The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 30 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
30 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 12 20 17
Rank change year-on-year
+8 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS 1981 1748 1904
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 9.14% 7.73% 8.15%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.49% 25.16% 26.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1610 1268 1451
Median daily rate £425 £375 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+13.33% -6.25%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 15 1
Median hourly rate £190.00 £22.18 £175.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+756.62% -87.32%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.89 £32.54 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-29.65% +1.68%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6953 6947 7123
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 32.07% 30.70% 30.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 5355 4985 5234
Median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.88% +3.03%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £300 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 46 18
Median hourly rate £43.04 £22.18 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+94.02% -44.55%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.75 £16.43 £30.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £190.00 £52.18 £175.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £37.80 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-14.02% +8.00%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 30 May 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 30 May 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 30 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +11 312 £425 +13.33% 121
Croydon +7 32 £431 +11.29% 2
Bromley -9 10 £325 -38.09% 2
Westminster -8 5 £400 +17.64%
Hammersmith +4 4 £325 -15.03%
Kingston Upon Thames +2 4 £383 +2.00% 3
Wimbledon 0 3 £400 +30.61%
Docklands, London +8 2 £380 -
Canary Wharf +3 2 £350 -1.40%
Hounslow +3 2 £425 -34.61%
Twickenham -1 2 £150 -53.84% 1
Harrow -10 2 £350 +100.00% 1
Chiswick - 2 £350 -
Uxbridge +2 1 £425 +9.67% 4
Brentford - 1 £475 -
Ilford - 1 £450 -
Teddington - 1 £275 - 1
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 30 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3559 (94.03%) HTML
2 3211 (84.83%) JavaScript
3 1927 (50.91%) HTML5
4 1807 (47.74%) Agile Software Development
5 1583 (41.82%) CSS3
6 1352 (35.72%) AngularJS
7 1106 (29.22%) Front End Development
8 1089 (28.77%) jQuery
9 898 (23.73%) TDD
10 859 (22.69%) Java
11 742 (19.60%) Web Development
12 718 (18.97%) Node.js
13 705 (18.63%) Git (software)
14 694 (18.34%) Sass
15 671 (17.73%) MVC
16 637 (16.83%) OO
16 637 (16.83%) User Experience
17 624 (16.49%) Scrum
18 608 (16.06%) .NET
19 546 (14.43%) PHP
20 528 (13.95%) C#
21 524 (13.84%) React
22 521 (13.76%) Finance
23 487 (12.87%) SQL
24 456 (12.05%) BDD
25 449 (11.86%) MySQL
26 436 (11.52%) Web Services
27 430 (11.36%) XML
28 403 (10.65%) Responsive Web Design
29 401 (10.59%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 718 (18.97%) Node.js
2 291 (7.69%) CMS
3 138 (3.65%) WordPress
4 118 (3.12%) Drupal
5 98 (2.59%) Tomcat
6 88 (2.32%) Apache
7 83 (2.19%) SharePoint
8 70 (1.85%) Confluence
9 63 (1.66%) IIS
9 63 (1.66%) nginx
10 60 (1.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 50 (1.32%) Umbraco
12 49 (1.29%) Jetty
13 48 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
14 33 (0.87%) WebSphere
15 28 (0.74%) SharePoint 2013
16 26 (0.69%) Moodle
16 26 (0.69%) SharePoint 2010
17 24 (0.63%) JBoss
18 23 (0.61%) WebLogic
Applications
1 219 (5.79%) Photoshop
2 99 (2.62%) Adobe Illustrator
3 88 (2.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 85 (2.25%) MS Excel
5 57 (1.51%) MS Visio
6 39 (1.03%) OmniGraffle
7 35 (0.92%) MS Office
8 21 (0.55%) SPSS
9 12 (0.32%) MS PowerPoint
9 12 (0.32%) Stata
10 11 (0.29%) InfoPath
11 10 (0.26%) InDesign
12 7 (0.18%) GIMP
13 6 (0.16%) Fireworks
14 4 (0.11%) MS Project
15 3 (0.079%) Adobe After Effects
15 3 (0.079%) Adobe Captivate
16 1 (0.026%) Edge Animate
16 1 (0.026%) FrameMaker
Business Applications
1 56 (1.48%) Magento
2 30 (0.79%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 19 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.37%) Eloqua
5 12 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
6 11 (0.29%) WebTrends
7 10 (0.26%) BigMachines
8 6 (0.16%) OpenText VIM for SAP
8 6 (0.16%) Unica
9 5 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
9 5 (0.13%) ION MarketView
10 3 (0.079%) Remedy ITSM
10 3 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.053%) Radian6
12 1 (0.026%) Endur
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle BPM
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle EBS
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 179 (4.73%) Amazon AWS
2 114 (3.01%) GitHub
3 77 (2.03%) Microsoft Azure
4 60 (1.59%) SaaS
5 33 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
6 25 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
6 25 (0.66%) Google Analytics
6 25 (0.66%) Heroku
7 23 (0.61%) Google Cloud Platform
8 20 (0.53%) Amazon S3
8 20 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
9 18 (0.48%) Office 365
10 15 (0.40%) Google App Engine
11 14 (0.37%) CloudFront
12 12 (0.32%) Force.com
13 9 (0.24%) MailChimp
13 9 (0.24%) PaaS
14 8 (0.21%) Amazon ELB
15 7 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
15 7 (0.18%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 129 (3.41%) HTTP
2 80 (2.11%) Internet
3 26 (0.69%) TCP/IP
4 24 (0.63%) DNS
4 24 (0.63%) SSL
5 18 (0.48%) LDAP
5 18 (0.48%) SNMP
6 16 (0.42%) Intranet
7 14 (0.37%) Network Security
8 13 (0.34%) HTTPS
9 12 (0.32%) Firewall
9 12 (0.32%) VPN
10 10 (0.26%) AMQP
11 8 (0.21%) Remote Desktop
12 7 (0.18%) Bluetooth
12 7 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
12 7 (0.18%) X.509
12 7 (0.18%) ZigBee
13 6 (0.16%) 802.15
13 6 (0.16%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 449 (11.86%) MySQL
2 334 (8.82%) SQL Server
3 228 (6.02%) MongoDB
4 170 (4.49%) NoSQL
5 142 (3.75%) Relational Database
6 124 (3.28%) PostgreSQL
7 55 (1.45%) SQL Server 2008
8 51 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
8 51 (1.35%) Neo4j
9 49 (1.29%) RDBMS
10 48 (1.27%) Oracle Database
11 46 (1.22%) Apache Hive
11 46 (1.22%) Big Data
12 44 (1.16%) Hadoop
13 43 (1.14%) Redis
14 33 (0.87%) SQL Server 2012
15 29 (0.77%) Impala
15 29 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 28 (0.74%) CouchDB
17 27 (0.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 705 (18.63%) Git (software)
2 336 (8.88%) Grunt
3 243 (6.42%) gulp
4 227 (6.00%) Subversion
5 181 (4.78%) Jasmine
6 178 (4.70%) JIRA
7 134 (3.54%) Maven
7 134 (3.54%) Mocha
8 130 (3.43%) Jenkins
9 111 (2.93%) JUnit
10 94 (2.48%) Karma Test Runner
11 84 (2.22%) Selenium
12 82 (2.17%) Cucumber
13 81 (2.14%) TeamCity
13 81 (2.14%) Visual Studio
14 73 (1.93%) Axure RP
15 66 (1.74%) Protractor
16 52 (1.37%) Bower
17 48 (1.27%) Mockito
18 47 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 521 (13.76%) Finance
2 289 (7.64%) Banking
3 193 (5.10%) Marketing
4 125 (3.30%) Retail
5 118 (3.12%) Investment Banking
6 94 (2.48%) Games
7 87 (2.30%) Publishing
8 66 (1.74%) Advertising
9 58 (1.53%) Telecoms
10 48 (1.27%) Front Office
11 37 (0.98%) Manufacturing
12 35 (0.92%) Law
13 33 (0.87%) Electronics
14 25 (0.66%) Legal
15 20 (0.53%) Financial Institution
16 19 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
17 11 (0.29%) Back Office
18 8 (0.21%) Local Government
19 6 (0.16%) Retail Banking
20 5 (0.13%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 3072 (81.16%) Developer
2 921 (24.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 844 (22.30%) JavaScript Developer
4 383 (10.12%) Senior Developer
5 356 (9.41%) HTML Developer
6 308 (8.14%) Java Developer
7 304 (8.03%) Angular Developer
8 301 (7.95%) .NET Developer
9 284 (7.50%) Web Developer
10 275 (7.27%) HTML CSS Developer
11 265 (7.00%) Full Stack Developer
12 249 (6.58%) UI Developer
13 227 (6.00%) Designer
14 203 (5.36%) C# Developer
15 174 (4.60%) PHP Developer
16 152 (4.02%) C# .NET Developer
17 144 (3.80%) Agile Developer
18 134 (3.54%) Node.js Developer
19 131 (3.46%) ASP.NET Developer
20 126 (3.33%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3559 (94.03%) HTML
2 1927 (50.91%) HTML5
3 1583 (41.82%) CSS3
4 1352 (35.72%) AngularJS
5 1089 (28.77%) jQuery
6 694 (18.34%) Sass
7 608 (16.06%) .NET
8 524 (13.84%) React
9 436 (11.52%) Web Services
10 430 (11.36%) XML
11 401 (10.59%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 400 (10.57%) Ajax
13 372 (9.83%) ASP.NET
14 345 (9.11%) Backbone.js
15 338 (8.93%) REST
16 318 (8.40%) Spring
17 306 (8.08%) JSON
18 302 (7.98%) LESS
19 281 (7.42%) RESTful
20 216 (5.71%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 637 (16.83%) User Experience
2 230 (6.08%) Mobile App
3 129 (3.41%) Analytical Skills
4 116 (3.06%) Computer Science
5 102 (2.69%) Visualisation
6 65 (1.72%) Fintech
7 61 (1.61%) W3C
8 43 (1.14%) Algorithms
8 43 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
9 42 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 40 (1.06%) RIA
11 36 (0.95%) Digital Media
12 34 (0.90%) Data Structures
13 31 (0.82%) Social Media
14 30 (0.79%) Inversion of Control
14 30 (0.79%) Psychology
15 27 (0.71%) e-Learning
16 26 (0.69%) Derivative
17 25 (0.66%) Animation
17 25 (0.66%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 256 (6.76%) Linux
2 150 (3.96%) Unix
3 119 (3.14%) Windows
4 81 (2.14%) Android
5 73 (1.93%) Apple iOS
6 49 (1.29%) Mac OS X
7 45 (1.19%) Windows Server
8 29 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 24 (0.63%) Mac OS
10 14 (0.37%) Windows Phone
10 14 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.26%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
12 8 (0.21%) CentOS
13 5 (0.13%) Solaris
13 5 (0.13%) webOS
13 5 (0.13%) Windows Phone 7
14 4 (0.11%) Debian
14 4 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
15 2 (0.053%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1807 (47.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1106 (29.22%) Front End Development
3 898 (23.73%) TDD
4 742 (19.60%) Web Development
5 671 (17.73%) MVC
6 637 (16.83%) OO
7 624 (16.49%) Scrum
8 456 (12.05%) BDD
9 403 (10.65%) Responsive Web Design
10 373 (9.85%) E-Commerce
11 327 (8.64%) Continuous Integration
12 200 (5.28%) Unit Testing
13 196 (5.18%) Software Engineering
14 188 (4.97%) OOP
15 170 (4.49%) Wireframes
16 166 (4.39%) Mentoring
17 164 (4.33%) Pair Programming
18 150 (3.96%) Web Design
19 145 (3.83%) Kanban
20 144 (3.80%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 3211 (84.83%) JavaScript
2 859 (22.69%) Java
3 546 (14.43%) PHP
4 528 (13.95%) C#
5 487 (12.87%) SQL
6 268 (7.08%) Python
7 261 (6.90%) Ruby
8 155 (4.10%) Scala
9 149 (3.94%) ES6
10 76 (2.01%) Groovy
11 73 (1.93%) T-SQL
12 71 (1.88%) Perl
13 56 (1.48%) PL/SQL
14 41 (1.08%) Apex Code
15 40 (1.06%) C++
16 37 (0.98%) ECMAScript
16 37 (0.98%) Shell Script
17 36 (0.95%) C
17 36 (0.95%) PowerShell
18 35 (0.92%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 198 (5.23%) Degree
2 110 (2.91%) Security Cleared
3 69 (1.82%) SC Cleared
4 31 (0.82%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (0.21%) SAS Certification
7 7 (0.18%) CBAP
8 6 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
9 4 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.11%) PMI Certification
9 4 (0.11%) PMP
10 3 (0.079%) BC Cleared
10 3 (0.079%) CCNA
10 3 (0.079%) ECDL
10 3 (0.079%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 2 (0.053%) CCDA
11 2 (0.053%) CCDP
11 2 (0.053%) HND
11 2 (0.053%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (2.11%) QA
2 28 (0.74%) WAI
3 19 (0.50%) WCAG
4 18 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
5 7 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.16%) SLA
7 2 (0.053%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.053%) SDET
8 1 (0.026%) COBIT
8 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.026%) MiFID
8 1 (0.026%) PMBOK
System Software
1 45 (1.19%) Docker
2 22 (0.58%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.37%) Varnish
4 8 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.053%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.053%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.053%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.026%) GlusterFS
6 1 (0.026%) HDFS
6 1 (0.026%) KVM
6 1 (0.026%) LXC
6 1 (0.026%) Xen
Systems Management
1 43 (1.14%) Puppet
2 38 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
3 13 (0.34%) Kibana
4 12 (0.32%) Kubernetes
5 7 (0.18%) Ansible
6 5 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
6 5 (0.13%) TeamSite
7 4 (0.11%) yum
8 3 (0.079%) Capistrano
8 3 (0.079%) Piwik
8 3 (0.079%) SCOM
9 2 (0.053%) CA Wily
9 2 (0.053%) Mesos
9 2 (0.053%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.026%) AirWatch
10 1 (0.026%) Graphite
10 1 (0.026%) Jitterbit
10 1 (0.026%) logstash
10 1 (0.026%) Oracle Identity Management
10 1 (0.026%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 250 (6.61%) Adobe
2 229 (6.05%) Oracle
3 180 (4.76%) Microsoft
4 82 (2.17%) ServiceNow
5 79 (2.09%) Google
6 62 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
6 62 (1.64%) Zend
7 54 (1.43%) SAP
8 46 (1.22%) Atlassian
9 44 (1.16%) Twitter
10 31 (0.82%) Sitecore
11 30 (0.79%) hybris
12 26 (0.69%) IBM
13 24 (0.63%) Red Hat
13 24 (0.63%) Telerik
14 23 (0.61%) Facebook
15 18 (0.48%) EPiServer
16 17 (0.45%) ATG
17 16 (0.42%) Informatica
18 14 (0.37%) RedDot
City, London
Data Idols
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Data Idols
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
CPS Group UK
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £385 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £280 to £310 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
IT Rockstars Recruitment
Rate: 10% annual bonus on top of salary in addition to other benefits.
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Cadence Resourcing
Rate: £260 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
ISL
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
BAE Systems Applied Intelligence Ltd
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £350 - £430 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + 350-450
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £450 - £550 per day + negotiable
Posted: 4 days ago
London
CPS Group UK
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £500 - £520 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Energon People
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
West London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £550 per day (Dependent on XP)
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Premier Media
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £400 - 450 per day
Posted: 6 days ago