Period
to 25 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
25 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 19 24
Rank change year-on-year 0 +5 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS 1,252 1,131 1,263
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 7.58% 7.33% 6.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.92% 27.48% 26.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 859 643 865
South East median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +2.94%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £525 £500 £475
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 26 29
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £40.82 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.24% +48.44% -
10th Percentile £42.50 £20.38 £11.00
90th Percentile £49.13 £47.88 £63.92
England median hourly rate £45.00 £35.34 £32.50
% change year-on-year +27.33% +8.75% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,831 4,116 4,830
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 29.23% 26.68% 26.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,033 2,456 3,176
South East median daily rate £425 £400 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £308 £281 £275
90th Percentile £575 £543 £525
England median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 97 125
South East median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +18.25%
10th Percentile £22.80 £19.50 £15.55
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.10 £55.55
England median hourly rate £40.75 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +1.88% +3.90% +10.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 25 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -1 559 £375 +3.45% 279
Surrey +7 280 £475 +27.52% 93
Berkshire +2 255 £368 -2.00% 138
Oxfordshire +4 173 £400 +14.29% 79
Buckinghamshire -4 131 £363 +6.62% 62
Hampshire -31 115 £375 -6.25% 106
West Sussex -4 92 £485 +17.58% 68
Kent +10 82 £350 - 51
East Sussex -4 69 £375 +25.00% 60
Middlesex +3 42 £475 +26.67% 1
Sussex +6 6 £525 -
Home Counties +2 1 £325 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 25 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,165 (93.05%) HTML
2 975 (77.88%) JavaScript
3 549 (43.85%) AngularJS
4 521 (41.61%) Agile Software Development
5 488 (38.98%) HTML5
6 413 (32.99%) jQuery
7 363 (28.99%) CSS3
8 342 (27.32%) Front End Development
9 312 (24.92%) C#
10 302 (24.12%) .NET
11 282 (22.52%) TDD
12 281 (22.44%) Git (software)
13 278 (22.20%) Web Development
14 268 (21.41%) MVC
15 262 (20.93%) Java
16 247 (19.73%) Scrum
17 235 (18.77%) Web Services
18 234 (18.69%) REST
19 228 (18.21%) SQL
20 224 (17.89%) User Experience
21 221 (17.65%) Continuous Integration
22 217 (17.33%) SQL Server
23 213 (17.01%) React
24 210 (16.77%) Node.js
25 199 (15.89%) Sass
26 194 (15.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 184 (14.70%) Test Automation
28 170 (13.58%) ASP.NET
29 153 (12.22%) Ajax
30 150 (11.98%) JSON

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (5.03%) CMS
2 57 (4.55%) Apache
3 41 (3.27%) WebLogic
4 32 (2.56%) IIS
5 31 (2.48%) Tomcat
6 30 (2.40%) Drupal
7 27 (2.16%) JBoss
8 23 (1.84%) WordPress
9 21 (1.68%) Confluence
10 19 (1.52%) SharePoint
11 16 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (1.20%) Sitecore CMS
13 14 (1.12%) nginx
14 12 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
15 10 (0.80%) EPiServer
15 10 (0.80%) WebSphere
16 9 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 7 (0.56%) IBM Domino
18 5 (0.40%) Oracle Application Server
18 5 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 41 (3.27%) Photoshop
2 28 (2.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 27 (2.16%) Adobe Illustrator
4 14 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
5 13 (1.04%) OmniGraffle
6 7 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
7 6 (0.48%) InVision
8 3 (0.24%) Adobe Premiere
8 3 (0.24%) InDesign
8 3 (0.24%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
9 2 (0.16%) GIMP
9 2 (0.16%) UXPin
10 1 (0.080%) Stata
Business Applications
1 17 (1.36%) Magento
2 8 (0.64%) KANA IQ
3 4 (0.32%) Eloqua
4 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.24%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.080%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 108 (8.63%) Amazon AWS
2 107 (8.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 67 (5.35%) npm
4 46 (3.67%) GitHub
5 45 (3.59%) Serverless
6 25 (2.00%) Google Analytics
7 23 (1.84%) Google Cloud Platform
7 23 (1.84%) OpenShift
7 23 (1.84%) SaaS
8 19 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (1.20%) PaaS
10 14 (1.12%) Yarn
11 11 (0.88%) IaaS
12 9 (0.72%) Office 365
13 8 (0.64%) Adobe Analytics
14 6 (0.48%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 6 (0.48%) Silverpop
15 5 (0.40%) BrowserStack
15 5 (0.40%) Google Checkout
16 4 (0.32%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 60 (4.79%) HTTP
2 32 (2.56%) SSL
3 27 (2.16%) TCP/IP
4 14 (1.12%) Internet
5 8 (0.64%) SMTP
6 6 (0.48%) DNS
6 6 (0.48%) SMS
7 5 (0.40%) AMQP
8 4 (0.32%) FTP
9 3 (0.24%) Firewall
10 2 (0.16%) CTI
10 2 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.16%) SSH
11 1 (0.080%) DSLAM
11 1 (0.080%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.080%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.080%) IGMP
11 1 (0.080%) Intranet
11 1 (0.080%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 217 (17.33%) SQL Server
2 131 (10.46%) MySQL
3 94 (7.51%) MongoDB
4 93 (7.43%) Relational Database
5 55 (4.39%) NoSQL
6 22 (1.76%) SQL Server 2012
7 19 (1.52%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (1.44%) Big Data
8 18 (1.44%) MariaDB
9 14 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 14 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
10 13 (1.04%) Oracle Database
11 11 (0.88%) Redis
12 10 (0.80%) RDBMS
13 9 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (0.72%) DB2
14 7 (0.56%) Hadoop
14 7 (0.56%) Oracle Database 12c
14 7 (0.56%) SQL Server 2000
14 7 (0.56%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 281 (22.44%) Git (software)
2 124 (9.90%) Jenkins
3 96 (7.67%) gulp
4 83 (6.63%) Visual Studio
5 79 (6.31%) webpack
6 72 (5.75%) Selenium
7 66 (5.27%) JIRA
8 62 (4.95%) Jasmine
9 60 (4.79%) Karma Test Runner
10 59 (4.71%) Grunt
11 57 (4.55%) Subversion
12 50 (3.99%) Eclipse
13 48 (3.83%) IntelliJ
14 47 (3.75%) Protractor
15 44 (3.51%) JUnit
16 43 (3.43%) Mocha
17 37 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
18 34 (2.72%) Axure RP
19 29 (2.32%) Maven
20 21 (1.68%) NUnit
General
1 93 (7.43%) Finance
2 50 (3.99%) Marketing
3 38 (3.04%) Retail
4 21 (1.68%) Telecoms
5 20 (1.60%) Banking
6 8 (0.64%) Games
7 5 (0.40%) Advertising
8 4 (0.32%) Law
8 4 (0.32%) Legal
8 4 (0.32%) Publishing
9 3 (0.24%) Electronics
10 2 (0.16%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.16%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.080%) Back Office
11 1 (0.080%) Digital Economy
11 1 (0.080%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,039 (82.99%) Developer
2 277 (22.12%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 197 (15.73%) JavaScript Developer
4 176 (14.06%) .NET Developer
5 123 (9.82%) C# Developer
6 119 (9.50%) Web Developer
7 118 (9.42%) Full Stack Developer
8 110 (8.79%) Java Developer
9 98 (7.83%) Angular Developer
9 98 (7.83%) C# .NET Developer
10 96 (7.67%) Designer
11 82 (6.55%) HTML Developer
12 73 (5.83%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
13 67 (5.35%) React Developer
14 62 (4.95%) Senior Developer
15 60 (4.79%) PHP Developer
16 59 (4.71%) HTML CSS Developer
17 58 (4.63%) UX Designer
18 56 (4.47%) Node.js Developer
18 56 (4.47%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,165 (93.05%) HTML
2 549 (43.85%) AngularJS
3 488 (38.98%) HTML5
4 413 (32.99%) jQuery
5 363 (28.99%) CSS3
6 302 (24.12%) .NET
7 235 (18.77%) Web Services
8 234 (18.69%) REST
9 213 (17.01%) React
10 210 (16.77%) Node.js
11 199 (15.89%) Sass
12 194 (15.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 170 (13.58%) ASP.NET
14 153 (12.22%) Ajax
15 150 (11.98%) JSON
16 139 (11.10%) XML
17 115 (9.19%) Spring
18 100 (7.99%) .NET Framework
18 100 (7.99%) RESTful
19 99 (7.91%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 224 (17.89%) User Experience
2 66 (5.27%) Mobile App
3 57 (4.55%) Computer Science
4 39 (3.12%) Greenfield Project
5 31 (2.48%) Analytical Skills
6 23 (1.84%) N-Tier
7 18 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
8 16 (1.28%) Graphic Design
9 15 (1.20%) Clustering
9 15 (1.20%) Fat Client
9 15 (1.20%) Public Cloud
9 15 (1.20%) Thin Client
9 15 (1.20%) W3C
10 13 (1.04%) Social Media
11 11 (0.88%) Fintech
12 10 (0.80%) Animation
13 6 (0.48%) iPhone
13 6 (0.48%) Virtual Team
14 5 (0.40%) iPad
14 5 (0.40%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 126 (10.06%) Linux
2 76 (6.07%) Windows
3 41 (3.27%) Unix
4 32 (2.56%) Android
5 30 (2.40%) Apple iOS
6 15 (1.20%) Windows Server
7 14 (1.12%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.72%) Windows Server 2003
9 7 (0.56%) Windows 2000
10 6 (0.48%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.40%) Debian
12 3 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.16%) Solaris
13 2 (0.16%) Windows 8
13 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.080%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.080%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.080%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.080%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 521 (41.61%) Agile Software Development
2 342 (27.32%) Front End Development
3 282 (22.52%) TDD
4 278 (22.20%) Web Development
5 268 (21.41%) MVC
6 247 (19.73%) Scrum
7 221 (17.65%) Continuous Integration
8 184 (14.70%) Test Automation
9 117 (9.35%) BDD
10 109 (8.71%) OO
11 89 (7.11%) Unit Testing
12 87 (6.95%) E-Commerce
13 86 (6.87%) Microservices
14 84 (6.71%) Software Engineering
15 82 (6.55%) DevOps
16 81 (6.47%) Open Source
17 71 (5.67%) Prototyping
18 65 (5.19%) Analytics
19 64 (5.11%) Responsive Web Design
20 63 (5.03%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 975 (77.88%) JavaScript
2 312 (24.92%) C#
3 262 (20.93%) Java
4 228 (18.21%) SQL
5 128 (10.22%) PHP
6 86 (6.87%) TypeScript
7 83 (6.63%) ES6
8 82 (6.55%) Python
9 78 (6.23%) Scala
10 53 (4.23%) VB.NET
11 49 (3.91%) Ruby
12 39 (3.12%) T-SQL
13 28 (2.24%) ES7
14 21 (1.68%) C++
15 19 (1.52%) Groovy
16 18 (1.44%) C
16 18 (1.44%) PL/SQL
17 15 (1.20%) Go
18 13 (1.04%) Perl
19 12 (0.96%) GraphQL
Qualifications
1 97 (7.75%) Degree
2 47 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (1.04%) Security Cleared
4 11 (0.88%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
5 7 (0.56%) SC Cleared
6 5 (0.40%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.32%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.24%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.16%) ISEB
9 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.080%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.080%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.67%) QA
2 12 (0.96%) GCP
3 5 (0.40%) WCAG
4 3 (0.24%) WAI
5 2 (0.16%) RosettaNet
6 1 (0.080%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.080%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.080%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.080%) PSD2
System Software
1 100 (7.99%) Docker
2 11 (0.88%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.080%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.080%) ISA Server
5 1 (0.080%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.080%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 35 (2.80%) Puppet
2 24 (1.92%) Grafana
2 24 (1.92%) Kibana
3 17 (1.36%) Ansible
4 8 (0.64%) Terraform
5 7 (0.56%) Kubernetes
6 5 (0.40%) Galera Cluster
6 5 (0.40%) OpenNebula
7 2 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
7 2 (0.16%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.080%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.080%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.080%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.080%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 1 (0.080%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 131 (10.46%) Microsoft
2 106 (8.47%) Oracle
3 51 (4.07%) Adobe
4 46 (3.67%) Google
5 36 (2.88%) Twitter
6 24 (1.92%) webMethods
7 20 (1.60%) Salesforce.com
8 16 (1.28%) New Relic
9 15 (1.20%) Sitecore
10 13 (1.04%) hybris
11 11 (0.88%) Capita
12 10 (0.80%) SAP
12 10 (0.80%) ServiceNow
13 9 (0.72%) IBM
13 9 (0.72%) Zend
14 8 (0.64%) Citrix
14 8 (0.64%) ClickTale
14 8 (0.64%) KANA
14 8 (0.64%) VMware
15 6 (0.48%) Apple