Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 44 21 20
Rank change year-on-year -23 -1 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 609 1,291 1,247
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 4.71% 7.63% 7.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.11% 23.02% 26.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 370 898 824
South East median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +9.59%
10th Percentile £288 £305 £288
90th Percentile £544 £538 £525
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 20 35
South East median hourly rate £34.53 £42.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.27% -6.11% +16.13%
10th Percentile £22.11 £26.39 £28.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.13 £49.50
England median hourly rate £36.70 £41.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year -11.03% -2.94% +20.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,363 5,607 4,737
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 26.01% 33.14% 28.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,048 3,639 2,901
South East median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £304
90th Percentile £589 £575 £575
England median daily rate £500 £475 £468
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.60% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 72 92
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +9.76%
10th Percentile £16.14 £26.52 £12.98
90th Percentile £82.50 £53.63 £48.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +2.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -22 247 £414 +0.30% 180
Hampshire -27 144 £425 +6.25% 96
Berkshire -28 121 £425 - 75
Surrey -19 105 £400 -13.51% 96
Buckinghamshire 0 74 £413 +3.13% 45
West Sussex -1 58 £475 +15.15% 36
Oxfordshire -4 51 £406 -1.52% 60
Kent 0 25 £438 +25.00% 35
East Sussex -23 21 £331 -22.06% 27
Middlesex +9 6 £400 -
Sussex - 2 - -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 552 (90.64%) HTML
2 444 (72.91%) JavaScript
3 306 (50.25%) Agile Software Development
4 211 (34.65%) AngularJS
5 190 (31.20%) .NET
6 187 (30.71%) HTML5
7 174 (28.57%) C#
8 146 (23.97%) Git (software)
9 145 (23.81%) Front End Development
10 135 (22.17%) Java
11 131 (21.51%) MVC
12 127 (20.85%) Scrum
13 125 (20.53%) jQuery
14 117 (19.21%) Web Development
15 115 (18.88%) TDD
16 112 (18.39%) CSS3
17 106 (17.41%) SQL Server
18 105 (17.24%) Azure
19 102 (16.75%) React
20 101 (16.58%) Node.js
21 100 (16.42%) SQL
22 98 (16.09%) ASP.NET
22 98 (16.09%) User Experience
23 94 (15.44%) Sass
24 86 (14.12%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 80 (13.14%) JSON
26 77 (12.64%) Microsoft
27 75 (12.32%) Jenkins
27 75 (12.32%) TypeScript
28 74 (12.15%) Test Automation

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (7.72%) CMS
2 22 (3.61%) Apache
3 17 (2.79%) Drupal
4 14 (2.30%) Tomcat
5 13 (2.13%) SharePoint
5 13 (2.13%) Umbraco
6 12 (1.97%) JBoss
7 9 (1.48%) Confluence
7 9 (1.48%) WordPress
8 8 (1.31%) nginx
8 8 (1.31%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (0.99%) IIS
9 6 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.82%) EPiServer
11 4 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.66%) ColdFusion
11 4 (0.66%) SharePoint 2010
11 4 (0.66%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 24 (3.94%) Photoshop
2 10 (1.64%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.64%) Sketch
3 9 (1.48%) InVision
4 8 (1.31%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (1.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.66%) InfoPath
6 4 (0.66%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.49%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.49%) UserZoom
8 2 (0.33%) InDesign
9 1 (0.16%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 12 (1.97%) Magento
2 2 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.33%) Primavera
2 2 (0.33%) Shopify
3 1 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.16%) Odoo
3 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.16%) Unica
3 1 (0.16%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 105 (17.24%) Azure
2 38 (6.24%) AWS
3 29 (4.76%) SaaS
4 28 (4.60%) Google Analytics
5 22 (3.61%) npm
6 18 (2.96%) GitHub
7 12 (1.97%) GCP
8 8 (1.31%) PaaS
9 7 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (0.99%) Serverless
11 5 (0.82%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 5 (0.82%) Office 365
11 5 (0.82%) Power Platform
12 4 (0.66%) Adobe Analytics
12 4 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (0.66%) PowerApps
13 3 (0.49%) Amazon Kinesis
13 3 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
13 3 (0.49%) Microsoft Flow
13 3 (0.49%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 30 (4.93%) HTTP
2 13 (2.13%) SSL
3 12 (1.97%) TCP/IP
4 7 (1.15%) Internet
5 3 (0.49%) DNS
5 3 (0.49%) Network Security
6 2 (0.33%) Intranet
6 2 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
6 2 (0.33%) WAN
7 1 (0.16%) Cisco ASA
7 1 (0.16%) DHCP
7 1 (0.16%) Firewall
7 1 (0.16%) LAN
7 1 (0.16%) NetScaler
7 1 (0.16%) Remote Desktop
7 1 (0.16%) SMS
7 1 (0.16%) VPN
7 1 (0.16%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (17.41%) SQL Server
2 54 (8.87%) MySQL
3 51 (8.37%) Relational Database
4 32 (5.25%) MongoDB
5 28 (4.60%) NoSQL
6 12 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 9 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 8 (1.31%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (1.31%) SQL Server 2008
9 7 (1.15%) Pentaho
9 7 (1.15%) PostgreSQL
9 7 (1.15%) RDBMS
10 6 (0.99%) Big Data
11 4 (0.66%) Redis
12 3 (0.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.49%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
12 3 (0.49%) MariaDB
12 3 (0.49%) MOLAP
12 3 (0.49%) Power BI
12 3 (0.49%) ROLAP
Development Applications
1 146 (23.97%) Git (software)
2 75 (12.32%) Jenkins
3 53 (8.70%) Selenium
4 43 (7.06%) JIRA
5 39 (6.40%) Bitbucket
6 31 (5.09%) Cucumber
7 30 (4.93%) Subversion
8 29 (4.76%) Grunt
8 29 (4.76%) Visual Studio
8 29 (4.76%) webpack
9 26 (4.27%) Karma Test Runner
10 25 (4.11%) TeamCity
11 21 (3.45%) gulp
12 20 (3.28%) JUnit
13 15 (2.46%) IntelliJ
13 15 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
14 13 (2.13%) Eclipse
14 13 (2.13%) Jasmine
14 13 (2.13%) Visual Studio Team System
15 12 (1.97%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 58 (9.52%) Finance
2 19 (3.12%) Retail
3 18 (2.96%) Banking
3 18 (2.96%) Public Sector
4 17 (2.79%) Telecoms
5 16 (2.63%) Marketing
6 8 (1.31%) Manufacturing
7 5 (0.82%) Games
8 4 (0.66%) Advertising
8 4 (0.66%) Electronics
8 4 (0.66%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.66%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.66%) Military
9 3 (0.49%) Automotive
9 3 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.33%) Law
11 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.16%) French Language
11 1 (0.16%) Interactive Media
11 1 (0.16%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 499 (81.94%) Developer
2 113 (18.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 103 (16.91%) .NET Developer
4 61 (10.02%) Full Stack Developer
5 58 (9.52%) Angular Developer
6 54 (8.87%) C# Developer
7 50 (8.21%) JavaScript Developer
8 42 (6.90%) C# .NET Developer
9 40 (6.57%) Java Developer
9 40 (6.57%) Senior Developer
10 37 (6.08%) React Developer
11 34 (5.58%) Designer
12 32 (5.25%) Software Developer
12 32 (5.25%) Web Developer
13 21 (3.45%) PHP Developer
14 18 (2.96%) ASP.NET Developer
14 18 (2.96%) Scala Developer
15 17 (2.79%) HTML Developer
15 17 (2.79%) WinForms Developer
16 16 (2.63%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 552 (90.64%) HTML
2 211 (34.65%) AngularJS
3 190 (31.20%) .NET
4 187 (30.71%) HTML5
5 125 (20.53%) jQuery
6 112 (18.39%) CSS3
7 102 (16.75%) React
8 101 (16.58%) Node.js
9 98 (16.09%) ASP.NET
10 94 (15.44%) Sass
11 86 (14.12%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 80 (13.14%) JSON
13 70 (11.49%) REST
14 69 (11.33%) XML
15 66 (10.84%) Spring
16 65 (10.67%) Web Services
17 61 (10.02%) .NET Framework
18 53 (8.70%) .NET Core
19 49 (8.05%) ASP.NET Web API
19 49 (8.05%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 98 (16.09%) User Experience
2 40 (6.57%) Mobile App
3 32 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
4 15 (2.46%) W3C
5 11 (1.81%) Graphic Design
6 7 (1.15%) Digital Media
7 6 (0.99%) Social Media
8 5 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (0.66%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.49%) Cloud Native
10 3 (0.49%) FMCG
10 3 (0.49%) Life Science
11 2 (0.33%) Internet of Things
11 2 (0.33%) Replication
11 2 (0.33%) Robotics
11 2 (0.33%) Self-Motivation
11 2 (0.33%) Video\Live Streaming
11 2 (0.33%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 42 (6.90%) Linux
2 40 (6.57%) Windows
3 23 (3.78%) Unix
4 17 (2.79%) Apple iOS
5 12 (1.97%) Android
6 8 (1.31%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.66%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.33%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.16%) CentOS
9 1 (0.16%) Debian
9 1 (0.16%) Windows 2000
9 1 (0.16%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.16%) Windows Vista
9 1 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 306 (50.25%) Agile Software Development
2 145 (23.81%) Front End Development
3 131 (21.51%) MVC
4 127 (20.85%) Scrum
5 117 (19.21%) Web Development
6 115 (18.88%) TDD
7 74 (12.15%) Test Automation
8 69 (11.33%) Continuous Integration
9 65 (10.67%) Problem-Solving
10 53 (8.70%) Responsive Web Design
11 46 (7.55%) Unit Testing
12 45 (7.39%) BDD
13 42 (6.90%) Microservices
13 42 (6.90%) OO
13 42 (6.90%) Software Engineering
14 41 (6.73%) DevOps
15 40 (6.57%) Analytics
16 38 (6.24%) SOLID
16 38 (6.24%) Web Design
17 36 (5.91%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 444 (72.91%) JavaScript
2 174 (28.57%) C#
3 135 (22.17%) Java
4 100 (16.42%) SQL
5 75 (12.32%) TypeScript
6 63 (10.34%) PHP
7 42 (6.90%) Python
8 38 (6.24%) ES6
9 34 (5.58%) Ruby
10 31 (5.09%) Scala
11 17 (2.79%) Java 8
12 15 (2.46%) T-SQL
13 13 (2.13%) Apple Swift
13 13 (2.13%) C
13 13 (2.13%) Objective-C
14 12 (1.97%) C++
14 12 (1.97%) VB.NET
15 8 (1.31%) Groovy
15 8 (1.31%) Perl
15 8 (1.31%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 30 (4.93%) Degree
2 16 (2.63%) Security Cleared
3 11 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (1.48%) SC Cleared
5 4 (0.66%) ISTQB
6 3 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.49%) ISEB
7 2 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.16%) CBAP
8 1 (0.16%) IIBA
8 1 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.16%) MCP
8 1 (0.16%) MCSE
8 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (5.25%) QA
2 9 (1.48%) WCAG
3 6 (0.99%) PMO
4 2 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.33%) SLA
5 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.16%) SEPA
5 1 (0.16%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 37 (6.08%) Docker
2 2 (0.33%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.16%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 12 (1.97%) Grafana
1 12 (1.97%) Kibana
2 9 (1.48%) Kubernetes
2 9 (1.48%) Puppet
3 2 (0.33%) MOM
4 1 (0.16%) Ansible
4 1 (0.16%) Cisco CME
4 1 (0.16%) Cisco Prime
4 1 (0.16%) cPanel
4 1 (0.16%) HP ALM
4 1 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.16%) ServiceCenter
4 1 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 77 (12.64%) Microsoft
2 59 (9.69%) Google
3 40 (6.57%) Oracle
4 32 (5.25%) Adobe
5 17 (2.79%) Atlassian
6 11 (1.81%) Apple
7 10 (1.64%) Sitecore
8 9 (1.48%) Yahoo!
9 8 (1.31%) webMethods
10 6 (0.99%) Hotjar
11 5 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
11 5 (0.82%) Zend
12 3 (0.49%) CA Agile Central
12 3 (0.49%) Facebook
12 3 (0.49%) Maxymiser
12 3 (0.49%) Red Hat
12 3 (0.49%) SAP
12 3 (0.49%) ServiceNow
12 3 (0.49%) Tealium
13 2 (0.33%) Xamarin