The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 11 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
11 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 284 319 305
Rank change year-on-year
+35 -14
Contract jobs citing LESS 125 96 103
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 0.59% 0.45% 0.47%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.88% 1.52% 1.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 96 79 80
Average daily rate £400 £388 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.22% +19.23%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £299 £295 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £518 £476 £452
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+7.69% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Average hourly rate - £27.37 -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 - -
LESS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6644 6332 6493
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 31.37% 29.86% 29.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 4952 4713 4609
Average daily rate £450 £425 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% +6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £323 £313 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £363 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 27 54
Average hourly rate £50.00 £27.37 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+82.68% -21.80%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £24.23 £16.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £50.00 £77.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.25 £34.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+15.44% +3.03%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the London region over the 3 months to 11 February 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in London

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 3 months to 11 February 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +27 13 £450 +16.12% 9
LESS
England

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 11 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 293 (94.21%) CSS
2 290 (93.25%) HTML
3 279 (89.71%) JavaScript
4 257 (82.64%) Sass
5 243 (78.14%) HTML5
6 217 (69.77%) CSS3
7 193 (62.06%) AngularJS
8 175 (56.27%) Agile Software Development
9 155 (49.84%) Front End Development
10 137 (44.05%) jQuery
11 119 (38.26%) Node.js
12 101 (32.48%) TDD
13 100 (32.15%) User Experience
14 95 (30.55%) Responsive Web Design
15 89 (28.62%) Backbone.js
16 85 (27.33%) PHP
17 82 (26.37%) Git (software)
18 77 (24.76%) Grunt
19 74 (23.79%) Scrum
20 62 (19.94%) React
21 61 (19.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
22 59 (18.97%) OO
23 55 (17.68%) BDD
24 53 (17.04%) gulp
25 49 (15.76%) E-Commerce
26 46 (14.79%) MVC
27 41 (13.18%) Web Development
28 40 (12.86%) JIRA
29 38 (12.22%) Finance
30 37 (11.90%) Photoshop

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

For the 6 months to 11 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 119 (38.26%) Node.js
2 26 (8.36%) Confluence
3 25 (8.04%) WordPress
4 16 (5.14%) CMS
5 12 (3.86%) Drupal
6 8 (2.57%) Umbraco
7 6 (1.93%) Alfresco
8 3 (0.96%) Joomla!
8 3 (0.96%) Mule
8 3 (0.96%) Mule ESB
8 3 (0.96%) WildFly
9 2 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.64%) Apache
9 2 (0.64%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.64%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.32%) EPiServer CMS
10 1 (0.32%) IIS
10 1 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 37 (11.90%) Photoshop
2 17 (5.47%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (1.61%) MS Excel
4 4 (1.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 3 (0.96%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.32%) MS Office
6 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.61%) Magento
2 1 (0.32%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 27 (8.68%) GitHub
2 9 (2.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 5 (1.61%) Amazon AWS
4 3 (0.96%) Heroku
5 2 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
5 2 (0.64%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.32%) CloudFront
6 1 (0.32%) MailChimp
6 1 (0.32%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.54%) HTTP
2 6 (1.93%) MVNO
3 4 (1.29%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.96%) Firewall
4 3 (0.96%) Reverse Proxy
4 3 (0.96%) VPN
5 2 (0.64%) Internet
5 2 (0.64%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (6.43%) MySQL
2 13 (4.18%) NoSQL
3 12 (3.86%) MongoDB
3 12 (3.86%) PostgreSQL
4 8 (2.57%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (0.64%) SQL Server
6 1 (0.32%) Big Data
6 1 (0.32%) DB2
Development Applications
1 82 (26.37%) Git (software)
2 77 (24.76%) Grunt
3 53 (17.04%) gulp
4 40 (12.86%) JIRA
5 32 (10.29%) Jasmine
6 30 (9.65%) Karma Test Runner
7 26 (8.36%) Selenium
8 25 (8.04%) Cucumber
9 17 (5.47%) Bower
10 16 (5.14%) Visual Studio
10 16 (5.14%) WebDriver
11 15 (4.82%) Subversion
12 13 (4.18%) Jenkins
12 13 (4.18%) Mocha
13 12 (3.86%) Maven
14 11 (3.54%) QUnit
15 10 (3.22%) Protractor
16 8 (2.57%) WebStorm
17 7 (2.25%) FogBugz
17 7 (2.25%) Sinon.JS
General
1 38 (12.22%) Finance
2 15 (4.82%) Retail
3 9 (2.89%) Telecoms
4 7 (2.25%) Games
4 7 (2.25%) Publishing
5 6 (1.93%) Banking
5 6 (1.93%) Marketing
6 4 (1.29%) Financial Institution
6 4 (1.29%) Front Office
7 1 (0.32%) Interactive Media
7 1 (0.32%) Law
7 1 (0.32%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 295 (94.86%) Developer
2 167 (53.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 113 (36.33%) JavaScript Developer
4 73 (23.47%) HTML Developer
5 56 (18.01%) HTML CSS Developer
6 53 (17.04%) Angular Developer
7 48 (15.43%) Web Developer
8 41 (13.18%) Senior Developer
9 32 (10.29%) UI Developer
10 27 (8.68%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 27 (8.68%) Senior JavaScript Developer
11 18 (5.79%) PHP Developer
12 15 (4.82%) Node.js Developer
13 14 (4.50%) Senior Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 13 (4.18%) WordPress Developer
15 11 (3.54%) UX Developer
16 10 (3.22%) Java Developer
17 9 (2.89%) Full Stack Developer
18 8 (2.57%) Web UI Developer
19 7 (2.25%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 293 (94.21%) CSS
2 290 (93.25%) HTML
3 257 (82.64%) Sass
4 243 (78.14%) HTML5
5 217 (69.77%) CSS3
6 193 (62.06%) AngularJS
7 137 (44.05%) jQuery
8 89 (28.62%) Backbone.js
9 62 (19.94%) React
10 61 (19.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 34 (10.93%) .NET
11 34 (10.93%) JSON
12 33 (10.61%) Ajax
13 28 (9.00%) Ember.js
13 28 (9.00%) RequireJS
14 22 (7.07%) RESTful
15 21 (6.75%) REST
16 16 (5.14%) KnockoutJS
16 16 (5.14%) Zend Framework
17 15 (4.82%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 100 (32.15%) User Experience
2 16 (5.14%) W3C
3 11 (3.54%) Mobile App
4 7 (2.25%) Animation
4 7 (2.25%) Computer Science
5 6 (1.93%) iPad
5 6 (1.93%) Social Media
6 5 (1.61%) Smartphone
7 4 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 4 (1.29%) New Media
8 3 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.64%) Digital Media
9 2 (0.64%) Internet of Things
9 2 (0.64%) Online Games
9 2 (0.64%) Video on Demand
9 2 (0.64%) Visualisation
10 1 (0.32%) Blog
10 1 (0.32%) Graphic Design
10 1 (0.32%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.32%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 27 (8.68%) Linux
2 5 (1.61%) Unix
3 3 (0.96%) Android
3 3 (0.96%) Apple iOS
3 3 (0.96%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 175 (56.27%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (49.84%) Front End Development
3 101 (32.48%) TDD
4 95 (30.55%) Responsive Web Design
5 74 (23.79%) Scrum
6 59 (18.97%) OO
7 55 (17.68%) BDD
8 49 (15.76%) E-Commerce
9 46 (14.79%) MVC
10 41 (13.18%) Web Development
11 28 (9.00%) Web Design
12 26 (8.36%) Unit Testing
13 25 (8.04%) Mobile First
14 22 (7.07%) Progressive Enhancement
15 19 (6.11%) Continuous Integration
15 19 (6.11%) Pair Programming
16 18 (5.79%) Automated Testing
17 15 (4.82%) Extreme Programming
17 15 (4.82%) Kanban
18 13 (4.18%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 279 (89.71%) JavaScript
2 85 (27.33%) PHP
3 24 (7.72%) Java
4 20 (6.43%) ES6
4 20 (6.43%) SQL
5 16 (5.14%) Python
6 8 (2.57%) C
6 8 (2.57%) Scala
7 7 (2.25%) C#
7 7 (2.25%) XAML
8 6 (1.93%) Bash Shell
9 4 (1.29%) Ruby
10 3 (0.96%) Apple Swift
10 3 (0.96%) CoffeeScript
11 2 (0.64%) ECMAScript
11 2 (0.64%) JSX
12 1 (0.32%) Objective-C
12 1 (0.32%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.32%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.32%) XPath
Qualifications
1 10 (3.22%) Degree
2 4 (1.29%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.32%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.96%) QA
1 3 (0.96%) WAI
2 2 (0.64%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.32%) WCAG
System Software
1 4 (1.29%) Docker
2 3 (0.96%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 4 (1.29%) Ansible
1 4 (1.29%) Salt
2 3 (0.96%) Kibana
2 3 (0.96%) logstash
2 3 (0.96%) Rundeck
2 3 (0.96%) ZABBIX
3 1 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.32%) Puppet
Vendors
1 19 (6.11%) Zend
2 18 (5.79%) Adobe
3 17 (5.47%) Twitter
4 15 (4.82%) Microsoft
5 10 (3.22%) Facebook
6 5 (1.61%) Oracle
7 3 (0.96%) DevExpress
7 3 (0.96%) Google
7 3 (0.96%) Red Hat
7 3 (0.96%) Telerik
7 3 (0.96%) VMware
8 2 (0.64%) ESRI
8 2 (0.64%) hybris
8 2 (0.64%) Sun
9 1 (0.32%) EPiServer
9 1 (0.32%) IBM
9 1 (0.32%) SAP
9 1 (0.32%) Sencha
9 1 (0.32%) Sitecore
9 1 (0.32%) Tableau
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