The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 29 April 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
29 Apr 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 14 20 17
Rank change year-on-year
+6 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS 1979 1702 1916
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 8.60% 7.60% 8.20%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.34% 24.88% 27.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 1556 1209 1439
Average daily rate £425 £388 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+9.67% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £301 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £500
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 13 2
Average hourly rate £21.64 £22.18 £182.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-2.43% -87.84%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.74 £16.43 £176.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.86 £49.47 £188.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £22.60 £36.50 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-38.07% +14.06%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7239 6841 6986
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 31.46% 30.53% 29.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 5478 4872 5056
Average daily rate £450 £425 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% +6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £310 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £375 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 33 31
Average hourly rate £25.13 £22.18 £45.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+13.27% -50.71%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.52 £19.00 £30.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.75 £55.00 £175.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £37.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-5.40% +5.71%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 29 April 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 29 April 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +4 274 £425 +11.11% 132
Croydon +12 27 £425 +19.71% 2
Bromley -10 11 £325 -23.52% 3
Westminster - 9 £425 -
Hammersmith +5 4 £325 -15.03%
Hounslow +4 3 £425 -34.61%
Canary Wharf +1 3 £375 +5.63%
Twickenham -1 3 £150 -53.84% 3
Kingston Upon Thames +3 2 £475 +26.66% 3
Clapham - 2 £350 -
Chiswick - 2 £350 -
Docklands, London +7 1 £413 +73.86%
Harrow -12 1 £350 +7.69% 3
Ilford - 1 £450 -
Southall - 1 £375 -
Teddington - 1 £275 - 2
Edgware - 1 £300 -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 29 April 2016, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 3571 (93.92%) HTML
2 3207 (84.35%) JavaScript
3 1895 (49.84%) HTML5
4 1855 (48.79%) Agile Software Development
5 1564 (41.14%) CSS3
6 1375 (36.17%) AngularJS
7 1139 (29.96%) Front End Development
8 1082 (28.46%) jQuery
9 937 (24.64%) TDD
10 840 (22.09%) Java
11 739 (19.44%) Web Development
12 716 (18.83%) Git (software)
13 700 (18.41%) Node.js
14 673 (17.70%) MVC
15 668 (17.57%) Sass
16 666 (17.52%) User Experience
17 643 (16.91%) OO
18 627 (16.49%) Scrum
19 594 (15.62%) .NET
20 577 (15.18%) PHP
21 517 (13.60%) Finance
22 515 (13.55%) C#
23 504 (13.26%) BDD
24 492 (12.94%) React
25 473 (12.44%) SQL
26 454 (11.94%) MySQL
27 442 (11.63%) Web Services
28 412 (10.84%) XML
29 411 (10.81%) Twitter Bootstrap
30 388 (10.21%) E-Commerce

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

For the 6 months to 29 April 2016, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 700 (18.41%) Node.js
2 282 (7.42%) CMS
3 150 (3.95%) WordPress
4 114 (3.00%) Drupal
5 101 (2.66%) Apache
6 92 (2.42%) Tomcat
7 73 (1.92%) SharePoint
8 72 (1.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 66 (1.74%) Confluence
10 56 (1.47%) IIS
11 52 (1.37%) nginx
12 47 (1.24%) Umbraco
13 46 (1.21%) Jetty
14 44 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
15 34 (0.89%) JBoss
16 33 (0.87%) WebSphere
17 25 (0.66%) Moodle
17 25 (0.66%) SharePoint 2013
18 22 (0.58%) Apache Solr
18 22 (0.58%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 232 (6.10%) Photoshop
2 109 (2.87%) Adobe Illustrator
3 89 (2.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 77 (2.03%) MS Excel
5 58 (1.53%) MS Visio
6 41 (1.08%) OmniGraffle
7 31 (0.82%) MS Office
8 19 (0.50%) SPSS
9 17 (0.45%) MS PowerPoint
10 10 (0.26%) Stata
11 8 (0.21%) InDesign
11 8 (0.21%) InfoPath
12 7 (0.18%) Fireworks
13 4 (0.11%) GIMP
14 3 (0.079%) Adobe Captivate
15 2 (0.053%) Adobe After Effects
15 2 (0.053%) MS Project
16 1 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
16 1 (0.026%) Edge Animate
16 1 (0.026%) FrameMaker
Business Applications
1 51 (1.34%) Magento
2 28 (0.74%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 17 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
4 15 (0.39%) Eloqua
5 12 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
6 11 (0.29%) WebTrends
7 10 (0.26%) BigMachines
8 7 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
8 7 (0.18%) Unica
9 6 (0.16%) OpenText VIM for SAP
10 5 (0.13%) ION MarketView
11 2 (0.053%) Radian6
11 2 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
11 2 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 1 (0.026%) Dynamics AX
12 1 (0.026%) Endur
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle BPM
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle EBS
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle Retail
12 1 (0.026%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 169 (4.45%) Amazon AWS
2 112 (2.95%) GitHub
3 73 (1.92%) Microsoft Azure
4 58 (1.53%) SaaS
5 28 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
5 28 (0.74%) Google Analytics
6 26 (0.68%) Heroku
7 25 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
8 23 (0.60%) Google Cloud Platform
9 20 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
10 19 (0.50%) Amazon S3
11 16 (0.42%) Force.com
12 15 (0.39%) Google App Engine
12 15 (0.39%) Office 365
13 12 (0.32%) CloudFront
14 9 (0.24%) MailChimp
15 8 (0.21%) PaaS
16 6 (0.16%) Adobe Analytics
17 5 (0.13%) Amazon ELB
17 5 (0.13%) Lucidchart
Communications & Networking
1 143 (3.76%) HTTP
2 81 (2.13%) Internet
3 31 (0.82%) TCP/IP
4 29 (0.76%) SSL
5 21 (0.55%) DNS
6 18 (0.47%) HTTPS
7 17 (0.45%) SNMP
8 14 (0.37%) Intranet
9 13 (0.34%) Bluetooth
9 13 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
9 13 (0.34%) ZigBee
10 12 (0.32%) 802.15
10 12 (0.32%) VPN
10 12 (0.32%) X.509
11 10 (0.26%) Network Security
12 8 (0.21%) Firewall
12 8 (0.21%) LDAP
12 8 (0.21%) Remote Desktop
13 6 (0.16%) FTP
13 6 (0.16%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 454 (11.94%) MySQL
2 339 (8.92%) SQL Server
3 228 (6.00%) MongoDB
4 174 (4.58%) NoSQL
5 141 (3.71%) Relational Database
6 138 (3.63%) PostgreSQL
7 57 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
8 53 (1.39%) SQL Server 2008
9 46 (1.21%) Redis
10 44 (1.16%) Big Data
11 43 (1.13%) Neo4j
12 42 (1.10%) Apache Hive
12 42 (1.10%) RDBMS
13 41 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
14 40 (1.05%) Hadoop
15 39 (1.03%) Oracle Database
16 29 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 29 (0.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 27 (0.71%) Impala
18 25 (0.66%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 716 (18.83%) Git (software)
2 294 (7.73%) Grunt
3 243 (6.39%) Subversion
4 214 (5.63%) gulp
5 200 (5.26%) Jasmine
6 178 (4.68%) JIRA
7 138 (3.63%) Mocha
8 135 (3.55%) Jenkins
9 133 (3.50%) Maven
10 111 (2.92%) JUnit
11 99 (2.60%) Cucumber
12 93 (2.45%) Selenium
12 93 (2.45%) TeamCity
13 90 (2.37%) Karma Test Runner
14 88 (2.31%) Protractor
15 79 (2.08%) Visual Studio
16 75 (1.97%) Axure RP
17 65 (1.71%) Mockito
18 52 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
19 50 (1.32%) QUnit
General
1 517 (13.60%) Finance
2 291 (7.65%) Banking
3 220 (5.79%) Marketing
4 128 (3.37%) Investment Banking
5 113 (2.97%) Retail
6 75 (1.97%) Publishing
7 72 (1.89%) Games
8 58 (1.53%) Telecoms
9 56 (1.47%) Advertising
10 50 (1.32%) Front Office
11 34 (0.89%) Manufacturing
12 31 (0.82%) Electronics
13 30 (0.79%) Law
14 26 (0.68%) Legal
15 18 (0.47%) Financial Institution
15 18 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
16 13 (0.34%) Back Office
17 8 (0.21%) Local Government
18 6 (0.16%) Retail Banking
19 5 (0.13%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3118 (82.01%) Developer
2 965 (25.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 872 (22.94%) JavaScript Developer
4 404 (10.63%) HTML Developer
5 381 (10.02%) Senior Developer
6 337 (8.86%) Angular Developer
7 308 (8.10%) HTML CSS Developer
7 308 (8.10%) Java Developer
8 293 (7.71%) .NET Developer
9 277 (7.29%) Web Developer
10 257 (6.76%) Full Stack Developer
10 257 (6.76%) UI Developer
11 236 (6.21%) Designer
12 216 (5.68%) C# Developer
13 185 (4.87%) PHP Developer
14 161 (4.23%) C# .NET Developer
15 144 (3.79%) Agile Developer
16 138 (3.63%) Node.js Developer
17 130 (3.42%) ASP.NET Developer
18 119 (3.13%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3571 (93.92%) HTML
2 1895 (49.84%) HTML5
3 1564 (41.14%) CSS3
4 1375 (36.17%) AngularJS
5 1082 (28.46%) jQuery
6 668 (17.57%) Sass
7 594 (15.62%) .NET
8 492 (12.94%) React
9 442 (11.63%) Web Services
10 412 (10.84%) XML
11 411 (10.81%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 381 (10.02%) Ajax
13 380 (9.99%) Backbone.js
14 367 (9.65%) ASP.NET
15 320 (8.42%) REST
16 309 (8.13%) JSON
17 308 (8.10%) RESTful
18 307 (8.07%) Spring
19 276 (7.26%) LESS
20 209 (5.50%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 666 (17.52%) User Experience
2 222 (5.84%) Mobile App
3 130 (3.42%) Analytical Skills
4 124 (3.26%) Computer Science
5 115 (3.02%) Visualisation
6 72 (1.89%) W3C
7 70 (1.84%) Fintech
8 41 (1.08%) Algorithms
8 41 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 39 (1.03%) RIA
10 36 (0.95%) Social Media
11 35 (0.92%) Data Structures
12 34 (0.89%) Digital Media
12 34 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
13 32 (0.84%) Animation
14 30 (0.79%) Psychology
15 29 (0.76%) Inversion of Control
16 27 (0.71%) Derivative
17 26 (0.68%) e-Learning
18 25 (0.66%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 255 (6.71%) Linux
2 149 (3.92%) Unix
3 99 (2.60%) Windows
4 71 (1.87%) Android
5 64 (1.68%) Apple iOS
6 46 (1.21%) Mac OS X
7 38 (1.00%) Windows Server
8 35 (0.92%) Mac OS
9 22 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 12 (0.32%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.24%) CentOS
12 8 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.11%) Debian
14 3 (0.079%) Solaris
15 2 (0.053%) webOS
15 2 (0.053%) Windows 7
15 2 (0.053%) Windows Mobile
15 2 (0.053%) Windows Phone
15 2 (0.053%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1855 (48.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1139 (29.96%) Front End Development
3 937 (24.64%) TDD
4 739 (19.44%) Web Development
5 673 (17.70%) MVC
6 643 (16.91%) OO
7 627 (16.49%) Scrum
8 504 (13.26%) BDD
9 388 (10.21%) E-Commerce
10 378 (9.94%) Responsive Web Design
11 327 (8.60%) Continuous Integration
12 222 (5.84%) Unit Testing
13 181 (4.76%) Software Engineering
14 174 (4.58%) Pair Programming
15 171 (4.50%) Mentoring
16 168 (4.42%) OOP
17 158 (4.16%) Kanban
18 143 (3.76%) Web Design
19 133 (3.50%) Open Source
20 126 (3.31%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 3207 (84.35%) JavaScript
2 840 (22.09%) Java
3 577 (15.18%) PHP
4 515 (13.55%) C#
5 473 (12.44%) SQL
6 294 (7.73%) Python
7 264 (6.94%) Ruby
8 160 (4.21%) Scala
9 122 (3.21%) ES6
10 84 (2.21%) Perl
11 77 (2.03%) Groovy
12 68 (1.79%) T-SQL
13 50 (1.32%) Shell Script
14 45 (1.18%) Apex Code
14 45 (1.18%) Go
15 40 (1.05%) Bash Shell
15 40 (1.05%) C++
16 39 (1.03%) C
17 38 (1.00%) PowerShell
18 37 (0.97%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 204 (5.37%) Degree
2 91 (2.39%) Security Cleared
3 60 (1.58%) SC Cleared
4 28 (0.74%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (0.21%) SAS Certification
7 7 (0.18%) CBAP
8 4 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.079%) CCNA
9 3 (0.079%) ECDL
9 3 (0.079%) PhD
10 2 (0.053%) CCDA
10 2 (0.053%) CCDP
10 2 (0.053%) CCNP
10 2 (0.053%) HND
10 2 (0.053%) MCSE
10 2 (0.053%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.053%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (1.97%) QA
2 26 (0.68%) WAI
3 18 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
4 16 (0.42%) WCAG
5 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.13%) SLA
7 1 (0.026%) Basel III
7 1 (0.026%) CRD IV
7 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.026%) MiFID
7 1 (0.026%) PMBOK
7 1 (0.026%) SDET
System Software
1 40 (1.05%) Docker
2 18 (0.47%) Varnish
3 16 (0.42%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.053%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.053%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.026%) GlusterFS
6 1 (0.026%) KVM
6 1 (0.026%) LXC
6 1 (0.026%) Xen
Systems Management
1 39 (1.03%) Puppet
2 38 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
3 10 (0.26%) Kibana
4 8 (0.21%) Kubernetes
5 7 (0.18%) Ansible
6 6 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
7 5 (0.13%) TeamSite
8 4 (0.11%) yum
9 3 (0.079%) Capistrano
9 3 (0.079%) SCOM
10 2 (0.053%) CA Wily
10 2 (0.053%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.026%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 1 (0.026%) cPanel
11 1 (0.026%) logstash
11 1 (0.026%) Mesos
11 1 (0.026%) Nagios
11 1 (0.026%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 1 (0.026%) Oracle Identity Management
11 1 (0.026%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 271 (7.13%) Adobe
2 205 (5.39%) Oracle
3 164 (4.31%) Microsoft
4 84 (2.21%) Google
5 69 (1.81%) ServiceNow
6 67 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
7 64 (1.68%) Zend
8 51 (1.34%) SAP
9 50 (1.32%) Twitter
10 39 (1.03%) Atlassian
11 34 (0.89%) Sitecore
12 29 (0.76%) hybris
13 26 (0.68%) Facebook
14 23 (0.60%) Telerik
15 20 (0.53%) IBM
16 16 (0.42%) ATG
16 16 (0.42%) Red Hat
17 15 (0.39%) EPiServer
18 14 (0.37%) Informatica
18 14 (0.37%) RedDot
City, London
JM
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
South East London
Coded People
Rate: £100 - £200 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Arrows Group
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Wenham Carter
Rate: From £400 to £550 per day TBC
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Networking People
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
PCR
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
MPower+
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
West London
Clearwater People Solutions
Rate: £23000 - £24000 Per Annum pro rata
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: to £500 day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £500 - £650 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £650 per day + depending on experience
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £450 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £500 - £575 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £200 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Arrows Group
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West London
Aquent
Rate: Up to £600 per day Depending on Experience.
Posted: Yesterday
London
Eligo Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £220 - £240 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
ComputAppoint
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Client Server
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Networking People
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago