Period
to 26 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 26 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
26 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 27 18 19
Rank change year-on-year -9 +1 +4
Contract jobs citing CSS 1,011 1,274 1,170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 6.88% 7.57% 7.57%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.26% 25.30% 28.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 699 912 729
South East median daily rate £425 £425 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +13.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £263
90th Percentile £538 £519 £488
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 13 8
South East median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £42.32
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +6.33% +129.16%
10th Percentile £25.25 £16.75 £25.13
90th Percentile £60.00 £48.50 £45.25
England median hourly rate £50.00 £43.75 £37.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% +18.24% +7.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,346 5,035 4,151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 29.59% 29.90% 26.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,799 3,194 2,553
South East median daily rate £450 £430 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.65% +7.50% -
10th Percentile £325 £312 £290
90th Percentile £588 £575 £544
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 94 71
South East median hourly rate £47.85 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.58% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £19.16 £8.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.50 £57.50
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.25 £41.00
% change year-on-year +2.96% +3.05% +7.89%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 26 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 26 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 26 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -15 345 £413 +7.14% 64
Hampshire +40 275 £425 +6.25% 34
Surrey -6 230 £475 - 29
Berkshire -15 179 £440 +17.33% 15
Oxfordshire -2 97 £413 -2.94% 32
Buckinghamshire -17 69 £400 +3.23% 17
West Sussex -12 67 £450 +5.88% 11
East Sussex -5 55 £453 +20.67% 15
Kent -3 31 £375 -11.76% 14
Middlesex -9 7 £400 -13.51% 1
M4 Corridor - 1 - -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 26 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 885 (87.54%) HTML
2 819 (81.01%) JavaScript
3 520 (51.43%) Agile Software Development
4 372 (36.80%) AngularJS
5 370 (36.60%) .NET
6 347 (34.32%) C#
7 326 (32.25%) HTML5
8 311 (30.76%) Git (software)
9 290 (28.68%) jQuery
10 274 (27.10%) MVC
11 269 (26.61%) Front End Development
12 234 (23.15%) TDD
13 231 (22.85%) ASP.NET
14 228 (22.55%) CSS3
15 204 (20.18%) Node.js
16 200 (19.78%) React
17 197 (19.49%) Sass
18 192 (18.99%) SQL
19 190 (18.79%) SQL Server
20 181 (17.90%) Web Development
21 178 (17.61%) Java
22 162 (16.02%) Scrum
23 149 (14.74%) User Experience
24 145 (14.34%) REST
25 144 (14.24%) ASP.NET MVC
26 137 (13.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 129 (12.76%) OO
28 124 (12.27%) Test Automation
29 120 (11.87%) Web Services
29 120 (11.87%) TypeScript

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (6.82%) CMS
2 44 (4.35%) Confluence
3 37 (3.66%) Apache
4 26 (2.57%) WordPress
5 25 (2.47%) Drupal
5 25 (2.47%) WebLogic
6 23 (2.27%) SharePoint
7 20 (1.98%) JBoss
7 20 (1.98%) Tomcat
8 19 (1.88%) nginx
9 18 (1.78%) EPiServer
10 13 (1.29%) Elasticsearch
11 10 (0.99%) BizTalk Server
11 10 (0.99%) IIS
11 10 (0.99%) SharePoint 2010
12 9 (0.89%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.69%) SharePoint 2013
14 6 (0.59%) Liferay
15 5 (0.49%) Umbraco
15 5 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 30 (2.97%) Photoshop
2 17 (1.68%) Adobe Illustrator
3 14 (1.38%) Sketch
4 6 (0.59%) InVision
4 6 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.30%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.30%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.20%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.20%) InDesign
8 1 (0.099%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.099%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.099%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.99%) Magento
2 2 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.099%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.099%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 104 (10.29%) Microsoft Azure
2 42 (4.15%) Amazon AWS
3 37 (3.66%) GitHub
4 33 (3.26%) npm
5 31 (3.07%) Google Analytics
6 17 (1.68%) SaaS
7 15 (1.48%) Serverless
7 15 (1.48%) Yarn
8 14 (1.38%) AWS Lambda
8 14 (1.38%) Office 365
9 11 (1.09%) Adobe Analytics
9 11 (1.09%) BrowserStack
10 10 (0.99%) PaaS
11 9 (0.89%) Lucidchart
12 8 (0.79%) IaaS
13 7 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
13 7 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (0.49%) Google Cloud Platform
14 5 (0.49%) TestFlight
15 4 (0.40%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 36 (3.56%) HTTP
2 25 (2.47%) TCP/IP
3 19 (1.88%) SSL
4 10 (0.99%) MQTT
5 6 (0.59%) Network Security
6 3 (0.30%) AMQP
6 3 (0.30%) DNS
6 3 (0.30%) FTP
6 3 (0.30%) Internet
6 3 (0.30%) RFID
7 2 (0.20%) SSH
7 2 (0.20%) Wireless
8 1 (0.099%) BGP
8 1 (0.099%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.099%) Firewall
8 1 (0.099%) L2TP
8 1 (0.099%) MPLS
8 1 (0.099%) OSPF
8 1 (0.099%) PPP
8 1 (0.099%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 190 (18.79%) SQL Server
2 62 (6.13%) NoSQL
3 61 (6.03%) MySQL
4 45 (4.45%) Relational Database
5 43 (4.25%) MongoDB
6 18 (1.78%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (1.58%) Redis
8 15 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
9 11 (1.09%) Oracle Database
10 10 (0.99%) RethinkDB
11 9 (0.89%) MariaDB
12 8 (0.79%) Couchbase
12 8 (0.79%) RDBMS
13 7 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (0.69%) SQL Server 2008
13 7 (0.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 4 (0.40%) Big Data
14 4 (0.40%) Cosmos DB
14 4 (0.40%) Oracle Database 12c
14 4 (0.40%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 311 (30.76%) Git (software)
2 98 (9.69%) JIRA
3 83 (8.21%) Visual Studio
4 69 (6.82%) webpack
5 68 (6.73%) gulp
6 63 (6.23%) Jenkins
7 62 (6.13%) Grunt
8 58 (5.74%) Subversion
9 52 (5.14%) Jasmine
10 50 (4.95%) Cucumber
10 50 (4.95%) Selenium
10 50 (4.95%) Team Foundation Server
10 50 (4.95%) Visual Studio Team System
11 36 (3.56%) Bitbucket
11 36 (3.56%) Eclipse
11 36 (3.56%) Karma Test Runner
12 35 (3.46%) JUnit
13 29 (2.87%) Protractor
14 18 (1.78%) Ant
14 18 (1.78%) Axure RP
General
1 96 (9.50%) Finance
2 18 (1.78%) Telecoms
3 17 (1.68%) Banking
4 14 (1.38%) Marketing
5 11 (1.09%) Retail
6 10 (0.99%) Publishing
7 9 (0.89%) Legal
7 9 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
8 5 (0.49%) Automotive
8 5 (0.49%) Back Office
8 5 (0.49%) Investment Banking
8 5 (0.49%) Law
8 5 (0.49%) Manufacturing
9 4 (0.40%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.20%) Advertising
10 2 (0.20%) Electronics
11 1 (0.099%) Billing
11 1 (0.099%) Local Government
11 1 (0.099%) Military
11 1 (0.099%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 876 (86.65%) Developer
2 221 (21.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 173 (17.11%) .NET Developer
4 153 (15.13%) Full Stack Developer
5 108 (10.68%) JavaScript Developer
6 102 (10.09%) Angular Developer
7 75 (7.42%) C# Developer
7 75 (7.42%) Senior Developer
8 69 (6.82%) React Developer
9 58 (5.74%) C# .NET Developer
9 58 (5.74%) Web Developer
10 51 (5.04%) Java Developer
11 49 (4.85%) HTML Developer
12 47 (4.65%) Designer
13 42 (4.15%) HTML CSS Developer
14 36 (3.56%) PHP Developer
15 35 (3.46%) UI Developer
16 34 (3.36%) UX Designer
17 27 (2.67%) Software Developer
18 25 (2.47%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 885 (87.54%) HTML
2 372 (36.80%) AngularJS
3 370 (36.60%) .NET
4 326 (32.25%) HTML5
5 290 (28.68%) jQuery
6 231 (22.85%) ASP.NET
7 228 (22.55%) CSS3
8 204 (20.18%) Node.js
9 200 (19.78%) React
10 197 (19.49%) Sass
11 145 (14.34%) REST
12 144 (14.24%) ASP.NET MVC
13 137 (13.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 120 (11.87%) Web Services
15 114 (11.28%) .NET Framework
16 109 (10.78%) ASP.NET Web API
17 108 (10.68%) Angular 2
18 105 (10.39%) XML
19 104 (10.29%) JSON
20 98 (9.69%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 149 (14.74%) User Experience
2 46 (4.55%) Mobile App
3 42 (4.15%) Greenfield Project
4 29 (2.87%) Analytical Skills
5 14 (1.38%) Fintech
6 11 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (1.09%) Graphic Design
7 6 (0.59%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (0.59%) Social Media
8 5 (0.49%) e-Learning
8 5 (0.49%) W3C
9 4 (0.40%) Animation
9 4 (0.40%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.30%) 3D Graphics
10 3 (0.30%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.20%) Blog
11 2 (0.20%) Cloud Native
11 2 (0.20%) CMDB
11 2 (0.20%) Data Protection Act
11 2 (0.20%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 80 (7.91%) Linux
2 46 (4.55%) Unix
3 28 (2.77%) Windows
4 27 (2.67%) Apple iOS
5 18 (1.78%) Ubuntu
6 7 (0.69%) Android
7 4 (0.40%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.20%) CentOS
9 2 (0.20%) Gentoo
9 2 (0.20%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.099%) Debian
10 1 (0.099%) Windows Phone
10 1 (0.099%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 520 (51.43%) Agile Software Development
2 274 (27.10%) MVC
3 269 (26.61%) Front End Development
4 234 (23.15%) TDD
5 181 (17.90%) Web Development
6 162 (16.02%) Scrum
7 129 (12.76%) OO
8 124 (12.27%) Test Automation
9 107 (10.58%) BDD
10 104 (10.29%) OOP
11 97 (9.59%) Continuous Integration
12 78 (7.72%) Microservices
13 76 (7.52%) Responsive Web Design
14 75 (7.42%) DevOps
15 72 (7.12%) Problem-Solving
16 67 (6.63%) Analytics
16 67 (6.63%) Web Design
17 62 (6.13%) Unit Testing
18 55 (5.44%) Open Source
18 55 (5.44%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 819 (81.01%) JavaScript
2 347 (34.32%) C#
3 192 (18.99%) SQL
4 178 (17.61%) Java
5 120 (11.87%) TypeScript
6 106 (10.48%) PHP
7 63 (6.23%) ES6
8 53 (5.24%) Python
9 46 (4.55%) Ruby
10 44 (4.35%) T-SQL
11 29 (2.87%) Scala
12 22 (2.18%) Java 8
13 21 (2.08%) Go
14 20 (1.98%) Apple Swift
15 18 (1.78%) Objective-C
15 18 (1.78%) Perl
16 17 (1.68%) Groovy
17 16 (1.58%) Haskell
18 15 (1.48%) PowerShell
19 13 (1.29%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 40 (3.96%) Security Cleared
2 33 (3.26%) Degree
3 32 (3.17%) SC Cleared
4 10 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.59%) ISTQB
6 3 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.30%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.20%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.20%) ISEB
8 1 (0.099%) CCIE
8 1 (0.099%) CCNP
8 1 (0.099%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.099%) HND
8 1 (0.099%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.099%) JNCIS
8 1 (0.099%) MCSD
8 1 (0.099%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.86%) QA
2 15 (1.48%) WCAG
3 3 (0.30%) GxP
3 3 (0.30%) WAI
4 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.099%) HL7
5 1 (0.099%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 83 (8.21%) Docker
2 6 (0.59%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.099%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.099%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 19 (1.88%) Puppet
2 17 (1.68%) Kibana
3 16 (1.58%) Grafana
4 8 (0.79%) Kubernetes
5 3 (0.30%) MIIS
6 2 (0.20%) Ansible
6 2 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.20%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 1 (0.099%) Cacti
7 1 (0.099%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.099%) EMC NetWorker
7 1 (0.099%) OpenView
7 1 (0.099%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.099%) Terraform
Vendors
1 88 (8.70%) Microsoft
2 51 (5.04%) Google
3 38 (3.76%) Atlassian
4 34 (3.36%) Adobe
5 32 (3.17%) Oracle
6 24 (2.37%) Zend
7 20 (1.98%) Telerik
8 14 (1.38%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 13 (1.29%) webMethods
10 8 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.79%) Xamarin
11 7 (0.69%) Apple
12 6 (0.59%) Hotjar
12 6 (0.59%) IBM
12 6 (0.59%) Yahoo!
13 5 (0.49%) CA Agile Central
13 5 (0.49%) Sitecore
14 4 (0.40%) ClickTale
14 4 (0.40%) FatWire
14 4 (0.40%) HP