The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 22 December 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
22 Dec 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 20 20
Rank change year-on-year
+1 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 3666 3418 3073
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.35% 7.25% 6.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.03% 25.97% 23.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 2636 2257 2047
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £325 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £225 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+16.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 75 70
Average hourly rate £33.25 £33.50 £27.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-0.74% +21.81%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.65 £11.80 £13.90
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.75 £46.50 £38.20
UK excluding London average hourly rate £33.25 £33.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year
+0.75% +10.00%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13562 13160 12847
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.20% 27.92% 28.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 9437 8578 8195
Average daily rate £400 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £538
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 275 344
Average hourly rate £35.00 £33.50 £34.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+4.47% -2.89%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.50 £15.40 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £42.50 £42.95
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% -2.94%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 22 December 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 22 December 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 22 December 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 1803 £400 +7.38% 538
South East +2 733 £340 +7.93% 353
North West -2 257 £325 +8.33% 221
South West -8 196 £325 - 151
East of England -10 191 £375 +15.38% 101
Yorkshire 0 179 £373 +30.70% 154
West Midlands -8 118 £325 +18.18% 87
East Midlands +1 116 £325 +13.04% 64
North East +10 57 £361 +11.15% 35
Midlands -1 4 £500 +81.81% 1
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 22 December 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7210 (94.46%) HTML
2 5949 (77.94%) JavaScript
3 3389 (44.40%) HTML5
4 3137 (41.10%) jQuery
5 2784 (36.47%) Agile Software Development
6 2712 (35.53%) CSS3
7 2030 (26.60%) .NET
8 1933 (25.32%) MVC
9 1736 (22.74%) C#
10 1415 (18.54%) Java
11 1411 (18.49%) TDD
12 1409 (18.46%) ASP.NET
13 1369 (17.94%) AngularJS
14 1339 (17.54%) SQL
15 1338 (17.53%) PHP
16 1284 (16.82%) OO
17 1213 (15.89%) XML
18 1197 (15.68%) Ajax
19 1136 (14.88%) SQL Server
20 1115 (14.61%) User Experience
21 1043 (13.66%) Git (software)
22 1023 (13.40%) Web Services
23 1009 (13.22%) Web Development
24 982 (12.87%) MySQL
25 964 (12.63%) Scrum
26 886 (11.61%) Responsive Web Design
27 753 (9.87%) E-Commerce
28 750 (9.83%) CMS
29 736 (9.64%) JSON
30 696 (9.12%) Linux

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 22 December 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 750 (9.83%) CMS
2 648 (8.49%) Node.js
3 437 (5.73%) SharePoint
4 338 (4.43%) Apache
5 272 (3.56%) Drupal
6 259 (3.39%) IIS
7 224 (2.93%) Tomcat
8 215 (2.82%) WordPress
9 211 (2.76%) SharePoint 2013
10 166 (2.17%) SharePoint 2010
11 114 (1.49%) Umbraco
12 102 (1.34%) JBoss
13 101 (1.32%) WebSphere
14 99 (1.30%) Adobe CQ
15 97 (1.27%) Sitecore CMS
16 56 (0.73%) WebLogic
17 50 (0.66%) Confluence
17 50 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
18 48 (0.63%) Apache Solr
19 43 (0.56%) nginx
Applications
1 623 (8.16%) Photoshop
2 340 (4.45%) Adobe Illustrator
3 207 (2.71%) MS Excel
4 114 (1.49%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 79 (1.03%) Fireworks
6 59 (0.77%) MS Office
7 37 (0.48%) InfoPath
8 34 (0.45%) MS PowerPoint
9 33 (0.43%) InDesign
10 29 (0.38%) OmniGraffle
11 22 (0.29%) MS Visio
12 17 (0.22%) Adobe After Effects
13 16 (0.21%) Acrobat
14 11 (0.14%) MS Project
15 10 (0.13%) Adobe Captivate
16 9 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
17 6 (0.079%) GIMP
18 4 (0.052%) Adobe Premiere
19 3 (0.039%) AutoCAD
19 3 (0.039%) PaintShop Pro
Business Applications
1 152 (1.99%) Magento
2 86 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 39 (0.51%) Google Analytics
4 22 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 17 (0.22%) Tridion
6 16 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 16 (0.21%) SiteCatalyst
7 14 (0.18%) WebTrends
8 9 (0.12%) Summit
8 9 (0.12%) RMDS
8 9 (0.12%) ION MarketView
9 7 (0.092%) Oracle Payables
9 7 (0.092%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.066%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 4 (0.052%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.052%) osCommerce
12 3 (0.039%) Shopify
12 3 (0.039%) Remedy AR System
12 3 (0.039%) Oracle CRM
13 2 (0.026%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 117 (1.53%) Microsoft Azure
2 70 (0.92%) Amazon AWS
3 60 (0.79%) GitHub
4 54 (0.71%) Office 365
5 49 (0.64%) SaaS
6 45 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
7 38 (0.50%) Amazon S3
8 29 (0.38%) Heroku
9 12 (0.16%) Force.com
10 10 (0.13%) PaaS
10 10 (0.13%) Google Cloud Platform
11 9 (0.12%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.079%) OpenShift
13 5 (0.066%) Amazon SQS
13 5 (0.066%) Google App Engine
14 3 (0.039%) Google Apps
14 3 (0.039%) IaaS
15 1 (0.013%) Amazon ELB
15 1 (0.013%) Responsys
15 1 (0.013%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 196 (2.57%) HTTP
2 189 (2.48%) Internet
3 130 (1.70%) Intranet
4 68 (0.89%) LDAP
5 40 (0.52%) Firewall
6 39 (0.51%) TCP/IP
7 29 (0.38%) SSL
8 27 (0.35%) SSH
9 26 (0.34%) FTP
10 23 (0.30%) VPN
11 21 (0.28%) DNS
11 21 (0.28%) HTTPS
12 20 (0.26%) Cisco Nexus
13 19 (0.25%) BIG-IP
14 17 (0.22%) BGP
15 16 (0.21%) OSPF
15 16 (0.21%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
16 14 (0.18%) SNMP
17 13 (0.17%) Extranet
18 10 (0.13%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1136 (14.88%) SQL Server
2 982 (12.87%) MySQL
3 371 (4.86%) Relational Database
4 321 (4.21%) SQL Server 2008
5 214 (2.80%) MongoDB
6 161 (2.11%) NoSQL
7 146 (1.91%) SQL Server 2012
8 125 (1.64%) Oracle Database
9 117 (1.53%) PostgreSQL
10 99 (1.30%) RDBMS
11 90 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 89 (1.17%) SQL Server 2005
13 86 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 68 (0.89%) Oracle Database 11g
15 48 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
16 46 (0.60%) Apache Cassandra
16 46 (0.60%) MariaDB
17 45 (0.59%) Redis
18 44 (0.58%) Oracle Database 10g
19 39 (0.51%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 1043 (13.66%) Git (software)
2 587 (7.69%) Subversion
3 495 (6.48%) Visual Studio
4 321 (4.21%) Team Foundation Server
5 307 (4.02%) Grunt
6 231 (3.03%) Jasmine
7 217 (2.84%) JIRA
8 215 (2.82%) JUnit
9 207 (2.71%) Selenium
10 194 (2.54%) Jenkins
11 174 (2.28%) Axure RP
12 173 (2.27%) Eclipse
13 171 (2.24%) Maven
14 159 (2.08%) Cucumber
15 131 (1.72%) Dreamweaver
16 129 (1.69%) NUnit
17 112 (1.47%) Ant
18 106 (1.39%) Bower
19 95 (1.24%) WebDriver
20 85 (1.11%) QUnit
General
1 636 (8.33%) Finance
2 378 (4.95%) Marketing
3 263 (3.45%) Banking
4 247 (3.24%) Retail
5 156 (2.04%) Publishing
6 118 (1.55%) Advertising
7 111 (1.45%) Telecoms
8 91 (1.19%) Games
9 84 (1.10%) Investment Banking
10 79 (1.03%) Legal
11 57 (0.75%) Manufacturing
12 35 (0.46%) Electronics
13 32 (0.42%) Financial Institution
14 29 (0.38%) Law
15 24 (0.31%) Front Office
16 23 (0.30%) Automotive
17 22 (0.29%) Multimedia
18 17 (0.22%) Back Office
19 8 (0.10%) Dutch Language
20 7 (0.092%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 6228 (81.59%) Developer
2 1493 (19.56%) Front-End Developer
3 997 (13.06%) Web Developer
4 820 (10.74%) .NET Developer
5 621 (8.14%) Senior Developer
6 561 (7.35%) Designer
7 555 (7.27%) PHP Developer
8 539 (7.06%) Java Developer
9 511 (6.69%) JavaScript Developer
10 440 (5.76%) C# Developer
11 295 (3.86%) C# .NET Developer
12 281 (3.68%) UI Developer
13 273 (3.58%) UI Programmer
14 264 (3.46%) ASP.NET Developer
15 224 (2.93%) UX Designer
16 210 (2.75%) Front-End Web Developer
17 190 (2.49%) SharePoint Developer
18 184 (2.41%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 158 (2.07%) Web Designer
20 155 (2.03%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7210 (94.46%) HTML
2 3389 (44.40%) HTML5
3 3137 (41.10%) jQuery
4 2712 (35.53%) CSS3
5 2030 (26.60%) .NET
6 1409 (18.46%) ASP.NET
7 1369 (17.94%) AngularJS
8 1213 (15.89%) XML
9 1197 (15.68%) Ajax
10 1023 (13.40%) Web Services
11 736 (9.64%) JSON
12 650 (8.52%) Backbone.js
13 629 (8.24%) ASP.NET MVC
14 597 (7.82%) Sass
15 587 (7.69%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 551 (7.22%) REST
17 550 (7.21%) XHTML
18 500 (6.55%) .NET Framework
19 492 (6.45%) Spring
20 438 (5.74%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 1115 (14.61%) User Experience
2 356 (4.66%) Mobile App
3 297 (3.89%) Open Source
4 265 (3.47%) W3C
5 250 (3.28%) Analytical Skills
6 221 (2.90%) Computer Science
7 172 (2.25%) Visualisation
8 140 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
9 104 (1.36%) Digital Media
10 92 (1.21%) Social Media
11 79 (1.03%) Graphic Design
12 61 (0.80%) Inversion of Control
13 56 (0.73%) iPad
13 56 (0.73%) Web 2.0
14 53 (0.69%) Animation
15 52 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 51 (0.67%) N-Tier
17 49 (0.64%) Algorithms
18 48 (0.63%) Management Information System
19 47 (0.62%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 696 (9.12%) Linux
2 398 (5.21%) UNIX
3 341 (4.47%) Windows
4 266 (3.48%) Apple iOS
5 262 (3.43%) Android
6 160 (2.10%) Mac OS X
7 53 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
8 34 (0.45%) Ubuntu
9 32 (0.42%) CentOS
10 27 (0.35%) AIX
10 27 (0.35%) Windows Phone
11 26 (0.34%) Solaris
12 25 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 18 (0.24%) Mac OS
14 15 (0.20%) VMS
15 14 (0.18%) Windows 7
16 12 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
16 12 (0.16%) Debian
17 11 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
18 10 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2784 (36.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1933 (25.32%) MVC
3 1411 (18.49%) TDD
4 1284 (16.82%) OO
5 1009 (13.22%) Web Development
6 964 (12.63%) Scrum
7 886 (11.61%) Responsive Web Design
8 753 (9.87%) E-Commerce
9 564 (7.39%) BDD
10 496 (6.50%) Web Design
11 443 (5.80%) Continuous Integration
12 439 (5.75%) Unit Testing
13 398 (5.21%) OOP
14 284 (3.72%) Content Management
14 284 (3.72%) Software Engineering
15 226 (2.96%) Mentoring
16 221 (2.90%) SOA
17 192 (2.52%) CRM
17 192 (2.52%) Workflow
18 181 (2.37%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 5949 (77.94%) JavaScript
2 1736 (22.74%) C#
3 1415 (18.54%) Java
4 1339 (17.54%) SQL
5 1338 (17.53%) PHP
6 404 (5.29%) Ruby
7 368 (4.82%) Python
8 243 (3.18%) T-SQL
9 172 (2.25%) PHP5
10 167 (2.19%) PL/SQL
11 153 (2.00%) Scala
12 145 (1.90%) VB.NET
13 121 (1.59%) Perl
14 95 (1.24%) C
15 86 (1.13%) C++
16 76 (1.00%) Bash Shell
17 68 (0.89%) VB
18 61 (0.80%) VBScript
18 61 (0.80%) Objective-C
18 61 (0.80%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 421 (5.52%) Degree
2 225 (2.95%) Security Cleared
3 123 (1.61%) SC Cleared
4 27 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
4 27 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (0.30%) ISEB
6 16 (0.21%) CCNA
7 11 (0.14%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.12%) Sun Certification
8 9 (0.12%) ISTQB
9 8 (0.10%) MCTS
9 8 (0.10%) CCNP
10 7 (0.092%) BC Cleared
11 6 (0.079%) MCP
11 6 (0.079%) HND
11 6 (0.079%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.066%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.052%) CCSP
14 3 (0.039%) CCIE
14 3 (0.039%) CCDA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 201 (2.63%) QA
2 34 (0.45%) WCAG
3 26 (0.34%) ISO 9001
4 22 (0.29%) WAI
5 15 (0.20%) SLA
6 12 (0.16%) HL7
7 9 (0.12%) COBIT
8 8 (0.10%) ISO 14001
9 2 (0.026%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.026%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.026%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 1 (0.013%) Section 508
10 1 (0.013%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.013%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 32 (0.42%) Active Directory
2 30 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (0.30%) Docker
4 16 (0.21%) Varnish
5 13 (0.17%) VirtualBox
5 13 (0.17%) Shibboleth
6 10 (0.13%) VMware ESX
7 7 (0.092%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 5 (0.066%) NFS
9 4 (0.052%) ProxySG
9 4 (0.052%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.039%) vCloud
11 2 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.026%) DFS Replication
11 2 (0.026%) IAG
12 1 (0.013%) Postfix
12 1 (0.013%) XenApp
12 1 (0.013%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.013%) Squid
12 1 (0.013%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 63 (0.83%) Puppet
2 35 (0.46%) Vagrant
3 21 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
4 20 (0.26%) Ansible
5 12 (0.16%) Graylog2
5 12 (0.16%) OPNET
6 11 (0.14%) OpenSSO
7 10 (0.13%) HP UCMDB
8 8 (0.10%) Capistrano
8 8 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.066%) cPanel
10 3 (0.039%) logstash
10 3 (0.039%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 2 (0.026%) Cacti
11 2 (0.026%) Zenoss
11 2 (0.026%) NetBackup
11 2 (0.026%) Nagios
11 2 (0.026%) Graphite
11 2 (0.026%) OpenIDM
11 2 (0.026%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 653 (8.55%) Microsoft
2 446 (5.84%) Oracle
3 412 (5.40%) Adobe
4 228 (2.99%) Zend
5 180 (2.36%) Google
6 122 (1.60%) Sitecore
7 114 (1.49%) Twitter
8 76 (1.00%) IBM
9 65 (0.85%) Facebook
10 60 (0.79%) EPiServer
11 55 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
12 54 (0.71%) hybris
13 49 (0.64%) SAP
14 42 (0.55%) VMware
15 40 (0.52%) Cisco
16 39 (0.51%) Telerik
17 38 (0.50%) Sencha
18 36 (0.47%) Ektron
18 36 (0.47%) Red Hat
19 35 (0.46%) ServiceNow
London
JNC Recruitment
Rate: From £350 to £500 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
RBW Consulting
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
RBW Consulting
Rate: From £350 to £425 per annum
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Purple Consultancy
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Talent International
Rate: £300 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Central London / West End
Coal IT Services
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
LA International
Rate: £400 - £425 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
Central London / West End
Coal IT Services
Rate: From £500 to £600 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Gold Group
Rate: £280 - £300 per day + Market rates depending
Posted: 5 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Gold Group
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Maidstone, Kent
Kent & Essex Police
Rate: £30,427 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
Chelmsford, Essex
Kent & Essex Police
Rate: £34,444 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Rate: Up to £510 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Roc Search
Rate: £300 - £310 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Eligo Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £300 - £500 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £250 Per Day
Posted: 23 hours ago
Central London / West End
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: 2 days ago
South West London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago