The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 3 July 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
3 Jul 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 20 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
-1 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3651 3532 3142
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.20% 7.38% 7.04%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.94% 26.18% 24.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 2568 2474 2022
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £350 £330
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +6.06%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £245 £215
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £500 £460
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
- +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 58 40 67
Average hourly rate £32.54 £33.50 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-2.86% -4.28%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.09 £17.35 £14.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £44.55 £47.75 £43.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.00 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+15.62% -8.57%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14076 13491 12666
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 27.78% 28.17% 28.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 9611 8873 8150
Average daily rate £388 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £285 £268 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 209 195 315
Average hourly rate £38.00 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+8.57% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.80 £17.50 £22.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £50.00 £48.84
UK excluding London average hourly rate £40.00 £33.55 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+19.22% -4.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 3 July 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 3 July 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 3 July 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1817 £378 -5.62% 786
South East +4 602 £325 - 377
South West +7 229 £350 +7.69% 181
Yorkshire +2 229 £325 +8.33% 190
North West -10 194 £340 +4.61% 312
East of England -5 191 £338 +4.00% 152
West Midlands +1 173 £289 -7.60% 146
East Midlands +5 132 £285 +3.63% 121
North East +2 54 £325 +8.33% 40
Midlands +1 6 £320 - 1
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 3 July 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 6774 (94.35%) HTML
2 5863 (81.66%) JavaScript
3 3184 (44.35%) HTML5
4 2807 (39.09%) jQuery
5 2680 (37.33%) Agile Software Development
6 2529 (35.22%) CSS3
7 1869 (26.03%) .NET
8 1735 (24.16%) MVC
9 1630 (22.70%) C#
10 1620 (22.56%) AngularJS
11 1509 (21.02%) TDD
12 1503 (20.93%) Java
13 1320 (18.38%) ASP.NET
14 1223 (17.03%) SQL
15 1130 (15.74%) SQL Server
16 1127 (15.70%) OO
17 1016 (14.15%) PHP
18 989 (13.77%) Scrum
19 985 (13.72%) User Experience
20 976 (13.59%) Web Services
21 965 (13.44%) Git (software)
22 943 (13.13%) XML
23 888 (12.37%) Ajax
24 869 (12.10%) Web Development
25 839 (11.69%) MySQL
26 815 (11.35%) Responsive Web Design
27 784 (10.92%) E-Commerce
28 700 (9.75%) Sass
29 687 (9.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
30 674 (9.39%) Node.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 3 July 2015, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 674 (9.39%) Node.js
2 636 (8.86%) CMS
3 314 (4.37%) SharePoint
4 230 (3.20%) Apache
5 212 (2.95%) Drupal
6 208 (2.90%) Tomcat
7 187 (2.60%) WordPress
8 176 (2.45%) SharePoint 2013
9 165 (2.30%) Umbraco
10 157 (2.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 154 (2.14%) IIS
12 129 (1.80%) WebSphere
13 127 (1.77%) JBoss
14 110 (1.53%) WebLogic
15 102 (1.42%) Sitecore CMS
16 83 (1.16%) SharePoint 2010
17 78 (1.09%) Confluence
18 46 (0.64%) Apache Solr
19 41 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
20 39 (0.54%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 491 (6.84%) Photoshop
2 214 (2.98%) Adobe Illustrator
3 165 (2.30%) MS Excel
4 95 (1.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 59 (0.82%) Fireworks
6 51 (0.71%) MS Office
7 34 (0.47%) MS Visio
8 31 (0.43%) InDesign
8 31 (0.43%) InfoPath
9 28 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
10 22 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
11 20 (0.28%) OmniGraffle
12 18 (0.25%) Acrobat
13 12 (0.17%) PowerPivot
14 10 (0.14%) MS Project
15 8 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
15 8 (0.11%) GIMP
16 7 (0.097%) ImageReady
17 2 (0.028%) Edge Animate
18 1 (0.014%) Weka
Business Applications
1 134 (1.87%) Magento
2 57 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.33%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 22 (0.31%) Tridion
5 17 (0.24%) WebTrends
6 14 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.13%) Summit
8 7 (0.097%) Dynamics NAV
8 7 (0.097%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.084%) BASE24
9 6 (0.084%) Adobe Campaign
10 3 (0.042%) Fredhopper
11 2 (0.028%) Maximo
11 2 (0.028%) BigMachines
12 1 (0.014%) Radian6
12 1 (0.014%) CODA-Financials
12 1 (0.014%) Exstream
12 1 (0.014%) Markit EDM
12 1 (0.014%) AWD
12 1 (0.014%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 143 (1.99%) Microsoft Azure
2 142 (1.98%) Amazon AWS
3 96 (1.34%) GitHub
4 73 (1.02%) SaaS
5 65 (0.91%) Office 365
6 57 (0.79%) Google Analytics
7 43 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
8 37 (0.52%) Heroku
9 27 (0.38%) Adobe Analytics
10 19 (0.26%) Amazon S3
11 12 (0.17%) Force.com
12 11 (0.15%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.15%) Google Cloud Platform
13 9 (0.13%) Google App Engine
14 6 (0.084%) OpenShift
14 6 (0.084%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 5 (0.070%) Google Checkout
15 5 (0.070%) PaaS
16 4 (0.056%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 3 (0.042%) CallidusCloud
Communications & Networking
1 296 (4.12%) HTTP
2 212 (2.95%) Internet
3 127 (1.77%) Intranet
4 43 (0.60%) Firewall
5 38 (0.53%) LDAP
6 37 (0.52%) TCP/IP
6 37 (0.52%) SSL
7 27 (0.38%) VPN
8 24 (0.33%) Cisco Nexus
9 23 (0.32%) DNS
10 22 (0.31%) WAN
10 22 (0.31%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 21 (0.29%) BIG-IP
12 18 (0.25%) Cisco ASA
13 17 (0.24%) Network Security
14 16 (0.22%) MPLS
15 15 (0.21%) Extranet
15 15 (0.21%) HTTPS
15 15 (0.21%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
16 14 (0.19%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1130 (15.74%) SQL Server
2 839 (11.69%) MySQL
3 314 (4.37%) Relational Database
4 301 (4.19%) MongoDB
5 202 (2.81%) SQL Server 2008
6 149 (2.08%) NoSQL
7 122 (1.70%) SQL Server 2012
8 120 (1.67%) PostgreSQL
9 93 (1.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 76 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 76 (1.06%) Oracle Database
11 69 (0.96%) RDBMS
12 63 (0.88%) Redis
13 57 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
14 49 (0.68%) SQL Server 2005
15 48 (0.67%) Big Data
16 42 (0.58%) DB2
17 36 (0.50%) Data Warehouse
18 33 (0.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 25 (0.35%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 965 (13.44%) Git (software)
2 474 (6.60%) Subversion
3 422 (5.88%) Grunt
4 421 (5.86%) Visual Studio
5 251 (3.50%) Team Foundation Server
6 248 (3.45%) Jasmine
7 222 (3.09%) Selenium
8 201 (2.80%) Jenkins
9 188 (2.62%) JIRA
10 173 (2.41%) Maven
11 160 (2.23%) Eclipse
11 160 (2.23%) Cucumber
11 160 (2.23%) Bower
12 159 (2.21%) JUnit
13 143 (1.99%) NUnit
14 133 (1.85%) gulp
15 123 (1.71%) Ant
16 116 (1.62%) Axure RP
17 99 (1.38%) Mocha
18 83 (1.16%) TeamCity
