Period
to 21 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
21 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 18 18 24
Rank change year-on-year 0 +6 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 1,245 1,216 1,229
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 7.52% 7.88% 6.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.42% 29.01% 26.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 899 783 788
South East median daily rate £415 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.67% +7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £300 £264 £256
90th Percentile £519 £500 £488
England median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +6.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 14 35
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +12.50% +12.59%
10th Percentile £19.50 £14.04 £9.00
90th Percentile £49.25 £46.40 £58.85
England median hourly rate £45.00 £36.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% +2.86% +18.64%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,098 4,191 4,656
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 30.78% 27.17% 25.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,242 2,581 3,063
South East median daily rate £425 £405 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £310 £290 £275
90th Percentile £575 £544 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 98 76 111
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +12.68%
10th Percentile £8.00 £15.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £56.63 £57.50 £55.55
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.13 £38.00
% change year-on-year +5.91% +5.61% +8.57%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 21 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley +1 530 £400 +6.67% 271
Surrey +6 354 £475 +27.52% 103
Berkshire +12 256 £375 -2.28% 126
Oxfordshire -2 145 £425 +6.25% 72
Hampshire -27 140 £400 +14.29% 127
Buckinghamshire -6 128 £400 +4.92% 73
West Sussex -8 103 £415 -12.63% 36
East Sussex -3 48 £378 +16.15% 43
Kent +2 35 £425 +21.43% 53
Middlesex +6 32 £433 +15.26% 2
Sussex -7 1 £550 +18.92%
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 21 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,182 (94.94%) HTML
2 1,022 (82.09%) JavaScript
3 512 (41.12%) Agile Software Development
4 476 (38.23%) HTML5
5 424 (34.06%) AngularJS
6 403 (32.37%) CSS3
7 397 (31.89%) jQuery
8 366 (29.40%) Front End Development
9 294 (23.61%) Web Development
10 286 (22.97%) Git (software)
11 269 (21.61%) React
12 257 (20.64%) .NET
13 251 (20.16%) C#
14 238 (19.12%) User Experience
15 226 (18.15%) Node.js
16 212 (17.03%) REST
17 209 (16.79%) TDD
18 204 (16.39%) MVC
19 197 (15.82%) Web Services
20 181 (14.54%) Continuous Integration
21 180 (14.46%) Scrum
22 177 (14.22%) Sass
23 175 (14.06%) Java
24 167 (13.41%) Test Automation
25 163 (13.09%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 161 (12.93%) SQL
27 159 (12.77%) SQL Server
27 159 (12.77%) Jenkins
28 144 (11.57%) Linux
29 141 (11.33%) PHP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (6.18%) CMS
2 38 (3.05%) Drupal
3 37 (2.97%) SharePoint
4 32 (2.57%) WordPress
5 29 (2.33%) Apache
6 22 (1.77%) IIS
7 21 (1.69%) Confluence
8 18 (1.45%) JBoss
9 16 (1.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 16 (1.29%) EPiServer
10 14 (1.12%) Tomcat
11 13 (1.04%) WebLogic
12 11 (0.88%) Sitecore CMS
13 10 (0.80%) Oracle Application Server
14 9 (0.72%) Apache Spark
14 9 (0.72%) Elasticsearch
14 9 (0.72%) nginx
14 9 (0.72%) SharePoint 2010
15 7 (0.56%) Kentico
16 6 (0.48%) Jetty
Applications
1 26 (2.09%) Photoshop
2 21 (1.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 16 (1.29%) Adobe Illustrator
4 14 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
5 11 (0.88%) InVision
6 10 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
6 10 (0.80%) OmniGraffle
7 6 (0.48%) InfoPath
7 6 (0.48%) UXPin
8 5 (0.40%) UserZoom
9 4 (0.32%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
10 2 (0.16%) GIMP
11 1 (0.080%) InDesign
11 1 (0.080%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 26 (2.09%) Magento
2 19 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.24%) Eloqua
3 3 (0.24%) WebTrends
4 2 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.080%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.080%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.080%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 78 (6.27%) Microsoft Azure
2 77 (6.18%) Amazon AWS
3 71 (5.70%) Serverless
4 42 (3.37%) GitHub
5 23 (1.85%) npm
6 19 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
7 18 (1.45%) Office 365
8 15 (1.20%) Google Cloud Platform
9 14 (1.12%) OpenShift
9 14 (1.12%) SaaS
10 13 (1.04%) Google Analytics
11 12 (0.96%) Yarn
12 11 (0.88%) PaaS
13 9 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
13 9 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (0.48%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 6 (0.48%) Silverpop
15 5 (0.40%) Adobe Analytics
15 5 (0.40%) Boomi
16 4 (0.32%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 37 (2.97%) HTTP
2 14 (1.12%) SSL
3 11 (0.88%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.72%) Internet
5 8 (0.64%) SMS
6 7 (0.56%) DNS
7 4 (0.32%) Network Security
7 4 (0.32%) SMTP
8 3 (0.24%) AMQP
9 2 (0.16%) Broadband
10 1 (0.080%) DVB
10 1 (0.080%) FTP
10 1 (0.080%) IMAP
10 1 (0.080%) Intranet
10 1 (0.080%) SSH
10 1 (0.080%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 159 (12.77%) SQL Server
2 121 (9.72%) Relational Database
3 112 (9.00%) MySQL
4 51 (4.10%) Redis
5 47 (3.78%) MongoDB
6 37 (2.97%) NoSQL
7 25 (2.01%) PostgreSQL
8 24 (1.93%) RDBMS
9 19 (1.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 16 (1.29%) Big Data
10 16 (1.29%) Power BI
11 14 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 14 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 12 (0.96%) Hadoop
13 11 (0.88%) MariaDB
13 11 (0.88%) SQLPlus
14 10 (0.80%) SQLite
15 9 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
15 9 (0.72%) SQL Server 2012
16 8 (0.64%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 286 (22.97%) Git (software)
2 159 (12.77%) Jenkins
3 70 (5.62%) Visual Studio
4 68 (5.46%) JIRA
4 68 (5.46%) webpack
5 56 (4.50%) gulp
6 52 (4.18%) Mocha
7 49 (3.94%) Subversion
8 43 (3.45%) JUnit
9 42 (3.37%) Grunt
9 42 (3.37%) Selenium
10 40 (3.21%) Team Foundation Server
11 35 (2.81%) Babel
12 34 (2.73%) Axure RP
13 32 (2.57%) Gerrit
13 32 (2.57%) Jasmine
13 32 (2.57%) Sinon.JS
14 31 (2.49%) Maven
15 29 (2.33%) Eclipse
16 20 (1.61%) NUnit
General
1 104 (8.35%) Finance
2 41 (3.29%) Marketing
2 41 (3.29%) Retail
3 23 (1.85%) Banking
3 23 (1.85%) Telecoms
4 11 (0.88%) Manufacturing
5 10 (0.80%) Games
6 7 (0.56%) Law
7 6 (0.48%) Advertising
7 6 (0.48%) Publishing
8 5 (0.40%) Back Office
9 3 (0.24%) Electronics
10 2 (0.16%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.16%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.080%) Automotive
11 1 (0.080%) Avionics
11 1 (0.080%) French Language
11 1 (0.080%) German Language
11 1 (0.080%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.080%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,020 (81.93%) Developer
2 291 (23.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 188 (15.10%) JavaScript Developer
4 139 (11.16%) React Developer
5 120 (9.64%) Full Stack Developer
6 112 (9.00%) Angular Developer
7 101 (8.11%) Web Developer
8 100 (8.03%) Designer
9 99 (7.95%) .NET Developer
10 81 (6.51%) HTML Developer
11 76 (6.10%) Java Developer
12 73 (5.86%) Python Developer
13 72 (5.78%) HTML CSS Developer
14 67 (5.38%) Django Developer
14 67 (5.38%) Python/Django Developer
15 65 (5.22%) Node.js Developer
16 60 (4.82%) C# Developer
16 60 (4.82%) Senior Developer
17 57 (4.58%) PHP Developer
18 54 (4.34%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,182 (94.94%) HTML
2 476 (38.23%) HTML5
3 424 (34.06%) AngularJS
4 403 (32.37%) CSS3
5 397 (31.89%) jQuery
6 269 (21.61%) React
7 257 (20.64%) .NET
8 226 (18.15%) Node.js
9 212 (17.03%) REST
10 197 (15.82%) Web Services
11 177 (14.22%) Sass
12 163 (13.09%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 140 (11.24%) ASP.NET
14 124 (9.96%) RESTful
15 118 (9.48%) Ajax
16 117 (9.40%) XML
17 94 (7.55%) JSON
18 93 (7.47%) Angular 2
19 88 (7.07%) Redux
20 85 (6.83%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 238 (19.12%) User Experience
2 70 (5.62%) Mobile App
3 61 (4.90%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (2.01%) Computer Science
5 22 (1.77%) Fintech
6 21 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
7 20 (1.61%) Analytical Skills
8 18 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (1.12%) Graphic Design
9 14 (1.12%) N-Tier
9 14 (1.12%) Social Media
10 10 (0.80%) Life Science
10 10 (0.80%) Virtual Team
10 10 (0.80%) W3C
11 9 (0.72%) iPad
12 8 (0.64%) Linux Command Line
13 7 (0.56%) Animation
13 7 (0.56%) Fat Client
13 7 (0.56%) Thin Client
14 6 (0.48%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 144 (11.57%) Linux
2 58 (4.66%) Windows
3 30 (2.41%) Android
4 27 (2.17%) Apple iOS
5 17 (1.37%) Ubuntu
5 17 (1.37%) Unix
6 9 (0.72%) Windows 10
6 9 (0.72%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
8 6 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
8 6 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (0.24%) Solaris
10 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Phone
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Phone 8
11 1 (0.080%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 512 (41.12%) Agile Software Development
2 366 (29.40%) Front End Development
3 294 (23.61%) Web Development
4 209 (16.79%) TDD
5 204 (16.39%) MVC
6 181 (14.54%) Continuous Integration
7 180 (14.46%) Scrum
8 167 (13.41%) Test Automation
9 106 (8.51%) BDD
10 101 (8.11%) E-Commerce
11 99 (7.95%) Workflow
12 94 (7.55%) OO
13 93 (7.47%) Unit Testing
14 89 (7.15%) Microservices
15 78 (6.27%) Software Engineering
16 70 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
17 68 (5.46%) SDLC
18 64 (5.14%) Analytics
18 64 (5.14%) DevOps
19 63 (5.06%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 1,022 (82.09%) JavaScript
2 251 (20.16%) C#
3 175 (14.06%) Java
4 161 (12.93%) SQL
5 141 (11.33%) PHP
6 124 (9.96%) TypeScript
7 121 (9.72%) Python
8 102 (8.19%) ES6
9 33 (2.65%) Ruby
10 29 (2.33%) Go
10 29 (2.33%) Scala
11 25 (2.01%) C++
11 25 (2.01%) PL/SQL
12 22 (1.77%) Java 8
13 21 (1.69%) T-SQL
14 18 (1.45%) PowerShell
15 17 (1.37%) VB.NET
16 14 (1.12%) Bash Shell
17 13 (1.04%) C
18 10 (0.80%) Perl
Qualifications
1 51 (4.10%) Degree
2 41 (3.29%) Security Cleared
3 33 (2.65%) SC Cleared
4 15 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (0.80%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.40%) DBS Check
6 5 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.16%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.16%) MCSE
9 1 (0.080%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.65%) QA
2 6 (0.48%) WCAG
3 4 (0.32%) GDPR
3 4 (0.32%) PMO
4 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.080%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.080%) MISRA
5 1 (0.080%) MISRA C
System Software
1 79 (6.35%) Docker
2 5 (0.40%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.080%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 15 (1.20%) Puppet
2 14 (1.12%) Ansible
3 6 (0.48%) Grafana
3 6 (0.48%) Kibana
3 6 (0.48%) Kubernetes
4 4 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.16%) Salt
6 1 (0.080%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.080%) TeamSite
6 1 (0.080%) Terraform
Vendors
1 122 (9.80%) Oracle
2 112 (9.00%) Microsoft
3 51 (4.10%) Adobe
4 44 (3.53%) Google
5 24 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (1.45%) Capita
7 16 (1.29%) Sitecore
8 13 (1.04%) ServiceNow
9 10 (0.80%) SAP
10 9 (0.72%) Twitter
10 9 (0.72%) webMethods
11 8 (0.64%) Apple
11 8 (0.64%) Atlassian
11 8 (0.64%) Citrix
11 8 (0.64%) hybris
11 8 (0.64%) IBM
12 6 (0.48%) Northgate
13 5 (0.40%) ClickTale
13 5 (0.40%) Dell
13 5 (0.40%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud