The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 1 October 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
1 Oct 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 322 415 475
Rank change year-on-year
+93 +60
Contract jobs citing LESS 354 261 164
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.67% 0.45% 0.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.18% 1.60% 1.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 276 192 102
Median daily rate £400 £369 £341
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.32% +8.20%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £250 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £475 £480
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £338 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.40% -3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 1
Median hourly rate - £22.12 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -35.89%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £20.75 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
16252 16360 15724
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 30.86% 28.34% 27.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 11253 11310 10280
Median daily rate £418 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.37% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £303 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £530
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 294 169
Median hourly rate £41.00 £37.04 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+10.69% +5.82%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.44 £17.33 £17.65
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £45.00 £71.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 1 October 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 1 October 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +95 334 £400 +11.11% 129
London +62 210 £413 +10.00% 55
South East +31 52 £378 +4.28% 20
City of London +46 40 £475 -2.56% 8
West Midlands +1 21 £369 +67.61% 9
East Midlands +5 20 £415 +161.41% 3
Berkshire +8 17 £450 +38.46% 2
Nottinghamshire +4 17 £420 +76.84% 2
Nottingham +1 17 £420 +76.84%
Coventry - 14 £400 -
Scotland 0 13 £350 -9.67% 2
Yorkshire +9 12 £356 +1.78% 14
Surrey +15 11 £380 -5.00% 7
Leeds +7 11 £356 -5.00% 7
West Yorkshire +6 11 £375 +7.14% 10
Bracknell -4 10 £500 +17.64%
Woking - 10 £380 -
Hampshire - 9 £375 - 3
South West +16 8 £300 +10.09% 9
Edinburgh +11 7 £350 -9.67% 1
West Sussex +1 7 £290 -22.45%
South Wales +28 6 £365 +73.80%
Wales +23 6 £365 +73.80% 1
Glasgow +16 6 £400 +86.04% 1
North West +9 6 £325 +9.24% 15
Bristol +7 6 £275 - 2
Cardiff - 6 £365 -
Portsmouth - 6 - -
Uxbridge 0 4 £393 +45.37%
Croydon -10 4 £406 -

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 1 October 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 631 (97.53%) CSS
2 593 (91.65%) HTML
3 592 (91.50%) JavaScript
4 506 (78.21%) Sass
5 446 (68.93%) HTML5
6 409 (63.21%) AngularJS
7 400 (61.82%) CSS3
8 357 (55.18%) Agile Software Development
9 316 (48.84%) Front End Development
10 269 (41.58%) jQuery
11 230 (35.55%) Git (software)
12 219 (33.85%) Node.js
13 209 (32.30%) Grunt
14 193 (29.83%) React
15 189 (29.21%) Web Development
16 177 (27.36%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 175 (27.05%) TDD
18 152 (23.49%) User Experience
19 143 (22.10%) Responsive Web Design
20 123 (19.01%) Scrum
21 122 (18.86%) MVC
22 118 (18.24%) gulp
23 106 (16.38%) C#
24 105 (16.23%) .NET
24 105 (16.23%) RESTful
25 97 (14.99%) BDD
26 96 (14.84%) Backbone.js
26 96 (14.84%) OO
27 95 (14.68%) PHP
28 94 (14.53%) Continuous Integration

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (8.66%) CMS
2 33 (5.10%) Confluence
3 19 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (2.94%) WordPress
4 8 (1.24%) EPiServer CMS
5 6 (0.93%) Sitecore CMS
6 5 (0.77%) Apache
6 5 (0.77%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.62%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.46%) Drupal
8 3 (0.46%) IIS
8 3 (0.46%) JBoss
8 3 (0.46%) Mule
8 3 (0.46%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.46%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.31%) Moodle
9 2 (0.31%) nginx
9 2 (0.31%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.15%) ExpressionEngine
Applications
1 69 (10.66%) Photoshop
2 19 (2.94%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 10 (1.55%) Adobe Illustrator
4 8 (1.24%) GIMP
5 5 (0.77%) InDesign
6 4 (0.62%) MS Excel
7 1 (0.15%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.15%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 7 (1.08%) Magento
2 2 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 18 (2.78%) SaaS
2 17 (2.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (2.47%) Amazon AWS
4 13 (2.01%) GitHub
5 11 (1.70%) IaaS
5 11 (1.70%) PaaS
6 9 (1.39%) Amazon Kinesis
6 9 (1.39%) AWS CloudFormation
6 9 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
7 6 (0.93%) Google Analytics
8 5 (0.77%) Google Tag Manager
9 4 (0.62%) Heroku
10 3 (0.46%) Amazon EC2
10 3 (0.46%) CloudFront
10 3 (0.46%) Office 365
11 2 (0.31%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.31%) Route 53
12 1 (0.15%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.15%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 1 (0.15%) AWS OpsWorks
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.24%) HTTP
2 7 (1.08%) Internet
3 5 (0.77%) Network Security
4 2 (0.31%) DNS
5 1 (0.15%) SSL
5 1 (0.15%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.15%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (8.04%) MySQL
2 47 (7.26%) SQL Server
3 45 (6.96%) MongoDB
4 14 (2.16%) NoSQL
5 11 (1.70%) CouchDB
6 9 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 8 (1.24%) Redis
8 7 (1.08%) DB2
8 7 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
9 6 (0.93%) Relational Database
10 2 (0.31%) RDBMS
11 1 (0.15%) Big Data
11 1 (0.15%) Hadoop
11 1 (0.15%) Hazelcast
11 1 (0.15%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 230 (35.55%) Git (software)
2 209 (32.30%) Grunt
3 118 (18.24%) gulp
4 93 (14.37%) Jasmine
5 55 (8.50%) Karma Test Runner
6 53 (8.19%) Bower
7 52 (8.04%) Jenkins
8 45 (6.96%) JIRA
9 36 (5.56%) Subversion
10 27 (4.17%) Cucumber
10 27 (4.17%) Mocha
11 25 (3.86%) Team Foundation Server
12 24 (3.71%) Protractor
13 22 (3.40%) WebDriver
14 18 (2.78%) webpack
15 17 (2.63%) NuGet
15 17 (2.63%) Selenium
15 17 (2.63%) Visual Studio
16 16 (2.47%) Octopus Deploy
17 15 (2.32%) QUnit
General
1 68 (10.51%) Finance
2 41 (6.34%) Banking
3 22 (3.40%) Advertising
3 22 (3.40%) Retail
4 20 (3.09%) Marketing
5 18 (2.78%) Games
6 16 (2.47%) Investment Banking
7 8 (1.24%) Front Office
8 6 (0.93%) Financial Institution
8 6 (0.93%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
9 4 (0.62%) Publishing
10 2 (0.31%) Interactive Media
11 1 (0.15%) Automotive
11 1 (0.15%) Electronics
11 1 (0.15%) Law
11 1 (0.15%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.15%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 618 (95.52%) Developer
2 318 (49.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 166 (25.66%) JavaScript Developer
4 89 (13.76%) Angular Developer
5 83 (12.83%) Web Developer
6 79 (12.21%) Senior Developer
7 58 (8.96%) HTML Developer
7 58 (8.96%) UI Developer
8 46 (7.11%) HTML CSS Developer
9 38 (5.87%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 33 (5.10%) Full Stack Developer
11 32 (4.95%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 31 (4.79%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 29 (4.48%) Node.js Developer
14 28 (4.33%) .NET Developer
15 26 (4.02%) UX Developer
16 25 (3.86%) Agile Developer
16 25 (3.86%) C# Developer
17 22 (3.40%) PHP Developer
18 17 (2.63%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 631 (97.53%) CSS
2 593 (91.65%) HTML
3 506 (78.21%) Sass
4 446 (68.93%) HTML5
5 409 (63.21%) AngularJS
6 400 (61.82%) CSS3
7 269 (41.58%) jQuery
8 219 (33.85%) Node.js
9 193 (29.83%) React
10 177 (27.36%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 105 (16.23%) .NET
11 105 (16.23%) RESTful
12 96 (14.84%) Backbone.js
13 86 (13.29%) Ajax
14 64 (9.89%) JSON
15 61 (9.43%) Web Services
16 53 (8.19%) KnockoutJS
17 51 (7.88%) ASP.NET
18 46 (7.11%) REST
19 36 (5.56%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 152 (23.49%) User Experience
2 44 (6.80%) Mobile App
3 15 (2.32%) Fintech
4 13 (2.01%) Digital Media
5 12 (1.85%) Social Media
6 9 (1.39%) Equities
7 7 (1.08%) Fixed Income
7 7 (1.08%) Visualisation
7 7 (1.08%) W3C
8 6 (0.93%) Animation
8 6 (0.93%) Hedge funds
8 6 (0.93%) iPad
8 6 (0.93%) Management Information System
9 5 (0.77%) Data Centre
9 5 (0.77%) Video on Demand
10 4 (0.62%) Computer Science
10 4 (0.62%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (0.62%) Graphic Design
10 4 (0.62%) Internet of Things
10 4 (0.62%) Telematics
Operating Systems
1 30 (4.64%) Windows
2 28 (4.33%) Linux
3 6 (0.93%) Windows Server
3 6 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
3 6 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
4 5 (0.77%) Android
4 5 (0.77%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.15%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 357 (55.18%) Agile Software Development
2 316 (48.84%) Front End Development
3 189 (29.21%) Web Development
4 175 (27.05%) TDD
5 143 (22.10%) Responsive Web Design
6 123 (19.01%) Scrum
7 122 (18.86%) MVC
8 97 (14.99%) BDD
9 96 (14.84%) OO
10 94 (14.53%) Continuous Integration
11 63 (9.74%) OOP
12 56 (8.66%) Web Design
13 46 (7.11%) E-Commerce
13 46 (7.11%) Software Engineering
14 44 (6.80%) Kanban
15 39 (6.03%) Continuous Deployment
16 38 (5.87%) Automated Testing
17 37 (5.72%) User Stories
18 33 (5.10%) Pair Programming
19 32 (4.95%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 592 (91.50%) JavaScript
2 106 (16.38%) C#
3 95 (14.68%) PHP
4 72 (11.13%) Java
5 65 (10.05%) ES6
6 22 (3.40%) TypeScript
7 16 (2.47%) SQL
8 14 (2.16%) ECMAScript
9 8 (1.24%) C
9 8 (1.24%) Python
10 6 (0.93%) Ruby
11 5 (0.77%) PHP 5
12 3 (0.46%) Bash Shell
12 3 (0.46%) Clojure
12 3 (0.46%) Haskell
13 2 (0.31%) ActionScript
13 2 (0.31%) ActionScript 3.0
13 2 (0.31%) PL/SQL
14 1 (0.15%) Jython
14 1 (0.15%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 32 (4.95%) Security Cleared
2 24 (3.71%) SC Cleared
3 11 (1.70%) Degree
4 2 (0.31%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.09%) WAI
2 8 (1.24%) QA
2 8 (1.24%) WCAG
3 3 (0.46%) SDET
4 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.15%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 18 (2.78%) Docker
2 2 (0.31%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 3 (0.46%) Puppet
2 1 (0.15%) Ansible
2 1 (0.15%) HP Fortify
2 1 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.15%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 50 (7.73%) Adobe
2 31 (4.79%) Microsoft
3 18 (2.78%) Zend
4 14 (2.16%) Oracle
5 9 (1.39%) EPiServer
6 8 (1.24%) Google
7 7 (1.08%) hybris
8 6 (0.93%) IBM
8 6 (0.93%) Sitecore
9 4 (0.62%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.46%) Brightcove
10 3 (0.46%) SAP
11 2 (0.31%) Cisco
11 2 (0.31%) Infragistics
11 2 (0.31%) Syncfusion
11 2 (0.31%) Twitter
12 1 (0.15%) Atlassian
12 1 (0.15%) Perforce
12 1 (0.15%) Rally
12 1 (0.15%) TOWER Software
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Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £0.00 - £340 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Reading, Berkshire
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Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
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Rate: £450.00 - £550.00 per day
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Rate: £525 - £575 per day
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Rate: £350 - £425 per day
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Rate: £350 - £450 per day
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Rate: £500 - £550 per day
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Rate: £400 - £450 per day
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UK
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Rate: Competitive (market rates)
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