General
1 606 (8.44%) Finance
2 377 (5.25%) Marketing
3 266 (3.70%) Retail
4 229 (3.19%) Banking
5 139 (1.94%) Telecoms
6 119 (1.66%) Publishing
7 108 (1.50%) Games
8 91 (1.27%) Investment Banking
9 82 (1.14%) Advertising
10 49 (0.68%) Legal
11 45 (0.63%) Manufacturing
12 37 (0.52%) Electronics
13 32 (0.45%) Multimedia
14 27 (0.38%) Law
15 24 (0.33%) Automotive
16 23 (0.32%) Financial Institution
17 20 (0.28%) Back Office
18 17 (0.24%) Front Office
19 15 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
20 12 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 5874 (81.81%) Developer
2 1282 (17.86%) Front-End Developer
3 872 (12.14%) Web Developer
4 851 (11.85%) .NET Developer
5 579 (8.06%) JavaScript Developer
6 509 (7.09%) Java Developer
7 499 (6.95%) Senior Developer
8 468 (6.52%) Designer
9 448 (6.24%) C# Developer
10 374 (5.21%) PHP Developer
11 352 (4.90%) C# .NET Developer
12 327 (4.55%) UI Developer
13 307 (4.28%) UI Programmer
14 269 (3.75%) ASP.NET Developer
15 192 (2.67%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 174 (2.42%) SharePoint Developer
17 173 (2.41%) UX Designer
18 172 (2.40%) Architect
19 168 (2.34%) Front-End Web Developer
20 140 (1.95%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6774 (94.35%) HTML
2 3184 (44.35%) HTML5
3 2807 (39.09%) jQuery
4 2529 (35.22%) CSS3
5 1869 (26.03%) .NET
6 1620 (22.56%) AngularJS
7 1320 (18.38%) ASP.NET
8 976 (13.59%) Web Services
9 943 (13.13%) XML
10 888 (12.37%) Ajax
11 700 (9.75%) Sass
12 687 (9.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 659 (9.18%) ASP.NET MVC
14 651 (9.07%) JSON
15 650 (9.05%) Backbone.js
16 497 (6.92%) REST
17 485 (6.75%) .NET Framework
18 449 (6.25%) XHTML
19 435 (6.06%) RESTful
20 420 (5.85%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 985 (13.72%) User Experience
2 343 (4.78%) Mobile App
3 214 (2.98%) W3C
4 209 (2.91%) Analytical Skills
5 155 (2.16%) Visualisation
6 129 (1.80%) Computer Science
7 95 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
8 91 (1.27%) Digital Media
9 90 (1.25%) Graphic Design
10 73 (1.02%) Social Media
11 55 (0.77%) Inversion of Control
12 51 (0.71%) RIA
13 48 (0.67%) Data Structures
14 47 (0.65%) N-Tier
14 47 (0.65%) Management Information System
15 46 (0.64%) iPad
16 41 (0.57%) CMDB
17 40 (0.56%) E-Learning
18 31 (0.43%) Client/Server
19 29 (0.40%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 529 (7.37%) Linux
2 329 (4.58%) Windows
3 272 (3.79%) UNIX
4 242 (3.37%) Android
5 208 (2.90%) Apple iOS
6 116 (1.62%) Mac OS X
7 34 (0.47%) Solaris
8 32 (0.45%) CentOS
9 30 (0.42%) Windows Phone
10 29 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 23 (0.32%) Ubuntu
12 18 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
13 15 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
14 11 (0.15%) AIX
15 10 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
16 8 (0.11%) SUSE
17 7 (0.097%) Mac OS
17 7 (0.097%) Windows 7
18 6 (0.084%) Windows Phone 7
19 5 (0.070%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2680 (37.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1735 (24.16%) MVC
3 1509 (21.02%) TDD
4 1127 (15.70%) OO
5 989 (13.77%) Scrum
6 869 (12.10%) Web Development
7 815 (11.35%) Responsive Web Design
8 784 (10.92%) E-Commerce
9 535 (7.45%) BDD
10 480 (6.69%) Web Design
11 465 (6.48%) Continuous Integration
12 381 (5.31%) Unit Testing
13 332 (4.62%) Software Engineering
14 316 (4.40%) Content Management
15 291 (4.05%) OOP
16 286 (3.98%) SOA
17 255 (3.55%) Open Source
18 222 (3.09%) SDLC
19 192 (2.67%) Analytics
20 183 (2.55%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 5863 (81.66%) JavaScript
2 1630 (22.70%) C#
3 1503 (20.93%) Java
4 1223 (17.03%) SQL
5 1016 (14.15%) PHP
6 408 (5.68%) Ruby
7 267 (3.72%) Python
8 155 (2.16%) T-SQL
9 137 (1.91%) Scala
10 131 (1.82%) VB.NET
11 114 (1.59%) C++
12 88 (1.23%) Perl
12 88 (1.23%) PHP5
13 84 (1.17%) PL/SQL
14 82 (1.14%) VB
15 80 (1.11%) Objective-C
16 79 (1.10%) C
17 70 (0.97%) PowerShell
18 54 (0.75%) TypeScript
19 48 (0.67%) XPath
Qualifications
1 373 (5.19%) Degree
2 251 (3.50%) Security Cleared
3 144 (2.01%) SC Cleared
4 46 (0.64%) DV Cleared
5 33 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
6 29 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 21 (0.29%) CCNP
8 19 (0.26%) Sun Certification
9 14 (0.19%) ISEB
9 14 (0.19%) ISTQB
10 12 (0.17%) CCNA
11 8 (0.11%) MCP
12 7 (0.097%) HND
12 7 (0.097%) ITIL Certification
13 5 (0.070%) CTC Cleared
13 5 (0.070%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.056%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 4 (0.056%) MCSD
14 4 (0.056%) OCPJP
15 3 (0.042%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 188 (2.62%) QA
2 16 (0.22%) WCAG
3 14 (0.19%) WAI
3 14 (0.19%) SLA
4 9 (0.13%) ISO 9001
5 8 (0.11%) ISO 14001
6 6 (0.084%) HL7
7 3 (0.042%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.042%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.028%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.028%) TickIT
9 1 (0.014%) GxP
9 1 (0.014%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 38 (0.53%) Active Directory
2 35 (0.49%) Varnish
3 31 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.24%) Docker
5 8 (0.11%) vCloud
6 5 (0.070%) Squid
6 5 (0.070%) Firmware
7 4 (0.056%) ISA Server
8 3 (0.042%) VMware ESX
8 3 (0.042%) Snort
8 3 (0.042%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.028%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.014%) HDFS
10 1 (0.014%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.014%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.014%) XenApp
10 1 (0.014%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 93 (1.30%) Puppet
2 42 (0.58%) Vagrant
3 31 (0.43%) Ansible
4 27 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
5 23 (0.32%) Graylog
6 20 (0.28%) Salt
7 17 (0.24%) Kibana
8 14 (0.19%) Rundeck
9 11 (0.15%) Capistrano
9 11 (0.15%) HP UCMDB
9 11 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
10 10 (0.14%) CiscoWorks
10 10 (0.14%) logstash
11 7 (0.097%) ZABBIX
11 7 (0.097%) Plesk
12 6 (0.084%) OPNET
13 5 (0.070%) CA Spectrum
14 4 (0.056%) HAProxy
14 4 (0.056%) Cisco Prime
14 4 (0.056%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 517 (7.20%) Microsoft
2 458 (6.38%) Adobe
3 388 (5.40%) Oracle
4 192 (2.67%) Google
5 143 (1.99%) Zend
6 137 (1.91%) Sitecore
7 100 (1.39%) IBM
8 86 (1.20%) Twitter
9 77 (1.07%) EPiServer
10 63 (0.88%) ServiceNow
11 55 (0.77%) BMC
11 55 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
12 51 (0.71%) hybris
13 50 (0.70%) HP
14 49 (0.68%) Cisco
15 48 (0.67%) Apple
15 48 (0.67%) VMware
16 45 (0.63%) SAP
17 43 (0.60%) Red Hat
18 39 (0.54%) CA
London
J & C Associates Ltd
Posted: 2 hours ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Reed Technology
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £270 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 - £385 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
Worthing, West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £320 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £300.00 - £400.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Initi8 Recruitment
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Computer People
Rate: £320 - £340 per day + Good depandant on skills
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £200.00 - £400.00 per day + Dependant on Experience
Posted: 2 days ago
Romford, Essex
Reed Technology
Rate: NEGOTIABLR
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxfordshire
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £40,000 to £60,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Shefford, Bedfordshire
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago