared
15 5 (0.073%) OCPJP
16 4 (0.059%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 3 (0.044%) MCSD
18 2 (0.029%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 174 (2.54%) QA
2 19 (0.28%) WCAG
3 17 (0.25%) WAI
3 17 (0.25%) ISO 9001
4 12 (0.18%) SLA
5 6 (0.088%) ISO 14001
6 4 (0.059%) HL7
7 3 (0.044%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.029%) TickIT
9 1 (0.015%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.015%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.015%) GxP
System Software
1 30 (0.44%) Varnish
1 30 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
2 27 (0.39%) Active Directory
3 20 (0.29%) Docker
4 7 (0.10%) vCloud
5 6 (0.088%) VirtualBox
6 5 (0.073%) Firmware
7 4 (0.059%) Squid
8 3 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.029%) ISA Server
10 1 (0.015%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.015%) VMware ESX
10 1 (0.015%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.015%) XenApp
10 1 (0.015%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.015%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 97 (1.42%) Puppet
2 45 (0.66%) Vagrant
3 39 (0.57%) Ansible
4 29 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (0.31%) Graylog
6 18 (0.26%) Salt
7 16 (0.23%) Kibana
8 15 (0.22%) HP UCMDB
9 14 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
10 13 (0.19%) Rundeck
11 11 (0.16%) TeamSite
12 10 (0.15%) Capistrano
13 8 (0.12%) logstash
13 8 (0.12%) CiscoWorks
14 7 (0.10%) Plesk
15 6 (0.088%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.088%) OPNET
16 5 (0.073%) Zenoss
16 5 (0.073%) OpenAM
17 4 (0.059%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 524 (7.66%) Microsoft
2 442 (6.46%) Adobe
3 406 (5.94%) Oracle
4 199 (2.91%) Google
5 148 (2.16%) Sitecore
6 141 (2.06%) Zend
7 98 (1.43%) IBM
8 97 (1.42%) Twitter
9 75 (1.10%) EPiServer
10 63 (0.92%) ServiceNow
11 60 (0.88%) HP
12 54 (0.79%) Apple
13 50 (0.73%) hybris
13 50 (0.73%) SAP
14 48 (0.70%) BMC
15 45 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
15 45 (0.66%) VMware
16 41 (0.60%) Cisco
17 40 (0.59%) Facebook
17 40 (0.59%) Red Hat
London
Uniqlo UK
Posted: 3 hours ago
High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire
Austin Fraser Ltd
Rate: NEG
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Explore Group
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Explore Group
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Salmon Limited
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 9 hours ago
City, London
Explore Group
Posted: 9 hours ago
Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Posted: 9 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Stott & May
Rate: From £300 to £430 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
York, North Yorkshire
Candour Solutions
Rate: Excellent daily rate
Posted: 2 days ago
West Midlands
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: Negotiable on experience
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Reed Technology
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
PCR
Rate: £400.00 - £415 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Spencer Rose
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £500 - £600 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Jambo Ltd
Rate: Unspecified
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Marcus Donald People
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Ashdown IT
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 2 days ago