The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 24 December 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
24 Dec 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 425 459 529
Rank change year-on-year
+34 +70
Contract jobs citing LESS 169 112 32
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.31% 0.22% 0.066%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.15% 0.79% 0.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 127 83 22
Average daily rate
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of your Daily Rate
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£375 £325 £316
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% +2.76%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £226 £217
10% offered a daily rate of more than £463 £450 £400
UK excluding London average daily rate £358 £290 £285
% change year-on-year
+23.27% +1.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
Average hourly rate £34.50 - £30.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate - - £30.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14718 14100 13785
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.14% 27.54% 28.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 10077 9008 8644
Average daily rate £395 £375 £373
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.33% +0.67%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 302 361
Average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £34.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+6.06% -2.94%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.50 £16.00 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £42.50 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% -2.94%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 December 2014.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 December 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +19 157 £375 +15.38% 69
London +68 125 £375 +5.26% 34
City of London +20 25 £423 -8.64% 13
Scotland - 12 £378 - 5
South East -25 11 £275 +22.22% 10
Glasgow - 9 £406 - 1
East Midlands +12 7 £455 -
Northampton - 7 £455 -
Northamptonshire - 7 £455 -
East of England -18 5 £350 +23.89%
Berkshire -1 4 £365 - 2
Oxfordshire -16 4 £275 +22.22% 6
South West -30 3 £288 +4.54% 7
West Midlands - 3 £415 - 2
Cambridgeshire - 3 £350 -
Bath +1 2 £288 +4.54% 1
Surrey -3 2 £288 -
Somerset -9 2 £288 +7.47% 1
Bedfordshire -11 2 £381 +34.95%
Edinburgh - 2 £378 - 3
Birmingham - 2 £420 - 1
Liverpool -1 1 £250 -4.76%
Merseyside -5 1 £250 -4.76%
North West -22 1 £250 -25.92% 7
Yorkshire - 1 £343 - 8
Milton Keynes - 1 £330 -
Buckinghamshire - 1 £330 -
Exeter - 1 - - 1
Leeds - 1 £343 - 3
West Yorkshire - 1 £343 - 3

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 24 December 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 327 (97.90%) CSS
2 304 (91.02%) HTML
2 304 (91.02%) JavaScript
3 255 (76.35%) Sass
4 254 (76.05%) HTML5
5 232 (69.46%) CSS3
6 196 (58.68%) jQuery
7 133 (39.82%) AngularJS
8 128 (38.32%) OO
9 122 (36.53%) Agile Software Development
10 119 (35.63%) Responsive Web Design
11 108 (32.34%) Backbone.js
12 93 (27.84%) Ajax
13 87 (26.05%) User Experience
14 85 (25.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 74 (22.16%) TDD
16 71 (21.26%) MVC
16 71 (21.26%) Node.js
17 69 (20.66%) Git (software)
18 61 (18.26%) JSON
19 58 (17.37%) PHP
20 55 (16.47%) E-Commerce
21 52 (15.57%) KnockoutJS
22 50 (14.97%) REST
23 49 (14.67%) Jasmine
24 45 (13.47%) Photoshop
25 44 (13.17%) Finance
26 42 (12.57%) Java
26 42 (12.57%) Grunt
27 40 (11.98%) Subversion

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 24 December 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 71 (21.26%) Node.js
2 31 (9.28%) CMS
3 13 (3.89%) Drupal
4 12 (3.59%) Umbraco
5 11 (3.29%) nginx
6 10 (2.99%) Elasticsearch
7 9 (2.69%) WordPress
7 9 (2.69%) Apache
8 5 (1.50%) Tomcat
8 5 (1.50%) IIS
8 5 (1.50%) Jetty
8 5 (1.50%) Adobe CQ
9 4 (1.20%) Liferay
9 4 (1.20%) ExpressionEngine
10 3 (0.90%) Moodle
11 2 (0.60%) Facebook Platform
11 2 (0.60%) Confluence
11 2 (0.60%) Sitecore CMS
11 2 (0.60%) SharePoint
12 1 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 45 (13.47%) Photoshop
2 14 (4.19%) Adobe Illustrator
3 9 (2.69%) Fireworks
4 4 (1.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.30%) InDesign
5 1 (0.30%) MS Excel
5 1 (0.30%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (5.69%) Magento
2 4 (1.20%) Google Analytics
2 4 (1.20%) Tridion
3 3 (0.90%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.90%) Remedy AR System
4 2 (0.60%) osCommerce
5 1 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4 (1.20%) Amazon AWS
1 4 (1.20%) GitHub
2 2 (0.60%) Microsoft Azure
2 2 (0.60%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (7.19%) HTTP
2 8 (2.40%) HTTPS
3 4 (1.20%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.60%) Internet
5 1 (0.30%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (7.49%) MySQL
2 19 (5.69%) MongoDB
3 18 (5.39%) SQL Server
4 13 (3.89%) Apache Cassandra
5 11 (3.29%) Redis
6 10 (2.99%) NoSQL
7 5 (1.50%) SQL Server 2008
7 5 (1.50%) SQL Server 2012
8 3 (0.90%) PostgreSQL
9 2 (0.60%) Oracle Database
9 2 (0.60%) Relational Database
10 1 (0.30%) Neo4j
10 1 (0.30%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1 (0.30%) Jackrabbit
10 1 (0.30%) DB2
10 1 (0.30%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 69 (20.66%) Git (software)
2 49 (14.67%) Jasmine
3 42 (12.57%) Grunt
4 40 (11.98%) Subversion
5 25 (7.49%) Cucumber
6 21 (6.29%) WebDriver
7 19 (5.69%) Selenium
8 16 (4.79%) Mocha
9 14 (4.19%) Karma Test Runner
10 12 (3.59%) Visual Studio
11 11 (3.29%) Eclipse
11 11 (3.29%) QUnit
12 9 (2.69%) Bower
13 8 (2.40%) JIRA
14 7 (2.10%) Sinon.JS
15 6 (1.80%) NUnit
15 6 (1.80%) Maven
16 5 (1.50%) JUnit
16 5 (1.50%) Moq
16 5 (1.50%) Jenkins
General
1 44 (13.17%) Finance
2 21 (6.29%) Retail
3 17 (5.09%) Banking
4 16 (4.79%) Marketing
5 11 (3.29%) Games
6 6 (1.80%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.50%) Manufacturing
7 5 (1.50%) Advertising
8 3 (0.90%) Publishing
9 2 (0.60%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.60%) Legal
10 1 (0.30%) Front Office
10 1 (0.30%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 307 (91.92%) Developer
2 178 (53.29%) Front-End Developer
3 40 (11.98%) JavaScript Developer
4 36 (10.78%) Web Developer
5 24 (7.19%) UI Developer
5 24 (7.19%) UI Programmer
6 15 (4.49%) Front-End Web Developer
7 14 (4.19%) Senior Developer
8 11 (3.29%) .NET Developer
8 11 (3.29%) Senior Front-End Developer
8 11 (3.29%) Magento Developer
9 10 (2.99%) Designer
10 9 (2.69%) PHP Developer
11 8 (2.40%) HTML Developer
11 8 (2.40%) Web Designer
12 6 (1.80%) CSS Developer
13 5 (1.50%) Programmer
13 5 (1.50%) ASP.NET Developer
14 4 (1.20%) C# ASP.NET Developer
14 4 (1.20%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 327 (97.90%) CSS
2 304 (91.02%) HTML
3 255 (76.35%) Sass
4 254 (76.05%) HTML5
5 232 (69.46%) CSS3
6 196 (58.68%) jQuery
7 133 (39.82%) AngularJS
8 108 (32.34%) Backbone.js
9 93 (27.84%) Ajax
10 85 (25.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 61 (18.26%) JSON
12 52 (15.57%) KnockoutJS
13 50 (14.97%) REST
14 34 (10.18%) XML
15 32 (9.58%) .NET
16 29 (8.68%) Web Services
17 23 (6.89%) JSP
17 23 (6.89%) Ember.js
18 19 (5.69%) Dojo
19 18 (5.39%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 87 (26.05%) User Experience
2 29 (8.68%) Mobile App
3 14 (4.19%) Visualisation
4 11 (3.29%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (3.29%) W3C
5 8 (2.40%) Open Source
6 7 (2.10%) Digital Media
7 6 (1.80%) Online Games
8 5 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
8 5 (1.50%) Animation
9 4 (1.20%) Computer Science
10 3 (0.90%) Graphic Design
10 3 (0.90%) Video on Demand
11 2 (0.60%) Learning Management System
11 2 (0.60%) Human Factors
11 2 (0.60%) Life Science
11 2 (0.60%) Wiki
11 2 (0.60%) RIA
11 2 (0.60%) Clustering
11 2 (0.60%) E-Learning
Operating Systems
1 19 (5.69%) Linux
2 9 (2.69%) Windows
3 6 (1.80%) Android
4 5 (1.50%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.60%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.30%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (38.32%) OO
2 122 (36.53%) Agile Software Development
3 119 (35.63%) Responsive Web Design
4 74 (22.16%) TDD
5 71 (21.26%) MVC
6 55 (16.47%) E-Commerce
7 36 (10.78%) Web Development
8 34 (10.18%) BDD
9 29 (8.68%) Web Design
10 28 (8.38%) Unit Testing
11 24 (7.19%) Scrum
12 19 (5.69%) Waterfall
13 17 (5.09%) Progressive Enhancement
14 16 (4.79%) Mobile Application Development
15 12 (3.59%) Web Application Development
16 10 (2.99%) Continuous Integration
16 10 (2.99%) OOP
16 10 (2.99%) DevOps
17 8 (2.40%) Refactoring
17 8 (2.40%) Dependency Management
Programming Languages
1 304 (91.02%) JavaScript
2 58 (17.37%) PHP
3 42 (12.57%) Java
4 22 (6.59%) C#
5 16 (4.79%) Ruby
6 15 (4.49%) C
7 13 (3.89%) Scala
8 11 (3.29%) SQL
9 6 (1.80%) Python
9 6 (1.80%) XAML
9 6 (1.80%) PHP5
9 6 (1.80%) Golang
10 4 (1.20%) Clojure
11 2 (0.60%) CoffeeScript
11 2 (0.60%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.30%) Perl
12 1 (0.30%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.30%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 15 (4.49%) Degree
2 2 (0.60%) CIPD
3 1 (0.30%) HND
3 1 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
3 1 (0.30%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.69%) QA
2 5 (1.50%) WCAG
System Software
1 1 (0.30%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 10 (2.99%) Puppet
1 10 (2.99%) Ansible
Vendors
1 36 (10.78%) Adobe
2 22 (6.59%) Twitter
3 18 (5.39%) Google
4 10 (2.99%) Microsoft
5 7 (2.10%) Zend
6 5 (1.50%) Oracle
7 4 (1.20%) EPiServer
7 4 (1.20%) Facebook
7 4 (1.20%) hybris
8 3 (0.90%) BMC
8 3 (0.90%) Remedy
9 2 (0.60%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.60%) New Relic
10 1 (0.30%) Eloqua
10 1 (0.30%) SAP
10 1 (0.30%) IBM
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