The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 22 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
22 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
England / London
Rank 13 14 19
Rank change year-on-year
+1 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 1614 1833 1655
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 8.34% 8.55% 7.84%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.91% 27.18% 26.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 1221 1383 1220
Median daily rate £425 £415 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.40% +3.75%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £530 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+5.71% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 10 7
Median hourly rate £40.26 £46.50 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-13.41% +69.89%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.40 £32.15 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £92.20 £55.00 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.75 £32.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year
-5.38% +8.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6751 6745 6353
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 34.89% 31.44% 30.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 5082 4992 4702
Median daily rate £473 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.00% +5.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £325 £313
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 41 21
Median hourly rate £47.50 £50.00 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-5.00% +72.41%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £26.75 £24.58 £19.25
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £72.00 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.75 £38.50 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+0.64% +13.23%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 22 February 2017.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 22 February 2017.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 22 February 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +5 241 £450 +9.09% 130
Canary Wharf +9 12 £425 -2.85%
Croydon -19 8 £319 -22.72%
Wimbledon - 7 £275 -
Bromley 0 4 £450 +38.46%
Twickenham - 4 £345 - 1
Kingston Upon Thames -8 3 £100 -78.94% 11
Hounslow 0 2 - - 2
Westminster -5 2 £550 +29.41%
Hammersmith -5 2 £225 -27.41%
Barnet - 2 £400 -
Docklands, London -3 1 - -
Hackney - 1 £325 - 1
Feltham - 1 - -
Morden - 1 £330 -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 22 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3585 (94.42%) HTML
2 3085 (81.25%) JavaScript
3 1791 (47.17%) HTML5
4 1697 (44.69%) Agile Software Development
5 1470 (38.71%) CSS3
6 1361 (35.84%) AngularJS
7 991 (26.10%) Front End Development
8 981 (25.84%) jQuery
9 893 (23.52%) Java
10 891 (23.47%) TDD
11 793 (20.88%) React
12 692 (18.22%) Node.js
13 689 (18.15%) Git (software)
14 670 (17.65%) Web Development
15 609 (16.04%) Sass
16 603 (15.88%) User Experience
17 600 (15.80%) Finance
18 592 (15.59%) Scrum
19 584 (15.38%) MVC
20 583 (15.35%) OO
21 509 (13.41%) Web Services
22 498 (13.12%) SQL
23 497 (13.09%) .NET
24 495 (13.04%) REST
25 473 (12.46%) PHP
26 467 (12.30%) BDD
27 449 (11.83%) XML
28 448 (11.80%) C#
29 436 (11.48%) JSON
30 378 (9.96%) Ajax

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 302 (7.95%) CMS
2 164 (4.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 147 (3.87%) Drupal
4 117 (3.08%) Apache
5 115 (3.03%) SharePoint
6 114 (3.00%) Confluence
7 96 (2.53%) WordPress
8 55 (1.45%) Apache Solr
8 55 (1.45%) Elasticsearch
9 49 (1.29%) SharePoint 2013
10 45 (1.19%) WebSphere
11 43 (1.13%) Tomcat
12 41 (1.08%) JBoss
13 36 (0.95%) IIS
14 32 (0.84%) Umbraco
15 27 (0.71%) SharePoint 2010
16 23 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
17 19 (0.50%) EPiServer
18 18 (0.47%) WebLogic
19 17 (0.45%) nginx
Applications
1 153 (4.03%) Photoshop
2 73 (1.92%) MS Excel
3 55 (1.45%) Adobe Illustrator
4 50 (1.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 39 (1.03%) OmniGraffle
6 27 (0.71%) MS Office
7 18 (0.47%) MS Visio
8 17 (0.45%) InVision
9 8 (0.21%) Fireworks
9 8 (0.21%) InDesign
10 6 (0.16%) GIMP
11 4 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.11%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.11%) MS PowerPoint
11 4 (0.11%) UXPin
12 2 (0.053%) MS Project
12 2 (0.053%) Pixate
13 1 (0.026%) Camtasia
13 1 (0.026%) Flinto
13 1 (0.026%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 60 (1.58%) Magento
2 25 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.45%) Adobe Campaign
4 15 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 6 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.13%) SAP CRM
6 5 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.13%) Unica
7 3 (0.079%) FastStats
7 3 (0.079%) FastStats PeopleStage
7 3 (0.079%) SAP Business One
7 3 (0.079%) Shopify
8 2 (0.053%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.053%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.053%) Radian6
9 1 (0.026%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.026%) OpenCart
9 1 (0.026%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.026%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.026%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 227 (5.98%) Amazon AWS
2 133 (3.50%) GitHub
3 127 (3.34%) Microsoft Azure
4 44 (1.16%) SaaS
5 43 (1.13%) Google Analytics
6 32 (0.84%) Heroku
7 31 (0.82%) Office 365
8 23 (0.61%) PaaS
9 19 (0.50%) AWS CloudFormation
10 17 (0.45%) IaaS
11 14 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
12 13 (0.34%) CloudBees
12 13 (0.34%) OpenShift
13 12 (0.32%) Google Cloud Platform
14 10 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
15 9 (0.24%) Adobe Analytics
16 8 (0.21%) Amazon S3
17 7 (0.18%) Amazon SQS
17 7 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 6 (0.16%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 143 (3.77%) HTTP
2 91 (2.40%) Internet
3 41 (1.08%) Intranet
4 32 (0.84%) TCP/IP
5 27 (0.71%) SSL
6 20 (0.53%) HTTPS
6 20 (0.53%) Network Security
7 18 (0.47%) DNS
8 13 (0.34%) Extranet
9 9 (0.24%) SMTP
9 9 (0.24%) SSH
10 8 (0.21%) WebEx
11 7 (0.18%) Firewall
11 7 (0.18%) RTP
11 7 (0.18%) RTSP
12 6 (0.16%) LDAP
13 5 (0.13%) Skype
13 5 (0.13%) SNMP
14 4 (0.11%) FTP
15 3 (0.079%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 308 (8.11%) SQL Server
2 305 (8.03%) MySQL
3 175 (4.61%) MongoDB
4 163 (4.29%) Relational Database
5 154 (4.06%) NoSQL
6 132 (3.48%) PostgreSQL
7 90 (2.37%) Big Data
8 56 (1.47%) Apache Cassandra
9 47 (1.24%) Hadoop
10 43 (1.13%) RDBMS
11 37 (0.97%) SQL Server 2008
11 37 (0.97%) SQL Server 2012
12 36 (0.95%) HBase
13 24 (0.63%) Redis
13 24 (0.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 18 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 17 (0.45%) Blockchain
16 14 (0.37%) Oracle Database
17 13 (0.34%) QlikView
17 13 (0.34%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 689 (18.15%) Git (software)
2 241 (6.35%) Jasmine
3 233 (6.14%) JIRA
4 231 (6.08%) Jenkins
5 216 (5.69%) Grunt
6 212 (5.58%) gulp
7 162 (4.27%) Maven
8 161 (4.24%) Cucumber
9 158 (4.16%) Selenium
10 147 (3.87%) webpack
11 137 (3.61%) Subversion
12 131 (3.45%) Mocha
13 101 (2.66%) Karma Test Runner
14 80 (2.11%) JUnit
14 80 (2.11%) TeamCity
15 71 (1.87%) Visual Studio
16 64 (1.69%) Axure RP
17 56 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
18 52 (1.37%) IntelliJ
19 51 (1.34%) Mockito
General
1 600 (15.80%) Finance
2 339 (8.93%) Banking
3 220 (5.79%) Marketing
4 177 (4.66%) Retail
5 119 (3.13%) Investment Banking
6 81 (2.13%) Publishing
7 68 (1.79%) Telecoms
8 62 (1.63%) Front Office
9 61 (1.61%) Advertising
10 60 (1.58%) Games
11 35 (0.92%) Manufacturing
12 32 (0.84%) Legal
12 32 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
13 24 (0.63%) Financial Institution
14 23 (0.61%) Back Office
15 18 (0.47%) Law
16 17 (0.45%) Electronics
17 16 (0.42%) Automotive
18 13 (0.34%) Retail Banking
19 6 (0.16%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 3049 (80.30%) Developer
2 814 (21.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 755 (19.88%) JavaScript Developer
4 399 (10.51%) HTML Developer
5 345 (9.09%) Senior Developer
6 337 (8.88%) Java Developer
7 322 (8.48%) Angular Developer
8 304 (8.01%) HTML CSS Developer
9 268 (7.06%) Full Stack Developer
10 258 (6.79%) Web Developer
11 248 (6.53%) UI Developer
12 215 (5.66%) Designer
13 203 (5.35%) .NET Developer
14 147 (3.87%) C# Developer
15 139 (3.66%) Node.js Developer
16 137 (3.61%) PHP Developer
17 128 (3.37%) UX Designer
18 126 (3.32%) Architect
19 108 (2.84%) C# .NET Developer
20 107 (2.82%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3585 (94.42%) HTML
2 1791 (47.17%) HTML5
3 1470 (38.71%) CSS3
4 1361 (35.84%) AngularJS
5 981 (25.84%) jQuery
6 793 (20.88%) React
7 692 (18.22%) Node.js
8 609 (16.04%) Sass
9 509 (13.41%) Web Services
10 497 (13.09%) .NET
11 495 (13.04%) REST
12 449 (11.83%) XML
13 436 (11.48%) JSON
14 378 (9.96%) Ajax
15 365 (9.61%) RESTful
16 328 (8.64%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 307 (8.09%) Spring
18 291 (7.66%) ASP.NET
19 276 (7.27%) LESS
20 240 (6.32%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 603 (15.88%) User Experience
2 171 (4.50%) Mobile App
3 141 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
4 135 (3.56%) Computer Science
5 86 (2.26%) Fintech
6 58 (1.53%) W3C
7 53 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 46 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
9 43 (1.13%) Data Structures
9 43 (1.13%) Virtual Team
10 38 (1.00%) Social Media
11 33 (0.87%) iPad
12 31 (0.82%) Video on Demand
13 27 (0.71%) Management Information System
14 26 (0.68%) Digital Media
15 25 (0.66%) Graphic Design
16 23 (0.61%) CMDB
16 23 (0.61%) Derivative
17 22 (0.58%) NHS
17 22 (0.58%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 279 (7.35%) Linux
2 132 (3.48%) Apple iOS
3 130 (3.42%) Windows
4 113 (2.98%) Unix
5 106 (2.79%) Android
6 32 (0.84%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.61%) CentOS
7 23 (0.61%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.45%) Mac OS X
9 12 (0.32%) webOS
9 12 (0.32%) Windows Phone
9 12 (0.32%) Windows Phone 7
10 11 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.11%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.053%) Debian
14 2 (0.053%) FreeBSD
14 2 (0.053%) Windows Mobile
14 2 (0.053%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1697 (44.69%) Agile Software Development
2 991 (26.10%) Front End Development
3 891 (23.47%) TDD
4 670 (17.65%) Web Development
5 592 (15.59%) Scrum
6 584 (15.38%) MVC
7 583 (15.35%) OO
8 467 (12.30%) BDD
9 373 (9.82%) E-Commerce
10 349 (9.19%) Responsive Web Design
11 310 (8.16%) Continuous Integration
12 225 (5.93%) Software Engineering
13 183 (4.82%) Unit Testing
14 181 (4.77%) Open Source
15 177 (4.66%) Microservices
15 177 (4.66%) Prototyping
16 163 (4.29%) Kanban
17 150 (3.95%) OOP
17 150 (3.95%) SDLC
18 148 (3.90%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 3085 (81.25%) JavaScript
2 893 (23.52%) Java
3 498 (13.12%) SQL
4 473 (12.46%) PHP
5 448 (11.80%) C#
6 250 (6.58%) Python
7 232 (6.11%) ES6
8 184 (4.85%) Ruby
9 108 (2.84%) Scala
10 72 (1.90%) TypeScript
11 62 (1.63%) PowerShell
12 52 (1.37%) T-SQL
13 51 (1.34%) XPath
14 43 (1.13%) Groovy
15 42 (1.11%) Shell Script
16 39 (1.03%) C
17 37 (0.97%) PL/SQL
18 36 (0.95%) Apple Swift
18 36 (0.95%) Perl
19 32 (0.84%) Korn
Qualifications
1 243 (6.40%) Degree
2 153 (4.03%) Security Cleared
3 114 (3.00%) SC Cleared
4 25 (0.66%) DV Cleared
5 15 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.24%) BC Cleared
7 6 (0.16%) MBA
7 6 (0.16%) OCPJP
8 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.11%) ISEB
9 4 (0.11%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.079%) CCNP
10 3 (0.079%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.079%) PhD
11 2 (0.053%) CCIE
11 2 (0.053%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.053%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 1 (0.026%) CBAP
12 1 (0.026%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (4.79%) QA
2 22 (0.58%) FATCA
2 22 (0.58%) WCAG
3 13 (0.34%) WAI
4 8 (0.21%) Actionable Recommendations
5 7 (0.18%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.079%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.079%) MiFID
7 3 (0.079%) SDET
8 2 (0.053%) GCP
8 2 (0.053%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.026%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.026%) EMIR
System Software
1 137 (3.61%) Docker
2 21 (0.55%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.16%) Varnish
5 2 (0.053%) vCloud
5 2 (0.053%) vSphere
6 1 (0.026%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.026%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 43 (1.13%) Puppet
2 38 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
3 22 (0.58%) Ansible
4 19 (0.50%) Kubernetes
5 13 (0.34%) Terraform
6 7 (0.18%) Kibana
7 6 (0.16%) Capistrano
8 4 (0.11%) Piwik
9 3 (0.079%) Consul
9 3 (0.079%) Nagios
9 3 (0.079%) Packer
10 2 (0.053%) CA Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.053%) logstash
10 2 (0.053%) Pingdom
10 2 (0.053%) vRealize
11 1 (0.026%) Control-M
11 1 (0.026%) Marathon
11 1 (0.026%) Mesos
11 1 (0.026%) Salt
11 1 (0.026%) SCCM
Vendors
1 292 (7.69%) Adobe
2 180 (4.74%) Microsoft
3 174 (4.58%) Oracle
4 95 (2.50%) ServiceNow
5 90 (2.37%) Google
6 54 (1.42%) hybris
7 52 (1.37%) Zend
8 47 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
9 38 (1.00%) Sitecore
10 37 (0.97%) SAP
11 35 (0.92%) Atlassian
12 34 (0.90%) Solace
13 29 (0.76%) New Relic
14 28 (0.74%) Red Hat
15 18 (0.47%) Twitter
16 17 (0.45%) MuleSoft
17 16 (0.42%) Apple
17 16 (0.42%) Hortonworks
18 15 (0.40%) IBM
19 14 (0.37%) Xamarin
London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £450.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £601 - £700 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £150 - £200 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Source Technology
Rate: From £450 to £470 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £100 - £130 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £12 - £15 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £375 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Stott & May
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
Prospectus IT Recruitment
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oscar
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 2 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £300 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £450 - £550 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago