The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 30 July 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
30 Jul 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 12 17 15
Rank change year-on-year
+5 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 2170 1924 1994
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 9.80% 8.17% 8.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.51% 25.96% 27.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1656 1449 1457
Median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £540 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £313
% change year-on-year
+7.69% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 14
Median hourly rate £45.00 £21.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+114.28% -50.58%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £28.72 £15.40 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £69.46 £52.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £36.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-12.32% +4.28%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7353 7410 7308
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 33.22% 31.47% 30.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 5526 5396 5212
Median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £313 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £595 £592 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £340
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 49 44
Median hourly rate £44.13 £24.23 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+82.13% -46.15%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.60 £16.00 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £62.50 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
- +14.28%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 30 July 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 30 July 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 30 July 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +15 367 £440 +10.00% 142
Croydon -5 37 £425 +7.93% 3
Westminster -12 10 £400 +17.64%
Uxbridge +7 9 £350 -9.67% 1
Wimbledon +3 8 £400 +45.45%
Kingston Upon Thames +6 6 £325 -23.52% 4
Canary Wharf +2 5 £338 -34.14%
Bromley -4 5 £381 -10.29% 5
Docklands, London +17 4 £240 -
Barking - 3 £338 -
Hounslow +2 2 £350 -4.10%
Ruislip - 2 £225 - 2
West Drayton +1 1 £350 -15.15% 1
Hayes -5 1 £300 +5.26%
Harrow -11 1 - - 1
Feltham - 1 £400 -
Chiswick - 1 £425 - 1
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 30 July 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3935 (94.82%) HTML
2 3496 (84.24%) JavaScript
3 2149 (51.78%) HTML5
4 1959 (47.20%) Agile Software Development
5 1722 (41.49%) CSS3
6 1520 (36.63%) AngularJS
7 1303 (31.40%) Front End Development
8 1171 (28.22%) jQuery
9 967 (23.30%) Java
10 951 (22.92%) TDD
11 833 (20.07%) Node.js
12 788 (18.99%) Web Development
13 772 (18.60%) Git (software)
14 768 (18.51%) Sass
15 745 (17.95%) MVC
16 738 (17.78%) User Experience
17 688 (16.58%) React
18 684 (16.48%) .NET
19 670 (16.14%) OO
20 651 (15.69%) Scrum
21 597 (14.39%) C#
22 591 (14.24%) Finance
23 560 (13.49%) SQL
24 556 (13.40%) PHP
25 500 (12.05%) XML
26 497 (11.98%) MySQL
27 489 (11.78%) BDD
28 464 (11.18%) Web Services
29 442 (10.65%) Responsive Web Design
30 437 (10.53%) Ajax

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (6.72%) CMS
2 128 (3.08%) Tomcat
3 127 (3.06%) WordPress
4 108 (2.60%) SharePoint
5 102 (2.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 99 (2.39%) Drupal
7 89 (2.14%) Confluence
8 81 (1.95%) Apache
9 68 (1.64%) nginx
10 56 (1.35%) IIS
11 49 (1.18%) SharePoint 2013
12 48 (1.16%) Jetty
13 47 (1.13%) WebSphere
14 43 (1.04%) Umbraco
15 41 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
15 41 (0.99%) JBoss
16 39 (0.94%) SharePoint 2010
17 37 (0.89%) WebLogic
18 25 (0.60%) Moodle
19 22 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 233 (5.61%) Photoshop
2 112 (2.70%) Adobe Illustrator
3 85 (2.05%) MS Excel
4 78 (1.88%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 50 (1.20%) MS Visio
6 37 (0.89%) MS Office
6 37 (0.89%) OmniGraffle
7 21 (0.51%) SPSS
8 17 (0.41%) InVision
9 16 (0.39%) InDesign
10 12 (0.29%) MS PowerPoint
10 12 (0.29%) Stata
11 10 (0.24%) InfoPath
12 7 (0.17%) Fireworks
12 7 (0.17%) GIMP
13 5 (0.12%) MS Project
14 4 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
15 3 (0.072%) Adobe After Effects
15 3 (0.072%) Adobe Captivate
15 3 (0.072%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 69 (1.66%) Magento
2 25 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 16 (0.39%) WebTrends
5 15 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
6 11 (0.27%) Eloqua
7 10 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
8 7 (0.17%) BigMachines
9 6 (0.14%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 6 (0.14%) Unica
10 4 (0.096%) ION MarketView
11 3 (0.072%) nopCommerce
11 3 (0.072%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.072%) Unit4 Business World
12 2 (0.048%) Radian6
12 2 (0.048%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 1 (0.024%) Dynamics AX
13 1 (0.024%) Endur
13 1 (0.024%) Oracle BPM
13 1 (0.024%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 228 (5.49%) Amazon AWS
2 128 (3.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 122 (2.94%) GitHub
4 65 (1.57%) SaaS
5 44 (1.06%) Office 365
6 32 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
7 31 (0.75%) Google Cloud Platform
8 29 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 27 (0.65%) Google Analytics
10 19 (0.46%) Amazon S3
11 18 (0.43%) Google App Engine
12 17 (0.41%) Cloud Computing
13 15 (0.36%) CloudFront
14 14 (0.34%) Heroku
15 13 (0.31%) PaaS
16 9 (0.22%) Route 53
17 8 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
18 7 (0.17%) Amazon ELB
19 6 (0.14%) Amazon SQS
20 5 (0.12%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 148 (3.57%) HTTP
2 88 (2.12%) Internet
3 28 (0.67%) LDAP
4 25 (0.60%) Network Security
5 21 (0.51%) SNMP
6 18 (0.43%) TCP/IP
7 15 (0.36%) Firewall
7 15 (0.36%) Intranet
8 14 (0.34%) AMQP
8 14 (0.34%) DNS
9 11 (0.27%) HTTPS
9 11 (0.27%) SSL
10 10 (0.24%) VPN
11 8 (0.19%) LAN
11 8 (0.19%) Remote Desktop
11 8 (0.19%) WAN
12 6 (0.14%) SMS
13 5 (0.12%) Cisco ASA
13 5 (0.12%) SSH
14 4 (0.096%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 497 (11.98%) MySQL
2 345 (8.31%) SQL Server
3 246 (5.93%) MongoDB
4 205 (4.94%) NoSQL
5 172 (4.14%) Relational Database
6 148 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
7 62 (1.49%) Apache Cassandra
7 62 (1.49%) RDBMS
8 57 (1.37%) Neo4j
9 54 (1.30%) Big Data
10 51 (1.23%) Oracle Database
11 44 (1.06%) Hadoop
11 44 (1.06%) SQL Server 2008
12 42 (1.01%) Apache Hive
13 39 (0.94%) DB2
14 31 (0.75%) SQL Server 2012
14 31 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 30 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 29 (0.70%) Impala
17 27 (0.65%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 772 (18.60%) Git (software)
2 396 (9.54%) Grunt
3 331 (7.98%) gulp
4 246 (5.93%) Subversion
5 207 (4.99%) JIRA
6 197 (4.75%) Jasmine
7 166 (4.00%) Jenkins
7 166 (4.00%) Maven
8 158 (3.81%) Mocha
9 152 (3.66%) JUnit
10 113 (2.72%) Visual Studio
11 112 (2.70%) Karma Test Runner
12 110 (2.65%) Cucumber
13 105 (2.53%) Selenium
14 80 (1.93%) TeamCity
14 80 (1.93%) webpack
15 69 (1.66%) Bower
16 66 (1.59%) Axure RP
17 59 (1.42%) Babel
17 59 (1.42%) Gradle
General
1 591 (14.24%) Finance
2 355 (8.55%) Banking
3 186 (4.48%) Marketing
4 165 (3.98%) Retail
5 111 (2.67%) Investment Banking
6 109 (2.63%) Games
7 106 (2.55%) Publishing
8 72 (1.73%) Advertising
9 60 (1.45%) Telecoms
10 44 (1.06%) Front Office
11 35 (0.84%) Law
12 32 (0.77%) Financial Institution
12 32 (0.77%) Manufacturing
13 29 (0.70%) Electronics
14 27 (0.65%) Legal
15 18 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.29%) Back Office
17 10 (0.24%) Automotive
18 9 (0.22%) Retail Banking
19 6 (0.14%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 3334 (80.34%) Developer
2 1061 (25.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 869 (20.94%) JavaScript Developer
4 413 (9.95%) Senior Developer
5 396 (9.54%) HTML Developer
6 350 (8.43%) Java Developer
7 320 (7.71%) Angular Developer
8 307 (7.40%) .NET Developer
9 296 (7.13%) HTML CSS Developer
10 285 (6.87%) Web Developer
11 284 (6.84%) Full Stack Developer
12 274 (6.60%) UI Developer
13 235 (5.66%) Designer
14 197 (4.75%) C# Developer
15 172 (4.14%) PHP Developer
16 161 (3.88%) Architect
17 157 (3.78%) Agile Developer
18 138 (3.33%) Node.js Developer
19 134 (3.23%) C# .NET Developer
20 116 (2.80%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3935 (94.82%) HTML
2 2149 (51.78%) HTML5
3 1722 (41.49%) CSS3
4 1520 (36.63%) AngularJS
5 1171 (28.22%) jQuery
6 833 (20.07%) Node.js
7 768 (18.51%) Sass
8 688 (16.58%) React
9 684 (16.48%) .NET
10 500 (12.05%) XML
11 464 (11.18%) Web Services
12 437 (10.53%) Ajax
13 428 (10.31%) REST
14 426 (10.27%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 401 (9.66%) ASP.NET
16 354 (8.53%) LESS
17 350 (8.43%) JSON
18 345 (8.31%) Spring
19 292 (7.04%) Backbone.js
20 275 (6.63%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 738 (17.78%) User Experience
2 238 (5.73%) Mobile App
3 154 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
4 126 (3.04%) Computer Science
5 99 (2.39%) Visualisation
6 67 (1.61%) Fintech
7 55 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 53 (1.28%) Digital Media
9 51 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
9 51 (1.23%) W3C
10 40 (0.96%) Algorithms
11 38 (0.92%) RIA
12 32 (0.77%) Derivative
13 30 (0.72%) Fixed Income
14 29 (0.70%) Psychology
15 28 (0.67%) Data Structures
15 28 (0.67%) e-Learning
15 28 (0.67%) Inversion of Control
16 27 (0.65%) Animation
17 26 (0.63%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 289 (6.96%) Linux
2 150 (3.61%) Windows
3 143 (3.45%) Unix
4 134 (3.23%) Android
5 121 (2.92%) Apple iOS
6 54 (1.30%) Windows Server
7 42 (1.01%) Mac OS X
8 33 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.53%) Windows Phone
10 20 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
11 14 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
12 11 (0.27%) Solaris
12 11 (0.27%) webOS
12 11 (0.27%) Windows 10
12 11 (0.27%) Windows Phone 7
13 10 (0.24%) Windows 8
14 6 (0.14%) Ubuntu
15 5 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
16 4 (0.096%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.096%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1959 (47.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1303 (31.40%) Front End Development
3 951 (22.92%) TDD
4 788 (18.99%) Web Development
5 745 (17.95%) MVC
6 670 (16.14%) OO
7 651 (15.69%) Scrum
8 489 (11.78%) BDD
9 442 (10.65%) Responsive Web Design
10 360 (8.67%) Continuous Integration
11 353 (8.51%) E-Commerce
12 226 (5.45%) Software Engineering
13 220 (5.30%) OOP
14 198 (4.77%) Unit Testing
15 190 (4.58%) Wireframes
16 186 (4.48%) Open Source
17 182 (4.39%) Mentoring
18 165 (3.98%) Web Design
19 155 (3.73%) Pair Programming
20 153 (3.69%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 3496 (84.24%) JavaScript
2 967 (23.30%) Java
3 597 (14.39%) C#
4 560 (13.49%) SQL
5 556 (13.40%) PHP
6 263 (6.34%) Ruby
7 243 (5.86%) Python
8 208 (5.01%) ES6
9 168 (4.05%) Scala
10 81 (1.95%) T-SQL
11 74 (1.78%) Groovy
12 73 (1.76%) TypeScript
13 70 (1.69%) Perl
14 62 (1.49%) PL/SQL
15 43 (1.04%) C++
15 43 (1.04%) PowerShell
16 39 (0.94%) Clojure
16 39 (0.94%) ECMAScript
16 39 (0.94%) Shell Script
17 37 (0.89%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 206 (4.96%) Degree
2 147 (3.54%) Security Cleared
3 92 (2.22%) SC Cleared
4 45 (1.08%) DV Cleared
5 13 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (0.24%) PMP
7 9 (0.22%) PMI Certification
8 8 (0.19%) SAS Certification
9 6 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.12%) CCNA
10 5 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.096%) BC Cleared
11 4 (0.096%) CCDP
11 4 (0.096%) CCNP
11 4 (0.096%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.072%) CBAP
12 3 (0.072%) CCDA
12 3 (0.072%) ECDL
12 3 (0.072%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (2.46%) QA
2 38 (0.92%) WAI
3 18 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
4 16 (0.39%) WCAG
5 4 (0.096%) SDET
5 4 (0.096%) SLA
6 3 (0.072%) COBIT
7 2 (0.048%) FATCA
7 2 (0.048%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.024%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.024%) GCP
8 1 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.024%) MiFID
8 1 (0.024%) PMBOK
System Software
1 103 (2.48%) Docker
2 31 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.22%) Hyper-V
4 9 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.19%) Varnish
6 7 (0.17%) KVM
7 3 (0.072%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.072%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.048%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.048%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.024%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.024%) HDFS
9 1 (0.024%) LXC
9 1 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 65 (1.57%) Puppet
2 52 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
3 33 (0.80%) Ansible
4 14 (0.34%) Kibana
4 14 (0.34%) Kubernetes
5 8 (0.19%) Terraform
6 7 (0.17%) Oracle Identity Management
6 7 (0.17%) TeamSite
7 5 (0.12%) yum
8 3 (0.072%) Piwik
9 2 (0.048%) CA Wily
9 2 (0.048%) Capistrano
9 2 (0.048%) Mesos
9 2 (0.048%) Nagios
9 2 (0.048%) SCOM
9 2 (0.048%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.024%) AirWatch
10 1 (0.024%) Graphite
10 1 (0.024%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.024%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 285 (6.87%) Adobe
2 258 (6.22%) Oracle
3 209 (5.04%) Microsoft
4 96 (2.31%) Google
5 92 (2.22%) ServiceNow
6 61 (1.47%) Zend
7 58 (1.40%) Atlassian
8 53 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
9 50 (1.20%) IBM
10 41 (0.99%) SAP
11 34 (0.82%) Sitecore
12 31 (0.75%) Red Hat
13 30 (0.72%) hybris
14 29 (0.70%) Twitter
15 27 (0.65%) Apple
16 21 (0.51%) ATG
17 20 (0.48%) New Relic
17 20 (0.48%) Tableau
17 20 (0.48%) VMware
18 19 (0.46%) Informatica
London
Premier IT
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £310 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
South East London
Salt
Rate: £450.00 - £475.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Exposed Solutions
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
South East London
Energon People
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
West London
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £450 - £550 per day + negotiable
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £550 - £650 per day + depending on experience
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £400 - £500 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Executive Resource Group
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago