The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised for the London region. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 4 August 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
4 Aug 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 17 15 20
Rank change year-on-year
-2 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 1912 1998 1914
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 8.16% 8.51% 7.88%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.23% 27.54% 24.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 1440 1457 1380
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£400 £400 £363
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +10.34%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £275 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £500
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £320 £300
% change year-on-year
+1.56% +6.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 15 12
Average hourly rate £22.12 £40.00 £41.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-44.71% -3.61%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.80 £17.50 £12.65
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £56.65 £51.80 £46.65
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+1.44% +4.54%
CSS
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised in the London region.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
London
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
7290 7254 7705
As % of all contract IT jobs located in London 31.10% 30.91% 31.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 5309 5138 5528
Average daily rate £430 £420 £400
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.38% +5.00%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 45 70
Average hourly rate £36.50 £45.00 £40.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-18.88% +12.50%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.51 £17.50 £19.90
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £62.50 £53.00 £57.65
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.50 £34.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+16.17% -2.85%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend in London

This chart provides a 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in London

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 4 August 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS across the London region.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in London

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS across the London region over the 3 months to 4 August 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 4 August 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -6 360 £400 +1.26% 152
Croydon +2 23 £400 +33.33% 2
Hammersmith +1 8 £345 +97.14% 2
Bromley -4 7 £425 +30.76% 2
Canary Wharf -5 7 £513 +2.50%
Uxbridge +5 5 £388 +158.33% 2
Romford - 5 £240 -
Harrow +2 3 £205 -20.38%
Twickenham 0 3 £375 +80.72%
New Malden - 2 £288 -
Sidcup - 2 £400 -
Hounslow -1 1 £365 -27.00%
Docklands, London -3 1 - -
Kingston Upon Thames -11 1 £425 +13.33% 3
West Drayton - 1 £413 -
Ealing - 1 - -
Osterley - 1 £460 -
Southwark - 1 £325 -
Wimbledon - 1 £275 -
Mayfair - 1 £625 -
Ilford - 1 £450 -
Isleworth - 1 £325 -
Enfield - 1 - -
Hayes - 1 £285 -
CSS
England

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 4 August 2015, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 3460 (95.50%) HTML
2 3006 (82.97%) JavaScript
3 1883 (51.97%) HTML5
4 1523 (42.04%) Agile Software Development
5 1457 (40.22%) CSS3
6 1398 (38.59%) jQuery
7 1037 (28.62%) AngularJS
8 913 (25.20%) TDD
9 759 (20.95%) MVC
10 749 (20.67%) Java
11 707 (19.51%) .NET
12 646 (17.83%) OO
13 602 (16.62%) Scrum
14 596 (16.45%) Git (software)
15 590 (16.28%) C#
16 547 (15.10%) User Experience
17 497 (13.72%) SQL
18 492 (13.58%) Web Services
19 491 (13.55%) PHP
20 471 (13.00%) ASP.NET
21 470 (12.97%) Responsive Web Design
22 454 (12.53%) SQL Server
23 452 (12.48%) Node.js
24 447 (12.34%) Backbone.js
25 443 (12.23%) Web Development
26 439 (12.12%) Ajax
27 428 (11.81%) E-Commerce
28 417 (11.51%) MySQL
28 417 (11.51%) Sass
29 384 (10.60%) XML

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

For the 6 months to 4 August 2015, IT contractor jobs across the London region citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 452 (12.48%) Node.js
2 290 (8.00%) CMS
3 137 (3.78%) SharePoint
4 132 (3.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 122 (3.37%) Apache
6 115 (3.17%) Drupal
7 99 (2.73%) Tomcat
8 87 (2.40%) WordPress
9 75 (2.07%) SharePoint 2013
10 69 (1.90%) IIS
11 66 (1.82%) Umbraco
12 64 (1.77%) Confluence
13 50 (1.38%) Sitecore CMS
14 43 (1.19%) JBoss
14 43 (1.19%) WebLogic
15 40 (1.10%) WebSphere
16 39 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
17 37 (1.02%) SharePoint 2010
18 27 (0.75%) nginx
19 24 (0.66%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 224 (6.18%) Photoshop
2 96 (2.65%) MS Excel
3 94 (2.59%) Adobe Illustrator
4 52 (1.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 32 (0.88%) MS Visio
6 20 (0.55%) MS Office
6 20 (0.55%) MS PowerPoint
7 19 (0.52%) InfoPath
8 18 (0.50%) InDesign
9 14 (0.39%) OmniGraffle
10 13 (0.36%) Fireworks
11 7 (0.19%) Acrobat
12 6 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
13 5 (0.14%) MS Project
14 3 (0.083%) PowerPivot
15 2 (0.055%) Edge Animate
15 2 (0.055%) ImageReady
16 1 (0.028%) Adobe Premiere
16 1 (0.028%) Weka
16 1 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 60 (1.66%) Magento
2 18 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.44%) WebTrends
4 9 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
5 6 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
5 6 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
6 3 (0.083%) Tridion
7 2 (0.055%) BigMachines
7 2 (0.055%) Summit
8 1 (0.028%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 1 (0.028%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.028%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.028%) osCommerce
8 1 (0.028%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 89 (2.46%) Amazon AWS
2 72 (1.99%) GitHub
3 56 (1.55%) Microsoft Azure
4 45 (1.24%) Google Analytics
5 38 (1.05%) SaaS
6 29 (0.80%) Office 365
7 22 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
8 19 (0.52%) Heroku
8 19 (0.52%) Adobe Analytics
9 10 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
10 9 (0.25%) Amazon S3
10 9 (0.25%) Google App Engine
11 8 (0.22%) OpenShift
12 7 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
13 6 (0.17%) Force.com
13 6 (0.17%) PaaS
14 5 (0.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 2 (0.055%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 2 (0.055%) Google Compute Engine
15 2 (0.055%) Google Apps
Communications & Networking
1 138 (3.81%) HTTP
2 103 (2.84%) Internet
3 45 (1.24%) Intranet
4 20 (0.55%) LDAP
5 19 (0.52%) SSL
6 15 (0.41%) HTTPS
6 15 (0.41%) VPN
7 12 (0.33%) DNS
7 12 (0.33%) TCP/IP
8 10 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
9 7 (0.19%) OpenLDAP
10 6 (0.17%) AMQP
10 6 (0.17%) SSH
10 6 (0.17%) SNMP
11 5 (0.14%) DAB
11 5 (0.14%) Firewall
11 5 (0.14%) NetScaler
12 4 (0.11%) SMTP
12 4 (0.11%) Extranet
13 3 (0.083%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 454 (12.53%) SQL Server
2 417 (11.51%) MySQL
3 191 (5.27%) MongoDB
4 132 (3.64%) Relational Database
5 104 (2.87%) NoSQL
6 86 (2.37%) SQL Server 2008
7 74 (2.04%) PostgreSQL
8 57 (1.57%) SQL Server 2012
9 55 (1.52%) Redis
10 40 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
11 37 (1.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 34 (0.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 31 (0.86%) Oracle Database
14 28 (0.77%) Big Data
15 26 (0.72%) RDBMS
16 21 (0.58%) QlikView
17 20 (0.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 20 (0.55%) SQL Server 2005
18 16 (0.44%) Oracle Database 11g
19 15 (0.41%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 596 (16.45%) Git (software)
2 310 (8.56%) Grunt
3 283 (7.81%) Subversion
4 190 (5.24%) Jasmine
5 142 (3.92%) Visual Studio
6 132 (3.64%) JIRA
7 122 (3.37%) Jenkins
8 119 (3.28%) Selenium
9 100 (2.76%) Maven
10 96 (2.65%) Bower
11 91 (2.51%) gulp
11 91 (2.51%) Team Foundation Server
12 81 (2.24%) Cucumber
13 79 (2.18%) Mocha
14 63 (1.74%) Eclipse
15 60 (1.66%) JUnit
15 60 (1.66%) NUnit
16 51 (1.41%) Axure RP
17 49 (1.35%) Karma Test Runner
18 40 (1.10%) Ant
General
1 348 (9.61%) Finance
2 189 (5.22%) Banking
3 181 (5.00%) Marketing
4 154 (4.25%) Retail
5 99 (2.73%) Publishing
6 79 (2.18%) Investment Banking
7 70 (1.93%) Games
8 66 (1.82%) Advertising
9 57 (1.57%) Telecoms
10 28 (0.77%) Legal
11 18 (0.50%) Law
11 18 (0.50%) Front Office
12 17 (0.47%) Multimedia
13 16 (0.44%) Automotive
14 12 (0.33%) Financial Institution
14 12 (0.33%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.17%) iGaming
15 6 (0.17%) Electronics
16 4 (0.11%) Back Office
17 3 (0.083%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2978 (82.20%) Developer
2 796 (21.97%) Front-End Developer
3 393 (10.85%) Web Developer
4 344 (9.49%) JavaScript Developer
5 333 (9.19%) Senior Developer
6 287 (7.92%) .NET Developer
7 206 (5.69%) Java Developer
8 201 (5.55%) UI Developer
9 189 (5.22%) Designer
10 185 (5.11%) UI Programmer
11 141 (3.89%) C# Developer
12 137 (3.78%) PHP Developer
13 130 (3.59%) Architect
14 108 (2.98%) Full Stack Developer
15 103 (2.84%) C# .NET Developer
16 82 (2.26%) Front-End Web Developer
17 81 (2.24%) Lead Developer
18 75 (2.07%) Drupal Developer
19 73 (2.01%) SharePoint Developer
20 66 (1.82%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3460 (95.50%) HTML
2 1883 (51.97%) HTML5
3 1457 (40.22%) CSS3
4 1398 (38.59%) jQuery
5 1037 (28.62%) AngularJS
6 707 (19.51%) .NET
7 492 (13.58%) Web Services
8 471 (13.00%) ASP.NET
9 447 (12.34%) Backbone.js
10 439 (12.12%) Ajax
11 417 (11.51%) Sass
12 384 (10.60%) XML
13 369 (10.18%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 328 (9.05%) JSON
15 264 (7.29%) RESTful
16 259 (7.15%) REST
17 251 (6.93%) ASP.NET MVC
18 225 (6.21%) KnockoutJS
19 219 (6.04%) LESS
20 196 (5.41%) XHTML
Miscellaneous
1 547 (15.10%) User Experience
2 178 (4.91%) Mobile App
3 109 (3.01%) W3C
4 106 (2.93%) Analytical Skills
5 77 (2.13%) Visualisation
6 75 (2.07%) Computer Science
7 62 (1.71%) Digital Media
8 60 (1.66%) Social Media
9 50 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
10 46 (1.27%) Graphic Design
11 36 (0.99%) RIA
12 31 (0.86%) iPad
13 26 (0.72%) Inversion of Control
14 24 (0.66%) Management Information System
15 23 (0.63%) Data Structures
16 20 (0.55%) iPhone
16 20 (0.55%) Animation
17 16 (0.44%) Client/Server
17 16 (0.44%) E-Learning
18 15 (0.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 238 (6.57%) Linux
2 144 (3.97%) Windows
3 135 (3.73%) Android
4 127 (3.51%) UNIX
5 118 (3.26%) Apple iOS
6 45 (1.24%) Mac OS X
7 26 (0.72%) CentOS
8 16 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
8 16 (0.44%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.19%) Windows Phone
12 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.083%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.055%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.055%) Windows Mobile
14 2 (0.055%) Windows Phone 7
15 1 (0.028%) Windows Phone 8
15 1 (0.028%) Windows XP
15 1 (0.028%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1523 (42.04%) Agile Software Development
2 913 (25.20%) TDD
3 759 (20.95%) MVC
4 646 (17.83%) OO
5 602 (16.62%) Scrum
6 470 (12.97%) Responsive Web Design
7 443 (12.23%) Web Development
8 428 (11.81%) E-Commerce
9 380 (10.49%) BDD
10 281 (7.76%) Continuous Integration
11 224 (6.18%) Unit Testing
12 190 (5.24%) Web Design
13 165 (4.55%) SOA
14 147 (4.06%) Software Engineering
15 142 (3.92%) Kanban
16 140 (3.86%) Content Management
17 138 (3.81%) OOP
18 126 (3.48%) Open Source
19 121 (3.34%) Mobile Development
20 102 (2.82%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3006 (82.97%) JavaScript
2 749 (20.67%) Java
3 590 (16.28%) C#
4 497 (13.72%) SQL
5 491 (13.55%) PHP
6 259 (7.15%) Ruby
7 148 (4.09%) Python
8 107 (2.95%) Scala
9 66 (1.82%) T-SQL
10 49 (1.35%) VB.NET
11 47 (1.30%) Objective-C
12 45 (1.24%) C
13 43 (1.19%) PowerShell
14 41 (1.13%) Clojure
15 38 (1.05%) VB
15 38 (1.05%) PHP5
16 37 (1.02%) C++
17 32 (0.88%) PL/SQL
18 28 (0.77%) Perl
19 25 (0.69%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 179 (4.94%) Degree
2 112 (3.09%) Security Cleared
3 59 (1.63%) SC Cleared
4 27 (0.75%) DV Cleared
5 12 (0.33%) Sun Certification
6 7 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.14%) HND
7 5 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (0.11%) OCPJP
8 4 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
9 3 (0.083%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.083%) ISEB
10 2 (0.055%) CISSP
10 2 (0.055%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 1 (0.028%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.028%) MCTS
11 1 (0.028%) PMP
11 1 (0.028%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.028%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 1 (0.028%) MCDBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (3.51%) QA
2 11 (0.30%) WAI
3 10 (0.28%) WCAG
3 10 (0.28%) SLA
4 3 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.055%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.055%) ISO 14001
5 2 (0.055%) HL7
5 2 (0.055%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 38 (1.05%) Varnish
2 22 (0.61%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.50%) Docker
4 8 (0.22%) vCloud
4 8 (0.22%) Squid
4 8 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.055%) Firmware
5 2 (0.055%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 59 (1.63%) Puppet
2 28 (0.77%) Vagrant
2 28 (0.77%) Ansible
3 22 (0.61%) Salt
4 20 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (0.39%) Rundeck
6 10 (0.28%) logstash
7 9 (0.25%) Kibana
7 9 (0.25%) HP UCMDB
8 8 (0.22%) ZABBIX
9 7 (0.19%) HAProxy
10 4 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.11%) Capistrano
11 2 (0.055%) Zenoss
11 2 (0.055%) TeamSite
12 1 (0.028%) SCOM
12 1 (0.028%) StatsD
12 1 (0.028%) Oozie
12 1 (0.028%) Graylog
Vendors
1 260 (7.18%) Adobe
2 213 (5.88%) Microsoft
3 168 (4.64%) Oracle
4 93 (2.57%) Google
5 80 (2.21%) Zend
6 79 (2.18%) Sitecore
7 49 (1.35%) Twitter
8 41 (1.13%) EPiServer
9 36 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
10 29 (0.80%) ServiceNow
11 27 (0.75%) Red Hat
12 24 (0.66%) IBM
13 21 (0.58%) Facebook
14 20 (0.55%) Atlassian
15 19 (0.52%) Splunk
15 19 (0.52%) hybris
16 16 (0.44%) Apple
16 16 (0.44%) New Relic
17 14 (0.39%) Ektron
18 13 (0.36%) VMware
London
Square One Resources
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £300.00 - £360.00 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
G2 Recruitment Solutions Ltd.
Rate: £65000
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £375 to £400 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Salt
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Mason Frank International
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Aquent
Rate: Up to £550 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 Per Day
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
South West London
Wallace HCL
Rate: Unspecified
Posted: 21 hours ago
Central London / West End
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £250 to £350 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
London
Personnel IT
Rate: £350 - £375 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
City, London
Red Sofa London
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday