The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 7 December 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
7 Dec 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 12 12 16
Rank change year-on-year
0 +4
Contract jobs citing CSS 2098 2165 1899
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 9.73% 9.55% 8.06%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.78% 29.03% 26.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 1606 1752 1491
Median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.25% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £540 £537
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 13 11
Median hourly rate £40.00 £24.23 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+65.08% +24.25%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.06 £19.68 £13.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.00 £47.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £27.50 £33.25
% change year-on-year
+18.18% -17.29%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7551 7457 7221
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 35.02% 32.90% 30.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 5708 5651 5502
Median daily rate £455 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+1.11% +5.88%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £340 £325 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £583 £580
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
+1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 41 35
Median hourly rate £45.00 £24.23 £37.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+85.72% -34.95%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £27.50 £20.50 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.00 £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.66% +7.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

The demand trend of contract jobs across the London region citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 7 December 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 7 December 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 7 December 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +10 312 £438 +6.06% 97
Bromley -3 12 £325 -
Croydon -16 11 £488 +8.33% 1
Canary Wharf +4 8 £438 -21.52%
Uxbridge +4 5 £380 +43.39% 1
Wimbledon - 5 £325 -
Docklands, London +2 3 £525 -
Hammersmith +5 2 £450 +34.32% 3
Hounslow -1 2 £50 -86.66% 1
Feltham -4 2 £396 +65.10%
Brentford - 2 £300 -
Twickenham - 2 £338 -
Finchley - 2 £425 -
Chiswick - 2 £425 - 1
Mayfair - 2 £550 -
Kingston Upon Thames +2 1 £375 -21.05% 5
Southwark -2 1 - -
Harrow -5 1 £275 +30.95%
Westminster -7 1 - -
Bexleyheath - 1 - -
Northwood - 1 - -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 7 December 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4225 (95.70%) HTML
2 3570 (80.86%) JavaScript
3 2195 (49.72%) HTML5
4 2011 (45.55%) Agile Software Development
5 1761 (39.89%) CSS3
6 1638 (37.10%) AngularJS
7 1296 (29.35%) Front End Development
8 1202 (27.23%) jQuery
9 1056 (23.92%) TDD
10 993 (22.49%) Java
11 895 (20.27%) React
12 844 (19.12%) Node.js
13 831 (18.82%) Web Development
14 798 (18.07%) Git (software)
15 727 (16.47%) User Experience
16 724 (16.40%) MVC
17 722 (16.35%) Sass
18 689 (15.61%) Finance
19 656 (14.86%) Scrum
20 644 (14.59%) OO
21 637 (14.43%) .NET
22 583 (13.20%) C#
22 583 (13.20%) REST
23 576 (13.05%) Web Services
24 558 (12.64%) PHP
25 544 (12.32%) BDD
26 541 (12.25%) SQL
27 499 (11.30%) XML
28 468 (10.60%) JSON
29 448 (10.15%) Ajax

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 333 (7.54%) CMS
2 184 (4.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 172 (3.90%) Drupal
4 128 (2.90%) Apache
5 117 (2.65%) Confluence
6 115 (2.60%) WordPress
7 109 (2.47%) SharePoint
8 78 (1.77%) Tomcat
9 64 (1.45%) JBoss
10 53 (1.20%) SharePoint 2013
11 52 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
12 46 (1.04%) WebSphere
13 44 (1.00%) IIS
14 43 (0.97%) Apache Solr
15 41 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
15 41 (0.93%) Umbraco
16 36 (0.82%) SharePoint 2010
17 30 (0.68%) Sitecore CMS
18 25 (0.57%) nginx
19 18 (0.41%) WebLogic
Applications
1 195 (4.42%) Photoshop
2 94 (2.13%) Adobe Illustrator
3 77 (1.74%) MS Excel
4 57 (1.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 36 (0.82%) OmniGraffle
6 24 (0.54%) MS Office
7 20 (0.45%) MS Visio
8 19 (0.43%) InVision
9 14 (0.32%) InDesign
10 13 (0.29%) Fireworks
11 9 (0.20%) InfoPath
12 7 (0.16%) MS PowerPoint
13 5 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
14 4 (0.091%) Adobe After Effects
14 4 (0.091%) UXPin
15 3 (0.068%) Camtasia
15 3 (0.068%) GIMP
16 2 (0.045%) Acrobat
16 2 (0.045%) Flinto
16 2 (0.045%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 86 (1.95%) Magento
2 26 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.45%) Adobe Campaign
4 14 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 7 (0.16%) WebTrends
6 6 (0.14%) Unica
7 5 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.068%) nopCommerce
8 3 (0.068%) Shopify
9 2 (0.045%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.045%) Radian6
9 2 (0.045%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.023%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.023%) Endur
10 1 (0.023%) OpenCart
10 1 (0.023%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.023%) RMDS
10 1 (0.023%) SAP CRM
10 1 (0.023%) SDL Web 8
10 1 (0.023%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 272 (6.16%) Amazon AWS
2 164 (3.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 126 (2.85%) GitHub
4 56 (1.27%) SaaS
5 49 (1.11%) Office 365
6 46 (1.04%) Google Analytics
6 46 (1.04%) PaaS
7 35 (0.79%) Heroku
8 29 (0.66%) IaaS
9 25 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
10 23 (0.52%) Google Cloud Platform
11 22 (0.50%) CloudBees
11 22 (0.50%) OpenShift
12 14 (0.32%) Amazon EC2
13 13 (0.29%) Adobe Analytics
14 9 (0.20%) Google Play
15 8 (0.18%) Amazon S3
15 8 (0.18%) CloudFront
16 7 (0.16%) Google App Engine
16 7 (0.16%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 165 (3.74%) HTTP
2 103 (2.33%) Internet
3 29 (0.66%) Intranet
4 24 (0.54%) Network Security
5 20 (0.45%) HTTPS
6 18 (0.41%) TCP/IP
7 14 (0.32%) LDAP
7 14 (0.32%) SSL
8 11 (0.25%) DNS
8 11 (0.25%) Firewall
9 10 (0.23%) LAN
9 10 (0.23%) SNMP
9 10 (0.23%) WAN
10 6 (0.14%) Skype
10 6 (0.14%) SMTP
11 4 (0.091%) DMZ
11 4 (0.091%) FTP
11 4 (0.091%) Kerberos
11 4 (0.091%) VPN
12 3 (0.068%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 415 (9.40%) MySQL
2 379 (8.58%) SQL Server
3 254 (5.75%) MongoDB
4 199 (4.51%) NoSQL
5 187 (4.24%) Relational Database
6 170 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
7 82 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
8 73 (1.65%) Big Data
9 54 (1.22%) RDBMS
10 39 (0.88%) Hadoop
11 30 (0.68%) SQL Server 2012
12 29 (0.66%) HBase
12 29 (0.66%) SQL Server 2008
13 26 (0.59%) DB2
14 22 (0.50%) Redis
14 22 (0.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 17 (0.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 17 (0.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 14 (0.32%) Oracle Database
16 14 (0.32%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 798 (18.07%) Git (software)
2 312 (7.07%) Grunt
3 289 (6.55%) gulp
4 248 (5.62%) Jasmine
5 247 (5.59%) Jenkins
6 241 (5.46%) JIRA
7 191 (4.33%) Maven
8 177 (4.01%) Cucumber
9 176 (3.99%) Subversion
10 146 (3.31%) Mocha
10 146 (3.31%) webpack
11 142 (3.22%) Selenium
12 121 (2.74%) Karma Test Runner
13 102 (2.31%) JUnit
14 92 (2.08%) Visual Studio
15 84 (1.90%) Bower
16 82 (1.86%) TeamCity
17 72 (1.63%) Team Foundation Server
18 71 (1.61%) Eclipse
19 67 (1.52%) IntelliJ
General
1 689 (15.61%) Finance
2 414 (9.38%) Banking
3 239 (5.41%) Marketing
4 223 (5.05%) Retail
5 125 (2.83%) Investment Banking
6 120 (2.72%) Publishing
7 82 (1.86%) Games
8 70 (1.59%) Advertising
9 68 (1.54%) Telecoms
10 47 (1.06%) Front Office
11 39 (0.88%) Financial Institution
12 35 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
13 34 (0.77%) Manufacturing
14 26 (0.59%) Legal
15 21 (0.48%) Automotive
16 17 (0.39%) Back Office
17 11 (0.25%) Electronics
18 10 (0.23%) Retail Banking
19 9 (0.20%) Law
20 7 (0.16%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 3504 (79.37%) Developer
2 1051 (23.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 859 (19.46%) JavaScript Developer
4 484 (10.96%) HTML Developer
5 432 (9.78%) Senior Developer
6 384 (8.70%) Java Developer
7 365 (8.27%) Angular Developer
8 350 (7.93%) HTML CSS Developer
9 326 (7.38%) Web Developer
10 307 (6.95%) UI Developer
11 270 (6.12%) Full Stack Developer
12 267 (6.05%) Designer
13 225 (5.10%) .NET Developer
14 175 (3.96%) Architect
15 174 (3.94%) PHP Developer
16 171 (3.87%) C# Developer
17 156 (3.53%) UX Designer
18 132 (2.99%) Node.js Developer
19 127 (2.88%) Agile Developer
20 120 (2.72%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4225 (95.70%) HTML
2 2195 (49.72%) HTML5
3 1761 (39.89%) CSS3
4 1638 (37.10%) AngularJS
5 1202 (27.23%) jQuery
6 895 (20.27%) React
7 844 (19.12%) Node.js
8 722 (16.35%) Sass
9 637 (14.43%) .NET
10 583 (13.20%) REST
11 576 (13.05%) Web Services
12 499 (11.30%) XML
13 468 (10.60%) JSON
14 448 (10.15%) Ajax
15 407 (9.22%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 401 (9.08%) RESTful
17 381 (8.63%) ASP.NET
18 357 (8.09%) LESS
19 354 (8.02%) Spring
20 258 (5.84%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 727 (16.47%) User Experience
2 198 (4.48%) Mobile App
3 186 (4.21%) Analytical Skills
4 164 (3.71%) Computer Science
5 103 (2.33%) Visualisation
6 73 (1.65%) Fintech
7 65 (1.47%) W3C
8 51 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 46 (1.04%) Digital Media
9 46 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
10 44 (1.00%) Social Media
11 39 (0.88%) Virtual Team
12 37 (0.84%) Data Structures
13 32 (0.72%) Video on Demand
14 31 (0.70%) Fixed Income
15 29 (0.66%) NHS
16 27 (0.61%) iPad
17 26 (0.59%) Derivative
17 26 (0.59%) Management Information System
18 25 (0.57%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 305 (6.91%) Linux
2 165 (3.74%) Windows
3 163 (3.69%) Apple iOS
4 161 (3.65%) Android
5 134 (3.04%) Unix
6 32 (0.72%) Windows Server
7 18 (0.41%) Mac OS X
8 17 (0.39%) Windows Phone
9 16 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (0.36%) webOS
9 16 (0.36%) Windows Phone 7
10 12 (0.27%) Windows 8
10 12 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.20%) Windows 10
12 7 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.16%) Solaris
13 5 (0.11%) CentOS
13 5 (0.11%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.091%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2011 (45.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1296 (29.35%) Front End Development
3 1056 (23.92%) TDD
4 831 (18.82%) Web Development
5 724 (16.40%) MVC
6 656 (14.86%) Scrum
7 644 (14.59%) OO
8 544 (12.32%) BDD
9 430 (9.74%) Responsive Web Design
10 413 (9.35%) E-Commerce
11 349 (7.90%) Continuous Integration
12 259 (5.87%) Software Engineering
13 245 (5.55%) Open Source
14 212 (4.80%) Unit Testing
15 200 (4.53%) Microservices
16 199 (4.51%) SDLC
17 196 (4.44%) Prototyping
18 184 (4.17%) Wireframes
19 181 (4.10%) Analytics
20 175 (3.96%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 3570 (80.86%) JavaScript
2 993 (22.49%) Java
3 583 (13.20%) C#
4 558 (12.64%) PHP
5 541 (12.25%) SQL
6 260 (5.89%) ES6
7 255 (5.78%) Python
8 244 (5.53%) Ruby
9 166 (3.76%) Scala
10 101 (2.29%) TypeScript
11 68 (1.54%) T-SQL
12 57 (1.29%) Perl
13 48 (1.09%) Shell Script
14 46 (1.04%) XPath
15 41 (0.93%) Groovy
16 39 (0.88%) Objective-C
17 38 (0.86%) C++
17 38 (0.86%) VB.NET
18 33 (0.75%) Apple Swift
19 31 (0.70%) C
Qualifications
1 255 (5.78%) Degree
2 172 (3.90%) Security Cleared
3 124 (2.81%) SC Cleared
4 35 (0.79%) DV Cleared
5 19 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.14%) BC Cleared
6 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (0.14%) PhD
7 5 (0.11%) CCNP
7 5 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (0.11%) PMI Certification
7 5 (0.11%) PMP
8 3 (0.068%) CCDP
8 3 (0.068%) CCNA
9 2 (0.045%) CCIE
9 2 (0.045%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.045%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.045%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 1 (0.023%) CCVP
10 1 (0.023%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 178 (4.03%) QA
2 28 (0.63%) WAI
3 19 (0.43%) FATCA
3 19 (0.43%) WCAG
4 16 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
7 5 (0.11%) SDET
8 3 (0.068%) GCP
9 1 (0.023%) COBIT
9 1 (0.023%) MiFID
9 1 (0.023%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.023%) SLA
System Software
1 170 (3.85%) Docker
2 36 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.18%) Varnish
6 7 (0.16%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.14%) KVM
8 2 (0.045%) vCloud
8 2 (0.045%) vSphere
9 1 (0.023%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.023%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.023%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.023%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 60 (1.36%) Puppet
2 59 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
3 38 (0.86%) Ansible
4 17 (0.39%) Terraform
5 10 (0.23%) Kubernetes
6 6 (0.14%) Oracle Identity Management
7 5 (0.11%) Capistrano
8 4 (0.091%) Kibana
8 4 (0.091%) Nagios
9 3 (0.068%) Consul
9 3 (0.068%) Packer
10 2 (0.045%) CA Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.045%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.045%) logstash
10 2 (0.045%) Pingdom
10 2 (0.045%) SCCM
10 2 (0.045%) vRealize
11 1 (0.023%) Control-M
11 1 (0.023%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.023%) yum
Vendors
1 345 (7.81%) Adobe
2 211 (4.78%) Microsoft
3 192 (4.35%) Oracle
4 110 (2.49%) Google
5 91 (2.06%) ServiceNow
6 70 (1.59%) Zend
7 49 (1.11%) hybris
8 47 (1.06%) Sitecore
9 46 (1.04%) Atlassian
10 42 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
11 40 (0.91%) New Relic
12 34 (0.77%) IBM
13 33 (0.75%) Solace
14 32 (0.72%) Apple
15 30 (0.68%) MuleSoft
16 27 (0.61%) SAP
17 23 (0.52%) Twitter
18 21 (0.48%) EPiServer
19 20 (0.45%) Xamarin
20 17 (0.39%) Red Hat
London
Venturi
Rate: £300.00 - £375.00 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £450 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Central London / West End
X4 Group
Rate: £350 - 500 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
South East London
Avion Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
North West London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £450.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Eligo Recruitment Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
ConSol Partners
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Data Idols
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venn Group
Rate: £250 - £300 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £601 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Premier Media
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday