The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 2 December 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
2 Dec 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 13 17 19
Rank change year-on-year
+4 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 4106 4136 3876
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 8.85% 8.14% 7.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.32% 27.71% 27.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 2851 3046 2790
Median daily rate £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £520 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 52 40
Median hourly rate £35.00 £26.32 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+32.97% -20.24%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.44 £11.60 £13.28
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £47.33 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £28.69 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+13.27% -13.06%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14501 14924 14185
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 31.26% 29.36% 26.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 10067 10456 9825
Median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 137 241 162
Median hourly rate £40.00 £37.45 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+6.80% +7.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.50 £20.00 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £45.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 2 December 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 2 December 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 2 December 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2142 £425 +6.25% 596
South East +6 635 £375 +7.14% 275
West Midlands +11 266 £375 +11.11% 158
North West +4 230 £375 +7.14% 183
Yorkshire +4 208 £375 -1.31% 145
South West -5 208 £350 - 136
East Midlands +14 181 £369 +11.74% 104
East of England -2 111 £350 -2.77% 107
North East -6 111 £430 +2.38% 24
Midlands +10 8 £600 - 4
South Coast -1 3 £263 -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7887 (93.76%) HTML
2 6649 (79.04%) JavaScript
3 3712 (44.13%) Agile Software Development
4 3656 (43.46%) HTML5
5 2881 (34.25%) CSS3
6 2780 (33.05%) AngularJS
7 2456 (29.20%) jQuery
8 2236 (26.58%) Front End Development
9 1842 (21.90%) .NET
10 1795 (21.34%) Java
11 1754 (20.85%) Web Development
12 1745 (20.74%) MVC
13 1706 (20.28%) TDD
14 1682 (20.00%) C#
15 1480 (17.59%) Git (software)
16 1287 (15.30%) User Experience
17 1276 (15.17%) SQL
18 1262 (15.00%) Scrum
18 1262 (15.00%) Node.js
19 1178 (14.00%) React
20 1163 (13.83%) PHP
21 1149 (13.66%) ASP.NET
22 1136 (13.50%) Sass
23 1108 (13.17%) XML
24 1082 (12.86%) Web Services
25 1060 (12.60%) SQL Server
26 1013 (12.04%) OO
27 996 (11.84%) Finance
28 955 (11.35%) JSON
28 955 (11.35%) REST

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 678 (8.06%) CMS
2 271 (3.22%) Drupal
3 269 (3.20%) SharePoint
4 234 (2.78%) WordPress
5 231 (2.75%) Apache
6 225 (2.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 213 (2.53%) Confluence
8 202 (2.40%) Tomcat
9 167 (1.99%) IIS
10 150 (1.78%) Umbraco
11 145 (1.72%) JBoss
12 118 (1.40%) Sitecore CMS
13 116 (1.38%) WebSphere
14 113 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
15 92 (1.09%) SharePoint 2013
16 91 (1.08%) SharePoint 2010
17 78 (0.93%) WebLogic
18 70 (0.83%) Apache Solr
19 63 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
20 58 (0.69%) nginx
Applications
1 352 (4.18%) Photoshop
2 194 (2.31%) MS Excel
3 158 (1.88%) Adobe Illustrator
4 108 (1.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 57 (0.68%) MS Office
6 50 (0.59%) OmniGraffle
7 38 (0.45%) Fireworks
8 34 (0.40%) InDesign
9 26 (0.31%) MS Visio
10 21 (0.25%) InVision
11 17 (0.20%) InfoPath
12 14 (0.17%) MS PowerPoint
13 9 (0.11%) GIMP
14 8 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
15 6 (0.071%) Adobe After Effects
15 6 (0.071%) HipChat
16 4 (0.048%) Acrobat
16 4 (0.048%) UXPin
17 2 (0.024%) Flinto
17 2 (0.024%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 163 (1.94%) Magento
2 94 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 62 (0.74%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 50 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
5 43 (0.51%) Adobe Campaign
6 17 (0.20%) Unica
7 9 (0.11%) Fredhopper
8 8 (0.095%) Oracle EBS
9 7 (0.083%) WebTrends
10 6 (0.071%) Oracle BPM
10 6 (0.071%) SDL Web 8
11 5 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
12 4 (0.048%) nopCommerce
13 3 (0.036%) Remedy ITSM
13 3 (0.036%) Shopify
14 2 (0.024%) OpenCart
14 2 (0.024%) Radian6
14 2 (0.024%) SAP Business One
14 2 (0.024%) Unit4 Business World
15 1 (0.012%) SAP hybris
Cloud Services
1 439 (5.22%) Amazon AWS
2 372 (4.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 216 (2.57%) GitHub
4 89 (1.06%) SaaS
5 87 (1.03%) PaaS
6 82 (0.97%) Office 365
7 66 (0.78%) Google Analytics
8 45 (0.53%) IaaS
9 34 (0.40%) AWS CloudFormation
9 34 (0.40%) Heroku
10 30 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
11 25 (0.30%) Google Cloud Platform
12 24 (0.29%) CloudBees
13 23 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
13 23 (0.27%) OpenShift
14 19 (0.23%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (0.18%) AWS Lambda
16 12 (0.14%) Amazon S3
17 11 (0.13%) Amazon Kinesis
18 10 (0.12%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 342 (4.07%) HTTP
2 176 (2.09%) Internet
3 70 (0.83%) LDAP
4 64 (0.76%) Network Security
5 63 (0.75%) TCP/IP
6 47 (0.56%) DNS
7 45 (0.53%) Intranet
8 38 (0.45%) Firewall
8 38 (0.45%) SNMP
8 38 (0.45%) SSL
9 31 (0.37%) HTTPS
10 23 (0.27%) SMTP
11 22 (0.26%) FTP
12 19 (0.23%) LAN
12 19 (0.23%) OSPF
12 19 (0.23%) WAN
13 18 (0.21%) BIG-IP
13 18 (0.21%) Cisco Nexus
14 17 (0.20%) BGP
14 17 (0.20%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1060 (12.60%) SQL Server
2 813 (9.66%) MySQL
3 466 (5.54%) MongoDB
4 439 (5.22%) Relational Database
5 383 (4.55%) NoSQL
6 264 (3.14%) PostgreSQL
7 138 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
8 115 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
9 113 (1.34%) Oracle Database
10 104 (1.24%) SQL Server 2012
11 103 (1.22%) Big Data
12 100 (1.19%) RDBMS
13 79 (0.94%) DB2
14 62 (0.74%) Redis
14 62 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 59 (0.70%) Hadoop
16 58 (0.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 50 (0.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 39 (0.46%) Oracle Database 11g
19 37 (0.44%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1480 (17.59%) Git (software)
2 509 (6.05%) Grunt
3 466 (5.54%) Jenkins
4 435 (5.17%) gulp
5 390 (4.64%) JIRA
6 365 (4.34%) Jasmine
7 361 (4.29%) Subversion
8 337 (4.01%) Visual Studio
9 300 (3.57%) Cucumber
10 282 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
11 270 (3.21%) Selenium
12 260 (3.09%) Maven
13 205 (2.44%) JUnit
13 205 (2.44%) webpack
14 174 (2.07%) Eclipse
15 159 (1.89%) Mocha
16 157 (1.87%) TeamCity
17 145 (1.72%) Karma Test Runner
18 141 (1.68%) Bower
19 115 (1.37%) Axure RP
General
1 996 (11.84%) Finance
2 474 (5.63%) Banking
3 441 (5.24%) Marketing
4 312 (3.71%) Retail
5 164 (1.95%) Telecoms
6 160 (1.90%) Publishing
7 128 (1.52%) Advertising
8 126 (1.50%) Investment Banking
9 123 (1.46%) Manufacturing
10 117 (1.39%) Games
11 64 (0.76%) Electronics
12 51 (0.61%) Back Office
13 45 (0.53%) Front Office
14 41 (0.49%) Financial Institution
15 39 (0.46%) Legal
15 39 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
16 33 (0.39%) Automotive
17 20 (0.24%) Military
18 17 (0.20%) Local Government
19 11 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6791 (80.73%) Developer
2 1862 (22.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1458 (17.33%) JavaScript Developer
4 863 (10.26%) HTML Developer
5 844 (10.03%) .NET Developer
6 745 (8.86%) Java Developer
7 674 (8.01%) HTML CSS Developer
8 656 (7.80%) Web Developer
9 651 (7.74%) Senior Developer
10 591 (7.03%) Angular Developer
11 505 (6.00%) C# Developer
12 501 (5.96%) Designer
13 470 (5.59%) UI Developer
14 468 (5.56%) PHP Developer
15 429 (5.10%) Full Stack Developer
16 384 (4.56%) C# .NET Developer
17 304 (3.61%) UX Designer
18 270 (3.21%) ASP.NET Developer
19 268 (3.19%) Architect
20 254 (3.02%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7887 (93.76%) HTML
2 3656 (43.46%) HTML5
3 2881 (34.25%) CSS3
4 2780 (33.05%) AngularJS
5 2456 (29.20%) jQuery
6 1842 (21.90%) .NET
7 1262 (15.00%) Node.js
8 1178 (14.00%) React
9 1149 (13.66%) ASP.NET
10 1136 (13.50%) Sass
11 1108 (13.17%) XML
12 1082 (12.86%) Web Services
13 955 (11.35%) JSON
13 955 (11.35%) REST
14 896 (10.65%) Ajax
15 764 (9.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 724 (8.61%) Spring
17 722 (8.58%) RESTful
18 572 (6.80%) ASP.NET MVC
19 565 (6.72%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1287 (15.30%) User Experience
2 401 (4.77%) Mobile App
3 342 (4.07%) Analytical Skills
4 250 (2.97%) Computer Science
5 180 (2.14%) Visualisation
6 101 (1.20%) Digital Media
7 97 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
8 92 (1.09%) W3C
9 79 (0.94%) Fintech
10 62 (0.74%) Social Media
11 57 (0.68%) N-Tier
12 55 (0.65%) Data Structures
13 54 (0.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 52 (0.62%) Management Information System
15 47 (0.56%) Mathematics
16 45 (0.53%) NHS
17 43 (0.51%) Graphic Design
17 43 (0.51%) Virtual Team
18 41 (0.49%) iPad
19 37 (0.44%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 664 (7.89%) Linux
2 376 (4.47%) Windows
3 268 (3.19%) Unix
4 247 (2.94%) Apple iOS
5 236 (2.81%) Android
6 93 (1.11%) Mac OS X
7 64 (0.76%) Windows Server
8 55 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
9 50 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 30 (0.36%) Ubuntu
11 23 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
12 22 (0.26%) Windows Phone
13 18 (0.21%) webOS
13 18 (0.21%) Windows Phone 7
14 17 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
15 16 (0.19%) Windows 8
16 13 (0.15%) Solaris
16 13 (0.15%) Windows Mobile
17 10 (0.12%) AIX
17 10 (0.12%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3712 (44.13%) Agile Software Development
2 2236 (26.58%) Front End Development
3 1754 (20.85%) Web Development
4 1745 (20.74%) MVC
5 1706 (20.28%) TDD
6 1262 (15.00%) Scrum
7 1013 (12.04%) OO
8 830 (9.87%) BDD
9 805 (9.57%) Continuous Integration
10 804 (9.56%) Responsive Web Design
11 780 (9.27%) E-Commerce
12 511 (6.07%) Software Engineering
13 466 (5.54%) Open Source
14 437 (5.19%) Web Design
15 403 (4.79%) Unit Testing
16 371 (4.41%) OOP
17 369 (4.39%) Kanban
18 360 (4.28%) SDLC
19 353 (4.20%) Microservices
20 341 (4.05%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 6649 (79.04%) JavaScript
2 1795 (21.34%) Java
3 1682 (20.00%) C#
4 1276 (15.17%) SQL
5 1163 (13.83%) PHP
6 451 (5.36%) Python
7 444 (5.28%) Ruby
8 345 (4.10%) Scala
9 292 (3.47%) ES6
10 211 (2.51%) T-SQL
11 166 (1.97%) TypeScript
12 162 (1.93%) VB.NET
13 119 (1.41%) PL/SQL
14 112 (1.33%) Perl
15 89 (1.06%) C++
15 89 (1.06%) Shell Script
16 75 (0.89%) Groovy
17 68 (0.81%) C
18 64 (0.76%) PowerShell
19 62 (0.74%) XPath
Qualifications
1 435 (5.17%) Degree
2 391 (4.65%) Security Cleared
3 238 (2.83%) SC Cleared
4 61 (0.73%) DV Cleared
5 44 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 23 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
7 18 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
8 17 (0.20%) DBS Check
9 14 (0.17%) CCNP
10 13 (0.15%) CCNA
11 11 (0.13%) BC Cleared
12 9 (0.11%) CCDP
13 7 (0.083%) CCDA
13 7 (0.083%) CCVP
14 6 (0.071%) PhD
14 6 (0.071%) Sun Certification
15 5 (0.059%) ISEB
15 5 (0.059%) ITIL Certification
15 5 (0.059%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.059%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 256 (3.04%) QA
2 55 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
3 50 (0.59%) WAI
4 36 (0.43%) WCAG
5 25 (0.30%) SLA
6 19 (0.23%) FATCA
7 12 (0.14%) Data Quality
8 9 (0.11%) SDET
9 7 (0.083%) Actionable Recommendations
10 5 (0.059%) HL7
11 4 (0.048%) ISO 14001
11 4 (0.048%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.036%) GCP
12 3 (0.036%) PCI DSS
13 2 (0.024%) COBIT
13 2 (0.024%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 1 (0.012%) MiFID
System Software
1 268 (3.19%) Docker
2 52 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
3 46 (0.55%) Active Directory
4 27 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.20%) Varnish
6 10 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.083%) LXC
8 6 (0.071%) KVM
8 6 (0.071%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.048%) VMware ESX
10 3 (0.036%) vSphere
10 3 (0.036%) Xen
11 2 (0.024%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.024%) vCloud
11 2 (0.024%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.024%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.012%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.012%) NFS
12 1 (0.012%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.012%) Squid
Systems Management
1 96 (1.14%) Puppet
2 80 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
3 67 (0.80%) Ansible
4 35 (0.42%) Kubernetes
5 18 (0.21%) Terraform
6 14 (0.17%) OPNET
7 12 (0.14%) Kibana
7 12 (0.14%) TeamSite
8 9 (0.11%) Capistrano
8 9 (0.11%) logstash
9 7 (0.083%) Nagios
9 7 (0.083%) Oracle Identity Management
10 5 (0.059%) SCOM
10 5 (0.059%) WMI
11 4 (0.048%) Salt
12 3 (0.036%) Grafana
12 3 (0.036%) Packer
12 3 (0.036%) SCCM
12 3 (0.036%) yum
12 3 (0.036%) Zenoss
Vendors
1 657 (7.81%) Microsoft
2 521 (6.19%) Adobe
3 483 (5.74%) Oracle
4 202 (2.40%) Google
5 184 (2.19%) Sitecore
6 146 (1.74%) Zend
7 108 (1.28%) IBM
7 108 (1.28%) ServiceNow
8 94 (1.12%) SAP
9 87 (1.03%) Xamarin
10 77 (0.92%) hybris
11 65 (0.77%) Atlassian
12 61 (0.73%) New Relic
12 61 (0.73%) Splunk
13 55 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
14 53 (0.63%) Red Hat
15 52 (0.62%) EPiServer
16 48 (0.57%) MuleSoft
17 47 (0.56%) Apple
18 43 (0.51%) VMware
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £competitive
Posted: 13 hours ago
Lancashire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Leicestershire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Dorset
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: Competitive Daily Rate
Posted: 18 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
24 Seven
Rate: £300 - 400 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £475 - £525 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Sanderson
Posted: 12 hours ago
City, London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £425 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Surrey
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £350 - £355 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Bristol Area
Venn Group
Rate: £250 - £350 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
South East
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Lancaster, Lancashire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £300 - £400 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Bristol, Avon
Austin Fraser
Rate: £226 per day + Market Rate
Posted: Yesterday
Derby, Derbyshire
Computer People
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + DOE
Posted: 12 hours ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Networkers
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Worcestershire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £360 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Universal Music Publishing Mgb Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550 / Day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £450 - £550 Per Day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per day + Market Rate
Posted: Yesterday