The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 19 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
19 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
England / London
Rank 15 12 17
Rank change year-on-year
-3 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 1626 1884 1678
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 8.38% 8.99% 7.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.28% 27.88% 26.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 1202 1489 1280
Median daily rate £440 £418 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.38% +4.37%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £530 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 15 9
Median hourly rate £35.69 £37.50 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-4.84% +92.30%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.30 £24.23 £14.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £44.80 £53.00 £58.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £33.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
-1.51% +1.53%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6697 6758 6427
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 34.50% 32.26% 30.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 5031 5019 4838
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.55% +5.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £325 £308
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £580 £581
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 45 30
Median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+4.65% +10.25%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £27.50 £24.23 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.50 £33.50
% change year-on-year
- +11.94%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 19 January 2017.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 19 January 2017.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 19 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +6 257 £450 +6.88% 128
Croydon -15 10 £413 -8.33% 2
Canary Wharf +2 9 £450 -20.35%
Wimbledon - 8 £325 -
Bromley +1 6 £450 +38.46%
Docklands, London -1 2 £538 +22.43%
Feltham -2 2 £396 -
Hounslow -2 2 - - 1
Westminster -10 2 £550 +32.84%
Barnet - 2 £400 -
Uxbridge -1 1 £320 -
Kingston Upon Thames -8 1 £375 -21.05% 5
Morden - 1 £330 -
Twickenham - 1 £325 - 5
Bexleyheath - 1 - -
Harrow - 1 £275 - 1
Southwark - 1 - -
Finchley - 1 £425 -
Chiswick - 1 £425 - 1
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 19 January 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3817 (95.14%) HTML
2 3225 (80.38%) JavaScript
3 1944 (48.45%) HTML5
4 1783 (44.44%) Agile Software Development
5 1577 (39.31%) CSS3
6 1415 (35.27%) AngularJS
7 1081 (26.94%) jQuery
8 1068 (26.62%) Front End Development
9 951 (23.70%) TDD
10 924 (23.03%) Java
11 802 (19.99%) React
12 746 (18.59%) Node.js
13 721 (17.97%) Web Development
14 705 (17.57%) Git (software)
15 664 (16.55%) Sass
16 650 (16.20%) User Experience
17 634 (15.80%) MVC
18 633 (15.78%) Finance
19 616 (15.35%) Scrum
20 588 (14.66%) OO
21 552 (13.76%) REST
22 536 (13.36%) PHP
23 533 (13.29%) Web Services
24 524 (13.06%) .NET
25 496 (12.36%) BDD
26 495 (12.34%) SQL
27 487 (12.14%) C#
28 467 (11.64%) XML
29 453 (11.29%) JSON
30 398 (9.92%) Ajax

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 296 (7.38%) CMS
2 175 (4.36%) Drupal
3 151 (3.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 122 (3.04%) Apache
5 110 (2.74%) SharePoint
6 105 (2.62%) Confluence
7 99 (2.47%) WordPress
8 54 (1.35%) JBoss
9 53 (1.32%) Tomcat
10 51 (1.27%) SharePoint 2013
11 50 (1.25%) Apache Solr
11 50 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
12 41 (1.02%) WebSphere
13 38 (0.95%) IIS
13 38 (0.95%) Umbraco
14 32 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
15 28 (0.70%) SharePoint 2010
16 21 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
17 16 (0.40%) nginx
18 12 (0.30%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 165 (4.11%) Photoshop
2 81 (2.02%) MS Excel
3 69 (1.72%) Adobe Illustrator
4 49 (1.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 32 (0.80%) OmniGraffle
6 26 (0.65%) MS Office
7 15 (0.37%) MS Visio
8 13 (0.32%) InVision
9 10 (0.25%) InDesign
10 8 (0.20%) Fireworks
10 8 (0.20%) GIMP
11 7 (0.17%) MS PowerPoint
12 4 (0.100%) UXPin
13 3 (0.075%) Adobe After Effects
13 3 (0.075%) InfoPath
14 2 (0.050%) Flinto
14 2 (0.050%) MS Project
14 2 (0.050%) Pixate
15 1 (0.025%) LaTeX
15 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 74 (1.84%) Magento
2 25 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.47%) Adobe Campaign
4 17 (0.42%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 6 (0.15%) Unica
6 4 (0.100%) SAP CRM
6 4 (0.100%) SAP hybris
6 4 (0.100%) WebTrends
7 3 (0.075%) nopCommerce
7 3 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.075%) SAP Business One
7 3 (0.075%) Shopify
8 2 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.050%) Radian6
9 1 (0.025%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.025%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.025%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.025%) RMDS
9 1 (0.025%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 257 (6.41%) Amazon AWS
2 138 (3.44%) Microsoft Azure
3 133 (3.32%) GitHub
4 48 (1.20%) SaaS
5 46 (1.15%) Google Analytics
6 42 (1.05%) PaaS
7 40 (1.00%) Office 365
8 39 (0.97%) Heroku
9 29 (0.72%) IaaS
10 23 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
10 23 (0.57%) CloudBees
10 23 (0.57%) OpenShift
11 18 (0.45%) Google Cloud Platform
12 12 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (0.22%) Adobe Analytics
14 7 (0.17%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 7 (0.17%) AWS Lambda
14 7 (0.17%) Google Play
14 7 (0.17%) Google Tag Manager
15 6 (0.15%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 149 (3.71%) HTTP
2 84 (2.09%) Internet
3 36 (0.90%) TCP/IP
4 30 (0.75%) Intranet
5 25 (0.62%) Network Security
6 20 (0.50%) SSL
7 18 (0.45%) HTTPS
8 15 (0.37%) DNS
9 8 (0.20%) LAN
9 8 (0.20%) WAN
10 7 (0.17%) Firewall
10 7 (0.17%) RTP
10 7 (0.17%) RTSP
11 6 (0.15%) SSH
12 5 (0.12%) LDAP
12 5 (0.12%) SMTP
13 4 (0.100%) Skype
13 4 (0.100%) SMS
13 4 (0.100%) SNMP
14 3 (0.075%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 355 (8.85%) MySQL
2 328 (8.18%) SQL Server
3 212 (5.28%) MongoDB
4 165 (4.11%) NoSQL
5 164 (4.09%) PostgreSQL
6 159 (3.96%) Relational Database
7 83 (2.07%) Big Data
8 70 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
9 50 (1.25%) Hadoop
10 43 (1.07%) RDBMS
11 38 (0.95%) HBase
12 36 (0.90%) SQL Server 2012
13 29 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
14 25 (0.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 23 (0.57%) Redis
16 21 (0.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 13 (0.32%) SQL Server 2014
18 12 (0.30%) Oracle Database
19 11 (0.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 11 (0.27%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 705 (17.57%) Git (software)
2 251 (6.26%) Grunt
3 246 (6.13%) Jasmine
4 229 (5.71%) gulp
5 228 (5.68%) Jenkins
6 222 (5.53%) JIRA
7 176 (4.39%) Cucumber
8 159 (3.96%) Maven
9 144 (3.59%) Selenium
9 144 (3.59%) webpack
10 139 (3.46%) Mocha
11 131 (3.27%) Subversion
12 104 (2.59%) Karma Test Runner
13 75 (1.87%) TeamCity
14 72 (1.79%) JUnit
15 69 (1.72%) Visual Studio
16 65 (1.62%) Bower
17 64 (1.60%) IntelliJ
18 59 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
19 57 (1.42%) Axure RP
General
1 633 (15.78%) Finance
2 371 (9.25%) Banking
3 221 (5.51%) Marketing
4 195 (4.86%) Retail
5 121 (3.02%) Investment Banking
6 93 (2.32%) Publishing
7 67 (1.67%) Telecoms
8 63 (1.57%) Games
9 60 (1.50%) Advertising
10 59 (1.47%) Front Office
11 39 (0.97%) Manufacturing
12 34 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
13 30 (0.75%) Legal
14 28 (0.70%) Financial Institution
15 21 (0.52%) Law
16 20 (0.50%) Back Office
17 18 (0.45%) Automotive
18 13 (0.32%) Electronics
19 11 (0.27%) Retail Banking
20 6 (0.15%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 3209 (79.99%) Developer
2 884 (22.03%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 777 (19.37%) JavaScript Developer
4 435 (10.84%) HTML Developer
5 377 (9.40%) Senior Developer
6 367 (9.15%) Java Developer
7 334 (8.33%) Angular Developer
8 316 (7.88%) HTML CSS Developer
9 279 (6.95%) Web Developer
10 268 (6.68%) Full Stack Developer
11 267 (6.66%) UI Developer
12 243 (6.06%) Designer
13 193 (4.81%) .NET Developer
14 151 (3.76%) C# Developer
15 150 (3.74%) PHP Developer
16 148 (3.69%) Architect
17 146 (3.64%) Node.js Developer
18 145 (3.61%) UX Designer
19 116 (2.89%) Drupal Developer
20 106 (2.64%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3817 (95.14%) HTML
2 1944 (48.45%) HTML5
3 1577 (39.31%) CSS3
4 1415 (35.27%) AngularJS
5 1081 (26.94%) jQuery
6 802 (19.99%) React
7 746 (18.59%) Node.js
8 664 (16.55%) Sass
9 552 (13.76%) REST
10 533 (13.29%) Web Services
11 524 (13.06%) .NET
12 467 (11.64%) XML
13 453 (11.29%) JSON
14 398 (9.92%) Ajax
15 377 (9.40%) RESTful
16 356 (8.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 324 (8.08%) Spring
18 322 (8.03%) LESS
19 306 (7.63%) ASP.NET
20 238 (5.93%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 650 (16.20%) User Experience
2 201 (5.01%) Mobile App
3 156 (3.89%) Analytical Skills
4 142 (3.54%) Computer Science
5 106 (2.64%) Visualisation
6 76 (1.89%) Fintech
7 60 (1.50%) W3C
8 49 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
9 46 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 46 (1.15%) Virtual Team
10 43 (1.07%) Social Media
11 36 (0.90%) Data Structures
12 34 (0.85%) Digital Media
13 32 (0.80%) Video on Demand
14 30 (0.75%) iPad
15 27 (0.67%) Graphic Design
15 27 (0.67%) Mathematics
16 26 (0.65%) Management Information System
17 25 (0.62%) Fixed Income
17 25 (0.62%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 289 (7.20%) Linux
2 157 (3.91%) Apple iOS
3 147 (3.66%) Windows
4 144 (3.59%) Android
5 117 (2.92%) Unix
6 36 (0.90%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.57%) CentOS
8 22 (0.55%) Ubuntu
9 16 (0.40%) Mac OS X
10 12 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 12 (0.30%) webOS
10 12 (0.30%) Windows Phone
10 12 (0.30%) Windows Phone 7
11 7 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.12%) Windows 8
13 4 (0.100%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.100%) Windows Mobile
14 2 (0.050%) Fedora
14 2 (0.050%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1783 (44.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1068 (26.62%) Front End Development
3 951 (23.70%) TDD
4 721 (17.97%) Web Development
5 634 (15.80%) MVC
6 616 (15.35%) Scrum
7 588 (14.66%) OO
8 496 (12.36%) BDD
9 387 (9.65%) E-Commerce
10 359 (8.95%) Responsive Web Design
11 305 (7.60%) Continuous Integration
12 234 (5.83%) Software Engineering
13 209 (5.21%) Open Source
14 189 (4.71%) Unit Testing
15 188 (4.69%) Microservices
16 186 (4.64%) Prototyping
17 173 (4.31%) Kanban
18 165 (4.11%) Analytics
18 165 (4.11%) OOP
19 162 (4.04%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 3225 (80.38%) JavaScript
2 924 (23.03%) Java
3 536 (13.36%) PHP
4 495 (12.34%) SQL
5 487 (12.14%) C#
6 244 (6.08%) Python
7 231 (5.76%) ES6
8 195 (4.86%) Ruby
9 132 (3.29%) Scala
10 71 (1.77%) TypeScript
11 59 (1.47%) T-SQL
12 45 (1.12%) PowerShell
12 45 (1.12%) Shell Script
12 45 (1.12%) XPath
13 43 (1.07%) Groovy
14 41 (1.02%) Perl
15 39 (0.97%) C
16 37 (0.92%) Apple Swift
16 37 (0.92%) C++
17 35 (0.87%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 235 (5.86%) Degree
2 167 (4.16%) Security Cleared
3 130 (3.24%) SC Cleared
4 28 (0.70%) DV Cleared
5 21 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.22%) BC Cleared
7 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (0.100%) ISEB
8 4 (0.100%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.100%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (0.100%) MBA
8 4 (0.100%) PhD
9 3 (0.075%) CCNP
9 3 (0.075%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.075%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.050%) CCIE
10 2 (0.050%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.050%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.050%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 1 (0.025%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (4.54%) QA
2 19 (0.47%) FATCA
3 17 (0.42%) WCAG
4 16 (0.40%) WAI
5 10 (0.25%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
6 8 (0.20%) Actionable Recommendations
7 3 (0.075%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.075%) SDET
8 2 (0.050%) GCP
8 2 (0.050%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.025%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.025%) EMIR
9 1 (0.025%) MiFID
System Software
1 155 (3.86%) Docker
2 30 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.15%) Varnish
5 3 (0.075%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.050%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.050%) vCloud
6 2 (0.050%) vSphere
7 1 (0.025%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.025%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.025%) KVM
Systems Management
1 43 (1.07%) Puppet
2 41 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
3 24 (0.60%) Ansible
4 18 (0.45%) Kubernetes
5 14 (0.35%) Terraform
6 7 (0.17%) Kibana
7 6 (0.15%) Capistrano
8 4 (0.100%) Nagios
9 3 (0.075%) Consul
9 3 (0.075%) Packer
9 3 (0.075%) SCCM
10 2 (0.050%) CA Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.050%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.050%) logstash
10 2 (0.050%) Pingdom
10 2 (0.050%) Piwik
10 2 (0.050%) vRealize
11 1 (0.025%) Control-M
11 1 (0.025%) Oracle Identity Management
11 1 (0.025%) Salt
Vendors
1 290 (7.23%) Adobe
2 187 (4.66%) Microsoft
3 170 (4.24%) Oracle
4 100 (2.49%) Google
5 87 (2.17%) ServiceNow
6 63 (1.57%) Zend
7 57 (1.42%) hybris
8 45 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
9 41 (1.02%) Sitecore
10 38 (0.95%) New Relic
11 35 (0.87%) SAP
12 32 (0.80%) Solace
13 29 (0.72%) Red Hat
14 28 (0.70%) MuleSoft
15 25 (0.62%) Atlassian
16 22 (0.55%) Xamarin
17 19 (0.47%) Apple
17 19 (0.47%) IBM
18 18 (0.45%) EPiServer
18 18 (0.45%) Twitter
London
Premier Media
Rate: £200.00 - £300 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400-£550 depending on experience.
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + DOE
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Ebury
Rate: £40.26 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
London
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £475 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400 - £500 / Day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Parallel Consulting
Rate: £500 per day + extensions likely
Posted: Yesterday
London
Experis Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Twickenham, Middlesex
Ebury
Rate: £230.00 - £260.00 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Stott & May
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £350 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Square One Resources
Rate: £360 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £450 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Anonymous
Rate: Competitive
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Data Idols
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £90 - £110 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
West London
Livedrive
Rate: Competitive + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £325 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday