The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 27 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
UK / England
Rank 13 19 21
Rank change year-on-year
+6 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3425 3707 3415
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 8.15% 7.87% 7.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.90% 27.41% 26.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 2382 2637 2345
Median daily rate £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £280 £275 £238
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £350 £330
% change year-on-year
+5.71% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 47 29
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £28.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% +21.99%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.90 £14.00 £15.70
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £43.30 £55.00 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.75 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
-9.28% +7.69%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13225 13526 12990
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 31.47% 28.73% 27.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 9257 9419 8679
Median daily rate £425 £405 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.93% +1.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 150 233 173
Median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+5.00% +14.28%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £22.50 £20.35 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £57.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.22% +10.71%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 February 2017.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 February 2017.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 27 February 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 1642 £425 +3.03% 653
South East -4 495 £375 +7.14% 291
South West +1 262 £375 +7.14% 130
West Midlands +11 231 £400 +23.07% 141
North West +1 211 £350 - 200
Yorkshire +5 201 £375 +7.14% 168
East Midlands +8 149 £350 +14.75% 121
North East 0 110 £350 -17.64% 27
East of England -4 102 £350 -2.77% 102
Midlands +10 9 £500 - 6
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7015 (92.79%) HTML
2 5936 (78.52%) JavaScript
3 3361 (44.46%) Agile Software Development
4 3156 (41.75%) HTML5
5 2560 (33.86%) CSS3
6 2490 (32.94%) AngularJS
7 2103 (27.82%) jQuery
8 1988 (26.30%) Front End Development
9 1622 (21.46%) Java
10 1582 (20.93%) .NET
11 1481 (19.59%) MVC
12 1463 (19.35%) Web Development
13 1440 (19.05%) C#
14 1436 (18.99%) TDD
15 1420 (18.78%) Git (software)
16 1179 (15.60%) User Experience
17 1164 (15.40%) React
18 1151 (15.22%) Scrum
19 1146 (15.16%) SQL
20 1078 (14.26%) Node.js
21 1000 (13.23%) Sass
22 978 (12.94%) Web Services
23 976 (12.91%) PHP
24 965 (12.76%) ASP.NET
25 960 (12.70%) XML
26 933 (12.34%) OO
27 913 (12.08%) Finance
28 907 (12.00%) REST
29 902 (11.93%) JSON
30 855 (11.31%) SQL Server

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 594 (7.86%) CMS
2 239 (3.16%) Apache
3 234 (3.10%) Confluence
4 232 (3.07%) SharePoint
5 227 (3.00%) Drupal
6 201 (2.66%) WordPress
7 198 (2.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 143 (1.89%) Tomcat
9 137 (1.81%) Umbraco
10 112 (1.48%) IIS
11 91 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
12 90 (1.19%) Sitecore CMS
13 89 (1.18%) JBoss
14 86 (1.14%) WebSphere
15 82 (1.08%) SharePoint 2013
16 73 (0.97%) Apache Solr
17 70 (0.93%) EPiServer
18 63 (0.83%) WebLogic
19 54 (0.71%) SharePoint 2010
20 45 (0.60%) nginx
Applications
1 297 (3.93%) Photoshop
2 157 (2.08%) MS Excel
3 115 (1.52%) Adobe Illustrator
4 96 (1.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 48 (0.63%) OmniGraffle
6 36 (0.48%) MS Office
7 30 (0.40%) Fireworks
8 23 (0.30%) MS Visio
9 20 (0.26%) InVision
10 17 (0.22%) InDesign
11 12 (0.16%) GIMP
12 10 (0.13%) InfoPath
13 7 (0.093%) HipChat
13 7 (0.093%) MS PowerPoint
14 6 (0.079%) Adobe After Effects
14 6 (0.079%) UXPin
15 3 (0.040%) Edge Animate
16 2 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
16 2 (0.026%) Chatbot
16 2 (0.026%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 124 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 122 (1.61%) Magento
3 57 (0.75%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 49 (0.65%) Adobe Campaign
5 34 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
6 25 (0.33%) Unica
7 11 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
8 6 (0.079%) Oracle Applications
9 5 (0.066%) Fredhopper
9 5 (0.066%) SAP CRM
9 5 (0.066%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.040%) FastStats
11 3 (0.040%) FastStats PeopleStage
11 3 (0.040%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 3 (0.040%) SAP Business One
11 3 (0.040%) Shopify
12 2 (0.026%) OpenCart
12 2 (0.026%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 377 (4.99%) Amazon AWS
2 298 (3.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 211 (2.79%) GitHub
4 84 (1.11%) SaaS
5 73 (0.97%) Google Analytics
6 64 (0.85%) Office 365
7 59 (0.78%) PaaS
8 42 (0.56%) IaaS
9 33 (0.44%) Heroku
10 30 (0.40%) Adobe Analytics
10 30 (0.40%) Google Cloud Platform
11 27 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
12 26 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
13 19 (0.25%) Amazon S3
14 18 (0.24%) AWS Lambda
15 14 (0.19%) Slack
16 13 (0.17%) Cloud Computing
16 13 (0.17%) CloudBees
16 13 (0.17%) OpenShift
17 12 (0.16%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 330 (4.37%) HTTP
2 178 (2.35%) Internet
3 74 (0.98%) TCP/IP
4 65 (0.86%) Intranet
5 55 (0.73%) LDAP
6 49 (0.65%) SSL
7 46 (0.61%) DNS
8 33 (0.44%) Network Security
9 29 (0.38%) SMTP
10 28 (0.37%) HTTPS
11 26 (0.34%) SNMP
12 23 (0.30%) Firewall
13 17 (0.22%) SSH
14 15 (0.20%) Extranet
15 14 (0.19%) VoIP
16 12 (0.16%) Broadband
16 12 (0.16%) FTP
17 11 (0.15%) LAN
17 11 (0.15%) Skype
17 11 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 855 (11.31%) SQL Server
2 708 (9.37%) MySQL
3 418 (5.53%) Relational Database
4 385 (5.09%) MongoDB
5 381 (5.04%) NoSQL
6 252 (3.33%) PostgreSQL
7 138 (1.83%) SQL Server 2008
8 135 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
9 126 (1.67%) Big Data
10 117 (1.55%) Oracle Database
11 91 (1.20%) SQL Server 2012
12 82 (1.08%) RDBMS
13 77 (1.02%) Hadoop
14 63 (0.83%) Redis
15 52 (0.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 52 (0.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 48 (0.63%) DB2
17 43 (0.57%) HBase
18 40 (0.53%) Oracle Database 11g
18 40 (0.53%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1420 (18.78%) Git (software)
2 475 (6.28%) Jenkins
3 410 (5.42%) JIRA
4 402 (5.32%) Grunt
5 373 (4.93%) gulp
6 353 (4.67%) Jasmine
7 346 (4.58%) Subversion
8 304 (4.02%) Visual Studio
9 292 (3.86%) Selenium
10 277 (3.66%) Team Foundation Server
11 263 (3.48%) Cucumber
12 257 (3.40%) Maven
13 197 (2.61%) JUnit
13 197 (2.61%) webpack
14 167 (2.21%) Mocha
15 149 (1.97%) TeamCity
16 139 (1.84%) Eclipse
16 139 (1.84%) Karma Test Runner
17 121 (1.60%) Axure RP
18 109 (1.44%) IntelliJ
General
1 913 (12.08%) Finance
2 403 (5.33%) Banking
3 379 (5.01%) Marketing
4 257 (3.40%) Retail
5 156 (2.06%) Telecoms
6 133 (1.76%) Advertising
7 123 (1.63%) Investment Banking
7 123 (1.63%) Manufacturing
8 115 (1.52%) Publishing
9 97 (1.28%) Games
10 67 (0.89%) Front Office
11 59 (0.78%) Electronics
12 48 (0.63%) Back Office
13 44 (0.58%) Legal
14 34 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
15 25 (0.33%) Financial Institution
16 20 (0.26%) Automotive
17 19 (0.25%) Law
17 19 (0.25%) Local Government
18 18 (0.24%) Military
Job Titles
1 6159 (81.47%) Developer
2 1625 (21.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1308 (17.30%) JavaScript Developer
4 774 (10.24%) .NET Developer
5 722 (9.55%) HTML Developer
6 688 (9.10%) Java Developer
7 590 (7.80%) HTML CSS Developer
8 561 (7.42%) Angular Developer
9 547 (7.24%) Senior Developer
10 525 (6.94%) Web Developer
11 463 (6.12%) Designer
12 462 (6.11%) C# Developer
13 410 (5.42%) UI Developer
14 391 (5.17%) Full Stack Developer
15 365 (4.83%) PHP Developer
16 356 (4.71%) C# .NET Developer
17 287 (3.80%) UX Designer
18 248 (3.28%) ASP.NET Developer
19 245 (3.24%) Architect
20 200 (2.65%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7015 (92.79%) HTML
2 3156 (41.75%) HTML5
3 2560 (33.86%) CSS3
4 2490 (32.94%) AngularJS
5 2103 (27.82%) jQuery
6 1582 (20.93%) .NET
7 1164 (15.40%) React
8 1078 (14.26%) Node.js
9 1000 (13.23%) Sass
10 978 (12.94%) Web Services
11 965 (12.76%) ASP.NET
12 960 (12.70%) XML
13 907 (12.00%) REST
14 902 (11.93%) JSON
15 854 (11.30%) Ajax
16 694 (9.18%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 685 (9.06%) RESTful
18 643 (8.51%) Spring
19 479 (6.34%) ASP.NET MVC
20 464 (6.14%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1179 (15.60%) User Experience
2 409 (5.41%) Mobile App
3 273 (3.61%) Analytical Skills
4 179 (2.37%) Computer Science
5 104 (1.38%) W3C
6 101 (1.34%) Fintech
7 87 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
8 59 (0.78%) Data Structures
9 57 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 54 (0.71%) Social Media
11 51 (0.67%) Virtual Team
12 48 (0.63%) Digital Media
13 47 (0.62%) Management Information System
14 44 (0.58%) iPad
15 40 (0.53%) NHS
16 35 (0.46%) Graphic Design
17 33 (0.44%) RIA
18 32 (0.42%) Linux Command Line
18 32 (0.42%) N-Tier
18 32 (0.42%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 666 (8.81%) Linux
2 299 (3.96%) Windows
3 274 (3.62%) Unix
4 203 (2.69%) Apple iOS
5 188 (2.49%) Android
6 109 (1.44%) Mac OS X
7 61 (0.81%) Windows Server
8 50 (0.66%) Ubuntu
9 44 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 35 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
11 28 (0.37%) CentOS
12 19 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
13 14 (0.19%) Windows Phone
13 14 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
14 13 (0.17%) webOS
14 13 (0.17%) Windows Phone 7
15 6 (0.079%) CoreOS
15 6 (0.079%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.079%) Windows Mobile
15 6 (0.079%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3361 (44.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1988 (26.30%) Front End Development
3 1481 (19.59%) MVC
4 1463 (19.35%) Web Development
5 1436 (18.99%) TDD
6 1151 (15.22%) Scrum
7 933 (12.34%) OO
8 745 (9.85%) BDD
9 719 (9.51%) Responsive Web Design
10 692 (9.15%) Continuous Integration
11 637 (8.43%) E-Commerce
12 459 (6.07%) Web Design
13 447 (5.91%) Software Engineering
14 403 (5.33%) Open Source
15 379 (5.01%) Prototyping
16 378 (5.00%) Unit Testing
17 330 (4.37%) Microservices
18 318 (4.21%) Kanban
19 302 (3.99%) Wireframes
20 281 (3.72%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 5936 (78.52%) JavaScript
2 1622 (21.46%) Java
3 1440 (19.05%) C#
4 1146 (15.16%) SQL
5 976 (12.91%) PHP
6 510 (6.75%) Python
7 410 (5.42%) Ruby
8 336 (4.44%) Scala
9 277 (3.66%) ES6
10 154 (2.04%) T-SQL
11 143 (1.89%) TypeScript
12 134 (1.77%) VB.NET
13 119 (1.57%) PowerShell
14 100 (1.32%) PL/SQL
15 83 (1.10%) Perl
16 73 (0.97%) Shell Script
17 71 (0.94%) XPath
18 70 (0.93%) C++
19 68 (0.90%) Groovy
20 63 (0.83%) C
Qualifications
1 405 (5.36%) Degree
2 373 (4.93%) Security Cleared
3 219 (2.90%) SC Cleared
4 62 (0.82%) DV Cleared
5 38 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
6 25 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
7 15 (0.20%) BC Cleared
8 12 (0.16%) ISTQB
9 11 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
9 11 (0.15%) DBS Check
9 11 (0.15%) MCTS
10 9 (0.12%) ISEB
11 7 (0.093%) CCDA
11 7 (0.093%) CCDP
11 7 (0.093%) CCNA
11 7 (0.093%) CCNP
11 7 (0.093%) CCVP
11 7 (0.093%) ITIL Certification
12 6 (0.079%) MBA
12 6 (0.079%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 257 (3.40%) QA
2 40 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
3 34 (0.45%) WCAG
4 23 (0.30%) WAI
5 20 (0.26%) FATCA
6 8 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
6 8 (0.11%) SDET
7 7 (0.093%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.079%) SLA
9 5 (0.066%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.053%) PMO
11 3 (0.040%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 3 (0.040%) MiFID
12 2 (0.026%) GCP
12 2 (0.026%) HL7
12 2 (0.026%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.013%) Dodd-Frank
13 1 (0.013%) EMIR
System Software
1 274 (3.62%) Docker
2 29 (0.38%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (0.16%) Varnish
6 10 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (0.12%) LXC
8 6 (0.079%) vSphere
9 5 (0.066%) HDFS
9 5 (0.066%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.026%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.026%) Shibboleth
10 2 (0.026%) Xen
11 1 (0.013%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.013%) GlusterFS
11 1 (0.013%) NFS
11 1 (0.013%) Squid
11 1 (0.013%) Time Sharing Option
11 1 (0.013%) vCloud
11 1 (0.013%) VMware ESX
Systems Management
1 107 (1.42%) Puppet
2 65 (0.86%) Opscode Chef
3 49 (0.65%) Ansible
4 39 (0.52%) Kubernetes
5 18 (0.24%) Terraform
6 14 (0.19%) Kibana
6 14 (0.19%) Nagios
7 11 (0.15%) Salt
8 9 (0.12%) Capistrano
9 8 (0.11%) ZABBIX
10 7 (0.093%) Piwik
10 7 (0.093%) TeamSite
11 6 (0.079%) Grafana
12 5 (0.066%) WMI
13 3 (0.040%) Consul
13 3 (0.040%) logstash
13 3 (0.040%) MOM
13 3 (0.040%) Packer
13 3 (0.040%) vRealize
14 2 (0.026%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 609 (8.06%) Microsoft
2 446 (5.90%) Oracle
3 442 (5.85%) Adobe
4 235 (3.11%) Google
5 123 (1.63%) Sitecore
6 122 (1.61%) ServiceNow
7 109 (1.44%) SAP
8 98 (1.30%) Zend
9 82 (1.08%) Xamarin
10 74 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
11 68 (0.90%) hybris
12 65 (0.86%) Red Hat
13 55 (0.73%) Atlassian
14 50 (0.66%) IBM
15 47 (0.62%) New Relic
16 46 (0.61%) Splunk
17 41 (0.54%) Apple
18 37 (0.49%) Twitter
19 34 (0.45%) VMware
20 32 (0.42%) Solace
Cambridgeshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Staines, Middlesex
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Market rate
Posted: 2 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Hatstand Limited
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Staines, Middlesex
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + DOE
Posted: 3 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Premier Media
Rate: £400 - £500 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Salt
Rate: £0.00 - £450 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
Client Server
Rate: £450 to £500 p/day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £440 per day + DOE
Posted: 3 days ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 - £425 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £175 - £250 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottinghamshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Kent
Premier IT
Rate: £300 - £400 per week
Posted: 4 days ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Premier IT
Rate: £300 - £400 per week
Posted: 4 days ago
London
KPRS
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Nottinghamshire
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Red10
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £340 - £360 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
CPS Group UK
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
X4 Group
Rate: £400 - 500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Canary Wharf and City
Rate: Up to £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
JM
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
MAPP - IT, Digital, Broadcasting & Media Recruitment Specialists
Rate: From £400 to £415 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Gloucester, Gloucestershire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £340 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
South West London
keytree
Rate: £300 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago