The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 28 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
28 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 253 313 359
Rank change year-on-year
+60 +46
Contract jobs citing LESS 195 121 75
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 0.86% 0.51% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.57% 1.62% 1.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 157 103 59
Median daily rate £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £321 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £500 £540
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+4.28% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 0
Median hourly rate - £22.12 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £17.50 -
LESS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7592 7476 7471
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 33.42% 31.68% 30.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 5647 5485 5240
Median daily rate £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.85% +6.06%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £315 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £590 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £368 £350
% change year-on-year
+2.04% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 50 49
Median hourly rate £45.00 £36.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+23.28% -18.88%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.20 £19.65 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.25 £52.17 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.77 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.17% +10.77%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the London region over the 3 months to 28 August 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in London

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 3 months to 28 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +59 36 £445 -3.26% 12
Croydon -8 4 £406 -
Uxbridge - 1 £400 -
Wimbledon - 1 £440 -
LESS
England

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 28 August 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 368 (96.34%) CSS
2 360 (94.24%) HTML
3 354 (92.67%) JavaScript
4 319 (83.51%) Sass
5 318 (83.25%) HTML5
6 260 (68.06%) CSS3
7 254 (66.49%) AngularJS
8 198 (51.83%) Agile Software Development
9 173 (45.29%) Front End Development
10 158 (41.36%) jQuery
11 148 (38.74%) Node.js
12 138 (36.13%) Git (software)
13 130 (34.03%) React
14 122 (31.94%) Grunt
15 112 (29.32%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 108 (28.27%) User Experience
17 105 (27.49%) Web Development
18 91 (23.82%) TDD
19 90 (23.56%) Responsive Web Design
20 78 (20.42%) Scrum
21 77 (20.16%) gulp
22 69 (18.06%) Backbone.js
23 58 (15.18%) OO
23 58 (15.18%) RESTful
24 55 (14.40%) Ajax
25 54 (14.14%) MVC
26 53 (13.87%) BDD
27 51 (13.35%) .NET
28 50 (13.09%) PHP
29 48 (12.57%) Finance

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (10.47%) CMS
2 15 (3.93%) WordPress
3 7 (1.83%) Confluence
4 6 (1.57%) Sitecore CMS
5 5 (1.31%) Umbraco
6 3 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 3 (0.79%) ColdFusion
6 3 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (0.79%) Mule
7 2 (0.52%) Apache
7 2 (0.52%) EPiServer CMS
7 2 (0.52%) IIS
7 2 (0.52%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.52%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.26%) Drupal
8 1 (0.26%) Joomla!
8 1 (0.26%) NServiceBus
8 1 (0.26%) Orchard CMS
Applications
1 39 (10.21%) Photoshop
2 9 (2.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 9 (2.36%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (1.31%) GIMP
4 4 (1.05%) InDesign
5 1 (0.26%) Fireworks
5 1 (0.26%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (1.05%) Magento
2 1 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 12 (3.14%) GitHub
2 8 (2.09%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (1.31%) Google Analytics
4 3 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (0.79%) Amazon S3
4 3 (0.79%) CloudFront
4 3 (0.79%) Google Tag Manager
5 2 (0.52%) Route 53
6 1 (0.26%) Adobe Analytics
6 1 (0.26%) Amazon ELB
6 1 (0.26%) Amazon Kinesis
6 1 (0.26%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (0.26%) Heroku
6 1 (0.26%) MailChimp
6 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Azure
6 1 (0.26%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.09%) HTTP
2 7 (1.83%) Internet
3 2 (0.52%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.26%) DNS
4 1 (0.26%) Network Security
4 1 (0.26%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (10.47%) MongoDB
2 34 (8.90%) MySQL
3 17 (4.45%) NoSQL
4 16 (4.19%) SQL Server
5 8 (2.09%) Redis
6 5 (1.31%) DB2
6 5 (1.31%) SQL Server 2008
7 4 (1.05%) Relational Database
8 3 (0.79%) CouchDB
9 2 (0.52%) RDBMS
10 1 (0.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 1 (0.26%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 138 (36.13%) Git (software)
2 122 (31.94%) Grunt
3 77 (20.16%) gulp
4 40 (10.47%) Jasmine
5 39 (10.21%) Bower
6 30 (7.85%) Karma Test Runner
7 23 (6.02%) Mocha
8 21 (5.50%) Jenkins
9 16 (4.19%) JIRA
10 14 (3.66%) Subversion
10 14 (3.66%) Visual Studio
11 13 (3.40%) Cucumber
11 13 (3.40%) webpack
12 10 (2.62%) Selenium
12 10 (2.62%) TeamCity
13 9 (2.36%) WebDriver
14 8 (2.09%) git-flow
15 7 (1.83%) NuGet
15 7 (1.83%) Team Foundation Server
16 6 (1.57%) Babel
General
1 48 (12.57%) Finance
2 33 (8.64%) Banking
3 21 (5.50%) Games
4 19 (4.97%) Advertising
5 13 (3.40%) Investment Banking
5 13 (3.40%) Retail
6 12 (3.14%) Marketing
7 7 (1.83%) Front Office
8 5 (1.31%) Financial Institution
8 5 (1.31%) Publishing
9 4 (1.05%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.52%) Interactive Media
12 1 (0.26%) Automotive
12 1 (0.26%) Law
12 1 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 367 (96.07%) Developer
2 186 (48.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 120 (31.41%) JavaScript Developer
4 59 (15.45%) Senior Developer
5 49 (12.83%) Web Developer
6 43 (11.26%) Angular Developer
7 33 (8.64%) UI Developer
8 28 (7.33%) Senior JavaScript Developer
9 26 (6.81%) HTML Developer
10 22 (5.76%) Full Stack Developer
10 22 (5.76%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 22 (5.76%) UX Developer
11 19 (4.97%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 19 (4.97%) Node.js Developer
12 18 (4.71%) HTML CSS Developer
13 14 (3.66%) Senior Web Developer
14 9 (2.36%) .NET Developer
14 9 (2.36%) C# Developer
15 8 (2.09%) Designer
16 7 (1.83%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 368 (96.34%) CSS
2 360 (94.24%) HTML
3 319 (83.51%) Sass
4 318 (83.25%) HTML5
5 260 (68.06%) CSS3
6 254 (66.49%) AngularJS
7 158 (41.36%) jQuery
8 148 (38.74%) Node.js
9 130 (34.03%) React
10 112 (29.32%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 69 (18.06%) Backbone.js
12 58 (15.18%) RESTful
13 55 (14.40%) Ajax
14 51 (13.35%) .NET
15 34 (8.90%) REST
16 30 (7.85%) RequireJS
17 27 (7.07%) Meteor
18 22 (5.76%) JSON
18 22 (5.76%) KnockoutJS
19 21 (5.50%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 108 (28.27%) User Experience
2 34 (8.90%) Mobile App
3 23 (6.02%) Fintech
4 8 (2.09%) Equities
4 8 (2.09%) Visualisation
5 7 (1.83%) Animation
5 7 (1.83%) Digital Media
5 7 (1.83%) Hedge funds
5 7 (1.83%) W3C
6 6 (1.57%) Fixed Income
7 5 (1.31%) Data Centre
7 5 (1.31%) Management Information System
8 4 (1.05%) Computer Science
8 4 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (1.05%) Internet of Things
8 4 (1.05%) iPad
8 4 (1.05%) Online Games
8 4 (1.05%) Social Media
9 2 (0.52%) Inversion of Control
9 2 (0.52%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 17 (4.45%) Linux
2 8 (2.09%) Windows
3 5 (1.31%) Android
3 5 (1.31%) Apple iOS
3 5 (1.31%) Windows Server
3 5 (1.31%) Windows Server 2008
3 5 (1.31%) Windows Server 2012
4 2 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (51.83%) Agile Software Development
2 173 (45.29%) Front End Development
3 105 (27.49%) Web Development
4 91 (23.82%) TDD
5 90 (23.56%) Responsive Web Design
6 78 (20.42%) Scrum
7 58 (15.18%) OO
8 54 (14.14%) MVC
9 53 (13.87%) BDD
10 37 (9.69%) OOP
11 35 (9.16%) Continuous Integration
12 25 (6.54%) Web Design
13 22 (5.76%) Automated Testing
14 21 (5.50%) User Stories
15 20 (5.24%) Progressive Enhancement
15 20 (5.24%) Wireframes
16 18 (4.71%) Pair Programming
16 18 (4.71%) Unit Testing
17 17 (4.45%) E-Commerce
18 16 (4.19%) MVVM
Programming Languages
1 354 (92.67%) JavaScript
2 50 (13.09%) PHP
3 41 (10.73%) C#
4 40 (10.47%) ES6
5 39 (10.21%) Java
6 14 (3.66%) SQL
7 10 (2.62%) TypeScript
8 5 (1.31%) Ruby
9 4 (1.05%) ECMAScript
10 3 (0.79%) Clojure
10 3 (0.79%) Haskell
10 3 (0.79%) Python
11 2 (0.52%) Bash Shell
11 2 (0.52%) PL/SQL
12 1 (0.26%) CoffeeScript
12 1 (0.26%) Groovy
12 1 (0.26%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 14 (3.66%) Security Cleared
2 12 (3.14%) SC Cleared
3 7 (1.83%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.57%) QA
2 2 (0.52%) WAI
3 1 (0.26%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.26%) WCAG
System Software
1 2 (0.52%) Varnish
2 1 (0.26%) Docker
Vendors
1 29 (7.59%) Adobe
2 9 (2.36%) Microsoft
3 8 (2.09%) Oracle
4 7 (1.83%) Google
5 6 (1.57%) Sitecore
6 3 (0.79%) Zend
7 2 (0.52%) Cisco
7 2 (0.52%) EPiServer
7 2 (0.52%) IBM
7 2 (0.52%) Infragistics
7 2 (0.52%) Red Hat
7 2 (0.52%) Syncfusion
8 1 (0.26%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.26%) Brightcove
8 1 (0.26%) Facebook
8 1 (0.26%) hybris
8 1 (0.26%) Twitter
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