The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 24 August 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 Aug 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 12 17 15
Rank change year-on-year
+5 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 2261 1942 2015
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 9.79% 8.18% 8.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.34% 25.91% 27.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 1684 1468 1462
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +3.22%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £338 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.70% +3.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 19
Median hourly rate £45.00 £22.12 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+103.48% -36.81%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £28.72 £15.76 £17.20
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.43 £43.15 £50.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.50 £35.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-14.68% +2.14%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7707 7494 7352
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 33.37% 31.56% 30.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 5733 5472 5152
Median daily rate £450 £440 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.27% +6.66%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £320 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £585 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year
+3.44% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 48 50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £36.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+23.28% -8.75%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.20 £22.00 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.25 £52.24 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £39.25 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+1.91% +15.44%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 24 August 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 24 August 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 24 August 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +14 344 £450 +12.50% 135
Croydon -4 36 £400 +6.66%
Westminster - 14 £425 - 2
Uxbridge +5 9 £350 -9.67% 2
Docklands, London +14 7 £320 -
Wimbledon +3 7 £400 +23.07% 1
Canary Wharf +1 7 £391 -23.65%
Feltham -2 5 £425 +21.42%
Kingston Upon Thames +1 4 £344 -19.11% 8
Hounslow +5 3 £350 -4.10% 1
Barking - 3 £338 -
Bromley -4 2 £363 -14.70% 7
Ruislip - 2 £225 - 1
Ilford 0 1 £425 -5.55%
West Drayton 0 1 £350 -15.15%
Romford -2 1 £325 +30.00%
Hayes -3 1 £300 +5.26%
Hillingdon - 1 - -
Chiswick - 1 £425 - 1
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 24 August 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4017 (95.23%) HTML
2 3507 (83.14%) JavaScript
3 2204 (52.25%) HTML5
4 1964 (46.56%) Agile Software Development
5 1757 (41.65%) CSS3
6 1567 (37.15%) AngularJS
7 1302 (30.87%) Front End Development
8 1186 (28.12%) jQuery
9 986 (23.38%) TDD
10 945 (22.40%) Java
11 872 (20.67%) Node.js
12 817 (19.37%) Web Development
13 768 (18.21%) Sass
14 766 (18.16%) MVC
15 762 (18.07%) Git (software)
16 755 (17.90%) User Experience
17 739 (17.52%) React
18 706 (16.74%) .NET
19 665 (15.77%) Scrum
20 642 (15.22%) OO
21 623 (14.77%) C#
21 623 (14.77%) Finance
22 566 (13.42%) PHP
23 541 (12.83%) SQL
24 519 (12.30%) XML
25 498 (11.81%) MySQL
26 494 (11.71%) Web Services
27 482 (11.43%) BDD
28 478 (11.33%) REST
29 448 (10.62%) Ajax

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 291 (6.90%) CMS
2 136 (3.22%) Tomcat
3 126 (2.99%) WordPress
4 116 (2.75%) Drupal
5 114 (2.70%) SharePoint
6 109 (2.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 106 (2.51%) Confluence
8 88 (2.09%) Apache
9 66 (1.56%) nginx
10 56 (1.33%) IIS
11 51 (1.21%) JBoss
12 49 (1.16%) SharePoint 2013
13 48 (1.14%) Umbraco
14 47 (1.11%) WebSphere
15 45 (1.07%) Jetty
16 44 (1.04%) Elasticsearch
17 40 (0.95%) SharePoint 2010
18 33 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
19 31 (0.73%) WebLogic
20 25 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 220 (5.22%) Photoshop
2 111 (2.63%) Adobe Illustrator
3 89 (2.11%) MS Excel
4 68 (1.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 41 (0.97%) MS Visio
6 37 (0.88%) OmniGraffle
7 36 (0.85%) MS Office
8 20 (0.47%) InVision
9 16 (0.38%) InDesign
10 15 (0.36%) MS PowerPoint
11 10 (0.24%) InfoPath
12 9 (0.21%) SPSS
12 9 (0.21%) Stata
13 8 (0.19%) GIMP
14 6 (0.14%) Fireworks
15 5 (0.12%) MS Project
15 5 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
16 3 (0.071%) Adobe Captivate
16 3 (0.071%) Flinto
16 3 (0.071%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 75 (1.78%) Magento
2 26 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 22 (0.52%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 15 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
5 14 (0.33%) WebTrends
6 10 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
7 7 (0.17%) Eloqua
8 6 (0.14%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 5 (0.12%) BigMachines
10 4 (0.095%) ION MarketView
10 4 (0.095%) Unica
11 3 (0.071%) nopCommerce
11 3 (0.071%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.071%) Unit4 Business World
12 2 (0.047%) Radian6
12 2 (0.047%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 1 (0.024%) Dynamics AX
13 1 (0.024%) Endur
13 1 (0.024%) Oracle BPM
13 1 (0.024%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 236 (5.60%) Amazon AWS
2 140 (3.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 117 (2.77%) GitHub
4 67 (1.59%) SaaS
5 51 (1.21%) Office 365
6 32 (0.76%) PaaS
7 31 (0.73%) Google Analytics
8 27 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
8 27 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
9 26 (0.62%) Google Cloud Platform
10 18 (0.43%) Heroku
11 15 (0.36%) Amazon S3
12 14 (0.33%) IaaS
13 13 (0.31%) Google App Engine
14 12 (0.28%) Cloud Computing
14 12 (0.28%) CloudFront
15 11 (0.26%) CloudBees
15 11 (0.26%) OpenShift
16 9 (0.21%) Adobe Analytics
17 8 (0.19%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 150 (3.56%) HTTP
2 91 (2.16%) Internet
3 30 (0.71%) Network Security
4 26 (0.62%) LDAP
5 20 (0.47%) SNMP
6 16 (0.38%) Firewall
6 16 (0.38%) TCP/IP
7 14 (0.33%) AMQP
7 14 (0.33%) Intranet
8 13 (0.31%) DNS
9 10 (0.24%) LAN
9 10 (0.24%) WAN
10 9 (0.21%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.19%) SMS
11 8 (0.19%) SSL
11 8 (0.19%) VPN
12 4 (0.095%) Cisco ASA
12 4 (0.095%) Cisco Nexus
12 4 (0.095%) SSH
13 3 (0.071%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 498 (11.81%) MySQL
2 365 (8.65%) SQL Server
3 252 (5.97%) MongoDB
4 193 (4.58%) NoSQL
5 171 (4.05%) PostgreSQL
6 170 (4.03%) Relational Database
7 61 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
7 61 (1.45%) RDBMS
8 56 (1.33%) Neo4j
9 44 (1.04%) SQL Server 2008
10 42 (1.00%) Big Data
11 40 (0.95%) Oracle Database
12 39 (0.92%) Apache Hive
13 37 (0.88%) Hadoop
14 33 (0.78%) DB2
15 31 (0.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 30 (0.71%) SQL Server 2012
17 29 (0.69%) Impala
18 28 (0.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 27 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 762 (18.07%) Git (software)
2 389 (9.22%) Grunt
3 325 (7.71%) gulp
4 240 (5.69%) Subversion
5 217 (5.14%) JIRA
6 198 (4.69%) Jasmine
7 175 (4.15%) Jenkins
8 164 (3.89%) Maven
9 153 (3.63%) Mocha
10 135 (3.20%) JUnit
11 116 (2.75%) Cucumber
12 113 (2.68%) Visual Studio
13 111 (2.63%) Karma Test Runner
14 108 (2.56%) Selenium
15 90 (2.13%) webpack
16 85 (2.02%) Bower
16 85 (2.02%) TeamCity
17 67 (1.59%) Gradle
18 65 (1.54%) Babel
19 63 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 623 (14.77%) Finance
2 364 (8.63%) Banking
3 194 (4.60%) Marketing
4 183 (4.34%) Retail
5 113 (2.68%) Publishing
6 103 (2.44%) Games
7 99 (2.35%) Investment Banking
8 73 (1.73%) Advertising
9 53 (1.26%) Telecoms
10 44 (1.04%) Front Office
11 36 (0.85%) Financial Institution
12 35 (0.83%) Manufacturing
13 34 (0.81%) Legal
14 28 (0.66%) Law
15 26 (0.62%) Electronics
16 23 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.24%) Automotive
18 9 (0.21%) Retail Banking
19 8 (0.19%) Back Office
20 7 (0.17%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 3366 (79.80%) Developer
2 1064 (25.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 862 (20.44%) JavaScript Developer
4 419 (9.93%) Senior Developer
5 418 (9.91%) HTML Developer
6 355 (8.42%) Java Developer
7 332 (7.87%) Angular Developer
8 303 (7.18%) .NET Developer
9 299 (7.09%) HTML CSS Developer
10 293 (6.95%) Web Developer
11 281 (6.66%) Full Stack Developer
12 265 (6.28%) UI Developer
13 250 (5.93%) Designer
14 187 (4.43%) C# Developer
15 173 (4.10%) PHP Developer
16 169 (4.01%) Architect
17 151 (3.58%) Agile Developer
18 139 (3.30%) Node.js Developer
19 131 (3.11%) UX Designer
20 127 (3.01%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4017 (95.23%) HTML
2 2204 (52.25%) HTML5
3 1757 (41.65%) CSS3
4 1567 (37.15%) AngularJS
5 1186 (28.12%) jQuery
6 872 (20.67%) Node.js
7 768 (18.21%) Sass
8 739 (17.52%) React
9 706 (16.74%) .NET
10 519 (12.30%) XML
11 494 (11.71%) Web Services
12 478 (11.33%) REST
13 448 (10.62%) Ajax
14 428 (10.15%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 410 (9.72%) ASP.NET
16 371 (8.80%) JSON
17 367 (8.70%) LESS
18 359 (8.51%) Spring
19 288 (6.83%) RESTful
20 275 (6.52%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 755 (17.90%) User Experience
2 233 (5.52%) Mobile App
3 162 (3.84%) Analytical Skills
4 138 (3.27%) Computer Science
5 82 (1.94%) Visualisation
6 61 (1.45%) Fintech
7 54 (1.28%) Digital Media
7 54 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
8 52 (1.23%) W3C
9 45 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 38 (0.90%) Algorithms
11 31 (0.73%) RIA
12 29 (0.69%) Animation
12 29 (0.69%) Fixed Income
13 28 (0.66%) Inversion of Control
13 28 (0.66%) Social Media
14 27 (0.64%) Data Structures
15 26 (0.62%) Derivative
15 26 (0.62%) Management Information System
16 25 (0.59%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 297 (7.04%) Linux
2 165 (3.91%) Android
3 158 (3.75%) Windows
4 146 (3.46%) Apple iOS
5 135 (3.20%) Unix
6 49 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 40 (0.95%) Mac OS X
8 28 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.52%) Windows Phone
10 14 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
11 13 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
12 12 (0.28%) Solaris
13 11 (0.26%) webOS
13 11 (0.26%) Windows 10
13 11 (0.26%) Windows 8
13 11 (0.26%) Windows Phone 7
14 6 (0.14%) Ubuntu
14 6 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
15 4 (0.095%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.095%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1964 (46.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1302 (30.87%) Front End Development
3 986 (23.38%) TDD
4 817 (19.37%) Web Development
5 766 (18.16%) MVC
6 665 (15.77%) Scrum
7 642 (15.22%) OO
8 482 (11.43%) BDD
9 447 (10.60%) Responsive Web Design
10 362 (8.58%) Continuous Integration
11 349 (8.27%) E-Commerce
12 234 (5.55%) Software Engineering
13 225 (5.33%) OOP
14 203 (4.81%) Open Source
15 192 (4.55%) Wireframes
16 187 (4.43%) Unit Testing
17 184 (4.36%) Mentoring
18 175 (4.15%) Web Design
19 167 (3.96%) DevOps
20 154 (3.65%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3507 (83.14%) JavaScript
2 945 (22.40%) Java
3 623 (14.77%) C#
4 566 (13.42%) PHP
5 541 (12.83%) SQL
6 270 (6.40%) Ruby
7 233 (5.52%) Python
8 223 (5.29%) ES6
9 169 (4.01%) Scala
10 89 (2.11%) T-SQL
11 78 (1.85%) TypeScript
12 77 (1.83%) Perl
13 53 (1.26%) PL/SQL
14 50 (1.19%) Groovy
15 46 (1.09%) C++
16 42 (1.00%) PowerShell
16 42 (1.00%) Shell Script
17 38 (0.90%) VB.NET
18 36 (0.85%) Clojure
19 35 (0.83%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 220 (5.22%) Degree
2 153 (3.63%) Security Cleared
3 90 (2.13%) SC Cleared
4 38 (0.90%) DV Cleared
5 22 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (0.24%) PMP
7 9 (0.21%) PMI Certification
8 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.14%) BC Cleared
9 6 (0.14%) CCNA
9 6 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.12%) CCDP
10 5 (0.12%) CCNP
10 5 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.095%) PhD
11 4 (0.095%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.071%) CBAP
12 3 (0.071%) CCDA
12 3 (0.071%) CCVP
12 3 (0.071%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 118 (2.80%) QA
2 41 (0.97%) WAI
3 25 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
4 15 (0.36%) WCAG
5 5 (0.12%) FATCA
6 4 (0.095%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.095%) SDET
6 4 (0.095%) SLA
7 3 (0.071%) COBIT
7 3 (0.071%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.047%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.024%) GCP
9 1 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.024%) MiFID
System Software
1 116 (2.75%) Docker
2 38 (0.90%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.17%) KVM
6 7 (0.17%) Varnish
7 3 (0.071%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.071%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.047%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.047%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.024%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.024%) HDFS
9 1 (0.024%) LXC
9 1 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 60 (1.42%) Puppet
2 54 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
3 36 (0.85%) Ansible
4 14 (0.33%) Kibana
4 14 (0.33%) Kubernetes
5 8 (0.19%) Oracle Identity Management
5 8 (0.19%) Terraform
6 5 (0.12%) yum
7 4 (0.095%) TeamSite
8 3 (0.071%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.071%) Piwik
9 2 (0.047%) CA Wily
9 2 (0.047%) Mesos
9 2 (0.047%) Nagios
9 2 (0.047%) SCCM
9 2 (0.047%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.024%) Capistrano
10 1 (0.024%) Graphite
10 1 (0.024%) SCOM
10 1 (0.024%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 282 (6.69%) Adobe
2 238 (5.64%) Oracle
3 212 (5.03%) Microsoft
4 96 (2.28%) ServiceNow
5 91 (2.16%) Google
6 65 (1.54%) Zend
7 52 (1.23%) Atlassian
8 49 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
9 44 (1.04%) IBM
10 42 (1.00%) Sitecore
11 36 (0.85%) SAP
12 30 (0.71%) Apple
12 30 (0.71%) New Relic
13 29 (0.69%) hybris
14 26 (0.62%) Red Hat
15 23 (0.55%) Twitter
16 21 (0.50%) EPiServer
17 20 (0.47%) VMware
18 17 (0.40%) Tableau
19 16 (0.38%) Informatica
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Central London / West End
Lennon Wright
Rate: From £350 to £500 per day dependant on experience within Javascript
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £325 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £600 daily rate
Posted: 49 minutes ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £400 - £450 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450-£600 Daily
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £125 - £225 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venturi
Rate: £200.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
City, London
We Are Aspire Ltd
Rate: £65000 - £70000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Salt
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Stafford-Sharp Associates
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £600 - £700 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £310 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Posted: Yesterday
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £310 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + depending on experience
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Hydrogen
Posted: 21 hours ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £600 - £700 per day + depending on experience
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Coded People
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Salt
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
North West London
Graham Matthews
Rate: From £180 to £220 per day
Posted: Yesterday