The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 27 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
Rank 406 386 452
Rank change year-on-year
-20 +66
Contract jobs citing LESS 199 259 172
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.44% 0.51% 0.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.40% 1.77% 1.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 132 188 138
Median daily rate £400 £368 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.84% -2.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £301 £276 £238
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £475 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 1
Median hourly rate - £35.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +27.87%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14205 14607 14048
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 31.22% 28.54% 26.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 9909 10043 9256
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +3.22%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 162 241 188
Median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+5.00% +14.28%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.07 £20.55 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £60.62 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.22% +10.71%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing LESS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 27 February 2017.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 27 February 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 194 £400 +8.84% 139
London -8 107 £450 +12.50% 61
South East +10 25 £375 +7.14% 15
City of London +5 17 £425 -15.00% 5
Yorkshire +14 16 £388 +10.71% 12
West Yorkshire +6 14 £400 +14.28% 10
Leeds -1 14 £400 +14.28% 7
East of England 0 13 £388 -4.32% 10
North West +11 12 £298 -15.00% 10
Surrey +16 11 £381 +5.17% 1
South West -9 11 £350 +9.37% 8
Milton Keynes +3 7 £350 +55.55% 1
Bristol +2 7 £338 +33.66% 4
Manchester -1 7 £313 -11.97% 6
Buckinghamshire -5 7 £350 +55.55% 1
Ipswich - 6 £455 -
Suffolk - 6 £455 -
West Midlands +10 5 £375 +36.36% 13
Leatherhead - 5 £350 -
Cheshire +31 4 £298 -0.83% 2
Cambridgeshire +6 4 £313 - 2
East Midlands +2 4 £313 +4.16% 7
Oxfordshire -4 4 £400 +14.28% 4
Cambridge +12 3 £375 - 2
Oxford - 3 - - 3
Scotland +12 2 £275 - 2
Berkshire +11 2 £338 +125.00% 1
Essex -4 2 £260 - 2
Woking -5 2 £433 +33.07%
Northampton - 2 £313 - 1

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 467 (95.11%) CSS
2 427 (86.97%) JavaScript
3 423 (86.15%) HTML
4 422 (85.95%) Sass
5 329 (67.01%) HTML5
6 305 (62.12%) CSS3
7 260 (52.95%) AngularJS
8 251 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
9 237 (48.27%) Front End Development
10 189 (38.49%) React
11 177 (36.05%) jQuery
12 158 (32.18%) Node.js
13 157 (31.98%) Git (software)
14 136 (27.70%) TDD
15 134 (27.29%) Grunt
16 118 (24.03%) Responsive Web Design
17 112 (22.81%) Web Development
18 107 (21.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 104 (21.18%) gulp
19 104 (21.18%) MVC
20 95 (19.35%) C#
20 95 (19.35%) User Experience
21 90 (18.33%) RESTful
22 87 (17.72%) .NET
23 83 (16.90%) Scrum
24 79 (16.09%) OO
25 73 (14.87%) Jasmine
26 72 (14.66%) Ajax
27 68 (13.85%) BDD
27 68 (13.85%) Web Services

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (4.68%) Confluence
2 14 (2.85%) CMS
3 8 (1.63%) WordPress
4 6 (1.22%) NServiceBus
4 6 (1.22%) Umbraco
5 5 (1.02%) EPiServer
6 4 (0.81%) Apache
6 4 (0.81%) Drupal
6 4 (0.81%) WebSphere
7 3 (0.61%) IIS
7 3 (0.61%) JBoss
7 3 (0.61%) Tomcat
8 2 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.41%) GlassFish
9 1 (0.20%) Documentum
9 1 (0.20%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.20%) Predix
9 1 (0.20%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.20%) WebLogic
Applications
1 43 (8.76%) Photoshop
2 9 (1.83%) GIMP
3 4 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 2 (0.41%) InVision
4 2 (0.41%) MS Excel
5 1 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.20%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 9 (1.83%) Magento
2 1 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 24 (4.89%) Microsoft Azure
2 21 (4.28%) SaaS
3 17 (3.46%) Amazon AWS
4 16 (3.26%) GitHub
5 15 (3.05%) PaaS
6 12 (2.44%) IaaS
7 7 (1.43%) Amazon Kinesis
7 7 (1.43%) AWS CloudFormation
7 7 (1.43%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.41%) Google Analytics
9 2 (0.41%) Google Tag Manager
10 1 (0.20%) Office 365
10 1 (0.20%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.87%) HTTP
2 11 (2.24%) DNS
2 11 (2.24%) SSL
3 2 (0.41%) DSL
3 2 (0.41%) Internet
3 2 (0.41%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 2 (0.41%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.20%) LDAP
4 1 (0.20%) Network Security
4 1 (0.20%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (6.31%) SQL Server
2 15 (3.05%) MySQL
3 13 (2.65%) NoSQL
4 7 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 7 (1.43%) Oracle Database
5 5 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
5 5 (1.02%) MongoDB
6 4 (0.81%) SQL Server 2008
7 3 (0.61%) Blockchain
7 3 (0.61%) Redis
7 3 (0.61%) Relational Database
8 2 (0.41%) Big Data
8 2 (0.41%) CouchDB
8 2 (0.41%) DocumentDB
8 2 (0.41%) PostgreSQL
9 1 (0.20%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.20%) BusinessObjects
9 1 (0.20%) GIS
9 1 (0.20%) Hadoop
9 1 (0.20%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 157 (31.98%) Git (software)
2 134 (27.29%) Grunt
3 104 (21.18%) gulp
4 73 (14.87%) Jasmine
5 46 (9.37%) Bower
6 41 (8.35%) Karma Test Runner
7 33 (6.72%) JIRA
8 32 (6.52%) Subversion
9 31 (6.31%) webpack
10 29 (5.91%) Jenkins
11 27 (5.50%) Team Foundation Server
12 24 (4.89%) Selenium
13 20 (4.07%) Cucumber
13 20 (4.07%) Mocha
13 20 (4.07%) Octopus Deploy
14 18 (3.67%) Visual Studio
15 17 (3.46%) NuGet
16 16 (3.26%) JSHint
16 16 (3.26%) WebDriver
17 13 (2.65%) QUnit
General
1 59 (12.02%) Finance
2 33 (6.72%) Banking
3 21 (4.28%) Retail
4 9 (1.83%) Advertising
4 9 (1.83%) Marketing
5 7 (1.43%) Telecoms
6 6 (1.22%) Back Office
6 6 (1.22%) Czech Language
6 6 (1.22%) Games
6 6 (1.22%) Publishing
7 4 (0.81%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.41%) Front Office
8 2 (0.41%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.20%) Arabic Language
9 1 (0.20%) Automotive
9 1 (0.20%) Electronics
9 1 (0.20%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 453 (92.26%) Developer
2 230 (46.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 140 (28.51%) JavaScript Developer
4 69 (14.05%) Angular Developer
5 51 (10.39%) .NET Developer
6 47 (9.57%) HTML Developer
6 47 (9.57%) Web Developer
7 44 (8.96%) UI Developer
8 40 (8.15%) HTML CSS Developer
8 40 (8.15%) Senior Developer
9 36 (7.33%) C# Developer
10 34 (6.92%) Full Stack Developer
11 28 (5.70%) C# .NET Developer
12 24 (4.89%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 20 (4.07%) Senior JavaScript Developer
14 14 (2.85%) Node.js Developer
15 12 (2.44%) Agile Developer
15 12 (2.44%) JavaScript Engineer
16 11 (2.24%) C# Web Developer
16 11 (2.24%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 467 (95.11%) CSS
2 423 (86.15%) HTML
3 422 (85.95%) Sass
4 329 (67.01%) HTML5
5 305 (62.12%) CSS3
6 260 (52.95%) AngularJS
7 189 (38.49%) React
8 177 (36.05%) jQuery
9 158 (32.18%) Node.js
10 107 (21.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 90 (18.33%) RESTful
12 87 (17.72%) .NET
13 72 (14.66%) Ajax
14 68 (13.85%) Web Services
15 59 (12.02%) Backbone.js
16 57 (11.61%) KnockoutJS
17 53 (10.79%) ASP.NET
18 51 (10.39%) JSON
19 46 (9.37%) ASP.NET Web API
20 38 (7.74%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 95 (19.35%) User Experience
2 17 (3.46%) Enterprise Software
3 13 (2.65%) Graphic Design
4 12 (2.44%) W3C
5 10 (2.04%) Fintech
5 10 (2.04%) Mobile App
6 9 (1.83%) Computer Science
7 7 (1.43%) Social Media
8 6 (1.22%) Video on Demand
9 4 (0.81%) Management Information System
9 4 (0.81%) NHS
10 3 (0.61%) Animation
10 3 (0.61%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.61%) Digital Media
10 3 (0.61%) Minimum Viable Product
11 2 (0.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 2 (0.41%) Virtual Team
12 1 (0.20%) Hedge funds
12 1 (0.20%) Internet of Things
12 1 (0.20%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 22 (4.48%) Linux
2 12 (2.44%) Windows
3 5 (1.02%) Unix
4 4 (0.81%) Windows Server
4 4 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
5 3 (0.61%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
6 2 (0.41%) Android
7 1 (0.20%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 251 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
2 237 (48.27%) Front End Development
3 136 (27.70%) TDD
4 118 (24.03%) Responsive Web Design
5 112 (22.81%) Web Development
6 104 (21.18%) MVC
7 83 (16.90%) Scrum
8 79 (16.09%) OO
9 68 (13.85%) BDD
10 60 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
11 53 (10.79%) E-Commerce
12 52 (10.59%) Kanban
13 45 (9.16%) Unit Testing
14 38 (7.74%) Software Engineering
15 36 (7.33%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 36 (7.33%) Web Design
15 36 (7.33%) Wireframes
16 35 (7.13%) Pair Programming
17 32 (6.52%) OOP
18 31 (6.31%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 427 (86.97%) JavaScript
2 95 (19.35%) C#
3 43 (8.76%) Java
4 41 (8.35%) PHP
5 37 (7.54%) ES6
6 30 (6.11%) TypeScript
7 21 (4.28%) SQL
8 14 (2.85%) Python
8 14 (2.85%) Ruby
9 7 (1.43%) T-SQL
10 6 (1.22%) PowerShell
10 6 (1.22%) R
11 4 (0.81%) ECMAScript
11 4 (0.81%) Scala
12 1 (0.20%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.20%) Clojure
12 1 (0.20%) Erlang
12 1 (0.20%) Haskell
12 1 (0.20%) Lisp
12 1 (0.20%) VB
Qualifications
1 23 (4.68%) Degree
2 21 (4.28%) Security Cleared
3 16 (3.26%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.22%) MBA
5 3 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.02%) WCAG
2 4 (0.81%) QA
3 3 (0.61%) SDET
4 2 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.41%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.20%) WAI
System Software
1 4 (0.81%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (0.81%) Puppet
2 1 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.20%) Plesk
2 1 (0.20%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 26 (5.30%) Microsoft
2 24 (4.89%) Adobe
3 11 (2.24%) Oracle
4 4 (0.81%) hybris
4 4 (0.81%) IBM
4 4 (0.81%) SAP
5 3 (0.61%) Atlassian
5 3 (0.61%) Brightcove
5 3 (0.61%) Google
6 2 (0.41%) Perforce
6 2 (0.41%) Twitter
7 1 (0.20%) CA Agile Central
7 1 (0.20%) EMC
7 1 (0.20%) FatWire
7 1 (0.20%) OpenText
7 1 (0.20%) Sitecore
7 1 (0.20%) Sybase
7 1 (0.20%) TOWER Software
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
keytree
Rate: £250 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Gloucester, Gloucestershire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £340 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
South West London
keytree
Rate: £300 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Bristol Area
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £300 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Computer People
Posted: 5 days ago
Manchester
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 7 days ago