The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 4 August 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
4 Aug 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 19 19
Rank change year-on-year
+1 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 3852 3702 3363
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.46% 7.50% 7.21%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.75% 26.76% 24.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 2744 2501 2210
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£363 £350 £330
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.57% +6.06%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £240 £213
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £500 £463
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £320 £300
% change year-on-year
+1.56% +6.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 64 48 47
Average hourly rate £33.37 £34.50 £34.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-3.27% +1.47%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.75 £17.50 £15.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £44.25 £47.75 £44.90
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+1.44% +4.54%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14400 13832 13524
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.88% 28.02% 29.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 9882 9000 8757
Average daily rate £400 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £265 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 226 200 261
Average hourly rate £39.00 £34.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+14.70% -2.85%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £17.50 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.50 £34.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+16.17% -2.85%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 4 August 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 4 August 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 4 August 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1912 £400 - 719
South East +2 666 £325 +0.77% 361
Yorkshire +4 238 £325 +15.04% 186
South West +1 237 £347 +6.69% 156
North West -10 222 £340 +4.61% 287
East of England -6 190 £325 - 124
West Midlands -1 160 £305 +1.66% 143
East Midlands +4 126 £300 +9.09% 122
North East +3 81 £350 +7.69% 36
Midlands +2 6 £320 -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 4 August 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6975 (94.55%) HTML
2 5950 (80.66%) JavaScript
3 3287 (44.56%) HTML5
4 2817 (38.19%) jQuery
5 2797 (37.92%) Agile Software Development
6 2587 (35.07%) CSS3
7 1900 (25.76%) .NET
8 1735 (23.52%) AngularJS
9 1732 (23.48%) MVC
10 1618 (21.93%) C#
11 1502 (20.36%) TDD
12 1490 (20.20%) Java
13 1338 (18.14%) ASP.NET
14 1227 (16.63%) SQL
15 1140 (15.45%) SQL Server
16 1123 (15.22%) OO
17 1082 (14.67%) PHP
18 1040 (14.10%) Scrum
19 1030 (13.96%) Git (software)
20 1028 (13.94%) User Experience
21 947 (12.84%) Web Services
22 912 (12.36%) Ajax
23 892 (12.09%) Web Development
24 878 (11.90%) XML
25 864 (11.71%) MySQL
26 852 (11.55%) Responsive Web Design
27 808 (10.95%) E-Commerce
28 737 (9.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 731 (9.91%) Sass
30 687 (9.31%) Node.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 4 August 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 687 (9.31%) Node.js
2 656 (8.89%) CMS
3 290 (3.93%) SharePoint
4 246 (3.33%) Apache
5 231 (3.13%) Drupal
6 209 (2.83%) WordPress
7 196 (2.66%) Tomcat
8 192 (2.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 167 (2.26%) SharePoint 2013
10 162 (2.20%) IIS
11 153 (2.07%) Umbraco
12 133 (1.80%) WebSphere
13 117 (1.59%) JBoss
14 101 (1.37%) WebLogic
15 97 (1.31%) Confluence
16 88 (1.19%) Sitecore CMS
17 84 (1.14%) SharePoint 2010
18 51 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
19 44 (0.60%) ColdFusion
20 43 (0.58%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 483 (6.55%) Photoshop
2 217 (2.94%) Adobe Illustrator
3 171 (2.32%) MS Excel
4 94 (1.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 67 (0.91%) MS Office
6 54 (0.73%) Fireworks
7 38 (0.52%) MS Visio
8 32 (0.43%) InfoPath
9 28 (0.38%) OmniGraffle
10 26 (0.35%) InDesign
11 25 (0.34%) MS PowerPoint
12 22 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
13 17 (0.23%) Acrobat
14 15 (0.20%) MS Project
15 9 (0.12%) PowerPivot
16 8 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
17 6 (0.081%) GIMP
18 2 (0.027%) ImageReady
18 2 (0.027%) Edge Animate
19 1 (0.014%) Weka
Business Applications
1 145 (1.97%) Magento
2 52 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
3 18 (0.24%) Tridion
4 17 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 16 (0.22%) WebTrends
6 14 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 11 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
8 9 (0.12%) Summit
9 6 (0.081%) BASE24
9 6 (0.081%) Adobe Campaign
10 5 (0.068%) Dynamics NAV
11 3 (0.041%) Fredhopper
11 3 (0.041%) BigMachines
12 2 (0.027%) Cordys
12 2 (0.027%) Maximo
13 1 (0.014%) Exstream
13 1 (0.014%) Visualfiles
13 1 (0.014%) Markit EDM
13 1 (0.014%) AWD
13 1 (0.014%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 132 (1.79%) Amazon AWS
2 126 (1.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 100 (1.36%) GitHub
4 94 (1.27%) Google Analytics
5 82 (1.11%) SaaS
6 52 (0.70%) Office 365
7 43 (0.58%) Adobe Analytics
8 33 (0.45%) Amazon EC2
9 31 (0.42%) Heroku
10 18 (0.24%) Amazon S3
11 13 (0.18%) Google Cloud Platform
12 11 (0.15%) Google App Engine
13 9 (0.12%) PaaS
14 8 (0.11%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (0.11%) Force.com
14 8 (0.11%) OpenShift
15 5 (0.068%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 5 (0.068%) Google Checkout
16 3 (0.041%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 3 (0.041%) CallidusCloud
Communications & Networking
1 289 (3.92%) HTTP
2 213 (2.89%) Internet
3 126 (1.71%) Intranet
4 54 (0.73%) Firewall
5 47 (0.64%) SSL
6 42 (0.57%) TCP/IP
7 37 (0.50%) DNS
8 36 (0.49%) LDAP
9 34 (0.46%) WAN
10 28 (0.38%) Cisco Nexus
11 25 (0.34%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 25 (0.34%) VPN
12 24 (0.33%) BIG-IP
13 23 (0.31%) Cisco ASA
13 23 (0.31%) MPLS
14 19 (0.26%) Extranet
14 19 (0.26%) LAN
15 18 (0.24%) VoIP
15 18 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 18 (0.24%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1140 (15.45%) SQL Server
2 864 (11.71%) MySQL
3 314 (4.26%) MongoDB
4 308 (4.18%) Relational Database
5 197 (2.67%) SQL Server 2008
6 142 (1.92%) NoSQL
7 127 (1.72%) SQL Server 2012
8 120 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
9 93 (1.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 78 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 73 (0.99%) RDBMS
12 70 (0.95%) Oracle Database
13 65 (0.88%) Redis
14 59 (0.80%) Apache Cassandra
15 56 (0.76%) SQL Server 2005
16 45 (0.61%) Big Data
17 42 (0.57%) DB2
18 36 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
19 32 (0.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 29 (0.39%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1030 (13.96%) Git (software)
2 507 (6.87%) Subversion
3 444 (6.02%) Grunt
4 387 (5.25%) Visual Studio
5 243 (3.29%) Jasmine
6 239 (3.24%) Team Foundation Server
7 210 (2.85%) Selenium
8 209 (2.83%) JIRA
9 202 (2.74%) Jenkins
10 162 (2.20%) Maven
11 155 (2.10%) Eclipse
12 152 (2.06%) Bower
13 147 (1.99%) Cucumber
14 145 (1.97%) gulp
15 131 (1.78%) NUnit
16 128 (1.74%) JUnit
17 116 (1.57%) Axure RP
18 106 (1.44%) Ant
19 90 (1.22%) TeamCity
20 88 (1.19%) Mocha
General
1 638 (8.65%) Finance
2 398 (5.40%) Marketing
3 259 (3.51%) Retail
4 227 (3.08%) Banking
5 128 (1.74%) Publishing
6 123 (1.67%) Telecoms
7 105 (1.42%) Games
8 87 (1.18%) Investment Banking
9 82 (1.11%) Advertising
10 52 (0.70%) Legal
11 41 (0.56%) Manufacturing
12 31 (0.42%) Multimedia
13 30 (0.41%) Automotive
14 28 (0.38%) Electronics
15 22 (0.30%) Law
16 20 (0.27%) Financial Institution
17 19 (0.26%) Front Office
18 15 (0.20%) Back Office
19 13 (0.18%) Retail Banking
20 12 (0.16%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 5982 (81.09%) Developer
2 1361 (18.45%) Front-End Developer
3 893 (12.11%) Web Developer
4 851 (11.54%) .NET Developer
5 593 (8.04%) JavaScript Developer
6 500 (6.78%) Java Developer
7 497 (6.74%) Senior Developer
8 490 (6.64%) Designer
9 430 (5.83%) C# Developer
10 390 (5.29%) PHP Developer
11 345 (4.68%) UI Developer
12 335 (4.54%) C# .NET Developer
13 327 (4.43%) UI Programmer
14 249 (3.38%) ASP.NET Developer
15 197 (2.67%) Front-End Web Developer
16 196 (2.66%) UX Designer
17 187 (2.53%) Architect
18 169 (2.29%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 151 (2.05%) SharePoint Developer
20 149 (2.02%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6975 (94.55%) HTML
2 3287 (44.56%) HTML5
3 2817 (38.19%) jQuery
4 2587 (35.07%) CSS3
5 1900 (25.76%) .NET
6 1735 (23.52%) AngularJS
7 1338 (18.14%) ASP.NET
8 947 (12.84%) Web Services
9 912 (12.36%) Ajax
10 878 (11.90%) XML
11 737 (9.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 731 (9.91%) Sass
13 676 (9.16%) ASP.NET MVC
14 638 (8.65%) JSON
15 634 (8.59%) Backbone.js
16 502 (6.80%) REST
17 455 (6.17%) XHTML
18 439 (5.95%) RESTful
19 432 (5.86%) .NET Framework
20 410 (5.56%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 1028 (13.94%) User Experience
2 379 (5.14%) Mobile App
3 233 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
4 215 (2.91%) W3C
5 144 (1.95%) Visualisation
6 126 (1.71%) Computer Science
7 110 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
8 104 (1.41%) Graphic Design
9 89 (1.21%) Digital Media
10 86 (1.17%) Social Media
11 63 (0.85%) Management Information System
12 57 (0.77%) Inversion of Control
13 54 (0.73%) N-Tier
14 49 (0.66%) Data Structures
15 48 (0.65%) RIA
16 46 (0.62%) iPad
17 39 (0.53%) CMDB
17 39 (0.53%) Client/Server
18 38 (0.52%) E-Learning
19 36 (0.49%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 534 (7.24%) Linux
2 347 (4.70%) Windows
3 260 (3.52%) UNIX
4 243 (3.29%) Android
5 208 (2.82%) Apple iOS
6 94 (1.27%) Mac OS X
7 40 (0.54%) Solaris
8 35 (0.47%) CentOS
9 34 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (0.34%) Ubuntu
11 24 (0.33%) Windows Phone
12 22 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
13 17 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
14 11 (0.15%) Windows Mobile
14 11 (0.15%) AIX
15 8 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
15 8 (0.11%) SUSE
16 7 (0.095%) Windows 7
17 4 (0.054%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.054%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 2797 (37.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1732 (23.48%) MVC
3 1502 (20.36%) TDD
4 1123 (15.22%) OO
5 1040 (14.10%) Scrum
6 892 (12.09%) Web Development
7 852 (11.55%) Responsive Web Design
8 808 (10.95%) E-Commerce
9 553 (7.50%) BDD
10 499 (6.76%) Web Design
11 492 (6.67%) Continuous Integration
12 405 (5.49%) Unit Testing
13 323 (4.38%) Software Engineering
14 318 (4.31%) Content Management
15 294 (3.99%) SOA
16 291 (3.94%) OOP
17 247 (3.35%) Open Source
18 246 (3.33%) SDLC
19 223 (3.02%) Analytics
20 203 (2.75%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 5950 (80.66%) JavaScript
2 1618 (21.93%) C#
3 1490 (20.20%) Java
4 1227 (16.63%) SQL
5 1082 (14.67%) PHP
6 373 (5.06%) Ruby
7 256 (3.47%) Python
8 172 (2.33%) T-SQL
9 146 (1.98%) Scala
10 144 (1.95%) VB.NET
11 115 (1.56%) C++
12 95 (1.29%) VB
13 93 (1.26%) Objective-C
14 88 (1.19%) Perl
15 86 (1.17%) PowerShell
16 80 (1.08%) C
17 78 (1.06%) PHP5
18 76 (1.03%) PL/SQL
19 67 (0.91%) TypeScript
20 46 (0.62%) ActionScript
Qualifications
1 364 (4.93%) Degree
2 286 (3.88%) Security Cleared
3 160 (2.17%) SC Cleared
4 46 (0.62%) DV Cleared
5 39 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
6 29 (0.39%) CCNP
7 23 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 21 (0.28%) ISEB
9 18 (0.24%) CCNA
10 17 (0.23%) ISTQB
11 16 (0.22%) Sun Certification
12 7 (0.095%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.095%) HND
13 6 (0.081%) MCP
13 6 (0.081%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.054%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.054%) BC Cleared
14 4 (0.054%) CTC Cleared
15 3 (0.041%) PMP
15 3 (0.041%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 207 (2.81%) QA
2 20 (0.27%) WCAG
3 18 (0.24%) SLA
4 13 (0.18%) WAI
5 8 (0.11%) ISO 14001
5 8 (0.11%) ISO 9001
6 5 (0.068%) HL7
7 3 (0.041%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.041%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 3 (0.041%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.027%) COBIT
8 2 (0.027%) TickIT
8 2 (0.027%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 50 (0.68%) Active Directory
2 41 (0.56%) Varnish
3 33 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.39%) Docker
5 8 (0.11%) Squid
5 8 (0.11%) vCloud
6 4 (0.054%) ISA Server
7 3 (0.041%) VMware ESX
7 3 (0.041%) Snort
7 3 (0.041%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.027%) HDFS
8 2 (0.027%) vSphere
8 2 (0.027%) VMware Workstation
8 2 (0.027%) Firmware
8 2 (0.027%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.014%) qmail
9 1 (0.014%) Postfix
9 1 (0.014%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.014%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 87 (1.18%) Puppet
2 50 (0.68%) Vagrant
3 30 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
4 29 (0.39%) Ansible
5 23 (0.31%) Salt
6 20 (0.27%) logstash
7 19 (0.26%) Graylog
8 17 (0.23%) Kibana
9 14 (0.19%) Rundeck
10 12 (0.16%) Capistrano
10 12 (0.16%) CiscoWorks
11 9 (0.12%) ZABBIX
11 9 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
11 9 (0.12%) HP UCMDB
12 8 (0.11%) HAProxy
13 7 (0.095%) Plesk
14 6 (0.081%) OPNET
14 6 (0.081%) CA Spectrum
15 4 (0.054%) Pingdom
15 4 (0.054%) Cisco Prime
Vendors
1 512 (6.94%) Microsoft
2 478 (6.48%) Adobe
3 365 (4.95%) Oracle
4 208 (2.82%) Google
5 150 (2.03%) Zend
6 125 (1.69%) Sitecore
7 101 (1.37%) IBM
8 87 (1.18%) Twitter
9 66 (0.89%) EPiServer
10 57 (0.77%) ServiceNow
10 57 (0.77%) HP
10 57 (0.77%) BMC
11 55 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
12 54 (0.73%) Cisco
13 51 (0.69%) hybris
14 50 (0.68%) VMware
15 43 (0.58%) Red Hat
15 43 (0.58%) New Relic
16 40 (0.54%) Apple
17 39 (0.53%) CA
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £300.00 - £360.00 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Posted: 2 hours ago
Cornwall
itecopeople
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
G2 Recruitment Solutions Ltd.
Rate: £65000
Posted: 14 hours ago
Buckinghamshire
Arrows Group
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £375 to £400 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
West Yorkshire
Initi8 Recruitment
Rate: £350 - £400 Per Day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Salt
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
East Riding
Venn Group
Rate: £5000 - £6000 Per Annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Mason Frank International
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Aquent
Rate: Up to £550 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 Per Day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
4it Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Up to £300 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
i-KMP Ltd
Posted: 19 hours ago