Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 17 20
Rank change year-on-year -2 +3 +4
Contract jobs citing CSS 1,277 1,235 1,211
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 7.83% 7.61% 7.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.60% 27.55% 25.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 922 839 728
South East median daily rate £413 £400 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +10.34% +11.54%
10th Percentile £300 £288 £263
90th Percentile £525 £510 £490
England median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 32 41
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +20.00% +66.67%
10th Percentile £33.50 £27.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £48.00 £48.75 £46.00
England median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.63% +9.59% +16.09%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,411 4,483 4,732
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 33.17% 27.61% 27.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,531 2,784 2,925
South East median daily rate £438 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £575 £561 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 82 85 133
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +9.76% +9.33%
10th Percentile £21.08 £15.66 £12.25
90th Percentile £54.88 £48.75 £54.40
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.22% +6.67% +1.24%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley 0 480 £400 +1.91% 290
Surrey +3 307 £450 +5.88% 121
Hampshire -3 256 £400 +6.67% 122
Berkshire -1 230 £400 +6.67% 123
Oxfordshire -1 142 £413 - 100
Buckinghamshire +10 108 £400 -5.88% 67
West Sussex -12 92 £413 -13.16% 41
East Sussex -2 83 £425 +27.82% 42
Kent -1 44 £365 +6.57% 57
Middlesex +7 15 £350 -22.22%
Sussex -5 1 £550 +18.92%
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,172 (91.78%) HTML
2 1,043 (81.68%) JavaScript
3 544 (42.60%) Agile Software Development
4 455 (35.63%) AngularJS
5 439 (34.38%) jQuery
6 433 (33.91%) HTML5
7 365 (28.58%) CSS3
8 350 (27.41%) .NET
9 348 (27.25%) Front End Development
10 332 (26.00%) C#
11 270 (21.14%) MVC
12 265 (20.75%) Git (software)
13 242 (18.95%) User Experience
14 226 (17.70%) Web Development
15 215 (16.84%) React
16 209 (16.37%) Java
17 205 (16.05%) SQL
18 201 (15.74%) TDD
18 201 (15.74%) Node.js
19 198 (15.51%) ASP.NET
20 195 (15.27%) SQL Server
20 195 (15.27%) REST
21 194 (15.19%) Sass
22 177 (13.86%) Test Automation
23 174 (13.63%) Scrum
24 160 (12.53%) PHP
25 156 (12.22%) Web Services
26 155 (12.14%) Ajax
27 154 (12.06%) XML
28 151 (11.82%) Angular 2

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (8.54%) CMS
2 41 (3.21%) WordPress
3 39 (3.05%) SharePoint
4 38 (2.98%) Confluence
5 37 (2.90%) Drupal
5 37 (2.90%) IIS
6 30 (2.35%) Apache
7 28 (2.19%) Tomcat
8 21 (1.64%) EPiServer
8 21 (1.64%) SharePoint 2010
9 20 (1.57%) Umbraco
10 18 (1.41%) JBoss
11 16 (1.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 14 (1.10%) WebLogic
13 13 (1.02%) nginx
13 13 (1.02%) Oracle Application Server
14 12 (0.94%) Sitecore CMS
14 12 (0.94%) WebSphere
15 10 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
16 9 (0.70%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 27 (2.11%) Photoshop
2 15 (1.17%) InVision
3 12 (0.94%) InfoPath
4 10 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 5 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.31%) UserZoom
8 3 (0.23%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
9 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
10 1 (0.078%) Acrobat
10 1 (0.078%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.078%) GIMP
10 1 (0.078%) InDesign
10 1 (0.078%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (1.80%) Magento
2 11 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.23%) Shopify
4 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.078%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.078%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.078%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 106 (8.30%) Microsoft Azure
2 77 (6.03%) Amazon AWS
3 40 (3.13%) GitHub
4 23 (1.80%) Serverless
5 22 (1.72%) Google Analytics
6 21 (1.64%) Office 365
7 14 (1.10%) SaaS
8 13 (1.02%) BrowserStack
9 12 (0.94%) npm
10 11 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
11 10 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (0.78%) Lucidchart
12 9 (0.70%) Boomi
13 8 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
13 8 (0.63%) PaaS
14 5 (0.39%) Adobe Analytics
15 4 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
15 4 (0.31%) Force.com
15 4 (0.31%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 61 (4.78%) HTTP
2 31 (2.43%) Internet
3 23 (1.80%) SSL
4 21 (1.64%) TCP/IP
5 10 (0.78%) DNS
5 10 (0.78%) IMAP
5 10 (0.78%) SMTP
6 7 (0.55%) BGP
6 7 (0.55%) BIG-IP
6 7 (0.55%) Cisco ASA
6 7 (0.55%) Cisco ISE
6 7 (0.55%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
6 7 (0.55%) Firewall
6 7 (0.55%) IPsec
6 7 (0.55%) LAN
6 7 (0.55%) Telepresence
6 7 (0.55%) WAN
7 5 (0.39%) Cisco Nexus
7 5 (0.39%) DVB
7 5 (0.39%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (15.27%) SQL Server
2 131 (10.26%) MySQL
3 85 (6.66%) NoSQL
4 81 (6.34%) Relational Database
5 66 (5.17%) MongoDB
6 45 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
7 33 (2.58%) Redis
8 27 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
9 26 (2.04%) RDBMS
10 20 (1.57%) SQL Server 2008
11 17 (1.33%) Oracle Database
12 14 (1.10%) Azure SQL Database
12 14 (1.10%) SQLPlus
13 13 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 12 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (0.94%) Power BI
15 10 (0.78%) Data Warehouse
15 10 (0.78%) SQL Server 2012
16 9 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 7 (0.55%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 265 (20.75%) Git (software)
2 102 (7.99%) Jenkins
3 85 (6.66%) Visual Studio
4 80 (6.26%) Selenium
4 80 (6.26%) Subversion
5 70 (5.48%) JIRA
6 60 (4.70%) Team Foundation Server
7 49 (3.84%) JUnit
8 45 (3.52%) gulp
9 44 (3.45%) Cucumber
10 40 (3.13%) Maven
11 39 (3.05%) webpack
12 33 (2.58%) Visual Studio Team System
13 32 (2.51%) git-flow
14 30 (2.35%) Axure RP
15 29 (2.27%) Protractor
16 28 (2.19%) Grunt
16 28 (2.19%) Jasmine
17 24 (1.88%) Eclipse
18 19 (1.49%) IntelliJ
General
1 130 (10.18%) Finance
2 45 (3.52%) Marketing
3 30 (2.35%) Telecoms
4 26 (2.04%) Retail
5 21 (1.64%) Back Office
6 15 (1.17%) Banking
7 12 (0.94%) Publishing
8 11 (0.86%) Advertising
9 10 (0.78%) Games
9 10 (0.78%) Manufacturing
10 8 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
11 6 (0.47%) Law
12 3 (0.23%) Automotive
13 1 (0.078%) Arabic Language
13 1 (0.078%) Billing
13 1 (0.078%) Electronics
13 1 (0.078%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.078%) Legal
13 1 (0.078%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.078%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,081 (84.65%) Developer
2 303 (23.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 172 (13.47%) JavaScript Developer
4 159 (12.45%) .NET Developer
5 125 (9.79%) Angular Developer
6 116 (9.08%) Full Stack Developer
7 113 (8.85%) Web Developer
8 100 (7.83%) Java Developer
9 95 (7.44%) React Developer
10 89 (6.97%) PHP Developer
11 77 (6.03%) C# Developer
12 73 (5.72%) HTML CSS Developer
12 73 (5.72%) HTML Developer
13 67 (5.25%) Senior Developer
14 64 (5.01%) UI Developer
15 58 (4.54%) Designer
16 56 (4.39%) C# .NET Developer
17 43 (3.37%) Applications Developer
18 39 (3.05%) UX Designer
19 37 (2.90%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,172 (91.78%) HTML
2 455 (35.63%) AngularJS
3 439 (34.38%) jQuery
4 433 (33.91%) HTML5
5 365 (28.58%) CSS3
6 350 (27.41%) .NET
7 215 (16.84%) React
8 201 (15.74%) Node.js
9 198 (15.51%) ASP.NET
10 195 (15.27%) REST
11 194 (15.19%) Sass
12 156 (12.22%) Web Services
13 155 (12.14%) Ajax
14 154 (12.06%) XML
15 151 (11.82%) Angular 2
16 136 (10.65%) JSON
17 132 (10.34%) ASP.NET Web API
18 124 (9.71%) ASP.NET MVC
19 107 (8.38%) .NET Framework
20 105 (8.22%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 242 (18.95%) User Experience
2 81 (6.34%) Greenfield Project
3 51 (3.99%) Mobile App
4 35 (2.74%) Analytical Skills
5 29 (2.27%) Computer Science
6 16 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
6 16 (1.25%) Fintech
7 15 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (1.17%) W3C
8 11 (0.86%) Life Science
9 10 (0.78%) N-Tier
10 9 (0.70%) iPad
10 9 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (0.63%) Management Information System
11 8 (0.63%) Social Media
12 7 (0.55%) Data Centre
12 7 (0.55%) NHS
13 5 (0.39%) CMDB
14 4 (0.31%) Animation
15 3 (0.23%) Mashup
Operating Systems
1 105 (8.22%) Linux
2 73 (5.72%) Windows
3 32 (2.51%) Unix
4 19 (1.49%) Ubuntu
5 17 (1.33%) Android
6 13 (1.02%) Apple iOS
7 11 (0.86%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.86%) Windows Server 2008
8 8 (0.63%) Windows Server 2003
9 6 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.31%) Solaris
11 3 (0.23%) CentOS
11 3 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.16%) Debian
12 2 (0.16%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 1 (0.078%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.078%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.078%) Robot Operating System
13 1 (0.078%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 544 (42.60%) Agile Software Development
2 348 (27.25%) Front End Development
3 270 (21.14%) MVC
4 226 (17.70%) Web Development
5 201 (15.74%) TDD
6 177 (13.86%) Test Automation
7 174 (13.63%) Scrum
8 147 (11.51%) Continuous Integration
9 117 (9.16%) BDD
10 111 (8.69%) Microservices
11 102 (7.99%) OO
12 91 (7.13%) Problem-Solving
13 88 (6.89%) Software Engineering
14 85 (6.66%) E-Commerce
15 81 (6.34%) Responsive Web Design
16 72 (5.64%) Workflow
17 68 (5.32%) DevOps
18 58 (4.54%) Wireframes
19 54 (4.23%) Prototyping
20 51 (3.99%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1,043 (81.68%) JavaScript
2 332 (26.00%) C#
3 209 (16.37%) Java
4 205 (16.05%) SQL
5 160 (12.53%) PHP
6 89 (6.97%) Python
7 79 (6.19%) TypeScript
8 65 (5.09%) ES6
9 50 (3.92%) Go
10 48 (3.76%) Scala
11 38 (2.98%) Ruby
12 28 (2.19%) Java 8
13 24 (1.88%) PL/SQL
14 23 (1.80%) Perl
14 23 (1.80%) T-SQL
15 16 (1.25%) C++
16 15 (1.17%) PowerShell
17 13 (1.02%) Groovy
17 13 (1.02%) Haskell
18 9 (0.70%) C
Qualifications
1 55 (4.31%) Security Cleared
2 50 (3.92%) SC Cleared
3 45 (3.52%) Degree
4 8 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (0.55%) CCNP
5 7 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
6 6 (0.47%) APMP
6 6 (0.47%) ISEB
7 5 (0.39%) CCNA
8 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.16%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.16%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.16%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (4.86%) QA
2 6 (0.47%) PMO
3 5 (0.39%) GxP
4 4 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.23%) Government Security Classifications
6 2 (0.16%) WCAG
7 1 (0.078%) MISRA
7 1 (0.078%) MISRA C
System Software
1 73 (5.72%) Docker
2 12 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.078%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.078%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 20 (1.57%) Puppet
2 12 (0.94%) Grafana
2 12 (0.94%) Kibana
3 8 (0.63%) Kubernetes
4 7 (0.55%) Cisco Prime
5 3 (0.23%) Ansible
6 2 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.16%) TeamSite
7 1 (0.078%) Packer
7 1 (0.078%) Salt
7 1 (0.078%) Terraform
Vendors
1 121 (9.48%) Microsoft
2 99 (7.75%) Oracle
3 44 (3.45%) Google
4 43 (3.37%) Adobe
5 22 (1.72%) Sitecore
6 17 (1.33%) Atlassian
7 12 (0.94%) Citrix
8 11 (0.86%) hybris
8 11 (0.86%) webMethods
9 9 (0.70%) ATG
9 9 (0.70%) Dell
9 9 (0.70%) Demandware
9 9 (0.70%) Zend
10 8 (0.63%) FatWire
10 8 (0.63%) IBM
10 8 (0.63%) Northgate
10 8 (0.63%) ServiceNow
11 7 (0.55%) Aruba
11 7 (0.55%) F5
11 7 (0.55%) Palo Alto