The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 2 September 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
2 Sep 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 18 19
Rank change year-on-year
0 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 4177 3934 3609
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.77% 7.69% 7.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.14% 27.22% 24.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3017 2601 2408
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £350 £339
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.14% +3.32%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £250 £222
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £500 £460
UK excluding London average daily rate £340 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+4.61% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 49 48
Average hourly rate £35.75 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.35 £17.50 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.50 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+4.28% -
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15388 14454 14542
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 28.61% 28.25% 29.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 10621 9346 9520
Average daily rate £400 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £270 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £538 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+4.28% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 269 195 255
Average hourly rate £39.50 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+12.85% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £17.50 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.50 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+12.85% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 2 September 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 2 September 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 2 September 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2008 £400 +3.22% 668
South East +4 717 £335 +3.07% 358
North West -9 292 £355 +9.23% 288
Yorkshire +3 274 £350 +20.68% 190
South West -3 240 £325 -3.70% 144
East of England -6 199 £331 -2.57% 123
West Midlands -2 168 £315 +5.00% 174
North East +9 137 £410 +17.14% 36
East Midlands -1 137 £313 +13.63% 130
Midlands +5 7 £523 +10.00% 1
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 2 September 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7214 (94.45%) HTML
2 6153 (80.56%) JavaScript
3 3369 (44.11%) HTML5
4 2995 (39.21%) Agile Software Development
5 2885 (37.77%) jQuery
6 2619 (34.29%) CSS3
7 1968 (25.77%) .NET
8 1834 (24.01%) AngularJS
9 1731 (22.66%) MVC
10 1666 (21.81%) C#
11 1574 (20.61%) Java
12 1534 (20.08%) TDD
13 1329 (17.40%) SQL
14 1320 (17.28%) ASP.NET
15 1155 (15.12%) PHP
16 1153 (15.10%) Git (software)
17 1140 (14.93%) SQL Server
18 1113 (14.57%) OO
19 1069 (14.00%) User Experience
20 1061 (13.89%) Scrum
21 945 (12.37%) Web Services
22 944 (12.36%) Web Development
23 923 (12.08%) Responsive Web Design
24 919 (12.03%) Ajax
25 904 (11.84%) XML
26 892 (11.68%) E-Commerce
27 875 (11.46%) MySQL
28 792 (10.37%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 784 (10.26%) Sass
30 706 (9.24%) Node.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 2 September 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 706 (9.24%) Node.js
2 681 (8.92%) CMS
3 306 (4.01%) SharePoint
4 269 (3.52%) Drupal
5 265 (3.47%) Apache
6 226 (2.96%) WordPress
7 218 (2.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 209 (2.74%) Tomcat
9 168 (2.20%) IIS
10 161 (2.11%) SharePoint 2013
11 147 (1.92%) Umbraco
12 145 (1.90%) WebSphere
13 119 (1.56%) JBoss
14 112 (1.47%) Confluence
15 102 (1.34%) WebLogic
16 93 (1.22%) SharePoint 2010
17 68 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
18 53 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
19 46 (0.60%) ColdFusion
20 40 (0.52%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 511 (6.69%) Photoshop
2 238 (3.12%) Adobe Illustrator
3 171 (2.24%) MS Excel
4 109 (1.43%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 71 (0.93%) MS Office
6 45 (0.59%) MS Visio
7 44 (0.58%) Fireworks
8 35 (0.46%) InDesign
9 32 (0.42%) InfoPath
9 32 (0.42%) OmniGraffle
10 30 (0.39%) MS PowerPoint
11 18 (0.24%) Acrobat
12 12 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
13 10 (0.13%) MS Project
14 9 (0.12%) GIMP
15 6 (0.079%) Adobe After Effects
15 6 (0.079%) PowerPivot
16 2 (0.026%) ImageReady
17 1 (0.013%) Maya
17 1 (0.013%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 162 (2.12%) Magento
2 61 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 14 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 13 (0.17%) Tridion
6 12 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
7 11 (0.14%) Summit
7 11 (0.14%) BigMachines
8 8 (0.10%) WebTrends
9 6 (0.079%) BASE24
9 6 (0.079%) Adobe Campaign
10 5 (0.065%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.065%) Cordys
11 4 (0.052%) Fredhopper
12 2 (0.026%) osCommerce
12 2 (0.026%) Oracle EBS
13 1 (0.013%) Visualfiles
13 1 (0.013%) Unica
13 1 (0.013%) Remedy ITSM
13 1 (0.013%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 139 (1.82%) Amazon AWS
2 115 (1.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 108 (1.41%) GitHub
4 106 (1.39%) Google Analytics
5 80 (1.05%) SaaS
6 49 (0.64%) Office 365
7 42 (0.55%) Adobe Analytics
8 30 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
9 23 (0.30%) Heroku
10 15 (0.20%) Amazon S3
10 15 (0.20%) Cloud Computing
11 12 (0.16%) Google Cloud Platform
12 10 (0.13%) OpenShift
12 10 (0.13%) PaaS
12 10 (0.13%) Google App Engine
13 9 (0.12%) Force.com
14 5 (0.065%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 5 (0.065%) Google Checkout
15 4 (0.052%) MailChimp
15 4 (0.052%) Google Apps
Communications & Networking
1 323 (4.23%) HTTP
2 219 (2.87%) Internet
3 121 (1.58%) Intranet
4 54 (0.71%) SSL
5 52 (0.68%) Firewall
6 45 (0.59%) TCP/IP
7 37 (0.48%) DNS
8 35 (0.46%) WAN
9 30 (0.39%) LDAP
10 26 (0.34%) VPN
11 23 (0.30%) LAN
12 22 (0.29%) FTP
12 22 (0.29%) MPLS
13 19 (0.25%) Cisco ASA
13 19 (0.25%) Cisco Nexus
14 18 (0.24%) 4G
14 18 (0.24%) SSH
14 18 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 16 (0.21%) 3G
15 16 (0.21%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1140 (14.93%) SQL Server
2 875 (11.46%) MySQL
3 335 (4.39%) MongoDB
4 316 (4.14%) Relational Database
5 207 (2.71%) SQL Server 2008
6 158 (2.07%) NoSQL
7 149 (1.95%) PostgreSQL
8 111 (1.45%) SQL Server 2012
9 96 (1.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 90 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 77 (1.01%) Oracle Database
12 75 (0.98%) RDBMS
13 72 (0.94%) Redis
14 56 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
15 47 (0.62%) SQL Server 2005
16 42 (0.55%) DB2
17 40 (0.52%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 40 (0.52%) Oracle Database 11g
18 39 (0.51%) Big Data
19 36 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1153 (15.10%) Git (software)
2 547 (7.16%) Subversion
3 445 (5.83%) Grunt
4 383 (5.01%) Visual Studio
5 255 (3.34%) Jenkins
6 250 (3.27%) Jasmine
7 246 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
8 237 (3.10%) JIRA
9 209 (2.74%) Selenium
10 176 (2.30%) Maven
11 169 (2.21%) Eclipse
12 159 (2.08%) gulp
13 143 (1.87%) Cucumber
14 135 (1.77%) Bower
15 131 (1.72%) Axure RP
16 122 (1.60%) NUnit
17 117 (1.53%) JUnit
18 104 (1.36%) Ant
19 94 (1.23%) TeamCity
20 81 (1.06%) Mocha
General
1 666 (8.72%) Finance
2 410 (5.37%) Marketing
3 279 (3.65%) Retail
4 248 (3.25%) Banking
5 148 (1.94%) Telecoms
6 141 (1.85%) Publishing
7 86 (1.13%) Games
7 86 (1.13%) Advertising
8 84 (1.10%) Investment Banking
9 60 (0.79%) Legal
10 46 (0.60%) Manufacturing
11 35 (0.46%) Multimedia
12 30 (0.39%) Automotive
13 26 (0.34%) Electronics
14 25 (0.33%) Financial Institution
15 18 (0.24%) Front Office
15 18 (0.24%) Law
16 16 (0.21%) Military
17 15 (0.20%) Retail Banking
18 12 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6212 (81.33%) Developer
2 1468 (19.22%) Front-End Developer
3 946 (12.39%) Web Developer
4 812 (10.63%) .NET Developer
5 585 (7.66%) JavaScript Developer
6 529 (6.93%) Java Developer
7 523 (6.85%) Senior Developer
8 514 (6.73%) Designer
9 401 (5.25%) PHP Developer
10 398 (5.21%) C# Developer
11 350 (4.58%) UI Developer
12 333 (4.36%) UI Programmer
13 304 (3.98%) C# .NET Developer
14 222 (2.91%) ASP.NET Developer
15 213 (2.79%) Front-End Web Developer
16 212 (2.78%) UX Designer
17 190 (2.49%) Architect
18 171 (2.24%) Full Stack Developer
19 143 (1.87%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 143 (1.87%) SharePoint Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7214 (94.45%) HTML
2 3369 (44.11%) HTML5
3 2885 (37.77%) jQuery
4 2619 (34.29%) CSS3
5 1968 (25.77%) .NET
6 1834 (24.01%) AngularJS
7 1320 (17.28%) ASP.NET
8 945 (12.37%) Web Services
9 919 (12.03%) Ajax
10 904 (11.84%) XML
11 792 (10.37%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 784 (10.26%) Sass
13 663 (8.68%) JSON
14 646 (8.46%) ASP.NET MVC
14 646 (8.46%) Backbone.js
15 510 (6.68%) REST
16 484 (6.34%) XHTML
17 456 (5.97%) RESTful
18 420 (5.50%) .NET Framework
19 402 (5.26%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 1069 (14.00%) User Experience
2 393 (5.15%) Mobile App
3 248 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
4 217 (2.84%) W3C
5 139 (1.82%) Visualisation
6 129 (1.69%) Computer Science
7 108 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
8 107 (1.40%) Digital Media
9 103 (1.35%) Social Media
9 103 (1.35%) Graphic Design
10 65 (0.85%) Management Information System
11 59 (0.77%) N-Tier
12 56 (0.73%) Inversion of Control
13 44 (0.58%) RIA
14 41 (0.54%) Animation
15 39 (0.51%) iPad
16 38 (0.50%) Client/Server
17 37 (0.48%) CMDB
18 36 (0.47%) GIS
19 33 (0.43%) E-Learning
Operating Systems
1 618 (8.09%) Linux
2 358 (4.69%) Windows
3 292 (3.82%) UNIX
4 241 (3.16%) Android
5 211 (2.76%) Apple iOS
6 108 (1.41%) Mac OS X
7 46 (0.60%) Solaris
8 45 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 38 (0.50%) CentOS
10 26 (0.34%) Ubuntu
11 24 (0.31%) Windows Phone
12 22 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
13 17 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
14 16 (0.21%) AIX
15 15 (0.20%) Mac OS
16 13 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
17 9 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
18 8 (0.10%) SUSE
19 7 (0.092%) Windows Server 2003
20 4 (0.052%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2995 (39.21%) Agile Software Development
2 1731 (22.66%) MVC
3 1534 (20.08%) TDD
4 1113 (14.57%) OO
5 1061 (13.89%) Scrum
6 944 (12.36%) Web Development
7 923 (12.08%) Responsive Web Design
8 892 (11.68%) E-Commerce
9 592 (7.75%) BDD
10 564 (7.38%) Continuous Integration
11 544 (7.12%) Web Design
12 433 (5.67%) Unit Testing
13 323 (4.23%) SOA
14 319 (4.18%) Content Management
15 318 (4.16%) Software Engineering
16 284 (3.72%) OOP
17 263 (3.44%) Open Source
17 263 (3.44%) SDLC
18 223 (2.92%) Analytics
19 221 (2.89%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 6153 (80.56%) JavaScript
2 1666 (21.81%) C#
3 1574 (20.61%) Java
4 1329 (17.40%) SQL
5 1155 (15.12%) PHP
6 390 (5.11%) Ruby
7 285 (3.73%) Python
8 189 (2.47%) T-SQL
9 150 (1.96%) Scala
10 146 (1.91%) VB.NET
11 145 (1.90%) C++
12 130 (1.70%) VB
13 104 (1.36%) PowerShell
14 94 (1.23%) C
15 92 (1.20%) Perl
16 88 (1.15%) Objective-C
17 81 (1.06%) PL/SQL
18 69 (0.90%) TypeScript
19 64 (0.84%) PHP5
19 64 (0.84%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 337 (4.41%) Degree
2 307 (4.02%) Security Cleared
3 164 (2.15%) SC Cleared
4 42 (0.55%) DV Cleared
5 34 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
6 27 (0.35%) CCNP
7 19 (0.25%) CCNA
8 18 (0.24%) ISEB
9 16 (0.21%) Sun Certification
10 15 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 14 (0.18%) ISTQB
12 8 (0.10%) BC Cleared
13 7 (0.092%) ITIL Certification
13 7 (0.092%) HND
14 5 (0.065%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.052%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 4 (0.052%) MCP
15 4 (0.052%) PMP
16 3 (0.039%) PMI Certification
16 3 (0.039%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 225 (2.95%) QA
2 24 (0.31%) WCAG
3 15 (0.20%) SLA
4 13 (0.17%) WAI
5 11 (0.14%) ISO 9001
6 10 (0.13%) ISO 14001
7 9 (0.12%) HL7
8 6 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.039%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.026%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.026%) TickIT
11 2 (0.026%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.026%) COBIT
12 1 (0.013%) ARP4754
12 1 (0.013%) ARP4761
System Software
1 54 (0.71%) Active Directory
2 47 (0.62%) Varnish
3 39 (0.51%) Docker
4 34 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.16%) vCloud
6 11 (0.14%) Hyper-V
7 10 (0.13%) Squid
8 6 (0.079%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.052%) ISA Server
9 4 (0.052%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.039%) VMware ESX
10 3 (0.039%) Snort
11 2 (0.026%) vSphere
11 2 (0.026%) VMware Workstation
12 1 (0.013%) qmail
12 1 (0.013%) Postfix
12 1 (0.013%) HDFS
12 1 (0.013%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.013%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 82 (1.07%) Puppet
2 56 (0.73%) Vagrant
3 36 (0.47%) Ansible
4 32 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
5 28 (0.37%) Salt
6 26 (0.34%) logstash
7 21 (0.27%) Kibana
8 18 (0.24%) Rundeck
9 14 (0.18%) Capistrano
10 13 (0.17%) ZABBIX
11 12 (0.16%) Graylog
12 10 (0.13%) HAProxy
12 10 (0.13%) CiscoWorks
13 8 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
14 7 (0.092%) Plesk
14 7 (0.092%) CA Spectrum
14 7 (0.092%) HP UCMDB
15 6 (0.079%) Cacti
15 6 (0.079%) OpenView
16 5 (0.065%) Cisco Prime
Vendors
1 548 (7.17%) Adobe
2 505 (6.61%) Microsoft
3 386 (5.05%) Oracle
4 197 (2.58%) Google
5 140 (1.83%) Zend
6 102 (1.34%) Sitecore
7 92 (1.20%) IBM
8 85 (1.11%) Twitter
9 66 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
10 63 (0.82%) EPiServer
11 59 (0.77%) VMware
12 58 (0.76%) Red Hat
13 57 (0.75%) HP
14 56 (0.73%) hybris
15 55 (0.72%) ServiceNow
16 47 (0.62%) BMC
17 46 (0.60%) New Relic
18 44 (0.58%) Cisco
19 39 (0.51%) CA
20 33 (0.43%) SAP
London
SIMPLY COMMERCE RECRUITMENT LTD
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 9 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £280 - £300 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
West Midlands
TEKsystems
Posted: 14 hours ago
East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: 15 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Edgar Cowen
Rate: £40000 - £60000 per annum + Superb benefits package
Posted: 15 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Plymouth, Devon
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £200.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Novate IT Ltd
Rate: £275.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Central London / West End
Nationwide People Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 Per Day Ltd./Umbrella Company Basis
Posted: 16 hours ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Preferred Choice
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
eCom Recruitment
Rate: From £50,000 to £70,000 per annum Benefits
Posted: 17 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Brackley, Northamptonshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £300 per annum + Neg
Posted: 18 hours ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Preferred Choice
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
Gatwick, West Sussex
Reed Technology
Rate: £350 - £398 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: 21 hours ago
Hertfordshire
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago