Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 35 21 17
Rank change year-on-year -14 -4 +8
Contract jobs citing CSS 807 1,270 1,257
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 5.67% 7.74% 7.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.61% 23.63% 27.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 498 915 848
South East median daily rate £425 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £538 £525 £500
England median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 19 27
South East median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -5.56% +23.29%
10th Percentile £23.90 £27.30 £21.20
90th Percentile £60.00 £48.00 £50.25
England median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +17.65% +6.25% +23.08%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,915 5,374 4,499
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 27.51% 32.76% 27.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,433 3,508 2,763
South East median daily rate £450 £433 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.05% +4.85% +3.13%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £595 £575 £550
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 90 76
South East median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £44.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -3.95% +10.63%
10th Percentile £20.91 £14.40 £12.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £55.00 £50.75
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +9.59%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -17 298 £413 +3.13% 198
Hampshire 0 223 £425 +6.25% 94
Berkshire -28 139 £440 +10.00% 89
Surrey -16 135 £450 - 83
Oxfordshire +1 80 £400 -3.03% 51
Buckinghamshire +1 78 £404 +0.94% 58
West Sussex -6 68 £450 +9.09% 50
East Sussex -10 46 £375 -6.25% 36
Kent -9 26 £400 +8.84% 69
Middlesex -1 8 £400 +11.11%
Sussex -1 2 - -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 710 (87.98%) HTML
2 617 (76.46%) JavaScript
3 401 (49.69%) Agile Software Development
4 294 (36.43%) AngularJS
5 270 (33.46%) .NET
6 243 (30.11%) C#
7 225 (27.88%) HTML5
8 216 (26.77%) Front End Development
9 214 (26.52%) Git (software)
10 198 (24.54%) MVC
11 177 (21.93%) TDD
12 174 (21.56%) jQuery
13 164 (20.32%) CSS3
13 164 (20.32%) React
14 151 (18.71%) ASP.NET
15 150 (18.59%) Node.js
15 150 (18.59%) Sass
16 144 (17.84%) User Experience
17 139 (17.22%) SQL Server
18 138 (17.10%) Java
19 136 (16.85%) Web Development
20 119 (14.75%) Scrum
21 110 (13.63%) Azure
22 109 (13.51%) SQL
23 108 (13.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 102 (12.64%) TypeScript
25 95 (11.77%) Microsoft
26 92 (11.40%) ASP.NET MVC
27 87 (10.78%) Test Automation
28 82 (10.16%) Web Services

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (6.57%) CMS
2 25 (3.10%) Drupal
3 22 (2.73%) Apache
4 18 (2.23%) Confluence
5 16 (1.98%) SharePoint
6 13 (1.61%) Tomcat
6 13 (1.61%) WordPress
7 10 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (1.12%) EPiServer
8 9 (1.12%) JBoss
9 7 (0.87%) nginx
9 7 (0.87%) WebLogic
10 6 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 6 (0.74%) Umbraco
11 5 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
11 5 (0.62%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.50%) ColdFusion
12 4 (0.50%) IIS
12 4 (0.50%) Liferay
Applications
1 28 (3.47%) Photoshop
2 13 (1.61%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (1.49%) Sketch
4 9 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.99%) InVision
6 6 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 4 (0.50%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.50%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.25%) MS Visio
8 2 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
8 2 (0.25%) Zeplin
9 1 (0.12%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.12%) InDesign
9 1 (0.12%) UserZoom
9 1 (0.12%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 8 (0.99%) Magento
2 2 (0.25%) Primavera
2 2 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.12%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.12%) Odoo
3 1 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.12%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 110 (13.63%) Azure
2 45 (5.58%) AWS
3 31 (3.84%) npm
4 24 (2.97%) Google Analytics
5 21 (2.60%) GitHub
6 20 (2.48%) SaaS
7 13 (1.61%) Office 365
8 8 (0.99%) PaaS
8 8 (0.99%) Power Platform
8 8 (0.99%) PowerApps
9 7 (0.87%) BrowserStack
9 7 (0.87%) Lucidchart
9 7 (0.87%) Serverless
10 6 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
10 6 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (0.74%) Yarn
11 5 (0.62%) Adobe Analytics
12 4 (0.50%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 4 (0.50%) GCP
12 4 (0.50%) Microsoft Flow
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.48%) HTTP
2 13 (1.61%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.12%) SSL
4 7 (0.87%) Network Security
5 5 (0.62%) MQTT
6 3 (0.37%) DNS
6 3 (0.37%) FTP
7 2 (0.25%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.25%) SSH
8 1 (0.12%) Internet
8 1 (0.12%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (17.22%) SQL Server
2 48 (5.95%) Relational Database
3 44 (5.45%) MySQL
4 31 (3.84%) NoSQL
5 28 (3.47%) MongoDB
6 14 (1.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 8 (0.99%) Redis
7 8 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 7 (0.87%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (0.74%) Big Data
9 6 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
9 6 (0.74%) Power BI
9 6 (0.74%) RDBMS
9 6 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
10 5 (0.62%) RethinkDB
11 4 (0.50%) MariaDB
12 2 (0.25%) Oracle Database
12 2 (0.25%) SQL Server 2005
12 2 (0.25%) SQL Server 2012
12 2 (0.25%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 214 (26.52%) Git (software)
2 79 (9.79%) JIRA
3 65 (8.05%) Jenkins
4 56 (6.94%) webpack
5 53 (6.57%) Bitbucket
6 47 (5.82%) Visual Studio
7 43 (5.33%) Selenium
8 42 (5.20%) gulp
9 40 (4.96%) Grunt
10 37 (4.58%) Cucumber
11 35 (4.34%) Subversion
12 33 (4.09%) Jasmine
12 33 (4.09%) Team Foundation Server
13 30 (3.72%) Karma Test Runner
14 26 (3.22%) TeamCity
15 24 (2.97%) Visual Studio Team System
16 19 (2.35%) Protractor
17 14 (1.73%) JUnit
18 13 (1.61%) Eclipse
19 12 (1.49%) Ant
General
1 64 (7.93%) Finance
2 20 (2.48%) Telecoms
3 18 (2.23%) Retail
4 15 (1.86%) Banking
5 11 (1.36%) Marketing
6 10 (1.24%) Public Sector
7 9 (1.12%) Manufacturing
8 8 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (0.74%) Law
10 5 (0.62%) Games
11 4 (0.50%) Automotive
11 4 (0.50%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.50%) Military
12 3 (0.37%) Advertising
12 3 (0.37%) Aerospace
12 3 (0.37%) Electronics
12 3 (0.37%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.25%) French Language
13 2 (0.25%) Legal
13 2 (0.25%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 675 (83.64%) Developer
2 170 (21.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 132 (16.36%) .NET Developer
4 100 (12.39%) Full Stack Developer
5 85 (10.53%) Angular Developer
6 84 (10.41%) JavaScript Developer
7 66 (8.18%) C# Developer
8 60 (7.43%) Senior Developer
9 56 (6.94%) C# .NET Developer
10 49 (6.07%) Web Developer
11 47 (5.82%) React Developer
12 46 (5.70%) Designer
13 34 (4.21%) Java Developer
14 30 (3.72%) UI Developer
15 29 (3.59%) Software Developer
16 25 (3.10%) PHP Developer
17 24 (2.97%) HTML Developer
17 24 (2.97%) UX Designer
18 23 (2.85%) HTML CSS Developer
19 20 (2.48%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 710 (87.98%) HTML
2 294 (36.43%) AngularJS
3 270 (33.46%) .NET
4 225 (27.88%) HTML5
5 174 (21.56%) jQuery
6 164 (20.32%) CSS3
6 164 (20.32%) React
7 151 (18.71%) ASP.NET
8 150 (18.59%) Node.js
8 150 (18.59%) Sass
9 108 (13.38%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 92 (11.40%) ASP.NET MVC
11 82 (10.16%) Web Services
12 79 (9.79%) REST
13 76 (9.42%) .NET Framework
14 73 (9.05%) JSON
15 71 (8.80%) Spring
16 69 (8.55%) ASP.NET Web API
17 68 (8.43%) XML
18 63 (7.81%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 144 (17.84%) User Experience
2 50 (6.20%) Mobile App
3 29 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
4 23 (2.85%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (1.12%) Graphic Design
6 7 (0.87%) Digital Media
6 7 (0.87%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (0.62%) Management Information System
7 5 (0.62%) W3C
8 4 (0.50%) FMCG
8 4 (0.50%) Life Science
8 4 (0.50%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (0.37%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.37%) Social Media
10 2 (0.25%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.25%) Data Structures
10 2 (0.25%) Replication
10 2 (0.25%) Robotics
10 2 (0.25%) Tandem
10 2 (0.25%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 48 (5.95%) Linux
2 35 (4.34%) Windows
3 22 (2.73%) Unix
4 18 (2.23%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.99%) Android
6 7 (0.87%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.37%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.12%) Debian
8 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 401 (49.69%) Agile Software Development
2 216 (26.77%) Front End Development
3 198 (24.54%) MVC
4 177 (21.93%) TDD
5 136 (16.85%) Web Development
6 119 (14.75%) Scrum
7 87 (10.78%) Test Automation
8 73 (9.05%) BDD
9 71 (8.80%) Continuous Integration
10 65 (8.05%) OO
11 64 (7.93%) Web Design
12 62 (7.68%) SOLID
13 59 (7.31%) Responsive Web Design
13 59 (7.31%) Unit Testing
14 55 (6.82%) DevOps
15 54 (6.69%) Analytics
15 54 (6.69%) Problem-Solving
16 53 (6.57%) Microservices
17 51 (6.32%) Software Engineering
18 45 (5.58%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 617 (76.46%) JavaScript
2 243 (30.11%) C#
3 138 (17.10%) Java
4 109 (13.51%) SQL
5 102 (12.64%) TypeScript
6 73 (9.05%) PHP
7 69 (8.55%) ES6
8 48 (5.95%) Python
9 28 (3.47%) Ruby
10 22 (2.73%) T-SQL
11 17 (2.11%) Apple Swift
11 17 (2.11%) Objective-C
12 16 (1.98%) Go
13 15 (1.86%) C
13 15 (1.86%) Scala
14 13 (1.61%) Java 8
14 13 (1.61%) PL/SQL
15 9 (1.12%) Perl
16 8 (0.99%) Groovy
16 8 (0.99%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 38 (4.71%) Degree
2 32 (3.97%) Security Cleared
3 19 (2.35%) SC Cleared
4 14 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (0.87%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.62%) ISEB
7 3 (0.37%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.37%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.12%) CBAP
9 1 (0.12%) IIBA
9 1 (0.12%) MCSD
9 1 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (5.33%) QA
2 6 (0.74%) PMO
3 2 (0.25%) SLA
4 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.12%) HL7
4 1 (0.12%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 38 (4.71%) Docker
2 4 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 11 (1.36%) Kubernetes
2 8 (0.99%) Kibana
2 8 (0.99%) Puppet
3 7 (0.87%) Grafana
4 2 (0.25%) Ansible
4 2 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
4 2 (0.25%) MOM
4 2 (0.25%) Terraform
5 1 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 95 (11.77%) Microsoft
2 47 (5.82%) Oracle
3 37 (4.58%) Google
4 34 (4.21%) Atlassian
5 33 (4.09%) Adobe
6 16 (1.98%) Telerik
7 13 (1.61%) Apple
7 13 (1.61%) Yahoo!
8 10 (1.24%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 10 (1.24%) Hotjar
8 10 (1.24%) Sitecore
9 9 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
10 7 (0.87%) webMethods
10 7 (0.87%) Xamarin
11 5 (0.62%) IBM
11 5 (0.62%) Zend
12 4 (0.50%) CA Agile Central
13 3 (0.37%) MuleSoft
13 3 (0.37%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 3 (0.37%) ServiceNow