The first table below looks at the demand for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 18 April 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category for the England region.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
18 Apr 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 21 26
Rank change year-on-year
+2 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 3862 2754 3080
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.52% 6.39% 5.53%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.02% 23.81% 21.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 2652 1749 1949
Average daily rate £350 £325 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.69% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £225 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £475 £450 £425
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 71 69
Average hourly rate £31.00 £35.00 £20.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-11.42% +75.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.90 £14.00 £12.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.90 £42.50 £42.30
UK excluding London average hourly rate £32.00 £35.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year
-8.57% +79.48%
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13782 11568 14360
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 26.85% 26.85% 25.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 9018 7371 8668
Average daily rate £375 £375 £360
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £263 £260 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £333 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+2.46% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 211 331 363
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +7.69%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £17.00 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £44.50 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year
- +12.90%
CSS
UK

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 18 April 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 18 April 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 18 April 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click each for more statistics)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Find
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1953 £375 +7.14% 680
South East +1 579 £325 - 340
North West +7 271 £325 +9.70% 239
South West +11 270 £325 +10.16% 137
East of England -1 251 £335 +11.66% 160
Yorkshire +3 185 £300 +3.44% 141
West Midlands +4 179 £300 +9.09% 118
East Midlands +5 136 £300 +5.26% 105
North East -5 38 £250 - 28
Midlands -7 4 - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 18 April 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6467 (92.57%) HTML
2 5505 (78.80%) JavaScript
3 3234 (46.29%) jQuery
4 2950 (42.23%) HTML5
5 2372 (33.95%) CSS3
6 1955 (27.98%) .NET
7 1658 (23.73%) C#
8 1582 (22.65%) MVC
9 1377 (19.71%) XML
10 1348 (19.30%) PHP
10 1348 (19.30%) Agile Software Development
11 1322 (18.92%) ASP.NET
12 1313 (18.79%) Ajax
13 1280 (18.32%) Java
14 1188 (17.01%) SQL
14 1188 (17.01%) SQL Server
15 1143 (16.36%) TDD
16 1100 (15.75%) OO
17 915 (13.10%) MySQL
18 908 (13.00%) Web Development
19 896 (12.83%) Web Services
20 887 (12.70%) Scrum
21 777 (11.12%) Responsive Web Design
22 754 (10.79%) Git (software)
23 736 (10.54%) E-Commerce
24 654 (9.36%) JSON
25 639 (9.15%) XHTML
26 634 (9.08%) CMS
27 633 (9.06%) ASP.NET MVC
28 625 (8.95%) AngularJS

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 18 April 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 634 (9.08%) CMS
2 389 (5.57%) Node.js
3 343 (4.91%) SharePoint
4 301 (4.31%) Apache
5 272 (3.89%) Drupal
6 218 (3.12%) WordPress
7 198 (2.83%) Tomcat
8 197 (2.82%) IIS
9 143 (2.05%) SharePoint 2010
10 136 (1.95%) Umbraco
11 112 (1.60%) WebLogic
12 99 (1.42%) SharePoint 2013
