Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 16 26
Rank change year-on-year -5 +10 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 1,272 1,316 1,245
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 7.62% 8.25% 6.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.83% 29.83% 25.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 915 849 779
South East median daily rate £413 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £254
90th Percentile £519 £500 £488
England median daily rate £425 £411 £400
% change year-on-year +3.34% +2.81% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 23 42
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £29.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +51.26% +19.00%
10th Percentile £20.40 £15.40 £9.05
90th Percentile £48.50 £51.75 £45.00
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +33.33% -6.28%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,338 4,412 4,930
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 31.96% 27.66% 26.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,479 2,654 3,188
South East median daily rate £425 £408 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.10% +2.06% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £296 £275
90th Percentile £575 £550 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 92 83 126
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +14.29%
10th Percentile £11.03 £13.40 £12.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £55.50
England median hourly rate £41.61 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +4.03% +9.59% -1.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -1 497 £400 +6.67% 266
Surrey +1 327 £475 +18.75% 83
Berkshire +6 247 £390 +4.00% 109
Hampshire -11 203 £400 +9.59% 129
Oxfordshire -2 133 £425 +6.18% 102
West Sussex -9 122 £363 -20.96% 49
Buckinghamshire -2 116 £388 -3.13% 55
East Sussex -6 58 £413 +26.92% 34
Kent -1 39 £368 +5.00% 36
Middlesex +6 25 £375 -20.00% 1
Sussex -7 1 £550 +18.92%
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,202 (94.50%) HTML
2 1,068 (83.96%) JavaScript
3 531 (41.75%) Agile Software Development
4 481 (37.81%) HTML5
5 444 (34.91%) jQuery
6 415 (32.63%) CSS3
7 403 (31.68%) AngularJS
8 358 (28.14%) Front End Development
9 294 (23.11%) Git (software)
10 292 (22.96%) C#
11 288 (22.64%) .NET
12 280 (22.01%) Web Development
13 267 (20.99%) React
14 237 (18.63%) User Experience
15 225 (17.69%) MVC
16 206 (16.19%) REST
17 201 (15.80%) Node.js
18 196 (15.41%) TDD
19 191 (15.02%) Web Services
19 191 (15.02%) Test Automation
20 190 (14.94%) Sass
21 185 (14.54%) Scrum
22 183 (14.39%) SQL
22 183 (14.39%) Java
23 176 (13.84%) SQL Server
24 175 (13.76%) Continuous Integration
25 164 (12.89%) ASP.NET
26 156 (12.26%) Ajax
27 150 (11.79%) Linux
28 148 (11.64%) PHP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (6.84%) CMS
2 40 (3.14%) SharePoint
3 35 (2.75%) Drupal
3 35 (2.75%) WordPress
4 32 (2.52%) Apache
5 30 (2.36%) IIS
6 26 (2.04%) Tomcat
7 24 (1.89%) JBoss
8 23 (1.81%) Confluence
9 20 (1.57%) EPiServer
10 19 (1.49%) SharePoint 2010
11 17 (1.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 15 (1.18%) WebLogic
13 14 (1.10%) nginx
13 14 (1.10%) Umbraco
14 13 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
15 12 (0.94%) Sitecore CMS
16 10 (0.79%) Apache Spark
16 10 (0.79%) Oracle Application Server
16 10 (0.79%) WebSphere
Applications
1 32 (2.52%) Photoshop
2 13 (1.02%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 12 (0.94%) InVision
4 11 (0.86%) InfoPath
5 10 (0.79%) Adobe Illustrator
5 10 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
6 9 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
6 9 (0.71%) OmniGraffle
7 5 (0.39%) UserZoom
7 5 (0.39%) UXPin
8 4 (0.31%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
9 3 (0.24%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.16%) GIMP
10 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 30 (2.36%) Magento
2 19 (1.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.24%) Shopify
4 2 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.079%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.079%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.079%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.079%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 85 (6.68%) Microsoft Azure
2 67 (5.27%) Amazon AWS
3 46 (3.62%) Serverless
4 34 (2.67%) GitHub
5 21 (1.65%) Google Analytics
6 19 (1.49%) Office 365
7 14 (1.10%) npm
8 8 (0.63%) Adobe Analytics
8 8 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
8 8 (0.63%) SaaS
9 7 (0.55%) Google Cloud Platform
10 6 (0.47%) Amazon Kinesis
10 6 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
11 5 (0.39%) Boomi
11 5 (0.39%) PaaS
12 4 (0.31%) Force.com
13 3 (0.24%) BrowserStack
13 3 (0.24%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.24%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 55 (4.32%) HTTP
2 20 (1.57%) SSL
2 20 (1.57%) TCP/IP
3 16 (1.26%) Internet
4 10 (0.79%) DNS
5 8 (0.63%) IMAP
5 8 (0.63%) SMTP
6 5 (0.39%) Network Security
7 4 (0.31%) BGP
7 4 (0.31%) BIG-IP
7 4 (0.31%) Cisco ASA
7 4 (0.31%) Cisco ISE
7 4 (0.31%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
7 4 (0.31%) Firewall
7 4 (0.31%) IPsec
7 4 (0.31%) LAN
7 4 (0.31%) SMS
7 4 (0.31%) Telepresence
7 4 (0.31%) WAN
8 3 (0.24%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (13.84%) SQL Server
2 119 (9.36%) Relational Database
3 109 (8.57%) MySQL
4 61 (4.80%) MongoDB
5 57 (4.48%) NoSQL
6 54 (4.25%) Redis
7 37 (2.91%) PostgreSQL
8 26 (2.04%) RDBMS
9 21 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
10 19 (1.49%) Power BI
11 17 (1.34%) Oracle Database
11 17 (1.34%) SQL Server 2008
12 14 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 12 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
14 11 (0.86%) SQLPlus
15 10 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
16 9 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 9 (0.71%) Big Data
16 9 (0.71%) Hadoop
17 7 (0.55%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 294 (23.11%) Git (software)
2 148 (11.64%) Jenkins
3 72 (5.66%) Visual Studio
4 69 (5.42%) Subversion
5 68 (5.35%) JIRA
6 57 (4.48%) Selenium
7 55 (4.32%) Team Foundation Server
8 54 (4.25%) gulp
9 53 (4.17%) webpack
10 50 (3.93%) JUnit
11 36 (2.83%) Maven
12 34 (2.67%) Axure RP
12 34 (2.67%) Grunt
13 33 (2.59%) Mocha
14 30 (2.36%) Eclipse
15 28 (2.20%) Cucumber
16 26 (2.04%) Babel
16 26 (2.04%) Jasmine
17 23 (1.81%) Visual Studio Team System
18 22 (1.73%) Sinon.JS
General
1 115 (9.04%) Finance
2 40 (3.14%) Retail
3 33 (2.59%) Marketing
4 22 (1.73%) Telecoms
5 21 (1.65%) Banking
6 12 (0.94%) Manufacturing
7 10 (0.79%) Publishing
8 9 (0.71%) Law
9 7 (0.55%) Advertising
9 7 (0.55%) Back Office
9 7 (0.55%) Games
10 3 (0.24%) Multimedia
11 2 (0.16%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.16%) Automotive
11 2 (0.16%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.16%) Legal
12 1 (0.079%) Billing
12 1 (0.079%) Electronics
12 1 (0.079%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.079%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,077 (84.67%) Developer
2 315 (24.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 200 (15.72%) JavaScript Developer
4 144 (11.32%) React Developer
5 120 (9.43%) Full Stack Developer
6 117 (9.20%) .NET Developer
7 115 (9.04%) Angular Developer
8 113 (8.88%) Web Developer
9 87 (6.84%) Java Developer
10 85 (6.68%) HTML Developer
11 77 (6.05%) HTML CSS Developer
12 76 (5.97%) Designer
13 70 (5.50%) Python Developer
14 64 (5.03%) C# Developer
15 63 (4.95%) PHP Developer
16 62 (4.87%) Django Developer
16 62 (4.87%) Python/Django Developer
17 57 (4.48%) UI Developer
18 54 (4.25%) Senior Developer
19 47 (3.69%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,202 (94.50%) HTML
2 481 (37.81%) HTML5
3 444 (34.91%) jQuery
4 415 (32.63%) CSS3
5 403 (31.68%) AngularJS
6 288 (22.64%) .NET
7 267 (20.99%) React
8 206 (16.19%) REST
9 201 (15.80%) Node.js
10 191 (15.02%) Web Services
11 190 (14.94%) Sass
12 164 (12.89%) ASP.NET
13 156 (12.26%) Ajax
14 138 (10.85%) XML
15 129 (10.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 126 (9.91%) RESTful
17 121 (9.51%) JSON
18 99 (7.78%) ASP.NET MVC
19 98 (7.70%) ASP.NET Web API
20 92 (7.23%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 237 (18.63%) User Experience
2 65 (5.11%) Mobile App
3 58 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
4 31 (2.44%) Analytical Skills
5 23 (1.81%) W3C
6 22 (1.73%) Computer Science
7 19 (1.49%) Fintech
8 14 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (1.10%) Life Science
9 11 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
10 10 (0.79%) iPad
10 10 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (0.71%) N-Tier
12 7 (0.55%) Graphic Design
13 6 (0.47%) NHS
14 5 (0.39%) Client/Server
14 5 (0.39%) Virtual Team
15 4 (0.31%) Data Centre
15 4 (0.31%) Mobile Payment
15 4 (0.31%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 150 (11.79%) Linux
2 73 (5.74%) Windows
3 30 (2.36%) Unix
4 23 (1.81%) Ubuntu
5 17 (1.34%) Android
5 17 (1.34%) Apple iOS
6 9 (0.71%) Windows Server
6 9 (0.71%) Windows Server 2008
7 7 (0.55%) Windows Server 2003
7 7 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (0.39%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (0.24%) Solaris
10 2 (0.16%) CentOS
10 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Phone
10 2 (0.16%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 531 (41.75%) Agile Software Development
2 358 (28.14%) Front End Development
3 280 (22.01%) Web Development
4 225 (17.69%) MVC
5 196 (15.41%) TDD
6 191 (15.02%) Test Automation
7 185 (14.54%) Scrum
8 175 (13.76%) Continuous Integration
9 101 (7.94%) Workflow
10 99 (7.78%) BDD
10 99 (7.78%) Microservices
11 91 (7.15%) E-Commerce
11 91 (7.15%) OO
12 76 (5.97%) Problem-Solving
13 70 (5.50%) Wireframes
14 69 (5.42%) Software Engineering
14 69 (5.42%) Unit Testing
15 62 (4.87%) SDLC
16 61 (4.80%) Prototyping
17 59 (4.64%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 1,068 (83.96%) JavaScript
2 292 (22.96%) C#
3 183 (14.39%) Java
3 183 (14.39%) SQL
4 148 (11.64%) PHP
5 127 (9.98%) Python
6 98 (7.70%) TypeScript
7 92 (7.23%) ES6
8 46 (3.62%) Scala
9 43 (3.38%) Ruby
10 36 (2.83%) Go
11 26 (2.04%) Java 8
12 25 (1.97%) T-SQL
13 19 (1.49%) PL/SQL
14 17 (1.34%) C++
15 15 (1.18%) Perl
16 14 (1.10%) Haskell
17 13 (1.02%) Groovy
17 13 (1.02%) PowerShell
18 11 (0.86%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 55 (4.32%) Security Cleared
2 49 (3.85%) Degree
3 46 (3.62%) SC Cleared
4 10 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.31%) CCNP
7 4 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.24%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.16%) CCNA
9 2 (0.16%) MCSE
10 1 (0.079%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.079%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.079%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.83%) QA
2 4 (0.31%) GDPR
2 4 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (0.31%) PMO
2 4 (0.31%) WCAG
3 1 (0.079%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.079%) GCP
3 1 (0.079%) Government Security Classifications
3 1 (0.079%) MISRA
3 1 (0.079%) MISRA C
System Software
1 74 (5.82%) Docker
2 12 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.079%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 20 (1.57%) Puppet
2 12 (0.94%) Grafana
2 12 (0.94%) Kibana
3 8 (0.63%) Ansible
4 7 (0.55%) Kubernetes
5 4 (0.31%) Cisco Prime
5 4 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.16%) Salt
6 2 (0.16%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 123 (9.67%) Oracle
2 119 (9.36%) Microsoft
3 50 (3.93%) Adobe
4 47 (3.69%) Google
5 20 (1.57%) Capita
6 18 (1.42%) Sitecore
7 17 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
8 11 (0.86%) webMethods
9 10 (0.79%) IBM
10 9 (0.71%) Atlassian
11 8 (0.63%) Citrix
11 8 (0.63%) ClickTale
11 8 (0.63%) ServiceNow
12 6 (0.47%) Apple
12 6 (0.47%) Twitter
13 5 (0.39%) Cisco
13 5 (0.39%) Dell
13 5 (0.39%) Demandware
13 5 (0.39%) hybris
13 5 (0.39%) Perfecto Mobile