The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 25 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
25 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 245 305 327
Rank change year-on-year
+60 +22
Contract jobs citing LESS 182 112 89
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 0.84% 0.51% 0.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.61% 1.65% 1.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 143 74 67
Median daily rate £411 £350 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+17.50% -10.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £200 £320
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £550 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £345 £296
% change year-on-year
+15.94% +16.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £17.86 -
LESS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6960 6798 6920
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 32.03% 30.66% 30.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 5356 4885 5081
Median daily rate £450 £420 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.14% +1.81%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £300 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 45 16
Median hourly rate £42.50 £22.18 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+91.61% -50.71%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.60 £16.43 £30.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £52.17 £175.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.75 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-7.33% +7.14%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in London

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS across the London region over the 3 months to 25 May 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in London

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS across the London region.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 3 months to 25 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +59 35 £418 +23.70% 6
Croydon - 1 £450 -
Westminster - 1 £388 -
LESS
England

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 25 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 296 (94.27%) CSS
2 289 (92.04%) HTML
3 287 (91.40%) JavaScript
4 267 (85.03%) Sass
5 259 (82.48%) HTML5
6 210 (66.88%) AngularJS
7 205 (65.29%) CSS3
8 163 (51.91%) Agile Software Development
9 136 (43.31%) Front End Development
10 135 (42.99%) Node.js
11 126 (40.13%) jQuery
12 118 (37.58%) React
13 112 (35.67%) Git (software)
14 89 (28.34%) User Experience
15 86 (27.39%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 83 (26.43%) Backbone.js
17 77 (24.52%) Grunt
17 77 (24.52%) TDD
18 75 (23.89%) Web Development
19 68 (21.66%) Responsive Web Design
20 65 (20.70%) Scrum
21 62 (19.75%) gulp
22 52 (16.56%) PHP
23 47 (14.97%) BDD
24 43 (13.69%) MVC
25 41 (13.06%) MongoDB
26 40 (12.74%) .NET
27 39 (12.42%) OO
27 39 (12.42%) Ajax
28 36 (11.46%) Photoshop

