The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 29 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
29 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 10 14 15
Rank change year-on-year
+4 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 2341 2044 2061
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 10.26% 8.74% 8.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.48% 27.25% 27.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 1757 1580 1556
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% +3.22%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 13 10
Median hourly rate £46.00 £21.64 £34.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+112.56% -37.72%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £29.55 £19.12 £14.85
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £80.50 £41.70 £137.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.00 £33.53 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-13.49% -4.21%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7940 7501 7555
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 34.78% 32.06% 30.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 5882 5583 5482
Median daily rate £450 £438 £424
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.85% +3.18%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £313 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 50 40
Median hourly rate £46.50 £22.12 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+110.26% -44.71%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £29.55 £19.17 £15.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £80.50 £44.40 £137.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £34.50
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +8.69%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 29 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +9 309 £450 +12.50% 134
Croydon -10 25 £419 +11.66% 2
Westminster -4 15 £425 -7.35% 1
Uxbridge +2 9 £363 +31.81% 2
Canary Wharf -4 6 £391 -21.75%
Bromley -10 6 £275 -15.38% 4
Docklands, London +9 5 £400 -
Feltham -2 5 £425 +21.42%
Brentford - 3 £300 -
Kingston Upon Thames - 3 £325 - 5
Hounslow +8 2 £350 -4.10%
Wimbledon 0 2 £325 -
Barking -3 2 £338 +3.84%
Hayes -1 1 £300 +5.26%
Romford -1 1 £325 +30.00%
Ilford -4 1 £425 -5.55%
Hillingdon - 1 - -
Chiswick - 1 £425 -
Mayfair - 1 £550 -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 29 September 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4180 (95.63%) HTML
2 3585 (82.02%) JavaScript
3 2263 (51.77%) HTML5
4 2011 (46.01%) Agile Software Development
5 1810 (41.41%) CSS3
6 1638 (37.47%) AngularJS
7 1337 (30.59%) Front End Development
8 1232 (28.19%) jQuery
9 1009 (23.08%) TDD
10 974 (22.28%) Java
11 844 (19.31%) Node.js
12 833 (19.06%) React
13 825 (18.87%) Web Development
14 798 (18.26%) Git (software)
15 783 (17.91%) MVC
16 760 (17.39%) Sass
17 721 (16.50%) User Experience
18 684 (15.65%) .NET
19 677 (15.49%) Scrum
20 663 (15.17%) OO
21 661 (15.12%) Finance
22 604 (13.82%) C#
23 598 (13.68%) PHP
24 548 (12.54%) SQL
25 532 (12.17%) REST
26 526 (12.03%) Web Services
27 521 (11.92%) XML
28 491 (11.23%) BDD
29 483 (11.05%) MySQL
30 477 (10.91%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 317 (7.25%) CMS
2 155 (3.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 153 (3.50%) Drupal
4 138 (3.16%) WordPress
5 117 (2.68%) Confluence
5 117 (2.68%) Tomcat
6 113 (2.59%) SharePoint
7 92 (2.10%) Apache
8 55 (1.26%) JBoss
9 53 (1.21%) IIS
10 52 (1.19%) SharePoint 2013
11 49 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
12 48 (1.10%) nginx
13 47 (1.08%) WebSphere
14 45 (1.03%) Umbraco
15 40 (0.92%) SharePoint 2010
16 36 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
17 29 (0.66%) WebLogic
18 26 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
19 22 (0.50%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 220 (5.03%) Photoshop
2 107 (2.45%) Adobe Illustrator
3 92 (2.10%) MS Excel
4 56 (1.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 39 (0.89%) OmniGraffle
6 30 (0.69%) MS Office
7 28 (0.64%) MS Visio
8 22 (0.50%) InVision
9 17 (0.39%) InDesign
10 11 (0.25%) MS PowerPoint
11 9 (0.21%) InfoPath
12 7 (0.16%) Fireworks
12 7 (0.16%) GIMP
13 5 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
13 5 (0.11%) SPSS
13 5 (0.11%) Stata
14 4 (0.092%) MS Project
15 3 (0.069%) Flinto
15 3 (0.069%) UXPin
16 2 (0.046%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 81 (1.85%) Magento
2 31 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.37%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 13 (0.30%) Adobe Campaign
5 9 (0.21%) WebTrends
6 8 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.11%) OpenText VIM for SAP
8 4 (0.092%) Unica
9 3 (0.069%) nopCommerce
9 3 (0.069%) Unit4 Business World
10 2 (0.046%) Eloqua
10 2 (0.046%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.046%) Radian6
10 2 (0.046%) Shopify
11 1 (0.023%) Dynamics AX
11 1 (0.023%) Endur
11 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
11 1 (0.023%) Remedy ITSM
11 1 (0.023%) RMDS
11 1 (0.023%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 257 (5.88%) Amazon AWS
2 150 (3.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 131 (3.00%) GitHub
4 61 (1.40%) SaaS
5 52 (1.19%) Office 365
6 39 (0.89%) PaaS
7 38 (0.87%) Google Analytics
8 25 (0.57%) Heroku
9 24 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
10 22 (0.50%) AWS CloudFormation
11 20 (0.46%) IaaS
12 18 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
13 16 (0.37%) CloudBees
13 16 (0.37%) OpenShift
14 11 (0.25%) Amazon S3
15 10 (0.23%) Adobe Analytics
15 10 (0.23%) CloudFront
16 9 (0.21%) Google Play
17 8 (0.18%) Google App Engine
17 8 (0.18%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 161 (3.68%) HTTP
2 98 (2.24%) Internet
3 31 (0.71%) Network Security
4 27 (0.62%) LDAP
5 21 (0.48%) HTTPS
6 18 (0.41%) Intranet
7 17 (0.39%) SNMP
8 16 (0.37%) Firewall
9 14 (0.32%) TCP/IP
10 11 (0.25%) SSL
11 10 (0.23%) AMQP
11 10 (0.23%) LAN
11 10 (0.23%) WAN
12 9 (0.21%) DNS
13 8 (0.18%) VPN
14 7 (0.16%) Skype
15 5 (0.11%) FTP
16 4 (0.092%) Cisco ASA
16 4 (0.092%) DMZ
16 4 (0.092%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 483 (11.05%) MySQL
2 364 (8.33%) SQL Server
3 254 (5.81%) MongoDB
4 189 (4.32%) NoSQL
5 185 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
6 176 (4.03%) Relational Database
7 67 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
8 64 (1.46%) RDBMS
9 61 (1.40%) Big Data
10 37 (0.85%) Hadoop
10 37 (0.85%) SQL Server 2008
11 34 (0.78%) Neo4j
12 31 (0.71%) DB2
13 29 (0.66%) Oracle Database
13 29 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
14 27 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 26 (0.59%) Redis
16 24 (0.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 23 (0.53%) Apache Hive
18 22 (0.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 798 (18.26%) Git (software)
2 395 (9.04%) Grunt
3 324 (7.41%) gulp
4 246 (5.63%) JIRA
5 219 (5.01%) Jasmine
6 218 (4.99%) Subversion
7 216 (4.94%) Jenkins
8 176 (4.03%) Maven
9 155 (3.55%) Cucumber
10 147 (3.36%) Mocha
11 122 (2.79%) Selenium
12 113 (2.59%) JUnit
13 112 (2.56%) Karma Test Runner
14 109 (2.49%) webpack
15 104 (2.38%) Visual Studio
16 88 (2.01%) Bower
16 88 (2.01%) TeamCity
17 74 (1.69%) Gradle
18 68 (1.56%) Babel
19 67 (1.53%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 661 (15.12%) Finance
2 376 (8.60%) Banking
3 214 (4.90%) Marketing
4 209 (4.78%) Retail
5 116 (2.65%) Publishing
6 92 (2.10%) Investment Banking
7 90 (2.06%) Games
8 83 (1.90%) Advertising
9 57 (1.30%) Telecoms
