Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 21 19 22
Rank change year-on-year -2 +3 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 1244 1243 1358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 7.39% 7.47% 6.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.80% 27.86% 26.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 833 744 927
South East median daily rate £400 £365 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.59% +4.29% +4.48%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £250
90th Percentile £525 £488 £475
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 47 36
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +52.38% -38.24%
10th Percentile £28.00 £18.22 £11.00
90th Percentile £51.50 £47.00 £48.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £31.51
% change year-on-year +18.06% +14.25% -8.67%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4642 4461 5139
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 27.59% 26.80% 26.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2850 2699 3318
South East median daily rate £425 £400 £385
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +6.21%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £575 £538 £514
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 91 131 122
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.76% +9.33% +15.38%
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.25 £14.46
90th Percentile £50.00 £55.00 £51.25
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +10.29%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -5 512 £375 +3.45% 135
Berkshire -1 251 £365 +0.69% 65
Surrey +27 208 £425 +14.86% 50
Hampshire -14 190 £375 +2.74% 79
Oxfordshire +7 152 £425 +13.33% 47
West Sussex +2 113 £475 +26.67% 17
Buckinghamshire -16 113 £363 +6.62% 23
East Sussex 0 89 £363 +11.54% 19
Kent +6 85 £345 -1.43% 16
Middlesex +3 28 £475 +20.87%
Sussex +6 11 £463 - 2
Home Counties - 1 £325 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1167 (93.81%) HTML
2 981 (78.86%) JavaScript
3 535 (43.01%) Agile Software Development
4 478 (38.42%) AngularJS
5 427 (34.32%) HTML5
6 365 (29.34%) jQuery
7 361 (29.02%) C#
8 354 (28.46%) .NET
9 338 (27.17%) Web Development
10 328 (26.37%) MVC
11 327 (26.29%) CSS3
12 298 (23.95%) Git (software)
13 293 (23.55%) Front End Development
14 280 (22.51%) Java
15 271 (21.78%) Web Services
16 259 (20.82%) SQL Server
17 254 (20.42%) TDD
18 245 (19.69%) Scrum
19 242 (19.45%) SQL
20 224 (18.01%) REST
21 205 (16.48%) ASP.NET
22 198 (15.92%) User Experience
23 197 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
24 190 (15.27%) Ajax
25 186 (14.95%) JSON
26 172 (13.83%) Linux
27 170 (13.67%) Sass
28 169 (13.59%) Node.js
28 169 (13.59%) XML
29 160 (12.86%) PHP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (5.55%) CMS
2 63 (5.06%) Apache
3 47 (3.78%) Drupal
4 42 (3.38%) IIS
5 36 (2.89%) WebLogic
6 32 (2.57%) Tomcat
7 26 (2.09%) JBoss
8 25 (2.01%) Sitecore CMS
8 25 (2.01%) WordPress
9 19 (1.53%) nginx
9 19 (1.53%) SharePoint
10 18 (1.45%) Confluence
11 17 (1.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 12 (0.96%) WebSphere
13 11 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
14 10 (0.80%) EPiServer
14 10 (0.80%) NServiceBus
15 9 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
16 7 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
17 6 (0.48%) Moodle
Applications
1 51 (4.10%) Photoshop
2 24 (1.93%) Adobe Illustrator
3 22 (1.77%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 12 (0.96%) OmniGraffle
5 6 (0.48%) Adobe Premiere
5 6 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
6 5 (0.40%) InDesign
6 5 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
6 5 (0.40%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.32%) Adobe After Effects
8 2 (0.16%) Edge Animate
9 1 (0.080%) Adobe Captivate
9 1 (0.080%) GIMP
9 1 (0.080%) InVision
9 1 (0.080%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.080%) Stata
Business Applications
1 26 (2.09%) Magento
2 10 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.64%) KANA IQ
4 4 (0.32%) Eloqua
4 4 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.32%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.080%) Exstream
6 1 (0.080%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 91 (7.32%) Microsoft Azure
2 82 (6.59%) Amazon AWS
3 48 (3.86%) npm
4 33 (2.65%) SaaS
5 20 (1.61%) GitHub
6 19 (1.53%) Google Analytics
7 10 (0.80%) Firebase
8 8 (0.64%) Serverless
9 7 (0.56%) Adobe Analytics
9 7 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
9 7 (0.56%) IaaS
9 7 (0.56%) PaaS
10 6 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (0.40%) Google Checkout
11 5 (0.40%) Office 365
12 4 (0.32%) Akamai
13 3 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
13 3 (0.24%) Slack
14 2 (0.16%) Bluemix
14 2 (0.16%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 62 (4.98%) HTTP
2 19 (1.53%) SSL
2 19 (1.53%) TCP/IP
3 15 (1.21%) Internet
4 6 (0.48%) SMTP
4 6 (0.48%) Tactical Data Link
5 5 (0.40%) DNS
6 4 (0.32%) Firewall
7 3 (0.24%) IMAP
8 2 (0.16%) AMQP
8 2 (0.16%) Broadband
8 2 (0.16%) CTI
8 2 (0.16%) FTP
8 2 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
8 2 (0.16%) SMS
9 1 (0.080%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.080%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.080%) Intranet
9 1 (0.080%) LDAP
9 1 (0.080%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (20.82%) SQL Server
2 133 (10.69%) MySQL
3 98 (7.88%) Relational Database
4 94 (7.56%) MongoDB
5 66 (5.31%) NoSQL
6 30 (2.41%) SQL Server 2012
7 22 (1.77%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (1.45%) Oracle Database
9 17 (1.37%) Big Data
10 15 (1.21%) SQL Server 2008
11 11 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
11 11 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 10 (0.80%) DB2
13 8 (0.64%) Apache Cassandra
13 8 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 7 (0.56%) MariaDB
14 7 (0.56%) Oracle Database 12c
14 7 (0.56%) Redis
14 7 (0.56%) SQL Server 2000
15 6 (0.48%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 298 (23.95%) Git (software)
2 122 (9.81%) Jenkins
3 90 (7.23%) Visual Studio
4 85 (6.83%) Subversion
5 75 (6.03%) gulp
6 68 (5.47%) Selenium
7 66 (5.31%) Team Foundation Server
8 56 (4.50%) IntelliJ
9 49 (3.94%) JIRA
10 48 (3.86%) Eclipse
11 42 (3.38%) Grunt
11 42 (3.38%) Karma Test Runner
12 40 (3.22%) webpack
13 39 (3.14%) JUnit
14 35 (2.81%) Protractor
15 33 (2.65%) Maven
16 30 (2.41%) Jasmine
17 28 (2.25%) Axure RP
18 17 (1.37%) PostCSS
18 17 (1.37%) ReSharper
General
1 109 (8.76%) Finance
2 41 (3.30%) Marketing
3 31 (2.49%) Retail
4 27 (2.17%) Banking
5 21 (1.69%) Telecoms
6 14 (1.13%) Publishing
7 13 (1.05%) Advertising
8 9 (0.72%) Games
9 4 (0.32%) Aerospace
9 4 (0.32%) Law
9 4 (0.32%) Legal
10 2 (0.16%) Automotive
10 2 (0.16%) Multimedia
10 2 (0.16%) Spanish Language
11 1 (0.080%) Back Office
11 1 (0.080%) Electronics
11 1 (0.080%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.080%) Military
11 1 (0.080%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.080%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 1066 (85.69%) Developer
2 266 (21.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 214 (17.20%) .NET Developer
4 196 (15.76%) JavaScript Developer
5 139 (11.17%) C# Developer
6 134 (10.77%) Web Developer
7 112 (9.00%) C# .NET Developer
8 103 (8.28%) Java Developer
9 100 (8.04%) HTML Developer
10 84 (6.75%) Senior Developer
11 78 (6.27%) Angular Developer
12 77 (6.19%) Designer
13 74 (5.95%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 73 (5.87%) HTML CSS Developer
15 71 (5.71%) PHP Developer
16 70 (5.63%) Full Stack Developer
17 65 (5.23%) Scala Developer
18 49 (3.94%) UX Designer
19 48 (3.86%) SQL Developer
20 44 (3.54%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1167 (93.81%) HTML
2 478 (38.42%) AngularJS
3 427 (34.32%) HTML5
4 365 (29.34%) jQuery
5 354 (28.46%) .NET
6 327 (26.29%) CSS3
7 271 (21.78%) Web Services
8 224 (18.01%) REST
9 205 (16.48%) ASP.NET
10 190 (15.27%) Ajax
11 186 (14.95%) JSON
12 170 (13.67%) Sass
13 169 (13.59%) Node.js
13 169 (13.59%) XML
14 152 (12.22%) React
15 127 (10.21%) Spring
16 118 (9.49%) RESTful
17 115 (9.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 113 (9.08%) ASP.NET Web API
19 111 (8.92%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 198 (15.92%) User Experience
2 47 (3.78%) Mobile App
3 38 (3.05%) Computer Science
4 36 (2.89%) Analytical Skills
5 25 (2.01%) W3C
6 21 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
7 20 (1.61%) N-Tier
8 12 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
9 11 (0.88%) Graphic Design
10 10 (0.80%) Animation
11 8 (0.64%) Fintech
12 7 (0.56%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (0.56%) Public Cloud
13 6 (0.48%) Client/Server
13 6 (0.48%) CMDB
13 6 (0.48%) Management Information System
13 6 (0.48%) Web 2.0
14 5 (0.40%) Social Media
15 4 (0.32%) iPad
16 3 (0.24%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 172 (13.83%) Linux
2 91 (7.32%) Windows
3 53 (4.26%) Unix
4 23 (1.85%) Android
5 21 (1.69%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.05%) Apple iOS
7 12 (0.96%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.64%) Debian
9 7 (0.56%) Windows 2000
9 7 (0.56%) Windows Server 2003
10 6 (0.48%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.16%) Solaris
13 1 (0.080%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.080%) SUSE
13 1 (0.080%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.080%) Windows 8
13 1 (0.080%) Windows Phone
13 1 (0.080%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 535 (43.01%) Agile Software Development
2 338 (27.17%) Web Development
3 328 (26.37%) MVC
4 293 (23.55%) Front End Development
5 254 (20.42%) TDD
6 245 (19.69%) Scrum
7 197 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
8 146 (11.74%) Test Automation
9 132 (10.61%) OO
10 106 (8.52%) Open Source
11 88 (7.07%) BDD
12 82 (6.59%) E-Commerce
12 82 (6.59%) Unit Testing
13 80 (6.43%) Prototyping
14 78 (6.27%) Responsive Web Design
15 77 (6.19%) Software Engineering
16 71 (5.71%) Wireframes
17 69 (5.55%) DevOps
18 68 (5.47%) Microservices
19 60 (4.82%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 981 (78.86%) JavaScript
2 361 (29.02%) C#
3 280 (22.51%) Java
4 242 (19.45%) SQL
5 160 (12.86%) PHP
6 97 (7.80%) Scala
7 86 (6.91%) Python
8 61 (4.90%) TypeScript
9 53 (4.26%) T-SQL
10 52 (4.18%) Ruby
11 51 (4.10%) VB.NET
12 49 (3.94%) ES6
13 38 (3.05%) ECMAScript
14 22 (1.77%) Perl
15 17 (1.37%) C
15 17 (1.37%) C++
15 17 (1.37%) Groovy
16 12 (0.96%) Bash Shell
17 11 (0.88%) Shell Script
18 9 (0.72%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 66 (5.31%) Degree
2 29 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 24 (1.93%) Security Cleared
4 16 (1.29%) SC Cleared
5 8 (0.64%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.080%) BC Cleared
8 1 (0.080%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.080%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.080%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.65%) QA
2 7 (0.56%) GCP
3 3 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.16%) RosettaNet
4 2 (0.16%) SLA
4 2 (0.16%) WAI
5 1 (0.080%) HL7
5 1 (0.080%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.080%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.080%) PSD2
5 1 (0.080%) WCAG
System Software
1 86 (6.91%) Docker
2 16 (1.29%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.080%) ISA Server
5 1 (0.080%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 45 (3.62%) Puppet
2 17 (1.37%) Grafana
2 17 (1.37%) Kibana
3 13 (1.05%) Terraform
4 6 (0.48%) Ansible
5 5 (0.40%) Galera Cluster
5 5 (0.40%) Kubernetes
5 5 (0.40%) OpenNebula
6 3 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.080%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.080%) HP Operations Orchestration
7 1 (0.080%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 1 (0.080%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 136 (10.93%) Microsoft
2 122 (9.81%) Oracle
3 45 (3.62%) Adobe
3 45 (3.62%) Google
4 30 (2.41%) Sitecore
5 26 (2.09%) Twitter
6 19 (1.53%) New Relic
7 18 (1.45%) Telerik
8 16 (1.29%) webMethods
9 13 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
9 13 (1.05%) Zend
10 12 (0.96%) ServiceNow
11 11 (0.88%) IBM
12 9 (0.72%) hybris
13 8 (0.64%) KANA
13 8 (0.64%) VMware
14 7 (0.56%) Capita
15 6 (0.48%) ATG
15 6 (0.48%) HP
15 6 (0.48%) Intershop