The first table below looks at the demand for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 28 July 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
28 Jul 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 459 485 551
Rank change year-on-year
+26 +66
Contract jobs citing LESS 145 80 32
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.27% 0.16% 0.055%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.96% 0.56% 0.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 86 55 19
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £325 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% -13.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £275 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £490 £458 £465
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £310 £275
% change year-on-year
+12.90% +12.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Average hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate - - -
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15100 14239 14923
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.62% 27.86% 25.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 9730 9049 9104
Average daily rate £375 £375 £360
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £543
UK excluding London average daily rate £338 £325 £324
% change year-on-year
+3.84% +0.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 221 291 365
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.70 £20.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
+2.94% +4.61%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 July 2014.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 July 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +57 143 £375 +14.50% 67
London +9 65 £438 +27.73% 40
East of England 0 30 £328 -12.66% 5
Bedfordshire - 20 £275 -
Luton - 18 £275 -
South West - 13 £350 - 5
City of London +2 11 £438 +34.61% 7
North West 0 10 £375 +19.04% 8
Bristol - 9 £350 - 3
Cambridgeshire -4 8 £360 -4.00% 3
South East -20 7 £325 -13.33% 5
Manchester -1 6 £375 +25.00% 4
West Midlands -5 6 £295 +12.38%
East Midlands - 6 £480 - 1
Hampshire - 5 £350 - 1
Cheshire +5 4 £325 +1.56% 4
Cambridge -4 4 £360 -4.00%
Chester - 4 £325 - 1
Somerset - 3 £310 - 1
Yorkshire - 3 £325 - 3
West Yorkshire - 2 £330 - 2
Leeds - 2 £330 - 1
Hertfordshire - 2 £330 - 2
Bath - 2 - -
Exeter - 1 - - 1
Guildford - 1 £325 -
Watford - 1 - -
Buckinghamshire - 1 £288 -
Leicestershire - 1 - -
Devon - 1 - - 1

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 304 (97.12%) CSS
2 288 (92.01%) JavaScript
3 286 (91.37%) HTML
4 219 (69.97%) HTML5
5 178 (56.87%) Sass
6 172 (54.95%) CSS3
7 158 (50.48%) jQuery
8 109 (34.82%) AngularJS
9 106 (33.87%) TDD
10 95 (30.35%) Git (software)
11 92 (29.39%) MVC
12 91 (29.07%) Responsive Web Design
13 88 (28.12%) OO
14 82 (26.20%) Agile Software Development
15 80 (25.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 74 (23.64%) Ajax
17 71 (22.68%) PHP
18 66 (21.09%) Backbone.js
19 63 (20.13%) Subversion
20 60 (19.17%) Scrum
21 54 (17.25%) E-Commerce
22 53 (16.93%) C#
23 47 (15.02%) Node.js
24 44 (14.06%) KnockoutJS
25 43 (13.74%) BDD
25 43 (13.74%) .NET
26 41 (13.10%) Web Development
27 40 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
28 39 (12.46%) Web Services
29 35 (11.18%) SQL Server

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 28 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 47 (15.02%) Node.js
2 35 (11.18%) CMS
3 29 (9.27%) Umbraco
4 18 (5.75%) Drupal
5 11 (3.51%) Apache
6 6 (1.92%) WordPress
6 6 (1.92%) Confluence
7 5 (1.60%) IIS
8 3 (0.96%) SharePoint 2013
8 3 (0.96%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.64%) TeamSite
10 1 (0.32%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.32%) GlassFish
10 1 (0.32%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.32%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.32%) nginx
10 1 (0.32%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 29 (9.27%) Photoshop
2 9 (2.88%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (2.24%) Fireworks
4 2 (0.64%) OmniGraffle
5 1 (0.32%) MS PowerPoint
5 1 (0.32%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 22 (7.03%) Google Analytics
2 11 (3.51%) Magento
3 2 (0.64%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.64%) Remedy AR System
4 1 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.32%) Misys Midas
4 1 (0.32%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 9 (2.88%) Amazon AWS
2 4 (1.28%) SaaS
2 4 (1.28%) GitHub
3 3 (0.96%) Microsoft Azure
4 2 (0.64%) Trello
5 1 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (0.32%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 12 (3.83%) HTTP
2 7 (2.24%) Internet
3 2 (0.64%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.32%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (11.18%) SQL Server
2 23 (7.35%) SQL Server 2008
3 19 (6.07%) MongoDB
4 14 (4.47%) MySQL
5 7 (2.24%) NoSQL
6 6 (1.92%) SQL Server 2012
6 6 (1.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 4 (1.28%) Relational Database
8 2 (0.64%) Big Data
9 1 (0.32%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 95 (30.35%) Git (software)
2 63 (20.13%) Subversion
3 30 (9.58%) Grunt
4 28 (8.95%) Mercurial
5 25 (7.99%) TeamCity
6 23 (7.35%) Kiln
7 19 (6.07%) JIRA
8 16 (5.11%) Jasmine
9 13 (4.15%) PhoneGap
10 9 (2.88%) Visual Studio
11 8 (2.56%) Selenium
11 8 (2.56%) Jenkins
11 8 (2.56%) Trac
12 7 (2.24%) NUnit
12 7 (2.24%) Karma Test Runner
12 7 (2.24%) Yeoman
13 6 (1.92%) Bitbucket
13 6 (1.92%) Capybara
13 6 (1.92%) Cucumber
13 6 (1.92%) Moq
General
1 30 (9.58%) Finance
2 16 (5.11%) Banking
3 13 (4.15%) Retail
4 8 (2.56%) Games
5 7 (2.24%) Manufacturing
5 7 (2.24%) Marketing
6 6 (1.92%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.60%) Advertising
7 5 (1.60%) Publishing
8 2 (0.64%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.32%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.32%) Back Office
9 1 (0.32%) Electronics
9 1 (0.32%) Interactive Media
9 1 (0.32%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 298 (95.21%) Developer
2 136 (43.45%) Front-End Developer
3 55 (17.57%) Web Developer
4 38 (12.14%) UI Developer
5 36 (11.50%) JavaScript Developer
6 33 (10.54%) UI Programmer
7 25 (7.99%) Front-End Web Developer
8 15 (4.79%) Drupal Developer
9 14 (4.47%) .NET Developer
10 13 (4.15%) PHP Developer
11 10 (3.19%) Senior Developer
12 9 (2.88%) ASP.NET Developer
13 8 (2.56%) Programmer
13 8 (2.56%) Designer
13 8 (2.56%) Magento Developer
14 7 (2.24%) Mobile Web Developer
14 7 (2.24%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 7 (2.24%) Mobile Developer
14 7 (2.24%) CSS Developer
14 7 (2.24%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (97.12%) CSS
2 286 (91.37%) HTML
3 219 (69.97%) HTML5
4 178 (56.87%) Sass
5 172 (54.95%) CSS3
6 158 (50.48%) jQuery
7 109 (34.82%) AngularJS
8 80 (25.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 74 (23.64%) Ajax
10 66 (21.09%) Backbone.js
11 44 (14.06%) KnockoutJS
12 43 (13.74%) .NET
13 39 (12.46%) Web Services
14 34 (10.86%) ASP.NET
14 34 (10.86%) REST
15 32 (10.22%) Dojo
16 31 (9.90%) JSON
16 31 (9.90%) DOM
17 28 (8.95%) XHTML
18 26 (8.31%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 16 (5.11%) Mobile App
2 14 (4.47%) Open Source
3 10 (3.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 8 (2.56%) W3C
5 7 (2.24%) Computer Science
6 6 (1.92%) Social Media
7 4 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (1.28%) iPhone
7 4 (1.28%) Visualisation
8 3 (0.96%) Video on Demand
8 3 (0.96%) Taxonomies
9 2 (0.64%) E-Learning
9 2 (0.64%) Blackberry
9 2 (0.64%) Augmented Reality
9 2 (0.64%) Social Network
9 2 (0.64%) Online Games
9 2 (0.64%) Mobile Banking
9 2 (0.64%) iPad
10 1 (0.32%) Blog
10 1 (0.32%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 30 (9.58%) Windows
2 21 (6.71%) Android
2 21 (6.71%) Apple iOS
3 19 (6.07%) Windows Server 2008
3 19 (6.07%) Windows Server 2003
4 12 (3.83%) Linux
5 6 (1.92%) Windows Phone 8
5 6 (1.92%) Windows Phone
6 2 (0.64%) UNIX
7 1 (0.32%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (33.87%) TDD
2 92 (29.39%) MVC
3 91 (29.07%) Responsive Web Design
4 88 (28.12%) OO
5 82 (26.20%) Agile Software Development
6 60 (19.17%) Scrum
7 54 (17.25%) E-Commerce
8 43 (13.74%) BDD
9 41 (13.10%) Web Development
10 40 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
11 30 (9.58%) Kanban
12 28 (8.95%) Analytics
13 26 (8.31%) SEO
14 21 (6.71%) Continuous Improvement
15 17 (5.43%) Unit Testing
15 17 (5.43%) User Acceptance Testing
16 16 (5.11%) OOP
16 16 (5.11%) Software Engineering
16 16 (5.11%) Web Design
17 15 (4.79%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 288 (92.01%) JavaScript
2 71 (22.68%) PHP
3 53 (16.93%) C#
4 30 (9.58%) Java
5 17 (5.43%) Ruby
6 11 (3.51%) SQL
7 8 (2.56%) Scala
8 7 (2.24%) C
9 6 (1.92%) XQuery
9 6 (1.92%) XAML
10 5 (1.60%) T-SQL
10 5 (1.60%) Python
11 4 (1.28%) PHP5
11 4 (1.28%) Clojure
11 4 (1.28%) Golang
12 3 (0.96%) ECMAScript
13 1 (0.32%) Perl
Qualifications
1 20 (6.39%) Degree
2 1 (0.32%) Security Cleared
2 1 (0.32%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.51%) QA
2 4 (1.28%) WCAG
3 2 (0.64%) WAI
System Software
1 3 (0.96%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 2 (0.64%) Puppet
2 1 (0.32%) logstash
2 1 (0.32%) Kibana
2 1 (0.32%) Nagios
Vendors
1 28 (8.95%) Google
1 28 (8.95%) Twitter
2 21 (6.71%) Zend
3 19 (6.07%) Venda
4 14 (4.47%) Adobe
5 10 (3.19%) hybris
6 8 (2.56%) Microsoft
7 5 (1.60%) Facebook
8 2 (0.64%) Sun
8 2 (0.64%) Interwoven
8 2 (0.64%) BMC
8 2 (0.64%) Apple
8 2 (0.64%) Remedy
9 1 (0.32%) SAP
9 1 (0.32%) Sencha
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