Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 51 25
Rank change year-on-year +1 -26 -6
Contract jobs citing CSS 223 347 1,068
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the South East 4.30% 3.84% 6.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.64% 16.76% 22.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 242 748
10th Percentile £225 £282 £313
25th Percentile £313 £350 £364
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £400 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year -5.88% - +3.03%
75th Percentile £475 £488 £500
90th Percentile £535 £538 £538
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 7 25
10th Percentile £21.56 £23.63 £22.91
25th Percentile " £30.63 £41.40
Median hourly rate £25.50 £32.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -21.54% -35.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £45.63 £43.75 £55.00
90th Percentile £58.71 £53.00 £56.50
England median hourly rate £42.75 £47.50 £49.25
% change year-on-year -10.00% -3.55% +15.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,264 2,071 4,703
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 24.38% 22.90% 30.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 807 1,329 3,092
10th Percentile £300 £313 £325
25th Percentile £363 £381 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £450
75th Percentile £533 £525 £525
90th Percentile £600 £580 £580
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 37 71
10th Percentile £24.70 £29.00 £21.25
25th Percentile £31.25 £37.16 £36.50
Median hourly rate £40.50 £44.50 £47.69
Median % change year-on-year -8.99% -6.69% +5.98%
75th Percentile £58.00 £51.00 £53.13
90th Percentile £61.35 £64.30 £57.50
England median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.18
% change year-on-year -2.17% +4.12% +7.76%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley +14 112 £352 -17.19% 112
Berkshire +23 69 £375 -11.76% 44
Hampshire -2 38 £463 +2.78% 48
Surrey +10 37 £425 +11.84% 39
Oxfordshire +2 26 £363 -12.12% 48
Buckinghamshire +5 17 £250 -39.76% 20
West Sussex -1 16 £438 -2.78% 17
Kent +8 7 £375 -16.67% 27
East Sussex +8 6 £345 +10.48% 25
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 191 (85.65%) HTML
2 166 (74.44%) JavaScript
3 90 (40.36%) Agile Software Development
4 65 (29.15%) .NET
5 63 (28.25%) React
6 61 (27.35%) HTML5
7 52 (23.32%) C#
8 50 (22.42%) CSS3
9 48 (21.52%) SQL
10 47 (21.08%) RESTful
10 47 (21.08%) AngularJS
11 46 (20.63%) User Experience
11 46 (20.63%) Azure
12 44 (19.73%) Front End Development
13 39 (17.49%) DevOps
14 37 (16.59%) SQL Server
15 35 (15.70%) Web Services
16 34 (15.25%) PHP
16 34 (15.25%) TypeScript
17 33 (14.80%) Scrum
18 31 (13.90%) Git (software)
18 31 (13.90%) Node.js
19 30 (13.45%) REST
20 27 (12.11%) Docker
20 27 (12.11%) MVC
20 27 (12.11%) Java
20 27 (12.11%) Microsoft
21 26 (11.66%) Web Design
22 25 (11.21%) ASP.NET
23 23 (10.31%) jQuery

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (7.17%) CMS
2 15 (6.73%) SharePoint
3 14 (6.28%) Jadu
4 7 (3.14%) Cloud Foundry
4 7 (3.14%) WordPress
5 6 (2.69%) Apache
5 6 (2.69%) IIS
6 5 (2.24%) nginx
7 4 (1.79%) Confluence
8 3 (1.35%) Drupal
8 3 (1.35%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.90%) Umbraco
10 1 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 1 (0.45%) MS Project Server
Applications
1 13 (5.83%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 11 (4.93%) Chatbot
3 10 (4.48%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (4.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (4.04%) Photoshop
5 8 (3.59%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (2.69%) Adobe After Effects
6 6 (2.69%) Adobe Premiere
6 6 (2.69%) Sketch
7 5 (2.24%) Adobe XD
7 5 (2.24%) CINEMA 4D
7 5 (2.24%) Figma
8 1 (0.45%) Adobe Captivate
8 1 (0.45%) FrameMaker
8 1 (0.45%) InDesign
8 1 (0.45%) InVision
8 1 (0.45%) MadCap Flare
8 1 (0.45%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 3 (1.35%) Magento
2 2 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.90%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 46 (20.63%) Azure
2 22 (9.87%) AWS
3 20 (8.97%) Microsoft 365
4 7 (3.14%) Amazon S3
4 7 (3.14%) GitHub
4 7 (3.14%) OpenShift
5 6 (2.69%) AWS CloudFormation
5 6 (2.69%) Firebase
5 6 (2.69%) Serverless
6 5 (2.24%) GCP
6 5 (2.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 4 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
7 4 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (1.79%) Power Automate
7 4 (1.79%) Power Platform
8 3 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (1.35%) Amazon EKS
8 3 (1.35%) npm
8 3 (1.35%) PowerApps
9 2 (0.90%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.69%) VPN
2 5 (2.24%) Intranet
3 4 (1.79%) DNS
4 3 (1.35%) HTTP
5 2 (0.90%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (16.59%) SQL Server
2 19 (8.52%) MySQL
3 8 (3.59%) MongoDB
4 6 (2.69%) NoSQL
5 5 (2.24%) Amazon RDS
5 5 (2.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 4 (1.79%) Relational Database
6 4 (1.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 4 (1.79%) SQLite
7 3 (1.35%) DB2
7 3 (1.35%) Power BI
7 3 (1.35%) SAP HANA
8 2 (0.90%) PostgreSQL
9 1 (0.45%) BigQuery
9 1 (0.45%) Cosmos DB
9 1 (0.45%) MariaDB
9 1 (0.45%) Microsoft Analysis Services
9 1 (0.45%) Oracle Reports
9 1 (0.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 31 (13.90%) Git (software)
2 20 (8.97%) JIRA
3 8 (3.59%) Jasmine
3 8 (3.59%) Team Foundation Server
4 6 (2.69%) Jenkins
4 6 (2.69%) webpack
5 5 (2.24%) gulp
5 5 (2.24%) Visual Studio
6 4 (1.79%) Bitbucket
6 4 (1.79%) Cucumber
6 4 (1.79%) Gatling
7 3 (1.35%) Axure RP
7 3 (1.35%) CruiseControl
7 3 (1.35%) SonarQube
7 3 (1.35%) Visual Studio Team System
8 2 (0.90%) Karma Test Runner
8 2 (0.90%) Mocha
8 2 (0.90%) Oracle APEX
8 2 (0.90%) Xcode
9 1 (0.45%) GitLab
General
1 21 (9.42%) Law
2 20 (8.97%) Finance
3 12 (5.38%) Marketing
4 11 (4.93%) Local Government
5 10 (4.48%) Telecoms
6 9 (4.04%) Public Sector
7 5 (2.24%) Electronics
8 4 (1.79%) Retail
9 3 (1.35%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.90%) Legal
10 2 (0.90%) Military
11 1 (0.45%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.45%) Automotive
11 1 (0.45%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 162 (72.65%) Developer
2 37 (16.59%) Full Stack Developer
3 36 (16.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 32 (14.35%) .NET Developer
5 29 (13.00%) React Developer
6 24 (10.76%) Designer
7 16 (7.17%) JavaScript Developer
8 12 (5.38%) Angular Developer
8 12 (5.38%) Senior Developer
8 12 (5.38%) ServiceNow Developer
9 11 (4.93%) Applications Developer
10 10 (4.48%) Azure Developer
10 10 (4.48%) Graphic Designer
11 9 (4.04%) PHP Developer
11 9 (4.04%) Software Developer
11 9 (4.04%) Team Leader
12 8 (3.59%) Interaction Designer
12 8 (3.59%) Node.js Developer
13 7 (3.14%) Web Developer
14 6 (2.69%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 191 (85.65%) HTML
2 65 (29.15%) .NET
3 63 (28.25%) React
4 61 (27.35%) HTML5
5 50 (22.42%) CSS3
6 47 (21.08%) AngularJS
6 47 (21.08%) RESTful
7 35 (15.70%) Web Services
8 31 (13.90%) Node.js
9 30 (13.45%) REST
10 25 (11.21%) ASP.NET
11 23 (10.31%) jQuery
12 22 (9.87%) JSON
12 22 (9.87%) Sass
13 21 (9.42%) ASP.NET Web API
14 18 (8.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 17 (7.62%) .NET Core
15 17 (7.62%) XML
16 15 (6.73%) Twig
17 13 (5.83%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 46 (20.63%) User Experience
2 20 (8.97%) Mobile App
3 16 (7.17%) Social Media
4 8 (3.59%) Animation
5 7 (3.14%) NHS
6 6 (2.69%) Analytical Skills
6 6 (2.69%) PKI
7 5 (2.24%) Algorithms
7 5 (2.24%) Data Structures
7 5 (2.24%) Management Information System
7 5 (2.24%) Public Cloud
8 4 (1.79%) Video Editing
9 3 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.90%) Acoustics
10 2 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
10 2 (0.90%) Vector Graphics
11 1 (0.45%) Digital Media
11 1 (0.45%) Greenfield Project
11 1 (0.45%) Motion Graphics
11 1 (0.45%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 12 (5.38%) Android
2 11 (4.93%) Windows
3 9 (4.04%) Linux
4 7 (3.14%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.79%) Windows 10
6 2 (0.90%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.45%) VMS
7 1 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 90 (40.36%) Agile Software Development
2 44 (19.73%) Front End Development
3 39 (17.49%) DevOps
4 33 (14.80%) Scrum
5 27 (12.11%) MVC
6 26 (11.66%) Web Design
7 23 (10.31%) Web Development
8 20 (8.97%) Microservices
9 18 (8.07%) TDD
10 17 (7.62%) Stakeholder Management
11 15 (6.73%) Artificial Intelligence
11 15 (6.73%) OO
12 14 (6.28%) Cybersecurity
12 14 (6.28%) Information Security
12 14 (6.28%) Prototyping
12 14 (6.28%) Responsive Web Design
13 12 (5.38%) Continuous Integration
13 12 (5.38%) ITSM
13 12 (5.38%) Mentoring
13 12 (5.38%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 166 (74.44%) JavaScript
2 52 (23.32%) C#
3 48 (21.52%) SQL
4 34 (15.25%) PHP
4 34 (15.25%) TypeScript
5 27 (12.11%) Java
6 20 (8.97%) PowerShell
7 17 (7.62%) Python
8 11 (4.93%) Go
9 4 (1.79%) ANSI SQL
9 4 (1.79%) ES6
9 4 (1.79%) T-SQL
9 4 (1.79%) VB.NET
10 3 (1.35%) C++
10 3 (1.35%) Java 8
10 3 (1.35%) PL/SQL
11 2 (0.90%) C
11 2 (0.90%) Ruby
12 1 (0.45%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.45%) F#
Qualifications
1 17 (7.62%) Security Cleared
2 16 (7.17%) SC Cleared
3 8 (3.59%) Degree
4 3 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.45%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.45%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (7.17%) GDPR
2 5 (2.24%) QA
3 1 (0.45%) WCAG
System Software
1 27 (12.11%) Docker
2 6 (2.69%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 23 (10.31%) Kubernetes
2 11 (4.93%) Terraform
3 3 (1.35%) Ansible
4 2 (0.90%) MIIS
4 2 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.45%) Istio
Vendors
1 27 (12.11%) Microsoft
2 19 (8.52%) Adobe
3 12 (5.38%) ServiceNow
4 7 (3.14%) Google
5 6 (2.69%) SAP
6 4 (1.79%) Marketo
6 4 (1.79%) Red Hat
6 4 (1.79%) VMware
7 3 (1.35%) MEDITECH
7 3 (1.35%) Nintex
7 3 (1.35%) Oracle
8 2 (0.90%) DevExpress
8 2 (0.90%) Sitecore
8 2 (0.90%) Telerik
8 2 (0.90%) WooCommerce
9 1 (0.45%) Fujitsu
9 1 (0.45%) Pega
9 1 (0.45%) Siebel
9 1 (0.45%) Splunk
9 1 (0.45%) Xamarin