Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 22 19
Rank change year-on-year +1 -3 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 1,299 1,221 1,228
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 7.65% 7.33% 7.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.08% 26.06% 27.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 903 807 734
South East median daily rate £425 £400 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +9.59% +4.29%
10th Percentile £307 £286 £263
90th Percentile £538 £519 £495
England median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 31 43
South East median hourly rate £42.25 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.11% +12.50% +77.78%
10th Percentile £26.39 £35.00 £18.22
90th Percentile £49.13 £50.00 £47.00
England median hourly rate £41.25 £42.50 £35.69
% change year-on-year -2.94% +19.10% +18.95%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,628 4,686 4,441
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 33.15% 28.14% 27.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,650 2,870 2,692
South East median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £313 £303 £275
90th Percentile £575 £570 £538
England median daily rate £475 £468 £425
% change year-on-year +1.60% +10.00% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 87 126
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +9.76% +9.33%
10th Percentile £26.53 £15.99 £14.50
90th Percentile £53.50 £48.75 £53.75
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £39.60
% change year-on-year +3.75% +1.01% +5.60%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley +2 479 £413 +10.00% 215
Surrey +6 307 £459 +1.94% 118
Hampshire +6 280 £400 +6.67% 95
Berkshire -5 234 £425 +16.44% 87
Oxfordshire +5 141 £413 +3.13% 75
Buckinghamshire +15 104 £400 +14.29% 53
East Sussex -2 93 £425 +14.09% 30
West Sussex -15 85 £423 -9.87% 43
Kent -8 44 £350 +1.45% 86
Middlesex -9 11 - - 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,160 (89.30%) HTML
2 1,020 (78.52%) JavaScript
3 572 (44.03%) Agile Software Development
4 512 (39.41%) AngularJS
5 434 (33.41%) HTML5
5 434 (33.41%) jQuery
6 385 (29.64%) .NET
7 375 (28.87%) Front End Development
8 359 (27.64%) C#
9 344 (26.48%) CSS3
10 293 (22.56%) Git (software)
11 282 (21.71%) MVC
12 228 (17.55%) React
13 226 (17.40%) TDD
14 224 (17.24%) ASP.NET
14 224 (17.24%) Sass
15 217 (16.71%) User Experience
16 214 (16.47%) Node.js
17 213 (16.40%) Web Development
18 211 (16.24%) Java
19 205 (15.78%) SQL
20 201 (15.47%) Test Automation
21 200 (15.40%) SQL Server
22 189 (14.55%) Scrum
23 177 (13.63%) REST
24 171 (13.16%) Angular 2
25 161 (12.39%) PHP
26 157 (12.09%) ASP.NET Web API
27 155 (11.93%) XML
28 150 (11.55%) Continuous Integration

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (8.39%) CMS
2 43 (3.31%) Confluence
3 42 (3.23%) WordPress
4 36 (2.77%) SharePoint
5 33 (2.54%) Apache
6 31 (2.39%) Drupal
7 29 (2.23%) Tomcat
8 28 (2.16%) IIS
9 21 (1.62%) JBoss
10 19 (1.46%) Umbraco
10 19 (1.46%) WebLogic
11 17 (1.31%) nginx
11 17 (1.31%) SharePoint 2010
12 16 (1.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 16 (1.23%) EPiServer
13 14 (1.08%) Oracle Application Server
13 14 (1.08%) WebSphere
14 10 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
14 10 (0.77%) Sitecore CMS
15 9 (0.69%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 26 (2.00%) Photoshop
2 15 (1.15%) InVision
3 10 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 7 (0.54%) InfoPath
5 6 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
6 5 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.31%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.077%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.077%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.077%) GIMP
9 1 (0.077%) InDesign
9 1 (0.077%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 23 (1.77%) Magento
