The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the England region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 1 October 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
1 Oct 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 17 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
+2 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 3952 3511 3441
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 7.60% 7.30% 6.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.25% 24.92% 23.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 2642 2371 2144
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£363 £338 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.40% +3.84%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £215 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £330 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 55 89
Average hourly rate £34.75 £35.00 £28.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-0.71% +25.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.95 £16.88 £15.40
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.75 £47.20 £46.70
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.25
% change year-on-year
- +23.89%
CSS
UK

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the England region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
England
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13987 14091 14789
As % of all contract IT jobs located in England 26.90% 29.28% 28.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 9268 9363 8950
Average daily rate £375 £375 £375
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £260 £263
10% offered a daily rate of more than £543 £550 £543
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 156 232 362
Average hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £32.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-2.77% +10.76%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £17.63 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £45.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in England

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in England

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 1 October 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the England region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in England

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the England region over the 3 months to 1 October 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in England

CSS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 1 October 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 2023 £390 +4.00% 678
South East -5 534 £333 +2.30% 385
East of England +6 297 £375 +25.00% 133
North West 0 236 £325 +8.33% 280
South West -5 233 £340 +13.33% 151
West Midlands +4 206 £315 +14.54% 133
Yorkshire +7 200 £300 +0.84% 202
East Midlands +7 115 £313 +20.19% 109
North East +9 82 £375 +16.73% 53
Midlands +7 7 £475 +11.76% 1
South Coast - - - -
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 1 October 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7083 (94.04%) HTML
2 5791 (76.89%) JavaScript
3 3226 (42.83%) HTML5
4 3020 (40.10%) jQuery
5 2705 (35.91%) Agile Software Development
6 2564 (34.04%) CSS3
7 2013 (26.73%) .NET
8 1782 (23.66%) MVC
9 1753 (23.27%) C#
10 1463 (19.42%) ASP.NET
11 1453 (19.29%) PHP
12 1345 (17.86%) Java
13 1290 (17.13%) OO
14 1277 (16.95%) TDD
15 1212 (16.09%) XML
16 1204 (15.99%) Ajax
17 1190 (15.80%) SQL
18 1166 (15.48%) SQL Server
19 1142 (15.16%) AngularJS
20 1040 (13.81%) Web Development
21 1027 (13.64%) MySQL
22 1022 (13.57%) User Experience
23 1001 (13.29%) Git (software)
24 919 (12.20%) Web Services
25 868 (11.52%) Responsive Web Design
26 864 (11.47%) Scrum
27 846 (11.23%) E-Commerce
28 709 (9.41%) Linux
29 700 (9.29%) CMS
30 683 (9.07%) JSON

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

For the 6 months to 1 October 2014, IT contractor jobs across the England region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 700 (9.29%) CMS
2 540 (7.17%) Node.js
3 415 (5.51%) SharePoint
4 327 (4.34%) Apache
5 264 (3.51%) IIS
6 262 (3.48%) Drupal
7 222 (2.95%) WordPress
8 209 (2.77%) Tomcat
9 206 (2.73%) SharePoint 2013
10 183 (2.43%) SharePoint 2010
11 152 (2.02%) Umbraco
12 115 (1.53%) Sitecore CMS
13 103 (1.37%) WebSphere
14 91 (1.21%) Adobe CQ
15 61 (0.81%) WebLogic
16 57 (0.76%) Elasticsearch
17 50 (0.66%) Confluence
18 42 (0.56%) Joomla!
19 41 (0.54%) SharePoint Server
20 39 (0.52%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 668 (8.87%) Photoshop
2 372 (4.94%) Adobe Illustrator
3 181 (2.40%) MS Excel
4 87 (1.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 83 (1.10%) Fireworks
6 59 (0.78%) MS Office
7 54 (0.72%) InDesign
8 53 (0.70%) InfoPath
9 34 (0.45%) OmniGraffle
10 23 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
11 22 (0.29%) MS Visio
12 18 (0.24%) Acrobat
13 16 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
14 8 (0.11%) Adobe Captivate
15 7 (0.093%) MS Project
16 5 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
16 5 (0.066%) GIMP
17 2 (0.027%) Adobe Premiere
17 2 (0.027%) RoboHelp
18 1 (0.013%) ImageReady
Business Applications
1 161 (2.14%) Magento
2 73 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 42 (0.56%) Google Analytics
4 23 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 23 (0.31%) SiteCatalyst
5 20 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
6 18 (0.24%) WebTrends
7 11 (0.15%) Summit
8 9 (0.12%) Tridion
9 8 (0.11%) ION MarketView
9 8 (0.11%) RMDS
9 8 (0.11%) Oracle CRM
10 5 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
11 4 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.053%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 3 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
12 3 (0.040%) Remedy AR System
12 3 (0.040%) osCommerce
12 3 (0.040%) Shopify
12 3 (0.040%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 102 (1.35%) Microsoft Azure
2 74 (0.98%) GitHub
3 68 (0.90%) SaaS
4 64 (0.85%) Amazon AWS
5 49 (0.65%) Office 365
6 44 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
7 29 (0.39%) Amazon S3
8 19 (0.25%) Heroku
9 16 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (0.16%) Force.com
11 7 (0.093%) Google App Engine
12 5 (0.066%) PaaS
13 4 (0.053%) Joyent
14 3 (0.040%) Amazon SQS
14 3 (0.040%) Google Compute Engine
15 2 (0.027%) Rackspace Cloud
16 1 (0.013%) CloudFront
16 1 (0.013%) Basecamp
16 1 (0.013%) Google Apps
16 1 (0.013%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 221 (2.93%) HTTP
2 208 (2.76%) Internet
3 119 (1.58%) Intranet
4 53 (0.70%) LDAP
5 50 (0.66%) Firewall
6 37 (0.49%) FTP
7 32 (0.42%) DNS
7 32 (0.42%) TCP/IP
8 31 (0.41%) SSH
9 24 (0.32%) Cisco Nexus
10 22 (0.29%) HTTPS
10 22 (0.29%) SMTP
11 20 (0.27%) BIG-IP
12 16 (0.21%) SSL
12 16 (0.21%) SNMP
13 15 (0.20%) Extranet
13 15 (0.20%) BGP
13 15 (0.20%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
14 14 (0.19%) OSPF
14 14 (0.19%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1166 (15.48%) SQL Server
2 1027 (13.64%) MySQL
3 367 (4.87%) Relational Database
4 313 (4.16%) SQL Server 2008
5 161 (2.14%) MongoDB
6 155 (2.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 144 (1.91%) NoSQL
8 128 (1.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 128 (1.70%) SQL Server 2012
9 111 (1.47%) PostgreSQL
10 109 (1.45%) RDBMS
11 87 (1.16%) SQL Server 2005
12 81 (1.08%) Oracle Database
13 61 (0.81%) Apache Cassandra
14 57 (0.76%) Big Data
15 55 (0.73%) Redis
16 40 (0.53%) Oracle Database 11g
17 38 (0.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 37 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
19 29 (0.39%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1001 (13.29%) Git (software)
2 669 (8.88%) Subversion
3 458 (6.08%) Visual Studio
4 234 (3.11%) Team Foundation Server
5 228 (3.03%) Grunt
6 220 (2.92%) JUnit
7 190 (2.52%) Jasmine
8 187 (2.48%) JIRA
9 173 (2.30%) Eclipse
10 169 (2.24%) Selenium
11 154 (2.04%) Maven
11 154 (2.04%) Jenkins
12 149 (1.98%) Cucumber
13 136 (1.81%) NUnit
14 121 (1.61%) Dreamweaver
15 120 (1.59%) Axure RP
16 108 (1.43%) Ant
17 101 (1.34%) WebDriver
18 88 (1.17%) Bower
19 87 (1.16%) TeamCity
General
1 652 (8.66%) Finance
2 359 (4.77%) Marketing
3 282 (3.74%) Retail
4 245 (3.25%) Banking
5 127 (1.69%) Publishing
6 115 (1.53%) Advertising
7 98 (1.30%) Telecoms
8 93 (1.23%) Games
9 80 (1.06%) Legal
10 78 (1.04%) Investment Banking
11 76 (1.01%) Manufacturing
12 44 (0.58%) Front Office
13 35 (0.46%) Back Office
13 35 (0.46%) Electronics
14 30 (0.40%) Financial Institution
15 28 (0.37%) Multimedia
16 23 (0.31%) Automotive
17 22 (0.29%) Law
18 14 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
19 10 (0.13%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6190 (82.18%) Developer
2 1491 (19.80%) Front-End Developer
3 1110 (14.74%) Web Developer
4 842 (11.18%) .NET Developer
5 533 (7.08%) Designer
6 526 (6.98%) PHP Developer
7 525 (6.97%) Senior Developer
8 518 (6.88%) JavaScript Developer
9 475 (6.31%) Java Developer
10 405 (5.38%) C# Developer
11 289 (3.84%) C# .NET Developer
12 287 (3.81%) ASP.NET Developer
13 286 (3.80%) UI Developer
14 271 (3.60%) UI Programmer
15 230 (3.05%) Front-End Web Developer
16 194 (2.58%) SharePoint Developer
17 181 (2.40%) Web Designer
18 173 (2.30%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 163 (2.16%) UX Designer
20 136 (1.81%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7083 (94.04%) HTML
2 3226 (42.83%) HTML5
3 3020 (40.10%) jQuery
4 2564 (34.04%) CSS3
5 2013 (26.73%) .NET
6 1463 (19.42%) ASP.NET
7 1212 (16.09%) XML
8 1204 (15.99%) Ajax
9 1142 (15.16%) AngularJS
10 919 (12.20%) Web Services
11 683 (9.07%) JSON
12 664 (8.82%) Backbone.js
13 617 (8.19%) ASP.NET MVC
14 550 (7.30%) XHTML
15 494 (6.56%) .NET Framework
16 474 (6.29%) REST
17 469 (6.23%) Sass
18 459 (6.09%) Spring
19 445 (5.91%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 428 (5.68%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 1022 (13.57%) User Experience
2 365 (4.85%) Mobile App
3 321 (4.26%) Open Source
4 234 (3.11%) W3C
5 228 (3.03%) Analytical Skills
6 191 (2.54%) Computer Science
7 158 (2.10%) Visualisation
8 135 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
9 101 (1.34%) Social Media
10 80 (1.06%) Digital Media
11 73 (0.97%) Graphic Design
12 66 (0.88%) iPhone
13 64 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 64 (0.85%) iPad
14 57 (0.76%) N-Tier
15 55 (0.73%) Inversion of Control
16 54 (0.72%) Animation
17 45 (0.60%) E-Learning
18 43 (0.57%) RIA
19 40 (0.53%) GIS
Operating Systems
1 709 (9.41%) Linux
2 397 (5.27%) UNIX
3 375 (4.98%) Windows
4 263 (3.49%) Android
5 261 (3.47%) Apple iOS
6 160 (2.12%) Mac OS X
7 59 (0.78%) Windows Server 2008
8 39 (0.52%) Solaris
9 29 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 27 (0.36%) CentOS
11 22 (0.29%) AIX
12 21 (0.28%) Windows Mobile
13 19 (0.25%) Ubuntu
13 19 (0.25%) Mac OS
14 15 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
15 13 (0.17%) Windows 7
16 12 (0.16%) Windows Phone
16 12 (0.16%) Windows XP
17 11 (0.15%) Windows 8
18 9 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2705 (35.91%) Agile Software Development
2 1782 (23.66%) MVC
3 1290 (17.13%) OO
4 1277 (16.95%) TDD
5 1040 (13.81%) Web Development
6 868 (11.52%) Responsive Web Design
7 864 (11.47%) Scrum
8 846 (11.23%) E-Commerce
9 518 (6.88%) Web Design
10 511 (6.78%) BDD
11 431 (5.72%) Continuous Integration
12 427 (5.67%) Unit Testing
13 405 (5.38%) OOP
14 276 (3.66%) Content Management
15 238 (3.16%) Software Engineering
16 207 (2.75%) SEO
17 189 (2.51%) SOA
18 183 (2.43%) Configuration Management
19 180 (2.39%) CRM
20 179 (2.38%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 5791 (76.89%) JavaScript
2 1753 (23.27%) C#
3 1453 (19.29%) PHP
4 1345 (17.86%) Java
5 1190 (15.80%) SQL
6 416 (5.52%) Ruby
7 328 (4.35%) Python
8 263 (3.49%) T-SQL
9 181 (2.40%) VB.NET
10 170 (2.26%) PHP5
11 153 (2.03%) Scala
12 136 (1.81%) PL/SQL
13 127 (1.69%) Perl
14 87 (1.16%) C++
15 73 (0.97%) VB
16 68 (0.90%) C
17 61 (0.81%) VBScript
17 61 (0.81%) Objective-C
18 55 (0.73%) ActionScript
19 49 (0.65%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 386 (5.12%) Degree
2 171 (2.27%) Security Cleared
3 102 (1.35%) SC Cleared
4 36 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
5 25 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (0.20%) CCNA
7 13 (0.17%) CCNP
8 12 (0.16%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.11%) MCPD
9 8 (0.11%) MCTS
9 8 (0.11%) ISEB
10 7 (0.093%) MCP
10 7 (0.093%) OCPJP
10 7 (0.093%) CTC Cleared
11 6 (0.080%) DV Cleared
11 6 (0.080%) MCSD
12 5 (0.066%) MCSE
13 4 (0.053%) BC Cleared
13 4 (0.053%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 3 (0.040%) CCDA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (2.68%) QA
2 40 (0.53%) ISO 9001
3 26 (0.35%) WCAG
4 18 (0.24%) SLA
5 15 (0.20%) WAI
6 13 (0.17%) HL7
7 10 (0.13%) ISO 14001
8 9 (0.12%) COBIT
9 6 (0.080%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.027%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.027%) Section 508
11 1 (0.013%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 49 (0.65%) Active Directory
2 29 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (0.21%) Varnish
4 14 (0.19%) Docker
4 14 (0.19%) VirtualBox
5 9 (0.12%) Shibboleth
6 8 (0.11%) NFS
7 7 (0.093%) VMware ESX
7 7 (0.093%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 4 (0.053%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.053%) ProxySG
9 3 (0.040%) vCloud
10 2 (0.027%) IAG
10 2 (0.027%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.027%) DFS Replication
11 1 (0.013%) Squid
11 1 (0.013%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 56 (0.74%) Puppet
2 31 (0.41%) Vagrant
3 23 (0.31%) OpenSSO
4 14 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
5 12 (0.16%) Capistrano
6 11 (0.15%) OPNET
7 10 (0.13%) Graylog2
8 6 (0.080%) Ansible
9 5 (0.066%) Control-M
10 4 (0.053%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.040%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 3 (0.040%) Nagios
11 3 (0.040%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.040%) logstash
12 2 (0.027%) Cacti
12 2 (0.027%) SCOM
12 2 (0.027%) NetBackup
12 2 (0.027%) CA SiteMinder
13 1 (0.013%) Tivoli
13 1 (0.013%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 574 (7.62%) Microsoft
2 442 (5.87%) Adobe
3 395 (5.24%) Oracle
4 256 (3.40%) Zend
5 138 (1.83%) Sitecore
6 136 (1.81%) Google
7 115 (1.53%) Twitter
8 93 (1.23%) JBoss
9 83 (1.10%) IBM
10 73 (0.97%) EPiServer
11 67 (0.89%) hybris
12 58 (0.77%) Facebook
12 58 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
13 48 (0.64%) SAP
14 42 (0.56%) Cisco
15 41 (0.54%) Red Hat
16 37 (0.49%) VMware
17 35 (0.46%) Sencha
18 32 (0.42%) BMC
19 30 (0.40%) CheckPoint
Manchester, Lancashire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: Unspecified
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Bedfordshire
X4 Group
Rate: £150 - 250 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Surrey
Marcus Donald People
Rate: £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Hertfordshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Marcus Donald People
Rate: £200 to £250 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
The MRJ Group
Rate: £250 - £300 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Bridge Noble
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Central London / West End
Gonnadoo
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Initi8 Recruitment
Rate: £450 - £525 Per Day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Staines, Middlesex
Advanced Resource Managers
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £150 - £200 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
eCom Recruitment
Rate: From £300 to £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Staines, Middlesex
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 16 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Gold Group
Rate: £45 - £50 per hour
Posted: 17 hours ago
Southampton, Hampshire
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £280 - £330 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago