Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 47 35 21
Rank change year-on-year -12 -14 -4
Contract jobs citing CSS 128 790 1,262
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the South East 3.71% 5.55% 7.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.75% 20.29% 23.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 102 498 941
Median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +8.55%
10th Percentile £289 £307 £300
90th Percentile £575 £550 £525
England median daily rate £438 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -2.78% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 19 21
Median hourly rate £55.50 £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.00% +17.65% -5.56%
10th Percentile £33.75 £23.80 £27.50
90th Percentile £77.65 £60.00 £50.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £49.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year -28.93% +15.88% +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 764 3,894 5,353
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 22.14% 27.38% 32.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 492 2,398 3,504
Median daily rate £475 £450 £433
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.05% +4.85%
10th Percentile £300 £325 £313
90th Percentile £591 £594 £575
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 89 88
Median hourly rate £38.50 £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.00% +17.65% -3.41%
10th Percentile £30.00 £19.39 £18.18
90th Percentile £71.10 £78.75 £54.13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -22.22% +6.51% +5.63%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -13 40 £400 -3.03% 86
Hampshire -19 39 £475 +11.76% 44
Berkshire +4 19 £373 -12.35% 33
Surrey +6 16 £400 -11.11% 34
Buckinghamshire -7 13 £453 +13.16% 28
Kent +19 11 £450 +12.50% 21
West Sussex +5 10 £444 -1.39% 14
Oxfordshire +2 8 £369 -7.81% 25
East Sussex +9 6 £463 +32.14% 16
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 116 (90.63%) HTML
2 92 (71.88%) JavaScript
3 59 (46.09%) Agile Software Development
4 43 (33.59%) SQL Server
5 36 (28.13%) C#
6 35 (27.34%) AngularJS
7 34 (26.56%) .NET
8 33 (25.78%) HTML5
9 32 (25.00%) SQL
9 32 (25.00%) Front End Development
10 30 (23.44%) React
11 27 (21.09%) CSS3
11 27 (21.09%) RESTful
12 25 (19.53%) Sass
13 24 (18.75%) Scrum
14 23 (17.97%) Azure
14 23 (17.97%) Security Cleared
14 23 (17.97%) User Experience
15 22 (17.19%) Git (software)
15 22 (17.19%) MVC
16 21 (16.41%) REST
17 20 (15.63%) ASP.NET
17 20 (15.63%) SC Cleared
18 19 (14.84%) Java
18 19 (14.84%) Microsoft
19 17 (13.28%) TDD
19 17 (13.28%) Problem-Solving
20 16 (12.50%) Web Services
20 16 (12.50%) jQuery
21 15 (11.72%) Unit Testing

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (8.59%) CMS
2 9 (7.03%) SharePoint
3 7 (5.47%) IIS
4 5 (3.91%) Umbraco
5 4 (3.13%) Cloud Foundry
5 4 (3.13%) Confluence
6 2 (1.56%) Apache
6 2 (1.56%) SAP EP
6 2 (1.56%) SAP Portal
6 2 (1.56%) WordPress
7 1 (0.78%) ColdFusion
7 1 (0.78%) Drupal
7 1 (0.78%) SilverStripe
Applications
1 8 (6.25%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (3.91%) Sketch
3 4 (3.13%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (2.34%) InVision
4 3 (2.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (2.34%) Photoshop
5 2 (1.56%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (1.56%) Figma
5 2 (1.56%) Zeplin
6 1 (0.78%) GIMP
6 1 (0.78%) InDesign
6 1 (0.78%) Marvel
6 1 (0.78%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 5 (3.91%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (2.34%) Shopify
3 1 (0.78%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.78%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 23 (17.97%) Azure
2 6 (4.69%) AWS
2 6 (4.69%) Cloud Computing
3 4 (3.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
3 4 (3.13%) Amazon S3
3 4 (3.13%) npm
3 4 (3.13%) Office 365
3 4 (3.13%) OpenShift
3 4 (3.13%) Power Platform
4 3 (2.34%) Dynamics 365
4 3 (2.34%) Google Analytics
4 3 (2.34%) Serverless
5 2 (1.56%) Adobe Creative Cloud
5 2 (1.56%) PowerApps
5 2 (1.56%) ShareGate
6 1 (0.78%) Amazon Cognito
6 1 (0.78%) Azure Functions
6 1 (0.78%) IaaS
6 1 (0.78%) Logic Apps
6 1 (0.78%) Oracle Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 8 (6.25%) HTTP
2 2 (1.56%) DSL
3 1 (0.78%) Intranet
3 1 (0.78%) SMS
3 1 (0.78%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (33.59%) SQL Server
2 15 (11.72%) Relational Database
3 9 (7.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 8 (6.25%) MongoDB
4 8 (6.25%) NoSQL
4 8 (6.25%) Oracle Database
5 7 (5.47%) MySQL
6 6 (4.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 4 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (3.13%) SAP HANA
8 2 (1.56%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.78%) GIS
9 1 (0.78%) MariaDB
9 1 (0.78%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.78%) Oracle Database 12c
9 1 (0.78%) Qlik Sense
9 1 (0.78%) SQL Server 2014
9 1 (0.78%) SQL Server 2016
9 1 (0.78%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 22 (17.19%) Git (software)
2 10 (7.81%) webpack
3 9 (7.03%) Jenkins
4 7 (5.47%) JIRA
4 7 (5.47%) Team Foundation Server
5 6 (4.69%) Oracle APEX
5 6 (4.69%) Selenium
6 5 (3.91%) Grunt
6 5 (3.91%) gulp
6 5 (3.91%) Mocha
6 5 (3.91%) Subversion
7 4 (3.13%) Visual Studio
8 3 (2.34%) Jasmine
9 2 (1.56%) Axure RP
9 2 (1.56%) Bitbucket
9 2 (1.56%) Cucumber
9 2 (1.56%) Flyway
9 2 (1.56%) Gradle
9 2 (1.56%) Liquibase
9 2 (1.56%) NUnit
General
1 8 (6.25%) Public Sector
2 7 (5.47%) Marketing
3 3 (2.34%) Finance
4 2 (1.56%) Legal
5 1 (0.78%) Automotive
5 1 (0.78%) French Language
5 1 (0.78%) Law
5 1 (0.78%) Manufacturing
5 1 (0.78%) Publishing
5 1 (0.78%) Retail
5 1 (0.78%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 95 (74.22%) Developer
2 31 (24.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 12 (9.38%) Designer
4 10 (7.81%) Applications Developer
5 9 (7.03%) Senior Developer
6 7 (5.47%) React Developer
7 6 (4.69%) .NET Developer
7 6 (4.69%) C# Developer
7 6 (4.69%) Interaction Designer
8 5 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
8 5 (3.91%) JavaScript Developer
8 5 (3.91%) Oracle Developer
8 5 (3.91%) Software Developer
8 5 (3.91%) Software Engineer
8 5 (3.91%) Umbraco Developer
9 4 (3.13%) Angular Developer
9 4 (3.13%) Architect
9 4 (3.13%) Consultant
9 4 (3.13%) Senior Applications Developer
10 3 (2.34%) SEO Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (90.63%) HTML
2 35 (27.34%) AngularJS
3 34 (26.56%) .NET
4 33 (25.78%) HTML5
5 30 (23.44%) React
6 27 (21.09%) CSS3
6 27 (21.09%) RESTful
7 25 (19.53%) Sass
8 21 (16.41%) REST
9 20 (15.63%) ASP.NET
10 16 (12.50%) jQuery
10 16 (12.50%) Web Services
11 15 (11.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 14 (10.94%) JSON
13 13 (10.16%) Jest
14 11 (8.59%) Node.js
15 9 (7.03%) .NET Framework
15 9 (7.03%) ASP.NET MVC
15 9 (7.03%) Spring
15 9 (7.03%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 23 (17.97%) User Experience
2 8 (6.25%) Mobile App
3 5 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
3 5 (3.91%) Public Cloud
4 4 (3.13%) Blog
5 3 (2.34%) Social Media
6 2 (1.56%) Acoustics
7 1 (0.78%) Cloud Native
7 1 (0.78%) CMDB
7 1 (0.78%) Cyberthreat
7 1 (0.78%) e-Learning
7 1 (0.78%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (0.78%) Life Science
7 1 (0.78%) Management Information System
7 1 (0.78%) N-Tier
7 1 (0.78%) Video Editing
Operating Systems
1 7 (5.47%) Android
1 7 (5.47%) Windows
2 6 (4.69%) Apple iOS
3 4 (3.13%) Linux
4 2 (1.56%) Unix
5 1 (0.78%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 59 (46.09%) Agile Software Development
2 32 (25.00%) Front End Development
3 24 (18.75%) Scrum
4 22 (17.19%) MVC
5 17 (13.28%) Problem-Solving
5 17 (13.28%) TDD
6 15 (11.72%) Unit Testing
6 15 (11.72%) Web Development
7 14 (10.94%) BDD
8 13 (10.16%) Software Engineering
9 12 (9.38%) ITIL
9 12 (9.38%) Test Automation
10 11 (8.59%) Wireframes
11 10 (7.81%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
11 10 (7.81%) Microservices
12 9 (7.03%) DevOps
12 9 (7.03%) ETL
12 9 (7.03%) Open Source
13 8 (6.25%) Software Testing
14 7 (5.47%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 92 (71.88%) JavaScript
2 36 (28.13%) C#
3 32 (25.00%) SQL
4 19 (14.84%) Java
5 14 (10.94%) Python
6 12 (9.38%) T-SQL
7 10 (7.81%) PL/SQL
8 7 (5.47%) ES6
8 7 (5.47%) PowerShell
9 6 (4.69%) PHP
9 6 (4.69%) TypeScript
10 5 (3.91%) Apple Swift
10 5 (3.91%) Kotlin
10 5 (3.91%) Objective-C
11 4 (3.13%) Java 8
11 4 (3.13%) VB.NET
12 3 (2.34%) Scala
13 2 (1.56%) C++
13 2 (1.56%) Groovy
13 2 (1.56%) VB
Qualifications
1 23 (17.97%) Security Cleared
2 20 (15.63%) SC Cleared
3 15 (11.72%) Degree
4 5 (3.91%) DV Cleared
4 5 (3.91%) ISTQB
4 5 (3.91%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 2 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.56%) DBS Check
5 2 (1.56%) MCAD
5 2 (1.56%) MCITP
5 2 (1.56%) MCPD
5 2 (1.56%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.13%) QA
2 2 (1.56%) GDPR
2 2 (1.56%) WCAG
3 1 (0.78%) HL7
System Software
1 4 (3.13%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (1.56%) Kibana
2 1 (0.78%) Kubernetes
2 1 (0.78%) Terraform
Vendors
1 19 (14.84%) Microsoft
2 11 (8.59%) Oracle
3 9 (7.03%) Adobe
4 7 (5.47%) SAP
4 7 (5.47%) Xamarin
5 5 (3.91%) Red Hat
6 4 (3.13%) Google
7 3 (2.34%) OutSystems
8 2 (1.56%) Splunk
9 1 (0.78%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.78%) Capita
9 1 (0.78%) HubSpot
9 1 (0.78%) Pardot
9 1 (0.78%) Sitecore
9 1 (0.78%) Telerik
9 1 (0.78%) VMware