The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England / South East
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 16 28 26
Rank change year-on-year +12 -2  
Contract jobs citing CSS 639 552 616
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 8.37% 6.27% 6.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.47% 23.45% 25.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 441 323 397
Median daily rate £375 £360 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.16% +10.76%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £293 £265 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £475 £425
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 17 8
Median hourly rate £43.00 £32.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.37% -28.88%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.93 £11.00 £16.30
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.50 £46.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.25 £29.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year +28.57% -15.00%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
South East
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 2097 2354 2390
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the South East 27.45% 26.72% 25.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 1340 1510 1514
Median daily rate £400 £400 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.34%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £470
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 55 29
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% +7.50%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £14.40 £12.50 £15.75
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.50 £55.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the South East citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hampshire +6 107 £350 +4.47% 91
Oxfordshire +14 105 £401 +6.80% 29
Surrey +15 100 £375 -4.45% 47
Berkshire +12 96 £375 - 42
West Sussex +3 78 £475 +12.42% 28
Buckinghamshire +1 71 £375 +11.11% 26
East Sussex +3 53 £325 -7.14% 27
Kent +3 24 £350 +13.82% 20
Middlesex +7 10 £401 +11.25% 1
Sussex - 7 £463 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1124 (92.21%) HTML
2 957 (78.51%) JavaScript
3 507 (41.59%) HTML5
4 505 (41.43%) Agile Software Development
5 467 (38.31%) AngularJS
6 441 (36.18%) jQuery
7 429 (35.19%) CSS3
8 355 (29.12%) Front End Development
9 334 (27.40%) C#
10 319 (26.17%) .NET
11 279 (22.89%) MVC
11 279 (22.89%) Web Development
12 267 (21.90%) Git (software)
13 224 (18.38%) SQL
14 213 (17.47%) Java
15 209 (17.15%) Ajax
16 197 (16.16%) SQL Server
17 190 (15.59%) User Experience
18 184 (15.09%) ASP.NET
19 161 (13.21%) TDD
20 159 (13.04%) CMS
20 159 (13.04%) Sass
21 153 (12.55%) Scrum
22 152 (12.47%) Web Services
23 150 (12.31%) React
24 149 (12.22%) XML
25 147 (12.06%) JSON
26 142 (11.65%) REST
27 140 (11.48%) Node.js
28 137 (11.24%) PHP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (13.04%) CMS
2 61 (5.00%) Apache
3 41 (3.36%) EPiServer
4 39 (3.20%) SharePoint
5 29 (2.38%) Confluence
5 29 (2.38%) Drupal
5 29 (2.38%) JBoss
6 27 (2.21%) SharePoint 2013
7 26 (2.13%) Sitecore CMS
8 25 (2.05%) IIS
9 24 (1.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 24 (1.97%) WebLogic
9 24 (1.97%) WordPress
10 23 (1.89%) Umbraco
11 18 (1.48%) Tomcat
11 18 (1.48%) WebSphere
12 14 (1.15%) NServiceBus
13 11 (0.90%) nginx
13 11 (0.90%) SharePoint 2010
14 9 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 61 (5.00%) Photoshop
2 14 (1.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 12 (0.98%) Adobe Illustrator
4 7 (0.57%) InVision
5 6 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.25%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.082%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.082%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 17 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
1 17 (1.39%) Magento
2 3 (0.25%) Eloqua
2 3 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.16%) Pega PRPC
3 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.082%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.082%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 37 (3.04%) Amazon AWS
2 30 (2.46%) GitHub
3 29 (2.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 29 (2.38%) SaaS
4 16 (1.31%) Google Analytics
5 15 (1.23%) Office 365
6 5 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
6 5 (0.41%) OpenShift
7 4 (0.33%) Adobe Analytics
7 4 (0.33%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (0.25%) Bluemix
8 3 (0.25%) IBM Cloud
8 3 (0.25%) Oracle Service Cloud
9 2 (0.16%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (0.16%) Dynamics 365
9 2 (0.16%) Google Checkout
9 2 (0.16%) IaaS
9 2 (0.16%) Oracle CX
9 2 (0.16%) PaaS
9 2 (0.16%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 47 (3.86%) HTTP
2 17 (1.39%) Internet
3 8 (0.66%) SSL
4 7 (0.57%) Intranet
4 7 (0.57%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.49%) LDAP
6 3 (0.25%) Tactical Data Link
7 2 (0.16%) DNS
8 1 (0.082%) Extranet
8 1 (0.082%) Firewall
8 1 (0.082%) IMAP
8 1 (0.082%) SMS
8 1 (0.082%) SMTP
8 1 (0.082%) SNMP
8 1 (0.082%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (16.16%) SQL Server
2 98 (8.04%) MySQL
3 82 (6.73%) MongoDB
4 73 (5.99%) NoSQL
5 70 (5.74%) Relational Database
6 38 (3.12%) Oracle Database
7 26 (2.13%) SQL Server 2008
8 20 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
9 18 (1.48%) SQL Server 2005
10 17 (1.39%) Redis
11 13 (1.07%) Big Data
11 13 (1.07%) PostgreSQL
12 8 (0.66%) Hadoop
12 8 (0.66%) RDBMS
13 7 (0.57%) Azure SQL Database
14 6 (0.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 6 (0.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 5 (0.41%) Oracle Database 11g
16 4 (0.33%) Oracle Database 10g
16 4 (0.33%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 267 (21.90%) Git (software)
2 101 (8.29%) Subversion
3 85 (6.97%) Jenkins
4 57 (4.68%) Visual Studio
5 55 (4.51%) IntelliJ
6 49 (4.02%) Grunt
7 48 (3.94%) Team Foundation Server
8 46 (3.77%) JIRA
9 43 (3.53%) JUnit
10 35 (2.87%) Eclipse
11 33 (2.71%) Maven
11 33 (2.71%) Selenium
12 28 (2.30%) gulp
13 22 (1.80%) Axure RP
14 20 (1.64%) webpack
15 19 (1.56%) Jasmine
16 18 (1.48%) Cucumber
17 17 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
18 16 (1.31%) Bitbucket
18 16 (1.31%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 136 (11.16%) Finance
2 42 (3.45%) Banking
3 30 (2.46%) Marketing
4 26 (2.13%) Advertising
5 17 (1.39%) Retail
6 12 (0.98%) Publishing
7 11 (0.90%) Back Office
8 10 (0.82%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.33%) Military
10 3 (0.25%) Law
11 2 (0.16%) Automotive
11 2 (0.16%) Electronics
11 2 (0.16%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.16%) Games
11 2 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.16%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.082%) German Language
12 1 (0.082%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.082%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.082%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 1052 (86.30%) Developer
2 336 (27.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 214 (17.56%) JavaScript Developer
4 201 (16.49%) .NET Developer
5 136 (11.16%) HTML Developer
6 134 (10.99%) C# Developer
7 129 (10.58%) Web Developer
8 123 (10.09%) C# .NET Developer
9 120 (9.84%) HTML CSS Developer
10 107 (8.78%) Angular Developer
11 90 (7.38%) Java Developer
12 76 (6.23%) Designer
12 76 (6.23%) PHP Developer
13 71 (5.82%) Scala Developer
14 69 (5.66%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
15 67 (5.50%) Senior Developer
16 65 (5.33%) ASP.NET Developer
17 55 (4.51%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 52 (4.27%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 50 (4.10%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1124 (92.21%) HTML
2 507 (41.59%) HTML5
3 467 (38.31%) AngularJS
4 441 (36.18%) jQuery
5 429 (35.19%) CSS3
6 319 (26.17%) .NET
7 209 (17.15%) Ajax
8 184 (15.09%) ASP.NET
9 159 (13.04%) Sass
10 152 (12.47%) Web Services
11 150 (12.31%) React
12 149 (12.22%) XML
13 147 (12.06%) JSON
14 142 (11.65%) REST
15 140 (11.48%) Node.js
16 110 (9.02%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 98 (8.04%) ASP.NET Web API
18 97 (7.96%) .NET Framework
19 89 (7.30%) Spring
20 86 (7.05%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 190 (15.59%) User Experience
2 49 (4.02%) Mobile App
3 35 (2.87%) Greenfield Project
4 31 (2.54%) Analytical Skills
5 23 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
6 17 (1.39%) Computer Science
7 15 (1.23%) W3C
8 8 (0.66%) Graphic Design
9 7 (0.57%) Management Information System
9 7 (0.57%) N-Tier
10 6 (0.49%) Algorithms
11 5 (0.41%) Fintech
11 5 (0.41%) Online Banking
12 4 (0.33%) Animation
12 4 (0.33%) Minimum Viable Product
12 4 (0.33%) NHS
12 4 (0.33%) Social Media
13 3 (0.25%) CMDB
13 3 (0.25%) Linux Command Line
13 3 (0.25%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 132 (10.83%) Linux
2 72 (5.91%) Windows
3 62 (5.09%) Unix
4 19 (1.56%) Android
4 19 (1.56%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.15%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.90%) Ubuntu
7 10 (0.82%) Mac OS X
7 10 (0.82%) Windows Server 2008
8 8 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (0.49%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (0.33%) SUSE
11 3 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.16%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (41.43%) Agile Software Development
2 355 (29.12%) Front End Development
3 279 (22.89%) MVC
3 279 (22.89%) Web Development
4 161 (13.21%) TDD
5 153 (12.55%) Scrum
6 107 (8.78%) OO
7 106 (8.70%) Continuous Integration
8 97 (7.96%) Open Source
9 86 (7.05%) Web Design
10 85 (6.97%) Responsive Web Design
11 84 (6.89%) Test Automation
12 82 (6.73%) Unit Testing
13 78 (6.40%) Wireframes
14 62 (5.09%) E-Commerce
14 62 (5.09%) Microservices
15 60 (4.92%) Software Engineering
16 58 (4.76%) Prototyping
17 56 (4.59%) BDD
18 55 (4.51%) Digital Transformation Programme
Programming Languages
1 957 (78.51%) JavaScript
2 334 (27.40%) C#
3 224 (18.38%) SQL
4 213 (17.47%) Java
5 137 (11.24%) PHP
6 94 (7.71%) Scala
7 77 (6.32%) Python
8 49 (4.02%) TypeScript
9 46 (3.77%) VB.NET
10 39 (3.20%) Ruby
11 36 (2.95%) ES6
12 34 (2.79%) T-SQL
13 21 (1.72%) C++
13 21 (1.72%) Groovy
14 18 (1.48%) PowerShell
15 16 (1.31%) C
16 15 (1.23%) PL/SQL
17 11 (0.90%) Perl
18 10 (0.82%) ECMAScript
19 9 (0.74%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 53 (4.35%) Degree
2 43 (3.53%) Security Cleared
3 39 (3.20%) SC Cleared
4 15 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (0.90%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.41%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.41%) MCSE
7 5 (0.41%) MCTS
8 2 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.082%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.082%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (2.05%) QA
2 4 (0.33%) SLA
3 3 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.16%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.082%) COBIT
5 1 (0.082%) FATCA
5 1 (0.082%) HL7
5 1 (0.082%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.082%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.082%) PMO
5 1 (0.082%) WCAG
System Software
1 63 (5.17%) Docker
2 4 (0.33%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
3 2 (0.16%) vSphere
4 1 (0.082%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 51 (4.18%) Puppet
2 10 (0.82%) Terraform
3 7 (0.57%) Grafana
3 7 (0.57%) Kibana
4 3 (0.25%) Ansible
4 3 (0.25%) Kubernetes
4 3 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.16%) Capistrano
5 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
5 2 (0.16%) vCenter Server
6 1 (0.082%) CloudForms
6 1 (0.082%) HP Quality Center
6 1 (0.082%) Oozie
6 1 (0.082%) Piwik
6 1 (0.082%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 1 (0.082%) TeamSite
6 1 (0.082%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 98 (8.04%) Microsoft
2 87 (7.14%) Oracle
3 52 (4.27%) Google
4 43 (3.53%) Adobe
5 34 (2.79%) Sitecore
6 17 (1.39%) IBM
7 16 (1.31%) webMethods
8 14 (1.15%) ServiceNow
9 13 (1.07%) Telerik
9 13 (1.07%) Zend
10 11 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
11 9 (0.74%) HP
12 7 (0.57%) New Relic
12 7 (0.57%) Nintex
12 7 (0.57%) Twitter
13 6 (0.49%) BMC
14 5 (0.41%) FatWire
14 5 (0.41%) Red Hat
14 5 (0.41%) Remedy
14 5 (0.41%) SAP
Oxfordshire
Mason Frank International
Posted: Yesterday
Buckinghamshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South East
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: €70 - €75 per hour
Posted: 2 days ago
Farnborough, Hampshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
Leatherhead, Surrey
TLP Consultancy Ltd.
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Asset Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 5 days ago
Basingstoke
Spectrum IT
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 10 days ago
Portsmouth
Spectrum IT
Rate: £350 - £375 per day
Posted: 9 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £440 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
West Sussex
Bentley Whitaker
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Basingstoke
Spectrum IT
Posted: 12 days ago
High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £25 to £33 per hour
Posted: 4 days ago
Reading
Spectrum IT
Rate: negotiable
Posted: 13 days ago
Southampton
University Hospital Southampton
Rate: £26,565 - £35,577 pa
Posted: 25 days ago
Winchester, Hampshire
IBM Client Innovation Centre
Rate: From £25,070 to £57,300 per annum dependent on experience & assessment
Posted: 11 days ago
Portsmouth
Spectrum IT
Rate: £350 - £380 per day
Posted: 18 days ago
Berkshire
AMS contingency
Posted: 24 days ago