The first table below looks at the demand for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 22 July 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
22 Jul 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 432 489 558
Rank change year-on-year
+57 +69
Contract jobs citing LESS 140 77 33
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.26% 0.15% 0.057%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.96% 0.54% 0.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 85 53 19
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
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£375 £325 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% -18.75%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £260 £278 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £420 £465
UK excluding London average daily rate £343 £305 -
% change year-on-year
+12.29% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Average hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate - - -
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14644 14130 14792
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.59% 27.78% 25.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 9473 8977 8994
Average daily rate £375 £375 £360
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £263 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £340 £325 £321
% change year-on-year
+4.61% +1.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 295 355
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +7.69%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £20.50 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £50.00 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 22 July 2014.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 22 July 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 137 £375 +15.38% 78
London +17 66 £438 +27.73% 40
East of England +7 29 £325 -13.33% 2
Bedfordshire - 20 £275 -
Luton - 18 £275 -
City of London +17 12 £438 +34.61% 11
South West - 10 £350 - 10
North West -3 9 £375 +19.04% 9
South East 0 8 £325 -13.33% 7
Cambridgeshire -2 8 £360 -4.00%
Bristol - 8 £350 - 6
West Midlands -7 6 £295 +12.38% 3
Manchester +4 5 £375 +25.00% 3
Hampshire - 5 £350 - 1
Cambridge +1 4 £360 -4.00%
Cheshire 0 4 £325 +1.56% 5
Chester - 4 £325 - 1
Yorkshire - 3 £325 - 4
East Midlands - 3 £480 - 2
Surrey - 2 £325 - 3
West Yorkshire - 2 £330 - 3
Leeds - 2 £330 - 2
Exeter - 1 - - 1
Guildford - 1 £325 -
Dundee - 1 £170 -
Watford - 1 - -
Buckinghamshire - 1 £288 -
Somerset - 1 £310 - 3
Devon - 1 - - 1
Hertfordshire - 1 - - 2

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 299 (97.08%) CSS
2 284 (92.21%) HTML
2 284 (92.21%) JavaScript
3 217 (70.45%) HTML5
4 177 (57.47%) Sass
5 168 (54.55%) CSS3
6 154 (50.00%) jQuery
7 110 (35.71%) AngularJS
8 108 (35.06%) TDD
9 95 (30.84%) Git (software)
10 93 (30.19%) MVC
11 88 (28.57%) Responsive Web Design
12 83 (26.95%) OO
13 80 (25.97%) Agile Software Development
14 78 (25.32%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 72 (23.38%) PHP
16 71 (23.05%) Ajax
17 65 (21.10%) Backbone.js
18 64 (20.78%) Subversion
19 58 (18.83%) Scrum
20 54 (17.53%) C#
20 54 (17.53%) E-Commerce
21 47 (15.26%) Node.js
22 44 (14.29%) .NET
23 43 (13.96%) BDD
24 42 (13.64%) Web Development
25 41 (13.31%) Continuous Integration
25 41 (13.31%) KnockoutJS
26 38 (12.34%) Web Services
27 35 (11.36%) ASP.NET

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 22 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 47 (15.26%) Node.js
2 35 (11.36%) CMS
3 28 (9.09%) Umbraco
4 18 (5.84%) Drupal
5 11 (3.57%) Apache
6 6 (1.95%) WordPress
6 6 (1.95%) Confluence
7 5 (1.62%) IIS
8 3 (0.97%) SharePoint 2013
8 3 (0.97%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.65%) TeamSite
10 1 (0.32%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.32%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.32%) GlassFish
10 1 (0.32%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.32%) nginx
10 1 (0.32%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 27 (8.77%) Photoshop
2 9 (2.92%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (2.27%) Fireworks
4 2 (0.65%) OmniGraffle
5 1 (0.32%) MS Excel
5 1 (0.32%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 22 (7.14%) Google Analytics
2 11 (3.57%) Magento
3 1 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.32%) Misys Midas
3 1 (0.32%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 9 (2.92%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (1.62%) SaaS
3 4 (1.30%) GitHub
4 3 (0.97%) Microsoft Azure
5 2 (0.65%) Trello
6 1 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.32%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.22%) HTTP
2 7 (2.27%) Internet
3 2 (0.65%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (11.36%) SQL Server
2 24 (7.79%) SQL Server 2008
3 19 (6.17%) MongoDB
4 15 (4.87%) MySQL
5 7 (2.27%) NoSQL
5 7 (2.27%) SQL Server 2012
6 6 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 4 (1.30%) Relational Database
8 2 (0.65%) Big Data
9 1 (0.32%) MS Access
9 1 (0.32%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 95 (30.84%) Git (software)
2 64 (20.78%) Subversion
3 31 (10.06%) Grunt
4 28 (9.09%) Mercurial
5 25 (8.12%) TeamCity
6 23 (7.47%) Kiln
7 19 (6.17%) JIRA
8 17 (5.52%) Jasmine
9 14 (4.55%) PhoneGap
10 10 (3.25%) Visual Studio
11 9 (2.92%) Jenkins
12 8 (2.60%) Selenium
12 8 (2.60%) Yeoman
12 8 (2.60%) Trac
13 7 (2.27%) Karma Test Runner
14 6 (1.95%) Moq
14 6 (1.95%) NUnit
14 6 (1.95%) Bitbucket
14 6 (1.95%) Capybara
14 6 (1.95%) Cucumber
General
1 28 (9.09%) Finance
2 15 (4.87%) Banking
3 12 (3.90%) Retail
4 8 (2.60%) Games
5 7 (2.27%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.95%) Marketing
6 6 (1.95%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.62%) Publishing
8 4 (1.30%) Advertising
9 2 (0.65%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.32%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.32%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.32%) Back Office
10 1 (0.32%) Electronics
10 1 (0.32%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 293 (95.13%) Developer
2 134 (43.51%) Front-End Developer
3 56 (18.18%) Web Developer
4 36 (11.69%) UI Developer
5 35 (11.36%) JavaScript Developer
6 31 (10.06%) UI Programmer
7 25 (8.12%) Front-End Web Developer
8 15 (4.87%) Drupal Developer
9 14 (4.55%) .NET Developer
10 13 (4.22%) PHP Developer
11 10 (3.25%) Senior Developer
12 9 (2.92%) ASP.NET Developer
13 8 (2.60%) Designer
13 8 (2.60%) Mobile Developer
13 8 (2.60%) C# Developer
13 8 (2.60%) Mobile Web Developer
13 8 (2.60%) Magento Developer
14 7 (2.27%) Programmer
14 7 (2.27%) C# ASP.NET Developer
14 7 (2.27%) CSS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 299 (97.08%) CSS
2 284 (92.21%) HTML
3 217 (70.45%) HTML5
4 177 (57.47%) Sass
5 168 (54.55%) CSS3
6 154 (50.00%) jQuery
7 110 (35.71%) AngularJS
8 78 (25.32%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 71 (23.05%) Ajax
10 65 (21.10%) Backbone.js
11 44 (14.29%) .NET
12 41 (13.31%) KnockoutJS
13 38 (12.34%) Web Services
14 35 (11.36%) ASP.NET
15 33 (10.71%) Dojo
16 32 (10.39%) REST
17 31 (10.06%) DOM
18 29 (9.42%) JSON
19 28 (9.09%) XHTML
20 24 (7.79%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 14 (4.55%) Mobile App
1 14 (4.55%) Open Source
2 10 (3.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 8 (2.60%) W3C
4 7 (2.27%) Computer Science
5 6 (1.95%) Social Media
6 4 (1.30%) Visualisation
6 4 (1.30%) iPhone
6 4 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (0.97%) Taxonomies
7 3 (0.97%) Video on Demand
8 2 (0.65%) iPad
8 2 (0.65%) Augmented Reality
8 2 (0.65%) Social Network
8 2 (0.65%) Online Games
8 2 (0.65%) Blackberry
8 2 (0.65%) E-Learning
8 2 (0.65%) Mobile Banking
9 1 (0.32%) BBC
9 1 (0.32%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 29 (9.42%) Windows
2 22 (7.14%) Apple iOS
2 22 (7.14%) Android
3 19 (6.17%) Windows Server 2008
3 19 (6.17%) Windows Server 2003
4 12 (3.90%) Linux
5 7 (2.27%) Windows Phone 8
5 7 (2.27%) Windows Phone
6 2 (0.65%) UNIX
7 1 (0.32%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (35.06%) TDD
2 93 (30.19%) MVC
3 88 (28.57%) Responsive Web Design
4 83 (26.95%) OO
5 80 (25.97%) Agile Software Development
6 58 (18.83%) Scrum
7 54 (17.53%) E-Commerce
8 43 (13.96%) BDD
9 42 (13.64%) Web Development
10 41 (13.31%) Continuous Integration
11 31 (10.06%) Kanban
12 29 (9.42%) Analytics
13 26 (8.44%) SEO
14 21 (6.82%) Continuous Improvement
15 18 (5.84%) Unit Testing
16 17 (5.52%) User Acceptance Testing
17 16 (5.19%) Pair Programming
17 16 (5.19%) Software Engineering
17 16 (5.19%) OOP
18 15 (4.87%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 284 (92.21%) JavaScript
2 72 (23.38%) PHP
3 54 (17.53%) C#
4 29 (9.42%) Java
5 16 (5.19%) Ruby
6 9 (2.92%) SQL
7 8 (2.60%) Scala
8 6 (1.95%) XQuery
8 6 (1.95%) C
8 6 (1.95%) XAML
9 5 (1.62%) T-SQL
9 5 (1.62%) Python
10 4 (1.30%) PHP5
10 4 (1.30%) Clojure
10 4 (1.30%) Golang
11 3 (0.97%) ECMAScript
12 1 (0.32%) Perl
12 1 (0.32%) XPath
Qualifications
1 19 (6.17%) Degree
2 1 (0.32%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.57%) QA
2 5 (1.62%) WCAG
3 2 (0.65%) WAI
System Software
1 3 (0.97%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 2 (0.65%) Puppet
2 1 (0.32%) logstash
2 1 (0.32%) Kibana
2 1 (0.32%) Nagios
Vendors
1 27 (8.77%) Google
1 27 (8.77%) Twitter
2 21 (6.82%) Zend
3 19 (6.17%) Venda
4 12 (3.90%) Adobe
5 10 (3.25%) hybris
6 7 (2.27%) Microsoft
7 5 (1.62%) Facebook
8 2 (0.65%) Interwoven
8 2 (0.65%) Apple
8 2 (0.65%) Sun
8 2 (0.65%) Sencha
9 1 (0.32%) Perforce
9 1 (0.32%) SAP
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