The first table below looks at the demand for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 10 July 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
10 Jul 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 450 487 542
Rank change year-on-year
+37 +55
Contract jobs citing LESS 135 76 35
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.26% 0.15% 0.061%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.93% 0.55% 0.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 86 56 18
Average daily rate
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of your Daily Rate
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£375 £328 £425
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.50% -22.94%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £281 £269 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £425 £466
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £300 -
% change year-on-year
+16.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Average hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate - - -
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14593 13925 14583
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.67% 27.81% 25.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 9451 8784 8860
Average daily rate £375 £375 £360
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +4.31%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £343 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+5.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 321 360
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +7.69%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.00 £20.50 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £33.55 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
-4.14% +7.69%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 10 July 2014.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 10 July 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 133 £375 +9.48% 91
London +15 73 £438 +27.73% 53
East of England -1 22 £300 -20.00% 1
Bedfordshire - 14 £225 -
City of London +23 13 £469 +44.23% 11
Luton - 13 £225 -
South East +3 10 £350 -6.66% 7
North West - 8 £375 - 10
Cambridgeshire -3 7 £360 -4.00%
South West - 7 £350 - 10
Bristol - 6 £350 - 3
West Midlands -9 5 £296 +12.85% 2
Cambridge -6 4 £360 -4.00%
Manchester - 4 £375 - 4
Cheshire - 4 £325 - 5
Hampshire - 4 £350 - 1
Yorkshire - 3 £325 - 6
Buckinghamshire - 3 £319 -
West Yorkshire - 2 £330 - 3
Surrey - 2 £325 - 1
East Midlands - 2 £480 - 1
Milton Keynes - 2 £350 -
Leeds - 2 £330 - 3
Berkshire +2 1 - - 4
Somerset - 1 £310 - 2
Hertfordshire - 1 - - 1
Guildford - 1 £325 -
Dundee - 1 £170 -
Watford - 1 - -
Scotland - 1 £170 -

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 10 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 314 (97.21%) CSS
2 299 (92.57%) HTML
3 298 (92.26%) JavaScript
4 225 (69.66%) HTML5
5 184 (56.97%) Sass
6 175 (54.18%) jQuery
7 168 (52.01%) CSS3
8 117 (36.22%) AngularJS
9 115 (35.60%) TDD
10 111 (34.37%) Git (software)
11 96 (29.72%) Agile Software Development
12 92 (28.48%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 91 (28.17%) MVC
14 89 (27.55%) Responsive Web Design
15 78 (24.15%) PHP
16 77 (23.84%) OO
17 72 (22.29%) Backbone.js
18 69 (21.36%) Scrum
19 67 (20.74%) Ajax
20 66 (20.43%) C#
21 63 (19.50%) E-Commerce
22 61 (18.89%) Subversion
23 53 (16.41%) Continuous Integration
23 53 (16.41%) BDD
24 49 (15.17%) CMS
25 48 (14.86%) Web Development
25 48 (14.86%) Node.js
26 45 (13.93%) .NET
26 45 (13.93%) SQL Server
27 42 (13.00%) Windows

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 10 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 49 (15.17%) CMS
2 48 (14.86%) Node.js
3 39 (12.07%) Umbraco
4 21 (6.50%) Drupal
5 11 (3.41%) Apache
6 6 (1.86%) WordPress
6 6 (1.86%) Confluence
7 5 (1.55%) IIS
8 3 (0.93%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.93%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.62%) SAS
9 2 (0.62%) TeamSite
10 1 (0.31%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.31%) GlassFish
10 1 (0.31%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.31%) Facebook Platform
10 1 (0.31%) nginx
10 1 (0.31%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.31%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 29 (8.98%) Photoshop
2 9 (2.79%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (2.17%) Fireworks
4 2 (0.62%) OmniGraffle
5 1 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
5 1 (0.31%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 32 (9.91%) Google Analytics
2 11 (3.41%) Magento
3 1 (0.31%) osCommerce
3 1 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.31%) Misys Midas
Cloud Services
1 8 (2.48%) Amazon AWS
2 6 (1.86%) SaaS
3 4 (1.24%) GitHub
3 4 (1.24%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (0.93%) Trello
5 1 (0.31%) MailChimp
5 1 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.02%) HTTP
2 7 (2.17%) Internet
3 2 (0.62%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.31%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (13.93%) SQL Server
2 34 (10.53%) SQL Server 2008
3 19 (5.88%) MongoDB
4 16 (4.95%) MySQL
5 8 (2.48%) SQL Server 2012
6 7 (2.17%) NoSQL
7 6 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 4 (1.24%) Relational Database
9 2 (0.62%) Big Data
10 1 (0.31%) MS Access
10 1 (0.31%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 111 (34.37%) Git (software)
2 61 (18.89%) Subversion
3 39 (12.07%) Mercurial
4 36 (11.15%) TeamCity
5 34 (10.53%) Grunt
5 34 (10.53%) Kiln
6 21 (6.50%) JIRA
7 19 (5.88%) Jasmine
8 17 (5.26%) PhoneGap
9 11 (3.41%) Visual Studio
10 10 (3.10%) Yeoman
10 10 (3.10%) Trac
11 9 (2.79%) Jenkins
12 8 (2.48%) Selenium
13 7 (2.17%) Cucumber
13 7 (2.17%) Karma Test Runner
14 6 (1.86%) Bitbucket
14 6 (1.86%) Capybara
15 5 (1.55%) Moq
15 5 (1.55%) Mocha
General
1 28 (8.67%) Finance
2 15 (4.64%) Banking
3 13 (4.02%) Retail
4 8 (2.48%) Marketing
4 8 (2.48%) Games
5 7 (2.17%) Manufacturing
5 7 (2.17%) Advertising
6 6 (1.86%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.55%) Publishing
8 2 (0.62%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.31%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.31%) Back Office
9 1 (0.31%) Electronics
9 1 (0.31%) Interactive Media
9 1 (0.31%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 308 (95.36%) Developer
2 142 (43.96%) Front-End Developer
3 62 (19.20%) Web Developer
4 37 (11.46%) UI Developer
5 36 (11.15%) JavaScript Developer
6 32 (9.91%) UI Programmer
7 24 (7.43%) Front-End Web Developer
8 18 (5.57%) Drupal Developer
9 14 (4.33%) .NET Developer
10 13 (4.02%) PHP Developer
11 11 (3.41%) Senior Developer
11 11 (3.41%) CSS Developer
12 10 (3.10%) Mobile Developer
12 10 (3.10%) Mobile Web Developer
13 8 (2.48%) Magento Developer
13 8 (2.48%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 8 (2.48%) Designer
13 8 (2.48%) Programmer
14 7 (2.17%) ASP.NET Developer
14 7 (2.17%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 314 (97.21%) CSS
2 299 (92.57%) HTML
3 225 (69.66%) HTML5
4 184 (56.97%) Sass
5 175 (54.18%) jQuery
6 168 (52.01%) CSS3
7 117 (36.22%) AngularJS
8 92 (28.48%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 72 (22.29%) Backbone.js
10 67 (20.74%) Ajax
11 45 (13.93%) .NET
12 40 (12.38%) XHTML
12 40 (12.38%) KnockoutJS
13 39 (12.07%) Web Services
14 35 (10.84%) ASP.NET
15 34 (10.53%) REST
16 32 (9.91%) JSON
17 29 (8.98%) Dojo
18 27 (8.36%) XML
19 26 (8.05%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 16 (4.95%) Mobile App
2 14 (4.33%) Open Source
3 10 (3.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 9 (2.79%) W3C
5 8 (2.48%) Computer Science
6 7 (2.17%) Social Media
7 6 (1.86%) iPhone
8 5 (1.55%) Visualisation
9 4 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (0.93%) Augmented Reality
10 3 (0.93%) iPad
10 3 (0.93%) Video on Demand
10 3 (0.93%) Taxonomies
10 3 (0.93%) Blackberry
11 2 (0.62%) Social Network
11 2 (0.62%) Online Games
11 2 (0.62%) Mobile Banking
11 2 (0.62%) E-Learning
12 1 (0.31%) Digital Media
12 1 (0.31%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 42 (13.00%) Windows
2 29 (8.98%) Windows Server 2003
2 29 (8.98%) Windows Server 2008
3 25 (7.74%) Apple iOS
3 25 (7.74%) Android
4 12 (3.72%) Linux
5 9 (2.79%) Windows Phone 8
5 9 (2.79%) Windows Phone
6 2 (0.62%) UNIX
7 1 (0.31%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 115 (35.60%) TDD
2 96 (29.72%) Agile Software Development
3 91 (28.17%) MVC
4 89 (27.55%) Responsive Web Design
5 77 (23.84%) OO
6 69 (21.36%) Scrum
7 63 (19.50%) E-Commerce
8 53 (16.41%) BDD
8 53 (16.41%) Continuous Integration
9 48 (14.86%) Web Development
10 42 (13.00%) Kanban
11 39 (12.07%) Analytics
11 39 (12.07%) SEO
12 29 (8.98%) Continuous Improvement
13 25 (7.74%) User Acceptance Testing
14 19 (5.88%) Pair Programming
15 18 (5.57%) Unit Testing
16 17 (5.26%) OOP
17 16 (4.95%) Content Management
17 16 (4.95%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 298 (92.26%) JavaScript
2 78 (24.15%) PHP
3 66 (20.43%) C#
4 32 (9.91%) Java
5 16 (4.95%) Ruby
6 10 (3.10%) SQL
7 8 (2.48%) Scala
8 7 (2.17%) C
9 6 (1.86%) XQuery
9 6 (1.86%) XAML
10 5 (1.55%) Python
10 5 (1.55%) T-SQL
11 4 (1.24%) PHP5
11 4 (1.24%) Clojure
11 4 (1.24%) Golang
12 3 (0.93%) ECMAScript
13 1 (0.31%) XPath
13 1 (0.31%) ActionScript
13 1 (0.31%) Perl
13 1 (0.31%) ActionScript 3.0
Qualifications
1 21 (6.50%) Degree
2 1 (0.31%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.02%) QA
2 6 (1.86%) WCAG
3 2 (0.62%) WAI
System Software
1 3 (0.93%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 2 (0.62%) Puppet
2 1 (0.31%) logstash
2 1 (0.31%) Kibana
2 1 (0.31%) Nagios
Vendors
1 39 (12.07%) Google
2 32 (9.91%) Twitter
3 29 (8.98%) Venda
4 22 (6.81%) Zend
5 12 (3.72%) Adobe
6 8 (2.48%) Microsoft
6 8 (2.48%) hybris
7 6 (1.86%) Facebook
8 4 (1.24%) Apple
9 2 (0.62%) ATG
9 2 (0.62%) Sun
9 2 (0.62%) Interwoven
9 2 (0.62%) Sencha
10 1 (0.31%) SAP
10 1 (0.31%) Perforce
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