The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 27 July 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Jul 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 16 19 18
Rank change year-on-year
+3 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS 4147 3871 3618
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 8.31% 7.49% 7.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.12% 26.68% 26.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 2993 2753 2477
Median daily rate £400 £363 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+10.34% +3.57%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £240
10% offered a daily rate of more than £538 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £315
% change year-on-year
+7.69% +3.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 60 45
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% +12.90%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.75 £16.26 £16.90
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.00 £45.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.50 £37.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-19.20% +7.85%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14750 14509 13567
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 29.56% 28.07% 27.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 10406 9947 8898
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £340
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 190 210 193
Median hourly rate £40.00 £39.55 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.13% +13.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.25 £17.93 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.25 £55.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £40.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year
-6.25% +15.94%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

The demand trend of contract jobs across the England region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 27 July 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 2158 £425 +6.25% 670
South East -1 560 £350 +7.69% 278
Yorkshire +7 312 £400 +23.07% 136
West Midlands +11 305 £325 +6.55% 126
South West +7 278 £338 -0.73% 128
North West +1 211 £350 +2.94% 178
East of England +4 156 £355 +7.57% 107
East Midlands -7 99 £350 +16.66% 79
North East -44 65 £400 +10.34% 30
Midlands -8 1 £410 +28.12% 2
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 July 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 7570 (93.66%) HTML
2 6570 (81.29%) JavaScript
3 3735 (46.21%) HTML5
4 3647 (45.12%) Agile Software Development
5 2925 (36.19%) CSS3
6 2566 (31.75%) AngularJS
7 2412 (29.84%) jQuery
8 2143 (26.52%) Front End Development
9 2011 (24.88%) Java
10 1848 (22.87%) .NET
11 1833 (22.68%) MVC
12 1772 (21.93%) Web Development
13 1712 (21.18%) C#
14 1582 (19.57%) TDD
15 1397 (17.29%) Git (software)
16 1345 (16.64%) SQL
17 1268 (15.69%) User Experience
18 1223 (15.13%) Node.js
19 1207 (14.93%) Scrum
20 1194 (14.77%) ASP.NET
21 1180 (14.60%) PHP
22 1121 (13.87%) Sass
23 1080 (13.36%) XML
24 1070 (13.24%) SQL Server
25 1025 (12.68%) OO
26 963 (11.92%) React
27 953 (11.79%) Web Services
28 880 (10.89%) Ajax
29 871 (10.78%) Finance
30 858 (10.62%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 619 (7.66%) CMS
2 284 (3.51%) Tomcat
3 270 (3.34%) SharePoint
4 249 (3.08%) WordPress
5 194 (2.40%) Drupal
6 189 (2.34%) Apache
6 189 (2.34%) IIS
7 184 (2.28%) Confluence
8 167 (2.07%) JBoss
9 131 (1.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 106 (1.31%) WebSphere
11 105 (1.30%) Umbraco
12 104 (1.29%) WebLogic
13 93 (1.15%) SharePoint 2013
14 85 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
15 84 (1.04%) nginx
16 77 (0.95%) SharePoint 2010
17 74 (0.92%) Sitecore CMS
18 48 (0.59%) Jetty
19 37 (0.46%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 403 (4.99%) Photoshop
2 228 (2.82%) MS Excel
3 186 (2.30%) Adobe Illustrator
4 125 (1.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 99 (1.22%) MS Office
6 63 (0.78%) OmniGraffle
7 57 (0.71%) MS Visio
8 36 (0.45%) InDesign
9 30 (0.37%) MS PowerPoint
10 28 (0.35%) InfoPath
11 26 (0.32%) Fireworks
12 21 (0.26%) SPSS
13 19 (0.24%) InVision
14 12 (0.15%) Stata
15 11 (0.14%) GIMP
16 7 (0.087%) Adobe After Effects
17 6 (0.074%) Acrobat
17 6 (0.074%) Adobe Captivate
18 5 (0.062%) MS Project
19 4 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 143 (1.77%) Magento
2 83 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
3 46 (0.57%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 19 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 18 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
6 16 (0.20%) Eloqua
7 15 (0.19%) WebTrends
8 13 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
9 12 (0.15%) BigMachines
10 10 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
11 7 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
12 6 (0.074%) OpenText VIM for SAP
12 6 (0.074%) Unica
13 5 (0.062%) ION MarketView
13 5 (0.062%) Oracle EBS
14 4 (0.049%) nopCommerce
14 4 (0.049%) Remedy ITSM
14 4 (0.049%) Unit4 Business World
15 3 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
15 3 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 331 (4.10%) Amazon AWS
2 276 (3.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 209 (2.59%) GitHub
4 100 (1.24%) SaaS
5 68 (0.84%) Office 365
6 53 (0.66%) Google Analytics
7 47 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
8 30 (0.37%) AWS CloudFormation
8 30 (0.37%) Google Cloud Platform
9 26 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
10 21 (0.26%) PaaS
11 20 (0.25%) Amazon S3
12 18 (0.22%) Adobe Analytics
12 18 (0.22%) Google App Engine
13 17 (0.21%) Heroku
14 15 (0.19%) CloudFront
15 10 (0.12%) Force.com
15 10 (0.12%) Route 53
16 9 (0.11%) Amazon SQS
17 8 (0.099%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 403 (4.99%) HTTP
2 163 (2.02%) Internet
3 98 (1.21%) Network Security
4 70 (0.87%) LDAP
5 62 (0.77%) DNS
6 58 (0.72%) TCP/IP
7 43 (0.53%) Intranet
8 38 (0.47%) Firewall
9 36 (0.45%) SSL
9 36 (0.45%) VPN
10 32 (0.40%) BGP
10 32 (0.40%) SNMP
11 24 (0.30%) DHCP
11 24 (0.30%) IPsec
12 22 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
13 21 (0.26%) IPv6
13 21 (0.26%) Software-Defined Networking
14 19 (0.24%) OSPF
15 18 (0.22%) BIG-IP
15 18 (0.22%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1070 (13.24%) SQL Server
2 848 (10.49%) MySQL
3 422 (5.22%) MongoDB
4 417 (5.16%) Relational Database
5 319 (3.95%) NoSQL
6 237 (2.93%) PostgreSQL
7 123 (1.52%) Oracle Database
8 116 (1.44%) RDBMS
9 108 (1.34%) SQL Server 2008
10 90 (1.11%) SQL Server 2012
11 81 (1.00%) Big Data
11 81 (1.00%) DB2
12 80 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
13 71 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 66 (0.82%) Neo4j
15 65 (0.80%) Hadoop
16 58 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 51 (0.63%) CouchDB
18 50 (0.62%) Redis
19 43 (0.53%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1397 (17.29%) Git (software)
2 579 (7.16%) Grunt
3 561 (6.94%) Subversion
4 464 (5.74%) gulp
5 383 (4.74%) Jenkins
6 355 (4.39%) JIRA
7 348 (4.31%) Visual Studio
8 342 (4.23%) JUnit
9 314 (3.89%) Jasmine
10 255 (3.16%) Selenium
11 233 (2.88%) Maven
12 186 (2.30%) Team Foundation Server
13 181 (2.24%) Mocha
14 179 (2.21%) Cucumber
15 160 (1.98%) Karma Test Runner
16 138 (1.71%) TeamCity
17 127 (1.57%) Eclipse
18 98 (1.21%) Bower
19 96 (1.19%) Axure RP
20 92 (1.14%) webpack
General
1 871 (10.78%) Finance
2 462 (5.72%) Banking
3 357 (4.42%) Marketing
4 251 (3.11%) Retail
5 154 (1.91%) Publishing
6 142 (1.76%) Games
7 124 (1.53%) Telecoms
8 112 (1.39%) Investment Banking
9 91 (1.13%) Advertising
10 63 (0.78%) Manufacturing
11 55 (0.68%) Electronics
12 47 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 45 (0.56%) Back Office
13 45 (0.56%) Front Office
14 40 (0.49%) Law
15 35 (0.43%) Legal
16 33 (0.41%) Automotive
17 32 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
18 20 (0.25%) Local Government
19 17 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6626 (81.98%) Developer
2 1780 (22.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1475 (18.25%) JavaScript Developer
4 912 (11.28%) .NET Developer
5 824 (10.20%) Java Developer
6 772 (9.55%) HTML Developer
7 681 (8.43%) Web Developer
8 653 (8.08%) Senior Developer
9 614 (7.60%) HTML CSS Developer
10 591 (7.31%) C# Developer
11 527 (6.52%) Angular Developer
12 450 (5.57%) Designer
13 449 (5.56%) UI Developer
14 440 (5.44%) PHP Developer
15 432 (5.35%) C# .NET Developer
16 398 (4.92%) Full Stack Developer
17 344 (4.26%) ASP.NET Developer
18 328 (4.06%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 289 (3.58%) Agile Developer
20 246 (3.04%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7570 (93.66%) HTML
2 3735 (46.21%) HTML5
3 2925 (36.19%) CSS3
4 2566 (31.75%) AngularJS
5 2412 (29.84%) jQuery
6 1848 (22.87%) .NET
7 1223 (15.13%) Node.js
8 1194 (14.77%) ASP.NET
9 1121 (13.87%) Sass
10 1080 (13.36%) XML
11 963 (11.92%) React
12 953 (11.79%) Web Services
13 880 (10.89%) Ajax
14 831 (10.28%) REST
15 812 (10.05%) JSON
16 797 (9.86%) Spring
17 796 (9.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 660 (8.17%) ASP.NET MVC
19 596 (7.37%) RESTful
20 541 (6.69%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1268 (15.69%) User Experience
2 428 (5.30%) Mobile App
3 237 (2.93%) Analytical Skills
4 217 (2.68%) Computer Science
5 154 (1.91%) Visualisation
6 148 (1.83%) Digital Media
7 124 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
8 87 (1.08%) W3C
9 70 (0.87%) Fintech
10 61 (0.75%) Management Information System
11 56 (0.69%) Algorithms
11 56 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 51 (0.63%) N-Tier
13 48 (0.59%) iPad
14 47 (0.58%) Social Media
15 45 (0.56%) e-Learning
15 45 (0.56%) Inversion of Control
16 43 (0.53%) RIA
17 42 (0.52%) Animation
18 38 (0.47%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 644 (7.97%) Linux
2 362 (4.48%) Windows
3 275 (3.40%) Unix
4 198 (2.45%) Android
5 177 (2.19%) Apple iOS
6 98 (1.21%) Windows Server
7 90 (1.11%) Mac OS X
8 68 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 38 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 33 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
11 24 (0.30%) Windows Phone
12 22 (0.27%) Ubuntu
13 15 (0.19%) Windows Mobile
14 14 (0.17%) Solaris
15 12 (0.15%) Windows 10
15 12 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
16 11 (0.14%) webOS
16 11 (0.14%) Windows 8
16 11 (0.14%) Windows Phone 7
17 10 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3647 (45.12%) Agile Software Development
2 2143 (26.52%) Front End Development
3 1833 (22.68%) MVC
4 1772 (21.93%) Web Development
5 1582 (19.57%) TDD
6 1207 (14.93%) Scrum
7 1025 (12.68%) OO
8 858 (10.62%) Responsive Web Design
9 736 (9.11%) Continuous Integration
10 726 (8.98%) BDD
11 689 (8.53%) E-Commerce
12 486 (6.01%) Web Design
13 468 (5.79%) Open Source
14 427 (5.28%) Software Engineering
15 392 (4.85%) Unit Testing
16 383 (4.74%) OOP
17 328 (4.06%) Wireframes
18 314 (3.89%) SOA
19 312 (3.86%) Automated Testing
20 306 (3.79%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 6570 (81.29%) JavaScript
2 2011 (24.88%) Java
3 1712 (21.18%) C#
4 1345 (16.64%) SQL
5 1180 (14.60%) PHP
6 504 (6.24%) Ruby
7 494 (6.11%) Python
8 393 (4.86%) Scala
9 261 (3.23%) T-SQL
10 257 (3.18%) ES6
11 160 (1.98%) PL/SQL
12 140 (1.73%) C++
13 139 (1.72%) C
14 133 (1.65%) TypeScript
15 123 (1.52%) Groovy
16 122 (1.51%) VB
17 116 (1.44%) Perl
18 110 (1.36%) VB.NET
19 101 (1.25%) PowerShell
20 77 (0.95%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 382 (4.73%) Degree
2 348 (4.31%) Security Cleared
3 217 (2.68%) SC Cleared
4 77 (0.95%) DV Cleared
5 39 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
6 37 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (0.28%) MCSD
8 21 (0.26%) BC Cleared
9 17 (0.21%) MCSE
10 13 (0.16%) MCSA
11 12 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
12 11 (0.14%) CCNA
12 11 (0.14%) ISEB
12 11 (0.14%) PMP
13 10 (0.12%) CCNP
13 10 (0.12%) PMI Certification
14 9 (0.11%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.11%) MCTS
15 8 (0.099%) MCITP
15 8 (0.099%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (2.03%) QA
2 51 (0.63%) WAI
3 45 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
4 31 (0.38%) WCAG
5 29 (0.36%) SLA
6 7 (0.087%) ISO 14001
6 7 (0.087%) ISO 9001
7 5 (0.062%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.049%) SDET
9 3 (0.037%) COBIT
9 3 (0.037%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.025%) FATCA
10 2 (0.025%) HL7
10 2 (0.025%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.025%) MiFID
11 1 (0.012%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.012%) GCP
11 1 (0.012%) PMBOK
System Software
1 153 (1.89%) Docker
2 62 (0.77%) Active Directory
3 48 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
4 32 (0.40%) Hyper-V
5 20 (0.25%) Varnish
6 19 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.087%) KVM
7 7 (0.087%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.037%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.037%) VMware ESX
8 3 (0.037%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.025%) LXC
9 2 (0.025%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.025%) Xen
10 1 (0.012%) GlusterFS
10 1 (0.012%) HDFS
10 1 (0.012%) ProxySG
10 1 (0.012%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 114 (1.41%) Puppet
2 59 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
3 44 (0.54%) Ansible
4 26 (0.32%) Kibana
5 24 (0.30%) Kubernetes
6 17 (0.21%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 16 (0.20%) OPNET
7 16 (0.20%) TeamSite
8 10 (0.12%) SCOM
9 8 (0.099%) Terraform
10 7 (0.087%) Oracle Identity Management
11 5 (0.062%) AirWatch
11 5 (0.062%) yum
12 4 (0.049%) CA Spectrum
12 4 (0.049%) Capistrano
12 4 (0.049%) logstash
13 3 (0.037%) Microsoft Clustering
13 3 (0.037%) Piwik
13 3 (0.037%) Rancher
14 2 (0.025%) CA Wily
Vendors
1 599 (7.41%) Microsoft
2 548 (6.78%) Oracle
3 423 (5.23%) Adobe
4 228 (2.82%) Google
5 141 (1.74%) IBM
6 133 (1.65%) Sitecore
7 123 (1.52%) Zend
8 108 (1.34%) ServiceNow
9 91 (1.13%) SAP
10 77 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
11 66 (0.82%) Red Hat
12 65 (0.80%) Atlassian
13 57 (0.71%) Twitter
14 55 (0.68%) EPiServer
15 41 (0.51%) hybris
16 40 (0.49%) Apple
16 40 (0.49%) VMware
17 33 (0.41%) Tableau
18 32 (0.40%) ATG
19 29 (0.36%) Informatica
Maidstone, Kent
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £300 per day 3 Months Initial Contract
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £400 - £500 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
West Midlands
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £200 - £350 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
Northamptonshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
West Sussex
Oscar
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Richmond, Surrey
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: Yesterday
East Midlands
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £450 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
North West London
Graham Matthews
Rate: £40,000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
I4 Recruitment
Rate: £250 - 300 per day + Negotiable Day Rate
Posted: 21 hours ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Sanderson
Rate: £325 - £360 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £200 - 230 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday
Fareham, Hampshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £225 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £200.00 - £250.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
IntaPeople
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
London
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day 6 months +
Posted: Yesterday
London
ClearCube Consulting
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: Yesterday