The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 27 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 371 444 497
Rank change year-on-year
+73 +53
Contract jobs citing LESS 299 195 130
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.55% 0.35% 0.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.95% 1.29% 0.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 225 142 88
Median daily rate £400 £350 £369
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -5.08%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £281 £225 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £475 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+14.28% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15340 15170 14998
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 28.42% 27.51% 27.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 10819 10144 9789
Median daily rate £420 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.38% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £285 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 184 210 213
Median hourly rate £36.00 £37.80 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-4.76% +8.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.80 £18.00 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £55.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-10.62% +14.28%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 27 June 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 27 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +79 287 £400 +14.28% 92
London +77 199 £400 +14.28% 49
Yorkshire +24 36 £450 +38.46% 9
City of London +57 35 £400 +14.28% 13
West Yorkshire +26 34 £450 +50.00% 6
South East +16 26 £350 +0.35% 5
Leeds +15 26 £450 +50.00% 5
Bradford - 10 £450 -
Scotland -19 8 £400 - 5
East of England +15 7 £450 +24.13% 3
Buckinghamshire - 7 £375 - 1
Berkshire -8 6 £255 +70.00% 2
Hertfordshire +18 5 £465 +32.85% 1
South West -5 5 £275 -21.42% 3
Edinburgh -16 5 £400 -11.11% 2
West Midlands -20 5 £350 +18.64% 6
Aylesbury - 5 £450 -
North East -58 4 £350 +7.69% 1
Tyne and Wear -60 4 £350 +19.14% 1
Newcastle upon Tyne - 4 £350 - 1
Glasgow +2 3 £300 - 2
Bristol 0 3 £275 -15.38% 2
Worcestershire -6 3 £350 +40.00%
East Midlands -17 3 £400 +14.28% 3
Hampshire - 3 £349 -
Wetherby - 3 - -
Oxfordshire +13 2 £413 -8.33% 1
Somerset +7 2 £275 -24.13%
North Yorkshire +4 2 £385 +4.05% 2
York 0 2 £385 +4.05% 1

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 563 (95.75%) CSS
2 551 (93.71%) JavaScript
3 520 (88.44%) HTML
4 476 (80.95%) Sass
5 430 (73.13%) HTML5
6 377 (64.12%) AngularJS
7 351 (59.69%) CSS3
8 300 (51.02%) Agile Software Development
9 252 (42.86%) jQuery
10 244 (41.50%) Front End Development
11 217 (36.90%) Node.js
12 206 (35.03%) React
13 192 (32.65%) Git (software)
14 169 (28.74%) User Experience
15 164 (27.89%) Web Development
16 161 (27.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 160 (27.21%) Grunt
18 142 (24.15%) TDD
19 137 (23.30%) Backbone.js
20 117 (19.90%) gulp
21 115 (19.56%) Responsive Web Design
22 109 (18.54%) MVC
23 100 (17.01%) Scrum
24 86 (14.63%) Java
24 86 (14.63%) PHP
25 83 (14.12%) Ajax
26 82 (13.95%) Jasmine
27 80 (13.61%) .NET
28 74 (12.59%) Web Services
28 74 (12.59%) OO

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (8.50%) CMS
2 24 (4.08%) WordPress
3 12 (2.04%) Confluence
4 8 (1.36%) IIS
5 7 (1.19%) Apache
5 7 (1.19%) Drupal
5 7 (1.19%) EPiServer CMS
5 7 (1.19%) Umbraco
5 7 (1.19%) WebSphere
6 6 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (1.02%) Sitecore CMS
6 6 (1.02%) Tomcat
7 5 (0.85%) ColdFusion
8 4 (0.68%) Joomla!
8 4 (0.68%) NServiceBus
9 3 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.51%) Alfresco
9 3 (0.51%) Mule
10 2 (0.34%) nginx
10 2 (0.34%) SharePoint
Applications
1 51 (8.67%) Photoshop
2 17 (2.89%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (2.04%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 6 (1.02%) GIMP
5 5 (0.85%) InDesign
6 3 (0.51%) MS Excel
7 2 (0.34%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.17%) MS Office
8 1 (0.17%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (1.70%) Magento
2 2 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 18 (3.06%) GitHub
2 11 (1.87%) Amazon AWS
3 8 (1.36%) Microsoft Azure
4 6 (1.02%) Google Analytics
5 5 (0.85%) Amazon S3
6 4 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (0.68%) SaaS
7 3 (0.51%) CloudFront
7 3 (0.51%) Route 53
8 2 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 2 (0.34%) Google Tag Manager
8 2 (0.34%) Heroku
8 2 (0.34%) Office 365
9 1 (0.17%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.17%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.17%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.70%) HTTP
2 7 (1.19%) Internet
3 6 (1.02%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.17%) DHCP
4 1 (0.17%) DNS
4 1 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (11.22%) MongoDB
2 57 (9.69%) SQL Server
3 54 (9.18%) MySQL
4 24 (4.08%) CouchDB
5 23 (3.91%) NoSQL
6 10 (1.70%) Redis
7 9 (1.53%) Relational Database
8 7 (1.19%) DB2
9 6 (1.02%) SQL Server 2008
10 4 (0.68%) RDBMS
11 3 (0.51%) Big Data
11 3 (0.51%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (0.34%) Azure SQL Database
13 1 (0.17%) Data Warehouse
13 1 (0.17%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 192 (32.65%) Git (software)
2 160 (27.21%) Grunt
3 117 (19.90%) gulp
4 82 (13.95%) Jasmine
5 52 (8.84%) Subversion
6 49 (8.33%) Karma Test Runner
7 39 (6.63%) Bower
8 38 (6.46%) Jenkins
8 38 (6.46%) Mocha
9 32 (5.44%) JIRA
10 21 (3.57%) Mercurial
11 20 (3.40%) Selenium
11 20 (3.40%) Visual Studio
12 17 (2.89%) Cucumber
13 12 (2.04%) QUnit
13 12 (2.04%) Vagrant
14 11 (1.87%) Protractor
14 11 (1.87%) Team Foundation Server
14 11 (1.87%) webpack
15 10 (1.70%) WebDriver
General
1 66 (11.22%) Finance
2 27 (4.59%) Games
3 15 (2.55%) Marketing
3 15 (2.55%) Retail
4 14 (2.38%) Advertising
5 11 (1.87%) Banking
6 7 (1.19%) Financial Institution
7 6 (1.02%) Publishing
8 5 (0.85%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.51%) Interactive Media
9 3 (0.51%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.34%) Law
11 1 (0.17%) Legal
11 1 (0.17%) Music Industry
11 1 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 556 (94.56%) Developer
2 239 (40.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 181 (30.78%) JavaScript Developer
4 79 (13.44%) UI Developer
5 75 (12.76%) Angular Developer
6 73 (12.41%) Web Developer
7 49 (8.33%) HTML Developer
7 49 (8.33%) Node.js Developer
8 43 (7.31%) HTML CSS Developer
8 43 (7.31%) Senior Developer
9 36 (6.12%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 34 (5.78%) Full Stack Developer
11 32 (5.44%) Java Developer
12 24 (4.08%) PHP Developer
13 23 (3.91%) UX Developer
14 20 (3.40%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 18 (3.06%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 16 (2.72%) .NET Developer
17 15 (2.55%) Designer
17 15 (2.55%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 563 (95.75%) CSS
2 520 (88.44%) HTML
3 476 (80.95%) Sass
4 430 (73.13%) HTML5
5 377 (64.12%) AngularJS
6 351 (59.69%) CSS3
7 252 (42.86%) jQuery
8 217 (36.90%) Node.js
9 206 (35.03%) React
10 161 (27.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 137 (23.30%) Backbone.js
12 83 (14.12%) Ajax
13 80 (13.61%) .NET
14 74 (12.59%) Web Services
15 73 (12.41%) RESTful
16 64 (10.88%) KnockoutJS
17 61 (10.37%) Ember.js
18 56 (9.52%) JSON
19 48 (8.16%) ASP.NET
20 45 (7.65%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 169 (28.74%) User Experience
2 54 (9.18%) Mobile App
3 24 (4.08%) Fintech
4 23 (3.91%) iPad
5 15 (2.55%) W3C
6 14 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
7 10 (1.70%) Computer Science
7 10 (1.70%) Online Games
7 10 (1.70%) Visualisation
8 8 (1.36%) Social Media
9 6 (1.02%) Animation
9 6 (1.02%) Equities
9 6 (1.02%) New Media
9 6 (1.02%) NHS
10 5 (0.85%) Data Centre
10 5 (0.85%) Fixed Income
10 5 (0.85%) Management Information System
10 5 (0.85%) Web 2.0
11 4 (0.68%) Analytical Skills
11 4 (0.68%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 41 (6.97%) Linux
2 36 (6.12%) Windows
3 7 (1.19%) Windows Server
4 6 (1.02%) Android
4 6 (1.02%) Unix
5 5 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
5 5 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.68%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.51%) Windows 8
8 2 (0.34%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 300 (51.02%) Agile Software Development
2 244 (41.50%) Front End Development
3 164 (27.89%) Web Development
4 142 (24.15%) TDD
5 115 (19.56%) Responsive Web Design
6 109 (18.54%) MVC
7 100 (17.01%) Scrum
8 74 (12.59%) OO
9 64 (10.88%) BDD
10 58 (9.86%) E-Commerce
10 58 (9.86%) Unit Testing
11 53 (9.01%) Web Design
12 43 (7.31%) SEO
13 41 (6.97%) Continuous Integration
14 40 (6.80%) Wireframes
15 34 (5.78%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 34 (5.78%) Software Engineering
16 31 (5.27%) OOP
17 28 (4.76%) Automated Testing
17 28 (4.76%) Progressive Enhancement
Programming Languages
1 551 (93.71%) JavaScript
2 86 (14.63%) Java
2 86 (14.63%) PHP
3 61 (10.37%) C#
4 57 (9.69%) ES6
5 27 (4.59%) ECMAScript
6 26 (4.42%) SQL
7 20 (3.40%) TypeScript
8 13 (2.21%) XPath
9 11 (1.87%) C
10 10 (1.70%) Python
11 8 (1.36%) PHP 5
12 7 (1.19%) Ruby
13 6 (1.02%) CoffeeScript
13 6 (1.02%) JSX
14 3 (0.51%) Apple Swift
14 3 (0.51%) Bash Shell
14 3 (0.51%) Clojure
14 3 (0.51%) Haskell
15 1 (0.17%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 16 (2.72%) Degree
2 9 (1.53%) Security Cleared
3 6 (1.02%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.17%) A+ Certification
4 1 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (0.85%) QA
1 5 (0.85%) WAI
2 3 (0.51%) WCAG
3 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 3 (0.51%) Active Directory
1 3 (0.51%) Docker
2 2 (0.34%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 6 (1.02%) Puppet
2 3 (0.51%) Kibana
3 1 (0.17%) HP Fortify
3 1 (0.17%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 38 (6.46%) Adobe
2 25 (4.25%) Microsoft
3 20 (3.40%) Twitter
4 11 (1.87%) Facebook
4 11 (1.87%) IBM
4 11 (1.87%) Oracle
5 10 (1.70%) EPiServer
6 7 (1.19%) Google
6 7 (1.19%) SAP
7 6 (1.02%) hybris
7 6 (1.02%) Sitecore
8 4 (0.68%) Red Hat
8 4 (0.68%) Zend
9 3 (0.51%) DevExpress
9 3 (0.51%) Telerik
10 2 (0.34%) Brightcove
10 2 (0.34%) CA
10 2 (0.34%) Omniture
10 2 (0.34%) Rally
10 2 (0.34%) Sun
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £550.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Networking People
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Sopra Steria Recruitment
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £650 to £675 per day
Posted: 3 days ago