The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 4 December 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
4 Dec 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 367 394 481
Rank change year-on-year
+27 +87
Contract jobs citing LESS 276 272 176
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.56% 0.49% 0.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.80% 1.71% 1.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 217 204 127
Median daily rate £400 £370 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.10% -1.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £312 £265 £287
10% offered a daily rate of more than £516 £550 £463
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+8.57% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 1
Median hourly rate - £24.23 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- -29.76%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £45.00 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15333 15939 15512
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 30.99% 28.79% 26.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 10591 11100 10567
Median daily rate £425 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +1.26%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £308 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £560 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 261 171
Median hourly rate £40.00 £37.45 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+6.80% +7.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.41 £19.23 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £45.30 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 4 December 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 4 December 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 258 £400 +6.95% 165
London -7 169 £409 +9.00% 86
South East +20 36 £380 +1.33% 13
City of London +9 32 £425 -12.82% 24
Surrey +31 17 £380 +1.33% 6
Scotland +21 16 £400 +33.33% 4
Woking - 16 £380 - 1
Edinburgh +24 14 £400 +33.33% 2
Yorkshire +18 12 £330 -8.96% 12
Berkshire +13 12 £415 +18.57% 1
West Midlands -1 12 £355 +6.76% 16
Leeds +18 10 £337 -7.03% 6
West Yorkshire +14 10 £337 -7.03% 9
South West +13 10 £300 -7.69% 4
Coventry -6 9 £400 -
East Midlands 0 8 £310 -31.11% 8
North West +8 7 £413 +17.85% 16
Bristol +11 6 £250 -28.57% 1
Reading - 5 £338 -
Bracknell +4 4 £500 +185.71%
East of England -6 4 £375 +7.14% 8
Oxfordshire -12 4 £375 -6.25% 1
Manchester +4 3 £506 +41.60% 13
Leicestershire 0 3 £283 -37.22% 2
Uxbridge -1 3 £385 +37.50%
Northampton - 3 £325 - 1
Northamptonshire - 3 £325 - 1
Merseyside - 3 £325 -
Essex +3 2 £355 +1.42% 1
Gloucestershire +2 2 £400 +20.30% 2

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 4 December 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 603 (97.26%) CSS
2 563 (90.81%) HTML
3 544 (87.74%) JavaScript
4 501 (80.81%) Sass
5 409 (65.97%) HTML5
6 390 (62.90%) CSS3
7 341 (55.00%) AngularJS
8 334 (53.87%) Agile Software Development
9 317 (51.13%) Front End Development
10 241 (38.87%) jQuery
11 215 (34.68%) Git (software)
12 206 (33.23%) Grunt
13 190 (30.65%) Node.js
14 181 (29.19%) React
15 172 (27.74%) Web Development
16 170 (27.42%) TDD
17 148 (23.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 134 (21.61%) Responsive Web Design
19 130 (20.97%) User Experience
20 120 (19.35%) gulp
21 117 (18.87%) MVC
22 116 (18.71%) C#
23 108 (17.42%) .NET
24 106 (17.10%) RESTful
25 104 (16.77%) Scrum
26 103 (16.61%) OO
27 101 (16.29%) Jasmine
28 94 (15.16%) BDD
29 87 (14.03%) Continuous Integration
30 83 (13.39%) Backbone.js

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.94%) CMS
2 37 (5.97%) Confluence
3 16 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
4 14 (2.26%) WordPress
5 6 (0.97%) Sitecore CMS
6 5 (0.81%) EPiServer CMS
6 5 (0.81%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.65%) Apache
7 4 (0.65%) Drupal
7 4 (0.65%) JBoss
7 4 (0.65%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.65%) WebLogic
8 3 (0.48%) IIS
9 2 (0.32%) Moodle
9 2 (0.32%) nginx
9 2 (0.32%) Umbraco
9 2 (0.32%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.16%) ExpressionEngine
10 1 (0.16%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.16%) Orchard CMS
Applications
1 61 (9.84%) Photoshop
2 13 (2.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (1.13%) GIMP
4 4 (0.65%) MS Excel
5 3 (0.48%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.32%) InDesign
7 1 (0.16%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 10 (1.61%) Magento
2 1 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 22 (3.55%) SaaS
2 20 (3.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (3.06%) Amazon AWS
4 15 (2.42%) PaaS
5 13 (2.10%) GitHub
6 12 (1.94%) IaaS
7 11 (1.77%) Amazon Kinesis
7 11 (1.77%) AWS CloudFormation
7 11 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (0.65%) Google Analytics
8 4 (0.65%) Heroku
9 3 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (0.48%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (0.48%) CloudFront
9 3 (0.48%) Google Tag Manager
9 3 (0.48%) Office 365
10 2 (0.32%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.32%) Route 53
11 1 (0.16%) Amazon ELB
11 1 (0.16%) AWS OpsWorks
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.74%) HTTP
2 8 (1.29%) DNS
3 7 (1.13%) Internet
3 7 (1.13%) SSL
4 5 (0.81%) Network Security
5 2 (0.32%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.16%) LDAP
6 1 (0.16%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (5.81%) SQL Server
2 30 (4.84%) MySQL
3 14 (2.26%) MongoDB
4 12 (1.94%) NoSQL
5 11 (1.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 7 (1.13%) SQL Server 2008
7 5 (0.81%) Relational Database
8 3 (0.48%) CouchDB
8 3 (0.48%) DB2
9 2 (0.32%) Redis
10 1 (0.16%) Big Data
10 1 (0.16%) Hadoop
10 1 (0.16%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 215 (34.68%) Git (software)
2 206 (33.23%) Grunt
3 120 (19.35%) gulp
4 101 (16.29%) Jasmine
5 54 (8.71%) Bower
5 54 (8.71%) Karma Test Runner
6 52 (8.39%) JIRA
7 44 (7.10%) Jenkins
8 33 (5.32%) Subversion
9 32 (5.16%) Team Foundation Server
10 29 (4.68%) Cucumber
10 29 (4.68%) Mocha
10 29 (4.68%) Protractor
10 29 (4.68%) webpack
11 24 (3.87%) Selenium
12 23 (3.71%) NuGet
12 23 (3.71%) WebDriver
13 22 (3.55%) Octopus Deploy
14 21 (3.39%) QUnit
15 16 (2.58%) Visual Studio
General
1 69 (11.13%) Finance
2 45 (7.26%) Banking
3 27 (4.35%) Retail
4 17 (2.74%) Investment Banking
5 16 (2.58%) Marketing
6 14 (2.26%) Advertising
7 9 (1.45%) Front Office
7 9 (1.45%) Games
8 6 (0.97%) Publishing
9 5 (0.81%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.81%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.65%) Back Office
10 4 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.32%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.16%) Automotive
12 1 (0.16%) Electronics
12 1 (0.16%) Legal
12 1 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 583 (94.03%) Developer
2 329 (53.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 155 (25.00%) JavaScript Developer
4 80 (12.90%) Web Developer
5 76 (12.26%) Angular Developer
5 76 (12.26%) Senior Developer
6 74 (11.94%) HTML Developer
7 59 (9.52%) HTML CSS Developer
8 56 (9.03%) UI Developer
9 40 (6.45%) .NET Developer
10 37 (5.97%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 36 (5.81%) Full Stack Developer
12 33 (5.32%) C# Developer
12 33 (5.32%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 28 (4.52%) Senior JavaScript Developer
14 21 (3.39%) Agile Developer
15 20 (3.23%) C# .NET Developer
15 20 (3.23%) Node.js Developer
16 14 (2.26%) Lead Developer
17 13 (2.10%) C# Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 603 (97.26%) CSS
2 563 (90.81%) HTML
3 501 (80.81%) Sass
4 409 (65.97%) HTML5
5 390 (62.90%) CSS3
6 341 (55.00%) AngularJS
7 241 (38.87%) jQuery
8 190 (30.65%) Node.js
9 181 (29.19%) React
10 148 (23.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 108 (17.42%) .NET
12 106 (17.10%) RESTful
13 83 (13.39%) Backbone.js
14 76 (12.26%) Ajax
15 71 (11.45%) KnockoutJS
16 66 (10.65%) JSON
17 64 (10.32%) Web Services
18 58 (9.35%) ASP.NET
19 47 (7.58%) ASP.NET Web API
20 43 (6.94%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 130 (20.97%) User Experience
2 14 (2.26%) Mobile App
3 13 (2.10%) Social Media
4 12 (1.94%) Digital Media
4 12 (1.94%) Graphic Design
5 9 (1.45%) W3C
6 8 (1.29%) Equities
6 8 (1.29%) Management Information System
7 7 (1.13%) Visualisation
8 6 (0.97%) Animation
8 6 (0.97%) Fixed Income
8 6 (0.97%) Hedge funds
9 5 (0.81%) Fintech
9 5 (0.81%) Internet of Things
9 5 (0.81%) Video on Demand
10 4 (0.65%) Computer Science
10 4 (0.65%) Data Centre
10 4 (0.65%) Telematics
11 3 (0.48%) iPad
11 3 (0.48%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 19 (3.06%) Linux
1 19 (3.06%) Windows
2 7 (1.13%) Windows Server
2 7 (1.13%) Windows Server 2008
2 7 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
3 5 (0.81%) Android
3 5 (0.81%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.48%) Unix
5 1 (0.16%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 334 (53.87%) Agile Software Development
2 317 (51.13%) Front End Development
3 172 (27.74%) Web Development
4 170 (27.42%) TDD
5 134 (21.61%) Responsive Web Design
6 117 (18.87%) MVC
7 104 (16.77%) Scrum
8 103 (16.61%) OO
9 94 (15.16%) BDD
10 87 (14.03%) Continuous Integration
11 56 (9.03%) OOP
12 55 (8.87%) E-Commerce
13 52 (8.39%) Kanban
14 46 (7.42%) Software Engineering
15 43 (6.94%) Wireframes
16 42 (6.77%) Web Design
17 39 (6.29%) Continuous Deployment
18 38 (6.13%) Unit Testing
19 36 (5.81%) Open Source
19 36 (5.81%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 544 (87.74%) JavaScript
2 116 (18.71%) C#
3 81 (13.06%) PHP
4 65 (10.48%) ES6
5 62 (10.00%) Java
6 38 (6.13%) TypeScript
7 17 (2.74%) Python
7 17 (2.74%) SQL
8 10 (1.61%) Ruby
9 8 (1.29%) ECMAScript
10 3 (0.48%) Bash Shell
10 3 (0.48%) C
10 3 (0.48%) PL/SQL
10 3 (0.48%) Scala
11 2 (0.32%) ActionScript
11 2 (0.32%) ActionScript 3.0
12 1 (0.16%) Haskell
12 1 (0.16%) Jython
12 1 (0.16%) Lisp
12 1 (0.16%) Perl
Qualifications
1 33 (5.32%) Security Cleared
2 25 (4.03%) SC Cleared
3 14 (2.26%) Degree
4 3 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.32%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.23%) WAI
2 9 (1.45%) WCAG
3 5 (0.81%) QA
4 3 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.48%) SDET
System Software
1 19 (3.06%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (0.32%) TeamSite
2 1 (0.16%) Ansible
2 1 (0.16%) HP Fortify
2 1 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 40 (6.45%) Adobe
2 27 (4.35%) Microsoft
3 17 (2.74%) Zend
4 8 (1.29%) Oracle
5 7 (1.13%) EPiServer
6 6 (0.97%) Google
6 6 (0.97%) hybris
6 6 (0.97%) Sitecore
7 3 (0.48%) Atlassian
7 3 (0.48%) Brightcove
8 2 (0.32%) Cisco
8 2 (0.32%) IBM
8 2 (0.32%) Infragistics
8 2 (0.32%) Perforce
8 2 (0.32%) Syncfusion
8 2 (0.32%) Twitter
9 1 (0.16%) FatWire
9 1 (0.16%) HP
9 1 (0.16%) OpenText
9 1 (0.16%) TOWER Software
London
Vivid Resourcing
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + DOE
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £440 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Eligo Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £300 - £400 per day + Remote working
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £425 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
Square One Resources
Rate: £250 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Gloucestershire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Rate Dependent On Eperience
Posted: 5 days ago
Woking, Surrey
TEKsystems
Rate: £380 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Surrey
TEKsystems
Rate: £399 - £466 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
CPS Group Limited
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 13 days ago
London
TRG
Rate: 400-425 Per Day call
Posted: 24 days ago