The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 24 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 395 428 487
Rank change year-on-year
+33 +59
Contract jobs citing LESS 274 198 124
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.51% 0.37% 0.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.84% 1.36% 0.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 207 127 90
Median daily rate £400 £350 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -3.44%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £215 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £340 £296
% change year-on-year
+17.64% +14.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Median hourly rate - £17.86 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £17.86 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14868 14585 14718
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.77% 26.94% 27.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 10530 9574 9788
Median daily rate £420 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.38% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £270
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 203 179
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £17.00 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.53 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.50 £37.80 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-8.73% +8.00%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 May 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +62 261 £400 +14.28% 149
London +48 178 £409 +16.85% 72
City of London +46 34 £418 +23.70% 8
Yorkshire +25 28 £450 +69.01% 12
West Yorkshire +21 28 £450 +96.72% 5
Leeds +7 22 £450 +96.72% 4
South East +1 22 £300 -11.76% 11
East of England +19 16 £400 - 11
Scotland -4 11 £350 -6.66% 3
Hertfordshire +13 10 £438 - 2
Bradford - 10 £450 -
Edinburgh -8 8 £400 +6.66% 1
West Midlands -2 6 £350 +18.64% 5
Berkshire -9 6 £255 +13.96% 2
Essex - 6 £400 - 1
South West -6 5 £275 -20.00% 10
Buckinghamshire - 5 £238 - 1
Surrey -8 4 £325 -18.75% 1
Milton Keynes - 4 £238 -
Glasgow +8 3 £300 - 2
East Midlands +4 3 £300 -14.28% 5
Bristol -4 3 £275 -8.33% 6
Kent - 3 £300 - 1
Leicestershire - 3 £300 - 2
Leicester - 3 £300 -
Coventry - 3 - -
Worcestershire - 3 £350 -
Somerset +13 2 £275 -24.13%
Slough +10 2 - -
Manchester -9 2 £350 -3.44% 10

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 24 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 514 (96.07%) CSS
2 496 (92.71%) JavaScript
3 473 (88.41%) HTML
4 438 (81.87%) Sass
5 406 (75.89%) HTML5
6 347 (64.86%) AngularJS
7 327 (61.12%) CSS3
8 270 (50.47%) Agile Software Development
9 228 (42.62%) jQuery
9 228 (42.62%) Front End Development
10 205 (38.32%) Node.js
11 197 (36.82%) React
12 174 (32.52%) Git (software)
13 159 (29.72%) User Experience
14 136 (25.42%) Web Development
15 135 (25.23%) Grunt
16 134 (25.05%) Backbone.js
17 132 (24.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 119 (22.24%) TDD
19 105 (19.63%) gulp
20 100 (18.69%) Responsive Web Design
21 93 (17.38%) MVC
21 93 (17.38%) Scrum
22 83 (15.51%) PHP
23 77 (14.39%) Java
24 76 (14.21%) Ajax
25 69 (12.90%) E-Commerce
26 67 (12.52%) .NET
26 67 (12.52%) Web Services
27 64 (11.96%) Jasmine

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 205 (38.32%) Node.js
2 40 (7.48%) CMS
3 22 (4.11%) WordPress
4 11 (2.06%) Confluence
4 11 (2.06%) IIS
5 10 (1.87%) Drupal
6 9 (1.68%) WebSphere
7 7 (1.31%) Umbraco
8 6 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
8 6 (1.12%) Sitecore CMS
9 5 (0.93%) ColdFusion
10 4 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.75%) Apache
10 4 (0.75%) NServiceBus
10 4 (0.75%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.56%) Alfresco
11 3 (0.56%) EPiServer CMS
11 3 (0.56%) Joomla!
11 3 (0.56%) Mule
11 3 (0.56%) nginx
Applications
1 46 (8.60%) Photoshop
2 18 (3.36%) Adobe Illustrator
3 10 (1.87%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (0.75%) GIMP
5 3 (0.56%) MS Excel
5 3 (0.56%) MS Office
6 2 (0.37%) Fireworks
6 2 (0.37%) InDesign
7 1 (0.19%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (2.24%) Magento
2 2 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 17 (3.18%) GitHub
2 10 (1.87%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (1.68%) Microsoft Azure
4 8 (1.50%) SaaS
5 6 (1.12%) Google Analytics
6 4 (0.75%) Amazon S3
7 3 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 2 (0.37%) CloudFront
8 2 (0.37%) Google Tag Manager
8 2 (0.37%) Heroku
8 2 (0.37%) Route 53
9 1 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.19%) AdWords
9 1 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.19%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.87%) HTTP
2 6 (1.12%) Internet
2 6 (1.12%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.37%) SSH
4 1 (0.19%) DHCP
4 1 (0.19%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (11.59%) MongoDB
2 47 (8.79%) MySQL
3 45 (8.41%) SQL Server
4 21 (3.93%) CouchDB
5 19 (3.55%) NoSQL
6 9 (1.68%) Redis
7 8 (1.50%) Relational Database
8 5 (0.93%) DB2
9 4 (0.75%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (0.75%) RDBMS
10 3 (0.56%) Azure SQL Database
10 3 (0.56%) Big Data
11 2 (0.37%) SQL Server 2008
12 1 (0.19%) Data Warehouse
12 1 (0.19%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 174 (32.52%) Git (software)
2 135 (25.23%) Grunt
3 105 (19.63%) gulp
4 64 (11.96%) Jasmine
5 49 (9.16%) Subversion
6 42 (7.85%) Karma Test Runner
7 37 (6.92%) Jenkins
7 37 (6.92%) JIRA
8 33 (6.17%) Mocha
9 30 (5.61%) Bower
10 21 (3.93%) Cucumber
10 21 (3.93%) Selenium
11 20 (3.74%) Mercurial
12 15 (2.80%) Visual Studio
13 14 (2.62%) webpack
14 12 (2.24%) WebDriver
15 11 (2.06%) Protractor
16 10 (1.87%) PhantomJS
16 10 (1.87%) Vagrant
17 9 (1.68%) Ant
General
1 57 (10.65%) Finance
2 20 (3.74%) Games
3 12 (2.24%) Marketing
3 12 (2.24%) Retail
4 7 (1.31%) Advertising
4 7 (1.31%) Publishing
5 5 (0.93%) Banking
5 5 (0.93%) Telecoms
6 3 (0.56%) Financial Institution
6 3 (0.56%) Interactive Media
7 2 (0.37%) Law
8 1 (0.19%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.19%) Legal
8 1 (0.19%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 508 (94.95%) Developer
2 215 (40.19%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 162 (30.28%) JavaScript Developer
4 78 (14.58%) UI Developer
5 65 (12.15%) Angular Developer
5 65 (12.15%) Web Developer
6 46 (8.60%) HTML Developer
7 45 (8.41%) Node.js Developer
7 45 (8.41%) Senior Developer
8 41 (7.66%) HTML CSS Developer
9 38 (7.10%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 35 (6.54%) Full Stack Developer
11 29 (5.42%) Java Developer
12 24 (4.49%) PHP Developer
13 23 (4.30%) Senior JavaScript Developer
13 23 (4.30%) UX Developer
14 18 (3.36%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 15 (2.80%) .NET Developer
15 15 (2.80%) Software Developer
16 13 (2.43%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 514 (96.07%) CSS
2 473 (88.41%) HTML
3 438 (81.87%) Sass
4 406 (75.89%) HTML5
5 347 (64.86%) AngularJS
6 327 (61.12%) CSS3
7 228 (42.62%) jQuery
8 197 (36.82%) React
9 134 (25.05%) Backbone.js
10 132 (24.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 76 (14.21%) Ajax
12 67 (12.52%) .NET
12 67 (12.52%) Web Services
13 60 (11.21%) Ember.js
13 60 (11.21%) RESTful
14 55 (10.28%) KnockoutJS
15 44 (8.22%) REST
16 43 (8.04%) ASP.NET
17 42 (7.85%) JSON
18 41 (7.66%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 159 (29.72%) User Experience
2 47 (8.79%) Mobile App
3 25 (4.67%) iPad
4 24 (4.49%) Fintech
5 16 (2.99%) W3C
6 13 (2.43%) Computer Science
7 12 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
8 10 (1.87%) Online Games
9 9 (1.68%) Visualisation
10 8 (1.50%) Animation
11 7 (1.31%) Social Media
12 6 (1.12%) New Media
12 6 (1.12%) NHS
13 5 (0.93%) Analytical Skills
13 5 (0.93%) Web 2.0
14 3 (0.56%) Algorithms
14 3 (0.56%) Data Structures
14 3 (0.56%) Internet of Things
14 3 (0.56%) Video on Demand
15 2 (0.37%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 38 (7.10%) Linux
2 35 (6.54%) Windows
3 7 (1.31%) Windows 8
4 6 (1.12%) Unix
4 6 (1.12%) Windows Server
5 5 (0.93%) Android
6 4 (0.75%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.37%) Solaris
9 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 270 (50.47%) Agile Software Development
2 228 (42.62%) Front End Development
3 136 (25.42%) Web Development
4 119 (22.24%) TDD
5 100 (18.69%) Responsive Web Design
6 93 (17.38%) MVC
6 93 (17.38%) Scrum
7 69 (12.90%) E-Commerce
8 61 (11.40%) OO
9 56 (10.47%) Unit Testing
10 54 (10.09%) Web Design
11 52 (9.72%) BDD
12 42 (7.85%) SEO
13 34 (6.36%) Wireframes
14 31 (5.79%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 28 (5.23%) Continuous Integration
15 28 (5.23%) Progressive Enhancement
16 26 (4.86%) Pair Programming
17 24 (4.49%) Mobile First
18 22 (4.11%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 496 (92.71%) JavaScript
2 83 (15.51%) PHP
3 77 (14.39%) Java
4 50 (9.35%) ES6
5 41 (7.66%) C#
6 26 (4.86%) SQL
7 23 (4.30%) ECMAScript
8 20 (3.74%) TypeScript
9 13 (2.43%) C
9 13 (2.43%) XPath
10 10 (1.87%) Python
11 7 (1.31%) PHP 5
11 7 (1.31%) Ruby
12 6 (1.12%) CoffeeScript
12 6 (1.12%) JSX
13 3 (0.56%) Apple Swift
13 3 (0.56%) Bash Shell
13 3 (0.56%) Clojure
13 3 (0.56%) Haskell
13 3 (0.56%) XAML
Qualifications
1 18 (3.36%) Degree
2 10 (1.87%) Security Cleared
3 6 (1.12%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.19%) A+ Certification
4 1 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (0.75%) QA
2 3 (0.56%) WCAG
3 2 (0.37%) WAI
4 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 4 (0.75%) Docker
2 3 (0.56%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.19%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 5 (0.93%) Puppet
2 3 (0.56%) Kibana
Vendors
1 33 (6.17%) Adobe
2 23 (4.30%) Microsoft
3 20 (3.74%) Twitter
4 12 (2.24%) IBM
5 11 (2.06%) Facebook
6 9 (1.68%) Oracle
7 7 (1.31%) Google
7 7 (1.31%) SAP
8 6 (1.12%) EPiServer
8 6 (1.12%) Sitecore
9 3 (0.56%) DevExpress
9 3 (0.56%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.56%) Telerik
9 3 (0.56%) Zend
10 2 (0.37%) Brightcove
10 2 (0.37%) CA
10 2 (0.37%) FatWire
10 2 (0.37%) Omniture
10 2 (0.37%) Rally
10 2 (0.37%) Sun
South East London
Next Ventures Ltd
Rate: Unspecified £Competitive (market rates)
Posted: 1 hour ago
London and South East
Next Ventures Limited
Rate: £Competitive (market rates)
Posted: 2 hours ago
Oldham, Lancashire
Chassam Contract
Rate: £28,000 per annum 12 Months Fixed Term Contract
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £400 - £450 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Faringdon, Oxfordshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
Avion Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £0 - £220 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
York, North Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £350 - £420 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Salt
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds
Real Staffing
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Central London / West End
MPower+
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Circle Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Venturi
Rate: £280 - £320 per day
Posted: 11 days ago
Essex
Ciber UK
Posted: 17 days ago
London
Vivid Resourcing
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 18 days ago
London
Client Server
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 27 days ago