The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 29 August 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
29 Aug 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 18 20
Rank change year-on-year
0 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3932 3564 3372
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.68% 7.41% 6.35%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.46% 25.22% 22.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 2597 2371 2190
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £340 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.94% +4.61%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £221 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £463 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 48 75
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £29.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +20.68%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.15 £17.50 £15.20
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.75 £50.00 £42.85
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £29.50
% change year-on-year
- +18.64%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14321 14131 14674
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.98% 29.36% 27.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 9235 9254 9139
Average daily rate £375 £375 £363
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +3.44%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £270 £260 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £530 £550 £540
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 199 250 344
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +6.06%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.05 £20.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 29 August 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 29 August 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 29 August 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 2067 £388 +3.33% 661
South East +1 564 £325 - 303
East of England +3 269 £339 +4.23% 119
North West +3 250 £325 +8.33% 238
South West -3 234 £338 +12.50% 124
West Midlands -2 197 £300 +6.19% 87
Yorkshire +2 169 £288 +4.54% 164
East Midlands +3 113 £275 +3.77% 113
North East +8 48 £350 +8.94% 44
Midlands +4 6 £475 -5.00% 2
South Coast - - - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 August 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6958 (93.70%) HTML
2 5697 (76.72%) JavaScript
3 3197 (43.05%) HTML5
4 3099 (41.73%) jQuery
5 2555 (34.41%) CSS3
6 2029 (27.32%) .NET
7 1766 (23.78%) C#
8 1730 (23.30%) MVC
9 1477 (19.89%) ASP.NET
10 1437 (19.35%) Agile Software Development
11 1435 (19.32%) PHP
12 1319 (17.76%) Java
13 1275 (17.17%) TDD
14 1267 (17.06%) OO
15 1228 (16.54%) XML
16 1190 (16.02%) SQL Server
17 1176 (15.84%) Ajax
18 1156 (15.57%) SQL
19 1024 (13.79%) Web Development
20 1022 (13.76%) AngularJS
21 1010 (13.60%) MySQL
22 979 (13.18%) Git (software)
23 884 (11.90%) Web Services
24 862 (11.61%) Responsive Web Design
25 823 (11.08%) Scrum
26 808 (10.88%) E-Commerce
27 689 (9.28%) CMS
28 684 (9.21%) Linux
28 684 (9.21%) Subversion
29 680 (9.16%) JSON

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 29 August 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 689 (9.28%) CMS
2 516 (6.95%) Node.js
3 397 (5.35%) SharePoint
4 313 (4.21%) Apache
5 258 (3.47%) Drupal
6 252 (3.39%) IIS
7 221 (2.98%) WordPress
8 208 (2.80%) Tomcat
9 190 (2.56%) SharePoint 2013
10 178 (2.40%) SharePoint 2010
11 152 (2.05%) Umbraco
12 120 (1.62%) Sitecore CMS
13 92 (1.24%) WebSphere
14 91 (1.23%) Adobe CQ
15 72 (0.97%) WebLogic
16 55 (0.74%) Confluence
17 42 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
18 39 (0.53%) Apache Solr
18 39 (0.53%) SharePoint Server
18 39 (0.53%) Joomla!
Applications
1 666 (8.97%) Photoshop
2 377 (5.08%) Adobe Illustrator
3 177 (2.38%) MS Excel
4 85 (1.14%) Fireworks
5 61 (0.82%) InDesign
6 58 (0.78%) MS Office
7 51 (0.69%) InfoPath
8 37 (0.50%) OmniGraffle
9 24 (0.32%) MS Visio
10 23 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
11 15 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
12 14 (0.19%) Acrobat
13 13 (0.18%) Adobe Captivate
14 6 (0.081%) MS Project
15 5 (0.067%) GIMP
16 4 (0.054%) PaintShop Pro
17 3 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
18 2 (0.027%) Adobe Premiere
18 2 (0.027%) RoboHelp
18 2 (0.027%) PowerPivot
Business Applications
1 149 (2.01%) Magento
2 64 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 41 (0.55%) Google Analytics
4 26 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 25 (0.34%) SiteCatalyst
6 24 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
7 18 (0.24%) WebTrends
8 11 (0.15%) Tridion
9 10 (0.13%) Summit
10 9 (0.12%) Oracle CRM
11 6 (0.081%) Remedy ITSM
12 5 (0.067%) Oracle Payables
12 5 (0.067%) RMDS
12 5 (0.067%) ION MarketView
13 4 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
14 3 (0.040%) osCommerce
14 3 (0.040%) Shopify
14 3 (0.040%) Remedy AR System
14 3 (0.040%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 3 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 105 (1.41%) Microsoft Azure
2 73 (0.98%) GitHub
3 69 (0.93%) SaaS
4 66 (0.89%) Amazon AWS
5 42 (0.57%) Office 365
6 35 (0.47%) Amazon EC2
7 24 (0.32%) Amazon S3
8 17 (0.23%) Cloud Computing
9 16 (0.22%) Heroku
10 12 (0.16%) Force.com
11 10 (0.13%) Google App Engine
12 8 (0.11%) PaaS
13 5 (0.067%) Rackspace Cloud
14 4 (0.054%) Joyent
15 3 (0.040%) Google Compute Engine
16 2 (0.027%) Google Apps
17 1 (0.013%) CloudFront
17 1 (0.013%) Basecamp
17 1 (0.013%) Amazon ELB
17 1 (0.013%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 217 (2.92%) HTTP
2 214 (2.88%) Internet
3 109 (1.47%) Intranet
4 54 (0.73%) LDAP
5 43 (0.58%) Firewall
6 28 (0.38%) FTP
6 28 (0.38%) DNS
7 26 (0.35%) SSH
8 25 (0.34%) SMTP
9 23 (0.31%) TCP/IP
10 20 (0.27%) SSL
11 16 (0.22%) Extranet
11 16 (0.22%) VPN
11 16 (0.22%) HTTPS
11 16 (0.22%) Cisco Nexus
12 14 (0.19%) BIG-IP
13 13 (0.18%) Cisco ASA
14 11 (0.15%) WAN
15 10 (0.13%) VoIP
15 10 (0.13%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1190 (16.02%) SQL Server
2 1010 (13.60%) MySQL
3 350 (4.71%) Relational Database
4 323 (4.35%) SQL Server 2008
5 165 (2.22%) MongoDB
6 152 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 144 (1.94%) NoSQL
8 134 (1.80%) SQL Server 2012
9 125 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 102 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
11 99 (1.33%) RDBMS
12 89 (1.20%) SQL Server 2005
13 79 (1.06%) Oracle Database
14 65 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
15 58 (0.78%) Big Data
16 47 (0.63%) Redis
17 35 (0.47%) Oracle Database 11g
17 35 (0.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 28 (0.38%) RavenDB
19 26 (0.35%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 979 (13.18%) Git (software)
2 684 (9.21%) Subversion
3 482 (6.49%) Visual Studio
4 227 (3.06%) JUnit
5 225 (3.03%) Team Foundation Server
6 207 (2.79%) Grunt
7 187 (2.52%) Jasmine
8 172 (2.32%) JIRA
9 169 (2.28%) Maven
10 163 (2.19%) Eclipse
11 157 (2.11%) Selenium
12 156 (2.10%) Jenkins
13 144 (1.94%) Cucumber
14 126 (1.70%) NUnit
15 118 (1.59%) Ant
16 112 (1.51%) Dreamweaver
17 111 (1.49%) Axure RP
18 99 (1.33%) WebDriver
19 95 (1.28%) TeamCity
20 78 (1.05%) Mercurial
General
1 630 (8.48%) Finance
2 343 (4.62%) Marketing
3 288 (3.88%) Retail
4 224 (3.02%) Banking
5 145 (1.95%) Publishing
6 119 (1.60%) Advertising
7 112 (1.51%) Telecoms
8 94 (1.27%) Games
9 82 (1.10%) Manufacturing
10 76 (1.02%) Investment Banking
11 73 (0.98%) Legal
12 38 (0.51%) Electronics
13 37 (0.50%) Front Office
14 36 (0.48%) Back Office
15 31 (0.42%) Financial Institution
16 22 (0.30%) Automotive
17 21 (0.28%) Multimedia
18 16 (0.22%) Law
19 15 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
20 10 (0.13%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6122 (82.44%) Developer
2 1450 (19.53%) Front-End Developer
3 1123 (15.12%) Web Developer
4 892 (12.01%) .NET Developer
5 544 (7.33%) PHP Developer
6 529 (7.12%) Designer
7 507 (6.83%) JavaScript Developer
8 485 (6.53%) Java Developer
9 460 (6.19%) Senior Developer
10 417 (5.62%) C# Developer
11 303 (4.08%) ASP.NET Developer
12 297 (4.00%) UI Developer
12 297 (4.00%) C# .NET Developer
13 274 (3.69%) UI Programmer
14 242 (3.26%) Front-End Web Developer
15 194 (2.61%) SharePoint Developer
16 180 (2.42%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 169 (2.28%) User Experience Designer
18 162 (2.18%) Web Designer
19 144 (1.94%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6958 (93.70%) HTML
2 3197 (43.05%) HTML5
3 3099 (41.73%) jQuery
4 2555 (34.41%) CSS3
5 2029 (27.32%) .NET
6 1477 (19.89%) ASP.NET
7 1228 (16.54%) XML
8 1176 (15.84%) Ajax
9 1022 (13.76%) AngularJS
10 884 (11.90%) Web Services
11 680 (9.16%) JSON
11 680 (9.16%) Backbone.js
12 628 (8.46%) ASP.NET MVC
13 577 (7.77%) XHTML
14 513 (6.91%) .NET Framework
15 457 (6.15%) Spring
16 455 (6.13%) Sass
17 436 (5.87%) REST
18 428 (5.76%) WCF
19 419 (5.64%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 378 (5.09%) Mobile App
2 306 (4.12%) Open Source
3 246 (3.31%) W3C
4 189 (2.55%) Computer Science
5 140 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
6 115 (1.55%) Visualisation
7 100 (1.35%) Social Media
8 77 (1.04%) Digital Media
9 76 (1.02%) Graphic Design
10 68 (0.92%) iPhone
11 67 (0.90%) iPad
12 53 (0.71%) Animation
13 51 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 49 (0.66%) N-Tier
14 49 (0.66%) E-Learning
15 45 (0.61%) Inversion of Control
16 44 (0.59%) Management Information System
17 43 (0.58%) GIS
17 43 (0.58%) RIA
18 38 (0.51%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 684 (9.21%) Linux
2 384 (5.17%) UNIX
2 384 (5.17%) Windows
3 278 (3.74%) Apple iOS
4 271 (3.65%) Android
5 127 (1.71%) Mac OS X
6 57 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
7 34 (0.46%) Solaris
8 23 (0.31%) CentOS
8 23 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (0.27%) Windows Mobile
9 20 (0.27%) AIX
10 19 (0.26%) Mac OS
11 17 (0.23%) Windows 7
12 16 (0.22%) Windows Phone
13 15 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
14 14 (0.19%) Fedora
14 14 (0.19%) Ubuntu
15 13 (0.18%) Windows 8
16 11 (0.15%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1730 (23.30%) MVC
2 1437 (19.35%) Agile Software Development
3 1275 (17.17%) TDD
4 1267 (17.06%) OO
5 1024 (13.79%) Web Development
6 862 (11.61%) Responsive Web Design
7 823 (11.08%) Scrum
8 808 (10.88%) E-Commerce
9 498 (6.71%) Web Design
10 486 (6.54%) BDD
11 436 (5.87%) OOP
12 429 (5.78%) Continuous Integration
13 428 (5.76%) Unit Testing
14 287 (3.86%) Content Management
15 258 (3.47%) Software Engineering
16 200 (2.69%) SEO
17 186 (2.50%) SOA
18 173 (2.33%) Configuration Management
19 165 (2.22%) Workflow
20 163 (2.19%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 5697 (76.72%) JavaScript
2 1766 (23.78%) C#
3 1435 (19.32%) PHP
4 1319 (17.76%) Java
5 1156 (15.57%) SQL
6 367 (4.94%) Ruby
7 307 (4.13%) Python
8 273 (3.68%) T-SQL
9 192 (2.59%) PHP5
10 185 (2.49%) VB.NET
11 147 (1.98%) PL/SQL
12 130 (1.75%) Scala
13 111 (1.49%) Perl
14 88 (1.19%) C++
15 82 (1.10%) VB
16 68 (0.92%) C
17 61 (0.82%) ActionScript
18 59 (0.79%) Objective-C
19 45 (0.61%) PowerShell
20 44 (0.59%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 393 (5.29%) Degree
2 165 (2.22%) Security Cleared
3 106 (1.43%) SC Cleared
4 39 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
5 18 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
6 12 (0.16%) Sun Certification
7 9 (0.12%) MCPD
7 9 (0.12%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.11%) MCTS
8 8 (0.11%) CCNP
8 8 (0.11%) MCSD
9 7 (0.094%) CCNA
9 7 (0.094%) ISEB
9 7 (0.094%) OCPJP
9 7 (0.094%) CTC Cleared
10 6 (0.081%) MCP
11 5 (0.067%) MCSE
11 5 (0.067%) ISTQB
12 4 (0.054%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 4 (0.054%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (2.72%) QA
2 41 (0.55%) ISO 9001
3 31 (0.42%) WCAG
4 22 (0.30%) WAI
5 19 (0.26%) SLA
6 11 (0.15%) HL7
7 10 (0.13%) ISO 14001
8 9 (0.12%) COBIT
9 5 (0.067%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.027%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.027%) Section 508
11 1 (0.013%) EMIR
11 1 (0.013%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.013%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.013%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 43 (0.58%) Active Directory
2 20 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (0.26%) Varnish
4 14 (0.19%) VirtualBox
5 9 (0.12%) Shibboleth
6 8 (0.11%) Docker
7 4 (0.054%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.054%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 4 (0.054%) VMware ESX
7 4 (0.054%) NFS
8 3 (0.040%) ProxySG
8 3 (0.040%) vCloud
9 2 (0.027%) IAG
9 2 (0.027%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.027%) DFS Replication
10 1 (0.013%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.013%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.013%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 48 (0.65%) Puppet
2 23 (0.31%) OpenSSO
3 21 (0.28%) Vagrant
4 13 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (0.13%) Capistrano
6 7 (0.094%) Ansible
7 6 (0.081%) HP Quality Center
7 6 (0.081%) Control-M
8 4 (0.054%) OPNET
8 4 (0.054%) Graylog2
9 3 (0.040%) logstash
9 3 (0.040%) NetBackup
9 3 (0.040%) Nagios
9 3 (0.040%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.027%) Cacti
10 2 (0.027%) SCOM
10 2 (0.027%) HP UCMDB
10 2 (0.027%) CA SiteMinder
10 2 (0.027%) OpenIDM
10 2 (0.027%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 559 (7.53%) Microsoft
2 462 (6.22%) Adobe
3 412 (5.55%) Oracle
4 265 (3.57%) Zend
5 147 (1.98%) Sitecore
6 123 (1.66%) Google
7 113 (1.52%) Twitter
8 85 (1.14%) JBoss
9 74 (1.00%) EPiServer
10 67 (0.90%) IBM
11 64 (0.86%) hybris
12 58 (0.78%) SAP
13 57 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
14 52 (0.70%) Facebook
15 40 (0.54%) Red Hat
16 35 (0.47%) Sencha
17 32 (0.43%) Cisco
18 28 (0.38%) BMC
19 27 (0.36%) Ektron
20 26 (0.35%) ServiceNow
City, London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Harrogate, North Yorkshire
Vertical IT
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Red Sofa London
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Hounslow, Middlesex
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Up to £450 per day for 6 Months, chance of extension
Posted: Yesterday
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
North East
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: Yesterday
London
Optimus Search Ltd
Rate: Up to £650 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £375 per day £300 to £375
Posted: Yesterday
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Roc Search
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Roc Search
Rate: £300 - £330 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicestershire
Roc Search
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Vertical IT
Rate: £175 - £210 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: market rate
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle Upon Tyne
Swan It Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Good market rate
Posted: Yesterday
Poole, Dorset
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £25000 - £30000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Clearwater People Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £320 - £378 per day
Posted: Yesterday