2 3 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
3 2 (0.15%) Shopify
4 1 (0.077%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.077%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 116 (8.93%) Microsoft Azure
2 73 (5.62%) Amazon AWS
3 51 (3.93%) GitHub
4 27 (2.08%) Google Analytics
5 23 (1.77%) SaaS
6 19 (1.46%) npm
6 19 (1.46%) Serverless
7 17 (1.31%) Office 365
8 16 (1.23%) BrowserStack
9 10 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
9 10 (0.77%) Boomi
9 10 (0.77%) Lucidchart
10 9 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
10 9 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
12 6 (0.46%) Azure Active Directory
13 5 (0.38%) Adobe Analytics
13 5 (0.38%) PaaS
14 3 (0.23%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 65 (5.00%) HTTP
2 35 (2.69%) Internet
3 26 (2.00%) SSL
4 24 (1.85%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.85%) DNS
6 10 (0.77%) IMAP
6 10 (0.77%) SMTP
7 7 (0.54%) BGP
7 7 (0.54%) BIG-IP
7 7 (0.54%) Cisco ASA
7 7 (0.54%) Cisco ISE
7 7 (0.54%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
7 7 (0.54%) Firewall
7 7 (0.54%) IPsec
7 7 (0.54%) LAN
7 7 (0.54%) Telepresence
7 7 (0.54%) WAN
8 5 (0.38%) Cisco Nexus
8 5 (0.38%) DVB
8 5 (0.38%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (15.40%) SQL Server
2 127 (9.78%) MySQL
3 95 (7.31%) NoSQL
4 65 (5.00%) MongoDB
5 58 (4.46%) Relational Database
6 40 (3.08%) PostgreSQL
7 24 (1.85%) SQL Server 2008
8 21 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
8 21 (1.62%) RDBMS
9 19 (1.46%) Cloudant
9 19 (1.46%) Oracle Database
10 18 (1.39%) Redis
11 13 (1.00%) SQLPlus
12 11 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 11 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
13 10 (0.77%) Power BI
14 8 (0.62%) SQL Server 2012
15 7 (0.54%) Cosmos DB
15 7 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
15 7 (0.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 293 (22.56%) Git (software)
2 106 (8.16%) Selenium
3 94 (7.24%) Jenkins
4 84 (6.47%) Visual Studio
5 83 (6.39%) Subversion
6 73 (5.62%) JIRA
7 57 (4.39%) Cucumber
8 55 (4.23%) gulp
9 50 (3.85%) JUnit
9 50 (3.85%) Team Foundation Server
9 50 (3.85%) Visual Studio Team System
10 49 (3.77%) webpack
11 45 (3.46%) Grunt
12 42 (3.23%) Protractor
13 36 (2.77%) git-flow
13 36 (2.77%) Jasmine
14 31 (2.39%) Eclipse
14 31 (2.39%) Maven
15 25 (1.92%) WebDriver
16 23 (1.77%) Axure RP
General
1 126 (9.70%) Finance
2 38 (2.93%) Marketing
3 34 (2.62%) Telecoms
4 24 (1.85%) Back Office
5 22 (1.69%) Retail
6 13 (1.00%) Banking
7 10 (0.77%) Publishing
8 9 (0.69%) Advertising
8 9 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
9 7 (0.54%) Games
10 5 (0.38%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.31%) Automotive
12 3 (0.23%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.15%) Electronics
13 2 (0.15%) Investment Banking
13 2 (0.15%) Law
13 2 (0.15%) Legal
14 1 (0.077%) Billing
14 1 (0.077%) Financial Institution
14 1 (0.077%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,117 (85.99%) Developer
2 326 (25.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 187 (14.40%) .NET Developer
4 168 (12.93%) JavaScript Developer
5 135 (10.39%) Angular Developer
6 119 (9.16%) Full Stack Developer
7 102 (7.85%) Web Developer
8 94 (7.24%) C# Developer
9 93 (7.16%) React Developer
10 91 (7.01%) PHP Developer
11 86 (6.62%) Java Developer
12 85 (6.54%) HTML Developer
13 84 (6.47%) Senior Developer
14 82 (6.31%) HTML CSS Developer
15 67 (5.16%) C# .NET Developer
16 56 (4.31%) UI Developer
17 45 (3.46%) Designer
18 44 (3.39%) ASP.NET Developer
19 37 (2.85%) Applications Developer
20 35 (2.69%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,160 (89.30%) HTML
2 512 (39.41%) AngularJS
3 434 (33.41%) HTML5
3 434 (33.41%) jQuery
4 385 (29.64%) .NET
5 344 (26.48%) CSS3
6 228 (17.55%) React
7 224 (17.24%) ASP.NET
7 224 (17.24%) Sass
8 214 (16.47%) Node.js
9 177 (13.63%) REST
10 171 (13.16%) Angular 2
11 157 (12.09%) ASP.NET Web API
12 155 (11.93%) XML
13 148 (11.39%) Ajax
14 143 (11.01%) JSON
15 140 (10.78%) Web Services
16 129 (9.93%) ASP.NET MVC
17 115 (8.85%) .NET Framework
18 102 (7.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 217 (16.71%) User Experience
2 79 (6.08%) Greenfield Project
3 36 (2.77%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (2.62%) Mobile App
5 22 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
6 20 (1.54%) Fintech
7 14 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (1.08%) W3C
8 10 (0.77%) Linux Command Line
9 9 (0.69%) iPad
10 8 (0.62%) Social Media
11 7 (0.54%) Data Centre
11 7 (0.54%) Life Science
11 7 (0.54%) Management Information System
11 7 (0.54%) N-Tier
12 6 (0.46%) RIA
13 5 (0.38%) CMDB
13 5 (0.38%) NHS
14 4 (0.31%) Algorithms
14 4 (0.31%) Mashup
Operating Systems
1 88 (6.77%) Linux
2 65 (5.00%) Windows
3 35 (2.69%) Unix
4 20 (1.54%) Ubuntu
5 15 (1.15%) Android
6 10 (0.77%) Apple iOS
7 8 (0.62%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
9 6 (0.46%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.15%) CentOS
12 2 (0.15%) Debian
12 2 (0.15%) Solaris
13 1 (0.077%) Robot Operating System
13 1 (0.077%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 572 (44.03%) Agile Software Development
2 375 (28.87%) Front End Development
3 282 (21.71%) MVC
4 226 (17.40%) TDD
5 213 (16.40%) Web Development
6 201 (15.47%) Test Automation
7 189 (14.55%) Scrum
8 150 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
9 129 (9.93%) OO
10 126 (9.70%) BDD
11 119 (9.16%) Microservices
12 91 (7.01%) Responsive Web Design
12 91 (7.01%) Software Engineering
13 83 (6.39%) Problem-Solving
14 79 (6.08%) DevOps
14 79 (6.08%) E-Commerce
15 67 (5.16%) OOP
16 59 (4.54%) Unit Testing
17 53 (4.08%) Wireframes
18 52 (4.00%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1,020 (78.52%) JavaScript
2 359 (27.64%) C#
3 211 (16.24%) Java
4 205 (15.78%) SQL
5 161 (12.39%) PHP
6 101 (7.78%) TypeScript
7 78 (6.00%) Python
8 66 (5.08%) ES6
9 55 (4.23%) Scala
10 52 (4.00%) Go
11 42 (3.23%) Ruby
12 29 (2.23%) T-SQL
13 25 (1.92%) Perl
14 24 (1.85%) Java 8
14 24 (1.85%) PL/SQL
15 16 (1.23%) Haskell
16 15 (1.15%) Groovy
16 15 (1.15%) PowerShell
17 12 (0.92%) C++
18 9 (0.69%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 47 (3.62%) Security Cleared
2 42 (3.23%) SC Cleared
3 34 (2.62%) Degree
4 7 (0.54%) CCNP
4 7 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
5 6 (0.46%) APMP
5 6 (0.46%) ISEB
6 5 (0.38%) CCNA
6 5 (0.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.23%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.15%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.077%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (4.62%) QA
2 7 (0.54%) WCAG
3 5 (0.38%) GxP
4 4 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.23%) Government Security Classifications
5 3 (0.23%) PMO
System Software
1 85 (6.54%) Docker
2 10 (0.77%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.077%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.077%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.077%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 22 (1.69%) Puppet
2 15 (1.15%) Grafana
2 15 (1.15%) Kibana
3 9 (0.69%) Kubernetes
4 7 (0.54%) Cisco Prime
5 2 (0.15%) Ansible
5 2 (0.15%) TeamSite
6 1 (0.077%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.077%) Packer
6 1 (0.077%) Terraform
Vendors
1 113 (8.70%) Microsoft
2 75 (5.77%) Oracle
3 60 (4.62%) Google
4 47 (3.62%) Adobe
5 18 (1.39%) Sitecore
6 16 (1.23%) Atlassian
7 14 (1.08%) webMethods
8 13 (1.00%) Citrix
9 11 (0.85%) FatWire
10 10 (0.77%) Dell
11 9 (0.69%) ATG
11 9 (0.69%) Demandware
11 9 (0.69%) hybris
11 9 (0.69%) Northgate
12 8 (0.62%) ServiceNow
12 8 (0.62%) Zend
13 7 (0.54%) Aruba
13 7 (0.54%) F5
13 7 (0.54%) Palo Alto
13 7 (0.54%) Xamarin