The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 20 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
20 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
Rank 388 395 455
Rank change year-on-year
+7 +60
Contract jobs citing LESS 214 238 149
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.48% 0.47% 0.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.55% 1.62% 1.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 143 165 121
Median daily rate £415 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+10.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £302 £300 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £512 £550 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £340
% change year-on-year
+14.28% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 9 0
Median hourly rate - £31.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13765 14661 13927
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 30.75% 28.86% 27.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 9459 10107 9416
Median daily rate £425 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +1.26%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 261 184
Median hourly rate £38.00 £38.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +11.76%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.50 £20.50 £20.93
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £55.64 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.50 £33.50
% change year-on-year
- +11.94%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 20 January 2017.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 20 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 196 £420 +12.00% 138
London +3 116 £425 +4.93% 69
Yorkshire +15 22 £340 +9.07% 15
Leeds +21 20 £340 +11.47% 6
West Yorkshire +18 20 £340 +9.67% 9
South East +4 20 £441 +10.31% 11
City of London +6 19 £425 +9.67% 10
Scotland +37 17 £400 - 1
Edinburgh +26 15 £400 - 1
Surrey +22 11 £450 +20.00% 3
East of England +1 11 £450 +15.38% 10
North West +14 8 £500 +40.84% 14
South West -2 8 £350 +9.37% 5
Woking - 8 £451 -
East Midlands +8 7 £283 -37.22% 3
Manchester +5 6 £506 +42.60% 7
Berkshire +17 5 £339 +93.57% 1
Suffolk - 5 £455 -
Ipswich - 5 £455 -
Essex +1 4 £260 -25.71% 1
Bristol -6 4 £325 +41.30% 1
Reading - 4 £339 -
Leicestershire +3 3 £283 -37.22% 2
West Midlands -8 3 £300 -14.28% 10
Birmingham - 3 £300 - 3
Milton Keynes -1 2 - -
Buckinghamshire -6 2 - -
Oxfordshire -10 2 £400 - 2
Glasgow - 2 - -
Northamptonshire - 2 - - 1

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 January 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 534 (96.22%) CSS
2 495 (89.19%) HTML
3 484 (87.21%) JavaScript
4 471 (84.86%) Sass
5 377 (67.93%) HTML5
6 354 (63.78%) CSS3
7 302 (54.41%) AngularJS
8 291 (52.43%) Agile Software Development
9 280 (50.45%) Front End Development
10 219 (39.46%) jQuery
11 186 (33.51%) Git (software)
12 184 (33.15%) React
13 174 (31.35%) Node.js
14 170 (30.63%) Grunt
15 146 (26.31%) TDD
16 143 (25.77%) Web Development
17 124 (22.34%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 119 (21.44%) Responsive Web Design
19 113 (20.36%) User Experience
20 103 (18.56%) gulp
20 103 (18.56%) C#
21 100 (18.02%) MVC
22 96 (17.30%) .NET
23 95 (17.12%) RESTful
24 88 (15.86%) OO
24 88 (15.86%) Scrum
25 84 (15.14%) Jasmine
26 78 (14.05%) Backbone.js
27 77 (13.87%) Continuous Integration
28 75 (13.51%) BDD

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.41%) Confluence
2 24 (4.32%) CMS
3 10 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (1.44%) WordPress
5 5 (0.90%) Umbraco
6 4 (0.72%) JBoss
6 4 (0.72%) WebSphere
7 3 (0.54%) Drupal
7 3 (0.54%) EPiServer CMS
7 3 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
7 3 (0.54%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.54%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.36%) Apache
8 2 (0.36%) IIS
9 1 (0.18%) Documentum
9 1 (0.18%) GlassFish
9 1 (0.18%) SharePoint
Applications
1 52 (9.37%) Photoshop
2 11 (1.98%) GIMP
3 8 (1.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 7 (1.26%) Pixelmator
5 2 (0.36%) InVision
5 2 (0.36%) MS Excel
6 1 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.18%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 8 (1.44%) Magento
2 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 22 (3.96%) SaaS
2 20 (3.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (3.42%) Amazon AWS
4 15 (2.70%) PaaS
5 12 (2.16%) GitHub
5 12 (2.16%) IaaS
6 11 (1.98%) Amazon Kinesis
6 11 (1.98%) AWS CloudFormation
6 11 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
7 4 (0.72%) Heroku
8 3 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (0.54%) Google Analytics
8 3 (0.54%) Google Tag Manager
9 1 (0.18%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.18%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.18%) CloudFront
9 1 (0.18%) Office 365
9 1 (0.18%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.42%) HTTP
2 11 (1.98%) DNS
3 10 (1.80%) SSL
4 4 (0.72%) Internet
4 4 (0.72%) Network Security
5 2 (0.36%) DSL
5 2 (0.36%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 2 (0.36%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.18%) LDAP
6 1 (0.18%) Skype
6 1 (0.18%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (4.86%) SQL Server
2 19 (3.42%) MySQL
3 11 (1.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 7 (1.26%) NoSQL
5 6 (1.08%) MongoDB
6 4 (0.72%) Relational Database
6 4 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
7 2 (0.36%) Big Data
7 2 (0.36%) Redis
8 1 (0.18%) BusinessObjects
8 1 (0.18%) CouchDB
8 1 (0.18%) Hadoop
8 1 (0.18%) Hazelcast
8 1 (0.18%) Oracle Database
8 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2012
8 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 186 (33.51%) Git (software)
2 170 (30.63%) Grunt
3 103 (18.56%) gulp
4 84 (15.14%) Jasmine
5 54 (9.73%) Bower
6 50 (9.01%) Karma Test Runner
7 45 (8.11%) JIRA
8 36 (6.49%) Jenkins
9 35 (6.31%) Subversion
10 28 (5.05%) webpack
11 27 (4.86%) Team Foundation Server
12 24 (4.32%) Mocha
12 24 (4.32%) NuGet
12 24 (4.32%) Selenium
13 23 (4.14%) Cucumber
14 22 (3.96%) Protractor
15 20 (3.60%) Octopus Deploy
16 16 (2.88%) Gatling
16 16 (2.88%) WebDriver
17 15 (2.70%) JSHint
General
1 55 (9.91%) Finance
2 37 (6.67%) Banking
3 21 (3.78%) Retail
4 12 (2.16%) Investment Banking
4 12 (2.16%) Marketing
5 9 (1.62%) Advertising
5 9 (1.62%) Front Office
6 6 (1.08%) Back Office
6 6 (1.08%) Publishing
7 5 (0.90%) Games
8 4 (0.72%) Czech Language
8 4 (0.72%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.36%) Automotive
9 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.18%) Arabic Language
10 1 (0.18%) Electronics
10 1 (0.18%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.18%) Legal
10 1 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 516 (92.97%) Developer
2 280 (50.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 135 (24.32%) JavaScript Developer
4 75 (13.51%) Angular Developer
5 71 (12.79%) Web Developer
6 63 (11.35%) HTML Developer
7 61 (10.99%) Senior Developer
8 52 (9.37%) HTML CSS Developer
9 48 (8.65%) UI Developer
10 45 (8.11%) .NET Developer
11 34 (6.13%) Full Stack Developer
12 33 (5.95%) C# Developer
12 33 (5.95%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 28 (5.05%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 23 (4.14%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 22 (3.96%) C# .NET Developer
16 18 (3.24%) Agile Developer
17 16 (2.88%) Node.js Developer
18 14 (2.52%) UX Developer
19 13 (2.34%) C# Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 534 (96.22%) CSS
2 495 (89.19%) HTML
3 471 (84.86%) Sass
4 377 (67.93%) HTML5
5 354 (63.78%) CSS3
6 302 (54.41%) AngularJS
7 219 (39.46%) jQuery
8 184 (33.15%) React
9 174 (31.35%) Node.js
10 124 (22.34%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 96 (17.30%) .NET
12 95 (17.12%) RESTful
13 78 (14.05%) Backbone.js
14 71 (12.79%) Ajax
15 64 (11.53%) Web Services
16 60 (10.81%) KnockoutJS
17 54 (9.73%) ASP.NET
17 54 (9.73%) JSON
18 48 (8.65%) ASP.NET Web API
19 39 (7.03%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 113 (20.36%) User Experience
2 14 (2.52%) Graphic Design
3 13 (2.34%) W3C
4 11 (1.98%) Mobile App
5 10 (1.80%) Fintech
5 10 (1.80%) Social Media
6 8 (1.44%) Digital Media
7 7 (1.26%) Computer Science
8 6 (1.08%) Animation
8 6 (1.08%) Hedge funds
9 5 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (0.90%) Video on Demand
10 4 (0.72%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.72%) NHS
10 4 (0.72%) Telematics
10 4 (0.72%) Visualisation
11 3 (0.54%) Data Structures
11 3 (0.54%) Internet of Things
11 3 (0.54%) Minimum Viable Product
12 2 (0.36%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 19 (3.42%) Linux
2 12 (2.16%) Windows
3 5 (0.90%) Apple iOS
3 5 (0.90%) Unix
4 4 (0.72%) Android
5 3 (0.54%) Windows Server
5 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.18%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 291 (52.43%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (50.45%) Front End Development
3 146 (26.31%) TDD
4 143 (25.77%) Web Development
5 119 (21.44%) Responsive Web Design
6 100 (18.02%) MVC
7 88 (15.86%) OO
7 88 (15.86%) Scrum
8 77 (13.87%) Continuous Integration
9 75 (13.51%) BDD
10 57 (10.27%) E-Commerce
11 53 (9.55%) Kanban
12 42 (7.57%) OOP
13 40 (7.21%) Web Design
14 39 (7.03%) Software Engineering
15 38 (6.85%) Pair Programming
16 37 (6.67%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
16 37 (6.67%) Wireframes
17 35 (6.31%) Unit Testing
18 33 (5.95%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 484 (87.21%) JavaScript
2 103 (18.56%) C#
3 63 (11.35%) PHP
4 54 (9.73%) Java
5 48 (8.65%) ES6
6 32 (5.77%) TypeScript
7 16 (2.88%) SQL
8 13 (2.34%) Python
8 13 (2.34%) Ruby
9 4 (0.72%) ECMAScript
10 3 (0.54%) Bash Shell
11 2 (0.36%) PL/SQL
11 2 (0.36%) Scala
12 1 (0.18%) C
12 1 (0.18%) Clojure
12 1 (0.18%) Erlang
12 1 (0.18%) Haskell
12 1 (0.18%) Lisp
12 1 (0.18%) Perl
12 1 (0.18%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 26 (4.68%) Security Cleared
2 20 (3.60%) SC Cleared
3 17 (3.06%) Degree
4 4 (0.72%) MBA
5 3 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.18%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (1.98%) WAI
2 9 (1.62%) WCAG
3 5 (0.90%) QA
4 3 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.54%) SDET
5 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 13 (2.34%) Docker
Systems Management
1 1 (0.18%) Puppet
1 1 (0.18%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 28 (5.05%) Adobe
2 21 (3.78%) Microsoft
3 8 (1.44%) Zend
4 6 (1.08%) EPiServer
4 6 (1.08%) Oracle
5 4 (0.72%) Google
5 4 (0.72%) hybris
5 4 (0.72%) IBM
6 3 (0.54%) Atlassian
6 3 (0.54%) Brightcove
6 3 (0.54%) Sitecore
6 3 (0.54%) Twitter
7 2 (0.36%) Cisco
7 2 (0.36%) Perforce
8 1 (0.18%) EMC
8 1 (0.18%) FatWire
8 1 (0.18%) OpenText
8 1 (0.18%) SAP
8 1 (0.18%) Sybase
8 1 (0.18%) TOWER Software
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