10 43 (0.98%) Financial Institution
11 35 (0.80%) Manufacturing
12 33 (0.75%) Front Office
13 30 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
14 29 (0.66%) Legal
15 20 (0.46%) Electronics
16 19 (0.43%) Law
17 15 (0.34%) Automotive
18 10 (0.23%) Retail Banking
19 7 (0.16%) Back Office
19 7 (0.16%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 3468 (79.34%) Developer
2 1066 (24.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 853 (19.51%) JavaScript Developer
4 449 (10.27%) HTML Developer
5 423 (9.68%) Senior Developer
6 365 (8.35%) Java Developer
7 340 (7.78%) Angular Developer
8 330 (7.55%) HTML CSS Developer
9 310 (7.09%) Web Developer
10 289 (6.61%) Full Stack Developer
11 277 (6.34%) .NET Developer
12 271 (6.20%) UI Developer
13 243 (5.56%) Designer
14 197 (4.51%) PHP Developer
15 185 (4.23%) C# Developer
16 174 (3.98%) Architect
17 138 (3.16%) Agile Developer
18 136 (3.11%) UX Designer
19 134 (3.07%) Node.js Developer
20 126 (2.88%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4180 (95.63%) HTML
2 2263 (51.77%) HTML5
3 1810 (41.41%) CSS3
4 1638 (37.47%) AngularJS
5 1232 (28.19%) jQuery
6 844 (19.31%) Node.js
7 833 (19.06%) React
8 760 (17.39%) Sass
9 684 (15.65%) .NET
10 532 (12.17%) REST
11 526 (12.03%) Web Services
12 521 (11.92%) XML
13 474 (10.84%) Ajax
14 424 (9.70%) JSON
15 407 (9.31%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 397 (9.08%) LESS
17 392 (8.97%) ASP.NET
18 347 (7.94%) Spring
19 318 (7.28%) RESTful
20 280 (6.41%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 721 (16.50%) User Experience
2 222 (5.08%) Mobile App
3 175 (4.00%) Analytical Skills
4 162 (3.71%) Computer Science
5 79 (1.81%) Visualisation
6 67 (1.53%) Fintech
7 53 (1.21%) Digital Media
8 50 (1.14%) W3C
9 48 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
10 42 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 41 (0.94%) Algorithms
12 39 (0.89%) Social Media
13 33 (0.75%) Virtual Team
14 29 (0.66%) Fixed Income
15 27 (0.62%) Data Structures
15 27 (0.62%) NHS
16 26 (0.59%) Management Information System
16 26 (0.59%) RIA
17 25 (0.57%) Semantic Web
18 24 (0.55%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 308 (7.05%) Linux
2 174 (3.98%) Android
3 162 (3.71%) Apple iOS
4 161 (3.68%) Windows
5 131 (3.00%) Unix
6 44 (1.01%) Windows Server
7 30 (0.69%) Mac OS X
8 27 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 27 (0.62%) Windows Phone
9 16 (0.37%) webOS
9 16 (0.37%) Windows Phone 7
10 14 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.25%) Windows 10
12 11 (0.25%) Windows 8
13 10 (0.23%) Solaris
14 4 (0.092%) CentOS
14 4 (0.092%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.092%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.092%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2011 (46.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1337 (30.59%) Front End Development
3 1009 (23.08%) TDD
4 825 (18.87%) Web Development
5 783 (17.91%) MVC
6 677 (15.49%) Scrum
7 663 (15.17%) OO
8 491 (11.23%) BDD
9 477 (10.91%) Responsive Web Design
10 376 (8.60%) E-Commerce
11 364 (8.33%) Continuous Integration
12 244 (5.58%) OOP
13 243 (5.56%) Open Source
14 231 (5.28%) Software Engineering
15 194 (4.44%) Unit Testing
16 183 (4.19%) SDLC
17 176 (4.03%) Web Design
18 174 (3.98%) Wireframes
19 173 (3.96%) Mentoring
20 169 (3.87%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 3585 (82.02%) JavaScript
2 974 (22.28%) Java
3 604 (13.82%) C#
4 598 (13.68%) PHP
5 548 (12.54%) SQL
6 274 (6.27%) Ruby
7 248 (5.67%) Python
8 242 (5.54%) ES6
9 175 (4.00%) Scala
10 88 (2.01%) T-SQL
11 73 (1.67%) Perl
11 73 (1.67%) TypeScript
12 48 (1.10%) Shell Script
13 44 (1.01%) C++
13 44 (1.01%) Objective-C
13 44 (1.01%) PL/SQL
14 40 (0.92%) C
14 40 (0.92%) VB.NET
15 39 (0.89%) PowerShell
16 36 (0.82%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 260 (5.95%) Degree
2 167 (3.82%) Security Cleared
3 110 (2.52%) SC Cleared
4 33 (0.75%) DV Cleared
5 20 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (0.23%) PMP
7 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (0.21%) PMI Certification
8 7 (0.16%) BC Cleared
9 6 (0.14%) CCNA
9 6 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.14%) PhD
10 5 (0.11%) CCDP
10 5 (0.11%) CCNP
11 4 (0.092%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.092%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.069%) CBAP
12 3 (0.069%) CCDA
12 3 (0.069%) CCVP
12 3 (0.069%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (3.52%) QA
2 44 (1.01%) WAI
3 21 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
4 18 (0.41%) WCAG
5 10 (0.23%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.23%) FATCA
6 6 (0.14%) SDET
7 4 (0.092%) SLA
8 3 (0.069%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.069%) COBIT
8 3 (0.069%) GCP
8 3 (0.069%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.023%) MiFID
System Software
1 148 (3.39%) Docker
2 38 (0.87%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.21%) Varnish
6 7 (0.16%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.16%) KVM
7 3 (0.069%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.069%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.046%) GlusterFS
8 2 (0.046%) vCloud
8 2 (0.046%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.046%) vSphere
9 1 (0.023%) HDFS
9 1 (0.023%) LXC
9 1 (0.023%) Xen
Systems Management
1 60 (1.37%) Puppet
2 56 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
3 38 (0.87%) Ansible
4 17 (0.39%) Kubernetes
5 15 (0.34%) Terraform
6 11 (0.25%) Kibana
7 7 (0.16%) Oracle Identity Management
8 4 (0.092%) Piwik
8 4 (0.092%) yum
9 3 (0.069%) TeamSite
10 2 (0.046%) CA Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.046%) Consul
10 2 (0.046%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.046%) Mesos
10 2 (0.046%) Nagios
10 2 (0.046%) Packer
10 2 (0.046%) SCCM
10 2 (0.046%) vRealize
10 2 (0.046%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.023%) Graphite
Vendors
1 316 (7.23%) Adobe
2 221 (5.06%) Microsoft
3 216 (4.94%) Oracle
4 96 (2.20%) ServiceNow
5 88 (2.01%) Google
6 75 (1.72%) Zend
7 55 (1.26%) Atlassian
8 44 (1.01%) New Relic
8 44 (1.01%) Sitecore
9 43 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
10 42 (0.96%) IBM
11 38 (0.87%) hybris
12 34 (0.78%) SAP
13 32 (0.73%) Apple
14 26 (0.59%) EPiServer
15 25 (0.57%) Red Hat
16 24 (0.55%) Twitter
17 21 (0.48%) MuleSoft
18 20 (0.46%) VMware
19 18 (0.41%) Xamarin
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £340 per day 3 months initial
Posted: 2 days ago
London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £375 - £475 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Barnet, Hertfordshire
Tiro Partners
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Networkers
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Lennon Wright
Posted: Yesterday
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
C4 Commerce
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day 3 months rolling
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Energon People
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £350 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Joseph Harry Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
London
Westbourne Partners
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £425 to £500 per day 3 months rolling
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
Hatstand Limited
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Ebury
Rate: £400.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venturi
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday