The first table below looks at the demand for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 23 April 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category for the England region.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
23 Apr 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 20 25
Rank change year-on-year
+1 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 3851 2849 3100
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.52% 6.52% 5.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.90% 24.25% 21.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 2659 1805 1962
Average daily rate £350 £325 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.69% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £225 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £475 £450 £425
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 76 70
Average hourly rate £32.00 £35.00 £19.76
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-8.57% +77.12%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.79 £14.00 £10.02
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.80 £42.50 £41.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £32.00 £35.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year
-8.57% +84.21%
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13805 11747 14337
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 26.95% 26.87% 25.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 9068 7515 8670
Average daily rate £375 £375 £350
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +7.14%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £263 £260 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £335 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.07% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 211 334 358
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +7.69%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £17.00 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £44.50 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year
- +12.90%
CSS
UK

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 23 April 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 23 April 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 23 April 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click each for more statistics)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Find
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1958 £375 +5.63% 657
South East 0 577 £325 - 304
North West +5 266 £325 +14.03% 204
South West +5 262 £325 +8.33% 143
East of England 0 252 £335 +11.66% 144
Yorkshire +3 189 £300 +3.44% 127
West Midlands +2 179 £300 +9.09% 109
East Midlands +6 132 £300 +7.14% 100
North East -8 34 £250 - 32
Midlands -13 4 - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 April 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6435 (92.64%) HTML
2 5472 (78.78%) JavaScript
3 3197 (46.03%) jQuery
4 2921 (42.05%) HTML5
5 2348 (33.80%) CSS3
6 1950 (28.07%) .NET
7 1657 (23.86%) C#
8 1566 (22.55%) MVC
9 1363 (19.62%) XML
10 1339 (19.28%) PHP
11 1322 (19.03%) Agile Software Development
12 1321 (19.02%) ASP.NET
13 1306 (18.80%) Ajax
14 1268 (18.26%) Java
15 1181 (17.00%) SQL
15 1181 (17.00%) SQL Server
16 1137 (16.37%) TDD
17 1095 (15.76%) OO
18 914 (13.16%) MySQL
19 900 (12.96%) Web Development
20 891 (12.83%) Web Services
21 883 (12.71%) Scrum
22 771 (11.10%) Responsive Web Design
23 755 (10.87%) Git (software)
24 725 (10.44%) E-Commerce
25 648 (9.33%) JSON
26 637 (9.17%) AngularJS
27 636 (9.16%) ASP.NET MVC
28 635 (9.14%) XHTML
28 635 (9.14%) CMS

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 23 April 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 635 (9.14%) CMS
2 390 (5.61%) Node.js
3 343 (4.94%) SharePoint
4 295 (4.25%) Apache
5 268 (3.86%) Drupal
6 218 (3.14%) WordPress
7 201 (2.89%) Tomcat
8 193 (2.78%) IIS
9 144 (2.07%) SharePoint 2010
10 138 (1.99%) Umbraco
11 109 (1.57%) WebLogic
12 99 (1.43%) SharePoint 2013
13 87 (1.25%) Adobe CQ
14 84 (1.21%) Sitecore CMS
15 51 (0.73%) WebSphere
16 47 (0.68%) Apache Solr
17 43 (0.62%) SharePoint Server
18 38 (0.55%) Confluence
19 34 (0.49%) nginx
20 23 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 573 (8.25%) Photoshop
2 299 (4.30%) Adobe Illustrator
3 209 (3.01%) MS Excel
4 94 (1.35%) MS Office
5 87 (1.25%) Fireworks
6 36 (0.52%) InDesign
6 36 (0.52%) InfoPath
7 34 (0.49%) MS Visio
8 30 (0.43%) Acrobat
8 30 (0.43%) OmniGraffle
9 25 (0.36%) MS PowerPoint
10 13 (0.19%) Adobe Captivate
11 11 (0.16%) Quicktime
11 11 (0.16%) QuarkXPress
11 11 (0.16%) PaintShop Pro
12 9 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
12 9 (0.13%) MS Project
13 4 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
13 4 (0.058%) Mingle
14 3 (0.043%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 145 (2.09%) Magento
2 64 (0.92%) Google Analytics
3 35 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
4 22 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
5 21 (0.30%) Remedy ITSM
6 11 (0.16%) WebTrends
7 10 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 8 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
8 8 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
9 7 (0.10%) SiteCatalyst
10 6 (0.086%) Oracle CRM
11 5 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
11 5 (0.072%) RiskWrite
11 5 (0.072%) Summit
12 4 (0.058%) Siebel Analytics
13 3 (0.043%) Tridion
13 3 (0.043%) SAP SD
13 3 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
14 2 (0.029%) e-Work
14 2 (0.029%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 71 (1.02%) SaaS
2 55 (0.79%) Amazon AWS
2 55 (0.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 28 (0.40%) GitHub
4 21 (0.30%) Heroku
5 17 (0.24%) Google App Engine
5 17 (0.24%) Amazon EC2
6 15 (0.22%) Cloud Computing
7 11 (0.16%) Amazon S3
8 10 (0.14%) Office 365
9 6 (0.086%) Rackspace Cloud
10 5 (0.072%) Joyent
10 5 (0.072%) PaaS
10 5 (0.072%) Trello
11 3 (0.043%) Force.com
12 2 (0.029%) Google Compute Engine
12 2 (0.029%) CloudFront
12 2 (0.029%) Basecamp
13 1 (0.014%) IaaS
13 1 (0.014%) Google Apps
Communications & Networking
1 213 (3.07%) Internet
2 173 (2.49%) HTTP
3 118 (1.70%) Intranet
4 70 (1.01%) LDAP
5 47 (0.68%) SSL
6 40 (0.58%) Firewall
7 32 (0.46%) FTP
8 31 (0.45%) DNS
9 29 (0.42%) TCP/IP
10 25 (0.36%) WAN
11 24 (0.35%) Cisco ASA
12 23 (0.33%) DMVPN
12 23 (0.33%) Cisco Nexus
12 23 (0.33%) MPLS
13 21 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 21 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
13 21 (0.30%) BIG-IP
14 20 (0.29%) VPN
15 17 (0.24%) Extranet
16 16 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1181 (17.00%) SQL Server
2 914 (13.16%) MySQL
3 367 (5.28%) SQL Server 2008
4 323 (4.65%) Relational Database
5 204 (2.94%) MongoDB
6 151 (2.17%) NoSQL
7 145 (2.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 133 (1.91%) SQL Server 2005
9 122 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 104 (1.50%) RDBMS
11 99 (1.43%) Oracle Database
12 95 (1.37%) SQL Server 2012
13 85 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
14 54 (0.78%) Big Data
15 41 (0.59%) RavenDB
16 40 (0.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 40 (0.58%) Oracle Database 10g
17 37 (0.53%) Oracle Reports
18 36 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
19 33 (0.48%) DB2
Development Applications
1 755 (10.87%) Git (software)
2 619 (8.91%) Subversion
3 411 (5.92%) Visual Studio
4 218 (3.14%) Maven
5 217 (3.12%) Jenkins
6 200 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
7 172 (2.48%) JUnit
8 164 (2.36%) Eclipse
9 133 (1.91%) Cucumber
10 132 (1.90%) Axure RP
11 129 (1.86%) Ant
12 128 (1.84%) Jasmine
13 124 (1.79%) JIRA
14 121 (1.74%) NUnit
15 117 (1.68%) Grunt
16 105 (1.51%) TeamCity
17 104 (1.50%) Selenium
18 91 (1.31%) Dreamweaver
19 90 (1.30%) Hudson
20 81 (1.17%) Mercurial
General
1 608 (8.75%) Finance
2 338 (4.87%) Retail
3 282 (4.06%) Marketing
4 185 (2.66%) Banking
5 139 (2.00%) Publishing
6 129 (1.86%) Telecoms
7 127 (1.83%) Games
8 111 (1.60%) Advertising
9 70 (1.01%) Legal
10 63 (0.91%) Investment Banking
11 54 (0.78%) Manufacturing
12 36 (0.52%) Back Office
13 33 (0.48%) Financial Institution
14 31 (0.45%) Front Office
14 31 (0.45%) Automotive
15 26 (0.37%) Electronics
16 15 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.17%) Multimedia
18 11 (0.16%) Law
19 7 (0.10%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 5744 (82.70%) Developer
2 1269 (18.27%) Front-End Developer
3 1082 (15.58%) Web Developer
4 863 (12.42%) .NET Developer
5 550 (7.92%) PHP Developer
6 475 (6.84%) Designer
7 468 (6.74%) Java Developer
8 459 (6.61%) JavaScript Developer
9 415 (5.97%) Senior Developer
10 400 (5.76%) C# Developer
11 330 (4.75%) ASP.NET Developer
12 297 (4.28%) UI Developer
13 278 (4.00%) UI Programmer
14 272 (3.92%) C# .NET Developer
15 237 (3.41%) Front-End Web Developer
16 180 (2.59%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 161 (2.32%) Architect
18 151 (2.17%) Drupal Developer
19 144 (2.07%) User Experience Designer
20 135 (1.94%) SharePoint Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6435 (92.64%) HTML
2 3197 (46.03%) jQuery
3 2921 (42.05%) HTML5
4 2348 (33.80%) CSS3
5 1950 (28.07%) .NET
6 1363 (19.62%) XML
7 1321 (19.02%) ASP.NET
8 1306 (18.80%) Ajax
9 891 (12.83%) Web Services
10 648 (9.33%) JSON
11 637 (9.17%) AngularJS
12 636 (9.16%) ASP.NET MVC
13 635 (9.14%) XHTML
14 609 (8.77%) Backbone.js
15 475 (6.84%) Spring
16 457 (6.58%) .NET Framework
17 419 (6.03%) Sass
18 358 (5.15%) XSLT
18 358 (5.15%) WCF
19 357 (5.14%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 334 (4.81%) Mobile App
2 263 (3.79%) Open Source
3 240 (3.46%) W3C
4 224 (3.22%) Computer Science
5 139 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
6 118 (1.70%) Digital Media
7 108 (1.55%) Social Media
8 97 (1.40%) Graphic Design
9 63 (0.91%) iPad
10 60 (0.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 56 (0.81%) iPhone
11 56 (0.81%) Management Information System
12 55 (0.79%) Visualisation
13 49 (0.71%) Web 2.0
14 48 (0.69%) NHS
15 46 (0.66%) RIA
16 38 (0.55%) N-Tier
17 35 (0.50%) CMDB
18 34 (0.49%) E-Learning
19 32 (0.46%) Blackberry
Operating Systems
1 552 (7.95%) Linux
2 372 (5.36%) Windows
3 323 (4.65%) UNIX
4 309 (4.45%) Apple iOS
5 286 (4.12%) Android
6 67 (0.96%) Windows Server 2008
7 43 (0.62%) Mac OS X
7 43 (0.62%) Windows Server 2003
8 30 (0.43%) Solaris
9 28 (0.40%) Windows 7
10 27 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 26 (0.37%) Windows Phone
12 23 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 17 (0.24%) CentOS
14 15 (0.22%) Windows 8
14 15 (0.22%) Windows XP
15 14 (0.20%) AIX
15 14 (0.20%) Windows Mobile
16 10 (0.14%) Windows Phone 8
17 7 (0.10%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1566 (22.55%) MVC
2 1322 (19.03%) Agile Software Development
3 1137 (16.37%) TDD
4 1095 (15.76%) OO
5 900 (12.96%) Web Development
6 883 (12.71%) Scrum
7 771 (11.10%) Responsive Web Design
8 725 (10.44%) E-Commerce
9 438 (6.31%) BDD
10 437 (6.29%) Web Design
11 432 (6.22%) Continuous Integration
12 397 (5.72%) OOP
13 384 (5.53%) Unit Testing
14 295 (4.25%) Content Management
15 264 (3.80%) SEO
16 262 (3.77%) Software Engineering
17 210 (3.02%) SOA
18 176 (2.53%) Analytics
19 175 (2.52%) Kanban
20 155 (2.23%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 5472 (78.78%) JavaScript
2 1657 (23.86%) C#
3 1339 (19.28%) PHP
4 1268 (18.26%) Java
5 1181 (17.00%) SQL
6 298 (4.29%) Ruby
7 266 (3.83%) Python
8 237 (3.41%) T-SQL
9 184 (2.65%) PHP5
10 157 (2.26%) PL/SQL
11 153 (2.20%) VB.NET
12 102 (1.47%) Scala
13 92 (1.32%) PowerShell
14 90 (1.30%) VB
15 89 (1.28%) Perl
16 88 (1.27%) C
17 86 (1.24%) C++
18 81 (1.17%) ActionScript
19 73 (1.05%) XPath
20 66 (0.95%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 407 (5.86%) Degree
2 157 (2.26%) Security Cleared
3 111 (1.60%) SC Cleared
4 35 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
5 23 (0.33%) CCNP
6 15 (0.22%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.17%) ISEB
8 9 (0.13%) ISTQB
8 9 (0.13%) MCSD
9 8 (0.12%) MCP
9 8 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
10 6 (0.086%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.058%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 4 (0.058%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.058%) MCPD
12 3 (0.043%) BC Cleared
12 3 (0.043%) MCAD
12 3 (0.043%) MBA
13 2 (0.029%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (2.58%) QA
2 37 (0.53%) WCAG
3 33 (0.48%) WAI
4 25 (0.36%) ISO 9001
5 19 (0.27%) SLA
6 13 (0.19%) Section 508
7 8 (0.12%) HL7
8 7 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.072%) ISO 14001
10 3 (0.043%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.014%) EMIR
11 1 (0.014%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.014%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.014%) TickIT
System Software
1 35 (0.50%) Active Directory
2 24 (0.35%) Varnish
3 9 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.12%) Squid
5 7 (0.10%) VirtualBox
6 5 (0.072%) VMware ESX
7 4 (0.058%) NFS
8 3 (0.043%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 3 (0.043%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.029%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.014%) Tivoli Directory Server
10 1 (0.014%) Docker
10 1 (0.014%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 50 (0.72%) Puppet
2 18 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
3 16 (0.23%) Nagios
4 15 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (0.13%) HP UCMDB
6 7 (0.10%) Capistrano
6 7 (0.10%) CiscoWorks
7 6 (0.086%) Vagrant
7 6 (0.086%) Ansible
8 5 (0.072%) OpenSSO
8 5 (0.072%) Tivoli
8 5 (0.072%) Control-M
9 4 (0.058%) CA Wily
10 3 (0.043%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.043%) SCCM
10 3 (0.043%) SCOM
10 3 (0.043%) BMC PATROL
10 3 (0.043%) NetBackup
11 2 (0.029%) OpenIDM
11 2 (0.029%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 570 (8.21%) Microsoft
2 483 (6.95%) Oracle
3 429 (6.18%) Adobe
4 294 (4.23%) Zend
5 151 (2.17%) Google
6 143 (2.06%) Twitter
7 101 (1.45%) Sitecore
8 95 (1.37%) JBoss
9 70 (1.01%) Facebook
10 56 (0.81%) SAP
11 51 (0.73%) ServiceNow
12 47 (0.68%) ATG
13 46 (0.66%) Sencha
14 45 (0.65%) Apple
15 43 (0.62%) hybris
16 42 (0.60%) Red Hat
17 39 (0.56%) IBM
18 38 (0.55%) Telerik
19 37 (0.53%) HP
20 36 (0.52%) EPiServer
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Roc Search
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £575 - £650 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 9 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £300.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £250 - £310 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
City, London
Ampersand Consulting
Rate: £350 - £500 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Central London / West End
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Roc Search
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Initi8 Recruitment
Rate: £35000 - £60000 Per Annum
Posted: 9 hours ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Bournemouth, Dorset
Roc Search
Posted: 10 hours ago
Essex
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Roc Search
Posted: 11 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £260 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
eCom Recruitment
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Sanderson
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Yoh
Posted: 13 hours ago
Staines, Middlesex
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Linux Recruit
Rate: Up to £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago