The table below looks at the statistics for LESS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 30 March 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
30 Mar 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
Rank 390 404 513
Rank change year-on-year
+14 +109
Contract jobs citing LESS 195 173 30
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 0.36% 0.33% 0.065%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.37% 1.21% 0.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 139 124 25
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £338 £330
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.70% +2.27%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £238 £299 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £475 £448 £395
UK excluding London average daily rate £340 £306 £330
% change year-on-year
+11.02% -7.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Average hourly rate £17.86 - -
UK excluding London average hourly rate £17.86 - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14252 14271 12387
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 26.34% 27.22% 27.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 9268 9086 7820
Average daily rate £388 £375 £363
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% +3.44%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £260 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £548 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £330 £325
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 177 223 322
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.18 £16.95 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.50 £55.00 £43.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.00 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+2.85% -

LESS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

LESS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 30 March 2015.

LESS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

LESS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS within the UK.

LESS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 30 March 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 177 £350 +3.70% 80
London +1 121 £375 +7.14% 37
City of London +36 37 £325 -24.41% 11
Yorkshire +3 15 £229 -34.64% 3
South East -13 15 £350 +75.00% 15
Scotland +2 12 £375 +50.00% 8
East Midlands - 12 £420 - 2
Berkshire +3 8 £350 +180.00% 2
Hull - 7 £206 -
East Yorkshire - 7 £206 -
Edinburgh - 6 £331 - 7
South West -24 5 £356 +18.75% 3
East of England +10 4 £388 -3.12% 6
Reading +5 3 £350 +75.00% 1
Glasgow -4 3 £400 +60.00% 1
Leeds -6 3 £233 -33.57%
West Yorkshire -11 3 £233 -33.57% 2
North West -20 3 £244 -18.75% 6
West Midlands - 3 £219 - 2
East Sussex -4 2 £330 +1.53% 2
Brighton -4 2 £330 +1.53% 2
Manchester -15 2 £244 -18.75%
Birmingham - 2 £244 - 1
Devon - 2 - -
Surrey - 2 £400 - 6
Essex +10 1 - -
Bath +5 1 £325 -1.88%
Cheshire +1 1 - - 5
Buckinghamshire -3 1 £300 +140.00%
Somerset -9 1 £325 -1.88% 2

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 March 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS.

1 354 (98.06%) CSS
2 337 (93.35%) HTML
3 331 (91.69%) JavaScript
4 299 (82.83%) HTML5
5 292 (80.89%) Sass
6 260 (72.02%) CSS3
7 203 (56.23%) AngularJS
8 196 (54.29%) jQuery
9 147 (40.72%) Backbone.js
10 110 (30.47%) User Experience
10 110 (30.47%) Agile Software Development
11 109 (30.19%) Responsive Web Design
12 108 (29.92%) OO
13 101 (27.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 93 (25.76%) Node.js
15 79 (21.88%) Git (software)
16 78 (21.61%) MVC
17 67 (18.56%) Ajax
18 62 (17.17%) TDD
19 61 (16.90%) PHP
20 60 (16.62%) Web Development
20 60 (16.62%) Jasmine
21 55 (15.24%) Grunt
22 53 (14.68%) JSON
23 51 (14.13%) REST
24 48 (13.30%) KnockoutJS
24 48 (13.30%) Photoshop
25 45 (12.47%) Ember.js
26 43 (11.91%) Java
26 43 (11.91%) .NET

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 30 March 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing LESS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited LESS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 93 (25.76%) Node.js
2 34 (9.42%) CMS
3 20 (5.54%) WordPress
4 17 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (4.43%) Umbraco
6 12 (3.32%) nginx
7 8 (2.22%) Drupal
8 6 (1.66%) Apache Solr
9 5 (1.39%) Moodle
9 5 (1.39%) Apache
9 5 (1.39%) FileNet
9 5 (1.39%) Adobe CQ
10 4 (1.11%) ExpressionEngine
10 4 (1.11%) Liferay
11 3 (0.83%) Confluence
12 2 (0.55%) Facebook Platform
12 2 (0.55%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.55%) IIS
12 2 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
13 1 (0.28%) Lightstreamer
Applications
1 48 (13.30%) Photoshop
2 12 (3.32%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (2.22%) Fireworks
4 4 (1.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (2.77%) Magento
2 4 (1.11%) Tridion
3 3 (0.83%) Google Analytics
3 3 (0.83%) osCommerce
4 1 (0.28%) WebTrends
4 1 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 11 (3.05%) GitHub
2 7 (1.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (1.11%) SaaS
4 3 (0.83%) MailChimp
4 3 (0.83%) Amazon AWS
5 1 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.28%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
5 1 (0.28%) PaaS
5 1 (0.28%) Heroku
5 1 (0.28%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 24 (6.65%) HTTP
2 11 (3.05%) Internet
3 7 (1.94%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.55%) Intranet
5 1 (0.28%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (7.20%) MongoDB
2 24 (6.65%) MySQL
3 19 (5.26%) NoSQL
4 16 (4.43%) SQL Server
5 14 (3.88%) Apache Cassandra
6 12 (3.32%) Redis
7 10 (2.77%) SQL Server 2008
8 6 (1.66%) Triplestore
9 5 (1.39%) SQL Server 2012
10 4 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.83%) PostgreSQL
12 1 (0.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 1 (0.28%) Jackrabbit
12 1 (0.28%) Hadoop
12 1 (0.28%) DB2
12 1 (0.28%) Relational Database
12 1 (0.28%) Neo4j
12 1 (0.28%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 79 (21.88%) Git (software)
2 60 (16.62%) Jasmine
3 55 (15.24%) Grunt
4 31 (8.59%) Bower
5 30 (8.31%) Subversion
6 26 (7.20%) Selenium
7 25 (6.93%) Cucumber
8 23 (6.37%) WebDriver
8 23 (6.37%) Karma Test Runner
9 18 (4.99%) Mocha
10 9 (2.49%) QUnit
10 9 (2.49%) Bitbucket
11 7 (1.94%) Sinon.JS
11 7 (1.94%) Visual Studio
12 5 (1.39%) Eclipse
12 5 (1.39%) JSUnit
12 5 (1.39%) JIRA
13 4 (1.11%) Dreamweaver
14 3 (0.83%) Ant
14 3 (0.83%) NUnit
General
1 39 (10.80%) Finance
2 21 (5.82%) Banking
2 21 (5.82%) Retail
3 12 (3.32%) Investment Banking
4 11 (3.05%) Marketing
4 11 (3.05%) Games
5 9 (2.49%) Publishing
6 7 (1.94%) Advertising
7 5 (1.39%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.55%) Legal
8 2 (0.55%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.28%) Back Office
9 1 (0.28%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 337 (93.35%) Developer
2 197 (54.57%) Front-End Developer
3 63 (17.45%) JavaScript Developer
4 44 (12.19%) Web Developer
5 30 (8.31%) UI Developer
5 30 (8.31%) UI Programmer
6 19 (5.26%) Front-End Web Developer
7 18 (4.99%) .NET Developer
8 17 (4.71%) Senior Developer
9 11 (3.05%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 8 (2.22%) Designer
11 7 (1.94%) Node.js Developer
11 7 (1.94%) PHP Developer
12 6 (1.66%) HTML Developer
12 6 (1.66%) Full Stack Developer
13 4 (1.11%) AWS Developer
13 4 (1.11%) CSS Developer
13 4 (1.11%) Web Designer
13 4 (1.11%) Junior Developer
13 4 (1.11%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 354 (98.06%) CSS
2 337 (93.35%) HTML
3 299 (82.83%) HTML5
4 292 (80.89%) Sass
5 260 (72.02%) CSS3
6 203 (56.23%) AngularJS
7 196 (54.29%) jQuery
8 147 (40.72%) Backbone.js
9 101 (27.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 67 (18.56%) Ajax
11 53 (14.68%) JSON
12 51 (14.13%) REST
13 48 (13.30%) KnockoutJS
14 45 (12.47%) Ember.js
15 43 (11.91%) .NET
16 32 (8.86%) D3.js
17 21 (5.82%) Web Services
17 21 (5.82%) Semantic HTML
18 19 (5.26%) Ext JS
18 19 (5.26%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 110 (30.47%) User Experience
2 29 (8.03%) Mobile App
3 19 (5.26%) W3C
4 11 (3.05%) Visualisation
5 8 (2.22%) Digital Media
6 7 (1.94%) Online Games
7 6 (1.66%) Computer Science
7 6 (1.66%) Client/Server
7 6 (1.66%) Analytical Skills
8 4 (1.11%) RIA
9 3 (0.83%) iPad
9 3 (0.83%) Smartphone
9 3 (0.83%) Graphic Design
9 3 (0.83%) Animation
9 3 (0.83%) Human Factors
10 2 (0.55%) Web 2.0
10 2 (0.55%) Open Source
10 2 (0.55%) Social Media
10 2 (0.55%) FMCG
10 2 (0.55%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 18 (4.99%) Linux
2 8 (2.22%) Windows
3 7 (1.94%) Android
4 5 (1.39%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.55%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.28%) Solaris
6 1 (0.28%) UNIX
6 1 (0.28%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 110 (30.47%) Agile Software Development
2 109 (30.19%) Responsive Web Design
3 108 (29.92%) OO
4 78 (21.61%) MVC
5 62 (17.17%) TDD
6 60 (16.62%) Web Development
7 41 (11.36%) BDD
8 34 (9.42%) E-Commerce
9 30 (8.31%) Scrum
9 30 (8.31%) Web Design
10 24 (6.65%) Unit Testing
11 17 (4.71%) Continuous Integration
11 17 (4.71%) Mobile Application Development
11 17 (4.71%) DevOps
12 14 (3.88%) Progressive Enhancement
12 14 (3.88%) Waterfall
13 11 (3.05%) Kanban
14 10 (2.77%) MVVM
14 10 (2.77%) SEO
15 9 (2.49%) Mobile Development
Programming Languages
1 331 (91.69%) JavaScript
2 61 (16.90%) PHP
3 43 (11.91%) Java
4 34 (9.42%) C#
5 15 (4.16%) C
6 14 (3.88%) Ruby
7 12 (3.32%) Scala
8 9 (2.49%) Clojure
9 8 (2.22%) Python
10 7 (1.94%) TypeScript
11 6 (1.66%) SPARQL
12 5 (1.39%) SQL
13 4 (1.11%) CoffeeScript
14 3 (0.83%) VB
14 3 (0.83%) Dart
15 2 (0.55%) PHP5
16 1 (0.28%) F#
16 1 (0.28%) Objective-C
16 1 (0.28%) Golang
16 1 (0.28%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 19 (5.26%) Degree
2 2 (0.55%) CIPD
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.77%) QA
Systems Management
1 11 (3.05%) Puppet
1 11 (3.05%) Ansible
2 1 (0.28%) OpenAM
Vendors
1 32 (8.86%) Adobe
2 15 (4.16%) Google
3 13 (3.60%) Twitter
4 10 (2.77%) Microsoft
5 7 (1.94%) IBM
6 6 (1.66%) Zend
7 5 (1.39%) Facebook
8 4 (1.11%) EPiServer
8 4 (1.11%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.55%) Oracle
9 2 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.28%) FatWire
10 1 (0.28%) VMware
10 1 (0.28%) Alterian
10 1 (0.28%) Omniture
10 1 (0.28%) SAP
10 1 (0.28%) Xamarin
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