The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 17 April 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
17 Apr 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 391 422 520
Rank change year-on-year
+31 +98
Contract jobs citing LESS 211 181 44
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.38% 0.32% 0.091%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.42% 1.19% 0.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 130 37
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £338 £330
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.70% +2.27%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £237 £297 £278
10% offered a daily rate of more than £508 £448 £404
UK excluding London average daily rate £345 £300 £325
% change year-on-year
+15.00% -7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Average hourly rate £17.86 - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £17.86 - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14870 15193 13060
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 26.61% 26.95% 26.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 9632 9759 8160
Average daily rate £388 £375 £370
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% +1.35%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £263 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £515 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £330 £325
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 228 362
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.86 £18.00 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £55.00 £44.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.00 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+2.85% -

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 17 April 2015.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 17 April 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 197 £350 +3.70% 80
London +2 126 £375 +7.14% 40
City of London +38 38 £375 -17.58% 15
East Midlands - 17 £420 - 4
South East -14 16 £350 +180.00% 11
Yorkshire -5 15 £225 -35.71% 9
Scotland +10 11 £363 +45.00% 7
South West -6 11 £325 +8.33% 8
Berkshire +12 9 £350 +180.00% 3
Hull - 6 £206 -
Edinburgh - 6 £331 - 5
East Yorkshire - 6 £206 -
North West -14 5 £250 -13.04% 5
East of England +16 4 £344 -11.00% 2
Manchester -5 4 £250 -13.04% 2
West Yorkshire -9 4 £229 -34.64% 6
West Midlands -12 4 £275 -6.77%
Leeds -14 4 £229 -34.64% 3
Bristol -14 4 £300 - 1
Reading +7 3 £350 +75.00% 1
Somerset -1 3 £363 +9.43% 2
Glasgow -3 3 £400 +60.00% 1
Birmingham - 3 £300 -
West Sussex - 3 £450 - 1
Worthing - 3 £450 - 1
Cambridgeshire +3 2 £388 +10.71%
Yeovil - 2 £363 -
Surrey - 2 £400 - 1
Devon - 2 - -
Essex +12 1 - -

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 April 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 354 (98.33%) CSS
2 340 (94.44%) HTML
3 327 (90.83%) JavaScript
4 301 (83.61%) HTML5
5 279 (77.50%) Sass
6 256 (71.11%) CSS3
7 194 (53.89%) AngularJS
8 193 (53.61%) jQuery
9 145 (40.28%) Backbone.js
10 114 (31.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 106 (29.44%) Agile Software Development
12 104 (28.89%) Responsive Web Design
13 100 (27.78%) OO
14 98 (27.22%) User Experience
15 90 (25.00%) Node.js
16 80 (22.22%) Git (software)
17 76 (21.11%) MVC
18 66 (18.33%) Ajax
19 64 (17.78%) PHP
20 61 (16.94%) TDD
21 60 (16.67%) Grunt
22 58 (16.11%) Web Development
23 54 (15.00%) JSON
23 54 (15.00%) Jasmine
24 46 (12.78%) Ember.js
24 46 (12.78%) .NET
25 43 (11.94%) Photoshop
25 43 (11.94%) REST
26 42 (11.67%) KnockoutJS
27 41 (11.39%) Java

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 17 April 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 90 (25.00%) Node.js
2 27 (7.50%) CMS
3 18 (5.00%) WordPress
4 15 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (3.89%) Umbraco
6 10 (2.78%) nginx
7 9 (2.50%) Drupal
8 6 (1.67%) Apache Solr
8 6 (1.67%) Adobe CQ
9 5 (1.39%) Moodle
9 5 (1.39%) FileNet
10 4 (1.11%) Apache
10 4 (1.11%) ExpressionEngine
10 4 (1.11%) Liferay
11 3 (0.83%) Confluence
12 2 (0.56%) IIS
12 2 (0.56%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.56%) Sitecore CMS
12 2 (0.56%) Lightstreamer
13 1 (0.28%) Facebook Platform
Applications
1 43 (11.94%) Photoshop
2 11 (3.06%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (1.67%) Fireworks
4 4 (1.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (2.50%) Magento
2 4 (1.11%) Tridion
3 3 (0.83%) Google Analytics
3 3 (0.83%) osCommerce
4 1 (0.28%) WebTrends
4 1 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 8 (2.22%) Microsoft Azure
1 8 (2.22%) GitHub
2 4 (1.11%) SaaS
3 3 (0.83%) MailChimp
3 3 (0.83%) Amazon AWS
4 2 (0.56%) Google App Engine
4 2 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
4 2 (0.56%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
4 2 (0.56%) PaaS
4 2 (0.56%) Heroku
5 1 (0.28%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 22 (6.11%) HTTP
2 11 (3.06%) Internet
3 3 (0.83%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.56%) Intranet
5 1 (0.28%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (6.67%) MongoDB
2 23 (6.39%) MySQL
2 23 (6.39%) SQL Server
3 18 (5.00%) NoSQL
4 11 (3.06%) Apache Cassandra
5 10 (2.78%) SQL Server 2008
6 9 (2.50%) Redis
7 6 (1.67%) Triplestore
8 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2012
9 4 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.83%) PostgreSQL
11 2 (0.56%) Azure SQL Database
12 1 (0.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 1 (0.28%) Jackrabbit
12 1 (0.28%) Neo4j
12 1 (0.28%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 80 (22.22%) Git (software)
2 60 (16.67%) Grunt
3 54 (15.00%) Jasmine
4 36 (10.00%) Bower
5 31 (8.61%) Subversion
6 24 (6.67%) Selenium
7 22 (6.11%) Cucumber
7 22 (6.11%) Karma Test Runner
8 21 (5.83%) WebDriver
9 18 (5.00%) Mocha
10 9 (2.50%) QUnit
11 7 (1.94%) Sinon.JS
11 7 (1.94%) Visual Studio
12 6 (1.67%) Bitbucket
13 5 (1.39%) JIRA
13 5 (1.39%) Eclipse
13 5 (1.39%) Dreamweaver
13 5 (1.39%) JSUnit
14 4 (1.11%) Team Foundation Server
14 4 (1.11%) NUnit
General
1 33 (9.17%) Finance
2 19 (5.28%) Retail
3 18 (5.00%) Banking
4 11 (3.06%) Investment Banking
5 10 (2.78%) Marketing
6 9 (2.50%) Publishing
7 8 (2.22%) Games
8 6 (1.67%) Advertising
9 5 (1.39%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.28%) Legal
10 1 (0.28%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.28%) Front Office
10 1 (0.28%) Back Office
10 1 (0.28%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 334 (92.78%) Developer
2 188 (52.22%) Front-End Developer
3 60 (16.67%) JavaScript Developer
4 45 (12.50%) Web Developer
5 35 (9.72%) UI Developer
5 35 (9.72%) UI Programmer
6 20 (5.56%) Front-End Web Developer
7 17 (4.72%) .NET Developer
8 15 (4.17%) Senior Developer
9 9 (2.50%) Designer
10 8 (2.22%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 8 (2.22%) PHP Developer
11 7 (1.94%) Node.js Developer
12 6 (1.67%) Full Stack Developer
12 6 (1.67%) Java Developer
13 4 (1.11%) Junior Developer
13 4 (1.11%) Junior
13 4 (1.11%) HTML Developer
13 4 (1.11%) UI Designer
13 4 (1.11%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 354 (98.33%) CSS
2 340 (94.44%) HTML
3 301 (83.61%) HTML5
4 279 (77.50%) Sass
5 256 (71.11%) CSS3
6 194 (53.89%) AngularJS
7 193 (53.61%) jQuery
8 145 (40.28%) Backbone.js
9 114 (31.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 66 (18.33%) Ajax
11 54 (15.00%) JSON
12 46 (12.78%) .NET
12 46 (12.78%) Ember.js
13 43 (11.94%) REST
14 42 (11.67%) KnockoutJS
15 28 (7.78%) D3.js
16 24 (6.67%) Web Services
17 21 (5.83%) ASP.NET
17 21 (5.83%) RESTful
18 19 (5.28%) Ext JS
Miscellaneous
1 98 (27.22%) User Experience
2 21 (5.83%) Mobile App
3 16 (4.44%) W3C
4 7 (1.94%) Digital Media
5 6 (1.67%) Client/Server
5 6 (1.67%) Computer Science
5 6 (1.67%) Online Games
5 6 (1.67%) Visualisation
6 5 (1.39%) Analytical Skills
7 4 (1.11%) RIA
8 3 (0.83%) Smartphone
8 3 (0.83%) Graphic Design
8 3 (0.83%) Human Factors
8 3 (0.83%) iPad
9 2 (0.56%) Social Media
9 2 (0.56%) Open Source
9 2 (0.56%) FMCG
9 2 (0.56%) iPhone
9 2 (0.56%) Animation
9 2 (0.56%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 16 (4.44%) Linux
2 13 (3.61%) Windows
3 10 (2.78%) Android
4 8 (2.22%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.83%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.56%) Windows Phone
7 1 (0.28%) CentOS
7 1 (0.28%) Solaris
7 1 (0.28%) UNIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (29.44%) Agile Software Development
2 104 (28.89%) Responsive Web Design
3 100 (27.78%) OO
4 76 (21.11%) MVC
5 61 (16.94%) TDD
6 58 (16.11%) Web Development
7 40 (11.11%) BDD
8 35 (9.72%) E-Commerce
9 33 (9.17%) Web Design
10 32 (8.89%) Scrum
11 25 (6.94%) Unit Testing
12 21 (5.83%) Continuous Integration
13 18 (5.00%) Progressive Enhancement
14 15 (4.17%) DevOps
15 11 (3.06%) Mobile Development
15 11 (3.06%) Mobile Application Development
15 11 (3.06%) Kanban
16 10 (2.78%) SEO
17 9 (2.50%) Graceful Degradation
17 9 (2.50%) MVVM
Programming Languages
1 327 (90.83%) JavaScript
2 64 (17.78%) PHP
3 41 (11.39%) Java
4 36 (10.00%) C#
5 13 (3.61%) C
6 12 (3.33%) Scala
7 11 (3.06%) SQL
8 10 (2.78%) Ruby
9 9 (2.50%) TypeScript
10 7 (1.94%) Python
11 6 (1.67%) Clojure
11 6 (1.67%) SPARQL
12 5 (1.39%) CoffeeScript
13 3 (0.83%) Dart
13 3 (0.83%) VB
14 2 (0.56%) VB.NET
14 2 (0.56%) PHP5
14 2 (0.56%) F#
14 2 (0.56%) T-SQL
15 1 (0.28%) C++
Qualifications
1 15 (4.17%) Degree
2 2 (0.56%) CIPD
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.50%) QA
2 3 (0.83%) WCAG
Systems Management
1 9 (2.50%) Puppet
1 9 (2.50%) Ansible
2 1 (0.28%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 27 (7.50%) Adobe
2 12 (3.33%) Google
2 12 (3.33%) Twitter
3 11 (3.06%) Microsoft
4 9 (2.50%) IBM
5 8 (2.22%) Zend
6 4 (1.11%) Sitecore
6 4 (1.11%) Facebook
6 4 (1.11%) Oracle
7 3 (0.83%) EPiServer
8 2 (0.56%) Appcelerator
8 2 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.28%) FatWire
9 1 (0.28%) VMware
9 1 (0.28%) Alterian
9 1 (0.28%) Omniture
9 1 (0.28%) SAP
9 1 (0.28%) Xamarin
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