Period
to 26 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 26 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
26 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 49 21 19
Rank change year-on-year -28 -2 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS 433 1,179 1,260
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 4.05% 7.36% 7.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.71% 23.27% 26.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 288 827 863
South East median daily rate £400 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £281
90th Percentile £538 £538 £525
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 26 19
South East median hourly rate £32.50 £43.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.86% -3.89% +10.24%
10th Percentile £23.63 £23.33 £42.50
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £49.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% -11.11% +27.33%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,592 5,066 4,844
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 24.26% 31.64% 29.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,623 3,281 3,039
South East median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £310 £320 £308
90th Percentile £588 £575 £575
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 58 65 84
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00
10th Percentile £30.00 £19.45 £22.95
90th Percentile £82.50 £55.00 £52.50
England median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £40.40
% change year-on-year -1.18% +5.19% +1.01%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 26 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -21 197 £413 -1.79% 177
Berkshire -25 106 £400 -5.88% 85
Surrey -16 90 £375 -21.05% 101
Hampshire -39 86 £419 -1.47% 101
Buckinghamshire -10 48 £394 -1.56% 33
Oxfordshire -7 42 £450 +9.09% 59
West Sussex +8 28 £474 +3.84% 53
East Sussex -12 22 £300 -33.15% 28
Kent -12 10 £325 -19.75% 40
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 26 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 404 (93.30%) HTML
2 339 (78.29%) JavaScript
3 184 (42.49%) Agile Software Development
4 142 (32.79%) HTML5
5 132 (30.48%) .NET
6 127 (29.33%) C#
7 124 (28.64%) AngularJS
8 119 (27.48%) Git (software)
9 105 (24.25%) Scrum
10 102 (23.56%) MVC
11 100 (23.09%) Web Development
12 92 (21.25%) Front End Development
13 85 (19.63%) Java
14 84 (19.40%) CSS3
15 83 (19.17%) jQuery
16 80 (18.48%) SQL
16 80 (18.48%) React
17 76 (17.55%) SQL Server
18 70 (16.17%) Azure
19 69 (15.94%) ASP.NET
20 68 (15.70%) TDD
21 62 (14.32%) Test Automation
21 62 (14.32%) REST
22 58 (13.39%) User Experience
23 55 (12.70%) JSON
24 54 (12.47%) PHP
24 54 (12.47%) XML
25 52 (12.01%) Web Services
26 51 (11.78%) Node.js
27 47 (10.85%) Jenkins

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (6.24%) CMS
2 17 (3.93%) SharePoint
3 14 (3.23%) Apache
3 14 (3.23%) Umbraco
4 12 (2.77%) Drupal
5 8 (1.85%) Confluence
6 6 (1.39%) IIS
6 6 (1.39%) JBoss
6 6 (1.39%) SharePoint 2010
6 6 (1.39%) WordPress
7 5 (1.15%) Tomcat
8 4 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.69%) nginx
9 3 (0.69%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.46%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.46%) EPiServer
10 2 (0.46%) Mendix
10 2 (0.46%) MODX
10 2 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 10 (2.31%) Photoshop
2 7 (1.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (1.39%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (1.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.15%) Sketch
5 4 (0.92%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 4 (0.92%) InVision
6 3 (0.69%) InDesign
6 3 (0.69%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.46%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.46%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.46%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.46%) UserZoom
7 2 (0.46%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.23%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 10 (2.31%) Magento
2 4 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.46%) Shopify
4 1 (0.23%) BigMachines
4 1 (0.23%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.23%) Odoo
4 1 (0.23%) OpenCart
4 1 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.23%) Sprinklr
4 1 (0.23%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 70 (16.17%) Azure
2 25 (5.77%) AWS
3 24 (5.54%) SaaS
4 15 (3.46%) Google Analytics
4 15 (3.46%) npm
5 13 (3.00%) GCP
6 11 (2.54%) GitHub
6 11 (2.54%) Serverless
7 9 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (1.62%) Firebase
8 7 (1.62%) OpenShift
9 5 (1.15%) Adobe Analytics
9 5 (1.15%) Boomi
9 5 (1.15%) PaaS
10 3 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
10 3 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.46%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.46%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.46%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 22 (5.08%) HTTP
2 10 (2.31%) Internet
3 7 (1.62%) SSL
3 7 (1.62%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.39%) DNS
5 4 (0.92%) Intranet
5 4 (0.92%) Network Security
6 3 (0.69%) Skype
7 2 (0.46%) 3G
7 2 (0.46%) 4G
7 2 (0.46%) 5G
7 2 (0.46%) Broadband
7 2 (0.46%) GPRS
7 2 (0.46%) LTE
7 2 (0.46%) UMTS
7 2 (0.46%) WAN
8 1 (0.23%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.23%) DHCP
8 1 (0.23%) Firewall
8 1 (0.23%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (17.55%) SQL Server
2 46 (10.62%) MySQL
3 31 (7.16%) Relational Database
4 21 (4.85%) MongoDB
5 14 (3.23%) NoSQL
6 10 (2.31%) Pentaho
7 9 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
7 9 (2.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 9 (2.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 7 (1.62%) Big Data
9 6 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
10 5 (1.15%) BigQuery
11 4 (0.92%) Cosmos DB
11 4 (0.92%) SQL Server 2008
12 3 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.69%) Data Lake
12 3 (0.69%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
12 3 (0.69%) MariaDB
12 3 (0.69%) MOLAP
12 3 (0.69%) ROLAP
Development Applications
1 119 (27.48%) Git (software)
2 47 (10.85%) Jenkins
3 39 (9.01%) Selenium
4 23 (5.31%) Cucumber
5 19 (4.39%) Subversion
6 18 (4.16%) Visual Studio
7 17 (3.93%) JIRA
8 15 (3.46%) JUnit
9 14 (3.23%) Visual Studio Team System
10 13 (3.00%) Team Foundation Server
11 9 (2.08%) Bitbucket
11 9 (2.08%) Grunt
11 9 (2.08%) gulp
12 7 (1.62%) Eclipse
12 7 (1.62%) IntelliJ
12 7 (1.62%) NUnit
12 7 (1.62%) TeamCity
12 7 (1.62%) webpack
13 6 (1.39%) Gatling
13 6 (1.39%) Jasmine
General
1 30 (6.93%) Finance
2 16 (3.70%) Banking
3 15 (3.46%) Marketing
4 13 (3.00%) Public Sector
5 8 (1.85%) Telecoms
6 6 (1.39%) Retail
7 4 (0.92%) Law
8 3 (0.69%) Automotive
8 3 (0.69%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.69%) Local Government
8 3 (0.69%) Military
9 2 (0.46%) Advertising
9 2 (0.46%) Billing
9 2 (0.46%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.23%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.23%) Games
10 1 (0.23%) Interactive Media
10 1 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.23%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 358 (82.68%) Developer
2 88 (20.32%) .NET Developer
3 70 (16.17%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 48 (11.09%) Full Stack Developer
5 41 (9.47%) C# Developer
6 38 (8.78%) JavaScript Developer
6 38 (8.78%) React Developer
7 32 (7.39%) Java Developer
8 30 (6.93%) Angular Developer
8 30 (6.93%) Software Developer
9 29 (6.70%) C# .NET Developer
10 27 (6.24%) Senior Developer
10 27 (6.24%) Web Developer
11 18 (4.16%) Designer
12 17 (3.93%) HTML Developer
13 15 (3.46%) ASP.NET Developer
14 14 (3.23%) PHP Developer
15 13 (3.00%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
15 13 (3.00%) C# Software Developer
15 13 (3.00%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 404 (93.30%) HTML
2 142 (32.79%) HTML5
3 132 (30.48%) .NET
4 124 (28.64%) AngularJS
5 84 (19.40%) CSS3
6 83 (19.17%) jQuery
7 80 (18.48%) React
8 69 (15.94%) ASP.NET
9 62 (14.32%) REST
10 55 (12.70%) JSON
11 54 (12.47%) XML
12 52 (12.01%) Web Services
13 51 (11.78%) Node.js
14 44 (10.16%) Sass
15 43 (9.93%) Spring
16 42 (9.70%) .NET Framework
17 40 (9.24%) SOAP
18 39 (9.01%) RESTful
19 37 (8.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 32 (7.39%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 58 (13.39%) User Experience
2 28 (6.47%) Mobile App
3 27 (6.24%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (3.23%) W3C
5 7 (1.62%) Graphic Design
6 6 (1.39%) Social Media
7 5 (1.15%) Greenfield Project
8 4 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (0.69%) Animation
9 3 (0.69%) NHS
10 2 (0.46%) Client/Server
10 2 (0.46%) Cloud Native
10 2 (0.46%) Data Structures
10 2 (0.46%) Internet of Things
10 2 (0.46%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.46%) Video\Live Streaming
10 2 (0.46%) Virtual Team
11 1 (0.23%) Data Centre
11 1 (0.23%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.23%) Raspberry Pi
Operating Systems
1 21 (4.85%) Linux
2 13 (3.00%) Apple iOS
2 13 (3.00%) Windows
3 12 (2.77%) Unix
4 10 (2.31%) Android
5 3 (0.69%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.46%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.23%) CentOS
7 1 (0.23%) Debian
7 1 (0.23%) Kali Linux
7 1 (0.23%) Windows 2000
7 1 (0.23%) Windows 7
7 1 (0.23%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.23%) Windows Vista
7 1 (0.23%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (42.49%) Agile Software Development
2 105 (24.25%) Scrum
3 102 (23.56%) MVC
4 100 (23.09%) Web Development
5 92 (21.25%) Front End Development
6 68 (15.70%) TDD
7 62 (14.32%) Test Automation
8 47 (10.85%) Problem-Solving
9 43 (9.93%) Responsive Web Design
10 41 (9.47%) Continuous Integration
11 40 (9.24%) Unit Testing
12 34 (7.85%) BDD
13 32 (7.39%) DevOps
14 31 (7.16%) Web Design
15 30 (6.93%) OO
16 29 (6.70%) Software Engineering
17 26 (6.00%) Analytics
18 25 (5.77%) Microservices
19 19 (4.39%) Kanban
19 19 (4.39%) Service Design
Programming Languages
1 339 (78.29%) JavaScript
2 127 (29.33%) C#
3 85 (19.63%) Java
4 80 (18.48%) SQL
5 54 (12.47%) PHP
6 44 (10.16%) TypeScript
7 24 (5.54%) Python
8 23 (5.31%) Scala
8 23 (5.31%) T-SQL
9 21 (4.85%) Ruby
10 19 (4.39%) Java 8
11 16 (3.70%) VB.NET
12 12 (2.77%) ES6
13 10 (2.31%) PL/SQL
14 7 (1.62%) C++
14 7 (1.62%) Go
14 7 (1.62%) Objective-C
14 7 (1.62%) PowerShell
15 6 (1.39%) Apple Swift
16 4 (0.92%) XAML
Qualifications
1 24 (5.54%) Degree
2 17 (3.93%) Security Cleared
3 15 (3.46%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.23%) CBAP
6 1 (0.23%) CEH
6 1 (0.23%) Dell Certification
6 1 (0.23%) IIBA
6 1 (0.23%) ISEB
6 1 (0.23%) MCP
6 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.93%) QA
2 9 (2.08%) WCAG
3 2 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.23%) GDPR
4 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.23%) PMO
4 1 (0.23%) SEPA
4 1 (0.23%) SLA
4 1 (0.23%) SNOMED CT
4 1 (0.23%) WAI
System Software
1 36 (8.31%) Docker
2 6 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.23%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.23%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 19 (4.39%) Kubernetes
2 7 (1.62%) Kibana
3 6 (1.39%) Grafana
3 6 (1.39%) Terraform
4 3 (0.69%) MIIS
5 2 (0.46%) Puppet
5 2 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.23%) Ansible
6 1 (0.23%) Cisco CME
6 1 (0.23%) Cisco Prime
6 1 (0.23%) Consul
6 1 (0.23%) cPanel
6 1 (0.23%) HP ALM
6 1 (0.23%) logstash
6 1 (0.23%) OpenNebula
6 1 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.23%) Packer
6 1 (0.23%) ServiceCenter
6 1 (0.23%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 45 (10.39%) Google
2 44 (10.16%) Microsoft
3 20 (4.62%) Oracle
4 14 (3.23%) Adobe
5 7 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
6 6 (1.39%) Atlassian
7 5 (1.15%) Dell
8 4 (0.92%) Northgate
8 4 (0.92%) Xamarin
9 3 (0.69%) Apple
9 3 (0.69%) Facebook
9 3 (0.69%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.69%) Tealium
9 3 (0.69%) Zend
10 2 (0.46%) Citrix
10 2 (0.46%) HP
10 2 (0.46%) Maxymiser
10 2 (0.46%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.46%) Sitecore
10 2 (0.46%) webMethods