The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 11 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
11 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 384 462 447
Rank change year-on-year
+78 -15
Contract jobs citing LESS 250 150 141
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.49% 0.29% 0.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.71% 1.08% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 177 119 104
Average daily rate £363 £375 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
-3.33% +15.38%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £288 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £443
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+7.69% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
Average hourly rate £35.00 £27.37 -
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+27.87% -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14606 13867 13355
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 28.39% 26.78% 26.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 10113 9219 8392
Average daily rate £400 £398 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+0.62% +6.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £363 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 261 196 274
Average hourly rate £40.00 £33.50 £33.84
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+19.40% -1.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.50 £20.00 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £60.62 £46.50 £50.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.25 £34.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+15.44% +3.03%

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 11 February 2016.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 11 February 2016.

LESS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 11 February 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +95 238 £363 -3.33% 139
London +35 125 £400 +3.22% 90
South East +35 34 £350 +16.66% 10
South West +23 20 £318 -2.30% 2
North West +2 20 £350 +40.00% 13
Manchester - 19 £355 - 9
Yorkshire -13 17 £310 +45.88% 10
West Yorkshire +5 16 £308 -10.21% 8
City of London +27 13 £450 +16.12% 9
Leeds +1 13 £305 -10.94% 7
East of England +6 10 £395 +7.11% 9
Wiltshire - 9 £350 -
Scotland -5 8 - - 1
Bristol - 8 £253 - 2
Swindon - 8 £350 -
Buckinghamshire +20 7 - -
Oxfordshire +7 6 £375 +36.36%
West Midlands -8 6 £313 -23.78% 4
Edinburgh -11 6 - -
Milton Keynes +7 5 - -
Kent - 5 £363 - 1
Berkshire +2 4 £150 -57.14%
Coventry -5 4 £313 -22.83%
Surrey - 4 £363 - 3
West Sussex - 4 £350 - 1
Slough +7 3 £150 -58.90%
East Midlands -18 3 £400 -0.62%
North East - 3 £325 - 1
Gloucestershire - 3 £288 -
Essex - 3 £350 - 1

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 11 February 2016, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 513 (92.93%) CSS
2 501 (90.76%) HTML
3 495 (89.67%) JavaScript
4 460 (83.33%) Sass
5 406 (73.55%) HTML5
6 355 (64.31%) CSS3
7 295 (53.44%) AngularJS
8 264 (47.83%) Agile Software Development
9 262 (47.46%) Front End Development
10 243 (44.02%) jQuery
11 180 (32.61%) User Experience
12 166 (30.07%) Node.js
13 155 (28.08%) Git (software)
14 148 (26.81%) Backbone.js
15 139 (25.18%) Responsive Web Design
16 136 (24.64%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 134 (24.28%) Grunt
18 133 (24.09%) PHP
19 130 (23.55%) TDD
20 118 (21.38%) E-Commerce
21 115 (20.83%) React
22 109 (19.75%) Scrum
23 104 (18.84%) OO
24 93 (16.85%) gulp
25 85 (15.40%) Ajax
26 78 (14.13%) MVC
27 74 (13.41%) JSON
28 67 (12.14%) Web Design
29 64 (11.59%) Finance
30 61 (11.05%) BDD

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 11 February 2016, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 166 (30.07%) Node.js
2 41 (7.43%) CMS
3 39 (7.07%) WordPress
4 32 (5.80%) Confluence
5 19 (3.44%) Drupal
6 10 (1.81%) Umbraco
6 10 (1.81%) WebSphere
7 7 (1.27%) Apache
8 6 (1.09%) Alfresco
8 6 (1.09%) IIS
9 5 (0.91%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.54%) Commerce Server
10 3 (0.54%) Joomla!
10 3 (0.54%) Mule
10 3 (0.54%) Mule ESB
10 3 (0.54%) NServiceBus
10 3 (0.54%) WildFly
11 2 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.36%) Elasticsearch
11 2 (0.36%) nginx
Applications
1 56 (10.14%) Photoshop
2 27 (4.89%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (1.45%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 8 (1.45%) Fireworks
4 6 (1.09%) MS Excel
5 4 (0.72%) MS Office
6 2 (0.36%) GIMP
7 1 (0.18%) MS PowerPoint
7 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 22 (3.99%) Magento
2 1 (0.18%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 34 (6.16%) GitHub
2 13 (2.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (2.17%) Amazon AWS
4 11 (1.99%) Google Analytics
5 9 (1.63%) SaaS
6 7 (1.27%) Adobe Analytics
7 6 (1.09%) AdWords
8 3 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (0.54%) Heroku
9 2 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 2 (0.36%) Amazon S3
9 2 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.36%) IaaS
10 1 (0.18%) Bluemix
10 1 (0.18%) CloudFront
10 1 (0.18%) MailChimp
10 1 (0.18%) PaaS
10 1 (0.18%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.99%) HTTP
2 6 (1.09%) Internet
2 6 (1.09%) MVNO
3 4 (0.72%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.54%) Firewall
4 3 (0.54%) Reverse Proxy
4 3 (0.54%) VPN
5 2 (0.36%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (5.98%) MySQL
2 19 (3.44%) MongoDB
2 19 (3.44%) NoSQL
3 18 (3.26%) SQL Server
4 14 (2.54%) PostgreSQL
5 8 (1.45%) Azure SQL Database
6 7 (1.27%) Relational Database
7 4 (0.72%) CouchDB
8 3 (0.54%) Redis
9 2 (0.36%) Big Data
10 1 (0.18%) DB2
10 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 155 (28.08%) Git (software)
2 134 (24.28%) Grunt
3 93 (16.85%) gulp
4 56 (10.14%) JIRA
5 51 (9.24%) Jasmine
6 41 (7.43%) Subversion
7 35 (6.34%) Karma Test Runner
8 32 (5.80%) Cucumber
9 29 (5.25%) Selenium
10 28 (5.07%) Bower
11 23 (4.17%) Visual Studio
12 20 (3.62%) Jenkins
13 19 (3.44%) Mercurial
13 19 (3.44%) WebDriver
14 18 (3.26%) webpack
15 17 (3.08%) Mocha
16 15 (2.72%) Vagrant
17 12 (2.17%) Maven
17 12 (2.17%) Protractor
17 12 (2.17%) QUnit
General
1 64 (11.59%) Finance
2 37 (6.70%) Retail
3 23 (4.17%) Marketing
4 21 (3.80%) Publishing
5 12 (2.17%) Banking
6 10 (1.81%) Telecoms
7 8 (1.45%) Games
8 4 (0.72%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.72%) Front Office
8 4 (0.72%) Multimedia
9 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.18%) Interactive Media
10 1 (0.18%) Law
10 1 (0.18%) Legal
10 1 (0.18%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 522 (94.57%) Developer
2 269 (48.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 186 (33.70%) JavaScript Developer
4 132 (23.91%) HTML Developer
5 108 (19.57%) HTML CSS Developer
6 96 (17.39%) UI Developer
7 93 (16.85%) Web Developer
8 63 (11.41%) Angular Developer
9 61 (11.05%) Senior Developer
10 42 (7.61%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 35 (6.34%) PHP Developer
12 34 (6.16%) Senior JavaScript Developer
13 21 (3.80%) Java Developer
14 19 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
14 19 (3.44%) Senior Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 18 (3.26%) Designer
16 17 (3.08%) UX Developer
16 17 (3.08%) Web UI Developer
17 16 (2.90%) Node.js Developer
18 15 (2.72%) WordPress Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 513 (92.93%) CSS
2 501 (90.76%) HTML
3 460 (83.33%) Sass
4 406 (73.55%) HTML5
5 355 (64.31%) CSS3
6 295 (53.44%) AngularJS
7 243 (44.02%) jQuery
8 148 (26.81%) Backbone.js
9 136 (24.64%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 115 (20.83%) React
11 85 (15.40%) Ajax
12 74 (13.41%) JSON
13 58 (10.51%) .NET
13 58 (10.51%) KnockoutJS
14 49 (8.88%) Ember.js
15 41 (7.43%) Web Services
16 40 (7.25%) XML
17 39 (7.07%) RequireJS
17 39 (7.07%) REST
18 37 (6.70%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 180 (32.61%) User Experience
2 21 (3.80%) Computer Science
3 19 (3.44%) Mobile App
4 18 (3.26%) iPad
4 18 (3.26%) W3C
5 11 (1.99%) Social Media
6 10 (1.81%) Analytical Skills
7 9 (1.63%) Smartphone
8 8 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.27%) Animation
10 6 (1.09%) Digital Media
11 5 (0.91%) Web 2.0
12 4 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 4 (0.72%) New Media
12 4 (0.72%) NHS
12 4 (0.72%) Visualisation
13 2 (0.36%) Graphic Design
13 2 (0.36%) Internet of Things
13 2 (0.36%) Online Games
13 2 (0.36%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 38 (6.88%) Linux
2 17 (3.08%) Windows
3 8 (1.45%) Apple iOS
4 7 (1.27%) Android
4 7 (1.27%) Unix
4 7 (1.27%) Windows 8
5 5 (0.91%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.54%) CentOS
7 2 (0.36%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 264 (47.83%) Agile Software Development
2 262 (47.46%) Front End Development
3 139 (25.18%) Responsive Web Design
4 130 (23.55%) TDD
5 118 (21.38%) E-Commerce
6 109 (19.75%) Scrum
7 104 (18.84%) OO
8 78 (14.13%) MVC
9 67 (12.14%) Web Design
10 61 (11.05%) BDD
11 60 (10.87%) Web Development
12 53 (9.60%) SEO
13 46 (8.33%) Unit Testing
14 30 (5.43%) Continuous Integration
15 26 (4.71%) Progressive Enhancement
16 25 (4.53%) Mobile First
17 23 (4.17%) Automated Testing
18 21 (3.80%) Pair Programming
19 20 (3.62%) Continuous Improvement
20 18 (3.26%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 495 (89.67%) JavaScript
2 133 (24.09%) PHP
3 56 (10.14%) Java
4 34 (6.16%) ES6
5 28 (5.07%) SQL
6 24 (4.35%) TypeScript
7 23 (4.17%) C#
8 20 (3.62%) Python
9 15 (2.72%) XPath
10 13 (2.36%) CoffeeScript
11 12 (2.17%) C
12 10 (1.81%) Scala
13 9 (1.63%) ECMAScript
14 7 (1.27%) XAML
15 6 (1.09%) Bash Shell
15 6 (1.09%) JSX
16 5 (0.91%) Ruby
17 3 (0.54%) Apple Swift
18 2 (0.36%) PHP 5
19 1 (0.18%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 25 (4.53%) Degree
2 8 (1.45%) Security Cleared
3 3 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.18%) A+ Certification
4 1 (0.18%) DBS Check
4 1 (0.18%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.18%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.54%) QA
1 3 (0.54%) WAI
2 2 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
2 2 (0.36%) WCAG
System Software
1 7 (1.27%) Docker
2 3 (0.54%) vCloud
3 2 (0.36%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 5 (0.91%) Kibana
2 4 (0.72%) Ansible
2 4 (0.72%) Salt
3 3 (0.54%) logstash
3 3 (0.54%) Puppet
3 3 (0.54%) Rundeck
3 3 (0.54%) ZABBIX
4 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 35 (6.34%) Adobe
2 27 (4.89%) Twitter
3 25 (4.53%) Microsoft
4 21 (3.80%) Google
5 20 (3.62%) Zend
6 10 (1.81%) Facebook
7 7 (1.27%) IBM
8 5 (0.91%) Oracle
9 4 (0.72%) EPiServer
10 3 (0.54%) DevExpress
10 3 (0.54%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.54%) SAP
10 3 (0.54%) Telerik
10 3 (0.54%) VMware
11 2 (0.36%) ESRI
11 2 (0.36%) hybris
11 2 (0.36%) Sitecore
11 2 (0.36%) Sun
12 1 (0.18%) Atlassian
12 1 (0.18%) Omniture
London
Tiro Consultants
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Linux Recruit
Rate: From £45,000 to £65,000 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
Leeds, Yorkshire
Integrity IT Solutions Limited
Posted: 15 hours ago
Leeds, Yorkshire
Integrity IT Solutions Limited
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Leeds, Yorkshire
Integrity IT Solutions Limited
Posted: Yesterday
London
Computer Futures
Rate: £400 - £401 per day + competitive
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venn Group
Posted: 2 days ago
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
Circle Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Real Staffing
Rate: competitive
Posted: 8 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 10 days ago
London
Talent Point
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 26 days ago