13 83 (1.19%) Adobe CQ
14 82 (1.17%) Sitecore CMS
15 49 (0.70%) WebSphere
16 48 (0.69%) Apache Solr
17 42 (0.60%) SharePoint Server
18 38 (0.54%) Confluence
19 34 (0.49%) nginx
20 22 (0.31%) Alfresco
Applications
1 580 (8.30%) Photoshop
2 297 (4.25%) Adobe Illustrator
3 210 (3.01%) MS Excel
4 93 (1.33%) MS Office
5 90 (1.29%) Fireworks
6 35 (0.50%) MS Visio
7 34 (0.49%) InfoPath
7 34 (0.49%) InDesign
8 30 (0.43%) Acrobat
8 30 (0.43%) OmniGraffle
9 25 (0.36%) MS PowerPoint
10 13 (0.19%) Adobe Captivate
11 11 (0.16%) Quicktime
11 11 (0.16%) QuarkXPress
11 11 (0.16%) PaintShop Pro
12 9 (0.13%) MS Project
12 9 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
13 6 (0.086%) Mingle
14 4 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
15 3 (0.043%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 147 (2.10%) Magento
2 65 (0.93%) Google Analytics
3 35 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
4 21 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
4 21 (0.30%) Remedy ITSM
5 11 (0.16%) WebTrends
6 10 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 8 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
7 8 (0.11%) SiteCatalyst
8 6 (0.086%) Oracle CRM
9 5 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
9 5 (0.072%) RiskWrite
9 5 (0.072%) Summit
10 4 (0.057%) Siebel Analytics
11 3 (0.043%) SAP SD
11 3 (0.043%) Tridion
11 3 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
12 2 (0.029%) SunGard GMI
12 2 (0.029%) e-Work
Cloud Services
1 72 (1.03%) SaaS
2 55 (0.79%) Amazon AWS
3 54 (0.77%) Microsoft Azure
4 28 (0.40%) GitHub
5 21 (0.30%) Heroku
6 16 (0.23%) Google App Engine
6 16 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
7 14 (0.20%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (0.16%) Amazon S3
9 9 (0.13%) Office 365
10 6 (0.086%) Rackspace Cloud
11 5 (0.072%) PaaS
11 5 (0.072%) Trello
12 4 (0.057%) Joyent
13 3 (0.043%) Force.com
14 2 (0.029%) Basecamp
15 1 (0.014%) IaaS
15 1 (0.014%) Google Apps
15 1 (0.014%) CloudFront
15 1 (0.014%) IBM SmartCloud
Communications & Networking
1 214 (3.06%) Internet
2 173 (2.48%) HTTP
3 119 (1.70%) Intranet
4 71 (1.02%) LDAP
5 49 (0.70%) SSL
6 39 (0.56%) Firewall
7 32 (0.46%) FTP
8 30 (0.43%) TCP/IP
8 30 (0.43%) DNS
9 25 (0.36%) WAN
10 24 (0.34%) Cisco ASA
11 23 (0.33%) DMVPN
11 23 (0.33%) Cisco Nexus
11 23 (0.33%) MPLS
12 21 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 21 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
12 21 (0.30%) BIG-IP
13 19 (0.27%) VPN
14 18 (0.26%) Extranet
15 16 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1188 (17.01%) SQL Server
2 915 (13.10%) MySQL
3 374 (5.35%) SQL Server 2008
4 325 (4.65%) Relational Database
5 209 (2.99%) MongoDB
6 154 (2.20%) NoSQL
7 147 (2.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 133 (1.90%) SQL Server 2005
9 123 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 105 (1.50%) RDBMS
11 100 (1.43%) Oracle Database
12 99 (1.42%) SQL Server 2012
13 85 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
14 49 (0.70%) Big Data
15 44 (0.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 41 (0.59%) RavenDB
17 40 (0.57%) Oracle Database 10g
17 40 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
18 38 (0.54%) Oracle Reports
19 33 (0.47%) DB2
Development Applications
1 754 (10.79%) Git (software)
2 620 (8.87%) Subversion
3 415 (5.94%) Visual Studio
4 221 (3.16%) Maven
5 217 (3.11%) Jenkins
6 199 (2.85%) Team Foundation Server
7 173 (2.48%) JUnit
8 169 (2.42%) Eclipse
9 134 (1.92%) Cucumber
10 133 (1.90%) Axure RP
11 130 (1.86%) Ant
12 128 (1.83%) Jasmine
13 126 (1.80%) JIRA
14 123 (1.76%) NUnit
15 114 (1.63%) Grunt
16 105 (1.50%) TeamCity
17 104 (1.49%) Selenium
18 93 (1.33%) Dreamweaver
19 90 (1.29%) Hudson
20 82 (1.17%) Mercurial
General
1 613 (8.77%) Finance
2 339 (4.85%) Retail
3 283 (4.05%) Marketing
4 185 (2.65%) Banking
5 142 (2.03%) Publishing
6 134 (1.92%) Telecoms
7 129 (1.85%) Games
8 110 (1.57%) Advertising
9 72 (1.03%) Legal
10 63 (0.90%) Investment Banking
11 53 (0.76%) Manufacturing
12 36 (0.52%) Back Office
13 35 (0.50%) Financial Institution
14 32 (0.46%) Automotive
15 31 (0.44%) Front Office
16 27 (0.39%) Electronics
17 16 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
18 15 (0.21%) Multimedia
19 11 (0.16%) Law
20 7 (0.10%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 5786 (82.82%) Developer
2 1276 (18.27%) Front-End Developer
3 1093 (15.65%) Web Developer
4 862 (12.34%) .NET Developer
5 557 (7.97%) PHP Developer
6 478 (6.84%) Designer
7 470 (6.73%) Java Developer
8 464 (6.64%) JavaScript Developer
9 414 (5.93%) Senior Developer
10 399 (5.71%) C# Developer
11 332 (4.75%) ASP.NET Developer
12 305 (4.37%) UI Developer
13 286 (4.09%) UI Programmer
14 271 (3.88%) C# .NET Developer
15 240 (3.44%) Front-End Web Developer
16 180 (2.58%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 162 (2.32%) Architect
18 152 (2.18%) Drupal Developer
19 145 (2.08%) User Experience Designer
20 134 (1.92%) SharePoint Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6467 (92.57%) HTML
2 3234 (46.29%) jQuery
3 2950 (42.23%) HTML5
4 2372 (33.95%) CSS3
5 1955 (27.98%) .NET
6 1377 (19.71%) XML
7 1322 (18.92%) ASP.NET
8 1313 (18.79%) Ajax
9 896 (12.83%) Web Services
10 654 (9.36%) JSON
11 639 (9.15%) XHTML
12 633 (9.06%) ASP.NET MVC
13 625 (8.95%) AngularJS
14 611 (8.75%) Backbone.js
15 481 (6.89%) Spring
16 460 (6.58%) .NET Framework
17 421 (6.03%) Sass
18 362 (5.18%) REST
19 361 (5.17%) XSLT
20 360 (5.15%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 337 (4.82%) Mobile App
2 264 (3.78%) Open Source
3 244 (3.49%) W3C
4 234 (3.35%) Computer Science
5 137 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
6 122 (1.75%) Digital Media
7 109 (1.56%) Social Media
8 97 (1.39%) Graphic Design
9 66 (0.94%) iPad
10 60 (0.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 58 (0.83%) Management Information System
12 56 (0.80%) iPhone
13 54 (0.77%) Visualisation
14 50 (0.72%) Web 2.0
15 49 (0.70%) NHS
16 47 (0.67%) RIA
17 38 (0.54%) N-Tier
18 34 (0.49%) CMDB
18 34 (0.49%) Blackberry
18 34 (0.49%) E-Learning
Operating Systems
1 559 (8.00%) Linux
2 377 (5.40%) Windows
3 323 (4.62%) UNIX
4 308 (4.41%) Apple iOS
5 283 (4.05%) Android
6 67 (0.96%) Windows Server 2008
7 43 (0.62%) Mac OS X
7 43 (0.62%) Windows Server 2003
8 28 (0.40%) Solaris
8 28 (0.40%) Windows 7
9 26 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 26 (0.37%) Windows Phone
10 24 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 18 (0.26%) CentOS
12 15 (0.21%) Windows XP
13 14 (0.20%) Windows Mobile
13 14 (0.20%) Windows 8
14 13 (0.19%) AIX
15 10 (0.14%) Windows Phone 8
16 7 (0.10%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1582 (22.65%) MVC
2 1348 (19.30%) Agile Software Development
3 1143 (16.36%) TDD
4 1100 (15.75%) OO
5 908 (13.00%) Web Development
6 887 (12.70%) Scrum
7 777 (11.12%) Responsive Web Design
8 736 (10.54%) E-Commerce
9 441 (6.31%) Web Design
10 438 (6.27%) BDD
11 434 (6.21%) Continuous Integration
12 397 (5.68%) OOP
13 383 (5.48%) Unit Testing
14 303 (4.34%) Content Management
15 265 (3.79%) Software Engineering
16 263 (3.76%) SEO
17 211 (3.02%) SOA
18 177 (2.53%) Analytics
19 176 (2.52%) Kanban
20 160 (2.29%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 5505 (78.80%) JavaScript
2 1658 (23.73%) C#
3 1348 (19.30%) PHP
4 1280 (18.32%) Java
5 1188 (17.01%) SQL
6 301 (4.31%) Ruby
7 267 (3.82%) Python
8 235 (3.36%) T-SQL
9 184 (2.63%) PHP5
10 157 (2.25%) PL/SQL
11 154 (2.20%) VB.NET
12 101 (1.45%) Scala
13 91 (1.30%) PowerShell
14 90 (1.29%) VB
15 89 (1.27%) Perl
15 89 (1.27%) C
16 86 (1.23%) ActionScript
17 85 (1.22%) C++
18 75 (1.07%) XPath
19 68 (0.97%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 422 (6.04%) Degree
2 157 (2.25%) Security Cleared
3 110 (1.57%) SC Cleared
4 36 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
5 23 (0.33%) CCNP
6 15 (0.21%) DV Cleared
7 13 (0.19%) ISEB
8 11 (0.16%) MCSD
9 10 (0.14%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
10 8 (0.11%) MCP
11 6 (0.086%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.057%) MCTS
12 4 (0.057%) MCPD
12 4 (0.057%) MCSE
12 4 (0.057%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 3 (0.043%) Sun Certification
13 3 (0.043%) MCAD
13 3 (0.043%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (2.61%) QA
2 37 (0.53%) WCAG
3 33 (0.47%) WAI
4 25 (0.36%) ISO 9001
5 19 (0.27%) SLA
6 13 (0.19%) Section 508
7 8 (0.11%) HL7
8 7 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.072%) ISO 14001
10 3 (0.043%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.014%) EMIR
11 1 (0.014%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.014%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.014%) TickIT
System Software
1 37 (0.53%) Active Directory
2 24 (0.34%) Varnish
3 9 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.11%) Squid
5 7 (0.10%) VirtualBox
6 5 (0.072%) VMware ESX
7 3 (0.043%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 3 (0.043%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 3 (0.043%) NFS
8 2 (0.029%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.014%) Tivoli Directory Server
9 1 (0.014%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 49 (0.70%) Puppet
2 18 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
3 16 (0.23%) Nagios
4 15 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (0.13%) HP UCMDB
6 7 (0.10%) Capistrano
6 7 (0.10%) CiscoWorks
7 6 (0.086%) Vagrant
7 6 (0.086%) Ansible
8 5 (0.072%) Tivoli
8 5 (0.072%) Control-M
9 4 (0.057%) CA Wily
9 4 (0.057%) OpenSSO
10 3 (0.043%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.043%) NetBackup
10 3 (0.043%) BMC PATROL
10 3 (0.043%) SCCM
10 3 (0.043%) SCOM
11 2 (0.029%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 2 (0.029%) OpenIDM
Vendors
1 575 (8.23%) Microsoft
2 485 (6.94%) Oracle
3 437 (6.26%) Adobe
4 298 (4.27%) Zend
5 152 (2.18%) Google
6 147 (2.10%) Twitter
7 100 (1.43%) Sitecore
8 95 (1.36%) JBoss
9 73 (1.04%) Facebook
10 56 (0.80%) SAP
11 50 (0.72%) ServiceNow
12 49 (0.70%) ATG
13 48 (0.69%) Sencha
13 48 (0.69%) Apple
14 43 (0.62%) hybris
15 41 (0.59%) Red Hat
16 38 (0.54%) IBM
16 38 (0.54%) Telerik
17 36 (0.52%) HP
18 35 (0.50%) EPiServer
Berkshire
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Rate: £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Rate: £300
Posted: 15 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Yoh
Posted: Yesterday
Twickenham, Middlesex
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Chester, Cheshire
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £500 per day excellent rates or salaries
Posted: Yesterday
South Croydon, Surrey
Parker White Consulting Ltd
Rate: From £200 to £220 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £250 - £310 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Egham, Surrey
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Up to £400 per day Initially for 3 Months
Posted: 2 days ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £500 per day excellent rates or salaries
Posted: 2 days ago
West Midlands
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis IT
Rate: £220.00 - £250.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Rullion IT Plus
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cheshire
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day excellent day rates
Posted: 2 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £300-£340
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Expand Research LLP
Rate: From £40,000 to £45,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 2 days ago
Chester, Cheshire
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £475 per day excellent salary or rate
Posted: 2 days ago