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (42.99%) Node.js
2 28 (8.92%) CMS
3 13 (4.14%) WordPress
4 9 (2.87%) Confluence
5 6 (1.91%) Umbraco
6 5 (1.59%) ColdFusion
6 5 (1.59%) Sitecore CMS
7 4 (1.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (1.27%) Apache
7 4 (1.27%) Drupal
7 4 (1.27%) IIS
8 3 (0.96%) Alfresco
8 3 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.96%) Joomla!
8 3 (0.96%) Mule
9 2 (0.64%) EPiServer CMS
10 1 (0.32%) NServiceBus
10 1 (0.32%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 36 (11.46%) Photoshop
2 13 (4.14%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (2.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (1.27%) GIMP
5 2 (0.64%) InDesign
6 1 (0.32%) MS Excel
6 1 (0.32%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 6 (1.91%) Magento
2 1 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 12 (3.82%) GitHub
2 7 (2.23%) Amazon AWS
3 4 (1.27%) Amazon S3
3 4 (1.27%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (0.96%) Google Analytics
5 2 (0.64%) CloudFront
5 2 (0.64%) Google Tag Manager
5 2 (0.64%) Heroku
5 2 (0.64%) Route 53
6 1 (0.32%) Adobe Analytics
6 1 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.32%) MailChimp
6 1 (0.32%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.87%) HTTP
2 6 (1.91%) Internet
2 6 (1.91%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.64%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (13.06%) MongoDB
2 29 (9.24%) MySQL
3 15 (4.78%) NoSQL
4 12 (3.82%) SQL Server
5 6 (1.91%) Redis
6 5 (1.59%) CouchDB
7 3 (0.96%) DB2
7 3 (0.96%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (0.64%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (0.64%) RDBMS
8 2 (0.64%) Relational Database
9 1 (0.32%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 112 (35.67%) Git (software)
2 77 (24.52%) Grunt
3 62 (19.75%) gulp
4 34 (10.83%) Jasmine
5 30 (9.55%) Karma Test Runner
6 27 (8.60%) Mocha
7 21 (6.69%) Jenkins
8 20 (6.37%) Bower
9 19 (6.05%) JIRA
10 16 (5.10%) Cucumber
10 16 (5.10%) Selenium
11 15 (4.78%) Subversion
12 13 (4.14%) Visual Studio
13 10 (3.18%) PhantomJS
14 9 (2.87%) WebDriver
15 6 (1.91%) Protractor
15 6 (1.91%) Sinon.JS
16 5 (1.59%) Maven
16 5 (1.59%) TeamCity
17 4 (1.27%) git-flow
General
1 30 (9.55%) Finance
2 20 (6.37%) Games
3 7 (2.23%) Advertising
4 6 (1.91%) Publishing
5 5 (1.59%) Marketing
5 5 (1.59%) Retail
6 4 (1.27%) Telecoms
7 3 (0.96%) Banking
7 3 (0.96%) Interactive Media
8 2 (0.64%) Financial Institution
8 2 (0.64%) Law
9 1 (0.32%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.32%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 295 (93.95%) Developer
2 136 (43.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 109 (34.71%) JavaScript Developer
4 45 (14.33%) Angular Developer
5 36 (11.46%) Senior Developer
5 36 (11.46%) Web Developer
6 30 (9.55%) Node.js Developer
7 20 (6.37%) Senior JavaScript Developer
8 19 (6.05%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 18 (5.73%) Full Stack Developer
9 18 (5.73%) UI Developer
10 17 (5.41%) UX Developer
11 16 (5.10%) HTML Developer
12 15 (4.78%) HTML CSS Developer
12 15 (4.78%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 10 (3.18%) PHP Developer
14 9 (2.87%) .NET Developer
15 8 (2.55%) Designer
16 7 (2.23%) Games Developer
17 6 (1.91%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 296 (94.27%) CSS
2 289 (92.04%) HTML
3 267 (85.03%) Sass
4 259 (82.48%) HTML5
5 210 (66.88%) AngularJS
6 205 (65.29%) CSS3
7 126 (40.13%) jQuery
8 118 (37.58%) React
9 86 (27.39%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 83 (26.43%) Backbone.js
11 40 (12.74%) .NET
12 39 (12.42%) Ajax
13 34 (10.83%) RESTful
14 29 (9.24%) Meteor
15 27 (8.60%) RequireJS
16 26 (8.28%) Ember.js
17 22 (7.01%) JSON
17 22 (7.01%) REST
18 21 (6.69%) ASP.NET
18 21 (6.69%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 89 (28.34%) User Experience
2 34 (10.83%) Mobile App
3 24 (7.64%) Fintech
4 13 (4.14%) W3C
5 10 (3.18%) Online Games
6 8 (2.55%) Animation
6 8 (2.55%) iPad
7 6 (1.91%) New Media
8 5 (1.59%) Social Media
8 5 (1.59%) Visualisation
9 4 (1.27%) Computer Science
10 3 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (0.96%) Internet of Things
10 3 (0.96%) NHS
10 3 (0.96%) Video on Demand
11 2 (0.64%) Digital Media
12 1 (0.32%) Algorithms
12 1 (0.32%) Cloud Native
12 1 (0.32%) Data Structures
12 1 (0.32%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 16 (5.10%) Linux
2 4 (1.27%) Android
2 4 (1.27%) Apple iOS
3 2 (0.64%) Windows
4 1 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.32%) Windows Server
4 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
4 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 163 (51.91%) Agile Software Development
2 136 (43.31%) Front End Development
3 77 (24.52%) TDD
4 75 (23.89%) Web Development
5 68 (21.66%) Responsive Web Design
6 65 (20.70%) Scrum
7 47 (14.97%) BDD
8 43 (13.69%) MVC
9 39 (12.42%) OO
10 34 (10.83%) E-Commerce
11 33 (10.51%) Unit Testing
12 28 (8.92%) Progressive Enhancement
13 23 (7.32%) Mobile First
13 23 (7.32%) Web Design
14 19 (6.05%) Continuous Integration
14 19 (6.05%) Pair Programming
15 18 (5.73%) OOP
16 15 (4.78%) SEO
17 14 (4.46%) Automated Testing
18 12 (3.82%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 287 (91.40%) JavaScript
2 52 (16.56%) PHP
3 30 (9.55%) Java
4 22 (7.01%) ES6
5 21 (6.69%) C#
6 15 (4.78%) SQL
7 7 (2.23%) Ruby
8 6 (1.91%) Python
9 4 (1.27%) ECMAScript
10 3 (0.96%) Apple Swift
10 3 (0.96%) Clojure
10 3 (0.96%) Haskell
11 2 (0.64%) Bash Shell
11 2 (0.64%) C
11 2 (0.64%) TypeScript
11 2 (0.64%) XAML
12 1 (0.32%) CoffeeScript
12 1 (0.32%) Objective-C
12 1 (0.32%) VB.NET
12 1 (0.32%) XPath
Qualifications
1 8 (2.55%) Degree
2 5 (1.59%) Security Cleared
3 4 (1.27%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.27%) QA
2 2 (0.64%) WAI
2 2 (0.64%) WCAG
3 1 (0.32%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 4 (1.27%) Docker
2 1 (0.32%) Varnish
Vendors
1 24 (7.64%) Adobe
2 12 (3.82%) Twitter
3 11 (3.50%) Facebook
4 7 (2.23%) Microsoft
5 6 (1.91%) Oracle
6 5 (1.59%) Sitecore
7 4 (1.27%) Google
8 3 (0.96%) DevExpress
8 3 (0.96%) Telerik
9 2 (0.64%) Brightcove
9 2 (0.64%) EPiServer
9 2 (0.64%) IBM
9 2 (0.64%) Sun
9 2 (0.64%) Zend
10 1 (0.32%) Atlassian
10 1 (0.32%) hybris
10 1 (0.32%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.32%) Tableau
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