The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 14 February 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
14 Feb 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 14 18 19
Rank change year-on-year
+4 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 1831 1654 1682
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 8.62% 7.88% 7.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.53% 26.49% 26.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 1395 1242 1157
Average daily rate £419 £400 £363
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.68% +10.34%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £267
10% offered a daily rate of more than £530 £525 £500
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £340 £325
% change year-on-year
+2.94% +4.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 11
Average hourly rate £46.50 £23.69 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+96.32% -32.32%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.43 £16.00 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £39.50 £147.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £32.50 £32.50 £30.50
% change year-on-year
- +6.55%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6651 6245 6390
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 31.30% 29.76% 29.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 4953 4665 4514
Average daily rate £450 £425 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% +6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £313 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £363 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 23 54
Average hourly rate £50.00 £27.37 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+82.68% -21.80%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £24.23 £16.30 £27.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £50.00 £77.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.25 £34.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+15.44% +3.03%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 14 February 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 14 February 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 14 February 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -4 210 £413 +3.12% 138
Croydon +4 24 £406 +12.06% 5
Bromley -1 10 £325 - 1
Westminster - 10 £419 - 1
Kingston Upon Thames +10 5 £475 +46.15% 3
Hammersmith - 5 £310 -
Docklands, London +8 4 £413 +185.46%
Canary Wharf -2 3 £438 -10.25%
Ealing -5 2 - -
Hounslow - 2 £375 - 1
Ilford - 2 £306 - 1
Southall - 2 £375 -
Feltham 0 1 - -
Uxbridge 0 1 - -
Wembley -2 1 £500 -
Clapham - 1 £350 -
Romford - 1 £375 -
Edgware - 1 £415 - 1
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 14 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 3753 (93.85%) HTML
2 3371 (84.30%) JavaScript
3 1957 (48.94%) HTML5
4 1888 (47.21%) Agile Software Development
5 1589 (39.73%) CSS3
6 1469 (36.73%) AngularJS
7 1236 (30.91%) jQuery
8 1180 (29.51%) Front End Development
9 1043 (26.08%) TDD
10 773 (19.33%) Java
11 765 (19.13%) Git (software)
12 746 (18.65%) Node.js
13 705 (17.63%) MVC
14 685 (17.13%) .NET
15 663 (16.58%) Sass
16 640 (16.00%) OO
17 639 (15.98%) User Experience
18 629 (15.73%) PHP
19 623 (15.58%) Scrum
20 570 (14.25%) C#
21 545 (13.63%) BDD
22 527 (13.18%) SQL
23 494 (12.35%) Finance
24 482 (12.05%) Web Services
25 476 (11.90%) Backbone.js
26 451 (11.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 451 (11.28%) Web Development
27 445 (11.13%) Responsive Web Design
28 420 (10.50%) ASP.NET
29 402 (10.05%) E-Commerce

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

For the 6 months to 14 February 2016, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 746 (18.65%) Node.js
2 325 (8.13%) CMS
3 158 (3.95%) Drupal
4 142 (3.55%) WordPress
5 138 (3.45%) Apache
6 103 (2.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 88 (2.20%) SharePoint
8 69 (1.73%) IIS
8 69 (1.73%) Tomcat
9 68 (1.70%) Confluence
10 46 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
11 45 (1.13%) JBoss
12 43 (1.08%) Umbraco
13 39 (0.98%) SharePoint 2013
14 37 (0.93%) SharePoint 2010
15 28 (0.70%) WebSphere
16 27 (0.68%) Apache Solr
17 19 (0.48%) Alfresco
18 16 (0.40%) Joomla!
19 15 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 268 (6.70%) Photoshop
2 136 (3.40%) Adobe Illustrator
3 82 (2.05%) MS Excel
4 68 (1.70%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 36 (0.90%) MS Visio
6 34 (0.85%) OmniGraffle
7 31 (0.78%) MS Office
8 18 (0.45%) InDesign
9 16 (0.40%) InfoPath
10 11 (0.28%) Fireworks
10 11 (0.28%) SPSS
11 10 (0.25%) MS PowerPoint
12 8 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
13 6 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
14 5 (0.13%) MS Project
14 5 (0.13%) SketchUp
15 2 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
15 2 (0.050%) Stata
Business Applications
1 36 (0.90%) Magento
2 26 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 12 (0.30%) Eloqua
5 9 (0.23%) BigMachines
6 8 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.15%) WebTrends
8 5 (0.13%) Unica
9 3 (0.075%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.075%) Dynamics AX
9 3 (0.075%) ResourceLink
9 3 (0.075%) Unit4 Business World
10 1 (0.025%) Endur
10 1 (0.025%) ION MarketView
10 1 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
10 1 (0.025%) Oracle Retail
10 1 (0.025%) osCommerce
10 1 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 1 (0.025%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 155 (3.88%) Amazon AWS
2 137 (3.43%) GitHub
3 77 (1.93%) Microsoft Azure
4 51 (1.28%) SaaS
5 28 (0.70%) Google Analytics
5 28 (0.70%) Heroku
6 26 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
7 19 (0.48%) Amazon S3
8 16 (0.40%) AWS CloudFormation
8 16 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
9 15 (0.38%) Adobe Analytics
10 14 (0.35%) Force.com
11 11 (0.28%) Office 365
11 11 (0.28%) PaaS
12 9 (0.23%) Google Cloud Platform
13 7 (0.18%) CloudFront
13 7 (0.18%) Google App Engine
13 7 (0.18%) Google Apps
14 6 (0.15%) IaaS
15 5 (0.13%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 151 (3.78%) HTTP
2 101 (2.53%) Internet
3 40 (1.00%) SSL
4 28 (0.70%) Intranet
5 24 (0.60%) TCP/IP
6 19 (0.48%) VPN
7 15 (0.38%) DNS
7 15 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
8 14 (0.35%) Bluetooth
8 14 (0.35%) ZigBee
9 13 (0.33%) 802.15
9 13 (0.33%) HTTPS
9 13 (0.33%) LDAP
9 13 (0.33%) X.509
10 11 (0.28%) Firewall
11 9 (0.23%) SNMP
12 8 (0.20%) FTP
12 8 (0.20%) Remote Desktop
13 6 (0.15%) MVNO
14 5 (0.13%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 386 (9.65%) MySQL
2 364 (9.10%) SQL Server
3 226 (5.65%) MongoDB
4 157 (3.93%) NoSQL
5 138 (3.45%) Relational Database
6 132 (3.30%) PostgreSQL
7 70 (1.75%) Redis
8 61 (1.53%) SQL Server 2008
9 51 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
10 43 (1.08%) Big Data
10 43 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
11 35 (0.88%) Oracle Database
12 32 (0.80%) RDBMS
13 31 (0.78%) Hadoop
14 30 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 28 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 26 (0.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 26 (0.65%) Jackrabbit
17 22 (0.55%) QlikView
18 21 (0.53%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 765 (19.13%) Git (software)
2 299 (7.48%) Grunt
3 233 (5.83%) Jasmine
4 229 (5.73%) Subversion
5 198 (4.95%) JIRA
6 178 (4.45%) gulp
7 143 (3.58%) Jenkins
8 126 (3.15%) Mocha
9 116 (2.90%) Selenium
10 114 (2.85%) Protractor
11 112 (2.80%) Maven
12 110 (2.75%) Cucumber
13 101 (2.53%) Visual Studio
14 88 (2.20%) Karma Test Runner
15 82 (2.05%) TeamCity
16 75 (1.88%) Team Foundation Server
17 72 (1.80%) Axure RP
18 69 (1.73%) QUnit
19 62 (1.55%) JUnit
19 62 (1.55%) NUnit
General
1 494 (12.35%) Finance
2 260 (6.50%) Banking
3 230 (5.75%) Marketing
4 121 (3.03%) Retail
5 107 (2.68%) Investment Banking
6 81 (2.03%) Publishing
7 77 (1.93%) Advertising
8 72 (1.80%) Games
9 58 (1.45%) Telecoms
10 46 (1.15%) Front Office
11 32 (0.80%) Financial Institution
11 32 (0.80%) Legal
12 27 (0.68%) Electronics
13 24 (0.60%) Manufacturing
14 20 (0.50%) Law
15 16 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
16 10 (0.25%) Local Government
17 8 (0.20%) Back Office
18 6 (0.15%) Automotive
19 5 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 3373 (84.35%) Developer
2 1046 (26.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 995 (24.88%) JavaScript Developer
4 551 (13.78%) HTML Developer
5 419 (10.48%) Angular Developer
6 412 (10.30%) HTML CSS Developer
7 388 (9.70%) Senior Developer
8 357 (8.93%) Web Developer
9 312 (7.80%) .NET Developer
10 310 (7.75%) Java Developer
11 271 (6.78%) UI Developer
12 235 (5.88%) C# Developer
13 217 (5.43%) Designer
14 214 (5.35%) PHP Developer
15 185 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
16 178 (4.45%) C# .NET Developer
17 154 (3.85%) Node.js Developer
18 143 (3.58%) Agile Developer
19 135 (3.38%) ASP.NET Developer
20 118 (2.95%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3753 (93.85%) HTML
2 1957 (48.94%) HTML5
3 1589 (39.73%) CSS3
4 1469 (36.73%) AngularJS
5 1236 (30.91%) jQuery
6 685 (17.13%) .NET
7 663 (16.58%) Sass
8 482 (12.05%) Web Services
9 476 (11.90%) Backbone.js
10 451 (11.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 420 (10.50%) ASP.NET
12 395 (9.88%) RESTful
13 394 (9.85%) React
14 388 (9.70%) XML
15 366 (9.15%) Ajax
16 325 (8.13%) REST
17 322 (8.05%) JSON
18 288 (7.20%) LESS
19 253 (6.33%) Spring
20 224 (5.60%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 639 (15.98%) User Experience
2 173 (4.33%) Mobile App
3 143 (3.58%) Computer Science
4 137 (3.43%) Analytical Skills
5 105 (2.63%) Visualisation
6 75 (1.88%) W3C
7 50 (1.25%) Fintech
8 47 (1.18%) Animation
9 46 (1.15%) Social Media
10 44 (1.10%) Digital Media
11 36 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 33 (0.83%) Algorithms
13 31 (0.78%) Enterprise Software
14 28 (0.70%) Data Structures
15 27 (0.68%) Online Games
16 26 (0.65%) Graphic Design
17 23 (0.58%) Inversion of Control
17 23 (0.58%) RIA
18 22 (0.55%) Mathematics
19 21 (0.53%) Photography
Operating Systems
1 295 (7.38%) Linux
2 156 (3.90%) Unix
3 124 (3.10%) Windows
4 78 (1.95%) Android
5 73 (1.83%) Apple iOS
6 43 (1.08%) Windows Server
7 42 (1.05%) Mac OS X
8 36 (0.90%) Mac OS
9 13 (0.33%) CentOS
9 13 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 10 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
10 10 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.20%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.075%) Debian
14 1 (0.025%) AIX
14 1 (0.025%) Solaris
14 1 (0.025%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.025%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1888 (47.21%) Agile Software Development
2 1180 (29.51%) Front End Development
3 1043 (26.08%) TDD
4 705 (17.63%) MVC
5 640 (16.00%) OO
6 623 (15.58%) Scrum
7 545 (13.63%) BDD
8 451 (11.28%) Web Development
9 445 (11.13%) Responsive Web Design
10 402 (10.05%) E-Commerce
11 330 (8.25%) Continuous Integration
12 251 (6.28%) Unit Testing
13 184 (4.60%) Kanban
14 173 (4.33%) Pair Programming
15 168 (4.20%) OOP
16 152 (3.80%) Web Design
17 140 (3.50%) Software Engineering
18 134 (3.35%) Open Source
19 130 (3.25%) SOA
20 122 (3.05%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3371 (84.30%) JavaScript
2 773 (19.33%) Java
3 629 (15.73%) PHP
4 570 (14.25%) C#
5 527 (13.18%) SQL
6 291 (7.28%) Python
7 234 (5.85%) Ruby
8 150 (3.75%) Scala
9 104 (2.60%) ES6
10 73 (1.83%) Perl
10 73 (1.83%) T-SQL
11 55 (1.38%) Groovy
12 47 (1.18%) Bash Shell
13 46 (1.15%) Shell Script
14 44 (1.10%) C
15 43 (1.08%) Go
16 39 (0.98%) C++
17 38 (0.95%) CoffeeScript
18 37 (0.93%) Apex Code
19 34 (0.85%) ECMAScript
Qualifications
1 226 (5.65%) Degree
2 90 (2.25%) Security Cleared
3 56 (1.40%) SC Cleared
4 12 (0.30%) DV Cleared
5 11 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (0.20%) SAS Certification
7 5 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (0.10%) CBAP
8 4 (0.10%) PhD
9 3 (0.075%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.075%) PMP
10 2 (0.050%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.050%) MBA
10 2 (0.050%) MCSA
10 2 (0.050%) MCT
11 1 (0.025%) CCIE
11 1 (0.025%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.025%) MCAD
11 1 (0.025%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (1.95%) QA
2 26 (0.65%) WCAG
3 25 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
4 14 (0.35%) WAI
5 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.13%) SLA
7 3 (0.075%) Basel III
7 3 (0.075%) CRD IV
8 1 (0.025%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.025%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.025%) MiFID
8 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.025%) PMBOK
System Software
1 36 (0.90%) Docker
2 21 (0.53%) Varnish
3 14 (0.35%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.10%) vCloud
5 1 (0.025%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.025%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 41 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
2 37 (0.93%) Puppet
3 14 (0.35%) Ansible
4 9 (0.23%) Kibana
5 8 (0.20%) Salt
6 7 (0.18%) logstash
7 6 (0.15%) Capistrano
7 6 (0.15%) Rundeck
8 5 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.10%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.075%) TeamSite
11 2 (0.050%) CA Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.050%) Kubernetes
11 2 (0.050%) Nagios
11 2 (0.050%) SCOM
11 2 (0.050%) yum
12 1 (0.025%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 1 (0.025%) cPanel
12 1 (0.025%) Jitterbit
12 1 (0.025%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 272 (6.80%) Adobe
2 195 (4.88%) Microsoft
3 157 (3.93%) Oracle
4 83 (2.08%) Zend
5 77 (1.93%) Google
6 70 (1.75%) Twitter
7 59 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
8 56 (1.40%) ServiceNow
9 36 (0.90%) Facebook
9 36 (0.90%) SAP
10 35 (0.88%) Sitecore
11 25 (0.63%) EPiServer
12 24 (0.60%) Atlassian
12 24 (0.60%) Telerik
13 19 (0.48%) hybris
14 17 (0.43%) IBM
15 12 (0.30%) ATG
16 11 (0.28%) New Relic
16 11 (0.28%) Red Hat
17 10 (0.25%) Rackspace
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
PCR
Rate: £350 - £395 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Preferred Choice
Rate: £200 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West London
First Point
Rate: £300.00 - £375.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Experis Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
Croydon, Surrey
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
CodeSource Recruitment Limited
Rate: From £350 to £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Reed Technology
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bromley, Kent
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £120 - £350.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Mercator IT Solutions
Rate: £Excellent Consultancy Rates
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Tiro Consultants
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Linux Recruit
Rate: From £45,000 to £65,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
West London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Square One Resources
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Logic Engagements Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Market rate
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Costello & Reyes Limited
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £150.00 - £200.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago