The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 27 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 13 20 15
Rank change year-on-year
+7 -5
Contract jobs citing CSS 2040 1800 2003
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 9.38% 7.83% 8.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.99% 25.01% 27.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 1628 1341 1479
Median daily rate £425 £375 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 12 14
Median hourly rate £42.60 £21.09 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+101.96% -50.37%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.46 £16.04 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £24.92 £52.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.75 £36.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-17.36% +12.50%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7038 7197 7247
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 32.36% 31.31% 31.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 5401 5229 5235
Median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% +1.19%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £310 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 49 34
Median hourly rate £40.00 £22.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+77.77% -50.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.00 £16.09 £17.80
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £60.00 £160.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-10.62% +14.28%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 27 June 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 27 June 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 27 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +13 347 £425 +13.33% 146
Croydon +3 37 £431 +11.29% 2
Westminster -8 10 £400 +17.64%
Wimbledon +3 7 £400 +18.51%
Bromley -5 6 £325 -38.09% 4
Uxbridge +4 4 £350 -9.67% 2
Docklands, London +10 3 £380 -
Canary Wharf +6 3 £470 -10.47%
Kingston Upon Thames +1 3 £290 -27.50% 3
Hammersmith +1 2 - - 1
Harrow -7 2 £350 +100.00% 1
Ruislip - 2 £225 - 3
Hounslow -1 1 £425 -34.61%
Twickenham -4 1 - -
Teddington - 1 £275 -
Barking - 1 - - 1
Brentford - 1 £475 -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 27 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3713 (94.36%) HTML
2 3338 (84.83%) JavaScript
3 2020 (51.33%) HTML5
4 1876 (47.67%) Agile Software Development
5 1642 (41.73%) CSS3
6 1419 (36.06%) AngularJS
7 1177 (29.91%) Front End Development
8 1110 (28.21%) jQuery
9 926 (23.53%) Java
10 913 (23.20%) TDD
11 765 (19.44%) Web Development
12 754 (19.16%) Node.js
13 743 (18.88%) Git (software)
14 735 (18.68%) Sass
15 697 (17.71%) MVC
16 675 (17.15%) User Experience
17 654 (16.62%) Scrum
18 651 (16.54%) .NET
19 643 (16.34%) OO
20 594 (15.10%) React
21 569 (14.46%) Finance
22 568 (14.43%) C#
23 539 (13.70%) SQL
24 520 (13.21%) PHP
25 469 (11.92%) XML
26 462 (11.74%) MySQL
27 460 (11.69%) Web Services
27 460 (11.69%) BDD
28 430 (10.93%) Ajax
29 416 (10.57%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 280 (7.12%) CMS
2 133 (3.38%) WordPress
3 114 (2.90%) Drupal
4 99 (2.52%) SharePoint
4 99 (2.52%) Tomcat
5 79 (2.01%) Apache
6 75 (1.91%) Confluence
7 68 (1.73%) nginx
8 65 (1.65%) IIS
9 62 (1.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 48 (1.22%) Jetty
10 48 (1.22%) Umbraco
11 47 (1.19%) Elasticsearch
12 39 (0.99%) SharePoint 2013
13 37 (0.94%) WebSphere
14 33 (0.84%) SharePoint 2010
15 30 (0.76%) WebLogic
16 23 (0.58%) JBoss
16 23 (0.58%) Moodle
17 21 (0.53%) uWSGI
Applications
1 212 (5.39%) Photoshop
2 100 (2.54%) Adobe Illustrator
3 89 (2.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 87 (2.21%) MS Excel
5 59 (1.50%) MS Visio
6 39 (0.99%) OmniGraffle
7 34 (0.86%) MS Office
8 21 (0.53%) SPSS
9 14 (0.36%) InfoPath
10 13 (0.33%) InDesign
11 12 (0.30%) Stata
12 11 (0.28%) MS PowerPoint
13 7 (0.18%) Fireworks
13 7 (0.18%) GIMP
14 5 (0.13%) MS Project
15 3 (0.076%) Adobe After Effects
15 3 (0.076%) Adobe Captivate
15 3 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
16 1 (0.025%) Acrobat
16 1 (0.025%) FrameMaker
Business Applications
1 65 (1.65%) Magento
2 28 (0.71%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 26 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
5 13 (0.33%) Eloqua
6 11 (0.28%) WebTrends
7 9 (0.23%) BigMachines
8 8 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
9 6 (0.15%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 6 (0.15%) Unica
10 5 (0.13%) ION MarketView
11 3 (0.076%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 3 (0.076%) Unit4 Business World
12 2 (0.051%) Radian6
13 1 (0.025%) Endur
13 1 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
13 1 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
13 1 (0.025%) Oracle Retail
13 1 (0.025%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 207 (5.26%) Amazon AWS
2 121 (3.07%) GitHub
3 102 (2.59%) Microsoft Azure
4 66 (1.68%) SaaS
5 33 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
6 26 (0.66%) Google Analytics
7 25 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
7 25 (0.64%) Office 365
8 24 (0.61%) Heroku
9 22 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
10 19 (0.48%) Cloud Computing
11 17 (0.43%) Amazon S3
12 14 (0.36%) Google App Engine
13 13 (0.33%) CloudFront
14 10 (0.25%) Force.com
15 9 (0.23%) PaaS
16 8 (0.20%) MailChimp
16 8 (0.20%) Route 53
17 7 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
17 7 (0.18%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 133 (3.38%) HTTP
2 87 (2.21%) Internet
3 26 (0.66%) LDAP
4 24 (0.61%) DNS
5 23 (0.58%) SNMP
6 21 (0.53%) TCP/IP
7 20 (0.51%) Intranet
8 19 (0.48%) Network Security
8 19 (0.48%) SSL
9 14 (0.36%) AMQP
10 13 (0.33%) Firewall
10 13 (0.33%) HTTPS
11 11 (0.28%) VPN
12 8 (0.20%) Remote Desktop
13 6 (0.15%) SMS
14 5 (0.13%) FTP
14 5 (0.13%) SSH
15 4 (0.10%) Cisco ASA
16 3 (0.076%) DHCP
16 3 (0.076%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (11.74%) MySQL
2 351 (8.92%) SQL Server
3 236 (6.00%) MongoDB
4 195 (4.96%) NoSQL
5 167 (4.24%) Relational Database
6 144 (3.66%) PostgreSQL
7 62 (1.58%) RDBMS
8 59 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
9 55 (1.40%) Neo4j
9 55 (1.40%) Oracle Database
10 54 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
11 50 (1.27%) Big Data
12 47 (1.19%) Hadoop
13 44 (1.12%) Apache Hive
14 33 (0.84%) Redis
14 33 (0.84%) SQL Server 2012
15 30 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 29 (0.74%) Impala
17 28 (0.71%) CouchDB
17 28 (0.71%) DB2
Development Applications
1 743 (18.88%) Git (software)
2 373 (9.48%) Grunt
3 282 (7.17%) gulp
4 227 (5.77%) Subversion
5 192 (4.88%) JIRA
6 178 (4.52%) Jasmine
7 150 (3.81%) Jenkins
8 141 (3.58%) Maven
9 140 (3.56%) JUnit
10 139 (3.53%) Mocha
11 99 (2.52%) Karma Test Runner
12 94 (2.39%) Selenium
13 93 (2.36%) Visual Studio
14 87 (2.21%) Cucumber
15 74 (1.88%) Axure RP
16 71 (1.80%) TeamCity
17 62 (1.58%) Bower
17 62 (1.58%) Protractor
18 50 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
19 46 (1.17%) Ant
General
1 569 (14.46%) Finance
2 313 (7.95%) Banking
3 196 (4.98%) Marketing
4 139 (3.53%) Retail
5 121 (3.07%) Investment Banking
6 107 (2.72%) Games
7 90 (2.29%) Publishing
8 67 (1.70%) Advertising
9 60 (1.52%) Telecoms
10 48 (1.22%) Front Office
11 38 (0.97%) Law
11 38 (0.97%) Manufacturing
12 33 (0.84%) Electronics
13 28 (0.71%) Financial Institution
14 26 (0.66%) Legal
15 19 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.30%) Back Office
17 8 (0.20%) Local Government
17 8 (0.20%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.18%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3161 (80.33%) Developer
2 956 (24.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 845 (21.47%) JavaScript Developer
4 403 (10.24%) Senior Developer
5 360 (9.15%) HTML Developer
6 323 (8.21%) Java Developer
7 308 (7.83%) .NET Developer
8 305 (7.75%) Angular Developer
9 285 (7.24%) Web Developer
10 280 (7.12%) Full Stack Developer
11 279 (7.09%) HTML CSS Developer
12 247 (6.28%) UI Developer
13 221 (5.62%) Designer
14 201 (5.11%) C# Developer
15 172 (4.37%) PHP Developer
16 155 (3.94%) Agile Developer
17 148 (3.76%) C# .NET Developer
18 147 (3.74%) Architect
19 134 (3.41%) Node.js Developer
20 121 (3.07%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3713 (94.36%) HTML
2 2020 (51.33%) HTML5
3 1642 (41.73%) CSS3
4 1419 (36.06%) AngularJS
5 1110 (28.21%) jQuery
6 754 (19.16%) Node.js
7 735 (18.68%) Sass
8 651 (16.54%) .NET
9 594 (15.10%) React
10 469 (11.92%) XML
11 460 (11.69%) Web Services
12 430 (10.93%) Ajax
13 416 (10.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 390 (9.91%) ASP.NET
15 370 (9.40%) REST
16 334 (8.49%) JSON
17 331 (8.41%) Backbone.js
17 331 (8.41%) Spring
18 327 (8.31%) LESS
19 284 (7.22%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 675 (17.15%) User Experience
2 229 (5.82%) Mobile App
3 145 (3.68%) Analytical Skills
4 123 (3.13%) Computer Science
5 96 (2.44%) Visualisation
6 62 (1.58%) Fintech
7 54 (1.37%) W3C
8 51 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
9 45 (1.14%) Algorithms
10 42 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 42 (1.07%) RIA
11 41 (1.04%) Digital Media
12 32 (0.81%) Data Structures
12 32 (0.81%) Psychology
13 31 (0.79%) Inversion of Control
14 28 (0.71%) Derivative
14 28 (0.71%) Management Information System
14 28 (0.71%) Social Media
15 27 (0.69%) Animation
16 25 (0.64%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 275 (6.99%) Linux
2 146 (3.71%) Unix
3 140 (3.56%) Windows
4 97 (2.47%) Android
5 91 (2.31%) Apple iOS
6 59 (1.50%) Windows Server
7 46 (1.17%) Mac OS X
8 33 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (0.51%) Windows Phone
9 20 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (0.33%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.23%) webOS
12 9 (0.23%) Windows Phone 7
13 8 (0.20%) Ubuntu
14 7 (0.18%) Solaris
15 6 (0.15%) CentOS
16 5 (0.13%) Windows 7
17 4 (0.10%) Windows Mobile
18 3 (0.076%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1876 (47.67%) Agile Software Development
2 1177 (29.91%) Front End Development
3 913 (23.20%) TDD
4 765 (19.44%) Web Development
5 697 (17.71%) MVC
6 654 (16.62%) Scrum
7 643 (16.34%) OO
8 460 (11.69%) BDD
9 406 (10.32%) Responsive Web Design
10 379 (9.63%) E-Commerce
11 360 (9.15%) Continuous Integration
12 226 (5.74%) Software Engineering
13 200 (5.08%) Unit Testing
14 198 (5.03%) OOP
15 187 (4.75%) Mentoring
16 177 (4.50%) Wireframes
17 168 (4.27%) Open Source
18 164 (4.17%) Pair Programming
19 149 (3.79%) Kanban
20 148 (3.76%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 3338 (84.83%) JavaScript
2 926 (23.53%) Java
3 568 (14.43%) C#
4 539 (13.70%) SQL
5 520 (13.21%) PHP
6 288 (7.32%) Ruby
7 243 (6.18%) Python
8 171 (4.35%) ES6
9 156 (3.96%) Scala
10 74 (1.88%) Groovy
10 74 (1.88%) T-SQL
11 63 (1.60%) PL/SQL
12 62 (1.58%) Perl
13 42 (1.07%) Apex Code
14 41 (1.04%) Shell Script
15 40 (1.02%) PowerShell
16 39 (0.99%) C++
17 38 (0.97%) C
17 38 (0.97%) ECMAScript
17 38 (0.97%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 205 (5.21%) Degree
2 118 (3.00%) Security Cleared
3 70 (1.78%) SC Cleared
4 39 (0.99%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (0.20%) PMI Certification
6 8 (0.20%) PMP
6 8 (0.20%) SAS Certification
7 5 (0.13%) CBAP
8 4 (0.10%) BC Cleared
8 4 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (0.10%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 3 (0.076%) CCNA
9 3 (0.076%) ECDL
9 3 (0.076%) MCSE
10 2 (0.051%) CCDA
10 2 (0.051%) CCDP
10 2 (0.051%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (2.34%) QA
2 34 (0.86%) WAI
3 23 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
4 17 (0.43%) WCAG
5 7 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.10%) SLA
7 3 (0.076%) SDET
8 2 (0.051%) COBIT
8 2 (0.051%) FATCA
8 2 (0.051%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.025%) MiFID
9 1 (0.025%) PMBOK
System Software
1 54 (1.37%) Docker
2 27 (0.69%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.28%) Varnish
4 8 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.076%) Microsoft App-V
5 3 (0.076%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.076%) XenDesktop
6 2 (0.051%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.051%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.051%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.025%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.025%) HDFS
7 1 (0.025%) KVM
7 1 (0.025%) LXC
7 1 (0.025%) Xen
Systems Management
1 51 (1.30%) Puppet
2 45 (1.14%) Opscode Chef
3 19 (0.48%) Ansible
4 15 (0.38%) Kibana
5 14 (0.36%) Kubernetes
6 7 (0.18%) TeamSite
7 4 (0.10%) yum
8 3 (0.076%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.076%) Oracle Identity Management
8 3 (0.076%) Piwik
8 3 (0.076%) SCOM
9 2 (0.051%) CA Wily
9 2 (0.051%) Capistrano
9 2 (0.051%) Mesos
9 2 (0.051%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.025%) AirWatch
10 1 (0.025%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 1 (0.025%) Graphite
10 1 (0.025%) Jitterbit
10 1 (0.025%) logstash
Vendors
1 255 (6.48%) Oracle
2 248 (6.30%) Adobe
3 185 (4.70%) Microsoft
4 93 (2.36%) ServiceNow
5 82 (2.08%) Google
6 66 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
7 62 (1.58%) Zend
8 47 (1.19%) Atlassian
9 45 (1.14%) SAP
10 40 (1.02%) Twitter
11 32 (0.81%) IBM
11 32 (0.81%) Sitecore
12 29 (0.74%) hybris
12 29 (0.74%) Red Hat
13 22 (0.56%) Telerik
14 19 (0.48%) Facebook
14 19 (0.48%) Informatica
15 18 (0.46%) ATG
15 18 (0.46%) EPiServer
16 16 (0.41%) Apple
London
Computer People
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Computer People
Rate: £375.00 - £475.00 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
South West London
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £45000 - £55000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
onezeero.
Rate: MARKET RATE + COMPETITIVE
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £550.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
AdRoc Group
Rate: From £550 to £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £525 - £550 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £550 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
London
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £325 - £425 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
X4 Group
Rate: £250 - 320 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
ninesharp
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Barking, Essex
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
ninesharp
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Networking People
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Uxbridge, Middlesex
Edison Hill Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £3400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 5 days ago