The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 26 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 16 20 18
Rank change year-on-year
+4 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3913 3669 3656
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 8.04% 7.23% 7.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.75% 25.94% 26.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 2865 2563 2576
Median daily rate £400 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 54 39
Median hourly rate £32.00 £30.00 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -10.44%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.55 £15.31 £15.70
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.00 £45.00 £47.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.75 £35.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-15.00% +9.37%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14100 14143 13715
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 28.96% 27.87% 28.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 10060 9644 9080
Median daily rate £425 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+9.67% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £570 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 163 197 199
Median hourly rate £36.00 £37.45 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-3.87% +7.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.80 £17.50 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £55.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-10.62% +14.28%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 26 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2013 £425 +13.33% 652
South East -1 551 £360 +10.76% 289
Yorkshire +4 279 £400 +23.07% 127
West Midlands +5 273 £325 +13.04% 102
North West +6 251 £370 +12.12% 170
South West +3 242 £330 -5.71% 112
East of England +1 153 £360 +2.85% 109
East Midlands -7 99 £320 +11.30% 88
North East -47 54 £400 +26.98% 35
Midlands -10 1 £410 +28.12% 2
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 26 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7233 (93.55%) HTML
2 6354 (82.18%) JavaScript
3 3551 (45.93%) HTML5
4 3451 (44.63%) Agile Software Development
5 2805 (36.28%) CSS3
6 2389 (30.90%) AngularJS
7 2368 (30.63%) jQuery
8 1980 (25.61%) Front End Development
9 1976 (25.56%) Java
10 1765 (22.83%) .NET
11 1761 (22.78%) Web Development
12 1751 (22.65%) MVC
13 1632 (21.11%) C#
14 1512 (19.56%) TDD
15 1330 (17.20%) Git (software)
16 1268 (16.40%) SQL
17 1201 (15.53%) User Experience
18 1173 (15.17%) Scrum
19 1134 (14.67%) ASP.NET
20 1125 (14.55%) PHP
21 1112 (14.38%) Node.js
22 1095 (14.16%) Sass
23 1040 (13.45%) SQL Server
24 1007 (13.02%) XML
25 993 (12.84%) OO
26 946 (12.23%) Web Services
27 880 (11.38%) Ajax
28 870 (11.25%) React
29 854 (11.05%) Finance
30 819 (10.59%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 599 (7.75%) CMS
2 255 (3.30%) Tomcat
3 245 (3.17%) SharePoint
4 241 (3.12%) WordPress
5 203 (2.63%) Drupal
6 201 (2.60%) IIS
7 200 (2.59%) Apache
8 163 (2.11%) Confluence
9 144 (1.86%) JBoss
10 111 (1.44%) Umbraco
11 91 (1.18%) WebLogic
11 91 (1.18%) WebSphere
12 85 (1.10%) SharePoint 2013
13 83 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
14 80 (1.03%) nginx
15 76 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 69 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
17 56 (0.72%) SharePoint 2010
18 48 (0.62%) Jetty
19 34 (0.44%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 358 (4.63%) Photoshop
2 215 (2.78%) MS Excel
3 162 (2.10%) Adobe Illustrator
4 127 (1.64%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 93 (1.20%) MS Office
6 65 (0.84%) MS Visio
7 59 (0.76%) OmniGraffle
8 32 (0.41%) InfoPath
8 32 (0.41%) MS PowerPoint
9 26 (0.34%) Fireworks
10 21 (0.27%) InDesign
10 21 (0.27%) SPSS
11 12 (0.16%) GIMP
11 12 (0.16%) Stata
12 6 (0.078%) Acrobat
12 6 (0.078%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.078%) Adobe Captivate
13 5 (0.065%) MS Project
14 3 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
15 2 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 135 (1.75%) Magento
2 74 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
3 48 (0.62%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 24 (0.31%) Eloqua
5 20 (0.26%) BigMachines
6 17 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
7 11 (0.14%) WebTrends
8 10 (0.13%) OpenText VIM for SAP
8 10 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
9 8 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
9 8 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
10 6 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 6 (0.078%) Unica
11 5 (0.065%) ION MarketView
12 4 (0.052%) Dynamics NAV
12 4 (0.052%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.052%) Unit4 Business World
13 3 (0.039%) Oracle Payables
14 2 (0.026%) OpenCart
14 2 (0.026%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 296 (3.83%) Amazon AWS
2 208 (2.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 206 (2.66%) GitHub
4 110 (1.42%) SaaS
5 53 (0.69%) Google Analytics
6 47 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
7 46 (0.59%) Office 365
8 31 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
9 26 (0.34%) AWS CloudFormation
10 25 (0.32%) Heroku
11 22 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
12 18 (0.23%) Adobe Analytics
13 17 (0.22%) Amazon S3
14 16 (0.21%) PaaS
15 14 (0.18%) Force.com
15 14 (0.18%) Google App Engine
16 13 (0.17%) CloudFront
17 10 (0.13%) MailChimp
18 8 (0.10%) Amazon SQS
18 8 (0.10%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 397 (5.13%) HTTP
2 158 (2.04%) Internet
3 81 (1.05%) Network Security
4 67 (0.87%) DNS
5 65 (0.84%) TCP/IP
6 57 (0.74%) LDAP
7 56 (0.72%) Intranet
8 43 (0.56%) SSL
9 37 (0.48%) VPN
10 33 (0.43%) SNMP
11 30 (0.39%) Firewall
12 24 (0.31%) BGP
12 24 (0.31%) DHCP
13 23 (0.30%) IPsec
14 21 (0.27%) IPv6
14 21 (0.27%) Software-Defined Networking
15 19 (0.25%) SMTP
16 15 (0.19%) Cisco Nexus
17 14 (0.18%) AMQP
17 14 (0.18%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1040 (13.45%) SQL Server
2 815 (10.54%) MySQL
3 413 (5.34%) MongoDB
4 402 (5.20%) Relational Database
5 323 (4.18%) NoSQL
6 252 (3.26%) PostgreSQL
7 132 (1.71%) SQL Server 2008
8 120 (1.55%) Oracle Database
9 114 (1.47%) RDBMS
10 81 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
11 79 (1.02%) SQL Server 2012
12 77 (1.00%) Big Data
13 69 (0.89%) Hadoop
14 68 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 61 (0.79%) Neo4j
16 60 (0.78%) DB2
17 58 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 57 (0.74%) Redis
19 49 (0.63%) CouchDB
20 44 (0.57%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1330 (17.20%) Git (software)
2 563 (7.28%) Subversion
3 521 (6.74%) Grunt
4 392 (5.07%) gulp
5 352 (4.55%) Jenkins
6 338 (4.37%) JIRA
7 329 (4.26%) JUnit
8 313 (4.05%) Visual Studio
9 300 (3.88%) Jasmine
10 242 (3.13%) Selenium
11 222 (2.87%) Maven
12 168 (2.17%) Mocha
13 161 (2.08%) Team Foundation Server
14 157 (2.03%) Cucumber
15 150 (1.94%) Karma Test Runner
16 119 (1.54%) TeamCity
17 118 (1.53%) Eclipse
18 101 (1.31%) Mercurial
19 100 (1.29%) Axure RP
20 97 (1.25%) Ant
General
1 854 (11.05%) Finance
2 413 (5.34%) Banking
3 363 (4.69%) Marketing
4 228 (2.95%) Retail
5 137 (1.77%) Publishing
6 134 (1.73%) Games
7 128 (1.66%) Telecoms
8 121 (1.56%) Investment Banking
9 82 (1.06%) Advertising
10 71 (0.92%) Manufacturing
11 55 (0.71%) Electronics
12 48 (0.62%) Front Office
13 42 (0.54%) Financial Institution
14 41 (0.53%) Law
15 37 (0.48%) Back Office
16 35 (0.45%) Legal
17 33 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
18 29 (0.38%) Automotive
19 18 (0.23%) Local Government
20 16 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6348 (82.10%) Developer
2 1631 (21.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1433 (18.53%) JavaScript Developer
4 895 (11.58%) .NET Developer
5 817 (10.57%) Java Developer
6 731 (9.45%) HTML Developer
7 708 (9.16%) Web Developer
8 626 (8.10%) Senior Developer
9 595 (7.70%) HTML CSS Developer
10 569 (7.36%) C# Developer
11 481 (6.22%) Angular Developer
12 440 (5.69%) PHP Developer
13 432 (5.59%) C# .NET Developer
14 431 (5.57%) Designer
15 424 (5.48%) UI Developer
16 377 (4.88%) Full Stack Developer
17 346 (4.47%) ASP.NET Developer
18 331 (4.28%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 278 (3.60%) Agile Developer
20 229 (2.96%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7233 (93.55%) HTML
2 3551 (45.93%) HTML5
3 2805 (36.28%) CSS3
4 2389 (30.90%) AngularJS
5 2368 (30.63%) jQuery
6 1765 (22.83%) .NET
7 1134 (14.67%) ASP.NET
8 1112 (14.38%) Node.js
9 1095 (14.16%) Sass
10 1007 (13.02%) XML
11 946 (12.23%) Web Services
12 880 (11.38%) Ajax
13 870 (11.25%) React
14 778 (10.06%) Spring
15 769 (9.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 752 (9.73%) JSON
17 731 (9.45%) REST
18 643 (8.32%) ASP.NET MVC
19 581 (7.51%) RESTful
20 534 (6.91%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1201 (15.53%) User Experience
2 408 (5.28%) Mobile App
3 219 (2.83%) Analytical Skills
4 215 (2.78%) Computer Science
5 156 (2.02%) Visualisation
6 132 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
7 126 (1.63%) Digital Media
8 80 (1.03%) W3C
9 67 (0.87%) Fintech
10 63 (0.81%) N-Tier
11 60 (0.78%) Algorithms
12 59 (0.76%) Management Information System
13 55 (0.71%) iPad
14 49 (0.63%) Inversion of Control
14 49 (0.63%) Social Media
15 44 (0.57%) Animation
15 44 (0.57%) RIA
16 42 (0.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 40 (0.52%) Data Structures
17 40 (0.52%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 626 (8.10%) Linux
2 337 (4.36%) Windows
3 288 (3.72%) Unix
4 148 (1.91%) Android
5 131 (1.69%) Apple iOS
6 110 (1.42%) Windows Server
7 99 (1.28%) Mac OS X
8 68 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 32 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
10 26 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
11 25 (0.32%) Ubuntu
12 22 (0.28%) Windows Phone
13 15 (0.19%) Mac OS
14 13 (0.17%) Windows Mobile
15 11 (0.14%) Solaris
15 11 (0.14%) zOS
16 10 (0.13%) Debian
17 9 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
17 9 (0.12%) webOS
17 9 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3451 (44.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1980 (25.61%) Front End Development
3 1761 (22.78%) Web Development
4 1751 (22.65%) MVC
5 1512 (19.56%) TDD
6 1173 (15.17%) Scrum
7 993 (12.84%) OO
8 819 (10.59%) Responsive Web Design
9 719 (9.30%) E-Commerce
10 704 (9.11%) Continuous Integration
11 683 (8.83%) BDD
12 463 (5.99%) Web Design
13 435 (5.63%) Open Source
14 414 (5.35%) Software Engineering
15 404 (5.23%) Unit Testing
16 347 (4.49%) OOP
17 336 (4.35%) Wireframes
18 300 (3.88%) Mentoring
19 292 (3.78%) SOA
20 291 (3.76%) Automated Testing
Programming Languages
1 6354 (82.18%) JavaScript
2 1976 (25.56%) Java
3 1632 (21.11%) C#
4 1268 (16.40%) SQL
5 1125 (14.55%) PHP
6 537 (6.95%) Ruby
7 514 (6.65%) Python
8 362 (4.68%) Scala
9 237 (3.07%) T-SQL
10 216 (2.79%) ES6
11 155 (2.00%) C
12 151 (1.95%) PL/SQL
13 143 (1.85%) C++
14 129 (1.67%) VB
15 117 (1.51%) Groovy
16 110 (1.42%) Perl
17 106 (1.37%) PowerShell
18 105 (1.36%) TypeScript
19 97 (1.25%) VB.NET
20 73 (0.94%) ECMAScript
Qualifications
1 374 (4.84%) Degree
2 322 (4.16%) Security Cleared
3 187 (2.42%) SC Cleared
4 77 (1.00%) DV Cleared
5 43 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
6 30 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
7 27 (0.35%) MCSD
8 25 (0.32%) BC Cleared
9 18 (0.23%) MCSE
10 14 (0.18%) MCSA
11 11 (0.14%) MCAD
11 11 (0.14%) MCTS
12 10 (0.13%) MCITP
13 9 (0.12%) ISEB
13 9 (0.12%) PMI Certification
13 9 (0.12%) PMP
14 8 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
14 8 (0.10%) SAS Certification
15 7 (0.091%) CCNA
16 6 (0.078%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (1.90%) QA
2 47 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
3 40 (0.52%) WCAG
4 32 (0.41%) WAI
5 19 (0.25%) SLA
6 7 (0.091%) ISO 14001
6 7 (0.091%) ISO 9001
6 7 (0.091%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.052%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.039%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.026%) COBIT
9 2 (0.026%) FATCA
9 2 (0.026%) HL7
9 2 (0.026%) SDET
10 1 (0.013%) MiFID
10 1 (0.013%) PMBOK
System Software
1 85 (1.10%) Docker
2 66 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 35 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
4 26 (0.34%) Hyper-V
5 19 (0.25%) Varnish
6 11 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.091%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.039%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.039%) VMware ESX
8 3 (0.039%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.026%) LXC
9 2 (0.026%) ProxySG
9 2 (0.026%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.013%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.013%) GlusterFS
10 1 (0.013%) HDFS
10 1 (0.013%) KVM
10 1 (0.013%) vSphere
10 1 (0.013%) Xen
Systems Management
1 93 (1.20%) Puppet
2 50 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
3 27 (0.35%) Kibana
4 26 (0.34%) Ansible
5 20 (0.26%) Kubernetes
6 17 (0.22%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 15 (0.19%) TeamSite
8 10 (0.13%) OPNET
8 10 (0.13%) SCOM
9 7 (0.091%) AirWatch
10 5 (0.065%) logstash
11 4 (0.052%) CA Spectrum
11 4 (0.052%) Capistrano
11 4 (0.052%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.052%) yum
12 3 (0.039%) Microsoft Clustering
12 3 (0.039%) Oracle Identity Management
12 3 (0.039%) Piwik
13 2 (0.026%) CA Wily
13 2 (0.026%) Rancher
Vendors
1 541 (7.00%) Microsoft
2 526 (6.80%) Oracle
3 367 (4.75%) Adobe
4 211 (2.73%) Google
5 116 (1.50%) Sitecore
6 115 (1.49%) ServiceNow
7 111 (1.44%) IBM
7 111 (1.44%) Zend
8 99 (1.28%) SAP
9 96 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
10 68 (0.88%) Twitter
11 66 (0.85%) EPiServer
12 64 (0.83%) Red Hat
13 54 (0.70%) Atlassian
14 47 (0.61%) hybris
15 39 (0.50%) Telerik
16 38 (0.49%) ATG
16 38 (0.49%) Tableau
17 30 (0.39%) Apple
17 30 (0.39%) Informatica
London
AdRoc Group
Rate: From £550 to £600 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
West Midlands (County)
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 2 days ago
Middlesbrough, Cleveland
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Warrington, Cheshire
Energize Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
X4 Group
Rate: £250 - 320 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £325 - £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar
Rate: £275 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £430 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Sunderland, Tyne and Wear
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 3 days ago
West London
ninesharp
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
ninesharp
Posted: 2 days ago
Barking, Essex
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Sanderson
Rate: £325 - £360 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 5 days ago
Uxbridge, Middlesex
Edison Hill Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £3400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Staffordshire
Oscar
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago