The first table below looks at the demand for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 25 July 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category for the England region.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
25 Jul 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
0 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3670 3337 3260
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.43% 7.17% 6.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.70% 25.22% 23.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 2506 2187 2033
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £330 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £240 £215 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £462 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £313 £296 £300
% change year-on-year
+5.48% -1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 54 83
Average hourly rate £33.00 £33.50 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-1.49% +11.66%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.05 £14.75 £16.05
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £46.40 £41.90
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +10.00%
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13745 13229 13967
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.84% 28.44% 26.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 8985 8596 8674
Average daily rate £375 £375 £363
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +3.44%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £338 £325 £320
% change year-on-year
+3.84% +1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 203 276 345
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £20.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £32.75
% change year-on-year
+2.94% +3.81%
CSS
UK

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 25 July 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 25 July 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 25 July 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 2006 £400 +8.84% 671
South East 0 520 £325 +4.00% 369
North West 0 237 £315 +5.00% 242
East of England +2 229 £325 +4.00% 124
South West -4 216 £325 +14.03% 146
West Midlands -7 166 £313 +13.63% 101
Yorkshire +6 161 £280 +1.81% 151
East Midlands +4 97 £273 +2.83% 118
North East +1 26 £300 +5.72% 54
Midlands -6 3 - -
South Coast - - - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 25 July 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6968 (93.81%) HTML
2 5806 (78.16%) JavaScript
3 3181 (42.82%) jQuery
4 3152 (42.43%) HTML5
5 2487 (33.48%) CSS3
6 2012 (27.09%) .NET
7 1764 (23.75%) C#
8 1655 (22.28%) MVC
9 1469 (19.78%) PHP
10 1458 (19.63%) ASP.NET
11 1406 (18.93%) Agile Software Development
12 1357 (18.27%) XML
13 1335 (17.97%) Java
14 1298 (17.47%) TDD
15 1251 (16.84%) Ajax
16 1250 (16.83%) OO
17 1235 (16.63%) SQL Server
18 1204 (16.21%) SQL
19 1060 (14.27%) Web Development
20 1006 (13.54%) MySQL
21 943 (12.70%) Web Services
22 925 (12.45%) Git (software)
22 925 (12.45%) AngularJS
23 868 (11.69%) Scrum
24 857 (11.54%) Responsive Web Design
25 809 (10.89%) E-Commerce
26 697 (9.38%) CMS
26 697 (9.38%) JSON
27 695 (9.36%) Subversion
28 658 (8.86%) Linux

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 25 July 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 697 (9.38%) CMS
2 469 (6.31%) Node.js
3 382 (5.14%) SharePoint
4 303 (4.08%) Apache
5 282 (3.80%) Drupal
6 251 (3.38%) WordPress
7 237 (3.19%) IIS
8 197 (2.65%) Tomcat
9 176 (2.37%) SharePoint 2010
10 165 (2.22%) Umbraco
11 154 (2.07%) SharePoint 2013
12 107 (1.44%) Sitecore CMS
13 93 (1.25%) WebLogic
14 90 (1.21%) Adobe CQ
15 70 (0.94%) WebSphere
16 50 (0.67%) SharePoint Server
16 50 (0.67%) Confluence
17 42 (0.57%) Apache Solr
18 40 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
19 29 (0.39%) Joomla!
Applications
1 643 (8.66%) Photoshop
2 371 (4.99%) Adobe Illustrator
3 204 (2.75%) MS Excel
4 77 (1.04%) MS Office
5 62 (0.83%) Fireworks
6 56 (0.75%) InDesign
7 46 (0.62%) InfoPath
8 45 (0.61%) OmniGraffle
9 37 (0.50%) MS Visio
10 27 (0.36%) Acrobat
11 23 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
12 13 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
13 6 (0.081%) Adobe Captivate
13 6 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
13 6 (0.081%) MS Project
14 4 (0.054%) PaintShop Pro
14 4 (0.054%) GIMP
15 2 (0.027%) Adobe Premiere
15 2 (0.027%) RoboHelp
15 2 (0.027%) PowerPivot
Business Applications
1 167 (2.25%) Magento
2 57 (0.77%) Google Analytics
3 51 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
4 26 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
5 21 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 17 (0.23%) WebTrends
7 16 (0.22%) SiteCatalyst
8 11 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
9 10 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
10 9 (0.12%) Oracle CRM
10 9 (0.12%) Summit
11 8 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
11 8 (0.11%) Tridion
12 4 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
13 3 (0.040%) SAP SD
13 3 (0.040%) osCommerce
13 3 (0.040%) RiskWrite
14 2 (0.027%) Zen Cart
14 2 (0.027%) Markit EDM
14 2 (0.027%) e-Work
Cloud Services
1 85 (1.14%) Microsoft Azure
2 73 (0.98%) Amazon AWS
3 71 (0.96%) SaaS
4 52 (0.70%) GitHub
5 35 (0.47%) Office 365
6 29 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (0.28%) Cloud Computing
8 19 (0.26%) Amazon S3
9 17 (0.23%) Heroku
10 9 (0.12%) Force.com
11 8 (0.11%) Google App Engine
12 6 (0.081%) PaaS
13 5 (0.067%) Rackspace Cloud
14 4 (0.054%) Joyent
15 3 (0.040%) Google Compute Engine
16 2 (0.027%) Trello
16 2 (0.027%) Google Apps
16 2 (0.027%) CloudFront
17 1 (0.013%) Basecamp
17 1 (0.013%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 225 (3.03%) Internet
2 222 (2.99%) HTTP
3 113 (1.52%) Intranet
4 65 (0.88%) LDAP
5 31 (0.42%) Firewall
6 30 (0.40%) FTP
7 28 (0.38%) SSL
8 25 (0.34%) DNS
9 24 (0.32%) TCP/IP
10 21 (0.28%) SMTP
10 21 (0.28%) Extranet
11 19 (0.26%) VPN
12 18 (0.24%) SSH
13 15 (0.20%) HTTPS
14 12 (0.16%) WAN
15 11 (0.15%) SAN
15 11 (0.15%) Cisco ASA
16 10 (0.13%) Cisco Nexus
16 10 (0.13%) MPLS
16 10 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1235 (16.63%) SQL Server
2 1006 (13.54%) MySQL
3 342 (4.60%) SQL Server 2008
4 332 (4.47%) Relational Database
5 182 (2.45%) MongoDB
6 164 (2.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 150 (2.02%) NoSQL
8 132 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 130 (1.75%) SQL Server 2012
10 104 (1.40%) SQL Server 2005
11 102 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
12 91 (1.23%) RDBMS
13 80 (1.08%) Oracle Database
14 68 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
15 66 (0.89%) Big Data
16 50 (0.67%) Redis
17 35 (0.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 34 (0.46%) Oracle Reports
19 33 (0.44%) SQL Server 2000
20 32 (0.43%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 925 (12.45%) Git (software)
2 695 (9.36%) Subversion
3 476 (6.41%) Visual Studio
4 218 (2.93%) JUnit
5 208 (2.80%) Maven
6 206 (2.77%) Team Foundation Server
7 186 (2.50%) Jenkins
8 183 (2.46%) Grunt
9 176 (2.37%) Eclipse
10 170 (2.29%) Jasmine
11 150 (2.02%) JIRA
12 136 (1.83%) Cucumber
13 135 (1.82%) Selenium
14 132 (1.78%) NUnit
15 124 (1.67%) Ant
16 123 (1.66%) Axure RP
17 120 (1.62%) TeamCity
18 103 (1.39%) Dreamweaver
19 92 (1.24%) WebDriver
20 89 (1.20%) Mercurial
General
1 638 (8.59%) Finance
2 306 (4.12%) Retail
3 305 (4.11%) Marketing
4 215 (2.89%) Banking
5 136 (1.83%) Publishing
6 121 (1.63%) Advertising
7 117 (1.58%) Telecoms
8 106 (1.43%) Games
9 80 (1.08%) Investment Banking
10 77 (1.04%) Legal
10 77 (1.04%) Manufacturing
11 42 (0.57%) Back Office
12 39 (0.53%) Front Office
13 36 (0.48%) Electronics
14 31 (0.42%) Financial Institution
15 25 (0.34%) Automotive
16 17 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
17 14 (0.19%) Multimedia
18 9 (0.12%) Law
19 8 (0.11%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6141 (82.67%) Developer
2 1409 (18.97%) Front-End Developer
3 1165 (15.68%) Web Developer
4 897 (12.08%) .NET Developer
5 533 (7.18%) PHP Developer
6 530 (7.14%) Designer
7 511 (6.88%) JavaScript Developer
8 486 (6.54%) Java Developer
9 439 (5.91%) Senior Developer
10 416 (5.60%) C# Developer
11 320 (4.31%) ASP.NET Developer
12 301 (4.05%) UI Developer
13 299 (4.03%) C# .NET Developer
14 277 (3.73%) UI Programmer
15 249 (3.35%) Front-End Web Developer
16 182 (2.45%) SharePoint Developer
17 181 (2.44%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 174 (2.34%) User Experience Designer
19 162 (2.18%) Architect
20 159 (2.14%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6968 (93.81%) HTML
2 3181 (42.82%) jQuery
3 3152 (42.43%) HTML5
4 2487 (33.48%) CSS3
5 2012 (27.09%) .NET
6 1458 (19.63%) ASP.NET
7 1357 (18.27%) XML
8 1251 (16.84%) Ajax
9 943 (12.70%) Web Services
10 925 (12.45%) AngularJS
11 697 (9.38%) JSON
12 656 (8.83%) Backbone.js
13 633 (8.52%) XHTML
14 626 (8.43%) ASP.NET MVC
15 520 (7.00%) .NET Framework
16 474 (6.38%) Spring
17 455 (6.13%) Sass
18 418 (5.63%) WCF
19 402 (5.41%) JSP
19 402 (5.41%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 373 (5.02%) Mobile App
2 304 (4.09%) Open Source
3 247 (3.33%) W3C
4 195 (2.63%) Computer Science
5 166 (2.23%) Enterprise Software
6 107 (1.44%) Social Media
7 101 (1.36%) Visualisation
8 88 (1.18%) Graphic Design
9 85 (1.14%) Digital Media
10 69 (0.93%) iPhone
11 65 (0.88%) iPad
12 56 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 51 (0.69%) Management Information System
13 51 (0.69%) RIA
14 43 (0.58%) N-Tier
15 39 (0.53%) Animation
16 38 (0.51%) E-Learning
16 38 (0.51%) GIS
17 32 (0.43%) Client/Server
17 32 (0.43%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 658 (8.86%) Linux
2 397 (5.34%) Windows
3 391 (5.26%) UNIX
4 299 (4.03%) Apple iOS
5 275 (3.70%) Android
6 110 (1.48%) Mac OS X
7 79 (1.06%) Windows Server 2008
8 35 (0.47%) Windows Server 2003
8 35 (0.47%) Solaris
9 25 (0.34%) Ubuntu
9 25 (0.34%) Windows 7
10 21 (0.28%) Windows Mobile
11 18 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 17 (0.23%) Mac OS
12 17 (0.23%) CentOS
12 17 (0.23%) Windows XP
13 16 (0.22%) Windows Phone
14 14 (0.19%) Windows 8
14 14 (0.19%) AIX
15 12 (0.16%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1655 (22.28%) MVC
2 1406 (18.93%) Agile Software Development
3 1298 (17.47%) TDD
4 1250 (16.83%) OO
5 1060 (14.27%) Web Development
6 868 (11.69%) Scrum
7 857 (11.54%) Responsive Web Design
8 809 (10.89%) E-Commerce
9 510 (6.87%) Web Design
10 492 (6.62%) BDD
11 472 (6.35%) Continuous Integration
12 426 (5.74%) OOP
13 425 (5.72%) Unit Testing
14 307 (4.13%) Content Management
15 256 (3.45%) Software Engineering
16 234 (3.15%) SEO
17 189 (2.54%) SOA
18 186 (2.50%) Configuration Management
18 186 (2.50%) Kanban
19 170 (2.29%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 5806 (78.16%) JavaScript
2 1764 (23.75%) C#
3 1469 (19.78%) PHP
4 1335 (17.97%) Java
5 1204 (16.21%) SQL
6 362 (4.87%) Ruby
7 292 (3.93%) Python
8 266 (3.58%) T-SQL
9 198 (2.67%) PHP5
10 167 (2.25%) VB.NET
10 167 (2.25%) PL/SQL
11 127 (1.71%) Scala
12 97 (1.31%) Perl
13 90 (1.21%) C++
14 74 (1.00%) VB
15 71 (0.96%) C
16 64 (0.86%) Objective-C
17 58 (0.78%) ActionScript
17 58 (0.78%) PowerShell
18 40 (0.54%) XPath
Qualifications
1 403 (5.43%) Degree
2 166 (2.23%) Security Cleared
3 103 (1.39%) SC Cleared
4 37 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
5 15 (0.20%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
6 12 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
7 10 (0.13%) CCNP
8 9 (0.12%) ISEB
8 9 (0.12%) MCPD
9 8 (0.11%) MCSD
10 7 (0.094%) ISTQB
10 7 (0.094%) Sun Certification
10 7 (0.094%) OCPJP
11 6 (0.081%) MCTS
11 6 (0.081%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.067%) BC Cleared
12 5 (0.067%) MCP
13 4 (0.054%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 3 (0.040%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 205 (2.76%) QA
2 47 (0.63%) ISO 9001
3 33 (0.44%) WCAG
4 25 (0.34%) WAI
5 23 (0.31%) SLA
6 9 (0.12%) ISO 14001
7 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.094%) HL7
9 5 (0.067%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.054%) Section 508
11 2 (0.027%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.013%) EMIR
12 1 (0.013%) Dodd-Frank
12 1 (0.013%) COBIT
12 1 (0.013%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.013%) TickIT
System Software
1 47 (0.63%) Active Directory
2 21 (0.28%) Varnish
3 19 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.16%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.067%) Docker
5 5 (0.067%) VMware ESX
6 3 (0.040%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 3 (0.040%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 3 (0.040%) NFS
6 3 (0.040%) vCloud
7 2 (0.027%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.013%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.013%) Squid
8 1 (0.013%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 51 (0.69%) Puppet
2 22 (0.30%) Vagrant
3 17 (0.23%) Nagios
4 15 (0.20%) OpenSSO
5 13 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
6 12 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.16%) Capistrano
7 8 (0.11%) Control-M
8 7 (0.094%) HP UCMDB
8 7 (0.094%) Ansible
9 4 (0.054%) Graylog2
9 4 (0.054%) Cacti
10 3 (0.040%) SCOM
10 3 (0.040%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.040%) BMC PATROL
10 3 (0.040%) NetBackup
10 3 (0.040%) HAProxy
11 2 (0.027%) logstash
11 2 (0.027%) Opsview
11 2 (0.027%) OpenIDM
Vendors
1 549 (7.39%) Microsoft
2 512 (6.89%) Adobe
3 465 (6.26%) Oracle
4 255 (3.43%) Zend
5 141 (1.90%) Google
6 133 (1.79%) Sitecore
7 122 (1.64%) Twitter
8 89 (1.20%) JBoss
9 59 (0.79%) SAP
10 58 (0.78%) EPiServer
11 57 (0.77%) hybris
12 56 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
13 51 (0.69%) IBM
14 49 (0.66%) Facebook
15 48 (0.65%) ServiceNow
16 46 (0.62%) Sencha
17 36 (0.48%) Red Hat
18 30 (0.40%) Telerik
18 30 (0.40%) Ektron
19 27 (0.36%) JD Edwards
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Randstad Technologies
Rate: £150 - £200 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Hounslow, Middlesex
Experis Ltd
Rate: £30 - £40 per hour
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £600 to £650 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £400 per day + work from home
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: 2 hours ago
Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Ilkley, West Yorkshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £280 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
FIRST POINT IT RESOURCING
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £80 to £100 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £220 to £260 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Aston Carter
Rate: £150 - £250 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £405 per annum
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £100 to £200 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
Montash
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
West Midlands
Network IT Recruitment
Posted: 19 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Salmon Limited
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 20 hours ago