The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 27 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 241 318 354
Rank change year-on-year
+77 +36
Contract jobs citing LESS 199 106 74
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 0.91% 0.46% 0.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.83% 1.47% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 154 83 54
Median daily rate £400 £350 £401
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -12.77%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £280 £200 £320
10% offered a daily rate of more than £533 £475 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+14.28% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -
LESS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7038 7197 7247
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 32.36% 31.31% 31.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 5401 5229 5235
Median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% +1.19%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £310 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 49 34
Median hourly rate £40.00 £22.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+77.77% -50.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.00 £16.09 £17.80
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £60.00 £160.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-10.62% +14.28%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the London region over the 3 months to 27 June 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in London

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 3 months to 27 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +57 35 £400 +14.28% 13
Croydon - 1 £450 -
Westminster - 1 £388 -
Wimbledon - 1 £440 -
LESS
England

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 27 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 327 (94.51%) CSS
2 319 (92.20%) HTML
3 316 (91.33%) JavaScript
4 291 (84.10%) Sass
5 283 (81.79%) HTML5
6 234 (67.63%) AngularJS
7 226 (65.32%) CSS3
8 184 (53.18%) Agile Software Development
9 150 (43.35%) Front End Development
10 144 (41.62%) Node.js
11 142 (41.04%) jQuery
12 130 (37.57%) Git (software)
13 127 (36.71%) React
14 104 (30.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 100 (28.90%) Grunt
16 99 (28.61%) User Experience
17 88 (25.43%) Web Development
17 88 (25.43%) TDD
18 86 (24.86%) Backbone.js
19 80 (23.12%) Responsive Web Design
20 79 (22.83%) gulp
21 70 (20.23%) Scrum
22 57 (16.47%) BDD
23 56 (16.18%) PHP
24 51 (14.74%) OO
25 50 (14.45%) MVC
26 49 (14.16%) .NET
27 43 (12.43%) Ajax
28 42 (12.14%) MongoDB
28 42 (12.14%) RESTful

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (9.54%) CMS
2 14 (4.05%) WordPress
3 9 (2.60%) Confluence
4 6 (1.73%) Umbraco
5 5 (1.45%) ColdFusion
5 5 (1.45%) Sitecore CMS
6 4 (1.16%) Apache
6 4 (1.16%) Drupal
6 4 (1.16%) IIS
6 4 (1.16%) Joomla!
7 3 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 3 (0.87%) Alfresco
7 3 (0.87%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.87%) Mule
8 2 (0.58%) EPiServer CMS
8 2 (0.58%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.29%) NServiceBus
9 1 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 38 (10.98%) Photoshop
2 13 (3.76%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (2.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (1.16%) GIMP
4 4 (1.16%) InDesign
5 1 (0.29%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (1.73%) Magento
2 1 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 13 (3.76%) GitHub
2 8 (2.31%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (1.45%) Amazon S3
4 4 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
4 4 (1.16%) Google Analytics
4 4 (1.16%) Microsoft Azure
5 3 (0.87%) CloudFront
5 3 (0.87%) Route 53
6 2 (0.58%) Google Tag Manager
6 2 (0.58%) Heroku
7 1 (0.29%) Adobe Analytics
7 1 (0.29%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.29%) MailChimp
7 1 (0.29%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.60%) HTTP
2 7 (2.02%) Internet
3 6 (1.73%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.29%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (12.14%) MongoDB
2 31 (8.96%) MySQL
3 19 (5.49%) NoSQL
4 18 (5.20%) SQL Server
5 7 (2.02%) Redis
6 5 (1.45%) CouchDB
6 5 (1.45%) DB2
6 5 (1.45%) SQL Server 2008
7 3 (0.87%) Relational Database
8 2 (0.58%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (0.58%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (0.58%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 130 (37.57%) Git (software)
2 100 (28.90%) Grunt
3 79 (22.83%) gulp
4 41 (11.85%) Jasmine
5 32 (9.25%) Karma Test Runner
5 32 (9.25%) Mocha
6 28 (8.09%) Bower
7 24 (6.94%) Jenkins
8 17 (4.91%) JIRA
8 17 (4.91%) Subversion
9 16 (4.62%) Visual Studio
10 12 (3.47%) Cucumber
10 12 (3.47%) Selenium
11 10 (2.89%) PhantomJS
11 10 (2.89%) TeamCity
12 7 (2.02%) WebDriver
13 6 (1.73%) Sinon.JS
13 6 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
14 5 (1.45%) Octopus Deploy
14 5 (1.45%) Vagrant
General
1 40 (11.56%) Finance
2 26 (7.51%) Games
3 14 (4.05%) Advertising
4 10 (2.89%) Banking
5 8 (2.31%) Retail
6 6 (1.73%) Financial Institution
7 5 (1.45%) Marketing
7 5 (1.45%) Publishing
8 4 (1.16%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.87%) Interactive Media
9 3 (0.87%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.58%) Law
11 1 (0.29%) Music Industry
11 1 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 324 (93.64%) Developer
2 151 (43.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 117 (33.82%) JavaScript Developer
4 50 (14.45%) Angular Developer
5 43 (12.43%) Web Developer
6 34 (9.83%) Senior Developer
7 29 (8.38%) Node.js Developer
8 24 (6.94%) UI Developer
9 19 (5.49%) Full Stack Developer
10 18 (5.20%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 18 (5.20%) HTML Developer
10 18 (5.20%) Senior JavaScript Developer
10 18 (5.20%) UX Developer
11 17 (4.91%) HTML CSS Developer
12 14 (4.05%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 11 (3.18%) .NET Developer
13 11 (3.18%) PHP Developer
14 9 (2.60%) Designer
15 7 (2.02%) Agile Developer
15 7 (2.02%) Games Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 327 (94.51%) CSS
2 319 (92.20%) HTML
3 291 (84.10%) Sass
4 283 (81.79%) HTML5
5 234 (67.63%) AngularJS
6 226 (65.32%) CSS3
7 144 (41.62%) Node.js
8 142 (41.04%) jQuery
9 127 (36.71%) React
10 104 (30.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 86 (24.86%) Backbone.js
12 49 (14.16%) .NET
13 43 (12.43%) Ajax
14 42 (12.14%) RESTful
15 29 (8.38%) Meteor
16 26 (7.51%) Ember.js
17 25 (7.23%) RequireJS
17 25 (7.23%) REST
18 23 (6.65%) ASP.NET
18 23 (6.65%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 99 (28.61%) User Experience
2 35 (10.12%) Mobile App
3 24 (6.94%) Fintech
4 13 (3.76%) W3C
5 10 (2.89%) Online Games
6 7 (2.02%) iPad
7 6 (1.73%) Animation
7 6 (1.73%) Equities
7 6 (1.73%) New Media
7 6 (1.73%) Visualisation
8 5 (1.45%) Data Centre
8 5 (1.45%) Fixed Income
8 5 (1.45%) Management Information System
9 4 (1.16%) Computer Science
9 4 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.16%) Internet of Things
9 4 (1.16%) Social Media
10 3 (0.87%) NHS
10 3 (0.87%) Video on Demand
11 2 (0.58%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 18 (5.20%) Linux
2 7 (2.02%) Windows
3 5 (1.45%) Windows Server
3 5 (1.45%) Windows Server 2008
3 5 (1.45%) Windows Server 2012
4 4 (1.16%) Android
4 4 (1.16%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (53.18%) Agile Software Development
2 150 (43.35%) Front End Development
3 88 (25.43%) TDD
3 88 (25.43%) Web Development
4 80 (23.12%) Responsive Web Design
5 70 (20.23%) Scrum
6 57 (16.47%) BDD
7 51 (14.74%) OO
8 50 (14.45%) MVC
9 35 (10.12%) Unit Testing
10 30 (8.67%) Continuous Integration
11 28 (8.09%) E-Commerce
11 28 (8.09%) OOP
11 28 (8.09%) Progressive Enhancement
12 25 (7.23%) Mobile First
13 23 (6.65%) Web Design
14 20 (5.78%) Pair Programming
15 17 (4.91%) Automated Testing
15 17 (4.91%) User Stories
16 15 (4.34%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 316 (91.33%) JavaScript
2 56 (16.18%) PHP
3 36 (10.40%) Java
4 29 (8.38%) C#
4 29 (8.38%) ES6
5 18 (5.20%) SQL
6 7 (2.02%) Ruby
7 6 (1.73%) Python
8 5 (1.45%) ECMAScript
9 3 (0.87%) Apple Swift
9 3 (0.87%) Clojure
9 3 (0.87%) Haskell
9 3 (0.87%) TypeScript
10 2 (0.58%) Bash Shell
10 2 (0.58%) C
10 2 (0.58%) CoffeeScript
11 1 (0.29%) Objective-C
11 1 (0.29%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.29%) VB.NET
11 1 (0.29%) XAML
Qualifications
1 9 (2.60%) Degree
2 6 (1.73%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.45%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.45%) QA
2 4 (1.16%) WAI
3 1 (0.29%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.29%) WCAG
System Software
1 3 (0.87%) Docker
2 2 (0.58%) Varnish
Vendors
1 26 (7.51%) Adobe
2 12 (3.47%) Twitter
3 11 (3.18%) Facebook
4 9 (2.60%) Microsoft
5 8 (2.31%) Oracle
6 5 (1.45%) Google
6 5 (1.45%) Sitecore
7 4 (1.16%) Zend
8 3 (0.87%) DevExpress
8 3 (0.87%) Telerik
9 2 (0.58%) Brightcove
9 2 (0.58%) EPiServer
9 2 (0.58%) IBM
9 2 (0.58%) Red Hat
9 2 (0.58%) Sun
10 1 (0.29%) Atlassian
10 1 (0.29%) hybris
10 1 (0.29%) Infragistics
10 1 (0.29%) Syncfusion
10 1 (0.29%) Tableau
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