The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 24 April 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
24 Apr 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 20 17 23
Rank change year-on-year
-3 +6
Contract jobs citing CSS 1671 1923 1432
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 7.50% 8.13% 6.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.79% 27.22% 22.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 1185 1435 1040
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£388 £375 £353
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% +6.30%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £275 £245
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £500 £500
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
- +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 2 11
Average hourly rate £22.18 £182.50 £40.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-87.84% +356.25%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.43 £176.50 £16.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.47 £188.50 £43.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+9.37% -8.57%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
6741 7064 6406
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 30.27% 29.88% 29.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 4792 5094 4662
Average daily rate £425 £400 £401
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% -0.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £305 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £575
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £338 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.70% +3.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 32 66
Average hourly rate £22.18 £43.00 £40.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-48.41% +7.50%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.00 £30.00 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £175.00 £54.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.25 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.57% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 24 April 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 24 April 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 24 April 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -4 359 £375 - 204
Twickenham - 7 £325 - 4
Uxbridge +1 5 £388 +10.71% 3
Canary Wharf -4 5 £355 +1.42%
Bromley +9 4 £425 +30.76% 2
Isleworth - 4 - - 2
Docklands, London -1 3 £237 -29.17%
Croydon -6 3 £355 +18.33% 1
Harrow +1 2 £325 -
Wimbledon +1 2 £306 +4.70%
Hammersmith -10 2 £383 +17.69% 1
Sidcup - 2 £310 -
Hackney - 2 £475 -
Paddington - 2 £388 - 1
Wembley 0 1 £175 -
Hounslow -4 1 £650 +27.45%
New Malden -5 1 £275 -
Kingston Upon Thames -6 1 £375 -6.25% 7
Hayes - 1 - -
Enfield - 1 - - 2
Osterley - 1 £530 -
Mayfair - 1 £625 -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 24 April 2015, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 3179 (95.24%) HTML
2 2810 (84.18%) JavaScript
3 1770 (53.03%) HTML5
4 1403 (42.03%) CSS3
5 1330 (39.84%) Agile Software Development
6 1311 (39.28%) jQuery
7 907 (27.17%) AngularJS
8 814 (24.39%) TDD
9 729 (21.84%) Java
10 707 (21.18%) MVC
11 693 (20.76%) .NET
12 634 (18.99%) OO
13 605 (18.12%) C#
14 528 (15.82%) User Experience
15 516 (15.46%) SQL
15 516 (15.46%) Web Services
16 500 (14.98%) PHP
17 485 (14.53%) Git (software)
18 477 (14.29%) Scrum
19 447 (13.39%) ASP.NET
20 445 (13.33%) Node.js
21 433 (12.97%) Backbone.js
22 431 (12.91%) Ajax
23 424 (12.70%) SQL Server
24 421 (12.61%) XML
25 392 (11.74%) Responsive Web Design
26 384 (11.50%) MySQL
27 383 (11.47%) Web Development
28 366 (10.96%) Sass
29 344 (10.31%) BDD

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

For the 6 months to 24 April 2015, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 445 (13.33%) Node.js
2 290 (8.69%) CMS
3 168 (5.03%) SharePoint
4 118 (3.54%) Drupal
5 112 (3.36%) Apache
6 93 (2.79%) Tomcat
7 87 (2.61%) SharePoint 2013
8 72 (2.16%) WordPress
9 70 (2.10%) IIS
10 62 (1.86%) Sitecore CMS
11 61 (1.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 55 (1.65%) Umbraco
13 48 (1.44%) SharePoint 2010
14 40 (1.20%) WebLogic
15 37 (1.11%) nginx
15 37 (1.11%) Elasticsearch
16 36 (1.08%) Confluence
17 34 (1.02%) WebSphere
17 34 (1.02%) JBoss
18 26 (0.78%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 202 (6.05%) Photoshop
2 91 (2.73%) MS Excel
3 81 (2.43%) Adobe Illustrator
4 48 (1.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 28 (0.84%) MS Office
6 20 (0.60%) MS Visio
7 18 (0.54%) InfoPath
7 18 (0.54%) InDesign
8 17 (0.51%) Fireworks
9 10 (0.30%) OmniGraffle
10 9 (0.27%) MS PowerPoint
11 8 (0.24%) Acrobat
11 8 (0.24%) MS Project
11 8 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
13 5 (0.15%) ImageReady
14 4 (0.12%) PowerPivot
15 3 (0.090%) Adobe Premiere
16 2 (0.060%) Final Cut Pro
16 2 (0.060%) Edge Animate
Business Applications
1 60 (1.80%) Magento
2 24 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.39%) WebTrends
4 9 (0.27%) Tridion
4 9 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.090%) Oracle CRM
6 3 (0.090%) Siebel Analytics
6 3 (0.090%) osCommerce
7 1 (0.030%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.030%) Radian6
7 1 (0.030%) BigMachines
7 1 (0.030%) RMDS
7 1 (0.030%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.030%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 104 (3.12%) Amazon AWS
2 62 (1.86%) GitHub
3 59 (1.77%) Microsoft Azure
4 33 (0.99%) Office 365
5 30 (0.90%) Heroku
6 27 (0.81%) SaaS
7 17 (0.51%) Google Analytics
8 14 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
9 13 (0.39%) Force.com
10 8 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
11 7 (0.21%) OpenShift
11 7 (0.21%) Adobe Analytics
12 6 (0.18%) PaaS
13 5 (0.15%) Google App Engine
14 4 (0.12%) Amazon S3
15 3 (0.090%) Cloud Computing
16 2 (0.060%) Yammer
16 2 (0.060%) Google Compute Engine
16 2 (0.060%) Google Apps
17 1 (0.030%) Rackspace Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 100 (3.00%) HTTP
2 91 (2.73%) Internet
3 44 (1.32%) Intranet
4 32 (0.96%) LDAP
5 28 (0.84%) VPN
6 25 (0.75%) SSL
7 12 (0.36%) Firewall
8 10 (0.30%) TCP/IP
9 9 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
10 8 (0.24%) DNS
11 7 (0.21%) HTTPS
12 6 (0.18%) SNMP
13 5 (0.15%) Extranet
14 3 (0.090%) RTSP
14 3 (0.090%) DVB
14 3 (0.090%) Cisco PIX
14 3 (0.090%) Network Security
14 3 (0.090%) Cisco ASA
15 2 (0.060%) DAB
15 2 (0.060%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 424 (12.70%) SQL Server
2 384 (11.50%) MySQL
3 140 (4.19%) MongoDB
4 117 (3.51%) Relational Database
5 109 (3.27%) SQL Server 2008
5 109 (3.27%) NoSQL
6 67 (2.01%) PostgreSQL
7 59 (1.77%) Redis
8 54 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
9 42 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
10 39 (1.17%) Oracle Database
11 37 (1.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 31 (0.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 28 (0.84%) SQL Server 2005
13 28 (0.84%) Big Data
14 26 (0.78%) Data Warehouse
15 25 (0.75%) Oracle Reports
16 23 (0.69%) QlikView
17 19 (0.57%) RDBMS
17 19 (0.57%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 485 (14.53%) Git (software)
2 258 (7.73%) Grunt
3 245 (7.34%) Subversion
4 158 (4.73%) Jasmine
5 151 (4.52%) Visual Studio
6 112 (3.36%) Jenkins
6 112 (3.36%) JIRA
7 102 (3.06%) Cucumber
8 101 (3.03%) Maven
9 99 (2.97%) Selenium
10 90 (2.70%) Bower
11 80 (2.40%) Team Foundation Server
12 77 (2.31%) Mocha
13 74 (2.22%) JUnit
14 63 (1.89%) Ant
15 57 (1.71%) Eclipse
15 57 (1.71%) Axure RP
16 43 (1.29%) WebDriver
17 42 (1.26%) NUnit
18 40 (1.20%) TeamCity
General
1 308 (9.23%) Finance
2 194 (5.81%) Banking
3 157 (4.70%) Marketing
4 122 (3.65%) Retail
5 92 (2.76%) Investment Banking
6 86 (2.58%) Games
7 85 (2.55%) Advertising
8 67 (2.01%) Publishing
9 32 (0.96%) Telecoms
10 23 (0.69%) Law
11 20 (0.60%) Financial Institution
11 20 (0.60%) Legal
12 18 (0.54%) Front Office
13 13 (0.39%) Multimedia
14 11 (0.33%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.27%) Back Office
16 8 (0.24%) iGaming
17 6 (0.18%) Music Industry
18 5 (0.15%) Automotive
19 3 (0.090%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2763 (82.77%) Developer
2 687 (20.58%) Front-End Developer
3 418 (12.52%) Web Developer
4 338 (10.13%) Senior Developer
5 314 (9.41%) JavaScript Developer
6 240 (7.19%) .NET Developer
7 214 (6.41%) Java Developer
8 208 (6.23%) Designer
9 197 (5.90%) UI Developer
10 178 (5.33%) UI Programmer
11 150 (4.49%) PHP Developer
12 149 (4.46%) C# Developer
13 99 (2.97%) Architect
14 96 (2.88%) C# .NET Developer
15 91 (2.73%) UX Designer
16 86 (2.58%) Front-End Web Developer
16 86 (2.58%) SharePoint Developer
17 85 (2.55%) Full Stack Developer
18 71 (2.13%) Drupal Developer
19 66 (1.98%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3179 (95.24%) HTML
2 1770 (53.03%) HTML5
3 1403 (42.03%) CSS3
4 1311 (39.28%) jQuery
5 907 (27.17%) AngularJS
6 693 (20.76%) .NET
7 516 (15.46%) Web Services
8 447 (13.39%) ASP.NET
9 433 (12.97%) Backbone.js
10 431 (12.91%) Ajax
11 421 (12.61%) XML
12 366 (10.96%) Sass
13 321 (9.62%) JSON
14 267 (8.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 263 (7.88%) REST
16 243 (7.28%) RESTful
17 221 (6.62%) Spring
18 215 (6.44%) ASP.NET MVC
19 213 (6.38%) LESS
20 179 (5.36%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 528 (15.82%) User Experience
2 156 (4.67%) Mobile App
3 112 (3.36%) Analytical Skills
4 107 (3.21%) Open Source
5 97 (2.91%) Computer Science
6 80 (2.40%) W3C
7 76 (2.28%) Visualisation
8 65 (1.95%) Social Media
8 65 (1.95%) Digital Media
9 44 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
10 41 (1.23%) RIA
11 40 (1.20%) Graphic Design
12 37 (1.11%) iPad
13 22 (0.66%) Human Factors
13 22 (0.66%) Data Structures
14 21 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 21 (0.63%) Management Information System
14 21 (0.63%) iPhone
15 20 (0.60%) CMDB
16 17 (0.51%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 208 (6.23%) Linux
2 141 (4.22%) Apple iOS
3 137 (4.10%) Android
4 126 (3.77%) Windows
5 108 (3.24%) UNIX
6 52 (1.56%) Mac OS X
7 17 (0.51%) CentOS
8 14 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.24%) Windows Phone
11 7 (0.21%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.18%) VMS
13 5 (0.15%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.12%) Windows Phone 7
14 4 (0.12%) AIX
15 3 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.090%) Windows Mobile
16 2 (0.060%) webOS
16 2 (0.060%) Windows Server 2003
16 2 (0.060%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1330 (39.84%) Agile Software Development
2 814 (24.39%) TDD
3 707 (21.18%) MVC
4 634 (18.99%) OO
5 477 (14.29%) Scrum
6 392 (11.74%) Responsive Web Design
7 383 (11.47%) Web Development
8 344 (10.31%) BDD
9 300 (8.99%) E-Commerce
10 235 (7.04%) Continuous Integration
11 151 (4.52%) Web Design
12 148 (4.43%) Software Engineering
13 136 (4.07%) Unit Testing
14 135 (4.04%) OOP
15 130 (3.89%) Content Management
16 118 (3.54%) SOA
17 111 (3.33%) Kanban
18 91 (2.73%) Analytics
19 90 (2.70%) Project Management
20 81 (2.43%) Mobile Development
Programming Languages
1 2810 (84.18%) JavaScript
2 729 (21.84%) Java
3 605 (18.12%) C#
4 516 (15.46%) SQL
5 500 (14.98%) PHP
6 261 (7.82%) Ruby
7 163 (4.88%) Python
8 82 (2.46%) T-SQL
9 78 (2.34%) Scala
10 64 (1.92%) C
11 55 (1.65%) VB.NET
12 51 (1.53%) PL/SQL
13 50 (1.50%) PHP5
14 45 (1.35%) Bash Shell
15 44 (1.32%) C++
16 40 (1.20%) VB
17 39 (1.17%) VBA
18 37 (1.11%) Perl
19 36 (1.08%) Shell Script
19 36 (1.08%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 230 (6.89%) Degree
2 79 (2.37%) Security Cleared
3 39 (1.17%) SC Cleared
4 16 (0.48%) DV Cleared
5 14 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
6 10 (0.30%) Sun Certification
7 5 (0.15%) HND
7 5 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
8 4 (0.12%) ISEB
8 4 (0.12%) OCPJP
9 3 (0.090%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.090%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.060%) CIPD
10 2 (0.060%) CISSP
10 2 (0.060%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.030%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.030%) CCSA
11 1 (0.030%) MBA
11 1 (0.030%) CCSE
11 1 (0.030%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (3.57%) QA
2 9 (0.27%) WAI
3 6 (0.18%) SLA
4 5 (0.15%) WCAG
5 4 (0.12%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.030%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.030%) GxP
6 1 (0.030%) HL7
System Software
1 21 (0.63%) Varnish
2 15 (0.45%) Docker
3 12 (0.36%) Active Directory
4 9 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.15%) Firmware
6 4 (0.12%) vCloud
7 2 (0.060%) XenApp
7 2 (0.060%) XenDesktop
7 2 (0.060%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.030%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 59 (1.77%) Puppet
2 33 (0.99%) Ansible
3 27 (0.81%) Vagrant
4 18 (0.54%) HP UCMDB
5 16 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.30%) Capistrano
7 8 (0.24%) Salt
8 5 (0.15%) Graylog
8 5 (0.15%) Zenoss
9 4 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.12%) TeamSite
9 4 (0.12%) Kibana
9 4 (0.12%) logstash
10 2 (0.060%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.060%) cPanel
11 1 (0.030%) Oozie
11 1 (0.030%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.030%) Control-M
Vendors
1 227 (6.80%) Microsoft
2 199 (5.96%) Oracle
3 179 (5.36%) Adobe
4 88 (2.64%) Sitecore
5 78 (2.34%) Google
6 75 (2.25%) Zend
7 52 (1.56%) EPiServer
8 40 (1.20%) ServiceNow
9 35 (1.05%) Twitter
10 29 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
11 22 (0.66%) IBM
12 20 (0.60%) Telerik
13 19 (0.57%) Facebook
14 17 (0.51%) Sybase
14 17 (0.51%) VMware
14 17 (0.51%) Sencha
15 15 (0.45%) Ektron
16 14 (0.42%) hybris
17 13 (0.39%) Red Hat
17 13 (0.39%) Apple
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