The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 28 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
28 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 338 440 472
Rank change year-on-year
+102 +32
Contract jobs citing LESS 333 222 173
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.62% 0.38% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.10% 1.36% 1.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 256 172 105
Median daily rate £400 £375 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £276 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £473 £494
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+4.28% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
Median hourly rate - £22.06 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £17.50 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15892 16325 15688
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 29.81% 28.00% 27.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 11020 11072 9962
Median daily rate £420 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.00% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £268
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £368 £350
% change year-on-year
+2.04% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 292 216
Median hourly rate £40.50 £38.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+5.19% +10.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.68 £17.50 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.40 £52.17 £71.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.77 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.17% +10.77%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 August 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +97 307 £400 +8.10% 134
London +60 195 £425 +13.33% 69
South East +25 45 £350 -8.19% 19
City of London +59 36 £445 -3.26% 12
East Midlands +17 21 £420 +31.76% 6
Yorkshire +12 19 £425 +26.86% 13
West Yorkshire +12 18 £438 +32.57% 8
Nottinghamshire +13 17 £420 +76.84% 3
Scotland +10 17 £350 -9.67% 2
Nottingham +6 17 £420 +76.84% 3
Leeds +7 15 £375 +11.94% 4
West Midlands -18 12 £369 +47.50% 5
Hampshire - 11 £350 - 3
Berkshire +9 10 £400 +10.34% 2
Edinburgh +2 10 £350 -9.67% 2
Buckinghamshire - 9 £325 - 3
Glasgow +15 7 £363 +68.60%
Tyne and Wear -15 7 £350 +27.27%
North East -19 7 £350 +7.69% 2
Newcastle upon Tyne -21 7 £350 -
Wales +27 6 £365 +73.80% 1
South Wales +22 6 £365 +73.80% 1
West Sussex -1 6 £290 -22.45%
Coventry -12 6 £400 -11.11% 1
Cardiff - 6 £365 - 1
Portsmouth - 6 - - 1
South West +8 4 £388 +10.71% 4
Bristol -1 4 £388 +10.71% 1
Bracknell -4 4 £450 +5.88% 2
Croydon -8 4 £406 -

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 August 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 601 (97.09%) CSS
2 580 (93.70%) JavaScript
3 569 (91.92%) HTML
4 477 (77.06%) Sass
5 440 (71.08%) HTML5
6 404 (65.27%) AngularJS
7 377 (60.90%) CSS3
8 329 (53.15%) Agile Software Development
9 283 (45.72%) Front End Development
10 255 (41.20%) jQuery
11 210 (33.93%) Node.js
12 205 (33.12%) Git (software)
13 191 (30.86%) React
14 190 (30.69%) Grunt
15 177 (28.59%) Web Development
16 175 (28.27%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 160 (25.85%) User Experience
18 146 (23.59%) TDD
19 120 (19.39%) gulp
20 119 (19.22%) Responsive Web Design
21 114 (18.42%) MVC
22 113 (18.26%) Scrum
23 101 (16.32%) Backbone.js
24 100 (16.16%) PHP
25 89 (14.38%) .NET
26 87 (14.05%) Java
27 85 (13.73%) RESTful
28 84 (13.57%) C#
29 80 (12.92%) OO
30 79 (12.76%) Jasmine

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (10.18%) CMS
2 24 (3.88%) Confluence
3 22 (3.55%) WordPress
4 19 (3.07%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.29%) EPiServer CMS
5 8 (1.29%) Sitecore CMS
6 7 (1.13%) Apache
6 7 (1.13%) WebSphere
7 6 (0.97%) IIS
8 5 (0.81%) Umbraco
9 4 (0.65%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.48%) ColdFusion
10 3 (0.48%) Drupal
10 3 (0.48%) JBoss
10 3 (0.48%) Mule
10 3 (0.48%) nginx
10 3 (0.48%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.32%) Moodle
Applications
1 62 (10.02%) Photoshop
2 15 (2.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 11 (1.78%) Adobe Illustrator
4 6 (0.97%) GIMP
5 5 (0.81%) InDesign
6 4 (0.65%) MS Excel
7 1 (0.16%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.16%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.81%) Magento
2 1 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 15 (2.42%) GitHub
2 13 (2.10%) Amazon AWS
3 8 (1.29%) SaaS
4 7 (1.13%) Google Analytics
5 5 (0.81%) Heroku
5 5 (0.81%) Microsoft Azure
6 4 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
6 4 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
6 4 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (0.48%) Amazon S3
7 3 (0.48%) CloudFront
7 3 (0.48%) Google Tag Manager
8 2 (0.32%) Office 365
8 2 (0.32%) Route 53
9 1 (0.16%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.16%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 1 (0.16%) AWS OpsWorks
9 1 (0.16%) IaaS
9 1 (0.16%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.45%) HTTP
2 8 (1.29%) Internet
3 4 (0.65%) Network Security
4 2 (0.32%) DNS
4 2 (0.32%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.16%) DHCP
5 1 (0.16%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (9.37%) MongoDB
2 55 (8.89%) MySQL
3 48 (7.75%) SQL Server
4 20 (3.23%) NoSQL
5 17 (2.75%) CouchDB
6 10 (1.62%) Relational Database
7 9 (1.45%) Redis
8 7 (1.13%) DB2
9 6 (0.97%) SQL Server 2008
10 4 (0.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (0.65%) RDBMS
11 3 (0.48%) Big Data
12 1 (0.16%) Data Warehouse
12 1 (0.16%) Hadoop
12 1 (0.16%) Hazelcast
12 1 (0.16%) PostgreSQL
12 1 (0.16%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 205 (33.12%) Git (software)
2 190 (30.69%) Grunt
3 120 (19.39%) gulp
4 79 (12.76%) Jasmine
5 50 (8.08%) Jenkins
6 47 (7.59%) Karma Test Runner
7 42 (6.79%) Bower
8 39 (6.30%) JIRA
9 33 (5.33%) Subversion
10 27 (4.36%) Cucumber
11 25 (4.04%) Protractor
12 24 (3.88%) Mocha
13 22 (3.55%) WebDriver
14 17 (2.75%) Selenium
15 16 (2.58%) Visual Studio
16 14 (2.26%) webpack
17 13 (2.10%) QUnit
18 11 (1.78%) git-flow
18 11 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
18 11 (1.78%) TeamCity
General
1 71 (11.47%) Finance
2 36 (5.82%) Banking
3 23 (3.72%) Games
4 21 (3.39%) Marketing
5 20 (3.23%) Retail
6 19 (3.07%) Advertising
7 13 (2.10%) Investment Banking
8 8 (1.29%) Front Office
9 6 (0.97%) Financial Institution
10 5 (0.81%) Publishing
10 5 (0.81%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.32%) Interactive Media
13 1 (0.16%) Automotive
13 1 (0.16%) Law
13 1 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 593 (95.80%) Developer
2 284 (45.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 169 (27.30%) JavaScript Developer
4 79 (12.76%) Angular Developer
5 78 (12.60%) Senior Developer
6 77 (12.44%) Web Developer
7 63 (10.18%) UI Developer
8 54 (8.72%) HTML Developer
9 44 (7.11%) HTML CSS Developer
10 39 (6.30%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 36 (5.82%) Node.js Developer
12 32 (5.17%) Full Stack Developer
13 31 (5.01%) Senior JavaScript Developer
14 28 (4.52%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 28 (4.52%) UX Developer
15 24 (3.88%) Java Developer
15 24 (3.88%) PHP Developer
16 19 (3.07%) Agile Developer
17 15 (2.42%) Lead Developer
17 15 (2.42%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 601 (97.09%) CSS
2 569 (91.92%) HTML
3 477 (77.06%) Sass
4 440 (71.08%) HTML5
5 404 (65.27%) AngularJS
6 377 (60.90%) CSS3
7 255 (41.20%) jQuery
8 210 (33.93%) Node.js
9 191 (30.86%) React
10 175 (28.27%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 101 (16.32%) Backbone.js
12 89 (14.38%) .NET
13 85 (13.73%) RESTful
14 71 (11.47%) Ajax
15 59 (9.53%) Web Services
16 57 (9.21%) JSON
17 49 (7.92%) ASP.NET
18 45 (7.27%) KnockoutJS
19 43 (6.95%) REST
20 40 (6.46%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 160 (25.85%) User Experience
2 51 (8.24%) Mobile App
3 23 (3.72%) Fintech
4 14 (2.26%) iPad
5 12 (1.94%) Digital Media
5 12 (1.94%) Visualisation
6 8 (1.29%) Equities
6 8 (1.29%) Social Media
6 8 (1.29%) W3C
7 7 (1.13%) Animation
7 7 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
7 7 (1.13%) Hedge funds
8 6 (0.97%) Fixed Income
9 5 (0.81%) Computer Science
9 5 (0.81%) Data Centre
9 5 (0.81%) Management Information System
9 5 (0.81%) Online Games
10 4 (0.65%) Internet of Things
10 4 (0.65%) Telematics
11 3 (0.48%) Analytical Skills
Operating Systems
1 37 (5.98%) Linux
2 29 (4.68%) Windows
3 7 (1.13%) Android
4 6 (0.97%) Unix
5 5 (0.81%) Apple iOS
5 5 (0.81%) Windows Server
5 5 (0.81%) Windows Server 2008
5 5 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.32%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 329 (53.15%) Agile Software Development
2 283 (45.72%) Front End Development
3 177 (28.59%) Web Development
4 146 (23.59%) TDD
5 119 (19.22%) Responsive Web Design
6 114 (18.42%) MVC
7 113 (18.26%) Scrum
8 80 (12.92%) OO
9 74 (11.95%) BDD
10 63 (10.18%) Continuous Integration
11 53 (8.56%) OOP
12 43 (6.95%) Web Design
13 41 (6.62%) Automated Testing
14 38 (6.14%) E-Commerce
15 37 (5.98%) Software Engineering
16 35 (5.65%) Unit Testing
17 28 (4.52%) Analytics
17 28 (4.52%) Open Source
17 28 (4.52%) SEO
17 28 (4.52%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 580 (93.70%) JavaScript
2 100 (16.16%) PHP
3 87 (14.05%) Java
4 84 (13.57%) C#
5 65 (10.50%) ES6
6 20 (3.23%) SQL
7 18 (2.91%) ECMAScript
8 14 (2.26%) TypeScript
9 9 (1.45%) C
10 6 (0.97%) PHP 5
11 5 (0.81%) JSX
11 5 (0.81%) Python
11 5 (0.81%) Ruby
12 3 (0.48%) Bash Shell
12 3 (0.48%) Clojure
12 3 (0.48%) Haskell
13 2 (0.32%) ActionScript
13 2 (0.32%) ActionScript 3.0
13 2 (0.32%) CoffeeScript
13 2 (0.32%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 20 (3.23%) Security Cleared
2 15 (2.42%) SC Cleared
3 9 (1.45%) Degree
4 2 (0.32%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.23%) WAI
2 6 (0.97%) QA
2 6 (0.97%) WCAG
3 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 17 (2.75%) Docker
2 2 (0.32%) Varnish
3 1 (0.16%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (0.65%) Puppet
2 1 (0.16%) Ansible
2 1 (0.16%) HP Fortify
2 1 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.16%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 39 (6.30%) Adobe
2 23 (3.72%) Microsoft
3 18 (2.91%) Zend
4 12 (1.94%) Oracle
5 11 (1.78%) IBM
6 9 (1.45%) Google
7 8 (1.29%) EPiServer
7 8 (1.29%) Sitecore
8 7 (1.13%) hybris
9 4 (0.65%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.65%) SAP
10 2 (0.32%) CA
10 2 (0.32%) Cisco
10 2 (0.32%) FatWire
10 2 (0.32%) Infragistics
10 2 (0.32%) Omniture
10 2 (0.32%) Rally
10 2 (0.32%) Syncfusion
10 2 (0.32%) Twitter
11 1 (0.16%) Brightcove
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Rate: £450 - £500 per day
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Posted: 2 days ago
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Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
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Rate: £310 - £500 per day
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Rate: £250 - £300 per day
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Rate: £400 - £500 per day
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