Period
to 4 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 4 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
4 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 56 27 18
Rank change year-on-year -29 -9 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 240 988 1,255
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the South East 3.51% 6.82% 7.54%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.13% 23.12% 25.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 161 700 944
Median daily rate £425 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.19% +12.00%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £300
90th Percentile £538 £538 £519
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 29 15
Median hourly rate £32.50 £50.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -35.00% +11.11% +4.65%
10th Percentile £30.25 £28.00 £22.25
90th Percentile £34.75 £60.00 £50.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -30.00% +11.11% +25.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,488 4,273 5,009
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 21.78% 29.50% 30.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 918 2,763 3,182
Median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +5.59%
10th Percentile £309 £325 £308
90th Percentile £585 £588 £575
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 79 96
Median hourly rate £44.50 £48.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.29% +11.63% -
10th Percentile £31.25 £21.14 £9.31
90th Percentile £61.25 £60.00 £58.13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -20.45% +3.53% +3.66%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 4 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -23 97 £400 -3.03% 38
Berkshire -13 55 £400 -9.09% 14
Hampshire -35 53 £475 +11.76% 30
Surrey -22 44 £413 -13.16% 26
Buckinghamshire -6 25 £400 - 6
West Sussex -10 22 £500 +11.73% 17
Oxfordshire -14 17 £375 -7.69% 18
East Sussex -5 13 £344 -19.12% 9
Kent +2 7 £450 +20.00% 8
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 4 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 222 (92.50%) HTML
2 188 (78.33%) JavaScript
3 104 (43.33%) Agile Software Development
4 73 (30.42%) C#
4 73 (30.42%) .NET
5 71 (29.58%) HTML5
6 69 (28.75%) Git (software)
7 63 (26.25%) SQL
8 60 (25.00%) SQL Server
9 55 (22.92%) MVC
9 55 (22.92%) Web Development
10 53 (22.08%) AngularJS
11 51 (21.25%) React
12 50 (20.83%) jQuery
12 50 (20.83%) Scrum
13 49 (20.42%) CSS3
14 46 (19.17%) Front End Development
15 43 (17.92%) Java
16 39 (16.25%) ASP.NET
16 39 (16.25%) DevOps
17 37 (15.42%) Web Services
18 36 (15.00%) Unit Testing
18 36 (15.00%) Test Automation
19 33 (13.75%) XML
20 32 (13.33%) Microsoft
21 31 (12.92%) .NET Framework
21 31 (12.92%) Azure
22 30 (12.50%) TDD
23 27 (11.25%) CMS
24 26 (10.83%) Security Cleared

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (11.25%) CMS
2 14 (5.83%) SharePoint
3 13 (5.42%) Confluence
4 9 (3.75%) SAP EP
4 9 (3.75%) SAP Portal
5 7 (2.92%) Drupal
5 7 (2.92%) Umbraco
6 5 (2.08%) Apache
6 5 (2.08%) IIS
7 3 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.83%) Mendix
8 2 (0.83%) SharePoint 2010
9 1 (0.42%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.42%) EPiServer
9 1 (0.42%) MODX
9 1 (0.42%) NetWeaver
9 1 (0.42%) nginx
9 1 (0.42%) Oracle Application Server
9 1 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
9 1 (0.42%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (2.08%) Sketch
2 4 (1.67%) InVision
2 4 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (1.25%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.83%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.83%) Zeplin
5 1 (0.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.42%) InDesign
5 1 (0.42%) InfoPath
5 1 (0.42%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 11 (4.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (1.25%) Magento
3 2 (0.83%) BigMachines
4 1 (0.42%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.42%) OpenCart
4 1 (0.42%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 31 (12.92%) Azure
2 16 (6.67%) AWS
3 10 (4.17%) AWS Lambda
3 10 (4.17%) Serverless
4 8 (3.33%) OpenShift
5 7 (2.92%) npm
6 6 (2.50%) Boomi
7 5 (2.08%) Firebase
7 5 (2.08%) GCP
7 5 (2.08%) Google App Maker
8 4 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
9 3 (1.25%) Amazon S3
9 3 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (1.25%) GitHub
9 3 (1.25%) Power Platform
9 3 (1.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 2 (0.83%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 2 (0.83%) Apigee
10 2 (0.83%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.25%) DNS
1 3 (1.25%) Internet
1 3 (1.25%) Intranet
1 3 (1.25%) Skype
2 2 (0.83%) 3G
2 2 (0.83%) 4G
2 2 (0.83%) 5G
2 2 (0.83%) Broadband
2 2 (0.83%) GPRS
2 2 (0.83%) HTTP
2 2 (0.83%) LTE
2 2 (0.83%) UMTS
3 1 (0.42%) DSL
3 1 (0.42%) Network Security
3 1 (0.42%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.42%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (25.00%) SQL Server
2 18 (7.50%) Relational Database
3 16 (6.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 15 (6.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 14 (5.83%) MySQL
6 10 (4.17%) MongoDB
7 9 (3.75%) Big Data
8 8 (3.33%) NoSQL
9 6 (2.50%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (2.50%) Cosmos DB
9 6 (2.50%) Data Lake
10 5 (2.08%) BigQuery
10 5 (2.08%) SQL Server 2008
11 4 (1.67%) SQL Server 2016
12 3 (1.25%) Pentaho
12 3 (1.25%) SAP HANA
13 2 (0.83%) Microsoft Analysis Services
13 2 (0.83%) Power BI
13 2 (0.83%) Redis
13 2 (0.83%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 69 (28.75%) Git (software)
2 21 (8.75%) Jenkins
3 16 (6.67%) JIRA
4 15 (6.25%) Selenium
5 13 (5.42%) Team Foundation Server
6 10 (4.17%) Visual Studio Team System
7 9 (3.75%) Visual Studio
8 8 (3.33%) Cucumber
9 7 (2.92%) gulp
10 6 (2.50%) Bitbucket
10 6 (2.50%) webpack
11 5 (2.08%) Jasmine
11 5 (2.08%) Subversion
12 4 (1.67%) NUnit
13 3 (1.25%) Grunt
13 3 (1.25%) JUnit
14 2 (0.83%) ClearCase
14 2 (0.83%) git-flow
14 2 (0.83%) Mocha
14 2 (0.83%) TeamCity
General
1 15 (6.25%) Finance
2 12 (5.00%) Public Sector
3 5 (2.08%) Marketing
3 5 (2.08%) Telecoms
4 4 (1.67%) Law
5 3 (1.25%) Publishing
6 2 (0.83%) Banking
6 2 (0.83%) Billing
6 2 (0.83%) Local Government
7 1 (0.42%) Advertising
7 1 (0.42%) French Language
7 1 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.42%) Retail
7 1 (0.42%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 195 (81.25%) Developer
2 43 (17.92%) .NET Developer
3 32 (13.33%) React Developer
4 31 (12.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 19 (7.92%) Web Developer
6 18 (7.50%) Full Stack Developer
7 16 (6.67%) C# Developer
8 15 (6.25%) Angular Developer
9 14 (5.83%) JavaScript Developer
9 14 (5.83%) Senior Developer
9 14 (5.83%) Software Developer
10 13 (5.42%) Designer
11 10 (4.17%) C# .NET Developer
11 10 (4.17%) Java Developer
12 9 (3.75%) Applications Developer
12 9 (3.75%) Junior
12 9 (3.75%) SAP Developer
12 9 (3.75%) Software Engineer
13 8 (3.33%) Portal Developer
13 8 (3.33%) SAP Portal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 222 (92.50%) HTML
2 73 (30.42%) .NET
3 71 (29.58%) HTML5
4 53 (22.08%) AngularJS
5 51 (21.25%) React
6 50 (20.83%) jQuery
7 49 (20.42%) CSS3
8 39 (16.25%) ASP.NET
9 37 (15.42%) Web Services
10 33 (13.75%) XML
11 31 (12.92%) .NET Framework
12 26 (10.83%) Node.js
13 24 (10.00%) REST
13 24 (10.00%) RESTful
14 22 (9.17%) Entity Framework
15 20 (8.33%) ASP.NET MVC
16 18 (7.50%) ASP.NET Web API
16 18 (7.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 17 (7.08%) Sass
18 16 (6.67%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 25 (10.42%) User Experience
2 12 (5.00%) Mobile App
3 11 (4.58%) Analytical Skills
4 6 (2.50%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (2.08%) Data Structures
6 4 (1.67%) Public Cloud
7 3 (1.25%) Data Centre
7 3 (1.25%) Graphic Design
8 2 (0.83%) Animation
8 2 (0.83%) CMDB
8 2 (0.83%) e-Learning
8 2 (0.83%) NHS
8 2 (0.83%) Social Media
8 2 (0.83%) Virtual Team
9 1 (0.42%) Data Protection Act
9 1 (0.42%) Life Science
9 1 (0.42%) Management Information System
9 1 (0.42%) Mashup
9 1 (0.42%) N-Tier
9 1 (0.42%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 7 (2.92%) Linux
2 5 (2.08%) Windows
3 4 (1.67%) Android
3 4 (1.67%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.83%) Unix
5 1 (0.42%) Kali Linux
5 1 (0.42%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 104 (43.33%) Agile Software Development
2 55 (22.92%) MVC
2 55 (22.92%) Web Development
3 50 (20.83%) Scrum
4 46 (19.17%) Front End Development
5 39 (16.25%) DevOps
6 36 (15.00%) Test Automation
6 36 (15.00%) Unit Testing
7 30 (12.50%) TDD
8 22 (9.17%) BDD
9 20 (8.33%) Continuous Integration
10 19 (7.92%) Software Engineering
11 17 (7.08%) CRM
12 16 (6.67%) Problem-Solving
13 14 (5.83%) Kanban
13 14 (5.83%) Migration
14 12 (5.00%) Continuous Improvement
14 12 (5.00%) OO
14 12 (5.00%) User Stories
14 12 (5.00%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 188 (78.33%) JavaScript
2 73 (30.42%) C#
3 63 (26.25%) SQL
4 43 (17.92%) Java
5 22 (9.17%) PHP
5 22 (9.17%) T-SQL
6 17 (7.08%) Java 8
6 17 (7.08%) Python
6 17 (7.08%) TypeScript
7 11 (4.58%) PL/SQL
8 8 (3.33%) ES6
8 8 (3.33%) XAML
9 7 (2.92%) VB.NET
10 5 (2.08%) Google Apps Script
10 5 (2.08%) PowerShell
10 5 (2.08%) Ruby
11 4 (1.67%) C
12 3 (1.25%) Scala
13 2 (0.83%) Objective-C
14 1 (0.42%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 26 (10.83%) Security Cleared
2 25 (10.42%) SC Cleared
3 22 (9.17%) Degree
4 6 (2.50%) Microsoft Certification
5 4 (1.67%) MCAD
5 4 (1.67%) MCITP
5 4 (1.67%) MCPD
6 2 (0.83%) DBS Check
6 2 (0.83%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.42%) CEH
7 1 (0.42%) Dell Certification
7 1 (0.42%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.42%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.33%) QA
2 5 (2.08%) WCAG
3 1 (0.42%) GDPR
3 1 (0.42%) PMO
3 1 (0.42%) WAI
System Software
1 20 (8.33%) Docker
2 4 (1.67%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.42%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 17 (7.08%) Kubernetes
2 11 (4.58%) Terraform
3 3 (1.25%) Ansible
3 3 (1.25%) Consul
3 3 (1.25%) MIIS
3 3 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (1.25%) Packer
4 2 (0.83%) Kibana
4 2 (0.83%) OpenNebula
4 2 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.42%) logstash
Vendors
1 32 (13.33%) Microsoft
2 15 (6.25%) Oracle
3 13 (5.42%) SAP
4 9 (3.75%) Google
5 8 (3.33%) Adobe
5 8 (3.33%) Xamarin
6 7 (2.92%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (2.08%) Dell
8 4 (1.67%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.67%) Northgate
9 3 (1.25%) Red Hat
10 2 (0.83%) CheckPoint
10 2 (0.83%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.83%) Splunk
10 2 (0.83%) Tableau
10 2 (0.83%) WSO2
11 1 (0.42%) Agnitio
11 1 (0.42%) IBM
11 1 (0.42%) ServiceNow
11 1 (0.42%) Sitecore