The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 27 April 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
27 Apr 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 22 19 21
Rank change year-on-year
-3 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3504 3736 2800
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 6.94% 7.53% 6.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.48% 27.61% 24.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 2353 2591 1773
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£361 £350 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.21% +7.69%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £250 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £475 £475 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
- +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 27 76
Average hourly rate £32.52 £32.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.62% -8.57%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.03 £17.04 £14.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £43.10 £48.70 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.75 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+11.71% -8.57%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13754 13531 11636
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.22% 27.28% 27.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 9025 8917 7436
Average daily rate £388 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £265 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £338 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.70% +3.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 203 328
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.00 £17.65 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £52.50 £44.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.50 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+4.28% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 April 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 April 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 27 April 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1694 £388 +3.33% 769
South East -5 556 £325 - 414
Yorkshire +1 264 £325 +8.33% 174
North West -13 224 £330 +1.53% 309
South West -4 218 £350 +7.69% 155
East of England -3 207 £325 -3.34% 164
West Midlands -2 186 £315 +5.00% 161
East Midlands -5 108 £300 - 114
North East -2 32 £310 +24.00% 31
Midlands -2 1 - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 April 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6473 (94.63%) HTML
2 5592 (81.75%) JavaScript
3 3109 (45.45%) HTML5
4 2842 (41.55%) jQuery
5 2494 (36.46%) Agile Software Development
6 2476 (36.20%) CSS3
7 1849 (27.03%) .NET
8 1680 (24.56%) MVC
9 1630 (23.83%) C#
10 1443 (21.10%) AngularJS
11 1401 (20.48%) Java
12 1336 (19.53%) TDD
13 1305 (19.08%) ASP.NET
14 1216 (17.78%) SQL
15 1119 (16.36%) OO
16 1065 (15.57%) SQL Server
17 1025 (14.99%) User Experience
18 1021 (14.93%) PHP
19 1020 (14.91%) XML
20 1014 (14.82%) Web Services
21 944 (13.80%) Ajax
22 873 (12.76%) Git (software)
23 863 (12.62%) Scrum
24 847 (12.38%) Web Development
25 744 (10.88%) MySQL
26 712 (10.41%) Responsive Web Design
27 697 (10.19%) CMS
28 648 (9.47%) Node.js
29 637 (9.31%) Sass
30 628 (9.18%) JSON

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 27 April 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 697 (10.19%) CMS
2 648 (9.47%) Node.js
3 370 (5.41%) SharePoint
4 237 (3.46%) Apache
5 217 (3.17%) Drupal
6 191 (2.79%) SharePoint 2013
7 188 (2.75%) Tomcat
8 173 (2.53%) IIS
9 171 (2.50%) WordPress
10 161 (2.35%) Umbraco
11 132 (1.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 121 (1.77%) SharePoint 2010
13 119 (1.74%) Sitecore CMS
13 119 (1.74%) WebSphere
14 100 (1.46%) JBoss
15 75 (1.10%) WebLogic
16 56 (0.82%) Confluence
17 49 (0.72%) Apache Solr
18 48 (0.70%) nginx
19 44 (0.64%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 495 (7.24%) Photoshop
2 228 (3.33%) Adobe Illustrator
3 190 (2.78%) MS Excel
4 131 (1.92%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 60 (0.88%) Fireworks
6 57 (0.83%) MS Office
7 37 (0.54%) InfoPath
8 33 (0.48%) InDesign
9 31 (0.45%) MS Visio
10 28 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
11 25 (0.37%) OmniGraffle
12 16 (0.23%) MS Project
13 15 (0.22%) MS PowerPoint
14 13 (0.19%) Acrobat
15 11 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
16 8 (0.12%) GIMP
17 7 (0.10%) PowerPivot
18 5 (0.073%) ImageReady
19 3 (0.044%) Adobe Premiere
20 2 (0.029%) Edge Animate
Business Applications
1 116 (1.70%) Magento
2 55 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 25 (0.37%) Tridion
4 22 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 18 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
6 15 (0.22%) WebTrends
7 10 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.044%) Siebel Analytics
8 3 (0.044%) Oracle CRM
8 3 (0.044%) osCommerce
8 3 (0.044%) Fredhopper
9 2 (0.029%) Maximo
9 2 (0.029%) Summit
9 2 (0.029%) Temenos T24
10 1 (0.015%) Oracle 11i
10 1 (0.015%) AWD
10 1 (0.015%) Exstream
10 1 (0.015%) RMDS
10 1 (0.015%) SAP CRM
10 1 (0.015%) CODA-Financials
Cloud Services
1 158 (2.31%) Amazon AWS
2 143 (2.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (1.10%) GitHub
4 66 (0.96%) Office 365
5 58 (0.85%) SaaS
6 46 (0.67%) Heroku
7 39 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (0.56%) Google Analytics
9 24 (0.35%) Amazon S3
10 23 (0.34%) Adobe Analytics
11 15 (0.22%) Force.com
12 12 (0.18%) PaaS
12 12 (0.18%) Google Cloud Platform
13 11 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (0.12%) Google App Engine
15 7 (0.10%) OpenShift
15 7 (0.10%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (0.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 7 (0.10%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 4 (0.058%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 216 (3.16%) HTTP
2 203 (2.97%) Internet
3 137 (2.00%) Intranet
4 46 (0.67%) LDAP
5 37 (0.54%) SSL
6 33 (0.48%) VPN
6 33 (0.48%) Firewall
7 24 (0.35%) TCP/IP
8 18 (0.26%) Network Security
9 17 (0.25%) DNS
10 15 (0.22%) Extranet
11 14 (0.20%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 14 (0.20%) Cisco Nexus
12 13 (0.19%) BIG-IP
13 11 (0.16%) HTTPS
14 10 (0.15%) OSPF
14 10 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
14 10 (0.15%) Cisco ASA
15 9 (0.13%) Skype
15 9 (0.13%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1065 (15.57%) SQL Server
2 744 (10.88%) MySQL
3 286 (4.18%) Relational Database
4 265 (3.87%) MongoDB
5 248 (3.63%) SQL Server 2008
6 167 (2.44%) NoSQL
7 135 (1.97%) SQL Server 2012
8 120 (1.75%) PostgreSQL
9 98 (1.43%) Oracle Database
10 92 (1.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 81 (1.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 75 (1.10%) SQL Server 2005
13 64 (0.94%) Redis
14 59 (0.86%) RDBMS
15 51 (0.75%) Big Data
15 51 (0.75%) Apache Cassandra
16 39 (0.57%) Oracle Database 11g
17 38 (0.56%) Data Warehouse
18 33 (0.48%) MS Access
19 31 (0.45%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 873 (12.76%) Git (software)
2 495 (7.24%) Visual Studio
3 453 (6.62%) Subversion
4 357 (5.22%) Grunt
5 257 (3.76%) Team Foundation Server
6 214 (3.13%) Selenium
7 211 (3.08%) Jasmine
8 191 (2.79%) Jenkins
9 187 (2.73%) JUnit
10 183 (2.68%) Maven
11 168 (2.46%) JIRA
12 165 (2.41%) Axure RP
13 159 (2.32%) Cucumber
14 141 (2.06%) Eclipse
14 141 (2.06%) Bower
15 131 (1.92%) Ant
16 121 (1.77%) NUnit
17 92 (1.35%) Mocha
18 83 (1.21%) Dreamweaver
19 66 (0.96%) TeamCity
General
1 567 (8.29%) Finance
2 350 (5.12%) Marketing
3 253 (3.70%) Banking
4 202 (2.95%) Retail
5 138 (2.02%) Telecoms
6 125 (1.83%) Publishing
7 122 (1.78%) Games
8 109 (1.59%) Advertising
9 100 (1.46%) Investment Banking
10 40 (0.58%) Manufacturing
11 39 (0.57%) Legal
12 34 (0.50%) Electronics
13 28 (0.41%) Law
13 28 (0.41%) Multimedia
14 23 (0.34%) Automotive
15 21 (0.31%) Financial Institution
16 19 (0.28%) Front Office
17 18 (0.26%) Back Office
18 11 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
18 11 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 5613 (82.06%) Developer
2 1192 (17.43%) Front-End Developer
3 853 (12.47%) Web Developer
4 786 (11.49%) .NET Developer
5 524 (7.66%) JavaScript Developer
6 510 (7.46%) Java Developer
7 498 (7.28%) Designer
8 496 (7.25%) Senior Developer
9 445 (6.51%) C# Developer
10 384 (5.61%) PHP Developer
11 321 (4.69%) C# .NET Developer
12 307 (4.49%) UI Developer
13 286 (4.18%) UI Programmer
14 247 (3.61%) ASP.NET Developer
15 225 (3.29%) UX Designer
16 192 (2.81%) SharePoint Developer
17 187 (2.73%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 167 (2.44%) Architect
19 164 (2.40%) Front-End Web Developer
20 124 (1.81%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6473 (94.63%) HTML
2 3109 (45.45%) HTML5
3 2842 (41.55%) jQuery
4 2476 (36.20%) CSS3
5 1849 (27.03%) .NET
6 1443 (21.10%) AngularJS
7 1305 (19.08%) ASP.NET
8 1020 (14.91%) XML
9 1014 (14.82%) Web Services
10 944 (13.80%) Ajax
11 637 (9.31%) Sass
12 628 (9.18%) JSON
13 613 (8.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 608 (8.89%) Backbone.js
15 593 (8.67%) ASP.NET MVC
16 481 (7.03%) REST
17 480 (7.02%) .NET Framework
18 459 (6.71%) RESTful
19 436 (6.37%) Spring
20 419 (6.13%) XHTML
Miscellaneous
1 1025 (14.99%) User Experience
2 342 (5.00%) Mobile App
3 255 (3.73%) Open Source
4 218 (3.19%) Analytical Skills
5 211 (3.08%) W3C
6 178 (2.60%) Computer Science
7 140 (2.05%) Visualisation
8 99 (1.45%) Digital Media
9 90 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
10 89 (1.30%) Social Media
11 86 (1.26%) Graphic Design
12 64 (0.94%) RIA
13 54 (0.79%) iPad
14 49 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 45 (0.66%) Data Structures
16 41 (0.60%) Inversion of Control
16 41 (0.60%) CMDB
17 36 (0.53%) Web 2.0
17 36 (0.53%) N-Tier
17 36 (0.53%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 525 (7.68%) Linux
2 315 (4.61%) Windows
3 259 (3.79%) UNIX
4 248 (3.63%) Android
4 248 (3.63%) Apple iOS
5 98 (1.43%) Mac OS X
6 30 (0.44%) Windows Phone
7 29 (0.42%) CentOS
7 29 (0.42%) Solaris
8 28 (0.41%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
10 14 (0.20%) AIX
11 9 (0.13%) Mac OS
12 8 (0.12%) Windows 7
12 8 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 8 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
12 8 (0.12%) SUSE
13 7 (0.10%) Windows Phone 7
14 6 (0.088%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2494 (36.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1680 (24.56%) MVC
3 1336 (19.53%) TDD
4 1119 (16.36%) OO
5 863 (12.62%) Scrum
6 847 (12.38%) Web Development
7 712 (10.41%) Responsive Web Design
8 567 (8.29%) E-Commerce
9 517 (7.56%) BDD
10 407 (5.95%) Continuous Integration
11 396 (5.79%) Web Design
12 366 (5.35%) Content Management
13 361 (5.28%) Unit Testing
14 347 (5.07%) OOP
15 283 (4.14%) Software Engineering
16 262 (3.83%) SOA
17 172 (2.51%) Analytics
18 167 (2.44%) Mentoring
19 160 (2.34%) Kanban
20 157 (2.30%) Mobile Development
Programming Languages
1 5592 (81.75%) JavaScript
2 1630 (23.83%) C#
3 1401 (20.48%) Java
4 1216 (17.78%) SQL
5 1021 (14.93%) PHP
6 383 (5.60%) Ruby
7 294 (4.30%) Python
8 180 (2.63%) T-SQL
9 126 (1.84%) VB.NET
10 117 (1.71%) PHP5
11 106 (1.55%) PL/SQL
12 103 (1.51%) Scala
13 95 (1.39%) C++
14 87 (1.27%) C
15 76 (1.11%) Perl
15 76 (1.11%) VB
16 70 (1.02%) Objective-C
17 61 (0.89%) PowerShell
18 60 (0.88%) VBA
19 52 (0.76%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 423 (6.18%) Degree
2 242 (3.54%) Security Cleared
3 146 (2.13%) SC Cleared
4 34 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
5 26 (0.38%) DV Cleared
6 23 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
7 16 (0.23%) ISTQB
8 14 (0.20%) ISEB
9 12 (0.18%) Sun Certification
10 11 (0.16%) HND
11 9 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 8 (0.12%) CCNP
13 7 (0.10%) MCP
13 7 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
14 5 (0.073%) CTC Cleared
14 5 (0.073%) CCNA
15 4 (0.058%) BC Cleared
15 4 (0.058%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.058%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 3 (0.044%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 183 (2.68%) QA
2 18 (0.26%) WCAG
3 15 (0.22%) WAI
4 14 (0.20%) ISO 9001
5 12 (0.18%) SLA
6 5 (0.073%) HL7
7 3 (0.044%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.029%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.029%) ISO 14001
9 1 (0.015%) GxP
9 1 (0.015%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.015%) Data Quality
System Software
1 27 (0.39%) Active Directory
1 27 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (0.38%) Varnish
3 23 (0.34%) Docker
4 9 (0.13%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.073%) vCloud
5 5 (0.073%) Firmware
6 3 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.029%) Terminal Services
7 2 (0.029%) XenApp
7 2 (0.029%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.015%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.015%) Postfix
8 1 (0.015%) VMware ESX
8 1 (0.015%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.015%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 86 (1.26%) Puppet
2 42 (0.61%) Vagrant
3 35 (0.51%) Ansible
4 22 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (0.29%) HP UCMDB
6 18 (0.26%) Graylog
7 13 (0.19%) Kibana
8 12 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
8 12 (0.18%) TeamSite
9 10 (0.15%) Capistrano
9 10 (0.15%) Salt
10 6 (0.088%) OPNET
11 5 (0.073%) Zenoss
11 5 (0.073%) Plesk
11 5 (0.073%) logstash
11 5 (0.073%) OpenAM
12 4 (0.058%) CiscoWorks
13 3 (0.044%) WSUS
13 3 (0.044%) SCCM
13 3 (0.044%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 569 (8.32%) Microsoft
2 431 (6.30%) Adobe
3 414 (6.05%) Oracle
4 200 (2.92%) Google
5 160 (2.34%) Sitecore
6 129 (1.89%) Zend
7 95 (1.39%) Twitter
8 82 (1.20%) IBM
9 70 (1.02%) EPiServer
10 61 (0.89%) ServiceNow
11 52 (0.76%) Apple
12 51 (0.75%) SAP
12 51 (0.75%) HP
13 43 (0.63%) VMware
13 43 (0.63%) hybris
14 42 (0.61%) Facebook
15 40 (0.58%) Ektron
15 40 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
16 37 (0.54%) BMC
17 35 (0.51%) Red Hat
London
ConSol Partners
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Cooper Lomaz Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £300 - 350 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
Search Consultancy
Posted: 2 hours ago
Slough, Berkshire
RB
Posted: 2 hours ago
Bicester, Oxfordshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £0.00 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
RB
Posted: 3 hours ago
Ashford, Kent
Square One Resources
Posted: 4 hours ago
Ashford, Kent
Square One Resources
Posted: 4 hours ago
Ashford, Kent
Square One Resources
Posted: 4 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Arrows Group
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £342 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £500 to £600 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £200 - £250 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 5 hours ago
Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £200 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
The People Network
Rate: £300 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Posted: 5 hours ago